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1

Secondary STEM Educational Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal and state funding agencies have invested billions of dollars into secondary STEM (Science, Technology, Education, Mathematics) educational reform over the past decade. This volume addresses the interplay of external and internal variables associated with school reform and how this dynamic has impacted many efforts. The goal of this book is…

Johnson, Carla C., Ed.

2011-01-01

2

Teachers' Experience of Secondary Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines teachers' experience in relation to the massive top-down but ever-changing education reform initiatives in Hong Kong, where "East meets West" in cultures and identities. A life-narrative approach was used to probe the daily experience of 24 secondary school teachers of different ages, genders, and marital statuses to examine…

Luk-Fong, Pattie Yuk Yee; Brennan, Marie

2010-01-01

3

Reforming the Curriculum in Romanian Secondary Education in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses important aspects of curriculum reform in Romanian secondary education in the 1990s. Reports, for example, that reform has resulted in no improvement in the status of secondary teachers or in student educational access and equity. Curriculum reform has, however, reinforced the use of private tutors, thus creating a de facto…

Acedo, Clementina; Popa, Simona

2003-01-01

4

Facing the Knowledge Society: Reforming Secondary Education in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Education Working Paper Series. Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to describe and analyze the development and reforms of secondary education in Hong Kong and Shanghai over the past 25 years. Comparing the two cities is useful in constructing a spectrum of possibilities on the one hand, and identifying some common themes in the development of secondary education on the other. The…

Cheng, Kai Ming; Yip, Hak Kwong

2006-01-01

5

Resource and Technology: A Beacon for Change in the Reform of Jamaica's Secondary Education System--or a "Pipedream"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T)…

Jennings, Zellynne

2012-01-01

6

Regulation and Deregulation in Education Policy: New Reforms and School Sports in Swedish Upper Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1990s, neoliberal reforms in Sweden increased local school actors' possibilities to develop school profiles regarding both organization and content. This restructuring has increased the total number of school sports programs as well as the possibilities for upper secondary schools and sports clubs to develop elite and amateur…

Lund, Stefan

2014-01-01

7

Smoothing the Secondary-Further Education Interface: Developments in New Zealand Following the National Qualifications Framework Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have enabled the liberalisation of upper secondary school curricula to the point where schools can devise programmes that lead to nationally recognised vocational qualifications. Strategies include close relationships with further education providers whereby instructional materials or direct…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend

2005-01-01

8

Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational

Franklin, Barry M.

2012-01-01

9

Status of Education Reform in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools: Teachers' Perspectives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains information about education reform efforts in U.S. public schools as reported by school teachers through a mail survey. The information has not been independently verified. Because of the survey questions and collection methodology us...

D. Alexander E. Farris S. Burns S. Heaviside

1998-01-01

10

Resource and Technology: A beacon for change in the reform of Jamaica's secondary education system - or a "pipedream"?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T) was an innovation designed to develop the creative potential in technology and to transform pedagogical practices from being teacher-centred to being student-centred. This paper examines how teachers and principals involved in the implementation of R&T perceive its attributes, such as need and relevance and observability. The findings reveal how the achievement of goals was frustrated and which challenges the users faced, including a lack of clarity of the means for implementing R&T.

Jennings, Zellynne

2012-04-01

11

History and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Features comments from Robert L. Hampel, William R. Johnson, Diane Ravitch, and David N. Plank on David Tyack and Larry Cuban's book, "Tinkering toward Utopia: A Century of Public School Reform." The book argues that educational reformers in the 20th century have attempted large-scale systemic reforms instituted from the top down. (MJP)

Hampel, Robert L.; And Others

1996-01-01

12

Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

De Lisle, Jerome

2012-01-01

13

Russia: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

14

Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

15

Poland: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

16

Romania: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

17

Hungary: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

18

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

19

Hearing on H.R. 6: Reform Proposals for Chapter 1. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents testimony and prepared statements from witnesses who addressed the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the reform of Chapter 1. The primary question addressed at these hearings concerns how Chapter 1 can be reformed to better integrate and serve the needs of limited English-proficient students.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

20

Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform: Compendium Of Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), through the Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform project, seeks to strengthen the capacity of state education agencies and districts to improve delivery of educational services to English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in high schools undergoing reform. This compendium was developed…

Spaulding, Shelley; Carolino, Barbara; Amen, Kali-Ahset; Smith; Kimberly Ball, Ed

2004-01-01

21

Europe's Diluted Higher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the success of European reforms in institutions of higher education in terms of their goals, their integration with existing systems, the response of groups affected by the reforms, and the political and socioeconomic factors precipitating the reforms. (AM)

Cerych, Ladislav

1981-01-01

22

Secondary Education Reform in Lesotho and Zimbabwe and the Needs of Rural Girls: Pronouncements, Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the persistence of academic exam-oriented curricula and teaching styles of colonial origin in Lesotho and Zimbabwe despite differences in colonial history and current ideological and economic systems. Discusses the lack of reform policy implementation, ruling class interests, popular pressures and conservative educational attitudes, and…

Ansell, Nicola

2002-01-01

23

Education Reform and the Academic Performance of Public and Private Secondary School Students in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking advantage of newly available data on a standardized national examination for secondary school students in Thailand, this study attempts to explain the variation in the average performance of students using school and local characteristics. Special emphasis is placed on trying to understand the asymmetric success factors of public and…

Wongsurawat, Winai

2011-01-01

24

Higher Education Policy as Secondary School Reform: Texas Public High Schools After Hopwood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The higher education diversity programs that Texas enacted after Hopwood v. University of Texas banned affirmative action had unexpected positive consequences for the state’s high schools. The Texas top 10% law, the Longhorn Opportunity Scholarship and Century Scholarship programs, and the Towards Excellence, Access and Success Grant program each explicitly linked postsecondary opportunities to high school performance and clearly articulated

Thurston Domina

2007-01-01

25

Romania: Education Reform Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Romania, one of the largest but also one of the poorest nations in Eastern Europe, is moving toward a market economy and a pluralistic society. Romania's educational system reflects a failure to appreciate the value of general secondary education over early specialized vocational training. Basic schooling is compulsory through grade eight, but…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

26

Teacher Education Reforms in Albania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on insights from Albanian teacher educators and government representatives, this paper examines processes of change and types of reform (modernization, structural, and systemic reform) in Albania. It also discusses the initial implementation of one of the reforms, which was directed at the balance and role of school experiences, analyzing…

Whitehead, Joan

2000-01-01

27

Policy Development and Reform Principles of Basic and Secondary Education in Finland Since 1968. Education Working Paper Series. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Many factors have contributed to Finland's…

Aho, Erkki; Pitkanen, Kari; Sahlberg, Pasi

2006-01-01

28

Aggressive Behaviour Among Swazi Upper Primary and Junior Secondary Students: Implications For Ongoing Educational Reforms Concerning Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Swaziland is planning to introduce inclusive education as part of education for all. The innovation may benefit learners with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD). A purposive teacher sample (N = 47) was used to generate and identify behavioural problems that are prevalent in Swazi schools. Aggression was one of the many conduct disorders…

Mundia, Lawrence

2006-01-01

29

International Handbook of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

30

Education Finance Reform in Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Improvement Act instigated funding allocation reform, equalization and equity, system accountability, systemwide report cards, value-added assessment, and governance reform. The most dissatisfied educators are those in large, wealthier urban systems. Horizontal equity, accountability, and test results have improved throughout the…

Green, Harry A.

1999-01-01

31

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

32

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

33

Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and…

Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

1999-01-01

34

Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

Hamano, Takashi

2008-01-01

35

Educational Service Interventions and Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education—more specifically, special education—plays a unique and central role in addressing the problems of students with\\u000a developmental disabilities. Proposed reforms of general and special education are thus critically important issues for developmental\\u000a disabilities. Failure at school is tantamount to failure at life for children and youths, as school is the occupation of the\\u000a young. The primary purpose of educational service

James M. Kauffman; Timothy J. Landrum

36

Heroism and Science Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of two prominent science educators who presided over Australian science curriculum reforms during the 1960s and 1970s. Represents the educators' actions as heroic and describe how the Heroes shaped, modified, and united the culture through referents, rituals, and artifacts. Speculates on the importance of heroic activity…

White, Robyn; Wallace, John

1999-01-01

37

Quantum Leap: Vocational Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent technological advances, especially in computers and telecommunications, and their impact on the workplace. Highlights the need for educational reform in vocational/technical programs reflecting a systems-oriented approach rooted in the sciences. Discusses the future role of the private sector in education. (HB)

Groves, Cecil L.

1985-01-01

38

Reforming Teacher Education in Romania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reform of the Romanian system of initial and in-service teacher education is facing similar pressures to those experienced by other European countries' teacher education systems. In particular, the drive towards greater professionalization of teaching careers and university training for teachers. In Romania this process has vacillated between…

Manolescu, Marin

2006-01-01

39

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Re

2009-06-17

40

K through 12 School Reform: Implications and Responsibilities for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews elementary and secondary education reform movements in California in relation to student preparation for higher education, particularly whether movements now underway are substantive and convincing. The report reviews the national context for educational reform and California's role in that movement. Discussion of reforms in…

Intersegmental Coordinating Council, Sacramento, CA.

41

Scaling up Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment for Undergraduate Programs) project was developed to implement reforms designed for small classes into large physics classes. Over 50 schools across the country, ranging from Wake Technical Community College to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have adopted it for classes of…

Gaffney, Jon D. H.; Richards, Evan; Kustusch, Mary Bridget; Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert J.

2008-01-01

42

LITIGATION, SCHOOL FINANCE REFORM, AND AGGREGATE EDUCATIONAL SPENDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States has traditionally financed elementary and secondary education through property taxation. In the past two decades, litigation in many states has triggered educational reform movements designed to reduce the inequalities in educational expenditures across districts inherent in a property tax financed system. While these movements have been successful in reducing inequalities, there are some who argue that this

Robert L. Manwaring; Steven M. Sheffrin

1997-01-01

43

Reformation and Resistance in American Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Nurses' Association's "First Position on Nursing" (1965), one instance of attempted reformation in American nursing education, recommends that nursing education should take place in institutions of higher education. Failures of this suggested reform seem to relate directly to the reform's incongruence with the continued or increased…

Miller, Lucy Heim

44

Considerations for Education Reform in British Columbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countries around the world refer to twenty-first century education as essential to maintaining personal and national economic advantage and draw on this discourse to advocate for and embark on educational reform. This paper examines issues around education reform, particularly in British Columbia. It argues that reformers should give careful…

Santos, Ana

2012-01-01

45

Possibility, Need, and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beliefs underlying underlying education reform movements are reviewed in the context of three common principles of need: option, probability, and possibility. The causes of problem behavior, the idea that schools will improve when students' individual needs are met, and pressures from the community are explored. The reality is that student needs…

Rozycki, Edward G.

2004-01-01

46

Lists in Reading Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses six dimensions for analyzing lists used in reading education reform documents (type of list, nominalization, exclusivity and inclusivity, transivity, reading content, and intertextuality), explaining that lists frame who a good reader/good reading teacher is, what they do, and how they behave in particular institutional contexts. This…

Bloome, David; Carter, Stephanie Power

2001-01-01

47

Educational Reform and Teacher Bargaining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher collective bargaining is expected to have negative consequences for educational reform measures such as merit pay because the union's function is to advance the compensation and benefits of its constituency. The author maintains that the public sector union is a de facto political party formed to influence public policy. (MLF)

Lieberman, Myron

1983-01-01

48

Education Reform as Revitalization Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws parallels between the educational reform movement of the Coalition of Essential Schools and revitalization movements, using the revitalization framework as a process model to clarify issues and tensions of school change efforts. The importance of simultaneous documentation and alternative change models is emphasized. (SLD)

Muncey, Donna E.; McQuillan, Patrick J.

1993-01-01

49

Education Reforms in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Malaysia's agenda in the late 1990s involved making the transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge-based economy. Thus, the more traditional purpose of education, that is, to produce an educated person, needs to be reevaluated. If the nation's Vision 2020 is to become a reality, the educational program needs to make a fundamental shift…

Yunus, Aida Suraya Muhammad

50

Reforming and Restructuring Education. UCEA Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains four selected conference papers on educational reform and restructuring. In "Can Rational Organization Models Really Reform Anything? A Case Study of Reform in Chicago," Fenwick English describes reform efforts in the Chicago Public Schools and examines the political, social, organizational, and bureaucratic factors that have…

Wendel, Frederick C., Ed.

51

The influence of secondary science teachers' pedagogical content knowledge, educational beliefs and perceptions of the curriculum on implementation and science reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education reform is one of the focal points of restructuring the educational system in the United States. However, research indicates a slow change in progression towards science literacy among secondary students. One of the factors contributing to slow change is how teachers implement the curriculum in the classroom. Three constructs are believed to be influential in curriculum implementation: educational beliefs, pedagogical knowledge and perception of the curriculum. Earlier research suggests that there is a strong correlation between teachers' educational beliefs and instructional practices. These beliefs can be predictors of preferred strategies employed in the classroom. Secondly, teachers' pedagogical knowledge, that is the ability to apply theory and appropriate strategies associated with implementing and evaluating a curriculum, contributes to implementation. Thirdly, perception or how the curriculum itself is perceived also effects implementation. Each of these constructs has been examined independently, but never the interplay of the three. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the interplay of teachers' educational beliefs, pedagogical content knowledge and perceptions of a science curriculum with respect to how these influence curriculum implementation. This was accomplished by investigating the emerging themes that evolved from classroom observations, transcripts from interview and supplementary data. Five high school biology teachers in an urban school system were observed for ten months for correspondence of teaching strategies to the curriculum. Teachers were interviewed formally and informally about their perceptions of science teaching, learning and the curriculum. Supplementary material such as lesson plans, course syllabus and notes from classroom observations were collected and analyzed. Data were transcribed and analyzed for recurring themes using a thematic matrix. A theoretical model was developed from the emerging themes and sub-themes that attempts to explain how teachers begin with an intended curriculum but digress to the actual curriculum. The results of this study were consistent with previous research on teachers' beliefs and pedagogy but also revealed a new model to explain the interaction of the three constructs. Each instructor held individual beliefs about science, science teaching and pedagogy. However, there was some commonality with teachers' beliefs, pedagogy and perceptions that impacted the implementation of the curriculum. It is the interplay of teachers' educational beliefs, pedagogical content knowledge and perceptions of the curriculum that determines what is taught and instructional strategies used to teach a concept.

Bonner, Portia Selene

2001-07-01

52

Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…

Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping

2008-01-01

53

The Standardization of American Schooling: Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the efforts of educational reformers who sought to link secondary and higher education in the decades after 1870. Through various state, regional, and national initiatives, these reformers created a hierarchical system, laid the foundation for a growing standardization in education, and influenced who would have access to…

VanOverbeke, Marc A.

2008-01-01

54

The Challenges of Educational Reform in Modern-Day Peru  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine a nationwide effort of educational reform in Peru. Specifically, the authors take a close look at the nation's efforts to change secondary education through the implementation of a 2-year postsecondary learning opportunity called the "bachillerato." First, the authors briefly present the contextual…

McDonald, Jane; Lammert, Jill

2006-01-01

55

Educational Reform, Students of Color, and Potential Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on middle-class, white values and assumptions, school restructuring proposed in "first wave reform" will increase inequity and stratification and hamper social mobility for minorities. School choice, outcomes-based education, and secondary track systems are critiqued. When race, culture, and ethnicity influence educational policy, students…

Reyes, Pedro; Scribner, Alicia Paredes

1995-01-01

56

Challenges to Reform: Botswana Junior Secondary School Science Teachers' Perceptions of the Development Functions of Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When surveyed concerning their views on science education's development functions, Botswana junior-level science teachers reported mediocre performance for socioeconomic developmental functions over the past decade. The system seems to work well at combatting the HIV/AIDS virus, preparing students for further study, and instilling some…

Vlaardingbroek, Barend

1998-01-01

57

Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

Giles, Corrie

2008-01-01

58

Technological Change & Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses technological change and its impact upon society and the educational system. Part I discusses the role of advanced and advancing technologies such as microelectronics and the impact they have had in society and their potential for increasing productivity and economic competitiveness. The section goes on to highlight some of…

Hunter, John O.

59

Historical Perspectives on the Current Education Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 14 individual papers by prominent scholars who provide a historical perspective on current educational reforms. The three essays in part 1 examine some of the major changes in educational development and reform. These include: (1) "Antiquarianism and American Education: Assimilation, Adjustment, Access" (Patricia Graham);…

Ravitch, Diane, Ed.; Vinovskis, Maris, Ed.

60

Context of Educational Reforms Then and Now  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. C.W.W. Kannangara is identified by all Sri Lankans as the father of Free Education. He was the architect of the 1944 educational reforms in Sri Lanka which opened the doors of education for all and Sri Lanka has progressed well since then. Today after six decades, the context of 1944 reforms is much changed, yet Sri Lanka continues to provide…

Sedere, Mohottige Upali

2005-01-01

61

General Education Reform: Opportunities for Institutional Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General education reform provides strategic opportunities for departments. This article analyzes reform at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, illustrating how departments could use the reform process to clarify their strategic planning, align with institutional goals, and steer the university closer to departmental objectives. (Contains 1 table.)

Fuess, Scott M., Jr.; Mitchell, Nancy D.

2011-01-01

62

Education's "Creditability Crunch": The Upper Secondary Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the policies of the Coalition Government will divide learners and limit opportunities, education for the upper secondary years will continue to experience a more systematic "credibility crunch" with schools and colleges facing a crisis of legitimacy and posing major challenges for reformers. (Contains 1 note.)

Allen, Martin

2010-01-01

63

Secondary Education in Austria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides a brief description of secondary education in Austria. The publication is part of a series that seeks to make the public aware of the education systems and traditions in all signatory states to the European Cultural Convention and to outline the essential problems these systems presently are facing. This short booklet…

Aigner, Helmut

64

Reforming Primary and Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: An IDB Strategy. Sustainable Development Department Sector Strategy and Policy Papers Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes what is known about educational improvement in Latin America and provides objectives and strategies to guide the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in supporting primary and secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean over the next decade. It is based on six background papers as well as a review of the lessons…

Castro, Claudio de Moura; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Wolff, Laurence; Carnoy, Martin

65

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take, for example, the various SSI's statements of "good educational practice." Most SSI's began their initiatives by establishing clear goals for what students should know and be able to do, reflecting the emergence of a national consensus for broad standards for just about every aspect of the educational process. The concerned persons in each SSI--policy-makers, educators, mathematicians, and scientists--have not necessarily reached the same conclusions about what children should learn or even what efforts are needed to put the necessary changes in place, but they are focused on common goals as expressed locally. The recent national dialogues about goals and standards have provided the basis for a remarkably consistent image of what states--at least the SSI states--consider good educational practice. The differences that do occur across states reflect variations in demographics, geography, resources, values, and educational structure. All the states with SSI's, regardless of their primary strategy, have address the professional development of teachers. Collectively, the SSI's reported that professional development services were provided to more than 50,000 teachers during the past year, which is approximately eight percent of the public school teachers in the participating states. The number of teachers participating varied by grade level and subject matter. Some states, for example, reported reaching more than one in every five middle-school mathematics teachers, but only one in every 20 high-school mathematics teachers. Focusing SSI resources on the professional development of classroom teachers implies changing their skill levels, knowledge, and beliefs. Attitudes and perceptions of administrators also changed in the process. The challenge lies in developing a strategy that provides on-going, in-depth professional development that reaches a significant portion of those who teach mathematics and the sciences. Not only must an effective development model(s), be provided, the infrastructure to accommodate all teachers must be created as well. Most state

Lagowski, J. J.

1995-09-01

66

Educational Reform and the Equivalence of Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews school effectiveness literature and examines desired educational outcomes featured in contemporary social science research. Current educational reform efforts are unlikely to increase school effectiveness because socially ascribed characteristics beyond school control remain the most important determinants of students' academic…

Bickel, Robert

1986-01-01

67

Emerging Issues in Educational Reform in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the demand-supply continuum to look at emerging reforms in the Japanese educational system. Data from fieldwork in major urban districts and their prefectures in Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo highlight demand-driven reform (higher education restructuring), integrated governance (mediating demand and supply at the K-12 levels), and ongoing…

Wong, Kenneth K.

2003-01-01

68

Public Service Reform in Education: Why Is Progress so Slow?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines why public-sector reform in education often fails to deliver expected performance gains. Longitudinal evidence from a secondary comprehensive located in a former coalfield is used to identify constraints that frustrate government policies. Although the head and senior staff at Norcross School adopted transformational,…

Barker, Bernard

2009-01-01

69

Pressures for Reform in Contemporary Irish Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses proposed educational reforms in Ireland, highlighting components of the 1992 Green Paper, "Education for a Changing World." Six key aims involve greater equity in education, a broadening of education, better use of resources through decentralization, improvement of teacher training, a system of quality assurance, and greater…

Brown, Alice; Fairley, John

1993-01-01

70

Educational Reforms and Innovations in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are nine brief case studies of some educational reforms and innovations in some African countries. The studies have in common the concern for problems related to mass education in support of development, particularly in the initial phase of lifelong or basic education. The studies include: Middle-Level Practical Education in Senegal…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

71

The Straight A Plan for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report chronicles the work and recommendations of a coalition of educational, public, and private organizations known as the Grand Rapids Education Reform Initiative. Based on research showing that education in the public schools of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was in a state of crisis, the initiative set out to improve education throughout the…

2003

72

Policy Formation and Implementation in Secondary Education Reform: The Case of Chile at the Turn of the Century. Education Working Paper Series. Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…

Cox, Cristian

2006-01-01

73

Curriculum Reform and the Displacement of Knowledge in Peruvian Rural Secondary Schools: Exploring the Unintended Local Consequences of Global Education Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws attention to processes of policy implementation in developing contexts, and to the unintended consequences of education policies that follow international policy scripts without enough consideration of local histories and cultures. Drawing on a study of teaching practices in Peruvian rural secondary schools after a period of…

Balarin, Maria; Benavides, Martin

2010-01-01

74

Redesigning Teacher Salary Systems for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How changes in teacher pay can contribute to systemic educational reform and school restructuring is discussed, focusing on knowledge- and skill-based pay, job enlargement, and collective incentives. These alternatives have the potential to improve teacher motivation and support other reforms. (SLD)

Firestone, William A.

