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1

Structural reform in secondary school education-tendencies and strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the virtual abolition of the double-track system, secondary school education worldwide has carried a double task: to continue to provide general education for qualified students after they finish elementary schooling and to train mid-level professional personnel and technically skilled workers. These will continue to be the tasks of secondary school education until the realization of universalization of higher education.

Zhenye Gao; Mingan Xiong

1988-01-01

2

The effects of an upper secondary education reform on the attainment of immigrant youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The national Norwegian school reform of 1994, which gave students statutory rights to at least 3 years of upper secondary education, had a significant impact on educational attainment among immigrant youth. In particular, we find that the immigrant transition rate from compulsory schooling to completion of the first year of upper secondary education improved significantly from the pre- to the

Christian N. Brinch; Bernt Bratsberg; Oddbjørn Raaum

2012-01-01

3

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Reforming Secondary Science Instruction offers detailed advice for changing your methods of teaching so that students are prepared for life and work. Follow along as your fellow teachers learn about inquiry, implement change strategies, try out innovative instructional materials, build professional learning communities and partnerships, use data from student assessments, and address the needs of linguistically diverse learners. The underlying message, as one author puts it, is "science education reform will not occur by simply adding occasional new activities to your teaching repertoire. Reform requires thought, work, and persistence." Every chapter offers you the opportunity to assess your own teaching techniques and find room for improvement. Whether you are early in your career or a seasoned professional, Reforming Secondary Science Instruction will help you craft a workable plan for giving your students the tools they need to succeed beyond your classroom.

2009-02-15

4

Reconceptualised life skills in secondary education in the African context: Lessons learnt from reforms in Ghana  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an emphasis on developing specific technical vocational skills considered essential for employability or self-employment. Using Ghana as an example, this paper shows how secondary education curriculum reformers recommended shifts that embraced a new interpretation of life skills focused on 21st-century skills. This gradual move also reflected the difficulty that secondary education in general has had in networking with the world of work to provide work experience that would lead to the development of work-related skills and enhance employability. The author's main argument is that although the reconceptualisation of life skills in secondary education to reflect 21st-century skills is a welcome shift in the African context, this needs to be accompanied by reforms in teacher education. Classroom teaching and learning need to be adapted in a fundamental way in order to ensure that youth fully benefit from the inclusion of 21st-century life skills in secondary education curricula. Such reforms must include pedagogical practices which nurture communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking skills.

Akyeampong, Kwame

2014-04-01

5

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private tutoring.…

Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

6

Democratization of Secondary Education in Malaysia: Emerging Problems and Challenges of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The democratization of education in Malaysia has come a long way since the early 1960s. In the early 1990s, the government decided to democratize secondary education in order to widen formal access to secondary education, especially at the upper secondary level. It is the contention of this paper that the widening of formal access to education may…

Sua, Tan Yao

2012-01-01

7

Aligning Transition Services with Secondary Educational Reform: A Position Statement of the Division on Career Development and Transition  

PubMed Central

Society has witnessed significant improvements in the lives of students receiving transition services over the past 30 years. The field of transition has developed an array of evidence-based interventions and promising practices, however, secondary school reform efforts have often overlooked these approaches for youth without disabilities. If we are to see improvements in postsecondary outcomes for all youth, reform efforts must begin with active participation of both general and special educators and critical home, school, and community stakeholders. In the Division on Career Development for Exceptional Individuals’ position paper, we discuss the evolution of transition in light of reform efforts in secondary education. We review and identify secondary educational initiatives that embrace transition principles. Finally, recommendations are provided for advancing alignment of transition services with secondary education reforms. PMID:25221733

Morningstar, Mary E.; Bassett, Diane S.; Cashman, Joanne; Kochhar-Bryant, Carol; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2014-01-01

8

Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational

Franklin, Barry M.

2012-01-01

9

Educational Reform and Technical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Even though educational reform marches under a banner of economic renewal, the school subjects that appear to be most directly related to worker productivity-- business education, vocational education, economics, computers--have received little attention from reformers. The five \\

John H. Bishop

1993-01-01

10

Options in Education, Transcript for April 5, 1976: Review of "The Night Is Dark & I Am Far from Home," The "Voucher" System, and California Early Childhood Education Plan &"Reform for Intermediate & Secondary Education" Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Options in Education" is a radio news program which focuses on issues and developments in education. This transcript contains discussions of Jonathon Kozol's book "The Night Is Dark and I Am Far from Home," the voucher system in education, and California's early education plan and "Reform for Intermediate and Secondary Education" report.…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

11

Educational Reform and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform

Milne, Ann M., Ed.

12

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

13

Reconceptualised Life Skills in Secondary Education in the African Context: Lessons Learnt from Reforms in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an…

Akyeampong, Kwame

2014-01-01

14

Educational outcomes, policy reform and cultural capital in Italian secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Italy’s poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary schooling, combining high levels of track differentiation with a comparatively

John Polesel

2010-01-01

15

Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

De Lisle, Jerome

2012-01-01

16

Russia: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

17

Hungary: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

18

Romania: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

19

Poland: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

20

Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

21

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

22

Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Challenge of Growth and Reform. Sustainable Development Department Technical Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper synthesizes the issues, problems, research, and current best practice in secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Overall, Latin America and the Caribbean enroll much lower percentages of school age children in secondary education than the region's chief competitors, and the region's secondary education is inadequate by…

Wolff, Laurence; Castro, Claudio de Moura

23

Setting Things Right? Swedish Upper Secondary School Reform in a 40-Year Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…

Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda

2010-01-01

24

Educational Reform: Who Benefits?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses Blau and Scott concept of "cui bono" to describe who has benefited from 1990 Kentucky Education Reform Act. In eyes of legislators, everyone would benefit, and the economically depressed state would prosper. As implementation of KERA progresses, it is becoming increasingly clear that mandated changes may be structural and may benefit system…

Steffy, Betty E.

1994-01-01

25

Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

Qi, Jie

2009-01-01

26

Incongruence in Scoring Practices of Answer Scripts and Their Implications: Need for Urgent Examination Reforms in Secondary Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the strengthening momentum in efforts to reforms in examinations in higher education of India and Kerala in particular, and holding that teacher education is in privileged position to initiate examination reforms in higher education by virtue of its link with both school education and the higher education, this paper focuses attention…

Gafoor, K. Abdul; Farooque, T. K. Umer

2014-01-01

27

Emotional intelligence and educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This reform aims primarily on the maximization of performance

Lefkios Neophytou

2012-01-01

28

Teacher Education Reforms in Albania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on insights from Albanian teacher educators and government representatives, this paper examines processes of change and types of reform (modernization, structural, and systemic reform) in Albania. It also discusses the initial implementation of one of the reforms, which was directed at the balance and role of school experiences, analyzing…

Whitehead, Joan

2000-01-01

29

Aggressive Behaviour Among Swazi Upper Primary and Junior Secondary Students: Implications For Ongoing Educational Reforms Concerning Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Swaziland is planning to introduce inclusive education as part of education for all. The innovation may benefit learners with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD). A purposive teacher sample (N = 47) was used to generate and identify behavioural problems that are prevalent in Swazi schools. Aggression was one of the many conduct disorders…

Mundia, Lawrence

2006-01-01

30

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

31

Overview: Diversity and Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an introduction to a 1992 symposium of educators, administrators, researchers, and legislators concerned with the education of minority students, this paper reviews the overriding issues related to diversity and American education reform in the context of Goal 3 of the National Education Goals. Framed in a context of economic uncertainty,…

Christian, Donna

32

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

33

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural

J. J. Lagowski

1995-01-01

34

Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and…

Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

1999-01-01

35

Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

Hamano, Takashi

2008-01-01

36

75 FR 28740 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education: Overview Information; Teacher Incentive Fund...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Elementary and Secondary Education: Overview Information; Teacher Incentive...priorities and are aligned with other key education reform goals of the Department....

2010-05-21

37

Quantum Leap: Vocational Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent technological advances, especially in computers and telecommunications, and their impact on the workplace. Highlights the need for educational reform in vocational/technical programs reflecting a systems-oriented approach rooted in the sciences. Discusses the future role of the private sector in education. (HB)

Groves, Cecil L.

1985-01-01

38

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Re

2009-06-17

39

Professional Development Design: Embedding Educational Reform in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher professional development variously supports ongoing skill development, new knowledge, and systems change. In New Zealand, the implementation of major assessment reforms in senior secondary schools provided opportunity to investigate teacher professional development as a function of the particular stage of an educational reform.…

Starkey, Louise; Yates, Anne; Meyer, Luanna H.; Hall, Cedric; Taylor, Mike; Stevens, Susan; Toia, Rawiri

2009-01-01

40

Reforms to Funding Education in Four Canadian Provinces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an analysis of the features, determinants, and effects of a series of reforms to funding the primary and secondary education systems in Alberta, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba during the past two decades. The principal focus is on the reforms that have shifted the authority for setting property tax mill rates for…

Garcea, Joseph

2014-01-01

41

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

42

The Rise and Decline of Comprehensive Education: Key Factors in the History of Reformed Secondary Education in Belgium, 1969-1989  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In answer to economic needs and social demands, a structural innovation was introduced in secondary education in most West European countries, mainly in the 1960s. Contrary to the traditional schools, organized in vertical categories, the so-called comprehensive schools brought together all branches in one school. There was protest against this…

Henkens, Bregt

2004-01-01

43

Reformation and Resistance in American Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Nurses' Association's "First Position on Nursing" (1965), one instance of attempted reformation in American nursing education, recommends that nursing education should take place in institutions of higher education. Failures of this suggested reform seem to relate directly to the reform's incongruence with the continued or increased…

Miller, Lucy Heim

44

Education Reform: A Managerial Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform has wrongly focused on teacher motivation and rewards, when the organizational system itself is at fault. Research shows that effective school management hinges on increased individual discretion and decision-making opportunities for teachers and less controlling behavior by administrators. Ten characteristics of effective…

Bacharach, Samuel B.; Conley, Sharon C.

1986-01-01

45

Education Reforms in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Malaysia's agenda in the late 1990s involved making the transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge-based economy. Thus, the more traditional purpose of education, that is, to produce an educated person, needs to be reevaluated. If the nation's Vision 2020 is to become a reality, the educational program needs to make a fundamental shift…

Yunus, Aida Suraya Muhammad

46

Social scientists prompt educational reforms 2  

E-print Network

Social scientists prompt educational reforms 2 Museum exhibit project 3 On the BookShelf 3 of the 1998 national curricula reforms. For Takehiko Kariya, a professor at the University of Tokyo's Graduate School of Education and one of the reforms' most vocal critics, this shift confirmed what his and other

Shahriar, Selim

47

Reforms in Science Education, K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As powerful as the compelling reasons for reform in science education are, there is also uncertainty about where this reform may lead. This special issue focuses on reform in K-12 science education. The 23 articles in this book are placed in the following sections: (1) In this issue, (2) Project 2061, (3) The Scope, Sequence and Coordination…

School of Education Review, 1993

1993-01-01

48

Utah's Educational Reform Programs, 1991-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 1983, the Utah Education Reform Steering Committee issued the report "Education in Utah: A Call to Action." To meet Utah's double challenge of rapid growth and quality enhancement, the report stated that Utah needed to: (1) increase the allocation of financial resources to education; (2) demand reforms in many aspects of education; and…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

49

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

Giles, Corrie

2008-01-01

50

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators\\u000a since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of\\u000a globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their capacity for innovative self-renewal.\\u000a Yet, much

Corrie Giles

2008-01-01

51

Leadership, Responsibility, and Reform in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regards leadership as central to the success of the reform movement in science education. Defines leadership and introduces a model of leadership modified from the one developed by Edwin Locke and his associates. Provides an overview of the essential qualities of leadership occurring in science education. Discusses reforming science education and…

Bybee, Rodger W.

1993-01-01

52

Education Sector Reform: The Ugandan Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998 the Government of Uganda (GoU) began implementing an ambitious reform programme called the Education Strategic Investment Plan (ESIP) in order to effect Universal Primary Education (UPE). This paper offers a perspective on how the GoU has met the challenge of financing education reform, addressed the need to improve the quality of basic…

Penny, Alan; Ward, Michael; Read, Tony; Bines, Hazel

2008-01-01

53

Educational reform, ability and family background  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we evaluate the impact of a major school reform, that took place in the 1950s in Sweden, on educational attainment and earnings. The reform, which has many common elements with reforms in other European countries including the UK, consisted of increasing compulsor schooling, imposing a national curriculum and abolishing selectionby ability into Academic and non-academic streams at

Costas Meghir; Mårten Palme

2004-01-01

54

Reforming Primary and Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: An IDB Strategy. Sustainable Development Department Sector Strategy and Policy Papers Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes what is known about educational improvement in Latin America and provides objectives and strategies to guide the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in supporting primary and secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean over the next decade. It is based on six background papers as well as a review of the lessons…

Castro, Claudio de Moura; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Wolff, Laurence; Carnoy, Martin

55

Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

2007-01-01

56

Education Reform and Career Education--Deja Vu.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current outcry for educational reform raises issues that have already long concerned career education. This situation gives career educators the opportunity to provide leadership in attaining common educational goals. (JB)

Stock, Barbara

1984-01-01

57

Emerging Issues in Educational Reform in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the demand-supply continuum to look at emerging reforms in the Japanese educational system. Data from fieldwork in major urban districts and their prefectures in Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo highlight demand-driven reform (higher education restructuring), integrated governance (mediating demand and supply at the K-12 levels), and ongoing…

Wong, Kenneth K.

2003-01-01

58

The Rise & Stall of Teacher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report characterizes the decade 1985-1995 as a series of false starts in reform of teacher education in the United States. The main purpose of the report is to raise the question of whether the next decade of reform will be any different. Chapter 1 presents the problem: the need to do something about teacher education is reaching crisis…

Fullan, Michael; Galluzzo, Gary; Morris, Patricia; Watson, Nancy

59

Educational Change and the "Khalwa" in the Sudan: Reform Reformed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Sudan's New Educational Policy, a top-down educational reform plan promulgated by the Nimeiri Government during 1970-85. The plan attempted to increase enrollments dramatically and change a colonial British curriculum to a modern, authentically Sudanese curriculum. Fortunately, the plan ignored the Khalawi, alternative institutions that…

Lynch, Patrick D.; And Others

1992-01-01

60

Education Reform: Ten Years after the Massachusetts Education Reform Act of 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 1993, Governor William Weld signed into law the Massachusetts Education Reform Act (MERA). MERA greatly increased the state role both in funding public education and in guiding the local educational process. The state’s role changed to incorporate setting curriculum frameworks and holding schools accountable for student performance. Because MERA was designed to be a systemic reform of education,

2005-01-01

61

Curriculum Reform and the Displacement of Knowledge in Peruvian Rural Secondary Schools: Exploring the Unintended Local Consequences of Global Education Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws attention to processes of policy implementation in developing contexts, and to the unintended consequences of education policies that follow international policy scripts without enough consideration of local histories and cultures. Drawing on a study of teaching practices in Peruvian rural secondary schools after a period of…

Balarin, Maria; Benavides, Martin

2010-01-01

62

Educational Reform, Values, and Gifted Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six major educational reforms are currently being proposed or are currently being implemented in the United States. These reforms-search for excellence, cooperative learning, middle schools, master teacher certification, site-based management and accountability-rest upon cultural values as much as on educational research, and each carries potential for positive or negative impact on education of gifted students. The positive and negative elements

James J. Gallagher

1991-01-01

63

Educational Reforms and Innovations in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

64

Teacher Education Reform and Challenges in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education in Norway is nationally regulated and is currently undergoing extensive changes. This paper briefly outlines the various education routes for teachers and some of the ongoing work to improve teacher education, but concentrates mainly on the reform that has come the farthest: initial teacher education for grades 1-7 and grades…

Munthe, Elaine; Malmo, Kari-Anne Svensen; Rogne, Magne

2011-01-01

65

Can We Pay for Current Education Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 30 years, the United States has been engaged in education reform efforts designed to dramatically boost student performance and close achievement gaps linked to poverty and ethnicity. Can schools afford those education ambitions? Most educators have their doubts. The author believes educators can improve student learning even when…

Odden, Allan

2012-01-01

66

Education Reform and Students At Risk. Volume I: Findings and Recommendations. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread attention given to education reform, no substantial knowledge base has existed for identifying and implementing specific effective reforms. This document, the first of three volumes, presents findings of a study that sought to identify the essential mechanics of effective reforms for students at risk. The study also…

Rossi, Robert J.; Stringfield, Samuel C.

67

Student Diversity and Secondary School Change in a Context of Increasingly Standardized Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes three decades of educational reform strategies pertaining to ethnocultural diversity in the United States and Canada and how they affect the efforts of four secondary schools, two in each context, to respond to increasing student diversity. Data include 186 teacher interviews drawn from a large ethnographic study. The article describes the current effects of increasing standardization on

Allison Skerrett; Andy Hargreaves

2008-01-01

68

Secondary Education Graduate Program Manual  

E-print Network

Secondary Teacher Education Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 3 SECTION 2: INTERNSHIP RESOURCES Internship Forms 1Secondary Education Graduate Program Manual 2014-2015 The University of Vermont College it helpful. #12;UVM Secondary Teacher Education Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 2 University of Vermont College

Hayden, Nancy J.

69

The Far Side of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teachers are at the far end of educational reform." Apart from students and parents, they are often the very last to be consulted about and connected to agendas of what changes are needed in education, and of how those changes should be managed. Educational change is something that government departments, venture philanthropists,…

Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

2011-01-01

70

Reforming the Doctorate in Education: Three Conceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors focus on three relatively concrete reform efforts now being implemented in a number of schools of education that took part in the Carnegie Initiative on the Doctorate (CID) study: (1) the establishment of a core of educational courses; (2) significant changes in the preparation of educational researchers; and (3) new…

McCarty, Luise Prior; Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter

2004-01-01

71

Educational Reform in the Soviet Union: Implications for Developing Countries. Staff Working Paper No. 288.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the history and present structure of Soviet education reveals a number of potential lessons for educational planners in developing countries, according to the authors. This report traces the course of Soviet educational reforms from the 1910s to the 1970s in four areas: general (elementary and some secondary) education, vocational…

Blumenthal, Irene; Benson, Charles

72

Reforma Educativa: Proyecto de Reforma Educativa para Francia (Educational Reform: French Educational Reform Proposals).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a Spanish translation of French educational reform proposals and general educational philosophy. Initial remarks in the document concern educational objectives and general aims of the particular educational levels. Different, possible, educational progressions are considered, and the university system is discussed. Teacher…

Langevin, Paul

73

Center for Research and Reform in Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 2004, the Center for Research and Reform in Education (CRRE) works "to improve the quality of education for children in grades pre-K to 12 through its research into program effectiveness." CRRE's work focuses on developing and evaluating alternative approaches to teaching and school organization. On the site, visitors can peruse the organization's Twitter feed, and then browse their very useful magazine, "Better." The magazine is published three times a year, and it offers a "unique international perspective on evidence-based education reform." Visitors can read past issues of the magazine here or explore issues on a range of specific themes, including assessment, struggling readers, policy and practice, and science. Moving on, the site also contains the Center's blog, "Evidence-Based Education Reform," and links to the a Best Evidence Encyclopedia.

74

Educational reforms, cultural clashes and classroom practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional organisational patterns and participation structures of the lessons. Through a systematic analysis of

Xiao Lan Curdt-Christiansen; Rita Elaine Silver

2012-01-01

75

Postsecondary Education Reform in Kentucky. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As governors and states seek to improve the responsiveness of postsecondary education, Kentucky's experience provides a powerful example of a systemic reform strategy. In 1997, Kentucky's governor proposed, and the General Assembly approved, the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act (House Bill 1), which reshaped the state system of public…

Rabuzzi, Daniel A.; Carson, Ron

76

Educational Reforms, Cultural Clashes and Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional…

Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan; Silver, Rita Elaine

2012-01-01

77

Lessons from the Physics Education Reform Movement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides a summary of a survey of pretest and posttest data for 62 introductory physics courses attended by a total of 6542 students. Also included are 14 lessons from the physics education reform effort that may assist in the general upgrading of education and science literacy.

Richard Hake

78

Educational Administration Reform in Kentucky: A Beginning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by the national educational reform movement, a Kentucky committee, mandated by the general assembly, called in 1983 for changes in the preparation and certification of school administrators. This study presents a background of the mandates, details of the certification changes, the board of education's study of administrative preparation…

White, Ernest R.; Lawrence, Paul R.

79

Chinese Kindergarten Education and Its Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present discussion attempts to relate current changes in kindergarten education in China to contemporary political, social, and intellectual reforms. Kindergarten education in China has always reflected the country's social policy as well as its view of the nature of childhood. Currently, in China, more kindergartens exist under more varied…

Spodek, Bernard

80

On the Reform of Russian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "modernization" of Russian education is linked to the functioning of the entire social system of Russia, and reforms are proving difficult and contradictory. The use of the Unified State Examination in Russia, plus participation in the Bologna process, is causing concern about the ability of education to meet the needs of the…

Mironov, V. V.

2013-01-01

81

Systemic Reform: Perspectives on Personalizing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight papers collected here bring to bear a complex set of perspectives on a common problem: how to make education more effective now and in the future. The papers speak to the need to understand education as an individual-driven, learner-centered activity. Following Ronald J. Anson's introduction called "Personalizing Systemic Reform," the…

Anson, Ronald J., Ed.

82

Educational Reforms that Foster Ecological Intelligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are powerful forces of resistance that must be acknowledged when introducing educational reforms that foster ecological intelligence. The foremost source of resistance is the paradigm gap that now separates generations. That is, the vast majority of university professors, classroom teachers--and thus the general public that has been educated

Bowers, C. A.

2010-01-01

83

Refocusing medical education reform: beyond the how.  

