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1

Economic Change, Educational Needs, and Secondary School Reform in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines educational trends and economic change in Swedish secondary schools since 1960. Topics discussed include job structure, labor needs, labor organizations, curriculum reform, objectives of the nine-year basic school, aptitude and achievement, vocational versus academic courses, and instructional innovation. (Author/DB)

Willmann, Bodo

1977-01-01

2

Regulation and deregulation in education policy: new reforms and school sports in Swedish upper secondary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1990s, neoliberal reforms in Sweden increased local school actors’ possibilities to develop school profiles regarding both organization and content. This restructuring has increased the total number of school sports programs as well as the possibilities for upper secondary schools and sports clubs to develop elite and amateur sports on a local level. In a new educational reform, the

Stefan Lund

2012-01-01

3

Recipients, Agents, or Partners?: The Contradictions of Teacher Participation in Mexican Secondary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The countries of Latin America have been no exception to global calls for educational transformation and teacher professionalization at the secondary level. One of the newest of these reforms is Mexico's Reforma de la Educacion Secundaria (RS) (Reform of Secondary Education), launched in 2006. This article examines portrayals by various actors of…

Levinson, Bradley A.; Blackwood, Janet; Cross, Valerie

2013-01-01

4

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Secondary Schools in Egypt: Perceived Consequences of Educational Reform for Quality and Equality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers as “key actors” in the educational processes may promote, modify, or challenge educational reforms drawing upon their\\u000a own meanings and perceptions of the reforms. This chapter examines teachers’ perceptions of a 1997 secondary education reform\\u000a in Egypt, which was implemented during its first phase (1999- 2006) as the Secondary Education Enhancement Project. The reform\\u000a was planned to convert hundreds

Nagwa M. Megahed

5

Facing the Knowledge Society: Reforming Secondary Education in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Education Working Paper Series. Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to describe and analyze the development and reforms of secondary education in Hong Kong and Shanghai over the past 25 years. Comparing the two cities is useful in constructing a spectrum of possibilities on the one hand, and identifying some common themes in the development of secondary education on the other. The…

Cheng, Kai Ming; Yip, Hak Kwong

2006-01-01

6

Reconceptualised life skills in secondary education in the African context: Lessons learnt from reforms in Ghana  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an emphasis on developing specific technical vocational skills considered essential for employability or self-employment. Using Ghana as an example, this paper shows how secondary education curriculum reformers recommended shifts that embraced a new interpretation of life skills focused on 21st-century skills. This gradual move also reflected the difficulty that secondary education in general has had in networking with the world of work to provide work experience that would lead to the development of work-related skills and enhance employability. The author's main argument is that although the reconceptualisation of life skills in secondary education to reflect 21st-century skills is a welcome shift in the African context, this needs to be accompanied by reforms in teacher education. Classroom teaching and learning need to be adapted in a fundamental way in order to ensure that youth fully benefit from the inclusion of 21st-century life skills in secondary education curricula. Such reforms must include pedagogical practices which nurture communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking skills.

Akyeampong, Kwame

2014-04-01

7

Reforming New Zealand Secondary Education: The Picot Report and the Road to Radical Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the late 1980s, the report "Administering for Excellence" (the Picot Report), and the Labour Government's definitive policy response, "Tomorrow's Schools," ushered in a new era in New Zealand. In what was seen as a decisive stroke, New Zealand's 110 year old three-tiered education system was swept away to be replaced by a two-component…

Openshaw, Roger

2009-01-01

8

Resource and Technology: A Beacon for Change in the Reform of Jamaica's Secondary Education System--or a "Pipedream"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T)…

Jennings, Zellynne

2012-01-01

9

Regulation and Deregulation in Education Policy: New Reforms and School Sports in Swedish Upper Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1990s, neoliberal reforms in Sweden increased local school actors' possibilities to develop school profiles regarding both organization and content. This restructuring has increased the total number of school sports programs as well as the possibilities for upper secondary schools and sports clubs to develop elite and amateur…

Lund, Stefan

2014-01-01

10

Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational

Franklin, Barry M.

2012-01-01

11

Reform of Secondary Mathematics Education in High-Performing Rural Schools. Working Paper No. 36  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools, like others in the nation, are enjoined to use national and state standards as the basis for educational reform. Moreover, national standards for mathematics education were established early (1989) and have been disseminated widely. Nevertheless, little is known about the dynamics of standards-based reform of mathematics in rural…

Howley, Aimee; Howley, Craig B.; Helm, Virginia

2007-01-01

12

Critical Literacy, Educational Investment, and the Blueprint for Reform: An Analysis of the Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes, "A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act," a recently released report from the U.S. Department of Education. It begins with an analysis of the strengths of the report. The Blueprint argues for increased college access and more federal attention to public education. In…

Morrell, Ernest

2010-01-01

13

Reforming Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue highlights the diversity of reform initiatives in order to provide a deep understanding of the complexities associated with educational reform in general and the reform of science education in particular. Systemic reform initiatives at the national and state levels along with locally-inspired efforts at reform are outlined.…

Donmoyer, Robert, Ed.; Merryfield, Merry M., Ed.

1995-01-01

14

Curriculum Reform and Restructuring of Senior Secondary Science Education in Hong Kong: Teachers' Perceptions and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the restructuring of the senior secondary education system in Hong Kong in 2009, the senior secondary curriculum was overhauled substantially by the conversion of the two-year Certificate Level and the two-year Advanced Level to a new three-year senior secondary level. This process entails changes to the contents and organization of various…

Yeung, Yau-Yuen; Lee, Yeung-Chung; Lam, Irene Chung-Man

2012-01-01

15

Sex wars: Conflict in, and reform of, sex education in maintained secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Act 1993 made the provision of sex education compulsory in all maintained secondary schools for the first time. Additionally, parents were given an unconditional right to withdraw their child from sex education lessons. Given the current concerns about the sexual lifestyle of the young in the UK, highlighted by the White Paper; The Health of the Nation, this

Clare Furniss; Ann Blair

1997-01-01

16

A Blueprint for Reform. The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On Saturday, March 13, the Obama administration released its blueprint for revising the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), which would ask states to adopt college- and career-ready standards and reward schools for producing dramatic gains in student achievement. The proposal challenges the nation to embrace educational standards that…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

17

The influence of secondary science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, educational beliefs and perceptions of the curriculum on implementation and science reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education reform is one of the focal points of restructuring the educational system in the United States. However, research indicates a slow change in progression towards science literacy among secondary students. One of the factors contributing to slow change is how teachers implement the curriculum in the classroom. Three constructs are believed to be influential in curriculum implementation: educational

Portia Selene Bonner

2001-01-01

18

Educational Reform and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform

Milne, Ann M., Ed.

19

Resource and Technology: A beacon for change in the reform of Jamaica's secondary education system - or a "pipedream"?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T) was an innovation designed to develop the creative potential in technology and to transform pedagogical practices from being teacher-centred to being student-centred. This paper examines how teachers and principals involved in the implementation of R&T perceive its attributes, such as need and relevance and observability. The findings reveal how the achievement of goals was frustrated and which challenges the users faced, including a lack of clarity of the means for implementing R&T.

Jennings, Zellynne

2012-04-01

20

Choice Paths in the Swedish Upper Secondary Education--A Critical Discourse Analysis of Recent Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decentralisation policy in Sweden emphasises school capitation allowance, the local upper secondary schools' decision-making and pupils' choices in contrast to previous bureaucratic governing. The aim of this article is to discuss how pupils' educational choice paths are a part of the different kinds of integration and differentiation processes…

Lund, Stefan

2008-01-01

21

Addressing Inclusion in an Era of Education Reform: Dispositions of Secondary and Elementary Pre-Service Educators in the Pipeline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate possible changes in the dispositions of preservice educators toward the inclusion of students with disabilities after participation in a required introductory inclusion class. The sample included 479 students (207 secondary/content specialists; 272 elementary/generalists: early childhood educators,…

Lambert, Connie; Curran, Christina M.; Prigge, Debra J.; Shorr, David

2005-01-01

22

Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

23

Hungary: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

24

Poland: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

25

Romania: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

26

Russia: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

27

The Relationship of an Ecological Model of Career Development to Authentic Learning. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief discusses how the Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities model, Schools of Authentic Inclusive Learning (SAIL), and career development constructs and processes intersect. The brief provides an overview of SAIL, of authentic and inclusive learning, and of career development theory, while…

Collet-Klingenberg, Lana L.; Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Stuart, Shannon

28

Educational Reform in Louisiana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education has appealed to southern governors as a catapult to historical recognition, future governors should consider Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer's ill-fated educational reform plan for Louisiana State University's College of Education, particularly its teacher evaluation and internship program. Public education seems a low-priority…

Maxcy, Spencer J.; Maxcy, Doreen O.

1993-01-01

29

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

30

Educational Reform in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oklahoma's answer to the cry for reform and involvement in education emerged as House Bill 1017, a comprehensive $223 million school reform and tax act. This article reviews the HR 1017 story, focusing on its legislative enactment history and offering a content analysis of mandated changes in finance, personnel, governance, student assessment,…

Butorac, Marylin M.; First, Patricia F.

1994-01-01

31

Educational Reform in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommendations for the reform of the administrative structure, curriculum and methods, and equality of Thailand's educational system are provided. This journal is available from the Unesco Regional Office for Education in Asia, Darakarn Building, 920 Sukhumvit Road, P.O. Box 1425, Bangkok, Thailand.

Bennett, Nicholas

1975-01-01

32

Setting Things Right? Swedish Upper Secondary School Reform in a 40-Year Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…

Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda

2010-01-01

33

Basic Education Reform in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the general process and outcomes of basic education reform in the context of changes in the educational system of China. Identifies lessons the Chinese reform experience can offer other developing countries. (SLD)

Wang, Chengzhi; Zhou, Quanhua

2002-01-01

34

MATHEMATICS EDUCATION REFORM IN HONG KONG  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of mathematics education in Hong Kong and the education reform it is experiencing. The original mathematics curricula had been successful in certain ways (as demonstrated by the achievements of Hong Kong students who placed fourth in TIMSS); however, there were also negative aspects. The revision in both primary and secondary mathematics education aims to shift

Louisa Lam

35

Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

Qi, Jie

2009-01-01

36

Aggressive Behaviour Among Swazi Upper Primary and Junior Secondary Students: Implications For Ongoing Educational Reforms Concerning Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Swaziland is planning to introduce inclusive education as part of education for all. The innovation may benefit learners with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD). A purposive teacher sample (N = 47) was used to generate and identify behavioural problems that are prevalent in Swazi schools. Aggression was one of the many conduct disorders…

Mundia, Lawrence

2006-01-01

37

Educational Reforms through Political Action: The Case of Kerala, India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The people of Kerala are among the most politically conscious and active in India. A number of educational reforms have occurred through political action. Three of the most notable of these reforms are: (1) The Private Secondary School Scheme of 1955; (2) the Kerala Education Act of 1958 and the Kerala Education Rules of 1959; and (3) the current…

Padavil, George

38

International Handbook of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

39

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

40

Secondary Education in Nepal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of education in Nepal from its beginnings in indigenous education associated with Hindu and Buddhist religions to the present democratic period, which began in 1971 and entails a reform in curriculum and school organization. (JH)

Butler, Lucius

1973-01-01

41

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

42

Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

Hamano, Takashi

2008-01-01

43

Education Reform: A Governor's View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enactment of South Carolina's Education Improvement Act of 1984 taught several lessons about successful education reform. The law provides for raising student performance by increasing academic standards; strengthening the teaching and testing of basic skills; elevating the teaching profession; improving leadership, management, and fiscal…

Riley, Richard W.

44

Professional Development Design: Embedding Educational Reform in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher professional development variously supports ongoing skill development, new knowledge, and systems change. In New Zealand, the implementation of major assessment reforms in senior secondary schools provided opportunity to investigate teacher professional development as a function of the particular stage of an educational reform.…

Starkey, Louise; Yates, Anne; Meyer, Luanna H.; Hall, Cedric; Taylor, Mike; Stevens, Susan; Toia, Rawiri

2009-01-01

45

Reforms to Funding Education in Four Canadian Provinces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an analysis of the features, determinants, and effects of a series of reforms to funding the primary and secondary education systems in Alberta, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba during the past two decades. The principal focus is on the reforms that have shifted the authority for setting property tax mill rates for…

Garcea, Joseph

2014-01-01

46

Reform in Mathematics Education in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses reform in mathematics education in Malaysia since the late sixties until early 1982, highlighting important features of the reform and main factors, including educational background and contributions to the shaping of these features. Educational problems/issues likely to influence a forthcoming reform in the wider context of educational

Seng, Lee Chuan

1982-01-01

47

Educational Reform in Teacher Education in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the reorganization of Japanese colleges and faculties of education in response to the educational reform movement. This response includes establishment of graduate programs of teacher education and curricular changes to improve teacher competence. The first section of the paper outlines the evolution of public policy aimed at…

Mizoue, Yasushi; Inoue, Wataru

48

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

49

Hearing on Education Reform and Related Issues before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives. One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session (Phoenix, AZ, March 21, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains testimonies and prepared statements from a congressional hearing on educational issues held in Arizona. Statements and testimonies address education reform, school financing, equalization, site-based management, federal programs, vocational education, and American Indian education, among other issues. Included are opening…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

50

Considerations for Education Reform in British Columbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countries around the world refer to twenty-first century education as essential to maintaining personal and national economic advantage and draw on this discourse to advocate for and embark on educational reform. This paper examines issues around education reform, particularly in British Columbia. It argues that reformers should give careful…

Santos, Ana

2012-01-01

51

Education Reforms in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Malaysia's agenda in the late 1990s involved making the transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge-based economy. Thus, the more traditional purpose of education, that is, to produce an educated person, needs to be reevaluated. If the nation's Vision 2020 is to become a reality, the educational program needs to make a fundamental shift…

Yunus, Aida Suraya Muhammad

52

Educational reform: Implications for educational psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Holmes Group report, titled Tomorrow's Teachers (1986), and the report of the Carnegie Forum on Education and the Economy, titled A Nation Prepared: Teachers for the 21st Century (1986), contain major reform proposals that have implications for educational psychologists. To understand the nature of these proposals, we performed a content analysis of the Holmes and Carnegie documents and constructed

Stephen L. Benton; Kenneth B. Hoyt

1990-01-01

53

Caught between Fantasy and Reality: Confucian Values and Dilemmas of Education Reform Confronting Hong Kong's Secondary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Chinese society, there are two Confucian teachings that have become guiding values for many teachers and have had profound influence on their educational practices for nearly 2,500 years. These values are "yin cai shi jiao" and "you jiao wu lei." The direct translation of yin cai shi jiao is "to carry out teaching based on the material." The…

Tam, Frank Wai-Ming; Lai, Manhong; Lam, Ka-Ka

2007-01-01

54

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

Giles, Corrie

2008-01-01

55

Educational Reform and Renewal in Contemporary Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is one of a series of Office of Education publications on educational developments in other countries. It describes and analyzes in social, economic, and historical context the educational changes mandated in Spain by the Education Reform Law of 1970, one of contemporary Europe's most far-reaching plans for educational reform and…

Brickman, William W.

56

Tobephobia experienced by teachers in secondary schools: An exploratory study focusing on curriculum reform in the Nelson Mandela Metropole  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of its history from apartheid to democracy, the aspiration to reform schools is a recurrent theme in South African education. Efforts to reform education in schools based on the outcomes-based education (OBE) curriculum approach created major challenges for policy makers in South Africa. The purpose of this exploratory research was therefore to determine whether secondary school teachers lack the

P. Singh

2011-01-01

57

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators\\u000a since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of\\u000a globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their capacity for innovative self-renewal.\\u000a Yet, much

Corrie Giles

2008-01-01

58

Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…

Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping

2008-01-01

59

Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people believe that future reforms of education should focus on the primary mission of elementary and secondary schools and that these schools must be held more accountable for the academic performance of their students. This book brings together researchers from various disciplines--most notably economics, educational policy and management,…

Ladd, Helen F., Ed.

60

The Challenges of Educational Reform in Modern-Day Peru  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine a nationwide effort of educational reform in Peru. Specifically, the authors take a close look at the nation's efforts to change secondary education through the implementation of a 2-year postsecondary learning opportunity called the "bachillerato." First, the authors briefly present the contextual…

McDonald, Jane; Lammert, Jill

2006-01-01

61

Utah's Educational Reform Programs, 1991-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 1983, the Utah Education Reform Steering Committee issued the report "Education in Utah: A Call to Action." To meet Utah's double challenge of rapid growth and quality enhancement, the report stated that Utah needed to: (1) increase the allocation of financial resources to education; (2) demand reforms in many aspects of education; and…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

62

Reforming Reforms: Changing Incentives in Education Finance in Vermont  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Vermont passed Act 60, which reformed its education finance system to achieve greater equality of spending. The reform encouraged wealthy towns to reduce spending; it was politically unpopular and was replaced, in 2004, by Act 68. We analyze the spending incentives created by the two acts and estimate the effects the change will have on…

Schmidt, Stephen J.; Scott, Karen

2006-01-01

63

Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

2007-01-01

64

Educational Reform in Viet Nam: A Process of Change or Continuity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Vietnamese educational reforms of the 1990s, aimed at modernizing education to support Vietnam's wide-ranging market reforms. Discusses the structure of preschool through higher education; the cluttered lower secondary school curriculum, rigidly tied to textbook content and teacher training; rural disadvantage and lesser access to…

Duggan, Stephen

2001-01-01

65

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take, for example, the various SSI's statements of "good educational practice." Most SSI's began their initiatives by establishing clear goals for what students should know and be able to do, reflecting the emergence of a national consensus for broad standards for just about every aspect of the educational process. The concerned persons in each SSI--policy-makers, educators, mathematicians, and scientists--have not necessarily reached the same conclusions about what children should learn or even what efforts are needed to put the necessary changes in place, but they are focused on common goals as expressed locally. The recent national dialogues about goals and standards have provided the basis for a remarkably consistent image of what states--at least the SSI states--consider good educational practice. The differences that do occur across states reflect variations in demographics, geography, resources, values, and educational structure. All the states with SSI's, regardless of their primary strategy, have address the professional development of teachers. Collectively, the SSI's reported that professional development services were provided to more than 50,000 teachers during the past year, which is approximately eight percent of the public school teachers in the participating states. The number of teachers participating varied by grade level and subject matter. Some states, for example, reported reaching more than one in every five middle-school mathematics teachers, but only one in every 20 high-school mathematics teachers. Focusing SSI resources on the professional development of classroom teachers implies changing their skill levels, knowledge, and beliefs. Attitudes and perceptions of administrators also changed in the process. The challenge lies in developing a strategy that provides on-going, in-depth professional development that reaches a significant portion of those who teach mathematics and the sciences. Not only must an effective development model(s), be provided, the infrastructure to accommodate all teachers must be created as well. Most state

Lagowski, J. J.

1995-09-01

66

The Mathematician and the Mathematics Education Reform  

E-print Network

of the highest interests of mathematics in this country, should be directly related with the movement of [education] reform?" ([EW], p.671) With the current mathematics education reform movement in place for al; please see the References. 1 #12;2 vision of school mathematics described in Curriculum and Eval- uation

Wu, Hung-Hsi

67

Reforming Teacher Education: Something Old, Something New  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education has been subject to both scathing criticism and innumerable efforts designed to reform it or to save it from being dismantled. One of the latest and most well funded efforts aimed at teacher education reform is boldly titled Teachers for a New Era (TNE). Eleven colleges and universities of various types nationwide were selected…

Kirby, Sheila Nataraj; McCombs, Jennifer Sloan; Barney, Heather; Naftel, Scott

2006-01-01

68

How not to reform British higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

It thus became Mrs. Thatcher's operating assumption that institutions, including higher education, which reflected and encouraged this antibusiness bias had to be reformed. Unfortunately, the major Thatcher reforms, for all their rhetoric of inculcating an enterprise culture, have mainly turned out to reflect not a market-oriented concept of education, but a technocratic one. The technocratic ideal looks to make government

Nigel Ashford

1990-01-01

69

Education Reform and Career Education--Deja Vu.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current outcry for educational reform raises issues that have already long concerned career education. This situation gives career educators the opportunity to provide leadership in attaining common educational goals. (JB)

Stock, Barbara

1984-01-01

70

Policy Formation and Implementation in Secondary Education Reform: The Case of Chile at the Turn of the Century. Education Working Paper Series. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…

Cox, Cristian

2006-01-01

71

Education Reform: Ten Years after the Massachusetts Education Reform Act of 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 1993, Governor William Weld signed into law the Massachusetts Education Reform Act (MERA). MERA greatly increased the state role both in funding public education and in guiding the local educational process. The state’s role changed to incorporate setting curriculum frameworks and holding schools accountable for student performance. Because MERA was designed to be a systemic reform of education,

2005-01-01

72

A Review of the Major Current Reports on Secondary Education. Urban Diversity Series Number 88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume summarizes the reports of the following commissions and study groups on secondary school reform: (1) National Commission on Excellence in Education ("A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform"); (2) Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching ("High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America," by Ernest…

Passow, A. Harry

73

Physical Education Curriculum Reform in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Finnish education system has received worldwide attention due to the top academic performance of Finnish school students. Physical education, as an integral part of the Finnish education curriculum, potentially contributes to the overall success. The purpose of this article is to summarize Finnish physical education reform during the past…

Yli-Piipari, Sami

2014-01-01

74

Can We Pay for Current Education Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 30 years, the United States has been engaged in education reform efforts designed to dramatically boost student performance and close achievement gaps linked to poverty and ethnicity. Can schools afford those education ambitions? Most educators have their doubts. The author believes educators can improve student learning even when…

Odden, Allan

2012-01-01

75

Educational Reforms and Innovations in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

76

Reel Reform: Documentaries Spur Debate about Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three new American documentaries including "Waiting for Superman," "The Lottery, Race to Nowhere" and one British entry, "We are the People We've Been Waiting For," have animated school reform debates. Each of these documentaries seeks to disturb the entrenched thinking by claiming that our educational institutions are suffering from a malaise…

Hurley, Stephen

2011-01-01

77

Higher Education Reform in the Balkans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Struggling economies, outdated academic cultural traditions, and obsolete organizational structures are among the problems facing higher education reformers in the Balkans today. Change comes hard there despite difficult financial circumstances that elsewhere might provide the impetus for reform. Yet governmental and university leaders are finding…

Morgan, Anthony W.

