Acedo, Clementina; Popa, Simona
Discusses important aspects of curriculum reform in Romanian secondary education in the 1990s. Reports, for example, that reform has resulted in no improvement in the status of secondary teachers or in student educational access and equity. Curriculum reform has, however, reinforced the use of private tutors, thus creating a de facto…
Yeom, Min-Ho; Acedo, Clementina; Utomo, Erry
Case study of two main secondary education reforms in Indonesia in the 1990s: Expansion of basic education and the decentralization of curriculum. Discusses the social, political, and economic trends in the 1990s, context of the secondary education reforms, and the rationale for the reforms. Focuses on the curriculum decentralization design and…
Dede, Christopher; Hardin, Joy
Examines the characteristics of the first generation of secondary science curricula reforms that emerged in the 1950's (such as PSSC) and the second generation of reforms that appeared in the following decade (such as Harvard Project Physics). The strengths and weaknesses of these two generations of science curricula are compared. (JR)
Analyzes the Central Council for Education's (CCE) reform proposals in the 1990's, placing them within the context of developing the concept "equality of education opportunity" as applied to educational policies in Japan since 1945. Provides three reasons why the CCE's proposal of a new type of secondary school would be destructive. (CMK)
Sua, Tan Yao
The democratization of education in Malaysia has come a long way since the early 1960s. In the early 1990s, the government decided to democratize secondary education in order to widen formal access to secondary education, especially at the upper secondary level. It is the contention of this paper that the widening of formal access to education may…
Morningstar, Mary E.; Bassett, Diane S.; Cashman, Joanne; Kochhar-Bryant, Carol; Wehmeyer, Michael L.
Society has witnessed significant improvements in the lives of students receiving transition services over the past 30 years. The field of transition has developed an array of evidence-based interventions and promising practices, however, secondary school reform efforts have often overlooked these approaches for youth without disabilities. If we are to see improvements in postsecondary outcomes for all youth, reform efforts must begin with active participation of both general and special educators and critical home, school, and community stakeholders. In the Division on Career Development for Exceptional Individuals’ position paper, we discuss the evolution of transition in light of reform efforts in secondary education. We review and identify secondary educational initiatives that embrace transition principles. Finally, recommendations are provided for advancing alignment of transition services with secondary education reforms. PMID:25221733
Donmoyer, Robert, Ed.; Merryfield, Merry M., Ed.
This theme issue highlights the diversity of reform initiatives in order to provide a deep understanding of the complexities associated with educational reform in general and the reform of science education in particular. Systemic reform initiatives at the national and state levels along with locally-inspired efforts at reform are outlined.…
Decentralisation policy in Sweden emphasises school capitation allowance, the local upper secondary schools’ decision?making and pupils’ choices in contrast to previous bureaucratic governing. The aim of this article is to discuss how pupils’ educational choice paths are a part of the different kinds of integration and differentiation processes within upper secondary education. By doing so, the intention is to make
Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary…
Urges making science and technology in primary and secondary schools in China accessible to all students. Recommends restructuring the curriculum and defines objectives for six-year mandatory elementary schools. Includes tables describing current structure. Describes research efforts undertaken to strengthen science and technology education using…
Yugoslavia, in its postwar reconstruction, has devoted considerable effort to educational development, especially at the secondary school level. The new General Law on Education of 1958 introduced major reforms and inaugurated a new public school system for the diverse population of the country. The purpose of this study is to present a factual…
Lambert, Connie; Curran, Christina M.; Prigge, Debra J.; Shorr, David
The purpose of this study was to investigate possible changes in the dispositions of preservice educators toward the inclusion of students with disabilities after participation in a required introductory inclusion class. The sample included 479 students (207 secondary/content specialists; 272 elementary/generalists: early childhood educators,…
Cuervo, Alfonso; Garcia-Salcedo, Ricardo
In Mexico, the educative reform that has been taking effect gradually in the secondary school education from 2005, has eliminated some subjects and created other that they concentrate in a single degree of studies the themes of the basic education, waking up changes that represent a challenge for teachers, who besides are adapted to new academic loads, they face an approach different in the treatment from the new themes. Beyond the conflicts that all reform can generate, the present paper is not a political or social analysis, but it approaches some differences between authorities of Secretaria de Educacion Publica (Public Education Secretary) and teachers, studying the implications of the new curriculum of Sciences II (Physics). Additionally, it is considers the design of didactic sequences to teach some physical concepts in the secondary school by active learning.
Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda
This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…
Marshner, Connaught, Ed.
In a continuation of the national debate over education reform, the 14 contributors to this book outline several approaches to reform, address a variety of current education issues, and relate parent and teacher perspectives on education. An overview by President Ronald Reagan of education reform issues is provided, followed by chapters on the…
Examines the persistence of academic exam-oriented curricula and teaching styles of colonial origin in Lesotho and Zimbabwe despite differences in colonial history and current ideological and economic systems. Discusses the lack of reform policy implementation, ruling class interests, popular pressures and conservative educational attitudes, and…
Reviews the contributions to Mexican education of Gabino Barredas' positivism between 1867-1898 and the contributions of Jose Vasconcelos during the 1920s. Discusses the secondary curriculum reforms of Barreda's era and the vocational education and the education for women and adults during the Vasconcelos era. (SB)
The higher education diversity programs that Texas enacted after "Hopwood v. University of Texas" banned affirmative action had unexpected positive consequences for the state's high schools. The Texas top 10% law, the Longhorn Opportunity Scholarship and Century Scholarship programs, and the Towards Excellence, Access and Success Grant program…
This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…
Aho, Erkki; Pitkanen, Kari; Sahlberg, Pasi
The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Many factors have contributed to Finland's…
Swaziland is planning to introduce inclusive education as part of education for all. The innovation may benefit learners with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD). A purposive teacher sample (N = 47) was used to generate and identify behavioural problems that are prevalent in Swazi schools. Aggression was one of the many conduct disorders…
Colorado at Boulder, University of
Building on a base Theoretical models & educational practices · Impacts Introductory physics (resultsUnderstanding Educational Reforms: Impacts of Physics Education Research Steven Pollock Physics under Grant No. REC 0448176, CAREER: Physics Education and Contexts of Student Learning. Any opinions
Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs, Stockholm (Sweden).
The major educational reforms enacted in Sweden during recent decades have been part of a general effort to broaden the content of democracy and to bring about a more equitable allocation of affluence, influence, and opportunities of cultural experience. The time has come for the fulfillment of the comprehensive school and upper secondary school…
Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax
It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…
This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…
J. J. Lagowski
Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural
Ron Haskins; Carol Statuto Bevan
As part of its 1996 welfare reform bill, Congress enacted a $50 million per year program to fund abstinence education. This chapter provides an examination of the legislative history of the program; a discussion of the characteristics of the program, especially the definition of abstinence education; and an account of how the program will be implemented by the federal government
Salnikov, N.; Burukhin, S.
Higher education in Russia is experiencing changes in curriculum and in the specialization and function of institutions in the search for a better model for a post-Soviet society. The early 1990s saw the start of the reform of the system of education in Russia. However, problems of quality and of continuity with secondary education have still not…
Discusses school reform efforts in England that were designed to make England's publicly funded schools as attractive as independent schools via government funding. Efforts include enhancing parental choice of schools by removing bureaucratic and administrative restrictions, establishing a national school inspection system to maintain quality, and…
Pajak, Edward F.
Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing a…
Yunus, Aida Suraya Muhammad
Malaysia's agenda in the late 1990s involved making the transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge-based economy. Thus, the more traditional purpose of education, that is, to produce an educated person, needs to be reevaluated. If the nation's Vision 2020 is to become a reality, the educational program needs to make a fundamental shift…
Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…
Anson, Ron; Fox, Jim
In 1990, Congress charged OERI with evaluating the nation's school-reform efforts. Representative planners subsequently called for research proposals in systemic reform, school-based management, uses of time, student assessment, curriculum reform, educator professionalism, school-to-work transition, early childhood education, parent and community…
Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping
This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…
The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…
Ladd, Helen F., Ed.
Many people believe that future reforms of education should focus on the primary mission of elementary and secondary schools and that these schools must be held more accountable for the academic performance of their students. This book brings together researchers from various disciplines--most notably economics, educational policy and management,…
McDonald, Jane; Lammert, Jill
The purpose of this article is to examine a nationwide effort of educational reform in Peru. Specifically, the authors take a close look at the nation's efforts to change secondary education through the implementation of a 2-year postsecondary learning opportunity called the "bachillerato." First, the authors briefly present the contextual…
Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.
In November 1983, the Utah Education Reform Steering Committee issued the report "Education in Utah: A Call to Action." To meet Utah's double challenge of rapid growth and quality enhancement, the report stated that Utah needed to: (1) increase the allocation of financial resources to education; (2) demand reforms in many aspects of education; and…
Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil
The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…
Castro, Claudio de Moura; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Wolff, Laurence; Carnoy, Martin
This report summarizes what is known about educational improvement in Latin America and provides objectives and strategies to guide the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in supporting primary and secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean over the next decade. It is based on six background papers as well as a review of the lessons…
Ravitch, Diane, Ed.; Vinovskis, Maris, Ed.
This document contains 14 individual papers by prominent scholars who provide a historical perspective on current educational reforms. The three essays in part 1 examine some of the major changes in educational development and reform. These include: (1) "Antiquarianism and American Education: Assimilation, Adjustment, Access" (Patricia Graham);…
MAXWELL E. McCOMBS; ERKAN YÜKSEL
This research examines the agenda-setting relationships among three key institutions at a time of major political change in Turkey, the February 28 recommendations on educational reform. The central hypothesis is that the politically powerful MGK put the issue of educational reform on the press agenda. A secondary hypothesis is that the MGK also put the issue of educational reform on
Lynch, Patrick D.; And Others
Describes Sudan's New Educational Policy, a top-down educational reform plan promulgated by the Nimeiri Government during 1970-85. The plan attempted to increase enrollments dramatically and change a colonial British curriculum to a modern, authentically Sudanese curriculum. Fortunately, the plan ignored the Khalawi, alternative institutions that…
The current outcry for educational reform raises issues that have already long concerned career education. This situation gives career educators the opportunity to provide leadership in attaining common educational goals. (JB)
Hodgson, Ann; Spours, Ken
Recent international studies in upper-secondary education (USE) have highlighted the importance and complexities of this phase as it becomes a more universal experience. Here the authors examine recent trends in USE to provide a context for discussion of the English system, which has been moving from a "linked" to a more…
The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…
\\u000a This chapter focuses on issues of higher education reform strategies in Thailand\\u000a \\u000a during the post-economic crisis period (1997–2007). The Thai Government\\u000a \\u000a attests five key reform policies in teaching and learning, finance, human resources, research, and administration. When examining\\u000a governmental policies and actions, educational law, and educational strategies from the Thai Ministry of Education, it is\\u000a evident the implementation of reform
Skerrett, Allison; Hargreaves, Andy
This article analyzes three decades of educational reform strategies pertaining to ethnocultural diversity in the United States and Canada and how they affect the efforts of four secondary schools, two in each context, to respond to increasing student diversity. Data include 186 teacher interviews drawn from a large ethnographic study. The article…
Allison Skerrett; Andy Hargreaves
This article analyzes three decades of educational reform strategies pertaining to ethnocultural diversity in the United States and Canada and how they affect the efforts of four secondary schools, two in each context, to respond to increasing student diversity. Data include 186 teacher interviews drawn from a large ethnographic study. The article describes the current effects of increasing standardization on
The Finnish education system has received worldwide attention due to the top academic performance of Finnish school students. Physical education, as an integral part of the Finnish education curriculum, potentially contributes to the overall success. The purpose of this article is to summarize Finnish physical education reform during the past…
Information Bulletin, 1973
Six lectures are presented in this report of the Symposium on Research and Reform in Teacher Education. The lectures are entitled (a) "Teacher Education--Research and Change"; (b) "Theories of Learning and Teacher Education"; (c) "Is Teacher Training Really Any Use?"; (d) "From Studying Education to Teaching a Class: Problems of Transition"; (e)…
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…
Firestone, William A.
How changes in teacher pay can contribute to systemic educational reform and school restructuring is discussed, focusing on knowledge- and skill-based pay, job enlargement, and collective incentives. These alternatives have the potential to improve teacher motivation and support other reforms. (SLD)
Sarason, Seymour B.
In this book, the author candidly confronts errors he made of omission, commission, misplaced emphases, and watering down the depth and scope of his criticisms of the reform arena in his half-century involvement in educational reform. No other major figure in this arena has made public such a searching self-critique. Sharing his thoughts about the…
Morgan, Anthony W.
Struggling economies, outdated academic cultural traditions, and obsolete organizational structures are among the problems facing higher education reformers in the Balkans today. Change comes hard there despite difficult financial circumstances that elsewhere might provide the impetus for reform. Yet governmental and university leaders are finding…
European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Latvia is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…
European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Poland is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…
O'Neal, E. C.; Kirk, Pamela A. Catledge
After a review of the recommendations of national reform reports in the 1980's concerning teacher education programs and legislation enacted and regulatory systems established in Mississippi to facilitate educational reform and ensure the quality of teacher education major courses, this paper describes a study of the American College Test that…
Cortes, Ernesto, Jr.
Community engagement should be at the heart of public school reform. In Texas, the Industrial Areas Foundation Alliance Schools demonstrate how parents and community leaders are serious partners in shaping school environments and educational programs. (SK)
Berliner, David C.
Criticisms leveled at the American education system are examined in this paper, which asserts that misinformation about Japanese education should not be used as a basis for educational reform in the United States. Commonly reported changes made against the American public school system are explored; they include lowered student intelligence,…
Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.; Rebarber, Theodor, Ed.
Written under the joint auspices of the Educational Excellence Network of Vanderbilt University (Tennessee) and the National Conference of State Legislatures, this book contains nine chapters, by leading educators, divided into five sections that explore the major issues in education reform. Following a foreword by John Martin and an introduction…
Zeichner, Ken, Ed.; And Others
This book provides an analysis of efforts to improve the education of preservice teachers and of the limitations of contemporary teacher education reform proposals. Following Chapter 1, "Introduction" (Ken Zeichner), the book is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Regulation and Standards in Teacher Education," consists of four chapters: (2)…
Paulston, Rolland G.
The author briefly examines how educational reform attempts in Cuba since 1959 have taken place and how they have been related to social, economic, and political change efforts in the society at large. The Cuban educational system makes a significant contrast against the failure which characterizes the other Latin American educational systems.…
Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis
"Teachers are at the far end of educational reform." Apart from students and parents, they are often the very last to be consulted about and connected to agendas of what changes are needed in education, and of how those changes should be managed. Educational change is something that government departments, venture philanthropists,…
Kazal-Thresher, Deborah M.
Educational finance reforms and desegregation have both sought to address inequities in educational opportunities for minorities and low income families. The recent methods of addressing desegregation issues have tended to focus on attaining racial balance rather than educational quality, however. This paper explores how desegregation goals can be…
Mulcahy, Dennis M.
On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…
Special education, it is stated, must reform its modus operandi on many fronts to reach the goal of equal educational opportunity for all children. It is shown that our educational systems violate the dignity and personal integrity of many children, and that we must stop making economic advantage the primary criterion for judging the adequacy of…
Blumenthal, Irene; Benson, Charles
Examination of the history and present structure of Soviet education reveals a number of potential lessons for educational planners in developing countries, according to the authors. This report traces the course of Soviet educational reforms from the 1910s to the 1970s in four areas: general (elementary and some secondary) education, vocational…
Rebecca M Schneider; Joseph Krajcik; Ron Marx
Recent reforms in science education call for curriculum designed to support student's construction of knowledge through inquiry. Teachers need to learn new methods and content to enact reform-based curriculum. Educative curriculum material designed to address teacher learning as well as student, is one potential vehicle. Our work is embedded in an ongoing urban systemic initiative of a large public school
Spearman, M. L.
Extensive school reform measures were initiated in the U.S.S.R. in 1984. The essence of the reform is to improve the quality of instruction, improve the content of education, strengthen the Marxist-Leninist world view, and ensure that all secondary school graduates master an occupation.
Created in 2004, the Center for Research and Reform in Education (CRRE) works "to improve the quality of education for children in grades pre-K to 12 through its research into program effectiveness." CRRE's work focuses on developing and evaluating alternative approaches to teaching and school organization. On the site, visitors can peruse the organization's Twitter feed, and then browse their very useful magazine, "Better." The magazine is published three times a year, and it offers a "unique international perspective on evidence-based education reform." Visitors can read past issues of the magazine here or explore issues on a range of specific themes, including assessment, struggling readers, policy and practice, and science. Moving on, the site also contains the Center's blog, "Evidence-Based Education Reform," and links to the a Best Evidence Encyclopedia.
This site provides a summary of a survey of pretest and posttest data for 62 introductory physics courses attended by a total of 6542 students. Also included are 14 lessons from the physics education reform effort that may assist in the general upgrading of education and science literacy.
