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Sample records for refractario astm a-447

  1. ASTM METHODS

    EPA Science Inventory

    ASTM is a not-for-profit organization that provides a forum for producers, users, ultimate consumers, and those having a general interest (representatives of government and academia) to meet on common ground and write standards for materials, products, systems, and services. From...

  2. Rubber compounding materials -- ground coal. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1993-05-01

    This classification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee on Rubber and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D11.20 on Compounding Materials and Procedures. The current edition was approved March 15, 1193 and published in May 1993.

  3. ASTM standards on thermocouples, 2nd edition

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This edition has been expanded to include sixteen selected ASTM methods and practices on thermocouples. It also contains a Temperature Electromotive Force (EMF) Table for the NICROSIL-NISIL Thermocouple System.

  4. 46 CFR 163.003-3 - ASTM standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false ASTM standard. 163.003-3 Section 163.003-3 Shipping...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL CONSTRUCTION Pilot Ladder § 163.003-3 ASTM standard. The following standard of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is incorporated by reference into this subpart: ASTM...

  5. 46 CFR 163.003-3 - ASTM standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false ASTM standard. 163.003-3 Section 163.003-3 Shipping...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL CONSTRUCTION Pilot Ladder § 163.003-3 ASTM standard. The following standard of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is incorporated by reference into this subpart: ASTM...

  6. 46 CFR 163.003-3 - ASTM standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false ASTM standard. 163.003-3 Section 163.003-3 Shipping...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL CONSTRUCTION Pilot Ladder § 163.003-3 ASTM standard. The following standard of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is incorporated by reference into this subpart: ASTM...

  7. 46 CFR 163.003-3 - ASTM standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ASTM standard. 163.003-3 Section 163.003-3 Shipping...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL CONSTRUCTION Pilot Ladder § 163.003-3 ASTM standard. The following standard of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is incorporated by reference into this subpart: ASTM...

  8. 46 CFR 163.003-3 - ASTM standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false ASTM standard. 163.003-3 Section 163.003-3 Shipping...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL CONSTRUCTION Pilot Ladder § 163.003-3 ASTM standard. The following standard of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is incorporated by reference into this subpart: ASTM...

  9. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may... for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band... from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  10. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may... for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band... from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  11. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may... for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band... from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  12. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard). 90.379 Section 90.379 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Intelligent Transportation Systems Radio Service Regulations Governing the Licensing and...

  13. Standard specification for cadmium. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.04 on Zinc and Cadmium. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 440-66T. Last previous edition was B 440-76.

  14. ASTM update for stainless steels II

    SciTech Connect

    Davison, R.M.

    1999-10-01

    Specifiers and users of stainless steel (SS) should be aware that the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has revised several of its SS specifications. These changes affect grades commonly used in process and other industries. These changes are discussed.

  15. ASTM Validates Air Pollution Test Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1973

    1973-01-01

    The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has validated six basic methods for measuring pollutants in ambient air as the first part of its Project Threshold. Aim of the project is to establish nationwide consistency in measuring pollutants; determining precision, accuracy and reproducibility of 35 standard measuring methods. (BL)

  16. Upgrading UNLV's ASTM E477 test facility to meet the current requirements of ASTM E477

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fojas, Ronn Reinier

    A by-product of Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is noise that is produced by fans, compressors, and other related equipments and the noises from the turbulence that is created by moving air. Sometimes, it is impractical to modify the sources of the noise, which requires designers to modify the path of the noise, the duct system. These modifications might include installing an in-duct silencer or acoustical lining on the inside walls of the ducts. The testing and the precise quantification of the performance of these silencers and duct linings are necessary for any designer to be able to make the correct modifications to the ventilation system. The ASTM E477 code calls for strict standardization of the testing of such noise attenuation devices. The ASTM E477 test facility used by the Center for Mechanical & Environmental Systems Technology (CMEST) at UNLV was first constructed in 1991 and required upgrades to meet the newer revisions of the ASTM code. This study includes making modifications to the facility (1) to increase sound input, (2) reduce sound leakage, and (3) to integrate the measurement systems. These upgrades will bring the facility into compliance with the current version of the ASTM E477 test standard.

  17. ASTM standardization of electrochemical noise measurement

    SciTech Connect

    Kearns, J.R.; Eden, D.A.; Yaffe, M.R.; Fahey, J.V.; Reichert, D.L.; Silverman, D.C.

    1996-12-31

    The increased utilization of electrochemical noise measurement in corrosion research and industrial process monitoring prompted the formation in 1991 of an ASTM Task Group within the G1 Corrosion of Metals Committee. The scope of the task group was to develop standards that describe instruments and methods for making and analyzing electrochemical noise measurements. Task group activities are focused exclusively on measurements to be made in the laboratory. The initial goal has been to develop consensus on: (a) terminology, (b) specifications and configurations for laboratory instrumentation, (c) laboratory apparatus, and (d) data analysis methods. A round robin was also organized to develop a body of data on different material/environment systems using a variety of instrument configurations and data analysis techniques. A guide for making valid electrochemical noise results is being prepared based on the round robin results. The status of the effort to address these and other standardization issues within the ASTM G1.11.04 Task Group on Electrochemical Noise Measurement will be presented.

  18. ASTM A 312 -- Quality? Who bears the burden?

    SciTech Connect

    Ahluwalia, H.; Kohler, K.

    2000-05-01

    Premature failure occurred in welded type 316L stainless steel pipe ordered to ASTM A 312. This specification can result in great variability in weld-seam quality, affecting corrosion resistance. ASTM A 312 does not sufficiently protect many end users. A clarifying statement should be inserted in this specification, and a new ASTM specification for pipe produced by automated welding mills with in-line induction coil heat treatment should be developed.

  19. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 23: Water; Atmospheric Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.

    Standards for water and atmospheric analysis are compiled in this segment, Part 23, of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) annual book of standards. It contains all current formally approved ASTM standard and tentative test methods, definitions, recommended practices, proposed methods, classifications, and specifications. One…

  20. ASTM standards in radiological decontamination and decommissioning

    SciTech Connect

    Meservey, R.H.

    1994-12-31

    The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Subcommittee E10.03 was formed following a steering committee meeting held in April 1980. The meeting was initiated as a result of labor union concern for the safety of workers on decommissioning projects. Of particular concern at that time was the need for proper training of the workers and a means of tracking worker radiation-exposure records as they traveled to various decommissioning job sites. The steering committee concluded not only that worker protection standards were necessary for decommissioning activities but also that all phases of a decommissioning project could benefit from the appropriate guides or standards. These would provide worker protection, technical guidance, and consistency for decommissioning work. It recommended that Subcommittee E10.03 be formed and dedicated to the preparation of guides and standards that would support all phases of nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning. Subcommittee E10.03 has met regularly on a semiannual basis since that time.

  1. ASTM assessment standards garner nods, some warnings from information vendors

    SciTech Connect

    Prickett, D.S. )

    1993-08-01

    The American Society for Testing of Materials ASTM; (Philadelphia) early this year adopted standards for Phase I real estate site assessments. Many in the real estate, banking and lending communities have welcomed the standards as a partial solution to uncertainties associated with environmental due diligence requirements under CERCLA. Some, however, view the standards as minimum criteria for exercising due diligence, rather than a panacea for potential CERCLA liability problems. The author discusses the new standards with a descriptive statement prepared by ASTM, two essentially favorable views on the ASTM criteria and a cautionary statement about use of the standards in practice.

  2. Standards activity for contamination control at ASTM and IEST

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanders, Jack T.

    2014-09-01

    The paper will discuss recent work at ASTM and IEST to update existing standards and introduce new standards. Committee work on standards of interest to contamination control engineers will be discussed. IEST-STD-CC1246E was released in the last year, and changes from revision D will be highlighted. A new ASTM Standard Practice for Spacecraft Hardware Thermal Vacuum Bakeout will also be emphasized.

  3. Standard radiographic examination for soundness of welds in steel by comparison to graded ASTM E 390 reference radiographs. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This radiograph is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E-7 on Nondestructive Testing and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E07.02 on Reference Radiological Images. Current edition approved May 10, 1998 and published September 1998.

  4. ASTM standards help corporate real estate executives manage environmental information

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, M.J.; McCarter, B.J. )

    1993-09-01

    The American Society for Testing of Materials (ASTM; Philadelphia) new environmental due diligence standards assist executives in supporting environmental risk management procedures. ASTM standards help clarify environmental due diligence procedures for real estate transactions. These standards are being accepted by firms nationwide. The transaction screen and the Phase I environmental site assessment comprise the ASTM standards, and incorporate reviews of government environmental databases. The transaction screen, often called a pre-Phase I or Phase Zero, is an information-gathering process consisting of a questionnaire completed by a knowledgeable party, a nontechnical site inspection and a review of government environmental records. A limited historical investigation of fire insurance maps or contact with the local fire marshal, who typically maintains records of leaking USTs, is included. Emphasis on information review helps corporate real estate executives maintain organized information gathering an analysis systems.

  5. ASTM Standards for Reactor Dosimetry and Pressure Vessel Surveillance

    SciTech Connect

    GRIFFIN, PATRICK J.

    1999-09-14

    The ASTM standards provide guidance and instruction on how to field and interpret reactor dosimetry. They provide a roadmap towards understanding the current ''state-of-the-art'' in reactor dosimetry, as reflected by the technical community. The consensus basis to the ASTM standards assures the user of an unbiased presentation of technical procedures and interpretations of the measurements. Some insight into the types of standards and the way in which they are organized can assist one in using them in an expeditious manner. Two example are presented to help orient new users to the breadth and interrelationship between the ASTM nuclear metrology standards. One example involves the testing of a new ''widget'' to verify the radiation hardness. The second example involves quantifying the radiation damage at a pressure vessel critical weld location through surveillance dosimetry and calculation.

  6. Standard specification for glass fiber felt thermal insulation. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1997-01-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-16 on Thermal Insulation and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C16.23 on Blanket and Loose Fill Insulation. Current edition approved Dec. 10, 1996. Published January 1997. Originally published as C 1086-87. Last previous edition was C 1086-90a.

  7. Standard classification of coals by rank. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    This classification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-5 on Coal and Coke and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D05.18 on Classification of Coals. The current edition was approved on Sep. 10, 1998. It was published in November 1998. It was originally published as D 388-34T. The last previous edition D 388-98.

  8. Standard specification for nickel alloy forgings. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-03-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Dec. 10, 1997. Published March 1998. Originally published as B 564-72. Last previous edition B 564-97.

  9. Standard classification for rubber compounding materials -- ground coal. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1993-05-01

    This classification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-11 Rubber and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D11.20 on Compounding Materials and Procedures. The current edition was approved on Mar. 15, 1993. It was published in May 1993. It was reapproved 1998.

  10. Standard specification for nickel-molybdenum alloy rod. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 335-58T. Last previous edition was B 335-95.

  11. Standard specification for nuclear grade zirconium oxide pellets. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-26 on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C26.03 on Neutron Absorber Materials Specifications. Current edition approved May 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as C 1066-86. Last previous edition C 1066-92.

  12. Standard specification for UNS N08367 welded tube. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 676-80. Last previous edition was B 676-96.

  13. Standard specification for castings, nickel and nickel alloy. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.18 on Castings. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1998. Published November 1998. Originally published as B 332-58T. Redesignated as A 494 in 1963. Last previous edition A 494/A 494M-94.

  14. Nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum-copper alloy rod. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1997. Published February 1998. Originally published as B581-73. Last previous edition B581-93.

  15. Standard specification for nuclear grade hafnium oxide pellets. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-26 on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C26.03 on Neutron Absorber Materials Specifications. Current edition approved May 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as C 1076-87. Last previous edition C 1076-92.

  16. HACCP: Integrating Science and Management through ASTM Standards

    EPA Science Inventory

    From a technical perspective, hazard analysis-critical control point (HACCP) evaluation may be considered a risk management tool suited to a wide range of applications. As one outcome of a symposium convened by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in August, 2005, th...

  17. Standard specification for carbon and alloy steel nuts. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-16 on Fasteners and is the responsibility of Subcommittee F16.02 on Steel Bolts, Nuts, Rivets, and Washers. Current edition approved Dec. 10, 1997. Published July 1998. Originally published as A 563-66. Last previous edition A 563-96.

  18. Development of ASTM standards in support of advanced ceramics development

    SciTech Connect

    Brinkman, C.R.; Quinn, G.D.; McClung, R.W.

    1993-01-01

    The ASTM Committee C-28 on Advanced Ceramics was organized in 1986 when it became apparent that ceramics were being considered for extensive use in such applications as heat engines in the automotive and aerospace industries. It was determined that these standards should be written for the production, inspection, testing, data analysis, reliability, and probabilistic design for utilization of advanced ceramics. Advanced ceramics include both monolithic and composite materials. The ASTM Committee C-28 is organized into five subcommittees as follows: Properties and performance, design and evaluation, characterization and processing, ceramic composites, and nomenclature. A summary overview is given of work performed to date and ongoing efforts in developing standards by these various subcommittees.

  19. Verification of the ASTM G-124 Purge Equation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robbins, Katherine E.; Davis, Samuel Eddie

    2009-01-01

    ASTM G-124 seeks to evaluate combustion characteristics of metals in high-purity (greater than 99%) oxygen atmospheres. ASTM G-124 provides the following equation to determine the minimum number of purges required to reach this level of purity in a test chamber: n = -4/log10(Pa/Ph), where "n" is the total number of purge cycles required, Ph is the absolute pressure used for the purge on each cycle and Pa is the atmospheric pressure or the vent pressure. The origin of this equation is not known and has been the source of frequent questions as to its accuracy and reliability. This paper shows the derivation of the G-124 purge equation, and experimentally explores the equation to determine if it accurately predicts the number of cycles required.

  20. Corrosion potential for aluminum alloys measured by ASTM G 69

    SciTech Connect

    Burleigh, T.D. ); Bovard, F.S. ); Rennick, R.C.

    1993-08-01

    ASTM G 69, [open quotes]Standard Practice for Measurement of Corrosion Potentials of Aluminum Alloys[close quotes], is a useful method to discern the temper of a given aluminum alloy. Corrosion potentials (E[sub corr]) often can be used to differentiate between different alloys since copper or zinc in solid solution will cause significant differences in E[sub corr]. Measured E[sub corr] of various aluminum alloys and other non-aluminum metals were listed.

  1. An Automated Safe-to-Mate (ASTM) Tester

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Phuc; Scott, Michelle; Leung, Alan; Lin, Michael; Johnson, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Safe-to-mate testing is a common hardware safety practice where impedance measurements are made on unpowered hardware to verify isolation, continuity, or impedance between pins of an interface connector. A computer-based instrumentation solution has been developed to resolve issues. The ASTM is connected to the circuit under test, and can then quickly, safely, and reliably safe-to-mate the entire connector, or even multiple connectors, at the same time.

  2. ASTM International Workshop on Standards & Measurements for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds

    PubMed Central

    Simon, Carl G.; Yaszemski, Michael J.; Ratcliffe, Anthony; Tomlins, Paul; Luginbuehl, Reto; Tesk, John A.

    2016-01-01

    The “Workshop on Standards & Measurements for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds” was held on May 21, 2013 in Indianapolis, IN and was sponsored by the ASTM International (ASTM). The purpose of the workshop was to identify the highest priority items for future standards work for scaffolds used in the development and manufacture of tissue engineered medical products (TEMPs). Eighteen speakers and 78 attendees met to assess current scaffold standards and to prioritize needs for future standards. A key finding was that the ASTM TEMPs subcommittees (F04.41-46) have many active “guide” documents for educational purposes, but that few standard “test methods” or “practices” have been published. Overwhelmingly, the most clearly identified need was standards for measuring the structure of scaffolds, followed by standards for biological characterization, including in vitro testing, animal models and cell-material interactions. The third most pressing need was to develop standards for assessing the mechanical properties of scaffolds. Additional needs included standards for assessing scaffold degradation, clinical outcomes with scaffolds, effects of sterilization on scaffolds, scaffold composition and drug release from scaffolds. Discussions also highlighted the need for additional scaffold reference materials and the need to use them for measurement traceability. Finally, dialogue emphasized the needs to promote the use of standards in scaffold fabrication, characterization, and commercialization and to assess the use and impact of standards in the TEMPs community. Many scaffold standard needs have been identified and focus should now turn to generating these standards to support the use of scaffolds in TEMPs. PMID:25220952

  3. Recommendations for fluorescence instrument qualification: the new ASTM Standard Guide.

    PubMed

    DeRose, Paul C; Resch-Genger, Ute

    2010-03-01

    Aimed at improving quality assurance and quantitation for modern fluorescence techniques, ASTM International (ASTM) is about to release a Standard Guide for Fluorescence, reviewed here. The guide's main focus is on steady state fluorometry, for which available standards and instrument characterization procedures are discussed along with their purpose, suitability, and general instructions for use. These include the most relevant instrument properties needing qualification, such as linearity and spectral responsivity of the detection system, spectral irradiance reaching the sample, wavelength accuracy, sensitivity or limit of detection for an analyte, and day-to-day performance verification. With proper consideration of method-inherent requirements and limitations, many of these procedures and standards can be adapted to other fluorescence techniques. In addition, procedures for the determination of other relevant fluorometric quantities including fluorescence quantum yields and fluorescence lifetimes are briefly introduced. The guide is a clear and concise reference geared for users of fluorescence instrumentation at all levels of experience and is intended to aid in the ongoing standardization of fluorescence measurements. PMID:20136134

  4. Measuring the Real Fracture Toughness of Ceramics: ASTM C 1421

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salem, Jonathan; Quinn, George; Jenkins, Michael

    ASTM C 1421 "Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature" is a high-quality, technicallyrigorous, full-consensus standard that may have finally answered the question, "What is the 'real' fracture toughness of ceramics?" This document was eight years in the actual standardization process (although an estimated two decades of preparation work may have preceded the actual standardization process). Three different types of notch/crack geometries are employed in flexure beams: single edge precracked beam (SEPB); chevron-notched beam (CNB), and surface crack in flexure (SCF). Extensive experimental, analytical, and numerical evaluations were conducted in order to mitigate interferences that frequently lower the accuracy of fracture toughness test results. Several round robins (e.g. Versailles Advanced Materials and Standards {VAMAS}) verified and validated the choice of dimensions and test parameters included in the standard. In addition, the standard reference material NIST SRM 2100 was developed and can be used in concert with ASTM C 1421 to validate a fracture toughness test setup or test protocol.

  5. Standard practice for handling densified articles of aluminum oxide reinforced with silicon carbide whiskers. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E-34 on Occupational Health and Safety and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E34.70 on Single Crystal Ceramic Whiskers. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998. Published June 1998. Originally published as E 1435-91. Last previous edition E 1435-91. Copyright American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428, USA. This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM.

  6. Standard test method for vinyl chloride in workplace atmospheres (charcoal tube method). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-22 on Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D22.04 on Workplace Atmospheres. Current edition approved May 10, 1998. Published July 1998. Originally published as D 4766-88. Last previous edition D 4766-88(1993). Copyright American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428, USA. This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM.

  7. Discussion on FRP design properties based on flexural tests (ASTM D-790) and tensile tests (ASTM D-638)

    SciTech Connect

    Clark, J.M.

    1996-11-01

    Tensile and flexural test results on the same laminate can have significant difference with the reported flexural strength being up to 100% greater than the tensile strength using the standard ASTM reporting methods. Taken at face value, these results can lead to nonconservative designs. The flexural test method is much simpler and less expensive, but must be used with a clear understanding of how they were computed and with sound engineering judgment since the flexural strength is calculated with linear bending theory at failure loads that are usually in the nonlinear range. This is significant since the general accepted design practice is to use linear theory in the design of FRP equipment. Manufacturers reporting this value should thus have a clear understanding of the difference between the reported results for flexural strength and the required design strength. This paper shows how to determine the proper design value from a flexural test which results in safe designs of FRP equipment and shows that the reported flexural strength from the ASTM D-790 method should not be used in design of FRP equipment.

  8. Interpreting the ASTM 'content standard for digital geospatial metadata'

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nebert, Douglas D.

    1996-01-01

    ASTM and the Federal Geographic Data Committee have developed a content standard for spatial metadata to facilitate documentation, discovery, and retrieval of digital spatial data using vendor-independent terminology. Spatial metadata elements are identifiable quality and content characteristics of a data set that can be tied to a geographic location or area. Several Office of Management and Budget Circulars and initiatives have been issued that specify improved cataloguing of and accessibility to federal data holdings. An Executive Order further requires the use of the metadata content standard to document digital spatial data sets. Collection and reporting of spatial metadata for field investigations performed for the federal government is an anticipated requirement. This paper provides an overview of the draft spatial metadata content standard and a description of how the standard could be applied to investigations collecting spatially-referenced field data.

  9. Biocompatibility of metal injection molded versus wrought ASTM F562 (MP35N) and ASTM F1537 (CCM) cobalt alloys.

    PubMed

    Chen, Hao; Sago, Alan; West, Shari; Farina, Jeff; Eckert, John; Broadley, Mark

    2011-01-01

    We present a comparative analysis between biocompatibility test results of wrought and Metal Injection Molded (MIM) ASTM F562-02 UNS R30035 (MP35N) and F1537 UNS R31538 (CCM) alloy samples that have undergone the same generic orthopedic implant's mechanical, chemical surface pre-treatment, and a designed pre-testing sample preparation method. Because the biocompatibility properties resulting from this new MIM cobalt alloy process are not well understood, we conducted tests to evaluate cytotoxicity (in vitro), hemolysis (in vitro), toxicity effects (in vivo), tissue irritation level (in vivo), and pyrogenicity count (in vitro) on such samples. We show that our developed MIM MP35N and CCM materials and treatment processes are biocompatible, and that both the MIM and wrought samples, although somewhat different in microstructure and surface, do not show significant differences in biocompatibility. PMID:21537059

  10. 47 CFR 95.1509 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may be inspected at the Federal Communications Commission, 445... Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control... 19428-2959. Copies may also be obtained from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  11. 47 CFR 95.1509 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may be inspected at the Federal Communications Commission, 445... Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control... 19428-2959. Copies may also be obtained from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  12. 47 CFR 95.1509 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may be inspected at the Federal Communications Commission, 445... Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control... 19428-2959. Copies may also be obtained from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  13. 47 CFR 95.1509 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard. 95.1509 Section 95.1509 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES Dedicated Short-Range Communications Service On-Board Units (DSRCS-OBUs) § 95.1509 ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard....

  14. 47 CFR 95.1509 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may be inspected at the Federal Communications Commission, 445... Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control... 19428-2959. Copies may also be obtained from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org....

  15. Laser induced damage in optical materials: 8th ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Glass, A J; Guenther, A H

    1977-05-01

    The Eighth Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was hosted by the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, from 13 to 15 July 1976. The Symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Energy Research and Development Administration, and the Office of Naval Research. About 160 scientists attended the Symposium, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and Brazil. The Symposium was divided into five half-day sessions concerning Bulk Material Properties and Thermal Behavior, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Film Properties, Thin Film Damage, and Scaling Laws and Fundamental Mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the Symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to new materials for use at 10.6 microm in mirror substrates, windo s, and coatings. New techniques in film deposition and advances in diamond-turning of optics were described. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength were discussed. Alexander J. Glass of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory were co-chairpersons of the Symposium. The Ninth Annual Symposium is scheduled for 4-6 October 1977 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado. PMID:20168679

  16. Laser-induced damage in optical materials: sixteenth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Bennett, H E; Guenther, A H; Milam, D; Newnam, B E

    1987-03-01

    The Sixteenth Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, CO, 15-17 Oct. 1984. The Symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Department of Energy, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Approximately 180 scientists attended the Symposium, including representatives from England, France, The Netherlands, Scotland, and West Germany. The Symposium was divided into sessions concerning Materials and Measurements, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Films, and Fundamental Mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the Symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for high-power apparatus. The wavelength range of prime interest was from 10.6,microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin-film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. Harold E. Bennett of the U.S. Naval Weapons Center, Arthur H. Guenther of the U.S. Air Force Weapons Laboratory, David Milam of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos National Laboratory were cochairmen of the Symposium. PMID:20454228

  17. Laser induced damage in optical materials: ninth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Glass, A J; Guenther, A H

    1978-08-01

    The Ninth Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 4-6 October 1977. The symposium was under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Department of Energy (formerly ERDA), and the Office of Naval Research. About 185 scientists attended, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Australia, Union of South Africa, and the Soviet Union. The Symposium was divided into sessions concerning Laser Windows and Materials, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Films, Laser Glass and Glass Lasers, and Fundamental Mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for use from 10.6 microm to the uv region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength were also discussed. Alexander J. Glass of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory were co-chairpersons. The Tenth Annual Symposium is scheduled for 12-14 September 1978 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado. PMID:20203792

  18. Development of an ASTM Graphite Oxidation Test Method

    SciTech Connect

    Contescu, Cristian I; Baker, Frederick S; Burchell, Timothy D

    2006-01-01

    Oxidation behavior of graphite is of practical interest because of extended use of graphite materials in nuclear reactors. High temperature gas-cooled reactors are expected to become the nuclear reactors of the next generation. The most critical factor in their safe operation is an air-ingress accident, in which case the graphite materials in the moderator and reflector would come in contact with oxygen at a high temperature. Many results on graphite oxidation have been obtained from TGA measurements using commercial instruments, with sample sizes of a few hundred milligrams. They have demonstrated that graphite oxidation is in kinetic control regime at low temperatures, but becomes diffusion-limited at high temperatures. These effects are better understood from measurement results with large size samples, on which the shape and structural factors that control diffusion can be more clearly evidenced. An ASTM test for characterization of oxidation resistance of machined carbon and graphite materials is being developed with ORNL participation. The test recommends the use of large machined samples (~ 20 grams) in a dry air flow system. We will report on recent results and progress in this direction.

  19. Model of ASTM Flammability Test in Microgravity: Iron Rods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steinberg, Theodore A; Stoltzfus, Joel M.; Fries, Joseph (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    There is extensive qualitative results from burning metallic materials in a NASA/ASTM flammability test system in normal gravity. However, this data was shown to be inconclusive for applications involving oxygen-enriched atmospheres under microgravity conditions by conducting tests using the 2.2-second Lewis Research Center (LeRC) Drop Tower. Data from neither type of test has been reduced to fundamental kinetic and dynamic systems parameters. This paper reports the initial model analysis for burning iron rods under microgravity conditions using data obtained at the LERC tower and modeling the burning system after ignition. Under the conditions of the test the burning mass regresses up the rod to be detached upon deceleration at the end of the drop. The model describes the burning system as a semi-batch, well-mixed reactor with product accumulation only. This model is consistent with the 2.0-second duration of the test. Transient temperature and pressure measurements are made on the chamber volume. The rod solid-liquid interface melting rate is obtained from film records. The model consists of a set of 17 non-linear, first-order differential equations which are solved using MATLAB. This analysis confirms that a first-order rate, in oxygen concentration, is consistent for the iron-oxygen kinetic reaction. An apparent activation energy of 246.8 kJ/mol is consistent for this model.

  20. Fracture Toughness of Advanced Structural Ceramics: Applying ASTM C1421

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Swab, Jeffrey J.; Tice, Jason; Wereszczak, Andrew A.; Kraft, Reuben H.

    2014-11-03

    The three methods of determining the quasi-static Mode I fracture toughness (KIc) (surface crack in flexure – SC, single-edge precracked beam – PB, and chevron notched beam – VB) found in ASTM C1421 were applied to a variety of advanced ceramic materials. All three methods produced valid and comparable KIc values for the Al2O3, SiC, Si3N4 and SiAlON ceramics examined. However, not all methods could successfully be applied to B4C, ZrO2 and WC ceramics due to a variety of material factors. The coarse-grained microstructure of one B4C hindered the ability to observe and measure the precracks generated in the SCmore » and PB methods while the transformation toughening in the ZrO2 prevented the formation of the SC and PB precracks and thus made it impossible to use either method on this ceramic. The high strength and elastic modulus of the WC made it impossible to achieve stable crack growth using the VB method because the specimen stored a tremendous amount of energy prior to fracture. Even though these methods have passed the rigors of the standardization process there are still some issues to be resolved when the methods are applied to certain classes of ceramics. We recommend that at least two of these methods be employed to determine the KIc, especially when a new or unfamiliar ceramic is being evaluated.« less

  1. 77 FR 10358 - Acceptance of ASTM F963-11 as a Mandatory Consumer Product Safety Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ... ASTM F963-11 standard titled, Standard Consumer Safety Specifications for Toy Safety. Pursuant to... 110-314, made the provisions of ASTM F963-07, Standard Consumer Safety Specifications for Toy Safety... toy chests). The requirements of ASTM F963-08 became effective on August 16, 2009, except for...

  2. Standard specification for steel, sheet, carbon, for pressure vessels. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.19 on Sheet Steel and Strip. Current edition approved Jun. 10, 1998. Published September 1998. Originally published as A 414-71. Last previous edition A 414/A 414M-97. Copyright American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428, USA. This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM.

  3. Laser induced damage in optical materials: tenth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Glass, A J; Guenther, A H

    1979-07-01

    The tenth annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 12-14 September 1978. The symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Department of Energy, and the Office of Naval Research. About 175 scientists attended, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Japan, West Germany, and the Soviet Union. The symposium was divided into sessions concerning the measurement of absorption characteristics, bulk material properties, mirrors and surfaces, thin film damage, coating materials and design, and breakdown phenomena. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for use from 10.6 microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength was also discussed. In commemoration of the tenth symposium in this series, a number of comprehensive review papers were presented to assess the state of the art in various facets of laser induced damage in optical materials. Alexander J. Glass of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory were co-chairpersons. The eleventh annual symposium is scheduled for 30-31 October 1979 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado. PMID:20212622

  4. Laser induced damage in optical materials: eleventh ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Bennett, H E; Glass, A J; Guenther, A H; Newnam, B

    1980-07-15

    The eleventh Symposium on Optical Materials for High-Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 30-31 October 1979. The symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Department of Energy, and the Office of Naval Research. About 150 scientists attended the symposium, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Japan, West Germany, and Denmark. The symposium was divided into sessions concerning transparent optical materials and the measurement of their properties, mirrors and surfaces, thin film characteristics, thin film damage, considerations for high-power systems, and finally theory and breakdown. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for high-power apparatus. The wavelength range of prime interest was from 10.6 microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength was discussed in detail. Harold E. Bennett of the Naval Weapons Center, Alexander J. Glass of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, and Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory were cochairpersons. The twelfth annual symposium is scheduled for 30 September-1 October 1980 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado. PMID:20234423

  5. Laser induced damage in optical materials: twelfth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Bennett, H E; Glass, A J; Guenther, A H; Newnam, B

    1981-09-01

    The twelfth annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 30 Sept.-l Oct., 1980. The symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-l, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Department of Energy, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific research. Over 150 scientists attended the symposium, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Japan, and West Germany. The symposium was divided into sessions concerning materials and measurements, mirrors and surfaces, thin films, and finally fundamental mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for high power systems. The wavelength range of prime interest was from 10.6 microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength was discussed in detail. Harold E. Bennett of the Naval Weapons Center, Alexander J. Glass of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, and Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos National Laboratory were cochairmen of the symposium. The thirteenth annual symposium is scheduled for 17-18 Nov. 1981 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado. PMID:20333088

  6. Fracture Toughness of Advanced Structural Ceramics: Applying ASTM C1421

    SciTech Connect

    Swab, Jeffrey J.; Tice, Jason; Wereszczak, Andrew A.; Kraft, Reuben H.

