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1

Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management -Proceedings of the European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2011 -European Safety and Reliability Conference: Advances in Safety, Reliability and  

E-print Network

businesses are Small or Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) (Altares, 2010). Failure is considered here management approach within an SME (Small or Me- dium-sized Enterprise) requires reconsideration of enduring within SMEs, and specifically with- in micro and small businesses (defined by EU regu- lation 2003/361/EC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

2

Risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical devices are required to be safe and effective before they are commercially marketed. However, there have been reports of adverse events, even deaths, due to unforeseen design efforts. How can biomedical engineers minimize potential hazards to users and operators? Risk management is an essential engineering skill that all biomedical engineers should understand and use aggressively. Risk management is the

G. Bartoo

2003-01-01

3

Reliability of objects in aerospace technologies and beyond: Holistic risk management approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A “ high level” , deductive-reasoning-based (“ holistic” ), approach is aimed at the direct analysis of the behavior of a system as a whole, rather than with an attempt to understand the system's behavior by conducting first a “ low level” , inductive-reasoning-based, analysis of the behavior and the contributions of the system's elements. The holistic view on treatment is widely accepted in medical practice, and “ holistic health” concept upholds that all the aspects of people's needs (psychological, physical or social), should be seen as a whole, and that a disease is caused by the combined effect of physical, emotional, spiritual, social and environmental imbalances. Holistic reasoning is applied in our analysis to model the behavior of engineering products (“ species” ) subjected to various economic, marketing, and reliability “ health” factors. Vehicular products (cars, aircraft, boats, etc.), e.g., might be still robust enough, but could be out-of-date, or functionally obsolete, or their further use might be viewed as unjustifiably expensive. High-level-performance functions (HLPF) are the essential feature of the approach. HLPFs are, in effect, “ signatures” of the “ species” of interest. The HLPFs describe, in a “ holistic” , and certainly in a probabilistic, way, numerous complex multi-dependable relations among the representatives of the “ species” under consideration. ; umerous inter-related “ stresses” , both actual (“ physical” ) and nonphysical, which affect the probabilistic predictions are inherently being taken into account by the HLPFs. There is no need, and might even be counter-productive, to conduct tedious, time- and labor-consuming experimentations and to invest significant amount of time and resources to accumulate “ representative statistics” to predict - he governing probabilistic characteristics of the system behavior, such as, e.g., life expectancy of a particular type of products. “ Species” of military aircraft, commercial aircraft and private cars have been chosen in our analysis as illustrations of the fruitfulness of the “ holistic” approach. The obtained data show that both commercial “ species” exhibit similar “ survival dynamics” in compare with those of the military species of aircraft: lifetime distributions were found to be Weibull distributions for all “ species” however for commercial vehicles, the shape parameters were a little higher than 2, and scale parameters were 19.8 years (aircraft) and 21.7 (cars) whereas for military aircraft, the shape parameters were much higher and the mean time to failure much longer. The difference between the lifetime characteristics of the “ species” can be attributed to the differences in the social, operational, economic and safety-and-reliability requirements and constraints. The obtained information can be used to make tentative predictions for the most likely trends in the given field of vehicular technology. The following major conclusions can be drawn from our analysis: 1) The suggested concept based on the use of HLPFs reflects the current state and the general perceptions in the given field of engineering, including aerospace technologies, and allows for all the inherent and induced factors to be taken into account: any type of failures, usage profiles, economic factors, environmental conditions, etc. The concept requires only very general input data for the entire population. There is no need for the less available information about individual articles. 2) Failure modes are not restricted to the physical type of failures and include economic, cultural or social effects. All possible causes, which might lead to making a decision to terminate the use of a particular type

Shai, Yair; Ingman, D.; Suhir, E.

4

Reliability Models and Attributable Risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The intention of this report is to bring a developing and extremely useful statistical methodology to greater attention within the Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance Office of the NASA Johnson Space Center. The statistical methods in this exposition are found under the heading of attributable risk. Recently the Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance Office at the Johnson Space Center has supported efforts to introduce methods of medical research statistics dealing with the survivability of people to bear on the problems of aerospace that deal with the reliability of component hardware used in the NASA space program. This report, which describes several study designs for which attributable risk is used, is in concert with the latter goals. The report identifies areas of active research in attributable risk while briefly describing much of what has been developed in the theory of attributable risk. The report, which largely is a report on a report, attempts to recast the medical setting and language commonly found in descriptions of attributable risk into the setting and language of the space program and its component hardware.

Jarvinen, Richard D.

1999-01-01

5

Enterprise Risk Management Program  

E-print Network

governance, and accountability · Facilitates effective management of the uncertainty and associated risks Compliance Risk Operational Risk Hazard Risk #12;Enterprise Risk Management Program DRAFT Benefits of ERMEnterprise Risk Management Program DRAFT Introduction to Enterprise Risk Management at UVM 1 #12

Hayden, Nancy J.

6

NASA's Risk Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Leadership is key to success. Phased-approach for implementation of risk management is necessary. Risk management system will be simple, accessible and promote communication of information to all relevant stakeholders for optimal resource allocation and risk mitigation. Risk management should be used by all team members to manage risks -- risk office personnel. Each group is assigned Risk Integrators who are facilitators for effective risk management. Risks will be managed at the lowest-level feasible, elevate only those risks that require coordination or management from above. Risk reporting and communication is an essential element of risk management and will combine both qualitative and quantitative elements. Risk informed decision making should be introduced to all levels of management. Provide necessary checks and balances to insure that risks are caught/identified and dealt with in a timely manner. Many supporting tools, processes & training must be deployed for effective risk management implementation. Process improvement must be included in the risk processes.

Perera, Jeevan S.

2011-01-01

7

Effective Risk Management Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management proactively assesses the potential risks and benefits of health care interventions, including both drugs and medical devices. Risk management systematically identifies safety indications and establishes a risk management strategy for potential adverse events. Professionals trained in risk management have unique expertise in assessing the balance between risk and benefit. They play an important role in clinical study oversight

Jon Willem van der Velden; Eveline Jaquenoud Sirot

2007-01-01

8

BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PL LDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PL LDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A R RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDIN T PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEM

Florida, University of

9

NASA's Risk Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phased-approach for implementation of risk management is necessary. Risk management system will be simple, accessible and promote communication of information to all relevant stakeholders for optimal resource allocation and risk mitigation. Risk management should be used by all team members to manage risks - not just risk office personnel. Each group/department is assigned Risk Integrators who are facilitators for effective risk management. Risks will be managed at the lowest-level feasible, elevate only those risks that require coordination or management from above. Risk informed decision making should be introduced to all levels of management. ? Provide necessary checks and balances to insure that risks are caught/identified and dealt with in a timely manner. Many supporting tools, processes & training must be deployed for effective risk management implementation. Process improvement must be included in the risk processes.

Perera, Jeevan S.

2013-01-01

10

Quantification of risks from technology for improved plant reliability  

SciTech Connect

One of the least understood and therefore appreciated threats to profitability are risks from power plant technologies such as steam generators, turbines, and electrical systems. To effectively manage technological risks, business decisions need to be based on knowledge. The scope of the paper describes a quantification or risk process that combines technical knowledge and judgments with commercial consequences. The three principle alternatives to manage risks as well as risk mitigation techniques for significant equipment within a power plant are reported. The result is to equip the decision maker with a comprehensive picture of the risk exposures enabling cost effective activities to be undertaken to improve a plant`s reliability.

Rode, D.M.

1996-12-31

11

Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS)  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) is a state-of-the-art, microcomputer-based probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) model development and analysis tool to address key nuclear plant safety issues. IRRAS is an integrated software tool that gives the user the ability to create and analyze fault trees and accident sequences using a microcomputer. This program provides functions that range from graphical fault tree construction to cut set generation and quantification. Version 1.0 of the IRRAS program was released in February of 1987. Since that time, many user comments and enhancements have been incorporated into the program providing a much more powerful and user-friendly system. This version has been designated IRRAS 4.0 and is the subject of this Reference Manual. Version 4.0 of IRRAS provides the same capabilities as Version 1.0 and adds a relational data base facility for managing the data, improved functionality, and improved algorithm performance.

Russell, K D; McKay, M K; Sattison, M.B. Skinner, N.L.; Wood, S T [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Rasmuson, D M [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-01-01

12

Reevaluating Interrater Reliability in Offender Risk Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offender risk and needs assessment, one of the pillars of the risk-need-responsivity model of offender rehabilitation, usually depends on raters assessing offender risk and needs. The few available studies of interrater reliability in offender risk assessment are, however, limited in the generalizability of their results. The present study…

van der Knaap, Leontien M.; Leenarts, Laura E. W.; Born, Marise Ph.; Oosterveld, Paul

2012-01-01

13

Risk Management Strategy Introduction  

E-print Network

Risk Management Strategy Introduction 1. The risk of adverse consequences is inherent in all activity. Dynamic enterprise will inevitably create new risks. Risk management is about ensuring that all significant relevant risks are understood and prioritised as part of normal management

Edinburgh, University of

14

Global risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industries that deal with hazardous systems are faced with the task of managing a spectrum of risks within resource contraints. They have essentially two options that can be combined in a global risk-management strategy: insurance (loss sharing) and risk mitigation through technical and organizational measures. In this article, global risk-management strategies based on probabilistic risk analysis and its extension to

M. Elisabeth Paté-cornell

1996-01-01

15

Managing Risks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities face a wide range of environmental risk. In spite of this, with proper planning, they can avoid emergencies or surprises. Advanced planning, coupled with strategic, technical environmental and legal advice, enable higher-education institutions to keep their environmental budgets under control and predictable. This article…

Osborn, John E.

2006-01-01

16

Risk Management, Mar 2012 Risk Management  

E-print Network

form to the Office of Risk Management) riskmanagement@uoregon.edu Fax: 541-346-7008 As a volunteer coverage for any accidents involving that vehicle. State provided auto liability coverage will apply ___________________________________________ (name/title of department supervisor) and the Office of Risk Management, (541) 346-8316, within no more

17

Bayesian Inference for NASA Probabilistic Risk and Reliability Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document, Bayesian Inference for NASA Probabilistic Risk and Reliability Analysis, is intended to provide guidelines for the collection and evaluation of risk and reliability-related data. It is aimed at scientists and engineers familiar with risk and reliability methods and provides a hands-on approach to the investigation and application of a variety of risk and reliability data assessment methods, tools, and techniques. This document provides both: A broad perspective on data analysis collection and evaluation issues. A narrow focus on the methods to implement a comprehensive information repository. The topics addressed herein cover the fundamentals of how data and information are to be used in risk and reliability analysis models and their potential role in decision making. Understanding these topics is essential to attaining a risk informed decision making environment that is being sought by NASA requirements and procedures such as 8000.4 (Agency Risk Management Procedural Requirements), NPR 8705.05 (Probabilistic Risk Assessment Procedures for NASA Programs and Projects), and the System Safety requirements of NPR 8715.3 (NASA General Safety Program Requirements).

Dezfuli, Homayoon; Kelly, Dana; Smith, Curtis; Vedros, Kurt; Galyean, William

2009-01-01

18

CALL FOR PAPERS Reliability Management and Computing  

E-print Network

of Operations Research Most of the products which affect our daily lives are becoming more complex. Reliability's competitive marketplace. Articles concerning new research on product reliability management with particular CALL FOR PAPERS on Reliability Management and Computing Special Volume of the Annals

19

Risk & QualityRisk & Quality ManagementManagement  

E-print Network

Risk & QualityRisk & Quality ManagementManagement Jorge A. Martinez, MD, JDJorge A. Martinez, MD of Medicine #12;Risk ManagementRisk Management ·· 19701970''s: Term coined by insurances: Term coined organizations #12;Risk ManagementRisk Management ""[T]he process of protecting[T]he process of protecting anan

20

Three risk management basics.  

PubMed

This ongoing column is dedicated to providing information to our readers on managing legal risks associated with medical practice. We invite questions from our readers. The answers are provided by PRMS, Inc. (www.prms.com), a manager of medical professional liability insurance programs with services that include risk management consultation, education and onsite risk management audits, and other resources to healthcare providers to help improve patient outcomes and reduce professional liability risk. The answers published in this column represent those of only one risk management consulting company. Other risk management consulting companies or insurance carriers may provide different advice, and readers should take this into consideration. The information in this column does not constitute legal advice. For legal advice, contact your personal attorney. PMID:19724718

2008-11-01

21

Probabilistic Methods for Structural Reliability and Risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal method is described to quantify structural reliability and risk in the presence of a multitude of uncertainties. The method is based on the materials behavior level where primitive variables with their respective scatters are used to describe that behavior. Computational simulation is then used to propagate those uncertainties to the structural scale where reliability and risk are usually specified. A sample case is described to illustrate the effectiveness, versatility, and maturity of the method. Typical results from this method demonstrate that the method is mature and that it can be used for future strategic projections and planning to assure better, cheaper, faster products for competitive advantages in world markets. The results also indicate that the methods are suitable for predicting remaining life in aging or deteriorating structures.

Chamis, Christos C.

2007-01-01

22

Programmatic risk management system  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Programmatic Risk Management System (PRMS) is to evaluate and manage potential risks associated with proposed projects (i.e., new products or processes, or possible research and technological development projects). Although the PRMS considers some technical aspects of risk, the primary focus of the methodology is programmatic risk. That is, the methodology permits an assessment of risks associated with such issues as the ability to successfully produce a product that performs in accordance with all customer requirements, and the availability and allocation of resources (money, equipment, facilities, skilled personnel). The PRMS process consists of five formalized activities that are essential for effective management of risks associated with proposed projects. These activities include risk assessment, development of appropriate risk mitigation strategies, estimating strategy implementation cost, ranking of risk mitigation strategies for resource allocation, and scheduling of strategy implementing. The PRMS utilizes a ranking system that allows the user to identify the most cost-effective investment of resources of minimizing risk.

Mahn, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wood, C.L. [Automated Solutions of Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-07-01

23

Energy price risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The price of electricity is far more volatile than that of other commodities normally noted for extreme volatility. Demand and supply are balanced on a knife-edge because electric power cannot be economically stored, end user demand is largely weather dependent, and the reliability of the grid is paramount. The possibility of extreme price movements increases the risk of trading in

Rafal Weron; Hugo Steinhaus

2000-01-01

24

Today's School Risk Manager  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts are held accountable not only for the monies that contribute to the education system but also for mitigating any issues that threaten student learning. Some school districts are fortunate to have professional risk managers on staff who can identify and control the many risks that are unique to school systems. Most schools,…

Johnson, Cheryl P.; Levering, Steve

2009-01-01

25

Probabilistic Methods for Structural Reliability and Risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A probabilistic method is used to evaluate the structural reliability and risk of select metallic and composite structures. The method is a multiscale, multifunctional and it is based on the most elemental level. A multi-factor interaction model is used to describe the material properties which are subsequently evaluated probabilistically. The metallic structure is a two rotor aircraft engine, while the composite structures consist of laminated plies (multiscale) and the properties of each ply are the multifunctional representation. The structural component is modeled by finite element. The solution method for structural responses is obtained by an updated simulation scheme. The results show that the risk for the two rotor engine is about 0.0001 and the composite built-up structure is also 0.0001.

Chamis, Christos C.

2008-01-01

26

Probabilistic Methods for Structural Reliability and Risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A probabilistic method is used to evaluate the structural reliability and risk of select metallic and composite structures. The method is a multiscale, multifunctional and it is based on the most elemental level. A multifactor interaction model is used to describe the material properties which are subsequently evaluated probabilistically. The metallic structure is a two rotor aircraft engine, while the composite structures consist of laminated plies (multiscale) and the properties of each ply are the multifunctional representation. The structural component is modeled by finite element. The solution method for structural responses is obtained by an updated simulation scheme. The results show that the risk for the two rotor engine is about 0.0001 and the composite built-up structure is also 0.0001.

Chamis, Christos C.

2010-01-01

27

Adaptation and risk management  

SciTech Connect

Adaptation assessment methods are compatible with the international risk management standard ISO:31000. Risk management approaches are increasingly being recommended for adaptation assessments at both national and local levels. Two orientations to assessments can commonly be identified: top-down and bottom-up, and prescriptive and diagnostic. Combinations of these orientations favor different types of assessments. The choice of orientation can be related to uncertainties in prediction and taking action, in the type of adaptation and in the degree of system stress. Adopting multiple viewpoints is to be encouraged, especially in complex situations. The bulk of current guidance material is consistent with top-down and predictive approaches, thus is most suitable for risk scoping and identification. Abroad range ofmaterial fromwithin and beyond the climate change literature can be used to select methods to be used in assessing and implementing adaptation. The framing of risk, correct formulation of the questions being investigated and assessment methodology are critical aspects of the scoping phase. Only when these issues have been addressed should be issue of specific methods and tools be addressed. The reorientation of adaptation from an assessment focused solely on anthropogenic climate change to broader issues of vulnerability/resilience, sustainable development and disaster risk, especially through a risk management framework, can draw from existing policy and management understanding in communities, professions and agencies, incorporating existing agendas, knowledge, risks, and issues they already face.

Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL

2011-01-01

28

Eighth Annual Risk Management Conference  

E-print Network

, who are experts in the field of financial risk management to share their insights on issues and computational tools for risk management Statistical and econometric techniques for financial problemsEighth Annual Risk Management Conference Risk Management Amidst Global Rebalancing 10 ­ 11 July

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

29

Risk Management Procedures Category: Strategic Management  

E-print Network

1 Risk Management Procedures Category: Strategic Management 1. LEGISLATION/ENTERPRISE AGREEMENT/POLICY SUPPORTED Risk Management Policy Tertiary Education Quality Standards Agency Act 2011 (TEQSA Act 2011) 2 (a) Advise the Vice-Chancellor on the effective management of the University's risk profile

30

Risk Management of NASA Projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various NASA Langley Research Center and other center projects were attempted for analysis to obtain historical data comparing pre-phase A study and the final outcome for each project. This attempt, however, was abandoned once it became clear that very little documentation was available. Next, extensive literature search was conducted on the role of risk and reliability concepts in project management. Probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) techniques are being used with increasing regularity both in and outside of NASA. The value and the usage of PRA techniques were reviewed for large projects. It was found that both civilian and military branches of the space industry have traditionally refrained from using PRA, which was developed and expanded by nuclear industry. Although much has changed with the end of the cold war and the Challenger disaster, it was found that ingrained anti-PRA culture is hard to stop. Examples of skepticism against the use of risk management and assessment techniques were found both in the literature and in conversations with some technical staff. Program and project managers need to be convinced that the applicability and use of risk management and risk assessment techniques is much broader than just in the traditional safety-related areas of application. The time has come to begin to uniformly apply these techniques. The whole idea of risk-based system can maximize the 'return on investment' that the public demands. Also, it would be very useful if all project documents of NASA Langley Research Center, pre-phase A through final report, are carefully stored in a central repository preferably in electronic format.

Sarper, Hueseyin

1997-01-01

31

Managing risk at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

Clearly, there is sufficient motivation from Washington for the Hanford community to pay particular attention to the risks associated with the substantial volumes of radiological, hazardous, and mixed waste at Hanford. But there is also another reason for emphasizing risk: Hanford leaders have come to realize that their decisions must consider risk and risk reduction if those decisions are to be technically sound, financially affordable, and publicly acceptable. The 560-square miles of desert land is worth only a few thousand dollars an acre (if that) -- hardly enough to justify the almost two billion dollars that will be spent at Hanford this year. The benefit of cleaning up the Hanford Site is not the land but the reduction of potential risk to the public and the environment for future generations. If risk reduction is our ultimate goal, decisions about priority of effort and resource allocation must consider those risks, now and in the future. The purpose of this paper is to describe how Hanford is addressing the issues of risk assessment, risk management, and risk-based decision making and to share some of our experiences in these areas.

Hesser, W.A.; Stillwell, W.G. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Rutherford, W.A. [USDOE Richland Operations Office, WA (United States)

1994-03-01

32

Continuous Risk Management: An Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software risk management is important because it helps avoid disasters, rework, and overkill, but more importantly because it stimulates win-win situations. The objectives of software risk management are to identify, address, and eliminate software risk items before they become threats to success or major sources of rework. In general, good project managers are also good managers of risk. It makes good business sense for all software development projects to incorporate risk management as part of project management. The Software Assurance Technology Center (SATC) at NASA GSFC has been tasked with the responsibility for developing and teaching a systems level course for risk management that provides information on how to implement risk management. The course was developed in conjunction with the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, then tailored to the NASA systems community. This is an introductory tutorial to continuous risk management based on this course. The rational for continuous risk management and how it is incorporated into project management are discussed. The risk management structure of six functions is discussed in sufficient depth for managers to understand what is involved in risk management and how it is implemented. These functions include: (1) Identify the risks in a specific format; (2) Analyze the risk probability, impact/severity, and timeframe; (3) Plan the approach; (4) Track the risk through data compilation and analysis; (5) Control and monitor the risk; (6) Communicate and document the process and decisions.

Rosenberg, Linda; Hammer, Theodore F.

1999-01-01

33

Cost effective management of space venture risks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a model for the cost-effective management of space venture risks is discussed. The risk assessment and control program of insurance companies is examined. A simplified system development cycle which consists of a conceptual design phase, a preliminary design phase, a final design phase, a construction phase, and a system operations and maintenance phase is described. The model incorporates insurance safety risk methods and reliability engineering, and testing practices used in the development of large aerospace and defense systems.

Giuntini, Ronald E.; Storm, Richard E.

1986-01-01

34

EPA risk management update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Clean Air Act (CAA) was passed in 1970 with amendments added in 1970 and 1990. The 1990 amendments require the EPA to develop regulations to prevent or mitigate chemical accidents that could affect the public and the environment. The regulation is the EPA`s Risk Management Programs (RMP) for Chemical Accidental Release Prevention and was

Mentzer

1995-01-01

35

Risk Management Policy Category: Strategic Management  

E-print Network

1 Risk Management Policy Category: Strategic Management 1. PURPOSE To support the University to achieve its strategic objectives by: assisting business areas make prudent risk-based decisions; enabling high performance across business activities within an agreed risk appetite; promoting risk aware

36

Risk Management in Banks: The AHP way  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk is inherent in every walk of life. Banks are, by definition, in the business of taking and managing risk. The paper deals with the study of Risks associated with commercial banks like risk revolving on capital, credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, earnings risk, business strategy risk, environmental risk, operational risk, group risk, internal control risk, organizational risk, management

Diksha Arora

37

Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management of nanotechnology is challenged by the enormous uncertainties about the risks, benefits, properties, and future\\u000a direction of nanotechnology applications. Because of these uncertainties, traditional risk management principles such as acceptable\\u000a risk, cost–benefit analysis, and feasibility are unworkable, as is the newest risk management principle, the precautionary\\u000a principle. Yet, simply waiting for these uncertainties to be resolved before undertaking

Gary E. Marchant; Douglas J. Sylvester; Kenneth W. Abbott

2008-01-01

38

Continuous Risk Management Course. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document includes a course plan for Continuous Risk Management taught by the Software Assurance Technology Center along with the Continuous Risk Management Guidebook of the Software Engineering Institute of Carnegie Mellon University and a description of Continuous Risk Management at NASA.

Hammer, Theodore F.

1999-01-01

39

Managing Fiscal Risk in Bulgaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments need to manage their contingent liabilities and other off-budget sources of fiscal risk - through policy, the budgetary process, and an integrated asset and liability management strategy.To understand the fiscal position of a country, contingent liabilities and other sources of fiscal risk need to be considered. Brixi, Shatalov, and Zlaoui develop a framework to assess and manage fiscal risk

Hana Polackova Brixi; Sergei Shatalov; Leila Zlaoui

2000-01-01

40

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

SAFETY 2009 ANNUAL REPORTS #12;2009 Annual Report Page 2 RISK MANAGEMENT I. Program Cost One method management costs against the System average. In 2009-10, the University's risk pool contributions for CSURMACALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & INSTRUCTIONAL

de Lijser, Peter

41

RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Risk assessment of mixtures of environmental pollutants has become a subject of increasing public and regulatory concern. ypically, assessment of mixtures has been based on aggregating the risks associated with the individual constituents of the mixture. his approach does not con...

42

Repeated Failures in the Management of High Risk Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-risk technologies often serve as engines of economic growth, but reliable management of these technologies is far from easy. Many organizations managing risky technologies are vulnerable to repeated catastrophic failure. Some organizational theorists posit that high-risk technologies can be managed with little or no failure under the right circumstances, however experience in a number of industries seems to indicate that

LARRY HEIMANN

2005-01-01

43

Communicating Risk to Program Managers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Program Managers (PM) can protect program resources and improve chances of success by anticipating, understanding and managing risks. Understanding the range of potential risks helps one to avoid or manage the risks. A PM must choose which risks to accept to reduce fire fighting, must meet the expectations of stakeholders consistently, and avoid falling into costly "black holes" that may open. A good risk management process provides the PM more confidence to seize opportunities save money, meet schedule, even improve relationships with people important to the program. Evidence of managing risk and sound internal controls can mean better support from superiors for the program by building a trust and reputation from being on top of issues. Risk managers have an obligation to provide the PM with the best information possible to allow the benefits to be realized (Small Business Consortium, 2004). The Institute for Chartered Accountants in England and Wales sees very important benefits for companies in providing better information about what they do to assess and manage key business risks. Such information will: a) provide practical forward-looking information; b) reduce the cost of capital; c) encourage better risk management; and d) improve accountability for stewardship, investor protection and the usefulness of financial reporting. We are particularly convinced that enhanced risk reporting will help listed companies obtain capital at the lowest possible cost (The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England &Wales, June 2002). Risk managers can take a significant role in quantifying the success of their department and communicating those figures to executive (program) management levels while pushing for a broader risk management role. Overall, risk managers must show that risk management work matters in the most crucial place-the bottom line- as they prove risk management can be a profit center (Sullivan, 2004).

Shivers, C. Herbert

2005-01-01

44

Risk Management in the Clinical Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Clinical laboratory tests play an integral role in medical decision-making and as such must be reliable and accurate. Unfortunately, no laboratory tests or devices are foolproof and errors can occur at pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases of testing. Evaluating possible conditions that could lead to errors and outlining the necessary steps to detect and prevent errors before they cause patient harm is therefore an important part of laboratory testing. This can be achieved through the practice of risk management. EP23-A is a new guideline from the CLSI that introduces risk management principles to the clinical laboratory. This guideline borrows concepts from the manufacturing industry and encourages laboratories to develop risk management plans that address the specific risks inherent to each lab. Once the risks have been identified, the laboratory must implement control processes and continuously monitor and modify them to make certain that risk is maintained at a clinically acceptable level. This review summarizes the principles of risk management in the clinical laboratory and describes various quality control activities employed by the laboratory to achieve the goal of reporting valid, accurate and reliable test results. PMID:24982831

Njoroge, Sarah W

2014-01-01

45

Estimation Risk in Financial Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Expected Shortfall (ES) are increasingly used in portfolio risk measurement, risk capital allocation and performance attribution. Financial risk managers are therefore rightfully concerned with the precision of typical VaR and ES techniques. The purpose of this paper is exactly to assess the precision of common models and to quantify the magnitude of the estimation error by constructing

Peter Christoffersen; Sílvia Gonçalves

2004-01-01

46

Managing information technology security risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT resources. As systems bgecome more complex and diverse and and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT security risk and risk management in the organization: 1) an institutional enterprise appraoch, and 2) a project life cycle approach.

Gilliam, David

2003-01-01

47

12 CFR 917.3 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Risk management. ...FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT...MANAGEMENT § 917.3 Risk management. ...2) Review and compliance. Each Bank's...continuing Bank compliance with the risk management...

2011-01-01

48

12 CFR 917.3 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Risk management. ...FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT...MANAGEMENT § 917.3 Risk management. ...2) Review and compliance. Each Bank's...continuing Bank compliance with the risk management...

2012-01-01

49

12 CFR 917.3 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Risk management. ...FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT...MANAGEMENT § 917.3 Risk management. ...2) Review and compliance. Each Bank's...continuing Bank compliance with the risk management...

2014-01-01

50

12 CFR 917.3 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Risk management. ...FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT...MANAGEMENT § 917.3 Risk management. ...2) Review and compliance. Each Bank's...continuing Bank compliance with the risk management...

2013-01-01

51

Risk Management: A Leader's Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses what facilities management leaders can do to ensure the safety of students and employees. Focuses on six specific tasks, such as detecting hazards and assessing the risks, and offers three rules underlying the application of risk management, including do not accept unnecessary risk. Provides an outline of prevention responsibilities.…

Rowe, Roger E.

1997-01-01

52

NGNP Risk Management Database: A Model for Managing Risk  

SciTech Connect

The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Risk Management System (RMS) is a database used to maintain the project risk register. The RMS also maps risk reduction activities to specific identified risks. Further functionality of the RMS includes mapping reactor suppliers Design Data Needs (DDNs) to risk reduction tasks and mapping Phenomena Identification Ranking Table (PIRTs) to associated risks. This document outlines the basic instructions on how to use the RMS. This document constitutes Revision 1 of the NGNP Risk Management Database: A Model for Managing Risk. It incorporates the latest enhancements to the RMS. The enhancements include six new custom views of risk data - Impact/Consequence, Tasks by Project Phase, Tasks by Status, Tasks by Project Phase/Status, Tasks by Impact/WBS, and Tasks by Phase/Impact/WBS.

John Collins; John M. Beck

2011-11-01

53

Improving Information Security Risk Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

manaOptimizing risk to information to protect the enterprise as well as to satisfy government and industry mandates is a core function of most information security departments. Risk management is the discipline that is focused on assessing, mitigating, monitoring and optimizing risks to information. Risk assessments and analyses are critical…

Singh, Anand

2009-01-01

54

Market Based Risk Mitigation: Risk Management vs. Risk Avoidance  

E-print Network

to new critical infrastructures, such as the Internet, and to interdependencies and complexities that is revolutionizing the concepts of reliability and risk. For example in an infrastructure industry governed a failure that counts toward reliability metrics. By contrast, in a deregulated environment governed

55

Continuous Risk Management at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NPG 7120.5A, "NASA Program and Project Management Processes and Requirements" enacted in April, 1998, requires that "The program or project manager shall apply risk management principles..." The Software Assurance Technology Center (SATC) at NASA GSFC has been tasked with the responsibility for developing and teaching a systems level course for risk management that provides information on how to comply with this edict. The course was developed in conjunction with the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, then tailored to the NASA systems community. This presentation will briefly discuss the six functions for risk management: (1) Identify the risks in a specific format; (2) Analyze the risk probability, impact/severity, and timeframe; (3) Plan the approach; (4) Track the risk through data compilation and analysis; (5) Control and monitor the risk; (6) Communicate and document the process and decisions. This risk management structure of functions has been taught to projects at all NASA Centers and is being successfully implemented on many projects. This presentation will give project managers the information they need to understand if risk management is to be effectively implemented on their projects at a cost they can afford.

Hammer, Theodore F.; Rosenberg, Linda

1999-01-01

56

Structural reliability analysis and seismic risk assessment  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a reliability analysis method for safety evaluation of nuclear structures. By utilizing this method, it is possible to estimate the limit state probability in the lifetime of structures and to generate analytically the fragility curves for PRA studies. The earthquake ground acceleration, in this approach, is represented by a segment of stationary Gaussian process with a zero mean and a Kanai-Tajimi Spectrum. All possible seismic hazard at a site represented by a hazard curve is also taken into consideration. Furthermore, the limit state of a structure is analytically defined and the corresponding limit state surface is then established. Finally, the fragility curve is generated and the limit state probability is evaluated. In this paper, using a realistic reinforced concrete containment as an example, results of the reliability analysis of the containment subjected to dead load, live load and ground earthquake acceleration are presented and a fragility curve for PRA studies is also constructed.

Hwang, H.; Reich, M.; Shinozuka, M.

1984-01-01

57

Risk and reliability assessment for telecommunications networks  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has assembled an interdisciplinary team to explore the applicability of probabilistic logic modeling (PLM) techniques to model network reliability for a wide variety of communications network architectures. The authors have found that the reliability and failure modes of current generation network technologies can be effectively modeled using fault tree PLM techniques. They have developed a ``plug-and-play`` fault tree analysis methodology that can be used to model connectivity and the provision of network services in a wide variety of current generation network architectures. They have also developed an efficient search algorithm that can be used to determine the minimal cut sets of an arbitrarily-interconnected (non-hierarchical) network without the construction of a fault tree model. This paper provides an overview of these modeling techniques and describes how they are applied to networks that exhibit hybrid network structures (i.e., a network in which some areas are hierarchical and some areas are not hierarchical).

Wyss, G.D.; Schriner, H.K.; Gaylor, T.R.

1996-08-01

58

Risk Management Issues - An Aerospace Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phased-approach for implementation of risk management is necessary. Risk management system will be simple, accessible and promote communication of information to all relevant stakeholders for optimal resource allocation and risk mitigation. Risk management should be used by all team members to manage risks--risk office personnel. Each group is assigned Risk Integrators who are facilitators for effective risk management. Risks will be managed at the lowest-level feasible, elevate only those risks that require coordination or management from above. Risk reporting and communication is an essential element of risk management and will combine both qualitative and quantitative elements.. Risk informed decision making should be introduced to all levels of management. Provide necessary checks and balances to insure that risks are caught/identified and dealt with in a timely manner, Many supporting tools, processes & training must be deployed for effective risk management implementation. Process improvement must be included in the risk processes.

Perera, Jeevan S.

2011-01-01

59

MORT (Management Oversight and Risk Tree) based risk management  

SciTech Connect

Risk Management is the optimization of safety programs. This requires a formal systems approach to hazards identification, risk quantification, and resource allocation/risk acceptance as opposed to case-by-case decisions. The Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) has gained wide acceptance as a comprehensive formal systems approach covering all aspects of risk management. It (MORT) is a comprehensive analytical procedure that provides a disciplined method for determining the causes and contributing factors of major accidents. Alternatively, it serves as a tool to evaluate the quality of an existing safety system. While similar in many respects to fault tree analysis, MORT is more generalized and presents over 1500 specific elements of an ideal ''universal'' management program for optimizing occupational safety.

Briscoe, G.J.

1990-02-01

60

Managing risk in software systems  

SciTech Connect

A methodology for risk management in the design of software systems is presented. It spans security, safety, and correct operation of software within the context of its environment, and produces a risk analysis and documented risk management strategy. It is designed to be iteratively applied, to attain appropriate levels of detail throughout the analysis. The methodology and supporting tools are discussed. The methodology is critiqued relative to other research in the field. Some sample applications of the methodology are presented.

Fletcher, S.K.; Jansma, R.M.; Murphy, M.D. [and others

1995-07-01

61

[Reliability theory based on quality risk network analysis for Chinese medicine injection].  

PubMed

A new risk analysis method based upon reliability theory was introduced in this paper for the quality risk management of Chinese medicine injection manufacturing plants. The risk events including both cause and effect ones were derived in the framework as nodes with a Bayesian network analysis approach. It thus transforms the risk analysis results from failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) into a Bayesian network platform. With its structure and parameters determined, the network can be used to evaluate the system reliability quantitatively with probabilistic analytical appraoches. Using network analysis tools such as GeNie and AgenaRisk, we are able to find the nodes that are most critical to influence the system reliability. The importance of each node to the system can be quantitatively evaluated by calculating the effect of the node on the overall risk, and minimization plan can be determined accordingly to reduce their influences and improve the system reliability. Using the Shengmai injection manufacturing plant of SZYY Ltd as a user case, we analyzed the quality risk with both static FMEA analysis and dynamic Bayesian Network analysis. The potential risk factors for the quality of Shengmai injection manufacturing were identified with the network analysis platform. Quality assurance actions were further defined to reduce the risk and improve the product quality. PMID:25509315

Li, Zheng; Kang, Li-Yuan; Fan, Xiao-Hui

2014-08-01

62

Director of Risk Management & Insurance  

E-print Network

VACANT Operations Officer/Project Manager 142 Denise M. Barnett, MBA, MPH Safety & Health Manager 010168 Services Coordinator & Records Michelle P. Hill Administrative Associate "Lost & Found" & Records VickiDirector of Risk Management & Insurance 139 Betty Coulter, BS, RMPE Associate Vice Chancellor 141

Kelly, Scott David

63

12 CFR 932.1 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Risk management. 932.1 Section 932...FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK RISK MANAGEMENT AND CAPITAL STANDARDS FEDERAL...BANK CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS § 932.1 Risk management. Before its new...

2011-01-01

64

12 CFR 932.1 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Risk management. 932.1 Section 932...FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK RISK MANAGEMENT AND CAPITAL STANDARDS FEDERAL...BANK CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS § 932.1 Risk management. Before its new...

2014-01-01

65

12 CFR 932.1 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Risk management. 932.1 Section 932...FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK RISK MANAGEMENT AND CAPITAL STANDARDS FEDERAL...BANK CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS § 932.1 Risk management. Before its new...

2012-01-01

66

12 CFR 932.1 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Risk management. 932.1 Section 932...FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK RISK MANAGEMENT AND CAPITAL STANDARDS FEDERAL...BANK CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS § 932.1 Risk management. Before its new...

2013-01-01

67

Risk management - Expanding horizons in nuclear power and other industries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Topics presented include lessons learned from man-made catastrophes, airline industry safety management systems and feedback, an integrated approach to safety, including the human factors element, and risk sensitivity to human error. Also presented are human reliability methods for enhancing performance, the integrated use of probabilistic safety assessment in reactor design, risk-based plant performance indicators, and a framework for systematic risk management.

Knief, Ronald A.; Briant, Victoria B.; Lee, Robert B.; Long, Robert L.; Mahn, Jeffrey A.