In the years since independence, the education system in Uzbekistan has undergone major changes. Structural reform and increased diversity of educational provision have made the context of policy more complex, at the very time when economic transition has profoundly changed the conditions of access to the labour market. There is thus a great need…
Cross, K. Patricia
The educational reform movement of the 1980's has sought to deal with the current problems in the educational system of declining standards, unprepared students, and low levels of morale among teachers by seeking to impose higher and more rigorous standards to restore academic quality. The experience, however, of excellent business companies in…
The aim of this study is to examine and evaluate the basic structure of changes in primary educational curricula in Turkey since the establishment of Republic. The study is mainly qualitative and is based on literature and document analyses and teaching curricular reviews. The research findings indicate that primary educational reforms in Turkey…
Hovhannisyan, Aleksan; Sahlberg, Pasi
Armenia is in the midst of major educational reforms in which teacher professional development is a key component. Much of the energy devoted to developing education in Armenia is targeted towards enhancing student-centred teaching, especially cooperative learning. This has become a significant challenge for many schools and teachers as they cope…
Da Silva, Jadiel Vieira
Certain aspects of three stages of development of the Brazilian higher education system are analyzed. The first stage starts in 1931 with the enactment of the so-called "Statutes of the Brazilian Universities." The beginning of the second stage is marked by the 1961 Law of Guidelines and Fundamentals that intended to reform the entire educational…
This paper provides a brief profile of the state of secondary education in Brazil. An overview of the organizational structure, objectives, curricular offerings, system size, and governance structure of secondary education is provided. Issues relating to the quality, equity, management, and financing of the system are discussed, and promising…
Environmental educators in many states are finding that reform efforts are constraining the time they have to prepare and teach new activities. Therefore, they may find it appropriate to develop materials that address environmental education (EE) needs as well as augmenting state reform goals. This study provides an example in which a biodiversity curriculum guide, using the "Linking Florida's Natural Heritage" database, successfully infuses environmental concepts with the writing benchmarks of Florida's Sunshine State Standards (SSS). When measured by the same rubric used for the Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test (FCAT), writing skills rose significantly after students used the five lesson biodiversity supplement.
Brandt, Carol B.
In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…
The symposium entitled "Social Changes in East Asia and Educational reforms: China, Korea, and Singapore" suggested that these countries are carrying out rather drastic educational reforms in the context of rapid social changes. The knowledge gained from the symposium also has important suggestions for Japanese educational reform. In addition, as…
Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.
Many educational reform initiatives are being tried in an effort to restructure the American school system. This guide compares major educational reform efforts by goal, vision, teaching and learning, and system components. The first section of the guide covers major systemic educational reform initiatives, including Accelerated Schools Project,…
In discussions about science education, we often hear and read references to two eras of reform: the first associated with launching of Sputnik in October of 1957 and the second prompted by the publication of Nation at Risk in 1983. Having been deeply involved in the first science project of the first era, namely the Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC)
; please see the References. 1 #12;2 vision of school mathematics described in Curriculum and Eval- uation will refer to the generic school #12;3 mathematics curriculum of the eighties. By the time the ideaThe Mathematician and the Mathematics Education Reform H. Wu Department of Mathematics #3840
The Bologna process is a comprehensive concept for European higher education reforms of the 20th and 21st centuries. However, it means something else in Central European countries than it does in the rest of Europe. It has been combined in Central Europe with a major social change referred to as the "political transformation" (Johnson 1996).…
Chester E. Finn Jr.
While it is a considerable over-simplification, I have found it useful to think in terms of four theories of action that I believe dominate the education-reform arena today. I think that two of these theories have some promise. Two of them do not, but we will nevertheless surely continue to use them. In the real world, we commonly find more
Pemberton, Janette E.
The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education…
Lasley, Thomas J.
Three challenges must be met if certain reform endeavors are to succeed and professional efficacy for teaching is to be accomplished: the involvement of teachers in policy decision making, the definition of the knowledge base, and the unification of educational interest groups. (IAH)
Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…
Educational reforms fail because they are usually based on certain myths about training, advocacy, theory, knowledge dissemination, complete restructuring, paradigm shifts, and small-scale studies. These misconceptions result in wasted resources for staff development and dissemination, few professional validation standards, repeat cycles of…
Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.
This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…
Secondary education in Romania is characterized by innovations introduced by the communist system and by recent efforts to restructure the system. This book presents a systematic and coherent exposition of the Romanian educational system, and outlines the essential problems the system faces. The book opens with the historical, social, and…
Attard, Paul A.; Buhagiar, Andrew J.
The Maltese islands consist of Malta, Gozo, and Comino and two tiny uninhabited islands, strategically located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. This handbook contains a brief description of secondary education in Malta. Following the introduction, section 1 provides an overview of the mission of the Ministry of Education and Human…
Cultural and national history have profoundly modeled Greek society and continue to play a vital role in Greek policy and in cultural and social life. This handbook provides a brief overview of secondary education in Greece. The first part describes the country's societal, historical, and political background; educational history and current…
In discussions about science education, we often hear and read references to two eras of reform: the first associated with launching of Sputnik in October of 1957 and the second prompted by the publication of Nation at Risk in 1983. Having been deeply involved in the first science project of the first era, namely the Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC) course in physics, now in its seventh edition, and following today's activities closely, I will try to describe the "what's" and "how's" of the PSSC as a representative of the first era and to compare them with today's reform.
Wasser, Judith Davidson
Focuses on systemic reform with regard to standards and equity. Emphasizes the places of technology and curriculum in this reform. Concludes that bringing together different players in the educational system to help change practice and support new educational goals is a common goal of many reform efforts. (ASK)
Kevin Wedeward; Stephen Bruder
Universities can play an important role in the high school educational system. In particular, New Mexico Tech has developed a robotics outreach program to provide high school students exposure to engineering concepts via building small robots. The authors have developed an integrated approach for incorporating robotics into secondary education with the objective of further engaging students through an exciting application
Radford City Schools, VA.
The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…
This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…
Doherty, Robert A.
In this paper I attempt to explore the implications for education policy arising from aspects of Third Way political thought and its troubled relation to neoliberalism. In particular, the implications for equality arising from Third Way reforms to secondary education are considered. The limits of contestation that mark out the centre ground of UK…
Doctoral education in Europe has been undergoing a major transformation in the last decade. This transformation has occurred in response to several challenges: the changing nature of the labor market in the globalized economy; the European Union's common agenda in research and education, which seeks to make Europe the most competitive…
Donoghue, Glenda D.
Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)
Klees, Steven J.; Wells, Stuart J.
Several evaluations of a major national reform of secondary schools in El Salvador emphasizing the adoption of an intensive educational television system were previously undertaken. They are used here to illustrate key issues and problems in the economics of education and their implications for future research and policymaking. (BW)
Futrell, Mary Hatwood
Moving beyond "reform", teacher education programs need to be "transformed" to better prepare teachers, school counselors, and administrators to teach, guide, and lead in this complex society. Educators must have the skills, knowledge, and commitment to be part of the leadership team that assumes the responsibility for carrying the mantra of the…
Ericson, David P.; Ellett, Frederick S., Jr.
Explores student interaction with the educational system and shows why large numbers of students have incentives to undercut the intent of educational reforms. Describes the kind of educational structures and policies that create pathways to competent adulthood and have a chance of bringing about the reformers' goal of educational excellence. (SLD)
Defining civic education reform in the Czech Republic since 1989 in terms of its post-communist transition, this paper contends that the breadth, depth, and range of educational reforms proposed or already adopted in Central and Eastern European societies is extensive, involving most areas of education (curricula, educational legislation,…
Meyer, Joseph B.
A history of education in the state of Wyoming, along with a description of recent legislative initiatives, are presented in this paper. It opens with statewide reorganizations begun in the 1960s that unified school districts and equalized property valuation. A decade later a court order ruled the system inequitable and new laws provided for a…
Created by the Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., the Modeling And Simulation Tools for Education Reform (MASTER) provide useful educational tools that help students and teachers learn through observation and modeling activities. The Shodor Foundation worked in tandem with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, George Mason University, and other educational organizations to craft these tools and visitors can access all eight of them here. The Fractal Modeling Tools are a good place to start as visitors can download the required software or take in some instructional materials, such as the interactive fractal microscope and the snowflake fractal generator. Other notable areas here include The Pit and the Pendulum, which offers the work of Edgar Allan Poe as a way to learn about better reading through computation.
The history of mathematics educational reform is replete with innovations taken up enthusiastically by early adopters without significant transfer to other classrooms. This paper explores the coupling of coding and mathematics education to create the possibility that coding may serve as a Trojan Horse for mathematics education reform. That is,…
Profoundly important and unprecedented changes have taken place in China's higher education since 1998, when Zhu Rongji Administration (1998-2003) decided to carry out a new round of educational reform. These changes include some breakthroughs in macro administrative system reform, growth in the total amount of educational expenditure, the…
Panfilova, T. V.
Recent reforms have increased the level of administrative oversight, and also of interference of the structure and content of university education in Russia. This is leading to a weakening of Russian higher education. In this article, the author talks about the reform of the system of higher education in Russia and the bureaucratization of higher…
Valenzano, Joseph M., III; Wallace, Samuel P.
Changes to general education curricula are taking place across the globe. From the Bologna Process in Europe to the Liberal Education and America's Promise initiative in the United States, colleges and universities are reforming what constitutes general education for their students. At the University of Dayton, such reforms took the shape of…
Johnson, Carla C.
Administrative support is essential for reform efforts to take place at the building and district level. This study explored barriers teachers encountered while implementing science education reform and the impact those barriers had on change in instructional practices and reform. Findings in this study reveal that support from administration is…
This book is based on a study of a 4-year reform effort in the Newark (New Jersey) public schools. The discussion focuses on an elementary school as it attempted reform in an effort that was ultimately unsuccessful. Part I opens the discussion of the effects of social class and race on educational reform. To see why inner city schools have not…
Lawrence F. Locke
Evidence suggests that many secondary school physical education programs fail to achieve their objectives. A disturbing number of students report associating required attendance with strong negative feelings about the class, physical activity, and themselves. Teachers report that workplace conditions do not allow any serious effort to provide instruction. The nature of these problems is such that neither improving instruction nor
Ammentorp, William; And Others
The reforms currently proposed by educators and policymakers are based on two categories of assumptions: (1) changes in school organization will increase effective use of scarce resources; and (2) choices made by parents and children will effectively "match" students to appropriate learning environments. This paper presents a dynamic model of…
Presents an overview of pedagogical science in Western Germany and explores the role of pedagogical science in educational reform. Concludes that pedagogical policy decisions have tended to follow political trends within the power structure of political parties and other organized special interest groups. (Author/DB)
Maxwell, Bruce D.
Montana State University 1 Secondary Education The Department of Education offers teacher education programs for students seeking teaching careers in specific subject areas for grades five through twelve. General Science Broadfield, Social Studies Broadfield, and Technology Education Broadfield
This paper discusses a study of Dutch secondary education reform, describing the background, noting implications for teacher learning, and arguing that learning supports professional development and derives from performance of activities that help teachers develop professionally. Based on a literature study, a conceptual model was developed in…
Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa
In this manuscript we examine an example of globalization--the international organization-aided reform of faculties of education in Egypt. We first sketch the historical context during which secondary and primary-level teacher education became a part of Egyptian higher education. Then we draw on extensive documentary analysis and our own roles as…
This book shares what one educator learned as a teacher and administrator in public and private schools and business, examining where the country is in the process of reforming public education and suggesting that it is tired out from so many reform efforts. It notes that new programs often suffocate under the latest federal, state, or district…
Heubert, Jay P., Ed.
This book describes the growing involvement of lawyers in America's public schools in the past half century. It discusses comparatively what leading educators and lawyers believe to be the most important law-driven school reforms and examines these reform efforts from the perspectives of law, education, research, and practice. It also considers…
The author discusses philanthropy and educational reform from the Great Depression to the present, contrasting the views of that time to "Making It Count" (Chester E. Finn, Jr. and Kelly Amis, 2001.) Although Finn and Amis presented their suggestions as advancing democracy, they thought that educational reform took place best when elite groups…
Gano-Phillips, Susan; Barnett, Robert W.; Kelsch, Anne; Hawthorne, Joan; Mitchell, Nancy D.; Jonson, Jessica
This article addresses the importance of leadership in general education reform, using three case studies. We argue that campus leadership that fosters collaboration, trust, and a sense of stewardship among constituents is more likely to be successful in the challenging task of substantially reforming general education curricula.
This article discusses the main findings and conclusions from my field research evaluating education reform in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Data collection was done during two exploratory research trips to Salvador, the state capital, in 2001 and in 2005. The Bahian Education Reform, initiated by the state government in 1999 and funded to a great extent by the World
Abdel-Halim, A. El-Mahdi; Shaker, Paul
Educational reform in developing countries, specifically in Saudi Arabia, will be facilitated if certain strategies are employed when implementing educational change. Problems which restrict reform tend to be a culture which opposes change, staffing, finances, a shortage of relevant learning materials, excessive centralization of authority,…
Asturias de Barrios, Linda; Arellano, Veronica Merida
The intention of this article is to present the way in which a proposal was put forward for a national basic curriculum for the lower level of secondary education in Guatemala, within a general curricular reform of the education system. In this process, the International Bureau of Education and UNESCO's national office in the country provided…
Hare, Peter; Thomas, Harold
Examines experiences of an English language teaching project at the Inner Mongolia Teacher University (China). Considers the effect of higher education reform processes on teacher education at Inner Mongolia. Presents these reforms in context of international trends in higher education over the past decade and more specific reforms happening in…
Cameron, David Hagen
This article examines the role of the consultants in secondary schools and local authorities within a large-scale consultancy-based reform, the Secondary National Strategy (SNS), in London, UK. The SNS follows a cascade model of implementation in which nationally created initiatives are introduced and supported within local authorities (LA) and…
Eisemon, Thomas Owen; Schwille, John
Reports on a series of studies on the issue of whether primary schools in Burundi and Kenya should prepare students for secondary education or self-employment. Findings indicate that as long as some children go on to secondary school, primary schooling will not be reformed. Content and methods of instruction will not be changed in the near future.…
This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon recent neo?Weberian sociology of
Arnot, Madeleine, Ed.; Barton, Len, Ed.
The 11 papers in this book address, from a sociological perspective, a variety of contemporary educational reform issues in Great Britain. The papers examine the direction and role of sociological research in education. Sociology education has an important role to play in raising questions about the British educational system and its premises. The…
Paulston, Rolland G.; Rippberger, Susan
This study examines a Nicaraguan educational reform movement, initiated at universities located in Managua and Leon, which sought to promote social and economic change and the practical use of the natural sciences at the undergraduate college level. The study identifies major stakeholders in these science reform efforts and their diverse…
Karami Akkary, Rima
This paper pinpoints and discusses key aspects of the current approaches to school reform in the Arab world against the backdrop of what is accepted as the best practice in the international literature on effective school reform and educational change. The main goal of the paper is to highlight deeply ingrained assumptions and practices that are…
Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.
Qatar's education reform, which included implementation of a new finance system, appears to be providing schools with adequate funding but is still struggling with issues of transparency and swift policy shifts that have been difficult to accommodate. [For full report, "Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar", see ED504832.
This article outlines the main education reforms that have taken place in Greece from the 1960s until the present. The author discusses how the direction of these reforms has been influenced not only by "global" pressures for "modernization" but also by the distinctive socio-cultural Greek context. The conclusion stresses that despite the various…
Pongratz, Ludwig A.
This paper takes the vigorous political debate unleashed in Germany by the results of the PISA study as a stimulus to take a closer look at the strategic aims and effects of the current education reforms, of which the PISA study is only one example. It shows that the reform measures underpin a powerful process of normalisation. In this context,…
This paper highlights the active role played by various pedagogic agents in contesting the state educational reforms for madrasahs in Singapore. Drawing upon Basil Bernstein's pedagogic device, the paper identifies tensions and challenges that arise from the attempts by the state to implement curriculum reforms. The paper contends that the stakes…
Notes from the Field: Education Reform in Rural Kentucky, 1996
Since 1990, a long-term study has been following the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) in 21 schools in 4 rural school districts. This publication summarizes study findings through 1995. Findings across KERA strands suggest that reform would have been unlikely without KERA's extra funding, used to increase teacher…
Rachid Manseur; Adrian Ieta; Zohra Manseur
The need for reform in undergraduate engineering curricula has been recognized in recent years. One important and vital aspect of such a reform concerns preparatory mathematics in engineering education and the revision of mathematics content in a modern engineering curriculum, the topic of this panel session. It has become increasingly obvious that the standard series of three calculus courses followed
It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…
Education "reforms"' have been accelerated in the last decade in Turkey. Teachers, as the main actors of the education system, have developed a variety of responses to the reforms implemented in the field of education, both individually and collectively. They give directions to the change process in education by means of their trade…
Wei, Wu, Comp.; And Others
This publication consists of seven papers on educational reform in China chosen mainly from major Chinese journals of education science. "The Decision on Reforming the Educational System Made by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China," published in May 1985, is a particularly important document concerning the Chinese educational…
Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di
In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from…
Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.