    2014-11-03

    The three methods of determining the quasi-static Mode I fracture toughness (KIc) (surface crack in flexure – SC, single-edge precracked beam – PB, and chevron notched beam – VB) found in ASTM C1421 were applied to a variety of advanced ceramic materials. All three methods produced valid and comparable KIc values for the Al2O3, SiC, Si3N4 and SiAlON ceramics examined. However, not all methods could successfully be applied to B4C, ZrO2 and WC ceramics due to a variety of material factors. The coarse-grained microstructure of one B4C hindered the ability to observe and measure the precracks generated in the SC and PB methods while the transformation toughening in the ZrO2 prevented the formation of the SC and PB precracks and thus made it impossible to use either method on this ceramic. The high strength and elastic modulus of the WC made it impossible to achieve stable crack growth using the VB method because the specimen stored a tremendous amount of energy prior to fracture. Even though these methods have passed the rigors of the standardization process there are still some issues to be resolved when the methods are applied to certain classes of ceramics. We recommend that at least two of these methods be employed to determine the KIc, especially when a new or unfamiliar ceramic is being evaluated.

  7. Guide to ASTM test methods for the analysis of coal and coke

    SciTech Connect

    R.A. Kishore Nadkarni

    2008-07-01

    The guide includes brief descriptions of all 56 ASTM test methods that cover the physical, chemical, and spectroscopic analytical techniques to qualitatively and quantitatively identify over 40 chemical and physical properties of coal, coke, their products, and by-products.

  8. Proceedings of the ASTM 8th international symposium zirconium in the nuclear industry

    SciTech Connect

    Van Swam, L.F.P.; Eucken, C.M.

    1989-01-01

    This book contains the proceedings of the ASTM 8th international symposium on zirconium in the nuclear industry. Topics covered include: Behavior of pressure tubes, Corrosion, Nodular corrosion, Basic metallurgy, and Creep and growth.

  9. Guide for measurement of ionizing dose-rate burnout of semiconductor devices. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-01

    This guide is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-1 on Electronics and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F01.11 on Quality and Hardness Assurance. Current edition approved May 10, 1998 and published July 1998.

  10. Standard specification for centrifugally cast austenitic steel pipe for high-temperature service. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1993-12-01

    This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM. This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.18 on Castings. Current edition approved Oct. 25, 1993. Published December 1993. Originally published as A 451-61T. Last previous edition was A 451-92. Reapproved 1997.

  11. Comparison of attrition test methods: ASTM standard fluidized bed vs jet cup

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, R.; Goodwin, J.G. Jr.; Jothimurugesan, K.; Spivey, J.J.; Gangwal, S.K.

    2000-05-01

    Attrition resistance is one of the key design parameters for catalysts used in fluidized-bed and slurry phase types of reactors. The ASTM fluidized-bed test has been one of the most commonly used attrition resistance evaluation methods; however, it requires the use of 50 g samples--a large amount for catalyst development studies. Recently a test using the jet cup requiring only 5 g samples has been proposed. In the present study, two series of spray-dried iron catalysts were evaluated using both the ASTM fluidized-bed test and a test based on the jet cup to determine this comparability. It is shown that the two tests give comparable results. This paper, by reporting a comparison of the jet-cup test with the ASTM standard, provides a basis for utilizing the more efficient jet cup with confidence in catalyst attrition studies.

  12. Field data on testing of natural gas vehicle (NGV) containers using proposed ASTM standard test method for examination of gas-filled filament-wound pressure vessels using acoustic emission (ASTM-E070403-95/1)

    SciTech Connect

    Fultineer, R.D. Jr.; Mitchell, J.R.

    1999-07-01

    There are many composite wrapped pressure vessels in service. These containers are most widely used for gas storage in natural gas vehicles (NGV). A standard has been developed for the testing of these vessels by the subcommittee ASTM E07.04.03 Acoustic Emission (AE) applications. The AE test method is supported by both field test data and laboratory destructive testing. The test method describes a global volumetric testing technique which is offered as an alternative to the current practice of visual inspection.

  13. An evaluation of efforts by nuclear power plants to use ASTM D3803-89

    SciTech Connect

    Freeman, W.P.

    1995-02-01

    The number of nuclear power plants are now using ASTM D3803-89, {open_quotes}Standard Test Method for Nuclear-Grade Activated Carbon{close_quotes} for routine surveillance testing of adsorbents. In order to judge the impact of this change, we have gathered radioiodine removal test results from our data base on a system-by-system basis (i.e. control room, technical support center, and spent fuel pool) and compared test results obtained for the same kind of systems using the new and older test methods. Included in this comparison are systems with and without humidity control. Results are discussed from the standpoint of what to expect if a change to testing using ASTM D3803-89 is contemplated, especially regarding test results in light existing acceptance criteria. Additionally, the results are discussed from the standpoint of the sensitivity of the ASTM test method to detect when the performance of the carbon in air cleaning systems has been compromised (compared to the older methods). Finally, we offer some suggestions for how other plants might upgrade their carbon testing to incorporate testing to ASTM D3803-89.

  14. 78 FR 64248 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-28

    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--ASTM... National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''),...

  15. ASTM D1076 CATEGORY 4 LATEX AND QUANTIFYING GUAYULE (NRG) AND HEVEA (NR) LATEX PROTEIN

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Guayule latex is commercially available as a low protein natural rubber latex (Yulex®) which does not contain any protein that can be detected by the ASTM D6499 antigenic protein standard developed to quantify Hevea natural rubber latex (NRL) antigenic protein. In this paper, we discuss how best to...

  16. Total chemically bound nitrogen in water by pyrolysis and chemiluminescence detection. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1992-02-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee on Water and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D19.06 on Methods for Analysis for Organic Substances in Water. Current edition approved Sept. 15, 1991. Published February 1992.

  17. Standard specification for nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum-copper alloy plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 582-73. Last previous edition was B 582-92.

  18. Standard specification for nonoriented electrical steel, fully processed types (metric). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-6 on Magnetic Properties and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A06.02 on Materials Specifications. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as A 677M-83. Last previous edition was A 677M-96.

  19. Standard specification for castings, zirconium-base, corrosion resistant, for general application. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.05 on Castings. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 752-85. Last previous edition was B 752-91(1995).

  20. Standard specification for nuclear-grade aluminum oxide powder. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-26 on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C26.03 on Neutron Absorber Materials Specifications. Current edition approved May 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as C 1031-84. Last previous edition C 1031-90.

  1. Standard specification for tantalum and tantalum alloy plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.03 on Niobium and Tantalum. Current edition approved May 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 708-82. Last previous edition was B 708-92.

  2. Standard specification for high-strength low-alloy structural steel. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.02 on Structural Steel for Bridges, Buildings, Rolling Stock, and Ships. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1998. Published December 1998.

  3. Standard specification for forged carbon and alloy steel flanges for low-temperature service. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.22 on Steel Forgings and Wrought Fittings for Piping Applications and Bolting Materials for Piping and Special Purpose Applications. Current edition approved Mar. 10, 1998 and published October 1998.

  4. Standard specification for nickel-molybdenum alloy plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1998 and published November 1998. Originally published as B 333-58T. Last previous edition was B 333-95a.

  5. Standard specification for alloy/steel bolting materials for low-temperature service. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.22 on Steel Forgings and Wrought Fittings for Piping Applications and Bolting Materials for Piping and Special Purpose Applications. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1997 and published September 1998.

  6. Standard specification for cobalt-chromium-nickel-molybdenum-tungsten alloy (UNS R31233) rod. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 815-91. Last previous edition was B 815-91.

  7. Standard specification for alloy-steel bolting materials for special applications. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.22 on Steel Forgings and Wrought Fittings for Piping Applications and Bolting Materials for Piping and Special Purpose Applications. Current edition approved Mar. 10, 1998 and published September 1998.

  8. Standard specification for thermoplastic gas pressure pipe, tubing, and fittings. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-17 on Plastic Piping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.60 on Gas. The current edition was approved May 10, 1998 and published October 1998. It was originally published as D 2513-66. The last previous edition was D 2513-97.

  9. Standard specification for non-oriented electrical steel fully processed types. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-6 on Magnetic Properties and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A06.02 on Materials Specifications. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as A 677-73. Last previous edition A 677-96.

  10. Standard specification for zirconium and zirconium alloy sheet, strip, and plate for nuclear application. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-04-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.02 on Zirconium and Hafnium. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1997. Published April 1998. Originally published as B 352-60T. Last previous edition B 352-92.

  11. Fracture Toughness Properties of Savannah River Site Storage Tank ASTM A285 Low Carbon Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Subramanian, K.H.

    2002-05-22

    A materials test program was developed to measure mechanical properties of ASTM A285 Grade B low carbon steel for application to structural and flaw stability analysis of storage tanks at the Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS). Under this plan, fracture toughness and tensile testing are being performed at conditions that are representative of storage tank

  12. Standard specification for tantalum and tantalum alloy rod and wire. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.03 on Niobium and Tantalum. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published October 1998. Originally published as B 365-61T. Last previous edition was B 365-92.

  13. Standard specification for steel strand, uncoated seven-wire for prestressed concrete. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.05 on Steel Reinforcement. Current edition approved May 10, 1998. Published December 1998. Originally published as A 416-57T. Last previous edition A 416-97.

  14. Standard specification for spray-applied rigid cellular polyurethane thermal insulation. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1996-11-01

    DoD adopted. This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-16 on Thermal Insulation and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C16.22 on Organic and Nonhomogeneous Inorganic Thermal Insulations. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1996. Published November 1996. Originally published as C 1029-85. Last previous edition was C 1029-90.

  15. Applications of ASTM Standard E 1457 - The high temperature crack growth standard

    SciTech Connect

    Saxena, A. )

    1993-03-01

    The ASTM Committee on Fracture Testing has developed Standard E 1457, 'Method for the Measurement of Creep Crack Growth Rates in Metals'. This Standard gives attention to the effect of elevated-temperature service life, and is pertinent to such materials as the high temperature Al alloys being contemplated for the High Speed Civil Transport and the NASP structure's intermetallics. 8 refs.

  16. Standard specification for tantalum and tantalum alloy seamless and welded tubes. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.03 on Niobium and Tantalum. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 521-70. Last previous edition was B 521-92.

  17. Standard specification for alloy steel forgings for nonmagnetic retaining rings for generators. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.06 on Steel Forgings and Billets. Current edition approved Nov. 10, 1997 and published August 1998. Originally published as A 289-46. Last previous edition was A 289-94.

  18. Standard specification for nickel-molybdenum alloy plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997. Published February 1998. Originally published as B 333-58T. Last previous edition B 333-95a.

  19. Standard descriptive nomenclature of constituents of aggregates for radiation-shielding concrete. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1992-05-01

    This nomenclature is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-9 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C09.41 on Concrete for Radiation Shielding. Current edition approved Mar. 15, 1992 and published May 1992. Originally published as C 638-73. Last previous edition was C 638-84(1990). It was reapproved 1997.

  20. Standard specification for anchor bolts, steel, 36, 55, and 105-ksi yield strength. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-16 on Fasteners and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F16.02 on Steel Bolts, Nuts, Rivets, and Washers. Current edition approved Dec. 10, 1997 and published July 1998. Originally published as F 1554-94. Last previous edition was F 1554-94.

  1. Standard specification for zirconium and zirconium alloy strip, sheet, and plate. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.02 on Zirconium and Hafnium. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as B 551-71. Last previous edition B 551-92.

  2. Standard practice for conducting moist SO{sub 2} tests. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee G-1 on Corrosion of Metals and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee G01.05 on Laboratory Corrosion Tests. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published November 1998. Originally published as G 87-97. Last previous edition was G 87-97.

  3. Standard specification for general requirements for steel plates for pressure vessels. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.11 on Steel Plates for Boilers and Pressure Vessels. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1997. Published November 1998. Originally published as A 20-50T. Last previous edition A 20/A 20M-97a.

  4. Comparative field permeability measurement of permeable pavements using ASTM C1701 and NCAT permeameter methods.

    PubMed

    Li, Hui; Kayhanian, Masoud; Harvey, John T

    2013-03-30

    Fully permeable pavement is gradually gaining support as an alternative best management practice (BMP) for stormwater runoff management. As the use of these pavements increases, a definitive test method is needed to measure hydraulic performance and to evaluate clogging, both for performance studies and for assessment of permeability for construction quality assurance and maintenance needs assessment. Two of the most commonly used permeability measurement tests for porous asphalt and pervious concrete are the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) permeameter and ASTM C1701, respectively. This study was undertaken to compare measured values for both methods in the field on a variety of permeable pavements used in current practice. The field measurements were performed using six experimental section designs with different permeable pavement surface types including pervious concrete, porous asphalt and permeable interlocking concrete pavers. Multiple measurements were performed at five locations on each pavement test section. The results showed that: (i) silicone gel is a superior sealing material to prevent water leakage compared with conventional plumbing putty; (ii) both methods (NCAT and ASTM) can effectively be used to measure the permeability of all pavement types and the surface material type will not impact the measurement precision; (iii) the permeability values measured with the ASTM method were 50-90% (75% on average) lower than those measured with the NCAT method; (iv) the larger permeameter cylinder diameter used in the ASTM method improved the reliability and reduced the variability of the measured permeability. PMID:23434738

  5. Combustion Gas Properties I-ASTM Jet a Fuel and Dry Air

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, R. E.; Trout, A. M.; Wear, J. D.; Mcbride, B. J.

    1984-01-01

    A series of computations was made to produce the equilibrium temperature and gas composition for ASTM jet A fuel and dry air. The computed tables and figures provide combustion gas property data for pressures from 0.5 to 50 atmospheres and equivalence ratios from 0 to 2.0.

  6. Standard practice for use of scrap tires in civil engineering applications. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-34 on Biotechnology and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D34.06 on Recovery and Reuse. The current edition was approved on Jun. 10, 1998. It was published in August 1998.

  7. Standard test method for resistance of concrete to rapid freezing and thawing. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-9 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C09.67 on Resistance of Concrete to Its Environment. Current edition approved Jun. 10, 1997 and published June 1998. Originally published as C 666-71. Last previous edition was C 666-92.

  8. Standard specification for fibrous glass duct lining insulation (thermal and sound absorbing material). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-16 on Thermal Insulation and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C16.23 on Blanket and Loose Fill Insulation. Current edition approved Jan. 10, 1998 and published June 1998. It was originally published as C 1071-86. The last previous edition was C 1071-91.

  9. Manual sampling of coal from tops of railroad cars. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1989-08-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-5 on Coal and Coke and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D05.23 on Coal Sampling. The current edition was approved July 24, 1989 and published in August 1989.

  10. PROPOSED ASTM METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF ASBESTOS IN AIR BY TEM AND INFORMATION ON INTERFERING FIBERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The draft of the ASTM Test Method for air entitled: "Airborne Asbestos Concentration in Ambient and Indoor Atmospheres as Determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy Direct Transfer (TEM)" (ASTM Z7077Z) is an adaptation of the International Standard, ISO 10312. It is currently...

  11. Overview of ASTM standard activities in support of advanced structural ceramics development

    SciTech Connect

    Brinkman, C.R.; Quinn, G.D.; McClung, R.W.

    1995-07-01

    An overview is presented of the activities of ASTM Committee C-28 on Advanced Ceramics. This activity originated in 1986 when it became apparent that advanced ceramics were being considered for extensive use in applications such as advanced heat engines, heat exchangers, combustors, etc. in aerospace and energy conservation activities. These applications require optimum material behavior with physical and mechanical property reproducibility, component reliability, and well defined methods of data treatment and material analysis for both monolithic and composite ceramic materials. As new materials are introduced into the market place, these issues are best dealt with via standard methods. Therefore, a progress report is given describing activities of the five standard writing subcommittees who support the ASTM Committee C-28 effort. Accomplishments to date are given, as well as likely future activities, including a brief summary of joint cooperative efforts with international standard formulating organizations.

  12. Results of ASTM round robin testing for mode 1 interlaminar fracture toughness of composite materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Obrien, T. Kevin; Martin, Roderick H.

    1992-01-01

    The results are summarized of several interlaboratory 'round robin' test programs for measuring the mode 1 interlaminar fracture toughness of advanced fiber reinforced composite materials. Double Cantilever Beam (DCB) tests were conducted by participants in ASTM committee D30 on High Modulus Fibers and their Composites and by representatives of the European Group on Fracture (EGF) and the Japanese Industrial Standards Group (JIS). DCB tests were performed on three AS4 carbon fiber reinforced composite materials: AS4/3501-6 with a brittle epoxy matrix; AS4/BP907 with a tough epoxy matrix; and AS4/PEEK with a tough thermoplastic matrix. Difficulties encountered in manufacturing panels, as well as conducting the tests are discussed. Critical issues that developed during the course of the testing are highlighted. Results of the round robin testing used to determine the precision of the ASTM DCB test standard are summarized.

  13. Standard specification for pressure vessel plates, alloy steel, chromium-molybdenum. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1993-03-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.11 on Steel for Boilers and Pressure Vessels. Current edition approved Dec. 15, 1992 and published March 1993. Originally published as A 387-55T. Last previous edition was A 387/A 387M-90a. It was reapproved 1997.

  14. Standard specification for high-strength low-alloy columbium-vanadium structural steel. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    DoD adopted. This guide is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.02 on Structural Steel for Bridges, Buildings, Rolling Stock, and Ships. Current edition approved Dec. 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as A 572-66. Last previous edition A 572/A 572M-97b.

  15. Proposed annex to the ASTM Standard Guide E1676-95, bioaccumulation testing utilizing Eisenia foetida

    SciTech Connect

    Roper, J.; Simmers, J.; Lee, C.; Tatem, H.

    1995-12-31

    A detailed description of the method developed at the Waterways Experiment Station (WES) to determine sediment toxicity utilizing the earthworm, Eisenia foetida. This method has been used successfully in evaluating the target contaminants; metals, PAHs, and PCBs. This procedure is currently a proposed annex to the ASTM Standard Guide E1676-95: Conducting a Laboratory Soil Toxicity Test With The Lumbricid Earthworm, Eisenia foetida.

  16. ASTM international workshop on standards and measurements for tissue engineering scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Simon, Carl G; Yaszemski, Michael J; Ratcliffe, Anthony; Tomlins, Paul; Luginbuehl, Reto; Tesk, John A

    2015-07-01

    The "Workshop on Standards & Measurements for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds" was held on May 21, 2013 in Indianapolis, IN, and was sponsored by the ASTM International (ASTM). The purpose of the workshop was to identify the highest priority items for future standards work for scaffolds used in the development and manufacture of tissue engineered medical products (TEMPs). Eighteen speakers and 78 attendees met to assess current scaffold standards and to prioritize needs for future standards. A key finding was that the ASTM TEMPs subcommittees (F04.41-46) have many active "guide" documents for educational purposes, but few standard "test methods" or "practices." Overwhelmingly, the most clearly identified need was standards for measuring the structure of scaffolds, followed by standards for biological characterization, including in vitro testing, animal models and cell-material interactions. The third most pressing need was to develop standards for assessing the mechanical properties of scaffolds. Additional needs included standards for assessing scaffold degradation, clinical outcomes with scaffolds, effects of sterilization on scaffolds, scaffold composition, and drug release from scaffolds. Discussions highlighted the need for additional scaffold reference materials and the need to use them for measurement traceability. Workshop participants emphasized the need to promote the use of standards in scaffold fabrication, characterization, and commercialization. Finally, participants noted that standards would be more broadly accepted if their impact in the TEMPs community could be quantified. Many scaffold standard needs have been identified and focus is turning to generating these standards to support the use of scaffolds in TEMPs. PMID:25220952

  17. Development of an ASTM standard guide on performing vulnerability assessments for nuclear facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkey, D.D.

    1995-09-01

    This paper describes an effort undertaken by subcommittee C26.12 (Safeguards) of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) to develop a standard guide for performing vulnerability assessments (VAs). VAs are performed to determine the effectiveness of safeguards and security systems for both domestic and international nuclear facilities. These assessments address a range of threats, including theft of nuclear material and sabotage, and use an array of methods. The approach to performing and documenting VAs is varied and is largely dependent upon the tools used to perform them. This diversity can lead to tools being misused, making validation of VAs more difficult. The development of a standard guide for performing VAs would, if generally accepted, alleviate these concerns. ASTM provides a forum for developing guides that includes a high level of peer review to assure that the result is acceptable to all potential users. Additionally, the ASTM is widely recognized for setting standards, and endorsement by the Society may increase the likelihood of acceptance by the nuclear community. The goal of this work is to develop a guide that is independent of the tools being used to perform the VA and applicable to the spectrum of threats described above.

  18. Development of an ASTM standard guide on performing vulnerability assessment for nuclear facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkey, D.D.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes an effort undertaken by subcommittee C26.12 (Safeguards) of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) to develop a standard guide for performing vulnerability assessments (VAs). VAs are performed to determine the effectiveness of safeguards and security systems for both domestic and international nuclear facilities. These assessments address a range of threats, including theft of nuclear material and sabotage, and use an array of methods. The approach to performing and documenting VAs is varied and is largely dependent upon the tools used to perform them. Ibis diversity can lead to tools being misused, making validation of VAs more difficult. The development of a standard guide for performing VAs would, if generally accepted, alleviate these concerns. ASTM provides a forum for developing guides that includes a high level of peer review to assure that the result is acceptable to all potential users. Additionally, the ASTM is widely recognized for setting standards, and endorsement by the Society may increase the likelihood of acceptance by the nuclear community. The goal of this work is to develop a guide that is independent of the tools being used to perform the VA and applicable to the spectrum of threats described above.

  19. CCR+: Metadata Based Extended Personal Health Record Data Model Interoperable with the ASTM CCR Standard

    PubMed Central

    Park, Yu Rang; Yoon, Young Jo; Jang, Tae Hun; Seo, Hwa Jeong

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Extension of the standard model while retaining compliance with it is a challenging issue because there is currently no method for semantically or syntactically verifying an extended data model. A metadata-based extended model, named CCR+, was designed and implemented to achieve interoperability between standard and extended models. Methods Furthermore, a multilayered validation method was devised to validate the standard and extended models. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Community Care Record (CCR) standard was selected to evaluate the CCR+ model; two CCR and one CCR+ XML files were evaluated. Results In total, 188 metadata were extracted from the ASTM CCR standard; these metadata are semantically interconnected and registered in the metadata registry. An extended-data-model-specific validation file was generated from these metadata. This file can be used in a smartphone application (Health Avatar CCR+) as a part of a multilayered validation. The new CCR+ model was successfully evaluated via a patient-centric exchange scenario involving multiple hospitals, with the results supporting both syntactic and semantic interoperability between the standard CCR and extended, CCR+, model. Conclusions A feasible method for delivering an extended model that complies with the standard model is presented herein. There is a great need to extend static standard models such as the ASTM CCR in various domains: the methods presented here represent an important reference for achieving interoperability between standard and extended models. PMID:24627817

  20. Comparative results of autogenous ignition temperature measurements by ASTM G 72 and pressurized scanning calorimetry in gaseous oxygen

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bryan, C. J.; Lowrie, R.

    1986-01-01

    The autogenous ignition temperature of four materials was determined by ASTM (G 72) and pressurized differential scanning calorimetry at 0.68-, 3.4-, and 6.8-MPa oxygen pressure. All four materials were found to ignite at lower temperatures in the ASTM method. The four materials evaluated in this program were Neoprene, Vespel SP-21, Fluorel E-2160, and nylon 6/6.

  1. ASTM Photovoltaic Performance Standards: Their Use at the National Renewable Energy Lab

    SciTech Connect

    Emery, K.

    2007-07-01

    The performance of photovoltaic devices is typically rated in terms of their peak power with respect to a specific spectrum, total irradiance and temperature. The PV Cell and Module Performance Laboratory at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., has been measuring the performance of cells and modules for the U.S. terrestrial PV community since 1980. NREL typically calibrates 200 cells and modules per month. The laboratory follows the procedures described in ASTM International standards for calibrating its primary reference cells (E 1125), spectral responsivity measurements (E 1021), secondary reference cells (E 948), secondary modules (E 1036), concentrator modules (E 2527), and multi-junction cells and modules (E 2236).

  2. Fatigue-crack propagation behavior of ASTM A27 cast steel in simulated Hanford groundwater

    SciTech Connect

    James, L.A.

    1986-09-01

    Fatigue-crack propagation (FCP) tests were conducted on specimens of cast ASTM A27 steel in simulated Hanford ground-water at 150/sup 0/C and 250C/sup 0/C. Fatigue loadings were employed as the most feasible means of accelerating the environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) process. A tentative threshold for EAC was established, and an example calculation was used to show how such a threshold can be related to allowable stress levels and flaw sizes to assure that EAC will not occur.

  3. The development of ASTM standards for metallographic preparation practices of thermally sprayed coatings

    SciTech Connect

    Blann, G.A.; Diaz, D.J.

    1994-12-31

    The primary objective of metallographic examinations of thermally sprayed coatings is to reveal the constituents and structure of the coatings and substrates by means of the microscope after proper metallographic preparation is performed. Because of the diversity of coating types and the personal element, the standardization of metallographic preparation of thermally sprayed coatings is essential. An ASTM subcommittee was formed with the support of the ASM Thermal Spray Committee to provide the laboratories involved in coating characterization with guidelines that will provide consistent metallographic procedures that produce an accurate evaluation of the wide range of thermally sprayed coatings. The methods used to establish this standard will be discussed in this paper.

  4. Friction and wear testing source book: Selected references from ASTM standards and ASM handbooks

    SciTech Connect

    1997-12-31

    A collection of key standards and reference articles about friction, lubrication, and wear makes this a valuable reference book to answer questions about wear mechanisms and testing, and how different measurement methods compare to each other. The focus is on test methods, with supporting material on analysis of wear-related failures. Selected information is reprinted from ASTM Standards, Volumes 2.05, 3.02, 5.02, 5.03 and 13.01, and ASM Handbooks, Volumes 8 (Mechanical Testing), 11 (Failure Analysis and Prevention) and 18 (Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology).

  5. Impact of ASTM Standard E722 update on radiation damage metrics.

    SciTech Connect

    DePriest, Kendall Russell

    2014-06-01

    The impact of recent changes to the ASTM Standard E722 is investigated. The methodological changes in the production of the displacement kerma factors for silicon has significant impact for some energy regions of the 1-MeV(Si) equivalent fluence response function. When evaluating the integral over all neutrons energies in various spectra important to the SNL electronics testing community, the change in the response results in an increase in the total 1-MeV(Si) equivalent fluence of 2 7%. Response functions have been produced and are available for users of both the NuGET and MCNP codes.

  6. Crevice corrosion of Alloy 625 in chlorinated ASTM artificial ocean water

    SciTech Connect

    Lillard, R.S.; Jurinski, M.P.; Scully, J.R. . Center for Electrochemical Science and Engineering)

    1994-04-01

    Factors controlling the initiation and propagation of crevice corrosion on alloy 625 (UNS N06625) in ocean water of ambient temperature were explored within the contexts of the Oldfield-Sutton model for critical crevice corrosion solution (CCS) development and the ohmic criterion for crevice corrosion initiation. Data supported an earlier claim that a critical potential drop must be exceeded to initiate crevice corrosion. Steady-state crevice corrosion propagation was found to be under ohmic control. Chlorine decreased the time required for initiation and possibly raised propagation rates in ASTM artificial ocean water. Addition of molybdate (MoO[sub 4][sup 2[minus

  7. Application of ASTM E-1559 Apparatus to Study H2O Desorption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woronowicz, Michael; Perry, Radford, III; Meadows, George A.

    2015-01-01

    The NASA James Webb Space Telescope project identified a need to measure water vapor desorption from cryogenic surfaces in order to validate predictions of spacecraft design performance. A review of available scientific literature indicated no such measurements had been reported below 131 K. Contamination control personnel at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center recognized the possibility they readily possessed the means to collect these measurements at lower temperatures using an existing apparatus commonly employed for making outgassing observations. This presentation will relate how the ASTM E-1559 Molekit apparatus was used without physical modification to measure water vapor sublimation down to 120 K and compare this data to existing equilibrium vapor pressure models.

  8. Permeation of 70% isopropyl alcohol through surgical gloves: comparison of the standard methods ASTM F739 and EN 374.

    PubMed

    Mäkelä, Erja A; Vainiotalo, Sinikka; Peltonen, Kimmo

    2003-06-01

    Standard test methods ASTM F739 and EN 374 were compared by assessing the permeation of 70% isopropyl alcohol (2-propanol) through seven brands of surgical gloves. The two standards differ in the flow rates of the collection medium and in the chemical permeation rate at which the breakthrough time (BTT) is detected, the EN detection level being 10 times higher than the permeation rate used by ASTM. In a departure from the EN standard method, a 4 h testing time was used instead of 8 h. All of the tested gloves were from the same manufacturer and were made from either natural rubber (NR) (six brands) or chloroprene rubber (CR) (one brand). Two of the NR glove brands were double layered. For the thin NR gloves (0.22, 0.28 and 0.27 mm) the permeation rates were higher throughout the tests with a flow rate of 474 ml/min (EN) of the collection medium (nitrogen) compared with the permeation rates obtained with a flow rate of 52 ml/min (ASTM). These resulted in BTTs of 4.6, 6.5 and 7.6 min (EN) and 4.8, 6.5 and 9.1 min (ASTM), respectively. No statistical difference could be observed between the BTT values obtained with the two standard methods for any of the thin gloves. Thus, although the ASTM standard has a lower criterion for the detection of permeation, it does not necessarily produce shorter BTTs. For the better barriers the methods yielded more equivalent permeation rate curves and thus the EN BTTs were longer than the ASTM BTTs: the EN results were 21, 80, 122 and >240 min compared with the ASTM results of 12, 32, 38 and 103 min for glove thicknesses of 0.37 (NR), 0.22 + 0.22 (double layered NR), 0.31 + 0.29 (double layered NR) and 0.19 mm (CR), respectively. PMID:12765871

  9. Relation between the national handbook of recommended methods for water data acquisition and ASTM standards

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Glysson, G. Douglas; Skinner, John V.

    1991-01-01

    In the late 1950's, intense demands for water and growing concerns about declines in the quality of water generated the need for more water-resources data. About thirty Federal agencies, hundreds of State, county and local agencies, and many private organizations had been collecting water data. However, because of differences in procedures and equipment, many of the data bases were incompatible. In 1964, as a step toward establishing more uniformity, the Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget, OMB) issued 'Circular A-67' which presented guidelines for collecting water data and also served as a catalyst for creating the Office of Water Data Coordination (OWDC) within the U.S. Geological Survey. This paper discusses past, present, and future aspects of the relation between methods in the National Handbook and standards published by ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Committee D-19 on Water's Subcommittee D-19.07 on Sediment, Geomorphology, and Open Channel Flow. The discussion also covers historical aspects of standards - development work jointly conducted by OWDC and ASTM.

  10. Effect of casting parameters on the microstructure of ASTM F-75 alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Mancha, H.; Castro, M.; Mendez, M.; Mendez, J.; Cepeda, F.

