Note: This page contains sample records for the topic regenerative hyperplasia nrh from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Nodular Regenerative Hyperplasia Secondary to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Colorectal Liver Metastases  

PubMed Central

Liver resection is the only curative treatment for patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLMs). Neoadjuvant chemotherapy can improve resectability but has a potential harmful effect on the nontumorous liver. Patients with chemotherapy-induced hepatic injury undergoing liver surgery have higher risks of post-resectional morbidity. We present two cases of patients without pre-existent liver disease treated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy followed by surgical resection of their CLMs. Their intra-operative liver specimen showed morphologic abnormalities characteristic of nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH). NRH led to portal hypertension in both patients that resulted in deleterious post-resectional complications and death of one patient. Interestingly, the other patient underwent two repeat nonanatomic liver resections because of recurrent CLMs. The intra-operative liver specimen still showed signs of NRH and sinusoidal congestion, but the post-resectional courses were uneventful. Nevertheless, caution is recommended in patients with suspected NRH. Careful volumetric analysis should guide the operative strategy. When future remnant liver volume is regarded insufficient, portal vein embolization or restrictive surgery should be considered.

van den Broek, Maartje A. J.; Olde Damink, Steven W. M.; Driessen, Ann; Dejong, Cornelis H. C.; Bemelmans, Marc H. A.

2009-01-01

2

Portal Hypertension, Nodular Regenerative Hyperplasia of the Liver, and Obstructive Portal Venopathy due to Metastatic Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) of the liver is associated with noncirrhotic portal hypertension, rheumatologic and hematologic disorders, administration of certain drugs, and other underlying conditions. This report describes a 64-year-old man with clinically presumed cirrhosis who presented to our institution with coffee-ground emesis, esophageal varices, ascites, and encephalopathy. Eleven years earlier he had been treated for breast cancer with mastectomy and chemo-radiotherapy. He died suddenly, and the autopsy showed no evidence of cirrhosis but instead demonstrated NRH with extensive emboli of recurrent breast carcinoma within the portal vein and its intrahepatic branches. Neoplastic occlusion of the portal vein as a cause of presinusoidal noncirrhotic portal hypertension has not previously been reported for metastatic breast carcinoma. This case highlights the importance of obstructive portal venopathy in the pathogenesis of NRH as well as the diagnostic difficulties that may be encountered in determining the cause of portal hypertension.

Turk, Andrew T.; Szabolcs, Matthias J.; Lefkowitch, Jay H.

2013-01-01

3

Drug-induced nodular regenerative hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Drug-induced nodular regenerative hyperplasia is an uncommon injury with unique pathophysiology, clinical, and diagnostic considerations. This injury is characteristically asymptomatic in its early phases with only mild elevations in transaminases (< 3× upper limit of normal [ULN]). The latency period is typically more than 6 months. Once clinically apparent, it is marked by complications of portal hypertension, including hypersplenism, ascites, and variceal bleeding, with little or no hepatic dysfunction. Hence, it is an important cause of noncirrhotic portal hypertension. The most commonly associated drugs include thiopurines, chemotherapeutic agents, and antiretroviral agents. Diagnosis is aided by the recognition of noncirrhotic portal hypertension, a detailed history of prior drug exposure, and exclusion of the other causes of nodular regenerative hyperplasia. Clinical history, abdominal imaging, and hepatic hemodynamic studies provide important diagnostic clues, but histologic examination remains the diagnostic gold standard. Therapeutic intervention is aimed at earliest discontinuation of the offending agent and of portal hypertension complications. The natural history varies widely, and portal hypertension can progresses despite drug discontinuation. PMID:24879987

Ghabril, Marwan; Vuppalanchi, Raj

2014-05-01

4

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the funded work was to establish the NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) whose mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation- related basic and applied neuroscience research. Funding supported the development of research studies in th...

A. Dromerick

2008-01-01

5

NRH Neuroscience Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NRH Neuroscience Research Center (NRC) mission is to promote and accomplish rehabilitation-related basic and applied neuroscience research. As part of this mission, the NRC: (1) Develops new clinical interventions for patients with neurologically base...

E. B. Healton

2005-01-01

6

Hepatopulmonary syndrome associated with nodular regenerative hyperplasia after liver transplantation in a child.  

PubMed

HPS is a significant complication of portal hypertension in children with chronic liver disease and is an established indication for LT. It is characterized clinically by the triad of pulmonary vascular dilatation causing hypoxemia in the setting of advanced liver disease. NRH, a cause of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension, is characterized by diffuse benign transformation of the hepatic parenchyma into small regenerative nodules with minimal or no fibrosis. Development of NRH and HPS in pediatric LT recipients has not been reported, although occasional cases have been reported in adult LT recipients. In this report, we discuss a case of a three-yr-old male who developed HPS, two yr after LT. Pulmonary and cardiac causes for hypoxemia were ruled out by appropriate investigations including a chest X ray, echocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, and a CT angiographic study. The diagnosis of HPS was confirmed via bubble echocardiogram that demonstrated intrapulmonary shunting. Open liver biopsy revealed marked NRH. The patient underwent liver retransplantation that resulted in complete reversal of his pulmonary symptoms and normal oxygen saturations within three months after LT. PMID:24820314

Alhosh, Rabea; Genyk, Yuri; Alexopoulos, Sophoclis; Thomas, Daniel; Zhou, Shengmei; Yanni, George; Kerkar, Nanda

2014-08-01

7

Concurrent Liver Hodgkin Lymphoma and Nodular Regenerative Hyperplasia on an Explanted Liver with Clinical Diagnosis of Alcoholic Cirrhosis at University Hospital Fundaci?n Santa Fe de Bogot?  

PubMed Central

Liver involvement by Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is well documented. However, secondary liver failure to this neoplastic process is rare and usually presents late in the course of the disease. We present a case of a HL associated with nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) diagnosed on an explanted liver from a 53-year-old patient with clinical diagnosis of alcoholic cirrhosis. Hematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E) showed abnormal liver architecture with hepatocytes nodules highlighted by reticulin stain with absent fibrosis on the trichrome stain. The portal spaces had diffuse infiltration by Reed-Sternberg cells positive for CD15, CD30, and latent membrane protein (LMP) on immunohistochemical studies. The patient also had a concurrent hilar lymph node biopsy that also showed HL involvement. Liver failure as the initial presentation of Hodgkin' lymphoma is rare. We believe that more research about the utility of performing liver biopsies in patients candidates for transplantation with noncirrhotic hepatic failure is needed in order to establish the etiology and the optimal treatment.

Lopez, R.; Barrera, L.; Vera, A.; Andrade, R.

2014-01-01

8

Coexpression of IL-6 and soluble IL-6R causes nodular regenerative hyperplasia and adenomas of the liver.  

PubMed Central

Studies with tumor necrosis factor p55 receptor- and interleukin-6 (IL-6)-deficient mice have shown that IL-6 is required for hepatocyte proliferation and reconstitution of the liver mass after partial hepatectomy. The biological activities of IL-6 are potentiated when this cytokine binds soluble forms of its specific receptor subunit (sIL-6R) and the resulting complex interacts with the transmembrane signaling chain gp130. We show here that double transgenic mice expressing high levels of both human IL-6 and sIL-6R under the control of liver-specific promoters spontaneously develop nodules of hepatocellular hyperplasia around periportal spaces and present signs of sustained hepatocyte proliferation. The resulting picture is identical to that of human nodular regenerative hyperplasia, a condition frequently associated with immunological and myeloproliferative disorders. In high expressors, hyperplastic lesions progress with time into discrete liver adenomas. These data strongly suggest that the IL-6/sIL-6R complex is both a primary stimulus to hepatocyte proliferation and a pathogenic factor of hepatocellular transformation.

Maione, D; Di Carlo, E; Li, W; Musiani, P; Modesti, A; Peters, M; Rose-John, S; Della Rocca, C; Tripodi, M; Lazzaro, D; Taub, R; Savino, R; Ciliberto, G

1998-01-01

9

Pregnancy restores the regenerative capacity of the aged liver via activation of an mTORC1-controlled hyperplasia/hypertrophy switch  

PubMed Central

Regenerative capacity is progressively lost with age. Here we show that pregnancy markedly improved liver regeneration in aged mice concomitantly with inducing a switch from proliferation-based liver regeneration to a regenerative process mediated by cell growth. We found that the key mediator of this switch was the Akt/mTORC1 pathway; its inhibition blocked hypertrophy, while increasing proliferation. Moreover, pharmacological activation of this pathway sufficed to induce the hypertrophy module, mimicking pregnancy. This treatment dramatically improved hepatic regenerative capacity and survival of old mice. Thus, cell growth-mediated mass reconstitution, which is relatively resistant to the detrimental effects of aging, is employed in a physiological situation and holds potential as a therapeutic strategy for ameliorating age-related functional deterioration.

Gielchinsky, Yuval; Laufer, Neri; Weitman, Efi; Abramovitch, Rinat; Granot, Zvi; Bergman, Yehudit; Pikarsky, Eli

2010-01-01

10

Regenerative Energiequellen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primärenergieträger bezeichnet man als „regenerativ“, wenn sie sich von selbst und innerhalb menschlicher Zeitmaßstäbe erneuern.\\u000a Regenerative Energieträger stehen damit im Gegensatz zu den fossilen und nuklearen Energieträgern, die sich über geologische\\u000a Prozesse in Jahrmillionen gebildet haben und deren Nutzung zu einer stetigen Abnahme führt. Die größte Bedeutung kommt der\\u000a Solarstrahlung, d.h. dem Strahlungsangebot der Sonne zu, auf das sich die

Viktor Wesselak; Thomas Schabbach

11

The two common polymorphic forms of human NRH-quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) have different biochemical properties  

PubMed Central

There are two common forms of NRH-quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) in the human population resulting from SNP rs1143684. One has phenylalanine at position 47 (NQO2-F47) and the other leucine (NQO2-L47). Using recombinant proteins, we show that these variants have similar steady state kinetic parameters, although NQO2-L47 has a slightly lower specificity constant. NQO2-L47 is less stable towards proteolytic digestion and thermal denaturation than NQO2-F47. Both forms are inhibited by resveratrol, but NQO2-F47 shows negative cooperativity with this inhibitor. Thus these data demonstrate, for the first time, clear biochemical differences between the variants which help explain previous biomedical and epidemiological findings.

Megarity, Clare F.; Gill, James R.E.; Clare Caraher, M.; Stratford, Ian J.; Nolan, Karen A.; Timson, David J.

2014-01-01

12

The two common polymorphic forms of human NRH-quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) have different biochemical properties.  

PubMed

There are two common forms of NRH-quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) in the human population resulting from SNP rs1143684. One has phenylalanine at position 47 (NQO2-F47) and the other leucine (NQO2-L47). Using recombinant proteins, we show that these variants have similar steady state kinetic parameters, although NQO2-L47 has a slightly lower specificity constant. NQO2-L47 is less stable towards proteolytic digestion and thermal denaturation than NQO2-F47. Both forms are inhibited by resveratrol, but NQO2-F47 shows negative cooperativity with this inhibitor. Thus these data demonstrate, for the first time, clear biochemical differences between the variants which help explain previous biomedical and epidemiological findings. PMID:24631540

Megarity, Clare F; Gill, James R E; Caraher, M Clare; Stratford, Ian J; Nolan, Karen A; Timson, David J

2014-05-01

13

Endometrial hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endometrial hyperplasia covers a group of abnormalities encompassing pre-malignant lesions of the endometrium. It is classified according to cellular and structural appearances, and is recognized as an oestrogen-dependent condition. Pre-disposing factors include therapies resulting in exogenous oestrogenic stimulation, and conditions causing excessive oestrogen production.The risk of progression to cancer in untreated cases is uncertain as a result of a tendency

Robert Hammond; Jane Johnson

2004-01-01

14

Fully relayed regenerative amplifier  

DOEpatents

A regenerative laser apparatus and method using the optical relay concept to maintain high fill factors, to suppress diffraction effects, and to minimize phase distortions in a regenerative amplifier.

Glass, Alexander J. (Berkeley, CA) [Berkeley, CA

1981-01-01

15

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

MedlinePLUS

... is congenital adrenal hyperplasia? Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, or CAH, is a disorder that affects the adrenal glands. ... and cortisol and aldosterone. A person who has CAH doesn't make enough of the hormones cortisol ...

16

Regenerative (Regen) ECLSS Operations Water Balance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In November 2008, the Water Regenerative System racks were launched aboard Space Shuttle flight, STS-126 (ULF2) and installed and activated on the International Space Station (ISS). These racks, consisting of the Water Processor Assembly (WPA) and Urine Processor Assembly (UPA), completed the installation of the Regenerative (Regen) ECLSS systems which includes the Oxygen Generator Assembly (OGA) that was launched 2 years prior. With the onset of active water management on the US segment of the ISS, a new operational concept was required, that of "water balance." Even more recently, in 2010 the Sabatier system came online which converts H2 and CO2 into water and methane. The Regen ECLSS systems accept condensation from the atmosphere, urine from crew, and processes that fluid via various means into potable water which is used for crew drinking, building up skip-cycle water inventory, and water for electrolysis to produce oxygen. Specification rates of crew urine output, condensate output, O2 requirements, toilet flush water and drinking needs are well documented and used as a general plan when Regen ECLSS came online. Spec rates are useful in long term planning, however, daily or weekly rates are dependent on a number of variables. The constantly changing rates created a new challenge for the ECLSS flight controllers, who are responsible for operating the ECLSS systems onboard ISS. This paper will review the various inputs to rate changes and inputs to planning events, including but not limited to; crew personnel makeup, Regen ECLSS system operability, vehicle traffic, water containment availability, and Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) capability. Along with the inputs that change the various rates, the paper will review the different systems, their constraints and finally the operational means by which flight controllers manage this new challenge of "water balance."

Tobias, Barry

2010-01-01

17

Cytomics in regenerative medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cytomics is the high-content analysis of cell-systems [6, 78]. The area of Cytomics and Systems Biology received great attention during the last years as it harbours the promise to substantially impact on various fields of biomedicine, drug discovery, predictive medicine [6] and may have major potential for regenerative medicine. In regenerative medicine Cytomics includes process control of cell preparation and

Attila Tárnok; Arkadiusz Pierzchalski

2008-01-01

18

Indolequinone Inhibitors of NRH:Quinone Oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2). Characterization of Mechanism of Inhibition in both Cell-free and Cellular Systems. †  

PubMed Central

We describe a series of indolequinones as efficient mechanism-based inhibitors of NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) for use either in cellular or cell-free systems. Compounds were designed to be reduced in the active site of the enzyme leading to loss of a substituted phenol leaving group and generation of a reactive iminium electrophile. Inhibition of NQO2 activity was assessed in both cell-free systems and in the human leukemia K562 cell line. Inhibition of recombinant human NQO2 by the indolequinones was NRH-dependent with kinetic parameters characteristic of mechanism-based inhibition and partition ratios as low as 2.0. Indolequinones inhibited NQO2 activity in K562 cells at nanomolar concentrations which did not inhibit NQO1 and were non-toxic to cells. Computational-based molecular modeling simulations demonstrated favorable conformations of indolequinones positioned directly above and in parallel to the isoalloxazine ring of FAD and mass spectrometry extended our previous finding of adduction of the FAD in the active site of NQO2 by an indolequinone-derived iminium electrophile to the wider series of indolequinone inhibitors. Modeling combined with biochemical testing identified key structural parameters for effective inhibition including a 5-aminoalkyamino side chain. Hydrogen bonding of the terminal amine nitrogen in the aminoalkylamino side chain was found to be critical for correct orientation of the inhibitors in the active site. These indolequinones were irreversible inhibitors and were found to be at least an order of magnitude more potent than any previously documented competitive inhibitors of NQO2 and represent the first mechanism-based inhibitors of NQO2 to be characterized in cellular systems.

Yan, Chao; Dufour, Marine; Siegel, David; Reigan, Philip; Gomez, Joe; Shieh, Biehuoy; Moody, Christopher J.; Ross, David

2011-01-01

19

Regenerative Fuel Cell System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the work was to develop and define the performance and life characteristics of regenerative fuel cell technology for space applications. The report describes the system, analyses, component configurations, test results and conclusions der...

W. A. Titterington

1970-01-01

20

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) - resources  

MedlinePLUS

Resources - benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); Prostate enlargement resources; BPH resources ... following organizations provide information on benign prostatic hyperplasia ( prostate enlargement ): National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse - ...

21

Regenerative Life Support Evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the development plan and design concept of the Regenerative Life Support Evaluation (RLSE) planned for flight testing in the European Space Agency Spacelab. The development plan encompasses the ongoing advanced life support subsystem and a systems integration effort to evolve concurrently subsystem concepts that perform their function and can be integrated with other subsystems in a flight demonstration of a regenerative life support system. The design concept for RLSE comprises water-electrolysis O2 generation, electrochemically depolarized CO2 removal, and Sabatier CO2 reduction for atmosphere regeneration, urine vapor-compression distillation, and wash-water hyperfiltration for waste-water recovery. The flight demonstration by RLSE is an important step in qualifying the regenerative concepts for life support in space stations.

Kleiner, G. N.; Thompson, C. D.

1977-01-01

22

Microscale Regenerative Heat Exchanger  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The device described herein is designed primarily for use as a regenerative heat exchanger in a miniature Stirling engine or Stirling-cycle heat pump. A regenerative heat exchanger (sometimes called, simply, a "regenerator" in the Stirling-engine art) is basically a thermal capacitor: Its role in the Stirling cycle is to alternately accept heat from, then deliver heat to, an oscillating flow of a working fluid between compression and expansion volumes, without introducing an excessive pressure drop. These volumes are at different temperatures, and conduction of heat between these volumes is undesirable because it reduces the energy-conversion efficiency of the Stirling cycle.

Moran, Matthew E.; Stelter, Stephan; Stelter, Manfred

2006-01-01

23

Regenerative Medicine 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Greek Titan, Prometheus, is a fitting symbol for regenerative medicine. As punishment for giving fire to Humankind, Zeus ordered Prometheus chained to a rock and sent an eagle to eat his liver each day. However, Prometheus liver was able to regenerate...

2010-01-01

24

Hydrogels in Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrogels,due totheiruniquebiocompatibility,flexiblemethodsofsynthesis, range of constituents, and desirable physical characteristics, have been the material of choice for many applications in regenerative medicine. They can serve as scaffolds that provide structural integrity to tissue constructs, control drug and protein delivery to tissues and cultures, and serve as adhesives or barriers between tissue and material surfaces. In this work, the properties of hydrogels

Brandon V. Slaughter; Shahana S. Khurshid; Omar Z. Fisher; Ali Khademhosseini; Nicholas A. Peppas

2009-01-01

25

Intravascular Papillary Endothelial Hyperplasia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Papillary endothelial hyperplasia is a peculiar benign intravascular process that bears a remarkable resemblance to a hemangiosarcoma. In 44 cases of this lesion studied from the files of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, the process manifested as ...

K. P. Clearkin F. M. Enzinger

1975-01-01

26

Regenerative photonic therapy: Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After four decades of research of photobiomodulation phenomena in mammals in vitro and in vivo, a solid foundation is created for the use of photobiomodulation in regenerative medicine. Significant accomplishments are achieved in animal models that demonstrate opportunities for photo-regeneration of injured or pathological tissues: skin, muscles and nerves. However, the use of photobiomodulation in clinical studies leads to controversial results while negative or marginal clinical efficacy is reported along with positive findings. A thor ough analysis of requirements to the optical parameters (dosimetry) for high efficacy in photobimodulation led us to the conclusion that there are several misconceptions in the clinical applications of low level laser therapy (LLLT). We present a novel appr oach of regenerative photonic therapy (RPT) for tissue healing and regeneration that overcomes major drawbacks of LLLT. Encouraging clinical results on RPT efficacy are presented. Requirements for RPT approach and vision for its future development for tissue regeneration is discussed.

Salansky, Natasha; Salansky, Norman

2012-09-01

27

Regenerative periodontal therapy.  

PubMed

The goal of regenerative periodontal therapy is to completely restore the tooth's supporting apparatus that has been lost due to inflammatory periodontal disease or injury. It is characterized by formation of new cementum with inserting collagen fibers, new periodontal ligament, and new alveolar bone. Indeed conventional, nonsurgical, and surgical periodontal therapy usually result in clinical improvements evidenced by probing depth reduction and clinical attachment gain, but the healing occurs predominantly through formation of a long junctional epithelium and no or only unpredictable periodontal regeneration. Therefore, there is an ongoing search for new materials and improved surgical techniques, with the aim of predictably promoting periodontal wound healing/regeneration and improving the clinical outcome. This article attempts to provide the clinician with an overview of the most important biologic events involved in periodontal wound healing/ regeneration and on the criteria on how to select the appropriate regenerative material and surgical technique in order to optimize the clinical outcomes. PMID:24570985

Hägi, Tobias T; Laugisch, Oliver; Ivanovic, Aleksandar; Sculean, Anton

2014-03-01

28

Regenerative fuel cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A development status evaluation is presented for moderate-temperature, single-unit, regenerative fuel cells using either alkaline or solid polymer proton-exchange membrane (PEM) electrolytes. Attention is given to the results thus far obtained for Pt, Ir, Rh, and Na(x)Pt3O4 catalysts. Alkaline electrolyte tests have been performed on a half-cell basis with a floating-electrode cell; PEM testing has been with complete fuel cells, using Nafion 117.

Swette, Larry L.; Kackley, Nancy D.; Laconti, Anthony B.

29

Nanocomposites for Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter describes properties and applications of nanocomposites in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine with\\u000a an emphasis on the impact of the nanophase on nanocomposite function. The nanophase can be used as a means to engineer new\\u000a physical properties that improve the utility of tissue engineering scaffolds. Several examples of the use of the nanophase\\u000a for mechanical reinforcement or drug

Ryan Hoshi; Antonio R. Webb; Hongjin Qiu; Guillermo A. Ameer

30

Regenerative fuel cells  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A development status evaluation is presented for moderate-temperature, single-unit, regenerative fuel cells using either alkaline or solid polymer proton-exchange membrane (PEM) electrolytes. Attention is given to the results thus far obtained for Pt, Ir, Rh, and Na(x)Pt3O4 catalysts. Alkaline electrolyte tests have been performed on a half-cell basis with a floating-electrode cell; PEM testing has been with complete fuel cells, using Nafion 117.

Swette, Larry L.; Kackley, Nancy D.; Laconti, Anthony B.

1992-01-01

31

Cytomics in regenerative medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cytomics is the high-content analysis of cell-systems [6, 78]. The area of Cytomics and Systems Biology received great attention during the last years as it harbours the promise to substantially impact on various fields of biomedicine, drug discovery, predictive medicine [6] and may have major potential for regenerative medicine. In regenerative medicine Cytomics includes process control of cell preparation and culturing using non-invasive detection techniques, quality control and standardization for GMP and GLP conformity and even prediction of cell fate based on sophisticated data analysis. Cytomics requires quantitative and stoichiometric single cell analysis. In some areas the leading cytometric techniques represent the cutting edge today. Many different applications/variations of multicolour staining were developed for flow- or slide-based cytometry (SBC) analysis of suspensions and sections to whole animal analysis [78]. SBC has become an important analytical technology in drug discovery, diagnosis and research and is an emerging technology for systems analysis [78]. It enables high-content high-throughput measurement of cell suspensions, cell cultures and tissues. In the last years various commercial SBC instruments were launched principally enabling to perform similar tasks. Standardisation as well as comparability of different instruments is a major challenge. Hyperspectral optical imaging may be implemented in SBC analysis for label free cell detection based on cellular autofluorescence [3]. All of these developments push the systemic approach of the analysis of biological specimens to enhance the outcome of regenerative medicine.

Tárnok, Attila; Pierzchalski, Arkadiusz

2008-03-01

32

Cardiac regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Severe heart failure is associated with damage to the myocardium that is irreversible with current medical therapies. Recent experimental and clinical studies, however, have opened the possibility of solving many of the associated problems, making this an exciting and tangible goal. There are many potential cell sources for regenerative cardiac medicine, including bone marrow stem cells, endothelial progenitor cells, skeletal myocytes, adult cardiac stem cells, and embryonic stem (ES) cells. Although ES cells are highly proliferative and suitable for mass production, they are not autologous, and an efficient protocol is yet to be established to ensure selective cardiomyocyte induction. Recent studies have successfully established inducible pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from mouse and human fibroblasts by the gene transfer of 4 transcription factors that are strongly expressed in ES cells: Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc. iPS cells can differentiate into all 3 germ layer-derived cells and are syngeneic, indicating that they can become an ideal cell source for regenerative medicine. Despite these successes, the accumulating evidence from fields as diverse as developmental biology, stem cell biology and tissue engineering must be integrated to achieve the full potential of cardiac regenerative medicine. PMID:18772528

Yuasa, Shinsuke; Fukuda, Keiichi

2008-01-01

33

Combined true thymic hyperplasia and lymphoid hyperplasia in Graves' disease.  

PubMed

True thymic hyperplasia (enlarged gland composed of histologically unremarkable cortical and medullary parenchyma) and lymphoid hyperplasia (medullary lymphoid follicles in the clinical setting of autoimmunity) usually develop as independent pathologic processes. We reviewed the clinical features and gross and microscopic pathology of 2 hyperthyroid patients with features of both thymic hyperplasia and lymphoid hyperplasia. The diagnosis of thymic hyperplasia was supported by thymic weights greater than two standard deviations above the mean weight for age and histologic evidence of expanded cortical and medullary parenchyma. The diagnosis of lymphoid hyperplasia was supported by the increased number and size of medullary lymphoid follicles and the association with Graves' disease. This unusual combination results from two separate pathogenic mechanisms operating simultaneously in hyperthyroid patients. Elevated thyroid hormones directly stimulate the proliferation of thymic epithelium, producing thymic hyperplasia. The immune abnormalities underlying Graves' disease can also result in lymphoid hyperplasia of the thymus. PMID:2235767

Judd, R; Bueso-Ramos, C

1990-01-01

34

Optimal management of endometrial hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optimal management of endometrial hyperplasia is the subject of considerable debate. In this chapter the development of our current classification of endometrial hyperplasias is outlined in some detail in order to give an understanding of the complexity of the problem of determining the malignant potential of the hyperplasia which is the central issue in determining optimal treatment. While hysterectomy

Donald E. Marsden; Neville F. Hacker

2001-01-01

35

Regenerative air heater  

DOEpatents

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, P.B.; Baldner, R.

1980-11-26

36

Regenerative Sorption Refrigerator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two-stage sorption refrigerator achieves increased efficiency via regenerative-heating concept in which waste heat from praseodymium/cerium oxide (PCO) chemisorption compressor runs charcoal/krypton (C/Kr) sorption compressor. Waste heat from each PCO sorption compressor used to power surrounding C/Kr sorption compressor. Flows of heat in two compressor modules controlled by gas-gap thermal switches. Has no wearing moving parts other than extremely long life, room-temperature check valves operating about twice per hour. Virtually no measurable vibration, and has potential operating life of at least ten years.

Jones, Jack A.; Wen, Liang-Chi; Bard, Steven

1991-01-01

37

Regenerative air heater  

DOEpatents

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, Paul B. (Maple Grove, MN); Baldner, Richard (Minnetonka, MN)

1982-01-01

38

Regenerative adsorbent heat pump  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A regenerative adsorbent heat pump process and system is provided which can regenerate a high percentage of the sensible heat of the system and at least a portion of the heat of adsorption. A series of at least four compressors containing an adsorbent is provided. A large amount of heat is transferred from compressor to compressor so that heat is regenerated. The process and system are useful for air conditioning rooms, providing room heat in the winter or for hot water heating throughout the year, and, in general, for pumping heat from a lower temperature to a higher temperature.

Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

1991-01-01

39

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia  

MedlinePLUS

... or inappropriately). Congenital adrenal hyperplasia can affect both boys and girls. About 1 in 10,000 to 18,000 ... penis but normal testes Well-developed muscles Both boys and girls will be tall as children but much shorter ...

40

Some New Results in Regenerative Process Theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report, we investigate various properties of discrete-time regenerative processes (Xn). We start, in Section 2, by defining the concept of a regenerative stochastic process. In Section 3, ergodic theory for weakly regenerative processes is investi...

P. W. Glynn

1982-01-01

41

Polymeric Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regenerative medicine, one of the most exciting and dynamic life science fields, is an emerging biomedical technology for assisting and accelerating the regeneration and repair of lost or damaged organs or body parts. Modern regenerative medicine is increasingly using three-dimensional structured scaffolds because they represent a wide range of morphological and geometric in vivo possibilities that can be tailored for

Moon Suk Kim; Jae Ho Kim; Byoung Hyun Min; Heung Jae Chun; Dong Keun Han; Hai Bang Lee

2011-01-01

42

Regenerative pulsation in silica microspheres.  

PubMed

Regenerative pulsation from whispering gallery modes excited by a continuous-wave laser beam is observed in silica microspheres that feature a diminishing thermal nonlinearity near 20 K. The regenerative pulsation arises from the competition between Kerr nonlinearity and the much reduced thermal nonlinearity, when the two nonlinearities with very different timescales are comparable in magnitude but opposite in sign. PMID:17975611

Park, Young-Shin; Wang, Hailin

2007-11-01

43

PEM regenerative fuel cells  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper will update the progress in developing electrocatalyst systems and electrode structures primarily for the positive electrode of single-unit solid polymer proton exchange membrane (PEM) regenerative fuel cells. The work was done with DuPont Nafion 117 in complete fuel cells (40 sq cm electrodes). The cells were operated alternately in fuel cell mode and electrolysis mode at 80 C. In fuel cell mode, humidified hydrogen and oxygen were supplied at 207 kPa (30 psi); in electrolysis mode, water was pumped over the positive electrode and the gases were evolved at ambient pressure. Cycling data will be presented for Pt-Ir catalysts and limited bifunctional data will be presented for Pt, Ir, Ru, Rh, and Na(x)Pt3O4 catalysts as well as for electrode structure variations.

Swette, Larry L.; Laconti, Anthony B.; Mccatty, Stephen A.

1993-01-01

44

Giant Prostatic Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

A giant prostatic hyperplasia (GPH) weighing more than 700 g is a rare entity. It is believed that only eight such cases have been previously reported in the medical literature. This case report concerns a patient with a GPH weighing 740 g which was successfully removed by suprapubic prostatectomy. To our knowledge, this is the fourth largest benign prostatic enlargement ever reported in the literature.

Maliakal, Joseph; Mousa, Emad E.; Menon, Varna

2014-01-01

45

The Pharmacology of Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Regenerative medicine is a rapidly evolving multidisciplinary, translational research enterprise whose explicit purpose is to advance technologies for the repair and replacement of damaged cells, tissues, and organs. Scientific progress in the field has been steady and expectations for its robust clinical application continue to rise. The major thesis of this review is that the pharmacological sciences will contribute critically to the accelerated translational progress and clinical utility of regenerative medicine technologies. In 2007, we coined the phrase “regenerative pharmacology” to describe the enormous possibilities that could occur at the interface between pharmacology, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering. The operational definition of regenerative pharmacology is “the application of pharmacological sciences to accelerate, optimize, and characterize (either in vitro or in vivo) the development, maturation, and function of bioengineered and regenerating tissues.” As such, regenerative pharmacology seeks to cure disease through restoration of tissue/organ function. This strategy is distinct from standard pharmacotherapy, which is often limited to the amelioration of symptoms. Our goal here is to get pharmacologists more involved in this field of research by exposing them to the tools, opportunities, challenges, and interdisciplinary expertise that will be required to ensure awareness and galvanize involvement. To this end, we illustrate ways in which the pharmacological sciences can drive future innovations in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering and thus help to revolutionize the discovery of curative therapeutics. Hopefully, the broad foundational knowledge provided herein will spark sustained conversations among experts in diverse fields of scientific research to the benefit of all.

Saul, Justin M.; Furth, Mark E.; Andersson, Karl-Erik

2013-01-01

46

The pharmacology of regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Regenerative medicine is a rapidly evolving multidisciplinary, translational research enterprise whose explicit purpose is to advance technologies for the repair and replacement of damaged cells, tissues, and organs. Scientific progress in the field has been steady and expectations for its robust clinical application continue to rise. The major thesis of this review is that the pharmacological sciences will contribute critically to the accelerated translational progress and clinical utility of regenerative medicine technologies. In 2007, we coined the phrase "regenerative pharmacology" to describe the enormous possibilities that could occur at the interface between pharmacology, regenerative medicine, and tissue engineering. The operational definition of regenerative pharmacology is "the application of pharmacological sciences to accelerate, optimize, and characterize (either in vitro or in vivo) the development, maturation, and function of bioengineered and regenerating tissues." As such, regenerative pharmacology seeks to cure disease through restoration of tissue/organ function. This strategy is distinct from standard pharmacotherapy, which is often limited to the amelioration of symptoms. Our goal here is to get pharmacologists more involved in this field of research by exposing them to the tools, opportunities, challenges, and interdisciplinary expertise that will be required to ensure awareness and galvanize involvement. To this end, we illustrate ways in which the pharmacological sciences can drive future innovations in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering and thus help to revolutionize the discovery of curative therapeutics. Hopefully, the broad foundational knowledge provided herein will spark sustained conversations among experts in diverse fields of scientific research to the benefit of all. PMID:23818131

Christ, George J; Saul, Justin M; Furth, Mark E; Andersson, Karl-Erik

2013-07-01

47

Treating congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Genettreating congenital adrenal hyperplasia.ic alterations associated with rare endocrine diseases disrupt the body's normal chemical communication system. Faulty genes can affect any part of the hormone pathway by altering the way the body recognises a hormone, or how a hormone acts on a target organ. One example is congenital adrenal hyperplasia. CAH results from an inherited alteration in a gene that blocks an essential enzyme (usually 21-hydroxylase) in the adrenal hormone pathway. Synthesis of cortisol (the "stress" hormone) and aldosterone, which regulates the blood pressure through sodium, potassium and fluid balance, is impaired or absent. The adrenal glands enlarge as they work harder to correct the imbalance, resulting in the overproduction of androgens (male hormones); the more severe the enzyme block, the greater the male hormone production. In 95% of people with CAH, it is due to an alteration in the 21-hydroxylase gene, which is recessively inherited (Perrin et al, 2000). One in 55 people is a carrier for CAH (Baumgartner-Parzer et al, 2005). PMID:24568018

Stewart, Sue

48

Endometrial Carcinoma Associated with Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship of endometrial hyperplasia to endometrial carcinoma. From 1979 through 1990, 115 cases of stage I–IV endometrial carcinomas treated initially by hysterectomy were reviewed histologically. Forty-two of 115 (36.5%) patients had hyperplasia in the endometrium adjacent to the carcinoma. Women with both endometrial carcinoma and hyperplasia were significantly younger than those

Tsunehisa Kaku; Naoki Tsukamoto; Tooru Hachisuga; Nobuhiro Tsuruchi; Kunihiro Sakai; Toshio Hirakawa; Satoshi Amada; Toshiaki Saito; Toshiharu Kamura; Hitoo Nakano

1996-01-01

49

Thermoacoustic simulator for regenerative machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linear thermoacoustic theory is a powerful tool to understand the working mechanism of many regenerative machines. Based on the theory, the authors have developed a computer code ``Thermoacoustic Simulator'' for analyzing and designing different regenerative cryocoolers including String refrigerators, Stirling and G-M types of pulse tube refrigerators and G-M cryocoolers. Also, standing-wave and traveling-wave thermoacoustic machines can be simulated, too.

E. Luo; J. Wu; J. Yang; J. Xiao

2002-01-01

50

Carbon Nanotubes in Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter focuses on the latest developments in applications of carbonnanotubes (CNTs) for regenerative medicine. Regenerative\\u000a Medicine focuses on technologies to create functional tissues to repair or replace tissues or organs lost due to trauma or\\u000a disease. Carbon nonotubes (CNTs) have been under investigation in the past decade for an array of applications due to their\\u000a unique and versatile properties.

Bhavna S. Paratala; Balaji Sitharaman

51

Nonclassic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) due to P450c21 (21-hydroxylase deficiency) is a common autosomal recessive disorder. This disorder is due to mutations in the CYP21A2 gene which is located at chromosome 6p21. The clinical features predominantly reflect androgen excess rather than adrenal insufficiency leading to an ascertainment bias favoring diagnosis in females. Treatment goals include normal linear growth velocity and “on-time” puberty in affected children. For adolescent and adult women, treatment goals include regularization of menses, prevention of progression of hirsutism, and fertility. This paper will review key aspects regarding pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of NCAH.

Witchel, Selma Feldman; Azziz, Ricardo

2010-01-01

52

Endometrial Hyperplasia in Young Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Findings in a long-term follow-up study of 97 young women with endometrial hyperplasia are presented. In 24 patients (25%), the endometrial hyperplasia was associated with sclerocystic ovaries consistent with the so-called Stein-Leventhal syndrome. Fertil...

D. L. Chamlian H. B. Taylor

1970-01-01

53

Regenerative strategies for craniofacial disorders.  

PubMed

Craniofacial disorders present markedly complicated problems in reconstruction because of the complex interactions of the multiple, simultaneously affected tissues. Regenerative medicine holds promise for new strategies to improve treatment of these disorders. This review addresses current areas of unmet need in craniofacial reconstruction and emphasizes how craniofacial tissues differ from their analogs elsewhere in the body. We present a problem-based approach to illustrate current treatment strategies for various craniofacial disorders, to highlight areas of need, and to suggest regenerative strategies for craniofacial bone, fat, muscle, nerve, and skin. For some tissues, current approaches offer excellent reconstructive solutions using autologous tissue or prosthetic materials. Thus, new "regenerative" approaches would need to offer major advantages in order to be adopted. In other tissues, the unmet need is great, and we suggest the greatest regenerative need is for muscle, skin, and nerve. The advent of composite facial tissue transplantation and the development of regenerative medicine are each likely to add important new paradigms to our treatment of craniofacial disorders. PMID:23248598

Garland, Catharine B; Pomerantz, Jason H

2012-01-01

54

Regenerative Strategies for Craniofacial Disorders  

PubMed Central

Craniofacial disorders present markedly complicated problems in reconstruction because of the complex interactions of the multiple, simultaneously affected tissues. Regenerative medicine holds promise for new strategies to improve treatment of these disorders. This review addresses current areas of unmet need in craniofacial reconstruction and emphasizes how craniofacial tissues differ from their analogs elsewhere in the body. We present a problem-based approach to illustrate current treatment strategies for various craniofacial disorders, to highlight areas of need, and to suggest regenerative strategies for craniofacial bone, fat, muscle, nerve, and skin. For some tissues, current approaches offer excellent reconstructive solutions using autologous tissue or prosthetic materials. Thus, new “regenerative” approaches would need to offer major advantages in order to be adopted. In other tissues, the unmet need is great, and we suggest the greatest regenerative need is for muscle, skin, and nerve. The advent of composite facial tissue transplantation and the development of regenerative medicine are each likely to add important new paradigms to our treatment of craniofacial disorders.

Garland, Catharine B.; Pomerantz, Jason H.

2012-01-01

55

Thermoacoustic simulator for regenerative machines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Linear thermoacoustic theory is a powerful tool to understand the working mechanism of many regenerative machines. Based on the theory, the authors have developed a computer code ``Thermoacoustic Simulator'' for analyzing and designing different regenerative cryocoolers including String refrigerators, Stirling and G-M types of pulse tube refrigerators and G-M cryocoolers. Also, standing-wave and traveling-wave thermoacoustic machines can be simulated, too. This paper will present the philosophy of the ``Thermoacoustic Simulator'' and some demonstrations of simulation for different types of cryocoolers and thermoacoustic engines. .

Luo, E.; Wu, J.; Yang, J.; Xiao, J.

2002-05-01

56

Laser system using regenerative amplifier  

DOEpatents

High energy laser system is disclosed using a regenerative amplifier, which relaxes all constraints on laser components other than the intrinsic damage level of matter, so as to enable use of available laser system components. This can be accomplished by use of segmented components, spatial filters, at least one amplifier using solid state or gaseous media, and separated reflector members providing a long round trip time through the regenerative cavity, thereby allowing slower switching and adequate time to clear the spatial filters, etc. The laser system simplifies component requirements and reduces component cost while providing high energy output. 10 figs.

Emmett, J.L.

1980-03-04

57

Regeneratively Cooled Porous Media Jacket  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fluid and heat transfer theory for regenerative cooling of a rocket combustion chamber with a porous media coolant jacket is presented. This model is used to design a regeneratively cooled rocket or other high temperature engine cooling jacket. Cooling jackets comprising impermeable inner and outer walls, and porous media channels are disclosed. Also disclosed are porous media coolant jackets with additional structures designed to transfer heat directly from the inner wall to the outer wall, and structures designed to direct movement of the coolant fluid from the inner wall to the outer wall. Methods of making such jackets are also disclosed.

Mungas, Greg (Inventor); Fisher, David J. (Inventor); London, Adam Pollok (Inventor); Fryer, Jack Merrill (Inventor)

2013-01-01

58

Countable State Average Cost Regenerative Stopping Problems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Regenerative stopping problems are stopping problems which recommence from the initial state upon stopping. An algorithm is presented which solves a semi-Markov regenerative stopping problem with a finite number of continue actions by solving a sequence o...

B. L. Miller

1979-01-01

59

Prostate: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)  

MedlinePLUS

... prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? As a man ages, his prostate gland commonly becomes enlarged. This condition is known ... especially at night. This condition develops as the prostate enlarges and presses against the urethra, causing it ...

60

[Pseudotumoral hyperplasia of Brunner's glands].  

PubMed

Hyperplasia of Brünner's glands is a dysembryoplastic or hyperplasic lesion with an elective location of the proximal duodenum. Symptoms are often non-specific but severe manifestations can occur (haemorrhage, duodenal obstruction). Two cases of hyperplasia of Brünner's glands were reported due to their particularly large size and a misguiding clinical appearance. Difficulties in diagnosis due to this rare benign entity were discussed. PMID:8143953

Maurel, J; Diallo, G; Ongot, M C; Verwaerde, J C; Mandard, J C; Segol, P; Gignoux, M

1993-01-01

61

Mathematical modeling of regenerative processes.  

PubMed

In many animals, regenerative processes can replace lost body parts. Organ and tissue regeneration consequently also hold great medical promise. The regulation of regenerative processes is achieved through concerted actions of multiple organizational levels of the organism, from diffusing molecules and cellular gene expression patterns up to tissue mechanics. Our intuition is usually not adapted well to this degree of complexity and the quantitative aspects of the regulation of regenerative processes remain poorly understood. One way out of this dilemma lies in the combination of experimentation and mathematical modeling within an iterative process of model development/refinement, model predictions for novel experimental conditions, quantitative experiments testing these predictions, and subsequent model refinement. This interdisciplinary approach has already provided key insights into smaller scale processes during embryonic development and a so-far limited number of more complex regeneration processes. This review discusses selected theoretical and interdisciplinary studies and is structured along the three phases of regeneration: (1) initiation of a regeneration response, (2) tissue patterning during regenerate growth, (3) arresting the regeneration response. Moreover, we highlight the opportunities provided by extensions of mathematical models from developmental processes toward the study of related regenerative processes. PMID:24512713

Chara, Osvaldo; Tanaka, Elly M; Brusch, Lutz

2014-01-01

62

Regenerative Amplication at 28 Microns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Resonant regenerative amplification of a CW signal at 28 micrometers in the pulsed H2O laser was obtained. The results indicate that pulse-to-pulse coherence in frequency is achieved at a power gain of about 10,000. The experiments show that the polarizat...

J. P. Pichamuthu P. D. Coleman

1970-01-01

63

Advanced Regenerative Heat Recovery System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An advanced regenerative heat recovery system has been designed and fabricated to deliver 1500 scfm preheated air to a maximum temperature of 1600F. Since this system is operating at 2000F, the internal parts have been designed to be fabricated with ceram...

A. Prasad J. K. Jasti

1982-01-01

64

Electrospun Nanofibers for Regenerative Medicine**  

PubMed Central

This article reviews recent progress in applying electrospun nanofibers to the emerging field of regenerative medicine. We begin with a brief introduction to electrospinning and nanofibers, with a focus on issues related to the selection of materials, incorporation of bioactive molecules, degradation characteristics, control of mechanical properties, and facilitation of cell infiltration. We then discuss a number of approaches to fabrication of scaffolds from electrospun nanofibers, including techniques for controlling the alignment of nanofibers and for producing scaffolds with complex architectures. We also highlight applications of the nanofiber-based scaffolds in four areas of regenerative medicine that involve nerves, dural tissues, tendons, and the tendon-to-bone insertion site. We conclude this review with perspectives on challenges and future directions for design, fabrication, and utilization of scaffolds based on electrospun nanofibers.

Liu, Wenying; Thomopoulos, Stavros

2013-01-01

65

Nanotechnology Biomimetic Cartilage Regenerative Scaffolds  

PubMed Central

Cartilage has a limited regenerative capacity. Faced with the clinical challenge of reconstruction of cartilage defects, the field of cartilage engineering has evolved. This article reviews current concepts and strategies in cartilage engineering with an emphasis on the application of nanotechnology in the production of biomimetic cartilage regenerative scaffolds. The structural architecture and composition of the cartilage extracellular matrix and the evolution of tissue engineering concepts and scaffold technology over the last two decades are outlined. Current advances in biomimetic techniques to produce nanoscaled fibrous scaffolds, together with innovative methods to improve scaffold biofunctionality with bioactive cues are highlighted. To date, the majority of research into cartilage regeneration has been focused on articular cartilage due to the high prevalence of large joint osteoarthritis in an increasingly aging population. Nevertheless, the principles and advances are applicable to cartilage engineering for plastic and reconstructive surgery.

Sardinha, Jose Paulo; Myers, Simon

2014-01-01

66

Nanotechnology biomimetic cartilage regenerative scaffolds.  

PubMed

Cartilage has a limited regenerative capacity. Faced with the clinical challenge of reconstruction of cartilage defects, the field of cartilage engineering has evolved. This article reviews current concepts and strategies in cartilage engineering with an emphasis on the application of nanotechnology in the production of biomimetic cartilage regenerative scaffolds. The structural architecture and composition of the cartilage extracellular matrix and the evolution of tissue engineering concepts and scaffold technology over the last two decades are outlined. Current advances in biomimetic techniques to produce nanoscaled fibrous scaffolds, together with innovative methods to improve scaffold biofunctionality with bioactive cues are highlighted. To date, the majority of research into cartilage regeneration has been focused on articular cartilage due to the high prevalence of large joint osteoarthritis in an increasingly aging population. Nevertheless, the principles and advances are applicable to cartilage engineering for plastic and reconstructive surgery. PMID:24883273

Lim, Erh-Hsuin; Sardinha, Jose Paulo; Myers, Simon

2014-05-01

67

Intimal hyperplasia: slow but deadly.  

PubMed

Intimal hyperplasia is the leading cause of long-term failure in coronary artery bypass vein grafting, coronary artery stenting, angioplasty, arteriovenous fistula for dialysis, and allograft transplantation. Intimal hyperplasia is a product of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration through the internal elastic lamina, and deposition of extracellular matrix proteins driven by growth factors in the vasculature. This vascular pathology results in a progressive diminution of the vessel lumen and serves as a site for thrombosis and atherosclerotic lesions. A key cell type in the initiation of intimal hyperplasia is the vascular endothelial cell, which appears to have down-stream effects on the vascular smooth muscle proliferation and migration. Currently, the only means available for prevention of intimal hyperplasia is through inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) with the immunosuppressant rapamycin. mTOR integrates up-stream signals from growth factors such as IL-2 and senses the cellular nutrient and energy levels and redox status. This presentation will discuss the potential means of preserving the vascular endothelial cell and, thereby, reducing the development of intimal hyperplasia in our open-heart surgical patients. PMID:22751382

Mills, B; Robb, T; Larson, D F

2012-11-01

68

Pharmacotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia.  

