Science.gov

Sample records for reimbursement incentive

  1. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  2. 48 CFR 216.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 216.405 Section 216.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 216.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  3. 48 CFR 1316.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 1316.405 Section 1316.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1316.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  4. 48 CFR 416.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 416.405 Section 416.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 416.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  5. 48 CFR 1816.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 1816.405 Section 1816.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1816.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts....

  6. 48 CFR 16.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 16.405 Section 16.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405 Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. See 16.301 for requirements applicable to all cost-reimbursement...

  7. 48 CFR 216.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 216.405 Section 216.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS...

  8. 48 CFR 216.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 216.405 Section 216.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS...

  9. 48 CFR 216.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 216.405 Section 216.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS...

  10. 48 CFR 216.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 216.405 Section 216.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS...

  11. Survey-based Indices for Nursing Home Quality Incentive Reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    Willemain, Thomas R.

    1983-01-01

    Incentive payments are a theoretically appealing complement to nursing home quality assurance systems that rely on regulatory enforcement. However, the practical aspects of incentive program design are not yet well understood. After reviewing the rationale for incentive approaches and recent State and. Federal initiatives, the article considers a basic program design issue: creating an index of nursing home quality. It focuses on indices constructed from routine licensure and certification survey results because State initiatives have relied heavily on these readily accessible data. It also suggests a procedure for creating a survey-based index and discusses a sampling of Implementation issues. PMID:10309858

  12. Incentives for cooperation in quality improvement among hospitals--the impact of the reimbursement system.

    PubMed

    Kesteloot, K; Voet, N

    1998-12-01

    Up to now, few analytical models have studied the incentives for cooperation in quality improvements among hospitals. Only those dealing with reimbursement systems have shown that, from the point of view of individual or competing hospitals, retrospective reimbursement is more likely to encourage quality improvements than prospective financing, while the reverse holds for efficiency improvements. This paper studies the incentives to improve the quality of hospital care, in an analytical model, taking into account the possibility of cooperative agreements, price besides non-price (quality) competition and quality improvements that may simultaneously increase demand, increase or reduce costs and spill over to rival hospitals. In this setting quality improvement efforts rise with the rate of prospective reimbursement, while the impact of the rate of retrospective reimbursement is ambiguous, but likely to be negative for quality improvements that are highly cost-reducting and create large spillovers. Cooperation may lead to more or less quality improvement than non-cooperative conduct, depending on the magnitude of spillovers and the degree of product market competition, relative to the net effect of quality on profits and the share of costs that is reimbursed retrospectively. Finally, the stability of cooperative agreements, supported by grim trigger strategies, is shown to depend upon exactly the opposite interaction between these factors. PMID:10339249

  13. Nursing home performance under case-mix reimbursement: responding to heavy-care incentives and market changes.

    PubMed Central

    Davis, M A; Freeman, J W; Kirby, E C

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of case mix-adjusted reimbursement policy and market factors on nursing home performance. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Data from Medicaid certification inspection surveys, Medicaid cost reports, and the Kentucky State Center for Health Statistics for the years 1989 and 1991, to examine changes in nursing home performance stemming from the adoption of case mix-adjusted reimbursement in 1990. STUDY DESIGN: In addition to cross-sectional regressions, a first-difference approach to fixed-effects regression analyses was employed to control for facility differences that were essentially fixed during the survey years and to estimate the effects of time-varying predictors on changes in facility expenditures, efficiency, and profitability. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Facilities that increased the proportion of Medicaid residents and eliminated excess capacity experienced higher profitability gains during the beginning phase of case-mix reimbursement. Having a heavy-care resident population was positively related to expenditures prior to reimbursement reform, and it was negatively related to expenditures after the case-mix reimbursement policy was introduced. While facility-level changes in case mix had no reliable influence on costs or profits, nursing homes showing an increased prevalence of poor-quality nursing practices exhibited increases in efficiency and profitability. At the market level, reductions in excess or empty nursing home beds were accompanied by a significant growth in home health services. Moreover, nursing homes located in markets with expanding home health services exhibited higher increases in costs per case-mix unit. CONCLUSIONS: Characteristics of the reimbursement system appear to reward a cost minimization orientation with potentially detrimental effects on quality of care. These effects, exacerbated by a supply-constrained market, may be mitigated by policies that encourage the expansion of home health service

  14. Insurance Incentives for Health Promotion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosokawa, Michael C.

    1984-01-01

    To reduce the cost of reimbursements, many insurance companies have begun to use insurance incentives as a way to motivate individuals to participate in health promotion activities. Traditional health education, research and demonstration, and policy-premium incentives are methods of health promotion used by life and health insurance companies.…

  15. Stratified Medicine and Reimbursement Issues

    PubMed Central

    Fugel, Hans-Joerg; Nuijten, Mark; Postma, Maarten

    2012-01-01

    Stratified Medicine (SM) has the potential to target patient populations who will most benefit from a therapy while reducing unnecessary health interventions associated with side effects. The link between clinical biomarkers/diagnostics and therapies provides new opportunities for value creation to strengthen the value proposition to pricing and reimbursement (P&R) authorities. However, the introduction of SM challenges current reimbursement schemes in many EU countries and the US as different P&R policies have been adopted for drugs and diagnostics. Also, there is a lack of a consistent process for value assessment of more complex diagnostics in these markets. New, innovative approaches and more flexible P&R systems are needed to reflect the added value of diagnostic tests and to stimulate investments in new technologies. Yet, the framework for access of diagnostic-based therapies still requires further development while setting the right incentives and appropriate align stakeholders interests when realizing long-term patient benefits. This article addresses the reimbursement challenges of SM approaches in several EU countries and the US outlining some options to overcome existing reimbursement barriers for stratified medicine. PMID:23087645

  16. 48 CFR 16.304 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.304 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. A cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that...

  17. 48 CFR 16.304 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.304 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. A cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that...

  18. 48 CFR 16.304 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.304 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. A cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that...

  19. 48 CFR 16.304 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.304 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. A cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that...

  20. 48 CFR 16.304 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.304 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. A cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that...

  1. Vertical integration and optimal reimbursement policy

    PubMed Central

    Afendulis, Christopher C.

    2011-01-01

    Health care providers may vertically integrate not only to facilitate coordination of care, but also for strategic reasons that may not be in patients’ best interests. Optimal Medicare reimbursement policy depends upon the extent to which each of these explanations is correct. To investigate, we compare the consequences of the 1997 adoption of prospective payment for skilled nursing facilities (SNF PPS) in geographic areas with high versus low levels of hospital/SNF integration. We find that SNF PPS decreased spending more in high integration areas, with no measurable consequences for patient health outcomes. Our findings suggest that integrated providers should face higher-powered reimbursement incentives, i.e., less cost-sharing. More generally, we conclude that purchasers of health services (and other services subject to agency problems) should consider the organizational form of their suppliers when choosing a reimbursement mechanism. PMID:21850551

  2. Changing the rules of the reimbursement game.

    PubMed

    Curtiss, F R

    1982-11-01

    Recently enacted federal and state legislation reflect a gradual transition from cost-based reimbursement to rate-based reimbursement for hospital services; the implications of this trend for hospital pharmacists are discussed. Under "The Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982," Medicare hospital reimbursement is limited based on total hospital costs, effective for the 1983 fiscal reporting period. In addition, a target limit of costs for each hospital will be computed and hospitals will have positive and negative incentives to keep costs below this amount. These reimbursement changes calculate limits on the basis of costs per case, not costs incurred. These changes increasingly require hospitals to share in the risk of expenditures attributed to use of services. For hospital pharmacists, this means that the focus is changing from maximizing revenue from drug products to controlling unnecessary use and reducing departmental expense. Clinical pharmacy services will survive only if they are shown to be cost effective. Hospital pharmacists cannot afford to ignore the changing patterns of reimbursement; the consequences of unpreparedness and inaction may be decreased budgets and the relegation of hospital pharmacy practice to assembly-line economics. PMID:7148872

  3. 48 CFR 16.405-1 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405-1 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. (a) Description. The cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract...

  4. 48 CFR 16.405-1 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405-1 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. (a) Description. The cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract...

  5. 48 CFR 16.405-1 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405-1 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. (a) Description. The cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract...

  6. 48 CFR 16.405-1 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405-1 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. (a) Description. The cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract...

  7. 48 CFR 16.405-1 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405-1 Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts. (a) Description. The cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract...

  8. [Reimbursement questions in telemedicine].

    PubMed

    Weichmann, H

    2001-10-01

    Taking professional law and rumuneration relevance into account physician services that are based on tele-medicine are not reimbursed in Germany. Both the medical fee schedule for private services and the medical fee schedule for statutory health insurance services do not allow reimbursement of tele-medicine, with the exception of simple consultation via phone. PMID:11688221

  9. Massachusetts law gives hospitals energy incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Cohn, L.

    1982-08-30

    A new law allowing hospitals to retain the difference between pre-paid insurer's rates over actual costs reverses a cost-cutting disincentive into a financial incentive for the Massachusetts General Hospital and the American Hospital Association. If hospital costs exceed the insurer's preset reimbursements, however, hospitals must make up the difference. The new law creates incentives for energy management and could serve as a model for other states if it proves effective. The federal government may apply the concept to the Medicare-Medicaid reimbursement formula. (DCK)

  10. 48 CFR 49.115 - Settlement of terminated incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. (a) Fixed-price incentive contracts. The TCO shall settle terminated fixed-price...) Partial termination. Under a partially terminated contract, the TCO shall negotiate a settlement as... the settlement proposal. The TCO shall reimburse the contractor at target price for completed...

  11. Pay for performance: quality- and value-based reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Harbaugh, Norman Chip

    2009-08-01

    There is urgent need to reform health care reimbursement models, including physician compensation, to address high health care costs, despite numerous quality initiatives. Pay for performance (P4P) is a model that attempts to align financial incentives with better outcomes and value rather than the current system of rewarding volume and intensity of care delivered. P4P has been implemented in other countries besides the United States and is perhaps most advanced in the United Kingdom. Measurement for P4P is evolving, as are the types of incentives; neither is perfect at this time. For P4P to succeed, all health care stakeholders will need to collaborate. PMID:19660642

  12. 7 CFR 1485.18 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... required to use CCC's Internet-based UES system to request reimbursement for eligible MAP expenses. Claims... reimbursed; (7) If applicable, any reduction in the amount of reimbursement claimed to offset CCC demand for... reimbursement shall be submitted by the MAP Participant's U.S. office to CCC. (c) CCC will not reimburse a...

  13. Incentives for organ donation: some ethical issues.

    PubMed

    Sells, Robert

    2004-01-01

    Objections to commerce in organs has not stopped the spread of such practice around the world. In most countries the gap between supply and demand for organs continues to increase. Kidneys from living donors are considered a valuable addition to the donor pool, and in a more acquisitive world, donor incentives are becoming thinkable, even acceptable. Current incentives for cadaver and living organ donation are reviewed from ethical and legal perspectives. A new principle of reimbursement for the living donor's risk and pain is defined and presented for debate. PMID:15478883

  14. 48 CFR 1552.211-73 - Level of effort-cost-reimbursement term contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... contracts without fee, cost-sharing contracts, cost-plus-fixed-fee (CPFF) contracts, cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts (CPIF), and cost-plus-award-fee contracts (CPAF). Level of Effort—Cost-Reimbursement Term Contract... additional effort shall not result in any increase in the fixed fee, if any. If this is a...

  15. 48 CFR 1552.211-73 - Level of effort-cost-reimbursement term contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... contracts without fee, cost-sharing contracts, cost-plus-fixed-fee (CPFF) contracts, cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts (CPIF), and cost-plus-award-fee contracts (CPAF). Level of Effort—Cost-Reimbursement Term Contract... additional effort shall not result in any increase in the fixed fee, if any. If this is a...

  16. A simple methodology to finance public health initiatives: reimbursement for tuberculosis directly observed therapy services in New York State.

    PubMed

    Klein, S J; Laufer, F N

    1995-01-01

    New York State (NYS) used Medicaid reimbursement to create incentives for health care providers to offer directly observed therapy (DOT) services for active tuberculosis (TB) disease. This resulted in proliferation of 26 new TB DOT providers and expanded capacity for the New York City (NYC). Department of Health. As a result, over 1,200 individuals now receive DOT in NYC. The reimbursement methodology was also used for other NYS public health initiatives. It is applicable for public health initiatives elsewhere. PMID:10186645

  17. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.11 Reimbursable costs. (a) Costs for which a licensee may...

  18. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.11 Reimbursable costs. (a) Costs for which a licensee may...

  19. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.11 Reimbursable costs. (a) Costs for which a licensee may...

  20. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.11 Reimbursable costs. (a) Costs for which a licensee may...

  1. 7 CFR 1485.18 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... required to use CCC's Internet-based UES system to request reimbursement for eligible MAP expenses. Claims... reimbursement shall be submitted by the MAP Participant's U.S. office to CCC. (c) CCC will not reimburse a claim for less than $10,000, except that CCC will reimburse a final claim for a MAP Participant's...

  2. Using Incentives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seymour, Kathryn

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the ethical implications of using incentives to encourage and recognise youth participation in research. While the complexity of research projects and the diversity of research subjects necessarily preclude simple solutions, the author argues that social research can successfully and ethically use a mix of extrinsic and…

  3. 23 CFR 140.807 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.807 Section 140.807 Highways... Highway Agency Audit Expense § 140.807 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may be used to reimburse an SHA for the following types of project related audit costs: (1) Salaries, wages, and related...

  4. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for... shall be escalated in accordance with the Shuttle policy. (c) Customers shall reimburse NASA an...

  5. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for... shall be escalated in accordance with the Shuttle policy. (c) Customers shall reimburse NASA an...

  6. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for... shall be escalated in accordance with the Shuttle policy. (c) Customers shall reimburse NASA an...

  7. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for... shall be escalated in accordance with the Shuttle policy. (c) Customers shall reimburse NASA an...

  8. Reimbursement for critical care services in India

    PubMed Central

    Jayaram, Raja; Ramakrishnan, Nagarajan

    2013-01-01

    There are significant variations in critical care practices, costs, and reimbursements in various countries. Of note, there is a paucity of reliable information on remuneration and reimbursement models for intensivists in India. This review article aims to analyze the existing reimbursement models in United States and United Kingdom and propose a frame-work model that may be applicable in India. PMID:23833469

  9. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement payments. 215.8 Section 215.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement...

  10. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a... pricing milk program in the same school or child care institution, may elect to claim reimbursement for... by FNS, the Claim for Reimbursement for any month shall include only milk served in that month...

  11. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement per half-pint of milk purchased and (i) served in nonpricing programs... or child care institution. (2) The rate of reimbursement for milk purchased and served free to...

  12. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement payments. 215.8 Section 215.8 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement...

  13. TRICARE reimbursement revisions. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2012-06-27

    This final rule provides several necessary revisions to the regulation in order for TRICARE to be consistent with Medicare. These revisions affect: Hospice periods of care; reimbursement of physician assistants and assistant-at-surgery claims; and diagnosis-related group values, removing references to specific numeric diagnosis-related group values and replacing them with their narrative description. PMID:22737760

  14. Incentive models to increase living kidney donation: encouraging without coercing.

    PubMed

    Israni, Ajay K; Halpern, Scott D; Zink, Sheldon; Sidhwani, Sonal A; Caplan, Arthur

    2005-01-01

    Kidney transplantation is a superior treatment strategy than chronic dialysis for end-stage renal disease patients. However, there is a severe shortage of cadaveric kidneys that are available for transplantation. Therefore many patients are turning to living donors. We describe four models of incentives to improve rates of living kidney donation: the market compensation model, the fixed compensation model, no-compensation model and the expense reimbursement model. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each of these models. Any incentive to improve rates of living kidney donation must be accompanied by safeguards. These safeguards will prevent living donors from being viewed primarily as a resource for transplants. These safeguards will also prevent vulnerable individuals from being coerced into donation and will monitor long-term outcomes of donors using a donor registry. We recommend the use of the expense reimbursement model along with these safeguards, in order to increase rates of living kidney donation. PMID:15636607

  15. Administrative and policy issues in reimbursement for nursing home capital investment.

    PubMed

    Boerstler, H; Carlough, T; Schlenker, R E

    1991-01-01

    The way in which states reimburse for nursing home capital costs can create incentives for nursing home owners to use the home primarily as a vehicle for real estate speculation, with potentially adverse consequences for patient care. In order to help promote and control the stability, adequacy, and quality of capital investment in long-term care, an increasing number of states are using a fair-rental approach for calculating capital reimbursement. In this article we compare the fair-rental approach with traditional cost-based capital reimbursement in terms of administration and policy. We discuss issues of concern to the state (cost and reimbursement design options) and the investor (after-tax cash flows, rate of return, etc.). Our analysis suggests that fair-rental systems may be superior to traditional cost-based reimbursement in promoting and controlling industry stability, while at the same time providing an adequate return to investors, without incurring long-term increases in the costs of administering programs. PMID:1761827

  16. Reimbursement for Continuous Glucose Monitoring

    PubMed Central

    DeVries, J. Hans

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems have been available for more than 15 years by now. However, market uptake is relatively low in most countries; in other words, relatively few patients with diabetes use CGM systems regularly. One major reason for the reluctance of patients to use CGM systems is the costs associated (i.e., in most countries no reimbursement is provided by the health insurance companies). In case reimbursement is in place, like in the United States, only certain patient groups get reimbursement that fulfills strict indications. This situation is somewhat surprising in view of the mounting evidence for benefits of CGM usage from clinical trials: most meta-analyses of these trials consistently show a clinically relevant improvement of glucose control associated with a reduction in hypoglycemic events. More recent trials with CGM systems with an improved CGM technology showed even more impressive benefits, especially if CGM systems are used in different combinations with an insulin pump (e.g., with automated bolus calculators and low glucose suspend features). Nevertheless, sufficient evidence is not available for all patient groups, and more data on cost–efficacy are needed. In addition, good data from real-world studies/registers documenting the benefits of CGM usage under daily life conditions would be of help to convince healthcare systems to cover the costs of CGM systems. In view of the ongoing improvements in established needle-type CGM systems, the fact that new CGM technology will come to the market soon (e.g., implantable sensors), that CGM-like systems are quite successfully at least in certain markets (like the flash glucose monitoring systems), and that the first artificial pancreas systems will come to the market in the next few years, there is a need to make sure that this major improvement in diabetes therapy becomes more widely available for patients with diabetes, for which better reimbursement is essential. PMID

  17. Reimbursement for Continuous Glucose Monitoring.

    PubMed

    Heinemann, Lutz; DeVries, J Hans

    2016-02-01

    Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems have been available for more than 15 years by now. However, market uptake is relatively low in most countries; in other words, relatively few patients with diabetes use CGM systems regularly. One major reason for the reluctance of patients to use CGM systems is the costs associated (i.e., in most countries no reimbursement is provided by the health insurance companies). In case reimbursement is in place, like in the United States, only certain patient groups get reimbursement that fulfills strict indications. This situation is somewhat surprising in view of the mounting evidence for benefits of CGM usage from clinical trials: most meta-analyses of these trials consistently show a clinically relevant improvement of glucose control associated with a reduction in hypoglycemic events. More recent trials with CGM systems with an improved CGM technology showed even more impressive benefits, especially if CGM systems are used in different combinations with an insulin pump (e.g., with automated bolus calculators and low glucose suspend features). Nevertheless, sufficient evidence is not available for all patient groups, and more data on cost-efficacy are needed. In addition, good data from real-world studies/registers documenting the benefits of CGM usage under daily life conditions would be of help to convince healthcare systems to cover the costs of CGM systems. In view of the ongoing improvements in established needle-type CGM systems, the fact that new CGM technology will come to the market soon (e.g., implantable sensors), that CGM-like systems are quite successfully at least in certain markets (like the flash glucose monitoring systems), and that the first artificial pancreas systems will come to the market in the next few years, there is a need to make sure that this major improvement in diabetes therapy becomes more widely available for patients with diabetes, for which better reimbursement is essential. PMID:26784130

  18. Covering and Reimbursing Telehealth Services.

    PubMed

    Blackman, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Policymakers who are striving to achieve better health care, improved health outcomes and lower costs are considering new strategies and technologies. Telehealth is a tool that uses technology to provide health services remotely, and state leaders are looking to it now more than ever as a way to address workforce gaps and reach underserved patients. Among the challenges facing state lawmakers who are working to introduce or expand telehealth is how to handle covering patients and reimbursing providers. PMID:27032126

  19. Evolving telehealth reimbursement in Australia.

    PubMed

    Bursell, S-E; Zang, S; Keech, A C; Jenkins, A J

    2016-08-01

    Video-based consultation is the only telehealth service reimbursed by the Medicare Benefits Schedule in Australia, but the uptake of telehealth is still low and inconsistent. There is a clear need for the development of appropriate medical evidence to support implementation of telehealth services. With the ubiquitous use of mobile phones, mobile health becomes important in facilitating health services and impacting clinical outcomes anywhere. PMID:27553999

  20. 7 CFR 1485.17 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN MARKETS FOR AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Market Access Program § 1485.17 Reimbursement procedures....