    1996-10-01

    Hip replacement implants fabricated from the ASTM F-75 alloy sometimes fail in a sudden catastrophic way. In general, fractures start at microstructural defects subjected to stress-corrosion under chemical attack by body fluids. In this paper the results of a study on the effect of casting parameters on the microstructure of ASTM F-75 alloy are presented. The pre-heating mold and the liquid temperatures were varied between 900 and 1,000 C, and 1,410 and 1,470 C, respectively. The best static strength and ductility were obtained when shrinkage microporosity and the M{sub 23}C{sub 6} eutectic carbides precipitation at grain boundaries were minimized by increasing the pre-heating mold temperature up to 1,000 C and keeping intermediate pouring temperatures at 1,455 C. Under these casting conditions, however, the solidification rates are low leading to large grain sizes which reduce the strength of the material under dynamic loading conditions. The volume fraction of the M{sub 23}C{sub 6} blocky carbides, appears to have a small variation with casting conditions, however, their size and space distributions seem to be very important to determine the mechanical properties of the as-cast alloys.

  11. Methods of Calculation of Resistance to Polarization (Corrosion Rate) Using ASTM G 59

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, L L; King, K J; Martin, S I; Rebak, R B

    2006-02-05

    The corrosion rate of a metal (alloy) can be measured using: (1) Immersion tests or weight loss such as in ASTM G 1 and G 31 or (2) Electrochemical techniques such as in ASTM G 59. In the polarization resistance (PR) or linear polarization method (G 59), the resistance to polarization (Rp) of a metal is measured in the electrolyte of interest in the vicinity of the corrosion potential (E{sub corr}). This polarization resistance can be mathematically converted into corrosion rates (CR). A plot of E vs. I in the vicinity of E{sub corr} is generated by increasing the potential at a fixed rate of 0.1667 mV/s and measuring the output current. The polarization resistance (Rp) is defined as the slope of a potential (E) (Y axis) vs. Current (I) (X axis) plot in the vicinity of the corrosion potential (E{sub corr}). When the potential is ramped and the current is measured, E is the independent variable and I is the dependent variable. In a proper mathematical plot, E should be represented in the X axis and I in the Y axis. However, in the conventions of the corrosion community, E is always plotted in the Y axis and I in the X axis. Therefore, how this plot of Delta E/Delta I is analyzed is a matter of current debate.

  12. Na and Li ion diffusion in modified ASTM C 1260 test by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, X. Balcom, B.J.; Thomas, M.D.A.; Bremner, T.W.

    2008-12-15

    In the current study, MRI was applied to investigate lithium and sodium ion diffusion in cement paste and mortars containing inert sand and borosilicate glass. Paste and mortars were treated by complying with ASTM C 1260. Lithium and sodium distribution profiles were collected at different ages after different treatments. Results revealed that sodium ions had a greater diffusion rate than lithium ions, suggesting that Na reaches the aggregate particle surface before Li. Results also showed that Na and Li ions had a competitive diffusion process in mortars; soaking in a solution with higher [Li] favored Li diffusion but hindered Na diffusion. In mortars containing glass, a substantial amount of Li was consumed by the formation of ASR products. When [Li] in soaking solution was reduced to 0.37 N, a distinctive Na distribution profile was observed, indicating the free-state Na ions were continuously transformed to solid reaction products by ASR. Hence, in the modified ASTM C 1260 test, [Li] in the storage solution should be controlled at 0.74 N, in order to completely prevent the consumption of Na ions and thus stop ASR.

  13. Low-energy photon spectroscopy data in support of ASTM method development

    SciTech Connect

    Dry, D. E.; Boone, S.

    2002-01-01

    The Isotope and Nuclear Chemistry (C-INC) Radioassay Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been in operation since 1948 to measure fission-product and actinide activities from the U.S. weapons testing program. Since the cessation of testing in 1992, the facility has remained in continuous operation by analyzing samples for environmental, bioassay and research projects. In addition to the many gamma spectroscopy systems, two independent planar germanium detectors are employed for measurement of x-rays and low-energy gsunma rays. 'These counters were used to collect data of select isotopes to support the development of a new ASTM standard, 'Standard Practice for High-Resolution Low-Energy Photon Spectrometry of Water'. This standard is being developed by ASTM Subcommittee D19.04 as a tool for measurement of low-energy gamma-rays and x-rays fiom approximately 4 keV to 150 keV. This work describes empirical counting results obtained fkom traceable sources covering the energy range of interest. Specifically, the isotopes used were 5%i, 55Fe, Am, I, Cd, and 57C0 which provide a range of 5.9 to 136 keV. Mixed nuclide sources were also counted for the purpose of providing data for coincidence summing effects. All data is presented in hardcopy and accompanying electronic form.

  14. Cavitation erosion - corrosion behaviour of ASTM A27 runner steel in natural river water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tôn-Thât, L.

    2014-03-01

    Cavitation erosion is still one of the most important degradation modes in hydraulic turbine runners. Part of researches in this field focuses on finding new materials, coatings and surface treatments to improve the resistance properties of runners to this phenomenon. However, only few studies are focused on the deleterious effect of the environment. Actually, in some cases a synergistic effect between cavitation erosion mechanisms and corrosion kinetics can establish and increase erosion rate. In the present study, the cavitation erosion-corrosion behaviour of ASTM A27 steel in natural river water is investigated. This paper state the approach which has been used to enlighten the synergy between both phenomena. For this, a 20 kHz vibratory test according ASTM G32 standard is coupled to an electrochemical cell to be able to follow the different corrosion parameters during the tests to get evidence of the damaging mechanism. Moreover, mass losses have been followed during the exposure time. The classical degradation parameters (cumulative weight loss and erosion rate) are determined. Furthermore, a particular effort has been implemented to determine the evolution of surface damages in terms of pitting, surface cracking, material removal and surface corrosion. For this, scanning electron microscopy has been used to link the microstructure to the material removal mechanisms.

  15. Improved ASTM G72 Test Method for Ensuring Adequate Fuel-to-Oxidizer Ratios

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Juarez, Alfredo; Harper, Susana A.

    2016-01-01

    The ASTM G72/G72M-15 Standard Test Method for Autogenous Ignition Temperature of Liquids and Solids in a High-Pressure Oxygen-Enriched Environment is currently used to evaluate materials for the ignition susceptibility driven by exposure to external heat in an enriched oxygen environment. Testing performed on highly volatile liquids such as cleaning solvents has proven problematic due to inconsistent test results (non-ignitions). Non-ignition results can be misinterpreted as favorable oxygen compatibility, although they are more likely associated with inadequate fuel-to-oxidizer ratios. Forced evaporation during purging and inadequate sample size were identified as two potential causes for inadequate available sample material during testing. In an effort to maintain adequate fuel-to-oxidizer ratios within the reaction vessel during test, several parameters were considered, including sample size, pretest sample chilling, pretest purging, and test pressure. Tests on a variety of solvents exhibiting a range of volatilities are presented in this paper. A proposed improvement to the standard test protocol as a result of this evaluation is also presented. Execution of the final proposed improved test protocol outlines an incremental step method of determining optimal conditions using increased sample sizes while considering test system safety limits. The proposed improved test method increases confidence in results obtained by utilizing the ASTM G72 autogenous ignition temperature test method and can aid in the oxygen compatibility assessment of highly volatile liquids and other conditions that may lead to false non-ignition results.

  16. Standard test method for airborne asbestos concentration in ambient and indoor atmospheres as determined by transmission electron microscopy direct transfer (TEM). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-22 on Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D22.07 on Asbestos. Current edition approved Jul. 10, 1998. Published October 1998. Copyright American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428, USA. This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM.

  17. Summary: Update to ASTM guide E 1523 to charge control and charge referencing techniques in x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Baer, D.R.

    2005-05-01

    An updated version of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) guide E 1523 to the methods to charge control and charge referencing techniques in x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy has been released by ASTM [Annual Book of ASTM Standards Surface Analysis (American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 2004), Vol. 03.06]. The guide is meant to acquaint x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) users with the various charge control and charge referencing techniques that are and have been used in the acquisition and interpretation of XPS data from surfaces of insulating specimens. The current guide has been expanded to include new references as well as recommendations for reporting information on charge control and charge referencing. The previous version of the document had been published in 1997 [D. R. Baer and K. D. Bomben, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16, 754 (1998)].

  18. Rapid electrochemical screening of engine coolants. Correlation of electrochemical potentiometric measurements with ASTM D 1384 glassware corrosion test

    SciTech Connect

    Doucet, G.P.; Jackson, J.M.; Kriegel, O.A.; Passwater, D.K.; Prieto, N.E.

    1999-08-01

    Engine coolants are typically subjected to comprehensive performance evaluations that involve multiple laboratory and field tests. These tests can take several weeks to conduct and can be expensive. The tests can involve everything from preliminary chemical screening to long term fleet tests. An important test conducted at the beginning of coolant formula development to screen the corrosion performance of engine coolants is described in ASTM D 1384. If the coolant formula passes the test, it is then subjected to more rigorous testing. Conducting the test described in ASTM D 1384 takes two weeks, and determining the coolant corrosion performance under several test parameters can takes resources and time that users seldom have. Therefore, it is very desirable to have tests that can be used for rapid screening and quality assurance of coolants. The purpose of this study was to conduct electrochemical tests that can ultimately be used for quick initial screening of engine coolants. The specific intent of the electrochemical tests is to use ASTM D 1384 as a model and to attempt to duplicate its results. Implementation of the electrochemical tests could accelerate the process of selecting promising coolant formulas and reduce coolant evaluation time and cost. Various electrochemical tests were conducted to determine the corrosion performance of several engine coolant formulas. The test results were compared to those obtained from the ASTM D 1384 test. These tests were conducted on the same metal specimens and under similar conditions as those used in the ASTM D 1384 test. The electrochemical tests included the determination of open circuit potential (OCP) for the various metal specimens, anodic and cathodic polarization curves for the various metal specimens, corrosion rate for metal specimens involved in a galvanic triad, and critical pitting potential (CPP) for aluminum (pitting of aluminum engine components and cooling systems is a cause for concern). The details for

  19. White Paper Summary of 2nd ASTM International Workshop on Hydrides in Zirconium Alloy Cladding

    SciTech Connect

    Sindelar, R.; Louthan, M.; PNNL, B.

    2015-05-29

    This white paper recommends that ASTM International develop standards to address the potential impact of hydrides on the long term performance of irradiated zirconium alloys. The need for such standards was apparent during the 2nd ASTM International Workshop on Hydrides in Zirconium Alloy Cladding and Assembly Components, sponsored by ASTM International Committee C26.13 and held on June 10-12, 2014, in Jackson, Wyoming. The potentially adverse impacts of hydrogen and hydrides on the long term performance of irradiated zirconium-alloy cladding on used fuel were shown to depend on multiple factors such as alloy chemistry and processing, irradiation and post irradiation history, residual and applied stresses and stress states, and the service environment. These factors determine the hydrogen content and hydride morphology in the alloy, which, in turn, influence the response of the alloy to the thermo-mechanical conditions imposed (and anticipated) during storage, transport and disposal of used nuclear fuel. Workshop presentations and discussions showed that although hydrogen/hydride induced degradation of zirconium alloys may be of concern, the potential for occurrence and the extent of anticipated degradation vary throughout the nuclear industry because of the variations in hydrogen content, hydride morphology, alloy chemistry and irradiation conditions. The tools and techniques used to characterize hydrides and hydride morphologies and their impacts on material performance also vary. Such variations make site-to-site comparisons of test results and observations difficult. There is no consensus that a single material or system characteristic (e.g., reactor type, burnup, hydrogen content, end-of life stress, alloy type, drying temperature, etc.) is an effective predictor of material response during long term storage or of performance after long term storage. Multi-variable correlations made for one alloy may not represent the behavior of another alloy exposed to

  20. Comparison of combustion characteristics of ASTM A-1, propane, and natural-gas fuels in an annular turbojet combustor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wear, J. D.; Jones, R. E.

    1973-01-01

    The performance of an annular turbojet combustor using natural-gas fuel is compared with that obtained using ASTM A-1 and propane fuels. Propane gas was used to simulate operation with vaporized kerosene fuels. The results obtained at severe operating conditions and altitude relight conditions show that natural gas is inferior to both ASTM A-1 and propane fuels. Combustion efficiencies were significantly lower and combustor pressures for relight were higher with natural-gas fuel than with the other fuels. The inferior performance of natural gas is shown to be caused by the chemical stability of the methane molecule.

  1. Annual book of ASTM standards. Part 17. Refractories, glass, and other ceramic materials; manufactured carbon and graphite products

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    The standards are assembled in each part in alphanumeric sequence of their ASTM designation numbers. Each part has two tables of contents: a list of the standards in alphanumeric sequence of their ASTM designations; and a list of the standards classified according to subject. A subject index of the standards and tentatives in each part appears at the back of each volume. This part contains standards concerning refractories; glass and glass products; ceramic whitewares; porcelain enamel and related ceramic-metal systems; ceramics for electronics; manufactured carbon and graphite products; and general methods of testing.

  2. Designing cathodic protection systems for marine structures and vehicles. ASTM special technical publication 1370

    SciTech Connect

    Hack, H.P.

    1999-07-01

    Cathodic protection is an important method of protecting structures and ships from the corrosive effects of seawater. Poor designs can be far more costly to implement than optimal designs, Improper design can cause overprotection, with resulting paint blistering and accelerated corrosion of some alloys, underprotection, with resultant structure corrosion, or stray current corrosion of nearby structures. The first ASTM symposium specifically aimed at cathodic protection in seawater was intended to compile all the criteria and philosophy for designing both sacrificial and impressed current cathodic protection systems for structures and vehicles in seawater. The papers which are included in this STP are significant in that they summarize the major seawater cathodic protection system design philosophies. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the database.

  3. Dynamic Fracture Initiation Toughness of ASTM A533, Grade B Steel Plate

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, S.M.; Link, R.E.

    1999-05-01

    The dynamic fracture toughness of an ASTM A533, Grade B steel plate was determined at several temperatures in the ductile-brittle transition region. Crack-tip loading rates ranged from approximately 10(sup3) to 10(sup5) MPa m/s. The fracture toughness was shown to decrease with increased loading rate. The dynamic fracture toughness was compared with results from previous investigations, and it was shown that the decrease in toughness due to increased loading rate at the highest test temperature was not as severe as reported in previous investigations. It was also shown that the reference temperature. T(sub0) was better index of the fracture toughness vs. temperature relationship than the nil-ductility temperature, RT(subNDT), for this material.

  4. Hydrogen embrittlement: Prevention and control; ASTM Special Technical Publication, No. 962

    SciTech Connect

    Raymond, L.

    1988-01-01

    The control and prevention of hydrogen embrittlement in metals are discussed, with a focus on test methods, in reviews and reports presented at the ASTM national symposium held in Los Angeles in May 1985. Sections are devoted to current standards and projections, hydrogen in steel and Ti, relative susceptibility, hydrogen in welding, case histories of prevention and control, and ongoing research. Topics addressed include electrochemical aspects, accelerated acceptance testing methods, the barnacle electrode method, the disk pressure test, a bent-beam test for H2S stress corrosion cracking, diffusible hydrogen testing by gas chromatography, surface films for embrittlement prevention, the effects of strain on hydrogen entry and transport in ferrous alloys, and the temperature dependence of fatigue crack propagation in Nb-H alloys.

  5. The chemistry modifications to ASTM A707 for offshore structural integrity

    SciTech Connect

    Walsh, M.A.; Price, S.

    1997-12-31

    The development of low alloy steels for offshore applications has generally led to the selection of increasingly leaner chemistries which are tailored to meet specific design requirements. Low carbon, low alloy, copper bearing steels based on the ASTM A707 grade system have attractive considerable interest for applications combining high strength and toughness with good weldability. Forgemasters Steel and Engineering has been intimately involved in the development of A707 variants which has led to contracts for the production of forged components for the Auger and Mars platforms. A thorough review of structure property relationships with regard to the role of copper precipitation during aging, has been undertaken. Comparisons have been drawn with conventional low carbon, low alloy steels where similar properties are achieved with tempered bainitic microstructures.

  6. Ramberg-Osgood strain-hardening characterization on an ASTM A302-B steel

    SciTech Connect

    James, L.A.

    1995-11-01

    Many elastic-plastic fracture mechanisms analysis procedures require knowledge of the true stress versus true strain response of the material being analyzed. The most common strain-hardening relationship employed is of the form first proposed by Ramberg and Osgood. Here, the Ramberg-Osgood strain-hardening exponents and coefficients are characterized for an unirradiated ASTM A302-B steel over a wide range of temperatures from {minus}129 to 260 C. The strain-hardening exponent increases only slightly with temperature over this range, while the coefficient decreases with increasing temperature. Tensile specimens irradiated to 0.002, 0.029, and 0.046 dpa exhibited significant increases in the strain-hardening exponent with increasing neutron irradiation level.

  7. Comparisons of ASTM standards cited in the NRC standard review plan, NUREG-0800 and related documents

    SciTech Connect

    Ankrum, A.R.; Bohlander, K.L.; Gilbert, E.R.; Pawlowski, R.A.; Spiesman, J.B.

    1995-10-01

    This report provides the results of comparisons of the cited and latest versions of ASTM standards cited in the NRC Standard Review Plan for the Review of Safety Analysis Reports for Nuclear Power Plants (NUREG 0800) and related documents. The comparisons were performed by Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories in support of the NRC`s Standard Review Plan Update and Development Program. Significant changes to the standards, from the cited version to the latest version, are described and discussed in a tabular format for each standard. Recommendations for updating each citation in the Standard Review Plan are presented. Technical considerations and suggested changes are included for related regulatory documents (i.e., Regulatory Guides and the Code of Federal Regulations) citing the standard. The results and recommendations presented in this document have not been subjected to NRC staff review.

  8. Microstructure and embrittlement of the fine-grained heat-affected zone of ASTM4130 steel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Li-Ying; Wang, Yong; Han, Tao; Li, Chao-Wen

    2011-08-01

    The mechanical properties and microstructure features of the fine-grained heat-affected zone (FGHAZ) of ASTM4130 steel was investigated by optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and welding thermal simulation test. It is found that serious embrittlement occurs in the FGHAZ with an 81.37% decrease of toughness, compared with that of the base metal. Microstructure analysis reveals that the FGHAZ is mainly composed of acicular, equiaxed ferrite, granular ferrite, martensite, and martensite-austenite (M-A) constituent. The FGHAZ embrittlement is mainly induced by granular ferrite because of carbides located at its boundaries and sub-boundaries. Meanwhile, the existence of martensite and M-A constituent, which distribute in a discontinuous network, is also detrimental to the mechanical properties.

  9. Development of ASTM standards in support of advanced ceramics -- continuing efforts

    SciTech Connect

    Brinkman, C.R.

    1998-02-01

    An update is presented of the activities of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Committee C-28 on Advanced Ceramics. Since its inception in 1986, this committee, which has five standard producing subcommittees, has written and published over 32 consensus standards. These standards are concerned with mechanical testing of monolithic and composite ceramics, nondestructive examination, statistical analysis and design, powder characterization, quantitative microscopy, fractography, and terminology. These standards ensure optimum material behavior with physical and mechanical property reproducibility, component reliability, and well-defined methods of data treatment and material analysis for both monolithic and composite materials. Committee C-28 continues to sponsor technical symposia and to cooperate in the development of international standards. An update of recent and current activities as well as possible new areas of standardization work will be presented.

  10. Effect of crack curvature on stress intensity factors for ASTM standard compact tension specimens

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alam, J.; Mendelson, A.

    1983-01-01

    The stress intensity factors (SIF) are calculated using the method of lines for the compact tension specimen in tensile and shear loading for curved crack fronts. For the purely elastic case, it was found that as the crack front curvature increases, the SIF value at the center of the specimen decreases while increasing at the surface. For the higher values of crack front curvatures, the maximum value of the SIF occurs at an interior point located adjacent to the surface. A thickness average SIF was computed for parabolically applied shear loading. These results were used to assess the requirements of ASTM standards E399-71 and E399-81 on the shape of crack fronts. The SIF is assumed to reflect the average stress environment near the crack edge.

  11. Stress analysis of the cracked lap shear specimens: An ASTM round robin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, W. S.

    1986-01-01

    This ASTM Round Robin was conducted to evaluate the state of the art in stress analysis of adhesively bonded joint specimens. Specifically, the participants were asked to calculate the strain-energy-release rate for two different geometry cracked lap shear (CLS) specimens at four different debond lengths. The various analytical techniques consisted of 2- and 3-dimensional finite element analysis, beam theory, plate theory, and a combination of beam theory and finite element analysis. The results were examined in terms of the total strain-energy-release rate and the mode I to mode II ratio as a function of debond length for each specimen geometry. These results basically clustered into two groups: geometric linear or geometric nonlinear analysis. The geometric nonlinear analysis is required to properly analyze the CLS specimens. The 3-D finite element analysis gave indications of edge closure plus some mode III loading. Each participant described his analytical technique and results. Nine laboratories participated.

  12. Standard specification for coextruded poly (vinyl chloride) (pvc) non-pressure plastic pipe having reprocessed-recycled content. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-17 on Plastic Piping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.25 on Vinyl Based Pipe. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1997 and published October 1998. Originally published as F 1760-96. Last previous edition was F 1760-96.

  13. Standard specification for ferritic ductile iron pressure-retaining castings for use at elevated temperatures. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-4 on Iron Castings and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A04.02 on Malleable and Ductile Iron Castings. Current edition approved Jul. 10, 1998. Published October 1998. Originally published as A 395-55T. Last previous edition was A 395-88(1993).

  14. Analysis of the Second ASTM Round-Robin Program on Opening-Load Measurement using the adjusted compliance ratio technique

    SciTech Connect

    Donald, J.K.; Phillips, E.P.

    1999-07-01

    The results of the Second Round-Robin on Opening-Load Measurement established the basis for a recent addition to ASTM E 647--``Recommended Practice for Determination of Fatigue Crack Opening Load from Compliance''. The technique involves characterizing the deviation in linearity of a load-displacement curve and reporting, as a minimum, the opening load corresponding to a 2% slope offset. The opening load and associated {Delta}K{sub eff} values reported showed significant scatter although this scatter was reduced when the data were subjected to a rigorous accept/reject criterion. Refinements in the method of handling data with high noise have further reduced scatter compared with the original analysis. Since each participant provided digitized load-displacement curves, the data from 17 test samples (10 participants) were reanalyzed using the adjusted compliance ratio (ACR) technique to evaluate {Delta}K{sub eff}. A comparison between the two methods shows that the ACR technique gives a higher mean value of {Delta}K{sub eff} than does the ASTM procedure. The ACR technique also shows a stronger correlation with crack growth rate data than does the ASTM procedure, with a slope comparable to that of a typical fatigue crack growth rate test. However, the mean value of {Delta}K{sub eff} based on the ASTM procedure shows better agreement with high stress ratio closure free data than does the ACR technique. This seemingly contradictory result can be partially explained in terms of second-order effects not normally considered significant.

  15. Standard specification for aluminum and aluminum-alloy seamless condenser and heat-exchanger tubes with integral fins. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1995-07-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-7 on Light Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B07.03 on Aluminum Alloy Wrought Products. Current edition approved May 15, 1995. Published July 1995. Originally published as B 404-63T. Last previous edition B 404-92a.

  16. Standard test method for corrosion of low-embrittling cadmium plate by aircraft maintenance chemicals. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1989-02-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-7 on Aerospace and Aircraft and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F07.07 on Qualification Testing of Aircraft Cleaning Materials. Current edition approved Nov. 17, 1988. Published February 1989 and reapproved 1998.

  17. Standard specification for UNS N06002, UNS N06230, UNS N12160, and UNS R30556 rod. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 572-72. Last previous edition was B 572-94.

  18. Standard specification for pressure vessel plates, carbon steel, high strength, for moderate and lower temperature service. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the responsibility of Subcommittee A01.11 on Steel Plates for Boilers and Pressure Vessels. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1998. Published December 1998. Originally published as A 612-70. Last previous edition A 612/A 612M-90(1996).

  19. Standard specification for hot isostatically-pressed alloy steel flanges, fittings, valves, and parts for high temperature service. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.22 on Steel Forgings and Wrought Fittings for Piping Applications and Bolting Materials for Piping and Special Purpose Applications. Current edition approved Mar. 10, 1998 and published September 1998.

  20. Standard specification for nuclear-grade gadolinium oxide (Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) powder. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-26 on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C26.03 on Neutron Absorber Materials Specifications. Current edition approved May 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as C 888-78 Last previous edition was C 888-90.

  1. Standard specification for continuous grain flow forged carbon and alloy steel crankshafts for medium speed diesel engines. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.06 on Steel Forgings and Billets. Current edition approved Jan. 10, 1998 and published August 1998.

  2. Standard test method for compressive strength of grouts for preplaced-aggregate concrete in the laboratory. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    DoD adopted. This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-9 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C09.41 on Concrete for Radiation Shielding. Current edition approved Feb. 10, 1986 and published October 1998. Originally published as C 942-81. Last previous edition was C 942-86(1991).

  3. Standard specification for seamless and welded titanium and titanium alloy tubes for condensers and heat exchangers. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    DoD adopted. This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.01 on Titanium. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 388-58T. Last previous edition was B 388-95.

  4. Standard specification for steel castings, carbon, low alloy, and stainless steel, heavy-walled for steam turbines. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.18 on Castings. Current edition approved May 10, 1998. Published August 1998. Originally published as A 356-52T. Last previous edition was A 356-96.

  5. Total carbon and organic carbon in water by ultraviolet, or persulfate oxidation, or both, and infrared detection. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1994-11-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-19 on Water and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D19.06 on Methods for Analysis for Organic Substances in Water. Current edition approved Sept. 15, 1994. Published November 1994. Originally published as D4839-88. Last previous edition D4839-88.

  6. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Compression Strength Measurements Conducted According to ASTM E9

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luecke, William E.; Ma, Li; Graham, Stephen M.; Adler, Matthew A.

    2010-01-01

    Ten commercial laboratories participated in an interlaboratory study to establish the repeatability and reproducibility of compression strength tests conducted according to ASTM International Standard Test Method E9. The test employed a cylindrical aluminum AA2024-T351 test specimen. Participants measured elastic modulus and 0.2 % offset yield strength, YS(0.2 % offset), using an extensometer attached to the specimen. The repeatability and reproducibility of the yield strength measurement, expressed as coefficient of variations were cv(sub r)= 0.011 and cv(sub R)= 0.020 The reproducibility of the test across the laboratories was among the best that has been reported for uniaxial tests. The reported data indicated that using diametrically opposed extensometers, instead of a single extensometer doubled the precision of the test method. Laboratories that did not lubricate the ends of the specimen measured yield stresses and elastic moduli that were smaller than those measured in laboratories that lubricated the specimen ends. A finite element analysis of the test specimen deformation for frictionless and perfect friction could not explain the discrepancy, however. The modulus measured from stress-strain data were reanalyzed using a technique that finds the optimal fit range, and applies several quality checks to the data. The error in modulus measurements from stress-strain curves generally increased as the fit range decreased to less than 40 % of the stress range.

  7. The optimization of mechanical properties for nuclear transportation casks in ASTM A350 LF5

    SciTech Connect

    Price, S.; Honeyman, G.A.

    1997-12-31

    Transport flasks are required for the movement of spent nuclear fuel. Due to their nature of operation, it is necessary that these flasks are produced from forged steels with exceptional toughness properties. The material specification generally cited for flask manufacture is ASTM A350 Grade LF5 Class 1, a carbon-manganese-nickel alloy. The range of chemical analysis permitted by this specification is very broad and it is the responsibility of the material manufacturer to select a composition within this range which will satisfy all the mechanical properties requirements, and to ensure safe and reliable performance. Forgemasters Steel and Engineering Limited have experience in the manufacture of large high integrity fuel element flask forgings which extend over several decades. This experience and involvement in international standards in US, Europe and Japan has facilitated the development of an optimized analysis with a low carbon content, nickel levels towards the top end of the allowed range, a deliberate aluminum addition to control grain size and strictly controlled residual element levels. The resultant steel has excellent low temperature impact properties which greatly exceed the requirements of the specification. This analysis is now being adopted for the manufacture of all current transport flasks.

  8. Processing and properties of superclean ASTM A508 Cl. 4 forgings

    SciTech Connect

    Hinkel, A.V.; Handerhan, K.J.; Manzo, G.J.; Simkins, G.P.

    1988-12-31

    Steels with improved resistance to temper embrittlement are now being produced using ``superclean`` steelmaking technology. This technology involves the use of scrap control, proper electric arc furnace and ladle refining furnace practices to produce steel with very low Mn, Si, P, S and other residual impurities such as Sn, As and Sb. This technology has been applied on a production basis to modified ASTM A508 Cl- 4 material intended for high temperature pressure vessel forgings. Processing and properties of this superclean material are reviewed. In addition, the cleanliness and mechanical properties are compared to conventionally melted A508 Cl. 4 material. The ``superclean`` A508 Cl. 4 mod. was found to meet all specification requirements. In addition, the superclean material was found to possess superior upper shelf CVN properties, a lower FATT{sub 50} and NDTT, along with superior microcleanliness compared to conventional material. Finally, the superclean material was found to be immune to temper embrittlement based on the short-term embrittlement treatments examined.

  9. Advances in fatigue crack closure measurement and analysis: Second volume. ASTM special technical publication 1343

    SciTech Connect

    McClung, R.C.; Newman, J.C. Jr.

    1999-07-01

    The discovery of the phenomenon of plasticity-induced fatigue crack closure by Elber was truly a landmark event in the study of fatigue crack growth (FCG) and the development of practical engineering methods for fatigue life management. Subsequent research identified other contributing mechanisms for crack closure, including crack surface roughness and oxide debris. Fatigue crack closure is now understood to be an intrinsic feature of crack growth behavior that must be considered to understand or treat many FCG problems, although closure may not be an issue in all problems and does not always provide a complete explanation of crack growth behavior. As the thirtieth anniversary of the Elber discovery approached, the strong, continuing international interest in crack closure prompted the organization of another ASTM symposium. An international audience numbering over sixty-five persons heard thirty papers contributed by authors from twelve different countries, with more than half of the papers originating from outside the United States. This STP volume contains peer-reviewed manuscripts for twenty-seven of those presentations, plus one peer-reviewed paper that could not be presented at the symposium. Topics covered are: Fundamental Studies; Experimental Characterization of Closure; Load History Effects; Surface Roughness Effects; and Closure Effects on Crack Behavior. Separate abstracts were prepared for all 28 papers.

  10. Electrochemical behavior of a magnesium galvanic anode under ASTM test method G 97-89 conditions

    SciTech Connect

    Genesca, J.; Betancourt, L.; Rodriguez, C.

    1996-07-01

    The electrochemical behavior of a magnesium galvanic anode in an aerated 5 g/L calcium sulfate + 0.1 g/L magnesium hydroxide solution was investigated by measuring electrochemical impedance under the conditions of ASTM Test Method G 97-89. Impedance spectra showed the capacitance of a porous layer (C{sub po}) in the high-frequency region, the resistive component (R{sub po}) of the porous layer (R{sub po}) in the frequency range between 100 Hz and 1,000 Hz, and the resistance of charge transfer (R{sub t}) in the low-frequency region. R{sub po} and R{sub t} increased with time, whereas C{sub po} decreased with immersion time. Since the resistance of a film is proportional to its resistivity and thickness, an increase in R{sub po} was interpreted to mean passivation increased with immersion time. This increase in protection with time provided evidence for the existence of a protective layer over the magnesium anode surface. This layer was identified as Mg(OH){sub 2} using x-ray diffraction of corrosion products formed on the magnesium anode.

  11. Corrosion behavior of ASTM A106 and AISI 316SS in KOH and nickel acetate solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez, J.J.; Baron, E.; Saldeho, J.

