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Sample records for reaction ir 1h

  1. Shaped Ir-Ni bimetallic nanoparticles for minimizing Ir utilization in oxygen evolution reaction.

    PubMed

    Lim, Jinkyu; Yang, Sungeun; Kim, Chanyeon; Roh, Chi-Woo; Kwon, Yongwoo; Kim, Yong-Tae; Lee, Hyunjoo

    2016-04-12

    Shaped Ir-Ni bimetallic nanoparticles were synthesized and used for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The obtained bimetallic nanoparticles showed significantly enhanced Ir mass activity and durability compared with Ir nanoparticles. PMID:27034092

  2. Ir-Catalyzed enantioselective group transfer reactions.

    PubMed

    Schafer, Andrew G; Blakey, Simon B

    2015-10-01

    Recently, several novel iridium complexes have been shown to catalyse group transfer reactions in a highly selective fashion. Rhodium complexes, and in particular dirhodium tetracarboxylate salts, have proven to be a remarkably useful class of catalysts for these reactions through several decades of development. Recent results suggest that iridium may offer opportunities to address challenges in this chemistry and provide complementary reactivity patterns. This tutorial review outlines the recent developments in Ir-catalyzed enantioselective group transfer chemistry with highlights on examples which display this unique reactivity. PMID:26051004

  3. IR, 1H NMR and DFT studies of novel bis-Betti base derivatives of 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene: Thermodynamic control of diastereoselectivity and configurational preference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zamani, Mehdi; Shafiee, Mehdi; Keshavarz, Mohammad Hossein

    2014-10-01

    Diastereoselectivity and configurational preference for synthetic reaction of novel bis-Betti base derivatives of 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene were studied through density functional theory (DFT). Enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs free energy of reactions as well as stereochemistry, thermodynamic stability and spectroscopic analysis of products were investigated. The calculated 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and infrared (IR) spectra of different configurations were compared to experimental data in order to find the preferred isomer. The diastereoselectivity of reaction was estimated through the calculated equilibrium distribution of stereoisomers. According to these results, preparation of bis-Betti bases is an exothermic process accompanied by a decrease in entropy. The calculated gas phase heats of formation of title compounds are positive. Since the energy difference between stereoisomers is quite small, the change of Gibbs free energy during the reaction favors one configuration over other possibilities. These results are in good agreement with the experimental observations.

  4. A classical approach in simple nuclear fusion reaction {sub 1}H{sup 2}+{sub 1}H{sup 3} using two-dimension granular molecular dynamics model

    SciTech Connect

    Viridi, S.; Kurniadi, R.; Waris, A.; Perkasa, Y. S.

    2012-06-06

    Molecular dynamics in 2-D accompanied by granular model provides an opportunity to investigate binding between nuclei particles and its properties that arises during collision in a fusion reaction. A fully classical approach is used to observe the influence of initial angle of nucleus orientation to the product yielded by the reaction. As an example, a simplest fusion reaction between {sub 1}H{sup 2} and {sub 1}H{sup 3} is observed. Several products of the fusion reaction have been obtained, even the unreported ones, including temporary {sub 2}He{sup 4} nucleus.

  5. Real structure of formamide entrapped by AOT nonaqueous reverse micelles: FT-IR and 1H NMR studies.

    PubMed

    Correa, N Mariano; Pires, Paulo Augusto R; Silber, Juana J; El Seoud, Omar A

    2005-11-10

    Noninvasive techniques such as FT-IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy have been employed to investigate the solubilization of formamide, FA, and its aqueous solution, FA-water, by sodium 1,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate, AOT, in heptane or isooctane reverse micelles, respectively. Partially deuterated FA (FADH) was used in the FT-IR experiments and nu(OD), n(ND) were analyzed. Also, the nu(C=O) band of FA was investigated. For AOT, the changes of the SO(3)(-) group's symmetric, nu(s), and asymmetric, nu(a), bands were also studied. The results are showing that FA is interacting strongly with the Na+ counterions of the surfactant through electrostatic interactions maintaining their hydrogen bond network present in the FA bulk. Accordingly, partially deuterated FA is "frozen" inside the aggregates and it is possible to detect, by FT-IR technique, the cis and trans isomers. Curve fitting of the nu(OD) (in the FA-water mixture) band requires use of two peaks because the band is asymmetric, not because the solubilizate molecules are present in layers of different structure. The chemical shifts of the (1)H bound to N and C of FA were studied by (1)H NMR. The comparison of the chemical shift of AOT in reverse micelles with FA and the FA-water mixture in the polar core of the aggregate shows that there is a strong preferential solvation of Na+ by FA (through electrostatic interaction) and the AOT's sulfonate group by water (through hydrogen bond interaction). PMID:16853748

  6. Synthesis, crystal structure, IR, 1H NMR and theoretical calculations of 1,2,4-triazole Schiff base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, R. Y.; Sun, X. H.; Liu, Y. F.; Long, W.; Lu, W. T.; Ma, H. X.

    2014-03-01

    5-Propyl-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole Schiff base was characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR and X-ray single crystal diffraction techniques. The compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group p-1 with z = 2. The molecular geometry was optimized using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) and hartree fock (HF) methods with the 6-311G+(d,p) and 6-311G basis set in ground state. From the optimized geometry of the molecule, vibrational frequencies, HOMO-LUMO and natural bond orbital (NBO) were calculated with B3LYP/6-311G+(d,p) level. In addition, gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H NMR chemical shift values was calculated at B3LYP/6-311G+(d,p) and HF/6-311G+(d,p) level.

  7. FT-IR and {sup 1}H NMR characterization of the products of an ethylene inverse diffusion flame

    SciTech Connect

    Santamaria, Alexander; Mondragon, Fanor; Molina, Alejandro; Marsh, Nathan D.; Eddings, Eric G.; Sarofim, Adel F.

    2006-07-15

    Knowledge of the chemical structure of young soot and its precursors is very useful in the understanding of the paths leading to soot particle inception. This paper presents analyses of the chemical functional groups, based on FT-IR and {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy of the products obtained in an ethylene inverse diffusion flame. The trends in the data indicate that the soluble fraction of the soot becomes progressively more aromatic and less aliphatic as the height above the burner increases. Results from {sup 1}H NMR spectra of the chloroform-soluble soot samples taken at different heights above the burner corroborate the infrared results based on proton chemical shifts (Ha, H{alpha}, H{beta}, and H{gamma}). The results indicate that the aliphatic {beta} and {gamma} hydrogens suffered the most drastic reduction, while the aromatic character increased considerably with height, particularly in the first half of the flame. (author)

  8. L-glutamine: Dynamical properties investigation by means of INS, IR, RAMAN, 1H NMR and DFT techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pawlukojć, A.; Hołderna-Natkaniec, K.; Bator, G.; Natkaniec, I.

    2014-10-01

    Vibrational spectra of L-glutamine in the solid state were studied using the inelastic neutron scattering (INS), infrared (IR), Raman and 1H NMR spectroscopy techniques. DFT calculation using CASTEP code with the periodic boundary conditions was used to determine and describe the normal modes in the vibrational spectra of pure L-glutamine. An excellent agreement between the calculated and experimental INS, IR and Raman data has been found. Bands assigned to the stretching vibrations of the NH3+ group in hydrogen bonds are observed at 2400, 2618 and 2619 cm-1, while the NH3+ torsion vibration mode is observed at 441 cm-1. The band at 2041 cm-1 is assigned to combinations of the NH3+ bending symmetry vibration and the CO2- rocking vibration and can be used as an "indicator band" for the identification of the NH3+ groups in amino acid. For the L-glutamine an activation energy needed for the NH3+ group reorientation was obtained as 7.4 kcal/mol. It was found, that the combination three spectroscopic methods (INS, IR and Raman) with calculations for the crystal state proved to be an effective tool to investigate dynamical properties of amino acid crystals.

  9. Synthesis, IR, UV/vis-, (1)H NMR and DFT study of chelatophore functionalized 1,3-benzoxazinone spiropyrans.

    PubMed

    Bulanov, Antony O; Popov, Leonid D; Shcherbakov, Igor N; Kogan, Victor A; Barachevsky, Valerii A; Lukov, Vladimir V; Borisenko, S N; Tkachenko, Yu N

    2008-12-01

    Six novel functionalized spiropyran's derivatives of 2H-1,3-benzoxazinone series were synthesized by introducing the substituents with chelating ability into 2H-chromene part of the 8'-formyl-7'-hydroxy-3-methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,3-benzoxazine-2-spiro-2'-[2H]-chromene (I) by condensation with 2-aminophenol, 2-amino-4-methylphenol, 2-amino-4-nitrophenol, 2-amino-1-methylbenzimidazole, 4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole, N-(4-aminophenyl)acetamide. (1)H NMR, UV/vis, IR spectroscopy combined with quantum-chemical calculations employing density functional theory (DFT) were used to study their structure. All substances, except 2-amino-4-nitrophenol derivative exist in solid state and in solution solely in closed spiroform, while the mentioned one undergoes partial spiropyran ring opening. In DMSO solution NMR spectra show ratio of 2:1 of closed and opened form, correspondingly. PMID:18550424

  10. Synthesis, IR, UV/vis-, 1H NMR and DFT study of chelatophore functionalized 1,3-benzoxazinone spiropyrans

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bulanov, Antony O.; Popov, Leonid D.; Shcherbakov, Igor N.; Kogan, Victor A.; Barachevsky, Valerii A.; Lukov, Vladimir V.; Borisenko, S. N.; Tkachenko, Yu. N.

    2008-12-01

    Six novel functionalized spiropyran's derivatives of 2H-1,3-benzoxazinone series were synthesized by introducing the substituents with chelating ability into 2H-chromene part of the 8'-formyl-7'-hydroxy-3-methyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,3-benzoxazine-2-spiro-2'-[2H]-chromene (I) by condensation with 2-aminophenol, 2-amino-4-methylphenol, 2-amino-4-nitrophenol, 2-amino-1-methylbenzimidazole, 4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole, N-(4-aminophenyl)acetamide. 1H NMR, UV/vis, IR spectroscopy combined with quantum-chemical calculations employing density functional theory (DFT) were used to study their structure. All substances, except 2-amino-4-nitrophenol derivative exist in solid state and in solution solely in closed spiroform, while the mentioned one undergoes partial spiropyran ring opening. In DMSO solution NMR spectra show ratio of 2:1 of closed and opened form, correspondingly.

  11. Competing reaction channels in IR-laser-induced unimolecular reactions

    SciTech Connect

    Berman, M.R.

    1981-01-01

    The competing reaction channels in the unimolecular decomposition of two molecules, formaldehyde and tetralin were studied. A TEA CO/sub 2/ laser was used as the excitation source in all experiments. The dissociation of D/sub 2/CO was studied by infrared multiphoton dissociation (MPD) and the small-molecule nature of formaldehyde with regard to MPD was explored. The effect of collisions in MPD were probed by the pressure dependence of the MPD yield and ir fluorescence from multiphoton excited D/sub 2/CO. MPD yield shows a near cubic dependence in pure D/sub 2/CO which is reduced to a 1.7 power dependence when 15 torr of NO is added. The peak amplitude of 5 ..mu..m ir fluorescence from D/sub 2/CO is proportional to the square of the D/sub 2/CO pressure in pure D/sub 2/CO or in the presence of 50 torr of Ar. Results are explained in terms of bottlenecks to excitation at the v = 1 level which are overcome by a combination of vibrational energy transfer and rotational relaxation. The radical/molecule branching ratio in D/sub 2/CO MPD was 0.10 +- 0.02 at a fluence of 125 J/cm/sup 2/ at 946.0 cm/sup -1/. The barrier height to molecular dissociation was calculated to be 3.6 +- 2.0 kcal/mole below the radical threshold or 85.0 +- 3.0 kcal/mole above the ground state of D/sub 2/CO. In H/sub 2/CO, this corresponds to 2.5 +- 2.0 kcal/mole below the radical threshold or 83.8 +- 3.0 kcal/mole above the ground state. Comparison with uv data indicate that RRKM theory is an acceptable description of formaldehyde dissociation in the 5 to 10 torr pressure range. The unimolecular decomposition of tetralin was studied by MPD and SiF/sub 4/ - sensitized pyrolysis. Both techniques induce decomposition without the interference of catalytic surfaces. Ethylene loss is identified as the lowest energy reaction channel. Dehydrogenation is found to result from step-wise H atom loss. Isomerization via disproportionation is also identified as a primary reaction channel.

  12. Simultaneous (19)F-(1)H medium resolution NMR spectroscopy for online reaction monitoring.

    PubMed

    Zientek, Nicolai; Laurain, Clément; Meyer, Klas; Kraume, Matthias; Guthausen, Gisela; Maiwald, Michael

    2014-10-18

    Medium resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (MR-NMR) spectroscopy is currently a fast developing field, which has an enormous potential to become an important analytical tool for reaction monitoring, in hyphenated techniques, and for systematic investigations of complex mixtures. The recent developments of innovative MR-NMR spectrometers are therefore remarkable due to their possible applications in quality control, education, and process monitoring. MR-NMR spectroscopy can beneficially be applied for fast, non-invasive, and volume integrating analyses under rough environmental conditions. Within this study, a simple 1/16″ fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) tube with an ID of 0.04″ (1.02mm) was used as a flow cell in combination with a 5mm glass Dewar tube inserted into a benchtop MR-NMR spectrometer with a (1)H Larmor frequency of 43.32MHz and 40.68MHz for (19)F. For the first time, quasi-simultaneous proton and fluorine NMR spectra were recorded with a series of alternating (19)F and (1)H single scan spectra along the reaction time coordinate of a homogeneously catalysed esterification model reaction containing fluorinated compounds. The results were compared to quantitative NMR spectra from a hyphenated 500MHz online NMR instrument for validation. Automation of handling, pre-processing, and analysis of NMR data becomes increasingly important for process monitoring applications of online NMR spectroscopy and for its technical and practical acceptance. Thus, NMR spectra were automatically baseline corrected and phased using the minimum entropy method. Data analysis schemes were designed such that they are based on simple direct integration or first principle line fitting, with the aim that the analysis directly revealed molar concentrations from the spectra. Finally, the performance of 1/16″ FEP tube set-up with an ID of 1.02mm was characterised regarding the limit of detection (LOQ ((1)H)=0.335molL(-1) and LOQ ((19)F)=0.130molL(-1) for trifluoroethanol in D2O (single scan)) and maximum quantitative flow rates up to 0.3mLmin(-1). Thus, a series of single scan (19)F and (1)H NMR spectra acquired with this simple set-up already presents a valuable basis for quantitative reaction monitoring. PMID:25462947

  13. Simultaneous 19F-1H medium resolution NMR spectroscopy for online reaction monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zientek, Nicolai; Laurain, Clément; Meyer, Klas; Kraume, Matthias; Guthausen, Gisela; Maiwald, Michael

    2014-12-01

    Medium resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (MR-NMR) spectroscopy is currently a fast developing field, which has an enormous potential to become an important analytical tool for reaction monitoring, in hyphenated techniques, and for systematic investigations of complex mixtures. The recent developments of innovative MR-NMR spectrometers are therefore remarkable due to their possible applications in quality control, education, and process monitoring. MR-NMR spectroscopy can beneficially be applied for fast, non-invasive, and volume integrating analyses under rough environmental conditions. Within this study, a simple 1/16″ fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) tube with an ID of 0.04″ (1.02 mm) was used as a flow cell in combination with a 5 mm glass Dewar tube inserted into a benchtop MR-NMR spectrometer with a 1H Larmor frequency of 43.32 MHz and 40.68 MHz for 19F. For the first time, quasi-simultaneous proton and fluorine NMR spectra were recorded with a series of alternating 19F and 1H single scan spectra along the reaction time coordinate of a homogeneously catalysed esterification model reaction containing fluorinated compounds. The results were compared to quantitative NMR spectra from a hyphenated 500 MHz online NMR instrument for validation. Automation of handling, pre-processing, and analysis of NMR data becomes increasingly important for process monitoring applications of online NMR spectroscopy and for its technical and practical acceptance. Thus, NMR spectra were automatically baseline corrected and phased using the minimum entropy method. Data analysis schemes were designed such that they are based on simple direct integration or first principle line fitting, with the aim that the analysis directly revealed molar concentrations from the spectra. Finally, the performance of 1/16″ FEP tube set-up with an ID of 1.02 mm was characterised regarding the limit of detection (LOQ (1H) = 0.335 mol L-1 and LOQ (19F) = 0.130 mol L-1 for trifluoroethanol in D2O (single scan)) and maximum quantitative flow rates up to 0.3 mL min-1. Thus, a series of single scan 19F and 1H NMR spectra acquired with this simple set-up already presents a valuable basis for quantitative reaction monitoring.

  14. 1H NMR and FT-IR dataset based structural investigation of poly(amic acid)s and polyimides from 4,4′-diaminostilbene

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Amit; Tateyama, Seiji; Yasaki, Katsuaki; Ali, Mohammad Asif; Takaya, Naoki; Singh, Rajeev; Kaneko, Tatsuo

    2016-01-01

    Structural investigation of polymers by various available analytical methods is important in order to correlate the structure with polymer properties for which understanding of polymer structure is very important factor. The data presented here in this article shows the 1H NMR spectra used for the characterization of prepared poly(amic acid)s (PAAs). It is often difficult to assigns the peak in NMR of polymers due to its complexity. Data presented here helps in assigning the proton peak in complex NMR of PAAs prepared from aromatic diamines. Further functionality in polymer chains can be confirmed by FT-IR spectra. Change in functionality during some reaction or process can be monitored by disappearance or appearance of peaks in FT-IR. The complete imidization of PAAs to Polyimides (PIs) is difficult to analyze because of the chemical stability i.e. insolubility of PIs in most of the solvent therefore the completion of imidization process was confirmed using FTIR. PMID:26933669

  15. (1)H NMR and FT-IR dataset based structural investigation of poly(amic acid)s and polyimides from 4,4'-diaminostilbene.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Amit; Tateyama, Seiji; Yasaki, Katsuaki; Ali, Mohammad Asif; Takaya, Naoki; Singh, Rajeev; Kaneko, Tatsuo

    2016-06-01

    Structural investigation of polymers by various available analytical methods is important in order to correlate the structure with polymer properties for which understanding of polymer structure is very important factor. The data presented here in this article shows the (1)H NMR spectra used for the characterization of prepared poly(amic acid)s (PAAs). It is often difficult to assigns the peak in NMR of polymers due to its complexity. Data presented here helps in assigning the proton peak in complex NMR of PAAs prepared from aromatic diamines. Further functionality in polymer chains can be confirmed by FT-IR spectra. Change in functionality during some reaction or process can be monitored by disappearance or appearance of peaks in FT-IR. The complete imidization of PAAs to Polyimides (PIs) is difficult to analyze because of the chemical stability i.e. insolubility of PIs in most of the solvent therefore the completion of imidization process was confirmed using FTIR. PMID:26933669

  16. Discovering [superscript 13]C NMR, [superscript 1]H NMR, and IR Spectroscopy in the General Chemistry Laboratory through a Sequence of Guided-Inquiry Exercises

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iler, H. Darrell; Justice, David; Brauer, Shari; Landis, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    This sequence of three guided-inquiry labs is designed for a second-semester general chemistry course and challenges students to discover basic theoretical principles associated with [superscript 13]C NMR, [superscript 1]H NMR, and IR spectroscopy. Students learn to identify and explain basic concepts of magnetic resonance and vibrational…

  17. Study of inclusion complex between 2,6-dinitrobenzoic acid and β-cyclodextrin by 1H NMR, 2D 1H NMR (ROESY), FT-IR, XRD, SEM and photophysical methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srinivasan, Krishnan; Stalin, Thambusamy

    2014-09-01

    The formation of host-guest inclusion complex of 2,6-dinitrobenzoic acid (2,6-DNB) with nano-hydrophobic cavity of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) in solution phase has been studied by UV-visible spectroscopy and electrochemical analysis (cyclic voltammetry, CV). The effect of acid-base concentrations of 2,6-DNB has been studied in presence and absence of β-CD to determination for the ground state acidity constant (pKa). The binding constant of inclusion complex at 303 K was calculated using Benesi-Hildebrand plot and thermodynamic parameter (ΔG) was also calculated. The solid inclusion complex formation between β-CD and 2,6-DNB was confirmed by 1H NMR, 2D 1H NMR (ROESY), FT-IR, XRD and SEM analysis. A schematic representation of this inclusion process was proposed by molecular docking studies using patch dock server.

  18. A study of molecular structure, UV, IR, and 1H NMR spectra of a new dichroic dye on the basis of quinoline derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shahab, Siyamak; Almodarresiyeh, Hora Alhosseini; Kumar, Rakesh; Darroudi, Mahdieh

    2015-05-01

    In this study, the structure and some molecular properties of a new substance sodium 4-[(4E)-4-[(2E)-2-(2-chloro-3-{(E)-2-[1-(4-sulfonatobutyl)quinolinium-4-yl]ethenyl}-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ylidene)ethylidene]quinolin-1(4H)-yl]butane-1-sulfonate (Q) with maximum absorption in near-IR region (λmax = 832 nm) was modeled using the Density Functional Theory method (DFT) and then synthesized. The electronic absorption spectrum of Q in dimethylformamide (DMF) solution was calculated. The UV, IR, and PMR spectra of Q were also presented.

  19. Reaction of Phthalocyanines with Graphene on Ir(111).

    PubMed

    Altenburg, Simon J; Lattelais, Marie; Wang, Bin; Bocquet, Marie-Laure; Berndt, Richard

    2015-07-29

    Iron phthalocyanine (FePc) is adsorbed to graphene on Ir(111) at cryogenic temperature. In addition to mobile FePc with four lobes, imaging and spectroscopy with a scanning tunneling microscope reveal immobile molecules that exhibit fewer lobes. A reversible transformation between four- and three-lobed molecules has been induced by current injection. The data are consistent with chemical bonding of lobes to graphene on Ir, pinning down the graphene area toward Ir. Similar observations are made from NiPc, CoPc, CuPc, and H2Pc. The experimental findings can be explained by ab initio calculations, which suggest that a Diels-Alder-type reaction may be involved with an allyl unit of graphene in the top-fcc moiré registry. PMID:26147789

  20. Extremely strong temperature-dependent Davydow-splitting effects in the polarized IR spectra of the hydrogen bond: Pyrazole and quinolin-2(1H)-one crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hachu?a, Barbara; Flakus, Henryk T.; Tyl, Aleksandra; Polasz, Anna

    2014-04-01

    Polarized IR spectra were recorded in the spectral range of the ?N-H and ?N-D proton stretching vibration bands for the isotopically neat and isotopically diluted crystals of pyrazole (Pzl) and quinolin-2(1H)-one (2HQ). The spectra measured in the temperature range of 77-293 K have shown that temperature extremely strongly influenced the magnitude of the Davydow-splitting effects in the crystalline spectra. Two different competing vibrational Davydow-coupling mechanisms involving hydrogen bonds, i.e., the tail-to-head' and the side-to-side', were responsible for the generation of the temperature effects in the polarized spectra.

  1. FT-IR, dispersive Raman, NMR, DFT and antimicrobial activity studies on 2-(Thiophen-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole.

    PubMed

    Unal, Arslan; Eren, Bilge

    2013-10-01

    2-(Thiophen-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole (TBI) was synthesized under microwave conditions and was characterized by FT-IR, dispersive Raman, (1)H-, (13)C-, DEPT-, HETCOR-NMR spectroscopies and density functional theory (DFT) computations. The FT-IR and dispersive Raman spectra of TBI were recorded in the regions 4000-400 cm(-1) and 4000-100 cm(-1). The experimental vibrational spectra were interpreted with the help of normal coordinate analysis based on DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) theory level for the more stable tautomeric form (Tautomer 1). The complete vibrational assignments were performed on the basis of the potential energy distribution (PED) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanical (SQM) method. A satisfactory consistency between the experimental and theoretical findings was obtained. The frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs), atomic charges and NMR shifts of the two stable tautomeric forms were also obtained at the same theory level without any symmetry restrictions. In addition, the title compound was screened for its antimicrobial activity and was found to be exhibit antifungal and antibacterial effects. PMID:23756262

  2. Synthesis, spectral (FT-IR, UV-visible, NMR) features, biological activity prediction and theoretical studies of 4-Amino-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione and its tautomer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srivastava, Ambrish Kumar; Kumar, Abhishek; Misra, Neeraj; Manjula, P. S.; Sarojini, B. K.; Narayana, B.

    2016-03-01

    Triazole compounds constitute an important class of organic chemistry due to their various biological and corrosion inhibition activities. The synthesis scheme of a new triazole compound namely, 4-Amino-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione (4AHT) has been theoretically analyzed. Our density functional theory (DFT) based calculations show that the synthesis of 4AHT is energetically feasible at the room temperature as the reaction is exothermic, spontaneous as well as favored in forward direction. The calculated bond-lengths are found to be in good agreement with corresponding crystallographic values. We have considered two possible tautomers of 4AHT viz. thione and thiol forms. The FT-IR (KBr disc), UV-visible (ethanol) and 1H-NMR (DMSO) spectra of 4AHT have been recorded. The vibrational modes have been assigned on the basis of their potential energy distributions and scaled wavenumbers agree well with the FT-IR wavenumbers. Time dependent DFT calculations are performed to analyze the electronic transitions for various excited states which reproduce the experimental peak observed in UV-visible spectrum. Using gauge independent atomic orbital method 1H-NMR chemical shifts have been calculated and correlated with the experimental chemical shifts with the linear correlation coefficient of 0.9453. Our spectral analyses reveal the dominance of thione over thiol form of 4AHT. The chemical reactivity of 4AHT has been discussed by molecular electrostatic potential surface as well as various electronic parameters. The biological activities of 4AHT have also been explored theoretically and it has been found that the title molecule can act as a potential inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 enzyme. These findings may guide the synthesis and design of new triazole compounds with interesting biological activity.

  3. Investigation of the Exclusive {sup 3}He(e,e{sup '}pn){sup 1}H Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Middleton, D. G.; Grabmayr, P.; Hehl, T.; Heim, J.; Martin, I.; Moschini, F.; Annand, J. R. M.; Glazier, D. I.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; McGeorge, J. C.; Monstad, K.; Rosner, G.; Watts, D. P.; Antelo, M. Ases; Ayerbe, C.; Baumann, D.; Bermuth, J.; Bernauer, J.; Boehm, R.; Ding, M.

    2009-10-09

    Cross sections for the {sup 3}He(e,e{sup '}pn){sup 1}H reaction were measured for the first time at energy transfers of 220 and 270 MeV for several momentum transfers ranging from 300 to 450 MeV/c. Cross sections are presented as a function of the momentum of the recoil proton and the momentum transfer. Continuum Faddeev calculations using the Argonne V18 and Bonn-B nucleon-nucleon potentials overestimate the measured cross sections by a factor 5 at low recoil proton momentum with the discrepancy becoming smaller at higher recoil proton momentum.

  4. Crystal structure and theoretical study of IR and 1H and 13C NMR spectra of cordatin, a natural product with antiulcerogenic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brasil, Davi S. B.; Alves, Cláudio N.; Guilhon, Giselle M. S. P.; Muller, Adolfo H.; Secco, Ricardo De S.; Peris, Gabriel; Llusar, Rosa

    Cordatin is a furan diterpenoid with a clerodane skeleton isolated from Croton palanostigma Klotzsch (Euphorbiaceae). This natural product shows significant antiulcerogenic activity, similar to cimetidine (Tagamet®), a compound used for the treatment of peptic ulcers. The crystal structure of cordatin was obtained by X-ray diffraction and its geometrical parameters were compared with theoretical calculations at the B3LYP theory level. The IR and NMR (1H and 13C chemical shifts and coupling constants) spectra were obtained and compared with the theoretical calculations. The B3LYP theory level, with the 6-31G(d,p) and 6-311G(d,p) basis set, provided IR absorption values close to the experimental data. Moreover, theoretical NMR parameters obtained in both gas phase and chloroform solvent at the B3PW91/DGDZVP, B3LYP/6-311+G(2d,p), and B3PW91/6-311+G(2d,p) levels showed good correlations with the experimental results.

  5. Automated data evaluation and modelling of simultaneous (19) F-(1) H medium-resolution NMR spectra for online reaction monitoring.

    PubMed

    Zientek, Nicolai; Laurain, Clément; Meyer, Klas; Paul, Andrea; Engel, Dirk; Guthausen, Gisela; Kraume, Matthias; Maiwald, Michael

    2016-06-01

    Medium-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MR-NMR) currently develops to an important analytical tool for both quality control and process monitoring. In contrast to high-resolution online NMR (HR-NMR), MR-NMR can be operated under rough environmental conditions. A continuous re-circulating stream of reaction mixture from the reaction vessel to the NMR spectrometer enables a non-invasive, volume integrating online analysis of reactants and products. Here, we investigate the esterification of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol with acetic acid to 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl acetate both by (1) H HR-NMR (500 MHz) and (1) H and (19) F MR-NMR (43 MHz) as a model system. The parallel online measurement is realised by splitting the flow, which allows the adjustment of quantitative and independent flow rates, both in the HR-NMR probe as well as in the MR-NMR probe, in addition to a fast bypass line back to the reactor. One of the fundamental acceptance criteria for online MR-MNR spectroscopy is a robust data treatment and evaluation strategy with the potential for automation. The MR-NMR spectra are treated by an automated baseline and phase correction using the minimum entropy method. The evaluation strategies comprise (i) direct integration, (ii) automated line fitting, (iii) indirect hard modelling (IHM) and (iv) partial least squares regression (PLS-R). To assess the potential of these evaluation strategies for MR-NMR, prediction results are compared with the line fitting data derived from the quantitative HR-NMR spectroscopy. Although, superior results are obtained from both IHM and PLS-R for (1) H MR-NMR, especially the latter demands for elaborate data pretreatment, whereas IHM models needed no previous alignment. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25854892

  6. [sup 1]H([ital d],2[ital p])[ital n] reaction at 2 GeV deuteron energy

    SciTech Connect

    Erohuml, J.; Fodor, Z.; Koncz, P.; Seres, Z. ); Perdrisat, C.F.; Punjabi, V. ); Boudard, A.; Bonin, B.; Garcon, M.; Lombard, R.; Mayer, B.; Terrien, Y.; Tomasi, E. ); Boivin, M.; Yonnet, J. ); Bhang, H.C.; Youn, M. ); Belostotsky, S.L.; Grebenuk, O.G.; Nikulin, V.N.; Kudin, L.G. )

    1994-12-01

    The [sup 1]H([ital d],2[ital p])[ital n] deuteron breakup reaction was measured at 2 GeV deuteron energy in a kinematically complete experiment. Fivefold differential cross sections are given in a wide range of kinematical variables and analyzed in terms of impulse approximation and [ital NN] rescattering. The deuteron momentum density was determined and deviations were found depending on the value of the four-momentum transfer [vert bar][ital t][vert bar] in the scattering process. At low [vert bar][ital t][vert bar] the momentum densities are in good agreement with the impulse approximation whereas large discrepancies were found above [ital q][approx]200 MeV/[ital c] when the four-momentum transfer was large. Various possible origins of the anomalous behavior at high [ital q] values are discussed.

  7. One-pot synthesis of 1H-isochromenes and 1,2-dihydroisoquinolines by a sequential isocyanide-based multicomponent/Wittig reaction.

    PubMed

    Wang, Long; Guan, Zhi-Rong; Ding, Ming-Wu

    2016-02-16

    A one-pot synthesis of 1H-isochromenes and 1,2-dihydroisoquinolines by a I-MCR/Wittig sequence was developed. The reaction of phosphonium salt , an acid, an amine (or without), and an isocyanide gave the 1H-isochromenes or 1,2-dihydroisoquinolines in good yields by a sequential Passerini or Ugi condensation and an intramolecular Wittig reaction in the presence of K2CO3. PMID:26810599

  8. FT-IR, Laser-Raman spectra and quantum chemical calculations of methyl 4-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxylate-A DFT approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sert, Yusuf; Sreenivasa, S.; Doğan, H.; Manojkumar, K. E.; Suchetan, P. A.; Ucun, Fatih

    2014-06-01

    In this study the experimental and theoretical vibrational frequencies of a newly synthesized anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory agent namely, methyl 4-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxylate have been investigated. The experimental FT-IR (4000-400 cm-1) and Laser-Raman spectra (4000-100 cm-1) of the molecule in solid phase have been recorded. The theoretical vibrational frequencies and optimized geometric parameters (bond lengths, bond angles and torsion angles) have been calculated using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP: Becke, 3-parameter, Lee-Yang-Parr and DFT/M06-2X: highly parameterized, empirical exchange correlation function) with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set by Gaussian 03 software, for the first time. The assignments of the vibrational frequencies have been done by potential energy distribution (PED) analysis using VEDA 4 software. The theoretical optimized geometric parameters and vibrational frequencies have been found to be in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data and results in the literature. In addition, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy, the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy and the other related molecular energy values of the compound have been investigated using the same theoretical calculations.

  9. The CIELO Collaboration: Neutron Reactions on 1H, 16O, 56Fe, 235,238U, and 239Pu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chadwick, M. B.; Dupont, E.; Bauge, E.; Blokhin, A.; Bouland, O.; Brown, D. A.; Capote, R.; Carlson, A.; Danon, Y.; De Saint Jean, C.; Dunn, M.; Fischer, U.; Forrest, R. A.; Frankle, S. C.; Fukahori, T.; Ge, Z.; Grimes, S. M.; Hale, G. M.; Herman, M.; Ignatyuk, A.; Ishikawa, M.; Iwamoto, N.; Iwamoto, O.; Jandel, M.; Jacqmin, R.; Kawano, T.; Kunieda, S.; Kahler, A.; Kiedrowski, B.; Kodeli, I.; Koning, A. J.; Leal, L.; Lee, Y. O.; Lestone, J. P.; Lubitz, C.; MacInnes, M.; McNabb, D.; McKnight, R.; Moxon, M.; Mughabghab, S.; Noguere, G.; Palmiotti, G.; Plompen, A.; Pritychenko, B.; Pronyaev, V.; Rochman, D.; Romain, P.; Roubtsov, D.; Schillebeeckx, P.; Salvatores, M.; Simakov, S.; Soukhovitskiı˜, E. Sh.; Sublet, J. C.; Talou, P.; Thompson, I.; Trkov, A.; Vogt, R.; van der Marck, S.

    2014-04-01

    CIELO (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organization) provides a new working paradigm to facilitate evaluated nuclear reaction data advances. It brings together experts from across the international nuclear reaction data community to identify and document discrepancies among existing evaluated data libraries, measured data, and model calculation interpretations, and aims to make progress in reconciling these discrepancies to create more accurate ENDF-formatted files. The focus will initially be on a small number of the highest-priority isotopes, namely 1H, 16O, 56Fe, 235,238U, and 239Pu. This paper identifies discrepancies between various evaluations of the highest priority isotopes, and was commissioned by the OECD's Nuclear Energy Agency WPEC (Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation) during a meeting held in May 2012. The evaluated data for these materials in the existing nuclear data libraries - ENDF/B-VII.1, JEFF-3.1, JENDL-4.0, CENDL-3.1, ROSFOND, IRDFF 1.0 - are reviewed, discrepancies are identified, and some integral properties are given. The paper summarizes a program of nuclear science and computational work needed to create the new CIELO nuclear data evaluations.

  10. Conformational analysis, spectroscopic study (FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV, 1H and 13C NMR), molecular orbital energy and NLO properties of 5-iodosalicylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaca, Caglar; Atac, Ahmet; Karabacak, Mehmet

    2015-02-01

    In this study, 5-iodosalicylic acid (5-ISA, C7H5IO3) is structurally characterized by FT-IR, FT-Raman, NMR and UV spectroscopies. There are eight conformers, Cn, n = 1-8 for this molecule therefore the molecular geometry for these eight conformers in the ground state are calculated by using the ab-initio density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP method approach with the aug-cc-pVDZ-PP basis set for iodine and the aug-cc-pVDZ basis set for the other elements. The computational results identified that the most stable conformer of 5-ISA is the C1 form. The vibrational spectra are calculated DFT method invoking the same basis sets and fundamental vibrations are assigned on the basis of the total energy distribution (TED) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanics (SQM) method with PQS program. Total density of state (TDOS) and partial density of state (PDOS) and also overlap population density of state (COOP or OPDOS) diagrams analysis for C1 conformer were calculated using the same method. The energy and oscillator strength are calculated by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) results complement with the experimental findings. Besides, charge transfer occurring in the molecule between HOMO and LUMO energies, frontier energy gap, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) are calculated and presented. The NMR chemical shifts (1H and 13C) spectra are recorded and calculated using the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) method. Mulliken atomic charges of the title molecule are also calculated, interpreted and compared with salicylic acid. The optimized bond lengths, bond angles and calculated NMR and UV, vibrational wavenumbers showed the best agreement with the experimental results.

  11. Trypsin-catalyzed tandem reaction: one-pot synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones by in situ formed acetaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Xie, Zong-Bo; Wang, Na; Wu, Wan-Xia; Le, Zhang-Gao; Yu, Xiao-Qi

    2014-01-20

    A simple, mild, one-pot tandem method catalyzed by trypsin was developed for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones by the Biginelli reaction of urea, β-dicarbonyl compounds, and in situ-formed acetaldehyde. Trypsin was found to display dual promiscuous functions to catalyze transesterification and the Biginelli reaction in sequence. PMID:24275562

  12. Synthesis of 3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-ones via microwave-activated inverse electron-demand Diels–Alder reactions

    PubMed Central

    Fadel, Salah; Hajbi, Youssef; Khouili, Mostafa; Lazar, Said

    2014-01-01

    Summary Substituted 3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-ones have been synthesized with the inverse electron-demand Diels–Alder reaction from 1,2,4-triazines bearing an acylamino group with a terminal alkyne side chain. Alkynes were first subjected to the Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction with aryl halides, the product of which then underwent an intramolecular inverse electron-demand Diels–Alder reaction to yield 5-aryl-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-ones by an efficient synthetic route. PMID:24605148

  13. Simultaneous Analysis of Major Coenzymes of Cellular Redox Reactions and Energy Using ex Vivo (1)H NMR Spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Nagana Gowda, G A; Abell, Lauren; Lee, Chi Fung; Tian, Rong; Raftery, Daniel

    2016-05-01

    Coenzymes of cellular redox reactions and cellular energy mediate biochemical reactions fundamental to the functioning of all living cells. Despite their immense interest, no simple method exists to gain insights into their cellular concentrations in a single step. We show that a simple (1)H NMR experiment can simultaneously measure oxidized and reduced forms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+) and NADH), oxidized and reduced forms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(+) and NADPH), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its precursors, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine monophosphate (AMP), using mouse heart, kidney, brain, liver, and skeletal muscle tissue extracts as examples. Combining 1D/2D NMR experiments, chemical shift libraries, and authentic compound data, reliable peak identities for these coenzymes have been established. To assess this methodology, cardiac NADH and NAD(+) ratios/pool sizes were measured using mouse models with a cardiac-specific knockout of the mitochondrial Complex I Ndufs4 gene (cKO) and cardiac-specific overexpression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (cNAMPT) as examples. Sensitivity of NAD(+) and NADH to cKO or cNAMPT was observed, as anticipated. Time-dependent investigations showed that the levels of NADH and NADPH diminish by up to ∼50% within 24 h; concomitantly, NAD(+) and NADP(+) increase proportionately; however, degassing the sample and flushing the sample tubes with helium gas halted such changes. The analysis protocol along with the annotated characteristic fingerprints for each coenzyme is provided for easy identification and absolute quantification using a single internal reference for routine use. The ability to visualize the ubiquitous coenzymes fundamental to cellular functions, simultaneously and reliably, offers a new avenue to interrogate the mechanistic details of cellular function in health and disease. PMID:27043450

  14. Simultaneous Analysis of Major Coenzymes of Cellular Redox Reactions and Energy Using ex Vivo 1H NMR Spectroscopy

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Coenzymes of cellular redox reactions and cellular energy mediate biochemical reactions fundamental to the functioning of all living cells. Despite their immense interest, no simple method exists to gain insights into their cellular concentrations in a single step. We show that a simple 1H NMR experiment can simultaneously measure oxidized and reduced forms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ and NADH), oxidized and reduced forms of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+ and NADPH), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its precursors, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine monophosphate (AMP), using mouse heart, kidney, brain, liver, and skeletal muscle tissue extracts as examples. Combining 1D/2D NMR experiments, chemical shift libraries, and authentic compound data, reliable peak identities for these coenzymes have been established. To assess this methodology, cardiac NADH and NAD+ ratios/pool sizes were measured using mouse models with a cardiac-specific knockout of the mitochondrial Complex I Ndufs4 gene (cKO) and cardiac-specific overexpression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (cNAMPT) as examples. Sensitivity of NAD+ and NADH to cKO or cNAMPT was observed, as anticipated. Time-dependent investigations showed that the levels of NADH and NADPH diminish by up to ∼50% within 24 h; concomitantly, NAD+ and NADP+ increase proportionately; however, degassing the sample and flushing the sample tubes with helium gas halted such changes. The analysis protocol along with the annotated characteristic fingerprints for each coenzyme is provided for easy identification and absolute quantification using a single internal reference for routine use. The ability to visualize the ubiquitous coenzymes fundamental to cellular functions, simultaneously and reliably, offers a new avenue to interrogate the mechanistic details of cellular function in health and disease. PMID:27043450

  15. Determination of effective resonance energy for the 193Ir(n,γ)194Ir reaction by the cadmium ratio method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Budak, Mustafa Guray; Karadag, Mustafa; Yücel, Haluk

    2016-04-01

    In this work, the effective resonance energy, Ebarr -value for the 193Ir(n,γ)194Ir reaction was measured using cadmium ratio method. A dual monitor (197Au-98Mo), which has convenient resonance properties, was employed for characterization of the irradiation sites. Then analytical grade iridium oxide samples diluted with CaCO3 to lower neutron self-shielding effect stacked in small cylindrical Teflon boxes were irradiated once with a 1 mm thick Cd cylindrical box placed in a thermalized neutron field of an 241Am-Be neutron source then without it. The activities produced in samples during 193Ir(n,γ)194Ir reaction were measured using a p-type HPGe detector γ-ray spectrometer with a 44.8% relative efficiency. The correction factors for thermal, epithermal neutron self-shielding (Gth, Gepi), true coincidence summing (Fcoi) and gamma-ray self-absorption (Fs) effects were determined with appropriate approaches and programs. Thus, the experimental Ebarr -value was determined to be 2.65 ± 0.61 eV for 193Ir target nuclide. The recent data for Q0 and FCd values for Ebarr determination were based on k0-NAA online database. The present experimental Ebarr value was calculated and compared with more recent values for Q0 and FCd for 193Ir. Additionally, the Ebarr -values was theoretically calculated from the up-to-date resonance data obtained from ENDF/B VII library using two different approaches. Since there is no experimentally determined Ebarr -value for the 193Ir isotope, the results are compared with the calculated ones given in the literature.

  16. Organocatalytic asymmetric Henry reaction of 1H-pyrrole-2,3-diones with bifunctional amine-thiourea catalysts bearing multiple hydrogen-bond donors

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Ming-Liang; Yue, Deng-Feng; Wang, Zhen-Hua; Luo, Yuan; Zhang, Xiao-Mei

    2016-01-01

    Summary For the first time, a catalytic asymmetric Henry reaction of 1H-pyrrole-2,3-diones was achieved with a chiral bifunctional amine-thiourea as a catalyst possessing multiple hydrogen-bond donors. With this developed method, a range of 3-hydroxy-3-nitromethyl-1H-pyrrol-2(3H)-ones bearing quaternary stereocenters were obtained in acceptable yield (up to 75%) and enantioselectivity (up to 73% ee). PMID:26977188

  17. Organocatalytic asymmetric Henry reaction of 1H-pyrrole-2,3-diones with bifunctional amine-thiourea catalysts bearing multiple hydrogen-bond donors.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ming-Liang; Yue, Deng-Feng; Wang, Zhen-Hua; Luo, Yuan; Xu, Xiao-Ying; Zhang, Xiao-Mei; Yuan, Wei-Cheng

    2016-01-01

    For the first time, a catalytic asymmetric Henry reaction of 1H-pyrrole-2,3-diones was achieved with a chiral bifunctional amine-thiourea as a catalyst possessing multiple hydrogen-bond donors. With this developed method, a range of 3-hydroxy-3-nitromethyl-1H-pyrrol-2(3H)-ones bearing quaternary stereocenters were obtained in acceptable yield (up to 75%) and enantioselectivity (up to 73% ee). PMID:26977188

  18. Direct access to pyrido/pyrrolo[2,1-b]quinazolin-9(1H)-ones through silver-mediated intramolecular alkyne hydroamination reactions

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Hengshuai; Jiao, Shengchao; Chen, Kerong; Zhang, Xu; Zhao, Linxiang; Liu, Dan; Liu, Hong

    2015-01-01

    Summary We report a synthetic methodology for the construction of the fused heterocyclic compounds pyrido[2,1-b]quinazolin-9(1H)-ones and pyrrolo[2,1-b]quinazolin-9(1H)-ones through an AgOTf-catalyzed intramolecular alkyne hydroamination reaction. The methodology is applicable to a wide scope of substrates and produces a series of fused quinazolinone heterocycles in good to excellent yields. PMID:25977715

  19. Regioselective aromatic substitution reactions of cyclometalated Ir(III) complexes: synthesis and photochemical properties of substituted Ir(III) complexes that exhibit blue, green, and red color luminescence emission.

    PubMed

    Aoki, Shin; Matsuo, Yasuki; Ogura, Shiori; Ohwada, Hiroki; Hisamatsu, Yosuke; Moromizato, Shinsuke; Shiro, Motoo; Kitamura, Masanori

    2011-02-01

    In this manuscript, the regioselective halogenation, nitration, formylation, and acylation of Ir(tpy)(3) and Ir(ppy)(3) (tpy = 2-(4'-tolyl)pyridine and ppy = 2-phenylpyridine) and the subsequent conversions are described. During attempted bromination of the three methyl groups in fac-Ir(tpy)(3) using N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) and benzoyl peroxide (BPO), three protons at the 5'-position (p-position with respect to the C-Ir bond) of phenyl rings in tpy units were substituted by Br, as confirmed by (1)H NMR spectra, mass spectra, and X-ray crystal structure analysis. It is suggested that such substitution reactions of Ir complexes proceed via an ionic mechanism rather than a radical mechanism. UV-vis and luminescence spectra of the substituted Ir(III) complexes are reported. The introduction of electron-withdrawing groups such as CN and CHO groups at the 5'-position of tpy induces a blue shift of luminescence emission to about 480 nm, and the introduction of electron-donating groups such as an amino group results in a red shift to about 600 nm. A reversible change of emission for the 5'-amino derivative of Ir(tpy)(3), Ir(atpy)(3), between red and green occurs upon protonation and deprotonation. PMID:21214169

  20. Communication: Enhanced oxygen reduction reaction and its underlying mechanism in Pd-Ir-Co trimetallic alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Ham, Hyung Chul; Hwang, Gyeong S.; Manogaran, Dhivya; Lee, Kang Hee; Jin, Seon-ah; You, Dae Jong; Pak, Chanho; Kwon, Kyungjung

    2013-11-28

    Based on a combined density functional theory and experimental study, we present that the electrochemical activity of Pd{sub 3}Co alloy catalysts toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) can be enhanced by adding a small amount of Ir. While Ir tends to favorably exist in the subsurface layers, the underlying Ir atoms are found to cause a substantial modification in the surface electronic structure. As a consequence, we find that the activation barriers of O/OH hydrogenation reactions are noticeably lowered, which would be mainly responsible for the enhanced ORR activity. Furthermore, our study suggests that the presence of Ir in the near-surface region can suppress Co out-diffusion from the Pd{sub 3}Co substrate, thereby improving the durability of Pd-Ir-Co catalysts. We also discuss the relative roles played by Ir and Co in enhancing the ORR activity relative to monometallic Pd catalysts.

  1. Kinematically incomplete breakup reaction /sup 1/H(vector d,p)pn at 16 MeV

    SciTech Connect

    Ohlsen, G.G.; Correll, F.D.; Brown, R.E.; Jarmie, N.; Hardekopf, R.A.

    1980-12-01

    Angular distributions of the differential cross section sigma(E*,theta/sub 1//sup l/) and of the vector and tensor analyzing powers A/sub y/(E*,theta/sub 1//sup l/), A/sub xz/(E*,theta/sub 1//sup l/), A/sub xx/(E*,theta/sub 1//sup l/), A/sub yy/(E*,theta/sub 1//sup l/) for the 3-nucleon breakup reaction /sup 1/H(vector d,p)pn were measured for a deuteron bombarding energy of 16.0 MeV. The data are reported as functions of the excitation energy E* in the pn system and of the laboratory angle theta/sub 1//sup l/. Laboratory angles between 15 and 42.5/sup 0/ were studied. The excitation energy range varies from 0 to 2.6 MeV at 15/sup 0/ to 0 to 0.2 MeV at 42.5/sup 0/. An excitation energy range (bin) of 0.2 MeV, which corresponds to laboratory energy bins from 0.3 to 0.4 MeV, was used to partition the proton continua. The experimental laboratory energy resolution is about 0.15 MeV. Large effects are seen in the tensor analyzing powers, particularly in A/sub xz/, at the lowest excitation energies. Except for A/sub yy/, there is no similarity of the observed analyzing powers to the corresponding elastic-scattering analyzing powers. Some data for A/sub xz/(E*,theta/sub 1//sup l/) at other energies are also presented. 11 figures, 6 tables.

  2. Separation of the longitudinal and transverse cross sections in the {sup 1}H(e,e{prime} K{sup +}){Lambda} and {sup 1}H(e,e{prime} K{sup +}){Sigma}{sup 0} reactions

    SciTech Connect

    R.M. Mohring; David Abbott; Abdellah Ahmidouch; Thomas Amatuni; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Tatiana Angelescu; Christopher Armstrong; John Arrington; Ketevi Assamagan; Steven Avery; Kevin Bailey; Kevin Beard; S Beedoe; Elizabeth Beise; Herbert Breuer; Roger Carlini; Jinseok Cha; C. Chang; Nicholas Chant; Evaristo Cisbani; Glenn Collins; William Cummings; Samuel Danagoulian; Raffaele De Leo; Fraser Duncan; James Dunne; Dipangkar Dutta; T Eden; Rolf Ent; Laurent Eyraud; Lars Ewell; John Finn; H. Terry Fortune; Valera Frolov; Salvatore Frullani; Christophe Furget; Franco Garibaldi; David Gaskell; Donald Geesaman; Paul Gueye; Kenneth Gustafsson; Jens-Ole Hansen; Mark Harvey; Wendy Hinton; Ed Hungerford; Mauro Iodice; Ceasar Jackson; Cynthia Keppel; Wooyoung Kim; Kouichi Kino; Douglas Koltenuk; Serge Kox; Laird Kramer; Antonio Leone; Allison Lung; David Mack; Richard Madey; M Maeda; Stanislaw Majewski; Pete Markowitz; T Mart; C Martoff; David Meekins; A. Mihul; Joseph Mitchell; Hamlet Mkrtchyan; Sekazi Mtingwa; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; R. Perrino; David Potterveld; John Price; Brian Raue; Jean Sebastien Real; Joerg Reinhold; Philip Roos; Teijiro Saito; Geoff Savage; Reyad Sawafta; Ralph Segel; Stepan Stepanyan; Paul Stoler; Vardan Tadevosyan; Liguang Tang; Liliana Teodorescu; Tatsuo Terasawa; Hiroaki Tsubota; Guido Urciuoli; Jochen Volmer; William Vulcan; T. Welch; Robert Williams; Stephen Wood; Chen Yan; Benjamin Zeidman

    2003-05-19

    We report measurements of cross sections for the reaction {sup 1}H(e,e{prime} K{sup +})Y, for both the {Lambda} and {Sigma}{sup 0} hyperon states, at an invariant mass of W = 1.84 GeV and four-momentum transfers 0.5 < Q{sup 2} < 2 (GeV/c){sup 2}. Data were taken for three values of virtual photon polarization {epsilon}, allowing the decomposition of the cross sections into longitudinal and transverse components. The {Lambda} data are a revised analysis of prior work, whereas the {Sigma}{sup 0} results have not been previously reported.

  3. Ir-Cu nanoframes: one-pot synthesis and efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction.

    PubMed

    Pei, Jiajing; Mao, Junjie; Liang, Xin; Chen, Chen; Peng, Qing; Wang, Dingsheng; Li, Yadong

    2016-02-25

    Herein, we achieved successful synthesis of uniform Ir-Cu nanoframes with highly open structures by a facile one-pot strategy. The key to obtain alloy nanoframes was the careful control over the reduction and galvanic replacement reactions between different metals. The as-prepared Ir-Cu was proved to be an effective template for constructing trimetallic nanoframes. Furthermore, these highly open nanostructures exhibited excellent electrocatalytic performance toward oxygen evolution reaction in alkaline media. PMID:26864283

  4. BIGINELLI REACTION IN AQUEOUS MEDIUM: A GREENER AND SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TO SUBSTITUTED 3,4-DIHYDROPYRIMIDIN-2(1H)-ONES

    EPA Science Inventory

    An environmentally benign aqueous Biginelli protocol for the synthesis of substituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using polystyrenesulfonic acid (PSSA) as a catalyst has been achieved. These microwave-assisted reactions proceed efficiently in water in the absence of organic s...

  5. Biocatalysts for multicomponent Biginelli reaction: bovine serum albumin triggered waste-free synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Upendra K; Sharma, Nandini; Kumar, Rajesh; Sinha, Arun K

    2013-03-01

    Bovine serum albumin (BSA) promoted simple and efficient one-pot procedure was developed for the direct synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones including potent mitotic kinesin Eg5 inhibitor monastrol under mild reaction conditions. The catalyst recyclability and gram scale synthesis have also been demonstrated to enhance the practical utility of process. PMID:23247925

  6. Ion-pair charge transfer complex with near-IR absorption: Synthesis, crystal structure and properties of [Hb] 2[Cu(mnt) 2] (Hb = 1-(4-((1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl)benzyl)-1H-imidazol-3-ium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kishore, Ravada; Tripuramallu, Bharat Kumar; Durgaprasad, Gummadi; Das, Samar K.

    2011-03-01

    The compound [Hb] 2[Cu(mnt) 2] ( 1) [Hb = 1-(4-((1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl)benzyl)-1H-imidazol-3-ium] has been synthesized, starting from 1,4-bis((1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl)benzene, cupric chloride, and Na 2mnt in methanol. Compound 1 crystallizes in monoclinic system with C2/ c space group. In the crystal structure, the interactions between cations and anions via bifurcated C sbnd H···(NC-mnt) 2 hydrogen bonds give rise to a two dimensional supramolecular network. It has also been observed that two cation moieties (Hb) are attached together by a very short C sbnd H···N hydrogen bonding interaction with H···N distance of 1.74 Å, ∠CHN bond angle of 174.9°. Compound 1 is additionally characterized by cyclic voltammetry, UV-Vis, IR, 1H NMR and EPR spectroscopy. The ion-pair compound 1 shows an intense absorption in the near-IR region at ˜1214 nm which has been described as a charge transfer band from HOMO of the copper dithiolate anion [Cu(mnt) 2] 2-, to LUMO of the [Hb] + cation. The title compound exhibits an oxidative response at +0.46 V vs. Ag/AgCl and a reductive event at -0.67 V vs. Ag/AgCl.

  7. Experimental (FT-IR, FT-Raman and UV-Vis spectra) and density functional theory calculations of diethyl 1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Udaya Sri, N.; Chaitanya, Kadali; Prasad, M. V. S.; Veeraiah, V.; Veeraiah, A.

    2012-07-01

    The vibrational and electronic spectra of diethyl 1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylate (DE1H35DC) are reported and discussed. In this work the structural properties and vibrational frequencies of diethyl 1H-pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylate have been investigated extensively using density functional theory (DFT) employing B3LYP exchange correlation with the normal basis level 6-31G(d,p). The first hyperpolarizabilities and electric dipole moments of the said molecule have been computed using quantum mechanical calculations. NBO and HOMO, LUMO analysis has been carried out. The geometries and normal modes of vibrations obtained from B3LYP calculations are in good agreement with the experimentally observed data.

  8. Synthesis of a Nanostructured Composite: Octakis(1-propyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl(methyl 2-chlorobenzoate))octasilsesquioxane via Click Reaction.

    PubMed

    Ghodsi, Mohammadi Ziarani; Shakiba Nahad, Monireh; Lashgari, Negar; Alireza, Badiei

    2015-01-01

    Octakis(1-propyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl(methyl 2-chlorobenzoate))octasilsesquioxanes as functionalized silsesquioxanes were synthesized via click reaction (copper-catalyzed Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction) between azidemoiety functionalized silsesquioxane and prop-2-ynyl 2-chlorobenzoate. The latter one was synthesized via the condensation reaction of propargyl alcohol and 2-chlorobenzoyl chloride in the presence of SBA-Pr-NH(2) (Santa Barbara Amorphous type material) as a nano basic catalyst. This approach provides a simple and convenient route to efficiently functionalize a wide range of new structures on the surface of silsesquioxanes. PMID:26454606

  9. Calix[8]arene Sulfonic Acid Catalyzed Three-Component Reaction for Convenient Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones under Ultrasonic Irradiation.

    PubMed

    An, Lin; Han, Li-Li; Wang, Zu-Jian; Huang, Tong-Hui; Zhu, Hui-Dong

    2016-02-01

    In this work, the catalytic activity of calix[8]arene sulfonic acid was successfully investigated for the famous Biginelli reaction. Under ultrasonic irradiation, calix[8]arene sulfonic acid could efficiently catalyzed the three-component reaction of aldehydes with ethyl acetoacetate and urea or thiourea in ethanol to afford the corresponding 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones in 46-93%. The advantages of this method are the easy isolated procedure, short reaction time and low cost of the catalyst. PMID:26632211

  10. Determination of the time course of an enzymatic reaction by 1H NMR spectroscopy: hydroxynitrile lyase catalysed transhydrocyanation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hickel, A.; Gradnig, G.; Griengl, H.; Schall, M.; Sterk, H.

    1996-01-01

    The time course of the enzyme catalysed transhydrocyanation of benzaldehyde to give ( S)-mandelonitrile was investigated using a hydroxynitrile lyase from Hevea brasiliensis as catalyst and acetone cyanohydrin as cyanide donor. Employing special techniques it was possible to apply 1H NMR spectroscopy in aqueous medium to monitor the concentration changes of all substrates and products. By this technique strong evidence for inhibition of the enzyme at higher substrate concentrations was obtained.

  11. Synthesis of o-(Dimethylamino)aryl Ketones, Acridones, Acridinium Salts, and 1H-Indazoles by the Reaction of Hydrazones and Arynes

    PubMed Central

    Dubrovskiy, Anton V.; Larock, Richard C.

    2012-01-01

    A novel, efficient route to biologically and pharmaceutically important o-(dimethylamino)aryl ketones, acridones, acridinium salts, and 1H-indazoles has been developed starting from readily available hydrazones of aldehydes and o-(trimethylsilyl)aryl triflates. The reaction proceeds through arynes under mild conditions, tolerates a wide range of functional groups, and provides the final products in good to excellent yields. PMID:23206164

  12. Three Component Reaction: An Efficient Synthesis and Reactions of 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-Ones and Thiones Using New Natural Catalyst

    PubMed Central

    Elmaghraby, A. M.; Mousa, I. A.; Harb, A. A.; Mahgoub, M. Y.

    2013-01-01

    Synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one and 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-thione derivatives from aldehydes, 1,3-dicarbonyl derivatives and urea or thiourea using granite and quartz as new, natural and reusable catalysts. Some of the 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-thione derivatives were used to prepare new heterocyclic compounds. The antimicrobial activity of selected examples of the synthesized compounds was tested and showed moderate activity. PMID:24052868

  13. Effective Strategy for Conformer-Selective Detection of Short-Lived Excited State Species: Application to the IR Spectroscopy of the N1H Keto Tautomer of Guanine.

    PubMed

    Asami, Hiroya; Tokugawa, Munefumi; Masaki, Yoshiaki; Ishiuchi, Shun-Ichi; Gloaguen, Eric; Seio, Kohji; Saigusa, Hiroyuki; Fujii, Masaaki; Sekine, Mitsuo; Mons, Michel

    2016-04-14

    The ultrafast deactivation processes in the excited state of biomolecules, such as the most stable tautomers of guanine, forbid any state-of-the-art gas phase spectroscopic studies on these species with nanosecond lasers. This drawback can be overcome by grafting a chromophore having a long-lived excited state to the molecule of interest, allowing thus a mass-selective detection by nanosecond R2PI and therefore double resonance IR/UV conformer-selective spectroscopic studies. The principle is presently demonstrated on the keto form of a modified 9-methylguanine, for which the IR/UV double resonance spectrum in the C═O stretch region, reported for the first time, provides evidence for extensive vibrational couplings within the guanine moiety. Such a successful strategy opens up a route to mass-selective IR/UV spectroscopic investigations on molecules exhibiting natural chromophores having ultrashort-lived excited states, such as DNA bases, their complexes as well as peptides containing short-lived aromatic residues. PMID:26990184

  14. Vector and tensor analyzing powers of the {sup 1}H (d(vector sign),{gamma}){sup 3}He capture reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Klechneva, T.; Carasco, C.; Hauger, M.; Jourdan, J.; Krusche, B.; Muehry, H.; Normand, Ch.; Rohe, D.; Sick, I.; Testa, G.; Warren, G.; Woehrle, H.; Zeier, M.; Goussev, I.; Seliverstov, D.

    2006-03-15

    Precise measurements of the deuteron vector analyzing power A{sub y}{sup d} and the tensor analyzing power A{sub yy} of the {sup 1}H (d(vector sign),{gamma}){sup 3}He capture reaction have been performed at deuteron energies of 29 MeV and 45 MeV. The data have been compared to theoretical state-of-the-art calculations available today. Due to the large sensitivity of polarization observables and the precision of the data light could be shed on small effects present in the dynamics of the reaction.

  15. Probing the Reaction Pathway of Dehydrogenation of the LiNH2 + LiH Mixture Using In Situ 1H NMR Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, Jian Zhi; Kwak, Ja Hun; Yang, Zhenguo; osborn, william; Markmaitree, Tippawan; Shaw, Leonard D.

    2008-06-15

    Using variable temperature in situ 1H NMR spectroscopy on a mixture of LiNH2 + LiH that was mechanically activated using high energy ball milling, the dehydrogenation of the LiNH2 + LiH to Li2NH + H2 was investigated. The analysis indicates NH3 release at a temperature as low as 300C and rapid reaction between NH3 and LiH at ~ 1500C. The transition from NH3 release to H2 appearance accompanied by disappearance of NH3 confirms unambiguously the two-step elementary reaction pathway proposed by other workers.

  16. Flexible strategy for differentially 3,5-disubstituted 4-oxypyridin-2(1H)-ones based on site-selective Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions.

    PubMed

    Conreaux, David; Bossharth, Emmanuel; Monteiro, Nuno; Desbordes, Philippe; Vors, Jean-Pierre; Balme, Geneviève

    2007-01-18

    3,5-Dihalogeno-4-methoxy-N-methylpyridin-2(1H)-ones have been shown to undergo single Suzuki coupling reactions in a site-selective fashion. Monoarylations occur at the C-5 position preferentially, thus leaving the remaining C-3 halide free for further functionalization, to finally access differentially 3,5-disubstituted 2-pyridones. This two-step strategy has been applied to the elaboration of the 3-acyl-5-aryl-4-oxy-2-pyridone subunit that is prevalent in numerous bioactive natural products. [reaction: see text]. PMID:17217282

  17. Mass of {sup 11}Li from the {sup 1}H({sup 11}Li,{sup 9}Li){sup 3}H reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Roger, T.; Savajols, H.; Mittig, W.; Caamano, M.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Tanihata, I.; Alcorta, M.; Bandyopadhyay, D.; Bieri, R.; Buchmann, L.; Davids, B.; Galinski, N.; Howell, D.; Mills, W.; Mythili, S.; Openshaw, R.; Padilla-Rodal, E.; Ruprecht, G.; Sheffer, G.; Shotter, A. C.

    2009-03-15

    The mass of {sup 11}Li has been determined from Q-value measurements of the {sup 1}H({sup 11}Li,{sup 9}Li){sup 3}H reaction. The experiment was performed at TRIUMF laboratory with the GANIL active target MAYA. Energy-energy and angle-angle kinematics reconstruction give a Q value of 8.119(22) MeV for the reaction. The derived {sup 11}Li two-neutron separation energy is S{sub 2n}=363(22) keV.

  18. IR Spectroscopy Method for Determining The Reactivity of Isocyanate Groups in Isophorone Diisocyanate Reactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dzalmukhanova, A. S.; Lodygina, V. P.; Komratova, V. V.; Karpov, S. V.; Malkov, G. V.; Badamshina, E. R.

    2015-03-01

    We have developed a fast IR spectroscopy method for determining the concentrations of cycloaliphatic and aliphatic isocyanate groups in isophorone diisocyanate that react to form urethanes. It is based on the experimentally established fact that there is a difference between the frequencies of the stretching vibrations for the N-H bond in urethanes formed by cycloaliphatic and aliphatic isocyanate groups in isophorone diisocyanate, when the IR spectra are recorded for dilute solutions of the reaction mixture in carbon tetrachloride. The method can be used to determine the reactivity of isocyanate groups in different reactions involving isophorone diisocyanate.

  19. The spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, l3C, 1H NMR and UV) and NBO analyses of 4-bromo-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vitnik, Vesna D.; Vitnik, Željko J.

    2015-03-01

    In this work, we will report a combined experimental and theoretical study on molecular and vibrational structure of 4-bromo-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid (BEPA). BEPA has been characterized by FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and UV spectroscopy. The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of BEPA were recorded in the solid phase. The optimized geometry was calculated by B3LYP and M06-2X methods using 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of BEPA were calculated at the same level and were interpreted in terms of Potential Energy Distribution (PED) analysis. The scaled theoretical wavenumber showed very good agreement with the experimental values. The 1H and l3C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts of the molecule were calculated by the Gauge-Independent Atomic Orbital (GIAO) method. Stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugative interactions and charge delocalization has been analyzed using Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis. Density plots over the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (LUMO) energy surface directly identifies the donor and acceptor atoms in the molecule. It also provides information about the charge transfer within the molecule. To obtain chemical reactivity of the molecule, the molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surface map is plotted over the optimized geometry of the molecule.

  20. IR, VCD, 1H and 13C NMR experimental and theoretical studies of a natural guaianolide: Unambiguous determination of its absolute configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bercion, Sylvie; Buffeteau, Thierry; Lespade, Laure; Martin, Marie-Anna Couppe deK.

    2006-06-01

    7,10-Epoxy -1,5-guaia-3, 11-dien-8, 12-olide has been isolated from dried leaves of Hedyosmum arborescens Swartz. The structure, vibrational frequencies, infrared and VCD intensities, NMR 1H and 13C spectra have been calculated by the density functional theory (DFT) method at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) levels for four stereoisomers of this natural guaianolide. This study shows that the comparison of the experimental and calculated 1H and 13C NMR spectra allows the determination of the most favorable diastereoisomers but is not sufficient to access to the absolute configuration of the 7,10-epoxy guaianolide since the two remaining enantiomers possess the same NMR spectra. The absolute configuration of this natural compound can be unambiguously established only by the comparison of the calculated and experimental VCD spectra. Indeed, a very good agreement between experimental and theoretical VCD spectra was obtained in the mid-infrared range for the 7 S, 10 R-epoxy-1 R,5 R-guaia-3,11-dien-8 S,12-olide stereoisomer.

  1. Synthesis, structural, spectral (FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR and UV-Vis), NBO and first order hyperpolarizability analysis of N-(4-nitrophenyl)-2, 2-dibenzoylacetamide by density functional theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yal?n, ?erife P?nar; Ceylan, mit; Sar?o?lu, Ahmet Oral; Snmez, Mehmet; Aygn, Muhittin

    2015-10-01

    The title compound, C22H16N2O5, was synthesized and characterized by experimental techniques (FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis and X-Ray single crystal determination) and theoretical calculations. The molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), thermodynamic properties, the dipole moments, HOMO-LUMO energy has been calculated by using the Density Functional Theory (DFT) method with 6-311G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts show good agreement with experimental values. According to calculated results, the 6-311G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets have showed similar results. The optimized geometry can well reproduce the crystal structure parameters.

  2. Spectroscopic characteristic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV, 1H and 13C NMR), theoretical calculations and biological activity of alkali metal homovanillates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samsonowicz, M.; Kowczyk-Sadowy, M.; Piekut, J.; Regulska, E.; Lewandowski, W.

    2016-04-01

    The structural and vibrational properties of lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium homovanillates were investigated in this paper. Supplementary molecular spectroscopic methods such as: FT-IR, FT-Raman in the solid phase, UV and NMR were applied. The geometrical parameters and energies were obtained from density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP method with 6-311++G** basis set calculations. The geometry of the molecule was fully optimized, vibrational spectra were calculated and fundamental vibrations were assigned. Geometric and magnetic aromaticity indices, atomic charges, dipole moments, HOMO and LUMO energies were also calculated. The microbial activity of investigated compounds was tested against Bacillus subtilis (BS), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), Escherichia coli (EC), Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Candida albicans (CA). The relationship between the molecular structure of tested compounds and their antimicrobial activity was studied. The principal component analysis (PCA) was applied in order to attempt to distinguish the biological activities of these compounds according to selected band wavenumbers. Obtained data show that the FT-IR spectra can be a rapid and reliable analytical tool and a good source of information for the quantitative analysis of the relationship between the molecular structure of the compound and its biological activity.