68

Reliability and validity of the postepidural fall risk assessment score.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to establish the interrater reliability and face validity of the postepidural fall risk assessment score instrument for the obstetric patient. The sample consisted of 207 healthy mothers at an inner-city level 1 trauma center. Kappa coefficients ranged from 0.54 to 0.83. Face validity of the tool was determined by participating nurses (n = 25). Results indicated that the tool was reliable and required modification to increase face validity. PMID:24375109

Thompson, Kathleen; Haddad, Lisa; Smith, Sarah

2014-01-01

69

Process variation and temperature-aware reliability management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In aggressively scaled technologies, reliability concerns such as oxide breakdown have become a key issue. Dynamic reliability management (DRM) has been proposed as a mechanism to dynamically explore the tradeoff between system performance and reliability margin. However, existing DRM methods are hampered by the fact that they do not accurately model spatial and temporal variations in process and temperature parameters

Cheng Zhuo; Dennis Sylvester; David Blaauw

2010-01-01

70

Risk Management In Major Projects   

E-print Network

The integration of risk management in major projects within the construction and oil and gas industries has never been more significant especially as these projects are becoming larger and more complex. The increased ...

Baker, Scott William

71

Reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess the test-retest reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire.Methods: A sample of 4619 male and female high school students from white, black, Hispanic, and other racial\\/ethnic groups completed the YRBS questionnaire on two occasions approximately two weeks apart. The questionnaire assesses a broad range of health risk behaviors. This study used a protocol that

Nancy D Brener; Laura Kann; Tim McManus; Steven A Kinchen; Elizabeth C Sundberg; James G Ross

2002-01-01

72

Risk Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a proactive plan for assessing and controlling sources of risk for the ASCI (Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative) V&V program at Sandia National Laboratories. It offers a graded approach for identifying, analyzing, prioritizing, responding to, and monitoring risks.

HODGES, ANN LOUISE; FROEHLICH, GARY K.; PILCH, MARTIN; PEERCY, DAVID E.

2002-04-01

73

Travel Time Reliability with Risk-Sensitive Travelers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent empirical studies on values of time and reliability, many have suggested that travelers are interested not only in travel time saving but also in reduction in travel time variability. Variability introduces uncertainty for travelers such that they do not know exactly when they will arrive at their destination. Thus, it is considered as a risk (or an added

Anthony Chen; Zhaowang Ji; Will Recker

2002-01-01

74

Risk analysis and management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Present software development accomplishments are indicative of the emerging interest in and increasing efforts to provide risk assessment backbone tools in the manned spacecraft engineering community. There are indications that similar efforts are underway in the chemical processes industry and are probably being planned for other high risk ground base environments. It appears that complex flight systems intended for extended manned planetary exploration will drive this technology.

Smith, H. E.

1990-01-01

75

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk-informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEEL's lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

F. M. Marshall; G. M. Grant; H. M. Stromberg; S. D. Novack

1999-06-01

76

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEELs lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

Novack, Steven David; Marshall, Frances Mc Clellan; Stromberg, Howard Merion; Grant, Gary Michael

1999-06-01

77

Subsea pipeline operational risk management  

SciTech Connect

Resources used for inspection, maintenance, and repair of a subsea pipeline must be allocated efficiently in order to operate it in the most cost effective manner. Operational risk management aids in resource allocation through the use of risk assessments and cost/benefit analyses. It identifies those areas where attention must be focused in order to reduce risk. When they are identified, a company`s resources (i.e., personnel, equipment, money, and time) can then be used for inspection, maintenance, and/or repair of the pipeline. The results are cost effective risk reduction and pipeline operation with minimum expenditure.

Bell, R.L.; Lanan, G.A.

1996-12-31

78

LNG risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A general methodology is presented for conducting an analysis of the various aspects of the hazards associated with the storage and transportation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) which should be considered during the planning stages of a typical LNG ship terminal. The procedure includes the performance of a hazards and system analysis of the proposed site, a probability analysis of accident scenarios and safety impacts, an analysis of the consequences of credible accidents such as tanker accidents, spills and fires, the assessment of risks and the design and evaluation of risk mitigation measures.

Martino, P.

1980-12-01

79

Risk Management Structured for Today's Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In NPG (NASA Procedures and Guidelines) 7120.5A, we define risk management as "an organized, systematic decision-making process that efficiently identifies, analyzes, plans, tracks, controls, and communicates and documents risk in order to increase the likelihood of achieving program/project goals." Effective risk management depends upon a thorough understanding of the concept of risk, the principles of risk management and the formation of a disciplined risk management process. In human spaceflight programs, NASA has always maintained a rigorous and highly structured risk management effort. When lives are at stake, NASA's missions must be 100% safe; the risk management approach used in human spaceflight has always been comprehensive.

Greenfield, Michael A.

1998-01-01

80

PFPC: Building an IT Risk Management Competency  

E-print Network

IT Risk management is becoming increasingly important for CIOs and their executive counterparts. Educators and managers have materials they can use to discuss specific IT risks in project management, security and other ...

Westerman, George

2005-07-29

81

Annex 2 Risk Management Guidance and Template SPO Project Management  

E-print Network

plan, risk is considered tradable against known project resources within the management (e.g. cost1 Annex 2 ­ Risk Management Guidance and Template SPO Project Management Guidance on Risk Management Introduction Risk is any action or event that affects a project's ability to achieve its

82

Health and Safety Management System Audit Reliability Pilot Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study assessed occupational health and safety (OHS) management system audit finding reliability using a modified test–retest method. Two industrial hygienists with similar training and education conducted four, 1-day management system audits in four dissimilar organizational environments. The researchers examined four auditable sections (employee participation, training, controls, and communications) contained in a publicly available OHS management system assessment instrument.

D. T. Dyjack; C. F. Redinger; R. S. Ridge

2003-01-01

83

Tank waste remediation system risk management list  

SciTech Connect

The Tank Waste Remedation System (TWRS) Risk Management List and it`s subset of critical risks, the Critical Risk Management List, provide a tool to senior RL and WHC management (Level-1 and -2) to manage programmatic risks that may significantly impact the TWRS program. The programmatic risks include cost, schedule, and performance risks. Performance risk includes technical risk, supportability risk (such as maintainability and availability), and external risk (i.e., beyond program control, for example, changes in regulations). The risk information includes a description, its impacts, as evaluation of the likelihood, consequences and risk value, possible mitigating actions, and responsible RL and WHC managers. The issues that typically form the basis for the risks are presented in a separate table and the affected functions are provided on the management lists.

Collard, L.B.

1995-10-31

84

ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN Texas Transportation Institute  

E-print Network

; and commitment to state government and the people of Texas. #12;2 The agency's risk management plan is designed&M System regarding TTI risk and compliance with Texas A&M System risk management policies; and education1 ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN Texas Transportation Institute The Texas A&M University System

85

RISK MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK The UNIVERSITY of VERMONT  

E-print Network

RISK MANAGEMENT HANDBOOK UVM PEOPLE WORKING 2004 The UNIVERSITY of VERMONT #12;2 © 2004 University · Fire and Life Safety · Property Protection · Vehicle Safety · Liability Risk Management · Insurance & Claims Management RISK MANAGEMENT HANDBOOKThe UNIVERSITY of VERMONT #12;4 © 2004 University of Vermont

Hayden, Nancy J.

86

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services  

E-print Network

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services Workers' Compensation Update RETURN TO WORK or supervisor upon returning to work. The manager or supervisor should fax a copy of the release to Risk, the University's Workers' Compensation Program Manager, at extension 2824 or visit the Risk Management Website

de Lijser, Peter

87

Strategic financial risk management and operations research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management has become a vital topic for financial institutions in the 1990s. Strategically, asset\\/liability management systems are important tools for controlling a firm's financial risks. They manage these risks by dynamically balancing the firm's asset and liabilities to achieve the firm's objectives. We discuss such leading international firms as Towers Perrin, Frank Russell, and Falcon Asset Management, which apply

John M. Mulvey; Daniel P. Rosenbaum; Bala Shetty

1997-01-01

88

Space flight risk data collection and analysis project: Risk and reliability database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focus of the NASA 'Space Flight Risk Data Collection and Analysis' project was to acquire and evaluate space flight data with the express purpose of establishing a database containing measurements of specific risk assessment - reliability - availability - maintainability - supportability (RRAMS) parameters. The developed comprehensive RRAMS database will support the performance of future NASA and aerospace industry risk and reliability studies. One of the primary goals has been to acquire unprocessed information relating to the reliability and availability of launch vehicles and the subsystems and components thereof from the 45th Space Wing (formerly Eastern Space and Missile Command -ESMC) at Patrick Air Force Base. After evaluating and analyzing this information, it was encoded in terms of parameters pertinent to ascertaining reliability and availability statistics, and then assembled into an appropriate database structure.

1994-01-01

89

Shuttle Risk Progression: Use of the Shuttle Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) to Show Reliability Growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is important to the Space Shuttle Program (SSP), as well as future manned spaceflight programs, to understand the early mission risk and progression of risk as the program gains insights into the integrated vehicle through flight. The risk progression is important to the SSP as part of the documentation of lessons learned. The risk progression is important to future programs to understand reliability growth and the first flight risk. This analysis uses the knowledge gained from 30 years of operational flights and the current Shuttle PRA to calculate the risk of Loss of Crew and Vehicle (LOCV) at significant milestones beginning with the first flight. Key flights were evaluated based upon historical events and significant re-designs. The results indicated that the Shuttle risk tends to follow a step function as opposed to following a traditional reliability growth pattern where risk exponentially improves with each flight. In addition, it shows that risk can increase due to trading safety margin for increased performance or due to external events. Due to the risk drivers not being addressed, the risk did not improve appreciably during the first 25 flights. It was only after significant events occurred such as Challenger and Columbia, where the risk drivers were apparent, that risk was significantly improved. In addition, this paper will show that the SSP has reduced the risk of LOCV by almost an order of magnitude. It is easy to look back afte r 30 years and point to risks that are now obvious, however; the key is to use this knowledge to benefit other programs which are in their infancy stages. One lesson learned from the SSP is understanding risk drivers are essential in order to considerably reduce risk. This will enable the new program to focus time and resources on identifying and reducing the significant risks. A comprehensive PRA, similar to that of the Shuttle PRA, is an effective tool quantifying risk drivers if support from all of the stakeholders is given.

Hamlin, Teri L.

2011-01-01

90

Reliability-Based Life-Cycle Management of Highway Bridges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of bridge management is to allocate and use the limited resources to balance lifetime reliability and life-cycle cost in an optimal manner. As the 20th century has drawn to a close, it is appropriate to reflect on the birth and growth of bridge management systems, to examine where they are today, and to predict their future. In this

Dan M. Frangopol; Jung S. Kong; Emhaidy S. Gharaibeh

2001-01-01

91

A high reliability battery management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over a period of some 5 years Canadian Astronautics Limited (CAL) has developed a system to autonomously manage, and thus prolong the life of, secondary storage batteries. During the development, the system was aimed at the space vehicle application using nickel cadmium batteries, but is expected to be able to enhance the life and performance of any rechargeable electrochemical couple. The system handles the cells of a battery individually and thus avoids the problems of over, and under, drive that inevitably occur in a battery of cells managed by an averaging system. This individual handling also allow cells to be totally bypassed in the event of failure, thus avoiding the losses associated with low capacity, partial short circuit, and the catastrophe of open circuit. The system has an optional capability of managing redundant batteries simultaneously, adding the advantage of on line reconditioning of one battery, while the other maintains the energy storage capability of the overall system. As developed, the system contains a dedicated, redundant, microprocessor, but the capability exists to have this computing capability time shared, or remote, and operating through a data link. As adjuncts to the basic management system CAL has developed high efficiency, polyphase, power regulators for charge and discharge power conditioning.

Moody, M. H.

1986-01-01

92

A high reliability battery management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over a period of some 5 years Canadian Astronautics Limited (CAL) has developed a system to autonomously manage, and thus prolong the life of, secondary storage batteries. During the development, the system was aimed at the space vehicle application using nickel cadmium batteries, but is expected to be able to enhance the life and performance of any rechargeable electrochemical couple.

M. H. Moody

1986-01-01

93

High performance in Procurement Risk Management  

E-print Network

Research on Procurement Risk Management has been conducted by Accenture and MIT in order to identify the best practices used to manage commodity price volatility and supplier risk. In today's increasingly turbulent market ...

Olsha, Maya (Olsha-Yehiav)

2010-01-01

94

Risk Management in Lean Product Development  

E-print Network

This whitepaper summarizes 15 years of research conducted at MIT's Lean Advancement Initiative on the topic of risk management in product design and development. It discusses current challenges in risk management for product ...

Oehmen, Josef

95

Risk Management for Human Support Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA requires continuous risk management for all programs and projects. The risk management process identifies risks, analyzes their impact, prioritizes them, develops and carries out plans to mitigate or accept them, tracks risks and mitigation plans, and communicates and documents risk information. Project risk management is driven by the project goal and is performed by the entire team. Risk management begins early in the formulation phase with initial risk identification and development of a risk management plan and continues throughout the project life cycle. This paper describes the risk management approach that is suggested for use in NASA's Human Support Technology Development. The first step in risk management is to identify the detailed technical and programmatic risks specific to a project. Each individual risk should be described in detail. The identified risks are summarized in a complete risk list. Risk analysis provides estimates of the likelihood and the qualitative impact of a risk. The likelihood and impact of the risk are used to define its priority location in the risk matrix. The approaches for responding to risk are either to mitigate it by eliminating or reducing the effect or likelihood of a risk, to accept it with a documented rationale and contingency plan, or to research or monitor the risk, The Human Support Technology Development program includes many projects with independently achievable goals. Each project must do independent risk management, considering all its risks together and trading them against performance, budget, and schedule. Since the program can succeed even if some projects fail, the program risk has a complex dependence on the individual project risks.

jones, Harry

2005-01-01

96

Transmastoid labyrinthectomy: reliable surgical management of vertigo.  

PubMed

Transmastoid labyrinthectomy has continued to be an important part of the surgical armamentarium for patients with vertigo and nonserviceable hearing loss. Continuing experience substantiates our earlier impression that the vestibular system usually accommodates rapidly to complete unilateral surgical ablation, regardless of age or degree of residual vestibular activity in the ear (as measured by preoperative bithermal caloric testing). Although the symptom of vertigo is reliably treated by transmastoid labyrinthectomy, a patient questionnaire has demonstrated a significant incidence of mild to moderate persisting postoperative dysequilibrium. Although this dysequilibrium is usually not debilitating, this questionnaire has demonstrated its existence more precisely than a retrospective review of the patients' clinical records. This study reviews 110 patients who underwent labyrinthectomy between 1978 and 1985. We remain impressed at the efficacy of the transmastoid labyrinthectomy in relieving the symptom of vertigo. PMID:2502763

Kemink, J L; Telian, S A; Graham, M D; Joynt, L

1989-07-01

97

The Risk Management Program Rule  

SciTech Connect

The Risk Management Program (RMP) Rule was promulgated on May 24, 1996. Affected facilities will have three years to come into compliance. This long anticipated federal rule is mandated by section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. It requires facilities to develop and implement appropriate risk management programs to minimize the frequency and severity of plant accidents. In keeping with recent regulatory trends, the USEPA is requiring a performance-based approach towards compliance with the RMP Rule. Affected facilities are either subject to the OSHA PSM Rule, or store one of the listed chemicals above the specified threshold quantity. Examples of affected facilities include chemical manufacturers, petrochemical plants, electronic and semiconductor manufacturers, pulp and paper mills, textile manufacturers, food and cold storage plants, and public services. This paper will present an overview of the RMP, and the status of the implementation of the RMP. Several different approaches utilized in compliance with the rule will be described.

Eggleston, T.

1997-08-01

98

Managing Risk in the Modern World  

E-print Network

Managing Risk in the Modern World Applications of Bayesian Networks A Knowledge Transfer Report By Norman Fenton and Martin Neil #12;13 MANAGING RISK IN THE MODERN WORLD Applications of Bayesian Networks of Agena, a company that specialises in risk management for critical systems. Norman is an Affiliated

Fenton, Norman

99

Global supply chain risk management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Global supply chains are more risky than domestic supply chains due to numerous links interconnecting a wide network of firms. These links are prone to disruptions, bankruptcies, breakdowns, macroeconomic and political changes, and disasters leading to higher risks and making risk management difficult. The purpose of this paper is to explore the phenomenon of risk management and risk

Ila Manuj; John T. Mentzer

2008-01-01

100

REAL-TIME RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT & MANAGEMENT OF MARINE PIPELINES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-line instrumentation information processing procedures have been developed and implemented to permit 'real-time' assessment of the reliability characteristics of marine pipelines. The objective of this work is to provide pipeline engineers, owners and operators with additional useful information that can help determine what should be done to help maintain pipelines. This paper describes the real-time RAM (reliability assessment and management)

Robert Bea; Charles Smith; Bob Smith; Johannes Rosenmoeller; Thomas Beuker; Bryce Brown

2002-01-01

101

Using dynamic risk and protective factors to predict inpatient aggression: reliability and validity of START assessments.  

PubMed

The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START; C. D. Webster, M. L. Martin, J. Brink, T. L. Nicholls, & S. L. Desmarais, 2009; C. D. Webster, M. L. Martin, J. Brink, T. L. Nicholls, & C. Middleton, 2004) is a relatively new structured professional judgment guide for the assessment and management of short-term risks associated with mental, substance use, and personality disorders. The scheme may be distinguished from other violence risk assessment instruments because of its inclusion of 20 dynamic factors that are rated in terms of both vulnerability and strength. This study examined the reliability and validity of START assessments in predicting inpatient aggression. Research assistants completed START assessments for 120 male forensic psychiatric patients through review of hospital files. They also completed Historical-Clinical-Risk Management-20 (HCR-20; C. D. Webster, K. S. Douglas, D. Eaves, & S. D. Hart, 1997) and Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV; S. D. Hart, D. N. Cox, & R. D. Hare, 1995) assessments. Outcome data were coded from hospital files for a 12-month follow-up period using the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS; S. C. Yudofsky, J. M. Silver, W. Jackson, J. Endicott, & D. W. Williams, 1986). START assessments evidenced excellent interrater reliability and demonstrated both predictive and incremental validity over the HCR-20 Historical subscale scores and PCL:SV total scores. Overall, results support the reliability and validity of START assessments and use of the structured professional judgment approach more broadly, as well as the value of using dynamic risk and protective factors to assess violence risk. PMID:22250595

Desmarais, Sarah L; Nicholls, Tonia L; Wilson, Catherine M; Brink, Johann

2012-09-01

102

Enhancing Performance And Reliability of Rule Management Platforms  

E-print Network

.1145/2668930.2688035. 1. INTRODUCTION Widely used in different software applications (e.g., anti-money- laundering, fraud detection, network monitoring, stock exchange trading, insurance claim management, and risk assessment) [65

Grechanik, Mark

103

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services  

E-print Network

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services Workers' Compensation Update WORKERS' COMPENSATION PHARMACY BENEFIT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The California State University system has partnered with ScripNet to provide a Workers' Compensation Pharmacy Benefit Management Program beginning July 1, 2010

de Lijser, Peter

104

Who Manages Risk? An Empirical Examination of Risk Management Practices in the Gold Mining Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines a new database that details corporate risk management activity in the North American gold mining industry. The author finds little empirical support for the predictive power of theories that view risk management as a means to maximize shareholder value. However, firms whose managers hold more options manage less gold price risk, and firms whose managers hold more

Peter Tufano

1996-01-01

105

Calysto: Risk Management for Commercial Manned Spaceflight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Calysto: Risk Management for Commercial Manned Spaceflight study analyzes risk management in large enterprises and how to effectively communicate risks across organizations. The Calysto Risk Management tool developed by NASA's Kennedy Space Center's SharePoint team is used and referenced throughout the study. Calysto is a web-base tool built on Microsoft's SharePoint platform. The risk management process at NASA is examined and incorporated in the study. Using risk management standards from industry and specific organizations at the Kennedy Space Center, three methods of communicating and elevating risk are examined. Each method describes details of the effectiveness and plausibility of using the method in the Calysto Risk Management Tool. At the end of the study suggestions are made for future renditions of Calysto.

Dillaman, Gary

2012-01-01

106

Risk Management and Risk Analysis-Based Decision Tools for Attacks on Electric Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incident data about disruptions to the electric power grid provide useful information that can be used as inputs into risk management policies in the energy sector for disruptions from a variety of origins including terrorist attacks. This paper uses data from the Disturbance Analysis Working Group (DAWG) database, which is maintained by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) to

Jeffrey S. Simonoff; Carlos E. Restrepo; Rae Zimmerman

2004-01-01

107

Risk-Management and Risk-Analysis-Based Decision Tools for Attacks on Electric Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incident data about disruptions to the electric power grid provide useful information that can be used as inputs into risk management policies in the energy sector for disruptions from a variety of origins including terrorist attacks. This paper uses data from the Disturbance Analysis Working Group (DAWG) database, which is maintained by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) to

Jeffrey S. Simonoff; Carlos E. Restrepo; Rae Zimmerman

2007-01-01

108

Risk Policy and Risk Management Procedures The University's Risk Policy sets out The University's approach to risk and its  

E-print Network

Risk Policy and Risk Management Procedures Preface The University's Risk Policy sets out The University's approach to risk and its management together with the means for identifying, analysing and managing risk in order to minimise its frequency and impact. The risks considered significant

Aickelin, Uwe

109

78 FR 18817 - Revisions to Reliability Standard for Transmission Vegetation Management  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Transmission Vegetation Management AGENCY: Federal Energy...reliability and vegetation management. Trade Associations...including vegetation management. Trade Associations...Commission to take a leadership role in initiating...

2013-03-28

110

Enterprise risk management: small business scorecard analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise risk management has become an important consideration in all aspects of business, including production planning. Business risk scorecards are important tools to monitor the performance of organisations. This article demonstrates the value of business scorecards as a means to monitor organisational performance with respect to risk management. A small bank credit loan case is used to make this demonstration.

Desheng Dash Wu; David L. Olson

2009-01-01

111

Audit & Risk Management Committee Charter 1. Introduction  

E-print Network

on the University's risk, control, compliance, internal audit and governance framework, and its external University (ANU) Council has established the Audit and Risk Management Committee (ARMC) in compliance2014 Audit & Risk Management Committee Charter 1. Introduction 1.1 The Australian National

112

A Roundtable Overview Managing Enterprise Risk  

E-print Network

and governance of enterprise risk management can vary -- but must be thought through deliberately, and aligned might have done wrong. Sandra Carson, VP for Enterprise Risk and Compliance at Sysco Corporation, openedA Roundtable Overview Managing Enterprise Risk #12;© 2012 Glassmeyer/McNamee Center for Digital

Shepherd, Simon

113

Risk Aversion in Inventory Management , Melvyn Sim  

E-print Network

Risk Aversion in Inventory Management Xin Chen , Melvyn Sim , David Simchi-Levi§ and Peng Sun variations. Evidently, not all inventory managers are risk neutral; many planners are willing to tradeoff¶ February 22, 2003 Abstract Traditional inventory models focus on risk neutral decision makers, i

Chen, Xin

114

Risk assessment modeling in aviation safety management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Safety risk management is important in aviation. This paper develops a quantitative model for assessing aviation safety risk factors as a means of increasing the effectiveness of safety risk management system by integrating the fuzzy linguistic scale method, failure mode, effects and criticality analysis principle, and as low as reasonably practicable approach. The model is developed by evaluating all related

Wen-Kuei Lee

2006-01-01

115

Corporate social reporting and reputation risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the proposition that corporate social responsibility reporting could be viewed as both an outcome of, and part of reputation risk management processes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws heavily on management research. In addition, an image restoration framework is introduced. Findings – The concept of reputation risk management could assist in

Jan Bebbington; Carlos Larrinaga; Jose M. Moneva

2008-01-01

116

Reliability-Aware Dynamic Energy Management in Dependable Embedded Real-Time Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

on system reliability because of the increased rate of transient faults (e.g., those induced by cosmic particles). In this work, we propose energy management schemes that explicitly take system reliability into consideration. The proposed reliability-aware energy management schemes dynamically schedule recoveries for tasks to be scaled down to recuperate the reliability loss due to energy management. Based on the amount

Dakai Zhu

2006-01-01

117

Managing Research in a Risk World  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Office of Chief Medical Officer (OCHMO) owns all human health and performance risks managed by the Human System Risk Board (HSRB). While the HSRB manages the risks, the Human Research Program (HRP) manages the research portion of the overall risk mitigation strategy for these risks. The HSRB manages risks according to a process that identifies and analyzes risks, plans risk mitigation and tracks and reviews the implementation of these strategies according to its decisions pertaining to the OCHMO risk posture. HRP manages risk research work using an architecture that describes evidence-based risks, gaps in our knowledge about characterizing or mitigating the risk, and the tasks needed to produce deliverables to fill the gaps and reduce the risk. A planning schedule reflecting expected research milestones is developed, and as deliverables and new evidence are generated, research progress is tracked via the Path to Risk Reduction (PRR) that reflects a risk's research plan for a design reference mission. HRP's risk research process closely interfaces with the HSRB risk management process. As research progresses, new deliverables and evidence are used by the HSRB in conjunction with other operational and non-research evidence to inform decisions pertaining to the likelihood and consequence of the risk and risk posture. Those decisions in turn guide forward work for research as it contributes to overall risk mitigation strategies. As HRP tracks its research work, it aligns its priorities by assessing the effectiveness of its contributions and maintaining specific core competencies that would be invaluable for future work for exploration missions.

Anton, W.; Havenhill, M.

2014-01-01

118

Continuous Risk Management: A NASA Program Initiative  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NPG 7120.5A, "NASA Program and Project Management Processes and Requirements" enacted in April, 1998, requires that "The program or project manager shall apply risk management principles..." The Software Assurance Technology Center (SATC) at NASA GSFC has been tasked with the responsibility for developing and teaching a systems level course for risk management that provides information on how to comply with this edict. The course was developed in conjunction with the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, then tailored to the NASA systems community. This presentation will briefly discuss the six functions for risk management: (1) Identify the risks in a specific format; (2) Analyze the risk probability, impact/severity, and timeframe; (3) Plan the approach; (4) Track the risk through data compilation and analysis; (5) Control and monitor the risk; (6) Communicate and document the process and decisions.

Hammer, Theodore F.; Rosenberg, Linda

1999-01-01

119

RISK SEVERITY GUIDELINES For Issues Management Application  

E-print Network

RISK SEVERITY GUIDELINES For Issues Management Application OIA/OCA Risk Methodology, Document # 04 monitoring and analysis Systematic non-compliance with regulations/contract and risks are analyzed, deemed high, controls in place to keep risks low 2 Moderate Hazard to the safety and health of workers

120

Credit Risk: Pricing, Measurement, and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Credit risk is the major challenge for risk managers and market regulators. Banks, regulators and central banks do not agree on how to measure credit risk and, more particularly, on how to compute the optimal capital that is necessary for protecting the different partners that share this risk. Asking banks to keep too much capital in reserve to cover credit

Viral Acharya; Kenneth J. Singleton

2005-01-01

121

The virtues of operational risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a short review of the rules of Basel II regarding the treatment of operational risk, this paper focuses on four axes of operational risk management: static analysis of losses with incident databases; dynamic analysis of losses with dashboards and loss ratios; key risks and performance indicators, and finally, risk and control self-assessment. This contribution, based both on academic research

Ariane Chapelle

2006-01-01

122

Assessing and Managing Risk with Suicidal Individuals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Washington Risk Assessment Protocol (UWRAP) and Risk Assessment and Management Protocol (UWRAMP) have been used in numerous clinical trials treating high-risk suicidal individuals over several years. These protocols structure assessors and treatment providers to provide a thorough suicide risk assessment, review standards of care…

Linehan, Marsh M.; Comtois, Katherine A.; Ward-Ciesielski, Erin F.

2012-01-01

123

DEGRADATION SUSCEPTIBILITY METRICS AS THE BASES FOR BAYESIAN RELIABILITY MODELS OF AGING PASSIVE COMPONENTS AND LONG-TERM REACTOR RISK  

SciTech Connect

Conventional probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) are not well-suited to addressing long-term reactor operations. Since passive structures, systems and components are among those for which refurbishment or replacement can be least practical, they might be expected to contribute increasingly to risk in an aging plant. Yet, passives receive limited treatment in PRAs. Furthermore, PRAs produce only snapshots of risk based on the assumption of time-independent component failure rates. This assumption is unlikely to be valid in aging systems. The treatment of aging passive components in PRA does present challenges. First, service data required to quantify component reliability models are sparse, and this problem is exacerbated by the greater data demands of age-dependent reliability models. A compounding factor is that there can be numerous potential degradation mechanisms associated with the materials, design, and operating environment of a given component. This deepens the data problem since the risk-informed management of materials degradation and component aging will demand an understanding of the long-term risk significance of individual degradation mechanisms. In this paper we describe a Bayesian methodology that integrates the metrics of materials degradation susceptibility being developed under the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Proactive Management of Materials of Degradation Program with available plant service data to estimate age-dependent passive component reliabilities. Integration of these models into conventional PRA will provide a basis for materials degradation management informed by the predicted long-term operational risk.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.; Ford, Benjamin E.

2011-07-17

124

Overview of Risk Management for Engineered Nanomaterials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) is considered a new and challenging occurrence. Preliminary information from laboratory studies indicates that workers exposed to some kinds of ENMs could be at risk of adverse health effects. To protect the nanomaterial workforce, a precautionary risk management approach is warranted and given the newness of ENMs and emergence of nanotechnology, a naturalistic view of risk management is useful. Employers have the primary responsibility for providing a safe and healthy workplace. This is achieved by identifying and managing risks which include recognition of hazards, assessing exposures, characterizing actual risk, and implementing measures to control those risks. Following traditional risk management models for nanomaterials is challenging because of uncertainties about the nature of hazards, issues in exposure assessment, questions about appropriate control methods, and lack of occupational exposure limits (OELs) or nano-specific regulations. In the absence of OELs specific for nanomaterials, a precautionary approach has been recommended in many countries. The precautionary approach entails minimizing exposures by using engineering controls and personal protective equipment (PPE). Generally, risk management utilizes the hierarchy of controls. Ideally, risk management for nanomaterials should be part of an enterprise-wide risk management program or system and this should include both risk control and a medical surveillance program that assesses the frequency of adverse effects among groups of workers exposed to nanomaterials. In some cases, the medical surveillance could include medical screening of individual workers to detect early signs of work-related illnesses. All medical surveillance should be used to assess the effectiveness of risk management; however, medical surveillance should be considered as a second line of defense to ensure that implemented risk management practices are effective.

Schulte, P. A.; Geraci, C. L.; Hodson, L. L.; Zumwalde, R. D.; Kuempel, E. D.; Murashov, V.; Martinez, K. F.; Heidel, D. S.

2013-04-01

125

Reliability, Risk and Cost Trade-Offs for Composite Designs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Risk and cost trade-offs have been simulated using a probabilistic method. The probabilistic method accounts for all naturally-occurring uncertainties including those in constituent material properties, fabrication variables, structure geometry and loading conditions. The probability density function of first buckling load for a set of uncertain variables is computed. The probabilistic sensitivity factors of uncertain variables to the first buckling load is calculated. The reliability-based cost for a composite fuselage panel is defined and minimized with respect to requisite design parameters. The optimization is achieved by solving a system of nonlinear algebraic equations whose coefficients are functions of probabilistic sensitivity factors. With optimum design parameters such as the mean and coefficient of variation (representing range of scatter) of uncertain variables, the most efficient and economical manufacturing procedure can be selected. In this paper, optimum values of the requisite design parameters for a predetermined cost due to failure occurrence are computationally determined. The results for the fuselage panel analysis show that the higher the cost due to failure occurrence, the smaller the optimum coefficient of variation of fiber modulus (design parameter) in longitudinal direction.

Shiao, Michael C.; Singhal, Surendra N.; Chamis, Christos C.

1996-01-01

126

Joint Seminar -Risk Management Institute and  

E-print Network

Joint Seminar - Risk Management Institute and Department of Finance Details of Seminar Date: 4 affine jump-diffusion models in capturing the joint dynamics of stock and option prices. We develop all the models we consider. Risk Management Institute Joint Seminar #12;

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

127

Risk management and the medical profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the need for risk management in a health care setting in both financial and personal terms. Sets out the stages of a risk management programme. Stresses the need to incorporate such a programme in every hospital setting in order to reduce negligence claims so that scarce resources can be directed more towards patient care. The identification, analysis and control

Margaret O’Donovan

1997-01-01

128

Doctoral Education, Danger and Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how risk management is reworking the doctoral supervisor\\/candidate relationship. We argue that a larger and more diverse population of doctoral students means special challenges for universities worldwide in managing doctoral programs to optimise their productivity and minimise the risk of failure, costliness and\\/or litigation. An effect of this is that professional and personal relationships in universities, as

Erica McWilliam; Parlo Singh; Peter G. Taylor

2002-01-01

129

Integrated Disaster Risk Management of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper firstly introduces the disaster (public security) status quo and situation of China briefly, and then gives a detailed explanation of the integrated disaster risk management system. China is one of the most natural disaster affected countries in the world. The disaster risk reduction work in China includes the pre-disaster decentralized management with separate fields and departments, the in-disaster

Peijun Shi; Jing Liu; Qinghai Yao; Di Tang; Xi Yang

130

Risk Management for Distributed Authorization Christian Skalka  

E-print Network

Risk Management for Distributed Authorization Christian Skalka University of Vermont X. Sean Wang, realistic considerations may associate risk with some of these elements, for example some actors may be less trusted than others. Furthermore, practical online authorization may require certain levels of risk

Skalka, Christian

131

Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference  

E-print Network

Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference October 2009 1.0 Purpose The purposes of the Steering Committee are: a) to follow a continuous process to understand and communicate risk from an university-wide perspective: b) to provide a university-wide opportunity to discuss risk issues, including

Victoria, University of

132

Landslide risk assessment and management: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Landslides can result in enormous casualties and huge economic losses in mountainous regions. In order to mitigate landslide hazard effectively, new methodologies are required to develop a better understanding of landslide hazard and to make rational decisions on the allocation of funds for management of landslide risk. Recent advances in risk analysis and risk assessment are beginning to provide systematic

F. c. Dai; C. f. Lee; Y. y. Ngai

2002-01-01

133

Integrated environmental risk management in real estate transactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional risk management posits a rational, five?step process for managing risks. The outstanding difference between this traditional process and the environmental risk management process lies in the technicality and complexity of step one (identifying and analyzing environmental risk) and of the first part of step two (examining the feasibility of alternative risk management, specifically, risk control techniques). The two main

Susan Neuman

1998-01-01

134

Integrated risk management of hydro power scheduling and contract management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the implementation of a new integrated tool for risk management in hydropower systems. Earlier practice in Scandinavia has been to separate operations scheduling and contract management. In the present approach operation scheduling and hedging by future contacts are integrated in one model. The risk level is controlled by setting revenue targets. Revenues below target are penalized; this

Birger Mo; Anders Gjelsvik; Asbjűrn Grundt

2001-01-01

135

Risk Management Plans (Executive Summaries)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Right-to-Know Network (RTK Net) has recently placed a large database of summaries (approximately 14,000) of risk management plans (RMPs) concerning "worst-case" and less severe accident scenarios at chemical facilities. The RMPs were required of certain chemical facilities and presented to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which originally intended to place them online. However, Congress and the White House, spurred on by warnings of security specialists, objected, arguing that this document might serve as a road map to would-be terrorists. The worst-case-scenario information has been exempted from the Freedom of Information Act for one year to allow the Administration time to address these security concerns. RTK Net has made these more easily available in the interest of public awareness and to confront chemical companies that have tried to hide or at least downplay chemical releases. Users can browse the RMPs by state or conduct a keyword search. The About the Data section also offers a number of related links.

136

Risk management - What about software?  

SciTech Connect

Risks in software systems arise from many directions. There are risks that the software is faulty, that the system may be attacked, that safety hazards exist, that the system may be inoperable or untimely, that an abnormal event may cause unexpected actions, etc. Risk analysis tools should support and document risk-mitigation decisions and facilitate understanding of residual risks. These tools must be based on a sound theory of risk, which does not exist today. Probabilistic risk assessment techniques apply to physically-based systems where failure modes and event dependence are fairly well understood. But they cannot be blindly applied to software systems, which do not share these characteristics. Moreover, we need to meld many diverse aspects of risk for software systems. This presentation will explore some thought-provoking ideas about modeling, problem spaces, solution approaches, math, decision friendly output, and the role of risk analysis in the software lifecycle.

NONE

1996-07-01

137

Case Management with At-Risk Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue attempts to provide some initial answers to questions about the use of case management in serving disadvantaged youth. "Case Management with At-Risk Youth" presents some basic lessons synthesized from a review of case management in employment programs and in services for teenage parents, the elderly, and the developmentally disabled. It…

Youth Programs, 1988

1988-01-01

138

FARMERS’ RISK PERCEPTION AND RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON  

Microsoft Academic Search

The local, regional and global economic and natural phenomena of previous decades collectively emphasize the growing importance of risk factors affecting agricultural production both directly and indirectly. Agricultural producers should not restrict their risk management strategies to offset and relieve the problems caused by climatic and natural phenomena, but the knowledge of up-to-date professional, market, and agricultural policy developments is

Peter Palinkas; Csaba Szekely

2008-01-01

139

PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

September 26, 1997. The Presidential/Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment and Risk Management, which was mandated as part of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, was disbanded on August 31, 1997, with some staff work continuing into September. The reports and asso...

140

Risk management for micro-satellite design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown how the methods of risk analysis have been used in the University of Rome micro-satellite program. One of the driving research topics related to this program is the reduction of cost in building spacecraft. The probability risk analysis techniques seem to be a powerful tool in the field of micro-satellites design, to outline possible faults. Innovation and limited budget forcing the designer to move in a very "risky" environment and can be faced with an as rigorous as possible decision making method. In our project, cost reduction is often attained relying on commercial, not space-rated components, which of course increases risk. This is why the design process should be led by the careful analysis of the risk associated with the selection of components and construction techniques. In standard applications risk can be evaluated from reliability data obtained in previous and well known similar applications. In our case, for many components, there is a lack of reliability data, due to the obvious missing experience when dealing with not yet space qualified, or even never flown before components. This lack is overcome using numerical simulations and practical engineering considerations, but does not allow a rigorous reliability assessment. A simple qualitative analysis is used to rank priorities among subsystems and allocate economic resources and development efforts. The main risk source is space radiation effect on CMOS electronic components. Therefore, development resources are directed to radiation effect mitigation. A procedure is proposed to lower risk without using space rated components.

