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1

Critical aspects of integrated monitoring systems for landslides risk management: strategies for a reliable approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of advanced technologies for remotely monitor surface processes is a successful way for improving the knowledge of phenomena evolution. In addition, the integration of various techniques is becoming more and more common in order to implement early warning systems that can monitor the evolution of landslides in time and prevent emergencies. The reliability of those systems plays a key role when Public Administrations have to plan actions in case of disasters or for preventing an incoming emergency. To have confidence in the information given by the system is an essential condition for a successful policy aiming to protect the population. The research deals with the major critical aspects to be taken into account when implementing a reliable monitoring system for unstable slopes. The importance of those aspects is often neglected, unlike the effects of a not careful implementation and management of the system can lead to erroneous interpretations of the phenomenon itself. The case study which ruled the research and highlighted the actual need of guidelines for setting up a reliable monitoring system is the Valoria landslide, located in the Northern Italy. The system is based on the integration of an automatic Total Station (TS) measuring 45 reflectors and a master GPS, acting as the reference station for three rovers placed within the landslide. In order to monitor local disturbing effects, a bi-dimensional clinometer has been applied on the TS pillar. Topographic measurements have been also integrated with geotechnical sensors (inclinometers and piezometers) in a GIS for landslide risk management. At the very beginning, periodic measurements were carried out, while the system is now performing continuously since 2008. The system permitted to evaluate movements from few millimeter till some meters per day in most dangerous areas. A more spatially continuous description has been also provided by LiDAR and terrestrial SAR interferometry. Some of the most interesting and critical aspects that will be deeper described and analyzed are: - strategy for planning a successful integrated system for continuous monitoring. - Choice of the reference frame: local coordinate system or georeferenced one. - Stability of the site for the master unit positioning: GPS time series analysis for controlling the effective stability. Thanks to the GPS master station that are operating for over three years, atmospheric disturbances affecting the signal may be removed in order to carefully verify the stability of the area and to establish whether the site is geologically stable, as originally suggested, or not. In the latter case, the magnitude of movements may also be computed for providing corrections to TS observations. - Stability of the monumentation, both for reference points and TS pillar. This is an essential aspect for avoiding misinterpretations when analyzing displacements of prisms placed within the landslide. The results of experiences carried out by Authors over last years about different landslides will be presented in order to propose guidelines for a sort of procedure aiming to increase the reliability of the information provided by the system and the usefulness for local Agencies.

Castagnetti, C.; Bertacchini, E.; Capra, A.; Corsini, A.

2012-04-01

2

Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple, but powerful framework for software risk management. The framework synthe- sizes, refines, and extends current approaches to manag- ing software risks. We illustrate its usefulness through an empirical analysis of two software development episodes involving high risks. The framework can be used as an analytical device to evaluate and improve risk manage- ment approaches and as

Kalle Lyytinen; Lars Mathiassen; Janne Ropponen

3

Risk management.  

PubMed

Every plan contains risk. To proceed without planning some means of managing that risk is to court failure. The basic logic of risk is explained. It consists in identifying a threshold where some corrective action is necessary, the probability of exceeding that threshold, and the attendant cost should the undesired outcome occur. This is the probable cost of failure. Various risk categories in dentistry are identified, including lack of liquidity; poor quality; equipment or procedure failures; employee slips; competitive environments; new regulations; unreliable suppliers, partners, and patients; and threats to one's reputation. It is prudent to make investments in risk management to the extent that the cost of managing the risk is less than the probable loss due to risk failure and when risk management strategies can be matched to type of risk. Four risk management strategies are discussed: insurance, reducing the probability of failure, reducing the costs of failure, and learning. A risk management accounting of the financial meltdown of October 2008 is provided. PMID:21314051

Chambers, David W

2010-01-01

4

Improving Distribution System Reliability Through Risk-base Doptimization of Fault Management and Improved Computer-based Fault Location  

E-print Network

)’s regulation on power quality. Optimization in fault management tasks has the potential of improving system reliability by reducing the duration and scale of outages caused by faults through fast fault isolation and service restoration. The research reported...

Dong, Yimai

2013-11-07

5

Reliability of objects in aerospace technologies and beyond: Holistic risk management approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A “ high level” , deductive-reasoning-based (“ holistic” ), approach is aimed at the direct analysis of the behavior of a system as a whole, rather than with an attempt to understand the system's behavior by conducting first a “ low level” , inductive-reasoning-based, analysis of the behavior and the contributions of the system's elements. The holistic view on treatment is widely accepted in medical practice, and “ holistic health” concept upholds that all the aspects of people's needs (psychological, physical or social), should be seen as a whole, and that a disease is caused by the combined effect of physical, emotional, spiritual, social and environmental imbalances. Holistic reasoning is applied in our analysis to model the behavior of engineering products (“ species” ) subjected to various economic, marketing, and reliability “ health” factors. Vehicular products (cars, aircraft, boats, etc.), e.g., might be still robust enough, but could be out-of-date, or functionally obsolete, or their further use might be viewed as unjustifiably expensive. High-level-performance functions (HLPF) are the essential feature of the approach. HLPFs are, in effect, “ signatures” of the “ species” of interest. The HLPFs describe, in a “ holistic” , and certainly in a probabilistic, way, numerous complex multi-dependable relations among the representatives of the “ species” under consideration. ; umerous inter-related “ stresses” , both actual (“ physical” ) and nonphysical, which affect the probabilistic predictions are inherently being taken into account by the HLPFs. There is no need, and might even be counter-productive, to conduct tedious, time- and labor-consuming experimentations and to invest significant amount of time and resources to accumulate “ representative statistics” to predict - he governing probabilistic characteristics of the system behavior, such as, e.g., life expectancy of a particular type of products. “ Species” of military aircraft, commercial aircraft and private cars have been chosen in our analysis as illustrations of the fruitfulness of the “ holistic” approach. The obtained data show that both commercial “ species” exhibit similar “ survival dynamics” in compare with those of the military species of aircraft: lifetime distributions were found to be Weibull distributions for all “ species” however for commercial vehicles, the shape parameters were a little higher than 2, and scale parameters were 19.8 years (aircraft) and 21.7 (cars) whereas for military aircraft, the shape parameters were much higher and the mean time to failure much longer. The difference between the lifetime characteristics of the “ species” can be attributed to the differences in the social, operational, economic and safety-and-reliability requirements and constraints. The obtained information can be used to make tentative predictions for the most likely trends in the given field of vehicular technology. The following major conclusions can be drawn from our analysis: 1) The suggested concept based on the use of HLPFs reflects the current state and the general perceptions in the given field of engineering, including aerospace technologies, and allows for all the inherent and induced factors to be taken into account: any type of failures, usage profiles, economic factors, environmental conditions, etc. The concept requires only very general input data for the entire population. There is no need for the less available information about individual articles. 2) Failure modes are not restricted to the physical type of failures and include economic, cultural or social effects. All possible causes, which might lead to making a decision to terminate the use of a particular type

Shai, Yair; Ingman, D.; Suhir, E.

6

Risk Assessment and Risk Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguishes between risk assessment (identifying and assessing the severity of risk) and risk management (evaluating and choosing among risk control strategies). Current federal regulation designed to control risks and options to improve the regulatory process are addressed. (DH)

Cheney, David W.

1985-01-01

7

Storage management in Ada. Three reports. Volume 1: Storage management in Ada as a risk to the development of reliable software. Volume 2: Relevant aspects of language. Volume 3: Requirements of the language versus manifestations of current implementations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The risk to the development of program reliability is derived from the use of a new language and from the potential use of new storage management techniques. With Ada and associated support software, there is a lack of established guidelines and procedures, drawn from experience and common usage, which assume reliable behavior. The risk is identified and clarified. In order to provide a framework for future consideration of dynamic storage management on Ada, a description of the relevant aspects of the language is presented in two sections: Program data sources, and declaration and allocation in Ada. Storage-management characteristics of the Ada language and storage-management characteristics of Ada implementations are differentiated. Terms that are used are defined in a narrow and precise sense. The storage-management implications of the Ada language are described. The storage-management options available to the Ada implementor and the implications of the implementor's choice for the Ada programmer are also described.

Auty, David

1988-01-01

8

Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS)  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Reliability and Risk Analysis System (IRRAS) is a state-of-the-art, microcomputer-based probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) model development and analysis tool to address key nuclear plant safety issues. IRRAS is an integrated software tool that gives the user the ability to create and analyze fault trees and accident sequences using a microcomputer. This program provides functions that range from graphical fault tree construction to cut set generation and quantification. Version 1.0 of the IRRAS program was released in February of 1987. Since that time, many user comments and enhancements have been incorporated into the program providing a much more powerful and user-friendly system. This version has been designated IRRAS 4.0 and is the subject of this Reference Manual. Version 4.0 of IRRAS provides the same capabilities as Version 1.0 and adds a relational data base facility for managing the data, improved functionality, and improved algorithm performance.

Russell, K D; McKay, M K; Sattison, M.B. Skinner, N.L.; Wood, S T [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)] [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Rasmuson, D M [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)] [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-01-01

9

Reevaluating Interrater Reliability in Offender Risk Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offender risk and needs assessment, one of the pillars of the risk-need-responsivity model of offender rehabilitation, usually depends on raters assessing offender risk and needs. The few available studies of interrater reliability in offender risk assessment are, however, limited in the generalizability of their results. The present study…

van der Knaap, Leontien M.; Leenarts, Laura E. W.; Born, Marise Ph.; Oosterveld, Paul

2012-01-01

10

Quantification of risks from technology for improved plant reliability  

SciTech Connect

One of the least understood and therefore appreciated threats to profitability are risks from power plant technologies such as steam generators, turbines, and electrical systems. To effectively manage technological risks, business decisions need to be based on knowledge. The scope of the paper describes a quantification or risk process that combines technical knowledge and judgments with commercial consequences. The three principle alternatives to manage risks as well as risk mitigation techniques for significant equipment within a power plant are reported. The result is to equip the decision maker with a comprehensive picture of the risk exposures enabling cost effective activities to be undertaken to improve a plant`s reliability.

Rode, D.M.

1996-12-31

11

Risk Management Strategy Introduction  

E-print Network

Risk Management Strategy Introduction 1. The risk of adverse consequences is inherent in all activity. Dynamic enterprise will inevitably create new risks. Risk management is about ensuring that all significant relevant risks are understood and prioritised as part of normal management

Edinburgh, University of

12

Total reliability management for telecommunications software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total reliability management for telecommunications software is essential in achieving high quality network products and a high level of network integrity. The special characteristics and reliability goals of telecommunications software are reviewed, followed by a description of the components of an effective strategy for comprehensive software reliability management. The programs of fault prevention, fault detection, fault removal, failure detection, failure

Ming-Yee Lai; K. F. Rauscher

1993-01-01

13

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

SciTech Connect

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07

14

Bayesian Inference for NASA Probabilistic Risk and Reliability Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document, Bayesian Inference for NASA Probabilistic Risk and Reliability Analysis, is intended to provide guidelines for the collection and evaluation of risk and reliability-related data. It is aimed at scientists and engineers familiar with risk and reliability methods and provides a hands-on approach to the investigation and application of a variety of risk and reliability data assessment methods, tools, and techniques. This document provides both: A broad perspective on data analysis collection and evaluation issues. A narrow focus on the methods to implement a comprehensive information repository. The topics addressed herein cover the fundamentals of how data and information are to be used in risk and reliability analysis models and their potential role in decision making. Understanding these topics is essential to attaining a risk informed decision making environment that is being sought by NASA requirements and procedures such as 8000.4 (Agency Risk Management Procedural Requirements), NPR 8705.05 (Probabilistic Risk Assessment Procedures for NASA Programs and Projects), and the System Safety requirements of NPR 8715.3 (NASA General Safety Program Requirements).

Dezfuli, Homayoon; Kelly, Dana; Smith, Curtis; Vedros, Kurt; Galyean, William

2009-01-01

15

Supply chain risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

TSMC's risk management department (RM) initiated the first phase of its Supply Chain Risk Management Project in 2003, which included a risk assessment of the company's single-source raw material suppliers. RM worked jointly with the procurement department on this project to assess potential supply chain risks from single-source suppliers located in throughout the world. Suppliers participated in the risk assessment

J. T. Jeng

2004-01-01

16

Reliability management in a nuclear power plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the potential efficiency of reliability-centered maintenance in the nuclear power industry, a pilot project concerning electrical components was started in the Krsko nuclear power plant in Slovenia. In this project the reliability management was automated with a software system called REMASOS (reliability maintenance software system) which runs effectively and efficiently on low-cost personal computers

Peter KOKOL; Bojan NOVAK; Andrej KUNEJ

1992-01-01

17

Playgrounds: Managing Your Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To reduce the number of playground accidents, it is important to develop and implement a comprehensive risk management program. The steps in creating a risk management program are develop a missions statement, reduce risks through proper equipment installation, maintain the playground, make timely decisions on risk control, and keep on file…

Teague, Travis L.

1996-01-01

18

Introducing Risk Management  

E-print Network

fact: The very first food eaten by a U.S astronaut in outer space was applesauce. There are risks ·Transportation ·Sanitation acilities (the environment we work in) UREC RISK MANAGEMENT #12;Potential Risks: ·User MANAGEMENT #12;Potential Risks ·Communication ·Liability ·Policies ·Supplies ·Documents ogistics (the process

Carter, John

19

Probabilistic Methods for Structural Reliability and Risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal method is described to quantify structural reliability and risk in the presence of a multitude of uncertainties. The method is based on the materials behavior level where primitive variables with their respective scatters are used to describe that behavior. Computational simulation is then used to propagate those uncertainties to the structural scale where reliability and risk are usually specified. A sample case is described to illustrate the effectiveness, versatility, and maturity of the method. Typical results from this method demonstrate that the method is mature and that it can be used for future strategic projections and planning to assure better, cheaper, faster products for competitive advantages in world markets. The results also indicate that the methods are suitable for predicting remaining life in aging or deteriorating structures.

Chamis, Christos C.

2007-01-01

20

Identifying and Managing Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of the college or university chief financial officer in institutional risk management is (1) to identify risk (physical, casualty, fiscal, business, reputational, workplace safety, legal liability, employment practices, general liability), (2) to develop a campus plan to reduce and control risk, (3) to transfer risk, and (4) to track and…

Abraham, Janice M.

1999-01-01

21

Perspectives: Intellectual Risk Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ask a college administrator about students and risk management, and you're likely to get a quick and agitated speech about alcohol consumption and bad behavior or a meditation on mental health and campus safety. But in colleges and universities, we manage intellectual risk-taking too. Bring that up, and you'll probably get little out of that same…

Hall, James C.

2013-01-01

22

Probabilistic Methods for Structural Reliability and Risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A probabilistic method is used to evaluate the structural reliability and risk of select metallic and composite structures. The method is a multiscale, multifunctional and it is based on the most elemental level. A multi-factor interaction model is used to describe the material properties which are subsequently evaluated probabilistically. The metallic structure is a two rotor aircraft engine, while the composite structures consist of laminated plies (multiscale) and the properties of each ply are the multifunctional representation. The structural component is modeled by finite element. The solution method for structural responses is obtained by an updated simulation scheme. The results show that the risk for the two rotor engine is about 0.0001 and the composite built-up structure is also 0.0001.

Chamis, Christos C.