  3. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV absorption, 1H and 13C NMR) and theoretical (in B3LYP/6-311++G** level) studies on alkali metal salts of caffeic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Świsłocka, Renata

    The effect of some metals on the electronic system of benzoic and nicotinic acids has recently been investigated by IR, Raman and UV spectroscopy [1-3]. Benzoic and nicotinic acids are regarded model systems representing a wide group of aromatic ligands which are incorporated into enzymes. In this work the FT-IR (in solid state and in solution), FT-Raman, UV absorption and 1H and 13C NMR spectra of caffeic acid (3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) and its salts with lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and caesium were registered, assigned and analyzed. The effect of alkali metals on the electronic system of ligands was discussed. Studies of differences in the number and position of bands from the IR, Raman, UV absorption spectra and chemical shifts from NMR spectra allowed to conclude on the distribution of electronic charge in the molecules, the delocalization energy of π electrons and the reactivity of ligands in metal complexes. Optimized geometrical structures of studied compounds were calculated by B3LYP method using 6-311++G** basis set. Bond lengths, angles and dipole moments for the optimized structures of caffeic acid and lithium, sodium, potassium caffeinates were also calculated. The theoretical wavenumbers and intensities of IR spectra were obtained. The calculated parameters were compared to the experimental characteristics of investigated compounds. Microbial activity of studied compounds was tested against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris.

  4. Experimental (13C NMR, 1H NMR, FT-IR, single-crystal X-ray diffraction) and DFT studies on 3,4-bis(isoproylamino)cyclobut-3-ene-1,2-dione.

    PubMed

    Sleymano?lu, Nevin; Ustaba?, Re?at; Alpaslan, Yelda Bingl; Eyduran, Fatih; Ozyrek, Cengiz; Iskeleli, Nazan Ocak

    2011-12-01

    In this work, 3,4-bis(isoproylamino)cyclobut-3-ene-1,2-dione C(10)H(16)N(2)O(2) (I), was synthesized and characterized by (13)C NMR, (1)H NMR, FT-IR, UV-vis spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. DFT method with 6-31G(d,p) basis set has been used to calculate the optimized geometrical parameters, atomic charges, vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values. The calculated vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values are compared with experimental FT-IR and NMR spectra. The results of the calculation shows good agreement between experimental and calculated values of the compound I. The existence of N-H?O type intermolecular ve C-H?O type intramolecular hydrogen bonds can be deduced from differences between experimental and calculated results of FT-IR and NMR. In addition, the molecular electrostatic potential map and frontier molecular orbitals and electronic absorption spectra were performed at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. HOMO-LUMO electronic transition of 4.90 eV are derived from the contribution of the bands ???* and n??* The spectral results obtained from FT-IR, NMR and X-ray of I revealed that the compound I is in predominantly enamine tautomeric form, which was supported by DFT calculations. PMID:21963193

  5. Structural and Electrocatalytic Properties of PtIrCo/C Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Loukrakpam, Rameshwori; Wanjala, Bridgid N.; Yin, Jun; Fang, Bin; Luo, Jin; Shao, Minhua; Protsailo, Lesia; Kawamura, Tetsuo; Chen, Yongsheng; Petkov, Valeri; Zhong, Chuan-Jian

    2015-10-15

    This paper describes the results of an investigation of the synthesis of PtIrCo nanoparticles (2-3 nm) for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction. The carbon-supported PtIrCo catalysts (PtIrCo/C) were thermally treated at temperatures ranging from 400 to 900 C. The size, composition, and atomic-scale structures of the PtIrCo/C catalysts were characterized for establishing their correlation with the electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen reduction reaction. The specific activity was found to increase by a factor of 3-5 for the PtIrCo/C catalysts in comparison with Pt/C catalysts. A correlation was identified between the specific activity and the nanoparticle's fcc-type lattice parameter. The specific activity increases whereas the fcc-type lattice parameter decreases with the thermal treatment temperature. This correlation was further substantiated by analyzing the interatomic spatial parameters in the trimetallic nanoparticles based on X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopic and high-energy XRD experiments. Implications of these findings, along with the durability of the catalysts, to the design of active electrocatalysts were also discussed.

  6. Combined experimental and theoretical studies on the X-ray crystal structure, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis spectra, NLO behavior and antimicrobial activity of 2-hydroxyacetophenone benzoylhydrazone.

    PubMed

    Sheikhshoaie, Iran; Ebrahimipour, S Yousef; Sheikhshoaie, Mahdeyeh; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri; Khaleghi, Moj; Bruno, Giuseppe

    2014-04-24

    A Schiff base ligand, 2-hydroxyacetophenone benzoylhydrazone (HL) was synthesized and fully characterized with FT-IR, elemental analyses, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectra. DFT calculations using B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) and PW91/DZP are performed to optimize the molecular geometry. Optimized structures are used to calculate FT-IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectra of the compound. Also the energies of the frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) have been determined. The results obtained from the optimization and spectral analyses are in good agreement with the experimental data. To investigate non-linear optical properties, the electric dipole moment (μ), polarizability (α) and molecular first hyperpolarizability (β) were computed. The linear polarizabilities and first hyperpolarizabilities of the studied molecule indicate that the compound can be a good candidate of nonlinear optical materials. In addition, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of this compound against Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans was determined. PMID:24508893

  7. Projectile {Delta} excitations in {sup 1}H({ital p},{ital n}){ital N}{pi} reactions

    SciTech Connect

    Jo, Y.; Lee, C.

    1996-08-01

    It has recently been proved from measurements of the spin-transfer coefficients {ital D}{sub {ital xx}} and {ital D}{sub {ital zz}} that there is a small but nonvanishing {Delta}{ital S}=0 component {sigma}{sub 0} in the inclusive {ital p}({ital p},{ital n}){ital N}{pi} differential reaction cross section {sigma} in the forward direction. It is shown that the dominant part of the measured {sigma}{sub 0} at forward neutron angles can be explained in terms of the projectile {Delta} excitation mechanism. An estimate is further made of contributions to {sigma}{sub 0} from {ital s}-wave rescattering processes. It is found that the {ital s}-wave rescattering contribution is much smaller than the contribution coming from the projectile {Delta} excitation mechanism. The addition of an {ital s}-wave rescattering contribution to the dominant part, however, improves the fit to the data. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  8. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H, 13C NMR, UV/VIS), thermogravimetric and antimicrobial studies of Ca(II), Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of ferulic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinowska, M.; Piekut, J.; Bruss, A.; Follet, C.; Sienkiewicz-Gromiuk, J.; Świsłocka, R.; Rzączyńska, Z.; Lewandowski, W.

    2014-03-01

    The molecular structure of Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Ca(II) ferulates (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamates) was studied. The selected metal ferulates were synthesized. Their composition was established by means of elementary and thermogravimetric analysis. The following spectroscopic methods were used: infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman), nuclear magnetic resonance (13C, 1H NMR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV/VIS). On the basis of obtained results the electronic charge distribution in studied metal complexes in comparison with ferulic acid molecule was discussed. The microbiological study of ferulic acid and ferulates toward Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris was done.

  9. Kinetics and mechanism of reactions in ethanol vapor exposed to IR emission from a pulsed CO/sub 2/ laser/

    SciTech Connect

    Zhitneva, G.P.; Pshezhetskii, S.Ya.

    1988-07-01

    The mechanism and kinetics of reactions in C/sub 2/H/sub 5/OH vapor during pulsed IR photolysis differ from the pyrolysis case: the main reaction in the first case is molecular dehydration, in the second it is chain dehydrogenation. The reason for the difference is the absence of conditions for chain development during pulsed IR photolysis. The ratio of dehydration to C-C bond rupture during pulsed IR photolysis depends on the radiation energy density, the C/sub 2/H/sub 5/OH vapor pressure, and the composition of the reaction mixture.

  10. Kinetic study of the reaction CH (X 2Pi) + H2 yields CH2 (X 3B1) + H in the temperature range 372 to 675 K

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zabarnick, S.; Fleming, J. W.; Lin, M. C.

    1986-01-01

    The kinetics of the reversible reaction CH (X 2Pi) + H2 yields CH2 (X 3B1) + H at 372-675 K and total pressure 100 torr (mainly Ar) is investigated experimentally. The ground-state CH radicals are produced by photolysis of CHBr3 using 10-mJ 266-nm laser pulses (repetition rate 10 Hz) and monitored by measuring the fluorescence induced by a 429.8-nm dye laser, in the apparatus described by Berman et al. (1982) and Berman and Lin (1984). The results are presented in tables and graphs and characterized. The absolute rate constants for the forward and reverse reactions are determined, and their temperature dependence is given by Arrhenius expressions and formulas obtained in transition-state-theory calculations. The heat of formation of CH2 at 0 K is estimated (assuming that the recombination reaction CH2 + H has zero activation energy) as 92.6 + or - 0.5 kcal/mol.

  11. Spectroscopic investigation (FT-IR and FT-Raman), vibrational assignments, HOMO-LUMO, NBO, MEP analysis and molecular docking study of 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-dimethyl-1H-imidazole 3-oxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benzon, K. B.; Varghese, Hema Tresa; Panicker, C. Yohannan; Pradhan, Kiran; Tiwary, Bipransh Kumar; Nanda, Ashis Kumar; Alsenoy, C. Van

    2015-07-01

    In this work, the vibrational spectral analysis was carried out using FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopy of 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-dimethyl-1H-imidazole 3-oxide. The computations were performed at DFT levels of theory to get the optimized geometry and vibrational frequencies of the normal modes of the title compound using Gaussian09 software. The complete vibrational assignments of frequencies were made on the basis of potential energy distribution. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show the chemical activity of the molecule. The stability of the molecule arising from hyper-conjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using NBO analysis. The hyperpolarizability values are reported and the first hyperpolarizability of the title compound is 19.61 times that of standard NLO material urea. From the MEP plot, the negative charge covers the nitro group and the positive region is over the hydroxyl group and N-H part of the imidazole ring. The calculated 1H NMR results are in good agreement with experimental data. Molecular docking study is also reported.

  12. Spectroscopic investigation (FT-IR and FT-Raman), vibrational assignments, HOMO-LUMO, NBO, MEP analysis and molecular docking study of 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-dimethyl-1H-imidazole 3-oxide.

    PubMed

    Benzon, K B; Varghese, Hema Tresa; Panicker, C Yohannan; Pradhan, Kiran; Tiwary, Bipransh Kumar; Nanda, Ashis Kumar; Van Alsenoy, C

    2015-07-01

    In this work, the vibrational spectral analysis was carried out using FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopy of 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-dimethyl-1H-imidazole 3-oxide. The computations were performed at DFT levels of theory to get the optimized geometry and vibrational frequencies of the normal modes of the title compound using Gaussian09 software. The complete vibrational assignments of frequencies were made on the basis of potential energy distribution. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show the chemical activity of the molecule. The stability of the molecule arising from hyper-conjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using NBO analysis. The hyperpolarizability values are reported and the first hyperpolarizability of the title compound is 19.61 times that of standard NLO material urea. From the MEP plot, the negative charge covers the nitro group and the positive region is over the hydroxyl group and N-H part of the imidazole ring. The calculated (1)H NMR results are in good agreement with experimental data. Molecular docking study is also reported. PMID:25819320

  13. Longitudinal and Transverse Cross Sections in the {sup 1}H ({ital e},thinspthinsp {ital e}{sup {prime}}{ital K}{sup +}){Lambda} Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Niculescu, G.; Gueye, P.; Ahmidouch, A.; Assamagan, K.; Avery, S.; Baker, O.K.; Beard, K.; Cha, J.; Eden, T.; Harvey, M.; Hinton, W.; Keppel, C.; Madey, R.; Niculescu, I.; Savage, G.; Tang, L.; Williams, R.; Mohring, R.M.; Beise, E.; Breuer, H.; Chang, C.C.; Chant, N.; Collins, G.; Duncan, F.; Ewell, L.; Gustafsson, K.K.; Lung, A.; Roos, P.; Abbott, D.; Baker, O.K.; Carlini, R.; Dunne, J.; Ent, R.; Keppel, C.; Mack, D.; Majewski, S.; Mitchell, J.; Tang, L.; Vulcan, W.; Wood, S.; Yan, C.; Ahmidouch, A.; Madey, R.; Amatuni, T.A.; Mkrtchyan, H.; Stepanyan, S.; Tadevosian, V.; Ambrozewicz, P.; Martoff, C.J.; Angelescu, T.; Mihul, A.; Teodorescu, L.; Armstrong, C.S.; Finn, M.; Meekins, D.; Bailey, K.; Cummings, W.; Geesaman, D.F.; Hansen, J.; Potterveld, D.; Reinhold, J.; Zeidman, B.; Beedoe, S.; Danagoulian, S.; Jackson, C.; Mtingwa, S.; Sawafta, R.; Volmer, J.; Cisbani, E.; De Leo, R.; Frullani, S.; Garibaldi, F.; Iodice, M.; Leone, T.; Lolos, G.; Perrino, R.; Urciuoli, G.M.; Dutta, D.; Segel, R.; Eyraud, L.; Furget, C.; Kox, S.; Real, J.

    1998-08-01

    The {sup 1}H( e,thinspe{sup {prime}}K{sup +}){Lambda} reaction was studied as a function of the squared four-momentum transfer, Q{sup 2} , and the virtual photon polarization, {var_epsilon} . For each of four Q{sup 2} settings, 0.52, 0.75, 1.00, and 2.00 (GeV/c){sup 2} , the longitudinal and transverse virtual photon cross sections were extracted in measurements at three virtual photon polarizations. The Q{sup 2} dependence of the {sigma}{sub L}/{sigma}{sub T} ratio differs significantly from current theoretical predictions. This, combined with the precision of the measurement, implies a need for revision of existing calculations. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society }

  14. Quantum mechanical calculations and spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman and UV) investigations, molecular orbital, NLO, NBO, NLMO and MESP analysis of 4-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl] benzene-1-sulfonamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Govindasamy, P.; Gunasekaran, S.

    2015-02-01

    The molecular structural parameters and vibrational frequencies of the fundamental modes of 4-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl] benzene-1-sulfonamide(abbreviated as 4MPTFM1HPB1SA) have been obtained using Density functional theory (DFT) technique in the B3LYP approximation with 6-311G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. Detailed vibrational assignments of the observed FT-IR and FT-Raman bands have been proposed on the basis of potential energy distribution (PED). The difference between the observed and the calculated wavenumbers values are very small. The theoretically predicted FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of the title molecule have been constructed. The molecular electrostatic potential has been mapped primarily for predicting sites and relative reactivities toward electrophilic and nucleophilic attack. The intramolecular contacts have been interpreted using Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) and Natural Localized Molecular Orbital (NLMO) analysis. Important non-linear properties such as electric dipolemoment and first hyperpolarizability of 4MPTFM1HPB1SA have been computed using B3LYP quantum chemical calculation. The absorption wavelength, energy and oscillator's strength are calculated by TD-DFT and 4MPTFM1HPB1SA is approach complement with the experimental findings. The temperature dependence of thermodynamic properties has been analyzed. The Natural charges, Frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs), chemical hardness (η), chemical potential (μ), Electro negativity (χ) and electrophilicity values (ω) are calculated and reported.

  15. Monomeric and dimeric structures analysis and spectroscopic characterization of 3,5-difluorophenylboronic acid with experimental (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H and 13C NMR, UV) techniques and quantum chemical calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karabacak, Mehmet; Kose, Etem; Atac, Ahmet; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Kurt, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    The spectroscopic properties of 3,5-difluorophenylboronic acid (3,5-DFPBA, C6H3F2B(OH)2) were investigated by FT-IR, FT-Raman UV-Vis, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques. FT-IR (4000-400 cm-1) and FT-Raman spectra (3500-10 cm-1) in the solid phase and 1H and 13C NMR spectra in DMSO solution were recorded. The UV spectra that dissolved in ethanol and water were recorded in the range of 200-400 nm for each solution. The structural and spectroscopic data of the molecule have been obtained for possible three conformers from DFT (B3LYP) with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set calculations. The geometry of the molecule was fully optimized, vibrational spectra were calculated and fundamental vibrations were assigned on the basis of the total energy distribution (TED) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanics (SQM) method and PQS program. Hydrogen-bonded dimer of title molecule, optimized by counterpoise correction, was also studied B3LYP at the 6-311++G(d,p) level and the effects of molecular association through O-H⋯O hydrogen bonding have been discussed. 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts were calculated by using the gauge-invariant atomic orbital (GIAO) method. The electronic properties, such as excitation energies, oscillator strength, wavelengths, HOMO and LUMO energies, were performed by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) results complements with the experimental findings. Total and partial density of state (TDOS and PDOS) and also overlap population density of state (OPDOS) diagrams analysis were presented. The effects due to the substitutions of boric acid group and halogen were investigated. The results of the calculations were applied to simulate spectra of the title compound, which show excellent agreement with observed spectra. Besides, frontier molecular orbitals (FMO), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), nonlinear optical properties (NLO) and thermodynamic features were performed.

  16. Aza-Diels–Alder reaction between N-aryl-1-oxo-1H-isoindolium ions and tert-enamides: Steric effects on reaction outcome

    PubMed Central

    Chou, Ting-Yi; ALJaroudi, Zainab; Ellis, Bobby D; Cameron, T Stanley

    2014-01-01

    Summary The synthesis of 5-substituted 6,6a-dihydroisoindolo[2,1-a]quinolin-11(5H)-ones via [4 + 2] imino-Diels–Alder cyclization from N-aryl-3-hydroxyisoindolinones and N-vinyl lactams under Lewis acid-catalysed anhydrous conditions is reported. Reactions of N-(2-substituted-aryl)-3-hydroxyisoindolinones with N-vinylpyrrolidone under identical conditions resulted in the formation of 2-(2-substitued-aryl)-3-(2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)vinyl)isoindolin-1-one analogues indicating steric hinderance as the cause of deviation. The probable mechanism of the reaction based on the results from X-ray crystallography and molecular modelling is discussed. PMID:24778740

  17. Hollandite Structure K(x≈0.25)IrO2 Catalyst with Highly Efficient Oxygen Evolution Reaction.

    PubMed

    Sun, Wei; Song, Ya; Gong, Xue-Qing; Cao, Li-mei; Yang, Ji

    2016-01-13

    Oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts with high activity are of particular importance for renewable energy production and storage. Here, we prepare Kx≈0.25IrO2 catalyst that exhibits an excellent OER activity compared to IrO2, which is univerally acknoweledged as a state-of-the-art OER catalyst. The prepared catalyst reflects a small overpotential 0.35 V at a current density of 10 mA cm(-2) and a lower Tafel slope (65 mV dec(-1)) compared to that for IrO2 (74 mV dec(-1)). The performed X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray adsorption (XAS) experiments indicate that the Ir-site of Kx≈0.25IrO2 has a lower valence and more Ir-5d occupied states, suggesting more electrons on the Ir site. The extra electrons located on the Ir site and distorted IrO6 octahedral symmetry have a significant effect on the 5d orbital energy distribution which is verified by our DOS calculation. The performed DFT calculations state that the Kx≈0.25IrO2 essentially obtains good OER performance because it has a lower theoretical overpotential (0.50 V) compared to IrO2 (0.61 V). PMID:26694881

  18. Time-resolved IR observation of a photocatalytic reaction of pivalic acid on platinized titanium dioxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maeda, Akihiro; Ishibashi, Taka-aki

    2013-06-01

    Photodegradation of pivalic acid [(CH3)3CCOOH] on a Pt/TiO2 photocatalyst was studied by time-resolved IR spectroscopy in the microsecond-to-millisecond time region. A vibrational band due to t-butyl radical species, as a reaction intermediate, was observed at 1456 cm-1 along with decrease of reactant, bridge-adsorbed pivalate, and product formation. The product did not have vibrational bands in the CC double bond stretch region, suggesting that the main product was isobutane instead of isobutene, which was the main product in the photoreaction of pivalate on the rutile TiO2 (1 1 0) single crystal.

  19. Efficient [5 + 1]-strategy for the assembly of 1,8-naphthyridin-4(1H)-ones by domino amination/conjugate addition reactions of 1-(2-chloropyridin-3-yl)prop-2-yn-1-ones with amines.

    PubMed

    Iaroshenko, Viktor O; Knepper, Ingo; Zahid, Muhammad; Kuzora, Rene; Dudkin, Sergii; Villinger, Alexander; Langer, Peter

    2012-04-21

    A facile synthetic approach for the synthesis of 1,8-naphthyridine-4(1H)-one derivatives via a catalyst free and Pd-supported tandem amination sequence is developed and described. In a case of aliphatic amines reaction proceeds in a catalyst free mode, however anilines demand Pd-supported reaction conditions. PMID:22402696

  20. Channelling experiments on the lattice location of hydrogen in metals using the nuclear reaction 1H(11B, α)αα

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yagi, Eiichi

    1992-03-01

    In order to locate hydrogen dissolved in metals a nuclear reaction 1H(11B, α)αα was applied to a channelling method. As an example of this application the results of the following two experiments were briefly reported. (1) The lattice location of H in V was investigated under a <001> compressive stress of 7 kg/mm2 below the elastic limit. The configuration of hydrogen is extremely sensitive to compressive stress and changes from a tetrahedral (T) site to a diplaced-T or 4T configuration. On release of this stress the hydrogen atoms returned to T-sites. (2) To elucidate the mechanism of the enhancement of the terminal solubility for hydrogen (TSH) in Nb on alloying with undersized Mo atoms, the state of hydrogen was studied in Nb-based Nb-Mo dilute alloys. It was demonstrated that H atoms are trapped by Mo atoms and located at sites displaced from T-sites by about 0.6 Å. This result supports the trapping model for the enhancement of the TSH in the region of low Mo concentration.

  1. Measurement of the A sub y y tensor analyzing power for the sup 1 H( rvec d , pp ) n reaction in the symmetric constant relative energy geometry

    SciTech Connect

    Low, D.A.; Stephenson, E.J.; Olmer, C.; Opper, A.K.; Park, B.K.; Schwandt, P.; Wissink, S.W. )

    1991-12-01

    Measurements of the unpolarized triple differential cross section and the {ital A}{sub {ital y}{ital y}} tensor analyzing power for the {sup 1}H({ital d},{ital pp}){ital n} reaction were made using a 94.5 MeV polarized deuteron beam at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility. Scattering angles ({theta} and {phi}) and energy information were recorded for the two emerging protons using large-area wire chambers backed by stopping plastic scintillator detectors. Events were selected that were close to the symmetric constant relative energy geometry in order to enhance the sensitivity of the observables to off-shell and three-body effects. The measurements covered values of {alpha}, the center-of-mass angle between the incoming proton and the outgoing neutron, from 72{degree} to 180{degree}. Comparisons are made to Faddeev calculations that use either separable potentials or an exact treatment of the {ital S}-wave nucleon-nucleon interaction in conjunction with a perturbative treatment of higher partial waves. While none of these calculations, which use only two-nucleon interactions, is completely satisfactory, there remains too much variation among different theoretical treatments to demonstrate the need for including additional dynamical features in the three-body model.

  2. Quantum mechanical study and spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 13C, 1H) study, first order hyperpolarizability, NBO analysis, HOMO and LUMO analysis of 2-acetoxybenzoic acid by density functional methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhavani, K.; Renuga, S.; Muthu, S.; Sankara narayanan, K.

    2015-02-01

    In this work, colorless crystals of 2-acetoxybenzoic acid were grown by slow evaporation method and the FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of the sample were recorded in the region 4000-500 cm-1 and 4000-100 cm-1 respectively. Molecular structure is optimized with the help of density functional theory method (B3LYP) with 6-31+G(d,p), 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. Stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugation and charge delocalization is confirmed by the natural bond orbital analysis (NBO). The results show that electron density (ED) in the σ∗ antibonding orbitals and E(2) energies confirms the occurrence of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) within the molecule. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the help of normal coordinate analysis following the scaled quantum mechanical force field (SQMFF) methodology. The results of the calculations were applied to simulated spectra of the title compound, which show excellent agreement with observed spectra. The 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts of the molecule were calculated by GIAO method. Mulliken population analysis on atomic charges is also calculated. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energy gap shows that charge transfer occurs within the molecule.

  3. Quantum mechanical study and spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, (13)C, (1)H) study, first order hyperpolarizability, NBO analysis, HOMO and LUMO analysis of 2-acetoxybenzoic acid by density functional methods.

    PubMed

    Bhavani, K; Renuga, S; Muthu, S; Sankara Narayanan, K

    2014-10-15

    In this work, colorless crystals of 2-acetoxybenzoic acid were grown by slow evaporation method and the FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of the sample were recorded in the region 4000-500cm(-1) and 4000-100cm(-1) respectively. Molecular structure is optimized with the help of density functional theory method (B3LYP) with 6-31+G(d,p), 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. Stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugation and charge delocalization is confirmed by the natural bond orbital analysis (NBO). The results show that electron density (ED) in the σ(∗) antibonding orbitals and E(2) energies confirms the occurrence of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) within the molecule. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the help of normal coordinate analysis following the scaled quantum mechanical force field (SQMFF) methodology. The results of the calculations were applied to simulated spectra of the title compound, which show excellent agreement with observed spectra. The (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) chemical shifts of the molecule were calculated by GIAO method. Mulliken population analysis on atomic charges is also calculated. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energy gap shows that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. PMID:25456668

  4. Vibrational (FT-IR, FT-Raman) and UV-Visible spectroscopic studies, HOMO-LUMO, NBO, NLO and MEP analysis of Benzyl (imino (1H-pyrazol-1-yl) methyl) carbamate using DFT calculaions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shankar Rao, Y. B.; Prasad, M. V. S.; Udaya Sri, N.; Veeraiah, V.

    2016-03-01

    This paper contains a combined experimental and theoretical study of vibrational and electronic properties of Benzyl(imino(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)methyl)carbamate (BPMC) molecule. The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of the title molecule in solid phase were recorded in the region 4000-400 cm-1 and 4000-50 cm-1, respectively. The UV absorption spectrum of the studied compound dissolved in ethanol was recorded in the range of 180-400 nm. The molecular geometries calculated using density functional theory (DFT) was compared with available experimental data. The vibrational spectra calculated at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level were compared with the experimental spectra and assignment to each vibrational frequency was assigned on the basis of potential energy distribution (PED). The calculated electronic and nonlinear optical properties of the title molecule were reported. Furthermore, the thermodynamic properties of the molecule were discussed.

  5. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H- and 13C-NMR), theoretical and microbiological study of trans o-coumaric acid and alkali metal o-coumarates.

    PubMed

    Kowczyk-Sadowy, Małgorzata; Świsłocka, Renata; Lewandowska, Hanna; Piekut, Jolanta; Lewandowski, Włodzimierz

    2015-01-01

    This work is a continuation of research on a correlation between the molecular structure and electronic charge distribution of phenolic compounds and their biological activity. The influence of lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium cations on the electronic system of trans o-coumaric (2-hydroxy-cinnamic) acid was studied. We investigated the relationship between the molecular structure of the tested compounds and their antimicrobial activity. Complementary molecular spectroscopic techniques such as infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman), ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H- and 13C-NMR) were applied. Structures of the molecules were optimized and their structural characteristics were calculated by the density functional theory (DFT) using the B3LYP method with 6-311++G** as a basis set. Geometric and magnetic aromaticity indices, atomic charges, dipole moments and energies were also calculated. Theoretical parameters were compared to the experimental characteristics of investigated compounds. Correlations between certain vibrational bands and some metal parameters, such as electronegativity, ionization energy, atomic and ionic radius, were found. The microbial activity of studied compounds was tested against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris and Candida albicans. PMID:25689641

  6. Molecular structures, FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra, NBO analysis, NLO properties, reactive sites and quantum chemical calculations of keto-enol tautomerism (2-amino-4-pyrimidinol and 2-amino-pyrimidine-4(1H)-one)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balachandran, V.; Parimala, K.

    2013-02-01

    The keto-enol tautomerism of 2-amino-4-pyrimidinol (APN) and 2-amino-pyrimidine-4(1H)-one (APO) are investigated by vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemical method. FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra are recorded in the regions of 4000-400 cm-1 and 3500-100 cm-1, respectively for APN. Geometrical parameters, vibrational wavenumbers of APN and APO are predicted by density functional theory (DFT) employing B3LYP level with 6-311++G(d,p) and 6-311++G(2d,p) basis sets. The non-linear optical (NLO) properties of the title molecules are computed. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surface maps are plotted and explained in detail. Natural bond orbital (NBO) analyses have been performed on APN molecule. The significant changes in occupancies and the energies of bonding and antibonding orbital have been explained in detail. Thermodynamic properties (heat capacities, entropies, and enthalpy) and their correlations with temperatures are also obtained from the calculated frequencies of the optimized structures. Reactivity descriptors, Fukui functions and electrophilic sites are found and discussed.

  7. Molecular structures, FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra, NBO analysis, NLO properties, reactive sites and quantum chemical calculations of keto-enol tautomerism (2-amino-4-pyrimidinol and 2-amino-pyrimidine-4(1H)-one).

    PubMed

    Balachandran, V; Parimala, K

    2013-02-01

    The keto-enol tautomerism of 2-amino-4-pyrimidinol (APN) and 2-amino-pyrimidine-4(1H)-one (APO) are investigated by vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemical method. FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra are recorded in the regions of 4000-400 cm(-1) and 3500-100 cm(-1), respectively for APN. Geometrical parameters, vibrational wavenumbers of APN and APO are predicted by density functional theory (DFT) employing B3LYP level with 6-311++G(d,p) and 6-311++G(2d,p) basis sets. The non-linear optical (NLO) properties of the title molecules are computed. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surface maps are plotted and explained in detail. Natural bond orbital (NBO) analyses have been performed on APN molecule. The significant changes in occupancies and the energies of bonding and antibonding orbital have been explained in detail. Thermodynamic properties (heat capacities, entropies, and enthalpy) and their correlations with temperatures are also obtained from the calculated frequencies of the optimized structures. Reactivity descriptors, Fukui functions and electrophilic sites are found and discussed. PMID:23220518

  8. Synthesis of 2,3-Dihydro-1H-2-benzazepin-1-ones and 3H-2-Benzoxepin-1-ones by Isocyanide-Based Multicomponent Reaction/Wittig Sequence Starting from Phosphonium Salt Precursors.

    PubMed

    Wang, Long; Ren, Zhi-Lin; Ding, Ming-Wu

    2015-01-01

    A one-pot synthesis of multisubstituted 2,3-dihydro-1H-2-benzazepin-1-ones and 3H-2-benzoxepin-1-ones by an I-MCR/Wittig sequence was developed. The reaction of phosphonium salt 3, arylglyoxals 4, amine 5 (or without), and isocyanide 6 produced the 2,3-dihydro-1H-2-benzazepin-1-ones 8 or 3H-2-benzoxepin-1-ones 10 in good yields via a sequential Ugi or Passerini condensation and intramolecular Wittig reaction in the presence of NEt3. PMID:25469708

  9. Platinum-monolayer Electrocatalysts: Palladium Interlayer on IrCo Alloy Core Improves Activity in Oxygen-reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Gong, K.; Chen, W.-F.; Sasaki, K.; Su, D.; Vukmirovic, M.B.; Zhou, W.; Izzo, E.L.; Perez-Acosta, C.; Hirunsit, P.; Balbuena, P.B.; Adzic, R.R.

    2010-11-15

    We describe the synthesis and electrocatalytic properties of a new low-Pt electrocatalyst consisting of an IrCo core, a Pd interlayer, and a surface Pt monolayer, emphasizing the interlayer's role in improving electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen-reduction reaction on Pt in HClO{sub 4} solution. We prepared the IrCo alloys by decomposing, at 800 C, hexacyanometalate, KCoIr(CN){sub 6}, adsorbed on the carbon surfaces. The synthesis of Ir{sub 3}Co/C involved heating a mix of metal salts and carbon in hydrogen at 500 C. Thereafter, we placed a palladium and/or platinum monolayer on them via the galvanic displacement of an underpotentially deposited copper monolayer. The electrocatalysts were characterized using structural- and electrochemical-techniques. For PtML/PdML/IrCo/C, we observed a Pt mass activity of 1.18 A/mg{sub (Pt)} and the platinum-group-metals mass of 0.16 A/mg{sub (Pt, Pd, Ir)}. In comparison, without a Pd interlayer, i.e., Pt{sub ML}/IrCo/C, the activities of 0.15 A/mg{sub (Pt)} and 0.036 A/mg{sub (Pt, Pd, Ir)} were considerably lower. We consider that the palladium interlayer plays an essential role in achieving high catalytic activity by adjusting the electronic interaction of the platinum monolayer with the IrCo core, so that it accelerates the kinetics of adsorption and desorption of the intermediates of oxygen reduction. A similar trend was observed for Pt{sub ML}/Pd{sub ML} and Pt{sub ML} deposited on Ir{sub 3}Co/C alloy core. We used density functional theory to interpret the observed phenomena.

  10. Structure Determination and Excited State Proton Transfer Reaction of 1-NAPHTHOL-AMMONIA Clusters in the S_{1} State Studied by Uv-Ir Mid-Ir Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshikawa, Shunpei; Miyazaki, Mitsuhiko; Martin, Weiler; Ishikawa, Haruki; Fujii, Masaaki

    2013-06-01

    1-naphthol ammonia clusters have been studied long time as a benchmark system of the excited state proton transfer (ESPT) reactions. Understanding the ESPT reaction in this system has still not been fully established. To detect the cluster size dependence of the S_{1} state properties, many researcher extensively investigated such as emission spectra, lifetime, solvents (ammonia) evaporation pattern. Curiously, cluster structure that is fundamental to discuss the reaction has not been determined for the system. Thus we applied an IR spectroscopy to the S_{1} states of the system to determine the cluster structure and to discuss the minimum size inducing the ionic dissociation of the O-H bond in the S_{1} state. IR spectra were recorded not only the O-H and N-H stretching region (3 {μ}m) but also the skeletal vibrational region (5.5-10 {μ}m). Though O-H and N-H stretching vibrations do not provide useful structural information due to the broadness, the skeletal vibrations hold the sharpness even in the S_{1} states. Changes in the skeletal vibrations due to the ammonia solvation, e.g. C-O stretching and C-O-H bending, will be discussed based on a comparison with theoretical calculations. O. Cheshnovsky and S. Leutwylar, J. Chem. Phys. 1, 4127 (1988). S. K. Kim et al., Chem. Phys. lett. 228, 369 (1994). C. Dedonder-Lardeux et al., Phys. Chem, Chem, Phys. 3, 4316 (2001).

  11. An Automated Process for a Sequential Heterocycle/Multicomponent Reaction: Multistep Continuous Flow Synthesis of 5-(Thiazol-2-yl)-3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Pagano, Nicholas; Herath, Ananda; Cosford, Nicholas D P

    2011-08-25

    The first example of a sequential heterocycle formation/multicomponent reaction using an automated continuous flow microreactor assembly is reported. Consecutive Hantzsch thiazole synthesis, deketalization, and Biginelli multicomponent reaction provides rapid and efficient access to highly functionalized, pharmacologically significant 5-(thiazol-2-yl)-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones without isolation of intermediates. These complex small molecules are generated in reaction times less than 15 min and in high yields (39-46%) over three continuous chemical steps. PMID:25237558

  12. Platinum Monolayer on IrFe Core-Shell Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    K Sasaki; K Kuttiyiel; D Su; R Adzic

    2011-12-31

    We synthesized high activity and stability platinum monolayer on IrFe core-shell nanoparticle electrocatalysts. Carbon-supported IrFe core-shell nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction and subsequent thermal annealing. The formation of Ir shells on IrFe solid-solution alloy cores has been verified by scanning transmission electron microscopy coupled with energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The Pt monolayers were deposited on IrFe core-shell nanoparticles by galvanic replacement of underpotentially deposited Cu adatoms on the Ir shell surfaces. The specific and Pt mass activities for the ORR on the Pt monolayer on IrFe core-shell nanoparticle electrocatalyst are 0.46 mA/cm{sup 2} and 1.1 A/mg{sub Pt}, which are much higher than those on a commercial Pt/C electrocatalyst. High durability of Pt{sub ML}/IrFe/C has also been demonstrated by potential cycling tests. These high activity and durability observed can be ascribed to the structural and electronic interaction between the Pt monolayer and the IrFe core-shell nanoparticles.

  13. Platinum Monolayer on IrFe Core–Shell Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Sasaki K.; Kuttiyiel, K.A.; Su, D.; Adzic, R.R.

    2012-04-19

    We synthesized high activity and stability platinum monolayer on IrFe core-shell nanoparticle electrocatalysts. Carbon-supported IrFe core-shell nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction and subsequent thermal annealing. The formation of Ir shells on IrFe solid-solution alloy cores has been verified by scanning transmission electron microscopy coupled with energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The Pt monolayers were deposited on IrFe core-shell nanoparticles by galvanic replacement of underpotentially deposited Cu adatoms on the Ir shell surfaces. The specific and Pt mass activities for the ORR on the Pt monolayer on IrFe core-shell nanoparticle electrocatalyst are 0.46 mA/cm{sup 2} and 1.1 A/mg{sub Pt}, which are much higher than those on a commercial Pt/C electrocatalyst. High durability of Pt{sub ML}/IrFe/C has also been demonstrated by potential cycling tests. These high activity and durability observed can be ascribed to the structural and electronic interaction between the Pt monolayer and the IrFe core-shell nanoparticles.

  14. Synthesis of novel polysubstituted N-benzyl-1H-pyrroles via a cascade reaction of alkynyl Fischer carbenes with α-imino glycine methyl esters.

    PubMed

    de la Cruz, Fabiola N; López, Julio; Jiménez-Halla, J Óscar C; Flores-Álamo, Marcos; Tamaríz, Joaquín; Delgado, Francisco; Vázquez, Miguel A

    2015-12-28

    An efficient and simple synthesis of novel and densely substituted N-benzyl-1H-pyrroles 6a-r is described by a 1,4-addition/isomerization/ring closure/demetalation cascade process of alkynyl Fischer carbene complexes 1a-f and 2a and α-imino glycine methyl esters 3a, b, d, g, h, and k promoted with LDA. PMID:26488365

  15. Experimental study of the A(e,e{sup '}pi{sup +}) reaction on {sup 1}H, {sup 2}H, {sup 12}C, {sup 27}Al, {sup 63}Cu, and {sup 197}Au

    SciTech Connect

    Qian, X.; Gao, H.; Kramer, K.; Horn, T.; Clasie, B.; Seely, J.; Arrington, J.; El Fassi, L.; Zheng, X.; Asaturyan, R.; Mkrtchyan, H.; Navasardyan, T.; Tadevosyan, V.; Benmokhtar, F.; Boeglin, W.; Markowitz, P.; Bosted, P.; Bruell, A.; Chudakov, E.; Ent, R.

    2010-05-15

    Cross sections for the {sup 1}H(e,e{sup '}pi{sup +})n process on {sup 1}H, {sup 2}H, {sup 12}C, {sup 27}Al, {sup 63}Cu, and {sup 197}Au targets were measured at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) to extract nuclear transparencies. Data were taken from Q{sup 2}=1.1-4.7 GeV{sup 2} for a fixed center-of-mass energy of W=2.14 GeV. The ratio of sigma{sub L} and sigma{sub T} was extracted from the measured cross sections for {sup 1}H, {sup 2}H, {sup 12}C, and {sup 63}Cu targets at Q{sup 2}=2.15 and 4.0 GeV{sup 2}, allowing for additional studies of the reaction mechanism. In this article, we present the experimental setup and the analysis of the data in detail, including systematic uncertainty studies. Differential cross sections and nuclear transparencies as a function of the pion momentum at different values of Q{sup 2} are presented. Our results are consistent with the predicted early onset of color transparency in mesons. Global features of the data are discussed and the data are compared with model calculations for the {sup 1}H(e,e{sup '}pi{sup +})n reaction from nuclear targets.

  16. Enhanced formic acid electro-oxidation reaction on ternary Pd-Ir-Cu/C catalyst

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jinwei; Zhang, Jie; Jiang, Yiwu; Yang, Liu; Zhong, Jing; Wang, Gang; Wang, Ruilin

    2015-12-01

    Aim to further reduce the cost of Pd-Ir for formic acid electro-oxidation (FAEO), the Cu was used to construct a ternary metallic alloy catalyst. The prepared catalysts are characterized using XRD, TGA, EDX, TEM, XPS, CO-stripping, cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. It is found that the Pd18Ir1Cu6 nanoparticles with a mean size of 3.3 nm are highly dispersed on carbon support. Componential distributions on catalyst are consistent with initial contents. Electrochemical measurements show that the PdIrCu/C catalyst exhibits the highest activity for FAEO. The mass activity of Pd in Pd18Ir1Cu6/C at 0.16 V (vs. SCE) is about 1.47, 1.62 and 2.08 times as high as that of Pd18Cu6/C, Pd18Ir1/C and Pd/C, respectively. The activity enhancement of PdIrCu/C should be attributed to the weakened CO adsorption strength and the removal of adsorbed intermediates at lower potential with the addition of Cu and Ir.

  17. Impact of IrRu Oxygen Evolution Reaction Catalysts on Pt Nanostructured Thin Films under Start-Up/Shutdown Cycling

    SciTech Connect

    Cullen, David A; More, Karren Leslie; Atanasoska, Liliana; Atanasoski, Radoslav

    2014-01-01

    Electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) methods have been utilized to study the role of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts in mitigating degradation arising from start-up/shutdown events. Pt nanostructured thin films (NSTF) were coated with a Ru0.1Ir0.9 OER catalyst at loadings ranging from 1 to 10 g/cm2 and submitted to 5,000 potential cycles within a membrane electrode assembly. Analysis of the as-deposited catalyst showed that Ir and Ru coating is primarily metallic, and further evidence is provided to support the previously reported interaction between Ru and the perylene-red support. Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to observe the impact of the OER catalysts on Pt dissolution and migration through the membrane. Elemental mapping showed a high percentage of the Ir catalyst was maintained on the NSTF whisker surfaces following testing. The presence of the OER catalysts greatly reduced the smoothing of the Pt NSTF whiskers, which has been correlated with Pt dissolution and losses in electrochemically active surface area. The dissolution of both Ir and Pt led to the formation of IrPt nanoparticle clusters in the membrane close to the cathode, as well as the formation of a Pt band deeper in the membrane.

  18. Reactions in Nitroimidazole Triggered by Low-Energy (0–2 eV) Electrons: Methylation at N1-H Completely Blocks Reactivity**

    PubMed Central

    Tanzer, Katrin; Feketeová, Linda; Puschnigg, Benjamin; Scheier, Paul; Illenberger, Eugen; Denifl, Stephan

    2014-01-01

    Low-energy electrons (LEEs) at energies of less than 2 eV effectively decompose 4-nitroimidazole (4NI) by dissociative electron attachment (DEA). The reactions include simple bond cleavages but also complex reactions involving multiple bond cleavages and formation of new molecules. Both simple and complex reactions are associated with pronounced sharp features in the anionic yields, which are interpreted as vibrational Feshbach resonances acting as effective doorways for DEA. The remarkably rich chemistry of 4NI is completely blocked in 1-methyl-4-nitroimidazole (Me4NI), that is, upon methylation of 4NI at the N1 site. These remarkable results have also implications for the development of nitroimidazole based radiosensitizers in tumor radiation therapy. PMID:25224248

  19. Mechanisms and reaction pathways for simultaneous oxidation of NOx and SO₂ by ozone determined by in situ IR measurements.

    PubMed

    Sun, Chenglang; Zhao, Nan; Zhuang, Zhuokai; Wang, Haiqiang; Liu, Yue; Weng, Xiaole; Wu, Zhongbiao

    2014-06-15

    Ozone (O3) oxidation combined with wet scrubbing is a promising method for the simultaneous removal of SO2 and NOx in flue gas. In this study, the O3 oxidation processes of NO and SO2, as well as their coexistence, were investigated using an in situ IR spectrometer. Experimental results showed that the O3 concentration and the reaction temperature played critical roles in the O3 oxidation process of NO. Around 80°C, when inlet molar ratio of O3/NO was less than 1, NO was mainly oxidized to NO2, while when the ratio was greater than 1, NO would be further oxidized to NO3, N2O5, and HNO3. NO3 was the key intermediate product for the formation of N2O5 and HNO3. However, the subsequent reactions of NO3 were temperature dependence. With the increase of reaction temperature above 100°C, the concentration of NO2 increased whereas the concentrations of N2O5 and HNO3 decreased. The oxidation of SO2 by O3 was negligible and SO2 had little influence on the oxidation of NO in the simultaneous oxidation of NO and SO2. Finally, based on the in situ IR results, the oxidation mechanism is discussed and the reaction pathways are proposed. PMID:24801895

  20. Measurements of the neutron electric to magnetic form factor ratio GEn/GMn via the 2H(e→,e'n→)1H reaction to Q2=1.45 (GeV/c)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plaster, B.; Semenov, A. Yu.; Aghalaryan, A.; Crouse, E.; MacLachlan, G.; Tajima, S.; Tireman, W.; Ahmidouch, A.; Anderson, B. D.; Arenhövel, H.; Asaturyan, R.; Baker, O. K.; Baldwin, A. R.; Barkhuff, D.; Breuer, H.; Carlini, R.; Christy, E.; Churchwell, S.; Cole, L.; Danagoulian, S.; Day, D.; Eden, T.; Elaasar, M.; Ent, R.; Farkhondeh, M.; Fenker, H.; Finn, J. M.; Gan, L.; Gasparian, A.; Garrow, K.; Gueye, P.; Howell, C. R.; Hu, B.; Jones, M. K.; Kelly, J. J.; Keppel, C.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, W.-Y.; Kowalski, S.; Lung, A.; Mack, D.; Madey, R.; Manley, D. M.; Markowitz, P.; Mitchell, J.; Mkrtchyan, H.; Opper, A. K.; Perdrisat, C.; Punjabi, V.; Raue, B.; Reichelt, T.; Reinhold, J.; Roche, J.; Sato, Y.; Savvinov, N.; Semenova, I. A.; Seo, W.; Simicevic, N.; Smith, G.; Stepanyan, S.; Tadevosyan, V.; Tang, L.; Taylor, S.; Ulmer, P. E.; Vulcan, W.; Watson, J. W.; Wells, S.; Wesselmann, F.; Wood, S.; Yan, Chen; Yan, Chenyu; Yang, S.; Yuan, L.; Zhang, W.-M.; Zhu, H.; Zhu, X.

    2006-02-01

    We report values for the neutron electric to magnetic form factor ratio, GEn/GMn, deduced from measurements of the neutron's recoil polarization in the quasielastic 2H(e→,e'n→)1H reaction, at three Q2 values of 0.45, 1.13, and 1.45 (GeV/c)2. The data at Q2=1.13 and 1.45 (GeV/c)2 are the first direct experimental measurements of GEn employing polarization degrees of freedom in the Q2>1 (GeV/c)2 region and stand as the most precise determinations of GEn for all values of Q2.

  1. An Efficient One-Pot Green Protocol for the Synthesis of 5-Unsubstituted 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-Ones Using Recyclable Amberlyst 15 DRY as a Heterogeneous Catalyst via Three-Component Biginelli-Like Reaction.

    PubMed

    Jetti, Srinivasa Rao; Verma, Divya; Jain, Shubha

    2012-01-01

    An environmentally benign green protocol for the synthesis of 5-unsubstituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using Amberlyst 15 DRY as a recyclable catalyst has been developed. The use of resinous, nontoxic, thermally stable, and inexpensive Amberlyst 15 DRY, as a recyclable heterogeneous catalyst, makes the process simple with negligible chemical waste. Among the various solid acid catalysts Amberlyst 15 DRY was found to be the most efficient catalyst with regard to reaction time, yield, and ease of work-up procedure. PMID:24052845

  2. An Efficient One-Pot Green Protocol for the Synthesis of 5-Unsubstituted 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-Ones Using Recyclable Amberlyst 15 DRY as a Heterogeneous Catalyst via Three-Component Biginelli-Like Reaction

    PubMed Central

    Jetti, Srinivasa Rao; Verma, Divya; Jain, Shubha

    2012-01-01

    An environmentally benign green protocol for the synthesis of 5-unsubstituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using Amberlyst 15 DRY as a recyclable catalyst has been developed. The use of resinous, nontoxic, thermally stable, and inexpensive Amberlyst 15 DRY, as a recyclable heterogeneous catalyst, makes the process simple with negligible chemical waste. Among the various solid acid catalysts Amberlyst 15 DRY was found to be the most efficient catalyst with regard to reaction time, yield, and ease of work-up procedure. PMID:24052845

  3. Synthesis of New 2-Halo-2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-2H-azirines via a Non-Classical Wittig Reaction.

    PubMed

    Cardoso, Ana L; Sousa, Carmo; Henriques, Marta S C; Paixo, Jos A; Pinho E Melo, Teresa M V D

    2015-01-01

    The synthesis and reactivity of tetrazol-5-yl-phosphorus ylides towards N-halosuccinimide/TMSN? reagent systems was explored, opening the way to new haloazidoalkenes bearing a tetrazol-5-yl substituent. These compounds were obtained as single isomers, except in one case. X-ray crystal structures were determined for three derivatives, establishing that the non-classical Wittig reaction leads to the selective synthesis of haloazidoalkenes with (Z)-configuration. The thermolysis of the haloazidoalkenes afforded new 2-halo-2-(tetrazol-5-yl)-2H-azirines in high yields. Thus, the reported synthetic methodologies gave access to important building blocks in organic synthesis, vinyl tetrazoles and 2-halo-2-(tetrazol-5-yl)-2H-azirine derivatives. PMID:26703533

  4. Bimetallic IrNi Core Platinum Monolayer Shell Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Kuttiyiel K. A.; Sasaki, K.; Choi, Y.M.; Su, D.; Liu, P.; Adzic, R.R.

    2012-01-01

    We synthesized a low-Pt content electrocatalyst consisting of a Pt monolayer placed on carbon-supported thermally treated IrNi core-shell structured nanoparticles using galvanic displacement of a Cu monolayer deposited at underpotentials. The Pt mass activity of the Pt{sub ML}/IrNi/C electrocatalyst obtained in a scale-up synthesis is approximately 3 times higher than that of the commercial Pt/C electrocatalyst. The electronic and geometrical effects of the IrNi substrate on the Pt monolayer result in its higher catalytic activity than that of Pt nanoparticles. The structure and composition of the core-shell nanoparticles were verified using transmission electron microscopy and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, while a potential cycling test was employed to confirm the stability of the electrocatalyst. Our experimental results, supported by the density functional calculations using a sphere-like model, demonstrate an effective way of using Pt that can resolve key problems of cathodic oxygen reduction hampering fuel cell commercialization.

  5. Preignition reactions of AP-HTPB propellants studied by IR spectrometry. [Ammonium Perchlorate-Hydroxyl Terminated PolyButadiene

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Law, R. J.; Baer, A. D.; Ryan, N. W.

    1977-01-01

    IR absorption spectrometry was used to follow the disappearance of NH and CH bonds during the pyrolysis of a polymer film containing 30 weight percent ammonium perchlorate (AP). The remaining 70 weight percent consisted of a mixture of 92.5 weight percent hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and 7.5 weight percent isophrone diisocyanate (IPDI). The results indicate that polymer decomposition is induced by products of AP decomposition, and that about 2.5 CH bonds disappear for each NH bond that disappears. The diffusion process occurring in the later stages of the reaction is analyzed in an attempt to account for the unexpectedly low activation energy.

  6. Correlations between experimental matrix-isolation FT-IR and DFT(B3LYP) calculated data for isolated 1:1 H-bonded complexes of water and pyridine or imidazole derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schoone, K.; Smets, J.; Ramaekers, R.; Houben, L.; Adamowicz, L.; Maes, G.

    2003-04-01

    Relations between selected experimentally observed matrix isolation FT-IR and/or DFT(B3LYP)/6-31++G** predicted parameters are investigated for a series of 1:1 water complexes of pyridine and imidazole derivatives. Regular correlations are observed for: (i) the experimental and calculated OH stretching frequency shifts; (ii) the ratio between the observed and calculated IR stretching frequencies of the water OH group involved in the hydrogen bond and the proton affinity of the hydrogen bonding site (N atom) of the base; (iii) the H-bond interaction energy and the OH stretching frequency shift; (iv) the calculated OH and N⋯H distances and the interaction energy of the H-bond; and (v) the interaction energy of the H-bond and the square root of the intensity enhancement of the OH stretching mode. These correlations are restricted to structurally similar systems (i.e. to the pyridine or the imidazole analogs). These correlations demonstrate that the DFT(B3LYP) method is very suitable to predict trends in the parameters related to the H-bonding.

  7. Fe3O4@mesoporous SBA-15: a robust and magnetically recoverable catalyst for one-pot synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones via the Biginelli reaction.

    PubMed

    Mondal, John; Sen, Tapas; Bhaumik, Asim

    2012-05-28

    A magnetic nanoparticle conjugated mesoporous nanocatalyst (Fe(3)O(4)@mesoporous SBA-15) with a high surface area has been synthesized by chemical conjugation of magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) nanoparticles with functionalized mesoporous SBA-15. Functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 containing surface carboxyl and amino groups was synthesized via the thiol-ene click reaction of cysteine hydrochloride and vinyl functionalized SBA-15. The catalytic activity of the robust, safe and magnetically recoverable Fe(3)O(4)@mesoporous SBA-15 nanocatalyst was evaluated in the Biginelli reaction under mild conditions for the synthesis of a diverse range of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones. The separation and reuse of the Fe(3)O(4)@mesoporous SBA-15 nanocatalyst were simple, effective and economical. PMID:22475989

  8. Quantum mechanical and spectroscopic (FT-IR, 13C, 1H NMR and UV) investigations of 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole by DFT method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diwaker

    2014-07-01

    The electronic, NMR, vibrational, structural properties of a new pyrazoline derivative: 2-(5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-3-(pyridine-2-yl)-4,5-dihydropyrazol-1-yl)benzo[d]thiazole has been studied using Gaussian 09 software package. Using VEDA 4 program we have reported the PED potential energy distribution of normal mode of vibrations of the title compound. We have also reported the 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of the title compound using B3LYP level of theory with 6-311++G(2d,2p) basis set. Using time dependent (TD-DFT) approach electronic properties such as HOMO and LUMO energies, electronic spectrum of the title compound has been studied and reported. NBO analysis and MEP surface mapping has also been calculated and reported using ab initio methods.

  9. Synthesis, NMR, FT-IR, X-ray structural characterization, DFT analysis and isomerism aspects of 5-(2,6-dichlorobenzylidene)pyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barakat, Assem; Al-Najjar, Hany J.; Al-Majid, Abdullah Mohammed; Soliman, Saied M.; Mabkhot, Yahia Nasser; Shaik, Mohammed Rafi; Ghabbour, Hazem A.; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2015-08-01

    The synthesis and spectral characterization of the 5-(2,6-dichlorobenzylidene)pyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione;3 was reported. The solid state molecular structure of 3 was studied using X-ray crystallography. The relative stabilities of the seven possible isomers of 3 were calculated by DFT/B3LYP method using 6-311G(d,p) basis set. The calculated total energies and thermodynamic parameters were used to predict the relative stabilities of these isomers. The effect of solvent polarity on the relative stability of these isomers was studied at the same level of theory using PCM. It was found that the keto form, (T0), is the most stable isomer both in the gaseous state and solution. In solution, the calculated total energies of all isomers are decreased indicating that all isomers are stabilized by the solvent effect. The vibrational spectra of the most stable isomer, 3(T0) are calculated using the same level of theory and the results are compared with the experimentally measured FTIR spectra. Good correlation was obtained between the experimental and calculated vibrational frequencies (R2 = 0.9992). The electronic spectra of 3(T0) in gas phase as well as in solutions were calculated using the TD-DFT method. All the predicted electronic transitions showed very little spectral shifts and increase in the intensity of absorption due to solvent effect. Also the 1H- and 13C-NMR chemical shifts of the stable isomer were calculated and the results were correlated with the experimental data. Good correlations between the experimental and calculated chemical shifts were obtained.

  10. Comparative study for separation of atmospheric humic-like substance (HULIS) by ENVI-18, HLB, XAD-8 and DEAE sorbents: elemental composition, FT-IR, 1H NMR and off-line thermochemolysis with tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH).

    PubMed

    Fan, Xingjun; Song, Jianzhong; Peng, Ping'an

    2013-11-01

    Humic-like substances (HULIS) are significant constituents of aerosols, and the isolation and characterization of HULIS by solid-phase extraction methods are dependent on the sorbents used. In this study, we used the following five methods: ENVI-18, HLB-M, HLB-N, XAD-8 and DEAE, to isolate atmospheric HULIS at an urban site. Then we conducted a comparative investigation of the HULIS chemical characteristics by means of elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and off-line thermochemolysis with tetramethylammonium hydroxide. The results indicate that HULIS isolated using different methods show many similarities in chemical composition and structure. Some differences were however also observed between the five isolated HULIS: HULISHLB-M contains a relatively high content of OCH group, compared to HULISENVI-18 and HULISXAD-8; HULISXAD-8 contains a relatively high content of hydrophobic and aromatic components, compared to HULISENVI-18 and HULISHLB-M; HULISDEAE contains the highest content of aromatic functional groups, as inferred by (1)H NMR spectra, but a great amount of salts generally present in the HULISDEAE and thereby limited the choices for characterizing the materials (i.e., elemental analysis and TMAH thermochemolysis); HULISHLB-N has relatively high levels of H and N, a high N/C atomic ratio, and includes N-containing functional groups, which suggests that it has been altered by 2% ammonia introduced in the eluents. In summary, we found that ENVI-18, HLB-M, and XAD-8 are preferable methods for isolation and characterization of HULIS in atmospheric aerosols. These results also suggest that caution is required when applying DEAE and HLB-N isolating methods for characterizing atmospheric HULIS. PMID:23773442

  11. Product screening of fast reactions in IR-laser-heated liquid water filaments in a vacuum by mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Charvat, A; Stasicki, B; Abel, B

    2006-03-01

    In the present article a novel approach for rapid product screening of fast reactions in IR-laser-heated liquid microbeams in a vacuum is highlighted. From absorbed energies, a shock wave analysis, high-speed laser stroboscopy, and thermodynamic data of high-temperature water the enthalpy, temperature, density, pressure, and the reaction time window for the hot water filament could be characterized. The experimental conditions (30 kbar, 1750 K, density approximately 1 g/cm3) present during the lifetime of the filament (20-30 ns) were extreme and provided a unique environment for high-temperature water chemistry. For the probe of the reaction products liquid beam desorption mass spectrometry was employed. A decisive feature of the technique is that ionic species, as well as neutral products and intermediates may be detected (neutrals as protonated aggregates) via time-of-flight mass spectrometry without any additional ionization laser. After the explosive disintegration of the superheated beam, high-temperature water reactions are efficiently quenched via expansion and evaporative cooling. For first exploratory experiments for chemistry in ultrahigh-temperature, -pressure and -density water, we have chosen resorcinol as a benchmark system, simple enough and well studied in high-temperature water environments much below 1000 K. Contrary to oxidation reactions usually present under less extreme and dense supercritical conditions, we have observed hydration and little H-atom abstraction during the narrow time window of the experiment. Small amounts of radicals but no ionic intermediates other than simple proton adducts were detected. The experimental findings are discussed in terms of the energetic and dense environment and the small time window for reaction, and they provide firm evidence for additional thermal reaction channels in extreme molecular environments. PMID:16509656

  12. Molecular structure, FT-IR, vibrational assignments, HOMO-LUMO analysis and molecular docking study of 1-[5-(4-Bromophenyl)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethanone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mary, Y. Sheena; Panicker, C. Yohannan; Sapnakumari, M.; Narayana, B.; Sarojini, B. K.; Al-Saadi, Abdulaziz A.; Van Alsenoy, Christian; War, Javeed Ahmad; Fun, H. K.

    2015-02-01

    The optimized molecular structure, vibrational frequencies, corresponding vibrational assignments of 1-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethanone have been investigated experimentally and theoretically using Gaussian09 software package. The title compound was optimized using the HF/6-31G(d) (6D, 7F), B3LYP/6-31G (6D, 7F) and B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) (5D, 7F) calculations. The B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) (5D, 7F) results and in agreement with experimental infrared bands. The geometrical parameters are in agreement with XRD data. The stability of the molecule arising from hyper-conjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using NBO analysis. The HOMO and LUMO analysis is used to determine the charge transfer within the molecule. Molecular electrostatic potential was also performed. From the MEP it is evident that the negative charge covers the Cdbnd O group and the positive region is over the rings. First hyperpolarizability is calculated in order to find its role in nonlinear optics. Molecular docking studies suggest that the compound might exhibit inhibitory activity against TPII and may act as anti-neoplastic agent.

  13. FT-IR, NBO, HOMO-LUMO, MEP analysis and molecular docking study of 1-[3-(4-Fluorophenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethanone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mary, Y. Sheena; Panicker, C. Yohannan; Sapnakumari, M.; Narayana, B.; Sarojini, B. K.; Al-Saadi, Abdulaziz A.; Van Alsenoy, Christian; War, Javeed Ahmad

    2015-02-01

    The optimized molecular structure, vibrational frequencies, corresponding vibrational assignments of 1-[3-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethanone have been investigated experimentally and theoretically. The geometrical parameters are in agreement with XRD data. The stability of the molecule arising from hyper-conjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using NBO analysis. The HOMO and LUMO analysis is used to determine the charge transfer within the molecule. From the MEP it is evident that the negative charge covers the carbonyl group and the positive region is over the remaining groups. The more electronegativity in the carbonyl group makes it the most reactive part in the molecule. First hyperpolarizability is calculated in order to find its role in nonlinear optics. From the molecular docking studies, it is evident that the fluorine atom attached to benzene ring and ethanone attached to the pyrazoline ring are crucial for binding and the compound might exhibit inhibitory activity against TPII and may act as anti-neoplastic agent.

  14. Kinetics study of heterogeneous reactions of ozone with erucic acid using an ATR-IR flow reactor.

    PubMed

    Leng, Chunbo; Hiltner, Joseph; Pham, Hai; Kelley, Judas; Mach, Mindy; Zhang, Yunhong; Liu, Yong

    2014-03-01

    The ozone initiated heterogeneous oxidation of erucic acid (EA) thin film was investigated using a flow system combined with attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR) over wide ranges of ozone concentrations (0.25-60 ppm), thin film thickness (0.1-1.0 μm), temperatures (263-298 K), and relative humidities (0-80% RH) for the first time. Pseudo-first-order rate constants, kapp, and overall reactive uptake coefficients, γ, were obtained through changes in the absorbance of C[double bond, length as m-dash]O stretching bands at 1695 cm(-1), which is assigned to the carbonyl group in carboxylic acid. Results showed that the reaction followed the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism and kapp was largely dominated by surface reaction over bulk phase reaction. In addition, both the kapp and the γ values showed very strong temperature dependences (∼two orders of magnitude) over the temperature range; in contrast, they only slightly increased with increasing RH values from 0-80%. According to the kapp values as a function of temperature, the activation energy for the heterogeneous reaction was estimated to be 80.6 kJ mol(-1). Our results have suggested that heterogeneous reactions between ozone and unsaturated solid surfaces likely have a substantially greater temperature dependence than liquid ones. Moreover, the hygroscopic properties of EA thin films before and after exposure to ozone were also studied by measurement of water uptake. Based on the hygroscopicity data, the insignificant RH effect on reaction kinetics was probably due to the relatively weak water uptake by the unreacted and reacted EA thin films. PMID:24457621

  15. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, 1H, 13C NMR, UV), DOS and orbital overlap population analysis of copper complex of (E)-4-(2-(4-nitrophenyl) diazenyl)-N, N bis ((pyridin-2-yl) methyl) benzamine by density functional theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diwaker

    2015-02-01

    The geometric parameters, chemical shifts, FTIR, NMR and orbital overlap population along with DOS (density of states) to know different kinds of interactions for binding of copper atom with (E)-4-(2-(4-nitrophenyl) diazenyl)-N, N bis ((pyridin-2-yl) methyl) benzamine to form its copper complex has been reported by DFT methods. The theoretically predicted values for structural parameters are in agreement with the experimentally reported values. NMR chemical shifts calculated using B3LYP/DFT/GIAO level of theory gives information about binding of copper atom with three nitrogen atoms namely N (3, 8 and 11). Orbital overlap population analysis using DFT/B3LYP/SDD level of theory is used to study the kind of interactions involved in binding of copper with the three nitrogen atoms. DOS studies are done to know about the contribution of alpha, beta electrons to the valence and conduction band. IR spectroscopy investigations gave the absorption bands for the formation of title compound. Electronic spectrum along with HOMO-LUMO energies of the title compound has been investigated using Time-dependent (TD-DFT) approach.

  16. U1h Superstructure

    SciTech Connect

    Glen Sykes

    2000-11-01

    The U1H Shaft Project is a design build subcontract to supply the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) a 1,045 ft. deep, 20 ft. diameter, concrete lined shaft for unspecified purposes. The subcontract awarded to Atkinson Construction by Bechtel Nevada to design and construct the shaft for the DOE has been split into phases with portions of the work being released as dictated by available funding. The first portion released included the design for the shaft, permanent hoist, headframe, and collar arrangement. The second release consisted of constructing the shaft collar to a depth of 110 ft., the service entry, utility trenches, and installation of the temporary sinking plant. The temporary sinking plant included the installation of the sinking headframe, the sinking hoist, two deck winches, the shaft form, the sinking work deck, and temporary utilities required to sink the shaft. Both the design and collar construction were completed on schedule. The third release consisted of excavating and lining the shaft to the station depth of approximately 950 feet. Work is currently proceeding on this production sinking phase. At a depth of approximately 600 feet, Atkinson has surpassed production expectation and is more than 3 months ahead of schedule. Atkinson has employed the use of a Bobcat 331 excavator as the primary means of excavation. the shaft is being excavated entirely in an alluvial deposit with varying degrees of calcium carbonate cementation. Several more work packages are expected to be released in the near future. The remaining work packages include, construction of the shaft station a depth of 975 ft. and construction of the shaft sump to a depth of 1,045 ft., installation of the loading pocket and station steel and equipment, installation of the shaft steel and guides, installation of the shaft utilities, and installation of the permanent headframe, hoist, collar utilities, and facilities.

  17. A new synthetic approach to functionalize pyrimido[4,5-b]quinoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones via a three-component one-pot reaction.

    PubMed

    Aknin, Karen; Desbène-Finck, Stéphanie; Helissey, Philippe; Giorgi-Renault, Sylviane

    2010-02-01

    Functionalized pyrimido[4,5-b]quinoline-2,4 (1H,3H)-diones were synthesized by a three-component one-pot reaction involving barbituric acid, aldehydes, and anilines. The use of commercially available anilines allowed the facile syntheses of pyrimido[4,5-b]quinolinediones substituted in all the positions on the benzene ring with electron donor or electron withdrawing groups. This straightforward method circumvents the preparation of unstable substituted 2-aminobenzaldehydes that limits the scope of previously described syntheses. Furthermore, access to the 5-substituted derivatives is now also possible starting from aliphatic or aromatic aldehydes. Our strategy and methodology offer significant and practical improvements over other methodologies. PMID:19452259

  18. Experimental and quantum-chemical calculations on some 1 H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide and -3-carboxylate derivatives formation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yıldırım, İsmail; Kandemirli, Fatma; Akçamur, Yunus

    2005-03-01

    The 1 H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid was converted via reactions of its acid chloride 1 with various binucleophiles like 1,2-diaminoethane ( 2a), 1,2-diaminopropane ( 2b) and 2-amino-2-methylpropanol ( 2c) into the corresponding 1 H-pyrazole-3-carboxamides and -3-carboxylate 3a- c, respectively, in good yields (66-95%). The reactions of 1 with aliphatic diamines and amino alcohols ( 2a- c) in benzene for 5-6 h with catalytic amounts of pyridine lead to the products 3a- c formation. The structures of these new synthesized compounds were determined from the 13C NMR, 1H NMR, IR spectroscopic data and elemental analyses. All of them were compared with their previous analogs. The mechanism of reaction between 1 and 2a- c was studied by means of semi-empirical AM1 calculations.

  19. Effect of Bronsted Acids and Bases, and Lewis Acid (Sn(2+)) on the Regiochemistry of the Reaction of Amines with Trifluoromethyl-β-diketones: Reaction of 3-Aminopyrrole to Selectively Produce Regioisomeric 1H-Pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridines.

