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Sample records for reform secondary education

  1. Secondary Education Reform: Retrospect and Prospect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passow, A. Harry

    In these lectures the author examines current criticisms of secondary education in light of the history of secondary education reform and then discusses future prospects for reform as they relate to the place of secondary education in modern American society. The author begins by presenting a retrospective analysis of a number of studies and…

  2. Secondary STEM Educational Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Carla C., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Federal and state funding agencies have invested billions of dollars into secondary STEM (Science, Technology, Education, Mathematics) educational reform over the past decade. This volume addresses the interplay of external and internal variables associated with school reform and how this dynamic has impacted many efforts. The goal of this book is…

  3. Secondary School Reform, Inclusion, and Authentic Assessment. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braden, Jeffery P.; Schroeder, Jennifer L.; Buckley, Jacquelyn A.

    The Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform for Youth with Disabilities (RISER) has identified Schools of Authentic and Inclusive Learning (SAIL) to explore whether and how secondary students with disabilities are included in secondary education reform. In this brief, the literature describing the intersection of reform, inclusion, and…

  4. Vocationalizing Secondary Education: The Junior Secondary Schooling Reform of 1987 in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osei, George M.

    2007-01-01

    This study addresses educational reform in Ghana with reference to the junior secondary schooling. The empirical data on junior secondary teachers and pupils used here is taken from a larger case study of the junior secondary school innovation in Ghana. This offers some new perspectives on the realities of Ghanaian junior secondary schooling,…

  5. A Review of Educational Reform--New Senior Secondary (NSS) Education in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, William

    2010-01-01

    The Hong Kong government had implemented a new senior secondary education system from the school year of 2009-2010. This paper is to review the educational reform and discuss the issues arising from the Managerialism Approach used in the reform and provides some suggestions for the impact of change.

  6. Recipients, Agents, or Partners?: The Contradictions of Teacher Participation in Mexican Secondary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.; Blackwood, Janet; Cross, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    The countries of Latin America have been no exception to global calls for educational transformation and teacher professionalization at the secondary level. One of the newest of these reforms is Mexico's Reforma de la Educacion Secundaria (RS) (Reform of Secondary Education), launched in 2006. This article examines portrayals by various actors of…

  7. Recipients, Agents, or Partners?: The Contradictions of Teacher Participation in Mexican Secondary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.; Blackwood, Janet; Cross, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    The countries of Latin America have been no exception to global calls for educational transformation and teacher professionalization at the secondary level. One of the newest of these reforms is Mexico's Reforma de la Educacion Secundaria (RS) (Reform of Secondary Education), launched in 2006. This article examines portrayals by various actors of

  8. Voices of Students, Parents, and Teachers in China's Secondary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joong, Peter; Ying, Xiong; Lin, Li; Jian, Pan Chun

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine how and to what extent secondary teachers have implemented educational reforms in China that have had a direct impact on students, teachers, and parents. The survey concluded that teachers and parents liked the reform initiatives. Most teachers were able to make changes that supported the reforms even though…

  9. Secondary Education Reform and the Concept of Equality of Opportunity in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okada, Akito

    1999-01-01

    Analyzes the Central Council for Education's (CCE) reform proposals in the 1990's, placing them within the context of developing the concept "equality of education opportunity" as applied to educational policies in Japan since 1945. Provides three reasons why the CCE's proposal of a new type of secondary school would be destructive. (CMK)

  10. Curricular Reforms in Mexico: Challenges for Developing Disciplinary Literacy in Upper Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    López-Bonilla, Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    In this article I present recent educational reforms implemented in Mexico and their implications for literacy instruction; in particular, I analyze changes to upper secondary education that seemingly want to promote the development of "disciplinary competences" among students enrolled in different educational tracks. The debates among…

  11. Secondary Teacher Education, University of Regina: Responding to the Call for Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang, H. R.; Schaller, J.

    The focus of this paper is on the new Secondary Teacher Education Program at the University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. The authors draw program inferences from a review of the literature on teacher education reform and present a brief history of the development of the program. A description is given of the program that has been initiated,…

  12. Reconceptualised life skills in secondary education in the African context: Lessons learnt from reforms in Ghana

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akyeampong, Kwame

    2014-04-01

    Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an emphasis on developing specific technical vocational skills considered essential for employability or self-employment. Using Ghana as an example, this paper shows how secondary education curriculum reformers recommended shifts that embraced a new interpretation of life skills focused on 21st-century skills. This gradual move also reflected the difficulty that secondary education in general has had in networking with the world of work to provide work experience that would lead to the development of work-related skills and enhance employability. The author's main argument is that although the reconceptualisation of life skills in secondary education to reflect 21st-century skills is a welcome shift in the African context, this needs to be accompanied by reforms in teacher education. Classroom teaching and learning need to be adapted in a fundamental way in order to ensure that youth fully benefit from the inclusion of 21st-century life skills in secondary education curricula. Such reforms must include pedagogical practices which nurture communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking skills.

  13. Curriculum Reform and Reproducing Inequality in Upper-Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenwick, Lisl

    2011-01-01

    The capacity of schooling to overcome disadvantage in society is a recurring topic of discussion and debate in countries around the world. Current government-led reforms of curriculum, assessment and schooling often aim to address inequality, as part of broader agendas to improve national productivity and social wellbeing. Recent approaches to…

  14. Democratization of Secondary Education in Malaysia: Emerging Problems and Challenges of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sua, Tan Yao

    2012-01-01

    The democratization of education in Malaysia has come a long way since the early 1960s. In the early 1990s, the government decided to democratize secondary education in order to widen formal access to secondary education, especially at the upper secondary level. It is the contention of this paper that the widening of formal access to education may…

  15. Aligning Transition Services with Secondary Educational Reform: A Position Statement of the Division on Career Development and Transition

    PubMed Central

    Morningstar, Mary E.; Bassett, Diane S.; Cashman, Joanne; Kochhar-Bryant, Carol; Wehmeyer, Michael L.

    2014-01-01

    Society has witnessed significant improvements in the lives of students receiving transition services over the past 30 years. The field of transition has developed an array of evidence-based interventions and promising practices, however, secondary school reform efforts have often overlooked these approaches for youth without disabilities. If we are to see improvements in postsecondary outcomes for all youth, reform efforts must begin with active participation of both general and special educators and critical home, school, and community stakeholders. In the Division on Career Development for Exceptional Individuals’ position paper, we discuss the evolution of transition in light of reform efforts in secondary education. We review and identify secondary educational initiatives that embrace transition principles. Finally, recommendations are provided for advancing alignment of transition services with secondary education reforms. PMID:25221733

  16. Reform of Secondary Education in Morocco: Challenges and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diyen, Hayat

    2004-01-01

    As people embark on a new globalized world, the old formal system of education in the Arab world is facing challenges and dilemmas. How can the new system preserve their Islamic and Arabic culture, while incorporating strategies for a new globalized world? This article tries to answer some of these questions by focusing on Morocco as a case study.…

  17. Resource and Technology: A Beacon for Change in the Reform of Jamaica's Secondary Education System--or a "Pipedream"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Zellynne

    2012-01-01

    Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T)…

  18. Status of Education Reform in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: Teachers' Perspectives. Statistical Analysis Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Debbie; Heaviside, Sheila; Farris, Elizabeth

    This volume examines education-reform efforts in U.S. public schools. The report, which focuses on higher standards for student achievement, is based on two nation-wide studies: the Public School Teacher Survey on Education Reform and the Public School Survey on Education Reform. The survey included questions on teachers' understanding of higher…

  19. Reforming New Zealand Secondary Education: The Picot Report and the Road to Radical Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Openshaw, Roger

    2009-01-01

    During the late 1980s, the report "Administering for Excellence" (the Picot Report), and the Labour Government's definitive policy response, "Tomorrow's Schools," ushered in a new era in New Zealand. In what was seen as a decisive stroke, New Zealand's 110 year old three-tiered education system was swept away to be replaced by a two-component…

  20. Reforming New Zealand Secondary Education: The Picot Report and the Road to Radical Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Openshaw, Roger

    2009-01-01

    During the late 1980s, the report "Administering for Excellence" (the Picot Report), and the Labour Government's definitive policy response, "Tomorrow's Schools," ushered in a new era in New Zealand. In what was seen as a decisive stroke, New Zealand's 110 year old three-tiered education system was swept away to be replaced by a two-component

  1. Regulation and Deregulation in Education Policy: New Reforms and School Sports in Swedish Upper Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    During the 1990s, neoliberal reforms in Sweden increased local school actors' possibilities to develop school profiles regarding both organization and content. This restructuring has increased the total number of school sports programs as well as the possibilities for upper secondary schools and sports clubs to develop elite and amateur…

  2. Smoothing the Secondary-Further Education Interface: Developments in New Zealand Following the National Qualifications Framework Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend

    2005-01-01

    The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have enabled the liberalisation of upper secondary school curricula to the point where schools can devise programmes that lead to nationally recognised vocational qualifications. Strategies include close relationships with further education providers whereby instructional materials or direct…

  3. Understanding the Ecologies of Education Reforms: Comparing the Perceptions of Parents and Secondary Teachers and Students in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joong, Yee Han Peter

    2012-01-01

    This study examines how secondary school teachers have implemented educational reforms in China. To examine the implementation process, we conducted teacher, student, and parent surveys. Teachers and students surveys asked questions on how often a teaching or evaluation strategy was used in a given course. The survey concluded that teachers and…

  4. Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Barry M.

    2012-01-01

    Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational…

  5. Critical Literacy, Educational Investment, and the Blueprint for Reform: An Analysis of the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrell, Ernest

    2010-01-01

    This article analyzes, "A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act," a recently released report from the U.S. Department of Education. It begins with an analysis of the strengths of the report. The Blueprint argues for increased college access and more federal attention to public education. In…

  6. Reforming Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donmoyer, Robert, Ed.; Merryfield, Merry M., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This theme issue highlights the diversity of reform initiatives in order to provide a deep understanding of the complexities associated with educational reform in general and the reform of science education in particular. Systemic reform initiatives at the national and state levels along with locally-inspired efforts at reform are outlined.…

  7. Curriculum Reform and Restructuring of Senior Secondary Science Education in Hong Kong: Teachers' Perceptions and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeung, Yau-Yuen; Lee, Yeung-Chung; Lam, Irene Chung-Man

    2012-01-01

    With the restructuring of the senior secondary education system in Hong Kong in 2009, the senior secondary curriculum was overhauled substantially by the conversion of the two-year Certificate Level and the two-year Advanced Level to a new three-year senior secondary level. This process entails changes to the contents and organization of various…

  8. Anchors for Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alok, Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates

  9. Anchors for Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alok, Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates…

  10. A Blueprint for Reform. The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    On Saturday, March 13, the Obama administration released its blueprint for revising the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), which would ask states to adopt college- and career-ready standards and reward schools for producing dramatic gains in student achievement. The proposal challenges the nation to embrace educational standards that…

  11. Reconceptualised Life Skills in Secondary Education in the African Context: Lessons Learnt from Reforms in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyeampong, Kwame

    2014-01-01

    Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an…

  12. Reconceptualised Life Skills in Secondary Education in the African Context: Lessons Learnt from Reforms in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyeampong, Kwame

    2014-01-01

    Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an

  13. Education for Global/Regional Competitiveness: Chilean Policies and Reform in Secondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avalos, Beatrice

    1996-01-01

    Describes projects designed to modernize and improve education and increase investment in Chile. Identifies competitiveness, economic development, and free-market ideology as principles undergirding this educational movement. Outlines specific approaches for teachers, students, and administrators. (MJP)

  14. Reforms in Mathematics Education for Secondary Schools: Historical Trends in Russian and American Education, Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jahn, Harvey R.; Medlin, William K.

    The development of educational policy in Russia during the Soviet period, 1917-1930, and the relationship of that policy to Russia's educational heritage was investigated. Analyzed was the extent to which educational policies under the new regime actually succeeded in departing from cultural patterns established in the older society. Since…

  15. Resource and Technology: A beacon for change in the reform of Jamaica's secondary education system - or a "pipedream"?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jennings, Zellynne

    2012-04-01

    Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T) was an innovation designed to develop the creative potential in technology and to transform pedagogical practices from being teacher-centred to being student-centred. This paper examines how teachers and principals involved in the implementation of R&T perceive its attributes, such as need and relevance and observability. The findings reveal how the achievement of goals was frustrated and which challenges the users faced, including a lack of clarity of the means for implementing R&T.

  16. Options in Education, Transcript for April 5, 1976: Review of "The Night Is Dark & I Am Far from Home," The "Voucher" System, and California Early Childhood Education Plan &"Reform for Intermediate & Secondary Education" Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    "Options in Education" is a radio news program which focuses on issues and developments in education. This transcript contains discussions of Jonathon Kozol's book "The Night Is Dark and I Am Far from Home," the voucher system in education, and California's early education plan and "Reform for Intermediate and Secondary Education" report.…

  17. Reforming Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fishkin, Anne S.; Sullivan, Michael

    This paper describes education reform as an integrated effort to modify not only the structure and elements of the education system but also the culture or belief structure of that system. Central to any discussion of school reform are the elements of restructuring, empowerment, and change. Current reform efforts in restructuring revolve around a…

  18. Common Pressures, Same Results? Recent Reforms in Professional Standards and Competences in Teacher Education for Secondary Teachers in England, France and Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Tina M.

    2015-01-01

    Over the last decade, the introduction of professional standards and competences in initial teacher education for secondary teachers in England, France and Germany has provided the cornerstone of education reform in all three countries. The precise number and specific content of a measurable set of skills for teachers have offered challenges for

  19. Common Pressures, Same Results? Recent Reforms in Professional Standards and Competences in Teacher Education for Secondary Teachers in England, France and Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Tina M.

    2015-01-01

    Over the last decade, the introduction of professional standards and competences in initial teacher education for secondary teachers in England, France and Germany has provided the cornerstone of education reform in all three countries. The precise number and specific content of a measurable set of skills for teachers have offered challenges for…

  20. Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Lisle, Jerome

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

  1. Educational Reform and Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milne, Ann M., Ed.

    This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform…

  2. Romania: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  3. Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  4. Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Challenge of Growth and Reform. Sustainable Development Department Technical Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolff, Laurence; Castro, Claudio de Moura

    This paper synthesizes the issues, problems, research, and current best practice in secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Overall, Latin America and the Caribbean enroll much lower percentages of school age children in secondary education than the region's chief competitors, and the region's secondary education is inadequate by…

  5. Educational Reform in Arkansas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, John L.; Russell, Charles F.

    Focusing on educational reform in Arkansas, this paper consists of three parts. The first section refers to the effects of the reform movement on the entire state, and the second section describes the movement's effects on an individual school district (Fayetteville). Results from a survey of Fayetteville faculty members concerning the quality of…

  6. Educational Reform in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksit, Necmi

    2007-01-01

    There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

  7. Educational Reform in Benin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guezodje, Vincent

    1977-01-01

    Describes the educational reform of a developing socialist nation in Africa. Outlines the educational principles, policies, and practices which are aimed at the socialization of the child in order to integrate him into his community while equipping him with the practical and intellectual means of transforming it. (Author/JK)

  8. The Dilemma of Comprehensive Secondary School Reforms in Western Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Henry M.

    1978-01-01

    The dilemma facing the movement toward comprehensive secondary schools is the one that faces all liberal educational reforms attempting to equalize educational opportunities. As long as the structural inequalities of capitalist production and their associated inequalities in adult status persist, the system of schooling must reflect these…

  9. Parents and Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wikeley, Felicity; Hughes, Martin

    This paper discusses the findings of a United Kingdom study that examined the impact of the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA) on a group of parents whose children would be most affected by the changes. Between the fall of 1989 and the summer of 1992, five rounds of interviews were conducted with the same sample of 138 parents from 11 different

  10. Teacher Development under Curriculum Reform: A Case Study of a Secondary School in Mainland China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lai, Manhong

    2010-01-01

    In 2003, a curriculum reform of education was initiated in mainland China to improve the quality of senior secondary education. The major purpose of this reform was to move from a teacher-centred to a student-centred approach in teaching. In order to find out how teachers coped with the challenges of the reform and how their work was affected, an…

  11. Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

  12. Incongruence in Scoring Practices of Answer Scripts and Their Implications: Need for Urgent Examination Reforms in Secondary Pre-Service Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gafoor, K. Abdul; Farooque, T. K. Umer

    2014-01-01

    In view of the strengthening momentum in efforts to reforms in examinations in higher education of India and Kerala in particular, and holding that teacher education is in privileged position to initiate examination reforms in higher education by virtue of its link with both school education and the higher education, this paper focuses attention

  13. Reforming Educational Reform: A Democratic Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, J.

    2005-05-01

    This essay examines the status of educational reform in the United States as represented by the current Bush administration's program titled "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB). Employing the techniques of critical theory and logical analysis, contemporary reform efforts are compared with other, more progressive, educational reform movements in an effort to gain perspective and conceptual "traction" as it were, in differentiating such movements. Criteria are established for the assessment and evaluation of reform movements. These are employed in judging the efficacy of NCLB's aim, content, and methods, as well as the results of its program following four years of implementation. The merits of the centrality of standardized testing, pre-ordained curricular content, and exclusively didactic teaching methodologies are criticized, along with the extra-school societal forces which ordain these and determine their prominence in the NCLB program. The essentialism adopted by NCLB is, moreover, evaluated in the light of pragmatic, phenomenological, and postmodern educational theory. Arguing that the school is always and inevitably an instrument of societal forces, interests, and groups, it is contended that these not only be acknowledged, but that avenues be formalized for a thorough going and continuous educational "conversation," to borrow Rorty's term, for an amicable resolution of the issues of education's aim(s), content, and methods.

  14. Romania: Education Reform Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Bank, Washington, DC.

    Romania, one of the largest but also one of the poorest nations in Eastern Europe, is moving toward a market economy and a pluralistic society. Romania's educational system reflects a failure to appreciate the value of general secondary education over early specialized vocational training. Basic schooling is compulsory through grade eight, but…

  15. Policy Development and Reform Principles of Basic and Secondary Education in Finland Since 1968. Education Working Paper Series. Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aho, Erkki; Pitkanen, Kari; Sahlberg, Pasi

    2006-01-01

    The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Many factors have contributed to Finland's…

  16. Reforming Technical and Technological Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, David N.

    1993-01-01

    Review of technical and technological educational reform in Brazil, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Sweden shows that reform takes time to complete effectively, long-term approaches are needed, and reform is linked to industrial development, regional cooperation, and decentralized decision making. (SK)

  17. Office Workers, Factory Workers, Cashiers or Cooks: A North American Perspective on Vocational Education Reform at the Secondary School Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinnon, Margaret; Ahola-Sidaway, Janice

    1994-01-01

    Occupational sex segregation is characteristic of pink and blue collar jobs. The work that women do is consistently undervalued in comparison, and many jobs held by women have become less secure. Initiatives in traditional and nontraditional vocational education and secondary school-workplace linkages are needed. (SK)

  18. Aggressive Behaviour Among Swazi Upper Primary and Junior Secondary Students: Implications For Ongoing Educational Reforms Concerning Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundia, Lawrence

    2006-01-01

    Swaziland is planning to introduce inclusive education as part of education for all. The innovation may benefit learners with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD). A purposive teacher sample (N = 47) was used to generate and identify behavioural problems that are prevalent in Swazi schools. Aggression was one of the many conduct disorders…

  19. An Update of Educational Reform in Michigan. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Office of Planning Coordination, Lansing.