The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan—the implementation of public kindergartens—and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of kindergartens was selected to represent these new public kindergartens (n = 84) and previously existing private kindergartens (n = 23). Independent observers rated the quality of kindergarten environments in seven domains. Overall, 13% of public kindergarten environments were observed to be inadequate, 43% were of minimal quality, 43% were good, and 1% were excellent. In four of the seven domains, the quality of public kindergartens was significantly higher than the quality of private kindergartens; there were no significant differences in the other domains. Findings suggest the importance of continuing to implement high quality kindergartens in Jordan and of incorporating evaluations into education reform. PMID:21170163
Smith, M. J.
The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the National Science Education Standards. The EarthComm (high school) and Investigating Earth Systems (middle school) curriculum programs were developed through funding from the National Science Foundation and corporate sponsors of the AGI Foundation, and published for the 2002-2003 schol year. The AGI is now actively involved in developing and refining systems for supporting the professional development of teachers who implement EarthComm and Investigating Earth Systems. The paper presentation will outline how AGI is supporting teachers through a combination of web-based programs, teacher workshops, and DVD and video materials.
William A. Firestone
Although recent efforts to reform teacher pay through merit pay and career ladders have not been successful, there are good reasons to consider new approaches. However, such changes should be a part of larger reform. This article assesses how changes in teacher pay can contribute to both systemic reform and restructuring agendas. Three specific alternatives-knowledge-and skill-based pay, job enlargement, and
Now in its third year of implementation, the new secondary education teacher preparation program at Kansas State University (KSU) is designed to enhance the climate for educational reform. The program includes liberal arts studies, a defined course of study for each secondary teaching discipline, and three sequentially ordered semester blocks of…
Mareschal, Teresa L.
The history of adult Jewish education is rich and is replete with learning opportunities for Jewish adults, and Jewish women are active participants in adult Jewish education. In this chapter, the author examines Reform Jewish women's motivations to participate in adult Jewish education. First, she provides a historical overview of Judaism and…
Birzea, Cesar; And Others
This document analyzes the Romanian education system since the political changes of 1989. The objectives of the report are: (1) the analysis of the education condition, insisting on the obstructions that prevent the starting of the reform itself; (2) the analysis of the main developments in the educational system in the first three ears of the…
I-ru, Chen Dorothy
As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…
Derya ?en; Alankar Bandyopadhyay
This paper will examine current discussions in Turkey centered around the likely decentralization of its educational system as part of ongoing reform efforts in public administration. Ironically, both proponents and opponents of the education decentralization problematize issues related to resource allocation and discrepancies in educational quality and access under the current centralized system. Proponents argue that greater autonomy at the
Schulz, Roland M.
This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.
Fomichova, Kseniya; Kazama, Futaba; Misonou, Taku
This study analyses and evaluates the impact of two recent (2001 and 2010) education reforms on Ukrainian secondary schools, and, in particular, on science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology and Earth science), in terms of the structural, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the reformed disciplines. It also examines societal…
This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…
Ever since the 2001 passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), states have faced a federal mandate to improve their ability to collect and analyze education data for the purpose of tracking and reporting the progress of their education reform efforts. With the assistance of federal funds, virtually all of the states are developing…
Mayo, John K.; And Others
A detailed report describes the planning, development, operation, results, and problems of an experiment in instructional television in El Salvador. Unlike other developing countries, El Salvador conceived of educational television as an integral component of national educational reform, embracing curriculum revision, teacher training, and new…
Ingle, Henry T.
The educational reform effort begun in 1968 in El Salvador is described in both English and Spanish. The first stage was aimed at alleviating the bottleneck in the school system at the junior high school level. Although the technology of instructional television was the most visible and highly publicized element of El Salvador's educational…
Conway, Paul F.
The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…
Qiao-Ying Wu; Chun-Sheng Wu
China's apparel higher education has experienced significant transformations to accommodate the development of society and economy. One purpose of this paper is to review the current changes in apparel higher education through reform and reconstruction during the past two decades in a historical perspective. Another purpose is to identify the new challenges and problems met in terms of globalization, mass
Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William
This article focuses on the latest developments in higher educational policy in the Russian Federation and the influence of international organizations such as the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on these policies and education reforms. This article's primary purpose is to explore how the newly…
Hanauer, David I.; Bauerle, Cynthia
The direction of innovation and reform in science education is moving toward a student-centered learning paradigm that is organized around core concepts and competencies, and engaged through empirically supported instructional practices. What forms of assessment would support these educational aims? Several characteristics of a compatible…
Castro, Claudio de Moura; Levy, Daniel C.
This book attempts to make sense of the dynamics in higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean, examining institutions, rules, incentives, and functions. The analysis of the diverse experience of higher education in Latin America is linked to suggestions for policy reform. In particular, the book addresses principal myths that…
Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.
This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…
As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…
Richard R. Hake
Several years ago I reported a survey (Hake 1998a,b,c) of pre\\/post test data for 62 introductory physics courses enrolling a total of 6542 students. The present article provides a summary of that survey and presents fourteen lessons from the physics-education reform effort that may assist the general upgrading of education and science literacy.
Davies, Scott; Guppy, Neil
Examines the coincident nature of recent educational reforms (multiculturalism, skills training, curricular redesign, school choice) in Canada and four other Anglophone democracies as related to two forms of globalization: economic globalization and global rationalization and standardization. Concludes that globalization is transforming education…
Bednarz, Sarah W.
Textbooks play a central role in the US education system. High school level World Geography textbooks are an important tool in the campaign to reform geography education in the United States, particularly through the introduction of the National Geography Standards. The status of the Standards in US schools is appraised. Five factors (authority,…
This paper estimates the impact of the Michigan school finance reform, "Proposal A," on education inputs and test scores. Using a difference-in-difference estimation strategy, I find that school districts in Michigan used the increase in educational spending generated through "Proposal A" to increase teacher salaries and reduce class size to a…
Galassi, John P.
This paper defines and describes nontraditional Professional Development School (PDS) sites, atypical collaborations, and the responsibility of schools, colleges, and departments of education in selecting and developing those sites. The paper suggests that the influence of PDSs on both school reform and the preparation of educators is likely to be…
This article critically examines two sets of ideas that have influenced educational reform in the recent past: managerialism and market approaches. It is argued that while each can be demonstrated to have led to useful change, neither provides a basis for future improvement in education. A recent example of change within the State School sector of…
Muller, Eve; Burdette, Paula
Evidence suggests that students throughout the nation are not being adequately prepared for post-secondary life and that students with disabilities face even greater post-school challenges (Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Garza, & Levine, 2005). In response to such evidence, many states and localities are initiating high school reform activities and, in…
Background New demands are imposed by rapid change in the education system; these, in turn, cause stress. Previous studies have suggested that the degree of stress experienced by students is affected by characteristics of education, teachers and the students themselves.Purpose To identify student and teacher characteristics that determine the stress experienced by students in Dutch secondary education.Sample The sample consisted
Asche, F. Marion
A literature review and analysis was undertaken in order to present policymakers in Georgia with broad overview of the issues related to planning in vocational education and to propose a modified programmatic model for vocational education that would incorporate contemporary thinking about the mission of secondary vocational education and…
Labaree, David F.
Contrasting rhetorics of the two Holmes Group reports are examples of the polar types of educational rhetoric that have characterized the literature on educational reform in the United States. In "Tomorrow's Teachers," the argument for educational reform rests on technical grounds; the position is that of the educational expert and the reform…
Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008
Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…
Meziobi, D. I.; Oyeoku, E. K.; Ezegbe, B. N.
The UBE (universal basic education) is one of the laudable reforms in education in Nigeria, which is implemented through social studies instruction. This study investigated social studies teachers' capability for effective implementation of the UBE in junior secondary schools in Orlu education zone of Imo State of Nigeria. The study is a survey…
One educational change that is beginning to take hold is the use of alternative ways of testing and assessment, often referred to as authentic assessment. Advocates of authentic assessment believe that conventional testing is distorting educational goals, while authentic assessment can foster good educational practices. In fact, many educators…
Raffe, David; Howieson, Cathy; Tinklin, Teresa
There is a cross-national trend towards unified curriculum and qualifications frameworks in upper secondary education, but such reforms face epistemological, political and institutional barriers and "unification" remains a contested issue in many countries, including England. This article examines the experience of the Scottish Higher Still…
Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan
This work attempts to determine whether the recent educational reforms in Poland are making it more difficult for discipline to be maintained in schools. It is concluded that the changes have a negative impact upon school discipline because the likelihood of mixed-ability classes in junior secondary institutions is high. The theoretical framework…
Kauerz, Kristie Anne
State-level policy attention to young children's early learning opportunities burgeons; a sense of urgency exists to identify reform agendas that are both effective and sustainable. "P-3" often is used as the term for the first level of a seamless P-20 system that stretches from early childhood through post-secondary education. While it is…
Gueron, Judith M.; Hamilton, Gayle
States have used variants of these three approaches to structure the welfare to-work component of welfare reform for single mothers: (1) put education or training first; (2) place job searching first; and (3) create a flexible program that allows staff and participants choice in the initial and subsequent activities. Research on these program…
Stork, F. C.
Calls for the study of language in secondary schools, discusses components of language study, notes the failure of the Bullock Report to point out the importance of language study, and discusses four characteristics of language that could serve as starting points for the study of language in secondary schools. (GT)
Polelo, Mompati Mino
A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…
Santa Maria Joint Union High School District, CA.
The program description and the newspaper advertisement presented describe the efforts of the Santa Maria Joint Union High School District (California) to implement the reforms mandated in California's SB 813, especially in the area of discipline policy, and to keep the public informed of those efforts. The program description provides an overview…
John J. Halcón; María de la Luz Reyes
The current excellence-in-education movement has dealt a heavy blow to the advancement of Hispanics seeking degrees in higher education. Attempting to reform education while ignoring the concerns of minorities who traditionally have not fared well in schools strongly suggests that reformers expect the benefits of reform to “trickle down” to minorities after first benefiting mainstream students. The result is that
Magisos, Joel H.; And Others
This collection comprises five papers that were prepared in response to the recent series of national reports criticizing American secondary education. In "A General Overview," Joel H. Magisos uses previous analyses and syntheses of the recommendations contained in the group of national studies to draw implications for vocational education.…
Poole, Vicki A.; Zahn, Donald K.
Whether vocational education has a future in secondary schools depends on the vocational community's willingness to change. To prepare students for the next century, educators cannot simply repackage the same disciplines. Content must be restructured to meet present and future needs. (Author)
Clark, Sara Vicky
The purposes of this quantitative descriptive and correlational study were to describe the science achievements of secondary agricultural education students and determine if the number of agricultural education courses passed, FFA involvement, and SAE participation would statistically significantly improve students' performance on science…
A survey of all secondary schools in a southern English county found that 4.6% offered outdoor education courses, 15% had discontinued such courses in the last 5 years, 46% included outdoor/adventure activities in physical-education curricula, and 88% ran short residential trips temporarily replacing the school curriculum. Discusses obstacles and…
Radford City Schools, VA.
The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…
Wilson, Herbert B.
The basic point to be considered in establishing a curriculum for elementary and secondary schools in the arid areas of the world is relevancy. Usually, the educational system of an area reflects the dominant culture of the political power in control. However, the educational system of the dominant culture might not be relevant to the people of…
Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.
The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about…
...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...
...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...
...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...
...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...
...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...
Martin, Jane; Goodman, Joyce
Discusses principles and educational change practices that led to educational progressivism in the second half of the twentieth century. Highlights elements of change and action expounded by educators who presented papers at the 2000 History of Education Society Conference (Birmingham, Alabama). (MER)
Rosenthal, Daniel M.
Restrictions on collective bargaining are spreading. But while reformers are right to question current labor practices in education, they're wrong to believe that bargaining prohibitions will solve the problems. A smarter approach would begin by putting down the sledgehammer wielded in Wisconsin and picking up a scalpel by pushing for laws…
Kronley, Robert A.
The Columbia Group is a network of nine state-based organizations that are committed to promoting education reform. Each of these organizations exists and works in a specific and unique environment. Group members are essentially small nonprofit organizations with full-time staffs. The significant success that Columbia Group organizations have had…
Notes the passing of the deadline for fulfillment of the national education goals in the United States, the beginning of the year 2000, and indicates that pressures on schools to solve social problems will continue to make school reform a politically opportune and very visible issue. (SLD)
Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.; Mereku, Kofi D.; Amedahe, Francis K.; Etsey, Kofui; Adu, John
Over two decades, national assessments in Ghana have revealed generally poor performances across curriculum-based tests for primary school (Grades 1-6). Various reform agendas have been applied to the education system, sometimes with isolated success, but the overall performances remained stable and low. Surveying teacher mentors in schools…
MacPhail-Wilcox, Bettye; King, Richard A.
Educational reform depends more on clearly defined missions and operational efficiency than on improved teacher quality. This article defines adequacy, equality, equity, and efficiency; examines numerous production function studies of teacher characteristics and policy and administrative structures; and summarizes seven policy implications.…
Wade, Howard H.
Schools are realizing that carefully collected and analyzed data represent the key to educational improvement. This digest outlines the most useful types of data to drive the school-improvement process, steps that must be taken to collect and analyze data, the role of administrators in guiding the data-driven reform process, and results that can…
Purpose: This paper considers the theme of reform and change during the restructuring of the Macedonian Teacher Education programme at the University of Skopje, undertaken by a Tempus Phare project during 1999-2001. Background: The project was commissioned by the European Union following a report by Bethall (1997), a consultant on Teacher…
Stojanov, Georgi; Angeloska-Galevska, Natasha
The system of higher education in Macedonia is undergoing the largest reform process since the mid-1940s. The context is rather turbulent. Fourteen years after Macedonia's separation from the Yugoslav Federation, this small country now deals with an unstable political situation (the Kosovo question) and awaits an answer from Brussels (expected in…
This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…
STEM education reform A public research university imperative! University of Florida A significant and growing portion of future U.S. jobs will require proficiency in the STEM fields from majors and workers their intended STEM majors, shortchanging the national human resource capacity in these vital areas. Many other
Prospects for financing educational reform in West Virginia are grim. Added to the state's high unemployment rate are the following problems: declining sales, income, and property tax revenues and erosion of federal support due to Gramm-Rudman-Hollings. Residents have set other priorities for public funding. Includes five references. (MLH)
Balch, Stephen H.
In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…
Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…
Mungazi, Dickson A.; Walker, L. Kay
The purpose of this study is to furnish evidence supporting the conclusion that the thrust for the transformation of southern Africa, that region of Africa south of the equator, cannot be initiated without responding to the need for fundamental educational reform. In this study, transformation is defined as basic change in the structure of…
Snow, Marguerite Ann; Cortes, Viviana; Pron, Alejandra V.
Discusses initial experiences with content-based instruction in Argentina. The new approach was precipitated in part by educational reform. Suggests that the dramatic shift from a grammar-based approach to a communicative approach, and the use of language as a tool for instruction may become overwhelming for most teachers. (Author/VWL)
Zehr, Mary Ann
This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…
Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…
Branscomb, Lewis M.; Johnson, Rollin B.
The reform of K-12 math and science education will require a national, multisector, bipartisan effort sustained for at least two decades. The effort will involve all levels of government, communities, local businesses, and schools. The federal government has a pivotal role to play.
Warner, Linda Sue; Deaton, Brady J.; Briscoe, G. S.
This paper addresses the role of Rural Systemic Initiatives (RSIs) in linking tribally controlled colleges to systemic reform efforts in rural communities. RSI is a program implemented in 1994 by the National Science Foundation to improve science and mathematics education in rural areas. RSIs were established in regions with low population density…
Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.
This is one of a series of individualized instructional packets designed to help students and teachers as they cooperatively plan secondary social studies objectives, evaluate learning, and develop curriculum. The learning packet is designed for the intermediate student and includes: a pre- and post test; three lessons with major generalizations…
Lewis, Gary M.
Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (
Goodwin, Mac Arthur
Considers educational reform and arts education, asserting that education is at a strategic inflection point (a transition from old to new ways). Discusses the importance of student learning, the signals for the inflection point, the knowledge of students and teachers, the role of teacher education, and a framework for attending to the inflection…
Jean Lehmann; Brian Cobb; Suzanne Tochterman
This article explores the relationship between the school-to-career transition research findings and current school reform initiatives. We identified three compilations of secondary transition-related research (i.e., Kohler, 1993; Hughes, Hwang, Kim, Killian, Jarmer, & Alcantara, 1997; Phelps & Hanley-Maxwell, 1997) as sources documenting empirical trends within the field. To analyze the information these compilations provided, we grouped their results into four
Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.
Hsu, T.; Tien, K. C.
This research investigates selected South Dakota science educational outcomes as a function of selected educational reform policies. In the state of South Dakota, echoing divergent reform initiatives from "A Nation at Risk" to "No Child Left Behind," new guidelines and requirements have been instituted. Yet, very little effort has been made to assess the progress of these educational changes. In this study, selected educational outcomes-SAT8/9/10 scores-as a function of selected South Dakota educational reform policies were examined. School districts, ranked in the top and bottom five percent of socioeconomic status (SES) in the state, were selected for analysis. Comparison on student's science educational outcomes was also be made between the two major ethnic populations-Caucasians and Native Americans. All research questions were stated in the null form for hypothesis for statistical testing. Critical t was the statistic technique used to test the hypotheses. The findings revealed that the selected reform policies in South Dakota appeared to assist students from the higher socioeconomic backgrounds to perform better than pupils from the lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The academic performance for the ethnic and social class minorities remained unchanged within the study timeline for reform. Examined from the prism of Michael Apple's critical theory, the selected South Dakota reform policies have paid little attention to the issues of social equality. Continuing and collective efforts to promote equitable reform policies for enhancing the learning experience of all children in South Dakota seem necessary.