    PubMed

    De Rosa, Michael; Arnold, David; Hartline, Douglas; Truong, Linda; Verner, Roman; Wang, Tianwei; Westin, Christian

    2015-12-18

    Reaction of 3-aminopyrrole (as its salt) with trifluoromethyl-β-diketones gave γ-1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridines via reaction at the less reactive carbonyl group. The trifluoromethyl group increased the electrophilicity of the adjacent carbonyl group and decreased the basicity of the hydroxyl group of the CF3 amino alcohol formed. This amino alcohol was formed faster, but its subsequent dehydration to the β-enaminone was slow resulting in the preferential formation of the γ-regioisomer. Reaction of 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenyl-1,3-butadione with 3-aminopyrrole was carried out using a series of 6 amine buffers. Yields of the α-1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridine increased as the pKa of the amine buffer decreased. Surprisingly the yield went down at higher pKas. There was a change in mechanism as the reaction mixture became more basic. With strong amines trifluoromethyl-β-diketones were present mainly or completely as the enolate. Under reductive conditions (3-nitropyrrole/Sn/AcOH/trifluoromethyl-β-diketone) the α-1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridine was the major product as a result of Lewis acid catalysis by Sn(2+). Similar α-regiochemistry was observed when the reaction of the 3-aminopyrrole salt with trifluoromethyl-β-diketones was carried out in the presence of base and tin(II) acetate. PMID:26575797

  20. Time-Resolved O3 Chemical Chain Reaction Kinetics Via High-Resolution IR Laser Absorption Methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kulcke, Axel; Blackmon, Brad; Chapman, William B.; Kim, In Koo; Nesbitt, David J.

    1998-01-01

    Excimer laser photolysis in combination with time-resolved IR laser absorption detection of OH radicals has been used to study O3/OH(v = 0)/HO2 chain reaction kinetics at 298 K, (i.e.,(k(sub 1) is OH + 03 yields H02 + 02 and (k(sub 2) is H02 + 03 yields OH + 202). From time-resolved detection of OH radicals with high-resolution near IR laser absorption methods, the chain induction kinetics have been measured at up to an order of magnitude higher ozone concentrations ([03] less than or equal to 10(exp 17) molecules/cu cm) than accessible in previous studies. This greater dynamic range permits the full evolution of the chain induction, propagation, and termination process to be temporally isolated and measured in real time. An exact solution for time-dependent OH evolution under pseudo- first-order chain reaction conditions is presented, which correctly predicts new kinetic signatures not included in previous OH + 03 kinetic analyses. Specifically, the solutions predict an initial exponential loss (chain "induction") of the OH radical to a steady-state level ([OH](sub ss)), with this fast initial decay determined by the sum of both chain rate constants, k(sub ind) = k(sub 1) + k(sub 2). By monitoring the chain induction feature, this sum of the rate constants is determined to be k(sub ind) = 8.4(8) x 10(exp -14) cu cm/molecule/s for room temperature reagents. This is significantly higher than the values currently recommended for use in atmospheric models, but in excellent agreement with previous results from Ravishankara et al.

  1. Synthesis, FT-IR, 1H, 13C NMR, ESI MS and PM5 studies of a new Mannich base of polyether antibiotic - Lasalocid acid and its complexes with Li+, Na+ and K+ cations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huczyński, Adam; Rutkowski, Jacek; Brzezinski, Bogumil; Bartl, Franz

    2013-03-01

    The polyether antibiotic Lasalocid acid has been converted to its Mannich base derivative by a chemoselective one-pot reaction with formaldehyde and morpholine through the decarboxylation process. Spectroscopic studies of the structure of this new derivative have shown that in this ortho-phenol Mannich base the Osbnd H⋯N intarmolecular hydrogen bond is present. The compound forms complexes with Li+, Na+ and K+ cations of exclusively 1:1 stoichiometry. The structures of these complexes have been studied and visualized by semi-empirical calculation based on results of spectrometric and spectroscopic investigation. It is demonstrated that in contrast to Lasalocid acid the novel Mannich type derivative forms preferential complexes with Li+ cation.

  2. A multimetallic piano-stool Ir-Sn3 catalyst for nucleophilic substitution reaction of γ-hydroxy lactams through N-acyliminium ions.

    PubMed

    Maity, Arnab Kumar; Roy, Sujit

    2012-03-16

    A multimetallic piano-stool complex [Cp*Ir(SnCl(3))(2){SnCl(2)(H(2)O)(2)}] (1) having Ir-Sn(3) motif has been synthesized from [Cp*IrCl(2)](2) and SnCl(2). The multimetallic complex catalytically promotes the nucleophilic substitution reaction (here after α-amidoalkylation reaction) of γ-hydroxylactams generated from phthalimidals to obtain decorated isoindolinones in excellent yields. Succinamidals, however, lead to the substituted pyrrolidinones (thermodynamic control product) via S(N)1-type path as well as eliminated pyrrolinones (kinetic control product) via an E1-type path, depending on the reaction parameters. A straightforward application of this methodology is to synthesize benzo-fused indolizidine alkaloid mimics. PMID:22364643

  3. IR spectroscopy applied subsequent to a proton transfer reaction in the excited state of isolated 3-hydroxyflavone and 2-(2-naphthyl)-3-hydroxychromone.

    PubMed

    Bartl, K; Funk, A; Schwing, K; Fricke, H; Kock, G; Martin, H-D; Gerhards, M

    2009-02-28

    IR/R2PI-spectroscopy has been applied to the electronic ground and electronically excited states of 3-hydroxyflavone (3-HF) and 2-(2-naphthyl)-3-hydroxychromone (2-NHC) in a supersonic jet yielding direct structural information on the educt and product of a proton transfer reaction. We show that IR spectra of the electronically excited states can be recorded subsequent to a photoinduced chemical reaction, in this case a proton transfer. In combination with DFT and TDDFT calculations structural assignments are performed. PMID:19209360

  4. Synthesis, spectral analysis (FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and UV-visible) and quantum chemical studies on molecular geometry, NBO, NLO, chemical reactivity and thermodynamic properties of novel 2-amino-4-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-5-oxo-6-phenyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline-3-carbonitrile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fatma, Shaheen; Bishnoi, Abha; Verma, Anil Kumar

    2015-09-01

    In the present study novel 2-amino-4-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-5-oxo-6-phenyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline-3-carbonitrile was synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy and mass spectral analysis. The chemical calculations were done by DFT level of theory using Becke3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) and Coulomb Attenuating Method (CAM-B3LYP)/6-31G(d,p) basis set. 1H, 13C chemical shifts and vibrational wavenumbers were calculated and good correlation with the experimental data has been accomplished. UV-Visible spectrum of the molecule was recorded in the region 200-500 nm and the electronic properties and composition were obtained using Time Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) method. Hyperconjugative interactions were studied with the help of natural bond orbital analysis. Electric dipole moment, polarizability and first static hyperpolarizability values have been calculated. The results show that the title compound possesses nonlinear optical behavior with non-zero values. The thermodynamic properties of the compound were calculated at different temperatures. The local reactivity descriptors show that C(7) is most reactive site for nucleophilic attack.

  5. Charged pion form factor between $Q^2$=0.60 and 2.45 GeV$^2$. I. Measurements of the cross section for the ${^1}$H($e,e'\\pi^+$)$n$ reaction.

    SciTech Connect

    Blok, Henk; Horn, Tanja; Huber, Garth; Beise, Elizabeth; Gaskell, David; Mack, David; Tadevosyan, Vardan; Volmer, Jochen; Abbott, David; Aniol, Konrad; Anklin, Heinz; Armstrong, Christopher; Arrington, John; Assamagan, Ketevi; Avery, Steven; Baker, O; Barrett, Robert; Bochna, Christopher; Boeglin, Werner; Brash, Edward; Breuer, Herbert; Chang, C; Chang, C C; Chant, Nicholas; Christy, Michael; Dunne, James; Eden, Thomas; Ent, Rolf; Fenker, Howard; Gibson, Edward; Gilman, Ronald; Gustafsson, Kenneth; Hinton, Wendy; Holt, Roy; Jackson, Harold; uk Jin, Seong; Jones, Mark; Keppel, Cynthia; Kim, pyunghun; Kim, Wooyoung; King, Paul; Klein, Andreas; Koltenuk, Douglas; Kovaltchouk, Vitali; Liang, Meihua; Liu, Jinghua; Lolos, George; Lung, Allison; Margaziotis, Demetrius; Markowitz, Pete; Matsumura, Akihiko; McKee, David; Meekins, David; Mitchell, Joseph; Miyoshi, Toshinobu; Mkrtchyan, Hamlet; Mueller, Robert; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Okayasu, Yuichi; Pentchev, Lubomir; Perdrisat, Charles; Pitz, David; Potterveld, David; Punjabi, Vina; Qin, Liming; Reimer, Paul; Reinhold, Joerg; Roche, Julie; Roos, Philip; Sarty, Adam; Shin, Ilkyoung; Smith, Gregory; Stepanyan, Stepan; Tang, Liguang; Tvaskis, Vladas; van der Meer, Rob; Vansyoc, Kelley; Van Westrum, Derek; Vidakovic, Sandra; Vulcan, William; Warren, Glen; Wood, Stephen; Xu, C; Yan, Chen; Zhao, Wenxia; Zheng, Xiaochao; Zihlmann, Benedikt

    2008-10-01

    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.78.045202
    Cross sections for the reaction 1H(e,e'pi+)n were measured in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using the high-intensity Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) to determine the charged pion form factor. Data were taken for central four-momentum transfers ranging from Q2=0.60 to 2.45 GeV2 at an invariant mass of the virtual photon-nucleon system of W=1.95 and 2.22 GeV. The measured cross sections were separated into the four structure functions sigmaL,sigmaT,sigmaLT, and sigmaTT. The various parts of the experimental setup and the analysis steps are described in detail, including the calibrations and systematic studies, which were needed to obtain high-precision results. The different types of systematic uncertainties are also discussed. The results for the separated cross sections as a function of the Mandelstam variable t at the different values of Q2 are presented. Some global featu

  6. Cross sections and tensor analyzing powers A_yy of the reaction ^1H(|vec|d,pp)n in SCRE geometries at E_d=19 MeV

    SciTech Connect

    J. Ley; C. Dueweke; A. Emmerich; A. Imig; H. Paez gen. Schieck; J. Golak; H. Witala; Evgeny Epelbaum; A. Deltuva; A. C. Fonseca; W. Gloeckle; Ulf-G. Meissner; A. Nogga; P. U. Sauer

    2006-02-01

    We measured the cross sections and tensor analyzing powers of the 1H({approx}d,pp)n breakup reaction at Ed=19 MeV in four symmetric constant relative energy (SCRE) configurations. The data are compared with theoretical predictions from three different approaches: one based on high precision (semi)phenomenological potentials alone or combined with model three-nucleon forces, another on chiral forces up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in the chiral expansion. In both cases, the Coulomb interaction is not included. In addition, a comparison to predictions based on CD Bonn including the Lambda excitation and the Coulomb force is presented. In all cases the measured cross sections are significantly below the theoretical values whereas the magnitude of the tensor analyzing powers agree within the error bars in three of the four cases. The apparent discrepancies in the breakup cross sections are similar to the known differences for the space-star breakup. This adds to the data base of unsolved low-energy discrepancies.

  7. Infrared study on the formation of isocyanate in the NO and CO reaction on supported IR catalyst

    SciTech Connect

    Solymosi, F.; Rasko, J.

    1980-05-01

    An infrared study on the formation of isocyanate in the NO + CO reaction on supported Ir catalyst was conducted to elucidate the mechanism of ammonia formation during catalytic treatment of automobile exhaust gases and to develop a new catalytic route for ammonium isocyanate and isocyanic acid. On reduced iridium supported on alumina, silica, titanium dioxide, or magnesium oxide, the isocyanate species (2260-2240 cm/sup -//sup 1/) formed above 200/sup 0/C, with maximum intensity at 280/sup 0/-300/sup 0/C, from gaseous mixtures of nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, and from preadsorbed nitric oxide and gaseous carbon monoxide, but not from preadsorbed carbon monoxide and gaseous nitric oxide. The isocyanate decomposed on evacuation above 300/sup 0/C with formation of carbon monoxide and dioxide and molecular nitrogen. Oxidized iridium had similar spectra of lower intensities. The location of the isocyanate band depended on the support. The results were consistent with a proposed mechanism which accounted for all products detected, and which indicated the dissociative adsorption of nitric oxide as the rate-determining step and migration of the NCO species formed on iridium to the metal of the support oxide.

  8. Investigation of photoneutron reactions on {sup 192}Os and {sup 191,193}Ir at energies of relevance for the astrophysical p process

    SciTech Connect

    Hasper, J.; Zilges, A.; Galaviz, D.; Mueller, S.; Sauerwein, A.; Savran, D.; Schnorrenberger, L.; Sonnabend, K.

    2009-05-15

    We have investigated the photoneutron reactions on the isotopes {sup 192}Os and {sup 191,193}Ir for astrophysically relevant photon energies just above the neutron separation energy. The experiments were performed using the photoactivation technique at the superconducting Darmstadt linear electron accelerator (S-DALINAC). The measurements extend the existing experimental database on photoneutron reactions in this mass region and serve as an important test for the state-of-the-art statistical model calculations commonly used for the prediction of stellar reaction rates.

  9. Structural elucidation of the cyclic products obtained from TiCl 4-catalysed reaction of methyl cyclopropyl ketones with allyltrimethylsilane using 1H, 13C and two-dimensional homonuclear correlation shift spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monti, H.; Piras, P.; Afshari, M.; Faure, R.

    1991-02-01

    Methyl cyclopropyl ketones react with allyltrimethylsilane in the presence of a Lewis acid (TiCl 4) to afford a (46-47 ratio) of complex cyclic stereoisomers. The structure and stereochemistry of these compounds have been established by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and two-dimensional 1H 1H homonuclear shift correlation spectroscopy.

  10. Shaken not stirred: a facile synthesis of 1,4-bis(furo[2,3-d]-pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione-5-yl)benzenes by one-pot reaction of isocyanides, N,N'-dimethylbarbituric acid, and terephthaldialdehyde.

    PubMed

    Teimouri, Mohammad Bagher; Bazhrang, Reihaneh

    2006-07-15

    A simple and efficient synthesis of 1,4-bis(furo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione-5-yl)benzene derivatives was achieved via a one-pot three-component reaction of isocyanides, N,N'-dimethylbarbituric acid, and terephthaldialdehyde in DMF at room temperature for 30 min. These improved reaction conditions allow the preparation of highly substituted furopyrimidinones in high yields and purity under mild reaction conditions. PMID:16713257

  11. Adsorption and oxidation of formaldehyde on a polycrystalline Pt film electrode: An in situ IR spectroscopy search for adsorbed reaction intermediates

    PubMed Central

    Behm, R Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Summary As part of a mechanistic study of the electrooxidation of C1 molecules we have systematically investigated the dissociative adsorption/oxidation of formaldehyde on a polycrystalline Pt film electrode under experimental conditions optimizing the chance for detecting weakly adsorbed reaction intermediates. Employing in situ IR spectroscopy in an attenuated total reflection configuration (ATR-FTIRS) with p-polarized IR radiation to further improve the signal-to-noise ratio, and using low reaction temperatures (3 °C) and deuterium substitution to slow down the reaction kinetics and to stabilize weakly adsorbed reaction intermediates, we could detect an IR absorption band at 1660 cm−1 characteristic for adsorbed formyl intermediates. This assignment is supported by an isotope shift in wave number. Effects of temperature, potential and deuterium substitution on the formation and disappearance of different adsorbed species (COad, adsorbed formate, adsorbed formyl), are monitored and quantified. Consequences on the mechanism for dissociative adsorption and oxidation of formaldehyde are discussed. PMID:24991512

  12. Molecular structure, spectral investigation (1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Visible, FT-IR, FT-Raman), NBO, intramolecular hydrogen bonding, chemical reactivity and first hyperpolarizability analysis of formononetin [7-hydroxy-3(4-methoxyphenyl)chromone]: A quantum chemical study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srivastava, Anubha; Mishra, Rashmi; Kumar, Sudhir; Dev, Kapil; Tandon, Poonam; Maurya, Rakesh

    2015-03-01

    Formononetin [7-hydroxy-3(4-methoxyphenyl)chromone or 4‧-methoxy daidzein] is a soy isoflavonoid that is found abundantly in traditional Chinese medicine Astragalus mongholicus (Bunge) and Trifolium pretense L. (red clover), and in an Indian medicinal plant, Butea (B.) monosperma. Crude extract of B.monosperma is used for rapid healing of fracture in Indian traditional medicine. In this study, a combined theoretical and experimental approach is used to study the properties of formononetin. The optimized geometry was calculated by B3LYP method using 6-311++G(d,p) as a large basis set. The FT-Raman and FT-IR spectra were recorded in the solid phase, and interpreted in terms of potential energy distribution (PED) analysis. Density functional theory (DFT) is applied to explore the nonlinear optical properties of the molecule. Good consistency is found between the calculated results and observed data for the electronic absorption, IR and Raman spectra. The solvent effects have been calculated using time-dependent density functional theory in combination with the integral equation formalism polarized continuum model, and the results are in good agreement with observed measurements. The double well potential energy curve of the molecule about the respective bonds, have been plotted, as obtained from DFT/6-31G basis set. The computational results diagnose the most stable conformer of formononetin. The HOMO-LUMO energy gap of possible conformers has been calculated for comparing their chemical activity. Chemical reactivity has been measured by reactivity descriptors and molecular electrostatic potential surface (MEP). The 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of the molecule were calculated by the Gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO) method. Furthermore, the role of CHsbnd O intramolecular hydrogen bond in the stability of molecule is investigated on the basis of the results of topological properties of AIM theory and NBO analysis. The calculated first hyperpolarizability shows that the molecule is an attractive molecule for future applications in non-linear optics.

  13. Synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial evaluation of carbostyril derivatives of 1H-pyrazole

    PubMed Central

    Thumar, Nilesh J.; Patel, Manish P.

    2011-01-01

    A new series of 12 derivatives of 4-pyrazolyl-N-arylquinoline-2,5-dione (4a–l) were synthesized by one pot base catalyzed cyclocondensation reaction of 1-aryl-5-chloro-3-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carbaldehyde (1a–c), Meldrum’s acid (2) and 3-arylamino-5,5-disubstitutedcyclohex-2-enone (3a–d). All the compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral data and were screened, against six bacterial pathogens, namely Bacillus subtilis, Clostridium tetani, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholerae, Escherichia coli and antifungal activity, against two fungal pathogens Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans, using broth microdilution MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) method. Some of the compounds were found to be equipotent or more potent than commercial drugs, against most of the employed strains, as evident from the screening data. PMID:23960745

  14. Visible-light-induced, Ir-catalyzed reactions of N-methyl-N-((trimethylsilyl)methyl)aniline with cyclic α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds

    PubMed Central

    Lenhart, Dominik

    2014-01-01

    Summary N-Methyl-N-((trimethylsilyl)methyl)aniline was employed as reagent in visible-light-induced, iridium-catalyzed addition reactions to cyclic α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. Typical reaction conditions included the use of one equivalent of the reaction substrate, 1.5 equivalents of the aniline and 2.5 mol % (in MeOH) or 1.0 mol % (in CH2Cl2) [Ir(ppy)2(dtbbpy)]BF4 as the catalyst. Two major reaction products were obtained in combined yields of 30–67%. One product resulted from aminomethyl radical addition, the other product was a tricyclic compound, which is likely formed by attack of the intermediately formed α-carbonyl radical at the phenyl ring. For five-membered α,β-unsaturated lactone and lactam substrates, the latter products were the only products isolated. For the six-membered lactones and lactams and for cyclopentenone the simple addition products prevailed. PMID:24778745

  15. Teaching 1H NMR Spectrometry Using Computer Modeling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Habata, Yoichi; Akabori, Sadatoshi

    2001-01-01

    Molecular modeling by computer is used to display stereochemistry, molecular orbitals, structure of transition states, and progress of reactions. Describes new ideas for teaching 1H NMR spectroscopy using computer modeling. (Contains 12 references.) (ASK)

  16. Spatially resolved in situ determination of reaction progress using microfluidic systems and FT-IR spectroscopy as a tool for biocatalytic process development.

    PubMed

    Fagaschewski, Janosch; Sellin, Daniel; Wiedenhfer, Charles; Bohne, Sven; Trieu, Hoc K; Hilterhaus, Lutz

    2015-07-01

    A concept for the determination of concentrations in microchannels using FT-IR spectroscopy in transmission is presented. The fundamental idea of spatially resolved measurements along several measuring points was implemented in a single-channel microreactor. Compared to existing microreactor setups for the analysis of fast chemical reactions or mixing processes, the presented concept enables longer residence times at appropriate resolution. Once steady-state conditions were reached in the reactor, mid-infrared spectra were collected at different locations. Information throughout the considered conversion range is available, which is of great importance to analyze inhibitory effects, next to the kinetic constants (vmax and KM). Therefore, this technology enables a rapid screening of (bio-)catalysts, substrate specificity and process conditions. In particular, the analysis of real substrates instead of model substrates and the possibility to follow side reactions and follow-up reactions during enzymatic catalysis open a broad field of application. PMID:25732540

  17. CAMPATH-1H (Cambridge University).

    PubMed

    Rioux, P

    1999-02-01

    CAMPATH-1H, a T-cell-depleting, humanized monoclonal antibody, is under development by LeukoSite and ILEX for the potential treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In August 1998, ILEX completed enrollment of a pivotal clinical trial of CAMPATH-1H in the treatment of CLL. The study has enrolled 94 patients at 20 centers in the US and Europe. It is anticipated that achievement of the target response would result in a biologics license application being filed with the FDA in mid-1999. Preliminary unaudited results reported by one of the clinical sites were positive. Additional potential therapeutic areas include vasculitis and multiple sclerosis. Preliminary studies have also shown the antibody may reverse acute renal transplant rejection episodes and be useful in ex vivo purging of bone marrow to remove potentially malignant cells. The US FDA has granted Fast Track designation to CAMPATH. The product has orphan drug status. PMID:16160950

  18. Process development utilizing advanced technologies: the RC1 reaction calorimeter, the multifunctional SimuSolv software, and the ReactIR reaction analysis system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Landau, Ralph N.; Penix, Susan M.; Donahue, Steven M.; Rein, Alan J.

    1992-08-01

    In-situ FTIR has been used to monitor reactions occurring in an automated laboratory calorimeter. The study successfully acquired both Arrhenius parameters and heats of reaction from a single experiment. The combination of enhanced control and measurement sensitivity affords an efficient method of reaction monitoring and process development. In addition to providing composition monitoring, the FTIR-based analysis system revealed reaction pathway information. The highly controllable automated laboratory calorimeter accurately and precisely regulated and recorded reaction conditions leading to the estimation of model parameters with high confidence.

  19. Stopped flow apparatus for time-resolved Fourier transform infrared difference spectroscopy of biological macromolecules in 1H2O.

    PubMed

    Masuch, Ralf; Moss, David A

    2003-11-01

    Stopped flow spectroscopy is an established technique for acquiring kinetic data on dynamic processes in chemical and biochemical reactions, and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) techniques can provide particularly rich structural information on biological macromolecules. However, it is a considerable challenge to design an FT-IR stopped flow system with an optical path length low enough for work with aqueous (1H2O) solutions. The system presented here is designed for minimal sample volumes (approximately 5 microL) and allows simultaneous FT-IR rapid-scan and VIS measurements. The system employs a micro-structured diffusional mixer to achieve effective mixing on the millisecond time scale under moderate flow and pressure conditions, allowing measurements in a cell path length of less than 10 microns. This makes it possible to record spectra in 1H2O solutions over a wide spectral range. The system layout is also designed for a combination of kinetic and static measurements, in particular to obtain detailed information on the faster spectral changes occurring during the system dead time. A detailed characterization of the FT-IR stopped flow system is presented, including a demonstration of the alkaline conformational transition of cytochrome c as an example. PMID:14658156

  20. Tetrahydroindeno[1',2':4,5]pyrrolo[1,2-a]imidazol-5(1H)-ones as novel neonicotinoid insecticides: reaction selectivity and substituent effects on the activity level.

    PubMed

    Chen, Nanyang; Meng, Xiaoqing; Zhu, Fengjuan; Cheng, Jiagao; Shao, Xusheng; Li, Zhong

    2015-02-11

    Tetraheterocyclic tetrahydroindeno[1',2':4,5]pyrrolo[1,2-a]imidazol-5(1H)-one derivatives as novel neonicotinoid candidates were designed and prepared by selective etherification, chlorination and esterification of ninhydrin-heterocyclic ketene aminals adducts. Some of the designed compounds showed excellent insecticidal activity against cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora), brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens), and armyworm (Mythimna separata). In particular, the activity against armyworm (Mythimna separata) improved a lot in contrast with that of imidacloprid and cycloxaprid. The research here provides a novel neonicotinoid chemotype for further development. PMID:25611859

  1. A study of the reactions of ethanol on CeO{sub 2} and Pd/CeO{sub 2} by steady state reactions, temperature programmed desorption, and in situ FT-IR

    SciTech Connect

    Yee, A.; Morrison, S.J.; Idriss, H.

    1999-09-10

    The reaction of ethanol on unreduced and H{sub 2}-reduced CeO{sub 2} and 1 wt% Pd/CeO{sub 2} has been investigated by steady state reactions, temperature programmed desorption (TPD), and in situ Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Steady state reactions have shown a zero reaction order dependency for diatomic oxygen at and above 20%, while the addition of Pd to CeO{sub 2} decreases the apparent activation energy of the reaction from 75 kJ/mol on CeO{sub 2} alone to 40 kJ/mol (Pd/CeO{sub 2}). TPD experiments following ethanol adsorption on both CeO{sub 2} and Pd/CeO{sub 2} have shown desorption profiles corresponding to unreacted ethanol and various reaction and decomposition products (acetaldehyde, acetone, CO, CO{sub 2}, and methane). Ethanol conversion to reaction products was increased by the addition of Pd, from 15 to 30% on CeO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}-reduced CeO{sub 2}, to 71 and 63% on Pd/CeO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}-reduced Pd/CeO{sub 2}, respectively.

  2. Evaluation of a setting reaction pathway in the novel composite TiHA-CSD bone cement by FT-Raman and FT-IR spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paluszkiewicz, Czes?awa; Czechowska, Joanna; ?lsarczyk, Anna; Paszkiewicz, Zofia

    2013-02-01

    The aim of this study was to determine a setting reaction pathway in a novel, surgically handy implant material, based on calcium sulfate hemihydrate (CSH) and titanium doped hydroxyapatite (TiHA). The previous studies confirmed superior biological properties of TiHA in comparison to the undoped hydroxyapatite (HA) what makes it highly attractive for future medical applications. In this study the three types of titanium modified HA powders: untreated, calcined at 800 C, sintered at 1250 C and CSH were used to produce bone cements. The Fourier Transform-InfraRed (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy were applied to evaluate processes taking place during the setting of the studied materials. Our results undoubtedly confirmed that the reaction pathways and the phase compositions differed significantly for set cements and were dependent on the initial heat treatment of TiHA powder. Final materials were multiphase composites consisting of calcium sulfate dihydrate, bassanite, tricalcium phosphate, hydroxyapatite and calcium titanate (perovskite). The FT-IR and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) measurements performed after the incubation of the cement samples in the simulated body fluid (SBF), indicate on high bioactive potential of the obtained bone cements.

  3. Small-volume, ultrahigh-vacuum-compatible high-pressure reaction cell for combined kinetic and in situ IR spectroscopic measurements on planar model catalysts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Z.; Diemant, T.; Häring, T.; Rauscher, H.; Behm, R. J.

    2005-12-01

    We describe the design and performance of a high-pressure reaction cell for simultaneous kinetic and in situ infrared reflection (IR) spectroscopic measurements on model catalysts at elevated pressures, between 10-3 and 103mbars, which can be operated both as batch reactor and as flow reactor with defined gas flow. The cell is attached to an ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) system, which is used for sample preparation and also contains facilities for sample characterization. Specific for this design is the combination of a small cell volume, which allows kinetic measurements with high sensitivity under batch or continuous flow conditions, the complete isolation of the cell from the UHV part during UHV measurements, continuous temperature control during both UHV and high-pressure operation, and rapid transfer between UHV and high-pressure stage. Gas dosing is performed by a designed gas-handling system, which allows operation as flow reactor with calibrated gas flows at adjustable pressures. To study the kinetics of reactions on the model catalysts, a quadrupole mass spectrometer is connected to the high-pressure cell. IR measurements are possible in situ by polarization-modulation infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy, which also allows measurements at elevated pressures. The performance of the setup is demonstrated by test measurements on the kinetics for CO oxidation and the CO adsorption on a Au /TiO2/Ru(0001) model catalyst film at 1-50 mbar total pressure.

  4. 4,5-Dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine containing phenothiazines as antitubercular agents.

    PubMed

    Siddiqui, Arif B; Trivedi, Amit R; Kataria, Vipul B; Shah, Viresh H

    2014-03-15

    A series of novel dihydropyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives bearing a phenothiazine nucleus were synthesized in excellent yields via a modified Biginelli multicomponent reaction. The newly synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, Mass spectra and elemental analysis followed by antimycobacterial screening. Among all the screened compounds, compound 4g showed most pronounced activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.02μg/mL, making it more potent than first line antitubercular drug isoniazid. PMID:24582983

  5. Measurement of the 187Re(α ,n )190Ir reaction cross section at sub-Coulomb energies using the Cologne Clover Counting Setup

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scholz, P.; Endres, A.; Hennig, A.; Netterdon, L.; Becker, H. W.; Endres, J.; Mayer, J.; Giesen, U.; Rogalla, D.; Schlüter, F.; Pickstone, S. G.; Zell, K. O.; Zilges, A.

    2014-12-01

    Background: Uncertainties in adopted models of particle+nucleu s optical-model potentials directly influence the accuracy in the theoretical predictions of reaction rates as they are needed for reaction-network calculations in, for instance, γ -process nucleosynthesis. The improvement of the α +nucleu s optical-model potential is hampered by the lack of experimental data at astrophysically relevant energies especially for heavier nuclei. Purpose: Measuring the 187Re(α ,n )190Ir reaction cross section at sub-Coulomb energies extends the scarce experimental data available in this mass region and helps understanding the energy dependence of the imaginary part of the α +nucleus optical-model potential at low energies. Method: Applying the activation method, after the irradiation of natural rhenium targets with α -particle energies of 12.4 to 14.1 MeV, the reaction yield and thus the reaction cross section were determined via γ -ray spectroscopy by using the Cologne Clover Counting Setup and the method of γ γ coincidences. Results: Cross-section values at five energies close to the astrophysically relevant energy region were measured. Statistical model calculations revealed discrepancies between the experimental values and predictions based on widely used α +nucleus optical-model potentials. However, an excellent reproduction of the measured cross-section values could be achieved from calculations based on the so-called Sauerwein-Rauscher α +nucleus optical-model potential. Conclusion: The results obtained indicate that the energy dependence of the imaginary part of the α +nucleus optical-model potential can be described by an exponential decrease. Successful reproductions of measured cross sections at low energies for α -induced reactions in the mass range 141 ≤A ≤187 confirm the global character of the Sauerwein-Rauscher potential.

  6. Time-resolved mid-IR spectroscopy of (bio)chemical reactions in solution utilizing a new generation of continuous-flow micro-mixers.

    PubMed

    Wagner, Christoph; Buchegger, Wolfgang; Vellekoop, Michael; Kraft, Martin; Lendl, Bernhard

    2011-06-01

    A specially designed micro-mixer made of silicon, calcium fluoride, and silicone with an optical transmission path of 8 μm has been used for mid-IR spectroscopy monitoring of mixing-induced chemical reactions in the low millisecond time regime. The basic principle of the proposed continuous-flow technique is to mix two liquids introduced in two times two alternatingly stacked layers through diffusion at the entrance of a 200 μm wide, 1 cm long micro-fluidic channel also serving as measurement area. By using this special, dedicated arrangement, diffusion lengths and hence the mixing times can be significantly shortened and the overall performance improved in comparison to previous systems and alternative methods. Measurements were carried out in transmission mode using an Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microscope, recording spectra with spot sizes of 180 × 100 μm(2) each at defined spots along this channel. Each of these spots corresponds to a specific reaction time: moving the measurement spot towards the entry yields shorter reaction times, moving it towards the channel's end gives longer reaction times. This principle is generic in nature and provides a solution for accurate, chemically induced triggering of reactions requiring the mixing of two liquid reagents or reagent solutions. A typical experiment thus yields up to 85 time-coded data points, covering a time span from 1 to 80 ms at a total reagent consumption of only about 125 μL. Using the fast neutralization reaction of acetic acid with sodium hydroxide as a model, the time required for 90% mixing was determined to be around 4 ms. Additionally, first experiments on ubiquitin changing its secondary structure from native to "A-state" were carried out, illustrating the potential for time-resolved measurements of proteins in aqueous solutions. PMID:21369756

  7. A novel fluoro-chromogenic click reaction for the labelling of proteins and nanoparticles with near-IR theranostic agents.

    PubMed

    Planas, Oriol; Gallavardin, Thibault; Nonell, Santi

    2015-04-01

    Reaction of porphycene isothiocyanates with primary and secondary amines leads to the formation of thiazolo[4,5-c]porphycenes, with a substantial shift in the absorption and fluorescence spectra. The conjugates show fluorescence in the near-infrared and are capable of photosensitizing the production of the cytotoxic species singlet oxygen. PMID:25531206

  8. FT-IR product study of the reactions of NO3 radicals with ortho-, meta-, and para-cresol.

    PubMed

    Olariu, R I; Barnes, I; Bejan, I; Arsene, C; Vione, D; Klotz, B; Becker, K H

    2013-07-16

    Product analyses of the NO3 radical-initiated oxidation of ortho-, meta-, and para-cresol have been performed in large-volume chamber systems at the University of Wuppertal (1080 L quartz glass reactor: QUAREC) and the European Photoreactor (EUPHORE), Valencia, Spain. The reaction of O3 with NO2 was used for the in situ generation of NO3 radicals in both QUAREC and EUPHORE. In the QUAREC experiments the gas-phase reaction of ortho-cresol isomer with NO3 yielded (11.5 ± 0.8) % 6-methyl-2-nitrophenol (6M2NP), (4.4 ± 0.3) % methyl-1,4-benzoquinone (MQUIN) and (77.2 ± 6.3) % HNO3. The reaction of NO3 radicals with meta-cresol yielded (21.2 ± 1.4) % 3-methyl-2-nitrophenol (3M2NP), (22.8 ± 1.8) % 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (3M4NP), (23.5 ± 1.8) % 5-methyl-2-nitrophenol (5M2NP), (4.2 ± 0.7) % MQUIN and (72.3 ± 6.4) % HNO3. In the reaction of NO3 radicals with para-cresol, 4-methyl-2-nitrophenol (4M2NP) and HNO3 were identified as products with yields of (41.3 ± 3.7) % and (85.0 ± 10.2) %, respectively. In the EUPHORE chamber not all products were formed at levels above the detection limit, however, in cases where detection was possible similar product yields were observed. The product formation yields determined in both chambers are compared with available literature data and a gas-phase mechanism is proposed to explain the formation of the products observed from the reaction of NO3 and with cresol isomers. PMID:23751015

  9. IR study of fundamental chemical reactions in atomic layer deposition of HfO2 with tetrakis(ethylmethylamino)hafnium (TEMAH), ozone, and water vapor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirose, F.; Kinoshita, Y.; Kanomata, K.; Momiyama, K.; Kubota, S.; Hirahara, K.; Kimura, Y.; Niwano, M.

    2012-07-01

    The fundamental reactions in HfO2 atomic layer deposition (ALD) with the precursors tetrakis(ethylmethylamino)hafnium (TEMAH), ozone, and water vapor on Si (1 0 0) surfaces at room temperature (RT) were studied by infrared absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) with a multiple internal reflection geometry. The IRAS results indicated that TEMAH can be adsorbed at OH sites on Si surfaces at RT. Ozone irradiation on the TEMAH-adsorbed Si surface at RT effectively removes hydroaminocarbon adsorbates introduced in the course of TEMAH adsorption, although this treatment provides no OH-group adsorption sites for TEMAH on the Si surface at RT. For further adsorption, water-vapor treatment at around 160 °C is effective in restoring the adsorption sites. The IR study suggests that the cyclic process of TEMAH adsorption and ozone treatment at RT followed by OH restoration with water vapor at a temperature of 160 °C allows continuous HfO2 deposition.

  10. Spectroscopic IR, EPR, and operando DRIFT insights into surface reaction pathways of selective reduction of NO by propene over the Co-BEA zeolite.

    PubMed

    Pietrzyk, Piotr; Dujardin, Christophe; Góra-Marek, Kinga; Granger, Pascal; Sojka, Zbigniew

    2012-02-21

    Interaction of a Co-BEA catalyst with individual components (NO, C(3)H(6), CO, O(2)) and mixtures simulating the real feed of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide in static and pulse experiments at variable temperatures was investigated by means of IR, EPR, and operando DRIFT spectroscopy coupled with QMS/GC analysis of the products. Speciation of cobalt active sites into Co(II), mono- and polynuclear oxo-cobalt species as well as CoO clusters was quantified by IR using CO and NO as probe molecules. The key intermediates, by-products, and final products of the SCR reaction were identified and their spectroscopic signatures ascertained. Based on the spectroscopic operando results, a concise mechanistic scheme of the selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide by propene, triggered by a two-electron Co(II)/Co(0) redox couple, was developed. It consists of a complex network of the sequential/parallel selective reduction steps that are interlocked by the rival nonselective oxidation of the intermediates and their thermal decomposition. It has been shown that the SCR process is initiated by the chemoselective capture of NO from the reaction mixture by the cobalt active sites leading to the cobalt(II) dinitrosyls, which in the excess of oxygen are partially oxidized to surface nitrates and nitrites. N(2)O is produced by semi-decomposition of the dinitrosyl intermediates on the mononuclear centers, whereas NO(2)via NO oxidation on the polynuclear oxo-cobalt sites. Cyanide and isocyanate species, formed together with propene oxygenates in the course of the C=C bond scission, are the mechanistically pivotal reaction intermediates of C(3)H(6) interaction with the dinitrosyles and NO(3)(-)/NO(2)(-) surface species. Dinitrogen is produced by three main reaction routes involving oxidation of cyanides by NO/NO(2), reduction of dinitrosyls, nitrates, and nitrites by propene oxygenates (medium temperature range) or their reduction by carbon monoxide (high temperature range). PMID:22134498

  11. Two bisthienylethene-Ir(III) complexes showing acid/base-induced structural transformation and on-off luminescence switching in solution.

    PubMed

    Cao, Deng-Ke; Hu, Jiong-Sheng; Li, Min-Qiang; Gong, Dan-Ping; Li, Xiao-Xiong; Ward, Michael D

    2015-12-28

    Complexes [Ir(dfppy)2(pbdtiH)](PF6)·2CHCl3 (1-H) and [Ir(dfppy)2(pbdti)] (1) were synthesized by the reaction of bisthienylethene pbdtiH and an [Ir(dfppy)2Cl]2 dimer under neutral and basic conditions, respectively. Thus, the {Ir(dfppy)2}(+) unit is coordinated by pbdtiH in 1-H, and by pbdti(-) in 1, which are confirmed by their crystal structures. The structures of 1-H and 1 could be interconverted in solution, upon alternately adding NEt3 and TFA, thus resulting in reversible luminescence switching between the on-state of 1-H and the off-state of 1 at room temperature. In addition, both 1-H and 1 show solid-state luminescence, with a broad emission at 534 nm and 525 nm, respectively. The free pbdtiH ligand shows photochromic behavior in CH2Cl2 solution. However, no photochromism has been observed in 1-H and 1, indicating that the coordination of the pbdtiH/pbdti(-) ligand to the {Ir(dfppy)2}(+) unit could suppress their photochromic behaviors. PMID:26586364

  12. Photochemical parameters of atmospheric source gases: accurate determination of OH reaction rate constants over atmospheric temperatures, UV and IR absorption spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Orkin, V. L.; Khamaganov, V. G.; Martynova, L. E.; Kurylo, M. J.

    2012-12-01

    The emissions of halogenated (Cl, Br containing) organics of both natural and anthropogenic origin contribute to the balance of and changes in the stratospheric ozone concentration. The associated chemical cycles are initiated by the photochemical decomposition of the portion of source gases that reaches the stratosphere. Reactions with hydroxyl radicals and photolysis are the main processes dictating the compound lifetime in the troposphere and release of active halogen in the stratosphere for a majority of halogen source gases. Therefore, the accuracy of photochemical data is of primary importance for the purpose of comprehensive atmospheric modeling and for simplified kinetic estimations of global impacts on the atmosphere, such as in ozone depletion (i.e., the Ozone Depletion Potential, ODP) and climate change (i.e., the Global Warming Potential, GWP). The sources of critically evaluated photochemical data for atmospheric modeling, NASA/JPL Publications and IUPAC Publications, recommend uncertainties within 10%-60% for the majority of OH reaction rate constants with only a few cases where uncertainties lie at the low end of this range. These uncertainties can be somewhat conservative because evaluations are based on the data from various laboratories obtained during the last few decades. Nevertheless, even the authors of the original experimental works rarely estimate the total combined uncertainties of the published OH reaction rate constants to be less than ca. 10%. Thus, uncertainties in the photochemical properties of potential and current atmospheric trace gases obtained under controlled laboratory conditions still may constitute a major source of uncertainty in estimating the compound's environmental impact. One of the purposes of the presentation is to illustrate the potential for obtaining accurate laboratory measurements of the OH reaction rate constant over the temperature range of atmospheric interest. A detailed inventory of accountable sources of instrumental uncertainties related to our FP-RF experiment proves a total uncertainty of the OH reaction rate constant to be as small as ca. 2-3%. The high precision of kinetic measurements allows reliable determination of weak temperature dependences of the rate constants and clear resolution of the curvature of the Arrhenius plots for the OH reaction rate constants of various compounds. The results of OH reaction rate constant determinations between 220 K and 370 K will be presented. Similarly, the accuracy of UV and IR absorption measurements will be highlighted to provide an improved basis for atmospheric modeling.

  13. Measurement of the Two-Halo Neutron Transfer Reaction {sup 1}H({sup 11}Li,{sup 9}Li){sup 3}H at 3A MeV

    SciTech Connect

    Tanihata, I.; Alcorta, M.; Bandyopadhyay, D.; Bieri, R.; Buchmann, L.; Davids, B.; Galinski, N.; Howell, D.; Mills, W.; Mythili, S.; Openshaw, R.; Padilla-Rodal, E.; Ruprecht, G.; Sheffer, G.; Shotter, A. C.; Trinczek, M.; Walden, P.; Savajols, H.; Roger, T.; Caamano, M.

    2008-05-16

    The p({sup 11}Li,{sup 9}Li)t reaction has been studied for the first time at an incident energy of 3A MeV at the new ISAC-2 facility at TRIUMF. An active target detector MAYA, built at GANIL, was used for the measurement. The differential cross sections have been determined for transitions to the {sup 9}Li ground and first excited states in a wide range of scattering angles. Multistep transfer calculations using different {sup 11}Li model wave functions show that wave functions with strong correlations between the halo neutrons are the most successful in reproducing the observation.

  14. Towards high-level theoretical studies of large biodiesel molecules: an ONIOM [QCISD(T)/CBS:DFT] study of hydrogen abstraction reactions of C(n)H(2n+1)COOC(m)H(2m+1) + H.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lidong; Zhang, Peng

    2015-01-01

    Recent interest in biodiesel combustion urges the need for the theoretical chemical kinetics of large alkyl ester molecules. This is, however, computationally challenging for prevalent high-level electronic structure theory based methods. The hydrogen abstraction reactions of alky esters CnH2n+1COOCmH2m+1 (n = 1-5, 9, 15; m = 1, 2) by a hydrogen radical were investigated by a computational technique based on a two-layer ONIOM method, employing a QCISD(T)/CBS method for the high layer and a DFT method for the low layer. The calculated energy barriers and heats of reaction, using the ONIOM method with a minimum of the required chemically active portion, are in very good agreement with those obtained using the widely accepted high-level QCISD(T)/CBS theory because the computational errors were less than 0.1 kcal mol(-1) for all the tested cases. The ONIOM[QCISD(T)/CBS:DFT] method provides a computationally accurate and affordable approach to the high-level theoretical chemical kinetics of large biodiesel molecules. PMID:25382675

  15. On the road from formamide ices to nucleobases: IR-spectroscopic observation of a direct reaction between cyano radicals and formamide in a high-energy impact event.

    PubMed

    Ferus, Martin; Civiš, Svatopluk; Mládek, Arnošt; Šponer, Jiří; Juha, Libor; Šponer, Judit E

    2012-12-26

    The formamide-based synthesis of nucleic acids is considered as a nonaqueous scenario for the emergence of biomolecules from inorganic matter. In the current study, we scrutinized the chemical composition of formamide ices mixed with an FeNi meteorite material treated with laser-induced dielectric breakdown plasma created in nitrogen buffer gas. These experiments aimed to capture the first steps of those chemical transformations that may lead to the formation of nucleobases during the impact of an extraterrestrial icy body containing formamide on an early Earth atmosphere. High-resolution FT-IR spectroscopy combined with quantum chemical calculations was used to analyze the volatile fraction of the products formed during such an event. We have found that the spectrum of the evaporated formamide ices is dominated by the spectral signatures of the dimeric form of formamide. Upon exposure to laser sparks, new well-defined bands appear in the spectrum centered at ~820, ~995, and ~1650 cm(-1). On the basis of quantum chemical calculations, these bands can be assigned to the absorptions of 2-amino-2-hydroxy-acetonitrile and to 2-amino-2-hydroxy-malononitrile, which are formed in a direct reaction between formamide and CN(•) radicals upon the high-energy impact event. We also show that there is an exergonic reaction route via these intermediates leading to diaminomaleonitrile, which is generally considered to play a key role in the synthesis of nucleobases. PMID:23193998

  16. Photoinduced reactions of organic compounds with transition-metal complexes. VII. Photochemical oxidative coupling of arenes under the action of chloride complexes of Os(IV), Ir(IV), and Rh(III)

    SciTech Connect

    Shul'pin, G.B.; Nizova, G.V.; Serdobov, M.V.

    1987-08-10

    The irradiation of solutions of anisole and the complex OsCl/sub 6//sup 2 -/, IrCl/sub 6//sup 2 -/, or RhCl/sub 3/ in acetic acid leads to the formation of dimethoxybiphenyls. Reaction probably starts with the transfer of an electron from the arene to an excited species of the complex.

  17. Synthesis, characterization and theoretical studies of 5-(benzylthio)-1-cylopentyl-1H-tetrazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saglam, S.; Disli, A.; Erdogdu, Y.; Marchewka, M. K.; Kanagathara, N.; Bay, B.; Güllüoğlu, M. T.

    2015-01-01

    In this study, 5-(benzylthio)-1-cylopentyl-1H-tetrazole (5B1C1HT) have been synthesized. Boiling points of the obtained compound have been determined and it has been characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C-APT and LC-MS spectroscopy techniques. The FT-IR, 1H NMR and 13C-APT spectral measurements of the 5B1C1HT compound and complete assignment of the vibrational bands observed in spectra has been discussed. The spectra were interpreted with the aid of normal coordinate analysis following full structure optimization and force field calculations based on Density Functional Theory (DFT) at 6-311++G**, cc-pVDZ and cc-pVTZ basis sets. The optimized geometry with 6-311++G** basis sets were used to determine the total energy distribution, harmonic vibrational frequencies, IR intensities.

  18. Measurements of G{sub E}{sup n}/G{sub M}{sup n} from the {sup 2}H({rvec e}, e{prime}{rvec n}){sup 1}H reaction to Q{sup 2} = 1.45 (GeV/c){sup 2}

    SciTech Connect

    R. Madey; A. Yu. Semenov; S. Taylor; B. Plaster; et. Al.

    2003-09-01

    We report new measurements of the ratio of the electric form factor to the magnetic form factor of the neutron, G{sub E}{sup n}/G{sub M}{sup n}, obtained via recoil polarimetry from the quasielastic {sup 2}H({rvec e}, e{prime}{rvec n}){sup 1}H reaction at Q{sup 2} values of 0.45, 1.13, and 1.45 (GeV/c){sup 2} with relative statistical uncertainties of 7.6 and 8.4% at the two higher Q{sup 2} points, which were not reached previously via polarization measurements. Scale and systematic uncertainties are small.

  19. Measurements of the neutron electric to magnetic form factor ratio G{sub En}/G{sub Mn} via the {sup 2}H(e{yields},e{sup '}n{yields}){sup 1}H reaction to Q{sup 2}=1.45 (GeV/c){sup 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Plaster, B.; Semenov, A.Yu.; Semenova, I.A.; Aghalaryan, A.; Asaturyan, R.; Mkrtchyan, H.; Stepanyan, S.; Tadevosyan, V.; Crouse, E.; Finn, J.M.; Perdrisat, C.; Roche, J.; MacLachlan, G.; Opper, A.K.; Tajima, S.; Churchwell, S.; Howell, C.R.; Tireman, W.; Ahmidouch, A.; Anderson, B. D.

    2006-02-15

    We report values for the neutron electric to magnetic form factor ratio, G{sub En}/G{sub Mn}, deduced from measurements of the neutron's recoil polarization in the quasielastic {sup 2}H(e{yields},e{sup '}n{yields}){sup 1}H reaction, at three Q{sup 2} values of 0.45, 1.13, and 1.45 (GeV/c){sup 2}. The data at Q{sup 2}=1.13 and 1.45 (GeV/c){sup 2} are the first direct experimental measurements of G{sub En} employing polarization degrees of freedom in the Q{sup 2}>1 (GeV/c){sup 2} region and stand as the most precise determinations of G{sub En} for all values of Q{sup 2}.

  20. FT-IR, FT-Raman, molecular structure, first order hyperpolarizability, HOMO and LUMO analysis, MEP and NBO analysis of 3-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione, a potential bioactive agent

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosline Sebastian, S. H.; Attia, Mohamed I.; Almutairi, Maha S.; El-Emam, Ali A.; Panicker, C. Yohannan; Van Alsenoy, Christian

    2014-11-01

    The optimized molecular structure, vibrational frequencies, corresponding vibrational assignments of 3-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione have been investigated experimentally and theoretically using Gaussian09 software package. Potential energy distribution of normal modes vibrations was done using GAR2PED program. The HOMO and LUMO analysis are used to determine the charge transfer within the molecule. The stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using NBO analysis. The calculated geometrical parameters are in agreement with the XRD data. The calculated first hyperpolarizability is high and the title compound is an attractive candidate for further studies in nonlinear optical applications. To estimate the chemical reactivity of the molecule, the molecular electrostatic potential is calculated for the optimized geometry of the molecule.

  1. Unexpected reactions of 2,5-dimethylthiopene (2,5-Me{sub 2}t) in Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 5}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T){sup 2+}, Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T), and Cp{sup *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) with cobaltocene

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, J.; Daniels, L.M.; Angelica, R.J.

    1996-02-20

    The reaction of Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 5}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T){sup 2+} (1) (Cp{sup *} = {eta}{sup 5}-C{sub 5}Me{sub 5}) with the reducing agent Cp{sub 2}Co yields Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (2) and Cp{sup *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (3), as well as the unexpected Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T{center_dot}C{sub 5}H{sub 4}) (4), which can also be prepared by reacting 1 with Cp{sup -}. An X-ray diffraction study of 4 shows the {eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T{center_dot}C{sub 5}H{sub 5} ligand to be a ring-opened 2,5-Me{sub 2}T allyl thiolate conjugated to a cyclopentadienylidene unit. The reduced products 2 and 3 react with Cp{sub 2}Co to give a ferrole-type product Cp{sup *}[IrC(Me)=CHCH=C(Me)]CoCp in which the planar iridacyclopentadiene ring is {pi}-bonded to the cobalt, as established by a structural investigation. The Cp{sup *}Co analog of 5 is prepared by the reaction of 2 or 3 with Cp{sup *}Co(CH{sub 2}=CH{sub 2}){sub 2}. These studies demonstrate that cobaltocene and Cp{sup *}Co(CH{sub 2}=CH{sub 2}){sub 2} readily desulfurize the 2,5-dimethylthiophene ligand in 2 and 3, which supports a previously proposed mechanism for the thiophene hydrodesulfurization. 37 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

  2. Unusual group migration and C(sp3)-H activation leading to stable metallacycles in the reactions of Cp*IrS2C2B10H10 and aryl azides.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Wei; Xie, Mingshi; Jiang, Qibai; Li, Yizhi; Yan, Hong

    2012-02-18

    The thermal or photochemical reactions of Cp*IrS(2)C(2)B(10)H(10) (1) and aryl azides lead to C-C coupling via C(sp(3))-H activation in 2 as well as the formation of C-S bonds and new-type SSN pincer ligands in 3-8 through ortho-substituted electron-withdrawing group migration over an aryl ring. PMID:22246206

  3. Rapid determination of γ-value and xanthate group distribution on viscose by liquid-state (1)H NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Wöss, Kateryna; Weber, Hansjörg; Grundnig, Peter; Röder, Thomas; Weber, Hedda K

    2016-05-01

    A method for the determination of the γ-value and more importantly the distribution of xanthate groups on cellulose xanthate produced during the viscose process is presented. The method is based upon stabilization of xanthate groups attached to the cellulose chain by reaction with 4-methylbenzyl bromide and analysis of the resulting product by liquid-state (1)H NMR. Careful analysis of the proton-spectrum using deconvolution gave a very fast method for the measurement of the γ-value which compared well with the data obtained by IR spectroscopy. In addition it could be shown that the distribution of the xanthate groups on the anhydroglucose monomeric unit (xanthation at position 2, 3 or 6) changes significantly during ripening. The method gave useful results even for viscose with low γ-values of about 25. PMID:26877011

  4. Functional group analysis during ozonation of sunflower oil methyl esters by FT-IR and NMR.

    PubMed

    Soriano, Nestor U; Migo, Veronica P; Matsumura, Masatoshi

    2003-12-01

    Ozonation of neat sunflower oil (SFO) methyl esters was monitored by FT-IR and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. During the early stage of ozonation, ozone absorption was essentially quantitative. This was accompanied by the formation of 1,2,4-trioxolane. IR and NMR spectra of ozonated samples showed that scission of ozonide to give aldehyde were minimal. 1H NMR analysis revealed that the amount of ozonide relative to aldehyde was more than 90% regardless of the extent of ozonation. Complete ozonation was attained after supplying around 0.20 g O3/ml methyl ester after which ozone absorption suddenly dropped to around 25%. At the latter part of ozonation, ozonide and aldehyde reacted with excess ozone to give carboxylic acid. Reaction products were identified according to Criegee mechanism. PMID:14623448

  5. The synthesis, X-ray crystal structure and optical properties of novel 1-ferrocenyl-2-(3-phenyl-1 H-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylthio)ethanone derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Wei-Yong; Xie, Yong-Sheng; Zhao, Bao-Xiang; Lian, Song; Lv, Hong-Shui; Gong, Zhong-Liang; Shin, Dong-Soo

    2010-09-01

    A series of novel 1-ferrocenyl-2-(3-phenyl-1 H-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylthio)ethanone derivatives was synthesized by the reaction of 3-substituted-1 H-1,2,4-triazole-5-thiol and chloroacetyl ferrocene in the presence of sodium hydride and potassium iodide at reflux. The structures of the new compounds were determined by IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and HRMS. The structure of compound 5c was established by X-ray crystallography. UV-vis absorption and fluorescence spectra were recorded in ethanol and dichloromethane. The results showed that compounds 5a-g display similar absorptions ranging from 300 to 500 nm and maximal emission bands are about 566 nm. The intensity of fluorescence and maximal emission bands are dependent on the groups bonded to triazole rings.

  6. Characterization of heroin samples by 1H NMR and 2D DOSY 1H NMR.

    PubMed

    Balayssac, Stéphane; Retailleau, Emmanuel; Bertrand, Geneviève; Escot, Marie-Pierre; Martino, Robert; Malet-Martino, Myriam; Gilard, Véronique

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-four samples of heroin from different illicit drug seizures were analyzed using proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ((1)H NMR) and two-dimensional diffusion-ordered spectroscopy (2D DOSY) (1)H NMR. A careful assignment and quantification of (1)H signals enabled a comprehensive characterization of the substances present in the samples investigated: heroin, its main related impurities (6-acetylmorphine, acetylcodeine, morphine, noscapine and papaverine) and cutting agents (caffeine and acetaminophen in nearly all samples as well as lactose, lidocaine, mannitol, piracetam in one sample only), and hence to establish their spectral signatures. The good agreement between the amounts of heroin, noscapine, caffeine and acetaminophen determined by (1)H NMR and gas chromatography, the reference method in forensic laboratories, demonstrates the validity of the (1)H NMR technique. In this paper, 2D DOSY (1)H NMR offers a new approach for a whole characterization of the various components of these complex mixtures. PMID:24378299

  7. In vivo 1H chemical shift imaging of silicone implants.

    PubMed

    Pfleiderer, B; Ackerman, J L; Garrido, L

    1993-05-01

    In order to study the aging process (i.e., silicone migration, fat infiltration) of silicone (polydimethylsiloxane, PDMS) based biomaterials in living subjects by NMR imaging, a hybrid 1H selective excitation and saturation chemical shift imaging technique (IR/CHESS-CSSE) has been developed. This sequence allows selective mapping of the distribution of silicone protons in vivo, while suppressing the contributions of fat and water. Our results indicate that a combined inversion recovery and CHESS pulse, followed by a spoiler gradient, must be applied to suppress all contributions of fat protons to the NMR signal. The sensitivity of our experiments allows the detection of a chemically unchanged silicone concentration of 5% in a voxel of 0.9 mm3 at a signal/noise ratio of 2. PMID:8505902

  8. Enhanced Y1H Assays for Arabidopis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Transcription regulation plays a key role in development and response to environment. To understand this mechanism, we need to know which transcription factor (TFs) would bind to which promoter, thus regulate their target gene expression. Yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) technique can be used to map this kind...

  9. IRS organigram

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Messerschmid, Ernst

    1991-01-01

    Charts and graphs relative to magnetoplasmadynamic (MPD) thruster technology are given. The research activities at the Institute of Space Transportation, University of Stuttgart, are summarized. Information is given on the Institute's Electric Propulsion and Plasma Wind Tunnel; thermal arcjet research; the nozzle-type thruster, DT-IRS; nozzle-type MPD thrusters; a hot anode thruster; the DT6 thruster; the ZT-1 thruster; the cylindrical MPD thruster; and a comparison of continuous and quasi-steady MPD.

  10. Organo-niobate Ionic Liquids: Synthesis, Characterization and Application as Acid Catalyst in Pechmann Reactions

    PubMed Central

    Soares, Valerio C. D.; Alves, Melquizedeque B.; Souza, Ernesto R.; Pinto, Ivana O.; Rubim, Joel C.; Andrade, Carlos Kleber Z.; Suarez, Paulo A. Z.

    2007-01-01

    The combinations of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride with NbCl5 yielded ionic mixtures with different melting point temperatures and acidity depending on the niobium molar fraction. The mixtures were characterized by thermal (DSC) and spectroscopic (FT-IR and 1H NMR) analysis. The Pechmann reactions of different phenols with ethylacetoacetate, producing coumarins, was used as model to evaluate the catalytic behavior of these mixtures as acid Lewis catalyst. These reactions were carried out using acidic mixtures of 60 mol%.

  11. Coal gasification reactions with on-line in-situ FT-IR analysis. Twelfth quarterly report, June 3-September 3, 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Solomon, P.R.; Serio, M.A.; Hamblen, D.G.; Best, P.E.; Markham, J.R.

    1984-10-18

    During the twelfth quarter, the main thrust was determination of coal pyrolysis kinetics in the heated tube reactor. This involved measurement of particle temperature using FT-IR transmission and emission spectroscopy, residence time determinations with photodiodes, material balances, and FT-IR analysis of chars. The particle temperatures determined by FT-IR were generally close to those estimated from a knowledge of the gas temperature. The residence time determinations indicated that the particle velocity was between 80 and 100% of the average gas velocity, depending on size and the gas flow rate. Material balances done in the newer Inconel 702 tube agreed very well with those done previously in a stainless steel tube. The FT-IR char analyses were also consistent with previous results and the aliphatic region followed the trends of product yields quite closely. It was found that primary pyrolysis, measured by the initial rapid weight loss and the loss of aliphatic material, occurs between 50 cm and 115 cm for an equilibrium tube temperature of 800/sup 0/C and a cold gas velocity of approx.28 meters/second. The transit time over this distance is about 14 msec. while the particle temperature is increasing from 650 to 780/sup 0/C. The results suggest that k is at least 100 s/sup -1/ at 800/sup 0/C for the rate of evolution of tar and hydrocarbons which dominate primary pyrolysis and weight loss. Construction was nearly completed on the high pressure reactor system. A plan was formulated for the initial test phase. In addition, preliminary sulfur measurements were made on chars from entrained flow reactor system. 13 refs., 22 figs., 1 tab.

  12. C-H insertion and. pi. -complex formation reactions of (/eta//sup 5/-C/sub 5/Me/sub 5/)(PMe/sub 3/)Ir with ethylene: an intra- and intermolecular isotope effect study

    SciTech Connect

    Stoutland, P.O.; Bergman, R.G.

    1988-08-17

    Thermolysis of the iridium cyclohexyl hydride (/eta//sup 5/-Me/sub 5/C/sub 5/)(PMe/sub 3/)Ir(C/sub 6/H/sub 11/)(H) at 130-160/degrees/C in cyclohexane in the presence of ethylene results in formation of the vinyl hydride (/eta//sup 5/-Me/sub 5/C/sub 5/)(PMe/sub 3/)Ir(HC /double bond/CH/sub 2/)(H) (1) and the ..pi..-complex (/eta//sub 5/-Me/sub 5/C/sub 5/)(PMe/sub 3/)Ir(H/sub 2/C /double bond/CH/sub 2/) (2) in a ratio of 2:1. Thermolysis of 1 in cyclohexane or benzene above 180/degrees/C results in quantitative conversion to 2. Thermolysis of (/eta//sub 5/-Me/sub 5/C/sub 5/)PMe/sub 3/Ir(C/sub 6/H/sub 11/)(H) in the presence of ethylene-d/sub 2/ results in insertion into both the C-H and the C-D bonds and allows determination of an intramolecular isotope effect: k/sub H//k/sub D/ = 1.18 /plus minus/ 0.03. Competition experiments involving ethylene and ethylene-d/sub 4/ allow determination of an intermolecular isotope effect for insertion into a C-H(D) bond: k/sub H//k/sub D/ = 1.49 /plus minus/ 0.08. The intermolecular isotope effect for formation of 2 was found to be 0.82 /plus minus/ 0.05. The different intra- and intermolecular isotope effects for C-H insertion require an intermediate different from the ..pi..-complex 2 on the reaction pathway leading to 1. Possible structures for this species are discussed. 44 references, 9 figures, 8 tables.

  13. Hydroxyl radical reaction rate coefficients as a function of temperature and IR absorption cross sections for CF3CH=CH2 (HFO-1243zf), potential replacement of CF3CH2F (HFC-134a).

    PubMed

    González, Sergio; Jiménez, Elena; Ballesteros, Bernabé; Martínez, Ernesto; Albaladejo, José

    2015-04-01

    CF3CH=CH2 (hydrofluoroolefin, HFO-1243zf) is a potential replacement of high global-warming potential (GWP) hydrofluorocarbon (HFC-134a, CF3CFH2). Both the atmospheric lifetime and the radiative efficiency of HFO-1243zf are parameters needed for estimating the GWP of this species. Therefore, the aim of this work is (i) to estimate the atmospheric lifetime of HFO-1243zf from the reported OH rate coefficients, k OH, determined under tropospheric conditions and (ii) to calculate its radiative efficiency from the reported IR absorption cross sections. The OH rate coefficient at 298 K also allows the estimation of the photochemical ozone creation potential (ε(POCP)). The pulsed laser photolysis coupled to a laser-induced fluorescence technique was used to determine k OH for the reaction of OH radicals with HFO-1243zf as a function of pressure (50-650 Torr of He) and temperature (263-358 K). Gas-phase IR spectra of HFO-1243zf were recorded at room temperature using a Fourier transform IR spectrometer between 500 and 4,000 cm(-1). At all temperatures, k OH did not depend on bath gas concentration (i.e., on the total pressure between 50 and 650 Torr of He). A slight but noticeable T dependence of k OH was observed in the temperature range investigated. The observed behavior is well described by the following Arrhenius expression: k OH(T) = (7.65 ± 0.26) × 10(-13) exp [(165 ± 10) / T] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1). Negligible IR absorption of HFO-1243zf was observed at wavenumbers greater than 1,700 cm(-1). Therefore, IR absorption cross sections, [Formula: see text], were determined in the 500-1,700 cm(-1) range. Integrated [Formula: see text] were determined between 650 and 1,800 cm(-1) for comparison purposes. The main diurnal removal pathway for HFO-1243zf is the reaction with OH radicals, which accounts for 64% of the overall loss by homogeneous reactions at 298 K. Globally, the lifetime due to OH reaction (τ OH) was estimated to be 8.7 days under the assumption of a well-mixed atmosphere. Assuming other removal pathways, the atmospheric lifetime (τ) was estimated to be ∼6 days. Considering the estimated τ OH and the measured IR absorption cross sections of HFO-1243zf in the atmospheric window (720-1,250 cm(-1)), its lifetime corrected radiative efficiency was calculated to be 0.019 W m(-2) ppbv(-1). GWP100 years for the HFO investigated, 0.29, is negligible compared to that of HFC-134a, the HFC to be potentially replaced (GWP100 years = 1,300, Hodnebrog et al. (Rev Geophys 51:300-378, 2013)). ε POCP for HFO-1243zf was estimated to be around 1 order of magnitude lower than that for ethylene. In conclusion, HFO-1243zf is fast degraded in the atmosphere, and it does not appreciably contribute to global warming and local/regional air pollution. Therefore, HFO-1243zf can be a suitable replacement for HFC-134a in air conditioning units. PMID:25138554

  14. Two- and three-dimensional lead-1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Anupama; Prabhakara Rao, K.; Sanguramath, R. A.; Rao, C. N. R.

    2009-06-01

    Reaction of lead nitrate and 1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid under hydrothermal conditions carried out at different temperatures and pH yields a hybrid compound Pb 2(1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylate) 2, I, and a three-dimensional coordination polymer Pb(1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylate), II. The two-dimensional double-layered compound, I, with two-dimensional inorganic connectivities and one-dimensional organic connectivity is novel since hybrid compounds formed by 1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid are uncommon. The lead atoms in I have holodirectional geometry, while those in II show hemidirectionality. In both I and II, 1 H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid acts as a multi-dentate ligand with both the carboxylic groups and the amine group taking part in coordination.

  15. 1H NMR in a-Si

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlos, W. E.; Taylor, P. C.

    1982-10-01

    Results of pulsed NMR studies of hydrogen in a-Si: H prepared at several laboratories by glow discharge of silane are presented. The origins of the two 1H NMR lines seen in almost all samples of a-Si: H are discussed. Solid-echo measurements are presented which indicate that these two components are due to spatially isolated groups of protons. We attribute the narrow line to protons slightly clustered in the bulk of the material and the broad line to protons distributed on internal surfaces. The spin-lattice relaxation time shows a minimum at T~30 K which is interpreted as due to relaxation via spin diffusion to a small number of H2 molecules acting as relaxation centers. Annealing results suggest that all the hydrogen molecules are trapped in very similar sites.

  16. Anthropomorphic 1H MRS head phantom.

    PubMed

    Rice, J R; Milbrandt, R H; Madsen, E L; Frank, G R; Boote, E J; Blechinger, J C

    1998-07-01

    An anthropomorphic 1H MRS head phantom has been developed which mimics the in vivo structure, metabolite concentrations, and relaxation times (for both water and metabolites) of human brain tissue. Different brain regions and two tumor types, fluid-containing ventricles, and air-filled sinus, and subcutaneous fat are all simulated. The main tissue-mimicking materials are gelatin/agar mixtures with metabolites and several other ingredients added. Their composition and method of production are thoroughly described. T1's and T2's of water in the phantom are very close to in vivo values, and metabolite T1's and T2's are considerably more realistic than those in aqueous solutions. Spectra and relaxation times for the pig brain were also acquired and compare well with those of the phantom. The realistic properties of this phantom should be useful for testing spectral quantitation and localization. PMID:9682200

  17. Molecular structure, spectroscopic characterization and DFT calculations of a novel (Z)-1-[(2-Ethylphenylamino)methylene]naphthalene-2(1H)-one

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpaslan, Yelda Bingöl; Gökce, Halil; Macit, Mustafa; Alpaslan, Gökhan; Özdemir, Namık

    2015-09-01

    A novel Schiff base compound (Z)-1-[(2-Ethylphenylamino)methylene]naphthalene-2(1H)-one was synthesized from the reaction of 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde with 2-ethylaniline. The structural properties of the compound have been characterized by using FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, UV-vis and X-ray single-crystal methods. According to X-ray diffraction result, the title compound exists in the keto-amine tautomeric form. The molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies, electronic absorption spectra and gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift values of the title compound in the ground state have been calculated by using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) method with 6-311G++(d,p) basis set, and compared with the experimental data. The obtained results indicate that optimized geometry can well reflect the crystal structural parameters. The theoretical values are in good agreement with the experimental ones. The energetic behavior of the compound in solvent media has been examined using B3LYP method with the 6-311G++(d,p) basis set by applying the polarizable continuum model (PCM). The total energy of the compound decreases with increasing polarity of the solvent. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), HOMO-LUMO energy gap and non-linear optical (NLO) properties of the compound were investigated using theoretical calculations.