    In October 1970, the Governor's Commission on Educational Reform issued a report recommending changes in the administrative and financial structures of Michigan elementary and secondary education. The report, an update of an initial report, covers February through September 1970. Actions taken on educational reform legislation include (1) a State…

  20. The Neo-Liberal Turn in Understanding Teachers' and School Leaders' Work Practices in Curriculum Innovation and Change: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Newly Proposed Reform Policy in Lower Secondary Education in the Republic of Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmie, Geraldine Mooney

    2014-01-01

    The study in this article involved a critical discourse analysis of five policy documents in relation to a curriculum reform proposed for lower secondary education in the Republic of Ireland. It examined the (re)positioning of governance in relation to curriculum and teacher education. Findings indicate a predominant clinical discourse closely…

  1. Equity and Science Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Sharon J.

    This volume is for science educators who are concerned about exploring what it means to promote science literacy for all, equity and excellence, and standards-based reform. A hard look is taken at science education reform efforts and the issues it raises for learners who differ along gender, socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, linguistic lines, or…

  2. Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

    2012-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

  3. International Handbook of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

    This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

  4. Educational Reform in International Perspective. (Chiba and Kyoto, Japan, October 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amagi, Isao, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Five papers from the International Seminar on Educational Reform, in Chiba and Kyoto, Japan, 14-17 October 1985, are presented. Trends in educational reforms, goal and structure, and curriculum; and content of secondary education, selection and admission in higher education, and undergraduate education are discussed. Educational reform in Japan…

  5. Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neophytou, Lefkios

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This

  6. Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neophytou, Lefkios

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

  7. Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

    1999-01-01

    Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and…

  8. Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

    1999-01-01

    Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and

  9. Reforms to Funding Education in Four Canadian Provinces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcea, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    This article provides an analysis of the features, determinants, and effects of a series of reforms to funding the primary and secondary education systems in Alberta, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba during the past two decades. The principal focus is on the reforms that have shifted the authority for setting property tax mill rates for…

  10. Leading Reform in Teacher Education: A Rocky Road.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deer, Christine E.

    This paper presents one educator's experiences at the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia, in leading teacher education reform from 1990-1996. It is written from her perspective as the head of a school of teacher education. The school is primarily concerned with preparing elementary educators, with smaller programs for secondary educators…

  11. Assessing Institutionalization of Educational Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aypay, Ahmet; Kalayci, Serpil Sezer

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to assess the institutionalization of a major reform in the faculties of education in Turkey in the 1990s. A survey was administered to faculty members in eight faculties of education in the academic year 2005-2006. Factor analysis, t-tests and ANOVAs, and OLS regressions were used. Findings indicate that the most problematic area…

  12. Reforming Teacher Education in Romania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manolescu, Marin

    2006-01-01

    The reform of the Romanian system of initial and in-service teacher education is facing similar pressures to those experienced by other European countries' teacher education systems. In particular, the drive towards greater professionalization of teaching careers and university training for teachers. In Romania this process has vacillated between…

  13. Educational Reform and Institutional Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timar, Thomas B.; Kirp, David L.

    1987-01-01

    The authors question tensions between policymakers and local educational institutions and suggest that there are substantial gaps between the intentions and actual consequences of implemented policies concerning educational reform. They argue for cooperative strategies between federal, state, and local authorities that attempt to balance…

  14. Quixotic Ideas for Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riesman, David

    1993-01-01

    Presents a series of ideas for educational reform, some drawn from the author's previous works. Experimentation is badly needed to see what will work at every level of education. Suggestions include encouragement of single-sex schooling and endorsement of allowing college curricular authority to reside with faculty. (SLD)

  15. Quantum Leap: Vocational Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groves, Cecil L.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses recent technological advances, especially in computers and telecommunications, and their impact on the workplace. Highlights the need for educational reform in vocational/technical programs reflecting a systems-oriented approach rooted in the sciences. Discusses the future role of the private sector in education. (HB)

  16. Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamano, Takashi

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

  17. A Study of Educational Reform in the Southeast: Application of a Methodology to Map and Track Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haenn, Joseph F.; Houser, James D.

    In 1983 a number of reports were issued calling for the reform of elementary and secondary education in the United States. This paper describes a methodology for a study that will compare and contrast reliable information across the southeastern states about the implementation of actual reform initiatives, using a framework of 41 major categories

  18. The Rise and Decline of Comprehensive Education: Key Factors in the History of Reformed Secondary Education in Belgium, 1969-1989

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henkens, Bregt

    2004-01-01

    In answer to economic needs and social demands, a structural innovation was introduced in secondary education in most West European countries, mainly in the 1960s. Contrary to the traditional schools, organized in vertical categories, the so-called comprehensive schools brought together all branches in one school. There was protest against this…

  19. Norwegian Secondary School Reform: Reflections on a Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Val D.

    1985-01-01

    Reviews structural reform measures taken by Norway to provide formal equality between vocational and general education. Outlines legal foundations, changes in school enrollment from 1977-78 to 1983-84, admission procedures, and ramifications of these reforms. (NEC)

  20. Scaling up Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaffney, Jon D. H.; Richards, Evan; Kustusch, Mary Bridget; Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    The SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment for Undergraduate Programs) project was developed to implement reforms designed for small classes into large physics classes. Over 50 schools across the country, ranging from Wake Technical Community College to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have adopted it for classes of…

  1. The Mathematics Reform Movement: Assessing the Degree of Reform in Secondary Mathematics Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calhoun, David O.; Bohlin, Carol; Bohlin, Roy; Tracz, Susan

    This paper explores the nature and status of the mathematics reform movement (focusing on California's initiatives) in America's public schools, the connection between the reform movement and constructivist epistemology, the development of an assessment tool for measuring the degree of reform present in a secondary mathematics classroom, and the

  2. Education Reform and Competency-Based Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moon, Yong-lin

    2007-01-01

    The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

  3. Institutional obstacles to educational reform.

    PubMed

    Bulger, R J

    1994-01-01

    For the full implications of health care reform to be implemented in health professions education, there will need to be a radical rethinking of educational missions and goals, as well as a careful analysis of the obstacles to educational reform that are currently extant within our academic centers and health professions schools. A series of steps should be taken to encourage the development of a collegial spirit among faculty and students across the major health professions. As costs of education become distinct from those of service and research, certain organizational steps will become apparent, such as: 1) developing separate postgraduate and undergraduate medical schools; and 2) forming a regional educational network to respond to the workforce demands of the region. PMID:7960089

  4. Education Reform in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Austin D.; Zhian, Zhang

    1987-01-01

    Describes components of "Seventh Five-Year Plan" for China that identify the importance of educational development. In 1985 the Ministry of Education was replaced by the National Education Commission, emphasizing the new prominence of education. The centralized structure of the education system is being dismantled, and concerns over the resulting…

  5. The Policy of Universal Secondary Education: Its Influence on Secondary Schooling in Grenada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Verna

    2014-01-01

    In an era of increasing access to secondary education in the Caribbean, it becomes critical that we understand the effect that Universal Secondary Education (USE) has had on our education systems in order to inform current educational reform efforts and future educational planning. This study explores the experience of the country of Grenada with…

  6. Reform in Mathematics Education in Malaysia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seng, Lee Chuan

    1982-01-01

    Discusses reform in mathematics education in Malaysia since the late sixties until early 1982, highlighting important features of the reform and main factors, including educational background and contributions to the shaping of these features. Educational problems/issues likely to influence a forthcoming reform in the wider context of educational…

  7. Considerations for Education Reform in British Columbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santos, Ana

    2012-01-01

    Countries around the world refer to twenty-first century education as essential to maintaining personal and national economic advantage and draw on this discourse to advocate for and embark on educational reform. This paper examines issues around education reform, particularly in British Columbia. It argues that reformers should give careful…

  8. Current State and Problems of Higher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salnikov, N.; Burukhin, S.

    2009-01-01

    Higher education in Russia is experiencing changes in curriculum and in the specialization and function of institutions in the search for a better model for a post-Soviet society. The early 1990s saw the start of the reform of the system of education in Russia. However, problems of quality and of continuity with secondary education have still not…

  9. The influence of secondary science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, educational beliefs and perceptions of the curriculum on implementation and science reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonner, Portia Selene

    2001-07-01

    Science education reform is one of the focal points of restructuring the educational system in the United States. However, research indicates a slow change in progression towards science literacy among secondary students. One of the factors contributing to slow change is how teachers implement the curriculum in the classroom. Three constructs are believed to be influential in curriculum implementation: educational beliefs, pedagogical knowledge and perception of the curriculum. Earlier research suggests that there is a strong correlation between teachers' educational beliefs and instructional practices. These beliefs can be predictors of preferred strategies employed in the classroom. Secondly, teachers' pedagogical knowledge, that is the ability to apply theory and appropriate strategies associated with implementing and evaluating a curriculum, contributes to implementation. Thirdly, perception or how the curriculum itself is perceived also effects implementation. Each of these constructs has been examined independently, but never the interplay of the three. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the interplay of teachers' educational beliefs, pedagogical content knowledge and perceptions of a science curriculum with respect to how these influence curriculum implementation. This was accomplished by investigating the emerging themes that evolved from classroom observations, transcripts from interview and supplementary data. Five high school biology teachers in an urban school system were observed for ten months for correspondence of teaching strategies to the curriculum. Teachers were interviewed formally and informally about their perceptions of science teaching, learning and the curriculum. Supplementary material such as lesson plans, course syllabus and notes from classroom observations were collected and analyzed. Data were transcribed and analyzed for recurring themes using a thematic matrix. A theoretical model was developed from the emerging themes and sub-themes that attempts to explain how teachers begin with an intended curriculum but digress to the actual curriculum. The results of this study were consistent with previous research on teachers' beliefs and pedagogy but also revealed a new model to explain the interaction of the three constructs. Each instructor held individual beliefs about science, science teaching and pedagogy. However, there was some commonality with teachers' beliefs, pedagogy and perceptions that impacted the implementation of the curriculum. It is the interplay of teachers' educational beliefs, pedagogical content knowledge and perceptions of the curriculum that determines what is taught and instructional strategies used to teach a concept.

  10. Reforming and Restructuring Education. UCEA Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendel, Frederick C., Ed.

    This booklet contains four selected conference papers on educational reform and restructuring. In "Can Rational Organization Models Really Reform Anything? A Case Study of Reform in Chicago," Fenwick English describes reform efforts in the Chicago Public Schools and examines the political, social, organizational, and bureaucratic factors that have…

  11. Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajak, Edward F.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing a…

  12. EIA: Educational Reform or Repression?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monteith, Dianne S.

    A recent study (Cook, 1989) involving 58 randomly selected South Carolina elementary schools indicated that none of these schools could be characterized as having an "open climate." This paper suggests that this situation may have its origins in the educational reform movement of the 1980s, first ignited by the publication of "A Nation at Risk"…

  13. Higher Education Reform in Romania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisemon, Thomas Owen; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Discussion of Romania's higher education looks at the crisis since 1989 and government strategies for revitalization, including expanded access, increases in social science enrollments, spontaneous establishment of private institutions, and the problems of limited resources. Comprehensive reform of the state's role in financing and governance is…

  14. Group Polarization and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, David; Magdaleno, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Although educational leaders may be optimistic about initiating change, lasting reforms are rare. The group polarization literature, although dated, provides an important explanation for a very current problem. The theory holds that when there are differences of opinion to begin with, a counter-conformity effect works among members of groups.…

  15. Lists in Reading Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloome, David; Carter, Stephanie Power

    2001-01-01

    Discusses six dimensions for analyzing lists used in reading education reform documents (type of list, nominalization, exclusivity and inclusivity, transivity, reading content, and intertextuality), explaining that lists frame who a good reader/good reading teacher is, what they do, and how they behave in particular institutional contexts. This…

  16. Education Reforms in Malaysia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yunus, Aida Suraya Muhammad

    Malaysia's agenda in the late 1990s involved making the transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge-based economy. Thus, the more traditional purpose of education, that is, to produce an educated person, needs to be reevaluated. If the nation's Vision 2020 is to become a reality, the educational program needs to make a fundamental shift…

  17. The 1987 Junior Secondary-School Reform in Ghana: Vocational or Pre-Vocational in Nature?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osei, George M.

    2004-01-01

    The secondary-education system in Ghana was reorganised in the early 1980s. The present study addresses one part of this reform: the attempt to introduce a more vocationally oriented curriculum in junior secondary schools. The findings on which this study is based are drawn from interviews at several levels as well as from documentary analysis and…

  18. Challenges to Reform: Botswana Junior Secondary School Science Teachers' Perceptions of the Development Functions of Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingbroek, Barend

    1998-01-01

    When surveyed concerning their views on science education's development functions, Botswana junior-level science teachers reported mediocre performance for socioeconomic developmental functions over the past decade. The system seems to work well at combatting the HIV/AIDS virus, preparing students for further study, and instilling some

  19. Challenges to Reform: Botswana Junior Secondary School Science Teachers' Perceptions of the Development Functions of Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingbroek, Barend

    1998-01-01

    When surveyed concerning their views on science education's development functions, Botswana junior-level science teachers reported mediocre performance for socioeconomic developmental functions over the past decade. The system seems to work well at combatting the HIV/AIDS virus, preparing students for further study, and instilling some…

  20. Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, Corrie

    2008-01-01

    Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

  1. Caught between Fantasy and Reality: Confucian Values and Dilemmas of Education Reform Confronting Hong Kong's Secondary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tam, Frank Wai-Ming; Lai, Manhong; Lam, Ka-Ka

    2007-01-01

    In Chinese society, there are two Confucian teachings that have become guiding values for many teachers and have had profound influence on their educational practices for nearly 2,500 years. These values are "yin cai shi jiao" and "you jiao wu lei." The direct translation of yin cai shi jiao is "to carry out teaching based on the material." The…

  2. Educational Reform and Renewal in Contemporary Spain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brickman, William W.

    This study is one of a series of Office of Education publications on educational developments in other countries. It describes and analyzes in social, economic, and historical context the educational changes mandated in Spain by the Education Reform Law of 1970, one of contemporary Europe's most far-reaching plans for educational reform and…

  3. Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…

  4. The Standardization of American Schooling: Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanOverbeke, Marc A.

    2008-01-01

    This book explores the efforts of educational reformers who sought to link secondary and higher education in the decades after 1870. Through various state, regional, and national initiatives, these reformers created a hierarchical system, laid the foundation for a growing standardization in education, and influenced who would have access to

  5. The Standardization of American Schooling: Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanOverbeke, Marc A.

    2008-01-01

    This book explores the efforts of educational reformers who sought to link secondary and higher education in the decades after 1870. Through various state, regional, and national initiatives, these reformers created a hierarchical system, laid the foundation for a growing standardization in education, and influenced who would have access to…

  6. Reforming Reforms: Changing Incentives in Education Finance in Vermont

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Stephen J.; Scott, Karen

    2006-01-01

    In 1997, Vermont passed Act 60, which reformed its education finance system to achieve greater equality of spending. The reform encouraged wealthy towns to reduce spending; it was politically unpopular and was replaced, in 2004, by Act 68. We analyze the spending incentives created by the two acts and estimate the effects the change will have on…

  7. Politics and Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brademas, John

    1986-01-01

    It is suggested that the politics of the Reagan Administration regarding education threaten Americans' individual freedoms, prospects for a stronger and more competitive economy, and the U.S. security in a dangerous world. (Author/MSE)

  8. The Challenges of Educational Reform in Modern-Day Peru

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Jane; Lammert, Jill

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine a nationwide effort of educational reform in Peru. Specifically, the authors take a close look at the nation's efforts to change secondary education through the implementation of a 2-year postsecondary learning opportunity called the "bachillerato." First, the authors briefly present the contextual…

  9. The Challenges of Educational Reform in Modern-Day Peru

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Jane; Lammert, Jill

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine a nationwide effort of educational reform in Peru. Specifically, the authors take a close look at the nation's efforts to change secondary education through the implementation of a 2-year postsecondary learning opportunity called the "bachillerato." First, the authors briefly present the contextual

  10. Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

    2007-01-01

    The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

  11. Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

    2007-01-01

    The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact

  12. Utah's Educational Reform Programs, 1991-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

    In November 1983, the Utah Education Reform Steering Committee issued the report "Education in Utah: A Call to Action." To meet Utah's double challenge of rapid growth and quality enhancement, the report stated that Utah needed to: (1) increase the allocation of financial resources to education; (2) demand reforms in many aspects of education; and…

  13. Reforming Science and Mathematics Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-09-01

    Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take, for example, the various SSI's statements of "good educational practice." Most SSI's began their initiatives by establishing clear goals for what students should know and be able to do, reflecting the emergence of a national consensus for broad standards for just about every aspect of the educational process. The concerned persons in each SSI--policy-makers, educators, mathematicians, and scientists--have not necessarily reached the same conclusions about what children should learn or even what efforts are needed to put the necessary changes in place, but they are focused on common goals as expressed locally. The recent national dialogues about goals and standards have provided the basis for a remarkably consistent image of what states--at least the SSI states--consider good educational practice. The differences that do occur across states reflect variations in demographics, geography, resources, values, and educational structure. All the states with SSI's, regardless of their primary strategy, have address the professional development of teachers. Collectively, the SSI's reported that professional development services were provided to more than 50,000 teachers during the past year, which is approximately eight percent of the public school teachers in the participating states. The number of teachers participating varied by grade level and subject matter. Some states, for example, reported reaching more than one in every five middle-school mathematics teachers, but only one in every 20 high-school mathematics teachers. Focusing SSI resources on the professional development of classroom teachers implies changing their skill levels, knowledge, and beliefs. Attitudes and perceptions of administrators also changed in the process. The challenge lies in developing a strategy that provides on-going, in-depth professional development that reaches a significant portion of those who teach mathematics and the sciences. Not only must an effective development model(s), be provided, the infrastructure to accommodate all teachers must be created as well. Most states' strategies include building statewide capacity for professional development beyond the opportunities sponsored directly by the SSI's. Three factors are explicitly recognized: (1) the SSI's do not have the resources to reach all teachers in most states, (2) the SSI's funding will eventually run out, and (3) the need for professional development will be on-going. Some states have developed regional centers to serve the on-going professional development needs of teachers. Another capacity-building strategy involves the use of technology to support teachers' efforts to change their practices. New non-governmental organizations are also playing key leadership roles in a number of states. Such organizations are of particular interest because they have the potential to build broad-based, bipartisan support that can sustain the SSI vision and its activities across electoral cycles. One of the central tenets of systematic reform is the alignment of the myriad of public policies governing the educational enterprise, from teacher credentiality to student assessment to textbook adoption, with the new goals and standards. In localities where the revision of state policies is simply not considered a fruitful strategy, strong traditions of local control are to be found. Some SSI's are working to improve the preparation of teachers. A common strategy has been to issue a request for proposals (RFP) to institutions for higher education to design and implement innovative pre-service teacher education programs. Scientists and mathematicians can have an enormous impact on this aspect of the SSI's mission, by becoming intimately involved in the development of courses that are meaningful for would-be teachers. This is the area where scientists and mathematicians can leverage their technical knowledge and skills to help educate teachers. Creating and sustaining a coalition of groups powerful enough to launch fundamental reforms in public education is challenging. The coalition must be able to reach consensus on a vision of reform and, then, sustain the reform over an extended period of time. This is not easy when power and authority are highly fragmented (and perhaps at odds), where interest groups live or die on confromtation politics, when public and private sectors exhibit a basic distrust of one another, and when everyone is an expert--real or imagined--on topics more-or-less related to education. In addition, the SSI's are operating in a turbulent climate. Policy makers may be working on standards-based reforms in K-12 education at the same time they are seeking efficiencies in state government, consider deregulation, and experiment with integrated social services. Criminal justice, health, and welfare are competing in state capitols for the resources required to bring about education reforms. And, within this shifting policy landscape, the SSI's are seeking higher priority for mathematics and science, as well as attempting to develop the infrastructure and capacity to support change in the schools. Simply keeping mathematics and science education high on the agenda of state policy-makers is a challenge. Each of these component strategies of the SSI's is important. The critical question is whether, in a given state, the SSI strategies, when combined with other state reform initiatives, form a coherent, comprehensive plan for improving public education. While the oldest of the SSI's are only in their fourth year of activity, it is already clear that the reforms they are seeking will take longer than five years to accomplish. (The SSI's are supported by five-year grants from the NSF.) The instructional reforms advocated by the SSI's require time to implement, and once in place, additional time to produce results. Elected officials often focus on the short-term, and they can become impatient when the results are slow. There appears to be no ready solution to the conflict between the long-run agendas of school reforms and the short-term needs of legislators. This is clearly a race for long-distance runners.

  14. Technological Change & Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, John O.

    This paper discusses technological change and its impact upon society and the educational system. Part I discusses the role of advanced and advancing technologies such as microelectronics and the impact they have had in society and their potential for increasing productivity and economic competitiveness. The section goes on to highlight some of…

  15. Double-Shift Secondary Schools: Possibilities and Issues. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linden, Toby

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  16. General Education Reform: Opportunities for Institutional Alignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuess, Scott M., Jr.; Mitchell, Nancy D.