PubMed Central

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a benign neoplasm of the prostate seen in men of advancing age. Microscopic evidence of the disorder is seen in about 70% of men by 70 years of age, whereas symptoms requiring some form of surgical intervention occur in 30% of men during their lifetime. Although the exact cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not clear, it is well recognized that high levels of intraprostatic androgens are required for the maintenance of prostatic growth. In recent years, extensive surveys of patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate reveal an 18% incidence of morbidity that has essentially not changed in the past 30 years. This procedure is also the second highest reimbursed surgical therapy under Medicare. These findings have resulted in an intensive search for alternative therapies for prostatic hyperplasia. An alternative that has now been well defined is the use of alpha-adrenergic blockers to relax the prostatic urethra. This is based on findings that a major component of benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms is spasm of the prostatic urethra and bladder neck, which is mediated by the alpha-adrenergic nerves. A second approach is to block androgens involved in maintaining prostate growth. Several such drugs are now available for clinical use, and we discuss their side effects and use. We also include the newer recommendations on evaluating benign prostatic hyperplasia that are cost-effective yet comprehensive. Images

Narayan, P; Indudhara, R

1994-01-01

69

Outcomes of regenerative endodontic procedures.  

PubMed

The use of regenerative endodontic techniques holds great promise for the treatment of immature teeth with necrotic pulp tissue. Several published case reports and case series have demonstrated radiographic evidence of apical bone healing, increases in root length, and root wall thickness. Although histologic changes have been demonstrated in animal models, histology in human teeth is lacking. A summary of these outcomes is discussed in this article. PMID:22835542

Law, Alan S

2012-07-01

70

Bioreactor Systems in Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, the functions and potential applicability of bioreactors from a technical, scientific and clinical perspective\\u000a will be reviewed in the context of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In particular, examples will be given to\\u000a illustrate the role of bioreactors in (a) establishing and maintaining 3D cell cultures, (b) standardizing physicochemical\\u000a culture parameters, (c) physically conditioning engineered grafts, (d)

Ivan Martin; Stefania A. Riboldi; David Wendt

71

Regenerative Wound Healing via Biomaterials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regenerative tissue engineering has the potential to revolutionize reconstructive approaches by providing either prefabricated\\u000a tissue or responsive biomaterials with patient-specific geometry. The question to ask is how regeneration and repair are controlled\\u000a in vivo and if a responsive biomaterial system can drive these processes? Does the cellular control lie at the cell-biomaterial nano-interface\\u000a and do we have the tools to

Anshu B. Mathur

72

Regenerative endodontics: regeneration or repair?  

PubMed

Recent advances in biotechnology and translational research have made it possible to provide treatment modalities that protect the vital pulp, allow manipulation of reactionary and reparative dentinogenesis, and, more recently, permit revascularization of an infected root canal space. These approaches are referred to as regenerative procedures. The method currently used to determine the origin of the tissue secreted during the repair/regeneration process is largely based on the identification of cellular markers (usually proteins) left by cells that were responsible for this tissue production. The presence of these proteins in conjunction with other indicators of cellular behavior (especially biomineralization) and analysis of the structure of the newly generated tissue allow conclusions to be made of how it was formed. Thus far, it has not been possible to truly establish the biological mechanism controlling tertiary dentinogenesis. This article considers current therapeutic techniques to treat the dentin-pulp complex and contextualize them in terms of reparative and regenerative processes. Although it may be considered a semantic argument rather than a biological one, the definitions of regeneration and repair are explored to clarify our position in this era of regenerative endodontics. PMID:24698698

Simon, Stéphane R J; Tomson, Phillip L; Berdal, Ariane

2014-04-01

73

Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)  

MedlinePLUS

... Topics and Titles : Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia On this page: The ... Needed? Hope through Research Additional Reading Glossary The Prostate Gland The prostate is a walnut-sized gland ...

74

Thymic hyperplasia in Graves' disease.  

PubMed

Graves' disease is an autoimmune thyroid condition characterized by the production of autoantibodies against the thyrotropin receptor. It is known to be associated with autoimmune conditions such as myasthenia gravis, Addison's disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and vitiligo. We present a case of rare autoimmune association of Graves' disease with thymic hyperplasia which regressed after treatment with antithyroid drugs. Exact pathophysiology of thymic hyperplasia in Graves' is not well understood; it is likely to be the result of rather than the cause of Graves' disease. PMID:23869315

Kotwal, Narendra; Singh, Yashpal; Menon, Anil; Behera, Vineet

2013-05-01

75

Thymic hyperplasia in Graves' disease  

PubMed Central

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune thyroid condition characterized by the production of autoantibodies against the thyrotropin receptor. It is known to be associated with autoimmune conditions such as myasthenia gravis, Addison's disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and vitiligo. We present a case of rare autoimmune association of Graves’ disease with thymic hyperplasia which regressed after treatment with antithyroid drugs. Exact pathophysiology of thymic hyperplasia in Graves’ is not well understood; it is likely to be the result of rather than the cause of Graves’ disease.

Kotwal, Narendra; Singh, Yashpal; Menon, Anil; Behera, Vineet

2013-01-01

76

Focal epithelial hyperplasia: Case report.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present article is to present a 15 year-old patient with focal epithelial hyperplasia and to review the references on the subject-related etiological, pathological, diagnostic and treatment aspects. Focal epithelial hyperplasia is a rare human papilloma virus (HPV) related to oral lesion with very low frequency within our population. Surgical treatment with a biopsy was performed, acanthosis and parakeratosis are consistent histopathological features, since the patient had no history of sexual contact and HIV infection, the virus was probably acquired from environmental sources. PMID:22071419

Puriene, Alina; Rimkevicius, Arunas; Gaigalas, Mindaugas

2011-01-01

77

Advanced regenerative absorption refrigeration cycles  

DOEpatents

Multi-effect regenerative absorption cycles which provide a high coefficient of performance (COP) at relatively high input temperatures. An absorber-coupled double-effect regenerative cycle (ADR cycle) (10) is provided having a single-effect absorption cycle (SEA cycle) (11) as a topping subcycle and a single-effect regenerative absorption cycle (1R cycle) (12) as a bottoming subcycle. The SEA cycle (11) includes a boiler (13), a condenser (21), an expansion device (28), an evaporator (31), and an absorber (40), all operatively connected together. The 1R cycle (12) includes a multistage boiler (48), a multi-stage resorber (51), a multisection regenerator (49) and also uses the condenser (21), expansion device (28) and evaporator (31) of the SEA topping subcycle (11), all operatively connected together. External heat is applied to the SEA boiler (13) for operation up to about 500 degrees F., with most of the high pressure vapor going to the condenser (21) and evaporator (31) being generated by the regenerator (49). The substantially adiabatic and isothermal functioning of the SER subcycle (12) provides a high COP. For higher input temperatures of up to 700 degrees F., another SEA cycle (111) is used as a topping subcycle, with the absorber (140) of the topping subcycle being heat coupled to the boiler (13) of an ADR cycle (10). The 1R cycle (12) itself is an improvement in that all resorber stages (50b-f) have a portion of their output pumped to boiling conduits (71a-f) through the regenerator (49), which conduits are connected to and at the same pressure as the highest pressure stage (48a) of the 1R multistage boiler (48).

Dao, Kim (14 Nace Ave., Piedmont, CA 94611) [14 Nace Ave., Piedmont, CA 94611

1990-01-01

78

Regenerative superheated steam turbine cycles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PRESTO computer program was developed to analyze performance of wide range of steam turbine cycles with special attention given to regenerative superheated steam turbine cycles. It can be used to model standard turbine cycles, including such features as process steam extraction, induction and feedwater heating by external sources, peaking, and high back pressure. Expansion line efficiencies, exhaust loss, leakages, mechanical losses, and generator losses are used to calculate cycle heat rate and generator output. Program provides power engineer with flexible aid for design and analysis of steam turbine systems.

Fuller, L. C.; Stovall, T. K.

1980-01-01

79

Heat regenerative external combustion engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A heat regenerative external combustion engine is disclosed. The engine includes fuel inlet means which extends along the exhaust passage and/or combustion chamber in order to preheat the fuel, To provide for preheating by gases in both the combustion chamber and the exhaust passage, the combustion chamber is arranged annularly around the drive shaft and between the cylinders. This configuration also is advantageous in that it reduces the noise of combustion. The engine of the invention is particularly well-suited for use in a torpedo.

Duva, Anthony W.

1993-10-01

80

Regenerative therapy for cardiovascular disease.  

PubMed

Recent insights into myocardial biology uncovered a hereto unknown regenerative capacity of the adult heart. The discovery of dividing cardiomyocytes and the identification and characterization of cardiac stem and progenitor cells with myogenic and angiogenic potential have generated new hopes that cardiac regeneration and repair might become a therapeutic option. During the past decade, multiple candidate cells have been proposed for cardiac regeneration, and their mechanisms of action in the myocardium have been explored. Initial clinical trials have focused on the use of bone marrow-derived cells to promote myocardial regeneration in ischemic heart disease and have yielded very mixed results, with no clear signs of clinically meaningful functional improvement. Although the efficiency of bona fide cardiomyocyte generation is generally low, stem cells delivered into the myocardium act mainly via paracrine mechanisms. More recent studies taking advantage of cardiac committed cells (eg, resident cardiac progenitor cells or primed cardiogenic mesenchymal stem cells) showed promising results in first clinical pilot trials. Also, transplantation of cardiomyogenic cells generated by induced pluripotent stem cells and genetic reprogramming of dividing nonmyocytes into cardiomyocytes may constitute attractive new regenerative approaches in cardiovascular medicine in the future. We discuss advantages and limitations of specific cell types proposed for cell-based therapy in cardiology and give an overview of the first clinical trials using this novel therapeutic approach in patients with cardiovascular disease. PMID:24378637

Pfister, Otmar; Della Verde, Giacomo; Liao, Ronglih; Kuster, Gabriela M

2014-04-01

81

[Evalution of benign prostatic hyperplasia].  

PubMed

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a disorder of aging men and according to reasons for consultation its incidence is continually increasing in parallel with the constant increase in life expectancy. Recommendations about its management have been made by numerous national and international, scientific authorities and those responsible for public health. However, despite a rationale based on regularly published data, there are many disparities between them and they are only partially followed up in routine practice. The purpose of a working group during the "2nd Interfaces in Urology" was to make a new assessment on this disorder with regard to the most recent data and existing recommendations, in order to offer clinicians a clearer attitude for the prescription of the initial evaluation of benign prostatic hyperplasia. PMID:16425735

Desgrandchamps, François

2005-11-01

82

Spectroscopy of the regenerative soot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mechanisms and processes of the formation of the regenerative soot in a graphite hollow cathode discharge that produces and emits carbon clusters are presented. Mass spectrometry with a specially designed E× B velocity filter analyzes the entire range of the charged clusters from C1 to {sim} C_{4300}. The state of the carbon vapour within the source is evaluated by using the characteristic line emissions from the carbonaceous discharge whose formative mechanisms depend upon the kinetic and potential sputtering of the sooted cathode. The carbonaceous discharge generates atomic and ionic C and its clusters Cm (mgeq 2), noble gas metastable atoms and ions, energetic electrons and photons in the cavity of the graphite hollow cathode. The parameters of soot formation and its recycling depend critically on the discharge parameters, the geometry of the hollow cathode and 3D profile of the cusp magnetic field contours.

Ahmad, Shoaib

2002-03-01

83

Unitized regenerative fuel cell system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell system uses heat pipes to convey waste heat from the fuel cell stack to the reactant storage tanks. The storage tanks act as heat sinks/sources and as passive radiators of the waste heat from the fuel cell stack. During charge up, i.e., the electrolytic process, gases are conveyed to the reactant storage tanks by way of tubes that include dryers. Reactant gases moving through the dryers give up energy to the cold tanks, causing water vapor in with the gases to condense and freeze on the internal surfaces of the dryer. During operation in its fuel cell mode, the heat pipes convey waste heat from the fuel cell stack to the respective reactant storage tanks, thereby heating them such that the reactant gases, as they pass though the respective dryers on their way to the fuel cell stacks retrieve the water previously removed.

Burke, Kenneth A. (Inventor)

2008-01-01

84

Regenerative Therapies for Diabetic Microangiopathy  

PubMed Central

Hyperglycaemia occurring in diabetes is responsible for accelerated arterial remodeling and atherosclerosis, affecting the macro- and the microcirculatory system. Vessel injury is mainly related to deregulation of glucose homeostasis and insulin/insulin-precursors production, generation of advanced glycation end-products, reduction in nitric oxide synthesis, and oxidative and reductive stress. It occurs both at extracellular level with increased calcium and matrix proteins deposition and at intracellular level, with abnormalities of intracellular pathways and increased cell death. Peripheral arterial disease, coronary heart disease, and ischemic stroke are the main causes of morbidity/mortality in diabetic patients representing a major clinical and economic issue. Pharmacological therapies, administration of growth factors, and stem cellular strategies are the most effective approaches and will be discussed in depth in this comprehensive review covering the regenerative therapies of diabetic microangiopathy.

Bassi, Roberto; Trevisani, Alessio; Tezza, Sara; Ben Nasr, Moufida; Gatti, Francesca; Vergani, Andrea; Farina, Antonio; Fiorina, Paolo

2012-01-01

85

Medical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Pharmaceutical preparations are commonly used for benign prostate hyperplasia. This article reviews the current understanding of the natural history of the condition and the literature regarding medical treatment.

Connolly, Stephen S; Fitzpatrick, John M

2007-01-01

86

BPH: Minimally Invasive Management (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Enlarged Prostate)  

MedlinePLUS

... sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. BPH: Minimally Invasive Management (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Enlarged Prostate) Throughout a man's ... BPH: Diagnosis (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Enlarged Prostate) BPH: Management (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/Enlarged Prostate) BPH: Medical Management ( ...

87

Sources of Stem Cells for Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shortage of organ donors for regenerative medicine has stimulated research on stem cells as a potential resource for cell-based\\u000a therapy. Stem cells have been used widely for regenerative medicine applications. The development of innovative methods to\\u000a generate stem cells from different sources suggests that there may be new alternatives for cell-based therapies. Here, we\\u000a provide an overview of human

Jennifer Hipp; Anthony Atala

2008-01-01

88

High power regenerative laser amplifier  

DOEpatents

A regenerative amplifier design capable of operating at high energy per pulse, for instance, from 20-100 Joules, at moderate repetition rates, for instance from 5-20 Hertz is provided. The laser amplifier comprises a gain medium and source of pump energy coupled with the gain medium; a Pockels cell, which rotates an incident beam in response to application of a control signal; an optical relay system defining a first relay plane near the gain medium and a second relay plane near the rotator; and a plurality of reflectors configured to define an optical path through the gain medium, optical relay and Pockels cell, such that each transit of the optical path includes at least one pass through the gain medium and only one pass through the Pockels cell. An input coupler, and an output coupler are provided, implemented by a single polarizer. A control circuit coupled to the Pockels cell generates the control signal in timed relationship with the input pulse so that the input pulse is captured by the input coupler and proceeds through at least one transit of the optical path, and then the control signal is applied to cause rotation of the pulse to a polarization reflected by the polarizer, after which the captured pulse passes through the gain medium at least once more and is reflected out of the optical path by the polarizer before passing through the rotator again to provide an amplified pulse. 7 figures.

Miller, J.L.; Hackel, L.A.; Dane, C.B.; Zapata, L.E.

1994-02-08

89

High power regenerative laser amplifier  

DOEpatents

A regenerative amplifier design capable of operating at high energy per pulse, for instance, from 20-100 Joules, at moderate repetition rates, for instance from 5-20 Hertz is provided. The laser amplifier comprises a gain medium and source of pump energy coupled with the gain medium; a Pockels cell, which rotates an incident beam in response to application of a control signal; an optical relay system defining a first relay plane near the gain medium and a second relay plane near the rotator; and a plurality of reflectors configured to define an optical path through the gain medium, optical relay and Pockels cell, such that each transit of the optical path includes at least one pass through the gain medium and only one pass through the Pockels cell. An input coupler, and an output coupler are provided, implemented by a single polarizer. A control circuit coupled to the Pockels cell generates the control signal in timed relationship with the input pulse so that the input pulse is captured by the input coupler and proceeds through at least one transit of the optical path, and then the control signal is applied to cause rotation of the pulse to a polarization reflected by the polarizer, after which the captured pulse passes through the gain medium at least once more and is reflected out of the optical path by the polarizer before passing through the rotator again to provide an amplified pulse.

Miller, John L. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA; Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA; Dane, Clifford B. (Dublin, CA) [Dublin, CA; Zapata, Luis E. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA

1994-01-01

90

Staged regenerative sorption heat pump  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A regenerative adsorbent heat pump process and system for cooling and heating a space. A sorbent is confined in a plurality of compressors of which at least four are first stage and at least four are second stage. The first stage operates over a first pressure region and the second stage over a second pressure region which is higher than the first. Sorbate from the first stage enters the second stage. The sorbate loop includes a condenser, expansion valve, evaporator and the compressors. A single sorbate loop can be employed for single-temperature-control such as air conditioning and heating. Two sorbate loops can be used for two-temperature-control as in a refrigerator and freezer. The evaporator temperatures control the freezer and refrigerator temperatures. Alternatively the refrigerator temperature can be cooled by the freezer with one sorbate loop. A heat transfer fluid is circulated in a closed loop which includes a radiator and the compressors. Low temperature heat is exhausted by the radiator. High temperature heat is added to the heat transfer fluid entering the compressors which are desorbing vapor. Heat is transferred from compressors which are sorbing vapor to the heat transfer fluid, and from the heat transfer fluid to the compressors which are desorbing vapor. Each compressor is subjected to the following phases, heating to its highest temperature, cooling down from its highest temperature, cooling to its lowest temperature, and warming up from its lowest temperature. The phases are repeated to complete a cycle and regenerate heat.

Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

1995-01-01

91

Regenerative fuel cell engineering - FY99  

SciTech Connect

The authors report the work conducted by the ESA-EPE Fuel Cell Engineering Team at Los Alamos National Laboratory during FY99 on regenerative fuel cell system engineering. The work was focused on the evaluation of regenerative fuel cell system components obtained through the RAFCO program. These components included a 5 kW PEM electrolyzer, a two-cell regenerative fuel cell stack, and samples of the electrolyzer membrane, anode, and cathode. The samples of the electrolyzer membrane, anode, and cathode were analyzed to determine their structure and operating characteristics. Tests were conducted on the two-cell regenerative fuel cell stack to characterize its operation as an electrolyzer and as a fuel cell. The 5 kW PEM electrolyzer was tested in the Regenerative Fuel Cell System Test Facility. These tests served to characterize the operation of the electrolyzer and, also, to verify the operation of the newly completed test facility. Future directions for this work in regenerative fuel cell systems are discussed.

Michael A. Inbody; Rodney L. Borup; James C. Hedstrom; Jose Tafoya; Byron Morton; Lois Zook; Nicholas E. Vanderborgh

2000-01-01

92

Oral verrucous hyperplasia: a case report.  

PubMed

Oral verrucous hyperplasia is a whitish or pinkinsh elevated pre malignant lesion which occurs rarely. Its is also considered to be an early form of verrucous carcinoma. We have reported a case of verrucous hyperplasia which was diagnosed and treated with buccal fat pad as graft. PMID:25018612

Navaneetham, Anuradha; Dayanand Saraswathi, M C; Santosh, B S

2014-09-01

93

Morphologic hysteroscopic criteria suggestive of endometrial hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To evaluate the morphologic hysteroscopic criteria leading to a diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia and compare their accuracy with that of histology. Methods: A total of 95 hysteroscopic examinations were evaluated. Of these, 37 had a histologic diagnosis of normal endometrium and the remaining 58 of simple or complex endometrial hyperplasia. We compared the morphologic hysteroscopic criteria for the two

L. H Uno; O Sugimoto; F. M Carvalho; V. R Bagnoli; A. M Fonseca; J. A Pinotti

1995-01-01

94

Basal Cell Hyperplasia in the Peripheral Zone of the Prostate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basal cell hyperplasia in the prostate is often viewed as a transition zone proliferation, related to usual, nodular glandular, and stromal hyperplasia. Basal cell hyperplasia in the prostatic peripheral zone, the most common site for development of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and carcinoma, has not been previously characterized. We characterized the incidence and histomorphological attributes of basal cell hyperplasia in a

Phataraporn Thorson; Paul E. Swanson; Robin T. Vollmer; Peter A. Humphrey

2003-01-01

95

Cutaneous vascular proliferations. Part II. Hyperplasias and benign neoplasms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This second part of our review about vascular proliferations summarizes the clinicopathologic features of the cutaneous vascular hyperplasias and benign neoplasms. Hyperplasias comprise a heterogeneous group of vascular proliferations that eventually show a tendency to regression. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is included within the group of hyperplasias because of its historical denomination and its reactive nature, probably as a consequence

Luis Requena; Omar P. Sangueza

1997-01-01

96

Spontaneously Improving Occipitocondylar Hyperplasia: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

This case report presents a pediatric patient with the extremely rare craniovertebral junction anomaly of occipitocondylar hyperplasia. This 4-year old boy presented with macrocephaly and mild to moderate pontomedullary compression from the unilateral occipitocondylar hyperplasia. Based on the asymptomatic clinical presentation, it was decided to follow the patient with serial magnetic resonance images without surgical intervention. Upon further imaging the occipitocondylar hyperplasia spontaneously resolved. This case report offers watchful waiting as an alternative treatment approach to surgical intervention as was reported in the literature previously. Possible pathophysiologic mechanisms are also briefly explored.

Nagy, Laszlo; Ray, Coby

2014-01-01

97

Regenerative medicine: learning from past examples.  

PubMed

Regenerative medicine products have characteristically shown great therapeutic potential, but limited market success. Learning from the past attempts at capturing value is critical for new and emerging regenerative medicine therapies to define and evolve their business models as new therapies emerge and others mature. We propose a framework that analyzes technological developments along with alternative business models and illustrates how to use both strategically to map value capture by companies in regenerative medicine. We analyze how to balance flexibility of the supply chain and clarity in the regulatory pathway for each business model and propose the possible pathways of evolution between business models. We also drive analogies between cell-based therapies and other healthcare products such as biologicals and medical devices and suggest how to strategically evolve from these areas into the cell therapy space. PMID:22697402

Couto, Daniela S; Perez-Breva, Luis; Cooney, Charles L

2012-11-01

98

Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system  

DOEpatents

A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle, with the braking system being responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.

Venkataperumal, Rama R. (Troy, MI); Mericle, Gerald E. (Mount Clemens, MI)

1981-06-02

99

Functionalized Nanostructures with Application in Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

In the last decade, both regenerative medicine and nanotechnology have been broadly developed leading important advances in biomedical research as well as in clinical practice. The manipulation on the molecular level and the use of several functionalized nanoscaled materials has application in various fields of regenerative medicine including tissue engineering, cell therapy, diagnosis and drug and gene delivery. The themes covered in this review include nanoparticle systems for tracking transplanted stem cells, self-assembling peptides, nanoparticles for gene delivery into stem cells and biomimetic scaffolds useful for 2D and 3D tissue cell cultures, transplantation and clinical application.

Peran, Macarena; Garcia, Maria A.; Lopez-Ruiz, Elena; Bustamante, Milan; Jimenez, Gema; Madeddu, Roberto; Marchal, Juan A.

2012-01-01

100

Improved Regenerative Sorbent-Compressor Refrigerator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conceptual regenerative sorbent-compressor refrigerator attains regeneration efficiency and, therefore, overall power efficiency and performance greater than conventional refrigerators. Includes two fluid loops. In one, CH2FCF3 (R134a) ciculates by physical adsorption and desorption in four activated-charcoal sorption compressors. In other, liquid or gas coolant circulated by pump. Wave of regenerative heating and cooling propagates cyclically like peristatic wave among sorption compressors and associated heat exchangers. Powered by electricity, oil, gas, solar heat, or waste heat. Used as air conditioners, refrigerators, and heat pumps in industrial, home, and automotive applications.

Jones, Jack A.

1992-01-01

101

Collagen scaffolds for orthopedic regenerative medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Collagen and collagen-based scaffolds offer distinct advantages when selected as biomaterials for use across a broad spectrum of regenerative medicine applications. However, relatively poor mechanical properties are often perceived to limit their usefulness for orthopedic applications. These problems can be overcome through enhanced crosslinking mechanisms or through the addition of a second, stiffer phase such as hydroxyapatite, thus allowing tailored composite scaffolds to meet specific tissue requirements. This overview will highlight the current state of the art of these scaffolds, and consider the exciting prospects and future directions of collagen-based technologies for orthopedic regenerative medicine.

Cunniffe, Gráinne M.; O'Brien, Fergal J.

2011-04-01

102

Genetic Markers Associated with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention regards expression profiles of one or more nucleic acids indicative of the presence of, susceptibility to, and/or predicting response to therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in an individual. The present invention identifies...

D. M. Spencer E. Canto J. Levitt K. M. Slawin M. Ittmann

2006-01-01

103

[Pharmacologic treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia].  

PubMed

Medical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia is reviewed by the author. Experiences with herbal extracts have been known for more than 2 decades. Treating benign prostatic hyperplasia with these extracts are recommended in initial phase. Effectiveness of these drugs are approved by some placebo controlled double blind studies. However effectiveness of these are not as good as medical drugs'. It is well known that they have no side effects and are cheaper than medicines. Prostate volume is decreased and mechanical component of dysuria is improved by treating for long time (months, years) with 5 alfa reductase finasterid which contain hormone. This drug is indicated when volume of the prostate is over 40 g. Dynamical component of benign prostatic hyperplasia is treated with a receptor blockers which act on the bladder neck. These medicines effect earlier and are recommended for all benign prostatic hyperplasia patients independently of prostate volume. These might have some side effect like hypotension. PMID:14596018

Romics, Imre

2003-09-14

104

Throid Hyperplasia at Autopsy in Mulago Hospital.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Thyroid hyperplasia was found in 89 per cent of unselected autopsy cases at Mulago Hospital. This reflects a low intake of dietary iodine. The number of tribes involved indicates that this is a widespread problem in Uganda. (Author)

D. H. Connor R. H. Follis

1965-01-01

105

Endometrial Stromal Hyperplasia: An Underrecognized Condition  

PubMed Central

Hyperplasia of the endometrial stroma is a poorly recognized lesion, lacking widespread recognition with most, if not all, such cases sequestrated in the literature as endometrial stromal nodules or low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas. In this paper, we describe three examples of “endometrial stromal hyperplasia” which have a remarkable morphological similarity with the normally proliferating endometrial stroma and the endometrial stromal neoplasms, but which also possess subtle, but sufficient, differences to justify their taxonomic separation.

Koutsougeras, Gerasimos; Giatromanolaki, Alexandra

2013-01-01

106

Regenerative Xylem in Inflorescence Stems of Arabidopsis thaliana  

Microsoft Academic Search

By inserting entomological needles into the lower parts of young inflorescence stems of three-month-old Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh var. Colombia plants, we studied the process of regenerative xylem production. Regenerative xylem was formed only in one- to two-day-old inflorescence stems but not in older ones. The regenerative vessels originated from re-differentiation of cortical parenchyma. To characterize the process of regenerative

Moshe A. Flaishman; Kamelia Loginovsky; Simcha Lev-Yadun

2003-01-01

107

Feasibility investigation of allogeneic endometrial regenerative cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endometrial Regenerative Cells (ERC) are a population of mesenchymal-like stem cells having pluripotent differentiation activity and ability to induce neoangiogenesis. In vitro and animal studies suggest ERC are immune privileged and in certain situations actively suppress ongoing immune responses. In this paper we describe the production of clinical grade ERC and initial safety experiences in 4 patients with multiple sclerosis

Zhaohui Zhong; Amit N. Patel; Thomas E. Ichim; Neil H. Riordan; Hao Wang; Wei-Ping Min; Erik J. Woods; Michael Reid; Eduardo Mansilla; Gustavo H. Marin; Hugo Drago; Michael P. Murphy; Boris Minev

2009-01-01

108

Regenerative fuel cells for space applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

After several years of development of the regenerative fuel cell (RFC) as the electrochemical storage system to be carried by the future space station, the official stance has now been adopted that nickel hydrogen batteries would be a better system choice. RFCs are compared with nickel hydrogen and other battery systems for space platform applications.

Appleby, A. John

1987-01-01

109

Regenerative medicine of the pancreatic ? cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects millions of people. The number of patients suffering from diabetes continues to increase all over the world. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes result from an inadequate mass of functioning ß cells. To achieve the ultimate goal of curing diabetes in the future, the mechanism of the regenerative process of the

Satoko Yamada; Itaru Kojima

2005-01-01

110

An analytical model for regenerative refrigerators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analytical model for regenerative refrigerators is given. The model has two main features: (1) establish the models of parts, including regenerator, heat exchanger, working volume, etc., individually, then, relate all parts by the boundary conditions. (2) the equation of model is reduced to a set of linear algebraic equations. In the model, the interaction of all parts, the cyclic flow and heat transfer of regenerators and heat exchangers and limited heat transfer of working volumes, effect of real gas, etc, are considered simultaneously. In addition, the numerical results of a Vuilleumier refrigerator with power being supplied by liquid nitrogen are compared with the Schmidt model and the experimental results. The model provides a better understanding of the working mechanism of regenerative refrigerators.

Jian-Feng, Wu; Yuan, Zhou

111

First Lasing of the Regenerative Amplifier FEL  

SciTech Connect

The Regenerative Amplifier Free-Electron Laser (RAFEL) is a high-gain RF-linac FEL capable of producing high optical power from a compact design. The combination of a high-gain and small optical feedback enables the FEL to reach saturation and produce a high optical power and high extraction efficiency without risk of optical damage to the mirrors. This paper summarizes the first lasing of the Regenerative Amplifier FEL and describes recent experimental results. The highest optical energy achieved thus far at 16.3 {micro}m is 1.7 J over an 9-{micro}s macropulse, corresponding to an average power during the macropulse of 190 kW. They deduce an energy of 1.7 mJ in each 16 ps micropulse, corresponding to a peak power of 110 MW.

Nguyen, D.C.; Sheffield, R.L.; Fortang, C.M.; Goldstein, J.C.; Kinross-Wright, J.M.; Ebrahim, N.A.

1998-08-17

112

Induced pluripotent stem cells for regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

With the discovery of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, it is now possible to convert differentiated somatic cells into multipotent stem cells that have the capacity to generate all cell types of adult tissues. Thus, there is a wide variety of applications for this technology, including regenerative medicine, in vitro disease modeling, and drug screening/discovery. Although biological and biochemical techniques have been well established for cell reprogramming, bioengineering technologies offer novel tools for the reprogramming, expansion, isolation, and differentiation of iPS cells. In this article, we review these bioengineering approaches for the derivation and manipulation of iPS cells and focus on their relevance to regenerative medicine. PMID:24905879

Hirschi, Karen K; Li, Song; Roy, Krishnendu

2014-07-11

113

Regenerative amplifier with pulse-on-demand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A picosecond regenerative amplifier with pulse on demand operation is demonstrated. The pulse energy is held constant for arbitrary pulse separation by employing an intracavity loss modulator. The loss modulator is controlled by a digital signal processor monitoring the gain of the laser material in real time. The gain is estimated from a measurement of the emitted fluorescence from the upper laser level, and the signal processor adjusts the loss in such way to keep the total round-trip gain constant regardless of the time separation to the previous pulse. The system is able to completely suppress the usual multistable regimes of a regenerative amplifier operated under a variation of the repetition rate. We achieve constant output energy for a linear change of repetition rates between 0 and 100kHz with a slope of 2MHz/s.

Holtz, C.; Meier, J.; Aus der Au, J.; Lederer, Max

2012-02-01

114

Theory of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

The adiabatic temperature change with field is limited to about 2 K/Tesla for ferromagnets near their Curie temperatures by the change of magnetization with temperature and the lattice heat capacity. Hence, practical magnetic refrigerators operate on a regenerative cycle such as the Brayton cycle. One way to execute this cycle is through the use of an active magnetic regenerator, i.e. a regenerator composed of magnetic material that is cycled in an out of a magnetic field with appropriate fluid flows. The theory of these devices can be predicted by solving the partial differential equations that describe fluid and the magnetic solid. The active magnetic regenerator is described along with the method of calculation. Temperature profiles for a normal regenerator and a magnetic regenerative refrigerator are shown.

Barclay, J.A.

1982-01-01

115

Regenerative nanomedicines: an emerging investment prospective?  

PubMed Central

Cells respond to their structural surrounding and within nanostructures exhibit unique proliferative and differentiation properties. The application of nanotechnologies to the field of regenerative medicine offers the potential to direct cell fate, target the delivery of cells and reduce immune rejection (via encapsulation), thereby supporting the development of regenerative medicines. The overall objective of any therapy is the delivery of the product not just into the clinic but also to patients on a routine basis. Such a goal typically requires a commercial vehicle and substantial levels of investment in scientific, clinical, regulatory and business expertise, resources, time and funding. Therefore, this paper focuses on some of the challenges facing this emerging industry, including investment by the venture capital community.

Prescott, Catherine

2010-01-01

116

Electrospun Silk Biomaterial Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Electrospinning is a versatile technique that enables the development of nanofiber-based biomaterial scaffolds. Scaffolds can be generated that are useful for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine since they mimic the nanoscale properties of certain fibrous components of the native extracellular matrix in tissues. Silk is a natural protein with excellent biocompatibility, remarkable mechanical properties as well as tailorable degradability. Integrating these protein polymer advantages with electrospinning results in scaffolds with combined biochemical, topographical and mechanical cues with versatility for a range of biomaterial, cell and tissue studies and applications. This review covers research related to electrospinning of silk, including process parameters, post treatment of the spun fibers, functionalization of nanofibers, and the potential applications for these material systems in regenerative medicine. Research challenges and future trends are also discussed.

Zhang, Xiaohui; Reagan, Michaela R; Kaplan, David L.

2009-01-01

117

Intrathyroidal parathyroid hyperplasia in tertiary hyperparathyroidism.  

PubMed

We report herein a case of intrathyroidal parathyroid hyperplasia in a patient with tertiary hyperparathyroidism. The patient was recommended for parathyroidectomy due to sustained hypercalcemia after kidney transplantation. Preoperative radiologic evaluations showed a benign-looking thyroid mass and three enlarged parathyroid glands. Intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level and frozen biopsy results indicated a missed parathyroid gland after immediate subtotal parathyroidectomy. Then, a secondary partial resection of thyroid including the thyroid nodule was performed. An excised intrathyroid nodule was diagnosed to be parathyroid hyperplasia by frozen biopsy, and intraoperative iPTH level abruptly decreased. A benign-looking thyroidal mass in patients with secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism should be carefully evaluated considering the possibility of an intrathyroidal parathyroid hyperplasia. PMID:24964443

Kim, Byung Seup; Ryu, Han Suk; Kang, Kyung Ho; Park, Sung Jun

2013-01-01

118

Low temperature thermally regenerative electrochemical system  

DOEpatents

A thermally regenerative electrochemical system including an electrochemical cell with two water-based electrolytes separated by an ion exchange membrane, at least one of the electrolytes containing a complexing agent and a salt of a multivalent metal whose respective order of potentials for a pair of its redox couples is reversible by a change in the amount of the complexing agent in the electrolyte, the complexing agent being removable by distillation to cause the reversal.

Loutfy, Raouf O. (Tucson, AZ); Brown, Alan P. (Bolingbrook, IL); Yao, Neng-Ping (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1983-01-01

119

Multipotent Progenitor Cells in Regenerative Cardiovascular Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regenerative therapies for heart diseases require the understanding of the molecular mechanisms that govern the fates and\\u000a differentiation of the diverse muscle and nonmuscle cell lineages that form during heart development. During mouse cardiogenesis,\\u000a the major lineages of the mature heart, cardiomyocytes, smooth muscle, endothelial cells, and cardiac mesenchyme, arise from\\u000a multipotent cardiovascular progenitors expressing the transcription factors Mesp1, Isl1,

Jason T. Lam; Alessandra Moretti; Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz

2009-01-01

120

Regenerative heat transfer in rotary kilns  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mathematical model has been developed to determine the temperature distribution in the wall of a rotary kiln. The model,\\u000a which incorporates a detailed formulation of the radiative and convective heat-transfer coefficients in a kiln, has been employed\\u000a to examine the effect of different kiln variables on both the regenerative and the overall heat transfer to the solids. The\\u000a variables

J. P. Gorog; T. N. Adams; J. K. Brimacombe

1982-01-01

121

Low-temperature thermally regenerative electrochemical system  

DOEpatents

A thermally regenerative electrochemical system is described including an electrochemical cell with two water-based electrolytes separated by an ion exchange membrane, at least one of the electrolytes containing a complexing agent and a salt of a multivalent metal whose respective order of potentials for a pair of its redox couples is reversible by a change in the amount of the ocmplexing agent in the electrolyte, the complexing agent being removable by distillation to cause the reversal.

Loutfy, R.O.; Brown, A.P.; Yao, N.P.

1982-04-21

122

Nanostructured polymeric scaffolds for orthopaedic regenerative engineering.  

PubMed

Successful regeneration necessitates the development of three-dimensional (3-D) tissue-inducing scaffolds that mimic the hierarchical architecture of native tissue extracellular matrix (ECM). Cells in nature recognize and interact with the surface topography they are exposed to via ECM proteins. The interaction of cells with nanotopographical features such as pores, ridges, groves, fibers, nodes, and their combinations has proven to be an important signaling modality in controlling cellular processes. Integrating nanotopographical cues is especially important in engineering complex tissues that have multiple cell types and require precisely defined cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions on the nanoscale. Thus, in a regenerative engineering approach, nanoscale materials/scaffolds play a paramount role in controlling cell fate and the consequent regenerative capacity. Advances in nanotechnology have generated a new toolbox for the fabrication of tissue-specific nanostructured scaffolds. For example, biodegradable polymers such as polyesters, polyphosphazenes, polymer blends and composites can be electrospun into ECM-mimicking matrices composed of nanofibers, which provide high surface area for cell attachment, growth, and differentiation. This review provides the fundamental guidelines for the design and development of nanostructured scaffolds for the regeneration of various tissue types in human upper and lower extremities such as skin, ligament, tendon, and bone. Examples focusing on the collective work of our laboratory in those areas are discussed to demonstrate the regenerative efficacy of this approach. Furthermore, preliminary strategies and significant challenges to integrate these individual tissues into one complex organ through regenerative engineering-based integrated graft systems are also discussed. PMID:22275722

Deng, Meng; James, Roshan; Laurencin, Cato T; Kumbar, Sangamesh G

2012-03-01

123

Regenerative Chimerism Bioengineered Through Stem Cell Reprogramming  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Regenerative medicine aims to restore damaged tissues in order to reverse disease progression and provide a sustainable solution\\u000a that cures the root cause of the disease process. Although natural mechanisms of repair are ubiquitous, disruption of the\\u000a homeostatic balance affects the equilibrium between health and disease due to insufficient tissue renewal in chronic degenerative\\u000a conditions. Augmentation of the diseased tissue

Timothy J. Nelson; Almudena Martinez-Fernandez; Satsuki Yamada; Andre Terzic

124

Functional biomedical polymers for corneal regenerative medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent progress in biomedical polymer science has greatly contributed to rapid development of corneal regenerative medicine. In the past decades, scientists have achieved several major breakthroughs in corneal tissue reconstruction. Studies regarding the findings of core-and-skirt keratoprostheses for visual rehabilitation, biosynthetic tissue replacements for corneal transplantation, and thermo-responsive cell-detachable substrates for corneal cell sheet engineering have been reported by several

Jui-Yang Lai; Ging-Ho Hsiue

2007-01-01

125

Design Peptide Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Regenerative and reparative medicine require two key complementary ingredients: the biological scaffolds and stem cells, both\\u000a embryonic and adult stem cells. Designs of new scaffolds at the molecular level have become increasingly important for such\\u000a an endeavor. New technology through molecular self-assembly as a fabrication tool will become integral part of new medicine\\u000a in the coming years. We are inspired

Shuguang Zhang; Carlos E. Semino

126

Secular Humanist Bioethics and Regenerative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a As Daniel Callahan perceptively observed some 20 years ago, issues and dilemmas in bioethics might be new as a result of remarkable\\u000a advances in biomedical science, but the moral questions they raise are “among the oldest that human beings have asked themselves”\\u000a (Callahan, 2004, p. 278). Regenerative Medicine is a cutting edge medicine, devoted to the repair of damaged, diseased,

Ping-Cheung Lo

127

Brushless ultra-efficient regenerative servomechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A servomechanism regeneratively controls motion by a brushless coreless axial-field motor, exerting torque thru its permanent-magnet disk rotor, resulting from synchronized polyphase sinusoidal stator currents, controlled by a switching controller responsive to input commands and to Hall-effect transducer signals that vary sinusoidally with rotor angle and respectively correspond to stator phases. The controller operates with a dc power source and

Fradella

1985-01-01

128

Atypical ductal hyperplasia: interobserver and intraobserver variability.  

PubMed

Interobserver reproducibility in the diagnosis of benign intraductal proliferative lesions has been poor. The aims of the study were to investigate the inter- and intraobserver variability and the impact of the addition of an immunostain for high- and low-molecular weight keratins on the variability. Nine pathologists reviewed 81 cases of breast proliferative lesions in three stages and assigned each of the lesions to one of the following three diagnoses: usual ductal hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia and ductal carcinoma in situ. Hematoxylin and eosin slides and corresponding slides stained with ADH-5 cocktail (cytokeratins (CK) 5, 14. 7, 18 and p63) by immunohistochemistry were evaluated. Concordance was evaluated at each stage of the study. The interobserver agreement among the nine pathologists for diagnosing the 81 proliferative breast lesions was fair (?-value=0.34). The intraobserver ?-value ranged from 0.56 to 0.88 (moderate to strong). Complete agreement among nine pathologists was achieved in only nine (11%) cases, at least eight agreed in 20 (25%) cases and seven or more agreed in 38 (47%) cases. Following immunohistochemical stain, a significant improvement in the interobserver concordance (overall ?-value=0.50) was observed (P=0.015). There was a significant reduction in the total number of atypical ductal hyperplasia diagnosis made by nine pathologists after the use of ADH-5 immunostain. Atypical ductal hyperplasia still remains a diagnostic dilemma with wide variation in both inter- and intraobserver reproducibility among pathologists. The addition of an immunohistochemical stain led to a significant improvement in the concordance rate. More importantly, there was an 8% decrease in the number of lesions classified as atypical ductal hyperplasia in favor of usual hyperplasia; in clinical practice, this could lead to a decrease in the number of surgeries carried out for intraductal proliferative lesions. PMID:21532546

Jain, Rohit K; Mehta, Rutika; Dimitrov, Rosen; Larsson, Lisbeth G; Musto, Paul M; Hodges, Kurt B; Ulbright, Thomas M; Hattab, Eyas M; Agaram, Narasimhan; Idrees, Muhammad T; Badve, Sunil

2011-07-01

129

[Serenoa repens in benign prostatic hyperplasia].  

PubMed

Serenoa repens is one of many herbal products used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. The treatment has been studied extensively, but the methodological quality has often been poor. Metaanalysis of early studies indicate that the treatment may have favourable effects on patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, but more recent investigations of better methodological quality have questioned these results. The available documentation does not support use of products containing serenoa repens for these patients. Serenoa repens is associated with mild adverse effects comparable to that of placebo. PMID:18511974

Log, Tomas

2008-05-29

130

Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A delayed presentation  

PubMed Central

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a rare congenital disorder, which in cases of female genotype may result in virilization. Specific enzyme deficiencies in adrenocorticoid hormones biosynthetic pathway lead to excess androgen production causing virilization. Classic type presents early in infant life as salt losing or simple virilizing type, whereas non classic form presents late at puberty or in adult life. Depending on the type of classic CAH, type of adrenocorticoid deficiency, extent of virilization & genotype, surgical corrective procedures, glucocorticoid & mineralocorticoid replacement therapy are the mainstay of management. We present here a case of classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia of simple virilizing type, which presented later in childhood.

Aziz Siddiqui, Saima; Soomro, Nargis; Ganatra, Ashraf

2013-01-01

131

Outcome of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

In congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, affected girls are born with ambiguous genitalia due to increased secretion of androgens in utero by the defective adrenal gland. Even though it is generally accepted that there are differences between male and female brain development, determining factors have been difficult to identify. Girls with CAH have frequently been studied to evaluate the impact of prenatal androgen exposure on psychological, psychosocial, and psychosexual development, and impairments in various areas have been identified. However, there is no comprehensive study available regarding the outcome of this chronic disorder in adult life. We studied the quality of life in women with CAH, with particular emphasis on how they cope with genital malformations, genital operations, and chronic disease as well as lifelong medication. The patients filled out questionnaires covering their physical state, psychological well-being, social relationships, and functional capacity, as well as questionnaires on psychosexual identification and psychosocial integration. The results were evaluated using a computerized statistical program for social studies. Out of a total of 94 patients above 18 years of age, 45 agreed to participate and were compared to 46 healthy, age-matched controls. Age at diagnosis was 2. 31 +/- 1.55 years and 38% suffered from the simple-virilizing, 45% from the salt-wasting, and 17.0% from the late-onset form of CAH. About one-third of patients had Prader stage 3 or 4 genital virilization. While the overall quality of life did not differ significantly, CAH patients were more often single (47.8% vs. 66.7%) and fewer of them had children (22.2% vs. 38.6%) compared to controls. Significant impairments were found in regard to body image and attitudes toward sexuality, but there was no increased homosexual preference. The women were successful in adjusting to illness and receiving social support. It is speculated that improved psychosocial adaptation is part of a coping mechanism that helps to maintain a high level of well-being despite impairment. Coping mechanisms should be identified and strengthened in order to help patients cope with their chronic illness. PMID:9238119

Kuhnle, U; Bullinger, M

1997-09-01

132

Researches on regenerative medicine-current state and prospect.  

PubMed

Since 1980s, the rapid development of tissue engineering and stem cell research has pushed regenerative medicine to a new fastigium, and regenerative medicine has become a noticeable research field in the international biology and medicine. In China, about 100 million patients need repair and regeneration treatment every year, while the number is much larger in the world. Regenerative medicine could provide effective salvation for these patients. Both Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering have made roadmaps of 2010-2050 and 2011-2030 for regenerative medicine. The final goal of the two roadmaps is to make China go up to leading position in most research aspects of regenerative medicine. In accord with this strategy, the government and some enterprises have invested 3-5 billion RMB (0.5-0.8 billion USD) for the research on regenerative medicine. In order to push the translation of regenerative medicine forward-from bench to bedside, a strategic alliance has been established, and it includes 27 top-level research institutes, medical institutes, colleges, universities and enterprises in the field of stem cell and regeneration medicine. Recently the journal, Science, has published a special issue-Regenerative Medicine in China, consisting of 35 papers dealing with stem cell and regeneration, tissue engineering and regeneration, trauma and regeneration and bases for tissue repair and regenerative medicine. It is predicated that a greater breakthrough in theory and practice of regenerative medicine will be achieved in the near future (20 to 30 years). PMID:23069095

Wang, Zheng-Guo; Xiao, Kai

2012-01-01

133

Problems in the Differential Diagnosis of Endometrial Hyperplasia and Carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The differential diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma is complicated not only by the resemblance of these lesions to each other, but also by their tendency to be overdiagnosed (particularly hyperplasia) on the background of polyps, endometritis, artifacts, and even normally cycling endometrium. Atypical hyperplasia may also be overdiagnosed when epithelial metaplastic changes occur in simple or complex

Steven G. Silverberg

2000-01-01

134

The Value of Curettage in Diagnosis of Endometrial Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the value of diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia by curettage and to determine the results of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunostaining in differentiating endometrial carcinoma from endometrial hyperplasia.Methods. According to Kurman's criteria, we treated 150 patients with endometrial hyperplasia detected by curettage and compared retrospectively the diagnosis by curettage with that

Xing Xie; Wei-Guo Lu; Da-Feng Ye; Huai-Zeng Chen; Yun-Feng Fu

2002-01-01

135

Adult Consequences of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency accounts for 95% of all CAH cases and is one the most common inborn metabolic disorders. While consensus and guidelines on therapeutic management in infancy and childhood are available, data regarding the treatment of adults with CAH are scarce. This review highlights the issues that need to be addressed when caring

Wiebke Arlt; Nils Krone

2007-01-01

136

Diode-pumped regenerative Yb:SrF2 amplifier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report what we believe to be the first Yb:SrF2 regenerative femtosecond amplifier. The regenerative amplifier produces 325-fs pulses at 100-Hz repetition rate with an energy before compression of 1.4 mJ. The interest of Yb:SrF2 in such regenerative amplifiers and its complementarity to its well-known isotype Yb:CaF2 is also discussed.