  18. New 1H-Benzo[f]indazole-4,9-diones Conjugated with C-Protected Amino Acids and Other Derivatives: Synthesis and in Vitro Antiproliferative Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Molinari, Aurora; Oliva, Alfonso; Arismendi-Macuer, Marlene; Guzmán, Leda; Fuentealba, Mauricio; Knox, Marcela; Vinet, Raúl; San Feliciano, Arturo

    2015-01-01

    1H-Benzo[f]indazole-4,9-dione derivatives conjugated with C-protected amino acids (glycine, l-alanine, l-phenylalanine and l-glutamic acid) 6a-l were prepared by chemically modifying the prenyl substituent of 3-methyl-7-(4-methylpent-3-enyl)-1H-benzo[f]indazole-4,9-dione 2 through epoxidation, degradative oxidation, oxidation and N-acyl condensation reactions. The chemical structures of the synthesized compounds were elucidated by analyzing their IR, ¹H-NMR and (13)C-NMR spectral data together with elemental analysis for carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. The preliminary in vitro antiproliferative activity of the synthesized derivatives was evaluated on KATO-III and MCF-7 cell lines using a cell proliferation assay. The majority of the derivatives exhibited significant antiproliferative activity with IC50 values ranging from 25.5 to 432.5 μM. These results suggest that 1H-benzo[f]indazole-4,9-dione derivatives are promising molecules to be researched for developing new anticancer agents. PMID:26670225

  19. Synthesis, preclinical evaluation and antidepressant activity of 5-substituted phenyl-3-(thiophen-2-yl)-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamides

    PubMed Central

    Mathew, Bijo; Suresh, Jerad; Anbazhagan, S.

    2014-01-01

    A series of phenyl-3-(thiophen-2-yl)-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamides (TTa-TTg) were synthesized by the ring closure reaction of phenyl-1-(thiophen-2-yl) prop-2-en-1-ones with thiosemicarbazide in alcoholic basic medium. All the final derivatives were evaluated for their antidepressant and neurotoxicity screening. The structures of the compounds were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, Mass and elemental analyses. Preclinical evaluation of the compounds were ascertained by in silico toxicity, blood-brain barrier and human oral absorption prediction. In this series, 5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(thiophen-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1 carbothioamide (TTg) reduced immobility time 61.17 and 62.05 % in both force swimming and tail suspension test respectively at 10 mg/kg dose level when compared to the standard Imipramine without influencing the baseline locomotion. Moreover it was observed that the titled scaffold possessing electron withdrawing chlorine atom in the 4th position of aromatic ring of the scaffold also showed good the antidepressant activity. In conclusion, the behavioural investigation revealed that thiophene based pyrazolines having a carbothioamide tail unit in the N1 position may be therapeutically useful as potential antidepressant medications. PMID:26417270

  20. Synthesis, preclinical evaluation and antidepressant activity of 5-substituted phenyl-3-(thiophen-2-yl)-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamides.

    PubMed

    Mathew, Bijo; Suresh, Jerad; Anbazhagan, S

    2014-01-01

    A series of phenyl-3-(thiophen-2-yl)-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carbothioamides (TTa-TTg) were synthesized by the ring closure reaction of phenyl-1-(thiophen-2-yl) prop-2-en-1-ones with thiosemicarbazide in alcoholic basic medium. All the final derivatives were evaluated for their antidepressant and neurotoxicity screening. The structures of the compounds were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, Mass and elemental analyses. Preclinical evaluation of the compounds were ascertained by in silico toxicity, blood-brain barrier and human oral absorption prediction. In this series, 5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(thiophen-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1 carbothioamide (TTg) reduced immobility time 61.17 and 62.05 % in both force swimming and tail suspension test respectively at 10 mg/kg dose level when compared to the standard Imipramine without influencing the baseline locomotion. Moreover it was observed that the titled scaffold possessing electron withdrawing chlorine atom in the 4(th) position of aromatic ring of the scaffold also showed good the antidepressant activity. In conclusion, the behavioural investigation revealed that thiophene based pyrazolines having a carbothioamide tail unit in the N1 position may be therapeutically useful as potential antidepressant medications. PMID:26417270

  1. Synthesis of 5-phenyl-1-(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxylic acid derivatives of potential anti-inflammatory activity.

    PubMed

    Rabea, Safwat M; El-Koussi, Nawal A; Hassan, Hoda Y; Aboul-Fadl, Tarek

    2006-01-01

    A series of 5-phenyl-1-(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxylic acid derivatives 4-10 were synthesized by rearrangement of 4-(3-pyridyl)-hydrazono-2-phenyl-2-oxazolin-5-one 3 in the presence of different nucleophiles to afford derivatives 4, 7, and 8, while hydroxamic acid derivative 6 was prepared from reaction of methyl ester 4 with hydroxylamine hydrochloride. Semicarbazide 9 and thiosemicarbazide 10, derivatives of the 5-phenyl-1-(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxylic acid, were synthesized via hydrazide 8 with potassium cyanate and appropriate isothiocyanate, respectively. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by elemental analyses, IR, (1)H-NMR, and mass spectra. The results of the anti-inflammatory activity of the synthesized derivatives showed that most of the tested compounds 4-10 showed significant inhibition against carrageenan-induced rat paw edema in albino rats. Derivatives 4 and 8 showed promising results and were found to be equipotent or more potent than Indomethacin and Celecoxib as reference drugs at two dose levels, 5 and 10 mg/kg, and they have no ulcerogenic activity. PMID:16411174

  2. IR Windstreaks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    Windstreaks are features caused by the interaction of wind and topographic landforms. The raised rims and bowls of impact craters causes a complex interaction such that the wind vortex in the lee of the crater can both scour away the surface dust and deposit it back in the center of the lee. If you look closely, you will see evidence of this in a darker 'rim' enclosing a brighter interior.

    This infrared image shows windstreaks in the region between Gordii Dorsum and Amazonis Mensa.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -15.8, Longitude 215 East (145 West). 97 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  3. Heteroleptic Ir(III) complexes based on 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-pyridine and bisthienylethene: structures, luminescence and photochromic properties.

    PubMed

    Cao, Deng-Ke; Wei, Ruo-Hong; Li, Xiao-Xiong; Chen, Jun-Feng; Ward, Michael D

    2015-03-01

    Two bisthienylethenes 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-bis[2,5-dimethyl(3-thienyl)]-1H-imidazole (L1H) and 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-bis(2,5-dimethyl(3-thienyl))-1-phenyl-imidazole (L2H), which have a chelating N,O-donor binding site attached to the photochromic core, have been synthesized using a one-pot condensation reaction, and used to prepare the heteroleptic complexes [Ir(dfppy)2(L1)]·2CH3OH (1) and [Ir(dfppy)2(L2)] (2) [dfppyH = 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-pyridine]. In the crystal structures of all four compounds, two thiophene groups of each bisthienylethene molecule adopt parallel conformation. Neighboring molecules in L1H and 1 are linked into supramolecular chains through hydrogen bonds. Particularly, the packing structure of 1 contains right- and left-handed 2₁ helical chains. In contrast, neighboring molecules in L2H and 2 interact only through van der Waals interactions. At room temperature, L1H and L2H in CH2Cl2 show fluorescence emission at 442 nm and 469 nm, respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 in CH2Cl2 reveal broad emission band characteristics of the Ir(III)/dfppy(-) chromophores at 508 nm and 494 nm, respectively, with a mixing of (3)MLCT and (3)LC characters. At room temperature, the photochromism ability of L2H in CH2Cl2 is clearly weaker than that of L1H. Moreover, no photochromism has been observed in 1 and 2. It has been demonstrated that both the substituent group and {Ir(dfppy)2}(+) coordination could significantly influence the crystal structures, luminescence and photochromic properties of L1H, L2H, 1 and 2. PMID:25635520

  4. Synthesis, spectroscopic and theoretical studies of ethyl (2E)-3-amino-2-({[(4-benzoyl-1,5-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}carbonothioyl)but-2-enoate butanol solvate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koca, İrfan; Sert, Yusuf; Gümüş, Mehmet; Kani, İbrahim; Çırak, Çağrı

    2014-01-01

    We have synthesized ethyl (2E)-3-amino-2-({[(4-benzoyl-1,5-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}carbonothioyl)but-2-enoate (2) by the reaction of 4-benzoyl-1,5-diphenyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carbonyl chloride (1), ammonium thiocyanate and ethyl 3-aminobut-2-enoate and then characterized by elemental analyses, IR, Raman, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and X-ray diffraction methods. The experimental and theoretical vibrational spectra of 2 were investigated. The experimental FT-IR (4000-400 cm-1) and Laser-Raman spectra (4000-100 cm-1) of the molecule in the solid phase were recorded. Theoretical vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters (bond lengths, bond angles) were calculated using Ab Initio Hartree Fock (HF), Density Functional Theory (B3LYP) methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set by Gaussian 09W program. The computed values of frequencies are scaled using a suitable scale factor to yield good coherence with the observed values. The assignments of the vibrational frequencies were performed by potential energy distribution (PED) analysis by using VEDA 4 program. The theoretical optimized geometric parameters and vibrational frequencies were compared with the corresponding experimental X-ray diffraction data, and they were seen to be in a good agreement with each other. Also, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies were calculated.

  5. IR Spectra of Isocyanic Acid (HNCO) and its Reaction Product with Ammonia: Possible Identification of the 4.6 and 6.8 Micron Absorption Features of Several Protostellar Objects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lowenthal, M. S.; Khanna, R. K.; Moore, M. H.

    2000-10-01

    Strong absorption features are found at 4.6 microns (2170 cm-1) and 6.8 microns (1470 cm-1) in the spectra of several protostellar objects (e.g. W33A, NGC 7538 IRS9, RAFGL 7009S). Ices with similar features may have been present in the early solar system. Realistic candidates responsible for the 6.8 micron band include CH3OH, and/or ions such as CO3=, HCO3-, and NH4+. The 4.6 micron feature is due to the absorption of the cyanate ion (OCN-). We have synthesized and obtained the infrared spectrum of pure, solid HNCO and measured its intrinsic band strength. We have also investigated the IR spectrum of HNCO covered with a layer of H2O and NH3 at low temperatures ( 10K). During warm-up to 100K, an acid-base reaction occurs and new peaks develop around 1470 cm-1 and 2170 cm-1 which are due to NH4+ and OCN- ions, respectively. Irradiation of solid HNCO shows evidence of OCN- formation at low temperatures. The conditions under which NH4OCN converts into urea ((NH2)2CO) will be discussed. Ammonium cyanate is a good candidate for the source of the 4.6 and 6.8 micron interstellar features and may also exist in cometary ices.

  6. Intermolecular C-H activation with an Ir-METAMORPhos piano-stool complex--multiple reaction steps at a reactive ligand.

    PubMed

    Oldenhof, S; Lutz, M; van der Vlugt, J I; Reek, J N H

    2015-10-21

    Substrate activation by means of a reactive ligand is a topic of much interest. Herein we describe a stoichiometric anti-Markovnikov C-N bond formation involving ligand reactivity in multiple steps along the reaction coordinate, including ligand assisted substrate (de)protonation and C-N bond formation, as illustrated by a combined experimental, spectroscopic and computational study. This affords a highly unusual four-membered iridacycle bearing an exo-cyclic C=C double bond. PMID:26329519

  7. UV-Vis, IR spectra and thermal studies of charge transfer complexes formed in the reaction of 4-benzylpiperidine with σ- and π-electron acceptors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mostafa, Adel; El-Ghossein, Nada; Cieslinski, G. Benjamin; Bazzi, Hassan S.

    2013-12-01

    The reactions of the electron donor 4-benzylpiperidine (4BP) with the σ-acceptor iodine and π-acceptors 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-p-benzoquinone (DDQ), and 2,4,4,6-tetrabromo-2,5-cyclohexadienone (TBCHD) were studied spectrophotometrically in chloroform at room temperature. The electronic and infrared spectra of the formed molecular charge-transfer (CT) complexes were recorded. Based on the obtained data, the charge-transfer complexes were formulated as [I3-, [(4BP)(DDQ)2], and [(4BP)(TBCHD)] for the donor (4BP) and the acceptors I2, DDQ and TBCHD. In the 4BP-TCNQ reaction, a short-lived CT complex is formed followed by rapid N-substitution by TCNQ forming the final reaction product 7,7,8-tricyano-8-benzylpiperidinylquinodimethane [TCBPQDM]. These products were isolated as solids and have been characterized through electronic and infrared spectra as well as elemental and thermal analysis measurements. The formation constants (KCT), charge transfer energy (ECT), molar extinction coefficients (ɛCT), free energy change ΔG∘ and ionization potential IP of the formed CT-complexes [I3-, [(4BP)(DDQ)2] and [(4BP)(TBCHD)] were obtained.

  8. Construction of two Cd(II) complexes by flexible adipic acid plus 2-((benzoimidazol-yl)methyl)-1H-tetrazole ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Wanlu; Zhang, Yuhong; Wang, Xiuxiu; Meng, Xiangru

    2015-10-01

    Two new complexes with the formulas [Cd(bimt)(adi)]n (1) and {[Cd(bimt)(adi)0.5Br]·H2O}n (2) were synthesized through reactions of 2-((benzoimidazol-yl)methyl)-1H-tetrazole (bimt) with Cd(II) salts in the presence of adipic acid (H2adi). Single crystal X-ray analysis reveals that complex 1 shows a 1D chain structure in which adipate ligand coordinates to Cd(II) ions with μ3-bridging mode. Complex 2 displays a 2D layer structure with 4-connected (44·62) topology in which adipate ligand coordinates to Cd(II) ions with μ2-bridging mode. These results reveal that the versatile coordination modes of adipate ligands play an important role in controlling the structures of the complexes. In addition, their IR spectra, element analyses, PXRD patterns and luminescent properties are investigated.

  9. Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-Ones and Their Corresponding 2(1H)Thiones Using Trichloroacetic Acid as a Catalyst under Solvent-Free Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Karimi-Jaberi, Zahed; Moaddeli, Mohammad Sadegh

    2012-01-01

    Trichloroacetic acid was found to be a convenient catalyst for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones and their corresponding 2(1H)-thiones through a one-pot three-component reaction of aldehydes, alkyl acetoacetate, and urea or thiourea at 70°C under solvent-free conditions. PMID:24052844

  10. Coal gasification reactions with on-line in-situ FT-IR analysis. Eleventh quarterly report, March 3-June 3, 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Solomon, P.R.; Serio, M.A.; Hamblen, D.G.; Best, P.E.; Markham, J.R.

    1986-01-01

    During the eleventh quarter, work continued on the measurement of coal particle temperatures during pyrolysis using FT-IR transmission and emission spectroscopy. The main thrust was assessing the nature and magnitude of the scattering contribution to the spectra by a series of experiments and by development of a quantitative model. In the case of the tube reactor experiment, Inconel tubes were substituted for the stainless tubes used previously in order to extend the upper temperature limit. These were tested at temperatures up to 1100/sup 0/C and worked satisfactorily. In addition, a scheme was developed to measure the mean residence time and residence time distribution for pulses of coal. Additional data were obtained on the effect of heating rate on the molecular weight distribution for a lignite and an Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal. This data, obtained at 600/sup 0/C/s, was consistent with earlier results at 3 and 20,000/sup 0/C/s which showed a strong effect for the lignite change for the bituminous coal. It was also found that the most rapidly heated lignite was quite fluid and showed bubble formation. This observation is consistent with the concept that the cross-linking, which inhibits both tar formation and fluidity in lignites, can itself be inhibited by high heating rates. The designs of the refractory internals and the supporting framework for the high pressure reactor (HPR) were finalized and the parts were ordered. The temperature, pressure, and flow control schemes for the HPR system were also finalized and the appropriate indicators, gauges, regulators, and controllers were ordered. The shell for the high pressure reactor arrived on May 31, and was installed on the supporting framework. 4 refs., 15 figs.

  11. Conformational changes in the extrinsic manganese stabilizing protein can occur upon binding to the photosystem II reaction center: an isotope editing and FT-IR study.

    PubMed

    Hutchison, R S; Betts, S D; Yocum, C F; Barry, B A

    1998-04-21

    Photosystem II catalyzes the light-driven oxidation of water and reduction of plastoquinone in oxygenic photosynthesis. The manganese stabilizing protein (MSP) of photosystem II is an extrinsic subunit that plays an important role in catalytic activity. This subunit can be extracted and re-bound to the photosystem II reaction center. Extraction is associated with decreased stability of manganese binding by the enzyme and by loss in high rates of oxygen evolution activity; reconstitution reverses these phenomena. Since little is known about the assembly of complex membrane proteins, we have employed isotope editing and vibrational spectroscopy to obtain information about any changes in secondary structure that occur in MSP upon functional reconstitution to photosystem II. The spectroscopic data obtained are consistent with substantial changes in conformation when MSP binds to photosystem II; approximately 30-40% of the peptide backbone undergoes a change in secondary structure. These conclusions were reached by comparing different aliquots, before and after binding, of the same 13[C]MSP sample. Analysis of amide I band line shapes through Fourier deconvolution and nonlinear regression suggests that binding of MSP to photosystem II is associated with a decrease in random structure and an increase in beta-sheet content. We conclude that binding of MSP to the reaction center can induce folding of MSP. Our results also indicate that, in solution, MSP can sample a variety of conformational states, which differ in hydrogen bonding of the peptide backbone. PMID:9548950

  12. Regioselectively Controlled Synthesis of N-Substituted (Trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Andreia M P W; da Silva, Fabio M; Bonacorso, Helio G; Frizzo, Clarissa P; Martins, Marcos A P; Zanatta, Nilo

    2016-05-01

    A simple and regioselectively controlled method for the preparation of both 1,4- and 1,6-regioisomers of 1-substituted 4(6)-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-2(1H)-ones is described. Both regioisomers were synthesized from the cyclocondensation reaction of 4-substituted 1,1,1-trifluoro-4-methoxybut-3-en-2-ones: with nonsymmetric ureas for the 1-substituted 4-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (1,4-isomer) and with nonsymmetric 1-substituted 2-methylisothiourea sulfates for the synthesis of 1-substituted 6-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (1,6-isomer). Each method furnished only the respective isomer in very good yields. The structure of the products was assigned based on the (1)H and (13)C NMR as well as 2D HMBC spectral analysis. PMID:27070191

  13. Genetic Variation in Myosin 1H Contributes to Mandibular Prognathism

    PubMed Central

    Tassopoulou-Fishell, Maria; Deeley, Kathleen; Harvey, Erika M.; Sciote, James; Vieira, Alexandre R.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Several candidate loci have been suggested as influencing mandibular prognathism (1p22.1, 1p22.2, 1p36, 3q26.2, 5p13-p12, 6q25, 11q22.2-q22.3, 12q23, 12q13.13, and 19p13.2). The goal of this study was to replicate these results in a well-characterized homogeneous sample set. Methods Thirty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms spanning all candidate regions were studied in 44 prognathic and 35 Class I subjects from the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine Dental Registry and DNA Repository. The 44 mandibular prognathism subjects had an average age of 18.4 years, 31 were females and 13 males, and 24 were White, 15 African American, two Hispanic, and three Asian. The 35 Class I subjects had an average age of 17.6 years, 27 were females and 9 males, and 27 were White, six African Americans, one Hispanic, and two Asian. Skeletal mandibular prognathism diagnosis included cephalometric values indicative of Class III such as ANB smaller than two degrees, negative Witts appraisal, and positive A–B plane. Additional mandibular prognathism criteria included negative OJ and visually prognathic (concave) profile as determined by the subject's clinical evaluation. Orthognathic subjects without jaw deformations were used as a comparison group. Mandibular prognathism and orthognathic subjects were matched based on race, sex and age. Genetic markers were tested by polymerase chain reaction using TaqMan chemistry. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used to determine overrepresentation of marker allele with alpha of 0.05. Results An association was unveiled between a marker in MYO1H (rs10850110) and the mandibular prognathism phenotype (p=0.03). MYO1H is a Class-I myosin that is in a different protein group than the myosin isoforms of muscle sarcomeres, which are the basis of skeletal muscle fiber typing. Class I myosins are necessary for cell motility, phagocytosis and vesicle transport. Conclusions More strict clinical definitions may increase homogeneity and aid the studies of genetic susceptibility to malocclusions. We provide evidence that MYO1H may contribute to mandibular prognathism. PMID:22196185

  14. The synthesis, structure and properties of N-acetylated derivatives of ethyl 3-amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate.

    PubMed

    Kusakiewicz-Dawid, Anna; Masiukiewicz, Elzbieta; Rzeszotarska, Barbara; Dybała, Izabela; Kozioł, Anna Eugenia; Broda, Małgorzata Anna

    2007-05-01

    Ethyl 3-amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate (1) was yielded through total synthesis and reacted with acetic anhydride to give the acetylated products 2-6. Compounds 1-6 were studied with HPLC, X-ray, FT-IR, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR and MS. Acetylation was carried out in solvents of various polarity, namely; chloroform; dioxane; DMF; acetic anhydride, at room temperature and at boiling points; and in the presence and absence of DMAP. The acetylated products are mainly nitrogen atoms in the ring. The position of the ring proton in the solution was based on NOESY; multinuclear HMBC, HSQC spectra and calculations. For equivalent amounts (1-1.5 mol) of acetic anhydride at room temperature two products of monoacetylation are produced in the ring: 2 and 3, ca. 2 : 1 and at the same time only small amount of the third product of monoacetylated, 5 in DMF, as well the product diacetylated, 4. The greatest amount of the product 4 is produced during the reaction with chloroform. However, in this solvent and in dioxane no product 5 is produced. Compound 2 is, largely, formed in dimethylformamide, in the presence DMAP, 0.2 eq. In the presence of this catalytic base, for the first hour, there is a mixture 2 and 3 to the ratio ca. 95 : 5. With 8 eq of Ac(2)O at reflux, after another hour, the compounds 3, 4 and 6 appear about equal amounts. After a longer time, the compound, which appears most in this mixture is triacetylated derivative 6. The structural and spectroscopic characteristics of compounds 1-6 have been given and the methods for their preparation have been provided. PMID:17473461

  15. Synthesis and activity of 1H-benzimidazole and 1H-benzotriazole derivatives as inhibitors of Acanthamoeba castellanii.

    PubMed

    Kopańska, Katarzyna; Najda, Andzelika; Zebrowska, Justyna; Chomicz, Lidia; Piekarczyk, Janusz; Myjak, Przemysław; Bretner, Maria

    2004-05-15

    Chloro-, bromo- and methyl- analogues of 1H-benzimidazole and 1H-benzotriazole and their N-alkyl derivatives have been synthesized and tested in vitro against the protozoa Acanthamoeba castellanii. The results indicate that 5,6-dimethyl-1H-benzotriazole (11) and 5,6-dibromo-1H-benzotriazole (14) have higher efficacy than the antiprotozoal agent chlorohexidine. PMID:15110843

  16. Aromatic derivatives of 2,3-dihydro-1H-1,5-benzodiazepine

    SciTech Connect

    Orlov, V.D.; Desenko, S.M.; Kiroga, Kh.

    1987-09-01

    The formation of 2,2,4-trisubstituted 2,3-dihydro-1H-1,5-benzodiazepines in the reactions of acetylarenes with 4-ethoxy- and 3,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine was studied. The effect of the substituents on the individual stages of the reactions is discussed. A quantum-chemical calculation of the relative nucleophilicity of 1,2-phenylenediamine, 2,3-diaminopyridine, and 3,4-diaminofurazan was undertaken.

  17. Scalable synthesis of quaterrylene: solution-phase 1H NMR spectroscopy of its oxidative dication.

    PubMed

    Thamatam, Rajesh; Skraba, Sarah L; Johnson, Richard P

    2013-10-14

    Quaterrylene is prepared in a single reaction and high yield by Scholl-type coupling of perylene, utilizing trifluoromethanesulfonic acid as catalyst and DDQ or molecular oxygen as oxidant. Dissolution in 1 M triflic acid/dichloroethane with sonication yields the aromatic quaterrylene oxidative dication, which is characterized by its (1)H NMR spectrum. PMID:23999880

  18. Time-Resolved Quantitative Measurement of OH HO2 and CH2O in Fuel Oxidation Reactions by High Resolution IR Absorption Spectroscopy.

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Haifeng; Rotavera, Brandon; Taatjes, Craig A.

    2014-08-01

    Combined with a Herriott-type multi-pass slow flow reactor, high-resolution differential direct absorption spectroscopy has been used to probe, in situ and quantitatively, hydroxyl (OH), hydroperoxy (HO 2 ) and formaldehyde (CH 2 O) molecules in fuel oxidation reactions in the reactor, with a time resolution of about 1 micro-second. While OH and CH 2 O are probed in the mid-infrared (MIR) region near 2870nm and 3574nm respectively, HO 2 can be probed in both regions: near-infrared (NIR) at 1509nm and MIR at 2870nm. Typical sensitivities are on the order of 10 10 - 10 11 molecule cm -3 for OH at 2870nm, 10 11 molecule cm -3 for HO 2 at 1509nm, and 10 11 molecule cm -3 for CH 2 O at 3574nm. Measurements of multiple important intermediates (OH and HO 2 ) and product (CH 2 O) facilitate to understand and further validate chemical mechanisms of fuel oxidation chemistry.

  19. Synthesis of 2,3-dihydronaphtho[2,3-d][1,3]thiazole-4,9-diones and 2,3-dihydroanthra[2,3-d][1,3]thiazole-4,11-diones and novel ring contraction and fusion reaction of 3H-spiro[1,3-thiazole-2,1'-cyclohexanes] into 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole-6,11-diones

    PubMed Central

    Konstantinova, Lidia S; Lysov, Kirill A; Souvorova, Ljudmila I

    2013-01-01

    Summary Treatment of N-substituted 2-(methylamino)naphthoquinones 3 and -anthracene-1,4-diones 4 with S2Cl2 and DABCO in chlorobenzene gave the corresponding 2,3-dihydronaphtho[2,3-d][1,3]thiazole-4,9-diones 1 and 2,3-dihydroanthra[2,3-d][1,3]thiazole-4,11-diones 2 by triethylamine addition, in high to moderate yields. The DABCO replacement for N-ethyldiisopropylamine in the reaction of anthracene-1,4-diones 4 led unexpectedly to the corresponding 2-thioxo-2,3-dihydroanthra[2,3-d][1,3]thiazole-4,11-diones 10. The reaction of 3H-spiro[1,3-thiazole-2,1'-cyclohexanes] 1d, 2d with Et3N in chlorobenzene under reflux yielded 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-carbazole-6,11-diones 15, 16, i.e., ring contraction and fusion products. A plausible mechanism was proposed for the formation of the products. PMID:23616798

  20. 1H NMR spectra part 31: 1H chemical shifts of amides in DMSO solvent.

    PubMed

    Abraham, Raymond J; Griffiths, Lee; Perez, Manuel

    2014-07-01

    The (1)H chemical shifts of 48 amides in DMSO solvent are assigned and presented. The solvent shifts Δδ (DMSO-CDCl3 ) are large (1-2 ppm) for the NH protons but smaller and negative (-0.1 to -0.2 ppm) for close range protons. A selection of the observed solvent shifts is compared with calculated shifts from the present model and from GIAO calculations. Those for the NH protons agree with both calculations, but other solvent shifts such as Δδ(CHO) are not well reproduced by the GIAO calculations. The (1)H chemical shifts of the amides in DMSO were analysed using a functional approach for near ( ≤ 3 bonds removed) protons and the electric field, magnetic anisotropy and steric effect of the amide group for more distant protons. The chemical shifts of the NH protons of acetanilide and benzamide vary linearly with the π density on the αN and βC atoms, respectively. The C=O anisotropy and steric effect are in general little changed from the values in CDCl3. The effects of substituents F, Cl, Me on the NH proton shifts are reproduced. The electric field coefficient for the protons in DMSO is 90% of that in CDCl3. There is no steric effect of the C=O oxygen on the NH proton in an NH…O=C hydrogen bond. The observed deshielding is due to the electric field effect. The calculated chemical shifts agree well with the observed shifts (RMS error of 0.106 ppm for the data set of 257 entries). PMID:24824670

  1. FeCl3-Mediated One-Pot Domino Reactions for the Synthesis of 9-Aryl/9-Arylethynyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-xanthen-1-ones from Propargylic Amines/Diaryl Amines and 1,3-Cyclohexanediones.

    PubMed

    He, Xinwei; Tao, Jiajia; Hu, Xiaoqian; Wang, Hui; Shang, Yongjia

    2016-03-01

    An efficient, environmentally friendly and one-pot route to new 9-aryl/9-arylethynyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-xanthen-1-one derivatives from inexpensive starting materials has been developed. This method proceeded by a domino nucleophilic-substitution/intramolecular cyclization/dehydration sequence of propargylic amines/diaryl amines and 1,3-cyclohexanediones under the promotion of FeCl3, which involved the formation of two new σ (C-C and C-O) bonds in a single operation for the construction of novel tetrahydroxanthene skeletons in 68-95% yields. PMID:26878148

  2. Structural and spectroscopic characterization of 2-mesityl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-3-ium chloride: A combined experimental and theoretical analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özdemir, Namık

    2012-06-01

    The title molecular salt, 2-mesityl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-3-ium chloride (C16H17N2+·Clˉ), was synthesized unexpectedly from the reaction of N-[(1E)-mesitylmethylene]benzene-1,2-diamine and CoCl2·6H2O, and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique. In addition, quantum chemical calculations employing density functional theory (DFT) method with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set were performed to study the molecular, spectroscopic and some electronic structure properties of the title compound, and the results were compared with the experimental findings. The computational result shows that the optimized geometry can well reproduce the crystal structural parameters. The intermolecular proton transfer process between the ionic (C16H17N2+·Clˉ) and nonionic forms (C16H16N2·HCl) of the title salt is investigated and found to be almost barierless with an energy value of 0.20 kcal mol-1. The NLO properties of the compound are bigger than those of urea.

  3. Photochemical properties of trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (trans-CHCl═CHCF3): OH reaction rate constant, UV and IR absorption spectra, global warming potential, and ozone depletion potential.

    PubMed

    Orkin, Vladimir L; Martynova, Larissa E; Kurylo, Michael J

    2014-07-17

    Measurements of the rate constant for the gas-phase reactions of OH radicals with trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (trans-CHCl═CHCF3) were performed using a flash photolysis resonance-fluorescence technique over the temperature range 220-370 K. The reaction rate constant exhibits a noticeable curvature of the temperature dependence in the Arrhenius plot, which can be represented by the following expression: kt-CFP (220-370 K) = 1.025 × 10(-13) × (T/298)(2.29) exp(+384/T) cm(3 )molecule(-1) s(-1). The room-temperature rate constant was determined to be kt-CFP (298 K) = (3.29 ± 0.10) × 10(-13) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), where the uncertainty includes both two standard errors (statistical) and the estimated systematic error. For atmospheric modeling purposes, the rate constant below room temperature can be represented by the following expression: kt-CFP (220-298 K) = (7.20 ± 0.46) × 10(-13) exp[-(237 ± 16)/T] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1). There was no difference observed between the rate constants determined at 4 kPa (30 Torr) and 40 kPa (300 Torr) at both 298 and 370 K. The UV and IR absorption cross sections of this compound were measured at room temperature. The atmospheric lifetime, global warming potential, and ozone depletion potential of trans-CHCl═CHCF3 were estimated. PMID:24955760

  4. ALBERMARLE PAMLICO IR 2002

    EPA Science Inventory

    The 2002 Albermarle Pamlico Implementation Review (IR) highlights recent successes and challenges with the estuary program. Various components within the IR include: CCMP implementation, outlining priority management actions, public involvement, stakeholder contribution, and limi...

  5. Diels-Alder reactions: The effects of catalyst on the addition reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilmaz, Özgür; Kus, Nermin Simsek; Tunç, Tuncay; Sahin, Ertan

    2015-10-01

    The reaction between 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene and dimethyl 7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]hepta-2,5-diene-2,3-dicarboxylate is efficiently achieved with small amounts of catalyst, i.e. phenol, AcOH, nafion, and β-cyclodextrin. Exo-diastereoselective cycloaddition reactions were observed both without catalyst and different catalysts for 48 days. As a result, different products (tricyclicmolecule 5, retro-Diels-Alder product 6, and oxidation product 7) were obtained with different catalysts. In addition, we synthesized Diels-Alders product 8 and tricyclocyclitol 10 via Diels-Alder reaction. The structures of these products were characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS and IR spectroscopy.

  6. Dehydrozingerone based 1-acetyl-5-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazoles: Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ratković, Zoran; Muškinja, Jovana; Burmudžija, Adrijana; Ranković, Branislav; Kosanić, Marijana; Bogdanović, Goran A.; Marković, Bojana Simović; Nikolić, Aleksandar; Arsenijević, Nebojša; Đorđevic, Snežana; Vukićević, Rastko D.

    2016-04-01

    A small series of 1-acetyl-5-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazoles (aryl = 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl and 4-alkoxy-3-methoxyphenyl) was prepared, starting from 4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-one, dehydrozingerone, and its alkyl derivatives. Their in vitro cytotoxic activity against some cancer cell lines was tested, showing significant anticancer activity. All the new compounds were well characterized by IR, 1H, 13C NMR and ESI-MS spectroscopy and physical data, whereas structures of two of them were determined by single crystal X-ray analysis.

  7. Ir(III)-Based Phosphors with Bipyrazolate Ancillaries; Rational Design, Photophysics, and Applications in Organic Light-Emitting Diodes.

    PubMed

    Liao, Jia-Ling; Chi, Yun; Sie, Zong-Ting; Ku, Chia-Hao; Chang, Chih-Hao; Fox, Mark A; Low, Paul J; Tseng, Meu-Rurng; Lee, Gene-Hsiang

    2015-11-16

    A series of three charge-neutral Ir(III) complexes bearing both neutral chelating ligands 4,4'-di-t-butyl-2,2'-bipyridine (dtbbpy) and monoanionic cyclometalated ligands derived from 2-phenylpyridine (ppyH), together with either two monoanionic ligands (i.e., chloride and monodentate pyrazolate) or a single dianionic chelate derived from 5,5'-di(trifluoromethyl)-3,3'-bipyrazole (bipzH2) or 5,5'-(1-methylethylidene)-bis-(3-trifluoromethyl-1H-pyrazole) (mepzH2), was successfully synthesized. These complexes are derived from a common, structurally characterized, Ir(III) intermediate complex [Ir(dtbbpy) (ppy)Cl2] (1), from treatment of IrCl3·3H2O with equal amount of the diimine (N^N) and precursor of the cyclometalated (C^N) ligands in a form of one-pot reaction. Treatment of 1 with various functional pyrazoles afforded [Ir(dtbbpy) (ppy) (pz)Cl] (2), [Ir(dtbbpy) (ppy) (bipz)] (3), and [Ir(dtbbpy) (ppy) (mepz)] (4), which display intense room-temperature emission with λmax spanning the region between 532 and 593 nm in both fluid and solid states. The Ir(III) complexes, 3 and 4, showcase rare examples of three distinctive chelates (i.e., neutral, anionic, and dianionic) assembled around the central Ir(III) cation. Hybrid density functional theory (DFT; B3LYP) electronic structure calculations on 1-4 reveal the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital to be π*(bpy) in character for all complexes and highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) offering d(Ir)-π(phenyl) character for 1, 2, and 4 and π(bipz) character for 3. The different HOMO composition of 3 and 4 is also predicted by calculations using pure DFT (BLYP) and wave function (MP2) methods. On the basis of time-dependent DFT calculations, the emissive processes are dominated by the phenyl group-to-bipyridine, ligand(ppy)-to-ligand(bpy) charge transfer admixed with metal-to-ligand transition for all Ir(III) complexes. Organic light emitting diodes were successfully fabricated. A double emitting layer design was adopted in the device architecture using Ir(III) metal complexes 3 and 4, attaining peak external quantum efficiencies, luminance efficiencies, and power efficiencies of 18.1% (59.0 cd/A and 38.6 lm/W) and 16.6% (53.3 cd/A and 33.5 lm/W), respectively. PMID:26529058

  8. Synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial, DNA-cleavage and antioxidant activities of 3-((5-chloro-2-phenyl-1H-indol-3-ylimino)methyl)quinoline-2(1H)-thione and its metal complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vivekanand, B.; Mahendra Raj, K.; Mruthyunjayaswamy, B. H. M.

    2015-01-01

    Schiff base 3-((5-chloro-2-phenyl-1H-indol-3-ylimino)methyl)quinoline-2(1H)-thione and its Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Fe(III), complexes have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, UV-Visible, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectra, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility, ESR and TGA data. The ligand and its metal complexes have been screened for their antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus in minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) by cup plate method respectively, antioxidant activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), which was compared with that of standard drugs vitamin-C and vitamin-E and DNA cleavage activity using calf-thymus DNA.

  9. A study on the AMACR catalysed elimination reaction and its application to inhibitor testing† †Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: 1H NMR spectra of synthesised compounds; details of X-ray crystal structure determination of compound 35; original data for Table 1; plots of fluorescence resulting from reaction of sensors 33 and 34 with fluoride solutions. CCDC 1408401. For ESI and crystallographic data in CIF or other electronic format see DOI: 10.1039/c5ob01541c Click here for additional data file. Click here for additional data file.

    PubMed Central

    Yevglevskis, Maksims; Lee, Guat L.; Sun, Jenny; Zhou, Shiyi; Sun, Xiaolong; Kociok-Köhn, Gabriele; James, Tony D.; Woodman, Timothy J.

    2016-01-01

    α-Methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR; P504S) catalyses a key step in the degradation of branched-chain fatty acids and is important for the pharmacological activation of Ibuprofen and related drugs. Levels of AMACR are increased in prostate and other cancers, and it is a drug target. Development of AMACR as a drug target is hampered by lack of a convenient assay. AMACR irreversibly catalyses the elimination of HF from 3-fluoro-2-methylacyl-CoA substrates, and this reaction was investigated for use as an assay. Several known inhibitors and alternative substrates reduced conversion of 3-fluoro-2-methyldecanoyl-CoA by AMACR, as determined by 1H NMR. The greatest reduction of activity was observed with known potent inhibitors. A series of novel acyl-CoA esters with aromatic side chains were synthesised for testing as chromophoric substrates. These acyl-CoA esters were converted to unsaturated products by AMACR, but their use was limited by non-enzymatic elimination. Fluoride sensors were also investigated as a method of quantifying released fluoride and thus AMACR activity. These sensors generally suffered from high background signal and lacked reproducibility under the assay conditions. In summary, the elimination reaction can be used to characterise inhibitors, but it was not possible to develop a convenient colorimetric or fluorescent assay using 3-fluoro-2-methylacyl-CoA substrates. PMID:26537174

  10. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, calculational studies and in vitro antitumoral activity of 4-(3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl)-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5(4H)-one

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Süleymanoğlu, Nevin; Ustabaş, Reşat; Alpaslan, Yelda Bingöl; Ünver, Yasemin; Turan, Mustafa; Sancak, Kemal

    2011-03-01

    4-(3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)propyl)-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5(4H)-one (IPTT), C 13H 15N 5OS, was synthesized and characterized by 13C NMR, 1H NMR, IR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure of IPTT is stabilized by three intermolecular hydrogen bonds and by intermolecular C sbnd H⋯ π interaction. The compound IPTT was modelled by using DFT method. Calculations of vibrational frequencies, gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO), 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts of IPTT in the ground state, total electronic charge density map and frontier molecular orbitals were performed at B3LYP/6-31 G(d) level of theory were carried out by using DFT method with 6-31 G(d) basis set. The structural parameters obtained by geometry optimization, the theoretical vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values are in good agreement with experimental ones. FT-IR, NMR and X-ray analytical results of IPTT show that the compound exists as keto form, that was supported by DFT calculations. In addition, in vitro studies showed hopeful antitumoral activity of the title IPTT compound.

  11. Catalytic Activity of Platinum Monolayer on Iridium and Rhenium Alloy Nanoparticles for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Karan, Hiroko I.; Sasaki, Kotaro; Kuttiyiel, Kurian; Farberow, Carrie A.; Mavrikakis, Manos; Adzic, Radoslav R.

    2012-05-04

    A new type of electrocatalyst with a core−shell structure that consists of a platinum monolayer shell placed on an iridium− rhenium nanoparticle core or platinum and palladium bilayer shell deposited on that core has been prepared and tested for electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction. Carbon-supported iridium− rhenium alloy nanoparticles with several different molar ratios of Ir to Re were prepared by reducing metal chlorides dispersed on Vulcan carbon with hydrogen gas at 400 °C for 1 h. These catalysts showed specific electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction comparable to that of platinum. The activities of PtML/PdML/Ir2Re1, PtML/Pd2layers/Ir2Re1, and PtML/Pd2layers/Ir7Re3 catalysts were, in fact, better than that of conventional platinum electrocatalysts, and their mass activities exceeded the 2015 DOE target. Our density functional theory calculations revealed that the molar ratio of Ir to Re affects the binding strength of adsorbed OH and, thereby, the O2 reduction activity of the catalysts. The maximum specific activity was found for an intermediate OH binding energy with the corresponding catalyst on the top of the volcano plot. The monolayer concept facilitates the use of much less platinum than in other approaches. The results with the PtML/PdML/Ir2Re electrocatalyst indicate that it is a promising alternative to conventional Pt electrocatalysts in low-temperature fuel cells.

  12. An FTIR Calibration for Structural Hydrogen in Feldspars Using 1H MAS NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, E. A.; Rossman, G. R.

    2002-05-01

    It is important to know how to determine the speciation and concentration of H in feldspars because this information could be used to determine primary magmatic water activity or to estimate the degree of hydrothermal alteration in igneous rocks. FTIR spectroscopy is sensitive to changes in speciation of hydrogen, and can be calibrated for quantitative determination of H concentration using 1H MAS (magic-angle spinning) NMR spectroscopy. Three pegmatitic albites, one metamorphic albite, three volcanic plagioclases (albite, andesine, and anorthite) and one pegmatite oligoclase were used in this study to provide a range of plagioclase compositions. Two pegmatitic microclines and one sanidine were also studied. Polarized infrared spectra were obtained in the three principal optical directions for each specimen. Samples were prepared for 1H MAS NMR experiments at 12 kHz spinning speed in a dry box, without the use of a liquid grinding aid. A spectrum from anhydrous synthetic corundum was used as a baseline for feldspar NMR spectra. The pegmatitic and metamorphic albites are transparent, but contain submicroscopic fluid inclusions as evidenced by a broad band at 3400 cm-1 and an asymmetric band at 5200 cm-1 in the IR spectra that shift to bands characteristic of ice upon cooling to 77 K. These albites have a very sharp band at 4.7 ppm (relative to TMS) in their NMR spectra consistent with fluid inclusion water. In addition to the broad fluid inclusion band, the pegmatitic albites have sharp bands in the mid-IR similar the OH bands found in quartz. All other plagioclases have broad, anisotropic bands around 3200 cm-1 in the mid-IR and MOH combination stretch-bend bands near 4500 cm-1 in the near-IR, indicative of structural OH. The NMR spectra of these plagioclases have a broad band at 4.7 to 4.9 ppm TMS. The OH vector in plagioclases is preferentially aligned parallel to the a crystallographic axis. The concentration of structural OH in the plagioclases ranges from 50-200 ppm H2O by weight. The microclines contain structural H2O molecules (1000-1400 ppm H2O) and sanidine contains structural OH (170 ppm H2O). Plots of the total integrated mid-IR absorbance and total mid-IR peak height vs. concentration of structural H in plagioclase and alkali feldspars produce linear trends. Therefore, it is sufficient to use one absorption coefficient for both types of structural H (OH and H2O) in all feldspar compositions. The integral absorption coefficient for total mid-IR peak area is 16 ppm-1ṡcm-2 or 114000 Lṡ(mol H2O)-1ṡcm-2. The absorption coefficient for total mid-IR peak height is 0.06 ppm-1ṡcm-1 or 418 Lṡ(mol H2O) -1ṡcm-1. Since most of the mid-IR band intensity occurs with E || a in plagioclase, it may be possible to determine H concentration in plagioclase using a single polarized spectrum with E || a, facilitating the measurement of H concentration in fine-grained or twinned natural feldspars.

  13. Chemical Constituents of Lecythispisonis (Lecythidaceae)--A New Saponin and Complete 1H and 13C Chemical Shift Assignments.

    PubMed

    Duarte, Rennê C; Matos, Carlos R R; Braz-Filho, Raimundo; Mathias, Leda

    2015-06-01

    A novel triterpenoid saponin 3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-(1' --> 3)-2α,19α-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid [3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-(1' --> 3)-arjunic acid, 1], ten known compounds [six triterpenoids: α-amyrin (2), β-amyrin (3), germanicol (4), lupeol (5), friedelin (6), friedelanol (7); four steroids--campesterol (8), stigmasterol (9), sitosterol (10), cholesterol (11)], and a long chain alcohol n-eicosan-1-ol (12) were identified in the bark of Lecythis pisonis. The structures were established by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy (1H and 13C-NMR, DEPTQ, 1H-1H-COSY, NOESY, HSQC and HMBC), low (CG-MS) and high resolution mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS), and infrared (IR) spectral data involving comparison with the literature. PMID:26197504

  14. Infrared (IR) image synthesis method of IR real background and modeled IR target

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Young-Choon; Bae, Tae-Wuk; Kwon, Hyuk-Ju; Kim, Byoung-Ik; Ahn, Sang-Ho

    2014-03-01

    An infrared (IR) image synthesis method is proposed for the synthesis of a real IR background and modeled IR target, used as IR signatures, as well as a band-transformation between short wave IR (SWIR), middle wave IR (MWIR), and long wave IR (LWIR) in an IR imaging system simulation. IR target images are created by the RadThermIR software, an IR signature prediction software. Individual radiances for IR signatures, corresponding to the max/min temperatures of a real IR background and modeled IR target image, are calculated with Planck's law. First, an IR background of an arbitrary wavelength band is transformed to one of the other wavelength bands with the temperature-radiance characteristics. And then, after adjusting the gray levels of the arbitrary IR target signatures based on their radiances for the wavelength band of the transformed IR background, these IR target and background signatures can be synthesized as one image for a specific wavelength band. The experimental results show that the modeled IR target images, such as a modeled helicopter and F16, can be synthesized on the IR background images of three IR wavelength bands. And we confirmed that IR background images of the three IR wavelength bands can diversely be synthesized with the modeled IR targets as the setting temperature of the target and background, the target distance, and the field of view (FOV) arbitrarily.

  15. Permeable membrane/mass spectrometric measurement of solvent /sup 1/H//sup 2/H, /sup 12/C//sup 13/C, and /sup 16/O//sup 18/O kinetic isotope effects associated with alpha-chymotrypsin deacylation: evidence for reaction mechanism plasticity

    SciTech Connect

    Mishra, A.K.; Klapper, M.H.

    1986-11-18

    We have measured, by permeable membrane/mass spectrometry, the /sup 16/O//sup 18/O, /sup 12/C//sup 13/C, and solvent H/sup 2/O/D/sup 2/O kinetic isotope effects (kie) associated with acyl-alpha-chymotrypsin hydrolysis and transesterification. The hydrolysis of alpha-chymotrypsinyl 2-furoate has a /sup 12/C//sup 13/C kie of approximately 1.06. Transesterification of the same acyl enzyme shows /sup 16/O//sup 18/O, /sup 12/C//sup 13/C, and solvent H/sup 2/O/D/sup 2/O kinetic isotope effects of 1.015 (0.003), 1.01-1.02, and 2.226 (0.007), respectively. From the temperature independence of the /sup 16/O//sup 18/O transesterification kinetic isotope effect and kinetic data reported elsewhere, we conclude that there are two active forms of acylchymotrypsin. We also propose that formation of the tetrahedral intermediate is the rate-limiting step in both hydrolysis and transesterification and that the position of the transition state in the transesterification is closer to the starting enzyme ester while that for the hydrolytic reaction is closer to the tetrahedral intermediate. These results are discussed in terms of reaction mechanism plasticity.

  16. Reactions of the iridathiabenzene complex Cp{sup *}Ir(2,5-dimethylthiophene) with Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8}, Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12}, and ({eta}{sup 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me{sub 3})Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9}

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, J.; Young, V.G. Jr.; Angelici, R.J.

    1996-03-05

    With the goal of preparing an {eta}{sup 6}-iridathiabenzene complex of Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12}, the ring-opened iridathiabenzene complex Cp{sup *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (1), where 2,5-Me{sub 2}T is 2,5-dimethylthiophene, was reacted with Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12}, Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8}, and ({eta}{sup 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me{sub 3})Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9}. Only in the reaction of ({eta}{sup 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me{sub 3})Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9} under mild conditions (35-40{degree}C) was the {eta}{sup 6}-iridathiabenzene cluster [{eta}{sup 6}-Cp{sup *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T)]Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9} (7) obtained. At higher temperatures, the reaction yielded Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 11}) (6), in which the 2,5-Me{sub 2}T ligand is coordinated through its diene to the Ir and through its sulfur to a Co of the cluster. Reactions of Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12} and Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8} with 1 yielded Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Co{sub 4})(CO){sub 11} (2), an isomer of 6, which converts to the desulfurized linear tetranuclear cluster [Cp{sup *}Ir(C(Me)=CHCH=C(Me))({mu}-CO){sub 2}Co]{sub 2} (3); this species contains bridging iridacyclopentadiene units. Cluster 3 has a structure with a Co{sub 2}({mu}-Co){sub 2} core and Cp{sup *}Ir(C(Me)=CHCH=C(Me))(CO) (4) end groups. In fact, 3 can be prepared form Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8} and 4. Molecular structures of 2-4 are reported, together with a discussion of pathways that lead to their formation. 30 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

  17. Tensor A{sub yy} and vector A{sub y} analyzing powers in the {sup 1}H(d, d')X and {sup 12}C(d, d')X reactions at initial deuteron momenta of 9 GeV/c in the region of baryonic resonance excitation

    SciTech Connect

    Ladygin, V. P. Azhgirey, L. S.; Afanasiev, S. V.; Arkhipov, V. V.; Bondarev, V. K.; Borzounov, Yu. T.; Filipov, G.; Golovanov, L. B.; Isupov, A. Yu.; Ivanov, V. I.; Kartamyshev, A. A.; Kashirin, V. A.; Khrenov, A. N.; Kolesnikov, V. I.; Kuznetsov, V. A.; Ladygina, N. B.; Litvinenko, A. G.; Reznikov, S. G.; Rukoyatkin, P. A.; Semenov, A. Yu.

    2006-05-15

    The angular dependence of the tensor A{sub yy} and vector A{sub y} analyzing powers in the inelastic scattering of deuterons with a momentum of 9.0 GeV/c on hydrogen and carbon has been measured. The range of measurements corresponds to the baryonic resonance excitation with masses of {approx}2.2-2.6 GeV/c{sup 2}. The A{sub yy} data, being in good agreement with the previous results, demonstrate an approximate t scaling up to -1.5 (GeV/c){sup 2}. The large values of A{sub y} show a significant role of the spin-dependent part of the elementary amplitude of the NN {sup {yields}} NN* reaction. The results of the experiment are compared with model predictions of the plane-wave impulse approximation.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of 2,2";-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)bis(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-3-ium) 2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonate chloride by experimental and theoretical methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özdemir, Namık; Dayan, Osman; Yavaşoğlu, Melek Tercan; Çetinkaya, Bekir

    2014-10-01

    The title molecular salt (2), 2,2";-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)bis(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-3-ium) 2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonate chloride (C19H15N52+·C9H11O3S-·Cl-), was synthesized unexpectedly from the reaction of 2,6-bis(benzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine (1) with 2-mesitylenesulfonyl chloride. Spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR, NMR and UV-vis.) were used to characterize compounds 1 and 2. Solid-state structure of compound 2 was identified by X-ray crystallography. Theoretical characterization of the spectroscopic properties of compounds 1 and 2 was achieved using the density functional theory (DFT) method with the 6-311G(d,p) basis set, and the results were checked against the experimental data. Electronic absorption spectra of the compounds have also been obtained.

  19. IR Hot Wave

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, T. B.

    2010-04-01

    The IR Hot Wave{trademark} furnace is a breakthrough heat treatment system for manufacturing metal components. Near-infrared (IR) radiant energy combines with IR convective heating for heat treating. Heat treatment is an essential process in the manufacture of most components. The controlled heating and cooling of a metal or metal alloy alters its physical, mechanical, and sometimes chemical properties without changing the object's shape. The IR Hot Wave{trademark} furnace offers the simplest, quickest, most efficient, and cost-effective heat treatment option for metals and metal alloys. Compared with other heat treatment alternatives, the IR Hot Wave{trademark} system: (1) is 3 to 15 times faster; (2) is 2 to 3 times more energy efficient; (3) is 20% to 50% more cost-effective; (4) has a {+-}1 C thermal profile compared to a {+-}10 C thermal profile for conventional gas furnaces; and (5) has a 25% to 50% smaller footprint.

  20. Reactions of Cp{sub *}Ir(2,5-dimethylthiophene) with Ru{sub 3}(CO){sub 12}, Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 10}, Mn{sub 2}(CO){sub 10}, and [({eta}{sub 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 6})RuCl{sub 2}]{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, J.; Young, V.G. Jr.; Angelici, R.J.

    1996-06-11

    Reactions of the isomers Cp{sub *}Ir({eta}{sub 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (1) and Cp{sub *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (2), where 2,5-Me{sub 2}T is 2.5-dimethylthiophene, with Ru{sub 3}(CO){sub 12}, Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 10}, Mn{sub 2}(CO){sub 10}, and [{eta}{sub 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 6})RuCl{sub 2}]{sub 2} yield a remarkable diversity of products. With Ru{sub 3}(CO){sub 12}, both 1 and 2 give the CO-substituted product Cp{sub *}Ir{eta}{sub 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Ru{sub 3}(CO){sub 11} (4), in which the 2,5-Me{sub 2}T group is {eta}{sub 4}-coordinated to the Ir and S-coordinated to a Ru in the plane of the triangular Ru{sub 3}(CO){sub 11} cluster. With Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 10}, 1 reacts to give the CO-substituted product Cp{sub *}Ir({eta}{sub 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 9}) (6), in which 1 is S-coordinated in an equatorial position of the metal-metal dimer Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 9}. However, another product of this reaction is Cp{sub *}Ir({eta}{sub 4}-SC{sub 3}H{sub 2}MeC(=O)Me)[Re{sub 2}-(CO){sub 9}] (7), in which the 2,5-Me{sub 2}T ligand has been converted to a ring-opened acyl-thiolate unit that is S-coordinated to Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 9}. Compound 7 is the major product of the reaction of 2 with Re{sub 2}(CO){sub 10}. The reaction of 2 with Mn{sub 2}(CO){sub 10} gives Cp{sub *}Ir({eta}{sub 4}SC{sub 3}H{sub 2}MeC(=O)Me)[Mn{sub 2}(CO){sub 9}] (9), the Mn analog of 7. The reaction of [({eta}{sub 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 6})RuCl{sub 2}]{sub 2} with 1 gives the product Cp{sub *}Ir({eta}{sub 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Ru({eta}{sub 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 6})Cl{sub 2} (10), which illustrates again the strong S-donor ability of the Cp{sub *}Ir({eta}{sub 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (1), group. 39 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  1. Pervaporation separation of binary organic-aqueous liquid mixtures using crosslinked PVA membranes. I. Characterization of the reaction between PVA and PAA

    SciTech Connect

    Jiwon Rhim; Kewho Lee . Membranes and Separation Lab.); Minyoung Sohn; Hyeokjong Joo . Dept. of Polymer Science and Engineering)

    1993-10-20

    For the purpose of the water-selective membrane material development for pervaporation separation, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was crosslinked with a low molecular weight of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA). The crosslinking reactions between PVA and PAA were characterized through IR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and tensile tests when varying the reaction conditions, that is, time, temperature, amounts of cross-linking agents, PAA. It was found that the crosslinking reaction was fast: in other words, that the reaction mainly occurred at the initial step of each reaction condition. The best reaction conditions for preparing the crosslinked PVA membranes were found to be: reaction time not over 1 h, reaction temperature in the range of 150-180 C. PAA contents of 15-20 wt% were found satisfactory with respect to the application areas.

  2. Novel 1H low field nuclear magnetic resonance applications for the field of biodiesel

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Biodiesel production has increased dramatically over the last decade, raising the need for new rapid and non-destructive analytical tools and technologies. 1H Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (LF-NMR) applications, which offer great potential to the field of biodiesel, have been developed by the Phyto Lipid Biotechnology Lab research team in the last few years. Results Supervised and un-supervised chemometric tools are suggested for screening new alternative biodiesel feedstocks according to oil content and viscosity. The tools allowed assignment into viscosity groups of biodiesel-petrodiesel samples whose viscosity is unknown, and uncovered biodiesel samples that have residues of unreacted acylglycerol and/or methanol, and poorly separated and cleaned glycerol and water. In the case of composite materials, relaxation time distribution, and cross-correlation methods were successfully applied to differentiate components. Continuous distributed methods were also applied to calculate the yield of the transesterification reaction, and thus monitor the progress of the common and in-situ transesterification reactions, offering a tool for optimization of reaction parameters. Conclusions Comprehensive applied tools are detailed for the characterization of new alternative biodiesel resources in their whole conformation, monitoring of the biodiesel transesterification reaction, and quality evaluation of the final product, using a non-invasive and non-destructive technology that is new to the biodiesel research area. A new integrated computational-experimental approach for analysis of 1H LF-NMR relaxometry data is also presented, suggesting improved solution stability and peak resolution. PMID:23590829

  3. High resolution 1H solid state NMR studies of polyethyleneterephthalate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheung, T. T. P.; Gerstein, B. C.; Ryan, L. M.; Taylor, R. E.; Dybowski, D. R.

    1980-12-01

    Molecular motions and spatial properties of the solid polymer polyethyleneterephthalate have been investigated using high resolution 1H solid state NMR techniques. The longitudinal spin relaxation time T1ρ of protons (1H) in the rotating frame was measured for a spin locking field ranging from 5 to 20 G. The decay of the 1H magnetization indicated the existence of two distinct T1ρ's and their field dependence shows that they are associated with two mobile phases of the polymer. The 1H magnetization also relaxes under the dipolar narrowed Carr-Purcell (DNCP) multipulse sequence with two dintinct T1y relaxation times. The ratios T1y's and T1ρ's deviate significantly from the expected theoretical values. The combined experiment with magic angle spinning and the DNCP sequence followed by homonuclear dipolar decoupling reveals the individual T1y relaxation of the resolved methylene and aromatic protons. These two species of protons were found to relax with the same T1y's, thus implying that spin diffusion must have taken place under the homonuclear dipolar decoupling multipulse. The qualitative description of spin diffusion under homonuclear decoupling is given. The combined experiment with spin locking and the DNCP sequence yields the correspondence between the two T1ρ's and the two T1y's. The long T1ρ corresponds to the short T1y whereas the short T1ρ corresponds to the long T1y. Communication between the two spatial phases via spin diffusion was also observed in this experiment by monitoring the recovery of the 1H magnitization associated with the short T1ρ after it has been eliminated during the spin locking. The total 1H magnetization is allowed to equilibrate in the laboratory frame for a variable time much shorter than T1 after the spin locking field has been turned off. The spatial relationship between the two phases is discussed.

  4. Localized double-quantum-filtered 1H NMR spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, M. A.; Hetherington, H. P.; Meyerhoff, D. J.; Twieg, D. B.

    The image-guided in vivo spectroscopic (ISIS) pulse sequence has been combined with a double-quantum-filter scheme in order to obtain localized and water-suppressed 1H NMR spectra of J-coupled metabolites. The coherence-transfer efficiency associated with the DQ filter for AX and A 3X spin systems is described. Phantom results of carnosine, alanine, and ethanol in aqueous solution are presented. For comparison, the 1H NMR spectrum of alanine in aqueous solution with the binomial (1331, 2662) spin-echo sequence is also shown.

  5. Insulin Receptor Substrate 3 (IRS-3) and IRS-4 Impair IRS-1- and IRS-2-Mediated Signaling

    PubMed Central

    Tsuruzoe, Kaku; Emkey, Renee; Kriauciunas, Kristina M.; Ueki, Kohjiro; Kahn, C. Ronald

    2001-01-01

    To investigate the roles of insulin receptor substrate 3 (IRS-3) and IRS-4 in the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling cascade, we introduced these proteins into 3T3 embryonic fibroblast cell lines prepared from wild-type (WT) and IRS-1 knockout (KO) mice by using a retroviral system. Following transduction of IRS-3 or IRS-4, the cells showed a significant decrease in IRS-2 mRNA and protein levels without any change in the IRS-1 protein level. In these cell lines, IGF-1 caused the rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of all four IRS proteins. However, IRS-3- or IRS-4-expressing cells also showed a marked decrease in IRS-1 and IRS-2 phosphorylation compared to the host cells. This decrease was accounted for in part by a decrease in the level of IRS-2 protein but occurred with no significant change in the IRS-1 protein level. IRS-3- or IRS-4-overexpressing cells showed an increase in basal phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and basal Akt phosphorylation, while the IGF-1-stimulated levels correlated well with total tyrosine phosphorylation level of all IRS proteins in each cell line. IRS-3 expression in WT cells also caused an increase in IGF-1-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation and egr-1 expression (∼1.8- and ∼2.4-fold with respect to WT). In the IRS-1 KO cells, the impaired mitogenic response to IGF-1 was reconstituted with IRS-1 to supranormal levels and was returned to almost normal by IRS-2 or IRS-3 but was not improved by overexpression of IRS-4. These data suggest that IRS-3 and IRS-4 may act as negative regulators of the IGF-1 signaling pathway by suppressing the function of other IRS proteins at several steps. PMID:11113178

  6. Synchrotron IR spectromicroscopy: chemistry of living cells.

    PubMed

    Holman, Hoi-Ying N; Bechtel, Hans A; Hao, Zhao; Martin, Michael C

    2010-11-01

    Advanced analytical capabilities of synchrotron IR spectromicroscopy meet the demands of modern biological research for studying molecular reactions in individual living cells. (To listen to a podcast about this article, please go to the Analytical Chemistry multimedia page at pubs.acs.org/page/ancham/audio/index.html.). PMID:20839782

  7. Diagnostic Performance 1H after Simulation Training Predicts Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Consoli, Anna; Fraser, Kristin; Ma, Irene; Sobczak, Matthew; Wright, Bruce; McLaughlin, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Although simulation training improves post-training performance, it is unclear how well performance soon after simulation training predicts longer term outcomes (i.e., learning). Here our objective was to assess the predictive value of performance 1h post-training of performance 6weeks later. We trained 84 first year medical students a simulated

  8. Applications of 1H-NMR to Biodiesel Research

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel derived from vegetable oils, animal fats, or used cooking oils. It is produced by reacting these materials with an alcohol in the presence of a catalyst to give the corresponding mono-alkyl esters. 1H-NMR is a routine analytical method that has been used for...

  9. CHARLOTTE HARBOR IR, 2002

    EPA Science Inventory

    The 2002 Charlotte Harbor Implementation Review (IR) summarizes the progress and challenges ahead for the Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program (CHNEP). The implementation review report requires seven components: Status of CCMP implementation (programmatic progress); Environm...

  10. New Ir Bis-Carbonyl Precursor for Water Oxidation Catalysis.

    PubMed

    Huang, Daria L; Beltrán-Suito, Rodrigo; Thomsen, Julianne M; Hashmi, Sara M; Materna, Kelly L; Sheehan, Stafford W; Mercado, Brandon Q; Brudvig, Gary W; Crabtree, Robert H

    2016-03-01

    This paper introduces Ir(I)(CO)2(pyalc) (pyalc = (2-pyridyl)-2-propanoate) as an atom-efficient precursor for Ir-based homogeneous oxidation catalysis. This compound was chosen to simplify analysis of the water oxidation catalyst species formed by the previously reported Cp*Ir(III)(pyalc)OH water oxidation precatalyst. Here, we present a comparative study on the chemical and catalytic properties of these two precursors. Previous studies show that oxidative activation of Cp*Ir-based precursors with NaIO4 results in formation of a blue Ir(IV) species. This activation is concomitant with the loss of the placeholder Cp* ligand which oxidatively degrades to form acetic acid, iodate, and other obligatory byproducts. The activation process requires substantial amounts of primary oxidant, and the degradation products complicate analysis of the resulting Ir(IV) species. The species formed from oxidation of the Ir(CO)2(pyalc) precursor, on the other hand, lacks these degradation products (the CO ligands are easily lost upon oxidation) which allows for more detailed examination of the resulting Ir(pyalc) active species both catalytically and spectroscopically, although complete structural analysis is still elusive. Once Ir(CO)2(pyalc) is activated, the system requires acetic acid or acetate to prevent the formation of nanoparticles. Investigation of the activated bis-carbonyl complex also suggests several Ir(pyalc) isomers may exist in solution. By (1)H NMR, activated Ir(CO)2(pyalc) has fewer isomers than activated Cp*Ir complexes, allowing for advanced characterization. Future research in this direction is expected to contribute to a better structural understanding of the active species. A diol crystallization agent was needed for the structure determination of 3. PMID:26901517

  11. Studies of antimicrobial activity of N-alkyl and N-acyl 2-(4-thiazolyl)-1H-benzimidazoles.

    PubMed

    Pawar, N S; Dalal, D S; Shimpi, S R; Mahulikar, P P

    2004-02-01

    Various N-alkyl and N-acyl derivatives of 2-(4-thiazolyl)-1H-benzimidazole, an anthelmintic and systemic fungicide, were synthesized by polymer-supported reactions and screened for their antifungal and antibacterial potency to establish structure-activity relationships. PMID:14757482

  12. 1H and 13C NMR study of cyclopentadienyl metal carbonyls in the solid state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aime, S.; Cordero, L.; Gobetto, R.; Szalontai, G.

    1993-08-01

    In this paper we deal with some structural and dynamic properties of Cp 2W 2(CO) 6 ( I) and Cp 2Ru 2(CO) 4 ( II) as shown by solid state 13C and 1H NMR experiments. The IR and 13C CPMAS spectra of a polycrystalline sample of I show that this compound possesses the anti rotameric structure found in a previously reported X-ray diffraction study. The analysis of the spinning side-band manifold in the 13C CPMAS spectrum of I allows us to assess a different semi-bridging character between two CO-groups not seen from the X-ray results. The spectral features of compound II are fully consistent with the X-ray and solution structures previously reported. In both compounds the cyclopentadienyl ligands are involved in fast reorientation motions which modulate the magnetic interactions responsible for the relaxation of 13C resonances. The activation energies ( Ea) associated with this reorientation process of the Cp ring along their C 5 coordination axis have been determined to be 15.5 and 10.2 kJ mol -1 for I and II respectively on the basis of 1H T1 measurements at different temperatures. Furthermore, we show that an empirical relationship relates Ea values and Tmin (the temperature at which proton relaxation is more efficient) in a related series of cyclopentadienyl compounds.

  13. Experimental and DFT studies on the vibrational spectra of 1H-indene-2-boronic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alver, Özgur; Kaya, Mehmet Fatih

    2014-11-01

    Stable conformers and geometrical molecular structures of 1H-indene-2-boronic acid (I-2B(OH)2) were studied experimentally and theoretically using FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopic methods. FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra were recorded in the region of 4000-400 cm-1, and 3700-400 cm-1, respectively. The optimized geometric structures were searched by Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) hybrid density functional theory method with 6-31++G(d,p) basis set. Vibrational wavenumbers of I-2B(OH)2 were calculated using B3LYP density functional methods including 6-31++G(d,p) basis set. Experimental and theoretical results show that density functional B3LYP method gives satisfactory results for predicting vibrational wavenumbers except OH stretching modes which is probably due to increasing unharmonicity in the high wave number region and possible intra and inter molecular interaction at OH edges. To support the assigned vibrational wavenumbers, the potential energy distribution (PED) values were also calculated using VEDA 4 (Vibrational Energy Distribution Analysis) program.

  14. Metabotyping of long-lived mice using 1H NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Wijeyesekera, Anisha; Selman, Colin; Barton, Richard H; Holmes, Elaine; Nicholson, Jeremy K; Withers, Dominic J

    2012-04-01

    Significant advances in understanding aging have been achieved through studying model organisms with extended healthy lifespans. Employing 1H NMR spectroscopy, we characterized the plasma metabolic phenotype (metabotype) of three long-lived murine models: 30% dietary restricted (DR), insulin receptor substrate 1 null (Irs1-/-), and Ames dwarf (Prop1df/df). A panel of metabolic differences were generated for each model relative to their controls, and subsequently, the three long-lived models were compared to one another. Concentrations of mobile very low density lipoproteins, trimethylamine, and choline were significantly decreased in the plasma of all three models. Metabolites including glucose, choline, glycerophosphocholine, and various lipids were significantly reduced, while acetoacetate, d-3-hydroxybutyrate and trimethylamine-N-oxide levels were increased in DR compared to ad libitum fed controls. Plasma lipids and glycerophosphocholine were also decreased in Irs1-/- mice compared to controls, as were methionine and citrate. In contrast, high density lipoproteins and glycerophosphocholine were increased in Ames dwarf mice, as were methionine and citrate. Pairwise comparisons indicated that differences existed between the metabotypes of the different long-lived mice models. Irs1-/- mice, for example, had elevated glucose, acetate, acetone, and creatine but lower methionine relative to DR mice and Ames dwarfs. Our study identified several potential candidate biomarkers directionally altered across all three models that may be predictive of longevity but also identified differences in the metabolic signatures. This comparative approach suggests that the metabolic networks underlying lifespan extension may not be exactly the same for each model of longevity and is consistent with multifactorial control of the aging process. PMID:22225495

  15. Ethyl 2-(1H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-1-yl)acetate

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xiao-Xia; Chen, Zhong

    2011-01-01

    The title compound, C10H11N3O2, was synthesized by the reaction of 1H-benzotriazole with ethyl 2-chloro­acetate in ethanol. The non-H atoms, excluding the benzotriazol-1-yl group, are almost coplanar (r.m.s. deviation of the non-H atoms = 0.0409 Å). The dihedral angle formed between this plane and the benzotriazole ring is 79.12 (5)° In the crystal, weak inter­molecular C—H⋯N and C—H⋯O inter­actions help to consolidate the three-dimensional network. PMID:21522649

  16. Determination of the delta(2H/1H)of Water: RSIL Lab Code 1574

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Revesz, Kinga; Coplen, Tyler B.

