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1

Catholic Secondary Schools and the Educational Reform Movement in American Secondary Education. NCEA Special Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform of America's secondary schools has been the subject of conferences and documents. The National Catholic Education Association concurs with many of the ideas presented by proponents of this renewal, but the association believes there are omissions in philosophy and proposals espoused by the reformers. In this bulletin,…

National Catholic Educational Association, Washington, DC.

2

Recipients, Agents, or Partners?: The Contradictions of Teacher Participation in Mexican Secondary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The countries of Latin America have been no exception to global calls for educational transformation and teacher professionalization at the secondary level. One of the newest of these reforms is Mexico's Reforma de la Educacion Secundaria (RS) (Reform of Secondary Education), launched in 2006. This article examines portrayals by various actors of…

Levinson, Bradley A.; Blackwood, Janet; Cross, Valerie

2013-01-01

3

Voices of Students, Parents, and Teachers in China's Secondary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine how and to what extent secondary teachers have implemented educational reforms in China that have had a direct impact on students, teachers, and parents. The survey concluded that teachers and parents liked the reform initiatives. Most teachers were able to make changes that supported the reforms even though…

Joong, Peter; Ying, Xiong; Lin, Li; Jian, Pan Chun

2006-01-01

4

Structural Reform in Secondary School Education--Tendencies and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes structural changes in China which have given secondary education a double task: to provide general education beyond elementary school, and to train mid-level professional personnel and technically skilled workers. (IAH)

Zhenye, Gao; Mingan, Xiong

1988-01-01

5

Facing the Knowledge Society: Reforming Secondary Education in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Education Working Paper Series. Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to describe and analyze the development and reforms of secondary education in Hong Kong and Shanghai over the past 25 years. Comparing the two cities is useful in constructing a spectrum of possibilities on the one hand, and identifying some common themes in the development of secondary education on the other. The…

Cheng, Kai Ming; Yip, Hak Kwong

2006-01-01

6

Reconceptualised life skills in secondary education in the African context: Lessons learnt from reforms in Ghana  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an emphasis on developing specific technical vocational skills considered essential for employability or self-employment. Using Ghana as an example, this paper shows how secondary education curriculum reformers recommended shifts that embraced a new interpretation of life skills focused on 21st-century skills. This gradual move also reflected the difficulty that secondary education in general has had in networking with the world of work to provide work experience that would lead to the development of work-related skills and enhance employability. The author's main argument is that although the reconceptualisation of life skills in secondary education to reflect 21st-century skills is a welcome shift in the African context, this needs to be accompanied by reforms in teacher education. Classroom teaching and learning need to be adapted in a fundamental way in order to ensure that youth fully benefit from the inclusion of 21st-century life skills in secondary education curricula. Such reforms must include pedagogical practices which nurture communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking skills.

Akyeampong, Kwame

2014-04-01

7

Curriculum Reform and Reproducing Inequality in Upper-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capacity of schooling to overcome disadvantage in society is a recurring topic of discussion and debate in countries around the world. Current government-led reforms of curriculum, assessment and schooling often aim to address inequality, as part of broader agendas to improve national productivity and social wellbeing. Recent approaches to…

Fenwick, Lisl

2011-01-01

8

Aligning Transition Services with Secondary Educational Reform: A Position Statement of the Division on Career Development and Transition  

PubMed Central

Society has witnessed significant improvements in the lives of students receiving transition services over the past 30 years. The field of transition has developed an array of evidence-based interventions and promising practices, however, secondary school reform efforts have often overlooked these approaches for youth without disabilities. If we are to see improvements in postsecondary outcomes for all youth, reform efforts must begin with active participation of both general and special educators and critical home, school, and community stakeholders. In the Division on Career Development for Exceptional Individuals’ position paper, we discuss the evolution of transition in light of reform efforts in secondary education. We review and identify secondary educational initiatives that embrace transition principles. Finally, recommendations are provided for advancing alignment of transition services with secondary education reforms. PMID:25221733

Morningstar, Mary E.; Bassett, Diane S.; Cashman, Joanne; Kochhar-Bryant, Carol; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

2014-01-01

9

Reform of Secondary Education in Morocco: Challenges and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As people embark on a new globalized world, the old formal system of education in the Arab world is facing challenges and dilemmas. How can the new system preserve their Islamic and Arabic culture, while incorporating strategies for a new globalized world? This article tries to answer some of these questions by focusing on Morocco as a case study.…

Diyen, Hayat

2004-01-01

10

Regulation and Deregulation in Education Policy: New Reforms and School Sports in Swedish Upper Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1990s, neoliberal reforms in Sweden increased local school actors' possibilities to develop school profiles regarding both organization and content. This restructuring has increased the total number of school sports programs as well as the possibilities for upper secondary schools and sports clubs to develop elite and amateur…

Lund, Stefan

2014-01-01

11

Critical Literacy, Educational Investment, and the Blueprint for Reform: An Analysis of the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes, "A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act," a recently released report from the U.S. Department of Education. It begins with an analysis of the strengths of the report. The Blueprint argues for increased college access and more federal attention to public education. In…

Morrell, Ernest

2010-01-01

12

Anchors for Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates…

Alok, Kumar

2012-01-01

13

Bold Ideas for Secondary School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day, principals across the country are taking courageous action to reform struggling schools and make a difference in students' lives. As the assistant secretary of education for elementary and secondary education, the author has been fortunate to meet with school and district leaders and see some of those transformations firsthand. The…

de Santa Ana, Thelma Melendez

2011-01-01

14

Reconceptualised Life Skills in Secondary Education in the African Context: Lessons Learnt from Reforms in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an…

Akyeampong, Kwame

2014-01-01

15

A Blueprint for Reform. The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On Saturday, March 13, the Obama administration released its blueprint for revising the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), which would ask states to adopt college- and career-ready standards and reward schools for producing dramatic gains in student achievement. The proposal challenges the nation to embrace educational standards that…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

16

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

17

Educational Reform and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform

Milne, Ann M., Ed.

18

Resource and Technology: A beacon for change in the reform of Jamaica's secondary education system - or a "pipedream"?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T) was an innovation designed to develop the creative potential in technology and to transform pedagogical practices from being teacher-centred to being student-centred. This paper examines how teachers and principals involved in the implementation of R&T perceive its attributes, such as need and relevance and observability. The findings reveal how the achievement of goals was frustrated and which challenges the users faced, including a lack of clarity of the means for implementing R&T.

Jennings, Zellynne

2012-04-01

19

Choice Paths in the Swedish Upper Secondary Education--A Critical Discourse Analysis of Recent Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decentralisation policy in Sweden emphasises school capitation allowance, the local upper secondary schools' decision-making and pupils' choices in contrast to previous bureaucratic governing. The aim of this article is to discuss how pupils' educational choice paths are a part of the different kinds of integration and differentiation processes…

Lund, Stefan

2008-01-01

20

Education in Yugoslavia and the New Reform: The Legal Basis, Organization, Administration, and Program of the Secondary Schools. Bulletin, 1963, No. 20. OE-14089  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Yugoslavia, in its postwar reconstruction, has devoted considerable effort to educational development, especially at the secondary school level. The new General Law on Education of 1958 introduced major reforms and inaugurated a new public school system for the diverse population of the country. The purpose of this study is to present a factual…

Tomich, Vera

1963-01-01

21

Parents, Gender & Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the relationship between British parents and education in the context of education reforms and social changes in family life. The general argument is that the debates about British education reforms and corresponding parental roles have taken place without considering the various social changes that have been occurring in family…

David, Miriam E.

22

Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

De Lisle, Jerome

2012-01-01

23

Community College and Secondary School Collaboration on Workforce Development and Education Reform: A Close Look at Four Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how community colleges are responding to external pressures to more closely collaborate with secondary schools in school reform efforts and school-to-work transition programs, focusing on four community colleges. These colleges engaged in a wide variety of collaborative activities with secondary schools. Two strong examples of…

Orr, Margaret Terry

24

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

25

School as an Experimenting Institution: An Approach to the Reform of Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introduction to a symposium on the development of adolescent schooling is followed by one of several presentations concerning current thinking about the problems involved in developing experimenting schools. The paper elaborates the basic propositions about modernization, the process of school reform seen as a process of social learning, and…

Sanders, Donald P.

26

External Reform versus Internal Continuity: Some Perspectives on the Links Between Secondary and Higher Education in Certain Western European Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dynamic of articulation between higher education and secondary education in England and Wales, the Netherlands, France, West Germany, and Sweden is examined from historical and administrative perspectives. (MSE)

Neave, Guy

1987-01-01

27

Papers on Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following papers collected in this publication were presented for discussion at the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board Meeting in 1970. "Testing, Grades, Standards" by Jacques Barzun discusses the relationship between these three elements and the process of education and of performance evaluation. In "The Limits of Reform in Education" James…

Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

28

Education Reform and the Academic Performance of Public and Private Secondary School Students in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking advantage of newly available data on a standardized national examination for secondary school students in Thailand, this study attempts to explain the variation in the average performance of students using school and local characteristics. Special emphasis is placed on trying to understand the asymmetric success factors of public and…

Wongsurawat, Winai

2011-01-01

29

Higher Education Policy as Secondary School Reform: Texas Public High Schools after "Hopwood"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education diversity programs that Texas enacted after "Hopwood v. University of Texas" banned affirmative action had unexpected positive consequences for the state's high schools. The Texas top 10% law, the Longhorn Opportunity Scholarship and Century Scholarship programs, and the Towards Excellence, Access and Success Grant program…

Domina, Thurston

2007-01-01

30

Life after High School: Which Postschool Outcomes Matter for Students with and without Disabilities in Restructured High Schools? Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform for Youth with Disabilities (RISER) has been studying three significantly restructured high schools that have included students with disabilities and their parents in the design and/or implementation of school reform efforts. Each of these schools has operated for 3-12 years with its new,…

Mooney, Marianne; Phelps, L. Allen

31

Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

Qi, Jie

2009-01-01

32

Education Reforms: Mistakes, Misconceptions, Miscues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically reviews the major school reform studies. Apparently, billions have been wasted on poorly conceived, but politically popular reform movements that have sapped schoolpeoples' energies. Two reform-inhibiting factors (educators and politicians'"intuitive wisdom" and a weak empirical knowledge base) might be overcome by initiating local…

Orlich, Donald C.

1989-01-01

33

Emotional intelligence and educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This reform aims primarily on the maximization of performance

Lefkios Neophytou

2012-01-01

34

Reforming Educational Reform: A Democratic Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This essay examines the status of educational reform in the United States as represented by the current Bush administration's program titled "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB). Employing the techniques of critical theory and logical analysis, contemporary reform efforts are compared with other, more progressive, educational reform movements in an effort to gain perspective and conceptual "traction" as it were, in differentiating such movements. Criteria are established for the assessment and evaluation of reform movements. These are employed in judging the efficacy of NCLB's aim, content, and methods, as well as the results of its program following four years of implementation. The merits of the centrality of standardized testing, pre-ordained curricular content, and exclusively didactic teaching methodologies are criticized, along with the extra-school societal forces which ordain these and determine their prominence in the NCLB program. The essentialism adopted by NCLB is, moreover, evaluated in the light of pragmatic, phenomenological, and postmodern educational theory. Arguing that the school is always and inevitably an instrument of societal forces, interests, and groups, it is contended that these not only be acknowledged, but that avenues be formalized for a thorough going and continuous educational "conversation," to borrow Rorty's term, for an amicable resolution of the issues of education's aim(s), content, and methods.

Green, J.

2005-05-01

35

Educational Reform in International Perspective. (Chiba and Kyoto, Japan, October 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers from the International Seminar on Educational Reform, in Chiba and Kyoto, Japan, 14-17 October 1985, are presented. Trends in educational reforms, goal and structure, and curriculum; and content of secondary education, selection and admission in higher education, and undergraduate education are discussed. Educational reform in Japan…

Amagi, Isao, Ed.

1988-01-01

36

Equity and Science Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is for science educators who are concerned about exploring what it means to promote science literacy for all, equity and excellence, and standards-based reform. A hard look is taken at science education reform efforts and the issues it raises for learners who differ along gender, socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, linguistic lines, or…

Lynch, Sharon J.

37

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

38

International Handbook of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

39

Gifted Students and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines gifted education in the context of current educational reform efforts. It offers a rationale for the differentiated education of gifted students based on American values and equitable allocation of educational resources. Examples are offered of curriculum content modification for math, science, language arts, and social studies…

Gallagher, James J.

40

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

41

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural

J. J. Lagowski

1995-01-01

42

Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and…

Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

1999-01-01

43

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Re

2009-06-17

44

Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

Hamano, Takashi

2008-01-01

45

Reforms to Funding Education in Four Canadian Provinces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an analysis of the features, determinants, and effects of a series of reforms to funding the primary and secondary education systems in Alberta, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba during the past two decades. The principal focus is on the reforms that have shifted the authority for setting property tax mill rates for…

Garcea, Joseph

2014-01-01

46

Professional Development Design: Embedding Educational Reform in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher professional development variously supports ongoing skill development, new knowledge, and systems change. In New Zealand, the implementation of major assessment reforms in senior secondary schools provided opportunity to investigate teacher professional development as a function of the particular stage of an educational reform.…

Starkey, Louise; Yates, Anne; Meyer, Luanna H.; Hall, Cedric; Taylor, Mike; Stevens, Susan; Toia, Rawiri

2009-01-01

47

Education Reform: A Governor's View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enactment of South Carolina's Education Improvement Act of 1984 taught several lessons about successful education reform. The law provides for raising student performance by increasing academic standards; strengthening the teaching and testing of basic skills; elevating the teaching profession; improving leadership, management, and fiscal…

Riley, Richard W.

48

Assessing Institutionalization of Educational Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to assess the institutionalization of a major reform in the faculties of education in Turkey in the 1990s. A survey was administered to faculty members in eight faculties of education in the academic year 2005-2006. Factor analysis, t-tests and ANOVAs, and OLS regressions were used. Findings indicate that the most problematic area…

Aypay, Ahmet; Kalayci, Serpil Sezer

2008-01-01

49

The Rise and Decline of Comprehensive Education: Key Factors in the History of Reformed Secondary Education in Belgium, 1969-1989  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In answer to economic needs and social demands, a structural innovation was introduced in secondary education in most West European countries, mainly in the 1960s. Contrary to the traditional schools, organized in vertical categories, the so-called comprehensive schools brought together all branches in one school. There was protest against this…

Henkens, Bregt

2004-01-01

50

Current State and Problems of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Russia is experiencing changes in curriculum and in the specialization and function of institutions in the search for a better model for a post-Soviet society. The early 1990s saw the start of the reform of the system of education in Russia. However, problems of quality and of continuity with secondary education have still not…

Salnikov, N.; Burukhin, S.

2009-01-01

51

The Mathematician and the Mathematics Education Reform  

E-print Network

of [education] reform?" ([EW], p.671) With the current mathematics education reform movement in place for alThe Mathematician and the Mathematics Education Reform H. Wu Department of Mathematics #3840 of the highest interests of mathematics in this country, should be directly related with the movement

Wu, Hung-Hsi

52

The Standardization of American Schooling: Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the efforts of educational reformers who sought to link secondary and higher education in the decades after 1870. Through various state, regional, and national initiatives, these reformers created a hierarchical system, laid the foundation for a growing standardization in education, and influenced who would have access to…

VanOverbeke, Marc A.

2008-01-01

53

Reforming American Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for educational innovation and the potential in new educational technology in higher education are being recognized, although resistance to reevaluating old assumptions is strong. The focus of education should be on the student, and every means for enriching his learning process should be utilized. (JS)

Eurich, Alvin C.

1970-01-01

54

Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing a…

Pajak, Edward F.

2011-01-01

55

Educational Reform and Renewal in Contemporary Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is one of a series of Office of Education publications on educational developments in other countries. It describes and analyzes in social, economic, and historical context the educational changes mandated in Spain by the Education Reform Law of 1970, one of contemporary Europe's most far-reaching plans for educational reform and…

Brickman, William W.

56

Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…

Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping

2008-01-01

57

Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people believe that future reforms of education should focus on the primary mission of elementary and secondary schools and that these schools must be held more accountable for the academic performance of their students. This book brings together researchers from various disciplines--most notably economics, educational policy and management,…

Ladd, Helen F., Ed.

58

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators\\u000a since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of\\u000a globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their capacity for innovative self-renewal.\\u000a Yet, much

Corrie Giles

2008-01-01

59

Utah's Educational Reform Programs, 1991-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 1983, the Utah Education Reform Steering Committee issued the report "Education in Utah: A Call to Action." To meet Utah's double challenge of rapid growth and quality enhancement, the report stated that Utah needed to: (1) increase the allocation of financial resources to education; (2) demand reforms in many aspects of education; and…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

60

The national education reform movement  

SciTech Connect

In 1994, legislation called the Goals 2000 Act was passed, marking the first time the federal government has become directly involved in helping to improve the quality and equality of the entire K-12 education system. Goals 2000 is designed to stimulate standards-based reform in all of the Union`s fifty states. This legislation incorporated a strategy that is deliberately different from other federal endeavors in that it fosters bottom-up local reform guided by challenging standards. The hope is to create a long term, productive partnership among local schools, districts, states, and the federal government focused on bringing all students to far higher levels of achievement than in the past. This paper explores some of the challenges involved in reaching these goals and discusses the issues involved in standard-based education.

Smith, M.S.

1994-12-31

61

Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

2007-01-01

62

Historical Perspectives on the Current Education Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 14 individual papers by prominent scholars who provide a historical perspective on current educational reforms. The three essays in part 1 examine some of the major changes in educational development and reform. These include: (1) "Antiquarianism and American Education: Assimilation, Adjustment, Access" (Patricia Graham);…

Ravitch, Diane, Ed.; Vinovskis, Maris, Ed.

63

Context of Educational Reforms Then and Now  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. C.W.W. Kannangara is identified by all Sri Lankans as the father of Free Education. He was the architect of the 1944 educational reforms in Sri Lanka which opened the doors of education for all and Sri Lanka has progressed well since then. Today after six decades, the context of 1944 reforms is much changed, yet Sri Lanka continues to provide…

Sedere, Mohottige Upali

2005-01-01

64

Educational Reform in Viet Nam: A Process of Change or Continuity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Vietnamese educational reforms of the 1990s, aimed at modernizing education to support Vietnam's wide-ranging market reforms. Discusses the structure of preschool through higher education; the cluttered lower secondary school curriculum, rigidly tied to textbook content and teacher training; rural disadvantage and lesser access to…

Duggan, Stephen

2001-01-01

65

Educational Reform: The Forgotten Half. Fastback 252.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By examining the trends in equity and academic excellence, this monograph interprets America's history of educational reform. The first section, "The Legacy of Reform," analyzes themes after colonial times. William Penn and Benjamin Franklin advocated humanitarian, middle-class education following the American Revolution. By the late 18th and…

Lauderdale, William Burt

66

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take, for example, the various SSI's statements of "good educational practice." Most SSI's began their initiatives by establishing clear goals for what students should know and be able to do, reflecting the emergence of a national consensus for broad standards for just about every aspect of the educational process. The concerned persons in each SSI--policy-makers, educators, mathematicians, and scientists--have not necessarily reached the same conclusions about what children should learn or even what efforts are needed to put the necessary changes in place, but they are focused on common goals as expressed locally. The recent national dialogues about goals and standards have provided the basis for a remarkably consistent image of what states--at least the SSI states--consider good educational practice. The differences that do occur across states reflect variations in demographics, geography, resources, values, and educational structure. All the states with SSI's, regardless of their primary strategy, have address the professional development of teachers. Collectively, the SSI's reported that professional development services were provided to more than 50,000 teachers during the past year, which is approximately eight percent of the public school teachers in the participating states. The number of teachers participating varied by grade level and subject matter. Some states, for example, reported reaching more than one in every five middle-school mathematics teachers, but only one in every 20 high-school mathematics teachers. Focusing SSI resources on the professional development of classroom teachers implies changing their skill levels, knowledge, and beliefs. Attitudes and perceptions of administrators also changed in the process. The challenge lies in developing a strategy that provides on-going, in-depth professional development that reaches a significant portion of those who teach mathematics and the sciences. Not only must an effective development model(s), be provided, the infrastructure to accommodate all teachers must be created as well. Most state

Lagowski, J. J.