Ricaud, S.; Georges, P.; Camy, P.; Doualan, J.-L.; Moncorgé, R.; Courjaud, A.; Mottay, E.; Druon, F.

2012-03-01

137

Regenerative steam-injection gas-turbine systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a demand for developments of the distributed energy system using a small-scale gas turbine. The steam injection configuration can improve the thermal efficiency of simple and regenerative gas-turbine cycles. In this paper, the performance characteristics of two types of regenerative steam-injection gas-turbine (RSTIG) systems are analyzed and they are compared with the performances of the simple, regenerative, water

Kousuke Nishida; Toshimi Takagi; Shinichi Kinoshita

2005-01-01

138

A Regeneratively-Cooled Thrust Chamber for the Fastrac Engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document consists of presentation slides about the development of the regeneratively cooled thrust chamber for the Fastrac engine. The Fastrac engine was originally developed to demonstrate low cost design and fabrication methods. It was intended to be used in an expendable booster. The regen thrust chamber enables a more cost efficient test program. Using the low cost design and fabrication methodology designed for the 12K regeneratively cooled chamber, the contractor designed, developed and fabricated a regeneratively cooled thrust chamber for the Fastrac engine.

Brown, Kendall; Sparks, Dave; Woodcock, Gordon; Jim Turner (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

139

Regenerative Blower for EVA Suit Ventilation Fan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Portable life support systems in future space suits will include a ventilation subsystem driven by a dedicated fan. This ventilation fan must meet challenging requirements for pressure rise, flow rate, efficiency, size, safety, and reliability. This paper describes research and development that showed the feasibility of a regenerative blower that is uniquely suited to meet these requirements. We proved feasibility through component tests, blower tests, and design analysis. Based on the requirements for the Constellation Space Suit Element (CSSE) Portable Life Support System (PLSS) ventilation fan, we designed the critical elements of the blower. We measured the effects of key design parameters on blower performance using separate effects tests, and used the results of these tests to design a regenerative blower that will meet the ventilation fan requirements. We assembled a proof-of-concept blower and measured its performance at sub-atmospheric pressures that simulate a PLSS ventilation loop environment. Head/flow performance and maximum efficiency point data were used to specify the design and operating conditions for the ventilation fan. We identified materials for the blower that will enhance safety for operation in a lunar environment, and produced a solid model that illustrates the final design. The proof-of-concept blower produced the flow rate and pressure rise needed for the CSSE ventilation subsystem while running at 5400 rpm, consuming only 9 W of electric power using a non-optimized, commercial motor and controller and inefficient bearings. Scaling the test results to a complete design shows that a lightweight, compact, reliable, and low power regenerative blower can meet the performance requirements for future space suit life support systems.

Izenson, Michael G.; Chen, Weibo; Paul, Heather L.

2010-01-01

140

Phosphorous-containing polymers for regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Disease and injury have resulted in a large, unmet need for functional tissue replacements. Polymeric scaffolds can be used to deliver cells and bioactive signals to address this need for regenerating damaged tissue. Phosphorous-containing polymers have been implemented to improve and accelerate the formation of native tissue both by mimicking the native role of phosphorous groups in the body and by attachment of other bioactive molecules. This manuscript reviews the synthesis, properties, and performance of phosphorous-containing polymers that can be useful in regenerative medicine applications. PMID:24565855

Watson, Brendan M; Kasper, F Kurtis; Mikos, Antonios G

2014-04-01

141

Regenerative Electronic Biosensors Using Supramolecular Approaches  

PubMed Central

A supramolecular interface for Si nanowire FETs has been developed with the aim of creating regenerative electronic biosensors. The key to the approach are Si-NWs functionalized with ?-Cyclodextrin (?-CD), to which receptor moieties can be attached with an orthogonal supramolecular linker. Here we demonstrate full recycling using the strongest biomolecular system known, streptavidin (SAv)-biotin. The bound SAv and the linkers can be selectively removed from the surface through competitive desorption with concentrated ?-CD, regenerating the sensor for repeated use. An added advantage of ?-CD is the possibility of stereoselective sensors, and we demonstrate here the ability to quantify the enantiomeric composition of chiral targets.

Duan, Xuexin; Rajan, Nitin K.; Routenberg, David A.; Huskens, Jurriaan

2013-01-01

142

The stem cell niche in regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Stem cells are fundamental units for achieving regenerative therapies, which leads naturally to a theoretical and experimental focus on these cells for therapeutic screening and intervention. A growing body of data in many tissue systems indicates that stem cell function is critically influenced by extrinsic signals derived from the microenvironment, or "niche." In this vein, the stem cell niche represents a significant, and largely untapped, entry point for therapeutic modulation of stem cell behavior. This Perspective will discuss how the niche influences stem cells in homeostasis, in the progression of degenerative and malignant diseases, and in therapeutic strategies for tissue repair. PMID:22482502

Wagers, Amy J

2012-04-01

143

Translational science in disinfection for regenerative endodontics.  

PubMed

The endodontic management of permanent immature teeth is fraught with challenges. Although treatment modalities for vital pulp therapy in these teeth provide long-term favorable outcome, the outcomes from the treatment of pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis are significantly less predictable. Immature teeth diagnosed with pulp necrosis have been traditionally treated with apexification or apexogenesis approaches. Unfortunately, these treatments provide little to no benefit in promoting continued root development. Regenerative endodontic procedures have emerged as an important alternative in treating teeth with otherwise questionable long-term prognosis because of thin, fragile dentinal walls and a lack of immunocompetency. These procedures rely heavily on root canal chemical disinfection of the root canal system. Traditionally, irrigants and medicaments have been chosen for their maximum antimicrobial effect without consideration for their effects on stem cells and the dentinal microenvironment. Translational research has been crucial to provide evidence for treatment modifications that aim to increase favorable outcome while steering away from common pitfalls in the currently used protocols. In this review, recent advances learned from translational research related to disinfection in regenerative endodontics are presented and discussed. PMID:24698694

Diogenes, Anibal R; Ruparel, Nikita B; Teixeira, Fabricio B; Hargreaves, Kenneth M

2014-04-01

144

Mesenchymal dental stem cells in regenerative dentistry  

PubMed Central

In the last decade, tissue engineering is a field that has been suffering an enormous expansion in the regenerative medicine and dentistry. The use of cells as mesenchymal dental stem cells of easy access for dentist and oral surgeon, immunosuppressive properties, high proliferation and capacity to differentiate into odontoblasts, cementoblasts, osteoblasts and other cells implicated in the teeth, suppose a good perspective of future in the clinical dentistry. However, is necessary advance in the known of growth factors and signalling molecules implicated in tooth development and regeneration of different structures of teeth. Furthermore, these cells need a fabulous scaffold that facility their integration, differentiation, matrix synthesis and promote multiple specific interactions between cells. In this review, we give a brief description of tooth development and anatomy, definition and classification of stem cells, with special attention of mesenchymal stem cells, commonly used in the cellular therapy for their trasdifferentiation ability, non ethical problems and acceptable results in preliminary clinical trials. In terms of tissue engineering, we provide an overview of different types of mesenchymal stem cells that have been isolated from teeth, including dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), dental follicle progenitor stem cells (DFPCs), and stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs), growth factors implicated in regeneration teeth and types of scaffolds for dental tissue regeneration. Key words:Dental stem cells, regenerative dentistry, mesenchymal stem cells, tissue engineering, stem cells.

Insausti, Carmen-Luisa; Iniesta, Francisca; Blanquer, Miguel; Ramirez, Maria-del-Carmen; Meseguer, Luis; Meseguer-Henarejos, Ana-Belen; Marin, Noemi; Martinez, Salvador; Moraleda, Jose-Maria

2012-01-01

145

Integrated regenerative fuel cell experimental evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experimental test program was conducted to investigate the performance characteristics of an integrated regenerative fuel cell (IRFC) concept. The IRFC consists of a separate fuel cell unit and electrolysis cell unit in the same structure, with internal storage of fuel cell product water and external storage of electrolysis cell produced hydrogen and oxygen. The fuel cell unit incorporates an enhanced Orbiter-type cell capable of improved performance at reduced weight. The electrolysis cell features a NiCo2O4 catalyst oxygen evolution eletrode with a porous Teflon cover to retard electrolyte loss. Six complete IRFC assemblies were assembled and performance tested at an operating temperature of 200 F (93.3 C) and reactant pressures up to 170 psia (117.2 n/cu cm) on IRFC No. 4. Anomalous pressure charge/discharge characteristics were encountered during performance evaluation. A reversible fuel cell incorporating a proprietary bi-functional oxygen electrode operated satisfactory at 200 F (93.3 C) at reactant pressures up to 50 psia (41.4 n/cu cm) as a regenerative fuel cell for one cycle, before developing an electrical short in the fuel cell mode. Electrolysis cell 300-hour endurance tests demonstrated the electrolyte retention capability of the electrode Teflon cover and the performance stability of the bi-functional oxygen electrode at high potential.

Martin, Ronald E.

1990-01-01

146

Design of Side Channel Type Regenerative Blower  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A side channel type regenerative blower was designed by a one-dimensional performance prediction method and CFD. The design variables, such as the rotating speed, channel height, ratio of cross sectional areas between impeller groove and channel, channel expansion angle and number of blade were set by DOE. To examine the effects of these design variables, the overall performances of 17 different blower designs were estimated by using one-dimensional performance prediction method and analyzed by DOE. The pressure rise and efficiency at the operating flow rate and the flow rate difference between operating and best efficiency condition were selected as the main responses. The main effects of the design variables on the responses were discussed. The rotating speed, channel height and ratio of cross sectional areas between impeller groove and channel affected the overall performance of the blower. Finally, we decided the optimum blower through the results of optimization procedure. To verify the one-dimensional performance prediction method, we calculated the performances of base and optimum design blowers by commercial CFD software (ANSYS CFX-11). The numerical results clearly showed a typical circulation flow characteristics of a side channel type regenerative blower. The tendency of the performance improvement by using CFD was the same with that of the one-dimensional performance prediction method.

Lee, Kyoung-Yong; Choi, Young-Seok; Jeong, Kyung-Ho

2010-06-01

147

Analysis of Regen Cooling in Rocket Combustors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of detailed CFD modeling for the description of cooling in rocket chambers is discussed. The overall analysis includes a complete three-dimensional analysis of the flow in the regenerative cooling passages, conjugate heat transfer in the combustor walls, and the effects of film cooling on the inside chamber. The results in the present paper omit the effects of film cooling and include only regen cooling and the companion conjugate heat transfer. The hot combustion gases are replaced by a constant temperature wall boundary condition. Load balancing for parallel cluster computations is ensured by using single-block unstructured grids for both fluids and solids, and by using a 'multiple physical zones' to account for differences in the number of equations. Validation of the method is achieved by comparing simple two-dimensional solutions with analytical results. Representative results for cooling passages are presents showing the effects of heat conduction in the copper walls with tube aspect ratios of 1.5:l.

Harper, Brent (Technical Monitor); Merkle, C. L.; Li, D.; Sankaran, V.

2004-01-01

148

78 FR 43889 - Synergizing Efforts in Standards Development for Cellular Therapies and Regenerative Medicine...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Cellular Therapies and Regenerative Medicine Products; Public Workshop AGENCY: Food...for Cellular Therapies and Regenerative Medicine Products.'' The purpose of the public...involving cellular therapies and regenerative medicine products. Date and Time: The...

2013-07-22

149

EUROPEAN PROJECT REGENER LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BUILDINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the European project REGENER, 8 partners of 5 different E.C. countries joined their efforts in order : - to define a common methodology to apply LCA in the building sector, - to develop a design toolbox and - to perform first applications of the methods, concerning e.g. the integration of renewable energies. The research activity of REGENER lead to

Bruno Peuportier

150

Combustion and Regenerative Cooling Characteristics of LOX/Methane Engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The regenerative cooled LOX/methane engine is considered by the cooperative research with JAXA, MHI, and IHI. As a part of this cooperation, the experiments and analysis about LOX/methane combustion instability and regenerative cooling characteristics were carried out because the lack of the fundamental LOX/methane properties was identified as a risk through engine design, production, test, and operation.

Kawashima, Hideto; Okita, Koichi; Aoki, Kenji; Azuma, Nobuyuki; Kumakawa, Akinaga; Onodera, Takuo; Yoshida, Seiji; Negishi, Hideyo; Manako, Hiroyasu; Koganezawa, Takashi

151

Multiple myeloma presenting as gingival hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Multiple myeloma is a malignant neoplasm that is characterized by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells. Oral and maxillofacial manifestations as an initial sign or symptom of multiple myeloma are rare. A 58-year-old male patient presented with generalized gingival enlargement for last 6 months. Based on clinical presentation, a diagnosis of gingival hyperplasia was made. After Phase I therapy, excisional biopsy was taken in anterior mandibular region and excised tissue was sent for histopathological examination. The histopathology report revealed a lining of stratified squamous epithelium with foci of ulceration. The subepithelial zone showed infiltration by sheets of mainly binucleate and multinucleate plasma cells, few cells being less differentiated. Rounded cytoplasmic inclusion bodies were identified in many of these cells. After a series of clinical investigations, a case of “multiple myeloma” was diagnosed. Patient presenting with generalized gingival hyperplasia should be worked up for systemic disease like multiple myeloma.

Jain, Sanjeev; Kaur, Harjit; Kansal, Gaurav; Gupta, Parul

2013-01-01

152

Multiple myeloma presenting as gingival hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Multiple myeloma is a malignant neoplasm that is characterized by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells. Oral and maxillofacial manifestations as an initial sign or symptom of multiple myeloma are rare. A 58-year-old male patient presented with generalized gingival enlargement for last 6 months. Based on clinical presentation, a diagnosis of gingival hyperplasia was made. After Phase I therapy, excisional biopsy was taken in anterior mandibular region and excised tissue was sent for histopathological examination. The histopathology report revealed a lining of stratified squamous epithelium with foci of ulceration. The subepithelial zone showed infiltration by sheets of mainly binucleate and multinucleate plasma cells, few cells being less differentiated. Rounded cytoplasmic inclusion bodies were identified in many of these cells. After a series of clinical investigations, a case of "multiple myeloma" was diagnosed. Patient presenting with generalized gingival hyperplasia should be worked up for systemic disease like multiple myeloma. PMID:24049344

Jain, Sanjeev; Kaur, Harjit; Kansal, Gaurav; Gupta, Parul

2013-05-01

153

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia with cholestatic jaundice.  

PubMed

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia describes a group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by a decrease in Cortisol production. 11 beta hydroxylase deficiencies is the second most common form. However, its presentation with cholestatic jaundice is extremely rare. We present a case of a 29-day-old infant who came to us with unusual dark complexion, persistent jaundice, and electrolyte imbalance. On investigation he was diagnosed as a case of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Treatment with hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone cleared his jaundice and complexion with subsequent improvement in electrolytes. The aim of this report is to illustrate an unusual presentation of CAH with Cholestatic jaundice. This is the first case to be reported from Pakistan. The case outlines the difficult workup that was encountered in the diagnosis and management of the patient. PMID:24605732

Ali, Nisreen Feroz; Zafar, Farhana; Bangash, Areeb Sohail; Malik, Abdul; Mohammedi, Karimunnisa

2014-01-01

154

Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia with Follicular Mucinosis  

PubMed Central

Follicular mucinosis occurring along with angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils (ALHE) has been described in a 49-year-old male. The patient presented with pruritic hyperpigmented papules and nodules on the vertex and right parietal scalp. There was no any other complaint. Histopathological examination from one of the papule showed prominent blood vessels in the dermis lined by plump histiocytoid endothelial cells that were surrounded by a dense lymphoid infiltrate with numerous eosinophils; these findings are typical of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. Features of follicular mucinosis were observed in the same section with 3 hyperplastic follicular infundibula containing pools of mucin in the infundibular epithelium. The concurrent occurrence of these 2 distinct histopathological patterns in the same biopsy specimen has been reported rarely.

Gutte, Rameshwar; Doshi, Bhavana; Khopkar, Uday

2013-01-01

155

Saw Palmetto for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 225 men over the age of 49 years who had moderate-to-severe symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia to one year of treatment with saw palmetto extract (160 mg twice a day) or placebo. The pri- mary outcome measures were changes in the scores on the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI) and the maximal

Stephen Bent; Christopher Kane; Katsuto Shinohara; John Neuhaus; Esther S. Hudes; Harley Goldberg; Andrew L. Avins

2006-01-01

156

Fertility in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is the most frequently encountered genetic steroid disorder affecting fertility. Steroid hormones play a crucial role in sexual development and reproductive function; patients with either 21- hydroxylase or 11?-hydroxylase deficiency thus face immense challenges to their fertility. Given the relevance of CAH in reproductive medicine as well as the diagnostic challenges posed by the phenotypic overlap with polycystic ovary syndrome, we review the reproductive pahophysiology of both classic and nonclassic CAH and present contemporary treatment options. PMID:24355046

Reichman, David E; White, Perrin C; New, Maria I; Rosenwaks, Zev

2014-02-01

157

Inflammatory hyperplasia: From diagnosis to treatment.  

PubMed

Gingival enlargement, the currently accepted terminology for an increase in the size of the gingiva, is a common feature of gingival disease. Local and systemic factors influence the gingival conditions of the patient. These factors results in a spectrum of diseases that can be developmental, reactive and inflammatory to neoplastic. In this article, the history, etiology, clinical and histopathological features, treatment strategies and preventive protocol of inflammatory hyperplasia are discussed. PMID:24744554

Shukla, Pradeep; Dahiya, Varun; Kataria, Prerna; Sabharwal, Shreya

2014-01-01

158

Inflammatory hyperplasia: From diagnosis to treatment  

PubMed Central

Gingival enlargement, the currently accepted terminology for an increase in the size of the gingiva, is a common feature of gingival disease. Local and systemic factors influence the gingival conditions of the patient. These factors results in a spectrum of diseases that can be developmental, reactive and inflammatory to neoplastic. In this article, the history, etiology, clinical and histopathological features, treatment strategies and preventive protocol of inflammatory hyperplasia are discussed.

Shukla, Pradeep; Dahiya, Varun; Kataria, Prerna; Sabharwal, Shreya

2014-01-01

159

Feminizing genital reconstruction in congenital adrenal hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

The past several decades have seen multiple advances in the surgical reconstruction for girls born with Disorders of Sexual Differentiation. This surgery can be technically very demanding, and must be individualized for each patient, as the degree of virilization and level of confluence of the vagina and urogenital sinus will dictate the surgical approach. In this manuscript we present our approach and experience in the surgical options for girls born with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, with special attention regarding clitoroplasty, urogenital mobilization, and vaginoplasty.

Leslie, Jeffrey A.; Cain, Mark Patrick; Rink, Richard Carlos

2009-01-01

160

Solar Airplanes and Regenerative Fuel Cells  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A solar electric aircraft with the potential to "fly forever" has captured NASA's interest, and the concept for such an aircraft was pursued under Aeronautics Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) project. Feasibility of this aircraft happens to depend on the successful development of solar power technologies critical to NASA's Exploration Initiatives; hence, there was widespread interest throughout NASA to bring these technologies to a flight demonstration. The most critical is an energy storage system to sustain mission power during night periods. For the solar airplane, whose flight capability is already limited by the diffuse nature of solar flux and subject to latitude and time of year constraints, the feasibility of long endurance flight depends on a storage density figure of merit better than 400-600 watt-hr per kilogram. This figure of merit is beyond the capability of present day storage technologies (other than nuclear) but may be achievable in the hydrogen-oxygen regenerative fuel cell (RFC). This potential has led NASA to undertake the practical development of a hydrogen-oxygen regenerative fuel cell, initially as solar energy storage for a high altitude UAV science platform but eventually to serve as the primary power source for NASAs lunar base and other planet surface installations. Potentially the highest storage capacity and lowest weight of any non-nuclear device, a flight-weight RFC aboard a solar-electric aircraft that is flown continuously through several successive day-night cycles will provide the most convincing demonstration that this technology's widespread potential has been realized. In 1998 NASA began development of a closed cycle hydrogen oxygen PEM RFC under the Aeronautics Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) project and continued its development, originally for a solar electric airplane flight, through FY2005 under the Low Emissions Alternative Power (LEAP) project. Construction of the closed loop system began in 2002 at the NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. System checkout was completed, and testing began, in July of 2003. The initial test sequences were done with only a fuel cell or electrolyzer in the test rig. Those tests were used to verify the test apparatus, procedures, and software. The first complete cycles of the fully closed loop, regenerative fuel cell system were successfully completed in the following September. Following some hardware upgrades to increase reactant recirculation flow, the test rig was operated at full power in December 2003 and again in January 2004. In March 2004 a newer generation of fuel cell and electrolyzer stacks was substituted for the original hardware and these stacks were successfully tested at full power under cyclic operation in June of 2004.

Bents, David J.

2007-01-01

161

``HYTEC''-A thermally regenerative fuel cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HYTEC (Hydrogen Thermo-Electrochemical Converter) is a thermally regenerative fuel cell for direct conversion of heat into electricity. The principles of basic cell operation involve ionic transport of hydrogen through a hydride-ion (H-) conducting, molten electrolyte, and reaction with alkali metals, oxygen, or air. In order to operate HYTEC in a thermally regenerative mode, pure Li and Na, or a mixture of Li/Na alloy, is used for reaction with hydrogen, to form metal hydride which is subsequently decomposed to metal and hydrogen at higher temperatures. The reactants are then separated and redirected to the electrochemical cell. In the cell the molten, H--conducting electrolyte is immobilized between two thin hydrogen-permeable, solid, metallic electrodes which also act as current collectors. The H2 gas first diffuses through the cathode electrode and forms a hydride ion (H+e-->H-) at the cathode-electrolyte interface. The H- ion subsequently migrated through the electrolyte under a chemical potential gradient created by the presence of the alkali metal in the anode chamber. The H- ion releases the electron to form hydrogen atoms (H--->H+e) at the anode-electrolyte interface. The hydrogen atom diffuses through the anode electrode and reacts with the alkali metal to form metal hydride. The electron released passes through the load circuit to complete the cycle. In the regeneration scheme, the fuel cell is operated at temperature T1. The metal hydride formed at the anode is pumped to the decomposition chamber through a recuperator. The metal hydride is decomposed at a higher temperature, T2, by an external heat source. The H2 gas is separated from the alkali metal by a H2-permeable, solid, metallic membrane and fed into the anode chamber of the cell. The hydrogen-depleted alkali metal is directed to the cathode chamber of the cell, via the recuperator, to complete the cycle. To date, electrochemical feasibility of the concept has been experimentally demonstrated. A system analysis indicates that a HYTEC system can reach efficiencies as high as 30%. The paper describes the unique features of the HYTEC concept as compared to other thermally regenerative fuel cells. The current developmental status is also included.

Roy, Prodyot; Salamah, Samir A.; Maldonado, Jerry; Narkiewicz, Regina S.

1993-01-01

162

[Use of adipose tissue in regenerative medicine].  

PubMed

Adipose tissue is abundant and well known for its involvement in obesity and associated metabolic disorders. Its uses in regenerative medicine recently attracted many investigators, as large amounts of this tissue can be easily obtained using liposuction and it contains several populations of immature cells. The largest pool of such cells corresponds to immature stromal cells, called adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs). These cells are purified after proteolytic digestion of adipose tissue and selection by an adherent step. ADSCs display many common features with mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow, including paracrine activity, but with some specific features, among which a greater angiogenic potential. This potential is now investigating at clinical level to treat critical ischemic hindlimb by autologous cells. Other potentials are also investigated and the treatment of fistula associated or not with Crohn's disease is reaching now phase III level. PMID:21397545

Casteilla, L; Planat-Benard, V; Bourin, P; Laharrague, P; Cousin, B

2011-04-01

163

Regenerative medicine: the emergence of an industry  

PubMed Central

Over the last quarter of a century there has been an emergence of a tissue engineering industry, one that has now evolved into the broader area of regenerative medicine. There have been ‘ups and downs’ in this industry; however, it now appears to be on a track that may be described as ‘back to the future’. The latest data indicate that for 2007 the private sector activity in the world for this industry is approaching $2.5 billion, with 167 companies/business units and more than 6000 employee full time equivalents. Although small compared with the medical device and also the pharmaceutical industries, these numbers are not insignificant. Thus, there is the indication that this industry, and the related technology, may still achieve its potential and address the needs of millions of patients worldwide, in particular those with needs that currently are unmet.

Nerem, Robert M.

2010-01-01

164

18F-FDG-Avid Brunner Gland Hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Brunner gland hyperplasia, a rare duodenal tumor, usually presents with benign features. A 68-year-old man with a history of anemia presented with a polypoid duodenal mass that was detected by CT and esophagogastroduodenoscopy. This mass showed high F-FDG avidity on PET/CT and was histopathologically confirmed as Brunner gland hyperplasia. We suggest that Brunner gland hyperplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of F-FDG-avid duodenal tumors. PMID:24686216

Park, Seol Hoon; Park, Kwang-Min; Kim, Jae Seung

2014-08-01

165

Materials science tools for regenerative medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Regenerative therapies originating from recent technological advances in biology could revolutionize medicine in the coming years. In particular, the advent of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), with their ability to become any cell in the adult body, has opened the door to an entirely new way of treating disease. However, currently these medical breakthroughs remain only a promise. To make them a reality, new tools must be developed to surmount the new technical hurdles that have arisen from dramatic departure from convention that this field represents. The collected work presented in this dissertation covers several projects that seek to apply the skills and knowledge of materials science to this tool synthesizing effort. The work is divided into three chapters. The first deals with our work to apply Raman spectroscopy, a tool widely used for materials characterization, to degeneration in cartilage. We have shown that Raman can effectively distinguish the matrix material of healthy and diseased tissue. The second area of work covered is the development of a new confocal image analysis for studying hPSC colonies that are chemical confined to uniform growth regions. This tool has important application in understanding the heterogeneity that may slow the development of hPSC -based treatment, as well as the use of such confinement in the eventually large-scale manufacture of hPSCs for therapeutic use. Third, the use of structural templating in tissue engineering scaffolds is detailed. We have utilized templating to tailor scaffold structures for engineering of constructs mimicking two tissues: cartilage and lung. The work described here represents several important early steps towards large goals in regenerative medicine. These tools show a great deal of potential for accelerating progress in this field that seems on the cusp of helping a great many people with otherwise incurable disease.

Richardson, Wade Nicholas

166

The TMI Regenerative Solid Oxide Fuel Cell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Energy storage and production in space requires rugged, reliable hardware which minimizes weight, volume, and maintenance while maximizing power output and usable energy storage. Systems generally consist of photovoltaic solar arrays which operate (during sunlight cycles) to provide system power and regenerate fuel (hydrogen) via water electrolysis and (during dark cycles) fuel cells convert hydrogen into electricity. Common configurations use two separate systems (fuel cell and electrolyzer) in conjunction with photovoltaic cells. Reliability, power to weight and power to volume ratios could be greatly improved if both power production (fuel cells) and power storage (electrolysis) functions can be integrated into a single unit. The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) based design integrates fuel cell and electrolyzer functions and potentially simplifies system requirements. The integrated fuel cell/electrolyzer design also utilizes innovative gas storage concepts and operates like a rechargeable 'hydrogen-oxygen battery'. Preliminary research has been completed on improved H2/H20 electrode (SOFC anode/electrolyzer cathode) materials for regenerative fuel cells. Tests have shown improved cell performance in both fuel and electrolysis modes in reversible fuel cell tests. Regenerative fuel cell efficiencies, ratio of power out (fuel cell mode) to power in (electrolyzer mode), improved from 50 percent using conventional electrode materials to over 80 percent. The new materials will allow a single SOFC system to operate as both the electolyzer and fuel cell. Preliminary system designs have also been developed to show the technical feasibility of using the design for space applications requiring high energy storage efficiencies and high specific energy. Small space systems also have potential for dual-use, terrestrial applications.

Cable, Thomas L.; Ruhl, Robert C.; Petrik, Michael

1996-01-01

167

Regenerative Blower for EVA Suit Ventilation Fan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Portable life support systems in future space suits will include a ventilation subsystem driven by a dedicated fan. This ventilation fan must meet challenging requirements for pressure rise, flow rate, efficiency, size, safety, and reliability. This paper describes research and development that showed the feasibility of a regenerative blower that is uniquely suited to meet these requirements. We proved feasibility through component tests, blower tests, and design analysis. Based on the requirements for the Constellation Space Suit ventilation fan, we designed the critical elements of the blower. We measured the effects of key design parameters on blower performance using separate effects tests, and used the results of these tests to design a regenerative blower that will meet the ventilation fan requirements. We assembled a proof-of-concept blower and measured its performance at low pressures that simulate a PLSS environment. We obtained head/flow performance curves over a range of operating speeds, identified the maximum efficiency point for the blower, and used these results to specify the design and operating conditions for the ventilation fan. We designed a compact motor that can drive the blower under all anticipated operating requirements and operate with high efficiency during normal operation. We identified materials for the blower that will enhance safety for operation in a lunar environment. We produced a solid model that illustrates the final design. The proof-of-concept blower produced the flow rate and pressure rise needed for the CSSS ventilation subsystem while running at 5400 rpm and consuming only 9 W of electric power and using a non-optimized, commercial motor and controller and inefficient bearings. Scaling the test results to a complete design shows that a lightweight, compact, reliable, and low power blower can meet the performance requirements for future PLSSs.

Paul, Heather; Izenson, Mike; Chen, Weibo

2008-01-01

168

Power Management in Regenerative Life Support Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Effective management of power can reduce the cost of launch and operation of regenerative life support systems. Variations in power may be quite severe and may manifest as surges or spikes, While the power plant may have some ability to deal with these variations, with batteries for example, over-capacity is expensive and does nothing to address the fundamental issue of excessive demand. Because the power unit must be sized to accommodate the largest demand, avoiding power spikes has the potential to reduce the required size of the power plant while at the same time increasing the dependability of the system. Scheduling of processors can help to reduce potential power spikes. However, not all power-consuming equipment is easily scheduled. Therefore, active power management is needed to further decrease the risk of surges or spikes. We investigate the use of a hierarchical scheme to actively manage power for a model of a regenerative life support system. Local level controllers individually determine subsystem power usage. A higher level controller monitors overall system power and detects surges or spikes. When a surge condition is detected, the higher level controller conducts an 'auction' and describes subsystem power usage to re-allocate power. The result is an overall reduction in total power during a power surge. The auction involves each subsystem making a 'bid' to buy or sell power based on local needs. However, this re-allocation cannot come at the expense of life support function. To this end, participation in the auction is restricted to those processes meeting certain tolerance constraints. These tolerances represent acceptable limits within which system processes can be operated. We present a simulation model and discuss some of our results.

Crawford, Sekou; Pawlowski, Christopher; Finn, Cory; Mead, Susan C. (Technical Monitor)

1999-01-01

169

Heat cascading regenerative sorption heat pump  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simple heat cascading regenerative sorption heat pump process with rejected or waste heat from a higher temperature chemisorption circuit (HTCC) powering a lower temperature physisorption circuit (LTPC) which provides a 30% total improvement over simple regenerative physisorption compression heat pumps when ammonia is both the chemisorbate and physisorbate, and a total improvement of 50% or more for LTPC having two pressure stages. The HTCC contains ammonia and a chemisorbent therefor contained in a plurality of canisters, a condenser-evaporator-radiator system, and a heater, operatively connected together. The LTPC contains ammonia and a physisorbent therefor contained in a plurality of compressors, a condenser-evaporator-radiator system, operatively connected together. A closed heat transfer circuit (CHTC) is provided which contains a flowing heat transfer liquid (FHTL) in thermal communication with each canister and each compressor for cascading heat from the HTCC to the LTPC. Heat is regenerated within the LTPC by transferring heat from one compressor to another. In one embodiment the regeneration is performed by another CHTC containing another FHTL in thermal communication with each compressor. In another embodiment the HTCC powers a lower temperature ammonia water absorption circuit (LTAWAC) which contains a generator-absorber system containing the absorbent, and a condenser-evaporator-radiator system, operatively connected together. The absorbent is water or an absorbent aqueous solution. A CHTC is provided which contains a FHTL in thermal communication with the generator for cascading heat from the HTCC to the LTAWAC. Heat is regenerated within the LTAWAC by transferring heat from the generator to the absorber. The chemical composition of the chemisorbent is different than the chemical composition of the physisorbent, and the absorbent. The chemical composition of the FHTL is different than the chemisorbent, the physisorbent, the absorbent, and ammonia.

Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

1995-01-01

170

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOEpatents

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more road wheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the road wheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the road wheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded. 8 figs.

Davis, R.I.

1990-10-16

171

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOEpatents

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.

Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1990-01-01

172

Angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia with amyloidosis.  

PubMed Central

Two cases of angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia are described, one of the solitary plasma cell type the other of the multicentric hyaline vascular type. Both cases illustrate the wide ranging clinical and pathological findings associated with this condition but both also have unusual features. The solitary plasma cell lesion had an exceptional 32 year clinical history and was associated with systemic amyloidosis of AL type. The multicentric hyaline vascular case was associated with coexistent multiple myeloma and amyloid deposition also of AL type. These cases are presented with a review of the relevant literature. Images Figure 1 Figure 2

West, K. P.; Morgan, D. R.; Lauder, I.

1989-01-01

173

Molecular genetics of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

More than 95% of cases of congenital adrenal hyperplasia are attributable to steroid 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) deficiency. In normal individuals, there are usually two 21-OH genes on each chromosome 6, a functional 21-OH gene-CYP21B-and a closely related 21-OH pseudogene-CYP21A-which is defective in expression. Recent advances have shown that the pathologic mutations that contribute to 21-OH deficiency arise as a consequence of unequal crossover and gene conversion-like mechanisms that involve sequence interaction between the normally functional 21-OH gene and its pseudogene. PMID:18411093

Strachan, T

1989-01-01

174

[Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver].  

PubMed

Among the benign liver tumours particularly the focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) increased its importance. Within 10 years we could observe 28 patients with the lesion. Macroscopically the nodular changes show extremely characteristic findings. The histological picture reminds us of cirrhosis, the prevailing presence in women and the clinical recognition mostly at reproductive age let us think of a hormonal action in development and growth of the lesion. The same concerns the use of hormonal contraceptive drugs. Differential-diagnostically particularly malignant processes are to be demarcated. Though the danger of a haemorrhage with formation of a haemoperitoneum is insignificant, in the individual case a surgical approach should be taken into consideration. PMID:2545053

Mölleken, K

1989-04-01

175

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this project is to confirm on a well-instrumented prototype the theoretically derived claims of higher efficiency and coefficient of performance for geothermal heat pumps based on a new regenerative thermodynamic cycle as comparing to existing technology. In order to demonstrate the improved performance of the prototype, it will be compared to published parameters of commercially available geothermal heat pumps manufactured by US and foreign companies. Other objectives are to optimize the design parameters and to determine the economic viability of the new technology. Background (as stated in the proposal): The proposed technology closely relates to EERE mission by improving energy efficiency, bringing clean, reliable and affordable heating and cooling to the residential and commercial buildings and reducing greenhouse gases emission. It can provide the same amount of heating and cooling with considerably less use of electrical energy and consequently has a potential of reducing our nations dependence on foreign oil. The theoretical basis for the proposed thermodynamic cycle was previously developed and was originally called a dynamic equilibrium method. This theory considers the dynamic equations of state of the working fluid and proposes the methods for modification of T-S trajectories of adiabatic transformation by changing dynamic properties of gas, such as flow rate, speed and acceleration. The substance of this proposal is a thermodynamic cycle characterized by the regenerative use of the potential energy of two-phase flow expansion, which in traditional systems is lost in expansion valves. The essential new features of the process are: (1) The application of two-step throttling of the working fluid and two-step compression of its vapor phase. (2) Use of a compressor as the initial step compression and a jet device as a second step, where throttling and compression are combined. (3) Controlled ratio of a working fluid at the first and second step of compression. In the proposed system, the compressor compresses the vapor only to 50-60% of the final pressure, while the additional compression is provided by a jet device using internal potential energy of the working fluid flow. Therefore, the amount of mechanical energy required by a compressor is significantly reduced, resulting in the increase of efficiency (either COP or EER). The novelty of the cycle is in the equipment and in the way the multi-staging is accomplished. The anticipated result will be a new refrigeration system that requires less energy to accomplish a cooling task. The application of this technology will be for more efficient designs of: (1) Industrial chillers, (2) Refrigeration plants, (3) Heat pumps, (4) Gas Liquefaction plants, (5) Cryogenic systems.

Mark J. Bergander

2005-08-29

176

Clinical and Imaging Findings of True Hemifacial Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Congenital hemifacial hyperplasia is a rare developmental disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by a marked unilateral facial asymmetry. It involves the hard (bones and teeth) and soft tissues of the face. We report an interesting case of true hemifacial hyperplasia in a 25-year-old male highlighting the clinical and computed tomography imaging findings.

Bhuta, Bansari A.; Desai, Rajiv S.; Bansal, Shivani P.; Chemburkar, Vipul V.; Dev, Prashant V.

2013-01-01

177

Rebound thymic hyperplasia five years after chemotherapy for Wilms' tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rebound thymic hyperplasia following chemotherapy is well documented, usually occurring within the first year. A delayed presentation makes distinction from an anterior mediastinal mass problematic in view of the increased risk of a second primary malignancy in pediatric cancer survivors. An unusual case of rebound thymic hyperplasia is described, presenting five years after completion of chemotherapy for Wilms' tumors.

J. Chertoff; R. A. Barth; J. D. Dickerman

1991-01-01

178

Prenatal Diagnosis and Treatment of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a group of inherited disorders caused by an enzyme deficiency in steroid biosynthesis. The most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is 21-hydroxylase deficiency, which in its severe form can cause genital ambiguity in females. Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency can be diagnosed in utero through molecular genetic analysis of fetal DNA. Prenatal treatment successfully reduces genital ambiguity,

Saroj Nimkarn; Maria I. New

2007-01-01

179

Regenerative Flywheel Energy Storage System. Volume I. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the development, fabrication, and test of a regenerative flywheel energy storage and recovery system for a battery/flywheel electric vehicle of the 3000-pound class. The vehicle propulsion system was simulated on a digital computer i...

1980-01-01

180

Vehicular hydrogen storage using lightweight tanks (regenerative fuel cell systems).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Energy storage systems with extremely high specific energy (greater than 400 Wh/kg) have been designed that use lightweight tankage to contain the gases generated by reversible (unitized) regenerative fuel cells (URFCs). Lawrence Livermore National Labora...

F. Mitlitsky B. Myers A. H. Weisberg

1999-01-01

181

Preventing Vision Loss from Blast Injuries with Regenerative Biomaterial.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seryx Biomedical, Inc., in collaboration with the Weill Cornell Medical College is developing a novel regenerative biomaterial derived from the silk protein fibroin from the Bombyx mori silkworm. This will be the first ophthalmic product that utilizes reg...

B. D. Lawrence

2013-01-01

182

Regenerative fuel cell combines high efficiency with low cost  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hydrogen/oxygen regenerative fuel cell stores electrical energy efficiently and inexpensively. The fuel cell has a high energy-to-weight ratio, and is adapted for a large number of cycles with deep discharge.

Doyle, H.; Frank, H.; Stephens, C. W.

1965-01-01

183

3. INSIDE BATCH FURNACE BUILDING, VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT REGENERATIVE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. INSIDE BATCH FURNACE BUILDING, VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT REGENERATIVE BATCH FURNACES ON LEFT AND 5 TON CAPACITY CHARGING MACHINE ON RIGHT. - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, 22-Inch Bar Mill, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

184

Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine: Clinical Trials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

AFIRM Mission: To provide cutting-edge medical capabilities to heal and reset our warriors who have catastrophic traumatic injuries and disabilities. Discover, develop, and translate regenerative medicine technologies having both near term and far-term tr...

T. Irgens

2011-01-01

185

Science and Ethics: Bridge to the Future for Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

The objective of this article is to reflect on the relationship between regenerative medicine and ethics, using as references the Aristotelian concept of what is ethical and that of Raessler Van Potter about bioethics. To do this, I will briefly describe the advances in regenerative medicine with stem cells, the strategies for producing pluripotential cells without destroying human embryos, and the great potential of stem cells to improve life for Humanity, noting that for this to be possible, it is necessary to locate the role of regenerative medicine in the context of human values and well being. In this way, this article has a real perspective of the role that regenerative medicine can play in benefitting human beings and engendering respect for human and natural environments.

Patricio, Ventura-Junca

2011-01-01

186

Status of the Regenerative ECLS Water Recovery System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The regenerative Water Recovery System (WRS) has completed its first full year of operation on the International Space Station (ISS). The major assemblies included in this system are the Water Processor Assembly (WPA) and Urine Processor Assembly (UPA). T...

D. L. Carter

2010-01-01

187

Regenerative control of active vibration damper and suspension systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new energy regenerative type vibration damper and suspension systems are introduced. It is intended for active damper to reduce energy consumption without losing damping efficiency. An electro-dynamic actuator is used for the regenerative damper. The electric energy is regenerated during the high-speed motion of the actuator. For low-speed motion, an active or passive control algorithm is applied to the

Yohji Okada; Hideyuki Harada

1996-01-01

188

Optimal Design of Non-Regenerative MIMO Wireless Relays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a multiple-antenna source and a multiple-antenna destination, a multiple-antenna relay between the source and the destination is desirable under useful circumstances. A non-regenerative multiple-antenna relay, also called non-regenerative MIMO (multi-input multi-output) relay, is designed to optimize the capacity between the source and the destination. Without a direct link between the source and the destination, the optimal canonical coordinates of

Xiaojun Tang; Yingbo Hua

2007-01-01

189

Self-regenerative field emission source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A self-regenerative field emission source was demonstrated. The emission source (cathode) consisted of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) grown on the tip of conical carbon protrusions on a graphite plate. CNFs were ~25 nm in diameter, 0.3-2.5 ?m in length and ~1×106 mm-2 in site density. Initial emission characteristics showed a threshold field of 3.05 V/?m with a current density of 1 ?A/cm2 and a field enhancement factor of 2860 from the Fowler-Nordheim plot assuming the work function of 4.6 eV for graphite. A lifetime test carried out for more than 40 h at a constant applied electric field of 10 V/?m in 10-4 Pa region disclosed a stable emission with a current density of 1.7-3.0×10-4 A/cm2 after a slight initial decrease in the emission current. Detailed morphological observations revealed that a thick layer of newly grown carbon fibers was formed on the cathode surface after the lifetime test which could be responsible for the observed stable and long-sustained emission under a nonultrahigh vacuum condition. Their growth was attributed to the surface diffusion of carbon atoms generated by sputtering of the carbon cathode with ionized residual gas molecules during the field emission process. Thus, the CNF-tipped carbon emitter was believed to be promising as a practical field electron emission source used under low vacuum.

Tanemura, Masaki; Tanaka, J.; Itoh, K.; Okita, T.; Miao, L.; Tanemura, S.; Lau, S. P.; Huang, L.; Agawa, Y.; Kitazawa, M.

2005-11-01

190

New biomimetic directions in regenerative ophthalmology.  

PubMed

One of the most complete and permanent ways of treating many causes of visual impairment and blindness is to replace the entire affected tissue with pre-cultured ocular tissues supported and maintained on biomaterial frameworks. One direction towards enhancing ocular tissue regeneration on biomaterials, in the laboratory is by applying biomimicry. Specifically to engineer biomaterials with important functional elements of the native extracellular matrices, such as topography, that support and organise cells into coherent tissues. Further problems in regenerative ophthalmology can be potentially solved through application of biomimicry. They include, more efficient ways of moving and transplanting cultivated tissues into correct therapeutic locations inside the eye and scar-less, non-destructive healing of surgical incisions and wounds, to repair structural integrity of tissues at the ocular surface. Two examples are given to show this potential for redeveloping an ocular epithelium onto a nanostructured insect wing surface and producing an origami membrane modelled on deployable structures in nature. Efforts to harness natural innovation will eventually provide unique designs and structures that cannot for now be made synthetically, for regeneration of clinically acceptable ocular tissues. PMID:23184716

Green, David W; Watson, Gregory S; Watson, Jolanta; Abraham, Samuel J K

2012-03-01

191

High power, high beam quality regenerative amplifier  

DOEpatents

A regenerative laser amplifier system generates high peak power and high energy per pulse output beams enabling generation of X-rays used in X-ray lithography for manufacturing integrated circuits. The laser amplifier includes a ring shaped optical path with a limited number of components including a polarizer, a passive 90 degree phase rotator, a plurality of mirrors, a relay telescope, and a gain medium, the components being placed close to the image plane of the relay telescope to reduce diffraction or phase perturbations in order to limit high peak intensity spiking. In the ring, the beam makes two passes through the gain medium for each transit of the optical path to increase the amplifier gain to loss ratio. A beam input into the ring makes two passes around the ring, is diverted into an SBS phase conjugator and proceeds out of the SBS phase conjugator back through the ring in an equal but opposite direction for two passes, further reducing phase perturbations. A master oscillator inputs the beam through an isolation cell (Faraday or Pockels) which transmits the beam into the ring without polarization rotation. The isolation cell rotates polarization only in beams proceeding out of the ring to direct the beams out of the amplifier. The diffraction limited quality of the input beam is preserved in the amplifier so that a high power output beam having nearly the same diffraction limited quality is produced.

Hackel, L.A.; Dane, C.B.

1993-08-24

192

High power, high beam quality regenerative amplifier  

DOEpatents

A regenerative laser amplifier system generates high peak power and high energy per pulse output beams enabling generation of X-rays used in X-ray lithography for manufacturing integrated circuits. The laser amplifier includes a ring shaped optical path with a limited number of components including a polarizer, a passive 90 degree phase rotator, a plurality of mirrors, a relay telescope, and a gain medium, the components being placed close to the image plane of the relay telescope to reduce diffraction or phase perturbations in order to limit high peak intensity spiking. In the ring, the beam makes two passes through the gain medium for each transit of the optical path to increase the amplifier gain to loss ratio. A beam input into the ring makes two passes around the ring, is diverted into an SBS phase conjugator and proceeds out of the SBS phase conjugator back through the ring in an equal but opposite direction for two passes, further reducing phase perturbations. A master oscillator inputs the beam through an isolation cell (Faraday or Pockels) which transmits the beam into the ring without polarization rotation. The isolation cell rotates polarization only in beams proceeding out of the ring to direct the beams out of the amplifier. The diffraction limited quality of the input beam is preserved in the amplifier so that a high power output beam having nearly the same diffraction limited quality is produced.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA; Dane, Clifford B. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA

1993-01-01

193

Mesenchymal dental stem cells in regenerative dentistry.  