    2008-01-01

    Reston Stable Isotope Laboratory (RSIL) lab code 1574 describes a method used to determine the relative hydrogen isotope-ratio delta(2H,1H), abbreviated hereafter as d2H of water. The d2H measurement of water also is a component of the National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) schedules 1142 and 1172. The water is collected unfiltered in a 60-mL glass bottle and capped with a Polyseal cap. In the laboratory, the water sample is equilibrated with gaseous hydrogen using a platinum catalyst (Horita, 1988; Horita and others, 1989; Coplen and others, 1991). The reaction for the exchange of one hydrogen atom is shown in equation 1.

  17. S187 : SCP 1 (H2): A Curved Molecular Hydrogen Outflow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salas, Luis; Cruz-González, Irene; Porras, Alicia

    1998-06-01

    We imaged in the near-infrared the region associated with IRAS 01202+6133, which lies to the southeast of the Sharpless H II region S187, designated as S187 IR. We report the discovery of a curved molecular hydrogen outflow that extends over a region of 76" (0.38 pc at D = 1 kpc), identified as S187:SCP 1 (H2). The outflow changes direction by more than 90° in a continuous way and is the most dramatic example of direction variability in a jet source known to date. The outflow-driving source is probably an extreme T Tauri star identified as NIRS 1 located at the apex of the curved structure. The curved jetlike structure shows a sinuous chain of several emission knots located along an extended H2 nebulosity. The similarity with the properties of optical Herbig-Haro jets observed in the near-IR allows us to conclude that S187:SCP 1 (H2) is a Herbig-Haro object. We discuss whether the supersonic side-wind model proposed by Cantó & Raga provides the best physical scenario for the curved outflow seen in S187 IR. According to this model, the initial angle of the jet is nearly opposite to the wind direction, and the wind action turns the jet through 150°, resulting in a minimum radius of curvature of 0.14 pc. Assuming typical values for T Tauri stars in molecular environments (Ṁ=10-7 M⊙ yr-1, vjet = 150 km s-1, vsound ≡ s = 10 km s-1, na = 104 cm-3), the required wind velocity is 10 km s-1, which is of the same order of magnitude as the typical velocities of T Tauri stars relative to their surrounding molecular clouds. Furthermore, the predicted position of the stagnation point, where the hydrostatic pressure in the jet equals the ram pressure of the wind, coincides with an observed H2 emission maximum along the curved part of the outflow. The predicted curve extends to a bow-shock-like H2 nebulosity located 2' (0.46 pc at D = 1 kpc) away from the curved outflow. Based on observations obtained at the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional at San Pedro Mártir, B.C., México.

  18. Microbial biodegradation of a novel fluorotelomer alcohol, 1H,1H,2H,2H,8H,8H-perfluorododecanol, yields short fluorinated acids.

    PubMed

    Arakaki, Atsushi; Ishii, Yuko; Tokuhisa, Takahito; Murata, Seiichiro; Sato, Katsuyuki; Sonoi, Takehiro; Tatsu, Haruyoshi; Matsunaga, Tadashi

    2010-11-01

    The accumulation of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has been detected in wildlife, soil, and water. Further, 8:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (8:2 FTOH) is used for the industrial synthesis of other fluorotelomer compounds, surfactants, and polymeric materials; however, it was recently found to be a potential source of PFOA contamination in the environment. 1H,1H,2H,2H,8H,8H-perfluorododecanol (degradable telomer fluoroalcohol (DTFA)), which is a newly developed fluorotelomer, contains the -CH₂- group in the fluorinated carbon backbone, making it potentially degradable through biological reactions. In this study, we investigated the biodegradation of DTFA in a mixed bacterial culture obtained from activated sludge. Optimized quantitative liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the predicted metabolites generated in the culture revealed accumulations of the transformation products from DTFA to 2H,2H,8H,8H-PFDoA and 2H,8H,8H-2-PFUDoA via multiple processes. Furthermore, the production of short fluorinated compounds, perfluorobutanoic acid, perfluoropentanoic acid, and perfluoropentanedioic acid, which are believed to have lower accumulation potential and toxicity toward organisms than PFOA, was determined. PMID:20721549

  19. Laundering and Deinking Applications of 1H NMR Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tutunjian, P. N.; Borchardt, J. K.; Prieto, N. E.; Raney, K. H.; Ferris, J. A.

    One-dimensional 1H NMR imaging techniques are used to visualize oil removal from fabrics and paper fibers immersed in aqueous solutions of nonionic detergents. The method provides a unique approach to the study of oil-removal kinetics in nonionic detergent systems where traditional optical techniques fail due to solution turbidity. The only requirement of the NMR experiment is the use of deuterated water in order to selectively image the hydrocarbon phase. Preliminary applications to laundering and paper deinking are discussed.

  20. Proton-detected 3D 1H/13C/1H correlation experiment for structural analysis in rigid solids under ultrafast-MAS above 60 kHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Rongchun; Nishiyama, Yusuke; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2015-10-01

    A proton-detected 3D 1H/13C/1H chemical shift correlation experiment is proposed for the assignment of chemical shift resonances, identification of 13C-1H connectivities, and proximities of 13C-1H and 1H-1H nuclei under ultrafast magic-angle-spinning (ultrafast-MAS) conditions. Ultrafast-MAS is used to suppress all anisotropic interactions including 1H-1H dipolar couplings, while the finite-pulse radio frequency driven dipolar recoupling (fp-RFDR) pulse sequence is used to recouple dipolar couplings among protons and the insensitive nuclei enhanced by polarization transfer technique is used to transfer magnetization between heteronuclear spins. The 3D experiment eliminates signals from non-carbon-bonded protons and non-proton-bonded carbons to enhance spectral resolution. The 2D (F1/F3) 1H/1H and 2D 13C/1H (F2/F3) chemical shift correlation spectra extracted from the 3D spectrum enable the identification of 1H-1H proximity and 13C-1H connectivity. In addition, the 2D (F1/F2) 1H/13C chemical shift correlation spectrum, incorporated with proton magnetization exchange via the fp-RFDR recoupling of 1H-1H dipolar couplings, enables the measurement of proximities between 13C and even the remote non-carbon-bonded protons. The 3D experiment also gives three-spin proximities of 1H-1H-13C chains. Experimental results obtained from powder samples of L-alanine and L-histidine ṡ H2O ṡ HCl demonstrate the efficiency of the 3D experiment.

  1. Synthesis, structural, theoretical studies and biological activities of 3-(arylamino)-2-phenyl-1H-inden-1-one derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Sheshtawy, Hamdy S.; Abou Baker, Ahmed M.

    2014-06-01

    Five derivatives of 2-phenyl-1H-indene-1-one have been prepared and fully characterized. Spectroscopic techniques such as FT-IR, 1H NMR, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis were used to investigate the chemical structures and physical properties of the prepared compounds. The optimized structures and the distribution of the frontier molecular orbital were obtained using density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. Additionally, the UV spectral properties of the indene compounds were corroborated by frontier orbital (HOMO and LUMO) calculations. Intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) peak has been observed in the UV spectra of the compounds and theoretically confirmed by the HOMO and LUMO analysis. The potential use of these compounds as antibacterial agents was investigated. The results show that indene-1-one derivatives have an antibacterial activity for both gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and gram-positive (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria.

  2. High field 1H- and 13C-nmr assignments of grayanotoxins I, IV, and XIV isolated from Kalmia angustifolia.

    PubMed

    Burke, J W; Doskotch, R W

    1990-01-01

    Grayanotoxins I [2], IV [3], and XIV [4] were isolated from Kalmia angustifolia var. caroliniana, a North American member of the Ericaceae. Their structures were established from physical and spectral data (mp, ir, [alpha]D, uv, cd, ms, 1H and 13C nmr). High field 1H- and 13C-nmr assignments were made for each compound using 1D and 2D nmr techniques including extensive 1H single-frequency spin-decoupling and nOe difference experiments, one-bond and long-range (COLOC) carbon-hydrogen correlations, and the INADEQUATE carbon-carbon correlation experiment. This is the first report of the presence of grayanotoxins IV and XIV in this source, of complete high field (500 MHz) 1H-nmr assignments for any grayanoid, and of 13C-nmr assignments for grayanotoxins IV and XIV. For grayanotoxin I, ambiguities in the literature 13C-nmr assignments have been removed by definitive assignments made through the use of the INADEQUATE experiment. PMID:2348198

  3. Proton-detected 3D 14N/14N/1H isotropic shift correlation experiment mediated through 1H-1H RFDR mixing on a natural abundant sample under ultrafast MAS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pandey, Manoj Kumar; Nishiyama, Yusuke

    2015-09-01

    In this contribution, we have demonstrated a proton detection-based approach on a natural abundant powdered L-Histidine HCl-H2O sample at ultrafast magic angle spinning (MAS) to accomplish 14N/14N correlation from a 3D 14N/14N/1H isotropic shift correlation experiment mediated through 1H finite-pulse radio frequency-driven recoupling (fp-RFDR). Herein the heteronuclear magnetization transfer between 14N and 1H has been achieved by HMQC experiment, whereas 14N/14N correlation is attained through enhanced 1H-1H spin diffusion process due to 1H-1H dipolar recoupling during the RFDR mixing. While the use of ultrafast MAS (90 kHz) provides sensitivity enhancement through increased 1H transverse relaxation time (T2), the use of micro-coil probe which can withstand strong 14N radio frequency (RF) fields further improves the sensitivity per unit sample volume.

  4. Derivatives of 1,5-diamino-1H-tetrazole: a new family of energetic heterocyclic-based salts.

    PubMed

    Gálvez-Ruiz, Juan Carlos; Holl, Gerhard; Karaghiosoff, Konstantin; Klapötke, Thomas M; Löhnwitz, Karolin; Mayer, Peter; Nöth, Heinrich; Polborn, Kurt; Rohbogner, Christoph J; Suter, Max; Weigand, Jan J

    2005-06-13

    1,5-Diamino-1H-tetrazole (2, DAT) can easily be protonated by reaction with strong mineral acids, yielding the poorly investigated 1,5-diaminotetrazolium nitrate (2a) and perchlorate (2b). A new synthesis for 2 is introduced that avoids lead azide as a hazardous byproduct. The reaction of 1,5-diamino-1H-tetrazole with iodomethane (7a) followed by the metathesis of the iodide (7a) with silver nitrate (7b), silver dinitramide (7c), or silver azide (7d) leads to a new family of heterocyclic-based salts. In all cases, stable salts were obtained and fully characterized by vibrational (IR, Raman) spectroscopy, multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, X-ray structure determination, and initial safety testing (impact and friction sensitivity). Most of the salts exhibit good thermal stabilities, and both the perchlorate (2b) and the dinitramide (7c) have melting points well below 100 degrees C, yet high decomposition onsets, defining them as new (7c), highly energetic ionic liquids. Preliminary sensitivity testing of the crystalline compounds indicates rather low impact sensitivities for all compounds, the highest being that of the perchlorate (2b) and the dinitramide (7c) with a value of 7 J. In contrast, the friction sensitivities of the perchlorate (2b, 60 N) and the dinitramide (7c, 24 N) are relatively high. The enthalpies of combustion (Delta(c)H degrees ) of 7b-d were determined experimentally using oxygen bomb calorimetry: Delta(c)H degrees (7b) = -2456 cal g(-)(1), Delta(c)H degrees (7c) = -2135 cal g(-)(1), and Delta(c)H degrees (7d) = -3594 cal g(-)(1). The standard enthalpies of formation (Delta(f)H degrees ) of 7b-d were obtained on the basis of quantum chemical computations using the G2 (G3) method: Delta(f)H degrees (7b) = 41.7 (41.2) kcal mol(-)(1), Delta(f)H degrees (7c) = 92.1 (91.1) kcal mol(-)(1), and Delta(f)H degrees (7d) = 161.6 (161.5) kcal mol(-)(1). The detonation velocities (D) and detonation pressures (P) of 2b and 7b-d were calculated using the empirical equations of Kamlet and Jacobs: D(2b) = 8383 m s(-)(1), P(2b) = 32.2 GPa; D(7b) = 7682 m s(-)(1), P(7b) = 23.4 GPa; D(7c) = 8827 m s(-)(1), P(7c) = 33.6 GPa; and D(7d) = 7405 m s(-)(1), P(7d) = 20.8 GPa. For all compounds, a structure determination by single-crystal X-ray diffraction was performed. 2a and 2b crystallize in the monoclinic space groups C2/c and P2(1)/n, respectively. The salts of 7 crystallize in the orthorhombic space groups Pna2(1) (7a, 7d) and Fdd2 (7b). The hydrogen-bonded ring motifs are discussed in the formalism of graph-set analysis of hydrogen-bond patterns and compared in the case of 2a, 2b, and 7b. PMID:15934752

  5. Synthesis of 8-Phenylphenalenones: 2-Hydroxy-8-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-phenalen-1-one from Eichhornia crassipes.

    PubMed

    Ospina, Felipe; Hidalgo, William; Cano, Marisol; Schneider, Bernd; Otálvaro, Felipe

    2016-02-01

    2-Hydroxy-8-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-phenalen-1-one (1), the first reported 8-phenylphenalenone from the roots of Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth), was synthesized starting from 2-methoxynaphthalene in 11 steps and with an overall yield of 2%. A cascade Friedel-Crafts/Michael annulation reaction between acryloyl chloride and 2-methoxynaphthalene afforded 9-methoxyperinaphthanone that, after transformation to 9-methoxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-phenalen-1-one by means of standard Suzuki-Miyaura methodology, was subjected to a reductive carbonyl transposition to afford 8-(4-methoxyphenyl)perinaphthanone. Dehydrogenation, epoxidation, and demethylation of the latter afforded 1. PMID:26741281

  6. Automated Multistep Continuous Flow Synthesis of 2-(1H-Indol-3-yl)thiazole Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Pagano, Nicholas; Heil, Marintha L.

    2014-01-01

    The multistep continuous flow assembly of 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)thiazoles using a Syrris AFRICA® synthesis station is reported. Sequential Hantzsch thiazole synthesis, deketalization and Fischer indole synthesis provides rapid and efficient access to highly functionalized, pharmacologically significant 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)thiazoles. These complex, drug-like small molecules are generated in reaction times of less than 15 min and in high yields (38%–82% over three chemical steps without isolation of intermediates). PMID:24634547

  7. Difunctionalization of Alkenes Using 1-Chloro-1,2-benziodoxol-3-(1H)-one.

    PubMed

    Egami, Hiromichi; Yoneda, Takahiro; Uku, Minako; Ide, Takafumi; Kawato, Yuji; Hamashima, Yoshitaka

    2016-05-20

    Difunctionalization of alkenes with 1-chloro-1,2-benziodoxol-3-(1H)-one (1) was investigated. Various additional nucleophiles were tested, and oxychlorination, dichlorination, azidochlorination, chlorothiocyanation, and iodoesterfication were demonstrated. The oxychlorination product was obtained efficiently when the reaction was operated in water. Dichlorination occurred in the presence of a Lewis basic promoter, such as 4-phenylpyridine N-oxide, as an additive. The reaction with in situ-generated azido anion afforded azidochlorinated compounds with a chlorine atom at the terminal position, while the reaction with trimethylsilyl isothiocyanate produced chlorothiocyanation adducts with a chlorine atom at the benzylic position. On the other hand, when 1 was treated with tetra-n-butylammonium iodide prior to the addition of alkenes, only iodoesterification occurred selectively. These mild reactions enable convenient site-selective difunctionalizations of substrates having two alkene moieties. NMR experiments suggested that the electrophilic reactive species in each reaction varied depending on the nature of the added nucleophile. PMID:27100051

  8. Probing degradation in complex engineering silicones by 1H multiple quantum NMR

    SciTech Connect

    Maxwell, R S; Chinn, S C; Giuliani, J; Herberg, J L

    2007-09-05

    Static {sup 1}H Multiple Quantum Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MQ NMR) has recently been shown to provide detailed insight into the network structure of pristine silicon based polymer systems. The MQ NMR method characterizes the residual dipolar couplings of the silicon chains that depend on the average molecular weight between physical or chemical constraints. Recently, we have employed MQ NMR methods to characterize the changes in network structure in a series of complex silicone materials subject to numerous degradation mechanisms, including thermal, radiative, and desiccative. For thermal degradation, MQ NMR shows that a combination of crosslinking due to post-curing reactions as well as random chain scissioning reactions occurs. For radiative degradation, the primary mechanisms are via crosslinking both in the network and at the interface between the polymer and the inorganic filler. For samples stored in highly desiccating environments, MQ NMR shows that the average segmental dynamics are slowed due to increased interactions between the filler and the network polymer chains.

  9. 1H and 13C NMR spectral assignments of novel chromenylchalcones.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Hyuk; Ahn, Seunghyun; Hwang, Doseok; Jo, Geunhyeong; Kim, Dong Woon; Kim, Sang Ho; Koh, Dongsoo; Lim, Yoongho

    2012-11-01

    Several types of chalcones containing 2H-chromen group were synthesized. Claisen-Schmidt condensation of 2H-chromen-3-carbaldehydes (I) with methoxy substituted acetophenones afforded (E)-3-(2H-chromen-3-yl)-1-(methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-ones (chromenylchalcones, 1-7). Other types of chromenylchalcone, (E)-1-(6-methoxy-2H-chromen-3-yl)-3-(methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-ones (8-13) were also obtained between reaction of methoxy substituted benzaldehydes and 1-(6-methoxy-2H-chromen-3-yl)ethanone (II). Dichromenylchalcones (14-16) were also synthesized through the same reaction between aldehydes (I) and ketone (II). Their complete (1)H-NMR and (13)C-NMR assignments are reported here and more polysubstituted chromenylchalcones synthesized or isolated from the natural sources in the future can be identified on the basis of the NMR data reported here. PMID:22961709

  10. Synthesis and reactions of C-phosphanylated thiazol-2-thiones.

    PubMed

    Begum, I; Schnakenburg, G; Streubel, R

    2016-02-21

    The facile regioselective synthesis of the P(iii) substituted thiazol-2-thione 2 is presented. Reaction of 2 with hydrogenperoxide-urea, elemental sulfur and selenium resulted in P(v) chalcogenide thiazol-2-thiones 3-5. All compounds were characterized using (31)P, (1)H, (13)C NMR, IR and elemental analyses and, additionally, by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique. Oxidative desulfurization of the 5-phosphinoylated thiazol-2-thione 3 using hydrogenperoxide led to the first C-phosphanoyl substituted thiazolium salt (6). Deprotonation of 6 and in situ reaction with the cyclooctadiene rhodium(i) chloride dimer yielded thiazol-2-ylidene rhodium(i) complex 7 which was confirmed by NMR spectroscopy and ESI-MS spectrometry. PMID:26752502

  11. Dynamic 1H NMR Studies of Schiff Base Derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Köylü, M. Z.; Ekinci, A.; Böyükata, M.; Temel, H.

    2016-01-01

    The spin-lattice relaxation time T 1 and the spin-spin relaxation time T 2 of two Schiff base derivatives, N,N'-ethylenebis(salicylidene)-1,2-diaminoethane (H2L1) and N,N'-ethylenebis (salicylidene)-1,3-diaminopropane (H2L2), in DMSO-d6 solvent were studied as a function of temperature in the range of 20-50°C using a Bruker Avance 400.132 MHz 1H NMR spectrometer. Based on the activation energy ( E a) and correlation time (τc), we believe that the Schiff base derivatives perform a molecular tumbling motion.

  12. 2-Methyl-5-nitro-1H-benzimidazole monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Ghalib, Raza Murad; Hashim, Rokiah; Sulaiman, Othman; Quah, Ching Kheng; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C8H7N3O2H2O, the 2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-benzimidazole molecule, excluding the methyl H atoms, is approximately planar, with a maximum deviation of 0.137?(1)?. The crystal structure is stabilized by water molecules via NH?O(water), O(water)H?O and O(water)H?N hydrogen bonds, forming sheets parallel to the (100) plane. A short intermolecular contact between the benzene and imidazole rings, with a centroidcentroid distance of 3.6419?(10)?, indicates a ?? interaction. PMID:21754885

  13. Dynamics of chitosan by (1)h NMR relaxation.

    PubMed

    Novoa-Carballal, Ramon; Fernandez-Megia, Eduardo; Riguera, Ricardo

    2010-08-01

    The dynamics of chitosan (CS) in solution have been studied by (1)H NMR relaxation [longitudinal (T(1)) and transverse (T(2)) relaxation times and NOE] as a function of the degrees of acetylation (DA, 1-70) and polymerization (DP, 10-1200), temperature (278-343 K), concentration (0.1-30 g/L), and ionic strength (50-400 mM). This analysis points to CS as a semirigid polymer with increased flexibility at higher DA in agreement with reduced electrostatic repulsions between protonated amino groups. PMID:20593894

  14. BUZZARDS BAY IR, 2002

    EPA Science Inventory

    The 2002 Buzzards Bay Implementation Review (IR) summarizes the progress and challenges ahead for the Buzzards Bay Project. Major new completed actions during the past two years include: designation of Buzzards Bay as a no discharge area in August 2000; full support by the Massac...

  15. Synthesis and characterization of carbazolide-based iridium PNP pincer complexes. Mechanistic and computational investigation of alkene hydrogenation: evidence for an Ir(III)/Ir(V)/Ir(III) catalytic cycle.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Chen; Kim, Bong Gon; Guironnet, Damien; Brookhart, Maurice; Guan, Changjian; Wang, David Y; Krogh-Jespersen, Karsten; Goldman, Alan S

    2014-05-01

    New carbazolide-based iridium pincer complexes ((carb)PNP)Ir(C2H4), 3a, and ((carb)PNP)Ir(H)2, 3b, have been prepared and characterized. The dihydride, 3b, reacts with ethylene to yield the cis-dihydride ethylene complex cis-((carb)PNP)Ir(C2H4)(H)2. Under ethylene this complex reacts slowly at 70 °C to yield ethane and the ethylene complex, 3a. Kinetic analysis establishes that the reaction rate is dependent on ethylene concentration and labeling studies show reversible migratory insertion to form an ethyl hydride complex prior to formation of 3a. Exposure of cis-((carb)PNP)Ir(C2H4)(H)2 to hydrogen results in very rapid formation of ethane and dihydride, 3b. DFT analysis suggests that ethane elimination from the ethyl hydride complex is assisted by ethylene through formation of ((carb)PNP)Ir(H)(Et)(C2H4) and by H2 through formation of ((carb)PNP)Ir(H)(Et)(H2). Elimination of ethane from Ir(III) complex ((carb)PNP)Ir(H)(Et)(H2) is calculated to proceed through an Ir(V) complex ((carb)PNP)Ir(H)3(Et) which reductively eliminates ethane with a very low barrier to return to the Ir(III) dihydride, 3b. Under catalytic hydrogenation conditions (C2H4/H2), cis-((carb)PNP)Ir(C2H4)(H)2 is the catalyst resting state, and the catalysis proceeds via an Ir(III)/Ir(V)/Ir(III) cycle. This is in sharp contrast to isoelectronic (PCP)Ir systems in which hydrogenation proceeds through an Ir(III)/Ir(I)/Ir(III) cycle. The basis for this remarkable difference is discussed. PMID:24746026

  16. Graphite catalyzed solvent free synthesis of dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones and their antidiabetic activity.

    PubMed

    Dhumaskar, Kashinath L; Meena, Surya Nandan; Ghadi, Sanjeev C; Tilve, Santosh G

    2014-07-01

    A solvent free three component condensation reaction between an aldehyde, ethyl acetoacetate and urea catalyzed by graphite, a green catalyst is described for the synthesis of dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones. This protocol is scalable and the catalyst is reusable. This method is also applied for the synthesis of dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-thiones. α-Amylase, a key enzyme in carbohydrate metabolism is generally targeted for management of type 2 diabetes. The therapeutic potential of the dihydropyrimidinones and dihydropyrimidinthiones to inhibit α-amylase activity was evaluated by in vitro assay. Of the synthesized compounds 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-thione (1k) demonstrated highest inhibition of α-amylase activity. PMID:24835627

  17. 23Na and 1H NMR Microimaging of Intact Plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olt, Silvia; Krötz, Eva; Komor, Ewald; Rokitta, Markus; Haase, Axel

    2000-06-01

    23Na NMR microimaging is described to map, for the first time, the sodium distribution in living plants. As an example, the response of 6-day-old seedlings of Ricinus communis to exposure to sodium chloride concentrations from 5 to 300 mM was observed in vivo using 23Na as well as 1H NMR microimaging. Experiments were performed at 11.75 T with a double resonant 23Na-1H probehead. The probehead was homebuilt and equipped with a climate chamber. T1 and T2 of 23Na were measured in the cross section of the hypocotyl. Within 85 min 23Na images with an in-plane resolution of 156 × 156 μm were acquired. With this spatial information, the different types of tissue in the hypocotyl can be discerned. The measurement time appears to be short compared to the time scale of sodium uptake and accumulation in the plant so that the kinetics of salt stress can be followed. In conclusion, 23Na NMR microimaging promises great potential for physiological studies of the consequences of salt stress on the macroscopic level and thus may become a unique tool for characterizing plants with respect to salt tolerance and salt sensitivity.

  18. Dynamics-based selective 2D 1H/1H chemical shift correlation spectroscopy under ultrafast MAS conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Rongchun; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2015-05-01

    Dynamics plays important roles in determining the physical, chemical, and functional properties of a variety of chemical and biological materials. However, a material (such as a polymer) generally has mobile and rigid regions in order to have high strength and toughness at the same time. Therefore, it is difficult to measure the role of mobile phase without being affected by the rigid components. Herein, we propose a highly sensitive solid-state NMR approach that utilizes a dipolar-coupling based filter (composed of 12 equally spaced 90° RF pulses) to selectively measure the correlation of 1H chemical shifts from the mobile regions of a material. It is interesting to find that the rotor-synchronized dipolar filter strength decreases with increasing inter-pulse delay between the 90° pulses, whereas the dipolar filter strength increases with increasing inter-pulse delay under static conditions. In this study, we also demonstrate the unique advantages of proton-detection under ultrafast magic-angle-spinning conditions to enhance the spectral resolution and sensitivity for studies on small molecules as well as multi-phase polymers. Our results further demonstrate the use of finite-pulse radio-frequency driven recoupling pulse sequence to efficiently recouple weak proton-proton dipolar couplings in the dynamic regions of a molecule and to facilitate the fast acquisition of 1H/1H correlation spectrum compared to the traditional 2D NOESY (Nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy) experiment. We believe that the proposed approach is beneficial to study mobile components in multi-phase systems, such as block copolymers, polymer blends, nanocomposites, heterogeneous amyloid mixture of oligomers and fibers, and other materials.

  19. Dynamics-based selective 2D (1)H/(1)H chemical shift correlation spectroscopy under ultrafast MAS conditions.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Rongchun; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2015-05-28

    Dynamics plays important roles in determining the physical, chemical, and functional properties of a variety of chemical and biological materials. However, a material (such as a polymer) generally has mobile and rigid regions in order to have high strength and toughness at the same time. Therefore, it is difficult to measure the role of mobile phase without being affected by the rigid components. Herein, we propose a highly sensitive solid-state NMR approach that utilizes a dipolar-coupling based filter (composed of 12 equally spaced 90° RF pulses) to selectively measure the correlation of (1)H chemical shifts from the mobile regions of a material. It is interesting to find that the rotor-synchronized dipolar filter strength decreases with increasing inter-pulse delay between the 90° pulses, whereas the dipolar filter strength increases with increasing inter-pulse delay under static conditions. In this study, we also demonstrate the unique advantages of proton-detection under ultrafast magic-angle-spinning conditions to enhance the spectral resolution and sensitivity for studies on small molecules as well as multi-phase polymers. Our results further demonstrate the use of finite-pulse radio-frequency driven recoupling pulse sequence to efficiently recouple weak proton-proton dipolar couplings in the dynamic regions of a molecule and to facilitate the fast acquisition of (1)H/(1)H correlation spectrum compared to the traditional 2D NOESY (Nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy) experiment. We believe that the proposed approach is beneficial to study mobile components in multi-phase systems, such as block copolymers, polymer blends, nanocomposites, heterogeneous amyloid mixture of oligomers and fibers, and other materials. PMID:26026440

  20. Construction of tetranuclear metallacycles based on half-sandwich Ir, Rh fragments and pyridyl-substituted ligands with different coordinate vectors.

    PubMed

    Fan, Qi-Jia; Zhang, Wen-Ying; Lin, Yue-Jian; Jin, Guo-Xin

    2016-03-21

    A series of organometallic macrocycles have been constructed by two-step reactions of [Cp*M(μ-Cl)Cl]2 (M = Ir, Rh), firstly with AgOTf to abstract chloride ions and then with simple pyridyl-substituted ligands-pyridyldipyrromethene (HL(1)), pyridin-4-yl (1H-pyrrol-2-yl)methanone (HL(2)) and pyridine-4-carbohydrazide (HL(3))-resulting in the formation of the tetranuclear 32-membered metallacycles [(Cp*Ir)(L(1))]4(OTf)4 (2a) and [(Cp*Rh)(L(1))]4(OTf)4 (2b), and the 28-membered metallacycles [(Cp*Ir)(L(2))]4 (OTf)4 (3a), [(Cp*Rh)(L(2))]4(OTf)4 (3b), [(Cp*Ir)(L(3))]4(OTf)4 (4a) and [(Cp*Rh)(L(3))]4(OTf)4 (4b). Four target complexes were characterised by single crystal X-ray analyses, revealing that these metallacycles, constructed from half-sandwich metal corners and pyridyl-substituted linkers, form large ring structures. The observed variation in the metallacyclic geometries was explained on the basis of the structural flexibility of the corner fragments, subtle changes in coordination geometries, and changes in the orientation of the coordinate vectors in the given ligands, as well as different dihedral angles between the two binding fragments in the nonplanar ligands. PMID:26845526

  1. A Novel Mechanistic Study on Ultrasound-Assisted, One-Pot Synthesis of Functionalized Benzimidazo[2,1-b]quinazolin-1(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Chen, Li-Hsun; Chung, Tsai-Wen; Narhe, Bharat D; Sun, Chung-Ming

    2016-03-14

    Ultrasound-assisted synthesis of benzimidazo[2,1-b]quinazolin-1(1H)-ones was achieved via piperidine-catalyzed three-component reaction of 2-aminobenzimidazoles, an aromatic aldehyde, and 1,3-dione in aqueous isopropanol. This mechanism was first suspected following our identification of unusual reaction intermediates in a one-pot reaction. An unprecedented coupling reaction, it involved a nucleophilic attack by 2-aminobenzimidazole on in situ generated Michael adduct, followed by electrocyclic ring formation reaction. In contrast to the commonly accepted mechanism, that the direct reaction of 2-amino benzimidazole with a Knoevenagel adduct cannot deliver target compounds. PMID:26871300

  2. Facile synthesis of 1-alkoxy-1H-benzo- and 7-azabenzotriazoles from peptide coupling agents, mechanistic studies, and synthetic applications

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Manish K; Kumar, Mukesh; Chamala, Raghu Ram; Yedulla, Vijayender R; Wagner, Domenick; Leung, Evan; Yang, Lijia; Matin, Asha; Ahmad, Sadia

    2014-01-01

    Summary (1H-Benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-1-yloxy)tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (BOP), 1H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-1-yl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (Bt-OTs), and 3H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridine-3-yl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (At-OTs) are classically utilized in peptide synthesis for amide-bond formation. However, a previously undescribed reaction of these compounds with alcohols in the presence of a base, leads to 1-alkoxy-1H-benzo- (Bt-OR) and 7-azabenzotriazoles (At-OR). Although BOP undergoes reactions with alcohols to furnish 1-alkoxy-1H-benzotriazoles, Bt-OTs proved to be superior. Both, primary and secondary alcohols undergo reaction under generally mild reaction conditions. Correspondingly, 1-alkoxy-1H-7-azabenzotriazoles were synthesized from At-OTs. Mechanistically, there are three pathways by which these peptide-coupling agents can react with alcohols. From 31P{1H}, [18O]-labeling, and other chemical experiments, phosphonium and tosylate derivatives of alcohols seem to be intermediates. These then react with BtO− and AtO− produced in situ. In order to demonstrate broader utility, this novel reaction has been used to prepare a series of acyclic nucleoside-like compounds. Because BtO− is a nucleofuge, several Bt-OCH2Ar substrates have been evaluated in nucleophilic substitution reactions. Finally, the possible formation of Pd π–allyl complexes by departure of BtO− has been queried. Thus, alpha-allylation of three cyclic ketones was evaluated with 1-(cinnamyloxy)-1H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazole, via in situ formation of pyrrolidine enamines and Pd catalysis. PMID:25246951

  3. HWIL IR imaging testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vinson, R. J.; Passwater, R. D.

    1981-03-01

    The Army simulator facilities are presently configured to conduct hardware-in-the-loop mission tasks on the HELLFIRE and COPPERHEAD missile systems. These systems presently use a LASER seeker. The facility is an ideal candidate to be converted to include infrared (IR) seekers used on the TGSM system. This study investigates the possibility and impact of a facility update. This report documents the feasibility of developing a hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) hybrid simulation incorporating infrared IR seekers used for the Assault Breaker program. Other hardware to be considered are the autopilot, signal conditioning, signal processing, and actuators which may be integrated into the system simulation. Considerations are given to replacing all or elements of hardware while substituting math models in the system simulation.

  4. Nighttime IR Ejecta

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    Today's crater is slightly older than one shown yesterday. The ballistically emplaced ejecta is now a uniform gray tone in this nighttime IR image. With time dust will cover young surfaces and control the IR image tone. This crater is located east of Huygens Crater.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -10.6, Longitude 64.3 East (295.7 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  5. Crater in Nighttime IR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    This nighttime IR image is of a small crater. Note the bright and dark portions of it's ejecta blanket. With ballistic emplacement of ejecta, larger(heavier) material falls closer to the crater rim than smaller material. This is clearly represented in the nighttime IR, where rockier material is warmer/brighter and finer material is darker/cooler.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -6.5, Longitude 24 East (336 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  6. Future of Interoperability (IR) Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cate, Karen; Allen, Bonnie Danette

    2011-01-01

    This presentation provides a forum for discussion about the work presented by the Interoperability (IR) focus area and the future of interoperability research. Of particular interest will be the direction IR research should take in future years

  7. 1-(2,4,6-Trialkylphenyl)-1H-Phospholes with a Flattened P-Pyramid: Synthesis and Reactivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keglevich, György

    The 1H-phospholes with a 2,4,6-trialkylphenyl substituent on the phosphorus atom synthesized in our laboratories are of aromatic character due to their flattened P-pyramid. Hence, they may undergo aromatic electrophilic substitution, such as Friedel-Crafts acylations. The arylphospholes were functionalized via the regioselective reaction with phosphorus tribromide to give substituted phospholes that may be ligands in rhodium complexes used in hydro-formylations. Despite their aromaticity, the arylphospholes may be involved in Diels-Alder cycloaddition with dienophiles to provide 7-phosphanorbornene derivatives useful in fragmentation - related phosphorylations. At elevated temperature, the aryl-1H-phospholes were converted to the 2H-derivatives by a sigmatropic rearrangement to furnish, after trapping, 1-phosphanorbornadienes. The complexation and the oxidation reactions of the sterically hindered arylphospholes are also discussed.

  8. Smart oxygen diffusion barrier based on IrAl alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Hosoda, Hideki; Watanabe, Sadao; Hanada, Shuji

    1999-07-01

    Ir should be used as an effective oxygen diffusion barrier (ODB) for ultrahigh temperature structural materials since Ir exhibits extremely low oxygen diffusivity. Oxidation resistance of Ir is, however, not good due to formation of gaseous oxide, IrO{sub 3}, over 1,390K. In this study, the improvement of oxidation resistance was aimed through alloy design of alloying with Al. IrAl is expected to form a self-healing multifunctional layered structure composed of Ir layer as ODB and Al{sub 2}O{sub 2} layer as a protective oxide (PO) on the Ir layer. Ar arc-melted IrAl alloy was crushed into powder, followed by hot pressing and heat treatment to remove Ir formed by eutectic reaction. Oxidation behavior was measured using thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) under the conditions of (1) dynamic heating of 0.167K/s and (2) isotherms at 1,273K to 1,673K in O{sub 2} environment. It was found that oxidation resistance is much improved by alloying with Al and that the designed structure (PO/ODB) is formed on the IrAl substrate. Compressive mechanical properties were investigated from RT to 1873K: both the strength as a function of normalized temperature and specific strength are higher than those of pure Ir, NiAl, TiAl and Ni{sub 3}Al. IrAl is promising as an advanced smart coating material equipping good oxidation resistance as well as high temperature strength.

  9. Molecular structure of 2-chloromethyl-1H-benzimidazole hydrochloride: Single crystal, spectral, biological studies, and DFT calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel Ghani, Nour T.; Mansour, Ahmed M.

    2012-02-01

    In the present work, structural studies on 2-chloromethyl-1H-benzimidazole hydrochloride have been performed extensively by X-ray crystallography, 1H NMR, FT-IR, UV/vis, and elemental analysis. The title compound crystallizes in a monoclinic space group P21/c with a = 7.1982 (3) Å, b = 9.4513 (5) Å, c = 14.0485 (7) Å and β = 102.440 (3)° forming an infinite chain structure parallel to " b" axis through the intermolecular hydrogen bond. Optimized geometrical structure, harmonic vibrational frequencies, natural bonding orbital (NBO) and frontier molecular orbitals (FMO) were obtained by DFT/B3LYP method combined with 6-31G(d) basis set. TD-DFT calculations help to assign the electronic transitions. The 1H NMR chemical shifts were computed at the B3LYP/6-311 + G(2d,p) level of theory in different solvents by applying GIAO method using the polarizable continuum model (PCM). The title compound was screened for its antibacterial activity referring to Tetracycline as a standard antibacterial agent.

  10. Suzuki Cross-Coupling Reactions: Synthesis of Unsymmetrical Biaryls in the Organic Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Callam, Christopher S.; Lowary, Todd L.

    2001-07-01

    An organic chemistry laboratory experiment in which unsymmetrical biaryl alcohols are synthesized in a two-step process is described. In the first step, an aryl boronic acid is coupled with p-bromoacetaldehyde or p-bromoacetophenone. The carbonyl group of the product is reduced with sodium borohydride in the second step. The products of both reactions are solids that can be easily purified by recrystallization. The primary purpose in implementing this experiment was to give students additional exposure to transition-metal-catalyzed reactions. The experiment provides an opportunity to discuss a number of topics, including the palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling mechanism, reactions that permit the formation of C-C bonds in an aqueous environment, the reduction of carbonyl groups with metal hydrides, and atropisomerism. The students can use IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy to determine the structure of their products, and so this laboratory also allows them to improve their spectral interpretation skills.

  11. Effect of Exercise on the Creatine Resonances in 1H MR Spectra of Human Skeletal Muscle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreis, R.; Jung, B.; Slotboom, J.; Felblinger, J.; Boesch, C.

    1999-04-01

    1H MR spectra of human muscles were recorded before, during, and after fatiguing exercise. In contrast to expectations, it was found that the spectral contributions of creatine/phosphocreatine (Cr/PCr) were subject to change as a function of exercise. In particular, the dipolar-coupled methylene protons of Cr/PCr were found to be reduced in intensity in proportion to the co-registered PCr levels. Recovery after exercise and behavior under ischemic conditions provide further evidence to suggest that the contributions of the CH2protons of Cr/PCr to1H MR spectra of human musclein vivoreflect PCr rather than Cr levels. Variation of experimental parameters showed that this effect is not due to a trivial change in relaxation times. At present it can only be speculated about why the Cr resonances have reduced NMR visibility. If temporary binding to macromolecules should be involved, the free Cr concentration-important for equilibrium calculations of the creatine kinase reaction-might be different from what was previously assumed.

  12. 60 MHz (1)H NMR spectroscopy for the analysis of edible oils.

    PubMed

    Parker, T; Limer, E; Watson, A D; Defernez, M; Williamson, D; Kemsley, E Kate

    2014-05-01

    We report the first results from a new 60 MHz (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) bench-top spectrometer, Pulsar, in a study simulating the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil. There were qualitative differences between spectra from the two oil types. A single internal ratio of two isolated groups of peaks could detect hazelnut oil in olive oil at the level of ∼13%w/w, whereas a whole-spectrum chemometric approach brought the limit of detection down to 11.2%w/w for a set of independent test samples. The Pulsar's performance was compared to that of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The Pulsar delivered comparable sensitivity and improved specificity, making it a superior screening tool. We also mapped NMR onto FTIR spectra using a correlation-matrix approach. Interpretation of this heat-map combined with the established annotations of the NMR spectra suggested a hitherto undocumented feature in the IR spectrum at ∼1130 cm(-1), attributable to a double-bond vibration. PMID:24850979

  13. 60MHz 1H NMR spectroscopy for the analysis of edible oils?

    PubMed Central

    Parker, T.; Limer, E.; Watson, A.D.; Defernez, M.; Williamson, D.; Kemsley, E. Kate

    2014-01-01

    We report the first results from a new 60MHz 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) bench-top spectrometer, Pulsar, in a study simulating the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil. There were qualitative differences between spectra from the two oil types. A single internal ratio of two isolated groups of peaks could detect hazelnut oil in olive oil at the level of ?13%w/w, whereas a whole-spectrum chemometric approach brought the limit of detection down to 11.2%w/w for a set of independent test samples. The Pulsars performance was compared to that of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The Pulsar delivered comparable sensitivity and improved specificity, making it a superior screening tool. We also mapped NMR onto FTIR spectra using a correlation-matrix approach. Interpretation of this heat-map combined with the established annotations of the NMR spectra suggested a hitherto undocumented feature in the IR spectrum at ?1130cm?1, attributable to a double-bond vibration. PMID:24850979

  14. Hexamethyldisiloxane-based nanoprobes for (1) H MRI oximetry.

    PubMed

    Gulaka, Praveen K; Rastogi, Ujjawal; McKay, Madalyn A; Wang, Xianghui; Mason, Ralph P; Kodibagkar, Vikram D

    2011-12-01

    Quantitative in vivo oximetry has been reported using (19) F MRI in conjunction with reporter molecules, such as perfluorocarbons, for tissue oxygenation (pO(2) ). Recently, hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) has been proposed as a promising alternative reporter molecule for (1) H MRI-based measurement of pO(2) . To aid biocompatibility for potential systemic administration, we prepared various nanoemulsion formulations using a wide range of HMDSO volume fractions and HMDSO to surfactant ratios. Calibration curves (R(1) versus pO(2) ) for all emulsion formulations were found to be linear and similar to neat HMDSO for low surfactant concentrations (<10% v/v). A small temperature dependence in the calibration curves was observed, similar to previous reports on neat HMDSO, and was characterized to be approximately 1 Torr/ °C under hypoxic conditions. To demonstrate application in vivo, 100 µL of this nanoemulsion was administered to healthy rat thigh muscle (Fisher 344, n=6). Dynamic changes in mean thigh tissue pO(2) were measured using the PISTOL (proton imaging of siloxanes to map tissue oxygenation levels) technique in response to oxygen challenge. Changing the inhaled gas to oxygen for 30 min increased the mean pO(2) significantly (p<0.001) from 39 ± 7 to 275 ± 27 Torr. When the breathing gas was switched back to air, the tissue pO(2) decreased to a mean value of 45 ± 6 Torr, not significantly different from baseline (p>0.05), in 25 min. A first-order exponential fit to this part of the pO(2) data (i.e. after oxygen challenge) yielded an oxygen consumption-related kinetic parameter k=0.21 ± 0.04 min(-1) . These results demonstrate the feasibility of using HMDSO nanoemulsions as nanoprobes of pO(2) and their utility to assess oxygen dynamics in vivo, further developing quantitative (1) H MRI oximetry. PMID:21412864

  15. New insights into the solvent-assisted excited-state double proton transfer of 2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridine with alcoholic partners: A TDDFT investigation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hui; Shi, Ying; Yin, Hang; Wang, Ye; Cong, Lin; Jin, Mingxing; Ding, Dajun

    2015-04-01

    Excited-state double proton transfer (ESDPT) in the hydrogen-bonded 2-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyridine with propyl alcoholic partner (PPP) was theoretically investigated by time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) method. Great changes have taken place for the calculated geometric structures, the electron density features and vibrational spectrum of PPP system in S0 and S1 state. Our results have demonstrated that ESDPT reaction happens within the system upon photoexcitation. We also found that the ESDPT process is facilitated by the electronically excited state intermolecular hydrogen bond strengthening. Particularly, after the photoexcitation from HOMO(π) to the LUMO(π∗), the rearrangement of electronic density distribution of frontier molecular orbitals (MOs) on pyridine and the pyrazol moieties exhibits a very important positive factor for the ESDPT. Furthermore, by the investigation of the stretching vibrations of Nsbnd H and Osbnd H groups, the infrared (IR) spectroscopic results provide us not only a theoretical evidence of ESDPT, but also a considerable clue to characterize the nature of intermolecular reaction. In addition, efforts have also been devoted towards calculating the absorption peak, which shows good consistency with the experimental result of the studied system.

  16. Conversion of 2'-substituted chalcones in the presence of BSA as evidenced by (1)H NMR studies.

    PubMed

    Raghav, Neera; Garg, Shweta; Ravish, Indu

    2016-04-01

    The emergence of albumin as a biocatalyst has created continuous interest of researchers for its application not only in the field of asymmetric oxidations and reductions but also in chemical reactions such as additions, condensations and eliminations. In the present work we report the cyclization reactions in presence of an albumin protein, Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA). The work is focused on cyclization of 2'-hydroxychalcone and 2'-aminochalcone to flavanones and azaflavanone, respectively. The results are supported by (1)H NMR studies. PMID:26723247

  17. Parahydrogen induced polarization of barbituric acid derivatives: 1H hyperpolarization studies.

    PubMed

    Roth, Meike; Bargon, Joachim; Spiess, Hans Wolfgang; Koch, Achim

    2008-08-01

    Homogeneous hydrogenation of barbituric acid derivatives with parahydrogen yields a substantial increase of the (1)H NMR signals of the reaction products. These physiologically relevant compounds were hydrogenated at both ambient and elevated temperatures and pressures using a standard cationic rhodium catalyst. The resulting nonthermal nuclear spin polarization (hyperpolarization) is limited by the spin-lattice relaxation time T(1) of the corresponding nuclei in the products, being shorter than the time constant of the hydrogenation. The signal-to-noise ratio of the NMR spectra could be further increased upon signal averaging the antiphase PHIP signals of 25 successive scans following 30 degrees pulse experiments and a delay of 10 s. PMID:18470863

  18. IR Spot Weld Inspect

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Jian; Feng, Zhili

    2014-01-01

    In automotive industry, destructive inspection of spot welds is still the mandatory quality assurance method due to the lack of efficient non-destructive evaluation (NDE) tools. However, it is costly and time-consuming. Recently at ORNL, a new NDE prototype system for spot weld inspection using infrared (IR) thermography has been developed to address this problem. This software contains all the key functions that ensure the NDE system to work properly: system input/output control, image acquisition, data analysis, weld quality database generation and weld quality prediction, etc.

  19. IR Spot Weld Inspect

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2014-01-01

    In automotive industry, destructive inspection of spot welds is still the mandatory quality assurance method due to the lack of efficient non-destructive evaluation (NDE) tools. However, it is costly and time-consuming. Recently at ORNL, a new NDE prototype system for spot weld inspection using infrared (IR) thermography has been developed to address this problem. This software contains all the key functions that ensure the NDE system to work properly: system input/output control, image acquisition, datamore » analysis, weld quality database generation and weld quality prediction, etc.« less

  20. Preliminary 1H NMR study on archaeological waterlogged wood.

    PubMed

    Maccotta, Antonella; Fantazzini, Paola; Garavaglia, Carla; Donato, Ines D; Perzia, Patrizia; Brai, Maria; Morreale, Filippa

    2005-01-01

    Magnetic Resonance Relaxation (MRR) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are powerful tools to obtain detailed information on the pore space structure that one is unlikely to obtain in other ways. These techniques are particularly suitable for Cultural Heritage materials, because they use water 1H nuclei as a probe. Interaction with water is one of the main causes of deterioration of materials. Porous structure in wood, for example, favours the penetration of water, which can carry polluting substances and promote mould growth. A particular case is waterlogged wood from underwater discoveries and moist sites; in fact, these finds are very fragile because of chemical, physical and biological decay from the long contact with the water. When wood artefacts are brought to the surface and directly dried in air, there is the collapse of the cellular structures, and wood loses its original form and dimensions and cannot be used for study and museum exhibits. In this work we have undertaken the study of some wood finds coming from Ercolano's harbour by MRR and MRI under different conditions, and we have obtained a characterization of pore space in wood and images of the spatial distribution of the confined water in the wood. PMID:16485652

  1. Observation of coupled 1H metabolite resonances at long TE.

    PubMed

    Soher, Brian J; Pattany, Pradip M; Matson, Gerald B; Maudsley, Andrew A

    2005-06-01

    A PRESS localization (1)H MRS acquisition sequence with a Carr-Purcell train of refocusing pulses (CP-PRESS) has been implemented using global refocusing "sandwich" pulses. The CP pulse train minimized the effects of J-coupled dephasing in metabolites with strongly coupled, multiplet resonance groups as demonstrated in both phantom data and in vivo single-voxel spectroscopy in normal volunteers. Metabolites with multiplet resonance patterns were maintained with greater signal to noise and a simpler resonance pattern at long echo times. T(2) decay times for metabolites with singlet and multiplet resonances were similar to published values, except for the NAA multiplet at 2.5 ppm, which had a significantly shorter T(2) value (147 ms) than that typically reported for the singlet at 2.01 ppm. Metabolite-nulled spectra were acquired in normal volunteers to evaluate the effects of CP-PRESS on baseline signal contributions from residual water, lipids, and macromolecules. The T(2) decay times in four baseline regions in data acquired with the CP-PRESS sequence showed longer decays than corresponding regions in metabolite-nulled spectra from a standard PRESS sequence, but were significantly diminished long before the metabolites of interest were gone. The spectral analysis for spectra with longer TE times also showed less variability due the higher metabolite SNR, simpler spectral patterns, and the decreased baseline contributions. PMID:15906305

  2. 1H Detected 13C Echo Planar Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudson, Alex. M. J.; Köckenberger, Walter; Heidenreich, Michael; Chandrakumar, Narayanan; Kimmich, Rainer; Bowtell, Richard

    2002-03-01

    Cyclic J cross polarisation (CYCLCROP) is a sensitive method for the noninvasive monitoring of 13C distributions and fluxes. The PRAWN rotating frame Hartmann-Hahn mixing sequence ameliorates problems associated with sensitivity to Hartmann-Hahn mismatch and reduces RF power deposition. The combination of CYCLCROP with echo planar imaging (EPI) for spatial encoding of the proton detected carbon signal allows efficient use of the available signal to be made, permitting a significant improvement in the temporal resolution of any study. We report here on some initial experiments to demonstrate the feasibility of echo planar proton detected 13C imaging using CYCLCROP based upon the PRAWN module, including the application of the technique to the measurement of transport and accumulation of 13C-labelled sucrose in a castor bean seedling. Two methods that can be used to eliminate the effect of the J-splitting in the EP images are presented. In addition, a fast, image-based B1 field-mapping method which may be used to quantitatively map the low frequency RF field in a dual resonant (13C/1H) probe is presented. The technique utilises the above described imaging method, permitting fully quantitative, 64×64 axial field maps to be generated in about a minute.

  3. 1H NMR spectroscopic identification of a glue sniffing biomarker.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Bobae; Kim, Siwon; Kim, Sosun; Lee, Dong-Kye; Park, Yu-Jin; Kim, Myung-Duck; Lee, Jae-Shin; Kim, Suhkmann

    2011-06-15

    Organic solvent abuse typically involves sniffing organic solvents to experience the mind-altering conditions they induce. In Republic of Korea, organic solvent abuse is a serious social problem, especially among teenagers. Several studies have addressed the effects of organic solvent abuse on mind and body, but there are no simple methods by which such abuse can be positively identified. In this report, we describe a method for analyzing toluene metabolites (toluene is the main ingredient of glue) in glue-sniffers' urine using (1)H NMR spectroscopy. Toluene is a commonly used solvent in the rubber, paint, plastics, leather, printing, and chemical industries. Inhaled toluene is metabolized to hippuric acid in the liver and excreted in the urine. Hippuric acid is known as a good biomarker for biological monitoring of toluene exposure. We have scanned hippuric acid and other toluene metabolites by NMR spectroscopy and performed statistical multivariate analysis of the data. Based on this analysis, we sought to determine parameters by which glue-sniffing (toluene inhalation) behavior may be verified. We also demonstrate the use of a pattern recognition method for accurate and efficient analysis of NMR data. In comparison to conventional methods, such as mass spectroscopy coupled with liquid chromatography or gas chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has several advantages, including simple sample preparation, non-destructive sampling, accuracy, short acquisition time, and reproducibility in the determination of urinary hippuric acid. PMID:21316881

  4. 3-hydroxy-2(1H)-pyridinone chelating agents

    DOEpatents

    Raymond, K.N.; Xu, J.

    1997-04-29

    Disclosed is a series of improved metal chelating agents, which are highly effective upon both injection and oral administration; several of the most effective are of low toxicity. These chelating agents incorporate within their structure 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) and 3-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (3,2-HOPO) moieties with a substituted carbamoyl group ortho to the hydroxy or oxo groups of the hydroxypyridinone ring. The electron-withdrawing carbamoyl group increases the acidity of the hydroxypyridinones. In the metal complexes of the chelating agents, the amide protons form very strong hydrogen bonds with its adjacent HOPO oxygen donor, making these complexes very stable at physiological conditions. The terminal N-substituents provides a certain degree of lipophilicity to the 3,2-HOPO, increasing oral activity. Also disclosed is a method of making the chelating agents and a method of producing a known compound, 3-hydroxy-1-alkyl-2(1H)pyridinone, used as a precursor to the chelating agent, safely and in large quantities. 2 figs.

  5. 3-hydroxy-2(1H)-pyridinone chelating agents

    DOEpatents

    Raymond, Kenneth N.; Xu, Jide

    1997-01-01

    Disclosed is a series of improved metal chelating agents, which are highly effective upon both injection and oral administration; several of the most effective are of low toxicity. These chelating agents incorporate within their structure 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) and 3-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (3,2-HOPO) moieties with a substituted carbamoyl group ortho to the hydroxy or oxo groups of the hydroxypyridinone ring. The electron-withdrawing carbamoyl group increases the acidity of the hydroxypyridinones. In the metal complexes of said chelating agents, the amide protons form very strong hydrogen bonds with its adjacent HOPO oxygen donor, making these complexes very stable at physiological conditions. The terminal N-substituents provides a certain degree of lipophilicity to said 3,2-HOPO, increasing oral activity. Also disclosed is a method of making the chelating agents and a method of producing a known compound, 3-hydroxy-1-alkyl-2(1H)pyridinone, used as a precursor to the chelating agent, safely and in large quantities.

  6. The Conformations and Structures of 1H-NONAFLUOROBUTANE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fournier, Joseph A.; Bohn, Robert K.; Montgomery, John A.; , Jr.

    2012-06-01

    The all trans conformers of perfluorocarbons, unlike hydrocarbons, are helical with C-C-C-C dihedral angles about 1640. Fluorocarbons with H substitution can replace chlorofluorocarbons as propellants and compressor fluids without the disadvantage of causing ozone depletion in the upper atmosphere. 1H-perfluorobutane, CHF_2CF_2CF_2CF_3, has been studied by pulsed-jet Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy. The spectrum is very rich. Quantum chemical calculations identify five stable conformers with relative energies up to 1.1 kcal/mol. Thus far three conformers have been characterized and many lines remain unassigned. The assigned species have CCCCanti/CCCH gauche as well as the anti/anti and gauche/anti forms. Rotational constant values are 1428.9501(2) MHz, 593.323877(6) MHz, and 546.43578(6) MHz for the anti/gauche species, 1323.664(3) MHz, 617.6051(5) MHz for the ant/anti species, and 1066.9384(4) MHz, 768.4736(4) MHz, and 671.3145(4) MHz for the gauche/anti form.

  7. Quantitative and qualitative 1H, 13C, and 15N NMR spectroscopic investigation of the urea-formaldehyde resin synthesis.

    PubMed

    Steinhof, Oliver; Kibrik, Éléonore J; Scherr, Günter; Hasse, Hans

    2014-04-01

    Urea-formaldehyde resins are bulk products of the chemical industry. Their synthesis involves a complex reaction network. The present work contributes to its elucidation by presenting results from detailed NMR spectroscopic studies with different methods. Besides (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR, (15)N NMR spectroscopy is also applied. (15)N-enriched urea was used for the investigations. A detailed NMR signal assignment and a model of the reaction network of the hydroxymethylation step of the synthesis are presented. Because of its higher spectral dispersion and the fact that all key reactions directly involve the nitrogen centers, (15)N NMR provides a much larger amount of detail than do (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. Symmetric and asymmetric dimethylol urea can be clearly distinguished and separated from monomethylol urea, trimethylol urea, and methylene-bridged urea. The existence of hemiformals of methylol urea is confirmed. 1,3,5-Oxadiazinan-4-on (uron) and its derivatives were not found in the reaction mixtures investigated here but were prepared via alternative routes. The molar ratios of formaldehyde to urea were 1, 2, and 4, the pH values 7.5 and 8.5, and the reaction temperature 60 °C. PMID:24496721

  8. Nighttime IR Channels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    This night time IR image shows Parana Vallis. Parana Vallis is one of many channels located in the Martian highlands SE of Eos Chasma (the eastern end of Valles Marineris). Parana Vallis is likely to have been formed by fluvial activity.

    NOTE: in nighttime images North is to the bottom of the image.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -24.6, Longitude 349.7 East (10.3 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  9. Tyrrhena Patera Nighttime IR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    Like yesterday's image, the small unnamed channel in this nighttime IR image is located near Tyrrhena Patera. This channel is located to the northwest of the volcanic complex and likely formed by fluvial action.

    NOTE: in nighttime images North is to the bottom of the image.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -24.6, Longitude 349.7 East (10.3 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  10. Nirgal Vallis Nighttime IR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    This nighttime IR image is of Nirgal Vallis, a long fluvial channel that flows south (towards top of image) into the margin of Argyre Basin.

    NOTE: in nighttime images North is to the bottom of the image.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -28.4, Longitude 317.6 East (42.4 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  11. Nd(III) and Dy(III) coordination compounds based on 1H-tetrazolate-5-acetic acid ligands: Synthesis, crystal structures and catalytic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Li Qiaoyun; Chen Dianyu; He Minghua; Yang Gaowen; Shen Lei; Zhai Chun; Shen Wei; Gu Kun; Zhao Jingjing

    2012-06-15

    Reactions of 1H-tetrazolate-5-acetic acid(H{sub 2}tza) with Nd(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O or Dy(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O with the presence of KOH under solvothermal conditions, produced two new coordination compounds, [M{sub 2}(tza){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O [M=Nd(1), Dy(2)]. Both compounds were structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 reveal 1D structures via bridging tza as linker. Furthermore, the compounds 1 and 2 showed a specific and good catalytic behavior for the polymerization of styrene, and the polymerization showed controlled characteristics. - Graphical Abstract: Two new coordination compounds, [M{sub 2}(tza){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O [M=Nd(1), Dy(2)] have been synthesis. 1 and 2 reveal 1D structures via bridging tza as linker, and showed a specific and good catalytic behavior for the polymerization of styrene. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer we have reported two novel compounds formed by H{sub 2}tza and Nd(III) or Dy(III). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compounds 1 and 2 were found to have catalysis property for the photo-polymerization of styrene. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The high molecular weight polymers with narrow molecular weight distributions were obtained.

  12. Construction of recombinant pEGFP-N1-hPer2 plasmid and its expression in osteosarcoma cells

    PubMed Central

    CHENG, ANYUAN; ZHANG, YAN; MEI, HONGJUN; FANG, SHUO; JI, PENG; YANG, JIAN; YU, LING; GUO, WEICHUN

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to construct the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1-hPer2 and assess its expression in the human osteosarcoma cell line MG63. Total mRNA was extracted from human osteosarcoma MG63 cells, the human period 2 (hPer2) gene was obtained by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cloned into the pEGFP-N1 vector, then the recombinant pEGFP-N1-hPer2 plasmid was constructed and transfected into MG63 cells using Lipofectamine 2000. The expression of hPer2 in MG63 cells was measured by quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis. The accurate construction of pEGFP-N1-hPer2 was verified by double enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing. hPer2 gene expression in the transfected cells was assessed by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis. In conclusion, the recombinant pEGFP-N1-hPer2 plasmid was constructed successfully, and expressed effectively in MG63 cells. PMID:27073550

  13. Integrated IR sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tom, Michael; Trujillo, Edward

    1994-06-01

    Integrated infrared (IR) sensors which exploit modular avionics concepts can provide features such as operational flexibility, enhanced stealthiness, and ease of maintenance to meet the demands of tactical, airborne sensor systems. On-board, tactical airborne sensor systems perform target acquisition, tracking, identification, threat warning, missile launch detection, and ground mapping in support of situation awareness, self-defense, navigation, target attack, weapon support, and reconnaissance activities. The use of sensor suites for future tactical aircraft such as US Air Force's multirole fighter require a blend of sensor inputs and outputs that may vary over time. It is expected that special-role units of these tactical aircraft will be formed to conduct tasks and missions such as anti-shipping, reconnaissance, or suppression of enemy air defenses.

  14. Synthesis, crystal structure, HF and DFT calculations of 1-(2-chlorobenzyl)-N-(1-(2-chlorobenzyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl) -1H-benzimidazol-2-amine

    SciTech Connect

    Yueksektepe, Cigdem; Caliskan, Nezihe; Genc, Murat; Servi, Sueleyman

    2010-12-15

    The titled compound (1), has been synthesized and characterized by IR and {sup 1}H-NMR spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1. The crystal structure is stabilized by C-H-{pi} and aromatic {pi}-{pi} interactions. There are also intramolecular N-H-N and C-H-N hydrogen bonds in the molecule. The use of quantum chemical calculations to characterise and optimise the choice of material is illustrated by ab initio treatments. Vibrational frequencies and LUMO-HOMO energy difference of 1 have also been investigated by Density functional theory (DFT) and Hartree-Fock (HF) calculations. Calculated frequencies are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data.

  15. Cd(II) and Zn(II) complexes of two new hexadentate Schiff base ligands derived from different aldehydes and ethanol amine; X-ray crystal structure, IR and NMR spectroscopy studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golbedaghi, Reza; Rezaeivala, Majid; Albeheshti, Leila

    2014-11-01

    Four new [Cd(H2L1)(NO3)]ClO4 (1), [Zn(H2L1)](ClO4)2 (2), [Cd(H2L2)(NO3)]ClO4 (3), and [Zn(H2L2)](ClO4)2 (4), complexes were prepared by the reaction of two new Schiff base ligands and Cd(II) and Zn(II) metal ions in equimolar ratios. The ligands H2L1 and H2L2 were synthesized by reaction of 2-[2-(2-formyl phenoxy)ethoxy]benzaldehyde and/or 2-[2-(3-formyl phenoxy)propoxy]benzaldehyde and ethanol amine and characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. All complexes were characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, COSY, and elemental analysis. Also, the complex 1 was characterized by X-ray in addition to the above methods. The X-ray crystal structure of compound 1 showed that all nitrogen and oxygen atoms of ligand (N2O4) and a molecule of nitrate with two donor oxygen atom have been coordinated to the metal ion and the Cd(II) ion is in an eight-coordinate environment that is best described as a distorted dodecahedron geometry.

  16. 1H and 13C Solid-state NMR of Gossypium barbadense (Pima) Cotton

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The interaction of water with cellulose and its influence on the nuclear spin dynamics in G. barbadense (Pima) cotton were investigated by 1H and 13C solid-state NMR techniques. 1H spin diffusion results from a Goldman-Shen experiment indicate that the water is multilayered. 1H MAS experiments pro...

  17. 1H and 13C Solid-state NMR of G. barbadense (Pima) Cotton

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The interaction of water with cellulose and its influence on the nuclear spin dynamics in G. barbadense (Pima) cotton were investigated with 1H and 13C solid-state NMR techniques. 1H spin diffusion results from a Goldman-Shen experiment indicate that the water is multilayered. 1H MAS experiment...

  18. Spectroscopic and quantum chemical studies on the structure of 2-arylquinoline-4(1 H)-thione derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mphahlele, Malose J.; El-Nahas, Ahmed M.; El-Gogary, Tarek M.

    2004-03-01

    The geometries of the title compounds were probed in solution, solid and gas states using spectroscopic methods, X-ray crystallography and quantum chemical techniques. The exclusive existence of the NH-4-thiones in solution (NMR and PCM-B3LYP(MP2)/6-31+G(d) calculations) and solid state (FT-IR and X-ray) is also corroborated by comparison of their spectroscopic data with those of the corresponding 2-aryl-1-methylquinoline-4(1 H)-thione derivatives. The co-existence of the quinoline-4-thione and quinoline-4-thiol (4-mercaptoquinoline) isomers in the gas phase is confirmed by mass spectrometry and the preponderance of the 4-thiol is supported by quantum chemical techniques (PM3, MP2 and B3LYP).

  19. Synthesis and herbicidal activity of N,N-diethyl-3-(arylselenonyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-carboxamide.

    PubMed

    Ma, Yanming; Liu, Runhui; Gong, Xiuying; Li, Zhong; Huang, Qingchun; Wang, Haishui; Song, Gonghua

    2006-10-01

    Based on the carbamoyl triazole herbicide Cafenstrole, 12 novel selenium-containing compounds were designed and synthesized. All of the compounds were characterized and confirmed by IR, 1H NMR, and high-resolution mass spectroscopy. The bioassay tests showed that some of the compounds (C2, C4, C(7-8), and C12) exhibited good inhibitory activity against cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and semen euphorbiae (Leptochloa chinensis N.). Especially, compound C6 inhibited the growth of cucumber and semen euphorbiae by >90% at a concentration of 1.875 microg/mL, and the inhibition of the compound on the rice (Oryza sativa L.) was only 8.3% at a concentration of 7.5 microg/mL, which indicated a higher selectivity between weed and rice than that shown by Cafenstrole. PMID:17002445

  20. Transient UV pump-IR probe investigation of heterocyclic ring-opening dynamics in the solution phase: the role played by n?* states in the photoinduced reactions of thiophenone and furanone.

    PubMed

    Murdock, Daniel; Harris, Stephanie J; Luke, Joel; Grubb, Michael P; Orr-Ewing, Andrew J; Ashfold, Michael N R

    2014-10-21

    The heterocyclic ring-opening dynamics of thiophenone and furanone dissolved in CH3CN have been probed by ultrafast transient infrared spectroscopy. Following irradiation at 267 nm (thiophenone) or 225 nm (furanone), prompt (? < 1 ps) ring-opening is confirmed by the appearance of a characteristic antisymmetric ketene stretching feature around 2150 cm(-1). The ring-opened product molecules are formed highly vibrationally excited, and cool subsequently on a ?6.7 ps timescale. By monitoring the recovery of the parent (S0) bleach, it is found that ?60% of the initially photoexcited thiophenone molecules reform the parent molecule, in stark contrast with the case in furanone where there is less than 10% parent bleach recovery. Complementary ab initio calculations of potential energy cuts along the S-C([double bond, length as m-dash]O) and O-C([double bond, length as m-dash]O) ring-opening coordinate reveals insights into the reaction mechanism, and the important role played by dissociative (n/?)?* states in the UV-induced photochemistry of such heterocyclic systems. PMID:25175813

  1. Spectroscopic characterization and density functional studies of (Z)-1-[(2-methoxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenylamino)methylene]naphthalene-2(1H)-one

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpaslan, Yelda Bingöl; Gökce, Halil; Alpaslan, Gökhan; Macit, Mustafa

    2015-10-01

    In the current work, the Schiff base compound (Z)-1-[(2-Methoxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenylamino)methylene]naphthalene-2(1H)-one (I) has been characterized by using 13C NMR, 1H NMR, FT-IR and UV-vis spectroscopic techniques. Molecular geometry of the compound I in the ground state, vibrational frequencies, electronic absorption spectra and gauge including atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift values have been calculated by using the density functional method (DFT) with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set and compared with the experimental data. The optimized geometric parameters obtained by using DFT (B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)) show good agreement with the experimental data. The vibrational frequencies were determined based on the recorded FT-IR spectra in the range of 4000-400 cm-1 for solid state. Using the TD-DFT method, electronic absorption spectra of the compound I have been predicted and good agreement is determined with the experimental ones. In addition, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), frontier molecular orbital analysis (HOMO-LUMO), non-linear optical (NLO) properties, NBO analysis and NBO atomic charges of the compound I were investigated using same theoretical calculations.