2004-01-01

78

Educational Reform: A Self-Scrutinizing Memoir.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, the author candidly confronts errors he made of omission, commission, misplaced emphases, and watering down the depth and scope of his criticisms of the reform arena in his half-century involvement in educational reform. No other major figure in this arena has made public such a searching self-critique. Sharing his thoughts about the…

Sarason, Seymour B.

79

Vocational Education and Training Reform in Latvia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Latvia is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

80

Vocational Education and Training Reform in Poland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Poland is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

81

Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms mainly tackle the reform processes and

Yuzhuo Cai

2010-01-01

82

Education Reform and Students At Risk. Volume I: Findings and Recommendations. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread attention given to education reform, no substantial knowledge base has existed for identifying and implementing specific effective reforms. This document, the first of three volumes, presents findings of a study that sought to identify the essential mechanics of effective reforms for students at risk. The study also…

Rossi, Robert J.; Stringfield, Samuel C.

83

Foundations, Volume 1: The Challenge and Promise of K-8 Science Education Reform  

NSF Publications Database

FOUNDATIONS A monograph for professionals in science, mathematics, and technology education 1 V O L U M E Division of Elementary, Secondary, and Informal Education Directorate for Education and Human Resources National Science Foundation The Challenge and Promise of K-8 Science Education Reform Division of Elementary, Secondary, and Informal Education Directorate for Education and Human Resources National Science Foundation FOUNDATIONS A monograph for professionals in science, mathematics, ...

84

Knowledge Regimes and Contradictions in Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article outlines a theoretical framework for understanding education policy and education reforms based on the concept of knowledge regimes. The concept refers to understandings and definitions of governance and procedural aspects, manners of governing and curriculum issues, thus it comprises contents, structures, and processes of education

Aasen, Petter; Prøitz, Tine Sophie; Sandberg, Nina

2014-01-01

85

Education Reform in the '90s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written under the joint auspices of the Educational Excellence Network of Vanderbilt University (Tennessee) and the National Conference of State Legislatures, this book contains nine chapters, by leading educators, divided into five sections that explore the major issues in education reform. Following a foreword by John Martin and an introduction…

Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.; Rebarber, Theodor, Ed.

86

Misrecognition and science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and Passeron 1977) to open up new ways of thinking about science inquiry and school reform.

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-09-01

87

Center for Research and Reform in Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 2004, the Center for Research and Reform in Education (CRRE) works "to improve the quality of education for children in grades pre-K to 12 through its research into program effectiveness." CRRE's work focuses on developing and evaluating alternative approaches to teaching and school organization. On the site, visitors can peruse the organization's Twitter feed, and then browse their very useful magazine, "Better." The magazine is published three times a year, and it offers a "unique international perspective on evidence-based education reform." Visitors can read past issues of the magazine here or explore issues on a range of specific themes, including assessment, struggling readers, policy and practice, and science. Moving on, the site also contains the Center's blog, "Evidence-Based Education Reform," and links to the a Best Evidence Encyclopedia.

88

Systemic Reform: Perspectives on Personalizing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight papers collected here bring to bear a complex set of perspectives on a common problem: how to make education more effective now and in the future. The papers speak to the need to understand education as an individual-driven, learner-centered activity. Following Ronald J. Anson's introduction called "Personalizing Systemic Reform," the…

Anson, Ronald J., Ed.

89

Educational Reforms, Cultural Clashes and Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional…

Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan; Silver, Rita Elaine

2012-01-01

90

Primary Education Curriculum Reforms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine and evaluate the basic structure of changes in primary educational curricula in Turkey since the establishment of Republic. The study is mainly qualitative and is based on literature and document analyses and teaching curricular reviews. The research findings indicate that primary educational reforms in Turkey…

Akinoglu, Orhan

2008-01-01

91

School Reform Models and Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed elementary teachers regarding the impact on special education of three comprehensive reform models (Accelerated Schools, Roots and Wings, and Voices of Love and Freedom). There were no differences in educators' perceptions of the models related to professional development, resources, pedagogical changes, or outcomes. Teachers reported…

Koh, Myung-Sook; Robertson, Janna Siegel

2003-01-01

92

Higher Education and University Reform in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certain aspects of three stages of development of the Brazilian higher education system are analyzed. The first stage starts in 1931 with the enactment of the so-called "Statutes of the Brazilian Universities." The beginning of the second stage is marked by the 1961 Law of Guidelines and Fundamentals that intended to reform the entire educational

Da Silva, Jadiel Vieira

93

Cooperative Learning for Educational Reform in Armenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Armenia is in the midst of major educational reforms in which teacher professional development is a key component. Much of the energy devoted to developing education in Armenia is targeted towards enhancing student-centred teaching, especially cooperative learning. This has become a significant challenge for many schools and teachers as they cope…

Hovhannisyan, Aleksan; Sahlberg, Pasi

2010-01-01

94

On the Reform of Russian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "modernization" of Russian education is linked to the functioning of the entire social system of Russia, and reforms are proving difficult and contradictory. The use of the Unified State Examination in Russia, plus participation in the Bologna process, is causing concern about the ability of education to meet the needs of the…

Mironov, V. V.

2013-01-01

95

Chinese Kindergarten Education and Its Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present discussion attempts to relate current changes in kindergarten education in China to contemporary political, social, and intellectual reforms. Kindergarten education in China has always reflected the country's social policy as well as its view of the nature of childhood. Currently, in China, more kindergartens exist under more varied…

Spodek, Bernard

96

Educational Reform, Ability, and Family Background  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the period between 1950 and the mid- 1970s many European countries carried out major educational reforms that resulted in increases in the number of compulsory years of education, in the introduction of national cur- ricula, and in the abolition, or delay, of the placement of more able students into separate schools at an early age (streaming). Examples of such

Costas Meghir; Mårten Palme

2005-01-01

97

Misrecognition and Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-01-01

98

Educational Reform: An Ironic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article adopts "irony" as a frame for understanding some of the consequences of the reform movement in the UK. A distinction is drawn between the ironies that are endemic in all organizations and rooted in ambiguities and dilemmas, and the ironies that specifically flow from the disjunction between central policies and the contingent…

Hoyle, Eric; Wallace, Mike

2007-01-01

99

Reforming the Educational Administration Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the conceptual reform of university-based graduate level administrator preparation programs. The functionalist, interpretative, and critical approaches to social science have important implications for the study of motivation, decision-making, communication and leadership. Interpretative and critical approaches must be woven…

Miklos, Erwin

100

From Olympics to Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Utah's competency-based education bill (S.B. 154). Includes graduation requirements, role of local boards, task force charge, alternative teacher certification, state education summit, state board of education role in the bill's implementation. (PKP)

Christie, Kathy

2003-01-01

101

Preconditions for System-Wide Educational Reform: Learning from the Cuban Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses accomplishments and problems in recent Cuban attempts to move secondary education into rural areas. Some of the theoretical implications of the Cuban educational reform model for other Latin American societies are examined. Prerevolutionary Cuban education was crucially deficient in its orientation to professional training and…

Paulston, Rolland G.

102

Guide to reform of higher education: a European perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARYHow to reform higher education in EuropeAlthough there are exceptions, most European universities and institutions of higher education find it difficult to compete with the best universities in the Anglo-Saxon world. Despite the Bologna Agreement and the ambitions of the Lisbon Agenda, European universities are in need of fundamental reforms. We look at structural reforms of higher education and propose

Bas Jacobs; Frederick van der Ploeg

2006-01-01

103

Outline Guide to Educational Reform Initiatives. ERS Research Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educational reform initiatives are being tried in an effort to restructure the American school system. This guide compares major educational reform efforts by goal, vision, teaching and learning, and system components. The first section of the guide covers major systemic educational reform initiatives, including Accelerated Schools Project,…

Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

104

Educational Reform and Curriculum Implementation in England: An Historical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a historical perspective on the implementation of educational reform by the Thatcher government in England. Since 1979, and particularly since the Education Reform Act of 1988, the state educational system in England has undergone massive reform in the form of a national curriculum, increased school-based management, and the…

Aldrich, Richard

105

School/Work: Economic Change and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the current educational reform movement by drawing heavily on the parallels between it and contemporary efforts to reform work. It argues that current initiatives which are often solely associated with vocational education can form the basis of an education reform strategy that applies to all students. Based on information…

Bailey, Thomas

106

The ebb and flow of Japanese educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through analysis of Japanese educational reform this paper draws attention to key historical and cultural aspects of Japan's modern educational system. Links are drawn to the influence socio-political transformations have had on the Japanese educational systems within three periods of radical reform beginning with the Meiji restoration in 1871, moving onto the Occupation led reforms after the Second World War

Bruce Burnett

107

Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education

Pemberton, Janette E.

108

Technology and Reform-Based Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current reforms in science education call for the integration of digital technologies into science teaching, advocating that students learn science content and processes through technology. In this article, we provide practical examples, situated within the literature, of how digital technologies can be used to support the development and…

Dani, Danielle E.; Koenig, Kathleen M.

2008-01-01

109

Education Reform for Raising Economic Competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization has increased economic competition within and between countries and the world’s regions. Economic competitiveness is commonly seen as a valid index for judging a country’s level of economic prosperity. Many recent large-scale education reforms have been justified by the urgent need to increase labor productivity and promote economic development and growth through expanded and improved education. It is generally

P. Sahlberg

2006-01-01

110

Moral Education and Values Education in Curriculum Reform in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the new curriculum reform in China, moral education and values education have been defined from the angles of the integrity and conformity of curriculum functions. Accordingly, a new education concept based on complete/integral curriculum functions is established. By discussing the essences of the curriculum, the basis of moral and values…

Xiaoman, Zhu

2006-01-01

111

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

112

La reforma educativa y las reformas a la administracion (Educational Reform and Reforms in Educational Administration).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1500 words) summarizing a report presented to the Eighth National Plenary Assembly of the National Technical Council for Education by the Mexican Academy of Education, a private association of teachers. It recommended the adoption of four basic educational administrative reforms by the…

El Maestro, Mexico, 1971

1971-01-01

113

The Heart of the Matter: Teacher Educators and Teacher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…

Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.

114

Secondary Special Education Program Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this programming guide is to assist local and intermediate Michigan school districts in planning, developing, and implementing programs and services for secondary special education. The first chapter, "Delivery of Secondary Programs and Services," outlines the program's philosophy, effective program development, a program continuum,…

Lee, Frank M., Ed.

115

Reforming Preservice Preparation Programs for Secondary and Postsecondary Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990 Perkins Amendments and the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act encouraged high schools and community colleges to combine academic with vocational curriculum in a program that includes work-related applications and creates clearer pathways from secondary to postsecondary education. To ensure the readiness of educators, institutions that…

Finch, Curtis; Kelly, Patricia; Heath-Camp, Betty; Harris, Jerilyn; Zimmerlin, Daniel; Aragon, Steven

116

Reform and Marketing in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education at Eastern Washington University has used several marketing techniques to improve its relations and image that are aimed towards several audiences, including the local and regional community, the legislature, current and potential students, alumni, fellow educators within the university, and regional school districts.…

Goetter, William G. J.

117

Reforming General Education: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of program changes taking place in undergraduate general education and factors that affect curricular change were addressed in a survey. A sample of 272 colleges and universities that were conducting serious review or revision of their undergraduate general education programs were sent questionnaires, and 139 responses were received.…

Klein, Thomas; Gaff, Jerry

118

Staying on Course in Education Reform. Policy Information Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the experience of the last couple of decades in education reform and the use of standardized testing during that time. It tells of success and achievement and of missteps and problems in the implementation of all the elements of standards-based reform. The report suggests that getting education reform on course involves the…

Barton, Paul E.

119

Educational Reform. The Claremont Letter. Volume 1, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Everybody knows what happened to educational reform in the Los Angeles Unified School District. As former mayor Richard Riordan once told the author, "That's simple; LEARN failed." Indeed, the Los Angeles Educational Alliance for Reform Now, which in the 1990s created a massive civic reform coalition, fell far short of building a district of…

Kerchner, Charles

2005-01-01

120

The Results of the New Hampshire Education Funding Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report highlights research that examined education finance data for the 1998-99 school year, the year prior to the introduction of finance reforms in New Hampshire, and the 1999-00 to 2001-02 school years, the 3 years following the introduction of reform. Following are some of the conclusions about New Hampshire's education finance reform.…

Gottlob, Brian J.

121

Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform, Rotberg brings together examples of current education reforms in sixteen countries, written by "insiders". This book goes beyond myths and stereotypes and describes the difficult trade-offs countries make as they attempt to implement reforms in the context of societal and global change.…

Rotberg, Iris C., Ed.

2004-01-01

122

Secondary Education Is Vocational Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational trend in Tanzania, Africa, is the changing of secondary schools to vocational schools to accelerate social and economic development. About 30 percent of secondary schools will become agricultural boarding schools which emphasize practical work on school farms and a community approach. (EA)

Anderson, Eugene

1974-01-01

123

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

124

Pedagogical Reforms in Firefighter Education  

E-print Network

The purpose of this paper is to explore improvement in pedagogical methods related to firefighter training and education by examining research literature related to risk taking behavior and cognitive decision making. Research has identified a correlation between various external and internal factors that influence the decisions firefighters make. Once these influences are indentified, improved pedagogical methods can be developed for initial training and continuing education in firefighter professional development. This is the first in a series of research projects intended at eliminating preventable firefighter line-ofduty deaths due to suboptimal decision making on the fireground.

Jeffrey K. Pardue

125

Understanding Teachers' Will and Capacity to Accomplish Physical Education Curriculum Reform: The Implications for Teacher Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the receptivity of physical education teachers to curriculum reform and their capacity to accomplish the proposed changes. A sample of 145 secondary physical educators with different years of teaching experience was recruited to participate in this study on a voluntary basis. Using both quantitative and…

Ha, Amy S.; Wong, Ada C.; Sum, Raymond K.; Chan, Daniel W.

2008-01-01

126

DBER and STEM Education Reform: Are We up to the Challenge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent and quality of Discipline-Based Education Research (DBER) at the post-secondary level have grown substantially in recent years. Associated research findings are central to current reform efforts to transform science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education in colleges and universities across the United States. The increased…

Talanquer, Vicente

2014-01-01

127

Understanding teachers’ will and capacity to accomplish physical education curriculum reform: the implications for teacher development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the receptivity of physical education teachers to curriculum reform and their capacity to accomplish the proposed changes. A sample of 145 secondary physical educators with different years of teaching experience was recruited to participate in this study on a voluntary basis. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, teachers’ responses were surveyed using

Amy S. Ha; Ada C. Wong; Raymond K. Sum; Daniel W. Chan

2008-01-01

128

The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

Vavrus, Frances

2009-01-01

129

Reforming Higher Education in Hong Kong towards Post-Massification: The First Decade and Challenges Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reforming Hong Kong's higher education sector commenced in 2001, and the system moved into the post-massification era. Within five years, the post-secondary participation rate for the 17-20 age cohort had increased to 66 per cent. This target was achieved much earlier than the Government had planned. More educational opportunities…

Wan, Calvin

2011-01-01

130

The impact of educational reform and categorization of scientific journals and scientists on physics in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The trend of the increasing participation and importance of female physicists in Serbia continues. Many women have taken leading position in research and faculty governance and are contributing significantly to educational reform and the improvement of physics education in the primary and secondary schools.

Boži?, Mirjana; Davidovi?, Milena; Kapor, Agneš; Kneževi?, Dragica; Pavkov-Hrvojevi?, Milica; Pua?, Nevena; Savi?, Ilija; Stojanovi?, Maja; Markovi?-Topalovi?, Tatjana

2013-03-01

131

Educational Reform and Accountability: Implications for African Americans with Exceptionalities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform and accountability are imperative for programmatic changes in general and special education. Understandably, any form of reform matters to students, parents, and other educational stakeholders. However, the question is not whether special education is a necessity; the questions continue to be, How "special" is special education for African…

Obiakor, Festus E.; Ford, Bridgie A.

2002-01-01

132

Teacher Educators and Indigenous Language Rights Reform in Southern Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nations throughout the world have increasingly looked at teacher education policy as a vehicle for reform of both the educational system and the society at large, and teacher quality is often positively associated with the quality of the overall educational system. Although such reforms often target pre-service teacher education, little is known…

Tanner, Paul Edward

2012-01-01

133

Wyoming's "Education Reform & Cost Study."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history of education in the state of Wyoming, along with a description of recent legislative initiatives, are presented in this paper. It opens with statewide reorganizations begun in the 1960s that unified school districts and equalized property valuation. A decade later a court order ruled the system inequitable and new laws provided for a…

Meyer, Joseph B.

134

Higher Education Reform in Russia: Democratization or Bureaucratization?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reforms have increased the level of administrative oversight, and also of interference of the structure and content of university education in Russia. This is leading to a weakening of Russian higher education. In this article, the author talks about the reform of the system of higher education in Russia and the bureaucratization of higher…

Panfilova, T. V.

2011-01-01

135

China's Higher Education Reform 1998-2003: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profoundly important and unprecedented changes have taken place in China's higher education since 1998, when Zhu Rongji Administration (1998-2003) decided to carry out a new round of educational reform. These changes include some breakthroughs in macro administrative system reform, growth in the total amount of educational expenditure, the…

Lixu, Li

2004-01-01

136

Ten Years On: How Schools View Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the findings of the New Zealand Council for Educational Research's 1999 national survey, in its series looking at the impact of educational reform on primary and intermediate schools. In 1989 reforms were enacted that abolished the Department of Education and began elections for boards of trustees who took responsibility for…

Wylie, Cathy

137

Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an "Asian" Way?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main…

Hallinger, Philip

2010-01-01

138

Rhetoric, Distortions, and Responsibility: Illusion and Reality in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of education reform takes place in a highly politicized environment. Language plays an important part in the characterization of the reform, and the words used connect the reform to higher ideals, usually extensive to the local environment but signifying some opportunity for progress. The language is frequently decoupled from the…

Korotkova, Maria; Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.

2010-01-01

139

Ghetto Schooling: A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is based on a study of a 4-year reform effort in the Newark (New Jersey) public schools. The discussion focuses on an elementary school as it attempted reform in an effort that was ultimately unsuccessful. Part I opens the discussion of the effects of social class and race on educational reform. To see why inner city schools have not…

Anyon, Jean

140

The Ozone Project. Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the development of theme-based projects within a European co-operative environmental education framework at the secondary school level. The participation of 15 students from 9 different European countries in one such project is described. Students are involved with the publication of articles based on firsthand observations…

Saugier, Philippe

141

Social Class, Gender and Secondary Education in Scotland in the 1950s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Newly accessible data from the Scottish Mental Survey 1947 are used to investigate the legacy in the 1950s of reforms to Scottish secondary schooling in the first four decades of the 20th century. These reforms had sought to extend opportunity for post-primary education beyond the children of the professional middle class who had formed the…

Paterson, Lindsay; Pattie, Alison; Deary, Ian J.

2011-01-01

142

Montana State University 1 Secondary Education  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Secondary Education The Department of Education offers teacher education programs for students seeking teaching careers in specific subject areas for grades five through twelve. General Science Broadfield, Social Studies Broadfield, and Technology Education Broadfield

Maxwell, Bruce D.