PubMed

Integration of the basic and clinical sciences has been at the heart of medical education reform efforts for nearly a century. Neither the rate nor magnitude of actual progress suggests that reform is anywhere near completion, which presents a challenge to educators to seek ways to overcome significant obstacles to change. Robin Hopkins and colleagues, authors of the Perspective in this issue of Academic Medicine that has prompted this invited Commentary, are among those proposing interesting and useful answers to why integration has not been better achieved. This Commentary affirms the importance of finding better ways to accomplish curricular reform, while contending that real curricular reform must move well beyond the integration of basic and clinical sciences. Drawing from the 2014 report of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Commission to Build a Healthier America, the authors cite evidence of significant disparities and growing health challenges facing Americans today. They discuss three key recommendations from the report: attending to early childhood experiences, providing healthy choices within communities, and, particularly, rethinking the education of health professionals. Next, the authors detail the implications of these recommendations for medical education, stressing both the urgency and importance of moving to adopt these as directions for real reform that will address today's health care challenges. PMID:25140530

Salmon, Marla; Williams, David; Rhee, Kyu

2015-02-01

84

Traversing the educational ladder: Perspectives on science curriculum reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this interpretive study was to unravel some of the complexity of science curriculum reform by tracing the natural history of the initiation of planned change viewed from the perspectives of practitioners and policymakers. The study captures the experiences, beliefs, and perceptions of key stakeholders in one school district in Texas and in the state education agency as they encounter, negotiate, and work with a radically different approach to the secondary science curriculum. Incorporating ideas from national reform efforts, such as Project 2061 and Scope, Sequence, and Coordination of Secondary School Science, the new approach called Coordinated Thematic Science (CTS) would offer a four-year course of study in grades seven through ten, integrating the major science disciplines with a thematic approach. Three sources of data were collected, described, and analyzed in the study: in-depth interviews, document analyses, and field notes. Nine factors related to the initiation and implementation of change, derived inductively from the data, were identified and described for each of the participants from the different stakeholder groups studied. These groups included middle school science teachers, high school science teachers, middle school principals, district office staff members, and state education agency staff members. Results are presented both in the form of descriptive text and in data displays constructed around the nine key factors for each stakeholder group. The results are interpreted against the historical account of the origins and development of CTS and related to the literature on educational change. Stakeholder perspectives on the reform were complex and often idiosyncratic. Two factors, belief that the curriculum needs to be reformed and beliefs about the effects of the proposed reform on students, showed the widest variations in perceptions across the five stakeholder groups. Teachers' personal concerns about their science backgrounds, lack of information about the new approach, and lack of communication within and across schools posed serious barriers to the success of the reform. The fact that there were widely different perceptions among stakeholders in a single district poses challenges both to curriculum reform in science and to the idea of systemic reform in education.

Salyer, Barbara Ann

1998-12-01

85

Misrecognition and Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-01-01

86

Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

87

Reform and reaction: creating new education and training structures in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite concerns regarding Italy’s high levels of early school?leaving, regional differences in educational outcomes and persistent inequalities, efforts to reform the country’s complex system of senior secondary schooling have been repeatedly frustrated. Regarded by the left as contributing to the reproduction of social inequalities, Italy’s dual?track system of academic and vocational secondary schools has been the focus of many reform

John Polesel

2006-01-01

88

Education Reform Sparks Teacher Protest in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current tumult in the Mexican education arena has deep roots in politics and tradition, but it is latter-day global competition and international measures of student performance that are driving reform efforts. Teacher strikes and demonstrations are not new in Mexico, but issues raised by today's protesting teachers represent a…

Levinson, Bradley A.

2014-01-01

89

Vocational Education and Training Reform in Bulgaria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on Bulgaria. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET, and legislative…

European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

90

Vocational Education and Training Reform in Hungary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on vocational education and training (VET) in Hungary consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on Hungary. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET, and legislative…

European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

91

Vocational Education and Training Reform in Slovenia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on vocational education and training (VET) in Slovenia consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET, and legislative…

European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

92

Districts as Institutional Actors in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Intermittent attention to the district as the unit of study has left a void in our understanding of the complexities associated with the ability of district-level leaders to contribute to successful, systemic educational reform. In this article, the authors address this void by providing a narrative synthesis of previous findings,…

Rorrer, Andrea K.; Skrla, Linda; Scheurich, James Joseph

2008-01-01

93

Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education

Pemberton, Janette E.

94

Political Transformations and Higher Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bologna process is a comprehensive concept for European higher education reforms of the 20th and 21st centuries. However, it means something else in Central European countries than it does in the rest of Europe. It has been combined in Central Europe with a major social change referred to as the "political transformation" (Johnson 1996).…

Kozma, Tamas

2008-01-01

95

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

96

Professional development: a key to Kentucky's educational reform effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its essential role in educational reform, professional development typically does not receive adequate support in systemic reform efforts. This article presents an exception—a state that incorporated professional development as a central priority in its reform effort and four schools that used state resources to build their capacity for enacting the reform agenda. We describe central features of Kentucky's approach

Hilda Borko; Rebekah Elliott; Kay Uchiyama

2002-01-01

97

International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 4, Educational Reform in International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National educational reform must be interpreted from a broader sociopolitical vantage point. Following the introduction, "The Change Process and Educational Reform" by Val D. Rust, the four papers in part 1 are devoted primarily to conceptual issues related to educational reform. They include: (1) "Problems of Educational Reforms in a Changing…

Rust, Val D., Ed.; Yogev, Abraham, Ed.

98

Reforming Doctoral Education in Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doctoral education in Europe has been undergoing a major transformation in the last decade. This transformation has occurred in response to several challenges: the changing nature of the labor market in the globalized economy; the European Union's common agenda in research and education, which seeks to make Europe the most competitive…

Bitusikova, Alexandra

2009-01-01

99

Music Education, Reformative and Aestheticization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the phenomena of performativity and aestheticization and their implications for education. The forces of performativity pose a threat to music and the other arts, even though some advocators try to justify music education by appealing to their alleged performative results. At first sight, aestheticization seems to accord much…

Koopman, Constantijn

2005-01-01

100

Assessing Educational Reform: Illinois Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a study of Illinois' educational evaluation process, in which external evaluators conduct the evaluation, are presented in this paper. Methodology involved analysis by State Board of Education staff of requests for proposals (RFPs); these were mailed to 121 potential bidders for external evaluation. Bidders included universities,…

Wise, Connie; Ramirez, Al

101

Teacher training reforms in Indonesian secondary science: The importance of practical work in physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science teaching in Indonesia has undergone major reforms since independence. We examine the role of practical activities in secondary science from an international perspective and contrast this to a developing country perspective, identifying a number of constraints limiting the implementation of practical work. In examining major curriculum and teacher training reforms in Indonesia, continuing influences on science education from industrialized countries are acknowledged; however, unlike many other developing countries, Indonesia has essentially implemented curriculum and teacher training reforms using a pool of overseas trained senior teachers and locally trained personnel. A number of research studies on physics practical work in Indonesia are described, and the benefits and constraints of implementing practical work in physics classrooms are discussed.

Thair, Micheal; Treagust, David

2005-11-28

102

School Accountability Reforms and the Use of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the relationship between Norwegian school reform implementation and the use of special education. After the introduction of the national reform programme called the "Kunnskapsloftet" ("Knowledge promotion") in 2006, the use of special education has increased dramatically in Norway. As part of the national reform, municipalities…

Iversen, Jon Marius Vaag

2013-01-01

103

Swedish Educational Policy and Reforms--Intention versus Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Swedish school reform since the 1970s has involved a shift in policy and underlying values throughout the entire implementation process. Educational reform has broken into loosely connected fragments with relevant reform makers at all educational levels. Despite a newly decentralized process, observed changes are not really structural. Includes…

Odin, Bjorn

1987-01-01

104

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

105

Teacher Educators and Indigenous Language Rights Reform in Southern Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nations throughout the world have increasingly looked at teacher education policy as a vehicle for reform of both the educational system and the society at large, and teacher quality is often positively associated with the quality of the overall educational system. Although such reforms often target pre-service teacher education, little is known…

Tanner, Paul Edward

2012-01-01

106

Making education reform happen: is there an ‘Asian’ way?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main questions: What have been the main obstacles to education

Philip Hallinger

2010-01-01

107

Engaging Stakeholders in Productive Meetings to Reform Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents suggestions for leaders in science education to assist in developing effective stakeholder groups contributing to the reform in science education. In this political climate initiatives to reform science teacher education and science education for students K-16 are expected to involve stakeholders from a variety of sectors in…

Spector, Barbara; Greely, Teresa; Kingsley, Gordon

2004-01-01

108

Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured interviews…

Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

2012-01-01

109

Education, Neoliberalism and the Consumer Citizen: After the Golden Age of Egalitarian Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I attempt to explore the implications for education policy arising from aspects of Third Way political thought and its troubled relation to neoliberalism. In particular, the implications for equality arising from Third Way reforms to secondary education are considered. The limits of contestation that mark out the centre ground of UK…

Doherty, Robert A.

2007-01-01

110

Reforming Higher Education in Hong Kong towards Post-Massification: The First Decade and Challenges Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reforming Hong Kong's higher education sector commenced in 2001, and the system moved into the post-massification era. Within five years, the post-secondary participation rate for the 17-20 age cohort had increased to 66 per cent. This target was achieved much earlier than the Government had planned. More educational opportunities…

Wan, Calvin

2011-01-01

111

The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

Vavrus, Frances

2009-01-01

112

Understanding Teachers' Will and Capacity to Accomplish Physical Education Curriculum Reform: The Implications for Teacher Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the receptivity of physical education teachers to curriculum reform and their capacity to accomplish the proposed changes. A sample of 145 secondary physical educators with different years of teaching experience was recruited to participate in this study on a voluntary basis. Using both quantitative and…

Ha, Amy S.; Wong, Ada C.; Sum, Raymond K.; Chan, Daniel W.

2008-01-01

113

Secondary Education in Malta: Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maltese islands consist of Malta, Gozo, and Comino and two tiny uninhabited islands, strategically located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. This handbook contains a brief description of secondary education in Malta. Following the introduction, section 1 provides an overview of the mission of the Ministry of Education and Human…

Attard, Paul A.; Buhagiar, Andrew J.

114

Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators

Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

2009-01-01

115

Finnish Higher Education Reforms: Responding to Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international academic success of Finnish secondary schooling in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the triumph of the Finnish technology company NOKIA have stimulated national ambitions to improve higher education institutions in Finland. Because secondary schooling and technology in Finland receive world recognition,…

Tjeldvoll, Arild

2009-01-01

116

Educational Reform Agenda and Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major factors contributing to the crisis in United States education are summarized, including poverty, changes in the American family, child abuse, changes in the ethnic composition of schools, increasing global competition, decline in traditional student performance measures, crisis in mathematics and science, shortages of teachers, shift in the…

Corrigan, Dean C.; Mobley, William H.

117

Urban Education: Progress Toward Renewal and Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Urban Education Studies were motivated by the conviction that in many city school districts there are developments which may become forerunners of fundamental transformations in elementary and secondary education. Several distinctive features were incorporated into the design of the studies, such as concentration on unusually successful…

Chase, Francis S.

118

Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation…

Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

119

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

120

Modeling And Simulation Tools For Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., the Modeling And Simulation Tools for Education Reform (MASTER) provide useful educational tools that help students and teachers learn through observation and modeling activities. The Shodor Foundation worked in tandem with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, George Mason University, and other educational organizations to craft these tools and visitors can access all eight of them here. The Fractal Modeling Tools are a good place to start as visitors can download the required software or take in some instructional materials, such as the interactive fractal microscope and the snowflake fractal generator. Other notable areas here include The Pit and the Pendulum, which offers the work of Edgar Allan Poe as a way to learn about better reading through computation.

121

Co-Teaching in Urban Secondary School Districts to Meet the Needs of All Teachers and Learners: "Implications for Teacher Education Reform"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors address the question: what are skills, knowledge and professional dispositions that U.S. co-teachers need to balance the seemingly competing mandates of NCLB and IDEIA in order to prepare teachers for the classrooms of today and tomorrow? Based on the results of two recent studies that focused on secondary co-teacher…

Cramer, Elizabeth; Liston, Andrea; Nevin, Ann; Thousand, Jacqueline

2010-01-01

122

Make Something Happen. Hispanics and Urban High School Reform. Volume II. Report of the National Commission on Secondary Education for Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second volume of the report of the National Commission on Secondary Schooling for Hispanics. There are three main sections. The first contains a comparative, demographic analysis of the United States Hispanic population, the total United States population, and the White and Black populations. It documents the relative size and growth…

Hispanic Policy Development Project, Inc., New York, NY.

123

China's Higher Education Reform 1998-2003: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profoundly important and unprecedented changes have taken place in China's higher education since 1998, when Zhu Rongji Administration (1998-2003) decided to carry out a new round of educational reform. These changes include some breakthroughs in macro administrative system reform, growth in the total amount of educational expenditure, the…

Lixu, Li

2004-01-01

124

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

125

Law & School Reform: Six Strategies for Promoting Educational Equity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the growing involvement of lawyers in America's public schools in the past half century. It discusses comparatively what leading educators and lawyers believe to be the most important law-driven school reforms and examines these reform efforts from the perspectives of law, education, research, and practice. It also considers…

Heubert, Jay P., Ed.

126

"Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

2011-01-01

127

Current Reform Efforts in Mathematics Education. ERIC/CSMEE Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current reform effort in mathematics education has its roots in the decade of the 1980's and the national reports that focused attention on an impending crisis in education, particularly in mathematics and science. Within this context, dozens of individual reform efforts have been initiated in recent years. Many have focused on the development…

Edwards, Thomas G.

128

Rethinking the Role of Leadership in General Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the importance of leadership in general education reform, using three case studies. We argue that campus leadership that fosters collaboration, trust, and a sense of stewardship among constituents is more likely to be successful in the challenging task of substantially reforming general education curricula.

Gano-Phillips, Susan; Barnett, Robert W.; Kelsch, Anne; Hawthorne, Joan; Mitchell, Nancy D.; Jonson, Jessica

2011-01-01

129

Montana State University 1 Secondary Education  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Secondary Education The Department of Education offers teacher education programs for students seeking teaching careers in specific subject areas for grades five through twelve. General Science Broadfield, Social Studies Broadfield, and Technology Education Broadfield

Maxwell, Bruce D.

130

Two Key Issues in the Deepening of Rural Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that basic education is the greatest weakness in China's education system. Describes recent reforms in Sichuan province with each town council working on individual plans for compulsory education. Suggests new surtax to fund rural education. Suggest practical techniques for local economic development with continuing "post-school education."…

Fu, Zhenghong

1990-01-01

131

The Role of State Departments of Education in Complex School Reform. The Series on School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State departments of education (SDEs) play a pivotal role in the implementation of state-level school reform. This role is examined using two models of statewide school reform in Kentucky and Vermont. How the departments implemented their plans and how such implementation affected the internal dynamics of the departments, as well as the external…

Lusi, Susan Follett

132

The Process of Developing a New Curriculum for Lower Secondary Education in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this article is to present the way in which a proposal was put forward for a national basic curriculum for the lower level of secondary education in Guatemala, within a general curricular reform of the education system. In this process, the International Bureau of Education and UNESCO's national office in the country provided…

Asturias de Barrios, Linda; Arellano, Veronica Merida

2007-01-01

133

Problems of reforming educational systems in post-communist countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main problems of educational reform in post-communist countries are identified, by use of an interactive model of education and developmental dimensions of society. The relation of implicit and explicit educational goals and characteristics of a society is reviewed, and a typology of the relations between political and economic state regulation on the one side, and the structure of educational

Nikola Pastuovic

1993-01-01

134

Decentralization and Structural Change in Secondary Education in Argentina: The Case of the Province of Buenos Aires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, Argentina created and implemented a compulsory lower-secondary education level, within an ambitious educational reform programme. This article addresses the reform at the national level, diverse provincial responses, and the particular way that the powerful province of Buenos Aires appropriated the structural change. The…

Acedo, Clementina; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.; Senen-Gonzalez, Silvia

2007-01-01

135

Educational reform, inequality and the structure of higher education in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon recent neo?Weberian sociology of

Rob Strathdee

2011-01-01

136

Community Organizing as an Education Reform Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community organizing for school reform offers an urgently needed alternative to traditional approaches to school change. Many current reforms fail to thrive due to lack of trust, understanding, or cultural relevance to the community being targeted. The high turnover of reformers (superintendents, principals, or outside organizations) in high-need…

Renee, Michelle; McAlister, Sara

2011-01-01

137

Sparking the Debate over Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author distinguishes between traditional talk and reform talk. These two forms of approaches are often used in discussions concerning reforms in science instruction. Traditional talk focuses on student acquisition of scientific facts, concepts, principles, and skills while reform talk emphasizes that teachers must challenge…

Windschitl, Mark

2006-01-01

138

IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION  

E-print Network

Review Copy IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION: ACTION RESEARCH Education, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, GREECE. Abstract Database design and use has educational interest for utilitarian and learning reasons. Database technology has significant economic impact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

Reforming the Education Program for Physical Science Teachers in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on reforms of the science education program for prospective physical science teachers in Taiwan and examines their impact on these teachers. The reforms include restructuring the courses in physical science methods, and requiring all prospective teachers to do action research during their one-year full-time teaching practice.…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-01-01

140

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reform movement in education appears to focus on the ways in which schools are organized and managed rather than on the interaction that takes place among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. In the process of designing reform to encourage our most promising students and also to meet the needs of at-risk students, we need to examine

Joseph S. Renzulli; Sally M. Reis

1991-01-01

141

The History of Reform in Russian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reform of higher education became the subject of sharp debate and public concern in Russia during the current decade. The controversy still exists even if the reforms had been initiated in the early 1990s. By the mid-1990s, their most painful aspects had already become manifest: severe cuts in state funding; deteriorating working conditions of…

Kaplan, Vera

2007-01-01

142

Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney…

Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

2012-01-01

143

Educational Reform or National Survival: Take Your Pick.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the Holmes and Carnegie reports that call for educational reforms in the teaching profession, this paper argues that the financial support for these future reforms will be diverted to fund the research to combat the emerging national crises that ultimately will threaten national security. Describing the emerging crises in this paper…

Seiter, Carl

144

The Uncertain Character of Recent Educational Reform in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the main education reforms that have taken place in Greece from the 1960s until the present. The author discusses how the direction of these reforms has been influenced not only by "global" pressures for "modernization" but also by the distinctive socio-cultural Greek context. The conclusion stresses that despite the various…

Traianou, Anna

2009-01-01

145

Benchmarking Exponential Growth of Educational Reform: The Sustainability Index  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After decades of reform efforts in public school systems in the United States, there is minimal student achievement progress to measure. This article addresses the ongoing challenges and complexities of the sustainability of educational reform through a review of the literature and the proposal of a Sustainability Index as a metric to benchmark…

Garcia, Ray

2009-01-01

146

Education and the community in the Peruvian educational reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reform of Peruvian education initiated in 1972 was based on new concepts, postulated new policies and proposed to convert the old school system into a new educational system in accordance with the revolutionary process begun in 1968. The principles of permanent education, education in the community and the educating community inspired an ambitious educational model on a national scale, to organise community education nuclei (NECs) of a local dimension, in which a dynamic social education of a participatory and self-managerial character could be created. This process of nuclearisation, which has historical antecedents going back to the social, economic and political organisation of the Incan Empire, and was revived in the twentieth century by the creation of the famous Warisata School in Bolivia, has now undergone nine years of valuable experience in Peru, attempting to develop an efficient alternative to the old school model which originated before the Christian era. The community/education dialectic has suffered a profound change in Peru in the last ten years and the experience, whether of obstacles and limitations, appears to be valuable and irreversible. The non-statist, non-bureaucratic, non-party and non-private solution that was pursued by the Peruvian Revolution in the field of education is very attractive and could interest other countries of the region which, during the last 30 years have applied the nuclearisation model, as well as other countries in Latin America or other regions who have recently either initiated or considered it. This article presents the experience, relates it to its historical antecedents, gives some information on evaluation studies in progress and traces some perspectives or projections for educational nuclearisation.

Malpica, Carlos

1980-09-01

147

Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

148

Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

New, William

2012-01-01

149

The Reform of Education in Romania: Conditions and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document analyzes the Romanian education system since the political changes of 1989. The objectives of the report are: (1) the analysis of the education condition, insisting on the obstructions that prevent the starting of the reform itself; (2) the analysis of the main developments in the educational system in the first three ears of the…

Birzea, Cesar; And Others

150

The Rhetoric of Policy Formation in Cordoba Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore education policies formation during two administrations (1983-1998) in the province of Cordoba, Argentina through the comparison of policy documents. The profound connections of the social, cultural, economic, and educational processes impact of Argentina's educational reforms during the last two decades of…

Olmos, Liliana Esther

2009-01-01

151

Inclusion or Selection? The 14+ Education and Training Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a chronologically presented overview of policy reforms designed to enhance skill levels via education and training for school-age learners attending post-compulsory education institutions. It is argued that the catalyst for the creation of vocational diplomas is economic rather than educationally based, arising from the…

Kitchener, David

2008-01-01

152

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

1991-01-01

153

Jordan Reforms Public Education to Compete in a Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The King of Jordan's vision for education is resulting in innovative projects for the country. King Abdullah II wants Jordan to develop its human resources through public education to equip the workforce with skills for the future. From King Abdullah II's vision, the Education Reform for a Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) project implemented by the…

Erickson, Paul W.

2009-01-01

154

Implementing a Large-Scale Reform in Secondary Schools: The Role of the Consultant within England's Secondary National Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of the consultants in secondary schools and local authorities within a large-scale consultancy-based reform, the Secondary National Strategy (SNS), in London, UK. The SNS follows a cascade model of implementation in which nationally created initiatives are introduced and supported within local authorities (LA) and…

Cameron, David Hagen

2010-01-01

155

Goals of Universal Basic and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay discusses educational goals for universal basic and secondary education. It suggests some of the difficulties that may explain the great diversity of educational goals. The purposes of this essay are to (1) stimulate attention to educational goals on the part of individuals, families, educational professionals, community leaders in…

Cohen, Joel E.