Møller, Jorunn; Skedsmo, Guri
Since the end of the 1980s, the Norwegian education system has gone through major reform, influenced largely by new managerialist ideas. Strategies to renew the public sector were promoted as the new public management (NPM). This paper investigates the way ideas connected to NPM reforms have been introduced and interpreted in the Norwegian…
This paper discusses the key issues and concerns in the Cambodian government's efforts to implement three priority education policies for 2006-2010: ensure equitable access to education; increase quality and efficiency of the education services; and promote institutional development and capacity building for decentralisation. This paper identifies…
Mngo, Zachary Y.
Problem Statement. The literature on education in Cameroon suggests that there is a deep-rooted history of resistance to educational reform and harmonization both at the K12 and higher education levels. Attempts by political and educational leaders to reform and harmonize the two very distinct systems of education, inherited from former colonizers…
Choosing of the theme was determined by the Central-Eastern European educational reforms, the role of the educators in the process of changing in the educational system and the enlargement of the social demands towards the schools. The aim of our the research is on the connection between the educational reforms and the educators. Partly, it is due…
Jetty, Lauren E.
The purpose of this two-phase, sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was to understand and explain the variation seen in secondary science teachers' enactment of reform-based instructional practices. Utilizing teacher socialization theory, this mixed-methods analysis was conducted to determine the relative influence of secondary science teachers' characteristics, backgrounds and experiences across their teacher development to explain the range of teaching practices exhibited by graduates from three reform-oriented teacher preparation programs. Data for this study were obtained from the Investigating the Meaningfulness of Preservice Programs Across the Continuum of Teaching (IMPPACT) Project, a multi-university, longitudinal study funded by NSF. In the first quantitative phase of the study, data for the sample (N=120) were collected from three surveys from the IMPPACT Project database. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the separate as well as the combined influence of factors such as teachers' personal and professional background characteristics, beliefs about reform-based science teaching, feelings of preparedness to teach science, school context, school culture and climate of professional learning, and influences of the policy environment on the teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. Findings indicate three blocks of variables, professional background, beliefs/efficacy, and local school context added significant contribution to explaining nearly 38% of the variation in secondary science teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. The five variables that significantly contributed to explaining variation in teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices in the full model were, university of teacher preparation, sense of preparation for teaching science, the quality of professional development, science content focused professional, and the perceived level of professional autonomy. Using the results from phase one, the second qualitative phase selected six case study teachers based on their levels of reform-based teaching practices to highlight teachers across the range of practices from low, average, to high levels of implementation. Using multiple interview sources, phase two helped to further explain the variation in levels of reform-based practices. Themes related to teachers' backgrounds, local contexts, and state policy environments were developed as they related to teachers' socialization experiences across these contexts. The results of the qualitative analysis identified the following factors differentiating teachers who enacted reform-based instructional practices from those who did not: 1) extensive science research experiences prior to their preservice teacher preparation; 2) the structure and quality of their field placements; 3) developing and valuing a research-based understanding of teaching and learning as a result of their preservice teacher preparation experiences; 4) the professional culture of their school context where there was support for a high degree of professional autonomy and receiving support from "educational companions" with a specific focus on teacher pedagogy to support student learning; and 5) a greater sense of agency to navigate their districts' interpretation and implementation of state polices. Implications for key stakeholders as well as directions for future research are discussed.
Xiaoyun Li; Xiuli Xu; Gubo Qi; Min Lu; Ronnie Vernooy
The Ministry of Education is currently implementing an ambitious and wide-ranging policy reform process to respond to rapid changing societal demands. The policy covers the establishment of academic specialties, reform of the mode of student training, strengthening teaching management, strengthening character education in universities, reform in the teaching of English, and adjustment of curricula. Based on our own involvement in
Ryan, Janette; Kang, Changyun; Mitchell, Ian; Erickson, Gaalen
The current round of basic education curriculum reform in China is considered by many to be the most radical and wide-reaching. However, very little is known about education reform at the school level. Here we document and discuss some of the challenges and opportunities that the reform programme is providing for teachers and schools. We describe…
Hallinger, Philip; Lee, Moosung
This study addresses the perceived gap between the vision of education reform in Thailand embodied in its Education Reform Law of 1999 and the results of implementation a decade later. Drawing upon opportunistic data obtained from a sample of 162 Thai school principals, we analyze trends in reform implementation across schools in all regions and…
Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if…
Amdur, Lillian B., Ed.; Flom, Bernard S., Ed.
This curriculum bulletin is designed as a guide for supervisors and physical education teachers concerned with organizing and administering instructional wrestling programs for boys in grades 7-12. Objectives, basic rules, and a scope and sequence chart are presented in the first chapter. The scope and sequence chart is included so that…
Schools Council, London (England).
The overall objective of this working paper, developed by the Schools Council Project on Religious Education (RE) is to encourage curriculum research and development. The specific objective is to examine the nature of RE and related issues, raising questions for public discussion and commentary feedback to the project. Part one looks at RE by: 1)…
Edward P. St. John; Genevieve Manset-Williamson; Choong-Geun Chung; Robert S. Michael
Evaluation studies seldom examine whether the rationales used to argue for an educational reform actually hold up when empirical evidence is examined after the reform has been implemented. This article examines survey data from 3 years of analyses of early reading interventions to examine three rationales that were used to argue for the program. First, there was evidence to support
E. H. Moore's Retiring Address as AMS President took place in 1902. Moore had a firm commitment to both teaching and research, but the theme of his address centered on mathematics education. On the role of AMS in education, he said: \\
Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan
Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…
Stephen E. Anderson; Wendy Togneri
National and state governments mandate policies that regulate and support the provision of public education in primary and\\u000a secondary schools. School personnel are expected to enact the delivery of education in accordance with government policies.\\u000a In many countries intermediary organizations exist that are authorized to manage the allocation of education resources and\\u000a the implementation of education policies for sets of
Paugh, Patricia C.; Fries, Mary Kim
Despite years of controversy about what counts as rigorous educational research and significant amounts of taxpayers' support for related reform of U.S. public schools, serious inequities in U.S. K-12 education remain. The authors of this essay bring the perspectives of two tenured university teacher educators who share a background of over 40…
Suetomi, Kaori; Murray, Nadezhda
The conditions required for a reform of the educational finance system as the foundation of compulsory education are 1) devolution to schools and introduction of national standards in order to deal with "individual equality" while compensating for the insufficiency of "aspectual equality," and 2) dealing with educational needs…
This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" provides a brief summary of several recent research studies on the role and value of education in the arts, as well as a look at the results of National Assessment of Educational Progress tests in music, visual arts and theater. A growing body of evidence points to the important role of arts…
Committee for Economic Development, 2005
This guide provides business leaders with a starting point for establishing a dialogue on higher education reform. Business leaders have a vested interest in ensuring that our institutions of higher education remain accessible, accountable, and affordable, because higher education provides the skilled workforce that businesses increasingly need.…
Naraian, Srikala; Oyler, Celia
As urban districts undertake special education reform initiatives to move toward inclusive schooling arrangements, educators are challenged to reflect critically on their practices to support greater participation of all students, including those with disabilities. The authors describe the narratives of three educators who participated in a…
de Lijser, Peter
Secondary Education 1/50 Secondary Education Masters of Science Degree A Student Guidebook to Completing the MSE Degree AY 10-11 Last Revised August 16, 2010 #12;Secondary Education 2 Education's Graduate Programs Committee: Victoria Costa, Lynda Randall, Fred Ramirez, Grace Cho, Maria Grant
Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.
The conference-based report is designed to help secondary school educators with the difficult and important task of deciding how and what to teach about nuclear arms and national security. The booklet intends to build a rationale and to develop a context or framework to assist in selecting approaches, teaching strategies, and appropriate materials…
van Batenburg, Theo A.; Lokman, Ineke H.
Research was conducted in the Netherlands to determine what variables at the school level contribute to the differences in school effectiveness in the senior secondary vocational education system. Information was gathered through questionnaires answered by a representative sample of 57 of the country's 276 senior vocational schools and through…
The educational and pyschological effects of the practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on secondary school students were examined. A course including TM technique was taught to two public high school classes of 30 volunteers each. One class took the TM course for both semesters; the other took an alternative course in self-development for the…
Perie, Marianne; Sherman, Joel D.; Phillips, Gabriele; Riggan, Matthew; Snyder, Thomas D.
This report compares elementary and secondary schools in the United States to schools in 11 other countries. It analyzes the role of schools in preparing students either to continue their education or to enter the labor force. It addresses such questions as "Are there more children in poverty in the United States than in other countries?" and…
Morris, Mary Frances
This review of literature on the need for educational reform in America focuses on the following seven reports, all of which were published in 1983: (1) "A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform," by the National Commission on Excellence in Education; (2) "Action for Excellence," by the Task Force on Education for Economic Growth,…
Emphasizes the call for excellence in education. Discusses the topic from the perspectives of teachers, parents, taxpayers, artists, and students. Concludes that the schools are making positive steps toward a systematic study of the arts and humanities. (GG)
Explores the role of higher education in the Dominican Republic and the need to mesh the mission of the university; the specific needs of its social, economic, and cultural environment; and the characteristics of a rapidly changing world. (EV)
Mary Kathryn Kelly
The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective,
US Department of Education, 2010
To help achieve President Obama's stated goal of ensuring that all students will be able to contribute as citizens in the U.S. democracy and to thrive in a global economy, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA").…
Jennings, John F., Ed.
The articles in this book examine the prominent elements of the Improving America's Schools Act, including the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). They describe how the large federal aid-to-education programs were brought into accord with the new agreement contained in Goals 2000. The book begins with a preface by…
Radford City Schools, VA.
The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…
This portal provides links to selected United States Geological Survey (USGS) educational resources that may be useful to educators in secondary school grades. Many of these resources can be used directly in the classroom, as preparation for lessons or demonstrations, or as resources for teacher education and curriculum development. Major topic areas include biology, geography, geology, and water resources. Resources (indicated by symbols) include complete teaching modules, classroom activities, and web-based resources. Items that have costs beyond basic printing or on-line viewing costs are also indicated by a symbol.
Louis M. Smith
By intent, this essay has several major guiding assumptions. First, it has an autobiographical flavor, that is, it attempts\\u000a to capture an individual’s thoughts and activities from the early days of educational reform in the mid twentieth century.\\u000a “Being around” and “involved” at that time carries its own kind of insight and testimonial. Second, an early case study of\\u000a Kensington,
Realities and Challenges of Educational Reform in the Province of Quebec: Exploratory Research on Teaching Science and Technology/Realites Et Defis De La Reforme Scolaire Quebecoise: Une Etude Exploratoire De L'Enseignement De La Science...
Potvin, Patrice; Dionne, Eric
Exploratory and descriptive research was conducted in a secondary school to reveal the realities and difficulties of the implementation process that awaits teachers under Quebec's Educational Reform. A team of teachers agreed to be observed while simulating implementation one year ahead of other schools. Results underscore the importance of…
Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…
Steiner, David M.
This book argues that democratic education should equip citizens to be "the measure of all things." The volume contends that the voices of society should develop the skills of questioning, criticizing, and reconstructing the language of the day in order to dissect the rhetoric of politics, economy, and culture. But the volume asserts that these…
Nelson, Richard C.
Contrasts two fourth-grade teachers' treatment of a student's robin eggshell. One teacher continues with a conventional, text-based science lesson; the other asks what the eggshell means and helps students devise research questions to be pursued in the library and in art class. Also, seven provocative questions are posed for would-be education…
Blodget, Alden S.
People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…
This textbook analyzes successful innovations in education. The first chapter provides an overview of the book, which is followed by a review of classical studies and disasters that have accompanied innovation. Chapter 3 offers a series of separate stories about the different ways teachers have responded to changes, and chapter 4 tries to reverse…
Hirsch, E. D., Jr.
Longitudinal analysis of early childhood education, such as that in Project Follow Through, shows the superiority of explicit skill instruction for the acquisition of basic reading skills. But these early gains do not eventuate in significant progress in reading achievement in later grades, especially among disadvantaged youth. This is not for…
Billingsley, K. L., Ed.
This collection presents a sampling of opinions of both proponents and opponents in the school choice debate from a variety of professional perspectives, including academics, bureaucrats, politicians, union leaders, economists, lawyers, parents, and activists. The following essays are included: (1) "School Choice Promotes Educational Excellence in…
Hydon, Stephen; Wong, Marleen; Langley, Audra K; Stein, Bradley D; Kataoka, Sheryl H
Teachers can be vulnerable to secondary traumatic stress (STS) because of their supportive role with students and potential exposure to students' experiences with traumas, violence, disasters, or crises. STS symptoms, similar to those found in posttraumatic stress disorder, include nightmares, avoidance, agitation, and withdrawal, and can result from secondary exposure to hearing about students' traumas. This article describes how STS presents, how teachers can be at risk, and how STS can manifest in schools. A US Department of Education training program is presented, and thoughts on future directions are discussed. PMID:25773327
This article reviews current policy trends concerning the practice of ability grouping in K-12 science education. Relevant statements of key policy-making, policy-influencing organizations such as the NSTA, AAAS, NSF, the National Research Council, the U.S. Office of Education Department of Civil Rights, NAACP, the National Governors' Association, programs related to the Jacob Javits Grants for the Gifted and Talented, and others are summarized. The author's interpretation of the various positions are presented herein. The article also explores the research base supporting the various policies on grouping by examining selected general research literature on grouping, followed by research that is science education specific. Methodological issues color the research findings. The ethical and pragmatic implications of developing research and policy are discussed. The conclusions are that there is a dearth of recent empirical research specifically related to ability grouping in science, and that the time is ripe for the concerted development of a research agenda by key players in science education reform. Moreover, as controversial and value-laden as the topic is, it should be noted that grouping practices alone are unlikely to influence science education reform unless considered in the context of comprehensive restructuring efforts at the local school level.Received: 10 April 1993; Revised: 26 August 1993;
This publication describes general conditions and problems affecting secondary education in Albania. Section 1 highlights the political, socioeconomic, and educational context of the country. Since World War II, Albania has experienced an increase in the number of students that was not matched by qualitative improvement necessary in a democractic…
Dei, George J. Sefa; Karumanchery, Leeno L.
Critically examines recent market-oriented educational reforms in Ontario and their impact on socially disadvantaged groups. Argues that current trends lead toward a "marketization" of education in Ontario, as the rhetoric of cost-effectiveness and bureaucratic efficiency shifts the official agenda of educational reform away from equity…
Veronica L. Diptoadi; Susana Teopilus
This paper discusses how teacher education departments in Indonesia should prepare themselves for the reforms in the Indonesian educational system to face the challenges of the 21st Century. It starts with a short overview of the reforms needed in Indonesian education from elementary until tertiary level in order to create qualified human resources. The second section focuses on the changes
Hansen, Joe B.
Although educational reformers frequently use the words "system,""systemic change," and "systemic approach," many lack a fundamental understanding of the systems concept. This paper describes the application of systems theory to the problems of educational reform and educational assessment. It introduces basic concepts and principles and describes…
This exploration of evaluation strategies for systemic educational reform considers whether there is a way to design an assessment and delivery system that can accomplish the goals of the total educational process. A basic question that must be addressed in systemic reform is the role of education in the socialization processes of society. Beyond…
Kazal-Thresher, D. M.
The potential of educational finance reform to create more uniform, equitable educational opportunities for minorities and low-income students may exceed previous desegregation efforts via court litigation. This article discusses the ability of state-controlled finance reforms to meet a major segregation goal (improved educational quality)…
Wang, Catherine Yan
China has made huge strides in expanding access to higher education since the 1980s. The main approach to achieve mass higher education was cost-sharing reforms of tertiary education. This article examines the policy reforms that affected tuition, fees and subsidies for tertiary students since the end of the 1980s and looks at the effects in terms…
Traditional efforts to reform education have not succeeded because the education system has resisted major change. Achieving meaningful reform will require educational restructuring, and this restructuring will have to be based on competition, which is a basic fact of every other profession. For this reason, many states are moving to adopt…
Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan Gery W.; Karam, Rita; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Orr, Nate; Goldman, Charles A.; Al-Thani, Hessa; Al-Obaidli, Kholode
The leadership of Qatar is greatly invested in its K-12 education reform, "Education for a New Era," because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the K-12…
Jones, Alan H., Ed.
This seminar discussed the civic preparation that educators themselves need to enable them to better prepare elementary and secondary students to become more effective and responsible citizens. The proceedings began with a paper on "Civil Learning for Teachers: Capstone for Educational Reform," by R. Freeman Butts. Following this, the five general…
Sherman, Mary Antoinette Brown
This paper by the former president of the University of Liberia on building consensus for higher education reform in Africa begins by identifying three obstacles to reform: (1) lack of understanding of the complex African context which could result in setting the wrong goals for reform; (2) a political situation that inhibits freedom of thought…
Brook, Diane L.