143

Get Over It! Education Reform Is Dead. Now What?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book shares what one educator learned as a teacher and administrator in public and private schools and business, examining where the country is in the process of reforming public education and suggesting that it is tired out from so many reform efforts. It notes that new programs often suffocate under the latest federal, state, or district…

Black, Caren

144

"Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

2011-01-01

145

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

146

Recent Proposals To Reform Teacher Education in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses teacher education in Brazil and the recent proposals to reform existing programs by the current Brazilian government, arguing that recent reforms function as resources for economic growth and that a tension between mechanisms to make the educational process more flexible and instruments to control and evaluate its products underlines the…

Ludke, Menga; Moreira, Antonio Flavio Barbosa

1999-01-01

147

Implementing the Abstinence Education Provision of the Welfare Reform Legislation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its 1996 welfare reform bill, the U.S. Congress enacted a $50 million per year program to fund abstinence education. The welfare reform law addresses the problem of births to single adolescents by enforcing child support payments, giving states financial incentives to reduce nonmarital births, and creating the abstinence education

Haskins, Ron; Bevan, Carol Statuto

148

Equity and Excellence in Education Reform: An Unfinished Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the recent wave of school reform literature has neglected females, thereby threatening to close already narrowing windows of opportunity for their advanced education beyond high school. A line-by-line content analysis of 138 articles on educational reform published in nine influential professional journals between 1983 and…

Sadker, Myra; Sadker, David

149

Exploring teachers' professional development and change through physical education curriculum reform and the Sport Education model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, many educational reforms have been put into practice to address deficiencies in the US educational system. These reforms have had mixed results – some have helped students; others have been ineffective (Fullan, 2001, 2007). Physical education programs have also been the target of reform. This has been particularly true in the last decade with the

Boung Jin Kang

2010-01-01

150

Globalization and the Reform of Faculties of Education in Egypt: The Roles of Individual and Organizational, National and International Actors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this manuscript we examine an example of globalization--the international organization-aided reform of faculties of education in Egypt. We first sketch the historical context during which secondary and primary-level teacher education became a part of Egyptian higher education. Then we draw on extensive documentary analysis and our own roles as…

Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa

2011-01-01

151

your new place of study The 2007 Higher Education Reform  

E-print Network

1 12 Europe ­ your new place of study The 2007 Higher Education Reform #12;2 Contents A new of the goals is to create a common educational structure, for example by dividing the higher education education credits (1 credit point = 1.5 higher education credits) ­ Full-time studies during an academic

Johannesson, Henrik

152

The Transformation, Reform, and Prospect of Distance Education in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taiwanese government has emphasized education reform in the past few decades and has focused particularly on distance education. Several legislative initiatives involving distance education have recently implemented new policies governing distance education. These new policies are in opposition to the results of research accomplished in foreign countries regarding distance education and underscore an urgent need to examine the feelings and

Chih-Hsiung Tu; Hui-Ling Twu

153

Three Channels of Education in Developing Countries: Some Needed Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the three channels for education in developing countries: schools, or the formal education system; modern nonformal education through mass media and government programs; and the traditional incidental education serving most of the people. Suggests reforms in all channels to emphasize adult and continuing education. (MF)

Naik, J. P.

1979-01-01

154

An Analysis of the Evolution of Public Responsibility for Secondary Education in the Town of Madison, Connecticut, 1821-1922.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of public secondary education in one New England town is analyzed in order to lend historical perspective to current educational reform movements. This historical review shows a lack of broad public support for public secondary schools in Madison, Connecticut. Early in the 19th century, private academies provided secondary

Harder, Peter J.; Roberts, Arthur D.

155

Implementing a Large-Scale Reform in Secondary Schools: The Role of the Consultant within England's Secondary National Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of the consultants in secondary schools and local authorities within a large-scale consultancy-based reform, the Secondary National Strategy (SNS), in London, UK. The SNS follows a cascade model of implementation in which nationally created initiatives are introduced and supported within local authorities (LA) and…

Cameron, David Hagen

2010-01-01

156

Decentralization and Structural Change in Secondary Education in Argentina: The Case of the Province of Buenos Aires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, Argentina created and implemented a compulsory lower-secondary education level, within an ambitious educational reform programme. This article addresses the reform at the national level, diverse provincial responses, and the particular way that the powerful province of Buenos Aires appropriated the structural change. The…

Acedo, Clementina; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.; Senen-Gonzalez, Silvia

2007-01-01

157

IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION  

E-print Network

Review Copy IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION: ACTION RESEARCH Education, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, GREECE. Abstract Database design and use has educational interest for utilitarian and learning reasons. Database technology has significant economic impact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

Voicing Concerns: Sociological Perspectives on Contemporary Education Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 11 papers in this book address, from a sociological perspective, a variety of contemporary educational reform issues in Great Britain. The papers examine the direction and role of sociological research in education. Sociology education has an important role to play in raising questions about the British educational system and its premises. The…

Arnot, Madeleine, Ed.; Barton, Len, Ed.

159

Korean Higher Education Reforms and Changes since the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korean higher education has experienced significant changes since the 1990s. Terms like quality, excellence, competition, efficiency, restructuring, and accountability have become dominant in higher education discourse. These changes are integral parts of higher education reforms implemented by the South Korean government and higher educational

Oh, Yun Suk

2011-01-01

160

The Culture of Discourse on Educational Reform in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines the role that educational reform discourse has played in addressing the needs of increasingly culturally diverse student populations in Spain. The reforms initiated early- on in the post-dictatorship period produced some promising shifts in the official narratives on the culture of schooling in Spanish society, but no sooner had the most far-reaching of such policies been fully

Cathryn Teasley

2004-01-01

161

Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Teacher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As for all teacher education programs, historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been subject to a host of policy mandates for reform over the past three decades. As a group their approach to these changes has differed from those of majority institutions and their voice in the policy reform dialogue has been muted or absent. This…

Dilworth, Mary E.

2012-01-01

162

The Uncertain Character of Recent Educational Reform in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the main education reforms that have taken place in Greece from the 1960s until the present. The author discusses how the direction of these reforms has been influenced not only by "global" pressures for "modernization" but also by the distinctive socio-cultural Greek context. The conclusion stresses that despite the various…

Traianou, Anna

2009-01-01

163

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reform movement in education appears to focus on the ways in which schools are organized and managed rather than on the interaction that takes place among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. In the process of designing reform to encourage our most promising students and also to meet the needs of at-risk students, we need to examine

Joseph S. Renzulli; Sally M. Reis

1991-01-01

164

Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney…

Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

2012-01-01

165

Reforming the Education Program for Physical Science Teachers in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on reforms of the science education program for prospective physical science teachers in Taiwan and examines their impact on these teachers. The reforms include restructuring the courses in physical science methods, and requiring all prospective teachers to do action research during their one-year full-time teaching practice.…

She, Hsiao-Ching

2004-01-01

166

Scaling up Education Reform: Addressing the Politics of Disparity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is school reform? What makes it sustainable? Who needs to be involved? How is scaling up achieved? This book is about the need for educational reforms that have built into them, from the outset, those elements that will see them sustained in the original sites and spread to others. Using the Te Kotahitanga Project as a model the authors…

Bishop, Russell; O'Sullivan, Dominic; Berryman, Mere

2010-01-01

167

A Complexity Theory Analysis of Educational Reform in Benin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Benin is breaking new ground through a profound reform of its primary school system. The innovation in the system is the revolutionary approach as regards educational practice. The main focus has shifted, in the objectives of the curriculum, from what to teach to whom to empower. This paper analyzes the Reforme de l'ecole de qualite fondamentale…

David-Gnahoui, Emmanuel

168

The History of Reform in Russian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reform of higher education became the subject of sharp debate and public concern in Russia during the current decade. The controversy still exists even if the reforms had been initiated in the early 1990s. By the mid-1990s, their most painful aspects had already become manifest: severe cuts in state funding; deteriorating working conditions of…

Kaplan, Vera

2007-01-01

169

Facing the Challenges of Educational Reform in the Arab World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper pinpoints and discusses key aspects of the current approaches to school reform in the Arab world against the backdrop of what is accepted as the best practice in the international literature on effective school reform and educational change. The main goal of the paper is to highlight deeply ingrained assumptions and practices that are…

Karami Akkary, Rima

2014-01-01

170

Reforms of Educational Efficiency and Quality in Developing Countries: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguishes between the different 'themes' of educational reform in developing countries over the past 30 years: (1) planning/management and efficiency reforms; (2) quality reforms; and (3) curricular reforms. Discusses planning/management and efficiency reforms and quality reforms in detail. Provides references. (CMK)

Riddell, Abby Rubin

1998-01-01

171

Weather, Ocean and Climate topics in Geosciences, a new subject in Norwegian upper secondary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Weather, Ocean and Climate topics in Geosciences, a new subject in Norwegian upper secondary education. Pål J. Kirkeby Hansen Faculty of Education and International Studies, Oslo University College (PalKirkeby.Hansen@lui.hio.no) The Knowledge Promotion is the latest curriculum reform in Norwegian compulsory and upper secondary education implemented autumn 2006. The greenhouse effect, the increased greenhouse effect and the importance of the ozone

P. J. K. Hansen

2009-01-01

172

Outcome Standards for Secondary Marketing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study which sought to establish outcome standards very important for secondary marketing education. Business people, former students, and marketing educators were asked to judge the standards identified from the literature in terms of importance to secondary marketing education. (CT)

Stone, James R., III

1985-01-01

173

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NCES has just released this major publication. Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective, "presents information on the U.S. elementary and secondary education system in an international context," offering comparisons of student and classroom characteristics, student achievement, educational resources and expenditures, labor markets, and other outcomes.

174

Beyond the "Decorated Landscapes" of Educational Reform: Toward Landscapes of Pluralism in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perhaps, we are at the fork in the road when it is imperative that we consider whether the pursuit of pluralism in science education is a worthwhile endeavor in light of recent educational reforms that seem to decorate the true aim of education. The "decorated landscapes" of educational reform concentrate on economic growth and do little to…

Mueller, Michael P.; Bentley, Michael L.

2007-01-01

175

Educational Reform and Gifted Education: From the Perspective of a Dean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators of gifted children are encouraged to provide effective leadership to the educational reform movement and are warned of the consequences of the profession's fragmentation. Two fundamental issues in educational reform are the professionalization of teaching and the mandate for educational excellence for all children. (JDD)

Whitmore, Joanne Rand

1988-01-01

176

Report: Educational Reform in Spain. International Seminar on the Prospective of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conviction that a complete reform of the educational system was necessary has won over the minds of the Spanish people and the government. The observations made from all levels about the bases of the educational policy were borne in mind in the preparation of the Draft Law of Education and Financing of the Educational Reform, which, having…

Ministry of Education and Science, Madrid (Spain). National Centre of Research for the Development of Education.

177

Educational Reform in Taiwan: A Brighter American Moon?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1994, reform of Taiwan's educational system has taken two directions: "Taiwanization" (a refocus from Chinese nationalism to indigenous understanding) and "Americanization." This article examines the Americanization strand, highlighting changes in administration; teacher recruitment, training, and status; philosophy; curriculum; and…

Huang, Hsin-Ming (Samuel)

1999-01-01

178

Education reform and the quality of kindergartens in Jordan.  

PubMed

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan-the implementation of public kindergartens-and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of kindergartens was selected to represent these new public kindergartens (n = 84) and previously existing private kindergartens (n = 23). Independent observers rated the quality of kindergarten environments in seven domains. Overall, 13% of public kindergarten environments were observed to be inadequate, 43% were of minimal quality, 43% were good, and 1% were excellent. In four of the seven domains, the quality of public kindergartens was significantly higher than the quality of private kindergartens; there were no significant differences in the other domains. Findings suggest the importance of continuing to implement high quality kindergartens in Jordan and of incorporating evaluations into education reform. PMID:21170163

Al-Hassan, Suha M; Obeidat, Osama M; Lansford, Jennifer E

2010-10-01

179

Education reform and the quality of kindergartens in Jordan  

PubMed Central

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan—the implementation of public kindergartens—and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of kindergartens was selected to represent these new public kindergartens (n = 84) and previously existing private kindergartens (n = 23). Independent observers rated the quality of kindergarten environments in seven domains. Overall, 13% of public kindergarten environments were observed to be inadequate, 43% were of minimal quality, 43% were good, and 1% were excellent. In four of the seven domains, the quality of public kindergartens was significantly higher than the quality of private kindergartens; there were no significant differences in the other domains. Findings suggest the importance of continuing to implement high quality kindergartens in Jordan and of incorporating evaluations into education reform. PMID:21170163

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

180

Goals of Universal Basic and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay discusses educational goals for universal basic and secondary education. It suggests some of the difficulties that may explain the great diversity of educational goals. The purposes of this essay are to (1) stimulate attention to educational goals on the part of individuals, families, educational professionals, community leaders in…

Cohen, Joel E.

2006-01-01

181

Higher Education & School Reform. Jossey-Bass Education Series. Jossey-Bass Higher Education and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the critical relationship between higher education institutions and K-12 schools, including an examination of higher education's role in implementing systemic school reform. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction: Higher Education and School Reform--A Missing Voice" (P. Michael Timpane and Lori S. White);…

Timpane, P. Michael, Ed.; White, Lori S., Ed.

182

Graduate medical education in the era of health care reform.  

PubMed

Medicare is the primary source of funding for graduate medical education (GME) in the United States. The growing deficit, a sluggish economy, and rising health care costs have focused attention on cutting spending, and GME reimbursement from Medicare is being considered among the entitlement programs for spending reduction. At the same time, health care reform will place new demands on residency training. The authors review the history of GME financing, the potential impact of GME spending cuts and health care reform on radiology training, and the new skills residents will need to practice in the era of health reform. As health care financing evolves, so must resident education. PMID:23664964

Ward, Robert C; Mainiero, Martha B

2013-09-01

183

Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

184

Inclusion or Selection? The 14+ Education and Training Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a chronologically presented overview of policy reforms designed to enhance skill levels via education and training for school-age learners attending post-compulsory education institutions. It is argued that the catalyst for the creation of vocational diplomas is economic rather than educationally based, arising from the…

Kitchener, David

2008-01-01

185

What Governors Need To Know about Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 24 perspectives from educators, students, advocates, journalists, policymakers, and citizens on education reform and the importance of improving America's schools and school systems. Articles include the following: (1) "What Only a Governor Can Do" (Lamar Alexander); (2) "Governors and the National Education Goals" (Carroll A.…

Higginbotham, Marla, Ed.

186

Teacher-Designed Reform in Inservice Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the final report of the project on Teacher-Designed Reform in Teacher Education. The focus of the project was primarily on inservice education to improve instruction. The rationale was that teachers should determine the content and design of inservice education at the school building level on the basis of the kind of staff they want and…

Edelfelt, Roy A.; And Others

187

Jordan Reforms Public Education to Compete in a Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The King of Jordan's vision for education is resulting in innovative projects for the country. King Abdullah II wants Jordan to develop its human resources through public education to equip the workforce with skills for the future. From King Abdullah II's vision, the Education Reform for a Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) project implemented by the…

Erickson, Paul W.

2009-01-01

188

Negotiating for Change: Women's Movements and Education Reform in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic changes during the past 20 years in Taiwan offer a good example of how gender policy in education is facilitated by a combination of interrelated economic, political and social forces. Taiwan's policy on gender education emerged from the interaction of state, education, academic and non-academic feminist positions in reforms. This…

Lee, Shu-Ching

2011-01-01

189

Special Education Funding Reform: A Review of Impact Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various models for funding special education services have been described in the literature. This paper aims at moving the debate concerning special education funding reform beyond the descriptive level by reviewing studies that investigated the impact of various models for funding special education. Systematic searches were conducted of ERIC and…

Sigafoos, Jeff; Moore, Dennis; Brown, Don; Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.

2010-01-01

190

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

1991-01-01

191

Reforming Education: The Emerging Systemic Approach. Fourteenth Annual Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, the 14th yearbook of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), provides a review and appraisal of the "educational perestroika" that has occurred over the past decade, both in the United States and in other developed countries. Rather than assessing the outcomes of a decade of educational reform, it examines the present and…

Jacobson, Stephen L.; Berne, Robert

192

The Rhetoric of Policy Formation in Cordoba Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore education policies formation during two administrations (1983-1998) in the province of Cordoba, Argentina through the comparison of policy documents. The profound connections of the social, cultural, economic, and educational processes impact of Argentina's educational reforms during the last two decades of…

Olmos, Liliana Esther

2009-01-01

193

Teacher Perceptions of Bologna Reforms in Armenian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceptions of the implementation of the Bologna reforms in Armenian higher education were examined in a questionnaire study with 279 university teachers, revealing how eight leading higher education institutions have adapted to the political directive to create alignment with the Bologna principles. The literature on educational change is…

Karakhanyan, Susanna; Van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo

2012-01-01

194

International Perspectives on Educational Reform and Policy Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on educational change processes in the context of larger scale educational reform. The first of 2 volumes, the book contains 11 chapters that examine the historical, social, and economic forces at work in the formulation and implementation of educational policy. The chapters present different cross-cultural experiences of…

Carter, David S. G., Ed.; O'Neill, Marnie H., Ed.

195

Education Reform Support: A Framework for Scaling Up School Reform. Policy Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bureau for Africa of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has been examining in detail the question of how best to support and sustain sectorwide education reform in Africa. The USAID and Education Commission of the States jointly sponsored a seminar in October 1996 to examine the issue of "scaling up" and to bring…

Healey, F. Henry; DeStefano, Joseph

196

Breaking the consensus in educational policy reform?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper contributes to the debate on the implementation of policy reforms developing a typology for implementation based on the initial agreement on means and goals at the time of reform design. It is argued that the volume and nature of knowledge gathering and stakeholder involvement required to gain approval of a policy and avoid the possibility of implementation failure

Manuel Souto-Otero

2011-01-01

197

A Way Forward: A Progressive Vision for Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress has the opportunity to move forward on education reform by reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, to ensure all children achieve their greatest potential. Unfortunately, it has yet to find the will to do so, to the detriment of American students and schools. ESEA is the largest and most significant federal…

Ayers, Jeremy; Brown, Cynthia

2011-01-01

198

Austerity, Ontario and Post-Secondary Education: The Case of "Canada's Capital University"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As austerity measures intensify around the world, the axe has come down particularly hard on post-secondary education (PSE). So-called education "reform" has shown itself to be a lightning rod for confrontation. In order to deal with unprecedented government budget shortfalls, caused, it must be recalled, by the lead agents of the capitalist class…

Fanelli, Carlo; Meades, James

2011-01-01

199

Reforming education in developing economies of the world: major issues of educational reform in China and Russian Federation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforming education has been a major challenge for the politicians, academicians and business world in many countries as well as many national and international organizations especially in the last two decades of the 20th century. The trends in education have changed since 1980s with globalization, neo-conservative political views, education as a source for human capital for market economy development especially

Gülsün Atanur Baskan; Yücel Erduran

2009-01-01

200

"The Immigration Problem" and European Education Reforms: From the Education of Migrants' Children to Intercultural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the continuities and discontinuities within the European discourse of education reforms and immigrants, starting with the "education of migrants' children" to the promotion of "intercultural education" as a means of integrating the immigrant student. This analysis explores the ways in which a process of abjection is engaged…

Kowalczyk, Jamie

2011-01-01

201

Potentially Successful Secondary Special Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper highlights four successful instructional/programing strategies for secondary level handicapped students in rural Wyoming. The Vocational Education/Special Education Project (VESEP) I provides a vocational/special education curriculum which encourages cooperative teaching between vocational and special education staff while addressing…

White, Marilyn R.

202

The Identity Crisis in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the secondary school has become an agent of mass education, it has been beset by complex problems, particularly in the identification of its educational role and its purposes as a social institution. Key features of the identity crisis in Australian secondary schools are described. (MLW)

Crittenden, Brian

1981-01-01

203

Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women.  

PubMed

Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women's education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women's school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes. PMID:23504449

Dave, Dhaval M; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E

2012-06-01

204

Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes. PMID:23504449

Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.

2013-01-01

205

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

206

Secondary Education in Bulgaria. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, part of a series entitled "Guide to Secondary Education in Europe," contains a brief description of secondary education in Bulgaria. Chapter 1 offers a general overview of Bulgarian education, including educational policy and innovation, research and development, and information delivery services. The second and third chapters…

Damianova-Ivanova, Antoaneta

207

Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers, parents, and scholars are agents of change.

Roberta Levitt

2008-01-01

208

The Keys to Effective Schools: Educational Reform as Continuous Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational researchers and policy analysts concur increasingly that the organizational design and culture of schools can either enhance or hinder the effectiveness of school reform efforts. This book offers a series of essays that may help parents, educators, and policymakers understand and solve school organizational problems that get in the way…

Hawley, Willis D., Ed.