  1. 48 CFR 719.273-3 - Incentives for prime contractor participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Development (USAID) Mentor-Protégé Program 719.273-3 Incentives for prime contractor participation. (a... provides additional guidance. (b) Costs incurred by a Mentor to provide developmental assistance, as... reimbursable as a direct cost under a USAID contract. If USAID is the mentor's responsible audit agency...

  2. 48 CFR 719.273-3 - Incentives for prime contractor participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Development (USAID) Mentor-Protégé Program 719.273-3 Incentives for prime contractor participation. (a... provides additional guidance. (b) Costs incurred by a Mentor to provide developmental assistance, as... reimbursable as a direct cost under a USAID contract. If USAID is the mentor's responsible audit agency...

  3. 48 CFR 719.273-3 - Incentives for prime contractor participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Development (USAID) Mentor-Protégé Program 719.273-3 Incentives for prime contractor participation. (a... provides additional guidance. (b) Costs incurred by a Mentor to provide developmental assistance, as... reimbursable as a direct cost under a USAID contract. If USAID is the mentor's responsible audit agency...

  4. 48 CFR 719.273-3 - Incentives for prime contractor participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Development (USAID) Mentor-Protégé Program 719.273-3 Incentives for prime contractor participation. (a... provides additional guidance. (b) Costs incurred by a Mentor to provide developmental assistance, as... reimbursable as a direct cost under a USAID contract. If USAID is the mentor's responsible audit agency...

  5. 48 CFR 719.273-3 - Incentives for prime contractor participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Development (USAID) Mentor-Protégé Program 719.273-3 Incentives for prime contractor participation. (a... provides additional guidance. (b) Costs incurred by a Mentor to provide developmental assistance, as... reimbursable as a direct cost under a USAID contract. If USAID is the mentor's responsible audit agency...

  6. What explains DRG upcoding in neonatology? The roles of financial incentives and infant health.

    PubMed

    Jürges, Hendrik; Köberlein, Juliane

    2015-09-01

    We use the introduction of diagnosis related groups (DRGs) in German neonatology to study the determinants of upcoding. Since 2003, reimbursement is based inter alia on birth weight, with substantial discontinuities at eight thresholds. These discontinuities create incentives to upcode preterm infants into classes of lower birth weight. Using data from the German birth statistics 1996-2010 and German hospital data from 2006 to 2011, we show that (1) since the introduction of DRGs, hospitals have upcoded at least 12,000 preterm infants and gained additional reimbursement in excess of 100 million Euro; (2) upcoding rates are systematically higher at thresholds with larger reimbursement hikes and in hospitals that subsequently treat preterm infants, i.e. where the gains accrue; (3) upcoding is systematically linked with newborn health conditional on birth weight. Doctors and midwives respond to financial incentives by not upcoding newborns with low survival probabilities, and by upcoding infants with higher expected treatment costs. PMID:26114589

  7. Using an incentive spirometer

    MedlinePlus

    ... Jr P, Módolo NSP, Andrade S, et al. Incentive spirometry for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications in upper ... RD, Wettstein R, Wittnebel L, et al. Incentive spirometry: 2011. Respir Care . 2011;56(10):1600-4. ...

  8. Impact of Medicaid Reimbursement on Mental Health Quality Indicators

    PubMed Central

    Bellows, Nicole M; Halpin, Helen A

    2008-01-01

    Objective To examine the relationship between the use of the Minimum Data Set (MDS) for determining Medicaid reimbursement to nursing facilities and the MDS Quality Indicators examining nursing facility residents' mental health. Data Sources The 2004 National MDS facility Quality Indicator reports served as the dependent variables. Explanatory variables were based on the 2004 Online Survey Certification and Reporting system (OSCAR) and an examination of existing reports, a review of the State Medicaid Plans, and State Medicaid personnel. Study Design Multilevel regression models were used to account for the hierarchical structure of the data. Data Collection MDS and OSCAR data were linked by facility identifiers and subsequently linked with state-level variables. Principal Findings The use of the MDS for determining Medicaid reimbursement was associated with higher (poorer) quality indicator values for all four mental health quality indicators examined. This effect was not found in four comparison quality indicators. Conclusions The findings indicate that documentation of mental health symptoms may be influenced by economic incentives. Policy makers should be cautioned from using these measures as the basis for decision making, such as with pay-for-performance initiatives. PMID:18370968

  9. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section 37.46... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... actual costs incurred, including, but not limited to, its direct costs and indirect costs as...

  10. 23 CFR 140.505 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.505 Section 140.505 Highways... Administrative Settlement Costs-Contract Claims § 140.505 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may participate in administrative settlement costs which are: (1) Incurred after notice of claim, (2)...

  11. 14 CFR 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... a space-available basis during both phases of Shuttle operation. The price for this service will be... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.202 Section 1214.202 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement...

  12. 14 CFR 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... a space-available basis during both phases of Shuttle operation. The price for this service will be... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.202 Section 1214.202 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement...

  13. 14 CFR 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... a space-available basis during both phases of Shuttle operation. The price for this service will be... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.202 Section 1214.202 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement...

  14. 14 CFR 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... a space-available basis during both phases of Shuttle operation. The price for this service will be... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Reimbursement policy. 1214.202 Section 1214.202 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement...

  15. DENTAL REIMBURSEMENT PROGRAM (DPR) - HIV/AIDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Dental Reimbursement Program (DPR) under Part F of the Ryan White CARE Act is intended to help accredited dental schools and post-doctoral dental education program cover their non-reimbursed costs of providing oral health care to individuals with HIV.

  16. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) To be entitled to reimbursement under this part, each School Food Authority shall submit to the State... reimbursement. (f) Any School Food Authority or child care institution which operates both a nonpricing and... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  17. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement procedures. 215.10 Section 215.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be entitled to...

  18. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) To be entitled to reimbursement under this part, each School Food Authority shall submit to the State... reimbursement. (f) Any School Food Authority or child care institution which operates both a nonpricing and... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...

  19. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement procedures. 215.10 Section 215.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be entitled to...

  20. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  1. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... PROVIDING FINANCIAL RECORDS; RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN FINANCIAL RECORDS (REGULATION S) Reimbursement to Financial Institutions for Providing Financial Records § 219.3 Cost reimbursement. (a) Fees... financial records pertaining to a customer, by written request, through: (i) A court order; (ii) A...

  2. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... PROVIDING FINANCIAL RECORDS; RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN FINANCIAL RECORDS (REGULATION S) Reimbursement to Financial Institutions for Providing Financial Records § 219.3 Cost reimbursement. (a) Fees... financial records pertaining to a customer, by written request, through: (i) A court order; (ii) A...

  3. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... PROVIDING FINANCIAL RECORDS; RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN FINANCIAL RECORDS (REGULATION S) Reimbursement to Financial Institutions for Providing Financial Records § 219.3 Cost reimbursement. (a) Fees... financial records pertaining to a customer, by written request, through: (i) A court order; (ii) A...

  4. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  5. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  6. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  7. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  8. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  9. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  10. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  11. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  12. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  13. The challenges of CT colonography reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Dachman, Abraham H; Yee, Judy

    2013-12-01

    CT colonography has been shown to be an effective method to screen for colorectal cancer. However, at present, full endorsement and reimbursement for screening CT colonography, particularly by the US Preventive Services Task Force and CMS, respectively, are absent, so this screening option is infrequently used, and optical colonoscopy remains the de facto standard screening option. The authors summarize the past accomplishments that led to the current state of reimbursement and outline the remaining challenges and road to full acceptance and reimbursement of screening CT colonography nationally. PMID:24295944

  14. 47 CFR 27.1239 - Reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement obligation. 27.1239 Section 27.1239 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband...

  15. 47 CFR 27.1239 - Reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement obligation. 27.1239 Section 27.1239 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband...

  16. 47 CFR 27.1239 - Reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement obligation. 27.1239 Section 27.1239 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband...

  17. 47 CFR 27.1239 - Reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement obligation. 27.1239 Section 27.1239 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband...

  18. 47 CFR 27.1239 - Reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement obligation. 27.1239 Section 27.1239 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband...

  19. Perceptions of Reimbursement for Clinical Trial Participation

    PubMed Central

    Breitkopf, Carmen Radecki; Loza, Melissa; Vincent, Kathleen; Moench, Thomas; Stanberry, Lawrence R.; Rosenthal, Susan L.

    2012-01-01

    A greater understanding of participant views regarding reimbursement will help investigators plan studies that have better potential for reaching target enrollment, maximize efficient recruitment, maintain scientific integrity, and enhance retention over time. As part of a clinical trial in the area of sexual health, healthy women’s perceptions of reimbursement for research participation were investigated. Semi-structured, audio-recorded, qualitative interviews were conducted immediately upon women’s completion of the clinical trial to enable a participant-driven understanding of perceptions about monetary reimbursement. Audio-recordings were transcribed and analyzed using framework analysis. Women (N = 30) had a mean age of 29.5 ± 5.7 years (range 22–45 years). Sixty-three percent of participants (n = 19) were non-Hispanic (white n = 13, black n = 4, and Asian n = 2), while the remaining were Hispanic (n = 11). Seventy-three percent (n = 22) reported previous participation in research. In general, women viewed reimbursement as a benefit to research participation, the amount of which should reflect time, the inconvenience to the research subject, and the potential for unknown risks in the short- and long-term. They believed reimbursement should take into account the degree of risk of the study, with investigations of experimental products offering greater reimbursement. Women believed that monetary reimbursement is unlikely to coerce an individual to volunteer for a study involving procedures or requirements that they found unacceptable. The results of this study can be used to provide guidance to those planning and evaluating reimbursement for research participation. PMID:21931235

  20. [Companion diagnostics and reimbursement system].

    PubMed

    Tazawa, Yoshiaki

    2013-05-01

    Recently, Companion Diagnostics (CoDx) have been gaining importance to promote personalized medicine in order to improve the safety and cost effectiveness of therapy. In July 2011, the FDA published draft guidance for the development of CoDx, which recommends the co-development of CoDx and new drugs as the best practice, and then the FDA approved vemurafenib and the BRAF-V600-E gene mutation assay simultaneously as a typical example of the co-development of a new drug and its CoDx. Considering medical needs for multiple biomarker assays to select the right assay from various therapeutic candidates, more complicated assay technologies such as DNA sequencing will be required for CoDx in the near future. However, since it is quite difficult to standardize the validation process and manage test quality under the current regulatory criteria of in-vitro diagnostics using advanced and/or complicated assay technologies, the clinical use of laboratory-developed tests (LDT) should be recommended in order to avoid biomarker test lag. On the other hand, the current reimbursement system is not always suitable to assess the clinical and technological value of CoDx and it should be revised to encourage the development of CoDx. Although Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is a potential method to assess the value of CoDx, it is not easy to define appropriate indicators for CoDx because its clinical utility and cost effectiveness are completely dependent on the performance and value of available therapy. It is also suggested that the price and/or insurance rate of CoDx should be included in the price of the drug; however, there is no good solution to how to pay for CoDx with negative results for all therapies. It is said that the concept of personalized medicine with advanced technologies is a destructive innovation that could markedly change the current structure and system of medications; therefore, it is essential to create a quite new regulatory and reimbursement system to

  1. Medicaid Capital Reimbursement Policy and Environmental Artifacts of Nursing Home Culture Change

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Susan C.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: To examine how Medicaid capital reimbursement policy is associated with nursing homes (NHs) having high proportions of private rooms and small households. Design and Methods: Through a 2009/2010 NH national survey, we identified NHs having small households and high proportions of private rooms (≥76%). A survey of state Medicaid officials and policy document review provided 2009 policy data. Facility- and county-level covariates were from Online Survey, Certification and Reporting, the Area Resource File, and aggregated resident assessment data (minimum data set). The policy of interest was the presence of traditional versus fair rental capital reimbursement policy. Average Medicaid per diem rates and the presence of NH pay-for-performance (p4p) reimbursement were also examined. A total of 1,665 NHs in 40 states were included. Multivariate logistic regression analyses (with clustering on states) were used. Results: In multivariate models, Medicaid capital reimbursement policy was not significantly associated with either outcome. However, there was a significantly greater likelihood of NHs having many private rooms when states had higher Medicaid rates (per $10 increment; adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.13; 95% CI 1.049, 1.228), and in states with versus without p4p (AOR 1.78; 95% CI 1.045, 3.036). Also, in states with p4p NHs had a greater likelihood of having small households (AOR 1.78; 95% CI 1.045, 3.0636). Implications: Higher NH Medicaid rates and reimbursement incentives may contribute to a higher presence of 2 important environmental artifacts of culture change—an abundance of private rooms and small households. However, longitudinal research examining policy change is needed to establish the cause and effect of the associations observed. PMID:24443609

  2. Photovoltaic Incentive Design Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Hoff, T. E.

    2006-12-01

    Investments in customer-owned grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) energy systems are growing at a steady pace. This is due, in part, to the availability of attractive economic incentives offered by public state agencies and utilities. In the United States, these incentives have largely been upfront lump payments tied to the system capacity rating. While capacity-based ''buydowns'' have stimulated the domestic PV market, they have been criticized for subsidizing systems with potentially poor energy performance. As a result, the industry has been forced to consider alternative incentive structures, particularly ones that pay based on long-term measured performance. The industry, however, lacks consensus in the debate over the tradeoffs between upfront incentive payments versus longer-term payments for energy delivery. This handbook is designed for agencies and utilities that offer or intend to offer incentive programs for customer-owned PV systems. Its purpose is to help select, design, and implement incentive programs that best meet programmatic goals. The handbook begins with a discussion of the various available incentive structures and then provides qualitative and quantitative tools necessary to design the most appropriate incentive structure. It concludes with program administration considerations.

  3. Incentives from Curriculum Tracking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koerselman, Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Curriculum tracking creates incentives in the years before its start, and we should therefore expect test scores to be higher during those years. I find robust evidence for incentive effects of tracking in the UK based on the UK comprehensive school reform. Results from the Swedish comprehensive school reform are inconclusive. Internationally, I…

  4. Incentives for Tuition Savings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Scott E.

    The role of the federal government in authorizing tuition savings plans and the relationship of these incentives to more traditional student aid programs are examined. Most of the recent proposals to provide incentives for families to save for their children's education would allow tax breaks. For example, the Reagan administration proposal would…

  5. 42 CFR 413.88 - Incentive payments under plans for voluntary reduction in number of medical residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incentive payments under plans for voluntary reduction in number of medical residents. 413.88 Section 413.88 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE...

  6. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Research and development reimbursement, maintenance... Submission of Policies, Provisions of Policies and Rates of Premium § 400.712 Research and development... submission may be eligible for a one-time payment of research and development costs and reimbursement...

  7. Diabetes device reimbursement in the EU-5.

    PubMed

    Schäfer, Elmar; Schnell, Gerald; Bobáková, Tamara

    2013-07-01

    The reimbursement landscape for new and innovative diabetes devices in Europe is very heterogeneous and nontransparent, with each country employing different mechanisms, pathways, and requirements. This article provides an overview of how diabetes device reimbursement works in the outpatient setting in the five major European Union markets (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom; the EU-5). It will be of particular interest to manufacturers of innovative devices. Markets are first categorized as either a centralized or a regionalized reimbursement decision-making system, and implications for device reimbursement are explored. In the second part, specific requirements and success factors for wide reimbursement in the EU-5 are analyzed in detail. Gaining early acceptance by the main influencers (key opinion leaders and payers) is the first step. Equally important is the provision of convincing evidence, be this clinical, health-economic (cost-effectiveness), or a demonstration of cost savings (budget impact). In some countries, local usage data may be a requirement as well. Lastly, as payers' willingness to pay stems directly from their perceived value of a device, a key success factor and a necessary precondition for manufacturers is to set the right price. PMID:23911192

  8. Medicaid reimbursement, prenatal care and infant health.

    PubMed

    Sonchak, Lyudmyla

    2015-12-01

    This paper evaluates the impact of state-level Medicaid reimbursement rates for obstetric care on prenatal care utilization across demographic groups. It also uses these rates as an instrumental variable to assess the importance of prenatal care on birth weight. The analysis is conducted using a unique dataset of Medicaid reimbursement rates and 2001-2010 Vital Statistics Natality data. Conditional on county fixed effects, the study finds a modest, but statistically significant positive relationship between Medicaid reimbursement rates and the number of prenatal visits obtained by pregnant women. Additionally, higher rates are associated with an increase in the probability of obtaining adequate care, as well as a reduction in the incidence of going without any prenatal care. However, the effect of an additional prenatal visit on birth weight is virtually zero for black disadvantaged mothers, while an additional visit yields a substantial increase in birth weight of over 20 g for white disadvantaged mothers. PMID:26355229

  9. Analysis of nursing home capital reimbursement systems

    PubMed Central

    Boerstler, Heidi; Carlough, Tom; Schlenker, Robert E.

