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1

Secondary Education Reform: Retrospect and Prospect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In these lectures the author examines current criticisms of secondary education in light of the history of secondary education reform and then discusses future prospects for reform as they relate to the place of secondary education in modern American society. The author begins by presenting a retrospective analysis of a number of studies and…

Passow, A. Harry

2

Secondary Education Reform: In Prospect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents and discusses the common threads woven into the recommendations for educational reform from the major reports published since 1972. An examination of their conclusions and recommendations for change suggests areas to be considered for reform efforts. (Author/MLF)|

Passow, A. Harry

1977-01-01

3

Secondary STEM Educational Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Federal and state funding agencies have invested billions of dollars into secondary STEM (Science, Technology, Education, Mathematics) educational reform over the past decade. This volume addresses the interplay of external and internal variables associated with school reform and how this dynamic has impacted many efforts. The goal of this book…

Johnson, Carla C., Ed.

2011-01-01

4

Secondary School Reform, Inclusion, and Authentic Assessment. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform for Youth with Disabilities (RISER) has identified Schools of Authentic and Inclusive Learning (SAIL) to explore whether and how secondary students with disabilities are included in secondary education reform. In this brief, the literature describing the intersection of reform, inclusion, and…

Braden, Jeffery P.; Schroeder, Jennifer L.; Buckley, Jacquelyn A.

5

Catholic Secondary Schools and the Educational Reform Movement in American Secondary Education. NCEA Special Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The educational reform of America's secondary schools has been the subject of conferences and documents. The National Catholic Education Association concurs with many of the ideas presented by proponents of this renewal, but the association believes there are omissions in philosophy and proposals espoused by the reformers. In this bulletin,…

National Catholic Educational Association, Washington, DC.

6

Curriculum Reform in Secondary Education: Planning, Development and Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A discussion of secondary education curriculum reform, particularly in Eastern and Central Europe, examines potentially conflicting concerns characterizing the current reform debate: stronger national policies alongside calls for curricula responsive to local needs; broad versus core curricula; central versus decentralized control of assessment;…

Kallen, Denis

1996-01-01

7

Post-secondary Education under Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past, post-secondary education has been an option for welfare recipients wishing to increase their earning power. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) shifted federal policy and made it more difficult for welfare recipients to pursue a college education. Nevertheless, several work activities…

Cohen, Marie

1998-01-01

8

The Reform of Secondary Education; A Professional Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is a collection of articles by various authors, which examine issues surrounding the reform of secondary education. Part 1 presents a historical survey of American education. Part 2 develops a conceptual framework for making useful policy statements. It also considers issues of individual freedom and social order, with emphasis on…

Alpren, Morton; And Others

9

Teachers' Experience of Secondary Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines teachers' experience in relation to the massive top-down but ever-changing education reform initiatives in Hong Kong, where "East meets West" in cultures and identities. A life-narrative approach was used to probe the daily experience of 24 secondary school teachers of different ages, genders, and marital statuses to examine…

Luk-Fong, Pattie Yuk Yee; Brennan, Marie

2010-01-01

10

Teachers' Experience of Secondary Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines teachers' experience in relation to the massive top-down but ever-changing education reform initiatives in Hong Kong, where "East meets West" in cultures and identities. A life-narrative approach was used to probe the daily experience of 24 secondary school teachers of different ages, genders, and marital statuses to examine…

Luk-Fong, Pattie Yuk Yee; Brennan, Marie

2010-01-01

11

Secondary Education in Europe: Reforms and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a brief history of Europe's secondary schools and highlights recent trends and changes. Pays particular attention to Yugoslavia. Concludes with a seven-item agenda for future changes. (JDH)|

Potkonjak, Nikola M.

1986-01-01

12

The Reform of Secondary Education in Indonesia during the 1990s: Basic Education Expansion and Quality Improvement through Curriculum Decentralization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Case study of two main secondary education reforms in Indonesia in the 1990s: Expansion of basic education and the decentralization of curriculum. Discusses the social, political, and economic trends in the 1990s, context of the secondary education reforms, and the rationale for the reforms. Focuses on the curriculum decentralization design and…

Yeom, Min-Ho; Acedo, Clementina; Utomo, Erry

2002-01-01

13

Reform in Secondary Education: The Continuing Efforts to Reform Secondary Education, and a Modest Proposal. Curriculum Bulletin Vol. XXXII, No. 340.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author begins by examining the functions of the school and the basic principles governing the provision of education in the American democracy as a way of providing a framework for analyzing proposals for the reform of secondary education. He then examines proposals for reform. His major focus is on ten proposals made by agencies,…

Saylor, Galen

14

Recipients, Agents, or Partners?: The Contradictions of Teacher Participation in Mexican Secondary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The countries of Latin America have been no exception to global calls for educational transformation and teacher professionalization at the secondary level. One of the newest of these reforms is Mexico's Reforma de la Educacion Secundaria (RS) (Reform of Secondary Education), launched in 2006. This article examines portrayals by various actors of…

Levinson, Bradley A.; Blackwood, Janet; Cross, Valerie

2013-01-01

15

Piecing a Quilt: Redesigning Secondary Teacher Education in the Context of Statewide Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the University of Kentucky's Masters with Initial Certification program, which helps preservice secondary teachers integrate theory and practice during 1 field-based, professional year, integrating diverse components of teacher education. The program developed as a response to the 1990 Kentucky Education Reform Act and a result of a…

Spalding, Elizabeth; Wilson, Angene; Sandidge, Rosetta

2000-01-01

16

Voices of Students, Parents, and Teachers in China's Secondary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this study was to examine how and to what extent secondary teachers have implemented educational reforms in China that have had a direct impact on students, teachers, and parents. The survey concluded that teachers and parents liked the reform initiatives. Most teachers were able to make changes that supported the reforms even though…

Joong, Peter; Ying, Xiong; Lin, Li; Jian, Pan Chun

2006-01-01

17

The Effects of an Upper Secondary Education Reform on the Attainment of Immigrant Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The national Norwegian school reform of 1994, which gave students statutory rights to at least 3 years of upper secondary education, had a significant impact on educational attainment among immigrant youth. In particular, we find that the immigrant transition rate from compulsory schooling to completion of the first year of upper secondary

Brinch, Christian N.; Bratsberg, Bernt; Raaum, Oddbjorn

2012-01-01

18

Secondary Education Reform and the Concept of Equality of Opportunity in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the Central Council for Education's (CCE) reform proposals in the 1990's, placing them within the context of developing the concept "equality of education opportunity" as applied to educational policies in Japan since 1945. Provides three reasons why the CCE's proposal of a new type of secondary school would be destructive. (CMK)|

Okada, Akito

1999-01-01

19

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private tutoring.…

Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

20

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private…

Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

21

Curriculum Reform and Reproducing Inequality in Upper-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capacity of schooling to overcome disadvantage in society is a recurring topic of discussion and debate in countries around the world. Current government-led reforms of curriculum, assessment and schooling often aim to address inequality, as part of broader agendas to improve national productivity and social wellbeing. Recent approaches to…

Fenwick, Lisl

2011-01-01

22

Schools of Authentic and Inclusive Learning. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief provides an overview of the foundation and framework for the Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities. RISER focuses on secondary schools engaged in reform efforts that include students with disabilities and seeks to identify restructuring practices that benefit all students. RISERs goal is…

Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Phelps, L. Allen; Braden, Jeff; Warren, Valli

23

Democratization of Secondary Education in Malaysia: Emerging Problems and Challenges of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The democratization of education in Malaysia has come a long way since the early 1960s. In the early 1990s, the government decided to democratize secondary education in order to widen formal access to secondary education, especially at the upper secondary level. It is the contention of this paper that the widening of formal access to education

Sua, Tan Yao

2012-01-01

24

Reform of Secondary Education in Morocco: Challenges and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As people embark on a new globalized world, the old formal system of education in the Arab world is facing challenges and dilemmas. How can the new system preserve their Islamic and Arabic culture, while incorporating strategies for a new globalized world? This article tries to answer some of these questions by focusing on Morocco as a case…

Diyen, Hayat

2004-01-01

25

Reform of Secondary Education in Morocco: Challenges and Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we embark on a new globalized world, the old formal system of education in the Arab world is facing challenges and dilemmas. How can the new system preserve our Islamic and Arabic culture, while incorporating strategies for a new globalized world? This article tries to answer some of these questions by focusing on Morocco as a case study. One

Hayat Diyen

2004-01-01

26

Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational

Franklin, Barry M.

2012-01-01

27

Understanding the Ecologies of Education Reforms: Comparing the Perceptions of Parents and Secondary Teachers and Students in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines how secondary school teachers have implemented educational reforms in China. To examine the implementation process, we conducted teacher, student, and parent surveys. Teachers and students surveys asked questions on how often a teaching or evaluation strategy was used in a given course. The survey concluded that teachers and…

Joong, Yee Han Peter

2012-01-01

28

An Appraisal of the Effects on Secondary Education of the Reforms of the Late 1980s in the Flemish Community of Belgium: Quality Maintained.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The late 1980s witnessed the deregulation and decentralization of education in Belgium. To examine some of the effects of this reform, four dimensions of general secondary education in the Flemish community following reforms are provided here. Each dimension is explored in a chapter. The first dimension, the structure of Flemish education,…

Zedalis, Catherine Lee Wade

29

Higher Education Reform In Kyrgyzstan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kyrgyzstan, a former soviet republic in Central Asia, is currently going through a process of higher education reform to strengthen its system, many of the problems of which are a legacy of its soviet history. Reforms include the establishment of a national testing system for graduates of secondary education, the development of an ethics code to counter the buying of

Gary N. McLean

30

Ritual and Rationality in Teacher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the implications of calls for reform of secondary schools and teacher education. Focuses on meanings given to reform, including the possibility of reform as ritual and the technical rationality said to underlie the proposals. Considers how teacher education reform efforts might address critical questions not mentioned in the reports. (KH)

Cornbleth, Catherine

1986-01-01

31

Anchors for Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates…

Alok, Kumar

2012-01-01

32

Sex wars: Conflict in, and reform of, sex education in maintained secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Act 1993 made the provision of sex education compulsory in all maintained secondary schools for the first time. Additionally, parents were given an unconditional right to withdraw their child from sex education lessons. Given the current concerns about the sexual lifestyle of the young in the UK, highlighted by the White Paper; The Health of the Nation, this

Clare Furniss; Ann Blair

1997-01-01

33

Educational Reform in Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the Spanish educational system, focusing on reforms enacted in 1990. Discusses reform movement issues, including quality, curricular control, curricular homogeneity versus diversity, and influence of European context. Describes reform movement aims (i.e., extending basic education and modifying educational levels to improve quality) and…

Marchesi, Alvaro

1992-01-01

34

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

35

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

36

Resource and Technology: A beacon for change in the reform of Jamaica's secondary education system - or a "pipedream"?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T) was an innovation designed to develop the creative potential in technology and to transform pedagogical practices from being teacher-centred to being student-centred. This paper examines how teachers and principals involved in the implementation of R&T perceive its attributes, such as need and relevance and observability. The findings reveal how the achievement of goals was frustrated and which challenges the users faced, including a lack of clarity of the means for implementing R&T.

Jennings, Zellynne

2012-04-01

37

Education Reform Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Midwestern educators paint a hazy picture of the past 5 years of educational reform. While the general consensus is that great strides have been made by local schools and school districts, few agree that state governments' efforts to facilitate reform have been adequate. To meet the challenges of the future, the majority of midwestern educators

Council of State Governments, Lombard, IL. Midwestern Legislative Conference.

38

History and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Features comments from Robert L. Hampel, William R. Johnson, Diane Ravitch, and David N. Plank on David Tyack and Larry Cuban's book, "Tinkering toward Utopia: A Century of Public School Reform." The book argues that educational reformers in the 20th century have attempted large-scale systemic reforms instituted from the top down. (MJP)

Hampel, Robert L.; And Others

1996-01-01

39

Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

De Lisle, Jerome

2012-01-01

40

Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

41

Poland: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

42

Hungary: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

43

Russia: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

44

Romania: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

45

Educational Reform in Louisiana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although education has appealed to southern governors as a catapult to historical recognition, future governors should consider Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer's ill-fated educational reform plan for Louisiana State University's College of Education, particularly its teacher evaluation and internship program. Public education seems a low-priority…

Maxcy, Spencer J.; Maxcy, Doreen O.

1993-01-01

46

Education Reforms: Lessons from History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy makers in education have long embraced reform. Unfortunately, education reforms have consistently been plagued by the reformers' lack of knowledge and appreciation of the history of education. Accordingly, the latest reform, touted as a panacea, meets with failure, and the search for the magic elixir begins anew. The ahistorical nature of…

Hunt, Thomas C.

2005-01-01

47

Educational Reform in Benin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the educational reform of a developing socialist nation in Africa. Outlines the educational principles, policies, and practices which are aimed at the socialization of the child in order to integrate him into his community while equipping him with the practical and intellectual means of transforming it. (Author/JK)

Guezodje, Vincent

1977-01-01

48

"Women's Work" in the Office: Implications for Secondary School Clerical Education Reform. (A Canadian Perspective).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Clerical worker education tends to focus on socializing students for success. It should also examine the workplace organization and reward structure to prepare students to recognize and challenge social and economic inequities related to job value and job security. (SK)|

Ahola-Sidaway, Janice; McKinnon, Margaret

1993-01-01

49

Classroom Teachers' Views on Inclusion. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform for Youth with Disabilities (RISER) Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief discusses the outcomes of a study that examined the views of 32 secondary education teachers in four secondary schools on the inclusion of students with disabilities in their classrooms. Analyses of the interview data indicate that the general education teachers were committed to inclusion and that they did make instructional…

King, M. Bruce; Youngs, Peter

50

Secondary Education Reform in Lesotho and Zimbabwe and the Needs of Rural Girls: Pronouncements, Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the persistence of academic exam-oriented curricula and teaching styles of colonial origin in Lesotho and Zimbabwe despite differences in colonial history and current ideological and economic systems. Discusses the lack of reform policy implementation, ruling class interests, popular pressures and conservative educational attitudes, and…

Ansell, Nicola

2002-01-01

51

Secondary Education Reform in Lesotho and Zimbabwe and the Needs of Rural Girls: Pronouncements, Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the persistence of academic exam-oriented curricula and teaching styles of colonial origin in Lesotho and Zimbabwe despite differences in colonial history and current ideological and economic systems. Discusses the lack of reform policy implementation, ruling class interests, popular pressures and conservative educational attitudes, and…

Ansell, Nicola

2002-01-01

52

The Improving America's Schools Act and Elementary and Secondary Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes the major provisions of the Improving America's Education Act (IASA): (1) higher standards for all children; (2) a focus on teaching and learning; (3) flexibility to stimulate local school-based and district initiatives, coupled with the responsibility for student performance; (4) links among schools, parents, and communities; and (5)…

Riley, Richard W.

1995-01-01

53

Life after High School: Which Postschool Outcomes Matter for Students with and without Disabilities in Restructured High Schools? Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform for Youth with Disabilities (RISER) has been studying three significantly restructured high schools that have included students with disabilities and their parents in the design and/or implementation of school reform efforts. Each of these schools has operated for 3-12 years with its new,…

Mooney, Marianne; Phelps, L. Allen

54

Disposable Reform? Assessing the Durability of Secondary School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Longitudinal study of the durability of Illinois secondary school reform initiatives begun in 1989. Finds certain weakness in the implementation of essential reform initiatives. Suggests need for benchmarks to maintain connections and to establish competence and routine. Discusses implications of findings for the use of institutionalization to…

Prestine, Nona A.

2000-01-01

55

Authentic Assessment and Student Performance in Inclusive Schools. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research brief explores the extent to which teacher-designed assessments are authentic in inclusive secondary schools and how students with and without disabilities perform on these assessments. Data come from three high schools that are participating in a 5-year national study conducted by the Research Institute on Secondary Education

King, M. Bruce; Schroeder, Jennifer; Chawszczewski, David

56

Policy Development and Reform Principles of Basic and Secondary Education in Finland Since 1968. Education Working Paper Series. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Many factors have contributed to…

Aho, Erkki; Pitkanen, Kari; Sahlberg, Pasi

2006-01-01

57

An Update of Educational Reform in Michigan. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 1970, the Governor's Commission on Educational Reform issued a report recommending changes in the administrative and financial structures of Michigan elementary and secondary education. The report, an update of an initial report, covers February through September 1970. Actions taken on educational reform legislation include (1) a State…

Michigan State Office of Planning Coordination, Lansing.

58

The Rhetoric of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More research is needed to explore the ways in which education reform can be considered an international as opposed to a national phenomenon. To meet this need, an examination of the language of recent large-scale education reform in Canada, Great Britain, New Zealand, and the United States is presented. The research looks at the main official…

Levin, Benjamin; Young, Jonathan

59

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

60

The Future Tense of Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggestions for secondary education reform in which the California Council on the Education of Teachers might assume an active role are presented. Main emphasis is upon future-directed planning for leisure-time use, adaptive ability, curriculum, inservice education, humanized education, and co-option of content from fields outside of education.…

Polos, Nicholas C.

1978-01-01

61

Education Reform: Challenges for Psychology and Psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

National, state, and local education reform agendas have been on a fast track for more than a decade. Although some psychologists have been active in promoting psychology and psychological services in education reform initiatives, knowledge about their efforts is fragmented. In order to educate psychologists about education reform, this article highlights the impetus for the recent education reform movement, briefly

Deborah J. Tharinger; Nadine M. Lambert; Patricia M. Bricklin; Norma Feshbach; Neal F. Johnson; Thomas D. Oakland; Vera S. Paster; William Sanchez

1996-01-01

62

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural

J. J. Lagowski

1995-01-01

63

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

64

Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

Hamano, Takashi

2008-01-01

65

Educational Reform in Finland in the 1970's.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The overall educational strategy within the relevant historical, social, and economic contexts is described in a summary of the broad outlines of Finnish educational systems and reforms. Explanation of the comprehensive school experiment for primary, secondary, and vocational education precedes discussion of the higher education system, teacher…

Nyberg, Rene, Ed.

66

Quixotic Ideas for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a series of ideas for educational reform, some drawn from the author's previous works. Experimentation is badly needed to see what will work at every level of education. Suggestions include encouragement of single-sex schooling and endorsement of allowing college curricular authority to reside with faculty. (SLD)|

Riesman, David

1993-01-01

67

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Re

2009-06-17

68

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

69

The Educational Reform and Transformation in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. THE NATURE OF EDUCATION REFORMS: 1991-2001 Education reform in the Russia Federation after 1991 was an orchestrated attack on what was now perceived as the ideologically impure Soviet system of education, with its ubiquitous administrative centralisation, a bankrupt communist ideology and bureaucratic inefficiency. Hurried attempts were made to Westernize Russian education. These early attempts at reform reflected the lack

Joseph Zajda

70

K through 12 School Reform: Implications and Responsibilities for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document reviews elementary and secondary education reform movements in California in relation to student preparation for higher education, particularly whether movements now underway are substantive and convincing. The report reviews the national context for educational reform and California's role in that movement. Discussion of reforms in…

Intersegmental Coordinating Council, Sacramento, CA.

71

Science Education Reform...Who Cares?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article, from the Ecological Society of America's Bulletin, discusses science education reform and issues surrounding the topic. Some suggestions are given with regard to changes that could be implemented to reform science education, including, in general changing course structure.

Priest, Jeffrey M.

2010-02-16

72

Scaling up Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment for Undergraduate Programs) project was developed to implement reforms designed for small classes into large physics classes. Over 50 schools across the country, ranging from Wake Technical Community College to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have adopted it for classes of…

Gaffney, Jon D. H.; Richards, Evan; Kustusch, Mary Bridget; Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert J.

2008-01-01

73

Considerations for Education Reform in British Columbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countries around the world refer to twenty-first century education as essential to maintaining personal and national economic advantage and draw on this discourse to advocate for and embark on educational reform. This paper examines issues around education reform, particularly in British Columbia. It argues that reformers should give careful…

Santos, Ana

2012-01-01

74

LITIGATION, SCHOOL FINANCE REFORM, AND AGGREGATE EDUCATIONAL SPENDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States has traditionally financed elementary and secondary education through property taxation. In the past two decades, litigation in many states has triggered educational reform movements designed to reduce the inequalities in educational expenditures across districts inherent in a property tax financed system. While these movements have been successful in reducing inequalities, there are some who argue that this

Robert L. Manwaring; Steven M. Sheffrin

1997-01-01

75

Current State and Problems of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education in Russia is experiencing changes in curriculum and in the specialization and function of institutions in the search for a better model for a post-Soviet society. The early 1990s saw the start of the reform of the system of education in Russia. However, problems of quality and of continuity with secondary education have still not…

Salnikov, N.; Burukhin, S.