209

US World Geography Textbooks: Their Role in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks play a central role in the US education system. High school level World Geography textbooks are an important tool in the campaign to reform geography education in the United States, particularly through the introduction of the National Geography Standards. The status of the Standards in US schools is appraised. Five factors (authority,…

Bednarz, Sarah W.

2004-01-01

210

Education Reform When Nations Undergo Radical Political and Social Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the relationship between radical social transformation and educational reform in Algeria, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, Iran, Mozambique, and Nicaragua. Examines seven policy areas before and after transformation: centralized control, access to education, tracking, curriculum, personnel, language of instruction, and literacy. (28 references) (SV)

La Belle, Thomas J.; Ward, Christopher R.

1990-01-01

211

Reform and Change in Higher Education: International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine articles presents case studies of educational reform and change in 10 nations, focusing on the changing role of government involvement in higher education. The articles are: (1) "University-State Relations in Britain: Paradigm of Autonomy" (Peter Scott); (2) "Changing Conceptions of State-University Relations: The Israeli…

Mauch, James E., Ed.; Sabloff, Paula L. W., Ed.

212

Globalization and Educational Reforms in Anglo-American Democracies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the coincident nature of recent educational reforms (multiculturalism, skills training, curricular redesign, school choice) in Canada and four other Anglophone democracies as related to two forms of globalization: economic globalization and global rationalization and standardization. Concludes that globalization is transforming education

Davies, Scott; Guppy, Neil

1997-01-01

213

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

214

Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…

Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

2007-01-01

215

New Racism, Reformed Teacher Education, and the Same Ole' Oppression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds on a case study about how teacher education students may actually learn racism through their program. It employs an analysis of how new racism is operationalized in today's sociopolitical contexts. Field placements and knowledge taught about various groups are critiqued as major teacher education reform efforts that…

Cross, Beverly E.

2005-01-01

216

Built for Teachers: How the "Blueprint for Reform" Empowers Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secretary of Education, Anne Duncan, has met with thousands of teachers and heard their fears and concerns. Teachers are asking: Are these reforms the Next Big Thing, here today but gone tomorrow? Will they focus on testing in a way that further narrows the curriculum and denies students the great education that we seek to bring? Could we lose our…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

217

Teacher Education in Bhutan: Highlights and Challenges for Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students…

VanBalkom, W. Duffie; Sherman, Ann

2010-01-01

218

Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several years ago I reported a survey (Hake 1998a,b,c) of pre\\/post test data for 62 introductory physics courses enrolling a total of 6542 students. The present article provides a summary of that survey and presents fourteen lessons from the physics-education reform effort that may assist the general upgrading of education and science literacy.

Richard R. Hake

2001-01-01

219

Not by Schools Alone: Sharing Responsibility for America's Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book maintains that educational reform cannot occur in a vacuum. The theme of the book is that the problems faced by education are systemic and deeply embedded in family and social problems. Schools themselves must assume responsibility for change, and change must occur in the ways in which schools relate to outside constituencies. The…

Waddock, Sandra A.

220

Higher Education Reforms and Unintended Consequences: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Europe has undergone remarkable transformations over the last two decades. Germany is a very interesting case in point here. While the country was labeled as a laggard in the process, over the last decade the pace of higher education reforms in Germany has grown considerably. This paper will focus on the by now visible effects…

Krücken, Georg

2014-01-01

221

History, Myth, and the Politics of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the politics of education in the United States by considering the ideas and lives of Emma Willard and Catharine Beecher, nineteenth century educational reformers. It argues that understanding these women as American Antigones, as working through the contradictions between their public writing and their private lives, provides a…

Reddick, Robert Nelson

2004-01-01

222

Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

223

Decentralization of Educational Development Reforms in Nigeria: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to seek to appraise regional compliance to decentralization laws establishing Education Boards and Committees since the Nigerian Government has for some time now been making efforts aimed at reforming her educational system. Design/methodology/approach: Employing ex post facto design, the study uses survey…

Ikoya, Peter O.

2007-01-01

224

Education Inputs, Student Performance and School Finance Reform in Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper estimates the impact of the Michigan school finance reform, "Proposal A," on education inputs and test scores. Using a difference-in-difference estimation strategy, I find that school districts in Michigan used the increase in educational spending generated through "Proposal A" to increase teacher salaries and reduce class size to a…

Chaudhary, Latika

2009-01-01

225

"Back to the Future" in a Ukrainian Manner: Examining the Impact of the Contradictory 2001 and 2010 Education Reforms on Ukrainian Schools and Science Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyses and evaluates the impact of two recent (2001 and 2010) education reforms on Ukrainian secondary schools, and, in particular, on science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology and Earth science), in terms of the structural, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the reformed disciplines. It also examines societal…

Fomichova, Kseniya; Kazama, Futaba; Misonou, Taku

2014-01-01

226

Educational Reform in Japan and Its Influence on Teachers' Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2002 restructuring of the national curriculum in all Japanese public elementary and secondary schools includes a reduction and reallocation of instructional hours, and the addition of a new "integrated studies" course, with an emphasis on more individualized, cross-curricular thematic projects. This reform comes at a time when a stagnant…

Hooghart, Anne M.

2006-01-01

227

High School Reform: Integration of Special Education. inForum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that students throughout the nation are not being adequately prepared for post-secondary life and that students with disabilities face even greater post-school challenges (Wagner, Newman, Cameto, Garza, & Levine, 2005). In response to such evidence, many states and localities are initiating high school reform activities and, in…

Muller, Eve; Burdette, Paula

2007-01-01

228

Doing Good, Doing Science: The Holmes Group Reports and the Rhetorics of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasting rhetorics of the two Holmes Group reports are examples of the polar types of educational rhetoric that have characterized the literature on educational reform in the United States. In "Tomorrow's Teachers," the argument for educational reform rests on technical grounds; the position is that of the educational expert and the reform

Labaree, David F.

229

General Education Reform as Organizational Change: The Importance of Integrating Cultural and Structural Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General education reform is one of the most difficult challenges facing higher education institutions because general education is embedded in organizational culture. This paper examines the reform of general education as a process of organizational change and illustrates how deeper, more sustainable reform may be achieved by integrating cultural…

Awbrey, Susan M.

2005-01-01

230

Understanding Educational Reform in Global Context: Economy, Ideology, and the State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a set of national case studies on educational reform of higher education that views reform as processes of ideological and social struggles. The titles and authors are as follows: "Educational Reform: Social Struggles, the State and the World Economic System" (Mark B. Ginsburg, et al.); "Restructuring Education and the State in…

Ginsburg, Mark B., Ed.

231

Physical Education for Inner City Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-part document addresses problems facing teachers of inner-city secondary students. Part 1 discusses the adverse influences of society on the inner city, and their effects on education and physical education. Part 2 focuses on competencies and expertise needed by physical education instructors to work effectively with inner-city students.…

Ridini, Leonard M.; Madden, John E.

232

High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study…

Oh, Jeongran

2011-01-01

233

The Evolution of Educational Reform in Thailand: The Thai Educational Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the evolution of educational reform in Thailand. Three major phases are identified. The special focus of the paper is an assessment of the third reform which began with the passage of the Office of the National Education Commission (ONEC) (2002). Design/methodology/approach: The…

Fry, Gerald W.; Bi, Hui

2013-01-01

234

Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform based on technical and rational processes often short-circuits reform because it is uncontentious, abstract, and provides educators with no legitimate ways to question the marketplace values and policies that drive much contemporary school reform. The perspective referred to as "betterment" is an alternative reform that stresses…

Oakes, Jeannie; Quartz, Karen Hunter; Ryan, Steve; Lipton, Martin

235

Comprehensive School Reform and Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

2008-01-01

236

Reform of Budget Control in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treats state government budget control problems, asserting that traditional administrative controls unduly restrict university flexibility in dealing with a competitive marketplace. After analyzing incentives, evaluating budget controls, and explaining budget officers' resistance to experimentation, this paper proposes a reform program based on…

Jones, L. R.; And Others

1986-01-01

237

Charter Schools: Education Reform or Business?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As charter schools multiply, public school teachers and administrators need to understand the policy landscape in which charters are skimming money from their traditional local public schools, making scarce resources even scarcer. In this essay, the author discusses a related phenomenon that is part of some school reform plans--the reconstitution…

Tienken, Christopher H.

2011-01-01

238

Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

2012-01-01

239

Stand Up, Speak Out: An Educational Reformer's Challenge and Plea to Theatre Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the status of Goals 2000, and how proposed funding cuts may affect reform efforts. Pleads for arts educators to remind themselves and the public of what their work and education reform are about. (PA)

O'Fallon, David

1995-01-01

240

Reviewing Canadian Post-Secondary Education: Post-Secondary Education Policy in Post-Industrial Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2004, a number of Canadian provinces have initiated comprehensive reviews of their respective public post-secondary education systems. This paper examines the ways in which these provincial post-secondary education reviews are consistent with the pervasive influence of economic globalization on higher education and a more market-driven and…

Kirby, Dale

2007-01-01

241

Cyril Norwood and the Ideal of Secondary Education. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracing the life of Sir Cyril Norwood, one of England's most prominent and influential educators, this book investigates the historical development of secondary education in England and Wales during the early twentieth century. During this time, an enduring ideal of secondary education associated with Sir Cyril Norwood became dominant. This was…

McCulloch, Gary

2007-01-01

242

The Change in Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Critical Thinking after 15 Years of Educational Reform in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how mathematics secondary schools' teachers in Jordan perceive critical thinking and compares teachers' perceptions before and after educational reform. Data were collected from 12 schools twice: in 1988 and in 2004 by interviewing 47 Mathematics teachers. The interview included questions related to teachers' understanding…

Innabi, Hanan; El Sheikh, Omar

2007-01-01

243

International Update: Are the Recent Reforms in Polish Education Making it Harder for Discipline to be Maintained in Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work attempts to determine whether the recent educational reforms in Poland are making it more difficult for discipline to be maintained in schools. It is concluded that the changes have a negative impact upon school discipline because the likelihood of mixed-ability classes in junior secondary institutions is high. The theoretical framework…

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

244

Principals and School Reform: Barriers to Inclusion in Three Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses explanatory case studies to examine three midwestern secondary schools' adoption of inclusion, based on Michael Fullan's views concerning the principal's pivotal role in school reform efforts. Findings support Fullan's perspectives and indicate lack of understanding about inclusion. Although the schools claimed to have implemented inclusive…

Powell, Donna; Hyle, Adrienne E.

1997-01-01

245

Implementing and Supporting Earth Science Curriculum Reform in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the

M. J. Smith

2003-01-01

246

Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Rural China: Achievements, Problems, and Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The latest wave of basic education curriculum reform, carried out over the past ten years, has achieved significant results and promoted the development of rural education. There are still some problems in the reform of basic education in rural areas, however, such as a serious shortage of funds for rural school curriculum reform, the continuing…

Wang, Jiayi; Zhao, Zhichun

2011-01-01

247

New Directions for Technological and Vocational Education Reform in Taiwan, Republic of China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes caused by technology, economy, society, and education have necessitated reform of technological and vocational education (TVE) in Taiwan. Recommended reforms are as follows: relaxing educational regulations, accepting every student into higher education, streamlining channels to higher education, raising educational quality, and creating a…

Wu, Robert T. Y.

248

Symposium: Language Assessment in Standards-Based Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium article, to which three authors contribute distinct parts, presents the rationale for standards-based language assessment and examines both the uses and misuses of language assessments in English-speaking countries that are engaged in standards-based education reform. Specifically, they focus on the assessment of emergent bilinguals…

Menken, Kate; Hudson, Thom; Leung, Constant

2014-01-01

249

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

250

Education and Empire: Democratic Reform in the Arab World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democracy and related concepts--human rights, active learning, civic participation, gender empowerment, and global citizenship--have become the international policy mantras of the post-Cold War era, or what many have labeled a neoimperial order. These bedrock principles of global educational reforms are supposed to contribute to processes of…

Herrera, Linda

2008-01-01

251

Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

Balch, Stephen H.

2007-01-01

252

Bourdieu, Department Chairs and the Reform of Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the insights of the French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, this article considers the role of the science department chair in the reform of school science education. Using Bourdieu's "thinking tools" of "field", "habitus" and "capital", we case study the work of two teachers who both actively pursue the teaching and learning of science as…

Melville, Wayne; Hardy, Ian; Bartley, Anthony

2011-01-01

253

The Policy Formation Process and Educational Reform in Norway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the social corporatism model of policy formation as it has contributed to various cycles of Norwegian educational reform since the mid-1800s. Concludes that, although corporatism is a tool of social control, it also provides a feasible mechanism for revolutionary policy formation. Contains 39 references. (SV)

Rust, Val D.

1990-01-01

254

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

255

CHINA'S ECONOMIC AND EDUCATION REFORM: A ROLE FOR COMMUNITY COLLEGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The People's Republic of China has undertaken two profound initiatives in the past 20 years. First, the central government announced that it is going to shift from a centrally planned model of economics to one that will be based on the attributes of a free market. Second, the government called for a reform of the education system, which had become

David P. McBreen; Edna L. McBreen; Zhiming Wu

1996-01-01

256

What Education Reformers Should Do about Collective Bargaining  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Restrictions on collective bargaining are spreading. But while reformers are right to question current labor practices in education, they're wrong to believe that bargaining prohibitions will solve the problems. A smarter approach would begin by putting down the sledgehammer wielded in Wisconsin and picking up a scalpel by pushing for laws…

Rosenthal, Daniel M.

2014-01-01

257

Accountability Mechanisms for State Education Reform: Some Organizational Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a study to explore organizational alternatives available to states for overseeing educational reform are presented in this paper. The structures and uses of eight exemplary state accountability mechanisms were analyzed. Seven of these mechanisms have already been implemented in South Carolina, Connecticut, Texas, Tennessee, Virginia,…

Wohlstetter, Priscilla

258

No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

Berkovich, Izhak

2011-01-01

259

Multilingual Educational Reform and Teacher Training in Ethiopia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the political implications of linguistic policy and reports on a recent visit to an Ethiopian Teachers' Training Institute. The article discusses the difficulties inherent in the imposition of major educational reform under severe resource restraints. (20 references) (Author/CK)

Honig, Benson

1996-01-01

260

The Common Core "State" Standards: The Arts and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this commentary, Alice Wexler notes that as the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) become reality, teachers have reason for concern. She contends that this reform to public education has consequently marginalized the arts and exacerbated the inequities of people in poverty and those with disabilities. Teachers, principals and, ultimately,…

Wexler, Alice

2014-01-01

261

Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

Datnow, Amanda

2012-01-01

262

Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is…

Wu, Wu-Tien

2004-01-01

263

Educational Reform and the Transformation of Southern Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to furnish evidence supporting the conclusion that the thrust for the transformation of southern Africa, that region of Africa south of the equator, cannot be initiated without responding to the need for fundamental educational reform. In this study, transformation is defined as basic change in the structure of…

Mungazi, Dickson A.; Walker, L. Kay

264

Science Education in a Developing Country: Reforming the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief description of curriculum reform at school levels in Israel gives an idea of the problems which may also be typical for other developing countries. The curricula of mathematics, biology and chemistry were considerably revised. The teacher education programs had to be adjusted. (PS)

Gillis, Joseph

1972-01-01

265

Reformation of the Macedonian Teacher Education Programme, 1999-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper considers the theme of reform and change during the restructuring of the Macedonian Teacher Education programme at the University of Skopje, undertaken by a Tempus Phare project during 1999-2001. Background: The project was commissioned by the European Union following a report by Bethall (1997), a consultant on Teacher…

Clarkson, Jean

2005-01-01

266

Emergent Evaluation and Educational Reforms in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this chapter is to characterize educational reforms in Latin America over the last 25 years, and the way they reflect the role, method, and use of evaluation processes. The main theoretical and methodological tensions that are created by the development of evaluations will be reviewed, concluding with the identification of some of the…

Martinic, Sergio

2012-01-01

267

The Higher Education System in Macedonia: Overview, Reforms, and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The system of higher education in Macedonia is undergoing the largest reform process since the mid-1940s. The context is rather turbulent. Fourteen years after Macedonia's separation from the Yugoslav Federation, this small country now deals with an unstable political situation (the Kosovo question) and awaits an answer from Brussels (expected in…

Stojanov, Georgi; Angeloska-Galevska, Natasha

2006-01-01

268

Health Care Reform and Medical Education: Forces toward Generalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reforms will dramatically change the culture of medical schools in areas of patient care, research, and education programs. Academic medical centers must construct mutually beneficial partnerships that will position them to take advantage of the opportunities rather than leave them without the diversity of resources needed to make…

O'Neil, Edward H.; Seifer, Sarena D.

1995-01-01

269

Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

270

Informatics Education in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the state of informatics education in the Italian secondary schools, highlighting how the learning objectives set up by the Ministry of Education are difficult to meet, due to the fact that the subject is often taught by teachers not holding an informatics degree, the lack of suitable teaching material and the expectations…

Bellettini, Carlo; Lonati, Violetta; Malchiodi, Dario; Monga, Mattia; Morpurgo, Anna; Torelli, Mauro; Zecca, Luisa

2014-01-01

271

Physical Education: primary matters, secondary importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable literature has been written over the last decade which indicates that the National Curriculum for Physical Education in England and Wales is being delivered ineffectively in primary schools. This paper discusses the key issues currently faced within primary PE and identifies why within Physical Education, primary matters appear to be of secondary importance, despite research indicating that such a

Gerald Griggs

2007-01-01

272

Supporting STEM Education in Secondary Science Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education scholars emphasize the significance of an integrative, interdisciplinary STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education that encourages students to learn about the natural world through exploration, inquiry, and problem-solving experiences. This article reports on a professional development program aimed at improving a group of secondary science and mathematics teachers’ competence in using a problem-based approach in the teaching

Anila Asghar; Roni Ellington; Eric Rice; Francine Johnson; Glenda M. Prime

2012-01-01

273

Elementary and Secondary Education in Arid Lands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic point to be considered in establishing a curriculum for elementary and secondary schools in the arid areas of the world is relevancy. Usually, the educational system of an area reflects the dominant culture of the political power in control. However, the educational system of the dominant culture might not be relevant to the people of…

Wilson, Herbert B.

274

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

275

Implementing a reform-oriented pedagogy: challenges for novice secondary mathematics teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1991, 2007) Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics experience many stresses related to their attempts at student-centered instruction; prominent among those were novices' challenges when orchestrating whole-class mathematical discussions with students taking a central, substantive role. During such discussions, students offer conjectures, ideas, and solutions and use mathematical argumentation and verification processes. Such teaching can create uncertainty and stress as teachers occupy a revised teaching role. They avoid evaluating student ideas during class; instead, they ask questions to move students' thinking forward, pose problems that deepen students' mathematical understanding, and choose between competing directions the discussion may take. Ultimately, teachers decide whether to continue pursuing such teaching goals or revert back to more familiar, teacher-centered methods. Supportive networks showed promise at helping novices navigate their first few years of teaching; organized networks helped novices meet their teaching goals while limiting the impact of their challenges on their well-being and teaching goals. The results of this study may inform teacher educators, administrators, and colleagues on how to support novices in pursuing teaching better aligned with novices' teaching ideals and reformer's visions.

Lewis, Gary M.

2014-06-01

276

Synthesis of Findings from 15?years of Educational Reform in Thailand: Lessons on Leading Educational Change in East Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about…

Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.

2013-01-01

277

Papers on Educational Reform, Volume IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following nine papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board Meeting, 1974. In "National Assessment of Educational Progress" J. Stanley Ahmann provides an overview of assessment aims, construction, and results. Jacques Barzun discusses the history of educational theory in "The Use of Tradition in Educational Disputes". In…

Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

278

Korea?s Engineering Education Reform Policy and the Direction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Korean government is setting up an ambitious policy for an engineering innovation program called “engineering education innovation program.” Its primary goal is to resolve quantitative and qualitative imbalance problems in industrial manpower of the country. It is also a policy that aims at progressively reforming engineering education in Korea in cooperation with the Ministries of Education (MOE) and Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE) . The development of specialized centers for engineering education programs by engineering schools, in particular, can help the government provide suitable supports for enhancing industrial competitiveness.