    1991-01-01

    An increasing number of States are using a fair-rental approach for reimbursement of nursing home capital costs. In this study, two variants of the fair-rental capital-reimbursement approach are compared with the traditional cost-based approach in terms of after-tax cash flow to the investor, cost to the State, and rate of return to investor. Simulation models were developed to examine the effects of each capital-reimbursement approach both at specific points in time and over various periods of time. Results indicate that although long-term costs were similar for the three systems, both fair-rental approaches may be superior to the traditional cost-based approach in promoting and controlling industry stability and, at the same time, in providing an adequate return to investors. PMID:10110878

  10. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement... lunches served to children under the National School Lunch Program and special cash assistance payments... National School Lunch and Commodity School Programs. Reimbursement payments shall also be made......

  11. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement... lunches served to children under the National School Lunch Program and special cash assistance payments... National School Lunch and Commodity School Programs. Reimbursement payments shall also be made......

  12. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement... lunches served to children under the National School Lunch Program and special cash assistance payments... National School Lunch and Commodity School Programs. Reimbursement payments shall also be made......

  13. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement... lunches served to children under the National School Lunch Program and special cash assistance payments... National School Lunch and Commodity School Programs. Reimbursement payments shall also be made......

  14. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement... lunches served to children under the National School Lunch Program and special cash assistance payments... National School Lunch and Commodity School Programs. Reimbursement payments shall also be made......

  15. 20 CFR 404.999b - Who may be reimbursed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 404.999b Who may be reimbursed. (a) The following individuals may be reimbursed for certain travel expenses— (1) You, when you attend medical examinations...

  16. 20 CFR 416.1496 - Who may be reimbursed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1496 Who may be reimbursed. (a) The following individuals may be reimbursed for certain travel expenses— (1) You, when you attend medical examinations...

  17. 20 CFR 341.5 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.5 Amount of reimbursement. (a) The Board shall receive as reimbursement the lesser of: (1) The amount of sickness benefits paid to the employee for the infirmity...

  18. 20 CFR 341.5 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.5 Amount of reimbursement. (a) The Board shall receive as reimbursement the lesser of: (1) The amount of sickness benefits paid to the employee for the infirmity...

  19. 20 CFR 341.5 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.5 Amount of reimbursement. (a) The Board shall receive as reimbursement the lesser of: (1) The amount of sickness benefits paid to the employee for the infirmity...

  20. 20 CFR 341.5 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.5 Amount of reimbursement. (a) The Board shall receive as reimbursement the lesser of: (1) The amount of sickness benefits paid to the employee for the infirmity...

  1. 20 CFR 341.5 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... STATUTORY LIEN WHERE SICKNESS BENEFITS PAID § 341.5 Amount of reimbursement. (a) The Board shall receive as reimbursement the lesser of: (1) The amount of sickness benefits paid to the employee for the infirmity...

  2. 14 CFR 331.7 - What losses will be reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... eligible reimbursement period. If you did not forecast for the eligible reimbursement period or any part of.... (g) Your calculation of revenues, expenses and income must be based on financial documents...

  3. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  4. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  5. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  6. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  7. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  8. Using an incentive spirometer

    MedlinePlus

    do Nascimento Jr P, Módolo NSP, Andrade S, et al. Incentive spirometry for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications in upper abdominal surgery. Cochrane Database Sys Rev . Published online February 8, ...

  9. 48 CFR 46.303 - Cost-reimbursement supply contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.303 Cost-reimbursement supply contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-3, Inspection of Supplies—Cost-Reimbursement, in... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement...

  10. 48 CFR 46.305 - Cost-reimbursement service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.305 Cost-reimbursement service contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-5, Inspection of Services—Cost Reimbursement, in... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement...

  11. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. (c) FAS will not reimburse claims submitted later than 6 months after the end of a marketing plan year. (d) If FAS overpays a reimbursement claim, the Cooperator... reimbursement claims is available from the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. Claims...

  12. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. (c) FAS will not reimburse claims submitted later than 6 months after the end of a marketing plan year. (d) If FAS overpays a reimbursement claim, the Cooperator... reimbursement claims is available from the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. Claims...

  13. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....S. office to the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. (c) FAS will not reimburse claims submitted later than 6 months after the end of a marketing plan year. (d) If FAS overpays a reimbursement... format for reimbursement claims is available from the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS,...

  14. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. (c) FAS will not reimburse claims submitted later than 6 months after the end of a marketing plan year. (d) If FAS overpays a reimbursement claim, the Cooperator... reimbursement claims is available from the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. Claims...

  15. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ....S. office to the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS, USDA. (c) FAS will not reimburse claims submitted later than 6 months after the end of a marketing plan year. (d) If FAS overpays a reimbursement... format for reimbursement claims is available from the Director, Marketing Operations Staff, FAS,...

  16. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Am I eligible for reimbursement? 310.5 Section 310.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY... HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES Provisions Who Can Be Reimbursed? § 310.5 Am I eligible for reimbursement?...

  17. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Am I eligible for reimbursement? 310.5 Section 310.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY... HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES Provisions Who Can Be Reimbursed? § 310.5 Am I eligible for reimbursement?...

  18. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Am I eligible for reimbursement? 310.5 Section 310.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY... HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES Provisions Who Can Be Reimbursed? § 310.5 Am I eligible for reimbursement?...

  19. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Am I eligible for reimbursement? 310.5 Section 310.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY... HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES Provisions Who Can Be Reimbursed? § 310.5 Am I eligible for reimbursement?...

  20. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Am I eligible for reimbursement? 310.5 Section 310.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY... HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES Provisions Who Can Be Reimbursed? § 310.5 Am I eligible for reimbursement?...

  1. 44 CFR 208.35 - Reimbursement for Advisory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Reimbursement for Advisory. 208.35 Section 208.35 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... Cooperative Agreements § 208.35 Reimbursement for Advisory. DHS will not reimburse costs incurred during...

  2. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for Alert. 208... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs incurred during an Alert, up to the dollar limit specified in the Alert Order, for the following...

  3. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... consistent with the provisions of 48 CFR part 31. (2) Costs not eligible for Federal reimbursement include... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Cost development and reimbursement. 645.117 Section 645... OPERATIONS UTILITIES Utility Relocations, Adjustments, and Reimbursement § 645.117 Cost development...

  4. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... consistent with the provisions of 48 CFR part 31. (2) Costs not eligible for Federal reimbursement include... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Cost development and reimbursement. 645.117 Section 645... OPERATIONS UTILITIES Utility Relocations, Adjustments, and Reimbursement § 645.117 Cost development...

  5. 14 CFR § 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. § 1214.803 Section § 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement... shall be escalated in accordance with the Shuttle policy. (c) Customers shall reimburse NASA an...

  6. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for Alert. 208... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs incurred during an Alert, up to the dollar limit specified in the Alert Order, for the following...

  7. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement for Alert. 208... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs incurred during an Alert, up to the dollar limit specified in the Alert Order, for the following...

  8. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement for Alert. 208... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs incurred during an Alert, up to the dollar limit specified in the Alert Order, for the following...

  9. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Reimbursement for Alert. 208... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs incurred during an Alert, up to the dollar limit specified in the Alert Order, for the following...

  10. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  11. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  12. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  13. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  14. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  15. 7 CFR 1230.38 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.38 Section 1230... National Pork Producers Delegate Body § 1230.38 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Delegate Body shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed by the Board for actual...

  16. 7 CFR 1230.57 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.57 Section 1230... National Pork Board § 1230.57 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred by them in the exercise of their...

  17. 7 CFR 1230.38 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.38 Section 1230... National Pork Producers Delegate Body § 1230.38 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Delegate Body shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed by the Board for actual...

  18. 7 CFR 1230.38 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.38 Section 1230... National Pork Producers Delegate Body § 1230.38 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Delegate Body shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed by the Board for actual...

  19. 7 CFR 1230.57 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.57 Section 1230... National Pork Board § 1230.57 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred by them in the exercise of their...

  20. 7 CFR 1230.38 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.38 Section 1230... National Pork Producers Delegate Body § 1230.38 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Delegate Body shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed by the Board for actual...

  1. 7 CFR 1230.57 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.57 Section 1230... National Pork Board § 1230.57 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred by them in the exercise of their...

  2. 7 CFR 1230.57 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.57 Section 1230... National Pork Board § 1230.57 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred by them in the exercise of their...

  3. 7 CFR 1230.38 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.38 Section 1230... National Pork Producers Delegate Body § 1230.38 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Delegate Body shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed by the Board for actual...

  4. 7 CFR 1230.57 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1230.57 Section 1230... National Pork Board § 1230.57 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred by them in the exercise of their...

  5. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  6. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  7. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  8. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  9. 75 FR 62348 - Reimbursement Offsets for Medical Care or Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 17 RIN 2900-AN55 Reimbursement Offsets for Medical Care or Services AGENCY: Department... to amend its regulations concerning the reimbursement of medical care and services delivered to... payers are required to reimburse VA for costs related to care provided by VA to a veteran covered...

  10. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  11. 7 CFR 220.10 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.10 Effective date for reimbursement. Reimbursement payments under the School Breakfast Program may be made only to School Food... execution of the agreement. Such payments may include reimbursement in connection with breakfasts served...

  12. 7 CFR 220.10 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.10 Effective date for reimbursement. Reimbursement payments under the School Breakfast Program may be made only to School Food... execution of the agreement. Such payments may include reimbursement in connection with breakfasts served...

  13. 7 CFR 220.10 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.10 Effective date for reimbursement. Reimbursement payments under the School Breakfast Program may be made only to School Food... execution of the agreement. Such payments may include reimbursement in connection with breakfasts served...

  14. 7 CFR 220.10 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.10 Effective date for reimbursement. Reimbursement payments under the School Breakfast Program may be made only to School Food... execution of the agreement. Such payments may include reimbursement in connection with breakfasts served...

  15. 7 CFR 220.10 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.10 Effective date for reimbursement. Reimbursement payments under the School Breakfast Program may be made only to School Food... execution of the agreement. Such payments may include reimbursement in connection with breakfasts served...

  16. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... policy language will be eligible for a higher reimbursement than policies or plans of insurance for... miscellaneous expenses, other costs, and the total cost); (vi) Software and computer programming...

  17. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... policy language will be eligible for a higher reimbursement than policies or plans of insurance for... miscellaneous expenses, other costs, and the total cost); (vi) Software and computer programming...

  18. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section 37.46 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF THE COASTAL PLAIN,...

  19. 12 CFR 607.9 - Reimbursable billings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursable billings. 607.9 Section 607.9 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ASSESSMENT AND APPORTIONMENT OF...-System entities each year subsequent to the issuance of their respective Reports of Examination....

  20. 12 CFR 607.9 - Reimbursable billings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursable billings. 607.9 Section 607.9 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ASSESSMENT AND APPORTIONMENT OF...-System entities each year subsequent to the issuance of their respective Reports of Examination....

  1. 7 CFR 220.11 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, the State agency or FNSRO, where applicable, may... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.11 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be... provide the Reports of School Program Operations required under § 220.13(b)(2). Unless otherwise...

  2. 7 CFR 220.11 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, the State agency or FNSRO, where applicable, may... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.11 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be... provide the Reports of School Program Operations required under § 220.13(b)(2). Unless otherwise...

  3. 7 CFR 220.11 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, the State agency or FNSRO, where applicable, may... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.11 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be... provide the Reports of School Program Operations required under § 220.13(b)(2). Unless otherwise...

  4. 7 CFR 220.11 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, the State agency or FNSRO, where applicable, may... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.11 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be... provide the Reports of School Program Operations required under § 220.13(b)(2). Unless otherwise...

  5. 7 CFR 220.11 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program, the State agency or FNSRO, where applicable, may... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.11 Reimbursement procedures. (a) To be... provide the Reports of School Program Operations required under § 220.13(b)(2). Unless otherwise...

  6. 7 CFR 1485.17 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursement procedures. 1485.17 Section 1485.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN MARKETS FOR...

  7. Indirect Cost Reimbursement: An Industrial View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, Robert

    1987-01-01

    The meaning of indirect costs in an industrial environment is discussed. Other factors considered are corporate policies; nature of work being supported; the uniqueness of the work; who is doing the negotiating for industry; and indirect rates. Suggestions are offered for approaches to indirect cost reimbursement. (Author/MLW)

  8. 12 CFR 1011.5 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement. 1011.5 Section 1011.5 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND... condition, the developer may subtract from the amount paid by the purchaser, and otherwise due to...

  9. 12 CFR 1011.5 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement. 1011.5 Section 1011.5 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND... condition, the developer may subtract from the amount paid by the purchaser, and otherwise due to...

  10. 12 CFR 1011.5 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement. 1011.5 Section 1011.5 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND... condition, the developer may subtract from the amount paid by the purchaser, and otherwise due to...

  11. 7 CFR 1485.16 - Reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Travel Regulations (41 CFR parts 301 through 304) for no more than two representatives of a single brand... reimburse per diem in excess of the rates allowed under the U.S. Federal Travel Regulations (41 CFR parts... Travel Regulations (41 CFR parts 301 through 304); (12) An overseas office, including rent,...

  12. Salary Reimbursement--Benefits and Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Louis

    The policies of most research-oriented universities with regard to reimbursement for faculty time from grants and contracts can probably be summed up in a single sentence: "Let's get as much as we can." Several areas of concern arise from this situation: (1) the university's ability to plan its future, develop real goals and objectives, govern and…

  13. 44 CFR 352.28 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement. 352.28 Section 352.28 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PREPAREDNESS COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLANNING...

  14. 7 CFR 220.9 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.9 Reimbursement payments. (a) State... breakfasts meeting the requirements of § 220.8, and reported in accordance with § 220.11(b) of this part. School Food Authorities shall plan for and prepare breakfasts on the basis of participation trends,...

  15. 7 CFR 220.9 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.9 Reimbursement payments. (a) State... breakfasts meeting the requirements of § 220.8, and reported in accordance with § 220.11(b) of this part. School Food Authorities shall plan for and prepare breakfasts on the basis of participation trends,...

  16. 7 CFR 220.9 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.9 Reimbursement payments. (a) State... breakfasts meeting the requirements of § 220.8, and reported in accordance with § 220.11(b) of this part. School Food Authorities shall plan for and prepare breakfasts on the basis of participation trends,...

  17. 7 CFR 220.9 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.9 Reimbursement payments. (a) State... breakfasts meeting the requirements of § 220.8, and reported in accordance with § 220.11(b) of this part. School Food Authorities shall plan for and prepare breakfasts on the basis of participation trends,...

  18. 7 CFR 220.9 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM § 220.9 Reimbursement payments. (a) State... breakfasts meeting the requirements of § 220.8, and reported in accordance with § 220.11(b) of this part. School Food Authorities shall plan for and prepare breakfasts on the basis of participation trends,...

  19. 77 FR 45520 - Reimbursed Entertainment Expenses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BI83 Reimbursed Entertainment Expenses AGENCY: Internal... expenses for entertainment, amusement, or recreation activities and for facilities used in connection with entertainment, amusement, or recreation activities. Section 274(n)(1) generally limits the amount allowable as...

  20. 78 FR 46502 - Reimbursed Entertainment Expenses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-01

    ...) was published in the Federal Register (77 FR 45520). One written comment responding to the notice of... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BI83 Reimbursed Entertainment Expenses AGENCY: Internal... deductions for certain expenses for entertainment, amusement, recreation, or travel. * * * * * (f) * * *...

  1. Implementation of the 2011 Reimbursement Act in Poland: Desired and undesired effects of the changes in reimbursement policy.

    PubMed

    Kawalec, Paweł; Sagan, Anna; Stawowczyk, Ewa; Kowalska-Bobko, Iwona; Mokrzycka, Anna

    2016-04-01

    The Act of 12 May 2011 on the Reimbursement of Medicines, Foodstuffs Intended for Particular Nutritional Uses and Medical Devices constitutes a major change of the reimbursement policy in Poland. The main aims of this Act were to rationalize the reimbursement policy and to reduce spending on reimbursed drugs. The Act seems to have met these goals: reimbursement policy (including pricing of reimbursed drugs) was overhauled and the expenditure of the National Health Fund on reimbursed drugs saw a significant decrease in the year following the Act's introduction. The annual savings achieved since then (mainly due to the introduction of risk sharing schemes), have made it possible to include new drugs into the reimbursement list and improve access to innovative drugs. However, at the same time, the decrease in prices of reimbursed drugs, that the Act brought about, led to an uncontrolled outflow of some of these drugs abroad and shortages in Poland. This paper analyses the main changes introduced by the Reimbursement Act and their implications. Since the Act came into force relatively recently, its full impact on the reimbursement policy is not yet possible to assess. PMID:26994865

  2. Incentives for health.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Peter; Harrison, Oliver; Cooper, Cary; Jané-Llopis, Eva

    2011-08-01

    This article discusses incentives to help make healthy choices the easy choices for individuals, operating at the levels of the individual, producers and service providers, and governments. Whereas paying individuals directly to be healthier seems to have a limited effect, offering financial incentives through health insurance improves health. Changing the environment to make healthier choices more accessible acts as an incentive to improve health. Employers can provide incentives to improve the health of their employees. Producers and service providers can take voluntary action to make their products less harmful, and they can be nudged into marketing healthier products within a regulatory environment. International agreements and monitoring systems can incentivize governments to do more for health. Lessons from climate change adaptation suggest that multilevel governance and policy integration are greater obstacles to policy change and implementation than knowing what has to be done. Policy change and implementation are triggered by many drivers, many of which are side effects of other policy pressures rather than of the direct policy goal itself. Effective action to reduce noncommunicable diseases will require leveraging social networks into a new ways of thinking about health; making better health prestigious and aspirational, and giving health and wellness a brand that encourages positive behavior change. PMID:21916718

  3. [Alternatives to pharmaceutical distribution and reimbursement].