    2011-01-01

    General education reform provides strategic opportunities for departments. This article analyzes reform at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, illustrating how departments could use the reform process to clarify their strategic planning, align with institutional goals, and steer the university closer to departmental objectives. (Contains 1 table.)

  17. Every Child a Winner! A Proposal for a Legislative Action Plan for Systemic Reform of Massachusetts' Public Primary and Secondary Education System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Business for Education, Worcester.

    Impressed with the vital importance of an effective public education system to the future of the Commonwealth, a group of involved business activists formed the Massachusetts Business Alliance for Education (MBAE) in 1988. The purpose of the MBAE was to help bring about systematic improvement of Massachusetts' elementary and secondary education…

  18. Reforming Primary and Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: An IDB Strategy. Sustainable Development Department Sector Strategy and Policy Papers Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Claudio de Moura; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Wolff, Laurence; Carnoy, Martin

    This report summarizes what is known about educational improvement in Latin America and provides objectives and strategies to guide the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in supporting primary and secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean over the next decade. It is based on six background papers as well as a review of the lessons…

  19. Introduction to "The Politics of Educational Reforms"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apple, Michael W.

    2016-01-01

    It has become increasingly clear that education is a site of conflict. This essay examines the ideological positions that now dominate educational reforms and suggests a number of roles that critically democratic educators should play in confronting these reforms. It then details the contributions that the authors included in this special issue…

  20. Context of Educational Reforms Then and Now

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedere, Mohottige Upali

    2005-01-01

    Dr. C.W.W. Kannangara is identified by all Sri Lankans as the father of Free Education. He was the architect of the 1944 educational reforms in Sri Lanka which opened the doors of education for all and Sri Lanka has progressed well since then. Today after six decades, the context of 1944 reforms is much changed, yet Sri Lanka continues to provide…

  1. What Educational Reform Means: Lessons from Teachers, Research and Policy Working Together for Student Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Airini; McNaughton, Stuart; Langley, John; Sauni, Pale

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes education reform projects designed to bring about major improvements in school and tertiary student outcomes. Individually the projects illustrate characteristics of educational reform in local contexts for primary, secondary and tertiary education. In combination they signal key components essential to getting large scale…

  2. Secondary Education in Austria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aigner, Helmut

    This booklet provides a brief description of secondary education in Austria. The publication is part of a series that seeks to make the public aware of the education systems and traditions in all signatory states to the European Cultural Convention and to outline the essential problems these systems presently are facing. This short booklet…

  3. Public Service Reform in Education: Why Is Progress so Slow?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    This case study examines why public-sector reform in education often fails to deliver expected performance gains. Longitudinal evidence from a secondary comprehensive located in a former coalfield is used to identify constraints that frustrate government policies. Although the head and senior staff at Norcross School adopted transformational,

  4. Public Service Reform in Education: Why Is Progress so Slow?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    This case study examines why public-sector reform in education often fails to deliver expected performance gains. Longitudinal evidence from a secondary comprehensive located in a former coalfield is used to identify constraints that frustrate government policies. Although the head and senior staff at Norcross School adopted transformational,…

  5. Guidelines for the Reform of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marga, Andrei

    1999-01-01

    Presents guidelines for the reform of education in Romania, a reform that is designed to bring Romanian education at all levels into line with western European practice. Romanian universities are moving from a policy of extensive development that was predominantly reparatory to a policy of scientific performance having an impact on society and…

  6. Curriculum Reform and the Displacement of Knowledge in Peruvian Rural Secondary Schools: Exploring the Unintended Local Consequences of Global Education Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balarin, Maria; Benavides, Martin

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws attention to processes of policy implementation in developing contexts, and to the unintended consequences of education policies that follow international policy scripts without enough consideration of local histories and cultures. Drawing on a study of teaching practices in Peruvian rural secondary schools after a period of…

  7. "Heavy Fog in the Channel--Continent Cut Off": Reform of Upper-Secondary Education from the Perspective of English Exceptionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgson, Ann; Spours, Ken

    2014-01-01

    Recent international studies in upper-secondary education (USE) have highlighted the importance and complexities of this phase as it becomes a more universal experience. Here the authors examine recent trends in USE to provide a context for discussion of the English system, which has been moving from a "linked" to a more…

  8. Curriculum Reform and the Displacement of Knowledge in Peruvian Rural Secondary Schools: Exploring the Unintended Local Consequences of Global Education Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balarin, Maria; Benavides, Martin

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws attention to processes of policy implementation in developing contexts, and to the unintended consequences of education policies that follow international policy scripts without enough consideration of local histories and cultures. Drawing on a study of teaching practices in Peruvian rural secondary schools after a period of

  9. Education Reform and Career Education--Deja Vu.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stock, Barbara

    1984-01-01

    The current outcry for educational reform raises issues that have already long concerned career education. This situation gives career educators the opportunity to provide leadership in attaining common educational goals. (JB)

  10. Policy Formation and Implementation in Secondary Education Reform: The Case of Chile at the Turn of the Century. Education Working Paper Series. Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Cristian

    2006-01-01

    The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…

  11. Secondary Education in Romania: Overall View and Research Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birzea, Cesar

    1993-01-01

    Describes current reform efforts in Romania and identifies 11 types of secondary schools determined by vocational goals. Discusses eight objectives for innovation and research, including curriculum reform, the relationship between general and vocational education, student assessment, and decentralization of decision making. (CFR)

  12. Technology for Empowering or Subjugating Teachers: Analysis of Ethiopia's Education Reform Discourse Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birbirso, Dereje Tadesse

    2013-01-01

    In the wake of national educational reform, the author discovered a secondary education style where all students were taught through centrally aired TV-lessons beaming from a studio in the capital city. In order to understand the motive behind the reform and its impacts on teaching, the author collected qualitative data for critical analysis.…

  13. Reel Reform: Documentaries Spur Debate about Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurley, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Three new American documentaries including "Waiting for Superman," "The Lottery, Race to Nowhere" and one British entry, "We are the People We've Been Waiting For," have animated school reform debates. Each of these documentaries seeks to disturb the entrenched thinking by claiming that our educational institutions are suffering from a malaise…

  14. Educational Reform and Power Struggles in Romania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birzea, Cesar

    1996-01-01

    A discussion of educational reform in Central and Eastern Europe in general, and Romania in particular, suggests four distinct reform stages: destructuring (1990); stabilization (1991-92); restructuring (1993-95); and counterreform (after 1993). Political, social, and economic attitudes and actions characterizing these stages are examined. (MSE)

  15. Teacher Management and Educational Reforms: Paradigm Shifts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yin Cheong

    2009-01-01

    In the past 15 years, numerous reforms and initiatives in many countries in the Asia-Pacific region have aimed to change education and promote new learning to prepare the new generation for the future. Unfortunately, despite good intentions and huge investments of resources, many of these reforms have been found to be ineffective and…

  16. Higher Education Reform in the Balkans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Anthony W.

    2004-01-01

    Struggling economies, outdated academic cultural traditions, and obsolete organizational structures are among the problems facing higher education reformers in the Balkans today. Change comes hard there despite difficult financial circumstances that elsewhere might provide the impetus for reform. Yet governmental and university leaders are finding…

  17. Redesigning Teacher Salary Systems for Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firestone, William A.

    1994-01-01

    How changes in teacher pay can contribute to systemic educational reform and school restructuring is discussed, focusing on knowledge- and skill-based pay, job enlargement, and collective incentives. These alternatives have the potential to improve teacher motivation and support other reforms. (SLD)

  18. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Lithuania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Lithuania is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  19. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Estonia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Estonia is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  20. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Romania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Romania is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  1. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Latvia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Latvia is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  2. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Poland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Poland is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  3. The Straight A Plan for Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    This report chronicles the work and recommendations of a coalition of educational, public, and private organizations known as the Grand Rapids Education Reform Initiative. Based on research showing that education in the public schools of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was in a state of crisis, the initiative set out to improve education throughout the…

  4. Can We Pay for Current Education Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odden, Allan

    2012-01-01

    For more than 30 years, the United States has been engaged in education reform efforts designed to dramatically boost student performance and close achievement gaps linked to poverty and ethnicity. Can schools afford those education ambitions? Most educators have their doubts. The author believes educators can improve student learning even when…

  5. Teacher Education Reform and Challenges in Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munthe, Elaine; Malmo, Kari-Anne Svensen; Rogne, Magne

    2011-01-01

    Teacher education in Norway is nationally regulated and is currently undergoing extensive changes. This paper briefly outlines the various education routes for teachers and some of the ongoing work to improve teacher education, but concentrates mainly on the reform that has come the farthest: initial teacher education for grades 1-7 and grades…

  6. Educational Reforms and Innovations in Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…

  7. Systemic Education Reform. ERIC Digest, Number 90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, James

    Economic forces and educational equity issues have combined to heighten calls for improved education for all students. Systemic reform calls for education to be reconceptualized from the ground up, beginning with the nature of teaching and learning, educational relationships, and school-community relationships. One of the assumptions made by…

  8. Physical Education Curriculum Reform in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yli-Piipari, Sami

    2014-01-01

    The Finnish education system has received worldwide attention due to the top academic performance of Finnish school students. Physical education, as an integral part of the Finnish education curriculum, potentially contributes to the overall success. The purpose of this article is to summarize Finnish physical education reform during the past…

  9. Education Reform and Students At Risk. Volume I: Findings and Recommendations. Studies of Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossi, Robert J.; Stringfield, Samuel C.

    Despite the widespread attention given to education reform, no substantial knowledge base has existed for identifying and implementing specific effective reforms. This document, the first of three volumes, presents findings of a study that sought to identify the essential mechanics of effective reforms for students at risk. The study also…

  10. Hydrogen plant expansion using oxygen secondary reforming

    SciTech Connect

    Snyder, G.D.; Wang, S.I.

    1986-01-01

    As crude oil feedstocks become heavier and more sour, the H/sub 2/ demands of a refinery increase. Heavier sour crudes require more H/sub 2/ for hydrodesulfurization, hydrocracking and hydrotreating to produce the lighter, high quality products currently in demand. In most cases, this additional H/sub 2/ requirement is satisfied by the generation of on purpose H/sub 2/. The on purpose H/sub 2/ demand is typically satisfied by steam methane reforming (SMR). The conventional SMR process, utilizing shift, CO/sub 2/ removal, and methanation for H/sub 2/ purification, can produce 90 to 98% pure H/sub 2/ at 150 to 400 psig at an energy efficiency of 410 Btu (HHV)/SCF H/sub 2/. An SMR process employing shift and pressure swing adsorption (PSA) for H/sub 2/ purification can produce H/sub 2/ at a purity up to 99.999% and an energy efficiency of 390 Btu (HHV)/SCF H/sub 2/. Two options available for satisfying an increased on purpose H/sub 2/ demand are the addition of a new SMR plant and the debottlenecking of an existing SMR. A new SMR plant is the most capital-intensive means of expanding H/sub 2/ capacity.

  11. Reform of Preservice Teacher Education: Doomed to Failure?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Richard J.; Cruz, Josue, Jr.

    1998-01-01

    Reform of teacher education involves reformulation and reconceptualization, not a simple patch-up. Reform means moving away from the college-of-education, research-driven approach to the closer-to-the-source public schools. Reform-minded people must pursue long-term solutions, concentrate on reforming university-based teacher educators, and…

  12. Rural Education Reform: The Consultation Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulcahy, Dennis M.

    On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…

  13. Currents of Reform in Preservice Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeichner, Ken, Ed.; And Others

    This book provides an analysis of efforts to improve the education of preservice teachers and of the limitations of contemporary teacher education reform proposals. Following Chapter 1, "Introduction" (Ken Zeichner), the book is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Regulation and Standards in Teacher Education," consists of four chapters: (2)…

  14. The Far Side of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    "Teachers are at the far end of educational reform." Apart from students and parents, they are often the very last to be consulted about and connected to agendas of what changes are needed in education, and of how those changes should be managed. Educational change is something that government departments, venture philanthropists,…

  15. Returning to Education Reform. Issue Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenawalt, Charles E., II

    With the failure of the Pennsylvania General Assembly to adopt the governor's education reform package, the time is opportune to review the major problems with education in Pennsylvania and some actions that would relieve these problems. The main symptom of education problems, in Pennsylvania as in the nation as a whole, is weak academic…

  16. Systemic Reform Concerning Resilience in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Joel H.

    2001-01-01

    From a systemic reform perspective, this article examines risk and resilience research and its application in education, describing: application of the risk-factor model and its effects in education; resilience research and its educational application as a novel alternative to risk-based approaches; and how socio-political adherence to the…

  17. Revolutionary Educational Reform Efforts in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulston, Rolland G.

    1975-01-01

    The author briefly examines how educational reform attempts in Cuba since 1959 have taken place and how they have been related to social, economic, and political change efforts in the society at large. The Cuban educational system makes a significant contrast against the failure which characterizes the other Latin American educational systems.…

  18. Science Education Reform and the Education Programs of the APS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Ramon

    1998-11-01

    Science education in America is undergoing its greatest period of change since attempt at large-scale reforms in the 60s and 70s. APS members strongly believe that the APS should be involved in precollege science education reform, and the recent membership survey ranked this as the highest priority item for the APS. At the same time, many members are unaware of APS education initiatives. In this talk I will provide an overview of science education reform in the US today. I will then describe APS efforts to support reform in school systems around the country, as well as other APS education programs. APS members have played an active role in all of these programs. If science education reform is to succeed and make a lasting change in schools, the scientific community must be informed and engaged.

  19. Reform of general education and vocational training in the U.S.S.R.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spearman, M. L.

    1986-01-01

    Extensive school reform measures were initiated in the U.S.S.R. in 1984. The essence of the reform is to improve the quality of instruction, improve the content of education, strengthen the Marxist-Leninist world view, and ensure that all secondary school graduates master an occupation.

  20. Decentralization and Educational Reform in Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Lawrence C.

    In 1973 Florida embarked on an ambitious adventure to improve the quality of public education by decentralizing many aspects of educational decision-making to the school site. The strategy incorporated a comprehensive reform of the state's school finance system, the development of a management information and accounting system, requirements for…

  1. On the Reform of Russian Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mironov, V. V.

    2013-01-01

    The "modernization" of Russian education is linked to the functioning of the entire social system of Russia, and reforms are proving difficult and contradictory. The use of the Unified State Examination in Russia, plus participation in the Bologna process, is causing concern about the ability of education to meet the needs of the

  2. Cooperative Learning for Educational Reform in Armenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hovhannisyan, Aleksan; Sahlberg, Pasi

    2010-01-01

    Armenia is in the midst of major educational reforms in which teacher professional development is a key component. Much of the energy devoted to developing education in Armenia is targeted towards enhancing student-centred teaching, especially cooperative learning. This has become a significant challenge for many schools and teachers as they cope…

  3. A Comparative Analysis of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Edward H.

    There are common threads that can be identified in the current wave of educational reform activities in many societies (Soviet Union, United States, United Kingdom, People's Republic of China, Spain, West Germany, France, and Japan). The first of these common themes is the need to refocus the educational system so that it can perform more…

  4. Comprehensive Reform and American Indian Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beaulieu, David L.

    2000-01-01

    Our national focus on school improvement and its relationship to employment is too narrow for American Indian education. School reform strategies must address the linguistic and sociocultural uniqueness of American Indian learners. Native communities and tribes must partner with schools, guiding education from an Indian perspective and creating a…

  5. Reforming Science Education. Social Perspectives & Personal Reflections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    Science education reform is an ongoing process. In recent years many have begun to look not only to teachers for change, but they are also insisting on the involvement of administrators, parents, community members, and some business organizations to bring about this change. This book presents facts and insights regarding science education reform…

  6. Educational Reforms, Cultural Clashes and Classroom Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan; Silver, Rita Elaine

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional…

  7. Postsecondary Education Reform in Kentucky. Issue Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rabuzzi, Daniel A.; Carson, Ron

    As governors and states seek to improve the responsiveness of postsecondary education, Kentucky's experience provides a powerful example of a systemic reform strategy. In 1997, Kentucky's governor proposed, and the General Assembly approved, the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act (House Bill 1), which reshaped the state system of public…

  8. Evaluating Educational Reform: An International Casebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulston, Rolland G.

    Over 400 references relating to the theory and practice of educational reform in developed and developing nations comprise this annotated bibliography. Three objectives are to (1) provide a compilation of the literature on national educational change efforts; (2) stimulate nonbiased inquiry into causes, processes, and outcomes of educational…

  9. Reforma Educativa: Proyecto de Reforma Educativa para Francia (Educational Reform: French Educational Reform Proposals).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langevin, Paul

    This document is a Spanish translation of French educational reform proposals and general educational philosophy. Initial remarks in the document concern educational objectives and general aims of the particular educational levels. Different, possible, educational progressions are considered, and the university system is discussed. Teacher…

  10. Traversing the educational ladder: Perspectives on science curriculum reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salyer, Barbara Ann

    1998-12-01

    The purpose of this interpretive study was to unravel some of the complexity of science curriculum reform by tracing the natural history of the initiation of planned change viewed from the perspectives of practitioners and policymakers. The study captures the experiences, beliefs, and perceptions of key stakeholders in one school district in Texas and in the state education agency as they encounter, negotiate, and work with a radically different approach to the secondary science curriculum. Incorporating ideas from national reform efforts, such as Project 2061 and Scope, Sequence, and Coordination of Secondary School Science, the new approach called Coordinated Thematic Science (CTS) would offer a four-year course of study in grades seven through ten, integrating the major science disciplines with a thematic approach. Three sources of data were collected, described, and analyzed in the study: in-depth interviews, document analyses, and field notes. Nine factors related to the initiation and implementation of change, derived inductively from the data, were identified and described for each of the participants from the different stakeholder groups studied. These groups included middle school science teachers, high school science teachers, middle school principals, district office staff members, and state education agency staff members. Results are presented both in the form of descriptive text and in data displays constructed around the nine key factors for each stakeholder group. The results are interpreted against the historical account of the origins and development of CTS and related to the literature on educational change. Stakeholder perspectives on the reform were complex and often idiosyncratic. Two factors, belief that the curriculum needs to be reformed and beliefs about the effects of the proposed reform on students, showed the widest variations in perceptions across the five stakeholder groups. Teachers' personal concerns about their science backgrounds, lack of information about the new approach, and lack of communication within and across schools posed serious barriers to the success of the reform. The fact that there were widely different perceptions among stakeholders in a single district poses challenges both to curriculum reform in science and to the idea of systemic reform in education.

  11. Misrecognition and Science Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandt, Carol B.

    2012-01-01

    In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

  12. Tax Reform and Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franck, Gail

    1987-01-01

    The effect of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 on college and university revenues and expenditures is reviewed. Institutional revenues are derived primarily from five sources: tuition, charitable contributions, debt financing, endowment income, and governmental appropriations. The effect of the new law on family and student income, savings, student

  13. Reforming the Educational Administration Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miklos, Erwin

    This paper discusses the conceptual reform of university-based graduate level administrator preparation programs. The functionalist, interpretative, and critical approaches to social science have important implications for the study of motivation, decision-making, communication and leadership. Interpretative and critical approaches must be woven…

  14. Global Citizenship and National (Re)formations: Analysis of Citizenship Education Reform in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Laura C.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, many European education systems have embarked on a process of education policy and curriculum reform related to citizenship education. This article explores citizenship education reform in the context of Spain. It considers how and to what extent Spain's 2006 citizenship education addressed issues of national and global…

  15. Global Citizenship and National (Re)formations: Analysis of Citizenship Education Reform in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Laura C.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, many European education systems have embarked on a process of education policy and curriculum reform related to citizenship education. This article explores citizenship education reform in the context of Spain. It considers how and to what extent Spain's 2006 citizenship education addressed issues of national and global

  16. Reviews of National Policies for Education: Educational Reforms in Sweden.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    This report examines the successes and problems of educational reforms in Sweden. Examiners from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) collected data and information for the report from published and unpublished documents and from a two-week tour of the country. The reforms are judged by three main objectives: equality;

  17. Outline Guide to Educational Reform Initiatives. ERS Research Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

    Many educational reform initiatives are being tried in an effort to restructure the American school system. This guide compares major educational reform efforts by goal, vision, teaching and learning, and system components. The first section of the guide covers major systemic educational reform initiatives, including Accelerated Schools Project,

  18. The Progress of Globalization and Educational Reforms in East Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shimbo, Atsuko

    2009-01-01

    The symposium entitled "Social Changes in East Asia and Educational reforms: China, Korea, and Singapore" suggested that these countries are carrying out rather drastic educational reforms in the context of rapid social changes. The knowledge gained from the symposium also has important suggestions for Japanese educational reform. In addition, as…

  19. Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

    2010-01-01

    The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

  20. Building Interprofessional Frameworks Through Educational Reform

    PubMed Central

    Karim, Rahim

    2011-01-01

    The North American health care sector is being reformed to enhance collaboration among health care professionals to render patient care and improve outcomes. Changing educational frameworks will play a key role in achieving this goal. It is therefore important to gain an understanding of the application of interprofessional health care education and collaborative models of education. Chiropractic and other health care faculties would need to have an effective understanding and clarification of the characteristics of interprofessional care and its foundation in education from which appropriate educational and curricular models could be developed. PMID:21677871

  1. Equity in Education: Low Priority in the School Reform Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones-Wilson, Faustine C.