2006-01-01

156

Essential Partnerships in the Reform of Secondary Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Alice's travel through Wonderland resembles our journeys with reform. We often encounter new experiences. We learn from events. Some tasks are harder to complete than they initially appear. Moreover, we tend to encounter the same lively characters in our reform efforts that Alice encountered in her journey. If we are to engage successfully in reform efforts, we must work effectively with those who are part of our journey. In this chapter, we will address the different aspects of building partnerships to support reform efforts. Our intention is to provide new insights into the importance of collaborative efforts and guidance in facilitating productive partnerships.

Luft, Julie A.

2009-01-01

157

Obligation for Reform. The Final Report of the Higher Education Task Force on Improvement and Reform in American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a report on the Higher Education Task Force on Improvement and Reform in American Education (HETFIRE). The convictions of HETFIRE, identified in the first chapter, include the beliefs that there must be significant change in the education system so that it becomes more responsive to the needs of individuals and that a critical…

Denemark, George W.; Yff, Joost

158

Exploring the Congruence between the Lesotho Junior Secondary Geography Curriculum and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from…

Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di

2013-01-01

159

Austerity, Ontario and Post-Secondary Education: The Case of "Canada's Capital University"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As austerity measures intensify around the world, the axe has come down particularly hard on post-secondary education (PSE). So-called education "reform" has shown itself to be a lightning rod for confrontation. In order to deal with unprecedented government budget shortfalls, caused, it must be recalled, by the lead agents of the capitalist class…

Fanelli, Carlo; Meades, James

2011-01-01

160

After Access: Canadian Education and Copyright Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the dramatic growth of the Internet in the 1990s, the Canadian government developed a well-regarded strategy for addressing the emerging issues posed by the "information highway." The strategy featured legal reforms to address privacy and e-commerce, administrative reforms for the government online initiative, and connectivity programs such…

Geist, Michael

2006-01-01

161

Breaking the Consensus in Educational Policy Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper contributes to the debate on the implementation of policy reforms developing a typology for implementation based on the initial agreement on means and goals at the time of reform design. It is argued that the volume and nature of knowledge gathering and stakeholder involvement required to gain approval of a policy and avoid the…

Souto-Otero, Manuel

2011-01-01

162

The Most Daring Education Reform of All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As long as there have been public schools, there have been reformers of public schools. All too often, they have insisted on sweeping changes; enamored of their bold, new idea, they haven't considered whether anything established ought to endure. The result? A century of faddish ideas, but little real progress. Among today's most vocal reformers

Senechal, Diana

2010-01-01

163

Educational research in Sweden: Reform strategies and research policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educational R & D in Sweden is to a large extent policy-oriented. It has been an integrated part of the Swedish educational reform system and has brought about a dialogue between politicians, administrators and researchers. Several circumstances have contributed to the `Swedish model'. One is the system with government-appointed committees in which researchers often play an active part. Another is that the Swedish educational system is highly centralized, with the National Board of Education (NBE) as the central authority, responsible for primary, secondary and adult education. A third — and a crucial one — is that, since 1962, the NBE has had increasing funds for educational R & D at its disposal. These funds account for the main part of the economic resources for R & D, along with resources allocated to research appointments at research departments of universities. Educational R & D, conducted primarily within the NBE funds, has recently been evaluated by a government-appointed committee. In its evaluations of the impact of educational R & D, the committee distinguished between the effects of R & D and the effect correlates. It concluded that the impact of R & D is more indirect than direct, more long-term than immediate. The effects are also more easily recognized at levels above the actual school situation. This finding could be interpreted as a consequence of the policy-orientation of educational R & D, which at the same time shows the difficulties in reaching the `school level' with research and development results. There are two general trends in Sweden, which will influence both research planning and research use. First, there is a trend towards the decentralization of decision-making and responsibility for the educational system. Secondly, there is a trend towards the `sectionalization' of the R & D system as a whole. This sectionalization will mean that research will to a great extent be planned to meet needs from different parts of society — labour market, social welfare, industrial development, etc. As a consequence, the question of the impact of research will be an even more debated one and will probably lead to the development of `research on research' as an increasingly important research area.

Marklund, Inger

1981-06-01

164

Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes. PMID:23504449

Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.

2013-01-01

165

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

166

Teacher educators mediating curricular reform: anticipating the Australian curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many education systems are experiencing a re-scaling and consolidation of governance through rolling national agendas of standardisation and centralisation. The present article considers the case of Australia as it moves towards implementing its first national curriculum, to explore how teacher educators plan to retain pedagogical space for debate, diversity and contestation of such systemic curricular reform. The present article reports

Elizabeth Briant; Catherine Doherty

2012-01-01

167

Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

Conway, Paul F.

2013-01-01

168

Myth, Reality, and Reform: Higher Education Policy in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to make sense of the dynamics in higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean, examining institutions, rules, incentives, and functions. The analysis of the diverse experience of higher education in Latin America is linked to suggestions for policy reform. In particular, the book addresses principal myths that…

Castro, Claudio de Moura; Levy, Daniel C.

169

Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

170

New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

Solhaug, Trond

2011-01-01

171

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

172

The Keys to Effective Schools: Educational Reform as Continuous Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational researchers and policy analysts concur increasingly that the organizational design and culture of schools can either enhance or hinder the effectiveness of school reform efforts. This book offers a series of essays that may help parents, educators, and policymakers understand and solve school organizational problems that get in the way…

Hawley, Willis D., Ed.

173

The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…

Tan, Charlene

2009-01-01

174

Rethinking Educational Reform: A Loosely Coupled and Complex Systems Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically examines two sets of ideas that have influenced educational reform in the recent past: managerialism and market approaches. It is argued that while each can be demonstrated to have led to useful change, neither provides a basis for future improvement in education. A recent example of change within the State School sector of…

Goldspink, Chris

2007-01-01

175

Parental education and child health: Evidence from a schooling reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the impact of parental education on child health outcomes. To identify the causal effect we explore exogenous variation in parental education induced by a schooling reform in 1947, which raised the minimum school leaving age in the UK. Findings based on data from the National Child Development Study suggest that increasing the school leaving age by 1

Maarten Lindeboom; Ana Llena-Nozal; Bas van der Klaauw

2009-01-01

176

Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…

Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

2007-01-01

177

The Bumpy Road to Education Reform. CPRE Policy Briefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reformers have come to recognize that establishing more challenging standards and assessments is not enough to raise student achievement. This brief identifies five challenges that confront educators and policymakers as they develop higher standards and other policies and structures to support improved student and teacher learning. It…

Goertz, Margaret E.; And Others

178

Teacher Education in Bhutan: Highlights and Challenges for Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students…

VanBalkom, W. Duffie; Sherman, Ann

2010-01-01

179

Understanding Educational Reform in Global Context: Economy, Ideology, and the State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a set of national case studies on educational reform of higher education that views reform as processes of ideological and social struggles. The titles and authors are as follows: "Educational Reform: Social Struggles, the State and the World Economic System" (Mark B. Ginsburg, et al.); "Restructuring Education and the State in…

Ginsburg, Mark B., Ed.

180

Secondary Education in Bulgaria. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, part of a series entitled "Guide to Secondary Education in Europe," contains a brief description of secondary education in Bulgaria. Chapter 1 offers a general overview of Bulgarian education, including educational policy and innovation, research and development, and information delivery services. The second and third chapters…

Damianova-Ivanova, Antoaneta

181

Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: From Past to Present. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters in this volume give an account of the process of modernisation and educational reform in Russia, variously considering the cultural and political dilemmas provoked by democratisation, the structural and policy challenges associated with the reform of higher and vocational education, and the deep divisions exposed as socio-cultural…

Johnson, David, Ed.

2010-01-01

182

Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in…

Zach, Sima; Inglis, Varda

2013-01-01

183

High School Reform: Integration of Special Education. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that students throughout the nation are not being adequately prepared for post-secondary life and that students with disabilities face even greater post-school challenges (Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Garza, & Levine, 2005). In response to such evidence, many states and localities are initiating high school reform activities and, in…

Muller, Eve; Burdette, Paula

2007-01-01

184

Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

2012-01-01

185

The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…

Polelo, Mompati Mino

2009-01-01

186

International Update: Are the Recent Reforms in Polish Education Making it Harder for Discipline to be Maintained in Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work attempts to determine whether the recent educational reforms in Poland are making it more difficult for discipline to be maintained in schools. It is concluded that the changes have a negative impact upon school discipline because the likelihood of mixed-ability classes in junior secondary institutions is high. The theoretical framework…

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

187

Charter Schools: Education Reform or Business?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As charter schools multiply, public school teachers and administrators need to understand the policy landscape in which charters are skimming money from their traditional local public schools, making scarce resources even scarcer. In this essay, the author discusses a related phenomenon that is part of some school reform plans--the reconstitution…

Tienken, Christopher H.

2011-01-01

188

Reformed undergraduate instruction and its subsequent impact on secondary school teaching practice and student achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT) Program is one of several reform efforts supported by the National Science Foundation. The primary ACEPT reform mechanism has been month-long summer workshops in which university and community college science and mathematics faculty learn about instructional reforms and then attempt to apply them in their courses. Previous ACEPT evaluation efforts suggest that, when implemented, the reforms boost undergraduate student achievement. The initial purpose of the present study was to discover whether enrollment of preservice teachers in one or more of these reformed undergraduate courses is linked to the way they teach after they graduate and become in-service teachers. Assuming that a link is found, a second purpose was to discover whether the presumed positive effect is in turn linked to their students' achievement. In short, the answer appears to be yes, at least among the biology teachers and students surveyed. Compared with controls, the biology teachers who had enrolled in one or more ACEPT reformed course during their teacher preparation program demonstrated significantly higher scores on the measure of reformed instruction and their students demonstrated significantly higher achievement in terms of scientific reasoning, nature of science, and biology concepts. These results support the hypothesis that teachers teach as they have been taught. Furthermore, it appears that instructional reform in teacher preparation programs including both methods and major's courses can improve secondary school student achievement.

Adamson, Scott L.; Banks, Debra; Burtch, Mark; Cox, Frank, III; Judson, Eugene; Turley, Jeffery B.; Benford, Russell; Lawson, Anton E.

2003-12-01

189

Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is…

Wu, Wu-Tien

2004-01-01

190

The culture of education policy making: curriculum reform in Shanghai  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a ‘global assemblage’. A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper explains how the Shanghai municipal government justifies

Charlene Tan

2012-01-01

191

Higher Education Reform in India: Experience and Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of six essays and six case studies analyzes efforts at reform and the changes that have taken place in Indian higher education over the past four decades. The six essays describe several innovative and interesting programs and analyze key policy areas. After an introduction by Philip G. Altbach and Suma Chitnis, titles include: (1)…

Chitnis, Suma, Ed.; Altbach, Philip G., Ed.

192

Inclusive Education Reform in Queensland: Implications for Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Queensland, Australia, the school system is being reformed to be more "inclusive". However, the enthusiasm for "inclusive education" in Queensland seems to be waning amongst practitioners, and the "confusion, frustration, guilt and exhaustion" that has emerged with teachers and support practitioners in the UK is emerging amongst support…

Bourke, Patricia E.

2010-01-01

193

Inclusive education reform in Queensland: implications for policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Queensland, Australia, the school system is being reformed to be more ‘inclusive’. However, the enthusiasm for ‘inclusive education’ in Queensland seems to be waning amongst practitioners, and the ‘confusion, frustration, guilt and exhaustion’ that has emerged with teachers and support practitioners in the UK is emerging amongst support practitioners and teachers in Queensland. This paper argues that this is

Patricia E. Bourke

2010-01-01

194

Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

Datnow, Amanda

2012-01-01

195

Vocational Education and Training Reform in the Czech Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on vocational education and training (VET) in the Czech Republic consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on the Czech Republic. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET,…

European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

196

AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform,  

E-print Network

, 1999) found gender difference on FCI pretest, little difference on post-test #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1 gathered to discuss gender issues and this study evolved Eight different schools: private and publicAAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform, and Instructional Assessment: Part I Laura Mc

Wu, Mingshen

197

National Assessment and the Opportunity to Learn in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over two decades, national assessments in Ghana have revealed generally poor performances across curriculum-based tests for primary school (Grades 1-6). Various reform agendas have been applied to the education system, sometimes with isolated success, but the overall performances remained stable and low. Surveying teacher mentors in schools…

Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.; Mereku, Kofi D.; Amedahe, Francis K.; Etsey, Kofui; Adu, John

2013-01-01

198

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

199

The Media Workshop Hybrid in Media Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The media workshop and the media laboratory can fit meaningfully into the reforms of mass communication education, but there are distinct differences in their roles. The media workshop is a place where students can serve on-campus apprenticeships with a traditional media organization. The media laboratory is a futuristic media facility that…

McCall, Jeffrey M.

200

Rethinking the World Bank Agenda for Chinese Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the way in which the World Bank has worked effectively with China in higher education. It investigates whether or not the cooperation between the two has changed in line with their changing relationship. More specifically, it discusses whether the World Bank's China agenda reflects the reform package of…

Ma, Jinyuan

2014-01-01

201

Education Reform in Hong Kong and the Paradigm Shift.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hong Kong has always been proud of its economic achievement of the past decades. However, the economic turmoil that swept over East Asia has revealed the weakness in its economy, which, in turn, urges Hong Kong to reform its education system to meet the challenge of this era of information technology. There are many problems in Hong Kong's…

Fok, Shui Che

202

Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based  

E-print Network

-Centred Educational Reform 3 III Inquiry-Based Learning Pedagogy is Content-Centred Instruction 6 IV Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) versus Traditionalism or Constructivism14 V The Challenges with Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) and Conclusion 23 VI References

McLoughlin, Padraig

203

The Common Core "State" Standards: The Arts and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary, Alice Wexler notes that as the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) become reality, teachers have reason for concern. She contends that this reform to public education has consequently marginalized the arts and exacerbated the inequities of people in poverty and those with disabilities. Teachers, principals and, ultimately,…

Wexler, Alice

2014-01-01

204

Educational Reform and the Transformation of Southern Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to furnish evidence supporting the conclusion that the thrust for the transformation of southern Africa, that region of Africa south of the equator, cannot be initiated without responding to the need for fundamental educational reform. In this study, transformation is defined as basic change in the structure of…

Mungazi, Dickson A.; Walker, L. Kay

205

Reformation of the Macedonian Teacher Education Programme, 1999-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper considers the theme of reform and change during the restructuring of the Macedonian Teacher Education programme at the University of Skopje, undertaken by a Tempus Phare project during 1999-2001. Background: The project was commissioned by the European Union following a report by Bethall (1997), a consultant on Teacher…

Clarkson, Jean

2005-01-01

206

Education and Empire: Democratic Reform in the Arab World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democracy and related concepts--human rights, active learning, civic participation, gender empowerment, and global citizenship--have become the international policy mantras of the post-Cold War era, or what many have labeled a neoimperial order. These bedrock principles of global educational reforms are supposed to contribute to processes of…

Herrera, Linda

2008-01-01

207

Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

Balch, Stephen H.

2007-01-01

208

Health Care Reform and Medical Education: Forces toward Generalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reforms will dramatically change the culture of medical schools in areas of patient care, research, and education programs. Academic medical centers must construct mutually beneficial partnerships that will position them to take advantage of the opportunities rather than leave them without the diversity of resources needed to make…

O'Neil, Edward H.; Seifer, Sarena D.

1995-01-01

209

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

210

No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

Berkovich, Izhak

2011-01-01

211

Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

2006-01-01

212

The "Third Sector" and Education Reform: Some Metaphors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because their resources are inadequate, philanthropic foundations cannot bring about educational reform by themselves. Foundations are best when serving as midwives, parking garages, conversations pits, burning glasses (to focus thought), levers, and lighthouse tenders. The American people are responsible for acting voluntarily to support public…

Cole, Bob

1990-01-01

213

STEM education reform A public research university imperative!  

E-print Network

STEM education reform A public research university imperative! University of Florida A significant and growing portion of future U.S. jobs will require proficiency in the STEM fields ­ from majors and workers their intended STEM majors, shortchanging the national human resource capacity in these vital areas. Many other

Sin, Peter

214

Academic Management and Administration System Reform in Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforms in colleges and universities should promote the humanistic character of higher education--rather than simply serve for pure economic production--but also observe the sacred mission of transmitting and creating culture and knowledge, with these two possessing momentous differences. These then demand rationality in academic management to…

Xianming, Xiang

2006-01-01

215

Continuing Challenges and Potential for Collaborative Approaches to Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ford Foundation began the Collaborating for Education Reform Initiative (CERI) in 1997-1998 by issuing grants and providing grantees with funds, guidance, and technical assistance to develop collaboratives and carry out activities to improve teaching and learning. CERI's collaborative activities were directed at three possible community…

Bodilly, Susan J.; Karam, Rita; Orr, Nate

2011-01-01

216

Something Is Missing from the Education Reform Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite commission reports and journal articles advocating mastery learning and effective instruction, grassroots influence is conspicuously missing from the current reform movement. Creative teachers continue to leave the profession, and top students refuse to enter it. Teachers remain essentially powerless, while open education enthusiasts await…

Henley, Martin.

1987-01-01

217

Language Study in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for the study of language in secondary schools, discusses components of language study, notes the failure of the Bullock Report to point out the importance of language study, and discusses four characteristics of language that could serve as starting points for the study of language in secondary schools. (GT)

Stork, F. C.

1980-01-01

218

Opting Out of Local Authority Control ?Using the Education Reform Act to Defend the Comprehensive Ideal: a case study in educational policy implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on an insider account of the process by which a secondary school, Stantonbury Campus, Milton Keynes, England, used the 1988 Education Reform Act to opt out of local authority control in order to preserve its egalitarian comprehensive character. Using the legislation in this way effectively reversed many of the assumptions surrounding the notion of Grant Maintained

Rosemary Deem; Michael Davies

1991-01-01

219

Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

Evans, Brenda

220

Papers on Education Reform, Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following ten papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board in 1971. "Where Educational Nonsense Comes From" by Jacques Barzun focuses on education as the removal of ignorance. "The Importance of Teaching Poetry" by Cleanth Brooks discusses the powers of poetry in the instruction of yound children. In "Educating the…

Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

221

Higher Education Reform in Brazil: Reinforcing Marketization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Brazil began based on institutions organized as isolated establishments, and mostly privately owned. Nonetheless, public institutions created as universities and developing research activities and other services became the desired ideal for higher education. The first educational institutions in Brazil were created in the…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

2009-01-01

222

The Federal Role in Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One principal set of obstacles preventing public education from having shown more progress in realizing the national objective of equal educational opportunity has to do with the way schools are financed. Resolving problems of school finance is, U.S. Commissioner of Education Allen says, an absolute essential in achieving equal opportunity. Some…

Allen, James E., Jr.

223

Education Reforms in Cambodia: Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the key issues and concerns in the Cambodian government's efforts to implement three priority education policies for 2006-2010: ensure equitable access to education; increase quality and efficiency of the education services; and promote institutional development and capacity building for decentralisation. This paper identifies…

Tan, Charlene

2007-01-01

224

Modernising Education: New Public Management Reform in the Norwegian Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the end of the 1980s, the Norwegian education system has gone through major reform, influenced largely by new managerialist ideas. Strategies to renew the public sector were promoted as the new public management (NPM). This paper investigates the way ideas connected to NPM reforms have been introduced and interpreted in the Norwegian…

Møller, Jorunn; Skedsmo, Guri

2013-01-01

225

Reforming Earth science education in developing countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Improving the employability of Earth science graduates by reforming Earth science instruction is a matter of concern to universities worldwide. It should, however, be self-evident that the developing countries cannot follow the same blueprint for change as the industrialized countries due to constraints of affordability and relevance. Peanuts are every bit as nutritious as almonds; if one with limited means has to choose between a fistful of peanuts and just one almond, it is wise to choose the peanuts. A paradigm proposed here would allow institutions in developing countries to impart good quality relevant Earth science instruction that would be affordable and lead to employment.

Aswathanarayana, U.

226

Secondary Vocational Education and the National Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection comprises five papers that were prepared in response to the recent series of national reports criticizing American secondary education. In "A General Overview," Joel H. Magisos uses previous analyses and syntheses of the recommendations contained in the group of national studies to draw implications for vocational education.…

Magisos, Joel H.; And Others

227

Informatics Education in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the state of informatics education in the Italian secondary schools, highlighting how the learning objectives set up by the Ministry of Education are difficult to meet, due to the fact that the subject is often taught by teachers not holding an informatics degree, the lack of suitable teaching material and the expectations…

Bellettini, Carlo; Lonati, Violetta; Malchiodi, Dario; Monga, Mattia; Morpurgo, Anna; Torelli, Mauro; Zecca, Luisa

2014-01-01

228

Science Achievement of Secondary Agricultural Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this quantitative descriptive and correlational study were to describe the science achievements of secondary agricultural education students and determine if the number of agricultural education courses passed, FFA involvement, and SAE participation would statistically significantly improve students' performance on science…

Clark, Sara Vicky

2012-01-01

229

Career Maturity: A Priority for Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviews the current state of career maturity in secondary education--a period of education which is critical for development of this construct, when students are faced with ongoing academic and occupational decisions over the course of their studies. This paper is organized in three parts: first we focus on the concept, models,…

Gonzalez, Manuel Alvarez

2008-01-01

230

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

231

Post-Secondary Expectations and Educational Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized student, teacher, and parent expectations during high school to analyze their predictive effect on post-secondary education status two years after scheduled graduation. The sample included 5,353 students, parents and teachers who participated in the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS; 2002-2006). The researchers analyzed data…

Sciarra, Daniel T.; Ambrosino, Katherine E.

2011-01-01

232

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

233

Getting "beyond the barriers" in reforming osteopathic medical education.  