    PubMed

    Meneu, R

    2002-01-01

    In Spain pharmaceutical distribution is carried out mainly thorugh the 20,000 independent pharmacies located throughout the country. This situation contrasts with that in other countries where other health care providers play a major role in drug dispensation or where pharmacies form part of industrial conglomerates or commercial chains. We describe the pharmaceutical distribution chain in Spain wholesale and through the pharmacies and place particular emphasis on five aspects of relevance when considering alternatives: ownership of the pharmacy and norms of professional service, criteria for setting up a pharmacy, monopoly on dispensing, automatic ageement with the Spanish national health system and reimbursement system. Several alternatives found in comparable countries are described: mail order and on-line distribution, sale of over-the counter pharmaceutical products in establishments other than pharmacies, the estabilishment of pharmaceutical chains, dispensing by providers, the repercussions of electronic prescribing and the possibilities of the still-emerging Pharmacuetical Care. The characteristics of pharmacy reimbursement systems are also reviewed. We recommend modification of limitations on ownership of pharmacies, the establishment of optional agreements between pharmacies and the Spanish national health system and the authorization of alternative or complementary channels of distribution for some products. We propose a mixed model of reimbursement that would include: a) a ficed price for dispensing; b) almost total return of the cost of the product; c) reimbursement for services explicity defined by the financer, and d) the possibility of a selective fixed payment for certain situations depending on the agreed services or a guaranteed minimum income. PMID:11958754

  4. Institutional incentives for altruism: gifting blood in China

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In mainland China, the motivation behind voluntary blood donation is a relatively new and understudied behavior. In recent times provincial governments in China have implemented various institutional incentive measures. However, little is known regarding the effectiveness of such measures. This qualitative study investigated the nature and outcomes of some identified institutionalized mechanisms, in particular how these were created and distributed in the form of incentives for voluntary blood donation. Methods Participatory observations were conducted at two blood donation stations and four blood collecting vehicles in Changsha city, China. In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 staff and 58 blood donors at the aforementioned venues from May to October 2008 in Changsha. Results Thematic analysis revealed the operation of four primary type incentives: policy-driven, symbolic, information feedback and role models, which constituted the system of institutional incentives. The current blood reimbursement system was not the primary motivation for blood donation; instead this system was a subtheme of future assurance for emergency blood needs. It was evident that symbolic incentives stressed the meaning and value of blood donation. Furthermore, post-donation information services and the inherent mechanisms of communication, enhanced by some public role models, served to draw the public to donate blood. Conclusions At the institutional level, blood donation was not only informed by altruism, but also carried a system of benefit and reward for the donors and their family members. We would recommend that such arrangements, if accommodated effectively into China’s health promotion strategies, would increase the likelihood of blood donation. PMID:23721212

  5. 7 CFR 1214.45 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order Christmas Tree Promotion Board § 1214.45 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the...

  6. 7 CFR 1214.45 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order Christmas Tree Promotion Board § 1214.45 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the...

  7. 7 CFR 1214.45 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order Christmas Tree Promotion Board § 1214.45 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the...

  8. 7 CFR 1208.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... RASPBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order National Processed Raspberry Council § 1208.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The...

  9. 7 CFR 1208.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... RASPBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order National Processed Raspberry Council § 1208.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The...

  10. 78 FR 36035 - Proposed Information Collection Activity: [Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... beneficiary travel mileage reimbursement benefit in an efficient, convenient and accurate manner. VHA must... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection Activity: [Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application... to ``OMB Control No. 2900--NEW (Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application Form)'' in...

  11. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... development costs must be supported by itemized statements and supporting documentation (copies of contracts... all persons who make up the contracted party who had a substantive involvement in the development of... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Research and development reimbursement,...

  12. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... development costs must be supported by itemized statements and supporting documentation (copies of contracts... all persons who make up the contracted party who had a substantive involvement in the development of... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Research and development reimbursement,...

  13. 76 FR 39043 - TRICARE; Reimbursement of Sole Community Hospitals and Adjustment to Reimbursement of Critical...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ... reimburses SCHs for inpatient care the greatest of these aggregate amounts: 1. What the SCH would have been... conform to the statute. Under 32 CFR 199.14(a)(1)(ii)(D)(6), SCHs are exempt from the TRICARE DRG-based... than 20 TRICARE discharges annually. The TRICARE average cost per discharge in 1 year may not be a...

  14. Best practices in policy and access (coding and reimbursement) for weight loss surgery.

    PubMed

    Shikora, Scott A; Kruger, Rayford S; Blackburn, George L; Fallon, John A; Harvey, Alan M; Johnson, Elvira Q; Kaplan, Lee; Mun, Edward C; Riley, Stancel; Robinson, Malcolm K; Sabin, James E; Snow, Roger L; Lonigro, Robert; Steingisser, Lee J; Lautz, David B

    2009-05-01

    To update evidence-based best practice guidelines for coding and reimbursement and establish policy and access standards for weight loss surgery (WLS). Systematic search of English-language literature on WLS and health-care policy, access, insurance reimbursement, coding, private payers, public policy, and mandated benefits published between April 2004 and May 2007 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Use of key words to narrow the search for a selective review of abstracts, retrieval of full articles, and grading of evidence according to systems used in established evidence-based models. We identified 51 publications in our literature search; the 20 most relevant were examined in detail. These included reviews, cost-benefit analyses, and trend and cost studies from administrative databases. Literature on policy issues surrounding WLS are very sparse and largely focused on economic analyses. Reports on policy initiatives in the public and private arenas are primarily limited to narrative reviews of nonsurgical efforts to fight obesity. A substantial body of work shows that WLS improves or reverses most obesity-related comorbidities. Mounting evidence also indicates that WLS confers a significant survival advantage for those who undergo it. WLS is a viable and cost-effective treatment for an increasingly common disease, and policy decisions are more frequently being linked to incentives for national health-care goals. However, access to WLS often varies by payer and region. Currently, there are no uniform criteria for determining patient appropriateness for surgery. PMID:19396072

  15. Bundled-rate legislation for Medicare reimbursement for dialysis services: implications for anemia management with ESAs.

    PubMed

    Charytan, Chaim

    2010-12-01

    With the incidence of ESRD on the rise, there is a continuing need to control anemia-related treatment costs in dialysis patients receiving reimbursement through Medicare. Currently, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are billed separately from dialysis services, potentially creating little financial incentive for more efficient use. The Medicare Improvement for Patients and Providers Act, passed by the U.S. Congress in July 2008, includes provisions intended to address this concern. Under this act, dialysis services will be reimbursed using a fully bundled, comprehensive payment system that includes all services currently covered in the basic composite rate, as well as certain separately billable items, including ESAs. A base rate of $229.63 per treatment has been assigned, to be individualized using case-mix adjusters. The implications of this new system for anemia management with ESAs continue to be elucidated. With fixed compensation for ESAs, management strategies that maximize efficiencies and, thereby, optimize cost savings will be favored. Select strategies may include switching from intravenous (IV) to subcutaneous routes, lowering Hb targets and ESA doses in hyporesponsive patients, increasing administration of IV iron, increasing use of home dialysis, and optimizing ESA dosing intervals. Once-monthly ESA therapy has potential advantages under this new system as an alternative to more frequently administered ESAs and may help achieve quality metrics in a cost-efficient manner. PMID:21071515

  16. 14 CFR 331.13 - What is the eligible reimbursement period under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS PROCEDURES FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF GENERAL AVIATION... reimbursement. The first period is from September 11, 2001 until May 16, 2002. The second period is...

  17. 32 CFR 199.14 - Provider reimbursement methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Provider reimbursement methods. 199.14 Section 199.14 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS CIVILIAN HEALTH AND MEDICAL PROGRAM OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES (CHAMPUS) § 199.14 Provider reimbursement methods. (a) Hospitals....

  18. 48 CFR 46.305 - Cost-reimbursement service contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement service contracts. 46.305 Section 46.305 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.305 Cost-reimbursement service contracts. The contracting officer shall insert...

  19. 48 CFR 52.249-6 - Termination (Cost-Reimbursement).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Termination (Cost....249-6 Termination (Cost-Reimbursement). As prescribed in 49.503(a)(1), insert the following clause: Termination (Cost-Reimbursement) (MAY 2004) (a) The Government may terminate performance of work under...

  20. 48 CFR 46.303 - Cost-reimbursement supply contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement supply contracts. 46.303 Section 46.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.303 Cost-reimbursement supply contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the...

  1. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  2. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  3. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  4. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  5. 48 CFR 52.249-6 - Termination (Cost-Reimbursement).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Termination (Cost....249-6 Termination (Cost-Reimbursement). As prescribed in 49.503(a)(1), insert the following clause: Termination (Cost-Reimbursement) (MAY 2004) (a) The Government may terminate performance of work under...

  6. 48 CFR 52.249-6 - Termination (Cost-Reimbursement).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Termination (Cost....249-6 Termination (Cost-Reimbursement). As prescribed in 49.503(a)(1), insert the following clause: Termination (Cost-Reimbursement) (MAY 2004) (a) The Government may terminate performance of work under...

  7. 48 CFR 52.249-6 - Termination (Cost-Reimbursement).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Termination (Cost....249-6 Termination (Cost-Reimbursement). As prescribed in 49.503(a)(1), insert the following clause: Termination (Cost-Reimbursement) (MAY 2004) (a) The Government may terminate performance of work under...

  8. 34 CFR 674.13 - Reimbursement to the Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursement to the Fund. 674.13 Section 674.13 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM General Provisions § 674.13 Reimbursement...

  9. 14 CFR § 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. § 1214.202 Section § 1214.202 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for Shuttle Services Provided to Civil U.S. Government Users and Foreign Users Who Have...

  10. 38 CFR 17.114 - Submittal of claim for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Submittal of claim for reimbursement. 17.114 Section 17.114 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Reimbursement for Loss by Natural Disaster of Personal Effects of Hospitalized Or Nursing...

  11. 38 CFR 17.114 - Submittal of claim for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Submittal of claim for reimbursement. 17.114 Section 17.114 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Reimbursement for Loss by Natural Disaster of Personal Effects of Hospitalized Or Nursing...

  12. 38 CFR 17.114 - Submittal of claim for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Submittal of claim for reimbursement. 17.114 Section 17.114 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Reimbursement for Loss by Natural Disaster of Personal Effects of Hospitalized Or Nursing...

  13. 36 CFR 64.15 - Financial reporting requirements and reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements and reimbursements. 64.15 Section 64.15 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE... RIGHTS-OF-WAY § 64.15 Financial reporting requirements and reimbursements. Payments to applicants will... approved project. Advances shall be limited to one month's cash requirements. The request for advance...

  14. 41 CFR 101-39.104-2 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.1-Establishment, Modification, and Discontinuance of Interagency Fleet Management Systems § 101-39.104-2 Reimbursement. Reimbursement for the motor vehicles and related...

  15. 41 CFR 101-39.104-2 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.1-Establishment, Modification, and Discontinuance of Interagency Fleet Management Systems § 101-39.104-2 Reimbursement. Reimbursement for the motor vehicles and related...

  16. 41 CFR 101-39.104-2 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.1-Establishment, Modification, and Discontinuance of Interagency Fleet Management Systems § 101-39.104-2 Reimbursement. Reimbursement for the motor vehicles and related...

  17. 41 CFR 101-39.104-2 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.1-Establishment, Modification, and Discontinuance of Interagency Fleet Management Systems § 101-39.104-2 Reimbursement. Reimbursement for the motor vehicles and related...

  18. 7 CFR 215.9 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Effective date for reimbursement. 215.9 Section 215.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.9 Effective date for reimbursement. (a) A State Agency,...

  19. 20 CFR 405.901 - Reimbursement of certain travel expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. 405... FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 405.901 Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. When you file a disability claim, you may incur certain travel...

  20. 47 CFR 54.414 - Reimbursement for Tribal Link Up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement for Tribal Link Up. 54.414... Tribal Link Up. (a) Eligible telecommunications carriers that are receiving high-cost support, pursuant... reimbursement for providing Tribal Link Up, eligible telecommunications carriers must follow the procedures...

  1. 47 CFR 54.414 - Reimbursement for Tribal Link Up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement for Tribal Link Up. 54.414... Tribal Link Up. (a) Eligible telecommunications carriers that are receiving high-cost support, pursuant... reimbursement for providing Tribal Link Up, eligible telecommunications carriers must follow the procedures...

  2. 47 CFR 54.414 - Reimbursement for Tribal Link Up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement for Tribal Link Up. 54.414... Tribal Link Up. (a) Eligible telecommunications carriers that are receiving high-cost support, pursuant... reimbursement for providing Tribal Link Up, eligible telecommunications carriers must follow the procedures...

  3. 76 FR 63844 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Lodging Reimbursement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ...The General Services Administration (GSA) is amending the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) regarding reimbursement of lodging per diem expenses while on temporary duty travel (TDY). This final rule specifically states GSA's policy in regards to reimbursement for personally-owned residence and personally-owned recreational vehicle expenses while on...

  4. 75 FR 37971 - Providing Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ... Federal Register. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, June 25, 2010. [FR Doc. 2010-16128... Memorandum of June 25, 2010--Providing Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements #0; #0; #0... Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements Memorandum for the Secretary of Health and Human...

  5. 41 CFR 101-39.104-2 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.1-Establishment, Modification, and Discontinuance of Interagency Fleet Management Systems § 101-39.104-2 Reimbursement. Reimbursement for the motor vehicles and related...

  6. Obtaining Reimbursement in France and Italy for New Diabetes Products

    PubMed Central

    Schaefer, Elmar; Sonsalla, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Manufacturers launching next-generation or innovative medical devices in Europe face a very heterogeneous reimbursement landscape, with each country having its own pathways, timing, requirements and success factors. We selected 2 markets for a deeper look into the reimbursement landscape: France, representing a country with central decision making with defined processes, and Italy, which delegates reimbursement decisions to the regional level, resulting in a less transparent approach to reimbursement. Based on our experience in working on various new product launches and analyzing recent reimbursement decisions, we found that payers in both countries do not reward improved next-generation products with incremental reimbursement. Looking at innovations, we observe that manufacturers face a challenging and lengthy process to obtain reimbursement. In addition, requirements and key success factors differ by country: In France, comparative clinical evidence and budget impact very much drive reimbursement decisions in terms of pricing and restrictions, whereas in Italy, regional key opinion leader (KOL) support and additional local observational data are key. PMID:25550411

  7. 45 CFR 149.300 - General reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false General reimbursement rules. 149.300 Section 149.300 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement Methods § 149.300 General...

  8. 45 CFR 149.315 - Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds. 149.315 Section 149.315 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement...

  9. 45 CFR 149.315 - Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds. 149.315 Section 149.315 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement...

  10. 45 CFR 149.200 - Use of reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Use of reimbursements. 149.200 Section 149.200 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Use of Reimbursements § 149.200 Use of...

  11. 45 CFR 149.200 - Use of reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Use of reimbursements. 149.200 Section 149.200 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Use of Reimbursements § 149.200 Use of...

  12. 45 CFR 149.300 - General reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General reimbursement rules. 149.300 Section 149.300 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement Methods § 149.300 General...

  13. 45 CFR 149.200 - Use of reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of reimbursements. 149.200 Section 149.200 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Use of Reimbursements § 149.200 Use of...

  14. 45 CFR 149.300 - General reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false General reimbursement rules. 149.300 Section 149.300 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement Methods § 149.300 General...

  15. 45 CFR 149.315 - Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds. 149.315 Section 149.315 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement...

  16. 45 CFR 149.300 - General reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false General reimbursement rules. 149.300 Section 149.300 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement Methods § 149.300 General...

  17. 45 CFR 149.315 - Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds. 149.315 Section 149.315 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement...

  18. 45 CFR 149.300 - General reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false General reimbursement rules. 149.300 Section 149.300 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement Methods § 149.300 General...

  19. 45 CFR 149.315 - Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds. 149.315 Section 149.315 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement...

  20. 33 CFR 245.60 - Reimbursement for removal costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursement for removal costs..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REMOVAL OF WRECKS AND OTHER OBSTRUCTIONS § 245.60 Reimbursement for removal costs. The... removal and disposal costs in excess of the value of the recovered vessel (or other obstruction) and cargo....

  1. 33 CFR 245.60 - Reimbursement for removal costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reimbursement for removal costs..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REMOVAL OF WRECKS AND OTHER OBSTRUCTIONS § 245.60 Reimbursement for removal costs. The... removal and disposal costs in excess of the value of the recovered vessel (or other obstruction) and cargo....

  2. 22 CFR 202.7 - Documentation required for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Documentation required for reimbursement. 202.7 Section 202.7 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OVERSEAS SHIPMENTS OF SUPPLIES BY VOLUNTARY NON-PROFIT RELIEF AGENCIES § 202.7 Documentation required for reimbursement. Claims...

  3. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM... uranium or thorium processing site that has incurred costs of remedial action for the site that...

  4. 7 CFR 215.9 - Effective date for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Effective date for reimbursement. 215.9 Section 215.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.9 Effective date for reimbursement. (a) A State Agency,...

  5. 47 CFR 54.407 - Reimbursement for offering Lifeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Universal Service Support for Low-Income Consumers § 54.407 Reimbursement for... eligible telecommunications carrier, based on the number of qualifying low-income consumers it serves... carrier may receive universal service support reimbursement for each qualifying low-income consumer...