Santoni, Fabio

2004-02-01

141

The Relationship Between Information Security and Fraud Risk Management  

E-print Network

The Relationship Between Information Security and Fraud Risk Management by Mr. Chris Smith Head risk management, physical protective security, business continuity management, security intelligence of Regional Security & Fraud Risk HSBC THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG Department of Information

Huang, Jianwei

142

RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK: HELPING ORGANIZATIONS IMPLEMENT EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAMS  

E-print Network

RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK: HELPING ORGANIZATIONS IMPLEMENT EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAMS of Standards and Technology The management of risks to information technology (IT) systems is a fundamental component of every organization's information security program. An effective risk management process enables

143

Risk Assessment & Management This chapter presents the Council's approach to addressing uncertainty and managing risk. After  

E-print Network

Risk Assessment & Management This chapter presents the Council's approach to addressing uncertainty and managing risk. After reviewing the reasons for addressing uncertainty in the Council's Fifth Power Plan the studies evaluated the performance of resource plans under uncertainty, including their associated risk

144

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Types of Risk  

E-print Network

work- shops. The Professional Animal Scientist, 12:257-266. Thurow, T. L. and C. A. Taylor, Jr. 1999. Viewpoint: the role of drought in range management. Journal of Range Management, 52:413-419. White, L. D., T. R. Troxel, J. G. Pena and D. E.. Guynn... was provided by the Texas Agricultural Extension Service risk management initiative. R i s k M a n ag ement E d u c a t i o n ? ...

White, Larry D.; Hanselka, C. Wayne

2000-11-01

145

Risk Management Policy Date: 08/01/2013  

E-print Network

Risk Management Policy Date: 08/01/2013 Approving body: Risk Management Group Version number: 2013.01 Steward: Brian Kennedy, Risk Adviser Principles Through a process of Risk Management, the University objectives. In particular, Risk Management has the aim of helping to protect the University's reputation

Brierley, Andrew

146

Quality and risk management: what are the key issues?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the field of risk management in relation to the connection to quality management. It poses and attempts to answer three questions. What can quality teach risk management? What can risk management teach quality? What must both risk and quality management still learn? This is an area which has so far

Roger Williams; Boudewijn Bertsch; Barrie Dale; Ton van der Wiele; Jos van Iwaarden; Mark Smith; Rolf Visser

2006-01-01

147

Development and reliability of a brief skin cancer risk assessment tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to develop and pilot test a brief skin cancer risk assessment tool (BRAT), a self-administered instrument that can be reliably used to assess skin cancer risk. To develop the BRAT, we critically reviewed published literature on risk factors; formulated a draft questionnaire; pilot tested the questionnaire; and retested 1 month later. The BRAT items address the key

Karen Glanz; Elinor Schoenfeld; Martin A Weinstock; Gabriela Layi; Jeanne Kidd; Dorothy M Shigaki

2003-01-01

148

Risk-based Statistical Testing: A Refinement-based Approach to the Reliability Analysis of  

E-print Network

1 Risk-based Statistical Testing: A Refinement- based Approach to the Reliability Analysis--In this paper, a method is presented that allows to automatically generate test cases for risk-based testing of safety- critical systems. This is done through the systematic construction or refinement of risk

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Risk management applied to security. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report is a small part of a large integrated program of FEMA that has been designated Protection of Industrial Capability (PIC). For an overview of the work performed at this laboratory, see report number UCID-20296 entitled Protection of Industrial Capability Program Pre-Decision Support. Current risk management theory and practices were determined through a literature search and interviews with risk managers from critical industries. This report details the results of our literature search and interviews and evaluates the security preparedness implications of current practices. This report contains recommendations for risk management approaches that can be presented to private industry to assist them in protecting assets and a research plan that FEMA can undertake to develop better risk management techniques.

Renis, T.A.

1985-01-01

150

Essays in banking and risk management  

E-print Network

(cont.) Risk Management have begun implementing strategies to provide commodity price and weather insurance in the developing world. In Chapter 3 (joint with Professor Rob Townsend from the University of Chicago), we examine ...

Vickery, James Ian, 1974-

2004-01-01

151

LISTSERVER - NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

To expand and improve communication to stakeholders, the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) has established a listserver to more quickly announce publications, workshops, conferences, and other activities related to NRMRL's research activities. The listserver i...

152

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RISK MANAGEMENT OFFICE  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RISK MANAGEMENT OFFICE Certificate of Insurance Request Form: Auto Liability Limits: Property Liability Limits: Workers Certificate is automatically sent to the Certificate Holder via US Post Office Mail. Fax/email copy to

Heaton, Thomas H.

153

The NASA Continuous Risk Management Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As an intern this summer in the GRC Risk Management Office, I have become familiar with the NASA Continuous Risk Management Process. In this process, risk is considered in terms of the probability that an undesired event will occur and the impact of the event, should it occur (ref., NASA-NPG: 7120.5). Risk management belongs in every part of every project and should be ongoing from start to finish. Another key point is that a risk is not a problem until it has happened. With that in mind, there is a six step cycle for continuous risk management that prevents risks from becoming problems. The steps are: identify, analyze, plan, track, control, and communicate & document. Incorporated in the first step are several methods to identify risks such as brainstorming and using lessons learned. Once a risk is identified, a risk statement is made on a risk information sheet consisting of a single condition and one or more consequences. There can also be a context section where the risk is explained in more detail. Additionally there are three main goals of analyzing a risk, which are evaluate, classify, and prioritize. Here is where a value is given to the attributes of a risk &e., probability, impact, and timeframe) based on a multi-level classification system (e.g., low, medium, high). It is important to keep in mind that the definitions of these levels are probably different for each project. Furthermore the risks can be combined into groups. Then, the risks are prioritized to see what risk is necessary to mitigate first. After the risks are analyzed, a plan is made to mitigate as many risks as feasible. Each risk should be assigned to someone in the project with knowledge in the area of the risk. Then the possible approaches to choose from are: research, accept, watch, or mitigate. Next, all risks, mitigated or not, are tracked either individually or in groups. As the plan is executed, risks are re-evaluated, and the attribute values are adjusted as necessary. Metrics are established and monitored as tools for risk tracking. Also a trigger or threshold should be set on the metric data that indicates when an action is needed. Results of this tracking are usually evaluated and reported in a relevant format at weekly or monthly meetings. Choosing controls is the subsequent step, which involves the effects of the tracking. The three basic controls are: close, continue tracking, and re- plan. Finally communicate & document is the last step, but occurs throughout the process. It is vital that main risks, plans, changes, and progress are known by everyone in the project. A good way to keep everyone updated and inform other projects of common issues is by thoroughly documenting project risks. NASA sees value in risk management and believes that projects have greater probability or success by using the NASA Continuous Risk Management Process.

Pokorny, Frank M.

2004-01-01

154

Modeling Risks in Infrastructure Asset Management  

E-print Network

MODELING RISKS IN INFRASTRUCTURE ASSET MANAGEMENT A Dissertation by SEYED REZA SEYEDOLSHOHADAIE Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY... August 2011 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering MODELING RISKS IN INFRASTRUCTURE ASSET MANAGEMENT A Dissertation by SEYED REZA SEYEDOLSHOHADAIE Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment...

Seyedolshohadaie, Seyed Reza

2012-10-19

155

Risk Management: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on risks and challenges of conducting adventure programming in foreign countries. Recommends actions to take before the crisis (involving assumptions, risk evaluation, emergency evacuation plans, awareness of medical-care costs, and foreign communications systems, family procedures plan, briefings); during the crisis (meeting staff and…

Garvey, Daniel

1998-01-01

156

Individual Risk Management for Digital Payment Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite existing security standards and security technologies, such as secure hardware, gaps between users' demand for security and the security offered by a payment system can still remain. These security gaps imply risks for users. In this paper, we introduce a framework for the management of those risks. As a result, we present an instrument enabling users to evaluate eventual

Martin Reichenbach; Torsten Grzebieta; Torsten Költzsch; Ingo Pippow

2000-01-01

157

Risk management, derivatives and shariah compliance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the impressive growth of Islamic Banking and Finance (IBF), a number of weaknesses remain. The most important of this is perhaps the lack of shariah compliant risk management tools. While the risk sharing philosophy of Islamic Finance requires the acceptance of risk to justify returns, the shariah also requires adherents to avoid unnecessary risk-maysir. The requirement to avoid maysir is in essence a call for the prudent management of risk. Contemporary risk management revolves around financial engineering, the building blocks of which are financial derivatives. Despite the proven efficacy of derivatives in the management of risk in the conventional space, shariah scholars appear to be suspicious and uneasy with their use in IBF. Some have imposed outright prohibition of their use. This paper re-examines the issue of contemporary derivative instruments and shariah compliance. The shariah compatibility of derivatives is shown in a number of ways. First, by way of qualitative evaluation of whether derivatives can be made to comply with the key prohibitions of the sharia. Second, by way of comparing the payoff profiles of derivatives with risk sharing finance and Bai Salam contracts. Finally, the equivalence between shariah compliant derivatives like the IPRS and Islamic FX Currency Forwards with conventional ones is presented.

Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath

2013-04-01

158

Lessons Learned in Risk Management on NCSX  

SciTech Connect

The National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) was designed to test physics principles of an innovative stellarator design developed by the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Construction of some of the major components and sub-assemblies was completed, but the estimated cost and schedule for completing the project grew as the technical requirements and risks became better understood, leading to its cancellation in 2008. The project's risks stemmed from its technical challenges, primarily the complex component geometries and tight tolerances that were required. The initial baseline, established in 2004, was supported by a risk management plan and risk-based contingencies, both of which proved to be inadequate. Technical successes were achieved in the construction of challenging components and subassemblies, but cost and schedule growth was experienced. As part of an effort to improve project performance, a new risk management program was devised and implemented in 2007-08. It led to a better understanding of project risks, a sounder basis for contingency estimates, and improved management tools. Although the risks ultimately were unacceptable to the sponsor, valuable lessons in risk management were learned through the experiences with the NCSX project.

G.H. Neilson, C.O. Gruber, J.H. Harris, D.J. Rej, R.T. Simmons, and R.L. Strykowsky

2009-07-21

159

A cost-effective mechanism for Cloud data reliability management based on proactive replica checking  

E-print Network

A cost-effective mechanism for Cloud data reliability management based on proactive replica present a novel cost-effective data reliability management mechanism named PRCR, which proactively checks checking, data reliability, cost-effective storage, Cloud computing I. INTRODUCTION The size of Cloud

Yang, Yun

160

Risk management in medical equipment management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexity of medical equipment continues to increase, with a greater possibility that patient care could be compromised. The ability of the clinical user of medical equipment to verify the function of some medical devices is reducing; in some cases, it is non-existent. In an environment of increasing litigation, the pressure to “get it right” in the management of medical

R. D. Wilkins; L. K. Holley

1998-01-01

161

Controlling electrical hazards through effective risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) concluded that effective management of worker safety and protection is a decisive factor in reducing the extent and the severity of work-related injuries. Effective risk management addresses all work-related hazards including those potential hazards that could result from a change in worksite conditions or practices, whether or not they are regulated by government

Dennis K. Neitzel

2011-01-01

162

Risk Aversion in Inventory Management  

E-print Network

Traditional inventory models focus on risk-neutral decision makers, i.e., characterizing replenishment strategies that maximize expected total profit, or equivalently, minimize expected total cost over a planning horizon. ...

Chen, Xin

163

Driving forces and risk management  

EPA Science Inventory

From a public health perspective, food safety is the overall goal and there are two distinct areas where interventions to this end can take place ? either pre- or post-harvest. In pre-harvest, water quality management is the focus whereas post-harvest quality management depends ...

164

Research about online security warning and risk assessment of power grid based on Energy Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, online security warning and risk assessment of power grid are proposed, based on date from Energy Management System(EMS), combined with information about real-time operation state, component status and external operating environment. It condenses the two factors, contingency likelihood and severity, that determine system reliability, into risk indices on different loads and operation modes, which provide precise evaluation

Wang Hanyun; Wang Kangyuan; Zhang Yunxiao; Mei Guoqiang; Wu Mingming

2010-01-01

165

Recommendations for Insulin Dose Calculator Risk Management.  

PubMed

Several studies have shown the usefulness of an automated insulin dose bolus advisor (BA) in achieving improved glycemic control for insulin-using diabetes patients. Although regulatory agencies have approved several BAs over the past decades, these devices are not standardized in their approach to dosage calculation and include many features that may introduce risk to patients. Moreover, there is no single standard of care for diabetes worldwide and no guidance documents for BAs, specifically. Given the emerging and more stringent regulations on software used in medical devices, the approval process is becoming more difficult for manufacturers to navigate, with some manufacturers opting to remove BAs from their products altogether. A comprehensive literature search was performed, including publications discussing: diabetes BA use and benefit, infusion pump safety and regulation, regulatory submissions, novel BAs, and recommendations for regulation and risk management of BAs. Also included were country-specific and international guidance documents for medical device, infusion pump, medical software, and mobile medical application risk management and regulation. No definitive worldwide guidance exists regarding risk management requirements for BAs, specifically. However, local and international guidance documents for medical devices, infusion pumps, and medical device software offer guidance that can be applied to this technology. In addition, risk management exercises that are algorithm-specific can help prepare manufacturers for regulatory submissions. This article discusses key issues relevant to BA use and safety, and recommends risk management activities incorporating current research and guidance. PMID:24876550

Rees, Christen

2014-01-01

166

(Environmental and disaster management risk analysis)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler attended workshops on Environmental and Disaster Management Risk Analysis in New Delhi and Jaipur, India. The objective of the workshops was to provide technical knowledge to Indians in the areas of environmental planning, industrial hazards, risk analysis, and disaster management. Conference participants identified the following top priorities to aid in the development of environmental and disaster management in India: (1) technology transfer in the area of atmospheric dispersion modelling, (2) increased training of scientific personnel to effectively deal with environmental problems, and (3) access to data bases on toxicological properties of chemicals.

Travis, C.C.

1990-01-03

167

Reliability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In essence, reliability is the consistency of test results. To understand the meaning of reliability and how it relates to validity, imagine going to an airport to take flight #007 from Pittsburgh to San Diego. If, every time the airplane makes the flight

Christmann, Edwin P.; Badgett, John L.

2008-11-01

168

EWO Meeting, Mar. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management  

E-print Network

EWO Meeting, Mar. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management Risk Management for Chemical Supply Chain, PA Risk Management Chemical Supply chain: an integrated network of business units for the supply: managing the risks in supply chain planning · Chemical Supply Chain Planning Costs billions of dollars

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

169

CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management  

E-print Network

&RM LAB SAFETY CHEMICAL HYGIENE Juli A. Smith Director Safety & Risk Management (661) 6542066 jsmith101Page 1 CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management MAILING ADDRESS 9001 Stockdale Hwy, CIH Director of Safety & Risk Management (661) 6542066 jsmith101@csub.edu Risk Management

de Lijser, Peter

170

Space Weather and Management of Environmental Risks and Hazards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Space Weather" is defined as electromagnetic and particle conditions in the space environment that can disturb space-borne and ground-based technological systems (e.g. satellite operation, telecommunication, aviation, electric power transmission) and even endanger human health. Thus, space weather is of great importance to the society since people are dependent on reliable operation of modern technology, interruptions of which may lead to large economical and other losses. Physical processes involved in space weather constitute a complicated chain from the Sun to the Earth's surface. Thus, a full understanding of space weather and the risks it produces requires expertise in many different disciplines of science and technology. Space weather is a new subject among the natural risks and hazards which threaten the society and its infrastructure (although the first observations of ground effects of space weather were already made about 150 years ago). Monitoring systems for the management of other risks, such as floods, forest fires, etc., and for security are, to a great extent, based on satellite observations. Spacecraft and the communication between satellites and the ground are vulnerable to space weather. Thus, besides being a direct risk to technological systems, space weather may also be indirectly adverse to risk management. These two aspects of space weather are considered in a proposal to be submitted to EU's Sixth Framework Programme under the "Aeronautics and Space" priority in the "Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) / Risk Management" area in March 2004. The proposal coordinated by the Finnish Meteorological Institute with five to ten participating institutes is called SW-RISK ("Space Weather - Risk Indices from Scientific Know-how").

Pirjola, R.; Kauristie, K.; Lappalainen, H.

171

Evidence-Based Risk Management: How Can We Succeed?: Deliberations from a Risk Management Advisory Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management represents a fundamental shift in the traditional paradigm of the healthcare system from a passive, information-oriented role, communicating warnings and side effects, to one of action and accountability for the safe use of drugs within the marketplace. To further the healthcare system's goal of developing better risk management programs to ensure safe pharmaceutical use and protect public health,

Eleanor M. Perfetto; Russell Ellison; Susan Ackermann; Marjorie Sherr; Ana Maria Zaugg

2003-01-01

172

Managing the Library Fire Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of fire risks, causes, prevention, and salvage in libraries is presented in text and photographs. A description of some historic library fires demonstrates the value of adequate protection and preparedness programs to minimize loss and damage. The need for fire retardant construction and protection from valdalism and arson are…

Morris, John

173

Laboratory Quality Control Based on Risk Management  

PubMed Central

Risk management is the systematic application of management policies, procedures, and practices to the tasks of analyzing, evaluating, controlling and monitoring risk (the effect of uncertainty on objectives). Clinical laboratories conduct a number of activities that could be considered risk management including verification of performance of new tests, troubleshooting instrument problems and responding to physician complaints. Development of a quality control plan for a laboratory test requires a process map of the testing process with consideration for weak steps in the preanalytic, analytic and postanalytic phases of testing where there is an increased probability of errors. Control processes that either prevent or improve the detection of errors can be implemented at these weak points in the testing process to enhance the overall quality of the test result. This manuscript is based on a presentation at the 2nd International Symposium on Point of Care Testing held at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on October 12-13, 2010. Risk management principles will be reviewed and progress towards adopting a new Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute Guideline for developing laboratory quality control plans based on risk management will be discussed. PMID:21623049

Nichols, James H.

2011-01-01

174

Case histories in pharmaceutical risk management.  

PubMed

The development and implementation of programs in the U.S. to minimize risks and assess unintended consequences of new medications has been increasingly required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since the mid 1990s. This paper provides four case histories of risk management and post-marketing surveillance programs utilized recently to address problems associated with possible abuse, dependence and diversion. The pharmaceutical sponsors of each of these drugs were invited to present their programs and followed a similar template for their summaries that are included in this article. The drugs and presenting companies were OxyContin, an analgesic marketed by Purdue Pharma L.P., Daytrana and Vyvanse, ADHD medications marketed by Shire Pharmaceuticals, Xyrem for narcolepsy marketed by Jazz Pharmaceuticals, and Subutex and Suboxone for opioid dependence marketed by Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals Inc. These case histories and subsequent discussions provide invaluable real-world examples and illustrate both the promise of risk management programs in providing a path to market and/or for keeping on the market drugs with serious potential risks. They also illustrate the limitations of such programs in actually controlling unintended consequences, as well as the challenge of finding the right balance of reducing risks without posing undue barriers to patient access. These experiences are highly relevant as the FDA increasingly requires pharmaceutical sponsors to develop and implement the more formalized and enforceable versions of the risk management term Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS). PMID:19767156

McCormick, Cynthia G; Henningfield, Jack E; Haddox, J David; Varughese, Sajan; Lindholm, Anders; Rosen, Susan; Wissel, Janne; Waxman, Deborah; Carter, Lawrence P; Seeger, Vickie; Johnson, Rolley E

2009-12-01

175

Role of LEPCs in risk management and risk communication  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 112(r) of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to develop regulations that would require development and implementation of risk management programs at facilities that manufacture, process, use, store, or otherwise handle regulated substances in quantities that exceed specified threshold quantities. On January 31, 1994, EPA published the final rule establishing the List of Regulated Substances and Thresholds for Accidental Release Prevention. The proposed rule will require covered facilities to develop and implement a risk management program. The proposed rule will also require facilities to communicate various information to the local emergency planning committee (LEPC). This information may be provided in the form of consultation and communication during the development of various elements of the risk management program and/or by providing access to the risk management plan (RMP). These requirements not only place an additional regulatory burden on facilities but also create the need for the LEPCs to start planning for strategies to deal with significant amount of technical information in a meaningful and effective manner. This paper presents a summary of EPA`s proposed rule, the role of LEPCs in the implementation of many aspects of the rule, and a description of the potential contents of an RMP. Covered facilities as well as the LEPCs may gain a significant advantage by engaging in early dialogue and proactive education to determine mutual needs.

Mannan, M. [RMT/Jones and Neuse, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

176

A Cost-Effective Mechanism for Cloud Data Reliability Management Based on Proactive Replica Checking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In current Cloud computing environments, management of data reliability has become a challenge. For data-intensive scientific applications, storing data in the Cloud with the typical 3-replica replication strategy for managing the data reliability would incur huge storage cost. To address this issue, in this paper we present a novel cost-effective data reliability management mechanism named PRCR, which proactively checks the

Wenhao Li; Yun Yang; Jinjun Chen; Dong Yuan

2012-01-01

177

12 CFR 704.21 - Enterprise risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...independent risk management expert. The risk management expert will have post-graduate education; an actuarial, accounting, economics, financial, or legal background; and at least five years experience in identifying, assessing, and managing...

2012-01-01

178

12 CFR 615.5135 - Management of interest rate risk.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...develop and implement an interest rate risk management program as set forth in subpart G of this...directors shall adopt an interest rate risk management section of an asset/liability management policy which establishes interest...

2011-01-01

179

12 CFR 615.5135 - Management of interest rate risk.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...section of an asset/liability management policy which establishes...minimum, the interest rate risk management section shall establish policies...to obtain its desired risk management objectives; (d) Document the objectives that the...

2010-01-01

180

Relation Between Abductive and Inductive Types of Nursing Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we contrast inductive nursing risk management and abductive nursing risk management, point out the importance\\u000a of the abductive type, and suggest cooperation between them. In general risk management, inductive management is usually adopted.\\u000a If we computationally conduct inductive management, it is vital to collect a considerable number of examples to perform machine\\u000a learning. For nursing risk management,

Akinori Abe; Hiromi Itoh Ozaku; Noriaki Kuwahara; Kiyoshi Kogure

2006-01-01

181

Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) Version 2. 0 user's guide  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) is a state-of-the-art, microcomputer-based probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) model development and analysis tool to address key nuclear plant safety issues. IRRAS is an integrated software tool that gives the user the ability to create and analyze fault trees and accident sequences using a microcomputer. This program provides functions that range from graphical fault tree construction to cut set generation and quantification. Also provided in the system is an integrated full-screen editor for use when interfacing with remote mainframe computer systems. Version 1.0 of the IRRAS program was released in February of 1987. Since that time, many user comments and enhancements have been incorporated into the program providing a much more powerful and user-friendly system. This version has been designated IRRAS 2.0 and is the subject of this user's guide. Version 2.0 of IRRAS provides all of the same capabilities as Version 1.0 and adds a relational data base facility for managing the data, improved functionality, and improved algorithm performance. 9 refs., 292 figs., 4 tabs.

Russell, K.D.; Sattison, M.B. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA)); Rasmuson, D.M. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of Systems Research)

1990-06-01

182

RISK COMMUNICATION AS A RISK MANAGEMENT TOOL: A RISK COMMUNICATION WORKBOOK  

EPA Science Inventory

Communicating information about environmental risk to the people most affected by it is one of the major challenges faced by risk managers and community decision makers. Changing human behavior is a far more complex task than designing water retention systems or managing storm wa...

183

The Importance of Human Reliability Analysis in Human Space Flight: Understanding the Risks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

HRA is a method used to describe, qualitatively and quantitatively, the occurrence of human failures in the operation of complex systems that affect availability and reliability. Modeling human actions with their corresponding failure in a PRA (Probabilistic Risk Assessment) provides a more complete picture of the risk and risk contributions. A high quality HRA can provide valuable information on potential areas for improvement, including training, procedural, equipment design and need for automation.

Hamlin, Teri L.

2010-01-01

184

NGNP Risk Management through Assessing Technology Readiness  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project life cycle, technical risks are identified, analyzed, and mitigated and decisions are made regarding the design and selection of plant and sub-system configurations, components and their fabrication materials, and operating conditions. Risk resolution and decision making are key elements that help achieve project completion within budget and schedule constraints and desired plant availability. To achieve this objective, a formal decision-making and risk management process was developed for NGNP, based on proven systems engineering principles that have guided aerospace and military applications.

John W. Collins

2010-08-01

185

Risk based management of piping systems  

SciTech Connect

The API Piping Inspection Code is the first such Code to require classification of piping based on the consequences of failure, and to use this classification to influence inspection activity. Since this Code was published, progress has been made in the development of tools to improve on this approach by determining not only the consequences of failure, but also the likelihood of failure. ``Risk`` is defined as the product of the consequence and the likelihood. Measuring risk provides the means to formally manage risk by matching the inspection effort (costs) to the benefits of reduced risk. Using such a cost/benefit analysis allows the optimization of inspection budgets while meeting societal demands for reduction of the risk associated with process plant piping. This paper presents an overview of the tools developed to measure risk, and the methods to determine the effects of past and future inspections on the level of risk. The methodology is being developed as an industry-sponsored project under the direction of an API committee. The intent is to develop an API Recommended Practice that will be linked to In-Service Inspection Standards and the emerging Fitness for Service procedures. Actual studies using a similar approach have shown that a very high percentage of the risk due to piping in an operating facility is associated with relatively few pieces of piping. This permits inspection efforts to be focused on those piping systems that will result in the greatest risk reduction.

Conley, M.J.; Aller, J.E.; Tallin, A. [DNV Industry, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Weber, B.J. [DNV Technica, Houston, TX (United States)

1996-07-01

186

Risk Management Policy INTERNAL AUDIT Purpose of this document  

E-print Network

Risk Management Policy INTERNAL AUDIT SERVICE 1 Sept 2008 Purpose of this document 1. This risk. The policy explains the University's underlying approach to risk management, documents the roles aspects of the risk management process, and identifies the main reporting procedures. 3. In addition

Banaji,. Murad

187

CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management  

E-print Network

@csub.edu Director of S&RM LAB SAFETY CHEMICAL HYGIENE Juli A. Smith Director Safety & Risk Management (661) 654Page 1 CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management MAILING ADDRESS 9001 Stockdale Hwy Juli A. Smith, CIH Director of Safety & Risk Management (661) 654-2066 jsmith101@csub.edu Risk

de Lijser, Peter

188

Risk management of key issues of FPSO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk analysis of key systems have become a growing topic late of because of the development of offshore structures. Equipment failures of offloading system and fire accidents were analyzed based on the floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) features. Fault tree analysis (FTA), and failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) methods were examined based on information already researched on modules of relex reliability studio (RRS). Equipment failures were also analyzed qualitatively by establishing a fault tree and Boolean structure function based on the shortage of failure cases, statistical data, and risk control measures examined. Failure modes of fire accident were classified according to the different areas of fire occurrences during the FMEA process, using risk priority number (RPN) methods to evaluate their severity rank. The qualitative analysis of FTA gave the basic insight of forming the failure modes of FPSO offloading, and the fire FMEA gave the priorities and suggested processes. The research has practical importance for the security analysis problems of FPSO.

Sun, Liping; Sun, Hai

2012-12-01

189

Risk management of sediment stress: a framework for sediment risk management research.  

PubMed

Research related to the ecological risk management of sediment stress in watersheds is placed under a common conceptual framework in order to help promote the timely advance of decision support methods for aquatic resource managers and watershed-level planning. The proposed risk management research program relies heavily on model development and verification, and should be applied under an adaptive management approach. The framework is centered on using best management practices (BMPs), including eco-restoration. It is designed to encourage the development of numerical representations of the performance of these management options, the integration of this information into sediment transport simulation models that account for uncertainty in both input and output, and would use strategic environmental monitoring to guide sediment-related risk management decisions for mixed land use watersheds. The goal of this project was to provide a sound scientific framework based on recent state of the practice in sediment-related risk assessment and management for research and regulatory activities. As a result, shortcomings in the extant data and measurement and modeling tools were identified that can help determine future research direction. The compilation of information is beneficial to the coordination of related work being conducted within and across entities responsible for managing watershed-scale risks to aquatic ecosystems. PMID:16027999

Nietch, Christopher T; Borst, Michail; Schubauer-Berigan, Joseph P

2005-08-01

190

77 FR 13585 - Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity Risk Management Process Guideline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity Risk...Guideline AGENCY: Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability...DOE's intent to publish the Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity...

2012-03-07

191

UTILITY DATA ARCHIVING FOR RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA let a contract for a consultant to collect information about historical changes in operations and maintenance, design and construction, and planning and siting for water and wastewater infrastructure. The goal of this research study is to determine risk management alternativ...

192

TREATABILITY DATABASE (NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Risk Management Research Laboratory has developed and is continuing to expand a database on the effectiveness of proven treatment technologies in the removal/destruction of chemicals in various types of media, including water, wastewater, soil, debris, sludge, and se...

193

Credit risk management in financing agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

A griculture is an inherently risky economic activity. A large array of uncontrollable elements can affect output production and prices, resulting in highly variable economic returns to farm households. In developing countries, farmers also lack access to both modern instruments of risk management—such as agricultural insurance, futures contracts, or guarantee funds—and ex post emergency government assistance. Such farmers rely on

Mark D. Wenner

2010-01-01

194

Sustainable risk management for an evolving healthcare arena.  

PubMed

A sustainable risk management approach includes the use of extensive scenario analyses to mitigate the risk of reduced revenues from changes in payment and volume. A successful risk management program helps organizations prioritize strategies for risks that are likely to have the biggest impact on their business. Continually strengthening controls and mitigating risks through a risk management program can help to build an effective security and compliance program. PMID:24968634

Cole, Sarah A; Chaudhary, Raj; Bang, Derek A

2014-06-01

195

Risk perceptions and behavioral context: U.S. Forest Service fire management professionals  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fire managers from the U.S. Forest Service were surveyed to determine which decision factors most strongly influenced their fire?risk decisions. Safety, the resources at risk, public opinion, and the reliability of information were important influences on these decisions. This research allowed direct comparison between fire managers’ perceptions of factor importance and how their fire?risk decisions changed in response to those factors. These risk decisions were highly responsive to changes in context (an escaped wildfire decision versus a prescribed burning decision) as well as to changing factors. The results demonstrate the utility of using scenarios in risk research and the vital importance of context in studying risk?taking behavior. Research which attempts to remove risk decisions from their real?world context may well distort the nature of risk?taking behavior.

Taylor, Jonathan G.; Carpenter, Edwin H.; Cortner, Hanna J.; Cleaves, David A.

1989-01-01

196

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs  

E-print Network

and compared to BC Hydro's current large industrial DSM incentive program, Power Smart Partners ­ TransmissionMaximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs Supervisory Committee Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management

Victoria, University of

197

Risk management and prevention plans: An opportunity for risk communication  

SciTech Connect

Article 2 of Chapter 6.95 of the California Health and Safety Code, the so-called Risk Management and Prevention Program (RMPP), requires facilities that handle, store, and/or manufacture acutely hazardous materials (AHMs - equivalently, extremely hazardous substances or highly hazardous materials) identify hazards associated with each AHM and implement risk reduction measures. Risk reduction can be in the form of changes in engineering design, equipment modification, installation of mitigation capabilities, procedural changes, and management systems. Originally, the California RMPP required disclosure of information pertaining to off-site consequences of a release to agencies responsible for first response in a hazardous materials release incident, namely, fire department and county health departments. Recently, legislation has been captured that requires public disclosure of off-site consequences that are anticipated by the RMPP in the event of accidental release of AHMs. This paper assesses the structure and content of the RMPP disclosure document in terms of a risk communication vehicle in which facilities communicate directly to the surrounding community. The concept has application to the nuclear industry's search for public acceptance.

Roberts, R.R. (Science Applications International Corp., Santa Ana, CA (United States)); Weiss, J.B. (Management Health and Development Corp., Encino, CA (United States)); Weber, C. (Weber Consult, Los Angeles, CA (United States))

1992-01-01

198

Water supply risk on the Colorado River: Can management mitigate?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Population growth and a changing climate will tax the future reliability of the Colorado River water supply. Using a heuristic model, we assess the annual risk to the Colorado River water supply for 2008-2057. Projected demand growth superimposed upon historical climate variability results in only a small probability of annual reservoir depletion through 2057. In contrast, a scenario of 20% reduction in the annual Colorado River flow due to climate change by 2057 results in a near tenfold increase in the probability of annual reservoir depletion by 2057. However, our analysis suggests that flexibility in current management practices could mitigate some of the increased risk due to climate change-induced reductions in flows.

Rajagopalan, Balaji; Nowak, Kenneth; Prairie, James; Hoerling, Martin; Harding, Benjamin; Barsugli, Joseph; Ray, Andrea; Udall, Bradley

2009-08-01

199

Farm Risk Management Between Normal Business Risk and Climatic/Market Shocks  

E-print Network

1 Farm Risk Management Between Normal Business Risk and Climatic/Market Shocks by Jean Cordier by any means, provided that this copyright notice appears on all such copies #12;2 Farm Risk Management ABSTRACT Farm risk management for income stabilization is on-going issue. An applied work has been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

EMS & high reliability organizing. Achieving safety & reliability in the dynamic, high-risk environment.  

PubMed

Enactment describes how we engage the situation to make sense of it. But by our engagement, we also change the situation. Our presence, alone, will change the situation. At times, we may fail to act. Here, we are at risk of interpreting this as a sense of personal "limitation" in what we can do. This will inhibit us in engaging in other incidents. Rather, we should understand that while we may often fail after engaging, acting is part of performing in uncertainty. In EMS, the system, as it's set up, can lead people to fail to act. For reasons specific to a system, the EMT or paramedic may not act for fear of doing something wrong. This failure to act reinforces the limitations one feels. When you avoid acting, you don't learn. By avoiding testing ourselves, we conclude that constraints exist. This is contrary to the historical approach public safety and EMS personnel use to learn. In the past, it was accepted that we learn what works through action. We also perceive, or sensemake, through interaction with the environment. We watch for responsiveness to our actions, such as cooperation from bystanders vs. defiance. However, this is influenced by how we approach the scene. One EMS provider may obtain cooperation while another experiences defiance. We bracket this information by placing it in context. This interaction is difficult to communicate to those not present at the incident, because they don't know when one "story" begins and when another leaves off. HROs have developed in organizations that adapted to time constraints in uncertain and hazardous environments. There, lessons were actually learned through the blood of live-or-die situations. Academics have codified these principles and concepts that are accessible to EMS caregivers. EMS can benefit from the principles and concepts of HRO through improved performance by individuals and stronger organizations. PMID:24159730

Van Stralen, Daved; Mercer, Thomas A

2013-06-01

201

Risk management in road construction: The case of Sri Lanka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk is an unavoidable phenomenon in construction projects. Proper risk allocation in construction contracts has therefore come to assume prominence because risk identification and risk allocation have a clear bearing on risk handling decisions. The proper management of risks requires that they be identified and allocated in a well?defined manner. This can only be achieved if contracting parties comprehend their

B. A. K. S. Perera; Indika Dhanasinghe; Raufdeen Rameezdeen

2009-01-01

202

The Present and Future of Financial Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research on financial risk management applications of econometrics centers on the accurate assessment of individual market and credit risks with relatively little theoretical or applied econometric research on other types of risk, aggregation risk, data incompleteness, and optimal risk control. We argue that consideration of the model risk arising from crude aggregation rules and inadequate data could lead to

Carol Alexander

2005-01-01

203

OVERVIEW OF THE INTRAMURAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will provide a summary of the risk management portion of ORD's endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) research program, including its motivation, goals, planning efforts and resulting research areas. In an emerging research area like EDCs, risk management ...

204

Impact of demographics on supply chain risk management practices  

E-print Network

Do demographic factors play a role in the choice of supply chain risk management practices by supply chain professionals? Are there stronger relationships between certain demographic factors and supply chain risk management ...

Kanyagui, Kenneth (Kenneth K.)

2010-01-01

205

76 FR 57723 - Electricity Sector Cybersecurity Risk Management Process Guideline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Electricity Sector Cybersecurity Risk Management...comment on DOE's intent to publish the Electricity Sector Cybersecurity Risk Management...is targeted to the specific needs of electricity sector organizations and adds to...

2011-09-16

206

Industrial Energy Efficiency as a Risk Management Strategy  

E-print Network

Industry utilizes risk management as a tool in efforts to maximize the bottom line. Industry embraced risk management strategies in the 1960s and since then it has become a key component of a comprehensive business strategy. Peter Fusaro, author...

Naumoff, C.; Shipley, A. M.

2007-01-01

207

Mission Risk Reduction Regulatory Change Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Headquarters Environmental Management Division supports NASA's mission to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research by integrating environmental considerations into programs and projects early-on, thereby proactively reducing NASA's exposure to institutional, programmatic and operational risk. As part of this effort, NASA established the Principal Center for Regulatory Risk Analysis and Communication (RRAC PC) as a resource for detecting, analyzing, and communicating environmental regulatory risks to the NASA stakeholder community. The RRAC PC focuses on detecting emerging environmental regulations and other operational change drivers that may pose risks to NASA programs and facilities, and effectively communicating the potential risks. For example, regulatory change may restrict how and where certain activities or operations may be conducted. Regulatory change can also directly affect the ability to use certain materials by mandating a production phase-out or restricting usage applications of certain materials. Regulatory change can result in significant adverse impacts to NASA programs and facilities due to NASA's stringent performance requirements for materials and components related to human-rated space vehicles. Even if a regulation does not directly affect NASA operations, U.S. and international regulations can pose program risks indirectly through requirements levied on manufacturers and vendors of components and materials. For example, manufacturers can change their formulations to comply with new regulatory requirements. Such changes can require time-consuming and costly requalification certification for use in human spaceflight programs. The RRAC PC has implemented a system for proactively managing regulatory change to minimize potential adverse impacts to NASA programs and facilities. This presentation highlights the process utilized by the RRACPC to communicate regulatory change and the associated potential risks within NASA, as well as the process for communicating and cooperating with other government agencies and industry partners, both domestic and international, to ensure mission success.