PubMed

As the healthcare needs of the United States change, some leaders at colleges of osteopathic medicine and osteopathic graduate medical education programs have embraced one very important and timeless goal: to prepare future physicians to meet society's health needs. These medical educators have made significant strides toward moving "beyond the barriers" to effect curricular reform and quality improvement at their institutions. Some of the barriers to osteopathic medical education reform are addressed in this article, which recommends allowing curricular evolution and faculty development; expanding clinical learning and teaching; breaking down departmental walls; integrating osteopathic principles and practice; reevaluating admission requirements of colleges of osteopathic medicine; and eradicating the unspoken and, ironically, often detrimental culture of medicine, which can be contrary to compassionate patient care and healing. PMID:17682114

Gimpel, John R

2007-07-01

234

Secondary Education in India: Development Policies, Programmes and Challenges. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 63  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper aims to provide an overview of secondary education in India with focus on the development trajectory currently pursued in the sub-sector. The paper reviews current status, development policies, approaches and reform programmes. While discussing the tremendous progress made in enhancing secondary schooling opportunities in India during…

Biswal, K.

2011-01-01

235

Higher Education Reform: Getting the Incentives Right  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a joint effort by the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB) and the Center for Higher Education Policy Studies. It analyses a number of `best practices¿ where the design of financial incentives working on the system level of higher education is concerned. In Chapter 1, an overview of some of the characteristics of the Dutch higher

Erik Canton; Richard Venniker; Ben Jongbloed; Jos Koelman; Meer van der Peter; Hans Vossensteyn

2001-01-01

236

Knee-Jerk Formalism: Reforming American Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study argues that significant improvements in education can be made only if there are drastic improvements in the life circumstances of America's lower classes. Improving the life circumstances of the lower classes also means providing their schools with the resources they need. And not least in this new outlook on education is the need to…

Rossides, Daniel W.

2004-01-01

237

Current Reform in Higher Education in Bahrain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Bahrain and background information on this Arab Gulf country are considered. Bahrain, similar to other Gulf States, depended heavily on expatriates as teachers, most of whom were from Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon. Bahraini students have pursued college studies in other countries. Higher education in the country started as separate…

Saif, Philip S.

238

Education Research and Reform: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of governments in the operation of education research and development systems is under critical scrutiny throughout the developed world. The introductory chapter presents the main themes of a seminar held in 1992 and outlines challenges for further work. The next 10 chapters focus on education research and development issues: (1)…

Tomlinson, Tommy M., Ed.; Tuijnman, Albert C., Ed.

239

Reform of Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 20 years the People's Republic of China has engaged in a significant transformation of its economy and social institutions, including its education system. This article provides a general picture of what changes have taken place in Chinese teacher education at a time of rapid transition from central control to devolved and…

Shi, Xiaoguang; Englert, Peter A. J.

2008-01-01

240

Education Reform in Slovenia and Ukraine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…

Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan

2003-01-01

241

Wisconsin's Elementary-Secondary School Finance Reform Legislation: Assembly Substitute Amendment 1 to 1973 Assembly Bill 300.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the development of school finance reform pressures in Wisconsin from pressure in 1967 for property tax reform to 1973 legislative reform proposals. The 1973 proposal is designed to provide further equalization of educational opportunity to all Wisconsin students and to guarantee adequate financial resources to provide these…

Buchmiller, Archie A.

242

Spaces of contest for religious education reform in comparative perspectives: scotland and malawi as cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if at all, there are major points of difference on salient

Yonah Matemba

2012-01-01

243

Spaces of Contest for Religious Education Reform in Comparative Perspectives: Scotland and Malawi as Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if…

Matemba, Yonah

2013-01-01

244

What Do Leaders Think? Reflections on the Implementation of Higher Education Reforms in Armenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leader perceptions of higher education reforms in Armenia are examined in order to gain an insight into how they view the reforms, their role in the reforms and the roles of others. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six Armenian higher education leaders and analysed in terms of the following five aspects relevant to leadership: policy…

Karakhanyan, Susanna Yuri; van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo C. M.

2012-01-01

245

China's Basic Education Reform: An Account of an International Collaborative Research and Development Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current round of basic education curriculum reform in China is considered by many to be the most radical and wide-reaching. However, very little is known about education reform at the school level. Here we document and discuss some of the challenges and opportunities that the reform programme is providing for teachers and schools. We describe…

Ryan, Janette; Kang, Changyun; Mitchell, Ian; Erickson, Gaalen

2009-01-01

246

For Whom Does the Pendulum Swing: Some Teachers Speak Out on the Question of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article (1) describes some educational reforms and educators' responses to them, (2) looks at the dynamics of implementation of proposed reforms, describing significant external pressures and administrators' responses to them, and (3) comments on the extent of the teacher's control over reform factors and on vocational teachers' problematic…

Feinberg, Walter; And Others

1975-01-01

247

Formal vs. Non-Formal Vernacular Education: The Education Reform in Papua New Guinea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a community-based nonformal education movement in Papua New Guinea to use hundreds of the country's languages to teach initial literacy in local preschool and adult education programs. The article describes this movement, the proposed government reform of the English-only formal education system and the ensuing conflicts. (37 references)…

Siegel, Jeff

1997-01-01

248

Why Joint Inquiry Partnerships between Practitioners and Teacher Educators Support Effective Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite years of controversy about what counts as rigorous educational research and significant amounts of taxpayers' support for related reform of U.S. public schools, serious inequities in U.S. K-12 education remain. The authors of this essay bring the perspectives of two tenured university teacher educators who share a background of over 40…

Paugh, Patricia C.; Fries, Mary Kim

2011-01-01

249

Great Expectations: Reforming Urban High Schools. An Education Forum with Urban Educators and Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from a forum held in 2000 with urban educators representing 15 districts nationwide. The forum, which was facilitated by educational researchers from Columbia University's Teachers College, shared best practices for reforming high poverty urban high schools and reviewed the Department of Education's "Transforming…

Lewis, Sharon; Baker, Nicole D.; Jepson, Jack; Casserly, Mike; Powell, Linda C.; Barrengos, John R.; Johnson, Judith; Eisner, Caroline, Ed.

250

Rewards and Reform: Creating Educational Incentives That Work. Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers a variety of incentive approaches to school reform, through the perspectives of noted experts in education policy, practice, and research, as well as respected thinkers from the public and private sectors. The intended audience includes policymakers at the national, state, and district levels; teacher educators and other education

Fuhrman, Susan H., Ed.; O'Day, Jennifer A., Ed.

251

Renovation and Reform in Dominican Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the role of higher education in the Dominican Republic and the need to mesh the mission of the university; the specific needs of its social, economic, and cultural environment; and the characteristics of a rapidly changing world. (EV)

Pimentel, Josefina

2002-01-01

252

Reform in a Fragmented System: Higher Education in Bosnia-Herzegovina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes issues of fragmentation and reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina's higher education system, suggesting that a better appreciation of traditional university structures, rather than just Anglo-American central management, is important in achieving effective reform. (EV)

Temple, Paul

2002-01-01

253

Health Education: What Can It Look Like after Health Care Reform? 1993 SOPHE Presidential Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In plans for health care reform, the role of health education in reducing risk behaviors associated with leading causes of death must be recognized. Reform offers new opportunities for prevention programs in schools, worksites, and communities. (SK)

Jorgensen, Cynthia M.

1994-01-01

254

Reform-based science teaching: A mixed-methods approach to explaining variation in secondary science teacher practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this two-phase, sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was to understand and explain the variation seen in secondary science teachers' enactment of reform-based instructional practices. Utilizing teacher socialization theory, this mixed-methods analysis was conducted to determine the relative influence of secondary science teachers' characteristics, backgrounds and experiences across their teacher development to explain the range of teaching practices exhibited by graduates from three reform-oriented teacher preparation programs. Data for this study were obtained from the Investigating the Meaningfulness of Preservice Programs Across the Continuum of Teaching (IMPPACT) Project, a multi-university, longitudinal study funded by NSF. In the first quantitative phase of the study, data for the sample (N=120) were collected from three surveys from the IMPPACT Project database. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the separate as well as the combined influence of factors such as teachers' personal and professional background characteristics, beliefs about reform-based science teaching, feelings of preparedness to teach science, school context, school culture and climate of professional learning, and influences of the policy environment on the teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. Findings indicate three blocks of variables, professional background, beliefs/efficacy, and local school context added significant contribution to explaining nearly 38% of the variation in secondary science teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. The five variables that significantly contributed to explaining variation in teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices in the full model were, university of teacher preparation, sense of preparation for teaching science, the quality of professional development, science content focused professional, and the perceived level of professional autonomy. Using the results from phase one, the second qualitative phase selected six case study teachers based on their levels of reform-based teaching practices to highlight teachers across the range of practices from low, average, to high levels of implementation. Using multiple interview sources, phase two helped to further explain the variation in levels of reform-based practices. Themes related to teachers' backgrounds, local contexts, and state policy environments were developed as they related to teachers' socialization experiences across these contexts. The results of the qualitative analysis identified the following factors differentiating teachers who enacted reform-based instructional practices from those who did not: 1) extensive science research experiences prior to their preservice teacher preparation; 2) the structure and quality of their field placements; 3) developing and valuing a research-based understanding of teaching and learning as a result of their preservice teacher preparation experiences; 4) the professional culture of their school context where there was support for a high degree of professional autonomy and receiving support from "educational companions" with a specific focus on teacher pedagogy to support student learning; and 5) a greater sense of agency to navigate their districts' interpretation and implementation of state polices. Implications for key stakeholders as well as directions for future research are discussed.

Jetty, Lauren E.

255

An Educators' Guide to Schoolwide Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide examines claims for 24 schoolwide programs-- programs that promise to improve student learning by changing the entire school. Focusing on quantitative achievement measures such as test scores, grades, and graduation rates, the report was prepared for educators and others to assist them in their investigation of different approaches to…

American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.

256

Commissions, Reports, Reforms, and Educational Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Blue-ribbon" commissions are an increasingly common feature of the American political landscape. This book examines the roles that blue-ribbon commissions and their reports have played in educational policymaking. The book begins with a foreword by Paul E. Peterson and an introductory chapter, "Commissions and Change" by Rick Ginsberg and David…

Ginsberg, Rick, Ed.; Plank, David N., Ed.

257

Driven by History: Mathematics Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advancement of modern societies is fueled by mathematics, and mathematics education provides the foundation upon which future scientists and engineers will build. Society dictates how mathematics will be taught through the development and implementation of mathematics standards. When examining the progression of these standards, it is…

Permuth, Steve; Dalzell, Nicole

2013-01-01

258

Educational Administration: A Decade of Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the extent to which recommendations contained in a report by the National Commission on Excellence in Educational Administration have been acted on and how well they have been implemented. The 12 articles in the book are grouped under 4 sections. Part 1, "Setting the Stage," includes: (1) "A Decade of Change: An Overview" (J.…

Murphy, Joseph, Ed.; Forsyth, Patrick B., Ed.

259

POTENTIAL OF FOR-PROFIT SCHOOLS FOR EDUCATIONAL REFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of a for-profit industry in elementary and secondary schools is a relatively recent phenomenon in American education. In the past, a small number of independent schools - probably 2 percent or less - were for-profit endeavors, usually owned by a family or a small group of educators. However, over the last decade a group of for-profit firms has

Henry M. Levin

2003-01-01

260

Education and health knowledge: Evidence from UK compulsory schooling reform.  

PubMed

We investigate if there is a causal link between education and health knowledge using data from the 1984/85 and 1991/92 waves of the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey (HALS). Uniquely, the survey asks respondents what they think are the main causes of ten common health conditions, and we compare these answers to those given by medical professionals to form an index of health knowledge. For causal identification we use increases in the UK minimum school leaving age in 1947 (from 14 to 15) and 1972 (from 15 to 16) to provide exogenous variation in education. These reforms predominantly induced adolescents who would have left school to stay for one additionally mandated year. OLS estimates suggest that education significantly increases health knowledge, with a one-year increase in schooling increasing the health knowledge index by 15% of a standard deviation. In contrast, estimates from instrumental-variable models show that increased schooling due to the education reforms did not significantly affect health knowledge. This main result is robust to numerous specification tests and alternative formulations of the health knowledge index. Further research is required to determine whether there is also no causal link between higher levels of education - such as post-school qualifications - and health knowledge. PMID:25459203

Johnston, David W; Lordan, Grace; Shields, Michael A; Suziedelyte, Agne

2014-10-16

261

Ability grouping and science education reform: Policy and research base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reviews current policy trends concerning the practice of ability grouping in K-12 science education. Relevant statements of key policy-making, policy-influencing organizations such as the NSTA, AAAS, NSF, the National Research Council, the U.S. Office of Education Department of Civil Rights, NAACP, the National Governors' Association, programs related to the Jacob Javits Grants for the Gifted and Talented, and others are summarized. The author's interpretation of the various positions are presented herein. The article also explores the research base supporting the various policies on grouping by examining selected general research literature on grouping, followed by research that is science education specific. Methodological issues color the research findings. The ethical and pragmatic implications of developing research and policy are discussed. The conclusions are that there is a dearth of recent empirical research specifically related to ability grouping in science, and that the time is ripe for the concerted development of a research agenda by key players in science education reform. Moreover, as controversial and value-laden as the topic is, it should be noted that grouping practices alone are unlikely to influence science education reform unless considered in the context of comprehensive restructuring efforts at the local school level.Received: 10 April 1993; Revised: 26 August 1993;

Lynch, Sharon

262

Democratic Reforms and Women's Higher Education during the U.S. Occupation of Japan, 1945-1952.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to show the significance of the educational reforms of women's higher education during the U.S. occupation of post-World War II Japan. To help fill the gap of research on women's higher education in Japan, focus is on an historical analysis of women's higher education reform policies. Since educational reforms are not…

Moroishi, Yasumi; Martin, Don T.

263

A Complete Education: Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help achieve President Obama's stated goal of ensuring that all students will be able to contribute as citizens in the U.S. democracy and to thrive in a global economy, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA").…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

264

Secondary Education 1/50 Masters of Science Degree  

E-print Network

Secondary Education 1/50 Secondary Education Masters of Science Degree A Student Guidebook to Completing the MSE Degree AY ­ 10-11 Last Revised August 16, 2010 #12;Secondary Education 2 Education's Graduate Programs Committee: Victoria Costa, Lynda Randall, Fred Ramirez, Grace Cho, Maria Grant

de Lijser, Peter

265

Pedagogical reforms of digital signal processing education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the engineering discipline is arguably predicated heavily upon appealing to the future generation, in all its sensibilities. The greatest burden in doing so, one might rightly believe, lies on the shoulders of the educators. In examining the causal means by which the profession arrived at such a state, one finds that the technical revolution, precipitated by global war, had, as its catalyst, institutions as expansive as the government itself to satisfy the demand for engineers, who, as a result of such an existential crisis, were taught predominantly theoretical underpinnings to address a finite purpose. By contrast, the modern engineer, having expanded upon this vision and adapted to an evolving society, is increasingly placed in the proverbial role of the worker who must don many hats: not solely a scientist, yet often an artist; not a businessperson alone, but neither financially naive; not always a representative, though frequently a collaborator. Inasmuch as change then serves as the only constancy in a global climate, therefore, the educational system - if it is to mimic the demands of the industry - is left with an inherent need for perpetual revitalization to remain relevant. This work aims to serve that end. Motivated by existing research in engineering education, an epistemological challenge is molded into the framework of the electrical engineer with emphasis on digital signal processing. In particular, it is investigated whether students are better served by a learning paradigm that tolerates and, when feasible, encourages error via a medium free of traditional adjudication. Through the creation of learning modules using the Adobe Captivate environment, a wide range of fundamental knowledge in signal processing is challenged within the confines of existing undergraduate courses. It is found that such an approach not only conforms to the research agenda outlined for the engineering educator, but also reflects an often neglected reality: that the student who is free to be creative, free to err, and free to self-correct is emblematic of the profession -- past, present, and future -- to which he or she unwittingly aspires.

Christensen, Michael

266

Diagrammatic Literacy in Secondary Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in secondary science education seem to have difficulties with understanding diagrams. The present study focused on explanatory factors that predict students' difficulties with process diagrams, i.e., diagrams that describe a process consisting of components that are related by arrows. From 18 compulsory national Biology exams of…

Kragten, Marco; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert

2013-01-01

267

The Transcendental Meditation Technique in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational and pyschological effects of the practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on secondary school students were examined. A course including TM technique was taught to two public high school classes of 30 volunteers each. One class took the TM course for both semesters; the other took an alternative course in self-development for the…

Levin, Susan

268

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares elementary and secondary schools in the United States to schools in 11 other countries. It analyzes the role of schools in preparing students either to continue their education or to enter the labor force. It addresses such questions as "Are there more children in poverty in the United States than in other countries?" and…

Perie, Marianne; Sherman, Joel D.; Phillips, Gabriele; Riggan, Matthew; Snyder, Thomas D.

269

USGS Educational Resources For Secondary Grades  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides links to selected United States Geological Survey (USGS) educational resources that may be useful to educators in secondary school grades. Many of these resources can be used directly in the classroom, as preparation for lessons or demonstrations, or as resources for teacher education and curriculum development. Major topic areas include biology, geography, geology, and water resources. Resources (indicated by symbols) include complete teaching modules, classroom activities, and web-based resources. Items that have costs beyond basic printing or on-line viewing costs are also indicated by a symbol.

270

Education under the Heel of Caesar: Reading UK Higher Education Reform through Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

UK higher education reform (BIS, ) has been presented as a common-sense movement towards efficiency. This article will argue that, in reality, the marketisation of higher education is a movement towards negative freedom, defined after Berlin (2007) as unrestricted choice. Using Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" as a means to explore the…

Ward, Sophie

2012-01-01

271

Educational Reconstruction "By the Dawn's Early Light": Violent Political Conflict and American Overseas Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a historical approach, Sobe examines the myths and ideals that have underlain U.S. educational initiatives in postconflict nations abroad. Building on its tradition of modern schooling designed to advance civic and social order, America has sought to extend its political and cultural values overseas through educational reforms in…

Sobe, Noah W.

2009-01-01

272

Students' Approaches to Learning when Entering Higher Education: Differences between Students with Senior General Secondary and Senior Secondary Educational Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, more students have entered Dutch higher education. This is a consequence of the possibility to offer students to enter higher education, with a certificate from senior secondary education (SSVE). In earlier days most students in higher education had passed senior general secondary education (SGSE), or even pre-university education. It is…

Van Bragt, Cyrille A. C.; Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Croon, Marcel A.

2007-01-01

273

WELLCOME TRUST RESPONSE TO THE CONSULTATION ON THE REFORM OF HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH ASSESSMENT AND FUNDING  

E-print Network

WELLCOME TRUST RESPONSE TO THE CONSULTATION ON THE REFORM OF HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH ASSESSMENTES) consultation on `The Reform of higher education research assessment and funding'. Research assessment AND FUNDING 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to respond to the Department for Education and Skills (Df

Rambaut, Andrew

274

Reforming Social Work Education: Some Reflections on the Contribution of Practice Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work in the UK is currently undergoing a process of major reform and a wide range of recommendations have been made aimed at improving practice and education. This paper focuses on the Social Work Reform Board's proposals for improving practice learning in qualifying level social work education. It examines how recommendations for better partnership working between Higher Education Institutions

George Wilson

2012-01-01

275

A Social Reminder: What the Public Want from the Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Education Commission (EC) of Hong Kong, the advisory body set up by the government on the overall development of education in Hong Kong, began developing a policy of education reform in 1998 and published its blueprint in 2000. In 2006, the EC published its fourth official report on the progress of the reform--"Progress Report on…

Wong, Kai Shung

2010-01-01

276

Applying Systems Theory to Systemic Change: A Generic Model for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educational reformers frequently use the words "system,""systemic change," and "systemic approach," many lack a fundamental understanding of the systems concept. This paper describes the application of systems theory to the problems of educational reform and educational assessment. It introduces basic concepts and principles and describes…

Hansen, Joe B.