  6. Patient Perception of Reimbursement for Arthroscopic Meniscectomy and ACL Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Okoroha, Kelechi; Keller, Robert A.; Marshall, Nathan E.; Guest, John-Michael; Lynch, Jonathan; Lock, Terrence R.; Rill, Brian K.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Healthcare policy changes and decreases in Medicare physician reimbursement continue to change the landscape of healthcare. Historically, patient perceptions of surgeon reimbursement have been exaggerated compared to actual reimbursement. Currently there is limited evidence for patient perception for arthroscopic meniscectomy and ACL reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient perception of physician reimbursement for arthroscopic meniscectomy and ACL reconstruction and to compare health care perceptions between urban and suburban clinics. Methods: Surveys were given to 231 consecutive patients, 127 in an urban clinic and 104 in a suburban clinic. Patients were asked their estimation of reasonable reimbursement for arthroscopic meniscectomy and ACL reconstruction as well as their perception on actual Medicare reimbursement to physicians. They were also asked how much would they be willing to pay out of pocket for the procedures. After revealing actual reimbursement rates, patients were asked if reimbursement levels were appropriate, whether surgeon subspecialty training was important, and if additional compensation should be associated with subspecialty training. Survey responses were compared with respondents in an urban versus a suburban setting as well as amongst income and education level. Results: Patients on average reported surgeons should receive $8,096 for a meniscectomy and $11,794 for an ACL reconstruction, 14 times and 11 times as much as actually reimbursed, respectively. Patients estimated that Medicare paid physicians $5,442 for a meniscectomy and $6,667 for an ACL reconstruction. Patients were willing to pay $2,286 out of pocket for a meniscectomy and $11,793 for an ACL reconstruction. Sixty five percent of patients believed reimbursement for meniscectomy was too low and 57% of patients believe reimbursement for ACL reconstruction was too low. Less than 2% of patients believed physician salaries should be cut

  7. Achieving reimbursement for regenerative medicine products in the USA.

    PubMed

    Ginty, P J; Singh, P B; Smith, D; Hourd, P; Williams, D J

    2010-05-01

    Achieving reimbursement for regenerative medicine products is potentially a greater challenge than gaining US FDA approval, making it a decisive factor in the success or failure of small businesses. However, the mechanisms by which reimbursement is achieved are still seen as something of a 'black box', especially to those outside of the USA. This report aims to provide insights into the mechanisms of reimbursement and variety of payers in the USA, and to act as a starting point for a successful US reimbursement strategy. Fundamental concepts such as coverage, payment and coding are explained and linked with the factors that potentially determine the successful reimbursement of regenerative medicine products, including cost of goods and clinical study design. Finally, important considerations for the design of clinical studies that satisfy both the payers and the FDA are discussed and the key elements of a successful company strategy identified. PMID:20455656

  8. Home Nutrition Support: Ethics and Reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Martin, Karen; McGinnis, Carol

    2016-06-01

    Ethical dilemmas challenge providers on both sides of the hospital and clinic doors. In addition to establishing the nutrition care plan and guiding the client into the home setting with safe and effective parenteral or enteral nutrition therapy, procuring home nutrition support involves meeting documentation requirements and verifying that clients meet reimbursement criteria for home therapy based on third-party payer criteria. Providers have entered a realm for which training has been scarce and they face moral and ethical dilemmas involving serving as patient advocates, possibly stretching the truth to fit the clinical documentation to criteria vs maintaining professional integrity. Nutrition research and evidence-based practice have outpaced modifications to policies including Medicare's national and local coverage determinations, the bulk of which have not seen revisions in 32 years. This review elucidates clinical dilemmas and urges a political call to action to advocate for changes in current, outdated requirements for reimbursement. Given the current healthcare environment and trend toward expedited hospital stays, patients may be better served (and nourished) with revised guidelines. PMID:27072855

  9. Do financial incentives trump clinical guidance? Hip Replacement in England and Scotland.

    PubMed

    Papanicolas, Irene; McGuire, Alistair

    2015-12-01

    Following devolution in 1999 England and Scotland's National Health Services diverged, resulting in major differences in hospital payment. England introduced a case payment mechanism from 2003/4, while Scotland continued to pay through global budgets. We investigate the impact this change had on activity for Hip Replacement. We examine the financial reimbursement attached to uncemented Hip Replacement in England, which has been more generous than for its cemented counterpart, although clinical guidance from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence recommends the later. In Scotland this financial differential does not exist. We use a difference-in-difference estimator, using Scotland as a control, to test whether the change in reimbursement across the two countries had an influence on treatment. Our results indicate that financial incentives are directly linked to the faster uptake of the more expensive, uncemented Hip Replacement in England, which ran against the clinical guidance. PMID:26359587

  10. Financial Incentives and Weight Control

    PubMed Central

    Jeffery, Robert W.

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews research studies evaluating the use of financial incentives to promote weight control conducted between 1972 and 2010. It provides an overview of behavioral theories pertaining to incentives and describes empirical studies evaluating specific aspects of incentives. Research on financial incentives and weight control has a history spanning more than 30 years. Early studies were guided by operant learning concepts from Psychology, while more recent studies have relied on economic theory. Both theoretical orientations argue that providing financial rewards for losing weight should motivate people to engage in behaviors that produce weight loss. Empirical research has strongly supported this idea. However, results vary widely due to differences in incentive size and schedule, as well as contextual factors. Thus, many important questions about the use of incentives have not yet been clearly answered. Weight-maintenance studies using financial incentives are particularly sparse, so that their long-term efficacy and thus, value in addressing the public health problem of obesity is unclear. Major obstacles to sustained applications of incentive in weight control are funding sources and acceptance by those who might benefit. PMID:22244800

  11. Incentives for Accountability. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lashway, Larry

    Policymakers and educators are taking a new look at incentives as they work to improve accountability systems. This ERIC Digest examines the role of rewards and sanctions in school reform and identifies key issues in implementing incentive systems. The new accountability is based on five components: carefully designed standards, assessments…

  12. An Argument for Early Retirement Incentive Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baenen, Leonard B.; Ernest, Robert C.

    1982-01-01

    Early retirement incentive programs are discussed as a humanitarian way of reducing payroll costs and rewarding long-tenured employees. The incentives to be considered, program communication, and problems found in incentive programs are addressed. (Author/MLF)

  13. Understanding The Role Played By Medicare's Patient Experience Points System In Hospital Reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Elliott, Marc N; Beckett, Megan K; Lehrman, William G; Cleary, Paul; Cohea, Christopher W; Giordano, Laura A; Goldstein, Elizabeth H; Damberg, Cheryl L

    2016-09-01

    In 2015 the Medicare Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) program paid hospitals $1.4 billion in performance-based incentives; 30 percent of a hospital's VBP Total Performance Score was based on performance on Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) measures of the patient experience of care. Hospitals receive patient experience points based on three components: achievement, improvement, and consistency. For 2015 we examined how the three components affected reimbursement for 3,152 hospitals, including their impact on low-performing and high-minority hospitals. Achievement accounted for 96 percent of the differences among hospitals in total HCAHPS points. Although achievement had the biggest influence on payments, payments related to improvement and consistency were more beneficial for low-performing hospitals that disproportionately served minority patients. The findings highlight the important inducement that paying for improvement provides to initially low-performing hospitals to improve care and the role this incentive structure plays in minimizing resource redistributions away from hospitals serving minority populations. Additional emphasis on improvement points could benefit hospitals serving disadvantaged patients. PMID:27605650

  14. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... reimbursement plans must be made within 45 days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  15. 47 CFR 27.1166 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27... § 27.1166 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of reimbursement rights. Claims for reimbursement under the cost-sharing plan are limited to relocation expenses incurred on or...

  16. Pricing and reimbursement of drugs in Ireland.

    PubMed

    Barry, Michael; Tilson, Lesley; Ryan, Máirín

    2004-06-01

    Expenditure on healthcare in Ireland, which is mainly derived from taxation, has increased considerably in recent years to an estimated 9.2 billion euro in 2003. Pharmaceuticals account for approximately 10% of total healthcare expenditure. Approximately one-third of patients receive their medications free of charge whilst the remaining two-thirds are subject to a co-payment threshold of 78 euro per month, i.e. 936 euro per year. The price of medications in Ireland is linked to those of five other member states where the price to the wholesaler of any medication will not exceed the lesser of the currency-adjusted wholesale price in the United Kingdom or the average of wholesale prices in Denmark, France, Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom. A price freeze at the introduction price has been in existence since 1993. Despite the price freeze, expenditure on medicines on the community drugs scheme has increased from 201 million euro in 1993 to 898 million euro in 2002. The two main factors contributing to the increased expenditure on medicines include "product mix", the prescribing of new and more expensive medication, and "volume effect" comprising growth in the number of prescription items. Changing demographics and the extension of the General Medical Services (GMS) Scheme to provide free medicines for all those over the age of 70 years have also contributed. Prior to reimbursement under the community drugs schemes, a medicine must be included in the GMS code book or positive list. A demonstration of cost-effectiveness is not a pre-requisite for reimbursement. PMID:15452757

  17. Reporting IDS home office costs for Medicare reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Jones, F H; Leone, P R; Namenson, S L

    1996-01-01

    Under Medicare, providers that are part of a chain can be reimbursed for an allocable portion of allowable home office costs. Before a provider can be reimbursed for these costs, however, a home office cost statement must be submitted to the providers' fiscal intermediary. The statement provides a means of allocating certain home office costs to the provider components of a system so that providers can be reimbursed directly for these costs. The home office cost statement also offers a useful financial overview of the home office's operations in relation to the system's overall operations. PMID:10154094

  18. An overview of Medicare reimbursement regulations for advanced practice nurses.

    PubMed

    Frakes, Michael A; Evans, Tracylain

    2006-01-01

    The federal government spends nearly 15% of the budget on Medicare services annually, and advanced practice nurses are eligible for reimbursement from that pool. The regulations governing reimbursement are complex because of the social, political, and financial pressures involved in their development. Although economic viability and due diligence considerations make it incumbent on advanced practice nurses to understand the rules, the profession, as a whole, has knowledge deficits in this area. The essentials of regulatory development and structure are reviewed and considerations for optimizing reimbursement are described. PMID:16676748

  19. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  20. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  1. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  2. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  3. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  4. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  5. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  6. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  7. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  8. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  9. 40 CFR 791.20 - Initiation of reimbursement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... proceeding. (a) When persons subject to a test rule are unable to reach an agreement on the amount or method... is sought or who are seeking reimbursement, a brief description of the attempts to reach...

  10. Reimbursement for Continuous Glucose Monitoring: A European View

    PubMed Central

    Heinemann, Lutz; Franc, Sylvia; Phillip, Moshe; Battelino, Tadej; Ampudia-Blasco, Francisco Javier; Bolinder, Jan; Diem, Peter; Pickup, John; Hans DeVries, J.

    2012-01-01

    Different systems for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) are available on the European market. There is no unlimited reimbursement for CGM use in any European country, but in some countries, reimbursement exists for certain clinical indications. The aim of this commentary is to describe the different reimbursement situations across Europe for this innovative but costly technology, as a prelude to establishing more uniform use. From the perspective of many scientists and clinicians, a number of randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of real-time CGM versus self-monitoring of blood glucose, at least for hemoglobin A1c reduction. Nevertheless, according to many health care professionals and potential CGM users, national health services and health insurance organizations are reluctant to reimburse CGM. Imminent technological and manufacturing developments are expected to reduce the day-to-day costs of CGM. PMID:23294797

  11. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  12. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  13. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  14. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  15. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  16. 7 CFR 1215.28 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Popcorn Board § 1215.28 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve...

  17. 7 CFR 1215.28 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Popcorn Board § 1215.28 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve...

  18. 7 CFR 1215.28 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Popcorn Board § 1215.28 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve...

  19. 7 CFR 1215.28 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Popcorn Board § 1215.28 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve...

  20. 7 CFR 1215.28 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Popcorn Board § 1215.28 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve...

  1. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  2. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  3. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  4. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  5. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  6. Summary of DSN (Deep Space Network) reimbursable launch support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fanelli, N. A.; Wyatt, M. E.

    1988-01-01

    The Deep Space Network is providing ground support to space agencies of foreign governments as well as to NASA and other agencies of the Federal government which are involved in space activities. DSN funding for support of missions other than NASA are on either a cooperative or a reimbursable basis. Cooperative funding and support are accomplished in the same manner as NASA sponsored missions. Reimbursable launch funding and support methods are described.

  7. Egypt to boost gas incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Shawkat, M.M.

    1985-01-01

    The Egyptian government recently announced plans to increase gas exploration incentives to foreign operators in the hope of stimulating gas exploration and development. This article shows what has been accomplished.

  8. Physician Incentives in Health Maintenance Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaynor, Martin; Rebitzer, James B.; Taylor, Lowell J.

    2004-01-01

    Managed care organizations rely on incentives that encourage physicians to limit medical expenditures, but little is known about how physicians respond to these incentives. We address this issue by analyzing the physician incentive contracts in use at a health maintenance organization. By combining knowledge of the incentive contracts with…

  9. 7 CFR 3560.656 - Incentives offers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... receive equity loans as incentives. (iii) If an incentive offer for an equity loan is accepted, the equity... value appraisal conducted in accordance with subpart P of this part; (2) An incentive amount that will provide a fair return to the borrower; (3) An incentive amount that will not cause basic rents at...

  10. Incentives to promote family planning

    PubMed Central

    Heil, Sarah H.; Gaalema, Diann E.; Herrmann, Evan S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Over the past 60 years, population control has become an increasingly urgent issue worldwide as a growing population strains already limited resources. The use of financial incentives to promote family planning is an innovative approach that has potential to make a contribution to efforts to better manage population growth. This report reviews eight studies that examined the effect of incentives on family planning. Method Published studies that tested the impact of incentives to promote some aspect of family planning and included an appropriate control or comparison condition were reviewed. Results Incentives have been used to promote attendance at contraceptive education sessions, adoption and continuation of contraceptive methods, sterilization, and to limit family size. All but one of the eight studies reviewed reported positive outcomes, but weaknesses in study design and execution limit the strength of the conclusions that can be drawn. Conclusion Review of this literature suggests that family planning behaviors, like other behaviors, are sensitive to incentives. Given the tremendous need for efficacious interventions in global efforts to manage population growth, further research on this topic using more rigorous experimental methods is warranted. PMID:22743293

  11. Personalized Medicine’s Bottleneck: Diagnostic Test Evidence and Reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Joshua P.; Felix, Abigail E.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Personalized medicine is gradually emerging as a transformative field. Thus far, seven co-developed drug-diagnostic combinations have been approved and several dozen post-hoc drug-diagnostic combinations (diagnostic approved after the drug). However, barriers remain, particularly with respect to reimbursement. Purpose, methods: This study analyzes barriers facing uptake of drug-diagnostic combinations. We examine Medicare reimbursement in the U.S. of 10 drug-diagnostic combinations on the basis of a formulary review and a survey. Findings: We found that payers reimburse all 10 drugs, but with variable and relatively high patient co-insurance, as well as imposition of formulary restrictions. Payer reimbursement of companion diagnostics is limited and highly variable. In addition, we found that the body of evidence on the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of therapeutics is thin and even less robust for diagnostics. Conclusions, discussion: The high cost of personalized therapeutics and dearth of evidence concerning the comparative clinical effectiveness of drug-diagnostic combinations appear to contribute to high patient cost sharing, imposition of formulary restrictions, and limited and variable reimbursement of companion diagnostics. Our findings point to the need to increase the evidence base supportive of establishing linkage between diagnostic testing and positive health outcomes. PMID:25563222

  12. Economic Growth Challenge/Innovation Incentive: Implementing the Incentive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Board of Regents, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Economic Growth Challenge / Innovation Incentive, as proposed by the Governor's Commission on Higher Education and the Economy, is a new line item involving reallocation of current higher education funding plus matching levels of performance funding to achieve a major restructuring and refocusing of Ohio's portfolio of doctoral research programs.…

  13. Future Research and Policy Directions in Physician Reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    McMenamin, Peter

    1981-01-01

    Payments to physicians absorb the second largest share of the health care dollar in the United States. In 1979, the share was 19 percent of the total, or $40.6 billion (Gibson, 1980). The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) alone spent $8.6 billion for physician services, representing approximately 16 percent of all public funds disbursed under HCFA programs. This paper presents an overview of various issues concerning physician reimbursement. Several major areas have been identified (access, cost, quality, and improving or refining the Office of Research, Demonstrations, and Statistics' [ORDS] research techniques for analyzing topics concerning physician reimbursement). Each area is introduced with a brief discussion of some of the problems associated with the physician reimbursement systems relating to that area. Selected results are then presented from the previous research in each area, along with descriptions of continuing studies currently underway. Each section concludes with a discussion of potential future directions for new research or data development. PMID:10309465

  14. 78 FR 53507 - Agency Information Collection (Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application Form...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ... for the beneficiary travel mileage reimbursement benefit in an efficient, convenient and accurate... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application Form) Activity..._submission@omb.eop.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900- NEW (Beneficiary Travel...

  15. 40 CFR 35.113 - Reimbursement for pre-award costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Reimbursement for pre-award costs. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of 40 CFR 31.23(a) and OMB cost... costs at its own risk. EPA is under no obligation to reimburse such costs unless they are included in...

  16. 40 CFR 35.113 - Reimbursement for pre-award costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Reimbursement for pre-award costs. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of 40 CFR 31.23(a) and OMB cost... costs at its own risk. EPA is under no obligation to reimburse such costs unless they are included in...

  17. 40 CFR 35.113 - Reimbursement for pre-award costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Reimbursement for pre-award costs. (a) Notwithstanding the requirements of 40 CFR 31.23(a) and OMB cost... costs at its own risk. EPA is under no obligation to reimburse such costs unless they are included in...

  18. Financial Incentives for Staffing Hard Places.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prince, Cynthia D.

    2002-01-01

    Describes examples of financial incentives used to recruit teachers for low-achieving and hard-to-staff schools. Includes targeted salary increases, housing incentives, tuition assistance, and tax credits. (PKP)

  19. Behavioral Therapy, Incentives Enhance Addiction Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... News From NIH Behavioral Therapy, Incentives Enhance Addiction Treatment Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of Contents For ... their addiction to marijuana can benefit from a treatment program that combines motivational incentives with cognitive-behavioral ...

  20. Federal Incentives for Wind Power (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    This fact sheet describes the federal incentives available as of April 2013 that encourage increased development and deployment of wind energy technologies, including research grants, tax incentives, and loan programs.

  1. 43 CFR 3103.4 - Production incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Production incentives. 3103.4 Section 3103.4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT... Production incentives....

  2. 75 FR 22679 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... incentive compensation practices in the banking industry by providing a common prudential foundation for incentive compensation arrangements across banking organizations and promoting the overall movement of the industry towards better practices. Supervisory action could play a critical role in addressing...

  3. 75 FR 76079 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... incentive compensation practices in the banking industry by providing a common prudential foundation for incentive compensation arrangements across banking organizations and promoting the overall movement of the industry towards better practices. Supervisory action could play a critical role in addressing...

  4. Awards and Incentives Can Help Speed Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blomgren, George W.; Thiss, Thomas N.

    1976-01-01

    Describes efforts in the banking industry to combine the reward elements of incentive programs with training activities. Concludes that incentive programs can be combined effectively with learning activities so that training is reinforced and learned behavior is also practiced. (WL)

  5. 75 FR 53023 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... incentive compensation practices in the banking industry by providing a common prudential foundation for incentive compensation arrangements across banking organizations and promoting the overall movement of the industry towards better practices. Supervisory action could play a critical role in addressing...