2009-01-01

76

Scaling Up Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment for Undergraduate Programs) project was developed to implement reforms designed for small classes into large physics classes. Over 50 schools across the country, ranging from Wake Technical Community College to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have adopted it for classes of various sizes. This article discusses the classroom design and teaching techniques that allow pedagogical advances such as SCALE-UP to be used in large-enrollment classes.

Richards, Evan; Gaffney, Jon D.; Ding, Lin; Kustusch, Mary B.; Beichner, Robert J.

2008-05-01

77

Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing…

Pajak, Edward F.

2011-01-01

78

Childhood, Agency and Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides commentary on the relationship between childhood and agency within the context of education reform. The prominence of a `child-centred' social science and the trends in childcare policy, at least in some countries, towards the articulation of children's voices suggest possibilities for children as both research subjects and competent members of society. The article will address these possibilities

MICHAEL G. WYNESS

1999-01-01

79

Education Reform: A Managerial Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education reform has wrongly focused on teacher motivation and rewards, when the organizational system itself is at fault. Research shows that effective school management hinges on increased individual discretion and decision-making opportunities for teachers and less controlling behavior by administrators. Ten characteristics of effective…

Bacharach, Samuel B.; Conley, Sharon C.

1986-01-01

80

Reforming Education in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite significant increases in spending on child care and education during the last decade, PISA scores suggest that educational performance remains static, uneven and strongly related to parents’ income and background. Better educational performance could improve labour market outcomes, raise growth, lower the consequences of a disadvantaged background and increase social mobility. Given the austere fiscal outlook, improvements have to

Henrik Braconier

2012-01-01

81

The influence of secondary science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, educational beliefs and perceptions of the curriculum on implementation and science reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education reform is one of the focal points of restructuring the educational system in the United States. However, research indicates a slow change in progression towards science literacy among secondary students. One of the factors contributing to slow change is how teachers implement the curriculum in the classroom. Three constructs are believed to be influential in curriculum implementation: educational beliefs, pedagogical knowledge and perception of the curriculum. Earlier research suggests that there is a strong correlation between teachers' educational beliefs and instructional practices. These beliefs can be predictors of preferred strategies employed in the classroom. Secondly, teachers' pedagogical knowledge, that is the ability to apply theory and appropriate strategies associated with implementing and evaluating a curriculum, contributes to implementation. Thirdly, perception or how the curriculum itself is perceived also effects implementation. Each of these constructs has been examined independently, but never the interplay of the three. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the interplay of teachers' educational beliefs, pedagogical content knowledge and perceptions of a science curriculum with respect to how these influence curriculum implementation. This was accomplished by investigating the emerging themes that evolved from classroom observations, transcripts from interview and supplementary data. Five high school biology teachers in an urban school system were observed for ten months for correspondence of teaching strategies to the curriculum. Teachers were interviewed formally and informally about their perceptions of science teaching, learning and the curriculum. Supplementary material such as lesson plans, course syllabus and notes from classroom observations were collected and analyzed. Data were transcribed and analyzed for recurring themes using a thematic matrix. A theoretical model was developed from the emerging themes and sub-themes that attempts to explain how teachers begin with an intended curriculum but digress to the actual curriculum. The results of this study were consistent with previous research on teachers' beliefs and pedagogy but also revealed a new model to explain the interaction of the three constructs. Each instructor held individual beliefs about science, science teaching and pedagogy. However, there was some commonality with teachers' beliefs, pedagogy and perceptions that impacted the implementation of the curriculum. It is the interplay of teachers' educational beliefs, pedagogical content knowledge and perceptions of the curriculum that determines what is taught and instructional strategies used to teach a concept.

Bonner, Portia Selene

2001-07-01

82

Reforms in Science Education, K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As powerful as the compelling reasons for reform in science education are, there is also uncertainty about where this reform may lead. This special issue focuses on reform in K-12 science education. The 23 articles in this book are placed in the following sections: (1) In this issue, (2) Project 2061, (3) The Scope, Sequence and Coordination…

School of Education Review, 1993

1993-01-01

83

Caught between Fantasy and Reality: Confucian Values and Dilemmas of Education Reform Confronting Hong Kong's Secondary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Chinese society, there are two Confucian teachings that have become guiding values for many teachers and have had profound influence on their educational practices for nearly 2,500 years. These values are "yin cai shi jiao" and "you jiao wu lei." The direct translation of yin cai shi jiao is "to carry out teaching based on the material." The…

Tam, Frank Wai-Ming; Lai, Manhong; Lam, Ka-Ka

2007-01-01

84

Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many people believe that future reforms of education should focus on the primary mission of elementary and secondary schools and that these schools must be held more accountable for the academic performance of their students. This book brings together researchers from various disciplines--most notably economics, educational policy and management,…

Ladd, Helen F., Ed.

85

Tobephobia experienced by teachers in secondary schools: An exploratory study focusing on curriculum reform in the Nelson Mandela Metropole  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of its history from apartheid to democracy, the aspiration to reform schools is a recurrent theme in South African education. Efforts to reform education in schools based on the outcomes-based education (OBE) curriculum approach created major challenges for policy makers in South Africa. The purpose of this exploratory research was therefore to determine whether secondary school teachers lack the

P. Singh

2011-01-01

86

Every Child a Winner! A Proposal for a Legislative Action Plan for Systemic Reform of Massachusetts' Public Primary and Secondary Education System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Impressed with the vital importance of an effective public education system to the future of the Commonwealth, a group of involved business activists formed the Massachusetts Business Alliance for Education (MBAE) in 1988. The purpose of the MBAE was to help bring about systematic improvement of Massachusetts' elementary and secondary education

Massachusetts Business for Education, Worcester.

87

Medical Education and Curriculum Reform: Putting Reform Proposals in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to elaborate criteria by which the principles of curriculum re- form can be judged. To this end, the paper presents an overview of standard critiques of medical education and examines the ways medical curriculum reforms have responded to these critiques. The paper then sets out our assessment of these curriculum reforms along three parameters:

Rick Iedema; Pieter Degeling; Jeffrey Braithwaite

2004-01-01

88

Double-Shift Secondary Schools: Possibilities and Issues. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Linden, Toby

89

Context of Educational Reforms Then and Now  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dr. C.W.W. Kannangara is identified by all Sri Lankans as the father of Free Education. He was the architect of the 1944 educational reforms in Sri Lanka which opened the doors of education for all and Sri Lanka has progressed well since then. Today after six decades, the context of 1944 reforms is much changed, yet Sri Lanka continues to provide…

Sedere, Mohottige Upali

2005-01-01

90

General Education Reform: Opportunities for Institutional Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General education reform provides strategic opportunities for departments. This article analyzes reform at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, illustrating how departments could use the reform process to clarify their strategic planning, align with institutional goals, and steer the university closer to departmental objectives. (Contains 1 table.)

Fuess, Scott M., Jr.; Mitchell, Nancy D.

2011-01-01

91

Reforming Primary and Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: An IDB Strategy. Sustainable Development Department Sector Strategy and Policy Papers Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes what is known about educational improvement in Latin America and provides objectives and strategies to guide the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in supporting primary and secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean over the next decade. It is based on six background papers as well as a review of the lessons…

Castro, Claudio de Moura; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Wolff, Laurence; Carnoy, Martin

92

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take, for example, the various SSI's statements of "good educational practice." Most SSI's began their initiatives by establishing clear goals for what students should know and be able to do, reflecting the emergence of a national consensus for broad standards for just about every aspect of the educational process. The concerned persons in each SSI--policy-makers, educators, mathematicians, and scientists--have not necessarily reached the same conclusions about what children should learn or even what efforts are needed to put the necessary changes in place, but they are focused on common goals as expressed locally. The recent national dialogues about goals and standards have provided the basis for a remarkably consistent image of what states--at least the SSI states--consider good educational practice. The differences that do occur across states reflect variations in demographics, geography, resources, values, and educational structure. All the states with SSI's, regardless of their primary strategy, have address the professional development of teachers. Collectively, the SSI's reported that professional development services were provided to more than 50,000 teachers during the past year, which is approximately eight percent of the public school teachers in the participating states. The number of teachers participating varied by grade level and subject matter. Some states, for example, reported reaching more than one in every five middle-school mathematics teachers, but only one in every 20 high-school mathematics teachers. Focusing SSI resources on the professional development of classroom teachers implies changing their skill levels, knowledge, and beliefs. Attitudes and perceptions of administrators also changed in the process. The challenge lies in developing a strategy that provides on-going, in-depth professional development that reaches a significant portion of those who teach mathematics and the sciences. Not only must an effective development model(s), be provided, the infrastructure to accommodate all teachers must be created as well. Most state

Lagowski, J. J.

1995-09-01

93

Reforming Teacher Education: Something Old, Something New  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher education has been subject to both scathing criticism and innumerable efforts designed to reform it or to save it from being dismantled. One of the latest and most well funded efforts aimed at teacher education reform is boldly titled Teachers for a New Era (TNE). Eleven colleges and universities of various types nationwide were selected…

Kirby, Sheila Nataraj; McCombs, Jennifer Sloan; Barney, Heather; Naftel, Scott

2006-01-01

94

Coherence and Collaboration in Teacher Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional teacher education programs, frequently criticized for ineffectiveness, are changing at several Canadian universities. A range of literature on reform in teacher education suggests that coherence among program elements and collaborative environments are key features of successful reforms. Using a framework of critical analysis, we examined shortcomings of traditional programs and considered some characteristics of alternative approaches, including authorizing prospective

Tom Russell; Suzin McPherson; Andrea K. Martin

95

Emerging Issues in Educational Reform in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Uses the demand-supply continuum to look at emerging reforms in the Japanese educational system. Data from fieldwork in major urban districts and their prefectures in Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo highlight demand-driven reform (higher education restructuring), integrated governance (mediating demand and supply at the K-12 levels), and ongoing…

Wong, Kenneth K.

2003-01-01

96

Educational Change and the "Khalwa" in the Sudan: Reform Reformed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Sudan's New Educational Policy, a top-down educational reform plan promulgated by the Nimeiri Government during 1970-85. The plan attempted to increase enrollments dramatically and change a colonial British curriculum to a modern, authentically Sudanese curriculum. Fortunately, the plan ignored the Khalawi, alternative institutions that…

Lynch, Patrick D.; And Others

1992-01-01

97

Strategies for Higher Education Reform in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter focuses on issues of higher education reform strategies in Thailand\\u000a \\u000a during the post-economic crisis period (1997–2007). The Thai Government\\u000a \\u000a attests five key reform policies in teaching and learning, finance, human resources, research, and administration. When examining\\u000a governmental policies and actions, educational law, and educational strategies from the Thai Ministry of Education, it is\\u000a evident the implementation of reform

Nattavud Pimpa

98

Policy Formation and Implementation in Secondary Education Reform: The Case of Chile at the Turn of the Century. Education Working Paper Series. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…

Cox, Cristian

2006-01-01

99

Centralization, decentralization, recentralization - Educational reform in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China’s educational leaders have long debated the pluses and minuses of decentralization of control and resources of China’s vast educational enterprise. During various periods of post-1949 China, the central authorities have devolved control to the provinces, key cities, and rural communes, only to recentralize later usually due to political reforms. In this chapter various stages of the educational reform movement

John N. Hawkins

2000-01-01

100

Educational Reforms and Innovations in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

101

Technical and further education reforms: Theoretical issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines theoretical issues arising from technical and further education and training reforms over the last few\\u000a decades. It illustrates how these reforms have been dominated by particular knowledge concerns assumed to be central to specific\\u000a areas of human activity. It then examines the reforms in terms of theoretical relationships among knowledge, skills, activity\\u000a and meaning, as advanced by

John Stevenson

2007-01-01

102

A Review of the Major Current Reports on Secondary Education. Urban Diversity Series Number 88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume summarizes the reports of the following commissions and study groups on secondary school reform: (1) National Commission on Excellence in Education ("A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform"); (2) Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching ("High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America," by Ernest…

Passow, A. Harry

103

Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms mainly tackle the reform processes and

Yuzhuo Cai

2010-01-01

104

Does Education Reform Improve Job Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The late 1980's and 1990's were a period of intensive reform within American public education. However, in terms of verified student outcomes, there is little evidence that most of these reforms had the desired impact. Examining military personnel data, w...

J. W. Wenger D. D. Lien L. C. Cavalluzzo

2003-01-01

105

Educational Reform: A Self-Scrutinizing Memoir.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, the author candidly confronts errors he made of omission, commission, misplaced emphases, and watering down the depth and scope of his criticisms of the reform arena in his half-century involvement in educational reform. No other major figure in this arena has made public such a searching self-critique. Sharing his thoughts about the…

Sarason, Seymour B.

106

Educational Reform: A Self-Scrutinizing Memoir.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this book, the author candidly confronts errors he made of omission, commission, misplaced emphases, and watering down the depth and scope of his criticisms of the reform arena in his half-century involvement in educational reform. No other major figure in this arena has made public such a searching self-critique. Sharing his thoughts about…

Sarason, Seymour B.

107

Reel Reform: Documentaries Spur Debate about Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three new American documentaries including "Waiting for Superman," "The Lottery, Race to Nowhere" and one British entry, "We are the People We've Been Waiting For," have animated school reform debates. Each of these documentaries seeks to disturb the entrenched thinking by claiming that our educational institutions are suffering from a malaise…

Hurley, Stephen

2011-01-01

108

The Politics of Reform in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Author criticizes the educational reformers who, through changes that they advocate in the college classroom, would like to execute a significant radical gesture calculated to shake the entire American system." (Author/DR)

Shaw, Peter

1971-01-01

109

Geologists and the Reform of Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is one approach to the reform of earth science education. Discussed are conceptual themes, the role of elementary school science, the development of positive science attitudes, selection of topics and the role of the geologist. (CW)|

Buchwald, Caryl Edward; Bybee, Rodger Wayne

1990-01-01

110

Reforming the Doctorate in Education: Three Conceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors focus on three relatively concrete reform efforts now being implemented in a number of schools of education that took part in the Carnegie Initiative on the Doctorate (CID) study: (1) the establishment of a core of educational courses; (2) significant changes in the preparation of educational researchers; and (3) new…

McCarty, Luise Prior; Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter

2004-01-01

111

Educational Reform in an Era of Disinformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Criticisms leveled at the American education system are examined in this paper, which asserts that misinformation about Japanese education should not be used as a basis for educational reform in the United States. Commonly reported changes made against the American public school system are explored; they include lowered student intelligence,…

Berliner, David C.

112

Curriculum Reform in Finnish Pharmacy Education  

PubMed Central

Objective To improve pharmacy education through integrating theory and practice, coherent constructively aligned course entities, and enhanced deep-level learning. Design The reform was conducted collaboratively with faculty and staff members, students, and stakeholders in pharmacy. The curriculum, syllabus, and teaching methods were assessed through evaluations and research, conducting core content analyses, and measuring the workload of pharmacy education courses. The new curriculum, launched in August 2005, consists of 6 strands, comprised of different courses which run through the entire program. Assessment Three years after the introduction of the reformed curriculum, the results of the reform are being evaluated. Ongoing assessments of teaching and learning will reveal how the education at the faculty level has developed since the reform. These assessment procedures are an integral part of the faculty's quality assurance program. Conclusion The integration of practical training and theoretical studies was improved with personal study plans introduced to enhance students’ learning.

Hakkarainen, Katja; Kuosa, Tiina; Airaksinen, Marja; Hirvonen, Jouni; Holm, Yvonne

2009-01-01

113

Systemic reform in science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation is a study of two school districts participating in a Statewide Systemic Initiative (SSI) funded by the National Science Foundation. The two districts were funded by the SSI to implement models of systemic reform over a five-year period. The study explores the "systemic" approaches to science reform in each of the districts in their second year of implementation and the impact of these reforms on the science programs offered to students. Data collected includes general and contextual information about the Statewide Systemic Initiative and the participating districts; characteristics and views of teachers, school administrators, and district administrators; and characteristics of the science programs in each of the two districts. Information on the instructional practices collected through classroom observations is also included. The author provides a description of the science reform efforts in the two districts and analyzes how involvement in the Statewide Systemic Initiative has influenced the reform in these districts. In addition, the author examines how classroom practice has been influenced in a subset of classrooms in the study districts. The discussions of the findings from both districts are organized around three areas of impact: impact on the progress of the reform, impact on the supportiveness of context of the reform, and instructional impacts. Implications for future science reform efforts are also addressed.

Pasley, Joan Deters

114

International Education Year 1970. Reflections on Democratization of Secondary and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The International Education Year objective to promote a period of reflection, experimentation and reform in the thought and practice of education is met in this commentary on democratization of secondary and higher education. An analysis of the myths and realities of equal educational opportunity precedes discussion of the kinds of redirection…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

115

Reforma Educativa: Proyecto de Reforma Educativa para Francia (Educational Reform: French Educational Reform Proposals).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is a Spanish translation of French educational reform proposals and general educational philosophy. Initial remarks in the document concern educational objectives and general aims of the particular educational levels. Different, possible, educational progressions are considered, and the university system is discussed. Teacher…

Langevin, Paul

116

Center for Research and Reform in Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 2004, the Center for Research and Reform in Education (CRRE) works "to improve the quality of education for children in grades pre-K to 12 through its research into program effectiveness." CRRE's work focuses on developing and evaluating alternative approaches to teaching and school organization. On the site, visitors can peruse the organization's Twitter feed, and then browse their very useful magazine, "Better." The magazine is published three times a year, and it offers a "unique international perspective on evidence-based education reform." Visitors can read past issues of the magazine here or explore issues on a range of specific themes, including assessment, struggling readers, policy and practice, and science. Moving on, the site also contains the Center's blog, "Evidence-Based Education Reform," and links to the a Best Evidence Encyclopedia.

117

Teachers, Technology, and Training. Perspectives on Education and School Reform: Launching School Reform Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews four perspectives that education and school reform writings fall into: technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological. Provides suggestions and recommendations to educators wishing to launch school reform initiatives grounded in the template of the perspectives. (AEF)|

Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

1997-01-01

118

General Education Reform and the Computer Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews arguments surrounding the inclusion of computer literacy as part of core requirements for all undergraduates, considering the effect of the current postsecondary educational reform movement. Describes seven models for linking general education and computer science, and highlights American University's approach, which integrates computing…

Ferren, Ann S.

1993-01-01

119

Inclusive Education Reform: Implications for Teacher Aides  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Queensland, inclusive education reform is on the political agenda, following the report of the Ministerial Taskforce on Inclusive Education (students with disabilities) in 2004. The Government's responses to the initiatives outlined in the taskforce report emphasise a commitment to social justice and equity so that all students can be included…

Bourke, Patricia; Carrington, Suzanne

2007-01-01

120

Educational Reform in Japan for Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the current state of affairs and reform in Japan in 2007 of the theory, policy, and practice of lifelong education. As in most countries, Japan has been talking of decentralisation in government, of giving more local autonomy to communities and of promoting individuality in education. In line with these aims, the government…

Kawachi, Paul

2008-01-01

121

Primary Education Curriculum Reforms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to examine and evaluate the basic structure of changes in primary educational curricula in Turkey since the establishment of Republic. The study is mainly qualitative and is based on literature and document analyses and teaching curricular reviews. The research findings indicate that primary educational reforms in Turkey…

Akinoglu, Orhan

2008-01-01

122

Educational Reform, Ability, and Family Background  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the period between 1950 and the mid- 1970s many European countries carried out major educational reforms that resulted in increases in the number of compulsory years of education, in the introduction of national cur- ricula, and in the abolition, or delay, of the placement of more able students into separate schools at an early age (streaming). Examples of such

Costas Meghir; Mårten Palme

2005-01-01

123

Reform of General Education in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, the thrust of reform in general education in China has been to implement the guiding principle of all-round development in morality, intelligence, health, and aesthetics; and to strengthen labor education in order to lay a solid foundation for the training of skilled personnel for socialist modernization. (IAH)|

Shanye, Jiang

1988-01-01

124

School Reform Models and Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an investigation of three comprehensive school reform models, Accelerated Schools, Roots and Wings, and Voices of Love and Freedom, teacher surveys were collected and analyzed to determine their impact on special education. There were no differences found in the special education teachers' perceptions of the models in the areas of professional development, resources, pedagogical changes, or outcomes. Teachers reported

Myung-Sook Koh; Janna Siegel Robertson

2003-01-01

125

Educational reforms, cultural clashes and classroom practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional organisational patterns and participation structures of the lessons. Through a systematic analysis of

Xiao Lan Curdt-Christiansen; Rita Elaine Silver

2012-01-01

126

Russian Higher Education Reforms: Shifting Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the authors analyze the existing higher education policies in the Russian Federation and discuss the implications of current reforms for the future of the higher education sector and those involved in it. The authors' analytical framework was based on the work of Olssen, Codd, and O'Neill (2004), outlining the major tenets of the…

Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

2007-01-01

127

Misrecognition and science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and Passeron 1977) to open up new ways of thinking about science inquiry and school reform.