1994-01-01

75

Higher Education Reforms in the Slovak Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early steps in the higher education reform process in the Slovak Republic since 1989 are outlined, difficulties are noted, and suggestions for possible forms of encouragement are listed. Suggestions focus on international cooperation, particularly within the European Community, interinstitutional collaboration, and internal reforms in governance,…

Pisut, Jan

1993-01-01

76

The Politics of Reform in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Author criticizes the educational reformers who, through changes that they advocate in the college classroom, would like to execute a significant radical gesture calculated to shake the entire American system." (Author/DR)

Shaw, Peter

1971-01-01

77

Education and the community in the Peruvian educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reform of Peruvian education initiated in 1972 was based on new concepts, postulated new policies and proposed to convert the old school system into a new educational system in accordance with the revolutionary process begun in 1968. The principles of permanent education, education in the community and the educating community inspired an ambitious educational model on a national scale,

Carlos Malpica

1980-01-01

78

Returning to Education Reform. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the failure of the Pennsylvania General Assembly to adopt the governor's education reform package, the time is opportune to review the major problems with education in Pennsylvania and some actions that would relieve these problems. The main symptom of education problems, in Pennsylvania as in the nation as a whole, is weak academic…

Greenawalt, Charles E., II

79

Reforming the Doctorate in Education: Three Conceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors focus on three relatively concrete reform efforts now being implemented in a number of schools of education that took part in the Carnegie Initiative on the Doctorate (CID) study: (1) the establishment of a core of educational courses; (2) significant changes in the preparation of educational researchers; and (3) new…

McCarty, Luise Prior; Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter

2004-01-01

80

Rural Education Reform: The Consultation Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…

Mulcahy, Dennis M.

81

Revolutionary Educational Reform Efforts in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author briefly examines how educational reform attempts in Cuba since 1959 have taken place and how they have been related to social, economic, and political change efforts in the society at large. The Cuban educational system makes a significant contrast against the failure which characterizes the other Latin American educational systems.…

Paulston, Rolland G.

1975-01-01

82

Evaluating Educational Reform: An International Casebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 400 references relating to the theory and practice of educational reform in developed and developing nations comprise this annotated bibliography. Three objectives are to (1) provide a compilation of the literature on national educational change efforts; (2) stimulate nonbiased inquiry into causes, processes, and outcomes of educational

Paulston, Rolland G.

83

Curriculum Reform in Finnish Pharmacy Education  

PubMed Central

Objective To improve pharmacy education through integrating theory and practice, coherent constructively aligned course entities, and enhanced deep-level learning. Design The reform was conducted collaboratively with faculty and staff members, students, and stakeholders in pharmacy. The curriculum, syllabus, and teaching methods were assessed through evaluations and research, conducting core content analyses, and measuring the workload of pharmacy education courses. The new curriculum, launched in August 2005, consists of 6 strands, comprised of different courses which run through the entire program. Assessment Three years after the introduction of the reformed curriculum, the results of the reform are being evaluated. Ongoing assessments of teaching and learning will reveal how the education at the faculty level has developed since the reform. These assessment procedures are an integral part of the faculty's quality assurance program. Conclusion The integration of practical training and theoretical studies was improved with personal study plans introduced to enhance students’ learning.

Hakkarainen, Katja; Kuosa, Tiina; Airaksinen, Marja; Hirvonen, Jouni; Holm, Yvonne

2009-01-01

84

Reforma Educativa: Proyecto de Reforma Educativa para Francia (Educational Reform: French Educational Reform Proposals).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a Spanish translation of French educational reform proposals and general educational philosophy. Initial remarks in the document concern educational objectives and general aims of the particular educational levels. Different, possible, educational progressions are considered, and the university system is discussed. Teacher…

Langevin, Paul

85

Russian Higher Education Reforms: Shifting Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors analyze the existing higher education policies in the Russian Federation and discuss the implications of current reforms for the future of the higher education sector and those involved in it. The authors' analytical framework was based on the work of Olssen, Codd, and O'Neill (2004), outlining the major tenets of the…

Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

2007-01-01

86

Mission Not Accomplished: Education Reform in Retrospect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 1980s educational reform philosophies, characterizing this decade as driven more by debate than by change. The first wave's emphasis on the utilitarian value of education has endured in third-wave philosophy calling for business-oriented graduates to help reassert America's economic preeminence. A fourth wave envisions expanding…

Futrell, Mary Hatwood

1989-01-01

87

Cooperative Learning for Educational Reform in Armenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Armenia is in the midst of major educational reforms in which teacher professional development is a key component. Much of the energy devoted to developing education in Armenia is targeted towards enhancing student-centred teaching, especially cooperative learning. This has become a significant challenge for many schools and teachers as they cope…

Hovhannisyan, Aleksan; Sahlberg, Pasi

2010-01-01

88

Decentralization and Educational Reform in Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973 Florida embarked on an ambitious adventure to improve the quality of public education by decentralizing many aspects of educational decision-making to the school site. The strategy incorporated a comprehensive reform of the state's school finance system, the development of a management information and accounting system, requirements for…

Pierce, Lawrence C.

89

Educational Reform in Japan for Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the current state of affairs and reform in Japan in 2007 of the theory, policy, and practice of lifelong education. As in most countries, Japan has been talking of decentralisation in government, of giving more local autonomy to communities and of promoting individuality in education. In line with these aims, the government…

Kawachi, Paul

2008-01-01

90

Educational reform in Japan for lifelong learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the current state of affairs and reform in Japan in 2007 of the theory, policy, and practice of lifelong education. As in most countries, Japan has been talking of decentralisation in government, of giving more local autonomy to communities and of promoting individuality in education. In line with these aims, the government has said it promotes lifelong

Paul Kawachi

2008-01-01

91

Educational Reforms, Cultural Clashes and Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional…

Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan; Silver, Rita Elaine

2012-01-01

92

Reform of general education and vocational training in the U.S.S.R.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Extensive school reform measures were initiated in the U.S.S.R. in 1984. The essence of the reform is to improve the quality of instruction, improve the content of education, strengthen the Marxist-Leninist world view, and ensure that all secondary school graduates master an occupation.

Spearman, M. L.

1986-01-01

93

Special Education: Does It Help? A Study of Special Education in Norwegian Upper Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994 a comprehensive reform of upper secondary education was introduced in Norway, giving all 16-year-olds--including SEN students--a statutory right to enter upper secondary. In a longitudinal study following a representative group of SEN students through upper secondary from 1994 until 1999, the main findings were: (1) SEN students in special…

Markussen, Eifred

2004-01-01

94

Progress in reforming chemical engineering education.  

PubMed

Three successful historical reforms of chemical engineering education were the triumph of chemical engineering over industrial chemistry, the engineering science revolution, and Engineering Criteria 2000. Current attempts to change teaching methods have relied heavily on dissemination of the results of engineering-education research that show superior student learning with active learning methods. Although slow dissemination of education research results is probably a contributing cause to the slowness of reform, two other causes are likely much more significant. First, teaching is the primary interest of only approximately one-half of engineering faculty. Second, the vast majority of engineering faculty have no training in teaching, but trained professors are on average better teachers. Significant progress in reform will occur if organizations with leverage-National Science Foundation, through CAREER grants, and the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET-use that leverage to require faculty to be trained in pedagogy. PMID:23394171

Wankat, Phillip C

2013-01-01

95

Education Reform Context and Process in Cambodia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite Cambodia's long history of education development (Clayton 1995; Dy and Ninomiya 2003), the discussion of the country's\\u000a contemporary education sector usually begins with the destructive Khmer Rouge regime (Chhinh 2004; Keng and Clayton 2007).\\u000a This analytical chapter of politics and economics of education reform begins with a discussion of the Khmer Rouge regime during\\u000a which almost two million people

Sitha Chhinh; Sideth S. Dy

96

From Olympics to Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Utah's competency-based education bill (S.B. 154). Includes graduation requirements, role of local boards, task force charge, alternative teacher certification, state education summit, state board of education role in the bill's implementation. (PKP)

Christie, Kathy

2003-01-01

97

Reform of medical education in Korea.  

PubMed

There are 41 medical schools in South Korea with over 3500 students graduating from the medical schools annually with the appropriate qualifications to practice medicine. Korean medical educators have made significant efforts to enhance the effectiveness of medical education by preparing students for the rapidly changing global environment of medicine and healthcare. This article outlines the reform efforts made by Korean medical schools to meet such demands, which includes the adoption of student-centered and competency-based education, e-learning, and authentic assessment of clinical performance. It also discusses the recent reform of the medical education system, driven by the Government's policy to prepare Korean higher education for an increasingly knowledge-based society. PMID:20163225

Kim, Kyong-Jee; Kee, Changwon

2010-01-01

98

Tax Reform and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 on college and university revenues and expenditures is reviewed. Institutional revenues are derived primarily from five sources: tuition, charitable contributions, debt financing, endowment income, and governmental appropriations. The effect of the new law on family and student income, savings, student…

Franck, Gail

1987-01-01

99

Educational Reform: An Ironic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article adopts "irony" as a frame for understanding some of the consequences of the reform movement in the UK. A distinction is drawn between the ironies that are endemic in all organizations and rooted in ambiguities and dilemmas, and the ironies that specifically flow from the disjunction between central policies and the contingent…

Hoyle, Eric; Wallace, Mike

2007-01-01

100

Secondary Educational Specifications Special Education Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational specifications for secondary educable mentally handicapped children are discussed. The philosophy, instructional programs, space needs, storage, special considerations (environmental, utilities), and relationships (within the program, to closely related programs) are covered. (CD)

Bay County Public School System, Panama City, FL.

101

Preconditions for System-Wide Educational Reform: Learning from the Cuban Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses accomplishments and problems in recent Cuban attempts to move secondary education into rural areas. Some of the theoretical implications of the Cuban educational reform model for other Latin American societies are examined. Prerevolutionary Cuban education was crucially deficient in its orientation to professional training and…

Paulston, Rolland G.

102

Making Educational Reform: Hard Times in Detroit 1988-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from over 75 interviews, examines education reform in Detroit (Michigan) and explores the apparent collapse of a local education reform effort in spite of broad dissatisfaction with the current education system. Findings indicate that some long-term institutional impact of the reform remains. (SLD)

Hula, Richard C.; Jelier, Richard W.; Schauer, Mark

1997-01-01

103

The Artifacts of Educational Reform: Explaining the Unexpected.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inequality of opportunity that sometimes results from educational reform may not be an artifact or an aberration but may be the intended result of most programs. Although the ostensible goal of most educational reform is equal opportunity, very few programs achieve this goal. It is possible that the real goal of educational reform is continued…

Ascher, Gordon

104

Outline Guide to Educational Reform Initiatives. ERS Research Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educational reform initiatives are being tried in an effort to restructure the American school system. This guide compares major educational reform efforts by goal, vision, teaching and learning, and system components. The first section of the guide covers major systemic educational reform initiatives, including Accelerated Schools Project,…

Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

105

Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2010-01-01

106

The Progress of Globalization and Educational Reforms in East Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The symposium entitled "Social Changes in East Asia and Educational reforms: China, Korea, and Singapore" suggested that these countries are carrying out rather drastic educational reforms in the context of rapid social changes. The knowledge gained from the symposium also has important suggestions for Japanese educational reform. In addition, as…

Shimbo, Atsuko

2009-01-01

107

Transforming State Education Agencies To Support Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To answer the question of how to build the capacity of state and local educational systems to implement systemic reform, the National Governors' Association (NGA) convened two meetings of educators and policymakers and commissioned three supporting papers from knowledgeable educators. This volume contains an overview report of the conferences and…

David, Jane L.

108

Districts as Institutional Actors in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Intermittent attention to the district as the unit of study has left a void in our understanding of the complexities associated with the ability of district-level leaders to contribute to successful, systemic educational reform. In this article, the authors address this void by providing a narrative synthesis of previous findings,…

Rorrer, Andrea K.; Skrla, Linda; Scheurich, James Joseph

2008-01-01

109

Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education

Pemberton, Janette E.

110

Reforming Tenure in Schools of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current academic tenure system is unacceptable, since the reward system favors research over work with teachers. Four alternative models include developing a charter with education faculty exemptions, reforming tenure codes, specifying tenure alternatives and differentiated tasks, and dispensing with tenure altogether. Implementation tips are…

Tierney, William G.

2001-01-01

111

Reflections on Educational Reform in Cuba.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Cuban educational reforms, highlighting 1959, 1976, and 1980s initiatives. Compares Cuba's progress with John Kotter's eight-step process based on establishing a sense of urgency, creating a guiding coalition, developing and communicating the change vision, empowering broad-based action, generating short-term wins, consolidating gains, and…

Lindahl, Ronald A.

1998-01-01

112

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

113

Education Reform for Raising Economic Competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization has increased economic competition within and between countries and the world’s regions. Economic competitiveness is commonly seen as a valid index for judging a country’s level of economic prosperity. Many recent large-scale education reforms have been justified by the urgent need to increase labor productivity and promote economic development and growth through expanded and improved education. It is generally

P. Sahlberg

2006-01-01

114

Secondary Education in Luxembourg. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a systematic and coherent exposition of the educational structure of Luxembourg, and also outlines the essential problems the system faces. The text opens with the social and political context of education in the country, which is followed by a description of the different types of secondary education. Some of the specific…

Hansen, Jeannot

115

The Heart of the Matter: Teacher Educators and Teacher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…

Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.

116

Hydrogen plant expansion using oxygen secondary reforming  

SciTech Connect

As crude oil feedstocks become heavier and more sour, the H/sub 2/ demands of a refinery increase. Heavier sour crudes require more H/sub 2/ for hydrodesulfurization, hydrocracking and hydrotreating to produce the lighter, high quality products currently in demand. In most cases, this additional H/sub 2/ requirement is satisfied by the generation of on purpose H/sub 2/. The on purpose H/sub 2/ demand is typically satisfied by steam methane reforming (SMR). The conventional SMR process, utilizing shift, CO/sub 2/ removal, and methanation for H/sub 2/ purification, can produce 90 to 98% pure H/sub 2/ at 150 to 400 psig at an energy efficiency of 410 Btu (HHV)/SCF H/sub 2/. An SMR process employing shift and pressure swing adsorption (PSA) for H/sub 2/ purification can produce H/sub 2/ at a purity up to 99.999% and an energy efficiency of 390 Btu (HHV)/SCF H/sub 2/. Two options available for satisfying an increased on purpose H/sub 2/ demand are the addition of a new SMR plant and the debottlenecking of an existing SMR. A new SMR plant is the most capital-intensive means of expanding H/sub 2/ capacity.

Snyder, G.D.; Wang, S.I.

1986-01-01

117

Education Reform as it Relates to Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four decades of educational reform efforts from the nineteen sixties have not significantly improved our schools. It is believed that in the equation of educational reform, leadership and power in educational reform have mitigated against educational reform through the misapplicaiton of examination and accountability. A major subset of the field on public administration is accountability. Accountability is widely used in government although the concept is loosely defined. Most often it is used to express public frustration, to call for control, and to transmit a range of political agendas. Any accountability framework originates from the American model of shared powers between independent governmental bodies. It allows for institutions to depend on and accommodate other institutions. Accountability assumes that individuals or agencies may hold accountable for their performance. This assumes that there is a unidirectional flow of power and influence between a controlling partner and a controlled partner. This assumption is false. Individual administrators are exposed to the authority and persuasion within a democratic framework. Educators are also confronted with control mechanisms that are rooted in the organizational and professional standards and disciplinary standards regardless of whether any democratic controls are evoked. Accountability relationships have the potential to become quite complicated. Performance evaluation is significant to every accountability relationship. In the public sector, the citizens hold government accountable and the idea of performance evaluation is relative at best, however, in education the use of examination for accountability allows for the misapplication of the exam and affects education reform in negative ways.

Elliott, R. J.

2005-05-01

118

Brazil: Secondary Education Profile. A Summary of "Secondary Education: Time to Move Forward." Secondary Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief profile of the state of secondary education in Brazil. An overview of the organizational structure, objectives, curricular offerings, system size, and governance structure of secondary education is provided. Issues relating to the quality, equity, management, and financing of the system are discussed, and promising…

Larach, Linda

119

Special education and education reform in Mexico: providing quality education to a diverse student population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the reform of basic education in Mexico and the restructuring of special education services that is occurring within the context of that reform. Recent developments in the transformation of educational services for diverse populations are identified and discussed. The activities of the General Directorate of Special Education of the Public Education Secretariat in the Federal District of

Eliseo Guajardo Ramos; Todd V. Fletcher

1998-01-01

120

The Results of the New Hampshire Education Funding Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report highlights research that examined education finance data for the 1998-99 school year, the year prior to the introduction of finance reforms in New Hampshire, and the 1999-00 to 2001-02 school years, the 3 years following the introduction of reform. Following are some of the conclusions about New Hampshire's education finance reform.…

Gottlob, Brian J.

121

Crafting an Education Reform Agenda through Economic Stimulus Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic stimulus enacted during President Obama's initial weeks included a down payment on his ambitious education reform agenda. By combining short-term policy with reform, the strategy gained his administration three advantages: a discretionary funding source with little Congressional scrutiny; flexibility in pursuing education reform goals…

McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Weatherford, M. Stephen

2011-01-01

122

Educational Reform: A Deweyan Perspective. Critical Educational Practice. Volume 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book re-examines the reflective, controversial voice of John Dewey. Educators and policymakers must take into account various social, political, economic, philosophical, and professional considerations that influence both formal and informal education. Following the introduction by Harvey Neufeldt called "School Reform in Dewey's America,"…

Simpson, Douglas J.; Jackson, Michael J. B.

123

Introduction: Women's Health: A Catalyst for Reform of Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses curriculum reform in medical education to ensure that women's health issues receive adequate attention. There has been remarkable progress in this area, but the reforms have not yet been translated into equitable care for women patients. (SLD)

Donoghue, Glenda D.

2000-01-01

124

Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured interviews…

Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

2012-01-01

125

Secondary Education in Malta: Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maltese islands consist of Malta, Gozo, and Comino and two tiny uninhabited islands, strategically located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. This handbook contains a brief description of secondary education in Malta. Following the introduction, section 1 provides an overview of the mission of the Ministry of Education and Human…

Attard, Paul A.; Buhagiar, Andrew J.

126

Secondary Education in Romania. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary education in Romania is characterized by innovations introduced by the communist system and by recent efforts to restructure the system. This book presents a systematic and coherent exposition of the Romanian educational system, and outlines the essential problems the system faces. The book opens with the historical, social, and…

Georgescu, Dakmara-Ana

127

The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

Vavrus, Frances

2009-01-01

128

The impact of educational reform and categorization of scientific journals and scientists on physics in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The trend of the increasing participation and importance of female physicists in Serbia continues. Many women have taken leading position in research and faculty governance and are contributing significantly to educational reform and the improvement of physics education in the primary and secondary schools.

Boži?, Mirjana; Davidovi?, Milena; Kapor, Agneš; Kneževi?, Dragica; Pavkov-Hrvojevi?, Milica; Pua?, Nevena; Savi?, Ilija; Stojanovi?, Maja; Markovi?-Topalovi?, Tatjana

2013-03-01

129

Reforming Higher Education in Hong Kong towards Post-Massification: The First Decade and Challenges Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reforming Hong Kong's higher education sector commenced in 2001, and the system moved into the post-massification era. Within five years, the post-secondary participation rate for the 17-20 age cohort had increased to 66 per cent. This target was achieved much earlier than the Government had planned. More educational opportunities…

Wan, Calvin

2011-01-01

130

Computers in Swiss Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the current state of secondary school computer literacy instruction in the Swiss canton of Vaud and the activities of a nationwide coordinating group concerned with the use of computers in Swiss secondary education. Information is presented on the requirements for instituting computer literacy instruction in Vaud, the types of…

Bron, Alain

131

Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators

Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

2009-01-01

132

Evangelism, Egalitarianism, and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in the United States today has not only lost its favored status in terms of public and private support, but has lost, in definitions of mission and in individual institutions as a whole, even minimally agreed-upon definitions of mission and of assessment of students. (Author)

Riesman, David; Grant, Gerald

1973-01-01

133

Modeling And Simulation Tools For Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., the Modeling And Simulation Tools for Education Reform (MASTER) provide useful educational tools that help students and teachers learn through observation and modeling activities. The Shodor Foundation worked in tandem with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, George Mason University, and other educational organizations to craft these tools and visitors can access all eight of them here. The Fractal Modeling Tools are a good place to start as visitors can download the required software or take in some instructional materials, such as the interactive fractal microscope and the snowflake fractal generator. Other notable areas here include The Pit and the Pendulum, which offers the work of Edgar Allan Poe as a way to learn about better reading through computation.

134

Educational Reform Discourse: President George Bush on "America 2000."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an examination of the metaphorical language used by President George Bush about educational reform, specifically with regard to "America 2000," his proclaimed education strategy for the nation and the major educational reform bill he sent to Congress. Concludes that his discourse did not come together to constitute a coherent, conceptual…

Staton, Ann Q.; Peeples, Jennifer A.