Kim, Cheongsig

279

Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

Evans, Brenda

280

Stories of Reform in Science Education: Commentary on Opp(reg)ressive Policies and Tempered Radicals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This response to the two papers (by Rodriguez and Carlone et al.) on science education reform acknowledges first the coherence of the arguments presented around four reform narratives; that of the process of becoming science-enthusiastic, the nature of beliefs of science reform teachers, the barriers to reform, and the institutional expressions of…

Tytler, Russell

2010-01-01

281

Opting Out of Local Authority Control ?Using the Education Reform Act to Defend the Comprehensive Ideal: a case study in educational policy implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on an insider account of the process by which a secondary school, Stantonbury Campus, Milton Keynes, England, used the 1988 Education Reform Act to opt out of local authority control in order to preserve its egalitarian comprehensive character. Using the legislation in this way effectively reversed many of the assumptions surrounding the notion of Grant Maintained

Rosemary Deem; Michael Davies

1991-01-01

282

The connections between poverty discourse and educational reform: When did “Reform” become synonymous with inattention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the view that genuine educational reform is impossible in today's political, social, and economic climte.\\u000a This climate is assessed through a review of how we got to where we are, including the lasting influence of the Reagan and\\u000a Bush administration's celebration of individualism, the consequent growth in poverty, the prevailing view that “the past was\\u000a better than

Robert P. Engvall

1996-01-01

283

Reform responses : how public management reforms affect managerial relations and loyalties in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between professionals and managers in public domains are the subject of\\u000asharp controversies, especially in domains like education. According to public opinion,\\u000athe rise of Managerialism has fuelled clashes between managers and professionals. In\\u000athe past few years, academic research has mainly studied how management reforms\\u000aaffect professionals and their work. How managers, such as school managers, are\\u000aaffected

M. Noordegraaf; B. C. de Wit

2009-01-01

284

Education Reforms in Chile, 1980-98: A Lesson in Pragmatism. Country Studies: Education Reform and Management Publication Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the last 2 decades of basic education reform in Chile with an emphasis on institutional and political dimensions. Chapter 1 centers on how the government has reoriented the formal and informal rules and incentives governing the behavior of teachers, parents, and administrators in an effort to produce greater system efficacy and…

Delannoy, Francoise

285

43 CFR 17.220 - Preschool, elementary, and secondary education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...

2011-10-01

286

43 CFR 17.220 - Preschool, elementary, and secondary education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...

2012-10-01

287

43 CFR 17.220 - Preschool, elementary, and secondary education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...

2013-10-01

288

43 CFR 17.220 - Preschool, elementary, and secondary education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...

2010-10-01

289

43 CFR 17.220 - Preschool, elementary, and secondary education.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Preschool, elementary, and secondary education...the Basis of Handicap § 17.220 Preschool, elementary, and secondary education. This section applies to preschool, elementary, secondary, and...

2014-10-01

290

Educational Opportunities in Washington's High Schools under State Education Reform: Background and Student Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses educational outcomes for Washington state's public high school students, describing national trends in high school reform. Information came from surveys and interviews with teachers, students, and parents and national and state data. Many reforms have been tried nationwide. Most Washington high schools had students in…

Harding, Edie

291

The Teacher Education Reform Process in Ethiopia: Some consequences on educators and its implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the emergence of the discourse of TESO, teacher education in Ethiopia has been struggling to change rhetoric and practice by reaffirming a managerially driven reform performance. The terrain is now characterized by fresh, but globally dominant rhetoric. Salient in the emerging discourse is reform mottos and agendas such as ‘active learning’, ‘competence’, ‘participatory’, ‘paradigm shift’ and ‘system overhaul’. However,

Kedir Assefa Tessema

2007-01-01

292

Instructors' Perceptions of the Bologna Model of Higher Education Reform in Cameroon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem Statement. The literature on education in Cameroon suggests that there is a deep-rooted history of resistance to educational reform and harmonization both at the K12 and higher education levels. Attempts by political and educational leaders to reform and harmonize the two very distinct systems of education, inherited from former colonizers…

Mngo, Zachary Y.

2011-01-01

293

MATHEMATICS WITH SECONDARY EDUCATION OPTION Mathematics Courses Major Education Courses  

E-print Network

MATHEMATICS WITH SECONDARY EDUCATION OPTION Mathematics Courses Major Education Courses 2 Area requirement) exams (061 & 063) in mathematics. EDU 104 is required for all education majors EDU 300, 305, Culture and Creativity course with C minimum all to be completed prior or concurrently with MAT 129 (4

Acosta, Charles A.

294

Education Reform in Slovenia and Ukraine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…

Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan

2003-01-01

295

Education Research and Reform: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of governments in the operation of education research and development systems is under critical scrutiny throughout the developed world. The introductory chapter presents the main themes of a seminar held in 1992 and outlines challenges for further work. The next 10 chapters focus on education research and development issues: (1)…

Tomlinson, Tommy M., Ed.; Tuijnman, Albert C., Ed.

296

Reform of Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 20 years the People's Republic of China has engaged in a significant transformation of its economy and social institutions, including its education system. This article provides a general picture of what changes have taken place in Chinese teacher education at a time of rapid transition from central control to devolved and…

Shi, Xiaoguang; Englert, Peter A. J.

2008-01-01

297

A Historical Educational Reform: Turkey Rising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims at scrutinizing an example of how education can help a whole nation survive the most fateful times in its history: a world war followed by a struggle for independence. Therefore, the latest times of the Ottoman Empire in general and Ottoman education in particular are outlined to illustrate what the young Turkish republic…

Sad, Suleyman Nihat; Battal, Nevzat

2008-01-01

298

The Newsroom's View of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cheating is rampant, national test scores are abysmal, school policy is set in Washington, and teacher tenure is on its last legs. That's the image of American education implied by the 250-odd education stories published by leading news organizations last year. In this article, the author takes a closer look. (Contains 1 figure.)

Petrilli, Michael

2012-01-01

299

Partners for Educational Reform and Renewal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ohio model, developed at the University of Toledo and implemented in the Toledo area, was designed to produce comprehensive educational change through the strengthening of relationships among the institutions, programs, and personnel who have an impact on educational change. The strategy of the model is to produce able teachers through the…

Toledo Univ., OH. Coll. of Education.

300

The Mathematician and the Mathematics Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

E. H. Moore's Retiring Address as AMS President took place in 1902. Moore had a firm commitment to both teaching and research, but the theme of his address centered on mathematics education. On the role of AMS in education, he said: \\

H. Wu

1996-01-01

301

A Decade of Education Reform in Thailand: Broken Promise or Impossible Dream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the perceived gap between the vision of education reform in Thailand embodied in its Education Reform Law of 1999 and the results of implementation a decade later. Drawing upon opportunistic data obtained from a sample of 162 Thai school principals, we analyze trends in reform implementation across schools in all regions and…

Hallinger, Philip; Lee, Moosung

2011-01-01

302

Spaces of Contest for Religious Education Reform in Comparative Perspectives: Scotland and Malawi as Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if…

Matemba, Yonah

2013-01-01

303

China's higher education policy reform in practice: rejuvenating rural development studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ministry of Education is currently implementing an ambitious and wide-ranging policy reform process to respond to rapid changing societal demands. The policy covers the establishment of academic specialties, reform of the mode of student training, strengthening teaching management, strengthening character education in universities, reform in the teaching of English, and adjustment of curricula. Based on our own involvement in

Xiaoyun Li; Xiuli Xu; Gubo Qi; Min Lu; Ronnie Vernooy

2006-01-01

304

Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

2009-01-01

305

China's Basic Education Reform: An Account of an International Collaborative Research and Development Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current round of basic education curriculum reform in China is considered by many to be the most radical and wide-reaching. However, very little is known about education reform at the school level. Here we document and discuss some of the challenges and opportunities that the reform programme is providing for teachers and schools. We describe…

Ryan, Janette; Kang, Changyun; Mitchell, Ian; Erickson, Gaalen

2009-01-01

306

Teacher Education Reform and Subaltern Voices: From Politica to Practica in Bolivia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994, the National Educational Reform in Bolivia instituted reforms that called for a model of education that held at its center the knowledge and languages of Indigenous people. The types of change called for by the reforms in Bolivia signify major transformations in teacher preparation practices and a concerted emphasis on training in…

Delany-Barmann, Gloria

2010-01-01

307

Tell Me Why: The States' Leadership Role in General Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some states are taking a greater role in general education reform, with some moving to rationalize general education requirements. Establishing transfer policies to promote educational coherence is bringing some order to the chaos of general education. (SLD)

Schoenberg, Robert

2003-01-01

308

High school diversification against educational equality: a critical analysis of neoliberal education reform in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated\\u000a and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy\\u000a in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study argues that school diversification\\u000a in Korea is deeply

Jeongran Oh

2011-01-01

309

Music Education Curriculum and Social Change: A Study of Popular Music in Secondary Schools in Beijing, China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Chinese society over the last two decades, modernisation and globalisation, together with the transition to a market economy, have created new imperatives and challenges for the school music curriculum. As a result, the 2011 reform of the Curriculum Standards for Primary Education and Junior Secondary Education marks the first time that the…

Ho, Wai-Chung

2014-01-01

310

Reform in a Fragmented System: Higher Education in Bosnia-Herzegovina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes issues of fragmentation and reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina's higher education system, suggesting that a better appreciation of traditional university structures, rather than just Anglo-American central management, is important in achieving effective reform. (EV)

Temple, Paul

2002-01-01

311

Health Education: What Can It Look Like after Health Care Reform? 1993 SOPHE Presidential Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In plans for health care reform, the role of health education in reducing risk behaviors associated with leading causes of death must be recognized. Reform offers new opportunities for prevention programs in schools, worksites, and communities. (SK)

Jorgensen, Cynthia M.

1994-01-01

312

The WELL Strategy. Workforce Education & Lifelong Learning for Education and Economic Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National concerns linking education and economic development have been stated in "America 2000: An Education Strategy." The America 2000 strategy represents the direction to educational and economic reform in a metaphor of four trains leaving a station on four parallel tracks. However, this misses the point that the tracks are actually related.…

San Diego Community Coll. District, CA.

313

The Arts in Education. The Progress of Education Reform, 2004. Volume 5, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" provides a brief summary of several recent research studies on the role and value of education in the arts, as well as a look at the results of National Assessment of Educational Progress tests in music, visual arts and theater. A growing body of evidence points to the important role of arts…

Weiss, Suzanne

2004-01-01

314

Reform of the Educational Finance System as the Foundation of Compulsory Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conditions required for a reform of the educational finance system as the foundation of compulsory education are 1) devolution to schools and introduction of national standards in order to deal with "individual equality" while compensating for the insufficiency of "aspectual equality," and 2) dealing with educational needs…

Suetomi, Kaori; Murray, Nadezhda

2014-01-01

315

Globalization, Statist Political Economy, and Unsuccessful Education Reform in South Korea, 1993-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the relationship between globalization and national education reforms, especially those of educational systems. Instead of exploring the much debated issues of how globalization affects national educational systems and how the nations react by what kinds of systemic education reform, however, it focuses on what such a method…

Kim, Ki Su

2005-01-01

316

Women in Higher Education in Post WWII Occupied Japan: The Effect of Democratic Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores postwar educational reform in Japan from 1945 to 1952 and focuses on issues related to women's higher education. It describes the transformation of the educational system and the effect of the educational reforms of U.S. occupation forces on post-World War II Japan. The basic research design emphasizes narrative historical…

Moroishi, Yasumi

317

Reforming Higher Education: A Modest Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is suggested that many of the problems in higher education rest in the top tier of research institutions, and that critics ignore the commitment to students and teaching at most institutions, where the majority of faculty teach. The problem is not faculty shortsightedness or avarice but institutional financial problems. (MSE)

Altbach, Philip G.; Lewis, Lionel S.

1994-01-01

318

An Overview of China's Ongoing Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the period from 1949 to 1984, industry's share in the national economy of the Peoples' Republic of China rose from 30 percent to 60 percent. Despite raising literacy over the same period from 20 percent to over 75 percent, the Chinese educational system has failed to keep pace with the economy's rapidly expanding need for trained…

Junhua, Wang

319

Should Parents Get Involved in Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…

Blodget, Alden S.

2012-01-01

320

An Educators' Guide to Schoolwide Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide examines claims for 24 schoolwide programs-- programs that promise to improve student learning by changing the entire school. Focusing on quantitative achievement measures such as test scores, grades, and graduation rates, the report was prepared for educators and others to assist them in their investigation of different approaches to…

American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC.

321

Voices on Choice: The Education Reform Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection presents a sampling of opinions of both proponents and opponents in the school choice debate from a variety of professional perspectives, including academics, bureaucrats, politicians, union leaders, economists, lawyers, parents, and activists. The following essays are included: (1) "School Choice Promotes Educational Excellence in…

Billingsley, K. L., Ed.

322

Of Robins' Eggs, Teachers, and Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts two fourth-grade teachers' treatment of a student's robin eggshell. One teacher continues with a conventional, text-based science lesson; the other asks what the eggshell means and helps students devise research questions to be pursued in the library and in art class. Also, seven provocative questions are posed for would-be education

Nelson, Richard C.

1989-01-01

323

Urban Education III: Urban School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although current writing in history of education has been broad in scope and mature in its use of the tools of historical scholarship, it is time to begin asking questions about power, prizes, and group interests in the context of ethnic, religious, moral, and social conflicts. (DE)

Cohen, Sol

1969-01-01

324

Virtual Learning: Embracing True Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication, commerce, and social patterns have changed dramatically during the past 25 years, and technology has played a major role in these transformations. Yet, one product of technology that schools have not embraced is virtual learning. For technology to play a substantive role in education, an alternative K-12 model must be established…

Pohl, Robert

2009-01-01

325

Secondary Art Education: An Anthology of Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this anthology, 18 authors address art education and classroom issues of concern to the middle and high school level teacher. The volume includes: (1) "The Discipline of Art" (Harlan Hoffa); (2) "Art Criticism and Social Integration of the Disciplines of Art" (Tom Anderson); (3) "The Period of Transescence and Its Relevance for the Secondary

Little, Bruce E., Ed.

326

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares elementary and secondary schools in the United States to schools in 11 other countries. It analyzes the role of schools in preparing students either to continue their education or to enter the labor force. It addresses such questions as "Are there more children in poverty in the United States than in other countries?" and…

Perie, Marianne; Sherman, Joel D.; Phillips, Gabriele; Riggan, Matthew; Snyder, Thomas D.

327

Teaching Career Paths and Teacher Education Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses policy issues raised by recent recommendations (e.g., Holmes Group, 1986) to improve the quality of teacher education by moving to fifth-year certification. It describes career patterns of beginning teachers with different undergraduate preparation paths, using data from the 1979 follow-up of the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 (NLS-72) (Riccobono, Henderson, Burkheimer, Place,

Maureen W. McClure; John C. Weidman; Laure M. Sharp

1988-01-01

328

Secondary Education 1/50 Masters of Science Degree  

E-print Network

Secondary Education 1/50 Secondary Education Masters of Science Degree A Student Guidebook to Completing the MSE Degree AY ­ 10-11 Last Revised August 16, 2010 #12;Secondary Education 2 Education's Graduate Programs Committee: Victoria Costa, Lynda Randall, Fred Ramirez, Grace Cho, Maria Grant

de Lijser, Peter

329

Democratizing Educational Research or Why Is Our Nation Still at Risk after Ten Years of Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to offer an alternative explanation of why the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, and educational research in general, has such a low status and its connection to education reform is so remote. Emphasis placed on the differences that divide reformers, researchers, and educators instead of similarities that…

Radebaugh, Byron F.

330

National Issues in Education: Elementary and Secondary Education Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this book examine the prominent elements of the Improving America's Schools Act, including the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). They describe how the large federal aid-to-education programs were brought into accord with the new agreement contained in Goals 2000. The book begins with a preface by…

Jennings, John F., Ed.

331

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Health and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

332

Pedagogical reforms of digital signal processing education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the engineering discipline is arguably predicated heavily upon appealing to the future generation, in all its sensibilities. The greatest burden in doing so, one might rightly believe, lies on the shoulders of the educators. In examining the causal means by which the profession arrived at such a state, one finds that the technical revolution, precipitated by global war, had, as its catalyst, institutions as expansive as the government itself to satisfy the demand for engineers, who, as a result of such an existential crisis, were taught predominantly theoretical underpinnings to address a finite purpose. By contrast, the modern engineer, having expanded upon this vision and adapted to an evolving society, is increasingly placed in the proverbial role of the worker who must don many hats: not solely a scientist, yet often an artist; not a businessperson alone, but neither financially naive; not always a representative, though frequently a collaborator. Inasmuch as change then serves as the only constancy in a global climate, therefore, the educational system - if it is to mimic the demands of the industry - is left with an inherent need for perpetual revitalization to remain relevant. This work aims to serve that end. Motivated by existing research in engineering education, an epistemological challenge is molded into the framework of the electrical engineer with emphasis on digital signal processing. In particular, it is investigated whether students are better served by a learning paradigm that tolerates and, when feasible, encourages error via a medium free of traditional adjudication. Through the creation of learning modules using the Adobe Captivate environment, a wide range of fundamental knowledge in signal processing is challenged within the confines of existing undergraduate courses. It is found that such an approach not only conforms to the research agenda outlined for the engineering educator, but also reflects an often neglected reality: that the student who is free to be creative, free to err, and free to self-correct is emblematic of the profession -- past, present, and future -- to which he or she unwittingly aspires.

Christensen, Michael

333

A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

334

Literature Review on Improving Secondary Vocational Education Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current demand for educational excellence is an outgrowth of recent national reports criticizing secondary education. This push for academic excellence also affects vocational education outcomes. A growing consensus seems to be emerging that at the secondary level (1) vocational education should be integrated with academic education, (2)…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Education and Work Program.

335

Efficiency in Public Higher Education: Administrative Reform and Redundancy. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the state of Oregon's efforts at administrative reform in public higher education. The early stages of implementation of the Higher Education Administrative Efficiency Act initiated by Oregon during the 1995 session were analyzed. Four factors were found to be primarily responsible for the need to reform public higher education

Arnold, James C.; And Others

336

Assessment and Educational Reform: Doing More than Polishing Brass on the Titanic, a Call for Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration of evaluation strategies for systemic educational reform considers whether there is a way to design an assessment and delivery system that can accomplish the goals of the total educational process. A basic question that must be addressed in systemic reform is the role of education in the socialization processes of society. Beyond…

Jackman, Andrew

337

Reforming Social Work Education: Some Reflections on the Contribution of Practice Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work in the UK is currently undergoing a process of major reform and a wide range of recommendations have been made aimed at improving practice and education. This paper focuses on the Social Work Reform Board's proposals for improving practice learning in qualifying level social work education. It examines how recommendations for better partnership working between Higher Education Institutions

George Wilson

2012-01-01

338

NATIONAL POLICIES THAT CONNECT ICT-BASED EDUCATION REFORM TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technology (ICT) is a principal driver of economic development and social change, worldwide. In many countries, the need for economic and social development is used to justify investments in educational reform and in educational ICT. Yet the connections between national development goals and ICT-based education reform are often more rhetorical than programmatic. This paper identifies the factors

Robert B. Kozma

339

School Reforms in Ontario: The "Marketization of Education" and the Resulting Silence on Equity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically examines recent market-oriented educational reforms in Ontario and their impact on socially disadvantaged groups. Argues that current trends lead toward a "marketization" of education in Ontario, as the rhetoric of cost-effectiveness and bureaucratic efficiency shifts the official agenda of educational reform away from equity…

Dei, George J. Sefa; Karumanchery, Leeno L.

1999-01-01

340

State of Transition: Post-Apartheid Educational Reform in South Africa. Monographs in International Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reviews the major dimensions of post-apartheid educational change and continuity in South Africa since 1994. It sets educational reform in the context of the nature of the anti-apartheid struggle inside South Africa and in the global economic environment in which South Africa re-entered the world stage as a legitimate actor. Recognizing…

Harber, Clive

341

International Education in Systemic Educational Reforms: The Chinese Case and Lessons Learned from an International Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International research findings and country experiences prove that, in coping with the tension between the global and the local in education, three major forces contribute to the success of international reform: firstly, the national public authorities in protecting education as a common good through political commitment and policy actions;…

Zhou, Nanzhao

2007-01-01

342

A Nation Reformed? American Education Twenty Years after "A Nation at Risk."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers takes stock of 20 years of school reform in the United States, examining whether the nation was ever "at risk," and if so, whether it still is and which reforms have made a difference. Papers include "Introduction" (David T. Gordon); (1) "Riding Waves, Trading Horses: The Twenty-Year Effort to Reform Education" (Susan H.…

Gordon, David T., Ed.