1995-09-01

67

Education Reform and Career Education--Deja Vu.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current outcry for educational reform raises issues that have already long concerned career education. This situation gives career educators the opportunity to provide leadership in attaining common educational goals. (JB)

Stock, Barbara

1984-01-01

68

"Heavy Fog in the Channel--Continent Cut Off": Reform of Upper-Secondary Education from the Perspective of English Exceptionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent international studies in upper-secondary education (USE) have highlighted the importance and complexities of this phase as it becomes a more universal experience. Here the authors examine recent trends in USE to provide a context for discussion of the English system, which has been moving from a "linked" to a more…

Hodgson, Ann; Spours, Ken

2014-01-01

69

Policy Formation and Implementation in Secondary Education Reform: The Case of Chile at the Turn of the Century. Education Working Paper Series. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…

Cox, Cristian

2006-01-01

70

Physical Education Curriculum Reform in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Finnish education system has received worldwide attention due to the top academic performance of Finnish school students. Physical education, as an integral part of the Finnish education curriculum, potentially contributes to the overall success. The purpose of this article is to summarize Finnish physical education reform during the past…

Yli-Piipari, Sami

2014-01-01

71

Educational Reforms and Innovations in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

72

Education Reform and Students At Risk. Volume I: Findings and Recommendations. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread attention given to education reform, no substantial knowledge base has existed for identifying and implementing specific effective reforms. This document, the first of three volumes, presents findings of a study that sought to identify the essential mechanics of effective reforms for students at risk. The study also…

Rossi, Robert J.; Stringfield, Samuel C.

73

Geologists and the Reform of Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is one approach to the reform of earth science education. Discussed are conceptual themes, the role of elementary school science, the development of positive science attitudes, selection of topics and the role of the geologist. (CW)

Buchwald, Caryl Edward; Bybee, Rodger Wayne

1990-01-01

74

Rural Education Reform: The Consultation Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…

Mulcahy, Dennis M.

75

Tech Prep and Educational Reform. Reprint Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tech prep is a new initiative that shows great promise for educational reform. However, "tech prep" is not the new name for vocational education. Tech prep is a new program of articulated education involving 2 years of high school and 2 years of postsecondary preparation that includes a common core of mathematics, science, communications, and…

Hoerner, James L.

1991-01-01

76

Knowledge Regimes and Contradictions in Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article outlines a theoretical framework for understanding education policy and education reforms based on the concept of knowledge regimes. The concept refers to understandings and definitions of governance and procedural aspects, manners of governing and curriculum issues, thus it comprises contents, structures, and processes of education

Aasen, Petter; Prøitz, Tine Sophie; Sandberg, Nina

2014-01-01

77

Center for Research and Reform in Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 2004, the Center for Research and Reform in Education (CRRE) works "to improve the quality of education for children in grades pre-K to 12 through its research into program effectiveness." CRRE's work focuses on developing and evaluating alternative approaches to teaching and school organization. On the site, visitors can peruse the organization's Twitter feed, and then browse their very useful magazine, "Better." The magazine is published three times a year, and it offers a "unique international perspective on evidence-based education reform." Visitors can read past issues of the magazine here or explore issues on a range of specific themes, including assessment, struggling readers, policy and practice, and science. Moving on, the site also contains the Center's blog, "Evidence-Based Education Reform," and links to the a Best Evidence Encyclopedia.

78

Systemic Reform: Perspectives on Personalizing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight papers collected here bring to bear a complex set of perspectives on a common problem: how to make education more effective now and in the future. The papers speak to the need to understand education as an individual-driven, learner-centered activity. Following Ronald J. Anson's introduction called "Personalizing Systemic Reform," the…

Anson, Ronald J., Ed.

79

Russian Higher Education Reforms: Shifting Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors analyze the existing higher education policies in the Russian Federation and discuss the implications of current reforms for the future of the higher education sector and those involved in it. The authors' analytical framework was based on the work of Olssen, Codd, and O'Neill (2004), outlining the major tenets of the…

Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

2007-01-01

80

Educational Reforms that Foster Ecological Intelligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are powerful forces of resistance that must be acknowledged when introducing educational reforms that foster ecological intelligence. The foremost source of resistance is the paradigm gap that now separates generations. That is, the vast majority of university professors, classroom teachers--and thus the general public that has been educated

Bowers, C. A.

2010-01-01

81

Lessons from the Physics Education Reform Movement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides a summary of a survey of pretest and posttest data for 62 introductory physics courses attended by a total of 6542 students. Also included are 14 lessons from the physics education reform effort that may assist in the general upgrading of education and science literacy.

Richard Hake

82

On the Reform of Russian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "modernization" of Russian education is linked to the functioning of the entire social system of Russia, and reforms are proving difficult and contradictory. The use of the Unified State Examination in Russia, plus participation in the Bologna process, is causing concern about the ability of education to meet the needs of the…

Mironov, V. V.

2013-01-01

83

School Reform Models and Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an investigation of three comprehensive school reform models, Accelerated Schools, Roots and Wings, and Voices of Love and Freedom, teacher surveys were collected and analyzed to determine their impact on special education. There were no differences found in the special education teachers' perceptions of the models in the areas of professional development, resources, pedagogical changes, or outcomes. Teachers reported

Myung-Sook Koh; Janna Siegel Robertson

2003-01-01

84

The Progress of Education Reform: 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, the Education Commission of the States released the first in a series of annual reports examining the progress of education reform. The report concluded that despite many encouraging signs of progress, American schools and students were losing ground. This 1996 report, the second in the series, summarizes data on student performance,…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

85

Vocational Teacher Education Reform. ERIC Digest No. 180.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until 1993, the discussion of teacher education reform in the literature was limited to individual authors' suggestions for a vocational education response to reform initiatives and comments on the problems posed by pressures for reform. Debate on how to pursue excellence in vocational teacher education programs focused on vocational education's…

Naylor, Michele

86

Refocusing medical education reform: beyond the how.  

PubMed

Integration of the basic and clinical sciences has been at the heart of medical education reform efforts for nearly a century. Neither the rate nor magnitude of actual progress suggests that reform is anywhere near completion, which presents a challenge to educators to seek ways to overcome significant obstacles to change. Robin Hopkins and colleagues, authors of the Perspective in this issue of Academic Medicine that has prompted this invited Commentary, are among those proposing interesting and useful answers to why integration has not been better achieved. This Commentary affirms the importance of finding better ways to accomplish curricular reform, while contending that real curricular reform must move well beyond the integration of basic and clinical sciences. Drawing from the 2014 report of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Commission to Build a Healthier America, the authors cite evidence of significant disparities and growing health challenges facing Americans today. They discuss three key recommendations from the report: attending to early childhood experiences, providing healthy choices within communities, and, particularly, rethinking the education of health professionals. Next, the authors detail the implications of these recommendations for medical education, stressing both the urgency and importance of moving to adopt these as directions for real reform that will address today's health care challenges. PMID:25140530

Salmon, Marla; Williams, David; Rhee, Kyu

2015-02-01

87

Education Reform Context and Process in Cambodia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite Cambodia's long history of education development (Clayton 1995; Dy and Ninomiya 2003), the discussion of the country's\\u000a contemporary education sector usually begins with the destructive Khmer Rouge regime (Chhinh 2004; Keng and Clayton 2007).\\u000a This analytical chapter of politics and economics of education reform begins with a discussion of the Khmer Rouge regime during\\u000a which almost two million people

Sitha Chhinh; Sideth S. Dy

88

Secondary School Principals in Curriculum Reform: Victims or Accomplices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Shanghai Municipal Education Commission convened an important conference in early 2010. A major focus of the conference was the apparent failure of the New Curriculum Reform to take root in schools. One of the conclusions presented at the conference was that school principals were responsible for the gap between the intent and effect of the…

Walker, Allan; Qian, Haiyan; Zhang, Shuang

2011-01-01

89

Biodiversity Curriculum that Supports Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environmental educators in many states are finding that reform efforts are constraining the time they have to prepare and teach new activities. Therefore, they may find it appropriate to develop materials that address environmental education (EE) needs as well as augmenting state reform goals. This study provides an example in which a biodiversity curriculum guide, using the "Linking Florida's Natural Heritage" database, successfully infuses environmental concepts with the writing benchmarks of Florida's Sunshine State Standards (SSS). When measured by the same rubric used for the Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test (FCAT), writing skills rose significantly after students used the five lesson biodiversity supplement.

Jeanette Wilson

90

Global Citizenship and National (Re)formations: Analysis of Citizenship Education Reform in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, many European education systems have embarked on a process of education policy and curriculum reform related to citizenship education. This article explores citizenship education reform in the context of Spain. It considers how and to what extent Spain's 2006 citizenship education addressed issues of national and global…

Engel, Laura C.

2014-01-01

91

Reform of medical education in Korea.  

PubMed

There are 41 medical schools in South Korea with over 3500 students graduating from the medical schools annually with the appropriate qualifications to practice medicine. Korean medical educators have made significant efforts to enhance the effectiveness of medical education by preparing students for the rapidly changing global environment of medicine and healthcare. This article outlines the reform efforts made by Korean medical schools to meet such demands, which includes the adoption of student-centered and competency-based education, e-learning, and authentic assessment of clinical performance. It also discusses the recent reform of the medical education system, driven by the Government's policy to prepare Korean higher education for an increasingly knowledge-based society. PMID:20163225

Kim, Kyong-Jee; Kee, Changwon

2010-01-01

92

Misrecognition and Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-01-01

93

From Olympics to Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Utah's competency-based education bill (S.B. 154). Includes graduation requirements, role of local boards, task force charge, alternative teacher certification, state education summit, state board of education role in the bill's implementation. (PKP)

Christie, Kathy

2003-01-01

94

EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE REPORT CAN BE USED AS A GUIDE IN THE PREPARATION OF EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS. NEW CURRICULA, METHODS OF INSTRUCTION, AND TEACHING AIDS ADD TO THE SOPHISTICATION OF EDUCATION. PROGRAMS ENCOMPASS MANY AREAS OF EDUCATION, EACH REQUIRING PROFESSIONAL DECISIONS. THESE DECISIONS MUST BE ORGANIZED INTO WRITTEN SPECIFICATIONS…

FLANIGAN, VIRGINIA; AND OTHERS

95

Tax Reform 1975: Issues Facing Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary support has been a major factor in the financing of American higher education since colonial times. Yet several recent proposals intended as tax reform measures threaten to reduce voluntary donations at a time when the nation's postsecondary institutions are in the throes of financial distress. The income tax proposals that would have an…

Steinbach, Sheldon Elliot

96

Education Reform Sparks Teacher Protest in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current tumult in the Mexican education arena has deep roots in politics and tradition, but it is latter-day global competition and international measures of student performance that are driving reform efforts. Teacher strikes and demonstrations are not new in Mexico, but issues raised by today's protesting teachers represent a…

Levinson, Bradley A.

2014-01-01

97

Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education

Pemberton, Janette E.

98

Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform. Appendices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the appendices included in the "Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform" report. Appended are: (1) Federal Data Requirements; (2) Maryland State Law Requiring Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support Program when suspension rates exceed a certain level; (3) The Act's provisions focused on training and development…

Losen, Daniel J.

2011-01-01

99

The Heart of the Matter: Teacher Educators and Teacher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…

Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.

100

International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 4, Educational Reform in International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National educational reform must be interpreted from a broader sociopolitical vantage point. Following the introduction, "The Change Process and Educational Reform" by Val D. Rust, the four papers in part 1 are devoted primarily to conceptual issues related to educational reform. They include: (1) "Problems of Educational Reforms in a Changing…

Rust, Val D., Ed.; Yogev, Abraham, Ed.

101

Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators

Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

2009-01-01

102

Educational Reform: Critiquing the Critics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Walter Feinberg's criticisms of educational critics Allan Bloom and E. D. Hirsch. Supports Feinberg's argument that experimentation is the only course still open in education, but argues that his views are informed by the traditional obscurantism of the educational establishment. (FMW)

Reid, Charles R.

1990-01-01

103

Secondary Education in Malta: Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maltese islands consist of Malta, Gozo, and Comino and two tiny uninhabited islands, strategically located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. This handbook contains a brief description of secondary education in Malta. Following the introduction, section 1 provides an overview of the mission of the Ministry of Education and Human…

Attard, Paul A.; Buhagiar, Andrew J.

104

Kentucky Education Reform after Six Years: Positive Results, Critical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990 the Kentucky General Assembly passed one of the most comprehensive and innovative reform laws in the nation, the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA). Under this law, schools must meet state-defined goals to receive financial rewards. This paper presents findings of a 6-year, field-work study of education reform in four rural Kentucky…

Kannapel, Patricia J.; And Others

105

Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform, Rotberg brings together examples of current education reforms in sixteen countries, written by "insiders". This book goes beyond myths and stereotypes and describes the difficult trade-offs countries make as they attempt to implement reforms in the context of societal and global change.…

Rotberg, Iris C., Ed.

2004-01-01

106

Crafting an Education Reform Agenda through Economic Stimulus Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic stimulus enacted during President Obama's initial weeks included a down payment on his ambitious education reform agenda. By combining short-term policy with reform, the strategy gained his administration three advantages: a discretionary funding source with little Congressional scrutiny; flexibility in pursuing education reform goals…

McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Weatherford, M. Stephen

2011-01-01

107

Systemic Reform: Defining Education in the '90s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on systemic reform with regard to standards and equity. Emphasizes the places of technology and curriculum in this reform. Concludes that bringing together different players in the educational system to help change practice and support new educational goals is a common goal of many reform efforts. (ASK)

Wasser, Judith Davidson

1998-01-01

108

DBER and STEM Education Reform: Are We up to the Challenge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent and quality of Discipline-Based Education Research (DBER) at the post-secondary level have grown substantially in recent years. Associated research findings are central to current reform efforts to transform science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education in colleges and universities across the United States. The increased…

Talanquer, Vicente

2014-01-01

109

The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

Vavrus, Frances

2009-01-01

110

Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation…

Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

111

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

112

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

113

Introduction to Systemic Education Reform. Restructuring the Education System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Widespread educational reform will occur only if encouraged by a coherent policy environment that explicitly supports fundamental change and unleashes the imagination and energy of students, teachers, parents, and community leaders. To prepare students well for the 21st century, our education system requires an interdisciplinary environment, a…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

114

Teacher Educators and Indigenous Language Rights Reform in Southern Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nations throughout the world have increasingly looked at teacher education policy as a vehicle for reform of both the educational system and the society at large, and teacher quality is often positively associated with the quality of the overall educational system. Although such reforms often target pre-service teacher education, little is known…

Tanner, Paul Edward

2012-01-01

115

Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured interviews…

Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

2012-01-01

116

The "Re" Maelstrom of Educational Reform: Restructure, Renewal, Reform, Recreate, Reconstitute, Redesign, Refurbish, Rethink, Redraft, Restrengthen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When evaluation is applied to teacher education programs in higher education, a myriad of issues emerge which make assessment complex and critical, especially during the era of reform. The purpose of this paper is to establish a comprehensive overview of assessment processes and reform efforts in teacher education programs. Organized into five…

Pellow, Randall A.; Kuhns, Polly

117

Equity in Financing Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares per-pupil educational costs for rural and urban Kansas counties, including costs resulting from rural-urban migration of educated young people, and analyzes the potential impact of various school tax reforms. (JG)

Flora, Jan L.

1976-01-01

118

Make Something Happen. Hispanics and Urban High School Reform. Volume II. Report of the National Commission on Secondary Education for Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second volume of the report of the National Commission on Secondary Schooling for Hispanics. There are three main sections. The first contains a comparative, demographic analysis of the United States Hispanic population, the total United States population, and the White and Black populations. It documents the relative size and growth…

Hispanic Policy Development Project, Inc., New York, NY.

119

Wyoming's "Education Reform & Cost Study."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history of education in the state of Wyoming, along with a description of recent legislative initiatives, are presented in this paper. It opens with statewide reorganizations begun in the 1960s that unified school districts and equalized property valuation. A decade later a court order ruled the system inequitable and new laws provided for a…

Meyer, Joseph B.

120

Modeling And Simulation Tools For Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., the Modeling And Simulation Tools for Education Reform (MASTER) provide useful educational tools that help students and teachers learn through observation and modeling activities. The Shodor Foundation worked in tandem with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, George Mason University, and other educational organizations to craft these tools and visitors can access all eight of them here. The Fractal Modeling Tools are a good place to start as visitors can download the required software or take in some instructional materials, such as the interactive fractal microscope and the snowflake fractal generator. Other notable areas here include The Pit and the Pendulum, which offers the work of Edgar Allan Poe as a way to learn about better reading through computation.

121

Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an "Asian" Way?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main…

Hallinger, Philip

2010-01-01

122

Planning and Organizational Reform Issues Affecting Hispanics in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major educational reforms are needed to make institutions of higher education responsive to the needs of Hispanics and other minorities. Three basic changes are essential to reform in higher education for Hispanics: increasing the number of Hispanics in faculty and administrative positions; increasing the representation of Hispanics in the student…

Arciniega, Tomas A.

123

John Stuart Mill on Freedom, Education, and Social Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the social philosophy of John Stuart Mill, emphasizing his views on freedom, education, and social reform. Considers Mill's individualism and reformism, the conflict between freedom and control that characterizes his work, and the importance of freedom and education. Suggests caution in drawing educational implications from his work. (DAB)

Carbone, Peter F.

1983-01-01

124

Higher Education Reform in Russia: Democratization or Bureaucratization?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reforms have increased the level of administrative oversight, and also of interference of the structure and content of university education in Russia. This is leading to a weakening of Russian higher education. In this article, the author talks about the reform of the system of higher education in Russia and the bureaucratization of higher…

Panfilova, T. V.

2011-01-01

125

Quality Education: School Reform for the New American Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reform of schools and the modernization of workplaces are inextricably linked. Finding common ground begins with a realization that educators have a tripartite mission to teach students to be good neighbors, involved citizens, and qualified workers. Unless the reform of schools and reform of workplaces proceed at the same pace, a mismatch is…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Porro, Jeffrey D.

126

Social Class, Gender and Secondary Education in Scotland in the 1950s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Newly accessible data from the Scottish Mental Survey 1947 are used to investigate the legacy in the 1950s of reforms to Scottish secondary schooling in the first four decades of the 20th century. These reforms had sought to extend opportunity for post-primary education beyond the children of the professional middle class who had formed the…

Paterson, Lindsay; Pattie, Alison; Deary, Ian J.

2011-01-01

127

Hong Kong Educational Reforms in the Last Decade: Reform Syndrome and New Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to analyse the reform syndrome, bottle-neck effects and their impacts on teachers and school education in the last ten years and highlight the direction of new developments. Design/methodology/approach: The paper examines educational reforms in Hong Kong in the last decade. Findings: Echoing the international trends of…

Cheng, Yin Cheong

2009-01-01

128

Changing Secondary School Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that many secondary school physical education programs fail to achieve their objectives. A disturbing number of students report associating required attendance with strong negative feelings about the class, physical activity, and themselves. Teachers report that workplace conditions do not allow any serious effort to provide instruction. The nature of these problems is such that neither improving instruction nor

Lawrence F. Locke

1992-01-01

129

Reforming Secondary Music Teaching in the New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues for a redefinition of how secondary music teachers might think about teaching content. Rather than considering performance-based education that reaches only a small portion of the population, music teachers should consider composition, improvisation, and active listening as important additional concerns for a wider population…

Webster, Peter

2000-01-01

130

Montana State University 1 Secondary Education  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Secondary Education The Department of Education offers teacher education programs for students seeking teaching careers in specific subject areas for grades five through twelve. General Science Broadfield, Social Studies Broadfield, and Technology Education Broadfield

Maxwell, Bruce D.

131

Education System Reform in China after 1978: Some Practical Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to provide an overview of education system reform in China since 1978, and its practical implications. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from literature review and interview. An overview of education system reform and its practical implications was found through data analysis. Findings: There has been two…

Sun, Miantao

2010-01-01

132

Rethinking the Role of Leadership in General Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the importance of leadership in general education reform, using three case studies. We argue that campus leadership that fosters collaboration, trust, and a sense of stewardship among constituents is more likely to be successful in the challenging task of substantially reforming general education curricula.

Gano-Phillips, Susan; Barnett, Robert W.; Kelsch, Anne; Hawthorne, Joan; Mitchell, Nancy D.; Jonson, Jessica

2011-01-01

133

Current Reform Efforts in Mathematics Education. ERIC/CSMEE Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current reform effort in mathematics education has its roots in the decade of the 1980's and the national reports that focused attention on an impending crisis in education, particularly in mathematics and science. Within this context, dozens of individual reform efforts have been initiated in recent years. Many have focused on the development…

Edwards, Thomas G.