2008-01-01

23

Today's School Risk Manager  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts are held accountable not only for the monies that contribute to the education system but also for mitigating any issues that threaten student learning. Some school districts are fortunate to have professional risk managers on staff who can identify and control the many risks that are unique to school systems. Most schools,…

Johnson, Cheryl P.; Levering, Steve

2009-01-01

24

Risk management in surgery  

PubMed Central

Summary Malpractice is the responsible for the greatest number of legal claims. At the present time, legal actions against physicians in Italy are 15,000 per year, and a stunning increase about costs to refund patients injured by therapeutic and diagnostic errors is expected. The method for the medical prevention is “Risk Management”, that is the setting-up of organizational instruments, methods and actions that enable the measurement or estimation of medical risk; it allows to develop strategies to govern and reduce medical error. In the present work, the reconstruction about the history of risk management in Italy was carried out. After then the latest initiatives undertaken by Italy about the issue of risk management were examined. PMID:24091181

MESSANO, G.A.; SPAZIANI, E.; TURCHETTA, F.; CECI, F.; CORELLI, S.; CASCIARO, G.; MARTELLUCCI, A.; COSTANTINO, A.; NAPOLEONI, A.; CIPRIANI, B.; NICODEMI, S.; DI GRAZIA, C.; MOSILLO, R.; AVALLONE, M.; ORSINI, S.; TUDISCO, A.; AIUTI, F.; STAGNITTI, F.

2013-01-01

25

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT November 2005 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT LH-806C 714-278-7346 #12;2004 � 2005 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Introduction The Office of University Risk Management provides resources, advice and training that allow

de Lijser, Peter

26

Probabilistic Assessment of Climate Risk to Water Supply Reliability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate change poses risks to the reliability of water supply operations around the world. In this study, a climate risk assessment was conducted of the Quabbin-Wachusett reservoir system which supplies municipal water to the city of Boston and surround metropolitan area, serving 2.2 million people with about 250 million gallons per day. Given the uncertainty associated with climate change projections for the region, a risk-based methodology was adopted for the study. The methodology consisted of (1) identifying the climate sensitivities of the system and thresholds where changes in performance would be unacceptable, (2) use climate information, including GCM output, to estimate the probability of climate changes that exceeded the acceptable thresholds, and (3) develop a strategy for managing problematic climate risks that were identified in the first 2 steps. The innovative aspect of this study was the use of inverse modeling of climate risks to create a climate response function. In this case, the reliability of the reservoir system was calculated for a range of possible changes in precipitation and temperature. This allowed the identification of the thresholds in temperature and precipitation that were unacceptable in terms of system performance. For example, temperature changes of greater than +3% coupled with precipitation changes that were less than an increase of 4% would cause the reliability of the system to fall below 95% which was unacceptable. Next, output from GCMs was used to estimate the probability of these changes occurring. A multi-model, multi-member ensemble was used to estimate the full distribution of the future projections, given that no single model or single run presents an acceptable estimate of the possibilities. In this case, it was found that there was a very low probability of climate changes that exceeded the thresholds identified above because most projections were for increases in precipitation of greater than 4%. Given the relatively low risk associated with climate change, step 3 would consist of development of strategies related to managing the risks associated with climate variability, i.e., extended periods of drought, and also the implications of demand growth.

Brown, C. M.; Martin, M.; Ghile, Y.

2009-12-01

27

Cost effective management of space venture risks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a model for the cost-effective management of space venture risks is discussed. The risk assessment and control program of insurance companies is examined. A simplified system development cycle which consists of a conceptual design phase, a preliminary design phase, a final design phase, a construction phase, and a system operations and maintenance phase is described. The model incorporates insurance safety risk methods and reliability engineering, and testing practices used in the development of large aerospace and defense systems.

Giuntini, Ronald E.; Storm, Richard E.

1986-01-01

28

Information Risk Management and Resilience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Are the levels of information risk management efforts within and between firms correlated with the resilience of the firms to information disruptions? This paper examines the question by considering the results of field studies of information risk management practices at organizations and in supply chains. The organizations investigated differ greatly in the degree of coupling from a general and information risk management standpoint, as well as in the levels of internal awareness and activity regarding information risk management. The comparison of the levels of information risk management in the firms and their actual or inferred resilience indicates that a formal information risk management approach is not necessary for resilience in certain sectors.

Dynes, Scott

29

Risk management frameworks for human health and environmental risks.  

PubMed

A comprehensive analytical review of the risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication approaches currently being undertaken by key national, provincial/state, territorial, and international agencies was conducted. The information acquired for review was used to identify the differences, commonalities, strengths, and weaknesses among the various approaches, and to identify elements that should be included in an effective, current, and comprehensive approach applicable to environmental, human health and occupational health risks. More than 80 agencies, organizations, and advisory councils, encompassing more than 100 risk documents, were examined during the period from February 2000 until November 2002. An overview was made of the most important general frameworks for risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication for human health and ecological risk, and for occupational health risk. In addition, frameworks for specific applications were reviewed and summarized, including those for (1)contaminated sites; (2) northern contaminants; (3) priority substances; (4) standards development; (5) food safety; (6) medical devices; (7) prescription drug use; (8) emergency response; (9) transportation; (10) risk communication. Twelve frameworks were selected for more extensive review on the basis of representation of the areas of human health, ecological, and occupational health risk; relevance to Canadian risk management needs; representation of comprehensive and well-defined approaches; generalizability with their risk areas; representation of "state of the art" in Canada, the United States, and/or internationally; and extent of usage of potential usage within Canada. These 12 frameworks were: 1. Framework for Environmental Health Risk Management (US Presidential/Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment and Risk Management, 1997). 2. Health Risk Determination: The Challenge of Health Protection (Health and Welfare Canada, 1990). 3. Health Canada Decision-Making Framework for Identifying, Assessing and Managing Health Risks (Health Canada, 2000). 4. Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Human Health Risk Assessment of Priority Substances(Health Canada, 1994). 5. CSA-Q8550 Risk Management: Guidelines for Decision-Makers (Canada Standards Association, 1997). 6. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process (US National Research Council, 1983). 7. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society (US National Research Council, 1996). 8. Environmental Health Risk Assessment (enHealth Council of Australia, 2002). 9. A Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment (CCME, 1996). 10. Ecological Risk Assessments of Priority Substances Under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (Environment Canada, 1996).11. Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessment (US EPA, 1998b). 12. Proposed Model for Occupational Health Risk Assessment and Management (Rampal & Sadhra, 1999). Based on the extensive review of these frameworks, seven key elements that should be included in a comprehensive framework for human health, ecological, and occupational risk assessment and management were identified: 1. Problem formulation stage. 2. Stakeholder involvement. 3. Communication. 4. Quantitative risk assessment components. 5. Iteration and evaluation. 6. Informed decision making. 7. Flexibility. On the basis of this overarching approach to risk management, the following "checklist" to ensure a good risk management decision is proposed: - Make sure you're solving the right problem. - Consider the problem and the risk within the full context of the situation, using a broad perspective. - Acknowledge, incorporate, and balance the multiple dimensions of risk. - Ensure the highest degree of reliability for all components of the risk management process. - Involve interested and effected parties from the outset of the process. - Commit to honest and open communication between all parties. - Employ continuous evaluation throughout the process (formative, process, and outcome evaluation), and be prepared t

Jardine, Cindy; Hrudey, Steve; Shortreed, John; Craig, Lorraine; Krewski, Daniel; Furgal, Chris; McColl, Stephen

2003-01-01

30

Energy price risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The price of electricity is far more volatile than that of other commodities normally noted for extreme volatility. Demand and supply are balanced on a knife-edge because electric power cannot be economically stored, end user demand is largely weather dependent, and the reliability of the grid is paramount. The possibility of extreme price movements increases the risk of trading in electricity markets. However, a number of standard financial tools cannot be readily applied to pricing and hedging electricity derivatives. In this paper we present arguments why this is the case.

Weron, Rafal

2000-09-01

31

Risk Management Procedures Category: Strategic Management  

E-print Network

1 Risk Management Procedures Category: Strategic Management 1. LEGISLATION/ENTERPRISE AGREEMENT/POLICY SUPPORTED Risk Management Policy Tertiary Education Quality Standards Agency Act 2011 (TEQSA Act 2011) 2. PROCEDURAL DETAILS 2.1. Responsibilities Entity / Officer Responsibilities Planning and Management Committee

32

Reliable groundwater management in hydroecologically sensitive areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A stochastic groundwater management model is formulated to account for prediction uncertainty when maximizing regionally distributed groundwater production yet obeying regulations to maintain the hydroecological balance in wetland areas. The water table elevation in sensitive wetland areas is lowered by the withdrawal of groundwater at supply wells. Substantial uncertainty exists because drawdowns depend on both the unknown spatial distribution of hydraulic conductivity and regional boundary conditions. Planning in the face of uncertain predictions of water table changes means that optimal production must be prudently reduced. A stochastic simulation-optimization formulation is developed that provides a robust water production plan. Prediction uncertainty is dealt with through stochastic simulation-optimization using a multiple-realization approach. On the basis of analyses involving solution of over 8 million aquifer models and 36,000 stochastic-optimization solutions, the nature and reliability of the optimal groundwater production scheme are inspected to determine the effects of uncertainty in spatially variable hydraulic conductivity, conditioning on local measurements, and the type of boundary conditions imposed in the nonlinear aquifer model. We propose a new measure to predict the expected reliability of meeting water level constraints in wetland areas. Monte Carlo simulations based on numerous optimal groundwater production schemes confirm that the expected reliability is a quantifiable function of the number of hydraulic conductivity realizations included in the stochastic-optimization formulation and the variance of log hydraulic conductivity.

Feyen, Luc; Gorelick, Steven M.

2004-07-01

33

Credit Derivatives and Risk Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The striking growth of credit derivatives suggests that market participants find them to be useful tools for risk management. I illustrate the value of credit derivatives with three examples. A commercial bank can use credit derivatives to manage the risk...

M. S. Gibson

2007-01-01

34

National Ignition Facility Risk Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

The NIF Risk Management Plan has been prepared in accordance with the DOE Life Cycle Asset Management Good Practice Guide to support Critical Decision 3 of the NIF Project. The objectives of the plan are to: 1) identify the risks to the completion of the Project in terms of meeting technical and regulatory requirements, cost, and schedule, 2) assess the risks in terms of likelihood of occurrence and their impact potential relative to technical performance, ES&H (environment, safety and health), costs, and schedule, and 3) address each identified risk in terms of suitable risk mitigation measures. The documents that form the basis for this risk assessment are as follows: 1. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for Stockpile Stewardship and Management (DOE, 1996a) and Record of Decision (DOE, 1996b), 2. Preliminary Hazards Analysis (Brereton, 1993), 3. Fire Hazards Analysis (Jensen, 1997), 4. Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (LLNL, 1996a), 5. Reliability, Availability and Maintainability Report, 6. Radiation Protection Evaluation, 7. Primary Criteria and Functional Requirements (LLNL, 1996b), 8. Project Execution Plan (DOE, 1996c), 9. Schedule Risk Assessment, 10. Construction Safety Program (LLNL, 1997), 11. Title I Design Media, 12. Congressional Data Sheet. The process used in developing this plan was to form a Risk Assessment team of knowledgeable project personnel. This included: Assurances Manager, Systems Integration Manager, Project Control Manager, a Risk Management consultant, Deputy Associate Project Engineer for Activation and Start-up (Co-chairperson), and Lead Engineer for Safety Analysis (Co-chairperson). They were familiar with the risk basis documents and developed a list of the key risk elements. A methodology for assigning likelihoods, consequences, and risks was developed. Risk elements were then reviewed, and likelihoods, consequences, and risks were assigned. Risk mitigation measures were then developed. Comments were obtained, resolved and incorporated, and this document presents the results of the assessment.

Brereton, S.J.

1997-02-01

35

Reliability of fuzzy risk assessment by information distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

By reviewing approaches based on the method of information distribution to calculate fuzzy risk, we suggest two models for studying the reliability of fuzzy risk assessment. In particular, we confirm that a soft histogram estimate can improve a classical histogram estimate in raising 23% work efficiency, and the optimal scheme in reducing disaster based on a possibility-probability risk is more

Huang Chongfu

2000-01-01

36

Manual of Educational Risk Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first risk management publication for school administrators that attempts to be comprehensive by addressing all potential areas of risk to school districts and offering specific guidelines on how to manage those areas. Chapter 1 gives directions on how to use the manual. Chapter 2 contains a complete overview of risk management

Cody, Frank J.; Dise, John H., Jr.

37

Continuous Risk Management Course. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document includes a course plan for Continuous Risk Management taught by the Software Assurance Technology Center along with the Continuous Risk Management Guidebook of the Software Engineering Institute of Carnegie Mellon University and a description of Continuous Risk Management at NASA.

Hammer, Theodore F.

1999-01-01

38

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

RISK MANAGEMENT #12;2 I. Introduction "Of course you have to go out on a limb sometimes, that's whereCALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2003-04 ANNUAL REPORT OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY the best outcome in a changing environment, is the essence of risk management.3 This Report was developed

de Lijser, Peter

39

Risk and reliability assessment for telecommunications networks  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has assembled an interdisciplinary team to explore the applicability of probabilistic logic modeling (PLM) techniques to model network reliability for a wide variety of communications network architectures. The authors have found that the reliability and failure modes of current generation network technologies can be effectively modeled using fault tree PLM techniques. They have developed a ``plug-and-play`` fault tree analysis methodology that can be used to model connectivity and the provision of network services in a wide variety of current generation network architectures. They have also developed an efficient search algorithm that can be used to determine the minimal cut sets of an arbitrarily-interconnected (non-hierarchical) network without the construction of a fault tree model. This paper provides an overview of these modeling techniques and describes how they are applied to networks that exhibit hybrid network structures (i.e., a network in which some areas are hierarchical and some areas are not hierarchical).

Wyss, G.D.; Schriner, H.K.; Gaylor, T.R.

1996-08-01

40

Communicating Risk to Program Managers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Program Managers (PM) can protect program resources and improve chances of success by anticipating, understanding and managing risks. Understanding the range of potential risks helps one to avoid or manage the risks. A PM must choose which risks to accept to reduce fire fighting, must meet the expectations of stakeholders consistently, and avoid falling into costly "black holes" that may open. A good risk management process provides the PM more confidence to seize opportunities save money, meet schedule, even improve relationships with people important to the program. Evidence of managing risk and sound internal controls can mean better support from superiors for the program by building a trust and reputation from being on top of issues. Risk managers have an obligation to provide the PM with the best information possible to allow the benefits to be realized (Small Business Consortium, 2004). The Institute for Chartered Accountants in England and Wales sees very important benefits for companies in providing better information about what they do to assess and manage key business risks. Such information will: a) provide practical forward-looking information; b) reduce the cost of capital; c) encourage better risk management; and d) improve accountability for stewardship, investor protection and the usefulness of financial reporting. We are particularly convinced that enhanced risk reporting will help listed companies obtain capital at the lowest possible cost (The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England &Wales, June 2002). Risk managers can take a significant role in quantifying the success of their department and communicating those figures to executive (program) management levels while pushing for a broader risk management role. Overall, risk managers must show that risk management work matters in the most crucial place-the bottom line- as they prove risk management can be a profit center (Sullivan, 2004).

Shivers, C. Herbert

2005-01-01

41

Reliability and Risk Analysis for Software that Must be Safe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remaining failures, total failures, test time required to attain a given fraction of remaining failures, and time to next failure are useful reliability metrics for: providing confidence that the software has achieved reliability goals; rationalizing how long to test a piece of software; and analyzing the risk of not achieving remaining failure and time to next failure goals. Having predictions

Norman F. Schneidewind

1996-01-01

42

Managing demographic risk.  