Perceptions of the reform of segregated education at urban/suburban schools, township schools, and rural mission schools in South Africa are presented. Reform is most evident in former white schools and private schools, but lags behind in African and rural schools. Official reforms with grassroots efforts are needed to eradicate apartheid. (MMU)
Sargent, Tanja Carmel
Response to the implementation of the new curriculum reforms varies by regional context. A study of the effects of reform implementation on basic education in rural Gansu contributes to understanding the reforms in resource-constrained environments in China. Drawing on rich data from linked teacher, principal, student, and county administrator…
275 The New Reform of the Mathematics Curriculum in the Compulsory Education in China Ma Yunpeng1 including mathematics curriculum reform. The paper simply introduces the mathematics curriculum reform. The curriculum content was inclined to be difficult and narrow. The content scope that mathematics curriculum
Jameson, Kenneth P.
Suggests that recent higher education reforms in Ecuador have not had the support necessary for enactment and, if enacted, will have minor impact. Offers strategies for moving this reform to center stage, including: a new vision of development; responding to changes in the external environment; realism; a critical stance against existing reforms;…
Richard J. Shavelson; Gail P. Baxter; Jerome Pine; Jennifer Yuré; Susan R. Goldman; Bill Smith
Educational reform in the United States has been stymied, in part, by the mismatch between curricular reform (with its emphasis on problem solving and process) and traditional accountability systems (with multiple?choice tests, largely of factual recall). If teachers teach to the test, and they do, curricular reform is blunted. The purpose of this study was to create and evaluate alternative
National Science Resources Center, 2006
Systemic reform requires leaders with technical knowledge of the five essential components of science education reform, as well as access to products and services that can be used to move leaders through the various stages of reform. During the past two decades, the National Science Resources Center (NSRC) has developed differentiated products and…
Examines implementation of educational reforms in the Latin American-Caribbean region during the 1990s, based on national case studies (Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Jamaica, and Paraguay), descriptions of nationally supported projects, and discussions with reformers and researchers. Despite similarities in reforms' origins and components, each…
Carolyn C. Landel
In this chapter, the authors make the case for the importance of partnerships for science education reform. Building and nurturing appropriate partners for tasks large and small helps to overcome formidable barriers. Good partnerships can shorten the time from planning to implementation and help ensure that reforms are sustained long enough to have the anticipated impact. But partnerships are complex and fragile. To create and sustain them requires expending valuable resources--time, energy, and money--careful planning, and continuous evaluation, feedback, and nurturing (Kingsley and O'Neil 2004). To illustrate their main points, the authors will use the National Science Foundation- (NSF) funded Mathematics and Science Partnership (MSP) program that they direct as a source of examples.
Bardeen, Marjorie G.; /Fermilab; Johansson, K.Erik; /Stockholm U.; Young, M.Jean
This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.
UK higher education reform (BIS, ) has been presented as a common-sense movement towards efficiency. This article will argue that, in reality, the marketisation of higher education is a movement towards negative freedom, defined after Berlin (2007) as unrestricted choice. Using Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" as a means to explore the…
Weiss, Tarin Harrar
Reforming science education is a multidimensional and complex undertaking. Of extreme importance is transforming how teachers teach. Answering the equity call of reform initiatives requires focusing on the underlying values and beliefs guiding teacher action and the promotion of inclusive practices (Brickhouse, 2001; Harding, 1994; Eisenhart, Finkel, & Marion, 1995; Mayberry & Rees, 1999; Rodriguez, 1997). Reform efforts within the last decade are being directed at college level science courses. Course and pedagogical transformations are particularly aimed at increasing the numbers of females and persons of color in science and improving the education of preservice teachers. Facilitating transformations toward these goals at the individual and program level is challenging work. This study explores and describes the conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy. Two science professors affiliated with a reform collaborative were the main participants of the research. The professors, in collaboration with the primary researcher, engaged in assisted action research that lead to the identification and descriptions of their context and practical teaching theories. Among the questions explored were: "How does placing the professor in a position to conduct an assisted action research project help to foster teacher change conditions?" "How do the practical theories guiding the professors' teaching foster or impede inclusionary practice?" "What necessary conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy emerged from the study?". Using case study and ethnographic qualitative research strategies for data collection and analysis, this study affords a unique perspective through which to consider why and how science professors change their practice. Data indicated that the assisted action research strategy fostered the conditions of teacher change. In addition, findings revealed that the professors shared a teacher and curriculum centered teaching philosophy and an ethic of care and respect for their students that, in varying ways, both supported and impeded inclusive practice. Teacher change was heavily mediated by departmental contexts. Assertions are made about the necessary conditions of teacher change toward an inclusive pedagogy and implications for further research are explored.
Lani Florian; Kathryn Young; Martyn Rouse
Inclusive education is based on the principle that local schools should provide for all children and young people regardless of any perceived social, emotional, cultural intellectual or linguistic difference or disability. This paper identifies key concepts associated with inclusive education and discusses them in relation to issues in the reform of teacher education. It argues that the reform of teacher
Pole, Christopher J., Ed.; Chawla-Duggan, Rita, Ed.
The 1988 Education Reform Act precipitated major educational change in the United Kingdom. This book is a compilation of papers originally presented at the 1994 Centre for Educational Development Appraisal and Research (CEDAR) conference at the University of Warwick (England). The papers focus on changes that have occurred and are occurring in the…
Karakhanyan, Susanna; van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, T.C.M.
The paper seeks to understand how higher education policy from the European Community is defused and transferred to Armenia, a developing country. Particularly, this study aims to delve deeper in the actual implementation process of higher education reforms in Armenia through teachers' perceptions. The findings mainly reveal that teachers do long…
This quote, taken from a piece written by the Education Commission of the States (ECS) nearly 30 years ago, demonstrates that researchers have long recognized the relationship between quality education reform and the structure of a state's school funding system. However, many policymakers continue to view their state's school funding formula not…
da Silva, Ana Tereza Medeirosa; de Souza, Jordana Silva; da Silva, César Cavalcanti; da Nóbrega, Maria Miriam Lima; de Oliveira Filha, Maria; Barros, Sônia; Braga, João Euclides
This study is the result of research conducted by senior students of the Nursing Course on the conceptions of the mental health/disease process in the perspective of the Psychiatric Reform proposed countrywide. It was based on the theoretical-methodological system of the Historical and Dialectical Materialism and it has Work as its category of analysis. The empirical material was analyzed through the Speech Analysis technique. The themes gathered from the speeches converged into the formation of an empirical category that refers to the reproduction of the knowledge of traditional psychiatry in the teaching of Nursing, indicating a professional education based on that conservative social position. PMID:16047814
Schulz, Roland M.
This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific "philosophy" of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with…
As the first year of the Sixteenth National People's Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), as well as the first year for the new government, the year 2003 witnessed new events and new expectations in Chinese society. The universalization of compulsory education and the elimination of adult illiteracy made new advancements. Secondary…
Rethinking Special Education: How To Reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.
This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning reforming the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Highlights of the testimony include: (1) adding accountability measures to IDEA; (2) providing procedural relief without reducing protections for students with…
Wieseman, Katherine Claire
The purpose of this study was: (1) to contribute to current understandings of teachers' perspectives of standards-based science education reform, and (2) to describe and document the relationships between the personal theories about science teaching and learning held by three "unique" experienced primary teachers and the teachers' understandings of a state-level standards-based vision of school science. These teachers were unique because they had been members of a two year-long district-level standards-based science curriculum reform initiative. This study was framed by the conception of personal theories as a representation of teacher beliefs. This qualitative case study extended from the summer of 1996 through the spring of 1998. Methods of data collection were: interviewing and informal conversations, participant observation, video and audio taping, generation of field notes, and examination of documents and artifacts. Data analysis involved constant comparison of data, generation of categories, description of properties of and relationships between categories, and theorizing about the data. The results of this qualitative case study revealed that, overall, direct involvement in the science curriculum reform effort was a positive and meaningful professional development experience providing opportunities for personal and professional growth. For two of the teachers, the experience signified a turning point in the history of their personal theories about science teaching and learning. Although the reform effort was philosophically grounded in a state-level standards-based vision of school science, implementing the new hands-on science program, adopted as a dimension of the work of the reform effort, was in the forefront of teachers' thoughts. A standards vision played a secondary role as a referrent for thinking about the teaching of science. The findings suggest that teachers' personal theories could act as mediating forces in teachers' endeavors to understand contemporary science education reform. Generally, the teachers felt that a standards vision complimented their personal theories. They agreed with reform ideas like coherent K-12 curriculum development based on a depth over breadth approach, emphasis of science as both a knowledge base and as inquiry, the teacher role as facilitator, and learners' active engagement in learning. The teachers also noted challenges for the future of standards-based science education reform, including: commitment by local and state authorities to systemic reform for a hands-on/minds-on science program, the practical feasibility of some reform ideas, and multiple interpretations of standards language.
McFadden, Charles P.
For more than 12 years, the Atlantic Science Curriculum Project (ASCP) has attempted to find a feasible path for educational reform in Canada. This search for a voluntary, regionally initiated path to educational reform was necessitated by the absence of substantial federal and provincial and private foundation sources of funding for science…
Frierson-Campbell, Carol, Ed.
This second volume, the follow-on to "Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 1: A Guide to Survival, Success, and Reform," extends the conversation to include educational leadership, teacher education, partnerships, and school reform. As with Volume 1, classroom music teachers, inner city arts administrators, well-known academics, and…
Robert D. Colbert; Tamisha Bouknight
School counselor success at meeting student developmental goals rests significantly upon their abilities to collaborate with teachers. However, teacher time is being increasingly restricted to matters pertaining to local education reform agendas. Therefore, unless school counselors can design strategies to participate with teachers in education reform, counselors will be limited in their ability to influence student learning and development. In
This article presents an international perspective on Cochran-Smith and Fries’ (2001) recent analysis of the ways in which two competing ideologies are currently being employed in the United States in support of teacher education reform. In England over the last 15 years, teacher education has been fundamentally reformed and the arguments of both the “deregulators” and the “professionalizers” have been
Reports on an assessment that examined the role of school and public libraries in educational reform. Results for school libraries are reported related to student use, staffing, collections, equipment/technology, Internet access/use, needs, and involvement in educational reform efforts. Cooperation between schools and public libraries is also…
Liu, Ning Rong
China's adult institutions of higher education have launched comprehensive reforms in order to meet the increasing demands for professional training. As in many other countries, reforms in the educational system in China have been driven by economic and political changes, and these changes have been determined largely by the needs of the market.…
Aimee Howley; William Larson; Solange Andrianaivo; Megan Rhodes; Marged Howley
Researchers interviewed rural high school principals in order to learn about reform of mathematics education in their schools. Twenty principals from three rural regions of Ohio participated. A member of the research team conducted a semi-structured interview with each principal. Analysis of interview data suggested that schools were undertaking reform of mathematics education in response to state accountability standards and
With special reference to the People's Republic of China (PRC), this paper examines relationships between law, education reform and social transformation that have been under-researched. The argument is that, despite national leaders' high expectations, the use of law to effect or consolidate educational reform in the PRC is affected by both legal…
Slater, Graham B.
Building upon critical education policy studies of crisis, disaster, and reform, this essay develops a theory of "recovery" that further elaborates the nature and operation of "crisis politics" in neoliberal education reform. Recovery is an integral process in capital accumulation, exploiting material, and subjective…
Kinra, Reva Elaine
As medical educators strive to produce qualified physicians who are able to meet societal needs, the medical education system must continually reform itself to meet the demands of that changing society. Understanding the interactions between...
SECONDARY LICENSURE PROGRAM with MASTER'S OF EDUCATION Urban Institute for Teacher Education in partnership with the Departments of Education, Culture, & Society and Educational Leadership & Policy complete licensure requirements through the UITE and Master's of Education requirements through either
Anderson, Ashlee; Aronson, Brittany; Ellison, Scott; Fairchild-Keyes, Sherrie
With this article, we work to identify the limit-horizon of possible ideas, practices, and ways of talking about education reform and schooling via a critical discourse analysis of selected popular political and governmental texts. To do so, we explore the popular discourse of education reform in the United States through our analyses of three…
Geiger, Roger L.
With the reform of 1877-1885 and the subsequent expansion of higher education, the formal Napoleonic structure of the French university gave birth to an essentially new system. A historical study examines the origins and prewar evolutions of that phase of the development of French higher education begun by the reforms of the 1880's. The foremost…
Like Lemke (J Res Sci Teach 38:296-316, 2001), I believe that science education has not looked enough at the impact of the changing theoretical and global landscape by which it is produced and shaped. Lemke makes a sound argument for science education to look beyond its own discourses toward those like cultural studies and politics, and to which I would
This article discusses the general developments and challenges of Latin American public education systems from the 1970s to the late 1990s. A framework using five stages of equal educational opportunity is used to organize the findings: (1) Enrollment--Involves the mechanisms needed to enroll children in school; (2) Quality--Great disparities in…
Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Savelides, Socrates; Mihiotis, Athanassios; Koutsoukis, Nikitas-Spiros
Purpose: The Greek secondary education system lacks a formal crisis management system. The purpose of this paper is to address this problem as follows: elicit current crisis management practices, outline features for designing a formal crisis management system in Greece. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on a survey conducted with…
Research indicates that the use of metaphors to organize and frame questions concerning the teaching/learning process can be an effective tool. More problematic, however, has been the use of metaphor in framing policy questions, especially those metaphors employed to frame national education reform ideas. This article explores several research…
In 1970 the Commission for Educational Reform, established by Peru's revolutionary government, published its General Report giving a detailed analysis of the old system's shortcomings, a statement of the philosophical principles which should guide any alternative system, and a description of the form which such an alternative pattern might take.…
Schulz, Roland M.
The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to…
Haug, Carolyn A.; Marion, Scott F.
This document contains findings of a year-long evaluation of the Mathematics and Education Reform (MER) Forum, a voluntary association targeting the academic mathematics community in four-year colleges and universities. Specifically, the evaluation sought to assess the extent to which MER influenced its members' involvement in…
This report describes difficulties in educational reform faced by countries in transition, those post-communist countries from Eastern and Central Europe that have been changing their social, economic, and political systems since 1989. Romania is the case study used for this example and is viewed in terms of four stages: (1) deconstruction, an…
Auld, Euan; Morris, Paul
Education reform in England is increasingly portrayed as a quest to create "world class" schools through the transfer of features of "high performing" school systems. The demand for evidence to support policy borrowing has been serviced by an influential intermediary network, which uses international data banks to compare…
As a state legislator, you're well aware of the fiscal pressures that have caused many states to change their pension systems. But you should also be aware of the impact that pension reform has on public education. This brief guide shows you how and why pension programs affect your state's efforts to attract and retain the best teachers. It…
Seddon, Terri, Ed.
In the late 1980s a new concept entered the educational lexicon in Australia--"award restructuring," or paid training leave for teachers. However, by 1993 the term had disappeared from public view. What began as a new politics of work developed into a complex debate about governance and leadership in Australian education. This book documents both…
This paper describes a study on teacher educators’ professional development in the context of national curriculum reform in China. It explains the background of the implementation of the new curriculum of basic education and its impacts on teacher education. Also, it reviews the professional standards of teacher educators in some developed countries, and develops an analytical framework of teacher educators’
Smoley, Eugene, Jr.
This document discusses the desirability of creating a synergistic business/education relationship. The most pressing problems of urban education and education reform are not conceptual or analytic, but managerial. Dysfunctional public education will affect business in the future because the products of the education system will enter the work…
Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.
This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
New Secondary Bilingual Education Extension Program (7-12) Earn the Bilingual Education Credential invites you to apply to the newly approved Secondary Bilingual Education Extension program (7- 12. The Secondary Bilingual Education Extension program (7-12) is designed based on the needs assessment
Structured according to the conceptual frameworks of nationalism and globalization, this study examined relationships between and among the Armenian Ministry of Education, the World Bank, the Open Society Institute Assistance Foundation-Armenia, and Armenian secondary school teachers and principals from 1991 to the present. Each group played a…
Samel, Arthur N.; Sondergeld, Toni A.; Fischer, John M.; Patterson, Nancy C.