    1986-01-01

    The present call for excellence can be seen in previous cycles of educational reform. Recent reports and studies on reform lack a concern for equity. Concepts of equity, equality and excellence are discussed. Disadvantages for minorities in reform programs are pointed out. Alternative reforms are proposed to enhance equity for minorities and…

  2. Individualism, Collectivism, and Radical Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cagan, Elizabeth

    1978-01-01

    Suggesting that American ideas of individualism may be responsible for the failure of radical school reform, the author advocates fostering a collectivist character in children based on altruism, cooperation, and concern for others. She reviews literature on education in socialist nations and on experimental research and suggests activities for…

  3. Political Transformations and Higher Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozma, Tamas

    2008-01-01

    The Bologna process is a comprehensive concept for European higher education reforms of the 20th and 21st centuries. However, it means something else in Central European countries than it does in the rest of Europe. It has been combined in Central Europe with a major social change referred to as the "political transformation" (Johnson 1996).

  4. Teacher Learning: The Key to Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieberman, Ann; Pointer Mace, Desiree H.

    2008-01-01

    This letter to the next president of the United States recommends the transformation of teacher in-service learning as a powerful means of education reform. Too often, professional development is perceived by teachers as being idiosyncratic and irrelevant. The authors recommend a reconceptualization of professional learning for practicing…

  5. Education Reform Sparks Teacher Protest in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.

    2014-01-01

    The current tumult in the Mexican education arena has deep roots in politics and tradition, but it is latter-day global competition and international measures of student performance that are driving reform efforts. Teacher strikes and demonstrations are not new in Mexico, but issues raised by today's protesting teachers represent a…

  6. Reflections on the 1988 Education Reform Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FORUM: for promoting 3-19 comprehensive education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    For this 50th anniversary edition, "FORUM" invited a group of readers, many of whom were teaching 20 years ago, to reflect on the implications of the 1988 Education Reform Act from a personal viewpoint. The resulting symposium brings together a rich, unique and often candid collection of thoughts and reflections written from a wide variety of…

  7. Educational Reforms that Foster Ecological Intelligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, C. A.

    2010-01-01

    There are powerful forces of resistance that must be acknowledged when introducing educational reforms that foster ecological intelligence. The foremost source of resistance is the paradigm gap that now separates generations. That is, the vast majority of university professors, classroom teachers--and thus the general public that has been educated…

  8. The Improbability of Meaningful Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Edward

    1985-01-01

    Discusses implications of the current educational reform movement, which concentrate on improving the school's ability to increase economic productivity. The omission of discussion about helping individual students gain a modicum of control over their lives is related to the role schools play in a society where individualism has been subordinated…

  9. Technology and Reform-Based Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dani, Danielle E.; Koenig, Kathleen M.

    2008-01-01

    Current reforms in science education call for the integration of digital technologies into science teaching, advocating that students learn science content and processes through technology. In this article, we provide practical examples, situated within the literature, of how digital technologies can be used to support the development and…

  10. Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform. Appendices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Losen, Daniel J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the appendices included in the "Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform" report. Appended are: (1) Federal Data Requirements; (2) Maryland State Law Requiring Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support Program when suspension rates exceed a certain level; (3) The Act's provisions focused on training and development…

  11. Budget Reform to Improve Higher Education Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folger, John

    A national project designed to examine issues of budget reform and quality improvement in higher education is described. The focus is state-level budget practices and their impact on institutions. Most of the funding for quality improvement has been categorical: a small percent of the budget is set aside to achieve particular quality or…

  12. Education Reform Sparks Teacher Protest in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.

    2014-01-01

    The current tumult in the Mexican education arena has deep roots in politics and tradition, but it is latter-day global competition and international measures of student performance that are driving reform efforts. Teacher strikes and demonstrations are not new in Mexico, but issues raised by today's protesting teachers represent a

  13. Higher Education and University Reform in Brazil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Da Silva, Jadiel Vieira

    Certain aspects of three stages of development of the Brazilian higher education system are analyzed. The first stage starts in 1931 with the enactment of the so-called "Statutes of the Brazilian Universities." The beginning of the second stage is marked by the 1961 Law of Guidelines and Fundamentals that intended to reform the entire educational…

  14. Reforming Preservice Preparation Programs for Secondary and Postsecondary Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finch, Curtis; Kelly, Patricia; Heath-Camp, Betty; Harris, Jerilyn; Zimmerlin, Daniel; Aragon, Steven

    The 1990 Perkins Amendments and the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act encouraged high schools and community colleges to combine academic with vocational curriculum in a program that includes work-related applications and creates clearer pathways from secondary to postsecondary education. To ensure the readiness of educators, institutions that

  15. "Clear Educational Routes": An Example of Conservative Modernization in Swedish Upper Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loeb, Ingrid Henning; Wass, Karin Lumsden

    2015-01-01

    This article concerns the development of education for young students in Sweden who do not attend regular pathways in upper secondary education, and analyses the changes of educational policy and the organizing of teaching for this group of students. The centre of interest is the upper secondary educational reform carried out in 2011. With this…

  16. Millersville University Secondary Education PDS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcum-Dietrich, Nanette I.; Mahoney, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Millersville University of Pennsylvania (MU) has over 150 years of proud heritage in the preparation of teachers. This article describes how the Secondary Education Professional Development School (PDS) Program model has transformed Millersville University's secondary teacher education from a traditional teacher preparation program into a dynamic…

  17. Redefining Post-Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turpin, David H.

    2005-01-01

    For at least a brief period of time, the release of Bob Rae's review of post-secondary education in Ontario served to focus public attention on the importance of post-secondary education not only in Ontario, but across Canada. This article elaborates further on Rae's review which stresses the crucial importance of the higher studies and recommends…

  18. Preparing Preservice Secondary Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Johnston-Rodriguez, Sarah; Hartman, Paula; Kemp, Drew

    2013-01-01

    Through a mixed-methods study, teacher education faculty members investigated the implementation of a new block of courses and an associated secondary clinical experience designed to prepare preservice secondary special educators. Seventy-three preservice candidates (a) completed then-and-now surveys assessing their confidence implementing 25…

  19. The 1987 Junior secondary-school Reform in Ghana: Vocational or Pre-vocational in nature?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osei, George M.

    2004-11-01

    The secondary-education system in Ghana was reorganised in the early 1980s. The present study addresses one part of this reform: the attempt to introduce a more vocationally oriented curriculum in junior secondary schools. The findings on which this study is based are drawn from interviews at several levels as well as from documentary analysis and case studies. It is shown how planned changes were not clearly conceptualised and how a serious lack of communication has continued to exist between the various elements of the education system. Classroom observation also reveals that the ideas originally laid out in the National Education Policy - such as integrated approaches to subject matter, student involvement, and problem-oriented teaching methods -- have not been effectively implemented by teachers.

  20. Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

  1. La reforma educativa y las reformas a la administracion (Educational Reform and Reforms in Educational Administration).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El Maestro, Mexico, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1500 words) summarizing a report presented to the Eighth National Plenary Assembly of the National Technical Council for Education by the Mexican Academy of Education, a private association of teachers. It recommended the adoption of four basic educational administrative reforms by the…

  2. Transforming State Education Agencies To Support Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    David, Jane L.

    To answer the question of how to build the capacity of state and local educational systems to implement systemic reform, the National Governors' Association (NGA) convened two meetings of educators and policymakers and commissioned three supporting papers from knowledgeable educators. This volume contains an overview report of the conferences and…

  3. Moral Education and Values Education in Curriculum Reform in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiaoman, Zhu

    2006-01-01

    In the new curriculum reform in China, moral education and values education have been defined from the angles of the integrity and conformity of curriculum functions. Accordingly, a new education concept based on complete/integral curriculum functions is established. By discussing the essences of the curriculum, the basis of moral and values…

  4. Secondary Education in Luxembourg. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Jeannot

    This book presents a systematic and coherent exposition of the educational structure of Luxembourg, and also outlines the essential problems the system faces. The text opens with the social and political context of education in the country, which is followed by a description of the different types of secondary education. Some of the specific…

  5. International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 4, Educational Reform in International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Val D., Ed.; Yogev, Abraham, Ed.

    National educational reform must be interpreted from a broader sociopolitical vantage point. Following the introduction, "The Change Process and Educational Reform" by Val D. Rust, the four papers in part 1 are devoted primarily to conceptual issues related to educational reform. They include: (1) "Problems of Educational Reforms in a Changing…

  6. The Heart of the Matter: Teacher Educators and Teacher Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.

    This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…

  7. Staying on Course in Education Reform. Policy Information Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton, Paul E.

    This report reviews the experience of the last couple of decades in education reform and the use of standardized testing during that time. It tells of success and achievement and of missteps and problems in the implementation of all the elements of standards-based reform. The report suggests that getting education reform on course involves the…

  8. Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotberg, Iris C., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    In Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform, Rotberg brings together examples of current education reforms in sixteen countries, written by "insiders". This book goes beyond myths and stereotypes and describes the difficult trade-offs countries make as they attempt to implement reforms in the context of societal and global change.…

  9. Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotberg, Iris C., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    In Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform, Rotberg brings together examples of current education reforms in sixteen countries, written by "insiders". This book goes beyond myths and stereotypes and describes the difficult trade-offs countries make as they attempt to implement reforms in the context of societal and global change.

  10. The New Zealand State and Educational Reforms: "Competing" Interests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Liz

    1992-01-01

    Describes market reforms in New Zealand education from 1984 when the Labour government had control, to the present system under the National government. Prior to reforms, New Zealand had an equitable homogeneous system. Reforms have led to inequality, particularly to the disadvantage of Maori people, and may have lowered educational standards. (KS)

  11. The Results of the New Hampshire Education Funding Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottlob, Brian J.

    This report highlights research that examined education finance data for the 1998-99 school year, the year prior to the introduction of finance reforms in New Hampshire, and the 1999-00 to 2001-02 school years, the 3 years following the introduction of reform. Following are some of the conclusions about New Hampshire's education finance reform.…

  12. Crafting an Education Reform Agenda through Economic Stimulus Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Weatherford, M. Stephen

    2011-01-01

    The economic stimulus enacted during President Obama's initial weeks included a down payment on his ambitious education reform agenda. By combining short-term policy with reform, the strategy gained his administration three advantages: a discretionary funding source with little Congressional scrutiny; flexibility in pursuing education reform goals…

  13. School Accountability Reforms and the Use of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iversen, Jon Marius Vaag

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between Norwegian school reform implementation and the use of special education. After the introduction of the national reform programme called the "Kunnskapsloftet" ("Knowledge promotion") in 2006, the use of special education has increased dramatically in Norway. As part of the national reform, municipalities…

  14. Educating for the Future: The Effects of Some Recent Legislation on Secondary Vocational Education. State-of-the-Art Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferqueron, Margaret

    Many states have mandated two possibly far-reaching legislative reforms within secondary vocational education: minimum competency requirements and increased course requirements for graduation. Most legislated educational reforms include only selected aspects of competency-based systems, primarily the specification of and testing for minimum

  15. Education Reform as it Relates to Science Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elliott, R. J.

    2005-05-01

    Four decades of educational reform efforts from the nineteen sixties have not significantly improved our schools. It is believed that in the equation of educational reform, leadership and power in educational reform have mitigated against educational reform through the misapplicaiton of examination and accountability. A major subset of the field on public administration is accountability. Accountability is widely used in government although the concept is loosely defined. Most often it is used to express public frustration, to call for control, and to transmit a range of political agendas. Any accountability framework originates from the American model of shared powers between independent governmental bodies. It allows for institutions to depend on and accommodate other institutions. Accountability assumes that individuals or agencies may hold accountable for their performance. This assumes that there is a unidirectional flow of power and influence between a controlling partner and a controlled partner. This assumption is false. Individual administrators are exposed to the authority and persuasion within a democratic framework. Educators are also confronted with control mechanisms that are rooted in the organizational and professional standards and disciplinary standards regardless of whether any democratic controls are evoked. Accountability relationships have the potential to become quite complicated. Performance evaluation is significant to every accountability relationship. In the public sector, the citizens hold government accountable and the idea of performance evaluation is relative at best, however, in education the use of examination for accountability allows for the misapplication of the exam and affects education reform in negative ways.

  16. Reforming Doctoral Education in Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitusikova, Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    Doctoral education in Europe has been undergoing a major transformation in the last decade. This transformation has occurred in response to several challenges: the changing nature of the labor market in the globalized economy; the European Union's common agenda in research and education, which seeks to make Europe the most competitive…

  17. Assessing Educational Reform: Illinois Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Connie; Ramirez, Al

    Findings from a study of Illinois' educational evaluation process, in which external evaluators conduct the evaluation, are presented in this paper. Methodology involved analysis by State Board of Education staff of requests for proposals (RFPs); these were mailed to 121 potential bidders for external evaluation. Bidders included universities,…

  18. Educational Reform and Class Conflict.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnoy, Martin; Levin, Henry M.

    1986-01-01

    Argues that analyses of education which assume a direct relation between the system of production and school operation typically overlook the state's sponsorship of schooling. Describes how the struggle between democracy and capitalism within the state affects the educational system. Focuses on the influence of social movements on equality in…

  19. Reforming Doctoral Education in Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitusikova, Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    Doctoral education in Europe has been undergoing a major transformation in the last decade. This transformation has occurred in response to several challenges: the changing nature of the labor market in the globalized economy; the European Union's common agenda in research and education, which seeks to make Europe the most competitive

  20. The "Re" Maelstrom of Educational Reform: Restructure, Renewal, Reform, Recreate, Reconstitute, Redesign, Refurbish, Rethink, Redraft, Restrengthen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellow, Randall A.; Kuhns, Polly

    When evaluation is applied to teacher education programs in higher education, a myriad of issues emerge which make assessment complex and critical, especially during the era of reform. The purpose of this paper is to establish a comprehensive overview of assessment processes and reform efforts in teacher education programs. Organized into five…

  1. Children of Reform: The Impact of High-Stakes Education Reform on Preservice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Christopher Pierce

    2010-01-01

    High-stakes standards-based accountability reforms are changing teacher education. A key set of participants in this process who have been affected by these reforms are the teacher candidates. Many were educated almost entirely in high-stakes education systems. Yet, little is known about how their experiences as students affect their conceptions…

  2. Make Something Happen. Hispanics and Urban High School Reform. Volume II. Report of the National Commission on Secondary Education for Hispanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hispanic Policy Development Project, Inc., New York, NY.

    This is the second volume of the report of the National Commission on Secondary Schooling for Hispanics. There are three main sections. The first contains a comparative, demographic analysis of the United States Hispanic population, the total United States population, and the White and Black populations. It documents the relative size and growth…

  3. DBER and STEM Education Reform: Are We up to the Challenge?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talanquer, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    The extent and quality of Discipline-Based Education Research (DBER) at the post-secondary level have grown substantially in recent years. Associated research findings are central to current reform efforts to transform science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education in colleges and universities across the United States. The increased

  4. Education, Neoliberalism and the Consumer Citizen: After the Golden Age of Egalitarian Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, Robert A.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper I attempt to explore the implications for education policy arising from aspects of Third Way political thought and its troubled relation to neoliberalism. In particular, the implications for equality arising from Third Way reforms to secondary education are considered. The limits of contestation that mark out the centre ground of UK…

  5. DBER and STEM Education Reform: Are We up to the Challenge?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talanquer, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    The extent and quality of Discipline-Based Education Research (DBER) at the post-secondary level have grown substantially in recent years. Associated research findings are central to current reform efforts to transform science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education in colleges and universities across the United States. The increased…

  6. The impact of educational reform and categorization of scientific journals and scientists on physics in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Božić, Mirjana; Davidović, Milena; Kapor, Agneš; Knežević, Dragica; Pavkov-Hrvojević, Milica; Puač, Nevena; Savić, Ilija; Stojanović, Maja; Marković-Topalović, Tatjana

    2013-03-01

    The trend of the increasing participation and importance of female physicists in Serbia continues. Many women have taken leading position in research and faculty governance and are contributing significantly to educational reform and the improvement of physics education in the primary and secondary schools.

  7. The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vavrus, Frances

    2009-01-01

    This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

  8. The Implications of Upper-Secondary School Reform for Universities in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gellert, Claudius

    1981-01-01

    The development and implementation of a far-reaching reform of secondary schools in Germany is described. The process of implementation and the new organizational pattern is reviewed. Issues arising from the reformed upper-secondary school, with particular emphasis on subject specialization and the role of the university, are discussed. (MLW)

  9. Finnish Higher Education Reforms: Responding to Globalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tjeldvoll, Arild

    2009-01-01

    The international academic success of Finnish secondary schooling in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the triumph of the Finnish technology company NOKIA have stimulated national ambitions to improve higher education institutions in Finland. Because secondary schooling and technology in Finland receive world recognition,…

  10. Finnish Higher Education Reforms: Responding to Globalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tjeldvoll, Arild

    2009-01-01

    The international academic success of Finnish secondary schooling in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the triumph of the Finnish technology company NOKIA have stimulated national ambitions to improve higher education institutions in Finland. Because secondary schooling and technology in Finland receive world recognition,

  11. Engaging Stakeholders in Productive Meetings to Reform Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, Barbara; Greely, Teresa; Kingsley, Gordon

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents suggestions for leaders in science education to assist in developing effective stakeholder groups contributing to the reform in science education. In this political climate initiatives to reform science teacher education and science education for students K-16 are expected to involve stakeholders from a variety of sectors in…

  12. Beginning Together: Reforming Schools by Investing in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Michael J.; Kaufman, Sherelyn R.; Nelson, Elizabeth C.

    2015-01-01

    The most productive way to reform education would be to invest in effective early childhood education programs. Such an investment would produce remarkable educational, social, and economic benefits. It would also transcend the current divisive debates about education reform by uniting advocates with different perspectives on issues of funding,

  13. Beginning Together: Reforming Schools by Investing in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Michael J.; Kaufman, Sherelyn R.; Nelson, Elizabeth C.

    2015-01-01

    The most productive way to reform education would be to invest in effective early childhood education programs. Such an investment would produce remarkable educational, social, and economic benefits. It would also transcend the current divisive debates about education reform by uniting advocates with different perspectives on issues of funding,…

  14. Education Finance Reform, Local Behavior, and Student Performance in Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong; Yinger, John

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the impact on student performance of the education finance reform enacted in 1993 in Massachusetts and of school districts' institutional structure. Estimating education expenditure and demand functions, this study presents evidence that changes in the state education aid following the education reform resulted in significantly…

  15. Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured interviews…

  16. Education Finance Reform, Local Behavior, and Student Performance in Massachusetts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong; Yinger, John

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the impact on student performance of the education finance reform enacted in 1993 in Massachusetts and of school districts' institutional structure. Estimating education expenditure and demand functions, this study presents evidence that changes in the state education aid following the education reform resulted in significantly

  17. Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cai, Yuzhuo

    2010-01-01

    In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms…

  18. Teacher Educators and Indigenous Language Rights Reform in Southern Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Paul Edward

    2012-01-01

    Nations throughout the world have increasingly looked at teacher education policy as a vehicle for reform of both the educational system and the society at large, and teacher quality is often positively associated with the quality of the overall educational system. Although such reforms often target pre-service teacher education, little is known…

  19. Transforming Teacher Education to Reform America's P-20 Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Futrell, Mary Hatwood

    2010-01-01

    Moving beyond "reform", teacher education programs need to be "transformed" to better prepare teachers, school counselors, and administrators to teach, guide, and lead in this complex society. Educators must have the skills, knowledge, and commitment to be part of the leadership team that assumes the responsibility for carrying the mantra of the…

  20. Educational Finance Reform in Wyoming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neely, Robert O.; Basom, Margaret R.