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-09-01

128

Learning Organizations for Sustainable Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

HE MOST STRIKING FEATURE of the education-reform move- ment in America today is that it is still with us. During the twentieth century, the country has seen many educa- tion-reform efforts come and go with disappointing results. Usually, proposals are made in response to some immediate perceived crisis—a war, an economic downturn, a moment of scientific or technological competitiveness such

Lauren B. Resnick; Megan Williams Hall

129

Comenius, Light Metaphysics and Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of Comenius for the debates over educational reform dating from the 1630s onwards is now coming to light, thanks\\u000a not least to our better understanding of the history of the foundation of the Royal Society. That Francis Bacon played a significant\\u000a role in these debates needs no emphasis. Bacon, like Comenius, set his programme of reform within a

Jan Rohls

130

Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms

Cai, Yuzhuo

2010-01-01

131

Biodiversity Curriculum that Supports Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environmental educators in many states are finding that reform efforts are constraining the time they have to prepare and teach new activities. Therefore, they may find it appropriate to develop materials that address environmental education (EE) needs as well as augmenting state reform goals. This study provides an example in which a biodiversity curriculum guide, using the "Linking Florida's Natural Heritage" database, successfully infuses environmental concepts with the writing benchmarks of Florida's Sunshine State Standards (SSS). When measured by the same rubric used for the Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test (FCAT), writing skills rose significantly after students used the five lesson biodiversity supplement.

Wilson, Jeanette

132

Do Shared Decision-Making Teams Discuss Special Education in Educational Reform Meetings?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authors of recent reports have concluded that U.S. educational reform has ignored special education (President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education, 2002). Little is known, however, about how local educational reform efforts consider special education when making decisions that may affect students in special education or special educators. The authors of this study examined the relationships between general education reform

Stephen D. Truscott; Joel Meyers; Barbara Meyers; Lynn M. Gelzheiser; Christine B. Grout

2004-01-01

133

From Olympics to Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses Utah's competency-based education bill (S.B. 154). Includes graduation requirements, role of local boards, task force charge, alternative teacher certification, state education summit, state board of education role in the bill's implementation. (PKP)|

Christie, Kathy

2003-01-01

134

Educational Reform: An Ironic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article adopts "irony" as a frame for understanding some of the consequences of the reform movement in the UK. A distinction is drawn between the ironies that are endemic in all organizations and rooted in ambiguities and dilemmas, and the ironies that specifically flow from the disjunction between central policies and the contingent…

Hoyle, Eric; Wallace, Mike

2007-01-01

135

Misrecognition and Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-01-01

136

Redefining Post-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least a brief period of time, the release of Bob Rae's review of post-secondary education in Ontario served to focus public attention on the importance of post-secondary education not only in Ontario, but across Canada. This article elaborates further on Rae's review which stresses the crucial importance of the higher studies and recommends…

Turpin, David H.

2005-01-01

137

Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

138

The Artifacts of Educational Reform: Explaining the Unexpected.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The inequality of opportunity that sometimes results from educational reform may not be an artifact or an aberration but may be the intended result of most programs. Although the ostensible goal of most educational reform is equal opportunity, very few programs achieve this goal. It is possible that the real goal of educational reform is…

Ascher, Gordon

139

Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

140

Alternative Approaches on Society, State, Educational Reform, and Educational Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The main goal of this chapter is to describe and examine critically five issues that have been historically approached in\\u000a a different way by critical theorists and functionalist researchers: (a) the role of education and state in modern societies;\\u000a (b) the nature and goals of educational reforms and its rhetoric; (c) the reasons that would explain why some reforms become

Oscar Espinoza

141

Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education

Pemberton, Janette E.

142

Teacher Learning: The Key to Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This letter to the next president of the United States recommends the transformation of teacher in-service learning as a powerful means of education reform. Too often, professional development is perceived by teachers as being idiosyncratic and irrelevant. The authors recommend a reconceptualization of professional learning for practicing…

Lieberman, Ann; Pointer Mace, Desiree H.

2008-01-01

143

Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform. Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the appendices included in the "Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform" report. Appended are: (1) Federal Data Requirements; (2) Maryland State Law Requiring Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support Program when suspension rates exceed a certain level; (3) The Act's provisions focused on training and development…

Losen, Daniel J.

2011-01-01

144

Issues to Study in Rural Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Warns that agriculture is the foundation of the national economy and that economic development depends on the scientific and technological skills of the peasants. Stresses that China must avoid concentration on urban education only. Identifies teacher preparation as the key factor in reform and urges scientific research support. (NL)

Zhang, Jian

1990-01-01

145

Secondary Education Environmental Education Curricula  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the Northwest Center for Sustainable Resources (NCSR) provides a list of environmental education curricula. Topics include acid rain, aquatics, endangered species, renewable energy, general environmental education and other related issues.

2011-06-07

146

Brazil: Secondary Education Profile. A Summary of "Secondary Education: Time to Move Forward." Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a brief profile of the state of secondary education in Brazil. An overview of the organizational structure, objectives, curricular offerings, system size, and governance structure of secondary education is provided. Issues relating to the quality, equity, management, and financing of the system are discussed, and promising…

Larach, Linda

147

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

148

The Heart of the Matter: Teacher Educators and Teacher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…

Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.

149

International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 4, Educational Reform in International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|National educational reform must be interpreted from a broader sociopolitical vantage point. Following the introduction, "The Change Process and Educational Reform" by Val D. Rust, the four papers in part 1 are devoted primarily to conceptual issues related to educational reform. They include: (1) "Problems of Educational Reforms in a Changing…

Rust, Val D., Ed.; Yogev, Abraham, Ed.

150

Higher education reform in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the crisis in Romanian universities since the country's political transition in 1989, and describes the government's strategy for revitalizing the higher education system. Attention is drawn to the expansion of access to higher education, the dramatic increase of enrollments in social science fields, the spontaneous establishment of private higher education institutions, and to the many difficulties institutions

Thomas Owen Eisemon; Ioan Mihailescu; Lazar Vlasceanu; Catalin Zamfir; John Sheehan; Charles H. Davis

1995-01-01

151

Education Reform as it Relates to Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four decades of educational reform efforts from the nineteen sixties have not significantly improved our schools. It is believed that in the equation of educational reform, leadership and power in educational reform have mitigated against educational reform through the misapplicaiton of examination and accountability. A major subset of the field on public administration is accountability. Accountability is widely used in government although the concept is loosely defined. Most often it is used to express public frustration, to call for control, and to transmit a range of political agendas. Any accountability framework originates from the American model of shared powers between independent governmental bodies. It allows for institutions to depend on and accommodate other institutions. Accountability assumes that individuals or agencies may hold accountable for their performance. This assumes that there is a unidirectional flow of power and influence between a controlling partner and a controlled partner. This assumption is false. Individual administrators are exposed to the authority and persuasion within a democratic framework. Educators are also confronted with control mechanisms that are rooted in the organizational and professional standards and disciplinary standards regardless of whether any democratic controls are evoked. Accountability relationships have the potential to become quite complicated. Performance evaluation is significant to every accountability relationship. In the public sector, the citizens hold government accountable and the idea of performance evaluation is relative at best, however, in education the use of examination for accountability allows for the misapplication of the exam and affects education reform in negative ways.

Elliott, R. J.

2005-05-01

152

Special education and education reform in Mexico: providing quality education to a diverse student population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the reform of basic education in Mexico and the restructuring of special education services that is occurring within the context of that reform. Recent developments in the transformation of educational services for diverse populations are identified and discussed. The activities of the General Directorate of Special Education of the Public Education Secretariat in the Federal District of

Eliseo Guajardo Ramos; Todd V. Fletcher

1998-01-01

153

Educational Reform. The Claremont Letter. Volume 1, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Everybody knows what happened to educational reform in the Los Angeles Unified School District. As former mayor Richard Riordan once told the author, "That's simple; LEARN failed." Indeed, the Los Angeles Educational Alliance for Reform Now, which in the 1990s created a massive civic reform coalition, fell far short of building a district of…

Kerchner, Charles

2005-01-01

154

Systemic Reform: Defining Education in the '90s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on systemic reform with regard to standards and equity. Emphasizes the places of technology and curriculum in this reform. Concludes that bringing together different players in the educational system to help change practice and support new educational goals is a common goal of many reform efforts. (ASK)

Wasser, Judith Davidson

1998-01-01

155

Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform, Rotberg brings together examples of current education reforms in sixteen countries, written by "insiders". This book goes beyond myths and stereotypes and describes the difficult trade-offs countries make as they attempt to implement reforms in the context of societal and global…

Rotberg, Iris C., Ed.

2004-01-01

156

Organizational and Individual Responses to Educational Reforms in Alberta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Alberta's (Canada) recent educational reforms exhibit the characteristic elements of new public management (NPM), an international government reform trend that has emerged and grown over the past two decades. This paper describes a study undertaken to explore the impacts of the educational reforms on schools, including the behavior of school…

Evans, Judith Ellen

157

Crafting an Education Reform Agenda through Economic Stimulus Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The economic stimulus enacted during President Obama's initial weeks included a down payment on his ambitious education reform agenda. By combining short-term policy with reform, the strategy gained his administration three advantages: a discretionary funding source with little Congressional scrutiny; flexibility in pursuing education reform

McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Weatherford, M. Stephen

2011-01-01

158

Computers in Swiss Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the current state of secondary school computer literacy instruction in the Swiss canton of Vaud and the activities of a nationwide coordinating group concerned with the use of computers in Swiss secondary education. Information is presented on the requirements for instituting computer literacy instruction in Vaud, the types…

Bron, Alain

159

Restructuring Secondary Education in the Netherlands: Between Control and Autonomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes the effects of senior secondary-education reform in The Netherlands and the effects that these changes have exerted on teachers. It focuses on the way that changes, such as profiles, new exam programs, and alterations in "study house," interacted with and influenced teachers' tasks. The paper provides an overview of the…

Veugelers, Wiel; Zijlstra, Henk

160

Engaging Stakeholders in Productive Meetings to Reform Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents suggestions for leaders in science education to assist in developing effective stakeholder groups contributing to the reform in science education. In this political climate initiatives to reform science teacher education and science education for students K-16 are expected to involve stakeholders from a variety of sectors in…

Spector, Barbara; Greely, Teresa; Kingsley, Gordon

2004-01-01

161

Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured…

Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

2012-01-01

162

Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators

Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

2009-01-01

163

Education, Neoliberalism and the Consumer Citizen: After the Golden Age of Egalitarian Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I attempt to explore the implications for education policy arising from aspects of Third Way political thought and its troubled relation to neoliberalism. In particular, the implications for equality arising from Third Way reforms to secondary education are considered. The limits of contestation that mark out the centre ground of UK…

Doherty, Robert A.

2007-01-01

164

The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

Vavrus, Frances

2009-01-01

165

Understanding teachers’ will and capacity to accomplish physical education curriculum reform: the implications for teacher development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the receptivity of physical education teachers to curriculum reform and their capacity to accomplish the proposed changes. A sample of 145 secondary physical educators with different years of teaching experience was recruited to participate in this study on a voluntary basis. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, teachers’ responses were surveyed using

Amy S. Ha; Ada C. Wong; Raymond K. Sum; Daniel W. Chan

2008-01-01

166

The impact of educational reform and categorization of scientific journals and scientists on physics in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The trend of the increasing participation and importance of female physicists in Serbia continues. Many women have taken leading position in research and faculty governance and are contributing significantly to educational reform and the improvement of physics education in the primary and secondary schools.

Boži?, Mirjana; Davidovi?, Milena; Kapor, Agneš; Kneževi?, Dragica; Pavkov-Hrvojevi?, Milica; Pua?, Nevena; Savi?, Ilija; Stojanovi?, Maja; Markovi?-Topalovi?, Tatjana

2013-03-01

167

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

168

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

169

Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation…

Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

170

[Secondary Career Education Activities: English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

171

Economic Evaluation of Education: A Critical Analysis in the Context of Applications to Educational Reform in El Salvador.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several evaluations of a major national reform of secondary schools in El Salvador emphasizing the adoption of an intensive educational television system were previously undertaken. They are used here to illustrate key issues and problems in the economics of education and their implications for future research and policymaking. (BW)

Klees, Steven J.; Wells, Stuart J.

1983-01-01

172

Higher Education Reform in Romania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the crisis in Romanian universities since the country's political transition in 1989. Describes the government's strategy for revitalizing the higher education system. Focuses on the proliferation of new public and private universities, the increase of student enrollments in applied social science fields, and the problems of diminishing…

Eisemon, Thomas Owen; Mihailescu, Ioan; Vlasceanu, Lazar; Zamfir, Catalin; Sheehan, John; Davis, Charles H.

1999-01-01

173

Educational Choice: A Catalyst for School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comprehensive educational choice, implemented by a voucher system, would improve the quality of education of Chicago's elementary and secondary students and empower parents to choose the public or private school that would best serve their children's special needs. Enrollment in the Chicago Public Schools has decreased by 29 percent since 1971,…

Marciniak, Edward

174

Educational Partnership and the Dilemmas of School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author proposes a new model called "educational partnership" as an alternative framework for educational reform. In this approach, education is seen as a responsibility shared by the home, school, and community. (MD)

Seeley, David S.

1984-01-01

175

The Reform of the Inservice Teacher Education System in Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Poland is in the midst of sweeping educational reform, including reform of inservice teacher education. The system is abandoning totalitarianism for democracy. Most Polish teachers are specialized in only one subject, and there are surpluses of teachers in some subjects, so inservice education is focusing on helping teachers change specialties.…

Zawadoska, Janina

1995-01-01

176

A Critical-Ecological Perspective on Conservative Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article makes a case for foundational studies within the teacher education curriculum, presents an overview of neoconservative education reforms, discusses how these reforms reveal a dominant form of rationality characteristic of our time and how this rationality influences teacher education, and introduces an ecological metaphor as a…

Carbone, Michael J.

1990-01-01

177

Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an "Asian" Way?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main…

Hallinger, Philip

2010-01-01

178

Lessons to be Learned from World-wide Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter identifies common patterns which should be taken into account in all education reforms. The quote from Deborah Meier captures a feeling that all the writers of this book share from a wide field of experience and study of education reform in Europe, Asia, America, Africa and at many levels of education. These experiences and insights have been gained

Phillip Hughes

179

Higher Education Reform in Russia: Democratization or Bureaucratization?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent reforms have increased the level of administrative oversight, and also of interference of the structure and content of university education in Russia. This is leading to a weakening of Russian higher education. In this article, the author talks about the reform of the system of higher education in Russia and the bureaucratization of higher…

Panfilova, T. V.

2011-01-01

180

The New Zealand State and Educational Reforms: 'Competing' Interests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways in which the shape of New Zealand's educational system crucially affected the implementation process of market oriented educational reforms are examined in this paper. The first part discusses educational reform in New Zealand as political management. The Labour government's program from 1987 to 1990 was designed to reduce the size and scope…

Gordon, Liz

181

Ten Years On: How Schools View Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the findings of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research's 1999 national survey, in its series looking at the impact of educational reform on primary and intermediate schools. In 1989 reforms were enacted that abolished the Department of Education and began elections for boards of trustees who took responsibility for…

Wylie, Cathy

182

Citizenship Education and Current Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the character of citizenship education in Canada as it is represented in the official policy documents of the provinces and territories, as opposed to the actual classroom practice of the curriculum-in-use. We consider policies in light of a typology of citizenship ranging from elitist to activist, and identify common as well as particular features of citizenship education.

Alan M. Sears; Andrew S. Hughes

1996-01-01

183

Special education: does it help? A study of special education in Norwegian upper secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1994 a comprehensive reform of upper secondary education was introduced in Norway, giving all 16-year-olds—including SEN students—a statutory right to enter upper secondary. In a longitudinal study following a representative group of SEN students through upper secondary from 1994 until 1999, the main findings were: (1) SEN students in special classes appear to achieve a lower level of success—measured

Eifred Markussen

2004-01-01

184

Ghetto Schooling: A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is based on a study of a 4-year reform effort in the Newark (New Jersey) public schools. The discussion focuses on an elementary school as it attempted reform in an effort that was ultimately unsuccessful. Part I opens the discussion of the effects of social class and race on educational reform. To see why inner city schools have not…

Anyon, Jean

185

The potential benefits of teacher efficacy doubts for educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the benefits that specific teacher efficacy doubts can have for educational reforms, especially for progressive, meaning-centered reforms. Teachers’ efficacy doubts may support reform in several ways, perhaps most significantly by supporting teacher learning. Similar benefits can be expected for specific teacher doubts regarding collective teacher efficacy. The important role of efficacy doubts in progressive, meaning-centered teaching is

Karl F Wheatley

2002-01-01

186

Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in…

Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

2011-01-01

187

Rhetoric, Distortions, and Responsibility: Illusion and Reality in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The process of education reform takes place in a highly politicized environment. Language plays an important part in the characterization of the reform, and the words used connect the reform to higher ideals, usually extensive to the local environment but signifying some opportunity for progress. The language is frequently decoupled from the…

Korotkova, Maria; Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.

2010-01-01

188

Ghetto Schooling: A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is based on a study of a 4-year reform effort in the Newark (New Jersey) public schools. The discussion focuses on an elementary school as it attempted reform in an effort that was ultimately unsuccessful. Part I opens the discussion of the effects of social class and race on educational reform. To see why inner city schools have not…

Anyon, Jean

189

Studies of Education Reform: Systemic Reform. Volume 1. Findings and Conclusions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The reform of education has been a major focus of policymakers at the local, state and federal levels since the publication in 1983 of A Nation at Risk. Reform efforts have targeted all stages of education, from pre-school to school-to-work transition, an...

M. E. Goertz R. E. Floden J. O'Day

1995-01-01

190

The Ozone Project. Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document describes the development of theme-based projects within a European co-operative environmental education framework at the secondary school level. The participation of 15 students from 9 different European countries in one such project is described. Students are involved with the publication of articles based on firsthand…

Saugier, Philippe

191

Changing Secondary School Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that many secondary school physical education programs fail to achieve their objectives. A disturbing number of students report associating required attendance with strong negative feelings about the class, physical activity, and themselves. Teachers report that workplace conditions do not allow any serious effort to provide instruction. The nature of these problems is such that neither improving instruction nor

Lawrence F. Locke

1992-01-01

192

Physical Fitness in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The secondary curriculum provides the student a transitional period between childhood and adulthood. Physical fitness objectives at this level should enhance dynamic health through physical activity for all individuals rather than for elite performers only. Suggestions are offered to help physical educators accomplish fitness goals. (DF)

Franks, B. Don

1984-01-01

193

Selected Bibliography and Abstracts of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 7, Number 2, 1973. Period Covered April-June 1973.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Adult education; Art education; Childhood education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education planning; Education reforms; Elementary and secondary education; Exami...

1973-01-01

194

Exploring teachers' professional development and change through physical education curriculum reform and the Sport Education model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, many educational reforms have been put into practice to address deficiencies in the US educational system. These reforms have had mixed results – some have helped students; others have been ineffective (Fullan, 2001, 2007). Physical education programs have also been the target of reform. This has been particularly true in the last decade with the

Boung Jin Kang

2010-01-01

195

Putting Students at the Centre in Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education reform cannot succeed and should not proceedwithout much more direct involvement of students inall its aspects. This paper develops a set ofarguments for a sustained and meaningful role forstudents in defining, shaping, managing andimplementing reform, and outlines some ways in whichsuch involvement might occur. The arguments are bothorganizational and educational in nature, as are theproposed strategies for increasing the

Benjamin Levin

2000-01-01

196

Education System Reform in China after 1978: Some Practical Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to provide an overview of education system reform in China since 1978, and its practical implications. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from literature review and interview. An overview of education system reform and its practical implications was found through data analysis. Findings: There has been two…

Sun, Miantao

2010-01-01

197

Rethinking the Role of Leadership in General Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

: This article addresses the importance of leadership in general education reform, using three case studies. We argue that campus leadership that fosters collaboration, trust, and a sense of stewardship among constituents is more likely to be successful in the challenging task of substantially reforming general education curricula.

Susan Gano-Phillips; Nancy D. Mitchell; Robert W. Barnett; Joan Hawthorne; Jessica Jonson; Anne Kelsch

2011-01-01

198

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

199

Law & School Reform: Six Strategies for Promoting Educational Equity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the growing involvement of lawyers in America's public schools in the past half century. It discusses comparatively what leading educators and lawyers believe to be the most important law-driven school reforms and examines these reform efforts from the perspectives of law, education, research, and practice. It also considers…

Heubert, Jay P., Ed.