134

"Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

2011-01-01

135

Educational Reform: Its Role in the Economic Destruction of Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role played by educational reform (as advocated by economic rationalism) in the economic destruction of Australian society. It is argued that two mechanisms for containing economic difficulties are the plundering of the nation state and the application of new technologies of production. Strategies of educational reform, as…

Bates, Richard

136

Globalization and the Reform of Faculties of Education in Egypt: The Roles of Individual and Organizational, National and International Actors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this manuscript we examine an example of globalization--the international organization-aided reform of faculties of education in Egypt. We first sketch the historical context during which secondary and primary-level teacher education became a part of Egyptian higher education. Then we draw on extensive documentary analysis and our own roles as…

Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa

2011-01-01

137

Exploring teachers' professional development and change through physical education curriculum reform and the Sport Education model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, many educational reforms have been put into practice to address deficiencies in the US educational system. These reforms have had mixed results – some have helped students; others have been ineffective (Fullan, 2001, 2007). Physical education programs have also been the target of reform. This has been particularly true in the last decade with the

Boung Jin Kang

2010-01-01

138

Reforms in Chinese Higher Education and Their Effect on Teacher Education in Inner Mongolia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines experiences of an English language teaching project at the Inner Mongolia Teacher University (China). Considers the effect of higher education reform processes on teacher education at Inner Mongolia. Presents these reforms in context of international trends in higher education over the past decade and more specific reforms happening in…

Hare, Peter; Thomas, Harold

2002-01-01

139

Decentralization and Structural Change in Secondary Education in Argentina: The Case of the Province of Buenos Aires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, Argentina created and implemented a compulsory lower-secondary education level, within an ambitious educational reform programme. This article addresses the reform at the national level, diverse provincial responses, and the particular way that the powerful province of Buenos Aires appropriated the structural change. The…

Acedo, Clementina; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.; Senen-Gonzalez, Silvia

2007-01-01

140

Michigan School Finance Reform. Analysis of the Enacted School Finance/Education Reform Package. Issue Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In March 1994, Michigan voters approved a ballot proposal that used a mixture of state and local taxes to fund the K-12 educational system. This document presents a comprehensive review of the issues affected by the reform. The enacted K-12 school-finance reform package made a major change in the way state aid was distributed to local school…

Towne, George; And Others

141

Have conceptual reforms (and one anti?reform) in preservice teacher education improved the education of multicultural, multilingual children and youth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines three conceptual reforms in US teacher education (competency?based teacher education (CBTE), reflective teacher education (RTE) and constructivist teacher education (CTE)) for their effects on the education of multicultural, multilingual youth, as well as considering alternative certification (AC), known here as an ‘anti?reform’. The author suggests that although each reform made incremental improvements in the ways that preservice

Kip Téllez

2007-01-01

142

Education for a New Era: Stakeholders' Perception of Qatari Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports the results of a qualitative research study that explores principal, teacher, and parent perceptions with regard to Qatar's education reform, Education for a New Era (EFNE) launched in 2004. The study focuses on the effects of the reform on each group, their perceived advantages and disadvantages of the reform, and the…

Ellili-Cherif, Maha; Romanowski, Michael

2013-01-01

143

Reforms of Educational Efficiency and Quality in Developing Countries: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguishes between the different 'themes' of educational reform in developing countries over the past 30 years: (1) planning/management and efficiency reforms; (2) quality reforms; and (3) curricular reforms. Discusses planning/management and efficiency reforms and quality reforms in detail. Provides references. (CMK)

Riddell, Abby Rubin

1998-01-01

144

Zimbabwe's Public Education System Reforms: Successes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss Zimbabwe's public education system. First, the article provides a brief look at pre-independence education in Zimbabwe. Second, it discusses some of the reforms that took place in the Zimbabwe education system following independence. Third, it looks at the current structure of Zimbabwe's education system…

Kanyongo, Gibbs Y.

2005-01-01

145

Korean Higher Education Reforms and Changes since the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korean higher education has experienced significant changes since the 1990s. Terms like quality, excellence, competition, efficiency, restructuring, and accountability have become dominant in higher education discourse. These changes are integral parts of higher education reforms implemented by the South Korean government and higher educational

Oh, Yun Suk

2011-01-01

146

The Education Reform Bill ? 44 years of progress?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Reform Bill is contrasted with the 1944 Education Act, especially in regard to the schools sector and the responsibilities of local education authorities (LEAs). The 1944 Act is seen as part of the formation of a Welfare State after the devastation and social upheaval of the war, in which educational opportunity and notions of a just society were

John Tomlinson

1989-01-01

147

Improving Finance for Qatari Education Reform. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar's education reform, which included implementation of a new finance system, appears to be providing schools with adequate funding but is still struggling with issues of transparency and swift policy shifts that have been difficult to accommodate. [For full report, "Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar", see ED504832.

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2009-01-01

148

Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney…

Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

2012-01-01

149

Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Teacher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As for all teacher education programs, historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been subject to a host of policy mandates for reform over the past three decades. As a group their approach to these changes has differed from those of majority institutions and their voice in the policy reform dialogue has been muted or absent. This…

Dilworth, Mary E.

2012-01-01

150

Contesting Reform: Bernstein's Pedagogic Device and Madrasah Education in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the active role played by various pedagogic agents in contesting the state educational reforms for madrasahs in Singapore. Drawing upon Basil Bernstein's pedagogic device, the paper identifies tensions and challenges that arise from the attempts by the state to implement curriculum reforms. The paper contends that the stakes…

Tan, Charlene

2010-01-01

151

Equity in education: Low priority in the school reform movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author argues that the educational reform movements are cyclical and that the present call for excellence can be seen in previous cycles. Noting the absence of a concern for equity in the many recent reports and studies, the author discusses the concepts of equity, equality, and excellence. Alternative reforms are proposed to enhance equity for minority and presently underachieving

Faustine C. Jones-Wilson

1986-01-01

152

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reform movement in education appears to focus on the ways in which schools are organized and managed rather than on the interaction that takes place among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. In the process of designing reform to encourage our most promising students and also to meet the needs of at-risk students, we need to examine

Joseph S. Renzulli; Sally M. Reis

1991-01-01

153

Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

Lynch, Timothy

2014-01-01

154

Benchmarking Exponential Growth of Educational Reform: The Sustainability Index  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After decades of reform efforts in public school systems in the United States, there is minimal student achievement progress to measure. This article addresses the ongoing challenges and complexities of the sustainability of educational reform through a review of the literature and the proposal of a Sustainability Index as a metric to benchmark…

Garcia, Ray

2009-01-01

155

Who's Who in a Growing Education Reform Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform advocacy organizations have been working at the state-level for more than twenty-five years, but the last decade has seen a significant increase in their number and in the intensity of their focus and methods. It's no coincidence that as reform organizations proliferate the movement accelerates: the mission of such organizations…

Policy Innovators in Education Network, 2012

2012-01-01

156

How a Reform Affects Writing in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with how a major top-down reform in Norwegian higher education has affected student writing, and teachers' and students' roles. The Quality Reform was strongly influenced by the Bologna Declaration and was implemented from 2002. One of the outcomes was that, while Norwegian universities previously demanded very little…

Dysthe, Olga

2007-01-01

157

Five Years of Education Reform in Rural Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1990, a long-term study has been following the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) in 21 schools in 4 rural school districts. This publication summarizes study findings through 1995. Findings across KERA strands suggest that reform would have been unlikely without KERA's extra funding, used to increase teacher…

Notes from the Field: Education Reform in Rural Kentucky, 1996

1996-01-01

158

Secondary Education in Spain. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a brief description of secondary education in Spain. It constitutes one part of a series entitled "Guide to Secondary Education in Europe," developed as part of a Council of Europe project. Chapter 1 presents a general overview of the Spanish education system, with a focus on secondary education. Chapter 2 describes…

Ferrer, Alejandro Tiana; And Others

159

Essential Partnerships in the Reform of Secondary Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Alice's travel through Wonderland resembles our journeys with reform. We often encounter new experiences. We learn from events. Some tasks are harder to complete than they initially appear. Moreover, we tend to encounter the same lively characters in our reform efforts that Alice encountered in her journey. If we are to engage successfully in reform efforts, we must work effectively with those who are part of our journey. In this chapter, we will address the different aspects of building partnerships to support reform efforts. Our intention is to provide new insights into the importance of collaborative efforts and guidance in facilitating productive partnerships.

Julie A. Luft

2009-01-01

160

Educational Reform and Gifted Education: From the Perspective of a Dean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators of gifted children are encouraged to provide effective leadership to the educational reform movement and are warned of the consequences of the profession's fragmentation. Two fundamental issues in educational reform are the professionalization of teaching and the mandate for educational excellence for all children. (JDD)

Whitmore, Joanne Rand

1988-01-01

161

Beyond the "Decorated Landscapes" of Educational Reform: Toward Landscapes of Pluralism in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps, we are at the fork in the road when it is imperative that we consider whether the pursuit of pluralism in science education is a worthwhile endeavor in light of recent educational reforms that seem to decorate the true aim of education. The "decorated landscapes" of educational reform concentrate on economic growth and do little to…

Mueller, Michael P.; Bentley, Michael L.

2007-01-01

162

Baltimore City Community College: A Long Way to Go. Two Years Yield Few Meaningful Reforms, Underscore Deep-Seated Challenges Facing City Residents' Largest Provider of Post-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) represents the only chance for many Baltimore City residents to obtain a post-secondary education, find a job with a career path, and earn a sufficient income to support a family. BCCC is also a critical linchpin in Baltimore's ability to build a competitive workforce. Yet the college, with 7,300 credit…

Abell Foundation, 2004

2004-01-01

163

Higher Education & School Reform. Jossey-Bass Education Series. Jossey-Bass Higher Education and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the critical relationship between higher education institutions and K-12 schools, including an examination of higher education's role in implementing systemic school reform. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction: Higher Education and School Reform--A Missing Voice" (P. Michael Timpane and Lori S. White);…

Timpane, P. Michael, Ed.; White, Lori S., Ed.

164

Goals of Universal Basic and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay discusses educational goals for universal basic and secondary education. It suggests some of the difficulties that may explain the great diversity of educational goals. The purposes of this essay are to (1) stimulate attention to educational goals on the part of individuals, families, educational professionals, community leaders in…

Cohen, Joel E.

2006-01-01

165

A Way Forward: A Progressive Vision for Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress has the opportunity to move forward on education reform by reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, to ensure all children achieve their greatest potential. Unfortunately, it has yet to find the will to do so, to the detriment of American students and schools. ESEA is the largest and most significant federal…

Ayers, Jeremy; Brown, Cynthia

2011-01-01

166

Austerity, Ontario and Post-Secondary Education: The Case of "Canada's Capital University"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As austerity measures intensify around the world, the axe has come down particularly hard on post-secondary education (PSE). So-called education "reform" has shown itself to be a lightning rod for confrontation. In order to deal with unprecedented government budget shortfalls, caused, it must be recalled, by the lead agents of the capitalist class…

Fanelli, Carlo; Meades, James

2011-01-01

167

Exploring the Congruence between the Lesotho Junior Secondary Geography Curriculum and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from…

Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di

2013-01-01

168

Education reform and the quality of kindergartens in Jordan  

PubMed Central

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan—the implementation of public kindergartens—and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of kindergartens was selected to represent these new public kindergartens (n = 84) and previously existing private kindergartens (n = 23). Independent observers rated the quality of kindergarten environments in seven domains. Overall, 13% of public kindergarten environments were observed to be inadequate, 43% were of minimal quality, 43% were good, and 1% were excellent. In four of the seven domains, the quality of public kindergartens was significantly higher than the quality of private kindergartens; there were no significant differences in the other domains. Findings suggest the importance of continuing to implement high quality kindergartens in Jordan and of incorporating evaluations into education reform. PMID:21170163

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

169

Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the need for higher education to create a community of critical thinkers. It suggests that contemporary curricular reform is already producing citizens of the world as it advocates diversity and multicultural education. The central argument is a defense of the "new education," and is rooted in the ideal of the citizen who…

Nussbaum, Martha C.

170

Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

New, William

2012-01-01

171

The Rhetoric of Policy Formation in Cordoba Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore education policies formation during two administrations (1983-1998) in the province of Cordoba, Argentina through the comparison of policy documents. The profound connections of the social, cultural, economic, and educational processes impact of Argentina's educational reforms during the last two decades of…

Olmos, Liliana Esther

2009-01-01

172

Research on Leadership Education as a Reform Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership education has become the public education reform strategy of the new century. Spotlighting leadership education presumes that improved leadership preparation and development will yield better leadership, management, and organizational practices which, in turn, will improve teaching, student learning and student performance in schools…

Orr, Margaret Terry

2006-01-01

173

Adult Jewish Education and Participation among Reform Jewish Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of adult Jewish education is rich and is replete with learning opportunities for Jewish adults, and Jewish women are active participants in adult Jewish education. In this chapter, the author examines Reform Jewish women's motivations to participate in adult Jewish education. First, she provides a historical overview of Judaism and…

Mareschal, Teresa L.

2012-01-01

174

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

1991-01-01

175

Federal Role in School Reform from Sociological and Educational Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains (1) five papers on issues raised in a study by Ron Corwin on the Teachers Corps program as an instrument of educational change, (2) a summary of educators' and sociologists' responses to the papers, and (3) an essay by the editor on possibilities for educational change and institutional reform. The first paper is by Melvin…

Fox, G. Thomas, Jr., Ed.

176

Implementing and Sustaining Educational Reforms: The Case for Little "R"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing importance of schools and learning in the changing patterns of work and society is widely recognized. However, implementing and sustaining educational reforms pose major problems in all countries. This paper briefly: (1) summarizes conceptual trends in implementing educational change, (2) reviews the complexities of educational

Adams, Don

2007-01-01

177

Negotiating for Change: Women's Movements and Education Reform in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic changes during the past 20 years in Taiwan offer a good example of how gender policy in education is facilitated by a combination of interrelated economic, political and social forces. Taiwan's policy on gender education emerged from the interaction of state, education, academic and non-academic feminist positions in reforms. This…

Lee, Shu-Ching

2011-01-01

178

Special Education Funding Reform: A Review of Impact Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various models for funding special education services have been described in the literature. This paper aims at moving the debate concerning special education funding reform beyond the descriptive level by reviewing studies that investigated the impact of various models for funding special education. Systematic searches were conducted of ERIC and…

Sigafoos, Jeff; Moore, Dennis; Brown, Don; Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.

2010-01-01

179

Corporate Education Reform and the Rise of State Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The election of Barack Obama appeared to signal a shift in U.S. policy toward the Left, particularly since Obama has been framed as a "socialist," but the education discourse and policy pursued under Obama and voiced by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has shown that education reform remains in the midst of a powerful corporate model. This essay…

Thomas, P. L.

2013-01-01

180

Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

181

After Access: Canadian Education and Copyright Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the dramatic growth of the Internet in the 1990s, the Canadian government developed a well-regarded strategy for addressing the emerging issues posed by the "information highway." The strategy featured legal reforms to address privacy and e-commerce, administrative reforms for the government online initiative, and connectivity programs such…

Geist, Michael

2006-01-01

182

To: Healthcare Reform Educational Task Force Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the full impact will not be known until much further down the road, with the passage of the landmark healthcare reform bill, signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, it is quickly becoming apparent that national and state level reform are inextricably intertwined. This is particularly true with Medicaid, a healthcare program for the poor,

Robert Kessler; Katherine Keefe; Julie Barnes; Claire Miley; Richard Sanders; Rupa S. Lloyd

2010-01-01

183

Culture, Literacy, and Secondary Mathematics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of the culture in secondary mathematics education. A historical and philosophical look at the relationship between the real world and mathematics and mathematics education is developed. The U.S. secondary mathematics curriculum is explored both historically and philosophically to try to ascertain its changing…

Hirschhorn, Daniel B.

184

Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

2012-01-01

185

"Back to the Future" in a Ukrainian Manner: Examining the Impact of the Contradictory 2001 and 2010 Education Reforms on Ukrainian Schools and Science Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyses and evaluates the impact of two recent (2001 and 2010) education reforms on Ukrainian secondary schools, and, in particular, on science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology and Earth science), in terms of the structural, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the reformed disciplines. It also examines societal…

Fomichova, Kseniya; Kazama, Futaba; Misonou, Taku

2014-01-01

186

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

187

History, Myth, and the Politics of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the politics of education in the United States by considering the ideas and lives of Emma Willard and Catharine Beecher, nineteenth century educational reformers. It argues that understanding these women as American Antigones, as working through the contradictions between their public writing and their private lives, provides a…

Reddick, Robert Nelson

2004-01-01

188

Not by Schools Alone: Sharing Responsibility for America's Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book maintains that educational reform cannot occur in a vacuum. The theme of the book is that the problems faced by education are systemic and deeply embedded in family and social problems. Schools themselves must assume responsibility for change, and change must occur in the ways in which schools relate to outside constituencies. The…

Waddock, Sandra A.

189

Not Lost in Translation: Reforming Higher Education in Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the latest developments in higher educational policy in the Russian Federation and the influence of international organizations such as the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on these policies and education reforms. This article's primary purpose is to explore how the newly…

Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

2006-01-01

190

Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several years ago I reported a survey (Hake 1998a,b,c) of pre\\/post test data for 62 introductory physics courses enrolling a total of 6542 students. The present article provides a summary of that survey and presents fourteen lessons from the physics-education reform effort that may assist the general upgrading of education and science literacy.

Richard R. Hake

2001-01-01

191

Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

Roberts, Jay

2007-01-01

192

US World Geography Textbooks: Their Role in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks play a central role in the US education system. High school level World Geography textbooks are an important tool in the campaign to reform geography education in the United States, particularly through the introduction of the National Geography Standards. The status of the Standards in US schools is appraised. Five factors (authority,…

Bednarz, Sarah W.

2004-01-01

193

A Decade of Reform in Geographic Education: Inventory and Prospect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emerged from a "Summit in Geographic Education" at Southwest Texas State University in San Marcos, Texas, May 1993. This volume is comprised mainly of the papers prepared for the Summit. The book is divided into four sections: (1) "A View from the Summit"; (2) "The Reform Movement in School Geography"; (3) "Higher Education's Role in the…

Bednarz, Robert S., Ed.; Peterson, James F., Ed.

194

Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

Conway, Paul F.

2013-01-01

195

Learning, Technology, and Education Reform in the Knowledge Age or \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The year 2000 will mark the 10, anniversary of the arrival of the Knowledge Age in the United States. It will also mark nearly 20 years of efforts in the current round of education reform in the U. S. It's time to take a step back to a wide-angle view of the central roles learning and education will increasingly play

Bernie Trilling; Paul Hood

196

Rethinking Educational Reform: A Loosely Coupled and Complex Systems Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically examines two sets of ideas that have influenced educational reform in the recent past: managerialism and market approaches. It is argued that while each can be demonstrated to have led to useful change, neither provides a basis for future improvement in education. A recent example of change within the State School sector of…

Goldspink, Chris

2007-01-01

197

The apparel higher education in China: Reform and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's apparel higher education has experienced significant transformations to accommodate the development of society and economy. One purpose of this paper is to review the current changes in apparel higher education through reform and reconstruction during the past two decades in a historical perspective. Another purpose is to identify the new challenges and problems met in terms of globalization, mass

Qiao-Ying Wu; Chun-Sheng Wu

2010-01-01

198

Hannah more and the rhetoric of educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Evangelical reformer Hannah More hoped to change the educational practices of the British upper classes. In Strictures on the Modern System of Female Education (1799), Hints Toward Forming the Character of a Princess (1805), and Coelebs in Search of a Wife (1808), More lays out a program devised primarily for girls, but to some extent also applicable to the

Jane Nardin

2001-01-01

199

Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

200

Higher Education Reforms and Unintended Consequences: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Europe has undergone remarkable transformations over the last two decades. Germany is a very interesting case in point here. While the country was labeled as a laggard in the process, over the last decade the pace of higher education reforms in Germany has grown considerably. This paper will focus on the by now visible effects…

Krücken, Georg

2014-01-01

201

China's Educational Reform during the Cultural Revolution: A Postmodern Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the educational reforms and drastic curriculum changes occurring in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966-76) in light of postmodern theory. The document examines personal educational experiences in China during that time in light of critical pedagogy and postmodern theories of curriculum development. The paper asserts…

Wan, Guofang

202

New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

Solhaug, Trond

2011-01-01

203

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

204

Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…

Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

2007-01-01

205

Tax Reform and Individual Giving to Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education benefits from several United States tax law provisions, including deductibility of charitable contributions. Recent tax reform proposals could increase would-be donors' net cost by reducing tax incentives. This paper links lower tax rates to a significant future reduction in educational philanthropy. (18 references) (MLH)

Auten, Gerald E.; Rudney, Gabriel G.

1986-01-01

206

Editorial. Introduction: Global and Local Dimensions of Reforms in Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This editorial introduces a theme issue on teacher-education reforms in the age of globalization, focusing on globalization and the transference of educational ideas and the economic imperative and teacher-education reforms. The editorial describes case studies that provide accounts of teacher-education reforms in Africa, South America, the Far…

Elliott, John

1999-01-01

207

Understanding Educational Reform in Global Context: Economy, Ideology, and the State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a set of national case studies on educational reform of higher education that views reform as processes of ideological and social struggles. The titles and authors are as follows: "Educational Reform: Social Struggles, the State and the World Economic System" (Mark B. Ginsburg, et al.); "Restructuring Education and the State in…

Ginsburg, Mark B., Ed.