  6. Open Enrollment and Fiscal Incentives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meadows, George R.

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potential role of selected fiscal incentives in attempting to achieve greater racial and socioeconomic integration through open enrollment programs. Three premises underlie this paper: first, that past experience with district wide unrestricted (color-blind) open enrollment plans indicate that this…

  7. Incentives and models of governance.

    PubMed

    Bevan, Gwyn

    2015-07-01

    This short commentary on Oliver's review of incentives relates that review to four models of governance: Trust and Altruism (T&A), Choice and Competition (C&C), Naming and Shaming (N&S) and Targets and Terror (T&T). PMID:26017196

  8. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  9. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  10. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  11. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... days of the request for reimbursement. See 5 CFR part 724. Agencies that do not meet this requirement... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR...

  12. 45 CFR 2551.46 - What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior...) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE SENIOR COMPANION PROGRAM Senior Companion Eligibility, Status, and Cost Reimbursements § 2551.46 What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?...

  13. 45 CFR 2551.46 - What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior...) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE SENIOR COMPANION PROGRAM Senior Companion Eligibility, Status, and Cost Reimbursements § 2551.46 What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?...

  14. 45 CFR 2551.46 - What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior...) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE SENIOR COMPANION PROGRAM Senior Companion Eligibility, Status, and Cost Reimbursements § 2551.46 What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?...

  15. 45 CFR 2551.46 - What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior...) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE SENIOR COMPANION PROGRAM Senior Companion Eligibility, Status, and Cost Reimbursements § 2551.46 What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?...

  16. 47 CFR 54.413 - Reimbursement for revenue forgone in offering a Link Up program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for revenue forgone in offering a... § 54.413 Reimbursement for revenue forgone in offering a Link Up program. (a) Eligible telecommunications carriers may receive universal service support reimbursement for the revenue they forgo...

  17. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  18. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  19. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  20. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  1. 48 CFR 32.110 - Payment of subcontractors under cost-reimbursement prime contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... under cost-reimbursement prime contracts. 32.110 Section 32.110 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Purchase Financing 32.110 Payment of subcontractors under cost-reimbursement prime contracts. If the contractor makes financing payments to a subcontractor under a cost-reimbursement prime contract,...

  2. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... SHELF General Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and... reproduction and processing costs separately from acquisition costs. (d) MMS will not reimburse you for...

  3. 30 CFR 550.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 550.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) BOEM will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  4. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a... and retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction...

  5. 30 CFR 550.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 550.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) BOEM will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  6. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a... and retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction...

  7. 30 CFR 550.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 550.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) BOEM will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  8. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) MMS will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  9. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a... and retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction...

  10. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  11. 45 CFR 1609.5 - Acceptance of reimbursement from a client.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acceptance of reimbursement from a client. 1609.5... CORPORATION FEE-GENERATING CASES § 1609.5 Acceptance of reimbursement from a client. (a) When a case results in recovery of damages or statutory benefits, a recipient may accept reimbursement from the...

  12. 45 CFR 2551.46 - What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior..., and Cost Reimbursements § 2551.46 What cost reimbursements are provided to Senior Companions? Cost... cost to themselves. The stipend is paid for the time Senior Companions spend with their...

  13. 42 CFR 405.515 - Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed by physicians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services... Criteria for Determining Reasonable Charges § 405.515 Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed... limitation on reimbursement for markups on clinical laboratory services billed by physicians. If a...

  14. 44 CFR 208.38 - Reimbursement for re-supply and logistics costs incurred during Activation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for re-supply... URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE RESPONSE SYSTEM Response Cooperative Agreements § 208.38 Reimbursement for re... this subpart, DHS will not reimburse costs incurred for re-supply and logistical support...

  15. 47 CFR 27.1182 - Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. 27.1182 Section 27.1182 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER....1182 Reimbursement under the Cost-Sharing Plan. (a) Registration of reimbursement rights. (1) To...

  16. Florida's Model of Nursing Home Medicaid Reimbursement for Disaster-Related Expenses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kali S.; Hyer, Kathryn; Brown, Lisa M.; Polivka-West, LuMarie; Branch, Laurence G.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This study describes Florida's model of Medicaid nursing home (NH) reimbursement to compensate NHs for disaster-related expenses incurred as a result of 8 hurricanes within a 2-year period. This Florida model can serve as a demonstration for a national model for disaster-related reimbursement. Design and Methods: Florida reimburses NHs…

  17. 42 CFR 405.515 - Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed by physicians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services... Criteria for Determining Reasonable Charges § 405.515 Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed... limitation on reimbursement for markups on clinical laboratory services billed by physicians. If a...

  18. The Effect of Incentives and Meta-incentives on the Evolution of Cooperation

    PubMed Central

    Okada, Isamu; Yamamoto, Hitoshi; Toriumi, Fujio; Sasaki, Tatsuya

    2015-01-01

    Although positive incentives for cooperators and/or negative incentives for free-riders in social dilemmas play an important role in maintaining cooperation, there is still the outstanding issue of who should pay the cost of incentives. The second-order free-rider problem, in which players who do not provide the incentives dominate in a game, is a well-known academic challenge. In order to meet this challenge, we devise and analyze a meta-incentive game that integrates positive incentives (rewards) and negative incentives (punishments) with second-order incentives, which are incentives for other players’ incentives. The critical assumption of our model is that players who tend to provide incentives to other players for their cooperative or non-cooperative behavior also tend to provide incentives to their incentive behaviors. In this paper, we solve the replicator dynamics for a simple version of the game and analytically categorize the game types into four groups. We find that the second-order free-rider problem is completely resolved without any third-order or higher (meta) incentive under the assumption. To do so, a second-order costly incentive, which is given individually (peer-to-peer) after playing donation games, is needed. The paper concludes that (1) second-order incentives for first-order reward are necessary for cooperative regimes, (2) a system without first-order rewards cannot maintain a cooperative regime, (3) a system with first-order rewards and no incentives for rewards is the worst because it never reaches cooperation, and (4) a system with rewards for incentives is more likely to be a cooperative regime than a system with punishments for incentives when the cost-effect ratio of incentives is sufficiently large. This solution is general and strong in the sense that the game does not need any centralized institution or proactive system for incentives. PMID:25974684

  19. The Effect of Incentives and Meta-incentives on the Evolution of Cooperation.

    PubMed

    Okada, Isamu; Yamamoto, Hitoshi; Toriumi, Fujio; Sasaki, Tatsuya

    2015-05-01

    Although positive incentives for cooperators and/or negative incentives for free-riders in social dilemmas play an important role in maintaining cooperation, there is still the outstanding issue of who should pay the cost of incentives. The second-order free-rider problem, in which players who do not provide the incentives dominate in a game, is a well-known academic challenge. In order to meet this challenge, we devise and analyze a meta-incentive game that integrates positive incentives (rewards) and negative incentives (punishments) with second-order incentives, which are incentives for other players' incentives. The critical assumption of our model is that players who tend to provide incentives to other players for their cooperative or non-cooperative behavior also tend to provide incentives to their incentive behaviors. In this paper, we solve the replicator dynamics for a simple version of the game and analytically categorize the game types into four groups. We find that the second-order free-rider problem is completely resolved without any third-order or higher (meta) incentive under the assumption. To do so, a second-order costly incentive, which is given individually (peer-to-peer) after playing donation games, is needed. The paper concludes that (1) second-order incentives for first-order reward are necessary for cooperative regimes, (2) a system without first-order rewards cannot maintain a cooperative regime, (3) a system with first-order rewards and no incentives for rewards is the worst because it never reaches cooperation, and (4) a system with rewards for incentives is more likely to be a cooperative regime than a system with punishments for incentives when the cost-effect ratio of incentives is sufficiently large. This solution is general and strong in the sense that the game does not need any centralized institution or proactive system for incentives. PMID:25974684

  20. Scaling Relative Incentive Value in Consummatory Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papini, Mauricio R.; Pellegrini, Santiago

    2006-01-01

    Surprising downshifts from more preferred (training incentive) to less preferred incentives (test incentive) are usually accompanied by emotional activation and suppression of conditioned behavior in rats. Two experiments were designed to determine whether consummatory behavior is similarly affected by downshifts of equal proportions. Within…

  1. Incentives for Excellence: Agendas and Arenas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gress, James R., Ed.

    The articles in this monograph focus on issues identified during participation in the U.S. Department of Education 1984 Teacher Incentive Structures Program, and the 1986 Project to Design Teacher Incentive Structures. Emphasis was on designing or adapting incentive structures for possible use in the school, community, or university. The following…

  2. A Demonstration of Incentives in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation.

    This report describes the methodology and results of the "incentives only" experiments at Mesa, Arizona and at Stockton, California. The incentives only experiment -- one facet of the performance contracting experiment -- involved contracting to provide incentives to teachers and students, rather than contracting with particular private technology…

  3. 45 CFR 304.12 - Incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incentive payments. 304.12 Section 304.12 Public... FEDERAL FINANCIAL PARTICIPATION § 304.12 Incentive payments. (a) Definitions. For the purposes of this... accordance with paragraphs (b)(4)(iii), (b)(4)(iv) and (b)(4)(v) of this section. (b) Incentive payments...

  4. 21 CFR 868.5690 - Incentive spirometer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Incentive spirometer. 868.5690 Section 868.5690...) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5690 Incentive spirometer. (a) Identification. An incentive spirometer is a device that indicates a patient's breathing volume or flow and...

  5. 12 CFR 708a.12 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.12 Section 708a.12... INSURED CREDIT UNIONS TO MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS § 708a.12 Voting incentives. If a converting credit union offers an incentive to encourage members to participate in the vote, including a prize raffle,...

  6. 20 CFR 638.519 - Incentives system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Incentives system. 638.519 Section 638.519... TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.519 Incentives system. The center operator shall establish and maintain its own incentives system for students in accordance with...

  7. Field Experiments of Family Planning Incentives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Everett M.

    A review of four quasi-experiments on family planning incentives in three Asian nations is presented, and a multi-national comparative field experiment on family planning incentives is proposed. Experiments include: (1) The Ernakulam vasectomy campaigns, (2) Indian Tea Estates retirement bond incentive program, (3) Taiwan educational bond…

  8. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  9. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  10. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  11. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  12. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  13. Designing Incentive Systems for Schools. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Performance Incentives, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In "Designing Incentive Systems for Schools"--a paper presented at the National Center on Performance Incentives research to policy conference in February--Derek Neal, professor of economics at the University of Chicago, discusses three challenges endemic to public schools that impact the design of incentive pay systems: (1) Defining the intended…

  14. Economics of periodontal care: market trends, competitive forces and incentives.

    PubMed

    Flemmig, Thomas F; Beikler, Thomas

    2013-06-01

    The adoption of new technologies for the treatment of periodontitis and the replacement of teeth has changed the delivery of periodontal care. The objective of this review was to conduct an economic analysis of a mature periodontal service market with a well-developed workforce, including general dentists, dental hygienists and periodontists. Publicly available information about the delivery of periodontal care in the USA was used. A strong trend toward increased utilization of nonsurgical therapy and decreased utilization of surgical periodontal therapy was observed. Although periodontal surgery remained the domain of periodontists, general dentists had taken over most of the nonsurgical periodontal care. The decline in surgical periodontal therapy was associated with an increased utilization of implant-supported prosthesis. Approximately equal numbers of implants were surgically placed by periodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and general dentists. Porter's framework of the forces driving industry competition was used to analyze the role of patients, dental insurances, general dentists, competitors, entrants, substitutes and suppliers in the periodontal service market. Estimates of out-of-pocket payments of self-pay and insured patients, reimbursement by dental insurances and providers' earnings for various periodontal procedures and alternative treatments were calculated. Economic incentives for providers may explain some of the observed shifts in the periodontal service market. Given the inherent uncertainty about treatment outcomes in dentistry, which makes clinical judgment critical, providers may yield to economic incentives without jeopardizing their ethical standards and professional norms. Although the economic analysis pertains to the USA, some considerations may also apply to other periodontal service markets. PMID:23574473

  15. 48 CFR 52.249-6 - Termination (Cost-Reimbursement).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Termination (Cost-Reimbursement). 52.249-6 Section 52.249-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.249-6 Termination...

  16. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE SERVICES... services are reductions of the cost to which they relate. (6) Bad debts growing out of the failure of a... furnished to beneficiaries. (f) Renal dialysis items and services furnished under the ESRD provision...

  17. 7 CFR 3015.84 - Request for advance or reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Request for advance or reimbursement. 3015.84 Section 3015.84 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE UNIFORM FEDERAL ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS Financial...

  18. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost reimbursement: General. 413.5 Section 413.5 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE...; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Introduction and...

  19. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost reimbursement: General. 413.5 Section 413.5 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE...; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Introduction and...

  20. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost reimbursement: General. 413.5 Section 413.5 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE...; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Introduction and...

  1. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost reimbursement: General. 413.5 Section 413.5 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE...; OPTIONAL PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Introduction and...

  2. 47 CFR 27.1233 - Reimbursement costs of transitioning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement costs of transitioning. 27.1233 Section 27.1233 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES Broadband Radio Service and Educational Broadband...

  3. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... govern travel expenses for Federal employees as authorized under 41 CFR chapter 301. If a State agency... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are...

  4. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... govern travel expenses for Federal employees as authorized under 41 CFR chapter 301. If a State agency... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are...

  5. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... govern travel expenses for Federal employees as authorized under 41 CFR chapter 301. If a State agency... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are...

  6. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... govern travel expenses for Federal employees as authorized under 41 CFR chapter 301. If a State agency... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are...

  7. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... govern travel expenses for Federal employees as authorized under 41 CFR chapter 301. If a State agency... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are...

  8. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Travel approvals and reimbursement. 2052.215-77 Section 2052.215-77 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 2052.215-77 Travel approvals...

  9. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  10. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  11. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... of any alternate costing method should consider the factors listed in paragraphs (b) through (g) of... with preliminary engineering, construction engineering, right-of-way, and force account construction... consistent with the provisions of 48 CFR part 31. (2) Costs not eligible for Federal reimbursement...

  12. Reimbursement for Medical Genetics Services: A Selected Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut Univ., Farmington. Div. of Human Genetics.

    This bibliography cites genetics literature identified during a project to investigate the issue of accessibility to genetics services through the reimbursement process. Citations represent both traditional published literature and such "fugitive literature" as unpublished manuscripts, government documents, service provider protocols, and health…

  13. 26 CFR 20.2205-1 - Reimbursement out of estate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... specific provisions giving the executor the right to reimbursement from life insurance beneficiaries and... 2207. These provisions, however, are not designed to curtail the right of the district director to... cannot be required to apportion the tax among the persons liable nor to enforce any right...

  14. 26 CFR 20.2205-1 - Reimbursement out of estate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... specific provisions giving the executor the right to reimbursement from life insurance beneficiaries and... 2207. These provisions, however, are not designed to curtail the right of the district director to... cannot be required to apportion the tax among the persons liable nor to enforce any right...

  15. 26 CFR 20.2205-1 - Reimbursement out of estate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... specific provisions giving the executor the right to reimbursement from life insurance beneficiaries and... 2207. These provisions, however, are not designed to curtail the right of the district director to... cannot be required to apportion the tax among the persons liable nor to enforce any right...

  16. 26 CFR 20.2205-1 - Reimbursement out of estate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... specific provisions giving the executor the right to reimbursement from life insurance beneficiaries and... 2207. These provisions, however, are not designed to curtail the right of the district director to... cannot be required to apportion the tax among the persons liable nor to enforce any right...

  17. 26 CFR 20.2205-1 - Reimbursement out of estate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... specific provisions giving the executor the right to reimbursement from life insurance beneficiaries and... 2207. These provisions, however, are not designed to curtail the right of the district director to... cannot be required to apportion the tax among the persons liable nor to enforce any right...

  18. 45 CFR 149.100 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS... reimbursement in the amount of 80 percent of the costs for health benefits (net of negotiated price concessions for health benefits) for claims incurred during the plan year that are attributed to health...

  19. 45 CFR 703.9 - Reimbursement of members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... that of suitable public transportation for the same trip unless special circumstances justify the... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement of members. 703.9 Section 703.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS...

  20. 45 CFR 703.9 - Reimbursement of members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... that of suitable public transportation for the same trip unless special circumstances justify the... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement of members. 703.9 Section 703.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS...

  1. 23 CFR 260.407 - Implementation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Implementation and reimbursement. 260.407 Section 260.407 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION NATIONAL HIGHWAY INSTITUTE EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS State Education and Training Programs § 260.407 Implementation...

  2. 77 FR 22786 - Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ...-07 (75 FR 72965, Nov. 29, 2010), ensures more timely updates in mileage reimbursement rates by GSA... adjusting the CY 2012 rates for the use of privately owned automobiles (POA), POAs when Government owned automobiles (GOA) are authorized, privately owned motorcycles, and privately owned airplanes. FTR Bulletin...

  3. 77 FR 37421 - Reimbursement Rates for Calendar Year 2012 Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-21

    ....) Corrections In the Federal Register of June 6, 2012, in FR Doc. 2012-13627, on page 33470, in the second... HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Reimbursement Rates for Calendar Year 2012 Correction AGENCY... care provided by Indian Health Service facilities for Calendar Year 2012 for Medicare and...

  4. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... consistent with the provisions of 48 CFR part 31. (2) Costs not eligible for Federal reimbursement include... facilities cannot be abandoned in place for aesthetic or safety reasons. When the utility facilities can be... of Management and Budget under control number 2125-0159)...

  5. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... consistent with the provisions of 48 CFR part 31. (2) Costs not eligible for Federal reimbursement include... facilities cannot be abandoned in place for aesthetic or safety reasons. When the utility facilities can be... of Management and Budget under control number 2125-0159)...

  6. 78 FR 7750 - Summer Food Service Program; 2013 Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-04

    ... School Lunch Act. The 2013 reimbursement rates are presented as a combined set of rates to highlight... National School Lunch Act (NSLA) and SFSP regulations under 7 CFR Part 225, the United States Department of... National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1758, 1761, and 1762a, respectively. Dated: January 29, 2013....

  7. 7 CFR 210.8 - Claims for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement Process for States and School... review of the lunch counting and claiming system employed by each school within the jurisdiction of the school food authority; comparisons of daily free, reduced price and paid lunch counts against data...

  8. 77 FR 5228 - Summer Food Service Program; 2012 Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ... School Lunch Act. The 2012 reimbursement rates are presented as a combined set of rates to highlight...)) and 13 (42 U.S.C. 1761) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (NSLA), and SFSP..., and 14, Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758, 1761, and 1762a,...

  9. 7 CFR 210.8 - Claims for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement Process for States and School... review of the lunch counting and claiming system employed by each school within the jurisdiction of the school food authority; comparisons of daily free, reduced price and paid lunch counts against data...