200

Education Reform in Rural Appalachia, 1982-1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 13 states in the Appalachian region have been leaders in implementing education improvement programs, as the education reform movement has swept the nation. Interviews with state and local officials elicited the following responses. Implementation of ...

1988-01-01

201

Some Thoughts on Educational Reform and Renewal--Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates free individual or parental choice about schooling, as well as increased attention to education's role in determining individual attitudes and philosophy, as the keystones of educational reform. (SK)

Watt, Dale G.

1983-01-01

202

The Transformation, Reform, and Prospect of Distance Education in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taiwanese government has emphasized education reform in the past few decades and has focused particularly on distance education. Several legislative initiatives involving distance education have recently implemented new policies governing distance education. These new policies are in opposition to the results of research accomplished in foreign countries regarding distance education and underscore an urgent need to examine the feelings and

Chih-Hsiung Tu; Hui-Ling Twu

203

Schools as Places for Teachers To Learn? Opportunities for Professional Development in Dutch Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a study of Dutch secondary education reform, describing the background, noting implications for teacher learning, and arguing that learning supports professional development and derives from performance of activities that help teachers develop professionally. Based on a literature study, a conceptual model was developed in…

Kwakman, Kitty

204

Civic Education in the Czech Republic: Curriculum Reform for Democratic Citizenship. Evaluator's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluates a project undertaken in the Czech Republic to create lesson scenarios to revise the existing social studies curricular framework for the third form of secondary school (ages 17-18) with special reference to the overarching objectives for civic education reform started in 1989. These objectives included the elimination of…

Torney-Purta, Judith

205

Special Education in an Era of School Reform: Building the Capacity for Standards-Based Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a series on contemporary school reform and special education, this report discusses how states are building capacity for standards-based reform. An introduction describes seven key areas in which states must build classroom and organizational level capacities, including: (1) teachers' knowledge, skills, and dispositions; (2) students'…

Massell, Diane

206

The Process of Developing a New Curriculum for Lower Secondary Education in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this article is to present the way in which a proposal was put forward for a national basic curriculum for the lower level of secondary education in Guatemala, within a general curricular reform of the education system. In this process, the International Bureau of Education and UNESCO's national office in the country provided…

Asturias de Barrios, Linda; Arellano, Veronica Merida

2007-01-01

207

The Process of Developing a New Curriculum for Lower Secondary Education in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The intention of this article is to present the way in which a proposal was put forward for a national basic curriculum for the lower level of secondary education in Guatemala, within a general curricular reform of the education system. In this process, the International Bureau of Education and UNESCO's national office in the country provided…

Asturias de Barrios, Linda; Arellano, Veronica Merida

2007-01-01

208

Educational reform, inequality and the structure of higher education in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon recent neo?Weberian sociology of

Rob Strathdee

2011-01-01

209

Educational Reform, Inequality and the Structure of Higher Education in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon…

Strathdee, Rob

2011-01-01

210

Special Education: Does It Fit with Standards-Based Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue focuses on how special education fits into standards-based reform and contains the following featured articles: (1) A New Vision for Special Education Accountability (Martha L. Thurlow and Jane L. Krentz) charts the change in special education accountability as it moves from the old focus on Individualized Education Program teams; (2)…

Kysilko, David, Ed.

2001-01-01

211

Voicing Concerns: Sociological Perspectives on Contemporary Education Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 11 papers in this book address, from a sociological perspective, a variety of contemporary educational reform issues in Great Britain. The papers examine the direction and role of sociological research in education. Sociology education has an important role to play in raising questions about the British educational system and its premises. The…

Arnot, Madeleine, Ed.; Barton, Len, Ed.

212

Litigation: A Necessary Tool for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cites the benefits and dismisses several criticisms of school reform litigation, noting that recourse to the courts can be necessary but urging the development of alternative methods for encouraging action on needed reforms. (PGD)

Roos, Peter D.

1983-01-01

213

Community Organizing as an Education Reform Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community organizing for school reform offers an urgently needed alternative to traditional approaches to school change. Many current reforms fail to thrive due to lack of trust, understanding, or cultural relevance to the community being targeted. The high turnover of reformers (superintendents, principals, or outside organizations) in high-need…

Renee, Michelle; McAlister, Sara

2011-01-01

214

Higher Education & School Reform. Jossey-Bass Education Series. Jossey-Bass Higher Education and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the critical relationship between higher education institutions and K-12 schools, including an examination of higher education's role in implementing systemic school reform. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction: Higher Education and School Reform--A Missing Voice" (P. Michael Timpane and Lori S. White);…

Timpane, P. Michael, Ed.; White, Lori S., Ed.

215

The Uncertain Character of Recent Educational Reform in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines the main education reforms that have taken place in Greece from the 1960s until the present. The author discusses how the direction of these reforms has been influenced not only by "global" pressures for "modernization" but also by the distinctive socio-cultural Greek context. The conclusion stresses that despite the various…

Traianou, Anna

2009-01-01

216

Who's Who in a Growing Education Reform Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform advocacy organizations have been working at the state-level for more than twenty-five years, but the last decade has seen a significant increase in their number and in the intensity of their focus and methods. It's no coincidence that as reform organizations proliferate the movement accelerates: the mission of such organizations…

Policy Innovators in Education Network, 2012

2012-01-01

217

Educational Reform or National Survival: Take Your Pick.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the Holmes and Carnegie reports that call for educational reforms in the teaching profession, this paper argues that the financial support for these future reforms will be diverted to fund the research to combat the emerging national crises that ultimately will threaten national security. Describing the emerging crises in this paper…

Seiter, Carl

218

A Complexity Theory Analysis of Educational Reform in Benin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benin is breaking new ground through a profound reform of its primary school system. The innovation in the system is the revolutionary approach as regards educational practice. The main focus has shifted, in the objectives of the curriculum, from what to teach to whom to empower. This paper analyzes the Reforme de l'ecole de qualite fondamentale…

David-Gnahoui, Emmanuel

219

The History of Reform in Russian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reform of higher education became the subject of sharp debate and public concern in Russia during the current decade. The controversy still exists even if the reforms had been initiated in the early 1990s. By the mid-1990s, their most painful aspects had already become manifest: severe cuts in state funding; deteriorating working conditions…

Kaplan, Vera

2007-01-01

220

Improving Finance for Qatari Education Reform. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qatar's education reform, which included implementation of a new finance system, appears to be providing schools with adequate funding but is still struggling with issues of transparency and swift policy shifts that have been difficult to accommodate. [For full report, "Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar", see ED504832.]|

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2009-01-01

221

Measuring the Success of Education Reform in Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes some studies designed to measure the effectiveness of reforms brought about by the Kentucky Educational Reform Act and the changes resulting from the implementation of the current assessment system, the Commonwealth Accountability Testing System (CATS). Results of one study indicate that the use of the writing portfolio did…

Sultana, Qaisar

222

Cuba: Economic Change and Education Reform, 1955-1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reviews the nature of the extensive educational reforms that have taken place in Cuba since the revolution, and explores their causes and consequences. Lessons are drawn for developing countires, both socialist and capitalist. The study is part ...

M. Carnoy J. Wertheim

1979-01-01

223

Partnership Conference Seeks to Shape New Relationships in Education Reform  

NSF Publications Database

... 96-035Partnership Conference Seeks to Shape New Relationships in Education Reform June 17, 1996 ... of new ideas and awareness of what works, and what doesn't, for each community. Nationwide, many new ...

224

PERCEPTIONS OF GEORGIA ELEMENTARY PRINCIPALS IN RELATION TO EDUCATION REFORM AND THE A+ EDUCATION REFORM ACT OF 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the study, the researcher investigated the role perceptions of Georgia elementary school principals after the implementation of A+ Education Reform Act of 2000. Principals are being held accountable for making significant changes within their schools. The reform movement may make the principal's job more demanding since new responsibilities have been added and few or none have been taken away.

DORIS ELIZABETH; CANDLER NEWTON

2000-01-01

225

Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

226

Education and the community in the Peruvian educational reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reform of Peruvian education initiated in 1972 was based on new concepts, postulated new policies and proposed to convert the old school system into a new educational system in accordance with the revolutionary process begun in 1968. The principles of permanent education, education in the community and the educating community inspired an ambitious educational model on a national scale, to organise community education nuclei (NECs) of a local dimension, in which a dynamic social education of a participatory and self-managerial character could be created. This process of nuclearisation, which has historical antecedents going back to the social, economic and political organisation of the Incan Empire, and was revived in the twentieth century by the creation of the famous Warisata School in Bolivia, has now undergone nine years of valuable experience in Peru, attempting to develop an efficient alternative to the old school model which originated before the Christian era. The community/education dialectic has suffered a profound change in Peru in the last ten years and the experience, whether of obstacles and limitations, appears to be valuable and irreversible. The non-statist, non-bureaucratic, non-party and non-private solution that was pursued by the Peruvian Revolution in the field of education is very attractive and could interest other countries of the region which, during the last 30 years have applied the nuclearisation model, as well as other countries in Latin America or other regions who have recently either initiated or considered it. This article presents the experience, relates it to its historical antecedents, gives some information on evaluation studies in progress and traces some perspectives or projections for educational nuclearisation.

Malpica, Carlos

1980-09-01

227

Adult Jewish Education and Participation among Reform Jewish Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history of adult Jewish education is rich and is replete with learning opportunities for Jewish adults, and Jewish women are active participants in adult Jewish education. In this chapter, the author examines Reform Jewish women's motivations to participate in adult Jewish education. First, she provides a historical overview of Judaism and…

Mareschal, Teresa L.

2012-01-01

228

Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book addresses the need for higher education to create a community of critical thinkers. It suggests that contemporary curricular reform is already producing citizens of the world as it advocates diversity and multicultural education. The central argument is a defense of the "new education," and is rooted in the ideal of the citizen who…

Nussbaum, Martha C.

229

Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

New, William

2012-01-01

230

Reforming Education: The Emerging Systemic Approach. Fourteenth Annual Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, the 14th yearbook of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), provides a review and appraisal of the "educational perestroika" that has occurred over the past decade, both in the United States and in other developed countries. Rather than assessing the outcomes of a decade of educational reform, it examines the present and…

Jacobson, Stephen L.; Berne, Robert

231

Reforming Education: The Emerging Systemic Approach. Fourteenth Annual Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, the 14th yearbook of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), provides a review and appraisal of the "educational perestroika" that has occurred over the past decade, both in the United States and in other developed countries. Rather than assessing the outcomes of a decade of educational reform, it examines the present and…

Jacobson, Stephen L.; Berne, Robert

232

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

1991-01-01

233

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

1991-01-01

234

Jordan Reforms Public Education to Compete in a Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The King of Jordan's vision for education is resulting in innovative projects for the country. King Abdullah II wants Jordan to develop its human resources through public education to equip the workforce with skills for the future. From King Abdullah II's vision, the Education Reform for a Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) project implemented by the…

Erickson, Paul W.

2009-01-01

235

Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

I-ru, Chen Dorothy

2012-01-01

236

Negotiating for Change: Women's Movements and Education Reform in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dramatic changes during the past 20 years in Taiwan offer a good example of how gender policy in education is facilitated by a combination of interrelated economic, political and social forces. Taiwan's policy on gender education emerged from the interaction of state, education, academic and non-academic feminist positions in reforms. This…

Lee, Shu-Ching

2011-01-01

237

Corporate Education Reform and the Rise of State Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The election of Barack Obama appeared to signal a shift in U.S. policy toward the Left, particularly since Obama has been framed as a "socialist," but the education discourse and policy pursued under Obama and voiced by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has shown that education reform remains in the midst of a powerful corporate model. This…

Thomas, P. L.

2013-01-01

238

The Rhetoric of Policy Formation in Cordoba Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to explore education policies formation during two administrations (1983-1998) in the province of Cordoba, Argentina through the comparison of policy documents. The profound connections of the social, cultural, economic, and educational processes impact of Argentina's educational reforms during the last two decades of…

Olmos, Liliana Esther

2009-01-01

239

Teacher Perceptions of Bologna Reforms in Armenian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The perceptions of the implementation of the Bologna reforms in Armenian higher education were examined in a questionnaire study with 279 university teachers, revealing how eight leading higher education institutions have adapted to the political directive to create alignment with the Bologna principles. The literature on educational change is…

Karakhanyan, Susanna; Van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo

2012-01-01

240

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NCES has just released this major publication. Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective, "presents information on the U.S. elementary and secondary education system in an international context," offering comparisons of student and classroom characteristics, student achievement, educational resources and expenditures, labor markets, and other outcomes.

241

Reform in Medical Education and Medical Education in the Ambulatory Setting: Scholar in Residence Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1991 Scholar In Residence Report is a compilation of formal presentations made at two meetings of the Council on Graduate Medical Education which focused on the following topics: Reform in Medical Education and Medical Education in the Ambulatory Sett...

D. L. Harris

1991-01-01

242

Graduate medical education in the era of health care reform.  

PubMed

Medicare is the primary source of funding for graduate medical education (GME) in the United States. The growing deficit, a sluggish economy, and rising health care costs have focused attention on cutting spending, and GME reimbursement from Medicare is being considered among the entitlement programs for spending reduction. At the same time, health care reform will place new demands on residency training. The authors review the history of GME financing, the potential impact of GME spending cuts and health care reform on radiology training, and the new skills residents will need to practice in the era of health reform. As health care financing evolves, so must resident education. PMID:23664964

Ward, Robert C; Mainiero, Martha B

2013-05-10

243

"The Immigration Problem" and European Education Reforms: From the Education of Migrants' Children to Intercultural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the continuities and discontinuities within the European discourse of education reforms and immigrants, starting with the "education of migrants' children" to the promotion of "intercultural education" as a means of integrating the immigrant student. This analysis explores the ways in which a process of abjection is engaged…

Kowalczyk, Jamie

2011-01-01

244

Education Reform Support: A Framework for Scaling Up School Reform. Policy Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bureau for Africa of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been examining in detail the question of how best to support and sustain sectorwide education reform in Africa. The USAID and Education Commission of the States jointly sponsored a seminar in October 1996 to examine the issue of "scaling up" and to bring…

Healey, F. Henry; DeStefano, Joseph

245

A Way Forward: A Progressive Vision for Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Congress has the opportunity to move forward on education reform by reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, to ensure all children achieve their greatest potential. Unfortunately, it has yet to find the will to do so, to the detriment of American students and schools. ESEA is the largest and most significant federal…

Ayers, Jeremy; Brown, Cynthia

2011-01-01

246

A healthy sorting machine? Social inequality in the transition to upper secondary education in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The German secondary education system is highly stratified. However, the higher tracks have expanded vastly over the last decades, leading to substantial changes in the distribution of students across the different tracks. Following the German re?unification, the school structure itself has also changed to some degree. Furthermore, several smaller education reforms have increased the flexibility of moving between different tracks.

Silke L. Schneider; Nicole Tieben

2011-01-01

247

Condition of America's Schools and Colleges. Hearing Examining Whether the Nation Is Meeting Its Education Goals and To Review Proposals To Reauthorize the Higher Education Act, Focusing on Problems and Reforms in Elementary and Secondary Education, Strengths and Weaknesses of Higher Education, and Access to Student Federal Aid Programs, before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a transcription of the speeches and written statements presented at a Senate hearing concerning the state of crisis within American education. The hearing examines whether the nation is meeting its education goals and reviews proposals to reauthorize the Higher Education Act. It focuses on problems and reforms in elementary…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

248

Reforming the Governance of Higher Education in Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Vietnam’s aspirations over recent years concerning modernisation of the governance of its higher education system have been\\u000a constrained by the fact that the system remains very much under the influence of a Soviet model of higher education. Recently,\\u000a however, in the Higher Education Reform Agenda (HERA), Vietnam’s master plan for higher education up to the year 2020, the\\u000a government has

Dao Van Khanh; Martin Hayden

249

Litigation, School Finance Reform, and Aggregate Educational Spending  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past two decades, litigation in many U.S. stateshas triggered educational reform movements designed to reducethe inequalities in educational expenditures across school districts.This paper uses a panel data set across all the states from 1970–1990to examine the role of litigation and educational finance reformin determining the level of education funding in a flexible,dynamic setting. An important finding of our

Robert L. Manwaring; Steven M. Sheffrin

1997-01-01

250

The Rules Keep Changing: Special Education in a Reforming Education System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The character of special education is being subjected to critical review in most countries. This scrutiny should take account of the impact on special education of reforms in education more generally, Equally, all education policy makers and school personnel should ensure that the interests of students with special educational needs are taken into account. This article considers how special education

David R. Mitchell

1996-01-01

251

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

252

The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…

Tan, Charlene

2009-01-01

253

School Study Councils: Linchpins in the Educational Reform Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can education reform ever be achieved without some kind of catalyst to give the movement meaning and focus? The writer thinks not and suggests that study councils with the proper leadership from principals can bring diverse units at multiple levels in education together.

Paul V. Bredeson

1988-01-01

254

New Racism, Reformed Teacher Education, and the Same Ole' Oppression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds on a case study about how teacher education students may actually learn racism through their program. It employs an analysis of how new racism is operationalized in today's sociopolitical contexts. Field placements and knowledge taught about various groups are critiqued as major teacher education reform efforts that…

Cross, Beverly E.

2005-01-01

255

Built for Teachers: How the "Blueprint for Reform" Empowers Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Secretary of Education, Anne Duncan, has met with thousands of teachers and heard their fears and concerns. Teachers are asking: Are these reforms the Next Big Thing, here today but gone tomorrow? Will they focus on testing in a way that further narrows the curriculum and denies students the great education that we seek to bring? Could we lose…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

256

Myth, Reality, and Reform: Higher Education Policy in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to make sense of the dynamics in higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean, examining institutions, rules, incentives, and functions. The analysis of the diverse experience of higher education in Latin America is linked to suggestions for policy reform. In particular, the book addresses principal myths that…

Castro, Claudio de Moura; Levy, Daniel C.

257

Educational Partnership and the Dilemmas of School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's educational reform proposals are undermined by four dilemmas. First, the public may demand visible results before it will provide the funding needed to achieve them. Second, higher academic standards will increase failure rates, while more attainable standards will inadequately educate students. Third, the current focus on high schools may…

Seeley, David

258

New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

Solhaug, Trond

2011-01-01

259

Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

Conway, Paul F.

2013-01-01

260

Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several years ago I reported a survey (Hake 1998a,b,c) of pre\\/post test data for 62 introductory physics courses enrolling a total of 6542 students. The present article provides a summary of that survey and presents fourteen lessons from the physics-education reform effort that may assist the general upgrading of education and science literacy.

Richard R. Hake

2001-01-01

261

Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

262

Teacher Education in Bhutan: Highlights and Challenges for Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students…

VanBalkom, W. Duffie; Sherman, Ann

2010-01-01

263

Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

Conway, Paul F.

2013-01-01

264

Technology and Educational Reform: The Case of El Salvador.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform effort begun in 1968 in El Salvador is described in both English and Spanish. The first stage was aimed at alleviating the bottleneck in the school system at the junior high school level. Although the technology of instructional television was the most visible and highly publicized element of El Salvador's educational

Ingle, Henry T.

1974-01-01

265

Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

Roberts, Jay

2007-01-01

266

Practical inquiry: Collaboration and reflection in teacher education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

If teachers are to use collaboration and reflection in their own classrooms, it is important for them to experience it in university teacher education courses. To explore implications of recommendations in national reports on teacher education reform, a course was designed using practical inquiry to structure use of craft knowledge, collaboration and reflection. Forty one teachers of varied backgrounds participated.

Sigrin T. Newell

1996-01-01

267

Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called “eco-progressivism.” The intersections between ecology and education can help construct a distinct counternarrative of progressive

JAY ROBERTS

2007-01-01

268

The Reform of Higher Education: A College Instructor's Opinion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with a college instructor's opinion in the reform of higher education in Russia. The author discusses failures in the functioning of the system of higher education. First, the system fell into an "institutional trap," as characterized by Russian Academy of Sciences Academician V.M. Polterovich. Another was the new rules of…

Shpak, L. L.