Scroggins, Sharon

2007-01-01

208

Coupling hydrologic and hydraulic modelling for reliable flood risk mitigation activities in the Upper-Medium Tiber River basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In view of the recent and serious flood events occurred in latest years in Italy, the interest towards accurate methodology for the evaluation of flood prone areas is continually increasing. In particular, this issue is related to urbanization planning activities, civil protection actions (e.g. hydraulic risk warning systems), and the assessment of hydraulic engineering structures behaviour during severe hydrometeorological conditions. In Italy, following the publishing in the late 90's of many laws and regulations concerning hydraulic risk assessment matters, a widespread flooding areas mapping have been carried out (Italian Basin Authorities "PAI" plans). In case of limited availability of historical peak flow data, the flood prone areas estimation was based on the application of hydrologic and hydraulic modelling separately. Moreover, the recent directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of flood risks requires from each member state: preliminary flood risk assessment (within December 2011), flood hazard maps and flood risk maps (within December 2013), flood risk management plans (within December 2015). In order to prevent and control flood events in medium-small river basins (e.g. Upper Tiber River basin, Central Italy), the use of hydrologic models coupled with hydraulic ones can be a valuable tool also for real time applications, such as flood risk mitigation and warning activities of the Italian National Warning System Network (composed by regional "Functional Centres" coordinated by the National Civil Protection Department). In this context, two significant flood events occurred in November 2005 and December 2008 in the Umbria Region territory were considered. In this area a hydrometeorological network, characterized by a high temporal and spatial resolution, is operating in real time. Different coupled models were considered to reproduce the selected events, in order to test and compare their reliability and efficiency. Specifically, two semi-distributed models (MISD model and HEC-HMS model) and two hydraulic models (DHI-MIKE11 and HEC-RAS) were chosen and applied in the Tiber River at Monte Molino section (5270 km2). After the calibrating procedure, the models were used to produce floodplain maps and then for the delineation of dynamic flood hazard and risk scenarios, useful for real-time risk management. The proposed calibration procedure was found to be characterized by a strong reliability due to the fact that a lot of information are available for the two chosen events. In particular, there were detailed hydrometeorological data, such as rainfall records in most of the pluviometric stations located in the basin and hydrometric levels collected in more than one point along the main channel reach. Moreover, from the local "territorial presidium" it was possible to collect non-instrumental information, such as the number and location of embankment failures and other direct observations. Lastly, for these events remote sensing observations of actual flooded areas were also available. Together with hydrometric recorded levels and computed discharges (disposing of reliable rating curves yearly controlled), these last information were extremely useful during the calibration process. Final results showed how useful this tool is for reliable flood risk mitigation activities (mapping and risk assessment as well as real time applications) especially when inundations occur.

Berni, N.; Brocca, L.; Giustarini, L.; Pandolfo, C.; Stelluti, M.; Melone, F.; Moramarco, T.

2009-04-01

209

Managing total corporate electricity/energy market risks  

SciTech Connect

The banking industry has developed a tool kit of very useful value at risk techniques for hedging risk, but these techniques must be adapted to the special complexities of the electricity market. This paper starts with a short history of the use of value-at-risk (VAR) techniques in banking risk management and then examines the specific and, in many instances, complex risk management challenges faced by electric companies from the behavior of prices in electricity markets and from the character of generation and electric retailing risks. The third section describes the main methods for making VAR calculations along with an analysis of their suitability for analyzing the risks of electricity portfolios and the case for using profit at risk and downside risk as measures of risk. The final section draws the threads together and explains how to look at managing total corporate electricity market risk, which is a big step toward managing total corporate energy market risk.

Henney, A.; Keers, G.

1998-10-01

210

75 FR 30106 - Terrorism Risk Insurance Program; Litigation Management Submissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Terrorism Risk Insurance Program; Litigation Management...c)(2)(A)). Currently, the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Office is seeking...preferably an original and two copies) to: Terrorism Risk Insurance Program, Public...

2010-05-28

211

Annex 2 Risk Guidance Science Programme Office Project Management  

E-print Network

be seen as a threat to the success of a project because they have a negative impact on cost, schedule plan, risk is considered tradable against known project resources within the management (e.g. cost1 Annex 2 ­ Risk Guidance Science Programme Office Project Management Guidance on Risk Management

212

14 CFR 121.495 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.495...Limitations: Flag Operations § 121.495 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2013-01-01

213

14 CFR 117.7 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 117.7 Section...REQUIREMENTS: FLIGHTCREW MEMBERS § 117.7 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...part unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System that...

2014-01-01

214

14 CFR 117.7 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 117.7 Section...MEMBERS (EFF. 1-4-14) § 117.7 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...part unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System that...

2013-01-01

215

14 CFR 121.527 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.527...Supplemental Operations § 121.527 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2013-01-01

216

14 CFR 121.495 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.495...Limitations: Flag Operations § 121.495 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2014-01-01

217

14 CFR 121.473 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.473...Domestic Operations § 121.473 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2013-01-01

218

14 CFR 121.527 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.527...Supplemental Operations § 121.527 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2014-01-01

219

14 CFR 121.473 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.473...Domestic Operations § 121.473 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2014-01-01

220

76 FR 3697 - Risk Management Requirements for Derivatives Clearing Organizations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...17 CFR Part 39 Risk Management Requirements for Derivatives...Part 39 RIN 3038-AC98 Risk Management Requirements for Derivatives...eligibility. 39.13 Risk management. 39.14 Settlement procedures...Reserved] 39.24 Governance fitness standards. 39.25...

2011-01-20

221

77 FR 30517 - Electricity Subsector Cybersecurity Risk Management Process  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...a flexible risk management process tuned to...industry. The document was posted on May...has published the document entitled: Electricity...Cybersecurity Risk Management Process. The primary...methodology for this document. The Electricity...Cybersecurity Risk Management Process...

2012-05-23

222

Understanding Risk Management through an Environmental Health and Safety Template  

E-print Network

URMIA Understanding Risk Management through an Environmental Health and Safety Template 2008 URMIA system in the United States, made the transition from an institution whose risk management functions were chose to model its risk manage- ment function and methods after its environmental health and safety

Rosen, Jay

223

Enterprise Risk Management, Insurer Value Maximisation, and Market Frictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise risk management has become a major focus for insurers and rein- surers. Capitalization and pricing decisions are recognized as critical to firm value maximization. Market imperfections including frictional costs of capi- tal such as taxes, agency costs, and financial distress costs are an important motivation for enterprise risk management. Risk management reduces the volatility of financial performance and can

Shuan YOW; Michael SHERRIS

2008-01-01

224

An Application of Qualitative Risk Assessment in Park Management  

E-print Network

An Application of Qualitative Risk Assessment in Park Management Janet M. Carey, Mark A. Burgman and the potential threats to them is an essential part of the management of parks and reserves by Parks Victoria of the risk analysis protocol from the Australian Standard for Risk Management, AS/NZS 4360, was used

Burgman, Mark

225

RISK ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT: FRAMEWORK FOR DECISION MAKING  

EPA Science Inventory

The risk assessment and risk management initiatives described in this report are tools which will help make possible more efficient protection of the environment and human health. e expect to gain the following specific management advantages: isk assessment and risk management he...

226

Risk Management in ETS-8 Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engineering Test Satellite - 8 (ETS-8) is the Japanese largest geo-synchronous satellite of 3 tons in mass, of which mission is mobile communications and navigation experiment. It is now in the flight model manufacturing phase. This paper introduces the risk management taken in this project as a reference. The mission success criteria of ETS-8 are described at first. All the risk management activities are planned taking these criteria into consideration. ETS-8 consists of many new technologies such as the large deployable antenna (19m x 17m), 64-bit MPU, 100 V solar paddle and so on. We have to pay attention to control these risk through each phase of development. In system design of ETS - 8, almost components have redundancy and there is some back-up function to avoid fatal failure. What kind of back-up function should be taken is one of the hot issues in this project. The consideration process is described as an actual case. In addition to conventional risk management procedure, FMEA and identification of the critical items so on, we conducted the validation experiment in space by use of a scale model that was launched on Ariane 5. The decision to conduct this kind of experiment is taken after evaluation between risk and cost, because it takes a lot of resources of project. The effect of this experiment is also presented. Failure detection, isolation and reconfiguration in the flight software are more important as the satellite system becomes large and complicated. We did the independent verification and validation to the software. Some remarks are noted with respect to its effectiveness.

Homma, M.

2002-01-01

227

Cultural resource management: The risk of compliance  

SciTech Connect

The statutory mandate for federal agencies to involve American Indians in the management of cultural resources may create a cultural risk for the people those statutes are intended to protect. A conceptual framework is given to help understand this dilemma. Factors that can exacerbate the severity of the adverse cultural impacts for tribal people are also examined. Policy recommendations are offered for reducing tensions among an the participants in the statutory process.

Curtis, S.A.

1994-02-01

228

Medication Use Risk Management: Hospital Meets Home Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management is an objective strategy that seeks to eliminate or decrease the chances of financial loss and legal action. Risk management focuses on an actual mistake, an accident, or a potential similar occurrence. Risks occur in nursing in a variety of practice settings. Nursing has identified several key areas in which systematic change has improved and decreased the risk

Miriam R. Aufseeser-Weiss; Deborah Anne Ondeck

2000-01-01

229

Decision Making and Risk Management in Adventure Sports Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adventure sport coaches practice in environments that are dynamic and high in risk, both perceived and actual. The inherent risks associated with these activities, individuals' responses and the optimal exploitation of both combine to make the processes of risk management more complex and hazardous than the traditional sports where risk management…

Collins, Loel; Collins, Dave

2013-01-01

230

Practical Volatility and Correlation Modeling for Financial Market Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do academics have to offer market risk management practitioners in financial institutions? Current industry practice largely follows one of two extremely restrictive approaches: historical simulation or RiskMetrics. In contrast, we favor flexible methods based on recent developments in financial econometrics, which are likely to produce more accurate assessments of market risk. Clearly, the demands of real-world risk management in

Torben G. Andersen; Tim Bollerslev; Peter F. Christoffersen; Francis X. Diebold

2005-01-01

231

Cyanobacterial toxins: risk management for health protection  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the occurrence and properties of cyanobacterial toxins, with reference to the recognition and management of the human health risks which they may present. Mass populations of toxin-producing cyanobacteria in natural and controlled waterbodies include blooms and scums of planktonic species, and mats and biofilms of benthic species. Toxic cyanobacterial populations have been reported in freshwaters in over 45 countries, and in numerous brackish, coastal, and marine environments. The principal toxigenic genera are listed. Known sources of the families of cyanobacterial toxins (hepato-, neuro-, and cytotoxins, irritants, and gastrointestinal toxins) are briefly discussed. Key procedures in the risk management of cyanobacterial toxins and cells are reviewed, including derivations (where sufficient data are available) of tolerable daily intakes (TDIs) and guideline values (GVs) with reference to the toxins in drinking water, and guideline levels for toxigenic cyanobacteria in bathing waters. Uncertainties and some gaps in knowledge are also discussed, including the importance of exposure media (animal and plant foods), in addition to potable and recreational waters. Finally, we present an outline of steps to develop and implement risk management strategies for cyanobacterial cells and toxins in waterbodies, with recent applications and the integration of Hazard Assessment Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles.

Codd, Geoffrey A.; Morrison, Louise F.; Metcalf, James S

2005-03-15

232

Bisphenol a and risk management ethics.  

PubMed

It is widely recognized that endocrine disrupting compounds, such as Bisphenol A, pose challenges for traditional paradigms in toxicology, insofar as these substances appear to have a wider range of low-dose effects than previously recognized. These compounds also pose challenges for ethics and policymaking. When a chemical does not have significant low-dose effects, regulators can allow it to be introduced into commerce or the environment, provided that procedures and rules are in place to keep exposures below an acceptable level. This option allows society to maximize the benefits from the use of the chemical while minimizing risks to human health or the environment, and it represents a compromise between competing values. When it is not possible to establish acceptable exposure levels for chemicals that pose significant health or environmental risks, the most reasonable options for risk management may be to enact either partial or complete bans on their use. These options create greater moral conflict than other risk management strategies, leaving policymakers difficult choices between competing values. PMID:24471646

Resnik, David B; Elliott, Kevin C

2015-03-01

233

A competing risk model for the reliability of cylinder liners in marine Diesel engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a competing risk model is proposed to describe the reliability of the cylinder liners of a marine Diesel engine. Cylinder liners presents two dominant failure modes: wear degradation and thermal cracking. The wear process is described through a stochastic process, whereas the failure time due to the thermal cracking is described by the Weibull distribution. The use

D. Bocchetti; M. Giorgio; M. Guida; G. Pulcini

2009-01-01

234

Comparing Criteria for Attachment Disorders: Establishing Reliability and Validity in High-Risk Samples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether published subtypes of attachment disorder can be reliably identified by trained clinicians reviewing data from high-risk populations and to investigate the relationship between disorder classification and standardized measures of attachment behavior. Method: Twenty or more children aged 18 to 48 months and their…

Boris, Neil W.; Hinshaw-Fuselier, Sarah S.; Smyke, Anna T.; Scheeringa, Michael S.; Heller, Sherryl S.; Zeanah, Charles H.

2004-01-01

235

Reliability of Arrest and Incarceration Questions on the Risk Behavior Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined 48-hour test-retest reliability of the arrest and incarceration questions on the Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA; National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1993). Participants were 229 street-drug users recruited in 11 cities throughout the United States. Results revealed that lifetime arrest and incarceration items demonstrated good to…

Fisher, Dennis G.; Reynolds, Grace L.; Wood, Michele M.; Johnson, Mark E.

2004-01-01

236

Reliability, Maintenance and Risk Assessment in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Education in the US.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the current status of existing curricula, accreditation requirements, and new developments in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering education in the United States. Discusses the emerging needs of the maritime industry in light of advances in information technology and movement toward risk-based, reliability-centered rule making in the…

Inozu, Bahadir; Ayyub, Bilal A.

1999-01-01

237

Reliability of Risk Assessment Measures Used in Sexually Violent Predator Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field interrater reliability of three assessment tools frequently used by mental health professionals when evaluating sex offenders' risk for reoffending--the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-Revised (MnSOST-R) and the Static-99--was examined within the context of sexually violent predator…

Miller, Cailey S.; Kimonis, Eva R.; Otto, Randy K.; Kline, Suzonne M.; Wasserman, Adam L.

2012-01-01

238

Extended Editorial: Research and Education in Reliability, Maintenance, Quality Control, Risk and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a special theme journal issue on research and education in quality control, maintenance, reliability, risk analysis, and safety. Discusses each of these theme concepts and their applications to naval architecture, marine engineering, and industrial engineering. Considers the effects of the rapid transfer of research results through…

Ramalhoto, M. F.

1999-01-01

239

Using Dynamic Risk and Protective Factors to Predict Inpatient Aggression: Reliability and Validity of START Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START; C. D. Webster, M. L. Martin, J. Brink, T. L. Nicholls, & S. L. Desmarais, 2009; C. D. Webster, M. L. Martin, J. Brink, T. L. Nicholls, & C. Middleton, 2004) is a relatively new structured professional judgment guide for the assessment and management of short-term risks associated with…

Desmarais, Sarah L.; Nicholls, Tonia L.; Wilson, Catherine M.; Brink, Johann

2012-01-01

240

Suicide risk management during clinical telepractice.  

PubMed

The effective assessment and management of suicidal patients is an essential component of telehealth-based care. With this article, we describe how we have implemented procedures for the ongoing assessment and management of suicide risk in a clinical trial that compares in-office treatment to home-based treatment delivered via web-cam to U.S. military service members and veterans with depression. We describe our safety protocol and how it was adapted from current recommended best practices, published guidelines, and local requirements for managing patient safety during home-based telepractice. We conclude with discussion of other key safety issues associated with telepractice. The topics discussed are relevant to all mental health practitioners who are interested in clinical telepractice services. PMID:25354924

Luxton, David D; O'Brien, Karen; Pruitt, Larry D; Johnson, Kristine; Kramer, Gregory

2014-01-01

241

Nuclear safety culture and integrated risk management  

SciTech Connect

A primary focus of nuclear safety is the prevention of large releases of radioactivity in the case of low-probability severe accidents. An analysis of the anatomy of nuclear (Chernobyl, Three Mile Island Unit 2) and nonnuclear (Challenger, Bhopal, Piper Alpha, etc.) severe accidents yields four broad categories of root causes: human (operating crew response), machine (design with its basic flaws), media (natural phenomena, operational considerations, political environment, commercial pressures, etc.)-providing triggering events, and management (basic organizational safety culture flaws). A strong management can minimize the contributions of humans, machines, and media to the risk arising from the operation of hazardous facilities. One way that management can have a powerful positive influence is through the establishment of a proper safety culture. The term safety culture is used as defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Safety Advisory Group.

Joksimovich, V.; Orvis, D.D. (Accident Prevention Group, San Diego, CA (United States))

1993-01-01

242

Obtaining Reliable Bit Rate Measurements in SNMP-Managed Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Simple Network Management Protocol, SNMP, is the most widespread standard for Internet management. As SNMP stacks are available on most equipment, this protocol has to be considered when it comes to perfor- mance management, traffic engineering and network con- trol. However, especially when using the predominant version 1, SNMPv1, special care has to be taken to avoid erroneous results

Patrik Carlsson; Markus Fiedler; Kurt Tutschku; Stefan Chevul; Arne A. Nilsson

243

Managing Disruptions in Decentralized Supply Chains with Endogenous Supply Process Reliability  

E-print Network

Managing Disruptions in Decentralized Supply Chains with Endogenous Supply Process Reliability 55455 guptad@me.umn.edu October 1, 2012 #12;Managing Disruptions in Decentralized Supply Chains managers because supply chains have become longer and price competition is driving firms to purchase from

Gupta, Diwakar

244

Governance, Risk Management, and Compliance: An Operational Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Compliance Consortium has found that it is critically important for boards of directors and for senior management to become actively involved in setting governance, risk management, and compliance objectives. Since the range of governance, risk management, and compliance concerns is very broad, boards and management need a way to organize and prioritize objectives. This paper provides an operational approach

A Compliance; Bill Zoellick; Ted Frank

2005-01-01

245

Risk assessment and risk management of noncriteria pollutants.  

PubMed

Noncriteria air pollutants are synonymous with hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), air toxics or toxic air pollutants (TAPs). The term noncriteria pollutants refers to all air pollutants except for the criteria pollutants (SOx, PM, NOx, CO, O3, and Pb). Air toxics are pervasive in our environment worldwide in varying degrees. Uses of these chemicals are varied and numerous; their emissions are ubiquitous, and they include organic compounds such as chlorinated hydrocarbons, dioxins, aldehydes, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and heavy metals such as chromium, nickel, cadmium, and mercury. There are more than 70,000 chemicals that are in use commercially in the United States, and we know relatively little about their ambient concentrations, persistence, transport and transformation as well as their effects on health and the environment, many of which take decades to emerge. The United States Environmental Protection Agency, under the authority of Section 112 of the Clean Air Act, is mandated to regulate any air pollutant which, in the Administrator's judgment, "causes, or contributes to, air pollution which may reasonably be anticipated to result in an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illness." For such regulatory decision-making, EPA's Office of Health and Environmental Assessment (OHEA) provides scientific assessment of health effects for potentially hazardous air pollutants. In accordance with risk assessment guidelines developed by OHEA over the years, Health Assessment Documents (HADs) containing risk assessment information were prepared and were subjected to critical review and careful revision to produce Final Draft HADs which serve as scientific databases for regulatory decision-making by the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) in its risk management process. EPA developed databases such as the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) and the National Air Toxics Information Clearinghouse (NATICH) and a technical assistance response system called the Air Risk Information Support Center (AIR RISC), in addition, to help in implementation of the National Air Toxics Program by state and local regulators. PMID:1670281

Lee, S D

1990-10-01

246

Wind energy Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) : data collection recommendations for reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the general data requirements for reliability analysis of fielded wind turbines and other wind plant equipment. The report provides a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and gives specific recommendations for a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) to support automated analysis. This data collection recommendations report was written by Sandia National Laboratories to address the general data requirements for reliability analysis of fielded wind turbines. This report is intended to help the reader develop a basic understanding of what data are needed from a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) and other data systems, for reliability analysis. The report provides: (1) a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis; and (2) specific recommendations for a CMMS to support automated analysis. Though written for reliability analysis of wind turbines, much of the information is applicable to a wider variety of equipment and a wider variety of analysis and reporting needs.

Peters, Valerie A.; Ogilvie, Alistair; Veers, Paul S.

2009-09-01

247

Livestock Risk Protection-Lamb: New Insurance Program to Help Ranchers Manage Lamb Price Risk  

E-print Network

1 Livestock Risk Protection-Lamb: New Insurance Program to Help Ranchers Manage Lamb Price Risk Risk Management E-470 RM4-14.0 09-08 *Professor and Extension Economist?Management, Assistant Professor and Extension Economist...?Management, Professor and Extension Economist?Management, and Professor and Extension Economist?Livestock and Food Product Marketing,The Texas A&M System. USDA?s Risk Management Agency (RMA) is offering a new federally subsidized Livestock Risk Protection-Lamb (LRP...

Pena, Jose G.; Thompson, Bill; Bevers, Stan; Anderson, David P.

2008-10-07

248

Risk management modeling and its application in maritime safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantified risk assessment (QRA) needs mathematicization of risk theory. However, attention has been paid almost exclusively to applications of assessment methods, which has led to neglect of research into fundamental theories, such as the relationships among risk, safety, danger, and so on. In order to solve this problem, as a first step, fundamental theoretical relationships about risk and risk management were analyzed for this paper in the light of mathematics, and then illustrated with some charts. Second, man-machine-environment-management (MMEM) theory was introduced into risk theory to analyze some properties of risk. On the basis of this, a three-dimensional model of risk management was established that includes: a goal dimension; a management dimension; an operation dimension. This goal management operation (GMO) model was explained and then emphasis was laid on the discussion of the risk flowchart (operation dimension), which lays the groundwork for further study of risk management and qualitative and quantitative assessment. Next, the relationship between Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) and Risk Management was researched. This revealed that the FSA method, which the international maritime organization (IMO) is actively spreading, comes from Risk Management theory. Finally, conclusion were made about how to apply this risk management method to concrete fields efficiently and conveniently, as well as areas where further research is required.

Qin, Ting-Rong; Chen, Wei-Jiong; Zeng, Xiang-Kun

2008-12-01

249

Unit 15: Risk Management To explain the concept of risk & to develop its role  

E-print Network

to repay your mortgage or any loans secured on it� „ Health risks - �the chance that a person1 Unit 15: Risk Management Objectives Ð To explain the concept of risk & to develop its role within the software development process Ð To introduce the use of risk management as a means of identifying

Finkelstein, Anthony

250

Energy management for real-time embedded systems with reliability requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the continued scaling of CMOS technologies and reduced de- sign margins, the reliability concerns induced by transient faults have become prominent. Moreover, the popular energy manage- ment technique dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS)has been shown to have direct and negative effects on reliability. In this work, for a set of real-time tasks, we focus on the slack alloca-

Dakai Zhu; Hakan Aydin

2006-01-01

251

Wind energy Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) : data collection recommendations for reliability analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report addresses the general data requirements for reliability analysis of fielded wind turbines and other wind plant equipment. The report provides a rationale for why this data should be collected, a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and specific data recommendations for a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) to support automated analysis. This data

Valerie A. Peters; Alistair B. Ogilvie

2012-01-01

252

Wind energy Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) : data collection recommendations for reliability analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report addresses the general data requirements for reliability analysis of fielded wind turbines and other wind plant equipment. The report provides a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and gives specific recommendations for a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) to support automated analysis. This data collection recommendations report was written by Sandia National Laboratories

Valerie A. Peters; Alistair Ogilvie; Paul S. Veers

2009-01-01

253

Dynamic reliability and risk assessment of the accident localization system of the Ignalina NPP RBMK-1500 reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents reliability and risk analysis of the RBMK-1500 reactor accident localization system (ALS) (confinement), which prevents radioactive releases to the environment. Reliability of the system was estimated and compared by two methods: the conventional fault tree method and an innovative dynamic reliability model, based on stochastic differential equations. Frequency of radioactive release through ALS was also estimated. The

V. Kopustinskas; J. Augutis; S. Rimkevi?ius

2005-01-01

254

High Risk Pregnancy: Detection and Management  

PubMed Central

Risk in pregnancy relates to events which lead to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Numerous risk scoring systems have been devised to bring attention to risk factors so that problems can be prevented, identified and treated. However, by carrying out very few fundamental assessments at regular antenatal office visits: checking blood pressure, testing urine for protein, measuring the symphysis to fundus height and carefully establishing the expected date of confinement during the first trimester, the principal causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality—intrauterine growth retardation, prematurity, congenital anomalies, infection, abruptio placentae and meconium aspiration—can be identified and treated. Appropriate perinatal management of the very premature fetus/neonate (less than 34 weeks gestation) is a critical factor which will influence outcome. Whenever possible the mother should be transferred to a centre equipped and staffed for all necessary intrapartum and neonatal care, to minimize the risk of adverse outcome: postnatal transfer of the deteriorating, sick, small neonate is at best hazardous. PMID:21286514

Fellows, G. Fraser; Chance, Graham W.

1982-01-01

255

Novel Threat-risk Index Using Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Human Reliability Analysis - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

In support of a national need to improve the current state-of-the-art in alerting decision makers to the risk of terrorist attack, a quantitative approach employing scientific and engineering concepts to develop a threat-risk index was undertaken at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). As a result of this effort, a set of models has been successfully integrated into a single comprehensive model known as Quantitative Threat-Risk Index Model (QTRIM), with the capability of computing a quantitative threat-risk index on a system level, as well as for the major components of the system. Such a threat-risk index could provide a quantitative variant or basis for either prioritizing security upgrades or updating the current qualitative national color-coded terrorist threat alert.

George A. Beitel

2004-02-01

256

Evaluation of volcanic risk management in Merapi and Bromo Volcanoes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Merapi (Central Java Province) and Bromo (East Java Province) volcanoes have human-environmental systems with unique characteristics, thus causing specific consequences on their risk management. Various efforts have been carried out by many parties (institutional government, scientists, and non-governmental organizations) to reduce the risk in these areas. However, it is likely that most of the actions have been done for temporary and partial purposes, leading to overlapping work and finally to a non-integrated scheme of volcanic risk management. This study, therefore, aims to identify and evaluate actions of risk and disaster reduction in Merapi and Bromo Volcanoes. To achieve this aims, a thorough literature review was carried out to identify earlier studies in both areas. Afterward, the basic concept of risk management cycle, consisting of risk assessment, risk reduction, event management and regeneration, is used to map those earlier studies and already implemented risk management actions in Merapi and Bromo. The results show that risk studies in Merapi have been developed predominantly on physical aspects of volcanic eruptions, i.e. models of lahar flows, hazard maps as well as other geophysical modeling. Furthermore, after the 2006 eruption of Merapi, research such on risk communication, social vulnerability, cultural vulnerability have appeared on the social side of risk management research. Apart from that, disaster risk management activities in the Bromo area were emphasizing on physical process and historical religious aspects. This overview of both study areas provides information on how risk studies have been used for managing the volcano disaster. This result confirms that most of earlier studies emphasize on the risk assessment and only few of them consider the risk reduction phase. Further investigation in this field work in the near future will accomplish the findings and contribute to formulate integrated volcanic risk management cycles for both Merapi and Bromo. Keywords: Risk management, volcanoes hazard, Merapi and Bromo Volcano Indonesia

Bachri, S.; Stöetter, J.; Sartohadi, J.; Setiawan, M. A.

2012-04-01

257

Exploration Systems Development (ESD) Approach to Enterprise Risk Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Exploration Systems Development (ESD) Division has implemented an innovative approach to Enterprise Risk Management under a unique governance structure and streamlined integration model. ESD's mission is to design and build the capability to extend human existence to deep space. The Enterprise consists of three Programs: Space Launch System (SLS), Orion, and Ground Systems Development and Operations (GSDO). The SLS is a rocket and launch system that will be capable of powering humans, habitats, and support systems to deep space. Orion will be the first spacecraft in history capable of taking humans to multiple destinations within deep space. GSDO is modernizing Kennedy's spaceport to launch spacecraft built and designed by both NASA and private industry. ESD's approach to Enterprise Risk Management is commensurate with affordability and a streamlined management philosophy. ESD Enterprise Risk Management leverages off of the primary mechanisms for integration within the Enterprise. The Enterprise integration approach emphasizes delegation of authority to manage and execute the majority of cross-program activities and products to the individual Programs, while maintaining the overall responsibility for all cross-program activities at the Division. The intent of the ESD Enterprise Risk Management approach is to improve risk communication, to avoid replication and/or contradictory strategies, and to minimize overhead process burden. This is accomplished by the facilitation and integration of risk information within ESD. The ESD Division risks, Orion risks, SLS risks, and GSDO risks are owned and managed by the applicable Program. When the Programs have shared risks with multiple consequences, they are jointly owned and managed. When a risk is associated with the integrated system that involves more than one Program in condition, consequence, or mitigation plan, it is considered an Exploration Systems Integration (ESI) Risk. An ESI risk may require visibility and risk handling by multiple organizations. The Integrated Risk Working Group (IRWG) is a small team of Risk experts that are responsible for collaborating and communicating best practices. In addition, the forum facilitates proper integration of risks across the Enterprise. The IRWG uses a Continuous Risk Management approach for facilitating the identification, analysis, planning, tracking, and controlling of ESI Risks. The ESD Division, Programs, and Integrated Task Teams identify ESI Risks. The IRWG maintains a set of metrics for understanding Enterprise Risk process and the overall Risk Posture. The team is also actively involved in the modeling of risk for Enterprise Performance Management. With the Enterprise being constrained in Schedule and Budget, and with significant technical complexity, the appropriate use of Risk Management techniques is crucial to the success of the Enterprise. The IRWG achieves this through the modified approach, providing a forum for collaboration on risks that cross boundaries between the separate entities.

Bauder, Stephen P.

2014-01-01

258

Managing hydroclimatic risks in federal rivers: a diagnostic assessment.  

PubMed

Hydroclimatic risks and adaptive capacity are not distributed evenly in large river basins of federal countries, where authority is divided across national and territorial governments. Transboundary river basins are a major test of federal systems of governance because key management roles exist at all levels. This paper examines the evolution and design of interstate water allocation institutions in semi-arid federal rivers prone to drought extremes, climatic variability and intensified competition for scarce water. We conceptualize, categorize and compare federal rivers as social-ecological systems to analyse the relationship between governance arrangements and hydroclimatic risks. A diagnostic approach is used to map over 300 federal rivers and classify the hydroclimatic risks of three semi-arid federal rivers with a long history of interstate allocation tensions: the Colorado River (USA/Mexico), Ebro River (Spain) and Murray-Darling River (Australia). Case studies review the evolution and design of water allocation institutions. Three institutional design trends have emerged: adoption of proportional interstate allocation rules; emergence of multi-layered river basin governance arrangements for planning, conflict resolution and joint monitoring; and new flexibility to adjust historic allocation patterns. Proportional allocation rules apportion water between states based on a share of available water, not a fixed volume or priority. Interstate allocation reform efforts in the Colorado and Murray-Darling rivers indicate that proportional allocation rules are prevalent for upstream states, while downstream states seek reliable deliveries of fixed volumes to increase water security. River basin governance arrangements establish new venues for multilayered planning, monitoring and conflict resolution to balance self governance by users and states with basin-wide coordination. Flexibility to adjust historic allocation agreements, without risk of defection or costly court action, also provides adaptive capacity to manage climatic variability and shifting values. Future research should develop evidence about pathways to adaptive capacity in different classes of federal rivers, while acknowledging limits to transferability and the need for context-sensitive design. PMID:24080624

Garrick, Dustin; De Stefano, Lucia; Fung, Fai; Pittock, Jamie; Schlager, Edella; New, Mark; Connell, Daniel

2013-11-13

259

Security Risk Management using Internal Controls Simon Foley,  

E-print Network

Security Risk Management using Internal Controls Simon Foley, Department of Computer Science business risks. An Internal Controls approach to security risk management is proposed whereby automated be considered as an early example of using Internal Controls for security--compares with a modern ERM framework

Foley, Simon

260

Step 7: Choose the "Best" Risk Management Alternative  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The ultimate purpose of the SRM tactical phase is to choose how to manage risk. Prior to this stage, we determined the sources of risk, identified the relevant management actions and estimated the likelihood of all known outcomes. Next, we combine this information with your personal risk preference...

261

Arc flash personal protective equipment applying risk management principles - II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arc flash personal protective equipment is generally selected based on one of two methods: an incident energy analysis method or a hazard\\/risk category method. Neither method adequately addresses the deployment of arc flash personal protective equipment using risk management principles and processes. The objective of this paper is to identify and apply risk management principles and methodology found in current

Daniel Roberts; V IVI

2011-01-01

262

Arc Flash Personal Protective Equipment - Applying Risk Management Principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arc flash personal protective equipment is generally selected based on one of two methods: an incident energy analysis method or a hazard\\/risk category method. Neither method adequately addresses the deployment of arc flash personal protective equipment using risk management principles and processes. The objective of this paper is to identify and apply risk management principles and methodology found in current

Daniel Roberts

2010-01-01

263

Energy Risk Management 1 -Inter Faculty course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI  

E-print Network

Energy Risk Management 1 - Inter Faculty course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI · Course Objectives: This course introduces master students to the key issues of Energy Risk Management. The structure of the course mostly follows the syllabus of the Energy Risk Professional (ERP) designation by GARP, which

Kaplan, Alexander

264

Energy Risk Management 2 -Master course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI  

E-print Network

Energy Risk Management 2 - Master course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI · Course Objectives: This second course in Energy Risk Management follows the second part of the official syllabus of the 2012 Energy Risk Professional (ERP) designation by GARP, which is the first and only global certification

Kaplan, Alexander

265

Energy Risk Management 1 -Master course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI  

E-print Network

Energy Risk Management 1 - Master course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI · Course Objectives: This course introduces master students to the key issues of Energy Risk Management. The structure of the course follows the official syllabus of the 2012 Energy Risk Professional (ERP) designation by GARP

Kaplan, Alexander

266

Social media, reputation risk and ambient publicity management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to discuss the emergence of corporate reputational risk in terms of social media, exploring its threats to and possibilities for organizations' strategic reputation management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reputation risk, the possibility of damaging one's reputation, presents a threat to organizations in many ways. Little is known, however, about the connections between reputation risk management and social

Pekka Aula

2010-01-01

267

Probabilistic economic frameworks for disaster risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting from the general concept of risk, we set up an economic analysis framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) investment. It builds on uncertainty management techniques - notably Monte Carlo simulations - and includes both a risk and performance metrics adapted to recurring issues in disaster risk management as entertained by governments and international organisations. This type of framework proves to be enlightening in several regards, and is thought to ease the promotion of DRM projects as "investments" rather than "costs to be born" and allow for meaningful comparison between DRM and other sectors. We then look at the specificities of disaster risk investments of medium to large scales through this framework, where some "invariants" can be identified, notably: (i) it makes more sense to perform analysis over long-term horizons -space and time scales are somewhat linked; (ii) profiling of the fluctuations of the gains and losses of DRM investments over long periods requires the ability to handle possibly highly volatile variables; (iii) complexity increases with the scale which results in a higher sensitivity of the analytic framework on the results; (iv) as the perimeter of analysis (time, theme and space-wise) is widened, intrinsic parameters of the project tend to weight lighter. This puts DRM in a very different perspective from traditional modelling, which usually builds on more intrinsic features of the disaster as it relates to the scientific knowledge about hazard(s). As models hardly accommodate for such complexity or "data entropy" (they require highly structured inputs), there is a need for a complementary approach to understand risk at global scale. The proposed framework suggests opting for flexible ad hoc modelling of specific issues consistent with one's objective, risk and performance metrics. Such tailored solutions are strongly context-dependant (time and budget, sensitivity of the studied variable in the economic framework) and can range from simple elicitation of data from a subject matter expert to calibrate a probability distribution to more advanced stochastic modelling. This approach can be referred to more as a proficiency in the language of uncertainty rather than modelling per se in the sense that it allows for greater flexibility to adapt a given context. In a real decision making context, one seldom has neither time nor budget resources to investigate all of these variables thoroughly, hence the importance of being able to prioritize the level of effort among them. Under the proposed framework, this can be done in an optimised fashion. The point here consists in applying probabilistic sensitivity analysis together with the fundamentals of the economic value of information; the framework as built is well suited to such considerations, and variables can be ranked according to their contribution to risk understanding. Efforts to deal with second order uncertainties on variables prove to be valuable when dealing with the economic value of sample information.

Dulac, Guillaume; Forni, Marc

2013-04-01

268

Incorporating risk assessment and risk management into public policies on genetically modified finfish and shellfish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetically modified finfish and shellfish pose economic benefits to aquaculture, but also pose ecological and genetic risks to ecosystems receiving such organisms. Realization of benefits with minimization of risks posed by a new technology can be addressed through the processes of risk assessment and risk management. Public policies adopted by individual countries will reflect differences in the outcome of risk

Eric M. Hallerman; Anne R. Kapuscinski

1995-01-01

269

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework  

E-print Network

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework Computer Security on a continuous basis #12;NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 3 Risk Management Framework Security Life-viral software Smart cards Links in the Security Chain: Management, Operational, and Technical Controls #12

270

Management of Secondary Risk Factors in Patients with Intermittent Claudication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: the first line management of patients with intermittent claudication is “best medical therapy” i.e., smoking cessation, exercise, antiplatelet therapy and risk factors modification. The aim of this study was to assess the current management of risk factors in primary care and to compare General Practitioner (GP) attitudes and actual management.Design and Methods: postal questionnaire of all 336 GPs in

K. Cassar; R. Coull; P. Bachoo; E. Macaulay; J. Brittenden

2003-01-01

271

Financial Flexibility, Risk Management, and Payout Choice* Alice Adams Bonaim  

E-print Network

Financial Flexibility, Risk Management, and Payout Choice* Alice Adams Bonaimé University as financial distress-- is a central concern for managers (Graham and Harvey (2001), Gamba and Triantis (2008)). Two key components of financial flexibility are payout policy and risk management. The level and form

University of Technology, Sydney

272

Risk management for assuring safe drinking water.  