PubMed

In the last decade, tissue engineering is a field that has been suffering an enormous expansion in the regenerative medicine and dentistry. The use of cells as mesenchymal dental stem cells of easy access for dentist and oral surgeon, immunosuppressive properties, high proliferation and capacity to differentiate into odontoblasts, cementoblasts, osteoblasts and other cells implicated in the teeth, suppose a good perspective of future in the clinical dentistry. However, is necessary advance in the known of growth factors and signalling molecules implicated in tooth development and regeneration of different structures of teeth. Furthermore, these cells need a fabulous scaffold that facility their integration, differentiation, matrix synthesis and promote multiple specific interactions between cells. In this review, we give a brief description of tooth development and anatomy, definition and classification of stem cells, with special attention of mesenchymal stem cells, commonly used in the cellular therapy for their trasdifferentiation ability, non ethical problems and acceptable results in preliminary clinical trials. In terms of tissue engineering, we provide an overview of different types of mesenchymal stem cells that have been isolated from teeth, including dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), dental follicle progenitor stem cells (DFPCs), and stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs), growth factors implicated in regeneration teeth and types of scaffolds for dental tissue regeneration. PMID:22926467

Rodríguez-Lozano, Francisco-Javier; Insausti, Carmen-Luisa; Iniesta, Francisca; Blanquer, Miguel; Ramírez, María-del-Carmen; Meseguer, Luis; Meseguer-Henarejos, Ana-Belén; Marín, Noemí; Martínez, Salvador; Moraleda, José-María

2012-11-01

194

Bioactive nanofibrous scaffolds for regenerative endodontics.  

PubMed

Here we report the synthesis, materials characterization, antimicrobial capacity, and cytocompatibility of novel antibiotic-containing scaffolds. Metronidazole (MET) or Ciprofloxacin/(CIP) was mixed with a polydioxanone (PDS)polymer solution at 5 and 25 wt% and processed into fibers. PDS fibers served as a control. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), tensile testing, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to assess fiber morphology, chemical structure, mechanical properties, and drug release, respectively. Antimicrobial properties were evaluated against those of Porphyromonas gingivalis/Pg and Enterococcus faecalis/Ef. Cytotoxicity was assessed in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). Statistics were performed, and significance was set at the 5% level. SEM imaging revealed a submicron fiber diameter. FTIR confirmed antibiotic incorporation. The tensile values of hydrated 25 wt% CIP scaffold were significantly lower than those of all other groups. Analysis of HPLC data confirmed gradual, sustained drug release from the scaffolds over 48 hrs. CIP-containing scaffolds significantly (p < .00001) inhibited biofilm growth of both bacteria. Conversely, MET-containing scaffolds inhibited only Pg growth. Agar diffusion confirmed the antimicrobial properties against specific bacteria for the antibiotic-containing scaffolds. Only the 25 wt% CIP-containing scaffolds were cytotoxic. Collectively, this study suggests that polymer-based antibiotic-containing electrospun scaffolds could function as a biologically safe antimicrobial drug delivery system for regenerative endodontics. PMID:24056225

Bottino, M C; Kamocki, K; Yassen, G H; Platt, J A; Vail, M M; Ehrlich, Y; Spolnik, K J; Gregory, R L

2013-11-01

195

REGENERATIVE MEDICINE AS APPLIED TO GENERAL SURGERY  

PubMed Central

The present review illustrates the state of the art of regenerative medicine (RM) as applied to surgical diseases and demonstrates that this field has the potential to address some of the unmet needs in surgery. RM is a multidisciplinary field whose purpose is to regenerate in vivo or ex vivo human cells, tissues or organs in order to restore or establish normal function through exploitation of the potential to regenerate, which is intrinsic to human cells, tissues and organs. RM uses cells and/or specially designed biomaterials to reach its goals and RM-based therapies are already in use in several clinical trials in most fields of surgery. The main challenges for investigators are threefold: Creation of an appropriate microenvironment ex vivo that is able to sustain cell physiology and function in order to generate the desired cells or body parts; identification and appropriate manipulation of cells that have the potential to generate parenchymal, stromal and vascular components on demand, both in vivo and ex vivo; and production of smart materials that are able to drive cell fate.

Orlando, Giuseppe; Wood, Kathryn J; De Coppi, Paolo; Baptista, Pedro M; Binder, Kyle W; Bitar, Khalil N; Breuer, Christopher; Burnett, Luke; Christ, George; Farney, Alan; Figliuzzi, Marina; Holmes, James H; Koch, Kenneth; Macchiarini, Paolo; Sani, Sayed-Hadi Mirmalek; Opara, Emmanuel; Remuzzi, Andrea; Rogers, Jeffrey; Saul, Justin M; Seliktar, Dror; Shapira-Schweitzer, Keren; Smith, Tom; Solomon, Daniel; Van Dyke, Mark; Yoo, James J; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Atala, Anthony; Stratta, Robert J; Soker, Shay

2012-01-01

196

Airway transplantation: a challenge for regenerative medicine  

PubMed Central

After more than 50 years of research, airway transplantation remains a major challenge in the fields of thoracic surgery and regenerative medicine. Five principal types of tracheobronchial substitutes, including synthetic prostheses, bioprostheses, allografts, autografts and bioengineered conduits have been evaluated experimentally in numerous studies. However, none of these works have provided a standardized technique for the replacement of the airways. More recently, few clinical attempts have offered encouraging results with ex vivo or stem cell–based engineered airways and tracheal allografts implanted after heterotopic revascularization. In 1997, we proposed a novel approach: the use of aortic grafts as a biological matrix for extensive airway reconstruction. In vivo regeneration of epithelium and cartilage were demonstrated in animal models. This led to the first human applications using cryopreserved aortic allografts that present key advantages because they are available in tissue banks and do not require immunosuppressive therapy. Favorable results obtained in pioneering cases have to be confirmed in larger series of patients with extensive tracheobronchial diseases.

2013-01-01

197

Airway transplantation: a challenge for regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

After more than 50 years of research, airway transplantation remains a major challenge in the fields of thoracic surgery and regenerative medicine. Five principal types of tracheobronchial substitutes, including synthetic prostheses, bioprostheses, allografts, autografts and bioengineered conduits have been evaluated experimentally in numerous studies. However, none of these works have provided a standardized technique for the replacement of the airways. More recently, few clinical attempts have offered encouraging results with ex vivo or stem cell-based engineered airways and tracheal allografts implanted after heterotopic revascularization. In 1997, we proposed a novel approach: the use of aortic grafts as a biological matrix for extensive airway reconstruction. In vivo regeneration of epithelium and cartilage were demonstrated in animal models. This led to the first human applications using cryopreserved aortic allografts that present key advantages because they are available in tissue banks and do not require immunosuppressive therapy. Favorable results obtained in pioneering cases have to be confirmed in larger series of patients with extensive tracheobronchial diseases. PMID:24059453

Martinod, Emmanuel; Seguin, Agathe; Radu, Dana M; Boddaert, Guillaume; Chouahnia, Kader; Fialaire-Legendre, Anne; Dutau, Hervé; Vénissac, Nicolas; Marquette, Charles-Hugo; Baillard, Christophe; Valeyre, Dominique; Carpentier, Alain

2013-01-01

198

The pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Development of prostatic hyperplasia is an almost universal feature of the aging man and dog, and in both species the process develops only in males with intact testes. As the result of studies of plasma hormone levels as a function of age, measurements of the concentration of androgen and of androgen receptor proteins within the prostate, and studies of the effects of the administration of various hormones on growth of the prostate in the castrated dog, it is possible to provide a working hypothesis as to the pathogenesis. Dihydrotestosterone accumulation within the gland serves as the hormonal mediator for the hyperplasia in both species; the accumulation probably occurs in part because of decreased catabolism of the molecule and in part because of enhanced intracellular binding of the molecule. The process is accelerated by estrogen, which enhances the level of the androgen receptor in the gland; increase in the androgen receptor allows for androgen-mediated growth even in the face of declining androgen production in advanced age. On theoretic grounds the therapeutic implications of this model are exciting; several potential medical treatments may be feasible that do not involve a chemical castration. PMID:6155068

Wilson, J D

1980-05-01

199

Laparoscopic Partial Hepatectomy of Focal Nodular Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Focal nodular hyperplasia is a benign liver lesion incidentally discovered with increasing frequency because of the proliferation of imaging studies. Radiographic characterization can diagnose this pathologic lesion and nonoperative therapy is the standard of care. However, surgical resection may be required for diagnostic reasons or symptomatic patients. Depending on the anatomic location of the lesion, biopsy and/or resection can be performed laparoscopically. We herein report the case of a 26-year-old Japanese woman with a hepatic tumor who required a medical examination. Her medical history was negative for alcohol abuse, oral contraceptive administration and trauma. Clinical examination showed no significant symptoms. Ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass located in the left lateral segment of the liver with a diameter of about 40 mm. It was difficult to diagnose the tumor definitively from these imaging studies, so we performed laparoscopic partial hepatectomy with successive firing of endoscopic staplers. The histopathological diagnosis was focal nodular hyperplasia. Surgical procedures and postoperative course were uneventful and the patient was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 5.

Sakata, Mayu; Syoji, Tsuyoshi; Nishiyama, Raisuke; Taniguchi, Masami; Yamazaki, Masanori; Higashi, Yukihiro; Suzuki, Kunihito; Kawamura, Takahumi; Yonekawa, Hajime; Maruo, Hirotoshi

2012-01-01

200

Management of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia in Childhood  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) can present management challenges to the pediatric clinician. Glucocorticoid replacement remains the cornerstone of treatment; however, there are new formulations and delivery mechanisms being studied. Clinicians continue to discuss the optimal treatment of patients from the prenatal stage, through infancy to adulthood. As well, the role of genetics in the clinical care of patients with CAH, and screening for complications, remain topics of discussion. This review will highlight advances made in the past year, as they pertain to the management of pediatric patients with CAH. Recent findings This article covers recent studies pertaining to optimal medication regimens, including prenatal dexamethasone treatment; medication delivery; monitoring of hormonal control; and the role of genotyping and genetics in the management of children with CAH. Summary Much remains to be learned about the optimal management of children with CAH, including fludrocortisone replacement in simple-virilizing patients, frequency of and specific monitoring strategies (e.g., electrolytes, bone age, etc.), catecholamine status, stress-dosing in non-classical adrenal hyperplasia, and early screening for complications or metabolic sequelae. Further randomized, prospective studies are needed to address these issues.

Kim, Mimi S.; Ryabets-Lienhard, Anna; Geffner, Mitchell E.

2013-01-01

201

Correlation of the carcinogenic potential of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) with induced hyperplasia rather than with genotoxic activity.  

PubMed

It has been reported that in a long-term feeding study 12,000 ppm of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) in the diet produced hepatocellular carcinomas in male and female F-344 rats while 6000 ppm DEHP produced the same tumor type in male and female B6C3F1 mice. In terms of the actual numbers of animals with tumors DEHP produced a greater response in mice than rats. DEHP and its principal hydrolysis product, mono(2-ethylhexyl)phtalate (MEHP) produce multiple effects in the animal such as liver peroxisomal proliferation and hyperplasia. Accordingly, genotoxicity as DNA repair or unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) and cell replication as the percentage of cells undergoing scheduled DNA synthesis (SDS or S phase) were determined in mouse hepatocytes in vitro and in vivo in response to DEHP and MEHP. UDS and SDS were determined by autoradiographic quantitation of [3H]-thymidine incorporation in primary hepatocyte cultures treated directly or isolated from B6C3F1 male mice treated in vivo. No DNA repair was observed in mouse hepatocyte cultures treated with up to 1.0 mM DEHP or 0.5 mM MEHP. No DNA repair was observed in cultures from mice treated with up to 500 mg/kg DEHP 12, 24 or 48 h previously or from animals treated up to 28 days with 6000 ppm DEHP in the diet. At 24 h following treatment with 500 mg/kg DEHP, 3.1% of the hepatocytes were in S phase compared to control values of 0.2%. Administration of DEHP in the diet at 6000 ppm produced 9.2% of the cells in S phase at day 7 with the value returning to control levels by day 14. On day 28 of the feeding study the liver to body weight ratios had almost doubled in the group treated with DEHP compared to controls. No increase in the liver-specific enzyme alanine aminotransferase was seen in the serum following treatment with 500 mg/kg DEHP, indicating that the hyperplasia was due to mitogenic stimulation rather than regenerative hyperplasia in response to cytotoxicity. Increases in the endpoints relating to hyperplasia in response to DEHP were greater in the mouse than those that have been reported in the rat. Thus, the carcinogenic response of DEHP correlates better with induced hyperplasia rather than with genotoxicity. PMID:3574334

Smith-Oliver, T; Butterworth, B E

1987-05-01

202

Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia tumor: a clinical, radiologic and pathologic study of 26 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia tumors are rare. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia tumors and compared histologic findings of pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia tumors with clinical outcome. We identified 26 patients (mean age, 47 years) with pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia tumors who had been diagnosed at our institution. Sixteen patients (62%) were premenopausal,

Marco Ferreira; Constance T Albarracin; Erika Resetkova

2008-01-01

203

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Treatment and outcomes  

PubMed Central

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) describes a group of autosomal recessive disorders where there is impairment of cortisol biosynthesis. CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency accounts for 95% of cases and shows a wide range of clinical severity. Glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid replacement therapies are the mainstays of treatment of CAH. The optimal treatment for adults with CAH continues to be a challenge. Important long-term health issues for adults with CAH affect both men and women. These issues may either be due to the disease or to steroid treatment and may affect final height, fertility, cardiometabolic risk, bone metabolism, neuro-cognitive development and the quality-of-life. Patients with CAH should be regularly followed-up from childhood to adulthood by multidisciplinary teams who have knowledge of CAH. Optimal replacement therapy, close clinical and laboratory monitoring, early life-style interventions, early and regular fertility assessment and continuous psychological management are needed to improve outcome.

Kamoun, Mahdi; Feki, Mouna Mnif; Sfar, Mohamed Habib; Abid, Mohamed

2013-01-01

204

Optimizing the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

One of the challenges facing primary care physicians and specialists as the population ages is the management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). While as many as 18% of men in their 40s report bother from an enlarged prostate, that figure rises dramatically, whereby 50% of men in their 50s and 90% of men in their 90s will complain of bothersome symptoms related to an enlarged prostate. Studies have shown that BPH is a progressive disease, which if left untreated can result in worsening of symptoms, acute urinary retention and renal failure. Until about 20 years ago the only management option available to urologists was surgery. In the early 1990s medical therapy emerged as the predominant treatment for BPH. Therapy may be tailored to target symptoms and progression of disease.

Elterman, Dean S.; Kaplan, Steven A.

2012-01-01

205

Microwave Treatment of Prostate Cancer and Hyperplasia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Microwave ablation in the form of microwave energy applied to a heart muscle by a coaxial catheter inserted in a vein in the groin area can be used to heat and kill diseased heart cells. A microwave catheter has been developed to provide deep myocardial ablation to treat ventricular tachycardia by restoring appropriate electrical activity within the heart and eliminating irregular heartbeats. The resulting microwave catheter design, which is now being developed for commercial use in treating ventricular tachycardia, can be modified to treat prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Inasmuch as the occurrence of BPH is increasing currently 350,000 operations per year are performed in the United States alone to treat this condition this microwave catheter has significant commercial potential.

Arndt, G. Dickey; Ngo, Phong; Carl, J. R.; Raffoul, George

2005-01-01

206

Molecular genetics of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia results from a deficiency in any of the five enzymes necessary to synthesize cortisol from cholesterol: cholesterol desmolase (P450scc), 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3 beta-HSD), 17-hydroxylase (P450c17), 21-hydroxylase (P450c21) and 11-hydroxylase (P450c11). P450scc and P450c11 are structurally-related mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzymes, whereas P450c17 and P450c21 are microsomal enzymes. The P450scc gene, CYP11A, is located on chromosome 15, and the P450c17 gene, CYP17, is on chromosome 10. The P450c21 gene, CYP21B, and a pseudogene, CYP21A, are located in the HLA major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 6p, while the P450c11 gene, CYP11B, is on chromosome 8q along with a second related gene of unknown function. Thus, despite common regulation by ACTH, there is no clustering of the genes for steroidogenic enzymes. CYP11A and CYP11B have an identical intron-exon organization, and CYP17 and CYP21B have similar gene structures, but the two pairs of genes encoding mitochondrial and microsomal P450 enzymes resemble each other poorly. More than 90% of cases of congenital adrenal hyperplasia result from 21-hydroxylase deficiency, and most of the remainder are caused by 11-hydroxylase deficiency. About one-quarter of 21-hydroxylase deficiency alleles are associated with a deletion of all or part of CYP21B. Most of the remaining mutant alleles result from transfers of deleterious mutations from the CYP21A pseudogene to CYP21B, a process termed gene conversion. These mechanisms provide an explanation for the relatively high frequency of 21-hydroxylase deficiency. The clinical severity of various forms of 21-hydroxylase deficiency may be roughly correlated with particular mutations. PMID:3077248

White, P C; New, M I

1988-11-01

207

Oral contraceptives and focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver.  

PubMed

A variety of benign liver tumors associated with the use of oral contraceptives has been described. However, there is controversy regarding the possible relation of focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver to oral contraceptive therapy. Over a ten-year period at the Soroka Medical Center, two young women were found to have hepatic tumors diagnosed as focal nodular hyperplasia. In both cases the hepatic nodules were an incidental finding at laparotomy and were thought to be metastatic tumors. The clinical and pathological findings in both cases are reported. The features of focal nodular hyperplasia and its possible relation to oral contraceptive use is discussed. PMID:3223780

Hagay, Z J; Leiberman, R J; Katz, M; Witznitzer, A

1988-01-01

208

A Case of Lipoid Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Presenting with Cholestasis  

PubMed Central

Background Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia, is the rarest and usually the most severe form of adrenal steroidogenic defect,which may presents as infantile cholestasis. Case Presentation Here we present a 45 days old infant who came to our attention with cholestasis and severe intractable vomiting and electrolyte disturbances. Evaluation resulted in diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Hydrocortisone and flodrocortisone improved the symptoms including jaundice and vomiting. Hyponatremia and hyperkalemia also resolved with above mentioned treatment. Conclusion Congenital adrenal hyperplasia as one of the causes of neonatal cholestasis should be kept in mind, whenever there are also electrolytes abnormalities.

Khodadad, Ahmad; Modaresi, Vajiheh; Kiani, Mohammad-Ali; Rabani, Ali; Pakseresht, Bahar

2011-01-01

209

Regenerative Endodontics: Barriers and Strategies for Clinical Translation  

PubMed Central

SYNOPSIS Despite a great deal of enthusiasm and effort, regenerative endodontics has encountered substantial challenges towards clinical translation. Recent adoption by the American Dental Association (ADA) of evoked pulp bleeding in immature permanent teeth is an important step for regenerative endodontics. However, there is no regenerative therapy for the majority of endodontic diseases. Simple recapitulation of cell therapy and tissue engineering strategies that are under development for other organ systems has not led to clinical translation in regeneration endodontics. Dental pulp stem cells may appear to be a priori choice for dental pulp regeneration. However, dental pulp stem cells may not be available in a patient who is in need of pulp regeneration. Even if dental pulp stem cells are available autologously or perhaps allogeneically, one must address a multitude of scientific, regulatory and commercialization barriers, and unless these issues are resolved, transplantation of dental pulp stem cells will remain a scientific exercise, rather than a clinical reality. Recent work using novel biomaterial scaffolds and growth factors that orchestrate the homing of host endogenous cells represents a departure from traditional cell transplantation approaches and may accelerate clinical translation. Given the functions and scale of dental pulp and dentin, regenerative endodontics is poised to become one of the early biological solutions in regenerative dental medicine.

Kim, Sahng G.; Zhou, Jian; Ye, Ling; Cho, Shoko; Suzuki, Takahiro; Fu, Susan Y.; Yang, Rujing; Zhou, Xuedong; Mao, Jeremy J.

2014-01-01

210

TOPICAL REVIEW: Cell and biomolecule delivery for regenerative medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Regenerative medicine is an exciting field that aims to create regenerative alternatives to harvest tissues for transplantation. In this approach, the delivery of cells and biological molecules plays a central role. The scaffold (synthetic temporary extracellular matrix) delivers cells to the regenerative site and provides three-dimensional environments for the cells. To fulfil these functions, we design biodegradable polymer scaffolds with structural features on multiple size scales. To enhance positive cell-material interactions, we design nano-sized structural features in the scaffolds to mimic the natural extracellular matrix. We also integrate micro-sized pore networks to facilitate mass transport and neo tissue regeneration. We also design novel polymer devices and self-assembled nanospheres for biomolecule delivery to recapitulate key events in developmental and wound healing processes. Herein, we present recent work in biomedical polymer synthesis, novel processing techniques, surface engineering and biologic delivery. Examples of enhanced cellular/tissue function and regenerative outcomes of these approaches are discussed to demonstrate the excitement of the biomimetic scaffold design and biologic delivery in regenerative medicine.

Smith, Ian O.; Ma, Peter X.

2010-02-01

211

A novel unitized regenerative proton exchange membrane fuel cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A difficulty encountered in designing a unitized regenerative proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell lies in the incompatibility of electrode structures and electrocatalyst materials optimized for either of the two functions (fuel cell or electrolyzer) with the needs of the other function. This difficulty is compounded in previous regenerative fuel cell designs by the fact that water, which is needed for proton conduction in the PEM during both modes of operation, is the reactant supplied to the anode in the electrolyzer mode of operation and the product formed at the cathode in the fuel cell mode. Drawbacks associated with existing regenerative fuel cells have been addressed in work performed at Lynntech. In a first innovation, electrodes function either as oxidation electrodes (hydrogen ionization or oxygen evolution) or as reduction electrodes (oxygen reduction or hydrogen evolution) in the fuel cell and electrolyzer modes, respectively. Control of liquid water within the regenerative fuel cell has been brought about by a second innovation. A novel PEM has been developed with internal channels that permit the direct access of water along the length of the membrane. Lateral diffusion of water along the polymer chains of the PEM provides the water needed at electrode/PEM interfaces. Fabrication of the novel unitized regenerative fuel cell and results obtained on testing it will be presented.

Murphy, O. J.; Cisar, A. J.; Gonzalez-Martin, A.; Salinas, C. E.; Simpson, S. F.

1995-04-01

212

Repairing quite swimmingly: advances in regenerative medicine using zebrafish  

PubMed Central

Regenerative medicine has the promise to alleviate morbidity and mortality caused by organ dysfunction, longstanding injury and trauma. Although regenerative approaches for a few diseases have been highly successful, some organs either do not regenerate well or have no current treatment approach to harness their intrinsic regenerative potential. In this Review, we describe the modeling of human disease and tissue repair in zebrafish, through the discovery of disease-causing genes using classical forward-genetic screens and by modulating clinically relevant phenotypes through chemical genetic screening approaches. Furthermore, we present an overview of those organ systems that regenerate well in zebrafish in contrast to mammalian tissue, as well as those organs in which the regenerative potential is conserved from fish to mammals, enabling drug discovery in preclinical disease-relevant models. We provide two examples from our own work in which the clinical translation of zebrafish findings is either imminent or has already proven successful. The promising results in multiple organs suggest that further insight into regenerative mechanisms and novel clinically relevant therapeutic approaches will emerge from zebrafish research in the future.

Goessling, Wolfram; North, Trista E.

2014-01-01

213

A Novel Unitized Regenerative Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A difficulty encountered in designing a unitized regenerative proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell lies in the incompatibility of electrode structures and electrocatalyst materials optimized for either of the two functions (fuel cell or electrolyzer) with the needs of the other function. This difficulty is compounded in previous regenerative fuel cell designs by the fact that water, which is needed for proton conduction in the PEM during both modes of operation, is the reactant supplied to the anode in the electrolyzer mode of operation and the product formed at the cathode in the fuel cell mode. Drawbacks associated with existing regenerative fuel cells have been addressed. In a first innovation, electrodes function either as oxidation electrodes (hydrogen ionization or oxygen evolution) or as reduction electrodes (oxygen reduction or hydrogen evolution) in the fuel cell and electrolyzer modes, respectively. Control of liquid water within the regenerative fuel cell has been brought about by a second innovation. A novel PEM has been developed with internal channels that permit the direct access of water along the length of the membrane. Lateral diffusion of water along the polymer chains of the PEM provides the water needed at electrode/PEM interfaces. Fabrication of the novel single cell unitized regenerative fuel cell and results obtained on testing it are presented.

Murphy, O. J.; Cisar, A. J.; Gonzalez-Martin, A.; Salinas, C. E.; Simpson, S. F.

1996-01-01

214

BPH: Medical Management (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia /Enlarged Prostate)  

MedlinePLUS

... dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. BPH: Medical Management (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia /Enlarged Prostate) Throughout a man's ... can I get more information? BPH: Diagnosis BPH: Management BPH: Minimally Invasive Management BPH: Surgical Management Benign ...

215

What Are the Treatments for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)?  

MedlinePLUS

... What are the treatments for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content Treatments for CAH include medication and surgery as well as psychological ...

216

MX-INDUCED URINARY BLADDER EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA IN EKER RATS  

EPA Science Inventory

MX-INDUCED URINARY BLADDER EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA IN EKER RATS Epidemiological studies have shown a positive association between chronic exposure to chlorinated drinking water and human cancer, particularly of the urinary bladder. MX (3- chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydrox...

217

Temporal mode structure of a regenerative amplifier with intracavity etalons  

SciTech Connect

The effects of intracavity etalons on the temporal-mode structure of a regenerative amplifier are studied both theoretically and experimentally. The analysis predicts the temporal profile of the regenerative amplifier output pulse given the temporal profile of the input pulse, the laser-cavity parameters, the etalon parameters, and the number of round trips that the injected pulse makes in the laser cavity. Several experiments were performed. The output pulse width of a regenerative amplifier with a single etalon was measured as we varied the thickness of the etalon and the number of round trips that the injected pulse makes in the laser cavity. With two etalons an injected 70-ps pulse width was stretched to 7 ns with no temporal modulation. The thermal sensitivity of an intracavity etalon was analyzed and measured. All experimental results agree well with theory.

Skeldon, M.D.; Bui, S.T. (Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States))

1993-04-01

218

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOEpatents

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 10 figs.

Cikanek, S.R.

1995-09-12

219

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOEpatents

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1995-01-01

220

Regenerative nanomedicine and the treatment of degenerative retinal diseases.  

PubMed

Regenerative medicine deals with the repair or the replacement of tissues and organs using advanced materials and methodologies. Regenerative nanomedicine uses nanoparticles containing gene transcription factors and other modulating molecules that allow reprogramming of cells in vivo as well as nanomaterials to induce selective differentiation of neural progenitor cells and to create neural-mechanical interfaces. In this article, we consider some applications of nanotechnology that may be useful for the treatment of degenerative retinal diseases, for example, use of nanoparticles for drug and gene therapy, use of nanomaterials for neural interfaces and extracellular matrix construction for cell-based therapy and neural prosthetics, and the use of bionanotechnology to re-engineer proteins and cell behavior for regenerative medicine. PMID:22170869

Zarbin, Marco A; Montemagno, Carlo; Leary, James F; Ritch, Robert

2012-01-01

221

Prospects of induced pluripotent stem cell technology in regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are derived from adult somatic cells via reprogramming with ectopic expression of four transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, c-Myc and Klf4; or, Oct3/4, Sox2, Nanog, and Lin28), by which the resultant cells regain pluripotency, namely, the capability exclusively possessed by some embryonic cells to differentiate into any cell lineage under proper conditions. Given the ease in cell sourcing and a waiver of ethical opponency, iPS cells excel embryonic pluripotent cells in the practice of drug discovery and regenerative medicine. With an ex vivo practice in regenerative medicine, many problems involved in conventional medicine dosing, such as immune rejection, could be potentially circumvented. In this article, we briefly summarize the fundamentals and status quo of iPS-related applications, and emphasize the prospects of iPS technology in regenerative medicine. PMID:21210760

Zhang, Feng; Citra, Fudiman; Wang, Dong-An

2011-04-01

222

Clinical associations of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) hyperplasia has been principally attributed to hypervitaminosis A. There are sporadic reports of HSC hyperplasia in other conditions such as chronic biliary disease and hepatitis C, but clinical associations of this entity have not been studied in detail. We aimed to investigate the clinical associations of HSC hyperplasia aside from hypervitaminosis A. We identified 34 patients whose liver histology showed HSC hyperplasia. We reviewed the liver samples; additional histologic findings in addition to HSC hyperplasia were consolidated into a histologic diagnosis. We collected clinical, laboratory, and radiologic data; the histologic diagnosis was combined with this data to reach an "overall diagnosis." Four patients had hypervitaminosis A (all native livers). In native livers (n?=?24), HSC hyperplasia also occurred in association with drug-induced hepatitis [n?=?6, niacin was the most common inducing agent (n?=?3)], reactive hepatitis (n?=?4), chronic hepatitis C (n?=?4), autoimmune hepatitis (n?=?3), steatohepatitis (n?=?1), chronic biliary disease (n?=?1), and portal venopathy (n?=?1). In liver allografts (n?=?10), HSC hyperplasia was seen in protocol biopsies without other significant abnormalities (n?=?5), chronic biliary disease (n?=?4), and acute cellular rejection (n?=?1). All patients used medications (total of 99) and 82 % were on multiple medications. HSC hyperplasia is an uncommon and relatively nonspecific finding that most commonly occurs in multimedicated patients, often in the absence of hypervitaminosis A. Associated conditions include drug toxicity (such as niacin), post-liver transplant setting, reactive hepatitis (due to systemic illness or inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract), and chronic liver disease. PMID:24809674

Mounajjed, Taofic; Graham, Rondell P; Sanderson, Schuyler O; Smyrk, Thomas C

2014-07-01

223

[Two cases of thymic hyperplasia with Basedow's disease].  

PubMed

Two cases of thymic hyperplasia with Basedow's disease were reported. One case was a 23-year-old female. The CT examination disclosed a mediastinal mass, which was reduced in size after an anti-thyroid drug and subtotal thyroidectomy normalized the thyroid function. The other case was a 29-year-old male with thyrotoxic myopathy. The CT examination disclosed a mediastinal mass, which suggested thymoma. A total thymectomy was performed and the mass was pathologically diagnosed as thymic hyperplasia. PMID:1703252

Nomori, H

1990-10-01

224

A high-power compact regenerative amplifier FEL  

SciTech Connect

The Regenerative Amplifier FEL (RAFEL) is a new FEL approach aimed at achieving the highest optical power from a compact rf-linac FEL. The key idea is to feed back a small fraction (< 10%) of the optical power into a high-gain ({approximately}10{sup 5} in single pass) wiggler to enable the FEL to reach saturation in a few passes. This paper summarizes the design of a high-power compact regenerative amplifier FEL and describes the first experimental demonstration of the RAFEL concept.

Nguyen, D.C.; Sheffield, R.L.; Fortgang, C.M.; Kinross-Wright, J.M.; Ebrahim, N.A.; Goldstein, J.C.

1997-08-01

225

Regenerative medicine and stem cell based drug discovery.  

PubMed

As William Shakespeare beautifully described, increasing age often causes loss of tissue and organ function. The increase in average life expectancy in many countries is generating an aging society and an increase in age-related health problems. Regenerative medicine is expected to be a powerful actor in this drama, and stem cell technology may hold the key to the development of innovative treatments for acute and chronic degenerative conditions. This Review surveys the present situation and some future prospects for regenerative medicine and stem cell based drug discovery. PMID:18624353

Sakurada, Kazuhiro; McDonald, Fiona M; Shimada, Fumiki

2008-01-01

226

Ignition feedback regenerative free electron laser (FEL) amplifier  

DOEpatents

An ignition feedback regenerative amplifier consists of an injector, a linear accelerator with energy recovery, and a high-gain free electron laser amplifier. A fraction of the free electron laser output is coupled to the input to operate the free electron laser in the regenerative mode. A mode filter in this loop prevents run away instability. Another fraction of the output, after suitable frequency up conversion, is used to drive the photocathode. An external laser is provided to start up both the amplifier and the injector, thus igniting the system.

Kim, Kwang-Je (Burr Ridge, IL); Zholents, Alexander (Walnut Creek, CA); Zolotorev, Max (Oakland, CA)

2001-01-01

227

Endometrial carcinoma risk among women diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia: the 34-year experience in a large health plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classifying endometrial hyperplasia (EH) according to the severity of glandular crowding (simple hyperplasia (SH) vs complex hyperplasia (CH)) and nuclear atypia (simple atypical hyperplasia (SAH) vs complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH)) should predict subsequent endometrial carcinoma risk, but data on progression are lacking. Our nested case–control study of EH progression included 138 cases, who were diagnosed with EH and then with

J V Lacey; O B Ioffe; B M Ronnett; B B Rush; D A Richesson; N Chatterjee; B Langholz; A G Glass; M E Sherman

2008-01-01

228

Analysis of arterial intimal hyperplasia: review and hypothesis  

PubMed Central

Background Despite a prodigious investment of funds, we cannot treat or prevent arteriosclerosis and restenosis, particularly its major pathology, arterial intimal hyperplasia. A cornerstone question lies behind all approaches to the disease: what causes the pathology? Hypothesis I argue that the question itself is misplaced because it implies that intimal hyperplasia is a novel pathological phenomenon caused by new mechanisms. A simple inquiry into arterial morphology shows the opposite is true. The normal multi-layer cellular organization of the tunica intima is identical to that of diseased hyperplasia; it is the standard arterial system design in all placentals at least as large as rabbits, including humans. Formed initially as one-layer endothelium lining, this phenotype can either be maintained or differentiate into a normal multi-layer cellular lining, so striking in its resemblance to diseased hyperplasia that we have to name it "benign intimal hyperplasia". However, normal or "benign" intimal hyperplasia, although microscopically identical to pathology, is a controllable phenotype that rarely compromises blood supply. It is remarkable that each human heart has coronary arteries in which a single-layer endothelium differentiates early in life to form a multi-layer intimal hyperplasia and then continues to self-renew in a controlled manner throughout life, relatively rarely compromising the blood supply to the heart, causing complications requiring intervention only in a small fraction of the population, while all humans are carriers of benign hyperplasia. Unfortunately, this fundamental fact has not been widely appreciated in arteriosclerosis research and medical education, which continue to operate on the assumption that the normal arterial intima is always an "ideal" single-layer endothelium. As a result, the disease is perceived and studied as a new pathological event caused by new mechanisms. The discovery that normal coronary arteries are morphologically indistinguishable from deadly coronary arteriosclerosis continues to elicit surprise. Conclusion Two questions should inform the priorities of our research: (1) what controls switch the single cell-layer intimal phenotype into normal hyperplasia? (2) how is normal (benign) hyperplasia maintained? We would be hard-pressed to gain practical insights without scrutinizing our premises.

2007-01-01

229

Hyperplasia and carcinoma in secretory endometrium: a diagnostic challenge.  

PubMed

The diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma in a background of secretory endometrium can be difficult. We attempt to establish the diagnostic criteria to be used in such cases. We examined 80 cases of endometrial hyperplasia, carcinoma, and other conditions with glandular crowding arising in secretory endometrium, analyzed their morphologic features, assessed the volume percentage stroma in each case and performed Ki67 immunostaining on 27 cases. Thirteen cases each of secretory and gestational endometrium served as controls. The mean age of the patients was 45 yr. The non-neoplastic diseases included simple hyperplasia without atypia (56%), endometrial polyps (12.5%), and chronic endometritis with glandular crowding (3%). The proportion of cases with complex hyperplasia without atypia was 10%. Neoplastic diseases included atypical complex hyperplasia (12.5%) and endometrioid carcinoma (6%). The secretory changes were usually less advanced in the hyperplastic glands than in the background endometrium. The morphologic features that best distinguished hyperplasia or carcinoma from secretory endometrium included glandular crowding that stood out from the background; architectural disorder (the long axes of the glands pointing in different directions or parallel to the endometrial surface); dilated, irregularly shaped glands, including budding or branching glands and staghorn-shaped glands; stroma of a polyp; cribriform or confluent glands in cases of carcinoma; nuclear atypia in cases of atypical hyperplasia and carcinoma; and crowded nonsecretory glands. The volume percentage stroma of neoplastic lesions was less than that of non-neoplastic ones (34% vs. 61%, P=0.000001) and that of secretory endometrium (34% vs. 68%, P=0.000038). Non-neoplastic lesions did not have significantly more crowded glands than secretory endometrium (61% vs. 68%, P=0.11). Gestational endometrium had more crowded glands than non-neoplastic lesions (39% vs. 61%, P=0.000004), an approximately equal volume percentage stroma with complex hyperplasia without atypia (39% vs. 43%, P=0.51), and less crowded glands than neoplastic lesions (39% vs. 34%, P=0.03). The Ki67 index of the neoplastic lesions was higher than that of the controls, including secretory and gestational endometria (positive nuclei per 100 epithelial cells, 44.8 vs. 4.6, P=0.0004), of the non-neoplastic lesions (44.8 vs. 5.4, P=0.002) and of complex hyperplasia without atypia (44.8 vs. 9.3, P=0.007). Hyperplasia and carcinoma in secretory endometrium can be diagnosed on the basis of increased glandular crowding, architectural irregularity, nuclear atypia, and increased Ki67 index. PMID:24487463

Truskinovsky, Alexander M; Lifschitz-Mercer, Beatriz; Czernobilsky, Bernard

2014-03-01

230

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: from Bench to Clinic  

PubMed Central

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent disease, especially in old men, and often results in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This chronic disease has important care implications and financial risks to the health care system. LUTS are caused not only by mechanical prostatic obstruction but also by the dynamic component of obstruction. The exact etiology of BPH and its consequences, benign prostatic enlargement and benign prostatic obstruction, are not identified. Various theories concerning the causes of benign prostate enlargement and LUTS, such as metabolic syndrome, inflammation, growth factors, androgen receptor, epithelial-stromal interaction, and lifestyle, are discussed. Incomplete overlap of prostatic enlargement with symptoms and obstruction encourages focus on symptoms rather than prostate enlargement and the shifting from surgery to medicine as the treatment of BPH. Several alpha antagonists, including alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, and terazosin, have shown excellent efficacy without severe adverse effects. In addition, new alpha antagonists, silodosin and naftopidil, and phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors are emerging as BPH treatments. In surgical treatment, laser surgery such as photoselective vaporization of the prostate and holmium laser prostatectomy have been introduced to reduce complications and are used as alternatives to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and open prostatectomy. The status of TURP as the gold standard treatment of BPH is still evolving. We review several preclinical and clinical studies about the etiology of BPH and treatment options.

Cho, Hee Ju

2012-01-01

231

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: an update in children  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in children, the majority of which is due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, represents a group of disorders in which there is impaired cortisol synthesis and abnormalities in adrenal hormonal profiles. There continues to be debate regarding the optimal management of and treatment for these children. This review will highlight the most recent advances in neonatal screening for CAH, as well as the timeliest recommendations for the treatment and management of 21-hydroxylase deficiency, both the classic and non-classic forms of the disorder. Recent findings Substantive advancements have been made with regards to neonatal screening for CAH, allowing for earlier diagnosis while minimizing the morbidity and mortality associated with delayed detection. While the achievement of normal growth and development remains the ultimate goal of treatment, recent studies have provided further insight into the management and refinement of therapy in these children. Summary The optimal management and treatment for children with CAH is still unclear. While there have been recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of this group of disorders, there is still much to learn in order to optimize therapy for these individuals.

Trapp, Christine M.; Speiser, Phyllis W.; Oberfield, Sharon E.

2013-01-01

232

Hydraulic Transmission Electromagnetic Energy-Regenerative Active Suspension and Its Working Principle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives a comprehensive analysis of the structure features and the problems of the existing energy-regenerative suspension systems, and proposes a new energy-regenerative suspension system design, Hydraulic Transmission Electromagnetic Energy-regenerative Active Suspension. The new suspension system combines mechanical-electromagnetic-hydraulic structure and can overcome the problems of the existing energy-regenerative suspensions, which makes the practical application of recycling the vehicle shock

Xu Lin; Guo Xuexun

2010-01-01

233

PTEN deletion enhances the regenerative ability of adult corticospinal neurons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the essential role of the corticospinal tract (CST) in controlling voluntary movements, successful regeneration of large numbers of injured CST axons beyond a spinal cord lesion has never been achieved. We found that PTEN\\/mTOR are critical for controlling the regenerative capacity of mouse corticospinal neurons. After development, the regrowth potential of CST axons was lost and this was accompanied

Kai Liu; Yi Lu; Jae K Lee; Ramsey Samara; Rafer Willenberg; Ilse Sears-Kraxberger; Andrea Tedeschi; Kevin Kyungsuk Park; Duo Jin; Bin Cai; Bengang Xu; Lauren Connolly; Oswald Steward; Binhai Zheng; Zhigang He

2010-01-01

234

Commercialization of regenerative medicine: learning from spin-outs.  

PubMed

Abstract The meeting "Commercialization of Your Regenerative Medicine Research: Lessons from Spin Out Successes" was hosted by the Oxbridge Biotech Roundtable (OBR) (Oxford, UK) at the University of Oxford in February, 2013, and attracted a multi-stakeholder audience spanning academia and industry. The event featured case studies from Gregg Sando, CEO, Cell Medica (London, UK), John Sinden, CSO, Reneuron (Guilford, UK), and Paul Kemp, CEO and CSO, Intercytex (Manchester, UK). OBR is a student-led initiative with over 7000 members across eight different UK and US locations with a mission to foster a conversation about the healthcare and life sciences industry. Here we review the main themes of the meeting and the major questions facing the regenerative medicine industry and its rapidly emerging subsets of cellular and gene therapies. Notably, we discuss the compatibility of regenerative therapies to the existing healthcare infrastructure, biomanufacturing challenges (including scalability and comparability), and the amenability of regenerative therapies to existing reimbursement and investment models. Furthermore, we reiterate key words of advice from seasoned industry leaders intended to accelerate the translation path from lab bench to the marketplace. PMID:23470045

French, Anna; Buckler, R Lee; Brindley, David A

2013-04-01

235

Numerical modeling of laser stabilization by regenerative spectral hole burning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regenerative transient spectral hole frequency references have provided relative optical stability, measured by the Allan deviation, on the 10?13 scale. These references are comparatively insensitive to vibration and, unlike traditional Fabry–Perot cavities, atomic references, or gated spectral holes, the reference shape and position can depend on the laser input as well as the material properties. Numerical modeling of a frequency

G. J. Pryde; T. Böttger; R. L. Cone

2001-01-01

236

A theoretical study of a novel regenerative ejector refrigeration cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a demand for developments of the ejector refrigeration systems using low grade thermal energy, such as solar energy and waste heat. In this paper, a novel regenerative ejector refrigeration cycle was described, which uses an auxiliary jet pump and a conventional regenerator to enhance the performance of the novel cycle. The theoretical analysis on the performance characteristics

Jianlin Yu; Yanzhong Li

2007-01-01

237

Optimization of parameters of an electrochemical photovoltaic regenerative solar cell  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimization of physical and geometrical parameters of an electrochemical photovoltaic regenerative solar cell with current leads located on opposite sides of a cell unit was studied. The dependence of local current density on the length co-ordinate is expressed using dimensionless quantities. A linear polarisation curve was assumed. The equation for maximal output in Watts per total unit surface area was

Ivo Roušar; Miroslav Rudolf; Petr Lukášek; Ladislav Kavan; Nicholas Papageorgiou; Michael Grätzel

1996-01-01

238

California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) Stem Cell Basics Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of videos, from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, features researchers as they "explain the basics of stem cell research and discuss the many hurdles in translating the basic research into new therapies." Some of the topics covered here include: creating embryonic stem cell lines, therapies based on cancer stem cells, therapy development, stem cell differentiation, ethics, and more.

2012-03-28

239

1049. Regenerative Cell Therapy for White Matter Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

We tested the therapeutic potential of neurospheres generated from GFP transgenic rats as regenerative therapy for white matter diseases. We previously reported that postnatal derived rat neurospheres generate more than 50% oligodendrocytes in vitro. GFP+ postnatal neurospheres were transplanted into the corpus callosum of chemically induced demyelination rat model and in a Canavan rat model (Tremor rat caused by a

Ana Olariu; Jeremy Francis; Scott McPhee; Eiji Kobayashi; Paola Leone

2006-01-01

240

Deeper Analysis and Continued Refinement of the Regenerative Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents research methodologies and findings from a qualitative practitioner study that examined initial constructs of a new model of counseling supervision, tentatively named the Regenerative model (R. Neswald-McCalip, J. Sather, J. Strati, & J. Dineen, 2003). Findings include the emergence of cultural and spiritual awareness and…

Neswald-Potter, Rhonda

2005-01-01

241

A Regeneratively Cooled Thrust Chamber For The Fastrac Engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstract This paper presents the development of a low-cost, regeneratively-cooled thrust chamber for the Fastrac engine. The chamber was fabricated using hydraformed copper tubing to form the coolant jacket and wrapped with a fiber reinforced polymer composite Material to form a structural jacket. The thrust chamber design and fabrication approach was based upon Space America. Inc.'s 12,000 lb regeneratively-cooled LOX/kerosene rocket engine. Fabrication of regeneratively cooled thrust chambers by tubewall construction dates back to the early US ballistic missile programs. The most significant innovations in this design was the development of a low-cost process for fabrication from copper tubing (nickel alloy was the usual practice) and use of graphite composite overwrap as the pressure containment, which yields an easily fabricated, lightweight pressure jacket around the copper tubes A regeneratively-cooled reusable thrust chamber can benefit the Fastrac engine program by allowing more efficient (cost and scheduler testing). A proof-of-concept test article has been fabricated and will he tested at Marshall Space Flight Center in the late Summer or Fall of 2000.

Brown, Kendall K.; Sparks, Dave; Woodcock, Gordon

2000-01-01

242

Magnetic force-based tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Among other biomedical applications, magnetic nanoparticles and liposomes have a vast field of applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Magnetic nanoparticles and liposomes, when introduced into cells to be cultured, maneuver the cell's positioning by the appropriate use of magnets to create more complex tissue structures than those that are achieved by conventional culture methods. PMID:23909126

Castro, Emilio; Mano, Joăo F

2013-07-01

243

Regenerative chatter reduction through passive damping: Numerical evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regenerative chatter is a major limitation to the productivity and quality of machining operations; therefore, strategies for its suppression should be considered and evaluated during the machine design process. The regeneration of chip thickness, which is related to phase between the modulations left on the surface during the successive cuts, is the most common reason behind the phenomenon of chatter

M. M. da Silva; J. E. Cervelin; R. Galdino dos Santos; R. T. Coelho

2010-01-01

244

Regenerative vibration damping of a suspension system testbed  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, an energy-regenerative suspension system is implemented consisting of a linear DC machine, power electronic circuity, and a battery. The linear DC machine operates as a generator, converting the vibration energy of a mass-spring system into battery charge. The linear DC machine generates desired forces acting between the unsprung and sprung masses of the suspension system; hence acting

R. Sabzehgar; M. Moallem

2012-01-01

245

Modeling and Simulation about an Electric Car's Regenerative Braking System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A kind of regenerative braking system of an electric car is studied in the paper. The car's speed, acceleration, the hydraulic accumulator's pressure and volume are simulated with Matlab while the electric car is braking or accelerating from stop. The hydraulic accumulator can absorb all of the braking energy when braking and the energy stored in the hydraulic accumulator can

Zuowu Ding; Dongbiao Zhao; Jianmin Zuo

2007-01-01

246

Regenerative Flywheel Storage System. Volume II. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the development, fabrication, and test of a regenerative flywheel energy storage and recovery system for a battery/flywheel electric vehicle of the 3000-lb class. The vehicle propulsion system was simulated on a digital computer in o...