PubMed

In developed nations, the workforce is aging rapidly. That trend has serious implications. Companies could face severe labor shortages in a few years as workers retire, taking critical knowledge with them. Businesses may also see productivity decline among older employees, especially in physically demanding jobs. The authors, partners at Boston Consulting Group, offer managers a systematic way to assess these dual threats--capacity risk and productivity risk--at their companies. It involves studying the age distribution of their employees to see if large percentages fall within high age brackets and then projecting--by location, unit, and job category--how the distribution will change over the next 15 years. Managers must also factor in both the impact of strategic moves on personnel needs and the future supply of workers in the market. When RWE Power analyzed its trends, the company learned that in 2018 almost 80% of its workers would be over 50. What's more, in certain critical areas its labor surplus was about to become a sizable shortfall. For instance, a shortage of specialized engineers would develop in the company just as their ranks in the job market thinned and competition to hire them intensified. Reversing its downsizing course, RWE Power took steps to increase its supply of workers in those key positions. The authors show how companies that face talent gaps, as RWE Power did, can close them through training, transfers, recruitment, retention, productivity improvements, and outsourcing. They also describe measures that companies can take to keep older workers productive, including workplace accommodations, revised compensation structures, performance incentives, and targeted health care management. The key is to identify and address potential problems early. Firms that do so will gain an edge on rivals that are still relentlessly focused on reducing head count. PMID:18314640

Strack, Rainer; Baier, Jens; Fahlander, Anders

2008-02-01

43

Challenges to sustainable risk management  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the intermediate lessons learned from the analyses of the risk management problems in three technological endeavors. These problems are: the absence of a structure for rewarding successful project risk management; the need for an ever-more accurate economic measure of risk; and the difficulty of transferring risks to contract-bound independent outsourcing entity. This paper also describes recent advancement towards providing answers to these challenges and future research endeavors in this field.

Pinto, Ariel C., Aurora, Ashish, Hall, Dennis E.,

2004-08-09

44

Time-Tagged Risk/Reliability Assessment Program for Development and Operation of Space System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated a new method of risk/reliability assessment for development and operation of space system. It is difficult to evaluate risk of spacecraft, because of long time operation, maintenance free and difficulty of test under the ground condition. Conventional methods are FMECA, FTA, ETA and miscellaneous. These are not enough to assess chronological anomaly and there is a problem to share information during R&D. A new method of risk and reliability assessment, T-TRAP (Time-tagged Risk/Reliability Assessment Program) is proposed as a management tool for the development and operation of space system. T-TRAP consisting of time-resolved Fault Tree and Criticality Analyses, upon occurrence of anomaly in the system, facilitates the responsible personnel to quickly identify the failure cause and decide corrective actions. This paper describes T-TRAP method and its availability.

Kubota, Yuki; Takegahara, Haruki; Aoyagi, Junichiro

45

University of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

University of Washington ENTERPRISE RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 Annual Report #12;ERM 2010 Annual Report 2 December 2010 "Enterprise Risk Management" (ERM) - a process - to integrate risk into strategic UW Enterprise Risk Management Framework . . . . . . . . . 6 Illustration of ERM Components

Kaminsky, Werner

46

NGNP Risk Management Database: A Model for Managing Risk  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate the implementation of the Risk Management Plan, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project has developed and employed an analytical software tool called the NGNP Risk Management System (RMS). A relational database developed in Microsoft® Access, the RMS provides conventional database utility including data maintenance, archiving, configuration control, and query ability. Additionally, the tool’s design provides a number of unique capabilities specifically designed to facilitate the development and execution of activities outlined in the Risk Management Plan. Specifically, the RMS provides the capability to establish the risk baseline, document and analyze the risk reduction plan, track the current risk reduction status, organize risks by reference configuration system, subsystem, and component (SSC) and Area, and increase the level of NGNP decision making.

John Collins

2009-09-01

47

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

negatively impact the University's strategic mission; reputation; day-to-day operations; complianceCALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 ANNUAL REPORT #12;2010 Annual Report Page 2 I. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management

de Lijser, Peter

48

Decision Support and Risk Management  

E-print Network

Support and Risk Management Group CVMDM can be run with any underlying disease characteristics, but itsDecision Support and Risk Management CVMDM: Community Vaccination and Mass Dispensing Model What and distribution of pharmaceutical materials across a jurisdiction and the dispensing of those materials through

49

Putting Risk Management Into Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors use an SEI designed road map as a guide to discussing effective and ineffective risk management methods based on six years' experience with software intensive DoD programs. These programs followed the SEI approach of continuous and team risk management, selecting processes and methods that would best fit their work cultures

Raymond C. Williams; Julie A. Walker; Audrey J. Dorofee

1997-01-01

50

MORT (Management Oversight and Risk Tree) based risk management  

SciTech Connect

Risk Management is the optimization of safety programs. This requires a formal systems approach to hazards identification, risk quantification, and resource allocation/risk acceptance as opposed to case-by-case decisions. The Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) has gained wide acceptance as a comprehensive formal systems approach covering all aspects of risk management. It (MORT) is a comprehensive analytical procedure that provides a disciplined method for determining the causes and contributing factors of major accidents. Alternatively, it serves as a tool to evaluate the quality of an existing safety system. While similar in many respects to fault tree analysis, MORT is more generalized and presents over 1500 specific elements of an ideal ''universal'' management program for optimizing occupational safety.

Briscoe, G.J.

1990-02-01

51

The NASA Risk Management Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the NASA Risk Management Program established by the Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Quality (MSQ). Current agency policy is outlined, risk management assistance to the field is described, and examples are given of independent risk assessments conducted by SMQ. The motivation for and the structure of the program is placed in the historical context of pre- and post-Challenger environments.

Buchbinder, Benjamin

1990-01-01

52

Measuring injury risk factors: question reliability in a statewide sample  

PubMed Central

Background—Recently (1996–98), Colorado added 15 questions pertaining to injury related risks and behaviors to the behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS). Questions addressed bicycle helmet use, traffic crashes, exposure to violence, suicidal behavior, and gun storage. Objective—To measure the test-retest reliability of these injury related questions. Methods—Of 330 BRFSS participants, 229 (69%) were called a second time and reasked nine selected injury questions. Retests were completed 7–28 days after the original interview. Results—Test-retest agreement was very high (? >0.80) for bicycle helmet use, domestic police visits, and gun ownership. All other injury risk questions had substantial agreement (? >0.60). Conclusions—The injury related questions added to the Colorado BRFSS have high test-retest reliability. PMID:10875674

Koziol-McLain, J.; Brand, D.; Morgan, D.; Leff, M.; Lowenstein, S.

2000-01-01

53

Reliability analysis of roadway departure risk using stochastic processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The work presented here aims to develop a warning device to prevent roadway departure while cornering. Given the random variability arising from the driver, the vehicle and the infrastructure at the entrance of the curve, a probabilistic strategy is adopted to assess the roadway departure risk. Random variables and processes are introduced in a specifically developed vehicle dynamics model. The driver's behaviours are deduced from real traffic measurements. Structural reliability methods are employed to compute a roadway departure risk index, used to take the decision of an alarm triggering. Particular care is brought to the reduction of the computational cost. Refinements made on the standard reliability methods to handle with the model non-linearities and the stochastic dimension are presented.

Rey, G.; Clair, D.; Fogli, M.; Bernardin, F.

2011-05-01

54

Risk analysis and management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Present software development accomplishments are indicative of the emerging interest in and increasing efforts to provide risk assessment backbone tools in the manned spacecraft engineering community. There are indications that similar efforts are underway in the chemical processes industry and are probably being planned for other high risk ground base environments. It appears that complex flight systems intended for extended manned planetary exploration will drive this technology.

Smith, H. E.

1990-01-01

55

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEELs lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

Novack, Steven David; Marshall, Frances Mc Clellan; Stromberg, Howard Merion; Grant, Gary Michael

1999-06-01

56

Issue Management Risk Ranking Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thousands of safety issues have been collected on-line at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) as part of the Issue Management Plan. However, there has been no established approach to prioritize collected and future issues. The authors developed a methodology, based on hazards assessment, to identify and risk rank over 5000 safety issues collected at INEEL. This approach required that it was easily applied and understandable for site adaptation and commensurate with the Integrated Safety Plan. High-risk issues were investigated and mitigative/preventive measures were suggested and ranked based on a cost-benefit scheme to provide risk-informed safety measures. This methodology was consistent with other integrated safety management goals and tasks providing a site-wide risk-informed decision tool to reduce hazardous conditions and focus resources on high-risk safety issues. As part of the issue management plan, this methodology was incorporated at the issue collection level and training was provided to management to better familiarize decision-makers with concepts of safety and risk. This prioritization methodology and issue dissemination procedure will be discussed. Results of issue prioritization and training efforts will be summarized. Difficulties and advantages of the process will be reported. Development and incorporation of this process into INEEL's lessons learned reporting and the site-wide integrated safety management program will be shown with an emphasis on establishing self reliance and ownership of safety issues.

F. M. Marshall; G. M. Grant; H. M. Stromberg; S. D. Novack

1999-06-01

57

A high reliability battery management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over a period of some 5 years Canadian Astronautics Limited (CAL) has developed a system to autonomously manage, and thus prolong the life of, secondary storage batteries. During the development, the system was aimed at the space vehicle application using nickel cadmium batteries, but is expected to be able to enhance the life and performance of any rechargeable electrochemical couple.

M. H. Moody

1986-01-01

58

A high reliability battery management system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over a period of some 5 years Canadian Astronautics Limited (CAL) has developed a system to autonomously manage, and thus prolong the life of, secondary storage batteries. During the development, the system was aimed at the space vehicle application using nickel cadmium batteries, but is expected to be able to enhance the life and performance of any rechargeable electrochemical couple. The system handles the cells of a battery individually and thus avoids the problems of over, and under, drive that inevitably occur in a battery of cells managed by an averaging system. This individual handling also allow cells to be totally bypassed in the event of failure, thus avoiding the losses associated with low capacity, partial short circuit, and the catastrophe of open circuit. The system has an optional capability of managing redundant batteries simultaneously, adding the advantage of on line reconditioning of one battery, while the other maintains the energy storage capability of the overall system. As developed, the system contains a dedicated, redundant, microprocessor, but the capability exists to have this computing capability time shared, or remote, and operating through a data link. As adjuncts to the basic management system CAL has developed high efficiency, polyphase, power regulators for charge and discharge power conditioning.

Moody, M. H.

1986-01-01

59

Risk-Reliability Programming for Optimal Water Quality Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A risk-reliability programming approach is developed for optimal allocation of releases for control of water quality downstream of a multipurpose reservoir. Additionally, the approach allows the evaluation of optimal risk/reliability values. Risk is defined as a probability of not satisfying constraints given in probabilistic form, e.g., encroachment of water quality reservation on that for flood control. The objective function includes agricultural production losses that are functions of water quality, and risk-losses associated with encroachment of the water quality control functions on reservations for flood control, fisheries, and irrigation. The approach is demonstrated using data from New Melones Reservoir on the Stanislaus River in California. Results indicate that an optimum water quality reservation exists for a given set of quality targets and loss functions. Additional analysis is presented to determine the sensitivity of optimization results to agricultural production loss functions and the influence of statistically different river flows on the optimal reservoir storage for water quality control. Results indicate the dependence of an optimum water quality reservation on agricultural production losses and hydrologic conditions.

Simonovic, Slobodan P.; Orlob, Gerald T.

1984-06-01

60

Supply chain risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a secondary analysis of the literature, supplemented by case studies to determine if large companies increase their exposure to risk by having small- and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) as partners in business critical positions in the supply chain, and to make recommendations concerning best practice. A framework defining the information systems (IS) environment is used to structure the

Peter Finch

2004-01-01

61

Reliability-Based Life-Cycle Management of Highway Bridges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of bridge management is to allocate and use the limited resources to balance lifetime reliability and life-cycle cost in an optimal manner. As the 20th century has drawn to a close, it is appropriate to reflect on the birth and growth of bridge management systems, to examine where they are today, and to predict their future. In this

Dan M. Frangopol; Jung S. Kong; Emhaidy S. Gharaibeh

2001-01-01

62

Space flight risk data collection and analysis project: Risk and reliability database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focus of the NASA 'Space Flight Risk Data Collection and Analysis' project was to acquire and evaluate space flight data with the express purpose of establishing a database containing measurements of specific risk assessment - reliability - availability - maintainability - supportability (RRAMS) parameters. The developed comprehensive RRAMS database will support the performance of future NASA and aerospace industry risk and reliability studies. One of the primary goals has been to acquire unprocessed information relating to the reliability and availability of launch vehicles and the subsystems and components thereof from the 45th Space Wing (formerly Eastern Space and Missile Command -ESMC) at Patrick Air Force Base. After evaluating and analyzing this information, it was encoded in terms of parameters pertinent to ascertaining reliability and availability statistics, and then assembled into an appropriate database structure.

1994-01-01

63

An integrated risk management tool and process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most project managers know that risk management (RM) is essential to good project management. At NASA, standards and procedures to manage risk through a tiered approach have been developed - from the global agency requirements down to a program or project implementation. The basic methodology for NASA's risk management strategy includes processes to identify, analyze, plan, track, control, communicate and

J. Perera; J. Holsomback

2005-01-01

64

Annex 2 Risk Management Guidance and Template SPO Project Management  

E-print Network

1 Annex 2 ­ Risk Management Guidance and Template SPO Project Management Guidance on Risk Management Introduction Risk is any action or event that affects a project's ability to achieve its on cost, schedule and technical performance. However, with appropriate procedures, risks can be managed

65

PFPC: Building an IT Risk Management Competency  

E-print Network

IT Risk management is becoming increasingly important for CIOs and their executive counterparts. Educators and managers have materials they can use to discuss specific IT risks in project management, security and other ...

Westerman, George

2005-07-29

66

Risk management for distributed authorization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed authorization takes into account several elements, includ- ing certiflcates that may be provided by non-local actors. While most trust management systems treat all assertions as equally valid up to certiflcate authentication, realistic considerations may associate risk with some of these elements, for example some actors may be less trusted than others. Furthermore, practical online authorization may require certain levels

Christian Skalka; Xiaoyang Sean Wang; Peter C. Chapin

2007-01-01

67

Risk management and climate change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The selection of climate policies should be an exercise in risk management reflecting the many relevant sources of uncertainty. Studies of climate change and its impacts rarely yield consensus on the distribution of exposure, vulnerability or possible outcomes. Hence policy analysis cannot effectively evaluate alternatives using standard approaches, such as expected utility theory and benefit-cost analysis. This Perspective highlights the value of robust decision-making tools designed for situations such as evaluating climate policies, where consensus on probability distributions is not available and stakeholders differ in their degree of risk tolerance. A broader risk-management approach enables a range of possible outcomes to be examined, as well as the uncertainty surrounding their likelihoods.

Kunreuther, Howard; Heal, Geoffrey; Allen, Myles; Edenhofer, Ottmar; Field, Christopher B.; Yohe, Gary

2013-05-01

68

A framework for managing risk-based managed care contracts.  

PubMed

To prepare for managing risk-based contracts with payers and other purchasers, providers should: Identify operational, competitive, and financial risks associated with the relevant patient populations. Improve organizational abilities related to patient care management, which is the key to managing operational risk. Address the competitive risks that can ensue when traditional lines of demarcation between providers and payers are crossed. Adopt strategies and tactics to manage financial risk, beyond buying malpractice and stop-loss insurance. PMID:24380254

Nugent, Michael

2013-12-01

69

RISK-BASED MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES FOR EVALUATING SEDIMENT MANAGEMENT OPTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This paper presents a tiered approach to risk assessment and risk management as an appropriate and efficient process for addressing human and ecological health concerns surrounding sediment contamination. Risk management input is critical to framing risk assessment issues and defining the types of risks that must be evaluated and solicited early in the assessment process. In particular, the

R. E. Keenan; P. D. Anderson; W. R. Alsop; J. H. Samuelian

1999-01-01

70

[Risk and risk management in aviation].  