    This paper provides a history and analysis of educational finance in Wyoming. It offers a summary of the funding model that is currently in place and that has been challenged in court--the fourth such challenge in the past 30 years. The article focuses on the current litigation. It discusses the funding formula that was adopted by the state…

  1. Higher Education Reform in Romania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisemon, Thomas Owen; Mihailescu, Ioan; Vlasceanu, Lazar; Zamfir, Catalin; Sheehan, John; Davis, Charles H.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews the crisis in Romanian universities since the country's political transition in 1989. Describes the government's strategy for revitalizing the higher education system. Focuses on the proliferation of new public and private universities, the increase of student enrollments in applied social science fields, and the problems of diminishing…

  2. Educational Reform Agenda and Partnerships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corrigan, Dean C.; Mobley, William H.

    Major factors contributing to the crisis in United States education are summarized, including poverty, changes in the American family, child abuse, changes in the ethnic composition of schools, increasing global competition, decline in traditional student performance measures, crisis in mathematics and science, shortages of teachers, shift in the…

  3. Wyoming's "Education Reform & Cost Study."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Joseph B.

    A history of education in the state of Wyoming, along with a description of recent legislative initiatives, are presented in this paper. It opens with statewide reorganizations begun in the 1960s that unified school districts and equalized property valuation. A decade later a court order ruled the system inequitable and new laws provided for a…

  4. Secondary Education in Romania. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgescu, Dakmara-Ana

    Secondary education in Romania is characterized by innovations introduced by the communist system and by recent efforts to restructure the system. This book presents a systematic and coherent exposition of the Romanian educational system, and outlines the essential problems the system faces. The book opens with the historical, social, and…

  5. Secondary Education in Greece. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kallen, Denis

    Cultural and national history have profoundly modeled Greek society and continue to play a vital role in Greek policy and in cultural and social life. This handbook provides a brief overview of secondary education in Greece. The first part describes the country's societal, historical, and political background; educational history and current…

  6. Hong Kong Educational Reforms in the Last Decade: Reform Syndrome and New Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yin Cheong

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to analyse the reform syndrome, bottle-neck effects and their impacts on teachers and school education in the last ten years and highlight the direction of new developments. Design/methodology/approach: The paper examines educational reforms in Hong Kong in the last decade. Findings: Echoing the international trends of…

  7. Systemic Reform. Volume III: Technical Appendix--Research Design and Methodology. Studies of Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goertz, Margaret E.; And Others

    A relatively systemic approach to education reform emerged in the 1990s as one way of addressing policy fragmentation. This volume, the last in a set of three, describes the research design of a study that sought to: (1) expand knowledge of state approaches to systemic education reform; (2) examine district, school, and teacher responses to state…

  8. Reforming the Madrassah System of Education in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inamullah, Hafiz Muhammad; Hifazatullah, Hafiz; Sarwar, Muhammad; Khan, Naeemullah; Sultan, Khalid

    2010-01-01

    The unfortunate attacks of 9/11 forced the government to reform madrassah education programs. The aim of this article is to discuss the reform and its results and points of view, as well as the reaction of the Islamic seminaries toward these madrassah reforms.

  9. Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

    2011-01-01

    Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in…

  10. Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

    2011-01-01

    Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in

  11. [Secondary Career Education Activities: English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford City Schools, VA.

    The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

  12. Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

    Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation

  13. Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

    Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation…

  14. Emerging Trends in Secondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Picus, Larry; Cohen, Carolyn

    In 4 stages, this paper, prepared by the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory (NWREL), examines trends in secondary education: a review of 11 major studies from the 1970's; responses from 320 Northwest high school principals to survey questionnaires; a telephone survey of 21 local, state, regional, and national observers of youth employment…

  15. Secondary School Design: Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education and Science, London (England).

    Current trends in physical education in secondary schools in England are analysed in relation to the design of indoor physical education facilities. Spaces needed for the study of movement in dance and modern gymnastics are outlined; and the indoor provisions necessary for games, athletics, contests, and swimming are discussed, with comments on…

  16. [Secondary Career Education Activities: Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford City Schools, VA.

    The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

  17. Ten Years On: How Schools View Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wylie, Cathy

    This report describes the findings of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research's 1999 national survey, in its series looking at the impact of educational reform on primary and intermediate schools. In 1989 reforms were enacted that abolished the Department of Education and began elections for boards of trustees who took responsibility for…

  18. Steady Work. Policy, Practice, and the Reform of American Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Richard F.; McLaughlin, Milbrey Wallin

    This report analyzes the relationship between educational policymaking and educational practice in schools and classrooms by drawing lessons from recent attempts to reform schools with policy. Educational reform operates on the following loosely connected levels: (1) policy; (2) administration; and (3) practice. Policy can set the conditions for…

  19. Coding as a Trojan Horse for Mathematics Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadanidis, George

    2015-01-01

    The history of mathematics educational reform is replete with innovations taken up enthusiastically by early adopters without significant transfer to other classrooms. This paper explores the coupling of coding and mathematics education to create the possibility that coding may serve as a Trojan Horse for mathematics education reform. That is,…

  20. John Stuart Mill on Freedom, Education, and Social Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carbone, Peter F.

    1983-01-01

    Examines the social philosophy of John Stuart Mill, emphasizing his views on freedom, education, and social reform. Considers Mill's individualism and reformism, the conflict between freedom and control that characterizes his work, and the importance of freedom and education. Suggests caution in drawing educational implications from his work. (DAB)

  1. Reforming General Education: A Departmental Experience with Mission and Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valenzano, Joseph M., III; Wallace, Samuel P.

    2014-01-01

    Changes to general education curricula are taking place across the globe. From the Bologna Process in Europe to the Liberal Education and America's Promise initiative in the United States, colleges and universities are reforming what constitutes general education for their students. At the University of Dayton, such reforms took the shape of…

  2. Coding as a Trojan Horse for Mathematics Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadanidis, George

    2015-01-01

    The history of mathematics educational reform is replete with innovations taken up enthusiastically by early adopters without significant transfer to other classrooms. This paper explores the coupling of coding and mathematics education to create the possibility that coding may serve as a Trojan Horse for mathematics education reform. That is,

  3. China's Higher Education Reform 1998-2003: A Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lixu, Li

    2004-01-01

    Profoundly important and unprecedented changes have taken place in China's higher education since 1998, when Zhu Rongji Administration (1998-2003) decided to carry out a new round of educational reform. These changes include some breakthroughs in macro administrative system reform, growth in the total amount of educational expenditure, the…

  4. Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an "Asian" Way?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallinger, Philip

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main…

  5. The "Triumph of Commercialism": The Corporate Ethos and Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiner, Lois

    State education reform efforts, like national proposals for educational excellence, have blamed poor schooling for widening the gulf between poor and rich and influencing economic and industrial decline. Improved schools will supposedly restore economic health to society and its individual citizens. This conflation of educational reform and…

  6. Educational Reform: How Does Technology Affect Educational Change?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, Bertram

    1999-01-01

    Explores the question of how technology relates to educational reform. Discusses a number of unanticipated effects of new technologies, ways in which they do both more and less than hoped. Describes a Web page that address the social implications of the Internet, offers three quotes regarding how technologies affect people, and presents a glossary…

  7. Physical Education. Secondary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molosky, Gerald; And Others

    GRADES OR AGES: Grades 7-10. SUBJECT MATTER: Physical education. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide is divided into six color-coded units, one each for athletic skills and games, fitness testing and body mechanics, rhythmical activities, simple games and recreational activities, tumbling and apparatus, and swimming. It is mimeographed…

  8. Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

    2009-01-01

    The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators…

  9. Implementing a Large-Scale Reform in Secondary Schools: The Role of the Consultant within England's Secondary National Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, David Hagen

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the role of the consultants in secondary schools and local authorities within a large-scale consultancy-based reform, the Secondary National Strategy (SNS), in London, UK. The SNS follows a cascade model of implementation in which nationally created initiatives are introduced and supported within local authorities (LA) and…

  10. The Hidden Variable: How Organizations Influence Teacher Responses to Secondary Science Curriculum Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuban, Larry

    1995-01-01

    Reviews the history of secondary science curriculum reform and presents an organizational and curricular framework for discussing why reformers committed to creating a science for living have difficulty altering prevailing patterns. Examines the influence of district, school, and classroom organization upon what curriculum is actually taught and…

  11. Civic Education in the Czech Republic: Curriculum Reform for Democratic Citizenship. Evaluator's Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torney-Purta, Judith

    This report evaluates a project undertaken in the Czech Republic to create lesson scenarios to revise the existing social studies curricular framework for the third form of secondary school (ages 17-18) with special reference to the overarching objectives for civic education reform started in 1989. These objectives included the elimination of…

  12. Get Over It! Education Reform Is Dead. Now What?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Caren

    This book shares what one educator learned as a teacher and administrator in public and private schools and business, examining where the country is in the process of reforming public education and suggesting that it is tired out from so many reform efforts. It notes that new programs often suffocate under the latest federal, state, or district…

  13. Research on Reform in Mathematics Education, 1993-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, John A.; McDougall, Douglas; Hogaboam-Gray, Anne

    2002-01-01

    A review of 154 research studies found that mathematics education reform contributed to higher student achievement only when there was substantial implementation of reform. The main obstacle to implementation was teacher beliefs about mathematics teaching. The best method for increasing implementation is sustained inservice teacher education that…

  14. Education System Reform in China after 1978: Some Practical Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Miantao

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to provide an overview of education system reform in China since 1978, and its practical implications. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from literature review and interview. An overview of education system reform and its practical implications was found through data analysis. Findings: There has been two…

  15. Evidence-Based Reform in Education: What Will It Take?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavin, Robert E.

    2008-01-01

    If education is to make significant progress in the twenty-first century, it must embrace evidence-based reforms. Perhaps the most important requirement for evidence-based reform is the development of a substantial set of replicable programs and practices with strong evidence of effectiveness. Educators and policy makers must have a variety of…

  16. Law & School Reform: Six Strategies for Promoting Educational Equity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heubert, Jay P., Ed.

    This book describes the growing involvement of lawyers in America's public schools in the past half century. It discusses comparatively what leading educators and lawyers believe to be the most important law-driven school reforms and examines these reform efforts from the perspectives of law, education, research, and practice. It also considers…

  17. "Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

    2011-01-01

    Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

  18. Equity and Excellence in Education Reform: An Unfinished Agenda.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadker, Myra; Sadker, David

    This paper argues that the recent wave of school reform literature has neglected females, thereby threatening to close already narrowing windows of opportunity for their advanced education beyond high school. A line-by-line content analysis of 138 articles on educational reform published in nine influential professional journals between 1983 and…

  19. Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guolin, Zhang

    2008-01-01

    The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

  20. Conceptualizing the Process of Education Reform from an International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Benjamin

    This paper, which is part of a larger comparative project, outlines a conceptual framework for studying large-scale education reform across political jurisdictions. A great deal of comparative work on education reform is now being done, but this work often lacks a clearly articulated conceptual frame. This paper, based on studies of change in five…

  1. Philanthropy and Educational Reform during the Great Depression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watras, Joseph

    2005-01-01

    The author discusses philanthropy and educational reform from the Great Depression to the present, contrasting the views of that time to "Making It Count" (Chester E. Finn, Jr. and Kelly Amis, 2001.) Although Finn and Amis presented their suggestions as advancing democracy, they thought that educational reform took place best when elite groups…

  2. Educational Policy and Reform for Homeless Students. An Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mawhinney-Rhoads, Lynnette; Stahler, Gerald

    2006-01-01

    This article provides an overview of educational reform efforts that have been targeted toward assisting homeless students. The authors first review some of the difficulties and barriers that confront homeless children in terms of school access and academic success. The authors then examine four different types of educational reforms for homeless…

  3. The Connections between Poverty Discourse and Educational Reform: When Did "Reform" Become Synonymous with Inattention?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engvall, Robert P.

    1996-01-01

    Presents the view that genuine educational reform is impossible in today's political, social, and economic climate. Today's policymakers are not truly antipoverty and do not truly care about the plight of the less fortunate. The current preoccupation with economic progress means that reform has come to mean inattention. (SLD)

  4. Reforming Higher Education in "Transition": Between National and International Reform Initiatives--The Case of Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zgaga, Pavel; Miklavic, Klemen

    2011-01-01

    The article analyzes the last two decades of higher education reforms in Slovenia. During the "period of transition," they were led by national as well as international initiatives. At an early stage, the national initiatives were mainly based on criticisms of the last reform made by the former regime, although the generation of new ideas and…

  5. The Ozone Project. Secondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saugier, Philippe

    This document describes the development of theme-based projects within a European co-operative environmental education framework at the secondary school level. The participation of 15 students from 9 different European countries in one such project is described. Students are involved with the publication of articles based on firsthand observations…

  6. Reforms in Chinese Higher Education and Their Effect on Teacher Education in Inner Mongolia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hare, Peter; Thomas, Harold

    2002-01-01

    Examines experiences of an English language teaching project at the Inner Mongolia Teacher University (China). Considers the effect of higher education reform processes on teacher education at Inner Mongolia. Presents these reforms in context of international trends in higher education over the past decade and more specific reforms happening in…

  7. Globalization and the Reform of Faculties of Education in Egypt: The Roles of Individual and Organizational, National and International Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa

    2011-01-01

    In this manuscript we examine an example of globalization--the international organization-aided reform of faculties of education in Egypt. We first sketch the historical context during which secondary and primary-level teacher education became a part of Egyptian higher education. Then we draw on extensive documentary analysis and our own roles as…

  8. "The Educational Situation as Concerns Secondary Education": Thoughts on the Thoughts of John Dewey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, William A.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses Dewey's critique and analysis of secondary education (specifically the high school) in 1901; reviews his theoretical position related thereto; compares situation of Dewey's high school with that of the high school in 2001; comments on current high school reform initiatives. (PKP)

  9. Equity in Education: A Low Priority in the School Reform Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones-Wilson, Faustine C.

    1988-01-01

    Argues that educational reform movements are cyclical and notes the absence of a concern for equity in many recent reports and studies on education reform. Proposes alternative reform measures to enhance equity for Blacks, the poor, and other minorities. (FMW)

  10. Osnovi polojenia na reformata v obrasovatelnata sistema na Narodna republika Bulgaria (Basic Provisions of the Reform of the Public Education System in the People's Republic of Bulgaria).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulgarian Communist Party, Sofia.

    This document is an English language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of the reform provisions of the Bulgarian education system as formulated by the Bulgarian Communist Party in 1969. These reforms include the following items: access to compulsory secondary education for all; enrollment of all six-year olds; teachers to be specialized from…

  11. Decentralization and Structural Change in Secondary Education in Argentina: The Case of the Province of Buenos Aires

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acedo, Clementina; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.; Senen-Gonzalez, Silvia

    2007-01-01

    Over the past decade, Argentina created and implemented a compulsory lower-secondary education level, within an ambitious educational reform programme. This article addresses the reform at the national level, diverse provincial responses, and the particular way that the powerful province of Buenos Aires appropriated the structural change. The…

  12. Learning Critical Thinking in Saudi Arabia: Student Perceptions of Secondary Pre-Service Teacher Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allamnakhrah, Alhasan

    2013-01-01

    Saudi scholars have been agitating for education reforms to incorporate critical thinking in education programs. This paper is a qualitative case study undertaken at King Abdul Aziz University and Arab Open University and examines students' perception of learning critical thinking in secondary pre-service teacher education programs in Saudi…

  13. The Process of Developing a New Curriculum for Lower Secondary Education in Guatemala

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asturias de Barrios, Linda; Arellano, Veronica Merida

    2007-01-01

    The intention of this article is to present the way in which a proposal was put forward for a national basic curriculum for the lower level of secondary education in Guatemala, within a general curricular reform of the education system. In this process, the International Bureau of Education and UNESCO's national office in the country provided…

  14. Mental Discipline, Curricular Reform, and the Decline of U.S. Astronomy Education, 1893-1920

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marché, Jordan D., II

    Nineteenth-century astronomy education rested on a powerful rationale of support within American liberal arts colleges and high schools. Descriptive astronomy was widely regarded as suitable for improving a student's "mental discipline." But the collapse of mental discipline pedagogy, along with concurrent efforts to standardize and reform secondary-level curricula, were responsible for a significant post-1900 decline in astronomical teaching. As a result, astronomy education was not broadly reinstated into secondary curricula until after the launch of Sputnik in 1957. This report demonstrates that changing relationships between disciplinary specialties and pedagogical theories provide no guarantee of sustained curricular success--a conclusion equally relevant to today's science educators.

  15. State infrastructure support for science education reform

    SciTech Connect

    Buccino, A.

    1994-12-31

    Discussing state infrastructure support for science education reform is a little daunting. At the state level, there is simply nothing comparable to the federal establishment. There are state science academies, but they generally do not have the stature and influence of the National Academy of Sciences. In large states like California, governors may have formally designated science advisors, but there are no agencies comparable to NSF of NASA or the Defense Department, owing to the national character of the mission of these agencies. Although science and mathematics education has been pronounced a major national concern, some states do not agree. For example, some states did not bother to apply for a Statewide Systematic Initiative project, and at least one state declined to do so because its governor did not think his state needed it. We need to come to grips with standard-based education and support commitment to it and to its implementation. The central issue here is state and local implementation of the leadership coming from the federal government and expressed in Goals 2000 and Pathways to Excellence.

  16. Zakon za srednoto obrazovanie (Secondary Education Act).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1971

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of the Macedonian Secondary Education Act of 1970. Secondary Education is an integral part of the consolidated system of education and training. All citizens have an equal right to acquire the knowledge and skills they need in any type of secondary level institution.…

  17. Scaling up Education Reform: Addressing the Politics of Disparity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Russell; O'Sullivan, Dominic; Berryman, Mere

    2010-01-01

    What is school reform? What makes it sustainable? Who needs to be involved? How is scaling up achieved? This book is about the need for educational reforms that have built into them, from the outset, those elements that will see them sustained in the original sites and spread to others. Using the Te Kotahitanga Project as a model the authors

  18. Contesting Reform: Bernstein's Pedagogic Device and Madrasah Education in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2010-01-01

    This paper highlights the active role played by various pedagogic agents in contesting the state educational reforms for madrasahs in Singapore. Drawing upon Basil Bernstein's pedagogic device, the paper identifies tensions and challenges that arise from the attempts by the state to implement curriculum reforms. The paper contends that the stakes…

  19. Educational Reform or National Survival: Take Your Pick.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiter, Carl

    In response to the Holmes and Carnegie reports that call for educational reforms in the teaching profession, this paper argues that the financial support for these future reforms will be diverted to fund the research to combat the emerging national crises that ultimately will threaten national security. Describing the emerging crises in this paper…

  20. Facing the Challenges of Educational Reform in the Arab World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karami Akkary, Rima

    2014-01-01

    This paper pinpoints and discusses key aspects of the current approaches to school reform in the Arab world against the backdrop of what is accepted as the best practice in the international literature on effective school reform and educational change. The main goal of the paper is to highlight deeply ingrained assumptions and practices that are…

  1. Curriculum Reform in Higher Education: A Contested Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shay, Suellen

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on the theoretical and analytical tools from the sociology of education, in particular the work of Basil Bernstein and Karl Maton, the paper explores the tensions within curriculum reform discourses and how these tensions play out in different global contexts. The analysis focuses on two curriculum reform policies--Hong Kong and South…

  2. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one

  3. Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

    2012-01-01

    During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney…

  4. Turning Lightning into Electricity: Organizing Parents for Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Andrew P.