1980-01-01

247

Mesenchymal stem cells for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exist in bone marrow and other musculoskeletal tissues. These cells contribute to the homeostasis of musculoskeletal tissue as well as support for the growth and differentiation of primitive hemopoietic cells. Recent advancements in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have highlighted MSCs as a potential source of cells which would differentiate to a variety of tissue tailored

Suk-Kee Tae; Seok-Hyn Lee; Jae-Sik Park; Gun-Il Im

2006-01-01

248

Regenerative medicine and human models of human disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in stem-cell technology are now allowing the mechanisms of human disease to be studied in human cells. A new era for regenerative medicine is arising from such disease models, extending beyond early cell-based therapies and towards evaluating genetic variation in humans and identifying the molecular pathways that lead to disease, as well as targets for therapy.

Kenneth R. Chien

2008-01-01

249

Smart biomaterials design for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a prominent tool in regenerative medicine, tissue engineering (TE) has been an active field of scientific research for nearly three decades. Clinical application of TE technologies has been relatively restricted, however, owing in part to the limited number of biomaterials that are approved for human use. While many excellent biomaterials have been developed in recent years, their translation into

Mark E. Furth; Anthony Atala; Mark E. Van Dyke

2007-01-01

250

Cell delivery in regenerative medicine: The cell sheet engineering approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, cell-based therapies have developed as a foundation for regenerative medicine. General approaches for cell delivery have thus far involved the use of direct injection of single cell suspensions into the target tissues. Additionally, tissue engineering with the general paradigm of seeding cells into biodegradable scaffolds has also evolved as a method for the reconstruction of various tissues and organs.

Joseph Yang; Masayuki Yamato; Kohji Nishida; Takeshi Ohki; Masato Kanzaki; Hidekazu Sekine; Tatsuya Shimizu; Teruo Okano

2006-01-01

251

Stem Cells, Regenerative Medicine, and Animal Models of Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of stem cell biology and regenerative medicine is rapidly moving toward translation to clinical practice, and in doing so has become even more dependent on animal donors and hosts for generating cellular reagents and assay- ing their potential therapeutic efficacy in models of human disease. Advances in cell culture technologies have revealed a remarkable plasticity of stem cells

Dennis A. Steindler

2007-01-01

252

Development and prospects of organ replacement regenerative therapy.  

PubMed

Current approaches for the development of regenerative therapies have been influenced by our understanding of embryonic development, stem cell biology, and tissue engineering technology. The ultimate goal of regenerative therapy is to develop fully functioning bioengineered organs to replace lost or damaged organs that result from disease, injury, or aging. Almost all organs including ectodermal organs, such as teeth, hair, salivary glands, and lacrimal glands, arise from organ germs induced by reciprocal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in the developing embryo. A novel concept to generate a bioengineered organ is to recreate organogenesis and thereby develop fully functioning bioengineered organs from the resulting bioengineered organ germ generated via 3-dimensional cell manipulation using immature stem cells in vitro. We have previously developed a bioengineering method for forming a 3-dimensional organ germ in the early developmental stages, termed the "bioengineered organ germ method." Recently, we reported fully functioning bioengineered tooth replacements after transplantation of a bioengineered tooth germ or a mature tooth unit comprising the bioengineered tooth and periodontal tissues. This concept could be adopted to generate not only teeth but also bioengineered hair follicles, salivary glands, and lacrimal glands. These studies emphasize the potential for bioengineered organ replacement in future regenerative therapies. In this review, we will summarize the strategies and the recent progress of research and development for the establishment of organ replacement regenerative therapies. PMID:24104927

Hirayama, Masatoshi; Oshima, Masamitsu; Tsuji, Takashi

2013-11-01

253

Is regenerative medicine a new hope for kidney replacement?  

PubMed

The availability of kidney and other organs from matching donors is not enough for many patients on demand for organ transplant. Unfortunately, this situation is not better despite the many of new interesting projects of promoting family, cross or domino transplants. These inexorable global statistics forced medical researchers to find a new potential therapeutic option that would guarantee safety and efficacy for the treatment of ESRD comparable to kidney transplantation. The aim of our review is to summarize the scientific literature that relating to the modern as well as innovative experimental methods and possibilities of kidney regeneration and, in addition, to find whether the regenerative medicine field will be a new hope for curing the patient with renal disease complications. The most important achievements in the field of regenerative medicine of kidney, which were mentioned and described here, are currently cumulated in 4 areas of interest: stem cell-based therapies, neo-kidneys with specially designed scaffolds or cell-seeded matrices, bioartificial kidneys and innovative nanotechnologically bioengineered solutions. Nowadays, we can add some remarks that the regenerative medicine is still insufficient to completely replace current therapy methods used in patients with chronic kidney disease especially with the end-stage renal disease where in many cases kidney transplantation is the only one chance. But we think that development of regenerative medicine especially in the last 20 years brings us more and more closer to solve many of today's problems at the frontier of nephrology and transplantology. PMID:24748421

Nowacki, Maciej; Kloskowski, Tomasz; Pokrywczy?ska, Marta; Nazarewski, Lukasz; Jundzi??, Arkadiusz; Pietkun, Katarzyna; Tyloch, Dominik; Rasmus, Marta; Warda, Karolina; Habib, Samy L; Drewa, Tomasz

2014-06-01

254

Induced pluripotent stem cells: developmental biology to regenerative medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear reprogramming of somatic cells with ectopic stemness factors to bioengineer pluripotent autologous stem cells signals a new era in regenerative medicine. The study of developmental biology has provided a roadmap for cardiac differentiation from embryonic tissue formation to adult heart muscle rejuvenation. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of stem-cell-derived cardiogenesis enables the reproducible generation, isolation, and monitoring of progenitors that

Almudena Martinez-Fernandez; Andre Terzic; Timothy J. Nelson

2010-01-01

255

Analysis of compressed air regenerative braking and a thermally enhanced option  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obtaining a net benefit from regenerative braking is difficult. Various forms of regenerative braking systems have been proposed. They include electric batteries, capacitors, flywheels, and compressed air. Some have been implemented on a limited scale. The benefits of regenerative braking systems are easy to qualitatively describe, but can be challenging to quantify. The potential benefits depend upon obvious things such

F. Wicks; J. Maleszweski; C. Wright; J. Zarybnicky

2002-01-01

256

Regenerative Wound Healing: The Role of Interleukin-10  

PubMed Central

Significance: Postnatal wounds heal with characteristic scar formation. In contrast, the mid-gestational fetus is capable of regenerative healing, which results in wound repair that is indistinguishable from uninjured skin. However, the underlying mechanisms of fetal regenerative phenotype are unknown. Recent Advances: The potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10 (IL-10), plays an essential role in the ability of the fetus to heal regeneratively and has been shown to recapitulate scarless healing in postnatal tissue. IL-10's ability to facilitate regenerative healing is likely a result of pleiotropic effects, through regulation of the inflammatory response, as well as novel roles as a regulator of the extracellular matrix, fibroblast cellular function, and endothelial progenitor cells. Overexpression of IL-10 using a variety of methods has been demonstrated to recapitulate the fetal regenerative phenotype in post-natal tissue, in conjunction with promising results of Phase II clinical trials using recombinant IL-10. Critical Issues: Successful wound healing is a complex process that requires coordination of multiple growth factors, cell types, and extracellular cellular matrix components. IL-10 has been demonstrated to be critical in the fetus' intrinsic ability to heal without scars, and, further, can induce scarless healing in postnatal tissue. The mechanisms through which IL-10 facilitates this regeneration are likely the result of IL-10's pleiotropic effects. Efforts to develop IL-10 as an anti-scarring agent have demonstrated promising results. Future Directions: Further studies on the delivery, including dose, route, and timing, are required in order to successfully translate these promising findings from in vitro studies and animal models into clinical practice. IL-10 holds significant potential as an anti-scarring therapeutic.

King, Alice; Balaji, Swathi; Le, Louis D.; Crombleholme, Timothy M.; Keswani, Sundeep G.

2014-01-01

257

Mesenchymal stem cell secretome and regenerative therapy after cancer.  

PubMed

Cancer treatment generally relies on tumor ablative techniques that can lead to major functional or disfiguring defects. These post-therapy impairments require the development of safe regenerative therapy strategies during cancer remission. Many current tissue repair approaches exploit paracrine (immunomodulatory, pro-angiogenic, anti-apoptotic and pro-survival effects) or restoring (functional or structural tissue repair) properties of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC). Yet, a major concern in the application of regenerative therapies during cancer remission remains the possible triggering of cancer recurrence. Tumor relapse implies the persistence of rare subsets of tumor-initiating cancer cells which can escape anti-cancer therapies and lie dormant in specific niches awaiting reactivation via unknown stimuli. Many of the components required for successful regenerative therapy (revascularization, immunosuppression, cellular homing, tissue growth promotion) are also critical for tumor progression and metastasis. While bi-directional crosstalk between tumorigenic cells (especially aggressive cancer cell lines) and MSC (including tumor stroma-resident populations) has been demonstrated in a variety of cancers, the effects of local or systemic MSC delivery for regenerative purposes on persisting cancer cells during remission remain controversial. Both pro- and anti-tumorigenic effects of MSC have been reported in the literature. Our own data using breast cancer clinical isolates have suggested that dormant-like tumor-initiating cells do not respond to MSC signals, unlike actively dividing cancer cells which benefited from the presence of supportive MSC. The secretome of MSC isolated from various tissues may partially diverge, but it includes a core of cytokines (i.e. CCL2, CCL5, IL-6, TGF?, VEGF), which have been implicated in tumor growth and/or metastasis. This article reviews published models for studying interactions between MSC and cancer cells with a focus on the impact of MSC secretome on cancer cell activity, and discusses the implications for regenerative therapy after cancer. PMID:23747841

Zimmerlin, Ludovic; Park, Tea Soon; Zambidis, Elias T; Donnenberg, Vera S; Donnenberg, Albert D

2013-12-01

258

Genome-wide expression profile of the response to spinal cord injury in Xenopus laevis reveals extensive differences between regenerative and non-regenerative stages  

PubMed Central

Background Xenopus laevis has regenerative and non-regenerative stages. As a tadpole, it is fully capable of functional recovery after a spinal cord injury, while its juvenile form (froglet) loses this capability during metamorphosis. We envision that comparative studies between regenerative and non-regenerative stages in Xenopus could aid in understanding why spinal cord regeneration fails in human beings. Results To identify the mechanisms that allow the tadpole to regenerate and inhibit regeneration in the froglet, we obtained a transcriptome-wide profile of the response to spinal cord injury in Xenopus regenerative and non-regenerative stages. We found extensive transcriptome changes in regenerative tadpoles at 1 day after injury, while this was only observed by 6 days after injury in non-regenerative froglets. In addition, when comparing both stages, we found that they deployed a very different repertoire of transcripts, with more than 80% of them regulated in only one stage, including previously unannotated transcripts. This was supported by gene ontology enrichment analysis and validated by RT-qPCR, which showed that transcripts involved in metabolism, response to stress, cell cycle, development, immune response and inflammation, neurogenesis, and axonal regeneration were regulated differentially between regenerative and non-regenerative stages. Conclusions We identified differences in the timing of the transcriptional response and in the inventory of regulated transcripts and biological processes activated in response to spinal cord injury when comparing regenerative and non-regenerative stages. These genes and biological processes provide an entry point to understand why regeneration fails in mammals. Furthermore, our results introduce Xenopus laevis as a genetic model organism to study spinal cord regeneration.

2014-01-01

259

Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Nonfamilial Adrenal Medullary Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: Sporadic adrenomedullary hyperplasia (AMH) is characterized by a medical history of hypertension, excessive catecholamine excretion, and histomorphometric evidence of increased adrenomedullary tissue relative to the cortex in the absence of multiple endocrine neoplasia. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of patients after laparoscopic adrenalectomy for AMH, an early form of sporadic adrenal medulla–related endocrine hypertension, as well as to update our understanding of the clinical features and management of this clinicomorphologic entity. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients operated on between 2007 and 2011 at Reina Sofia University General Hospital, Murcia, Spain, with a diagnosis of AMH. Patient characteristics, diagnostic studies, surgical procedures, and histologic findings were analyzed. Results: Seven hypertensive patients with intermittent adrenergic crises were found to have AMH (3 men and 4 women; mean age, 44 years). Catecholamine levels were increased. Radiologic studies included 1 or more of the following: magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, positron emission tomography imaging with fluorodeoxyglucose, dihydroxyphenylalanine–positron emission tomography–computed tomography, Octreoscan (Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, St. Louis, MO, USA) and 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed in all cases. One patient underwent bilateral adrenalectomy because of persistent symptomatology after unilateral adrenalectomy. Surgery was associated with normalization of catecholamine hypersecretion and complete disappearance of symptoms, as well as the reduction or abstention of antihypertensive therapy. Conclusions: Sporadic AMH is a clinicomorphologic entity that may mimic pheochromocytoma clinically. Recent advances in diagnostic and surgical methods have changed the management and outcome of this unusual disease. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy may be recommended as the gold standard in the treatment of this entity. Definitive diagnosis is provided by histologic study.

Candel Arenas, Maria Fe; Gonzalez Valverde, Francisco Miguel; Terol Garaulet, Emilio; Maestre Maderuelo, Maria; Meoro Aviles, Amparo; Pastor Quirante, Francisco; Albarracin Marin Blazquez, Antonio

2013-01-01

260

[Problems of so-called atypical hyperplasia of the prostate].  

PubMed

In search of a precancerous morphological correlate for the carcinoma of the prostate gland becoming more and more frequent with growing age the prostate glands of 450 males from the current autopsy material were investigated by means of large sections according to the so-called serial section technique. The appearance of cellular atypias was discovered for the time being in the various form of hyperplasia of the prostate gland and their corresponding correlations to the latent carcinoma of the prostate gland. In all hyperplasias examined cellular atypias of different degrees of severity and a good correlation to the carcinoma were found, so that they can be regarded as precancerous in the narrower sense. The notion of the "atypical hyperplasia" should not be used, since in it too many different hyperplastic lesions are comprised. On the other hand, in every form of hyperplasia the presence of corresponding cellular atypias should be mentioned. The evidence of a hyperplasia with moderate and severe cellular atypias in the biopsy and TUR-material requires a careful treatment of the residual material by the pathologist and a search for carcinoma by the urologist. In no case it is the cause for an invasive diagnostics or surgical consequences. PMID:2444040

Mehlhorn, J

1987-07-01

261

Pathophysiology and management of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma.  

PubMed Central

Endometrial cancer is currently the commonest pelvic malignancy affecting American women, most of whom share the same pathophysiologic basis, that is, unopposed estrogenic stimulation. The initial result of hyperestrogenism is the development of endometrial hyperplasia, which is reversible in most cases by appropriate hormonal therapy. Persistent stimulation eventually leads to atypical hyperplasia with nuclear atypia and invasive carcinoma. Because there is no cost-effective screening method for the detection of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma, it is essential to survey the high-risk population with appropriate diagnostic techniques. After diagnosis, therapy should be individualized based on pathologic findings (cell type and histologic grade) and extent of disease (International Federation of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians stage, depth of myometrial invasion, and pelvic and para-aortic lymph node status). Recent studies suggest that sex hormone receptors and nuclear DNA ploidy patterns provide useful prognostic information independent of histologic grade. Images

Fu, Y. S.; Gambone, J. C.; Berek, J. S.

1990-01-01

262

A case report of large thymic hyperplasia associated with hyperthyroidism.  

PubMed

A 32-year-old female case of large thymic hyperplasia with hyperthyroidism is reported. A computed tomography (CT) examination disclosed a large mediastinal mass (16 x 11 cm) with a heterogeneous internal structure containing both soft tissue density areas and fat density areas. The mass was histologically diagnosed as thymic lymphoid hyperplasia. The thymic mass enlarged during hyperthyroidism and then regressed markedly after treatment with antithyroid drugs. After the thymic mass decreased by about one third of its maximum volume, the mass stopped regressing and has remained the same size for more than 6 years. A CT scan showed a decrease in the soft tissue density area and predominance of the fat density area. The potential response to antithyroid therapy must be considered before recommending resection of thymic tumors diagnosed as hyperthyroidism-related thymic hyperplasia. PMID:20081752

Takami, Koji; Omiya, Hideyasu; Higashiyama, Masahiko; Maeda, Jun; Okami, Jiro; Oda, Kazuyuki; Tsujinaka, Toshimasa; Kodama, Ken

2009-12-01

263

Sclerosing Lobular Hyperplasia- Correlation between Cytomorphological and Histological Findings  

PubMed Central

Sclerosing lobular hyperplasia of the mammary gland is an uncommmon benign lesion which is mainly seen in adolescents and young women. The breast lobules are enlarged due to ductal and acinar proliferations but they have normal architecture. There is extensive fibrosis of the intralobular stroma, and to a lesser degree, of the interlobular parenchyma. Patients generally complain of a palpable, painless/slightly tender and well-defined lump in breast. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia is non diagnostic with features similar to fibroadneoma except for the absence of stromal fragments. In order to reach a definitive diagnosis, a histopathologic evaluation is needed. However, a distinction between the two benign entities is of no clinical significance.We are describing a case of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia that occurred in the left breast of a 26-year-old lady.

Lamichaney, Rachna; Sherpa, Mingma; Pradhan, Diwakar

2014-01-01

264

Sclerosing Lobular Hyperplasia- Correlation between Cytomorphological and Histological Findings.  

PubMed

Sclerosing lobular hyperplasia of the mammary gland is an uncommmon benign lesion which is mainly seen in adolescents and young women. The breast lobules are enlarged due to ductal and acinar proliferations but they have normal architecture. There is extensive fibrosis of the intralobular stroma, and to a lesser degree, of the interlobular parenchyma. Patients generally complain of a palpable, painless/slightly tender and well-defined lump in breast. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia is non diagnostic with features similar to fibroadneoma except for the absence of stromal fragments. In order to reach a definitive diagnosis, a histopathologic evaluation is needed. However, a distinction between the two benign entities is of no clinical significance.We are describing a case of sclerosing lobular hyperplasia that occurred in the left breast of a 26-year-old lady. PMID:24783103

Lamichaney, Rachna; Sherpa, Mingma; Pradhan, Diwakar

2014-03-01

265

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia associated with tetanus toxoid vaccination.  

PubMed

Three cases of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia are reported at the site of tetanus toxoid vaccination. All presented as nodules on the upper arm, a known adverse effect of the vaccine following superficial inoculation. Histologically the nodules showed numerous small and medium sized vessels, some lined by hyperplastic endothelial cells with perivascular lymphocytic cuffing and an inflammatory infiltrate of plasma cells, eosinophils and scattered mast cells. Lymphoid follicles replete with germinal centres were identified in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Immunostaining revealed a polytypic lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate and a curious IgE reticulated pattern within the germinal centres, a feature described in both Kimura's disease and angiolymphoid hyperplasia. The present study suggests that atopic reaction to tetanus toxoid may be an aetiological factor in some cases of angiolymphoid hyperplasia. PMID:2376400

Akosa, A B; Ali, M H; Khoo, C T; Evans, D M

1990-06-01

266

[Thymus hyperplasia in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome].  

PubMed

Thymus is an important central lymphoid organ that plays a pivotal role in the generation of peripheral T-lymphocytes. Thymoma and thymus hyperplasia have been associated with various autoimmune disorders, mainly myasthenia gravis. There is no established relationship between thymus pathology and antiphospholipid syndrome; however, there are some reported cases of antiphospholipid syndrome associated with myasthenia gravis or following thymectomy. We present the case of a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome and thymic lymphoid follicular hyperplasia. We discuss the association between both entities and suggest a diagnostic approach of a patient with a radiological disorder of the thymus and antiphospholipid syndrome. PMID:19569281

Carragoso, Adelino; Faria, Bernardo; Silva, José Roberto; Capelo, Joana; Vidinha, Joana; Santos, Carla Ferreira; Gaspar, Orlando

2009-01-01

267

The use of sestamibi imaging in parathyroid hyperplasia.  

PubMed

The authors describe a 42-year-old man with parathyroid hyperplasia secondary to chronic renal failure. Parathyroidectomy was indicated because of persistent hypercalcemia and an increasing parathyroid hormone level despite medical management. A parathyroid sestamibi scan was performed immediately before operation and a gamma-detecting probe was used during operation. Six parathyroid glands weighing nearly 21 g were present. Without the use of the gamma-detecting probe during operation, one of the glands would have been missed. The efficacy of sestamibi scanning with parathyroid hyperplasia is discussed. PMID:12607864

Fernandez, Kristen L; Turer, Paul; Spiegler, Ethan J; Singer, John A

2002-12-01

268

Thymic Hyperplasia after Lung Transplantation Imitating Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder  

PubMed Central

Thymic hyperplasia is usually associated with the treatment of malignant tumours and is sometimes linked with endocrine diseases. For the first time, we report a case of thymic hyperplasia in a patient 2 years after bilateral lung transplantation. Contrast-enhanced chest CT scan was highly suspicious for a posttransplant lymphoma or thymoma. Therefore, the patient received total thymectomy. Excised specimens were sent to the Department of Pathology. Unexpectedly, the histological examination revealed hyperplastic thymic tissue without evidence for a posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder or malignancy.

Steger, Christina Maria; Semsroth, Severin; Hager, Thomas; Rieker, Ralf; Muller, Ludwig

2011-01-01

269

[Intimal hyperplasia within a vascular anastomosis].  

PubMed

Intimal hyperplasia (IH) appears to rank high amongst plausible causes of reconstructed arteries restenosis. It always occurs in the area of a surgical intervention on a vessel in response to a mechanical lesion. IH is the cause of thrombosis in 15 to 50% of cases following vascular reconstruction during the first year after the operation (with the exception of early thromboses, which are probably caused by an improperly performed interventional technique). Of a wide variety of clinical situations leading to development of IH in the vascular wall, for the purposes of the present review, we singled out the problem concerning the onset and development of this tissue reaction in intervascular anastomoses, which is currently one of the most important issues. Analysing the publications on the problem concerned showed that amongst significantfactors influencing the development of IH in the anastomosis, the investigators single out different parameters of the anastomoses, configuration (either an end-to-end or an end-to-side anastomosis, the use of special inserts and patches within the latter), as well as the use of autologous or synthetic conduits, blanket suture or interrupted suture, peculiarities of local haemodynamics (linear blood flow rate, distribution of parietal fraction forces, zones of stagnation and flow separation), etc. To a certain degree, the published data are rather controversial. There remain many problems, which are either unaddressed as yet, or insufficiently studied, if at all. For instance, while establishing an anastomosis between a bypass graft and an artery, surgeons often resort to endarterectomy. It is not known whether or not this technique would influence the IH pattern in the anastomosis concerned. Neither is it clear whether the high velocity flow exerts a direct damaging action upon the endothelium, whether it promotes the development of IH in the area of the lesion, and if affirmative, then what the mechanisms of this effect really are. Not studied is the role of various types of synthetic fibres and synthetic grafts (except PTFE), various kinds of suture material in the development of IH in the zone of a vascular anastomosis concerned. This of course is far from being a complete list of the challenges requiring further investigation. PMID:19791568

Kur'ianov, P S; Razuvaev, A S; Vavilov, V N

2008-01-01

270

Dietary genistein stimulates mammary hyperplasia in gilts.  

PubMed

The possible role of the phytoestrogen genistein on prepubertal development of mammary glands, hormonal status and bone resorption was investigated in gilts. Forty-five gilts were fed a control diet containing soya (CTLS, n = 15), a control diet without soya (CTL0, n = 15) or the CTLS diet supplemented with 2.3 g of genistein daily (GEN, n = 15) from 90 days of age until slaughter (day 183 ± 1). Both basal diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Jugular blood samples were obtained on days 89 and 176 to determine concentrations of isoflavone metabolites (on day 176 only), prolactin, estradiol, progesterone, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), and N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx; on day 176 only). At slaughter, mammary glands were excised, parenchymal and extraparenchymal tissues were dissected, and composition of parenchymal tissue (protein, fat, dry matter (DM), DNA) was determined. Histochemical analyses of mammary parenchyma were performed. Dietary genistein increased parenchymal protein (P < 0.05) while decreasing DM (P < 0.05) and tending to lower fat content compared with the CTLS, but not the CTL0, diet. There was more parenchymal DNA (1.26 v. 0.92 mg/g, P < 0.05) in GEN than CTLS gilts, likely reflecting an increase in the quantity of mammary epithelial cells. Circulating concentrations of genistein were increased in GEN gilts (P < 0.001) but concentrations of hormones or NTx (indicator of bone collagen resorption) were not affected by GEN (P > 0.1). Percentage of estradiol receptor alpha (ER?)-positive epithelial cells was lower (P < 0.05) in GEN than CTLS gilts, whereas 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine labeling index was unaltered (P > 0.1). Transcript levels for ER?, ER?, IGF1, epidermal growth factor (EGF), epidermal growth factor receptor and transforming growth factor alpha were not altered by treatments. Supplementation of the diet with genistein during the growing phase in gilts, therefore, led to hyperplasia of mammary parenchymal tissue after puberty; yet, even though circulating genistein was increased, this was not accompanied by changes in mammary expression of selected genes or circulating hormone levels. PMID:22443950

Farmer, C; Palin, M F; Gilani, G S; Weiler, H; Vignola, M; Choudhary, R K; Capuco, A V

2010-03-01

271

Regenerative Medicinal Chemistry: The in Situ Control of Stem Cells  

PubMed Central

In recent years, there has been mounting evidence to support the presence of stem and progenitor cells within many adult tissues that retain the capacity to proliferate and differentiate, thereby contributing to tissue homeostasis and repair. In line with these discoveries, there have been increasing efforts to develop new agents that target these resident stem and progenitor cell populations in situ to augment or to stimulate repair and regeneration processes. Two such agents are approved drugs, and several more are currently in clinical and preclinical development. Through this emerging therapeutic paradigm there is enormous scope for medicinal chemistry to play a pivotal role in regenerative medicine. The potential impact of regenerative medicinal chemistry is profound, and future studies will reveal which tissue types or disease states will prove most readily tractable through this approach.

2013-01-01

272

The theory of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The adiabatic temperature change with field which is limited to about 2 K/Tesla for ferromagnets near their Curie temperatures by the change of magnetization with temperature and the lattice heat capacity is discussed. Practical magnetic refrigerators operate on a regenerative cycle such as the Brayton cycle. This cycle can be executed through the use of an active magnetic regenerator, i.e., a regenerator composed of magnetic material that is cycled in an out of a magnetic field with appropriate fluid flows. The theory of these devices is predicted by solving the partial differential equations that describe fluid and the magnetic solid. The active magnetic regenerator is described along with the method of calculation. Temperature profiles for a normal regenerator and a magnetic regenerative refrigerator are shown.

Barclay, J. A.

1983-01-01

273

Regenerative arrest of inflamed peripheral nerves: role of nitric oxide.  

PubMed

Inflammation can both support and hinder regeneration. In this work, we asked whether regeneration of peripheral nerve axons is facilitated or interrupted when it proceeds through a zone of local but nondirected inflammation. Regeneration was examined in new nerve bridges forming through conduits connecting transected rat sciatic nerves. The conduits, infused with lipopolysaccharide to generate a sterile and nondirected inflammatory response, had substantial rises in inducible nitric oxide (iNOS) mRNA synthesis. iNOS was expressed within macrophages just beyond the zone of axon regrowth. Under these conditions, there was complete interruption of regenerative bridge formation in all instances without axon regrowth across the transection. In a separate cohort, infusion of a broad-spectrum NOS inhibitor (Nomega-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester) into the conduit salvaged bridge formation in a proportion (3/8) of rats. Our findings indicate that local inflammatory conditions inhibit regenerative events and that nitric oxide may contribute to these events. PMID:17921859

McDonald, David S; Cheng, Chu; Martinez, Jose A; Zochodne, Douglas W

2007-10-29

274

Spacecraft Radiator Freeze Protection Using a Regenerative Heat Exchanger  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An active thermal control system architecture has been modified to include a regenerative heat exchanger (regenerator) inboard of the radiator. Rather than using a radiator bypass valve a regenerative heat exchanger is placed inboard of the radiators. A regenerator cold side bypass valve is used to set the return temperature. During operation, the regenerator bypass flow is varied, mixing cold radiator return fluid and warm regenerator outlet fluid to maintain the system setpoint. At the lowest heat load for stable operation, the bypass flow is closed off, sending all of the flow through the regenerator. This lowers the radiator inlet temperature well below the system set-point while maintaining full flow through the radiators. By using a regenerator bypass flow control to maintain system setpoint, the required minimum heat load to avoid radiator freezing can be reduced by more than half compared to a radiator bypass system.

Ungar, Eugene K.; Schunk, Richard G.

2011-01-01

275

Regenerative polymeric bus architecture for board-level optical interconnects.  

PubMed

A scalable multi-channel optical regenerative bus architecture based on the use of polymer waveguides is presented for the first time. The architecture offers high-speed interconnection between electrical cards allowing regenerative bus extension with multiple segments and therefore connection of an arbitrary number of cards onto the bus. In a proof-of-principle demonstration, a 4-channel 3-card polymeric bus module is designed and fabricated on standard FR4 substrates. Low insertion losses (? -15 dB) and low crosstalk values (< -30 dB) are achieved for the fabricated samples while better than ± 6 µm -1 dB alignment tolerances are obtained. 10 Gb/s data communication with a bit-error-rate (BER) lower than 10(-12) is demonstrated for the first time between card interfaces on two different bus modules using a prototype 3R regenerator. PMID:22714148

Bamiedakis, N; Hashim, A; Penty, R V; White, I H

2012-05-21

276

Advanced regenerative-cooling techniques for future space transportation systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review of regenerative-cooling techniques applicable to advanced planned engine designs for space booster and orbit transportation systems has developed the status of the key elements of this cooling mode. This work is presented in terms of gas side, coolant side, wall conduction heat transfer, and chamber life fatigue margin considerations. Described are preliminary heat transfer and trade analyses performed using developed techniques combining channel wall construction with advanced, high-strength, high-thermal-conductivity materials (NARloy-Z or Zr-Cu alloys) in high heat flux regions, combined with lightweight steel tubular nozzle wall construction. Advanced cooling techniques such as oxygen cooling and dual-mode hydrocarbon/hydrogen fuel operation and their limitations are indicated for the regenerative cooling approach.

Wagner, W. R.; Shoji, J. M.

1975-01-01

277

Dihydrotestosterone and the Concept of 5?–Reductase Inhibition in Human Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:The development of the human benign prostatic hyperplasia clearly requires a combination of testicular androgens and aging. Although the role of androgens as the causative factor for human benign prostatic hyperplasia is debated, they undoubtedly have at least a permissive role. The principal prostatic androgen is dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Although not elevated in human benign prostatic hyperplasia, DHT levels in the

G. Bartsch; R. S. Rittmaster; H. Klocker

2000-01-01

278

Laser frequency stabilization using regenerative spectral hole burning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate laser frequency stabilization using a continuously regenerated transient spectral hole in an inhomogeneously broadened resonance of a solid. Regenerative transient holes provide extreme stabilization for time scales appropriate for spectroscopy, signal processing, ranging, and interferometry. Stabilization to 20 Hz on a 10-ms time scale using spectral holes at 793 nm in Tm3+:Y3Al5O12 gives substantial improvement in the reliability

N. M. Strickland; P. B. Sellin; Y. Sun; J. L. Carlsten; R. L. Cone

2000-01-01

279

Average outage duration of multihop communication systems with regenerative relays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Closed-form expressions for the average outage duration (AOD) of multihop regenerative communication systems over generalized fading channels are presented. Both noise-limited and interference-limited systems are studied. To show the usefulness of the presented expressions, some specific fading scenarios are considered. In addition, some numerical examples of interest comparing direct versus relayed transmission and studying the effect of increasing the number

Lin Yang; Mazen O. Hasna; Mohamed-slim Alouini

2005-01-01

280

A novel energy-regenerative active suspension for vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to regenerate electric power from the vibration excited by road unevenness, a novel energy-regenerative active suspension\\u000a for vehicles was proposed with the description of its structure and its working principle with two modes switched in different\\u000a operating conditions. Then, the novel active system was modeled and simulated to show the performance improvement in ride\\u000a comfort in its electrical

Xue-chun Zheng; Fan Yu; Yong-chao Zhang

2008-01-01

281

Cr:LiSrAlF6 regenerative amplifier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design and performance of a flash-lamp-pumped regenerative amplifier that utilizes the new laser material Cr:LiSrAlF6 is described. The device can be used for tunable and/or short-pulse amplification to the 10-mJ level at a repetition rate of 10 Hz. Using chirped-pulse amplification, 8-mJ pulses with a duration of 150 fs were achieved.

Perry, M. D.; Stickland, D.; Ditmire, T.; Patterson, F. G.

1992-04-01

282

Two-tier regenerative response in liver failure in humans.  

PubMed

Acute and chronic liver failure is associated with high mortality. The enormous regenerative potential of the liver has generated a lot of attention. We undertook this work to assess the two-tier regenerative response in liver failure by immunohistochemistry and to correlate such response with liver histology in acute liver failure (ALF), acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), and decompensated cirrhosis (CHD). Histological examination and immunohistochemical analysis of proliferating hepatocytes and activated hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) were performed on the liver tissue of patients with ALF (25), ACLF (70), and CHD (70). Comparative analysis of regenerative markers and correlation with histological parameters were done in ALF, ACLF, and CHD. Hepatocytes proliferated significantly more in ALF in comparison to ACLF (p?regenerative potential in ACLF. PMID:24590583

Rastogi, Archana; Maiwall, Rakhi; Bihari, Chhagan; Trehanpati, Nirupma; Pamecha, Viniyendra; Sarin, Shiv Kumar

2014-05-01

283

Complement-triggered pathways orchestrate regenerative responses throughout phylogenesis  

PubMed Central

Adult tissue plasticity, cell reprogramming, and organ regeneration are major challenges in the field of modern regenerative medicine. Devising strategies to increase the regenerative capacity of tissues holds great promise for dealing with donor organ shortages and low transplantation outcomes and also provides essential impetus to tissue bioengineering approaches for organ repair and replacement. The inherent ability of cells to reprogram their fate by switching into an embryonic-like, pluripotent progenitor state is an evolutionary vestige that in mammals has been retained mostly in fetal tissues and persists only in a few organs of the adult body. Tissue regeneration reflects the capacity of terminally differentiated cells to re-enter the cell cycle and proliferate in response to acute injury or environmental stress signals. In lower vertebrates, this regenerative capacity extends to several organs and remarkably culminates in precise tissue patterning, through cellular transdifferentiation and complex morphogenetic processes that can faithfully reconstruct entire body parts. Many lessons have been learned from robust regeneration models in amphibians such as the newt and axolotl. However, the dynamic interactions between the regenerating tissue, the surrounding stroma, and the host immune response, as it adapts to the actively proliferating tissue, remain ill-defined. The regenerating zone, through a sequence of distinct molecular events, adopts phenotypic plasticity and undergoes rigorous tissue remodeling that, in turn, evokes a significant inflammatory response. Complement is a primordial sentinel of the innate immune response that engages in multiple inflammatory cascades as it becomes activated during tissue injury and remodeling. In this respect, complement proteins have been implicated in tissue and organ regeneration in both urodeles and mammals. Distinct complement-triggered pathways have been shown to modulate critical responses that promote tissue reprogramming, pattern formation, and regeneration across phylogenesis. This article will discuss the mechanistic insights underlying the crosstalk of complement with cytokine and growth factor signaling pathways that drive tissue regeneration and will provide a unified conceptual framework for considering complement modulation as a novel target for regenerative therapeutics.

Mastellos, Dimitrios C.; DeAngelis, Robert A.; Lambris, John D.

2014-01-01

284

Regenerative soot as a source of broad band VUV light  

Microsoft Academic Search

:   A mechanism is proposed for the emission of a broad band VUV light to be emitted from the regenerative sooting discharges\\u000a on the basis of unusually intense intercombination lines of C+(CII) and C++(CIII) that have been observed. Comparison of these high intensity intercombination lines with the allowed transitions of\\u000a the highly excited and ionized C constituents of the sooting

Shoaib Ahmad

2003-01-01

285

Regenerative amplification in alexandrite of pulses from specialized oscillators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An alexandrite regenerative amplifier, used to amplify the output of various specialized oscillators, is described. Nanosecond pulses from a narrow-frequency CW-pumped dye laser, picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser, and femtosecond pulses from a synchronously pumped dye laser were amplified by 6-10 orders of magnitude in a single stage while conserving the temporal and spectral profiles characteristic to the oscillators.

Bado, Philippe; Pessot, Maurice; Squier, Jeff; Mourou, Gerard A.; Harter, Donald J.

1988-06-01

286

Status of the Regenerative ECLSS Water Recovery System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has completed the delivery of the regenerative Water Recovery System (WRS) for the International Space Station (ISS). The major assemblies included in this system are the Water Processor Assembly (WPA) and Urine Processor Assembly (UPA). This paper summarizes the final effort to deliver the hardware to the Kennedy Space Center for launch on STS-126, the on-orbit status as of April 2009, and describes some of the technical challenges encountered and lessons learned over the past year.

Carter, Donald Layne

2009-01-01

287

The Application of Microwave Incineration to Regenerative Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Future human exploration missions will require life support systems that are highly regenerative, requiring minimum resupply, enabling the crews to be largely self-sufficient. Solid wastes generated in space will be processed to recover usable material. Researchers at NASA Ames Research Center are studying a commercially-produced microwave incinerator as a solid waste processor. This paper will describe the results of testing to-date.

Sun, Sidney C.; Srinivasan, Venkatesh; Covington, Al (Technical Monitor)

1995-01-01

288

Potential regenerative treatment strategies for intervertebral disc degeneration in dogs.  

PubMed

Pain due to spontaneous intervertebral disc (IVD) disease is common in dogs. In chondrodystrophic (CD) dogs, IVD disease typically develops in the cervical or thoracolumbar spine at about 3-7 years of age, whereas in non-chondrodystrophic (NCD) dogs, it usually develops in the caudal cervical or lumbosacral spine at about 6-8 years of age. IVD degeneration is characterized by changes in the biochemical composition and mechanical integrity of the IVD. In the degenerated IVD, the content of glycosaminoglycan (GAG, a proteoglycan side chain) decreases and that of denatured collagen increases. Dehydration leads to tearing of the annulus fibrosus (AF) and/or disc herniation, which is clinically characterized by pain and/or neurological signs. Current treatments (physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory/analgesic medication, surgery) for IVD disease may resolve neurological deficits and reduce pain (although in many cases insufficient), but do not lead to repair of the degenerated disc. For this reason, there is interest in new regenerative therapies that can repair the degenerated disc matrix, resulting in restoration of the biomechanical function of the IVD. CD dogs are considered a suitable animal model for human IVD degeneration because of their spontaneous IVD degeneration, and therefore studies investigating cell-, growth factor-, and/or gene therapy-based regenerative therapies with this model provide information relevant to both human and canine patients. The aim of this article is to review potential regenerative treatment strategies for canine IVD degeneration, with specific emphasis on cell-based strategies. PMID:24387033

Bach, Frances C; Willems, Nicole; Penning, Louis C; Ito, Keita; Meij, Björn P; Tryfonidou, Marianna A

2014-01-01

289

Powering MEMS portable devices—a review of non-regenerative and regenerative power supply systems with special emphasis on piezoelectric energy harvesting systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power consumption is forecast by the International Technology Roadmap of Semiconductors (ITRS) to pose long-term technical challenges for the semiconductor industry. The purpose of this paper is threefold: (1) to provide an overview of strategies for powering MEMS via non-regenerative and regenerative power supplies; (2) to review the fundamentals of piezoelectric energy harvesting, along with recent advancements, and (3) to

K A Cook-Chennault; N Thambi; A M Sastry

2008-01-01

290

Thymic hyperplasia in a patient with Grave's disease.  

PubMed

Hyperplastic changes of the thymus may be found in patients with Graves' disease. However, this rarely presents as an anterior mediastinal mass, particularly among adults. In this report, we describe a 46-year old woman with Graves' disease and thymic hyperplasia. PMID:22321290

Hamzaoui, Amira A; Klii, Rim R; Salem, Randa R; Kochtali, Ines I; Golli, Mondher M; Mahjoub, Silvia S

2012-01-01

291

Mistaken gender identity in non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Gender identity is the sense of belonging that one feels for a particular sex psychologically and socially, independent of one's biological sex. There is much less systematic data on gender identity in females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We report a case of non-classical CAH presenting as a case of gender identity disorder.

Kukreti, Prerna; Kandpal, Manish; Jiloha, R. C.

2014-01-01

292

Therapeutic options in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Current theraputic options for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are reviewed. Therapeutic options for mild lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), as defined by the American Urological Association, are generally treated medically. Moderate to severe LUTS can be treated medically or with surgical therapy. Current medical and surgical treatments for LUTS secondary to BPH are reviewed and evolving treatments are explored.

Sandhu, Jaspreet S

2009-01-01

293

Mistaken gender identity in non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Gender identity is the sense of belonging that one feels for a particular sex psychologically and socially, independent of one's biological sex. There is much less systematic data on gender identity in females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We report a case of non-classical CAH presenting as a case of gender identity disorder. PMID:24891708

Kukreti, Prerna; Kandpal, Manish; Jiloha, R C

2014-04-01

294

Surgical management of mandibular condylar hyperplasia type 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared outcomes of two surgical methods for patients diagnosed with active condylar hyperplasia type 1. Group 1 (n = 12) was treated with orthognathic surgery only, while group 2 (n = 42) was treated with high condylectomies, articular disc repositioning, and orthognathic surgery. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups for maximum incisal opening, lateral

Larry M. Wolford; Carlos A. Morales-Ryan; Patricia García-Morales; Daniel Perez

2009-01-01

295

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia presenting as an axillary artery aneurysm  

PubMed Central

A man in his late 20s presented with a painless swelling in his left axilla accompanied with nocturnal sweating. On examination, there was a well circumscribed, pulsatile lump within the axilla. Subsequent imaging revealed an axillary artery aneurysm with thrombus within. Subsequent surgical repair was undertaken. Subsequent histological examination of the vessel revealed features characteristic of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

Kukreja, Neil; Koslowski, Matthias; Insall, Robert

2011-01-01

296

Thymic hyperplasia in a patient with Grave's disease  

PubMed Central

Hyperplastic changes of the thymus may be found in patients with Graves' disease. However, this rarely presents as an anterior mediastinal mass, particularly among adults. In this report, we describe a 46-year old woman with Graves' disease and thymic hyperplasia.

2012-01-01

297

Thymic hyperplasia. A clue to the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.  

PubMed

The association of simultaneous abnormalities of the thyroid and thymus is well documented, particularly in the case of Graves' disease. We present a case of a natural death following thyroid storm in which marked thymic hyperplasia was present. This finding can be helpful in determining the cause of death. PMID:2220714

Fyfe, B; Dominguez, F; Poppiti, R J

1990-09-01

298

Not so benign endometrial hyperplasia: Endometrial cancer after endometrial ablation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The masking or development of endometrial cancer after endometrial ablation is a concern often alluded to in discussions of complications of endometrial ablation. It is necessary to look for a common factor when this complication occurs. Six cases published in peer-reviewed literature were collected to establish a link between the development of endometrial cancer and endometrial ablation. Preexisting endometrial hyperplasia

Richard J. Gimpelson

1997-01-01

299

Monoclonal origin of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia and some vulvar hyperplasias.  

PubMed Central

Squamous neoplasms of the female genital tract, including vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, presumably are derived from a single cell. This study addressed this hypothesis and determined the clonal status of other squamous epithelial alterations associated with vulvar carcinoma, including hyperplasia and lichen sclerosis. X chromosome inactivation patterns of 22 epithelial lesions and matched normal epithelium were determined using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay targeting the X-linked human androgen receptor gene (HUMARA). Clonality was inferred by comparing matched lesional and control tissues as follows: 1) monoclonal, if intensity of either PCR product was skewed relative to normal reference epithelium (control), 2) polyclonal, if both lesional and control were unskewed, and 3) unknown, if both lesion and control tissues were skewed toward the same allele. Two cases were excluded because of noninformative homozygous HUMARA alleles. Of 8 vulvar intraepithelial neoplasias analyzed, 7 were scored monoclonal and 1 polyclonal. Of 12 hyperplasias, 6 were monoclonal, including one with lichen sclerosis, 2 were polyclonal, and in 4, the clonal status could not be determined. The PCR-based clonal assay supports a monoclonal derivation for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia and, in some cases, vulvar hyperplasia, and lichen sclerosis. The finding of monoclonal hyperplasia and lichen sclerosis suggests that clonal expansion may evolve before the development of morphological atypia in these epithelia. Images Figure 1 Figure 2

Tate, J. E.; Mutter, G. L.; Boynton, K. A.; Crum, C. P.

1997-01-01

300

Paradigm lost: a perspective on the design and interpretation of regenerative endodontic research.  

PubMed

Regenerative endodontic procedures are rapidly gaining the attention of clinicians and investigators alike. However, it is often challenging to understand various regenerative studies and to interpret their results. The present review addresses this problem by focusing on recent strategies for developing standardized clinical protocols, understanding the full spectrum of clinical and translational research and its relationship to selection of proper outcome measures, as well as reviewing the fundamental role of paradigms in designing and interpreting regenerative studies. PMID:24698697

Hargreaves, Kenneth M; Diogenes, Anibal; Teixeira, Fabricio B

2014-04-01

301

Men's Theories About Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Prostate Cancer Following a Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Decision Aid  

PubMed Central

Objective To use qualitative methods to explore audiotape evidence of unanticipated confusion between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer in using a videotape BPH treatment decision aid (DA). Design Qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews and surveys originally collected to study men's interpretation of a DA. Setting and Participants Community sample of college and noncollege educated African American and white men (age?50; n=188). Measures Transcript analysis identified themes in men's comments about BPH and cancer. Surveys measured BPH general and prostate cancer-specific knowledge, literacy (Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults), BPH symptoms, and demographics. Results In transcript analysis, 18/188 men spontaneously talked about BPH and cancer as being related to each other, despite explicit statements to the contrary in the video. Survey data suggest that up to 126/188 men (67%) persisted in misconceptions even after viewing the DA video. Three themes were identified in the transcripts: (1) BPH and cancer are equated, (2) BPH surgery is for the purpose of removing cancer, and (3) BPH leads to cancer. Conclusions Overall knowledge increases with DA use may mask incorrect theories of disease process. Further research should identify decision support designs and clinical counseling strategies to address persistence of beliefs contrary to new information presented in evidence-based DAs.