PubMed

RISK MANAGEMENT: The large proportion of human errors in aviation accidents suggested the solution--at first sight brilliant--to replace the fallible human being by an "infallible" digitally-operating computer. However, even after the introduction of the so-called HITEC-airplanes, the factor human error still accounts for 75% of all accidents. Thus, if the computer is ruled out as the ultimate safety system, how else can complex operations involving quick and difficult decisions be controlled? OPTIMIZED TEAM INTERACTION/PARALLEL CONNECTION OF THOUGHT MACHINES: Since a single person is always "highly error-prone", support and control have to be guaranteed by a second person. The independent work of mind results in a safety network that more efficiently cushions human errors. NON-PUNITIVE ERROR MANAGEMENT: To be able to tackle the actual problems, the open discussion of intervened errors must not be endangered by the threat of punishment. It has been shown in the past that progress is primarily achieved by investigating and following up mistakes, failures and catastrophes shortly after they happened. HUMAN FACTOR RESEARCH PROJECT: A comprehensive survey showed the following result: By far the most frequent safety-critical situation (37.8% of all events) consists of the following combination of risk factors: 1. A complication develops. 2. In this situation of increased stress a human error occurs. 3. The negative effects of the error cannot be corrected or eased because there are deficiencies in team interaction on the flight deck. This means, for example, that a negative social climate has the effect of a "turbocharger" when a human error occurs. It needs to be pointed out that a negative social climate is not identical with a dispute. In many cases the working climate is burdened without the responsible person even noticing it: A first negative impression, too much or too little respect, contempt, misunderstandings, not expressing unclear concern, etc. can considerably reduce the efficiency of a team. PMID:15595595

Müller, Manfred

2004-10-01

71

High performance in Procurement Risk Management  

E-print Network

Research on Procurement Risk Management has been conducted by Accenture and MIT in order to identify the best practices used to manage commodity price volatility and supplier risk. In today's increasingly turbulent market ...

Olsha, Maya (Olsha-Yehiav)

2010-01-01

72

Laboratory Information Management System Chain of Custody: Reliability and Security  

PubMed Central

A chain of custody (COC) is required in many laboratories that handle forensics, drugs of abuse, environmental, clinical, and DNA testing, as well as other laboratories that want to assure reliability of reported results. Maintaining a dependable COC can be laborious, but with the recent establishment of the criteria for electronic records and signatures by US regulatory agencies, laboratory information management systems (LIMSs) are now being developed to fully automate COCs. The extent of automation and of data reliability can vary, and FDA- and EPA-compliant electronic signatures and system security are rare. PMID:17671623

Tomlinson, J. J.; Elliott-Smith, W.; Radosta, T.

2006-01-01

73

Laboratory information management system chain of custody: reliability and security.  

PubMed

A chain of custody (COC) is required in many laboratories that handle forensics, drugs of abuse, environmental, clinical, and DNA testing, as well as other laboratories that want to assure reliability of reported results. Maintaining a dependable COC can be laborious, but with the recent establishment of the criteria for electronic records and signatures by US regulatory agencies, laboratory information management systems (LIMSs) are now being developed to fully automate COCs. The extent of automation and of data reliability can vary, and FDA- and EPA-compliant electronic signatures and system security are rare. PMID:17671623

Tomlinson, J J; Elliott-Smith, W; Radosta, T

2006-01-01

74

Risk perception and risk management in Norwegian aquaculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study seeks to provide empirical knowledge about fish farmers' risk attitudes, risk sources and risk management tools by presenting the results from a survey among Norwegian fish farming companies. The results show that fish farmers think of themselves as only moderately risk averse compared, for instance, to crop and livestock farmers. The most important sources of risk are

Ole Jakob Bergfjord

2009-01-01

75

Risk management with suicidal patients.  

PubMed

The patient who is at-risk for suicide is complex and is difficult to evaluate and treat effectively. Should suicidal behavior occur, the clinician faces the potential wrath of bereaved survivors and their externalized blame exercised through a malpractice suit. The clinician's duty of care to a patient is to act affirmatively to protect a patient from violent acts against self. A finding of malpractice is established if the court finds that this duty was breached, through an act of omission or commission relative to the standard of care, and that this breach was proximately related to the patient's suicidal behavior. This article discusses the standard of care and factors that determine liability in a suicide death of a patient. An extensive list of recommendations for competent caregiving for the at-risk patient and risk management guidelines are then presented. PMID:16342285

Berman, Alan L

2006-02-01

76

Reliability programing in reservoir management: 3. System of multipurpose reservoirs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A reliability programing technique, which includes the concept of `reliability or risk' in an optimization, is applied to multiple multipurpose reservoir systems. The procedure can be applied to any multipurpose multiunit reservoir system with two general types of linkage: normal channel flow for reservoir releases and pipelines or pumping canals. Thus each reservoir could be connected to every other reservoir, and each could receive releases from any or all other reservoirs as dictated by a particular system configuration. A two-level solution algorithm is proposed. A solution can be obtained for a reservoir system with few purposes (flood control, power production, irrigation, water supply, and water quality enhancement) and random inflows and demands. The random inflows and demands are represented by conditional distribution functions. The objective function of economic efficiency, representing the tradeoff between benefits and risks embodied by a risk-loss function, is included in the present approach. The reliability programing model is nonlinear and can be split into two models: search model and special linear programing model. The procedure is illustrated using a portion of the Red River system in Oklahoma and Texas, a system of three multipurpose reservoirs. The three reservoirs individually satisfy purposes (flood protection, hydroelectric power generation, water supply, and water quality enhancement), and two of the reservoirs work together to satisfy additional water requirements (flood control and water quality enhancement downstream). Input data necessary for solving the optimization model are presented. Results of the operation of the system, including optimal operating policies for the reservoirs and reliabilities of the operation, illustrate the major advantages of the reliability programing approach compared with other stochastic optimization techniques.

Simonovi?, Slobodan P.; Marino, Miguel A.

1982-08-01

77

MCDM APPROACH TO FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective financial risk management, as the part of financial system, has strong impact on the performance of the enterprise. In this study two methods were used: (1) Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method for setting the weights of financial risk management dimensions criteria; (2) Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) for assessment financial risk management relative performance

Jerzy Michnik; Mei-Chen Lo

78

Managing Risk Assessment in Science Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a health-and-safety risk-management audit in four Queensland, Australia high schools. One major outcome of this research project is the development of a comprehensive risk-management policy in compliance with the law. Other outcomes include the preparation of a professional-development package in risk-management policy for use as a…

Forlin, Peter; Forlin, Chris

1997-01-01

79

Global supply chain risk management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Global supply chains are more risky than domestic supply chains due to numerous links interconnecting a wide network of firms. These links are prone to disruptions, bankruptcies, breakdowns, macroeconomic and political changes, and disasters leading to higher risks and making risk management difficult. The purpose of this paper is to explore the phenomenon of risk management and risk

Ila Manuj; John T. Mentzer

2008-01-01

80

Annotated bibliography of reliability and risk data sources  

SciTech Connect

This document is an annotated bibliography of nuclear, nonnuclear, and foreign data sources that are useful in nuclear power plant reliability and risk analysis applications. A brief description of the contents, areas of usefulness, access information, and the name and address of a contact is provided for data sources of all types. In addition, for nuclear data sources, tabular comparisons are made. These comparisons include the scope of the data sources; their operational, special-purpose operational, pedigree, aggregated, and derived data; the operational and design data each data source originates from; and access information. Probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) are profiled separately. For each PRA, background information that describes the PRA and the plant itself is provided. Also the input data sources used to support each PRA are identified. Of special interest is the identification of unique plant-specific data sources that have evolved from the PRA analyses. To the extent possible, how the data sources were used in the analysis is also discussed.

Hester, O.V.; Brown, S.R.; Gentillon, C.D.

1988-03-01

81

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services  

E-print Network

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services Workers' Compensation Update WORKERS' COMPENSATION PHARMACY BENEFIT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The California State University system has partnered with ScripNet to provide a Workers' Compensation Pharmacy Benefit Management Program beginning July 1, 2010

de Lijser, Peter

82

Who Manages Risk? An Empirical Examination of Risk Management Practices in the Gold Mining Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines a new database that details corporate risk management activity in the North American gold mining industry. The author finds little empirical support for the predictive power of theories that view risk management as a means to maximize shareholder value. However, firms whose managers hold more options manage less gold price risk, and firms whose managers hold more

Peter Tufano

1996-01-01

83

Calysto: Risk Management for Commercial Manned Spaceflight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Calysto: Risk Management for Commercial Manned Spaceflight study analyzes risk management in large enterprises and how to effectively communicate risks across organizations. The Calysto Risk Management tool developed by NASA's Kennedy Space Center's SharePoint team is used and referenced throughout the study. Calysto is a web-base tool built on Microsoft's SharePoint platform. The risk management process at NASA is examined and incorporated in the study. Using risk management standards from industry and specific organizations at the Kennedy Space Center, three methods of communicating and elevating risk are examined. Each method describes details of the effectiveness and plausibility of using the method in the Calysto Risk Management Tool. At the end of the study suggestions are made for future renditions of Calysto.

Dillaman, Gary

2012-01-01

84

DEGRADATION SUSCEPTIBILITY METRICS AS THE BASES FOR BAYESIAN RELIABILITY MODELS OF AGING PASSIVE COMPONENTS AND LONG-TERM REACTOR RISK  

SciTech Connect

Conventional probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) are not well-suited to addressing long-term reactor operations. Since passive structures, systems and components are among those for which refurbishment or replacement can be least practical, they might be expected to contribute increasingly to risk in an aging plant. Yet, passives receive limited treatment in PRAs. Furthermore, PRAs produce only snapshots of risk based on the assumption of time-independent component failure rates. This assumption is unlikely to be valid in aging systems. The treatment of aging passive components in PRA does present challenges. First, service data required to quantify component reliability models are sparse, and this problem is exacerbated by the greater data demands of age-dependent reliability models. A compounding factor is that there can be numerous potential degradation mechanisms associated with the materials, design, and operating environment of a given component. This deepens the data problem since the risk-informed management of materials degradation and component aging will demand an understanding of the long-term risk significance of individual degradation mechanisms. In this paper we describe a Bayesian methodology that integrates the metrics of materials degradation susceptibility being developed under the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Proactive Management of Materials of Degradation Program with available plant service data to estimate age-dependent passive component reliabilities. Integration of these models into conventional PRA will provide a basis for materials degradation management informed by the predicted long-term operational risk.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.; Ford, Benjamin E.

2011-07-17

85

Risk analysis and risk management: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the history of risk analysis and risk management, giving special emphasis to the neglected period prior to the 20th century. The overall objective of the paper is to: (1) dampen the prevailing tendency to view present-day concerns about risk in an ahistorical context; (2) shed light on the intellectual antecedents of current thinking about risk; (3) clarify

Vincent T. Covello; Jeryl Mumpower

1985-01-01

86

Reliability, Risk and Cost Trade-Offs for Composite Designs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Risk and cost trade-offs have been simulated using a probabilistic method. The probabilistic method accounts for all naturally-occurring uncertainties including those in constituent material properties, fabrication variables, structure geometry and loading conditions. The probability density function of first buckling load for a set of uncertain variables is computed. The probabilistic sensitivity factors of uncertain variables to the first buckling load is calculated. The reliability-based cost for a composite fuselage panel is defined and minimized with respect to requisite design parameters. The optimization is achieved by solving a system of nonlinear algebraic equations whose coefficients are functions of probabilistic sensitivity factors. With optimum design parameters such as the mean and coefficient of variation (representing range of scatter) of uncertain variables, the most efficient and economical manufacturing procedure can be selected. In this paper, optimum values of the requisite design parameters for a predetermined cost due to failure occurrence are computationally determined. The results for the fuselage panel analysis show that the higher the cost due to failure occurrence, the smaller the optimum coefficient of variation of fiber modulus (design parameter) in longitudinal direction.

Shiao, Michael C.; Singhal, Surendra N.; Chamis, Christos C.

1996-01-01

87

Quantitative Model for Information Security Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a mathematical model to improve our knowledge of information security and risk management in contemporaneous businesses and other organizations. In the world of permanent cyber-attacks to information systems the knowledge about risk management is becoming a crucial task for minimization of the potential risks that can endeavour their operation. Therefore, it requires good knowledge of information security.

Rok Bojanc

2012-01-01

88

HANDBOOK OF INTEGRATED RISK MANAGEMENT IN  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK OF INTEGRATED RISK MANAGEMENT IN GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAINS Onur Boyabatli Lee Kong Chian School of Integrated Risk Management in Global Supply Chains. By Boyabatli, Dong, Kouvelis and Li Copyright c 2010 John the decentralized nature of the supply chain and highlight how supply risks influence the interactions among firms

Aydin, Goker

89

Feedback on flood risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For several years, as floods were increasing in South of France, local communities felt deprive to assume their mission of protection and information of citizens, and were looking for assistance in flood management. In term of flood disaster, the fact is that physical protection is necessary but inevitably limited. Tools and structures of assistance to anticipation remain slightly developed. To manage repeated crisis, local authorities need to be able to base their policy against flood on prevention, warnings, post-crisis analysis and feedback from former experience. In this objective, after 3 years of test and improvement since 2003, the initiative Predict-Services was developed in South of France: it aims at helping communities and companies to face repeated flood crisis. The principle is to prepare emergency plans, to organize crisis management and reduce risks; to help and assist communities and companies during crisis to activate and adapt their emergency plans with enough of anticipation; and to analyse floods effects and improve emergency plans afterwards. With the help of Meteo France datas and experts, Predict services helps local communities and companies in decision making for flood management. In order to reduce risks, and to keep the benefits of such an initiative, local communities and companies have to maintain the awareness of risk of the citizens and employees. They also have to maintain their safety plans to keep them constantly operational. This is a part of the message relayed. Companies, Local communities, local government authorities and basin stakeholders are the decision makers. Companies and local communities have to involve themselves in the elaboration of safety plans. They are also completely involved in their activation that is their own responsability. This applies to other local government authorities, like districts one's and basin stakeholders, which participle in the financing community safety plans and adminitrative district which are responsible of the transmission of meteorological alert and of rescue actions. In the crossing of the géo-information stemming from the space technology, communication, meteorology, hydraulics and hydrology, Predict-services brings help to local communities in their mission of protection and information to the citizens, for flood problems and helps companies to limit and delete operating losses facing floods. The initiative, developped by BRL, EADS Astrium, in association with Meteo France, has been employed and is functioning on cities of south of France, notably on Montpellier, and also on the scale of catchment area ( BRL is a regional development company, a public private partnership controlled by the local gouvernments of the Languedoc-Roussillon Region). The initiative has to be coordinated with state services to secure continuity and coherence of information. This initiative is developped in dialogue with State services as Météo France, the Ministry for the interior, the Ministry for ecology and the durable development, the Regional Direction of the Environment (DIREN), the Central service of Hydrometeorology and Support to the Forecast of the Floods ( SCHAPI) and service of forecast of rising (SPC). It has been successfully functioning for 5 years with 300 southern cities from South West to South East of France and notably Montpellier and Sommières, famous for it's flood problems on the Vidourle river where no human loss was to regret and where the economic impacts were minimized. Actually developed in cities of South of France, this initiative is to be developed nationaly and very soon internationally. Thanks to the efficiency of it's method, this initiative is also developed in partnership with insurance company involved in prevention actions. After more than 100 events observed and analysed in South of France, the experience gained, allowed PREDICT Services to better anticipate phenomena and also to better manage them. The presentation will expose the feedback of this initiative and lessons learned on risk management.

Moreau, K.; Roumagnac, A.