2006-01-01

269

Research on Reform of Computer Elementary Education in University  

Microsoft Academic Search

CEEU (computer elementary education in university) is to develop students adapt to the new era, to master new technical means of education, whose main goal is to foster a high level, complex, multi-skilled and innovative professional talented persons. The current characteristics of CEEU are analyzed and the reform on modularization of teaching contents is realized. Also, the digital teaching system

Ming Xiao; Guang Hu

2010-01-01

270

Teacher education in Bhutan: highlights and challenges for reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students and teaching, the integration of theory and practice,

W. Duffie VanBalkom; Ann Sherman

2010-01-01

271

Reforming higher education systems: Some lessons to guide policy implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although higher education systems are in a constant state of change, they are difficult for governments to reform. This paper analyzes a wide variety of country experiences in establishing mechanisms to co-ordinate the development of higher education systems, diversifying institutional financing and increasing the efficiency of public investments. Attention is drawn to the need for effective policy structures to manage

Thomas Owen Eisemon; Lauritz Holm-Nielsen

1995-01-01

272

A Decade of Reform in Geographic Education: Inventory and Prospect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book emerged from a "Summit in Geographic Education" at Southwest Texas State University in San Marcos, Texas, May 1993. This volume is comprised mainly of the papers prepared for the Summit. The book is divided into four sections: (1) "A View from the Summit"; (2) "The Reform Movement in School Geography"; (3) "Higher Education's Role in…

Bednarz, Robert S., Ed.; Peterson, James F., Ed.

273

Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

2012-01-01

274

Implementing and Supporting Earth Science Curriculum Reform in Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the National Science Education Standards. The EarthComm (high school) and Investigating Earth Systems (middle school) curriculum programs were developed through funding from the National Science Foundation and corporate sponsors of the AGI Foundation, and published for the 2002-2003 schol year. The AGI is now actively involved in developing and refining systems for supporting the professional development of teachers who implement EarthComm and Investigating Earth Systems. The paper presentation will outline how AGI is supporting teachers through a combination of web-based programs, teacher workshops, and DVD and video materials.

Smith, M. J.

2003-12-01

275

Editorial. Introduction: Global and Local Dimensions of Reforms in Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This editorial introduces a theme issue on teacher-education reforms in the age of globalization, focusing on globalization and the transference of educational ideas and the economic imperative and teacher-education reforms. The editorial describes case studies that provide accounts of teacher-education reforms in Africa, South America, the Far…

Elliott, John

1999-01-01

276

The History of Secondary Education in History of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"History of Education" has published a steady stream of papers on the history of secondary education over the first 40 years of its existence. This corpus of research has been generated in the context of renewed interest in the history of secondary education that has been stimulated by developments in social and historical inquiry as well as by…

McCulloch, Gary

2012-01-01

277

Koki-chuto Kyoiku no kakuju-kyoka ni tsuite (On the Expansion and Adjustment of the Senior Stage of Secondary Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a report on secondary education by the Japanese Central Advisory Council on Education. In the light of global educational trends, the Council was unanimous in its opinion that Japanese secondary education needed reform. The fundamental problems in Japan are these: (1)…

Ministry of Education, Tokyo (Japan).

278

High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this…

Oh, Jeongran

2011-01-01

279

Increasing the Openness of Education as an Approach to Promoting Educational Reform and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the main content of the portion on "increasing the openness of China's education" in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") and the key issues studied and discussed in the formulation process. Issues such as promoting reform and…

Jinqiu, He

2012-01-01

280

Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: From Past to Present. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The chapters in this volume give an account of the process of modernisation and educational reform in Russia, variously considering the cultural and political dilemmas provoked by democratisation, the structural and policy challenges associated with the reform of higher and vocational education, and the deep divisions exposed as socio-cultural…

Johnson, David, Ed.

2010-01-01

281

Parent and Community Involvement in Education. Volume I: Findings and Conclusions. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genuine educational reform depends on developing relationships with the home, community groups, politicians, and the business community (Seeley, 1981). This volume is the first of three volumes that are products of a 3.5 year study of education reform, with a focus on the role of parent, family, and community involvement in the middle grades. The…

Rutherford, Barry; And Others

282

Parent and Community Involvement in Education. Volume II: Case Studies. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genuine educational reform depends on developing relationships with the home, community groups, politicians, and the business community (Seeley, 1981). This volume is the second of three reports that are products of a 3.5 year study of education reform, with a focus on the role of parent, family, and community involvement in the middle grades. The…

Rutherford, Barry; And Others

283

Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education reform based on technical and rational processes often short-circuits reform because it is uncontentious, abstract, and provides educators with no legitimate ways to question the marketplace values and policies that drive much contemporary school reform. The perspective referred to as "betterment" is an alternative reform that stresses…

Oakes, Jeannie; Quartz, Karen Hunter; Ryan, Steve; Lipton, Martin

284

AGRICULTURAL LITERACY OF MISSOURI SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The purpose,of this study was to assess secondary,educators' knowledge,of and attitude toward agriculture. The population consisted of teachers and administrators in 245 secondary schools in Missouri thatoffered an Agricultural Education program,as part of the curriculum. The sample consisted of 200 randomly selected schools and a cohort group of educators representing: administrators, agriculture teachers, language arts teachers, mathematics teachers, science

Clark Richard Harris; Robert J. Birkenholz

285

Educational Reform in Japan and Its Influence on Teachers' Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 2002 restructuring of the national curriculum in all Japanese public elementary and secondary schools includes a reduction and reallocation of instructional hours, and the addition of a new "integrated studies" course, with an emphasis on more individualized, cross-curricular thematic projects. This reform comes at a time when a stagnant…

Hooghart, Anne M.

2006-01-01

286

Educational reform in Japan and its influence on teachers’ work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2002 restructuring of the national curriculum in all Japanese public elementary and secondary schools includes a reduction and reallocation of instructional hours, and the addition of a new “integrated studies” course, with an emphasis on more individualized, cross-curricular thematic projects. This reform comes at a time when a stagnant economy puts increased pressure on a shrinking youth population and

Anne M. Hooghart

2006-01-01

287

Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

2012-01-01

288

Health Education for Special Children: Secondary TMR.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for trainable mentally handicapped children at the secondary level. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education

Brundage, Elvira; And Others

289

Values Education in American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper highlights trends in values education in public secondary schools, crucial issues in both religious and secular values education, and effective strategies for teaching values in formal and invisible curricula. A review of the history of values education in the public schools is accompanied by relevant research pertaining to the…

Titus, Dale N.

290

Ethical Citizenship and Post-Secondary Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This issue of the UFV Research Review examines the role that post-secondary education plays in fostering the values and practices of active and ethical citizenship. How are the values and processes critical to sustaining genuinely democratic civic and political communities 'taught' or 'learned' in institutions of higher education? Is educating good citizens facilitated or impaired by the forces at work

Sylvie Murray; Scott Fast

291

The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…

Polelo, Mompati Mino

2009-01-01

292

Education reform and subject matter knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article raises the question of what K-12 teachers need to know to teach mathematics and science well. It begins by examining reform proposals for K-12 science and mathematics teaching with an eye toward defining what good teaching practice consists of. It then examines a wide range of lit- erature to delineate the varieties of knowledge that have been associated

Mary M. Kennedy

1998-01-01

293

[Educational Reform and Discipline Policy Advertisement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The program description and the newspaper advertisement presented describe the efforts of the Santa Maria Joint Union High School District (California) to implement the reforms mandated in California's SB 813, especially in the area of discipline policy, and to keep the public informed of those efforts. The program description provides an…

Santa Maria Joint Union High School District, CA.

294

Comprehensive School Reform and Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

2008-01-01

295

The Impact of a Unified Curriculum and Qualifications System: The Higher Still Reform of Post-16 Education in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a cross-national trend towards unified curriculum and qualifications frameworks in upper secondary education, but such reforms face epistemological, political and institutional barriers and "unification" remains a contested issue in many countries, including England. This article examines the experience of the Scottish Higher Still…

Raffe, David; Howieson, Cathy; Tinklin, Teresa

2007-01-01

296

A Century of Educational Reform in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews three books on education in China: "Educational and Social Change in China: The Beginnings of the Modern Era" (Borthwick, 1983), "Education and Popular Literacy in Ch'ing China" (Rawski, 1979), and "Education under Mao: Class and Competition in Canton Schools, 1960-1980" (Unger, 1982). (JDH)|

Davis-Friedmann, Deborah

1986-01-01

297

Reformed undergraduate instruction and its subsequent impact on secondary school teaching practice and student achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT) Program is one of several reform efforts supported by the National Science Foundation. The primary ACEPT reform mechanism has been month-long summer workshops in which university and community college science and mathematics faculty learn about instructional reforms and then attempt to apply them in their courses. Previous ACEPT evaluation efforts suggest that, when implemented, the reforms boost undergraduate student achievement. The initial purpose of the present study was to discover whether enrollment of preservice teachers in one or more of these reformed undergraduate courses is linked to the way they teach after they graduate and become in-service teachers. Assuming that a link is found, a second purpose was to discover whether the presumed positive effect is in turn linked to their students' achievement. In short, the answer appears to be yes, at least among the biology teachers and students surveyed. Compared with controls, the biology teachers who had enrolled in one or more ACEPT reformed course during their teacher preparation program demonstrated significantly higher scores on the measure of reformed instruction and their students demonstrated significantly higher achievement in terms of scientific reasoning, nature of science, and biology concepts. These results support the hypothesis that teachers teach as they have been taught. Furthermore, it appears that instructional reform in teacher preparation programs including both methods and major's courses can improve secondary school student achievement.

Adamson, Scott L.; Banks, Debra; Burtch, Mark; Cox, Frank, III; Judson, Eugene; Turley, Jeffery B.; Benford, Russell; Lawson, Anton E.

2003-12-01

298

Enhancing the Public Provision of Education: The Economics of Education Reform in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that a comprehensive evaluation of education reform in particular in developing countries needs considering the triangle’ quality-quantity-equity of educational policies in the short, medium and long term in a broader context than the education system itself. There is no simple “recipe” for improving quality and internal and external efficiency in the public education system but some general

Rossana Patrón

2006-01-01

299

Systemic Reform in Mathematics and Science Education: An Urban Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of urban student performance in mathematics and science are reviewed in order to identify factors and processes that might improve student achievement. The first part of this review describes the urban context for education reform, beginning with a description of the demographic characteristics of urban students. The resource context is…

Clewell, Beatriz Chu; And Others

300

Higher Education Reform in India: Experience and Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of six essays and six case studies analyzes efforts at reform and the changes that have taken place in Indian higher education over the past four decades. The six essays describe several innovative and interesting programs and analyze key policy areas. After an introduction by Philip G. Altbach and Suma Chitnis, titles include: (1)…

Chitnis, Suma, Ed.; Altbach, Philip G., Ed.

301

The state, devolution and educational reform in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a theoretical analysis of the policies of devolution which have provided the corner?stone of recent educational reforms in New Zealand. Devolution is conceived of as a state strategy which had contradictory beginnings; these have been reflected in the policy implementation process. Two conceptions of the purpose of devolution are examined: the ‘market’ and the ‘community’. The case

Liz Gordon

1992-01-01

302

Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

Balch, Stephen H.

2007-01-01

303

balancing the readiness equation in early childhood education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

As policy-makers continue to implement early childhood education reforms that frame the field as a mechanism that is to ready children for elementary school success, questions arise as to how the multiple variables in the readiness equation, such as the child, family, and program, are affected by these policies. The instrumental case study presented in this article looks at this

Christopher P. Brown

2010-01-01

304

Rural elementary teachers' perceptions of science education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to gain insight into rural elementary teachers' perceptions about current elementary school science reform goals and their thinking about factors that might facilitate and constrain them in this rural setting. Perceived science educational needs of elementary school teachers and implications for professional development will also be discussed. This was a qualitative case study with

Christine Corby Crane

1998-01-01

305

Academic Management and Administration System Reform in Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reforms in colleges and universities should promote the humanistic character of higher education--rather than simply serve for pure economic production--but also observe the sacred mission of transmitting and creating culture and knowledge, with these two possessing momentous differences. These then demand rationality in academic management to…

Xianming, Xiang

2006-01-01

306

Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

2006-01-01

307

Inclusive Education Reform in Queensland: Implications for Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Queensland, Australia, the school system is being reformed to be more "inclusive". However, the enthusiasm for "inclusive education" in Queensland seems to be waning amongst practitioners, and the "confusion, frustration, guilt and exhaustion" that has emerged with teachers and support practitioners in the UK is emerging amongst support…

Bourke, Patricia E.

2010-01-01

308

Educational Reforms can Reproduce Societal Inequities: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although critical theorists in educational administration have recently contended that administrative practices play an important role in the reproduction of societal inequities, little research has been done to show how this actually occurs in schools. This article addresses that lack by reporting a case study illustrating how one school district's reform efforts replicate the unequal distribution of knowledge, power, and

James Joseph Scheurich; Michael Imber

1991-01-01

309

Inclusive education reform in Queensland: implications for policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Queensland, Australia, the school system is being reformed to be more ‘inclusive’. However, the enthusiasm for ‘inclusive education’ in Queensland seems to be waning amongst practitioners, and the ‘confusion, frustration, guilt and exhaustion’ that has emerged with teachers and support practitioners in the UK is emerging amongst support practitioners and teachers in Queensland. This paper argues that this is

Patricia E. Bourke

2010-01-01

310

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

311

Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

2006-01-01

312

Education Reform in Bolivia: Transitions towards Which Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article concerns the impact of educational reforms on young people in Bolivian society as they transition into adulthood, against the backdrop of globalisation and far-reaching structural changes. Ethnicity and cultural capital are linked in complex ways with social stratification in Bolivia. In a pluricultural society, the language of…

Arrueta, Jose Antonio; Avery, Helen

2012-01-01

313

America Y2K: The Obsolescence of Educational Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes the passing of the deadline for fulfillment of the national education goals in the United States, the beginning of the year 2000, and indicates that pressures on schools to solve social problems will continue to make school reform a politically opportune and very visible issue. (SLD)

Dorn, Sherman

2000-01-01

314

Continuing Challenges and Potential for Collaborative Approaches to Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Ford Foundation began the Collaborating for Education Reform Initiative (CERI) in 1997-1998 by issuing grants and providing grantees with funds, guidance, and technical assistance to develop collaboratives and carry out activities to improve teaching and learning. CERI's collaborative activities were directed at three possible community…

Bodilly, Susan J.; Karam, Rita; Orr, Nate

2011-01-01

315

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

316

The Discourse of Reform in Teacher Education: Extending the Dialogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to commentaries on an earlier essay, this paper suggests three points to extend the dialogue about teacher education reform, discussing the potential value of debates that marshal evidence for a particular policy position, the importance of open discussion about the ideologies underlying different positions, and cautions about the…

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn; Fries, Mary Kim

2002-01-01

317

Health Care Reform and Medical Education: Forces toward Generalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reforms will dramatically change the culture of medical schools in areas of patient care, research, and education programs. Academic medical centers must construct mutually beneficial partnerships that will position them to take advantage of the opportunities rather than leave them without the diversity of resources needed to make…

O'Neil, Edward H.; Seifer, Sarena D.

1995-01-01

318

Reformation of the Macedonian Teacher Education Programme, 1999-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper considers the theme of reform and change during the restructuring of the Macedonian Teacher Education programme at the University of Skopje, undertaken by a Tempus Phare project during 1999-2001. Background: The project was commissioned by the European Union following a report by Bethall (1997), a consultant on Teacher…

Clarkson, Jean

2005-01-01

319

Beginning Teachers and the Kentucky Education Reform Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted to investigate how beginning teachers perceived the adequacy of their preparation for implementing primary school programs' critical attributes as specified by the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA). Although 89 out of 100 teachers reported their training programs contained information about KERA, 57% stated that most of…

Atwood, Virginia A.; And Others

1996-01-01

320

Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

Datnow, Amanda

2012-01-01

321

Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

322

Education and Empire: Democratic Reform in the Arab World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democracy and related concepts--human rights, active learning, civic participation, gender empowerment, and global citizenship--have become the international policy mantras of the post-Cold War era, or what many have labeled a neoimperial order. These bedrock principles of global educational reforms are supposed to contribute to processes of…

Herrera, Linda

2008-01-01

323

Higher education in a vacuum: stress and reform in Ecuador  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecuador‘s higher education system mirrors that of other Latin American countries in its many internal and external stresses. It also provides an opportunity to view a reform process occurring in a vacuum of central government influence and authority, one whose direction is largely set by the universities in response to perceived stresses. Those stresses arise from the differentiation of the

Kenneth P. Jameson

1997-01-01

324

The Higher Education System in Macedonia: Overview, Reforms, and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The system of higher education in Macedonia is undergoing the largest reform process since the mid-1940s. The context is rather turbulent. Fourteen years after Macedonia's separation from the Yugoslav Federation, this small country now deals with an unstable political situation (the Kosovo question) and awaits an answer from Brussels (expected in…

Stojanov, Georgi; Angeloska-Galevska, Natasha

2006-01-01

325

Higher Education Reform in India: Experience and Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of six essays and six case studies analyzes efforts at reform and the changes that have taken place in Indian higher education over the past four decades. The six essays describe several innovative and interesting programs and analyze key policy areas. After an introduction by Philip G. Altbach and Suma Chitnis, titles include:…

Chitnis, Suma, Ed.; Altbach, Philip G., Ed.

326

Curriculum reform in baccalaureate nursing education: review of the literature.  

PubMed

The debate surrounding the need for reform in nursing education has been heard for well over a decade. Recently, deficiencies in the quality of patient care, as well as patient safety issues, have led to calls for change in health professions education by nursing organizations and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The rationale and scope of any proposed curricular revision or changes in teaching practices must be firmly grounded in a comprehensive review of the literature and based on current research findings. This article synthesizes the recent literature related to curriculum reform and innovation in nursing education. Four themes were identified in the literature: incorporating safety and quality in nursing education, re-designing conceptual frameworks, strategies to address content laden curricula, and teaching using alternative pedagogies. Synthesis of the recent literature in the field will assist faculty who are beginning the curriculum evaluation and revision process in their own schools. PMID:19725808

Forbes, Maryann O; Hickey, Mary T

2009-08-14

327

Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

Evans, Brenda

328

Systemic Reform: Good Educational Practice with Positive Impacts and Unresolved Problems and Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the National Science Foundation's systemic reform programming, including major accomplishments and barriers to systemic reform. The challenges of systemic reform and new directions for education reform are discussed. The focus in on the results and challenges of policies implemented by the systemic initiatives, namely the mandate for the alignment of standards, curriculum, instruction, and assessment with the

BERNICE TAYLOR ANDERSON; COSTELLO L. BROWN; JULIO LOPEZ-FERRAO

2003-01-01

329

Why educational reforms fail: A comparative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews a number of educational policy statements of East African countries ranging from combining education with production at the primary level, to the financing of higher education. An assessment is made of how successful the policies have been in achieving their original intention. The paper's conclusion is that policy outcomes are far from matching expectations, mainly because of

George Psacharopoulos

1989-01-01

330

Education Reforms in Cambodia: Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the key issues and concerns in the Cambodian government's efforts to implement three priority education policies for 2006-2010: ensure equitable access to education; increase quality and efficiency of the education services; and promote institutional development and capacity building for decentralisation. This paper…

Tan, Charlene

2007-01-01

331

Higher Education Reform in Brazil: Reinforcing Marketization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education in Brazil began based on institutions organized as isolated establishments, and mostly privately owned. Nonetheless, public institutions created as universities and developing research activities and other services became the desired ideal for higher education. The first educational institutions in Brazil were created in the…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

2009-01-01

332

The Limits to Career Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the monograph Career and Vocational Education in the 1980s: Toward a Process Approach, by Larry J. Bailey, relating and critiquing its two parts, which respectively deal with the history of American education and a global paradigm that includes career and vocational education. The monograph is recommended as a primary reference for…

Passmore, David L.

1978-01-01

333

Selected Science Educational Outcomes as a Function of South Dakota Educational Reform Policies 1995-2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research investigates selected South Dakota science educational outcomes as a function of selected educational reform policies. In the state of South Dakota, echoing divergent reform initiatives from "A Nation at Risk" to "No Child Left Behind," new guidelines and requirements have been instituted. Yet, very little effort has been made to assess the progress of these educational changes. In this study, selected educational outcomes-SAT8/9/10 scores-as a function of selected South Dakota educational reform policies were examined. School districts, ranked in the top and bottom five percent of socioeconomic status (SES) in the state, were selected for analysis. Comparison on student's science educational outcomes was also be made between the two major ethnic populations-Caucasians and Native Americans. All research questions were stated in the null form for hypothesis for statistical testing. Critical t was the statistic technique used to test the hypotheses. The findings revealed that the selected reform policies in South Dakota appeared to assist students from the higher socioeconomic backgrounds to perform better than pupils from the lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The academic performance for the ethnic and social class minorities remained unchanged within the study timeline for reform. Examined from the prism of Michael Apple's critical theory, the selected South Dakota reform policies have paid little attention to the issues of social equality. Continuing and collective efforts to promote equitable reform policies for enhancing the learning experience of all children in South Dakota seem necessary.

Hsu, T.; Tien, K. C.