PubMed

Millions of people die every year around the world from diarrheal diseases much of which is caused by contaminated drinking water. By contrast, drinking water safety is largely taken for granted by many citizens of affluent nations. The ability to drink water that is delivered into households without fear of becoming ill may be one of the key defining characteristics of developed nations in relation to the majority of the world. Yet there is well-documented evidence that disease outbreaks remain a risk that could be better managed and prevented even in affluent nations. A detailed retrospective analysis of more than 70 case studies of disease outbreaks in 15 affluent nations over the past 30 years provides the basis for much of our discussion [Hrudey, S.E. and Hrudey, E.J. Safe Drinking Water--Lessons from Recent Outbreaks in Affluent Nations. London, UK: IWA Publishing; 2004.]. The insights provided can assist in developing a better understanding within the water industry of the causes of drinking water disease outbreaks, so that more effective preventive measures can be adopted by water systems that are vulnerable. This preventive feature lies at the core of risk management for the provision of safe drinking water. PMID:16839605

Hrudey, Steve E; Hrudey, Elizabeth J; Pollard, Simon J T

2006-12-01

273

Quantifying the influence of safety management on the reliability of safety barriers.  

PubMed

A methodology is described that enables to use safety management audit assessments and safety culture questionnaire results for estimating the reductions in the reliability of safety barriers in major hazard plants. The critical issue is the establishment of weight factors in combination with the anchoring of "good" safety management. A method is proposed to derive weight factors from statistical accident analysis in combination with a statistical analysis of safety management assessments at a representative sample of major hazard industries. A preliminary set of weight factors is presented with some examples of resulting reductions in reliability--this demonstration confirms that the set of weight factors needs further development. PMID:16107300

Duijm, Nijs Jan; Goossens, Louis

2006-03-31

274

Application of data mining to medical risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes an application of data mining to medical risk management, where data mining techniques were applied to detection, analysis and evaluation of risks potentially existing in clinical environments. We applied this technique to the following two medical domains: risk aversion of nurse incidents and infection control. The results show that data mining methods were effective to detection and aversion of risk factors.

Tsumoto, Shusaku; Matsuoka, Kimiko; Yokoyama, Shigeki

2008-03-01

275

Risk management in concurrent engineering in presence of intelligent agents  

E-print Network

Risk management in concurrent engineering in presence of intelligent agents Taner Bilgi.3 Assumptions about the environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.4 SDMA­Risk Version Specification for SDMA­Risk 10 B An example session with SDMA­Risk 11 1 #12; 1 Introduction In this draft we

Fox, Mark S.

276

Insurance as a risk management tool for European agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The risk environment of farmers is constantly changing; price and production risks, for instance, are increasing, and financial compensations from governments for catastrophic events, such as floods, are decreasing. In this context, the objective of this thesis is to study the appropriateness of insurance as a risk management tool for farmers to deal with the 'new' risks emerging in agriculture.

M. P. M. Meuwissen

2000-01-01

277

Risk Management Steering Committee Membership 2014/15  

E-print Network

Risk Management Steering Committee Membership 2014/15 NAME TITLE / DEPARTMENT Gayle Gorrill (Chair Emergency Planner Andrew Coward Assistant Treasurer Ben McAllister Risk and Insurance Analyst Adrian Round

Victoria, University of

278

Audit Mechanisms for Provable Risk Management and Accountable Data Governance  

E-print Network

Audit Mechanisms for Provable Risk Management and Accountable Data Governance Jeremiah Blocki, Compliance and Information Risk in Complex Organizational Processes," the AFOSR MURI "Collaborative Policies infor- mation are expected under the principle of accountable data governance to take measures

279

Vulnerability and social risk management in India and Mexico  

E-print Network

The development of effective community, regional and national risk-management strategies, especially for systemic risks, such as natural disasters, entails understanding the determinants of social vulnerability in individuals ...

Flores Ballesteros, Luis

2008-01-01

280

Applying stochastic programming models in financial risk management   

E-print Network

This research studies two modelling techniques that help seek optimal strategies in financial risk management. Both are based on the stochastic programming methodology. The first technique is concerned with market risk ...

Yang, Xi

2010-01-01

281

Risk Management for Sodium Fast Reactors.  

SciTech Connect

Accident management is an important component to maintaining risk at acceptable levels for all complex systems, such as nuclear power plants. With the introduction of self - correcting, or inherently safe, reactor designs the focus has shifted from management by operators to allowing the syste m's design to manage the accident. While inherently and passively safe designs are laudable, extreme boundary conditions can interfere with the design attributes which facilitate inherent safety , thus resulting in unanticipated and undesirable end states. This report examines an inherently safe and small sodium fast reactor experiencing a beyond design basis seismic event with the intend of exploring two issues : (1) can human intervention either improve or worsen the potential end states and (2) can a Bayes ian Network be constructed to infer the state of the reactor to inform (1). ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author s would like to acknowledge the U.S. Department of E nergy's Office of Nuclear Energy for funding this research through Work Package SR - 14SN100303 under the Advanced Reactor Concepts program. The authors also acknowledge the PRA teams at A rgonne N ational L aborator y , O ak R idge N ational L aborator y , and I daho N ational L aborator y for their continue d contributions to the advanced reactor PRA mission area.

Denman, Matthew R; Groth, Katrina; Cardoni, Jeffrey N; Wheeler, Timothy A.

2015-01-01

282

Enabling More than Moore: Accelerated Reliability Testing and Risk Analysis for Advanced Electronics Packaging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For five decades, the semiconductor industry has distinguished itself by the rapid pace of improvement in miniaturization of electronics products-Moore's Law. Now, scaling hits a brick wall, a paradigm shift. The industry roadmaps recognized the scaling limitation and project that packaging technologies will meet further miniaturization needs or ak.a "More than Moore". This paper presents packaging technology trends and accelerated reliability testing methods currently being practiced. Then, it presents industry status on key advanced electronic packages, factors affecting accelerated solder joint reliability of area array packages, and IPC/JEDEC/Mil specifications for characterizations of assemblies under accelerated thermal and mechanical loading. Finally, it presents an examples demonstrating how Accelerated Testing and Analysis have been effectively employed in the development of complex spacecraft thereby reducing risk. Quantitative assessments necessarily involve the mathematics of probability and statistics. In addition, accelerated tests need to be designed which consider the desired risk posture and schedule for particular project. Such assessments relieve risks without imposing additional costs. and constraints that are not value added for a particular mission. Furthermore, in the course of development of complex systems, variances and defects will inevitably present themselves and require a decision concerning their disposition, necessitating quantitative assessments. In summary, this paper presents a comprehensive view point, from technology to systems, including the benefits and impact of accelerated testing in offsetting risk.

Ghaffarian, Reza; Evans, John W.

2014-01-01

283

Bulk electric system reliability evaluation incorporating wind power and demand side management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electric power systems are experiencing dramatic changes with respect to structure, operation and regulation and are facing increasing pressure due to environmental and societal constraints. Bulk electric system reliability is an important consideration in power system planning, design and operation particularly in the new competitive environment. A wide range of methods have been developed to perform bulk electric system reliability evaluation. Theoretically, sequential Monte Carlo simulation can include all aspects and contingencies in a power system and can be used to produce an informative set of reliability indices. It has become a practical and viable tool for large system reliability assessment technique due to the development of computing power and is used in the studies described in this thesis. The well-being approach used in this research provides the opportunity to integrate an accepted deterministic criterion into a probabilistic framework. This research work includes the investigation of important factors that impact bulk electric system adequacy evaluation and security constrained adequacy assessment using the well-being analysis framework. Load forecast uncertainty is an important consideration in an electrical power system. This research includes load forecast uncertainty considerations in bulk electric system reliability assessment and the effects on system, load point and well-being indices and reliability index probability distributions are examined. There has been increasing worldwide interest in the utilization of wind power as a renewable energy source over the last two decades due to enhanced public awareness of the environment. Increasing penetration of wind power has significant impacts on power system reliability, and security analyses become more uncertain due to the unpredictable nature of wind power. The effects of wind power additions in generating and bulk electric system reliability assessment considering site wind speed correlations and the interactive effects of wind power and load forecast uncertainty on system reliability are examined. The concept of the security cost associated with operating in the marginal state in the well-being framework is incorporated in the economic analyses associated with system expansion planning including wind power and load forecast uncertainty. Overall reliability cost/worth analyses including security cost concepts are applied to select an optimal wind power injection strategy in a bulk electric system. The effects of the various demand side management measures on system reliability are illustrated using the system, load point, and well-being indices, and the reliability index probability distributions. The reliability effects of demand side management procedures in a bulk electric system including wind power and load forecast uncertainty considerations are also investigated. The system reliability effects due to specific demand side management programs are quantified and examined in terms of their reliability benefits.

Huang, Dange

284

Abstract --In this work we present a new approach for dynamic reliability and power management of Integrated  

E-print Network

system reliability is strongly affected by reliability network topology and power management policy. I as a function of failure rates, system configuration and power management policies. We show that the overall systems. DPM also affects the reliability of the system components. Lowering power consumption helps

Simunic, Tajana

285

Risk management for buildings -- Has the time come?  

SciTech Connect

There are both incentives and challenges for applying formal risk management processes to buildings and other structures, including bridges, highways, dams, stadiums, shopping centers, and private dwellings. Based on an assessment of several issues, the authors conclude that for certain types of buildings and structures the time has come for the use of a formal risk-management approach, including probabilistic risk assessment methods, to help identify dominant risks to public health, safety, and security and to help manage these risks in a cost-effective manner.

Berry, D.L.; Hunter, R.L.

1997-08-01

286

Comparing the Risks and Returns of Alternative Price Risk Management Strategies for Southeastern Feeder Cattle Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-parametric simulation model incorporating price risk determined gross revenue less risk management costs for cow-calf, winter stockering, and retained ownership scenarios for cattle producers in the Southeast. Risk management scenarios simulated hedging with commodity futures and purchasing at-the-money put options at alternative dates prior to the expected sales date.

Matias G. Nardi; Todd D. Davis; Curt Lacy; J. Walter Prevatt; Timothy D. Hewitt

2006-01-01

287

I-Risk: development of an integrated technical and management risk methodology for chemical installations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an integrated quantitative risk assessment method for hazardous installations, taking into account management as well as technical design and producing risk level measures. The key components of the I-Risk methodology are the technical model, the management model and their interface. The technical model consists of developing a master logic diagram (MLD) delineating the major immediate causes of

I. A. Papazoglou; L. J. Bellamy; A. R. Hale; O. N. Aneziris; B. J. M. Ale; J. G. Post; J. I. H. Oh

2003-01-01

288

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Making Better Decisions  

E-print Network

Mistakes For further information: Halpern, Diane F. 1989. Thought and Knowledge. 2nd ed. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. For additional range management information see: http://texnat.tamu.edu For additional risk management information...

White, Larry D.

2000-11-01

289

ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY Risk Management Services, University of Alberta  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY Risk Management Services, University of Alberta www investigation Interpret legislation Lab close-out Education and training Maintain reference library of codes Provide technical expertise and service to departments in aspects of hazardous waste management, re

Machel, Hans

290

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs: An Assessment of Performance Incentive Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For energy utilities faced with expanded jurisdictional energy efficiency requirements and pursuing demand-side management (DSM) incentive programs in the large industrial sector, performance incentive programs can be an effective means to maximize the reliability of planned energy savings. Performance incentive programs balance the objectives of high participation rates with persistent energy savings by: (1) providing financial incentives and resources to minimize constraints to investment in energy efficiency, and (2) requiring that incentive payments be dependent on measured energy savings over time. As BC Hydro increases its DSM initiatives to meet the Clean Energy Act objective to reduce at least 66 per cent of new electricity demand with DSM by 2020, the utility is faced with a higher level of DSM risk, or uncertainties that impact the costeffective acquisition of planned energy savings. For industrial DSM incentive programs, DSM risk can be broken down into project development and project performance risks. Development risk represents the project ramp-up phase and is the risk that planned energy savings do not materialize due to low customer response to program incentives. Performance risk represents the operational phase and is the risk that planned energy savings do not persist over the effective measure life. DSM project development and performance risks are, in turn, a result of industrial economic, technological and organizational conditions, or DSM risk factors. In the BC large industrial sector, and characteristic of large industrial sectors in general, these DSM risk factors include: (1) capital constraints to investment in energy efficiency, (2) commodity price volatility, (3) limited internal staffing resources to deploy towards energy efficiency, (4) variable load, process-based energy saving potential, and (5) a lack of organizational awareness of an operation's energy efficiency over time (energy performance). This research assessed the capacity of alternative performance incentive program models to manage DSM risk in BC. Three performance incentive program models were assessed and compared to BC Hydro's current large industrial DSM incentive program, Power Smart Partners -- Transmission Project Incentives, itself a performance incentive-based program. Together, the selected program models represent a continuum of program design and implementation in terms of the schedule and level of incentives provided, the duration and rigour of measurement and verification (M&V), energy efficiency measures targeted and involvement of the private sector. A multi criteria assessment framework was developed to rank the capacity of each program model to manage BC large industrial DSM risk factors. DSM risk management rankings were then compared to program costeffectiveness, targeted energy savings potential in BC and survey results from BC industrial firms on the program models. The findings indicate that the reliability of DSM energy savings in the BC large industrial sector can be maximized through performance incentive program models that: (1) offer incentives jointly for capital and low-cost operations and maintenance (O&M) measures, (2) allow flexible lead times for project development, (3) utilize rigorous M&V methods capable of measuring variable load, process-based energy savings, (4) use moderate contract lengths that align with effective measure life, and (5) integrate energy management software tools capable of providing energy performance feedback to customers to maximize the persistence of energy savings. While this study focuses exclusively on the BC large industrial sector, the findings of this research have applicability to all energy utilities serving large, energy intensive industrial sectors.

Gosman, Nathaniel

291

12 CFR 652.15 - Interest rate risk management and requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Interest rate risk management and requirements. 652.15...Management § 652.15 Interest rate risk management and requirements. (a...and supervision) to the interest rate risk management program and must be...

2011-01-01

292

Adapting to a Changing Colorado River: Making Future Water Deliveries More Reliable Through Robust Management Strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and water management agencies representing the seven Colorado River Basin States initiated the Colorado River Basin Study in January 2010 to evaluate the resiliency of the Colorado River system over the next 50 years and compare different options for ensuring successful management of the river's resources. RAND was asked to join this Basin Study Team in January 2012 to help develop an analytic approach to identify key vulnerabilities in managing the Colorado River basin over the coming decades and to evaluate different options that could reduce this vulnerability. Using a quantitative approach for planning under uncertainty called Robust Decision Making (RDM), the RAND team assisted the Basin Study by: identifying future vulnerable conditions that could lead to imbalances that could cause the basin to be unable to meet its water delivery objectives; developing a computer-based tool to define 'portfolios' of management options reflecting different strategies for reducing basin imbalances; evaluating these portfolios across thousands of future scenarios to determine how much they could improve basin outcomes; and analyzing the results from the system simulations to identify key tradeoffs among the portfolios. This talk will describe RAND's contribution to the Basin Study, focusing on the methodologies used to to identify vulnerabilities for Upper Basin and Lower Basin water supply reliability and to compare portfolios of options. Several key findings emerged from the study. Future Streamflow and Climate Conditions Are Key: - Vulnerable conditions arise in a majority of scenarios where streamflows are lower than historical averages and where drought conditions persist for eight years or more. - Depending where the shortages occur, problems will arise for delivery obligations for the upper river basin and the lower river basin. The lower river basin is vulnerable to a broader range of plausible future conditions. Additional Investments in Infrastructure and Efficiency Could Improve Performance and Reduce Risk: - Different portfolios of water-supply and demand-reduction options offer performance trade-offs. - Different types of options in the portfolios, such as conservation, desalination, or water banking, would affect future outcomes and costs of implementation. - Analysis of all the portfolios identified important near-term, high-priority options that should be implemented in the near future, including municipal, industrial, and agricultural conservation. Other Solutions May Be Required: - If future hydrologic conditions develop in a manner consistent with the more pessimistic projections, the Basin is increasingly likely to face vulnerable conditions. The region may need to consider additional management options.

Groves, D.; Bloom, E.; Fischbach, J. R.; Knopman, D.

2013-12-01

293

Mathematics, Pricing, Market Risk Management and Trading Strategies for Financial Derivatives (2/3)  

SciTech Connect

Market Trading and Risk Management of Vanilla FX Options - Measures of Market Risk - Implied Volatility - FX Risk Reversals, FX Strangles - Valuation and Risk Calculations - Risk Management - Market Trading Strategies

None

2009-11-04

294

Mathematics, Pricing, Market Risk Management and Trading Strategies for Financial Derivatives (2/3)  

ScienceCinema

Market Trading and Risk Management of Vanilla FX Options - Measures of Market Risk - Implied Volatility - FX Risk Reversals, FX Strangles - Valuation and Risk Calculations - Risk Management - Market Trading Strategies

None

2011-10-06

295

Evaluation of Risk Management Strategies for a Low-Cost, High-Risk Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes work in progress to define and implement a risk management process tailored to a low-cost, high-risk, NASA mission -the Microrover Flight Experiment (MFEX, commonly called the Mars microrover).

Shishko, Robert; Jorgensen, Edward J.

1996-01-01

296

Wind energy Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) : data collection recommendations for reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the general data requirements for reliability analysis of fielded wind turbines and other wind plant equipment. The report provides a rationale for why this data should be collected, a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and specific data recommendations for a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) to support automated analysis. This data collection recommendations report was written by Sandia National Laboratories to address the general data requirements for reliability analysis of operating wind turbines. This report is intended to help develop a basic understanding of the data needed for reliability analysis from a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) and other data systems. The report provides a rationale for why this data should be collected, a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and specific recommendations for a CMMS to support automated analysis. Though written for reliability analysis of wind turbines, much of the information is applicable to a wider variety of equipment and analysis and reporting needs. The 'Motivation' section of this report provides a rationale for collecting and analyzing field data for reliability analysis. The benefits of this type of effort can include increased energy delivered, decreased operating costs, enhanced preventive maintenance schedules, solutions to issues with the largest payback, and identification of early failure indicators.

Peters, Valerie A.; Ogilvie, Alistair B.

2012-01-01

297

Probabilistic risk assessment for a loss of coolant accident in McMaster Nuclear Reactor and application of reliability physics model for modeling human reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) was conducted for a loss of coolant accident, (LOCA) in the McMaster Nuclear Reactor (MNR). A level 1 PRA was completed including event sequence modeling, system modeling, and quantification. To support the quantification of the accident sequence identified, data analysis using the Bayesian method and human reliability analysis (HRA) using the accident sequence evaluation procedure

Taesung Ha

2007-01-01

298

Inspection data management challenge and basis of efficient risk management  

SciTech Connect

New generation inspection tools are able to accurately detect and size every anomaly which may cause a risk for the safe operation of the pipeline. Pipetronix's experience is that many pipeline inspections with intelligent tools reveal a vast number of anomalies, especially in older pipelines. In many cases, only a few of these are actually serious and affect the integrity of the pipeline at the moment. Immediate remedial action is generally focused on the limited number of most severe defects. Consecutive inline inspections allow an indication of any corrosion growth along the pipeline. The corrosion rate can be predicted depending on the detecting and sizing capabilities of the respective inspection tool. The results can be used to calculate the predicted remaining wall thickness or defect depth along the line for a given period of time. Defect assessment criteria are applicable to the predicted defect geometry. Very often, defect geometry information from consecutive inspections are not available for all defects. The reasons for that may be different reporting levels, limited number of reported defects, problematic inspection data or defects close to or below the specification limits of the respective tool, especially if data are collected from different inspection tool types. Furthermore, new corrosion defects may have been initiated in between the consecutive inspections. All these effects have to be dealt with in the data analysis procedure applied. In order to utilize the intelligent tool information as a basis for a risk management system, an appropriate tool which allows to handle the full amount of data and to integrate this with other relevant data is required. Pipetronix will present an inspection data management tool, with modules for defect monitoring and corrosion prediction. Other modules for GIS-integration, external inspection results, cathodic protection readings etc. will also be highlighted.

Germerdonk, K.; Marston, T.; Pfanger, A.

1999-07-01

299

Risk Measurement, Risk Management, and Capital Adequacy in Financial Conglomerates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is there something special, with respect to risk and capital, about a financial conglomerate that combines banking, insurance and potentially other financial and non-financial activities? To what degree is the risk of the whole less than the sum of its parts? This paper seeks to address these questions by evaluating the risk profile of a typical banking-insurance conglomerate, highlighting the

Andrew Kuritzkes; Til Schuermann; Scott M. Weiner

2003-01-01

300

Johnson Space Center's Risk and Reliability Analysis Group 2008 Annual Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Johnson Space Center (JSC) Safety & Mission Assurance (S&MA) Directorate s Risk and Reliability Analysis Group provides both mathematical and engineering analysis expertise in the areas of Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), Reliability and Maintainability (R&M) analysis, and data collection and analysis. The fundamental goal of this group is to provide National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) decisionmakers with the necessary information to make informed decisions when evaluating personnel, flight hardware, and public safety concerns associated with current operating systems as well as with any future systems. The Analysis Group includes a staff of statistical and reliability experts with valuable backgrounds in the statistical, reliability, and engineering fields. This group includes JSC S&MA Analysis Branch personnel as well as S&MA support services contractors, such as Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) and SoHaR. The Analysis Group s experience base includes nuclear power (both commercial and navy), manufacturing, Department of Defense, chemical, and shipping industries, as well as significant aerospace experience specifically in the Shuttle, International Space Station (ISS), and Constellation Programs. The Analysis Group partners with project and program offices, other NASA centers, NASA contractors, and universities to provide additional resources or information to the group when performing various analysis tasks. The JSC S&MA Analysis Group is recognized as a leader in risk and reliability analysis within the NASA community. Therefore, the Analysis Group is in high demand to help the Space Shuttle Program (SSP) continue to fly safely, assist in designing the next generation spacecraft for the Constellation Program (CxP), and promote advanced analytical techniques. The Analysis Section s tasks include teaching classes and instituting personnel qualification processes to enhance the professional abilities of our analysts as well as performing major probabilistic assessments used to support flight rationale and help establish program requirements. During 2008, the Analysis Group performed more than 70 assessments. Although all these assessments were important, some were instrumental in the decisionmaking processes for the Shuttle and Constellation Programs. Two of the more significant tasks were the Space Transportation System (STS)-122 Low Level Cutoff PRA for the SSP and the Orion Pad Abort One (PA-1) PRA for the CxP. These two activities, along with the numerous other tasks the Analysis Group performed in 2008, are summarized in this report. This report also highlights several ongoing and upcoming efforts to provide crucial statistical and probabilistic assessments, such as the Extravehicular Activity (EVA) PRA for the Hubble Space Telescope service mission and the first fully integrated PRAs for the CxP's Lunar Sortie and ISS missions.

Valentine, Mark; Boyer, Roger; Cross, Bob; Hamlin, Teri; Roelant, Henk; Stewart, Mike; Bigler, Mark; Winter, Scott; Reistle, Bruce; Heydorn,Dick

2009-01-01

301

Managing Risks in Distributed Software Projects: An Integrative Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software projects are increasingly geographically distributed with limited face-to-face interaction between participants. These projects face particular challenges that need careful managerial attention. While risk management has been adopted with success to address other challenges within software development, there are currently no frameworks available for managing risks related to geographical distribution. On this background, we systematically review the literature on geographically

John Stouby Persson; Lars Mathiassen; Jesper Boeg; Thomas Stenskrog Madsen; Flemming Steinson

2009-01-01

302

Math 576: Quantitative Risk Management lih@math.wsu.edu  

E-print Network

domain of attraction of H, and denoted as F MDA(H). Haijun Li Math 576: Quantitative Risk Management MDA(H), then H(x; ) = exp{-(1 + x) -1/ + }, x R, where R is called the extreme value index. After. X F MDA(H) limn Fn(cn + dnx) = H(x). Haijun Li Math 576: Quantitative Risk Management Week 10 9

Li, Haijun

303

RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PLAN FOR ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION IN WATERSHEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This document outlines the scope of National Risk Management Laboratory (NRMRL) risk management research in the area of ecosystem restoration. NRMRL is uniquely positioned to make substantial contributions to ecosystem science because of its in-house expertise relative to surfac...

304

OSU Office of Risk Management Foreign Citizens Working Abroad  

E-print Network

. International Travel Registration Please submit to OSU Risk Management via fax or email prior to travel. If youOSU Office of Risk Management Foreign Citizens Working Abroad Student/Employee Name: Phone: E-mail: Department Name: Department Contact Person: Country of Travel: Dates in Country: Effective Date *If working

Tullos, Desiree

305

Wildland Fire Risk and Management on West and South Ranges  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Wildland Fire Risk and Management on West and South Ranges Schofield Barracks, Oahu March) Intermountain Fire Science Lab, Missoula, MT CEMML TPS01-11 #12;#12;Wildland Fire Risk and Management on West .................................................................................................................................. 1 Fire Characteristics of Common Species

306

Kansas Citys, Missouri and Kansas Flood Risk Management Project  

E-print Network

Kansas Citys, Missouri and Kansas Flood Risk Management Project 22 April 2014 ABSTRACT: The existing Kansas Citys, Missouri and Kansas, Flood Risk Management Project consists of seven levee units along both banks of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers in the Kansas City Metropolitan area. The entire

US Army Corps of Engineers

307

How Relevant is Volatility Forecasting for Financial Risk Management?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It depends. If volatility fluctuates in a forecastable way, then volatility forecasts are useful for risk management; hence the interest in volatility forecastability in the risk management literature. Volatility forecastability, however, varies with horizon, and different horizons are relevant in different applications. Existing assessments are plagued by the fact that they are joint assessments of volatility forecastability and an assumed

Peter F. Christoffersen; Francis X. Diebold

1997-01-01

308

How Relevant is Volatility Forecasting for Financial Risk Management?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It depends. If volatility fluctuates in a forecastable way, volatility forecasts are useful for risk management (hence the interest in volatility forecastability in the risk management literature). Volatility forecastability, however, varies with horizon, and different horizons are relevant in different applications. Moreover, existing assessments of volatility forecastability are plagued by the fact that they are joint assessments of volatility forecastability

Peter F. Christoffersen; Francis X. Diebold

2000-01-01

309

[Methods and tools for risk management in healthcare organisations].  

PubMed

Risk management is a major stake for healthcare organisations. In a systemic approach, the process is based on methods and tools, of which the main ones are mentioned, for general application by clinical or technical teams, for some of them with quality and risk management support. PMID:18930687

Roussel, P; Guez, P; Moll, M-C

2008-11-01

310

3 From Risk Management to Equity Effectiveness in  

E-print Network

1 3 From Risk Management to Equity Effectiveness in Environmental Sanitation and Health in Africa , and Guéladio Cissé12 Abstract Achieving the MDGs in water and sanitation as well as in food and nutrition for equitable management of health and sanitation risks among neglected populations. Classical meth- ods

Richner, Heinz

311

Economic Feasibility of Organic Farms and Risk Management Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organic farmers must face different risks than conventional farmers Due to the special features of management of their productive system, and due to the specific characteristics of their cultivations. This study analyses the specific risks that organic farmers must manage as well as the different strategies that there are developing nowadays. Even if the Spanish farmers rely on the insurance

Felipe Medina; Ana Iglesias

2008-01-01

312

The UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE Office of Risk Management  

E-print Network

The UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE Office of Risk Management 112 Conference Center Building Knoxville, TN to the Office of Risk Management. NOTE: Please share this information within your department/unit with those that are responsible for the utilization of this program. In the event of a claim, it will be necessary for the college

Cui, Yan

313

Simplified plant analysis risk (SPAR) human reliability analysis (HRA) methodology: Comparisons with other HRA methods  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) human reliability analysis (HRA) methodology was developed for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) in 1994 by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). It was decided to revise that methodology for use by the Simplified Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) program. The 1994 ASP HRA methodology was compared, by a team of analysts, on a point-by-point basis to a variety of other HRA methods and sources. This paper briefly discusses how the comparisons were made and how the 1994 ASP HRA methodology was revised to incorporate desirable aspects of other methods. The revised methodology was renamed the SPAR HRA methodology.

J. C. Byers; D. I. Gertman; S. G. Hill; H. S. Blackman; C. D. Gentillon; B. P. Hallbert; L. N. Haney

2000-07-31

314

Simplified Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Methodology: Comparisons with other HRA Methods  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) human reliability analysis (HRA) methodology was developed for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) in 1994 by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). It was decided to revise that methodology for use by the Simplified Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) program. The 1994 ASP HRA methodology was compared, by a team of analysts, on a point-by-point basis to a variety of other HRA methods and sources. This paper briefly discusses how the comparisons were made and how the 1994 ASP HRA methodology was revised to incorporate desirable aspects of other methods. The revised methodology was renamed the SPAR HRA methodology.

Byers, James Clifford; Gertman, David Ira; Hill, Susan Gardiner; Blackman, Harold Stabler; Gentillon, Cynthia Ann; Hallbert, Bruce Perry; Haney, Lon Nolan

2000-08-01

315

Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Macro Markets puts forward a unique and authoritative set of detailed proposals for establishing new markets for the management of the biggest economic risks facing society. Our existing financial markets are seen as being inadequate in dealing with such risks and Professor Shiller suggests major new markets as solutions to the problem. Shiller argues that although some risks, such as

Robert J. Shiller

1993-01-01

316

It Risk Management: From IT Necessity to Strategic Business Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

With information technology becoming an increasingly important part of every enterprise, managing IT risk has become critically important for CIOs and their business counterparts. However, the complexity of IT makes it very difficult to understand and make good decisions about IT risks. CISR research has identified four business risks - Availability, Access, Accuracy, and Agility - that are most affected

George Westerman

2007-01-01

317

Expected Shortfall as a Tool for Financial Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the properties of Expected Shortfall from the point of view of financial risk management. This measure --- which emerges as a natural remedy in some cases where Value at Risk (VaR) is not able to distinguish portfolios which bear different levels of risk --- is indeed shown to have much better properties than VaR. We show in fact

Carlo Acerbi; Claudio Nordio; Carlo Sirtori

2001-01-01

318

An object-oriented approach to risk and reliability analysis : methodology and aviation safety applications.  

SciTech Connect

This article describes how features of event tree analysis and Monte Carlo-based discrete event simulation can be combined with concepts from object-oriented analysis to develop a new risk assessment methodology, with some of the best features of each. The resultant object-based event scenario tree (OBEST) methodology enables an analyst to rapidly construct realistic models for scenarios for which an a priori discovery of event ordering is either cumbersome or impossible. Each scenario produced by OBEST is automatically associated with a likelihood estimate because probabilistic branching is integral to the object model definition. The OBEST methodology is then applied to an aviation safety problem that considers mechanisms by which an aircraft might become involved in a runway incursion incident. The resulting OBEST model demonstrates how a close link between human reliability analysis and probabilistic risk assessment methods can provide important insights into aviation safety phenomenology.

Dandini, Vincent John; Duran, Felicia Angelica; Wyss, Gregory Dane

2003-09-01

319

Value-added medical-device risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assessment of overall residual risk is the primary objective of performing risk-management activities and is required by ISO 14971:2000-Application of Risk Management to Medical Devices. Despite this requirement, much confusion remains among medical-device manufacturers and the various regulatory-approval bodies as to what is required. Today, many medical-device manufacturers do not formally address the subject. This paper will address the

C. Schmuland

2005-01-01

320

FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT FOR SETTING PRIORITIES IN DECISION MAKING  

Microsoft Academic Search

- Risk management as a tool for decision making has found more and more acceptance among scientists, and even for\\u000a planners of flood protection systems. However, a shortcoming of this approach is that at present it only considers risk cost\\u000a as management tool. It is at present the basis for most risk based approaches, which start with hazard maps, which

ERICH J. PLATE

321

Management of High-Risk Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is an increasing public health concern, representing the second most common cancer in the United States. High-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma represents a subgroup of this disease, where patients are at higher risk of metastasis and death. To date, there are no accepted criteria for defining or managing these patients. This review discusses the current state of knowledge of high-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and outlines reasonable management strategies based on available data. PMID:20725546

Jennings, Lorraine

2010-01-01

322

Background risk information to assist in risk management decision making  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of the need for remedial activities at hazardous waste sites requires quantification of risks of adverse health effects to humans and the ecosystem resulting from the presence of chemical and radioactive substances at these sites. The health risks from exposure to these substances are in addition to risks encountered because of the virtually unavoidable exposure to naturally occurring chemicals and radioactive materials that are present in air, water, soil, building materials, and food products. To provide a frame of reference for interpreting risks quantified for hazardous waste sites, it is useful to identify the relative magnitude of risks of both a voluntary and involuntary nature that are ubiquitous throughout east Tennessee. In addition to discussing risks from the ubiquitous presence of background carcinogens in the east Tennessee environment, this report also presents risks resulting from common, everyday activities. Such information should, not be used to discount or trivialize risks from hazardous waste contamination, but rather, to create a sensitivity to general risk issues, thus providing a context for better interpretation of risk information.

Hammonds, J.S.; Hoffman, F.O.; White, R.K.; Miller, D.B.

1992-10-01

323

Integrated Risk and Knowledge Management Program -- IRKM-P  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) IRKM-P tightly couples risk management and knowledge management processes and tools to produce an effective "modern" work environment. IRKM-P objectives include: (1) to learn lessons from past and current programs (Apollo, Space Shuttle, and the International Space Station); (2) to generate and share new engineering design, operations, and management best practices through preexisting Continuous Risk Management (CRM) procedures and knowledge-management practices; and (3) to infuse those lessons and best practices into current activities. The conceptual framework of the IRKM-P is based on the assumption that risks highlight potential knowledge gaps that might be mitigated through one or more knowledge management practices or artifacts. These same risks also serve as cues for collection of knowledge particularly, knowledge of technical or programmatic challenges that might recur.

Lengyel, David M.

2009-01-01

324

Continuing Developments in PV Risk Management: Strategies, Solutions, and Implications  

SciTech Connect

As the PV industry matures, successful risk management practices will become more imperative to ensure investor confidence, control costs, and facilitate further growth. This report discusses several key aspects of risk management during the commercial- and utility-scale project life cycle, from identification of risks, to the process of mitigating and allocating those risks among project parties, to transferring those risks through insurance. The report also explores novel techniques in PV risk management, options to offload risks onto the capital markets, and innovative insurance policies (namely warranty policies) that address risks unique to the PV sector. One of the major justifications for robust risk management in the PV industry is the cost-reduction opportunities it affords. If the PV industry can demonstrate the capability to successfully manage its risks, thereby inspiring confidence in financiers, it may be able to obtain a lower cost of capital in future transactions. A lower cost of capital translates to a lower cost of energy, which will in turn enhance PV?s competitiveness at a time when it will have to rely less on subsidies to support its market penetration.

Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Speer, B.; Hill, R.

2013-02-01

325

Modeling and Quantification of Team Performance in Human Reliability Analysis for Probabilistic Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) and Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) are important technical contributors to the United States (U.S.) Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC) risk-informed and performance based approach to regulating U.S. commercial nuclear activities. Furthermore, all currently operating commercial NPPs in the U.S. are required by federal regulation to be staffed with crews of operators. Yet, aspects of team performance are underspecified in most HRA methods that are widely used in the nuclear industry. There are a variety of "emergent" team cognition and teamwork errors (e.g., communication errors) that are 1) distinct from individual human errors, and 2) important to understand from a PRA perspective. The lack of robust models or quantification of team performance is an issue that affects the accuracy and validity of HRA methods and models, leading to significant uncertainty in estimating HEPs. This paper describes research that has the objective to model and quantify team dynamics and teamwork within NPP control room crews for risk informed applications, thereby improving the technical basis of HRA, which improves the risk-informed approach the NRC uses to regulate the U.S. commercial nuclear industry.

Jeffrey C. JOe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01

326

Reliability-Aware Energy Management for Periodic Real-Time Tasks Dakai Zhu Hakan Aydin  

E-print Network

Reliability-Aware Energy Management for Periodic Real-Time Tasks Dakai Zhu Hakan Aydin Department San Antonio, TX, 78249 Fairfax, VA 22030 dzhu@cs.utsa.edu aydin@cs.gmu.edu Abstract The prominent, several research studies explored the problem of minimizing energy con- The research of Hakan Aydin

Zhu, Dakai

327

Reliable information management in a low-cost wireless structural monitoring and control network  

E-print Network

as the primary communication link. Cable installation is labor intensive and time consuming, and can cost as muchReliable information management in a low-cost wireless structural monitoring and control network to transmit sensor data and actuation signals. With recent advances in wireless communication technology

Lynch, Jerome P.

328

Risk Communication: the connection between assessment and management of changing risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Working toward effective risk mitigation strategies amidst ever-present and increasingly changing risks requires first effective communication between assessment and management spheres. This notion permeates the spectrum of what can be considered the physical changing risk inputs that feed into the risk governance processes of assessment, management and communication of risks. Close connections and overlaps between assessment and management requires communication to serve as the crux for the close collaboration necessary for encouraging preventative, long-term strategies for reducing disaster risks.1 More specifically, communication of risk information plays this connective role by informing and advising policy and decision making processes conducted by actors such as spatial planners who receive this information. In this way, those who assess the risks provide information to those who must manage these risks. When this one-directional communication pathway is reciprocated, risk managers provide information to risk assessors, enabling two-way communication amongst actors working toward risk reduction. This communication and exchange of information enables development of strategies and actions taken toward creating and improving risk mitigation measures within a given territory and community. Further, management actions taken (especially for mitigative measures) can alter the physical and social elements of the spatial context of their territory.2 This demands an adjustment of the previous risk assessment information and communication of the change in potential risk. These conceptual underpinnings are addressed and presented through explanation of an analytical framework encompassing changing risk inputs into risk governance processes. The framework elaborates the risk communication component and is supported by practical examples from stakeholder meetings and site visits in the Polish and Romania case study areas of the Marie Curie ITN, CHANGES.3 Specific examples are provided especially within the topic of mitigation through spatial planning, as one of the risk management actors using the provided risk information to implement effective measures. Results of example analysis indicate that, in Poland, alteration in risk assessment methods according to the implementation of the EU Floods Directive may be detrimental to local level management strategies. In the case of Romania, evidence suggests that severe deficiencies exist in the communication and use of risk assessment information especially in the formation and implementation of land use plans. Utilizing these and other examples, the research concludes with some key points gleaned from the combination of the both conceptual and practical approach in order to foster dialogue and discussion toward future research.