2000-01-01

135

China's Higher Education Reform 1998-2003: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profoundly important and unprecedented changes have taken place in China's higher education since 1998, when Zhu Rongji Administration (1998-2003) decided to carry out a new round of educational reform. These changes include some breakthroughs in macro administrative system reform, growth in the total amount of educational expenditure, the…

Lixu, Li

2004-01-01

136

Educational Reform in Thailand: Evolutionary Change and Political Impermanence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a major educational reform effort in Thailand and examines its development in the light of frameworks suggested by House and by Berman. Internal, or organizational, factors affecting the Thai educational system as well as factors affecting the external context, or environment, are considered. The educational reform had two…

Kaewdang, Rung; Fry, Gerald

137

The Impact of Reform Recommendations on Urban Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federally proposed educational reform recommendations such as those in "America 2000" are examined for their impact on urban special education. Areas discussed include curriculum reforms, preschool education for at-risk youth, graduation rates, national achievement testing, drug-free environment, parental choice of schools, alternative teacher…

McIntyre, Thomas

1992-01-01

138

Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an "Asian" Way?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main…

Hallinger, Philip

2010-01-01

139

Reforming Preservice Preparation Programs for Secondary and Postsecondary Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990 Perkins Amendments and the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act encouraged high schools and community colleges to combine academic with vocational curriculum in a program that includes work-related applications and creates clearer pathways from secondary to postsecondary education. To ensure the readiness of educators, institutions that…

Finch, Curtis; Kelly, Patricia; Heath-Camp, Betty; Harris, Jerilyn; Zimmerlin, Daniel; Aragon, Steven

140

The 1987 Junior secondary-school Reform in Ghana: Vocational or Pre-vocational in nature?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The secondary-education system in Ghana was reorganised in the early 1980s. The present study addresses one part of this reform: the attempt to introduce a more vocationally oriented curriculum in junior secondary schools. The findings on which this study is based are drawn from interviews at several levels as well as from documentary analysis and case studies. It is shown how planned changes were not clearly conceptualised and how a serious lack of communication has continued to exist between the various elements of the education system. Classroom observation also reveals that the ideas originally laid out in the National Education Policy - such as integrated approaches to subject matter, student involvement, and problem-oriented teaching methods -- have not been effectively implemented by teachers.

Osei, George M.

2004-11-01

141

Quality Education: School Reform for the New American Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reform of schools and the modernization of workplaces are inextricably linked. Finding common ground begins with a realization that educators have a tripartite mission to teach students to be good neighbors, involved citizens, and qualified workers. Unless the reform of schools and reform of workplaces proceed at the same pace, a mismatch is…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Porro, Jeffrey D.

142

Rhetoric, Distortions, and Responsibility: Illusion and Reality in Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of education reform takes place in a highly politicized environment. Language plays an important part in the characterization of the reform, and the words used connect the reform to higher ideals, usually extensive to the local environment but signifying some opportunity for progress. The language is frequently decoupled from the…

Korotkova, Maria; Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.

2010-01-01

143

Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in…

Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

2011-01-01

144

Selected Bibliography and Abstracts of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 7, Number 2, 1973. Period Covered April-June 1973.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Adult education; Art education; Childhood education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education planning; Education reforms; Elementary and secondary education; Exami...

1973-01-01

145

Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 3, Number 2, 1969: Period Covered April-June 1969.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Adult education; Childhood education; Comparative education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education planning; Education reforms; Elementary secondary education; E...

1969-01-01

146

Selected Bibliography and Abstracts of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 3, Number 3, 1969: Period Covered July-September 1969.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Adult education; Childhood education; Comparative education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education planning; Education reforms; Elementary secondary education; E...

1969-01-01

147

Selected Bibliography and Abstracts of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 3, Number 4, 1969: Period Covered October-December 1969.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Adult education; Childhood education; Comparative education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education planning; Education reforms; Elementary secondary education; E...

1969-01-01

148

Career: Secondary School Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the handbook is to provide a resource to teachers for integrating career education into secondary level subject areas in order to reveal to students the broad range of career possibilities and the relevance of subject matter to the world of work. The first 19 pages of the document discuss the broad objectives of the program, the…

Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC. Pacific Area.

149

Educational Policy and Reform for Homeless Students. An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of educational reform efforts that have been targeted toward assisting homeless students. The authors first review some of the difficulties and barriers that confront homeless children in terms of school access and academic success. The authors then examine four different types of educational reforms for homeless…

Mawhinney-Rhoads, Lynnette; Stahler, Gerald

2006-01-01

150

Evaluating Education Reforms: Four Cases in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This symposium features four studies of education reforms and their impact on enrollment and learning. Three are part of a research project funded by the World Bank's Development Research Group and its Research Support Budget to evaluate innovations in the education systems of selected developing countries. Two of the articles focus on Latin America, where decentralization reforms have been in

Elizabeth M. King; Peter Orazem

1999-01-01

151

Recent Proposals To Reform Teacher Education in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses teacher education in Brazil and the recent proposals to reform existing programs by the current Brazilian government, arguing that recent reforms function as resources for economic growth and that a tension between mechanisms to make the educational process more flexible and instruments to control and evaluate its products underlines the…

Ludke, Menga; Moreira, Antonio Flavio Barbosa

1999-01-01

152

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

153

"Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

2011-01-01

154

Three Channels of Education in Developing Countries: Some Needed Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the three channels for education in developing countries: schools, or the formal education system; modern nonformal education through mass media and government programs; and the traditional incidental education serving most of the people. Suggests reforms in all channels to emphasize adult and continuing education. (MF)

Naik, J. P.

1979-01-01

155

Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials in Pakistan, Vol 1, No. 2, 1967.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Adult education, Agricultural education, Childhood education, Curriculum, Discipline problems, Education goals, Education reforms, Elementary-secondary education, Health education, Islamic education, Libraries, Literature for children, Professional educat...

I. Saad

1967-01-01

156

Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 4, Number 4, 1970: Period Covered October-December 1970.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Adult education; Agricultural education; Childhood education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education planning; Education reforms; Elementary and secondary educati...

1970-01-01

157

Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials in Pakistan. Volume 2, Number 2, 1968: Period Covered April-June 1968.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Administration, organization and financing of education; Childhood education; Comparative education; Curriculum; Development of education; Education goals; Education reforms; Elementary-secondary education; Examinations; Higher education; Histor...

1969-01-01

158

Special Education: Does It Fit with Standards-Based Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on how special education fits into standards-based reform and contains the following featured articles: (1) A New Vision for Special Education Accountability (Martha L. Thurlow and Jane L. Krentz) charts the change in special education accountability as it moves from the old focus on Individualized Education Program teams; (2)…

Kysilko, David, Ed.

2001-01-01

159

Zimbabwe's Public Education System Reforms: Successes and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss Zimbabwe's public education system. First, the article provides a brief look at pre-independence education in Zimbabwe. Second, it discusses some of the reforms that took place in the Zimbabwe education system following independence. Third, it looks at the current structure of Zimbabwe's education system…

Kanyongo, Gibbs Y.

2005-01-01

160

Voicing Concerns: Sociological Perspectives on Contemporary Education Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 11 papers in this book address, from a sociological perspective, a variety of contemporary educational reform issues in Great Britain. The papers examine the direction and role of sociological research in education. Sociology education has an important role to play in raising questions about the British educational system and its premises. The…

Arnot, Madeleine, Ed.; Barton, Len, Ed.

161

The Reform of Teacher Education: A Review of Current Proposals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposals for reform in teacher education from major organizations are reviewed, summarized, and compared in this document. Concise analyses are presented of: (1) The Need for Quality (Southern Regional Education Board, 1981); (2) "Educating a Profession: Profile of a Beginning Teacher" (American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education

Roth, Robert A.

162

Educational Reform, Inequality and the Structure of Higher Education in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon…

Strathdee, Rob

2011-01-01

163

The Dynamics of Educational Reforms in the Philippine Basic and Higher Education Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explains the current reforms in basic and higher education in the Philippines. Specifically, internal and external enablers in the educational environment were reviewed as justifications of the reforms both at the national level as well at the individual teacher. The reforms were treated in the light of four perspectives in the…

de Guzman, Allan B.

2003-01-01

164

Litigation: A Necessary Tool for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cites the benefits and dismisses several criticisms of school reform litigation, noting that recourse to the courts can be necessary but urging the development of alternative methods for encouraging action on needed reforms. (PGD)

Roos, Peter D.

1983-01-01

165

Mental Discipline, Curricular Reform, and the Decline of U.S. Astronomy Education, 1893-1920  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nineteenth-century astronomy education rested on a powerful rationale of support within American liberal arts colleges and high schools. Descriptive astronomy was widely regarded as suitable for improving a student's "mental discipline." But the collapse of mental discipline pedagogy, along with concurrent efforts to standardize and reform secondary-level curricula, were responsible for a significant post-1900 decline in astronomical teaching. As a result, astronomy education was not broadly reinstated into secondary curricula until after the launch of Sputnik in 1957. This report demonstrates that changing relationships between disciplinary specialties and pedagogical theories provide no guarantee of sustained curricular success--a conclusion equally relevant to today's science educators.

Marché, Jordan D., II

166

Higher Education & School Reform. Jossey-Bass Education Series. Jossey-Bass Higher Education and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the critical relationship between higher education institutions and K-12 schools, including an examination of higher education's role in implementing systemic school reform. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction: Higher Education and School Reform--A Missing Voice" (P. Michael Timpane and Lori S. White);…

Timpane, P. Michael, Ed.; White, Lori S., Ed.

167

Educational Reform or National Survival: Take Your Pick.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the Holmes and Carnegie reports that call for educational reforms in the teaching profession, this paper argues that the financial support for these future reforms will be diverted to fund the research to combat the emerging national crises that ultimately will threaten national security. Describing the emerging crises in this paper…

Seiter, Carl

168

Materials from Pioneer Initiatives To Reform Education Support Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials in this collection were submitted by school districts and programs participating in a "summit" of leaders involved in efforts to reform and restructure education support programs. Program descriptions and supplemental materials are provided for the: (1) Memphis, Tennessee City Schools, where the reform was a comprehensive restructuring;…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health in Schools.

169

The Uncertain Character of Recent Educational Reform in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the main education reforms that have taken place in Greece from the 1960s until the present. The author discusses how the direction of these reforms has been influenced not only by "global" pressures for "modernization" but also by the distinctive socio-cultural Greek context. The conclusion stresses that despite the various…

Traianou, Anna

2009-01-01

170

Changing Our Schools: Implementing Successful Educational Reform. Lessons in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large-scale educational reform--systemic approaches to changing the way schools operate--helps to meet students' learning needs more effectively. These approaches focus on reorganizing entire school systems, rather than implementing individual school-improvement initiatives. Such reforms require a significant investment of resources and--if…

Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

2009-01-01

171

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than

Carlos Ornelas

2004-01-01

172

The Politics of Privatisation, Decentralisation and Education Reform in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling…

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-01-01

173

Benchmarking Exponential Growth of Educational Reform: The Sustainability Index  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After decades of reform efforts in public school systems in the United States, there is minimal student achievement progress to measure. This article addresses the ongoing challenges and complexities of the sustainability of educational reform through a review of the literature and the proposal of a Sustainability Index as a metric to benchmark…

Garcia, Ray

2009-01-01

174

The Possibility of Reform: Micropolitics in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the restructuring of an institution of higher education's teacher preparation program and assessed the possibility for systemic reform from a perspective based on micropolitics. Results from various sources, including 23 interviews, show fundamental differences in the images of the program and reform efforts among five constituencies,…

Haag, Susan; Smith, Mary Lee

2002-01-01

175

Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney…

Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

2012-01-01

176

Improving Finance for Qatari Education Reform. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qatar's education reform, which included implementation of a new finance system, appears to be providing schools with adequate funding but is still struggling with issues of transparency and swift policy shifts that have been difficult to accommodate. [For full report, "Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar", see ED504832.

Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

2009-01-01

177

International Perspectives on Educational Reform and Policy Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on educational change processes in the context of larger scale educational reform. The first of 2 volumes, the book contains 11 chapters that examine the historical, social, and economic forces at work in the formulation and implementation of educational policy. The chapters present different cross-cultural experiences of…

Carter, David S. G., Ed.; O'Neill, Marnie H., Ed.

178

Implementing and Sustaining Educational Reforms: The Case for Little "R"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing importance of schools and learning in the changing patterns of work and society is widely recognized. However, implementing and sustaining educational reforms pose major problems in all countries. This paper briefly: (1) summarizes conceptual trends in implementing educational change, (2) reviews the complexities of educational

Adams, Don

2007-01-01

179

What Governors Need To Know about Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers 24 perspectives from educators, students, advocates, journalists, policymakers, and citizens on education reform and the importance of improving America's schools and school systems. Articles include the following: (1) "What Only a Governor Can Do" (Lamar Alexander); (2) "Governors and the National Education Goals" (Carroll A.…

Higginbotham, Marla, Ed.

180

Special Education Funding Reform: A Review of Impact Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various models for funding special education services have been described in the literature. This paper aims at moving the debate concerning special education funding reform beyond the descriptive level by reviewing studies that investigated the impact of various models for funding special education. Systematic searches were conducted of ERIC and…

Sigafoos, Jeff; Moore, Dennis; Brown, Don; Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.

2010-01-01

181

Negotiating for Change: Women's Movements and Education Reform in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic changes during the past 20 years in Taiwan offer a good example of how gender policy in education is facilitated by a combination of interrelated economic, political and social forces. Taiwan's policy on gender education emerged from the interaction of state, education, academic and non-academic feminist positions in reforms. This…

Lee, Shu-Ching

2011-01-01

182

Problems of Reforming Educational Systems in Post-Communist Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the main problems of educational reform in postcommunist countries by using an interactive model of education and developmental dimensions of society. Suggests that the stalemate in the transformation of ownership and political modernization and ideological conservativism will impede the Europeanization of education in Eastern European…

Pastuovic, Nikola

1993-01-01

183

The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

1991-01-01

184

Jordan Reforms Public Education to Compete in a Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The King of Jordan's vision for education is resulting in innovative projects for the country. King Abdullah II wants Jordan to develop its human resources through public education to equip the workforce with skills for the future. From King Abdullah II's vision, the Education Reform for a Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) project implemented by the…

Erickson, Paul W.

2009-01-01

185

Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

I-ru, Chen Dorothy

2012-01-01

186

Corporate Education Reform and the Rise of State Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The election of Barack Obama appeared to signal a shift in U.S. policy toward the Left, particularly since Obama has been framed as a "socialist," but the education discourse and policy pursued under Obama and voiced by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has shown that education reform remains in the midst of a powerful corporate model. This essay…

Thomas, P. L.

2013-01-01

187

Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

New, William

2012-01-01

188

Reforming Education: The Emerging Systemic Approach. Fourteenth Annual Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, the 14th yearbook of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), provides a review and appraisal of the "educational perestroika" that has occurred over the past decade, both in the United States and in other developed countries. Rather than assessing the outcomes of a decade of educational reform, it examines the present and…

Jacobson, Stephen L.; Berne, Robert

189

Graduate medical education in the era of health care reform.  

PubMed

Medicare is the primary source of funding for graduate medical education (GME) in the United States. The growing deficit, a sluggish economy, and rising health care costs have focused attention on cutting spending, and GME reimbursement from Medicare is being considered among the entitlement programs for spending reduction. At the same time, health care reform will place new demands on residency training. The authors review the history of GME financing, the potential impact of GME spending cuts and health care reform on radiology training, and the new skills residents will need to practice in the era of health reform. As health care financing evolves, so must resident education. PMID:23664964

Ward, Robert C; Mainiero, Martha B

2013-09-01

190

"The Immigration Problem" and European Education Reforms: From the Education of Migrants' Children to Intercultural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the continuities and discontinuities within the European discourse of education reforms and immigrants, starting with the "education of migrants' children" to the promotion of "intercultural education" as a means of integrating the immigrant student. This analysis explores the ways in which a process of abjection is engaged…

Kowalczyk, Jamie

2011-01-01

191

Oversight Hearing on Education Reform and American Business and the Implementation of the Hawkins-Stafford Amendments of 1988. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, United States House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session (November 20, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testimonies, prepared statements, and supplementary materials presented at a hearing on the role of business in educational reform and implications of the Hawkins-Stafford Amendments of 1988 are compiled in this document. Findings from a survey of state Chapter 1 coordinators are provided, as well as information about the American Business…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education.

192

Baltimore City Community College: A Long Way To Go. Two Years Yield Few Meaningful Reforms, Underscore Deep-Seated Challenges Facing Baltimore City Residents' Largest Provider of Post-Secondary Education. The Abell Report. Volume 17 No.2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) represents the only chance for many Baltimore City residents to obtain a post-secondary education, find a job with a career path, and earn a sufficient income to support a family. BCCC is also a critical linchpin in Baltimore's ability to build a competitive workforce. Yet the college, with 7,300 credit…

Abell Foundation, 2004

2004-01-01

193

In Search of a Coherent Policy of Reform: A Longitudinal Examination of Educational Reform in Utah.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the social, cultural, and political context for educational reform in Utah, highlighting Mormon influences, high educational valuation and aspiration, booming public school enrollments, moderate revenue growth, and the state's "minimalist" tax mood. Discusses the character and impact of efficiency, effectiveness, strategic planning, and…

Johnson, Bob L., Jr.

1994-01-01

194

Systemic Education Evaluation: Evaluating the Impact of Systemwide Reform in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reforms in K-12 education have increasingly emphasized the educational system as the unit of change. The theory underlying systemic or systemwide educational reform is that powerful improvements in teaching and learning can come from developing coherence and alignment across the complex and different elements and components of an…

Supovitz, Jonathan A.; Taylor, Brooke Snyder

2005-01-01

195

Reforming education in developing economies of the world: major issues of educational reform in China and Russian Federation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforming education has been a major challenge for the politicians, academicians and business world in many countries as well as many national and international organizations especially in the last two decades of the 20th century. The trends in education have changed since 1980s with globalization, neo-conservative political views, education as a source for human capital for market economy development especially

Gülsün Atanur Baskan; Yücel Erduran

2009-01-01

196

The Most Daring Education Reform of All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As long as there have been public schools, there have been reformers of public schools. All too often, they have insisted on sweeping changes; enamored of their bold, new idea, they haven't considered whether anything established ought to endure. The result? A century of faddish ideas, but little real progress. Among today's most vocal reformers

Senechal, Diana

2010-01-01

197

Can Teachers Become Experts by Way of Teacher Education? A Reform Concept for Studies in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States the need for a close and continuous interrelationship between theory and practice in the reform of teacher education. Describes the guiding notions of a "uni-phasic" reform project which addresses problems of theory-based decision making and implementation in the reform process. (Author/GEA)

Oser, Fritz

1987-01-01

198

A Way Forward: A Progressive Vision for Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress has the opportunity to move forward on education reform by reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, to ensure all children achieve their greatest potential. Unfortunately, it has yet to find the will to do so, to the detriment of American students and schools. ESEA is the largest and most significant federal…

Ayers, Jeremy; Brown, Cynthia

2011-01-01

199

Exploring the Congruence between the Lesotho Junior Secondary Geography Curriculum and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from…

Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di

2013-01-01

200

Essential Partnerships in the Reform of Secondary Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Alice's travel through Wonderland resembles our journeys with reform. We often encounter new experiences. We learn from events. Some tasks are harder to complete than they initially appear. Moreover, we tend to encounter the same lively characters in our reform efforts that Alice encountered in her journey. If we are to engage successfully in reform efforts, we must work effectively with those who are part of our journey. In this chapter, we will address the different aspects of building partnerships to support reform efforts. Our intention is to provide new insights into the importance of collaborative efforts and guidance in facilitating productive partnerships.

Luft, Julie A.

2009-01-01

201

Educational research in Sweden: Reform strategies and research policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educational R & D in Sweden is to a large extent policy-oriented. It has been an integrated part of the Swedish educational reform system and has brought about a dialogue between politicians, administrators and researchers. Several circumstances have contributed to the `Swedish model'. One is the system with government-appointed committees in which researchers often play an active part. Another is that the Swedish educational system is highly centralized, with the National Board of Education (NBE) as the central authority, responsible for primary, secondary and adult education. A third — and a crucial one — is that, since 1962, the NBE has had increasing funds for educational R & D at its disposal. These funds account for the main part of the economic resources for R & D, along with resources allocated to research appointments at research departments of universities. Educational R & D, conducted primarily within the NBE funds, has recently been evaluated by a government-appointed committee. In its evaluations of the impact of educational R & D, the committee distinguished between the effects of R & D and the effect correlates. It concluded that the impact of R & D is more indirect than direct, more long-term than immediate. The effects are also more easily recognized at levels above the actual school situation. This finding could be interpreted as a consequence of the policy-orientation of educational R & D, which at the same time shows the difficulties in reaching the `school level' with research and development results. There are two general trends in Sweden, which will influence both research planning and research use. First, there is a trend towards the decentralization of decision-making and responsibility for the educational system. Secondly, there is a trend towards the `sectionalization' of the R & D system as a whole. This sectionalization will mean that research will to a great extent be planned to meet needs from different parts of society — labour market, social welfare, industrial development, etc. As a consequence, the question of the impact of research will be an even more debated one and will probably lead to the development of `research on research' as an increasingly important research area.

Marklund, Inger

1981-06-01

202

Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes.

Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.