208

Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform based on technical and rational processes often short-circuits reform because it is uncontentious, abstract, and provides educators with no legitimate ways to question the marketplace values and policies that drive much contemporary school reform. The perspective referred to as "betterment" is an alternative reform that stresses…

Oakes, Jeannie; Quartz, Karen Hunter; Ryan, Steve; Lipton, Martin

209

High School Reform: Integration of Special Education. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that students throughout the nation are not being adequately prepared for post-secondary life and that students with disabilities face even greater post-school challenges (Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Garza, & Levine, 2005). In response to such evidence, many states and localities are initiating high school reform activities and, in…

Muller, Eve; Burdette, Paula

2007-01-01

210

Educational Reform in Japan and Its Influence on Teachers' Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2002 restructuring of the national curriculum in all Japanese public elementary and secondary schools includes a reduction and reallocation of instructional hours, and the addition of a new "integrated studies" course, with an emphasis on more individualized, cross-curricular thematic projects. This reform comes at a time when a stagnant…

Hooghart, Anne M.

2006-01-01

211

High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study…

Oh, Jeongran

2011-01-01

212

Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in…

Zach, Sima; Inglis, Varda

2013-01-01

213

Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: From Past to Present. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters in this volume give an account of the process of modernisation and educational reform in Russia, variously considering the cultural and political dilemmas provoked by democratisation, the structural and policy challenges associated with the reform of higher and vocational education, and the deep divisions exposed as socio-cultural…

Johnson, David, Ed.

2010-01-01

214

A Superintendent's Evaluation of Teacher Education Reform. Transforming American Education: Making It Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the course taken by the United States to improve its public education system in response to the issue of global competitiveness. The nation's attempts at reform of public schooling since 1983 are described, recommendations from the report "A Nation at Risk" are summarized, and teacher education reform within the…

Negroni, Peter J.

215

Comprehensive School Reform and Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

2008-01-01

216

Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

2012-01-01

217

International Update: Are the Recent Reforms in Polish Education Making it Harder for Discipline to be Maintained in Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work attempts to determine whether the recent educational reforms in Poland are making it more difficult for discipline to be maintained in schools. It is concluded that the changes have a negative impact upon school discipline because the likelihood of mixed-ability classes in junior secondary institutions is high. The theoretical framework…

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

218

The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…

Polelo, Mompati Mino

2009-01-01

219

Reviewing Canadian Post-Secondary Education: Post-Secondary Education Policy in Post-Industrial Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2004, a number of Canadian provinces have initiated comprehensive reviews of their respective public post-secondary education systems. This paper examines the ways in which these provincial post-secondary education reviews are consistent with the pervasive influence of economic globalization on higher education and a more market-driven and…

Kirby, Dale

2007-01-01

220

Estimate of resources required for a meaningful reform of education  

E-print Network

A simple estimate in terms of currency units shows that a meaningful educational reform process can be launched and sustained over many generations of teachers with support of parents of students. In the estimate, the steady inflow of resources from parents provides support for advanced studies by teachers. Not to waste the resources on spurious activities, the estimated inflow proceeds directly from the parents as clients to the providers of required reform program. The providers are the experts in various disciplines who excel in helping teachers become great. Their services to teachers are ultimately assessed by parents on the basis of changes in behavior of children. The resulting reform program grows slowly from small seeds. The running cost of the reform process to parents appears surprisingly low while its development leads to the desired changes over time.

Glazek, Stanislaw D

2012-01-01

221

Language Study in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for the study of language in secondary schools, discusses components of language study, notes the failure of the Bullock Report to point out the importance of language study, and discusses four characteristics of language that could serve as starting points for the study of language in secondary schools. (GT)

Stork, F. C.

1980-01-01

222

Special Education in Ontario, Canada: A Case Study of Market-Based Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Ontario's (Canada) educational reforms with broad implications for students with special educational needs. Draws five principles from the literature about educational reform under market-driven policies. Analyzes reform initiatives to see how and to what extent they reflect those principles. Compares results with other countries'…

Jordan, Anne

2001-01-01

223

The Rhetoric of Science Education Reform Paper presentation prepared for the annual meeting  

E-print Network

, when has there ever not been reform movement in science education? Leon M. Lederman, Nobel Prize1 The Rhetoric of Science Education Reform Paper presentation prepared for the annual meeting. W. (2000, Nov). The rhetoric of science education reform. The Physics Teacher, 38, 20-21. William W

Cobern, William W.

224

The Public Understanding of Assessment in Educational Reform in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States education system depends on legislation and funding at the federal, state and local levels. Public understanding of assessment therefore is important to educational reform in the USA. Educational reformers often invoke assessment information as a reason for reform, typically by citing unacceptable achievement on some measure or…

Brookhart, Susan M.

2013-01-01

225

School Leadership Mentoring Characteristics in an Era of Significant Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of Indiana is undergoing substantial educational reform, as is the nation. Educational leaders are in great need of support as they address reform initiatives. The support that educational leaders receive from mentors/coaches may be a determining factor in how they embrace the latest reform and work with their school communities. The…

Monahan, Bobbie Jo

2012-01-01

226

Synthesis of Findings from 15?years of Educational Reform in Thailand: Lessons on Leading Educational Change in East Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about…

Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.

2013-01-01

227

Secondary Education in India: Development Policies, Programmes and Challenges. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 63  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper aims to provide an overview of secondary education in India with focus on the development trajectory currently pursued in the sub-sector. The paper reviews current status, development policies, approaches and reform programmes. While discussing the tremendous progress made in enhancing secondary schooling opportunities in India during…

Biswal, K.

2011-01-01

228

Profile of laboratory instruction in secondary school level chemistry and indication for reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a profile of the laboratory component of instruction in secondary school level chemistry. As one of several companion studies, the purpose of the study is to investigate present practices related to instruction as a means of producing reform that improve cognitive and non-cognitive learning outcomes. Five hundred-forty students, from 18 chemistry classes taught by 12 teachers in

Mei Wang

1997-01-01

229

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

230

Career Maturity: A Priority for Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviews the current state of career maturity in secondary education--a period of education which is critical for development of this construct, when students are faced with ongoing academic and occupational decisions over the course of their studies. This paper is organized in three parts: first we focus on the concept, models,…

Gonzalez, Manuel Alvarez

2008-01-01

231

Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

2010-01-01

232

Rural Alaska Secondary Education Study: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a study conducted during 1993-94 evaluating rural secondary education in Alaska. The six components of the study included: (1) a survey of boarding school graduates concerning how well their educational experience prepared them for college, trade school, and employment; (2) a telephone survey of 800 rural households…

McDowell Group, Juneau, AK.

233

Reform and Reaction: The Political Economy of Education in Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kentucky has a long history of educational problems and of reform efforts that failed because of state neglect. These problems, which deeply affect rural economic development and are closely tied to patterns of unequal development, have become more troublesome as world markets have changed. The roots of these problems are planted in the state's…

Collins, Timothy

234

Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

Balch, Stephen H.

2007-01-01

235

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

236

A Union of Professionals: Labor Relations and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the changing role of teacher unions in the educational reform movement. It contains nine case studies of unions across the United States that are forging new, collaborative relationships with management in a reconceptualization of "professional unionism." Chapters include: (1) "Building the Airplane While It's Rolling Down the…

Kerchner, Charles Taylor; Koppich, Julia E.

237

Education Reform in Bolivia: Transitions towards Which Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concerns the impact of educational reforms on young people in Bolivian society as they transition into adulthood, against the backdrop of globalisation and far-reaching structural changes. Ethnicity and cultural capital are linked in complex ways with social stratification in Bolivia. In a pluricultural society, the language of…

Arrueta, Jose Antonio; Avery, Helen

2012-01-01

238

Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

239

AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform,  

E-print Network

AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform, and Instructional Assessment: Part I Laura McCullough, UW-Stout Catherine H. Crouch, Harvard Univ. #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Is there a gender problem, 1999) found gender difference on FCI pretest, little difference on post-test #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1

Wu, Mingshen

240

School-Based Management: The Next Needed Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends the implementation of school-based management systems as one way to meet government demands for educational reform. Describes the functions of principals, school advisory councils, school-site budgeting and accounting, and annual planning and performance reports in successful school-based management systems. Presents examples of…

Guthrie, James W.

1986-01-01

241

National Assessment and the Opportunity to Learn in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over two decades, national assessments in Ghana have revealed generally poor performances across curriculum-based tests for primary school (Grades 1-6). Various reform agendas have been applied to the education system, sometimes with isolated success, but the overall performances remained stable and low. Surveying teacher mentors in schools…

Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.; Mereku, Kofi D.; Amedahe, Francis K.; Etsey, Kofui; Adu, John

2013-01-01

242

Rethinking the World Bank Agenda for Chinese Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the way in which the World Bank has worked effectively with China in higher education. It investigates whether or not the cooperation between the two has changed in line with their changing relationship. More specifically, it discusses whether the World Bank's China agenda reflects the reform package of…

Ma, Jinyuan

2014-01-01

243

Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is…

Wu, Wu-Tien

2004-01-01

244

The "Third Sector" and Education Reform: Some Metaphors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because their resources are inadequate, philanthropic foundations cannot bring about educational reform by themselves. Foundations are best when serving as midwives, parking garages, conversations pits, burning glasses (to focus thought), levers, and lighthouse tenders. The American people are responsible for acting voluntarily to support public…

Cole, Bob

1990-01-01

245

Funding Impediments to Education Reform in West Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prospects for financing educational reform in West Virginia are grim. Added to the state's high unemployment rate are the following problems: declining sales, income, and property tax revenues and erosion of federal support due to Gramm-Rudman-Hollings. Residents have set other priorities for public funding. Includes five references. (MLH)

Meckley, Richard

1986-01-01

246

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

247

The Higher Education System in Macedonia: Overview, Reforms, and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The system of higher education in Macedonia is undergoing the largest reform process since the mid-1940s. The context is rather turbulent. Fourteen years after Macedonia's separation from the Yugoslav Federation, this small country now deals with an unstable political situation (the Kosovo question) and awaits an answer from Brussels (expected in…

Stojanov, Georgi; Angeloska-Galevska, Natasha

2006-01-01

248

Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

Datnow, Amanda

2012-01-01

249

The culture of education policy making: curriculum reform in Shanghai  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a ‘global assemblage’. A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper explains how the Shanghai municipal government justifies

Charlene Tan

2012-01-01

250

Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

2006-01-01

251

Emergent Evaluation and Educational Reforms in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this chapter is to characterize educational reforms in Latin America over the last 25 years, and the way they reflect the role, method, and use of evaluation processes. The main theoretical and methodological tensions that are created by the development of evaluations will be reviewed, concluding with the identification of some of the…

Martinic, Sergio

2012-01-01

252

Higher Education Reform in India: Experience and Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of six essays and six case studies analyzes efforts at reform and the changes that have taken place in Indian higher education over the past four decades. The six essays describe several innovative and interesting programs and analyze key policy areas. After an introduction by Philip G. Altbach and Suma Chitnis, titles include: (1)…

Chitnis, Suma, Ed.; Altbach, Philip G., Ed.

253

No we won't! Teachers' resistance to educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - Teachers' resistance to educational reform has b een explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition a nd the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have no t, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive study focused on the messages or

Izhak Berkovich

2011-01-01

254

No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

Berkovich, Izhak

2011-01-01

255

Sociocultural Origins of Turkish Educational Reforms and Ideological Origins of Late Ottoman Intellectuals (1908-1930)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern Turkish state and society have been greatly influenced by reforms of the education system. Second Constitutional Period reforms can be viewed as the preparatory stage of Republican reforms and a time when many of the later reforms were planned and given limited application. In this way both periods contributed to the foundation of…

Gunduz, Mustafa

2009-01-01

256

Curriculum reform in baccalaureate nursing education: review of the literature.  

PubMed

The debate surrounding the need for reform in nursing education has been heard for well over a decade. Recently, deficiencies in the quality of patient care, as well as patient safety issues, have led to calls for change in health professions education by nursing organizations and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The rationale and scope of any proposed curricular revision or changes in teaching practices must be firmly grounded in a comprehensive review of the literature and based on current research findings. This article synthesizes the recent literature related to curriculum reform and innovation in nursing education. Four themes were identified in the literature: incorporating safety and quality in nursing education, re-designing conceptual frameworks, strategies to address content laden curricula, and teaching using alternative pedagogies. Synthesis of the recent literature in the field will assist faculty who are beginning the curriculum evaluation and revision process in their own schools. PMID:19725808

Forbes, Maryann O; Hickey, Mary T

2009-01-01

257

Wisconsin's Elementary-Secondary School Finance Reform Legislation: Assembly Substitute Amendment 1 to 1973 Assembly Bill 300.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the development of school finance reform pressures in Wisconsin from pressure in 1967 for property tax reform to 1973 legislative reform proposals. The 1973 proposal is designed to provide further equalization of educational opportunity to all Wisconsin students and to guarantee adequate financial resources to provide these…

Buchmiller, Archie A.

258

A review of higher education reform in modern Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of different parties in Japan have been discussinghigher educational reform for over thirty years. Many of theseideas finally started to take form in the 1990s as the Ministryof Education's University Council began implementing many of thepropositions that had been put forth during the deliberations ofthe 1970s and 1980s. As Japan enters the 21st century, its18-year-old population has decreased

Paul Doyon

2001-01-01

259

Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

Evans, Brenda

260

The Reception of the Educational Decentralization and Curricular Reform among the Hungarian Teachers from Romania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Choosing of the theme was determined by the Central-Eastern European educational reforms, the role of the educators in the process of changing in the educational system and the enlargement of the social demands towards the schools. The aim of our the research is on the connection between the educational reforms and the educators. Partly, it is due…

Péter, Lilla

2008-01-01

261

Instructors' Perceptions of the Bologna Model of Higher Education Reform in Cameroon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem Statement. The literature on education in Cameroon suggests that there is a deep-rooted history of resistance to educational reform and harmonization both at the K12 and higher education levels. Attempts by political and educational leaders to reform and harmonize the two very distinct systems of education, inherited from former colonizers…

Mngo, Zachary Y.

2011-01-01

262

Implementing a reform-oriented pedagogy: challenges for novice secondary mathematics teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1991, 2007) Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics experience many stresses related to their attempts at student-centered instruction; prominent among those were novices' challenges when orchestrating whole-class mathematical discussions with students taking a central, substantive role. During such discussions, students offer conjectures, ideas, and solutions and use mathematical argumentation and verification processes. Such teaching can create uncertainty and stress as teachers occupy a revised teaching role. They avoid evaluating student ideas during class; instead, they ask questions to move students' thinking forward, pose problems that deepen students' mathematical understanding, and choose between competing directions the discussion may take. Ultimately, teachers decide whether to continue pursuing such teaching goals or revert back to more familiar, teacher-centered methods. Supportive networks showed promise at helping novices navigate their first few years of teaching; organized networks helped novices meet their teaching goals while limiting the impact of their challenges on their well-being and teaching goals. The results of this study may inform teacher educators, administrators, and colleagues on how to support novices in pursuing teaching better aligned with novices' teaching ideals and reformer's visions.

Lewis, Gary M.

2014-06-01

263

Policy, practice, and reconversion in Spanish educational reform: teaching and teacher education in physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the late 1980s, reform of the Spanish education system has been justified by reformists as a response to the social and economic changes that have occurred in Spanish society since the democratic transition in the 1970s. Consolidation of democracy, development of technology and economic convergence with the advanced nations of Europe have been seen as the major challenges for

1997-01-01

264

The Teacher Education Reform Process in Ethiopia: Some consequences on educators and its implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the emergence of the discourse of TESO, teacher education in Ethiopia has been struggling to change rhetoric and practice by reaffirming a managerially driven reform performance. The terrain is now characterized by fresh, but globally dominant rhetoric. Salient in the emerging discourse is reform mottos and agendas such as ‘active learning’, ‘competence’, ‘participatory’, ‘paradigm shift’ and ‘system overhaul’. However,

Kedir Assefa Tessema

2007-01-01

265

Educational Reform and Political Backlash: Recent Changes in Chinese Educational Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes educational reforms of the Cultural Revolution in China and their results, and describes the recent policy moves away from these reforms. It speculates about the impact of these two sets of policies and suggests how these effects led particular groups to support or choose certain policies. (Author/KC)

Shirk, Susan L.

1979-01-01

266

Higher Education Reform in Brazil: Reinforcing Marketization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Brazil began based on institutions organized as isolated establishments, and mostly privately owned. Nonetheless, public institutions created as universities and developing research activities and other services became the desired ideal for higher education. The first educational institutions in Brazil were created in the…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

2009-01-01

267

Papers on Education Reform, Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following ten papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board in 1971. "Where Educational Nonsense Comes From" by Jacques Barzun focuses on education as the removal of ignorance. "The Importance of Teaching Poetry" by Cleanth Brooks discusses the powers of poetry in the instruction of yound children. In "Educating the…

Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

268

Reform-based science teaching: A mixed-methods approach to explaining variation in secondary science teacher practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this two-phase, sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was to understand and explain the variation seen in secondary science teachers' enactment of reform-based instructional practices. Utilizing teacher socialization theory, this mixed-methods analysis was conducted to determine the relative influence of secondary science teachers' characteristics, backgrounds and experiences across their teacher development to explain the range of teaching practices exhibited by graduates from three reform-oriented teacher preparation programs. Data for this study were obtained from the Investigating the Meaningfulness of Preservice Programs Across the Continuum of Teaching (IMPPACT) Project, a multi-university, longitudinal study funded by NSF. In the first quantitative phase of the study, data for the sample (N=120) were collected from three surveys from the IMPPACT Project database. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the separate as well as the combined influence of factors such as teachers' personal and professional background characteristics, beliefs about reform-based science teaching, feelings of preparedness to teach science, school context, school culture and climate of professional learning, and influences of the policy environment on the teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. Findings indicate three blocks of variables, professional background, beliefs/efficacy, and local school context added significant contribution to explaining nearly 38% of the variation in secondary science teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. The five variables that significantly contributed to explaining variation in teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices in the full model were, university of teacher preparation, sense of preparation for teaching science, the quality of professional development, science content focused professional, and the perceived level of professional autonomy. Using the results from phase one, the second qualitative phase selected six case study teachers based on their levels of reform-based teaching practices to highlight teachers across the range of practices from low, average, to high levels of implementation. Using multiple interview sources, phase two helped to further explain the variation in levels of reform-based practices. Themes related to teachers' backgrounds, local contexts, and state policy environments were developed as they related to teachers' socialization experiences across these contexts. The results of the qualitative analysis identified the following factors differentiating teachers who enacted reform-based instructional practices from those who did not: 1) extensive science research experiences prior to their preservice teacher preparation; 2) the structure and quality of their field placements; 3) developing and valuing a research-based understanding of teaching and learning as a result of their preservice teacher preparation experiences; 4) the professional culture of their school context where there was support for a high degree of professional autonomy and receiving support from "educational companions" with a specific focus on teacher pedagogy to support student learning; and 5) a greater sense of agency to navigate their districts' interpretation and implementation of state polices. Implications for key stakeholders as well as directions for future research are discussed.

Jetty, Lauren E.

269

What Do Leaders Think? Reflections on the Implementation of Higher Education Reforms in Armenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leader perceptions of higher education reforms in Armenia are examined in order to gain an insight into how they view the reforms, their role in the reforms and the roles of others. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six Armenian higher education leaders and analysed in terms of the following five aspects relevant to leadership: policy…

Karakhanyan, Susanna Yuri; van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo C. M.

2012-01-01

270

Assessing the Rationales for Educational Reforms: An Examination of Policy Claims About Professional Development, Comprehensive Reform, and Direct Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation studies seldom examine whether the rationales used to argue for an educational reform actually hold up when empirical evidence is examined after the reform has been implemented. This article examines survey data from 3 years of analyses of early reading interventions to examine three rationales that were used to argue for the program. First, there was evidence to support

Edward P. St. John; Genevieve Manset-Williamson; Choong-Geun Chung; Robert S. Michael

2005-01-01

271

Assessing the Rationales for Educational Reforms: An Examination of Policy Claims about Professional Development, Comprehensive Reform, and Direct Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation studies seldom examine whether the rationales used to argue for an educational reform actually hold up when empirical evidence is examined after the reform has been implemented. This article examines survey data from 3 years of analyses of early reading interventions to examine three rationales that were used to argue for the program.…

St. John, Edward P.; Manset-Williamson, Genevieve; Chung, Choong-Geun; Michael, Robert S.

2005-01-01

272

HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

PAGE, RAY

273

Reform in a Fragmented System: Higher Education in Bosnia-Herzegovina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes issues of fragmentation and reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina's higher education system, suggesting that a better appreciation of traditional university structures, rather than just Anglo-American central management, is important in achieving effective reform. (EV)

Temple, Paul

2002-01-01

274

Globalization and Educational Reform: The Challenges Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses three goals that pertain to globalization and its impact on public policy in general and Hispanic higher education in particular. First, the author defines globalization as it relates to education. Then, he considers what globalization suggests with regard to the public good. Finally, four implications are suggested about…

Tierney, William G.