277

(En)gendering responsibility: a critical news analysis of Argentina's education reform, 2001–2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education reform continues around the globe, though questioned and critiqued in relation to goals of democratizing educational decision-making. Newspapers are one site of contestation and negotiation where struggles over global reform discourses are contextualized in ‘obvious’ and ‘natural’ local language. In this article, I argue that gender discourses are a powerful heuristic employed to push particular education agendas and particularly

Sarah A. Robert

2012-01-01

278

Making Different Sense of Reform: School Leaders' Perspectives on the New Senior Secondary Curriculum in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study outlines the perceptions of school leaders regarding the New Senior Secondary Curriculum in Hong Kong. It illustrates the diversity of perceptions and responses of school leaders in terms of the purposes of the reforms, challenges to be faced, and strategies for implementing the reform. The findings suggest that school leaders'…

Adamson, Bob; Tak-Shing, John Lam; Wai-Ming, Yu; Kin-Sang, Jacqueline Chan; Hau-Fai, Edmond Law; Wai-Lun, Anthony Leung

2010-01-01

279

Ten Years of Reform in Primary Mathematics Education in England: A Review of Effectiveness. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK National Audit Office (NAO) commissioned RAND Europe to look at the evidence showing the effectiveness of reform of mathematics teaching in primary schools in England. This study looked at government-sponsored evaluations of mathematics reform in England, independent evaluations of the educational outcomes of mathematics reforms in England,…

Vollaard, Ben A.; Rabinovich, Lila; Bowman, Richard; van Stolk, Christian

2008-01-01

280

New Curriculum Reform Implementation and the Transformation of Educational Beliefs, Practices, and Structures in Gansu Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response to the implementation of the new curriculum reforms varies by regional context. A study of the effects of reform implementation on basic education in rural Gansu contributes to understanding the reforms in resource-constrained environments in China. Drawing on rich data from linked teacher, principal, student, and county administrator…

Sargent, Tanja Carmel

2011-01-01

281

Life Cycle and Legacy of the Educational Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines implementation of educational reforms in the Latin American-Caribbean region during the 1990s, based on national case studies (Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Jamaica, and Paraguay), descriptions of nationally supported projects, and discussions with reformers and researchers. Despite similarities in reforms' origins and components, each…

Alvarez, Benjamin

1998-01-01

282

Scientists researching teaching: Reforming science education and transforming practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reforming science education is a multidimensional and complex undertaking. Of extreme importance is transforming how teachers teach. Answering the equity call of reform initiatives requires focusing on the underlying values and beliefs guiding teacher action and the promotion of inclusive practices (Brickhouse, 2001; Harding, 1994; Eisenhart, Finkel, & Marion, 1995; Mayberry & Rees, 1999; Rodriguez, 1997). Reform efforts within the last decade are being directed at college level science courses. Course and pedagogical transformations are particularly aimed at increasing the numbers of females and persons of color in science and improving the education of preservice teachers. Facilitating transformations toward these goals at the individual and program level is challenging work. This study explores and describes the conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy. Two science professors affiliated with a reform collaborative were the main participants of the research. The professors, in collaboration with the primary researcher, engaged in assisted action research that lead to the identification and descriptions of their context and practical teaching theories. Among the questions explored were: "How does placing the professor in a position to conduct an assisted action research project help to foster teacher change conditions?" "How do the practical theories guiding the professors' teaching foster or impede inclusionary practice?" "What necessary conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy emerged from the study?". Using case study and ethnographic qualitative research strategies for data collection and analysis, this study affords a unique perspective through which to consider why and how science professors change their practice. Data indicated that the assisted action research strategy fostered the conditions of teacher change. In addition, findings revealed that the professors shared a teacher and curriculum centered teaching philosophy and an ethic of care and respect for their students that, in varying ways, both supported and impeded inclusive practice. Teacher change was heavily mediated by departmental contexts. Assertions are made about the necessary conditions of teacher change toward an inclusive pedagogy and implications for further research are explored.

Weiss, Tarin Harrar

283

Reforming Upper Secondary Education in Europe. The Leonardo da Vinci Project Post-16 Strategies. Surveys of Strategies for Post-16 Education To Improve the Parity of Esteem for Initial Vocational Education in Eight European Educational Systems. Theory into Practice 92. Institute for Educational Research Publication Series B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following papers on the Leonardo da Vinci project: "Looking for Post-16 Education Strategies for Parity of Esteem in Europe" (Lasonen); "Improving Parity of Esteem as a Policy Goal" (Makinen, Volanen); "Alternative Strategies for Parity of Esteem between General/Academic and Vocational Education in Europe" (Kamarainen);…

Lasonen, Johanna, Ed.

284

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective, urban middle school in a large district that participated in several reform efforts. These reforms include both efforts focused on school-level change and efforts focused on change in science teaching and learning. Its program incorporates aspects of several school-level reforms---from the underlying Paideia philosophy, to structural characteristics of middle schools, to site-based decision-making, to its status as a magnet school, to its participation as a professional development school. Further, the participation of all science teachers in the intensive, standards-based professional development offered by Ohio's systemic reform of mathematics and science created a critical mass of reform-oriented teachers who supported one another as they incorporated reform-based practices into their teaching. The interplay of the reform efforts has manifested in a high level of science achievement in comparison to the school's district. Addressing the third component of O'Day and Smith's model for systemic reform, the need for school-level change to enable implementation of curriculum frameworks and aligned policies, this study illustrates two important points. First, the high-quality teacher professional development increased teachers' capacity to change their practices by enhancing their knowledge of and skills in implementing standards-based teaching practices. Second, because of the synchrony among the school-level reforms and between the school-level and science education reforms, the context of Webster provided a supportive environment in which lasting changes in science teaching and learning were implemented. Science education reform efforts were mediated by the school's context to create an environment in which the reform practices could be implemented and sustained. Using Kahle's (1998) Equity Metric, this study demonstrates that the synergy of the policies and practices of school-level and science education reforms can contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform.

Kelly, Mary Kathryn

285

A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

286

Literature Review on Improving Secondary Vocational Education Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current demand for educational excellence is an outgrowth of recent national reports criticizing secondary education. This push for academic excellence also affects vocational education outcomes. A growing consensus seems to be emerging that at the secondary level (1) vocational education should be integrated with academic education, (2)…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Education and Work Program.

287

Study of School-to-Work Reform Initiatives. Volume II: Case Studies. Studies of Education Reform Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too often the phrase "school-to-work transition" is interpreted to mean that all young people should follow the same path directly from the classroom to the workplace. The Academy of Educational Development's National Institute for Work and Learning (AED/NIWL) undertook a 4-year study of school-to-work transition education reform. The study…

Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC. National Inst. for Work and Learning.

288

Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific "philosophy" of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with…

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-01-01

289

[Education of nurses in the perspective of the Psychiatric reform].  

PubMed

This study is the result of research conducted by senior students of the Nursing Course on the conceptions of the mental health/disease process in the perspective of the Psychiatric Reform proposed countrywide. It was based on the theoretical-methodological system of the Historical and Dialectical Materialism and it has Work as its category of analysis. The empirical material was analyzed through the Speech Analysis technique. The themes gathered from the speeches converged into the formation of an empirical category that refers to the reproduction of the knowledge of traditional psychiatry in the teaching of Nursing, indicating a professional education based on that conservative social position. PMID:16047814

da Silva, Ana Tereza Medeirosa; de Souza, Jordana Silva; da Silva, César Cavalcanti; da Nóbrega, Maria Miriam Lima; de Oliveira Filha, Maria; Barros, Sônia; Braga, João Euclides

2004-01-01

290

Secondary Education in Albania. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes general conditions and problems affecting secondary education in Albania. Section 1 highlights the political, socioeconomic, and educational context of the country. Since World War II, Albania has experienced an increase in the number of students that was not matched by qualitative improvement necessary in a democractic…

Pango, Ylli

291

Translating Globalization and Democratization into Local Policy: Educational Reform in Hong Kong and Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The past two decades have witnessed three important international trends: an increase in the number of democratic states; economic globalization; and educational reforms in light of the challenges of the new millennium. A great deal of research has addressed educational change in relation to either globalization or democratization, but little has been said about the complex interactions among all three processes. In view of recent educational reforms in Hong Kong and Taiwan, the present contribution examines the local nature of education policy in a globalized age. It challenges those globalization theories which minimize the role of the state and exaggerate the power of globalization over local factors. In particular, it explores how the governments of these two Chinese societies have employed democratization to generate and legitimate reform proposals and have used economic globalization to justify educational reforms. The study concludes by discussing the complex interrelations of these processes, including tensions between global and local concerns in educational reform.

Law, Wing-Wah

2004-11-01

292

The Global Education Movement and Achievable Reforms in the Pre-Service Education of Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of the current movement for global education in the elementary and secondary schools, and in higher education, has been indicated by the convening of the first national conference on global education, held at Easton, Maryland, in May 1982. During this conference, leaders in the field of global education presented issues and themes…

Sebaly, Kim P.

293

Is ICT More Than a Learning Tool in Mauritian Educational Reform?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many countries, ICT is now at the center of education reform efforts that involve its use in co- ordination with changes in curriculum, teacher training, pedagogy, and assessment. Mauritius also is following the same trend such that ICT is playing a vital role in its education reform ef- forts and as a result there has been significant ICT investment

T. Shalini Ramessur-Seenarain

2007-01-01

294

History Lessons A critique of nostalgic education reform as a mechanism for regressive  

E-print Network

1 History Lessons A critique of nostalgic education reform as a mechanism for regressive social Contents An Introduction - Michael Gove's policy on Education reform and the design of school buildings - The social apartheid. Bibliography - 6 10 28 44 56 64 68 #12;4 Figures Illustration - Harrow School. Anon

Subramanian, Sriram

295

The Atlantic Science Curriculum Project: In Search of a Path to Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 12 years, the Atlantic Science Curriculum Project (ASCP) has attempted to find a feasible path for educational reform in Canada. This search for a voluntary, regionally initiated path to educational reform was necessitated by the absence of substantial federal and provincial and private foundation sources of funding for science…

McFadden, Charles P.

296

10 December 2009 Educators for Reform response to HEFCE Research Excellence Framework consultation  

E-print Network

1 10 December 2009 Educators for Reform response to HEFCE Research Excellence Framework consultation The threat to Britain's research base Executive summary The Higher Education Funding Council that is already taking place in the private sector. Instead research funding should be reformed to give more

Crowther, Paul

297

(En)Gendering Responsibility: A Critical News Analysis of Argentina's Education Reform, 2001-2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform continues around the globe, though questioned and critiqued in relation to goals of democratizing educational decision-making. Newspapers are one site of contestation and negotiation where struggles over global reform discourses are contextualized in "obvious" and "natural" local language. In this article, I argue that gender…

Robert, Sarah A.

2012-01-01

298

Integrating Technology in Teaching and Teacher Education: Implications for Policy and Curriculum Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses technology integration in teaching and teacher education. Emphasis is placed on policy and curriculum reform as they relate to the use of information technologies for teacher education. Particular reference is made to the situation in Cyprus public schools. It is argued that for successful technology integration, there needs to be a shift in pedagogical approaches and reform

Charalambos Vrasidas; Marina S McIsaac

2001-01-01

299

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

300

Education as Recovery: Neoliberalism, School Reform, and the Politics of Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building upon critical education policy studies of crisis, disaster, and reform, this essay develops a theory of "recovery" that further elaborates the nature and operation of "crisis politics" in neoliberal education reform. Recovery is an integral process in capital accumulation, exploiting material, and subjective…

Slater, Graham B.

2015-01-01

301

"That Evil Genius of the Negro Race": Thomas Jesse Jones and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jones's ideas on education integrated two major turn-of-the-century reform thrusts: social gospel and the application of science to human affairs. Known for his urban immigrant studies, Jones combined humanitarian zeal with scientific certainty in a conception of education that would dominate reform efforts in the progressive era. Jones's brand of…

Kliebard, Herbert M.

1994-01-01

302

Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Department for Education's reformed GCSE subject content  

E-print Network

of areas covered by the qualifications. Qualification structure and content 6. We note the recommendation's reformed GCSE subject content consultation - August 2013 Department for Education: Reformed GCSE subject for Education's proposed science subject content. However, care must be taken to ensure that mathematical skills

Rambaut, Andrew

303

Half Full, Half Empty? Educator Responses over Time to State-Level Systemic Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes survey data from randomly selected schools to investigate Oregon educators' attitudes toward mandated reforms, forces shaping these attitudes, and resultant changes in educational practices. Teachers' attitudes toward systemic reform over a 5-year period may be characterized as ambivalent and their behaviors as compliant. Workload was a…

Conley, David T.; Goldman, Paul

2000-01-01

304

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform features the most current empirical research about the successes and challenges of the small schools movement and the implications of such for urban public educational policy. Situated in a climate of hierarchical reform, many of the principles of the original…

Hantzopoulos, Maria, Ed.; Tyner-Mullings, Alia R., Ed.

2012-01-01

305

Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 2: A Guide to Leadership, Teacher Education, and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second volume, the follow-on to "Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 1: A Guide to Survival, Success, and Reform," extends the conversation to include educational leadership, teacher education, partnerships, and school reform. As with Volume 1, classroom music teachers, inner city arts administrators, well-known academics, and…

Frierson-Campbell, Carol, Ed.

2006-01-01

306

School Counselors and Teachers Collaborate to Implement Education Reform in an Urban High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

School counselor success at meeting student developmental goals rests significantly upon their abilities to collaborate with teachers. However, teacher time is being increasingly restricted to matters pertaining to local education reform agendas. Therefore, unless school counselors can design strategies to participate with teachers in education reform, counselors will be limited in their ability to influence student learning and development. In

Robert D. Colbert; Tamisha Bouknight

307

The Cultural Politics of the Texas Educational Reform Agenda: Examining Who Gets What, When, and How  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This critical policy examination of the economistic discourses that control Texas's accountability reforms explores how over the last three decades Texas business elite utilized the policy process, power relationships, and educational value conflicts that promote accountability as the paradigm for education reform. Attention on "who gets what,…

Salinas, Cinthia S.; Reidel, Michelle

2007-01-01

308

Reforms with Results: What Oklahoma Can Learn from Florida's K-12 Education Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florida lawmakers began a comprehensive education reform effort in 1999 combining accountability, transparency, and parental choice with other far-reaching changes. In March 2010, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) released new results showing just how successful Florida's reforms have been and how futile Oklahoma's efforts…

Ladner, Matthew

2010-01-01

309

From Formulation to Realisation: The Process of Swedish Reform in Advanced Vocational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to consider the complexities of planning and implementation of a reform in the Swedish system of higher vocational education and training (VET). The study object of this article is the Swedish reform with advanced vocational education (AVE). The two main questions the study aims to address are: "What are the main driving…

Lindell, Mats

2006-01-01

310

Transcending systems thinking in education reform: implications for policy-makers and school leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education policy-makers in the UK have repeatedly stated their central aim as transforming British education into a ‘world-class system’. Over the last 20 years, several large-scale education reforms have brought radical changes to the school curriculum, teacher professionalism and educational leadership. Explicit in these reforms, is the deployment of measurable standards of pupil attainment as a lever for achieving school

Agnieszka Bates

2012-01-01

311

Reform and Restraint in Higher Education: The French Experience, 1865-1914. Yale Higher Education Program Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the reform of 1877-1885 and the subsequent expansion of higher education, the formal Napoleonic structure of the French university gave birth to an essentially new system. A historical study examines the origins and prewar evolutions of that phase of the development of French higher education begun by the reforms of the 1880's. The foremost…

Geiger, Roger L.

312

European Education Reform and Its Impact on Curriculum and Admissions: Implications of the Bologna Process on United States Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the European-wide educational reform known as the Bologna Process in order to provide an understanding of the methodology that will be used by European countries to assess course credit hours as well as degree programs. The Bologna Process is culmination of years of educational reform within the European Union (EU) and more…

Roper, Steven D.

2007-01-01

313

Reforming STEM Undergraduate Education: What's a Faculty Member to Do?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Fairweather, J.

2011-12-01

314

Pay, Professionalism, and Politics: Reforming Teachers, Reforming Education. Australian Education Review No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1980s a new concept entered the educational lexicon in Australia--"award restructuring," or paid training leave for teachers. However, by 1993 the term had disappeared from public view. What began as a new politics of work developed into a complex debate about governance and leadership in Australian education. This book documents both…

Seddon, Terri, Ed.

315

Policy Review of the Primary and Junior Secondary Education Sub-Sectors in East Java. Educational Policy and Planning Project. A Government of Indonesia-USAID Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesian representatives and the Educational Research and Development Center studied East Javanese primary and junior secondary schools to develop a database for future planning and to identify deficiencies, constraints, and areas for fruitful reform. Issues of enrollment, personnel, curriculum, facilities and equipment, cost, and financing were…

Soebagio, Retno L.; And Others

316

Transformative Education? A Philosophic-Augustinian Response to the 2010 Albertan Reform Initiatives in "Inspiring Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta Government's 2010 "Inspiring Education" reform proposals claim to be "transformational" in nature. This paper examines these proposals in light of ancient philosophy and various among the world's wisdom traditions. Drawing particularly on the philosophic reflections of St. Augustine in his "Confessions", it argues that the proposals…

Steel, Sean

2012-01-01

317

Neoliberalism as Nihilism? A Commentary on Educational Accountability, Teacher Education, and School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses neoliberalism as an extension of settler colonialism. The article provides commentary on five recent articles on teacher education and the neoliberal agenda. The article presents an analysis of neoliberalism as despair, and as a form of nihilism. The author discusses an indigenous model of school reform and…

Tuck, Eve

2013-01-01

318

Reforming Science Education: Part I. The Search for a "Philosophy" of Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to…

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-01-01

319

The Process of Implementation of Higher Education Reforms. R & D for Higher Education, 1979: 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of implementation of higher education reforms at nine universities and colleges in France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden, Norway, and the United Kingdom is identified and compared; and a framework for implementation analysis is presented. After a brief review of the background for the study, the conceptual…

Cerych, Ladislav

320

Educational Finance and Educational Excellence: A Programmatic Approach to School Finance Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School finance reform--traditionally based exclusively on school districts' access to funding--has been made difficult by fiscal retrenchment on one hand and the educational excellence movement on the other. Stating that school districts must consider the use as well as the availability of funds, this paper proposes a new definition of equity that…

Weikart, Lynne A.; Buoncristiano, Barbara A.

321

Environmental Education and Related Fields in Idaho Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fields of environmental education, outdoor education, adventure education, and experiential education are linked by shared goals, objectives, and characteristics. National standards connect these fields to secondary education. In this preliminary study, the authors describe how aspects of the 4 fields are used by environmental educators in…

Bierle, Sean; Singletary, Ted J.

2008-01-01

322

Reduction of radioactive secondary waste with steam reforming in treatment of waste TBP/dodecane  

SciTech Connect

Waste tributyl phosphate (TBP) and normal dodecane generated from R and D activities on recycle of nuclear fuel has been stored in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). If it is incinerated, a large quantity of contaminated phosphorous compounds will be generated as radioactive secondary wastes. The objective of this study is to reduce the generation of the radioactive secondary wastes by the treatment of the waste TBP/dodecane using steam reforming system. We constructed the demonstration scale steam reforming system which consists of a gasification chamber for vaporization of wastes, a metal mesh filter for removal of radioactive nuclides from gasified wastes, a combustion chamber, and scrubbers for removal of phosphorous oxides. We conducted process demonstration tests using waste TBP/dodecane with 0.07 g/L of uranium. We studied the temperature dependence of the gasification ratio of inorganic phosphorus compounds formed by pyrolysis of TBP in the gasification chamber and removal of uranium by the filter. As the results, more than 90% of phosphorus compounds were gasified from the gasification chamber at temperature of 600 deg. C or more, and the uranium concentration in the waste water generated from the off-gas treatment system is under the detection limits. The waste water containing the separated phosphorus compounds can be discharged into the river or the sea as the liquid wastes in which uranium concentration is under the regulatory level. These results show the steam reforming system is effective in the reduction of radioactive secondary waste in the treatment of TBP/dodecane. (authors)

Sone, Tomoyuki; Sasaki, Toshiki; Yamaguchi, Hiromi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan)

2007-07-01

323

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

324

Higher education reform: conflict of interest or enhanced experience?  

PubMed

The path that nurse education in the UK has taken since it moved into the higher education (HE) system in the early 1990s has been directly influenced, not only by Department of Health policy, but also by changes to the way in which HE is structured and managed. The White Paper Higher Education: Students at the Heart of the System (Department for Business Innovation and Skills, 2011a) outlined the coalition Government's plans to encourage better standards of teaching in HE and greater responsiveness to student experience. The reforms promote competition and contestability between HE institutions to attract students and recommend removing barriers for new providers to enter the market. The decision to introduce a strong business model for HE has a number of implications for nurse education, both in the way that it is delivered and how student nurses are positioned among their peers. There is a potential conflict of interest between the student as a source of income for the HE institution and the student nurse as a member of a professional organization dedicated to ensuring the safety of the public. The decision to make it easier for alternative providers to obtain degree awarding powers could also encourage providers to take greater ownership of healthcare qualifications in the future. PMID:22240520

Sturgeon, David

325

Educational Reform, Career Education, and the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay describes Cashmere Middle School (Washington) as a positive and successful education model. The school's goals are set at an annual community meeting. Innovative school programs are outlined in the essay, and positive results in the form of academic goals, improved behavior, and student expectations are noted. (JB)

Griffith, Bernadette

1984-01-01

326

Working-Class Parents' Views of Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of upper-secondary students in public schools in New South Wales, Australia, gave accounts of their experience of education and their wider thinking about educational issues. Working-class families are bearers of educational histories which are often difficult or truncated, leaving parents with little familiarity with upper-secondary or…

Connell, R. W.

2004-01-01

327

Current State of Digital Reference in Primary and Secondary Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the domain of digital reference services for and by the primary and secondary education community. Data is provided to demonstrate the current understanding of education question types and education users in digital reference. It is believed this data will be of wide utility for digital library builders geared toward primary and secondary users (K-12) such as the

R. David Lankes

2003-01-01

328

Successful Community Organizing for School Reform. Strong Neighborhoods, Strong Schools. The Indicators Project on Education Organizing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indicators Project on Education Organizing was designed to examine the role of community organizing in school reform. For over 2 years, researchers documented the education organizing of five urban groups. This report presents an education organizing indicators framework that highlights strategies and accomplishments of education organizing.…

Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Brown, Chris

329

Asking the right questions: An analytic framework for reform of urban teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The second wave of educational excellence reforms has focused on improving teaching and teacher education to restore the nation's economic and industrial health and to reduce poverty in the inner cities. The author examines the theoretical underpinning of the conventional linkage between urban poverty, urban education, and urban teacher education, and suggests an alternative framework. An effective program to train

Lois Weiner

1989-01-01

330

How "No Child Left Behind" Threatens Florida's Successful Education Reforms. Backgrounder. No. 2226  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews nationwide education reforms under No Child Left Behind and state reforms in Florida--comparing federal and state results. The paper examines the danger that federal regulations and incentives pose to testing and accountability systems in Florida and every other state. The limits of No Child Left Behind and the promise of…

Ladner, Matthew; Lips, Dan

2009-01-01

331

The Effects of Higher Education Funding Reforms on the Lifetime Incomes of Graduates. CEE DP 78  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of substantial reforms to the system of higher education (HE) finance first announced in 2004 and then revised again in July 2007. The reforms introduced deferred fees for HE, payable by graduates through the tax system in the form of income-contingent repayments on loans subsidised by the government.…

Dearden, Lorraine; Fitzsimons, Emla; Goodman, Alissa; Kaplan, Greg

2008-01-01

332

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

333

Review and Lessons Learned of Phare Vocational Education and Training Reform Programmes, 1993-1998. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of Phare vocational education and training (VET) reform programs conducted in 13 Eastern and Central European countries in 1993-1998 and lessons learned from the programs were examined through a review of information from the following sources: a cross-country analysis on curricular reform; a review of technical evaluation…

Viertel, Evelyn; Grootings, Peter

334

Council of Medical Specialty Societies: Committed to Continuing Medical Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS) recognizes the need for continuing medical education (CME) reform and intends to be actively engaged in that process. While recognizing that CME reform must involve many organizations, the CMSS and particularly the 23 societies that make up the CMSS are in a position to affect many of the needed…

McDonald, Walter J.