2013-01-01

203

Litigation, School Finance Reform, and Aggregate Educational Spending  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past two decades, litigation in many U.S. stateshas triggered educational reform movements designed to reducethe inequalities in educational expenditures across school districts.This paper uses a panel data set across all the states from 1970–1990to examine the role of litigation and educational finance reformin determining the level of education funding in a flexible,dynamic setting. An important finding of our

Robert L. Manwaring; Steven M. Sheffrin

1997-01-01

204

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

205

Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…

Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

2007-01-01

206

Spotlight of a Century of Educational Reform in England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past 100 years, there has been an evolution in publicly funded education in England. This report provides a historical perspective for recent reforms and spotlights three related areas. The first section describes the early 19th-century Newcastle Commission's efforts to design a system of sound and cheap elementary education for…

Henry, Thomas B.

207

History, Myth, and the Politics of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the politics of education in the United States by considering the ideas and lives of Emma Willard and Catharine Beecher, nineteenth century educational reformers. It argues that understanding these women as American Antigones, as working through the contradictions between their public writing and their private lives, provides a…

Reddick, Robert Nelson

2004-01-01

208

Teacher Education in Bhutan: Highlights and Challenges for Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students…

VanBalkom, W. Duffie; Sherman, Ann

2010-01-01

209

Not Lost in Translation: Reforming Higher Education in Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the latest developments in higher educational policy in the Russian Federation and the influence of international organizations such as the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on these policies and education reforms. This article's primary purpose is to explore how the newly…

Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

2006-01-01

210

Teacher content knowledge in the context of science education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decline of science education in elementary schools has been well documented. While numerous efforts have been made for the purpose of reforming science education, most of those efforts have targeted science programs, assessment techniques, and setting national, state, and local standards, stressing teacher accountability for meeting those standards. However, inadequate science content knowledge of preservice teachers limits their ability

Janice Kay Doby

1997-01-01

211

Decentralization of Educational Development Reforms in Nigeria: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to seek to appraise regional compliance to decentralization laws establishing Education Boards and Committees since the Nigerian Government has for some time now been making efforts aimed at reforming her educational system. Design/methodology/approach: Employing ex post facto design, the study uses survey…

Ikoya, Peter O.

2007-01-01

212

Educational Reform with Television: The El Salvador Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed report describes the planning, development, operation, results, and problems of an experiment in instructional television in El Salvador. Unlike other developing countries, El Salvador conceived of educational television as an integral component of national educational reform, embracing curriculum revision, teacher training, and new…

Mayo, John K.; And Others

213

China's Educational Reform during the Cultural Revolution: A Postmodern Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the educational reforms and drastic curriculum changes occurring in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966-76) in light of postmodern theory. The document examines personal educational experiences in China during that time in light of critical pedagogy and postmodern theories of curriculum development. The paper asserts…

Wan, Guofang

214

Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

Levitt, Roberta

2008-01-01

215

The Bumpy Road to Education Reform. CPRE Policy Briefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reformers have come to recognize that establishing more challenging standards and assessments is not enough to raise student achievement. This brief identifies five challenges that confront educators and policymakers as they develop higher standards and other policies and structures to support improved student and teacher learning. It…

Goertz, Margaret E.; And Others

216

Built for Teachers: How the "Blueprint for Reform" Empowers Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secretary of Education, Anne Duncan, has met with thousands of teachers and heard their fears and concerns. Teachers are asking: Are these reforms the Next Big Thing, here today but gone tomorrow? Will they focus on testing in a way that further narrows the curriculum and denies students the great education that we seek to bring? Could we lose our…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

217

Globalization and Educational Reforms in Anglo-American Democracies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the coincident nature of recent educational reforms (multiculturalism, skills training, curricular redesign, school choice) in Canada and four other Anglophone democracies as related to two forms of globalization: economic globalization and global rationalization and standardization. Concludes that globalization is transforming education

Davies, Scott; Guppy, Neil

1997-01-01

218

Reform and Change in Higher Education: International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine articles presents case studies of educational reform and change in 10 nations, focusing on the changing role of government involvement in higher education. The articles are: (1) "University-State Relations in Britain: Paradigm of Autonomy" (Peter Scott); (2) "Changing Conceptions of State-University Relations: The Israeli…

Mauch, James E., Ed.; Sabloff, Paula L. W., Ed.

219

Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

Conway, Paul F.

2013-01-01

220

Myth, Reality, and Reform: Higher Education Policy in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to make sense of the dynamics in higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean, examining institutions, rules, incentives, and functions. The analysis of the diverse experience of higher education in Latin America is linked to suggestions for policy reform. In particular, the book addresses principal myths that…

Castro, Claudio de Moura; Levy, Daniel C.

221

Parental education and child health: Evidence from a schooling reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the impact of parental education on child health outcomes. To identify the causal effect we explore exogenous variation in parental education induced by a schooling reform in 1947, which raised the minimum school leaving age in the UK. Findings based on data from the National Child Development Study suggest that increasing the school leaving age by 1

Maarten Lindeboom; Ana Llena-Nozal; Bas van der Klaauw

2009-01-01

222

Education Reform When Nations Undergo Radical Political and Social Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the relationship between radical social transformation and educational reform in Algeria, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, Iran, Mozambique, and Nicaragua. Examines seven policy areas before and after transformation: centralized control, access to education, tracking, curriculum, personnel, language of instruction, and literacy. (28 references) (SV)

La Belle, Thomas J.; Ward, Christopher R.

1990-01-01

223

The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the Singapore government advocates a reformist Muslim view of

Charlene Tan

2009-01-01

224

The Politics of Privatisation, Decentralisation and Education Reform in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs\\u000a and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations\\u000a of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has\\u000a been far more continuity than

Carlos Ornelas

225

Doing Good, Doing Science: The Holmes Group Reports and the Rhetorics of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasting rhetorics of the two Holmes Group reports are examples of the polar types of educational rhetoric that have characterized the literature on educational reform in the United States. In "Tomorrow's Teachers," the argument for educational reform rests on technical grounds; the position is that of the educational expert and the reform

Labaree, David F.

226

Teacher Education Reform in Europe: The Case of Norway; Trends and Tensions in a Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on teacher education reforms and related discourses. Internationally, the last decade has been an intensive period of educational reforms and restructuring, particularly regarding teacher education. Even though teacher education in Europe has a high degree of complexity and variations, common trends in the reforms are…

Garm, N.; Karlsen, G.E.

2004-01-01

227

Editorial. Introduction: Global and Local Dimensions of Reforms in Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This editorial introduces a theme issue on teacher-education reforms in the age of globalization, focusing on globalization and the transference of educational ideas and the economic imperative and teacher-education reforms. The editorial describes case studies that provide accounts of teacher-education reforms in Africa, South America, the Far…

Elliott, John

1999-01-01

228

Implementing and Supporting Earth Science Curriculum Reform in Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the National Science Education Standards. The EarthComm (high school) and Investigating Earth Systems (middle school) curriculum programs were developed through funding from the National Science Foundation and corporate sponsors of the AGI Foundation, and published for the 2002-2003 schol year. The AGI is now actively involved in developing and refining systems for supporting the professional development of teachers who implement EarthComm and Investigating Earth Systems. The paper presentation will outline how AGI is supporting teachers through a combination of web-based programs, teacher workshops, and DVD and video materials.

Smith, M. J.

2003-12-01

229

Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

2012-01-01

230

The Evolution of Educational Reform in Thailand: The Thai Educational Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the evolution of educational reform in Thailand. Three major phases are identified. The special focus of the paper is an assessment of the third reform which began with the passage of the Office of the National Education Commission (ONEC) (2002). Design/methodology/approach: The…

Fry, Gerald W.; Bi, Hui

2013-01-01

231

Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: From Past to Present. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters in this volume give an account of the process of modernisation and educational reform in Russia, variously considering the cultural and political dilemmas provoked by democratisation, the structural and policy challenges associated with the reform of higher and vocational education, and the deep divisions exposed as socio-cultural…

Johnson, David, Ed.

2010-01-01

232

Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform based on technical and rational processes often short-circuits reform because it is uncontentious, abstract, and provides educators with no legitimate ways to question the marketplace values and policies that drive much contemporary school reform. The perspective referred to as "betterment" is an alternative reform that stresses…

Oakes, Jeannie; Quartz, Karen Hunter; Ryan, Steve; Lipton, Martin

233

Secondary Education in Bulgaria. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, part of a series entitled "Guide to Secondary Education in Europe," contains a brief description of secondary education in Bulgaria. Chapter 1 offers a general overview of Bulgarian education, including educational policy and innovation, research and development, and information delivery services. The second and third chapters…

Damianova-Ivanova, Antoaneta

234

Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

2012-01-01

235

The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…

Polelo, Mompati Mino

2009-01-01

236

Development of Secondary Education. Trends and Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational boom of the past two decades, prospects for the next 10 years, and the complex of policy issues facing member countries of the OECD are surveyed in this report. Topics discussed include record enrollments, educational efficiency, dropouts and the school-leaving age, new secondary school structures, implications for higher education

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

237

The Library and American Education: Education through Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between elementary and secondary education and the public library throughout the nation's history are reviewed through educational historians' writings. It is noted that libraries, like schools, were not above political, class, religious, and cultural conflicts. (Author/MBR)

Fain, Elaine

1979-01-01

238

International Update: Are the Recent Reforms in Polish Education Making it Harder for Discipline to be Maintained in Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work attempts to determine whether the recent educational reforms in Poland are making it more difficult for discipline to be maintained in schools. It is concluded that the changes have a negative impact upon school discipline because the likelihood of mixed-ability classes in junior secondary institutions is high. The theoretical framework…

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

239

The Early Childhood and Elementary Education Continuum: Constructing an Understanding of P-3 as State-Level Policy Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State-level policy attention to young children's early learning opportunities burgeons; a sense of urgency exists to identify reform agendas that are both effective and sustainable. "P-3" often is used as the term for the first level of a seamless P-20 system that stretches from early childhood through post-secondary education. While it is…

Kauerz, Kristie Anne

2009-01-01

240

The Impact of a Unified Curriculum and Qualifications System: The Higher Still Reform of Post-16 Education in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a cross-national trend towards unified curriculum and qualifications frameworks in upper secondary education, but such reforms face epistemological, political and institutional barriers and "unification" remains a contested issue in many countries, including England. This article examines the experience of the Scottish Higher Still…

Raffe, David; Howieson, Cathy; Tinklin, Teresa

2007-01-01

241

The Change in Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Critical Thinking after 15 Years of Educational Reform in Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. This study investigates how mathematics secondary schools' teachers in \\\\hbox{Jordan} perceive critical thinking and compares teachers' perceptions before and after educational reform. Data were collected from 12 schools twice: in 1988 and in 2004 by interviewing 47 Mathematics teachers. The interview included questions related to teachers' understanding of critical thinking, its role and importance in learning Mathematics, and instructional

Hanan Innabi; Omar El Sheikh

2007-01-01

242

Comprehensive School Reform and Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Educator's Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

2008-01-01

243

A Century of Educational Reform in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three books on education in China: "Educational and Social Change in China: The Beginnings of the Modern Era" (Borthwick, 1983), "Education and Popular Literacy in Ch'ing China" (Rawski, 1979), and "Education under Mao: Class and Competition in Canton Schools, 1960-1980" (Unger, 1982). (JDH)

Davis-Friedmann, Deborah

1986-01-01

244

Reforming Lives? Progressivism, Leadership, and Educational Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses principles and educational change practices that led to educational progressivism in the second half of the twentieth century. Highlights elements of change and action expounded by educators who presented papers at the 2000 History of Education Society Conference (Birmingham, Alabama). (MER)

Martin, Jane; Goodman, Joyce

2001-01-01

245

Synthesis of Findings from 15?years of Educational Reform in Thailand: Lessons on Leading Educational Change in East Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about…

Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.

2013-01-01

246

Institutional Leadership for Educational Reform: The Atlantic Institute of Education. Experiments and Innovations in Education No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history of Canada's Atlantic Institute of Education (AIE) is given, including a description of the social environment that created the need for such an institution. Educational reform programs for teacher education, special education, and counselor education sponsored by AIE are described. The central use of educational research in AIE programs…

Anderson, Gary J.; Lauwerys, Joseph A.

247

Curriculum reform in baccalaureate nursing education: review of the literature.  

PubMed

The debate surrounding the need for reform in nursing education has been heard for well over a decade. Recently, deficiencies in the quality of patient care, as well as patient safety issues, have led to calls for change in health professions education by nursing organizations and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The rationale and scope of any proposed curricular revision or changes in teaching practices must be firmly grounded in a comprehensive review of the literature and based on current research findings. This article synthesizes the recent literature related to curriculum reform and innovation in nursing education. Four themes were identified in the literature: incorporating safety and quality in nursing education, re-designing conceptual frameworks, strategies to address content laden curricula, and teaching using alternative pedagogies. Synthesis of the recent literature in the field will assist faculty who are beginning the curriculum evaluation and revision process in their own schools. PMID:19725808

Forbes, Maryann O; Hickey, Mary T

2009-01-01

248

Bourdieu, Department Chairs and the Reform of Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the insights of the French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, this article considers the role of the science department chair in the reform of school science education. Using Bourdieu's "thinking tools" of "field", "habitus" and "capital", we case study the work of two teachers who both actively pursue the teaching and learning of science as…

Melville, Wayne; Hardy, Ian; Bartley, Anthony

2011-01-01

249

Traversing the educational ladder: Perspectives on science curriculum reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this interpretive study was to unravel some of the complexity of science curriculum reform by tracing the natural history of the initiation of planned change viewed from the perspectives of practitioners and policymakers. The study captures the experiences, beliefs, and perceptions of key stakeholders in one school district in Texas and in the state education agency as

Barbara Ann Salyer

1998-01-01

250

Pioneer Initiatives To Reform Education Support Programs. A Center Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report extrapolates basic implications from work being done by pioneer initiatives to reform education support initiatives. Pioneer initiatives around the United States are demonstrating the need to rethink how schools and communities can meet the challenge of addressing persistent barriers to student learning. This report stresses the need…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health in Schools.

251

A Solution-Focused Strategy for Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that community colleges should play a key role in educational reform, especially as stakeholders in the realignment of K-12 strategies to improve student achievement. Reports on a community college in Detroit that created a solution-focused counseling technique to train parents and community leaders to communicate and advocate for changes…

Lietz, Irene; James, Pamela; Morrow, Addie

2001-01-01

252

Funding Special Education by Capitation: Evidence from State Finance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines responses to state capitation policies for special education finance between 1991-92 and 2003-4. Capitation refers to distributing funds based on the entire student enrollment. We find that disability rates tended to fall following capitation reforms, primarily in subjectively diagnosed categories and in early and late grades.…

Dhuey, Elizabeth; Lipscomb, Stephen

2011-01-01

253

No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

Berkovich, Izhak

2011-01-01

254

Educational Reform and the Transformation of Southern Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to furnish evidence supporting the conclusion that the thrust for the transformation of southern Africa, that region of Africa south of the equator, cannot be initiated without responding to the need for fundamental educational reform. In this study, transformation is defined as basic change in the structure of…

Mungazi, Dickson A.; Walker, L. Kay

255

Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

256

Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is…

Wu, Wu-Tien

2004-01-01

257

balancing the readiness equation in early childhood education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

As policy-makers continue to implement early childhood education reforms that frame the field as a mechanism that is to ready children for elementary school success, questions arise as to how the multiple variables in the readiness equation, such as the child, family, and program, are affected by these policies. The instrumental case study presented in this article looks at this

Christopher P. Brown

2010-01-01

258

Inclusive education reform in Queensland: implications for policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Queensland, Australia, the school system is being reformed to be more ‘inclusive’. However, the enthusiasm for ‘inclusive education’ in Queensland seems to be waning amongst practitioners, and the ‘confusion, frustration, guilt and exhaustion’ that has emerged with teachers and support practitioners in the UK is emerging amongst support practitioners and teachers in Queensland. This paper argues that this is

Patricia E. Bourke

2010-01-01

259

Cooperative Test Construction: The Last Temptation of Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades traditional methods of testing have been criticized for saying relatively little reliably about students' ability as well as causing anxiety, which can negatively affect students' recall of learned information. The reform movement with its innovative approaches focusing on learner-centered education perceives assessment as an…

Sharifi Ashtiani, Nahid; Babaii, Esmat

2007-01-01

260

Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

Datnow, Amanda

2012-01-01

261

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

262

Reformation of the Macedonian Teacher Education Programme, 1999-2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper considers the theme of reform and change during the restructuring of the Macedonian Teacher Education programme at the University of Skopje, undertaken by a Tempus Phare project during 1999-2001. Background: The project was commissioned by the European Union following a report by Bethall (1997), a consultant on Teacher…

Clarkson, Jean

2005-01-01

263

Health Care Reform and Medical Education: Forces toward Generalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health care reforms will dramatically change the culture of medical schools in areas of patient care, research, and education programs. Academic medical centers must construct mutually beneficial partnerships that will position them to take advantage of the opportunities rather than leave them without the diversity of resources needed to make…

O'Neil, Edward H.; Seifer, Sarena D.

1995-01-01

264

The French Educational Administration and Its Relationship to School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current administration of French education is failing in its managerial function, not in the sense that it mediates inefficiently between the teacher and the external situation in the form of the public or political interest, but that its excessive rigidity runs contrary to the spirit of current reform and mitigates against greater freedom in all…

Groarke, D. A.

1974-01-01

265

The "Third Sector" and Education Reform: Some Metaphors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because their resources are inadequate, philanthropic foundations cannot bring about educational reform by themselves. Foundations are best when serving as midwives, parking garages, conversations pits, burning glasses (to focus thought), levers, and lighthouse tenders. The American people are responsible for acting voluntarily to support public…

Cole, Bob

1990-01-01

266

Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

Balch, Stephen H.

2007-01-01

267

Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

2006-01-01

268

Rethinking the World Bank Agenda for Chinese Higher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the way in which the World Bank has worked effectively with China in higher education. It investigates whether or not the cooperation between the two has changed in line with their changing relationship. More specifically, it discusses whether the World Bank's China agenda reflects the reform package of…

Ma, Jinyuan

2014-01-01

269

The Culture of Discourse on Educational Reform in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Where the education of subaltern multicultural student collectives is concerned, the case of contemporary developments in the discourse of reform in Spain is particularly poignant. A critical engagement with that discourse and its greater sociocultural context reveals some of the subtle ways in which cultural alterity comes to be represented. And…

Teasley, Cathryn

2004-01-01

270

America Y2K: The Obsolescence of Educational Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes the passing of the deadline for fulfillment of the national education goals in the United States, the beginning of the year 2000, and indicates that pressures on schools to solve social problems will continue to make school reform a politically opportune and very visible issue. (SLD)

Dorn, Sherman

2000-01-01

271

Continuing Challenges and Potential for Collaborative Approaches to Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ford Foundation began the Collaborating for Education Reform Initiative (CERI) in 1997-1998 by issuing grants and providing grantees with funds, guidance, and technical assistance to develop collaboratives and carry out activities to improve teaching and learning. CERI's collaborative activities were directed at three possible community…

Bodilly, Susan J.; Karam, Rita; Orr, Nate

2011-01-01

272

Korea?s Engineering Education Reform Policy and the Direction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Korean government is setting up an ambitious policy for an engineering innovation program called “engineering education innovation program.” Its primary goal is to resolve quantitative and qualitative imbalance problems in industrial manpower of the country. It is also a policy that aims at progressively reforming engineering education in Korea in cooperation with the Ministries of Education (MOE) and Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE) . The development of specialized centers for engineering education programs by engineering schools, in particular, can help the government provide suitable supports for enhancing industrial competitiveness.

Kim, Cheongsig

273

Educational Reform in California: Beyond Serrano  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California Assembly Bill 65, recently signed into law, provides comprehensive legislation for education policy that, by attacking a myriad of educational problems, may serve as a model bill for other states to follow. (Author/MLF)

Kirst, Michael W.

1978-01-01

274

Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

Evans, Brenda

275

Papers on Educational Reform, Volume IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following nine papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board Meeting, 1974. In "National Assessment of Educational Progress" J. Stanley Ahmann provides an overview of assessment aims, construction, and results. Jacques Barzun discusses the history of educational theory in "The Use of Tradition in Educational Disputes". In…

Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

276

Higher Education Reform in Brazil: Reinforcing Marketization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Brazil began based on institutions organized as isolated establishments, and mostly privately owned. Nonetheless, public institutions created as universities and developing research activities and other services became the desired ideal for higher education. The first educational institutions in Brazil were created in the…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

2009-01-01

277

Education Reforms in Cambodia: Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the key issues and concerns in the Cambodian government's efforts to implement three priority education policies for 2006-2010: ensure equitable access to education; increase quality and efficiency of the education services; and promote institutional development and capacity building for decentralisation. This paper identifies…

Tan, Charlene

2007-01-01

278

Stories of Reform in Science Education: Commentary on Opp(reg)ressive Policies and Tempered Radicals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This response to the two papers (by Rodriguez and Carlone et al.) on science education reform acknowledges first the coherence of the arguments presented around four reform narratives; that of the process of becoming science-enthusiastic, the nature of beliefs of science reform teachers, the barriers to reform, and the institutional expressions of…

Tytler, Russell

2010-01-01

279

Instructors' Perceptions of the Bologna Model of Higher Education Reform in Cameroon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem Statement. The literature on education in Cameroon suggests that there is a deep-rooted history of resistance to educational reform and harmonization both at the K12 and higher education levels. Attempts by political and educational leaders to reform and harmonize the two very distinct systems of education, inherited from former colonizers…

Mngo, Zachary Y.