343

Ten Years of Reform in Primary Mathematics Education in England: A Review of Effectiveness. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK National Audit Office (NAO) commissioned RAND Europe to look at the evidence showing the effectiveness of reform of mathematics teaching in primary schools in England. This study looked at government-sponsored evaluations of mathematics reform in England, independent evaluations of the educational outcomes of mathematics reforms in England,…

Vollaard, Ben A.; Rabinovich, Lila; Bowman, Richard; van Stolk, Christian

2008-01-01

344

New Curriculum Reform Implementation and the Transformation of Educational Beliefs, Practices, and Structures in Gansu Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response to the implementation of the new curriculum reforms varies by regional context. A study of the effects of reform implementation on basic education in rural Gansu contributes to understanding the reforms in resource-constrained environments in China. Drawing on rich data from linked teacher, principal, student, and county administrator…

Sargent, Tanja Carmel

2011-01-01

345

A Decade of Change: Public Education Reform in Texas 1981-1992. Special Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1981, Texas embarked on a 10-year period of educational reform. This report presents findings of a policy research project that documented and analyzed these reforms to serve as a guide for future policy developments. Following the introduction, chapter 2, entitled "Student Reforms," addresses issues of curriculum, assessment and dropout…

Clark, Catherine; And Others

346

State Education Agency Funding and Staffing in the Education Reform Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cuts in state funding for elementary and secondary education in recent years have taken a toll in many vital areas, including teaching jobs and student services. State budget cuts have also affected a less visible target--state education agencies (SEAs), which are responsible for supervising elementary and secondary education in each state and…

Kober, Nancy; Rentner, Diane Stark

2012-01-01

347

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective, urban middle school in a large district that participated in several reform efforts. These reforms include both efforts focused on school-level change and efforts focused on change in science teaching and learning. Its program incorporates aspects of several school-level reforms---from the underlying Paideia philosophy, to structural characteristics of middle schools, to site-based decision-making, to its status as a magnet school, to its participation as a professional development school. Further, the participation of all science teachers in the intensive, standards-based professional development offered by Ohio's systemic reform of mathematics and science created a critical mass of reform-oriented teachers who supported one another as they incorporated reform-based practices into their teaching. The interplay of the reform efforts has manifested in a high level of science achievement in comparison to the school's district. Addressing the third component of O'Day and Smith's model for systemic reform, the need for school-level change to enable implementation of curriculum frameworks and aligned policies, this study illustrates two important points. First, the high-quality teacher professional development increased teachers' capacity to change their practices by enhancing their knowledge of and skills in implementing standards-based teaching practices. Second, because of the synchrony among the school-level reforms and between the school-level and science education reforms, the context of Webster provided a supportive environment in which lasting changes in science teaching and learning were implemented. Science education reform efforts were mediated by the school's context to create an environment in which the reform practices could be implemented and sustained. Using Kahle's (1998) Equity Metric, this study demonstrates that the synergy of the policies and practices of school-level and science education reforms can contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform.

Kelly, Mary Kathryn

348

Particle Physics Outreach to Secondary Education  

SciTech Connect

This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.

Bardeen, Marjorie G.; /Fermilab; Johansson, K.Erik; /Stockholm U.; Young, M.Jean

2011-11-21

349

Reduction of radioactive secondary waste with steam reforming in treatment of waste TBP/dodecane  

SciTech Connect

Waste tributyl phosphate (TBP) and normal dodecane generated from R and D activities on recycle of nuclear fuel has been stored in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). If it is incinerated, a large quantity of contaminated phosphorous compounds will be generated as radioactive secondary wastes. The objective of this study is to reduce the generation of the radioactive secondary wastes by the treatment of the waste TBP/dodecane using steam reforming system. We constructed the demonstration scale steam reforming system which consists of a gasification chamber for vaporization of wastes, a metal mesh filter for removal of radioactive nuclides from gasified wastes, a combustion chamber, and scrubbers for removal of phosphorous oxides. We conducted process demonstration tests using waste TBP/dodecane with 0.07 g/L of uranium. We studied the temperature dependence of the gasification ratio of inorganic phosphorus compounds formed by pyrolysis of TBP in the gasification chamber and removal of uranium by the filter. As the results, more than 90% of phosphorus compounds were gasified from the gasification chamber at temperature of 600 deg. C or more, and the uranium concentration in the waste water generated from the off-gas treatment system is under the detection limits. The waste water containing the separated phosphorus compounds can be discharged into the river or the sea as the liquid wastes in which uranium concentration is under the regulatory level. These results show the steam reforming system is effective in the reduction of radioactive secondary waste in the treatment of TBP/dodecane. (authors)

Sone, Tomoyuki; Sasaki, Toshiki; Yamaguchi, Hiromi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan)

2007-07-01

350

Hopes and Challenges for Progressive Educators in Japan: Assessment of the "Progressive Turn" in the 2002 Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of perspectives exist on the evaluation of Japan's educational reform of 2002, which has evolved since the 1980s. However, thus far, little attention has been paid to the emerging influence of civil society on educational policies and practices. This paper shows that the origin of the current educational reforms can be traced to reports…

Motani, Yoko

2005-01-01

351

Civic Learning for Teachers: Capstone for Educational Reform. Proceedings of the Seminar on Civic Learning in the Education of the Teaching Profession (Stanford, California, November 11-13, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seminar discussed the civic preparation that educators themselves need to enable them to better prepare elementary and secondary students to become more effective and responsible citizens. The proceedings began with a paper on "Civil Learning for Teachers: Capstone for Educational Reform," by R. Freeman Butts. Following this, the five general…

Jones, Alan H., Ed.

352

Outcomes-Based Education and Educational Reform in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses outcomes-based education in South Africa, which has been only recently implemented to improve the quality of education and to address the demands for a skilled work force. Addresses the fundamental question: Will OBE improve the quality of education and transform schools in South Africa? (Contains 24 references.) (WFA)

Botha, R. J.

2002-01-01

353

A sociocultural reading of reform in science teaching in a secondary biology class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adopting activity theory as a theoretical and methodological framework, this case study illustrates how a teaching and learning situation is planned and implemented over a series of nine 75-min biology classes by a high school science teacher in the context of pedagogical reform. The object of this study emerges within a favourable context of science education curricular reform in Quebec, Canada. By examining the interaction between the poles of an activity system sharing the same object, this case study illustrates how one teacher's teaching practice is redefined and how some aspects of her teaching personality orient the ways in which she contextually mobilizes new tools and members of her school community in order to implement an awareness campaign on the risks of tanning salons.

Barma, Sylvie

2011-09-01

354

Updating Content in Secondary Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, No. 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook, consisting of 18 papers, deals with updating the content of secondary business education programs. The focus of the articles is on trends affecting secondary business education curricula, determining curriculum needs in secondary business education, implementing content changes, and changing secondary business education content to…

Newman, Charles A., Ed.; Caton, Joyce J., Ed.

355

Educational Reforms and Inequalities in Israel: The MMI Hypothesis Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Israeli secondary school students sit for national matriculation examinations that result in their receiving either a plain or a university-qualifying diploma. During the 1990s, the Ministry of Education implemented policies that were designed to raise eligibility rates for the diploma. This article evaluates the consequences of these policies for…

Ayalon, Hanna; Shavit, Yossi

2004-01-01

356

Twentieth-Century American Education Reform in the Global Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As detailed in the articles throughout this issue, the U.S. education system experienced a number of structural developments throughout the 20th century. These changes served to shift the landscape of decision-making authority in multiple areas of primary and secondary schooling. This article provides an international perspective on the changes…

DeBoer, Jennifer

2012-01-01

357

Reforming Higher Education. Higher Education Policy Series 50.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the relationship between higher education policy and the state in the United Kingdom, discussing how changing concepts of the nature of the state and its role have affected the development of higher education policy. The book studies shifts from state-subsidized independence to ambiguous but increased dependence on state…

Kogan, Maurice; Hanney, Stephen

358

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

359

Can the Impact of Adequacy-Based Education Reform Be Measured?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines adequacy-based education reform, beginning with the reforms undertaken in Kentucky, but then expanding out to the rest of the states to obtain a fuller picture and to conduct a study more amenable to statistical analysis. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data were used as part of the analysis, with a focus…

Burbridge, Lynn C.

2008-01-01

360

Intersections between School Reform, the Arts, and Special Education: The Children Left Behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arts education and special education within public schools have faced similar challenges in the wake of school reform. Services and programming have been reduced, leaving a larger gap in resources and accessibility. Because of loopholes in policy, new reform initiatives such as vouchers and charter schools will continue to marginalize students…

Hourigan, Ryan M.

2014-01-01

361

Reforms with Results: What Oklahoma Can Learn from Florida's K-12 Education Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florida lawmakers began a comprehensive education reform effort in 1999 combining accountability, transparency, and parental choice with other far-reaching changes. In March 2010, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) released new results showing just how successful Florida's reforms have been and how futile Oklahoma's efforts…

Ladner, Matthew

2010-01-01

362

Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) Education Reform Strategy: Report on Country Consultations and Work Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991 a working group from the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) released a report, the OECS Education Reform Strategy (OERS), which detailed proposed reform strategies for the region. This document summarizes the report's nine recommendations and responses to the report. The report was distributed to Ministries of Education and…

Charles, Hubert J.

363

Schooling Reform in Hard Times. Deakin Studies in Education Series, 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines 1980s educational reforms and their consequences for the 1990s, focusing on the Australian Labor Party government's policy response to conditions of economic scarcity. The first section addresses the broader economic, social, political, and ideological context of educational reform under Australian Labor governments, compared to…

Lingard, Bob, Ed.; And Others

364

Restructuring China's Adult Higher Education: An Examination of the Driving Forces behind the Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China's adult institutions of higher education have launched comprehensive reforms in order to meet the increasing demands for professional training. As in many other countries, reforms in the educational system in China have been driven by economic and political changes, and these changes have been determined largely by the needs of the market.…

Liu, Ning Rong

2008-01-01

365

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

366

Restructuring Reforms in Turkish Teacher Education: Modernisation and Development in a Dynamic Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines the effectiveness of recent reforms in teacher education in Turkey, specifically the restructuring of programmes in university faculties of education. It first, briefly, sets the reforms of the 1990s in an historical context, prior to the 1997 Act which increased the length of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years, and the 1998…

Grossman, Gary M.; Sands, Margaret K.

2008-01-01

367

A Critical Perspective of Leadership Vision: Its Source and Influence upon the Educational Reform Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The success of school reform depends on the vision of educational leadership. The origins, purpose, and components of leadership vision are explored, and the effect of socialization in making school administrators protectors of order and the status quo is examined. Reformed, egalitarian education will require principals to reassess their…

Dantley, Michael E.

1989-01-01

368

Investing in Our Future. The Imperatives of Education Reform and the Role of Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1983, two waves of reform and analysis have swept through education in the United States. The literature from these reform efforts has probed some of the more complex reasons for the lack of achievement of the education system and called for many often-unrelated changes. However, the literature has not offered a cogent and integrated agenda…

Amster, Jeanne; And Others

369

Organizational Behavior in Education: Instructional Leadership and School Reform. Seventh Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book concentrates on the connection between organizational behavior and the clamor for school reform, whether market-based, standards-based, or whole-school reform. It explains the great need for school leaders to develop a theory and practice that draws on what is known about organizational behavior in education. Educational leaders need a…

Owens, Robert G.

370

Engaging the Community, Targeted Interventions: Achieving Scale in Basic Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1983, after over 10 years of working on mathematics education reform in the Philippines, I wrote a paper for a Tokyo conference arguing that education reform in developing countries such as the Philippines should begin by working on macro-problems, namely the social, political, and economic environment of the schools, as a context for the…

Nebres, Bienvenido Florendo

2009-01-01

371

Future Directions for Public Health Education Reforms in India  

PubMed Central

Health systems globally are experiencing a shortage of competent public health professionals. Public health education across developing countries is stretched by capacity generation and maintaining an adequate ‘standard’ and ‘quality’ of their graduate product. We analyzed the Indian public health education scenario using the institutional and instructional reforms framework advanced by the Lancet Commission report on Education of Health Professionals. The emergence of a new century necessitates a re-visit on the institutional and instructional challenges surrounding public health education. Currently, there is neither an accreditation council nor a formal structure or system of collaboration between academic stakeholders. Health systems have little say in health professional training with limited dialogue between health systems and public health education institutions. Despite a recognized shortfall of public health professionals, there are limited job opportunities for public health graduates within the health system and absence of a structured career pathway for them. Public health institutions need to evolve strategies to prevent faculty attrition. A structured development program in teaching–learning methods and pedagogy is the need of the hour. PMID:25295242

Zodpey, Sanjay P.; Negandhi, Himanshu; Yeravdekar, Rajiv

2014-01-01

372

Reforming health professions education will require culture change and closer ties between classroom and practice.  

PubMed

The size, composition, distribution, and skills of the health care workforce will determine the success of health care reform in the United States. Whatever the size of the workforce that will be required in the future to meet society's needs, how health professionals are educated merits additional attention. Reform of health professions education is needed in the following six critical areas: interprofessional education, new models for clinical education, new content to complement the biological sciences, new educational models based on competency, new educational technologies, and faculty development for teaching and educational innovation. Institutional and public policies need to support these innovations and the closer integration of education reform and health care delivery reform. PMID:24191082

Thibault, George E

2013-11-01

373

Periodicities in societal systems behaviors: relationships of economies, generations, and technologies to reforms in medical education  

E-print Network

As medical educators strive to produce qualified physicians who are able to meet societal needs, the medical education system must continually reform itself to meet the demands of that changing society. Understanding the interactions between...

Kinra, Reva Elaine

2013-02-22

374

Reforming STEM Undergraduate Education: What's a Faculty Member to Do?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Fairweather, J.

2011-12-01

375

Environmental Education and Related Fields in Idaho Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fields of environmental education, outdoor education, adventure education, and experiential education are linked by shared goals, objectives, and characteristics. National standards connect these fields to secondary education. In this preliminary study, the authors describe how aspects of the 4 fields are used by environmental educators in…

Bierle, Sean; Singletary, Ted J.

2008-01-01

376

Policy Review of the Primary and Junior Secondary Education Sub-Sectors in East Java. Educational Policy and Planning Project. A Government of Indonesia-USAID Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesian representatives and the Educational Research and Development Center studied East Javanese primary and junior secondary schools to develop a database for future planning and to identify deficiencies, constraints, and areas for fruitful reform. Issues of enrollment, personnel, curriculum, facilities and equipment, cost, and financing were…

Soebagio, Retno L.; And Others

377

Assessing the Rationales for Educational Reforms: A Test of the Professional Development, Comprehensive Reform, and Direct Instruction Hypotheses. Policy Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms are advocated based on rationales that emerge from the research literature. However, evaluation studies seldom examine whether the rationales used to argue for a reform actually hold up when empirical evidence is examined after the reform has been implemented. This paper examines survey data from 3 years of analyses of early…

St. John, Edward P.; Manset, Genevieve; Chung, Choong-Geun; Worthington, Kimberly

378

Reform and Restraint in Higher Education: The French Experience, 1865-1914. Yale Higher Education Program Working Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the reform of 1877-1885 and the subsequent expansion of higher education, the formal Napoleonic structure of the French university gave birth to an essentially new system. A historical study examines the origins and prewar evolutions of that phase of the development of French higher education begun by the reforms of the 1880's. The foremost…

Geiger, Roger L.

379

The Use and Misuse of Metaphor in Education and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that the use of metaphors to organize and frame questions concerning the teaching/learning process can be an effective tool. More problematic, however, has been the use of metaphor in framing policy questions, especially those metaphors employed to frame national education reform ideas. This article explores several research…

McCandless, Bart

2012-01-01

380

Educational Reform in a Small State: Bhutan's New Approach to Primary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bhutan's experience with the New Approach to Primary Education (NAPE) shows what can be accomplished in a small, developing state when conditions are favorable. Curricula are more closely aligned to the nature of Bhutanese society, and NAPE is replacing passive, rote learning with a more active inquiry-based approach. Smallness assisted reform

Bray, Mark

1996-01-01

381

Education, Culture and Indigenous Rights: The Case of Educational Reform in Bolivia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the implementation of intercultural bilingual education throughout Bolivia and its relationship to the linguistic and cultural rights of the majority indigenous population. Discusses institutional and curriculum reforms, particularly in rural schools; a new emphasis on students' learning needs; relationship to indigenous…

Comboni Salinas, Sonia; Juarez Nunez, Jose Manuel

2000-01-01

382

Curriculum Reform in Post-Soviet Armenia: Balancing Local and Global Contexts in Armenian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structured according to the conceptual frameworks of nationalism and globalization, this study examined relationships between and among the Armenian Ministry of Education, the World Bank, the Open Society Institute Assistance Foundation-Armenia, and Armenian secondary school teachers and principals from 1991 to the present. Each group played a…

Terzian, Shelley

2010-01-01

383

A Move against the Traditions: Vocationalising Secondary Education in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, the majority of high school graduates in China go to academic high schools; however, only about seven percent of them are able to go on to higher education, and some become unemployed. Beginning in 1980, reforms in the education system have created vocational high schools, which, unlike traditional vocational high schools, prepare…

Ming, Cheng Kai

384

Engaging County Educators in Science Education Reform: The New York 4-H Environmental Inquiry Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000, the Cornell University Department of Natural Resources embarked on a new program, 4-H Environmental Inquiry (4-H EI). The goal of the program was to build the capacity of Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) educators to play a key role in science education reform in their communities, through providing opportunities for youth to engage in authentic, open-ended research. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe youth research programs implemented by the county educators, and document some of the issues that arise when county Extension educators engage youth in research, using the Cornell program as a model.

385

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

386

Educational Reform, Career Education, and the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay describes Cashmere Middle School (Washington) as a positive and successful education model. The school's goals are set at an annual community meeting. Innovative school programs are outlined in the essay, and positive results in the form of academic goals, improved behavior, and student expectations are noted. (JB)

Griffith, Bernadette

1984-01-01

387

Technology and Education Reform. Volume I: Findings and Conclusions. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research shows that technology can enhance student acquisition of discrete skills through drill and practice. This document presents findings of a study that examined whether technology could provide significant support for constructivist, project-based teaching and learning approaches. It also identified the elements necessary for…

Means, Barbara; Olson, Kerry

388

Technology and Education Reform. Volume III: Technical Appendix. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research has shown that technology can enhance student acquisition of discrete skills through drill and practice. This document describes the research design of a study that examined whether technology could provide significant support for constructivist, project-based teaching and learning approaches. The study also identified the…

Means, Barbara; And Others

389

Technology and Education Reform. Volume II: Case Study Reports. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research has documented that technology can enhance student acquisition of discrete skills through drill and practice. This document presents case-study profiles from a study that examined whether technology could provide significant support for constructivist, project-based, teaching and learning approaches. The study also identified…

Means, Barbara; And Others

390

A National Educational Cultural Reform Model: Professionalizing the Principalship to Reform a Nation's Educational System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalizing processes in education are reflected in conceptions of "policy borrowing" and knowledge transfer. These processes tend to be associated with the notion of "developed" and "undeveloped" countries. The idea of a direct-line transfer may be limited in that each nation has developed a culture and numerous subcultures over long periods,…

Korem, Andrej; Shapiro, Arthur

2006-01-01

391

The single most important education reform in developing country  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I deciding teaching as peer educator and working with NGOs in my country, as method to need to consider students' background knowledge, environment, and their learning goals as well as standardized curriculum as determined by their school district. Strengthening relationships among students and adults, Improving engagement, alignment and rigor of teaching and learning in every classroom, every day. My single most reform achieves is the rural school and community trust is a national non-profit organization addressing the crucial relationship between good schools and thriving communities. Our mission is to help rural schools and communities get better together. Working in some of the poorest, most challenging places, the rural trust involves young people in learning linked to their communities, improves the quality of teaching and school leadership, and advocates in a variety of ways for appropriate state educational policies, including the key issue of equitable and national agenda (serve Peer Educator) where rural people and their issues are visible and credible for rural schools.

Orija, O.

2007-05-01

392

New Secondary Bilingual Education Extension Program (7-12) Earn the Bilingual Education Credential to Increase  

E-print Network

certification in a content area of specialization in secondary education (7-12) and are themselves proficientNew Secondary Bilingual Education Extension Program (7-12) Earn the Bilingual Education Credential to Increase Your Career Opportunities! Department of Secondary Education and Youth Services of Queens College

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

393

Views of collaboration among administrators and teachers involved in science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purposes of this study were to investigate the perceptions of collaboration among administrators and teachers involved in science education reform, determine similarities and difference in perception among administrators and teachers, and examine the progress of district reform efforts in terms of reform recommendations advanced in the research literature. Naturalistic constructivist theory guided the generation of the instruments and the analysis of data. Instruments for this investigation included a questionnaire and structured surveys. Audio-taped responses to the surveys were transcribed and analyzed for patterns of interaction. Support for science teacher collaboration and science education reform depended on the district's overall organizational style (classified as top-down, bottom-up, or a combination of these two styles), was connected to the level of commitment of the sciences teachers and administrators interviewed, and was linked to the level of solidarity for that support among teachers and administrators in the district. Reform-oriented districts addressed resource allocation in ways that supported science education reform. Science teachers, identified as the agents for educational reform, facilitated the overall process by providing specific evidence in support of reform, recruiting teachers and administrators to a reform-oriented agenda, and creating close-knit cadres engaged in the reform process. District activities in support of science education reforms which reflect the overall school reform recommendations maintained their focus provided that such activities were monitored and adjusted to furnish opportunities to include all the district science teachers, utilized a committed cadre of science teachers that supported the overall recommendations, and facilitated the inclusion of all district staff in the overall process. For success, it is important for the staff in each district to identify a clear need and establish a high level of commitment to the reform before embarking on it. Involvement of the entire district staff in the processes of reform is vital if long-term educational reform and development is to occur. Strategies to develop a process of professional development need to be in concert with the recommendations of reform and applicable to the policies and philosophies of the particular school system.