2005-01-01

335

An Investigation of Prospective Teachers' Attitudes toward Educational Reforms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the present study is twofold: (a) to investigate the awareness and attitudes of prospective teachers from different departments and class levels regarding current educational reforms in Turkey and the reasons why they do or do not adhere to these reform activities, and (b) to gain thorough knowledge about information resources…

Duman, Guler; Kural Baykan, Arin; Koroglu, Gamze Nevra; Yilmaz, Selda; Erdogan, Mehmet

2014-01-01

336

Professional development and reform in science education: The role of teachers' practical knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, professional development in the context of the current reforms in science education is discussed from the perspective of developing teachers' practical knowledge. It is argued that reform efforts in the past have often been unsuccessful because they failed to take teachers' existing knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes into account. Teachers' practical knowledge is conceptualized as action-oriented and person-bound.

Jan H. van Driel; Douwe Beijaard; Nico Verloop

2001-01-01

337

A Review of Research on the Kentucky Education Reform Act 1995 (KERA).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of research identifies, reviews, and summarizes studies that address the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA) and that focus on the effects of the reforms on students, teachers, and other stakeholders. Introductory summary overviews are included in the areas of finance, governance, and curriculum, and on…

Kentucky Univ.-Louisville Univ., KY. Joint Center for the Study of Educational Policy.

338

Labour Market Effects of the Polytechnic Education Reform: The Finnish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates the labour market effects of the introduction of the polytechnic education system in Finland. The polytechnic reform gradually transformed former vocational colleges into polytechnics. Since the timing of the reform differed across schools, we can compare the performance of polytechnic graduates to the performance of…

Bockerman, Petri; Hamalainen, Ulla; Uusitalo, Roope

2009-01-01

339

Educational Reform as a Dynamic System of Problems and Solutions: Towards an Analytic Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large-scale educational reforms are difficult to realize and often fail. In the literature, the course of reform and problems associated with this are frequently discussed. The explanations and recommendations then provided are so diverse that it is difficult to gain a comprehensive overview of what factors are at play and how to take them into…

Luttenberg, Johan; Carpay, Thérèse; Veugelers, Wiel

2013-01-01

340

Online Simulation of Health Care Reform: Helping Health Educators Learn and Participate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young and healthy undergraduates in health education were not predisposed to learn the complex sprawl of topics in a required course on U.S. Health Care. An online simulation of health care reform was used to encourage student learning about health care and participating in health care reform. Students applied their understanding of high costs,…

Jecklin, Robert

2010-01-01

341

Statewide Education Reform Survey: The Judgements, Opinions and Perspectives of Local School Board Members, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the attitudes of district school board members about the implementation of school reforms based on the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA). Information on attitudes toward KERA was gathered by a mail-out, 11-page questionnaire sent to a random sample of 600 local school board members. The questionnaire asked for the…

Kentucky School Boards Association, Frankfort.

342

Statewide Education Reform Survey: The Judgements, Opinions and Perspectives of Kentucky School Superintendents, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the attitudes of school superintendents in Kentucky about the implementation of school reforms based on the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA); this survey also investigated changes in the perceptions of superintendents over the previous year related to the policies, programs, and practices of KERA. The study was…

Kentucky Association of School Superintendents.

343

Future Perfect? Conflict and Agency in Higher Education Reform in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is based on an analysis of interviews with individuals engaged in systemic reform of higher education (HE) in Poland. The reform is perceived as controversial: it is supported by the media and claimed to be in line with the expectations of external stakeholders of HE, as well as being congruent with Poland's international…

Szkudlarek, Tomasz; Stankiewicz, Lukasz

2014-01-01

344

It's Our School Too: Youth Activism as Educational Reform, 1951-1979  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activism has the potential for reform (Howard, 1976). Unlike previous studies on high school activism this study places a primary focus on underground newspapers and argues that underground newspapers allowed high school students to function as activists as well as educational reformers. In order to make this argument, this study examined over 150…

Ajunwa, Kelechi

2011-01-01

345

Regulatory Autonomy and Performance: The Reform of Higher Education Re-Visited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this article is to contribute to the understanding of organizational autonomy and control in higher education reform and related expectations as regards the performance of universities. Our analyses draws on principal-agent models as a normative theory of policy reform, and institutionalist approaches in public policy and…

Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry; Weyer, Elke

2013-01-01

346

Higher Education Policy Reform in Ethiopia: The Representation of the Problem of Gender Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education (HE) subsystem in Ethiopia has passed through a series of policy reforms in the last 10 years. Key reform areas ranged from improving quality and relevance of programmes to promoting equality in access to and success in HE. Despite the effort underway, gender inequality has remained a critical challenge in the subsystem. This…

Molla, Tebeje

2013-01-01

347

Continuing Professional Development for Special Educators: Reforms and Implications for University Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on proposed reforms for the continuing professional development stage of the teacher preparation continuum. It includes information on performance standards practicing special educators will need to address, proposed changes in licensure and certification, and proposed reforms in continuing professional development…

Dudzinski, Maryann; Roszmann-Millican, Michele; Shank, Kathlene

2000-01-01

348

Harmony and Disharmony in an Educational Reform Concert: Towards a Parsons' Inspired Dynamic Model of Tuning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In large-scale educational reforms, many actors play their roles. The diversity of contributions and lack of harmonization prove to be frequently found to cause educational reform failures. Many explanations for these failures focus on differences between the actors and on differences in their contributions to the reform process. In this article,…

Carpay, Thérèse; Luttenberg, Johan; Veugelers, Wiel; Pieters, Jules

2013-01-01

349

Master Teachers in Residence: Bringing a Classroom Perspective to Course Reform for NSF's Oklahoma Teacher Education Collaborative (O-TEC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Master teachers can be influential in course revision. The Oklahoma Teacher Education Collaborative (O-TEC) teacher reform effort is a consortium of nine higher education institutions working with the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) reform effort to produce teachers better equipped for teaching science and mathematics. The reform emphasizes…

Ramsey, Sarah; Neathery, Faye; Fholer, Gwen; Weger, Elayne; Voth, Bonnie; Townsend, Joyce; Campbell, DeAnn; Boedecker, Martha

350

Market Orientation in the UK Higher Education Sector: the influence of the education reform process 1979?1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1979 the Conservative government has attempted to increase efficiency and customer satisfaction in all areas of the Public Sector by introducing market?orientated reforms. Higher education has been different in that this process has been associated with rapid expansion. This paper examines the nature of this reform process and argues that rather than it leading to institutions which have a

Graeme Lindsay; Timothy Rodgers

1998-01-01

351

Culture and Fashion in Reform Implementation: Perceptions and Adaptation of Management Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how two government-initiated reforms, result-oriented planning and quality assessment, were perceived by 43 department heads and faculty at Norwegian colleges and universities. While result-oriented planning was perceived as an unnecessary reform, causing high tension and having only symbolic effects, quality assessment was seen as valid,…

Stensaker, Bjorn

1998-01-01

352

Integrating biodefense topics into secondary education curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns about threats posed by microorganisms found in nature are compounded with the possibility for intentional dissemination. Our vulnerability has increased due to more frequent travel between geographical regions, newly emerging pathogens, changes in terrorist activities, and advances in biotechnology. To increase awareness and global preparedness for threats posed by biological agents, educators need to have access to training and materials to educate the next generation in these issues. To assess what approach would provide educators with the tools necessary to incorporate biodefense related content into their current curricula, secondary education science teachers were surveyed about factors limiting the content of curricula presented in their courses. Results indicate that the most influential barriers to curricula change are time limitations and state mandated exam pressures. Analysis measuring differences in survey responses between two groups of teachers who are separated based on their level of using mandated state objectives to guide their curricula planning indicates that pressures of state mandated exam scores and a general fear of unsuccessful results are determinants for separating teachers into one of these two groups. A teacher training workshop conducive to supporting curricula change was held with the goal of increasing awareness of current threats posed by biological agents and modern biodefense strategies. The workshop was also designed to assist participants in overcoming barriers challenging their ability to incorporate new content into curricula. Participant responses to a post-workshop survey were favorable for measurements of the workshop effectiveness towards diminishing barriers to teacher initiated curricula changes. Respondents reported increased understanding of modern biology, increased realization of the importance of updating curricula with modern knowledge, and increased likeliness of incorporating content from the workshop into current curriculum.

Dalfrey, Karen E.

353

Issues in Teacher Education Reform: Implications for the Preparation of Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on two issues in teacher education reform: (1) excellence and equity; and (2) content and pedagogy. Concludes that the United States needs teachers who foster democratic values and prepare students for effective citizenship. (BSR)

Ochoa, Anna S.

1988-01-01

354

International Seminar on the Role of Trade Unions in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the content and conclusions from sessions of an international seminar on the role of trade unions in educational reform, organized by the International Labour Office in May 1976 and held near Oslo, Norway. (MF)

Nordahl, K.

1977-01-01

355

Conceptions of systemic reform: California science education as an investigative example  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored three perspectives of systemic reform in the context of the California state strategies for improving science education. The three perspectives are those of conceptualizers, implementers, and government administrators. The California case study is examined during the ten-year period from 1983 to 1993. This study is of particular significance, because it examines science education reforms during the ten-year period of Bill Honig's state superintendency in the largest and most diverse state. By examining the facets of state science reforms from three rather different perspectives, the study contrasts how systemic reform definitions vary with role. This qualitative study employs document analysis, archival reviews, and participant interviews as the primary data collection methods. Document analysis included key curriculum frameworks, project proposals and reports, relevant legislation, and professional correspondence. Archival reviews included databases (such as the California Basic Educational Data System), assessment reports (such as the California Assessment Program---Rationale and Content), and policy analyses (such as the Policy Analysis for California Education---Conditions of Education). Interviews were conducted for each of the three perspectives across five segments of the reform strategy for a total of fifteen interviews. Data analysis consisted of combining detailed reviews of documents, archives, and interview information with an examination of perspectives, by role group. The study concludes with an analysis of how each role group perceived the facets of systemic reform in the context of the California case study of science education reform. In addition, the research points to "lessons learned", the strengths and weaknesses of systemic reform strategies at the state level. The study offers recommendations to other large-scale (state level) policy reformers interested in creating, sustaining, and maintaining lasting change.

Sachse, Thomas Paul

356

School Reform and Mental Health Services for Students with Emotional Disturbances Educated in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes for students in special education continue to be disappointing and those having emotional disturbances (ED) continue to lag behind the other disability groups. In this study, school reform activities and the effects on students who are educated in special education programs for students who have ED were examined. Demographically similar…

Duchnowski, A. J.; Kutash, K.

2011-01-01

357

The Alberta Strategy for Educational Reform: Balancing Inputs, Processes, and Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A results-based educational approach focuses on the outcomes of processes and inputs into the educational system and stresses results, such as student achievement, rather than process. The results-based educational reform initiatives undertaken in Alberta from 1982-1990 are described in this paper, with a focus on interrelated results-oriented…

Zatko, Gary

358

From Sputnik to the Spellings Commission: The Rhetoric of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1946, Harry S. Truman formed the first-ever presidential commission on higher education. Since that time, reports by commissioned panels of experts calling for reforms to postsecondary education have proliferated. The Spellings Commission on the Future of Higher Education provides yet the most recent high-profile example of how reformists…

Markwardt, Daylanne

2012-01-01

359

Higher Education Funding Reform and University-Industry Links in Developing Countries: The Case of Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most investigations into the effects of funding changes on higher education systems have been carried out in developed economies. This article focuses on the Thai higher education system, applying theoretical arguments and empirical analyses to the case of a newly industrialising country. One goal of the Thai higher education funding reform is to…

Schiller, Daniel; Liefner, Ingo

2007-01-01

360

The Education Reform Act 1988: Success or Failure? A Short Report of a BELMAS Discussion Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years after the introduction of the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA), BELMAS (British Educational Leadership, Management & Administration Society) held a discussion forum for academics, teachers and all those interested in education policy and practice. Was the ERA a success or a failure? The one-day forum of presentations and discussions in…

Strain, Michael

2009-01-01

361

Beyond the Popular and Politically Correct: Multicultural Education and the Reform of Theatre Pedagogy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multicultural education is still a relatively new trend in the American system of higher education. As with any new pedagogy, there is a tendency to reduce the genuine possibility of educational reform to mere superficiality--good intentions lacking substance. Behind the "camouflage" of politically correct language and actions, individuals need…

Becker, Becky K.

362

Australian Teacher Education Reforms: Reinforcing the Problem or Providing a Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform represents a long-term focus of Australian governments. National policy documents have emphasised quality education for all and improved teacher quality for over 30 years. The gaps in achievement among various groups of learners represent a problem for an education system seeking to achieve national quality benchmarks,…

O'Meara, James

2011-01-01

363

Views from the Blackboard: Neoliberal Education Reforms and the Practice of Teaching in Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses findings from two case studies examining the impact of neoliberal education reform on the classroom practice of teachers and adult educators in Ontario, Canada. We asked educators to comment on the impacts of 20 years of policy shifts in their classrooms. Teachers in public schools and adult literacy programmes echoed each…

Carpenter, Sara; Weber, Nadya; Schugurensky, Daniel

2012-01-01

364

Psychology Studies' Drive to Educational Reform in the Last 20 Years in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to better understand the relationship between educational psychology research and educational reform, this essay reviews the development of educational psychology studies in the last 20 years in China. The study shows that: (1) Rapid development has been made in the areas of establishing discipline systems; (2) Research fields have been…

Zhang, Da-jun; Xu, Xing-chun

2006-01-01

365

Supporting a Nation of Learners: The Role of School Counseling in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most recent school reform agenda directed the development of national standards across the academic content areas to improve educational practice and pedagogy. U.S. Department of Education's (1994) Goals 2000: The Educate America Act and its subsequent nationwide implementation largely ignored the involvement of school counseling in school…

Dahir, Carol A.

2004-01-01

366

The Challenge To Reform Arts Education: What Role Can Research Play? ACA Arts Research Seminar Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the role of research in efforts to reform art education. The essays include: "Arts Education Research: Issues, Constraints, and Opportunities" by David B. Pankratz; "Characterizing Civilization: Research Strategies, Findings, and Implications from the National Endowment for the Arts' Report on Arts Education" by…

Pankratz, David B., Ed.; Mulcahy, Kevin V., Ed.

367

"Tongshi" Education Reform in a Chinese University: Knowledge, Values, and Organizational Changes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Derived from the Confucian educational tradition, the term "Tongshi" reflects a contemporary Chinese effort to break away from the former Soviet legacy and forge undergraduate curricula on the basis of a US general education model. In recent years, "Tongshi" education reform has entered the spotlight in Chinese universities as they have sought…

Zhang, Donghui

2012-01-01

368

Reform of Teacher Education Said to Require Professional Status and Cooperative Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unless schoolteachers are respected as professionals, the drive to improve education will stall, according to educators speaking at the first national meeting of the Holmes Group, an organization of research universities dedicated to reforming teacher education. Regional priorities, goals, liberal-arts graduates as instructors, and Black teachers…

Evangelauf, Jean

1987-01-01

369

The Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education through Curriculum Reform in Finnish Comprehensive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How has entrepreneurship education been implemented in Finnish comprehensive schools. A two-part survey was undertaken in 43 municipalities with different educational and socio-economic backgrounds. The first part, in 2005, dealt with the local curriculum reform with a focus on the development of entrepreneurship education. The second part, in…

Seikkula-Leino, Jaana

2011-01-01

370

Project Education Reform: Time for Results. Newsletters--May, September, and December, 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major topics covered in these newsletters include: (1) background information on Project Education Reform; (2) "The Governors' 1991 Report on Education: Time for Results"; (3) elementary education and the National Governors' Association (NGA) project; (4) the goals of 16 school sites in carrying out recommendations from the NGA report on…

Project Education Reform: Time for Results, 1987

1987-01-01

371

Radical Administrative Reforms in New Zealand Education: The Implications of the Picot Report for Institutional Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are current statistics and a history of the New Zealand education system from the 1877 Education Act to the Picot Taskforce. Included are reform recommendations made by the Taskforce, particularly specific principal role expectations in the areas of facilitating governance, corporate planning, educational leadership, and management…

Macpherson, R. J. S.

1989-01-01

372

Democratizing Higher Education and Access to Science: The Portuguese Reform 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The democratization of higher education through strategically driven science policies and higher education reforms is documented in this paper. These represent complementary policy actions oriented towards strengthening social, cultural and economic dimensions that allow higher education institutions (HEIs) to grow and to train graduates able to…

Heitor, Manuel; Horta, Hugo

2014-01-01

373

Ghana's Education Reform 2007: A Realistic Proposition or a Crisis of Vision?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ghana's recent "Education Reform 2007" envisions a system that strives to achieve both domestic and internationally-oriented goals emanating (1) from the Education for All (EFA) initiative, (2) from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and (3) from global trends in education. Emboldened by the implementation of…

Kuyini, Ahmed Bawa

2013-01-01

374

Historical Aspects of the Concept of "Compulsory Education": Rethinking the Rhetoric of Debates in Current Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current Educational Reform in Japan is oddly captured with confused conceptions of "compulsory education." The Ministry of Education blankets such connotations of it, as a national budget system, mandated school curriculum, responsible partnership of school with community and accountabilities of local school board, in defense of vested national…

Sato, Manabu

2008-01-01

375

"The Soul of a Nation": Abdallah Nadim and Educational Reform in Egypt (1845-1896).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines major influences on the life of Abdallah Nadim, a 19th century Egyptian social reformer who experimented throughout his life with educating the nation. Reviews his life history, discussing the educational terrain of 1890s Egypt with a focus on girls' education, and noting specific articles authored by Nadim on Muslim youth and European…

Herrera, Linda

2002-01-01

376

Introducing EPRRI: The Educational Policy Reform Research Institute. EPRRI Policy Updates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first issue of the Educational Policy Reform Research Institute's (EPRRI)publication, "Policy Updates," introduces the Institute and briefly reports on three key elements of accountability. It notes that EPRRI investigates the impact of educational accountability on students with disabilities and on special education. The Institute is…

Educational Policy Reform Research Inst., College Park, MD.

377

Reforming Science Education: Part I. The Search for a Philosophy of Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to competition with alternative visions and paradigms (e.g. STS, multi-culturalism, constructivism, traditionalism) which deadlock implementation, and which have led to conflicting meanings of scientific literacy, but the inability to rise above the debate. At issue is a fundamental problem plaguing science education at the school level, one it shares with education in general. It is my contention that it requires a guiding “metatheory” of education that can appropriately distance itself from the dual dependencies of metatheories in psychology and the demands of socialization—especially as articulated in most common conceptions of scientific literacy tied to citizenship. I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science. This will be elaborated in Part II of a supplemental paper to the present one. As a prerequisite to presenting Egan’s metatheory I first raise the issue of the need for a conceptual shift back to philosophy of education within the discipline, and thereto, on developing and demarcating true educational theories (essentially neglected since Hirst). In the same vein it is suggested a new research field should be opened with the express purpose of developing a discipline-specific “philosophy of science education” (largely neglected since Dewey) which could in addition serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

378

National Efforts to Bring Reform to Scale in America's High-Poverty Elementary and Secondary Schools: Outcomes and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1960s, there have been continuing federal efforts to bring reform to scale in high-poverty elementary and secondary schools across the U.S. This paper traces the evolution of these efforts and discusses their impacts on achievement outcomes. Drawing on evidence from meta-analyses of the Title I evaluation literature and the Comprehensive…

Borman, Geoffrey D.

2009-01-01

379

Parity and Prestige in English Secondary Education Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Olive Banks' work Parity and Prestige in English Secondary Education made a major and distinctive contribution to the literature on the historical development of secondary education. Her work exemplified a close relationship between sociology and history, examined a vital and enduring theme that continues to be relevant and pervasive, helped to…

McCulloch, Gary

2008-01-01

380

Suspended in Liminal Space: Special Education Administrators and the Decade of Educational Reform within the NYC School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highly politicized educational reforms in New York City have seen special education become marginalized as a casualty of the accountability movement. There is a liminal space between "old" and "new" ways where special education administrators find themselves as they consider their roles and responsibilities in continuing to press for opportunities…

Connor, David J.

2012-01-01

381

Leading in the Age of Post-Socialist Education Transformations: Examining Sustainability of Teacher Education Reform in Latvia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the former socialist countries of Southeastern/Central Europe and the former Soviet Union have embarked on their journeys from authoritarian to democratic societies in the early 1990s, education systems across the region have experienced major changes. From curriculum revision to education finance reforms, virtually no aspect of the education

Webster, Colin; Silova, Iveta; Moyer, Amy; McAllister, Suzanne

2011-01-01

382

Financing Secondary Education in Developing Countries: Strategies for Sustainable Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the problems and issues of secondary-school financing in developing countries. It outlines the rationale for expanding secondary education, investigates under what conditions it might be possible to do so at sustainable cost levels, presents case studies of secondary-school financing, and offers policy recommendations. The first…

Lewin, Keith; Caillods, Francoise

383

The Politics of Teacher Education Reform. The National Commission on Teaching and America's Future. Yearbook of the Politics of Education Association. [Volume 13].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of papers on the politics of teacher education reform. The book begins with "Introduction to the Politics of Teacher Preparation Reform" (Karen Symms Gallagher and Jerry D. Bailey). Part 1, "Issues From the National Arena," includes "The Politics of Teacher Education Reform: Strategic Philanthropy and Public Policy…

Gallagher, Karen Symms, Ed.; Bailey, Jerry D., Ed.