Holmes-Rovner, Margaret; Price, Chrystal; Rovner, David R; Kelly-Blake, Karen; Lillie, Janet; Wills, Celia; Bonham, Vence L

2006-01-01

302

Serenoa repens for benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Background Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate, can lead to obstructive and irritative lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The pharmacologic use of plants and herbs (phytotherapy) for the treatment of LUTS associated with BPH is common. The extract of the berry of the American saw palmetto, or dwarf palm plant, Serenoa repens (also known by its botanical name of Sabal serrulatum), is one of several phytotherapeutic agents available for the treatment of BPH. Objectives This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of Serenoa repens in the treatment of LUTS consistent with BPH. Search strategy Trials were searched in computerized general and specialized databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library), by checking bibliographies, and by handsearching the relevant literature. Selection criteria Trials were eligible if they (1) randomized men with symptomatic BPH to receive preparations of Serenoa repens (alone or in combination) for at least four weeks in comparison with placebo or other interventions, and (2) included clinical outcomes such as urologic symptom scales, symptoms, and urodynamic measurements. Eligibility was assessed by at least two independent observers. Data collection and analysis Information on patients, interventions, and outcomes was extracted by at least two independent reviewers using a standard form. The main outcome measure for comparing the effectiveness of Serenoa repens with placebo or other interventions was the change in urologic symptom-scale scores. Secondary outcomes included changes in nocturia and urodynamic measures. The main outcome measure for side effects or adverse events was the number of men reporting side effects. Main results In this update 9 new trials involving 2053 additional men (a 64.8% increase) have been included. For the main comparison - Serenoa repens versus placebo - 3 trials were added with 419 subjects and 3 endpoints (IPSS, peak urine flow, prostate size). Overall, 5222 subjects from 30 randomized trials lasting from 4 to 60 weeks were assessed. Twenty-six trials were double blinded and treatment allocation concealment was adequate in eighteen studies. Serenoa repens was not superior to placebo in improving IPSS urinary symptom scores, (WMD (weighted mean difference) ?0.77 points, 95% CI ?2.88 to 1.34, P > 0.05; 2 trials), finasteride (MD (mean difference) 0.40 points, 95% CI ?0.57 to 1.37, P > 0.05; 1 trial), or tamsulosin (WMD ?0.52 points, 95% CI ?1.91 to 0.88, P > 0.05; 2 trials). For nocturia, Serenoa repens was significantly better than placebo (WMD ?0.78 nocturnal visits, 95% CI ?1.34 to ?0.22, P < 0.05; 9 trials), but with the caveat of significant heterogeneity (I2 = 66%). A sensitivity analysis, utilizing higher quality, larger trials (? 40 subjects), demonstrated no significant difference (WMD ?0.31 nocturnal visits, 95% CI ?0.70 to 0.08, P > 0.05; 5 trials) (I2 = 11%). Serenoa repens was not superior to finasteride (MD ?0.05 nocturnal visits, 95% CI ?0.49 to 0.39, P > 0.05; 1 trial), or to tamsulosin (per cent improvement) (RR) (risk ratio) 0.91, 95% CI 0.66 to 1.27, P > 0.05; 1 trial). Comparing peak urine flow, Serenoa repens was not superior to placebo at trial endpoint (WMD 1.02 mL/s, 95% CI ?0.14 to 2.19, P > 0.05; 10 trials), or by comparing mean change (WMD 0.31 mL/s, 95% CI ?0.56 to 1.17, P > 0.05; 2 trials). Comparing prostate size at endpoint, there was no significant difference between Serenoa repens and placebo (MD ?1.05 cc, 95% CI ?8.84 to 6.75, P > 0.05; 2 trials), or by comparing mean change (MD ?1.22 cc, 95% CI ?3.91 to 1.47, P > 0.05; 1 trial). Authors’ conclusions Serenoa repens was not more effective than placebo for treatment of urinary symptoms consistent with BPH.

Tacklind, James; MacDonald, Roderick; Rutks, Indy; Wilt, Timothy J

2011-01-01

303

Development of a cell sheet transportation technique for regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Purpose: A transportation technique for cell sheets is necessary to standardize regenerative medicine. The aim of this article is to develop and evaluate a new transportation technique for cell sheets. Material and Methods: We developed a transportation container with three basic functions: the maintenance of interior temperature, air pressure, and sterility. The interior temperature and air pressure were monitored by a recorder. Human oral mucosal epithelial cells obtained from two healthy volunteers were cultured on temperature-responsive culture dishes. The epithelial cell sheets were transported via an airplane between the Osaka University and Tohoku University using the developed cell transportation container. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses and flow cytometric analyses for cell viability and cell purity were performed for the cell sheets before and 12?h after transportation to assess the influence of transportation on the cell sheets. Sterility tests and screening for endotoxin and mycoplasma in the cell sheets were performed before and after transportation. Results: During transportation via an airplane, the temperature inside the container was maintained above 32°C, and the changes in air pressure remained within 10?hPa. The cell sheets were well stratified and successfully harvested before and after transportation. The expression patterns of keratin 3/76, p63, and MUC16 were equivalent before and after transportation. However, the expression of ZO-1 in the cell sheet after transportation was slightly weaker than that before transportation. The cell viability was 72.0% before transportation and 77.3% after transportation. The epithelial purity was 94.6% before transportation and 87.9% after transportation. Sterility tests and screening for endotoxin and mycoplasma were negative for all cell sheets. Conclusion: The newly developed transportation technique for air travel is essential technology for regenerative medicine and promotes the standardization and spread of regenerative therapies. PMID:24044382

Oie, Yoshinori; Nozaki, Takayuki; Takayanagi, Hiroshi; Hara, Susumu; Hayashi, Ryuhei; Takeda, Shizu; Mori, Keisuke; Moriya, Noboru; Soma, Takeshi; Tsujikawa, Motokazu; Saito, Kazuo; Nishida, Kohji

2014-05-01

304

Stem cells, regenerative medicine, and animal models of disease.  

PubMed

The field of stem cell biology and regenerative medicine is rapidly moving toward translation to clinical practice, and in doing so has become even more dependent on animal donors and hosts for generating cellular reagents and assaying their potential therapeutic efficacy in models of human disease. Advances in cell culture technologies have revealed a remarkable plasticity of stem cells from embryonic and adult tissues, and transplantation models are now needed to test the ability of these cells to protect at-risk cells and replace cells lost to injury or disease. With such a mandate, issues related to acceptable sources and controversial (e.g., chimeric) models have challenged the field to provide justification of their potential efficacy before the passage of new restrictions that may curb anticipated breakthroughs. Progress from the use of both in vitro and in vivo regenerative medicine models already offers hope both for the facilitation of stem cell phenotyping in recursive gene expression profile models and for the use of stem cells as powerful new therapeutic reagents for cancer, stroke, Parkinson's, and other challenging human diseases that result in movement disorders. This article describes research in support of the following three objectives: (1) To discover the best stem or progenitor cell in vitro protocols for isolating, expanding, and priming these cells to facilitate their massive propagation into just the right type of neuronal precursor cell for protection or replacement protocols for brain injury or disease, including those that affect movement such as Parkinson's disease and stroke; (2) To discover biogenic factors--compounds that affect stem/progenitor cells (e.g., from high-throughput screening and other bioassay approaches)--that will encourage reactive cell genesis, survival, selected differentiation, and restoration of connectivity in central nervous system movement and other disorders; and (3) To establish the best animal models of human disease and injury, using both small and large animals, for testing new regenerative medicine therapeutics. PMID:17712220

Steindler, Dennis A

2007-01-01

305

Integration of regenerative shock absorber into vehicle electric system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Regenerative/Energy harvesting shock absorbers have a great potential to increase fuel efficiency and provide suspension damping simultaneously. In recent years there's intensive work on this topic, but most researches focus on electricity extraction from vibration and harvesting efficiency improvement. The integration of electricity generated from regenerative shock absorbers into vehicle electric system, which is very important to realize the fuel efficiency benefit, has not been investigated. This paper is to study and demonstrate the integration of regenerative shock absorber with vehicle alternator, battery and in-vehicle electrical load together. In the presented system, the shock absorber is excited by a shaker and it converts kinetic energy into electricity. The harvested electricity flows into a DC/DC converter which realizes two functions: controlling the shock absorber's damping and regulating the output voltage. The damping is tuned by controlling shock absorber's output current, which is also the input current of DC/DC converter. By adjusting the duty cycles of switches in the converter, its input impedance together with input current can be adjusted according to dynamic damping requirements. An automotive lead-acid battery is charged by the DC/DC converter's output. To simulate the working condition of combustion engine, an AC motor is used to drive a truck alternator, which also charges the battery. Power resistors are used as battery's electrical load to simulate in-vehicle electrical devices. Experimental results show that the proposed integration strategy can effectively utilize the harvested electricity and power consumption of the AC motor is decreased accordingly. This proves the combustion engine's load reduction and fuel efficiency improvement.

Zhang, Chongxiao; Li, Peng; Xing, Shaoxu; Kim, Junyoung; Yu, Liangyao; Zuo, Lei

2014-03-01

306

Status of the Regenerative ECLSS Water Recovery System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is developing a regenerative water recovery system (WRS) for deployment on the International Space Station (ISS), The major assemblies included in this system are the Water Processor Assembly (WPA) and Urine Processor Assembly (UPA). The WPA has been developed by Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems International (HSSSI), Inc., while the UPA has been developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). Test and verification activities have been completed for the system and planning for launch and on-orbit activation is underway. This paper summarizes the status as of April 2007 and describes some of the technical challenges encountered and lessons learned over the past year.

Bagdigian, Robert M.; Carter, D. Layne; Bedard, John

2007-01-01

307

Performance of a transpiration-regenerative cooled rocket thrust chamber  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The analysis, design, fabrication, and testing of a liquid rocket engine thrust chamber which is gas transpiration cooled in the high heat flux convergent portion of the chamber and water jacket cooled (simulated regenerative) in the barrel and divergent sections of the chamber are described. The engine burns LOX-hydrogen propellants at a chamber pressure of 600 psia. Various transpiration coolant flow rates were tested with resultant local hot gas wall temperatures in the 800 F to 1400 F range. The feasibility of transpiration cooling with hydrogen and helium, and the use of photo-etched copper platelets for heat transfer and coolant metering was successfully demonstrated.

Valler, H. W.

1979-01-01

308

Propellant feed system of a regeneratively cooled scramjet  

SciTech Connect

An expander cycle for an airframe-integrated hydrogen-fueled scramjet is analyzed to study regenerative cooling characteristics and overall specific impulse. Below Mach 10, the specific impulse and thrust coincide with the reference values. At Mach numbers above 10, a reduction of the specific impulse occurs due to the coolant flow rate requirement, which is accompanied by an increase of thrust. It is shown that the thrust may be increased by injecting excess fuel into the combustor to compensate for the decrease of the specific impulse. 9 refs.

Kanda, Takeshi; Masuya, Goro; Wakamatsu, Yoshio (National Aerospace Laboratory, Kakuda (Japan))

1991-04-01

309

High Pressure Regenerative Turbine Engine: 21st Century Propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A novel semi-closed cycle gas turbine engine was demonstrated and was found to meet the program goals. The proof-of-principle test of the High Pressure Regenerative Turbine Engine produced data that agreed well with models, enabling more confidence in designing future prototypes based on this concept. Emission levels were significantly reduced as predicted as a natural attribute of this power cycle. Engine testing over a portion of the operating range allowed verification of predicted power increases compared to the baseline.

Lear, W. E.; Laganelli, A. L.; Senick, Paul (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

310

Regenerative Medicine for Epilepsy: From Basic Research to Clinical Application  

PubMed Central

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder, which presents with various forms of seizures. Traditional treatments, including medication using antiepileptic drugs, remain the treatment of choice for epilepsy. Recent development in surgical techniques and approaches has improved treatment outcomes. However, several epileptic patients still suffer from intractable seizures despite the advent of the multimodality of therapies. In this article, we initially provide an overview of clinical presentation of epilepsy then describe clinically relevant animal models of epilepsy. Subsequently, we discuss the concepts of regenerative medicine including cell therapy, neuroprotective agents, and electrical stimulation, which are reviewed within the context of our data.

Yasuhara, Takao; Agari, Takashi; Kameda, Masahiro; Kondo, Akihiko; Kuramoto, Satoshi; Jing, Meng; Sasaki, Tatsuya; Toyoshima, Atsuhiko; Sasada, Susumu; Sato, Kenichiro; Shinko, Aiko; Wakamori, Takaaki; Okuma, Yu; Miyoshi, Yasuyuki; Tajiri, Naoki; Borlongan, Cesario V.; Date, Isao

2013-01-01

311

New approach in dynamics of regenerative chatter research of turning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, regenerative chatter phenomena in a turning process is discussed from impulsive dynamical point of view. By introducing the instantaneous pulse when vibration occurs and the vibratory condition set, we optimize the models and present a certain kind of second-order impulsive differential systems, which is a specific discontinuous dynamical system. Then we search for the general results of the nonoccurrence of chatter phenomena by discussing the number of the vibration pulse times, utilizing the method of flow theory in discontinuous systems and transversal property at the boundary. Our results give a convenient way to estimate the available parameters to keep the turning process stable.

Fu, Xilin; Zheng, Shasha

2014-11-01

312

Regeneratively cooled rocket engine for space storable propellants  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analysis, design, fabrication, and test efforts were performed for the existing OF2/B2H6 regeneratively cooled lK (4448 N) thrust chamber to illustrate simultaneous B2H6 fuel and OF2 oxidizer cooling and to provide results for a gaseous propellant condition injected into the combustion chamber. Data derived from performance, thermal and flow measurements confirmed predictions derived from previous test work and from concurrent analytical study. Development data derived from the experimental study were indicated to be sufficient to develop a preflight thrust chamber demonstrator prototype for future space mission objectives.

Wagner, W. R.

1973-01-01

313

An alexandrite regenerative amplifier for water vapor and temperature measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) technique is a powerful method for determining meteorological parameters, but it requires high quality of the laser source: high energy, very narrow bandwidth, high wavelength stability, and spectral purity. Although many efforts have been made to improve the lasers in view of these aspects, a satisfactory solution has not been demonstrated up to now. We describe a regenerative amplifier, using a Ti:sapphire laser as master oscillator and an alexandrite laser as slave amplifier, which is expected to meet the requirements for water vapor concentration and temperature measurements.

Thro, P.-Y.; Boesenberg, J.; Wulfmeyer, V.

1992-01-01

314

Revisiting the relationship between regenerative ability and aging  

PubMed Central

Contrary to the longstanding view that newts (Notophthalamus viridescens), but not axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum), can regenerate a lens, a recent report in BMC Biology by Panagiotis Tsonis and colleagues shows axolotls indeed possess this ability during early larval stages. In contrast, they show that zebrafish never posses this ability, even as embryos. This underscores the importance of comparing regenerative ability across species and reinforces the need to consider organ regeneration in the context of evolution, development, and aging. See research article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/10/103

2013-01-01

315

Complement-triggered pathways orchestrate regenerative responses throughout phylogenesis.  

PubMed

Adult tissue plasticity, cell reprogramming, and organ regeneration are major challenges in the field of modern regenerative medicine. Devising strategies to increase the regenerative capacity of tissues holds great promise for dealing with donor organ shortages and low transplantation outcomes and also provides essential impetus to tissue bioengineering approaches for organ repair and replacement. The inherent ability of cells to reprogram their fate by switching into an embryonic-like, pluripotent progenitor state is an evolutionary vestige that in mammals has been retained mostly in fetal tissues and persists only in a few organs of the adult body. Tissue regeneration reflects the capacity of terminally differentiated cells to re-enter the cell cycle and proliferate in response to acute injury or environmental stress signals. In lower vertebrates, this regenerative capacity extends to several organs and remarkably culminates in precise tissue patterning, through cellular transdifferentiation and complex morphogenetic processes that can faithfully reconstruct entire body parts. Many lessons have been learned from robust regeneration models in amphibians such as the newt and axolotl. However, the dynamic interactions between the regenerating tissue, the surrounding stroma, and the host immune response, as it adapts to the actively proliferating tissue, remain ill-defined. The regenerating zone, through a sequence of distinct molecular events, adopts phenotypic plasticity and undergoes rigorous tissue remodeling that, in turn, evokes a significant inflammatory response. Complement is a primordial sentinel of the innate immune response that engages in multiple inflammatory cascades as it becomes activated during tissue injury and remodeling. In this respect, complement proteins have been implicated in tissue and organ regeneration in both urodeles and mammals. Distinct complement-triggered pathways have been shown to modulate critical responses that promote tissue reprogramming, pattern formation, and regeneration across phylogenesis. This article will discuss the mechanistic insights underlying the crosstalk of complement with cytokine and growth factor signaling pathways that drive tissue regeneration and will provide a unified conceptual framework for considering complement modulation as a novel target for regenerative therapeutics. PMID:23684626

Mastellos, Dimitrios C; Deangelis, Robert A; Lambris, John D

2013-02-01

316

Regenerative cooling for liquid propellant rocket thrust chambers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work describes a calculation model for regeneratively cooled rocket thrust chambers. A computational program, based on a one-dimensional coolant pressure drop in the cooling channels. Radiation is included in the model. The channels have rectangular cross sections, the dimensions being determined during the calculations in order to maintain the wall temperature distributions at tolerable levels, with a minimum channel pressure drop. Several wall materials were investigated, as well as the employment of the hydrocarbon fuels JP-4 and JP-5 and Aerozine 50 as coolants. The influence of many design parameters on the cooling system performance is verified for the analysis of the system capabilities and limitations.

Rubin, Rafael Levy

1994-04-01

317

Aquaculture in bio-regenerative life support systems (BLSS): Considerations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A significant amount of research has been invested into understanding the effects of including fish culture in bio-regenerative life support systems (BLSS) for long duration space habitation. While the benefits of fish culture as a sub-process for waste treatment and food production continue to be identified, other pressing issues arise that affect the overall equivalent system mass associated with fish culture in a BLSS. This paper is meant to provide insight into several issues affecting fish culture in a BLSS that will require attention in the future if fish meant for consumption are to be cultured in a BLSS.

Gonzales, John M.

2009-04-01

318

[Nodular pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast in two adolescents].  

PubMed

Nodular pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia is a very rare benign breast lesion found in 0.4% of biopsies. It usually presents as a fast-growing palpable lesion in women between 30 and 40 years of age and is exceptionally rare in adolescents. Histological examination reveals a proliferation of stromal cells from connective tissue forming anastomosed empty pseudovascular spaces lined with myofibroblasts. We present the cases of two adolescents (13 and 18 years old) with fast-growing palpable breast nodules. Both underwent breast ultrasonography and core biopsy. The ultrasonographic findings of nodular pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia were indistinguishable from those reported for juvenile fibroadenoma and for phyllodes tumor. Thus, histological study was required for the definitive diagnosis. Treatment depends on the size of the nodule. In our two patients, the lesion was surgically excised through tumorectomy and mastectomy. PMID:21737108

Gallardo Muńoz, I; Raya Povedano, J L; Santos Romero, A L

2012-01-01

319

[Do we need congenital adrenal hyperplasia screening for premature infants?].  

PubMed

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia neonatal screening has been introduced in France since 1995. A recent survey has questioned its relevance in premature infants because of a high number of false positives and a low positive predictive value of 17-hydroxyprogesterone dosage. A workgroup at the French screening association (Association française de dépistage et de prévention des handicaps de l'enfant) collected all the epidemiological, clinical and biological data of premature children presenting with adrenal hyperplasia from the national cohort. Their results were compared with those of healthy premature children. All the data showed that the screening in children born before 32 weeks of gestational age is irrelevant, but that it is efficient after this term. A pilot study has been implemented in population to evaluate the opportunity to discontinue this screening in extreme preterm neonates. PMID:24361036

Huet, F; Godefroy, A; Cheillan, D; Somma, C; Roussey, M

2014-02-01

320

Response to treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in infancy.  

PubMed Central

Nine infants with congenital adrenal hyperplasia were started on replacement doses of hydrocortisone (20.6-32.6 mg/m2/day) without receiving a high dose for an initial period first. Plasma adrenal steroid concentrations fell to acceptable levels by 3 months of age. Adequate biochemical control was maintained and satisfactory growth achieved even though the mean dose of hydrocortisone had been reduced to 15 mg/m2/day by the age of 3 years. Inadvertent overtreatment and growth suppression in infants with congenital adrenal hyperplasia may be avoided by using replacement doses from the start, and by permitting the relative dose of hydrocortisone to fall as the body surface area increases during the first year of life.

Young, M C; Hughes, I A

1990-01-01

321

Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia: risks outweigh benefits.  

PubMed

Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia by administering dexamethasone to a woman presumed to be carrying an at-risk fetus has been described as safe and effective in several reports. A review of data from animal experimentation and human trials indicates that first-trimester dexamethasone decreases birthweight; affects renal, pancreatic beta cell, and brain development; increases anxiety; and predisposes to adult hypertension and hyperglycemia. In human studies, first-trimester dexamethasone is associated with orofacial clefts, decreased birthweight, poorer verbal working memory, and poorer self-perception of scholastic and social competence. Numerous medical societies have cautioned that prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia with dexamethasone should only be done in prospective clinical research settings with institutional review board approval, and therefore is not appropriate for routine community practice. PMID:23123167

Miller, Walter L; Witchel, Selma Feldman

2013-05-01

322

Thyrotoxic myopathy mimicking myasthenic syndrome associated with thymic hyperplasia.  

PubMed

A 41-year-old man with progressive limb weakness manifested fluctuating muscle weakness as seen in myasthenia gravis (MG). Laboratory investigations revealed hyperthyroidism without the complication of MG. Electrophysiological studies demonstrated abnormal features of neuromuscular transmissions resembling those of the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome rather than those of MG. A CT scan showed a mediastinal mass that suggested thymic hyperplasia which often complicates MG or hyperthyroidism. Medical treatment of hyperthyroidism resulted in resolution of MG-like symptoms and regression of thymic hyperplasia on CT concomitant with normalization of thyroid function. This case highlights the fact that careful investigations are needed to differentiate MG-like symptoms from genuine MG in cases of hyperthyroidism with thymic lesions. PMID:18310980

Tsuda, Emiko; Imai, Tomihiro; Matsumura, Akihiro; Hisahara, Shin; Nonaka, Michio; Shiraishi, Hirokazu; Motomura, Masakatsu; Shimohama, Shun

2008-01-01

323

[Laser tonsillectomy in tonsillar hyperplasia of early childhood].  

PubMed

Tonsillotomy, the partial resection of hyperplastic tonsils, is generally rejected in Germany as a treatment option for obstructions of the isthmus faucium in early childhood. We think this approach merits consideration. The favorable results obtained with tonsillotomy in the University Hospital Benjamin Franklin (n = 637), a private clinic, and an ENT practice with surgical facilities (n = 189) showed that there is no justification for adhering to literature reports of severe late complications with scarred tonsillar crypts and peritonsillar abscesses. No patient has developed any of these complications thus far. Following tonsillotomy, preoperative complaints (snoring, respiratory obstruction, dysphagia, and failure to grow) decreased considerably. Thus, tonsillotomy proved to be a suitable modality for treating tonsillar hyperplasia in early childhood. The prerequisite for long-term success is strict limitation of this intervention to the diagnosis of tonsillar hyperplasia. PMID:12089813

Helling, K; Abrams, J; Bertram, W K; Hohner, S; Scherer, H

2002-05-01

324

Regeneratively Cooled Liquid Oxygen/Methane Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) has identified Liquid Oxygen (LOX)/Liquid Methane (LCH4) as a potential propellant combination for future space vehicles based upon exploration studies. The technology is estimated to have higher performance and lower overall systems mass compared to existing hypergolic propulsion systems. NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in concert with industry partner Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) utilized a Space Act Agreement to test an oxygen/methane engine system in the Summer of 2010. PWR provided a 5,500 lbf (24,465 N) LOX/LCH4 regenerative cycle engine to demonstrate advanced thrust chamber assembly hardware and to evaluate the performance characteristics of the system. The chamber designs offered alternatives to traditional regenerative engine designs with improvements in cost and/or performance. MSFC provided the test stand, consumables and test personnel. The hot fire testing explored the effective cooling of one of the thrust chamber designs along with determining the combustion efficiency with variations of pressure and mixture ratio. The paper will summarize the status of these efforts.

Robinson, Joel W.; Greene, Christopher B.; Stout, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

325

Therapeutic Potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are stromal cells that have the ability to self-renew and also exhibit multilineage differentiation into both mesenchymal and nonmesenchymal lineages. The intrinsic properties of these cells make them an attractive candidate for clinical applications. MSCs are of keen interest because they can be isolated from a small aspirate of bone marrow or adipose tissues and can be easily expanded in vitro. Moreover, their ability to modulate immune responses makes them an even more attractive candidate for regenerative medicine as allogeneic transplant of these cells is feasible without a substantial risk of immune rejection. MSCs secrete various immunomodulatory molecules which provide a regenerative microenvironment for a variety of injured tissues or organ to limit the damage and to increase self-regulated tissue regeneration. Autologous/allogeneic MSCs delivered via the bloodstream augment the titers of MSCs that are drawn to sites of tissue injury and can accelerate the tissue repair process. MSCs are currently being tested for their potential use in cell and gene therapy for a number of human debilitating diseases and genetic disorders. This paper summarizes the current clinical and nonclinical data for the use of MSCs in tissue repair and potential therapeutic role in various diseases.

Patel, Devang M.; Shah, Jainy; Srivastava, Anand S.

2013-01-01

326

Induced pluripotent stem cells: developmental biology to regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Nuclear reprogramming of somatic cells with ectopic stemness factors to bioengineer pluripotent autologous stem cells signals a new era in regenerative medicine. The study of developmental biology has provided a roadmap for cardiac differentiation from embryonic tissue formation to adult heart muscle rejuvenation. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of stem-cell-derived cardiogenesis enables the reproducible generation, isolation, and monitoring of progenitors that have the capacity to recapitulate embryogenesis and differentiate into mature cardiac tissue. With the advent of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell technology, patient-specific stem cells provide a reference point to systematically decipher cardiogenic differentiation through discrete stages of development. Interrogation of iPS cells and their progeny from selected cohorts of patients is an innovative approach towards uncovering the molecular mechanisms of disease. Thus, the principles of cardiogenesis can now be applied to regenerative medicine in order to optimize personalized therapeutics, diagnostics, and discovery-based science for the development of novel clinical applications. PMID:20956984

Nelson, Timothy J; Martinez-Fernandez, Almudena; Terzic, Andre

2010-12-01

327

Regenerative medicine: advances in new methods and technologies.  

PubMed

The articles published in the journal Cell Transplantation - The Regenerative Medicine Journal over the last two years reveal the recent and future cutting-edge research in the fields of regenerative and transplantation medicine. 437 articles were published from 2007 to 2008, a 17% increase compared to the 373 articles in 2006-2007. Neuroscience was still the most common section in both the number of articles and the percentage of all manuscripts published. The increasing interest and rapid advance in bioengineering technology is highlighted by tissue engineering and bioartificial organs being ranked second again. For a similar reason, the methods and new technologies section increased significantly compared to the last period. Articles focusing on the transplantation of stem cell lineages encompassed almost 20% of all articles published. By contrast, the non-stem cell transplantation group which is made up primarily of islet cells, followed by biomaterials and fetal neural tissue, etc. comprised less than 15%. Transplantation of cells pre-treated with medicine or gene transfection to prolong graft survival or promote differentiation into the needed phenotype, was prevalent in the transplantation articles regardless of the kind of cells used. Meanwhile, the majority of non-transplantation-based articles were related to new devices for various purposes, characterization of unknown cells, medicines, cell preparation and/or optimization for transplantation (e.g. isolation and culture), and disease pathology.
PMID:19865067

Park, Dong-Hyuk; Eve, David J

2009-11-01

328

Regeneratively cooled rocket engine for space storable propellants  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analyses and experimental studies were performed with the OF2 (F2/O2)/B2H6 propellant combination over a range in operating conditions to determine suitability for a space storable pressure fed engine configuration for an extended flight space vehicle configuration. The regenerative cooling mode selected for the thrust chamber was explored in detail with the use of both the fuel and oxidizer as coolants in an advanced milled channel construction thrust chamber design operating at 100 psia chamber pressure and a nominal mixture ratio of 3.0 with a 60:1 area ratio nozzle. Benefits of the simultaneous cooling as related to gaseous injection of both fuel and oxidizer propellants were defined. Heat transfer rates, performance and combustor stability were developed for impinging element triplet injectors in uncooled copper calorimeter hardware with flow, pressure and temperature instrumentation. Evaluation of the capabilities of the B2H6 and OF2 during analytical studies and numerous tests with flow through electrically heated blocks provided design criteria for subsequent regenerative chamber design and fabrication.

Wagner, W. R.; Waldman, B. J.

1973-01-01

329

Johnson Space Center's regenerative life support systems test bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Regenerative Life Support System (RLSS) Test Bed at NASA's Johnson Space Center is an atmospherically closed, controlled environment facility for the evaluation of regenerative life support systems using higher plants in conjunction with physicochemical life support systems. When completed, the facility will be comprised of two large scale plant growth chambers, each with approximately 10 m(exp 2) growing area. One of the two chambers, the Variable Pressure Growth Chamber (VPGC), will be capable of operating at lower atmospheric pressures to evaluate a range of environments that may be used in Lunar or Martian habitats; the other chamber, the Ambient Pressure Growth Chamber (APGC) will operate at ambient atmospheric pressure. The root zone in each chamber will be configurable for hydroponic or solid state media systems. Research will focus on: (1) in situ resource utilization for CELSS systems, in which simulated lunar soils will be used in selected crop growth studies; (2) integration of biological and physicochemical air and water revitalization systems; (3) effect of atmospheric pressure on system performance; and (4) monitoring and control strategies.

Henninger, Donald L.; Tri, Terry O.; Barta, Daniel J.; Stahl, Randal S.

1991-01-01

330

High Energy Density Regenerative Fuel Cell Systems for Terrestrial Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Regenerative Fuel Cell System (RFCS) technology for energy storage has been a NASA power system concept for many years. Compared to battery-based energy storage systems, RFCS has received relatively little attention or resources for development because the energy density and electrical efficiency were not sufficiently attractive relative to advanced battery systems. Even today, RFCS remains at a very low technology readiness level (TRL of about 2 indicating feasibility has been demonstrated). Commercial development of the Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells for automobiles and other terrestrial applications and improvements in lightweight pressure vessel design to reduce weight and improve performance make possible a high energy density RFCS energy storage system. The results from this study of a lightweight RFCS energy storage system for a remotely piloted, solar-powered, high altitude aircraft indicate an energy density up to 790 w-h/kg with electrical efficiency of 53.4% is attainable. Such an energy storage system would allow a solar-powered aircraft to carry hundreds of kilograms of payload and remain in flight indefinitely for use in atmospheric research, earth observation, resource mapping. and telecommunications. Future developments in the areas of hydrogen and oxygen storage, pressure vessel design, higher temperature and higher- pressure fuel cell operation, unitized regenerative fuel cells, and commercial development of fuel cell technology will improve both the energy density and electrical efficiency of the RFCS.

Burke, Kenneth A.

1999-01-01

331

Feasibility study of a simple unitized regenerative fuel cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conventional fuel cells use hydrogen and oxygen as the fuel and oxidant, respectively. Hydrogen and oxygen can be produced through electrolysis of water in an electrochemical cell. A simple unitized regenerative fuel cell (URFC), by combining an electrolyzer and a fuel cell, is constructed to check the feasibility of such a device. In the first cycle, hydrogen and oxygen gases are generated from water containing NaHCO 3 when a given dc voltage is applied across Ni-Co/stainless steel electrodes. A solar photovoltaic cell is also used to provide the power. The generated gases are trapped between their respective electrodes and nylon mesh. In the second cycle, the hydrogen and oxygen gases are used in the same electrochemical cell (fuel cell) to produce electricity under a specific load. The current density and voltage are measured by varying different parameters, e.g., time of electrolysis, magnitude of voltage applied, and electrolyte concentration. An open-circuit voltage (OCV) of 1.3 V is obtained from two regenerative fuel cells in series with a total active electrode area of 300 cm 2. A current density of about 0.5 mA cm -2 is generated using 0.5N NaHCO 3 when 4.5 V is applied for 25 min. A maximum power of 36.5 mW is obtained at 0.21 mA cm -2.

Verma, A.; Basu, S.

332

Johnson Space Center's Regenerative Life Support Systems Test Bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Regenerative Life Support Systems (RLSS) Test Bed at NASA's Johnson Space Center is an atmospherically closed, controlled environment facility for human testing of regenerative life support systems using higher plants in conjunction with physicochemical life support systems. The facility supports NASA's Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. The facility is comprised of two large scale plant growth chambers, each with approximately 11 m2 growing area. The root zone in each chamber is configurable for hydroponic or solid media plant culture systems. One of the two chambers, the Variable Pressure Growth Chamber (VPGC), is capable of operating at lower atmospheric pressures to evaluate a range of environments that may be used in a planetary surface habitat; the other chamber, the Ambient Pressure Growth Chamber (APGC) operates at ambient atmospheric pressure. The air lock of the VPGC is currently being outfitted for short duration (1 to 15 day) human habitation at ambient pressures. Testing with and without human subjects will focus on 1) integration of biological and physicochemical air and water revitalization systems; 2) effect of atmospheric pressure on system performance; 3) planetary resource utilization for ALS systems, in which solid substrates (simulated planetary soils or manufactured soils) are used in selected crop growth studies; 4) environmental microbiology and toxicology; 5) monitoring and control strategies; and 6) plant growth systems design. Included are descriptions of the overall design of the test facility, including discussions of the atmospheric conditioning, thermal control, lighting, and nutrient delivery systems.

Barta, D. J.; Henninger, D. L.

1996-01-01

333

METHODS TO VALIDATE TOOTH-SUPPORTING REGENERATIVE THERAPIES  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY In humans, microbially-induced inflammatory periodontal diseases are the primary initiators that disrupt the functional and structural integrity of the periodontium (i.e., the alveolar bone, the periodontal ligament, and the cementum). The re-establishment of its original structure, properties and function constitutes a significant challenge in the development of new therapies to regenerate tooth-supporting defects. Preclinical models represent an important in vivo tool to critically evaluate and analyze key aspects of novel regenerative therapies including: 1) Safety, 2) Effectiveness, 3) Practicality, and 4) Functional and structural stability over time. Therefore, these models provide foundational data that supports the clinical validation and the development of novel innovative regenerative periodontal technologies. Steps are provided on the use of the root fenestration animal model for the proper evaluation of periodontal outcome measures using the following parameters: descriptive histology, histomorphometry, immunostaining techniques, three-dimensional imaging, electron microscopy, gene expression analyses and safety assessments. These methods will prepare investigators and assist them in identifying key endpoints that can then be adapted to later stage human clinical trials.

Padial-Molina, Miguel; Marchesan, Julie T.; Taut, Andrei D.; Jin, Qiming; Giannobile, William V.; Rios, Hector F.

2012-01-01

334

Lower urinary tract symptoms, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity has emerged as a global public health challenge. During the past 20 years, there has been a dramatic increase in obesity\\u000a in the United States. In 2007, only one state had a prevalence of obesity less than 20%. In this growing epidemic of national\\u000a concern is an emerging relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH),

Anne K. Mongiu; Kevin T. McVary

2009-01-01

335

Efficacy of high condylectomy for management of condylar hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment outcome and long-term stability of 2 groups of young adult patients diagnosed with active condylar hyperplasia and treated with 2 different surgical methods. Thirty-seven patients (19 females and 18 males) met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Group 1 (n = 12; average age at surgery, 17.5 years) was

Larry M. Wolford; Pushkar Mehra; Oscar Reiche-Fischel; Carlos A. Morales-Ryan; Patricia Garc??a-Morales

2002-01-01

336

Primary papillary hyperplasia of the gallbladder mimicking gallbladder cancer.  

PubMed

Abstract Primary papillary hyperplasia of the gallbladder (PPHG) is a rare entity. PPHG is a benign diffuse mucosal projection without any background chronic inflammation-related disease of the gallbladder or bile ducts. Reported cases of PPHG are limited in that its characteristics are not well defined. We herein report a case of PPHG mimicking gallbladder cancer in radiologic investigations and present a review of the literature. Also coincident erythroderma is discussed. PMID:24833147

Baba, Hiroyuki; Wakabayashi, Mai; Oba, Atsushi; Tsubomoto, Takashi; Nakamura, Hiroshi; Sanada, Takahiro; Kuwabara, Hiroshi; Nakajima, Kazumi; Goseki, Narihide

2014-01-01

337

Epithelioid Hemangioma (Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia) in Zosteriform Distribution  

PubMed Central

Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign disease. We report an unusual case of EH (ALHE) that arose on the lower back in a zosteriform array. The presence of the characteristic histological appearance of plump endothelial cells with hobnail-like protrusions led to the diagnosis of EH (ALHE). Histological examination of the lesion also revealed the existence of arteriovenous shunts, the possible factor contributing to the pathogenesis of EH (ALHE).

Kurihara, Yuichi; Inoue, Hiroyoshi; Kiryu, Hiromaro; Furue, Masutaka

2012-01-01

338

The role of combination medical therapy in benign prostatic hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To review key trials of monotherapy and combination therapy of ?1-adrenergic receptor antagonists (?1-ARAs), 5?-reductase inhibitors (5?RIs) and anti-muscarinic agents in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). To assess the safety and efficacy of combination therapies for LUTS associated with BPH, a search of the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases (1976–2008) was conducted

K A Greco; K T McVary

2008-01-01

339

Overview of interventional treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) remains the gold standard surgical intervention for men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, there are other, newer technologies that have also demonstrated safety and efficacy at least equivalent to that of TURP (e.g., Holmium laser, photoselective vaporization of the prostate). These minimally invasive techniques may be particularly useful for selected patient populations (e.g., those on anticoagulant therapy).

Elhilali, Mostafa M.

2012-01-01

340

Giant Prostatic Hyperplasia: Fourth largest prostate reported in medical literature.  

PubMed

A giant prostatic hyperplasia (GPH) weighing more than 700 g is a rare entity. It is believed that only eight such cases have been previously reported in the medical literature. This case report concerns a patient with a GPH weighing 740 g which was successfully removed by suprapubic prostatectomy. To our knowledge, this is the fourth largest benign prostatic enlargement ever reported in the literature. PMID:24790752

Maliakal, Joseph; Mousa, Emad E; Menon, Varna

2014-05-01

341

[Thymic hyperplasia in a patient with Graves' disease].  

PubMed

Benign thymic hyperplasia (TH) is a known feature of hyperthyroidism. In most cases, thymic enlargement is minimal; however, this syndrome may occasionally appear as an appreciable anterior mediastinal mass. Recognition of the benign nature of TH and its regression following treatment of the hyperthyroidism is important to prevent unnecessary surgical procedures. We present a case of TH associated with hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease. PMID:19627717

García, Elena; García-Hierro, Víctor; Pilar Alvarez, María; de la Maza, Laura; Santos, Estefanía; Pi, Javier; Castillo, Luis; Ruiz, Enrique

2009-02-01

342

bcl-2 Expression in Endometrial Hyperplasia and Carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bcl-2 gene codes for a protein which functions to inhibit apoptotic cell death. bcl-2 overexpression was originally described in follicular lymphoma, but more recently bcl-2 expression has been observed in a variety of other human neoplasms. In this study we used immunohistochemistry to examine bcl-2 protein expression in endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma. bcl-2 protein was observed in 4\\/4 cases

Theodore H. Niemann; Tracey L. Trgovac; Violeta R. Mcgaughy; Luis Vaccarello

1996-01-01

343

[Surgical management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in young girls].  

PubMed

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is the commonest cause of virilization in genetically female children. Although no consensus has been reached concerning the indications, surgical management of these patients has improved considerably over the last twenty years. The authors describe the main genitoplasty techniques currently used and report their results, although they are difficult to interpret in view of the small number of published series. PMID:15000319

Mure, Pierre-Yves; Gelas, Thomas; Ripepi, Mirella; Hoch, Mikael; Mouriquand, Pierre

2003-12-01

344

SPDEF regulates goblet cell hyperplasia in the airway epithelium  

PubMed Central

Goblet cell hyperplasia and mucous hypersecretion contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic pulmonary diseases including cystic fibrosis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In the present work, mouse SAM pointed domain-containing ETS transcription factor (SPDEF) mRNA and protein were detected in subsets of epithelial cells lining the trachea, bronchi, and tracheal glands. SPDEF interacted with the C-terminal domain of thyroid transcription factor 1, activating transcription of genes expressed selectively in airway epithelial cells, including Sftpa, Scgb1a1, Foxj1, and Sox17. Expression of Spdef in the respiratory epithelium of adult transgenic mice caused goblet cell hyperplasia, inducing both acidic and neutral mucins in vivo, and stainined for both acidic and neutral mucins in vivo. SPDEF expression was increased at sites of goblet cell hyperplasia caused by IL-13 and dust mite allergen in a process that was dependent upon STAT-6. SPDEF was induced following intratracheal allergen exposure and after Th2 cytokine stimulation and was sufficient to cause goblet cell differentiation of Clara cells in vivo.

Park, Kwon-Sik; Korfhagen, Thomas R.; Bruno, Michael D.; Kitzmiller, Joseph A.; Wan, Huajing; Wert, Susan E.; Khurana Hershey, Gurjit K.; Chen, Gang; Whitsett, Jeffrey A.

2007-01-01

345

Recombinant Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 Inhibits Intimal Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Objective Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) over-expression is implicated in vascular disease. However, the effects of a primary increase in PAI-1 expression on arterial remodeling are poorly defined. We tested the hypothesis that recombinant PAI-1 inhibits intimal hyperplasia after vascular injury. Methods and Results Rats underwent carotid artery injury and received intraperitoneal injections of saline or mutant forms of PAI-1 for 14 days, including an active, stable mutant (PAI-1-14-1b), a mutant lacking anti-PA activity (PAI-1-R), or a mutant defective in vitronectin (VN) binding (PAI-1-K). All forms of PAI-1 significantly inhibited neointima formation, while elastase-cleaved PAI-1, which lacks both anti-PA and VN-binding functions, did not. Similar effects were observed in a murine model. However, the anti-proliferative effect of PAI-1-R was lost in Vn?/? mice, suggesting that PAI-1 can inhibit intimal hyperplasia in vivo by a VN-dependent pathway not involving direct inhibition of proteases. In vitro, recombinant PAI-1 inhibited wild-type vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited migration. These effects were lost in VN-deficient VSMC. Conclusion Recombinant PAI-1 inhibits intimal hyperplasia by inhibiting proteases and binding VN. VN is a key determinant of the anti-proliferative effect of PAI-1 over-expression. PAI-1-R has therapeutic potential to inhibit vascular restenosis without promoting thrombosis.

Wu, Jianbo; Peng, Lin; McMahon, Grainne A.; Lawrence, Daniel A.; Fay, William P.

2009-01-01

346

Abnormal beam-profile behavior in the Nd:YAG ceramic regenerative amplifier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The output beam profile of a Nd:YAG diode-pumped ceramic regenerative amplifier depends heavily on amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and amplification competition. A careful pump geometry arrangement is required in a highgain regenerative amplifier to achieve the beam profile that corresponds to the TEM00 mode of the amplifier cavity.

Okishev, A. V.

2014-02-01

347

Control of regenerative retarding of a vehicle equipped with a new energy recovery retarder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Control of regenerative retarding of a vehicle equipped with a new energy recovery retarder is investigated in this paper. The handle and pedal operations are designed to satisfy the need of control of vehicle brake under different working conditions. As the dynamics of the retarding process is highly nonlinear and time-variant, the control of regenerative retarding becomes rather complicated. For

Jing Xie; Binggang Cao; Dan Xu; Shuchen Zhang

2009-01-01

348

The Salvador\\/Warts\\/Hippo pathway controls regenerative tissue growth in Drosophila melanogaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

During tissue regeneration, cell proliferation replaces missing structures to restore organ function. Regenerative potential differs greatly between organs and organisms; for example some amphibians can regrow entire limbs whereas mammals cannot. The process of regeneration relies on several signaling pathways that control developmental tissue growth, and implies the existence of organ size-control checkpoints that regulate both developmental, and regenerative, growth.

Felix A. Grusche; Joffrey L. Degoutin; Helena E. Richardson; Kieran F. Harvey

2011-01-01

349

Relationship of hyperplasia to cancer in 3-methylcholanthrene-induced mammary tumorogenesis.  

PubMed

Light microscopic study of the evolution of 3-methylcholanthrene-induced mammary tumors in Wistar-Furth rats revealed a seriation of changes proceeding from early hyperplasia (8 days) to advanced hyperplasia (57 days) and cancer (78 days). Ultrastructurally, cellular changes in advanced hyperplasia and cancer were indistinguishable, being characterized by nuclear chromatin clumping, prominent nucleoli, cytoplasmic polyribosomal aggregates and pseudopodal extensions, and prominent Golgi structures. These features, as well as the lack of limiting lamina basalia, allowed for their distinction from the cells of early hyperplasia. Further, only nodules of both advantanced hyperplasia and cancer were transplantable in syngeneic recipients. Chromosomal aberrations were qualitatively similar in cells obtained from all lesions but were progressively more frequent. Although these findings do not allow for the discrimination of advanced hyperplasia and cancer, they indicate their close pathogenetic relationship as well as the very early occurrence of chromosomal alterations in the development of mammary cancer in this model system. PMID:1142740

Fisher, E R; Shoemaker, R H; Sabnis, A

1975-07-01

350

Engineering model system study for a regenerative fuel cell: Study report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Key design issues of the regenerative fuel cell system concept were studied and a design definition of an alkaline electrolyte based engineering model system or low Earth orbit missions was completed. Definition of key design issues for a regenerative fuel cell system include gaseous reactant storage, shared heat exchangers and high pressure pumps. A power flow diagram for the 75 kW initial space station and the impact of different regenerative fuel cell modular sizes on the total 5 year to orbit weight and volume are determined. System characteristics, an isometric drawing, component sizes and mass and energy balances are determined for the 10 kW engineering model system. An open loop regenerative fuel cell concept is considered for integration of the energy storage system with the life support system of the space station. Technical problems and their solutions, pacing technologies and required developments and demonstrations for the regenerative fuel cell system are defined.

Chang, B. J.; Schubert, F. H.; Kovach, A. J.; Wynveen, R. A.

1984-01-01

351

Angioarchitecture and blood circulation in focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver  

Microsoft Academic Search

Backtround\\/Aims: We sought to clarify important unresolved points regarding angioarchitecture and blood circulation in focal nodular hyperplasia.Methods: Twenty-nine surgically resected focal nodular hyperplasia lesions were examined histologically, immuhistochemically, and radiologically. In three autopsy cases, red- and blue-colored gelatin was injected into the hepatic artery and the portal vein, respectively, to demonstrate the vasculature in focal nodular hyperplasia.Results: Histologically, no orientation

Yoshihiko Fukukura; Osamu Nakashima; Akiko Kusaba; Masayoshi Kage; Masamichi Kojiro

1998-01-01

352

Facial asymmetry with enlarged frontal sinus and hyperplasia of the cranial, nasal, and mandible bones.  

PubMed

The conditions of facial asymmetry are caused by congenital or acquired diseases, and several unclassifiable syndromes with unknown etiologies exist. In this report, a case of facial asymmetry with enlarged frontal sinus and hyperplasia of the frontal cranial bone and nasal bone is presented.Although the etiology of the facial malformation was clear, it was thought that the cause of the enlarged frontal sinus was related to the unidentified bony hyperplasia and facial asymmetry related to hemimandibular hyperplasia. PMID:24978687

Taguchi, Rie; Yamashita, Masanobu; Kawakami, Shigehiko

2014-07-01

353

Nanotechnology-based approaches for regenerative medicine and biosensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent emergence of nanotechnology has set high expectations in many fields of science, especially in biology and medicine. Nanotechnology-based approaches are expected to solve key questions in the emerging field of regenerative medicine. Regenerative medicine essentially deals with regeneration of cells, ultimately leading to the formation of tissues and organs. For this purpose, stem cells, embryonic stem cells or adult stem cells, are thought to be ideal resources. However, many challenges need to be addressed before the full therapeutic potential of stem cells can be harnessed. Controlling the differentiation of stem cells into cells of a specific lineage is extremely vital and challenging. Addressing this challenge, in this work, novel nanotechnology-based approaches for controlling the differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) into neurons has been presented. Regeneration of damaged neurons, due to traumatic injuries or degenerative diseases, is extremely challenging. For this purpose, NSCs can be used as resources that can differentiate into neurons, thus having great potential in solving needs of many patients suffering from such conditions. For controlling the differentiation of stem cells, soluble cues (comprising of small molecules and biomolecules) and insoluble cues (cell-cell interactions and cell-microenvironment interactions) play a very important role. The delivery of soluble cues, such as genetic material, into stem cells is extremely challenging. The initial part of this work presents the use of nanomaterials for efficiently delivering soluble cues such as small molecules and small interfering RNA (siRNA) into NSCs for controlling their differentiation into neurons. However, for regenerative purposes, it is preferred that least amounts of the delivery vehicle be used. Thus, the following part of the thesis presents the development and applications of nanotechnology-based approaches for enhancing the differentiation of NSCs into neurons using insoluble cues. The cellular microenvironment, consisting for the extracellular matrix (ECM) was modified by the use of nanostructures, to deliver siRNA into NSCs to enhance neuronal differentiation. Nanotopography-mediated reverse uptake of only the siRNA molecules from the ECM was achieved by the NSCs. NSC differentiation was also controlled by the use of protein micropatterns, wherein the pattern geometry and size defined the fate of the NSCs. Lastly, graphene, in combination with nanoparticles was used as component of the ECM to not only enhance the differentiation of NSCs into neurons, but also align the axons of the differentiated NSCs, having significant implications for its use in regenerating injured spinal cords. The final portion of the thesis presents the applications of nanotechnology for developing highly sensitive and selective biosensors, for detecting biomarkers implicated in various diseases such as cancer and acute pancreatitis.