Trax, Mark Francis

394

Reforms and Challenges in the Era of Inclusive Education: The Case of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, written by Meng Deng of Beijing Normal University and Kim Fong Poon-McBrayer of the Hong Kong Institute of Education, reviews and analyses the reform of special education in China, the challenges confronting Chinese special education provisions, and how the Chinese inclusive education model, namely "Learning in Regular Classrooms",…

Deng, Meng; Poon-McBrayer, Kim Fong

2012-01-01

395

Patriotic Education in Russia: Stylistic Move or a Sign of Substantive Counter-Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent times, few aspects of moral education have drawn the attention of Russian officials as has patriotic education. The new steps in patriotic education demonstrate the revival of the policy of State Patriotism that had been challenged for a short period at the beginning of educational reforms in the 1990s. The revitalization of…

Rapoport, Anatoli

2009-01-01

396

School-Level Implementation of Standards-Based Reform: Findings from the Follow-up Public School Survey on Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of the Follow-up Public School Survey on Education Reform, which examined the implementation of the key provisions in the reauthorized Title I Act. The survey is one of many national assessments of Title I and was adapted from the Public School Survey on Education Reform. The instrument was administered to a…

Heid, Camilla; Webber, Ann

397

Culture and Fashion in Reform Implementation: Perceptions and Adaptation of Management Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how two government-initiated reforms, result-oriented planning and quality assessment, were perceived by 43 department heads and faculty at Norwegian colleges and universities. While result-oriented planning was perceived as an unnecessary reform, causing high tension and having only symbolic effects, quality assessment was seen as valid,…

Stensaker, Bjorn

1998-01-01

398

Excavating silences and tensions of agency|passivity in science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I reflect on studies by Rodriguez and Carlone, Haun-Frank, and Kimmel to emphasize the ways in which they excavate silences in the science education literature related to linguistic and cultural diversity and situating the problem of reform in teachers rather than contextual factors, such as traditional schooling discourses and forces that serve to marginalize science. I propose that the current push for top-down reform and accountability diminishes opportunities for receptivity, learning with and from students in order to transform teachers' practices and promote equity in science education. I discuss tensions of agency and passivity in science education reform and argue that attention to authentic caring constitutes another silence in the science education literature. I conclude that the current policy context positions teachers and science education researchers as tempered radicals struggling against opp(reg)ressive reforms and that there is a need for more studies to excavate these and other silences.

Rivera Maulucci, Maria S.

2010-12-01

399

The Effects of Higher Education Funding Reforms on the Lifetime Incomes of Graduates. CEE DP 78  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of substantial reforms to the system of higher education (HE) finance first announced in 2004 and then revised again in July 2007. The reforms introduced deferred fees for HE, payable by graduates through the tax system in the form of income-contingent repayments on loans subsidised by the government.…

Dearden, Lorraine; Fitzsimons, Emla; Goodman, Alissa; Kaplan, Greg

2008-01-01

400

An Investigation of Prospective Teachers' Attitudes toward Educational Reforms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the present study is twofold: (a) to investigate the awareness and attitudes of prospective teachers from different departments and class levels regarding current educational reforms in Turkey and the reasons why they do or do not adhere to these reform activities, and (b) to gain thorough knowledge about information resources…

Duman, Guler; Kural Baykan, Arin; Koroglu, Gamze Nevra; Yilmaz, Selda; Erdogan, Mehmet

2014-01-01

401

Urban Educators' Perceptions of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and School Reform Mandates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we examine urban teachers' perceptions of school reform models (SRMs) and culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP). In particular, we examined how urban educators altered mandated reform models in the best interests of their culturally and linguistically diverse students. We discuss data from a phenomenological study, which included…

Esposito, Jennifer; Davis, Corrie L.; Swain, Ayanna N.

2012-01-01

402

Debates on the Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Teachers' Challenges in China: The Case of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…

Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing

2012-01-01

403

Online Simulation of Health Care Reform: Helping Health Educators Learn and Participate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young and healthy undergraduates in health education were not predisposed to learn the complex sprawl of topics in a required course on U.S. Health Care. An online simulation of health care reform was used to encourage student learning about health care and participating in health care reform. Students applied their understanding of high costs,…

Jecklin, Robert

2010-01-01

404

Education Reform in New York City: Ambitious Change in the Nation's Most Complex School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in an accessible style by highly respected scholars, the papers in this volume document and analyze particular components of the Children First reforms, including governance, community engagement, finance, accountability, and instruction. The education reforms in New York City's public schools begun under the administration of Mayor…

O'Day, Jennifer A., Ed.; Bitter, Catherine S., Ed.; Gomez, Louis M., Ed.

2011-01-01

405

The Process of Allocating Human Resources in an Era of Education Reform: The Practitioner's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1980s, the New York State Board of Regents and the State Education Department have advanced a complex reform agenda centered around the development of curriculum and related standards. These reforms have considerable implications for the allocation and use of human resources within schooling systems. This paper reports on a series…

Roellke, Christopher

406

Professional development and reform in science education: The role of teachers' practical knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, professional development in the context of the current reforms in science education is discussed from the perspective of developing teachers' practical knowledge. It is argued that reform efforts in the past have often been unsuccessful because they failed to take teachers' existing knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes into account. Teachers' practical knowledge is conceptualized as action-oriented and person-bound.

Jan H. van Driel; Douwe Beijaard; Nico Verloop

2001-01-01

407

Tyranny of the Textbook: An Insider Exposes How Educational Materials Undermine Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms and standards have been a topic of public debate for decades, with the latest go-round being the State Common Core Curriculum Standards. But time and again those reforms have failed, and each set of standards, no matter how new and different, has had little impact on improving student achievement. Why? The textbooks. Textbooks…

Jobrack, Beverlee

2011-01-01

408

Legalised Leadership: Law-Based Educational Reform in England and Its Effect on Head Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Legalised Leadership" explores the links between educational law and law-based reform that have a profound influence on the work and professional life of school headteachers. The book offers lawmakers and policymakers in England some pathways for strengthening the role of leadership in English law-based reform and empowering headteachers to…

Gibton, Dan

2004-01-01

409

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

410

How "No Child Left Behind" Threatens Florida's Successful Education Reforms. Backgrounder. No. 2226  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews nationwide education reforms under No Child Left Behind and state reforms in Florida--comparing federal and state results. The paper examines the danger that federal regulations and incentives pose to testing and accountability systems in Florida and every other state. The limits of No Child Left Behind and the promise of…

Ladner, Matthew; Lips, Dan

2009-01-01

411

Future Perfect? Conflict and Agency in Higher Education Reform in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is based on an analysis of interviews with individuals engaged in systemic reform of higher education (HE) in Poland. The reform is perceived as controversial: it is supported by the media and claimed to be in line with the expectations of external stakeholders of HE, as well as being congruent with Poland's international…

Szkudlarek, Tomasz; Stankiewicz, Lukasz

2014-01-01

412

Flawed Implementation or Inconsistent Logics? Lessons from Higher Education Reform in Ukraine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates two competing explanations of why reforms associated with the Bologna process brought disappointing results in Ukraine. The lack of anticipated benefits from the reforms may stem either from a flawed implementation of the Bologna process, or from more fundamental differences between the models of higher education

Shaw, Marta A.

2013-01-01

413

In Italy, Have Higher-Education Reforms Created a "Big Bordello"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on Italy's Higher Education reforms and hotly debated developments. These developments are experience credits and online universities. The reform replaced the existing degree system, in which most undergraduate programs lasted four years--although the average graduate actually took more than seven years to earn a degree--with…

Rocca, Francis X.

2006-01-01

414

STEM Education: An Incongruous Approach A Proposed Reform Model for a Large Suburban High School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is unknown how the school can best influence the variables that determine pursuance of science study and career choice to bring about greater opportunity to learn challenging science curriculum for all students and promote Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. Student decisions regarding the type of science class to elect in early secondary school years can impact their progression and academic success in subsequent rigorous and challenging offerings. Parents, counselors, peers, gender, socio-economic status and individual experience in previous coursework are variables of consideration. The purpose of this study is to examine these variables in a large suburban New Jersey School District aligned to STEM and Advanced Placement level course choice by students. Information regarding the influence of the variables can lead to a reform of the approach toward STEM education currently in place. The study will include a historical reflection of the approach to curriculum revision in the district. Increasing student enrollment in science courses beyond the required number stipulated for high school completion will open opportunities for entrance into STEM related careers or continued post secondary science study.

Hughes, Patricia A.

415

Interest Group Influences in Advancing and Inhibiting Educational Finance Reform: The Politics of Equity in Vermont's Act 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes educational-finance reform in Vermont, which culminated in the passage of Act 60, a comprehensive education and tax reform measure, and the subsequent political furor the act engendered. It outlines the pre-reform background focusing on early civil-society organizations and the unique political landscape in Vermont. The article…

Mathis, William J.

416

Perceptions Of Texas Agricultural Education Teachers Regarding Diversity Inclusion In Secondary Agricultural Education Programs  

E-print Network

of this study was to explore and analyze Texas secondary agricultural education teachers' attitudes toward diversity inclusion in Texas secondary agricultural education programs. Using a web-based questionnaire, the researcher employed a nonproportional...

Lavergne, Douglas D.

2010-01-14

417

Reorienting Secondary Education in Asia and the Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Institute for Educational Research (NIER), Tokyo (Japan) and the Asia-Pacific Centre of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID) of the United Nations Scientific, Cultural, and Educational Organization (UNESCO) organized a regional seminar to explore issues related to secondary education in Asia and the Pacific and to formulate…

National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).

418

Sociopersonal Values and Coexistence Problems in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The importance of values education in current society continues to be one of the greatest challenges to our Educational System. Its pertinence becomes no less than inexcusable when we speak of education in social values during adolescence, or, during "Educacion Secundaria Obligatoria" ["N.T." Mandatory Secondary Education, that is,…

de la Fuente, Jesus; Peralta, Francisco Javier; Sanchez, Maria Dolores

2006-01-01

419

Secondary Lesson Plans in Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook contains teacher developed lessons to help Utah educators integrate legal education and values education into the overall secondary curriculum. The lessons can also be used by educators in other states. The handbook begins with a discussion of the various teaching methods utilized in the lessons: brainstorming, case studies,…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

420

Student perceptions of exercise role modelling by secondary health educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine secondary student perceptions, as well as health educator perceptions, as they relate to health educator role modelling of exercise. Additionally, self-reported exercise behaviours of health educators and their students were reported. For the purposes of this study, role modelling is defined as the influence health educators have regarding the exercise behaviours of their students.Design A teacher questionnaire

Jan L. Drummond; James G. McGuire; Gregg Bennett

2002-01-01

421

Entrepreneurship Education in Hong Kong's Secondary Curriculum: Possibilities and Limitations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to give a picture of the entrepreneurship education programs currently provided in Hong Kong secondary schools, to present teachers' evaluations of the effectiveness of the programs offered, and to point out the factors that hinder the development of entrepreneurship education in Hong Kong secondary schools.…

Cheung, Chi-Kim

2008-01-01

422

Emotional Intelligence in Secondary Education Students in Multicultural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The study analyzes the level of development in emotional intelligence of Secondary Education students. It also checks for statistically significant differences in educational level between Spanish and immigrant students, under the integration program "Intercultural Open Classrooms". Method: 94 students of Secondary

Pegalajar-Palomino, Ma. del Carmen; Colmenero-Ruiz, Ma. Jesus

2014-01-01

423

Understanding Metacognitive Knowledge of Turkish EFL Students in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study that investigated metacognitive knowledge or beliefs about language learning of 470 Turkish EFL learners in secondary education. The primary aims of the study were to explore what beliefs Turkish students in secondary education held about learning English as a foreign language (EFL), how their belief systems were…

Oz, Huseyin

2007-01-01

424

Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary School Tracking Regimes in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines educational outcomes of pupils selected to secondary school types by different tracking regimes in a German state: Pupils are alternatively streamed after fourth grade or after sixth grade. Regression results indicate that, estimated on the mean, there are no negative effects of later tracking on educational outcomes in the middle of secondary school. Positive effects are observed

Andrea M. Mühlenweg

2008-01-01

425

A Conceptual Approach to Learning Chemistry in Professional Secondary School in Latvia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the year 1991, great structural reforms were launched in Latvia at all levels of education, including secondary education. Still, there are many reforms that must be implemented in secondary professional education. The objective of our research was to develop a contemporary didactic coverage for teaching chemistry in professional secondary

Priede, Daina; Krumina, Aira

2012-01-01

426

Issues in Teacher Education Reform: Implications for the Preparation of Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on two issues in teacher education reform: (1) excellence and equity; and (2) content and pedagogy. Concludes that the United States needs teachers who foster democratic values and prepare students for effective citizenship. (BSR)

Ochoa, Anna S.

1988-01-01

427

Equitable Science Education in Urban Middle Schools: Do Reform Efforts Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the results of case studies in two Ohio middle schools that employed a model known as the equity metric to identify factors affecting equity in urban science education reform. (Contains 33 references.) (DDR)

Hewson, Peter W.; Kahle, Jane Butler; Scantlebury, Kathryn; Davies, Darleen

2001-01-01

428

A Study of Workplace Aggression as Related to Pedagogical Reform in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Previous research on pedagogical reforms has seldom looked at how reform may contribute to aggression in school organizations. The purpose of this paper is to hypothesize that teachers' disengagement from school mediates the tendency for teachers to manifest aggression when they are implementing pedagogical reform in school. Behind…

Tam, Frank Wai-ming

2013-01-01

429

Public Education in the United States. A Modularized Course. Elementary Education 3010. Secondary Education 3040.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This modularized, self-paced study program in Elementary and Secondary Education for K-12 majors is an evolving course of study designed for responsible students. The course is organized into six modules: Trends and Issues in Contemporary Education, Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Education, Administrative Structure and Financing of…

Lawrence, Joyce V.; Mamola, Claire Z.

430

Educational Reform as Innovation: A Qualitative Study on the Perceptions of Brazilian Agricultural School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the perceptions of federally supported agricultural school teachers toward the attributes of two educational innovations brought by the educational reform currently undergoing in Brazil--the separation between academic and professional education and the emergence of the competency-based modular curriculum. The…

Leite, Francisco Carlos T.; Baggett, Connie D.; Radhakrishna, Rama B.

2004-01-01

431

Ghana's Education Reform 2007: A Realistic Proposition or a Crisis of Vision?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ghana's recent "Education Reform 2007" envisions a system that strives to achieve both domestic and internationally-oriented goals emanating (1) from the Education for All (EFA) initiative, (2) from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and (3) from global trends in education. Emboldened by the implementation of…

Kuyini, Ahmed Bawa

2013-01-01

432

Democratizing Higher Education and Access to Science: The Portuguese Reform 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The democratization of higher education through strategically driven science policies and higher education reforms is documented in this paper. These represent complementary policy actions oriented towards strengthening social, cultural and economic dimensions that allow higher education institutions (HEIs) to grow and to train graduates able to…

Heitor, Manuel; Horta, Hugo

2014-01-01

433

National Educational Goals: Can They Lead Schools to Real Reform? Noteworthy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In February 1990, the nation's governors adopted a set of goals designed to shape education reform efforts for the 1990s. The six goals address such pressing national education issues as early childhood education; school completion; student achievement and citizenship; math and science; literacy and lifelong learning; and safe, disciplined, and…

Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO.

434

Reform Policies, Procedures and Standards for the Approval of Teacher Education Programs in South Carolina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explains some of the policies, procedures, and standards now in effect as a result of educational reform efforts within the State of South Carolina. Approval of a teacher education program is based on a comprehensive evaluation incorporating the National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC). An…

Freeze, Chester R.; And Others

435

The Future Reform and Development of Higher Education Teacher Training in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, as China's society and economy continue to develop and higher education undergoes further reform, higher education teacher training, which is crucial to building a teacher base in institutions of higher education and an effective means of tapping human resources, finds itself at an historic turning point.…

Jinming, Xu; Jin, Yang; Yan,Yu

2005-01-01

436

Micropolitical and Identity Challenges Influencing New Faculty Participation in Teacher Education Reform: When Will We Learn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Teacher education faculty face increasing pressure to simultaneously strengthen and reform teacher education programs while maintaining research productivity. The demands placed on teacher education programs to increase relevancy by strengthening clinical components of teacher preparation has once again reached the fore. The…

Yendol-Hoppey, Diane; Hoppey, David; Morewood, Aimee; Hayes, Sharon B.; Graham, Meadow Sherrill

2013-01-01

437

Radical Administrative Reforms in New Zealand Education: The Implications of the Picot Report for Institutional Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are current statistics and a history of the New Zealand education system from the 1877 Education Act to the Picot Taskforce. Included are reform recommendations made by the Taskforce, particularly specific principal role expectations in the areas of facilitating governance, corporate planning, educational leadership, and management…

Macpherson, R. J. S.

1989-01-01

438

The Potential of Education for Sustainable Development for Reform in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses whether the concept of education for sustainable development fosters reform in schools. Bases the discussion upon reflection on social challenges in education, a brief presentation of three concepts of environmental education (OECD Project 'Environment and School Initiatives' (ENSI), Action Competence Model, Socio-ecological…

Rauch, Franz

2002-01-01

439

The Challenge To Reform Arts Education: What Role Can Research Play? ACA Arts Research Seminar Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the role of research in efforts to reform art education. The essays include: "Arts Education Research: Issues, Constraints, and Opportunities" by David B. Pankratz; "Characterizing Civilization: Research Strategies, Findings, and Implications from the National Endowment for the Arts' Report on Arts Education" by…

Pankratz, David B., Ed.; Mulcahy, Kevin V., Ed.

440

The Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education through Curriculum Reform in Finnish Comprehensive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How has entrepreneurship education been implemented in Finnish comprehensive schools. A two-part survey was undertaken in 43 municipalities with different educational and socio-economic backgrounds. The first part, in 2005, dealt with the local curriculum reform with a focus on the development of entrepreneurship education. The second part, in…

Seikkula-Leino, Jaana

2011-01-01

441

Education Reform, Indigenous Politics, and Decolonisation in the Bolivia of Evo Morales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the relationship between education reform and Intercultural Bilingual Education (IBE) for Bolivia's majority indigenous peoples, as this has evolved since the 1990s into the era of Evo Morales, Latin America's first indigenous president, elected in 2005. In order to bring out the significance of the new Education Bill awaiting…

Howard, Rosaleen

2009-01-01

442

Evaluations by Parents of Education Reforms: Evidence from a Parent Survey in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine how Japanese parents evaluate the current education system and assess possible reforms, based on a nationwide parent survey. Parents who have higher educational background, occupational status, and household income and expect higher education attainment from their children tend to be less satisfied with the current system and more in…

Oshio, Takashi; Sano, Shinpei; Ueno, Yuko; Mino, Kouichiro

2010-01-01

443

It Takes More than a Village: Inviting Partners and Complexity in Educational Leadership Preparation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heeding the advice of Young, Petersen, and Short (2002), the Educational Leadership Program at Auburn University included a variety of stakeholders in the reform of its preparation program. Collaborative partnerships were formed with school districts, local and state educational agencies, and with a variety of other educational stakeholders. This…

Brooks, Jeffrey S.; Havard, Tim; Tatum, Karen; Patrick, Lynn

2010-01-01

444

Views from the Blackboard: Neoliberal Education Reforms and the Practice of Teaching in Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses findings from two case studies examining the impact of neoliberal education reform on the classroom practice of teachers and adult educators in Ontario, Canada. We asked educators to comment on the impacts of 20 years of policy shifts in their classrooms. Teachers in public schools and adult literacy programmes echoed each…

Carpenter, Sara; Weber, Nadya; Schugurensky, Daniel

2012-01-01

445

The Collegiate Way: Residential Colleges and Higher Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Much ado has been in made in recent years about how best to reform or modify undergraduate education, from developing inclusive and multicultural curricula to creating a supposedly more "student-friendly" environment. Dr. Robert J. O'Hara (who has thirteen years experience in residential college life and administration) has developed this Web site to provide information about how colleges and universities might address the problems surrounding student life. On the Web site, Dr. O'Hara provides a wealth of information about the residential college model, which may serve as a remedy to some of the cacophony and disorder that has come to characterize some large campuses in the United States. The site contains six main areas, some of which highlight materials on how to build a residential college, frequent objections to the collegiate model, and a substantial list of recommended readings. Dr. O'Hara also maintains an updated news section on the site featuring reading materials on developments within the world of residential colleges, both extant and proposed.