  2. Formal [4+2] annulation of enaminones and cyanomethyl sulfur ylide: one-pot access to polysubstituted pyridin-2(1H)-ones.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qian; Liu, Xu; Xin, Xiaoqing; Zhang, Rui; Liang, Yongjiu; Dong, Dewen

    2014-12-18

    A facile and efficient one-pot synthesis of polysubstituted pyridin-2(1H)-ones from readily available enaminones and the cyanomethyl sulfonium bromide salt in the presence of cesium carbonate is developed, and a mechanism involving sequential nucleophilic vinylic substitution (S(N)V), intramolecular nucleophilic cyclization and dealkylation reactions is proposed. PMID:25349951

  3. Ir-Surface enriched porous Ir-Co oxide hierarchical architecture for high performance water oxidation in acidic media.

    PubMed

    Hu, Wei; Zhong, Huawei; Liang, Wei; Chen, Shengli

    2014-08-13

    The large-scale application of acidic water electrolysis as a viable energy storage technology has been hindered by the high demand of precious metal oxides at anode to catalyze the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). We report an Ir-Co binary oxide electrocatalyst for OER fabricated by a multistep process of selective leaching of Co from Co-rich composite oxides prepared through thermal decomposition. The stepwise leaching of the Co component from the composites leads to the formation of macro- and mesoscale voids walled by a cross-linked nanoporous network of rod- and wedge-like building units of Ir-Co binary oxide with a rutile phase structure and an Ir-enriched surface. In comparison, Ir-Co binary oxide with similar composition prepared by direct thermal decomposition method exhibits a loose nanoparticle aggregation morphology with a Co-enriched surface. The cross-linked porous Ir-Co binary oxide from selective leaching is about 3-fold more active for the OER than that from direct thermal decomposition. Compared with pure IrO2 from thermal decomposition, the Co-leached binary oxide is ca. two times more active and is much more durable during continuous oxygen evolution under a constant potential of 1.6 V, thus showing a possibility of reducing the demand of the expensive and scarce Ir in OER electrocatalyst for acidic water splitting. PMID:24984084

  4. A study of 192Ir production conditions at an electron accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dovbnya, A. N.; Rogov, Yu. V.; Shevchenko, V. A.; Shramenko, B. I.; Tenishev, A. Eh.; Torgovkin, A. V.; Uvarov, V. L.

    2014-09-01

    This communication deals with the conditions of 192Ir isotope production under a nonreactor technology via the 193Ir(γ, n)192Ir reaction. It can be carried out by irradiation of a target from natural iridium with the high-energy X-ray of an electron accelerator. The possibility of increasing the photonuclear yield of the target isotope by addition of the 191Ir( n, γ)192Ir reaction induced by moderated photoneutrons has been shown. For this, an X-ray converter and a target were placed inside a neutron moderator. Data on the 192Ir and admixture yields for the techniques using the moderator and without it have been obtained by computer simulation and experimentally.

  5. 3D15N/15N/1H Chemical Shift Correlation Experiment Utilizing an RFDR-based 1H/1H Mixing Period at 100 kHz MAS

    PubMed Central

    Nishiyama, Yusuke; Malon, Michal; Ishii, Yuji; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2014-01-01

    Homonuclear correlation NMR experiments are commonly used in the high-resolution structural studies of proteins. While 13C/13C chemical shift correlation experiments utilizing dipolar recoupling techniques are fully utilized under MAS, correlation of the chemical shifts of 15N nuclei in proteins has been a challenge. Previous studies have shown that the negligible 15N-15N dipolar coupling in peptides or proteins necessitates the use of a very long mixing time (typically several seconds) for effective spin diffusion to occur and considerably slows down a 15N/15N correlation experiment. In this study, we show that the use of mixing proton magnetization, instead of 15N, via the recoupled 1H-1H dipolar couplings enable faster 15N/15N correlation. In addition, the use of proton-detection under ultrafast MAS overcomes the sensitivity loss due to multiple magnetization transfer (between 1H and 15N nuclei) steps. In fact, less than 300 nL (~1.1 micromole quantity) sample is sufficient to acquire the 3D spectrum within 5 hours. Our results also demonstrate that a 3D 15N/15N/1H experiment can render higher resolution spectra that will be useful in the structural studies of proteins at ultrafast MAS frequencies. 3D 15N/15N/1H and 2D radio frequency-driven dipolar recoupling (RFDR)-based 1H/1H experimental results obtained from a powder sample of N-acetyla-L-15N-valyl-L-15N-leucine at 70 and 100 kHz MAS frequencies are presented. PMID:24801998

  6. 3D 15N/15N/1H chemical shift correlation experiment utilizing an RFDR-based 1H/1H mixing period at 100 kHz MAS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishiyama, Yusuke; Malon, Michal; Ishii, Yuji; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2014-07-01

    Homonuclear correlation NMR experiments are commonly used in the high-resolution structural studies of proteins. While 13C/13C chemical shift correlation experiments utilizing dipolar recoupling techniques are fully utilized under MAS, correlation of the chemical shifts of 15N nuclei in proteins has been a challenge. Previous studies have shown that the negligible 15N-15N dipolar coupling in peptides or proteins necessitates the use of a very long mixing time (typically several seconds) for effective spin diffusion to occur and considerably slows down a 15N/15N correlation experiment. In this study, we show that the use of mixing proton magnetization, instead of 15N, via the recoupled 1H-1H dipolar couplings enable faster 15N/15N correlation. In addition, the use of proton-detection under ultrafast MAS overcomes the sensitivity loss due to multiple magnetization transfer (between 1H and 15N nuclei) steps. In fact, less than 300 nL (?1.1 micromole quantity) sample is sufficient to acquire the 3D spectrum within 5 h. Our results also demonstrate that a 3D 15N/15N/1H experiment can render higher resolution spectra that will be useful in the structural studies of proteins at ultrafast MAS frequencies. 3D 15N/15N/1H and 2D radio frequency-driven dipolar recoupling (RFDR)-based 1H/1H experimental results obtained from a powder sample of N-acetyla-L-15N-valyl-L-15N-leucine at 70 and 100 kHz MAS frequencies are presented.

  7. Ultrafast 2D IR microscopy

    PubMed Central

    Baiz, Carlos R.; Schach, Denise; Tokmakoff, Andrei

    2014-01-01

    We describe a microscope for measuring two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectra of heterogeneous samples with μm-scale spatial resolution, sub-picosecond time resolution, and the molecular structure information of 2D IR, enabling the measurement of vibrational dynamics through correlations in frequency, time, and space. The setup is based on a fully collinear “one beam” geometry in which all pulses propagate along the same optics. Polarization, chopping, and phase cycling are used to isolate the 2D IR signals of interest. In addition, we demonstrate the use of vibrational lifetime as a contrast agent for imaging microscopic variations in molecular environments. PMID:25089490

  8. Clathrochelates meet phosphorus. New thio- and phosphorylation reactions of an iron(ii) dichloroclathrochelate precursor and preparation of its first phosphorus(iii)-containing macrobicyclic derivative.

    PubMed

    Artyushin, Oleg I; Matveeva, Ekaterina V; Vologzhanina, Anna V; Voloshin, Yan Z

    2016-03-15

    Phosphorylation reactions of an iron(ii) dichloroclathrochelate FeBd2(Cl2Gm)(BF)2 (where Bd(2-) and Cl2Gm(2-) are α-benzildioxime and dichloroglyoxime dianions, respectively) with diphenylphosphine oxide and diethyl thiophosphite were performed under phase-transfer conditions. In the case of diethyl thiophosphite as a P-nucleophile, the best yields were obtained in the dichloromethane-50% NaOH aqueous solution-5 mol% triethylbenzylammonium chloride (TEBAC) system. The use of different molar ratios of a macrobicycle precursor and this thiophosphorylating agent allowed us to obtain both the mono- and the diphosphorylated cage complexes. Nucleophilic substitution with diphenylphosphine oxide was performed in the K2CO3-acetonitrile-5 mol% TEBAC system, giving only the corresponding monophosphorylated iron(ii) complex in high yield even in the presence of an excess of this P-nucleophile. The phosphorus(v)-containing clathrochelate product was reduced with an excess of silicoform to give an iron(ii) macrobicycle with an inherent diphenylphosphine group in an almost quantitative yield, which was then characterized by (31)P{(1)H} NMR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction; it easily undergoes re-oxidation to the initial clathrochelate. The synthesized phosphorus(v)-containing cage complexes were characterized using elemental analysis, MALDI-TOF mass, IR, UV-Vis, (1)H, (11)B, (13)C{(1)H}, (19)F{(1)H} and (31)P{(1)H} NMR spectra, and by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. PMID:26902835

  9. Monitoring bound HA1(H1N1) and HA1(H5N1) on freely suspended graphene over plasmonic platforms with infrared spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banerjee, Amrita; Chakraborty, Sumit; Altan-Bonnet, Nihal; Grebel, Haim

    2013-09-01

    Infrared (IR) spectroscopy provides fingerprinting of the energy and orientation of molecular bonds. The IR signals are generally weak and require amplification. Here we present a new plasmonic platform, made of freely suspended graphene, which was coating periodic metal structures. Only monolayer thick films were needed for a fast signal recording. We demonstrated unique IR absorption signals of bound proteins: these were the hemagglutinin area (HA1) of swine influenza (H1N1) and the avian influenza (H5N1) viruses bound to their respective tri-saccharides ligand receptors. The simplicity and sensitivity of such approach may find applications in fast monitoring of binding events.

  10. Visual and Near-IR Photometry of Nova Del 2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gehrz, R. D.; Dykhoff, D. A.; Shenoy, D. P.

    2013-08-01

    We report Visual and Near-IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 taken at the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine-on-St-Croix, Minnesota, USA). VRIJHKLM photometry were obtained on two successive nights using an AsSi bolometer. Vega (alpha Lyrae) was used as the standard star. Our photometry show: August 16.2 UT: V = 4.8 +/- 0.1, R = 5.4 +/- 0.1, I = 5.2 +/- 0.1, J = 4.4 +/- 0.1, H = 4.3 +/- 0.1, K = 4.3 +/- 0.1, L = 4.5 +/- 0.2.

  11. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical studies of (TPP)(Ir(CO)/sub 3/)/sub 2/) in nonaqueous media

    SciTech Connect

    Kadish, K.M.; Deng, Y.J.; Yao, C.L.; Anderson, J.E.

    1988-09-01

    A modified method for the synthesis of (TPP)(Ir(CO)/sub 3/)/sub 2/ from (Ir(CO)/sub 3/Cl)/sub 2/ and (TPP)H/sub 2/ where TPP is the dianion of tetraphenylporphyrin was developed and gives a much higher percent yield. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical studies of (TPP)(Ir(CO)/sub 3/)/sub 2/ indicate that this binuclear Ir(I) complex undergoes two reversible reductions at the porphyrin /pi/-ring system. Three irreversible oxidations are observed in benzonitrile containing 0.2 M tetrabutylammonium perchlorate, while in CH/sub 2/Cl/sub 2/, only two irreversible oxidations are recorded. The first oxidation occurs at one of the two Ir(I) centers of (TPP)(Ir(CO)/sub 3/)/sub 2/ and is followed by a rapid chemical reaction that leads to the generation of ((TPP)Ir)/sup +/ClO/sub 4//sup /minus// or a solvated form of this species in solution. An overall mechanism for the electrochemical conversion of binuclear (TPP)(Ir(CO)/sub 3/)/sub 2/ to monomeric ((TPP)Ir)/sup +/ClO/sub 4//sup /minus// and the additional reactions of this species are reported. Comparisons are also made between electrochemical properties of binuclear (TPP)(Ir(CO)/sub 3/)/sub 2/ and the binuclear Rh(I) analogue (TPP)(Rh(CO)/sub 2/)/sub 2/.

  12. Vibrational spectroscopic, 1H NMR and quantum chemical computational study of 4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-8-carboxylic acid.

    PubMed

    Ulahannan, Rajeev T; Panicker, C Yohannan; Varghese, Hema Tresa; Van Alsenoy, C; Musiol, Robert; Jampilek, Josef; Anto, P L

    2014-01-01

    FT-IR, FT-Raman and (1)H NMR spectra of 4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-8-carboxylic acid were recorded and obtained data were confronted with the computed using Gaussian09 software package. DFT/B3LYP, B3PW91 calculations have been done using 6-31G* and SDD basis sets, to investigate the vibrational frequencies and geometrical parameters. The assignments of the normal modes are done by potential energy distribution (PED) calculations. The calculated first hyperpolarizability is comparable with the reported values of similar quinoline derivatives and is an attractive object for future studies of non-linear optics. The stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugative interaction and charge delocalization has been analyzed using NBO analysis. MEP predicts the most reactive part in the molecule. The calculated (1)H NMR results are in good agreement with experimental data. PMID:24287054

  13. Optical/IR from ground

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strom, Stephen; Sargent, Wallace L. W.; Wolff, Sidney; Ahearn, Michael F.; Angel, J. Roger; Beckwith, Steven V. W.; Carney, Bruce W.; Conti, Peter S.; Edwards, Suzan; Grasdalen, Gary

    1991-01-01

    Optical/infrared (O/IR) astronomy in the 1990's is reviewed. The following subject areas are included: research environment; science opportunities; technical development of the 1980's and opportunities for the 1990's; and ground-based O/IR astronomy outside the U.S. Recommendations are presented for: (1) large scale programs (Priority 1: a coordinated program for large O/IR telescopes); (2) medium scale programs (Priority 1: a coordinated program for high angular resolution; Priority 2: a new generation of 4-m class telescopes); (3) small scale programs (Priority 1: near-IR and optical all-sky surveys; Priority 2: a National Astrometric Facility); and (4) infrastructure issues (develop, purchase, and distribute optical CCDs and infrared arrays; a program to support large optics technology; a new generation of large filled aperture telescopes; a program to archive and disseminate astronomical databases; and a program for training new instrumentalists)

  14. Antileishmanial pharmacomodulation in 8-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one series.

    PubMed

    Kieffer, Charline; Cohen, Anita; Verhaeghe, Pierre; Paloque, Lucie; Hutter, Sébastien; Castera-Ducros, Caroline; Laget, Michèle; Rault, Sylvain; Valentin, Alexis; Rathelot, Pascal; Azas, Nadine; Vanelle, Patrice

    2015-05-15

    An antileishmanial pharmacomodulation at position 4 of 8-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one was conducted by using the Sonogashira and Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions. A series of 25 derivatives was tested in vitro on the promastigote stage of Leishmania donovani along with an in vitro cytotoxicity evaluation on the human HepG2 cell line. Only the derivatives bearing a phenyl moiety at position 4 of the quinoline ring displayed interesting biologic profile, when the phenyl moiety was substituted at the para position by a Br or Cl atom, or by a CF3 group. Among them, molecules 17 and 19 were the most selective and were then tested in vitro on the intracellular amastigote stage of both L. donovani and Leishmania infantum, in parallel with complementary in vitro cytotoxicity assays on the macrophage cell lines THP-1 and J774A.1. Molecule 19 showed no activity on the amastigote stages of the parasites and some cytotoxicity on the J774A.1 cell line while molecule 17, less cytotoxic than 19, showed anti-amastigote activity in L. infantum, being 3 times less active than miltefosine but more active and selective than pentamidine. Nevertheless, hit-molecule 17 did not appear as selective as the parent compound. PMID:25846065

  15. 1H NMR spectra of humic and fulvic acids and their peracetic oxidation products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruggiero, P.; Interesse, F. S.; Cassidei, L.; Sciacovelli, O.

    1980-04-01

    1H NMR spectra of humic (HA) and fulvic (FA) acids and their oxidative degradation products are reported. The HA shows the presence of -( CH2) n - CH3 ( n > 6) chemical fragments belonging to n-alkanes and/or n-fatty acids physically adsorbed onto the macromolecule structure. These fragments are absent in the FA fraction. Both humic fractions reveal the presence of similar amounts of aromatic protons which partly undergo exchange phenomena. The importance of this experimental observation is discussed. Oxidative degradation seems to cause partial cleavage of aromatic rings, more pronounced in the FA than in the HA. The degraded FA shows a higher total acidity and a higher phenolic OH content than the degraded HA. Both degraded fractions display some sharp singlet signals at 1.9 and 3.9 ppm arising from protons belonging to repetitive chemical fragments probably formed during the oxidation reaction. Tentative assignments of these signals are given. A general analysis of the HA and FA degraded spectra seems to indicate that the chemical fragments which undergo peracetic oxidation are substantially similar. The extent of oxidation of the two humic fractions is different. The HA degradation products reveal the presence of oligomeric structures, whereas the degraded FA appears less resistant to the oxidizing agent.

  16. Results of IR working group

    SciTech Connect

    Ritson, D. |

    1992-03-01

    The IP luminosity at the Eloisatron will direct very large fluxes of hadronic debris into the IR quads. For instance at 1.10{sup 35} cm{sup 2}/sec the flux corresponds to 180 kilowatts. Already at the SSC fluxes in the neighborhood of 2 kilowatts are expected to require special handling. Scaling from SSC design experience we propose a configuration for the first IR quads at the Eloisatron capable of handling the heat load and radiation problems.

  17. Microwave assisted one-pot catalyst free green synthesis of new methyl-7-amino-4-oxo-5-phenyl-2-thioxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carboxylates as potent in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Ajmal R.; Shalla, Aabid H.; Dongre, Rajendra S.

    2014-01-01

    An efficiently simple protocol for the synthesis of methyl 7 amino-4-oxo-5-phenyl-2-thioxo-2, 3, 4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carboxylates via one-pot three component condensation pathway is established via microwave irradiation using varied benzaldehyde derivatives, methylcyanoacetate and thio-barbituric acid in water as a green solvent. A variety of functionalized substrates were found to react under this methodology due to its easy operability and offers several advantages like, high yields (78–94%), short reaction time (3–6 min), safety and environment friendly without used any catalyst. The synthesized compounds (4a–4k) showed comparatively good in vitro antimicrobial and antifungal activities against different strains. The Compounds 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d 4e and 4f showed maximum antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus (gram-positive bacteria), Escherichia coli, Klebshiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (gram-negative bacteria). The synthesized compound 4f showed maximum antifungal activity against Aspergillus Niger and Penicillium chrysogenum strains. Streptomycin is used as standard for bacterial studies and Mycostatin as standards for fungal studies. Structure of all newly synthesized products was characterized on the basis of IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectral analysis. PMID:26644932

  18. Microwave assisted one-pot catalyst free green synthesis of new methyl-7-amino-4-oxo-5-phenyl-2-thioxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carboxylates as potent in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity.

    PubMed

    Bhat, Ajmal R; Shalla, Aabid H; Dongre, Rajendra S

    2015-11-01

    An efficiently simple protocol for the synthesis of methyl 7 amino-4-oxo-5-phenyl-2-thioxo-2, 3, 4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carboxylates via one-pot three component condensation pathway is established via microwave irradiation using varied benzaldehyde derivatives, methylcyanoacetate and thio-barbituric acid in water as a green solvent. A variety of functionalized substrates were found to react under this methodology due to its easy operability and offers several advantages like, high yields (78-94%), short reaction time (3-6 min), safety and environment friendly without used any catalyst. The synthesized compounds (4a-4k) showed comparatively good in vitro antimicrobial and antifungal activities against different strains. The Compounds 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d 4e and 4f showed maximum antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus (gram-positive bacteria), Escherichia coli, Klebshiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (gram-negative bacteria). The synthesized compound 4f showed maximum antifungal activity against Aspergillus Niger and Penicillium chrysogenum strains. Streptomycin is used as standard for bacterial studies and Mycostatin as standards for fungal studies. Structure of all newly synthesized products was characterized on the basis of IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and mass spectral analysis. PMID:26644932

  19. Search for Compounds with Hypoglycemic Activity in the Series of 1-[2-(1H-Tetrazol-5-yl)-R1-phenyl]-3-R2-phenyl(ethyl)ureas and R1-Tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5(6H)-ones

    PubMed Central

    Antypenko, Oleksii M.; Kovalenko, Sergiy I.; Zhernova, Galina O.

    2016-01-01

    Methods of 1-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-R1-phenyl]-3-R2-phenyl(ethyl)ureas and R1-tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5(6H)-ones synthesis were designed. IR, LC-MS, 1H NMR, and elemental analysis data evaluated the structure and purity of the obtained compounds. Different products, depending on the reaction conditions, were distinguished and discussed. The preliminary hypoglycemic activity of 36 synthesized compounds was revealed. Docking studies to 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1, γ-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 were conducted. Eight of these substances were further tested on glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance models, namely glucose tolerance, oral rapid insulin, and adrenalin tests. One of the most active compounds turned out to be tetrazolo[1,5-c]quinazolin-5(6H)-one 3.1, exceeding the reference drugs Metformin (50 and 200 mg/kg) and Gliclazide (50 mg/kg). PMID:27222601

  20. 40 CFR 721.10587 - 1H-Pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 1H-Pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl-. 721.10587... Substances § 721.10587 1H-Pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as 1H-pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl- (PMN P-11-81; CAS No....

  1. 40 CFR 721.10587 - 1H-Pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 1H-Pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl-. 721.10587... Substances § 721.10587 1H-Pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as 1H-pyrazole, 3,4-dimethyl- (PMN P-11-81; CAS No....

  2. New potential of the classical Biginelli reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vdovina, S. V.; Mamedov, Vakhid A.

    2008-12-01

    The published data on the Biginelli reaction are generalised and systematised. The major attention is focused on the publications of the last seven years. Possible reaction mechanisms and its application for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one derivatives are considered. Examples of rare versions of this reaction are given.

  3. Modified triglyceride oil through reactions with phenyltriazolinedione

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The synthesis of a modified triglyceride oil was achieved through the reactions with 4-phenyl-1,2-4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD). 1H NMR was used for structure determination and to monitor the reactions. Several reaction products were produced, and their relative yields depended on the stoichiometry ...

  4. Structure and thermal behavior of a nickel complex based on a V-shaped bis(4-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)amine ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiao, Yan; Wang, Zhe; Qiu, Yu; He, Jing-Man; Chen, Min-dong

    2015-12-01

    A new coordination polymer {[Ni(BIPA)( bpdc)(H2O)2]} n has been prepared based on a new V-shaped bis(4-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)amine (BIPA) ligand. Complex was characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, X-ray powder diffraction, thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray analysis. Complex exhibits a 1D → 3D structure. Hydrogen bonds play an important role in the formation of supramolecular network structure. Thermal analysis indicates that complex exhibits a high thermal stability.

  5. CBL-2201. Report on a new designer drug: Napht-1-yl 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate.

    PubMed

    Kondrasenko, A A; Goncharov, E V; Dugaev, K P; Rubaylo, A I

    2015-12-01

    The (1)H, (13)C and (15)N nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) identification of a synthetic cannabinoid compound has been conducted. It was shown that this compound cannot be reliably distinguished from the closely related quinolin-8-yl indole-3-carboxylic acid derivative by an automatic search in MS library. Structural difference of the studied compound and known illicit compounds has been determined using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. Analytical data for the identification of this compound were provided. PMID:26386336

  6. Structure and thermal behavior of a nickel complex based on a V-shaped bis(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)amine ligand

    SciTech Connect

    Jiao, Yan Wang, Zhe; Qiu, Yu; He, Jing-Man; Chen, Min-dong

    2015-12-15

    A new coordination polymer ([Ni(BIPA)(bpdc)(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]){sub n} has been prepared based on a new V-shaped bis(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)amine (BIPA) ligand. Complex was characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, X-ray powder diffraction, thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray analysis. Complex exhibits a 1D → 3D structure. Hydrogen bonds play an important role in the formation of supramolecular network structure. Thermal analysis indicates that complex exhibits a high thermal stability.

  7. The nature of hydroxyl groups in aluminosilicate glasses: Quantifying Si-OH and Al-OH abundances along the SiO 2-NaAlSiO 4 join by 1H, 27Al- 1H and 29Si- 1H NMR spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malfait, Wim J.; Xue, Xianyu

    2010-01-01

    The combined results of 27Al- 1H and 1H- 29Si- 1H cross polarization NMR experiments for hydrous glasses (containing 0.5-2 wt% water) along the SiO 2-NaAlSiO 4 join confirm that the dissolution mechanism of water in aluminosilicate glasses is fundamentally the same as for Al-free systems, i.e. the dissolved water ruptures oxygen bridges and creates Si-OH and Al-OH groups, in addition to forming molecular water (H 2O mol). The fraction of Al-OH increases non-linearly as the Al content increases with up to half of the OH groups as Al-OH for compositions close to NaAlSiO 4. The relative abundances of the different species are controlled by the degree of Al-avoidance and the relative tendency of hydrolysis of the different types of oxygen bridges, Si-O-Si, Si-O-Al and Al-O-Al. A set of homogeneous reactions is derived to model the measured Al-OH/Si-OH speciation, and the obtained equilibrium constants are in agreement with literature data on the degree of Al-avoidance. With these equilibrium constants, the abundance of the different oxygen species, i.e. Si-O-Si, Si-O-Al, Al-O-Al, Si-OH, Al-OH and H 2O mol, can be predicted for the entire range of water and Al contents.

  8. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity of 2-[2-(2,6-dichloro phenyl)amino]benzyl-3-(5-substituted phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-3-yl-amino)-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H)ones.

    PubMed

    Patel, Nb; Patel, Jc; Barat, Gg

    2010-04-01

    A series of 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzyl-3-(5-substituted phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-3-yl-amino)-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H) ones 6a-m have been synthesized by the reaction of 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzyl-3-substituted phenylacrylamido-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H) ones 5a-m with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of glacial acetic acid. The chalcones 5a-m were prepared by the condensation of 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzyl-3-acetamido-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H)one 4 with different substituted aromatic aldehyde. The benzoxazinone 2 was synthesized from 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]phenyl acetyl chloride 1 on treatment with 3,5-dibromoanthranilic acid in pyridine, which on reaction with hydrazine hydrate and then on acetylation reaction yielded 4. The structures of these compounds have been elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, and NMR spectral data. The title compounds pyrazolyl-quinazolin-4(3H)ones 6a-m were evaluated for their antibacterial and antifungal activities in vitro. PMID:21264122

  9. Soybean biodiesel methyl esters, free glycerin and acid number quantification by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Coral, Natasha; Rodrigues, Elizabeth; Rumjanek, Victor; Zamian, José Roberto; da Rocha Filho, Geraldo Narciso; da Costa, Carlos Emmerson Ferreira

    2013-02-01

    Production of alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, from transesterification of vegetable oil driven by heterogeneous catalysts is a promising alternative to fossil diesel. However, achieving a successful substitution for a new renewable fuel depends on several quality parameters. (1)H NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the amount of methyl esters, free glycerin and acid number in the transesterification of soybean oil with methanol in the presence of hydrotalcite-type catalyst to produce biodiesel. Reaction parameters, such as temperature and time, were used to evaluate soybean oil methyl esters rate conversion. Temperatures of 100 to 180 °C and times of 20 to 240 min were tested on a 1 : 12 molar ratio soybean oil/methanol reaction. At 180 °C/240 min conditions, a rate of 94.5 wt% of methyl esters was obtained, where free glycerin and free fatty acids were not detected. PMID:23225640

  10. Novel alkynyl substituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one derivatives as potential inhibitors of chorismate mutase.

    PubMed

    Mallikarjuna Rao, V; Mahesh Kumar, P; Rambabu, D; Kapavarapu, Ravikumar; Shobha Rani, S; Misra, Parimal; Pal, Manojit

    2013-12-01

    A series of novel alkynyl substituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one (DHPM) derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated in vitro as potential inhibitors of chorismate mutase (CM). All these compounds were prepared via a multi-component reaction (MCR) involving sequential I2-mediated Biginelli reaction followed by Cu-free Sonogashira coupling. Some of them showed promising inhibitory activities when tested at 30μM. One compound showed dose dependent inhibition of CM with IC50 value of 14.76±0.54μM indicating o-alkynylphenyl substituted DHPM as a new scaffold for the discovery of promising inhibitors of CM. PMID:24012092

  11. 1H-NMR, dielectric and calorimetric studies of molecular motions in m-nitroaniline crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szostak, M. Magdalena; Wójcik, Grażyna; Gallier, Jean; Bertault, Marcel; Freundlich, Piotr; Kołodziej, Hubert A.

    1998-04-01

    Spin-lattice relaxation time, T1, spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating frame, T1 ρ, and the second moment of the resonance line measurements at 80 MHz and over the 190-380 K temperature range are reported for protons in the optically nonlinear material m-nitroaniline ( m-NA). T1 has also been measured for samples irradiated by low energy and low intensity radiation. The real and imaginary parts of electric permittivity as well as tan  δ have been recorded in the 80-380 K temperature range at frequencies ranging from 100 Hz to 1.0 MHz. DSC measurements have been performed in the 110-387 K temperature range. Two phase transitions have been found: A glassy to rotative transition at 160 K and a plastic to plastic transformation at 365 K. The main feature of the m-NA crystal is that its plasticity continues to grow as the temperature increases. The reorientations of phenyl rings, the -NH 2 group proton 180° jumps, the lattice distortions caused by anisotropic thermal expansion and the cooperative reorientations of big molecular aggregates are thought to be the reasons for phase transitions and for the subsequent intermolecular charge transfer. The results are discussed with respect to optical second harmonic generation and near-IR photochemical reaction found in the m-NA crystal.

  12. Unusual behavior in the reactivity of 5-substituted-1H-tetrazoles in a resistively heated microreactor

    PubMed Central

    Gutmann, Bernhard; Glasnov, Toma N; Razzaq, Tahseen; Goessler, Walter; Roberge, Dominique M

    2011-01-01

    Summary The decomposition of 5-benzhydryl-1H-tetrazole in an N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone/acetic acid/water mixture was investigated under a variety of high-temperature reaction conditions. Employing a sealed Pyrex glass vial and batch microwave conditions at 240 °C, the tetrazole is comparatively stable and complete decomposition to diphenylmethane requires more than 8 h. Similar kinetic data were obtained in conductively heated flow devices with either stainless steel or Hastelloy coils in the same temperature region. In contrast, in a flow instrument that utilizes direct electric resistance heating of the reactor coil, tetrazole decomposition was dramatically accelerated with rate constants increased by two orders of magnitude. When 5-benzhydryl-1H-tetrazole was exposed to 220 °C in this type of flow reactor, decomposition to diphenylmethane was complete within 10 min. The mechanism and kinetic parameters of tetrazole decomposition under a variety of reaction conditions were investigated. A number of possible explanations for these highly unusual rate accelerations are presented. In addition, general aspects of reactor degradation, corrosion and contamination effects of importance to continuous flow chemistry are discussed. PMID:21647324

  13. A failure effects simulation of a low authority flight control augmentation system on a UH-1H helicopter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Corliss, L. D.; Talbot, P. D.

    1977-01-01

    A two-pilot moving base simulator experiment was conducted to assess the effects of servo failures of a flight control system on the transient dynamics of a Bell UH-1H helicopter. The flight control hardware considered was part of the V/STOLAND system built with control authorities of from 20-40%. Servo hardover and oscillatory failures were simulated in each control axis. Measurements were made to determine the adequacy of the failure monitoring system time delay and the servo center and lock time constant, the pilot reaction times, and the altitude and attitude excursions of the helicopter at hover and 60 knots. Safe recoveries were made from all failures under VFR conditions. Pilot reaction times were from 0.5 to 0.75 sec. Reduction of monitor delay times below these values resulted in significantly reduced excursion envelopes. A subsequent flight test was conducted on a UH-1H helicopter with the V/STOLAND system installed. Series servo hardovers were introduced in hover and at 60 knots straight and level. Data from these tests are included for comparison.

  14. 4(1H)-Pyridone and 4(1H)-Quinolone Derivatives as Antimalarials with Erythrocytic, Exoerythrocytic, and Transmission Blocking Activities

    PubMed Central

    Monastyrskyi, Andrii; Kyle, Dennis E.; Manetsch, Roman

    2015-01-01

    Infectious diseases are the second leading cause of deaths in the world with malaria being responsible for approximately the same amount of deaths as cancer in 2012. Despite the success in malaria prevention and control measures decreasing the disease mortality rate by 45% since 2000, the development of single-dose therapeutics with radical cure potential is required to completely eradicate this deadly condition. Targeting multiple stages of the malaria parasite is becoming a primary requirement for new candidates in antimalarial drug discovery and development. Recently, 4(1H)-pyridone, 4(1H)-quinolone, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridone, and phenoxyethoxy-4(1H)-quinolone chemotypes have been shown to be antimalarials with blood stage activity, liver stage activity, and transmission blocking activity. Advancements in structure-activity relationship and structure-property relationship studies, biological evaluation in vitro and in vivo, as well as pharmacokinetics of the 4(1H)-pyridone and 4(1H)-quinolone chemotypes will be discussed. PMID:25116582

  15. Automated structure verification based on a combination of 1D (1)H NMR and 2D (1)H - (13)C HSQC spectra.

    PubMed

    Golotvin, Sergey S; Vodopianov, Eugene; Pol, Rostislav; Lefebvre, Brent A; Williams, Antony J; Rutkowske, Randy D; Spitzer, Timothy D

    2007-10-01

    A method for structure validation based on the simultaneous analysis of a 1D (1)H NMR and 2D (1)H - (13)C single-bond correlation spectrum such as HSQC or HMQC is presented here. When compared with the validation of a structure by a 1D (1)H NMR spectrum alone, the advantage of including a 2D HSQC spectrum in structure validation is that it adds not only the information of (13)C shifts, but also which proton shifts they are directly coupled to, and an indication of which methylene protons are diastereotopic. The lack of corresponding peaks in the 2D spectrum that appear in the 1D (1)H spectrum, also gives a clear picture of which protons are attached to heteroatoms. For all these benefits, combined NMR verification was expected and found by all metrics to be superior to validation by 1D (1)H NMR alone. Using multiple real-life data sets of chemical structures and the corresponding 1D and 2D data, it was possible to unambiguously identify at least 90% of the correct structures. As part of this test, challenging incorrect structures, mostly regioisomers, were also matched with each spectrum set. For these incorrect structures, the false positive rate was observed as low as 6%. PMID:17694570

  16. Possible assignment of chiral twin bands in {sup 188}Ir

    SciTech Connect

    Balabanski, D.L.; Danchev, M.; Hartley, D.J.; Zeidan, O.; Zhang Jingye; Riedinger, L.L.; Barton, C.J.; Beausang, C.W.; Caprio, M.A.; Casten, R.F.; Cooper, J.R.; Hecht, A.A.; Kruecken, R.; Novak, J.R.; Zyromski, K.E.; Zamfir, N.V.

    2004-10-01

    High-spin states in the doubly-odd Z=77 nucleus {sup 188}Ir were populated in the {sup 186}W({sup 7}Li,5n) reaction at 52 MeV. Two nearly degenerate {delta}I=1 sequences with the same parity were established. Both bands have been assigned the {pi}h{sub 9/2}x{nu}i{sub 13/2} configuration, based on the systematic behavior of these excitations in the Ir nuclei and on the measured values for the B(M1)/B(E2) ratios, and they are suggested as candidates for a chiral doublet.

  17. Levels of two-particle and gamma bands in 192Ir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balodis, M.; Krasta, T.

    2015-01-01

    Level scheme of the transitional doubly odd nucleus 192Ir is analysed in detail up to about 530 keV energy using earlier published experimental data of neutron capture and particle transfer reactions. A number of new levels are proposed. Obtained 192Ir level scheme is interpreted in terms of particle-plus-rotor coupling model. It is shown that the long-lived 241 year isomer of 192Ir has spin-parity 11-, just like the analogous states in neighbouring 190,194Ir.

  18. Synthesis and Antioxidant Activity of 7-Thio Derivatives of 6,7-Dihydro-1H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Kononevich, Yuriy M.; Bobkova, Ludmila S.; Smolski, Alexander S.; Demchenko, Anatoly M.

    2015-01-01

    New 7-thio derivatives of 6,7-dihydro-1H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione have been synthesized by the reaction of 3-cyclohexyl-7-thio-6,7-dihydro-1H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione with alkylhalogenides. The synthesized compounds were tested for antioxidant activity on the model of Fe2+-dependent oxidation of adrenaline in vitro. It was found that the antiradical activity of 7-thio derivatives of 6,7-dihydro-1H-cyclopenta[d]pyrimidine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione significantly depends on the structure of the substituent which is part of the thioether fragment of the base molecule. PMID:26839800

  19. Vicinal 1H-1H NMR coupling constants from density functional theory as reliable tools for stereochemical analysis of highly flexible multichiral center molecules.

    PubMed

    López-Vallejo, Fabian; Fragoso-Serrano, Mabel; Suárez-Ortiz, Gloria Alejandra; Hernández-Rojas, Adriana C; Cerda-García-Rojas, Carlos M; Pereda-Miranda, Rogelio

    2011-08-01

    A protocol for stereochemical analysis, based on the systematic comparison between theoretical and experimental vicinal (1)H-(1)H NMR coupling constants, was developed and applied to a series of flexible compounds (1-8) derived from the 6-heptenyl-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-one framework. The method included a broad conformational search, followed by geometry optimization at the DFT B3LYP/DGDZVP level, calculation of the vibrational frequencies, thermochemical parameters, magnetic shielding tensors, and the total NMR spin-spin coupling constants. Three scaling factors, depending on the carbon atom hybridizations, were found for the (1)H-C-C-(1)H vicinal coupling constants: f((sp3)-(sp3)) = 0.910, f((sp3)-(sp2)) = 0.929, and f((sp2)-(sp2))= 0.977. A remarkable correlation between the theoretical (J(pre)) and experimental (1)H-(1)H NMR (J(exp)) coupling constants for spicigerolide (1), a cytotoxic natural product, and some of its synthetic stereoisomers (2-4) demonstrated the predictive value of this approach for the stereochemical assignment of highly flexible compounds containing multiple chiral centers. The stereochemistry of two natural 6-heptenyl-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-ones (14 and 15) containing diverse functional groups in the heptenyl side chain was also analyzed by application of this combined theoretical and experimental approach, confirming its reliability. Additionally, a geometrical analysis for the conformations of 1-8 revealed that weak hydrogen bonds substantially guide the conformational behavior of the tetraacyloxy-6-heptenyl-2H-pyran-2-ones. PMID:21692472

  20. Stereospecificity of (1) H, (13) C and (15) N shielding constants in the isomers of methylglyoxal bisdimethylhydrazone: problem with configurational assignment based on (1) H chemical shifts.

    PubMed

    Afonin, Andrei V; Pavlov, Dmitry V; Ushakov, Igor A; Keiko, Natalia A

    2012-07-01

    In the (13) C NMR spectra of methylglyoxal bisdimethylhydrazone, the (13) C-5 signal is shifted to higher frequencies, while the (13) C-6 signal is shifted to lower frequencies on going from the EE to ZE isomer following the trend found previously. Surprisingly, the (1) H-6 chemical shift and (1) J(C-6,H-6) coupling constant are noticeably larger in the ZE isomer than in the EE isomer, although the configuration around the -CH═N- bond does not change. This paradox can be rationalized by the C-H⋯N intramolecular hydrogen bond in the ZE isomer, which is found from the quantum-chemical calculations including Bader's quantum theory of atoms in molecules analysis. This hydrogen bond results in the increase of δ((1) H-6) and (1) J(C-6,H-6) parameters. The effect of the C-H⋯N hydrogen bond on the (1) H shielding and one-bond (13) C-(1) H coupling complicates the configurational assignment of the considered compound because of these spectral parameters. The (1) H, (13) C and (15) N chemical shifts of the 2- and 8-(CH(3) )(2) N groups attached to the -C(CH(3) )═N- and -CH═N- moieties, respectively, reveal pronounced difference. The ab initio calculations show that the 8-(CH(3) )(2) N group conjugate effectively with the π-framework, and the 2-(CH(3) )(2) N group twisted out from the plane of the backbone and loses conjugation. As a result, the degree of charge transfer from the N-2- and N-8- nitrogen lone pairs to the π-framework varies, which affects the (1) H, (13) C and (15) N shieldings. PMID:22615146

  1. The complete genome sequence of the Arcobacter butzleri cattle isolate 7h1h

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Arcobacter butzleri strain 7h1h was isolated in the UK from a clinically healthy dairy cow. The genome of this isolate was sequenced to completion. Here we present the annotation and analysis of the completed 7h1h genome, as well as comparison of this genome to the existing A. butzleri RM4018 and ED...

  2. Molecular structure studies of (1S,2S)-2-benzyl-2,3-dihydro-2-(1H-inden-2-yl)-1H-inden-1-ol

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Tao; Paluch, Krzysztof; Scalabrino, Gaia; Frankish, Neil; Healy, Anne-Marie; Sheridan, Helen

    2015-01-01

    The single enantiomer (1S,2S)-2-benzyl-2,3-dihydro-2-(1H-inden-2-yl)-1H-inden-1-ol (2), has recently been synthesized and isolated from its corresponding diastereoisomer (1). The molecular and crystal structures of this novel compound have been fully analyzed. The relative and absolute configurations have been determined by using a combination of analytical tools including X-ray crystallography, X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD) analysis and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. PMID:25750458

  3. Spectroscopic and structural study of some 2,5-hexanedione bis(salicyloylhydrazone) complexes: Crystal structures of its Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and N-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-2-hydroxy-benzamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeragh, Bakir; El-Asmy, Ahmed A.

    2014-08-01

    The reaction between 2,5-hexanedione and salicylic acid hydrazide produced two compounds: 2,5-hexanedione bis(salicyloylhydrazone) [HDSH] (ethanol insoluble) and N-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-2-hydroxybenzamide [DPH] (ethanol soluble). HDSH formed complexes with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pd(II) which are characterized by elemental analyses, spectra (IR, 1H NMR, ESR and MS), thermal and magnetic measurements. The crystals of [Ni(HDSH-2H)(EtOH)(H2O)] and [Cu(HDSH-2H)] were solved having octahedral and square-planar geometries, respectively. The other complexes have the formulae [Co(HDSH-2H)(H2O)2], [Cu(HDSH-H)2], [Zn(HDSH-2H)(H2O)2], [Cd2(HDSH-4H)(H2O)4], [Cd2(HDSH-2H)(H2O)4Cl2]; [Hg(HDSH-2H)] and [Pd2(HDSH-4H)(H2O)4]. The obtained complexes are stable in air and non-hygroscopic. The magnetic moments and electronic spectra of the complexes provide different geometries. The ESR spectra support the mononuclear geometry for [Cu(HDSH-2H)] and [Cu(HDSH-H)2]. The thermal decomposition of the complexes revealed the coordinated waters as well as the end product which is in most cases the metal oxide. The crystal structure of N-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-1-yl)-2-hydroxybenzamide is solved by X-ray technique.

  4. Tying the IRS to IRAC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kraemer, Kathleen; Sloan, Greg

    2015-10-01

    To enhance the utility of the Spitzer data archive and enable better support of JWST, we propose to observe with IRAC a set of the stars that were used to calibrate the IRS. The IRS calibration was tied to MIPS, but the consistency with IRAC has yet to be examined. That is, the short wavelength ends of the IRS spectra are not independently pinned down to measured photometry. Also, an issue with flux lost from the finite-sized slits, particularly at the short-wavelength end, was never fully resolved. We will address these issues with IRAC observations at 3.6 and 4.5 micron. Most of these sources saturated WISE and are too faint for SOFIA, so IRAC is the only instrument capable of observing them at these bands. We request 4.5 hours to complete this project.

  5. New IR detectors pig-tailed with IR fibers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Artiouchenko, Viatcheslav G.; Chekanova, Galina V.; Lartsev, Ivan Y.; Lobachev, Vladimir A.; Nikitine, Mikhail S.

    2003-09-01

    New generation of Mercury-Cadmium-Telluride (MCT) high performance infrared radiation (IR) detectors with IR-fiber input has been developed and fabricated. This new product is originated from 25 years experience in MCT detectors and IR fiber optics technologies. Range of products includes single- and multi-element detectors designed for registration of optical signals in spectral range from 2 to 18 μm. Detectors design is integrated or modular and includes package, sensitive element, cooling system, operating temperature sensor, optical components such as narrow band-pass filter and/or lens and/or different kind of optical window, optical connection unit and fiber pig-tail or fiber cable. Cooling system options include thermoelectric cooler, long-holding time dewar filled with liquid nitrogen, Joule-Thomson micro-liquidizer and Stirling-cycle cooler. Registered infrared radiation is delivered to sensitive area of detector through either Polycrystalline InfraRed (PIR-) Fiber (4 - 18 μm) or Chalcogenide IR-glass (CIR-) Fiber (2 - 6 μm). Unique feature intrinsic to Hg1-xCdxTe (MCT) alloys to form continuous series of alloy compositions "x" with proportionally changed energy gap Eg(x,T) allows to tune spectral responsivity of detector sensitive element with ordered spectral range and hence to use every time the highest sensitive detector.

  6. FTIR and 1H MAS NMR investigations on the correlation between the frequency of stretching vibration and the chemical shift of surface OH groups of solids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brunner, Eike; Karge, H. G.; Pfeifer, H.

    1992-03-01

    The study of surface hydroxyl groups of solids, especially of zeolites, belongs to the 'classical' topics of IR spectroscopy since physico-chemical information may be derived from the wavenumber (nu) OH of the stretching vibration of the different hydroxyls. On the other hand, the last decade has seen the development of high resolution solid-state NMR spectroscopy and through the use of the so-called magic-angle-spinning technique (MAS) the signals of different hydroxyl species can be resolved in the 1H NMR spectra of solids. The chemical shift (delta) H describing the position of these lines may be used as well as (nu) OH to characterize quantitatively the strength of acidity of surface OH groups of solids. In a first comparison of (nu) OH with (delta) H for several types of surface OH groups, a linear correlation between them could be found. The aim of this paper was to prove the validity of this correlation for a wide variety of hydroxyls. The IR measurements were carried out on a Perkin-Elmer FTIR spectrometer 1800 at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Berlin, and the 1H MAS NMR spectra were recorded on a Bruker MSL- 300 at the University of Leipzig.

  7. Vibrational and structural observations upon 3-((1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol from spectral and DFT computing approaches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jone Pradeepa, S.; Tamilvendan, D.; Susai Boobalan, Maria; Sundaraganesan, N.

    2016-05-01

    An aggregate of experimental and computational study on synthesis, molecular structure, vibrational, electronic, nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, electronic structure, NLO activity and thermochemical characterization has been investigated for 3-((1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)methyl) naphthalen-2-ol (BDMN). The perspective on structural analysis includes the examination of equilibrium geometry, Natural Bond Orbital analysis (NBO), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) analysis and frontier molecular orbital calculation. Similarly the following spectral analysis such as vibrational (FT-IR and FT-Raman), electronic (UV-Vis) and NMR (1H and 13C) has been interpreted. The FT-IR, FT-Raman spectrum were recorded in the frequency range of 4000-400 cm-1 and 4000-50 cm-1 respectively. A complete potential energy distribution (PED) was achieved to interpret the normal modes by comparing the experimental and theoretical spectral data. The simulation of NMR spectrum was performed using GIAO strategy. The NLO activity of BDMN has been calibrated using hyperpolarizability. In addition, various thermodynamic entities were predicted against different temperatures. The entire computation was executed using appropriate model chemistries such as B3LYP/Sadlej pVTZ, B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) and PBEPBE (TDDFT)/6-311G(d,p) for the respective properties. The overall hand-in-hand analysis by using both theoretical and experimental calculation on BDMN provides interesting observations and inferences.

  8. Towards hydrogen evolution initiated by LED light: 2-(1H-1,2,3-Triazol-4-yl)pyridine-containing polymers as photocatalyst.

    PubMed

    Happ, Bobby; Kübel, Joachim; Pfeffer, Michael G; Winter, Andreas; Hager, Martin D; Dietzek, Benjamin; Rau, Sven; Schubert, Ulrich S

    2015-04-01

    Two- and three-component polymethacrylates, featuring a 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine-based metal complex as photosensitizer, a viologen-type electron mediator, and a triethylene glycol methyl ether as solubilizing part are synthesized by statistical reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) radical polymerization allowing the construction of well-defined copolymers. Thereby, heteroleptic ruthenium(II) and iridium(III) complexes serve as charged photosensitizers. In hydrogen evolution experiments, as proof-of-concept, triethylamine is utilized as a sacrificial donor and colloidal platinum as hydrogen evolving catalyst. The macromolecules bearing heteroleptic iridium(III) complexes of the general formula [Ir(ppy)2 (trzpy)]PF6 (ppy: 2-phenylpyridine; trzpy: 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine) and [Ir(btac)2 (trzpy)]PF6 (btac: 3-(2-benzothiazolyl)-7-(diethylamino)coumarin) are photocatalytically active producing molecular hydrogen in water upon illumination at 470 nm. By changing the cyclometalating ligand from ppy to btac, the photocatalytic performance of the copolymer as reflected in the turnover number increases by two orders of magnitude. PMID:25656046

  9. Synthesis, crystal structure investigation, DFT studies and DPPH radical scavenging activity of 1-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rajaraman, D.; Sundararajan, G.; Rajkumar, R.; Bharanidharan, S.; Krishnasamy, K.

    2016-03-01

    A new series of 1-(furan-2ylmethyl)-2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole derivatives are conveniently synthesized and characterized by IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral techniques. The compound 5a also characterized by HSQC correlation spectra. All the newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antioxidant activities with DPPH radical scavenging activity. The structure of 5e was also confirmed by single crystal XRD analysis and optimized bond parameters are calculated by density functional theory (DFT) method at B3LYP/6-31G (d, p) level of theory. The optimized geometrical parameters obtained by DFT calculation are in good agreement with single crystal XRD data. The experimentally observed FT-IR and FT-Raman bands were assigned to different normal modes of the molecule. The stability and charge delocalization of the molecule were also studied by natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. The HOMO-LUMO energies describe the charge transfer takes place within the molecule. Molecular electrostatic potential has been analyzed. The reported 5e molecule used as a potential NLO material since it has high μβ0 value.

  10. Application of Natural Isotopic Abundance (1)H-(13)C- and (1)H-(15)N-Correlated Two-Dimensional NMR for Evaluation of the Structure of Protein Therapeutics.

    PubMed

    Arbogast, Luke W; Brinson, Robert G; Marino, John P

    2016-01-01

    Methods for characterizing the higher-order structure of protein therapeutics are in great demand for establishing consistency in drug manufacturing, for detecting drug product variations resulting from modifications in the manufacturing process, and for comparing a biosimilar to an innovator reference product. In principle, solution NMR can provide a robust approach for characterization of the conformation(s) of protein therapeutics in formulation at atomic resolution. However, molecular weight limitations and the perceived need for stable isotope labeling have to date limited its practical applications in the biopharmaceutical industry. Advances in NMR magnet and console technologies, cryogenically cooled probes, and new rapid acquisition methodologies, particularly selective optimized flip-angle short transient pulse schemes and nonuniform sampling, have greatly ameliorated these limitations. Here, we describe experimental methods for the collection and analysis of 2D (1)H(N)-(15)N-amide- and (1)H-(13)C-methyl-correlated spectra applied to protein drug products at natural isotopic abundance, including representatives from the rapidly growing class of monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics. Practical aspects of experimental setup and data acquisition for both standard and rapid acquisition NMR techniques are described. Furthermore, strategies for the statistical comparison of 2D (1)H(N)-(15)N-amide- and (1)H-(13)C-methyl-correlated spectra are detailed. PMID:26791974

  11. Combined 1H-NMR and 1H-13C HSQC-NMR to improve urinary screening in autism spectrum disorders.

    PubMed

    Nadal-Desbarats, Lydie; Aïdoud, Nacima; Emond, Patrick; Blasco, Hélène; Filipiak, Isabelle; Sarda, Pierre; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique; Mavel, Sylvie; Andres, Christian R

    2014-07-01

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental diseases with complex genetic and environmental etiological factors. Although genetic causes play a significant part in the etiology of ASD, metabolic disturbances may also play a causal role or modulate the clinical features of ASD. The number of ASD studies involving metabolomics is increasing, and sometime with conflicting findings. We assessed the metabolomics profiling of urine samples to determine a comprehensive biochemical signature of ASD. Furthermore, to date no study has combined metabolic profiles obtained from different analytical techniques to distinguish patient with ASD from healthy individuals. We obtained (1)H-NMR spectra and 2D (1)H-(13)C HSQC NMR spectra from urine samples of patients with ASD or healthy controls. We analyzed these spectra by multivariate statistical data analysis. The OPLS-DA model obtained from (1)H NMR spectra showed a good discrimination between ASD samples and non-ASD samples (R(2)Y(cum) = 0.70 and Q(2) = 0.51). Combining the (1)H NMR spectra and the 2D (1)H-(13)C HSQC NMR spectra increased the overall quality and predictive value of the OPLS-DA model (R(2)Y(cum) = 0.84 and Q(2) = 0.71), leading to a better sensitivity and specificity. Urinary excretion of succinate, glutamate and 3-methyl-histidine differed significantly between ASD and non-ASD samples. Urinary screening of children with neurodevelopmental disorders by combining NMR spectroscopies (1D and 2D) in multivariate analysis is a better sensitive and a straightforward method that could help the diagnosis ASD. PMID:24841505

  12. Metathesis Reactions of the super-Prussian Blue Systems [(Me 3Sn) 3M(CN) 6] ( M=Co, Ir) with, inter alia, Tetrapropylammonium (and -phosphonium) Ions: Crystal Structures of [( nPr 4P)(Me 3Sn) 2Co(CN) 6·2H 2O] and [( nPr 4N)(Me 3Sn) 2Ir(CN) 6·2H 2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poll, Eyck-Michael; Olbrich, Falk; Samba, Sabine; Dieter Fischer, R.; Avalle, Paolo; Apperley, David C.; Harris, Robin K.

    2001-03-01

    Tetrapropylammonium and -phosphonium ions, nPr4E+, react readily with the polymeric super-Prussian blue derivatives [(Me3Sn)3M(CN)6] (M=Co, Ir), which are built up of infinite [-M-CN-Sn-NC-] chains, affording the dimorphic supramolecular assembly [(nPr4E)(Me3Sn)2M(CN)6·2H2O]. All representatives of the latter type are devoid of any extended [-M-CN-Sn-NC-] backbones. The single-crystal X-ray structures of 1a-P (E=P; M=Co) and 3a (E=N; M=Ir) document new examples of either modification. While Me4N+ and Et4N+ ions do not form sufficiently insoluble, R4N+-containing assemblies, nBu4N+ and nPen4N+ give rise to similar (i.e., R4N:Me3Sn=1:2) products as nPr4N+. The slightly modified super-Prussian blue system [{Me2Sn(CH2)3SnMe2}1.5Co(CN)6], 4, reacts with nPr4NBr to yield the assembly [(nPr4N){Me2Sn(CH2)3SnMe2}Co(CN)6·2H2O], 4a, the powder XRD and solid-state NMR spectra of which strongly resemble those of 3a (with two cis-oriented CNSn(Me3)OH2 ligands). In the absence of suitable single crystals, in particular in the case M=Ir, powder XRD- and multinuclear solid-state NMR results have been carefully examined in view of specific similarities with already established structural patterns. The unexpected dimorphism of 1a, which has been described most recently for M=Co, could now also be confirmed for M=Ir. The experimental results of the present study in total indicate that the superiority of coordinative N→Sn bonds over O→Sn bonds, in combination with O-H···N≡C hydrogen bridges, decreases, in the presence of R4E+ ions, stepwise with the size of R (i.e., from methyl to n-propyl) and of M (i.e., Co vs Ir).

  13. Theoretical studies of Ir5Th and Ir5Ce nanoscale precipitates in Ir

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, James R; Averill, Frank; Cooper, Valentino R

    2014-01-01

    Experimentally, it is known that very small amounts of thorium and/or cerium added to iridium metal form a precipitate, Ir5Th / Ir5Ce, which improves the high temperature mechanical properties of the resulting alloys. We demonstrate that there are low-energy configurations for nano-scale precipitates of these phases in Ir, and that these coherent arrangements may assist in producing improved mechanical properties. One precipitate/matrix orientation gives a particularly low interfacial energy, and a low lattice misfit. Nanolayer precipitates with this orientation are found to be likely to form, with little driving force to coarsen. The predicted morphology of the precipitates and their orientation with the matrix phase provide a potential experiment that could be used to test these predictions.

  14. IR Variability of Eta Carinae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Nathan

    2007-02-01

    Every 5.5 years, η Carinae experiences a dramatic ``spectroscopic event'' when high-excitation lines in its UV, optical, and IR spectrum disappear, and its hard X-ray and radio continuum flux crash. This periodicity has been attributed to an eccentric binary system with a shell ejection occurring at periastron. In addition, η Car shows long term changes as it is still recovering from its giant 19th century outburst. Both types of variability are directly linked to the current mass-loss rate and dust formation in its wind. Mid-IR images and spectra with T-ReCS provide a direct measure of changes in the current bolometric luminosity and trace dust formation episodes. This will provide a direct measurement of the mass ejected. Near-IR emission lines trace related changes in the post-event wind and ionization changes in the circumstellar environment needed to test specific models for the cause of η Car's variability as it recovers from its recent ``event''. High resolution near-IR spectra with GNIRS will continue the important work of HST/STIS, investigating changes in the direct and reflected spectrum of the stellar wind, and ionization changes in the nebula.

  15. IR Variability of Eta Carinae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Nathan

    2008-02-01

    Every 5.5 years, η Carinae experiences a dramatic ``spectroscopic event'' when high-excitation lines in its UV, optical, and IR spectrum disappear, and its hard X-ray and radio continuum flux crash. This periodicity has been attributed to an eccentric binary system with a shell ejection occurring at periastron, and the next periastron event will occur at the very end of 2008. In addition, η Car shows long term changes as it is still recovering from its giant 19th century outburst. Both types of variability are directly linked to the current mass-loss rate and dust formation in its wind. Mid-IR images and spectra with T-ReCS provide a direct measure of changes in the current bolometric luminosity and a direct measure of the massw in dust formation episodes that may occur at periastron in the colliding wind shock. Near-IR emission lines trace related changes in the post-event wind and ionization changes in the circumstellar environment needed to test specific models for the cause of η Car's variability as it recovers from its recent ``event''. High resolution near-IR spectra with Phoenix will continue the important work of HST/STIS, investigating changes in the direct and reflected spectrum of the stellar wind, and ionization changes in the nebula.

  16. Fingerprinting zein by IR analysis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Zein, the dominant protein in corn, is a coproduct of the ethanol production industry. The protein content and purity of commercially available zein can vary widely depending on the source and production method. Infrared Spectroscopy Analysis (IR) was used to differentiate between zein samples of ...

  17. MARYLAND COASTAL BAYS IR 2002

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Maryland Coastal Bays Program Implementation Review (IR) summarizes the progress and challenges ahead for the Program through examination of its activities in relation to the CCMP. During the CCMP planning phase the stakeholders prioritized the actions and determined the impl...

  18. Concealing compensation from the IRS.

    PubMed

    Burda, D; Greene, J

    1991-01-28

    Tougher reporting requirements from the Internal Revenue Service are prompting some not-for-profit hospitals to seek ways to hide compensation arrangements from the public and the media. Critics believe those tactics could get hospitals in hot water with the law, especially now that the IRS has launched a new, aggressive auditing offensive. PMID:10108763

  19. Intermolecular Interactions between Eosin Y and Caffeine Using 1H-NMR Spectroscopy

    PubMed Central

    Okuom, Macduff O.; Wilson, Mark V.; Jackson, Abby; Holmes, Andrea E.

    2014-01-01

    DETECHIP has been used in testing analytes including caffeine, cocaine, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from marijuana, as well as date rape and club drugs such as flunitrazepam, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), and methamphetamine. This study investigates the intermolecular interaction between DETECHIP sensor eosin Y (DC1) and the analyte (caffeine) that is responsible for the fluorescence and color changes observed in the actual array. Using 1H-NMR, 1H-COSY, and 1H-DOSY NMR methods, a proton exchange from C-8 of caffeine to eosin Y is proposed. PMID:25018772

  20. Conformational evaluation and detailed 1H and 13C NMR assignments of eremophilanolides.

    PubMed

    Burgueño-Tapia, Eleuterio; Hernández, Luis R; Reséndiz-Villalobos, Adriana Y; Joseph-Nathan, Pedro

    2004-10-01

    Extensive application of 1D and 2D NMR methodology, combined with molecular modeling, allowed the complete 1H and 13C NMR assignments of eremophilanolides from Senecio toluccanus. Comparison of the experimental 1H, 1H coupling constant values with those generated employing a generalized Karplus-type relationship, using dihedral angles extracted from MMX and DFT calculations, revealed that the epoxidized eremophilanolides 1 and 2 show conformational rigidity at room temperature, whereas molecules 3-6, containing an isolated double bond, are conformationally mobile. PMID:15366063

  1. Synthesis, optimization and structural characterization of a chitosan-glucose derivative obtained by the Maillard reaction.

    PubMed

    Gullón, Beatriz; Montenegro, María I; Ruiz-Matute, Ana I; Cardelle-Cobas, Alejandra; Corzo, Nieves; Pintado, Manuela E

    2016-02-10

    Chitosan (Chit) was submitted to the Maillard reaction (MR) by co-heating a solution with glucose (Glc). Different reaction conditions as temperature (40, 60 and 80°C), Glc concentration (0.5%, 1%, and 2%, w/v), and reaction time (72, 52 and 24h) were evaluated. Assessment of the reaction extent was monitored by measuring changes in UV absorbance, browning and fluorescence. Under the best conditions, 2% (w/v) of Chit, 2% (w/v) of Glc at 60°C and 32h of reaction time, a chitosan-glucose (Chit-Glc) derivative was purified and submitted to structural characterization to confirm its formation. Analysis of its molecular weight (MW) and the degree of substitution (DS) was carried out by HPLC-Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) and a colloid titration method, respectively. FT-IR and (1)H NMR were also used to analyze the functional groups and evaluate the introduction of Glc into the Chit molecule. According to our objectives, the results obtained in this work allowed to better understand the key parameters influencing the MR with Chit as well as to confirm the successful introduction of Glc into the Chit molecule obtaining a Chit-Glc derivative with a DS of 64.76±4.40% and a MW of 210.37kDa. PMID:26686142

  2. Synthesis, characterization and computational study on ethyl 4-(3-Furan-2yl-acryloyl)-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, R. N.; Rawat, Poonam; Sahu, Sangeeta

    2014-11-01

    As part of study on pyrrole derivatives, we have synthesized a pyrrole chalcone derivative: ethyl 4-(3-Furan-2yl-acryloyl)-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate (EFADPC) by aldol condensation of ethyl 3, 5-dimethyl-4-actyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate with furan-2-carbaldehyde in the presence of strong hydroxyl base as catalyst. The product EFADPC has been confirmed by spectroscopic (FT-IR, 1H NMR, and UV-visible) analyses. Quantum chemical calculation also provides good correlation with experimental data. The molecular electrostatic potential surface (MEP), natural bond orbital interactions (NBO), electronic descriptors, quantum theory of atoms' in molecules (QTAIM) and experimental FT-IR spectrum have been used to predict the sites and nature of interactions which indicate that the dimer formation with multiple interactions through Nsbnd H···O and Csbnd H···O. The vibrational analysis shows red shifts in νNsbnd H and νCdbnd O as result of dimer formation. The binding energy of dimer is calculated as 13.82, 15.24 kcal/mol using DFT, QTAIM analysis, respectively. The result of ellipticity confirms the existence of resonance assisted hydrogen bonds (RAHB) in dimer. The MEP and local reactivity descriptors analyses have been performed and the results indicate that carbonyl carbon and β-carbon of chalcone frame have been prone to nucleophilic attack and lead to large number of heterocyclic compounds such as oxirane, oxazoles, pyrazoles, pyridines, pyrimidines, and pyran.

  3. Synthesis, conformational, spectroscopic and chemical reactivity analysis of 2-cyano-3-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)acrylohydrazide using experimental and quantum chemical approaches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rawat, Poonam; Singh, R. N.

    2015-02-01

    This paper describes the synthesis, spectroscopic (1H and 13C NMR, UV-Visible, FT-IR and ESI Mass), conformational analysis, chemical reactivity and non-linear optical (NLO) properties of newly synthesized pyrrole derivative 2-cyano-3-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)acrylohydrazide (2CPA) C8H8N4O using experimental and quantum chemical techniques. The presence of signal at δ 8.010 ppm due to vinyl proton as well as NH and NH2 protons signals at 11.054 and 2.499 ppm in experimental 1H NMR spectrum indicate that 2CPA contain sbnd CHdbnd CCNsbnd and sbnd NHsbnd NH2 frame. The combined experimental and theoretical symmetric (3194 cm-1) and asymmetric (3221 cm-1) stretching wavenumber analysis confirms free NH2 group in the solid phase FT-IR spectrum of the synthesized compound. The interaction energies of dimer formation using density functional theory (DFT) and Quantum theory of Atoms in Molecules (QTAIM) calculations are found to be 20.210, 19.683 kcal/mol, respectively. The maximum values of the electrophilic reactivity descriptors at C6 indicate that this site is more prone to nucleophilic attack and favoring the formation of heterocyclic derivatives. A natural bond orbital (NBOs) analysis has been carried out to investigate intramolecular charge transfer, conjugative and hyperconjugative interactions within molecule. The calculated first hyperpolarizability (β0) of 2CPA, indicates that investigated molecule will show non-linear optical response and might be used as non-linear optical (NLO) material.

  4. A one-pot three-component synthesis of 4,6-diarylpyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (DAPMs) using atomized sodium in THF under sonic condition.

    PubMed

    Pasha, Mohamed Afzal; Nagashree, Shrivatsa

    2014-07-01

    A simple and an efficient procedure for the synthesis of 4,6-diarylpyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using atomized sodium/THF via a one-pot three-component Biginelli-like cyclocondensation of an aldehyde, a methyl ketone and urea under ultrasonic condition is developed. The method is mild and inexpensive; yields are high and the reactions go to completion within 10-15 min. PMID:24447773

  5. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, X-ray structure and DFT studies on 2,6-bis(1-benzyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)pyridine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    İnkaya, Ersin; Günnaz, Salih; Özdemir, Namık; Dayan, Osman; Dinçer, Muharrem; Çetinkaya, Bekir

    2013-02-01

    The title molecule, 2,6-bis(1-benzyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)pyridine (C33H25N5), was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In addition, the molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies and gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift values of the title compound in the ground state have been calculated using the density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level, and compared with the experimental data. The complete assignments of all vibrational modes were performed by potential energy distributions using VEDA 4 program. The geometrical parameters of the optimized structure are in good agreement with the X-ray crystallographic data, and the theoretical vibrational frequencies and GIAO 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts show good agreement with experimental values. Besides, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) distribution, frontier molecular orbitals (FMO) and non-linear optical properties of the title compound were investigated by theoretical calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level. The linear polarizabilities and first hyper polarizabilities of the molecule indicate that the compound is a good candidate of nonlinear optical materials. The thermodynamic properties of the compound at different temperatures were calculated, revealing the correlations between standard heat capacity, standard entropy, standard enthalpy changes and temperatures.

  6. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, X-ray structure and DFT studies on 2,6-bis(1-benzyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)pyridine.

    PubMed

    ?nkaya, Ersin; Gnnaz, Salih; zdemir, Nam?k; Dayan, Osman; Diner, Muharrem; etinkaya, Bekir

    2013-02-15

    The title molecule, 2,6-bis(1-benzyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)pyridine (C(33)H(25)N(5)), was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In addition, the molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies and gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shift values of the title compound in the ground state have been calculated using the density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level, and compared with the experimental data. The complete assignments of all vibrational modes were performed by potential energy distributions using VEDA 4 program. The geometrical parameters of the optimized structure are in good agreement with the X-ray crystallographic data, and the theoretical vibrational frequencies and GIAO (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts show good agreement with experimental values. Besides, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) distribution, frontier molecular orbitals (FMO) and non-linear optical properties of the title compound were investigated by theoretical calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level. The linear polarizabilities and first hyper polarizabilities of the molecule indicate that the compound is a good candidate of nonlinear optical materials. The thermodynamic properties of the compound at different temperatures were calculated, revealing the correlations between standard heat capacity, standard entropy, standard enthalpy changes and temperatures. PMID:23261620

  7. Finite-pulse radio frequency driven recoupling with phase cycling for 2D 1H/1H correlation at ultrafast MAS frequencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishiyama, Yusuke; Zhang, Rongchun; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2014-06-01

    The first-order recoupling sequence radio frequency driven dipolar recoupling (RFDR) is commonly used in single-quantum/single-quantum homonuclear correlation 2D experiments under magic angle spinning (MAS) to determine homonuclear proximities. From previously reported analysis of the use of XY-based super-cycling schemes to enhance the efficiency of the finite-pulse-RFDR (fp-RFDR) pulse sequence, XY814 phase cycling was found to provide the optimum performance for 2D correlation experiments on low-γ nuclei. In this study, we analyze the efficiency of different phase cycling schemes for proton-based fp-RFDR experiments. We demonstrate the advantages of using a short phase cycle, XY4, and its super-cycle XY414 that only recouples the zero-quantum homonuclear dipolar coupling, for the fp-RFDR sequence in 2D 1H/1H correlation experiments at ultrafast MAS frequencies. The dipolar recoupling efficiencies of XY4, XY414 and XY814 phase cycling schemes are compared based on results obtained from 2D 1H/1H correlation experiments, utilizing the fp-RFDR pulse sequence, on powder samples of U-13C,15N-L-alanine, N-acetyl-15N-L-valyl-15N-L-leucine, and glycine. Experimental results and spin dynamics simulations show that XY414 performs the best when a high RF power is used for the 180° pulse, whereas XY4 renders the best performance when a low RF power is used. The effects of RF field inhomogeneity and chemical shift offsets are also examined. Overall, our results suggest that a combination of fp-RFDR-XY414 employed in the recycle delay with a large RF-field to decrease the recycle delay, and fp-RFDR-XY4 in the mixing period with a moderate RF-field, is a robust and efficient method for 2D single-quantum/single-quantum 1H/1H correlation experiments at ultrafast MAS frequencies.