2009-09-01

90

MSU Safety & Risk Management Page 1 of 2 SAFETY & RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

employee health and workplace risk factors, to ensure that the workplace is not adversely affecting Protection Program.) #12;MSU Safety & Risk Management Page 2 of 2 MSU provides additional medical evaluationsMSU Safety & Risk Management Page 1 of 2 SAFETY & RISK MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY

Dyer, Bill

91

Corporate social reporting and reputation risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the proposition that corporate social responsibility reporting could be viewed as both an outcome of, and part of reputation risk management processes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws heavily on management research. In addition, an image restoration framework is introduced. Findings – The concept of reputation risk management could assist in

Jan Bebbington; Carlos Larrinaga; Jose M. Moneva

2008-01-01

92

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services  

E-print Network

Risk Management Department of Human Resource Services Workers' Compensation Update RETURN TO WORK the treating physician a written release to return to full duty and submit the release to his/her manager or supervisor upon returning to work. The manager or supervisor should fax a copy of the release to Risk

de Lijser, Peter

93

Assessing and managing risks using the Supply Chain Risk Management Process (SCRMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a comprehensive and coherent approach for managing risks in supply chains. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Building on Tummala et al.'s Risk Management Process (RMP), this paper develops a structured and ready-to-use approach for managers to assess and manage risks in supply chains. Findings – Supply chain risks can be managed more effectively

Rao Tummala; Tobias Schoenherr

2011-01-01

94

Managing Risk in a Dynamic World Economy  

E-print Network

This publication provides an overview of the globalization of U.S. agriculture, with special emphasis on implications for risk management. To be successful in a rapidly changing global environment, farmers will need a clear understanding of risk...

Harris, Harold M.; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Rosson, C. Parr

1999-06-23

95

Reliability and validity of the Persian (Farsi) version of the Risk Perception Survey-Diabetes Mellitus.  

PubMed

Knowledge of patients' risk perceptions is essential for the management of chronic diseases. This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of a Persian (Farsi) language translation of the Risk Perception Survey-Diabetes Mellitus. After forward-backward translation the RPS-DM was randomly administered to 106 adult patients with diabetes who were enrolled in a teaching referral clinic in the north of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Rasht). Internal consistency and exploratory factor analysis were applied. The minimum value for internal consistency was 0.50 for risk knowledge and the highest value was 0.88 on the optimistic bias subscale. Principal component analysis showed that the items of the composite risk score matched with the same items in the English language version, except for question numbers 16, 24 and 25. The Persian version of RPS-DM is the first standardized tool for measuring risk perception and knowledge about diabetes complications in the Islamic Republic of Iran. PMID:24950077

Soltanipour, S; Heidarzadeh, A; Jafarinezhad, A

2014-03-01

96

A disaster risk management performance index  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Risk Management Index, RMI, proposed in this paper, brings together a group of indicators that measure risk management\\u000a performance and effectiveness. These indicators reflect the organizational, development, capacity and institutional actions\\u000a taken to reduce vulnerability and losses in a given area, to prepare for crisis and to recover efficiently from disasters.\\u000a This index is designed to assess risk management

Martha Liliana Carreño; Omar Darío Cardona; Alex H. Barbat

2007-01-01

97

Measuring and Evaluating Maintenance Process Using Reliability, Risk, and Test Metrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In analyzing the stability of a software maintenance process, it is important that it is not treated in isolation from the reliability and risk of deploying the software that result from applying the process. Furthermore, we need to consider the efficiency of the test effort that is a part of the process and a determinate of reliability and risk of

Norman F. Schneidewind

1999-01-01

98

Maintenance process and product evaluation using reliability, risk, and test metrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In analyzing the stability of a maintenance process, it is important that it not be treated in isolation from the reliability and risk of deploying the software that result from applying the process. Furthermore, we need to consider the efficiency of the test effort that is a part of the process and a determinate of reliability and risk of deployment.

Norman F. Schneidewind

2002-01-01

99

Measuring and evaluating maintenance process using reliability, risk, and test metrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In analyzing the stability of a maintenance process, it is important that it not be treated in isolation from the reliability and risk of deploying the software that result from applying the process. Furthermore, we need to consider the efficiency of the test effort that is a part of the process and a determinate of reliability and risk of deployment.

Norman F. Schneidewind

1997-01-01

100

Quick Fix for Managing Risks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Under a Phase II SBIR contract, Kennedy and Lumina Decision Systems, Inc., jointly developed the Schedule and Cost Risk Analysis Modeling (SCRAM) system, based on a version of Lumina's flagship software product, Analytica(R). Acclaimed as "the best single decision-analysis program yet produced" by MacWorld magazine, Analytica is a "visual" tool used in decision-making environments worldwide to build, revise, and present business models, minus the time-consuming difficulty commonly associated with spreadsheets. With Analytica as their platform, Kennedy and Lumina created the SCRAM system in response to NASA's need to identify the importance of major delays in Shuttle ground processing, a critical function in project management and process improvement. As part of the SCRAM development project, Lumina designed a version of Analytica called the Analytica Design Engine (ADE) that can be easily incorporated into larger software systems. ADE was commercialized and utilized in many other developments, including web-based decision support.

2002-01-01

101

National Risk Management Research Laboratory Brochure  

EPA Science Inventory

General informational Brochure on the National Risk Management Research Laboratory covering: history; organization; research successes; research areas; strength; and, collaboration and partnerships....

102

Enterprise Risk Management Solutions: A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, financial risk management has received increasing attention from managers in both private and public enterprises, regulatory agencies, and elected officials. The purpose of this research is to prepare a case study of a firm that seeks to ...

D. C. Hays

2008-01-01

103

Risk Perceptions and Risk Management Strategies in French  

E-print Network

for the decrease in the main environmental problems in salmon farming (Asche et al. 1999). Even though implemented by farmers. Bergfjord (2009) thus showed that market risks (demand and future farmed salmon pricesEA 4272 Risk Perceptions and Risk Management Strategies in French Oyster Farming Véronique le Bihan

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

[The management of risks by the global risk analysis].  

PubMed

After a reminder on the fundamental concepts of the management of risk, the author describes the overall analysis of risk (AGR), name given by the author to the up-to-date APR method which after several changes of the initial process aims to cover a perimeter of analysis and broader management both at the level of structural that business risks of any kind throughout the system development life cycle, of the study of its feasibility to dismantling. PMID:23602675

Desroches, A

2013-05-01

105

Overview of Risk Management for Engineered Nanomaterials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Occupational exposure to engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) is considered a new and challenging occurrence. Preliminary information from laboratory studies indicates that workers exposed to some kinds of ENMs could be at risk of adverse health effects. To protect the nanomaterial workforce, a precautionary risk management approach is warranted and given the newness of ENMs and emergence of nanotechnology, a naturalistic view of risk management is useful. Employers have the primary responsibility for providing a safe and healthy workplace. This is achieved by identifying and managing risks which include recognition of hazards, assessing exposures, characterizing actual risk, and implementing measures to control those risks. Following traditional risk management models for nanomaterials is challenging because of uncertainties about the nature of hazards, issues in exposure assessment, questions about appropriate control methods, and lack of occupational exposure limits (OELs) or nano-specific regulations. In the absence of OELs specific for nanomaterials, a precautionary approach has been recommended in many countries. The precautionary approach entails minimizing exposures by using engineering controls and personal protective equipment (PPE). Generally, risk management utilizes the hierarchy of controls. Ideally, risk management for nanomaterials should be part of an enterprise-wide risk management program or system and this should include both risk control and a medical surveillance program that assesses the frequency of adverse effects among groups of workers exposed to nanomaterials. In some cases, the medical surveillance could include medical screening of individual workers to detect early signs of work-related illnesses. All medical surveillance should be used to assess the effectiveness of risk management; however, medical surveillance should be considered as a second line of defense to ensure that implemented risk management practices are effective.

Schulte, P. A.; Geraci, C. L.; Hodson, L. L.; Zumwalde, R. D.; Kuempel, E. D.; Murashov, V.; Martinez, K. F.; Heidel, D. S.

2013-04-01

106

Perspectives on quality control, risk management, and analytical quality management.  

PubMed

Quality control (QC) practices are changing in US laboratories as Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services adopts individualized QC plans as a new option for compliance with the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments regulations. The Joint Commission provides general guidance for applying risk management in health care organizations. The EP23A (Evaluation Protocol 23A) document from the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute provides specific guidance on the use of risk management for developing analytical QC plans. Medical laboratories should integrate risk management tools with existing quality management techniques and activities to provide an overall plan for analytical quality management. PMID:23331725

Westgard, James O

2013-03-01

107

Why separate risk assessors and risk managers? Further external values affecting the risk assessor qua risk assessor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The functional separation of risk assessment and risk management has long been at the heart of risk analysis structures. Equally long it has been criticized for creating technocratic risk management due to valuations being done in the risk assessment to which the stakeholders do not have access. The criticism has mostly been of an ethical nature. Arguably, in separating risk

Niklas Vareman; Johannes Persson

2010-01-01

108

Feedback on flood risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For several years, as floods were increasing in South of France, local communities felt deprive to assume their mission of protection and information of citizens, and were looking for assistance in flood management. In term of flood disaster, the fact is that physical protection is necessary but inevitably limited. Tools and structures of assistance to anticipation remain slightly developed. To manage repeated crisis, local authorities need to be able to base their policy against flood on prevention, warnings, post-crisis analysis and feedback from former experience. In this objective, after 3 years of test and improvement since 2003, the initiative Predict-Services was developped in South of France: it aims at helping communities and companies to face repeated flood crisis. The principle is to prepare emergency plans, to organize crisis management and reduce risks; to help and assist communities and companies during crisis to activate and adapt their emergency plans with enough of anticipation; and to analyse floods effects and improve emergency plans afterwards. In order to reduce risks, and to keep the benefits of such an initiative, local communities and companies have to maintain the awareness of risk of the citizens and employees. They also have to maintain their safety plans to keep them constantly operational. This is a part of the message relayed. Companies, Local communities, local government authorities and basin stakeholders are the decision makers. Companies and local communities have to involve themselves in the elaboration of safety plans. They are also completely involved in their activation that is their own responsability. This applies to other local government authorities, like districts one's and basin stakeholders, which participle in the financing community safety plans and adminitrative district which are responsible of the transmission of meteorological alert and of rescue actions. In the crossing of the géo-information stemming from the space technology, communication, meteorology, hydraulics and hydrology, Predict-services brings help to local communities in their mission of protection and information to the citizens, for flood problems and helps companies to limit and delete operating losses facing floods. The initiative, developped by BRL, EADS Astrium, in association with Meteo France, has been employed and is functioning on cities of south of France, notably on Montpellier, and also on the scale of catchment area( BRL is a regional development company, a public private partnership controlled by the local gouvernments of the Languedoc-Roussillon Region). The initiative has to be coordinated with state services to secure continuity and coherence of information. This initiative is developped in dialogue with State services as Météo France, the Ministry for the interior, the Ministry for ecology and the durable development, the Regional Direction of the Environment (DIREN), the Central service of Hydrometeorology and Support to the Forecast of the Floods ( SCHAPI) and service of forecast of rising (SPC). It has been successfully functioning for 5 years with 300 southern cities from South West to South East of France and notably Montpellier and Sommières, famous for it’s flood problems on the Vidourle river where no human loss was to regret and where the economic impacts were minimized. Actually developed in cities of South of France, this initiative is to be developed nationaly and very soon internationally. Thanks to the efficiency of it’s method, this initiative is also developed in partnership with insurance company involved in prevention actions. The presentation will expose the feedback of this initiative and lessons learned.

Moreau, K.; Roumagnac, A.

2009-09-01

109

Risk and risk assessment in health emergency management.  

PubMed

This article considers the critical roles of risk and risk assessment in the management of health emergencies and disasters. The Task Force on Quality Control of Disaster Management (TFQCDM) has defined risk as the "objective (mathematical) or subjective (inductive) probability that something negative will occur (happen)". Risks with the greatest relevance to health emergency management include: (1) the probability that a health hazard exists or will occur; (2) the probability that the hazard will become an event; (3) the probability that the event will lead to health damage; and (4) the probability that the health damage will lead to a health disaster. The overall risk of a health disaster is the product of these four probabilities. Risk assessments are the tools that help systems at risk-healthcare organizations, communities, regions, states, and countries-transform their visceral reactions to threats into rational strategies for risk reduction. Type I errors in risk assessment occur when situations are predicted that do not occur (risk is overestimated). Type II errors in risk assessment occur when situations are not predicted that do occur (risk is underestimated). Both types of error may have serious, even lethal, consequences. Errors in risk assessment may be reduced through strategies that optimize risk assessment, including the: (1) adoption of the TFQCDM definition of risk and other terms; (2) specification of the system at risk and situations of interest (hazard, event, damage, and health disaster); (3) adoption of a best practice approach to risk assessment methodology; (4) assembly of the requisite range of expert participants and information; (5) adoption of an evidence-based approach to using information; (6) exclusion of biased, irrelevant, and obsolete information; and (7) complete characterizations of any underlying fault and event trees. PMID:16018501

Arnold, Jeffrey L

2005-01-01

110

Integrated Disaster Risk Management of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper firstly introduces the disaster (public security) status quo and situation of China briefly, and then gives a detailed explanation of the integrated disaster risk management system. China is one of the most natural disaster affected countries in the world. The disaster risk reduction work in China includes the pre-disaster decentralized management with separate fields and departments, the in-disaster

Peijun Shi; Jing Liu; Qinghai Yao; Di Tang; Xi Yang

111

42 CFR 441.476 - Risk management.  

42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Risk management. 441.476...Section 441.476 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED...Program § 441.476 Risk management. (a)...

2014-10-01

112

System-oriented supply chain risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to increasing turbulence in global sales and supply markets, today's supply chains are exposed to numerous risks. Companies have discovered that a systematic management of potential incidences, e.g. supplier failures and unexpected demand changes, holds a competitive advantage. However, risk management in global supply chains is very complex. This article contributes to the existing literature by making this complexity

Josef Oehmen; Arne Ziegenbein; Robert Alard; Paul Schönsleben

2009-01-01

113

Philip Mouser Graduate, Risk Management Certificate  

E-print Network

Philip Mouser Graduate, Risk Management Certificate "All of the instructors are industry experts, was recipient of the 2013 Fred H. Bossons Award for the highest Canadian Risk Management Exam scores. 8 201 4 an immediate difference in the profes- sional lives of our learners. With classroom locations across the GTA

Sokolowski, Marla

114

Supply chain risk management and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Purpose,– The purpose,of this paper is to examine,the constructs underpinning,risk management and explores its application in the supply,chain context through,the development,of a framework. The constructs of performance,and,risk are matched,together to provide,new,perspectives,for researchers and practitioners. Design\\/methodology\\/approach,– The,conceptual,and,empirical,work,in the supply,chain management,field and other related fields is employed,to develop a conceptual framework,of supply chain risk management,(SCRM). Risk in the supply chain is

Bob Ritchie; Clare Brindley

115

Risk assessment and risk management implications of hormesis.  

PubMed

International and US radiation protection standards are based upon risk assessment and risk management processes. The assessment of radiation risk is derived from the linear no-threshold (LNT) model. Risk management is based on more subjective value judgements. If the radiation dose-response was found to be hormetic, considerable quantitative data would be needed before current radiation protection standards would change. There would be added complexity, and consideration might have to be given to the additive effects of an individual's exposures to medical radiation and other potential carcinogens. PMID:10715613

Paperiello, C J

2000-01-01

116

Using Replication and Checkpointing for Reliable Task Management in Computational Grids  

E-print Network

ART, which is an Adaptive, Reliable, and fault-Tolerant task management for large grid computingUsing Replication and Checkpointing for Reliable Task Management in Computational Grids Sangho Yi of their resource utilization on grid systems. In this pa- per, we present ART, which is an Adaptive, Reliable

Kondo, Derrick

117

The synergy of quality management & risk management in home care.  