2005-05-01

334

Current educational reform and the significance of problem-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present predicament of higher education resulting from government-imposed reforms is, it is argued, partly a consequence of the education to which members of government have themselves been subject; consequently, higher education carries some responsibility for the nature of the reforms. Government and higher education share a conception of knowledge, understanding and education which, paradoxically, predisposes the parties to act

Don Margetson

1994-01-01

335

Instructors' Perceptions of the Bologna Model of Higher Education Reform in Cameroon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Problem Statement. The literature on education in Cameroon suggests that there is a deep-rooted history of resistance to educational reform and harmonization both at the K12 and higher education levels. Attempts by political and educational leaders to reform and harmonize the two very distinct systems of education, inherited from former…

Mngo, Zachary Y.

2011-01-01

336

The Teacher Education Reform Process in Ethiopia: Some Consequences on Educators and Its Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the emergence of the discourse of TESO, teacher education in Ethiopia has been struggling to change rhetoric and practice by reaffirming a managerially driven reform performance. The terrain is now characterized by fresh, but globally dominant rhetoric. Salient in the emerging discourse is reform mottos and agendas such as "active learning",…

Tessema, Kedir Assefa

2007-01-01

337

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

338

Supporting STEM Education in Secondary Science Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education scholars emphasize the significance of an integrative, interdisciplinary STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education that encourages students to learn about the natural world through exploration, inquiry, and problem-solving experiences. This article reports on a professional development program aimed at improving a group of secondary science and mathematics teachers’ competence in using a problem-based approach in the teaching

Anila Asghar; Roni Ellington; Eric Rice; Francine Johnson; Glenda M. Prime

2012-01-01

339

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

340

Basic Skills and the Education Reform Act. Viewpoints: A Series of Occasional Papers on Basic Education. Issue No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, one of a series of British occasional papers on adult basic education, provides a variety of views on the British Education Reform Act (ERA) of 1988. The papers and their authors are "A Chief Education Officer's View of the Education Reform Act" (Michael Garnett); "Basic Education--Some Reflections" (Tom Irwin); "ERA--Investment or…

Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit, London (England).

341

Reform responses : how public management reforms affect managerial relations and loyalties in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between professionals and managers in public domains are the subject of\\u000asharp controversies, especially in domains like education. According to public opinion,\\u000athe rise of Managerialism has fuelled clashes between managers and professionals. In\\u000athe past few years, academic research has mainly studied how management reforms\\u000aaffect professionals and their work. How managers, such as school managers, are\\u000aaffected

M. Noordegraaf; B. C. de Wit

2009-01-01

342

Education Reform Context and Process in Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter explores the developments of Vietnam's basic education policy since 1990, and the roles of foreign donors. The\\u000a priority of basic education was agreed in an international consensus at the World Conference on Education for All (EFA) in\\u000a Jomtien, Thailand, sponsored by the World Bank (WB), UNESCO, and other agencies in 1990. The Vietnamese government participated\\u000a in the conference

Takao Kamibeppu

343

Computing Activities in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A report from a study completed by American Institutes for Research (AIR), detailing the extent and type of computer use in U.S. public secondary schools. The second such study done by AIR, analysis of trends and estimates of future growth and directions are presented. (HB)|

Bukoski, William J.; Korotkin, Arthur L.

1976-01-01

344

Reform of Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than 20 years the People's Republic of China has engaged in a significant transformation of its economy and social institutions, including its education system. This article provides a general picture of what changes have taken place in Chinese teacher education at a time of rapid transition from central control to devolved and…

Shi, Xiaoguang; Englert, Peter A. J.

2008-01-01

345

The Mathematician and the Mathematics Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

E. H. Moore's Retiring Address as AMS President took place in 1902. Moore had a firm commitment to both teaching and research, but the theme of his address centered on mathematics education. On the role of AMS in education, he said: \\

H. Wu

1996-01-01

346

Education finance reform: A dynamic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a dynamic Tiebout model to analyze the consequences of moving from a pure local system of education finance to a pure state system of finance in which each student receives the same resources. While much of the education finance literature focuses on the static or immediate effects of such a change, our analysis also examines the dynamic effects.

Raquel Fernandez; Richard. Rogerson

1997-01-01

347

Current Reform in Higher Education in Bahrain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Bahrain and background information on this Arab Gulf country are considered. Bahrain, similar to other Gulf States, depended heavily on expatriates as teachers, most of whom were from Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon. Bahraini students have pursued college studies in other countries. Higher education in the country started as separate…

Saif, Philip S.

348

Assessing the Reform of General Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the kinds of changes undergraduate colleges are making in their curricula in response to the ongoing debate about the quality of undergraduate education. The authors detail responses to a survey of 226 institutions on educational change, noting that most adopted a wide variety of recent changes that had a positive impact on…

Gaff, Jerry G.; Wasescha, Anna

2001-01-01

349

Governing Education: Public Sector Reform or Privatization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Americans are facing a critical choice between two different systems of school control the continuance of the current system of public governance or a move to a privatized approach to schooling. The purpose of this book is to help educators and citizens better understand the issues and opportunities associated with changes in educational

Bauman, Paul C.

350

The Newsroom's View of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cheating is rampant, national test scores are abysmal, school policy is set in Washington, and teacher tenure is on its last legs. That's the image of American education implied by the 250-odd education stories published by leading news organizations last year. In this article, the author takes a closer look. (Contains 1 figure.)|

Petrilli, Michael

2012-01-01

351

Assessing the Reform of General Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the kinds of changes undergraduate colleges are making in their curricula in response to the ongoing debate about the quality of undergraduate education. The authors detail responses to a survey of 226 institutions on educational change, noting that most adopted a wide variety of recent changes that had a positive impact on…

Gaff, Jerry G.; Wasescha, Anna

2001-01-01

352

Education Research and Reform: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of governments in the operation of education research and development systems is under critical scrutiny throughout the developed world. The introductory chapter presents the main themes of a seminar held in 1992 and outlines challenges for further work. The next 10 chapters focus on education research and development issues: (1)…

Tomlinson, Tommy M., Ed.; Tuijnman, Albert C., Ed.

353

Education Research and Reform: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of governments in the operation of education research and development systems is under critical scrutiny throughout the developed world. The introductory chapter presents the main themes of a seminar held in 1992 and outlines challenges for further work. The next 10 chapters focus on education research and development issues: (1)…

Tomlinson, Tommy M., Ed.; Tuijnman, Albert C., Ed.

354

Educational reform in China: tensions in national policy and local practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the post?Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through decentralisation and financial diversification that encouraged local governments

Yujin Liu; Máiréad Dunne

2009-01-01

355

A Decade of Education Reform in Thailand: Broken Promise or Impossible Dream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the perceived gap between the vision of education reform in Thailand embodied in its Education Reform Law of 1999 and the results of implementation a decade later. Drawing upon opportunistic data obtained from a sample of 162 Thai school principals, we analyze trends in reform implementation across schools in all regions and…

Hallinger, Philip; Lee, Moosung

2011-01-01

356

What Do Leaders Think? Reflections on the Implementation of Higher Education Reforms in Armenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Leader perceptions of higher education reforms in Armenia are examined in order to gain an insight into how they view the reforms, their role in the reforms and the roles of others. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six Armenian higher education leaders and analysed in terms of the following five aspects relevant to leadership:…

Karakhanyan, Susanna Yuri; van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo C. M.

2012-01-01

357

Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

2009-01-01

358

Teacher Education Reform and Subaltern Voices: From Politica to Practica in Bolivia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1994, the National Educational Reform in Bolivia instituted reforms that called for a model of education that held at its center the knowledge and languages of Indigenous people. The types of change called for by the reforms in Bolivia signify major transformations in teacher preparation practices and a concerted emphasis on training in…

Delany-Barmann, Gloria

2010-01-01

359

China's higher education policy reform in practice: rejuvenating rural development studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ministry of Education is currently implementing an ambitious and wide-ranging policy reform process to respond to rapid changing societal demands. The policy covers the establishment of academic specialties, reform of the mode of student training, strengthening teaching management, strengthening character education in universities, reform in the teaching of English, and adjustment of curricula. Based on our own involvement in

Xiaoyun Li; Xiuli Xu; Gubo Qi; Min Lu; Ronnie Vernooy

2006-01-01

360

Formal vs. Non-Formal Vernacular Education: The Education Reform in Papua New Guinea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a community-based nonformal education movement in Papua New Guinea to use hundreds of the country's languages to teach initial literacy in local preschool and adult education programs. The article describes this movement, the proposed government reform of the English-only formal education system and the ensuing conflicts. (37 references)…

Siegel, Jeff

1997-01-01

361

Formal vs. Non-Formal Vernacular Education: The Education Reform in Papua New Guinea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a community-based nonformal education movement in Papua New Guinea to use hundreds of the country's languages to teach initial literacy in local preschool and adult education programs. The article describes this movement, the proposed government reform of the English-only formal education system and the ensuing conflicts. (37…

Siegel, Jeff

1997-01-01

362

Educational and Social Reforms and Their Implications for Educational Facilities Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in planning and design of educational facilities in Greece, formalized by legislation in 1985, were the result of major educational and social reforms begun in 1982. This report analyzes issues involved during the present educational facilities transitional phase and recommends establishment of a central support service. The legislative…

Marangou, Stella

363

The Effect of a State Education Reform Act on Environmental Education and Interpretative Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental education and interpretive facilities in Texas were surveyed to determine the effects on their attendance, management, and programming of a state education reform bill. The bill potentially restricted the ability of public school teachers to take classes on field trips to off-campus educational centers. Findings indicated that facility attendance did decline during the twelve months following passage of the

Kathleen L. Andereck; James H. Gramann

1989-01-01

364

Education Reform, Equal Opportunity and Educational Achievement: Do Trend Data Adequately Report Progress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using Kentucky as a case study, the research described in this paper examines efforts to provide equality of educational opportunity. Standards based educational reform has produced myriad data on student achievement that are used by educators, policy analysts, legislators, and researchers to discern progress. This research makes use of multiple…

Knoeppel, Robert C.; Brewer, Curtis A.

2011-01-01

365

Developmental Education. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 9, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" will address the following three questions: (1) What are the challenges that developmental education programs face that affect their success? (2) Are developmental education programs an effective strategy for increasing college attainment rates? and (3) How can state policy improve the success of…

Vandal, Bruce

2008-01-01

366

The Public Mind: Views of Pennsylvania Citizens. Smoking, Education, Tax Reform, Crime Control, Welfare Reform, Health Care Reform. Report No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The sixth annual survey conducted by the Rural Services Institute examined the opinions of Pennsylvania residents on crime control, welfare reform, smoking, and education reform proposals. Sixty percent of respondents believed that the most urgent issue facing Pennsylvania was violent crime and strongly supported measures to reduce the…

Mansfield Univ., PA. Rural Services Inst.

367

What Pragmatism Can Offer Educational Reform Debates: Method, Means, and Motive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a pragmatic analysis of a failed high school-reform effort in Cincinnati, Ohio. Discusses the benefits of adopting a pragmatic approach to educational reform. (Contains 19 references.) (PKP)|

Henry, Sue Ellen; Feuerstein, Abe

2003-01-01

368

Health Education: What Can It Look Like after Health Care Reform? 1993 SOPHE Presidential Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In plans for health care reform, the role of health education in reducing risk behaviors associated with leading causes of death must be recognized. Reform offers new opportunities for prevention programs in schools, worksites, and communities. (SK)

Jorgensen, Cynthia M.

1994-01-01

369

Revamping Secondary School Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent criticisms of science education in the United States led to a unique experience in the Conroe Independent School District in Texas. An evaluation committee of local professional and eminent scientists was established by the local superintendent to review and evaluate the adequacy of (1) the scope and sequence of science courses; (2)…

Griffin, Richard A.; And Others

370

Women in Higher Education in Post WWII Occupied Japan: The Effect of Democratic Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores postwar educational reform in Japan from 1945 to 1952 and focuses on issues related to women's higher education. It describes the transformation of the educational system and the effect of the educational reforms of U.S. occupation forces on post-World War II Japan. The basic research design emphasizes narrative historical…

Moroishi, Yasumi

371

Democratizing Educational Research or Why Is Our Nation Still at Risk after Ten Years of Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this paper is to offer an alternative explanation of why the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, and educational research in general, has such a low status and its connection to education reform is so remote. Emphasis placed on the differences that divide reformers, researchers, and educators instead of similarities…

Radebaugh, Byron F.

372

Brain Research Can Help Principals Reform Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rather than decrying students' boredom and short attention span, principals should adjust schools accordingly. One's feelings about a learning situation determine the attention devoted to it. Secondary principals can help by keeping their schools violence-free, informing their teachers about emotional aspects of learning and teaching, working…

Sousa, David A.

1998-01-01

373

Should Parents Get Involved in Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…

Blodget, Alden S.

2012-01-01

374

Education Reform and Content: The Long View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Longitudinal analysis of early childhood education, such as that in Project Follow Through, shows the superiority of explicit skill instruction for the acquisition of basic reading skills. But these early gains do not eventuate in significant progress in reading achievement in later grades, especially among disadvantaged youth. This is not for…

Hirsch, Eric Donald, Jr.

2005-01-01

375

Commissions, Reports, Reforms, and Educational Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Blue-ribbon" commissions are an increasingly common feature of the American political landscape. This book examines the roles that blue-ribbon commissions and their reports have played in educational policymaking. The book begins with a foreword by Paul E. Peterson and an introductory chapter, "Commissions and Change" by Rick Ginsberg and David…

Ginsberg, Rick, Ed.; Plank, David N., Ed.

376

Of Robins' Eggs, Teachers, and Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contrasts two fourth-grade teachers' treatment of a student's robin eggshell. One teacher continues with a conventional, text-based science lesson; the other asks what the eggshell means and helps students devise research questions to be pursued in the library and in art class. Also, seven provocative questions are posed for would-be education

Nelson, Richard C.

1989-01-01

377

Vocational and Technical Education Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…

Kilic, Abdurrahman

2006-01-01

378

Voices on Choice: The Education Reform Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection presents a sampling of opinions of both proponents and opponents in the school choice debate from a variety of professional perspectives, including academics, bureaucrats, politicians, union leaders, economists, lawyers, parents, and activists. The following essays are included: (1) "School Choice Promotes Educational Excellence…

Billingsley, K. L., Ed.

379

Educational Administration: A Decade of Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the extent to which recommendations contained in a report by the National Commission on Excellence in Educational Administration have been acted on and how well they have been implemented. The 12 articles in the book are grouped under 4 sections. Part 1, "Setting the Stage," includes: (1) "A Decade of Change: An Overview" (J.…

Murphy, Joseph, Ed.; Forsyth, Patrick B., Ed.

380

Pedagogical reforms of digital signal processing education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of the engineering discipline is arguably predicated heavily upon appealing to the future generation, in all its sensibilities. The greatest burden in doing so, one might rightly believe, lies on the shoulders of the educators. In examining the causal means by which the profession arrived at such a state, one finds that the technical revolution, precipitated by global

Michael Christensen

2009-01-01

381

School Choice in Chile: Two Decades of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines the decentralization and privatization of schools in Chile. It analyzes whether the introduction of market mechanisms in the supply of, and demand for, schools enhances educational performance. The text discusses the microeconomic assumptions underlying the proposition that elementary and secondary education could function as a…

Gauri, Varun

382

Secondary Art Education: An Anthology of Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this anthology, 18 authors address art education and classroom issues of concern to the middle and high school level teacher. The volume includes: (1) "The Discipline of Art" (Harlan Hoffa); (2) "Art Criticism and Social Integration of the Disciplines of Art" (Tom Anderson); (3) "The Period of Transescence and Its Relevance for the Secondary

Little, Bruce E., Ed.

383

USGS Educational Resources For Secondary Grades  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides links to selected United States Geological Survey (USGS) educational resources that may be useful to educators in secondary school grades. Many of these resources can be used directly in the classroom, as preparation for lessons or demonstrations, or as resources for teacher education and curriculum development. Major topic areas include biology, geography, geology, and water resources. Resources (indicated by symbols) include complete teaching modules, classroom activities, and web-based resources. Items that have costs beyond basic printing or on-line viewing costs are also indicated by a symbol.

384

Spanish Teachers' Views of the Goals of Science Education in Secondary Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this work was determine teachers' opinions regarding the goals and objectives of the teaching of science, within the frame of educational reform. We attempt to disclose to what extent educational thinking gives priority to the training of students in the scientific concepts, laws and theories needed in further courses and how this thinking pays less attention to the so-called scientific literacy which is meant to be the main object of the teaching of science according to the designers of the curriculum. To achieve this, we carried out a multiple and convergent experimental design with a number of samples of teachers. We found confirmation that in secondary education, the curricular emphasis of teachers focuses on the preparation for the further study training of students.

Furió, Carlos; Vilches, Amparo; Guisasola, Jenaro; Romo, Victor

2002-01-01

385

Education under the Heel of Caesar: Reading UK Higher Education Reform through Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

UK higher education reform (BIS, ) has been presented as a common-sense movement towards efficiency. This article will argue that, in reality, the marketisation of higher education is a movement towards negative freedom, defined after Berlin (2007) as unrestricted choice. Using Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" as a means to explore the…

Ward, Sophie

2012-01-01

386

International Education in Systemic Educational Reforms: The Chinese Case and Lessons Learned from an International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International research findings and country experiences prove that, in coping with the tension between the global and the local in education, three major forces contribute to the success of international reform: firstly, the national public authorities in protecting education as a common good through political commitment and policy actions;…

Zhou, Nanzhao

2007-01-01

387

State of Transition: Post-Apartheid Educational Reform in South Africa. Monographs in International Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book reviews the major dimensions of post-apartheid educational change and continuity in South Africa since 1994. It sets educational reform in the context of the nature of the anti-apartheid struggle inside South Africa and in the global economic environment in which South Africa re-entered the world stage as a legitimate actor. Recognizing…

Harber, Clive

388

Educational Reconstruction "By the Dawn's Early Light": Violent Political Conflict and American Overseas Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a historical approach, Sobe examines the myths and ideals that have underlain U.S. educational initiatives in postconflict nations abroad. Building on its tradition of modern schooling designed to advance civic and social order, America has sought to extend its political and cultural values overseas through educational reforms in…

Sobe, Noah W.

2009-01-01

389

Sustaining educational reforms in introductory physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While it is well known which curricular practices can improve student performance on measures of conceptual understanding, the sustaining of these practices and the role of faculty members in implementing these practices are less well understood. We present a study of the hand-off of Tutorials in Introductory Physics [McDermott and Schaffer (Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2002)] from initial adopters to other instructors at the University of Colorado, including traditional faculty not involved in physics educational research. The study examines the impact of implementation of tutorials on student conceptual learning across ten first-semester, and seven second-semester courses, for 15 faculty members over 13 semesters, and includes roughly 5000 students. It is possible to demonstrate consistently high, and statistically indistinguishable, student learning gains for different faculty members; however, such results are not the norm and appear to rely on a variety of factors. Student performance varies by faculty backgroundâfaculty involved in, or informed by physics education research, consistently post higher student learning gains than less-informed faculty. Student performance in these courses also varies by curricula usedâall semesters in which the research-based Tutorials and learning assistants are used have higher student learning gains than those semesters that rely on nonresearch-based materials and do not employ learning assistants.

Pollock, Steven J.; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2008-09-24

390

Implementation of the K-12 Education Reform in Qatar's Schools. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The leadership of Qatar is greatly invested in its K-12 education reform, "Education for a New Era," because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the…

Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan Gery W.; Karam, Rita; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Orr, Nate; Goldman, Charles A.; Al-Thani, Hessa; Al-Obaidli, Kholode

2009-01-01

391

A Social Reminder: What the Public Want from the Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The Education Commission (EC) of Hong Kong, the advisory body set up by the government on the overall development of education in Hong Kong, began developing a policy of education reform in 1998 and published its blueprint in 2000. In 2006, the EC published its fourth official report on the progress of the reform--"Progress Report on…

Wong, Kai Shung

2010-01-01

392

Toward an "Efficient and Contented" Agriculture: The Goals of Rural Education Reform, 1900-1920.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural education reform manifest in the U.S. "Country Life Movement" of the early 1900's centered on the doctrine of economic efficiency. Rural education reformers believed that high food prices were due to the inefficiency of farmers and the general discontent of rural peoples exemplified by the rural to urban migration. The rural education system…

Danbom, David B.

393

Reform in the General Education Movement: The Case of Michigan State College, 1938-1952  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses the case of Michigan State College (MSC) to reconsider understanding of reform in the general education movement. Using the lens of MSC, the author argues that reform in the general education movement operated in a matrix of influence that involved educational research, philanthropy, and (both inter- and intra-) institutional…

Zayed, Kevin S.

2012-01-01

394

Major Reforms of the Swedish Education System: 1950-1975. Staff Working Paper No. 290.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop a mass education structure that met the goals of both equality and efficiency, Sweden carried out extensive educational reforms between 1950 and 1975, starting at lower educational levels and moving in gradual staqes to the highest levels. This report looks at the background, nature, and history of these reforms. Its chapter on the…

Heidenheimer, Arnold J.