    1999-11-01

    The present work is concerned with the corrosion behavior of ASTM A106 B grade and AISI 316 stainless steel in the presence of three different environments: a mixture or an emulsion formed by oil-KOH-nickel acetate solution, a KOH (40 wt. %) solution and a nickel acetate (14 wt. %) solution, which are representative fluids used during a PDVSA proprietary process for improving heavy crude oils. Corrosion rate measurements and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior were evaluated through weight loss (in the laboratory and in situ measurements), and mechanical testing (constant load and slow strain rate tests). In the emulsion the corrosion rate was almost undetectable for both steels and the evidence suggested that no SCC had taken place. However, the corrosion rate of the carbon steel in 40wt.% KOH solution at 130 C was 2.8 mm/y, showing the presence of pitting corrosion. On the other hand, the stainless steel showed an undetectable corrosion rate. Though SCC was not observed in any of the materials tested in presence of KOH at both 30 and 130 C, a deterioration in the mechanical properties was found for the high temperature case for carbon steel. During nickel acetate solution tests at 130 C, the A 106 steel showed a relatively high corrosion rate (5.9 mm/y) and the formation of pits. For the stainless steel case, acetate solution had no corrosive effect whatsoever. This last environment offered no SCC susceptibility for any material at both temperatures tested.

  12. Roofing research and standards development: Fourth volume. ASTM special technical publication 1349

    SciTech Connect

    Wallace, T.J.; Rossiter, W.J. Jr.

    1999-07-01

    As the roofing industry has stabilized, a broad variety of roof systems have found general acceptance by the building owners, architects, engineers, contractors, and others who select and install roofs. These roof systems include those based on conventional built-up membranes using glass and synthetic reinforcements, synthetic polymeric membranes using elastomers and thermoplastics, polymer-modified membranes, and sprayed polyurethane foam. ASTM Committee D8 on Roofing, Waterproofing, and Bituminous Materials has contributed significantly in many important ways to the roofing community's stabilization including issuing standard specifications to assist consumers in the selection and use of these systems. This is not surprising, as it has always been among the purpose of D8 to provide standards to assist in the selection and use of low-sloped and steep roofing. The Committee's scope includes development of standards associated with application, inspection, maintenance, and analyses. Some of the issues facing the roofing community today--for example, enhanced system durability, better methods of material characterization, environmental impact, recycling of materials and systems, industry conversation to the S.I. system metric--readily fall within D8's scope. The availability of sound standard can contribute to the resolution of many of these issues.

  13. Characterization of Multilayered Multipass Friction Stir Weld on ASTM A572 G50 Steel

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Lim, Yong Chae; Sanderson, Samuel; Mahoney, Murray; Yu, Xinghua; Qiao, Dongxiao; Wang, Yanli; Zhang, Wei; Feng, Zhili

    2014-01-01

    A multilayered multipass friction stir weld (MM-FSW) on ASTM A572 Grade 50 steel was characterized to understand its potential application for thick-section structures. The 15-mm-thick section was fabricated by stacking up three steel plates and then friction stir welding the plates together in a total of 5 passes. The unique butt/lap joint configuration encountered in the multilayer weld was examined to understand the effect of tool rotation direction on the joint quality especially the formation of hooking defect. Charpy V-notch impact toughness tests showed generally higher impact toughness energy for the stir zone than the base metal with a ductilemore » fracture mode. The microhardness value was measured from 195 to 220 HV in the stir zone, while the base metal showed an average value of 170 HV. The microstructure in the stir zone and the adjacent heat affected zone was quantified using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) including Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD). The increased toughness and hardness were correlated with the refined microstructure in stir zone, resulting from severe plastic deformation and subsequent dynamic recrystallization during friction stir welding.« less

  14. Characterization of Multilayered Multipass Friction Stir Weld on ASTM A572 G50 Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, Yong Chae; Sanderson, Samuel; Mahoney, Murray; Yu, Xinghua; Qiao, Dongxiao; Wang, Yanli; Zhang, Wei; Feng, Zhili

    2014-01-01

    A multilayered multipass friction stir weld (MM-FSW) on ASTM A572 Grade 50 steel was characterized to understand its potential application for thick-section structures. The 15-mm-thick section was fabricated by stacking up three steel plates and then friction stir welding the plates together in a total of 5 passes. The unique butt/lap joint configuration encountered in the multilayer weld was examined to understand the effect of tool rotation direction on the joint quality especially the formation of hooking defect. Charpy V-notch impact toughness tests showed generally higher impact toughness energy for the stir zone than the base metal with a ductile fracture mode. The microhardness value was measured from 195 to 220 HV in the stir zone, while the base metal showed an average value of 170 HV. The microstructure in the stir zone and the adjacent heat affected zone was quantified using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) including Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD). The increased toughness and hardness were correlated with the refined microstructure in stir zone, resulting from severe plastic deformation and subsequent dynamic recrystallization during friction stir welding.

  15. The Meta-Lax method of stress reduction in welds. [ASTM A36; AISI 4140

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, S.M.

    1992-07-31

    This study is the second phase of ongoing research into the mechanics and feasibility of using the Meta-Lax method of vibratory stress relief in place of thermal methods of stress relief. The first phase of this research revealed results that were similar to, and even superior to those achieved using thermal methods. The testing here was designed to eliminate the effects of interbead tempering by utilizing single pass bead-on-plate welds only. A metallurgical explanation for the success of the Meta-Lax method was not found. No significant structure or chemical changes were noted when used with ASTM A36 or AISI 4140 materials, and the phenomena noted in phase I was apparently due to interbead tempering. The theory of accelerated aging has been proposed and studies exist which observed dislocation motion as a result of vibratory treatment. It is evident that the vibratory stress relief system does not impart sufficient energy to bring about the magnitude of change seen with thermal methods. however the physical improvement is a reality, and vibratory methods should be evaluated further.

  16. Heat treatment temperature influence on ASTM A890 GR 6A super duplex stainless steel microstructure

    SciTech Connect

    Martins, Marcelo; E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com; Casteletti, Luiz Carlos

    2005-09-15

    Duplex and super duplex stainless steels are ferrous alloys with up to 26% chromium, 8% nickel, 5% molybdenum and 0.3% nitrogen, which are largely used in applications in media containing ions from the halogen family, mainly the chloride ion (Cl{sup -}). The emergence of this material aimed at substituting Copper-Nickel alloys (Cupro-Nickel) that despite presenting good corrosion resistance, has mechanical properties quite inferior to steel properties. The metallurgy of duplex and super duplex stainless steel is complex due to high sensitiveness to sigma phase precipitation that becomes apparent, due to the temperatures they are exposed on cooling from solidification as well as from heat treatment processes. The objective of this study was to verify the influence of heat treating temperatures on the microstructure and hardness of ASTM A890/A890M Gr 6A super duplex stainless steel type. Microstructure control is of extreme importance for castings, as the chemical composition and cooling during solidification inevitably provide conditions for precipitation of sigma phase. Higher hardness in these materials is directly associated to high sigma phase concentration in the microstructure, precipitated in the ferrite/austenite interface. While heat treatment temperature during solution treatment increases, the sigma phase content in the microstructure decreases and consequently, the material hardness diminishes. When the sigma phase was completely dissolved by the heat treatment, the material hardness was influenced only due to ferrite and austenite contents in the microstructure.

  17. Standard specification for cobalt-chromium-nickel-molybdenum-tungsten alloy (UNS R31233) plate, sheet and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt, and Alloys Containing Nickel or Cobalt or Both as Principal Constituents. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 818-91. Last previous edition was B 818-93.

  18. Standard specification for seamless ferritic and austenitic alloy-steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.10 on Tubing. Current edition approved Oct. 10 and Nov. 10, 1995. 1995 and was published April 1996. Originally published as A 213-39T. Last previous edition was A 213/A 213M-94b.

  19. Standard specification for nickel-chromium-molybdenum-tungsten alloy (UNS N06110) rod and bar. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt, and Alloys Containing Nickel or Cobalt or Both as Principal Constituents. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 756-86. Last previous edition was B 756-93.

  20. Standard specification for nickel-iron-chromium-molybdenum alloy (UNS N08320) plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt, and Alloys Containing Nickel or Cobalt or Both as Principal Constituents. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as B 620-77. Last previous edition was B 620-93.

  1. Standard specification for nickel-iron-chromium-molybdenum-columbium stabilized alloy (UNS N08700) bar and wire. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-04-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt, and Alloys Containing Nickel or Cobalt or Both as Principal Constituents. Current edition approved Feb. 15, 1995. Published April 1995. Originally published as B 672-74. Last previous edition was B 672-85.

  2. Standard specification for nickel-chromium-molybdenum-tungsten alloys (UNS N06110) plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt, and Alloys Containing Nickel or Cobalt or Both as Principal Constituents. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published October 1998. Originally published as B 755-86. Last previous edition was B 755-93.

  3. 76 FR 67673 - Welded ASTM A-312 Stainless Steel Pipe From South Korea and Taiwan: Final Results of Expedited...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ...On July 1, 2011, the Department of Commerce (the Department) initiated sunset reviews of the antidumping duty orders on welded ASTM A-312 stainless steel pipe from South Korea and Taiwan, pursuant to section 751(c) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). The Department has conducted expedited (120-day) sunset reviews for both orders pursuant to section 751(c)(3)(B) of the Act and 19......

  4. A logical extension of the ASTM Standard E96 to determine the dependence of water vapor transmission on relative humidity

    SciTech Connect

    Lackey, J.C.; Marchand, R.G.; Kumaran, M.K.

    1997-11-01

    It is well known that the water vapor transmission properties of hygroscopic building materials depend on the local relative humidities(rh). Traditionally, the ASTM Standard E96 specifies only two conditions of rh. The dry cup method in the standard corresponds to a mean rh of 25% and the wet cup to 75%. This information is not enough to describe the behavior of the material through the entire range of rh. European Standards have already proposed an extension of the existing standard to address this issue. ASTM standard should follow this change. A logical extension of the E96 standard to include the effect of rh on water vapor transmission properties has been proposed and is being discussed by one of the C16 Committee Task Groups. This paper presents the application of the proposed extension to several common building materials. The details include the operating principles of a constant temperature-rh chamber and the effects on the test results, of the vapor resistance offered by still air inside the cup, the surface resistances and buoyancy. The experimental data were used to critically assess the above effects. The data as well as the analyses of the data are expected to provide guidance to refine the existing ASTM Standard.

  5. Prospects for Adapting Current ASTM Wear and Erosion Tests for Bulk Materials to Thin Films, Coatings, and Surface Treatments

    SciTech Connect

    Blau, Peter Julian

    2007-01-01

    Most of ASTM Committee G2's erosion, wear, and friction test standards were developed for use with bulk materials, yet there is a growing need to evaluate the tribological behavior of films, coatings, and surface treatments (FCSTs), some that affect layers only tens of nanometers to a few micrometers thick. Tribotesting standards for bulk materials can sometimes be modified for use on FCSTs, but the conditions and methods developed for bulk materials may sometimes be too severe or inapplicable. An internet search and literature review indicated that a number of G2 Committee standards are currently being used for FCSTs. Of these, ASTM G99 and G65 seem to be the most popular. When attempting to apply an existing wear standard for bulk materials to FCSTs, two key issues must be addressed: (1) whether changes are needed in the magnitudes of the applied conditions, and (2) whether more precise methods are needed to measure the magnitude of surface damage. Straightforward calculations underscore the limitations for wear measurement of thin layers when evaluated using block-on-ring and pin-on-disk tests. Finally, suggestions are given for modifying selected ASTM G2 standards to enable their use on films, coatings, and surface treatments.

  6. Considerations on the ASTM standards 1789-04 and 1422-05 on the forensic examination of ink.

    PubMed

    Neumann, Cedric; Margot, Pierre

    2010-09-01

    The ASTM standards on Writing Ink Identification (ASTM 1789-04) and on Writing Ink Comparison (ASTM 1422-05) are the most up-to-date guidelines that have been published on the forensic analysis of ink. The aim of these documents is to cover most aspects of the forensic analysis of ink evidence, from the analysis of ink samples, the comparison of the analytical profile of these samples (with the aim to differentiate them or not), through to the interpretation of the result of the examination of these samples in a forensic context. Significant evolutions in the technology available to forensic scientists, in the quality assurance requirements brought onto them, and in the understanding of frameworks to interpret forensic evidence have been made in recent years. This article reviews the two standards in the light of these evolutions and proposes some practical improvements in terms of the standardization of the analyses, the comparison of ink samples, and the interpretation of ink examination. Some of these suggestions have already been included in a DHS funded project aimed at creating a digital ink library for the United States Secret Service. PMID:20487143

  7. ASTM standards for measuring solar reflectance and infrared emittance of construction materials and comparing their steady-state surface temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Akbari, H.; Levinson, R.; Berdahl, P.

    1996-08-01

    Numerous experiments on individual buildings in California and Florida show that painting roofs white reduces air conditioning load up to 50%, depending on the thermal resistance or amount of insulation under the roof. The savings, of course, are strong functions of the thermal integrity of a building and climate. In earlier work, the authors have estimated the national energy savings potential from reflective roofs and paved surfaces. Achieving this potential, however, is conditional on receiving the necessary Federal, states, and electric utilities support to develop materials with high solar reflectance and design effective implementation programs. An important step in initiating an effective program in this area is to work with the american Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the industry to create test procedures, rating, and labeling for building and paving materials. A subcommittee of ASTM E06, E06.42, on Cool Construction Materials, was formed as the vehicle to develop standard practices for measuring, rating, and labeling cool construction materials. The subcommittee has also undertaken the development of a standard practice for calculating a solar reflectance index (SRI) of horizontal and low-sloped surfaces. SRI is a measure of the relative steady-state temperature of a surface with respect to a standard white surface (SRI = 100) and a standard black surface (SRI = 0) under standard solar and ambient conditions. This paper discusses the technical issues relating to development of these two ASTM standards.

  8. Identification of collected volatile condensable material (CVCM) from ASTM E595 of silicone damper fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Easton, Myriam P.; Labatete-Goeppinger, Aura C.; Fowler, Jesse D.; Liu, De-Ling

    2014-09-01

    Polydimethylsiloxane damping fluids used for structural deployment mechanisms are not required to be low outgassing. During normal use, these damping fluids are typically encapsulated; however, an unintentional leak may occur which would cause an undesirable contamination at the leak point and form volatile condensable that could reach contamination-sensitive surfaces, degrading the performance of satellites. The collected volatile condensable material (CVCM) at 25 °C from ASTM E595 of a damping fluid, MeSi-300K, was < 0.10%, when the damping fluid was maintained at 125 °C for 24 hours under 10-6 Torr vacuum. MeSi-300K viscosity is 300,000 cSt, which indicates an average molecular weight (MW) of 204,000. This large MW polymer would contain about 2,756 dimethyl siloxane (DMS) units in the chain. These long chains are not expected to be volatile; however, during manufacture, linear chains and cyclic compounds of a smaller number of DMS units produced are volatile. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify the CVCM. Characterization of these materials revealed that the CVCM contained higher MW siloxanes, straight chain and cyclic, in the range of 682 to 1196 (9 to 16 DMS units), whereas CVCM from spacequalified, silicone-based materials have lower MW, 222 to 542 (3 to 7 DMS units). Consequently, contamination from MeSi-300K material would produce greater amounts of higher-MW siloxanes than space-qualified silicones. These higher-MW species would be harder to remove by evaporation and could remain on sensitive surfaces.

  9. ASTM E 1559 method for measuring material outgassing/deposition kinetics has applications to aerospace, electronics, and semiconductor industries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, J. W.; Glassford, A. P. M.; Steakley, J. M.

    1994-01-01

    The American Society for Testing and Materials has published a new standard test method for characterizing time and temperature-dependence of material outgassing kinetics and the deposition kinetics of outgassed species on surfaces at various temperatures. This new ASTM standard, E 1559(1), uses the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) collection measurement approach. The test method was originally developed under a program sponsored by the United States Air Force Materials Laboratory (AFML) to create a standard test method for obtaining outgassing and deposition kinetics data for spacecraft materials. Standardization by ASTM recognizes that the method has applications beyond aerospace. In particular, the method will provide data of use to the electronics, semiconductor, and high vacuum industries. In ASTM E 1559 the material sample is held in vacuum in a temperature-controlled effusion cell, while its outgassing flux impinges on several QCM's which view the orifice of the effusion cell. Sample isothermal total mass loss (TML) is measured as a function of time from the mass collected on one of the QCM's which is cooled by liquid nitrogen, and the view factor from this QCM to the cell. The amount of outgassed volatile condensable material (VCM) on surfaces at higher temperatures is measured as a function of time during the isothermal outgassing test by controlling the temperatures of the remaining QCM's to selected values. The VCM on surfaces at temperatures in between those of the collector QCM's is determined at the end of the isothermal test by heating the QCM's at a controlled rate and measuring the mass loss from the end of the QCM's as a function of time and temperature. This reevaporation of the deposit collected on the QCM's is referred to as QCM thermogravimetric analysis. Isothermal outgassing and deposition rates can be determined by differentiating the isothermal TML and VCM data, respectively, while the evaporation rates of the species can be obtained as a

  10. Vacuum decay container/closure integrity testing technology. Part 1. ASTM F2338-09 precision and bias studies.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Heinz; Stauffer, Tony; Chen, Shu-Chen Y; Lee, Yoojin; Forster, Ronald; Ludzinski, Miron; Kamat, Madhav; Godorov, Phillip; Guazzo, Dana Morton

    2009-01-01

    ASTM F2338-09 Standard Test Method for Nondestructive Detection of Leaks in Packages by Vacuum Decay Method is applicable for leak-testing rigid and semi-rigid non-lidded trays; trays or cups sealed with porous barrier lidding materials; rigid, nonporous packages; and flexible, nonporous packages. Part 1 of this series describes the precision and bias studies performed in 2008 to expand this method's scope to include rigid, nonporous packages completely or partially filled with liquid. Round robin tests using three VeriPac 325/LV vacuum decay leak testers (Packaging Technologies & Inspection, LLC, Tuckahoe, NY) were performed at three test sites. Test packages were 1-mL glass syringes. Positive controls had laser-drilled holes in the barrel ranging from about 5 to 15 microm in nominal diameter. Two different leak tests methods were performed at each site: a "gas leak test" performed at 250 mbar (absolute) and a "liquid leak test" performed at about 1 mbar (absolute). The gas leak test was used to test empty, air-filled syringes. All defects with holes > or = 5.0 microm and all no-defect controls were correctly identified. The only false negative result was attributed to a single syringe with a < 5.0-microm hole. Tests performed using a calibrated air leak supported a 0.10-cm3 x min(-1) (ccm) sensitivity limit (99/99 lower tolerance limit). The liquid leak test was used to test both empty, air-filled syringes and water-filled syringes. Test results were 100% accurate for all empty and water-filled syringes, both without holes and with holes (5, 10, and 15 microm). Tests performed using calibrated air flow leaks of 0, 0.05, and 0.10 ccm were also 100% accurate; data supported a 0.10-ccm sensitivity limit (99/99 lower tolerance limit). Quantitative differential pressure results strongly correlated to hole size using either liquid or gas vacuum decay leak tests. The higher vacuum liquid leak test gave noticeably higher pressure readings when water was present in the

  11. Evaluation of various generic types of building sealants against ASTM C-920, standard specification for elastomeric joint sealants

    SciTech Connect

    Fiorillo, A.R.

    1996-12-31

    A number of sealant manufacturers suggest that although they supply primers for their sealants, in many cases the primers may not be necessary. They usually suggest running a test on the substrates the sealants are to be used with to determine if the primers are needed. This paper will discuss the results of testing several commercially available polysulfide, silicone and polyurethane sealants against ASTM C-920, Standard Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants. Morar, plate glass and anodized aluminum were used as the substrates. Where manufacturers supplied primers, the sealant was tested with and without their primer. Where the manufacturer did not recommend primers, testing was only doe without a primer.

  12. The fatigue-crack propagation behavior of ASTM A533-B steel tested in vacuo at LWR operating temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    James, L.A.

    1987-01-01

    The fatigue-crack propagation (FCP) behavior of ASTM A533-B-1 steel was characterized in vacuo at 288/sup 0/C. Tests were conducted at two stress ratios: R = 0.05 and R = 0.7. Results of these tests were compared with results from previous studies for the same type of steel tested in an air environment, and FCP rates in vacuo were generally lower than those in air. Stress ratio effects in vacuo were not as great as those in air, and both stress ratio effects and environmental effects are discussed from the standpoint of crack closure concepts.

  13. Optimizing surface quality of stainless alloys and using a modified ASTM G 48B procedure for acceptance testing

    SciTech Connect

    Maurer, J.R.

    1999-01-01

    The formation of high-temperature oxide scales and Cr-depleted zones on stainless alloys, such as 6% Mo superaustenitic steels, can significantly reduce their corrosion resistance. Effective methods to remove these layers and restore the surface to an optimized condition are detailed. Also, an acceptance test using a modified ASTM G 48B method at 35 C (95 F) for 72 h with a specimen having a crevice, and special corrosion criteria for failure, are described. Comparison of this test method with one using an uncreviced specimen at lower temperatures and for less time is discussed.

  14. Uptakes of Cs and Sr on San Joaquin soil measured following ASTM method C1733.

    SciTech Connect

    Ebert, W.L.; Petri, E.T.

    2012-04-04

    Series of tests were conducted following ASTM Standard Procedure C1733 to evaluate the repeatability of the test and the effects of several test parameters, including the solution-to-soil mass ratio, test duration, pH, and the concentrations of contaminants in the solution. This standard procedure is recommended for measuring the distribution coefficient (K{sub d}) of a contaminant in a specific soil/groundwater system. One objective of the current tests was to identify experimental conditions that can be used in future interlaboratory studies to determine the reproducibility of the test method. This includes the recommendation of a standard soil, the range of contaminant concentrations and solution matrix, and various test parameters. Quantifying the uncertainty in the distribution coefficient that can be attributed to the test procedure itself allows the differences in measured values to be associated with differences in the natural systems being studied. Tests were conducted to measure the uptake of Cs and Sr dissolved as CsCl and Sr(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} in a dilute NaHCO{sub 3}/SiO{sub 2} solution (representing contaminants in a silicate groundwater) by a NIST standard reference material of San Joaquin soil (SRM 2709a). Tests were run to measure the repeatability of the method and the sensitivity of the test response to the reaction time, the mass of soil used (at a constant soil-to-solution ratio), the solution pH, and the contaminant concentration. All tests were conducted in screw-top Teflon vessels at 30 C in an oven. All solutions were passed through a 0.45-{mu}m pore size cellulose acetate membrane filter and stabilized with nitric acid prior to analysis with inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Scoping tests with soil in demineralized water resulted in a solution pH of about 8.0 and the release of small amounts of Sr from the soil. Solutions were made with targeted concentrations of 1 x 10{sup -6} m, 1 x 10{sup -5} m, 2.5 x 10{sup -5} m, 5

  15. Development of ASTM Standard for SiC-SiC Joint Testing Final Scientific/Technical Report

    SciTech Connect

    Jacobsen, George; Back, Christina

    2015-10-30

    As the nuclear industry moves to advanced ceramic based materials for cladding and core structural materials for a variety of advanced reactors, new standards and test methods are required for material development and licensing purposes. For example, General Atomics (GA) is actively developing silicon carbide (SiC) based composite cladding (SiC-SiC) for its Energy Multiplier Module (EM2), a high efficiency gas cooled fast reactor. Through DOE funding via the advanced reactor concept program, GA developed a new test method for the nominal joint strength of an endplug sealed to advanced ceramic tubes, Fig. 1-1, at ambient and elevated temperatures called the endplug pushout (EPPO) test. This test utilizes widely available universal mechanical testers coupled with clam shell heaters, and specimen size is relatively small, making it a viable post irradiation test method. The culmination of this effort was a draft of an ASTM test standard that will be submitted for approval to the ASTM C28 ceramic committee. Once the standard has been vetted by the ceramics test community, an industry wide standard methodology to test joined tubular ceramic components will be available for the entire nuclear materials community.

  16. Moessbauer spectroscopy study on the corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided ASTM F138 stainless steel in chloride solution

    SciTech Connect

    Souza, S.D. de; Olzon-Dionysio, M.; Basso, R.L.O.; Souza, S. de

    2010-10-15

    Plasma nitriding of ASTM F138 stainless steel samples has been carried out using dc glow discharge under 80% H{sub 2}-20% N{sub 2} gas mixture, at 673 K, and 2, 4, and 7 h time intervals, in order to investigate the influence of treatment time on the microstructure and the corrosion resistance properties. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, glancing angle X-ray diffraction and conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy, besides electrochemical tests in NaCl aerated solution. A modified layer of about 6 {mu}m was observed for all the nitrided samples, independent of nitriding time. The X-ray diffraction analysis shows broad {gamma}{sub N} phase peaks, signifying a great degree of nitrogen supersaturation. Besides {gamma}{sub N,} the Moessbauer spectroscopy results indicated the occurrence of {gamma}' and {epsilon} phases, as well as some other less important phases. Corrosion measurements demonstrate that the plasma nitriding time affects the corrosion resistance and the best performance is reached at 4 h treatment. It seems that the {epsilon}/{gamma}' fraction ratio plays an important role on the resistance corrosion. Additionally, the Moessbauer spectroscopy was decisive in this study, since it was able to identify and quantify the iron phases that influence the corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided ASTM F138 samples.

  17. J/sub Ic/ fracture toughness of ferritic DCI (ductile cast iron) alloys: A comparison of two versions of ASTM E 813

    SciTech Connect

    Salzbrenner, R.

    1989-05-01

    The fracture toughness of several ductile cast iron (DCI) alloys has been calculated according to two versions of the ASTM Standard covering the determination of J/sub Ic/. The original version (ASTM E 813-81) had previously been used to establish the relationship between ferritic DCI alloys and the graphite nodule spacing. The J/sub Ic/ values were recalculated by the methods of the revised version of the ASTM Standard (ASME 813-87), and were found to be 5 to 8% higher than those determined by the original standard. A linear regression analysis was used to reaffirm that the fracture toughness is directly related to the graphite nodule size or spacing. 6 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  18. The history and development of FETAX (ASTM standard guide, E-1439 on conducting the frog embryo teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dumont, J.N.; Bantle, J.A.; Linder, G.

    2003-01-01

    The energy crisis of the 1970's and 1980's prompted the search for alternative sources of fuel. With development of alternate sources of energy, concerns for biological resources potentially adversely impacted by these alternative technologies also heightened. For example, few biological tests were available at the time to study toxic effects of effluents on surface waters likely to serve as receiving streams for energy-production facilities; hence, we began to use Xenopus laevis embryos as test organisms to examine potential toxic effects associated with these effluents upon entering aquatic systems. As studies focused on potential adverse effects on aquatic systems continued, a test procedure was developed that led to the initial standardization of FETAX. Other .than a limited number of aquatic toxicity tests that used fathead minnows and cold-water fishes such as rainbow trout, X. laevis represented the only other aquatic vertebrate test system readily available to evaluate complex effluents. With numerous laboratories collaborating, the test with X. laevis was refined, improved, and developed as ASTM E-1439, Standard Guide for the Conducting Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus (FETAX). Collabrative work in the 1990s yielded procedural enhancements, for example, development of standard test solutions and exposure methods to handle volatile organics and hydrophobic compounds. As part of the ASTM process, a collaborative interlaboratory study was performed to determine the repeatability and reliability of FETAX. Parallel to these efforts, methods were also developed to test sediments and soils, and in situ test methods were developed to address "lab-to-field extrapolation errors" that could influence the method's use in ecological risk assessments. Additionally, a metabolic activation system composed of rat liver microsomes was developed which made FETAX more relevant to mammalian studies.

  19. WILL THE MOUSE BIOASSAY FOR ESTIMATING SENSORY IRRITANCY OF AIRBORNE CHEMICALS (ASTM E 981-84) BE USEFUL FOR EVALUATION OF INDOOR AIR CONTAMINANTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    For many toxic inhalants, sensory irritation is the first detectable response. tandardized bioassay, ASTM E 981-84, that quantitates irritancy as a reduction in breathing rate of the mouse during inhalation exposure, has been developed. he validation of this screen for detecting ...

  20. An Experimental Copyright Moratorium: Study of a Proposed Solution to the Copyright Photocopying Problem. Final Report to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heilprin, Laurence B.

    The Committee to Investigate Copyright Problems (CICP), a non-profit organization dedicated to resolving the conflict known as the "copyright photocopying problem" was joined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), a large national publisher of technical and scientific standards, in a plan to simulate a long-proposed solution to…

  1. Standard specification for castings of iron-chromium-nickel-molybdenum corrosion-resistant, duplex (austenitic/ferritic) for general application. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.18 on Castings. Current edition approved Nov. 10, 1997 and published August 1998. Originally published as A 890-88. Last previous edition was A 890/A 890M-94a.

  2. Standard specification for hot-rolled and cold-finished zirconium and zirconium alloy bars, rod, and wire for nuclear application. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-10 on Reactive and Refractory Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B10.02 on Zirconium and Hafnium. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 1997. Published February 1998. Originally published as B 351-60T. Last previous edition B 351-92.

  3. Standard specification for pressure vessel plates, alloy steel, quenched-and-tempered, chromium-molybdenum, and chromium-molybdenum-vanadium. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the responsibility of Subcommittee A01.11 on Steel Plates for Boiler and Pressure Vessels. Current edition approved Jun. 15, 1995. Published August 1995. Originally published as A 542-65. Last previous edition A 542/A 542M-93.

  4. Standard specification for common requirements for steel fasteners or fastener materials, or both, intended for use at any temperature from cryogenic to the creep range. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.22 on Steel Forgings and Wrought Fittings for Piping Applications and Bolting Materials for Piping and Special Purpose Applications. Current edition approved Jul. 10, 1998 and published October 1998.

  5. Standard test method for evaluating the influence of thermal insulations on external stress corrosion cracking tendency of austenitic stainless steel. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-06-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-16 on Thermal Insulation and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C16.31 on Chemical and Physical Properties. Current edition approved Nov. 10, 1997 and published June 1998. Originally published as C 692-71. Last previous edition was C 692-95a.

  6. Standard specification for UNS N06002, UNS N06230, UNS N12160, and UNS R30556 plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 435-66T. Last previous edition was B 435-94.

  7. Standard specification for steel, sheet and strip, high-strength, low-alloy, columbium or vanadium, or both, hot-rolled and cold-rolled. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    DoD adopted. This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A05.19 on Steel Sheet and Strip. Current edition approved Jun. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as A 607-70. Last previous edition was A 607-96.

  8. Evaluating thin film fluid lubricants in a drain and dry mode using a pin and vee block test machine. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1994-12-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-2 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D02.L0.05 on Solid Lubricants. The current edition was approved Oct. 15, 1994 and published December 1994.

  9. Spontaneous ignition in afterburner segment tests at an inlet temperature of 1240 K and a pressure of 1 atmosphere with ASTM jet-A fuel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schultz, D. F.; Branstetter, J. R.

    1973-01-01

    A brief testing program was undertaken to determine if spontaneous ignition and stable combustion could be obtained in a jet engine afterburning operating with an inlet temperature of 1240 K and a pressure of 1 atmosphere with ASTM Jet-A fuel. Spontaneous ignition with 100-percent combustion efficiency and stable burning was obtained using water-cooled fuel spraybars as flameholders.

  10. Effect of increased fuel temperature on emissions of oxides of nitrogen from a gas turbine combustor burning ASTM jet-A fuel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marchionna, N. R.