    2014-01-01

    Families are the primary clients of public schools, but they are one of many constituencies who have a say in how schools actually operate. In all the technocratic fervor around "education reform"--the broad effort to implement standards and accountability, reform teacher tenure and evaluation, and increase parental choice--it is easy to…

  5. Scaling up Education Reform: Addressing the Politics of Disparity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Russell; O'Sullivan, Dominic; Berryman, Mere

    2010-01-01

    What is school reform? What makes it sustainable? Who needs to be involved? How is scaling up achieved? This book is about the need for educational reforms that have built into them, from the outset, those elements that will see them sustained in the original sites and spread to others. Using the Te Kotahitanga Project as a model the authors…

  6. A Complexity Theory Analysis of Educational Reform in Benin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    David-Gnahoui, Emmanuel

    Benin is breaking new ground through a profound reform of its primary school system. The innovation in the system is the revolutionary approach as regards educational practice. The main focus has shifted, in the objectives of the curriculum, from what to teach to whom to empower. This paper analyzes the Reforme de l'ecole de qualite fondamentale…

  7. Improving Finance for Qatari Education Reform. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

    2009-01-01

    Qatar's education reform, which included implementation of a new finance system, appears to be providing schools with adequate funding but is still struggling with issues of transparency and swift policy shifts that have been difficult to accommodate. [For full report, "Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar", see ED504832.

  8. The Uncertain Character of Recent Educational Reform in Greece

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traianou, Anna

    2009-01-01

    This article outlines the main education reforms that have taken place in Greece from the 1960s until the present. The author discusses how the direction of these reforms has been influenced not only by "global" pressures for "modernization" but also by the distinctive socio-cultural Greek context. The conclusion stresses that despite the various…

  9. Changing Our Schools: Implementing Successful Educational Reform. Lessons in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Large-scale educational reform--systemic approaches to changing the way schools operate--helps to meet students' learning needs more effectively. These approaches focus on reorganizing entire school systems, rather than implementing individual school-improvement initiatives. Such reforms require a significant investment of resources and--if…

  10. Benchmarking Exponential Growth of Educational Reform: The Sustainability Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Ray

    2009-01-01

    After decades of reform efforts in public school systems in the United States, there is minimal student achievement progress to measure. This article addresses the ongoing challenges and complexities of the sustainability of educational reform through a review of the literature and the proposal of a Sustainability Index as a metric to benchmark…

  11. The History of Reform in Russian Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Vera

    2007-01-01

    The reform of higher education became the subject of sharp debate and public concern in Russia during the current decade. The controversy still exists even if the reforms had been initiated in the early 1990s. By the mid-1990s, their most painful aspects had already become manifest: severe cuts in state funding; deteriorating working conditions of…

  12. Implementing the Abstinence Education Provision of the Welfare Reform Legislation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskins, Ron; Bevan, Carol Statuto

    As part of its 1996 welfare reform bill, the U.S. Congress enacted a $50 million per year program to fund abstinence education. The welfare reform law addresses the problem of births to single adolescents by enforcing child support payments, giving states financial incentives to reduce nonmarital births, and creating the abstinence education…

  13. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

  14. Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Teacher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dilworth, Mary E.

    2012-01-01

    As for all teacher education programs, historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been subject to a host of policy mandates for reform over the past three decades. As a group their approach to these changes has differed from those of majority institutions and their voice in the policy reform dialogue has been muted or absent. This…

  15. Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

    2012-01-01

    During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney

  16. Language, Literacy, and Educational Reform: Rethinking the Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reyes, Maria de la Luz; McCollum, Pamela A.

    1992-01-01

    In spite of increasing ethnic, linguistic, and socioeconomic diversity, educational reform efforts continue to target mainstream English-speaking U.S. public. The educational plans of the America 2000 initiative are no exception. This theme issue provides examples of classroom-based research in which educators try to improve literacy education for

  17. The Politics of Basic Education Reform in Brazil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plank, David N.

    1990-01-01

    Resumption of democratic politics in Brazil has had mixed consequences for basic education. Although the "Education for All" program aims to improve access to basic education for poor children, politically powerful groups oppose reallocation of resources at their expense and ensure that educational reform remains rhetoric. Contains 85 references.…

  18. Special Education: Does It Fit with Standards-Based Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kysilko, David, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This issue focuses on how special education fits into standards-based reform and contains the following featured articles: (1) A New Vision for Special Education Accountability (Martha L. Thurlow and Jane L. Krentz) charts the change in special education accountability as it moves from the old focus on Individualized Education Program teams; (2)…

  19. Zimbabwe's Public Education System Reforms: Successes and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanyongo, Gibbs Y.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss Zimbabwe's public education system. First, the article provides a brief look at pre-independence education in Zimbabwe. Second, it discusses some of the reforms that took place in the Zimbabwe education system following independence. Third, it looks at the current structure of Zimbabwe's education system…

  20. Education for a New Era: Stakeholders' Perception of Qatari Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellili-Cherif, Maha; Romanowski, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The paper reports the results of a qualitative research study that explores principal, teacher, and parent perceptions with regard to Qatar's education reform, Education for a New Era (EFNE) launched in 2004. The study focuses on the effects of the reform on each group, their perceived advantages and disadvantages of the reform, and the…

  1. Educational Reform, Inequality and the Structure of Higher Education in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strathdee, Rob

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon…

  2. Educational Reform in Utah: The Years of Promise. 1993-94. Conditions of Education in Utah.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galvin, Patrick F., Ed.; Sperry, David J., Ed.

    This volume, which describes the status of public education in Utah for the year 1993-94, focuses on the issue of educational reform. Following the introduction and overview, chapter 1 reviews reform legislation and implementation efforts during the last decade. It describes the context for reform in political, demographic, and economic terms.…

  3. Primary Schooling in Burundi and Kenya: Preparation for Secondary Education or for Self-Employment?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisemon, Thomas Owen; Schwille, John

    1991-01-01

    Reports on a series of studies on the issue of whether primary schools in Burundi and Kenya should prepare students for secondary education or self-employment. Findings indicate that as long as some children go on to secondary school, primary schooling will not be reformed. Content and methods of instruction will not be changed in the near future.…

  4. Education reform and the quality of kindergartens in Jordan

    PubMed Central

    Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

    2010-01-01

    The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan—the implementation of public kindergartens—and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of kindergartens was selected to represent these new public kindergartens (n = 84) and previously existing private kindergartens (n = 23). Independent observers rated the quality of kindergarten environments in seven domains. Overall, 13% of public kindergarten environments were observed to be inadequate, 43% were of minimal quality, 43% were good, and 1% were excellent. In four of the seven domains, the quality of public kindergartens was significantly higher than the quality of private kindergartens; there were no significant differences in the other domains. Findings suggest the importance of continuing to implement high quality kindergartens in Jordan and of incorporating evaluations into education reform. PMID:21170163

  5. Continuing Education Reform in Hong Kong: Issues of Contextualization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowson, Chris; Bodycott, Peter; Walker, Allan; Coniam, David

    2003-01-01

    Studied how reforms in four particular areas (professional development of principals, higher education, English language standards, and inclusion of students with learning disabilities) have been conceived, contextualized, and managed in Hong Kong since the early 1990s. (SLD)

  6. Current Developments in School Education in Turkey: Education "Reforms" and Teacher Trade Union Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buyruk, Halil

    2015-01-01

    Education "reforms"' have been accelerated in the last decade in Turkey. Teachers, as the main actors of the education system, have developed a variety of responses to the reforms implemented in the field of education, both individually and collectively. They give directions to the change process in education by means of their trade…

  7. Beyond the "Decorated Landscapes" of Educational Reform: Toward Landscapes of Pluralism in Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Michael P.; Bentley, Michael L.

    2007-01-01

    Perhaps, we are at the fork in the road when it is imperative that we consider whether the pursuit of pluralism in science education is a worthwhile endeavor in light of recent educational reforms that seem to decorate the true aim of education. The "decorated landscapes" of educational reform concentrate on economic growth and do little to…

  8. Current Developments in School Education in Turkey: Education "Reforms" and Teacher Trade Union Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buyruk, Halil

    2015-01-01

    Education "reforms"' have been accelerated in the last decade in Turkey. Teachers, as the main actors of the education system, have developed a variety of responses to the reforms implemented in the field of education, both individually and collectively. They give directions to the change process in education by means of their trade

  9. Education Reform Support: A Framework for Scaling Up School Reform. Policy Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healey, F. Henry; DeStefano, Joseph

    The Bureau for Africa of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been examining in detail the question of how best to support and sustain sectorwide education reform in Africa. The USAID and Education Commission of the States jointly sponsored a seminar in October 1996 to examine the issue of "scaling up" and to bring…

  10. Breaking the Consensus in Educational Policy Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Souto-Otero, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    The paper contributes to the debate on the implementation of policy reforms developing a typology for implementation based on the initial agreement on means and goals at the time of reform design. It is argued that the volume and nature of knowledge gathering and stakeholder involvement required to gain approval of a policy and avoid the…

  11. After Access: Canadian Education and Copyright Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geist, Michael

    2006-01-01

    With the dramatic growth of the Internet in the 1990s, the Canadian government developed a well-regarded strategy for addressing the emerging issues posed by the "information highway." The strategy featured legal reforms to address privacy and e-commerce, administrative reforms for the government online initiative, and connectivity programs such…

  12. The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

    1991-01-01

    Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

  13. Education Reforms and English Teaching for the Deaf in Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quay, Suzanne

    2005-01-01

    Deaf education is in a period of great transition in Japan as a result of the "Educational Reform Plan for the 21st Century" proposed by the Japanese education ministry. Unfortunately, the communication needs of deaf students have not been taken into account in the Plan's recommendations. One area where deaf students must attain the same…

  14. Korean Higher Education Reforms and Changes since the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Yun Suk

    2011-01-01

    Korean higher education has experienced significant changes since the 1990s. Terms like quality, excellence, competition, efficiency, restructuring, and accountability have become dominant in higher education discourse. These changes are integral parts of higher education reforms implemented by the South Korean government and higher educational…

  15. Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New, William

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest

  16. Educational Equity in Tanzania: The Imperiled Promise of Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Youngman, Deborah J.; Ishengoma, Johnson M.

    1999-01-01

    Profiles the recent history of Tanzania's efforts to educate its people. After describing Tanzania's history and educational policies, the paper discusses school reform in its historical context and focuses on sharing the costs and benefits of education. Examines ideological intent, theoretical merits, and practical limitations of applied…

  17. Report on Progress in Implementing Reform of Preschool Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities.

    This report summarizes results of initiatives established to achieve goals of the New York State Board of Regents to reform the state's preschool special education program. These goals, consistent with the provisions of the 1997 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, view special education as a service to support…

  18. Adult Jewish Education and Participation among Reform Jewish Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mareschal, Teresa L.

    2012-01-01

    The history of adult Jewish education is rich and is replete with learning opportunities for Jewish adults, and Jewish women are active participants in adult Jewish education. In this chapter, the author examines Reform Jewish women's motivations to participate in adult Jewish education. First, she provides a historical overview of Judaism and…

  19. Corporate Education Reform and the Rise of State Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, P. L.

    2013-01-01

    The election of Barack Obama appeared to signal a shift in U.S. policy toward the Left, particularly since Obama has been framed as a "socialist," but the education discourse and policy pursued under Obama and voiced by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has shown that education reform remains in the midst of a powerful corporate model. This essay…

  20. Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nussbaum, Martha C.

    This book addresses the need for higher education to create a community of critical thinkers. It suggests that contemporary curricular reform is already producing citizens of the world as it advocates diversity and multicultural education. The central argument is a defense of the "new education," and is rooted in the ideal of the citizen who…

  1. Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    I-ru, Chen Dorothy

    2012-01-01

    As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

  2. The Reform of Education in Romania: Conditions and Prospects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birzea, Cesar; And Others

    This document analyzes the Romanian education system since the political changes of 1989. The objectives of the report are: (1) the analysis of the education condition, insisting on the obstructions that prevent the starting of the reform itself; (2) the analysis of the main developments in the educational system in the first three ears of the…

  3. Educational Development and Reformation in Malaysia: Past, Present, and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmad, Rahimah Haji

    1998-01-01

    Discusses educational development in Malaysia, focusing on curriculum changes, issues, and future perspectives. Discusses the development of values education, its importance in the curriculum, and the government's efforts to mold a united nation with Malaysian values. Current reforms target tertiary education. The school curriculum has not been…

  4. Negotiating for Change: Women's Movements and Education Reform in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Shu-Ching

    2011-01-01

    The dramatic changes during the past 20 years in Taiwan offer a good example of how gender policy in education is facilitated by a combination of interrelated economic, political and social forces. Taiwan's policy on gender education emerged from the interaction of state, education, academic and non-academic feminist positions in reforms. This…

  5. Reforming Education: The Emerging Systemic Approach. Fourteenth Annual Yearbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Stephen L.; Berne, Robert

    This book, the 14th yearbook of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), provides a review and appraisal of the "educational perestroika" that has occurred over the past decade, both in the United States and in other developed countries. Rather than assessing the outcomes of a decade of educational reform, it examines the present and…

  6. Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New, William

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

  7. Teacher-Designed Reform in Inservice Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edelfelt, Roy A.; And Others

    This is the final report of the project on Teacher-Designed Reform in Teacher Education. The focus of the project was primarily on inservice education to improve instruction. The rationale was that teachers should determine the content and design of inservice education at the school building level on the basis of the kind of staff they want and…

  8. Rethinking Education Reform in the Age of George Bush.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    1989-01-01

    In the current educational reform movement, schools have become the new scapegoat for the American economy's increasing failure to compete in the world market. The Bush Administration needs to articulate a vision linking public education to democratic imperatives, rather than the marketplace's narrow demands. Education for empowerment should be a

  9. Levers for Change: Educational Opportunity Center's and Welfare Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dann-Messier, Brenda

    2001-01-01

    Asserts the importance of changing welfare policies to allow postsecondary education as a work activity. Discusses the history of welfare reform and the benefits of postsecondary education for welfare recipients; describes services provided to welfare recipients by several TRIO-sponsored Educational Opportunity Centers (EOCs); and offers…

  10. Looking Backward: Educational Reform in the Twentieth Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, John M.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses five lasting 20th-century education reforms: ability grouping, testing, district/school consolidation, vocational education, and specialization. The future seems aimed at personalized instruction, smaller schools, less differentiation between academic and vocational education, greater trust in local governance units, and philosophic…

  11. Teacher Perceptions of Bologna Reforms in Armenian Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karakhanyan, Susanna; Van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo

    2012-01-01

    The perceptions of the implementation of the Bologna reforms in Armenian higher education were examined in a questionnaire study with 279 university teachers, revealing how eight leading higher education institutions have adapted to the political directive to create alignment with the Bologna principles. The literature on educational change is…

  12. The Rhetoric of Policy Formation in Cordoba Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olmos, Liliana Esther

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore education policies formation during two administrations (1983-1998) in the province of Cordoba, Argentina through the comparison of policy documents. The profound connections of the social, cultural, economic, and educational processes impact of Argentina's educational reforms during the last two decades of…

  13. Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    I-ru, Chen Dorothy

    2012-01-01

    As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and

  14. Federal Role in School Reform from Sociological and Educational Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, G. Thomas, Jr., Ed.

    This monograph contains (1) five papers on issues raised in a study by Ron Corwin on the Teachers Corps program as an instrument of educational change, (2) a summary of educators' and sociologists' responses to the papers, and (3) an essay by the editor on possibilities for educational change and institutional reform. The first paper is by Melvin…

  15. Corporate Education Reform and the Rise of State Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, P. L.

    2013-01-01

    The election of Barack Obama appeared to signal a shift in U.S. policy toward the Left, particularly since Obama has been framed as a "socialist," but the education discourse and policy pursued under Obama and voiced by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has shown that education reform remains in the midst of a powerful corporate model. This essay

  16. On Quality Education Reform in International Trade Major

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jing; Xiao, Jing

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the existing problems of quality education of specialization of international trade in current colleges and universities of China, and then propose several pieces of corresponding suggestion on educational reform. According to the characteristics of college and university education, we shall emphasize on the…

  17. Rethinking Education Reform in the Age of George Bush.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    1989-01-01

    In the current educational reform movement, schools have become the new scapegoat for the American economy's increasing failure to compete in the world market. The Bush Administration needs to articulate a vision linking public education to democratic imperatives, rather than the marketplace's narrow demands. Education for empowerment should be a…

  18. Exploring the Congruence between the Lesotho Junior Secondary Geography Curriculum and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from…

  19. Austerity, Ontario and Post-Secondary Education: The Case of "Canada's Capital University"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fanelli, Carlo; Meades, James

    2011-01-01

    As austerity measures intensify around the world, the axe has come down particularly hard on post-secondary education (PSE). So-called education "reform" has shown itself to be a lightning rod for confrontation. In order to deal with unprecedented government budget shortfalls, caused, it must be recalled, by the lead agents of the capitalist class…

  20. Exploring the Congruence between the Lesotho Junior Secondary Geography Curriculum and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from

  1. Austerity, Ontario and Post-Secondary Education: The Case of "Canada's Capital University"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fanelli, Carlo; Meades, James

    2011-01-01

    As austerity measures intensify around the world, the axe has come down particularly hard on post-secondary education (PSE). So-called education "reform" has shown itself to be a lightning rod for confrontation. In order to deal with unprecedented government budget shortfalls, caused, it must be recalled, by the lead agents of the capitalist class

  2. A Way Forward: A Progressive Vision for Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Jeremy; Brown, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    Congress has the opportunity to move forward on education reform by reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, to ensure all children achieve their greatest potential. Unfortunately, it has yet to find the will to do so, to the detriment of American students and schools. ESEA is the largest and most significant federal…

  3. Outcome Standards for Secondary Marketing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, James R., III

    1985-01-01

    Describes a study which sought to establish outcome standards very important for secondary marketing education. Business people, former students, and marketing educators were asked to judge the standards identified from the literature in terms of importance to secondary marketing education. (CT)

  4. Innovation in Secondary Education in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wake, R. A.; And Others

    The document consists of three articles by European educational experts on recent trends in secondary education within the member nations of Europe's Council for Cultural Co-operation. The first article, "Interdisciplinarity in Secondary Education," focuses on the tendencies to underestimate the complex managerial side of interdisciplinary work.…

  5. Education and the community in the Peruvian educational reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malpica, Carlos

    1980-09-01

    The reform of Peruvian education initiated in 1972 was based on new concepts, postulated new policies and proposed to convert the old school system into a new educational system in accordance with the revolutionary process begun in 1968. The principles of permanent education, education in the community and the educating community inspired an ambitious educational model on a national scale, to organise community education nuclei (NECs) of a local dimension, in which a dynamic social education of a participatory and self-managerial character could be created. This process of nuclearisation, which has historical antecedents going back to the social, economic and political organisation of the Incan Empire, and was revived in the twentieth century by the creation of the famous Warisata School in Bolivia, has now undergone nine years of valuable experience in Peru, attempting to develop an efficient alternative to the old school model which originated before the Christian era. The community/education dialectic has suffered a profound change in Peru in the last ten years and the experience, whether of obstacles and limitations, appears to be valuable and irreversible. The non-statist, non-bureaucratic, non-party and non-private solution that was pursued by the Peruvian Revolution in the field of education is very attractive and could interest other countries of the region which, during the last 30 years have applied the nuclearisation model, as well as other countries in Latin America or other regions who have recently either initiated or considered it. This article presents the experience, relates it to its historical antecedents, gives some information on evaluation studies in progress and traces some perspectives or projections for educational nuclearisation.

  6. Occupational Education: Whose Responsibility? Secondary or Post-Secondary Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDougle, Larry G.

    1974-01-01

    Article considered a number of factors that supported the need for specialized occupational training at the high school level and at post secondary institutions and the weight of educational evidence favored productive change toward a more positive balance. (RK)

  7. Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women

    PubMed Central

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.