2011-01-01

280

Modernising Education: New Public Management Reform in the Norwegian Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the end of the 1980s, the Norwegian education system has gone through major reform, influenced largely by new managerialist ideas. Strategies to renew the public sector were promoted as the new public management (NPM). This paper investigates the way ideas connected to NPM reforms have been introduced and interpreted in the Norwegian…

Møller, Jorunn; Skedsmo, Guri

2013-01-01

281

Reform responses : how public management reforms affect managerial relations and loyalties in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between professionals and managers in public domains are the subject of\\u000asharp controversies, especially in domains like education. According to public opinion,\\u000athe rise of Managerialism has fuelled clashes between managers and professionals. In\\u000athe past few years, academic research has mainly studied how management reforms\\u000aaffect professionals and their work. How managers, such as school managers, are\\u000aaffected

M. Noordegraaf; B. C. de Wit

2009-01-01

282

Getting "beyond the barriers" in reforming osteopathic medical education.  

PubMed

As the healthcare needs of the United States change, some leaders at colleges of osteopathic medicine and osteopathic graduate medical education programs have embraced one very important and timeless goal: to prepare future physicians to meet society's health needs. These medical educators have made significant strides toward moving "beyond the barriers" to effect curricular reform and quality improvement at their institutions. Some of the barriers to osteopathic medical education reform are addressed in this article, which recommends allowing curricular evolution and faculty development; expanding clinical learning and teaching; breaking down departmental walls; integrating osteopathic principles and practice; reevaluating admission requirements of colleges of osteopathic medicine; and eradicating the unspoken and, ironically, often detrimental culture of medicine, which can be contrary to compassionate patient care and healing. PMID:17682114

Gimpel, John R

2007-07-01

283

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

284

Coeducational Elective Physical Education Handbook. Secondary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a handbook on coeducational elective physical education for secondary students. It begins by listing and discussing 10 objectives of elective physical education. The next section contains information on organizing the elective program including preparing the schedule, long range planning, registration, record keeping and grading, testing…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

285

Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

286

Parent Education Needs of Secondary Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed parent education needs of secondary students (N=265) as a basis for the development of parent education programs. Data were collected by administering the Parent Information Inventory. Students expressed strongest needs in planning and decision making, parenting and adolescent social development. Significant sex and age differences were…

Mensah, Kathleen Lafortune Yaw; And Others

1983-01-01

287

Career Maturity: A Priority for Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviews the current state of career maturity in secondary education--a period of education which is critical for development of this construct, when students are faced with ongoing academic and occupational decisions over the course of their studies. This paper is organized in three parts: first we focus on the concept, models,…

Gonzalez, Manuel Alvarez

2008-01-01

288

Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

2010-01-01

289

Secondary Vocational Education and the National Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection comprises five papers that were prepared in response to the recent series of national reports criticizing American secondary education. In "A General Overview," Joel H. Magisos uses previous analyses and syntheses of the recommendations contained in the group of national studies to draw implications for vocational education.…

Magisos, Joel H.; And Others

290

The Progress of Education Reform 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fourth annual report by the Education Commission of the States (ECS) examines the status of efforts to improve the public education system. Nine sections provide overviews of major trends in policy and practice: (1) "Standards, Assessment and Accountability" explores the transition over the last decade toward a standards-based system by…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

291

Globalization and Educational Reform: The Challenges Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses three goals that pertain to globalization and its impact on public policy in general and Hispanic higher education in particular. First, the author defines globalization as it relates to education. Then, he considers what globalization suggests with regard to the public good. Finally, four implications are suggested about…

Tierney, William G.

2004-01-01

292

Current Reform in Higher Education in Bahrain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education in Bahrain and background information on this Arab Gulf country are considered. Bahrain, similar to other Gulf States, depended heavily on expatriates as teachers, most of whom were from Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon. Bahraini students have pursued college studies in other countries. Higher education in the country started as separate…

Saif, Philip S.

293

Minority MMR Overrepresentation and Special Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommendations from "Placing Children in Special Education" are reviewed, focusing on: (1) inaccurate interpretation of overrepresentation of minority mildly mentally retarded students, (2) use of prereferral interventions, (3) cross-categorical programing, (4) application of an outcomes criterion, and (5) expansion of regular education options…

Reschly, Daniel J.

1988-01-01

294

Reform of Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 20 years the People's Republic of China has engaged in a significant transformation of its economy and social institutions, including its education system. This article provides a general picture of what changes have taken place in Chinese teacher education at a time of rapid transition from central control to devolved and…

Shi, Xiaoguang; Englert, Peter A. J.

2008-01-01

295

Education Reform in Slovenia and Ukraine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…

Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan

2003-01-01

296

Teacher Education Reform and Subaltern Voices: From Politica to Practica in Bolivia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1994, the National Educational Reform in Bolivia instituted reforms that called for a model of education that held at its center the knowledge and languages of Indigenous people. The types of change called for by the reforms in Bolivia signify major transformations in teacher preparation practices and a concerted emphasis on training in…

Delany-Barmann, Gloria

2010-01-01

297

Spaces of Contest for Religious Education Reform in Comparative Perspectives: Scotland and Malawi as Cases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if…

Matemba, Yonah

2013-01-01

298

China's higher education policy reform in practice: rejuvenating rural development studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ministry of Education is currently implementing an ambitious and wide-ranging policy reform process to respond to rapid changing societal demands. The policy covers the establishment of academic specialties, reform of the mode of student training, strengthening teaching management, strengthening character education in universities, reform in the teaching of English, and adjustment of curricula. Based on our own involvement in

Xiaoyun Li; Xiuli Xu; Gubo Qi; Min Lu; Ronnie Vernooy

2006-01-01

299

Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

2009-01-01

300

Attempts at Reforming Haiti's Education System: The Challenges of Mending the Tapestry, 1979-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

For well over a quarter of a century, Haiti's education system has been at a critical juncture. In 1982, Haiti embarked on a major educational reform, known as La Reforme Bernard. To date, there has been no comprehensive, longitudinal study of the nationwide impact of the Bernard Reform on the social, economic, and political institutions. Why was such a dramatic

Marc E. Prou

2009-01-01

301

A Decade of Education Reform in Thailand: Broken Promise or Impossible Dream?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the perceived gap between the vision of education reform in Thailand embodied in its Education Reform Law of 1999 and the results of implementation a decade later. Drawing upon opportunistic data obtained from a sample of 162 Thai school principals, we analyze trends in reform implementation across schools in all regions and…

Hallinger, Philip; Lee, Moosung

2011-01-01

302

The Arts in Education. The Progress of Education Reform, 2004. Volume 5, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" provides a brief summary of several recent research studies on the role and value of education in the arts, as well as a look at the results of National Assessment of Educational Progress tests in music, visual arts and theater. A growing body of evidence points to the important role of arts…

Weiss, Suzanne

2004-01-01

303

Education-Finance Reform and the Distribution of Education Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1971 and 1996 opponents of local funding for public schools successfully challenged the constitutionality of school-finance systems in sixteen states. Using the variation across states in the timing of these cases the authors investigate the impact of reform on the distribution of school resources. Their results suggest that court-ordered finance reform reduced within-state inequality in spending by 19 to

Sheila E Murray; William N Evans; Robert M Schwab

1998-01-01

304

Assessing the Rationales for Educational Reforms: An Examination of Policy Claims About Professional Development, Comprehensive Reform, and Direct Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation studies seldom examine whether the rationales used to argue for an educational reform actually hold up when empirical evidence is examined after the reform has been implemented. This article examines survey data from 3 years of analyses of early reading interventions to examine three rationales that were used to argue for the program. First, there was evidence to support

Edward P. St. John; Genevieve Manset-Williamson; Choong-Geun Chung; Robert S. Michael

2005-01-01

305

Renovation and Reform in Dominican Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the role of higher education in the Dominican Republic and the need to mesh the mission of the university; the specific needs of its social, economic, and cultural environment; and the characteristics of a rapidly changing world. (EV)

Pimentel, Josefina

2002-01-01

306

Career Guidance in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report was written to provide a systematic review of recent developments in secondary school guidance. This review involves: (1) describing trends in how the field is conceived--the dominant ideas, criticisms, and prescriptions for good guidance practice; and (2) describing exemplary guidance materials, projects, and programs now in use or under…

Willingham, Warren W.; And Others

307

Secondary Health Occupations Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This color coded curriculum guide for secondary health occupations in Iowa provides units for the first phase of the curriculum, career exploration of the health occupations. The nine units cover the following topics: (1) introduction to health occupations; (2) health occupations career exploration; (3) communication skills; (4) self-care and…

Matzen, Shelley; Muhl, V. Jane

308

Health Education: What Can It Look Like after Health Care Reform? 1993 SOPHE Presidential Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In plans for health care reform, the role of health education in reducing risk behaviors associated with leading causes of death must be recognized. Reform offers new opportunities for prevention programs in schools, worksites, and communities. (SK)

Jorgensen, Cynthia M.

1994-01-01

309

Investing in Oklahoma: The Progress of Education Reform. Volumes 1-4, January 1996-January 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four reports describe Oklahoma's education-reform efforts, which were mandated by the Education Reform and Funding Act of 1990. Each of the volumes offers an annual report of the ongoing changes in education. Volume 1 focuses on state-appropriated funds for education and per-pupil expenditures. It looks at school consolidation, greater…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

310

Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective,

Mary Kathryn Kelly

2001-01-01

311

A Kind of Educational Idealism: Integrating Realism and Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

By intent, this essay has several major guiding assumptions. First, it has an autobiographical flavor, that is, it attempts\\u000a to capture an individual’s thoughts and activities from the early days of educational reform in the mid twentieth century.\\u000a “Being around” and “involved” at that time carries its own kind of insight and testimonial. Second, an early case study of\\u000a Kensington,

Louis M. Smith

312

Implementing a reform-oriented pedagogy: challenges for novice secondary mathematics teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1991, 2007) Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics experience many stresses related to their attempts at student-centered instruction; prominent among those were novices' challenges when orchestrating whole-class mathematical discussions with students taking a central, substantive role. During such discussions, students offer conjectures, ideas, and solutions and use mathematical argumentation and verification processes. Such teaching can create uncertainty and stress as teachers occupy a revised teaching role. They avoid evaluating student ideas during class; instead, they ask questions to move students' thinking forward, pose problems that deepen students' mathematical understanding, and choose between competing directions the discussion may take. Ultimately, teachers decide whether to continue pursuing such teaching goals or revert back to more familiar, teacher-centered methods. Supportive networks showed promise at helping novices navigate their first few years of teaching; organized networks helped novices meet their teaching goals while limiting the impact of their challenges on their well-being and teaching goals. The results of this study may inform teacher educators, administrators, and colleagues on how to support novices in pursuing teaching better aligned with novices' teaching ideals and reformer's visions.

Lewis, Gary M.

2014-06-01

313

Implementing a reform-oriented pedagogy: challenges for novice secondary mathematics teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1991, 2007) Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics experience many stresses related to their attempts at student-centered instruction; prominent among those were novices' challenges when orchestrating whole-class mathematical discussions with students taking a central, substantive role. During such discussions, students offer conjectures, ideas, and solutions and use mathematical argumentation and verification processes. Such teaching can create uncertainty and stress as teachers occupy a revised teaching role. They avoid evaluating student ideas during class; instead, they ask questions to move students' thinking forward, pose problems that deepen students' mathematical understanding, and choose between competing directions the discussion may take. Ultimately, teachers decide whether to continue pursuing such teaching goals or revert back to more familiar, teacher-centered methods. Supportive networks showed promise at helping novices navigate their first few years of teaching; organized networks helped novices meet their teaching goals while limiting the impact of their challenges on their well-being and teaching goals. The results of this study may inform teacher educators, administrators, and colleagues on how to support novices in pursuing teaching better aligned with novices' teaching ideals and reformer's visions.

Lewis, Gary M.

2014-01-01

314

HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

PAGE, RAY

315

Education Reform and Content: The Long View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal analysis of early childhood education, such as that in Project Follow Through, shows the superiority of explicit skill instruction for the acquisition of basic reading skills. But these early gains do not eventuate in significant progress in reading achievement in later grades, especially among disadvantaged youth. This is not for…

Hirsch, E. D., Jr.

2005-01-01

316

Market-Based Reforms in Urban Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is for policymakers, advocates, and analysts who understand that the issues surrounding the introduction of more market-based mechanisms into education are complex and who accept the view that evidence is useful in sorting out the issues. It uses the market framework of demand, supply, and market pricing to organize the extensive but…

Ladd, Helen F.

317

Reforming Engineering Education: The CDIO Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CDIO initiative began as a joint endeavour involving four engineering schools in Sweden and the USA. The number of schools joining the project is increasing constantly. CDIO focuses on four activities--curriculum development, teaching and learning, workshops, and assessment projects--with a view to improving engineering education programmes by…

Gaidi, K. E.

2003-01-01

318

Should Parents Get Involved in Educational Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…

Blodget, Alden S.

2012-01-01

319

Virtual Learning: Embracing True Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication, commerce, and social patterns have changed dramatically during the past 25 years, and technology has played a major role in these transformations. Yet, one product of technology that schools have not embraced is virtual learning. For technology to play a substantive role in education, an alternative K-12 model must be established…

Pohl, Robert

2009-01-01

320

Radical Reform of German Higher Education Imminent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predictions are made, based on emerging policy and evidence of trends, about likely changes in the German higher education system including changes in funding sources, scope, and timing; faculty incentives to increase workload; changes in program length and graduates' salary levels; promotion of teaching as an occupation; increased labor market…

Bildung und Wissenschaft, 1992

1992-01-01

321

Vocational and Technical Education Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…

Kilic, Abdurrahman

2006-01-01

322

School Choice in Chile: Two Decades of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the decentralization and privatization of schools in Chile. It analyzes whether the introduction of market mechanisms in the supply of, and demand for, schools enhances educational performance. The text discusses the microeconomic assumptions underlying the proposition that elementary and secondary education could function as a…

Gauri, Varun

323

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Health and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

324

National Issues in Education: Elementary and Secondary Education Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this book examine the prominent elements of the Improving America's Schools Act, including the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). They describe how the large federal aid-to-education programs were brought into accord with the new agreement contained in Goals 2000. The book begins with a preface by…

Jennings, John F., Ed.

325

Pedagogical reforms of digital signal processing education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the engineering discipline is arguably predicated heavily upon appealing to the future generation, in all its sensibilities. The greatest burden in doing so, one might rightly believe, lies on the shoulders of the educators. In examining the causal means by which the profession arrived at such a state, one finds that the technical revolution, precipitated by global war, had, as its catalyst, institutions as expansive as the government itself to satisfy the demand for engineers, who, as a result of such an existential crisis, were taught predominantly theoretical underpinnings to address a finite purpose. By contrast, the modern engineer, having expanded upon this vision and adapted to an evolving society, is increasingly placed in the proverbial role of the worker who must don many hats: not solely a scientist, yet often an artist; not a businessperson alone, but neither financially naive; not always a representative, though frequently a collaborator. Inasmuch as change then serves as the only constancy in a global climate, therefore, the educational system - if it is to mimic the demands of the industry - is left with an inherent need for perpetual revitalization to remain relevant. This work aims to serve that end. Motivated by existing research in engineering education, an epistemological challenge is molded into the framework of the electrical engineer with emphasis on digital signal processing. In particular, it is investigated whether students are better served by a learning paradigm that tolerates and, when feasible, encourages error via a medium free of traditional adjudication. Through the creation of learning modules using the Adobe Captivate environment, a wide range of fundamental knowledge in signal processing is challenged within the confines of existing undergraduate courses. It is found that such an approach not only conforms to the research agenda outlined for the engineering educator, but also reflects an often neglected reality: that the student who is free to be creative, free to err, and free to self-correct is emblematic of the profession -- past, present, and future -- to which he or she unwittingly aspires.

Christensen, Michael

326

Education Policy Studies: Business Involvement in Ohio's Education Reform. In Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The business community is becoming recognized as an important partner in educational reform. Although more traditional adopt-a-school programs and career-day activities remain popular, the growing national concern over education and its perceived economic impact have compelled businesses to become agents of change. Business-led organizations such…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

327

Special Edition: Implementing the New Education Reform Law. CEO Education Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "CEO Education Update" describes the Business Roundtable's long-term campaign for better schools. It suggests steps that business leaders can take to build support for the No Child Left Behind Act. It also suggests ways for business leaders to focus efforts where they can have the greatest impact in driving education reform from the…

Business Roundtable, 2002

2002-01-01

328

Curriculum, Technology, and Education Reform (CTER) Online: Evaluation of an Online Master of Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a Master of Education program at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign called Curriculum, Technology, and Education Reform OnLine (CTER) that is aimed at K-12 teachers. The evaluation based on program stakeholders includes interface design; instructional design; faculty satisfaction; student attitudes; economic viability;…

Levin, Sandra R.; Levin, James A.; Guell, James G.; Waddoups, Gregory L.

2002-01-01

329

Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The…

Johnson, Carla C.

2013-01-01

330

Technology in Education. The Progress of Education Reform, 2006. Volume 6, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For policymakers, educators and others interested in learning more about the one-to-one computing movement, this issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" spotlights three particularly useful resources: (1) a detailed review of the challenges faced by states and districts implementing laptop programs, and of lessons learned to date in five…

Weiss, Suzanne

2006-01-01

331

The New Faces of Europe. Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph, published as part of the project "A Secondary Education for Europe," offers some basic data on the contemporary human geography of the European continent, with a focus on central and eastern Europe. The document first describes civic issues in the teaching of geography and cartography of the new Europe. The basic pedagogical intent…

Foucher, Michel

332

Nuclear Arms Education in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference-based report is designed to help secondary school educators with the difficult and important task of deciding how and what to teach about nuclear arms and national security. The booklet intends to build a rationale and to develop a context or framework to assist in selecting approaches, teaching strategies, and appropriate materials…

Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

333

Screening Points in Secondary Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was made by Texas Technological College of secondary school teacher education programs in the United States to determine the various checkpoints and screening procedures of teacher candidates enrolled in those programs. A 13-item questionnaire designed to elicit these data was responded to by 43 institutions in 32 states, and responses…

Boze, Nancy S.; Day, Weldon E.

334

Secondary Art Education: An Anthology of Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this anthology, 18 authors address art education and classroom issues of concern to the middle and high school level teacher. The volume includes: (1) "The Discipline of Art" (Harlan Hoffa); (2) "Art Criticism and Social Integration of the Disciplines of Art" (Tom Anderson); (3) "The Period of Transescence and Its Relevance for the Secondary

Little, Bruce E., Ed.

335

Resource Guide for Secondary Migrant Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography assists migrant educators and service providers in identifying appropriate research studies, model programs, age-appropriate materials, and other resources in developing secondary-level programs for migrant youths. The bibliography contains over 100 entries consisting of author, title, source, date of publication, annotation, and…

BOCES Geneseo Migrant Center, Geneseo, NY.

336

Why Conventional Education Reform Fails: The Case for Market-Based Restructuring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional efforts to reform education have not succeeded because the education system has resisted major change. Achieving meaningful reform will require educational restructuring, and this restructuring will have to be based on competition, which is a basic fact of every other profession. For this reason, many states are moving to adopt…

Morrison, Linda

337

Models and Prospects for Bringing Technology-Supported Education Reform to Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, two of the major forces pushing for educational change have been the education reform movement and the increased capabilities of affordable computer and network technology. When an SRI research team conducted case studies of nine schools implementing technology as part of a comprehensive education reform effort, they concluded that technology can support fundamental changes in classrooms

Barbara Means

338

Implementation of the K-12 Education Reform in Qatar's Schools. Monograph  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership of Qatar is greatly invested in its K-12 education reform, "Education for a New Era," because it views education as the key to the nation's economic and social progress. This study, one of a number of RAND studies that trace and document the reform process in Qatar, was designed to assess progress made in the first years of the K-12…

Zellman, Gail L.; Ryan Gery W.; Karam, Rita; Constant, Louay; Salem, Hanine; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Orr, Nate; Goldman, Charles A.; Al-Thani, Hessa; Al-Obaidli, Kholode

2009-01-01

339

Efficiency in Public Higher Education: Administrative Reform and Redundancy. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the state of Oregon's efforts at administrative reform in public higher education. The early stages of implementation of the Higher Education Administrative Efficiency Act initiated by Oregon during the 1995 session were analyzed. Four factors were found to be primarily responsible for the need to reform public higher education

Arnold, James C.; And Others

340

Assessment and Educational Reform: Doing More than Polishing Brass on the Titanic, a Call for Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration of evaluation strategies for systemic educational reform considers whether there is a way to design an assessment and delivery system that can accomplish the goals of the total educational process. A basic question that must be addressed in systemic reform is the role of education in the socialization processes of society. Beyond…

Jackman, Andrew

341

The Process of Educational Reform in Spain: Where Is Don Quixote?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes educational reform efforts in Spain since 1970, when a new General Law for Education was adopted. The reform process now suffers from delays in developing new courses and teaching cycles. The country's economic crisis is creating a decline in funding for new programs, while the education ministry insists on working to improve teaching…

Llamas, Jose Manuel Coronel

1994-01-01

342

A Social Reminder: What the Public Want from the Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Education Commission (EC) of Hong Kong, the advisory body set up by the government on the overall development of education in Hong Kong, began developing a policy of education reform in 1998 and published its blueprint in 2000. In 2006, the EC published its fourth official report on the progress of the reform--"Progress Report on…

Wong, Kai Shung

2010-01-01

343

Major Reforms of the Swedish Education System: 1950-1975. Staff Working Paper No. 290.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop a mass education structure that met the goals of both equality and efficiency, Sweden carried out extensive educational reforms between 1950 and 1975, starting at lower educational levels and moving in gradual staqes to the highest levels. This report looks at the background, nature, and history of these reforms. Its chapter on the…

Heidenheimer, Arnold J.