    1974-01-01

    An annular gas turbine combustor was tested with heated ASTM Jet-A fuel to determine the effect of increased fuel temperature on the formation of oxides of nitrogen. Fuel temperature ranged from ambient to 700 K. The NOx emission index increased at a rate of 6 percent per 100 K increase in fuel temperature.

  11. Pesticide glove permeation analysis: comparison of the ASTM F739 test method with an automated flow-through reverse-phase liquid chromatography procedure.

    PubMed

    Moody, R P; Ritter, L

    1990-02-01

    The results of two methods of analysis for measuring glove permeability to pesticides are reported. The standard ASTM F739-85 testing procedure was used to determine breakthrough times and permeation rates for four protective glove materials for two commercially available pesticide formulations. The same glove materials and pesticides then were tested using an in-house developed automated in-vitro diffusion analysis (AIDA) procedure. The ASTM and AIDA procedures both demonstrated no detectable breakthrough of Sevin 50W or 2,4-D Amine 96% for nitrile butyl rubber and polyvinyl chloride gloves. Although no breakthrough of Sevin 50W or 2,4-D Amine 96 was detected for natural rubber or neoprene gloves following the ASTM procedure, permeation was observed in 2 of 3 replicate tests for both rubber and neoprene gloves when using the AIDA method. The observed discrepancy may have been caused by a longer sampling duration for the AIDA method (16 hr) than the ASTM procedure (8 hr). Advantages of the AIDA procedure are discussed. PMID:2106251

  12. Cyclic Polarization Behavior of ASTM A537-Cl.1 Steel in the Vapor Space Above Simulated Waste

    SciTech Connect

    Wiersma, B

    2004-11-01

    An assessment of the potential degradation mechanisms of Types I and II High-Level Waste (HLW) Tanks determined that pitting corrosion and stress corrosion cracking were the two most significant degradation mechanisms. Specifically, nitrate induced stress corrosion cracking was determined to be the principal degradation mechanism for the primary tank steel of non-stress relieved tanks. Controls on the solution chemistry have been in place to preclude the initiation and propagation of degradation in the tanks. However, recent experience has shown that steel not in contact with the bulk waste solution or slurry, but exposed to the ''vapor space'' above the bulk waste, may be vulnerable to the initiation and propagation of degradation, including pitting and stress corrosion cracking. A program to resolve the issues associated with potential vapor space corrosion is in place. The objective of the program is to develop understanding of vapor space (VSC) and liquid/air interface (LAIC) corrosion to ensure a defensible technical basis to provide accurate corrosion evaluations with regard to vapor space and liquid/air interface corrosion (similar to current evaluations). There are several needs for a technically defensible basis with sufficient understanding to perform these evaluations. These include understanding of the (1) surface chemistry evolution, (2) corrosion response through coupon testing, and (3) mechanistic understanding through electrochemical studies. Experimentation performed in FY02 determined the potential for vapor space and liquid/air interface corrosion of ASTM A285-70 and ASTM A537-Cl.1 steels. The material surface characteristics, i.e. mill-scale, polished, were found to play a key role in the pitting response. The experimentation indicated that the potential for limited vapor space and liquid/air interface pitting exists at 1.5M nitrate solution when using chemistry controls designed to prevent stress corrosion cracking. Experimentation performed in

  13. A modified ASTM G-75 abrasion test helps select candidate alloys for service in a corrosive and abrasive slurry

    SciTech Connect

    Corbett, R.A.; Morrison, W.S.; Jenkins, C.F.; Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC )

    1989-01-01

    The design of a hazardous waste immobilization facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) set material requirements for both abrasion resistance and corrosion resistance in process equipment. Standard ASTM slurry wear test G75 was modified to permit evaluation and comparison of abrasive resistance of candidate materials of construction in the laboratory. However, corrosion was found to contribute significantly to overall metal loss during the testing. Consequently, the abrasive slurry used for the testing was modified by adjusting its chemistry to include appropriate corrosive species. The Miller numbers obtained in the modified G75 Miller abrasion test are described. Pilot plant observations for Type 304L austenitic stainless steel were available. These data were used to generate a Morrison-Miller Ratio'' in order to determine anticipated field abrasion properties for other alloys. Hardness for many of the alloys fell in a narrow range about Rockwell B90, but performance varied significantly in response to slurry chemistry. This effect if synergistic may often be overlooked in the selection process, and it needs to be addressed. Some pilot plant testing of other alloys is essential to confirm the calculated abrasion rates and the approach of using the Morrison-Miller ratio. 6 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  14. Sensitization Behavior of Type 409 Ferritic Stainless Steel: Confronting DL-EPR Test and Practice W of ASTM A763

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scalise, Taís Campos; de Oliveira, Mara Cristina Lopes; Sayeg, Isaac Jamil; Antunes, Renato Altobelli

    2014-06-01

    Stainless steels employed for manufacturing automotive exhaust systems must withstand severe thermal cycles, corrosive environment due to urea decomposition, and welding operations. AISI 409 ferritic stainless steel can be considered a low-cost alternative for this application. However, depending on the manufacturing conditions during welding cycles, this material can be sensitized due to the precipitation of chromium carbides at grain boundaries. In this work, the intergranular corrosion resistances of the AISI 409 ferritic stainless steel were evaluated after annealing at 300, 500, and 700 °C for 2, 4, and 6 h. Solution-annealed samples were also tested for comparison purposes. Two methodologies were used to assess the sensitization behavior of the 409 stainless steel samples: the first one was based on the ASTM A763 (practice W), while the second one was based on the double-loop electrochemical potentiodynamic reactivation test. It was possible to identify that the annealing treatment performed at 500 °C was more critical to the occurrence of intergranular corrosion.

  15. Narrow groove gas tungsten arc welding of ASTM A508 Class 4 steel for improved toughness properties

    SciTech Connect

    Penik, M.A. Jr.

    1997-04-01

    Welding of heavy section steel has traditionally used the automatic submerged arc welding (ASAW) process because of the high deposition rates achievable. However, the properties, particularly fracture toughness, of the weld are often inferior when compared to base material. This project evaluated the use of narrow groove gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) to improve weld material properties. The welding procedures were developed for ASTM A508 Class 4 base material using a 1% Ni filler material complying to AWS Specification A.23-90-EF3-F3-N. A narrow groove joint preparation was used in conjunction with the GTAW process so competitive fabrication rates could be achieved when compared to the ASAW process. Weld procedures were developed to refine weld substructure to achieve better mechanical properties. Two heaters of weld wire were used to examine the effects of minor filler metal chemistry differences on weld mechanical properties. Extensive metallographic evaluations showed excellent weld quality with a refined microstructure. Chemical analysis of the weld metal showed minimal weld dilution by the base metal. Mechanical testing included bend and tensile tests to ensure weld quality and strength. A Charpy impact energy curve versus temperature and fracture toughness curve versus temperature were developed for each weld wire heat. Results of fracture toughness and Charpy impact testing indicated an improved transition temperature closer to that of the base material properties.

  16. The effect of water injection on nitric oxide emissions of a gas turbine combustor burning ASTM Jet-A fuel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marchionna, N. R.; Diehl, L. A.; Trout, A. M.

    1973-01-01

    Tests were conducted to determine the effect of water injection on oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions of a full annular, ram induction gas turbine combustor burning ASTM Jet-A fuel. The combustor was operated at conditions simulating sea-level takeoff and cruise conditions. Water at ambient temperature was injected into the combustor primary zone at water-fuel ratios up to 2. At an inlet-air temperature of 589 K (600 F) water injection decreased the NOx emission index at a constant exponential rate: NOx = NOx (o) e to the -15 W/F power (where W/F is the water-fuel ratio and NOx(o) indicates the value with no injection). The effect of increasing combustor inlet-air temperature was to decrease the effect of the water injection. Other operating variables such as pressure and reference Mach number did not appear to significantly affect the percent reduction in NOx. Smoke emissions were found to decrease with increasing water injection.

  17. Comparison of chemical permeation data obtained with ASTM and ISO permeation test cells--II. The ISO/DIS standard test procedure.

    PubMed

    Mellström, G A

    1991-04-01

    ASTM and ISO/DIS test cells were used for permeation testing according to the procedure proposed in draft international standard ISO/DIS 6259. Two compounds, toluene and 1,1,1-trichloroethane, were tested with one neoprene glove and one made of a specially prepared Neoprene material. Different open-loop systems, direct-flow measurement and a sampling system with different gas flow rates were compared, and the effects on the test result were evaluated. The initial breakthrough (BTT) times and cumulative breakthrough times (lag-BTT) were significantly influenced only by the measurement systems. Neither cell configuration nor changes in the gas flow rate influenced them to any degree relevant for comparison of the test values on a relative basis in most cases. The permeation rates (PER) and the cumulative amount permeating per cm2 in 60 min showed significant differences between measuring systems, gas flow rates and the ASTM vs the ISO/DIS test procedures. PMID:2042883

  18. Effect of primary-zone water injection on pollutants from a combustor burning liquid ASTM A-1 and vaporized propane fuels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ingebo, R. D.; Norgren, C. T.

    1973-01-01

    A combustor segment 0.457 meter (18 in.) long with a maximum cross section of 0.153 by 0.305 meter (6 by 12 in.) was operated at inlet-air temperatures of 590 and 700 K, inlet-air pressures of 4 and 10 atmospheres, and fuel-air ratios of 0.014 and 0.018 to determine the effect of primary-zone water injection on pollutants from burning either propane or ASTM A-1 fuel. At a simulated takeoff condition of 10 atmospheres and 700 K, multiple-orifice nozzles used to inject water at 1 percent of the airflow rate reduced nitrogen oxides 75 percent with propane and 65 percent with ASTM A-1 fuel. Although carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons increased with water injection, they remained relatively low; and smoke numbers were well below the visibility limit.

  19. Standard specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolan for use as a mineral admixture in concrete. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-9 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C09.24 on Ground Slag and Pozzolanic Admixtures. The current edition was approved Feb. 6, 1998 and published July 1998. It was originally published as C 618-68T to replace C 350 and C 402. The last previous edition was C 618-97.

  20. Evaluation of ASTM test method D 4867, effect of moisture on asphalt concrete paving mixtures. Final report, May 1995--May 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Stuart, K.D.

    1998-09-01

    The moisture sensitivities of 21 dense-graded asphalt pavements were predicted in 1987 using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Test Method D 4867, Effect of Moisture on Asphalt Concrete Paving Mixtures. Tests were performed on cores taken from the pavements. The air-void levels of the cores varied from pavement to pavement. In 1995 and 1996, cores were again taken from the pavements to ascertain whether the test method correctly predicted performance. Pavement distress surveys were also performed.

  1. Standard specification for heat-resisting chromium and chromium-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet, and strip for pressure vessels. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.17 on Flat Stainless Steel Products. Current edition approved Sep. 10, and Nov. 10, 1997, Apr. 10, and Jun. 10, 1998. Published October 1998. Originally published as A 240-40T. Last previous edition A 240/A 240M-97a.

  2. Corrosion testing of welds in austenitic stainless steel tubing using ASTM A 249 boiling HCl weld decay test (Supplementary requirement S7)

    SciTech Connect

    Pepin, J.J.; Blessman, E.R.; Lovejoy, P.T.

    1997-06-01

    Welded stainless steel tubing manufactured to ASTM A 249 specification, Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes, can exhibit substantial differences in its S7 Weld Decay Test performance. Manufacturing conditions are the major contributors to the variation in S7 results. The method of measuring the S7 samples can also contribute to nonrepresentative results. The S7 boiling HCl test is a good indication of weld homogenization. To ensure that the tubing will have no tendency toward selective or accelerated weld corrosion, a maximum corrosion ratio of 1.0 must be achieved across the entire weld.

  3. Final Report, Volume 5, Data Package for ASTM A923 Supporting Inclusion of A890-5 Super Duplex Stainless Steel (Cast Equivalent of 2507)

    SciTech Connect

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30

    Volume 5 is the Data Package for the evaluation of Super Duplex Stainless Steel Castings prepared at the end of work comprised in volumes 3 and 4. The document deals with the various evaluation methods used in the work documented in volume 3 and 4. This document covers materials regarding evaluation of the A890-5A material in terms of inclusion in ASTM A923. The various tests which were conducted on the A890-5A material are included in this document.

  4. Final Report, Volume 5, Data Package for ASTM A923 Supporting Inclusion of A890-5A Super Duplex Stainless Steel ( Cast Equivalent of 2507)

    SciTech Connect

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, D.

    2005-09-30

    Volume 5 is the Data Package for the evaluation of Super Duplex Stainless Steel Castings prepared at the end of work comprised in volumes 3 and 4. The document deals with the various evaluation methods used in the work documented in volume 3 and 4. This document covers materials regarding evaluation of the A890-5A material in terms of inclusion in ASTM A923. The various tests which were conducted on the A890-5A material are included in this document.

  5. Computer program for obtaining thermodynamic and transport properties of air and products of combustion of ASTM-A-1 fuel and air

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hippensteele, S. A.; Colladay, R. S.

    1978-01-01

    A computer program for determining desired thermodynamic and transport property values by means of a three-dimensional (pressure, fuel-air ratio, and either enthalpy or temperature) interpolation routine was developed. The program calculates temperature (or enthalpy), molecular weight, viscosity, specific heat at constant pressure, thermal conductivity, isentropic exponent (equal to the specific heat ratio at conditions where gases do not react), Prandtl number, and entropy for air and a combustion gas mixture of ASTM-A-1 fuel and air over fuel-air ratios from zero to stoichiometric, pressures from 1 to 40 atm, and temperatures from 250 to 2800 K.

  6. Investigation of the susceptibility of conventional ASTM A515-70 pressure vessel steel to HIC and SOHIC in H{sub 2}S - containing DGA solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Anezi, M.A.; Frankel, G.S.; Agrawal, A.K.

    1999-07-01

    Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) and Stress Oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking (SOHIC) tests were conducted on a conventional ASTM A516-70 pressure vessel steel exposed to H{sub 2}S-containing diglycolamine (DGA) gas- sweetening environments. Baseline HIC and SOHIC tests were conducted in NACE TM-0284-A-96 solution. For the SOHIC tests, four-point double beam specimens were stressed to 60%, 80% or 100% of the yield strength of the steel in order to study the effect of applied stress. Test conditions included solutions containing 70 wt.% DGA and 500 ppm H{sub 2}S to 0.45 or higher mole-H{sub 2}S/mole-DGA and temperatures of 25, 45 and 80 C. Corrosion rates of the steel were calculated from weight loss of the HIC specimens in order to compare the severity of the test environment with the actual service environment. Cracks were characterized in terms of crack length ratio (CLR), crack thickness ratio (CTR) and crack sensitivity ratio (CSR). Results indicate that conventional ASTM A516-70 pressure vessel steel is not susceptible to HIC or SOHIC in various H{sub 2}S-containing DGA solutions at the temperatures studied.

  7. Validation of standard ASTM F2732 and comparison with ISO 11079 with respect to comfort temperature ratings for cold protective clothing.

    PubMed

    Gao, Chuansi; Lin, Li-Yen; Halder, Amitava; Kuklane, Kalev; Holmér, Ingvar

    2015-01-01

    American standard ASTM F2732 estimates the lowest environmental temperature for thermal comfort for cold weather protective clothing. International standard ISO 11079 serves the same purpose but expresses cold stress in terms of required clothing insulation for a given cold climate. The objective of this study was to validate and compare the temperature ratings using human subject tests at two levels of metabolic rates (2 and 4 MET corresponding to 116.4 and 232.8 W/m(2)). Nine young and healthy male subjects participated in the cold exposure at 3.4 and -30.6 °C. The results showed that both standards predict similar temperature ratings for an intrinsic clothing insulation of 1.89 clo and for 2 MET activity. The predicted temperature rating for 2 MET activity is consistent with test subjects' thermophysiological responses, perceived thermal sensation and thermal comfort. For 4 MET activity, however, the whole body responses were on the cold side, particularly the responses of the extremities. ASTM F2732 is also limited due to its omission and simplification of three climatic variables (air velocity, radiant temperature and relative humidity) and exposure time in the cold which are of practical importance. PMID:25042791

  8. Application of Response Surface Methodology for Modeling of Postweld Heat Treatment Process in a Pressure Vessel Steel ASTM A516 Grade 70

    PubMed Central

    Peasura, Prachya

    2015-01-01

    This research studied the application of the response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite design (CCD) experiment in mathematical model and optimizes postweld heat treatment (PWHT). The material of study is a pressure vessel steel ASTM A516 grade 70 that is used for gas metal arc welding. PWHT parameters examined in this study included PWHT temperatures and time. The resulting materials were examined using CCD experiment and the RSM to determine the resulting material tensile strength test, observed with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The experimental results show that using a full quadratic model with the proposed mathematical model is YTS = −285.521 + 15.706X1 + 2.514X2 − 0.004X12 − 0.001X22 − 0.029X1X2. Tensile strength parameters of PWHT were optimized PWHT time of 5.00 hr and PWHT temperature of 645.75°C. The results show that the PWHT time is the dominant mechanism used to modify the tensile strength compared to the PWHT temperatures. This phenomenon could be explained by the fact that pearlite can contribute to higher tensile strength. Pearlite has an intensity, which results in increased material tensile strength. The research described here can be used as material data on PWHT parameters for an ASTM A516 grade 70 weld. PMID:26550602

  9. Application of Response Surface Methodology for Modeling of Postweld Heat Treatment Process in a Pressure Vessel Steel ASTM A516 Grade 70.

    PubMed

    Peasura, Prachya

    2015-01-01

    This research studied the application of the response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite design (CCD) experiment in mathematical model and optimizes postweld heat treatment (PWHT). The material of study is a pressure vessel steel ASTM A516 grade 70 that is used for gas metal arc welding. PWHT parameters examined in this study included PWHT temperatures and time. The resulting materials were examined using CCD experiment and the RSM to determine the resulting material tensile strength test, observed with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The experimental results show that using a full quadratic model with the proposed mathematical model is YTS = -285.521 + 15.706X1 + 2.514X2 - 0.004X1(2) - 0.001X2(2) - 0.029X1X2. Tensile strength parameters of PWHT were optimized PWHT time of 5.00 hr and PWHT temperature of 645.75°C. The results show that the PWHT time is the dominant mechanism used to modify the tensile strength compared to the PWHT temperatures. This phenomenon could be explained by the fact that pearlite can contribute to higher tensile strength. Pearlite has an intensity, which results in increased material tensile strength. The research described here can be used as material data on PWHT parameters for an ASTM A516 grade 70 weld. PMID:26550602

  10. Effect of Surface Finish on Fatigue Properties at Elevated Temperatures I : Low-carbon N-155 with Grain Size of A.S.T.M. 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ferguson, Robert R

    1951-01-01

    Effect of three surface finishes of roughness 4 to 5, 20 to 25, and 70 to 80 micro inches rms on fatigue properties were determined for low-carbon N-155 alloy of grain size A.S.T.M. 1 at temperatures of 80 , 1000, 1350, and 1500 F. The fatigue properties for the various finishes differed appreciably at room temperature; however, after short periods at 1000 F and for all periods investigated at temperatures above 1000 F, the specimen finishes had the same fatigue strength. It was concluded that the primary cause of the difference in room-temperature strength was due to compressive stresses set up in the surface and that at elevated temperatures these compressive stresses were relieved by annealing. Apparently, roughness alone did not significantly affect fatigue strength.

  11. A modified ASTM C1012 procedure for qualifying blended cements containing limestone and SCMs for use in sulfate-rich environments

    SciTech Connect

    Barcelo, Laurent; Gartner, Ellis; Barbarulo, Rémi; Hossack, Ashlee; Ahani, Reza; Thomas, Michael; Hooton, Doug; Brouard, Eric; Delagrave, Anik; Blair, Bruce

    2014-09-15

    Blended Portland cements containing up to 15% limestone have recently been introduced into Canada and the USA. These cements were initially not allowed for use in sulfate environments but this restriction has been lifted in the Canadian cement specification, provided that the “limestone cement” includes sufficient SCM and that it passes a modified version of the CSA A3004-C8 (equivalent to ASTM C1012) test procedure run at a low temperature (5 °C). This new procedure is proposed as a means of predicting the risk of the thaumasite form of sulfate attack in concretes containing limestone cements. The goal of the present study was to better understand how this approach works both in practice and in theory. Results from three different laboratories utilizing the CSA A3004-C8 test procedure are compared and analyzed, while also taking into account the results of thermodynamic modeling and of thaumasite formation experiments conducted in dilute suspensions.

  12. Standard practice for prediction of the long-term behavior of materials, including waste forms, used in engineered barrier systems (EBS) for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-26 on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C26.13 on Repository Waste Package Materials Testing. The current edition was approved Dec. 10, 1997. It was published August 1998, and previously published as C 1174-91. The last previous edition was C 1174-91.

  13. Standard specification for low-carbon nickel-molybdenum-chromium, low-carbon nickel-chromium-molybdenum, low-carbon nickel-chromium-molybdenum-copper and low-carbon nickel-chromium- molybdenum-tungsten alloy rod. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997 and published February 1998. Originally published as B 574-72. Last previous edition was B 574-94.

  14. Standard specification for supplementary requirements for seamless and electric-resistance-welded carbon steel tubular products for high-temperature service conforming to ISO recommendations for boiler construction. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel, Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A01.09 on Carbon Steel Tubular Products. Current edition approved Sep. 10, 1997 and published September 1998. Originally published as A 520-64. Last previous edition was A 520-90(1995).

  15. Blasting and Passivation Treatments for ASTM F139 Stainless Steel for Biomedical Applications: Effects on Surface Roughness, Hardening, and Localized Corrosion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barboza, Adriana L. Lemos; Kang, Kyung Won; Bonetto, Rita D.; Llorente, Carlos L.; Bilmes, Pablo D.; Gervasi, Claudio A.

    2015-01-01

    Due to the combination of good biofunctionality and biocompatibility at low cost, AISI 316 low carbon vacuum melting (LVM) stainless steel, as considered in ASTM F139 standard, is often the first choice for medical implants, particularly for use in orthopedic surgery. Proper surface finish must be provided to ensure adequate interactions of the alloy with human body tissues that in turn allows the material to deliver the desired performance. Preliminary studies performed in our laboratory on AISI 316LVM stainless steel surfaces modified by glass bead blasting (from industrial supplier) followed by different nitric acid passivation conditions disclosed the necessity to extend parameters of the surface treatments and to further consider roughness, pitting corrosion resistance, and surface and subsurface hardening measurements, all in one, as the most effective characterization strategy. This was the approach adopted in the present work. Roughness assessment was performed by means of amplitude parameters, functional parameters, and an estimator of the fractal dimension that characterizes surface topography. We clearly demonstrate that the blasting treatment should be carried out under controlled conditions in order to obtain similar surface and subsurface properties. Otherwise, a variation in one of the parameters could modify the surface properties, exerting a profound impact on its application as biomaterial. A passivation step is necessary to offset the detrimental effect of blasting on pitting corrosion resistance.

  16. Use of the ASTM standard for risk-based corrective action to support no further action at petroleum-impacted sites

    SciTech Connect

    Robles, H.; Haffman, B.; Manweiler, D.

    1996-08-01

    In July 1994, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) published their Emergency Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied to Petroleum Release Sites (ES 38-94). This document is a decision-making tool designed to help standardize, simplify and expedite the restoration and closure of sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. To achieve these objectives, ES 38-94 directs the response efforts - site assessment and remediation - toward protection of human health and the environment. This is done using a tiered approach that advances from (1) evaluation of site-specific conditions and risks, to (2) screening risk assessment, to (3) sophisticated risk assessment. Sites already in remediation often require sophisticated risk assessment (Tier III) to advance the restoration/closure process. To aid such assessment, ES 38-94 provides the fate-and-transport models and exposure equations best designed for the evaluation of risks from petroleum release sites. This paper explains the ES 38-94 process, describes the application of the risk assessment models at two leaking underground fuel tank sites in California, and offers suggestions for the future use of risk-based corrective action methodology to support requests for no further action.

  17. Composition of incipient passivating layers on heat-rejecting aluminum in carboxylate- and silicate-inhibited coolants: Correlation with ASTM D 4340 weight losses

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, F.T.; Moylan, T.E.; Simko, S.J.; Militello, M.C.

    1999-08-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy identified compositional differences between passivating layers initially formed in carboxylated coolants, in silicated coolants, and in a mixture thereof on well-controlled 319 aluminum surfaces under heat-rejecting conditions. The layer formed in silicated coolant was primarily silica, while that in carboxylated coolant was primarily hydrated alumina. Competition between inhibitor packages when carboxylated coolant was contaminated from the start with low levels of silicated coolant produced films which were not simply patchwise mixtures of the pure-coolant film types. The surface analytical results aid the interpretation of subtle differences in weight losses under the ASTM Standard Test Method for Corrosion of Cast Aluminum Alloys in Engine Coolants Under Heat-Rejecting Conditions (D 4340) in carboxylated versus silicated coolants that became more pronounced when testing was carried out at a vehicle-like 50% coolant concentration. Results from time-resolved D4340 measurements and from a two-step cleaning procedure further contribute towards proper evaluation of D4340 weight losses in the different coolant types.

  18. Effects of composition and heat treatment on the toughness of ASTM A508 Grade 3 Class 1 material for pressure vessels

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, M.; Hansen, S.S.; Nelson, T.D.; Focht, R.B.

    1997-12-31

    A laboratory study was conducted to evaluate the effects of composition and heat treatment on the toughness of ASTM A508 Grade 3 Class 1 material for pressure vessels. Five steels were vacuum induction melted and cast as ingots in the laboratory. These heats included a base steel representing the specification mid-range analysis, a steel containing higher levels of Si, Ni, and Cr (high-side composition) as compared to the base steel, and three steels derived from the high-side composition by adding Al, Al/N, and Nb, respectively. The ingots were rolled to plate, heat treated, and evaluated. Among these steels, the high-side composition with additions of Al and N displays the best strength/toughness combination. For example, a 75 mm-thick plate of this steel has acceptable strength and a reference nil ductility transition temperature (RT{sub NDT}) of {le} {minus} 29 C after austenitizing at 875 C, air cooling, and tempering at 660 C for up to 20 hours. Upper-nose temper embrittlement (UNTE) occurs in all these steels. This UNTE is attributed to the precipitation of needle-like Mo-rich carbides during tempering, and is significantly reduced by increasing the cooling rate after austenitizing.

  19. Results of the second Round Robin on opening-load measurement conducted by ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on crack closure measurement and analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, E.P.

    1993-11-01

    A second experimental Round Robin on the measurement of the crack opening load in fatigue crack growth tests has been completed by the ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis. Fourteen laboratories participated in the testing of aluminum alloy compact tension specimens. Opening-load measurements were made at three crack lengths during constant Delta K, constant stress ratio tests by most of the participants. Four participants made opening-load measurements during threshold tests. All opening-load measurements were based on the analysis of specimens compliance behavior, where the displacement/strain was measured either at the crack mouth or the mid-height back face location. The Round Robin data were analyzed for opening load using two non-subjective analysis methods: the compliance offset and the correlation coefficient methods. The scatter in the opening load results was significantly reduced when some of the results were excluded from the analysis population based on an accept/reject criterion for raw data quality. The compliance offset and correlation coefficient opening load analysis methods produced similar results for data populations that had been screened to eliminate poor quality data.

  20. Analytical modeling of the thermomechanical behavior of ASTM F-1586 high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel used as a biomaterial under multipass deformation.

    PubMed

    Bernardes, Fabiano R; Rodrigues, Samuel F; Silva, Eden S; Reis, Gedeon S; Silva, Mariana B R; Junior, Alberto M J; Balancin, Oscar

    2015-06-01

    Precipitation-recrystallization interactions in ASTM F-1586 austenitic stainless steel were studied by means of hot torsion tests with multipass deformation under continuous cooling, simulating an industrial laminating process. Samples were deformed at 0.2 and 0.3 at a strain rate of 1.0s(-1), in a temperature range of 900 to 1200°C and interpass times varying from 5 to 80s. The tests indicate that the stress level depends on deformation temperature and the slope of the equivalent mean stress (EMS) vs. 1/T presents two distinct behaviors, with a transition at around 1100°C, the non-recrystallization temperature (Tnr). Below the Tnr, strain-induced precipitation of Z-phase (NbCrN) occurs in short interpass times (tpass<30s), inhibiting recrystallization and promoting stepwise stress build-up with strong recovery, which is responsible for increasing the Tnr. At interpass times longer than 30s, the coalescence and dissolution of precipitates promote a decrease in the Tnr and favor the formation of recrystallized grains. Based on this evidence, the physical simulation of controlled processing allows for a domain refined grain with better mechanical properties. PMID:25842112

  1. ASTM D395 Short-Term Compression Set of Solid (Non-Porous) Siloxanes: SE 1700, Sylgard 184, and "New" M9787

    SciTech Connect

    Small, Ward; Pearson, Mark A.; Jensen, Wayne A.

    2015-09-13

    Compression set of solid (non-porous) Dow Corning SE 1700, Sylgard 184, and “new” M9787 siloxane elastomers was measured according to ASTM D395 Method B. Specimens of SE 1700 were made using (1) the manufacturer’s suggested cure of 150°C for 30 min and (2) an extended cure of 60°C for 6 h and 150°C for 1 h followed by a post-cure under nitrogen purge at 125°C for 12 h. Four specimens of each material were aged at 25-27% compressive strain at 70°C under nitrogen purge for 70 h. Final thickness of each specimen was measured after a 30-min cooling/relaxation period, and compression set relative to deflection was calculated. The average compression set relative to deflection was 6.0% for SE 1700 made using the extended cure and post-cure, 11.3% for SE 1700 made using the manufacturer’s suggested cure, 12.1% for Sylgard 184, and 1.9% for M9787. The extended cure and post-cure reduced the amount of compression set in SE 1700.

  2. Results of the second Round Robin on opening-load measurement conducted by ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on crack closure measurement and analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Phillips, E. P.

    1993-01-01

    A second experimental Round Robin on the measurement of the crack opening load in fatigue crack growth tests has been completed by the ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis. Fourteen laboratories participated in the testing of aluminum alloy compact tension specimens. Opening-load measurements were made at three crack lengths during constant Delta K, constant stress ratio tests by most of the participants. Four participants made opening-load measurements during threshold tests. All opening-load measurements were based on the analysis of specimens compliance behavior, where the displacement/strain was measured either at the crack mouth or the mid-height back face location. The Round Robin data were analyzed for opening load using two non-subjective analysis methods: the compliance offset and the correlation coefficient methods. The scatter in the opening load results was significantly reduced when some of the results were excluded from the analysis population based on an accept/reject criterion for raw data quality. The compliance offset and correlation coefficient opening load analysis methods produced similar results for data populations that had been screened to eliminate poor quality data.

  3. A report on the Round Robin Program conducted to evaluate the proposed ASTM standard test method for determining the plane strain crack arrest fracture toughness, K/sub Ia/, of ferritic materials

    SciTech Connect

    Barker, D.B.; Chona, R.; Fourney, W.L.; Irwin, G.R.

    1988-01-01

    This report summarizes the results from a Round Robin Program that was conducted during 1983-1985 to evaluate a proposed ASTM Test Method for Crack Arrest Fracture Toughness of Ferritic Materials. The Round Robin attracted a total of twenty-seven participants from the United States, Canada, Europe and Japan, each of whom agreed to test three specimens of A514 bridge steel, three specimens of A588 bridge steel, and six specimens of A533 Grade B Class 1 reactor pressure vessel steel. Twenty-one participants completed their testing and forwarded test results for inclusion and discussion in this report. Modifications to the proposed test method that are called for in the light of the experience gained from the Round Robin are also discussed. The test method has been revised and is currently in the process of being considered by ASTM Committee E-24 on Fracture Testing as a Proposed Standard Test Method. 20 refs., 44 figs., 6 tabs.