384

The Collegiate Way: Residential Colleges and Higher Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Much ado has been in made in recent years about how best to reform or modify undergraduate education, from developing inclusive and multicultural curricula to creating a supposedly more "student-friendly" environment. Dr. Robert J. O'Hara (who has thirteen years experience in residential college life and administration) has developed this Web site to provide information about how colleges and universities might address the problems surrounding student life. On the Web site, Dr. O'Hara provides a wealth of information about the residential college model, which may serve as a remedy to some of the cacophony and disorder that has come to characterize some large campuses in the United States. The site contains six main areas, some of which highlight materials on how to build a residential college, frequent objections to the collegiate model, and a substantial list of recommended readings. Dr. O'Hara also maintains an updated news section on the site featuring reading materials on developments within the world of residential colleges, both extant and proposed.

2000-01-01

385

On the Reform of Higher Education and Science in Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making sure that any reforms enjoy social support is an urgent problem in societal transformations. This truth has been hard won by history and has rightly taken on the status of an axiom. What makes reforms different from revolutions is that they are limited when it comes to the use of the mechanisms of destruction and suppression. In contrast to…

Gurevich, L. Ia.

2011-01-01

386

The Impact of Education Reform: A Survey of State Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a State-by-State listing of the impact of foreign language teaching reform in the United States. Information for each State includes enrollments; foreign language assistance program (FLAP); systemic reform; standards, testing and assessment; agency or department restructuring and reorganization; and effect on foreign languages,…

Inman, Julie E., Comp.; LaBouve, Robert, Comp.

387

The Potential Impact of Health Care Reform on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 522 colleges and universities investigated the impact of health care reform proposals. Results provide an overview of typical current medical plan design, including coverage for part- and full-time employees, and give insight into attitudes toward the idea of regional health alliances, a potentially useful reform approach. (MSE)

Reace, Diana

1994-01-01

388

Assessing Knowledge Levels of Secondary School Physical Education and Sports Teachers about Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to assess knowledge levels of physical education teachers in inclusive education in secondary schools. For the research, the survey method was employed. It consisted of 55 physical education teachers employed in 47 secondary schools included in inclusive education program under Kocaeli Provincial Directorate of…

Aydin, Mensure

2014-01-01

389

How do Academics adopt new practices during a reform ? The Evolution of doctoral education in France 1992-2009.  

E-print Network

1 How do Academics adopt new practices during a reform ? The Evolution of doctoral education France Email: vincent.mangematin@grenoble-em.com Abstract How have reforms in French doctoral education and academic research been implemented? How do changing doctoral education practices lead to changing research

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

Teacher Education Reform in Zambia...Is It a Case of a Square Peg in a Round Hole?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study of institutional response to policy-driven/donor-influenced teacher-education reforms in Zambia, exploring perceptions and reactions of teacher educators as they cope with a new teacher-education paradigm and examining how policy-driven reforms can be at cross-purposes with, and destabilize, the professional beliefs of the…

Musonda, Lawrence W.

1999-01-01

391

Part-Time Employment by Secondary Agricultural Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare secondary agricultural educators' perceptions of the benefits and problems associated with teaching agricultural education and being involved in other part-time employment activities. The sample consisted of 107 agricultural educators nonrandomly selected from three states. Sixty-nine usable questionnaires…

Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Scarbrough, Connie; Gartin, Stacy A.; Boone, Deborah A.

2006-01-01

392

Change Forces: Probing the Depths of Educational Reform. School Development and the Management of Change Series: 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debunking popular reform efforts, this book argues that education reformers are fighting a fruitless uphill battle. Neither top-down regulation nor locally based reforms will transform schooling. The insurmountable problem is juxtaposing a continuous change theme with a continuous, conservative system that defies change. In partnership with all…

Fullan, Michael

393

Reformed Undergraduate Instruction and its Subsequent Impact on Secondary School Teaching Practice and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT) Program is one of several reform efforts supported by the National Science Foundation. The primary ACEPT reform mechanism has been month-long summer workshops in which university and community college science and mathematics faculty learn about instructional reforms

Adamson, Scott L.; Banks, Debra; Burtch, Mark; Cox, Frank, III; Judson, Eugene; Turley, Jeffery B.; Benford, Russell; Lawson, Anton E.

2003-01-01

394

A Study of Workplace Aggression as Related to Pedagogical Reform in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Previous research on pedagogical reforms has seldom looked at how reform may contribute to aggression in school organizations. The purpose of this paper is to hypothesize that teachers' disengagement from school mediates the tendency for teachers to manifest aggression when they are implementing pedagogical reform in school. Behind…

Tam, Frank Wai-ming

2013-01-01

395

National Science-Education Standards: Around the Reform Bush...Again?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses three recent attempts to establish national science-education standards: "Project 2061: Science for All Americans"; the National Research Council's national standards for curriculum, teaching, and assessment; and the Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Suggests that such reform movements could provide useful direction to local school…

Riechard, Donald E.

1994-01-01

396

Reforming Society through Education for Gifted Children: The Case of Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the current education reform agenda in Kazakhstan, which is underpinned, in part, by the argument that investment in human capital through elite institutions for gifted children can lift up the whole system of education. The paper revisits two broad theoretical perspectives, relating to human capital and to ideas about…

Yakavets, Natallia

2014-01-01

397

Challenging the Post-Fordist/Flexible Organisation Thesis: The Case of Reformed Educational Organisations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines claims that recent reforms to UK education have led to significant organisational changes in primary school and higher education. It also examines two main theoretical explanations for these, namely post-Fordism and New Managerialism. Examples of changes in both schools and universities, including flexibility and teamwork, are…

Brehony, Kevin J.; Deem, Rosemary

2005-01-01

398

Tinkering and Tailoring: The Reform of 14-19 Education in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last 30 years have witnessed ongoing calls for the reform of post-14 education, to make it more responsive to the needs of employers and the economy, and overcome the academic-vocational divide. This article maps out recent proposals and changes in 14-19 education to remind us that they are rooted in a complex past, and while they might appear…

Jephcote, Martin; Abbott, Ian

2005-01-01

399

Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

2013-01-01

400

Hallie Quinn Brown (1845-Or 1850-1949): Educator, Author, Lecturer, Founder, and Reformer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most black educators are aware of black pioneers, such as Frederick Douglass, Phillis Wheatley, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, George Washington Carver, Mary McLeod Bethune, and others, Few are, however, aware of Hallie Quinn Brown (1845-or 1850-1949) educator, author, lecture, founder, and reformer, who wrote one of the first biographies…

Evans, A.L.; Lamikanra, A.E.; Jones, O.S.L.; Evans, V.

2004-01-01

401

The Will to Quantify: The "Bottom Line" in the Market Model of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: There is a deep and yawning chasm between the world of tests and testing practices as they ought to be and the actual tests and testing practices now imposed on American students, educators, and schools. That chasm of theory and practice is a function of the dominant paradigm of educational reform, with its theory of action…

Casey, Leo M.

2013-01-01

402

The New Basic Education and Whole School Reform: A Chinese Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, China has entered an era of transformation which has extended its reach to education and school reforms. The "New Basic Education" (NBE) was born in this era and implemented by the East China Normal University together with schools around the country. NBE aims at nurturing the active, healthy development of a new…

Bu, Yuhua; Li, Jiacheng

2013-01-01

403

Duty Calls for Interculturalism: How Do Teachers Perceive the Reform of Intercultural Education in Cyprus?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of Cyprus's accession to the European Union and a huge wave of immigration towards the country, teachers are called upon to teach within more diverse educational settings. In consideration of the substantial role teachers play in implementing intercultural education, this study explores their perceptions of the reform of…

Hajisoteriou, Christina

2013-01-01

404

The Comparative Argument in the Case of the Greek Educational Reform in 1997-1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During debates in the Greek parliament about the 1997-98 educational reform, comparative argumentation was used by all political parties. Comparative arguments focused on educational realities in the European Union and North America, notably comprehensive schools, teacher appointments, and evaluation methods. Comparative data influenced the…

Bouzakis, Siphis; Koustourakis, Gerasimos

2002-01-01

405

Why Are Studies of Neighborhoods and Communities Central to Education Policy and Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand the long shadow of education policy and reform in the United States, especially in the urban core, requires a full and elaborate understanding of the neighborhoods and communities that have transformed in the last 20 or 30 years. Studying classrooms and educational spaces without concomitant understanding of the dynamics and facets…

Hopson, Rodney

2014-01-01

406

Comparing Higher Education Reforms in Finland and Portugal: Different Contexts, Same Solutions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a comparative analysis of recent governance reforms in both Finnish and Portuguese higher education institutions (HEIs), following the OECD's recent reviews of both countries' tertiary education systems. While in the case of Finland the major problem was identified as being a lack of entrepreneurialism, Portugal was…

Kauko, Jaakko; Diogo, Sara

2012-01-01

407

Guide to Reform in Mathematics and Science Education: The Big Players.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many organizations, both public and private, are involved in the current push for reform in science and mathematics education. This guide to some of the players in science and mathematics education is selective, focusing on key players at the national level. It is designed to be used by teachers and parents to orient themselves to the ongoing…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX. Southwest Consortium for the Improvement of Mathematics and Science Teaching.

408

Young Christopher Langdell, 1826-1854: The Formation of an Educational Reformer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an evidenced account of Christopher Columbus Langdell, arguably the best-known and most influential figure in the history of U.S. legal education, from his birth in 1826 until his departure from law school in 1854. Attempts to explain the formation of his interest in education, as well as the origins of significant reforms in legal…

Kimball, Bruce A.

2002-01-01

409

Educating the U.S. Army: Arthur L. Wagner and Reform, 1875-1905.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arthur Lockwood Wagner, who graduated from West Point in 1876, was one of the best known and most influential U.S. Army officers of his day. An intellectual and educator, Wagner was instrumental in some of the most critical reforms in U.S. Army history. He advocated enhanced military education, adopting modern combat techniques, holding…

Brereton, T. R.

410

Russians' Attitudes toward the Reform of Higher Educational Institutions in 2006 and 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey was intended to combat bureaucratic and criminal malfeasance in the system of higher education. Experts in seven federal districts in Russia were asked to determine the attitudes of the population toward higher education reforms in the past two years. Survey data show that Russians are generally not in favor of many of the changes in…

Grigor'ev, S. I.

2009-01-01

411

The Problems and Some Suggestions in the Current System Reform of Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to China's reform and opening to the world over the last three decades, the conventional normal education system, which is characterized by independent orientation, is now being challenged by a comprehensive and multi-faceted modern teacher education system that has taken shape. It is high time that we attached great significance to the…

Yang, Tian-ping

2011-01-01

412

Educational Reforms in Greece (1959-1997) and Human Capital Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the effects of Human Capital Theory on the theoretical frameworks, the rhetoric and the aims of the educational reforms that took place in Greece during the period 1959 to 1997. It also deals with the re-emergence of the theory in the 1990s within the new context, as an important element of the neo-liberal education

Georgiadis, Nikos M.

2007-01-01

413

National Public Opinion on School Health Education: Implications for the Health Care Reform Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated national public opinion on school health education and the implications for health-care reform initiatives. Telephone surveys of 1,005 adults nationwide indicated that the public at large believes in the importance of health education to reduce health problems among children, considering it the responsibility of parents and…

Torabi, Mohammad R.; Crowe, James W.

1995-01-01

414

Islamization or Secularization? Educational Reform and the Search for Peace in the Southern Philippines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2001 many observers of education in the Muslim world have expressed concerns about the radicalizing influence of madrasahs. These critiques often assume that the ichotomization of sacred and secular common to civic society in the West is a necessary ingredient of any educational reforms designed to prevent the spread of religious extremism…

Milligan, Jeffrey Ayala

2004-01-01

415

Translating Globalization and Democratization into Local Policy: Educational Reform in Hong Kong and Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have witnessed three important international trends: an increase in the number of democratic states; economic globalization; and educational reforms in light of the challenges of the new millennium. A great deal of research has addressed educational change in relation to either globalization or democratization, but little has…

Law, Wing-Wah

2004-01-01

416

Imaging the Frame: Media Representations of Teachers, Their Unions, NCLB, and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the political discourse surrounding NCLB, educational reform, and how that discourse shaped perceptions of public education during the Bush Administration. Examining mass media campaigns in the New York Times and Time Magazine, the article demonstrates how the media has visually and textually framed and reinforced NCLB and…

Goldstein, Rebecca A.

2011-01-01

417

The Era of Centralisation: The 1988 Education Reform Act and Its Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a "FORUM" article published in 2005 (Volume 47, Nos 2 & 3, see EJ736851) Terry Wrigley argued that "Another school is possible". The article prompted Trevor Fisher to respond explaining why, in his view, the centralising thrust of the 1988 Education Reform Act, the shift in power relationships, the politicisation of education over the past two…

Fisher, Trevor

2008-01-01

418

Using Pre-K to Advance Education Reform: Opportunities for State Advisory Councils. Research Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By strengthening linkages between pre-k programs and education reform agendas, Early Childhood Councils are well positioned to influence their states' school improvement activities. This brief identifies specific steps councils can take to maximize their states' investments in early education including aligning policy prior to and following Pre-K.…

Goffin, Stacie G.; Regenstein, Elliot

2011-01-01

419

Health Care Reform: How Will It Affect Nursing?--Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing educators have the opportunity to advance nursing's agenda for health care reform to ensure effective health care for all members of society. They have a key role in fostering the political involvement of student nurses and nurses who have returned to school for baccalaureate or graduate education. Role modeling is critical to increasing…

Zalon, Margarete Lieb

420

Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Pathways and Partnerships. Institutional Management in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid growth of tertiary education is partly due to the expansion of post-secondary vocational education and training (PSV). A well developed post-secondary PSV system and links between universities and VET institutions improve skills and employment opportunities. What is post-secondary PSV and how does it relate to other components of the…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

421

Educational Opportunities in Washington's High Schools under State Education Reform: High School Responses to Expectations for Change. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes educational programs and opportunities available to Washington state's high school students, emphasizing changes brought about by the state's education reform. Information came from surveys and interviews with teachers, students, and parents and state and national data. The study examined whether high schools were increasing…

McLain, Barbara; Thompson, Madeleine

422

Education Reform as a "Weapon of Mass (Education) Destruction" versus Artful Resistance as a "Weapon of Mass Creation"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the purposes of this article, I am advocating for a set of creative educational practices that are artistic in process and product, which are established with the intent of resisting, refusing, and revolutionizing the ways in which we conceive of, or embody, education praxis in public schools. As predatory reformers attempt to colonize public…

McDermott McNulty, Morna

2014-01-01

423

'Wishing for Dragon Children': Ironies and Contradictions in China's Education Reform and the Chinese Diaspora's Disappointments with Australian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the re-traditionalisation of 'wishing for dragon children' creates difficulties for China's current education reforms and informs the disquiet expressed by Chinese-Australians about Australian education. We develop this argument around three key propositions. First, we explore Confucianism and the civil service examination…

Wu, Jianguo; Singh, Michael

2004-01-01

424

Seeking Common Ground on Education Reform: An Annotated Collection of Resources [and] Policy Options for Seeking Common Ground in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforming schools involves change and, like all change, it faces opposition. This 2-part report is designed to help local school and community leaders involved in education who are experiencing growing opposition to school improvement efforts. The first part includes materials and resources educational leaders can use to promote change. Each entry…

Crohn, Leslie; Hagans, Rex W.

425

A Study of the Fifty States To Determine the Effect of Educational Reform on Seven Educational Improvement Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status and effects of state-initiated educational reform were studied for local school districts in seven areas of educational improvement (EI): (1) state-mandated testing of students; (2) state curricular outcomes; (3) summer remediation; (4) state evaluation of local districts; (5) more stringent teacher requirements; (6) mentoring; and (7)…

Cooley, Van E.; Thompson, Jay C., Jr.

426

Ways Constituency Development Fund Promotes Secondary Education in Laikipia West District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kenya started providing secondary school education as part of her basic education in 2008 through subsidized secondary education in 2008, but was faced by two major challenges; secondary schools are fewer than primary schools, and secondary education is more costly than primary education. This has made many students especially those from poor…

Mwangi, Peter Murage

2013-01-01

427

A Conceptual Basis for Health Education in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of widespread adolescent problems with drugs, sexuality, and delinquent behavior, the author calls for a new health education curriculum for the secondary grades. She suggests a primary prevention model emphasizing values and decision making. (SJL)

Thornburg, Ellen

1981-01-01

428

The New Educational Policy for the Reform of the Curriculum and the Change of School Knowledge in the Case of Greek Compulsory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks critically at Greek educational reform to the curriculum of compulsory education--reform that took place so that Greece could put into practice the decisions of the European Union of Lisbon (2000) for the contribution of education to the adaptation of the new data of the "knowledge society". Bernstein's theory about pedagogic…

Koustourakis, Gerasimos

2007-01-01

429

The Reform and Development of the VE System in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vocational education (VE) system in China has been reformed and redeveloped over the past 20 years and now has a rational structure and stages from junior to senior levels that match the industrial sectors and link to regular secondary education. The reform and development of the Chinese VE system was carried out in three stages. The senior…

Liu, Yufeng

430

Career and Technical Education Secondary Female Teachers: Leadership Attributes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the leadership attributes, professional characteristics, and personal characteristics of secondary female teachers in career and technical education program areas of agriculture, business, family and consumer sciences, healthcare science, marketing, and technology. This study included 179 female secondary

White, Tedra H.; Smith, Bettye P.

2012-01-01

431

An Analysis of Access Barriers to Post-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-Secondary Education (PSE) in Ontario and in Canada has expanded on both the demand and supply sides in the last couple of decades. As of 2007, 50% of the population aged 18 to 24 was enrolled in post-secondary institutions. Enrolment in Ontario universities grew from 10,000 in 1960 to approximately 400,000 in 2007 (Clark, Moran, Skolnik, &…

Vaccaro, Angelo

2012-01-01

432

Developing Leadership Capacity in English Secondary Schools and Universities: Global Positioning and Local Mediation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government responses to globalisation include developing educational leaders as reformers for workforce competitiveness in the knowledge economy. Qualitative research tracked interventions involving national leadership development bodies to acculturate leaders in secondary schools and universities. Acculturating leaders as reformers was mediated…

Wallace, Mike; Deem, Rosemary; O'Reilly, Dermot; Tomlinson, Michael

2011-01-01

433

Impact of equity models and statistical measures on interpretations of educational reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present three models of equity and show how these, along with the statistical measures used to evaluate results, impact interpretation of equity in education reform. Equity can be defined and interpreted in many ways. Most equity education reform research strives to achieve equity by closing achievement gaps between groups. An example is given by the study by Lorenzo et al. that shows that interactive engagement methods lead to increased gender equity. In this paper, we reexamine the results of Lorenzo et al. through three models of equity. We find that interpretation of the results strongly depends on the model of equity chosen. Further, we argue that researchers must explicitly state their model of equity as well as use effect size measurements to promote clarity in education reform.

Rodriguez, Idaykis; Brewe, Eric; Sawtelle, Vashti; Kramer, Laird H.

2012-12-01

434

Improving Secondary Students' Academic Achievement through a Focus on Reform Reliability: 4- and 9-Year Findings from the High Reliability Schools Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe a reform effort in which characteristics derived from High Reliability Organization research were used to shape whole school reform. Longitudinal analyses of outcome data from 12 Welsh secondary schools indicated that 4 years after the effort was initiated, student outcomes at the sites were strongly positive. Additional…

Stringfield, Sam; Reynolds, David; Schaffer, Eugene C.

2008-01-01

435

Improving secondary students' academic achievement through a focus on reform reliability: 4- and 9-year findings from the High Reliability Schools project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe a reform effort in which characteristics derived from High Reliability Organization research were used to shape whole school reform. Longitudinal analyses of outcome data from 12 Welsh secondary schools indicated that 4 years after the effort was initiated, student outcomes at the sites were strongly positive. Additional quantitative and qualitative data, gathered 5 years after the end

Sam Stringfield; David Reynolds; Eugene C. Schaffer

2008-01-01

436

Reform Efforts in STEM Doctoral Education: Strengthening Preparation for Scholarly Careers  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Complex societal problems, concerns about the quality of undergraduate education and the supply and talent of faculty who\\u000a teach them, and questions about the quality of graduate students’ experiences as they pursue advanced degrees have motivated\\u000a efforts to reform and strengthen doctoral education in STEM fields. This chapter examines these efforts to improve STEM doctoral\\u000a education. The chapter begins with

Ann E. Austin

437

A collaborative, collegial and more cohesive approach to supporting educational reform for inclusion in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Together with the many advantages incurred by educational reform there are concomitantly a number of challenges that have\\u000a to be addressed. In the field of special education there have probably been more changes in the past decade than in any other\\u000a area of education. In 2006, Hong Kong is undoubtedly at the cusp of major changes which continue to reflect

Chris Forlin

2007-01-01

438

The Micropolitics of Educational Change and Reform: Cracking Open the Black Box  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The first studies of micropolitics of education were published during the mid-1980s (Ball, 1987; Blase, 1987). Two decades\\u000a later, a small but significant number of studies have been completed, some of which have centered on the micropolitics of\\u000a educational change and reform. In 1998, Blasé conducted a comprehensive review of the micropolitics of educational change;\\u000a this chapter highlights primary studies

Joseph Blase; Lars Björk

439

It's Not about Logic, It's about Logics of Practice: A Case Study of Teacher Education Reform in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional mergers are among the range of government-driven reforms of teacher education and, by extension, the teaching force. Such reforms inevitably provide positive outcomes for some and challenges for others. In this paper the authors focus on the anticipations, experiences and reflections of a group of teacher educators during a period…

Smith, Wayne; Tinning, Richard

2011-01-01

440

The Foundation and Trends of Undergraduate Education Reform in China's Research Universities: The Case of Tsinghua University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chinese universities face enormous pressures and challenges from increased global competition, intensifying national reform efforts, quality improvement, and quantity expansion in the higher education system, which deeply affect undergraduate education reform efforts within the universities. This article uses macrocausal analysis of the complexity…

Jinghuan, Shi

2011-01-01

441

Governor's Role in Aligning Early Education and K-12 Reforms: Challenges, Opportunities, and Benefits for Children. White Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase student learning and achievement, more and more states are pursuing reforms in "both" early care and education (ECE) programs and the K-12 education system. Many states are implementing the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) to promote all students' readiness for college and careers, while engaging in reforms prompted by the Race to…

Wat, Albert

2012-01-01

442

Yes We Can! Improving Urban Schools through Innovative Educational Reform. Contemporary Perspectives on Access, Equity, and Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Yes We Can: Improving Urban Schools through Innovative Educational Reform is a empirically-based book on urban education reform to not only proclaim that hope is alive for urban schools, but to also produce a body of literature that examines current practices and then offer practical implications for all involved in this arduous task. This book is…

Howell, Leanne L., Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.; Carter, Norvella, Ed.