Students in the secondary education pipeline, the 6-year period between 7th and 12th grades, deal with external and internal conditions that facilitate or hinder progress to graduation and beyond--these conditions offer resilience or resistance and influence student movement through public schools. This study follows an urban middle school cohort…
This essay is a reflection on several aspects related to my encounters with the concept of reform in mathematics education. I start with an exploration of the question of what is reform, grounded on my work with teachers in a project aimed at promoting reform. I focus on two aspects that seem to be present in most approaches to reform--group…
European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
This document contains 18 policy, synthesis, and analysis papers and foreign experts' contributions examining the following topics: challenges facing vocational education and training (VET) in the Czech Republic; the main aims and strategies of reforming the country's VET system; the role of VET in transforming the republic into a learning society…
Priede, Daina; Krumina, Aira
After the year 1991, great structural reforms were launched in Latvia at all levels of education, including secondary education. Still, there are many reforms that must be implemented in secondary professional education. The objective of our research was to develop a contemporary didactic coverage for teaching chemistry in professional secondary…
Crane, Christine Corby
The purpose of this study was to gain insight into rural elementary teachers' perceptions about current elementary school science reform goals and their thinking about factors that might facilitate and constrain them in this rural setting. Perceived science educational needs of elementary school teachers and implications for professional development will also be discussed. This was a qualitative case study with triangulation between focus group interviews, teacher reflective journals, and critiques of Chapters 3,4 and 6 of the National Science Education Standards. The researcher also took field notes during each session recording participant's reactions, as well as the researcher's own impressions of emerging research themes. Data analysis involved a process of sorting and grouping data into meaningful clusters. The general feeling of this researcher, was that these rural elementary teachers felt uncomfortable teaching science, believing they lacked the ability to be quality science teachers. Consequently this has brought about a poor attitude or dislike for science and science education, resulting in a trend toward avoidance of teaching science in their classrooms. Reasons for this discomfort were thought to be the constraints they experiences: physical and logistical barriers, role of the rural school, and the pressures they perceived from various members of the school community. The study has implications for staff development planners, as well as teacher education institutions. Since rural teachers are not willing to drive a great distance for professional development, educational opportunities could be brought to them. Courses or workshops could be taught in a collaborative effort with university professors and a local science teacher to bridge the gap between university and teacher beliefs about learning and teaching. Workshops should be provided for all who participate in local science reform, and learn about science standards. Opportunities for a countywide professional development school may be feasible encouraging a nearby university and the county-wide school districts to work together in a more collaborative effort. The re-establishment of the county-wide inservice would provide opportunities for teachers to share with other teachers in the area. High priority should be placed on teacher input and assessment.
Without a conscious effort to achieve optimum resource allocation, there is a real danger that educational resources may be wasted. This document uses input-output analysis to develop a model for rational decision-making in secondary education. (LLR)
...based research) to improve the educational attainment of out-of-school migratory youth whose education is interrupted...mathematics. e. The percentage of migrant students who drop out from secondary school (grades 7-12). f. The...
Trax, Mark Francis
The purposes of this study were to investigate the perceptions of collaboration among administrators and teachers involved in science education reform, determine similarities and difference in perception among administrators and teachers, and examine the progress of district reform efforts in terms of reform recommendations advanced in the research literature. Naturalistic constructivist theory guided the generation of the instruments and the analysis of data. Instruments for this investigation included a questionnaire and structured surveys. Audio-taped responses to the surveys were transcribed and analyzed for patterns of interaction. Support for science teacher collaboration and science education reform depended on the district's overall organizational style (classified as top-down, bottom-up, or a combination of these two styles), was connected to the level of commitment of the sciences teachers and administrators interviewed, and was linked to the level of solidarity for that support among teachers and administrators in the district. Reform-oriented districts addressed resource allocation in ways that supported science education reform. Science teachers, identified as the agents for educational reform, facilitated the overall process by providing specific evidence in support of reform, recruiting teachers and administrators to a reform-oriented agenda, and creating close-knit cadres engaged in the reform process. District activities in support of science education reforms which reflect the overall school reform recommendations maintained their focus provided that such activities were monitored and adjusted to furnish opportunities to include all the district science teachers, utilized a committed cadre of science teachers that supported the overall recommendations, and facilitated the inclusion of all district staff in the overall process. For success, it is important for the staff in each district to identify a clear need and establish a high level of commitment to the reform before embarking on it. Involvement of the entire district staff in the processes of reform is vital if long-term educational reform and development is to occur. Strategies to develop a process of professional development need to be in concert with the recommendations of reform and applicable to the policies and philosophies of the particular school system.
...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Elementary and Secondary Education Indian Education...Professional Development Grants Catalog...Professional Development Grants. The...Department of Education, Office of...Federal Register and the Code...
This article reports on a study of English secondary teachers' perceptions of and implementation of the new English curriculum reform in China. Triangulated data collection methods were employed to gather information about teachers' perceptions of the new curriculum and their teaching behaviours. Implementation gap emerged between the new…
Tao, Xin; Chunhua, Kang
Basic education is universal education, which aims to improve the basic quality of a nation's people. In the three decades since reform and opening up, earth-shaking changes have taken place in the quality of China's basic education. This article describes the path of development and changes in China's basic education over the past thirty years…
Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Brown, Chris
The Indicators Project on Education Organizing was designed to examine the role of community organizing in school reform. For over 2 years, researchers documented the education organizing of five urban groups. This report presents an education organizing indicators framework that highlights strategies and accomplishments of education organizing.…
Kerr, Stephen T.
Discusses the impact of glasnost and perestroika on Soviet educational reform. Reviews trends in the following areas: (1) the form and content of education; (2) the role of teachers; (3) the structure and mission of educational research; and (4) the effects of political movements on the educational system. (FMW)
Szkudlarek, Tomasz; Stankiewicz, Lukasz
The paper is based on an analysis of interviews with individuals engaged in systemic reform of higher education (HE) in Poland. The reform is perceived as controversial: it is supported by the media and claimed to be in line with the expectations of external stakeholders of HE, as well as being congruent with Poland's international…
Educational reforms and standards have been a topic of public debate for decades, with the latest go-round being the State Common Core Curriculum Standards. But time and again those reforms have failed, and each set of standards, no matter how new and different, has had little impact on improving student achievement. Why? The textbooks. Textbooks…
Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing
Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…
Shaw, Marta A.
This article investigates two competing explanations of why reforms associated with the Bologna process brought disappointing results in Ukraine. The lack of anticipated benefits from the reforms may stem either from a flawed implementation of the Bologna process, or from more fundamental differences between the models of higher education…
is confronted with recent publications in school mathematics and calculus, the reaction is often one of shock mathematics education reform and the calculus reform. This is appropriate because not only is calculus being Association of America (MAA), the American Math- ematical Society (AMS), and the Society for Industrial
McDonald, Walter J.
The Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS) recognizes the need for continuing medical education (CME) reform and intends to be actively engaged in that process. While recognizing that CME reform must involve many organizations, the CMSS and particularly the 23 societies that make up the CMSS are in a position to affect many of the needed…
Wilkerson (Tom) and Associates, Ltd., Louisville, KY.
This report describes the attitudes of parents, the general public, school principals, and teachers across Kentucky about the implementation of school reforms based on the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA). Data were gathered from random telephone surveys in the eight geographic regions of the state for each targeted audience based on…
Esposito, Jennifer; Davis, Corrie L.; Swain, Ayanna N.
In this article, we examine urban teachers' perceptions of school reform models (SRMs) and culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP). In particular, we examined how urban educators altered mandated reform models in the best interests of their culturally and linguistically diverse students. We discuss data from a phenomenological study, which included…
Chua Reyes, Vicente
The purpose of this research inquiry focuses on how school leaders "make sense" of educational reform in their local contexts. In order to do this, an exploratory qualitative case study of two schools that took part in policy reform initiatives directed at ubiquitous use of information communication and technology (ICT) in the Singapore…
Young and healthy undergraduates in health education were not predisposed to learn the complex sprawl of topics in a required course on U.S. Health Care. An online simulation of health care reform was used to encourage student learning about health care and participating in health care reform. Students applied their understanding of high costs,…
Duman, Guler; Kural Baykan, Arin; Koroglu, Gamze Nevra; Yilmaz, Selda; Erdogan, Mehmet
The main purpose of the present study is twofold: (a) to investigate the awareness and attitudes of prospective teachers from different departments and class levels regarding current educational reforms in Turkey and the reasons why they do or do not adhere to these reform activities, and (b) to gain thorough knowledge about information resources…
Sunderman, Gail L.
In less than 2 years after the publication of the national report "A Nation at Risk," an overwhelming majority of states adopted many of the educational reform measures advocated in the report. The rapid adoption of the reforms among states with different political cultures, policy traditions, and partisan control raises the question of why these…
Through reference to policy and research documents, this paper provides insight into how educational restructuring and reform are planned, presented, and implemented in Canada's Atlantic provinces, particularly Newfoundland and Labrador. It suggests that such reform and restructuring occur at the interface of a province's history, geography, and…
Surveying Practice is a practical teaching that matches with the engineering surveying theory of the civil engineering major. This paper from the training objectives of the application-oriented talents and the characteristics of engineering survey course, discusses the need for education reform in surveying practice for the civil engineering major in application- oriented universities, and made some approaches to reform. Key
Viertel, Evelyn; Grootings, Peter
The effectiveness of Phare vocational education and training (VET) reform programs conducted in 13 Eastern and Central European countries in 1993-1998 and lessons learned from the programs were examined through a review of information from the following sources: a cross-country analysis on curricular reform; a review of technical evaluation…
Since the early 1980s, the New York State Board of Regents and the State Education Department have advanced a complex reform agenda centered around the development of curriculum and related standards. These reforms have considerable implications for the allocation and use of human resources within schooling systems. This paper reports on a series…
Luttenberg, Johan; Carpay, Thérèse; Veugelers, Wiel
Large-scale educational reforms are difficult to realize and often fail. In the literature, the course of reform and problems associated with this are frequently discussed. The explanations and recommendations then provided are so diverse that it is difficult to gain a comprehensive overview of what factors are at play and how to take them into…
1 Informatics and Secondary Education in the Netherlands Karl de Leeuw Amsterdam Professional School of Science University of Amsterdam (email@example.com) Alban Ponse Informatics Institute describe three aspects of secondary education in informatics in the Netherlands: the general requirements
Bucher, Charles A.; Koenig, Constance R.
This book on materials and methods for physical education at the secondary level emphasizes the relevance of physical education to the needs of today's students. The book is divided into seven sections and an introduction. The introduction discusses the search for the relevance of the secondary school. Part 1 describes the community, the school…
Olive Banks' work Parity and Prestige in English Secondary Education made a major and distinctive contribution to the literature on the historical development of secondary education. Her work exemplified a close relationship between sociology and history, examined a vital and enduring theme that continues to be relevant and pervasive, helped to…
GILBERTS, ROBERT D.
THIS DOCUMENT OUTLINES THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANTS FOR THE MADISON, WISCONSIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE DISTRICT IS OUTLINED AND RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL WHICH INCLUDES TEACHER-DIRECTED ACTIVITIES AND INDIVIDUAL STUDY PROVISIONS. IT RELATES OBJECTIVES AND GOALS TO…
de Lijser, Peter
. Student names and CWIDs will be confidential. EDSC Diversity Assignment: CULTURAL INVESTIGATION ASSIGNMENTMSE Concentration in Secondary Education Diversity Assignment Policy Purpose: The two purposes of the Secondary Education Diversity Assignment are to insure that candidates have the opportunity to work with pre
Carpay, Thérèse; Luttenberg, Johan; Veugelers, Wiel; Pieters, Jules
In large-scale educational reforms, many actors play their roles. The diversity of contributions and lack of harmonization prove to be frequently found to cause educational reform failures. Many explanations for these failures focus on differences between the actors and on differences in their contributions to the reform process. In this article,…
Examined a national educational technology effort in Egypt, illuminating the contradictions between the rhetoric of reform and the reality of school practices. Identifies underlying political, cultural, and economic factors that constrain attempts to improve Egyptian schooling with technology. (SLD)
This article described the contents of a Reform Report developed by the Ministry of Education in Burundi, Africa and considered their likely implementation in the light of the political upheaval that country has undergone. (Author/RK)
Pankratz, David B., Ed.; Mulcahy, Kevin V., Ed.
This collection of papers examines the role of research in efforts to reform art education. The essays include: "Arts Education Research: Issues, Constraints, and Opportunities" by David B. Pankratz; "Characterizing Civilization: Research Strategies, Findings, and Implications from the National Endowment for the Arts' Report on Arts Education" by…
Current Educational Reform in Japan is oddly captured with confused conceptions of "compulsory education." The Ministry of Education blankets such connotations of it, as a national budget system, mandated school curriculum, responsible partnership of school with community and accountabilities of local school board, in defense of vested national…
Marilyn Cochran-Smith; Mary Kim Fries
Many highly politicized debates about reforming teacher education are embedded within two larger national agendas: the agenda to professionalize teaching and teacher education, which is linked to the K–12 standards movement, and the movement to deregulate teacher preparation, which aims to dismantle teacher education institutions and break up the monopoly of the profession. In this article, the authors analyze how
Becker, Becky K.
Multicultural education is still a relatively new trend in the American system of higher education. As with any new pedagogy, there is a tendency to reduce the genuine possibility of educational reform to mere superficiality--good intentions lacking substance. Behind the "camouflage" of politically correct language and actions, individuals need…
Connecticut State Educational Equity Study Committee, Hartford.
Formed by the Connecticut legislature to monitor the state's educational aid plan, the Educational Equity Study Committee in this report joins with the state Board of Education in recommending amendments to Connecticut's 1979 school finance reform law, involving changes in the state's Minimum Expenditure Requirement (MER) plan and Guaranteed Tax…
Project Education Reform: Time for Results, 1987
The major topics covered in these newsletters include: (1) background information on Project Education Reform; (2) "The Governors' 1991 Report on Education: Time for Results"; (3) elementary education and the National Governors' Association (NGA) project; (4) the goals of 16 school sites in carrying out recommendations from the NGA report on…
Yendol-Hoppey, Diane; Hoppey, David; Morewood, Aimee; Hayes, Sharon B.; Graham, Meadow Sherrill
Background/Context: Teacher education faculty face increasing pressure to simultaneously strengthen and reform teacher education programs while maintaining research productivity. The demands placed on teacher education programs to increase relevancy by strengthening clinical components of teacher preparation has once again reached the fore. The…
Kuyini, Ahmed Bawa
Ghana's recent "Education Reform 2007" envisions a system that strives to achieve both domestic and internationally-oriented goals emanating (1) from the Education for All (EFA) initiative, (2) from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and (3) from global trends in education. Emboldened by the implementation of…
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.
Over the past four decades, countries in the Asia Pacific region have made in-depth reviews of educational policies that have led to reforms. The volume's first section gives an overview of experiences of countries in the region with respect to education policy review exercises and the formulation and implementation of educational policies and…
Schulz, Roland M.
The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to competition with alternative visions and paradigms (e.g. STS, multi-culturalism, constructivism, traditionalism) which deadlock implementation, and which have led to conflicting meanings of scientific literacy, but the inability to rise above the debate. At issue is a fundamental problem plaguing science education at the school level, one it shares with education in general. It is my contention that it requires a guiding “metatheory” of education that can appropriately distance itself from the dual dependencies of metatheories in psychology and the demands of socialization—especially as articulated in most common conceptions of scientific literacy tied to citizenship. I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science. This will be elaborated in Part II of a supplemental paper to the present one. As a prerequisite to presenting Egan’s metatheory I first raise the issue of the need for a conceptual shift back to philosophy of education within the discipline, and thereto, on developing and demarcating true educational theories (essentially neglected since Hirst). In the same vein it is suggested a new research field should be opened with the express purpose of developing a discipline-specific “philosophy of science education” (largely neglected since Dewey) which could in addition serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands.
This document presents a systems theory approach to post-secondary education. Terms such as entropy, energy, and "essergy" together with the laws of thermodynamics are applied to educational concepts. A philosophical approach with interspersed quotations from Hegel, Korzybski, and Adelman is used to design a new educational paradigm based upon…
Career education programs, such as co-operative education, have been shown to influence career development. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether secondary school co-operative education had the benefit of enhanced career maturity, as measured by the Career Development Inventory. An experimental design called the Solomon four-group…
King, Alfred S.
Motorcycle safety education will become a necessity in the near future due to the growing demands of secondary students for education in this area. The Motorcycle Safety Foundation is sponsored by major motorcycle industries and is involved with developing programs and materials to promote motorcycle safety education. The high rate of motorcycle…
Waters, Stewart; Russell, William B., III
This study investigated the personal teaching efficacy and general teaching efficacy for character education of 130 preservice secondary teachers at a large university where there were no formal courses dedicated to character education, but the topic was included in some of the content coursework. The subjects were in one teacher education program…
Nketekete, Malefetsane E.; Motebang, Maletele B.
The paper explores the extent to which the entrepreneurship education component of the business education curriculum in Lesotho secondary education is being implemented. The study was undertaken in 18 schools during 1998, 1999 and 2000. Different research methods such as video recording, interviews and document analysis were used. Results indicate…
Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Scarbrough, Connie; Gartin, Stacy A.; Boone, Deborah A.
The purpose of this study was to compare secondary agricultural educators' perceptions of the benefits and problems associated with teaching agricultural education and being involved in other part-time employment activities. The sample consisted of 107 agricultural educators nonrandomly selected from three states. Sixty-nine usable questionnaires…
Survey data are analyzed in order to provide an overview of primary education in an area of China which is quite representative of minority nationality concentrations. Uses this information to formulate proposals for educational reform. Suggests that measures should take local realities into consideration if effective education is to be provided.…
Yook, Cheong Min
The study aims to expand studies on ESL/EFL teachers' beliefs by investigating the relationship among Korean teachers' beliefs about English language education in Korea, sources of their beliefs, their perceptions of the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MOE)-initiated reforms in English language education, and the degree of…
Khaniya, Tirth; Williams, James H.