344

Students' Approaches to Learning when Entering Higher Education: Differences between Students with Senior General Secondary and Senior Secondary Educational Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, more students have entered Dutch higher education. This is a consequence of the possibility to offer students to enter higher education, with a certificate from senior secondary education (SSVE). In earlier days most students in higher education had passed senior general secondary education (SGSE), or even pre-university education. It is…

Van Bragt, Cyrille A. C.; Bakx, Anouke W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, Johan M. M.; Croon, Marcel A.

2007-01-01

345

Systemic Reform in the Professionalism of Educators. Volume I: Findings and Conclusions. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A deeper understanding of the adult-learning process has produced a substantial consensus about the critical attributes that constitute effective professional-development practices. This volume presents findings of a study that examined the design, implementation, and impact of systemic reform efforts to in-depth case studies of three…

Swanson, Judy

346

The Importance of Partnerships in Science Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this chapter, the authors make the case for the importance of partnerships for science education reform. Building and nurturing appropriate partners for tasks large and small helps to overcome formidable barriers. Good partnerships can shorten the time from planning to implementation and help ensure that reforms are sustained long enough to have the anticipated impact. But partnerships are complex and fragile. To create and sustain them requires expending valuable resources--time, energy, and money--careful planning, and continuous evaluation, feedback, and nurturing (Kingsley and O'Neil 2004). To illustrate their main points, the authors will use the National Science Foundation- (NSF) funded Mathematics and Science Partnership (MSP) program that they direct as a source of examples.

Landel, Carolyn C.; Nelson, George D.

2006-01-01

347

Is There Any Change in Science Educational Reforms? A Sociological Study of Theories of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the model of the theory of instruction emphasized in the 1991 reform in Portugal at the level of science education, comparing it to the 1975 reform by analyzing the syllabi of the reform initiatives in Years 5/6 and 7 in order to discover possible changes in the teacher-student relation. (CMK)

Morais, Ana M.; Neves, Isabel P.; Fontinhas, Fernanda

1999-01-01

348

Life Cycle and Legacy of the Educational Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines implementation of educational reforms in the Latin American-Caribbean region during the 1990s, based on national case studies (Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Jamaica, and Paraguay), descriptions of nationally supported projects, and discussions with reformers and researchers. Despite similarities in reforms' origins and components, each…

Alvarez, Benjamin

1998-01-01

349

A Nation Reformed? American Education Twenty Years after "A Nation at Risk."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers takes stock of 20 years of school reform in the United States, examining whether the nation was ever "at risk," and if so, whether it still is and which reforms have made a difference. Papers include "Introduction" (David T. Gordon); (1) "Riding Waves, Trading Horses: The Twenty-Year Effort to Reform Education" (Susan H.…

Gordon, David T., Ed.

350

A Decade of Change: Public Education Reform in Texas 1981-1992. Special Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1981, Texas embarked on a 10-year period of educational reform. This report presents findings of a policy research project that documented and analyzed these reforms to serve as a guide for future policy developments. Following the introduction, chapter 2, entitled "Student Reforms," addresses issues of curriculum, assessment and dropout…

Clark, Catherine; And Others

351

Alternative Technologies for Large Scale Science Assessment: Instrument of Education Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational reform in the United States has been stymied, in part, by the mismatch between curricular reform (with its emphasis on problem solving and process) and traditional accountability systems (with multiple?choice tests, largely of factual recall). If teachers teach to the test, and they do, curricular reform is blunted. The purpose of this study was to create and evaluate alternative

Richard J. Shavelson; Gail P. Baxter; Jerome Pine; Jennifer Yuré; Susan R. Goldman; Bill Smith

1991-01-01

352

Improving Student Achievement in Science... The NSRC Blueprint: Science Education Reform for School Districts and States...  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systemic reform requires leaders with technical knowledge of the five essential components of science education reform, as well as access to products and services that can be used to move leaders through the various stages of reform. During the past two decades, the National Science Resources Center (NSRC) has developed differentiated products and…

National Science Resources Center, 2006

2006-01-01

353

Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training. NBER Working Paper No. 16659  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results indicate that welfare reform reduced enrollment in…

Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

2011-01-01

354

Fairness in Education: The Italian University before and after the Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001 the Italian tertiary education system embarked in a broad process of reform. The main novelty brought by the reform was a reduction of the length of study to get a first level degree together with the introduction of a two-years, second level, master degree. This paper aims at studying the effects of the reform in terms of fairness. To…

Brunori, Paolo; Peragine, Vito; Serlenga, Laura

2012-01-01

355

Educational Management and the Crisis of Reform in Further Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of government intervention and external change on the structure and governance of further education colleges, and the restructuring of vocational education, provide the context for this paper. It explores the way in which markets, outputs, finance and managerialism find their expression in tensions between lecturers and managers In further education. Drawing upon an in?depth case study, policy initiatives

Geoffrey Elliott

1996-01-01

356

Understanding State School Funding: The First Step toward Quality Reforms. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 13, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quote, taken from a piece written by the Education Commission of the States (ECS) nearly 30 years ago, demonstrates that researchers have long recognized the relationship between quality education reform and the structure of a state's school funding system. However, many policymakers continue to view their state's school funding formula not…

Griffith, Michael

2012-01-01

357

Secondary Education in Albania. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes general conditions and problems affecting secondary education in Albania. Section 1 highlights the political, socioeconomic, and educational context of the country. Since World War II, Albania has experienced an increase in the number of students that was not matched by qualitative improvement necessary in a democractic…

Pango, Ylli

358

Reshaping Education in the 1990s: Perspectives on Secondary Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1988 Education Reform Act precipitated major educational change in the United Kingdom. This book is a compilation of papers originally presented at the 1994 Centre for Educational Development Appraisal and Research (CEDAR) conference at the University of Warwick (England). The papers focus on changes that have occurred and are occurring in the…

Pole, Christopher J., Ed.; Chawla-Duggan, Rita, Ed.

359

Funding Comprehensive School Reform. Rand Issue Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive school reform is a type of reform process directed at primary and secondary education that relies on the simultaneous change of all elements of a school's operating environment aligned with a central, guiding vision. This new approach was developed in response to the growing dissatisfaction with the traditional piecemeal reform,…

Keltner, Brent R.

360

Current Trends in Austrian Higher Education: The Call for a New Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Follows recent trends in Austrian higher education which have brought about significant reforms. Trends include emphasis on teaching instead of research and easier access to institutions of higher education. Journal availability: see SO 507 243. (Author/DB)

Leitner, Erich

1979-01-01

361

Montessori Education and Its Relevance to Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the general principles of the philosophy of Montessori education. The basis of Montessori education is a student-centered learning environment--one that includes provision for an inquisitive, cooperative, safe, and nurturing atmosphere for learning. Students' psychosocial needs must be addressed before their cognitive needs,…

Coe, Elisabeth Johnston

362

Globalization and Educational Reform in German Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For almost 200 years German teacher education has remained relatively stable in its core characteristics. In this paper, the present process of fundamental change is analyzed with regard to consequences for the structure of teacher education, accountability mechanisms, and the concepts of the ideal teacher. The implementation of Bachelor and…

Blomeke, Sigrid

2006-01-01

363

Globalisation and science education: Rethinking science education reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like Lemke (J Res Sci Teach 38:296-316, 2001), I believe that science education has not looked enough at the impact of the changing theoretical and global landscape by which it is produced and shaped. Lemke makes a sound argument for science education to look beyond its own discourses toward those like cultural studies and politics, and to which I would

Lyn Carter

2005-01-01

364

Globalisation and Science Education: Rethinking Science Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like Lemke ("J Res Sci Teach" 38:296-316, 2001), I believe that science education has not looked enough at the impact of the changing theoretical and global landscape by which it is produced and shaped. Lemke makes a sound argument for science education to look beyond its own discourses toward those like cultural studies and politics, and to which…

Carter, Lyn

2005-01-01

365

Globalisation and science education: Rethinking science education reforms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Like Lemke (J Res Sci Teach 38:296-316, 2001), I believe that science education has not looked enough at the impact of the changing theoretical and global landscape by which it is produced and shaped. Lemke makes a sound argument for science education to look beyond its own discourses toward those like cultural studies and politics, and to which I would add globalisation theory and relevant educational studies. Hence, in this study I draw together a range of investigations to argue that globalisation is indeed implicated in the discourses of science education, even if it remains underacknowledged and undertheorized. Establishing this relationship is important because it provides different frames of reference from which to investigate many of science education's current concerns, including those new forces that now have a direct impact on science classrooms. For example, one important question to investigate is the degree to which current science education improvement discourses are the consequences of quality research into science teaching and learning, or represent national and local responses to global economic restructuring and the imperatives of the supranational institutions that are largely beyond the control of science education. Developing globalisation as a theoretical construct to help formulate new questions and methods to examine these questions can provide science education with opportunities to expand the conceptual and analytical frameworks of much of its present and future scholarship.

Carter, Lyn

2005-05-01

366

From Formulation to Realisation: The Process of Swedish Reform in Advanced Vocational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to consider the complexities of planning and implementation of a reform in the Swedish system of higher vocational education and training (VET). The study object of this article is the Swedish reform with advanced vocational education (AVE). The two main questions the study aims to address are: "What are the main driving…

Lindell, Mats

2006-01-01

367

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical Small Schools: Beyond Privatization in New York City Urban Educational Reform features the most current empirical research about the successes and challenges of the small schools movement and the implications of such for urban public educational policy. Situated in a climate of hierarchical reform, many of the principles of the original…

Hantzopoulos, Maria, Ed.; Tyner-Mullings, Alia R., Ed.

2012-01-01

368

Reforms with Results: What Oklahoma Can Learn from Florida's K-12 Education Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florida lawmakers began a comprehensive education reform effort in 1999 combining accountability, transparency, and parental choice with other far-reaching changes. In March 2010, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) released new results showing just how successful Florida's reforms have been and how futile Oklahoma's efforts…

Ladner, Matthew

2010-01-01

369

Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much vaunted…

Little, Angela W.

2011-01-01

370

Intersections between School Reform, the Arts, and Special Education: The Children Left Behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arts education and special education within public schools have faced similar challenges in the wake of school reform. Services and programming have been reduced, leaving a larger gap in resources and accessibility. Because of loopholes in policy, new reform initiatives such as vouchers and charter schools will continue to marginalize students…

Hourigan, Ryan M.

2014-01-01

371

A Look at the Educational Reform by School Constituencies: The Togolese Case.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the independence era of the 1960's, development of education in Africa has gone from euphoria to crisis and then to reform. The questioning of schooling that took place in Togo resulted in an educational reform and drastic changes in schools. Ten years later, it was deemed necessary to assess the effectiveness of the new system by looking…

Kogoe, Akrima

372

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

373

Current Trends in Austrian Higher Education: The Call for a New Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Austrian higher education is described with specific reference to the organization and study reforms that Austrian universities have undergone. The increasing number of Austrian students may require continuing reform of the higher education system and the future outlook is discussed. (BH)

Leitner, Erich

1979-01-01

374

An Academic Counter-Revolution: The Roots of the Current Movement To Reform Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An explanation of the roots of the current movement to reform undergraduate education is presented. It is suggested that the reform movement is a reaction against the dominance of the research university. Several reports about the state of undergraduate education are cited, including "Involvement in Learning,""To Reclaim a Legacy," and "Integrity…

Gamson, Zelda F.

375

Ideology and Reform in Teacher Education in England: Some Reflections on Cochran-Smith and Fries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an international perspective on Cochran-Smith and Fries’ (2001) recent analysis of the ways in which two competing ideologies are currently being employed in the United States in support of teacher education reform. In England over the last 15 years, teacher education has been fundamentally reformed and the arguments of both the “deregulators” and the “professionalizers” have been

John Furlong

2002-01-01

376

Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 2: A Guide to Leadership, Teacher Education, and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second volume, the follow-on to "Teaching Music in the Urban Classroom, Volume 1: A Guide to Survival, Success, and Reform," extends the conversation to include educational leadership, teacher education, partnerships, and school reform. As with Volume 1, classroom music teachers, inner city arts administrators, well-known academics, and…

Frierson-Campbell, Carol, Ed.

2006-01-01

377

The Community College's Role in P-16 Education Reform. In Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least 20 years, America has been engaged in the process of school reform, the most recent of which is the P-16 education reform movement. However, the phenomenon of two- and four-year colleges working closely with schools is clearly not new. A divide has developed between the educational levels, resulting in a lack of collaboration among…

Rasch, Erika

2004-01-01

378

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

379

Student Poverty, School Accountability, and Postsecondary Enrollment: A Challenge for Educational Reform in Kentucky  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Kentucky Educational Reform Act of 1990 promised improved academic performance by public schools and greater equity in educational outcomes. The present study relates postsecondary enrollment to school accountability-testing and student poverty. It concludes that nearly a decade after reform began, high schools with large numbers of poor students send a smaller proportion of their graduates to college than do

Derek V. Price; Edward B. Reeves

2003-01-01

380

Twentieth-Century American Education Reform in the Global Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As detailed in the articles throughout this issue, the U.S. education system experienced a number of structural developments throughout the 20th century. These changes served to shift the landscape of decision-making authority in multiple areas of primary and secondary schooling. This article provides an international perspective on the changes…

DeBoer, Jennifer

2012-01-01

381

Updating Content in Secondary Business Education. National Business Education Association Yearbook, No. 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook, consisting of 18 papers, deals with updating the content of secondary business education programs. The focus of the articles is on trends affecting secondary business education curricula, determining curriculum needs in secondary business education, implementing content changes, and changing secondary business education content to…

Newman, Charles A., Ed.; Caton, Joyce J., Ed.

382

Academic Oligarchy and Higher Education Research. Implications for the Reform of Institutions of Higher Education in Austria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the higher education reform discussion in Austria which led to major system reorganization in 1993. It is noted that a previous academic oligarchy played a central role because a high proportion of university faculty also served in the parliament. Research on higher education played little part in reform because few studies were…

Leitner, Erich

1999-01-01

383

Additional Secondary Certification in Aerospace Education for Kansas Educators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Additional secondary certification in aerospace education has been available at Wichita State University for a number of years. The past ten years have seen little, if any, interest in the program. This is probably due to the decline experienced in the lo...

B. D. Bowen R. Kuhns

1991-01-01

384

Roadblocks to Educational Reform: Investigating Knowledge and Practice of Hong Kong Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education in Hong Kong is in a transition time. The Hong Kong government's Education Commission is urging the field of early childhood education to engage in a substantial paradigm shift in order to achieve the goals of educational reform (Education Commission, 1999a). Informed by recent overseas research, government directives…

Ling, Li Yuen

2003-01-01

385

When Adopting a School Is Not Enough: Business Leadership in Reforming Public Education. Cresap Insight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses the desirability of creating a synergistic business/education relationship. The most pressing problems of urban education and education reform are not conceptual or analytic, but managerial. Dysfunctional public education will affect business in the future because the products of the education system will enter the work…

Smoley, Eugene, Jr.

386

Pay, Professionalism, and Politics: Reforming Teachers, Reforming Education. Australian Education Review No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1980s a new concept entered the educational lexicon in Australia--"award restructuring," or paid training leave for teachers. However, by 1993 the term had disappeared from public view. What began as a new politics of work developed into a complex debate about governance and leadership in Australian education. This book documents both…

Seddon, Terri, Ed.

387

A case study of primary teachers' personal theories and understandings of standards-based science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was: (1) to contribute to current understandings of teachers' perspectives of standards-based science education reform, and (2) to describe and document the relationships between the personal theories about science teaching and learning held by three "unique" experienced primary teachers and the teachers' understandings of a state-level standards-based vision of school science. These teachers were unique because they had been members of a two year-long district-level standards-based science curriculum reform initiative. This study was framed by the conception of personal theories as a representation of teacher beliefs. This qualitative case study extended from the summer of 1996 through the spring of 1998. Methods of data collection were: interviewing and informal conversations, participant observation, video and audio taping, generation of field notes, and examination of documents and artifacts. Data analysis involved constant comparison of data, generation of categories, description of properties of and relationships between categories, and theorizing about the data. The results of this qualitative case study revealed that, overall, direct involvement in the science curriculum reform effort was a positive and meaningful professional development experience providing opportunities for personal and professional growth. For two of the teachers, the experience signified a turning point in the history of their personal theories about science teaching and learning. Although the reform effort was philosophically grounded in a state-level standards-based vision of school science, implementing the new hands-on science program, adopted as a dimension of the work of the reform effort, was in the forefront of teachers' thoughts. A standards vision played a secondary role as a referrent for thinking about the teaching of science. The findings suggest that teachers' personal theories could act as mediating forces in teachers' endeavors to understand contemporary science education reform. Generally, the teachers felt that a standards vision complimented their personal theories. They agreed with reform ideas like coherent K-12 curriculum development based on a depth over breadth approach, emphasis of science as both a knowledge base and as inquiry, the teacher role as facilitator, and learners' active engagement in learning. The teachers also noted challenges for the future of standards-based science education reform, including: commitment by local and state authorities to systemic reform for a hands-on/minds-on science program, the practical feasibility of some reform ideas, and multiple interpretations of standards language.

Wieseman, Katherine Claire

1998-08-01

388

Educational Turbulence: The Influence of Macro and Micro-Policy on Science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enactment of federal educational policy has direct implications for states and local school districts across the nation, particularly in the areas of accountability and funding. This study utilized constructivist grounded theory to examine the impact of policy on science education reform in a large, urban school district over a 5-year period. The existence and interaction between macro and micro, and explicit and implicit policies created educational turbulence. Findings further extend upon Fullan's (Change theory: a force for school improvement, 2006) change theory adding high-stakes accountability as a prevalent distractor issue and the need for quad-level, rather than tri-level engagement in reform. Suggestions for addressing educational turbulence are provided.

Johnson, Carla C.

2013-06-01

389

Neoliberalism as Nihilism? A Commentary on Educational Accountability, Teacher Education, and School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses neoliberalism as an extension of settler colonialism. The article provides commentary on five recent articles on teacher education and the neoliberal agenda. The article presents an analysis of neoliberalism as despair, and as a form of nihilism. The author discusses an indigenous model of school reform and…

Tuck, Eve

2013-01-01

390

Educational Reform and Educational Research in Central-Eastern Europe: The Case of Romania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes difficulties in educational reform faced by countries in transition, those post-communist countries from Eastern and Central Europe that have been changing their social, economic, and political systems since 1989. Romania is the case study used for this example and is viewed in terms of four stages: (1) deconstruction, an…

Birzea, Cesar

391

Multi?cultural education in the ‘white highlands’ after the 1988 Education Reform Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Education Reform Act has provided a new backcloth for multi?cultural initiatives everywhere. The tenuous progress already made outside the areas of ethnic minority concentration could be threatened with extinction. Hopefully local politicians and school governors will give the issue their positive consideration, but issues of equity and equality are of national importance although outside the national curriculum. If sleeping

W. H. Taylor

1990-01-01

392

Professional Networks for Educational Change: An Evaluation of the Mathematician and Education Reform Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains findings of a year-long evaluation of the Mathematics and Education Reform (MER) Forum, a voluntary association targeting the academic mathematics community in four-year colleges and universities. Specifically, the evaluation sought to assess the extent to which MER influenced its members' involvement in…

Haug, Carolyn A.; Marion, Scott F.

393

The Use and Misuse of Metaphor in Education and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that the use of metaphors to organize and frame questions concerning the teaching/learning process can be an effective tool. More problematic, however, has been the use of metaphor in framing policy questions, especially those metaphors employed to frame national education reform ideas. This article explores several research…

McCandless, Bart

2012-01-01

394

Environmental Education in a "Reforming" Education World: Tools for Staying Relevant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consistent with current reform efforts, a new teacher guide identifies core concepts and skills shared by environmental education and traditional disciplines. Guidelines and performance measures are suggested for grades 4, 8 and 12 that use the environment as an integrating theme across disciplines. Other publications give guidelines for producing…

Archie, Michele; Simmons, Bora

2000-01-01

395

Secondary Special Education in British Columbia: An Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a history of secondary special education programs in British Columbia, Canada, beginning with the appointment of the Royal Commission on Education in 1958 and focusing on occupational and vocational education. (DLS)

Csapo, Marg

1977-01-01

396

Engaging County Educators in Science Education Reform: The New York 4-H Environmental Inquiry Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2000, the Cornell University Department of Natural Resources embarked on a new program, 4-H Environmental Inquiry (4-H EI). The goal of the program was to build the capacity of Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) educators to play a key role in science education reform in their communities, through providing opportunities for youth to engage in authentic, open-ended research. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe youth research programs implemented by the county educators, and document some of the issues that arise when county Extension educators engage youth in research, using the Cornell program as a model.