  4. Laboratory Study on Prevention of CaO-Containing ASTM "D-Type" Inclusions in Al-Deoxidized Low-Oxygen Steel Melts During Basic Slag Refining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Min; Wang, Xin-Hua; Yang, Die; Lei, Shao-Long; Wang, Kun-Peng

    2015-12-01

    Present work was attempted to explore the possibility of preventing CaO-containing inclusions in Al-deoxidized low-oxygen special steel during basic slag refining, which were known as ASTM D-type inclusions. Based on the analysis on formation thermodynamics of CaO-containing inclusions, a series of laboratory experiments were designed and carried out in a vacuum induction furnace. During the experiments, slag/steel reaction equilibrium was intentionally suppressed with the aim to decrease the CaO contents in inclusions, which is different from ordinary concept that slag/steel reaction should be promoted for better control of inclusions. The obtained results showed that high cleanliness of steel was obtained in all the steel melts, with total oxygen contents varied between 0.0003 and 0.0010 pct. Simultaneously, formation of CaO-containing inclusions was successfully prohibited, and all the formed oxide inclusions were MgO-Al2O3 or/and Al2O3 in very small sizes of about 1 to 3 μm. And 90 pct to nearly 98 pct of them were wrapped by relative thicker MnS outer surface layers to produce dual-phased "(MgO-Al2O3) + MnS" or "Al2O3 + MnS" complex inclusions. Because of much better ductility of MnS, certain deformability of these complex inclusions can be expected which is helpful to improve fatigue resistance property of steel. Only very limited number of singular MnS inclusions were with sizes larger than 13 μm, which were formed during solidification because of. In the end, formation of oxide inclusions in steel was qualitatively evaluated and discussed.

  5. ASTM F739 method for testing the permeation resistance of protective clothing materials: critical analysis with proposed changes in procedure and test-cell design.

    PubMed

    Anna, D H; Zellers, E T; Sulewski, R

    1998-08-01

    ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Method F739-96 specifies a test-cell design and procedures for measuring the permeation resistance of chemical protective clothing. Among the specifications are open-loop collection stream flow rates of 0.050 to 0.150 L/min for a gaseous medium. At elevated temperatures the test must be maintained within 1 degree C of the set point. This article presents a critical analysis of the effect of the collection stream flow rate on the measured permeation rate and on the temperature uniformity within the test cell. Permeation tests were conducted on four polymeric glove materials with 44 solvents at 25 degrees C. Flow rates > 0.5 L/min were necessary to obtain accurate steady-state permeation rate (SSPR) values in 25 percent of the tests. At the lower flow rates the true SSPR typically was underestimated by a factor of two or less, but errors of up to 33-fold were observed. No clear relationship could be established between the need for a higher collection stream flow rate and either the vapor pressure or the permeation rate of the solvent, but test results suggest that poor mixing within the collection chamber was a contributing factor. Temperature gradients between the challenge and collection chambers and between the bottom and the top of the collection chamber increased with the water-bath temperature and the collection stream flow rate. Use of a test cell modified to permit deeper submersion reduced the gradients to < or = 0.5 degrees C. It is recommended that all SSPR measurements include verification of the adequacy of the collection stream flow rate. For testing at nonambient temperatures, the modified test cell described here could be used to ensure temperature uniformity throughout the cell. PMID:9725933

  6. Determination of damage functions for the pitting of AISI type 403 blade alloy and ASTM A470/471 disk alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yancheng

    The prediction of pitting accumulation on turbine blades and disks is of particular importance to predict localized corrosion damages in low pressure (LP) steam turbines. Damage Function Analysis (DFA) and Deterministic Extreme Value Statistics (DEVS) have been employed to predict the pitting damage on AISI Type 403 stainless steel (SS) blade alloy and ASTM A470/471 disk steel in simulated LP steam turbine environments within the phase transition zone. The passivity properties of Type 403 SS and A470/471 steel in the passive regions, including defect type, defect concentration in the barrier film, barrier film thickness, and the steady-state current density, agree with the predictions of the Point Defect Model (PDM) for an n-type semiconductor. Optimization of the PDM based impedance model on the experimental electrochemical impedance data has yielded a set of parameter values that can be used to predict the barrier film growth on Type 403 SS in deaerated borate buffer solution ( pH = 8.2) at ambient temperature. Experimental relationships between the breakdown potential and chloride activity, pH, temperature, and potential scan rate have demonstrated the applicability of the PDM for describing passivity breakdown on Type 403 SS and A470/471 steel. The obtained parameter values were used to calculate the breakdown potential, induction time, and their distributions, via the PDM, which represents the first quantitative characterization of the passivity breakdown behavior on Type 403 SS. Pitting damage functions for Type 403 SS have been experimentally determined for the first time. However, low pit density on A470/471 steel led to insufficient pit numbers on the 1.27 cm2 surface for the effective determination of damage functions. DEVS has been demonstrated by predicting the average maximum pit depth for 750 hours from short-term (24 hours and 240 hours) maximum pit depth data on Type 403 SS in deaerated buffer solution with 0.10 M NaCl at an applied potential of 0

  7. Design and characterisation of a new duplex surface system based on S-phase hardening and carbon-based coating for ASTM F1537 Co-Cr-Mo alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Xia; Li, Xiaoying

    2014-02-01

    Co-Cr-Mo alloys are one of the most widely used metallic biomaterials for metal-on-metal joint prostheses. However, concerns over increased revision rates mainly due to nano-sized wear debris have been raised. This study was aimed at enhancing the friction, wear and load-bearing properties of Co-Cr-Mo alloys by developing a new duplex surface system combining super hard and wear-resistant S-phase layer with self-lubricating, low-friction carbon-based coating. To this end, ASTM

  8. A comparison of ASTM C 876 potential criteria and linear polarization resistance measurements on a 70,000 ft{sup 2} (6,503 m{sup 2}) reinforced concrete bus ramp

    SciTech Connect

    Caudill, D.L.; Guisinger, R.P.

    1997-12-01

    This paper reviews the results of a corrosion study performed on the elevated section of a 70,000 ft{sup 2} (6,503 m{sup 2}) reinforced concrete bus ramp. Both potential mapping and linear polarization resistance (LPR) measurements were performed over an area covering approximately 40,000 ft{sup 2} (3,716 m{sup 2}). These two tools were used and compared in the process of establishing an effective method of corrosion control. The analysis shows an excellent agreement between the ASTM C 876 potential criteria and corrosion rates as measured with the LPR technique.

  9. Standard specification for low-carbon nickel-molybdenum-chromium, low-carbon nickel-chromium-molybdenum, low-carbon nickel-chromium-molybdenum-copper and low-carbon nickel-chromium- molybdenum-tungsten alloy plate, sheet, and strip. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-02-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B-2 on Nonferrous Metals and Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee B02.07 on Refined Nickel and Cobalt and Their Alloys. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1997. Published February 1998. Originally published as B 575-72. Last previous edition B 575-94.

  10. A variability study on the ASTM thin slicing and scaling test method for evaluating the long-term performance of an extruded polystyrene foam blown with HCFC-142b

    SciTech Connect

    Fabian, B.A.; Graves, R.S.; Yarbrough, D.W.; Hofton, M.R.

    1997-11-01

    The ASTM accelerated aging test method for unfaced foamboard insulation that is based on slicing and scaling has been used on an extruded polystyrene product blown with HCFC-142b. The test method including specimen preparation was carried out at three laboratories. The participating laboratories used different means to prepare thin test specimens. Thin slices of foamboard with and without surface skins were tested in order to assess the effect of skins on the aging process. Measured values for the apparent thermal conductivity, k{sub a}, were used to calculate time average k{sub a} for life-times of 10, 20, and 40 years. The time-average k{sub a} from the three laboratories differed by less than 2.5% for 1.5-inch-thick product and less than 2% for 2.0-inch-thick product. The k{sub a} for slices with skin on one surface were less than k{sub a} of slices of the core foam.

  11. Validation of a New Soil VOC Sampler: Revision of ASTM Practice D 6418, Standard Practice for Using the Disposable En Core Sampler for Sampling and Storing Soil for Volatile Organic Analysis, and Development of a Subsurface Sampling/Storage Device for VOC Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Susan S. Sorini; John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani

    2003-09-15

    Soil sampling and storage practices for volatile organic analysis must be designed to minimize loss of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from samples. The En Core{reg_sign} sampler is designed to collect and store soil samples in a manner that minimizes loss of contaminants due to volatilization and/or biodegradation. An American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard practice, D 6418, Standard Practice for Using the Disposable En Core Sampler for Sampling and Storing Soil for Volatile Organic Analysis, describes use of the En Core sampler to collect and store a soil sample of approximately 5 grams or 25 grams for volatile organic analysis. To support the ASTM practice, a study was performed to estimate the precision of the performance of the 5-gram and 25-gram En Core samplers to store soil samples spiked with low concentrations of VOCs. This report discusses revision of ASTM Practice D 6418 to include information on the precision of the En Core devices and to reference an ASTM research report on the precision study. This report also discusses revision of the ASTM practice to list storage at -12 {+-} 2 C for up to 14 days and at 4 {+-} 2 C for up to 48 hours followed by storage at -12 {+-} 2C for up to 5 days as acceptable conditions for samples stored in the En Core devices. Data supporting use of these storage conditions are given in an appendix to the practice and are presented in the research report referenced for the precision study. Prior to this revision, storage in the device was specified at 4 {+-} 2 C for up to 48 hours. The En Core sampler is designed to collect soil samples for VOC analysis at the soil surface. To date, a sampling tool for collecting and storing subsurface soil samples for VOC analysis does not exist. Development of a subsurface VOC sampling/storage device was initiated in 1999. This device, which is called the Accu Core sampler, is designed so that a soil sample can be collected below the surface using a penetrometer and

  12. ASTM Data Banks and Chemical Information Sources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batik, Albert; Hale, Eleanor

    1972-01-01

    Among the data described are infrared indexes, mass spectral data, chromatographic data, X-ray emmission data, odor and taste threshold data, and thermodynamics data. This paper provides the chemical documentarian a complete reference source to a wide variety of analytical data. (Author/NH)

  13. 1991 annual book of ASTM standards

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This book contains nuclear technology standards also features test methods and practices for solar and geotechnical energy. In the nuclear category, the primary emphasis of this volume is on analysis, dosimetry, and radiation effects in materials. Over eighty standards primarily test methods and practices are featured in this category.

  14. Biodiesel Fuel Quality and the ASTM Standard

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biodiesel is usually produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and used cooking oils with alternative feedstocks such as algae receiving increasing interest. The transesterification reaction which produces biodiesel also produces glycerol and proceeds stepwise via mono- and diacylglycerol intermedia...

  15. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may... SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Intelligent Transportation Systems Radio...

  16. Wear processes in manufacturing. ASTM special technical publication 1362

    SciTech Connect

    Bahadur, S.B.; Magee, J.

    1998-07-01

    The importance of tribological phenomena in engineering has long been recognized. The evidence for this lies in the extensive studies on tool wear performed over many decades. The same is the case with studies related to the friction and lubrication in deformation processing as evidenced by a number of conferences and related publications. In spite of this, the interaction between the tribologists and manufacturing researchers has not been great. The objective of this symposium was to provide a forum for these researchers for a mutually beneficial interaction. The collection of papers published in this volume may be grouped into the following categories. These categories are: abrasion in ceramic grinding, wear of cutting tools, friction in vibratory conveyers, and erosion in manufacturing. Separate abstracts were prepared for 11 papers.

  17. ASTM Symposium on Composites Materials: Fatigue and Fracture IV

    SciTech Connect

    Mirdamadi, M.; Johnson, W.S.; Bahei-el-din, Y.A.; Castelli, M.G.

    1991-07-01

    Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) data was generated for a Ti-15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn (Ti-15-3) material reinforced with SCS-6 silicon carbide fibers for both in-phase and out-of-phase thermomechanical cycling. Significant differences in failure mechanisms and fatigue life were noted for in-phase and out-of-phase testing. The purpose of the research is to apply a micromechanical model to the analysis of the data. The analysis predicts the stresses in the fiber and the matrix during the thermal and mechanical cycling by calculating both the thermal and mechanical stresses and their rate-dependent behavior. The rate-dependent behavior of the matrix was characterized and was used to calculate the constituent stresses in the composite. The predicted 0 degree fiber stress range was used to explain the composite failure. It was found that for a given condition, temperature, loading frequency, and time at temperature, the 0 degree fiber stress range may control the fatigue life of the unidirectional composite.

  18. Masonry: Materials, testing, and applications. ASTM special technical publication 1356

    SciTech Connect

    Brisch, J.H.; Nelson, R.L.; Francis, H.L.

    1999-07-01

    Masonry is one of mankind's oldest arts. The construction of shelters, buildings, castles, and fortresses has been the life work of untold numbers of artists, architects, masons, plasterers, and laborers. Today people marvel at the ancient structures still standing after hundreds and thousands of years. Works such as the Great Wall of China, The Roman Coliseum, the cathedrals of Europe, and masonry bridges still in use after hundreds of years of wear and tear, encourage us to better understand the art, the mechanics, and the chemistries involved in building and maintaining these structures. In this seminar, the authors attempt to convey their experiences towards a better understanding of the principles and mechanics involved in designing and building masonry structures. The papers presented do just that. Separate abstracts were prepared for most papers.

  19. New ASTM Standards for Nondestructive Testing of Aerospace Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Waller, Jess M.; Saulsberry, Regor L.

    2010-01-01

    Problem: Lack of consensus standards containing procedural detail for NDE of polymer matrix composite materials: I. Flat panel composites. II. Composite components with more complex geometries a) Pressure vessels: 1) composite overwrapped pressure vessels (COPVs). 2) composite pressure vessels (CPVs). III. Sandwich core constructions. Metal and brittle matrix composites are a possible subject of future effort.

  20. Biodiesel Fuel Quality and the ASTM Biodiesel Standard

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biodiesel is usually produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and used cooking oils with alternative feedstocks such as algae receiving increasing interest. The transesterification reaction which produces biodiesel also produces glycerol and proceeds stepwise via mono- and diacylglycerol intermedi...

  1. ASTM test methods for composite characterization and evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Masters, John E.

    1994-01-01

    A discussion of the American Society for Testing and Materials is given. Under the topic of composite materials characterization and evaluation, general industry practice and test methods for textile composites are presented.

  2. Mixed-mode crack behavior. ASTM special technical publication 1325

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, K.J.; McDowell, D.L.

    1999-07-01

    This conference was international and balanced in scope, as witnessed by the presentation of over 20 papers addressing the following topics: (1) Elastic-Plastic Fracture; (2) Three-Dimensional Cracks; (3) Anisotropic Fracture and Applications; (4) Fracture of Composite Materials; (5) Mixed-Mode Fracture Toughness; (6) Mixed-Mode Fatigue Crack Growth; and (7) Experimental Studies in Mixed-Mode Fatigue and Fracture. Separate abstracts were prepared for all papers.

  3. Image analysis of corrosion pit initiation on ASTM type A240 stainless steel and ASTM type A 1008 carbon steel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nine, H. M. Zulker

    The adversity of metallic corrosion is of growing concern to industrial engineers and scientists. Corrosion attacks metal surface and causes structural as well as direct and indirect economic losses. Multiple corrosion monitoring tools are available although those are time-consuming and costly. Due to the availability of image capturing devices in today's world, image based corrosion control technique is a unique innovation. By setting up stainless steel SS 304 and low carbon steel QD 1008 panels in distilled water, half-saturated sodium chloride and saturated sodium chloride solutions and subsequent RGB image analysis in Matlab, in this research, a simple and cost-effective corrosion measurement tool has identified and investigated. Additionally, the open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results have been compared with RGB analysis to gratify the corrosion. Additionally, to understand the importance of ambiguity in crisis communication, the communication process between Union Carbide and Indian Government regarding the Bhopal incident in 1984 was analyzed.

  4. Observation of Cleavage Fracture after Substantial Dimple Rupture in ASTM A710 Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Reuter, Walter Graham; Lloyd, Wilson Randolph

    2000-07-01

    A major concern often arising in structural integrity predictions is the possibility that low-energy brittle fracture could result as a consequence of cleavage either under normal operating or design accident conditions. This can be especially troublesome when the leak-before-break (LBB) approach shows an additional safety margin of the design. For LBB to be applicable, the fracture process must remain ductile (dimple rupture), and not change to cleavage. The American Society for Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (Code) provides guidelines for avoiding cleavage fracture for Code-accepted materials. Experimental results for a non-Code steel are provided, and show that cleavage may occur for a thickness under16 mm (where the code suggests it will not) after stable crack growth (∆a) of up to 20 mm. This work is still in progress; test results are provided along with possible reasons for the mode transition, but complete explanations are still being developed.

  5. 78 FR 14836 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... the Act on January 9, 2013 (78 FR 1884). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement,...

  6. 78 FR 35646 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ...) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the Department on... March 7, 2013 (78 FR 14836). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust...

  7. Acceptance criteria for welds in ASTM A106 grade B steel pipe and plate

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hudson, C. M.; Wright, D. B., Jr.; Leis, B. N.

    1986-01-01

    Based on the RECERT Program findings, NASA-Langley funded a fatigue study of code-unacceptable welds. Usage curves were developed which were based on the structural integrity of the welds. The details of this study are presented in NASA CR-178114. The information presented is a condensation and reinterpretation of the information in NASA CR-178114. This condensation and reinterpretation generated usage curves for welds having: (1) indications 0.20 -inch deep by 0.40-inch long, and (2) indications 0.195-inch deep by 8.4-inches long. These curves were developed using the procedures used in formulating the design curves in Section VIII, Division 2 of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.

  8. 76 FR 34252 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993; ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-13

    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... the Act on March 7, 2011 (76 FR 12370). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993;...

  9. 77 FR 61786 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

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    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... Act on June 8, 2012 (77 FR 34069). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  10. 77 FR 34069 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

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    2012-06-08

    ... the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the Department on... March 8, 2012 (77 FR 14046). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust Division... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  11. 76 FR 12370 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ... Register pursuant to Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was... to Section 6(b) of the Act on January 10, 2011 (76 FR 1459). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  12. 78 FR 1884 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

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    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... the Act on October 11, 2012 (77 FR 61786). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  13. Zirconium in the nuclear industry: Tenth international symposium. ASTM STP 1245

    SciTech Connect

    Garde, A.M.; Bradley, E.R.

    1994-12-31

    This symposium consisted of seven platform sessions: hydrogen effects; pressure tubes; fabrication; lithium effects and second phase particles; mechanical properties; oxide characterization; and in-reactor corrosion. The technical information contained in this book is valuable to zirconium alloy producers, nuclear fuel fabricators, reactor materials designers and development engineers, utility plant operators, and regulators. Separate abstracts were prepared for 40 papers of this book.

  14. Acoustic emission: Standards and technology update. ASTM special technical publication 1353

    SciTech Connect

    Vahaviolos, S.J.

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of this symposium was to discuss the evolution of technology of acoustic emission (AE) over the years in instrumentation, applications, standards and codes and its overall worldwide acceptance. The papers in this conference are divided into the following sections: (1) AE Sources: Characterization; (2) Concrete Applications; (3) Integrity and Leak Detection/Location Methods; (4) AE Sensors, Standards, and Quantitative AE; (5) Diverse Industrial Applications; (6) AE Sources: Research Topics; (7) Transportation Applications, Standards, and Methodology; and (8) Compressed Gas Applications and Standards. Separate abstracts were prepared for some of the papers in this volume.

  15. Influence of radiation on material properties: ASTM 13th international symposium (Part II)

    SciTech Connect

    Garner, F.A.; Henager, C.H.; Igata, N.

    1987-01-01

    This book contains over 50 selections. Some of the titles are: Light-ion irradiation creep and hardening of model ferritic alloys; The ductile-to-brittle transition behavior of martensitic steels irradiated to 27 dpa; Hydrogen buildup in irradiated type 304 stainless steel; Irradiation embrittlement of advanced pressure vessel steels; and the effect of thermal annealing on the fracture properties of a submerged-arc weld metal.

  16. Composite materials: Fatigue and fracture. Vol. 3. ASTM Special Technical Publication, No. 1110

    SciTech Connect

    O'Brien, T.K. NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA )

    1991-01-01

    The present volume discusses topics in the fields of matrix cracking and delamination, interlaminar fracture toughness, delamination analysis, strength and impact characteristics, and fatigue and fracture behavior. Attention is given to cooling rate effects in carbon-reinforced PEEK, the effect of porosity on flange-web corner strength, mode II delamination in toughened composites, the combined effect of matrix cracking and free edge delamination, and a 3D stress analysis of plain weave composites. Also discussed are the compression behavior of composites, damage-based notched-strength modeling, fatigue failure processes in aligned carbon-epoxy laminates, and the thermomechanical fatigue of a quasi-isotropic metal-matrix composite.

  17. Radiation-induced changes in microstructure: ASTM 13th international symposium (Part I)

    SciTech Connect

    Gavner, F.A.; Packan, N.H.; Kumar, A.S.

    1987-01-01

    This book contains over 50 selections. Some of the titles are: Vacancy properties during irradiation with high energy particles; effect of swelling in Inconel 600 on the performance of FFTF reflector assemblies; Swelling of 316 Stainless steel and D9 cladding in FFTF; Oxygen effects on void stabilization in stainless steel; and Gas-bubble growth mechanisms in the analysis of metal fuel swelling.

  18. Nondestructive and automated testing for soil and rock properties. ASTM special technical publication 1350

    SciTech Connect

    Marr, W.A.; Fairhurst, C.E.

    1999-07-01

    The purpose of the symposium was to highlight recent developments in nondestructive and automated testing for soil and rock properties. Speakers present results of recent research in these areas that have practical application for the rapid and economical testing of soil and rock. Authors were encouraged to identify which testing equipment and methods have sufficient practical application to warrant standards development.

  19. A PROBABALISTIC ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE ECOLOGICAL RISK DRIVERS, 10TH VOLUME ASTM STP 1403

    EPA Science Inventory

    A probabilistic analysis of exposure and effect data was used to identify chemicals most likely responsible for ecological risk. The mean and standard deviation of the natural log-transformed chemical data were used to estimate the probability of exposure for an area of concern a...

  20. ASTM F1717 standard for the preclinical evaluation of posterior spinal fixators: can we improve it?

    PubMed

    La Barbera, Luigi; Galbusera, Fabio; Villa, Tomaso; Costa, Francesco; Wilke, Hans-Joachim

    2014-10-01

    Preclinical evaluation of spinal implants is a necessary step to ensure their reliability and safety before implantation. The American Society for Testing and Materials reapproved F1717 standard for the assessment of mechanical properties of posterior spinal fixators, which simulates a vertebrectomy model and recommends mimicking vertebral bodies using polyethylene blocks. This set-up should represent the clinical use, but available data in the literature are few. Anatomical parameters depending on the spinal level were compared to published data or measurements on biplanar stereoradiography on 13 patients. Other mechanical variables, describing implant design were considered, and all parameters were investigated using a numerical parametric finite element model. Stress values were calculated by considering either the combination of the average values for each parameter or their worst-case combination depending on the spinal level. The standard set-up represents quite well the anatomy of an instrumented average thoracolumbar segment. The stress on the pedicular screw is significantly influenced by the lever arm of the applied load, the unsupported screw length, the position of the centre of rotation of the functional spine unit and the pedicular inclination with respect to the sagittal plane. The worst-case combination of parameters demonstrates that devices implanted below T5 could potentially undergo higher stresses than those described in the standard suggestions (maximum increase of 22.2% at L1). We propose to revise F1717 in order to describe the anatomical worst case condition we found at L1 level: this will guarantee higher safety of the implant for a wider population of patients. PMID:25319550

  1. ASTM and other specifications for petroleum products and lubricants, 4th edition, 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses the selected specifications and classifications of petroleum products and lubricants. It includes federal and military specifications and classifications and specifications from the Society of Automotive Engineers and the American Petroleum Institute.

  2. 78 FR 13243 - Updates to Standards Incorporated by Reference; Reapproved ASTM Standards; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... Federal Register. To that end, we published a request for comments on November 30, 2012, (77 FR 71369) to... follows: Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1231, 1321(j)(1)(C), (j)(5), (j)(6), and (m)(2); sec. 2, E.O. 12777, 56 FR... continues to read as follows: Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1231, 1321(j); 46 U.S.C. 3703; E.O. 12777, 56 FR 54757,...

  3. 77 FR 50113 - ASTM International-Food and Drug Administration Workshop on Absorbable Medical Devices: Lessons...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... attendee, including name, title, affiliation, address, email, and telephone number. Those without Internet access should contact Maureen Dreher or Erica Takai to register (see Contact Person). Registrants will... requirements after registration and will be sent connection access information after November 23, 2012. If...

  4. Field instrumentation for soil and rock. ASTM special technical publication 1358

    SciTech Connect

    Durham, G.N.; Marr, W.A.

    1999-07-01

    Papers are arranged under the following topical sections: Instrumentation associated with soil structure interaction; Instrumentation support construction activities; Instrumentation to monitor landfills; Instrumentation for monitoring settlement and stability; Data acquisition and data management; and Instrumentation for measuring physical properties in the field. Papers within scope have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  5. Hydrogen Cracking and Stress Corrosion of Pressure Vessel Steel ASTM A543

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    AlShawaf, Ali Hamad

    The purpose of conducting this research is to develop fundamental understanding of the weldability of the modern Quenched and Tempered High Strength Low Alloy (Q&T HSLA) steel, regarding the cracking behavior and susceptibility to environmental cracking in the base metal and in the heat affected zone (HAZ) when welded. A number of leaking cracks developed in the girth welds of the pressure vessel after a short time of upgrading the material from plain carbon steel to Q&T HSLA steel. The new vessels were constructed to increase the production of the plant and also to save weight for the larger pressure vessel. The results of this research study will be used to identify safe welding procedure and design more weldable material. A standardized weldability test known as implant test was constructed and used to study the susceptibility of the Q&T HSLA steel to hydrogen cracking. The charged hydrogen content for each weld was recorded against the applied load during weldability testing. The lack of understanding in detail of the interaction between hydrogen and each HAZ subzone in implant testing led to the need of developing the test to obtain more data about the weldability. The HAZ subzones were produced using two techniques: standard furnace and GleebleRTM machine. These produced subzones were pre-charged with hydrogen to different levels of concentration. The hydrogen charging on the samples simulates prior exposure of the material to high humidity environment during welding process. Fractographical and microstructural characterization of the HAZ subzones were conducted using techniques such as SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy). A modified implant test using the mechanical tensile machine was also used to observe the effects of the hydrogen on the cracking behavior of each HAZ subzone. All the experimental weldability works were simulated and validated using a commercial computational software, SYSWELD. The computational simulation of implant testing of Q&T HSLA with the previously used plain carbon steel and other currently used pressure vessel steels was successfully completed. The experimental and computational results of the Q&T HSLA steel agreed well with each other. The susceptibility of the Q&T A543 steel to stress corrosion cracking was investigated using the slow strain rate testing under different environments and conditions. Also, advanced corrosion study using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was done at different conditions. The corrosion study revealed that this A543 steel is prone to form pits in most of the conditions. The model results in the corrosion study were validated with the Gamry Echem Analyst software that A543 steel tends to form pits in the tested environment.

  6. Hot corrosion evaluation of aluminide coated superalloys in support of an ASTM Round Robin program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Santoro, G.

    1975-01-01

    Commercial aluminized coatings on substrates were hot corroded at 900 C in a 0.3 Mach burner rig with 5 ppm synthetic sea salt and at two cycling frequencies. Extensive post-exposure examinations were conducted on the corroded specimens such as metallography, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, microprobe raster scans, and spectrographic analyses. Thermodynamic calculations were made of the equilibrium burner flame composition and the calculations were compared to the experimental findings. It was found that localized spalling of the coatings preceded coating failure. It is suggested that the spalling of the coatings is due to the formation of localized stresses caused by the depletion of chromium and aluminum in the coating or the enrichment of the coating with sulfur. For the materials and test conditions investigated, it was found that coating life is dependent only upon the initial coating thickness and not on the type of aluminized coating, the substrate, or the cycle frequency.

  7. Wide range stress intensity factor expressions for ASTM E 399 standard fracture toughness specimens

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Srawley, J. E.

    1976-01-01

    For each of the two types of specimens, bend and compact, described previously for plane strain fracture toughness of materials, E 399, a polynominal expression is given for calculation of the stress intensity factor, K, from the applied force, P, and the specimen dimensions. It is explicitly stated, however, that these expressions should not be used outside the range of relative crack length, a/W, from 0.45 to 0.55. While this range is sufficient for the purpose of E 399, the same specimen types are often used for other purposes over a much wider range of a/W; for example, in the study of fatigue crack growth. Expressions are presented which are at least as accurate as those in E 399-74, and which cover much wider ranges of a/W: for the three-point bend specimen from 0 to 1; and for the compact specimen from 0.2 to 1. The range has to be restricted for the compact specimen because of the proximity of the loading pin holes to the crackline, which causes the stress intensity factor to be sensitive to small variations in dimensions when a/W is small. This is a penalty inherently associated with the compactness of the specimen.

  8. Coal liquefaction process wherein jet fuel, diesel fuel and/or ASTM No. 2 fuel oil is recovered

    DOEpatents

    Bauman, Richard F.; Ryan, Daniel F.

    1982-01-01

    An improved process for the liquefaction of coal and similar solid carbonaceous materials wherein a hydrogen donor solvent or diluent derived from the solid carbonaceous material is used to form a slurry of the solid carbonaceous material and wherein the naphthenic components from the solvent or diluent fraction are separated and used as jet fuel components. The extraction increases the relative concentration of hydroaromatic (hydrogen donor) components and as a result reduces the gas yield during liquefaction and decreases hydrogen consumption during said liquefaction. The hydrogenation severity can be controlled to increase the yield of naphthenic components and hence the yield of jet fuel and in a preferred embodiment jet fuel yield is maximized while at the same time maintaining solvent balance.

  9. 76 FR 2056 - Incorporation of Revised ASTM Standards That Provide Flexibility in the Use of Alternatives to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-12

    ...'' under Executive Order 12866, entitled Regulatory Planning and Review (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993... the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, entitled Federalism (64 FR... Tribal Governments (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), do not apply to this action. G. Children's...

  10. 77 FR 2456 - Incorporation of Revised ASTM Standards That Provide Flexibility in the Use of Alternatives to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... Register issue of January 12, 2011 (76 FR 2056) (FRL-8846-6), to incorporate into EPA regulations revised... issue of June 14, 2005 (70 FR 34538) (FRL-7916-1), allows flexibility in RCRA-related sampling and... Register issue of March 21, 2011 (76 FR 15554) (FRL-9273-5), EPA finalized an amendment to Sec. 63.14...

  11. Ductile iron data base: correlations between microstructure and fracture toughness: Background document for draft ASTM ductile iron specification

    SciTech Connect

    McConnell, P.; Lombrozo, P.