Sprague, Teresa; Prenger-Berninghoff, Kathrin; Charrière, Marie

2013-04-01

329

Rethinking the relationship between flood risk perception and flood management.  

PubMed

Although flood risk perceptions and their concomitant motivations for behaviour have long been recognised as significant features of community resilience in the face of flooding events, there has, for some time now, been a poorly appreciated fissure in the accompanying literature. Specifically, rationalist and constructivist paradigms in the broader domain of risk perception provide different (though not always conflicting) contexts for interpreting evidence and developing theory. This contribution reviews the major constructs that have been applied to understanding flood risk perceptions and contextualises these within broader conceptual developments around risk perception theory and contemporary thinking around flood risk management. We argue that there is a need to re-examine and re-invigorate flood risk perception research, in a manner that is comprehensively underpinned by more constructivist thinking around flood risk management as well as by developments in broader risk perception research. We draw attention to an historical over-emphasis on the cognitive perceptions of those at risk to the detriment of a richer understanding of a wider range of flood risk perceptions such as those of policy-makers or of tax-payers who live outside flood affected areas as well as the linkages between these perspectives and protective measures such as state-supported flood insurance schemes. Conclusions challenge existing understandings of the relationship between risk perception and flood management, particularly where the latter relates to communication strategies and the extent to which those at risk from flooding feel responsible for taking protective actions. PMID:24530580

Birkholz, S; Muro, M; Jeffrey, P; Smith, H M

2014-04-15

330

Uncertainty Quantification in the Reliability and Risk Assessment of Generation IV Reactors: Final Scientific/Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The project entitled, “Uncertainty Quantification in the Reliability and Risk Assessment of Generation IV Reactors”, was conducted as a DOE NERI project collaboration between Texas A&M University and The Ohio State University between March 2006 and June 2009. The overall goal of the proposed project was to develop practical approaches and tools by which dynamic reliability and risk assessment techniques can be used to augment the uncertainty quantification process in probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methods and PRA applications for Generation IV reactors. This report is the Final Scientific/Technical Report summarizing the project.

Vierow, Karen; Aldemir, Tunc

2009-09-10

331

Integrated Waste Treatment Unit GFSI Risk Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This GFSI Risk Management Plan (RMP) describes the strategy for assessing and managing project risks for the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (IWTU) that are specifically within the control and purview of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and identifies the risks that formed the basis for the DOE contingency included in the performance baseline. DOE-held contingency is required to cover cost and schedule impacts of DOE activities. Prior to approval of the performance baseline (Critical Decision-2) project cost contingency was evaluated during a joint meeting of the Contractor Management Team and the Integrated Project Team for both contractor and DOE risks to schedule and cost. At that time, the contractor cost and schedule risk value was $41.3M and the DOE cost and schedule risk contingency value is $39.0M. The contractor cost and schedule risk value of $41.3M was retained in the performance baseline as the contractor's management reserve for risk contingency. The DOE cost and schedule risk value of $39.0M has been retained in the performance baseline as the DOE Contingency. The performance baseline for the project was approved in December 2006 (Garman 2006). The project will continue to manage to the performance baseline and change control thresholds identified in PLN-1963, ''Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium-Bearing Waste Treatment Project Execution Plan'' (PEP).

W. A. Owca

2007-06-21

332

76 FR 76103 - Privacy Act; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: State-78, Risk Analysis and Management Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...State-78, Risk Analysis and Management Records SUMMARY: Notice is hereby...portions of the Risk Analysis and Management Records system of records from subsections...2) * * * Risk Analysis and Management Records,...

2011-12-06

333

76 FR 76215 - Privacy Act; System of Records: State-78, Risk Analysis and Management Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...State-78, Risk Analysis and Management Records SUMMARY: Notice is hereby...records, Risk Analysis and Management Records, State-78, pursuant to...will be ``Risk Analysis and Management Records.'' The proposed system...

2011-12-06

334

12 CFR 615.5180 - Bank interest rate risk management program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Bank interest rate risk management program. 615.5180 Section...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5180 Bank interest rate risk management program. (a) The...

2014-01-01

335

12 CFR 615.5180 - Interest rate risk management by banks-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Interest rate risk management by banks-general. 615.5180...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5180 Interest rate risk management by banks—general....

2012-01-01

336

12 CFR 615.5180 - Interest rate risk management by banks-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Interest rate risk management by banks-general. 615.5180...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5180 Interest rate risk management by banks—general....

2013-01-01

337

12 CFR 615.5181 - Bank interest rate risk management program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Bank interest rate risk management program. 615.5181 Section...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5181 Bank interest rate risk management program. (a) The...

2012-01-01

338

12 CFR 615.5180 - Interest rate risk management by banks-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Interest rate risk management by banks-general. 615.5180...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5180 Interest rate risk management by banks—general....

2011-01-01

339

12 CFR 615.5181 - Bank interest rate risk management program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Bank interest rate risk management program. 615.5181 Section...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5181 Bank interest rate risk management program. (a) The...

2013-01-01

340

12 CFR 615.5181 - Bank interest rate risk management program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Bank interest rate risk management program. 615.5181 Section...AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Risk Assessment and Management § 615.5181 Bank interest rate risk management program. (a) The...

2011-01-01

341

75 FR 20717 - Federal Housing Administration: Continuation of FHA Reform; Strengthening Risk Management Through...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...integrity, competence, or fitness to meet the responsibilities...Strengthening Counterparty Risk Management,'' issued September 18...Strengthening Counterparty Risk Management Mortgagee Letter, issued...of strengthening its risk management. Commenters raised...

2010-04-20

342

76 FR 38293 - Risk Management Controls for Brokers or Dealers With Market Access  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...3235-AK53 Risk Management Controls for Brokers...to establish, document, and maintain a system of risk management controls and supervisory...to establish, document, and maintain a system of risk management controls and...

2011-06-30

343

National policies for risk management in Italy.  

PubMed

The Ministry of Health in Italy considers risk management (RM) to be one of the specific objectives to be developed by its national policies, as suggested by the European Union recommendations and by several international organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the Council of Europe, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The National Health Plan stated the need to guarantee and monitor safety of health care and biomedical technology, with the development of a standardized computerized method to collect and analyze data on adverse events and with specific actions for education and training of all stakeholders, which is to be conducted at different levels of the health system governance, national, regional, and local. Over a 4-year period, the National Observatory for the Monitoring of Sentinel Events has collected data on 385 sentinel events, with a mortality rate of 54.8%. Compared with earlier reports, we have observed a reduction from 41% to 17% of sentinel events classified in the "nonspecified sentinel event" and an increase from 20% to 40% of cases in which an action plan has been developed. A manual for root cause analysis has been released with the aim of offering health operators an instrument to analyze the occurrence of an adverse event. Ten recommendations and a manual for safety in the operating room, which includes a checklist for safe surgery adapted on the basis of WHO suggestions, have been published. To date, eight guidelines for safety have been released to improve stakeholders' accountability. The Ministry of Health has also elaborated a program of specific actions to be developed over the next 2 years in several areas of RM. These initiatives confirm the strategic role of policies for RM in our country, allowing for a dynamic and proactive process, ensuring continuity of action and promoting a deep understanding of patient safety issues. PMID:20692438

Ghirardini, A; Cardone, R; De Feo, A; Leomporra, G; Cannizzaro, G D; Sgrò, A; Palumbo, F

2010-01-01

344

Who Does What? Office for Research Safety (ORS), Facilities Management (FM), Risk Management (RM), University Police  

E-print Network

you need a service. Question Contact Answer Topic: Laboratory Safety Equipment (hoods, biological safety cabinets, flammable materials storage, emergency showers, emergency eyewashes, fire extinguishersWho Does What? Office for Research Safety (ORS), Facilities Management (FM), Risk Management (RM

Shull, Kenneth R.

345

Effectively Managing Nuclear Risk Through Human Performance Improvement  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. commercial nuclear industry has just completed an outstanding decade of plant performance. Safety levels and electric production are at unprecedented high levels and continue to exceed even high industry goals. Nuclear energy continues to keep the highest priority on performance improvement programs and highly trained and qualified people that maintain its record setting safety and reliability of operations. While the industry has maintained a high level of performance, the advent of deregulation and the consolidation of nuclear power plant ownership, as well as the current climate for concern about both rising energy costs and the availability of power, have raised the standard for nuclear energy's level of competitiveness in today's market place. The resulting challenge is how to more effectively manage risk and to improve performance even further in a generally high-performing industry. One of the most effective ways to develop this culture is to apply the principles of Hum an Performance Technology, or HPT. HPT is a relatively new field. Its principles are derived from the research and practice of behavioral and cognitive psychologists, instructional technologists, training designers, organizational developers, and various human resource specialists. Using the principles of HPT can help the nuclear industry successfully meet ever-changing environmental and business demands.

Coe, Richard [Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Somers Point, NJ (US); Lake, Patricia [Louisiana Pacific Corporation, Portland, OR (US)

2003-09-01

346

ePORT, NASA's Computer Database Program for System Safety Risk Management Oversight (Electronic Project Online Risk Tool)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ePORT (electronic Project Online Risk Tool) provides a systematic approach to using an electronic database program to manage a program/project risk management processes. This presentation will briefly cover the standard risk management procedures, then thoroughly cover NASA's Risk Management tool called ePORT. This electronic Project Online Risk Tool (ePORT) is a web-based risk management program that provides a common framework to capture and manage risks, independent of a programs/projects size and budget. It is used to thoroughly cover the risk management paradigm providing standardized evaluation criterion for common management reporting, ePORT improves Product Line, Center and Corporate Management insight, simplifies program/project manager reporting, and maintains an archive of data for historical reference.

Johnson, Paul W.

2008-01-01

347

A challenge for land and risk managers: differents stakeholders, differents definitions of the risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing countries, mountain populations and territories are subject to multiple risks and vulnerabilities. In addition, they face even greater challenges than developed countries due to lack of knowledge, resources and technology. There are many different types of actors in society that manage risk at various scales and levels (i.e. engineers, geologists, administrators, land use planners, merchants and local indigenous and non-indigenous people). Because of limited resources and possibilities to reduce all types of risk, these different actors, or 'risk managers' have to choose and compete to prioritize which types of risks to address. This paper addresses a case study from San Cristobal Altaverapaz, Guatemala where a large landslide "Los Chorros", a catastrophic collapse of 6 millions cubic meters of rock, is affecting several communities and one of the country's main west-east access highways. In this case, the government established that the "primary" risk is the landslide, whereas other local stakeholders consider the primary risks to be economic This paper, situated at the cross section between political science, geography and disaster risk management, addresses the social conflict and competition for priorities and solutions for risk management, depending on the group of actors based on the on-going Los Chorros, Guatemala landslide mitigation process. This work is based on the analysis of practices, (Practical Science), policies and institutions in order to understand how the inclusion of multiple stakeholders in determining risk priorities can lead to more sustainable risk management in a given territory. The main objective of this investigation is first to identify and understand the juxtaposition of different readings of the risk equation, usually considered the interface between vulnerability, exposure and hazards. Secondly, it is to analyze the mechanisms of actions taken by various stakeholders, or risk managers. The analysis focuses on the various solutions proposed for reducing vulnerabilities (and consequentially their risks). To resolve a post-disaster situation, the actors prioritize one main type of vulnerability to address a set of vulnerabilities (in a multi-vulnerability context). With this choice, they define their own acceptable risk limits and the type of action that is most relevant. In doing so, they have to determine what elements can be changed and improved and which elements must be considered essential and preserved or the priority variables. These may include: equipment, production facilities, networks, services, modes of production and organizations, etc. or various economic and social capitals upon which individuals and groups rely for recovering from a post-disaster situation. Depending on the actor, certain factors will be will be emphasized over others and these may change over time. Linked with this political, institutional and geographical analysis of risk management, this work also questions who are the legitimate actors and the right criteria to prioritize risk reduction actions using public funds criteria and finally, which motivations are satisfied. In this sense, the challenge for managers of natural hazards is to move from risk management in the strict sense, which focuses mainly on hazards only, to a broader risks management, taking into consideration what is important for society and for the functioning of systems (what have not be vulnerable in a territorial system). In a context where risk and risk management is produced and managed by both formal and informal stakeholders, the main issue is how to engage the various stakeholders and evaluate different priorities of risk in order to determine which actions are best suited for a more balanced approach to risk management. This case study demonstrates that reducing landslide risk is subject to interpretation depending on the stakeholder and the result of priorities, providing on the role of each actor, their needs and range of action with a territory.

Fernandez, M.; Ruegg, J.

2012-04-01

348

Nanotechnology—Life-Cycle Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientists, risk practitioners, and regulators have debated the need to be proactive in assessing the potential health and environmental risks and benefits of unregulated nano-scale technologies. Many nanotech-based products and applications are already in use or development. Application of a proactive risk-based approach that considers the life cycle of the product, rather than a precautionary principle approach that would likely

Leonard Sweet; Bradford Strohm

2006-01-01

349

Practical management of patients with hypertension and metabolic risk factors: Using lifestyle to reduce risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clusters of risk factors that develop with aging signify increased cardiovascular risk. The importance of this risk factor\\u000a burden in those with hypertension is underscored by the fact that only one in seven hypertensive men and one in 20 hypertensive\\u000a women develop coronary heart disease if no concomitant risk factors are present. This review focuses on the practical management\\u000a of

Neil J. Stone

2008-01-01

350

Hurricane risk management and climate information gatekeeping in southeast Florida  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tropical storms provide fresh water necessary for healthy economies and health ecosystems. Hurricanes, massive tropical storms, threaten catastrophic flooding and wind damage. Sea level rise exacerbates flooding risks from rain and storm surge for coastal communities. Climate change adaptation measures to manage this risk must be implemented locally, but actions at other levels of government and by neighboring communities impact the options available to local municipalities. When working on adaptation local decision makers must balance multiple types of risk: physical or scientifically described risks, legal risks, and political risks. Generating usable or actionable climate science is a goal of the academic climate community. To do this we need to expand our analysis to include types of risk that constrain the use of objective science. Integrating physical, legal, and political risks is difficult. Each requires specific expertise and uses unique language. An opportunity exists to study how local decision makers manage all three on a daily basis and how their risk management impacts climate resilience for communities and ecosystems. South Florida's particular vulnerabilities make it an excellent case study. Besides physical vulnerabilities (low elevation, intense coastal development, frequent hurricanes, compromised ecosystems) it also has unique legal and political challenges. Federal and state property rights protections create legal risks for government action that restricts land use to promote climate adaptation. Also, a lack of cases that deal with climate change creates uncertainty about the nature of these legal risks. Politically Florida is divided ideologically and geographically. The regions in the southeast which are most vulnerable are predominantly Hispanic and under-represented at the state level, where leadership on climate change is functionally nonexistent. It is conventional wisdom amongst water managers in Florida that little climate adaptation will not occur until a major hurricane hits the region, despite the cost effectiveness of preemptive interventions. It is assumed that after a hurricane the political risks will shift. New policies will be tried and new infrastructure will be built. Many municipalities and agencies are creating "shovel ready" plans in advance to take advantage of post-catastrophe funds. How do the design of these plans reflect perceptions of legal and political risk? Will they do a good job of reducing scientific risk by addressing long term physical threats? In this study we identify specific challenges to climate adaptation in Florida and explore how local and regional water management decision makers balance physical, legal, and political risks in their planning. A primary risk management tool is the strategic use of information. Through targeted interviews with stakeholders we identify key information gatekeepers and their strategies for reducing multiple types of risk.

Treuer, G.; Bolson, J.

2013-12-01

351

Reliability Engineering and System Safety 92 (2007) 609618 The nuclear industry's transition to risk-informed regulation and  

E-print Network

Reliability Engineering and System Safety 92 (2007) 609­618 The nuclear industry's transition, USA b Nuclear Power Engineering, Quality and Safety Management Department, Tokyo Electric Power management. The experience of the United States shows positive results in both safety and economics. The INPO

352

It Risk Management: From IT Necessity to Strategic Business Value  

E-print Network

With information technology becoming an increasingly important part of every enterprise, managing IT risk has become critically important for CIOs and their business counterparts. However, the complexity of IT makes it ...

Westerman, George

2007-12-07

353

76 FR 16587 - Risk Management Requirements for Derivatives Clearing Organizations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Part 39 RIN 3038-AC98 Risk Management Requirements for Derivatives Clearing Organizations AGENCY: Commodity Futures Trading...the comment period for a proposed rule that would require derivatives clearing organizations (DCOs) to report...

2011-03-24

354

INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY AND ITS RELEVANCE TO RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

In the past indoor environmental risk management has, for the most part, focused on control of primary pollutants, which enter the indoor environment directly from outdoor and indoor sources. Recent developments in indoor chemistry suggest that secondary pollutants, generated by ...

355

Generating Personalised Cardiovascular Risk Management Educational Interventions Linking  

E-print Network

72 Generating Personalised Cardiovascular Risk Management Educational Interventions Linking SCORE and Behaviour Change Selena Davis, Syed Abidi, Jafna Cox* Health Informatics Laboratory, Faculty of Computer Science, and *Departments of Medicine and of Community Health and Epidemiology, QEII Health Sciences

Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

356

76 FR 9870 - Financial Management Policies-Interest Rate Risk  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Financial Management Policies...Risk AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), Treasury. ACTION...3507. The Office of Thrift Supervision within the Department of...

2011-02-22

357

Managing the Risks of Climate Change and Terrorism  

SciTech Connect

The article describes challenges to comparative risk assessment, a key approach for managing uncertainty in decision making, across diverse threats such as terrorism and climate change and argues new approaches will be particularly important in addressing decisions related to sustainability.

Rosa, Eugene; Dietz, Tom; Moss, Richard H.; Atran, Scott; Moser, Susanne

2012-04-07

358

APPLICATION OF RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTICES TO NNSA TRITIUM READINESS SUBPROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Stockpile Technology (NNSA/NA-123) chartered a risk assessment of the Tritium Readiness (TR) Subprogram to identify risks and to develop handling strategies with specific action items that could be scheduled and tracked to completion in order to minimize program failures. This assessment was performed by a team of subject matter experts (SMEs) comprised of representatives from various organizations participating in the TR Subprogram. The process was coordinated by Savannah River Site, Systems Engineering (SRS/SE) with support from Subprogram Team. The Risk Management Process steps performed during this risk assessment were: Planning, Identification, Grading, Handling, and Impact Determination. All of the information captured during the risk assessment was recorded in a database. The team provided estimates for the cost and schedule impacts of implementing the recommended handling strategies and facilitated the risk based cost contingency analysis. The application of the Risk Management Practices to the NNSA Tritium Readiness Subprogram resulted in: (1) The quarterly review and update of the Risk Management Database to include an evaluation of all existing risks and the identification/evaluation of any potential new risks. (2) The risk status and handling strategy action item tracking mechanism that has visibility and buy-in throughout the Tritium Readiness Subprogram to ensure that approved actions are completed as scheduled and that risk reduction is being achieved. (3) The generation of a risk-based cost contingency estimate that may be used by the Tritium Readiness Subprogram Manager in establishing future year program budgets.

Shete, S; Srini Venkatesh, S

2007-01-31

359

Financial Risk Management by Insurers: An Analysis of the Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

On-site visits to financial service firms were conducted to review and evaluate their risk management systems. In the insurance sector, this evaluation covered prominent life\\/health and property-liability insurers, both in the United States and abroad. The information obtained covered both the philosophy and the practice of financial risk management. This article outines the results of this investigation. It reports the

Anthony M. Santomero; David F. Babbel

1997-01-01

360

[Quality improvement: recommendations for risks and irregularities management].  

PubMed

This document describes the different steps to implement for the risk management system in a medical laboratory. The risk management and the treatment of non-conformities are two essential pieces in the continuous improvement of quality system. Taking into account, according to the requirements, the non-conformities leads to immediately remedial action, with corrective action to avoid recurrence is a real task for information and continuous improvement. PMID:23765016

Pernas, P

2013-06-01

361

Novel risk assessment techniques for maritime safety management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following a brief review of the current status of offshore safety regulations in the UK, several issues pertaining to the problems encountered in applying the existing reliability and safety analysis methods in quantitative safety appraisal studies, especially in the early concept design stage of maritime engineering products, are discussed. Presents three novel risk assessment and decision support frameworks. These include

How Sing Sii; Jin Wang; Tom Ruxton

2001-01-01

362

Managing Climate Risk. Integrating Adaptation into World Bank Group Operations  

SciTech Connect

Climate change is already taking place, and further changes are inevitable. Developing countries, and particularly the poorest people in these countries, are most at risk. The impacts result not only from gradual changes in temperature and sea level but also, in particular, from increased climate variability and extremes, including more intense floods, droughts, and storms. These changes are already having major impacts on the economic performance of developing countries and on the lives and livelihoods of millions of poor people around the world. Climate change thus directly affects the World Bank Group's mission of eradicating poverty. It also puts at risk many projects in a wide range of sectors, including infrastructure, agriculture, human health, water resources, and environment. The risks include physical threats to the investments, potential underperformance, and the possibility that projects will indirectly contribute to rising vulnerability by, for example, triggering investment and settlement in high-risk areas. The way to address these concerns is not to separate climate change adaptation from other priorities but to integrate comprehensive climate risk management into development planning, programs, and projects. While there is a great need to heighten awareness of climate risk in Bank work, a large body of experience on climate risk management is already available, in analytical work, in country dialogues, and in a growing number of investment projects. This operational experience highlights the general ingredients for successful integration of climate risk management into the mainstream development agenda: getting the right sectoral departments and senior policy makers involved; incorporating risk management into economic planning; engaging a wide range of nongovernmental actors (businesses, nongovernmental organizations, communities, and so on); giving attention to regulatory issues; and choosing strategies that will pay off immediately under current climate conditions. There are several ways in which the World Bank Group can continue helping its clients better manage climate risks to poverty reduction and sustainable development: Integrating climate risk management into the project cycle, by adopting early risk identification (for instance by applying a quick and simple risk-screening tool) and following up throughout the design process if necessary. Integrating climate risk management into country and sector dialogues, especially in countries and sectors that are particularly vulnerable. Enhancing internal support for and coordination of climate risk management by, for example, expanding analytical work and capacity for cross-support by the Global Climate Change Team and the Hazard Management Unit of the World Bank and by actively developing climate risk management activities within regional departments. Supporting the establishment of proper financing mechanisms for adaptation, using, for example, the Investment Framework for Clean Energy and Development. New funding mechanisms created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and being made operational by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), as well as the Kyoto Protocol, should be used to leverage maximum adaptation results within the Bank's broad range of development activities and investments. By enhancing climate risk management, the World Bank Group will be able to address the growing risks from climate change and, at the same time, make current development investments more resilient to climate variability and extreme weather events. In that way, climate risk management will not only guard the Bank's investments in a changing climate but will also improve the impact of development efforts right now.

Van Aalst, M. [Global Environment Facility Program, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank Group, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-08-15

363

RISK MANAGEMENT FOR INDOOR PARTICULATE MATTER  

EPA Science Inventory

Because people spend 90% of their time indoors, exposure to particulate matter indoors is a major contributor to the risk associated with particulate matter. The risk due to indoor exposure is probably even higher for susceptible populations such as the elderly, the sick, and t...

364

Security Risk Management by Qualitative Vulnerability Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security risk assessment in the requirements phase is challenging because risk factors, such as probability and damage of attacks, are not always numerically measurable or available in the early phases of development. This makes the selection of proper security solutions problematic because mitigating impacts and side-effects of solutions are not often quantifiable. In the early development phases, analysts need to

Golnaz Elahi; Eric Yu; Nicola Zannone

2011-01-01

365

Improving risk management: from lame excuses to principled practice.  

PubMed

The three classic pillars of risk analysis are risk assessment (how big is the risk and how sure can we be?), risk management (what shall we do about it?), and risk communication (what shall we say about it, to whom, when, and how?). We propose two complements as important parts of these three bases: risk attribution (who or what addressable conditions actually caused an accident or loss?) and learning from experience about risk reduction (what works, and how well?). Failures in complex systems usually evoke blame, often with insufficient attention to root causes of failure, including some aspects of the situation, design decisions, or social norms and culture. Focusing on blame, however, can inhibit effective learning, instead eliciting excuses to deflect attention and perceived culpability. Productive understanding of what went wrong, and how to do better, thus requires moving past recrimination and excuses. This article identifies common blame-shifting "lame excuses" for poor risk management. These generally contribute little to effective improvements and may leave real risks and preventable causes unaddressed. We propose principles from risk and decision sciences and organizational design to improve results. These start with organizational leadership. More specifically, they include: deliberate testing and learning-especially from near-misses and accident precursors; careful causal analysis of accidents; risk quantification; candid expression of uncertainties about costs and benefits of risk-reduction options; optimization of tradeoffs between gathering additional information and immediate action; promotion of safety culture; and mindful allocation of people, responsibilities, and resources to reduce risks. We propose that these principles provide sound foundations for improving successful risk management. PMID:24989791

Paté-Cornell, Elisabeth; Cox, Louis Anthony

2014-07-01

366

MS ANTWERPEN: Emergency Management Training for Low-Risk Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emergency management training programs have been developed mostly for trainees from high-risk environments such as aviation or the chemical industry. This article describes a training program for staff members from low-risk environments such as hospitals or hotels, where the awareness of potential dangers is usually low and emergency plans are…

Strohschneider, Stefan; Gerdes, Jurgen

2004-01-01

367

Research on Optimization of Generation Companies' Profits Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under a market environments, there are a lot of uncertainties, such as fluctuation of power prices, shortage of fuel supply and rising of fuel prices, which make generators encounter serious profits loss risk. For stabilizing profits, it is necessary for generators to establish an efficient and optimal risk management technique mix. By adopting the real option, this paper establishes a

Nansheng Pang; Yingling Shi; Xian Ping

2008-01-01

368

Uncertainty and risk in wildland fire management: a review.  

PubMed

Wildland fire management is subject to manifold sources of uncertainty. Beyond the unpredictability of wildfire behavior, uncertainty stems from inaccurate/missing data, limited resource value measures to guide prioritization across fires and resources at risk, and an incomplete scientific understanding of ecological response to fire, of fire behavior response to treatments, and of spatiotemporal dynamics involving disturbance regimes and climate change. This work attempts to systematically align sources of uncertainty with the most appropriate decision support methodologies, in order to facilitate cost-effective, risk-based wildfire planning efforts. We review the state of wildfire risk assessment and management, with a specific focus on uncertainties challenging implementation of integrated risk assessments that consider a suite of human and ecological values. Recent advances in wildfire simulation and geospatial mapping of highly valued resources have enabled robust risk-based analyses to inform planning across a variety of scales, although improvements are needed in fire behavior and ignition occurrence models. A key remaining challenge is a better characterization of non-market resources at risk, both in terms of their response to fire and how society values those resources. Our findings echo earlier literature identifying wildfire effects analysis and value uncertainty as the primary challenges to integrated wildfire risk assessment and wildfire management. We stress the importance of identifying and characterizing uncertainties in order to better quantify and manage them. Leveraging the most appropriate decision support tools can facilitate wildfire risk assessment and ideally improve decision-making. PMID:21489684

Thompson, Matthew P; Calkin, Dave E

2011-08-01

369

An Integrative Economic Optimization Approach to Systems Development Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite significant research progress on the problem of managing systems development risk, we are yet to see this problem addressed from an economic optimization perspective. Doing so entails answering the question: What mitigations should be planned and deployed throughout the life of a systems development project in order to control risk and maximize project value? We introduce an integrative economic

Michel Benaroch; James Goldstein

2009-01-01

370

Implementation of Risk Management in the Medical Device Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at the implementation and effectiveness of risk management (RM) activities in the medical device industry. An online survey was distributed to medical device professionals who were asked to identify RM-related activities performed during the device life cycle. RM activities and techniques included Establishing Risk Acceptance Criteria, Hazard Identification, Human Factors\\/Usability, Fault Tree Analysis (FTA), Design Failure Mode

Rachelo Dumbrique

2010-01-01

371

Adaptive Patient Education Framework Featuring Personalized Cardiovascular Risk Management  

E-print Network

Adaptive Patient Education Framework Featuring Personalized Cardiovascular Risk Management Interventions Selena Davis and Syed Sibte Raza Abidi Health Informatics Laboratory, Faculty of Computer Science of cardiovascular risk. We present a web-based adaptive hypermedia system to create and deliver the personalized

Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

372

Managing Climatic Risks for Enhanced Food Security: Key Information Capabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food security is expected to face increasing challenges from climatic risks that are more and more exacerbated by climate change, especially in the developing world. This document lists some of the main capabilities that have been recently developed, especially in the area of operational agroclimatology, for an efficient use of natural resources and a better management of climatic risks. Many

R. Balaghi; M.-C. Badjeck; D. Bakari; E. De Pauw; A. De Wit; P. Defourny; S. Donato; R. Gommes; M. Jlibene; A. C. Ravelo; M. V. K. Sivakumar; N. Telahigue; B. Tychon

2010-01-01

373

Behavior-Based Safety and Occupational Risk Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The behavior-based approach to managing occupational risk and preventing workplace injuries is reviewed. Unlike the typical top-down control approach to industrial safety, behavior-based safety (BBS) provides tools and procedures workers can use to take personal control of occupational risks. Strategies the author and his colleagues have been…

Geller, E. Scott

2005-01-01

374

Risk analysis as a basis for safety management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper shows, with a practical application, how the hazard identification and evaluation phase of the Safety Management System (SMS) in a major risk installation (as defined by EC Directive CEE 96\\/82 (Seveso II) is the sizing criteria for the whole SMS, with its procedures. Probabilistic risk assessment techniques are applied to a foaming agent production plant. The links between

Micaela Demichela; Norberto Piccinini; Alfredo Romano

2004-01-01

375

Use of seismic microzoning for risk management in Quito, Ecuador  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pilot project has been implemented for Quito, Ecuador, to demonstrate the effectiveness of seismic scenarios in reducing earthquake risk in developing countries. The participants included local scientists, government officials, and foreign advisers. Seismic hazard and damage assessments were performed and the results were then used to delineate a seismic risk management program. The uniqueness of the project is the

Carlos Villacís; Brian Tucker; Hugo Yepes; Fumio Kaneko; J. L. Chatelain

1997-01-01

376

Intertemporal Risk Management in Agriculture Scott Colby1  

E-print Network

with increased sub- sidies and many new forms of insurance. The 1996 Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform as the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 mandated higher subsidy rates, the development and marketing of new1 Intertemporal Risk Management in Agriculture Scott Colby1 , Timothy Graciano1 , Jeffrey LaFrance1

Silver, Whendee

377

Electricity derivatives and risk management S.J. Denga,*  

E-print Network

Electricity derivatives and risk management S.J. Denga,* , S.S. Orenb a School of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Electricity of electricity production and distribution. Uncontrolled exposure to market price risks can lead to devastating

378

Information risk management and compliance — expect the unexpected  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out to demonstrate how establishing an effective information risk management programme is a key element in\\u000a an enterprise’s overall operational risk and governance programme. Establishing such a programme provides a golden opportunity\\u000a to rationalise and align a number of processes and disciplines into an overall effective risk and compliance programme. This\\u000a paper provides the opening steps for

M. Drew

2007-01-01

379

Research of the risk management system for large-scale mining shaft construction projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the engineering practice of the large-scale mining shaft construction projects and at owner's comprehensive risk management, we have successfully developed a practical and operational risk management system for the large mining shaft construction projects, including risk identification and risk analysis, risk assessment, risk response, risk monitoring and controlling. After that, combined theory with practice, we have analyzed indemnificatory

Wang Wenshun; Li Hualong; Li Xiaohua

2011-01-01

380

Sensor Selection and Data Validation for Reliable Integrated System Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For new access to space systems with challenging mission requirements, effective implementation of integrated system health management (ISHM) must be available early in the program to support the design of systems that are safe, reliable, highly autonomous. Early ISHM availability is also needed to promote design for affordable operations; increased knowledge of functional health provided by ISHM supports construction of more efficient operations infrastructure. Lack of early ISHM inclusion in the system design process could result in retrofitting health management systems to augment and expand operational and safety requirements; thereby increasing program cost and risk due to increased instrumentation and computational complexity. Having the right sensors generating the required data to perform condition assessment, such as fault detection and isolation, with a high degree of confidence is critical to reliable operation of ISHM. Also, the data being generated by the sensors needs to be qualified to ensure that the assessments made by the ISHM is not based on faulty data. NASA Glenn Research Center has been developing technologies for sensor selection and data validation as part of the FDDR (Fault Detection, Diagnosis, and Response) element of the Upper Stage project of the Ares 1 launch vehicle development. This presentation will provide an overview of the GRC approach to sensor selection and data quality validation and will present recent results from applications that are representative of the complexity of propulsion systems for access to space vehicles. A brief overview of the sensor selection and data quality validation approaches is provided below. The NASA GRC developed Systematic Sensor Selection Strategy (S4) is a model-based procedure for systematically and quantitatively selecting an optimal sensor suite to provide overall health assessment of a host system. S4 can be logically partitioned into three major subdivisions: the knowledge base, the down-select iteration, and the final selection analysis. The knowledge base required for productive use of S4 consists of system design information and heritage experience together with a focus on components with health implications. The sensor suite down-selection is an iterative process for identifying a group of sensors that provide good fault detection and isolation for targeted fault scenarios. In the final selection analysis, a statistical evaluation algorithm provides the final robustness test for each down-selected sensor suite. NASA GRC has developed an approach to sensor data qualification that applies empirical relationships, threshold detection techniques, and Bayesian belief theory to a network of sensors related by physics (i.e., analytical redundancy) in order to identify the failure of a given sensor within the network. This data quality validation approach extends the state-of-the-art, from red-lines and reasonableness checks that flag a sensor after it fails, to include analytical redundancy-based methods that can identify a sensor in the process of failing. The focus of this effort is on understanding the proper application of analytical redundancy-based data qualification methods for onboard use in monitoring Upper Stage sensors.

Garg, Sanjay; Melcher, Kevin J.

2008-01-01

381

Risk Management Techniques and Practice Workshop Workshop Report  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) hosted a two-day Risk Management Techniques and Practice (RMTAP) workshop held September 18-19 at the Hotel Nikko in San Francisco. The purpose of the workshop, which was sponsored by the SC/Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)/Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program, was to assess current and emerging techniques, practices, and lessons learned for effectively identifying, understanding, managing, and mitigating the risks associated with acquiring leading-edge computing systems at high-performance computing centers (HPCCs). Representatives from fifteen high-performance computing (HPC) organizations, four HPC vendor partners, and three government agencies attended the workshop. The overall workshop findings were: (1) Standard risk management techniques and tools are in the aggregate applicable to projects at HPCCs and are commonly employed by the HPC community; (2) HPC projects have characteristics that necessitate a tailoring of the standard risk management practices; (3) All HPCC acquisition projects can benefit by employing risk management, but the specific choice of risk management processes and tools is less important to the success of the project; (4) The special relationship between the HPCCs and HPC vendors must be reflected in the risk management strategy; (5) Best practices findings include developing a prioritized risk register with special attention to the top risks, establishing a practice of regular meetings and status updates with the platform partner, supporting regular and open reviews that engage the interests and expertise of a wide range of staff and stakeholders, and documenting and sharing the acquisition/build/deployment experience; and (6) Top risk categories include system scaling issues, request for proposal/contract and acceptance testing, and vendor technical or business problems. HPC, by its very nature, is an exercise in multi-level risk management. Every aspect of stewarding HPCCs into the petascale era, from identification of the program drivers to the details of procurement actions and simulation environment component deployments, represents unprecedented challenges and requires effective risk management. The fundamental purpose of this workshop was to go beyond risk management processes as such and learn how to weave effective risk management practices, techniques, and methods into all aspects of migrating HPCCs into the next generation of leadership computing systems. This workshop was a follow-on to the Petascale System Integration Workshop hosted by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)/NERSC last year. It was intended to leverage and extend the risk management experience of the participants by looking for common best practices and unique processes that have been especially successful. This workshop assessed the effectiveness of tools and techniques that are or could be helpful in HPCC risk management, with a special emphasis on how practice meets process. As the saying goes: 'In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. In practice there is'. Finally, the workshop brought together a network of experts who shared information as technology moves into the petascale era and beyond.

Quinn, T; Zosel, M

2008-12-02

382

Westinghouse Hanford Company risk management strategy for retired surplus facilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an approach that facilitates management of personnel safety and environmental release risk from retired, surplus Westinghouse Hanford Company-managed facilities during the predemolition time frame. These facilities are located in the 100 and 200 Areas of the 1,450-km{sup 2} (570-mi{sup 2}) Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The production reactors are located in the 100 Area and the chemical separation facilities are located in the 200 Area. This paper also includes a description of the risk evaluation process, shows applicable results, and includes a description of comparison costs for different risk reduction options.

Taylor, W.E.; Coles, G.A.; Shultz, M.V.; Egge, R.G.

1993-09-01

383

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Drought  

E-print Network

Drought is a fact of life on most rangelands. This publication offers tips on reducing the risks associated with drought, such as using light to moderate stocking rates, maintaining as much carryover forage as possible, knowing the costs of feeding...

Hart, Charles R.

2000-11-01

384

Risk Management Strategies for Electric Utilities  

E-print Network

The Pacific Northwest has gone through an enormously expensive lesson in both the uncertainty and risk associated with power planning. The difficult lessons we have learned may benefit other parts of the country. In the 1970s, utility planners...

Sheets, E.