Solanki, Aniruddh P.

354

Simple Signaling Molecules for Inductive Bone Regenerative Engineering  

PubMed Central

With greater than 500,000 orthopaedic procedures performed in the United States each year requiring a bone graft, the development of novel graft materials is necessary. We report that some porous polymer/ceramic composite scaffolds possess intrinsic osteoinductivity as shown through their capacity to induce in vivo host osteoid mineralization and in vitro stem cell osteogenesis making them attractive synthetic bone graft substitutes. It was discovered that certain low crystallinity ceramics partially dissociate into simple signaling molecules (i.e., calcium and phosphate ions) that induce stem cells to endogenously produce their own osteoinductive proteins. Review of the literature has uncovered a variety of simple signaling molecules (i.e., gases, ions, and redox reagents) capable of inducing other desirable stem cell differentiation through endogenous growth factor production. Inductive simple signaling molecules, which we have termed inducerons, represent a paradigm shift in the field of regenerative engineering where they can be utilized in place of recombinant protein growth factors.

Nelson, Stephen J.; Deng, Meng; Sethuraman, Swaminathan; Doty, Stephen B.; Lo, Kevin W. H.; Khan, Yusuf M.; Laurencin, Cato T.

2014-01-01

355

Stem cells as tools in regenerative therapy for retinal degeneration  

PubMed Central

Objectives Regenerative medicine intends to provide therapies for severe injuries or chronic diseases where endogenous repair does not sufficiently restore the tissue. Pluripotent stem cells (SC), with their capacity to give rise to specialized cells, are the most promising candidates for clinical application. Despite encouraging results, a combination with up-to-date tissue engineering might be critical for ultimate success. Design The focus is on the use of SC for regeneration of retinal degenerations. Cell populations include embryonic, neural, and bone marrow-derived SC and engineered grafts will also be described. Results Experimental approaches have successfully replaced damaged photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium using endogenous and exogenous SC. Conclusions SC have the potential to significantly impact retinal regeneration. A combination with bioengineering may bear even greater promise. However, ethical and scientific issues have yet to be solved.

Enzmann, Volker; Yolcu, Esma; Kaplan, Henry J.; Ildstad, Suzanne T.

2011-01-01

356

Developmental and Regenerative Biology of Multipotent Cardiovascular Progenitor Cells  

PubMed Central

Our limited ability to improve the survival of patients with heart failure is due, in part, to the inability of the mammalian heart to meaningfully regenerate itself. The recent identification of distinct families of multipotent cardiovascular progenitor cells from endogenous as well as exogenous sources, such as embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells, has raised much hope that therapeutic manipulation of these cells may lead to regression of many forms of cardiovascular disease. While the exact source and cell type remains to be clarified, our greater understanding of the scientific underpinning behind developmental cardiovascular progenitor cell biology has helped to clarify the origin and properties of diverse cells with putative cardiogenic potential. In this review, we highlight recent advances in the understanding of cardiovascular progenitor cell biology from embryogenesis to adulthood and their implications for therapeutic cardiac regeneration. We believe that a detailed understanding of cardiogenesis will inform future applications of cardiovascular progenitor cells in heart failure therapy and regenerative medicine.

Sturzu, Anthony C.; Wu, Sean M.

2011-01-01

357

Robust Bio-regenerative Life Support Systems Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in the international space community have shown that there is an increasing interest in the human exploration of outer space. In particular, the objective of sending a manned mission to Mars by 2030 has been settled. The feasibility of such a mission will require "life support systems" (LSSs) able to provide vital elements to the exploration crew in an autonomous, self-sustained manner, as resupply from Earth will not be possible. Bio-regenerative life support systems (BLSSs) are considered to be the LSS technology alternatives that can meet this demand. Developing effective BLSSs is a challenge for the control community because of the high degree of automation, indeterminism, non-linearity, and instability in such systems. This chapter proposes to provide "robustness" to the system for tasks such as distributed control, intelligent control, fault detection and identification, or high-level planning and supervision.

Duatis, Jordi; Angulo, Cecilio; Puig, Vicenç; Ponsa, Pere

358

Free-piston regenerative hot gas hydraulic engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A displacer piston which is driven pneumatically by a high-pressure or low-pressure gas is included in a free-piston regenerative hydraulic engine. Actuation of the displacer piston circulates the working fluid through a heater, a regenerator and a cooler. The present invention includes an inertial mass such as a piston or a hydraulic fluid column to effectively store and supply energy during portions of the cycle. Power is transmitted from the working fluid to a hydraulic fluid across a diaphragm or lightweight piston to achieve a hydraulic power out-put. The displacer piston of the present invention may be driven pneumatically, hydraulically or electromagnetically. In addition, the displacer piston and the inertial mass of the present invention may be positioned on the same side of the diaphragm member or may be separated by the diaphragm member.

Beremand, D. G. (inventor)

1980-01-01

359

Preserving human cells for regenerative, reproductive, and transfusion medicine.  

PubMed

Cell cryopreservation maintains cellular life at sub-zero temperatures by slowing down biochemical processes. Various cell types are routinely cryopreserved in modern reproductive, regenerative, and transfusion medicine. Current cell cryopreservation methods involve freezing (slow/rapid) or vitrifying cells in the presence of a cryoprotective agent (CPA). Although these methods are clinically utilized, cryo-injury due to ice crystals, osmotic shock, and CPA toxicity cause loss of cell viability and function. Recent approaches using minimum volume vitrification provide alternatives to the conventional cryopreservation methods. Minimum volume vitrification provides ultra-high cooling and rewarming rates that enable preserving cells without ice crystal formation. Herein, we review recent advances in cell cryopreservation technology and provide examples of techniques that are utilized in oocyte, stem cell, and red blood cell cryopreservation. PMID:24995723

Asghar, Waseem; El Assal, Rami; Shafiee, Hadi; Anchan, Raymond M; Demirci, Utkan

2014-07-01

360

Bioengineering Heart Muscle: A Paradigm for Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

The idea of extending the lifetime of our organs is as old as humankind, fueled by major advances in organ transplantation, novel drugs, and medical devices. However, true regeneration of human tissue has becoming increasingly plausible only in recent years. The human heart has always been a focus of such efforts, given its notorious inability to repair itself following injury or disease. We discuss here the emerging bioengineering approaches to regeneration of heart muscle as a paradigm for regenerative medicine. Our focus is on biologically inspired strategies for heart regeneration, knowledge gained thus far about how to make a “perfect” heart graft, and the challenges that remain to be addressed for tissue-engineered heart regeneration to become a clinical reality. We emphasize the need for interdisciplinary research and training, as recent progress in the field is largely being made at the interfaces between cardiology, stem cell science, and bioengineering.

Lui, Kathy O.; Tandon, Nina

2012-01-01

361

Treatment options: biological basis of regenerative endodontic procedures.  

PubMed

Dental trauma occurs frequently in children and often can lead to pulpal necrosis. The occurrence of pulpal necrosis in the permanent but immature tooth represents a challenging clinical situation because the thin and often short roots increase the risk of subsequent fracture. Current approaches for treating the traumatized immature tooth with pulpal necrosis do not reliably achieve the desired clinical outcomes, consisting of healing of apical periodontitis, promotion of continued root development, and restoration of the functional competence of pulpal tissue. An optimal approach for treating the immature permanent tooth with a necrotic pulp would be to regenerate functional pulpal tissue. This review summarizes the current literature supporting a biological rationale for considering regenerative endodontic treatment procedures in treating the immature permanent tooth with pulp necrosis. PMID:23439043

Hargreaves, Kenneth M; Diogenes, Anibal; Teixeira, Fabricio B

2013-03-01

362

Treatment options: biological basis of regenerative endodontic procedures.  

PubMed

Dental trauma occurs frequently in children and often can lead to pulpal necrosis. The occurrence of pulpal necrosis in the permanent but immature tooth represents a challenging clinical situation because the thin and often short roots increase the risk of subsequent fracture. Current approaches for treating the traumatized immature tooth with pulpal necrosis do not reliably achieve the desired clinical outcomes, consisting of healing of apical periodontitis, promotion of continued root development, and restoration of the functional competence of pulpal tissue. An optimal approach for treating the immature permanent tooth with a necrotic pulp would be to regenerate functional pulpal tissue. This review summarizes the current literature supporting a biological rationale for considering regenerative endodontic treatment procedures in treating the immature permanent tooth with pulp necrosis. PMID:23635981

Hargreaves, Kenneth M; Diogenes, Anibal; Teixeira, Fabricio B

2013-01-01

363

Microbiological characterization of a regenerative life support system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Variable Pressure Plant Growth Chamber (VPGC), at the Johnson Space Center's (JSC) ground-based Regenerative Life Support Systems (RLSS) test bed, was used to produce crops of soil-grown lettuce. The crops and chamber were analyzed for microbiological diversity during lettuce growth and after harvest. Bacterial counts for the rhizosphere, spent nutrient medium, heat exchanger condensate, and atmosphere were approximately 1011 Colony Forming Units (CFU) g-1, 105 CFU ml-1, 105 CFU ml-1, and 600 CFU m-3, respectively. Pseudomonas was the predominant bacterial genus. Numbers of fungi were about 105 CFU g-1 in the rhizosphere, 4-200 CFU ml-1 in thespent nutrient medium, 110 CFU ml-1 in the heat exchanger condensate, and 3 CFU m-3 in the atmosphere. Fusarium and Trichoderma were the predominant fungal genera.

Koenig, D. W.; Bruce, R. J.; Mishra, S. K.; Barta, D. J.; Pierson, D. L.

1994-11-01

364

Treatment Options: Biological Basis of Regenerative Endodontic Procedures  

PubMed Central

Dental trauma occurs frequently in children and often can lead to pulpal necrosis. The occurrence of pulpal necrosis in the permanent but immature tooth represents a challenging clinical situation since the thin and often short roots increase the risk of subsequent fracture. Current approaches for treating the traumatized immature tooth with pulpal necrosis do not reliably achieve the desired clinical outcomes, consisting of healing of apical periodontitis, promotion of continued root development and restoration of the functional competence of pulpal tissue. An optimal approach for treating the immature permanent tooth with a necrotic pulp would be to regenerate functional pulpal tissue. This review summarizes the current literature supporting a biological rationale for considering regenerative endodontic treatment procedures in treating the immature permanent tooth with pulp necrosis.

Hargreaves, Kenneth M.; Diogenes, Anibal; Teixeira, Fabricio B.

2013-01-01

365

Regenerative Life Support Systems Test Bed performance - Lettuce crop characterization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System performance in terms of human life support requirements was evaluated for two crops of lettuce (Lactuca sative cv. Waldmann's Green) grown in the Regenerative Life Support Systems Test Bed. Each crop, grown in separate pots under identical environmental and cultural conditions, was irrigated with half-strength Hoagland's nutrient solution, with the frequency of irrigation being increased as the crop aged over the 30-day crop tests. Averaging over both crop tests, the test bed met the requirements of 2.1 person-days of oxygen production, 2.4 person-days of CO2 removal, and 129 person-days of potential potable water production. Gains in the mass of water and O2 produced and CO2 removed could be achieved by optimizing environmental conditions to increase plant growth rate and by optimizing cultural management methods.

Barta, Daniel J.; Edeen, Marybeth A.; Eckhardt, Bradley D.

1992-01-01

366

CaN19 Expression in Benign and Malignant Hyperplasias of the Skin and Oral Mucosa: Evidence for a Role in Regenerative Differentiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

CaN19, a member of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins, Is known to be “underexpressed” in cultured breast carcinoma-derived cell lines relative to their normal counterparts By Northern blotting, we confirm these results and find that CaN19 is also markedly “underexpressed” in several carcinoma-derivedcell lines of the skin, oral mucosa,and urogenital tract. However,exceptionsto the Inversecorrelation betweenCaN19expres slon and malignancyhave been

Longqing Xia; Stefan W. Stoll; Monica Liebert; Stephen P. Ethier; Thomas Carey; Ramon Esciamado

367

Severe systemic toxicity and urinary bladder cytotoxicity and regenerative hyperplasia induced by arsenite in arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase knockout mice. A preliminary report  

EPA Science Inventory

Arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (As3mt) catalyzes reactions which convert inorganic arsenic to methylated metabolites. This study determined whether the As3mt null genotype in the mouse modifies cytotoxic and proliferative effects seen in urinary bladders of wild t...

368

Application of Stem Cell Technology in Dental Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Significance In this review, we summarize the current literature regarding the isolation and characterization of dental tissue-derived stem cells and address the potential of these cell types for use in regenerative cell transplantation therapy. Recent Advances Looking forward, platforms for the delivery of stem cells via scaffolds and the use of growth factors and cytokines for enhancing dental stem cell self-renewal and differentiation are discussed. Critical Issues We aim to understand the developmental origins of dental tissues in an effort to elucidate the molecular pathways governing the genesis of somatic dental stem cells. The advantages and disadvantages of several dental stem cells are discussed, including the developmental stage and specific locations from which these cells can be purified. In particular, stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth may act as a very practical and easily accessibly reservoir for autologous stem cells and hold the most value in stem cell therapy. Dental pulp stem cells and periodontal ligament stem cells should also be considered for their triple lineage differentiation ability and relative ease of isolation. Further, we address the potentials and limitations of induced pluripotent stem cells as a cell source in dental regenerative. Future Directions From an economical and a practical standpoint, dental stem cell therapy would be most easily applied in the prevention of periodontal ligament detachment and bone atrophy, as well as in the regeneration of dentin-pulp complex. In contrast, cell-based tooth replacement due to decay or other oral pathology seems, at the current time, an untenable approach.

Feng, Ruoxue; Lengner, Chistopher

2013-01-01

369

Modality-Specific Axonal Regeneration: Toward Selective Regenerative Neural Interfaces  

PubMed Central

Regenerative peripheral nerve interfaces have been proposed as viable alternatives for the natural control of robotic prosthetic devices. However, sensory and motor axons at the neural interface are of mixed sub-modality types, which difficult the specific recording from motor axons and the eliciting of precise sensory modalities through selective stimulation. Here we evaluated the possibility of using type specific neurotrophins to preferentially entice the regeneration of defined axonal populations from transected peripheral nerves into separate compartments. Segregation of mixed sensory fibers from dorsal root ganglion neurons was evaluated in vitro by compartmentalized diffusion delivery of nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), to preferentially entice the growth of TrkA+ nociceptive and TrkC+ proprioceptive subsets of sensory neurons, respectively. The average axon length in the NGF channel increased 2.5-fold compared to that in saline or NT-3, whereas the number of branches increased threefold in the NT-3 channels. These results were confirmed using a 3D “Y”-shaped in vitro assay showing that the arm containing NGF was able to entice a fivefold increase in axonal length of unbranched fibers. To address if such segregation can be enticed in vivo, a “Y”-shaped tubing was used to allow regeneration of the transected adult rat sciatic nerve into separate compartments filled with either NFG or NT-3. A significant increase in the number of CGRP+ pain fibers were attracted toward the sural nerve, while N-52+ large-diameter axons were observed in the tibial and NT-3 compartments. This study demonstrates the guided enrichment of sensory axons in specific regenerative chambers, and supports the notion that neurotrophic factors can be used to segregate sensory and perhaps motor axons in separate peripheral interfaces.

Lotfi, Parisa; Garde, Kshitija; Chouhan, Amit K.; Bengali, Ebrahim; Romero-Ortega, Mario I.

2011-01-01

370

Regenerative potential of human muscle stem cells in chronic inflammation  

PubMed Central

Introduction Chronic inflammation is a profound systemic modification of the cellular microenvironment which could affect survival, repair and maintenance of muscle stem cells. The aim of this study was to define the role of chronic inflammation on the regenerative potential of satellite cells in human muscle. Methods As a model for chronic inflammation, 11 patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were included together with 16 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) as controls. The mean age of both groups was 64 years, with more females in the RA group compared to the OA group. During elective knee replacement surgery, a muscle biopsy was taken from the distal musculus vastus medialis. Cell populations from four RA and eight OA patients were used for extensive phenotyping because these cell populations showed no spontaneous differentiation and myogenic purity greater than 75% after explantation. Results After mononuclear cell explantation, myogenic purity, viability, proliferation index, number of colonies, myogenic colonies, growth speed, maximum number of population doublings and fusion index were not different between RA and OA patients. Furthermore, the expression of proteins involved in replicative and stress-induced premature senescence and apoptosis, including p16, p21, p53, hTERT and cleaved caspase-3, was not different between RA and OA patients. Mean telomere length was shorter in the RA group compared to the OA group. Conclusions In the present study we found evidence that chronic inflammation in RA does not affect the in vitro regenerative potential of human satellite cells. Identification of mechanisms influencing muscle regeneration by modulation of its microenvironment may, therefore, be more appropriate.

2011-01-01

371

Compact Water Vapor Exchanger for Regenerative Life Support Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal and environmental control systems for future exploration spacecraft must meet challenging requirements for efficient operation and conservation of resources. Regenerative CO2 removal systems are attractive for these missions because they do not use consumable CO2 absorbers. However, these systems also absorb and vent water to space along with carbon dioxide. This paper describes an innovative device designed to minimize water lost from regenerative CO2 control systems. Design studies and proof-of-concept testing have shown the feasibility of a compact, efficient membrane water vapor exchanger (WVX) that will conserve water while meeting challenging requirements for operation on future spacecraft. Compared to conventional WVX designs, the innovative membrane WVX described here has the potential for high water recovery efficiency, compact size, and very low pressure losses. The key innovation is a method for maintaining highly uniform flow channels in a WVX core built from water-permeable membranes. The proof-of-concept WVX incorporates all the key design features of a prototypical unit, except that it is relatively small scale (1/23 relative to a unit sized for a crew of six) and some components were fabricated using non-prototypical methods. The proof-of-concept WVX achieved over 90% water recovery efficiency in a compact core in good agreement with analysis models. Furthermore the overall pressure drop is very small (less than 0.5 in. H2O, total for both flow streams) and meets requirements for service in environmental control and life support systems on future spacecraft. These results show that the WVX provides very uniform flow through flow channels for both the humid and dry streams. Measurements also show that CO2 diffusion through the water-permeable membranes will have negligible effect on the CO2 partial pressure in the spacecraft atmosphere.

Izenson, Michael G.; Chen, Weibo; Anderson, Molly; Hodgson, Edward

2012-01-01

372

Mesenchymal stem cell and regenerative medicine: regeneration versus immunomodulatory challenges  

PubMed Central

Mesenchymal Stem cells (MSC) are now presented with the opportunities of multifunctional therapeutic approaches. Several reports are in support of their self-renewal, capacity for multipotent differentiation, and immunomodulatory properties. They are unique to contribute to the regeneration of mesenchymal tissues such as bone, cartilage, muscle, ligament, tendon, and adipose. In addition to promising trials in regenerative medicine, such as in the treatment of major bone defects and myocardial infarction, MSC has shown a therapeutic effect other than direct hematopoiesis support in hematopoietic reconstruction. MSCs are identified by the expression of many molecules including CD105 (SH2) and CD73(SH3/4) and are negative for the hematopoietic markers CD34, CD45, and CD14. Manufacturing of MSC for clinical trials is also an important aspect as their differentiation, homing and Immunomodulatory properties may differ. Their suppressive effects on immune cells, including T cells, B cells, NK cells and DC cells, suggest MSCs as a novel therapy for GVHD and other autoimmune disorders. Since the cells by themselves are non-immunogenic, tissue matching between MSC donor and recipient is not essential and, MSC may be the first cell type able to be used as an “off-the-shelf” therapeutic product. Following a successful transplantation, the migration of MSC to the site of injury refers to the involvement of chemokines and chemokine receptors of respective specificity. It has been demonstrated that cultured MSCs have the ability to engraft into healthy as well as injured tissue and can differentiate into several cell types in vivo, which facilitates MSC to be an ideal tool for regenerative therapy in different disease types. However, some observations have raised questions about the limitations for proper use of MSC considering some critical factors that warn regular clinical use.

Law, Sujata; Chaudhuri, Samaresh

2013-01-01

373

Pituitary hyperplasia: a complication of the pseudomalabsorption of thyroxine  

PubMed Central

Objective “The pseudomalabsorption of thyroxine” has been used to describe patients with hypothyroidism who fail to comply with their treatment. We describe a unique case of a 32-year-old with hypothyroidism who developed pituitary hyperplasia and hyperprolactinemia secondary to the pseudomalabsorption of thyroxine. Investigations and treatment After baseline thyroid-function tests were performed, the patient was administered levothyroxine 0.5 mg under the supervision of a registered nurse. Thyroid function testing was repeated at 30, 60, 120, and 180 minutes. Arrangements were made for further daily supervised loading of levothyroxine 0.1 mg. Results With the administration of 0.5 mg levothyroxine, free thyroxine levels increased by 120 minutes, and with daily supervised dosing of 0.1 mg there was normalization of the thyroid hormone levels and a reduction of thyroid-stimulating hormone levels. Maintenance of thyroid-stimulating hormone < 15 mU/L for 2 weeks led to a reduction in prolactin levels and regression in the size of the pituitary on magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusion If left untreated, these patients face significant morbidity and are at risk of developing pituitary hyperplasia, complications from an increase in pituitary size, hyperprolactinemia, and potentially myxedema coma. Recognizing pituitary hyperplasia and hyperprolactinemia as a complication from the pseudomalabsorption of levothyroxine may prevent the potential of a misdiagnosis of a prolactinoma leading to unnecessary investigations and inappropriate treatment. Patient awareness of this serious complication and the rapid, demonstrable resolution with adequate thyroid hormone replacement may provide motivation to comply with supervised dosing of levothyroxine. It has also been suggested that supervised treatment enables the individual to maintain their patient status, which may be in part the motivation behind this disorder.

Doyle, Mary-Anne; Lochnan, Heather A

2013-01-01

374

The coexistence of atypical intraductal hyperplasias with breast carcinoma.  

PubMed

We present a study made during 4 years (1992-1996), which pursued the underlining of the atypical intraductal hiperplasias (A.I.D.H.) lesions, met isolated or in the association with mamar carcinoma. Our study included a 188 number of the breast tumors, among: in the 23 cases we established the existence of the modification by the A.I.D.H, type at the fibrocystics disease associated or not with the other benign diseases of the breast (fibroadenosis, intraductal papiloma) and in the 63 cases there were the modification by the AIDH associated with in situ or invasiv carcinoma. Epithelial hyperplasia is frequently associated with the fibrocystic changes, being included in the category of fibrocystic or proliferating modifications. The synonymous terms used for the epithelial hyperplasia are the hiperplazia ductala, or the epitelioza, or the papilomatosis The last two are suggested by the proliferation possibility (papillary or linear) of the epithelial or the mio-epithelial cells. Regardless of the microscopic aspect of the lesion, that should be acknowledged and treated as it is, due to the increased risk of the development of a carcinoma later on, and also due to the ratio of association between the modification and the mammary carcinoma. The risk of occurrence of subsequent carcinoma is augmented in the presence of the epithelial atipii and also increases in the presence of a mammary carcinoma at the relatives of the first rank (1.3). In this context, the importance of the differential diagnosis between the simple intraductal hyperplasia and the atypical one, the difficulty of differentiation from intraductal carcinoma in some cases, and finally the association with an increased risk of subsequent occurrence of carcinoma, constitute into sufficient arguments to consider this topic separately. PMID:15678845

Bogdan, F; Gîrni??, L; Florescu, M; Simionescu, C; Cr?i?oiu, S; Com?nescu, V

1998-01-01

375

The Functional Role of Reactive Stroma in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

The human prostate gland is one of the only internal organs that continue to enlarge throughout adulthood. The specific mechanisms that regulate this growth, as well as the pathological changes leading to the phenotype observed in the disease benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), are essentially unknown. Recent studies and their associated findings have made clear that many complex alterations occur, involving persistent and chronic inflammation, circulating hormonal level deregulation, and aberrant wound repair processes. BPH has been etiologically characterized as a progressive, albeit discontinuous, hyperplasia of both the glandular epithelial and stromal cell compartments coordinately yielding an expansion of the prostate gland and clinical symptoms. Interestingly, the inflammatory and repair responses observed in BPH are also key components of general wound repair in post-natal tissues. These responses include altered expression of chemokines, cytokines, matrix remodeling factors, chronic inflammatory processes, altered immune surveillance and recognition, as well as the formation of a prototypical ‘reactive’ stroma which is similar to that observed across various fibroplasias and malignancies of a variety of tissue sites. Stromal tissue, both embryonic mesenchyme, and adult reactive stroma myofibroblasts, has been shown to exert potent and functional regulatory control over epithelial proliferation and differentiation as well as immunoresponsive modulation. Thus, the functional biology of a reactive stroma, within the context of an adult disease typified by epithelial and stromal aberrant hyperplasia, is critical to understand within the context of prostate disease and beyond. The mechanisms that regulate reactive stroma biology in BPH represent targets of opportunity for new therapeutic approaches that may extend to other tissue contexts. Accordingly, this review seeks to address the dissection of important factors, signaling pathways, genes, and other regulatory components that mediate the interplay between epithelium and stromal responses in BPH.

Schauer, Isaiah G.; Rowley, David R.

2011-01-01

376

Epithelioid hemangioma of the orbit or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.  

PubMed

A patient was referred to the department for an incidentally discovered right orbital mass on MRI. After surgical excision, histopathologic examination led to the diagnosis of epithelioid hemangioma, a tumor rarely located in the orbit, whose main histopathologic feature is an exuberant proliferation of small vascular channels lined by enlarged endothelial cells. The clinical characteristics and histopathology of epithelioid hemangioma allow differentiation with Kimura disease, angiosarcoma, intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia, and other vascular tumors that share the common feature of an abnormal proliferation of endothelial cells. Although epithelioid hemangioma is extremely rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of orbital tumors. PMID:24026000

Sánchez-Orgaz, Margarita; Insausti-García, Alfredo; Gregorio, Laura Yébenes; Duralde, Alvaro Arbizu; Romero-Martín, Ricardo

2014-01-01

377

Prenatal diagnosis and treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia owing to 21-hydroxylase deficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classical forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia are caused by a severe deficiency of 21-hydroxylase, an enzyme involved in steroid biosynthesis, which triggers excessive androgen production before birth. Affected females experience virilization both physically and psychologically. Prenatal diagnosis and treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia has been implemented for more than 20 years. In utero gene-specific diagnosis is now feasible for fetal

Saroj Nimkarn; Maria I New

2007-01-01

378

Endometrial curettage in abnormal uterine bleeding and efficacy of progestins for control in cases of hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is the most important symptom of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial curettage (EC) is the gold standard diagnostic procedure. We present the results of patients who underwent EC for AUB and the efficacy of progestin administration in those with endometrial hyperplasia. Materials and Methods: A total of 415 female patients who presented to Duzce Public Hospital in 2011-2012 for AUB and who underwent EC were included. We determined the reasons for AUB, and females with hyperplasia were treated with 10 mg/day medroxyprogesterone acetate for 14 days/month or 160 mg/day megestrol acetate continuously for 3 months. We evaluated the efficacy of progestins for periods of three and/or six cycles by repeating EC. A statistical analysis of specific endometrial causes according to age of presentation was conducted using the chi-square test. Results: Among the 415 females (average age, 53.5 years) followed for 6 months, 186 had physiological changes (44.8%), 89 had simple hyperplasia (21.44%), 1 had atypical hyperplasia (0.2%), 6 had (1.44%) complex hyperplasia, 3 had (0.72%) atypical complex hyperplasia, and 5 had adenocarcinoma (1.2%). Regression rates were 72.7-100%, and the optimum results were observed after 6 months of hormonal therapy. Conclusions: The main cause of AUB was physiological change. Progestin therapy resulted in significant regression even in females with atypical hyperplasia. PMID:24870785

Mesci-Haftaci, Simender; Ankarali, Handan; Yavuzcan, Ali; Caglar, Mete

2014-01-01

379

Finasteride in the treatment of clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review of randomised trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia affects older men. This systematic review determined efficacy and adverse effects of finasteride. REVIEW METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, reference lists of reports, and reviews were searched for randomised, double-blind trials of finasteride in benign prostatic hyperplasia. Outcomes included symptom score, urinary flow rate, prostate volume, discontinuation, and adverse effects. Relative risk and NNT or NNH

Jayne E Edwards; R Andrew Moore

2002-01-01

380

Effects of azithromycin on cyclosporine-induced gingival hyperplasia in renal transplant patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundGingival hyperplasia is a well-known complication of cyclosporine therapy, affecting 21% to 35% of renal transplant patients. Metronidazole, clarithromycin, and azithromycin, all azalid antimicrobial agents derived from the macrolide antibiotic erythromycin, have been used for treatment. Marked improvements in gingival hyperplasia have been recorded in particular with azithromycin. The aim of the present study was to investigate histopathological features of

B. Tokgöz; H. I. Sar?; O. Y?ld?z; S. Aslan; M. Sipahio?lu; T. Okten; O. Oymak; C. Uta?

2004-01-01

381

High Expression of Neutral Endopeptidase in Idiopathic Diffuse Hyperplasia of Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Idiopathic diffuse hyperplasia of pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (IDHPNC) is a clinicopathological entity characterized by a diffuse hyperplasia of neuroendocrine cells involving distal bronchi and bronchioles. The pathogenesis of this syndrome remains unknown. The hyperplastic neuroendo- crine (NE) cells contain multiple neuropeptides, including the bombesinlike peptides (BLP), which are likely important in the pathogenesis of the disorder by stimulating proliferation of

ANDREA J. COHEN; TALMADGE E. KING; LAURA B. GILMAN; CATHERINE MAGILL-SOLC; YORK E. MILLER

1998-01-01

382

Gynecomastia-Like Hyperplasia of Axillary Ectopic Breast Tissue in a Young Female  

PubMed Central

Gynecomastia-like hyperplasia of orthotopic female breast tissue is a rare entity. We present the singularly unique case of a 22-year-old female who presented with a small axillary mass subsequently discovered to be a discrete deposit of ectopic breast tissue with gynecomastia-like hyperplasia. This case highlights the etiology, variable presentation, and evaluation of ectopic breast tissue.

Shatzel, Joseph; Khoury, Thaer; Milligan, Janine; Skitzki, Joseph J.

2013-01-01

383

Fine needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of malignant lymphoma and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMS: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of lymph node fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology to distinguish reactive lymphoid hyperplasia from malignant lymphoma, and to evaluate the contribution of ancillary techniques applied to cytological material. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy seven consecutive lymph node FNA specimens reported to be consistent with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (n = 213) or suggestive\\/diagnostic of malignant

C. J. Stewart; J. A. Duncan; M. Farquharson; J. Richmond

1998-01-01

384

Usual and atypical ductal hyperplasia—members of the same family?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the intraductal lesions, usual ductal hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia and ductal carcinoma in situ play a pivotal role for two reasons. (1) Within the currently accepted model of human breast cancer evolution, these lesions are still viewed as successive steps in a linear progression model, ultimately leading to invasive breast carcinoma. (2) Some of these lesions may pose considerable

W Boecker; H Buerger

2004-01-01

385

Atypical ductal hyperplasia and ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast associated with perineural invasion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perineural invasion is a histologic feature usually diagnostic of invasion in malignancies. In the breast, however, it has been associated with benign lesions such as sclerosing adenosis (SA), complex sclerosing lesion\\/radial scar (CSL\\/RS), and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). This article describes perineural invasion associated with atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), florid hyperplasia without atypia (FH), and DCIS. All cases with

Helenice Gobbi; Roy A Jensen; Jean F Simpson; Sandra J Olson; David L Page

2001-01-01

386

Tanshinone inhibits intimal hyperplasia in the ligated carotid artery in mice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is considered to play a central role in the development of intimal hyperplasia with pathological artery healing. Danshen, the Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge., has long been regarded as an effective traditional Chinese medicine for cardiovascular diseases. In this paper, the effects of tanshinone (TA), the lipid-soluble pharmacological constituents of danshen, on the intima hyperplasia and

Jun-rong Du; Xin Li; Rong Zhang; Zhong-ming Qian

2005-01-01

387

Apoptosis May Be an Early Event of Progestin Therapy for Endometrial Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of apoptosis during progestin therapy for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.Methods. Pre- and posttreatment paraffin-embedded endometrial tissue samples from 19 women with endometrial hyperplasia were examined for changes in glandular cellularity and apoptotic activity related to the administration of progestins. Twelve patients were successfully treated with progestin therapy and

Charlie A. Amezcua; Jean J. Lu; Juan C. Felix; Frank Z. Stanczyk; Wenxin Zheng

2000-01-01

388

Aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for treating endometrial hyperplasia in obese postmenopausal women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a preliminary study investigating the efficacy of aromatase inhibitor anastrozole in treating endometrial hyperplasia in obese postmenopausal women. We administered anastrozole for 12 months to 11 obese postmenopausal women with high operative risk, in order to treat endometrial hyperplasia (four simple, five complex and two atypical). Endometrial thickness in all cases and histology too in the two cases

Theodoros Agorastos; Violeta Vaitsi; Konstantinos Pantazis; Efstathios Efstathiadis; Dimitrios Vavilis; John N. Bontis

2005-01-01

389

Use of computerized morphometric analyses of endometrial hyperplasias in the prediction of coexistent cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether computerized morphometric analysis is predictive of coexistent cancer in uteri that show endometrial hyperplasia in curettings or biopsy specimens. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five patients with endometrial hyperplasia and 10 patients with well-differentiated cancers diagnosed from curettings or biopsy specimens and treated by hysterectomy at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital between 1989 and 1993 were identified

Charles J. Dunton; Jan P. A. Baak; Juan P. Palazzo; Paul J. van Diest; Mary McHugh; Eric A. Widra

1996-01-01

390

Maspin expression, subcellular localization and clinicopathological correlation in endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma.  

PubMed

Maspin expression in endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinomas was assessed and its correlation with p53 and Ki67 expressions and clinical outcome, as well as its potential to distinguish typical from atypical endometrial hyperplasia, were assessed in this study. Histological sections from 114 cases of endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma, 75 cases of endometrial hyperplasia (typical and atypical), and 23 normal endometrial tissue samples were examined. The most representative hematoxylin-eosin slides were selected and 2-3 micron-thick sections were cut for immunohistochemical staining with maspin, p53, and Ki67 antibodies. While there was no maspin expression in normal endometrial cells, it was present in 14.5% of the patients with endometrial hyperplasia without atypia. Staining for maspin was positive in atypical hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma in, respectively, 45% and 49.1% of the cases studied. No statistically significant correlations were found between maspin and Ki-67 antibodies or p53 expression. Our findings showed that maspin expression, which generally correlates with a less aggressive behavior, is significantly higher in atypical hyperplasia and in endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Maspin positivity in endometrial hyperplasia could be used to identify pseudo-atypical hyperplasia and could be considered a potentially useful prognostic parameter in those cases in which adenocarcinomas are well differentiated. PMID:24346847

Blandamura, Stella; Alessandrini, Lara; Saccardi, Carlo; Giacomelli, Luciano; Fabris, Alberta; Borghero, Angela; Litta, Pietro

2014-06-01

391

Effect of an integral suspension of Lepidium latifolium on prostate hyperplasia in rats.  

PubMed

This paper studies the effect of an integral suspension of Lepidium latifolium on experimental induced prostate hyperplasia, in rats. Oral treatment with 0.86 mg kg(-1) day(-1) for 6 months, significantly reduced prostate size and volume in castrated rats where the hyperplasia were induced by steroid treatment. PMID:15030923

Martínez Caballero, S; Carricajo Fernández, C; Pérez-Fernández, R

2004-03-01

392

Effect of an integral suspension of Lepidium latifolium on prostate hyperplasia in rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the effect of an integral suspension of Lepidium latifolium on experimental induced prostate hyperplasia, in rats. Oral treatment with 0.86 mg kg?1 day?1 for 6 months, significantly reduced prostate size and volume in castrated rats where the hyperplasia were induced by steroid treatment.

S. Mart??nez Caballero; C. Carricajo Fernández; R. Pérez-Fernández

2004-01-01

393

Use of PR2000, a Herbal Formulation in the Medical Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common processes affecting elderly men. This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of PR-2000, an herbal preparation in the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The trial included 68 patients who were diagnosed with BPH and graded accordingly using the American Urological Association (AUA) symptom score, uroflowmetric study and

C. U. Shah; Mahender Nayak; Kala Suhas Kulkarni

394

Florid basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate: a histological, ultrastructural, and immunohistochemical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basal cell proliferation is a common finding in a benign hyperplastic prostate gland. Occasionally, basal cell hyperplasia is so florid that it can be mistaken for prostatic adenocarcinoma. We characterized histological, ultrastructural, and immunohistochemical features of florid basal cell hyperplasia from transurethral resections (n = 11) and prostatectomy specimens (n = 4). Fifteen cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma were used as

Ximing J Yang; Maria S Tretiakova; Elizabeth Sengupta; Can Gong; Zhong Jiang

2003-01-01

395

A Case of Cushing's Syndrome Presenting as Endometrial Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

We describe here the case of a 39-year-old woman with a cortisol-producing adrenal adenoma and she presented with endometrial hyperplasia and hypertension without the specific characteristics of Cushing's syndrome. The patient had consulted a gynecologist for menometrorrhagia 2 years prior to her referral and she was diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia and hypertension. Her blood pressure and the endometrial lesion were refractory despite taking multiple antihypertensives and repetitive dilation and curettage and progestin treatment. On admission, the clinical examination revealed mild central obesity (a body mass index of 22.9 kg/m2, a waist circumference of 85 cm and a hip circumference of 94cm), but there was no hirsutism and myopathy. She showed impaired glucose tolerance on an oral glucose tolerance test. The biochemical hypercortisolemia together with the prolactin and androgen levels were evaluated to explore the cause of her anovulation. Adrenal Cushing's syndrome was confirmed on the basis of the elevated urinary free cortisol (454 µg/24h, normal range: 20-70) with a suppressed ACTH level (2.0 pg/mL, normal range: 6.0-76.0) and the loss of circadian cortisol secretion. A CT scan revealed a 3.1 cm, hyperechoic, well-marginated mass in the left adrenal gland. Ten months post-adrenalectomy, the patient had unintentionally lost 9 kg of body weight, had regained a regular menstrual cycle and had normal thickness of her endometrium.

Lee, Sang Min; Jung, Tae Sik; Jung, Jung Hwa; Kang, Mi Yeon; Kim, Sun Joo; Chung, Soon Il

2008-01-01

396

p53 nuclear accumulation and ER? expression in ductal hyperplasia of breast in a cohort of 215 Chinese women  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Women with ductal hyperplasia including usual ductal hyperplasia (UDH) and atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) have an increased risk of developing invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) of breast. The importance of several molecular markers in breast cancer has been of considerable interest during recent years such as p53 and estrogen receptor alpha (ER?). However, p53 nuclear accumulation and ER? expression have

Xiao-yun Mao; Chui-feng Fan; Hua-chuan Zheng; Jing Wei; Fan Yao; Feng Jin

2010-01-01

397

Soy Protein Scaffold Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing functional biomaterials using highly processable materials with tailorable physical and bioactive properties is an ongoing challenge in tissue engineering. Soy protein is an abundant, natural resource with potential use for regenerative medicine applications. Preliminary studies show that soy protein can be physically modified and fabricated into various biocompatible constructs. However, optimized soy protein structures for tissue regeneration (i.e. 3D porous scaffolds) have not yet been designed. Furthermore, little work has established the in vivo biocompatibility of implanted soy protein and the benefit of using soy over other proteins including FDA-approved bovine collagen. In this work, freeze-drying and 3D printing fabrication processes were developed using commercially available soy protein to create porous scaffolds that improve cell growth and infiltration compared to other soy biomaterials previously reported. Characterization of scaffold structure, porosity, and mechanical/degradation properties was performed. In addition, the behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells seeded on various designed soy scaffolds was analyzed. Biological characterization of the cell-seeded scaffolds was performed to assess feasibility for use in liver tissue regeneration. The acute and humoral response of soy scaffolds implanted in an in vivo mouse subcutaneous model was also investigated. All fabricated soy scaffolds were modified using thermal, chemical, and enzymatic crosslinking to change properties and cell growth behavior. 3D printing allowed for control of scaffold pore size and geometry. Scaffold structure, porosity, and degradation rate significantly altered the in vivo response. Freeze-dried soy scaffolds had similar biocompatibility as freeze-dried collagen scaffolds of the same protein content. However, the soy scaffolds degraded at a much faster rate, minimizing immunogenicity. Interestingly, subcutaneously implanted soy scaffolds affected blood glucose and insulin sensitivity levels. Furthermore, soy scaffolds implanted in the intraperitoneal cavity attached to adjacent liver tissue with no abnormalities. In vitro, soy scaffolds supported hMSC viability and transdifferentiation into hepatocyte-like cells. These results support the use of soy scaffolds for liver tissue engineering and for treating metabolic diseases. Based on achievable structural and mechanical properties, as well as systemic effects of ingested and degraded soy proteins, soy protein scaffolds may serve as new multifunctional biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Chien, Karen B.

398

Feeding and healing the world: through regenerative agriculture and permaculture.  

PubMed

The study of soil is a mature science, whereas related practical methods of regenerative agriculture and permaculture are not. However, despite a paucity of detailed peer reviewed research published on these topics, there is overwhelming evidence both that the methods work and they may offer the means to address a number of prevailing environmental challenges, e.g. peak oil, climate change, carbon capture, unsustainable agriculture and food shortages, peak phosphorus (phosphate), water shortages, environmental pollution, desert reclamation, and soil degradation. What is lacking is a proper scientific study, made in hand with actual development projects. By elucidating the scientific basis of these remarkable phenomena, we may obtain the means for solving some of the otherwise insurmountable problems confronting humanity, simply by observing, and working with, the patterns and forces of nature. This article is intended as a call to arms to make serious investment in researching and actualising these methods on a global scale. Despite claims that peak oil is no longer a threat because vast resources of gas and shale oil (tight oil) can now be recovered by fracking (hydraulic fracturing) combined with horizontal drilling, the reality is that proven actual reserves are only adequate to delay the peak by a few years. Furthermore, because of the rapid depletion rates of flow from gas wells and oil wells that are accessed by fracking, it will be necessary to drill continuously and relentlessly to maintain output, and there are material limits of equipment, technology and trained personnel to do this. Moreover, to make any sensible difference to the liquid fuel crisis, which is the most immediate consequence of peak oil, it would be necessary to convert the worlds one billion vehicles to run on natural gas rather than liquid fuels refined from crude oil, and this would take some considerable time and effort. The loss of widespread personalised transportation is thus inevitable and imminent, meaning a loss of globalised civilisation and a mandatory return to living in smaller localised communities. Permaculture and regenerative agriculture offer potentially the means to provide food and materials on the small scale, and address the wider issues of carbon emissions, and resource shortages. Since over half the World's population lives in cities, it seems likely that strengthening the resilience of these environments, using urban permaculture, may be a crucial strategy in achieving a measured descent in our use of energy and other resources, rather than an abrupt collapse of civilization. PMID:23469709

Rhodes, Christopher J

2012-01-01

399

Downstream anastomotic hyperplasia. A mechanism of failure in Dacron arterial grafts.  

PubMed Central

The precise location and progression of anastomotic hyperplasia and its possible relationship to flow disturbances was investigated in femoro-femoral Dacron grafts in 28 dogs. In 13 grafts, the outflow from the end-to-side downstream anastomosis was bidirectional (BDO), and in 15 it was unidirectional (UDO) (distally). Grafts were electively removed at intervals of two to 196 days or at the time of thrombosis. Each anastomosis and adjacent artery was perfusion-fixed and sectioned sagittally. The mean sagittal section was projected onto a digitized pad, and the total area of hyperplasia internal to the arterial internal elastic lamina and within the adjacent graft was integrated by computer. The location of the hyperplasia was compared with previously established sites of flow separation and stagnation. The observation was made that hyperplasia is significantly greater at the downstream, as compared with the upstream, anastomosis in both groups (BDO = p less than 0.001 and UDO = p less than 0.001) (analysis of variance for independent groups). Furthermore, this downstream hyperplasia was progressive with time (BDO p less than 0.01) (UDO p less than 0.01); Spearman Rank Correlation. There was no significant increase in the extent of downstream hyperplasia where flow separation was known to be greater (BDO). Five grafts failed (three BDO, two UDO), as a result of complete occlusion of the downstream anastomosis by fibrous hyperplasia. Transmission electron microscopy showed the hyperplasia to consist of collagen-producing smooth muscle cells. Anastomotic hyperplasia is significantly greater at the downstream anastomosis, is progressive with time, and is the primary cause of failure of Dacron arterial grafts in this model. Quantitative analysis of downstream anastomotic hyperplasia may be a valuable measure of the biocompatibility of Dacron grafts. Images Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. Fig. 8.

LoGerfo, F W; Quist, W C; Nowak, M D; Crawshaw, H M; Haudenschild, C C

1983-01-01

400

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOEpatents

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 123 figs.

Cikanek, S.R.

1994-10-25

401

Generation of 150-fs pulses from a diode-pumped Yb:KYW nonlinear regenerative amplifier.  

PubMed

Generation of sub-150-fs-level pulses has been obtained from an Yb-doped crystal-based regenerative amplifier by applying an innovative amplification scheme. This scheme is based on optimization of the linear and non-linear phase during the amplification process inside the regenerative amplifier cavity. This technique with Yb:KYW allows to achieve pulse durations from diode-pumped Yb-doped regenerative amplifiers that were up to now only accessible with more complex Ti:sapphire amplifiers. With this Yb-doped tungstate crystal used in regenerative amplifiers, 145 fs pulses centered at 1026 nm with a spectral bandwidth of 14 nm at 50 kHz for an average power of 1.6 W have been generated. PMID:24787830

Pouysegur, Julien; Delaigue, Martin; Hönninger, Clemens; Georges, Patrick; Druon, Frédéric; Mottay, Eric

2014-04-21

402

The Regenerative Potential of the Mammalian Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nervous System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During this program, an improved method for neurorrhapy has been developed. It has also been shown that certain brachial plexus injuries can be rectified through surgery. The dorsal spinal nerve root and spinal cord both show a regenerative potential but,...

J. B. Campbell

1970-01-01

403

Preliminary Study of a Regenerative Cycle Cryocooler to Reach 5.0 Kelvin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate low temperature achieved by a cryocooler is determined by the balance between its intrinsic refrigeration power and its thermal losses. This study examines in detail the thermal losses which occur in a regenerative cycle cryocooler and estima...