PubMed

For a number of years the health care risk management industry has been addressing unplanned and unanticipated adverse events. Organizations that are proactive in their approach to risk and quality management will have big payoffs in clinical quality improvement, service quality improvement, employee satisfaction, and customer satisfaction. PMID:10160154

Rhinehart, E

1996-09-01

118

System reliability and risk assessment task goals and status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The major focus for continued development of the Numerical Evaluation of Stochastic Structures Under Stress (NESSUS) codes is in support of system testing and certification of advanced propulsion systems. Propulsion system testing has evolved over the years from tests designed to show success, to tests designed to reveal reliability issues before service use. Such test conditions as performance envelope corners, high rotor imbalance, power dwells, and overspeed tests are designed to shake out problems that can be associated with low and high cycle fatigue, creep, and stress rupture, bearing durability, and the like. Subsystem testing supports system certification by standing as an early evaluation of the same durability and reliability concerns as for the entire system. The NESSUS software system is being further developed to support the definition of rigorous subsystem and system test definition and reliability certification. The principal technical issues are outlined which are related to system reliability, including key technology issues such as failure mode synergism, sequential failure mechanisms, and fault tree definition.

Cruse, T. A.; Mahadevan, S.

1991-01-01

119

Advanced reactor instrumentation and control reliability and risk assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced nuclear power reactors will use different approaches to achieving a higher level of safety than the first generation. One approach uses the technological developments in computation and electronics in the form of digital instrumentation and control (I&C) to enhance the reliability and accuracy of information for plant control, responding to the information, and controlling the plant and its systems

R. Fullwood; W. Gunther; J. Valente; M. A. Azarm

1991-01-01

120

Algorithmic Aspects of Risk Management  

E-print Network

and manipulating the assets to limit the consequences. We equate protecting a system with minimizing the risk it faces. The risk is dependent on three factors. The first is the set of threats it faces and their likelihood of occurring. If there are no threats to the system, then it is not at risk. The second factor

Stehr, Mark-Oliver

121

76 FR 2369 - Priorities for Addressing Risks to the Reliability of the Bulk-Power System; Notice of Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Addressing Risks to the Reliability of the Bulk- Power System; Notice of Technical Conference December 16, 2010...discuss policy issues related to reliability of the Bulk-Power System, including priorities for addressing risks to...

2011-01-13

122

PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

September 26, 1997. The Presidential/Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment and Risk Management, which was mandated as part of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, was disbanded on August 31, 1997, with some staff work continuing into September. The reports and asso...

123

THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE VIOLENCE RISK SCALE: A Treatment-Friendly Violence Risk Assessment Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of risk assessment tools that use dynamic variables to predict recidivism and to inform and facilitate violence reduction interventions is the next major challenge in the field of risk assessment and management. This study is the first in a 2-step process to validate the Violence Risk Scale (VRS), a risk assessment tool that integrates violence assessment, prediction, and

Stephen C. P. Wong; Audrey Gordon

2006-01-01

124

Managing the risks of sepsis in pregnancy.  

PubMed

Sepsis is a major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. In the UK, sepsis is now the leading cause of direct maternal deaths. Raising awareness among healthcare professionals about the risks of maternal sepsis and the importance of early management is urgently needed. The challenge in the management of maternal sepsis is the translation of the vast knowledge gained from sequential confidential enquiries into maternal death and research findings, into clinical practice, to ensure an improvement in patient quality of care and maternal mortality and morbidity. In this chapter, I give an overview of the management of the risks of sepsis, and discuss implementation strategies that may reduce these risks. PMID:23639681

Bamfo, Jacqueline E A K

2013-08-01

125

Adaptation of Porter's Five Forces Model to Risk Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Prominent tools for assessing and managing risk include risk cubes, risk burndown charts, and automated risk management software. They are generally lacking, however, in accommodating ideation and brainstorming to identify potential problems. A suggested ...

J. F. Rice

2010-01-01

126

Risk Management: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on risks and challenges of conducting adventure programming in foreign countries. Recommends actions to take before the crisis (involving assumptions, risk evaluation, emergency evacuation plans, awareness of medical-care costs, and foreign communications systems, family procedures plan, briefings); during the crisis (meeting staff and…

Garvey, Daniel

1998-01-01

127

BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PL LDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

That WorkRisk-Reducing Ideas That Work #12;WEIGHING FARM BILL IMPACT · 1 T he 1996 Farm Bill will soon come American farmers; the economic risks that small, medium and large farm operators face; the security of the nation's food supply; farmland values and farm income; the success of ag regulatory relief and tax relief

Florida, University of

128

Risk: assessment, acceptability and management  

SciTech Connect

Risk assessment, particularly of risks to the public health resulting from government and industry decisions, is discussed. Cost/benefit analysis as applied to such situations as human deaths and the contracting of cancer by humans is discussed. The role of government regulations and standards is discussed.

Not Available

1981-01-01

129

Performance Contracting: Successfully Managing the Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details strategies used by community colleges to successfully manage the financial risk inherent in performance contracting. Compares the results of training under the Job Training Partnership Act and California's Employment Training Panel from the perspective of a college administrator. (AYC)

Thor, Linda M.

1987-01-01

130

Biosecurity and risk management for dairy replacements.  

PubMed

Biosecurity, biocontainment, and disease risk management on dairy replacement operations are time- and labor-intensive, planned programs. Oftentimes the value of these programs is realized only after disease is introduced to a facility or a disease outbreak occurs. There is no "one-plan-fits-all;" each plan must be tailored to meet the needs of management's goals and expectations and problems specific to a production enterprise or geographic region. A standard framework applicable to biosecurity programs includes: (1) hazard identification, (2) exposure assessment, (3) risk characterization, and (4) risk management. The discussion presented here helps lay the framework for development and implementation of biosecurity and risk-management programs within dairy replacement facilities. PMID:18299037

Maunsell, Fiona; Donovan, G Arthur

2008-03-01

131

LISTSERVER - NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

To expand and improve communication to stakeholders, the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) has established a listserver to more quickly announce publications, workshops, conferences, and other activities related to NRMRL's research activities. The listserver i...

132

Essays in banking and risk management  

E-print Network

(cont.) Risk Management have begun implementing strategies to provide commodity price and weather insurance in the developing world. In Chapter 3 (joint with Professor Rob Townsend from the University of Chicago), we examine ...

Vickery, James Ian, 1974-

2004-01-01

133

17 CFR 39.13 - Risk management.  

...C) The products share a significant common input; or (D) The prices of the products are influenced by common external factors. (ii) A derivatives...objective and prudent risk management standards including, but not limited to:...

2014-04-01

134

17 CFR 39.13 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...C) The products share a significant common input; or (D) The prices of the products are influenced by common external factors. (ii) A derivatives...objective and prudent risk management standards including, but not limited to:...

2012-04-01

135

17 CFR 39.13 - Risk management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...C) The products share a significant common input; or (D) The prices of the products are influenced by common external factors. (ii) A derivatives...objective and prudent risk management standards including, but not limited to:...

2013-04-01

136

Office of Risk Management Environmental Health Services  

E-print Network

Office of Risk Management Environmental Health Services 141 General Services Fort Collins, Colorado Provost and Director Colorado State University Extension From: Sally Alexander Environmental Health highway, road, or street which physically interferes with the movement of traffic; 5. a dangerous

137

Risk management in waste water treatment.  

PubMed

With the continuous restructuring of the water market due to liberalisation, privatisation and internationalisation processes, the requirements on waste water disposal companies have grown. Increasing competition requires a target-oriented and clearly structured procedure. At the same time it is necessary to meet the environment-relevant legal requirements and to design the processes to be environment-oriented. The implementation of risk management and the integration of such a management instrument in an existing system in addition to the use of modern technologies and procedures can help to make the operation of the waste water treatment safer and consequently strengthen market position. The risk management process consists of three phases, risk identification, risk analysis/risk assessment and risk handling, which are based on each other, as well as of the risk managing. To achieve an identification of the risks as complete as possible, a subdivision of the kind of risks (e.g. legal, financial, market, operational) is suggested. One possibility to assess risks is the portfolio method which offers clear representation. It allows a division of the risks into classes showing which areas need handling. The determination of the appropriate measures to handle a risk (e.g. avoidance, reduction, shift) is included in the concluding third phase. Different strategies can be applied here. On the one hand, the cause-oriented strategy, aiming at preventive measures which aim to reduce the probability of occurrence of a risk (e.g. creation of redundancy, systems with low susceptibility to malfunction). On the other hand, the effect-oriented strategy, aiming to minimise the level of damage in case of an undesired occurrence (e.g. use of alarm systems, insurance cover). PMID:16477971

Wagner, M; Strube, I

2005-01-01

138

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Drought  

E-print Network

overgrazing. Drought Charles R. Hart Associate Professor and Extension Range Specialist, The Texas A&M University Sytem Rangeland Risk Management for Texans E-111 10-00 ? Have a systematic stock reduction plan before droughts occur. Systematically reducing... overgrazing. Drought Charles R. Hart Associate Professor and Extension Range Specialist, The Texas A&M University Sytem Rangeland Risk Management for Texans E-111 10-00 ? Have a systematic stock reduction plan before droughts occur. Systematically reducing...

Hart, Charles R.

2000-11-01

139

Principles of food safety Risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The FAO\\/WHO preliminary Risk management framework and principles are described and discussed. The importance of emerging problems with food-borne pathogenic microorganisms is stressed, as is the importance of development of international co-operation based upon agreed principles in this area. It is argued that Risk management information should move as freely over the borders as food itself. The concept of “target

Jørgen Schlundt

1999-01-01

140

Structural risk management of buildings during erection  

E-print Network

STRUCTURAL RISK MANAGEMENT OF BUILDINGS DURING ERECTION A Thesis by CHARLES STEVEN SIKORSKY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985... camp (Member) Donald Mc (Head of Department) May 1985 STRUCTURAL RISK MANAGEMENT OF BUILDINGS DURING ERECTION. (May 1985) CHARLES STEVEN SIKORSKY, RS. , Lehigh University; M. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Norris...

Sikorsky, Charles Steven

2012-06-07

141

RISK ,S ECURITY, AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract This review examines,the policies and practices that address the evolv- ing conditions of risk, security, and disaster management in U.S. society. Although each condition presents particular challenges to public agencies and the communities they serve, all represent varying states of uncertainty and require different approaches for informed,action. This analysis reframes the issue of managing,risk by focusing on the

Louise K. Comfort

2005-01-01

142

RISK MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

While not ignoring risk, agricultural cooperatives tend to accommodate risk through the holding of internal capital reserves rather than engage in active risk management. A lack of information regarding the risk, returns, and the effect on cooperative financial performance of both traditional and innovative risk management strategies is likely a constraint to the adoption of active risk management by cooperatives.

Mark R. Manfredo; Timothy J. Richards; Scott McDermott

2003-01-01

143

Risk Management for Service-Oriented Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web service technology can be used for integrating hetero- geneous and autonomous applications into cross-organizational systems. A key problem is to support a high quality of service-oriented systems despite vulnerabilities caused by the use of external web services. One important aspect that has received little attention so far is risk manage- ment for such systems. This paper discusses risks peculiar

Natallia Kokash

2007-01-01

144

Risk management, derivatives and shariah compliance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the impressive growth of Islamic Banking and Finance (IBF), a number of weaknesses remain. The most important of this is perhaps the lack of shariah compliant risk management tools. While the risk sharing philosophy of Islamic Finance requires the acceptance of risk to justify returns, the shariah also requires adherents to avoid unnecessary risk-maysir. The requirement to avoid maysir is in essence a call for the prudent management of risk. Contemporary risk management revolves around financial engineering, the building blocks of which are financial derivatives. Despite the proven efficacy of derivatives in the management of risk in the conventional space, shariah scholars appear to be suspicious and uneasy with their use in IBF. Some have imposed outright prohibition of their use. This paper re-examines the issue of contemporary derivative instruments and shariah compliance. The shariah compatibility of derivatives is shown in a number of ways. First, by way of qualitative evaluation of whether derivatives can be made to comply with the key prohibitions of the sharia. Second, by way of comparing the payoff profiles of derivatives with risk sharing finance and Bai Salam contracts. Finally, the equivalence between shariah compliant derivatives like the IPRS and Islamic FX Currency Forwards with conventional ones is presented.

Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath

2013-04-01

145

Judicial Decision Thresholds for Violence Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

To affect violence risk management decisions, it is necessary to apply a decision threshold to the estimates that actuarial violence risk assessments generate. Despite widespread agreement that the choice of decision threshold is a matter of policy rather than of science, no one has actually asked policy makers about their choices. A survey was conducted asking 26 judges where they

John Monahan; Eric Silver

2003-01-01

146

Essential features for proactive risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a proactive approach to the management of occupational health risks in emerging technologies based on six features: qualitative risk assessment; the ability to adapt strategies and refine requirements; an appropriate level of precaution; global applicability; the ability to elicit voluntary cooperation by companies; and stakeholder involvement.

Murashov, Vladimir; Howard, John

2009-08-01

147

Lessons Learned in Risk Management on NCSX  

SciTech Connect

The National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) was designed to test physics principles of an innovative stellarator design developed by the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Construction of some of the major components and sub-assemblies was completed, but the estimated cost and schedule for completing the project grew as the technical requirements and risks became better understood, leading to its cancellation in 2008. The project's risks stemmed from its technical challenges, primarily the complex component geometries and tight tolerances that were required. The initial baseline, established in 2004, was supported by a risk management plan and risk-based contingencies, both of which proved to be inadequate. Technical successes were achieved in the construction of challenging components and subassemblies, but cost and schedule growth was experienced. As part of an effort to improve project performance, a new risk management program was devised and implemented in 2007-08. It led to a better understanding of project risks, a sounder basis for contingency estimates, and improved management tools. Although the risks ultimately were unacceptable to the sponsor, valuable lessons in risk management were learned through the experiences with the NCSX project.

G.H. Neilson, C.O. Gruber, J.H. Harris, D.J. Rej, R.T. Simmons, and R.L. Strykowsky

2009-02-11

148

Driving forces and risk management  

EPA Science Inventory

From a public health perspective, food safety is the overall goal and there are two distinct areas where interventions to this end can take place ? either pre- or post-harvest. In pre-harvest, water quality management is the focus whereas post-harvest quality management depends ...

149

Managing the risks of IBD therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful management of the patient with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves not only the induction and maintenance\\u000a of remission, but also the optimization of the benefit-to-risk equation to achieve the greatest gain in quality of life. These\\u000a risks range from intolerance to prescribed medications to potentially life-threatening sequelae (eg, sepsis) of immune suppression.\\u000a A proper awareness of risk on the

Cynthia H. Seow; Shanika de Silva; Gilaad G. Kaplan; Shane M. Devlin; Subrata Ghosh; Remo Panaccione

2009-01-01

150

Information needs for risk management/communication  

SciTech Connect

The hazardous waste cleanup program under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund) is delegated to the ten Regions of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and has, to date, identified more than 33,000 sites for consideration. The size and complexity of the program places great demands on those who would provide information to achieve national consistency in application of risk assessment while meeting site-specific needs for risk management and risk communication.

Bennett, D.A. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

1990-12-31

151

Decision Support and Risk Management  

E-print Network

planning and risk analysis tools, Restore provides an intuitive, graphical, and object-oriented environment-water separators at underground storage facilities. Work is also being performed for the US Environmental

152

Managing Risk on the Final Frontier  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) has combined the Continuous Risk Management (CRM) discipline with innovative knowledge management (KM) practices to more effectively enable the accomplishment of work. CRM enables proactive problem identification and problem solving in the complex world of rocket science. while KM is used to improve this process.