395

Reform in the General Education Movement: The Case of Michigan State College, 1938-1952  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the case of Michigan State College (MSC) to reconsider understanding of reform in the general education movement. Using the lens of MSC, the author argues that reform in the general education movement operated in a matrix of influence that involved educational research, philanthropy, and (both inter- and intra-) institutional…

Zayed, Kevin S.

2012-01-01

396

Assessment and Educational Reform: Doing More than Polishing Brass on the Titanic, a Call for Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploration of evaluation strategies for systemic educational reform considers whether there is a way to design an assessment and delivery system that can accomplish the goals of the total educational process. A basic question that must be addressed in systemic reform is the role of education in the socialization processes of society. Beyond…

Jackman, Andrew

397

Moving "Social Reform" to Center Stage: Lessons from Higher Education in Ecuador.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that recent higher education reforms in Ecuador have not had the support necessary for enactment and, if enacted, will have minor impact. Offers strategies for moving this reform to center stage, including: a new vision of development; responding to changes in the external environment; realism; a critical stance against existing reforms;…

Jameson, Kenneth P.

1999-01-01

398

A New Role in Facilitating School Reform: The Case of the Educational Technologist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Demonstrates the critical nature of role formation processes in school reform initiatives, suggesting that a richer understanding of these processes would benefit those engaged in reform implementation as well as those concerned with measuring the penetration of reform initiatives. The article focuses on the role of the educational technologist,…

Davidson, Judith

2003-01-01

399

New Curriculum Reform Implementation and the Transformation of Educational Beliefs, Practices, and Structures in Gansu Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response to the implementation of the new curriculum reforms varies by regional context. A study of the effects of reform implementation on basic education in rural Gansu contributes to understanding the reforms in resource-constrained environments in China. Drawing on rich data from linked teacher, principal, student, and county administrator…

Sargent, Tanja Carmel

2011-01-01

400

Is There Any Change in Science Educational Reforms? A Sociological Study of Theories of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the model of the theory of instruction emphasized in the 1991 reform in Portugal at the level of science education, comparing it to the 1975 reform by analyzing the syllabi of the reform initiatives in Years 5/6 and 7 in order to discover possible changes in the teacher-student relation. (CMK)|

Morais, Ana M.; Neves, Isabel P.; Fontinhas, Fernanda

1999-01-01

401

Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training. NBER Working Paper No. 16659  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results indicate that welfare reform reduced enrollment…

Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

2011-01-01

402

Urban Public School Libraries and Educational Reform: The Case of the Detroit Public Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the implications of school reform on school libraries using the Detroit Public Schools (DPS) as a case study in urban librarianship. A literature review on the role and impact of school librarians in K-12 education is included to help illustrate the role of school libraries in public school reform. Two DPS reforms are selected for closer evaluation:

Kafi D Kumasi

2010-01-01

403

New Curriculum Reform Implementation and the Transformation of Educational Beliefs, Practices, and Structures in Gansu Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Response to the implementation of the new curriculum reforms varies by regional context. A study of the effects of reform implementation on basic education in rural Gansu contributes to understanding the reforms in resource-constrained environments in China. Drawing on rich data from linked teacher, principal, student, and county administrator…

Sargent, Tanja Carmel

2011-01-01

404

Scientists researching teaching: Reforming science education and transforming practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reforming science education is a multidimensional and complex undertaking. Of extreme importance is transforming how teachers teach. Answering the equity call of reform initiatives requires focusing on the underlying values and beliefs guiding teacher action and the promotion of inclusive practices (Brickhouse, 2001; Harding, 1994; Eisenhart, Finkel, & Marion, 1995; Mayberry & Rees, 1999; Rodriguez, 1997). Reform efforts within the last decade are being directed at college level science courses. Course and pedagogical transformations are particularly aimed at increasing the numbers of females and persons of color in science and improving the education of preservice teachers. Facilitating transformations toward these goals at the individual and program level is challenging work. This study explores and describes the conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy. Two science professors affiliated with a reform collaborative were the main participants of the research. The professors, in collaboration with the primary researcher, engaged in assisted action research that lead to the identification and descriptions of their context and practical teaching theories. Among the questions explored were: "How does placing the professor in a position to conduct an assisted action research project help to foster teacher change conditions?" "How do the practical theories guiding the professors' teaching foster or impede inclusionary practice?" "What necessary conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy emerged from the study?". Using case study and ethnographic qualitative research strategies for data collection and analysis, this study affords a unique perspective through which to consider why and how science professors change their practice. Data indicated that the assisted action research strategy fostered the conditions of teacher change. In addition, findings revealed that the professors shared a teacher and curriculum centered teaching philosophy and an ethic of care and respect for their students that, in varying ways, both supported and impeded inclusive practice. Teacher change was heavily mediated by departmental contexts. Assertions are made about the necessary conditions of teacher change toward an inclusive pedagogy and implications for further research are explored.

Weiss, Tarin Harrar

405

Literature Review on Improving Secondary Vocational Education Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current demand for educational excellence is an outgrowth of recent national reports criticizing secondary education. This push for academic excellence also affects vocational education outcomes. A growing consensus seems to be emerging that at the secondary level (1) vocational education should be integrated with academic education, (2)…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Education and Work Program.

406

A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

407

Educational Research and Higher Education Reform in Eastern and Central Europe: Studies in Comparative Education, Volume 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The conference papers examine higher education reforms in the countries of Eastern and Central Europe from several research perspectives: political, economic, pedagogical, and sociological. Papers are organized in three sections: Higher Education Policies and Institutional Change; Central European Higher Education in Transition; and Higher…

Leitner, Erich, Ed.

408

An informal elementary science education program’s response to the National Science Education Reform Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the experience of an informal elementary science education program, Hands on Science Outreach (HOSO),\\u000a that is striving to maintain its identity as an informal program within the context of the National Science Education Reform\\u000a Movement. We provide an overview of informal elementary science education programs in the United States including a definition\\u000a and a historical summary. We

Phyllis Katz; J. Randy McGinnis

1999-01-01

409

Policy Diffusion and Transfer and Teachers' Perceptions within the Bologna Reforms: The Armenia case of Higher Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper seeks to understand how higher education policy from the European Community is defused and transferred to Armenia, a developing country. Particularly, this study aims to delve deeper in the actual implementation process of higher education reforms in Armenia through teachers' perceptions. The findings mainly reveal that teachers do long…

Karakhanyan, Susanna; van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, T.C.M.

2010-01-01

410

Understanding State School Funding: The First Step toward Quality Reforms. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 13, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quote, taken from a piece written by the Education Commission of the States (ECS) nearly 30 years ago, demonstrates that researchers have long recognized the relationship between quality education reform and the structure of a state's school funding system. However, many policymakers continue to view their state's school funding formula not…

Griffith, Michael

2012-01-01

411

Understanding State School Funding: The First Step toward Quality Reforms. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 13, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quote, taken from a piece written by the Education Commission of the States (ECS) nearly 30 years ago, demonstrates that researchers have long recognized the relationship between quality education reform and the structure of a state's school funding system. However, many policymakers continue to view their state's school funding formula not…

Griffith, Michael

2012-01-01

412

Reshaping Education in the 1990s: Perspectives on Secondary Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1988 Education Reform Act precipitated major educational change in the United Kingdom. This book is a compilation of papers originally presented at the 1994 Centre for Educational Development Appraisal and Research (CEDAR) conference at the University of Warwick (England). The papers focus on changes that have occurred and are occurring in…

Pole, Christopher J., Ed.; Chawla-Duggan, Rita, Ed.

413

Particle Physics Outreach to Secondary Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.

Erik Johansson, K.; Jean Young, M.

2011-11-01

414

Translating Globalization and Democratization into Local Policy: Educational Reform in Hong Kong and Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The past two decades have witnessed three important international trends: an increase in the number of democratic states; economic globalization; and educational reforms in light of the challenges of the new millennium. A great deal of research has addressed educational change in relation to either globalization or democratization, but little has been said about the complex interactions among all three processes. In view of recent educational reforms in Hong Kong and Taiwan, the present contribution examines the local nature of education policy in a globalized age. It challenges those globalization theories which minimize the role of the state and exaggerate the power of globalization over local factors. In particular, it explores how the governments of these two Chinese societies have employed democratization to generate and legitimate reform proposals and have used economic globalization to justify educational reforms. The study concludes by discussing the complex interrelations of these processes, including tensions between global and local concerns in educational reform.

Law, Wing-Wah

2004-11-01

415

Globalisation and Science Education: Rethinking Science Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like Lemke ("J Res Sci Teach" 38:296-316, 2001), I believe that science education has not looked enough at the impact of the changing theoretical and global landscape by which it is produced and shaped. Lemke makes a sound argument for science education to look beyond its own discourses toward those like cultural studies and politics, and to which…

Carter, Lyn

2005-01-01

416

Impact of Equity Models and Statistical Measures on Interpretations of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present three models of equity and show how these, along with the statistical measures used to evaluate results, impact interpretation of equity in education reform. Equity can be defined and interpreted in many ways. Most equity education reform research strives to achieve equity by closing achievement gaps between groups. An example is given…

Rodriguez, Idaykis; Brewe, Eric; Sawtelle, Vashti; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-01-01

417

Scaffolds for Learning: A Sociocultural Approach to Reforming Mathematics Teaching and Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research interest stimulated by the mathematics education reform movement has been centred on schools, and on supportipg teachers in implementing inquiry based teaching approaches in mathematics classrooms. This paper argues that similar research efforts need to be invested in pre-service teacher education if genuine and lasting reform of mathematics teaching is to be achieved. Parallels are drawnbetween two separate

Merrilyn Goos

1999-01-01

418

From Formulation to Realisation: The Process of Swedish Reform in Advanced Vocational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to consider the complexities of planning and implementation of a reform in the Swedish system of higher vocational education and training (VET). The study object of this article is the Swedish reform with advanced vocational education (AVE). The two main questions the study aims to address are: "What are the main driving…

Lindell, Mats

2006-01-01

419

School Counselors and Teachers Collaborate to Implement Education Reform in an Urban High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

School counselor success at meeting student developmental goals rests significantly upon their abilities to collaborate with teachers. However, teacher time is being increasingly restricted to matters pertaining to local education reform agendas. Therefore, unless school counselors can design strategies to participate with teachers in education reform, counselors will be limited in their ability to influence student learning and development. In

Robert D. Colbert; Tamisha Bouknight

420

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

421

Legislation, education reform and social transformation: the People's Republic of China's experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

With special reference to the People's Republic of China (PRC), this paper examines relationships between law, education reform and social transformation that have been under-researched. The argument is that, despite national leaders' high expectations, the use of law to effect or consolidate educational reform in the PRC is affected by both legal and extra-legal factors such as politics, economics, and

Wing-Wah Law

2002-01-01

422

Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students and Accountability Reform: Issues for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has had a monumental impact over the past decade on how educational reform is viewed in the United States. As a result of how the law is structured, schools for students who are deaf or hard of hearing have been the focus of attention for educational reform under NCLB. While there have been some shifts…

Cawthon, Stephanie W.

2011-01-01

423

Impact of Equity Models and Statistical Measures on Interpretations of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We present three models of equity and show how these, along with the statistical measures used to evaluate results, impact interpretation of equity in education reform. Equity can be defined and interpreted in many ways. Most equity education reform research strives to achieve equity by closing achievement gaps between groups. An example is given…

Rodriguez, Idaykis; Brewe, Eric; Sawtelle, Vashti; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-01-01

424

Restructuring China's Adult Higher Education: An Examination of the Driving Forces behind the Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|China's adult institutions of higher education have launched comprehensive reforms in order to meet the increasing demands for professional training. As in many other countries, reforms in the educational system in China have been driven by economic and political changes, and these changes have been determined largely by the needs of the market.…

Liu, Ning Rong

2008-01-01

425

Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much…

Little, Angela W.

2011-01-01

426

Teachers' Informal Learning, Identity and Contemporary Education "Reform." NALL Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores links between teachers' learning, the politics and practices of education reform, and teacher identity, examining how teachers learn to negotiate the spaces between promises of improvement, effectiveness, and accountability made in heterogeneous discourses of education reform and their experiences with deteriorating material…

Delhi, Kari; Fumia, Doreen

427

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

428

Restructuring reforms in Turkish teacher education: Modernisation and development in a dynamic environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the effectiveness of recent reforms in teacher education in Turkey, specifically the restructuring of programmes in university faculties of education. It first, briefly, sets the reforms of the 1990s in an historical context, prior to the 1997 Act which increased the length of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years, and the 1998 restructuring of faculties of

Gary M. Grossman; Margaret K. Sands

2008-01-01

429

Current Trends in Austrian Higher Education: The Call for a New Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Austrian higher education is described with specific reference to the organization and study reforms that Austrian universities have undergone. The increasing number of Austrian students may require continuing reform of the higher education system and the future outlook is discussed. (BH)|

Leitner, Erich

1979-01-01

430

Educational Reform: The Need To Redefine State-Local Governance of Schools. Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document examines recent state school reform efforts from two perspectives: the strategies states adopt to improve educational excellence and the influence those strategies have on the functional dimensions of education policy. The paper reports the research findings of a study that examined state reform strategies nationally. The study…

Timar, Thomas B.

431

(En)Gendering Responsibility: A Critical News Analysis of Argentina's Education Reform, 2001-2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education reform continues around the globe, though questioned and critiqued in relation to goals of democratizing educational decision-making. Newspapers are one site of contestation and negotiation where struggles over global reform discourses are contextualized in "obvious" and "natural" local language. In this article, I argue that gender…

Robert, Sarah A.

2012-01-01

432

Engaging the Community, Targeted Interventions: Achieving Scale in Basic Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1983, after over 10 years of working on mathematics education reform in the Philippines, I wrote a paper for a Tokyo conference arguing that education reform in developing countries such as the Philippines should begin by working on macro-problems, namely the social, political, and economic environment of the schools, as a context for the…

Nebres, Bienvenido Florendo

2009-01-01

433

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform features the most current empirical research about the successes and challenges of the small schools movement and the implications of such for urban public educational policy. Situated in a climate of hierarchical reform, many of the principles of the original…

Hantzopoulos, Maria, Ed.; Tyner-Mullings, Alia R., Ed.

2012-01-01

434

Current Trends in Austrian Higher Education: The Call for a New Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Follows recent trends in Austrian higher education which have brought about significant reforms. Trends include emphasis on teaching instead of research and easier access to institutions of higher education. Journal availability: see SO 507 243. (Author/DB)|

Leitner, Erich

1979-01-01

435

Teachers, Technology, and Training. Perspectives on Education and School Reform: A Focus on the Psychological Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological (descriptive and prescriptive) perspectives of education and school reform, and elaborates the psychological, highlighting the theories and influences of Howard Gardner (assessment, curriculum, teacher education, community support), William Glasser (human needs, staff development…

Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

1996-01-01

436

Educational Reforms and Inequalities in Israel: The MMI Hypothesis Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Israeli secondary school students sit for national matriculation examinations that result in their receiving either a plain or a university-qualifying diploma. During the 1990s, the Ministry of Education implemented policies that were designed to raise eligibility rates for the diploma. This article evaluates the consequences of these policies for…

Ayalon, Hanna; Shavit, Yossi

2004-01-01

437

China's Education in 2003: From Growth to Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the first year of the Sixteenth National People's Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), as well as the first year for the new government, the year 2003 witnessed new events and new expectations in Chinese society. The universalization of compulsory education and the elimination of adult illiteracy made new advancements. Secondary

Dongpoing, Yang

2005-01-01

438

Parent and Community Involvement in Education. Volume III: Technical Appendix--Research Design and Methodology. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genuine educational reform depends on developing relationships with the home, community groups, politicians, and the business community (Seeley, 1981). This report is the third of three volumes that are products of a 3.5 year study of education reform, with a focus on the role of parent, family, and community involvement in the middle grades. The…

Anderson, Beckie; And Others

439

Academic Oligarchy and Higher Education Research. Implications for the Reform of Institutions of Higher Education in Austria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the higher education reform discussion in Austria which led to major system reorganization in 1993. It is noted that a previous academic oligarchy played a central role because a high proportion of university faculty also served in the parliament. Research on higher education played little part in reform because few studies were…

Leitner, Erich

1999-01-01

440

European Education Reform and Its Impact on Curriculum and Admissions: Implications of the Bologna Process on United States Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the European-wide educational reform known as the Bologna Process in order to provide an understanding of the methodology that will be used by European countries to assess course credit hours as well as degree programs. The Bologna Process is culmination of years of educational reform within the European Union (EU) and more…

Roper, Steven D.

2007-01-01

441

Transcending systems thinking in education reform: implications for policy-makers and school leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education policy-makers in the UK have repeatedly stated their central aim as transforming British education into a ‘world-class system’. Over the last 20 years, several large-scale education reforms have brought radical changes to the school curriculum, teacher professionalism and educational leadership. Explicit in these reforms, is the deployment of measurable standards of pupil attainment as a lever for achieving school

Agnieszka Bates

2012-01-01

442

Forum Guide to Elementary/Secondary Virtual Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide provides recommendations for collecting accurate, comparable, and useful data about virtual education in an elementary/secondary education setting. Its goals are to: identify components common to many education information systems that are nece...

2006-01-01

443

Reforming STEM Undergraduate Education: What's a Faculty Member to Do?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Fairweather, J.

2011-12-01

444

A case study of primary teachers' personal theories and understandings of standards-based science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was: (1) to contribute to current understandings of teachers' perspectives of standards-based science education reform, and (2) to describe and document the relationships between the personal theories about science teaching and learning held by three "unique" experienced primary teachers and the teachers' understandings of a state-level standards-based vision of school science. These teachers were unique because they had been members of a two year-long district-level standards-based science curriculum reform initiative. This study was framed by the conception of personal theories as a representation of teacher beliefs. This qualitative case study extended from the summer of 1996 through the spring of 1998. Methods of data collection were: interviewing and informal conversations, participant observation, video and audio taping, generation of field notes, and examination of documents and artifacts. Data analysis involved constant comparison of data, generation of categories, description of properties of and relationships between categories, and theorizing about the data. The results of this qualitative case study revealed that, overall, direct involvement in the science curriculum reform effort was a positive and meaningful professional development experience providing opportunities for personal and professional growth. For two of the teachers, the experience signified a turning point in the history of their personal theories about science teaching and learning. Although the reform effort was philosophically grounded in a state-level standards-based vision of school science, implementing the new hands-on science program, adopted as a dimension of the work of the reform effort, was in the forefront of teachers' thoughts. A standards vision played a secondary role as a referrent for thinking about the teaching of science. The findings suggest that teachers' personal theories could act as mediating forces in teachers' endeavors to understand contemporary science education reform. Generally, the teachers felt that a standards vision complimented their personal theories. They agreed with reform ideas like coherent K-12 curriculum development based on a depth over breadth approach, emphasis of science as both a knowledge base and as inquiry, the teacher role as facilitator, and learners' active engagement in learning. The teachers also noted challenges for the future of standards-based science education reform, including: commitment by local and state authorities to systemic reform for a hands-on/minds-on science program, the practical feasibility of some reform ideas, and multiple interpretations of standards language.

Wieseman, Katherine Claire

1998-08-01

445

A Holistic and Systematic Scheme for Planning Reforms on Multicultural Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform initiatives aiming at promoting multicultural science education involves coherent efforts by policy-makers, science education researchers, and science education practitioners. Concerns and issues on multicultural science education involve a complex array of variables, perspectives, and conditions. Depending on the perspectives and rationales taken by the policy-makers, different goals and methods for promoting multicultural science education may be proposed. It is

Chorng-Jee Guo

446

Pay, Professionalism, and Politics: Reforming Teachers, Reforming Education. Australian Education Review No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1980s a new concept entered the educational lexicon in Australia--"award restructuring," or paid training leave for teachers. However, by 1993 the term had disappeared from public view. What began as a new politics of work developed into a complex debate about governance and leadership in Australian education. This book documents both…

Seddon, Terri, Ed.

447

Neoliberalism as Nihilism? A Commentary on Educational Accountability, Teacher Education, and School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses neoliberalism as an extension of settler colonialism. The article provides commentary on five recent articles on teacher education and the neoliberal agenda. The article presents an analysis of neoliberalism as despair, and as a form of nihilism. The author discusses an indigenous model of school reform and…

Tuck, Eve

2013-01-01

448

Education, Culture and Indigenous Rights: The Case of Educational Reform in Bolivia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the implementation of intercultural bilingual education throughout Bolivia and its relationship to the linguistic and cultural rights of the majority indigenous population. Discusses institutional and curriculum reforms, particularly in rural schools; a new emphasis on students' learning needs; relationship to indigenous…

Comboni Salinas, Sonia; Juarez Nunez, Jose Manuel

2000-01-01

449

Motives for the Choice of Educational Strategies in the New Stage of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reform of a system that is interconnected with other systems and factors demands that its stability be assessed constantly, both as a whole and in its components. This was the purpose of a survey designed to discover, in connection with education, the perceptions, expectations, and attitudes of parents of upper-grade students in four regions…

Aleksandrova, O.