  8. Finite-pulse radio frequency driven recoupling with phase cycling for 2D (1)H/(1)H correlation at ultrafast MAS frequencies.

    PubMed

    Nishiyama, Yusuke; Zhang, Rongchun; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2014-06-01

    The first-order recoupling sequence radio frequency driven dipolar recoupling (RFDR) is commonly used in single-quantum/single-quantum homonuclear correlation 2D experiments under magic angle spinning (MAS) to determine homonuclear proximities. From previously reported analysis of the use of XY-based super-cycling schemes to enhance the efficiency of the finite-pulse-RFDR (fp-RFDR) pulse sequence, XY8(1)4 phase cycling was found to provide the optimum performance for 2D correlation experiments on low-γ nuclei. In this study, we analyze the efficiency of different phase cycling schemes for proton-based fp-RFDR experiments. We demonstrate the advantages of using a short phase cycle, XY4, and its super-cycle XY4(1)4 that only recouples the zero-quantum homonuclear dipolar coupling, for the fp-RFDR sequence in 2D (1)H/(1)H correlation experiments at ultrafast MAS frequencies. The dipolar recoupling efficiencies of XY4, XY4(1)4 and XY8(1)4 phase cycling schemes are compared based on results obtained from 2D (1)H/(1)H correlation experiments, utilizing the fp-RFDR pulse sequence, on powder samples of U-(13)C,(15)N-l-alanine, N-acetyl-(15)N-l-valyl-(15)N-l-leucine, and glycine. Experimental results and spin dynamics simulations show that XY4(1)4 performs the best when a high RF power is used for the 180° pulse, whereas XY4 renders the best performance when a low RF power is used. The effects of RF field inhomogeneity and chemical shift offsets are also examined. Overall, our results suggest that a combination of fp-RFDR-XY4(1)4 employed in the recycle delay with a large RF-field to decrease the recycle delay, and fp-RFDR-XY4 in the mixing period with a moderate RF-field, is a robust and efficient method for 2D single-quantum/single-quantum (1)H/(1)H correlation experiments at ultrafast MAS frequencies. PMID:24713171

  9. Reversible brain dysfunction in MELAS: MEG, and 1H MRS analysis

    PubMed Central

    Kamada, K; Takeuchi, F; Houkin, K; Kitagawa, M; Kuriki, S; Ogata, A; Tashiro, K; Koyanagi, I; Mitsumori, K; Iwasaki, Y

    2001-01-01

    This case report describes a follow up investigation of a patient with impaired word discrimination due to mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like syndrome (MELAS) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) and auditory evoked magnetic fields (AEFs). The initial 1H MRS showed no N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and marked accumulation of lactate (Lac) in the stroke-like lesion of MELAS, which was silent in neural activity according to AEFs. The follow up investigations, however, demonstrated that NAA reappeared, that the formerly increased Lac signal was significantly reduced, and that the magnitude of AEFs of the lesion was markedly increased. Metabolic and functional changes in 1H MRS and AEFs reflected the neurological recovery very well. The stroke-like lesion was shown, using AEFs and 1H MRS, to be able to function properly, although brain tissue of the lesion initially had severe damage due to mitochondrial dysfunction.

 PMID:11309465

  10. Crystal structure of bis­(1-benzyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole) perchloric acid monosolvate

    PubMed Central

    Qin, Yong-Qi; Xue, Jin-hui; Qiao, Yuan-Biao; Zhang, Zi-Feng

    2014-01-01

    The title compound, 2C9H9N3·HClO4, was prepared by reaction of 1-benzyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole and HClO4 in ethanol at room temperature. The asymmetric unit consists of two mol­ecules of 1-benzyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole and one of HClO4 mol­ecule. The benzene and triazole rings make dihedral angles of 85.45 (8) and 84.76 (8)° in the two mol­ecules. The H-atom position of the perchloric acid mol­ecule is split over two O atoms (real peaks on difference map), with site-occupation factors of 0.5. These H atoms form two classical hydrogen bonds [2.546 (5) and 2.620 (4) Å] with the same N atoms in both mol­ecules. Five inter­molecular non-classical C—H⋯O inter­actions, with C⋯O distances in the range 3.147 (5)–3.483 (5) Å, are found in the crystal structure. PMID:25553052

  11. Vibrational and electronic absorption spectral studies of 5-amino-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3-phenyl-1-H-pyrazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prasad, M. V. S.; Chaitanya, Kadali; Udaya Sri, N.; Veeraiah, V.

    2012-12-01

    The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of 5-amino-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3-phenyl-1-H-pyrazole have been measured in the regions 4000-400 cm-1 and 3500-100 cm-1, respectively. The equilibrium geometry, bonding features and harmonic vibrational frequencies have been carried out with the help of DFT method. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the normal coordinate analysis (NCA) following the scaled quantum mechanical force field methodology (SQMFF). The first-order hyperpolarizability (?0) and related properties (?, ?0, and ??) of 5A4BP3PP are calculated by using HF/6-31G(d,p) method on the finite field approach. Stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugative interactions, charge delocalization have been analyzed using natural bonding orbital (NBO) analysis. The results show that electron density (ED) in the ?* and ?* antibonding orbitals and second order delocalization energies E(2) confirms the occurrence of the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) within the molecule. UV-vis spectrum of the compound was recorded and the electronic properties, such as HOMO and LUMO energies, were performed by TDDFT using 6-31G(d,p). The HOMO-LUMO calculations indicating the charge transfer takes place within the molecule.

  12. Syntheses of 3-[(Alkylamino)methylene]-6-methylpyridine-2,4(1H,3H)-diones, 3-Substituted 7-Methyl-2H-pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine-2,5(6H)-dione Fluorescence Probes, and Tetrahydro-1H,9H-2,10-dioxa-9-azaanthracen-1-ones

    PubMed Central

    Prior, Allan M.; Gunaratna, Medha J.; Kikuchi, Daisuke; Desper, John; Kim, Yunjeong; Chang, Kyeong-Ok; Maezawa, Izumi; Jin, Lee-Way; Hua, Duy H.

    2014-01-01

    Various condensation and ring-closing reactions were used for the syntheses of 3-[(alkylamino)methylene]-6-methylpyri-dine-2,4(1H,3H)-diones, bicyclic pyridinones, and tricyclic morpholinopyrones. For instance, 3-[(dialkylamino)methylene]-6-methylpyridine-2,4(1H,3H)-diones were synthesized from the condensation of dialkylamines and 3-formyl-4-hydroxy-6-methylpyridin-2(1H)-one. 3-Formyl-4-hydroxy-6-methylpyridin-2(1H)-one, derived from 3-formyl-4-hydroxy-6-methylpyridin-2(1H)-one, was used to construct a number of bicyclic pyridinones via a one-pot Knoevenagal and intramolecular lactonization reaction. Tricyclic morpholinopyrones were assembled from a dialkylation reaction involving a dinucleophile, 3-amino-4-hydroxy-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one, and a dielectrophile, trans-3,6-dibromocyclohexene. Depending on the reaction conditions, isomers of the tricyclic molecules can be selectively produced, and their chemical structures were unequivocally determined using single-crystal X-ray analyses and 2D COSY spectroscopy. The fluorescently active bicyclic pyridinone compounds show longer absorption (368–430 nm; maximum) and emission wavelengths (450–467 nm) than those of 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin (AMC; λabs,max = 350 nm; λem = 430 nm) suggesting these molecules, such as 3-(2-aminoacetyl)-7-methyl-2H-pyrano[3,2-c]pyridine-2,5(6H)-dione, can be employed as fluorescence activity based probes for tracing biological pathways. PMID:25177061

  13. Magnesium Silicate Dissolution Investigated by 29Si MAS, 1H-29Si CP MAS, 25Mg QCPMG, and 1H-25Mg CP QCPMG NMR

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, Michael C.; Brouwer, William J.; Wesolowski, David J.; Anovitz, Lawrence M.; Lipton, Andrew S.; Mueller, Karl T.

    2009-08-01

    Olivine has been the subject of frequent investigation in the earth sciences because of its simple structure and rapid dissolution kinetics. Several studies have observed a preferential release of magnesium with respect to silica during weathering under acidic conditions, which has been correlated to the formation of a silicon rich leached layer. While leached layer formation has been inferred through the changing solution chemistry, a thorough spectroscopic investigation of olivine reacted under acidic conditions has not been conducted. In particular, the fate of magnesium in the system is not understood and spectroscopic interrogations through nuclear magnetic resonance can elucidate the changing magnesium coordination and bonding environment. In this study, we combine analysis of the changing solution chemistry with advanced spectroscopic techniques (29Si MAS, 1H-29Si CP MAS, 25Mg QCPMG, and 1H-25Mg 2 CP QCPMG NMR) to probe leached layer formation and possible secondary phase precipitation during the dissolution of forsterite at 150 oC.

  14. Complete (1)H, (15)N and (13)C assignment of trappin-2 and (1)H assignment of its two domains, elafin and cementoin.

    PubMed

    Loth, Karine; Alami, Soha Abou Ibrahim; Habès, Chahrazed; Garrido, Solène; Aucagne, Vincent; Delmas, Agnès F; Moreau, Thierry; Zani, Marie-Louise; Landon, Céline

    2016-04-01

    Trappin-2 is a serine protease inhibitor with a very narrow inhibitory spectrum and has significant anti-microbial activities. It is a 10 kDa cationic protein composed of two distinct domains. The N-terminal domain (38 residues) named cementoin is known to be intrinsically disordered when it is not linked to the elafin. The C-terminal domain (57 residues), corresponding to elafin, is a cysteine-rich domain stabilized by four disulfide bridges and is characterized by a flat core and a flexible N-terminal part. To our knowledge, there is no structural data available on trappin-2. We report here the complete (1)H, (15)N and (13)C resonance assignment of the recombinant trappin-2 and the (1)H assignments of cementoin and elafin, under the same experimental conditions. This is the first step towards the 3D structure determination of the trappin-2. PMID:26878852

  15. Efficient approach to 2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydrofuran derivatives and its application for the synthesis of novel 4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyridazines.

    PubMed

    Ma, Jun-Rui; Shu, Wen-Ming; Zheng, Kai-Lu; Ni, Fan; Yin, Guo-Dong; Wu, An-Xin

    2015-05-01

    A highly efficient method for the synthesis of 2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydrofuran derivatives from 1,4-enediones and phenacyl pyridinium halides via a domino reaction has been developed. This is a simple and beneficial strategy for the construction of 2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydrofuran compounds from readily available starting materials under mild conditions. Moreover, the application of this reaction provides a straightforward and practical route for the synthesis of the novel 4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyridazine skeleton. PMID:25821120

  16. 3-Hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-ones As Inhibitors of Influenza A Endonuclease

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Several 3-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-ones derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A endonuclease. All five of the monobrominated 3-hydroxyquinolin(1H)-2-ones derivatives were synthesized. Suzuki-coupling of p-fluorophenylboronic acid with each of these brominated derivatives provided the respective p-fluorophenyl 3-hydroxyquinolin(1H)-2-ones. In addition to 3-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-one, its 4-methyl, 4-phenyl, 4-methyl-7-(p-fluorophenyl), and 4-phenyl-7-(p-fluorophenyl) derivatives were also synthesized. Comparative studies on their relative activity revealed that both 6- and 7-(p-fluorophenyl)-3-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-one are among the more potent inhibitors of H1N1 influenza A endonuclease. An X-ray crystal structure of 7-(p-fluorophenyl)-3-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-one complexed to the influenza endonuclease revealed that this molecule chelates to two metal ions at the active site of the enzyme. PMID:24936242

  17. Effect of an allophanic soil on humification reactions between catechol and glycine: Spectroscopic investigations of reaction products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fukushima, Masami; Miura, Akitaka; Sasaki, Masahide; Izumo, Kenji

    2009-01-01

    Adduction of amino acids to phenols is a possible humification reaction pathway [F.J. Stevenson, Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reaction, second ed., Wiley, New York, 1994, pp. 188-211; M.C. Wang, P.M. Huang, Sci. Total Environ. 62 (1987) 435; M.C. Wang, P.M. Huang, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55 (1991) 1156; M.C. Wang, P.M. Huang, Geoderma 112 (2003) 31; M.C. Wang, P.M. Huang, Geoderma 124 (2005) 415]. To elucidate the reaction kinetics and products of abiotic humification, the effects of an allophanic soil on the adduction of amino acids to phenols were investigated using catechol (CT) and glycine (Gly) as a model phenol and amino acid, respectively. An aqueous solution containing CT and Gly (pH 7.0) in the presence of allophanic soil was incubated for 2 weeks, and the kinetics of the humification reactions were monitored by analysis of absorptivity at 600 nm ( E600). A mixture of CT and Gly in the absence of allophanic soil was used as a control. The E600 value increased markedly in the presence of allophanic soil. In addition, unreacted CT was detected in the control reaction mixture, but not in the allophane-containing reaction mixture. Under the sterilized conditions, absorbance at 600 nm for the control reaction mixture was significantly smaller than that for the allophanic soil-containing reaction mixture, which indicates there was no microbial participation during incubation. These results indicate that the allophanic soil effectively facilitated humification reactions between CT and Gly. The reaction mixtures were acidified and humic-like acid (HLA) was isolated as a precipitate. The elemental composition, acidic functional group contents, molecular weight, FT-IR, solid-state CP-MAS 13C NMR, and 1H NMR spectra of the purified HLAs were analyzed. The results of these analyses indicate that the nitrogen atom of Gly binds to the aromatic carbon of CT in the HLA products.

  18. The Use and Evaluation of Scaffolding, Student Centered-Learning, Behaviorism, and Constructivism to Teach Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and IR Spectroscopy in a Two-Semester Organic Chemistry Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livengood, Kimberly; Lewallen, Denver W.; Leatherman, Jennifer; Maxwell, Janet L.

    2012-01-01

    Since 2002, infrared spectroscopy (IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometry have been introduced at the beginning of the first-semester organic chemistry lab course at this university. Starting in 2008, each individual student was given 20 unique homework problems that consisted of multiple-choice [superscript 1]H NMR and IR problems…

  19. The Use and Evaluation of Scaffolding, Student Centered-Learning, Behaviorism, and Constructivism to Teach Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and IR Spectroscopy in a Two-Semester Organic Chemistry Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livengood, Kimberly; Lewallen, Denver W.; Leatherman, Jennifer; Maxwell, Janet L.

    2012-01-01

    Since 2002, infrared spectroscopy (IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometry have been introduced at the beginning of the first-semester organic chemistry lab course at this university. Starting in 2008, each individual student was given 20 unique homework problems that consisted of multiple-choice [superscript 1]H NMR and IR problems

  20. Higgs phenomenology in Type-I 2HDM with U(1) H Higgs gauge symmetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ko, P.; Omura, Yuji; Yu, Chaehyun

    2014-01-01

    It is well known that generic two-Higgs-doublet models (2HDMs) suffer from potentially large Higgs-mediated flavor-changing neutral current (FCNC) problem, unless additional symmetries are imposed on the Higgs fields thereby respecting the Natural Flavor Conservation Criterion (NFC) by Glashow and Weinberg. A common way to respect the NFC is to impose Z 2 symmetry which is softly broken by a dim-2 operator. Another new way is to introduce local U(1) H Higgs flavor symmetry that distinguishes one Higgs doublet from the other. In this paper, we consider the Higgs phenomenology in Type-I 2HDMs with the U(1) H symmetry with the simplest U(1) H assignments that the SM fermions are all neutral under U(1) H , and we make detailed comparison with the ordinary Type-I 2HDM. After imposing various constraints such as vacuum stability and perturbativity as well as the electroweak precision observables and collider search bounds on charged Higgs boson, we find that the allowed Higgs signal strengths in our model are much broader than those in the ordinary Type-I 2HDM, because of newly introduced U(1) H -charged singlet scalar and U(1) H gauge boson. Still the ATLAS data on gg → h → γγ cannot be accommodated. Our model could be distinguished from the ordinary 2HDM with the Z 2 symmetry in a certain parameter region and some channels. If the couplings of the new boson turn out to be close to those in the SM, it would be essential to search for extra U(1) H gauge boson and/or one more neutral scalar boson to distinguish two models.

  1. High resolution 1H NMR spectroscopic studies of the metabolism and excretion of ampicillin in rats and amoxycillin in rats and man.

    PubMed

    Connor, S C; Everett, J R; Jennings, K R; Nicholson, J K; Woodnutt, G

    1994-02-01

    High resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy has been used to investigate the metabolism and urinary excretion of the aminopenicillins, ampicillin and amoxycillin, in rats and of amoxycillin in man. 1H NMR resonances of the aminopenicillins, together with those for their 5R, 6R and 5S, 6R penicilloic acids and diketopiperazine metabolites were detected, assigned and quantified in urine samples with the aid of spin-echo NMR techniques. The dimer of amoxycillin was detected in rat urine for the first time together with novel drug-related resonances assigned to amoxycillin carbamate. Quantitative 1H NMR spectroscopic results were consistent with HPLC and microbiological data considering that only single measurements were recorded. Due to the short analysis time and simple sample preparation, NMR was particularly useful for studying the metabolism of the aminopenicillins for which sample degradation poses analytical problems. The non-invasive character of 1H NMR spectroscopic analysis of urine also provided unique information on a reversible reaction between amoxycillin and bicarbonate, an endogenous urinary metabolite. PMID:8021801

  2. Urinary metabolic fingerprint of acute intermittent porphyria analyzed by (1)H NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Carichon, Mickael; Pallet, Nicolas; Schmitt, Caroline; Lefebvre, Thibaud; Gouya, Laurent; Talbi, Neila; Deybach, Jean Charles; Beaune, Philippe; Vasos, Paul; Puy, Hervé; Bertho, Gildas

    2014-02-18

    (1)H NMR is a nonbiased technique for the quantification of small molecules that could result in the identification and characterization of potential biomarkers with prognostic value and contribute to better understand pathophysiology of diseases. In this study, we used (1)H NMR spectroscopy to analyze the urinary metabolome of patients with acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), an inherited metabolic disorder of heme biosynthesis in which an accumulation of the heme precursors 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) and porphobilinogen (PBG) promotes sudden neurovisceral attacks, which can be life-threatening. Our objectives were (1) to demonstrate the usefulness of (1)H NMR to identify and quantify ALA and PBG in urines from AIP patients and (2) to identify metabolites that would predict the response to AIP crisis treatment and reflect differential metabolic reprogramming. Our results indicate that (1)H NMR can help to diagnose AIP attacks based on the identification of ALA and PBG. We also show that glycin concentration increases in urines from patients with frequent recurrences at the end of the treatment, after an initial decrease, whereas PBG concentration remains low. Although the reasons for this altered are elusive, these findings indicate that a glycin metabolic reprogramming occurs in AIPr patients and is associated with recurrence. Our results validate the proof of concept of the usefulness of (1)H NMR spectroscopy in clinical chemistry for the diagnosis of acute attack of AIP and identify urinary glycin as a potential marker of recurrence of AIP acute attacks. PMID:24437734

  3. Quantitative Determination of Carthamin in Carthamus Red by 1H-NMR Spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Takamitsu; Terasaka, Kazuyoshi; Kato, Setsuko; Bai, Fan; Sugimoto, Naoki; Akiyama, Hiroshi; Yamazaki, Takeshi; Mizukami, Hajime

    2013-01-01

    Carthamus Red is a food colorant prepared from the petals of Carthamus tinctorius (Asteraceae) whose major pigment is carthamin. Since an authentic carthamin standard is difficult to obtain commercially for the preparation of calibration curves in HPLC assays, we applied (1)H-NMR spectroscopy to the quantitative determination of carthamin in commercial preparations of Carthamus Red. Carthamus Red was repeatedly extracted in methanol and the extract was dissolved in pyridine-d(5) containing hexamethyldisilane (HMD) prior to (1)H-NMR spectroscopic analysis. The carthamin contents were calculated from the ratios of singlet signal intensities at approximately σ: 9.3 derived from H-16 of carthamin to those of the HMD signal at σ: 0. The integral ratios exhibited good repeatability among NMR spectroscopic analyses. Both the intra-day and inter-day assay variations had coefficients of variation of <5%. Based on the coefficient of absorption, the carthamin contents of commercial preparations determined by (1)H-NMR spectroscopy correlated well with those determined by colorimetry, although the latter were always approximately 1.3-fold higher than the former, irrespective of the Carthamus Red preparations. In conclusion, the quantitative (1)H-NMR spectroscopy used in the present study is simple and rapid, requiring no carthamin standard for calibration. After HMD concentration has been corrected using certified reference materials, the carthamin contents determined by (1)H-NMR spectroscopy are System of Units (SI)-traceable. PMID:24436958

  4. Specific control of BMP signaling and mesenchymal differentiation by cytoplasmic phosphatase PPM1H

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Tao; Sun, Chuang; Zhang, Zhengmao; Xu, Ningyi; Duan, Xueyan; Feng, Xin-Hua; Lin, Xia

    2014-01-01

    Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the TGF-β superfamily of structurally related signaling proteins that regulate a wide array of cellular functions. The key step in BMP signal transduction is the BMP receptor-mediated phosphorylation of transcription factors Smad1, 5, and 8 (collectively Smad1/5/8), which leads to the subsequent activation of BMP-induced gene transcription in the nucleus. In this study, we describe the identification and characterization of PPM1H as a novel cytoplasm-localized Smad1/5/8-specific phosphatase. PPM1H directly interacts with Smad1/5/8 through its Smad-binding domain, and dephosphorylates phospho-Smad1/5/8 (P-Smad1/5/8) in the cytoplasm. Ectopic expression of PPM1H attenuates BMP signaling, whereas loss of PPM1H activity or expression greatly enhances BMP-dependent gene regulation and mesenchymal differentiation. In conclusion, this study suggests that PPM1H acts as a gatekeeper to prevent excessive BMP signaling through dephosphorylation and subsequent nuclear exclusion of P-Smad1/5/8 proteins. PMID:24732009

  5. 1H NMR based metabolic profiling in the evaluation of Japanese green tea quality.

    PubMed

    Tarachiwin, Lucksanaporn; Ute, Koichi; Kobayashi, Akio; Fukusaki, Eiichiro

    2007-11-14

    Classification of tea quality is now mainly performed according to the sensory results by professional tea tasters. However, this evaluation method is inconsistent in differentiating their qualities. A combination of a (1)H NMR technique and a multivariate analysis was introduced to the quality evaluation of green tea by means of a metabolomic technique. A broad range of metabolites were detected by (1)H NMR spectrometry. The principal component analysis (PCA) was used to reduce the complexity of the (1)H NMR spectra data set and provided the quality discrimination result. It offered an extensive clue for classification and quality assessment without any prepurification method. A set of green teas from a Japanese tea contest were analyzed by (1)H NMR to classify the quality with respect to that judged by tea tasters and to conceive a quality prediction model. Metabolic profiling and fingerprinting of (1)H NMR spectra of green teas with different quality were studied. PCA showed a separation between the high- and the low-quality green teas. The taste marker compounds contributing to the discrimination of tea quality were identified. Reliable prediction models were obtained by the partial least-squares projection to latent structure (PLS) analysis together with a preprocessing filter of both orthogonal signal correction (OSC) and a combination between OSC and wavelet transform algorithms. PMID:17944534

  6. Hematocrit and oxygenation dependence of blood (1)H(2)O T(1) at 7 Tesla.

    PubMed

    Grgac, Ksenija; van Zijl, Peter C M; Qin, Qin

    2013-10-01

    Knowledge of blood (1)H2O T1 is critical for perfusion-based quantification experiments such as arterial spin labeling and cerebral blood volume-weighted MRI using vascular space occupancy. The dependence of blood (1)H2O T1 on hematocrit fraction (Hct) and oxygen saturation fraction (Y) was determined at 7 T using in vitro bovine blood in a circulating system under physiological conditions. Blood (1)H2O R1 values for different conditions could be readily fitted using a two-compartment (erythrocyte and plasma) model, which are described by a monoexponential longitudinal relaxation rate constant dependence. It was found that T1 = 2171 ± 39 ms for Y = 1 (arterial blood) and 2010 ± 41 ms for Y = 0.6 (venous blood), for a typical Hct of 0.42. The blood (1)H2O T1 values in the normal physiological range (Hct from 0.35 to 0.45, and Y from 0.6 to 1.0) were determined to range from 1900 to 2300 ms. The influence of oxygen partial pressure (pO2) and the effect of plasma osmolality for different anticoagulants were also investigated. It is discussed why blood (1)H2O T1 values measured in vivo for human blood may be about 10-20% larger than found in vitro for bovine blood at the same field strength. PMID:23169066

  7. Collaborative Student Laboratory Exercise Using FT-IR Spectroscopy for the Kinetics Study of a Biotin Analogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leong, Jhaque; Ackroyd, Nathan C.; Ho, Karen

    2014-01-01

    The synthesis of N-methoxycarbonyl-2-imidazolidone, an analogue of biotin, was conducted by organic chemistry students and confirmed using FT-IR and H NMR. Spectroscopy students used FT-IR to measure the rate of hydrolysis of the product and determined the rate constant for the reaction using the integrated rate law. From the magnitude of the rate

  8. Collaborative Student Laboratory Exercise Using FT-IR Spectroscopy for the Kinetics Study of a Biotin Analogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leong, Jhaque; Ackroyd, Nathan C.; Ho, Karen

    2014-01-01

    The synthesis of N-methoxycarbonyl-2-imidazolidone, an analogue of biotin, was conducted by organic chemistry students and confirmed using FT-IR and H NMR. Spectroscopy students used FT-IR to measure the rate of hydrolysis of the product and determined the rate constant for the reaction using the integrated rate law. From the magnitude of the rate…

  9. Preliminary study of corrosion mechanisms of actinides alloys: calibration of FT-IR spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Magnien, Veronique; Cadignan, Marx; Faivret, Olivier; Rosa, Gaelle

    2008-07-01

    In situ analyzes of gaseous atmospheres could be performed by FT-IR spectroscopy in order to study the corrosion reactions of actinides. Nevertheless experimental conditions and the nature of studied species have a strong effect on IR absorption laws. Thus a prior calibration of our set-up is required to obtain an accurate estimation of gas concentration. For this purpose, the behavior of several air pure gases has been investigated according to their concentration from IR spectra. Reproducible results revealed subsequent increases of the most significant peak areas with gas pressure and small deviations from Beer Lambert's law. This preliminary work allowed to determine precise absorption laws for each studied pure gas in our in situ experimental conditions. Besides our FT-IR set-up was well suitable to quantitative analysis of gaseous atmosphere during corrosion reactions. Finally the effect of foreign gas will be investigated through more complex air mixtures to obtain a complete calibration network. (authors)

  10. Dynamics-based selective 2D {sup 1}H/{sup 1}H chemical shift correlation spectroscopy under ultrafast MAS conditions

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Rongchun; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy

    2015-05-28

    Dynamics plays important roles in determining the physical, chemical, and functional properties of a variety of chemical and biological materials. However, a material (such as a polymer) generally has mobile and rigid regions in order to have high strength and toughness at the same time. Therefore, it is difficult to measure the role of mobile phase without being affected by the rigid components. Herein, we propose a highly sensitive solid-state NMR approach that utilizes a dipolar-coupling based filter (composed of 12 equally spaced 90° RF pulses) to selectively measure the correlation of {sup 1}H chemical shifts from the mobile regions of a material. It is interesting to find that the rotor-synchronized dipolar filter strength decreases with increasing inter-pulse delay between the 90° pulses, whereas the dipolar filter strength increases with increasing inter-pulse delay under static conditions. In this study, we also demonstrate the unique advantages of proton-detection under ultrafast magic-angle-spinning conditions to enhance the spectral resolution and sensitivity for studies on small molecules as well as multi-phase polymers. Our results further demonstrate the use of finite-pulse radio-frequency driven recoupling pulse sequence to efficiently recouple weak proton-proton dipolar couplings in the dynamic regions of a molecule and to facilitate the fast acquisition of {sup 1}H/{sup 1}H correlation spectrum compared to the traditional 2D NOESY (Nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy) experiment. We believe that the proposed approach is beneficial to study mobile components in multi-phase systems, such as block copolymers, polymer blends, nanocomposites, heterogeneous amyloid mixture of oligomers and fibers, and other materials.

  11. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN...

  12. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN...

  13. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN...

  14. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN...

  15. 40 CFR 721.1750 - 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium salts. 721.1750 Section 721.1750... 1H-Benzotriazole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)- and 1H-ben-zo-tri-a-zole, 5-(pen-tyl-oxy)-, sodium and potassium...-tyl-oxy)-, sodium salt (PMN P-92-35), and 1H-benzotriazole, 5-(pentyloxy)- , potassium salt (PMN...

  16. Diazirine-modified gold nanoparticle: template for efficient photoinduced interfacial carbene insertion reactions.

    PubMed

    Ismaili, Hossein; Lee, Soo; Workentin, Mark S

    2010-09-21

    Photolysis of a 3-aryl-3-(trifluoromethyl)diazirine-modified monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles (2-C(12)MPNs), with a core size of 1.8 ± 0.3 nm, in the presence of model carbene trapping reagents leads to efficient, essentially quantitative, modification of the interface via carbene insertion reactions. The utility of carbene insertion reactions as a general approach for the modification of Au-MPNs to provide a breadth of new structures available was demonstrated using acetic acid, methanol, benzyl alcohol, phenol, benzylamine, methyl acrylate, and styrene (10a-g, respectively) as electrophilic carbene trapping agents to form the corresponding modified 3a-g-C(12)MPNs. The 1.8 ± 0.3 nm gold nanoparticles bearing a diazirine group (2-C(12)MPNs) were synthesized using the ligand exchange reaction with the requisite 3-aryl-3-(trifluoromethyl)diazirinealkylthiol. The 2-C(12)MPNs and the resulting products of the reaction on the MPN (3a-g-C(12)MPN) were fully characterized by IR, (1)H NMR, and (19)F NMR spectroscopy and, when applicable, transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Verification for the 3a-g-C(12)MPNs was accomplished by comparison of the spectral data to those of obtained for the photoreactions of 3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-3H-diazirine as a model with 10a-g. PMID:20735050

  17. IR susceptibility of naval ships using ShipIR/NTCS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaitekunas, David A.

    2010-04-01

    Methods of analysing the signature and susceptibility of naval platforms to infrared detection are described. An unclassified ShipIR destroyer model is used to illustrate the primary sources of infrared signature and detection: the exhaust system, solar-heating, and operating climate. The basic detection algorithm used by the Naval Threat Countermeasure Simulator (NTCS) component of ShipIR is described and used to analyse the effectiveness of various stealth technologies: stack suppression, low solar absorptive (LSA) paints, and Active Hull Cooling (AHC). Standard marine climate statistics are used to determine a minimum (5%), average (50%) and maximum (95%) signature condition for each operating region. The change in detection range of two wave-band sensors (3-5μm, 8-12 μm) operating at different altitudes (10m, 270m) in each of four climatic conditions is used to assess the effectiveness of each stealth solution, providing a more integral approach to infrared stealth design. These tools and methods form the basis on which future platform designs are being evaluated.

  18. Multislice 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging: assessment of epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiner, Michael W.; Maudsley, Andrew A.; Schuff, Norbert; Soher, Brian J.; Vermathen, Peter P.; Fein, George; Laxer, Kenneth D.

    1998-07-01

    Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H MRSI) with volume pre-selection (i.e. by PRESS) or multislice 1H MRSI was used to investigate changes in brain metabolites in Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Examples of results from several ongoing clinical studies are provided. Multislice 1H MRSI of the human brain, without volume pre-selection offers considerable advantages over previously available techniques. Furthermore, MRI tissue segmentation and completely automated spectra curve fitting greatly facilitate quantitative data analysis. Future efforts will be devoted to obtaining full brain coverage and data acquisition at short spin echo times (TE less than 30 ms) for the detection of metabolites with short T2 relaxation times.

  19. Preclinical (1)H-MRS neurochemical profiling in neurological and psychiatric disorders.

    PubMed

    Lee, Moonnoh R; Denic, Aleksandar; Hinton, David J; Mishra, Prasanna K; Choi, Doo-Sup; Pirko, Istvan; Rodriguez, Moses; Macura, Slobodan I

    2012-07-01

    The ongoing development of animal models of neurological and psychiatric disorders in combination with the development of advanced nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and instrumentation has led to increased use of in vivo proton NMR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) for neurochemical analyses. (1)H-MRS is one of only a few analytical methods that can assay in vivo and longitudinal neurochemical changes associated with neurological and psychiatric diseases, with the added advantage of being a technique that can be utilized in both preclinical and clinical studies. In this review, recent progress in the use of (1)H-MRS to investigate animal models of neurological and psychiatric disorders is summarized with examples from the literature and our own work. PMID:22877223

  20. Preclinical 1H-MRS neurochemical profiling in neurological and psychiatric disorders

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Moonnoh R; Denic, Aleksandar; Hinton, David J; Mishra, Prasanna K; Choi, Doo-Sup; Pirko, Istvan; Rodriguez, Moses; Macura, Slobodan I

    2014-01-01

    The ongoing development of animal models of neurological and psychiatric disorders in combination with the development of advanced nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and instrumentation has led to increased use of in vivo proton NMR spectroscopy (1H-MRS) for neurochemical analyses. 1H-MRS is one of only a few analytical methods that can assay in vivo and longitudinal neurochemical changes associated with neurological and psychiatric diseases, with the added advantage of being a technique that can be utilized in both preclinical and clinical studies. In this review, recent progress in the use of 1H-MRS to investigate animal models of neurological and psychiatric disorders is summarized with examples from the literature and our own work. PMID:22877223

  1. 13C-1H dipolar recoupling under very fast magic-angle spinning using virtual pulses.

    PubMed

    Takegoshi, K; Terao, T

    1999-05-01

    A new solid-state NMR pulse sequence for recoupling 13C-1H dipolar interactions under magic-angle spinning is proposed, which works under a spinning speed of a few to several tens kilohertz. The sequence is composed of two different frequency switched Lee-Goldburg sequences, and the modulation of the spin part of the 13C-1H dipolar interaction is introduced by a virtual pulse sequence consisting of unitary operators connecting the rotating frame and the tilted rotating frame. When the cycle time of the spinning is equal to or twice the cycle time of the sequence, the 13C-1H dipolar interactions can be recoupled. The sequence is insensitive to experimental imperfections such as rf inhomogeneity or frequency offset, and the resulting lineshape can be represented by a simple analytical equation based on the zeroth-order average Hamiltonian. Experimental results for [2-(13)C] L-valine x HCl are reported. PMID:10378429

  2. Double-tuned radiofrequency coil for (19)F and (1)H imaging.

    PubMed

    Otake, Yosuke; Soutome, Yoshihisa; Hirata, Koji; Ochi, Hisaaki; Bito, Yoshitaka

    2014-01-01

    We developed a double-tuned radiofrequency (RF) coil using a novel circuit method to double tune for fluorine-19 (19F) and 1H magnetic resonance imaging, whose frequencies are very close to each other. The RF coil consists of 3 parallel-connected series inductor capacitor circuits. A computer simulation for our double-tuned RF coil with a phantom demonstrated that the coil has tuned resonant frequency and high sensitivity for both 19F and 1H. Drug distribution was visualized at 7 tesla using this RF coil and a rat administered perfluoro 15-crown-5-ether emulsion. The double-tune RF coil we developed may be a powerful tool for 19F and 1H imaging. PMID:24990464

  3. Probing hydrogen in ZnO nanorods using solid-state 1H nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Li Q.; Exarhos, Gregory J.; Windisch, Charles F.; Yao, Chunhua; Pederson, Larry R.; Zhou, Xiao Dong

    2007-04-23

    We have developed a low-temperature reflux method to synthesize large quantities of well-dispersed free-standing ZnO nanorods using a simple and mild aqueous solution route. In this approach, different surfactants were used to control nanostructure morphologies. Bound proton states in these ZnO nanorods were characterized for the first time by high resolution solid-state 1H magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR. In contrast to commercially available ZnO nano- or micro-particles, our uniform ZnO nanorods show a surprisingly sharp 1H NMR resonance. The feature is maintained upon heating to 500 oC, which suggests that an unusually stable proton species exists, most likely associated with lattice defects within the ZnO framework. Work here has demonstrated a new approach for probing a small amount of proton species associated with defects in nano-crystalline solids using high resolution solid-state 1H MAS NMR.

  4. Amino­silanes derived from 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione

    PubMed Central

    Palomo-Molina, Juliana; García-Báez, Efrén V.; Contreras, Rosalinda; Pineda-Urbina, Kayim; Ramos-Organillo, Angel

    2015-01-01

    Two new mol­ecular structures, namely 1,3-bis­(tri­methyl­silyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione, C13H22N2SSi2, (2), and 1-tri­methyl­silyl-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione, C10H14N2SSi, (3), are reported. Both systems were derived from 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione. Noncovalent C—H⋯π inter­actions between the centroid of the benzmidazole system and the SiMe3 groups form helicoidal arrangements in (2). Dimerization of (3) results in the formation of R 2 2(8) rings via N—H⋯S inter­actions, along with parallel π–π inter­actions between imidazole and benzene rings. PMID:26322611

  5. Aminosilanes derived from 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione.

    PubMed

    Palomo-Molina, Juliana; García-Báez, Efrén V; Contreras, Rosalinda; Pineda-Urbina, Kayim; Ramos-Organillo, Angel

    2015-09-01

    Two new molecular structures, namely 1,3-bis(trimethylsilyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione, C13H22N2SSi2, (2), and 1-trimethylsilyl-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione, C10H14N2SSi, (3), are reported. Both systems were derived from 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione. Noncovalent C-H···π interactions between the centroid of the benzmidazole system and the SiMe3 groups form helicoidal arrangements in (2). Dimerization of (3) results in the formation of R2(2)(8) rings via N-H···S interactions, along with parallel π-π interactions between imidazole and benzene rings. PMID:26322611

  6. Facile solvothermal synthesis of abnormal growth of one-dimensional ZnO nanostructures by ring-opening reaction of polyvinylpyrrolidone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, G.; Wang, X. L.; Liu, G. Z.

    2015-02-01

    Abnormal growth of one-dimensional (1-D) ZnO nanostructures (NSs) have been accomplished with the assistance of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) under a super high alkaline alcoholic solvothermal condition. The products were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy. The effect of synthetic conditions, such as reaction temperature and the addition of PVP, on the morphologies of ZnO products were investigated. The results show that PVP molecules had the significant role in the transformation of morphologies of ZnO NSs ranging from nanorods, nanoparticles to pyramids, as well as flower-like assembly features. The possible growth mechanism of ZnO pyramids was proposed based on ring-opening reaction of PVP.

  7. Relativistic Force Field: Parametrization of (13)C-(1)H Nuclear Spin-Spin Coupling Constants.

    PubMed

    Kutateladze, Andrei G; Mukhina, Olga A

    2015-11-01

    Previously, we reported a reliable DU8 method for natural bond orbital (NBO)-aided parametric scaling of Fermi contacts to achieve fast and accurate prediction of proton-proton spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC) in (1)H NMR. As sophisticated NMR experiments for precise measurements of carbon-proton SSCCs are becoming more user-friendly and broadly utilized by the organic chemistry community to guide and inform the process of structure determination of complex organic compounds, we have now developed a fast and accurate method for computing (13)C-(1)H SSCCs. Fermi contacts computed with the DU8 basis set are scaled using selected NBO parameters in conjunction with empirical scaling coefficients. The method is optimized for inexpensive B3LYP/6-31G(d) geometries. The parametric scaling is based on a carefully selected training set of 274 ((3)J), 193 ((2)J), and 143 ((1)J) experimental (13)C-(1)H spin-spin coupling constants reported in the literature. The DU8 basis set, optimized for computing Fermi contacts, which by design had evolved from optimization of a collection of inexpensive 3-21G*, 4-21G, and 6-31G(d) bases, offers very short computational (wall) times even for relatively large organic molecules containing 15-20 carbon atoms. The most informative SSCCs for structure determination, i.e., (3)J, were computed with an accuracy of 0.41 Hz (rmsd). The new unified approach for computing (1)H-(1)H and (13)C-(1)H SSCCs is termed "DU8c". PMID:26414291

  8. Near-IR Photometry of Nova Del 2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cass, C. A.; Carlon, L. R.; Corgan, T. D.; Dykhoff, A. D.; Gehrz, D. R.; Shenoy, P. D.

    2013-08-01

    Subjects: Infra-Red, Nova We report Near-IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 taken with the 0.76-m infrared telescope at the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, USA). RIJHKLM photometry were obtained on August 21.17 and 23.13 UT using an AsSi bolometer. Vega (alpha Lyrae) was used as the standard star. Our photometry show: August 21.17 UT: R = 5.1 +/- 0.1, I = 4.6 +/- 0.1, J = 4.6 +/- 0.1, H = 4.1 +/- 0.1, K = 3.9 +/- 0.1, L = 2.7 +/- 0.2, M = +2.2 +/- 0.2.

  9. Structural investigations of a series of 1,6-aryl-7-hydroxy-2,3-dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidin-5(1H)-ones with potential antinociceptive activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wysocki, Waldemar; Karczmarzyk, Zbigniew; Rządkowska, Marzena; Szacoń, Elżbieta; Matosiuk, Dariusz; Urbańczyk-Lipkowska, Zofia; Kalicki, Przemysław

    2015-08-01

    The structural investigations of a series of new bioactive imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidines 1-6 were undertaken using IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic analysis, X-ray crystal structure determinations and theoretical calculations. The compounds 1-6 were obtained by condensation of the respective 1-aryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-amine hydrobromide and diethyl phenylmalonate in presence of sodium methoxide in methanol and for these compounds the equilibrium between possible O10-enol/O11-keto (a), O11-enol/O10-keto (b) and O10,O11-diketo (c) tautomeric forms were investigated in the gaseous phase, solution and crystalline state. Spectroscopic studies 1H, 13C NMR and IR allowed for the identification of the compounds 1-6 but they did not indicate explicitly their tautomeric forms present in solution and in the solid state. The X-ray analysis showed that the molecules of all investigated compounds exist as the O10-enol/O11-keto (a) tautomeric form in the crystalline state. The hydroxyl and carbonyl groups characteristic for existing tautomeric form are involved in a strong intra- and/or intermolecular Osbnd H⋯O and Osbnd H⋯N hydrogen bonds. The theoretical calculations at DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level showed that two tautomeric forms (a) and (c) can coexist both in gas phase and the solution with the population of them being in the relation (a) > (or ≫) (c). The comparison of the experimentally recorded IR, 1H and 13C spectra with the corresponding spectra theoretically calculated for all possible tautomeric forms of 1-6 shows that the correlation of experimental and theoretical spectra can be used to a limited extent for the identification of tautomeric forms.

  10. Carbon nanotube IR detectors (SV)

    SciTech Connect

    Leonard, F. L.

    2012-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and Lockheed Martin Corporation (LMC) collaborated to (1) evaluate the potential of carbon nanotubes as channels in infrared (IR) photodetectors; (2) assemble and characterize carbon nanotube electronic devices and measure the photocurrent generated when exposed to infrared light;(3) compare the performance of the carbon nanotube devices with that of traditional devices; and (4) develop and numerically implement models of electronic transport and opto-electronic behavior of carbon nanotube infrared detectors. This work established a new paradigm for photodetectors.

  11. Synthesis and Herbicidal Activity of 5-Heterocycloxy-3-methyl-1-substituted-1H-pyrazoles.

    PubMed

    Kang, Jing; Yue, Xia Li; Chen, Chang Shui; Li, Jian Hong; Ma, Hong Ju

    2015-01-01

    With the objective of finding valuable herbicidal candidates, a series of new 5-heterocycloxy-3-methyl-1-substituted-1H-pyrazoles were synthesized and their herbicidal activities were evaluated. The bioassay results showed that some compounds exhibited excellent herbicidal activities at the concentration of 100 mg/L, and compound 5-chloro-2-((3-methyl-1-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)oxy)pyrimidine showed bleaching activity to green weeds. In greenhouse conditions, this compound also showed excellent post-emergence herbicidal effect against Digitaria sanguinalis L. at the dosage of 750 g a. i. ha(-1). PMID:26712728

  12. Fruit juice authentication by 1H NMR spectroscopy in combination with different chemometrics tools.

    PubMed

    Cuny, M; Vigneau, E; Le Gall, G; Colquhoun, I; Lees, M; Rutledge, D N

    2008-01-01

    To discriminate orange juice from grapefruit juice in a context of fraud prevention, (1)H NMR data were submitted to different treatments to extract informative variables which were then analysed using multivariate techniques. Averaging contiguous data points of the spectrum followed by logarithmic transformation improved the results of the data analysis. Moreover, supervised variable selection methods gave better rates of classification of the juices into the correct groups. Last, independent-component analysis gave better classification results than principal-component analysis. Hence, ICA may be an efficient chemometric tool to detect differences in the (1)H NMR spectra of similar samples, and so may be useful for authentication of foods. PMID:18026939

  13. Detection of hydrogen dissolved in acrylonitrile butadiene rubber by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishimura, Shin; Fujiwara, Hirotada

    2012-01-01

    Rubber materials, which are used for hydrogen gas seal, can dissolve hydrogen during exposure in high-pressure hydrogen gas. Dissolved hydrogen molecules were detected by solid state 1H NMR of the unfilled vulcanized acrylonitrile butadiene rubber. Two signals were observed at 4.5 ppm and 4.8 ppm, which were assignable to dissolved hydrogen, in the 1H NMR spectrum of NBR after being exposed 100 MPa hydrogen gas for 24 h at room temperature. These signals were shifted from that of gaseous hydrogen molecules. Assignment of the signals was confirmed by quantitative estimation of dissolved hydrogen and peak area of the signals.

  14. Elevated Glutamatergic Compounds in Pregenual Anterior Cingulate in Pediatric Autism Spectrum Disorder Demonstrated by 1H MRS and 1H MRSI

    PubMed Central

    Bejjani, Anthony; O'Neill, Joseph; Kim, John A.; Frew, Andrew J.; Yee, Victor W.; Ly, Ronald; Kitchen, Christina; Salamon, Noriko; McCracken, James T.; Toga, Arthur W.; Alger, Jeffry R.; Levitt, Jennifer G.

    2012-01-01

    Recent research in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has aroused interest in anterior cingulate cortex and in the neurometabolite glutamate. We report two studies of pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC) in pediatric ASD. First, we acquired in vivo single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in 8 children with ASD and 10 typically developing controls who were well matched for age, but with fewer males and higher IQ. In the ASD group in midline pACC, we found mean 17.7% elevation of glutamate + glutamine (Glx) (p<0.05) and 21.2% (p<0.001) decrement in creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr). We then performed a larger (26 subjects with ASD, 16 controls) follow-up study in samples now matched for age, gender, and IQ using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H MRSI). Higher spatial resolution enabled bilateral pACC acquisition. Significant effects were restricted to right pACC where Glx (9.5%, p<0.05), Cr (6.7%, p<0.05), and N-acetyl-aspartate + N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate (10.2%, p<0.01) in the ASD sample were elevated above control. These two independent studies suggest hyperglutamatergia and other neurometabolic abnormalities in pACC in ASD, with possible right-lateralization. The hyperglutamatergic state may reflect an imbalance of excitation over inhibition in the brain as proposed in recent neurodevelopmental models of ASD. PMID:22848344

  15. Hydrogen incorporation into high temperature protonic conductors: Nuclear microprobe microanalysis by means of 1H(p, p) 1H scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berger, P.; Gallien, J.-P.; Khodja, H.; Daudin, L.; Berger, M.-H.; Sayir, A.

    2006-08-01

    Protonic conductivity of some solid state materials at an intermediate temperature range (400-600 °C), referred as high temperature protonic conductor (HTPC), suggests their application as electrolytes in electrochemical cells, batteries, sensors, etc. Among them, some perovskites can be protonic and electronic conductors. Several obstacles remain to achieve the full potential of these ceramic membranes, among them the lack of measurement techniques and of an unambiguous model for conductivity. A precise understanding of the transport mechanisms requires local profiling of hydrogen concentrations within the microstructure of the ceramic. We have used the nuclear microprobe of the Laboratoire Pierre SÜE to investigate quantitatively the spatial distribution of hydrogen after water heat treatment of textured perovskites, SrCe0.9Y0.1O3-δ and Sr3Ca1+xNb2-xO9-δ, x = 0.18, synthesized according to a melt-process developed at NASA GRC. A not very common method has been developed for hydrogen measurements in thin samples, 1H(p, p)1H elastic recoil coincidence spectrometry (ERCS). Early experiments have evidenced hydrogen concentration enhancement within grain boundaries.

  16. Dichloridobis{2-[(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)meth­yl]-1H-benzimidazole-κN 3}­zinc(II)

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wei-Peng; Zhang, Jiao-Lin; Hao, Bao-Lian; Yang, Huai-Xia

    2013-01-01

    In the title complex, [ZnCl2(C10H9N5)2], the ZnII ion is coordinated by two N atoms from two 2-[(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)meth­yl]-1H-benzimidazole (tmb) ligands and by two chloride ligands in a slightly distorted tetra­hedral geometry. In the tmb ligands, the benzimidazole rings systems are essentially planar, with maximum deviations from the mean plane of 0.021 (3) and 0.030 (3) Å, and form dihedral angles of 73.2 (2) and 83.5 (2)° with the triazole rings. In the crystal, N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds link complex mol­ecules into chains along [010]. In addition, weak C—H⋯Cl and C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds complete a three-dimensional network. Two weak intra­molecular C—H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds are also observed. PMID:23723759

  17. Regioselective synthesis of novel 4,5-diaryl functionalized 3,4-dihydropyrimidine-2(1H)-thiones via a non-Biginelli-type approach and evaluation of their in vitro anticancer activity.

    PubMed

    Sośnicki, Jacek G; Struk, Łukasz; Kurzawski, Mateusz; Perużyńska, Magdalena; Maciejewska, Gabriela; Droździk, Marek

    2014-06-01

    An easy and novel approach to synthesize 4,5-diaryl functionalized 3,4-dihydropyrimidine-2(1H)-thiones via addition of aryllithiums to 5-aryl substituted pyrimidine-2(1H)-thiones, which could be regarded as a method complementary to the most widely used Biginelli-type synthesis, is described. In the reaction of aryllithiums with N-(Me)Bn substituted pyrimidine-2(1H)-thiones a high degree of regioselectivity of addition, leading to 4-aryl adducts, was achieved. Selected compounds tested for their in vitro anticancer activity against four human cancer cell lines showed the greatest activity against breast cancer (MCF7). 1-Benzyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-5-phenyl substituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidine-2(1H)-thione (10g) exhibiting 10-fold more potent activity than the best known monastrol (MON) stands as a promising candidate for further scaffold and asymmetric synthesis. PMID:24752551

  18. Phosphonic acid functionalized ordered mesoporous material: a new and ecofriendly catalyst for one-pot multicomponent Biginelli reaction under solvent-free conditions.

    PubMed

    Pramanik, Malay; Bhaumik, Asim

    2014-01-22

    We report a new ordered 2D hexagonal mesoporous organosilica material (PAFMS-1) bearing phosphonic acid functionality at the surface. This hybrid material showed high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area (565 m(2) g(-1)) and ordered assembly of mesoporoes with an average pore diameter of ca. 2.1 nm. This novel hybrid mesoporous material has been synthesized via cocondensation of (triethoxysilyl)(propyliminomethyl)biphenylmethyl phosphoester (PEFOS) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) in the presence of cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) at 373 K. The phosphoester-functionalized organosilane (PEFOS) precursor has been synthesized for the first time by a simple SN2 reaction followed by Suzuki coupling and a Mannich reaction. The material has been characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, N2 sorption, and transmission electron microscopy image analysis, whereas the presence of organic moieties (an aromatic biphenyl ring and an aliphatic side chain), phosphrous, and silicon in the pore wall of the material have been characterized by solid-state magic-angle-spinning NMR, X-ray photoelectron, and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic tools. Further, the surface acid strength of the hybrid material has been determined by FT-IR analysis of the samples via temperature-programmed pyridine adsorption studies. The material has been utilized as a reusable heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of biologically important and value added multifunctionalized 3,4-dihydropyridin-2-1H-(ones)/3,4-dihydropyridin-2-1H-(thiones) (DHPMs) through a multicomponent Biginelli condensation reaction under solvent-free conditions at 333 K. The phosphonic acid functionalized 2D hexagonal mesoporous material showed much higher catalytic activity in this multicomponent condensation reaction over sulfonic acid functionalized mesoporous silica (MCM-41-SO3H) bearing an aliphatic chain in the hybrid framework. PMID:24372168

  19. Xanthan Gum Removal for 1H-NMR Analysis of the Intracellular Metabolome of the Bacteria Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri 306

    PubMed Central

    Pegos, Vanessa R.; Canevarolo, Rafael R.; Sampaio, Aline P.; Balan, Andrea; Zeri, Ana C. M.

    2014-01-01

    Xanthomonas is a genus of phytopathogenic bacteria, which produces a slimy, polysaccharide matrix known as xanthan gum, which involves, protects and helps the bacteria during host colonization. Although broadly used as a stabilizer and thickener in the cosmetic and food industries, xanthan gum can be a troubling artifact in molecular investigations due to its rheological properties. In particular, a cross-reaction between reference compounds and the xanthan gum could compromise metabolic quantification by NMR spectroscopy. Aiming at an efficient gum extraction protocol, for a 1H-NMR-based metabolic profiling study of Xanthomonas, we tested four different interventions on the broadly used methanol-chloroform extraction protocol for the intracellular metabolic contents observation. Lower limits for bacterial pellet volumes for extraction were also probed, and a strategy is illustrated with an initial analysis of X. citri’s metabolism by 1H-NMR spectroscopy. PMID:24957023

  20. 40 CFR 721.9078 - 6-Methoxy-1H-benz[de]isoquinoline-2 [3H]-dione derivative (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 6-Methoxy-1H-benz isoquinoline-2... New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9078 6-Methoxy-1H-benz isoquinoline-2 -dione... substance identified generically as 6-methoxy-1H-benz isoquinoline-2 -dione derivative (PMN P-00-1205)...

  1. Synthesis and anti-inflammatory evaluation of new 1,3,5-triaryl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole derivatives possessing an aminosulphonyl pharmacophore.

    PubMed

    Abdellatif, Khaled R A; Abdelgawad, Mohamed A; Elshemy, Heba A H; Alsayed, Shahinda S R; Kamel, Gehan

    2015-11-01

    A novel series of 2-pyrazoline derivatives 13a-l was synthesized via aldol condensation of 4-substituted acetophenones with appropriately substituted aldehydes followed by cyclization of the formed chalcones with 4-hydrazinobenzenesulfonamide hydrochloride. The chemical structures of the target pyrazoline derivatives were proved by means of IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, mass spectroscopy and elemental analyses data. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their cyclooxygenase selectivity, anti-inflammatory and ulcerogenic liability. While compounds 13e, 13h and 13i showed moderate COX-2 selectivity in vitro and good anti-inflammatory activity in vivo, compound 13i showed the highest anti-inflammatory activity that is very close in potency to the reference drug (celecoxib) with better gastric profile than celecoxib. PMID:25904239

  2. A new europium(III) complex containing a neutral ligand of 2-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole: Thermal, electrochemical, luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jian; Li, Shuigen; Liao, Weibing; Chen, Yong

    2013-04-01

    A new europium(III) complex i.e. Eu(ECTFBD)3PBI was synthesized, where ECTFBD and PBI are 4-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)-1,1,1-trifluoro-4-oxobutan-2-olate anion and 2-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole, respectively. Its IR, UV-Vis spectra, electrochemical, thermal properties as well as photoluminescent performances in solid state and in CH2Cl2 were investigated. Eu(ECTFBD)3PBI exhibited strong red emission without any emission from ECTFBD and PBI in solid state, but with a very weak emission from ECTFBD in CH2Cl2. We explored this difference of the luminesecences of Eu(ECTFBD)3PBI in solid state and in CH2Cl2 based on the excited triplet energy levels of ECTFBD and PBI.

  3. Experimental and DFT studies on the vibrational and electronic spectra of 2-(1H-Imidazo [4,5-][1,10]phenanthrolin-2-yl)phenol.

    PubMed

    Tang, Tingting; Tang, Guodong; Kou, ShanShan; Zhao, Jianyin; Culnane, Lance F; Zhang, Yu

    2014-01-01

    The compound 2-(1H-Imidazo [4,5-][1,10] phenanthrolin-2-yl) phenol (IPP) was synthesized, followed by structure determination by X-ray diffraction, the results of which agree well with the calculated optimized, lowest energy geometrical structure. Vibrational information was obtained by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy which also agree well with calculations (of harmonic vibration frequencies). The calculations were carried out with density functional theory B3LYP methods using 6-311G(**) and LANL2DZ basis sets. Absorption UV-Vis experiments of IPP in CH3OH solution reveal three maximum peaks at 237.0, 274.0 and 335.0 nm, which are in agreement with calculated electronic transitions using TD-B3LYP/6-311G(**) in CH3OH solution, and agree to a lesser extent with gas-phase calculations. PMID:23988529

  4. Experimental and DFT studies on the vibrational and electronic spectra of 2-(4,5-phenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl)-phenol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Yunfeng; Tang, Guodong; Tang, Tingting; Culnane, Lance F.; Zhao, Jianyin; Zhang, Yu

    2015-02-01

    The compound 2-(4,5-phenyl-1H-imidazole-2-yl-phenol (PIP) was synthesized, followed by structure determination by X-ray diffraction, the results of which agree well with the calculated optimized, lowest energy geometrical structure. Vibrational information was obtained by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy which also agree well with calculations (of harmonic vibration frequencies). The calculations were carried out with density functional theory B3LYP methods using 6-311++G** and LANL2DZ basis sets. Absorption UV-Vis experiments of PIP in CH3CH2OH solution reveal three maximum peaks at 245, 292 and 317 nm, which are in agreement with calculated electronic transitions using TD-B3LYP/6-311++G** in CH3CH2OH solution, and agree to the gas-phase calculations.

  5. (1-Methyl-2-(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole) and its three copper complexes: Synthesis, characterization and fluorescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demir, Selçuk; Eren, Bilge; Hołyńska, Małgorzata

    2015-02-01

    (1-Methyl-2-(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazole) (C12H10N2S) (L) ligand and its three copper complexes [(Cu2(L)2I2] (1), [(Cu(L)2X2] (X = Cl- (2), and NO3- (3)) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and IR measurements. The structures of the complexes 1-3 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The complex molecules interact with each other's via weak Csbnd H⋯X hydrogen bonds (X = I for the complex 1, X = Cl for the complex 2 and X = O for the complex 3). Upon excitation with a wavelength of 350 nm at room temperature, free L and complex 1 emit fluorescence at 420 and 560 nm, respectively.

  6. Enhancing the photoluminescence of 1-(naphthalene-1-yl)-2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole anchored to superparamagnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayabharathi, J.; Karunakaran, C.; Kalaiarasi, V.; Ramanathan, P.; Prabhakaran, A.

    2015-01-01

    Synthesis and characterization of 1-(naphthalene-1-yl)-2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole has been carried out by spectral studies. The synthesized phosphated imidazole and phosphated imidazole bound magnetic nanoparticles were characterized using fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The photophysical characteristics of the synthesized phosphated imidazole and phosphated imidazole bound magnetic nanoparticles were investigated by steady-state absorption and emission spectra as well as time resolved fluorometry. The intensities of absorption and emission maxima increase in the following order, phosphated imidazole bound Fe2O3 > phosphated imidazole > imidazole.

  7. Coprates Chasma Landslides in IR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    Today's daytime IR image is of a portion of Coprates Chasma, part of Valles Marineris. As with yesterday's image, this image shows multiple large landslides.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude -8.2, Longitude 300.2 East (59.8 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  8. Xanthe Terra Landslide in IR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    This is a daytime IR image of a chaos region within Xanthe Terra. As with earlier images, the landslide in this image is caused by the failure of steep slopes releasing material to form the landslide deposit.

    Image information: IR instrument. Latitude 3.1, Longitude 309.7 East (50.3 West). 100 meter/pixel resolution.

    Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

    NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  9. Synthesis, crystal structures and theoretical calculations of new 1-[2-(5-chloro-2-benzoxazolinone-3-yl)acetyl]-3,5-diphenyl-4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazoles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gökşen, Umut Salgın; Alpaslan, Yelda Bingöl; Kelekçi, Nesrin Gökhan; Işık, Şamil; Ekizoğlu, Melike

    2013-05-01

    1-[2-(5-Chloro-2-benzoxazolinone-3-yl)acetyl]-3-phenyl-5-(3-methoxyphenyl)-4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazole (5a), 1-[2-(5-chloro-2-benzoxazolinone-3-yl)acetyl]-3-phenyl-5-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazole (5b) and 1-[2-(5-chloro-2-benzoxazolinone-3-yl)acetyl]-3-(4-methylphenyl)-5-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-4,5-dihydro-(1H)-pyrazole (5c) were synthesized. The crystal and molecular structures of the compounds 5a, 5b and 5c were determined by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, ESI-MS and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. DFT method with 6-31G(d,p) basis set was used to calculate the optimized geometrical parameters, vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values. The calculated vibrational frequencies and chemical shift values were compared with experimental IR and 1H NMR values. The results represented that there was a good agreement between experimental and calculated values of the compounds 5a-5c. In addition, DFT calculations of the compounds, molecular electrostatic potentials (MEPs) and frontier molecular orbitals were performed at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. Furthermore, compounds were tested against three Gram-positive bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 (American Type Culture Collection), methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) ATCC 43300 and Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212; two Gram negative bacteria: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853; and three fungi: Candida albicans ATCC 90028, Candida krusei ATCC 6258 and Candida parapsilosis ATCC 90018. In general, all of the compounds were found to be slightly active against tested microorganisms.

  10. I. The synthesis and characterization of annulated uranocenes. II. The variable temperature /sup 1/H NMR of uranocenes

    SciTech Connect

    Luke, W.D.

    1980-01-01

    A general synthetic route to alkyl annulated cyclooctatetraene dianions and the corresponding annulated uranocenes has been developed. Dideprotonation of bicyclooctatrienes, resulting from reaction of cyclooctatetraene dianion with l,n-dialkylbromides or methanesulfonates, affords alkyl annulated cyclooctatetraene dianions in moderate yields. Dicyclopenteno-, bisdimethylcyclopenteno- and dicyclohexenouranocene were prepared from the corresponding cyclooctatetraene dianions and UCl/sub 4/. The structures of dicyclobuteno- and dicyclopentenouranocene were elucidated by single crystal X-ray diffraction, and the effects of annulation on the uranocene skeleton are discussed. Attempted synthesis of benzocyclooctatetraene and a benzannulated uranocene is reported. The variable temperature /sup 1/H NMR spectrum of uranocene has been reinvestigated from -100 to 100/sup 0/C. The isotropic shift was found to be linear in T/sup -1/ with an extrapolated intercept of 0 at T/sup -1/ = 0. Variable temperature /sup 1/H NMR spectra, from -80 to 70/sup 0/C, of 17 substituted uranocenes are reported. The energy barrier to ring rotation in 1,1', 4,4'-tetra-t-butyl-uranocene was determined to be 8.24 +- 0.5 kcal/mole while the barrier in the corresponding 1,1', 3,3'-tetra-t-butylferrocene was determined to be 13.1 kcal/mole. Alkyl substitution is shown to have little effect on the electronic and magnetic properties of the uranocene skeleton, and thus alkyl substituted uranocenes are treated as having effective axial symmetry in analysis of the observed isotropic shifts. Using diannulated uranocenes as model systems an analysis of the contact and pseudocontact components of the observed isotropic shifts in uranocene and alkyl substituted uranocenes is presented.

  11. 10B-editing 1H-detection and 19F MRI strategies to optimize boron neutron capture therapy.

    PubMed

    Capuani, Silvia; Porcari, Paola; Fasano, Fabrizio; Campanella, Renzo; Maraviglia, Bruno

    2008-09-01

    Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a binary radiation therapy used to treat malignant brain tumours. It is based on the nuclear reaction (10B + n th --> [11B*] --> alpha + 7Li + 2.79 MeV) that occurs when 10B captures a thermal neutron to yield alpha particles and recoiling 7Li nuclei, both responsible of tumour cells destruction by short range and high ionization energy release. The clinical success of the therapy depends on the selective accumulation of the 10B carriers in the tumour and on the high thermal neutron capture cross-section of 10B. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods provide the possibility of monitoring, through 10B nuclei, the metabolic and physiological processes suitable to optimize the BNCT procedure. In this study, spatial distribution mapping of borocaptate (BSH) and 4-borono-phenylalanine (BPA), the two boron carriers used in clinical trials, has been obtained. The BSH map in excised rat brain and the 19F-BPA image in vivo rat brain, representative of BPA spatial distribution, were reported. The BSH image was obtained by means of double-resonance 10B-editing 1H-detection sequence, named M-Bend, exploiting the J-coupling interaction between 10B and 1H nuclei. Conversely, the BPA map was obtained by 19F-BPA using 19F-MRI. Both images were obtained at 7 T, in C6 glioma-bearing rat brain. Our results demonstrate the powerful of non conventional MRI techniques to optimize the BNCT procedure. PMID:18486394

  12. Bulk magnetization and 1H NMR spectra of magnetically heterogeneous model systems

    SciTech Connect

    Levin, E. M.; Bud' ko, S. L.

    2011-04-28

    Bulk magnetization and {sup 1}H static and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of two magnetically heterogeneous model systems based on laponite (LAP) layered silicate or polystyrene (PS) with low and high proton concentration, respectively, and ferrimagnetic Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nano- or micro-particles have been studied. In LAP+Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, a major contribution to the NMR signal broadening is due to the dipolar coupling between the magnetic moments of protons and magnetic particles. In PS+Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, due to the higher proton concentration in polystyrene and stronger proton–proton dipolar coupling, an additional broadening is observed, i.e. {sup 1}H MAS NMR spectra of magnetically heterogeneous systems are sensitive to both proton–magnetic particles and proton–proton dipolar couplings. An increase of the volume magnetization by ∼1 emu/cm{sup 3} affects the {sup 1}H NMR signal width in a way that is similar to an increase of the proton concentration by ∼2×10{sup 22}/cm{sup 3}. {sup 1}H MAS NMR spectra, along with bulk magnetization measurements, allow the accurate determination of the hydrogen concentration in magnetically heterogeneous systems.

  13. NMR resonance splitting of urea in stretched hydrogels: proton exchange and (1)H/(2)H isotopologues.

    PubMed

    Kuchel, Philip W; Naumann, Christoph; Chapman, Bogdan E; Shishmarev, Dmitry; Håkansson, Pär; Bacskay, George; Hush, Noel S

    2014-10-01

    Urea at ∼12 M in concentrated gelatin gel, that was stretched, gave (1)H and (2)H NMR spectral splitting patterns that varied in a predictable way with changes in the relative proportions of (1)H2O and (2)H2O in the medium. This required consideration of the combinatorics of the two amide groups in urea that have a total of four protonation/deuteration sites giving rise to 16 different isotopologues, if all the atoms were separately identifiable. The rate constant that characterized the exchange of the protons with water was estimated by back-transformation analysis of 2D-EXSY spectra. There was no (1)H NMR spectral evidence that the chiral gelatin medium had caused in-equivalence in the protons bonded to each amide nitrogen atom. The spectral splitting patterns in (1)H and (2)H NMR spectra were accounted for by intra-molecular scalar and dipolar interactions, and quadrupolar interactions with the electric field gradients of the gelatin matrix, respectively. PMID:25241007

  14. 1H and 13C solid-state NMR of Gossypium barbadense (Pima) cotton

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, R. E.; French, Alfred D.; Gamble, Gary R.; Himmelsbach, David S.; Stipanovic, Robert D.; Thibodeaux, Devron P.; Wakelyn, Phillip J.; Dybowski, C.

    2008-04-01

    The interaction of water with cellulose and its influence on the nuclear spin dynamics in Gossypium barbadense (Pima) cotton were investigated by 1H and 13C solid-state NMR techniques. 1H spin diffusion results from a Goldman-Shen experiment indicate that the water is multilayered. 1H MAS experiments provide evidence of a range of correlation times for the water, indicative of molecular motion ranging from restricted to relatively mobile. The 1H spin-lattice relaxation time varies with water content and is different for static and MAS conditions. By coupling the Goldman-Shen sequence with 13C CP/MAS, cross-polarization from the molecularly mobile water protons distributes magnetization throughout the cellulose (as opposed to enhancing 13C resonances from only the crystalline or the amorphous domains or from only the surface of the cellulose). However, spatial localization of the combined Goldman-Shen- 13C CP/MAS experiment using both short mixing and contact times yields a spectrum consistent with predominantly the I β polymorph of cellulose. Longer mixing times and the same, short contact time yield a spectrum that is indicative of an increased I α polymorph content in the crystallite interiors relative to the smaller values found with short mixing times.