2004-01-01

275

Education Reform in Slovenia and Ukraine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…

Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan

2003-01-01

276

Current Reform in Higher Education in Bahrain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Bahrain and background information on this Arab Gulf country are considered. Bahrain, similar to other Gulf States, depended heavily on expatriates as teachers, most of whom were from Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon. Bahraini students have pursued college studies in other countries. Higher education in the country started as separate…

Saif, Philip S.

277

The Newsroom's View of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cheating is rampant, national test scores are abysmal, school policy is set in Washington, and teacher tenure is on its last legs. That's the image of American education implied by the 250-odd education stories published by leading news organizations last year. In this article, the author takes a closer look. (Contains 1 figure.)

Petrilli, Michael

2012-01-01

278

A Historical Educational Reform: Turkey Rising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims at scrutinizing an example of how education can help a whole nation survive the most fateful times in its history: a world war followed by a struggle for independence. Therefore, the latest times of the Ottoman Empire in general and Ottoman education in particular are outlined to illustrate what the young Turkish republic…

Sad, Suleyman Nihat; Battal, Nevzat

2008-01-01

279

Voluntarism, Tax Reform, and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Voluntary initiative and voluntary support have been of fundamental importance in the establishment and development of the system of higher education in the U.S. Much of the superior quality of higher education is due to its diversity and its freedom from outside control. Voluntary financial support is one of the vital factors responsible for the…

Council for Financial Aid to Education, New York, NY.

280

Reform of the Educational Finance System as the Foundation of Compulsory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conditions required for a reform of the educational finance system as the foundation of compulsory education are 1) devolution to schools and introduction of national standards in order to deal with "individual equality" while compensating for the insufficiency of "aspectual equality," and 2) dealing with educational needs…

Suetomi, Kaori; Murray, Nadezhda

2014-01-01

281

"Open Education" Revisited: Promise and Problems in American Educational Reform (1967-1976).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the rise and fall of the open education movement of the 1960s and 1970s, considering the lessons that current school reformers might take from it. The paper notes that contemporary educational research indicates children can and should be taught in the ways they learn best, and it is time to reconsider the benefits of open education. (SM)

Smith, Lydia A. H.

1997-01-01

282

Great Expectations: Reforming Urban High Schools. An Education Forum with Urban Educators and Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from a forum held in 2000 with urban educators representing 15 districts nationwide. The forum, which was facilitated by educational researchers from Columbia University's Teachers College, shared best practices for reforming high poverty urban high schools and reviewed the Department of Education's "Transforming…

Lewis, Sharon; Baker, Nicole D.; Jepson, Jack; Casserly, Mike; Powell, Linda C.; Barrengos, John R.; Johnson, Judith; Eisner, Caroline, Ed.

283

Professional Development for Special Education Reform: Rearticulating the Experiences of Urban Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As urban districts undertake special education reform initiatives to move toward inclusive schooling arrangements, educators are challenged to reflect critically on their practices to support greater participation of all students, including those with disabilities. The authors describe the narratives of three educators who participated in a…

Naraian, Srikala; Oyler, Celia

2014-01-01

284

Developmental Education. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 9, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" will address the following three questions: (1) What are the challenges that developmental education programs face that affect their success? (2) Are developmental education programs an effective strategy for increasing college attainment rates? and (3) How can state policy improve the success of…

Vandal, Bruce

2008-01-01

285

Public and Private in South Korea's Education Reform Vocabulary: An Evolving Statist Culture of Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statism is a political economy that prevails in many East Asian countries. This paper explores its negative role in South Korea's education reform since the restoration of civilian democracy in 1993. It takes note of South Koreans' aberrant use of the terms "public education" and "private education" and the frame of reference for policy discourses…

Kim, Ki Su

2004-01-01

286

Cracks in the Education Pipeline: A Business Leader's Guide to Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides business leaders with a starting point for establishing a dialogue on higher education reform. Business leaders have a vested interest in ensuring that our institutions of higher education remain accessible, accountable, and affordable, because higher education provides the skilled workforce that businesses increasingly need.…

Committee for Economic Development, 2005

2005-01-01

287

Visions: Teachers' Perceptions of Reform Goals in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discerns high school teachers' perceptions of and commitment to the contemporary goals of science education. Suggests that a minority of teachers hold past goal orientations and that secondary science teachers are moving to embrace current goals. Contains 31 references. (DDR)

Zeidler, Dana L.

1998-01-01

288

Globalization, Statist Political Economy, and Unsuccessful Education Reform in South Korea, 1993-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the relationship between globalization and national education reforms, especially those of educational systems. Instead of exploring the much debated issues of how globalization affects national educational systems and how the nations react by what kinds of systemic education reform, however, it focuses on what such a method…

Kim, Ki Su

2005-01-01

289

Education-Finance Reform and the Distribution of Education Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1971 and 1996 opponents of local funding for public schools successfully challenged the constitutionality of school-finance systems in sixteen states. Using the variation across states in the timing of these cases the authors investigate the impact of reform on the distribution of school resources. Their results suggest that court-ordered finance reform reduced within-state inequality in spending by 19 to

Sheila E Murray; William N Evans; Robert M Schwab

1998-01-01

290

Secondary Education in Poland. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a brief description of secondary education in Poland. The first section provides an overview of the societal and political context in which the educational system exists. The second section discusses current educational issues, including policy formation, finance, the school role in the community, administration and…

Piwowarski, Rafal

291

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective,

Mary Kathryn Kelly

2001-01-01

292

Models and Practice in Initial Secondary Teacher Education in Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A look at the evolution of Cameroon's preservice secondary teacher education notes the inadequacy of Cameroon's sole institution for secondary teacher education. Formal and nonformal models of secondary teacher education are described. Issues of selection of models, initial education, and teacher certification are discussed; government policy and…

Tambo, Leke

1995-01-01

293

Making Different Sense of Reform: School Leaders' Perspectives on the New Senior Secondary Curriculum in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study outlines the perceptions of school leaders regarding the New Senior Secondary Curriculum in Hong Kong. It illustrates the diversity of perceptions and responses of school leaders in terms of the purposes of the reforms, challenges to be faced, and strategies for implementing the reform. The findings suggest that school leaders'…

Adamson, Bob; Tak-Shing, John Lam; Wai-Ming, Yu; Kin-Sang, Jacqueline Chan; Hau-Fai, Edmond Law; Wai-Lun, Anthony Leung

2010-01-01

294

A Kind of Educational Idealism: Integrating Realism and Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

By intent, this essay has several major guiding assumptions. First, it has an autobiographical flavor, that is, it attempts\\u000a to capture an individual’s thoughts and activities from the early days of educational reform in the mid twentieth century.\\u000a “Being around” and “involved” at that time carries its own kind of insight and testimonial. Second, an early case study of\\u000a Kensington,

Louis M. Smith

295

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Health and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

296

Realities and Challenges of Educational Reform in the Province of Quebec: Exploratory Research on Teaching Science and Technology/Realites Et Defis De La Reforme Scolaire Quebecoise: Une Etude Exploratoire De L'Enseignement De La Science...  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploratory and descriptive research was conducted in a secondary school to reveal the realities and difficulties of the implementation process that awaits teachers under Quebec's Educational Reform. A team of teachers agreed to be observed while simulating implementation one year ahead of other schools. Results underscore the importance of…

Potvin, Patrice; Dionne, Eric

2007-01-01

297

USGS Educational Resources For Secondary Grades  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides links to selected United States Geological Survey (USGS) educational resources that may be useful to educators in secondary school grades. Many of these resources can be used directly in the classroom, as preparation for lessons or demonstrations, or as resources for teacher education and curriculum development. Major topic areas include biology, geography, geology, and water resources. Resources (indicated by symbols) include complete teaching modules, classroom activities, and web-based resources. Items that have costs beyond basic printing or on-line viewing costs are also indicated by a symbol.

298

Students' Approaches to Learning when Entering Higher Education: Differences between Students with Senior General Secondary and Senior Secondary Educational Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, more students have entered Dutch higher education. This is a consequence of the possibility to offer students to enter higher education, with a certificate from senior secondary education (SSVE). In earlier days most students in higher education had passed senior general secondary education (SGSE), or even pre-university education. It is…

Van Bragt, Cyrille A. C.; Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Croon, Marcel A.

2007-01-01

299

Voices on Choice: The Education Reform Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection presents a sampling of opinions of both proponents and opponents in the school choice debate from a variety of professional perspectives, including academics, bureaucrats, politicians, union leaders, economists, lawyers, parents, and activists. The following essays are included: (1) "School Choice Promotes Educational Excellence in…

Billingsley, K. L., Ed.

300

Should Parents Get Involved in Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…

Blodget, Alden S.

2012-01-01

301

Education and Training under Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some welfare experts and policymakers advocate providing education and training to prepare welfare recipients for jobs that will eventually help them leave poverty (the "work first" approach), whereas others advocate placing welfare recipients in jobs immediately whenever possible. Although the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity…

Cohen, Marie

1998-01-01

302

An Educators' Guide to Schoolwide Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide examines claims for 24 schoolwide programs-- programs that promise to improve student learning by changing the entire school. Focusing on quantitative achievement measures such as test scores, grades, and graduation rates, the report was prepared for educators and others to assist them in their investigation of different approaches to…

American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.

303

Ernst Mach and contemporary science education reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ernst Mach is a largely neglected pioneer of science education. His stress on experience, on the historical or genetic method of presentation, on the cultivation of understanding by limiting the content of curricula, on thought experimentation, on the presentation of the philosophical issues of science?all make his arguments strikingly contemporary. The inclusion of HPS in both the British National Curriculum,

Michael R. Matthews

1990-01-01

304

An Overview of China's Ongoing Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the period from 1949 to 1984, industry's share in the national economy of the Peoples' Republic of China rose from 30 percent to 60 percent. Despite raising literacy over the same period from 20 percent to over 75 percent, the Chinese educational system has failed to keep pace with the economy's rapidly expanding need for trained…

Junhua, Wang

305

School Choice in Chile: Two Decades of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the decentralization and privatization of schools in Chile. It analyzes whether the introduction of market mechanisms in the supply of, and demand for, schools enhances educational performance. The text discusses the microeconomic assumptions underlying the proposition that elementary and secondary education could function as a…

Gauri, Varun

306

Education Source Book: The State Legislators' Guide for Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A compendium of proposals for model state laws intended to restore parental and local control and to improve teaching and discipline in elementary and secondary education is presented in this report. The proposals, together with explanatory passages, are presented in three categories: (1) parents' role in education, (2) teachers' role in…

Barrett, Nanette

307

A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

308

Ability grouping and science education reform: Policy and research base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reviews current policy trends concerning the practice of ability grouping in K-12 science education. Relevant statements of key policy-making, policy-influencing organizations such as the NSTA, AAAS, NSF, the National Research Council, the U.S. Office of Education Department of Civil Rights, NAACP, the National Governors' Association, programs related to the Jacob Javits Grants for the Gifted and Talented, and others are summarized. The author's interpretation of the various positions are presented herein. The article also explores the research base supporting the various policies on grouping by examining selected general research literature on grouping, followed by research that is science education specific. Methodological issues color the research findings. The ethical and pragmatic implications of developing research and policy are discussed. The conclusions are that there is a dearth of recent empirical research specifically related to ability grouping in science, and that the time is ripe for the concerted development of a research agenda by key players in science education reform. Moreover, as controversial and value-laden as the topic is, it should be noted that grouping practices alone are unlikely to influence science education reform unless considered in the context of comprehensive restructuring efforts at the local school level.Received: 10 April 1993; Revised: 26 August 1993;

Lynch, Sharon

309

Literature Review on Improving Secondary Vocational Education Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current demand for educational excellence is an outgrowth of recent national reports criticizing secondary education. This push for academic excellence also affects vocational education outcomes. A growing consensus seems to be emerging that at the secondary level (1) vocational education should be integrated with academic education, (2)…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Education and Work Program.

310

Implementation of the K-12 Education Reform in Qatar's Schools. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership of Qatar is greatly invested in its K-12 education reform, "Education for a New Era," because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the K-12…

Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan Gery W.; Karam, Rita; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Orr, Nate; Goldman, Charles A.; Al-Thani, Hessa; Al-Obaidli, Kholode

2009-01-01

311

Reform in the General Education Movement: The Case of Michigan State College, 1938-1952  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the case of Michigan State College (MSC) to reconsider understanding of reform in the general education movement. Using the lens of MSC, the author argues that reform in the general education movement operated in a matrix of influence that involved educational research, philanthropy, and (both inter- and intra-) institutional…

Zayed, Kevin S.

2012-01-01

312

Assessment and Educational Reform: Doing More than Polishing Brass on the Titanic, a Call for Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration of evaluation strategies for systemic educational reform considers whether there is a way to design an assessment and delivery system that can accomplish the goals of the total educational process. A basic question that must be addressed in systemic reform is the role of education in the socialization processes of society. Beyond…

Jackman, Andrew

313

Right from the Start: An Institutional Perspective on Developmental Education Reform. Practitioner Briefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview introduces "Right from the Start: An Institutional Perspective on Developmental Education Reform," a series of three practitioner briefs on developmental education. Created by Achieving the Dream and MDC, the briefs spotlight successful reform efforts in developmental education at seven Achieving the Dream colleges. [The…

Lass, Leslie

2014-01-01

314

Cost-Sharing Reform of Tertiary Education in China and Its Equity Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China has made huge strides in expanding access to higher education since the 1980s. The main approach to achieve mass higher education was cost-sharing reforms of tertiary education. This article examines the policy reforms that affected tuition, fees and subsidies for tertiary students since the end of the 1980s and looks at the effects in terms…

Wang, Catherine Yan

2013-01-01

315

NATIONAL POLICIES THAT CONNECT ICT-BASED EDUCATION REFORM TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a principal driver of economic development and social change, worldwide. In many countries, the need for economic and social development is used to justify investments in educational reform and in educational ICT. Yet the connections between national development goals and ICT-based education reform are often more rhetorical than programmatic. This paper identifies the factors

Robert B. Kozma

316

Applying Systems Theory to Systemic Change: A Generic Model for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educational reformers frequently use the words "system,""systemic change," and "systemic approach," many lack a fundamental understanding of the systems concept. This paper describes the application of systems theory to the problems of educational reform and educational assessment. It introduces basic concepts and principles and describes…

Hansen, Joe B.

317

The Impact of the Present Educational Reform upon Student Learning in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Japan's current educational reform and discusses its impact on student learning. Section 1 describes the main features of the reform efforts, which focus on choice, diversity, flexibility, competition, and excellence in education. Section 2 looks at Japan's changing system of teacher education, noting the dropping rates of…

Hayakawa, Misao

318

Efficiency in Public Higher Education: Administrative Reform and Redundancy. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the state of Oregon's efforts at administrative reform in public higher education. The early stages of implementation of the Higher Education Administrative Efficiency Act initiated by Oregon during the 1995 session were analyzed. Four factors were found to be primarily responsible for the need to reform public higher education

Arnold, James C.; And Others

319

Urban Public School Libraries and Educational Reform: The Case of the Detroit Public Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the implications of school reform on school libraries using the Detroit Public Schools (DPS) as a case study in urban librarianship. A literature review on the role and impact of school librarians in K-12 education is included to help illustrate the role of school libraries in public school reform. Two DPS reforms are selected for closer evaluation:

Kafi D Kumasi

2010-01-01

320

A Decade of Change: Public Education Reform in Texas 1981-1992. Special Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1981, Texas embarked on a 10-year period of educational reform. This report presents findings of a policy research project that documented and analyzed these reforms to serve as a guide for future policy developments. Following the introduction, chapter 2, entitled "Student Reforms," addresses issues of curriculum, assessment and dropout…

Clark, Catherine; And Others

321

A Nation Reformed? American Education Twenty Years after "A Nation at Risk."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers takes stock of 20 years of school reform in the United States, examining whether the nation was ever "at risk," and if so, whether it still is and which reforms have made a difference. Papers include "Introduction" (David T. Gordon); (1) "Riding Waves, Trading Horses: The Twenty-Year Effort to Reform Education" (Susan H.…

Gordon, David T., Ed.

322

Fairness in Education: The Italian University before and after the Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001 the Italian tertiary education system embarked in a broad process of reform. The main novelty brought by the reform was a reduction of the length of study to get a first level degree together with the introduction of a two-years, second level, master degree. This paper aims at studying the effects of the reform in terms of fairness. To…

Brunori, Paolo; Peragine, Vito; Serlenga, Laura

2012-01-01

323

Roots of Reform: Challenging the Assumptions That Control Change in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education reform movement that began in the 1980s has produced disappointing and unsatisfactory results. This book asserts that the reform movement must be reformulated, and that this information is possible and even likely for a new and vigorous effort to save the children and the schools. It argues that the reform movement is rooted in a…

Astuto, Terry A.; And Others

324

Alternative Technologies for Large Scale Science Assessment: Instrument of Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational reform in the United States has been stymied, in part, by the mismatch between curricular reform (with its emphasis on problem solving and process) and traditional accountability systems (with multiple?choice tests, largely of factual recall). If teachers teach to the test, and they do, curricular reform is blunted. The purpose of this study was to create and evaluate alternative

Richard J. Shavelson; Gail P. Baxter; Jerome Pine; Jennifer Yuré; Susan R. Goldman; Bill Smith

1991-01-01

325

Life Cycle and Legacy of the Educational Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines implementation of educational reforms in the Latin American-Caribbean region during the 1990s, based on national case studies (Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Jamaica, and Paraguay), descriptions of nationally supported projects, and discussions with reformers and researchers. Despite similarities in reforms' origins and components, each…

Alvarez, Benjamin

1998-01-01

326

Pedagogical reforms of digital signal processing education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the engineering discipline is arguably predicated heavily upon appealing to the future generation, in all its sensibilities. The greatest burden in doing so, one might rightly believe, lies on the shoulders of the educators. In examining the causal means by which the profession arrived at such a state, one finds that the technical revolution, precipitated by global war, had, as its catalyst, institutions as expansive as the government itself to satisfy the demand for engineers, who, as a result of such an existential crisis, were taught predominantly theoretical underpinnings to address a finite purpose. By contrast, the modern engineer, having expanded upon this vision and adapted to an evolving society, is increasingly placed in the proverbial role of the worker who must don many hats: not solely a scientist, yet often an artist; not a businessperson alone, but neither financially naive; not always a representative, though frequently a collaborator. Inasmuch as change then serves as the only constancy in a global climate, therefore, the educational system - if it is to mimic the demands of the industry - is left with an inherent need for perpetual revitalization to remain relevant. This work aims to serve that end. Motivated by existing research in engineering education, an epistemological challenge is molded into the framework of the electrical engineer with emphasis on digital signal processing. In particular, it is investigated whether students are better served by a learning paradigm that tolerates and, when feasible, encourages error via a medium free of traditional adjudication. Through the creation of learning modules using the Adobe Captivate environment, a wide range of fundamental knowledge in signal processing is challenged within the confines of existing undergraduate courses. It is found that such an approach not only conforms to the research agenda outlined for the engineering educator, but also reflects an often neglected reality: that the student who is free to be creative, free to err, and free to self-correct is emblematic of the profession -- past, present, and future -- to which he or she unwittingly aspires.

Christensen, Michael

327

A Framework for the Redesign of K-12 Education in the Context of Current Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the historical context for development of the Learner-Centered Psychological Principles (LCPs), discussing why LCPs and their practices are particularly important in the current educational reform era; offering implications for practice; noting how LCPs can contribute to a national framework for the systemic redesign of K-20 education;…

McCombs, Barbara L.

2003-01-01

328

Education under the Heel of Caesar: Reading UK Higher Education Reform through Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

UK higher education reform (BIS, ) has been presented as a common-sense movement towards efficiency. This article will argue that, in reality, the marketisation of higher education is a movement towards negative freedom, defined after Berlin (2007) as unrestricted choice. Using Shakespeare's "Antony and Cleopatra" as a means to explore the…

Ward, Sophie

2012-01-01

329

Laying Bare Educational Crosstalk: A Study of Discursive Repertoires in the Wake of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the wake of the Bologna process, many European universities are undergoing comprehensive educational reform. Our attention in this paper is focused on how a medical university came to terms with the challenges presented therein. We wished to explore how educators identify, understand and deal with opportunities for change at a medical…

McGrath, Cormac; Laksov, Klara Bolander

2014-01-01

330

Civic Learning for Teachers: Capstone for Educational Reform. Proceedings of the Seminar on Civic Learning in the Education of the Teaching Profession (Stanford, California, November 11-13, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seminar discussed the civic preparation that educators themselves need to enable them to better prepare elementary and secondary students to become more effective and responsible citizens. The proceedings began with a paper on "Civil Learning for Teachers: Capstone for Educational Reform," by R. Freeman Butts. Following this, the five general…

Jones, Alan H., Ed.