2009-01-01

450

The Use and Misuse of Metaphor in Education and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research indicates that the use of metaphors to organize and frame questions concerning the teaching/learning process can be an effective tool. More problematic, however, has been the use of metaphor in framing policy questions, especially those metaphors employed to frame national education reform ideas. This article explores several research…

McCandless, Bart

2012-01-01

451

Education Reforms and Capacity Development in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

To fully appreciate the pressures and opportunities that now confront higher education institutions (HEIs) in Cambodia, Lao\\u000a PDR, and Vietnam, it is necessary to understand the wider set of pressures influencing the growth and development of higher\\u000a education in the region and in the world more broadly. This chapter examines those wider trends, issues, and opportunities,\\u000a and then analyzes the

David W. Chapman

452

Improving the Quality of Physical Education? The Education Reform Act, 1988, and Physical Education in England and Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Reform Act (ERA) 1988 represents the most significant piece of legislation to have entered the education system in postwar Britain. Although all its “effects” have yet to materialize, this paper argues that aspects of ERA legislation will have a very damaging impact upon both the level and quality of PE provision in some state schools. The tone of

John Evans; Dawn Penney; Amanda Bryant

1993-01-01

453

Educational Policy and Educational Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cycles of educational reform initiatives and their effects on practice are reviewed in this paper, which focuses on the relationship between state and federal policy and local practices. The first part discusses the first generation of reform that began with the passage of the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Such reforms were…

McLaughlin, Milbrey W.

454

Engaging County Educators in Science Education Reform: The New York 4-H Environmental Inquiry Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000, the Cornell University Department of Natural Resources embarked on a new program, 4-H Environmental Inquiry (4-H EI). The goal of the program was to build the capacity of Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) educators to play a key role in science education reform in their communities, through providing opportunities for youth to engage in authentic, open-ended research. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe youth research programs implemented by the county educators, and document some of the issues that arise when county Extension educators engage youth in research, using the Cornell program as a model.

455

Linkages between Secondary and Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training in China and Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document describes the major features of the vocational educational and training (VET) sectors in China and Australia, particularly the linkages between lower and higher VET that occur within secondary and postsecondary education in Australia and, in China, within junior secondary schools, senior secondary schools, and higher institutions of…

Misko, Josie; Yufeng, Liu; He, Ouyang; Li, Jiang; Phan, Oanh

456

A Move against the Traditions: Vocationalising Secondary Education in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traditionally, the majority of high school graduates in China go to academic high schools; however, only about seven percent of them are able to go on to higher education, and some become unemployed. Beginning in 1980, reforms in the education system have created vocational high schools, which, unlike traditional vocational high schools, prepare…

Ming, Cheng Kai

457

Educational Reform, Career Education, and the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay describes Cashmere Middle School (Washington) as a positive and successful education model. The school's goals are set at an annual community meeting. Innovative school programs are outlined in the essay, and positive results in the form of academic goals, improved behavior, and student expectations are noted. (JB)|

Griffith, Bernadette

1984-01-01

458

Ohio's Education Reform Challenges: Lessons from the Frontlines. Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Charter schools have emerged as one of the central policy debates in U.S. education--and the Thomas B. Fordham Institute team has been a key participant in this debate since day one, both nationally and in Ohio. Despite President Obama's call for states to strengthen the charter sector and widen the options it provides to needy youngsters,…

Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Ryan, Terry; Lafferty, Michael B.

2010-01-01

459

A sociocultural reading of reform in science teaching in a secondary biology class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adopting activity theory as a theoretical and methodological framework, this case study illustrates how a teaching and learning situation is planned and implemented over a series of nine 75-min biology classes by a high school science teacher in the context of pedagogical reform. The object of this study emerges within a favourable context of science education curricular reform in Quebec, Canada. By examining the interaction between the poles of an activity system sharing the same object, this case study illustrates how one teacher's teaching practice is redefined and how some aspects of her teaching personality orient the ways in which she contextually mobilizes new tools and members of her school community in order to implement an awareness campaign on the risks of tanning salons.

Barma, Sylvie

2011-09-01

460

Workshops in Secondary Schools, Singapore. Educational Building Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this document is on the design of educational facilities, especially workshops, in Singapore. Chapter 1 discusses secondary schools, including the general curriculum and specifications-of-space provision in a standard secondary school. In chapter 2 the position of technical education within general secondary schools is addressed.…

Liew Kok-Pun, Michael; And Others

461

Workshops in Secondary Schools, Singapore. Educational Building Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this document is on the design of educational facilities, especially workshops, in Singapore. Chapter 1 discusses secondary schools, including the general curriculum and specifications-of-space provision in a standard secondary school. In chapter 2 the position of technical education within general secondary schools is addressed.…

Liew Kok-Pun, Michael; And Others

462

Washington Commentary: High Schools and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses high schools and reform. During the past two decades, school reformers have sighed when speaking of change in secondary schools, saying they were the hardest--and would be the last--nutshell they would seek to crack in making significant improvements in the education of young people. Efforts in secondary schools would need…

Lewis, Anne C.

2004-01-01

463

Career and Technical Education. Secondary Programs, 2004-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information relating to secondary occupational career and technical education program enrollments within Pennsylvania's public secondary schools. For school year 2004-05, Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) used the Career and Technical Education Information System (CATS) to collect individual student enrollment…

Simchock, Stephen, Comp.

2006-01-01

464

A National Educational Cultural Reform Model: Professionalizing the Principalship to Reform a Nation's Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalizing processes in education are reflected in conceptions of "policy borrowing" and knowledge transfer. These processes tend to be associated with the notion of "developed" and "undeveloped" countries. The idea of a direct-line transfer may be limited in that each nation has developed a culture and numerous subcultures over long periods,…

Korem, Andrej; Shapiro, Arthur

2006-01-01

465

Draft Report. Montana Commission on Post-Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Montana Commission on Post Secondary Education was directed to make a detailed and thorough study of postsecondary education in the state. This draft report concerns goals, educational policies, governance, planning, financing, institutions and their missions, health care education, Native Americans and postsecondary education, and…

Montana Commission on Post-Secondary Education, Helena.

466

To Whose Drummer Does Education March?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1975 California Commission for Reform of Intermediate and Secondary Education (RISE) report and the 1983 National Commission on Excellence in Education report (A Nation at Risk) demonstrate the polarized nature of secondary education reform. Reformers should look at the broader views of Ernest L. Boyer and Theodore Sizer to avoid this…

Webster, William E.

1985-01-01

467

Patriotic Education in Russia: Stylistic Move or a Sign of Substantive Counter-Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent times, few aspects of moral education have drawn the attention of Russian officials as has patriotic education. The new steps in patriotic education demonstrate the revival of the policy of State Patriotism that had been challenged for a short period at the beginning of educational reforms in the 1990s. The revitalization of…

Rapoport, Anatoli

2009-01-01

468

Raising Quality, Fostering "Creativity": Ideologies and Practices of Education Reform in Beijing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critics of education in China call for increasing students' "creativity" as key to improving the nation's education. This article examines the idea of children's "creativity" in Beijing, associated with an education reform movement called "Education for Quality." On the basis of ethnographic research in three elementary schools in Beijing, I argue…

Woronov, T. E.

2008-01-01

469

Qualitative Advances of China's Basic Education since Reform and Opening up: A Brief Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Basic education is universal education, which aims to improve the basic quality of a nation's people. In the three decades since reform and opening up, earth-shaking changes have taken place in the quality of China's basic education. This article describes the path of development and changes in China's basic education over the past thirty years…

Tao, Xin; Chunhua, Kang

2012-01-01

470

The Responsibilities of Citizen Policymakers and the Place of Public Opinion in Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the role of serving the public interest and how that relates to education. The document provides specific examples of how education reform efforts in Massachusetts often were couched in such vague terms as to be ineffective in establishing educational standards. The paper discusses how politics influences educational policy…

Delattre, Edwin J.

471

Will Glasnost Lead to Perestroika? Directions of Educational Reform in the USSR.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the impact of glasnost and perestroika on Soviet educational reform. Reviews trends in the following areas: (1) the form and content of education; (2) the role of teachers; (3) the structure and mission of educational research; and (4) the effects of political movements on the educational system. (FMW)|

Kerr, Stephen T.

1990-01-01

472

Reforms and Challenges in the Era of Inclusive Education: The Case of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article, written by Meng Deng of Beijing Normal University and Kim Fong Poon-McBrayer of the Hong Kong Institute of Education, reviews and analyses the reform of special education in China, the challenges confronting Chinese special education provisions, and how the Chinese inclusive education model, namely "Learning in Regular Classrooms",…

Deng, Meng; Poon-McBrayer, Kim Fong

2012-01-01

473

The implementation of entrepreneurship education through curriculum reform in Finnish comprehensive schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

How has entrepreneurship education been implemented in Finnish comprehensive schools. A two?part survey was undertaken in 43 municipalities with different educational and socio?economic backgrounds. The first part, in 2005, dealt with the local curriculum reform with a focus on the development of entrepreneurship education. The second part, in 2006, dealt with the implementation of entrepreneurship education. Questionnaires were sent to

2011-01-01

474

Struggling for Educational Equity in Diverse Communities: School Reform as Social Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that those seekingequity-focused educational reform have much tolearn from social movements and grassrootspolitical organizing. We explore how theknowledge, skills, strategies, and passionatenarratives emanating from suchnon-institutional change efforts can shed light onthe difficulty of equity-focused educationreform and provide equity reformers with anexpanded repertoire of change strategies. Wepursue our analysis using an ``exemplary'' caseof reform at Wilson High School.

Jeannie Oakes; Martin Lipton

2002-01-01

475

Regulatory Autonomy and Performance: The Reform of Higher Education Re-Visited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this article is to contribute to the understanding of organizational autonomy and control in higher education reform and related expectations as regards the performance of universities. Our analyses draws on principal-agent models as a normative theory of policy reform, and institutionalist approaches in public policy and…

Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry; Weyer, Elke

2013-01-01

476

Professional development and reform in science education: The role of teachers' practical knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, professional development in the context of the current reforms in science education is discussed from the perspective of developing teachers' practical knowledge. It is argued that reform efforts in the past have often been unsuccessful because they failed to take teachers' existing knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes into account. Teachers' practical knowledge is conceptualized as action-oriented and person-bound.

Jan H. van Driel; Douwe Beijaard; Nico Verloop

2001-01-01

477

Regulatory Autonomy and Performance: The Reform of Higher Education Re-Visited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main aim of this article is to contribute to the understanding of organizational autonomy and control in higher education reform and related expectations as regards the performance of universities. Our analyses draws on principal-agent models as a normative theory of policy reform, and institutionalist approaches in public policy and…

Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry; Weyer, Elke

2013-01-01

478

Education Reform in New York City: Ambitious Change in the Nation's Most Complex School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in an accessible style by highly respected scholars, the papers in this volume document and analyze particular components of the Children First reforms, including governance, community engagement, finance, accountability, and instruction. The education reforms in New York City's public schools begun under the administration of Mayor…

O'Day, Jennifer A., Ed.; Bitter, Catherine S., Ed.; Gomez, Louis M., Ed.

2011-01-01

479

Standards and Student Outcomes: Lessons from the "First Wave" of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes education reforms over the past 25 years, considering the consequences of earlier state-level standards. Most states introduced stricter, state-level standards for high school graduation in response to highly publicized concerns about student effort and public school quality. The key first wave of reforms consisted of a…

Dee, Thomas S.

480

The Fate of New Funding: Evidence from Massachusetts' Education Finance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, the state of Massachusetts implemented comprehensive reforms that included increased state aid to local school districts. This study presents empirical evidence on whether these reforms actually increased educational spending and, if so, in what functional areas. These evaluations are based on relatively detailed annual financial data…

Dee, Thomas S.; Levine, Jeffrey

2004-01-01

481

Council of Medical Specialty Societies: Committed to Continuing Medical Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS) recognizes the need for continuing medical education (CME) reform and intends to be actively engaged in that process. While recognizing that CME reform must involve many organizations, the CMSS and particularly the 23 societies that make up the CMSS are in a position to affect many of the needed…

McDonald, Walter J.

2005-01-01

482

Curriculum Differentiation and Comprehensive School Reform: Challenges in Providing Educational Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the efforts of comprehensive school reform to improve the quality of educational opportunities for students by providing a standards based curriculum, this analysis examines the issue of tracking and its implications regarding curriculum differentiation. Using data from middle schools involved with the comprehensive school reform model, America’s Choice, this mixed method analysis shows a complex manifestation of curriculum differentiation

Donna Marie Harris

2011-01-01

483

Teachers' perceptions and use of a large-scale science education reform initiative for middle schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform efforts in science education have been increasing over the past decade. This quantitative design study explored middle school teachers' perceptions and attitudes about one such reform effort. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered from teachers and their classrooms. The population consisted of all of the middle school science teachers who had completed at least one two-week session of professional

Carolyn Sue Pistorius

2006-01-01

484

Debates on the Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Teachers' Challenges in China: The Case of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…

Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing

2012-01-01

485

Effects of the 1994 Tax Reform on Intraprovincial Inequalities in Financing Basic Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the influence of the 1994 tax reform on intraprovincial inequality in financing basic education. The empirical analysis finds that the reform has decreased inequality in general, suggesting that the center may attain its policy goal through centralizing its relative fiscal capability and increasing the intergovernmental…

Lin, Tingjin

2009-01-01

486

Urban Educators' Perceptions of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and School Reform Mandates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we examine urban teachers' perceptions of school reform models (SRMs) and culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP). In particular, we examined how urban educators altered mandated reform models in the best interests of their culturally and linguistically diverse students. We discuss data from a phenomenological study, which included…

Esposito, Jennifer; Davis, Corrie L.; Swain, Ayanna N.

2012-01-01

487

Integrating biodefense topics into secondary education curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns about threats posed by microorganisms found in nature are compounded with the possibility for intentional dissemination. Our vulnerability has increased due to more frequent travel between geographical regions, newly emerging pathogens, changes in terrorist activities, and advances in biotechnology. To increase awareness and global preparedness for threats posed by biological agents, educators need to have access to training and materials to educate the next generation in these issues. To assess what approach would provide educators with the tools necessary to incorporate biodefense related content into their current curricula, secondary education science teachers were surveyed about factors limiting the content of curricula presented in their courses. Results indicate that the most influential barriers to curricula change are time limitations and state mandated exam pressures. Analysis measuring differences in survey responses between two groups of teachers who are separated based on their level of using mandated state objectives to guide their curricula planning indicates that pressures of state mandated exam scores and a general fear of unsuccessful results are determinants for separating teachers into one of these two groups. A teacher training workshop conducive to supporting curricula change was held with the goal of increasing awareness of current threats posed by biological agents and modern biodefense strategies. The workshop was also designed to assist participants in overcoming barriers challenging their ability to incorporate new content into curricula. Participant responses to a post-workshop survey were favorable for measurements of the workshop effectiveness towards diminishing barriers to teacher initiated curricula changes. Respondents reported increased understanding of modern biology, increased realization of the importance of updating curricula with modern knowledge, and increased likeliness of incorporating content from the workshop into current curriculum.

Dalfrey, Karen E.

488

The Stone Trumpet: A Story of Practical School Reform, 1960-1990. SUNY Series, Democracy and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most radical and fundamental school reform of all was the creation of the free and universal system of public education in the United States, but there has been a plethora of reform efforts since. This book reviews the history of over 30 reforms since 1960, remarking on how ideas have influenced educational practice and commenting on how poor…

Gibboney, Richard A.

489

Interest Group Influences in Advancing and Inhibiting Educational Finance Reform: The Politics of Equity in Vermont's Act 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes educational-finance reform in Vermont, which culminated in the passage of Act 60, a comprehensive education and tax reform measure, and the subsequent political furor the act engendered. It outlines the pre-reform background focusing on early civil-society organizations and the unique political landscape in Vermont. The article…

Mathis, William J.

490

From Agitating in the Streets to Implementing in the Suites: Understanding Education Policy Reforms Initiated by Local Advocates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community organizing for education reform continues to expand across U.S. cities, and this article provides a framework for understanding how grassroots advocacy organizations influence local education policy. Comparing two landmark policy reforms achieved by advocates in California, we analyze the complicated role advocates have in reform that…

Newman, Anne; Deschenes, Sarah; Hopkins, Kathryn

2012-01-01

491

Medical education worldwide. A global strategy for medical education: partners in reform.  

PubMed

The on rush of beneficial change which now flows in medical education has never been stronger since the start of this century. Such activity has not been seen since the era of Flexner. There can be no doubt that the world scene is now set for decisive, effective action. The many tributaries of the stream of reform converge this year at Edinburgh, to diverge again into six Regional Conferences during 1994 in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, Europe, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. The centres of activity and connection cited below do not in any way make up a comprehensive catalogue. Rather, each development and each reform is a link in a chain, a module with which the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) has been implicated. Each name given, each title stated, is intended as a marker, a nexus. These are among the partners to be mobilized and brought together for the task. PMID:8208141

Walton, H

1993-09-01

492

Culture and Fashion in Reform Implementation: Perceptions and Adaptation of Management Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how two government-initiated reforms, result-oriented planning and quality assessment, were perceived by 43 department heads and faculty at Norwegian colleges and universities. While result-oriented planning was perceived as an unnecessary reform, causing high tension and having only symbolic effects, quality assessment was seen as…

Stensaker, Bjorn

1998-01-01

493

Curriculum Reform in Post-Soviet Armenia: Balancing Local and Global Contexts in Armenian Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structured according to the conceptual frameworks of nationalism and globalization, this study examined relationships between and among the Armenian Ministry of Education, the World Bank, the Open Society Institute Assistance Foundation -Armenia, and Armenian secondary school teachers and principals from 1991 to the present. Each group played a central role, developing and implementing the Armenian National Curriculum and State Standard

Shelley Marie Terzian

2010-01-01

494

Technology's Role in Education Reform: Findings from a National Study of Innovating Schools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Educational reform calls for a shift away from organizing instruction around short blocks of time devoted to lecture or practicing discrete skills in specific academic disciplines toward an emphasis on engaging students in long-term, meaningful projects. ...

K. Olson B. Means J. Ruskus

1995-01-01

495

The Reform of Education in Burundi: Enlightened Theory Faced with Political Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article described the contents of a Reform Report developed by the Ministry of Education in Burundi, Africa and considered their likely implementation in the light of the political upheaval that country has undergone. (Author/RK)

Greenland, J.

1974-01-01

496

Sociopersonal Values and Coexistence Problems in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: The importance of values education in current society continues to be one of the greatest challenges to our Educational System. Its pertinence becomes no less than inexcusable when we speak of education in social values during adolescence, or, during "Educacion Secundaria Obligatoria" ["N.T." Mandatory Secondary Education, that is,…

de la Fuente, Jesus; Peralta, Francisco Javier; Sanchez, Maria Dolores

2006-01-01

497

Secondary Lesson Plans in Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook contains teacher developed lessons to help Utah educators integrate legal education and values education into the overall secondary curriculum. The lessons can also be used by educators in other states. The handbook begins with a discussion of the various teaching methods utilized in the lessons: brainstorming, case studies,…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

498

Science education reform for the 21st century: Analyzing policy imperatives for effective teaching through recruitment, renewal, and retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concern with science education reform and how to achieve it has a long history in our education system. In recent years, national reports have targeted enhancing teaching quality as the number one priority in the list of research-based education reform efforts that will have the most impact on promoting student achievement (U.S. Department of Education, 2000). However, defining the policy

Amy Venning Bordeaux

2002-01-01

499

EDUCATING LAWYERS to Meditate? From Exercises to Epistemology to Ethics: The Contemplative Practice in Law Movement as Legal Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article argues that the contemplative practice in law movement assists in answering the call for reform of legal education and the development of professional identity highlighted by the Carnegie Foundation in its \\

Rhonda V Magee

2010-01-01

500

Project 2061: Systemic reform of K-12 education for science literacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Project 2061 of the American Association for the Advancement of Science is a long-term initiative for systemic reform of K-12 education in science, mathematics, and technology. The project was named after the next return of Halley's comet to envision a future where all Americans are science literate. To fulfill this vision, Project 2061 is developing a coordinated set of reform tools for educators to use in achieving the goals of science literacy.

Harty, Sheila

1993-09-01