    1987-02-01

    A computer data base was generated to relate ductile iron fracture toughness with microstructural parameters, chemistry, and mechanical properties. Such relationships are considered necessary before a ductile iron material specification can be generated for spent nuclear fuel containers. Although scatter exists in the available data and more data are desirable, tentative conclusions can be drawn. In particular, ductile iron with high ferrite content (>80%) and spherical graphite nodules shows relatively high fracture toughness values suggesting its suitability for use in spent nuclear fuel casks. A material specification based upon nodule count (or the inversely related nodule spacing) may ensure a minimum fracture toughness in ductile iron. Increasing nodule spacing (decreasing count) increases the fracture toughness. Other relationships between mechanical properties and microstructure/chemistry are evaluated.

  12. 75 FR 30440 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-01

    ...) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the Department on... March 10, 2010 (75 FR 11196). Patricia A. Brink, Deputy Director of Operations, Antitrust Division... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  13. 75 FR 11196 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ... section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... the Act on December 22, 2009 (74 FR 68078) Patricia A. Brink, Deputy Director of Operations, Antitrust... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  14. 76 FR 1459 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-10

    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... the Act on October 26, 2010 (75 FR 65657). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  15. 77 FR 1085 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-09

    ... Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the... Act on October 13, 2011 (76 FR 63658). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  16. 75 FR 65657 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ...) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the Department on... June 1, 2010 (75 FR 30440). Patricia A. Brink, Deputy Director of Operations, Antitrust Division... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of...

  17. 76 FR 63658 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993; ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR 65226). The last notification was filed with the Department on May... 13, 2011 (76 FR 34252). For additional information, please contact Thomas B. O'Brien, Jr., Vice... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993;...

  18. Advances in the production and use of steel with improved internal cleanliness. ASTM special technical publication 1361

    SciTech Connect

    Mahaney, J.K. Jr.

    1999-07-01

    From earliest times, the presence of nonmetallic inclusion has been a major source of problems and failures. Failures due to inclusions have been seen in major structures and boilers as well as the inability to successfully form material into usable shapes and parts. The conference sought to determine the status of the state of the art of inclusion identification and prevention, as well as the relative status of different parts of the industry in the attempt to produce material with improved internal cleanliness. The papers presented in this book cover areas from bearing steels to castings. The various authors clearly show that level of inclusion identification and control through processing improvements is greatly dependent upon the sector of the industry. The level of inclusions desired in bearings is several orders of magnitude from the majority of the casting industry. At the same time, manufacturing methods such as continuous casting and other tonnage industry methods are not available in the discrete steel and iron casting segments of the metal melting industry. The papers in the Special Technical Publication show the state of the art in inclusion identification, prevention, and understanding of the deleterious effects of those inclusions. Products covered include bearing steels, high-strength plates, steel castings, stainless steel medical implants, and test methods to determine the presence and effect of nonmetallic inclusions in the steel products. The papers emphasize the effect on the products rather than manufacturing methods.

  19. Hardness and microstructural response to thermal annealing of irradiated ASTM A533B class 1 plate steel

    SciTech Connect

    Reinhart, D.E.; Kumar, A.S.; Gelles, D.S.; Hamilton, M.L.; Rosinski, S.T.

    1999-10-01

    Hardness measurements were used to determine the post-irradiation annealing response of A533B class 1 plate steel irradiated to a fluence of 1 {times} 10{sup 19} n/cm{sup 2} (E > 1 MeV) at 150 C. Rockwell hardness measurements indicated that the material had hardened by 6.6 points on the B scale after irradiation. The irradiation induced hardness increase was associated with a decrease in upper shelf energy from 63.4 J to 5-1.8 J and a temperature shift in the Charpy curve at the 41 J level from 115 C to 215 C. Specimens were annealed after irradiation at temperatures of 343 C (650 F), 399 C (750 F), and 454 C (850 F) for durations of up to one week (168 h). Hardness measurements were made to chart recovery of hardness as a function of time and temperature. Specimens annealed at the highest temperature 454 C recovered the fastest, fully recovering within 144 h. Specimens annealed at 399 C recovered completely within 168 h. Specimens annealed at the lowest temperature, 343 C recovered only {approximately}70% after 168 h of annealing. After neutron irradiation, a new feature of black spot damage was found to be superimposed on the unirradiated microstructure. The density of black spots was found to vary from 2.3 {times} 10{sup 15}/cm{sup 3} to 1.1 {times} 10{sup 16}/cm{sup 3} with an average diameter of 2.85 nm. Following annealing at 454 C for 24 h the black spot damage was completely annealed out. It was concluded that the black spot damage was responsible for 70% of the irradiation-induced hardness.

  20. Fracture Toughness Testing of ASTM A285 Steel for Fracture Analysis of Savannah River Site Storage Tanks

    SciTech Connect

    Subramanian, K.H.

    2001-05-15

    The fracture toughness properties of A285 steels are being measured at specific material and test conditions for application to elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis of storage tanks at the Department of Energy Savannah River Site.

  1. Fracture mechanics; Proceedings of the Twenty-first ASTM National Symposium, Annapolis, MD, June 28-30, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Gudas, J.P.; Hackett, E.M.; Joyce, J.A.

    1990-01-01

    The papers presented in this volume provide an overview of recent theoretical and experimental research in various areas of fracture mechanics and its applications. The papers are grouped under the following headings: elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, dynamic fracture, transition fracture, micromechanics of fracture, computational mechanics, fracture mechanics applications, and fracture mechanics testing. Specific topics discussed include dynamic fracture behavior of a structural steel; finite element meshing criteria for crack problems; method and models for R-curve instability calculations; and closure measurements via a generalized threshold concept.

  2. ASTM international symposium on small specimen test techniques and their applications to pressure vessel annealing and plant life extension

    SciTech Connect

    Garner, F.A.; Hamilton, M.L.; Heinisch, H.L.; Kumar, A.S.

    1992-01-01

    Miniature sheet-type tensile specimens are currently being used in a variety of radiation damage studies conducted in a number of different reactors. Although these specimens are very small, they have proven successful in addressing issues encountered in both thermal reactors and anticipated fusion reactors. This paper reviews the results of a number of recent studies that illustrate the range of applicability of these small specimens. When combined with other types of specimens and other types of measurements made prior to tensile testing, miniature tensile specimens have been found to serve as very useful tools for application to both fundamental studies and alloy screening studies.

  3. 76 FR 78614 - Welded ASTM A-312 Stainless Steel Pipe From South Korea and Taiwan: Continuation of Antidumping...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... Initiation of Five-Year (``Sunset'') Review, 76 FR 38613 (July 1, 2011). \\1\\ See Antidumping Duty Order and Clarification of Final Determination: Certain Welded Stainless Steel Pipes From Korea, 57 FR 62301 (December 30... Stainless Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea, 60 FR 10064 (February 23, 1995); and Amended...

  4. Stress corrosion of ASTM Grade-2 and Grade-12 titanium in simulated rock salt brines at 83/sup 0/C

    SciTech Connect

    Jain, H.; Ahn, T.M.; Soo, P.

    1983-01-01

    Slow-strain-rate tests have been conducted on Grade-2 and Grade-12 titanium in simulated rock salt brines at 83/sup 0/C. Although neither metal shows stress corrosion cracking, total elongation and reduction in area show some decrease. Optical and SEM results are discussed to elucidate the fracture mechanism.

  5. Effect of aging on impact properties of ASTM A890 Grade 1C super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect

    Martins, Marcelo Forti, Leonardo Rodrigues Nogueira

    2008-02-15

    Super duplex stainless steels in the solution annealed condition are thermodynamically metastable systems which, when exposed to heat, present a strong tendency to 'seek' the most favorable thermodynamic condition. The main purpose of this study was to characterize the microstructure of a super duplex stainless steel in the as cast and solution annealed conditions, and to determine the influence of aging heat treatments on its impact strength, based on Charpy impact tests applied to V-notched test specimens. The sigma phase was found to begin precipitating at heat treatment temperatures above 760 deg. C and to dissolve completely only above 1040 deg. C, with the highest peak concentration of this phase appearing at close to 850 deg. C. Heat treatments conducted at temperatures of 580 deg. C to 740 deg. C led to a reduction of the energy absorbed in the Charpy impact test in response to the precipitation of a particulate phase with particle sizes ranging from 0.5 {mu}m to 1.0 {mu}m, with a chromium and iron-rich chemical composition.

  6. 77 FR 14046 - Amended Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... Federal Register pursuant to Section 6(b) of the Act on January 9, 2012 (77 FR 1085). Patricia A. Brink... notice in the Federal Register pursuant to Section 6(b) of the Act on November 10, 2004 (69 FR...

  7. Pump testing strategies and associated tribological considerations -- Vane pump testing methods ASTM D 2882, IP281, and DIN 51389

    SciTech Connect

    Reichel, J.

    1997-12-31

    Various test methods have been developed to determine the performance limits of various classes of hydraulic fluids. Lubrication capacity depends on various fundamental fluid parameters including viscosity and anti-wear properties. Critical elements of hydraulic pump and motor lubrication, which is characterized by sliding line-contact wear, will be discussed here. In vane pumps, the pressure loaded tips of the vanes are under Hertz-type load in contact with the surface of the cam ring, and rotate at a high speed creating a sliding line-contact. Due to this sliding line contact, the vane pump is the best-suited instrument for determination of the anti-wear performance of hydraulic fluids within acceptable time and at reasonable expense. Alternatively, hydraulic pump and motor testing may require greater energy, 150 kW or more over a period of more than 1,000 hours significantly increasing the cost of testing. Furthermore, tests on smaller versions of one type of pump or motor do not necessarily correlate with larger units of similar design. Therefore, it would be desirable to develop a laboratory test that: utilizes a rig with standard wear parts, provides a selective method for identifying various forms of lubricant failure, and that permits tests correlation with a wide variety of hydraulic pumps and motors used in the industry today.

  8. Annual book of ASTM Standards 2005. Section Five. Petroleum products, lubricants, and fossil fuels. Volume 05.06. Gaseous fuels; coal and coke

    SciTech Connect

    2005-09-15

    The first part covers standards for gaseous fuels. The standard part covers standards on coal and coke including the classification of coals, determination of major elements in coal ash and trace elements in coal, metallurgical properties of coal and coke, methods of analysis of coal and coke, petrographic analysis of coal and coke, physical characteristics of coal, quality assurance and sampling.

  9. Annual book of ASTM Standards 2008. Section Five. Petroleum products, lubricants, and fossil fuels. Volume 05.06. Gaseous fuels; coal and coke

    SciTech Connect

    2008-09-15

    The first part covers standards for gaseous fuels. The second part covers standards on coal and coke including the classification of coals, determination of major elements in coal ash and trace elements in coal, metallurgical properties of coal and coke, methods of analysis of coal and coke, petrogrpahic analysis of coal and coke, physical characteristics of coal, quality assurance and sampling.

  10. DEVELOPING STANDARDS FOR ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICAL, PHYSICAL, AND BIOLOGICAL STRESSORS THROUGH ASTM COMMITTEE E47: A PAST FOUNDATION OF PROVEN STANDARDS, A FUTURE OF GREAT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Development of standards associated with assessing the bioavailability of contaminants in sediment will be used as a case study for how standards have been developed through Committee E47. In 1987, Committee E47 established Subcommittee E47.03 on Sediment Assessment and Toxicity....

  11. Results of the Round Robin on opening-load measurement conducted by ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Phillips, Edward P.

    1989-01-01

    An experimental Round Robin on the measurement of the opening load in fatigue crack growth tests was conducted on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis. The Round Robin evaluated the current level of consistency of opening load measurements among laboratories and to identify causes for observed inconsistency. Eleven laboratories participated in the testing of compact and middle-crack specimens. Opening-load measurements were made for crack growth at two stress-intensity factor levels, three crack lengths, and following an overload. All opening-load measurements were based on the analysis of specimen compliance data. When all of the results reported (from all participants, all measurement methods, and all data analysis methods) for a given test condition were pooled, the range of opening loads was very large--typically spanning the lower half of the fatigue loading cycle. Part of the large scatter in the reported opening-load results was ascribed to consistent differences in results produced by the various methods used to measure specimen compliance and to evaluate the opening load from the compliance data. Another significant portion of the scatter was ascribed to lab-to-lab differences in producing the compliance data when using nominally the same method of measurement.

  12. 46 CFR 108.101 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... material approved for incorporation by reference in this part and the sections affected are: ASTM....astm.org. ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester 108.500 ASTM F 1014-92, Standard Specification for Flashlights on Vessels 108.497 ASTM...

  13. 7 CFR 3201.7 - Determining biobased content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... biobased content must be based on third party ASTM/ISO compliant test facility testing using the ASTM International Radioisotope Standard Method D 6866. ASTM International Radioisotope Standard Method D...

  14. 46 CFR 153.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM F 1122-87 (1992), Standard Specification for Quick Disconnect Couplings 153.940 ASTM F 1271-90 (1995), Standard...

  15. 7 CFR 2902.7 - Determining biobased content.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... biobased content must be based on third party ASTM/ISO compliant test facility testing using the ASTM International Radioisotope Standard Method D 6866. ASTM International Radioisotope Standard Method D...

  16. Test Methods for Vertebrate Pest Control and Management Materials. A Symposium Sponsored by ASTM Committee E-35 on Pesticides, American Society for Testing and Materials, Monterey, California, March 8, 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, W. B., Ed.; Marsh, R. E., Ed.

    The first symposium on "Test Methods for Vertebrate Pest Management" was held in March, 1976. Much of the thrust was toward explaining and defining the "state of the art." Concerns included rodents and rabbits, predators, scavengers, and large game animals, and a variety of bird species. Environments were as restricted as a laboratory cage or pen…

  17. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the requirements set forth in §§ 312.23 through 312.31: (a) The procedures of ASTM International... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org,...

  18. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the requirements set forth in §§ 312.23 through 312.31: (a) The procedures of ASTM International... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org,...

  19. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the requirements set forth in §§ 312.23 through 312.31: (a) The procedures of ASTM International... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org,...

  20. 24 CFR 200.942 - Supplementary specific procedural requirements under HUD building product standards and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Energy Source; (viii) ASTM D2646-79—Standard Methods of Testing Backing Fabrics; (ix) ASTM D3936-80... Testing Pile Yarn Floor Covering Construction; and (xii) National Bureau of Standards DOC FF 1-70. (ASTM... 12215, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709; (ii) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM),...

  1. 24 CFR 200.942 - Supplementary specific procedural requirements under HUD building product standards and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Energy Source; (viii) ASTM D2646-79—Standard Methods of Testing Backing Fabrics; (ix) ASTM D3936-80... Testing Pile Yarn Floor Covering Construction; and (xii) National Bureau of Standards DOC FF 1-70. (ASTM... 12215, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709; (ii) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM),...

  2. 46 CFR 160.032-1 - Applicable specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... are manufactured form a part of this subpart: (1) Standards of ASTM: ASTM A 27/ A 27M-95, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, for General Application—160.032-3 ASTM A 36/A 36M-97a, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel—160.032-3 ASTM A 216/A 216M-93 (1998), Standard Specification...

  3. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the requirements set forth in §§ 312.23 through 312.31: (a) The procedures of ASTM International... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org,...

  4. 46 CFR 160.032-1 - Applicable specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... are manufactured form a part of this subpart: (1) Standards of ASTM: ASTM A 27/ A 27M-95, Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, for General Application—160.032-3 ASTM A 36/A 36M-97a, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel—160.032-3 ASTM A 216/A 216M-93 (1998), Standard Specification...

  5. 78 FR 73692 - Revisions to Safety Standards for Infant Bath Seats, Toddler Beds, and Full-Size Baby Cribs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ... third party conformity assessment bodies for testing infant bath seats (75 FR 31688 (June 4, 2010... to make the standard more stringent. (75 FR 31691). On May 16, 2012, ASTM notified the CPSC that ASTM... FR 4542 (July 31, 2012). Subsequently, ASTM notified us on September 25, 2013, that ASTM has...

  6. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. References CFR Citation ASTM D 93 - 90... Bomb Method) § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 240-87 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 482-87 Standard Test Method for Ash...

  7. 78 FR 77660 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Safety Standards for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ... modifications. 75 FR 81766. On December 9, 2013, the Commission adopted the revised ASTM standard for full-size cribs, ASTM F1169-13, which was codified at 16 CFR part 1219. 78 FR 73692. Sections 8 and 9 of the ASTM... 1220. 75 FR 81766. Sections 9 and 10 of ASTM F406-10a, contain requirements for marking, labeling,...

  8. 40 CFR Appendix I to Part 261 - Representative Sampling Methods

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... considered by the Agency to be representative of the waste. Extremely viscous liquid—ASTM Standard D140-70 Crushed or powdered material—ASTM Standard D346-75 Soil or rock-like material—ASTM Standard D420-69 Soil-like material—ASTM Standard D1452-65 Fly Ash-like material—ASTM Standard D2234-76 Containerized...

  9. 40 CFR Appendix I to Part 261 - Representative Sampling Methods

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... considered by the Agency to be representative of the waste. Extremely viscous liquid—ASTM Standard D140-70 Crushed or powdered material—ASTM Standard D346-75 Soil or rock-like material—ASTM Standard D420-69 Soil-like material—ASTM Standard D1452-65 Fly Ash-like material—ASTM Standard D2234-76 Containerized...

  10. 49 CFR 179.220-25 - Stamping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: Examples of required stamping Specifications DOT-115A60W6. Inner container: Material ASTM A240-316L. Shell...-0000. Outer shell: Material ASTM A285-C. Tank builders initials WYZ. Car assembler (if other than...

  11. 46 CFR 96.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... affected is: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM F 1014-92, Standard Specification for Flashlights on Vessels—96.35-5 Note: All...

  12. 49 CFR 179.200-24 - Stamping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...: Example of required stamping Specification DOT-111A Material ASTM A 516-GR 70 Cladding material (if any) ASTM A240-304 Clad Tank builder's initials ABC Date of original test 00-0000 Car assembler (if...

  13. 27 CFR 4.65 - Comparative advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... outlined in the Manual on Sensory Testing Methods, ASTM Special Technical Publication 434, published by the American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103, ASTM,...

  14. 49 CFR 179.100-20 - Stamping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... follows: Example of required stamping Specification DOT-105A100W Material ASTM A 516 Cladding material (if any) ASTM A240-304 Tank builder's initials Clad Date of original test ABC Car assembler (if other...

  15. 27 CFR 4.65 - Comparative advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... outlined in the Manual on Sensory Testing Methods, ASTM Special Technical Publication 434, published by the American Society for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103, ASTM,...

  16. 27 CFR 5.66 - Comparative advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... accepted procedure is outlined in the Manual on Sensory Testing Methods, ASTM Special Technical Publication..., Pennsylvania 19103, ASTM, 1968, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-15545. (3) A statement shall...

  17. 27 CFR 7.55 - Comparative advertising.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... accepted procedure is outlined in the Manual on Sensory Testing Methods, ASTM Special Technical Publication..., Pennsylvania 19103, ASTM, 1968, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-15545. (3) A statement shall...

  18. 49 CFR 179.100-20 - Stamping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... outside heads as follows: Example of required stamping Specification DOT-105A100W Material ASTM A 516 Cladding material (if any) ASTM A240-304 Tank builder's initials Clad Date of original test ABC...

  19. 49 CFR 179.200-24 - Stamping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... outside heads as follows: Example of required stamping Specification DOT-111A Material ASTM A 516-GR 70 Cladding material (if any) ASTM A240-304 Clad Tank builder's initials ABC Date of original test 00-0000...

  20. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  1. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  2. 46 CFR 160.076-25 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Method Standard 191 or ASTM D 751 (incorporated by reference, see § 160.076-11). (iii) Permeability. The permeability of chamber materials must be determined in accordance with ASTM D 1434 (incorporated by...

  3. 29 CFR Appendix A to Subpart S of... - References for Further Information

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (Classified) Locations. ASTM D3176-1989 (2002) Standard Practice for Ultimate Analysis of Coal and Coke. ASTM... Facilities. NMAB 353-1-1979 Matrix of Combustion-Relevant Properties and Classification of Gases, Vapors,...

  4. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  5. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  6. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  7. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  8. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  9. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  10. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  11. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  12. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  13. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  14. 46 CFR 160.076-25 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Method Standard 191 or ASTM D 751 (incorporated by reference, see § 160.076-11). (iii) Permeability. The permeability of chamber materials must be determined in accordance with ASTM D 1434 (incorporated by...

  15. FCC catalyst selection

    SciTech Connect

    Carter, G.D.L. ); McElhiney, G. )

    1989-09-01

    This paper discusses a commonly used technique for comparing FCC catalytic selectivities based on the ASTM microactivity test (MAT) procedure, ASTM D-3907-80. In its original form the ASTM test provides only very limited information on selectivity. However, extension of the ASTM MAT procedure by using additional product analyses gives a microselectivity test capable of providing detailed yield structure information. This modified MAT procedure thus provides a cost-effective and rapid means of comparing many catalysts.

  16. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy from ASTM International, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, PO Box 0700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428; telephone 610-832-9585; http://www.astm.org. You may inspect a copy at the Office of...-full-size baby crib shall comply with all applicable provisions of ASTM F 406-10a, Standard...

  17. 46 CFR 160.174-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... reference in this subpart are: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM C 177-85 (1993), Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus—160.174-17 ASTM C...

  18. 46 CFR 76.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard...) ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and Materials) (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM F 1121-87 (1993), Standard Specification for International...

  19. 46 CFR 162.027-2 - Design, construction, testing and marking requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... the requirements of ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1). (b) All inspections and tests required by ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1) must be performed by an... completion of the testing required by ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1)....

  20. 46 CFR 162.027-2 - Design, construction, testing and marking requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the requirements of ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1). (b) All inspections and tests required by ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1) must be performed by an... completion of the testing required by ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1)....

  1. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, telephone 610-832-9585, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (Reapproved 1993),...

  2. 46 CFR 160.174-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... reference in this subpart are: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM C 177-85 (1993), Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus—160.174-17 ASTM C...

  3. 46 CFR 95.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast... below. (b) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, telephone 610-832-9585, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (1993),...

  4. 46 CFR 35.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Materials 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM F 1014-92Standard Specification for Flashlights on Vessels. Section affected—35.30-20(c)(3) ASTM Adjunct F 1626, Symbols for Use in Accordance with Regulation II-2/20 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, PCN 12-616260-01, © 1996-35.10-3 ASTM D...

  5. 75 FR 65051 - Consensus Standards, Standard Practice for Inspection of Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) intention to accept the ASTM International's F2696-08 Standard... Comments, and must specify the standard being addressed by ASTM F2696-08 Standard Practice for Inspection... forwarded to ASTM International Committee F39 for consideration. The standard may be changed in light of...

  6. 46 CFR 32.01-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Classing Steel Vessels, 1989 32.15-15; 32.60-10; 32.65-40 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM D 4986-98, Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials 32.57-10 ASTM F 1273-91 (1997),...

  7. 16 CFR 1217.2 - Requirements for toddler beds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of these ASTM standards from ASTM International... 1, 2010, instead of the requirements of 6.8.2. See 16 CFR Part 1219 for complete requirements for... section 8 of ASTM F 1169-10, instead of the requirements of 8.4.3. See 16 CFR Part 1219 for...

  8. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. References CFR Citation ASTM D 93 - 90... Bomb Method) § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 240-87 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid...) Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen Inorganic Material by Modified KJELDAHL Method § 761.71(b)(2)(vi)...

  9. 77 FR 45242 - Revisions to Safety Standards for Durable Infant or Toddler Products: Infant Bath Seats and Full...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... stringent. 75 FR 31691. ASTM notified us that the current version of the ASTM standard for infant bath seats..., with two modifications to ] make the standard more stringent. 75 FR 81766. ASTM notified us that the..., family child care homes, and places of public accommodation. 75 FR 81786-87. The crib rule...

  10. 40 CFR 1065.701 - General requirements for test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CFR part 80 for measuring the same parameter. For example, we may identify different reference procedures for measuring gasoline parameters in 40 CFR 80.46. (e) Two-stroke fuel/oil mixing. For two-stroke... residual ASTM D975 Middle distillate ASTM D6985 Biodiesel (B100) ASTM D6751 Intermediate and residual...

  11. 16 CFR 1217.2 - Requirements for toddler beds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of these ASTM standards from ASTM International... 1, 2010, instead of the requirements of 6.8.2. See 16 CFR Part 1219 for complete requirements for... section 8 of ASTM F 1169-10, instead of the requirements of 8.4.3. See 16 CFR Part 1219 for...

  12. DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS FOR EVALUATING THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: FIERY DISCUSSIONS, COMMON PURPOSE, A PROVEN WIN-WIN PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AND ASTM COMMITTEE E47 (NON-PEER REV'D. JOURNAL)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The development of standards through the consensus based process is often a long and arduous process even in the best of circumstances. The impetus to develop standards is a need to obtain high quality data for the evaluation of questions that often pertain to the development of...

  13. Performance Concept in Buildings. Volume 1: Invited Papers. Proceedings of a Symposium Jointly Sponsored by the International Union of Testing and Research Laboratories for Materials and Structures (RILEM), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the International Council for Building Research Studies and Documentation (CIB) (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, May 2-5, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Bruce E., Ed.

    Volume 1 contains all the invited papers accepted for the symposium. The subject matter covered in the papers includes physiological, anthropometrical, psychological, sociological, and economic human requirements and methods of evaluation; physical requirements and methods of evaluation in mechanical, acoustical, thermal, dimensional stability,…

  14. 16 CFR 306.0 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....gov/federal_register/cfr/ibr_locations.html). (m) Biodiesel blend means a blend of petroleum-based... Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of ASTM D4814... with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of ASTM D975-07b may be obtained from ASTM...

  15. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must...), Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over) (“ASTM A 134... Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over) (“ASTM A 139”), 56.60-1; (9) ASTM...

  16. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must...), Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over) (“ASTM A 134... Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over) (“ASTM A 139”), 56.60-1; (9) ASTM...

  17. Task group to develop list of environmental standards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    A new task group designed to develop a list of existing and potential standards that are applicable to environmental contamination problems in soil, rock, and groundwater has been established by the American Society for Testing a n d Materials (ASTM) Subcommittee on Geotechnics of Waste Management. The list currently includes over 60 existing and draft ASTM standards from ASTM committees in the areas of site characterization, construction evaluation, and geosynthetics.

  18. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... meter Method 30B (M30B) at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-8 of this chapter or ASTM D5954 a, ASTM D6350 a... Method 29, 30A, or 30B (M29, M30A, or M30B) at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-8 of this chapter or Method 101A or Method 102 at 40 CFR part 61, appendix B of this chapter, or ASTM Method D6784 a or...

  19. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... meter Method 30B (M30B) at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-8 of this chapter or ASTM D5954 a, ASTM D6350 a... Method 29, 30A, or 30B (M29, M30A, or M30B) at 40 CFR part 60, appendix A-8 of this chapter or Method 101A or Method 102 at 40 CFR part 61, appendix B of this chapter, or ASTM Method D6784 a or...

  20. Proceedings of the 20th symposium on fracture mechanics

    SciTech Connect

    Wei, R.P. ); Gangloff, R.P. )

    1987-01-01

    This book contains the proceeding of the ASTM symposium on fracture mechanics. Topics covered include: Analytical fracture mechanics, Environmentally assisted cracking, and Microstructure and micromechanical modeling.

  1. The oxygen sensitivity/compatibility ranking of several materials by different test methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lockhart, Billy J.; Bryan, Coleman J.; Hampton, Michael D.

    1989-01-01

    Eleven materials were evaluated for oxygen compatibility using the following test methods: heat of combustion (ASTM D 2015), liquid oxygen impact (ASTM D 2512), pneumatic impact (ASTM G 74), gaseous mechanical impact (ASTM G 86), autogenous ignition temperature by pressurized differential scanning calorimeter, and the determination of the 50 percent reaction level in liquid oxygen using silicon carbide as a reaction enhancer. The eleven materials evaluated were: Teflon TFE, Vespel SP-21, Krytox 240AC, Viton PLV5010B, Fluorel E2160, Kel F 81, Fluorogold, Fluorogreen E-600, Rulon A, Garlock 8573, nylon 6/6.

  2. 46 CFR 30.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To..., http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM D 323-94, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum...

  3. 46 CFR 30.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To..., http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM D 323-94, Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum...

  4. 40 CFR 63.3161 - How do I demonstrate initial compliance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... matter mass fraction using Method 24 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, or an EPA approved alternative method... Method 24 of 40 CFR part 60, appendix A, or an approved alternative method, the test method results will... authority that the facility's data are correct. (1) ASTM Method D2697-86 (Reapproved 1998) or ASTM...

  5. 49 CFR 224.103 - Characteristics of retroreflective sheeting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... incorporation by reference of this standard in this section in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated standard from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O... by the chromaticity coordinates of ASTM International's Standard D 4956-04, “Standard...

  6. Spray drift reduction test method correlation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    ASTM Standard E609 Terminology Relating to Pesticides defines drift as “The physical movement of an agrochemical through the air at the time of application or soon thereafter to any non or off target site.” Since there are many commercial tank mix adjuvants designed to reduce spray drift, ASTM esta...

  7. 33 CFR 137.20 - May industry standards be used to comply with this regulation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...? The industry standards in ASTM E 1527-05, (Referenced in § 137.15) may be used to comply with the requirements set forth in §§ 137.45 through 137.85 of this part. Use of ASTM E 1527-05 for this purpose...

  8. 49 CFR 224.103 - Characteristics of retroreflective sheeting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... incorporation by reference of this standard in this section in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of the incorporated standard from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O... by the chromaticity coordinates of ASTM International's Standard D 4956-04, “Standard...

  9. 33 CFR 137.20 - May industry standards be used to comply with this regulation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...? The industry standards in ASTM E 1527-05, (Referenced in § 137.15) may be used to comply with the requirements set forth in §§ 137.45 through 137.85 of this part. Use of ASTM E 1527-05 for this purpose...

  10. 40 CFR 80.9 - Rounding a test result for determining conformance with a fuels standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... compliance with the fuel standards of 40 CFR part 80, a test result will be rounded to the nearest unit of... Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. A copy may be obtained from the... in the ASTM standard practice, ASTM E 29-02 e1, entitled, “Standard Practice for Using...

  11. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy from ASTM International, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, PO Box 0700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428... comply with all applicable provisions of ASTM F 406-10a, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for...

  12. 46 CFR 182.440 - Independent fuel tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... incorporated byreference; see 46 CFR 175.600) Thickness in millimeters (inches) and 1 vs. tank capacities for... metals. Avoid dissimilar metal contact with tank body. 8 The requirements of 46 CFR 182.440(a)(2) apply... test methods in ASTM D 635 and ASTM D 2863 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600),...

  13. 46 CFR 182.440 - Independent fuel tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... incorporated byreference; see 46 CFR 175.600) Thickness in millimeters (inches) and 1 vs. tank capacities for... metals. Avoid dissimilar metal contact with tank body. 8 The requirements of 46 CFR 182.440(a)(2) apply... test methods in ASTM D 635 and ASTM D 2863 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600),...

  14. 46 CFR 182.440 - Independent fuel tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... incorporated byreference; see 46 CFR 175.600) Thickness in millimeters (inches) and 1 vs. tank capacities for... metals. Avoid dissimilar metal contact with tank body. 8 The requirements of 46 CFR 182.440(a)(2) apply... test methods in ASTM D 635 and ASTM D 2863 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600),...

  15. 46 CFR 182.440 - Independent fuel tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... incorporated byreference; see 46 CFR 175.600) Thickness in millimeters (inches) and 1 vs. tank capacities for... metals. Avoid dissimilar metal contact with tank body. 8 The requirements of 46 CFR 182.440(a)(2) apply... test methods in ASTM D 635 and ASTM D 2863 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600),...