331

The Importance of Partnerships in Science Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this chapter, the authors make the case for the importance of partnerships for science education reform. Building and nurturing appropriate partners for tasks large and small helps to overcome formidable barriers. Good partnerships can shorten the time from planning to implementation and help ensure that reforms are sustained long enough to have the anticipated impact. But partnerships are complex and fragile. To create and sustain them requires expending valuable resources--time, energy, and money--careful planning, and continuous evaluation, feedback, and nurturing (Kingsley and O'Neil 2004). To illustrate their main points, the authors will use the National Science Foundation- (NSF) funded Mathematics and Science Partnership (MSP) program that they direct as a source of examples.

Carolyn C. Landel

2006-01-01

332

Reforming Upper Secondary Education in Europe. The Leonardo da Vinci Project Post-16 Strategies. Surveys of Strategies for Post-16 Education To Improve the Parity of Esteem for Initial Vocational Education in Eight European Educational Systems. Theory into Practice 92. Institute for Educational Research Publication Series B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following papers on the Leonardo da Vinci project: "Looking for Post-16 Education Strategies for Parity of Esteem in Europe" (Lasonen); "Improving Parity of Esteem as a Policy Goal" (Makinen, Volanen); "Alternative Strategies for Parity of Esteem between General/Academic and Vocational Education in Europe" (Kamarainen);…

Lasonen, Johanna, Ed.

333

Secondary Education in Albania. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes general conditions and problems affecting secondary education in Albania. Section 1 highlights the political, socioeconomic, and educational context of the country. Since World War II, Albania has experienced an increase in the number of students that was not matched by qualitative improvement necessary in a democractic…

Pango, Ylli

334

Scientists researching teaching: Reforming science education and transforming practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reforming science education is a multidimensional and complex undertaking. Of extreme importance is transforming how teachers teach. Answering the equity call of reform initiatives requires focusing on the underlying values and beliefs guiding teacher action and the promotion of inclusive practices (Brickhouse, 2001; Harding, 1994; Eisenhart, Finkel, & Marion, 1995; Mayberry & Rees, 1999; Rodriguez, 1997). Reform efforts within the last decade are being directed at college level science courses. Course and pedagogical transformations are particularly aimed at increasing the numbers of females and persons of color in science and improving the education of preservice teachers. Facilitating transformations toward these goals at the individual and program level is challenging work. This study explores and describes the conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy. Two science professors affiliated with a reform collaborative were the main participants of the research. The professors, in collaboration with the primary researcher, engaged in assisted action research that lead to the identification and descriptions of their context and practical teaching theories. Among the questions explored were: "How does placing the professor in a position to conduct an assisted action research project help to foster teacher change conditions?" "How do the practical theories guiding the professors' teaching foster or impede inclusionary practice?" "What necessary conditions of the teacher change process toward an inclusive pedagogy emerged from the study?". Using case study and ethnographic qualitative research strategies for data collection and analysis, this study affords a unique perspective through which to consider why and how science professors change their practice. Data indicated that the assisted action research strategy fostered the conditions of teacher change. In addition, findings revealed that the professors shared a teacher and curriculum centered teaching philosophy and an ethic of care and respect for their students that, in varying ways, both supported and impeded inclusive practice. Teacher change was heavily mediated by departmental contexts. Assertions are made about the necessary conditions of teacher change toward an inclusive pedagogy and implications for further research are explored.

Weiss, Tarin Harrar

335

Particle Physics Outreach to Secondary Education  

SciTech Connect

This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.

Bardeen, Marjorie G.; /Fermilab; Johansson, K.Erik; /Stockholm U.; Young, M.Jean

2011-11-21

336

Educating physicians for the future: Carnegie's calls for reform.  

PubMed

In both 1910 and 2010, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching used existing educational innovations and learning theory to point the way to the future of medical education. Flexner's transformative report of 1910 was strongly influenced by the innovative curriculum at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and by educational principles of the Progressive Era. In 1912, Flexner wrote a similar critique of medical education in Europe. These two reports have powerfully shaped medical education for the past century. Yet much has changed since then, which prompted The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching to commission another report that was published in 2010. Drawing on contemporary educational innovations and research from the learning sciences, the authors make four recommendations for reform: (1) standardize on learning outcomes while individualizing the learning process, (2) integrate formal knowledge with clinical experience, (3) imbue habits of inquiry and improvement to achieve lifelong learning and excellence, and (4) explicitly cultivate the formation of professional identity. In this article, the author describes educational innovations and educational principles relevant to each of these four recommendations. PMID:21696280

Irby, David

2011-01-01

337

An informal elementary science education program’s response to the National Science Education Reform Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the experience of an informal elementary science education program, Hands on Science Outreach (HOSO),\\u000a that is striving to maintain its identity as an informal program within the context of the National Science Education Reform\\u000a Movement. We provide an overview of informal elementary science education programs in the United States including a definition\\u000a and a historical summary. We

Phyllis Katz; J. Randy McGinnis

1999-01-01

338

Secondary Education in the People's Republic of China: Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on secondary education in China, primarily since the Communist victory in 1949, this annotated bibliography contains 24 items. The listed items include books, journal articles, newspaper stories, examples of secondary Chinese educational materials, and reports from western educators traveling in China. Emphasis is placed on educational

Parker, Franklin

339

Policy Review of the Primary and Junior Secondary Education Sub-Sectors in East Java. Educational Policy and Planning Project. A Government of Indonesia-USAID Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesian representatives and the Educational Research and Development Center studied East Javanese primary and junior secondary schools to develop a database for future planning and to identify deficiencies, constraints, and areas for fruitful reform. Issues of enrollment, personnel, curriculum, facilities and equipment, cost, and financing were…

Soebagio, Retno L.; And Others

340

Outcomes-Based Education and Educational Reform in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses outcomes-based education in South Africa, which has been only recently implemented to improve the quality of education and to address the demands for a skilled work force. Addresses the fundamental question: Will OBE improve the quality of education and transform schools in South Africa? (Contains 24 references.) (WFA)

Botha, R. J.

2002-01-01

341

Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific "philosophy" of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with…

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-01-01

342

Rethinking Special Education: How To Reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning reforming the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Highlights of the testimony include: (1) adding accountability measures to IDEA; (2) providing procedural relief without reducing protections for students with…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

343

(En)Gendering Responsibility: A Critical News Analysis of Argentina's Education Reform, 2001-2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform continues around the globe, though questioned and critiqued in relation to goals of democratizing educational decision-making. Newspapers are one site of contestation and negotiation where struggles over global reform discourses are contextualized in "obvious" and "natural" local language. In this article, I argue that gender…

Robert, Sarah A.

2012-01-01

344

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

345

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform features the most current empirical research about the successes and challenges of the small schools movement and the implications of such for urban public educational policy. Situated in a climate of hierarchical reform, many of the principles of the original…

Hantzopoulos, Maria, Ed.; Tyner-Mullings, Alia R., Ed.

2012-01-01

346

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

347

Education of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students and Accountability Reform: Issues for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has had a monumental impact over the past decade on how educational reform is viewed in the United States. As a result of how the law is structured, schools for students who are deaf or hard of hearing have been the focus of attention for educational reform under NCLB. While there have been some shifts…

Cawthon, Stephanie W.

2011-01-01

348

Engaging the Community, Targeted Interventions: Achieving Scale in Basic Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1983, after over 10 years of working on mathematics education reform in the Philippines, I wrote a paper for a Tokyo conference arguing that education reform in developing countries such as the Philippines should begin by working on macro-problems, namely the social, political, and economic environment of the schools, as a context for the…

Nebres, Bienvenido Florendo

2009-01-01

349

Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) Education Reform Strategy: Report on Country Consultations and Work Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991 a working group from the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) released a report, the OECS Education Reform Strategy (OERS), which detailed proposed reform strategies for the region. This document summarizes the report's nine recommendations and responses to the report. The report was distributed to Ministries of Education and…

Charles, Hubert J.

350

The Class and Culture-Based Exclusion of the Chilean Neoliberal Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I analyze the class- and cultural-based exclusion produced by the Chilean neoliberal educational reform, carried out during the period from 1990 to 2010. This educational reform follows the same neoliberal model applied to the economy of the country. Although some indicators improved in relation to coverage and public spending in…

Cavieres, Eduardo A.

2011-01-01

351

Current Trends in Reform Efforts, Educational Practices, and Program Evaluation Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the changes in educational reform that have adversely affected teachers and their principals. With the new evaluation system, teachers and school leaders will be evaluated partially on student success. Other educational reforms include the discontinuing of New York State Regents Exams in January and in August. A…

Tagliaferri, Jamie; Townsend, Erica

2011-01-01

352

Restructuring China's Adult Higher Education: An Examination of the Driving Forces behind the Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China's adult institutions of higher education have launched comprehensive reforms in order to meet the increasing demands for professional training. As in many other countries, reforms in the educational system in China have been driven by economic and political changes, and these changes have been determined largely by the needs of the market.…

Liu, Ning Rong

2008-01-01

353

Can the Impact of Adequacy-Based Education Reform Be Measured?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines adequacy-based education reform, beginning with the reforms undertaken in Kentucky, but then expanding out to the rest of the states to obtain a fuller picture and to conduct a study more amenable to statistical analysis. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data were used as part of the analysis, with a focus…

Burbridge, Lynn C.

2008-01-01

354

Educational Reforms in Post-Revolutionary China and Taiwan: A Comparative Study of Contrasting Paradigms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite many differences, both China and Taiwan have given priority to a variety of education reforms since 1949. With a U.S. model and aid, the Taiwanese educational system has largely achieved the 15 percent enrollment threshold identified by Hayhoe as required to support economic expansion. In China, major reforms of the 1970s and 1980s leave…

Vogt, Christina

355

Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much vaunted…

Little, Angela W.

2011-01-01

356

Ideology and Reform in Teacher Education in England: Some Reflections on Cochran-Smith and Fries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an international perspective on Cochran-Smith and Fries’ (2001) recent analysis of the ways in which two competing ideologies are currently being employed in the United States in support of teacher education reform. In England over the last 15 years, teacher education has been fundamentally reformed and the arguments of both the “deregulators” and the “professionalizers” have been

John Furlong

2002-01-01

357

Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 2: A Guide to Leadership, Teacher Education, and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second volume, the follow-on to "Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 1: A Guide to Survival, Success, and Reform," extends the conversation to include educational leadership, teacher education, partnerships, and school reform. As with Volume 1, classroom music teachers, inner city arts administrators, well-known academics, and…

Frierson-Campbell, Carol, Ed.

2006-01-01

358

Education as Recovery: Neoliberalism, School Reform, and the Politics of Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building upon critical education policy studies of crisis, disaster, and reform, this essay develops a theory of "recovery" that further elaborates the nature and operation of "crisis politics" in neoliberal education reform. Recovery is an integral process in capital accumulation, exploiting material, and subjective…

Slater, Graham B.

2015-01-01

359

Accountability, Access, and Affordability as Key Challenges in the Reform of Croatian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of this paper addresses two broad aspects of the current reforms in Croatian higher education. The reforms are largely driven by the desire to achieve harmony with the European Area of Higher Education. Special attention is paid to presentation of the first experiences with implementation of the Bologna process in Croatia, which…

Vidovic, Vlasta Vizek

2008-01-01

360

Environmental Education and Related Fields in Idaho Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fields of environmental education, outdoor education, adventure education, and experiential education are linked by shared goals, objectives, and characteristics. National standards connect these fields to secondary education. In this preliminary study, the authors describe how aspects of the 4 fields are used by environmental educators in…

Bierle, Sean; Singletary, Ted J.

2008-01-01

361

Education in a Fix. Reformers Offer Many Cures for the Ills of Public Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Movements to restructure public education focus on the following perceived inadequacies: unequal funding, bureaucracy and control, failure to meet standards, and obsolete curriculum. Approaches to restructuring differ according to the values and educational preferences of the reformers. (SK)

Kohl, Herbert

1992-01-01

362

Assessing the Rationales for Educational Reforms: A Test of the Professional Development, Comprehensive Reform, and Direct Instruction Hypotheses. Policy Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms are advocated based on rationales that emerge from the research literature. However, evaluation studies seldom examine whether the rationales used to argue for a reform actually hold up when empirical evidence is examined after the reform has been implemented. This paper examines survey data from 3 years of analyses of early…

St. John, Edward P.; Manset, Genevieve; Chung, Choong-Geun; Worthington, Kimberly

363

SECONDARY LICENSURE PROGRAM with MASTER'S OF EDUCATION Urban Institute for Teacher Education  

E-print Network

SECONDARY LICENSURE PROGRAM with MASTER'S OF EDUCATION Urban Institute for Teacher Education in partnership with the Departments of Education, Culture, & Society and Educational Leadership & Policy complete licensure requirements through the UITE and Master's of Education requirements through either

Simons, Jack

364

Future Directions for Public Health Education Reforms in India  

PubMed Central

Health systems globally are experiencing a shortage of competent public health professionals. Public health education across developing countries is stretched by capacity generation and maintaining an adequate ‘standard’ and ‘quality’ of their graduate product. We analyzed the Indian public health education scenario using the institutional and instructional reforms framework advanced by the Lancet Commission report on Education of Health Professionals. The emergence of a new century necessitates a re-visit on the institutional and instructional challenges surrounding public health education. Currently, there is neither an accreditation council nor a formal structure or system of collaboration between academic stakeholders. Health systems have little say in health professional training with limited dialogue between health systems and public health education institutions. Despite a recognized shortfall of public health professionals, there are limited job opportunities for public health graduates within the health system and absence of a structured career pathway for them. Public health institutions need to evolve strategies to prevent faculty attrition. A structured development program in teaching–learning methods and pedagogy is the need of the hour. PMID:25295242

Zodpey, Sanjay P.; Negandhi, Himanshu; Yeravdekar, Rajiv

2014-01-01

365

Reforming STEM Undergraduate Education: What's a Faculty Member to Do?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Fairweather, J.

2011-12-01

366

Reforming Science Education: Part I. The Search for a "Philosophy" of Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to…

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-01-01

367

Comparative Education, the "New Paradigm" and Policy Borrowing: Constructing Knowledge for Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform in England is increasingly portrayed as a quest to create "world class" schools through the transfer of features of "high performing" school systems. The demand for evidence to support policy borrowing has been serviced by an influential intermediary network, which uses international data banks to compare…

Auld, Euan; Morris, Paul

2014-01-01

368

Five Things Education Supporters Should Know about Pension Reform. A Special Education Sector Guide for Legislators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a state legislator, you're well aware of the fiscal pressures that have caused many states to change their pension systems. But you should also be aware of the impact that pension reform has on public education. This brief guide shows you how and why pension programs affect your state's efforts to attract and retain the best teachers. It…

Tucker, Bill

2012-01-01

369

The Use and Misuse of Metaphor in Education and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that the use of metaphors to organize and frame questions concerning the teaching/learning process can be an effective tool. More problematic, however, has been the use of metaphor in framing policy questions, especially those metaphors employed to frame national education reform ideas. This article explores several research…

McCandless, Bart

2012-01-01

370

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

371

A proposed model for measuring service quality in secondary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to examine educators' perceptions of service quality in secondary schools. Research into service quality in a secondary educational context is somewhat scant, and where investigations have been undertaken, very little has been conducted from the educators' perspectives. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A focus group was conducted to elicit attributes of service quality that were

Prabha Ramseook-Munhurrun; Perunjodi Naidoo; Pushpa Nundlall

2010-01-01

372

Career and Technical Education. Secondary Programs, 2004-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information relating to secondary occupational career and technical education program enrollments within Pennsylvania's public secondary schools. For school year 2004-05, Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) used the Career and Technical Education Information System (CATS) to collect individual student enrollment…

Simchock, Stephen, Comp.

2006-01-01

373

Career and Technical Education Secondary Programs 2003-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information relating to secondary occupational career and technical education program enrollments within Pennsylvania's public secondary schools collected by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE). For school year 2003-04, PDE used the Career and Technical Education Information System (CATS) to collect individual…

Simchock, Stephen, Comp.

2005-01-01

374

Engaging County Educators in Science Education Reform: The New York 4-H Environmental Inquiry Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000, the Cornell University Department of Natural Resources embarked on a new program, 4-H Environmental Inquiry (4-H EI). The goal of the program was to build the capacity of Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) educators to play a key role in science education reform in their communities, through providing opportunities for youth to engage in authentic, open-ended research. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe youth research programs implemented by the county educators, and document some of the issues that arise when county Extension educators engage youth in research, using the Cornell program as a model.

375

Working towards Reform in Mathematics Education: Parents', Teachers', and Students' Views of "Different." Working Paper No. 31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is a reflection on several aspects related to my encounters with the concept of reform in mathematics education. I start with an exploration of the question of what is reform, grounded on my work with teachers in a project aimed at promoting reform. I focus on two aspects that seem to be present in most approaches to reform--group…

Civil, Marta

2006-01-01

376

The Secondary School Pipeline: Longitudinal Indicators of Resilience and Resistance in Urban Schools Under Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in the secondary education pipeline, the 6-year period between 7th and 12th grades, deal with external and internal conditions that facilitate or hinder progress to graduation and beyond--these conditions offer resilience or resistance and influence student movement through public schools. This study follows an urban middle school cohort…

Samel, Arthur N.; Sondergeld, Toni A.; Fischer, John M.; Patterson, Nancy C.

2011-01-01

377

Curriculum Reform in Post-Soviet Armenia: Balancing Local and Global Contexts in Armenian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structured according to the conceptual frameworks of nationalism and globalization, this study examined relationships between and among the Armenian Ministry of Education, the World Bank, the Open Society Institute Assistance Foundation-Armenia, and Armenian secondary school teachers and principals from 1991 to the present. Each group played a…

Terzian, Shelley

2010-01-01

378

Educational Change in Chile: Reform or Improvements? (1990–2007)  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Very soon after Michelle Bachelet, the new president of Chile, took office in 2006, secondary public school students went\\u000a out onto the streets to protest. Initially, their complaints had to do with specific issues such as free bus tickets on weekends,\\u000a but gradually the movement became a more serious call to improve education in the public school system including private

Beatrice Avalos

379

Dreadnought: Educational Reform. Powerful Education for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper first outlines the need for an application of Total Quality Management (TQM) principles to create a Total Quality Education (TQE) System. The paper then suggests that a combination of Competency Based Grading (CBG), Computer Aided Instruction (CAI), Business Internships (Externships) and their Merit/Demerit System for behavioral…

Strowder, William M.; Strowder, Howard A.

380

Radical Education Reforms. The Series on Contemporary Educational Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a diverse set of unusual and significant departures from customary educational policies and practices. These "radical" ideas range from calling for national standards, to enacting statewide legislative initiatives, to implementing decentralized local initiatives such as charter schools, local school councils, and privatization.…

Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.; Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

381

Struggling for Educational Equity in Diverse Communities: School Reform as Social Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that those seekingequity-focused educational reform have much tolearn from social movements and grassrootspolitical organizing. We explore how theknowledge, skills, strategies, and passionatenarratives emanating from suchnon-institutional change efforts can shed light onthe difficulty of equity-focused educationreform and provide equity reformers with anexpanded repertoire of change strategies. Wepursue our analysis using an ``exemplary'' caseof reform at Wilson High School.

Jeannie Oakes; Martin Lipton

2002-01-01

382

A Conceptual Approach to Learning Chemistry in Professional Secondary School in Latvia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the year 1991, great structural reforms were launched in Latvia at all levels of education, including secondary education. Still, there are many reforms that must be implemented in secondary professional education. The objective of our research was to develop a contemporary didactic coverage for teaching chemistry in professional secondary

Priede, Daina; Krumina, Aira

2012-01-01

383

Successful Community Organizing for School Reform. Strong Neighborhoods, Strong Schools. The Indicators Project on Education Organizing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indicators Project on Education Organizing was designed to examine the role of community organizing in school reform. For over 2 years, researchers documented the education organizing of five urban groups. This report presents an education organizing indicators framework that highlights strategies and accomplishments of education organizing.…

Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Brown, Chris

384

Qualitative Advances of China's Basic Education since Reform and Opening up: A Brief Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic education is universal education, which aims to improve the basic quality of a nation's people. In the three decades since reform and opening up, earth-shaking changes have taken place in the quality of China's basic education. This article describes the path of development and changes in China's basic education over the past thirty years…

Tao, Xin; Chunhua, Kang

2012-01-01

385

Raising Quality, Fostering "Creativity": Ideologies and Practices of Education Reform in Beijing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critics of education in China call for increasing students' "creativity" as key to improving the nation's education. This article examines the idea of children's "creativity" in Beijing, associated with an education reform movement called "Education for Quality." On the basis of ethnographic research in three elementary schools in Beijing, I argue…

Woronov, T. E.