Lengyel, David M.; Newman, J. S.

2009-01-01

153

Evaluation Of Load Management Effects Using The Opcon Generation Reliability Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes an evaluation of the effects of load management on system reliability with explicit treatment of changes in unit and system operating conditions brought about by changes in the system load cycle. The study was conducted using the OPCON generating system reliability model whose methodology and features are described. Comparisons of reliability indices computed using OPCON and traditional

A. D. Patton; C. Singh

1984-01-01

154

Managing the microbiological risks of drinking water.  

PubMed

The microbiological contamination of drinking water supplies can have serious health consequences for consumers, and this has been dramatically illustrated in recent years by two disease outbreaks in Canada. In this paper, some factors that can influence the microbiological quality of drinking water and its management are examined. Frameworks have been proposed that help to clarify the main elements of health risk assessment and risk management, and, in accordance with these, risks can be logically characterized, evaluated and controlled. A protocol has been developed for microbiological risk assessment and a risk management framework now guides the development of Canada's national guidelines for drinking-water quality. Monitoring of indicator organisms and the application of adequate water treatment are the primary means recommended in the Canadian guidelines to safeguard health from the presence of water-borne pathogens. Understanding the biological characteristics of microbial pathogens is necessary for assessing their impact on community health and appraising the rationale behind drinking-water testing methods and their limitations. Improvements in health surveillance, monitoring, and risk characterization and application of concepts such as multiple barriers (source-to-tap) and total quality management should contribute to better management of the microbiological quality of drinking water. PMID:15371204

Krewski, Daniel; Balbus, John; Butler-Jones, David; Haas, Charles; Isaac-Renton, Judith; Roberts, Kenneth; Sinclair, Martha

155

(Environmental and disaster management risk analysis)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler attended workshops on Environmental and Disaster Management Risk Analysis in New Delhi and Jaipur, India. The objective of the workshops was to provide technical knowledge to Indians in the areas of environmental planning, industrial hazards, risk analysis, and disaster management. Conference participants identified the following top priorities to aid in the development of environmental and disaster management in India: (1) technology transfer in the area of atmospheric dispersion modelling, (2) increased training of scientific personnel to effectively deal with environmental problems, and (3) access to data bases on toxicological properties of chemicals.

Travis, C.C.

1990-01-03

156

Research about online security warning and risk assessment of power grid based on Energy Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, online security warning and risk assessment of power grid are proposed, based on date from Energy Management System(EMS), combined with information about real-time operation state, component status and external operating environment. It condenses the two factors, contingency likelihood and severity, that determine system reliability, into risk indices on different loads and operation modes, which provide precise evaluation

Wang Hanyun; Wang Kangyuan; Zhang Yunxiao; Mei Guoqiang; Wu Mingming

2010-01-01

157

Relating Risk and Reliability Predictions to Design and Development Choices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this context there are many possible assurance activities. Some focus on the prevention of defects - for example, up-front planning, adoption of design standards, configuration management, training, etc. Others focus on the detection of defects - either to detect latent defects in a system (and so be able to correct them before actual deployment of the system), or to increase confidence that such defects are not present. For example, a wide gamut of reviews, design walkthroughs, tests, inspections, analyses, etc. can be applied to systems and their components.

Feather, Martin S.; Cornford, Steven L.

2006-01-01

158

10 Commandments of Risk Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives 10 strategies and examples for camp crisis-management: a written, implemented emergency plan; clear, honest communication; trained staff; good community relationships; learning from experience; knowing the local environment; preparing for the media; considering long-term impacts; avoiding adverse effects; and recognizing good things that…

Dworken, Bari S.

1998-01-01

159

EWO Meeting, Mar. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management  

E-print Network

EWO Meeting, Mar. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management Risk Management for Chemical Supply Chain, PA Risk Management Chemical Supply chain: an integrated network of business units for the supply: managing the risks in supply chain planning · Chemical Supply Chain Planning Costs billions of dollars

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

160

MSU Safety & Risk Management Page 1 of 7 SAFETY & RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

or exceeds the required level of employee protection by using the assigned protection factors (APFs) listedMSU Safety & Risk Management Page 1 of 7 SAFETY & RISK MANAGEMENT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY PROGRAM Respiratory Protection RESPONSIBILITIES The MSU Respiratory Protection Program requirements have

Dyer, Bill

161

RISK MANAGEMENT OF SEDIMENT STRESS: A FRAMEWORK FOR SEDIMENT RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

Research related to the ecological risk management of sediment stress in watersheds is placed under a common conceptual framework in order to help promote the timely advance of decision support methods for aquatic resource managers and watershed-level planning. The proposed risk ...

162

Case histories in pharmaceutical risk management.  

PubMed

The development and implementation of programs in the U.S. to minimize risks and assess unintended consequences of new medications has been increasingly required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since the mid 1990s. This paper provides four case histories of risk management and post-marketing surveillance programs utilized recently to address problems associated with possible abuse, dependence and diversion. The pharmaceutical sponsors of each of these drugs were invited to present their programs and followed a similar template for their summaries that are included in this article. The drugs and presenting companies were OxyContin, an analgesic marketed by Purdue Pharma L.P., Daytrana and Vyvanse, ADHD medications marketed by Shire Pharmaceuticals, Xyrem for narcolepsy marketed by Jazz Pharmaceuticals, and Subutex and Suboxone for opioid dependence marketed by Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals Inc. These case histories and subsequent discussions provide invaluable real-world examples and illustrate both the promise of risk management programs in providing a path to market and/or for keeping on the market drugs with serious potential risks. They also illustrate the limitations of such programs in actually controlling unintended consequences, as well as the challenge of finding the right balance of reducing risks without posing undue barriers to patient access. These experiences are highly relevant as the FDA increasingly requires pharmaceutical sponsors to develop and implement the more formalized and enforceable versions of the risk management term Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS). PMID:19767156

McCormick, Cynthia G; Henningfield, Jack E; Haddox, J David; Varughese, Sajan; Lindholm, Anders; Rosen, Susan; Wissel, Janne; Waxman, Deborah; Carter, Lawrence P; Seeger, Vickie; Johnson, Rolley E

2009-12-01

163

Role of LEPCs in risk management and risk communication  

SciTech Connect

Under Section 112(r) of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to develop regulations that would require development and implementation of risk management programs at facilities that manufacture, process, use, store, or otherwise handle regulated substances in quantities that exceed specified threshold quantities. On January 31, 1994, EPA published the final rule establishing the List of Regulated Substances and Thresholds for Accidental Release Prevention. The proposed rule will require covered facilities to develop and implement a risk management program. The proposed rule will also require facilities to communicate various information to the local emergency planning committee (LEPC). This information may be provided in the form of consultation and communication during the development of various elements of the risk management program and/or by providing access to the risk management plan (RMP). These requirements not only place an additional regulatory burden on facilities but also create the need for the LEPCs to start planning for strategies to deal with significant amount of technical information in a meaningful and effective manner. This paper presents a summary of EPA`s proposed rule, the role of LEPCs in the implementation of many aspects of the rule, and a description of the potential contents of an RMP. Covered facilities as well as the LEPCs may gain a significant advantage by engaging in early dialogue and proactive education to determine mutual needs.

Mannan, M. [RMT/Jones and Neuse, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

164

Product development risk management and the role of transparency  

E-print Network

Risks in product development lead to schedule and cost over-runs and poor product quality. While numerous risk management frameworks have been published and research on specific risk management practices and methods has ...

Olechowski, Alison L. (Alison Louise)

2012-01-01

165

Reliability of risk assessment measures used in sexually violent predator proceedings.  

PubMed

The field interrater reliability of three assessment tools frequently used by mental health professionals when evaluating sex offenders' risk for reoffending--the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-Revised (MnSOST-R) and the Static-99-was examined within the context of sexually violent predator program proceedings. Rater agreement was highest for the Static--99 (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC?] = .78) and lowest for the PCL-R (ICC? = .60; MnSOST-R ICC? = .74), although all instruments demonstrated lower field reliability than that reported in their test manuals. Findings raise concerns about the reliability of risk assessment tools that are used to inform judgments of risk in high-stake sexually violent predator proceedings. Implications for future research and suggestions for improving evaluator training to increase accuracy when informing legal decision making are discussed. PMID:22563984

Miller, Cailey S; Kimonis, Eva R; Otto, Randy K; Kline, Suzonne M; Wasserman, Adam L

2012-12-01

166

Predicting and Managing Supply Chain Risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the start of the new century the world at large has experienced escalating uncertainty as a result of climate changes,\\u000a epidemics, terrorist threats and an increasing amount of economic upheaval. These uncertainties create risks for the proper\\u000a functioning of supply chains. This chapter provides an insight into developing a proactive approach to predict risks and manage\\u000a uncertainties that may

Samir Dani

167

Vaginal cuff dehiscence: Risk factors and management  

PubMed Central

Vaginal cuff dehiscence and evisceration are rare but serious complications of pelvic surgery, specifically hysterectomy. The data on risks of vaginal cuff dehiscence are variable and there is no consensus on how to manage this complication. In our review, we present a summary of the risk factors, presenting symptoms, precipitating events, and management options for patients who present with vaginal cuff dehiscence after pelvic surgery. In addition, we provide a review of the current literature on this important surgical outcome and suggestions for future research on the incidence and prevention of vaginal cuff dehiscence. PMID:21974989

Cronin, Beth; Sung, Vivian W.; Matteson, Kristen A.

2011-01-01

168

Initiating and managing risk assessments within a risk analysis framework: FDA/CFSAN'S practical approach.  

PubMed

Management of risk analysis involves the integration and coordination of activities associated with risk assessment, risk management, and risk communication. Risk analysis is used to guide regulatory decision making, including trade decisions at national and international levels. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) formed a working group to evaluate and improve the quality and consistency of major risk assessments conducted by the Center. Drawing on risk analysis experiences, CFSAN developed a practical framework for initiating and managing risk assessments, including addressing issues related to (i) commissioning a risk assessment, (ii) interactions between risk managers and risk assessors, and (iii) peer review. PMID:15453602

Buchanan, Robert L; Dennis, Sherri; Miliotis, Marianne

2004-09-01

169

RISK COMMUNICATION AS A RISK MANAGEMENT TOOL: A RISK COMMUNICATION WORKBOOK  

EPA Science Inventory

Communicating information about environmental risk to the people most affected by it is one of the major challenges faced by risk managers and community decision makers. Changing human behavior is a far more complex task than designing water retention systems or managing storm wa...

170

NGNP Risk Management through Assessing Technology Readiness  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project life cycle, technical risks are identified, analyzed, and mitigated and decisions are made regarding the design and selection of plant and sub-system configurations, components and their fabrication materials, and operating conditions. Risk resolution and decision making are key elements that help achieve project completion within budget and schedule constraints and desired plant availability. To achieve this objective, a formal decision-making and risk management process was developed for NGNP, based on proven systems engineering principles that have guided aerospace and military applications.

John W. Collins

2010-08-01

171

Risk management of key issues of FPSO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk analysis of key systems have become a growing topic late of because of the development of offshore structures. Equipment failures of offloading system and fire accidents were analyzed based on the floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) features. Fault tree analysis (FTA), and failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) methods were examined based on information already researched on modules of relex reliability studio (RRS). Equipment failures were also analyzed qualitatively by establishing a fault tree and Boolean structure function based on the shortage of failure cases, statistical data, and risk control measures examined. Failure modes of fire accident were classified according to the different areas of fire occurrences during the FMEA process, using risk priority number (RPN) methods to evaluate their severity rank. The qualitative analysis of FTA gave the basic insight of forming the failure modes of FPSO offloading, and the fire FMEA gave the priorities and suggested processes. The research has practical importance for the security analysis problems of FPSO.

Sun, Liping; Sun, Hai

2012-12-01

172

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE CORK RISK MANAGEMENT POLICY  

E-print Network

Higher Education Authority Code of Governance of Irish Universities 2 Higher education Funding Council for the governance of the University lies ultimately with the Governing Body. Governance is the system by which.2 The HEA Code of Governance of Irish Universities emphasises the importance of Risk Management to good

Schellekens, Michel P.

173

UTILITY DATA ARCHIVING FOR RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA let a contract for a consultant to collect information about historical changes in operations and maintenance, design and construction, and planning and siting for water and wastewater infrastructure. The goal of this research study is to determine risk management alternativ...

174

A Roundtable Overview Managing Enterprise Risk  

E-print Network

for identifying, managing and mitigating enterprise risk. This Roundtable was hosted by Nike. CIOs were joined and academics participating were from Nike, Inc., Providence Health & Services, Sysco Corporation, Tenaris, Time -- and perhaps even creating "markets for good behavior" ..............12, 13, 14 Build a resilient enterprise

Shepherd, Simon

175

Urban Diagnosis and Integrated Disaster Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the need for integrated disaster risk management (IDRM) as a novel perspective for dealing with 21 st century's disaster prevention in both Japan and China, and all over the world. When cities are focused, the methodological leverage of \\

Norio OKADA

176

Multiattribute Risk Analysis in Nuclear Emergency Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The radiation protection authorities have seen a potential for applying multi-attribute risk analysis in nuclear emergency management and planning to deal with the conflicting objectives, different parties involved, and uncertainties. This type of approach is expected to help in at least the following three areas: to ensure that all the relevant attributes are considered in the decision making; to enhance

Raimo P. Hamalainen; Mats R. K. Lindstedt; Kari Sinkko

2000-01-01

177

Managing Disruptions in Decentralized Supply Chains with Endogenous Supply Process Reliability  

E-print Network

Managing Disruptions in Decentralized Supply Chains with Endogenous Supply Process Reliability 55455 guptad@me.umn.edu October 1, 2012 #12;Managing Disruptions in Decentralized Supply Chains managers because supply chains have become longer and price competition is driving firms to purchase from

Gupta, Diwakar

178

Challenges of secure and reliable data management in heterogeneous environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ubiquitous computing is getting more important since requirements for complex systems grow fast. In these systems, embedded devices have to fulfill different tasks. They have to monitor the environment, store data, communicate with other devices, and react to user input. In addition to this complexity, quality issues such as security and reliability have to be considered, as well, due to

Norbert Siegmund; Janet Feigenspan; Michael Soffner; Jana Fruth; Veit Köppen

2010-01-01

179

Coupling hydrologic and hydraulic modelling for reliable flood risk mitigation activities in the Upper-Medium Tiber River basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In view of the recent and serious flood events occurred in latest years in Italy, the interest towards accurate methodology for the evaluation of flood prone areas is continually increasing. In particular, this issue is related to urbanization planning activities, civil protection actions (e.g. hydraulic risk warning systems), and the assessment of hydraulic engineering structures behaviour during severe hydrometeorological conditions. In Italy, following the publishing in the late 90's of many laws and regulations concerning hydraulic risk assessment matters, a widespread flooding areas mapping have been carried out (Italian Basin Authorities "PAI" plans). In case of limited availability of historical peak flow data, the flood prone areas estimation was based on the application of hydrologic and hydraulic modelling separately. Moreover, the recent directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of flood risks requires from each member state: preliminary flood risk assessment (within December 2011), flood hazard maps and flood risk maps (within December 2013), flood risk management plans (within December 2015). In order to prevent and control flood events in medium-small river basins (e.g. Upper Tiber River basin, Central Italy), the use of hydrologic models coupled with hydraulic ones can be a valuable tool also for real time applications, such as flood risk mitigation and warning activities of the Italian National Warning System Network (composed by regional "Functional Centres" coordinated by the National Civil Protection Department). In this context, two significant flood events occurred in November 2005 and December 2008 in the Umbria Region territory were considered. In this area a hydrometeorological network, characterized by a high temporal and spatial resolution, is operating in real time. Different coupled models were considered to reproduce the selected events, in order to test and compare their reliability and efficiency. Specifically, two semi-distributed models (MISD model and HEC-HMS model) and two hydraulic models (DHI-MIKE11 and HEC-RAS) were chosen and applied in the Tiber River at Monte Molino section (5270 km2). After the calibrating procedure, the models were used to produce floodplain maps and then for the delineation of dynamic flood hazard and risk scenarios, useful for real-time risk management. The proposed calibration procedure was found to be characterized by a strong reliability due to the fact that a lot of information are available for the two chosen events. In particular, there were detailed hydrometeorological data, such as rainfall records in most of the pluviometric stations located in the basin and hydrometric levels collected in more than one point along the main channel reach. Moreover, from the local "territorial presidium" it was possible to collect non-instrumental information, such as the number and location of embankment failures and other direct observations. Lastly, for these events remote sensing observations of actual flooded areas were also available. Together with hydrometric recorded levels and computed discharges (disposing of reliable rating curves yearly controlled), these last information were extremely useful during the calibration process. Final results showed how useful this tool is for reliable flood risk mitigation activities (mapping and risk assessment as well as real time applications) especially when inundations occur.