2000-01-01

446

Reforming Science Education: Part I. The Search for a Philosophy of Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to competition with alternative visions and paradigms (e.g. STS, multi-culturalism, constructivism, traditionalism) which deadlock implementation, and which have led to conflicting meanings of scientific literacy, but the inability to rise above the debate. At issue is a fundamental problem plaguing science education at the school level, one it shares with education in general. It is my contention that it requires a guiding “metatheory” of education that can appropriately distance itself from the dual dependencies of metatheories in psychology and the demands of socialization—especially as articulated in most common conceptions of scientific literacy tied to citizenship. I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science. This will be elaborated in Part II of a supplemental paper to the present one. As a prerequisite to presenting Egan’s metatheory I first raise the issue of the need for a conceptual shift back to philosophy of education within the discipline, and thereto, on developing and demarcating true educational theories (essentially neglected since Hirst). In the same vein it is suggested a new research field should be opened with the express purpose of developing a discipline-specific “philosophy of science education” (largely neglected since Dewey) which could in addition serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

447

The Potential Impact of Health Care Reform on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 522 colleges and universities investigated the impact of health care reform proposals. Results provide an overview of typical current medical plan design, including coverage for part- and full-time employees, and give insight into attitudes toward the idea of regional health alliances, a potentially useful reform approach. (MSE)

Reace, Diana

1994-01-01

448

Entrepreneurship Education in Lesotho Secondary Schools: Pedagogical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the extent to which the entrepreneurship education component of the business education curriculum in Lesotho secondary education is being implemented. The study was undertaken in 18 schools during 1998, 1999 and 2000. Different research methods such as video recording, interviews and document analysis were used. Results indicate…

Nketekete, Malefetsane E.; Motebang, Maletele B.

2008-01-01

449

The Prospect of Motorcycle Safety Education in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motorcycle safety education will become a necessity in the near future due to the growing demands of secondary students for education in this area. The Motorcycle Safety Foundation is sponsored by major motorcycle industries and is involved with developing programs and materials to promote motorcycle safety education. The high rate of motorcycle…

King, Alfred S.

450

Part-Time Employment by Secondary Agricultural Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare secondary agricultural educators' perceptions of the benefits and problems associated with teaching agricultural education and being involved in other part-time employment activities. The sample consisted of 107 agricultural educators nonrandomly selected from three states. Sixty-nine usable questionnaires…

Boone, Harry N., Jr.; Scarbrough, Connie; Gartin, Stacy A.; Boone, Deborah A.

2006-01-01

451

Implementing Education Reforms in New Zealand, 1987-97: A Case Study. The Education Reform and Management Series, Vol. 1, No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1987 New Zealand faced multiple economic problems and high unemployment. A flexible and responsive education system was needed to produce the skills, attitudes, and learning required for New Zealand's future. The primary objective was decentralizing authority to school level. This book emphasizes the process of successful reform, rather than…

Perris, Lyall

452

Vocational Education and Training in the Republic of Ireland: Institutional Reform and Policy Developments since the 1960s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of the Irish educational system examines vocational education and training, the role of the European Union, legislative measures, and institutional reforms. The following challenges are discussed: economic infrastructure, skill shortages, and the inclusiveness of the educational system. (SK)

Heraty, Noreen; Morley, Michael J.; McCarthy, Alma

2000-01-01

453

Department of Middle, Secondary, and K-12 Education Major in Middle Grades Education  

E-print Network

Department of Middle, Secondary, and K-12 Education Major in Middle Grades Education (BA Degree: 120-127 hours ­ General Education Hours vary based on Concentration) College of Education http://education on EDUC 2100 and SPED 2100 of C or better. Students must also complete an "Application for Admission

Raja, Anita

454

The Impact of Educational Reforms on the Work of the School Principal in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much has been written about the complexity of educational change and reform elsewhere, the educational reform movement in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a relatively recent phenomenon with little systematic documentation as yet; educators are still searching for a clear understanding of their roles. However, it is clear that the…

Thorne, Christine

2011-01-01

455

Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Pathways and Partnerships. Institutional Management in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid growth of tertiary education is partly due to the expansion of post-secondary vocational education and training (PSV). A well developed post-secondary PSV system and links between universities and VET institutions improve skills and employment opportunities. What is post-secondary PSV and how does it relate to other components of the…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

2012-01-01

456

Effects of the 2003 Quality Reform on Gender Gaps in Student Learning Outcomes in Norwegian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Norwegian higher educational system was reformed. The reform, known as the 2003 Quality Reform, introduced changes in the teaching model and student assessment. The authors wished to study how these changes affected male and female students. Therefore, they addressed student learning outcomes, measured through examination results,…

Lehre, Anne-Catherine; Hansen, Arvid; Lehre, Knut Petter; Laake, Petter

2014-01-01

457

[The new physician. A pressing reform in medical education. 2008 SESPAS Report].  

PubMed

The reform of medical education is an active process worldwide. This document focuses on the situation in Spain in analogy with other reference countries. We analyze the structure and functioning of the sequential stages of medical education and training: undergraduate education, specialty training and continuing professional development. We also analyze the Bologna process, the numerus clausus, traditional and new academic programs, residency programs for medical specialization, continuing medical education, professional advancement and specific licensing areas. PMID:18405551

Leyte, Manuel G

2008-04-01

458

Educational Strategies for Gifted Students in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a national survey conducted in 1983 that investigated teachers', administrators', and parents' preferred strategies for educating gifted secondary school students; reviews related program evaluation data, particularly as regards accelerated courses and independent study programs. (MCG)

Gallagher, James J.

1985-01-01

459

The Nova Project in Secondary Teacher Education 1970-1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nova Project of the Department of Secondary Education at California State University, San Diego, is described in this report. This one-year preparation program for secondary school teachers combines school and community experience with the focus on a team approach. Faculty and students work with local school personnel in the joint planning,…

Crum, Clyde; McCoy, Leone

460

An Analysis of Access Barriers to Post-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-Secondary Education (PSE) in Ontario and in Canada has expanded on both the demand and supply sides in the last couple of decades. As of 2007, 50% of the population aged 18 to 24 was enrolled in post-secondary institutions. Enrolment in Ontario universities grew from 10,000 in 1960 to approximately 400,000 in 2007 (Clark, Moran, Skolnik, &…

Vaccaro, Angelo

2012-01-01

461

Secondary Special Education Teachers as Teacher Leaders: Redefining Their Role  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the responsibilities and challenges of special education teachers at the secondary level increase, their roles are expanding to include mentor, coach, and facilitator for other teachers. In these roles, they lend their expertise and skills to become the new teacher leaders for today's inclusive secondary classroom settings.

Mulrine, Christopher F.; Huckvale, Manina Urgolo

2014-01-01

462

Speedminton: Using the Tactical Games Model in Secondary Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and learning of sport and sports-related games dominates the curriculum in most secondary physical education programs in America. For many secondary school students, playing games can be exciting and lead to a lifetime of participation in sport-related activities. Using the Tactical Games Model (TGM) (Mitchell et al., 2006) to teach the…

Oh, Hyun-Ju; Bullard, Susan; Hovatter, Rhonda

2011-01-01

463

POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION HISTORY Request for academic transcripts  

E-print Network

POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION HISTORY Request for academic transcripts The Office of Student Finance). However, we have incomplete information regarding the number of post-secondary institutions (e) Birthdate (mm/dd/yyyy) University ID SECTION B. Documentation · List the name of every post

Amin, S. Massoud

464

Mildly Handicapped: Consumer Education, Secondary Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected from the National Instructional Materials Information System (NIMIS)--a computer based on-line interactive retrieval system on specil education materials--the bibliography covers 82 materials for teaching consumer education to mildly handicapped (learning disabled, emotionally disturbed, or educable mentally handicapped) students at the…

National Center on Educational Media and Materials for the Handicapped, Columbus, OH.

465

Systemic Education Reform and School Inclusion: A View from a Washington Office Window.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses special and general education reform efforts in the context of current Federal legislation and program regulations, including inclusive schooling practices. Reviews federal response to litigation about inclusion, Federal priorities, and the language of the Clinton administration's most recent amendments to special education legislation.…

Smith, Anne C.

1997-01-01

466

The Role of Professional Development Networks in Reforming Mathematics Education in Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathematics is considered to be one of the key areas for growth and development in Egyptian schools (Monk et al., 1999). Therefore, reforming mathematics education has been given priority by the Egyptian Ministry of Education. Accordingly, a particular emphasis has been given to the professional development of mathematics teachers. This paper is a case study of the role of the

Amal Gouda; Frank Banks

467

Duty Calls for Interculturalism: How Do Teachers Perceive the Reform of Intercultural Education in Cyprus?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of Cyprus's accession to the European Union and a huge wave of immigration towards the country, teachers are called upon to teach within more diverse educational settings. In consideration of the substantial role teachers play in implementing intercultural education, this study explores their perceptions of the reform of…

Hajisoteriou, Christina

2013-01-01

468

Navigating the Waves of Change: Political Education and Democratic School Reform in Postwar West Berlin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concentrates on two pieces of legislation promulgated in the early 1960s in order to investigate the broader ideas and concerns surrounding political education in the postwar Federal Republic of Germany. These pieces of educational policy highlight the consensus for continued reform while recognizing the value of curricular and…

Puaca, Brian M.

2008-01-01

469

Blueprint for School Transformation: Iowa K-12 Education Reform Study Committee. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991 a committee was created by Iowa's Legislative Council to study issues related to the reform of Iowa's education system and examine the status and future of education in Iowa. The committee also analyzed nationwide trends and, based on their findings, developed a comprehensive blueprint for school transformation in Iowa. This blueprint…

Iowa State Legislature, Des Moines.

470

Professional Lives of Teacher Educators in an Era of Mandated Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to reflect on the conditions teacher educators labor under as they go about their professional lives in the overheated climate of mandated education reform of recent years, particularly when the mandates are multiple, have strict timeliness, and carry high-stakes consequences. The article focuses on faculty…

Turley, Steve

2005-01-01

471

Imaging the Frame: Media Representations of Teachers, Their Unions, NCLB, and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the political discourse surrounding NCLB, educational reform, and how that discourse shaped perceptions of public education during the Bush Administration. Examining mass media campaigns in the New York Times and Time Magazine, the article demonstrates how the media has visually and textually framed and reinforced NCLB and…

Goldstein, Rebecca A.

2011-01-01

472

Educational Reforms in Greece (1959-1997) and Human Capital Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the effects of Human Capital Theory on the theoretical frameworks, the rhetoric and the aims of the educational reforms that took place in Greece during the period 1959 to 1997. It also deals with the re-emergence of the theory in the 1990s within the new context, as an important element of the neo-liberal education

Georgiadis, Nikos M.

2007-01-01

473

Public Schools in Marketized Environments: Shifting Incentives and Unintended Consequences of Competition-Based Educational Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By opening the system to competition, popular school choice reforms seek to remake public education into a more consumer-oriented endeavor. While the underlying theory holds that competitive pressures will induce change and improvement in educational processes, research indicates that organizations often respond instead by developing promotional…

Lubienski, Christopher

2005-01-01

474

Two Decades of Reform in Higher Education in Europe: 1980 Onwards. Eurydice Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines higher education reforms in the 15 European Union member states and 3 European Free Trade Association countries between 1980-98, identifying trends, convergences, and divergences between the countries and changes in the management and control of higher education institutions, particularly as they relate to financing and quality…

EURYDICE European Unit, Brussels (Belgium).

475

Does Education Cause Better Health? A Panel Data Analysis Using School Reforms for Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We address whether the relationship between education and health can be interpreted causally. Alternatively, both may be determined by common unobserved factors such as individual time preferences. We add to the primarily US-based evidence by using a Danish panel data set of employed persons, and use Danish school reforms to instrument education

Arendt, J.N.

2005-01-01

476

Contradiction, Complexity and Conflict: Meeting the Challenge of Education Reform in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that educational reform in South African higher education must take into account the dynamic contextual realities and the people within each unique situation. Offers some strategies for change based on the author's experience at the Technikon Natal (South Africa). These include getting leadership support of changes, encouraging…

Powell, P.

1999-01-01

477

The Reconstruction of New Zealand Education: A Case of "High Politics" Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1988 and 1989 there was extensive political intervention into New Zealand's education system. In 1988, as part of the Labour Government's wide ranging reform program, broader social values were deployed against "provider capture" in education. The Picot Taskforce recommended the radical devolution of power, resources, and responsibilities to…

Macpherson, R. J. S.

478

Policy-Making for Education Reform in Developing Countries: Contexts and Processes. Volume 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is the first book in a two-volume series designed to help those working, or preparing to work, as education change agents in developing countries. Each volume describes an approach to education reform that is: (1) Political and empirical; (2) A series of choices rather than a single best approach; (3) Implementation-centered; and (4)…

Williams, James H.; Cummings, William K.

2005-01-01

479

The employers' perspective of the impact of RICS education reform on building surveying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to present the second part of research funded by the RICS Education Trust to investigate the impact of the 2001 education reforms on Building Surveying. The first part of the research involved the collection of data from university course leaders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research involved the collection of data from large national, mainly London-based, employers

Mike Hoxley; Sara Wilkinson

2006-01-01

480

Educational Reform and the Birth of a Mathematical Community in Revolutionary France, 1790-1815.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how Carnot's and Monge's mathematical endeavors responded to social, political, and technological developments in French society; how these concerns were reflected in the education reforms that they carried through; and how absolutely essential the new educational arrangements were for the reception and transmission of the conceptual…

Glas, Eduard

2003-01-01

481

"The More Things Change...?": The Thatcher Years and Educational Reform in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The period of the Thatcher Government continues to have special significance for politics and governance in Scotland. In the 11 years of the Thatcher Government, landmark legislation and reforms affected key areas of the Scottish society and economy. Education featured prominently in the Thatcherite agenda in Scotland. In Scotland, the education

Arnott, Margaret A.

2011-01-01

482

WELLCOME TRUST RESPONSE TO THE CONSULTATION ON THE REFORM OF HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH ASSESSMENT AND FUNDING  

E-print Network

AND FUNDING 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to respond to the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) consultation on `The Reform of higher education research assessment and funding'. Research assessment of the questions posed in the consultation. SUMMARY 2. Any future system of research assessment and funding

Rambaut, Andrew

483

Of Credits, "Kontrakty" and Critical Thinking: Encountering "Market Reforms" in Kyrgyzstani Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the impact of market metaphors and mechanisms on higher education in Kyrgyzstan. Drawing upon recent anthropological literature on the local meanings of market reforms in post-socialist contexts, as well as work in the field of educational policy that has focused attention on the "local spaces" in which curricular and…

Reeves, Madeleine

2005-01-01

484

Amid Some Grumbling, Clinton Wins Praise for His Reforms of Arkansas Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1983, Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton has made education the central focus of his administration, raising teacher salaries and qualification requirements, encouraging participation in higher education, and raising taxes to fund reform despite resistance. Continuing problems include limited resources and low esteem for state colleges among the…

Blumenstyk, Goldie

1992-01-01

485

Educating the U.S. Army: Arthur L. Wagner and Reform, 1875-1905.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arthur Lockwood Wagner, who graduated from West Point in 1876, was one of the best known and most influential U.S. Army officers of his day. An intellectual and educator, Wagner was instrumental in some of the most critical reforms in U.S. Army history. He advocated enhanced military education, adopting modern combat techniques, holding…

Brereton, T. R.

486

Russians' Attitudes toward the Reform of Higher Educational Institutions in 2006 and 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey was intended to combat bureaucratic and criminal malfeasance in the system of higher education. Experts in seven federal districts in Russia were asked to determine the attitudes of the population toward higher education reforms in the past two years. Survey data show that Russians are generally not in favor of many of the changes in…

Grigor'ev, S. I.

2009-01-01

487

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

488

Future Developments of Educational Research in the Asia-Pacific Region: Paradigm Shifts, Reforms, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In facing up to the challenges and impacts of globalization, high technology, economic transformation, international competitions and local developments in the new century, there have been numerous educational reforms and initiatives in many countries in the Asia-Pacific Region (Cheng, 2005a, A new paradigm for re-engineering education:…

Cheng, Yin Cheong

2007-01-01

489

Impacts of Globalisation on Higher Education Reform in China: A Trend of Decentralisation and Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By tracing back the historical context of educational changes, this article explores in detail the impacts of globalisation on China's higher education reform. A trend of decentralisation in both rights and responsibilities is revealed in terms of structural adjustment, human resource exploitation and retention, curriculum development, and…

Xu, Shihong

2005-01-01

490

The Era of Centralisation: The 1988 Education Reform Act and Its Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a "FORUM" article published in 2005 (Volume 47, Nos 2 & 3, see EJ736851) Terry Wrigley argued that "Another school is possible". The article prompted Trevor Fisher to respond explaining why, in his view, the centralising thrust of the 1988 Education Reform Act, the shift in power relationships, the politicisation of education over the past two…

Fisher, Trevor

2008-01-01

491

Challenging the Status Quo: Alan Pifer and Higher Education Reform in Colonial Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historiography of higher education in Nigeria has not fully accounted for Alan Pifer's crucial contributions in reforming the elitist British higher education tradition in colonial Nigeria. Through qualitative analysis of mostly primary sources acquired from the Rare Book and Manuscript Library in Columbia University, this article argues that…

Anyanwu, Ogechi E.

2013-01-01

492

Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

2013-01-01

493

Reforming Society through Education for Gifted Children: The Case of Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the current education reform agenda in Kazakhstan, which is underpinned, in part, by the argument that investment in human capital through elite institutions for gifted children can lift up the whole system of education. The paper revisits two broad theoretical perspectives, relating to human capital and to ideas about…

Yakavets, Natallia

2014-01-01

494

Hallie Quinn Brown (1845-Or 1850-1949): Educator, Author, Lecturer, Founder, and Reformer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most black educators are aware of black pioneers, such as Frederick Douglass, Phillis Wheatley, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, George Washington Carver, Mary McLeod Bethune, and others, Few are, however, aware of Hallie Quinn Brown (1845-or 1850-1949) educator, author, lecture, founder, and reformer, who wrote one of the first biographies…

Evans, A.L.; Lamikanra, A.E.; Jones, O.S.L.; Evans, V.

2004-01-01

495

Tinkering and Tailoring: The Reform of 14-19 Education in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last 30 years have witnessed ongoing calls for the reform of post-14 education, to make it more responsive to the needs of employers and the economy, and overcome the academic-vocational divide. This article maps out recent proposals and changes in 14-19 education to remind us that they are rooted in a complex past, and while they might appear…

Jephcote, Martin; Abbott, Ian

2005-01-01

496

The Politics of Curriculum Reform in Canada: The Case of Technology Education in British Columbia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates the case of technology education in British Colombia and discusses its invulnerability of teachers to curriculum reform. Draws on historical and survey data related to school practices and Ministry of Education enrollment data disaggregated by sex. Casts these data into a politics of curriculum framework informed by the work of…

Petrina, Stephen; Dalley, Stephen

2003-01-01

497

Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education: Lessons from PISA for the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume draws lessons from the education systems of a selection of top-scoring and rapidly improving countries as measured by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). While this volume relates these lessons to the education reform agenda in the United States, they…

OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

498

The New Basic Education and Whole School Reform: A Chinese Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, China has entered an era of transformation which has extended its reach to education and school reforms. The "New Basic Education" (NBE) was born in this era and implemented by the East China Normal University together with schools around the country. NBE aims at nurturing the active, healthy development of a new…

Bu, Yuhua; Li, Jiacheng

2013-01-01

499

National Public Opinion on School Health Education: Implications for the Health Care Reform Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated national public opinion on school health education and the implications for health-care reform initiatives. Telephone surveys of 1,005 adults nationwide indicated that the public at large believes in the importance of health education to reduce health problems among children, considering it the responsibility of parents and…

Torabi, Mohammad R.; Crowe, James W.

1995-01-01

500

Equitable science education in urban middle schools: Do reform efforts make a difference?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A central commitment of current reforms in science education is that all students, regardless of culture, gender, race, and/ or socioeconomic status, are capable of understanding and doing science. The study Bridging the Gap: Equity in Systemic Reform assessed equity in systemic reform using a nested research design that drew on both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. As part of the study, case studies were conducted in two urban middle schools in large Ohio cities. The purpose of the case studies was to identify factors affecting equity in urban science education reform. Data were analyzed using Kahle's (1998) equity metric. That model allowed us to assess progress toward equity using a range of research-based indicators grouped into three categories critical for equitable education: access to, retention in, and achievement in quality science education. In addition, a fourth category was defined for systemic indicators of equity. Analyses indicated that the culture and climate of the case study schools differentially affected their progress toward equitable reform in science education.

Hewson, Peter W.; Butler Kahle, Jane; Scantlebury, Kathryn; Davies, Darleen

2001-12-01