  10. 7 CFR 210.8 - Claims for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement Process for States and School... review of the lunch counting and claiming system employed by each school within the jurisdiction of the school food authority; comparisons of daily free, reduced price and paid lunch counts against data...

  11. 7 CFR 210.8 - Claims for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement Process for States and School... review of the lunch counting and claiming system employed by each school within the jurisdiction of the school food authority; comparisons of daily free, reduced price and paid lunch counts against data...

  12. 7 CFR 210.8 - Claims for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement Process for States and School... review of the lunch counting and claiming system employed by each school within the jurisdiction of the school food authority; comparisons of daily free, reduced price and paid lunch counts against data...

  13. 75 FR 3197 - Summer Food Service Program; 2010 Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... School Lunch Act. The 2010 reimbursement rates are presented as a combined set of rates to highlight... 13 (42 U.S.C. 1761) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (NSLA), and SFSP regulations... Authority: Sections 9, 13, and 14, Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, as amended (42 U.S.C....

  14. 36 CFR 64.15 - Financial reporting requirements and reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Financial reporting... RIGHTS-OF-WAY § 64.15 Financial reporting requirements and reimbursements. Payments to applicants will... Office. The Regions will forward to the Division of Budget and Finance in Washington, DC, the...

  15. 44 CFR 206.8 - Reimbursement of other Federal agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement of other Federal agencies. 206.8 Section 206.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE General §...

  16. 48 CFR 47.104-3 - Cost-reimbursement contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION General 47.104-3 Cost-reimbursement contracts. (a) 49 U.S.C. 10721 and... transportation costs are direct and allowable costs under the cost principles of Part 31. (b) 49 U.S.C. 10721 and... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false...

  17. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  18. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  19. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  20. 14 CFR § 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. § 1214.104 Section § 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S....

  1. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  2. 29 CFR 778.217 - Reimbursement for expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... included in the employee's regular rate (if the amount of the reimbursement reasonably approximates the... of expenses will not be regarded as part of the employee's regular rate: (1) The actual amount... is excludable from the regular rate. If the amount paid as “reimbursement” is...

  3. 29 CFR 778.217 - Reimbursement for expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... included in the employee's regular rate (if the amount of the reimbursement reasonably approximates the... of expenses will not be regarded as part of the employee's regular rate: (1) The actual amount... is excludable from the regular rate. If the amount paid as “reimbursement” is...

  4. 29 CFR 778.217 - Reimbursement for expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... included in the employee's regular rate (if the amount of the reimbursement reasonably approximates the... of expenses will not be regarded as part of the employee's regular rate: (1) The actual amount... is excludable from the regular rate. If the amount paid as “reimbursement” is...

  5. 29 CFR 778.217 - Reimbursement for expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursement for expenses. 778.217 Section 778.217 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS OVERTIME COMPENSATION Payments That May Be Excluded From the âRegular...

  6. 32 CFR 241.9 - Costs and reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Costs and reimbursements. 241.9 Section 241.9 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL (EFF. UNTIL...

  7. 3 CFR - Providing Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Providing Stability and Security for Medicare... Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements Memorandum for the Secretary of Health and Human Services I have today signed into law H.R. 3962, the “Preservation of Access to Care for...

  8. 41 CFR 101-39.207 - Reimbursement for services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01 true Reimbursement for services. 101-39.207 Section 101-39.207 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND...

  9. 45 CFR 149.100 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reinsurance Amounts § 149.100 Amount of reimbursement. (a) For each early retiree enrolled in a certified plan in a plan year, the sponsor...

  10. 45 CFR 149.100 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reinsurance Amounts § 149.100 Amount of reimbursement. (a) For each early retiree enrolled in a certified plan in a plan year, the sponsor...

  11. 45 CFR 149.100 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reinsurance Amounts § 149.100 Amount of reimbursement. (a) For each early retiree enrolled in a certified plan in a plan year, the sponsor...

  12. 45 CFR 149.100 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reinsurance Amounts § 149.100 Amount of reimbursement. (a) For each early retiree enrolled in a certified plan in a plan year, the sponsor...

  13. 10 CFR 140.22 - Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements. 140.22 Section 140.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS Provisions Applicable Only to Applicants and Licensees Other Than Federal Agencies and Nonprofit Educational Institutions §...

  14. 34 CFR 75.564 - Reimbursement of indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... accordance with the restrictions in 34 CFR 76.564 through 76.569. (e)(1) Indirect costs for a group of... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reimbursement of indirect costs. 75.564 Section 75.564 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DIRECT GRANT PROGRAMS What Conditions Must Be...

  15. 34 CFR 75.564 - Reimbursement of indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... accordance with the restrictions in 34 CFR 76.564 through 76.569. (e)(1) Indirect costs for a group of... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursement of indirect costs. 75.564 Section 75.564 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DIRECT GRANT PROGRAMS What Conditions Must Be...

  16. 34 CFR 75.564 - Reimbursement of indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... accordance with the restrictions in 34 CFR 76.564 through 76.569. (e)(1) Indirect costs for a group of... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reimbursement of indirect costs. 75.564 Section 75.564 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DIRECT GRANT PROGRAMS What Conditions Must Be...

  17. 34 CFR 75.564 - Reimbursement of indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... accordance with the restrictions in 34 CFR 76.564 through 76.569. (e)(1) Indirect costs for a group of... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursement of indirect costs. 75.564 Section 75.564 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DIRECT GRANT PROGRAMS What Conditions Must Be...

  18. 34 CFR 75.564 - Reimbursement of indirect costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... accordance with the restrictions in 34 CFR 76.564 through 76.569. (e)(1) Indirect costs for a group of... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursement of indirect costs. 75.564 Section 75.564 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DIRECT GRANT PROGRAMS What Conditions Must Be...

  19. Special Education Tuition Reimbursement Claims: An Empirical Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Thomas A.; Zirkel, Perry A.

    2001-01-01

    Using published court and hearing officer decisions regarding special education tuition reimbursement, this study found that the annual average number of such clams has increased over time, that there has been a significant difference in case outcomes between the administrative and judicial forums, but that differences in case outcomes did not…

  20. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  1. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  2. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  3. 5 CFR 537.109 - Employee reimbursements to the Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... determination under 5 CFR part 731; or (2) The employee leaves the paying agency voluntarily to enter into the.... 5514 and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, or through the appropriate provisions governing Federal debt... REGULATIONS REPAYMENT OF STUDENT LOANS § 537.109 Employee reimbursements to the Government. (a) An employee...

  4. A comparative study of current Medicaid prescription reimbursement (MAC/EAC) (maximum allowable cost/estimated acquisition cost) with prescription reimbursement based on a competitive market.

    PubMed

    Porter, B H; Carroll, N V; Kotzan, J A

    1988-01-01

    Many pharmacists have suggested that the current Maximum Allowable Cost/Estimated Acquisition Cost (MAC/EAC) program has departed from its intended purpose of generating savings by taking full but fair advantage of the competitive marketplace. The objective of this study was to compare Medicaid prescription reimbursement under current MAC/EAC regulations with prescription reimbursement based on a competitive market. Data representing the top selling single source and multiple source drug products for nine states were analyzed. Results indicated that the current MAC/EAC system of Medicaid reimbursement produced a small savings when compared to reimbursement based on a competitive market. PMID:10303401

  5. Is what's good for the patient good for the hospital? Aligning incentives and the business case for nursing.

    PubMed

    Needleman, Jack

    2008-05-01

    This article examines the social and business case for quality related to nursing and the need to restructure incentives to align the interests of the hospital and payers with the interests of the patients. Increasing the proportion of nurses who are registered nurses is associated with net cost savings. Increasing both nursing hours and the proportion of nurses who are registered nurses would result in improved quality and fewer deaths (creating a social case for improved staffing) but would be associated with small cost increases. Cost offsets associated with reduced turnover because of higher staffing would reduce the net cost increase but not result in savings. Under current reimbursement systems, hospitals that increase nurse staffing to improve patient outcomes will likely lose money as a result. Current proposals for pay for performance would create limited incentives for improving hospital nursing care. PMID:18650412

  6. Financial incentives and physicians' prescription decisions on the choice between brand-name and generic drugs: evidence from Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ya-Ming; Yang, Yea-Huei Kao; Hsieh, Chee-Ruey

    2009-03-01

    This paper tests the hypothesis of whether or not financial incentives affect a physician's prescription decision on the choice of generic versus brand-name drugs within a system in which physicians prescribe and dispense drugs. By using data obtained from Taiwan and focusing on diabetic patients, our empirical results provide several consistent findings in support of the hypothesis that profit incentives do affect the physician's prescribing decision, suggesting that physicians act as imperfect agents. An important implication of our findings is that rent seeking for profit margin between the reimbursement and the acquisition price instead of reducing costs is the major driving force behind generic substitution. As a result, the providers instead of the payers or consumers reap the financial benefits of generic substitution. PMID:19091433

  7. Cost accounting and public reimbursement schemes in Spanish hospitals.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Martínez, Fernando; Abellán-Perpiñán, José-María; Martínez-Pérez, Jorge-Eduardo; Puig-Junoy, Jaume

    2006-08-01

    The objective of this paper is to provide a description and analysis of the main costing and pricing (reimbursement) systems employed by hospitals in the Spanish National Health System (NHS). Hospitals cost calculations are mostly based on a full costing approach as opposite to other systems like direct costing or activity based costing. Regional and hospital differences arise on the method used to allocate indirect costs to cost centres and also on the approach used to measure resource consumption. Costs are typically calculated by disaggregating expenditure and allocating it to cost centres, and then to patients and DRGs. Regarding public reimbursement systems, the impression is that unit costs are ignored, except for certain type of high technology processes and treatments. PMID:17016928

  8. Incentives for reducing emissions in Krakow

    SciTech Connect

    Uberman, R.; Pierce, B.; Lazecki, A.

    1994-06-01

    This effort is identifying, specific incentives that may be used by Krakow city officials to encourage, residents to change the way they heat their homes and businesses in order to reduce pollution. This paper describes the incentives study for converting small coal or coke-fired boilers to gas in the Old Town area. A similar study looked at incentives for expanding the district heating system and future analyses will be performed for home stove options.

  9. Special report on reimbursement. Medicare program abandons 1986 malpractice rule.

    PubMed

    Manning, M M

    1992-01-01

    Hospitals with claims "properly pending" before fiscal intermediaries or in the courts need do nothing in order to obtain corrected reimbursement for fiscal years so pending. However, to speed processing of corrected reimbursements for fiscal years pending in appeals before the PRRB, hospitals should request that the Board determine its jurisdiction and remand to the fiscal intermediary for payment as soon as possible. It will be helpful to include with any such request a copy of the notice of program reimbursement and the original appeal letter for each fiscal year under appeal. Despite the fact that HCFA Ruling 91-1 effectively concedes that HCFA has applied an invalid regulation to all fiscal years since May 1, 1986, HCFA counsel have stated that HCFA will not permit reopening of closed cost reports to correct the inappropriate apportionment of malpractice insurance costs. Nevertheless, hospitals that do not presently have a claim or appeal pending have several options. Under the Provider Reimbursement Manual, HIM-15, sections 2930-2931, fiscal intermediaries are required to reopen cost reports filed within the three-year reopening period to correct errors. Accordingly, should a fiscal intermediary deny a provider's reopening request, the provider should seriously consider taking an appeal to the PRRB. The PRRB's jurisdiction to review fiscal intermediary denials of requests to reopen cost reports was affirmed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, see State of Oregon v. Bowen, 854 F.2d 346 (9th Cir. 1988), a decision that is controlling in California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Montana, Idaho, Hawaii, Alaska, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:10117365

  10. Market incentives and pharmaceutical innovation.

    PubMed

    Yin, Wesley

    2008-07-01

    I study the impact of the Orphan Drug Act (ODA), which established tax incentives for rare disease drug development. I examine the flow of new clinical drug trials for a large set of rare diseases. Among more prevalent rare diseases, the ODA led to a significant and sustained increase in new trials. The impact for less prevalent rare diseases was limited to an increase in the stock of drugs. Tax credits can stimulate R & D; yet because they leave revenue margins unaffected, tax credits appear to have a more limited impact on private innovation in markets with smaller revenue potential. PMID:18395277

  11. Breast Cancer Surgery and Financial Reimbursement in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Hoffmann, Juergen; Wallwiener, Diethelm

    2012-01-01

    The reimbursement for breast cancer-specific operative interventions in Germany is regulated by the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system. The essential elements of the German DRG system, which was developed as a per-case lump-sum payment system, are presented, including the participating institutions. The actual treatment situation in breast cancer surgery is now aptly reflected in the introduction of the OPS (operation and treatment procedure classification) 2012. This is oriented on the classification model of Hoffmann and Wallwiener, with its complexity-based differentiation that reflects the basic idea of different resource usage. Despite the actual potential of the appropriately differentiated encryption of surgical procedures, which illustrates their differences in resource costs and consumption, appropriate reimbursement has still not been achieved. Hopefully, in the future the calculation of the DRGs in the field of breast cancer surgery will be based on data feedback from the hospitals and treatment institutions, and will be more suited to the main purpose of the DRG system, i.e. that reimbursement reflects resource expenditure. A necessary basic tool for differentiated, complexity-oriented encryption has been achieved with the OPS 2012, which mirrors our classification model for oncological, oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgery. PMID:24647777

  12. Hospitalization Among Medicare-Reimbursed Skilled Home Health Recipients

    PubMed Central

    O’Connor, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a summary and critique of the published empirical evidence between the years 2002 and 2011 regarding rehospitalization among Medicare-reimbursed, skilled home health recipients. The knowledge gained will be applied to a discussion regarding ACH among geriatric home health recipients and areas for future research. The referenced literature in MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane databases was searched using combinations of the following search terms: home care and home health and Medicare combined with acute care hospitalization, rehospitalization, hospitalization, and adverse events and limited to studies conducted in the United States. Twenty-five research studies published in the last eight years investigated hospitalization among patients receiving Medicare-reimbursed, skilled home health. Empirical findings indicate telehomecare can reduce hospitalizations and emergency room use. The identification of risk factors for hospitalization relate to an elder’s sociodemographic, clinical and functional status that can be identified upon admission and interventions taken in order to reduce hospitalizations. Disease management, frontloading nurse visits, the structure of home health services and OBQI are also among the interventions identified to reduce hospitalizations. However, the body of evidence is limited by a paucity of research and the over reliance on small sample sizes. Few published studies have explored methods that effectively reduce hospitalization among Medicare-reimbursed skilled home health recipients. Further research is needed to clarify the most effective ways to structure home health services to maximize benefits and reduce hospitalization among this chronically ill geriatric population. PMID:26709341

  13. Managing up to maximize medicare reimbursement for outpatient care.

    PubMed

    Bowden, K

    2001-10-01

    An example of managing up through participation in a multidisciplinary team tasked with maximizing reimbursement under the Medicare ambulatory patient classification (APC) system is described. Medicare's new system of payment for hospital outpatient services replaces the cost-based reimbursement model of the past with a technical payment based on the outpatient evaluation and management level. Individual institutions are responsible for developing criteria for defining technical visit levels. Managers at the New England Medical Center formed a team to develop these criteria. The team outlined components of the patient visit that qualified as technical costs, such as the use of space at a facility, medical and surgical supplies, and nonphysician professional services. Team members then contacted each of the center's clinics to identify specific services that met these criteria. After formulating the technical visit level criteria, the team determined who would assign the technical visit level, wrote policies and procedures, and trained staff. The APC team also assessed billing procedures, focusing particularly on the accuracy of the charge master and the use of proper codes and billing units for pass-through drugs. The team continues to monitor its results by reviewing payments received from Medicare and auditing high-risk areas. The APC team used the principles of managing up to maximize Medicare reimbursement for outpatient visits. PMID:11592351

  14. 48 CFR 16.402-1 - Cost incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost incentives. 16.402-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-1 Cost incentives. (a) Most incentive contracts include only cost incentives, which take the form of a profit or fee adjustment formula and...

  15. 48 CFR 49.115 - Settlement of terminated incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... incentive contracts. 49.115 Section 49.115 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... incentive contracts. (a) Fixed-price incentive contracts. The TCO shall settle terminated fixed-price incentive (FPI) contracts under the provisions of paragraph (j) of the clause at 52.216-16, Incentive...

  16. 45 CFR 305.31 - Amount of incentive payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amount of incentive payment. 305.31 Section 305.31... PROGRAM PERFORMANCE MEASURES, STANDARDS, FINANCIAL INCENTIVES, AND PENALTIES § 305.31 Amount of incentive payment. (a) The incentive payment for a State for a fiscal year is equal to the incentive payment...

  17. 48 CFR 16.402-1 - Cost incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost incentives. 16.402-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-1 Cost incentives. (a) Most incentive contracts include only cost incentives, which take the form of a profit or fee adjustment formula and...

  18. 48 CFR 16.402-1 - Cost incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost incentives. 16.402-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-1 Cost incentives. (a) Most incentive contracts include only cost incentives, which take the form of a profit or fee adjustment formula and...

  19. 48 CFR 16.402-1 - Cost incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost incentives. 16.402-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-1 Cost incentives. (a) Most incentive contracts include only cost incentives, which take the form of a profit or fee adjustment formula and...