    2013-01-01

    Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes. PMID:23504449

  8. Educational Reform and Development in China. Special Studies in Comparative Education Number Nineteen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wei, Wu, Comp.; And Others

    This publication consists of seven papers on educational reform in China chosen mainly from major Chinese journals of education science. "The Decision on Reforming the Educational System Made by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China," published in May 1985, is a particularly important document concerning the Chinese educational…

  9. National Assessment of Vocational Education. Final Report to Congress. Volume III. Program Improvement: Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boesel, David; And Others

    This document, the third of five volumes that comprise the final report of the National Assessment of Vocational Education focuses on program improvement. Chapter 1 describes the education reform movement and assesses its effects on vocational education. It discusses current reforms that states are undertaking to improve preparation of students…

  10. Goals of Universal Basic and Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Joel E.

    2006-01-01

    This essay discusses educational goals for universal basic and secondary education. It suggests some of the difficulties that may explain the great diversity of educational goals. The purposes of this essay are to (1) stimulate attention to educational goals on the part of individuals, families, educational professionals, community leaders in…

  11. "Back to the Future" in a Ukrainian Manner: Examining the Impact of the Contradictory 2001 and 2010 Education Reforms on Ukrainian Schools and Science Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fomichova, Kseniya; Kazama, Futaba; Misonou, Taku

    2014-01-01

    This study analyses and evaluates the impact of two recent (2001 and 2010) education reforms on Ukrainian secondary schools, and, in particular, on science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology and Earth science), in terms of the structural, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the reformed disciplines. It also examines societal

  12. "Back to the Future" in a Ukrainian Manner: Examining the Impact of the Contradictory 2001 and 2010 Education Reforms on Ukrainian Schools and Science Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fomichova, Kseniya; Kazama, Futaba; Misonou, Taku

    2014-01-01

    This study analyses and evaluates the impact of two recent (2001 and 2010) education reforms on Ukrainian secondary schools, and, in particular, on science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology and Earth science), in terms of the structural, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the reformed disciplines. It also examines societal…

  13. Educational research in Sweden: Reform strategies and research policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marklund, Inger

    1981-06-01

    Educational R & D in Sweden is to a large extent policy-oriented. It has been an integrated part of the Swedish educational reform system and has brought about a dialogue between politicians, administrators and researchers. Several circumstances have contributed to the `Swedish model'. One is the system with government-appointed committees in which researchers often play an active part. Another is that the Swedish educational system is highly centralized, with the National Board of Education (NBE) as the central authority, responsible for primary, secondary and adult education. A third — and a crucial one — is that, since 1962, the NBE has had increasing funds for educational R & D at its disposal. These funds account for the main part of the economic resources for R & D, along with resources allocated to research appointments at research departments of universities. Educational R & D, conducted primarily within the NBE funds, has recently been evaluated by a government-appointed committee. In its evaluations of the impact of educational R & D, the committee distinguished between the effects of R & D and the effect correlates. It concluded that the impact of R & D is more indirect than direct, more long-term than immediate. The effects are also more easily recognized at levels above the actual school situation. This finding could be interpreted as a consequence of the policy-orientation of educational R & D, which at the same time shows the difficulties in reaching the `school level' with research and development results. There are two general trends in Sweden, which will influence both research planning and research use. First, there is a trend towards the decentralization of decision-making and responsibility for the educational system. Secondly, there is a trend towards the `sectionalization' of the R & D system as a whole. This sectionalization will mean that research will to a great extent be planned to meet needs from different parts of society — labour market, social welfare, industrial development, etc. As a consequence, the question of the impact of research will be an even more debated one and will probably lead to the development of `research on research' as an increasingly important research area.

  14. Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schulz, Roland M.

    2009-04-01

    This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.

  15. The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ornelas, Carlos

    2004-07-01

    Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

  16. High School Reform: Integration of Special Education. inForum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Eve; Burdette, Paula

    2007-01-01

    Evidence suggests that students throughout the nation are not being adequately prepared for post-secondary life and that students with disabilities face even greater post-school challenges (Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Garza, & Levine, 2005). In response to such evidence, many states and localities are initiating high school reform activities and, in…

  17. Principals and School Reform: Barriers to Inclusion in Three Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Donna; Hyle, Adrienne E.

    1997-01-01

    Uses explanatory case studies to examine three midwestern secondary schools' adoption of inclusion, based on Michael Fullan's views concerning the principal's pivotal role in school reform efforts. Findings support Fullan's perspectives and indicate lack of understanding about inclusion. Although the schools claimed to have implemented inclusive…

  18. Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…

  19. The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2009-01-01

    As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…

  20. Implementing and Sustaining Educational Reforms: The Case for Little "R"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Don

    2007-01-01

    The increasing importance of schools and learning in the changing patterns of work and society is widely recognized. However, implementing and sustaining educational reforms pose major problems in all countries. This paper briefly: (1) summarizes conceptual trends in implementing educational change, (2) reviews the complexities of educational…

  1. Educational Reform Trends in the Western World: The Current Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papadopoulos, George S.

    1980-01-01

    Presents an overview of the main features and preoccupations of educational reform in the highly industrialized market economy countries of the Western world. Concludes that education must continue to demonstrate its will to change and play a major role in social change. (Author/DB)

  2. The State Data Analysis Gap: A Threat to Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheeky, Art

    2011-01-01

    Ever since the 2001 passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), states have faced a federal mandate to improve their ability to collect and analyze education data for the purpose of tracking and reporting the progress of their education reform efforts. With the assistance of federal funds, virtually all of the states are developing

  3. Healthy Competition and Unsound Comparison: Reforming Educational Competition in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Søren

    2015-01-01

    It is frequently claimed that the "competition state" responds to external competition by making competition increasingly central to its internal processes as well. This article discusses education reform in Singapore as departing from the opposite position. In Singapore "excessive" competition in education is now targeted by…

  4. Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levitt, Roberta

    2008-01-01

    Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

  5. Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Jay

    2007-01-01

    This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

  6. Knuckling Under? School Superintendents and Accountability-Based Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feuerstein, Abe

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this article is to explore the various ways that superintendents have responded to accountability-based educational reform efforts such as No Child Left Behind, the factors that have influenced their responses, and the implications of these responses for current and future educational leaders. With respect to the first issue, empirical…

  7. Connecting Higher Education to Public Schooling: Resistance to Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Janice Barnes

    America's Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley believes that the higher education community must be in a position to respond to raised standards for kindergarten through 12th-grade students. In fact, he said: "These two systems must collaborate to solve a problem that neither can address by itself." Initially, sweeping reform plans did not…

  8. Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sattler, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

  9. Educational Reform: Top-Down or Bottom-Up?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Robert M.

    1992-01-01

    Considers the role of states in implementing educational reform efforts. The Instructional Systems Development (ISD) approach to designing learner-centered instruction is explained; and Project IMPACT (Instructional Management by Parents, Community, and Teachers), an early application of this approach, is described. Educational improvement efforts…

  10. Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and

  11. Education Reform When Nations Undergo Radical Political and Social Transformation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Belle, Thomas J.; Ward, Christopher R.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes the relationship between radical social transformation and educational reform in Algeria, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, Iran, Mozambique, and Nicaragua. Examines seven policy areas before and after transformation: centralized control, access to education, tracking, curriculum, personnel, language of instruction, and literacy. (28 references) (SV)

  12. History, Myth, and the Politics of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reddick, Robert Nelson

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes the politics of education in the United States by considering the ideas and lives of Emma Willard and Catharine Beecher, nineteenth century educational reformers. It argues that understanding these women as American Antigones, as working through the contradictions between their public writing and their private lives, provides a…

  13. The Taxonomy of Educational Objectives Needs a Reformation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James S.

    This paper suggests and examines four ways in which the "Taxonomy of Educational Objectives" needs reforming. When a teacher assumes that all educational objectives belong to one of this taxonomy's three categories--cognitive, affective, or psychomotor--then trying to fit certain important kinds of objectives into the taxonomy becomes very…

  14. Not by Schools Alone: Sharing Responsibility for America's Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waddock, Sandra A.

    This book maintains that educational reform cannot occur in a vacuum. The theme of the book is that the problems faced by education are systemic and deeply embedded in family and social problems. Schools themselves must assume responsibility for change, and change must occur in the ways in which schools relate to outside constituencies. The…

  15. The Keys to Effective Schools: Educational Reform as Continuous Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawley, Willis D., Ed.

    Educational researchers and policy analysts concur increasingly that the organizational design and culture of schools can either enhance or hinder the effectiveness of school reform efforts. This book offers a series of essays that may help parents, educators, and policymakers understand and solve school organizational problems that get in the way

  16. Higher Education Reforms and Unintended Consequences: A Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krücken, Georg

    2014-01-01

    Higher education in Europe has undergone remarkable transformations over the last two decades. Germany is a very interesting case in point here. While the country was labeled as a laggard in the process, over the last decade the pace of higher education reforms in Germany has grown considerably. This paper will focus on the by now visible effects…

  17. Public and Private School Perspectives on Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamborn, Robert L.

    This paper considers factors contributing to the perspectives on educational reform held by educators in the public and private school systems of the United States and suggests a common perspective that can be used by both parties. The paper first defends four assertions: (1) the perspectives of those debating the appropriate roles of public and…

  18. Education Inputs, Student Performance and School Finance Reform in Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaudhary, Latika

    2009-01-01

    This paper estimates the impact of the Michigan school finance reform, "Proposal A," on education inputs and test scores. Using a difference-in-difference estimation strategy, I find that school districts in Michigan used the increase in educational spending generated through "Proposal A" to increase teacher salaries and reduce class size to a…

  19. Knuckling Under? School Superintendents and Accountability-Based Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feuerstein, Abe

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this article is to explore the various ways that superintendents have responded to accountability-based educational reform efforts such as No Child Left Behind, the factors that have influenced their responses, and the implications of these responses for current and future educational leaders. With respect to the first issue, empirical

  20. The Keys to Effective Schools: Educational Reform as Continuous Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawley, Willis D., Ed.

    Educational researchers and policy analysts concur increasingly that the organizational design and culture of schools can either enhance or hinder the effectiveness of school reform efforts. This book offers a series of essays that may help parents, educators, and policymakers understand and solve school organizational problems that get in the way…

  1. The Consortium for Higher Education Tax Reform Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Postsecondary and Economic Success, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This White Paper presents the work of the Consortium for Higher Education Tax Reform, a partnership funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation as part of the second phase of its Reimagining Aid Design and Delivery (RADD) initiative. Consortium partners are the Center for Postsecondary and Economic Success at CLASP, the Education Trust, New…

  2. Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Paul F.

    2013-01-01

    The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

  3. Rethinking Educational Reform: A Loosely Coupled and Complex Systems Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldspink, Chris

    2007-01-01

    This article critically examines two sets of ideas that have influenced educational reform in the recent past: managerialism and market approaches. It is argued that while each can be demonstrated to have led to useful change, neither provides a basis for future improvement in education. A recent example of change within the State School sector of…

  4. New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solhaug, Trond

    2011-01-01

    The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

  5. Teacher Education in Bhutan: Highlights and Challenges for Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanBalkom, W. Duffie; Sherman, Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students…

  6. Condition of America's Schools and Colleges. Hearing Examining Whether the Nation Is Meeting Its Education Goals and To Review Proposals To Reauthorize the Higher Education Act, Focusing on Problems and Reforms in Elementary and Secondary Education, Strengths and Weaknesses of Higher Education, and Access to Student Federal Aid Programs, before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

    This report provides a transcription of the speeches and written statements presented at a Senate hearing concerning the state of crisis within American education. The hearing examines whether the nation is meeting its education goals and reviews proposals to reauthorize the Higher Education Act. It focuses on problems and reforms in elementary…

  7. Comprehensive School Reform and Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Educator's Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

  8. The Role of Education and Training in Welfare Reform. Welfare Reform and Beyond. Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gueron, Judith M.; Hamilton, Gayle

    States have used variants of these three approaches to structure the welfare to-work component of welfare reform for single mothers: (1) put education or training first; (2) place job searching first; and (3) create a flexible program that allows staff and participants choice in the initial and subsequent activities. Research on these program…

  9. Understanding Educational Reform in Global Context: Economy, Ideology, and the State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Mark B., Ed.

    This book presents a set of national case studies on educational reform of higher education that views reform as processes of ideological and social struggles. The titles and authors are as follows: "Educational Reform: Social Struggles, the State and the World Economic System" (Mark B. Ginsburg, et al.); "Restructuring Education and the State in…

  10. Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

    2012-01-01

    The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

  11. Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

  12. Focus on Excellence. Secondary Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Jean T.

    The limited data available on secondary vocational education indicates that secondary vocational education is important. The leadership of the country and of Minnesota have recognized this through legislative endeavor and expenditures for programs. Analyses of statistics show that at least 78 percent of high school students need quality education…

  13. Secondary General Education Teachers' Attitudes toward Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Valerie A.

    2014-01-01

    Since the inception of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, educators have struggled with including students with disabilities in the general education classroom with their nondisabled peers. The inclusion educational model was utilized in this study to explore secondary teachers' attitudes toward inclusive educational…

  14. Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakes, Jeannie; Quartz, Karen Hunter; Ryan, Steve; Lipton, Martin

    Education reform based on technical and rational processes often short-circuits reform because it is uncontentious, abstract, and provides educators with no legitimate ways to question the marketplace values and policies that drive much contemporary school reform. The perspective referred to as "betterment" is an alternative reform that stresses…

  15. School Reform and Student Diversity, Volume II: Case Studies of Exemplary Practices for LEP Students. Studies of Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Paul; And Others

    Solving the challenges of educating language-minority students to the high standards expected of all children requires a willingness to reform the usual practices at many of today's public schools. This volume, the second in a series of three, presents findings of a study that examined exemplary school-reform efforts involving the education of…

  16. The Irrational Science of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Rick

    This paper discusses the problems encountered in applying rational and participatory models to school reform and presents an alternative model based on action research. The group processes of a school-improvement team (SIT) at a high school are examined. Data were collected through participant observation, interviews with three faculty members,…

  17. The Most Daring Education Reform of All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senechal, Diana

    2010-01-01

    As long as there have been public schools, there have been reformers of public schools. All too often, they have insisted on sweeping changes; enamored of their bold, new idea, they haven't considered whether anything established ought to endure. The result? A century of faddish ideas, but little real progress. Among today's most vocal reformers…

  18. Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pemberton, Janette E.

    The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education…

  19. The Evolution of Educational Reform in Thailand: The Thai Educational Paradox

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Gerald W.; Bi, Hui

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the evolution of educational reform in Thailand. Three major phases are identified. The special focus of the paper is an assessment of the third reform which began with the passage of the Office of the National Education Commission (ONEC) (2002). Design/methodology/approach: The…

  20. Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: From Past to Present. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The chapters in this volume give an account of the process of modernisation and educational reform in Russia, variously considering the cultural and political dilemmas provoked by democratisation, the structural and policy challenges associated with the reform of higher and vocational education, and the deep divisions exposed as socio-cultural…

  1. High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Jeongran

    2011-01-01

    Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study…

  2. Increasing the Openness of Education as an Approach to Promoting Educational Reform and Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jinqiu, He

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the main content of the portion on "increasing the openness of China's education" in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") and the key issues studied and discussed in the formulation process. Issues such as promoting reform and…

  3. Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zach, Sima; Inglis, Varda

    2013-01-01

    The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in…

  4. The Evolution of Educational Reform in Thailand: The Thai Educational Paradox

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Gerald W.; Bi, Hui

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the evolution of educational reform in Thailand. Three major phases are identified. The special focus of the paper is an assessment of the third reform which began with the passage of the Office of the National Education Commission (ONEC) (2002). Design/methodology/approach: The

  5. The National In-Service Courses for Science Teachers and Their Effect on Educational Reform in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Alejandra; Flores, Fernando; Gallegos, Leticia

    2005-01-01

    The educational system in Mexico has undergone important changes in recent decades. One of the most important took place in 1993, when the compulsory character of secondary school (ages 12-15) was established. National In-service Courses (NICs) were established as a way to bring curricular changes proposed in the reform near to the teachers. The…

  6. The Early Childhood and Elementary Education Continuum: Constructing an Understanding of P-3 as State-Level Policy Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauerz, Kristie Anne

    2009-01-01

    State-level policy attention to young children's early learning opportunities burgeons; a sense of urgency exists to identify reform agendas that are both effective and sustainable. "P-3" often is used as the term for the first level of a seamless P-20 system that stretches from early childhood through post-secondary education. While it is…

  7. The Early Childhood and Elementary Education Continuum: Constructing an Understanding of P-3 as State-Level Policy Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauerz, Kristie Anne

    2009-01-01

    State-level policy attention to young children's early learning opportunities burgeons; a sense of urgency exists to identify reform agendas that are both effective and sustainable. "P-3" often is used as the term for the first level of a seamless P-20 system that stretches from early childhood through post-secondary education. While it is

  8. The Change in Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Critical Thinking after 15 Years of Educational Reform in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Innabi, Hanan; El Sheikh, Omar

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates how mathematics secondary schools' teachers in Jordan perceive critical thinking and compares teachers' perceptions before and after educational reform. Data were collected from 12 schools twice: in 1988 and in 2004 by interviewing 47 Mathematics teachers. The interview included questions related to teachers' understanding…

  9. Implementing a reform-oriented pedagogy: challenges for novice secondary mathematics teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, Gary M.

    2014-06-01

    Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1991, 2007) Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics experience many stresses related to their attempts at student-centered instruction; prominent among those were novices' challenges when orchestrating whole-class mathematical discussions with students taking a central, substantive role. During such discussions, students offer conjectures, ideas, and solutions and use mathematical argumentation and verification processes. Such teaching can create uncertainty and stress as teachers occupy a revised teaching role. They avoid evaluating student ideas during class; instead, they ask questions to move students' thinking forward, pose problems that deepen students' mathematical understanding, and choose between competing directions the discussion may take. Ultimately, teachers decide whether to continue pursuing such teaching goals or revert back to more familiar, teacher-centered methods. Supportive networks showed promise at helping novices navigate their first few years of teaching; organized networks helped novices meet their teaching goals while limiting the impact of their challenges on their well-being and teaching goals. The results of this study may inform teacher educators, administrators, and colleagues on how to support novices in pursuing teaching better aligned with novices' teaching ideals and reformer's visions.

  10. Secondary Education in Bulgaria. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damianova-Ivanova, Antoaneta

    This publication, part of a series entitled "Guide to Secondary Education in Europe," contains a brief description of secondary education in Bulgaria. Chapter 1 offers a general overview of Bulgarian education, including educational policy and innovation, research and development, and information delivery services. The second and third chapters…

  11. The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polelo, Mompati Mino

    2009-01-01

    A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is

  12. The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polelo, Mompati Mino

    2009-01-01

    A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…

  13. Why Can't Ohio Equitably Fund Public Education? Education Reform Stifling Equitable Education Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Carlee Escue

    2015-01-01

    Ohio has a long history of school funding inequity. This manuscript provides a brief history of Ohio education funding, the equity and adequacy concerns. Education reform efforts have been expanding while the appropriate management of the funding mechanism has been underfunded or entirely ignored. The researcher examines the negative impact of…

  14. Reform-based science teaching: A mixed-methods approach to explaining variation in secondary science teacher practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jetty, Lauren E.

    The purpose of this two-phase, sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was to understand and explain the variation seen in secondary science teachers' enactment of reform-based instructional practices. Utilizing teacher socialization theory, this mixed-methods analysis was conducted to determine the relative influence of secondary science teachers' characteristics, backgrounds and experiences across their teacher development to explain the range of teaching practices exhibited by graduates from three reform-oriented teacher preparation programs. Data for this study were obtained from the Investigating the Meaningfulness of Preservice Programs Across the Continuum of Teaching (IMPPACT) Project, a multi-university, longitudinal study funded by NSF. In the first quantitative phase of the study, data for the sample (N=120) were collected from three surveys from the IMPPACT Project database. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the separate as well as the combined influence of factors such as teachers' personal and professional background characteristics, beliefs about reform-based science teaching, feelings of preparedness to teach science, school context, school culture and climate of professional learning, and influences of the policy environment on the teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. Findings indicate three blocks of variables, professional background, beliefs/efficacy, and local school context added significant contribution to explaining nearly 38% of the variation in secondary science teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. The five variables that significantly contributed to explaining variation in teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices in the full model were, university of teacher preparation, sense of preparation for teaching science, the quality of professional development, science content focused professional, and the perceived level of professional autonomy. Using the results from phase one, the second qualitative phase selected six case study teachers based on their levels of reform-based teaching practices to highlight teachers across the range of practices from low, average, to high levels of implementation. Using multiple interview sources, phase two helped to further explain the variation in levels of reform-based practices. Themes related to teachers' backgrounds, local contexts, and state policy environments were developed as they related to teachers' socialization experiences across these contexts. The results of the qualitative analysis identified the following factors differentiating teachers who enacted reform-based instructional practices from those who did not: 1) extensive science research experiences prior to their preservice teacher preparation; 2) the structure and quality of their field placements; 3) developing and valuing a research-based understanding of teaching and learning as a result of their preservice teacher preparation experiences; 4) the professional culture of their school context where there was support for a high degree of professional autonomy and receiving support from "educational companions" with a specific focus on teacher pedagogy to support student learning; and 5) a greater sense of agency to navigate their districts' interpretation and implementation of state polices. Implications for key stakeholders as well as directions for future research are discussed.