Educational quality reforms are undertaken in hopes that students in a higher quality education system will acquire more of the curriculum. However, the authors argue, there is no necessary connection between investments in educational quality and improved learning outcomes. A national assessment of grade 3 students in Nepal found few differences…
This response to the two papers (by Rodriguez and Carlone et al.) on science education reform acknowledges first the coherence of the arguments presented around four reform narratives; that of the process of becoming science-enthusiastic, the nature of beliefs of science reform teachers, the barriers to reform, and the institutional expressions of these barriers. In the commentary I first discuss the reform `problem' in terms of two interacting issues—the purposes of school science and the value placed on it in an elementary school curriculum. The insights produced in these papers are then used to reflect on a range of experiences and current policy debates in Australia. Finally, in this commentary, I point out: (a) the relationship of the papers to the reform issue of opposition to Standards Based Science (SBS) from proponents' traditional conceptions of science education, discussing how this more specific reform question relates to the two papers; and (b) the singular nature of the I-meanings characterised in the Carlone et al. paper, describing (using Australian examples) how the notions of tempered radicals and I-meanings might also be used to characterise complexities in the processes of school science reform.
Department of Middle, Secondary, and K-12 Education Major in Middle Grades Education (BA Degree: 120-127 hours General Education Hours vary based on Concentration) College of Education http://education on EDUC 2100 and SPED 2100 of C or better. Students must also complete an "Application for Admission
Doby, Janice Kay
The decline of science education in elementary schools has been well documented. While numerous efforts have been made for the purpose of reforming science education, most of those efforts have targeted science programs, assessment techniques, and setting national, state, and local standards, stressing teacher accountability for meeting those standards. However, inadequate science content knowledge of preservice teachers limits their ability to master effective teaching strategies, and also may foster negative attitudes toward science and science teaching. It is, therefore, highly unlikely that any significant reform in science education will be realized until this major underlying problem is addressed and resolved. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an experimental elementary science methods course, which employs the use of laser videodisc technology and instructional implications from cognitive science and instructional design, in terms of preservice teacher gains in Earth and physical science content knowledge and locus of control in science. The experimental elementary science methods course was compared to a more traditional approach to the same course which focused primarily on methods of teaching in the physical sciences and other science domains. The experimental and traditional groups were compared before and after treatment in terms of preservice teachers' content knowledge in Earth and physical science and locus ofcontrol in science. Results indicated that the experimental and traditional groups were comparable prior to treatment. The experimental group (89 preservice teachers) responded correctly to 45% of the items on the Elementary Science Concepts Test (ESCT) pretest and the traditional group (78 preservice teachers) responded correctly to 42% of the pretest items, the difference between groups being nonsignificant. Further, the experimental and traditional groups scored similarly on the pre-assessment of locus of control in science with scores on the Preservice Teacher Information and Science Opinion Questionnaire (ISOQ) of 162.12 and 163.65, respectively, the difference also being nonsignificant. The pre- and post-administrations of both the ESCT and ISOQ were all found to be statistically significant (F (4, 162) = 271.18343, p<0.05) in predicting group membership. Analyses of variance indicated significantly greater gains in Earth and physical science content knowledge (F (1,165) = 743.7746, p<0.025) and locus of control in science (F (1,165) = 45.7477, p<0.025) for the experimental group compared to the traditional group. A significant difference (F = (2,162) = 31.82279, p<0.05) was found between the combined effect of locus of control in science and Earth and physical science content knowledge in respect to treatment, indicating that the curriculum and instructional design of the experimental course significantly influenced preservice teachers' science content knowledge and locus of control in science. Suggestions for further research included: (a) determining whether the results of this present research may also apply to inservice teachers, (b) determining the effects of such preservice and inservice training on actual classroom practice, (c) relating increased science knowledge with improvement in science lesson planning and mastery of pedagogical skills, and (d) more detailed analysis of instructional implications from cognitive science and instructional design in regard to their application to the teaching of science (as well as other content areas).
Stringfield, Sam; Reynolds, David; Schaffer, Eugene C.
The authors describe a reform effort in which characteristics derived from High Reliability Organization research were used to shape whole school reform. Longitudinal analyses of outcome data from 12 Welsh secondary schools indicated that 4 years after the effort was initiated, student outcomes at the sites were strongly positive. Additional…
Xu, Ling-Xiao; Yu, Fang; Ma, Zhen-Qiu; Zhou, Tian-Hua; Geng, Xiao-Bei; Huang, He
The comprehensive reform in graduate education of Zhejiang University for a professional degree in clinical medicine accommodates the demand of both the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health of China for educational reform by putting forward a "5+3" pattern, an innovative training pattern for this degree. The pattern focuses on…
Ernestine Rae Smart
The Michigan legislature enacted Public Acts 25, 335, and 339 to launch and sustain educational reform in 1990 and 1992. This reform promised to revitalize education in Michigan. The initiatives proposed to effect changes which would result in quality educational programs for all youngsters in Michigan schools. The changes required an annual report detailing an effective school improvement plan, schools
Chapman, David W.; Burton, Lisa; Werner, Jessica
Uganda has received considerable international attention for being the first and, to date, only African country to adopt a policy of free universal secondary education (USE). However, the policy was adopted with little attention to system capacity or involvement of secondary head teachers, even though there is considerable research documenting the…
White, Tedra H.; Smith, Bettye P.
The purpose of this study was to determine the leadership attributes, professional characteristics, and personal characteristics of secondary female teachers in career and technical education program areas of agriculture, business, family and consumer sciences, healthcare science, marketing, and technology. This study included 179 female secondary…
This article reflects on the inequity of secondary modern school education. In doing so it draws heavily on the experience of the author while highlighting inputs from others who failed the 11+ examination and were banished to such schools. The article argues that selection undermines the self-esteem of secondary modern school pupils and places…
Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara
Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary…
Lehre, Anne-Catherine; Hansen, Arvid; Lehre, Knut Petter; Laake, Petter
In 2003, the Norwegian higher educational system was reformed. The reform, known as the 2003 Quality Reform, introduced changes in the teaching model and student assessment. The authors wished to study how these changes affected male and female students. Therefore, they addressed student learning outcomes, measured through examination results,…
In this paper, I will consider the lessons that can be learnt about literacy policy and its role in large-scale education reform programmes, with particular reference to policy-making in England since the election of New Labour in 1997. New Labour's promise to the electorate in 1997 was that state-funded education could be fixed and turned into a…
Highlights the tenth conference of the Alliance of Universities for Democracy, held in Budapest. States that members of the Alliance have been instrumental in the democratic reform of higher education in Central and Eastern Europe. Discusses the further direction higher education might take and the implications the changes hold for the global…
Since 1983, Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton has made education the central focus of his administration, raising teacher salaries and qualification requirements, encouraging participation in higher education, and raising taxes to fund reform despite resistance. Continuing problems include limited resources and low esteem for state colleges among the…
Bouzakis, Siphis; Koustourakis, Gerasimos
During debates in the Greek parliament about the 1997-98 educational reform, comparative argumentation was used by all political parties. Comparative arguments focused on educational realities in the European Union and North America, notably comprehensive schools, teacher appointments, and evaluation methods. Comparative data influenced the…
Kauko, Jaakko; Diogo, Sara
This article provides a comparative analysis of recent governance reforms in both Finnish and Portuguese higher education institutions (HEIs), following the OECD's recent reviews of both countries' tertiary education systems. While in the case of Finland the major problem was identified as being a lack of entrepreneurialism, Portugal was…
We address whether the relationship between education and health can be interpreted causally. Alternatively, both may be determined by common unobserved factors such as individual time preferences. We add to the primarily US-based evidence by using a Danish panel data set of employed persons, and use Danish school reforms to instrument education…
Nuss, Eugene M.; McAnany, Emile G.
"Instructional television has played a unique role of catalyst for innovation in El Salvador's educational reform. In this case, technology has aided educational planners in conceiving and carrying out systematic changes on a wide scale. With this type of use of technology, developing countries may expect a far greater impact from the new media…
Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder
Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…
Mike Hoxley; Sara Wilkinson
Purpose – This paper seeks to present the second part of research funded by the RICS Education Trust to investigate the impact of the 2001 education reforms on Building Surveying. The first part of the research involved the collection of data from university course leaders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research involved the collection of data from large national, mainly London-based, employers
Georgiadis, Nikos M.
This article deals with the effects of Human Capital Theory on the theoretical frameworks, the rhetoric and the aims of the educational reforms that took place in Greece during the period 1959 to 1997. It also deals with the re-emergence of the theory in the 1990s within the new context, as an important element of the neo-liberal education…
Guthrie, Grace Pung; And Others
C-LERN (California Local Education Reform Network) is the application of failure avoidance technology in California schools with a high concentration of at-risk students. Aimed at total school improvement, C-LERN was piloted in various Sacramento area schools before being launched as a joint venture of the State Department of Education and Sage…
Thanks to China's reform and opening to the world over the last three decades, the conventional normal education system, which is characterized by independent orientation, is now being challenged by a comprehensive and multi-faceted modern teacher education system that has taken shape. It is high time that we attached great significance to the…
Haug, Carolyn; And Others
The purpose of this paper is to describe experiences evaluating the effectiveness of the Mathematicians and Education Reform (MER) Forum, a network of research mathematicians interested in educational issues. After a brief description of MER, three traditional evaluation models are considered to illustrate shortcomings found with using these…
Milligan, Jeffrey Ayala
Since 2001 many observers of education in the Muslim world have expressed concerns about the radicalizing influence of madrasahs. These critiques often assume that the ichotomization of sacred and secular common to civic society in the West is a necessary ingredient of any educational reforms designed to prevent the spread of religious extremism…
Anyanwu, Ogechi E.
The historiography of higher education in Nigeria has not fully accounted for Alan Pifer's crucial contributions in reforming the elitist British higher education tradition in colonial Nigeria. Through qualitative analysis of mostly primary sources acquired from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library in Columbia University, this article argues that…
Brereton, T. R.
Arthur Lockwood Wagner, who graduated from West Point in 1876, was one of the best known and most influential U.S. Army officers of his day. An intellectual and educator, Wagner was instrumental in some of the most critical reforms in U.S. Army history. He advocated enhanced military education, adopting modern combat techniques, holding…
Grigor'ev, S. I.
This survey was intended to combat bureaucratic and criminal malfeasance in the system of higher education. Experts in seven federal districts in Russia were asked to determine the attitudes of the population toward higher education reforms in the past two years. Survey data show that Russians are generally not in favor of many of the changes in…
Graduate education in the People's Republic of China is discussed with attention to: historical developments, criteria and trends in enrollment, selection/approval of degree-granting institutions, reforms in graduate education, and international exchanges. Trends in graduate enrollments and degree awards since the Cultural Revolution are briefly…
Casey, Leo M.
Background/Context: There is a deep and yawning chasm between the world of tests and testing practices as they ought to be and the actual tests and testing practices now imposed on American students, educators, and schools. That chasm of theory and practice is a function of the dominant paradigm of educational reform, with its theory of action…
Parrish, Thomas B.; Montgomery, Deborah L.
This paper examines the politics of special education finance reform in three states (Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Vermont) that have enacted substantial legislative change within the past 5 years. These case studies were extracted from presentations made by the three state directors of special education at a 1994 conference. Each case study includes…
Goldstein, Rebecca A.
This article examines the political discourse surrounding NCLB, educational reform, and how that discourse shaped perceptions of public education during the Bush Administration. Examining mass media campaigns in the New York Times and Time Magazine, the article demonstrates how the media has visually and textually framed and reinforced NCLB and…
Michel, George J.
This report examines the relationship among school expenditures, educational reforms, and school achievement in South Carolina. It discusses the social factors affecting school-district wealth, such as population, income, and the number of single parents, and compares these factors to school districts' expenditures on education. Data for the study…
By opening the system to competition, popular school choice reforms seek to remake public education into a more consumer-oriented endeavor. While the underlying theory holds that competitive pressures will induce change and improvement in educational processes, research indicates that organizations often respond instead by developing promotional…
Colbert, Robert D.; Vernon-Jones, Russ; Pransky, Kenneth
The authors present the results of a multiyear collaborative research project that involved a counselor educator, graduate-level school counseling students, and school personnel in defining a new role for counselors in education reform. This collaborative effort was based on an innovative conceptual framework that informs school counselors about…
Hewson, Peter W.; Butler Kahle, Jane; Scantlebury, Kathryn; Davies, Darleen
A central commitment of current reforms in science education is that all students, regardless of culture, gender, race, and/ or socioeconomic status, are capable of understanding and doing science. The study Bridging the Gap: Equity in Systemic Reform assessed equity in systemic reform using a nested research design that drew on both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. As part of the study, case studies were conducted in two urban middle schools in large Ohio cities. The purpose of the case studies was to identify factors affecting equity in urban science education reform. Data were analyzed using Kahle's (1998) equity metric. That model allowed us to assess progress toward equity using a range of research-based indicators grouped into three categories critical for equitable education: access to, retention in, and achievement in quality science education. In addition, a fourth category was defined for systemic indicators of equity. Analyses indicated that the culture and climate of the case study schools differentially affected their progress toward equitable reform in science education.
Kerski, Joseph J.; Demirci, Ali; Milson, Andrew J.
This study analyzes the status of GIS in schools in thirty-three countries and proposes recommendations for advancing the implementation and effectiveness of GIS in secondary education from an international perspective. Thirty-three countries have been evaluated in the study to assess the global landscape of educational GIS by analyzing how GIS is…
Rihani, May A.
Countries around the world have achieved huge gains in primary education, reaching a world average of 83.8 percent in net primary enrollment. However, large numbers of students still do not complete primary education, and even fewer continue on to secondary school. Since so few children complete primary school, those who do must be able to…
Loftfield, Gabriel E.
The main purposes of this study are: (1) to assemble and report the facts about secondary education in Norway, and (2) to interpret to some extent the educational philosophy of that country. A minor purpose is to furnish the data that will help place properly in the schools of the United States any young people from Norway who may come here to…
Hudson, Peter; Usak, Muhammet; Fancovicova, Jana; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol
Understanding preservice teachers' memories of their education may aid towards articulating high-impact teaching practices. This study describes 246 preservice teachers' perceptions of their secondary science education experiences through a questionnaire and 28-item survey. ANOVA was statistically significant about participants' memories of…
On average, local governments in nonmetropolitan counties spent about 10% less per pupil on primary and secondary education than local governments in metro counties in 1982. However, national averages obscure a huge variation in education spending among nonmetro counties. Per pupil spending was about 47% higher than the national average in totally…
W. M. M. H. Veugelers; Henk Zijlstra
For changing upper secondary education in the Netherlands, we stimulate bringing schools together in networks. Schools learn from each other, analyze each other’s practices, develop various joint initiatives, and try to influence together educational policy. In this article we will present our experiences and analyze critical elements in creating and sustaining networks. We will focus on the political, cultural and
Law, Dennis Chung Sea
Purpose: The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this…
Bechtel, Pamela A.; O'Sullivan, Mary
The purpose of this study was to explore enhancers and inhibitors that impacted 4 secondary physical education teachers to make changes in their programs. An interpretivist approach was used to understand the physical educators' change process. Data were collected from document analyses, participant information sheets, interviews, discussion…
US Department of Education, 2010
To achieve President Obama's stated goal of making increased expectations for students and schools a national priority, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). The new "ESEA" will support effective public school…
This paper explores the impact of almost two decades of mathematics education reform in New Zealand on the attitudes of pre-service teacher education students training to be primary teachers. More students were positive towards mathematics and fewer were negative compared to Biddulph (1999). In the present study, more students were positive about…
Florian, Lani; Young, Kathryn; Rouse, Martyn
Inclusive education is based on the principle that local schools should provide for all children and young people regardless of any perceived social, emotional, cultural intellectual or linguistic difference or disability. This paper identifies key concepts associated with inclusive education and discusses them in relation to issues in the reform…
Wu, Jianguo; Singh, Michael
This paper argues that the re-traditionalisation of 'wishing for dragon children' creates difficulties for China's current education reforms and informs the disquiet expressed by Chinese-Australians about Australian education. We develop this argument around three key propositions. First, we explore Confucianism and the civil service examination…
Sevier, Brian R.
In 1971, Seymour Sarason published his now classic book on educational reform entitled, The Culture of the School and the Problem of Change. In the text, Sarason devotes an entire chapter to what he terms the modal process of change. The characteristics of this process, unfortunately, remain salient in today's educational climate. The Project in…
Background: New demands are imposed by rapid change in the education system; these, in turn, cause stress. Previous studies have suggested that the degree of stress experienced by students is affected by characteristics of education, teachers and the students themselves. Purpose: To identify student and teacher characteristics that determine the…
Thomas, Paul F.