  16. 46 CFR 182.440 - Independent fuel tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incorporated byreference; see 46 CFR 175.600) Thickness in millimeters (inches) and 1 vs. tank capacities for... metals. Avoid dissimilar metal contact with tank body. 8 The requirements of 46 CFR 182.440(a)(2) apply... test methods in ASTM D 635 and ASTM D 2863 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600),...

  17. 7 CFR 1755.370 - RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel strand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51 on January 19, 1990). Copies of ASTM A475-78 are available for inspection... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel... steel strand. (a) RUS incorporates by reference ASTM A475-78, Standard Specification for...

  18. 7 CFR 1755.370 - RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel strand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51 on January 19, 1990). Copies of ASTM A475-78 are available for inspection... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel... steel strand. (a) RUS incorporates by reference ASTM A475-78, Standard Specification for...

  19. 7 CFR 1755.370 - RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel strand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51 on January 19, 1990). Copies of ASTM A475-78 are available for inspection... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel... steel strand. (a) RUS incorporates by reference ASTM A475-78, Standard Specification for...

  20. 7 CFR 1755.370 - RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel strand.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51 on January 19, 1990). Copies of ASTM A475-78 are available for inspection... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false RUS specification for seven wire galvanized steel... steel strand. (a) RUS incorporates by reference ASTM A475-78, Standard Specification for...

  1. Methods to Use Surface Infiltration Tests in Permeable Pavement Systems to Determine Maintenance Frequency

    EPA Science Inventory

    Currently, there is limited guidance on selecting test sites to measure surface infiltration rates in permeable pavement systems to determine maintenance frequency. The ASTM method (ASTM C1701) for measuring infiltration rate of in-place pervious concrete suggest to either (1) p...

  2. Evaluation of Surface Infiltration Testing Procedures in Permeable Pavement Systems

    EPA Science Inventory

    The ASTM method (ASTM C1701) for measuring infiltration rate of in-place pervious concrete provides limited guidance on how to select testing locations, so research is needed to evaluate how testing sites should be selected and how results should be interpreted to assess surface ...

  3. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy from ASTM..._locations.html. (b) Comply with the ASTM F 1169-10 standard with the following additions or exclusions:...

  4. 46 CFR 39.1005 - Incorporation by reference-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must...) American Petroleum Institute (API), 1220 L Street NW., Washington, DC 20005. (1) API Standard 2000, Venting... (reaffirmed December 1987)(“API 2000”), IBR approved for § 39.2011(b). (2) (d) ASTM International (ASTM),...

  5. 49 CFR 179.220-25 - Stamping.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: Material ASTM A240-316L. Shell thickness Shell 0.167 in. Head thickness Head 0.150 in. Tank builders initials ABC. Date of original test 00-0000. Outer shell: Material ASTM A285-C. Tank builders initials...

  6. 33 CFR 137.20 - May industry standards be used to comply with this regulation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...? The industry standards in ASTM E 1527-05, (Referenced in § 137.15) may be used to comply with the requirements set forth in §§ 137.45 through 137.85 of this part. Use of ASTM E 1527-05 for this purpose...

  7. 49 CFR 173.315 - Compressed gases in cargo tanks and portable tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... transport a flammable gas. Note 12: No aluminum, copper, silver, zinc or an alloy of any of these metals... limitations for classification 1 of the ASTM Copper Strip Classifications when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1838, “Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases” (IBR, see § 171.7 of...

  8. 49 CFR 173.315 - Compressed gases in cargo tanks and portable tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... transport a flammable gas. Note 12: No aluminum, copper, silver, zinc or an alloy of any of these metals... limitations for classification 1 of the ASTM Copper Strip Classifications when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1838, “Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases” (IBR, see § 171.7 of...

  9. 49 CFR 173.315 - Compressed gases in cargo tanks and portable tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... transport a flammable gas. Note 12: No aluminum, copper, silver, zinc or an alloy of any of these metals... limitations for classification 1 of the ASTM Copper Strip Classifications when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1838, “Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases” (IBR, see § 171.7 of...

  10. 49 CFR 173.315 - Compressed gases in cargo tanks and portable tanks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... transport a flammable gas. Note 12: No aluminum, copper, silver, zinc or an alloy of any of these metals... limitations for classification 1 of the ASTM Copper Strip Classifications when tested in accordance with ASTM D 1838, “Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases” (IBR, see § 171.7 of...

  11. 40 CFR 1051.501 - What procedures must I use to test my vehicles or engines?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Fuel C as specified in ASTM D 471-98 (see 40 CFR 1060.810) blended with 10 percent ethanol by volume... Fuel C as specified in ASTM D 471-98 (see 40 CFR 1060.810) blended with 10 percent ethanol by volume... spark-ignition engines in 40 CFR part 1065 to determine whether your snowmobiles meet the...

  12. 40 CFR 1065.701 - General requirements for test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... these procedures, you may instead rely upon the procedures identified in 40 CFR part 80 for measuring... parameters in 40 CFR 80.46. (e) Two-stroke fuel/oil mixing. For two-stroke engines, use a fuel/oil mixture... Motor vehicle gasoline ASTM D4814-07a. Minor oxygenated gasoline blends ASTM D4814-07a. Alcohol...

  13. 40 CFR 1065.701 - General requirements for test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... these procedures, you may instead rely upon the procedures identified in 40 CFR part 80 for measuring... parameters in 40 CFR 80.46. (e) Two-stroke fuel/oil mixing. For two-stroke engines, use a fuel/oil mixture... Motor vehicle gasoline ASTM D4814-07a. Minor oxygenated gasoline blends ASTM D4814-07a. Alcohol...

  14. 40 CFR 1051.501 - What procedures must I use to test my vehicles or engines?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Fuel C as specified in ASTM D 471-98 (see 40 CFR 1060.810) blended with 10 percent ethanol by volume... Fuel C as specified in ASTM D 471-98 (see 40 CFR 1060.810) blended with 10 percent ethanol by volume... spark-ignition engines in 40 CFR part 1065 to determine whether your snowmobiles meet the...

  15. 40 CFR 86.1105-87 - Emission standards for which nonconformance penalties are available.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. This document is available from ASTM... VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) Nonconformance Penalties for Gasoline-Fueled and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines... the overall Consumer Price Index, and rounded to the nearest whole dollar in accordance with ASTM...

  16. 21 CFR 175.270 - Poly(vinyl fluoride) resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...(vinyl fluoride) basic resins have an intrinsic viscosity of not less than 0.75 deciliter per gram as determined by ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride... (ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride...

  17. 78 FR 53734 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Infant Bath Seats

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ... infant bath seats. 75 FR 31691. On July 31, 2012, the Commission adopted the revised ASTM standard for infant bath seats, ASTM F1967-11a. 77 FR 45242. The requirements for infant bath seats are set forth... COMMISSION Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Infant Bath...

  18. 78 FR 37706 - Safety Standards for Infant Walkers and Infant Swings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... for Infant Walkers, with 22 modifications to make the standard more stringent. 75 FR 35266. ASTM... assessment bodies for testing infant walkers (75 FR 35282 (June 21, 2010)) and infant swings (78 FR 15836..., with two modifications to make the standard more stringent. 77 FR 66703. ASTM notified CPSC that...

  19. 78 FR 73506 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Infant Bath Seats

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-06

    ... modifications to reduce further the risk of injury associated with infant bath seats. 75 FR 31691. On July 31, 2012, the Commission adopted the revised ASTM standard for infant bath seats, ASTM F1967-11a. 77 FR....gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the Federal Register of August 30, 2013 (78 FR 53734),...

  20. 76 FR 57682 - Petition Requesting Regulations Restricting Cadmium in Children's Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-16

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Chapter II Petition Requesting Regulations Restricting Cadmium in Children's Products... cadmium in children's products, especially toy metal jewelry. On September 6, 2011, the Commission granted... cadmium in children's jewelry is published by ASTM International, Inc. (``ASTM'') within three...

  1. 46 CFR 160.170-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... approved for § 160.170-7 (“ASTM A 36”). (2) ASTM A 276-08a, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars... 313M-08, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Spring Wire, (approved October 1, 2008),...

  2. 46 CFR 160.133-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... approved for § 160.133-7 (“ASTM A 36”). (2) ASTM A 276-08a, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars... 313M -08, Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Spring Wire, (approved October 1, 2008),...

  3. 24 CFR 3280.304 - Materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Stiffness of Paperboard, and Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard—ASTM D781, 1973. Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials—ASTM D 4442-92 (Re-approved 1997... of installation. (b)(1) Standards for some of the generally used materials and methods...

  4. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must... 134-96, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over... Pipe (“ASTM A 135”), 56.60-1; (8) ASTM A 139-96, Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion...

  5. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that specified in this section, the Coast Guard must... 134-96, Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over... Pipe (“ASTM A 135”), 56.60-1; (8) ASTM A 139-96, Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion...

  6. 16 CFR 1500.43 - Method of test for flashpoint of volatile flammable materials by Tagliabue open-cup apparatus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... distillation of industrial aromatic hydrocarbons (ASTM designation: D 850), or the method of test for distillation range of lacquer solvents and diluents (ASTM) designation D 1078). The range shall include the... means of a calibrated pycnometer. Distillation range: Shall entirely distill within a 1.0 °C....

  7. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter, IBR approved for § 761.71. (4) ASTM D482-87, Standard... approved for § 761.75. (16) ASTM E258-67 (Reapproved 1987), Standard Test Method for Total...

  8. 40 CFR 761.71 - High efficiency boilers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... manner similar to the manner in which it will be operated when low concentration PCB liquid is burned...) methods as follows: Carbon and hydrogen content using ASTM D-3178-84, nitrogen content using ASTM E-258-67... section. (ii) The quantity of low concentration PCB liquid burned in the boiler each month. (iii)...

  9. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter, IBR approved for § 761.71. (4) ASTM D482-87, Standard... approved for § 761.75. (16) ASTM E258-67 (Reapproved 1987), Standard Test Method for Total...

  10. 40 CFR 761.71 - High efficiency boilers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... manner similar to the manner in which it will be operated when low concentration PCB liquid is burned... hydrogen content using ASTM D3178-84, nitrogen content using ASTM E258-67 (Reapproved 1987), sulfur content...) and (b)(1)(vii) of this section. (ii) The quantity of low concentration PCB liquid burned in...

  11. 40 CFR 761.71 - High efficiency boilers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... manner similar to the manner in which it will be operated when low concentration PCB liquid is burned... hydrogen content using ASTM D3178-84, nitrogen content using ASTM E258-67 (Reapproved 1987), sulfur content...) and (b)(1)(vii) of this section. (ii) The quantity of low concentration PCB liquid burned in...

  12. Novel studies of non-aqueous volatiles in lint Cotton moisture tests by complementary thermal methods

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Moisture affects economical and rheological properties of cotton, making its accurate determination important. A significant difference in moisture contents between the current and most cited standard oven drying ASTM method (ASTM D 2495, SOD) and volumetric Karl Fischer Titration (KFT) has been est...

  13. 77 FR 37834 - Revocation of Certain Requirements Pertaining to Caps Intended for Use With Toy Guns and Toy Guns...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-25

    ... CPSC. See 38 FR 27012 (September 27, 1973). One of the transferred regulations includes a ban on caps... things, ASTM F 963 contains provisions regarding sound-producing toys. The ASTM F 963 provisions for sound-producing toys allow manufacturers to use more options with readily available test equipment...

  14. 46 CFR 154.1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... FOR SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES General § 154.1 Incorporation by reference... reference in this part are: American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) ABS Plaza, 16855 Northchase Drive, Houston, TX... for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM A...

  15. 46 CFR 154.1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... FOR SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES General § 154.1 Incorporation by reference... reference in this part are: American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) ABS Plaza, 16855 Northchase Drive, Houston, TX... for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM A...

  16. 40 CFR 1051.501 - What procedures must I use to test my vehicles or engines?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Fuel C as specified in ASTM D 471-98 (see 40 CFR 1060.810) blended with 10 percent ethanol by volume... Fuel C as specified in ASTM D 471-98 (see 40 CFR 1060.810) blended with 10 percent ethanol by volume... spark-ignition engines in 40 CFR part 1065 to determine whether your snowmobiles meet the...

  17. 76 FR 38688 - Certain Welded Stainless Steel Pipe From Korea and Taiwan; Institution of a Five-Year Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ... ASTM A-312 stainless steel pipe from Korea (57 FR 62301) and Taiwan (57 FR 62300). Following first five... ASTM A-312 stainless steel pipe from Korea and Taiwan (71 FR 53412, September 11, 2006). The Commission... as all welded stainless steel pipes and pressure tubes, excluding grade 409 tubes and...

  18. 40 CFR 80.46 - Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... documents listed in this section as prescribed in 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR 51. Anyone may inspect copies at... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection, approved November 1, 2005... Electrochemical Detection, approved December 1, 2007. (xiii) ASTM standard method D3120-06 e1 (“ASTM...

  19. 40 CFR 63.14 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To... Bomb Calorimeter, approved July 1, 2009, IBR approved for table 6 to subpart DDDDD. (3) ASTM Method... appendix A to subpart II. (23) ASTM D2382-76, Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb...

  20. 16 CFR 1215.2 - Requirements for infant bath seats.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy from ASTM International, 100 Bar... ASTM F 1967-08a, comply with the following: (i) 8.1.1 The safety alert symbol, the signal word, and all... Section 1215.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY...

  1. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) Performance Specification 9 in 40 CFR part 60, appendix B for continuous online gas analyzers. The 7-day... feedstock. (i) ASTM D1945-03, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM...

  2. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Performance Specification 9 in 40 CFR part 60, appendix B for continuous online gas analyzers. The 7-day... feedstock. (i) ASTM D1945-03, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM...

  3. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the automotive fuel rating of gasoline, add the research octane number and the motor octane number and... Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel” (incorporated by reference, see § 306.0(b)(2)), to determine the research octane number, and ASTM standard test method ASTM D2700-09, “Standard Test Method...

  4. 46 CFR 160.174-17 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 177, ASTM C 518, or ASTM D 1518. The material must have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W... have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W/(m−° K). (h) Seam strength. The strength of each...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-17 Approval testing....

  5. 46 CFR 160.174-17 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 177, ASTM C 518, or ASTM D 1518. The material must have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W... have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W/(m−° K). (h) Seam strength. The strength of each...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-17 Approval testing....

  6. 46 CFR 160.174-17 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 177, ASTM C 518, or ASTM D 1518. The material must have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W... have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W/(m−° K). (h) Seam strength. The strength of each...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-17 Approval testing....

  7. 46 CFR 160.174-17 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 177, ASTM C 518, or ASTM D 1518. The material must have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W... have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W/(m−° K). (h) Seam strength. The strength of each...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-17 Approval testing....

  8. 46 CFR 160.174-17 - Approval testing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 177, ASTM C 518, or ASTM D 1518. The material must have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W... have a thermal conductivity of not more than 0.25 W/(m−° K). (h) Seam strength. The strength of each...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Thermal Protective Aids § 160.174-17 Approval testing....

  9. 76 FR 33631 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-09

    ... means the thermal conductivity of a material. * * * * * Panel means a construction component that is not... Sec. 431.304. (2) (c) * * * (2) ASTM C1363-05, (``ASTM C1363''), Standard Test Method for Thermal..., Fax: + 32 2 550 08 19 or http://www.cen.eu/ . (1) DIN EN 13164:2009-02, (``DIN EN 13164''),...

  10. 78 FR 79319 - Amendment to Standards and Practices for All Appropriate Inquiries Under CERCLA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... standards and practices for all appropriate inquiries on November 1, 2005 (70 FR 66070). In that rule, EPA... Assessment Process'' and allow for its use to comply with the All Appropriate Inquiries Rule (78 FR 49690). A... Forestland or Rural Property'' (73 FR 78716). In November 2013, ASTM International published ASTM...

  11. 46 CFR 114.600 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Code (U.S.C.) 552(a) and Title 1 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 51. To enforce any edition... 119.440 ASTM D 2863-95, Standard Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index) 119.440 ASTM E 84-98, Standard Test Method for...

  12. Notched bar Izod impact properties of zinc die castings

    SciTech Connect

    Schrems, K.K.; Dogan, O.N.; Goodwin, F.E.

    2007-03-01

    Notched bar Izod impact testing of zinc die cast Alloy 3, Alloy 5, ZA-8, and AcuZinc 5 was performed at five temperatures between -40\\mDC and room temperature in accordance with ASTM E23 for impact testing of metallic materials. A direct comparison between ASTM D256 for impact testing of plastics and ASTM E23 was performed using continuously cast zinc specimens of Alloy 5 and ZA-8 at -40\\mDC and room temperature. There are differences in sample sizes, impact velocity, and striker geometry between the two tests. Bulk zinc tested according to ASTM E23 resulted in higher impact energies at -40\\mDC and lower impact energies at room temperature then did the same alloys when tested according to ASTM D256.

  13. Properties of Concrete with Tire Derived Aggregate Partially Replacing Coarse Aggregates

    PubMed Central

    Siringi, Gideon; Abolmaali, Ali; Aswath, Pranesh B.

    2015-01-01

    Tire derived aggregate (TDA) has been proposed as a possible lightweight replacement for mineral aggregate in concrete. The role played by the amount of TDA replacing coarse aggregate as well as different treatment and additives in concrete on its properties is examined. Conventional concrete (without TDA) and concrete containing TDA are compared by examining their compressive strength based on ASTM C39, workability based on ASTM C143, splitting tensile strength based on ASTM C496, modulus of rupture (flexural strength) based on ASTM C78, and bond stress based on ASTM C234. Results indicate that while replacement of coarse aggregates with TDA results in reduction in strength, it may be mitigated with addition of silica fume to obtain the desired strength. The greatest benefit of using TDA is in the development of a higher ductile product while utilizing recycled TDA. PMID:26161440

  14. Properties of Concrete with Tire Derived Aggregate Partially Replacing Coarse Aggregates.

    PubMed

    Siringi, Gideon; Abolmaali, Ali; Aswath, Pranesh B

    2015-01-01

    Tire derived aggregate (TDA) has been proposed as a possible lightweight replacement for mineral aggregate in concrete. The role played by the amount of TDA replacing coarse aggregate as well as different treatment and additives in concrete on its properties is examined. Conventional concrete (without TDA) and concrete containing TDA are compared by examining their compressive strength based on ASTM C39, workability based on ASTM C143, splitting tensile strength based on ASTM C496, modulus of rupture (flexural strength) based on ASTM C78, and bond stress based on ASTM C234. Results indicate that while replacement of coarse aggregates with TDA results in reduction in strength, it may be mitigated with addition of silica fume to obtain the desired strength. The greatest benefit of using TDA is in the development of a higher ductile product while utilizing recycled TDA. PMID:26161440

  15. Final Report, Volume 2, The Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, Steven, W.; Lundin, Carl, D.

    2005-09-30

    The scope of testing cast Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) required testing to several ASTM specifications, while formulating and conducting industry round robin tests to verify and study the reproducibility of the results. ASTM E562 (Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic manual Point Count) and ASTM A923 (Standard Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Wrought Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels) were the specifications utilized in conducting this work. An ASTM E562 industry round robin, ASTM A923 applicability study, ASTM A923 industry round robin, and an ASTM A923 study of the effectiveness of existing foundry solution annealing procedures for producing cast DSS without intermetallic phases were implemented. In the ASTM E562 study, 5 samples were extracted from various cast austenitic and DSS in order to have varying amounts of ferrite. Each sample was metallographically prepared by UT and sent to each of 8 participants for volume fraction of ferrite measurements. Volume fraction of ferrite was measured using manual point count per ASTM E562. FN was measured from the Feritescope{reg_sign} and converted to volume fraction of ferrite. Results indicate that ASTM E562 is applicable to DSS and the results have excellent lab-to-lab reproducibility. Also, volume fraction of ferrite conversions from the FN measured by the Feritescope{reg_sign} were similar to volume fraction of ferrite measured per ASTM E562. In the ASTM A923 applicability to cast DSS study, 8 different heat treatments were performed on 3 lots of ASTM A890-4A (CD3MN) castings and 1 lot of 2205 wrought DSS. The heat treatments were selected to produce a wide range of cooling rates and hold times in order to study the suitability of ASTM A923 to the response of varying amounts on intermetallic phases [117]. The test parameters were identical to those used to develop ASTM A923 for wrought DSS. Charpy V-notch impact samples were extracted from the

  16. Final Report, Volume 2, The Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, Steven, W.; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30

    The scope of testing cast Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) required testing to several ASTM specifications, while formulating and conducting industry round robin tests to verify and study the reproducibility of the results. ASTM E562 (Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic manual Point Count) and ASTM A923 (Standard Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Wrought Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels) were the specifications utilized in conducting this work. An ASTM E562 industry round robin, ASTM A923 applicability study, ASTM A923 industry round robin, and an ASTM A923 study of the effectiveness of existing foundry solution annealing procedures for producing cast DSS without intermetallic phases were implemented. In the ASTM E562 study, 5 samples were extracted from various cast austenitic and DSS in order to have varying amounts of ferrite. Each sample was metallographically prepared by UT and sent to each of 8 participants for volume fraction of ferrite measurements. Volume fraction of ferrite was measured using manual point count per ASTM E562. FN was measured from the Feritescope® and converted to volume fraction of ferrite. Results indicate that ASTM E562 is applicable to DSS and the results have excellent lab-to-lab reproducibility. Also, volume fraction of ferrite conversions from the FN measured by the Feritescope® were similar to volume fraction of ferrite measured per ASTM E562. In the ASTM A923 applicability to cast DSS study, 8 different heat treatments were performed on 3 lots of ASTM A890-4A (CD3MN) castings and 1 lot of 2205 wrought DSS. The heat treatments were selected to produce a wide range of cooling rates and hold times in order to study the suitability of ASTM A923 to the response of varying amounts on intermetallic phases [117]. The test parameters were identical to those used to develop ASTM A923 for wrought DSS. Charpy V-notch impact samples were extracted from the castings and wrought

  17. Soils Project Risk-Based Corrective Action Evaluation Process with ROTC 1 and ROTC 2, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect

    Matthews, Patrick; Sloop, Christina

    2012-04-01

    This document formally defines and clarifies the NDEP-approved process the NNSA/NSO Soils Activity uses to fulfill the requirements of the FFACO and state regulations. This process is used to establish FALs in accordance with the risk-based corrective action (RBCA) process stipulated in Chapter 445 of the Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) as described in the ASTM International (ASTM) Method E1739-95 (NAC, 2008; ASTM, 1995). It is designed to provide a set of consistent standards for chemical and radiological corrective actions.

  18. 24 CFR 200.945 - Supplementary specific requirements under the HUD building product standards and certification...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Chemists and Colorists: (i) ASTM D418-92—Standard Test Methods for Tuft and Yarn Length of Uncoated Floor..., PA 19103 and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, P.O. Box 12215,...

  19. 30 CFR 870.19 - How to calculate excess moisture in HIGH-rank coals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 51. Each applicable ASTM standard is incorporated as it exists on the date of the approval... equals excess moisture percentage. TM equals total as-shipped moisture percentage calculated according...

  20. 33 CFR 183.607 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., Washington, DC 20593-7000 and at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on...) ASTM Standard D 471. American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive,...

  1. 46 CFR 174.007 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA... are: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken,...

  2. Erosion-corrosion of as-plasma-sprayed and laser-remelted NiCrAlY bond coats in working conditions of a coal-fired boiler

    SciTech Connect

    Sidhu, B.S.; Prakash, S.

    2008-01-15

    Ni-22Cr-10Al-1Y plasma spray coating has been formulated on boiler tube steels. namely, low-carbon steel ASTM SA210-Grade A1. 1Cr-0.5Mo steel ASTM SA213-T-11, and 2.25Cr-1Mo steel ASTM SA213-T-22. The coated steels also have been laser-remelted using a Nd:YAG laser. The degradation behavior of as-sprayed and laser-remelted coatings have been evaluated in actual conditions in a coal-fired boiler for 1,000 h at 755{sup o}C. The laser remelting has been found to be effective to increase the degradation resistance of plasma-sprayed boiler steels. ASTM SA213-T-22-coated and laser-remelted steel has proved to be most effective in resistance to degrading species.

  3. 33 CFR 137.15 - References: Where can I get a copy of the publication mentioned in this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... this part? Section 137.20 of this part refers to ASTM E 1527-05, Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process. That document is available from...

  4. 33 CFR 137.15 - References: Where can I get a copy of the publication mentioned in this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... this part? Section 137.20 of this part refers to ASTM E 1527-05, Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process. That document is available from...

  5. 49 CFR 173.121 - Class 3-Assignment of packing group.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...: (i) Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure (ASTM D 86...—Determination of Distillation Characteristics at Atmospheric Pressure (ISO 3405) (IBR; see § 171.7 of...

  6. 49 CFR 173.121 - Class 3-Assignment of packing group.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... methods: (i) Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure (ASTM D...—Determination of Distillation Characteristics at Atmospheric Pressure (ISO 3405) (IBR; see § 171.7 of...

  7. 49 CFR 173.121 - Class 3-Assignment of packing group.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... methods: (i) Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure (ASTM D...—Determination of Distillation Characteristics at Atmospheric Pressure (ISO 3405) (IBR; see § 171.7 of...

  8. 49 CFR 173.121 - Class 3-Assignment of packing group.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... methods: (i) Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure (ASTM D...—Determination of Distillation Characteristics at Atmospheric Pressure (ISO 3405) (IBR; see § 171.7 of...

  9. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... testing is greater than or equal to the expected duration of dermal contact, and the purge time used in... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit...

  10. 40 CFR 721.4250 - Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-, ethenyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... testing is greater than or equal to the expected duration of dermal contact, and the purge time used in... dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, manufacturers, importers,...

  11. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... testing is greater than or equal to the expected duration of dermal contact, and the purge time used in... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit...

  12. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... testing is greater than or equal to the expected duration of dermal contact, and the purge time used in... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit...

  13. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... testing is greater than or equal to the expected duration of dermal contact, and the purge time used in... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit...

  14. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... testing is greater than or equal to the expected duration of dermal contact, and the purge time used in... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit...

  15. Microstructural Evaluation of Forging Parameters for Superalloy Disks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Falsey, John R.

    2004-01-01

    Forgings of nickel base superalloy were formed under several different strain rates and forging temperatures. Samples were taken from each forging condition to find the ASTM grain size, and the as large as grain (ALA). The specimens were mounted in bakelite, polished, etched and then optical microscopy was used to determine grain size. The specimens ASTM grain sizes from each forging condition were plotted against strain rate, forging temperature, and presoak time. Grain sizes increased with increasing forging temperature. Grain sizes also increased with decreasing strain rates and increasing forging presoak time. The ALA had been determined from each forging condition using the ASTM standard method. Each ALA was compared with the ASTM grain size of each forging condition to determine if the grain sizes were uniform or not. The forging condition of a strain rate of .03/sec and supersolvus heat treatment produced non uniform grains indicated by critical grain growth. Other anomalies are noted as well.

  16. 40 CFR 63.1112 - Extension of compliance, and performance test, monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting waivers...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... would not provide accurate measurements due to liquid water or other interferences caused by substances... the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) test methods or sampling procedures specified...

  17. 40 CFR 721.4250 - Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-, ethenyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with the most current version of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F739... contact the worker in the following state(s): Open liquid pool or solid of greater than 5 kg; liquid...

  18. 40 CFR 721.5310 - Neononanoic acid, ethenyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with the most current version of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F739... contact the worker in the following state(s): Open liquid pool or solid of greater than 5 kg; liquid...

  19. 40 CFR 60.4415 - How do I conduct the initial and subsequent performance tests for sulfur?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... agency. Analyze the samples for the total sulfur content of the fuel using: (i) For liquid fuels, ASTM..., 8, or 20 in appendix A of this part. In addition, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers...

  20. 40 CFR 721.4215 - Hexanedioic acid, diethenyl ester.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... in accordance with the most current version of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM... contact the worker in the following state(s): Open liquid pool or solid of greater than 5 kg; liquid...

  1. 46 CFR 28.40 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Propulsion and Auxiliary Engines 28.380 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor... Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096; SAE J...

  2. Reformulated diesel fuel

    DOEpatents

    McAdams, Hiramie T [Carrollton, IL; Crawford, Robert W [Tucson, AZ; Hadder, Gerald R [Oak Ridge, TN; McNutt, Barry D [Arlington, VA

    2006-03-28

    Reformulated diesel fuels for automotive diesel engines which meet the requirements of ASTM 975-02 and provide significantly reduced emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO.sub.x) and particulate matter (PM) relative to commercially available diesel fuels.

  3. 40 CFR 1065.1010 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference as prescribed in 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part... Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels 1065.701 ASTM D6985-04a,...

  4. 40 CFR 98.7 - What standardized methods are incorporated by reference into this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... reference were approved by the Director of Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR... followed by Ion Chromatography Detection (Combustion Ion Chromatography-CIC) (ASTM D7359), approved...

  5. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  6. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  7. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  8. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy from ASTM International, 100 Bar Harbor Drive, PO Box 0700, West... improvised netting or covers are placed on top of product. Never add such items to confine child in...

  9. Quality control considerations in performing washability analyses

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, R.D.

    1984-10-01

    The author describes, in considerable detail, the procedures for carrying out washability analyses as laid down in ASTM Standard Test Method D4371. These include sampling, sample preparation, hydrometer standardisation, washability testing, and analysis of specific gravity fractions.

  10. 33 CFR 137.15 - References: Where can I get a copy of the publication mentioned in this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... this part? Section 137.20 of this part refers to ASTM E 1527-05, Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process. That document is available from...

  11. 46 CFR 162.027-3 - Approval procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... approved under the provisions of this chapter. ... accordance with ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1) are considered to be approved under the provisions of this chapter. (b) Firehose nozzles designed, constructed, tested and marked...

  12. 46 CFR 162.027-3 - Approval procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... approved under the provisions of this chapter. ... accordance with ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1) are considered to be approved under the provisions of this chapter. (b) Firehose nozzles designed, constructed, tested and marked...

  13. 46 CFR 162.027-3 - Approval procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... approved under the provisions of this chapter. ... accordance with ASTM F 1546 (incorporated by reference, see § 162.027-1) are considered to be approved under the provisions of this chapter. (b) Firehose nozzles designed, constructed, tested and marked...

  14. 40 CFR 80.335 - What gasoline sample retention requirements apply to refiners and importers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... certify that the procedures meet the requirements of the ASTM procedures required under 40 CFR 80.330. (d... plus a sample of the ethanol used to conduct the handblend testing pursuant to § 80.69 must be retained....

  15. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30

    Volume 3 is comprised of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope®, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  16. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, D.

    2005-09-30

    Volume 3 comprises of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope{reg_sign}, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  17. Mechanical Testing Development for Reservoir Forgings

    SciTech Connect

    Wenski, E.G.

    2000-05-22

    The goal of this project was to determine the machining techniques and testing capabilities required for mechanical property evaluation of commercially procured reservoir forgings. Due to the small size of these specific forgings, specialized methods are required to adequately machine and test these sub-miniature samples in accordance with the requirements of ASTM-E8 and ASTM-E9. At the time of project initiation, no capability existed at Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) to verify the physical properties of these reservoirs as required on the drawing specifications. The project determined the sample definitions, machining processes, and testing procedures to verify the physical properties of the reservoir forgings; specifically, tensile strength, yield strength, reduction of area, and elongation. In addition, a compression test method was also developed to minimize sample preparation time and provide a more easily machined test sample while maintaining the physical validation of the forging.

  18. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....

  19. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....

  20. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....