397

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

398

Policy Review of the Primary and Junior Secondary Education Sub-Sectors in East Java. Educational Policy and Planning Project. A Government of Indonesia-USAID Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indonesian representatives and the Educational Research and Development Center studied East Javanese primary and junior secondary schools to develop a database for future planning and to identify deficiencies, constraints, and areas for fruitful reform. Issues of enrollment, personnel, curriculum, facilities and equipment, cost, and financing were…

Soebagio, Retno L.; And Others

399

Educational Reform, Career Education, and the Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay describes Cashmere Middle School (Washington) as a positive and successful education model. The school's goals are set at an annual community meeting. Innovative school programs are outlined in the essay, and positive results in the form of academic goals, improved behavior, and student expectations are noted. (JB)

Griffith, Bernadette

1984-01-01

400

A reaction to educational reform: Implications for educational psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issue is taken with Benton and Hoyt's (1990) study of three groups as to their agreement or disagreement with the Holmes Group report Tomorrow's Teachers (1986), and the Carnegie Forum on Education and the Economy's Report, A Nation Prepared: Teachers for the 21st Century (1986). The three groups studied were volunteer respondents from the initial Holmes Group, Division 15 of

James O. Schnur

1990-01-01

401

Reduction of radioactive secondary waste with steam reforming in treatment of waste TBP/dodecane  

SciTech Connect

Waste tributyl phosphate (TBP) and normal dodecane generated from R and D activities on recycle of nuclear fuel has been stored in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). If it is incinerated, a large quantity of contaminated phosphorous compounds will be generated as radioactive secondary wastes. The objective of this study is to reduce the generation of the radioactive secondary wastes by the treatment of the waste TBP/dodecane using steam reforming system. We constructed the demonstration scale steam reforming system which consists of a gasification chamber for vaporization of wastes, a metal mesh filter for removal of radioactive nuclides from gasified wastes, a combustion chamber, and scrubbers for removal of phosphorous oxides. We conducted process demonstration tests using waste TBP/dodecane with 0.07 g/L of uranium. We studied the temperature dependence of the gasification ratio of inorganic phosphorus compounds formed by pyrolysis of TBP in the gasification chamber and removal of uranium by the filter. As the results, more than 90% of phosphorus compounds were gasified from the gasification chamber at temperature of 600 deg. C or more, and the uranium concentration in the waste water generated from the off-gas treatment system is under the detection limits. The waste water containing the separated phosphorus compounds can be discharged into the river or the sea as the liquid wastes in which uranium concentration is under the regulatory level. These results show the steam reforming system is effective in the reduction of radioactive secondary waste in the treatment of TBP/dodecane. (authors)

Sone, Tomoyuki; Sasaki, Toshiki; Yamaguchi, Hiromi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (Japan)

2007-07-01

402

Linkages between Secondary and Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training in China and Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the major features of the vocational educational and training (VET) sectors in China and Australia, particularly the linkages between lower and higher VET that occur within secondary and postsecondary education in Australia and, in China, within junior secondary schools, senior secondary schools, and higher institutions of…

Misko, Josie; Yufeng, Liu; He, Ouyang; Li, Jiang; Phan, Oanh

403

Working towards Reform in Mathematics Education: Parents', Teachers', and Students' Views of "Different." Working Paper No. 31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is a reflection on several aspects related to my encounters with the concept of reform in mathematics education. I start with an exploration of the question of what is reform, grounded on my work with teachers in a project aimed at promoting reform. I focus on two aspects that seem to be present in most approaches to reform--group…

Civil, Marta

2006-01-01

404

Adequately Responding to "Reform" and "Anti-Reform" Pressures in the Romanian Higher Education System under the Bologna Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the policy umbrella of the Bologna Process, European Universities are being steered towards uniformity in terms of their institutional missions and academic curricula. Romania, as a new member of the European Community, feels such supra-national policy pressures for "reform" in its higher education sector most keenly. As a result, it is only…

Oprean, Constantin

2007-01-01

405

School Reform and Student Diversity, Volume III: Technical Appendix: Research Design and Methodology. Studies of Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than one-fifth of American school-age children and youth come from language-minority families--homes in which languages other than English are spoken. This volume, the last in a series of three, describes the research design and methodology for a study that examined exemplary school-reform efforts involving the education of limited…

Berman, Paul; And Others

406

Successful Community Organizing for School Reform. Strong Neighborhoods, Strong Schools. The Indicators Project on Education Organizing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indicators Project on Education Organizing was designed to examine the role of community organizing in school reform. For over 2 years, researchers documented the education organizing of five urban groups. This report presents an education organizing indicators framework that highlights strategies and accomplishments of education organizing.…

Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Brown, Chris

407

Curriculum Reform and Professional Development: A Case Study on Chinese Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a study on teacher educators' professional development in the context of national curriculum reform in China. It explains the background of the implementation of the new curriculum of basic education and its impacts on teacher education. Also, it reviews the professional standards of teacher educators in some developed…

Zhu, Hong

2010-01-01

408

Views of collaboration among administrators and teachers involved in science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purposes of this study were to investigate the perceptions of collaboration among administrators and teachers involved in science education reform, determine similarities and difference in perception among administrators and teachers, and examine the progress of district reform efforts in terms of reform recommendations advanced in the research literature. Naturalistic constructivist theory guided the generation of the instruments and the analysis of data. Instruments for this investigation included a questionnaire and structured surveys. Audio-taped responses to the surveys were transcribed and analyzed for patterns of interaction. Support for science teacher collaboration and science education reform depended on the district's overall organizational style (classified as top-down, bottom-up, or a combination of these two styles), was connected to the level of commitment of the sciences teachers and administrators interviewed, and was linked to the level of solidarity for that support among teachers and administrators in the district. Reform-oriented districts addressed resource allocation in ways that supported science education reform. Science teachers, identified as the agents for educational reform, facilitated the overall process by providing specific evidence in support of reform, recruiting teachers and administrators to a reform-oriented agenda, and creating close-knit cadres engaged in the reform process. District activities in support of science education reforms which reflect the overall school reform recommendations maintained their focus provided that such activities were monitored and adjusted to furnish opportunities to include all the district science teachers, utilized a committed cadre of science teachers that supported the overall recommendations, and facilitated the inclusion of all district staff in the overall process. For success, it is important for the staff in each district to identify a clear need and establish a high level of commitment to the reform before embarking on it. Involvement of the entire district staff in the processes of reform is vital if long-term educational reform and development is to occur. Strategies to develop a process of professional development need to be in concert with the recommendations of reform and applicable to the policies and philosophies of the particular school system.

Trax, Mark Francis

409

Career and Technical Education Secondary Programs 2003-04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information relating to secondary occupational career and technical education program enrollments within Pennsylvania's public secondary schools collected by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE). For school year 2003-04, PDE used the Career and Technical Education Information System (CATS) to collect individual…

Simchock, Stephen, Comp.

2005-01-01

410

Career and Technical Education. Secondary Programs, 2004-05  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information relating to secondary occupational career and technical education program enrollments within Pennsylvania's public secondary schools. For school year 2004-05, Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) used the Career and Technical Education Information System (CATS) to collect individual student enrollment…

Simchock, Stephen, Comp.

2006-01-01

411

Curriculum Reform and the Legitimation of Educational Objectives: The Case of the Federal Republic of Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Posits that compensatory legitimation is the modern state's response to its legitimation crisis and is manifested through educational reforms. Delineates how the state interprets society's norms and values through the curriculum. Offers the West German curriculum reform debates of the 1960s and 1970s as an example. (SLM)

Weiler, Hans N.

1990-01-01

412

Effects of the 1994 Tax Reform on Intraprovincial Inequalities in Financing Basic Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the influence of the 1994 tax reform on intraprovincial inequality in financing basic education. The empirical analysis finds that the reform has decreased inequality in general, suggesting that the center may attain its policy goal through centralizing its relative fiscal capability and increasing the intergovernmental…

Lin, Tingjin

2009-01-01

413

Professional development and reform in science education: The role of teachers' practical knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, professional development in the context of the current reforms in science education is discussed from the perspective of developing teachers' practical knowledge. It is argued that reform efforts in the past have often been unsuccessful because they failed to take teachers' existing knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes into account. Teachers' practical knowledge is conceptualized as action-oriented and person-bound.

Jan H. van Driel; Douwe Beijaard; Nico Verloop

2001-01-01

414

Rhetoric and Reality of Systemic Reform: A Critique of the Proposed National Science Education Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article briefly reviews the central ideas associated with the notion of systemic reform and indicates how these ideas are manifested in the draft of the National Science Education Standards. The draft is critiqued and what the critique suggests about the viability and utility of the notion of systemic reform is considered. The discussion…

Donmoyer, Robert

1995-01-01

415

Tyranny of the Textbook: An Insider Exposes How Educational Materials Undermine Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms and standards have been a topic of public debate for decades, with the latest go-round being the State Common Core Curriculum Standards. But time and again those reforms have failed, and each set of standards, no matter how new and different, has had little impact on improving student achievement. Why? The textbooks. Textbooks…

Jobrack, Beverlee

2011-01-01

416

Curriculum Differentiation and Comprehensive School Reform: Challenges in Providing Educational Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the efforts of comprehensive school reform to improve the quality of educational opportunities for students by providing a standards based curriculum, this analysis examines the issue of tracking and its implications regarding curriculum differentiation. Using data from middle schools involved with the comprehensive school reform model,…

Harris, Donna Marie

2011-01-01

417

Teacher Education and Development in Newfoundland and Labrador in a Time of Restructuring and Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through reference to policy and research documents, this paper provides insight into how educational restructuring and reform are planned, presented, and implemented in Canada's Atlantic provinces, particularly Newfoundland and Labrador. It suggests that such reform and restructuring occur at the interface of a province's history, geography, and…

Samson, Florence

2001-01-01

418

Politics of Educational Excellence: Reform in Illinois and Minnesota in the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In less than 2 years after the publication of the national report "A Nation at Risk," an overwhelming majority of states adopted many of the educational reform measures advocated in the report. The rapid adoption of the reforms among states with different political cultures, policy traditions, and partisan control raises the question of why these…

Sunderman, Gail L.

419

Review and Lessons Learned of Phare Vocational Education and Training Reform Programmes, 1993-1998. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of Phare vocational education and training (VET) reform programs conducted in 13 Eastern and Central European countries in 1993-1998 and lessons learned from the programs were examined through a review of information from the following sources: a cross-country analysis on curricular reform; a review of technical evaluation…

Viertel, Evelyn; Grootings, Peter

420

Debates on the Basic Education Curriculum Reform and Teachers' Challenges in China: The Case of Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…

Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing

2012-01-01

421

Labour Market Effects of the Polytechnic Education Reform: The Finnish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates the labour market effects of the introduction of the polytechnic education system in Finland. The polytechnic reform gradually transformed former vocational colleges into polytechnics. Since the timing of the reform differed across schools, we can compare the performance of polytechnic graduates to the performance of…

Bockerman, Petri; Hamalainen, Ulla; Uusitalo, Roope

2009-01-01

422

Why the Best Isn't so Bad: Moderation and Ideals in Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Moderating the Debate: Rationality and the Promise of American Education," Michael Feuer counsels reformers to "satisfice": moderate their expectations and accept that flawed reforms can be good enough. Implicit in Feuer's view of satisficing is the assumption that moderating expectations entails eschewing ideals and replacing optimal goals…

Kerdeman, Deborah

2009-01-01

423

Redefining "Public" Education: Charter Schools, Common Schools, and the Rhetoric of Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the public nature of charter schools, comparing Michigan charter school reformers' rhetoric with that of 19th century common school reformers, noting the conflicting definitions of what constitutes public schooling and suggesting that charter schools frame education principally as a consumer good, thus privatizing the purpose of public…

Lubienski, Chris

2001-01-01

424

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

425

Master Teachers in Residence: Bringing a Classroom Perspective to Course Reform for NSF's Oklahoma Teacher Education Collaborative (O-TEC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Master teachers can be influential in course revision. The Oklahoma Teacher Education Collaborative (O-TEC) teacher reform effort is a consortium of nine higher education institutions working with the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) reform effort to produce teachers better equipped for teaching science and mathematics. The reform emphasizes…

Ramsey, Sarah; Neathery, Faye; Fholer, Gwen; Weger, Elayne; Voth, Bonnie; Townsend, Joyce; Campbell, DeAnn; Boedecker, Martha

426

Harmony and Disharmony in an Educational Reform Concert: Towards a Parsons' Inspired Dynamic Model of Tuning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In large-scale educational reforms, many actors play their roles. The diversity of contributions and lack of harmonization prove to be frequently found to cause educational reform failures. Many explanations for these failures focus on differences between the actors and on differences in their contributions to the reform process. In this article,…

Carpay, Thérèse; Luttenberg, Johan; Veugelers, Wiel; Pieters, Jules

2013-01-01

427

STEM Education: An Incongruous Approach A Proposed Reform Model for a Large Suburban High School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is unknown how the school can best influence the variables that determine pursuance of science study and career choice to bring about greater opportunity to learn challenging science curriculum for all students and promote Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. Student decisions regarding the type of science class to elect in early secondary school years can impact their progression and academic success in subsequent rigorous and challenging offerings. Parents, counselors, peers, gender, socio-economic status and individual experience in previous coursework are variables of consideration. The purpose of this study is to examine these variables in a large suburban New Jersey School District aligned to STEM and Advanced Placement level course choice by students. Information regarding the influence of the variables can lead to a reform of the approach toward STEM education currently in place. The study will include a historical reflection of the approach to curriculum revision in the district. Increasing student enrollment in science courses beyond the required number stipulated for high school completion will open opportunities for entrance into STEM related careers or continued post secondary science study.

Hughes, Patricia A.

428

Integrating biodefense topics into secondary education curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns about threats posed by microorganisms found in nature are compounded with the possibility for intentional dissemination. Our vulnerability has increased due to more frequent travel between geographical regions, newly emerging pathogens, changes in terrorist activities, and advances in biotechnology. To increase awareness and global preparedness for threats posed by biological agents, educators need to have access to training and materials to educate the next generation in these issues. To assess what approach would provide educators with the tools necessary to incorporate biodefense related content into their current curricula, secondary education science teachers were surveyed about factors limiting the content of curricula presented in their courses. Results indicate that the most influential barriers to curricula change are time limitations and state mandated exam pressures. Analysis measuring differences in survey responses between two groups of teachers who are separated based on their level of using mandated state objectives to guide their curricula planning indicates that pressures of state mandated exam scores and a general fear of unsuccessful results are determinants for separating teachers into one of these two groups. A teacher training workshop conducive to supporting curricula change was held with the goal of increasing awareness of current threats posed by biological agents and modern biodefense strategies. The workshop was also designed to assist participants in overcoming barriers challenging their ability to incorporate new content into curricula. Participant responses to a post-workshop survey were favorable for measurements of the workshop effectiveness towards diminishing barriers to teacher initiated curricula changes. Respondents reported increased understanding of modern biology, increased realization of the importance of updating curricula with modern knowledge, and increased likeliness of incorporating content from the workshop into current curriculum.

Dalfrey, Karen E.

429

Towards Rational Decision-Making in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Without a conscious effort to achieve optimum resource allocation, there is a real danger that educational resources may be wasted. This document uses input-output analysis to develop a model for rational decision-making in secondary education. (LLR)

Cohn, Elchanan

430

The Reform of Education in Burundi: Enlightened Theory Faced with Political Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article described the contents of a Reform Report developed by the Ministry of Education in Burundi, Africa and considered their likely implementation in the light of the political upheaval that country has undergone. (Author/RK)

Greenland, J.

1974-01-01

431

The Iowa Chautauqua Program: Advancing Reforms in K-12 Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the dissemination and implementation of the Iowa Chautauqua Program model of professional development for advancing science education reforms within the United States and in several settings abroad. Contains 15 references. (WRM)

Dass, Pradeep M.; Yager, Robert E.

1999-01-01

432

Technology's Role in Education Reform: Findings from a National Study of Innovating Schools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Educational reform calls for a shift away from organizing instruction around short blocks of time devoted to lecture or practicing discrete skills in specific academic disciplines toward an emphasis on engaging students in long-term, meaningful projects. ...

K. Olson, B. Means, J. Ruskus

1995-01-01

433

The Allures and Illusions of Modernity: Technology and Educational Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined a national educational technology effort in Egypt, illuminating the contradictions between the rhetoric of reform and the reality of school practices. Identifies underlying political, cultural, and economic factors that constrain attempts to improve Egyptian schooling with technology. (SLD)

Warschauer, Mark

2003-01-01

434

The Secondary School Pipeline: Longitudinal Indicators of Resilience and Resistance in Urban Schools Under Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in the secondary education pipeline, the 6-year period between 7th and 12th grades, deal with external and internal conditions that facilitate or hinder progress to graduation and beyond--these conditions offer resilience or resistance and influence student movement through public schools. This study follows an urban middle school cohort…

Samel, Arthur N.; Sondergeld, Toni A.; Fischer, John M.; Patterson, Nancy C.

2011-01-01

435

Politics of State-Led Reform in Education: Market Competition and Electoral Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

State-led educational initiatives have gained prominence across the nation. In this study, the authors examine two very different types of reform-state adoption of charter school legislation and state implementation of school district take-over-to explore the proposition that the type of education reform a state chooses will be significantly affected by a state's electoral dynamics, that is, the extent to which

Kenneth K. Wong; Francis X. Shen

2002-01-01

436

America 2000 and Reform in Science Education: Where Does EE Fit?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the president's educational reform package for its relevance to environmental education. Addresses concerns that environmental education professionals should be aware of as they are drawn into the development process. Emphasis is on the necessity of understanding the language of the plan. The agenda may or may not accommodate guidelines…

Marcinkowski, Thomas J.

1992-01-01

437

Historical Aspects of the Concept of "Compulsory Education": Rethinking the Rhetoric of Debates in Current Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current Educational Reform in Japan is oddly captured with confused conceptions of "compulsory education." The Ministry of Education blankets such connotations of it, as a national budget system, mandated school curriculum, responsible partnership of school with community and accountabilities of local school board, in defense of vested national…

Sato, Manabu

2008-01-01

438

The Education Reform Act 1988: Success or Failure? A Short Report of a BELMAS Discussion Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years after the introduction of the 1988 Education Reform Act (ERA), BELMAS (British Educational Leadership, Management & Administration Society) held a discussion forum for academics, teachers and all those interested in education policy and practice. Was the ERA a success or a failure? The one-day forum of presentations and discussions in…

Strain, Michael

2009-01-01

439

Education Reform, Indigenous Politics, and Decolonisation in the Bolivia of Evo Morales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the relationship between education reform and Intercultural Bilingual Education (IBE) for Bolivia's majority indigenous peoples, as this has evolved since the 1990s into the era of Evo Morales, Latin America's first indigenous president, elected in 2005. In order to bring out the significance of the new Education Bill awaiting…

Howard, Rosaleen

2009-01-01

440

Australian Teacher Education Reforms: Reinforcing the Problem or Providing a Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform represents a long-term focus of Australian governments. National policy documents have emphasised quality education for all and improved teacher quality for over 30 years. The gaps in achievement among various groups of learners represent a problem for an education system seeking to achieve national quality benchmarks,…

O'Meara, James

2011-01-01

441

Educational Reforms. Bulletin of the UNESCO Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Number 29.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past four decades, countries in the Asia Pacific region have made in-depth reviews of educational policies that have led to reforms. The volume's first section gives an overview of experiences of countries in the region with respect to education policy review exercises and the formulation and implementation of educational policies and…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.

442

Higher Education Funding Reform and University-Industry Links in Developing Countries: The Case of Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most investigations into the effects of funding changes on higher education systems have been carried out in developed economies. This article focuses on the Thai higher education system, applying theoretical arguments and empirical analyses to the case of a newly industrialising country. One goal of the Thai higher education funding reform is to…

Schiller, Daniel; Liefner, Ingo

2007-01-01

443

School Reform and Mental Health Services for Students with Emotional Disturbances Educated in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes for students in special education continue to be disappointing and those having emotional disturbances (ED) continue to lag behind the other disability groups. In this study, school reform activities and the effects on students who are educated in special education programs for students who have ED were examined. Demographically similar…

Duchnowski, A. J.; Kutash, K.

2011-01-01

444

Evaluation and Follow-Up of Policies, Plans and Reforms of Education: Round Table V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings from a round table held at an international symposium focuses on the planning and management of educational development. The following papers are included in this document: "Overall View on the Evaluation of Educational Plans and Reforms (Ingemar Fagerlind); "Evaluation and Research Capacity-Building in Education Meeting the Needs…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Educational Policy and Planning.

445

Sticks, Stones, and Ideology: The Discourse of Reform in Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many highly politicized debates about reforming teacher education are embedded within two larger national agendas: the agenda to professionalize teaching and teacher education, which is linked to the K–12 standards movement, and the movement to deregulate teacher preparation, which aims to dismantle teacher education institutions and break up the monopoly of the profession. In this article, the authors analyze how

Marilyn Cochran-Smith; Mary Kim Fries

2001-01-01

446

Equal Educational Opportunity in Connecticut. Review and Recommendations for State School Finance Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formed by the Connecticut legislature to monitor the state's educational aid plan, the Educational Equity Study Committee in this report joins with the state Board of Education in recommending amendments to Connecticut's 1979 school finance reform law, involving changes in the state's Minimum Expenditure Requirement (MER) plan and Guaranteed Tax…

Connecticut State Educational Equity Study Committee, Hartford.

447

Radical Administrative Reforms in New Zealand Education: The Implications of the Picot Report for Institutional Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are current statistics and a history of the New Zealand education system from the 1877 Education Act to the Picot Taskforce. Included are reform recommendations made by the Taskforce, particularly specific principal role expectations in the areas of facilitating governance, corporate planning, educational leadership, and management…

Macpherson, R. J. S.

1989-01-01

448

Documentos de consulta para iniciar la reforma educativa (Preparatory documents on educational reform).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of two booklets on Mexican educational reform. The first booklet cites the parts of the Mexican Constitution dealing with education, the legal foundation of Mexican education, stipulating that it shall be universal, democratic, national, compulsory, free and immune from…

Consejo Nacional Tecnico de la Educacion (Mexico).