  15. Antifungal properties of wheat histones (H1-H4) and purified wheat histone H1

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Wheat (Triticum sp.) histones H1, H2, H3, and H4 were extracted. H1 was further purified. Their activities against fungi with varying degrees of wheat pathogenicity were determined. They included Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, F. oxysporum, F. verticillioides, F. solani, F. graminearu...

  16. On the measurement of 15N-{1H} nuclear Overhauser effects.

    PubMed

    Ferrage, Fabien; Piserchio, Andrea; Cowburn, David; Ghose, Ranajeet

    2008-06-01

    Accurate quantification of the 15N-{1H} steady-state NOE is central to current methods for the elucidation of protein backbone dynamics on the fast, sub-nanosecond time scale. This experiment is highly susceptible to systematic errors arising from multiple sources. The nature of these errors and their effects on the determined NOE ratio is evaluated by a detailed analysis of the spin dynamics during the pair of experiments used to measure this ratio and possible improvements suggested. The experiment that includes 1H irradiation, is analyzed in the framework of Average Liouvillian Theory and a modified saturation scheme that generates a stable steady-state and eliminates the need to completely saturate 1H nuclei is presented. The largest source of error, however, in 1H-dilute systems at ultra-high fields is found to be an overestimation of the steady-state NOE value as a consequence of the incomplete equilibration of the magnetization in the so-called "reference experiment". The use of very long relaxation delays is usually an effective, but time consuming, solution. Here, we introduce an alternative reference experiment, designed for larger, deuterated systems, that uses the fastest relaxing component of the longitudinal magnetization as a closer approximation to the equilibrium state for shorter relaxation delays. The utility of the modified approach is illustrated through simulations on realistic spin systems over a wide range of time scales and experimentally verified using a perdeuterated sample of human ubiquitin. PMID:18417394

  17. Aminosilanes derived from 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione

    SciTech Connect

    Palomo-Molina, Juliana; García-Báez, Efrén V.; Pineda-Urbina, Kayim; Ramos-Organillo, Angel

    2015-08-12

    In two trimethylsilyl-substituted 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thiones, noncovalent C—H⋯π interactions between the centroid of the benzmidazole system and the SiMe{sub 3} groups form helicoidal arrangements in one, and dimerization results in the formation of R{sub s} {sup 2}(8) rings via N—H⋯S interactions, along with parallel π–π interactions between imidazole and benzene rings, in the second compound. Two new molecular structures, namely 1,3-bis(trimethylsilyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione, C{sub 13}H{sub 22}N{sub 2}SSi{sub 2}, (2), and 1-trimethylsilyl-1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione, C{sub 10}H{sub 14}N{sub 2}SSi, (3), are reported. Both systems were derived from 1H-benzimidazole-2(3H)-thione. Noncovalent C—H⋯π interactions between the centroid of the benzmidazole system and the SiMe{sub 3} groups form helicoidal arrangements in (2). Dimerization of (3) results in the formation of R{sub 2}{sup 2}(8) rings via N—H⋯S interactions, along with parallel π–π interactions between imidazole and benzene rings.

  18. Ammonium Trifluoroacetate-Mediated Synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones

    PubMed Central

    Raju, Chandran; Uma, R.; Madhaiyan, Kalaipriya; Sridhar, Radhakrishnan; Ramakrishna, Seeram

    2011-01-01

    A simple and economic synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using ammonium trifluoroacetate as catalyst and as solid support is accomplished. Easy workup procedure for the synthesis of title compounds is well arrived at and is well documented. PMID:24052820

  19. Mutation screen reveals novel variants and expands the phenotypes associated with DYNC1H1.

    PubMed

    Strickland, Alleene V; Schabhüttl, Maria; Offenbacher, Hans; Synofzik, Matthis; Hauser, Natalie S; Brunner-Krainz, Michaela; Gruber-Sedlmayr, Ursula; Moore, Steven A; Windhager, Reinhard; Bender, Benjamin; Harms, Matthew; Klebe, Stephan; Young, Peter; Kennerson, Marina; Garcia, Avencia Sanchez Mejias; Gonzalez, Michael A; Züchner, Stephan; Schule, Rebecca; Shy, Michael E; Auer-Grumbach, Michaela

    2015-09-01

    Dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1 (DYNC1H1) encodes a necessary subunit of the cytoplasmic dynein complex, which traffics cargo along microtubules. Dominant DYNC1H1 mutations are implicated in neural diseases, including spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity dominance (SMA-LED), intellectual disability with neuronal migration defects, malformations of cortical development, and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 2O. We hypothesized that additional variants could be found in these and novel motoneuron and related diseases. Therefore, we analyzed our database of 1024 whole exome sequencing samples of motoneuron and related diseases for novel single nucleotide variations. We filtered these results for significant variants, which were further screened using segregation analysis in available family members. Analysis revealed six novel, rare, and highly conserved variants. Three of these are likely pathogenic and encompass a broad phenotypic spectrum with distinct disease clusters. Our findings suggest that DYNC1H1 variants can cause not only lower, but also upper motor neuron disease. It thus adds DYNC1H1 to the growing list of spastic paraplegia related genes in microtubule-dependent motor protein pathways. PMID:26100331

  20. Molecular Structures from [superscript 1]H NMR Spectra: Education Aided by Internet Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debska, Barbara; Guzowska-Swider, Barbara

    2007-01-01

    The article presents the way in which freeware Internet programs can be applied to teach [superscript 1]H NMR spectroscopy. The computer programs described in this article are part of the educational curriculum that explores spectroscopy and spectra interpretation. (Contains 6 figures.)

  1. Applications of quantitative 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy in drug analysis.

    PubMed

    Pieters, L A; Vlietinck, A J

    1989-01-01

    The usefulness of 1H and 13C Fourier transform (FT) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H- and 13C-NMR) as quantitative methods stems from the potential direct relationship between the area under an NMR peak and the number of the particular type of nuclei that give rise to the signal, though it is necessary, especially for quantitative 13C-NMR, to take some precautions. The experimental limitations that have to be overcome in order to obtain quantitative 13C-NMR spectra are associated with the relaxation time, the nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE), and the NMR instrument itself (filter characteristics, power level of the exciting pulse, dynamic range, digital resolution). Practical problems aside, 13C-NMR has a greater potential than 1H-NMR for the study of organic systems. The sensitivity of 13C chemical shifts to small differences in molecular environment, coupled with a large chemical shift range, gives a "chromatographic" separation of resonances of interest, and has made 13C-NMR an attractive method for analysing complex mixtures. Some applications of quantitative 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy in drug analysis are discussed. PMID:2490526

  2. Synthesis of stereospecifically deuterated desoxypodophyllotoxins and 1H-nmr assignment of desoxypodophyllotoxin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pullockaran, A. J.; Kingston, D. G.; Lewis, N. G.

    1989-01-01

    [4 beta- 2H1]Desoxypodophyllotoxin [3], [4 alpha- 2H1]desoxypodophyllotoxin [4], and [4, 4- 2 H2]desoxypodophyllotoxin [9] were prepared from podophyllotoxin [1] via its chloride [5]. A complete assignment of the 1H-nmr spectrum of desoxypodophyllotoxin [2] was made on the basis of the spectra of the deuterated compounds [3] and [4].

  3. Tautomerism and 1H and 13C NMR assignment of methyl derivatives of 9-hydroxyphenalenone.

    PubMed

    Honeyman, Brian; Spalding, Charles; Jensen, Dell; Haddon, Robert C

    2005-12-01

    9-Hydroxyphenalenone is a planar multicyclic beta-keto-enol that demonstrates C2V symmetry on the NMR timescale. Off-axis substitution breaks the molecular symmetry and results in tautomers. 1H and 13C NMR assignments were made for 9-hydroxyphenalenone and three methyl derivatives, and the solution-phase tautomers were determined. PMID:16144025

  4. Documentation of ice shapes on the main rotor of a UH-1H helicopter in hover

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, J. D.; Harding, R.; Palko, R. L.

    1984-01-01

    A helicopter icing flight test program in the hover mode was conducted with a UH-1H aircraft. The ice formations were documented after landing by means of silicone rubber molds, stereo photography and outline tracings for later use in aerodynamic analyses. The documentation techniques are described and the results presented for a typical flight.

  5. 32 CFR 1630.15 - Class 1-H: Registrant not subject to processing for induction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for induction. 1630.15 Section 1630.15 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense... induction. In Class 1-H shall be placed any registrant who is not eligible for Class 1-A and is not currently subject to processing for induction....

  6. 32 CFR 1630.15 - Class 1-H: Registrant not subject to processing for induction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for induction. 1630.15 Section 1630.15 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense... induction. In Class 1-H shall be placed any registrant who is not eligible for Class 1-A and is not currently subject to processing for induction....

  7. 32 CFR 1630.15 - Class 1-H: Registrant not subject to processing for induction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for induction. 1630.15 Section 1630.15 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense... induction. In Class 1-H shall be placed any registrant who is not eligible for Class 1-A and is not currently subject to processing for induction....

  8. 32 CFR 1630.15 - Class 1-H: Registrant not subject to processing for induction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for induction. 1630.15 Section 1630.15 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense... induction. In Class 1-H shall be placed any registrant who is not eligible for Class 1-A and is not currently subject to processing for induction....

  9. 32 CFR 1630.15 - Class 1-H: Registrant not subject to processing for induction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for induction. 1630.15 Section 1630.15 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense... induction. In Class 1-H shall be placed any registrant who is not eligible for Class 1-A and is not currently subject to processing for induction....

  10. NMR profiling of biomolecules at natural abundance using 2D 1H-15N and 1H-13C multiplicity-separated (MS) HSQC spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Kang; Freedberg, Darón I.; Keire, David A.

    2015-02-01

    2D NMR 1H-X (X = 15N or 13C) HSQC spectra contain cross-peaks for all XHn moieties. Multiplicity-edited1H-13C HSQC pulse sequences generate opposite signs between peaks of CH2 and CH/CH3 at a cost of lower signal-to-noise due to the 13C T2 relaxation during an additional 1/1JCH period. Such CHn-editing experiments are useful in assignment of chemical shifts and have been successfully applied to small molecules and small proteins (e.g. ubiquitin) dissolved in deuterated solvents where, generally, peak overlap is minimal. By contrast, for larger biomolecules, peak overlap in 2D HSQC spectra is unavoidable and peaks with opposite phases cancel each other out in the edited spectra. However, there is an increasing need for using NMR to profile biomolecules at natural abundance dissolved in water (e.g., protein therapeutics) where NMR experiments beyond 2D are impractical. Therefore, the existing 2D multiplicity-edited HSQC methods must be improved to acquire data on nuclei other than 13C (i.e.15N), to resolve more peaks, to reduce T2 losses and to accommodate water suppression approaches. To meet these needs, a multiplicity-separated1H-X HSQC (MS-HSQC) experiment was developed and tested on 500 and 700 MHz NMR spectrometers equipped with room temperature probes using RNase A (14 kDa) and retroviral capsid (26 kDa) proteins dissolved in 95% H2O/5% D2O. In this pulse sequence, the 1/1JXH editing-period is incorporated into the semi-constant time (semi-CT) X resonance chemical shift evolution period, which increases sensitivity, and importantly, the sum and the difference of the interleaved 1JXH-active and the 1JXH-inactive HSQC experiments yield two separate spectra for XH2 and XH/XH3. Furthermore we demonstrate improved water suppression using triple xyz-gradients instead of the more widely used z-gradient only water-suppression approach.

  11. High resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance of a transmembrane peptide.

    PubMed

    Davis, J H; Auger, M; Hodges, R S

    1995-11-01

    Although the strong 1H-1H dipolar interaction is known to result in severe homogeneous broadening of the 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of ordered systems, in the fluid phase of biological and model membranes the rapid, axially symmetric reorientation of the molecules about the local bilayer normal projects the dipolar interaction onto the motional symmetry axis. Because the linewidth then scales as (3 cos2 theta-1)/2, where theta is the angle between the local bilayer normal and the magnetic field, the dipolar broadening has been reduced to an "inhomogeneous" broadening by the rapid axial reorientation. It is then possible to obtain high resolution 1H-NMR spectra of membrane components by using magic angle spinning (MAS). Although the rapid axial reorientation effectively eliminates the homogeneous dipolar broadening, including that due to n = 0 rotational resonances, the linewidths observed in both lipids and peptides are dominated by low frequency motions. For small peptides the most likely slow motions are either a "wobble" or reorientation of the molecular diffusion axis relative to the local bilayer normal, or the reorientation of the local bilayer normal itself through surface undulations or lateral diffusion over the curved surface. These motions render the peptide 1H-NMR lines too broad to be observed at low spinning speeds. However, the linewidths due to these slow motions are very sensitive to spinning rate, so that at higher speeds the lines become readily visible. The synthetic amphiphilic peptide K2GL20K2A-amide (peptide-20) has been incorporated into bilayers of 1,2-di-d 27-myristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC-d54) and studied by high speed 1H-MAS-NMR. The linewidths observed for this transbilayer peptide, although too broad to be observable at spinning rates below -5 kHz, are reduced to 68 Hz at a spinning speed of 14 kHz (at 500C). Further improvements in spinning speed and modifications in sample composition designed to reduce the effectiveness of the slow motions responsible for the linewidth should result in significant further reduction in peptide linewidths. With this technique, there is now the potential for the use of 1H-MAS-NMR for the study of conformation, folding, and dynamics of small membrane peptides and protein fragments. PMID:8580335

  12. High resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance of a transmembrane peptide.

    PubMed Central

    Davis, J. H.; Auger, M.; Hodges, R. S.

    1995-01-01

    Although the strong 1H-1H dipolar interaction is known to result in severe homogeneous broadening of the 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of ordered systems, in the fluid phase of biological and model membranes the rapid, axially symmetric reorientation of the molecules about the local bilayer normal projects the dipolar interaction onto the motional symmetry axis. Because the linewidth then scales as (3 cos2 theta-1)/2, where theta is the angle between the local bilayer normal and the magnetic field, the dipolar broadening has been reduced to an "inhomogeneous" broadening by the rapid axial reorientation. It is then possible to obtain high resolution 1H-NMR spectra of membrane components by using magic angle spinning (MAS). Although the rapid axial reorientation effectively eliminates the homogeneous dipolar broadening, including that due to n = 0 rotational resonances, the linewidths observed in both lipids and peptides are dominated by low frequency motions. For small peptides the most likely slow motions are either a "wobble" or reorientation of the molecular diffusion axis relative to the local bilayer normal, or the reorientation of the local bilayer normal itself through surface undulations or lateral diffusion over the curved surface. These motions render the peptide 1H-NMR lines too broad to be observed at low spinning speeds. However, the linewidths due to these slow motions are very sensitive to spinning rate, so that at higher speeds the lines become readily visible. The synthetic amphiphilic peptide K2GL20K2A-amide (peptide-20) has been incorporated into bilayers of 1,2-di-d 27-myristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC-d54) and studied by high speed 1H-MAS-NMR. The linewidths observed for this transbilayer peptide, although too broad to be observable at spinning rates below -5 kHz, are reduced to 68 Hz at a spinning speed of 14 kHz (at 500C). Further improvements in spinning speed and modifications in sample composition designed to reduce the effectiveness of the slow motions responsible for the linewidth should result in significant further reduction in peptide linewidths. With this technique, there is now the potential for the use of 1H-MAS-NMR for the study of conformation, folding, and dynamics of small membrane peptides and protein fragments. PMID:8580335

  13. Effect of IR laser on myoblasts: a proteomic study.

    PubMed

    Monici, Monica; Cialdai, Francesca; Ranaldi, Francesco; Paoli, Paolo; Boscaro, Francesca; Moneti, Gloriano; Caselli, Anna

    2013-06-01

    Laser therapy is used in physical medicine and rehabilitation to accelerate muscle recovery and in sports medicine to prevent damages produced by metabolic disturbances and inflammatory reactions after heavy exercise. The aim of this research was to get insight into possible benefits deriving from the application of an advanced IR laser system to counteract deficits of muscle energy metabolism and stimulate the recovery of hypotrophic tissue. We studied the effect of IR laser treatment on proliferation, differentiation, cytoskeleton organization and global protein expression in C2C12 myoblasts. We found that laser treatment induced a decrease in the cell proliferation rate without affecting cell viability, while leading to cytoskeletal rearrangement and expression of the early differentiation marker MyoD. The differential proteome analysis revealed the up-regulation and/or modulation of many proteins known to be involved in cell cycle regulation, cytoskeleton organization and differentiation. PMID:23364335

  14. High-velocity Wind from IRS 1 in the NGC 2071IR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trinidad, Miguel Angel

    2015-10-01

    We present the results of 1.3 and 3.6 cm radio continuum emission toward the NGC 2071IR star-forming region, carried out with the VLA in its A configuration. We detect continuum emission toward the infrared sources IRS 1 and IRS 3 at both wavelengths. In particular, IRS 1 breaks up into three continuum peaks (IRS 1E, 1C, and 1W), aligned in the east-west direction, being IRS 1 the central source. The morphology of the condensation IRS 1W is very interesting, which has an elongated structure and shows a significant curvature towards the north. We suggest that this morphology could be explained as the impact of a high-velocity wind or jetlike outflow from IRS 1 on a close companion or other obstruction, which also explains the strong water maser emission observed toward IRS 1W.

  15. Ir Spectra of Cold Protonated Methane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asvany, Oskar; Yamada, Koichi MT; Brünken, Sandra; Potapov, Alexey; Schlemmer, Stephan

    2015-06-01

    High-resolution infrared spectra of mass selected protonated methane, CH_5^+, have been recorded in the C-H stretching region in a 22-pole ion trap experiment at low temperatures. The frequencies of the infrared OPO system (pump and signal) have been calibrated using a NIR frequency comb. As a result the ro-vibrational IR transition frequencies of CH_5^+ could be determined to an accuracy in the MHz regime. In this contribution we discuss different techniques of laser induced reactions which enabled recording spectra at different temperatures. The spectra simplify dramatically at a nominal trap temperature of 4~K. Nevertheless an assignment of these spectra is very difficult. We apply the idea of the Rydberg-Ritz combination principle to the complex spectra of protonated methane in order to get first hints at the energy level structure of this enigmatic molecule. O. Asvany, J. Krieg, and S. Schlemmer, Frequency comb assisted mid-infrared spectroscopy of cold molecular ions, Review of Scientific Instruments, 83 (2012), 076102. O. Asvany, S. Brünken, L. Kluge, and S. Schlemmer, COLTRAP: a 22-pole ion trapping machine for spectroscopy at 4 K, Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics, 114 (2014), 203-211

  16. 1H-13C NMR-based urine metabolic profiling in autism spectrum disorders.

    PubMed

    Mavel, Sylvie; Nadal-Desbarats, Lydie; Blasco, Hélène; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique; Barthélémy, Catherine; Montigny, Frédéric; Sarda, Pierre; Laumonnier, Frédéric; Vourc'h, Patrick; Andres, Christian R; Emond, Patrick

    2013-09-30

    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of developmental disorders caused by environmental and genetic factors. Diagnosis is based on behavioral and developmental signs detected before 3 years of age with no reliable biological marker. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential use of a 2D NMR-based approach to express the global biochemical signature of autistic individuals compared to normal controls. This technique has greater spectral resolution than to 1D (1)H NMR spectroscopy, which is limited by overlapping signals. The urinary metabolic profiles of 30 autistic and 28 matched healthy children were obtained using a (1)H-(13)C NMR-based approach. The data acquired were processed by multivariate orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Some discriminating metabolites were identified: β-alanine, glycine, taurine and succinate concentrations were significatively higher, and creatine and 3-methylhistidine concentrations were lower in autistic children than in controls. We also noted differences in several other metabolites that were unidentified but characterized by a cross peak correlation in (1)H-(13)C HSQC. Statistical models of (1)H and (1)H-(13)C analyses were compared and only 2D spectra allowed the characterization of statistically relevant changes [R(2)Y(cum)=0.78 and Q(2)(cum)=0.60] in the low abundance metabolites. This method has the potential to contribute to the diagnosis of neurodevelopment disorders but needs to be validated on larger cohorts and on other developmental disorders to define its specificity. PMID:23953447

  17. MTR and In-vivo 1H-MRS studies on mouse brain with parkinson's disease

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoon, Moon-Hyun; Kim, Hyeon-Jin; Chung, Jin-Yeung; Doo, Ah-Reum; Park, Hi-Joon; Kim, Seung-Nam; Choe, Bo-Young

    2012-12-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether the changes in the magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) histogram are related to specific characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) and to investigate whether the MTR histogram parameters are associated with neurochemical dysfunction by performing in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). MTR and in vivo 1H-MRS studies were performed on control mice (n = 10) and 1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine intoxicated mice (n = 10). All the MTR and in vivo 1H-MRS experiments were performed on a 9.4 T MRI/MRS system (Bruker Biospin, Germany) using a standard head coil. The protondensity fast spin echo (FSE) images and the T2-weighted spin echo (SE) images were acquired with no gap. Outer volume suppression (OVS), combined with the ultra-short echo-time stimulated echo acquisition mode (STEAM), was used for the localized in-vivo 1H-MRS. The quantitative analysis of metabolites was performed from the 1H spectra obtained in vivo on the striatum (ST) by using jMRUI (Lyon, France). The peak height of the MTR histograms in the PD model group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p < 0.05). The midbrain MTR values for volume were lower in the PD group than the control group(p < 0.05). The complex peak (Glx: glutamine+glutamate+ GABA)/creatine (Cr) ratio of the right ST in the PD group was significantly increased as compared to that of the control group. The present study revealed that the peak height of the MTR histogram was significantly decreased in the ST and substantia nigra, and a significant increase in the Gl x /Cr ratio was found in the ST of the PD group, as compared with that of the control group. These findings could reflect the early phase of neuronal dysfunction of neurotransmitters.

  18. Novel mutations expand the clinical spectrum of DYNC1H1-associated spinal muscular atrophy

    PubMed Central

    Scoto, Mariacristina; Rossor, Alexander M.; Harms, Matthew B.; Cirak, Sebahattin; Calissano, Mattia; Robb, Stephanie; Manzur, Adnan Y.; Martínez Arroyo, Amaia; Rodriguez Sanz, Aida; Mansour, Sahar; Fallon, Penny; Hadjikoumi, Irene; Klein, Andrea; Yang, Michele; De Visser, Marianne; Overweg-Plandsoen, W.C.G. (Truus); Baas, Frank; Taylor, J. Paul; Benatar, Michael; Connolly, Anne M.; Al-Lozi, Muhammad T.; Nixon, John; de Goede, Christian G.E.L.; Foley, A. Reghan; Mcwilliam, Catherine; Pitt, Matthew; Sewry, Caroline; Phadke, Rahul; Hafezparast, Majid; Chong, W.K. “Kling”; Mercuri, Eugenio; Baloh, Robert H.; Reilly, Mary M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To expand the clinical phenotype of autosomal dominant congenital spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) due to mutations in the dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1 (DYNC1H1) gene. Methods: Patients with a phenotype suggestive of a motor, non–length-dependent neuronopathy predominantly affecting the lower limbs were identified at participating neuromuscular centers and referred for targeted sequencing of DYNC1H1. Results: We report a cohort of 30 cases of SMA-LED from 16 families, carrying mutations in the tail and motor domains of DYNC1H1, including 10 novel mutations. These patients are characterized by congenital or childhood-onset lower limb wasting and weakness frequently associated with cognitive impairment. The clinical severity is variable, ranging from generalized arthrogryposis and inability to ambulate to exclusive and mild lower limb weakness. In many individuals with cognitive impairment (9/30 had cognitive impairment) who underwent brain MRI, there was an underlying structural malformation resulting in polymicrogyric appearance. The lower limb muscle MRI shows a distinctive pattern suggestive of denervation characterized by sparing and relative hypertrophy of the adductor longus and semitendinosus muscles at the thigh level, and diffuse involvement with relative sparing of the anterior-medial muscles at the calf level. Proximal muscle histopathology did not always show classic neurogenic features. Conclusion: Our report expands the clinical spectrum of DYNC1H1-related SMA-LED to include generalized arthrogryposis. In addition, we report that the neurogenic peripheral pathology and the CNS neuronal migration defects are often associated, reinforcing the importance of DYNC1H1 in both central and peripheral neuronal functions. PMID:25609763

  19. Translational diffusion in paramagnetic liquids by 1H NMR relaxometry: Nitroxide radicals in solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kruk, D.; Korpała, A.; Kubica, A.; Meier, R.; Rössler, E. A.; Moscicki, J.

    2013-01-01

    For nitroxide radicals in solution one can identify three frequency regimes in which 1H spin-lattice relaxation rate of solvent molecules depend linearly on square root of the 1H resonance frequency. Combining a recently developed theory of nuclear (proton) spin-lattice relaxation in solutions of nitroxide radicals [D. Kruk et al., J. Chem. Phys. 137, 044512 (2012)], 10.1063/1.4736854 with properties of the spectral density function associated with translational dynamics, relationships between the corresponding linear changes of the relaxation rate (for 14N spin probes) and relative translational diffusion coefficient of the solvent and solute molecules have been derived (in analogy to 15N spin probes [E. Belorizky et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 3674 (1998)], 10.1021/jp980397h). This method allows a simple and straightforward determination of diffusion coefficients in spin-labeled systems, by means of 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxometry. The approach has thoroughly been tested by applying to a large set of experimental data—1H spin-lattice relaxation dispersion results for solutions of different viscosity (decalin, glycerol, propylene glycol) of 14N and 15N spin probes. The experiments have been performed versus temperature (to cover a broad range of translational diffusion coefficients) using field cycling spectrometer which covers three decades in 1H resonance frequency, 10 kHz-20 MHz. The limitations of NMR relaxometry caused by the time scale of the translational dynamics as well as electron spin relaxation have been discussed. It has been shown that for spin-labeled systems NMR relaxometry gives access to considerably faster diffusion processes than for diamagnetic systems.

  20. Natural attenuation of oil spills in Patagonian soils. Characterization by 1H NMR spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Ríos, S M; Nudelman, N S

    2008-01-01

    The natural attenuation of oil spill contaminated soils, with different exposure times, in Patagonian environment was evaluated by the use of several parameters to quantify the degree of changes in the composition. Column (CC) and gas chromatography (GC); UV-visible and 1H NMR techniques were used to determine compositional and structural indexes. The results show that the nC18/Phytane GC index, that was 1.5 for crude oil, decreased with exposure time to values between 0.97-0.17 in the residues. The percentages for the four aliphatic (H1-H4) and the aromatic (H(A)), proton types, determined by 1H NMR, were: 12.9-34.4 (H1), 43.3-60.2 (H2), 4.24-24.2 (H), 1.33-17.9 (H4), and 0.44-4.81 (HA), in crude oil and residues, respectively. Furthermore, the characterization of significant 1H NMR signals indicated the presence of carboxylic acid hydrogens in the polar fraction of the crude oil and of residues of two years age. The Principal Components Analysis (PCA) of the parameters determined by CC, GC and NMR showed that the first three principal components (1st, 2nd, and 3 rd PC), accounted for more than 84% of variance. The 1st PC is largely influenced by H, H,, H, H, and the nC,,/Phytane GC parameter, in the order given. The evaluation of the different parameters by PCA suggests that 1H NMR is more useful than GC to evaluate the degree of the chemical transformations of oil spills in soils PMID:18610542

  1. Identification of Lactam-Lactim Tautomers of Aromatic Heterocycles in Aqueous Solution Using 2D IR Spectroscopy

    PubMed Central

    Peng, Chunte Sam; Tokmakoff, Andrei

    2012-01-01

    The tautomerism of aromatic heterocycles is of great interest because it directly affects their chemical properties and biological function. The tautomerism of 2-pyridone, 6-chloro-2-pyridone, and 4-pyrimidinone have been examined in D2O using FTIR, two-dimensional IR (2D IR) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Using the 2D IR cross-peak patterns, the lactim tautomer of 6-chloro-2-pyridone was separated from the lactam tautomer, and its population was observed to increase with temperature. The equilibrium constant of [lac-tam]/[lactim] was determined to be 2.1 at room temperature for 6-chloro-2-pyridone. Similarly, the N1H and N3H lactam tautomers of 4-pyrimidinone were identified with 2D IR. To assign the vibrational modes of different tautomers, DFT calculations of these chemical species were performed with explicit water molecules, and the hydration effects on the vibrational frequencies and intensities were established. PMID:23227298

  2. Structure elucidation of ?-cyclodextrinxylazine complex by a combination of quantitative 1H1H ROESY and molecular dynamics studies

    PubMed Central

    Fatma, Kehkeshan; Dhokale, Snehal

    2013-01-01

    Summary The complexation of xylazine with ?-cyclodextrin was studied in aqueous medium. 1H NMR titrations confirmed the formation of a 1:1 inclusion complex. A ROESY spectrum was recorded with long mixing time which contained TOCSY artifacts. It only confirmed the presence of xylazine aromatic ring in the ?-cyclodextrin cavity. No information regarding the mode of penetration, from the wide or narrow side, could be obtained. We calculated the peak intensity ratio from the inter-proton distances for the most stable conformations obtained by molecular dynamics studies in vacuum. The results show that highly accurate structural information can be deduced efficiently by the combined use of quantitative ROESY and molecular dynamics analysis. On the other hand, a ROESY spectrum with no spin diffusion can only compliment an averaged ensemble conformation obtained by molecular dynamics which is generally considered ambiguous. PMID:24204401

  3. Strong-Field Physics with Mid-IR Fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolter, Benjamin; Pullen, Michael G.; Baudisch, Matthias; Sclafani, Michele; Hemmer, Michaël; Senftleben, Arne; Schröter, Claus Dieter; Ullrich, Joachim; Moshammer, Robert; Biegert, Jens

    2015-04-01

    Strong-field physics is currently experiencing a shift towards the use of mid-IR driving wavelengths. This is because they permit conducting experiments unambiguously in the quasistatic regime and enable exploiting the effects related to ponderomotive scaling of electron recollisions. Initial measurements taken in the mid-IR immediately led to a deeper understanding of photoionization and allowed a discrimination among different theoretical models. Ponderomotive scaling of rescattering has enabled new avenues towards time-resolved probing of molecular structure. Essential for this paradigm shift was the convergence of two experimental tools: (1) intense mid-IR sources that can create high-energy photons and electrons while operating within the quasistatic regime and (2) detection systems that can detect the generated high-energy particles and image the entire momentum space of the interaction in full coincidence. Here, we present a unique combination of these two essential ingredients, namely, a 160-kHz mid-IR source and a reaction microscope detection system, to present an experimental methodology that provides an unprecedented three-dimensional view of strong-field interactions. The system is capable of generating and detecting electron energies that span a 6 order of magnitude dynamic range. We demonstrate the versatility of the system by investigating electron recollisions, the core process that drives strong-field phenomena, at both low (meV) and high (hundreds of eV) energies. The low-energy region is used to investigate recently discovered low-energy structures, while the high-energy electrons are used to probe atomic structure via laser-induced electron diffraction. Moreover, we present, for the first time, the correlated momentum distribution of electrons from nonsequential double ionization driven by mid-IR pulses.

  4. An automated procedure for the assignment of protein 1HN, 15N, 13C alpha, 1H alpha, 13C beta and 1H beta resonances.

    PubMed

    Friedrichs, M S; Mueller, L; Wittekind, M

    1994-09-01

    A computer algorithm that determines the 1HN, 15N, 13C alpha, 1H alpha, 13C beta and 1H beta chemical-shift assignments of protein residues with minimal human intervention is described. The algorithm is implemented as a suite of macros that run under a modified version of the FELIX 1.0 program (Hare Research, Bothell, WA). The input to the algorithm is obtained from six multidimensional, triple-resonance experiments: 3D HNCACB, 3D CBCA(CO)HN, 4D HNCAHA, 4D HN(CO)CAHA, 3D HBHA(CO)NH and 3D HNHA(Gly). For small proteins, the two 4D spectra can be replaced by either the 3D HN(CA)HA, 3D H(CA)NNH, or the 15N-edited TOCSY-HSQC experiments. The algorithm begins by identifying and collecting the intraresidue and sequential resonances of the backbone and 13C beta atoms into groups. These groups are sequentially linked and then assigned to residues by matching the 13C alpha and 13C beta chemical-shift profiles of the linked groups to that of the protein's primary structure. A major strength of the algorithm is its ability to overcome imperfect data, e.g., missing or overlapping peaks. The viability of the procedure is demonstrated with two test cases. In the first, NMR data from the six experiments listed above were used to reassign the backbone resonances of the 93-residue human hnRNP C RNA-binding domain. In the second, a simulated cross-peak list, generated from the published NMR assignments of calmodulin, was used to test the ability of the algorithm to assign the backbone resonances of proteins containing internally homologous segments. Finally, the automated method was used to assign the backbone resonances of apokedarcidin, a previously unassigned, 114-residue protein. PMID:7919955

  5. Dust Content in Compact HII Regions (NGC 7538 -- IRS 1, IRS 2, and IRS 3)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akabane, K.; Kuno, N.

    The luminosity of the central star in compact HII regions was estimated from the solid angle of the nearby IR sources subtended at the central star, to be 5 ˜ 10 times as intense as that of the IR sources. The luminosity gives the stellar UV photon rate, Nu(*)(s-1), under the assumption of a single star approximation. For gas of standard dust content, Nu(*) and the observed electron density, ne, provide the dust opacity of the ionizing photons, τSdn, along the optical path to the Strömgren sphere of radius rs. The ionizing photon opacity over the same optical path but with the actual dust content, τSdi, is also derived from Nu(*) and the observed emission measure, ne2(4 π/3)ri3, with ri of the radius of the ionized sphere. A relationship γNu(*)/(4 π ri2)1/2˜= 1.3 × 109 (s-1/2m-1) with γ= τSdi/ τSdn was obtained as an observational trend for the 4 compact HII regions of NGC7538(N). Fourteen selected compact HII regions from the data catalogued by VLA observations were examined for this trend, and a similar result was shown. A confined area within 1050 >= Nu (s-1, radio) >= 1044 and 15 >= γ >= 0.1 was proposed for the location of compact HII regions in their (ne - D) diagram.

  6. Synthesis of Pyrano[3,2-c]pyrazol-7(1H)-one Derivatives by Tandem Cyclization of 2-Diazo-3,5-dioxo-6-ynoates (Ynones).

    PubMed

    Deng, Guisheng; Wang, Feng; Lu, Shengle; Cheng, Bo

    2015-10-01

    The construct of the core of pyrano[3,2-c]pyrazol-7(1H)-one derivatives is realized. The key step includes a tandem cyclization, namely, a metal-free cascade 6-π electrocyclic ring closure-Michael reaction of 2-diazo-3,5-dioxo-6-ynoates (ynones). The cascade reaction cleanly generated the desired products in excellent yields under mild conditions. PMID:26371503

  7. A Green, Expeditious, One-Pot Synthesis of 3, 4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones Using a Mixture of Phosphorus Pentoxide-Methanesulfonic Acid at Ambient Temperature

    PubMed Central

    Borse, Amulrao; Patil, Mahesh; Patil, Nilesh; Shinde, Rohan

    2012-01-01

    An expeditious, one-pot method for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using a mixture of phosphorus pentoxide-methanesulfonic acid (Eaton's reagent) at room temperature under solvent-free conditions is described. The salient features of this method include short reaction time, green aspects, high yields, and simple procedure. PMID:24052843

  8. Vibrational spectra and electronic structure of 3-((1H-pyrrol-1-yl) methyl) naphthalen-2-ol - A computational insight on antioxidant active Mannich base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boobalan, Maria susai; Tamilvendan, D.; Amaladasan, M.; Ramalingam, S.; Venkatesa Prabhu, G.; Bououdina, M.

    2015-02-01

    The 3-((1H-pyrrol-1-yl) methyl) naphthalen-2-ol (IFTN) is a class of synthesized organic Mannich base compound having antioxidant property of biological importance. A meticulous normal mode vibrational analysis has been carried out by comparing and contrasting the experimentally recorded FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra with simulated spectra of IFTN. Similarly the calculated 1H and 13C NMR of IFTN were correlated with experimental findings to understand the shielding and deshielding nature hold in it. The following other electronic structure properties were calculated such as equilibrium geometrical parameters, natural bond orbital analysis (NBO), frontier molecular orbital (FMO) characterization, statistical thermochemical properties against a range of temperatures and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) imprint was carried out along with various charges such as APT, ESP, Hirshfeld, natural and Mulliken. All these predicted properties unlock the nature of total behavior of IFTN in various dimensions. These could be Lewis, non-Lewis interaction along with their respective energies, contribution of fragmented moieties for various orders of HOMO and LUMO, temperature consequences on enthalpy, entropy, and heat capacity. In addition, the MEP leads to find electrophilic, nucleophilic reactive sites on IFTN molecular surface. The entire computational calculations has been made on HF/6-31+G/6-311++G(d,p) and B3LYP/6-31+G/6-311++G(d,p) model chemistries. A complete electronic structure observation has been achieved by this theoretical analysis.

  9. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and quantum chemical computational studies on 1-acetyl-3,5-di(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ?nkaya, Ersin; Diner, Muharrem; Korkusuz, Elif; Y?ld?r?m, ?smail; Bykgngr, Orhan

    2012-11-01

    The pyrazole compound 1-acetyl-3,5-di(4-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrazole, (C19H18N2O), was characterized by X-ray single crystal diffraction technique, IR-NMR spectroscopy and quantum chemical computational methods as both experimental and theoretically. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C 2/c with a = 32.5334 (1) , b = 5.8060 (1) , c = 23.6519 (8) , ? = 134.572 (2), and Z = 8. The molecular geometry was also optimized using the Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) methods with the 6-311G(d,p) basis set and compared with the experimental data. To determine conformational flexibility, molecular energy profile of the tittle compound was obtained by semi-empirical (AM1) with respect to selected degree of torsional freedom, which was varied from -180 to +180 in steps 10. From the optimized geometry of the molecule, vibrational frequencies, gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift values, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) distribution, non-linear optical properties, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) of the title compound have been calculated in the ground state theoretically. The theoretical result showed good agreement with the experimental values.

  10. Crystal structure and DFT calculations of 5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-1-(6-methoxypyridazin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ala?alvar, Can; Soylu, Mustafa Serkan; nver, Hseyin; Ocak ?skeleli, Nazan; Yildiz, Mustafa; ifti, Murat; Bano?lu, Erden

    2014-11-01

    The title compound, 5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-1-(6-methoxypyridazin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, has been characterized by using elemental analysis, MS, FT-IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopic, and crystallographic techniques. The title compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with a = 9.612(1), b = 9.894(1), c = 17.380(1) , ? = 90.213(5), ? = 104.99(1), ? = 111.072(5), V = 1481.3(2) 3 and Dx = 1.483 g cm-3 respectively. The structure of the compound has also been examined by using quantum chemical methods. The molecular geometry and vibrational frequencies of monomeric and dimeric form of the title compound in the ground state have been calculated by using the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of the theory. The calculated results show that the optimized geometry and the theoretical vibration frequencies of the dimeric form are good agreement with experimental data. In addition, HOMO-LUMO energy gap, molecular electrostatic potential map, thermodynamic properties of the title compound were performed at B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory.

  11. Molecular structure of 4-benzoyl-3-ethylcarboxylate 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-1H-pyrazole: A combined experimental and theoretical study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ?nkaya, Ersin; Diner, Muharrem; Korkusuz, Elif; Y?ld?r?m, ?smail

    2012-04-01

    The title molecule, 4-benzoyl-3-ethylcarboxylate 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-phenyl-1H-pyrazole, (C26H22N2O4), was synthesized and characterized by IR-NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In addition to the molecular geometry from X-ray experiment, the molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies and gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) 1H and 13C NMR chemical shift values of the title compound in the ground state have been calculated using the spin-restricted Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) method with the 6-31G (d, p) basis set, and compared with the experimental data. To determine conformational flexibility, molecular energy profile of the tittle compound was obtained by semi-empirical (AM1) with respect to selected degree of torsional freedom, which was varied from -180 to +180 in steps 10. Besides, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) distribution, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs) and thermodynamic properties of the title molecule were investigated by theoretical calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G (d, p) level.

  12. Theoretical and experimental investigations on molecular structure of 7-Chloro-9-phenyl-2,3-dihydroacridin-4(1H)-one with cytotoxic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satheeshkumar, Rajendran; Shankar, Ramasamy; Kaminsky, Werner; Kalaiselvi, Sivalingam; Padma, Viswanadha Vijaya; Rajendra Prasad, Karnam Jayarampillai

    2016-04-01

    7-Chloro-9-phenyl-2,3-dihydroacridin-4(1H)-one (3) is synthesized from 2-amino-5-chlorobenzophenone (1) and 1,2-cyclohexanedione (2) in the presence of catalyst InCl3. FT-IR, FT-Raman and FT-NMR spectra of molecule 3 have been recorded and the structure was confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction. CDCl3 and DMSO-d6 FT-NMR spectra and 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts have been measured in molecule 3 and calculated at the B3LYP/6-311G (d,p) and MO6-2x/6-311G (d,p) levels of theory. Similarly calculated vibrational frequencies were found in good agreement with experimental findings. The optimized geometry of molecule 3 was compared with experimental XRD values. DFT calculations of the molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) and HOMO - LUMO frontier orbitals identified chemically active sites of molecule 3 responsible for its bioactivity. The title compound, 3 exhibits higher cytotoxicity in Human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) compared to human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549).

  13. Synthesis, spectroscopic and structural characterization of 5-benzoyl-4-phenyl-2-methylthio-1H-pyrimidine with theoretical calculations using density functional theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    İnkaya, Ersin; Dinçer, Muharrem; Şahan, Emine; Yıldırım, İsmail

    2013-10-01

    In this paper, we will report a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the molecular structure and spectroscopic parameters (FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR) of 5-benzoyl-4-phenyl-2-methylthio-1H-pyrimidine. The compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with Z = 2. The molecular geometry was also optimized using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) method with the 6-311G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets in ground state and compared with the experimental data. All the assignments of the theoretical frequencies were performed by potential energy distributions using VEDA 4 program. Information about the size, shape, charge density distribution and site of chemical reactivity of the molecules has been obtained by mapping electron density isosurface with electrostatic potential (ESP). Also, non-linear optical properties of the title compound were performed at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. The theoretical results showed an excellent agreement with the experimental values.

  14. Experimental and DFT study on a newly synthesized ethyl 2-cyano-3-[5-(phenyl-hydrazonomethyl)-1H-pyrrol-2-yl]-acrylate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rawat, Poonam; Singh, R. N.

    2015-02-01

    A newly synthesized ethyl 2-cyano-3-[5-(phenyl-hydrazonomethyl)-1H-pyrrol-2-yl]-acrylate (ECPHPA) has been characterized by experimental measurements. The theoretically calculated results are in accordance with the experimental studies. All calculations have been performed using B3LY/6-31G(d,p) basis set. The oscillatory strength (f) and wavelength of various electronic excitations show π → π∗ nature of transitions. Natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis shows intramolecular conjugative/hyperconjugative interactions within the studied molecule. The result of hydrogen bonding is obvious in 1H NMR, FT-IR and NBO analyses as down field chemical shift, vibrational red shift and π1(C8sbnd N9) → σ∗(N1sbnd H24) interaction, respectively. Global electrophilicity index (ω = 4.80 eV) shows that ECPHPA is a strong electrophile and local reactivity descriptors indicate have reactive sites within molecule and undergo for the formation of various heterocyclic compounds. The first hyperpolarizability (β0) computed found to be 35.76 × 10-30 esu, evaluate the suitability of compound for non-linear optical (NLO) response.

  15. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and crystal structure of 5-bromo-1-(2-cyano-pyridin-4-yl)-1 H-indazole-3-carboxylic acid diethylamide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anuradha, G.; Vasuki, G.; Surendrareddy, G.; Veerareddy, A.; Dubey, P. K.

    2014-07-01

    The title compound 5-bromo-1-(2-cyano-pyridin-4-yl)-1 H-indazole-3-carboxylic acid diethylamide, C18H16BrN5O, is prepared from 5-bromoindazole-3-carboxylic acid methylester. N 1-arylation is carried out with 4-chloro-2-cyanopyridine and the resulting product is converted to diethylamide by reacting with thionyl chloride and diethylamine. The structure is identified from its FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis data and unambiguously confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. There are two symmetry independent molecules in the asymmetric unit with no significant differences in bond lengths and angles. The title compound crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group , with a = 11.2330(2); b = 11.6130(2); c = 15.4710(3) Å, α = 92.515(1)°; β = 109.956(1)°; γ = 107.199(1)°; V = 1788.45(6)Å3 and z = 4. An intramolecular C-H…N hydrogen bond forms an S(6) ring motif in one of the unique molecules. In the crystal, two molecules are linked about a center of inversion by C-H…O hydrogen bonded dimers generating an R {2/2}(16) ring motif. The crystal packing is stabilized by C-H…N, C-H…O hydrogen bonds and π…π stacking interactions.

  16. IR Thermography NDE of ISS Radiator Panels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koshti, Ajay; Winfree, William; Morton, Richard; Wilson, Walter; Reynolds, Gary

    2010-01-01

    The presentation covers an active and a passive infrared (IR) thermography for detection of delaminations in the radiator panels used for the International Space Station (ISS) program. The passive radiator IR data was taken by a NASA astronaut in an extravehicular activity (EVA) using a modified FLIR EVA hand-held camera. The IR data could be successfully analyzed to detect gross facesheet disbonds. The technique used the internal hot fluid tube as the heat source in analyzing the IR data. Some non-flight ISS radiators were inspected using an active technique of IR flash thermography to detect disbond of face sheet with honeycomb core, and debonds in facesheet overlap areas. The surface temperature and radiated heat emission from flight radiators is stable during acquisition of the IR video data. This data was analyzed to detect locations of unexpected surface temperature gradients. The flash thermography data was analyzed using derivative analysis and contrast evolutions. Results of the inspection are provided.

  17. Integrating IR detector imaging systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bailey, G. C. (Inventor)

    1984-01-01

    An integrating IR detector array for imaging is provided in a hybrid circuit with InSb mesa diodes in a linear array, a single J-FET preamplifier for readout, and a silicon integrated circuit multiplexer. Thin film conductors in a fan out pattern deposited on an Al2O3 substrate connect the diodes to the multiplexer, and thick film conductors also connect the reset switch and preamplifier to the multiplexer. Two phase clock pulses are applied with a logic return signal to the multiplexer through triax comprised of three thin film conductors deposited between layers. A lens focuses a scanned image onto the diode array for horizontal read out while a scanning mirror provides vertical scan.

  18. Elaborated 1H NMR study for the ligitional behavior of two thiosemicarbazide derivatives towards some heavy metals (Sn(II), Sb(III), Pb(II) and Bi(III)), thermal, antibacterial and antifungal studies.

    PubMed

    el-Metwaly, Nashwa M; Refat, Moamen S

    2011-10-15

    A new series of heavy metal complexes are prepared. Sn(II), Sb(III), Pb(II) and Bi(III) are the metal ions used in complexation with two thiosemicarbazide ligands. The IR and (1)H NMR spectra of the free ligands display their presence in thiole-thione forms coincide with each other. The IR spectra of the complexes support the presence of 2:2 molar ratio (M:HL) with HL(1) ligand and 1:1 beside 1:2 with HL(2). The ligand coordinates as bi molecules in some complexes and displays two tautomer forms at the same complex molecule (1)H NMR spectra of Sn(II) and Sb(III) complexes were done and comes coincide with IR data. The electronic spectral analysis displays a lower shift appearance in n→π* charge transfer band in most isolated complexes. As well as, a new band is shinned in visible region with Sb(III), Bi(III) complexes and Sn(II)-HL(2). This band is pointed to its use in spectrophotometric analysis for these metal ions. The TG analysis for all isolated compounds was briefly discussed. The molecular modeling parameters support the stability of thiole form of the free ligands in comparing with their thiones by a small difference. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were studied against some organisms and reveal the priority of most investigated complexes. PMID:21767980

  19. Elaborated 1H NMR study for the ligitional behavior of two thiosemicarbazide derivatives towards some heavy metals (Sn(II), Sb(III), Pb(II) and Bi(III)), thermal, antibacterial and antifungal studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Metwaly, Nashwa M.; Refat, Moamen S.

    2011-10-01

    A new series of heavy metal complexes are prepared. Sn(II), Sb(III), Pb(II) and Bi(III) are the metal ions used in complexation with two thiosemicarbazide ligands. The IR and 1H NMR spectra of the free ligands display their presence in thiole-thione forms coincide with each other. The IR spectra of the complexes support the presence of 2:2 molar ratio (M:HL) with HL 1 ligand and 1:1 beside 1:2 with HL 2. The ligand coordinates as bi molecules in some complexes and displays two tautomer forms at the same complex molecule 1H NMR spectra of Sn(II) and Sb(III) complexes were done and comes coincide with IR data. The electronic spectral analysis displays a lower shift appearance in n → π* charge transfer band in most isolated complexes. As well as, a new band is shinned in visible region with Sb(III), Bi(III) complexes and Sn(II)-HL 2. This band is pointed to its use in spectrophotometric analysis for these metal ions. The TG analysis for all isolated compounds was briefly discussed. The molecular modeling parameters support the stability of thiole form of the free ligands in comparing with their thiones by a small difference. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were studied against some organisms and reveal the priority of most investigated complexes.

  20. Infrared, Raman and NMR spectra, conformational stability, normal coordinate analysis and B3LYP calculations of 5-Amino-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carbaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahgat, Khaled; EL-Emary, Talaat

    2013-02-01

    FT Raman and IR spectra of the crystallized biologically active molecule, 5-Amino-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carbaldehyde (5-APHC, C11H11N3O) have been recorded and analyzed. The equilibrium geometry, bonding features and harmonic vibrational frequencies of 5-APHC have been investigated with the help of B3LYP density functional theory (DFT) method with 6-31G(d) and 6-311+G(d,p) as basis set. The calculated molecular geometry has been compared with the experimental data. The assignments of the vibrational spectra have been carried out with the help of normal coordinate analysis (NCA) following the scaled quantum mechanical force field (SQM) technique. The optimized geometry shows the co-planarity of the aldehyde group with pyrazole ring. Potential energy surface (PES) scan studies has also been carried out by ab initio calculations with B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) basis set. The red shifting of NH2 stretching wavenumber indicates the formation of N-H⋯O hydrogen bonding. 1H and 13C NMR spectra were recorded and 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shifts of the molecule were calculated using the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) method. UV-Vis spectrum of the compound was recorded in the region 200-400 nm and the electronic properties HOMO and LUMO energies were calculated by time-dependent TD-DFT approach. Mulliken charges of the 5-APHC molecule was also calculated and interpreted.

  1. Structural and in vitro cytotoxicity studies on 1H-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl-N-phenyl amine and its Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdel Ghani, Nour T.; Mansour, Ahmed M.

    2011-10-01

    [MLCl 2]· zH 2O (L = (1H-benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)-N-phenyl amine; M = Pd, z = 0; M = Pt, z = 1) and [PdL(OH 2) 2]·2X·zH 2O (X = Br, I, NO 3, z = 0; X = SCN, z = 1) complexes were synthesized as potential anticancer compounds and characterized by elemental analysis, spectral and thermal methods. FT-IR and 1H NMR studies revealed that the benzimidazole L is coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridine-type nitrogen (N py) of the benzimidazole ring and secondary amino group (NH sec). Quantum mechanical calculations of energies, geometries, vibrational wavenumbers, and 1H NMR of the benzimidazole L and its complexes were carried out by density functional theory using B3LYP functional combined with 6-31G(d) and LANL2DZ basis sets. Natural bond orbitals (NBOs) and frontier molecular orbitals were performed at B3LYP/LANL2DZ level of theory. The synthesized ligand, in comparison to its metal complexes was screened for its antibacterial activity. The benzimidazole L is more toxic against the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (MIC = 58 μg/mL) than the standard tetracycline (MIC = 82 μg/mL). The complexes showed cytotoxicity against breast cancer, Colon Carcinoma, and human heptacellular Carcinoma cells. The platinum complex ( 6) displays cytotoxicity (IC 50 = 12.4 μM) against breast cancer compared with that reported for cis-platin 9.91 μM.

  2. New supersymmetric quartet of nuclei: {sup 192,193}Os-{sup 193,194}Ir

    SciTech Connect

    Bijker, R.; Frank, A.; Barea, J.; Graw, G.; Wirth, H.-F.; Hertenberger, R.; Jolie, J.

    2009-01-28

    We present evidence for the existence of a new supersymmetric quartet of nuclei in the A{approx}190 mass region. The analysis is based on new experimental information on the odd-odd nucleus {sup 194}Ir from transfer and neutron capture reactions. The new data allow the identification of a new supersymmetric quartet, consisting of the {sup 192,193}Os and {sup 193,194}Ir nuclei. We make explicit predictions for {sup 193}Os, and suggest that its spectroscopic properties be measured in dedicated experiments. Finally, we study correlations between different transfer reactions.

  3. DFT studies of structure and vibrational spectra of 4-benzylidene-1-phenyl-2-selenomorpholino-1H-imidazol-5(4H)-one and its derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Shuli; You, Bin; Yao, Qi; Chen, Meng; Wang, Yujiao; Li, Wei

    2013-06-01

    The Raman spectra and FT-IR spectra of 4-benzylidene-1-phenyl-2-selenomorpholino-1H-imidazol-5(4H)-one and its derivatives have been measured and their ground-state geometries and vibrational spectra are studied by DFT at B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. Comparing the optimized geometries of compounds 1-6, we find that different substituent and substitution site on benzene rings result in very small changes on the imidazoline skeleton, the changes on bond length are within 0.005 Å and on bond angle are within 0.5°. Calculated spectra are well consistent with the experimental one and the deviations are smaller than 30cm-1. The influence of substituent on IR and Raman spectrum must not be neglected. Electron-withdrawing chlorine atom makes the stretching vibration of carbonyl group shift 4-16 cm-1 towards higher wavenumber, but electron-donating methoxyl group and dioxole group make it shift 6-10 cm-1 in IR and 9-13 cm-1 in Raman spectrum towards lower wavenumber, respectively. Dioxole substitution makes the Cdbnd C stretching vibration of phenyl shift to a higher position at 1617-1618 cm-1. The influence of intermolecular weak interaction on vibrational spectrum is studied by two models (dimer and monomer inclusion van del Waals correction). Dimer model presents a better accuracy, but van del Waals correction on B3LYP hybrid function does not produce a significant change on accuracy in this system.

  4. Analyzing powers for {sup 1}H{searrow}({pi}{sup +},{pi}{sup +}{ital p}) at {ital T}{sub {pi}}=165 and 240 MeV

    SciTech Connect

    Raue, B.A.; Greco, T.A.; Khayat, M.G.; Adimi, F.; Brandt, B.v.; Breuer, H.; Chang, T.; Chant, N.S.; Chen, H.; Dooling, T.A.; Dvoredsky, A.P.; Flanders, B.S.; Gu, T.; Haas, J.P.; Hautle, P.; Huffman, J.; Kelly, J.J.; Klein, A.; Koch, K.; Konter, J.A.; Kovalev, A.I.; Kyle, G.S.; Lawrie, J.J.; Lin, Z.; Mango, S.; Markowitz, P.; Meier, R.; Payerle, T.; Ritt, S.; Roos, P.G.; Wang, M.

    1996-02-01

    We have measured the analyzing power for elastic scattering of {pi}{sup +} from a target of polarized {sup 1}H. Data were taken for incident pion beam energies of 165 and 240 MeV at several pion scattering angles. The current data generally agree with previously existing measurements of {ital A}{sub {ital y}} for this reaction and also with results of the SAID phase-shift analysis program. In most cases the new data are of higher precision than previously existing data. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Radical scavenging capacity of 2,4-dihydroxy-9-phenyl-1H-phenalen-1-one: a functional group exclusion approach.

    PubMed

    Duque, Luisa; Zapata, Carolina; Rojano, Benjamín; Schneider, Bernd; Otálvaro, Felipe

    2013-07-19

    2,4-Dihydroxy-9-phenyl-1H-phenalen-1-one (4-hydroxyanigorufone, 1), a compound isolated from Anigozanthos flavidus and Monochoria elata, displayed a high radical scavenging capacity in the ORAC assay. A systematic approach was adopted in order to explore the effect of each functional group. H-Atom transfer from the phenolic hydroxyl, a captodative effect from the hydroxy ketone, and the presumed involvement of the phenyl ring in the termination step of the radical reaction were disclosed as relevant features of this type of antioxidant. PMID:23834597

  6. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of novel 5-amino-4-cyano-1H-pyrazole and quinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Aal, Mohamed T; Abdel-Aleem, Abdel-Aleem H; Ibahim, Laila I; Zein, Ahmed L

    2010-12-01

    New substituted aroylhydrazones (4a-f) were synthesized from the acid hydrazide (3) and the corresponding aldehyde or aldose. 5-Amino-4-cyano-1H-pyrazole derivatives (6a-f) were prepared by the reaction of the aroylhydrazones (4a-f) with malononitrile. The synthesized compounds were tested for antimicrobial activity against various bacteria and fungi and showed moderate to high inhibition activities. Compounds incorporating a sugar moiety as well as a pyrazolyl ring in their structure displayed the highest antimicrobial activity. PMID:21191752

  7. New Efficient Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones Catalyzed by Benzotriazolium-Based Ionic Liquids under Solvent-Free Conditions.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhiqing; Ma, Rong; Cao, Dawei; Liu, Chenjiang

    2016-01-01

    An efficient synthesis of novel 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (DHPMs) and their derivatives, using Brønsted acidic ionic liquid [C₂O₂BBTA][TFA] as a catalyst, from the condensation of aryl aldehyde, β-ketoester and urea was described. Reactions proceeded smoothly for 40 min under solvent-free conditions and gave the desirable products with good to excellent yields (up to 99%). The catalyst could be easily recycled and reused with similar efficacies for at least six cycles. PMID:27070558

  8. Synthesis, structure, optical properties, antifungal and antibacterial activities of 2-(1-oxo-1H-2,3-dihydroisoindol-2-yl)-3-imidazolyl-L-lactamic acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Long; Chen, Yun; Cai, Shuang-Lian; Yi, Hai-Bo

    2013-10-01

    2-(1-oxo-1H-2,3-dihydroisoindol-2-yl)-3-imidazolyl-L-lactamic acid has been prepared conveniently by the condensation reaction of o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) with L-Histidine, and its single crystal structure has been characterized by X-ray crystallography method. The in vitro antifungal and antibacterial activities of the compound were investigated with the representative strains of Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Its luminescent and nonlinear optical properties have also been investigated. Second-harmonic-generation (SHG) measurements indicate that compound 1 displays a weak SHG response of about 0.75 times that of KH2PO4.

  9. Lead Optimization of 3-Carboxyl-4(1H)-Quinolones to Deliver Orally Bioavailable Antimalarials

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yiqun; Clark, Julie A; Connelly, Michele C.; Zhu, Fangyi; Min, Jaeki; Guiguemde, W. Armand; Pradhan, Anupam; Iyer, Lalitha; Furimsky, Anna; Gow, Jason; Parman, Toufan; El Mazouni, Farah; Phillips, Margaret A.; Kyle, Dennis E.; Mirsalis, Jon; Guy, R. Kiplin

    2012-01-01

    Malaria is a protozoal parasitic disease that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas and causes more than 800,000 deaths per year. The continuing emergence of multi-drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum drives the ongoing need for the development of new and effective antimalarial drugs. Our previous work has explored the preliminary structural optimization of 4(1H)-quinolone ester derivatives, a new series of antimalarials related to the endochins. Herein, we report the lead optimization of 4(1H)-quinolones with a focus on improving both antimalarial potency and bioavailability. These studies led to the development of orally efficacious antimalarials including quinolone analogue 20g, a promising candidate for further optimization. PMID:22435599

  10. (1)H-NMR-based discrimination of thermal and vinegar treated ginseng roots.

    PubMed

    Kim, So-Hyun; Hyun, Sun-Hee; Yang, Seung-Ok; Choi, Hyung-Kyoon; Lee, Boo-Yong

    2010-08-01

    To investigate the changes in nonvolatile metabolites of thermal and/or vinegar treated ginseng (TVG), samples prepared using various treatment conditions were analyzed using an (1)H-NMR-based metabolomics technique. The processing conditions of the ginseng in this study were 100, 140, and 180 degrees C with and without vinegar and the duration of exposure to each temperature was 10, 30, and 50 min, respectively. There was a clear separation in the score plots among various treatment conditions. Major compounds contributing to the separation of 50% methanol extracts of TVG with various process conditions were valine, lactate, alanine, arginine, glucose, fructose, and sucrose. As temperature increased, valine, arginine, glucose, fructose, and sucrose concentrations decreased, whereas lactate, glucose, and fructose increased in the vinegar-treated samples compared to non-vinegar-treated samples. The present study suggests the usefulness of an (1)H-NMR-based metabolomics approach to discriminate TVG samples, subjected to different processing conditions. PMID:20722913

  11. Shaft Sinking at the Nevada Test Site, U1h Shaft Project

    SciTech Connect

    B. Briggs; R. Musick

    2001-03-01

    The U1h Shaft Project is a design/build subcontract to construct one 6.1 meter (m) (20 feet (ft)) finished diameter shaft to a depth of 321.6 m (1,055 ft.) at the Nevada Test Site. Atkinson Construction was subcontracted by Bechtel Nevada to construct the U1h Shaft for the U.S. Department of Energy. The project consists of furnishing and installing the sinking plant, construction of the 321.6 m (1,055 ft.) of concrete lined shaft, development of a shaft station at a depth of 297.5 m (976 ft.), and construction of a loading pocket at the station. The outfitting of the shaft and installation of a new hoist may be incorporated into the project at a later date. This paper will describe the design phase, the excavation and lining operation, shaft station construction and the contractual challenges encountered on this project.

  12. The morphology of C–S–H: Lessons from {sup 1}H nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry

    SciTech Connect

    Valori, A.; McDonald, P.J.; Scrivener, K.L.

    2013-07-15

    {sup 1}H nuclear magnetic resonance has been applied to cement pastes, and in particular calcium silicate hydrate (C–S–H), for the characterisation of porosity and pore water interactions for over three decades. However, there is now renewed interest in the method, given that it has been shown to be non-invasive, non-destructive and fully quantitative. It is possible to make measurements of pore size distribution, specific surface area, C–S–H density and water fraction and water dynamics over 6 orders of magnitude from nano- to milli-seconds. This information comes in easily applied experiments that are increasingly well understood, on widely available equipment. This contribution describes the basic experiments for a cement audience new to the field and reviews three decades of work. It concludes with a summary of the current state of understanding of cement pore morphology from the perspective of {sup 1}H NMR.

  13. 5-Pentyl-4-phenyl­sulfonyl-1H-pyrazol-3-ol

    PubMed Central

    Shahani, Tara; Fun, Hoong-Kun; Ragavan, R. Venkat; Vijayakumar, V.; Sarveswari, S.

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C14H18N2O3S, the 1H-pyrazole ring is approximately planar, with a maximum deviation of 0.005 (1) Å. The dihedral angle formed between the 1H-pyrazole and phenyl rings is 79.09 (5)°. Pairs of inter­molecular N—H⋯O and O⋯H⋯N hydrogen bonds form dimers between neighboring mol­ecules, generating R 2 2(10) ring motifs. These dimers are further linked by intermolecular N—H⋯O and O—H⋯N hydrogen bonds into two-dimensional arrays parallel to the ac plane. The crystal structure is also stabilized by C—H⋯π inter­actions. PMID:21579547

  14. 1H and 13C assignments of five cembrenes from guggul.

    PubMed

    Bai, Shi; Jain, Mahendra

    2008-08-01

    Chemical shift assignments of (1)H and (13)C of five cembrene compounds isolated from the hexane extract of guggul, the resin of Commiphora mukul, are reported. Using (1)H, (13)C, and 2D NMR methods their structures were determined as cembrene (1-isopropyl-4,8,12-trimethyl-cyclotetradeca-2,4,7,11-tetraene), cembrene A (1-isopropenyl-4,8,12-trimethyl-cyclotetradeca-4,8,12-triene), cembrenol (1-isopropyl-4,8,12-trimethyl-cyclotetradeca-3,7,11-trienol), mukulol (1-isopropyl-4,8,12-trimethyl- cyclotetradeca-3,7,11-trienol), and verticillol (4,8,12,15,15-pentamethyl-bicyclo[9.3.1]pentadeca-3,7-dien-12-ol). PMID:18470886

  15. The effect of chemical stability on the NIPAM gel dosimeter using 1H-NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, You-Ruei; Hsieh, Ling-Ling; Chang, Yuan-Jen; Hsieh, Bor-Tsung

    2013-06-01

    Radiation-induced chemical changes in the N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) gels used in three-dimensional dosimeters were investigated using 1H-NMR in this study. The experimental results show that the signal from C=C bonds of NIPAM and N,N'-Methylenediacrylamide (BIS) are 5.5 and 6.3 ppm, respectively. The double bonds from the NIPAM and BIS disappeared with half-dose (D50) were about 10.90 Gy ± 0.76 Gy and 10.09 Gy ± 0.29 Gy, respectively. This observation demonstrates that the polymerization rate of BIS is faster than that of the NIPAM monomer. The 1H-NMR can indicate the chemical structure changes of the polymer gel dosimeter after irradiation and successfully determine the D50 in the NIPAM gel dosimeter.

  16. Evaluation of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) adulteration with plant adulterants by (1)H NMR metabolite fingerprinting.

    PubMed

    Petrakis, Eleftherios A; Cagliani, Laura R; Polissiou, Moschos G; Consonni, Roberto

    2015-04-15

    In the present work, a preliminary study for the detection of adulterated saffron and the identification of the adulterant used by means of (1)H NMR and chemometrics is reported. Authentic Greek saffron and four typical plant-derived materials utilised as bulking agents in saffron, i.e., Crocus sativus stamens, safflower, turmeric, and gardenia were investigated. A two-step approach, relied on the application of both OPLS-DA and O2PLS-DA models to the (1)H NMR data, was adopted to perform authentication and prediction of authentic and adulterated saffron. Taking into account the deficiency of established methodologies to detect saffron adulteration with plant adulterants, the method developed resulted reliable in assessing the type of adulteration and could be viable for dealing with extensive saffron frauds at a minimum level of 20% (w/w). PMID:25466103

  17. Generation of heteronuclear 13C 1H chemical-shift correlations using soft pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doddrell, David M.; Brooks, William; Field, James; Lynden-Bell, R. M.

    Two multipulse sequences are analyzed which can be used to generate heteronuclear 13C, 1H chemical-shift correlations without 2D NMR techniques. Both sequences utilize polarization-transfer techniques and generate the required chemical-shift correlation using a single soft proton pulse. The most useful technique is an extension of the DEPT method of polarization transfer since not only are the chemical-shift correlations generated in an easy to interpret form, but depending on the specific form of the pulse train used, the method can be employed to obtain information on the CH n group multiplicity. The methods are illustrated by applying them to generate 13C, 1H chemical-shift correlation spectra for menthol and cholesterol.

  18. A mathematical force and moment model of a UH-1H helicopter for flight dynamics simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Talbot, P. D.; Corliss, L. D.

    1977-01-01

    A model of a UH-1H helicopter was developed to support flight simulations and for developmental work on an avionics system known as V/STOLAND system. Equations and numerical values of constants used to represent the helicopter are presented. Responses to stop inputs of the cyclic and collective controls are shown and compared with flight test data for a UH-1H. The model coefficients were adjusted in an attempt to get a consistant match with the flight time histories at hover and 60 knots. Response matching was obtained at 60 knots, but the matching at hover was not as successful. Pilot evaluations of the model, both fixed and moving base, were made.

  19. 1H NMR profiling as an approach to differentiate conventionally and organically grown tomatoes.

    PubMed

    Hohmann, Monika; Christoph, Norbert; Wachter, Helmut; Holzgrabe, Ulrike

    2014-08-20

    This study describes the approach of (1)H NMR profiling for the authentication of organically produced tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum). Overall, 361 tomato samples of two different cultivars and four different producers were regularly analyzed during a 7 month period. The results of principal component analysis showed a significant trend for the separation between organically and conventionally produced tomatoes (p < 0.001 using the t test). Linear discriminant analysis demonstrated good discrimination between the growing regimens, and external validation showed 100% correctly classified tomato samples. Further validation studies, however, also disclosed unexpected differences between individual producers, which interfere with the aim of predicting the cultivation method, yet the results indicate significant differences between (1)H NMR spectra of organically and conventionally grown tomatoes. PMID:25066078

  20. Determination of standard sample purity using the high-precision 1H-NMR process.

    PubMed

    Schoenberger, Torsten

    2012-04-01

    This paper discusses the technique for high-precision quantification using (1)H-NMR to determine the purity of analytical standard samples. The procedure described is based on the use of internal reference samples in an (1)H NMR experiment in our laboratories. The sample preparation and all relevant NMR parameters were optimized for minimum uncertainty. The validation of accuracy and precision was performed by comparing different certified reference materials. It was shown that the high-precision measurement is applicable even for relatively small sample amounts down to 2.5 mg. The relative combined uncertainty of measurement was found to be 0.15%. Two different approaches for uncertainty calculation were compared; a complete uncertainty budget was calculated. PMID:22327969