R. E. Sager

1980-01-01

404

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOEpatents

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1994-01-01

405

Definition study for an extended manned test of a regenerative life support system, preliminary test plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary plan and procedure are presented for conducting an extended manned test program for a regenerative life support system. Emphasis will be placed on elements associated with long-term system operation and long-term uninterrupted crew confinement.

1971-01-01

406

Transforming Regenerative Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Final Report. May 19-20, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Workshop on Transforming Regenerative Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Approach was held on May 1920, 2008, in Bethesda, Maryland, by the National Institutes of Health. The primary objective of this critical workshop was to bring together leaders in the m...

2008-01-01

407

Ignition Methods for a 155-mm Regenerative Injection Liquid Propellant Gun.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Methods are discussed for igniting a 155-mm regenerative liquid propellant gun (RLPG). A discussion is given of the igniter design requirements and the igniter concepts under consideration. The designs differ in the location in which the igniter charge is...

J. DeSpirito J. D. Knapton

1988-01-01

408

Effect of the exposure to metal lead on the regenerative ability of Lumbriculus variegatus (Oligochaeta).  

PubMed

Lumbriculus variegatus is a recommended species for use in sediment toxicity tests and is known to have a remarkable power of segmental regeneration. Here, we tested the effects of a chemical stressor on the regenerative ability of L. variegatus and investigated the potential of regenerative ability as an additional new parameter in standard toxicity tests. The worms were cut into two equal segments, and exposed to various concentrations of lead. Two assays were performed: one with sediment spiked with lead and the other with water spiked with lead. The endpoints were segmental regeneration, survival and behaviour. Regenerative ability was clearly affected by exposure to lead-contaminated sediment and lead-contaminated water. Organisms exposed to lead grew more slowly than those not exposed; worms exposed to contaminated water showed higher mortalities than those exposed to contaminated sediment. Results showed that L. variegatus' regenerative ability, as a developmental test parameter, is more sensitive than mortality. PMID:21787687

Sardo, Ana Margarida; Pereira, Lourdes; Gerhardt, Almut; Soares, Amadeu M V M

2011-01-01

409

Simulation and Performance Evaluation of Hydraulic Transmission Electromagnetic Energy-Regenerative Active Suspension  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new shock absorber with the combined mechanical-electromagnetic-hydraulic structure is proposed to recycle the energy dissipated by shock absorber in the process of driving. The suspension system built on the new shock absorber is generally called hydraulic transmission electromagnetic energy-regenerative suspension. This paper presents the working theories of the hydraulic transmission electromagnetic energy-regenerative suspension, and also builds a kinetics simulation

Xu Lin; Yang Bo; Guo Xuexun; Yan Jun

2010-01-01

410

Optimal packing for cascaded regenerative transmission based on phase sensitive amplifiers.  

PubMed

We investigate the transmission performance of advanced modulation formats in nonlinear regenerative channels based on cascaded phase sensitive amplifiers. We identify the impact of amplitude and phase noise dynamics along the transmission line and show that after a cascade of regenerators, densely packed single ring PSK constellations outperform multi-ring constellations. The results of this study will greatly simplify the design of future nonlinear regenerative channels for ultra-high capacity transmission. PMID:24514694

Sorokina, Mariia; Sygletos, Stylianos; Ellis, Andrew D; Turitsyn, Sergei

2013-12-16

411

Testing a Regenerative Carbon Dioxide and Moisture Removal Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration supported the development of a new vacuum-desorbed regenerative carbon dioxide and humidity control technology for use in short duration human spacecraft. The technology was baselined for use in the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle's Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS). Termed the Carbon Diox-ide And Moisture Removal Amine Swing-bed (CAMRAS), the unit was developed by Hamilton Sundstrand and has undergone extensive testing at Johnson Space Center. The tests were per-formed to evaluate performance characteristics under range of operating conditions and human loads expected in future spacecraft applications, as part of maturation to increase its readiness for flight. Early tests, conducted at nominal atmospheric pressure, used human metabolic sim-ulators to generate loads, with later tests making us of human test subjects. During these tests many different test cases were performed, involving from 1 to 6 test subjects, with different activity profiles (sleep, nominal and exercise). These tests were conducted within the airlock portion of a human rated test chamber sized to simulate the Orion cabin free air volume. More recently, a test was completed that integrated the CAMRAS with a simulated suit loop using prototype umbilicals and was conducted at reduced atmospheric pressure and elevated oxygen levels. This paper will describe the facilities and procedures used to conduct these and future tests, and provide a summary of findings.

Barta, Daniel J.; Button, Amy; Sweterlitsch, Jeffrey; Curley, Suzanne

412

Polymer-based microparticles in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.  

PubMed

Different types of biomaterials, processed into different shapes, have been proposed as temporary support for cells in tissue engineering (TE) strategies. The manufacturing methods used in the production of particles in drug delivery strategies have been adapted for the development of microparticles in the fields of TE and regenerative medicine (RM). Microparticles have been applied as building blocks and matrices for the delivery of soluble factors, aiming for the construction of TE scaffolds, either by fusion giving rise to porous scaffolds or as injectable systems for in situ scaffold formation, avoiding complicated surgery procedures. More recently, organ printing strategies have been developed by the fusion of hydrogel particles with encapsulated cells, aiming the production of organs in in vitro conditions. Mesoscale self-assembly of hydrogel microblocks and the use of leachable particles in three-dimensional (3D) layer-by-layer (LbL) techniques have been suggested as well in recent works. Along with innovative applications, new perspectives are open for the use of these versatile structures, and different directions can still be followed to use all the potential that such systems can bring. This review focuses on polymeric microparticle processing techniques and overviews several examples and general concepts related to the use of these systems in TE and RE applications. The use of materials in the development of microparticles from research to clinical applications is also discussed. PMID:21584949

Oliveira, Mariana B; Mano, Joăo F

2011-07-01

413

Cord blood in regenerative medicine: do we need immune suppression?  

PubMed Central

Cord blood is currently used as an alternative to bone marrow as a source of stem cells for hematopoietic reconstitution after ablation. It is also under intense preclinical investigation for a variety of indications ranging from stroke, to limb ischemia, to myocardial regeneration. A major drawback in the current use of cord blood is that substantial morbidity and mortality are associated with pre-transplant ablation of the recipient hematopoietic system. Here we raise the possibility that due to unique immunological properties of both the stem cell and non-stem cell components of cord blood, it may be possible to utilize allogeneic cells for regenerative applications without needing to fully compromise the recipient immune system. Issues raised will include: graft versus host potential, the immunogeneicity of the cord blood graft, and the parallels between cord blood transplantation and fetal to maternal trafficking. The previous use of unmatched cord blood in absence of any immune ablation, as well as potential steps for widespread clinical implementation of allogeneic cord blood grafts will also be discussed.

Riordan, Neil H; Chan, Kyle; Marleau, Annette M; Ichim, Thomas E

2007-01-01

414

Membrane electrode assemblies for unitised regenerative polymer electrolyte fuel cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Membrane electrode assemblies for regenerative polymer electrolyte fuel cells were made by hot pressing and sputtering. The different MEAs are examined in fuel cell and water electrolysis mode at different pressure and temperature conditions. Polarisation curves and ac impedance spectra are used to investigate the influence of the changes in coating technique. The hydrogen gas permeation through the membrane is determined by analysing the produced oxygen in electrolysis mode. The analysis shows, that better performances in both process directions can be achieved with an additional layer of sputtered platinum on the oxygen electrode. Thus, the electrochemical round-trip efficiency can be improved by more than 4%. Treating the oxygen electrode with PTFE solution shows better performance in fuel cell and less performance in electrolysis mode. The increase of the round-trip efficiency is negligible. A layer sputtered directly on the membrane shows good impermeability, and hence results in high voltages at low current densities. The mass transportation is apparently constricted. The gas diffusion layer on the oxygen electrode, in this case a titanium foam, leads to flooding of the cell in fuel cell mode. Stable operation is achieved after pretreatment of the GDL with a PTFE solution.

Wittstadt, U.; Wagner, E.; Jungmann, T.

415

Thermal Inkjet Printing in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

With the advantages of high throughput, digital control, and highly accurate placement of cells and biomaterial scaffold to the desired 2D and 3D locations, bioprinting has great potential to develop promising approaches in translational medicine and organ replacement. The most recent advances in organ and tissue bioprinting based on the thermal inkjet printing technology are described in this review. Bioprinting has no or little side effect to the printed mammalian cells and it can conveniently combine with gene transfection or drug delivery to the ejected living systems during the precise placement for tissue construction. With layer-by-layer assembly, 3D tissues with complex structures can be printed using scanned CT or MRI images. Vascular or nerve systems can be enabled simultaneously during the organ construction with digital control. Therefore, bioprinting is the only solution to solve this critical issue in thick and complex tissues fabrication with vascular system. Collectively, bioprinting based on thermal inkjet has great potential and broad applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This review article introduces some important patents related to bioprinting living systems and the bioprinting in tissue engineering field.

Cui, Xiaofeng; Boland, Thomas; D'Lima, Darryl D.; Lotz, Martin K.

2013-01-01

416

Refurbishment of one-person regenerative air revitalization system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Regenerative processes for the revitalization of spacecraft atmospheres and reclamation of waste waters are essential for making long-term manned space missions a reality. Processes studied include: static feed water electrolysis for oxygen generation, Bosch carbon dioxide reduction, electrochemical carbon dioxide concentration, vapor compression distillation water recovery, and iodine monitoring. The objectives were to: provide engineering support to Marshall Space Flight Center personnel throughout all phases of the test program, e.g., planning through data analysis; fabricate, test, and deliver to Marshall Space Flight Center an electrochemical carbon dioxide module and test stand; fabricate and deliver an iodine monitor; evaluate the electrochemical carbon dioxide concentrator subsystem configuration and its ability to ensure safe utilization of hydrogen gas; evaluate techniques for recovering oxygen from a product oxygen and carbon dioxide stream; and evaluate the performance of an electrochemical carbon dioxide concentrator module to operate without hydrogen as a method of safe haven operation. Each of the tasks were related in that all focused on providing a better understanding of the function, operation, and performance of developmental pieces of environmental control and life support system hardware.

Powell, Ferolyn T.

1989-01-01

417

Regenerative life support technology challenges for the Space Exploration Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Regenerative life support systems have been identified as one of the critical enabling technologies for future human exploration of space. This discipline encompasses processes and subsystems which regenerate the air, water, solid waste, and food streams typical of human habitation so as to minimize the mass and volume of stored consumables which must accompany the humans on a mission. A number of key technology challenges within this broad discipline are described, ranging from the development of new physical, chemical, and biological processes for regenerating the air, water, solid waste, and food streams to the development of improved techniques for monitoring and controlling microbial and trace constituent contamination. A continuing challenge overarching the development of these new technologies is the need to minimize the mass, volume, and electrical power consumption of the flight hardware. More important for long duration exploration missions, however, is the development of highly reliable, long-lived, self- sufficient systems which absolutely minimize the logistics resupply and operational maintenance requirements of the life support system and which ensure human safety through their robust, reliable operating characteristics.

Bilardo, Vincent J., Jr.; Theis, Ronald L. A.

1992-01-01

418

Regenerative Endodontics in light of the stem cell paradigm  

PubMed Central

Stem cells play a critical role in development and in tissue regeneration. The dental pulp contains a small sub-population of stem cells that are involved in the response of the pulp to caries progression. Specifically, stem cells replace odontoblasts that have undergone cell death as a consequence of the cariogenic challenge. Stem cells also secrete factors that have the potential to enhance pulp vascularization and provide the oxygen and nutrients required for the dentinogenic response that is typically observed in teeth with deep caries. However, the same angiogenic factors that are required for dentin regeneration may ultimately contribute to the demise of the pulp by enhancing vascular permeability and interstitial pressure. Recent studies focused on the biology of dental pulp stem cells revealed that the multipotency and angiogenic capacity of these cells could be exploited therapeutically in dental pulp tissue engineering. Collectively, these findings suggest new treatment paradigms in the field of Endodontics. The goal of this review is to discuss the potential impact of dental pulp stem cells to Regenerative Endodontics.

Rosa, Vinicius; Botero, Tatiana M.; Nor, Jacques E.

2013-01-01

419

Inhibition of intracranial glioma growth by endometrial regenerative cells.  

PubMed

Animal studies have demonstrated that selective tropism of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for glioma may be used as a means of selective delivery of cytotoxic payloads. Endometrial Regenerative Cells (ERC) are a population of mesenchymal-like cells which possesse pluripotent differentiation capacity and is characterized by unique surface markers and growth factor production. In this study we sought to determine whether unmanipulated ERC would alter the growth of glioma using the aggressive C6/LacZ7 (C6) into Sprague Dawley rat model. ERC administration by intravenous (i.v.) or intratumoral (i.t.) showed significant inhibition of glioma: volume reduction of 49% after i.v. treatment (p < 0.05), and about 46% i.t. treatment (p < 0.05). Tumor reduction was associated with inhibition of angiogenesis and reduced numbers of CD133 positive cells in the incranial tumor. Despite the angiogenic potential of ERC in the hindlimb ischemia model, these data support a paradoxical tumor inhibitory activity of ERC. Further studies are needed to determine the qualitative differences between physiological angiogenesis, which seems to be supported by ERC and tumor angiogenesis which appeared to be inhibited. PMID:19197154

Han, Xiaodi; Meng, Xiaolong; Yin, Zhenglian; Rogers, Andrea; Zhong, Jie; Rillema, Paul; Jackson, James A; Ichim, Thomas E; Minev, Boris; Carrier, Ewa; Patel, Amit N; Murphy, Michael P; Min, Wei-Ping; Riordan, Neil H

2009-02-15

420

Endometrial regenerative cells: a novel stem cell population.  

PubMed

Angiogenesis is a critical component of the proliferative endometrial phase of the menstrual cycle. Thus, we hypothesized that a stem cell-like population exist and can be isolated from menstrual blood. Mononuclear cells collected from the menstrual blood contained a subpopulation of adherent cells which could be maintained in tissue culture for >68 doublings and retained expression of the markers CD9, CD29, CD41a, CD44, CD59, CD73, CD90 and CD105, without karyotypic abnormalities. Proliferative rate of the cells was significantly higher than control umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells, with doubling occurring every 19.4 hours. These cells, which we termed "Endometrial Regenerative Cells" (ERC) were capable of differentiating into 9 lineages: cardiomyocytic, respiratory epithelial, neurocytic, myocytic, endothelial, pancreatic, hepatic, adipocytic, and osteogenic. Additionally, ERC produced MMP3, MMP10, GM-CSF, angiopoietin-2 and PDGF-BB at 10-100,000 fold higher levels than two control cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cell lines. Given the ease of extraction and pluripotency of this cell population, we propose ERC as a novel alternative to current stem cells sources. PMID:18005405

Meng, Xiaolong; Ichim, Thomas E; Zhong, Jie; Rogers, Andrea; Yin, Zhenglian; Jackson, James; Wang, Hao; Ge, Wei; Bogin, Vladimir; Chan, Kyle W; Thébaud, Bernard; Riordan, Neil H

2007-01-01

421

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine: past, present, and future.  

PubMed

Tissue and organ repair still represents a clinical challenge. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TERM) is an emerging field focused on the development of alternative therapies for tissue/organ repair. This highly multidisciplinary field, in which bioengineering and medicine merge, is based on integrative approaches using scaffolds, cell populations from different sources, growth factors, nanomedicine, gene therapy, and other techniques to overcome the limitations that currently exist in the clinics. Indeed, its overall objective is to induce the formation of new functional tissues, rather than just implanting spare parts. This chapter aims at introducing the reader to the concepts and techniques of TERM. It begins by explaining how TERM have evolved and merged into TERM, followed by a short overview of some of its key aspects such as the combinations of scaffolds with cells and nanomedicine, scaffold processing, and new paradigms of the use of stem cells for tissue repair/regeneration, which ultimately could represent the future of new therapeutic approaches specifically aimed at clinical applications. PMID:24083429

Salgado, António J; Oliveira, Joaquim M; Martins, Albino; Teixeira, Fábio G; Silva, Nuno A; Neves, Nuno M; Sousa, Nuno; Reis, Rui L

2013-01-01

422

Potency of Fish Collagen as a Scaffold for Regenerative Medicine  

PubMed Central

Cells, growth factors, and scaffold are the crucial factors for tissue engineering. Recently, scaffolds consisting of natural polymers, such as collagen and gelatin, bioabsorbable synthetic polymers, such as polylactic acid and polyglycolic acid, and inorganic materials, such as hydroxyapatite, as well as composite materials have been rapidly developed. In particular, collagen is the most promising material for tissue engineering due to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. Collagen contains specific cell adhesion domains, including the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motif. After the integrin receptor on the cell surface binds to the RGD motif on the collagen molecule, cell adhesion is actively induced. This interaction contributes to the promotion of cell growth and differentiation and the regulation of various cell functions. However, it is difficult to use a pure collagen scaffold as a tissue engineering material due to its low mechanical strength. In order to make up for this disadvantage, collagen scaffolds are often modified using a cross-linker, such as gamma irradiation and carbodiimide. Taking into account the possibility of zoonosis, a variety of recent reports have been documented using fish collagen scaffolds. We herein review the potency of fish collagen scaffolds as well as associated problems to be addressed for use in regenerative medicine.

Yamamoto, Kohei; Yanagiguchi, Kajiro

2014-01-01

423

Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell System Gas Storage/Radiator Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ancillary components for Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell (URFC) Energy Storage System are being developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center. This URFC system is unique in that it uses the surface area of the hydrogen and oxygen storage tanks as radiating heat surfaces for overall thermal control of the system. The waste heat generated by the URFC stack during charging and discharging is transferred from the cell stack to the surface of each tank by loop heat pipes. The heat pipes are coiled around each tank and covered with a thin layer of thermally conductive layer of carbon composite. The thin layer of carbon composite acts as a fin structure that spreads the heat away from the heat pipe and across the entire tank surface. Two different sized commercial grade composite tanks were constructed with integral heat pipes and tested in a thermal vacuum chamber to examine the feasibility of using the storage tanks as system radiators. The storage radiators were subjected to different steady-state heat loads and varying heat load profiles. The surface emissivity and specific heat capacity of each tank were calculated. The results were incorporated into a model that simulates the performance of similar radiators using lightweight, space rated carbon composite tanks.

Jakupca, Ian; Burke, Kenneth A.

2003-01-01

424

Mesenchymal stem cells: environmentally responsive therapeutics for regenerative medicine  

PubMed Central

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are partially defined by their ability to differentiate into tissues including bone, cartilage and adipose in vitro, but it is their trophic, paracrine and immunomodulatory functions that may have the greatest therapeutic impact in vivo. Unlike pharmaceutical treatments that deliver a single agent at a specific dose, MSCs are site regulated and secrete bioactive factors and signals at variable concentrations in response to local microenvironmental cues. Significant progress has been made in understanding the biochemical and metabolic mechanisms and feedback associated with MSC response. The anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory capacity of MSC may be paramount in the restoration of localized or systemic conditions for normal healing and tissue regeneration. Allogeneic MSC treatments, categorized as a drug by regulatory agencies, have been widely pursued, but new studies demonstrate the efficacy of autologous MSC therapies, even for individuals affected by a disease state. Safety and regulatory concerns surrounding allogeneic cell preparations make autologous and minimally manipulated cell therapies an attractive option for many regenerative, anti-inflammatory and autoimmune applications.

Murphy, Matthew B; Moncivais, Kathryn; Caplan, Arnold I

2013-01-01

425

Is a regenerative approach viable for the treatment of COPD?  

PubMed Central

Degenerative lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common with huge worldwide morbidity. Anti-inflammatory drug development strategies have proved disappointing and current treatment is aimed at symptomatic relief. Only lung transplantation with all its attendant difficulties offers hope of cure and the outlook for affected patients is bleak. Lung regeneration therapies aim to reverse the structural and functional deficits in COPD either by delivery of exogenous lung cells to replace lost tissue, delivery of exogenous stem cells to induce a local paracrine effect probably through an anti-inflammatory action or by the administration of small molecules to stimulate the endogenous regenerative ability of lung cells. In animal models of emphysema and disrupted alveolar development each of these strategies has shown some success but there are potential tumour-inducing dangers with a cellular approach. Small molecules such as all-trans retinoic acid have been successful in animal models although the mechanism is not completely understood. There are currently two Pharma-sponsored trials in progress concerning patients with COPD, one of a specific retinoic acid receptor gamma agonist and another using mesenchymal stem cells. LINKED ARTICLES This article is part of a themed issue on Respiratory Pharmacology. To view the other articles in this issue visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.2011.163.issue-1

Hind, Matthew; Maden, Malcolm

2011-01-01

426

Regenerative fuel cell study for satellites in GEO orbit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Summarized are the results of a 12-month study to identify high performance regenerative hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell concepts for geosynchronous satellite application. Emphasis was placed on concepts with the potential for high energy density (W-hr/lb) and passive means for water and heat management to maximize system reliability. Both polymer membrane and alkaline electrolyte fuel cells were considered, with emphasis on the alkaline cell because of its high performance, advanced state of development, and proven ability to operate in a launch and space environment. Three alkaline system concepts were studied. The first, the integrated design, utilized a configuration in which the fuel cell and electrolysis cells are alternately stacked inside a pressure vessel. Product water is transferred by diffusion during electrolysis and waste heat is conducted through the pressure wall, thus using completely passive means for transfer and control. The second alkaline system, the dedicated design, uses a separate fuel cell and electrolysis stack so that each unit can be optimized in size and weight based on its orbital operating period. The third design was a dual function stack configuration, in which each cell can operate in both fuel cell and electrolysis mode, thus eliminating the need for two separate stacks and associated equipment. Results indicate that using near term technology energy densities between 46 and 52 W-hr/lb can be achieved at efficiencies of 55 percent. System densities of 115 W-hr/lb are contemplated.

Levy, Alexander; Vandine, Leslie L.; Stedman, James K.

1987-01-01

427

PTEN Deletion Enhances the Regenerative Ability of Adult Corticospinal Neurons  

PubMed Central

Despite the essential role of the corticospinal tract (CST) in controlling voluntary movements, successful regeneration of large numbers of injured CST axons beyond a spinal cord lesion has never been achieved. Here we demonstrate a critical involvement of PTEN/mTOR in controlling the regenerative capacity of mouse corticospinal neurons. Upon the completion of development, the regrowth potential of CST axons lost and this is accompanied by a down-regulation of mTOR activity in corticospinal neurons. Axonal injury further diminishes neuronal mTOR activity in these neurons. Forced up-regulation of mTOR activity in corticospinal neurons by conditional deletion of PTEN, a negative regulator of mTOR, enhances compensatory sprouting of uninjured CST axons and even more strikingly, enables successful regeneration of a cohort of injured CST axons past a spinal cord lesion. Furthermore, these regenerating CST axons possess the ability to reform synapses in spinal segments distal to the injury. Thus, modulating neuronal intrinsic PTEN/mTOR activity represents a potential therapeutic strategy for promoting axon regeneration and functional repair after adult spinal cord injury.

Liu, Kai; Lu, Yi; Lee, Jae K.; Samara, Ramsey; Willenberg, Rafer; Sears-Kraxberger, Ilse; Tedeschi, Andrea; Park, Kevin Kyungsuk; Jin, Duo; Cai, Bin; Xu, Bengang; Connolly, Lauren; Steward, Oswald; Zheng, Binhai; He, Zhigang

2010-01-01

428

[Platelets-rich plasma: a versatile tool for regenerative medicine?].  

PubMed

Platelet-rich plasma is a blood product concentrate obtained by centrifugation of whole blood that is characterized by a high concentration of platelets (4 to 6 times their normal values). The high concentration of trophic factors contained in the granules of platelets, have led to suggest that the application of platelet-rich plasma can help to stimulate or accelerate the repair or regeneration of a number of tissues. Since their first application in the treatment of skin ulcers in 1980, a considerable number of novel applications in different fields of medicine have emerged (Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Maxillofacial Surgery surgical wounds, musculoskeletal disorders, burns, Esthetic Surgery, repair of peripheral nerves, etc.), some of these applications with clearly positive or very promising results. Despite the large amount of experimental and clinical literature about the usefulness of platelet-rich plasma in different areas of regenerative medicine, there are few therapeutic indications in which it is fully demonstrated its effectiveness. This fact highlights the importance of carry out methodologically appropriate clinical trials in the near future, in order to improve the evidence level of platelet-rich plasma treatment. The purpose of this article is to perform an update and critical review about the biological basis of platelet-rich plasma, to review indications for which there is more scientific support on its use, and finally to describe their new indications that are currently under research. PMID:23461926

Carrillo-Mora, Paul; González-Villalva, Adriana; Macías-Hernández, Salvador Israel; Villaseńor, Carlos Pineda

2013-01-01

429

Restoration of anterior regeneration in a planarian with limited regenerative ability.  

PubMed

Variability of regenerative potential among animals has long perplexed biologists. On the basis of their exceptional regenerative abilities, planarians have become important models for understanding the molecular basis of regeneration. However, planarian species with limited regenerative abilities are also found. Despite the importance of understanding the differences between closely related, regenerating and non-regenerating organisms, few studies have focused on the evolutionary loss of regeneration, and the molecular mechanisms leading to such regenerative loss remain obscure. Here we examine Procotyla fluviatilis, a planarian with restricted ability to replace missing tissues, using next-generation sequencing to define the gene expression programs active in regeneration-permissive and regeneration-deficient tissues. We found that Wnt signalling is aberrantly activated in regeneration-deficient tissues. Notably, downregulation of canonical Wnt signalling in regeneration-deficient regions restores regenerative abilities: blastemas form and new heads regenerate in tissues that normally never regenerate. This work reveals that manipulating a single signalling pathway can reverse the evolutionary loss of regenerative potential. PMID:23883929

Sikes, James M; Newmark, Phillip A

2013-08-01

430

Restoration of anterior regeneration in a planarian with limited regenerative ability  

PubMed Central

Summary Variability of regenerative potential among animals has long perplexed biologists1. Based on their amazing regenerative abilities, planarians have become important models for understanding the molecular basis of regeneration2; however, planarian species with limited regenerative abilities are also found3,4. Despite the importance of understanding the differences between closely related, regenerating and non-regenerating organisms, few studies have focused on the evolutionary loss of regeneration5, and the molecular mechanisms leading to such regenerative loss remain obscure. Here we examine Procotyla fluviatilis, a planarian with restricted ability to replace missing tissues6, utilizing next-generation sequencing to define the gene expression programs active in regeneration-permissive and regeneration-deficient tissues. We found that Wnt signaling is aberrantly activated in regeneration-deficient tissues. Remarkably, down-regulation of canonical Wnt signaling in regeneration-deficient regions restores regenerative abilities: blastemas form and new heads regenerate in tissues that normally never regenerate. This work reveals that manipulating a single signaling pathway can reverse the evolutionary loss of regenerative potential.

Sikes, James M.; Newmark, Phillip A.

2013-01-01

431

Prevention of Bronchial Hyperplasia by EGFR Pathway Inhibitors in an Organotypic Culture Model  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Early detection or prevention strategies are urgently needed to increase survival. Hyperplasia is the first morphologic change that occurs in the bronchial epithelium during lung cancer development, followed by squamous metaplasia, dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and invasive tumor. The current study was designed to determine the molecular mechanisms that control bronchial epithelium hyperplasia. Using primary normal human tracheobronchial epithelial (NHTBE) cells cultured using the 3-dimensional organotypic method, we found that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands EGF, transforming growth factor-alpha, and amphiregulin induced hyperplasia, as determined by cell proliferation and multilayered epithelium formation. We also found that EGF induced increased cyclin D1 expression, which plays a critical role in bronchial hyperplasia; this overexpression was mediated by activating the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway but not the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway. Erlotinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and U0126, a MEK inhibitor, completely inhibited EGF-induced hyperplasia. Furthermore, a promoter analysis revealed that the activator protein-1 transcription factor regulates EGF-induced cyclin D1 overexpression. Activator protein-1 depletion using siRNA targeting its c-Jun component completely abrogated EGF-induced cyclin D1 expression. In conclusion, we demonstrated that bronchial hyperplasia can be modeled in vitro using primary NHTBE cells maintained in a 3-dimensional (3-D) organotypic culture. EGFR and MEK inhibitors completely blocked EGF-induced bronchial hyperplasia, suggesting that they have a chemopreventive role.

Lee, Jangsoon; Ryu, Seung-Hee; Kang, Shin Myung; Chung, Wen-Cheng; Gold, Kathryn Ann; Kim, Edward S.; Hittelman, Walter N.; Hong, Waun Ki; Koo, Ja Seok

2011-01-01

432

A Primary Care Physician's Perspective on Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Primary care clinicians are generally the first point of contact for men who suffer troublesome symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Although a subset of these patients will ultimately require referral to a urologist for an invasive procedure to provide symptom control, the majority can be appropriately managed in the ambulatory setting. Most symptomatic men respond favorably to ?-blockers, which provide prompt improvement in symptoms such as nocturia. Although ?-blockers may control troublesome lower urinary tract symptoms, there is no suggestion that they forestall the need for surgery or reduce the likelihood of development of acute urinary retention. Therefore, clinicians need to become familiar with use of 5-?-reductase inhibitors, as this is the only class of pharmacotherapy that has been shown to have a diseasemodifying effect.

Kuritzky, Louis

2003-01-01

433

Spontaneous regression of focal nodular hyperplasia: a pathological report  

PubMed Central

Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign tumour of the liver, occurring in 0.6–3% of the general population. Most lesions are diagnosed incidentally. With the increasing use and improvement of diagnostic imaging, FNH is being observed more often. It has been shown, using radiological approaches, that most FNH remain stable, or even regress, over a long follow-up period. In addition, it is extremely rare that FNH were discovered in elderly. However, to our knowledge, there is no pathological report illustrating the regression of FNH. We report here a case showing the pathological changes occurring during the regression phase of FNH, with dense fibrous tissue mixed with arteries replacing hepatocytes nodules.

Laumonier, H; Leblanc, F; Balabaud, C; Bioulac-Sage, P

2010-01-01

434

Spontaneous regression of focal nodular hyperplasia: a pathological report.  

PubMed

Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign tumour of the liver, occurring in 0.6-3% of the general population. Most lesions are diagnosed incidentally. With the increasing use and improvement of diagnostic imaging, FNH is being observed more often. It has been shown, using radiological approaches, that most FNH remain stable, or even regress, over a long follow-up period. In addition, it is extremely rare that FNH were discovered in elderly. However, to our knowledge, there is no pathological report illustrating the regression of FNH. We report here a case showing the pathological changes occurring during the regression phase of FNH, with dense fibrous tissue mixed with arteries replacing hepatocytes nodules. PMID:22778370

Laumonier, H; Leblanc, F; Balabaud, C; Bioulac-Sage, P

2010-01-01

435

Subpontic osseous hyperplasia: Three case reports and literature review  

PubMed Central

Subpontic osseous hyperplasia (SOH) is an ectopic growth of bone occurring on the edentulous ridge beneath a fixed partial denture. The aim of this article is to present three patients with SOH with long-term follow-up and to make a current overview of the literature. Presented maxillary SOH is the second case in the dental literature. Intraorally the lesions were bone-hard and painless swellings in the subpontic space. Radiographically, the maxillary case was a nodular bone growth having similar radiodensity and trabeculation to the adjacent bone with a thin radiopaque border. Mandibular cases were bony growths, which were more radiopaque than the adjacent alveolar ridge. Follow-up radiographs revealed regression in two of the cases. Clinicians should take care not to cause the possible etiologies of SOH such as functional stresses and chronic irritation by the prosthetic treatments and be aware of SOH does not usually require treatment or a biopsy.

Aydin, Ulkem; Yildirim, Derya; Bozdemir, Esin

2013-01-01

436

Diagnosis and management of classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia.  

PubMed

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is among the most common genetic disorders. Deficiency of adrenal steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency due to mutations in the CYP21A2 gene accounts for about 95% cases of CAH. This disorder manifests with androgen excess with or without salt wasting. It also is a potentially life threatening disorder; neonatal screening with 17-hydroxyprogesterone measurement can diagnose the condition in asymptomatic children. Carefully monitored therapy with glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid supplementation will ensure optimal growth and development for children with CAH. Genital surgery may be required for girls with CAH. Continued care is required for individuals with CAH as adults to prevent long-term adverse consequences of the disease, including infertility, metabolic syndrome and osteoporosis. PMID:23624029

Marumudi, Eunice; Khadgawat, Rajesh; Surana, Vineet; Shabir, Iram; Joseph, Angela; Ammini, Ariachery C

2013-08-01

437

Diagnosis and management of hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is the second most common benign tumor of the liver, after hemangioma. It is generally found incidentally and is most common in reproductive-aged women, but it also affects males and can be diagnosed at any age. Patients are rarely symptomatic, but FNH sometimes causes epigastric or right upper quadrant pain. The main clinical task is to differentiate it from other hypervascular hepatic lesions such as hepatic adenoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, or hypervascular metastases, but invasive diagnostic procedures can generally be avoided with the appropriate use of imaging techniques. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is more sensitive and specific than conventional ultrasonography (US) or computed tomography (CT), but Doppler US and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) can greatly improve the accuracy in the diagnosis of FNH. Once a correct diagnosis has been made, in most cases there is no indication for surgery, and treatment includes conservative clinical follow-up in asymptomatic patients.

Venturi, A.; Piscaglia, F.; Vidili, G.; Flori, S.; Righini, R.; Golfieri, R.; Bolondi, L.

2007-01-01

438

Bartholin's Gland Bilateral Nodular Hyperplasia: A Case Report Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Tumors which originate from the Bartholin’s glands (BGs) are very rare. Many solid masses that arise from the BGs are carcinoma, though these benign solid lesions are rare. Case Presentation: To the best of the reporter’s knowledge, about 35 cases have been reported in the English literature so far, most of which accompanied with signs or symptoms of Bartholin’s duct cyst. In this paper we report a 43-year-old woman with bilateral solid masses in the BGs, incidentally detected during anterior-posterior colpoperineoplasty. The masses were then excised. Discussion: The histopathological examination showed increased number of acini with preserved duct-acinar connection, consistent with nodular hyperplasia. The patient had used oral contraceptive pill for four years.

Akbarzadeh Jahromi, Mojgan; Sari Aslani, Fatemeh; Samsami Dehghani, Alamtaj; Mahmoodi, Elham

2014-01-01

439

[5-alpha-reductase inhibitors in benign prostatic hyperplasia].  

PubMed

Sixteen patients presenting benign prostate gland hyperplasia undergo conservative treatment with Finasterid over the period 1992 through 1995. Prior to treatment, in all patients the subjective complaints are assayed on the basis of the IPSS rating system for severity of complaints. Uroflowmetry along with evaluating the quantity of residual urine using an isotope method, and echographic determination of the prostate gland volume, are performed. During the six- to nine-month follow-up study, an increase in maximal urinary output by 3.2 ml/sec, as well as reduction of the prostate gland volume by 24.5 per cent are documented in 78 per cent of the patients against the background of alleviated subjective complaints in 69 per cent. PMID:9379618

Panchev, P; Ne?kov, K

1997-01-01

440

Silodosin in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly prevalent in older men. Medical therapy is the first-line treatment for LUTS due to BPH. Alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers remain one of the mainstays in the treatment of male LUTS and clinical BPH. They exhibit early onset of efficacy with regard to both symptoms and flow rate improvement, and this is clearly demonstrated in placebo-controlled trials with extensions out to five years. These agents have been shown to prevent symptomatic progression of the disease. The aim of this article is to offer a critical review of the current literature on silodosin, formerly known as KMD-3213, a novel alpha-blocker with unprecedented selectivity for ?1A-adrenergic receptors, as compared with both ?1B- and ?1D -adrenoceptors, exceeding the selectivity of all currently used ?1-blockers, and with clinically promising effects.

Rossi, Maxime; Roumeguere, Thierry

2010-01-01

441

Brunner's gland hyperplasia at the ampulla of Vater.  

PubMed

Brunner's gland hyperplasia (BGH) is a diagnostic challenge where in the pathophysiology and natural history remain poorly understood. This Case Report describes BGH arising at the ampulla of Vater, causing abdominal pain and vomiting in a 46-year-old man. Owing to the inconclusive nature of imaging studies and suspicious intraoperative findings, a Whipple resection was performed without any complications. Histological analysis showed that the obstructing lesion was BGH, with no evidence of malignancy. This is only the second such case of its kind at the ampulla of Vater to be reported. In addition, we present the previously unreported endoscopic ultrasound findings. The subsequent literature review focuses on the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of BGH. PMID:16534163

Janes, S E J; Zaitoun, A M; Catton, J A; Aithal, G P; Beckingham, I J

2006-01-01

442

Thymic hyperplasia in a patient with Graves' disease.  

PubMed

Hyperplastic changes of the thymus may be found in patients with Graves' disease. However, this rarely presents as an anterior mediastinal mass, particularly among adults. In this report, we describe a 32-year old woman with Graves' disease and hyperthyroidism. During medical evaluation and treatment for her hyperthyroidism, a large anterior mediastinal mass was incidentally discovered. A cytological study of the lesion via computed tomogram-guided fine needle biopsy could not make a definitive diagnosis and suggested the possibility of a thymoma, which led to a surgical exploration. However, the final pathological diagnosis of the surgically removed tissue was thymic hyperplasia. The relationship between Graves' disease and thymic changes is discussed. PMID:11355328

Hsu, L H; Chen, J C; Tsai, G J; Tsou, M H; Hsu, W H

2001-02-01

443

Luteinized cystic ovarian hyperplasia associated with placentomegaly due to chorangiomatosis.  

PubMed

Luteinized cystic ovarian hyperplasia (LCOH) is a rare benign condition characterized by bilateral ovarian enlargement during pregnancy secondary to high maternal human chorionic gonadotropin serum levels referred to occur under several conditions. We report the case of a 29-year-old obese woman with LCOH incidentally discovered during cesarean section of a single pregnancy at 35 weeks of gestation for fetal intrauterine demise. The fetus showed external ambiguous genitalia, imperforate anus, bilateral dysplastic kidneys, and hydrometrocolpos secondary to atresia of the vagina. The placental weight was 1,450g (normal for gestational age: 415g). The placenta showed diffuse chorangiomatosis (CM) characterized by multifocal stem villi enlargement containing increased number of small vessels with alpha-smooth muscle actin positive cells in the walls in a dense reticulin fibers-rich stroma. The combination of LCOH and placentomegaly due to CM appears to be unique. PMID:16175750

Saltzman, Mario; Drut, Mónica; Drut, Ricardo

2005-01-01

444

Mandible condylar hyperplasia: a review of diagnosis and treatment protocol  

PubMed Central

Condylar hyperplasia (CH) is a bone disease characterized by the increased development of one mandibular condyle. It regularly presents as an active growth with facial asymmetry generally without pain. Statistically it affects more women in adolescence, although it does not discriminate by age or gender. Its best-known consequence is asymmetric facial deformity (AFD), which combined with alteration of the dental occlusion with unilateral crossbite or open bite. It is not known when CH begins and how long it lasts; diagnostic examinations are described and are efficient in some research about diagnosis. Protocol treatment is not well studie and depends on the criteria described in this paper. The aim of this research is to provide up-to-date information about the diagnosis of this disease and to analyze the treatment protocol, visualizing the CH and AFD presented.

Olate, Sergio; Netto, Henrique Duque; Rodriguez-Chessa, Jaime; Alister, Juan Pablo; de Albergaria-Barbosa, Jose; de Moraes, Marcio

2013-01-01

445

Nerve hyperplasia: a unique feature of ketamine cystitis  

PubMed Central

Background There is an emerging association between ketamine abuse and the development of urological symptoms including dysuria, frequency and urgency, which have a neurological component. In addition, extreme cases are associated with severe unresolving bladder pain in conjunction with a thickened, contracted bladder and an ulcerated/absent urothelium. Here we report on unusual neuropathological features seen by immunohistology in ketamine cystitis. Results In all cases, the lamina propria was replete with fine neurofilament protein (NFP+) nerve fibres and in most patients (20/21), there was prominent peripheral nerve fascicle hyperplasia that showed particular resemblance to Morton’s neuroma. The nerve fascicles, which were positive for NFP, S100 and the p75 low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), were generally associated with a well-developed and in places, prominent, epithelial membrane antigen+/NGFR+ perineurium. This peripheral nerve fascicle hyperplasia is likely to account for the extreme pain experienced by ketamine cystitis patients. Urothelial damage was a notable feature of all ketamine cystitis specimens and where urothelium remained, increased NGFR expression was observed, with expansion from a basal-restricted normal pattern of expression into the suprabasal urothelium. Conclusions The histological findings were distinguishing features of ketamine cystitis and were not present in other painful bladder conditions. Ketamine cystitis afflicts predominantly young patients, with unknown long-term consequences, and requires a strategy to control severe bladder pain in order to remove a dependency on the causative agent. Our study indicates that the development of pain in ketamine cystitis is mediated through a specific neurogenic mechanism that may also implicate the urothelium.

2013-01-01

446

Serenoa repens extract in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.  

PubMed

We are experiencing a revival of interest in phytotherapeutic agents, both in Europe and North America, especially as a consequence of patients' dissatisfaction with the adverse effects of the medical alternatives. One of the most frequently prescribed and studied such agents is Serenoa repens extract, derived from the berry of the dwarf palm tree. We aimed to review the most important published data regarding this type of treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. A review of the existing articles regarding the use of Serenoa repens extracts for benign prostatic hyperplasia was performed. The articles were analysed with regard to their relevance, scientific value and the size of the evaluated series. Multiple mechanisms of action have been attributed to this extract, including antiandrogenic action, an anti-inflammatory/anti-oedematous effect, prolactin signal modulation, and an antiproliferative effect exerted through the inhibition of growth factors. Regarding efficacy, European Association of Urology guidelines state that Serenoa repens extracts significantly reduce nocturia in comparison with placebo. However, the guideline committee is unable to make specific recommendations about phytotherapy of male lower urinary tract symptoms owing to the heterogeneity of the products and the methodological problems associated with meta-analyses. Most of the published trials regarding Serenoa repens phytotherapy demonstrate a significant improvement of urinary status and a favourable safety profile. Also, some authors have credited it with giving a significant improvement in erectile function and decreasing complications following transurethral resection of the prostate, especially bleeding. The results of phytotherapy with Serenoa repens extracts are very promising. More high-quality, randomized, placebo-controlled studies are required in order to demonstrate without doubt the true therapeutic value of these products. Particular attention must be focused on differentiating between registered preparations, which are regulated as drugs, and those considered to be food supplements. PMID:21969849

Geavlete, Petrisor; Multescu, Razvan; Geavlete, Bogdan

2011-08-01

447

Serenoa repens extract in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

We are experiencing a revival of interest in phytotherapeutic agents, both in Europe and North America, especially as a consequence of patients’ dissatisfaction with the adverse effects of the medical alternatives. One of the most frequently prescribed and studied such agents is Serenoa repens extract, derived from the berry of the dwarf palm tree. We aimed to review the most important published data regarding this type of treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. A review of the existing articles regarding the use of Serenoa repens extracts for benign prostatic hyperplasia was performed. The articles were analysed with regard to their relevance, scientific value and the size of the evaluated series. Multiple mechanisms of action have been attributed to this extract, including antiandrogenic action, an anti-inflammatory/anti-oedematous effect, prolactin signal modulation, and an antiproliferative effect exerted through the inhibition of growth factors. Regarding efficacy, European Association of Urology guidelines state that Serenoa repens extracts significantly reduce nocturia in comparison with placebo. However, the guideline committee is unable to make specific recommendations about phytotherapy of male lower urinary tract symptoms owing to the heterogeneity of the products and the methodological problems associated with meta-analyses. Most of the published trials regarding Serenoa repens phytotherapy demonstrate a significant improvement of urinary status and a favourable safety profile. Also, some authors have credited it with giving a significant improvement in erectile function and decreasing complications following transurethral resection of the prostate, especially bleeding. The results of phytotherapy with Serenoa repens extracts are very promising. More high-quality, randomized, placebo-controlled studies are required in order to demonstrate without doubt the true therapeutic value of these products. Particular attention must be focused on differentiating between registered preparations, which are regulated as drugs, and those considered to be food supplements.

Geavlete, Petrisor; Multescu, Razvan; Geavlete, Bogdan

2011-01-01

448

Effect of Boerhaavia diffusa in experimental prostatic hyperplasia in rats  

PubMed Central

Objective: Present investigation was undertaken to study the effectiveness of hydroalcoholic extract of roots of Boerhaavia diffusa in experimental benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in rats using various animal models. Materials and Methods: BPH in rats was induced by subcutaneous injection of testosterone (5 mg/kg) daily for 28 days. Rats were divided in to five groups (six rats each). A negative control group received arachis oil (1 ml/kg s.c.) and four groups were injected testosterone. These four groups were further divided into reference group (finasteride 1 mg/kg), model group (testosterone), study group A (B. diffusa 100 mg/kg), and study group B (B. diffusa 250 mg/kg). On the 29th day, rats were sacrificed and body weight, prostate weight, bladder weight, and serum testosterone level were measured and histological studies were carried out. Further in vitro analysis of B. diffusa extract on contractility of isolated rat vas deferens and prostate gland, produced by exogenously administered agonists were carried out. All results were expressed as mean ± SEM. 0 Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey's test. Results: B. diffusa (100 mg/kg) treatment for 28 days resulted in significant inhibition of prostate growth (P < 0.05). Drug extract did not have significant change on serum testosterone level. Histopathological analysis of prostate gland supported above results. Results of in vitro experiment suggest that extracts had attenuated the contractile responses of isolated vas deferens and prostate gland to exogenously applied agonists. Conclusion: The results suggested that treatment with B. diffusa may improve symptoms of disease and inhibit the increased prostate size. In vitro study implies that herbal extracts has the machinery to produce beneficial effect on prostatic smooth muscle, which would relieve the urinary symptoms of disease. B. diffusa could be a potential source of new treatment of prostatic hyperplasia.

Vyas, Bhavin A.; Desai, Niket Y.; Patel, Paras K.; Joshi, Shrikant V.; Shah, Dinesh R.

2013-01-01

449

Orally administered nicotine induces urothelial hyperplasia in rats and mice.  

PubMed

Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for multiple human cancers including urinary bladder carcinoma. Tobacco smoke is a complex mixture containing chemicals that are known carcinogens in humans and/or animals. Aromatic amines a major class of DNA-reactive carcinogens in cigarette smoke, are not present at sufficiently high levels to fully explain the incidence of bladder cancer in cigarette smokers. Other agents in tobacco smoke could be excreted in urine and enhance the carcinogenic process by increasing urothelial cell proliferation. Nicotine is one such major component, as it has been shown to induce cell proliferation in multiple cell types in vitro. However, in vivo evidence specifically for the urothelium is lacking. We previously showed that cigarette smoke induces increased urothelial cell proliferation in mice. In the present study, urothelial proliferative and cytotoxic effects were examined after nicotine treatment in mice and rats. Nicotine hydrogen tartrate was administered in drinking water to rats (52 ppm nicotine) and mice (514 ppm nicotine) for 4 weeks and urothelial changes were evaluated. Histopathologically, 7/10 rats and 4/10 mice showed simple hyperplasia following nicotine treatment compared to none in the controls. Rats had an increased mean BrdU labeling index compared to controls, although it was not statistically significantly elevated in either species. Scanning electron microscopic visualization of the urothelium did not reveal significant cytotoxicity. These findings suggest that oral nicotine administration induced urothelial hyperplasia (increased cell proliferation), possibly due to a mitogenic effect of nicotine and/or its metabolites. PMID:24269753

Dodmane, Puttappa R; Arnold, Lora L; Pennington, Karen L; Cohen, Samuel M

2014-01-01

450

Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumors in a Patient with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia refers to a group of autosomal recessive disorders caused by