2008-01-01

386

The single most important education reform in developing country  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I deciding teaching as peer educator and working with NGOs in my country, as method to need to consider students' background knowledge, environment, and their learning goals as well as standardized curriculum as determined by their school district. Strengthening relationships among students and adults, Improving engagement, alignment and rigor of teaching and learning in every classroom, every day. My single most reform achieves is the rural school and community trust is a national non-profit organization addressing the crucial relationship between good schools and thriving communities. Our mission is to help rural schools and communities get better together. Working in some of the poorest, most challenging places, the rural trust involves young people in learning linked to their communities, improves the quality of teaching and school leadership, and advocates in a variety of ways for appropriate state educational policies, including the key issue of equitable and national agenda (serve Peer Educator) where rural people and their issues are visible and credible for rural schools.

Orija, O.

2007-05-01

387

Expanding Our Mission: Pre-Secondary Agricultural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas the goal of secondary agricultural education is career preparation, presecondary agricultural education should be designed to enhance student understanding of the role of agriculture and to prepare them to make intelligent decisions about agriculture, food, and food production. (JOW)

Birkenholz, Bob

1990-01-01

388

Technology Knowledge, Skills, and Activities in MSE Secondary Education  

E-print Network

Technology Knowledge, Skills, and Activities in MSE Secondary Education All classes make use. EDSC 504 Advanced Instructional Proficiency in Educational Technology Explorations of assistive in specialized software, content-specific technologies, assistive technologies, and specialized Web

de Lijser, Peter

389

Technology and Education Reform. Volume III: Technical Appendix. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research has shown that technology can enhance student acquisition of discrete skills through drill and practice. This document describes the research design of a study that examined whether technology could provide significant support for constructivist, project-based teaching and learning approaches. The study also identified the…

Means, Barbara; And Others

390

Master Teachers in Residence: Bringing a Classroom Perspective to Course Reform for NSF's Oklahoma Teacher Education Collaborative (O-TEC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Master teachers can be influential in course revision. The Oklahoma Teacher Education Collaborative (O-TEC) teacher reform effort is a consortium of nine higher education institutions working with the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) reform effort to produce teachers better equipped for teaching science and mathematics. The reform emphasizes…

Ramsey, Sarah; Neathery, Faye; Fholer, Gwen; Weger, Elayne; Voth, Bonnie; Townsend, Joyce; Campbell, DeAnn; Boedecker, Martha

391

A Review of Research on the Kentucky Education Reform Act 1995 (KERA).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of research identifies, reviews, and summarizes studies that address the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA) and that focus on the effects of the reforms on students, teachers, and other stakeholders. Introductory summary overviews are included in the areas of finance, governance, and curriculum, and on…

Kentucky Univ.-Louisville Univ., KY. Joint Center for the Study of Educational Policy.

392

In Italy, Have Higher-Education Reforms Created a "Big Bordello"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on Italy's Higher Education reforms and hotly debated developments. These developments are experience credits and online universities. The reform replaced the existing degree system, in which most undergraduate programs lasted four years--although the average graduate actually took more than seven years to earn a degree--with…

Rocca, Francis X.

2006-01-01

393

The Education Reform Movement: Impact on Hispanic Youth in the Mid-Atlantic Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand why the general situation of young Hispanic Americans is critical it is necessary to consider some demographic characteristics of the Hispanic population and examine the need for reform in their educational experiences. The impact of some current initiatives in the Mid-Atlantic region are discussed, and some alternative reforms are…

Valdivieso, Rafael

394

What Works in Education Reform: Putting Young People at the Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the difficulties and uncertainties of education reform, asking "what works" may be making simple and commonplace what is nearly always a messy and unfinished business. But the work of the International Youth Foundation's partners in 49 countries does reveal a common message of successful reform efforts: put young people at the center.…

Tolman, Joel

2003-01-01

395

Understanding Standards-Based Reform in Early Childhood Education: An Exploratory Study of Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standards-based reform has traditionally focused on K-12 educational systems, but there is growing evidence that it is now affecting early childhood programs. While it is increasingly apparent that standards-based reform has arrived in early childhood, there is a significant gap in our understanding of how these policies are being implemented in…

Rader, Shannon Natasha

2013-01-01

396

Regulatory Autonomy and Performance: The Reform of Higher Education Re-Visited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this article is to contribute to the understanding of organizational autonomy and control in higher education reform and related expectations as regards the performance of universities. Our analyses draws on principal-agent models as a normative theory of policy reform, and institutionalist approaches in public policy and…

Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry; Weyer, Elke

2013-01-01

397

The Humanities and the Educational Reform Movement: What Can Be Done?  

E-print Network

and the Education Reform Movement What Can Be Done? am oftenthe course of the reform movement, to secure and in somereform in our schools and the opportunity to see that the humanities are a strong and persuasive voice in that movement.

Gardner, David P.

1986-01-01

398

Future Perfect? Conflict and Agency in Higher Education Reform in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is based on an analysis of interviews with individuals engaged in systemic reform of higher education (HE) in Poland. The reform is perceived as controversial: it is supported by the media and claimed to be in line with the expectations of external stakeholders of HE, as well as being congruent with Poland's international…

Szkudlarek, Tomasz; Stankiewicz, Lukasz

2014-01-01

399

Flawed Implementation or Inconsistent Logics? Lessons from Higher Education Reform in Ukraine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates two competing explanations of why reforms associated with the Bologna process brought disappointing results in Ukraine. The lack of anticipated benefits from the reforms may stem either from a flawed implementation of the Bologna process, or from more fundamental differences between the models of higher education

Shaw, Marta A.

2013-01-01

400

Online Simulation of Health Care Reform: Helping Health Educators Learn and Participate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young and healthy undergraduates in health education were not predisposed to learn the complex sprawl of topics in a required course on U.S. Health Care. An online simulation of health care reform was used to encourage student learning about health care and participating in health care reform. Students applied their understanding of high costs,…

Jecklin, Robert

2010-01-01

401

Tyranny of the Textbook: An Insider Exposes How Educational Materials Undermine Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms and standards have been a topic of public debate for decades, with the latest go-round being the State Common Core Curriculum Standards. But time and again those reforms have failed, and each set of standards, no matter how new and different, has had little impact on improving student achievement. Why? The textbooks. Textbooks…

Jobrack, Beverlee

2011-01-01

402

Higher Education Policy Reform in Ethiopia: The Representation of the Problem of Gender Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education (HE) subsystem in Ethiopia has passed through a series of policy reforms in the last 10 years. Key reform areas ranged from improving quality and relevance of programmes to promoting equality in access to and success in HE. Despite the effort underway, gender inequality has remained a critical challenge in the subsystem. This…

Molla, Tebeje

2013-01-01

403

The Effects of Higher Education Funding Reforms on the Lifetime Incomes of Graduates. CEE DP 78  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of substantial reforms to the system of higher education (HE) finance first announced in 2004 and then revised again in July 2007. The reforms introduced deferred fees for HE, payable by graduates through the tax system in the form of income-contingent repayments on loans subsidised by the government.…

Dearden, Lorraine; Fitzsimons, Emla; Goodman, Alissa; Kaplan, Greg

2008-01-01

404

It's Our School Too: Youth Activism as Educational Reform, 1951-1979  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activism has the potential for reform (Howard, 1976). Unlike previous studies on high school activism this study places a primary focus on underground newspapers and argues that underground newspapers allowed high school students to function as activists as well as educational reformers. In order to make this argument, this study examined over 150…

Ajunwa, Kelechi

2011-01-01

405

Debates on the Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Teachers' Challenges in China: The Case of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…

Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing

2012-01-01

406

Professional development and reform in science education: The role of teachers' practical knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, professional development in the context of the current reforms in science education is discussed from the perspective of developing teachers' practical knowledge. It is argued that reform efforts in the past have often been unsuccessful because they failed to take teachers' existing knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes into account. Teachers' practical knowledge is conceptualized as action-oriented and person-bound.

Jan H. van Driel; Douwe Beijaard; Nico Verloop

2001-01-01

407

An Investigation of Prospective Teachers' Attitudes toward Educational Reforms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the present study is twofold: (a) to investigate the awareness and attitudes of prospective teachers from different departments and class levels regarding current educational reforms in Turkey and the reasons why they do or do not adhere to these reform activities, and (b) to gain thorough knowledge about information resources…

Duman, Guler; Kural Baykan, Arin; Koroglu, Gamze Nevra; Yilmaz, Selda; Erdogan, Mehmet

2014-01-01

408

Teacher Education and Development in Newfoundland and Labrador in a Time of Restructuring and Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through reference to policy and research documents, this paper provides insight into how educational restructuring and reform are planned, presented, and implemented in Canada's Atlantic provinces, particularly Newfoundland and Labrador. It suggests that such reform and restructuring occur at the interface of a province's history, geography, and…

Samson, Florence

2001-01-01

409

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

410

Urban Educators' Perceptions of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and School Reform Mandates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we examine urban teachers' perceptions of school reform models (SRMs) and culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP). In particular, we examined how urban educators altered mandated reform models in the best interests of their culturally and linguistically diverse students. We discuss data from a phenomenological study, which included…

Esposito, Jennifer; Davis, Corrie L.; Swain, Ayanna N.

2012-01-01

411

STEM Education: An Incongruous Approach A Proposed Reform Model for a Large Suburban High School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is unknown how the school can best influence the variables that determine pursuance of science study and career choice to bring about greater opportunity to learn challenging science curriculum for all students and promote Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. Student decisions regarding the type of science class to elect in early secondary school years can impact their progression and academic success in subsequent rigorous and challenging offerings. Parents, counselors, peers, gender, socio-economic status and individual experience in previous coursework are variables of consideration. The purpose of this study is to examine these variables in a large suburban New Jersey School District aligned to STEM and Advanced Placement level course choice by students. Information regarding the influence of the variables can lead to a reform of the approach toward STEM education currently in place. The study will include a historical reflection of the approach to curriculum revision in the district. Increasing student enrollment in science courses beyond the required number stipulated for high school completion will open opportunities for entrance into STEM related careers or continued post secondary science study.

Hughes, Patricia A.

412

Reorienting Secondary Education in Asia and the Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Institute for Educational Research (NIER), Tokyo (Japan) and the Asia-Pacific Centre of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID) of the United Nations Scientific, Cultural, and Educational Organization (UNESCO) organized a regional seminar to explore issues related to secondary education in Asia and the Pacific and to formulate…

National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).

413

Sociopersonal Values and Coexistence Problems in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The importance of values education in current society continues to be one of the greatest challenges to our Educational System. Its pertinence becomes no less than inexcusable when we speak of education in social values during adolescence, or, during "Educacion Secundaria Obligatoria" ["N.T." Mandatory Secondary Education, that is,…

de la Fuente, Jesus; Peralta, Francisco Javier; Sanchez, Maria Dolores

2006-01-01

414

Secondary Lesson Plans in Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook contains teacher developed lessons to help Utah educators integrate legal education and values education into the overall secondary curriculum. The lessons can also be used by educators in other states. The handbook begins with a discussion of the various teaching methods utilized in the lessons: brainstorming, case studies,…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

415

Financing Secondary Education in Developing Countries: Strategies for Sustainable Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the problems and issues of secondary-school financing in developing countries. It outlines the rationale for expanding secondary education, investigates under what conditions it might be possible to do so at sustainable cost levels, presents case studies of secondary-school financing, and offers policy recommendations. The first…

Lewin, Keith; Caillods, Francoise

416

Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

Villaverde, Leila E.

417

Secondary Physical Education Avoidance and Gender: Problems and Antidotes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our goal was to locate and evaluate the barriers that impact and cause females to avoid secondary elective physical education courses. We sought to find answers to stop the further decline of female enrolment in secondary physical education by looking into curricula, program and instructional variables. Anecdotal evidence informed this study which…

Ryan, Thomas; Poirier, Yves

2012-01-01

418

Racial and Gender Science Achievement Gaps in Secondary Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large,

Verne R. Bacharach; Alfred A. Baumeister; R. Michael Furr

2003-01-01

419

Development Education in Secondary Home Economics Programs: An Interdisciplinary Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines delivery approaches to integrating development education into secondary home economics curriculum and how an interdisciplinary approach can be used to teach development education in secondary home economics programs. Discusses cultural diversity and similarities, food security and insecurity, production and consumption, nutrition and…

Miller, Julia R.

1987-01-01

420

Roles of Assessment in Secondary Education: Participant Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance pressure at both the institutional and individual level of secondary education has been identified as a pressure that is acknowledged all over Europe and raises questions about the extent to which agents in lower and upper secondary education interpret assessment in terms of either control or learning, or perhaps both. Drawing on…

Rasmussen, Annette; Friche, Nanna

2011-01-01

421

The Allures and Illusions of Modernity: Technology and Educational Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined a national educational technology effort in Egypt, illuminating the contradictions between the rhetoric of reform and the reality of school practices. Identifies underlying political, cultural, and economic factors that constrain attempts to improve Egyptian schooling with technology. (SLD)

Warschauer, Mark

2003-01-01

422

Historical Aspects of the Concept of "Compulsory Education": Rethinking the Rhetoric of Debates in Current Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current Educational Reform in Japan is oddly captured with confused conceptions of "compulsory education." The Ministry of Education blankets such connotations of it, as a national budget system, mandated school curriculum, responsible partnership of school with community and accountabilities of local school board, in defense of vested national…

Sato, Manabu

2008-01-01

423

Evaluation and Follow-Up of Policies, Plans and Reforms of Education: Round Table V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings from a round table held at an international symposium focuses on the planning and management of educational development. The following papers are included in this document: "Overall View on the Evaluation of Educational Plans and Reforms (Ingemar Fagerlind); "Evaluation and Research Capacity-Building in Education Meeting the Needs…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Educational Policy and Planning.

424

Educational Reform in Japan towards Inclusion: Are We Training Teachers for Success?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within a tradition of a dual regular and special education system in Japan, the Government is promoting education reform that encourages an inclusive approach to education. This research investigates whether teachers are being trained for successful inclusion in Japan by reviewing the perceptions of all pre-service teachers in one university…

Forlin, Chris; Kawai, Norimune; Higuchi, Satoshi

2015-01-01

425

Ghana's Education Reform 2007: A Realistic Proposition or a Crisis of Vision?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ghana's recent "Education Reform 2007" envisions a system that strives to achieve both domestic and internationally-oriented goals emanating (1) from the Education for All (EFA) initiative, (2) from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and (3) from global trends in education. Emboldened by the implementation of…

Kuyini, Ahmed Bawa

2013-01-01

426

Australian Teacher Education Reforms: Reinforcing the Problem or Providing a Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform represents a long-term focus of Australian governments. National policy documents have emphasised quality education for all and improved teacher quality for over 30 years. The gaps in achievement among various groups of learners represent a problem for an education system seeking to achieve national quality benchmarks,…

O'Meara, James

2011-01-01

427

Analyses of science education reform in Florida: Emerging from the eclipse or trapped in the darkness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is focused on the changes that have occurred across the complex web of systems and subsystems of education in Florida and to examine the relative impact these changes have exacted upon science education. The primary purpose of this research is to describe and interpret the practices of reform efforts in Florida as a way to inform educational stakeholders

Willis Christian Muire Jr.

1997-01-01

428

Invitational Theory and Total Quality Management: Implications for Professional Practice and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform solutions often ignore the people involved and concentrate solely on the systems in which they work. This paper presents an overview of invitational education theory and Total Quality Management (TQM) theory and describes their uses for improving education. Both theories are holistic approaches; stress the cooperative nature of…

Brinson, Kenneth H., Jr.; Miller, Jeanie

429

It Takes More than a Village: Inviting Partners and Complexity in Educational Leadership Preparation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heeding the advice of Young, Petersen, and Short (2002), the Educational Leadership Program at Auburn University included a variety of stakeholders in the reform of its preparation program. Collaborative partnerships were formed with school districts, local and state educational agencies, and with a variety of other educational stakeholders. This…

Brooks, Jeffrey S.; Havard, Tim; Tatum, Karen; Patrick, Lynn

2010-01-01

430

The Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education through Curriculum Reform in Finnish Comprehensive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How has entrepreneurship education been implemented in Finnish comprehensive schools. A two-part survey was undertaken in 43 municipalities with different educational and socio-economic backgrounds. The first part, in 2005, dealt with the local curriculum reform with a focus on the development of entrepreneurship education. The second part, in…

Seikkula-Leino, Jaana

2011-01-01

431

Sticks, Stones, and Ideology: The Discourse of Reform in Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many highly politicized debates about reforming teacher education are embedded within two larger national agendas: the agenda to professionalize teaching and teacher education, which is linked to the K–12 standards movement, and the movement to deregulate teacher preparation, which aims to dismantle teacher education institutions and break up the monopoly of the profession. In this article, the authors analyze how

Marilyn Cochran-Smith; Mary Kim Fries

2001-01-01

432

Reforms and Innovations in Estonian Education. Baltische Studien zur Erziehungs- und Sozialwissenschaft. Volume 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers provides a small overview of educational research in Estonia. The papers in the collection treat school reforms since the renewal of independence in 1991, new approaches to teacher training, the implementation of a child-centred approach in school, the achieving of educational aims and other actual topics in education.…

Mikk, Jaan, Ed.; Veisson, Marika, Ed.; Luik, Piret, Ed.

2008-01-01

433

From Sputnik to the Spellings Commission: The Rhetoric of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In July 1946, Harry S. Truman formed the first-ever presidential commission on higher education. Since that time, reports by commissioned panels of experts calling for reforms to postsecondary education have proliferated. The Spellings Commission on the Future of Higher Education provides yet the most recent high-profile example of how reformists…

Markwardt, Daylanne

2012-01-01

434

Democratizing Higher Education and Access to Science: The Portuguese Reform 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The democratization of higher education through strategically driven science policies and higher education reforms is documented in this paper. These represent complementary policy actions oriented towards strengthening social, cultural and economic dimensions that allow higher education institutions (HEIs) to grow and to train graduates able to…

Heitor, Manuel; Horta, Hugo

2014-01-01

435

The Politics of Teacher Education Reform. The National Commission on Teaching and America's Future. Yearbook of the Politics of Education Association. [Volume 13].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of papers on the politics of teacher education reform. The book begins with "Introduction to the Politics of Teacher Preparation Reform" (Karen Symms Gallagher and Jerry D. Bailey). Part 1, "Issues From the National Arena," includes "The Politics of Teacher Education Reform: Strategic Philanthropy and Public Policy…

Gallagher, Karen Symms, Ed.; Bailey, Jerry D., Ed.

436

Assessing Knowledge Levels of Secondary School Physical Education and Sports Teachers about Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to assess knowledge levels of physical education teachers in inclusive education in secondary schools. For the research, the survey method was employed. It consisted of 55 physical education teachers employed in 47 secondary schools included in inclusive education program under Kocaeli Provincial Directorate of…

Aydin, Mensure

2014-01-01

437

Reforming Science Education: Part I. The Search for a Philosophy of Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to competition with alternative visions and paradigms (e.g. STS, multi-culturalism, constructivism, traditionalism) which deadlock implementation, and which have led to conflicting meanings of scientific literacy, but the inability to rise above the debate. At issue is a fundamental problem plaguing science education at the school level, one it shares with education in general. It is my contention that it requires a guiding “metatheory” of education that can appropriately distance itself from the dual dependencies of metatheories in psychology and the demands of socialization—especially as articulated in most common conceptions of scientific literacy tied to citizenship. I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science. This will be elaborated in Part II of a supplemental paper to the present one. As a prerequisite to presenting Egan’s metatheory I first raise the issue of the need for a conceptual shift back to philosophy of education within the discipline, and thereto, on developing and demarcating true educational theories (essentially neglected since Hirst). In the same vein it is suggested a new research field should be opened with the express purpose of developing a discipline-specific “philosophy of science education” (largely neglected since Dewey) which could in addition serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

438

Korean Teachers' Beliefs about English Language Education and Their Impacts upon the Ministry of Education-Initiated Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aims to expand studies on ESL/EFL teachers' beliefs by investigating the relationship among Korean teachers' beliefs about English language education in Korea, sources of their beliefs, their perceptions of the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MOE)-initiated reforms in English language education, and the degree of…

Yook, Cheong Min

2010-01-01

439

A Study of Workplace Aggression as Related to Pedagogical Reform in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Previous research on pedagogical reforms has seldom looked at how reform may contribute to aggression in school organizations. The purpose of this paper is to hypothesize that teachers' disengagement from school mediates the tendency for teachers to manifest aggression when they are implementing pedagogical reform in school. Behind…

Tam, Frank Wai-ming

2013-01-01

440

Reformed Undergraduate Instruction and its Subsequent Impact on Secondary School Teaching Practice and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT) Program is one of several reform efforts supported by the National Science Foundation. The primary ACEPT reform mechanism has been month-long summer workshops in which university and community college science and mathematics faculty learn about instructional reforms

Adamson, Scott L.; Banks, Debra; Burtch, Mark; Cox, Frank, III; Judson, Eugene; Turley, Jeffery B.; Benford, Russell; Lawson, Anton E.