449

Psychology Studies' Drive to Educational Reform in the Last 20 Years in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to better understand the relationship between educational psychology research and educational reform, this essay reviews the development of educational psychology studies in the last 20 years in China. The study shows that: (1) Rapid development has been made in the areas of establishing discipline systems; (2) Research fields have been…

Zhang, Da-jun; Xu, Xing-chun

2006-01-01

450

Micropolitical and Identity Challenges Influencing New Faculty Participation in Teacher Education Reform: When Will We Learn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Teacher education faculty face increasing pressure to simultaneously strengthen and reform teacher education programs while maintaining research productivity. The demands placed on teacher education programs to increase relevancy by strengthening clinical components of teacher preparation has once again reached the fore. The…

Yendol-Hoppey, Diane; Hoppey, David; Morewood, Aimee; Hayes, Sharon B.; Graham, Meadow Sherrill

2013-01-01

451

The Liberal Arts College and the Ideal of Liberal Education: The Case for Radical Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book analyzes the crisis facing the American liberal arts college and offers a proposal for its reform. It argues that a college's infidelity to the ideals of liberal education adversely affects its relationship to society, its educational program, and its teachers. A definition and a defense of liberal education ideals is offered. The author…

Crimmel, Henry H.

452

Reforms and Innovations in Estonian Education. Baltische Studien zur Erziehungs- und Sozialwissenschaft. Volume 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers provides a small overview of educational research in Estonia. The papers in the collection treat school reforms since the renewal of independence in 1991, new approaches to teacher training, the implementation of a child-centred approach in school, the achieving of educational aims and other actual topics in education.…

Mikk, Jaan, Ed.; Veisson, Marika, Ed.; Luik, Piret, Ed.

2008-01-01

453

Between exhortation and reform—Recent U.S. experience with educational change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational reform movements in the United States reflect the social and political contexts and traditions of a country with few educational controls at the centre, an agenda accessible to a wide range of interests, media that can quickly attract and focus public attention, and a persistent faith in the potential of education. This mix of conditions tends to generate waves

Don Adams; Catherine Cornbleth; David Plank

1988-01-01

454

Educational Reform and Instructional Television in El Salvador: Costs, Benefits, and Payoffs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The El Salvadoran educational reform policy called for a major revamping of previous educational goals and objectives. The basic questions of how these new goals might be achieved have been resolved through major administrative restructuring and by embarking upon the widespread use of educational technology, instructional television (ITV) playing…

Speagle, Richard E.

455

Public Education in the United States. A Modularized Course. Elementary Education 3010. Secondary Education 3040.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This modularized, self-paced study program in Elementary and Secondary Education for K-12 majors is an evolving course of study designed for responsible students. The course is organized into six modules: Trends and Issues in Contemporary Education, Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Education, Administrative Structure and Financing of…

Lawrence, Joyce V.; Mamola, Claire Z.

456

Reforming Science Education: Part I. The Search for a Philosophy of Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The call for reforms in science education has been ongoing for a century, with new movements and approaches continuously reshaping the identity and values of the discipline. The HPS movement has an equally long history and taken part in the debates defining its purpose and revising curriculum. Its limited success, however, is due not only to competition with alternative visions and paradigms (e.g. STS, multi-culturalism, constructivism, traditionalism) which deadlock implementation, and which have led to conflicting meanings of scientific literacy, but the inability to rise above the debate. At issue is a fundamental problem plaguing science education at the school level, one it shares with education in general. It is my contention that it requires a guiding “metatheory” of education that can appropriately distance itself from the dual dependencies of metatheories in psychology and the demands of socialization—especially as articulated in most common conceptions of scientific literacy tied to citizenship. I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science. This will be elaborated in Part II of a supplemental paper to the present one. As a prerequisite to presenting Egan’s metatheory I first raise the issue of the need for a conceptual shift back to philosophy of education within the discipline, and thereto, on developing and demarcating true educational theories (essentially neglected since Hirst). In the same vein it is suggested a new research field should be opened with the express purpose of developing a discipline-specific “philosophy of science education” (largely neglected since Dewey) which could in addition serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands.

Schulz, Roland M.

2009-04-01

457

The educational argumentation of the Hellenic political forces on special education in the 1913, 1929, 1964, and 1985 reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we attempt to show the educational argumentation of the Greek liberal political forces with respect to special education within the reform attempts that were undertaken in 1913, 1929, 1964, and 1985. More specifically, we detect the concepts that prevailed in each of the three main phases through which special education in Greece passed over the period under

Sifis Bouzakis; Eleni Berdousi

2008-01-01

458

Suspended in Liminal Space: Special Education Administrators and the Decade of Educational Reform within the NYC School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highly politicized educational reforms in New York City have seen special education become marginalized as a casualty of the accountability movement. There is a liminal space between "old" and "new" ways where special education administrators find themselves as they consider their roles and responsibilities in continuing to press for opportunities…

Connor, David J.

2012-01-01

459

Leading in the Age of Post-Socialist Education Transformations: Examining Sustainability of Teacher Education Reform in Latvia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the former socialist countries of Southeastern/Central Europe and the former Soviet Union have embarked on their journeys from authoritarian to democratic societies in the early 1990s, education systems across the region have experienced major changes. From curriculum revision to education finance reforms, virtually no aspect of the education

Webster, Colin; Silova, Iveta; Moyer, Amy; McAllister, Suzanne

2011-01-01

460

The Politics of Teacher Education Reform. The National Commission on Teaching and America's Future. Yearbook of the Politics of Education Association. [Volume 13].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of papers on the politics of teacher education reform. The book begins with "Introduction to the Politics of Teacher Preparation Reform" (Karen Symms Gallagher and Jerry D. Bailey). Part 1, "Issues From the National Arena," includes "The Politics of Teacher Education Reform: Strategic Philanthropy and Public Policy…

Gallagher, Karen Symms, Ed.; Bailey, Jerry D., Ed.

461

A Conceptual Approach to Learning Chemistry in Professional Secondary School in Latvia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the year 1991, great structural reforms were launched in Latvia at all levels of education, including secondary education. Still, there are many reforms that must be implemented in secondary professional education. The objective of our research was to develop a contemporary didactic coverage for teaching chemistry in professional secondary

Priede, Daina; Krumina, Aira

2012-01-01

462

Roles of Assessment in Secondary Education: Participant Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance pressure at both the institutional and individual level of secondary education has been identified as a pressure that is acknowledged all over Europe and raises questions about the extent to which agents in lower and upper secondary education interpret assessment in terms of either control or learning, or perhaps both. Drawing on…

Rasmussen, Annette; Friche, Nanna

2011-01-01

463

Secondary Special Education: A Guide to Promising Public School Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book discusses current issues and trends in special education programming at the secondary level. An introductory chapter by Cynthia L. Warger outlines service delivery program models and the range of curriculum content options. In Chapter 2, Janet Sansone focuses on the issue of accountability in secondary education as it relates to…

Warger, Cynthia L., Ed.; Weiner, Bluma B., Ed.

464

EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF MADISON.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS DOCUMENT OUTLINES THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANTS FOR THE MADISON, WISCONSIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE DISTRICT IS OUTLINED AND RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL WHICH INCLUDES TEACHER-DIRECTED ACTIVITIES AND INDIVIDUAL STUDY PROVISIONS. IT RELATES OBJECTIVES AND GOALS TO…

GILBERTS, ROBERT D.

465

Secondary Physical Education Avoidance and Gender: Problems and Antidotes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our goal was to locate and evaluate the barriers that impact and cause females to avoid secondary elective physical education courses. We sought to find answers to stop the further decline of female enrolment in secondary physical education by looking into curricula, program and instructional variables. Anecdotal evidence informed this study which…

Ryan, Thomas; Poirier, Yves

2012-01-01

466

Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary School Tracking Regimes in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines educational outcomes of pupils selected to secondary school types by different tracking regimes in a German state: Pupils are alternatively streamed after fourth grade or after sixth grade. Regression results indicate that, estimated on the mean, there are no negative effects of later tracking on educational outcomes in the middle of secondary school. Positive effects are observed

Andrea M. Mühlenweg

2008-01-01

467

The Durability of Academic Secondary Education in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform has not taken place in India because of an unwillingness on the part of the upper social castes to make any changes that would be adverse to their interests. Consequently, ver few members of the lower castes receive any instruction beyond the elementary level. (CK)

Zachariah, Mathew

1970-01-01

468

Financing Secondary Education in Developing Countries: Strategies for Sustainable Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the problems and issues of secondary-school financing in developing countries. It outlines the rationale for expanding secondary education, investigates under what conditions it might be possible to do so at sustainable cost levels, presents case studies of secondary-school financing, and offers policy recommendations. The first…

Lewin, Keith; Caillods, Francoise

469

Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

Villaverde, Leila E.

470

Despite the Odds: The Contentious Politics of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Despite the Odds" poses an important question: How can we account for successful policy reform initiatives when the political cards are stacked against change? Theories of politics usually predict that reform initiatives will be unsuccessful when powerful groups are opposed to change and institutions are biased against it. This book, however,…

Grindle, Merilee S.

2004-01-01

471

On the Reform of Higher Education and Science in Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making sure that any reforms enjoy social support is an urgent problem in societal transformations. This truth has been hard won by history and has rightly taken on the status of an axiom. What makes reforms different from revolutions is that they are limited when it comes to the use of the mechanisms of destruction and suppression. In contrast to…

Gurevich, L. Ia.

2011-01-01

472

The Potential Impact of Health Care Reform on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 522 colleges and universities investigated the impact of health care reform proposals. Results provide an overview of typical current medical plan design, including coverage for part- and full-time employees, and give insight into attitudes toward the idea of regional health alliances, a potentially useful reform approach. (MSE)

Reace, Diana

1994-01-01

473

Teacher content knowledge in the context of science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The decline of science education in elementary schools has been well documented. While numerous efforts have been made for the purpose of reforming science education, most of those efforts have targeted science programs, assessment techniques, and setting national, state, and local standards, stressing teacher accountability for meeting those standards. However, inadequate science content knowledge of preservice teachers limits their ability to master effective teaching strategies, and also may foster negative attitudes toward science and science teaching. It is, therefore, highly unlikely that any significant reform in science education will be realized until this major underlying problem is addressed and resolved. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an experimental elementary science methods course, which employs the use of laser videodisc technology and instructional implications from cognitive science and instructional design, in terms of preservice teacher gains in Earth and physical science content knowledge and locus of control in science. The experimental elementary science methods course was compared to a more traditional approach to the same course which focused primarily on methods of teaching in the physical sciences and other science domains. The experimental and traditional groups were compared before and after treatment in terms of preservice teachers' content knowledge in Earth and physical science and locus ofcontrol in science. Results indicated that the experimental and traditional groups were comparable prior to treatment. The experimental group (89 preservice teachers) responded correctly to 45% of the items on the Elementary Science Concepts Test (ESCT) pretest and the traditional group (78 preservice teachers) responded correctly to 42% of the pretest items, the difference between groups being nonsignificant. Further, the experimental and traditional groups scored similarly on the pre-assessment of locus of control in science with scores on the Preservice Teacher Information and Science Opinion Questionnaire (ISOQ) of 162.12 and 163.65, respectively, the difference also being nonsignificant. The pre- and post-administrations of both the ESCT and ISOQ were all found to be statistically significant (F (4, 162) = 271.18343, p<0.05) in predicting group membership. Analyses of variance indicated significantly greater gains in Earth and physical science content knowledge (F (1,165) = 743.7746, p<0.025) and locus of control in science (F (1,165) = 45.7477, p<0.025) for the experimental group compared to the traditional group. A significant difference (F = (2,162) = 31.82279, p<0.05) was found between the combined effect of locus of control in science and Earth and physical science content knowledge in respect to treatment, indicating that the curriculum and instructional design of the experimental course significantly influenced preservice teachers' science content knowledge and locus of control in science. Suggestions for further research included: (a) determining whether the results of this present research may also apply to inservice teachers, (b) determining the effects of such preservice and inservice training on actual classroom practice, (c) relating increased science knowledge with improvement in science lesson planning and mastery of pedagogical skills, and (d) more detailed analysis of instructional implications from cognitive science and instructional design in regard to their application to the teaching of science (as well as other content areas).

Doby, Janice Kay

1997-12-01

474

The Impact of Educational Reforms on the Work of the School Principal in the United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although much has been written about the complexity of educational change and reform elsewhere, the educational reform movement in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a relatively recent phenomenon with little systematic documentation as yet; educators are still searching for a clear understanding of their roles. However, it is clear that the…

Thorne, Christine

2011-01-01

475

Reform of general education and vocational training in the U.S.S.R  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

School reform in the Soviet Union is now being carried out in accordance with programmatic directives of the June 1983 plenary session of the CPSU Central Committee. The draft reform was under study and discussion for several months by various groups within the Soviet Union with the participation of about 120 million people. Following the discussion of the draft reform, the basic guidelines for reform were approved by the plenary session of the CPSU Central Committee on April 10, 1984, and by the U.S.S.R. Supreme Soviet on April 12, 1984. The essence of the reform is to improve the quality of instruction (including an added year of compulsory education-from 10 to 11) and to teach young people a profession in addition to the required volume of knowledge and work skills.

Spearman, M. L.

1985-01-01

476

Change Forces: Probing the Depths of Educational Reform. School Development and the Management of Change Series: 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debunking popular reform efforts, this book argues that education reformers are fighting a fruitless uphill battle. Neither top-down regulation nor locally based reforms will transform schooling. The insurmountable problem is juxtaposing a continuous change theme with a continuous, conservative system that defies change. In partnership with all…

Fullan, Michael

477

Interprofessional education as an approach for reforming health professions education in Brazil: emerging findings.  

PubMed

Abstract Interprofessional education (IPE) is an important issue to insert in the debate on the reform of the education of health professions in Brazil. This paper provides details on an emerging study, based in Brazil, whose aim is to explore the use of IPE as a strategy to reform health professional education to become more collaborative in nature. The study has adopted a sequential mixed-methods approach, and will conduct focus groups, individual interviews and surveys with students, teachers and administrators based in two universities. Initial findings have indicated that, at present, participants were not aware of systematic strategies to bring students from different courses together for IPE, which has created problems for the development of knowledge and skills for collaborative work. Further data will be gathered to expand this analysis. Nevertheless, there is already clear evidence that there is a need to integrate and strengthen the use of IPE in Brazil, as a key route forward to strengthening the process of reorientation training of health professionals. PMID:24383408

da Costa, Marcelo Viana; Vilar, Maria José; de Azevedo, George Dantas; Reeves, Scott

2014-07-01

478

The Prospect of Motorcycle Safety Education in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motorcycle safety education will become a necessity in the near future due to the growing demands of secondary students for education in this area. The Motorcycle Safety Foundation is sponsored by major motorcycle industries and is involved with developing programs and materials to promote motorcycle safety education. The high rate of motorcycle…

King, Alfred S.

479

Towards 3000: The Dynamics of Future Post-Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a systems theory approach to post-secondary education. Terms such as entropy, energy, and "essergy" together with the laws of thermodynamics are applied to educational concepts. A philosophical approach with interspersed quotations from Hegel, Korzybski, and Adelman is used to design a new educational paradigm based upon…

Teng, Jaan

480

Directory of Public Elementary and Secondary Education Agencies. Spring 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major responsibilities of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is to report on the condition of public elementary and secondary education in the United States. Information on the universe of schools and education agencies is collected annually in the NCES Common Core of Data (CCD) surveys. The surveys are completed from…

Cook, Richard Paul; And Others

481

75 FR 29740 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; Overview Information; Gulf Coast Recovery Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; Overview Information; Gulf Coast Recovery...educational agencies (LEAs) in improving education in areas affected by Hurricanes...

2010-05-27

482

Investing in College Completion. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 11, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Progress of Education Reform" summarizes recent research that may challenge conventional wisdom on how and where public resources for postsecondary education should be dedicated in an effort to increase college completion rates. Questions to be examined include: (1) How did changes in enrollments and the allocation of resources…

Education Commission of the States (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

483

The Color of School Reform: Race, Politics, and the Challenge of Urban Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study traced the relationships among demographic change, political change, and education in: Atlanta, Georgia; Baltimore, Maryland; Detroit, Michigan; and the District of Columbia. Although each city is different and has experienced periods of enthusiasms for school reform, all four cities are dealing with objective indicators of educational

Henig, Jeffrey R.; Hula, Richard C.; Orr, Marion; Pedescleaux, Desiree S.

484

A Community of Stories: Involving Citizens in Education Reform. Partners in Learning Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses education reform and the need to involve communities in making significant changes to the educational system. The introductory section discusses schools as communities of learners. In such schools the community emerges from a collaborative relationship among parents, community institutions, and the school. Schools will be…

Cortes, Ernesto, Jr.

485

Public Schools in Marketized Environments: Shifting Incentives and Unintended Consequences of Competition-Based Educational Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By opening the system to competition, popular school choice reforms seek to remake public education into a more consumer-oriented endeavor. While the underlying theory holds that competitive pressures will induce change and improvement in educational processes, research indicates that organizations often respond instead by developing promotional…

Lubienski, Christopher

2005-01-01

486

The Impact of Educational Reform on the Attitudes and Behavior of Chinese Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the influence of the new educational strategy on the changing structure of opportunities for Chinese youth, discusses current educational inequalities which emerged from post-Mao reform, and analyzes the effect of new policies on youth attitudes and behaviors. (IAH)

Rosen, Stanley

1988-01-01

487

Imaging the Frame: Media Representations of Teachers, Their Unions, NCLB, and Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the political discourse surrounding NCLB, educational reform, and how that discourse shaped perceptions of public education during the Bush Administration. Examining mass media campaigns in the New York Times and Time Magazine, the article demonstrates how the media has visually and textually framed and reinforced NCLB and…

Goldstein, Rebecca A.

2011-01-01

488

Challenging the Post-Fordist/Flexible Organisation Thesis: The Case of Reformed Educational Organisations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines claims that recent reforms to UK education have led to significant organisational changes in primary school and higher education. It also examines two main theoretical explanations for these, namely post-Fordism and New Managerialism. Examples of changes in both schools and universities, including flexibility and teamwork, are…

Brehony, Kevin J.; Deem, Rosemary

2005-01-01

489

The Politics of Curriculum Reform in Canada: The Case of Technology Education in British Columbia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates the case of technology education in British Colombia and discusses its invulnerability of teachers to curriculum reform. Draws on historical and survey data related to school practices and Ministry of Education enrollment data disaggregated by sex. Casts these data into a politics of curriculum framework informed by the work of…

Petrina, Stephen; Dalley, Stephen

2003-01-01

490

The Implementation of Educational Reform in Brazil's Agricultural Schools: A Study of Agricultural Teachers' Perceptions1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addressed the perceptions of Brazilian federally supported agricultural school teachers towards two concepts enforced by the reform of professional education in Brazil: the separation between academic and professional education and the modular competency based curriculum. Rogers' (1995) five attributes of innovations (relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability, and observability), and Moore and Benbasat (1991) voluntariness of use were used

Francisco C. Trindade Leite; Connie D. Baggett; Rama B. Radhakrishna

491

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

492

Radical Decentralization and the Role of Community in Polish Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of decentralization policies on the Polish school system and the emergence of educational alternatives to the state system are examined. The discussion focuses on community schools as a particular case of decentralized educational reform that has roots in the social activist and communitarian traditions of Solidarity, but has also found…

Bodine, Edward F.

2005-01-01

493

Future Developments of Educational Research in the Asia-Pacific Region: Paradigm Shifts, Reforms, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In facing up to the challenges and impacts of globalization, high technology, economic transformation, international competitions and local developments in the new century, there have been numerous educational reforms and initiatives in many countries in the Asia-Pacific Region (Cheng, 2005a, A new paradigm for re-engineering education:…

Cheng, Yin Cheong

2007-01-01

494

The New Basic Education and Whole School Reform: A Chinese Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, China has entered an era of transformation which has extended its reach to education and school reforms. The "New Basic Education" (NBE) was born in this era and implemented by the East China Normal University together with schools around the country. NBE aims at nurturing the active, healthy development of a new…

Bu, Yuhua; Li, Jiacheng

2013-01-01

495

The 1983 Educational Reform Reports. ERIC/CUE Digest Number 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to the educational reform reports of the 1970's, which criticized schools' irrelevance, inequality, and authoritarianism, the flood of reports that appeared in 1983 focus on the danger to the nation's global preeminence and military defense caused by mediocre education. Although most reports uphold a commitment to equity, this is…

Ascher, Carol

496

California Local Educational Reform Network (C-LERN): A Formative and Preliminary Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

C-LERN (California Local Education Reform Network) is the application of failure avoidance technology in California schools with a high concentration of at-risk students. Aimed at total school improvement, C-LERN was piloted in various Sacramento area schools before being launched as a joint venture of the State Department of Education and Sage…

Guthrie, Grace Pung; And Others

497

Does Education Cause Better Health? A Panel Data Analysis Using School Reforms for Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We address whether the relationship between education and health can be interpreted causally. Alternatively, both may be determined by common unobserved factors such as individual time preferences. We add to the primarily US-based evidence by using a Danish panel data set of employed persons, and use Danish school reforms to instrument education

Arendt, J.N.

2005-01-01

498

Effects of Welfare Reform on Educational Acquisition of Young Adult Women. NBER Working Paper No. 14466  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital accumulation among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, has promoted work rather than educational acquisition for this group.…

Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope

2008-01-01

499

No Teacher Left Behind: Valuing Teacher Voice in Elementary Reading Teacher Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary teachers have long been absent from the debates surrounding teacher education reform. This research aimed to provide an avenue for teachers to share their insights and beliefs about teacher education. A two-tiered selection produced a sample of over two-hundred elementary teachers for this study. They were asked to compare their own…

Broemmel, Amy D.

2006-01-01

500

Futures Research Data and General Education Reform. AIR 1985 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The usefulness of futures research data to reform the general education curriculum was assessed in 1984, using the Delphi method. Expert opinion was identified concerning changes in the general education curriculum that should be made in light of conclusions provided in "The Global 2000 Report" and "Megatrends." In addition to stating…

Alley, J. David