In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…
Pagliaro, C M
In response to increased demand for competent workers who possess skills in problem solving, cooperative work, and technology, education professionals have set out to reform mathematics education. The purpose of the present study was to determine the state of mathematics reform in the education of deaf and hard of hearing students. A national survey was sent to administrators and faculty at schools for the Deaf seeking information on mathematics programs and instruction. Data were analyzed by profession (i.e., administrator, teacher) and grade level (K-4, 5-8, 9-12). Results show that some aspects of reform (e.g., problem solving, use of concrete materials) have been incorporated into the deaf education mathematics curriculum but that many 'traditional' techniques (e.g., drill and practice, rote memorization) remain in use. Data support the need for increased attention to mathematics education reform within deaf education. Recommendations are provided to professionals in the field to better prepare students for the 21st century. PMID:9557329
Since implementation of reform and opening-up policy, China's teacher education has got significant success on policy design, legislation process, theory research, system reform, model innovation and teaching qualification system building. Teachers' educational background level has been increased. Teachers' professional ethics and teaching…
Smith, Wayne; Tinning, Richard
Institutional mergers are among the range of government-driven reforms of teacher education and, by extension, the teaching force. Such reforms inevitably provide positive outcomes for some and challenges for others. In this paper the authors focus on the anticipations, experiences and reflections of a group of teacher educators during a period…
van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja
This paper addresses the reform of mathematics education in the Netherlands and the attacks that presently take place against this reform. The attacks concentrate on primary education and criticize in particular the program for teaching calculation skills with long division as a case in point. The paper gives an overview of what Realistic…
Howell, Leanne L., Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.; Carter, Norvella, Ed.
Yes We Can: Improving Urban Schools through Innovative Educational Reform is a empirically-based book on urban education reform to not only proclaim that hope is alive for urban schools, but to also produce a body of literature that examines current practices and then offer practical implications for all involved in this arduous task. This book is…
Yeom, Minho; Ginsburg, Mark
This paper compares how educational reform documents in Korea and the U.S.A. conceptualize teachers and teacher education and examines how, if at all, the discourses of one country appear to influence those of the other. Special attention is paid to the ways in which reform documents incorporate different conceptions of professionalism in framing…
Chinese universities face enormous pressures and challenges from increased global competition, intensifying national reform efforts, quality improvement, and quantity expansion in the higher education system, which deeply affect undergraduate education reform efforts within the universities. This article uses macrocausal analysis of the complexity…
Cameron, David Hagen
This article uses a cultural and political theoretical framework to examine the relationship between consultants and secondary school leaders within a large-scale consultancy-based reform, the Secondary National Strategy (SNS), in London UK. The SNS follows a cascade model of implementation, in which nationally created initiatives are introduced…
Cherednichenko, G. A.
Research on the relationship between education and occupational career in Russia shows that the type of secondary educational institution from which people initially graduate has a lengthy and latent differentiating influence on their accumulation of educational capital and their educational and professional trajectories. The groups with varying…
Grunbaum, Jo Anne; Kann, Laura; Williams, Barbara I.; Kinchen, Steven A.; Collins, Janet L.; Kolbe, Lloyd J.
The School Health Education Profiles monitor characteristics of health education in secondary schools nationwide, using school-based surveys conducted by state and local education agencies. This report summarizes results from 35 state surveys and 13 local surveys conducted among representative samples of school principals and lead health education…
Rodriguez-Conde, M. J.; Olmos Miguelanez, S.; Perochena Gonzalez, P.; Herrera Garcia, E.
Coexistence and moral education are areas of great interest in Spanish compulsory education, especially in the period that comprises between 12 and 16 years of age, named "compulsory secondary education" in Spain. With the aim to improve the processes of coexistence within this level, this research team on education from the University of…
de Miguel, Mario; Apodaca, Pedro; Miguel, Jose; Escudero, Tomas; Espinar, Sebastian Roderiguez; Vidal, Javier
During the 1990s, Spain experienced a phenomenon that is slightly unusual in educational systems: the coexistence of two secondary education models and one single tertiary education model. The overall purpose of this article has been to study the possible differences in the academic performance of students in university education in terms of the…
Tan, Yao Sua
As a consequence of the democratization of secondary education in Malaysia beginning in the 1990s, many students who do not have academic credentials are allowed to progress to upper secondary education. This study examines the attitudes of these students towards two important aspects of schooling--namely, learning and examinations, as well as…
Lorenzi, David G. (Comp.)
This article presents ideas and views of educators regarding the role of dance in the secondary physical education program. One educator believes that dance education is an excellent complement to the traditional physical education program at the secondary level. Another educator defines physical education as the "art and science of human…
Rogers, John S.; Terriquez, Veronica
This article explores the potential role of low-wage service sector unions in engaging in equity-minded school reform. The members of many such unions are parents of children attending poorly resourced public schools. In seeking to address the interests of their members, labor unions can draw upon resources, organizing strategies, and political…
Russell, Sharon E.
In October 2002, the multiple and single subject credential programs at a large urban Los Angeles Basin California State University campus, were approved as Early Adopters of the SB 2042 Professional Teacher Preparation Program. These programs resulted from a complex and multi-faceted process of change supported and influenced by reform…
Robert L. Crowson; William Lowe Boyd
The relationship between community and school reform is experienced from two perspectives: the coordinated professional services\\u000a model, and the community development or employment model. The chapter compares the strengths and weaknesses of each model\\u000a with the intent of gaining new insights into the community context of improved urban schooling
In as much as Muslims and Muslim women in particular, are struggling to find accommodation and expression in a pluralist society, cosmopolitanism is grappling in its understanding and acceptance of what constitutes the presentations and representations of Muslim women. By proposing a renewed cosmopolitanism as well as a reformed approach to…
Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla
Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…
Crampton, Faith E.; Thompson, David C.
The reform of education funding systems to achieve greater equity and adequacy is an ongoing struggle in many states. Because funding of public elementary and secondary education is constitutionally a state responsibility, the struggle plays out largely in state legislatures. At the same time, education finance reform does not take place in a…
Larrison, Abigail L.
Brain and Education. Waldorf Test Scores: Data Set A – 2008Data Set B Waldorf n=15 Class size % SES Parent education %Data Set C – 2005 to 2011 Waldorf schools are unique in their continuity of education.
Washington State Coordinating Council for Occupational Education, Olympia.
The document is a revision of earlier units, updated to include behavioral or performance objectives. Divided into 22 units of instruction, the course outline for distributive education presents suggested length of time for each part of a unit, prerequisites, a description of the part, objectives, sources, outline for the section, activities,…
Ndiku, J. Mualuko; Muhavi, S. Lucy
One of the major challenges facing secondary education sub-sector in Kenya over the years is low transition rate from primary to secondary level of education. This has contributed to low enrolment at secondary schools with a wide gap existing between primary and secondary enrolment. With the introduction of Free Primary Education in 2003, the gap…
Smith, George; And Others
Presents three addresses given at a conference at the College of St. Thomas (Minnesota) by George Smith, Anne Campbell, and Al Quie on the priorities of American secondary education from the state perspective. Charles Hilston, Joseph Scherer, and Joyce Krupey respond. (WD)
Fradd, Sandra H.
This instructional module is part of a project to reform current school curricula, improve instructional services for handicapped and at-risk limited-English-proficient (LEP) and language minority students, and provide innovative leadership in higher education related to programs for LEP persons. The materials contained in the module are designed…
Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa; Elmeski, Mohammed; Tanaka, Nobuyuki
This historical case study examines the rhetoric, action, and outcomes of educational policy reforms in Egypt during the first quarter-century of the presidency of Mohamed Hosni Mubarak. The findings are based on an extensive review of Egyptian government, international organization, and project documents as well as interviews with key…
In this article, I reopen some of the seminal theoretical debates among critical scholars on the nature of educational reform, arguing that there has been a consistent tendency in the literature to dismiss or downplay the significance of "instrumentalist" analyses in favour of cultural/hegemonic and structuralist explanations. As a result,…
reform as a priority in national science policy , with emphasis on strengthening the · Technology: To provide the technical foundation for an effective workforce, · Informed citizens: To produce science literate citizens and consumers. Concomitantly, with broad input from the science and education communities
Pantaleev, Tzako; Kalandarova, Natalia; Dineva, Nedka; Panev, Georgi; Petrova, Iskra
This report reviews the current situation of Bulgaria's vocational education and training (VET) system to identify challenges facing the system and areas needing reform. Section 1 explores the following five aspects of Bulgaria's political and socioeconomic situation: (1) demography; (2) economic developments (privatization of state enterprises,…
Presents an international perspective on Cochran-Smith and Fries' recent analysis of the ways that two competing ideologies (deregulation and professionalization) are being employed in the United States to support teacher education reform, noting important differences between the United States and England in how these ideologies have been advanced…
Echevarria, Jana; Short, Deborah; Powers, Kristin
The authors examined a model of instruction for English-language learners (ELLs) who were learning academic English while they tried to meet content standards required by the nation's education reform movement. In previous work (J. Echevarria, M. E. Vogt, & D. Short, 2000), the authors developed and validated a model of instruction (Sheltered…
"The History Teacher" originated in a movement to reform history education that grew up among historians in both schools and universities in the 1960s. The call went out to raise the intellectual level of history teaching by having students analyze primary sources in open-ended discussions and thereby, "become their own historians." Teaching with…
The author of this paper investigates the relevance of Waldorf education for public urban school reform. Based on analysis of survey data from over 500 graduates of private U.S. Waldorf schools, review of documents from the Gates Foundation, and staff-interview and student-achievement data from four public Waldorf-methods schools, she develops…
Bjorklund, Anders; Clark, Melissa A.; Edin, Per-Anders; Fredriksson, Peter; Krueger, Alan B.
A large central government providing numerous public services has long been a hallmark of Swedish society, which is also well-known for its pursuit of equality. Yet in the 1990s, Sweden moved away from this tradition in education, introducing market-oriented reforms that decentralized authority over public schools and encouraged competition…
Kantamara, Pornkasem; Hallinger, Philip; Jatiket, Marut
This article presents a case study of successful curricular and instructional innovation in Thailand. The innovation involved a curricular program, Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This student-centered curriculum models many of the features highlighted in Thailand's educational reform such as the student-centered learning approach, curriculum…
mathematics curriculum and to throttle the normal process of producing a competent corps of scientistsTHE MATHEMATICS EDUCATION REFORM: WHY YOU SHOULD BE CONCERNED AND WHAT YOU CAN DO H. WU To Chih-Han Sah, in memoriam 1. Introduction In 1962, when the New Math was still on its ascent, 75 leading mathe
Edgar W. Jenkins
This paper offers a commentary upon a number of recent documents from different countries concerned with the reform of school science education. It identifies and considers in turn four issues drawn from the documents: the way in which science is defined; the reference to science as a whole rather than as discrete disciplines; the nature of science; and the teaching
Ecuador's 2008 Constitution--and a subsequent law on higher education passed in its wake--effectively suspended student fees for public universities. The goal of this reform was to increase equality of opportunity. In this article I use newly-available individual-level retrospective information from the 2001 Census to explore gender and ethnic…
Several African countries instituted education reforms in the 1980s and 1990s. Yet, there is only little evidence on the effectiveness of these programs. Additionally, most previous studies of the determinants of literacy and numeracy have considered the proficiency in only one language and, possibly, numeracy. This paper examines both of these…
In considering two extended examples of educational reform efforts, this discussion traces relations that become visible through analytic approaches associated with actor-network theory (ANT). The strategy here is to present multiple readings of the two examples. The first reading adopts an ANT approach to follow ways that all actors--human and…
Gove, Mary K.; Volk, Dinah; Still, Kristine; Huang, Grace Hui-Chen; Thomas-Alexander, Sashelle
This analysis encompassed four different projects that were implemented as reform initiatives at the college. The authors' collaborative work and this subsequent analysis have drawn on insights from Cochran-Smith (2004), who describes teacher education as both a "learning problem and a political problem" that involves the creation of inquiry…
Anchoring, a term rooted in the seafaring world, is a useful metaphor for contemplating the role of music in schooling, and particularly for thinking about the implications of including music in the professional development school (PDS) reform movement. In 1999, the College of Education at William Paterson University (Wayne, New Jersey) joined two…
This paper endorses Dick Selleck and Geoffrey Sherington's view that public policy-making is characterised by both fluidity and contestability. In April 1988, the report of a Taskforce headed by Brian Picot recommended major reforms in New Zealand's public education system. Even today, however, there is controversy regarding the major…
Donlevy, Tia Rice; Donlevy, James G.
Summarizes four perspectives that education and school-reform writings fall into: technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological. Focusing on the ideological perspective, briefly discusses the work of Paulo Freire, Ira Shor, and Henry Giroux, theorists representative of this perspective. The dimensions of complexity, diversity,…
Tsai, Wehn-Jyuan; Liu, Jin-Tan; Chou, Shin-Yi; Thornton, Robert
Between 1968 and 1973 the Taiwanese government undertook the most extensive expansion on record of the public junior high school system in Taiwan. This study analyzes the effects of the 1968 education reform and subsequent high school expansion on gender disparities in employment generally, as well in different sectors and classes of employment.…
This paper reviews the achievements of the first cycle of undergraduate teaching evaluation at institutions of higher education in China. Existing problems are identified, and suggestions are made for corresponding reforms for improving the standard and quality of China's undergraduate teaching evaluation.
Cheung, C. K.
Media education has been around for quite some time in the West (Bazalgette et al. 1990), but it only started to gain acceptance in Asia (Cheung 2005), particularly in Hong Kong, in the last decade. Recently, it has been gaining more attention in Hong Kong thanks to the curriculum reform in which liberal studies will become one of the four core…
Edwards, Rebecca M.
This article argues that processes of disconnect and capture have affected Nepal's efforts to decentralise its education system, leading to a failure to engage the very stakeholders--parents and communities--that the reforms sought to reach. Specifically, disconnect occurred in the development and implementation of the latest "decentralisation"…
21st Century Policy Review, 1992
This interview with Percy E. Pollard, Jr., Director of the Cultural and Human Services Program of International Business Machines, discusses new requirements for basic skills and competencies for American workers and considers the role of the private sector in the reforms needed for education and employment training. Women and minorities can take…
Current educational reforms can be described as top-down, heavy-handed, and test driven. But they are not based on research about how children learn best or how they become enthusiastic, competent, and independent thinkers for life. Such accepted practices as grading, grouping by age, and teaching to pass standardized tests are completely at odds…
The purpose of this study is to evaluate, from a national perspective, the impact and outcomes of market reform in vocational education and training (VET), particularly the introduction of competitive tendering and "user choice". It does so by examining the structure, composition and dynamics of contestable or "quasi-markets" for VET, assessing…
Thomas, Carla R.
After the defeat by Napoleon, Prussia endeavored to rebuild its war torn country by instituting sweeping social and educational reforms. This effort marked one of the few instances in which philosophical anthropology formed the explicit basis of a successful program of social change. (Author/KM)
The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased…
Björk, Lars G.; Browne-Ferrigno, Tricia; Kowalski, Theodore J.
During the last two decades the intensity and complexity of educational reform in the United States of America have heightened interest among policymakers, practitioners, and professors in large-scale, systemic change. As a consequence, superintendents are being viewed as pivotal actors in the complex algorithm for managing districts and leading…
Kirsi Pyhältö; Tiina Soini; Janne Pietarinen
Purpose – This study aims to gain better understanding of the perceptions comprehensive school principals and chief education officers have about the implementation of school reform and the means they use to facilitate the development of such. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research project was carried out using a systemic design research approach. Open-ended questionnaires provided the data for the study and
Burton, Erin Peters; Frazier, Wendy Michelle
The purpose of this study is to gain insight into the experiences that nationally award-winning, exemplary science teachers have had over their career and examine the alignment of their responses with calls for K-12 science education reform from a selection of prominent commissioned government reports since 1980. From an assessment of the…
Describes the Pew Charitable Trusts' Pew Leadership Award for revitalization and reform in higher education and summarizes characteristics of the 45 nominated institutions. The institutions develop portfolios documenting accomplishments in the areas of curriculum redesign, faculty roles and responsibilities, and resource reallocation. Profiles the…
Tucker, Stan; Trotman, Dave; Rusu, Horatiu; Mara, Daniel
This article examines processes of educational reform and change in a post-Communist Eastern European country. Focusing on the experiences and challenges facing one geographical community in Sibiu County, Romania, an attempt is made to understand some of the macro and micro factors, influences and external policy drivers, shaping the organization…
To evaluate progress made in the first years of Qatar's implementation of K-12 education reform, RAND analyzed data from school-level observations, national surveys, and national student assessments. The study found that students in the new, Independent schools were performing better than those in Ministry schools, and there was greater student…
This is a response to an article written by Robert Slavin entitled "Evidence-Based Reform in Education: What Will It Take?" Although both the author and Slavin agreed on some points, they disagreed on the following: (1) Failure to Distinguish the Requirements of Decision Making at National and Local Levels and, with This, Over-confidence in…
Kahlenberg, Richard D., Ed.
The Century Foundation released The Future of School Integration: Socioeconomic Diversity as an Education Reform Strategy, edited by senior fellow Richard D. Kahlenberg. The volume seeks to answer important questions about how socioeconomic integration plans are faring and to provide guidance for how they can be sustained and expanded in the…
Pyhalto, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina; Pietarinen, Janne
Purpose: This study aims to gain better understanding of the perceptions comprehensive school principals and chief education officers have about the implementation of school reform and the means they use to facilitate the development of such. Design/methodology/approach: This research project was carried out using a systemic design research…
Shelton, Aubrey W.; And Others
This study examined the impact of the Mississippi Legislative Reform Act on elementary education majors. The purpose of the study was to organize data to be used to provide short and long term program planning specifically for future elementary school teachers. Phase one of the study provided a demographic profile of students majoring in…