2011-01-01

443

National Conference on Educational Reforms and At-Risk Students Proceedings (San Francisco, California, April 24-25, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference involved approximately 180 educators and researchers in a dialogue about educational reform and at-risk students. Ten invited presentations organized into general sessions on cultural differences and ongoing reform initiatives provided impetus for discussion. These proceedings are not transcripts of papers, but they do convey the…

Vergun, Pamela

444

An Overview and Analysis of Processes of Programmatic and Curricular Reform in Teacher Education in Anglophone Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the process of programmatic and curricular reform in teacher education at Anglophone universities across Canada. The first phase of research involved gathering preliminary information about how teacher education institutions were responding to calls for reform, gauging the nature and extent of these efforts and processes…

Cole, Ardra L.

445

The Perceptive Eye: Toward the Reformation of Educational Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution of educational evaluation has been significantly influenced by the assumptions and procedures of educational research which, in turn, aspires to make educational practice scientific. The concept of education connoisseurship and education criticism is posited upon a different set of techniques. Connoisseurship is an appreciative art…

Eisner, Elliot W.

446

Science and the education of physicians: Sigerist's contribution to American medical reform.  

PubMed

This paper seeks to place Henry E. Sigerist within a generation of American scientists who saw science as an intellectual bulwark against burgeoning fascism and nationalism. It responds to a recent critique of scientific positivism and the medical reform ethos of the 1930s and 1940s. Critics argue that faith in scientific medicine led health activists to choose medical care, guaranteed by insurance, rather than social reform. The paper focuses on the place Sigerist assigned to science in medicine and argues that his embrance of scientific medicine must be qualified by his historical perspective. Sigerist's singular contribution to the dialogue of medical reform came from his projection of an educational prototype that he believed might reconcile science with the imperatives of an industrial society. While embodying much of the spirit of reformers of the 1930s and 1940s, Sigerist also foreshadowed our own. PMID:8063896

Brickman, J P

1994-01-01

447

Financing Elementary and Secondary Education in Ontario: Toward the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The British North America Act of 1867 mandates the education of Canadians as a provincial responsibility, although some funding comes from federal sources and municipalities share expenditures with provincial authorities. This paper summarizes a study that investigated effective methods of financing elementary and secondary education in Ontario.…

Thom, Douglas J.

448

Modeling Secondary Instructional Strategies in a Teacher Education Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most teacher education courses, instructional strategies are merely listed and explained. Students rarely have the opportunity to see these strategies in use until they become student teachers. What better way to teach secondary instructional strategies to pre-service teachers than by modeling these strategies using teacher education content?…

Watson, Sandy White; Bradley, Janetta Fleming

2009-01-01

449

Immigrant Parents' Investments in Their Children's Post-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines relationships between the resources available to immigrant families and the amount parents are willing and able to save for their children's post-secondary education (PSE). We use data from Statistics Canada's 2002 Survey of Approaches to Educational Planning to compare immigrant and native-born PSE saving. The results indicate…

Sweet, Robert; Anisef, Paul; Walters, David

2010-01-01

450

The Search for a Renewed Vision of Secondary Education Worldwide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a summary of an interdisciplinary research project which had the objective of setting up and implementing "interdisciplinary training for policy dialogue in the field of education". This training focuses on the past, present and future of secondary education in various African and Latin American countries. In describing this work,…

Magnin, Charles

2006-01-01

451

Creativity and the Biopolitical Commons in Secondary and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on autonomist theory in order to examine the role of creativity in educational policy and governance. Drawing examples primarily from the North American context, it suggests that extant efforts to manage creativity in secondary and higher education are ultimately unstable, revealing what the Edu-factory collective has referred…

Means, Alexander

2013-01-01

452

Preservice Teachers' Memories of Their Secondary Science Education Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding preservice teachers' memories of their education may aid towards articulating high-impact teaching practices. This study describes 246 preservice teachers' perceptions of their secondary science education experiences through a questionnaire and 28-item survey. ANOVA was statistically significant about participants' memories of…

Hudson, Peter; Usak, Muhammet; Fancovicova, Jana; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol

2010-01-01

453

Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: Some Common Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this…

Law, Dennis Chung Sea

2010-01-01

454

The Global Landscape of GIS in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the status of GIS in schools in thirty-three countries and proposes recommendations for advancing the implementation and effectiveness of GIS in secondary education from an international perspective. Thirty-three countries have been evaluated in the study to assess the global landscape of educational GIS by analyzing how GIS is…

Kerski, Joseph J.; Demirci, Ali; Milson, Andrew J.

2013-01-01

455

Moments or a Movement? Teacher Resistance to Neoliberal Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school teachers in the USA are working in an era of intense interference from neoliberal reform policies. Corporate-driven forces are working to dismantle unions, narrow curricula, replace neighborhood schools with charter schools, tie student test scores to teacher evaluations and replace university-prepared career teachers with…

Horn, Brian R.

2014-01-01

456

Brave New World: Higher Education Reform in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…

Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla

2009-01-01

457

Brave new world: Higher education reform in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways, affect university governance arrangements, and alter the relationship

Timo Aarrevaara; Ian R. Dobson; Camilla Elander

2009-01-01

458

Charter Schools and the Long Road to Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph on charter schools and reform contains four chapters. The first chapter ("The Unfinished Goal and the Role of Interest Groups") discusses the history of the charter movement, its role, benefits, shortcomings, and the opposition to the movement from teacher unions. Charter schools have attracted support across the political spectrum…

Dawson, Thomas

459

Kalamazoo Promise: Can a Universal College Scholarship Reform Urban Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kalamazoo Promise provides a scholarship for full tuition for any high school graduate from the district who's been accepted to attend a Michigan postsecondary institution. The Promise has changed the attitudes of the students, their parents, and the community and has combined with other efforts to promote successful reform and systemic change…

Miron, Gary; Jones, Jeffrey N.; Kelaher-Young, Allison J.

2011-01-01

460

Pharmacy Education in an Era of Health Care Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The president of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy outlines the association's position on national policy concerning health care reform, then looks at some related controversial issues, including changes in the dispensing of prescriptions, pharmacist-managed medication review, adequacy of pharmacy training, and the role of research.…

Benet, Leslie Z.

1994-01-01

461

Magnet Schools: Reform and Race in Urban Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that magnet schools were established to promote racial diversity, improve scholastic standards, and provide a range of programs to satisfy individual talents and interests. Suggests the need for a better understanding of new policies on race and magnet schools; the social and political context of choice; and the consequences of reform

Goldring, Ellen; Smrekar, Claire

2002-01-01

462

Charter Schools: Lessons in School Reform. Topics in Educational Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book investigates the strengths and limitations of charter schools as an approach to reform by focusing on the day-to-day reality of students, teachers, administrators, and parents involved. Detailed case studies of seven schools are included. Seymour Sarason's work on the creation of settings provides the lens through which these schools are…

Brouillette, Liane

463

Implementing Active Homework in Secondary Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past decade, physical education has gone through some tough times. Between increased pressures to succeed on standardized testing, which has resulted in increased classroom time and decreased time in the gym, and tight budgets, children are not getting the quality physical education they deserve. The "2012 Shape of the Nation…

St. Ours, Elizabeth; Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin A.

2013-01-01

464

75 FR 18488 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; Overview Information; Enhanced Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; Overview Information; Enhanced Assessment...competition under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) General Supervision...

2010-04-12

465

Educational Research in Sweden: Reform Strategies and Research Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explains the role and financing of educational research and development (R&D) in Sweden, as it operates under the central education authority, the National Board of Education. She discusses a government report on R&D effects and considers the potential impact on research of current trends toward decentralization in education. (SJL)

Marklund, Inger

1981-01-01

466

The Professional Trajectories and Accumulation of Educational Resources of Young People after Acquiring a Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the relationship between education and occupational career in Russia shows that the type of secondary educational institution from which people initially graduate has a lengthy and latent differentiating influence on their accumulation of educational capital and their educational and professional trajectories. The groups with varying…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2013-01-01

467

Study of School-to-Work Reform Initiatives. Volume III: Technical Appendix--Research Design and Methodology. Studies of Education Reform Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditionally direct route from high school to full-time work for most students has given way to a variety of paths. The Academy for Educational Development's National Institute for Work and Learning (AED/NIWL) undertook a 4-year study of school-to-work transition education reform. The study focused on identifying useful models for and the…

Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC. National Inst. for Work and Learning.

468

Ideas Exchange: What Is the Role of Dance in the Secondary Physical Education Program?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents ideas and views of educators regarding the role of dance in the secondary physical education program. One educator believes that dance education is an excellent complement to the traditional physical education program at the secondary level. Another educator defines physical education as the "art and science of human…

Lorenzi, David G. (Comp.)

2010-01-01

469

Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

Thomas, Paul F.

470

A Co-Construction Perspective on Organizational Change and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In their earlier work, the authors explained how the co-construction perspective has been heuristic in the study of organizational change and educational reform, often providing more nuanced analyses and findings than "technical-rational" models that dominated the field previously (Datnow, Hubbard, & Mehan, 2002). In framing organizational change…

Mehan, Hugh; Hubbard, Lea; Datnow, Amanda

2010-01-01

471

Reading Educational Reform with Actor Network Theory: Fluid Spaces, Otherings, and Ambivalences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In considering two extended examples of educational reform efforts, this discussion traces relations that become visible through analytic approaches associated with actor-network theory (ANT). The strategy here is to present multiple readings of the two examples. The first reading adopts an ANT approach to follow ways that all actors--human and…

Fenwick, Tara

2011-01-01

472

Leave No City Behind: England/United States Dialogue on Urban Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the United States and England initiated ambitious standards-based education reform to eliminate large gaps between their highest and lowest achievers. England appears to be ahead, having started in 1988 with a national curriculum, tests, and performance tables. The United States' No Child Left Behind Act began rewriting state rules in 2002…

Hannaway, Jane; Murphy, Marilyn; Reed, Jodie

2004-01-01

473

Ideology and Reform in Teacher Education in England: Some Reflections on Cochran-Smith and Fries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an international perspective on Cochran-Smith and Fries' recent analysis of the ways that two competing ideologies (deregulation and professionalization) are being employed in the United States to support teacher education reform, noting important differences between the United States and England in how these ideologies have been advanced…

Furlong, John

2002-01-01

474

Governmental Reform and Education for the Gifted in Japan: A Current Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though targeted for governmental reform since 2002, services envisioned for gifted and talented students have not materialized in Japan. From the perspective of his personal experience as a Japan Fulbright Memorial Fund participant in 2005 and an extensive review of available literature and contacts with the Japanese Ministry of Education,…

Bugaj, Stephen J.

2009-01-01

475

"The Road Not Taken"--Israeli Teachers' Reactions to Top-Down Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors have investigated teachers' reactions towards an imposed reform initiated by the Israeli Ministry of Education in collaboration with one of two teachers' unions based on the messages and letters sent by high school teachers to an internet forum during a teachers' strike which took place between October and December of 2007. This study…

Reichman, Roxana G.; Artzi, Shlomit

2012-01-01

476

Looking Back before Stepping Forward: Lessons from the Open Education Reform Movement of the 1970s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like many other open-education schools of the 1970s, John Adams High School (Portland, Oregon) failed as an experimental school because it rapidly implemented large reforms without parent or teacher involvement, did not provide teacher training and support, and did not develop appropriate administrative or learning structures. (SV)

Maling, Barbara

1990-01-01

477

Red Schoolhouse, Burning Cross: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author focuses on the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and educational reform. The Klan's meteoric rise to national prominence in the 1920s has attracted a great deal of attention from historians, yet the group and its popularity during this time frame remain poorly understood. This is due in part to the fact that Klan symbols such…

Laats, Adam

2012-01-01

478

The UK 14-19 Education Reforms: Perspectives from a Special School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pilot research reported in this article is part of the Centre Research Study (CReSt) which evaluates the impact of the educational reform programme on schools, colleges and other centres in England. The article reports findings from one special school, based on interviews with teachers (including the headteacher), students and a parent. The…

Feiler, Anthony

2010-01-01

479

International Comparison of the Influence of Educational Reform on Superintendent Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During recent decades, the rise of the global economy launched a wide array of social, economic, and political changes in nations throughout the world. Heightened concern about the quality of schools launched what is arguably the most pervasive, intense, and protracted attempts at educational reform in recent history. Examinations of the…

Björk, Lars G.; Johansson, Olof; Bredeson, Paul

2014-01-01

480

The Future of School Integration: Socioeconomic Diversity as an Education Reform Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Century Foundation released The Future of School Integration: Socioeconomic Diversity as an Education Reform Strategy, edited by senior fellow Richard D. Kahlenberg. The volume seeks to answer important questions about how socioeconomic integration plans are faring and to provide guidance for how they can be sustained and expanded in the…

Kahlenberg, Richard D., Ed.

2012-01-01

481

A Critical Look at Four Multicultural Reform Efforts in One Urban College of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis encompassed four different projects that were implemented as reform initiatives at the college. The authors' collaborative work and this subsequent analysis have drawn on insights from Cochran-Smith (2004), who describes teacher education as both a "learning problem and a political problem" that involves the creation of inquiry…

Gove, Mary K.; Volk, Dinah; Still, Kristine; Huang, Grace Hui-Chen; Thomas-Alexander, Sashelle

2011-01-01

482

Sound Ways of Learning: Anchoring Music Education to the PDS P-16 Reform Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anchoring, a term rooted in the seafaring world, is a useful metaphor for contemplating the role of music in schooling, and particularly for thinking about the implications of including music in the professional development school (PDS) reform movement. In 1999, the College of Education at William Paterson University (Wayne, New Jersey) joined two…

Frierson-Campbell, Carol

483

The Color of Caring: Race and the Implementation of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors use Noddings (1984; 1992; 1999) and Beauboeuf-Lafontant's (2002) theories of caring in education to look at how race (conceptualized to include Whiteness) affected the implementation of the A+ Schools Program, an arts-based reform designed to augment student achievement and appreciation for the arts. They examine the implementation of…

Patterson, Jean A.; Gordon, Jenny; Price, Paula Groves

2008-01-01

484

The Jossey-Bass Reader on School Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology is intended to serve as an introduction to some of the big issues that shaped and continue to shape policy, practice, and debate over public schooling. Perspectives on these issues are presented in 32 chapters: (1) "The Educational Situation" (John Dewey); (2) "Progress or Regress?" (David Tyack and Larry Cuban); (3) "Reformers,…

2001

485

The Evolving Role of the Nurse Teacher in the Light of Educational Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the evolving role of nurse teachers in the United Kingdom in light of the educational reforms known as Project 2000. Data were collected from the following: case study of 1 college of nursing/midwifery; surveys of 60 teachers and in-depth interviews of 10 respondents at the case study site; and modified Delphi study of a total of…

Luker, Karen A.; And Others

486

Planning the FE Curriculum. Implications of the 1988 Education Reform Act. Perspectives from Administrators and Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is a collection of seven papers on the Education Reform Act (ERA) in England and its implications, from writers whose personal perspectives and professional roles provide an agenda of issues for practitioners ranging from politicians to local authority administrators to college managers. The following papers are included: "The LEA (Local…

Kedney, Bob, Ed.; Parkes, David, Ed.

487

Evaluation of Undergraduate Teaching at Institutions of Higher Education in China: Problems and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the achievements of the first cycle of undergraduate teaching evaluation at institutions of higher education in China. Existing problems are identified, and suggestions are made for corresponding reforms for improving the standard and quality of China's undergraduate teaching evaluation.

Yukun, Chen

2009-01-01

488

Vocational Education and Training Reform: Matching Skills to Markets and Budgets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 19 papers from a study of vocational education and training (VET) in 19 countries with different economic situations (transition economies, high-growth economies, low-growth economies). The papers focus on the following issues addressed in the study: (1) the countries' experiences in reforming national VET policies; (2)…

Gill, Indermit S., Ed.; Fluitman, Fred, Ed.; Dar, Amit, Ed.

489

Knaves or Knights, Pawns or Queens?: An Evaluation of Australian Higher Education Reform Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To invoke Julian Le Grand's conceptual model of the interaction between human motivation and policy formulation in order to explain how motivational endogeneity in the university environment has distorted policy outcomes in the Australian higher education reform program. Design/methodology/approach: Le Grand contends that changes in the…

Dollery, Brian; Murray, David; Crase, Lin

2006-01-01

490

Increasing Teacher Retention. The Progress of Education Reform. 2007. Volume 8, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" highlights data and research on why teachers leave, how attrition affects teacher shortages across the nation and the importance of working conditions for student performance. It focuses on: (1) reasons for teacher turnover; (2) elements of working conditions related to teacher retention and student…

Coulter, Tricia; Zaleski, Ashley

2007-01-01

491

Looking Forward: Rethinking the National Education Reform Blueprint with the Contributing Authors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concludes the two issues on the College Entrance Examination (CEE) in which the contributing authors were invited to take part in a moderated discussion of their opinions on a newly unveiled national policy document titled "Blueprint for Medium and Long-Term National Education Reform and Development (2010-0)" (hereafter, the…

Wang, Yimin; Ross, Heidi

2013-01-01

492

The Importance of Social Foundations: Teacher Education Curriculum Reform in One Small Private College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ripon College (Wisconsin) education department is engaged in a major curriculum reform effort to include study in curriculum, pedagogy, and social foundations. In particular, an effective social foundations curriculum is being implemented to engage students in the historical, political, sociological, and philosophical ideas that impact…

Williams, Jeanne; And Others

493

Between Competition Imperative and Europeanisation: The Case of Higher Education Reform in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the Europeanisation of Higher Education (HE) systems has triggered much debate, the relationship between European factors and domestic economic processes, has been less thoroughly analysed. This article analyses HE reforms in the light of two parallel processes, which have shaped this sector: the introduction of market mechanisms and a…

Dakowska, Dorota

2015-01-01

494

Transnational Links of Afghan Madrasas: Implications for the Reform of Religious Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described as "terrorist factories", the South Asian madrasas have become the subject of great controversy since September 11, 2001. In Afghanistan, people commonly blame Pakistani madrasas for recruiting Afghan youth into militant groups. In response, the Afghan government has initiated a comprehensive reform of the Islamic education sector. Yet,…

Borchgrevink, Kaja

2013-01-01

495

Schooling, Language, and Teachers: Language Awareness and the Discourse of Educational Reform in Catalonia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the role of language awareness in the teaching and learning of languages within the framework of educational reform in Spain. Three different types of discourse are compared: the official curriculum, teachers' views obtained in interviews, and teachers' classroom practices. (Author/VWL)

Cots, Josep M.; Nussbaum, Luci

1999-01-01

496

Evaluating ARRA Programs and Other Educational Reforms: A Guide for States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Institutes for Research (AIR) and Mathematica Policy Research (MPR) developed this guide to help you consider evaluation issues likely to arise as you launch ARRA-funded initiatives and other educational reform activities. Many states are already involved in evaluation, so many of the ideas presented here may be familiar. The authors…

Perez-Johnson, Irma; Walters, Kirk; Puma, Michael; Herman, Rebecca; Garet, Michael; Heppen, Jessica; Lemke, Mariann; Aladjem, Daniel; Amin, Samia; Burghardt, John

2011-01-01

497

Democratization of Secondary Education in Malaysia: Attitudes towards Schooling and Educational Aspirations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a consequence of the democratization of secondary education in Malaysia beginning in the 1990s, many students who do not have academic credentials are allowed to progress to upper secondary education. This study examines the attitudes of these students towards two important aspects of schooling--namely, learning and examinations, as well as…

Tan, Yao Sua

2011-01-01

498

77 FR 59597 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Elementary and Secondary Education...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information...Elementary and Secondary Education; Early Reading First: Grant...Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended...Part B, Subpart 2, Early Reading First,...

2012-09-28

499

A critical time for medical education: the perils of competence-based reform of the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate\\u000a reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption\\u000a of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the curriculum, move students beyond\\u000a a focus on the memorisation and regurgitation

Karen Malone; Salinder Supri

500

Can an Informal Science Institution Really Play the Key Role in K-12 Science Education Reform?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington State LASER (Leadership Assistance for Science Education Reform) program is under the leadership of the Pacific Science Center, an informal, nonprofit science institution, dedicated to increasing the public's understanding and appreciation of science, mathematics, and technology through interactive exhibits and programs. LASER's mission is to assist school districts with implementing an ongoing, K-12 inquiry-based science program, aligned with the Washington State science standards. Its vision is to have science education as a critical part of children's education today, just as science is a critical part of today's world. This vision drives all LASER activities and builds from the fundamental tenants in the National Science Education Standards (NSES).

Dennis Schatz

2008-01-01