385

Cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis: Balancing risk management  

PubMed Central

In this narrative review of the current literature, we examine the traditional risk factors and patient profiles leading to cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. We discuss the interrelationships between risk factors and common pathophysiological mechanisms for cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. We evaluate the increasing evidence that supports an association between these disabling conditions. We reveal that vascular health appears to have a strong effect on skeletal health, and vice versa. We highlight the importance of addressing the risk benefit of preventative interventions in both conditions. We discuss how both sexes are affected by these chronic conditions and the importance of considering the unique risk of the individual. We show that habitual physical activity is an effective primary and secondary preventative strategy for both cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. We highlight how a holistic approach to the prevention and treatment of these chronic conditions is likely warranted. PMID:18078019

Warburton, Darren ER; Nicol, Crystal Whitney; Gatto, Stephanie N; Bredin, Shannon SD

2007-01-01

386

Developing system robustness analysis for drought risk management: an application on a water supply reservoir  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Droughts will likely become more frequent, of greater magnitude and of longer duration in the future due to climate change. Already in the present climate, a variety of drought events may occur with different exceedance frequencies. These frequencies are becoming more uncertain due to climate change. Many methods in support of drought risk management focus on providing insight into changing drought frequencies, and use water supply reliability as key decision criterion. In contrast, robustness analysis focuses on providing insight into the full range of drought events and their impact on a system's functioning. This method has been developed for flood risk systems, but applications on drought risk systems are lacking. This paper aims to develop robustness analysis for drought risk systems, and illustrates the approach through a case study with a water supply reservoir and its users. We explore drought characterization and the assessment of a system's ability to deal with drought events, by quantifying the severity and socio-economic impact of a variety of drought events, both frequent and rare ones. Furthermore, we show the effect of three common drought management strategies (increasing supply, reducing demand and implementing hedging rules) on the robustness of the coupled water supply and socio-economic system. The case is inspired by Oologah Lake, a multipurpose reservoir in Oklahoma, United States. Results demonstrate that although demand reduction and supply increase may have a comparable effect on the supply reliability, demand reduction may be preferred from a robustness perspective. To prepare drought management plans for dealing with current and future droughts, it is thus recommended to test how alternative drought strategies contribute to a system's robustness rather than relying solely on water reliability as the decision criterion.

Mens, M. J. P.; Gilroy, K.; Williams, D.

2015-01-01

387

Application of Supply Chain Risk Management through visualization and value-at-risk quantification  

E-print Network

Supply Chain Risk Management ("SCRM") is often discussed in business and academia but is still underdeveloped as a practical tool. Many studies have examined the effects of supply chain disruptions, and many studies have ...

Xia, Diwei

2014-01-01

388

Dredging/dredged material management risk assessment. Technical note  

SciTech Connect

This technical note explains the use of risk assessment to facilitate dredged material management decision-making in navigable waterways by US Army Corps of Engineer (USACE) project managers and field operations personnel. The document does not promote risk assessment as a tool for use in every dredged material management decision. It is likely to be most useful, and most used, in those cases that constitute the exception rather than the rule. The use of risk assessment is intended to supplement the analytical options currently available to dredged material managers by building on the existing technical framework (US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)/USACE 1992) and the existing tiered approaches (USEPA/USACE 1991, 1998).

NONE

1998-09-01

389

Cancer Risk Management Decision Making for BRCA+ Women.  

PubMed

Women with pathogenic BRCA genetic mutations face high risks for cancer development. Estimates vary among mutation carriers, with lifetime risks ranging from 41% to 90% for breast cancer and 8% to 62% for ovarian cancer. Cancer risk management options for BRCA mutation positive (BRCA+) women have life-altering implications. This qualitative, phenomenological study explored the experience of cancer risk management decision making for women who are unaffected carriers of a BRCA mutation (previvors). Fifteen previvors recruited from Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE), an online informational and support group, were interviewed. Findings consisted of four major themes: the early previvor experience, intense emotional upheaval; the decisional journey, navigating a personal plan for survival; lack of knowledge and experience among health care providers; and support is essential. Findings highlight the different decisional perspectives of previvors based on age and individual factors and the need for increased competence among health care providers. PMID:24470135

Leonarczyk, Terri Jabaley; Mawn, Barbara E

2015-01-01

390

Risk Management in Component-based Development: A Separation of Concerns Perspective  

E-print Network

Risk Management in Component-based Development: A Separation of Concerns Perspective Awais Rashid: In this position paper we examine the various risks in component-based development. We divide the risks into six development stages. We propose a risk management mechanism based on identifying risk management techniques

391

Reliability and changes in validity of self-reported cardiovascular disease risk factors using dual response: The behavioral risk factor survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors previously studied the validity of self-reported cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors assessed by telephone surveys, and found the validity low, especially for self-reported hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. One way to improve validity is to combine repeated measurements (dual response) into a single measure. The authors explored this and the reliability of self-reported CVD data collected by the Behavioral Risk

Steven J. Bowlin; Barbara D. Morrill; Anne N. Nafziger; Carol Lewis; Thomas A. Pearson

1996-01-01

392

Risk Management and At-Risk Students: Pernicious Fantasies of Educator Omnipotence. The Cutting Edge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For tens of thousands of years human beings relied on oracles, prophets, medicine men, and resignation to try to manage unknown risks. Then, in the transformative 200-year period from the mid-17th through the mid-19th centuries, a series of brilliant insights created groundbreaking tools for rational risk taking. Discoveries such as the theory of…

Clabaugh, Gary K.

2004-01-01

393

Essays in financial economics and risk management  

E-print Network

.S., Chinese University of Hong Kong Co?Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Dennis W. Jansen Dr. Qi Li This dissertation contains three essays. Chapter II compares the performance of different Value-at-Risk (VaR) models during the Asian financial crisis. Since VaR... is widely used as a measure of risk, various methodologies have been suggested for estimating VaR. Authors including Tsay (2002) point out that different estimators can give very different results for VaR. Bao et al. (2006) look at predictive accuracy...

Zou, Lin

2009-05-15

394

Risk and Work Configuration Management as a Function of Integrated Safety Management  

SciTech Connect

National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), has established a work management program and corresponding electronic Facilities and Operations Management Information System (e-FOM) to implement Integrated Safety Management (ISM). The management of work scopes, the identification of hazards, and the establishment of implementing controls are reviewed and approved through electronic signatures. Through the execution of the program and the implementation of the electronic system, NSTec staff work within controls and utilize feedback and improvement process. The Integrated Work Control Manual further implements the five functions of ISM at the Activity level. By adding the Risk and Work Configuration Management program, NSTec establishes risk acceptance (business and physical) for liabilities within the performance direction and work management processes. Requirements, roles, and responsibilities are specifically identified in the program while e-FOM provides the interface and establishes the flowdown from the Safety Chain to work and facilities management processes to company work-related directives, and finally to Subject Matter Expert concurrence. The Program establishes, within the defined management structure, management levels for risk identification, risk mitigation (controls), and risk acceptance (business and physical) within the Safety Chain of Responsibility. The Program also implements Integrated Safeguards and Security Management within the NSTec Safety Chain of Responsibility. Once all information has been entered into e-FOM, approved, and captured as data, the information becomes searchable and sortable by hazard, location, organization, mitigating controls, etc.

Lana Buehrer, Michele Kelly, Fran Lemieux, Fred Williams

2007-11-30

395

Risk Management in Product Design: Current State, Conceptual Model and Future Research  

E-print Network

Risk management is an important element of product design. It helps to minimize the project- and product-related risks such as project budget and schedule overrun, or missing product cost and quality targets. Risk management ...

Oehmen, Josef

396

Reliability and Validity Analysis of the "Stay Well and Healthy!" Health Risk Appraisal for Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The "Stay Well and Healthy!" Health Risk Appraisal (SWH-HRA) tool was developed and piloted in an in-home preventive healthcare program for persons ageing with intellectual and developmental disabilities (Aronow & Hahn 2005; Hahn & Aronow 2005). This paper presents the results of reliability and validity assessment of the SWH-HRA tool…

Earle Hahn, Joan; Aronow, Harriet Udin

2011-01-01

397

Initial Evidence for the Reliability and Validity of the Student Risk Screening Scale with Elementary Age English Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report findings of a validation study exploring the Student Risk Screening Scale (SRSS; Drummond, 1994) for use with English learners (ELs) attending a large suburban elementary school. First, we explored the reliability of the SRSS by examining internal consistency, with results indicating adequate internal consistency (0.83). Second, we…

Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Richards-Tutor, Catherine; Oakes, Wendy Peia; Connor, Kristin

2014-01-01

398

Assessing and Managing Violence Risk in Juveniles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highly practical and accessible, this is an indispensable resource for any mental health practitioner working with adolescents at risk for violent behavior. Presented is a comprehensive framework for evaluating justice-involved youth or those whose behavior in school, therapy sessions, or other contexts raises concern about violence. Detailed case…

Borum, Randy; Verhaagen, David

2006-01-01

399

Managing the business risks of open innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article considers the business risks associated with open innovation. When technology firm International Business Machines (IBM) refused to enforce patents that were violated by the Linux open-source operating system, it helped create an alliance of firms with a vested interest in defending open-source software from legal attack. Similarly, whether other industries give rise to spheres in which competition takes

Oliver Alexy; Markus Reitzig

2012-01-01

400

Occupational Risk Management of Engineered Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The earliest and most extensive societal exposures to engineered nanoparticles are likely to occur in the workplace. Until toxicologic and health effects research moves forward to characterize more broadly the potential hazards of nanoparticles and to provide a scientific basis for appropriate control of nanomaterials in the workplace, current and future workers may be at risk from occupational exposures. This

Paul Schulte; Charles Geraci; Ralph Zumwalde; Mark Hoover; Eileen Kuempel

2008-01-01

401

Lessons learned in risk management on NCSX  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) was designed to test physics principles of an innovative stellarator design developed by the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Construction of some of the major components and sub-assemblies was completed, but the estimated cost and schedule for completing the project grew as the technical requirements and risks became better understood,

G. H. Neilson; C. O. Gruber; J. H. Harris; D. J. Rej; R. T. Simmons; R. L. Strykowsky

2009-01-01

402

Lessons Learned in Risk Management on NCSX  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) was designed to test physics principles of an innovative stellarator design developed by Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Construction of some of the major components and subassemblies was completed, but the estimated cost and schedule for completing the project grew as the technical requirements and risks became better understood, leading

G. H. Neilson; C. O. Gruber; Jeffrey H Harris; D. J. Rej; R. T. Simmons; R. L. Strykowsky

2010-01-01

403

Risk assessment and risk management of nanomaterials in the workplace: translating research to practice.  

PubMed

In the last decade since the rise in occupational safety and health (OSH) research focusing on nanomaterials, some progress has been made in generating the health effects and exposure data needed to perform risk assessment and develop risk management guidance. Yet, substantial research gaps remain, as do challenges in the translation of these research findings to OSH guidance and workplace practice. Risk assessment is a process that integrates the hazard, exposure, and dose-response data to characterize risk in a population (e.g. workers), in order to provide health information needed for risk management decision-making. Thus, the research priorities for risk assessment are those studies that will reduce the uncertainty in the key factors that influence the estimates. Current knowledge of OSH in nanotechnology includes the following: (i) nanomaterials can be measured using standard measurement methods (respirable mass or number concentration), (ii) workplace exposures to nanomaterials can be reduced using engineering controls and personal protective equipment, and (iii) current toxicity testing and risk assessment methods are applicable to nanomaterials. Yet, to ensure protection of workers' health, research is still needed to develop (i) sensitive and quantitative measures of workers' exposure to nanomaterials, (ii) validation methods for exposure controls, and (iii) standardized criteria to categorize hazard data, including better prediction of chronic effects. This article provides a state-of-the-art overview on translating current hazard research data and risk assessment methods for nanomaterials to the development and implementation of effective risk management guidance. PMID:22752094

Kuempel, Eileen D; Geraci, Charles L; Schulte, Paul A

2012-07-01

404

The role of organization and culture in risk management  

SciTech Connect

Technology-based organizations recognize that risk is an inherent element of their business. The challenge for managers is to determine an approach to risk that balances operational requirements with safety policies and regulations. The consequences of a safety approach that is not rigorous enough can be serious. Yet, attempting to achieve a totally risk-free operation literally can preclude much of the risk-taking that must characterize high-technology programs. Achieving true balance between performance and safety means first determining the level of risk that is acceptable to your organization. One of the first steps is to understand how the organizational structure and culture influence risk decisions. Organizational structure defines the manner in which the work force will participate in the risk decision-making process and whether they will have the necessary resources to estimate risk effectively. While numerous analysis techniques are available to predict and evaluate technical risks, it's more difficult to gauge the intangible impact of culture. Culture refers to the prevailing safety attitudes in the workplace and the methods used to evaluate risk. For this discussion, risk refers to safety and mission success. Application can be made to the nuclear industry.

Rodney, G.A. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01

405

Cardiac PET perfusion: prognosis, risk stratification, and clinical management.  

PubMed

Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with PET has expanded significantly over the past decade. With the wider availability of PET scanners and the routine use of quantitative blood flow imaging, the clinical use of PET MPI is expected to increase further. PET MPI is a powerful tool to identify risk, to quantify risk, and to guide therapy in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. A large body of evidence supports the prognostic value of PET MPI and ejection fraction in intermediate- to high-risk subjects, in women, in obese individuals, and in post-coronary artery bypass grafting individuals. A normal perfusion study indicates low risk (<1% annualized rate of cardiac events of cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction), while an abnormal study indicates high risk. With accurate risk stratification, high-quality images, and quantitation, PET MPI may transform the management of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. PMID:25234079

Dorbala, Sharmila; Di Carli, Marcelo F

2014-09-01

406

Social capacities for drought risk management in Switzerland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper analyses the social capacities for drought risk management from the perspective of national and regional water users and policy- and decision-makers in Switzerland. The analysis follows five dimensions of social capacities as prerequisites for drought risk management. Regarding information and knowledge (1), basic data is available, however not assembled for an integrated drought information system. As for technology and infrastructure (2), limited proactive capacities are available with the exception of a few of the drought-prone regions; in emergency response to drought however, provisional capacities are put together. Regarding organisation and management (3) most regions have enough personnel and effective cooperation in the case of acute and sporadic drought; long-term strategies though are largely missing. Economic resources (4) are sufficient if droughts remain rare. Finally, institutions and policies (5) are not sufficient for proactive drought risk management, but have been suitable in the drought of 2003. Starting points for building social capacities are first, to draw on the extensive experiences with the management of other natural hazards, second to build an integrated drought information system, including social and economic impacts, and third to improve the institutional framework through consistent regulations and coordination for proactive drought risk management.

Kruse, S.; Seidl, I.

2013-12-01

407

12 CFR 652.15 - Interest rate risk management and requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...interest rate risk management; (2) Identify...Mac's desired risk management objectives; (5) Document the objectives that...Mac to evaluate and document, at least quarterly...Farmer Mac's management must report to...

2010-01-01

408

Risk Management of Jettisoned Objects in LEO  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The construction and maintenance of the International Space Station (ISS) has led to the release of many objects into its orbital plane, usually during the course of an extra-vehicular activity (EVA). Such releases are often unintentional, but in a growing number of cases, the jettison has been intentional, conducted after a careful assessment of the net risk to the partnership and to other objects in space. Since its launch in 1998 the ISS has contributed on average at least one additional debris object that is simultaneously in orbit with the station, although the number varies widely from zero to eight at any one moment. All of these objects present potential risks to other objects in orbit. Whether it comes from known and tracked orbiting objects or from unknown or untrackable objects, collision with orbital debris can have disastrous consequences. Objects greater than 10cm are generally well documented and tracked, allowing orbiting spacecraft or satellites opportunities to perform evasive maneuvers (commonly known as Debris Avoidance Maneuvers, or DAMs) in the event that imminent collision is predicted. The issue with smaller debris; however, is that it is too numerous to be tracked effectively and yet still poses disastrous consequences if it intercepts a larger object. Due to the immense kinetic energy of any item in orbit, collision with debris as small as 1cm can have catastrophic consequences for many orbiting satellites or spacecraft. Faced with the growing orbital debris threat and the potentially catastrophic consequences of a collision-generated debris shower originating in an orbit crossing the ISS altitude band, in 2007 the ISS program manger asked program specialists to coordinate a multilateral jettison policy amongst the ISS partners. This policy would define the acceptable risk trade rationale for intentional release of a debris object, and other mandatory constraints on such jettisons to minimize the residual risks whenever a jettison was accepted. Although ISS-related debris often presents untenable risks to the EVA crew, IVA crew, or to a departing cargo vehicle for a controlled disposal, such released objects also present a ballistic nuisance to the visiting vehicle traffic, and a potential fragmentation threat to the hundreds of other functional and debris objects whose perigees lie below the ISS orbital altitude. Thus, every such jettison decision is a conscious risk trade.

Bacon, John B.; Gray, Charles

2011-01-01

409

A new approach for dynamic reliability and power management of Integrated Systems, such as Systems on Chips (SoCs) and Networks  

E-print Network

1 Abstract A new approach for dynamic reliability and power management of Integrated Systems, system configuration and power management policies. We show that the overall system reliability is strongly affected by reliability network topology and power management policy. I. INTRODUCTION uture

De Micheli, Giovanni

410

An overview of the evolution of human reliability analysis in the context of probabilistic risk assessment.  

SciTech Connect

Since the Reactor Safety Study in the early 1970's, human reliability analysis (HRA) has been evolving towards a better ability to account for the factors and conditions that can lead humans to take unsafe actions and thereby provide better estimates of the likelihood of human error for probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs). The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of recent reviews of operational events and advances in the behavioral sciences that have impacted the evolution of HRA methods and contributed to improvements. The paper discusses the importance of human errors in complex human-technical systems, examines why humans contribute to accidents and unsafe conditions, and discusses how lessons learned over the years have changed the perspective and approach for modeling human behavior in PRAs of complicated domains such as nuclear power plants. It is argued that it has become increasingly more important to understand and model the more cognitive aspects of human performance and to address the broader range of factors that have been shown to influence human performance in complex domains. The paper concludes by addressing the current ability of HRA to adequately predict human failure events and their likelihood.

Bley, Dennis C. (Buttonwood Consulting Inc., Oakton, VA); Lois, Erasmia (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Kolaczkowski, Alan M. (Science Applications International Corporation, Eugene, OR); Forester, John Alan; Wreathall, John (John Wreathall and Co., Dublin, OH); Cooper, Susan E. (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC)

2009-01-01

411

78 FR 38311 - Reliability Technical Conference Agenda  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Protection Agency 5. Melanie M. Frye, Vice President, Operations and Planning, Western Electric Coordinating Council 6. Michael Moon, Senior Director of Reliability Risk Management, NERC 4:30 p.m. Commissioner Closing Remarks [FR Doc. 2013-15185...

2013-06-26

412

Developing a Valid and Reliable Instrument to Predict the Protective Sexual Behaviors in Women at Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus  

PubMed Central

Background: One much needed tool to assist with the monitoring and evaluation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention programs is to provide a valid instrument to measure protective sexual behavior and related factors. Objectives: The current study aimed to design a valid and reliable instrument to predict the protective sexual behaviors of women at risk of HIV in Iran. Patients and Methods: The current study was a sequential mixed cross-sectional and methodological research. Initially, via a qualitative research, constructs and factors associated with sexual protective behavior of women at risk were identified through 25 in-depth interviews. The questionnaire on predictors of protective sexual behaviors in women at risk of HIV (PSPB) was designed based on a qualitative study, and then its qualitative validity, content, and construct validity were evaluated. Exploratory factor analysis was performed and 200 women at risk participated. Results: Seven concepts emerged after exploratory factor analysis of the 48 items. The content validity ratio (CVR) of the questionnaire constructs were 0.55 to 0.76, and content validity index (CVI) structure was 0.86 to 0.95. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the entire questionnaire was 0.78, and correlation coefficient of the test-retest reliability for the constructs was from 0.73 to 0.89. Conclusions: The current study proved the capability of the predictors of sexual protective behavior in women at risk for HIV questionnaire as a valid and reliable instrument for the Iranian community.

Lotfi, Razieh; Ramezani Tehrani, Fahimeh; Yaghmaei, Farideh; Hajizadeh, Ebrahim

2014-01-01

413

Safety & Risk Management Montana State University  

E-print Network

: Department: Bldg & Room Location: Phone: Issues Assessed: Recommended Changes: Approved Reimbursement Funding, 62210/minor tools will be used) Note: If multiple employees from one department were evaluated: srmergonomics@montana.edu or (406) 994-1675 Alternate Contact: Occupational Health Manager lbachar

Dyer, Bill

414

Air Quality Risk Assessment and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides (1) a synthesis of the literature on the linkages between air pollution and human health, (2) an overview of quality management approaches in Canada, the United States, and the European Union (EU), and (3) future directions for air quality research. Numerous studies examining short-term effects of air pollution show significant associations between ambient levels of particulate matter

Yue Chen; Lorraine Craig; Daniel Krewski

2008-01-01

415

Management of patients with risk factors  

PubMed Central

This review addresses concomitant diseases and risk factors in patients treated for diseases of the ears, nose and throat in outpatient and hospital services. Besides heart disease, lung disease, liver disease and kidney disease, this article also covers disorders of coagulation (including therapy with new oral anticoagulants) and electrolyte imbalance. Special attention is paid to the prophylaxis, diagnosis and treatment of perioperative delirium. It is also intended to help optimise the preparation for surgical procedures and pharmacotherapy during the hospital stay. PMID:24403970

Waldfahrer, Frank

2013-01-01

416

Managing Risk in a Dynamic World Economy  

E-print Network

.S. pro- ducers, but created additional import competition for others. The 1996 farm bill removed the government safety net for some crops, leading to more downside price risk. Economic and political turmoil occurred in the former USSR. China emerged as a... to events and actions which occur beyond our own borders. Congress recently approved two important trade agreements, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Uruguay Round Agreements (URA) nego- tiated under the auspices of the General...

Harris, Harold M.; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Rosson, C. Parr

1999-06-23

417

Risk management in clinical practice. Part 11. Oral surgery.  

PubMed

Oral surgery is often an unpleasant experience for a patient and if managed inadequately can be a cause for complaint or a claim in negligence. A practitioner can reduce their risk of complaints, claims or even regulatory body investigations by following some straightforward risk management strategies. Effective communication skills deployed throughout the interaction with the patient, especially during the consent process, are a pre-requisite, as is a proper understanding of the law on consent. An honest reflection by the practitioner on their competence to carry out a procedure, considering their skills, the equipment and support available will result in fewer medico-legal cases. In this article, each stage of the patient's journey is discussed and risk management advice offered for a range of procedures that are regularly encountered in general dental practice. PMID:21217722

Henderson, S J

2011-01-01

418

Managing corporate governance risks in a nonprofit health care organization.  

PubMed

Triggered by corporate scandals, there is increased oversight by governmental bodies and in part by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Corporations are developing corporate governance compliance initiatives to respond to the scrutiny of regulators, legislators, the general public and constituency groups such as investors. Due to state attorney general initiatives, new legislation and heightened oversight from the Internal Revenue Service, nonprofit entities are starting to share the media spotlight with their for-profit counterparts. These developments are changing nonprofit health care organizations as well as the traditional role of the risk manager. No longer is the risk manager focused solely on patients' welfare and safe passage through a complex delivery system. The risk manager must be aware of corporate practices within the organization that could allow the personal objectives of a few individuals to override the greater good of the community in which the nonprofit organization serves. PMID:20200865

Troyer, Glenn T; Brashear, Andrea D; Green, Kelly J

2005-01-01

419

Quantitative Security Risk Assessment and Management for Railway Transportation Infrastructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists have been long investigating procedures, models and tools for the risk analysis in several domains, from economics to computer networks. This paper presents a quantitative method and a tool for the security risk assessment and management specifically tailored to the context of railway transportation systems, which are exposed to threats ranging from vandalism to terrorism. The method is based on a reference mathematical model and it is supported by a specifically developed tool. The tool allows for the management of data, including attributes of attack scenarios and effectiveness of protection mechanisms, and the computation of results, including risk and cost/benefit indices. The main focus is on the design of physical protection systems, but the analysis can be extended to logical threats as well. The cost/benefit analysis allows for the evaluation of the return on investment, which is a nowadays important issue to be addressed by risk analysts.

Flammini, Francesco; Gaglione, Andrea; Mazzocca, Nicola; Pragliola, Concetta

420

Human health and safety risks management in underground coal mines using fuzzy TOPSIS.  

PubMed

The scrutiny of health and safety of personnel working in underground coal mines is heightened because of fatalities and disasters that occur every year worldwide. A methodology based on fuzzy TOPSIS was proposed to assess the risks associated with human health in order to manage control measures and support decision-making, which could provide the right balance between different concerns, such as safety and costs. For this purpose, information collected from three hazardous coal mines namely Hashouni, Hojedk and Babnizu located at the Kerman coal deposit, Iran, were used to manage the risks affecting the health and safety of their miners. Altogether 86 hazards were identified and classified under eight categories: geomechanical, geochemical, electrical, mechanical, chemical, environmental, personal, and social, cultural and managerial risks. Overcoming the uncertainty of qualitative data, the ranking process is accomplished by fuzzy TOPSIS. After running the model, twelve groups with different risks were obtained. Located in the first group, the most important risks with the highest negative effects are: materials falling, catastrophic failure, instability of coalface and immediate roof, firedamp explosion, gas emission, misfire, stopping of ventilation system, wagon separation at inclines, asphyxiation, inadequate training and poor site management system. According to the results, the proposed methodology can be a reliable technique for management of the minatory hazards and coping with uncertainties affecting the health and safety of miners when performance ratings are imprecise. The proposed model can be primarily designed to identify potential hazards and help in taking appropriate measures to minimize or remove the risks before accidents can occur. PMID:24815558

Mahdevari, Satar; Shahriar, Kourosh; Esfahanipour, Akbar

2014-08-01

421

Use of climate information for drought risk management in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of meteorological droughts in Mexico has brought to light the large vulnerability of the central-northern part of the country to water shortages. This region is facing current and future water shortages due to the increased demand of water from urban growth in addition to droughts. Assessing droughts requires considering long-term losses and side effects. However, governments generally invest little resources in the creation of drought risk reduction programs, even in regions where droughts have been documented in historical records, such as in the northern region of Mexico. It is not clear until now, what is our capacity to predict droughts on seasonal time scale, and even the Drought Monitor for North America not always reflect the severity of the condition at the regional level. An analysis of strategies that focus on droughts show that one of the principal limits in the management of drought risks and preventive decision making is the use of inadequate definitions of drought predictability. In addition, the means to communicate confidence in seasonal climate forecasts has inhibited the use of climate information in the planning of various socioeconomic activities. Although some sectors such as agriculture have programs to reduce the impacts of drought, their efforts have focused in providing subsidies to get along with dry conditions. In other words, there are no actions to reduce the potential impacts of drought. The characterization of the vulnerability of water user groups, particularly in Sonora as case of study, has been useful to identifying what type of climate information decision makers needed. This information will be included in a proposal of a drought early warming for Mexico. A key element in a drought early warming for Mexico is the development of reliable climate information and the use of indicators to determine of the onset, maximum intensity and duration of the event. The occurrence and severity of drought may be estimated using climate diagnosis and forecast. A preventive response to drought may be defined if the severity and duration surpass a threshold value after which a decision action should be made. In order to establish the relevance of indicators for drought risk management, retroactive analyses have been developed considering Sonora case. The potential impact of such system is examined considering a number of actions that may be implemented in the water, agricultural and cattle ranching sectors. We conclude that there are great opportunities to reduce the negative impacts of drought if climate information is used. This proposal is part of a project to go from a response to the disaster practice to a prevention policy with the Mexican government and stakeholders. An early warning to face drought may alleviate the difficulties for several sectors in the semiarid regions of Mexico and prepare various socioeconomic sectors to face the potential impacts of climate change.

Neri, C.; Magańa Rueda, V.

2013-05-01

422

Applications of Capstone Depleted Uranium Aerosol Risk Data to Military Combat Risk Management  

SciTech Connect

Risks to personnel engaged in military operations include not only the threat of enemy firepower but also risks from exposure to other hazards such as radiation. Combatant commanders of the U. S. Army carefully weigh risks of casualties before implementing battlefield actions using an established paradigm that take these risks into consideration. As a result of the inclusion of depleted uranium (DU) anti-armor ammunition in the conventional (non-nuclear) weapons arsenal, the potential for exposure to DU aerosols and its associated chemical and radiological effects becomes an element of the commanders’ risk assessment. The Capstone DU Aerosol Study measured the range of likely DU oxide aerosol concentrations created inside a combat vehicle perforated with a DU munition, and the Capstone Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) estimated the associated doses and calculated risks. This paper focuses on the development of a scientific approach to adapt the risks from DU’s non uniform dose distribution within the body using the current U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) radiation risk management approach. The approach developed equates the Radiation Exposure Status (RES) categories to the estimated radiological risks of DU and makes use of the Capstone-developed Renal Effects Group (REG) as a measure of chemical risk from DU intake. Recommendations are provided for modifying Army guidance and policy in order to better encompass the potential risks from DU aerosol inhalation during military operations.

Daxon, Eric G.; Parkhurst, MaryAnn; Melanson, Mark A.; Roszell, Laurie E.

2009-03-01

423

Applications of Capstone depleted uranium aerosol risk data to military combat risk management.  

PubMed

Risks to personnel engaged in military operations include not only the threat of enemy firepower but also risks from exposure to other hazards such as radiation. Combatant commanders of the U.S. Army carefully weigh risks of casualties before implementing battlefield actions using an established paradigm that takes these risks into consideration. As a result of the inclusion of depleted uranium (DU) anti-armor ammunition in the conventional (non-nuclear) weapons arsenal, the potential for exposure to DU aerosols and its associated chemical and radiological effects becomes an element of the commanders' risk assessment. The Capstone DU Aerosol Study measured the range of likely DU oxide aerosol concentrations created inside a combat vehicle perforated with a DU munition, and the Capstone Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) estimated the associated doses and calculated risks. This paper focuses on the development of a scientific approach to adapt the risks from DU's non-uniform dose distribution within the body using the current U.S. Department of Defense radiation risk management approach. The approach developed equates the Radiation Exposure Status categories to the estimated radiological risks of DU and makes use of the Capstone-developed Renal Effects Group as a measure of chemical risk from DU intake. Recommendations are provided for modifying Army guidance and policy in order to better encompass the potential risks from DU aerosol inhalation during military operations. PMID:19204493

Daxon, Eric G; Parkhurst, Mary Ann; Melanson, Mark A; Roszell, Laurie E

2009-03-01

424

Risk management framework for pharmaceutical research and development projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify best practices from high-technology industries that face many of the same challenges around uncertainty, complexity, and risk that are faced by the pharmaceutical industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research has conducted an extensive review of risk management literature and research conducted in high-technology industries to collect some of the key best

Young Hoon Kwak; Colleen K. Dixon

2008-01-01

425

Behavior-Based Safety and Occupational Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavior-based approach to managing occupational risk and preventing workplace injuries is reviewed. Unlike the typical top-down control approach to industrial safety, behavior-based safety (BBS) provides tools and procedures workers can use to take personal control of occupational risks. Strategies the author and his colleagues have been using for more than a decade to teach BBS to safety leaders and

E. Scott Geller

2005-01-01

426

LAI Paper Series: “Lean Product Development for Practitioners”: Risk Management in Lean PD  

E-print Network

The two core challenges of risk management are finding the optimum balance a) between the cost of carrying risks vs. the cost of mitigating risks and b) between a risk that is taken with a certain development project and ...

Oehmen, Josef

2010-03-31

427

Hypertension Management in the High Cardiovascular Risk Population  

PubMed Central

The incidence of hypertension is increasing every year. Blood pressure (BP) control is an important therapeutic goal for the slowing of progression as well as for the prevention of Cardiovascular disease. The management of hypertension in the high cardiovascular risk population remains a real challenge as the population continues to age, the incidence of diabetes increases, and more and more people survive acute myocardial infarction. We will review hypertension management in the high cardiovascular risk population: patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart failure (HF) as well as in diabetic patients. PMID:23476746

Maraj, Ilir; Makaryus, John N.; Ashkar, Anthony; McFarlane, Samy I.; Makaryus, Amgad N.

2013-01-01

428

Risk Evaluation of Business Continuity Management by Using Green Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IT disasters can be seen as the test of the ability in communities and firms to effectively protect their information and infrastructure, to reduce both human and property loss, and to rapidly recover. In this paper, we use a literature meta-analysis method to identify potential research directions in Green Business Continuity Management (GBCM). The concept and characteristics of GBCM are discussed. We analysis the connotation and the sources of green technology risk. An assessment index system is established from the perspectives of GBCM. A fuzzy comprehensive assessment method is introduced to assess the risks of green technology in Business Continuity Management.

Gang, Chen

429

Diagnosis and Management of High Risk Group for Gastric Cancer  

PubMed Central

Gastric cancer is associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. To reduce the socioeconomic burden related to gastric cancer, it is very important to identify and manage high risk group for gastric cancer. In this review, we describe the general risk factors for gastric cancer and define high risk group for gastric cancer. We discuss strategies for the effective management of patients for the prevention and early detection of gastric cancer. Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are the most significant risk factors for gastric cancer. Therefore, the accurate selection of individuals with AG and IM may be a key strategy for the prevention and/or early detection of gastric cancer. Although endoscopic evaluation using enhanced technologies such as narrow band imaging-magnification, the serum pepsinogen test, Helicobacter pylori serology, and trefoil factor 3 have been evaluated, a gold standard method to accurately select individuals with AG and IM has not emerged. In terms of managing patients at high risk of gastric cancer, it remains uncertain whether H. pylori eradication reverses and/or prevents the progression of AG and IM. Although endoscopic surveillance in high risk patients is expected to be beneficial, further prospective studies in large populations are needed to determine the optimal surveillance interval. PMID:25547086

Yoon, Hyuk; Kim, Nayoung

2015-01-01

430

Diagnosis and management of high risk group for gastric cancer.  

PubMed

Gastric cancer is associated with high morbidity and mortal-ity worldwide. To reduce the socioeconomic burden related to gastric cancer, it is very important to identify and manage high risk group for gastric cancer. In this review, we describe the general risk factors for gastric cancer and define high risk group for gastric cancer. We discuss strategies for the effective management of patients for the prevention and early detection of gastric cancer. Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are the most significant risk fac-tors for gastric cancer. Therefore, the accurate selection of individuals with AG and IM may be a key strategy for the prevention and/or early detection of gastric cancer. Although endoscopic evaluation using enhanced technologies such as narrow band imaging-magnification, the serum pepsinogen test, Helicobacter pylori serology, and trefoil factor 3 have been evaluated, a gold standard method to accurately select individuals with AG and IM has not emerged. In terms of managing patients at high risk of gastric cancer, it remains uncertain whether H. pylori eradication reverses and/or prevents the progression of AG and IM. Although endoscopic surveillance in high risk patients is expected to be beneficial, further prospective studies in large populations are needed to determine the optimal surveillance interval. (Gut Liver 2015;9:5-17). PMID:25547086

Yoon, Hyuk; Kim, Nayoung

2015-01-15

431

Gestational diabetes: risks, management, and treatment options  

PubMed Central

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is commonly defined as glucose intolerance first recognized during pregnancy. Diagnostic criteria for GDM have changed over the decades, and several definitions are currently used; recent recommendations may increase the prevalence of GDM to as high as one of five pregnancies. Perinatal complications associated with GDM include hypertensive disorders, preterm delivery, shoulder dystocia, stillbirths, clinical neonatal hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and cesarean deliveries. Postpartum complications include obesity and impaired glucose tolerance in the offspring and diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the mothers. Management strategies increasingly emphasize optimal management of fetal growth and weight. Monitoring of glucose, fetal stress, and fetal weight through ultrasound combined with maternal weight management, medical nutritional therapy, physical activity, and pharmacotherapy can decrease comorbidities associated with GDM. Consensus is lacking on ideal glucose targets, degree of caloric restriction and content, algorithms for pharmacotherapy, and in particular, the use of oral medications and insulin analogs in lieu of human insulin. Postpartum glucose screening and initiation of healthy lifestyle behaviors, including exercise, adequate fruit and vegetable intake, breastfeeding, and contraception, are encouraged to decrease rates of future glucose intolerance in mothers and offspring. PMID:21151681

Kim, Catherine

2010-01-01

432

Reliability Centered Maintenance for Savannah River Site's interim waste management facilities  

SciTech Connect

The application of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) has been shown to be an effective means to optimize maintenance programs or to establish new programs. The key to success of any RCM program is to customize the methodology to meet the specific needs of the implementing organization. This paper discusses how RCM is being used to establish the preventive maintenance program and how the resulting system data is being used to support the Technical Baseline reconstitution effort for the interim Waste Management Division of Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC).

Hauer, K.A. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)); Wilson, J.F. (PRC, Inc. (US))

1992-01-01

433

Reliability Centered Maintenance for Savannah River Site`s interim waste management facilities. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The application of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) has been shown to be an effective means to optimize maintenance programs or to establish new programs. The key to success of any RCM program is to customize the methodology to meet the specific needs of the implementing organization. This paper discusses how RCM is being used to establish the preventive maintenance program and how the resulting system data is being used to support the Technical Baseline reconstitution effort for the interim Waste Management Division of Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC).

Hauer, K.A. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Wilson, J.F. [PRC, Inc. (US)

1992-06-01

434

Structural risk management of buildings during erection  

E-print Network

Failure Probability of the Evolving Structural Frame 4. 4 Incident Losses from Construction 4. 5 Risk Computation 4. 6 Discussion of Results ~R V SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 5. 1 Summary 5. 2 Findings 5. 3 Areas of Future Study REFERENCES APPENDIX A... APPENDIX REFERENCES APPENDIX G LIST OF SYMBOLS VITA 24 25 30 30 30 35 38 54 54 55 56 62 65 69 71 75 86 87 89 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 2. 1 Damage Probability Matrix 3. 1 Target Failure Probabilities for Structures Designed...