2003-01-01

441

Part-Time Employment by Secondary Agricultural Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare secondary agricultural educators' perceptions of the benefits and problems associated with teaching agricultural education and being involved in other part-time employment activities. The sample consisted of 107 agricultural educators nonrandomly selected from three states. Sixty-nine usable questionnaires…

Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Scarbrough, Connie; Gartin, Stacy A.; Boone, Deborah A.

2006-01-01

442

Directory of Public Elementary and Secondary Education Agencies. Spring 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major responsibilities of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is to report on the condition of public elementary and secondary education in the United States. Information on the universe of schools and education agencies is collected annually in the NCES Common Core of Data (CCD) surveys. The surveys are completed from…

Cook, Richard Paul; And Others

443

Entrepreneurship Education in Lesotho Secondary Schools: Pedagogical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the extent to which the entrepreneurship education component of the business education curriculum in Lesotho secondary education is being implemented. The study was undertaken in 18 schools during 1998, 1999 and 2000. Different research methods such as video recording, interviews and document analysis were used. Results indicate…

Nketekete, Malefetsane E.; Motebang, Maletele B.

2008-01-01

444

Towards 3000: The Dynamics of Future Post-Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a systems theory approach to post-secondary education. Terms such as entropy, energy, and "essergy" together with the laws of thermodynamics are applied to educational concepts. A philosophical approach with interspersed quotations from Hegel, Korzybski, and Adelman is used to design a new educational paradigm based upon…

Teng, Jaan

445

Education: Curriculum Studies & Secondary Education (CSSE) Page 107Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: CURRICULUM STUDIES &  

E-print Network

school and high school teacher candidate (art, music, and physical education candidates may actuallyEducation: Curriculum Studies & Secondary Education (CSSE) Page 107Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: CURRICULUM STUDIES & SECONDARY EDUCATION (CSSE) DEPARTMENT OFFICE Stevenson Hall 1078

Ravikumar, B.

446

Education: Curriculum Studies & Secondary Education (CSSE) Page 109Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog EDUCATION: CURRICULUM STUDIES &  

E-print Network

for the middle school and high school teacher candidate (art, music, and physical education candidates mayEducation: Curriculum Studies & Secondary Education (CSSE) Page 109Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog EDUCATION: CURRICULUM STUDIES & SECONDARY EDUCATION (CSSE) DEPARTMENT OFFICE Stevenson Hall 1078

Ravikumar, B.

447

On the Reform of Higher Education and Science in Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making sure that any reforms enjoy social support is an urgent problem in societal transformations. This truth has been hard won by history and has rightly taken on the status of an axiom. What makes reforms different from revolutions is that they are limited when it comes to the use of the mechanisms of destruction and suppression. In contrast to…

Gurevich, L. Ia.

2011-01-01

448

The "New New Math"?: Two Reform Movements in Mathematics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the origins, curricular and pedagogical content, and impact of the new math and standards-based reform movements, describing: events leading up to this new math era and characteristics of representative curriculums; the demise of the movement; the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' standards-based reform movement; and reactions…

Herrera, Terese A.; Owens, Douglas T.

2001-01-01

449

Despite the Odds: The Contentious Politics of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Despite the Odds" poses an important question: How can we account for successful policy reform initiatives when the political cards are stacked against change? Theories of politics usually predict that reform initiatives will be unsuccessful when powerful groups are opposed to change and institutions are biased against it. This book, however,…

Grindle, Merilee S.

2004-01-01

450

Educational Reform in Florida: Context, Substance and Politics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade in Florida has seen an increase in reform efforts and public scrutiny, but no evidence of across-the-board achievement gains. The state's capacity for forging coalitions and funding reforms is threatened by continuing political volatility, ideological and partisan cleavages, and increasing competition for tax dollars. (38…

Herrington, Carolyn D.; Cistone, Peter J.

1994-01-01

451

Department of Middle, Secondary, and K-12 Education Major in Middle Grades Education  

E-print Network

Department of Middle, Secondary, and K-12 Education Major in Middle Grades Education (BA Degree: 120-127 hours ­ General Education Hours vary based on Concentration) College of Education http://education on EDUC 2100 and SPED 2100 of C or better. Students must also complete an "Application for Admission

Raja, Anita

452

No Issue, No Problem? Co-Education in Dutch Secondary Physical Education during the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the development co-education in Dutch secondary physical education, suggesting that the dominant 20th century co-educational tradition in the Netherlands has influenced educational ideals and school practice with respect to physical education. Asserts that a historical lack of discussions about co-education trivializes today's problems in…

Van Essen, Mineke

2003-01-01

453

Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Pathways and Partnerships. Institutional Management in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid growth of tertiary education is partly due to the expansion of post-secondary vocational education and training (PSV). A well developed post-secondary PSV system and links between universities and VET institutions improve skills and employment opportunities. What is post-secondary PSV and how does it relate to other components of the…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

454

The Exploration and Practice of the Comprehensive Reform in Graduate Education on Professional Degree of Clinical Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The comprehensive reform in graduate education of Zhejiang University for a professional degree in clinical medicine accommodates the demand of both the Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health of China for educational reform by putting forward a "5+3" pattern, an innovative training pattern for this degree. The pattern focuses on…

Xu, Ling-Xiao; Yu, Fang; Ma, Zhen-Qiu; Zhou, Tian-Hua; Geng, Xiao-Bei; Huang, He

2014-01-01

455

The Impact of Educational Reforms on the Work of the School Principal in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much has been written about the complexity of educational change and reform elsewhere, the educational reform movement in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a relatively recent phenomenon with little systematic documentation as yet; educators are still searching for a clear understanding of their roles. However, it is clear that the…

Thorne, Christine

2011-01-01

456

Developing Leadership Capacity in English Secondary Schools and Universities: Global Positioning and Local Mediation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government responses to globalisation include developing educational leaders as reformers for workforce competitiveness in the knowledge economy. Qualitative research tracked interventions involving national leadership development bodies to acculturate leaders in secondary schools and universities. Acculturating leaders as reformers was mediated…

Wallace, Mike; Deem, Rosemary; O'Reilly, Dermot; Tomlinson, Michael

2011-01-01

457

Reform of general education and vocational training in the U.S.S.R  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

School reform in the Soviet Union is now being carried out in accordance with programmatic directives of the June 1983 plenary session of the CPSU Central Committee. The draft reform was under study and discussion for several months by various groups within the Soviet Union with the participation of about 120 million people. Following the discussion of the draft reform, the basic guidelines for reform were approved by the plenary session of the CPSU Central Committee on April 10, 1984, and by the U.S.S.R. Supreme Soviet on April 12, 1984. The essence of the reform is to improve the quality of instruction (including an added year of compulsory education-from 10 to 11) and to teach young people a profession in addition to the required volume of knowledge and work skills.

Spearman, M. L.

1985-01-01

458

National Survey of Secondary Education. Bulletin, 1932, No. 17. Monograph No. 6: The Smaller Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is concerned with the smaller secondary schools, those schools which in the main afford the opportunities for secondary education to the children of the smaller centers of population and rural areas. In order to make the picture as complete as possible, the study has included high schools with enrollments ranging from fewer than…

Ferriss, Emery N.; Gaumnitz, W. H.; Brammell, P. Roy

1933-01-01

459

Ways Constituency Development Fund Promotes Secondary Education in Laikipia West District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kenya started providing secondary school education as part of her basic education in 2008 through subsidized secondary education in 2008, but was faced by two major challenges; secondary schools are fewer than primary schools, and secondary education is more costly than primary education. This has made many students especially those from poor…

Mwangi, Peter Murage

2013-01-01

460

Towards Diversification of Secondary Special Education in British Columbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the trend in British Columbia, Canada, towards diversification of secondary special education programs, which in the past were restricted to occupational programs that became "dumping grounds" for all types of problem students. (DLS)

Csapo, Marg

1978-01-01

461

77 FR 24187 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; State Educational Agency Local...Under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), Title...

2012-04-23

462

The Educational Challenge of Academic Freedom in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues and responsibilities related to academic freedom in secondary schools are addressed, indicating that the issues are as diverse as the institutions and individuals involved. Legislation limiting academic freedom, parental control, comparisons between academic freedom in secondary and higher education, as well as specific cases are among the…

Hart, Ann Weaver

1983-01-01

463

Career and Technical Education Secondary Female Teachers: Leadership Attributes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the leadership attributes, professional characteristics, and personal characteristics of secondary female teachers in career and technical education program areas of agriculture, business, family and consumer sciences, healthcare science, marketing, and technology. This study included 179 female secondary

White, Tedra H.; Smith, Bettye P.

2012-01-01

464

Knowledge of Secondary School Pupils regarding Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary

Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

2006-01-01

465

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

466

Health Care Reform: How Will It Affect Nursing?--Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing educators have the opportunity to advance nursing's agenda for health care reform to ensure effective health care for all members of society. They have a key role in fostering the political involvement of student nurses and nurses who have returned to school for baccalaureate or graduate education. Role modeling is critical to increasing…

Zalon, Margarete Lieb

467

Outcomes-based Education in South African Curricular Reform: A Response to Jonathan Jansen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to the article "Curriculum Reform in South Africa: A Critical Analysis of Outcomes-Based Education" by Jonathan Jansen. States that "Curriculum 2005" too strongly emphasizes procedural knowledge. Proposes a less radical version of outcomes-based education in which teachers integrate propositional, procedural, and dispositional knowledge…

Mason, Mark

1999-01-01

468

New Roles for Community Services in Educational Reform. Publication Series No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rediscovery of a role in extending social organization and bringing "order" to distressed neighborhoods has become an educational reform motif in the United States. A full-service school that links education and other support services can contribute to the social capital needed to improve children's learning. While it is a laudable concept,…

Crowson, Robert L.; Boyd, William Lowe

469

Translating Globalization and Democratization into Local Policy: Educational Reform in Hong Kong and Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have witnessed three important international trends: an increase in the number of democratic states; economic globalization; and educational reforms in light of the challenges of the new millennium. A great deal of research has addressed educational change in relation to either globalization or democratization, but little has…

Law, Wing-Wah

2004-01-01

470

Future Developments of Educational Research in the Asia-Pacific Region: Paradigm Shifts, Reforms, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In facing up to the challenges and impacts of globalization, high technology, economic transformation, international competitions and local developments in the new century, there have been numerous educational reforms and initiatives in many countries in the Asia-Pacific Region (Cheng, 2005a, A new paradigm for re-engineering education:…

Cheng, Yin Cheong

2007-01-01

471

A View from the Bridge: What Does the School-Reform Movement Mean for Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the school reform movement and its relationship to higher education identified six implications for colleges and universities and ways for governing boards to support them. Factors foreseen include emergence of national educational standards, emphasis on teacher training, slow progress, increasing diversity, advancing technology,…

Sobol, Thomas

1993-01-01

472

The Politics of Literacy in the Context of Large-Scale Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I will consider the lessons that can be learnt about literacy policy and its role in large-scale education reform programmes, with particular reference to policy-making in England since the election of New Labour in 1997. New Labour's promise to the electorate in 1997 was that state-funded education could be fixed and turned into a…

Moss, Gemma

2009-01-01

473

Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

2013-01-01

474

Art Education in a Climate of Reform: The Need for Measurable Goals in Art Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agreeing on what the major goals of art education should be is particularly important in an era of national school reform and accountability. The need to be accountable and to provide data that supports that accountability is evident, although not always provided. Without clear and measurable goals, art education cannot be made accountable in…

Dorn, Charles; Orr; Penelope

2008-01-01

475

A Critical Time for Medical Education: The Perils of Competence-Based Reform of the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-01-01

476

Of Credits, "Kontrakty" and Critical Thinking: Encountering "Market Reforms" in Kyrgyzstani Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the impact of market metaphors and mechanisms on higher education in Kyrgyzstan. Drawing upon recent anthropological literature on the local meanings of market reforms in post-socialist contexts, as well as work in the field of educational policy that has focused attention on the "local spaces" in which curricular and…

Reeves, Madeleine

2005-01-01

477

Challenging the Status Quo: Alan Pifer and Higher Education Reform in Colonial Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historiography of higher education in Nigeria has not fully accounted for Alan Pifer's crucial contributions in reforming the elitist British higher education tradition in colonial Nigeria. Through qualitative analysis of mostly primary sources acquired from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library in Columbia University, this article argues that…

Anyanwu, Ogechi E.

2013-01-01

478

The Significance for Education Reform of the New York City Mayoral Election  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this first 2014 issue of "Voices in Urban Education," Oona Chatterjee, the Annenberg Institute's associate director for New York City organizing, interviews Pedro Noguera, the Peter L. Agnew Professor of Education at New York University, a noted researcher and national commentator on topics such as urban school reform, conditions…

Noguera, Pedro

2014-01-01

479

Duty Calls for Interculturalism: How Do Teachers Perceive the Reform of Intercultural Education in Cyprus?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of Cyprus's accession to the European Union and a huge wave of immigration towards the country, teachers are called upon to teach within more diverse educational settings. In consideration of the substantial role teachers play in implementing intercultural education, this study explores their perceptions of the reform of…

Hajisoteriou, Christina

2013-01-01

480

Educational Reform and Technological Change: Computing Literacy in the Soviet Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the 1985 Soviet national computer literacy campaign, its structure and assumptions, and computer hardware and software developed to support it. Compares Soviet and U.S. views about roles of computers in education and educational reform and the ways to promote computer use. Contains 50 references in English and descriptions of 4 Soviet…

Kerr, Stephen T.

1991-01-01

481

National Public Opinion on School Health Education: Implications for the Health Care Reform Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated national public opinion on school health education and the implications for health-care reform initiatives. Telephone surveys of 1,005 adults nationwide indicated that the public at large believes in the importance of health education to reduce health problems among children, considering it the responsibility of parents and…

Torabi, Mohammad R.; Crowe, James W.

1995-01-01

482

Education, Modernity and Neo-Conservative School Reform in Canada, Britain, and the U.S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that conservative critiques of education and proposals for reform are similar in Canada, Great Britain, and the United States. Describes and analyzes New Right criticisms of education and conservative efforts to promote business values and market-based economics. (CFR)

Elliott, Brian; MacLennan, David

1994-01-01

483

Educational Development and Reform on the Soviet Periphery: Mongolian People's Republic and Lao People's Democratic Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines educational reforms that have occurred in Mongolia and Laos. Both nations have expanded educational opportunity drastically over the years. Both had extensive literacy campaigns following the establishment of socialism. Laos has undertaken development projects with the support of the USSR, Eastern European countries, and…

Spaulding, Seth

1990-01-01

484

Public Schools in Marketized Environments: Shifting Incentives and Unintended Consequences of Competition-Based Educational Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By opening the system to competition, popular school choice reforms seek to remake public education into a more consumer-oriented endeavor. While the underlying theory holds that competitive pressures will induce change and improvement in educational processes, research indicates that organizations often respond instead by developing promotional…

Lubienski, Christopher

2005-01-01

485

Young Christopher Langdell, 1826-1854: The Formation of an Educational Reformer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an evidenced account of Christopher Columbus Langdell, arguably the best-known and most influential figure in the history of U.S. legal education, from his birth in 1826 until his departure from law school in 1854. Attempts to explain the formation of his interest in education, as well as the origins of significant reforms in legal…

Kimball, Bruce A.

2002-01-01

486

Investing in College Completion. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 11, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" summarizes recent research that may challenge conventional wisdom on how and where public resources for postsecondary education should be dedicated in an effort to increase college completion rates. Questions to be examined include: (1) How did changes in enrollments and the allocation of resources…

Education Commission of the States (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

487

Imaging the Frame: Media Representations of Teachers, Their Unions, NCLB, and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the political discourse surrounding NCLB, educational reform, and how that discourse shaped perceptions of public education during the Bush Administration. Examining mass media campaigns in the New York Times and Time Magazine, the article demonstrates how the media has visually and textually framed and reinforced NCLB and…

Goldstein, Rebecca A.

2011-01-01

488

Hallie Quinn Brown (1845-Or 1850-1949): Educator, Author, Lecturer, Founder, and Reformer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most black educators are aware of black pioneers, such as Frederick Douglass, Phillis Wheatley, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, George Washington Carver, Mary McLeod Bethune, and others, Few are, however, aware of Hallie Quinn Brown (1845-or 1850-1949) educator, author, lecture, founder, and reformer, who wrote one of the first biographies…

Evans, A.L.; Lamikanra, A.E.; Jones, O.S.L.; Evans, V.

2004-01-01

489

Russians' Attitudes toward the Reform of Higher Educational Institutions in 2006 and 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey was intended to combat bureaucratic and criminal malfeasance in the system of higher education. Experts in seven federal districts in Russia were asked to determine the attitudes of the population toward higher education reforms in the past two years. Survey data show that Russians are generally not in favor of many of the changes in…

Grigor'ev, S. I.

2009-01-01

490

Challenging the Post-Fordist/Flexible Organisation Thesis: The Case of Reformed Educational Organisations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines claims that recent reforms to UK education have led to significant organisational changes in primary school and higher education. It also examines two main theoretical explanations for these, namely post-Fordism and New Managerialism. Examples of changes in both schools and universities, including flexibility and teamwork, are…

Brehony, Kevin J.; Deem, Rosemary

2005-01-01

491

The New Basic Education and Whole School Reform: A Chinese Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, China has entered an era of transformation which has extended its reach to education and school reforms. The "New Basic Education" (NBE) was born in this era and implemented by the East China Normal University together with schools around the country. NBE aims at nurturing the active, healthy development of a new…

Bu, Yuhua; Li, Jiacheng

2013-01-01

492

From Subjects to Citizens: On Educational Reforms and the Demarcation of the “Israeli-Arabs”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a critical analysis of the Arab educational policy, from Israel's independence in the 1970s, this article examines the pivotal role of the state in engendering the trends of Palestinianization and Israelization that arguably characterize the attitude of the Arab minority to the Israeli state. Exploring the educational reforms of the 1960s and 1970s, it shows the contingent relation

GAL LEVY

2005-01-01

493

Street-Level Bureaucrats and Institutional Innovation: Implementing Special-Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the implementation of Chapter 766, the dramatically innovative state special-education law in Massachusetts. Shows how the necessary coping mechanisms that individual school personnel use to manage the demands of their jobs may, in the aggregate, constrain and distort the implementation of special-education reform. (Editor/RK)

Weatherley, Richard; Lipsky, Michael

1977-01-01

494

Reforming Society through Education for Gifted Children: The Case of Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the current education reform agenda in Kazakhstan, which is underpinned, in part, by the argument that investment in human capital through elite institutions for gifted children can lift up the whole system of education. The paper revisits two broad theoretical perspectives, relating to human capital and to ideas about…

Yakavets, Natallia

2014-01-01

495

Why Are Studies of Neighborhoods and Communities Central to Education Policy and Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand the long shadow of education policy and reform in the United States, especially in the urban core, requires a full and elaborate understanding of the neighborhoods and communities that have transformed in the last 20 or 30 years. Studying classrooms and educational spaces without concomitant understanding of the dynamics and facets…

Hopson, Rodney

2014-01-01

496

The Problems and Some Suggestions in the Current System Reform of Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thanks to China's reform and opening to the world over the last three decades, the conventional normal education system, which is characterized by independent orientation, is now being challenged by a comprehensive and multi-faceted modern teacher education system that has taken shape. It is high time that we attached great significance to the…

Yang, Tian-ping

2011-01-01

497

Excellence and Accountability. Report of the Governor's Task Force on Higher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A task force report recommends ways to promote educational reform in higher education in New Mexico. Forty recommendations address the following areas: institutional missions, academic excellence and accountability, community colleges, student financial aid, affirmative action, economic development, capital outlay, and funding issues. Specific…

New Mexico State Commission on Postsecondary Education, Santa Fe.

498

The Secondary School Curriculum and Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two important topics are discussed: (1) adoption of the applications and social interactions of science as a predominant theme in general education; (2) educational problems associated with this development are presented. (DF)

Layton, David

1973-01-01

499

Supervising the Secondary School Physical Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical education contributes to the physical, mental, and emotional health of young people. Administrators must recognize these contributions and ensure an effective program by evaluating and retraining teachers to keep abreast of the recent knowledge explosion in physical education. (CJH)

Heitmann, Helen M.

1988-01-01

500

Charter Schools: From Reform Imagery to Reform Reality. Palgrave Studies in Urban Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book begins with the claims of policymakers and explores charter schools at each stage of the policymaking process, from legislation to implementation. Powers carefully and thoroughly examines how features of schools' policy contexts shape the ways that charter school reform unfolds at schools, providing a nuanced portrait of the schools…

Powers, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01