  15. Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Rural China: Achievements, Problems, and Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jiayi; Zhao, Zhichun

    2011-01-01

    The latest wave of basic education curriculum reform, carried out over the past ten years, has achieved significant results and promoted the development of rural education. There are still some problems in the reform of basic education in rural areas, however, such as a serious shortage of funds for rural school curriculum reform, the continuing…

  16. School Leadership Mentoring Characteristics in an Era of Significant Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monahan, Bobbie Jo

    2012-01-01

    The state of Indiana is undergoing substantial educational reform, as is the nation. Educational leaders are in great need of support as they address reform initiatives. The support that educational leaders receive from mentors/coaches may be a determining factor in how they embrace the latest reform and work with their school communities. The

  17. Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Rural China: Achievements, Problems, and Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jiayi; Zhao, Zhichun

    2011-01-01

    The latest wave of basic education curriculum reform, carried out over the past ten years, has achieved significant results and promoted the development of rural education. There are still some problems in the reform of basic education in rural areas, however, such as a serious shortage of funds for rural school curriculum reform, the continuing

  18. The Public Understanding of Assessment in Educational Reform in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2013-01-01

    The United States education system depends on legislation and funding at the federal, state and local levels. Public understanding of assessment therefore is important to educational reform in the USA. Educational reformers often invoke assessment information as a reason for reform, typically by citing unacceptable achievement on some measure or…

  19. School Leadership Mentoring Characteristics in an Era of Significant Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monahan, Bobbie Jo

    2012-01-01

    The state of Indiana is undergoing substantial educational reform, as is the nation. Educational leaders are in great need of support as they address reform initiatives. The support that educational leaders receive from mentors/coaches may be a determining factor in how they embrace the latest reform and work with their school communities. The…

  20. The Public Understanding of Assessment in Educational Reform in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2013-01-01

    The United States education system depends on legislation and funding at the federal, state and local levels. Public understanding of assessment therefore is important to educational reform in the USA. Educational reformers often invoke assessment information as a reason for reform, typically by citing unacceptable achievement on some measure or

  1. The History of Secondary Education in History of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCulloch, Gary

    2012-01-01

    "History of Education" has published a steady stream of papers on the history of secondary education over the first 40 years of its existence. This corpus of research has been generated in the context of renewed interest in the history of secondary education that has been stimulated by developments in social and historical inquiry as well as by…

  2. Planning for Secondary Vocational Education in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asche, F. Marion

    A literature review and analysis was undertaken in order to present policymakers in Georgia with broad overview of the issues related to planning in vocational education and to propose a modified programmatic model for vocational education that would incorporate contemporary thinking about the mission of secondary vocational education and…

  3. Introducing Environmental Education To the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Sean

    1995-01-01

    Contains part of a paper written in 1980 by a pioneer of environmental education examining the lack of extensive introduction of environmental education into secondary schools. Argues that school administrators and staff must consider the situation and implement environmental education in some form. Offers a widely accepted brief to help them.

  4. New Directions for Technological and Vocational Education Reform in Taiwan, Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Robert T. Y.

    Changes caused by technology, economy, society, and education have necessitated reform of technological and vocational education (TVE) in Taiwan. Recommended reforms are as follows: relaxing educational regulations, accepting every student into higher education, streamlining channels to higher education, raising educational quality, and creating a…

  5. Sociocultural Origins of Turkish Educational Reforms and Ideological Origins of Late Ottoman Intellectuals (1908-1930)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunduz, Mustafa

    2009-01-01

    The modern Turkish state and society have been greatly influenced by reforms of the education system. Second Constitutional Period reforms can be viewed as the preparatory stage of Republican reforms and a time when many of the later reforms were planned and given limited application. In this way both periods contributed to the foundation of…

  6. Sociocultural Origins of Turkish Educational Reforms and Ideological Origins of Late Ottoman Intellectuals (1908-1930)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunduz, Mustafa

    2009-01-01

    The modern Turkish state and society have been greatly influenced by reforms of the education system. Second Constitutional Period reforms can be viewed as the preparatory stage of Republican reforms and a time when many of the later reforms were planned and given limited application. In this way both periods contributed to the foundation of

  7. Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Wu-Tien

    2004-01-01

    This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is…

  8. Education and Empire: Democratic Reform in the Arab World?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrera, Linda

    2008-01-01

    Democracy and related concepts--human rights, active learning, civic participation, gender empowerment, and global citizenship--have become the international policy mantras of the post-Cold War era, or what many have labeled a neoimperial order. These bedrock principles of global educational reforms are supposed to contribute to processes of…

  9. School Leadership and Three Waves of Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yin Cheong

    2003-01-01

    This paper aims to report how school leadership is challenged by the three waves of education reform and development in Hong Kong. Since the 1970s, school leaders in the first wave were mainly concerned with achievement of the planned goals through improvement of teaching and learning. In the 1990s, school leaders of the second wave often focused…

  10. The Common Core "State" Standards: The Arts and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wexler, Alice

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, Alice Wexler notes that as the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) become reality, teachers have reason for concern. She contends that this reform to public education has consequently marginalized the arts and exacerbated the inequities of people in poverty and those with disabilities. Teachers, principals and, ultimately,…

  11. Education Reform in Bolivia: Transitions towards Which Future?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arrueta, Jose Antonio; Avery, Helen

    2012-01-01

    This article concerns the impact of educational reforms on young people in Bolivian society as they transition into adulthood, against the backdrop of globalisation and far-reaching structural changes. Ethnicity and cultural capital are linked in complex ways with social stratification in Bolivia. In a pluricultural society, the language of…

  12. National Assessment and the Opportunity to Learn in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.; Mereku, Kofi D.; Amedahe, Francis K.; Etsey, Kofui; Adu, John

    2013-01-01

    Over two decades, national assessments in Ghana have revealed generally poor performances across curriculum-based tests for primary school (Grades 1-6). Various reform agendas have been applied to the education system, sometimes with isolated success, but the overall performances remained stable and low. Surveying teacher mentors in schools

  13. Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papadimitriou, Antigoni

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…

  14. Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galway, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

  15. Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

    2006-01-01

    Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

  16. Emergent Evaluation and Educational Reforms in Latin America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinic, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this chapter is to characterize educational reforms in Latin America over the last 25 years, and the way they reflect the role, method, and use of evaluation processes. The main theoretical and methodological tensions that are created by the development of evaluations will be reviewed, concluding with the identification of some of the…

  17. Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Wu-Tien

    2004-01-01

    This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is

  18. Academic Management and Administration System Reform in Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xianming, Xiang

    2006-01-01

    Reforms in colleges and universities should promote the humanistic character of higher education--rather than simply serve for pure economic production--but also observe the sacred mission of transmitting and creating culture and knowledge, with these two possessing momentous differences. These then demand rationality in academic management to…

  19. U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

  20. No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkovich, Izhak

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

  1. The Higher Education System in Macedonia: Overview, Reforms, and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stojanov, Georgi; Angeloska-Galevska, Natasha

    2006-01-01

    The system of higher education in Macedonia is undergoing the largest reform process since the mid-1940s. The context is rather turbulent. Fourteen years after Macedonia's separation from the Yugoslav Federation, this small country now deals with an unstable political situation (the Kosovo question) and awaits an answer from Brussels (expected in…

  2. America Y2K: The Obsolescence of Educational Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorn, Sherman

    2000-01-01

    Notes the passing of the deadline for fulfillment of the national education goals in the United States, the beginning of the year 2000, and indicates that pressures on schools to solve social problems will continue to make school reform a politically opportune and very visible issue. (SLD)

  3. Education Reform in Hong Kong and the Paradigm Shift.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fok, Shui Che

    Hong Kong has always been proud of its economic achievement of the past decades. However, the economic turmoil that swept over East Asia has revealed the weakness in its economy, which, in turn, urges Hong Kong to reform its education system to meet the challenge of this era of information technology. There are many problems in Hong Kong's…

  4. School-Based Management: The Next Needed Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, James W.

    1986-01-01

    Recommends the implementation of school-based management systems as one way to meet government demands for educational reform. Describes the functions of principals, school advisory councils, school-site budgeting and accounting, and annual planning and performance reports in successful school-based management systems. Presents examples of…

  5. Balancing the Readiness Equation in Early Childhood Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Christopher P.

    2010-01-01

    As policy-makers continue to implement early childhood education reforms that frame the field as a mechanism that is to ready children for elementary school success, questions arise as to how the multiple variables in the readiness equation, such as the child, family, and program, are affected by these policies. The instrumental case study…

  6. EFL and Educational Reform: Content-Based Instruction in Argentina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Marguerite Ann; Cortes, Viviana; Pron, Alejandra V.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses initial experiences with content-based instruction in Argentina. The new approach was precipitated in part by educational reform. Suggests that the dramatic shift from a grammar-based approach to a communicative approach, and the use of language as a tool for instruction may become overwhelming for most teachers. (Author/VWL)

  7. The Higher Education System in Macedonia: Overview, Reforms, and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stojanov, Georgi; Angeloska-Galevska, Natasha

    2006-01-01

    The system of higher education in Macedonia is undergoing the largest reform process since the mid-1940s. The context is rather turbulent. Fourteen years after Macedonia's separation from the Yugoslav Federation, this small country now deals with an unstable political situation (the Kosovo question) and awaits an answer from Brussels (expected in

  8. The Culture of Education Policy Making: Curriculum Reform in Shanghai

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a "global assemblage". A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper

  9. Who Could Most Effectively Influence Collegiate Business Education Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, John A., II

    1999-01-01

    Responses from 263 (of 919) business faculty surveyed identified groups that could influence education reform: primarily internal stakeholders such as top administrators, key alumni, students and parents, and colleagues. External sources such as media or potential employers were regarded as less influential. (SK)

  10. Continuing Challenges and Potential for Collaborative Approaches to Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodilly, Susan J.; Karam, Rita; Orr, Nate

    2011-01-01

    The Ford Foundation began the Collaborating for Education Reform Initiative (CERI) in 1997-1998 by issuing grants and providing grantees with funds, guidance, and technical assistance to develop collaboratives and carry out activities to improve teaching and learning. CERI's collaborative activities were directed at three possible community…

  11. Multilingual Educational Reform and Teacher Training in Ethiopia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Benson

    1996-01-01

    Examines the political implications of linguistic policy and reports on a recent visit to an Ethiopian Teachers' Training Institute. The article discusses the difficulties inherent in the imposition of major educational reform under severe resource restraints. (20 references) (Author/CK)

  12. Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balch, Stephen H.

    2007-01-01

    In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

  13. Educational Reforms in Morocco: Evolution and Current Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Llorent-Bedmar, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    Since 1956, the year in Morocco achieved independence, until now, the school system has been the subject of many discussions and controversies in the most varied areas of the country. We provide data on the educational situation. We analyze the reforms from a critical perspective, ending with final proposals. He underlined that the sector was…

  14. Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

    2006-01-01

    Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two

  15. Funding Impediments to Education Reform in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meckley, Richard

    1986-01-01

    Prospects for financing educational reform in West Virginia are grim. Added to the state's high unemployment rate are the following problems: declining sales, income, and property tax revenues and erosion of federal support due to Gramm-Rudman-Hollings. Residents have set other priorities for public funding. Includes five references. (MLH)

  16. The Impact of Ecological Factors on Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Michael

    This study investigated the ecological factors that affect structural school reform implementation in Israel. The sample used was the whole student population that appeared in the 1972 census. By raising educational achievement levels, restructuring the learning sequence, and rezoning ethnically and economically segregated areas to promote…

  17. Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papadimitriou, Antigoni

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed

  18. Notes From the Field: Education Reform in Rural Kentucky, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Notes From the Field: Education Reform in Rural Kentucky, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This document consists of the two issues in the third volume (covering 1993) of "Notes from the Field," a serial documenting a 5-year study of the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) of 1990 in four rural Kentucky school districts. The first issue addresses implementation of an ungraded primary program in eight elementary…

  19. Teachers' Perceptions of the Teaching Profession and Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Fred M., Jr.; Page, Jane A.

    This study sought to determine the views of teachers in 40 school systems in the service area of Southeast Georgia (SEGA) on teaching as a career and a variety of educational reform issues. Specific questions addressed by the study were: (1) How do teachers in SEGA perceive the teaching profession as a career opportunity? (2) How do SEGA teachers…

  20. What Education Reformers Should Do about Collective Bargaining

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenthal, Daniel M.

    2014-01-01

    Restrictions on collective bargaining are spreading. But while reformers are right to question current labor practices in education, they're wrong to believe that bargaining prohibitions will solve the problems. A smarter approach would begin by putting down the sledgehammer wielded in Wisconsin and picking up a scalpel by pushing for laws…

  1. Rethinking the World Bank Agenda for Chinese Higher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jinyuan

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the way in which the World Bank has worked effectively with China in higher education. It investigates whether or not the cooperation between the two has changed in line with their changing relationship. More specifically, it discusses whether the World Bank's China agenda reflects the reform package of…

  2. The Culture of Discourse on Educational Reform in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teasley, Cathryn

    2004-01-01

    Where the education of subaltern multicultural student collectives is concerned, the case of contemporary developments in the discourse of reform in Spain is particularly poignant. A critical engagement with that discourse and its greater sociocultural context reveals some of the subtle ways in which cultural alterity comes to be represented. And…

  3. The "Third Sector" and Education Reform: Some Metaphors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Bob

    1990-01-01

    Because their resources are inadequate, philanthropic foundations cannot bring about educational reform by themselves. Foundations are best when serving as midwives, parking garages, conversations pits, burning glasses (to focus thought), levers, and lighthouse tenders. The American people are responsible for acting voluntarily to support public…

  4. Place Matters: Mathematics Education Reform in Urban Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousseau Anderson, Celia

    2014-01-01

    While mathematics education research has often focused at the level of the classroom (Rousseau Anderson & Tate, 2008), there are emerging calls for attention to shift from individual classrooms to consider the process of reform at the school or district level. Investigating the role of the institution and conditions of the organization becomes…

  5. Health Care Reform and Medical Education: Forces toward Generalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neil, Edward H.; Seifer, Sarena D.

    1995-01-01

    Health care reforms will dramatically change the culture of medical schools in areas of patient care, research, and education programs. Academic medical centers must construct mutually beneficial partnerships that will position them to take advantage of the opportunities rather than leave them without the diversity of resources needed to make…

  6. The Culture of Education Policy Making: Curriculum Reform in Shanghai

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a "global assemblage". A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper…

  7. Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datnow, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

  8. The Policy Formation Process and Educational Reform in Norway.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Val D.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the social corporatism model of policy formation as it has contributed to various cycles of Norwegian educational reform since the mid-1800s. Concludes that, although corporatism is a tool of social control, it also provides a feasible mechanism for revolutionary policy formation. Contains 39 references. (SV)

  9. Symposium: Language Assessment in Standards-Based Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menken, Kate; Hudson, Thom; Leung, Constant

    2014-01-01

    This symposium article, to which three authors contribute distinct parts, presents the rationale for standards-based language assessment and examines both the uses and misuses of language assessments in English-speaking countries that are engaged in standards-based education reform. Specifically, they focus on the assessment of emergent bilinguals…

  10. A Union of Professionals: Labor Relations and Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerchner, Charles Taylor; Koppich, Julia E.

    This book examines the changing role of teacher unions in the educational reform movement. It contains nine case studies of unions across the United States that are forging new, collaborative relationships with management in a reconceptualization of "professional unionism." Chapters include: (1) "Building the Airplane While It's Rolling Down the…

  11. National Assessment and the Opportunity to Learn in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.; Mereku, Kofi D.; Amedahe, Francis K.; Etsey, Kofui; Adu, John

    2013-01-01

    Over two decades, national assessments in Ghana have revealed generally poor performances across curriculum-based tests for primary school (Grades 1-6). Various reform agendas have been applied to the education system, sometimes with isolated success, but the overall performances remained stable and low. Surveying teacher mentors in schools…

  12. Cooperative Test Construction: The Last Temptation of Educational Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharifi Ashtiani, Nahid; Babaii, Esmat

    2007-01-01

    For decades traditional methods of testing have been criticized for saying relatively little reliably about students' ability as well as causing anxiety, which can negatively affect students' recall of learned information. The reform movement with its innovative approaches focusing on learner-centered education perceives assessment as an…

  13. Symposium: Language Assessment in Standards-Based Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menken, Kate; Hudson, Thom; Leung, Constant

    2014-01-01

    This symposium article, to which three authors contribute distinct parts, presents the rationale for standards-based language assessment and examines both the uses and misuses of language assessments in English-speaking countries that are engaged in standards-based education reform. Specifically, they focus on the assessment of emergent bilinguals

  14. Rethinking Education Reform in the Age of George Bush.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    1989-01-01

    School reformers must reclaim schools in the interest of extending democracy, combating domestic tyranny, and preventing assaults on human dignity, rather than myopically pursuing competitive test scores. The role of the teacher must be socially redefined, and learning for empowerment advanced. Techniques for financing education must also be…

  15. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy…

  16. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy

  17. National efforts to reform residency education in surgery.

    PubMed

    Sachdeva, Ajit K; Bell, Richard H; Britt, L D; Tarpley, John L; Blair, Patrice Gabler; Tarpley, Margaret J

    2007-12-01

    Major changes in surgical practice and myriad external mandates have affected residency education in surgery. The traditional surgery residency education and training model has come under scrutiny, and calls for major reform of this model have been made by a variety of stakeholders. The American Surgical Association appointed a Blue Ribbon Committee in 2002 to consider the recent changes in surgical practice and surgical education and propose solutions that would ensure a well-educated and well-trained surgical workforce for the future. This committee included representatives from the American Surgical Association, the American College of Surgeons, the American Board of Surgery, and the Residency Review Committee for Surgery. The committee made several far-reaching recommendations relating to residency education in surgery. After the Blue Ribbon Committee completed its task in 2004, representatives from the aforementioned four organizations, the Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and the Association for Surgical Education created a national consortium called the Surgical Council on Resident Education (SCORE). This consortium is pursuing efforts to reform residency education in surgery and implement several key recommendations of the Blue Ribbon Committee. The principal area of focus of SCORE is the development of a national curriculum for surgery residency education and training. Other activities of SCORE include the development of a Web site to support surgery residency education and pursuit of international collaboration. SCORE's efforts will be key to offering surgery residents the best educational experiences, preparing residents for future practice, and supporting delivery of surgical care of the highest quality. The authors examine the current state of residency education in surgery and explore efforts underway to reform this educational model. PMID:18046129

  18. Curriculum reform in baccalaureate nursing education: review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Forbes, Maryann O; Hickey, Mary T

    2009-01-01

    The debate surrounding the need for reform in nursing education has been heard for well over a decade. Recently, deficiencies in the quality of patient care, as well as patient safety issues, have led to calls for change in health professions education by nursing organizations and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The rationale and scope of any proposed curricular revision or changes in teaching practices must be firmly grounded in a comprehensive review of the literature and based on current research findings. This article synthesizes the recent literature related to curriculum reform and innovation in nursing education. Four themes were identified in the literature: incorporating safety and quality in nursing education, re-designing conceptual frameworks, strategies to address content laden curricula, and teaching using alternative pedagogies. Synthesis of the recent literature in the field will assist faculty who are beginning the curriculum evaluation and revision process in their own schools. PMID:19725808

  19. Synthesis of Findings from 15?years of Educational Reform in Thailand: Lessons on Leading Educational Change in East Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.

    2013-01-01

    The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about…

  20. Synthesis of Findings from 15?years of Educational Reform in Thailand: Lessons on Leading Educational Change in East Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.

    2013-01-01

    The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about