Sikorsky, Charles Steven

1985-01-01

435

Passive sampling methods for contaminated sediments: Risk assessment and management  

PubMed Central

This paper details how activity-based passive sampling methods (PSMs), which provide information on bioavailability in terms of freely dissolved contaminant concentrations (Cfree), can be used to better inform risk management decision making at multiple points in the process of assessing and managing contaminated sediment sites. PSMs can increase certainty in site investigation and management, because Cfree is a better predictor of bioavailability than total bulk sediment concentration (Ctotal) for 4 key endpoints included in conceptual site models (benthic organism toxicity, bioaccumulation, sediment flux, and water column exposures). The use of passive sampling devices (PSDs) presents challenges with respect to representative sampling for estimating average concentrations and other metrics relevant for exposure and risk assessment. These challenges can be addressed by designing studies that account for sources of variation associated with PSMs and considering appropriate spatial scales to meet study objectives. Possible applications of PSMs include: quantifying spatial and temporal trends in bioavailable contaminants, identifying and evaluating contaminant source contributions, calibrating site-specific models, and, improving weight-of-evidence based decision frameworks. PSM data can be used to assist in delineating sediment management zones based on likelihood of exposure effects, monitor remedy effectiveness, and, evaluate risk reduction after sediment treatment, disposal, or beneficial reuse after management actions. Examples are provided illustrating why PSMs and freely dissolved contaminant concentrations (Cfree) should be incorporated into contaminated sediment investigations and study designs to better focus on and understand contaminant bioavailability, more accurately estimate exposure to sediment-associated contaminants, and better inform risk management decisions. Research and communication needs for encouraging broader use are discussed. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2014;10:224–236. © 2014 The Authors. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of SETAC. PMID:24343931

Greenberg, Marc S; Chapman, Peter M; Allan, Ian J; Anderson, Kim A; Apitz, Sabine E; Beegan, Chris; Bridges, Todd S; Brown, Steve S; Cargill, John G; McCulloch, Megan C; Menzie, Charles A; Shine, James P; Parkerton, Thomas F

2014-01-01

436

Information security management standards: Compliance, governance and risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing information security as opposed to the IT security is an area that is now eventually coming of age. For many years the focus has been mainly on IT security and with the implementation of such security left to the IT department and technical experts. Early in the 90s things started to change with the first draft of an information

Edward Humphreys

2008-01-01

437

CONSIDERATIONS IN RISK COMMUNICATION: A DIGEST OF RISK COMMUNICATION AS A RISK MANAGEMENT TOOL  

EPA Science Inventory

Risk communication is the process of informing people about hazards. Like all communication, communicating risk is a two-way exchange in which you inform the target community about possible hazards, but also gather information about those affected by the risk. The purpose of risk...

438

Risk-based principles for defining and managing water security  

PubMed Central

The concept of water security implies concern about potentially harmful states of coupled human and natural water systems. Those harmful states may be associated with water scarcity (for humans and/or the environment), floods or harmful water quality. The theories and practices of risk analysis and risk management have been developed and elaborated to deal with the uncertain occurrence of harmful events. Yet despite their widespread application in public policy, theories and practices of risk management have well-known limitations, particularly in the context of severe uncertainties and contested values. Here, we seek to explore the boundaries of applicability of risk-based principles as a means of formalizing discussion of water security. Not only do risk concepts have normative appeal, but they also provide an explicit means of addressing the variability that is intrinsic to hydrological, ecological and socio-economic systems. We illustrate the nature of these interconnections with a simulation study, which demonstrates how water resources planning could take more explicit account of epistemic uncertainties, tolerability of risk and the trade-offs in risk among different actors. PMID:24080616

Hall, Jim; Borgomeo, Edoardo

2013-01-01

439

Rational risk-based decision support for drinking water well managers by optimized monitoring designs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advection-based well-head protection zones are commonly used to manage the contamination risk of drinking water wells. Considering the insufficient knowledge about hazards and transport properties within the catchment, current Water Safety Plans recommend that catchment managers and stakeholders know, control and monitor all possible hazards within the catchments and perform rational risk-based decisions. Our goal is to supply catchment managers with the required probabilistic risk information, and to generate tools that allow for optimal and rational allocation of resources between improved monitoring versus extended safety margins and risk mitigation measures. To support risk managers with the indispensable information, we address the epistemic uncertainty of advective-dispersive solute transport and well vulnerability (Enzenhoefer et al., 2011) within a stochastic simulation framework. Our framework can separate between uncertainty of contaminant location and actual dilution of peak concentrations by resolving heterogeneity with high-resolution Monte-Carlo simulation. To keep computational costs low, we solve the reverse temporal moment transport equation. Only in post-processing, we recover the time-dependent solute breakthrough curves and the deduced well vulnerability criteria from temporal moments by non-linear optimization. Our first step towards optimal risk management is optimal positioning of sampling locations and optimal choice of data types to reduce best the epistemic prediction uncertainty for well-head delineation, using the cross-bred Likelihood Uncertainty Estimator (CLUE, Leube et al., 2011) for optimal sampling design. Better monitoring leads to more reliable and realistic protection zones and thus helps catchment managers to better justify smaller, yet conservative safety margins. In order to allow an optimal choice in sampling strategies, we compare the trade-off in monitoring versus the delineation costs by accounting for ill-delineated fractions of protection zones. Within an illustrative simplified 2D synthetic test case, we demonstrate our concept, involving synthetic transmissivity and head measurements for conditioning. We demonstrate the worth of optimally collected data in the context of protection zone delineation by assessing the reduced areal demand of delineated area at user-specified risk acceptance level. Results indicate that, thanks to optimally collected data, risk-aware delineation can be made at low to moderate additional costs compared to conventional delineation strategies.

Enzenhöfer, R.; Geiges, A.; Nowak, W.

2011-12-01

440

Risk Management 22:390:670, Fall 2013 Michael B. Miller  

E-print Network

Risk Management 22:390:670, Fall 2013 Michael B. Miller Class: Mondays, 6:00 ­ 9:00 PM Office Hours risk management. Emphasis will be on modeling and quantitative techniques. Students will learn how risk management is carried out in today's financial firms and about current challenges in financial risk

Lin, Xiaodong

441

The Application of FMEA Method in the Risk Management of Medical Device during the Lifecycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management is the systematic application of management strategies, procedures, and practices to the identifying, analyzing, controlling, and monitoring of process risk. It is an important guarantee to keep good quality and reduce failures of product. For medical device, it has more risk to relate with patient health and human life, so it is necessary to manage the process risk

Xiuxu Zhao; Xiaoli Bai

2010-01-01

442

The CORAS Approach for Model-based Risk Management applied to e-Commerce Domain  

E-print Network

1 The CORAS Approach for Model-based Risk Management applied to e-Commerce Domain Dimitris Raptis framework for model-based risk management of security critical systems by exploiting the synthesis of risk on the integration of RUP and a standardised security risk management process, and it is supported by an XML

StĂžlen, Ketil

443

Application of a risk management system to improve drinking water safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of a comprehensive risk management framework is considered a very effective means of managing water quality risks. There are many risk-based systems available to water utilities such as ISO 9001 and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP). In 2004, the World Health Organization's (WHO) Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality recommended the use of preventive risk management approaches

Asoka Jayaratne

2008-01-01

444

The Development of a Highly Reliable Power Management and Distribution System for Civil Transport Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is pursuing a program in Advanced Subsonic Transport (AST) to develop the technology for a highly reliable Fly-By-Light/Power-By-WIre aircraft. One of the primary objectives of the program is to develop the technology base for confident application of integrated PBW components and systems to transport aircraft to improve operating reliability and efficiency. Technology will be developed so that the present hydraulic and pneumatic systems of the aircraft can be systematically eliminated and replaced by electrical systems. These motor driven actuators would move the aircraft wing surfaces as well as the rudder to provide steering controls for the pilot. Existing aircraft electrical systems are not flight critical and are prone to failure due to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) (1), ground faults and component failures. In order to successfully implement electromechanical flight control actuation, a Power Management and Distribution (PMAD) System must be designed having a reliability of 1 failure in 10(exp +9) hours, EMI hardening and a fault tolerance architecture to ensure uninterrupted power to all aircraft flight critical systems. The focus of this paper is to analyze, define, and describe technically challenging areas associated with the development of a Power By Wire Aircraft and typical requirements to be established at the box level. The authors will attempt to propose areas of investigation, citing specific military standards and requirements that need to be revised to accommodate the 'More Electric Aircraft Systems'.

Coleman, Anthony S.; Hansen, Irving G.

1994-01-01

445

Risk assessment for exemptions from ballast water management--the Baltic Sea case study.  

PubMed

The International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship's Ballast Water and Sediments sets requirements to prevent organism transfers. Vessels on certain routes can be exempted from such requirements based on risk assessment (RA). As the convention nears its entry into force, the interest in exemptions increases. Such RA should be conducted according to the International Maritime Organization G7 Guidelines. We present a RA study for exemptions applied to intra-Baltic shipping considering different RA methods, i.e., environmental matching, species specific method including target species and species biogeographical aspects. As reliable species data in the ports considered are unavailable and following the precautionary principle, no exemptions should be granted. To ensure data reliability, port baseline surveys and regular monitoring programs should be undertaken during the exemption period as new species found influence the RA result. The RA model prepared is considered as of value to other areas worldwide. PMID:23958222

David, Matej; Gollasch, Stephan; Leppäkoski, Erkki

2013-10-15

446

Technology for managing risk during international inspections  

SciTech Connect

Inspections under international agreements related to nonproliferation of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons place sensitive commercial and national-defense information at risk. Facility operators can control risk to sensitive information by denying physical access to inspectors and providing alternative means of inspection. Similarly, exposure of inspectors and facility personnel to radiation or hazardous environments can be reduced, and damage to sensitive processing environments can be avoided if inspection objectives can be achieved without the need for direct physical access by inspectors. A system developed at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) enables inspectors to achieve inspection objectives in sensitive or hazardous areas by providing virtual presence at an inspection location in place of physical presence. The system has two parts, a mobile unit operated by facility personnel and a stationary base station operated by inspectors. The mobile and stationary units are connected by a fiber-optic communications link. The mobile unit is equipped with two video cameras, a global positioning system (GPS) with dead-reckoning capability, distance measuring equipment (DME), and a theodolite. Five unused channels of RS-232 are available to accommodate data transfer from and control of additional sensor modules. The base station is equipped with monitors for video signals and a notebook computer for analysis and display of sensor data. Inspectors can direct inspection activities through two-way voice communication with the operators of the mobile unit; the real-time response to interactions between inspectors and operators enhances the credibility of the inspection process. Applications involving international inspections for arms control and nonproliferation as well as other applications, such as As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) and two-person-rule implementation, are discussed. Planned improvements and extensions of system capabilities are outlined.

Lemley, J.R.; Curtiss, J.A.

1995-11-01

447

Measuring Property Management Risk and Loss: Step One Toward Managing Property on a Foundation of Risk, Cost, and Benefit  

SciTech Connect

This is a period of ever-tightening defense budgets and continuing pressure on the public sector to be more commercial-like, Property policies, practices, and regulations are increasingly being challenged and changed. In these times, we must be leaders in understanding and defining the value of our profession from a commercial standpoint so that we can provide the right services to our customers and explain and defend the value of those services. To do so, we must step outside current property management practices, regulations, and oversight. We must learn to think and speak in the language of those who fund us--a financial language of risk, cost, and benefit. Regardless of regulation and oversight, our bosses are demanding that we demonstrate (financially) the benefits of current practice, or else. This article is intended to be the beginning of an effort to understand and define our profession in terms of risk, cost, and benefit so that we can meet these new challenges. The first step in this effort must be defining and measuring risk, cost, and benefit. Our costs, although sometimes difficult to capture, are easy to understand: they are almost exclusively the effort, both within and without the property management organization, involved in managing property. Unfortunately, property risks and benefits are not so simple or so well understood. Generally, risks and benefits are identified and measured through physical inventory results: potential and actual shortages. This paper will explore the weaknesses in the current understanding and use of shortage information as the yardstick for property management risks and performance. It will define a new framework for understanding the purpose and value of property management. And finally, it will set a course for a new method of measuring and valuing physical inventoty shortages. This new method will yield accurate and useful measures of property management risk and benefit. Once risk and benefit are accurately understood and measured, it will be possible to evaluate, adjust, and explain property management practices and regulations from a commercial, financial perspective; it will be possible for us to be the leaders in redefining the purpose and value of the property management profession for today's environment.

Johnson, Curtis

1999-05-17

448

Factors Predicting Adherence to Risk Management Behaviors of Women at Increased Risk for Developing Lymphedema  

PubMed Central

Purpose Lymphedema affects 20-30% of women following breast cancer treatment. However, even when women are informed, they do not necessarily adhere to recommended lymphedema self-management regimens. Utilizing the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing framework, we assessed cognitive and emotional factors influencing adherence to lymphedema risk management. Methods Women with breast cancer who had undergone breast and lymph node surgery were recruited through the Fox Chase Cancer Centre breast clinic. Participants (N=103) completed measures of lymphedema-related perceived risk, beliefs and expectancies, distress, self-regulatory ability to manage distress, knowledge, and adherence to risk management behaviors. They then received the American Cancer Society publication “Lymphedema: What Every Woman with Breast Cancer Should Know”. Cognitive and affective variables were reassessed at 6- and 12-months post-baseline. Results Maximum likelihood multilevel model analyses indicated that overall adherence increased over time, with significant differences between baseline and 6- and 12- month assessments. Adherence to wearing gloves was significantly lower than that for all other behaviors except electric razor use. Distress significantly decreased, and knowledge significantly increased, over time. Greater knowledge, higher self-efficacy to enact behaviors, lower distress, and higher self-regulatory ability to manage distress were associated with increased adherence. Conclusions Women who understand lymphedema risk management and feel confident in managing this risk are more likely to adhere to recommended strategies. These factors should be rigorously assessed as part of routine care to ensure that women have the self-efficacy to seek treatment and the self-regulatory skills to manage distress, which may undermine attempts to seek medical assistance. PMID:24970542

Sherman, Kerry A.; Miller, Suzanne M.; Roussi, Pagona; Taylor, Alan

2014-01-01

449

Risk assessment and management of radiofrequency radiation exposure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radiofrequency radiation (RFR) industry managers, occupational physicians, security department, and other practitioners must be advised on the basic of biophysics and the health effects of RF electromagnetic fields so as to guide the management of exposure. Information on biophysics of RFR and biological/heath effects is derived from standard texts, literature and clinical experiences. Emergency treatment and ongoing care is outlined, with clinical approach integrating the circumstances of exposure and the patient's symptoms. Experimental risk assessment model in RFR chronic exposure is proposed. Planning for assessment and monitoring exposure, ongoing care, safety measures and work protection are outlining the proper management.

Dabala, Dana; Surducan, Emanoil; Surducan, Vasile; Neamtu, Camelia

2013-11-01

450

Risk assessment and management of radiofrequency radiation exposure  

SciTech Connect

Radiofrequency radiation (RFR) industry managers, occupational physicians, security department, and other practitioners must be advised on the basic of biophysics and the health effects of RF electromagnetic fields so as to guide the management of exposure. Information on biophysics of RFR and biological/heath effects is derived from standard texts, literature and clinical experiences. Emergency treatment and ongoing care is outlined, with clinical approach integrating the circumstances of exposure and the patient's symptoms. Experimental risk assessment model in RFR chronic exposure is proposed. Planning for assessment and monitoring exposure, ongoing care, safety measures and work protection are outlining the proper management.

Dabala, Dana [Railways Medical Clinic Cluj-Napoca, Occupational Medicine Department, 16-20 Bilascu Gheorghe St., 400015 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [Railways Medical Clinic Cluj-Napoca, Occupational Medicine Department, 16-20 Bilascu Gheorghe St., 400015 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Surducan, Emanoil; Surducan, Vasile; Neamtu, Camelia [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath St., 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath St., 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

2013-11-13

451

Reliability and Efficacy of Water Use Estimation Techniques and their Impact on Water Management and Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estimating how much water is being used by various water users is key to effective management and optimal utilization of groundwater resources. This is especially true for aquifers like the Ogallala that are severely stressed and display depleting trends over the last many years. The High Plains Underground Water Conservation District (HPWD) is the largest and oldest of the Texas water conservation districts, and oversees approximately 1.7 million irrigated acres. Water users within the 16 counties that comprise the HPWD draw from the Ogallala extensively. The HPWD has recently proposed flow-meters as well as various 'alternative methods' for water users to report water usage. Alternative methods include using a) site specific energy conversion factors to convert total amount of energy used (for pumping stations) to water pumped, b) reporting nozzle package (on center pivot irrigation systems) specifications and hours of usage, and c) reporting concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). The focus of this project was to evaluate the reliability and effectiveness for each of these water use estimation techniques for regulatory purposes. Reliability and effectiveness of direct flow-metering devices was also addressed. Findings indicate that due to site-specific variability and hydrogeologic heterogeneity, alternative methods for estimating water use can have significant uncertainties associated with water use estimates. The impact of these uncertainties on overall water usage, conservation, and management was also evaluated. The findings were communicated to the Stakeholder Advisory Group and the Water Conservation District with guidelines and recommendations on how best to implement the various techniques.

Singh, A.; Deeds, N.; Kelley, V.

2012-12-01

452

Performance and reliability of the CPB/ECMO Initiative Forward Lines Casualty Management System.  

PubMed

The Cleveland Clinic Foundation CPB/ECMO Initiative Forward Casualty Management System is an economical, compact, transportable, disposable system designed to permit a rapid expansion of trauma management services requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) pulmonary support. The system, composed of a rotary blood pump, a pump motor driver, and an electronic control console as the blood pumping subsystem, also includes commonly used compatible commercial oxygenators, venous reservoirs, and cannulae. In vitro durability testing accumulated over 100 hours without failure. In vivo reliability was tested in 10 calves under general anesthesia during 6 hours of CPB and ECMO under full heparinization at nominal operating conditions of 4-5 l/min and 2-4 l/min blood flow respectively, and mean arterial pressures between 65 and 100 mm Hg. A mean time to failure of 57 hours was reached during the animal series. Results of these test series demonstrated that this system has the capability to reliably operate during a 6-hour conventional CPB or ECMO procedure, while providing flexibility and ease of use for the operator. PMID:16340350

Casas, Fernando; Reeves, Andrew; Dudzinski, David; Weber, Stephan; Lorenz, Markus; Akiyama, Masatoshi; Kamohara, Keiji; Kopcak, Michael; Ootaki, Yoshio; Zahr, Firas; Sinkewich, Martin; Foster, Robert; Fukamachi, Kiyotaka; Smith, William A

2005-01-01

453

Disaster Risk Management - The Kenyan Challenge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Keywords: natural disasters; man-made disasters; terrorist attacks; land slides; disaster policies and legislations; fire; earthquakes; hurricanes; soil erosion; disaster research policy; Preamble: "Risk does not begin and end on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. The vastness of the subject matter is daunting. Risk touches on the most profound aspects of psychology, mathematics, statistics and history. The literature is monumental; each day's headlines bring many new items of interest. But I know we are not unique, everywhere in the world risks abound." "AGAINST THE GODS the remarkable story of risk" by Peter L. Bernstein, 1998 The real challenge is what can we, as a nation do to avert, prevent them, or in the unfortunate event that they occur, how can we mitigate their impact on the economy? Introductory remarks: Disaster in Kenya, as indeed anywhere else, is not one of those happenings we can wish away. It can strike anywhere any time. Some of it is man-made but most of it is natural. The natural are sometimes induced by man in one way or another. For example, when we harvest trees without replacing them, this diminishes the forest cover and can lead to soil erosion, whose advanced form is land slides. Either way disasters in their different forms and sizes present challenges to the way we live our lives or not, perhaps, even how we die. Disasters in our country have reached crisis stage. ‘In Chinese language, crisis means danger, but it also means opportunity' Les Brown, motivational speaker in "the power of a larger vision" Why I am interested Whereas Kenya experiences man made and natural disasters, there are more sinister challenges of the man-made variety. These loom on the horizon and, from time to time raise their ugly heads, taking many Kenyan lives in their wake, and property destroyed. These are post election violence and terrorist attacks, both related to politics, internal and external. In January 2008, soon after presidential and national assembly elections Kenya plunged into bloodshed. One Kenyan went for another, people who had been living together as neighbours suddenly turned on one another. Some of the more glaring outcomes were: • About 1,300 Kenyans died. • Property worth billions of shillings was destroyed. • Thousands of Kenyans fled their homes/farms/houses. • To date Kenya has Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). It has become a buzzword, almost fashionable if it were not so sad and grave, and a disgrace to democracy. During the short rains in September and October we experienced floods, land slides, crop failures. Ironically, in the previous months, we had just gone through drought, crops had failed, livestock died, sadly some people died, some through vagaries of weather while others as a result of inter-community friction. The net results were: • Kenya is primarily an agricultural economy sector employs over 80%. Only 20% of the land is arable, the rest is arid and semi arid land, occupied by the nomadic Kenyans. So when there is drought or floods, we get challenges that spark inter-community conflicts. Food shortages lead to higher food prices, a kilogramme bag of maize meal rose from barely affordable Kes. 52.00 to 120.00 in less than two months. In any case the food is not necessarily always available. • The global financial crisis affected our economy very adversely. Fuel prices rose from Kenya Shillings 60.00 per litre to 112.00. • Ironically Kenya's parliament voted against a law that would have compelled them to pay taxes. • As if in anticipation of citizen reactions the MP's passed the media law that would gag freedom of the press. METHODOLOGY 1. Review literature available on disasters in Kenya over the last decades. 2. I will ask Kenyans what they understand by the terms disasters and risks. 3. I will ask the Kenyan authorities - central government and local governments, what plans they have. 4. I will ask Kenya Red Cross what their plans are, their challenges and opportunities they see for Kenyans. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF MY STUDY

Nabutola, W.; Scheer, S.

2009-04-01

454

Disaster Risk Management - The Kenyan Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Keywords: natural disasters; man-made disasters; terrorist attacks; land slides; disaster policies and legislations; fire; earthquakes; hurricanes; soil erosion; disaster research policy; Preamble: "Risk does not begin and end on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. The vastness of the subject matter is daunting. Risk touches on the most profound aspects of psychology, mathematics, statistics and history. The literature is monumental; each day's headlines bring many new items of interest. But I know we are not unique, everywhere in the world risks abound." "AGAINST THE GODS the remarkable story of risk" by Peter L. Bernstein, 1998 The real challenge is what can we, as a nation do to avert, prevent them, or in the unfortunate event that they occur, how can we mitigate their impact on the economy? Introductory remarks: Disaster in Kenya, as indeed anywhere else, is not one of those happenings we can wish away. It can strike anywhere any time. Some of it is man-made but most of it is natural. The natural are sometimes induced by man in one way or another. For example, when we harvest trees without replacing them, this diminishes the forest cover and can lead to soil erosion, whose advanced form is land slides. Either way disasters in their different forms and sizes present challenges to the way we live our lives or not, perhaps, even how we die. Disasters in our country have reached crisis stage. ‘In Chinese language, crisis means danger, but it also means opportunity' Les Brown, motivational speaker in "the power of a larger vision" Why I am interested Whereas Kenya experiences man made and natural disasters, there are more sinister challenges of the man-made variety. These loom on the horizon and, from time to time raise their ugly heads, taking many Kenyan lives in their wake, and property destroyed. These are post election violence and terrorist attacks, both related to politics, internal and external. In January 2008, soon after presidential and national assembly elections Kenya plunged into bloodshed. One Kenyan went for another, people who had been living together as neighbours suddenly turned on one another. Some of the more glaring outcomes were: • About 1,300 Kenyans died. • Property worth billions of shillings was destroyed. • Thousands of Kenyans fled their homes/farms/houses. • To date Kenya has Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). It has become a buzzword, almost fashionable if it were not so sad and grave, and a disgrace to democracy. During the short rains in September and October we experienced floods, land slides, crop failures. Ironically, in the previous months, we had just gone through drought, crops had failed, livestock died, sadly some people died, some through vagaries of weather while others as a result of inter-community friction. The net results were: • Kenya is primarily an agricultural economy sector employs over 80%. Only 20% of the land is arable, the rest is arid and semi arid land, occupied by the nomadic Kenyans. So when there is drought or floods, we get challenges that spark inter-community conflicts. Food shortages lead to higher food prices, a kilogramme bag of maize meal rose from barely affordable Kes. 52.00 to 120.00 in less than two months. In any case the food is not necessarily always available. • The global financial crisis affected our economy very adversely. Fuel prices rose from Kenya Shillings 60.00 per litre to 112.00. • Ironically Kenya's parliament voted against a law that would have compelled them to pay taxes. • As if in anticipation of citizen reactions the MP's passed the media law that would gag freedom of the press. METHODOLOGY 1. Review literature available on disasters in Kenya over the last decades. 2. I will ask Kenyans what they understand by the terms disasters and risks. 3. I will ask the Kenyan authorities - central government and local governments, what plans they have. 4. I will ask Kenya Red Cross what their plans are, their challenges and opportunities they see for Kenyans. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF MY STUDY

Nabutola, W.

2009-04-01

455

Social contagion of risk perceptions in environmental management networks.  

PubMed

An important requisite for improving risk communication practice related to contentious environmental issues is having a better theoretical understanding of how risk perceptions function in real-world social systems. Our study applied Scherer and Cho's social network contagion theory of risk perception (SNCTRP) to cormorant management (a contentious environmental management issue) in the Great Lakes Basin to: (1) assess contagion effects on cormorant-related risk perceptions and individual factors believed to influence those perceptions and (2) explore the extent of social contagion in a full network (consisting of interactions between and among experts and laypeople) and three "isolated" models separating different types of interactions from the full network (i.e., expert-to-expert, layperson-to-layperson, and expert-to-layperson). We conducted interviews and administered questionnaires with experts (e.g., natural resource professionals) and laypeople (e.g., recreational and commercial anglers, business owners, bird enthusiasts) engaged in cormorant management in northern Lake Huron (n = 115). Our findings generally support the SNCTRP; however, the scope and scale of social contagion varied considerably based on the variables (e.g., individual risk perception factors), actors (i.e., experts or laypeople), and interactions of interest. Contagion effects were identified more frequently, and were stronger, in the models containing interactions between experts and laypeople than in those models containing only interactions among experts or laypeople. PMID:23231537

Muter, Bret A; Gore, Meredith L; Riley, Shawn J

2013-08-01

456

Transgenic Arthropods for Pest Management Programs: Risks and Realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to genetically engineer arthropods using recombinant DNA meopens new opportunities for improving pest management programs but also creates new responsibilities, including evaluation of the potential risks of releasing transgenic arthropods into the environment. It is now becoming easier to transform diverse species of arthropods by a variety of recombinant DNA methods. Useful genes and genetic regulatory elements are

Marjorie A. Hoy

2000-01-01

457

Modeling dependencies in Financial Risk Management BMI Master Thesis  

E-print Network

Copulas Modeling dependencies in Financial Risk Management BMI Master Thesis #12;Modeling This paper has been written as part of my study Business Mathematics and Informatics (BMI) at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. The BMI-paper is one of the final mandatory subjects. The objective

Bhulai, Sandjai

458

Security risks in nuclear waste management: Exceptionalism, opaqueness and vulnerability.  

PubMed

This paper analyses some potential security risks, concerning terrorism or more mundane forms of crime, such as fraud, in management of nuclear waste using a PEST scan (of political, economic, social and technical issues) and some insights of criminologists on crime prevention. Nuclear waste arises as spent fuel from ongoing energy generation or other nuclear operations, operational contamination or emissions, and decommissioning of obsolescent facilities. In international and EU political contexts, nuclear waste management is a sensitive issue, regulated specifically as part of the nuclear industry as well as in terms of hazardous waste policies. The industry involves state, commercial and mixed public-private bodies. The social and cultural dimensions--risk, uncertainty, and future generations--resonate more deeply here than in any other aspect of waste management. The paper argues that certain tendencies in regulation of the industry, claimed to be justified on security grounds, are decreasing transparency and veracity of reporting, opening up invisible spaces for management frauds, and in doing allowing a culture of impunity in which more serious criminal or terrorist risks could arise. What is needed is analysis of this 'exceptional' industry in terms of the normal cannons of risk assessment - a task that this paper begins. PMID:20022419

Vander Beken, Tom; Dorn, Nicholas; Van Daele, Stijn

2010-01-01

459

Managing transmission curtailment risk in wholesale power markets  

SciTech Connect

Risk resulting from transmission loading relief calls made by transmission system operators can be managed with information estimated by a statistical model capable of predicting one day in advance the probability that a particular wholesale power transaction might be curtailed. The model predicts this probability with a reasonable degree of accuracy using information on variables that can be obtained publicly. (author)

Morey, Mathew J.; Kirsch, Laurence D.

2009-11-15

460

Improving software Risk Management in a Medical Device Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software Risk Management (RM) within Medical Device (MD) companies is a critical area. Failure of the software can have potentially catastrophic effects, leading to injury of patients or even death. Therefore regulators penalise MD manufacturers that do not devote sufficient attention to the areas of hazard analysis and RM throughout the software lifecycle. This paper describes the experience of a

Fergal Mccaffery; John Burton; Ita Richardson

2009-01-01

461

Establishing Relationships Can Help Risk Management Initiatives Jessica Carroll  

E-print Network

understand IT but that IT is sure to understand the business. I presented this concept to my boss in various what we're about. So when I bring topics to them or to my boss such as risk management, which

462

Selected Issues in Education: Curriculum, Students, and Risk Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in schools resulting from the large social changes following World War II provide many new challenges for the educational administrator. This document reports on several independently conducted studies and research discussions in the areas of curriculum, student characteristics, and risk management in order to better understand these…

Chang, Kunlun; And Others

463

Informing Reactor Aging Management by Extended Risk Methodology  

SciTech Connect

This is a paper summary to be published in the proceedings of the Winter Meeting of the American Nuclear Society. It describes a method for expanding probabilistic risk assessment models to address issues associated with the management of aging nuclear power plants and the prioritization of materials degradation research.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

2009-07-01

464

Gun Safety Management with Patients at Risk for Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guns in the home are associated with a five-fold increase in suicide. All patients at risk for suicide must be asked if guns are available at home or easily accessible elsewhere, or if they have intent to buy or purchase a gun. Gun safety management requires a collaborative team approach including the clinician, patient, and designated person…

Simon, Robert I.

2007-01-01

465

Towards Cloud Computing SLA Risk Management: Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud Computing has become mainstream technology offering a commoditized approach to software, platform and infrastructure as a service over the Internet on a global scale. This raises important new security issues beyond traditional perimeter based approaches. This paper attempts to identify these issues and their corresponding challenges, proposing to use risk and Service Level Agreement (SLA) management as the basis

Jean-Henry Morin; Jocelyn Aubert; Benjamin Gateau

2012-01-01

466

EPA ORD RISK MANAGEMENT APPROACH TO DRINKING WATER RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The approach to managing the risks associated with many environmental concerns has changed over the last five years with more emphasis being placed on integrating sound science into the more complex mix of socio-economic considerations facing American society today. This paper g...

467

Department of Environmental Health & Safety Risk Management Services  

E-print Network

receive health & safety training specific to the hazards present in the lab. Where a laboratory or coreDepartment of Environmental Health & Safety Risk Management Services November 2009 Version 1 January 2012 Version 2 Occupational Hygiene & Chemical Safety 780 492 6888 1 LABORATORY SPECIFIC SAFETY

Machel, Hans

468

Risk-Based Models for Managing Data Privacy in Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research in health care lacks a systematic investigation to identify and classify various sources of threats to information privacy when sharing health data. Identifying and classifying such threats would enable the development of effective information security risk monitoring and management policies. In this research I put the first step…

AL Faresi, Ahmed

2011-01-01

469

Risk management and decision rules for light water reactor  

SciTech Connect

The process of developing and adopting safety objectives in quantitative terms can provide a basis for focusing societal decision making on the suitability of such objectives and upon questions of compliance with those objectives. A preliminary proposal for a light water reactor (LWR) risk management framework is presented as part of that process.

Griesmeyer, J. M.; Okrent, D.

1981-01-01

470

Ohio Financial Services and Risk Management. Technical Competency Profile (TCP).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the essential competencies from secondary through post-secondary associate degree programs for a career in financial services and risk management. Ohio College Tech Prep Program standards are described, and a key to profile codes is provided. Sample occupations in this career area, such as financial accountant, loan…

Ray, Gayl M.; Wilson, Nick; Mangini, Rick

471

Evaluating Density Forecasts with Applications to Financial Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Density forecasting is increasingly more important and commonplace, forexample in financial risk management, yet little attention has been given to theevaluation of density forecasts. We develop a simple and operational frameworkfor density forecast evaluation. We illustrate the framework with adetailed application to density forecasting of asset returns in environments withtime-varying volatility. Finally, we discuss several extensions.

Francis X. Diebold; Todd A. Gunther; Anthony S. Tay

1998-01-01

472

Financial risk management in a competitive electricity market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes solutions for electricity producers in the field of financial risk management for electric energy contract evaluation. The efficient frontier is used as a tool to identify the preferred portfolio of contracts. Each portfolio has a probability density function for the profit. For important scheduling policies, closed form solutions are found for the amount of futures contracts that

Roger Bjorgan; Chen-Ching Liu; Jacques Lawarree

1999-01-01

473

SUSTAINABLE AND LOW-RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR STORED WHEAT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Several different types of population suppression methods need to be combined to achieve a low-risk and sustainable management program for stored grain. When used alone, most of these methods, such as aeration, biological control, and sanitation, have only low to moderate effects on suppressing popu...

474

Global trends in risk management support of agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to make an international comparison of risk management policies in OECD countries as well as in selected emerging economies. The results are based on the data from OECD Producer Support Estimates Database and General Services Support Estimates Database, a study of agricultural insurance schemes carried out by the European Commission and an overview of

Jindrich Spicka

2010-01-01

475

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA Office of Property & Liability Risk Management  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA Office of Property & Liability Risk Management Incident Report Form Complete this form to report any non-auto related incident resulting in potential bodily injury or property damage: EMAIL FACSIMILE Messenger Mail or USPS COURIER orm-frm@virginia.edu 434-982-2635 Office of Property

Acton, Scott

476

Psychosocial Risks: Is Risk Management Strategic Enough in Business and Policy Making?  

PubMed Central

Background In times of continuous change and volatile markets, organizations are increasingly characterized by downsizing, work intensification, and resource rationalization. This has resulted in diversification, and the emergence of new risks within the field of occupational health and safety, with an important impact. This paper focuses on one such type of risk in the modern workplace—psychosocial risks. The current study aimed to explore stakeholder perspectives, regarding the extent to which psychosocial risks are incorporated into strategic risk management practices, at both the business and policy level. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 professionals, representing employer, expert, policy maker, and trade union stakeholder perspectives. Results It was found that the majority of organizations do not sufficiently, if at all, understand and incorporate psychosocial risks into strategic decision making, whereby the key barrier related to practical difficulties of not knowing how to manage psychosocial risks adequately. Conclusion The study found that there is a need to close the gap between policy and practice on a number of levels. Future recommendations comprise a policy framework and infrastructure underpinned by educational initiatives, partnerships, and networks to drive a shift in attitudes toward recognizing the duality of the concept of risk (including both potential negative and positive outcomes) and moving beyond simple regulatory compliance. PMID:23961331

Langenhan, Melissa K.; Leka, Stavroula; Jain, Aditya

2013-01-01

477

Probabilistic Risk Assessment Procedures Guide for NASA Managers and Practitioners (Second Edition)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) is a comprehensive, structured, and logical analysis method aimed at identifying and assessing risks in complex technological systems for the purpose of cost-effectively improving their safety and performance. NASA's objective is to better understand and effectively manage risk, and thus more effectively ensure mission and programmatic success, and to achieve and maintain high safety standards at NASA. NASA intends to use risk assessment in its programs and projects to support optimal management decision making for the improvement of safety and program performance. In addition to using quantitative/probabilistic risk assessment to improve safety and enhance the safety decision process, NASA has incorporated quantitative risk assessment into its system safety assessment process, which until now has relied primarily on a qualitative representation of risk. Also, NASA has recently adopted the Risk-Informed Decision Making (RIDM) process [1-1] as a valuable addition to supplement existing deterministic and experience-based engineering methods and tools. Over the years, NASA has been a leader in most of the technologies it has employed in its programs. One would think that PRA should be no exception. In fact, it would be natural for NASA to be a leader in PRA because, as a technology pioneer, NASA uses risk assessment and management implicitly or explicitly on a daily basis. NASA has probabilistic safety requirements (thresholds and goals) for crew transportation system missions to the International Space Station (ISS) [1-2]. NASA intends to have probabilistic requirements for any new human spaceflight transportation system acquisition. Methods to perform risk and reliability assessment in the early 1960s originated in U.S. aerospace and missile programs. Fault tree analysis (FTA) is an example. It would have been a reasonable extrapolation to expect that NASA would also become the world leader in the application of PRA. That was, however, not to happen. Early in the Apollo program, estimates of the probability for a successful roundtrip human mission to the moon yielded disappointingly low (and suspect) values and NASA became discouraged from further performing quantitative risk analyses until some two decades later when the methods were more refined, rigorous, and repeatable. Instead, NASA decided to rely primarily on the Hazard Analysis (HA) and Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) methods for system safety assessment.

Stamatelatos,Michael; Dezfuli, Homayoon; Apostolakis, George; Everline, Chester; Guarro, Sergio; Mathias, Donovan; Mosleh, Ali; Paulos, Todd; Riha, David; Smith, Curtis; Vesely, William; Youngblood, Robert

2011-01-01

478

Risk assessment and hierarchical risk management of enterprises in chemical industrial parks based on catastrophe theory.  

PubMed

According to risk systems theory and the characteristics of the chemical industry, an index system was established for risk assessment of enterprises in chemical industrial parks (CIPs) based on the inherent risk of the source, effectiveness of the prevention and control mechanism, and vulnerability of the receptor. A comprehensive risk assessment method based on catastrophe theory was then proposed and used to analyze the risk levels of ten major chemical enterprises in the Songmu Island CIP, China. According to the principle of equal distribution function, the chemical enterprise risk level was divided into the following five levels: 1.0 (very safe), 0.8 (safe), 0.6 (generally recognized as safe, GRAS), 0.4 (unsafe), 0.2 (very unsafe). The results revealed five enterprises (50%) with an unsafe risk level, and another five enterprises (50%) at the generally recognized as safe risk level. This method solves the multi-objective evaluation and decision-making problem. Additionally, this method involves simple calculations and provides an effective technique for risk assessment and hierarchical risk management of enterprises in CIPs. PMID:23208298

Chen, Yu; Song, Guobao; Yang, Fenglin; Zhang, Shushen; Zhang, Yun; Liu, Zhenyu

2012-12-01

479