  20. Incentives for telehealthcare deployment that support integrated care: a comparative analysis across eight European countries

    PubMed Central

    Lluch, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Health care systems are struggling to deal with the increasing demands of an older population. In an attempt to find a solution to these demands, there has been a shift towards integrated care supported by information and communication technologies. However, little is understood about the role played by incentives and reimbursement schemes in the development of integrated care and information and communication technologies uptake. The objective of this paper is to investigate this question, specifically as regards telehealthcare. Methods In order to identify the deployment of telehealthcare applications and their role in supporting integrated care, a case study approach was used. A clustering exercise was carried out and eight European countries were selected for in-depth study: Denmark, Estonia, Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK. In total, 31 telehealthcare initiatives across eight countries involving over 20,000 patients were investigated. Results Reflecting on specific examples in each initiative, drivers promoting integrated care delivery supported by telehealthcare mainstreaming and associated incentive mechanisms were identified. Attention was also paid to other factors which acted as barriers for widespread deployment. Discussion and conclusions Trends towards telehealthcare mainstreaming were found in Denmark, the UK, and in some regions of Spain, Italy and France. Mainstreaming often went hand-in-hand with progress towards integrated care delivery and payment reforms. A general trend was found towards outcomes-based payments and bundled payment schemes, which aimed to promote integrated care supported by telehealthcare deployment. Their effectiveness in achieving these goals remains to be seen. In addition, a form of outpatient diagnostic-related group reimbursement for telehealthcare services was found to have emerged in a few countries. However, it is questionable how this incentive could promote integrated care

  1. Overconfidence, Incentives and Digit Ratio.

    PubMed

    Neyse, Levent; Bosworth, Steven; Ring, Patrick; Schmidt, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    This paper contributes to a better understanding of the biological underpinnings of overconfidence by analyzing performance predictions in the Cognitive Reflection Test with and without monetary incentives. In line with the existing literature we find that the participants are too optimistic about their performance on average; incentives lead to higher performance; and males score higher than females on this particular task. The novelty of this paper is an analysis of the relation between participants' performance prediction accuracy and their second to fourth digit ratio. It has been reported that the digit ratio is a negatively correlated bio-marker of prenatal testosterone exposure. In the un-incentivized treatment, we find that males with low digit ratios, on average, are significantly more overconfident about their performance. In the incentivized treatment, however, we observe that males with low digit ratios, on average, are less overconfident about their performance. These effects are not observed in females. We discuss how these findings fit into the literature on testosterone and decision making and how they might help to explain seemingly opposing evidence. PMID:27039893

  2. Overconfidence, Incentives and Digit Ratio

    PubMed Central

    Neyse, Levent; Bosworth, Steven; Ring, Patrick; Schmidt, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    This paper contributes to a better understanding of the biological underpinnings of overconfidence by analyzing performance predictions in the Cognitive Reflection Test with and without monetary incentives. In line with the existing literature we find that the participants are too optimistic about their performance on average; incentives lead to higher performance; and males score higher than females on this particular task. The novelty of this paper is an analysis of the relation between participants’ performance prediction accuracy and their second to fourth digit ratio. It has been reported that the digit ratio is a negatively correlated bio-marker of prenatal testosterone exposure. In the un-incentivized treatment, we find that males with low digit ratios, on average, are significantly more overconfident about their performance. In the incentivized treatment, however, we observe that males with low digit ratios, on average, are less overconfident about their performance. These effects are not observed in females. We discuss how these findings fit into the literature on testosterone and decision making and how they might help to explain seemingly opposing evidence. PMID:27039893

  3. Impact of alternative reimbursement strategies in the new cooperative medical scheme on caesarean delivery rates: a mixed-method study in rural China

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The rate of caesarean delivery (CD) in rural China has been rapidly increasing in recent decades. Due to the exorbitant costs associated with CD, paying for this expensive procedure is often a great challenge for the majority of rural families. Since 2003, the Chinese government has re-established the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS), aimed to improve the access of essential healthcare to rural residents and reduce financial burden owing to high out of pocket payments. This paper seeks to test the hypothesis that NCMS may provide service users and providers with financial incentives to select CD. It also assesses the effect of different health insurance reimbursement strategies of NCMS on CD rates in rural China. Methods Mixed quantitative and qualitative methods were adopted for data collection. Two cross-sectional household surveys were conducted with women having babies delivered in 2006 and 2009; 2326 and 1515 women, respectively, from the study sites were interviewed using structured questionnaires, to collect demographic and socio-economic data, maternal and child care characteristics and health-related expenditures. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth key informant interviews (KIIs) were undertaken with policy makers, health managers, providers and mothers to understand their perceptions of the influence of NCMS on the choices of delivery mode. Results The CD rates in the two study counties were 46.0 percent and 64.7 percent in 2006, increasing to 63.6 percent and 82.1 percent, respectively, in 2009. The study found that decisions on the selection of CD largely came from the pregnant women. Logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for socio-economic, maternal and fetal characteristics, did not indicate a significant effect of either proportional reimbursement or fixed amount reimbursement on the choice of CD for both study years. Interviews with stakeholders reflected that different reimbursable rates for CD and vaginal

  4. The effect of case-mix adjustment on admission-based reimbursement.

    PubMed Central

    Kinzer, D; Warner, M

    1983-01-01

    This paper addresses two questions: (1) Does adjusting for case mix have any effect on prospective admission-based reimbursement? and (2) How does the way in which case type is defined (DRG, ICD9CM, Age, etc) affect reimbursement systems? Data from 20 Maryland hospitals provided the basis for analysis, and the results illustrate how hospital reimbursement is affected under alternative definitions of case type (including no case type), showing highly significant variation. Implications for cost control and existing and proposed prospective reimbursement systems are discussed. Images Figure 5 PMID:6409840

  5. Re-naming and re-gaming: Medicare's doomed attempt to reform reimbursement for injectable drugs.

    PubMed

    Kleinke, J D

    2004-01-01

    Hastily crafted provisions in the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003, intended to reform the government's flawed method for reimbursing providers who administer injectable drugs, will exacerbate existing economic and clinical problems instead of resolving them. The new provisions recast Medicare's traditional drug reimbursement system; increase temptations for physicians to overuse injectable drugs; and promise to aggravate the economic problems Congress attempted to fix with the new law. Medicare can resolve these problems by reimbursing providers for injectable drugs based on their actual acquisition cost rather than on estimates embedded in a complex drug reimbursement system. PMID:15590722

  6. 32 CFR 623.6 - Reimbursement for loan of Army materiel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... element will absorb initial costs (within existing fund availability). Reimbursement will be coordinated... commercial rates or computed by sound commercial accounting practices including a return on...

  7. Building on Student Achievement through Incentive Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Saneik

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine if incentive programs like Renaissance impact high school students and faculty. Incentives can go a long way for students in schools. At Lehigh Senior High School (LSHS), for example, students were introduced to the Renaissance Program this school year, by receiving goodies. Coupons at Dairy Queen,…

  8. 75 FR 30007 - Teacher Incentive Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... Education published in the Federal Register (75 FR 28740) a notice inviting applications for new awards for FY 2010 (NIA) for the Teacher Incentive Fund. This notice makes a correction to the May 21 NIA. FOR... Teacher Incentive Fund Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Numbers: 84.385 and 84.374....

  9. DEVELOPMENT OF INCENTIVE VALUES IN CHILDHOOD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WITRYOL, SAM L.; AND OTHERS

    THE USE OF REWARDS AS INCENTIVES TO INFLUENCE BEHAVIOR WAS STUDIED AND AN EVALUATION WAS MADE OF THE INCENTIVE VALUE OF EACH OF THE REWARDS. PORTABLE VERSIONS OF THE WISCONSIN GENERAL TEST APPARATUS WERE USED TO TEST 120 CHILDREN FROM GRADES 1, 3, AND 5. FOR A DISCRIMINATION LEARNING TEST EACH CHILD WAS PRESENTED 5 STIMULI THAT WERE SELECTED FROM…

  10. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  11. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  12. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  13. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  14. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  15. Scaling Relative Incentive Value in Anticipatory Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellegrini, Santiago; Papini, Mauricio R.

    2007-01-01

    Papini and Pellegrini (Papini, M. R., & Pellegrini, S. "Scaling relative incentive value in consummatory behavior." "Learning and Motivation", in press) observed that, within limits, the level of consummatory responding of rats exposed to incentive downshifts in the concentration of sucrose solutions was similar when the ratio of test/training…

  16. 36 CFR 906.7 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Incentives. 906.7 Section 906.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICY AND PROCEDURE Development Program § 906.7 Incentives. (a) At the request of the developer, the Corporation may agree to deferral of a...

  17. 36 CFR 906.7 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Incentives. 906.7 Section 906.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICY AND PROCEDURE Development Program § 906.7 Incentives. (a) At the request of the developer, the Corporation may agree to deferral of a...

  18. 36 CFR 906.7 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incentives. 906.7 Section 906.7 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICY AND PROCEDURE Development Program § 906.7 Incentives. (a) At the request of the developer,...

  19. 43 CFR 3103.4 - Production incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Production incentives. 3103.4 Section 3103..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING Fees, Rentals and Royalty § 3103.4 Production incentives....

  20. 4 CFR 4.4 - Incentive awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Incentive awards. 4.4 Section 4.4 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE AND UTILIZATION § 4.4 Incentive awards. The provisions of chapter 45 of title 5, United States Code and Office of Personnel Management...

  1. 4 CFR 4.4 - Incentive awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Incentive awards. 4.4 Section 4.4 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE AND UTILIZATION § 4.4 Incentive awards. The provisions of chapter 45 of title 5, United States Code and Office of Personnel Management...

  2. 4 CFR 4.4 - Incentive awards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Incentive awards. 4.4 Section 4.4 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE AND UTILIZATION § 4.4 Incentive awards. The provisions of chapter 45 of title 5, United States Code and Office of Personnel Management...

  3. 12 CFR 708a.12 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.12 Section 708a.12 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS BANK CONVERSIONS AND MERGERS Conversion of Insured Credit Unions to Mutual Savings Banks § 708a.12 Voting incentives. If a converting credit union offers...

  4. 20 CFR 638.519 - Incentives system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Incentives system. 638.519 Section 638.519 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.519 Incentives system. The...

  5. Using Exam Bonus Points as Incentive for Research Participation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrari, Joseph R.; McGowan, Stephanie

    2002-01-01

    Examines the use of an incentive program for motivating students. Offers examination bonus points to students as an incentive to finish their required participation in department-wide research. Finds that the incentive program benefited teachers, students, and researchers. (CMK)

  6. 48 CFR 1816.402-2 - Performance incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Performance incentives... ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1816.402-2 Performance incentives....

  7. The Impact of Lottery Incentives on Student Survey Response Rates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Stephen R.; Whitcomb, Michael E.

    2003-01-01

    A controlled experiment tested the effects of lottery incentives using a prospective college applicant Web survey, with emails sent to more than 9,000 high school students. Found minimal effect of postpaid incentives for increasing levels of incentive. (EV)

  8. Incentive contracts for development projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finley, David T.; Smith, Byron; DeGroff, B.

    2012-09-01

    Finding a contract vehicle that balances the concerns of the customer and the contractor in a development project can be difficult. The customer wants a low price and an early delivery, with as few surprises as possible as the project progresses. The contractor wants sufficient cost and schedule to cover risk. Both want to clearly define what each party will provide. Many program offices do not want to award cost plus contracts because their funding sources will not allow it, their boards do not want an open ended commitment, and they feel like they lose financial control of the project. A fixed price incentive contract, with a mutually agreed upon target cost, provides the owner with visibility into the project and input into the execution of the project, encourages both parties to save costs, and stimulates a collaborative atmosphere by aligning the respective interests of customers and contractors.

  9. Incentives required to drive change.

    PubMed

    Corbett, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    The authors of "Chartbook: Shining a Light on the Quality of Healthcare in Canada," focus on building a Canadian healthcare performance baseline, highlighting opportunities to improve the system and then raising policy questions. This is a thoughtful approach to gaining awareness of the relative performance across the Canadian healthcare system. In essence, it is necessary to first establish a felt need, identify areas to improve and then ensure the system will implement the necessary changes to improve. The authors build a reasonable case for why improvements are necessary, and they identify key barriers that must be removed to actually realize improvements and offer a wide range of policy recommendations. However, not all of these recommendations are focused on the key point of ensuring that there are incentives in place to drive participants to implement changes. PMID:22543330

  10. Proton Therapy Expansion Under Current United States Reimbursement Models

    SciTech Connect

    Kerstiens, John; Johnstone, Peter A.S.

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To determine whether all the existing and planned proton beam therapy (PBT) centers in the United States can survive on a local patient mix that is dictated by insurers, not by number of patients. Methods and Materials: We determined current and projected cancer rates for 10 major US metropolitan areas. Using published utilization rates, we calculated patient percentages who are candidates for PBT. Then, on the basis of current published insurer coverage policies, we applied our experience of what would be covered to determine the net number of patients for whom reimbursement is expected. Having determined the net number of covered patients, we applied our average beam delivery times to determine the total number of minutes needed to treat that patient over the course of their treatment. We then calculated our expected annual patient capacity per treatment room to determine the appropriate number of treatment rooms for the area. Results: The population of patients who will be both PBT candidates and will have treatments reimbursed by insurance is significantly smaller than the population who should receive PBT. Coverage decisions made by insurers reduce the number of PBT rooms that are economically viable. Conclusions: The expansion of PBT centers in the US is not sustainable under the current reimbursement model. Viability of new centers will be limited to those operating in larger regional metropolitan areas, and few metropolitan areas in the US can support multiple centers. In general, 1-room centers require captive (non–PBT-served) populations of approximately 1,000,000 lives to be economically viable, and a large center will require a population of >4,000,000 lives. In areas with smaller populations or where or a PBT center already exists, new centers require subsidy.

  11. Changing Patient Classification System for Hospital Reimbursement in Romania

    PubMed Central

    Radu, Ciprian-Paul; Chiriac, Delia Nona; Vladescu, Cristian

    2010-01-01

    Aim To evaluate the effects of the change in the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system on patient morbidity and hospital financial performance in the Romanian public health care system. Methods Three variables were assessed before and after the classification switch in July 2007: clinical outcomes, the case mix index, and hospital budgets, using the database of the National School of Public Health and Health Services Management, which contains data regularly received from hospitals reimbursed through the Romanian DRG scheme (291 in 2009). Results The lack of a Romanian system for the calculation of cost-weights imposed the necessity to use an imported system, which was criticized by some clinicians for not accurately reflecting resource consumption in Romanian hospitals. The new DRG classification system allowed a more accurate clinical classification. However, it also exposed a lack of physicians’ knowledge on diagnosing and coding procedures, which led to incorrect coding. Consequently, the reported hospital morbidity changed after the DRG switch, reflecting an increase in the national case mix index of 25% in 2009 (compared with 2007). Since hospitals received the same reimbursement over the first two years after the classification switch, the new DRG system led them sometimes to change patients' diagnoses in order to receive more funding. Conclusion Lack of oversight of hospital coding and reporting to the national reimbursement scheme allowed the increase in the case mix index. The complexity of the new classification system requires more resources (human and financial), better monitoring and evaluation, and improved legislation in order to achieve better hospital resource allocation and more efficient patient care. PMID:20564769

  12. Role of budget impact in drug reimbursement decisions.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Joshua Parsons; Stolk, Elly; Niezen, Maartje

    2008-04-01

    There are three known criteria that underlie drug reimbursement decisions: therapeutic value, cost-effectiveness, and burden of disease. However, evidence from recent reimbursement decisions in several jurisdictions points to residual, unexplained variables, among which is budget impact. Budget impact refers to the total costs that drug reimbursement and use entail with respect to one part of the health care system, pharmaceutical care, or to the entire health care system, taking into account the possible reallocation of resources across budgets or sectors of the health care system. The economic and equity rationale for carrying out budget impact analyses is opportunity cost, or benefits forgone, measured in terms of utility or equitable distribution, by using resources in one way rather than another. In other words, by choosing to draw down the budget in one way, decision makers forgo other opportunities to use the same resources. Under a set of unrealistic assumptions, cost-effectiveness analysis accounts for opportunity cost while conveying to the decision maker the price of maximizing health gains, subject to a budget or resource constraint. However, the underlying assumptions are implausible, particularly in the context of pharmaceutical care. Moreover, budget impact analysis is more useful to the decision maker than cost-effectiveness analysis if the objective is not to maximize health gains subject to a budget or resource constraint, but to reduce variance in health gains. With respect to equitable distribution, budget impact analyses lay bare the individuals or groups who lose out - those who bear the opportunity cost of spending resources in accordance with one decision rule rather than another. PMID:18325899

  13. Developing reimbursable clinical pharmacy programs: pharmacokinetic dosing service.

    PubMed

    Moore, T D; Schneider, P J; Nold, E G

    1979-11-01

    The development, operation and evaluation of a pharmacy-conducted pharmacokinetic dosing service is described. Pharmacists recommend individualized drug dosing regimens based on pharmacokinetic models and equations clinically tested for accuracy by the pharmacy department. Pharmacokinetic values are determined with the aid of online computer programs developed by the department. Drug assays are provided by the hospital's laboratory. All of the department's pharmacists were trained to provide the 24-hour service. The pharmacy department's $20 pharmacokinetic dosing service fee is reimbursed by Blue Cross. The pharmacokinetic dosing service is the first nonteaching, nonproduct-oriented pharmaceutical service whose cost-effectiveness has been recognized by a third-party payer. PMID:517538

  14. Evidence, Quality, Costs, and Reimbursement: 
Connecting the Dots.

    PubMed

    Jevsevar, David S; Karl, John W; Bhandari, Mohit; Bozic, Kevin J; Piasio, Mark A; Weinstein, Stuart L

    2016-01-01

    Healthcare costs in the United States continue to rise, and substantial variations in the type, quality, and location of that care persist. It is critically important for all healthcare stakeholders to address and define value in orthopaedic care delivery. Evidence-based orthopaedic care delivery, reliable quality and performance measurement, and the delivery of the best care at the lowest cost are the key strategies to improve the value of musculoskeletal care. A failure to implement these strategies could negatively affect the reimbursement of all healthcare providers--at both the private and government payer levels. PMID:27049221

  15. 48 CFR 1428.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 1428.311 Section 1428.311... under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  16. A Neural Computational Model of Incentive Salience

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Jun; Berridge, Kent C.; Tindell, Amy J.; Smith, Kyle S.; Aldridge, J. Wayne

    2009-01-01

    Incentive salience is a motivational property with ‘magnet-like’ qualities. When attributed to reward-predicting stimuli (cues), incentive salience triggers a pulse of ‘wanting’ and an individual is pulled toward the cues and reward. A key computational question is how incentive salience is generated during a cue re-encounter, which combines both learning and the state of limbic brain mechanisms. Learning processes, such as temporal-difference models, provide one way for stimuli to acquire cached predictive values of rewards. However, empirical data show that subsequent incentive values are also modulated on the fly by dynamic fluctuation in physiological states, altering cached values in ways requiring additional motivation mechanisms. Dynamic modulation of incentive salience for a Pavlovian conditioned stimulus (CS or cue) occurs during certain states, without necessarily requiring (re)learning about the cue. In some cases, dynamic modulation of cue value occurs during states that are quite novel, never having been experienced before, and even prior to experience of the associated unconditioned reward in the new state. Such cases can include novel drug-induced mesolimbic activation and addictive incentive-sensitization, as well as natural appetite states such as salt appetite. Dynamic enhancement specifically raises the incentive salience of an appropriate CS, without necessarily changing that of other CSs. Here we suggest a new computational model that modulates incentive salience by integrating changing physiological states with prior learning. We support the model with behavioral and neurobiological data from empirical tests that demonstrate dynamic elevations in cue-triggered motivation (involving natural salt appetite, and drug-induced intoxication and sensitization). Our data call for a dynamic model of incentive salience, such as presented here. Computational models can adequately capture fluctuations in cue-triggered ‘wanting’ only by

  17. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  18. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  19. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  20. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...