Berni, N.; Brocca, L.; Giustarini, L.; Pandolfo, C.; Stelluti, M.; Melone, F.; Moramarco, T.

2009-04-01

180

Consumer responses to communication about food risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent emphasis within policy circles has been on transparent communication with consumers about food risk management decisions and practices. As a consequence, it is important to develop best practice regarding communication with the public about how food risks are managed. In the current study, the provision of information about regulatory enforcement, proactive risk management, scientific uncertainty and risk variability were

Heleen van Dijk; Julie Houghton; Ellen van Kleef; Ivo van der Lans; Gene Rowe; Lynn Frewer

2008-01-01

181

Extended Editorial: Research and Education in Reliability, Maintenance, Quality Control, Risk and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a special theme journal issue on research and education in quality control, maintenance, reliability, risk analysis, and safety. Discusses each of these theme concepts and their applications to naval architecture, marine engineering, and industrial engineering. Considers the effects of the rapid transfer of research results through…

Ramalhoto, M. F.

1999-01-01

182

Validation of a brief, reliable scale to measure knowledge about the health risks associated with obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Obesity represents a serious threat to health through its association with conditions such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease and certain types of cancer. Knowledge regarding risk to health is an important determinant of behaviour and is the focus of many health education strategies. To the authors’ knowledge, there is no valid and reliable measure of knowledge regarding

J A Swift; C Glazebrook; I Macdonald

2006-01-01

183

Reliability of Risk Assessment Measures Used in Sexually Violent Predator Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field interrater reliability of three assessment tools frequently used by mental health professionals when evaluating sex offenders' risk for reoffending--the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-Revised (MnSOST-R) and the Static-99--was examined within the context of sexually violent predator…

Miller, Cailey S.; Kimonis, Eva R.; Otto, Randy K.; Kline, Suzonne M.; Wasserman, Adam L.

2012-01-01

184

A risk management initiative implemented in Canada.  

PubMed

This paper describes recent initiatives in Canada that lead to a new regulation on environmental emergencies under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999. The regulation includes a list of hazardous substances with threshold quantities. It has requirements for prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. The regulation is based on voluntary guidelines developed by industry, public authorities, municipalities and representatives of the public. The guidelines are a reference for industry and municipalities to help them manage risk related to major industrial accidents. The guidelines released in July 2002 are innovative in the sense that municipalities are strongly involved in the risk management process through the creation of Local Emergency Planning Committees (Joint Committees) with representatives from industry, municipalities and public. This work appears as a relevant approach to involve the public in the decision-making process and makes people aware of the hazards and the measures taken to control risk. PMID:16125308

Lacoursiere, J P

2006-03-31

185

Workplace assessment of targeted violence risk: the development and reliability of the WAVR-21.  

PubMed

This study describes the development of the WAVR-21, a structured professional judgment guide for the assessment of workplace targeted violence, and presents initial interrater reliability results. The 21-item instrument codes both static and dynamic risk factors and change, if any, over time. Five critical items or red flag indicators assess violent motives, ideation, intent, weapons skill, and pre-attack planning. Additional items assess the contribution of mental disorder, negative personality factors, situational factors, and a protective factor. Eleven raters each rated 12 randomly assigned cases from actual files of workplace threat scenarios. Summary interrater reliability correlation coefficients (ICCs) for overall presence of risk factors, risk of violence, and seriousness of the violent act were in the fair to good range, similar to other structured professional judgment instruments. A subgroup of psychologists who were coders produced an ICC of 0.76 for overall presence of risk factors. Some of the individual items had poor reliability for both clinical and statistical reasons. The WAVR-21 appears to improve the structuring and organizing of empirically based risk-relevant data and may enhance communication and decision making. PMID:23865721

Meloy, J Reid; White, Stephen G; Hart, Stephen

2013-09-01

186

The Paradoxes of Military Risk Assessment: Will the Enterprise Risk Assessment Model, Composite Risk Management and Associated  

E-print Network

The Paradoxes of Military Risk Assessment: Will the Enterprise Risk Assessment Model, Composite, Risk Assessment; Military Systems Engineering. Abstract Risk management provides the most important single framework for strategic, tactical and operational decision making across the US Military

Johnson, Chris

187

Managing Suicide Risk in Patients with Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

The management of suicide risk in patients with schizophrenia poses many challenges for clinicians. Compared with the general population, these patients have an 8.5-fold greater risk of suicide. This article reviews the literature dealing with the treatment of at-risk patients with schizophrenia. An integrated psychosocial and pharmacological approach to managing this population of patients is recommended. Although there is at least modest evidence suggesting that antipsychotic medications protect against suicidal risk, the evidence appears to be most favourable for second-generation antipsychotics, particularly clozapine, which is the only medication approved by the US FDA for preventing suicide in patients with schizophrenia. In addition, treating depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia is an important component of suicide risk reduction. While selective serotonin receptor inhibitors (SSRIs) ameliorate depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia, they also appear to attenuate suicidal thoughts. Further research is needed to more effectively personalize the treatment of suicidal thoughts and behaviours and the prevention of suicide in patients with schizophrenia. PMID:21254789

Kasckow, John; Felmet, Kandi; Zisook, Sidney

2011-01-01

188

Breast cancer and spaceflight: risk and management.  

PubMed

Spaceflight exposes astronauts to a host of environmental factors which could increase their risk for cancer. Epidemiological studies have shown an increased incidence of breast cancer in female commercial flight attendants, with occupational risk factors as one of the proposed mechanisms for the higher incidence in this cohort. Since female astronauts are exposed to similar occupational conditions as flight attendants, they too may be at an increased risk for breast cancer. With the planning of exploration class missions to the Moon and to Mars it is important to assess and minimize the risk for breast malignancy, and to have a well-defined protocol for the diagnosis and treatment of a breast mass discovered during a mission. Risk factors for development of breast cancer in the female astronaut include ionizing radiation, disrupted melatonin homeostasis secondary to circadian shifting, chemical exposure, and changes in immune function. Preflight, in-flight, and postflight screening and management modalities include imaging and fine needle aspiration (FNA). Employing such a strategy may provide a viable management approach in the case of a newly diagnosed breast mass inflight. PMID:17511296

Barr, Yael R; Bacal, Kira; Jones, Jeffrey A; Hamilton, Douglas R

2007-04-01

189

Managing the risks of ADHD treatments.  

PubMed

Pharmacotherapy of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a well-established and effective treatment modality. However, ADHD medications are not without side effects. Understanding the prevalence of adverse events and effective management of risks associated with stimulants and other medications used to treat ADHD is central to broad applicability and effective treatment. This review discusses the literature on the prevalence of adverse events and management strategies employed. We searched online MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane databases for articles using several keywords relating to adverse events associated with ADHD medication management. We discuss the relevant data on the significance and prevalence of side effects and adverse events, highlight recent updates in the field, and suggest approaches to clinical management. PMID:25135779

Schneider, Benjamin N; Enenbach, Michael

2014-10-01

190

Risk Analysis Related to Quality Management Principles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efficient and effective implementation of quality management principles asks for a responsible approach from top managers' perspectives. A study of the current state of affairs in Czech organizations discovers a lot of shortcomings in this field that can be changed to vary managerial risks. The article identifies and analyses some of them and gives short guidance for appropriate treatment. Text of the article reflects the authors' experience as well as knowledge obtained from the systematic analysis of industrial companies' environments.

Vykydal, David; Halfarová, Petra; Nenadál, Jaroslav; Plura, Ji?í; Hekelová, Edita

2012-12-01

191

Novel Threat-risk Index Using Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Human Reliability Analysis - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

In support of a national need to improve the current state-of-the-art in alerting decision makers to the risk of terrorist attack, a quantitative approach employing scientific and engineering concepts to develop a threat-risk index was undertaken at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). As a result of this effort, a set of models has been successfully integrated into a single comprehensive model known as Quantitative Threat-Risk Index Model (QTRIM), with the capability of computing a quantitative threat-risk index on a system level, as well as for the major components of the system. Such a threat-risk index could provide a quantitative variant or basis for either prioritizing security upgrades or updating the current qualitative national color-coded terrorist threat alert.

George A. Beitel

2004-02-01

192

Impact of demographics on supply chain risk management practices  

E-print Network

Do demographic factors play a role in the choice of supply chain risk management practices by supply chain professionals? Are there stronger relationships between certain demographic factors and supply chain risk management ...

Kanyagui, Kenneth (Kenneth K.)

2010-01-01

193

Industrial Energy Efficiency as a Risk Management Strategy  

E-print Network

Industry utilizes risk management as a tool in efforts to maximize the bottom line. Industry embraced risk management strategies in the 1960s and since then it has become a key component of a comprehensive business strategy. Peter Fusaro, author...

Naumoff, C.; Shipley, A. M.

2007-01-01

194

OVERVIEW OF THE INTRAMURAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will provide a summary of the risk management portion of ORD's endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) research program, including its motivation, goals, planning efforts and resulting research areas. In an emerging research area like EDCs, risk management ...

195

Perceiving and managing business risks: differences between entrepreneurs and bankers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compared entrepreneurs with bankers in their perception and management of a variety of risks. Problems included financial risk, risk to human life and health, and risk of a natural disaster. Cluster analysis and content analysis of think-aloud protocols revealed surprising details. Entrepreneurs accept risk as given and focus on controlling the outcomes at any given level of risk; they

D. K. Sarasvathy; Herbert A. Simon; Lester Lave

1998-01-01

196

Quality assurance and risk management in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality-control (QC) taskforce for the Japanese Society of Radiological Technology assesses QC activities found in radiology\\u000a departments throughout Japan by way of questionnaires sent out to nearly 500 hospitals. The average response rate is 44%.\\u000a With the data collected from the questionnaires, the problems seen in Japanese hospitals, in terms of QC and risk management,\\u000a are identified, and suggestions

N. Sato

1994-01-01

197

JOINT TECHNICAL COMMITTEE OB/7- RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

Why a new standard? • Was due for update in 2009 • The most widely used global RM Standard ISO 31000 is a paramount standard • Like 9000 and 14000 • Will guide all other ISO/IEC standards with respect to RM process • Will replace national RM standards ISO Guide 73 • Global vocabulary of risk management terms • Being re-written by same WG, in parallel with ISO 31000

Kevin W Knight Am

198

Risk Management in ETS-8 Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Engineering Test Satellite - 8 (ETS-8) is the Japanese largest geo-synchronous satellite of 3 tons in mass, of which mission is mobile communications and navigation experiment. It is now in the flight model manufacturing phase. This paper introduces the risk management taken in this project as a reference. The mission success criteria of ETS-8 are described at first. All the risk management activities are planned taking these criteria into consideration. ETS-8 consists of many new technologies such as the large deployable antenna (19m x 17m), 64-bit MPU, 100 V solar paddle and so on. We have to pay attention to control these risk through each phase of development. In system design of ETS - 8, almost components have redundancy and there is some back-up function to avoid fatal failure. What kind of back-up function should be taken is one of the hot issues in this project. The consideration process is described as an actual case. In addition to conventional risk management procedure, FMEA and identification of the critical items so on, we conducted the validation experiment in space by use of a scale model that was launched on Ariane 5. The decision to conduct this kind of experiment is taken after evaluation between risk and cost, because it takes a lot of resources of project. The effect of this experiment is also presented. Failure detection, isolation and reconfiguration in the flight software are more important as the satellite system becomes large and complicated. We did the independent verification and validation to the software. Some remarks are noted with respect to its effectiveness.

Homma, M.

2002-01-01

199

Risk assessment and risk management among severely mentally ill patients requiring hospitalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospital admission is often precipitated by an increased risk to self or others and therefore it is practice to conduct an adequate assessment of risk in order to develop appropriate risk management plans. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of risk assessment and management among general psychiatric inpatients. To determine which risk factors are most likely

Maria Rizzo; Shubulade Smith

2012-01-01

200

A review of enterprise supply chain risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews enterprise risk management practices in the context of supply chains. Starting with the importance of managing\\u000a supply chain risks, the paper established the benefits of managing risks using an enterprise-wise integrated approach. The\\u000a rest of the paper then presents a practical framework for enterprises to manage risks in their extended supply chains.

Dailun Shi

2004-01-01

201

Ecological risk assessment benefits environmental management  

SciTech Connect

The ecological risk assessment process in its ideal form is an unbiased approach for assessing the probability of harm to the environment as a consequence of a given action. This information can then be combined with other societal values and biases in the management of such risks. However, as the process currently is understood, decision makers often are accused of manipulating information in order to generate decisions or achieve buy in from the public in support of a particular political agenda. A clear understanding of the nature of the risk management process can help define areas where information should be free from social or personal bias, and areas where values and judgments are critical. The authors do not propose to discuss the individual`s decision-making process, but rather to address the social process of risk communication and environmentally-related decision-making, identifying which parts of that process require bias-free, scientifically generated information about the consequences of various actions and which parts need an understanding of the social values which underlie the informed choices among those possible actions.

Fairbrother, A.; Kapustka, L.A.; Williams, B.A. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States); Glicken, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-12-31

202

Risk-management and risk-analysis-based decision tools for attacks on electric power.  

PubMed

Incident data about disruptions to the electric power grid provide useful information that can be used as inputs into risk management policies in the energy sector for disruptions from a variety of origins, including terrorist attacks. This article uses data from the Disturbance Analysis Working Group (DAWG) database, which is maintained by the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), to look at incidents over time in the United States and Canada for the period 1990-2004. Negative binomial regression, logistic regression, and weighted least squares regression are used to gain a better understanding of how these disturbances varied over time and by season during this period, and to analyze how characteristics such as number of customers lost and outage duration are related to different characteristics of the outages. The results of the models can be used as inputs to construct various scenarios to estimate potential outcomes of electric power outages, encompassing the risks, consequences, and costs of such outages. PMID:17640207

Simonoff, Jeffrey S; Restrepo, Carlos E; Zimmerman, Rae

2007-06-01

203

Developing a Common Language About IT Risk Management  

E-print Network

Although IT risks can have wide-ranging business consequences, few executives feel comfortable discussing IT risk management. It doesn’t have to be this way. Executive-level tradeoffs around IT risk are managerial, not ...

Westerman, George

2009-06-01

204

CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management  

E-print Network

Page 1 CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management MAILING ADDRESS 9001 Stockdale Hwy Juli A. Smith, CIH Director of Safety & Risk Management (661) 654-2066 jsmith101@csub.edu Risk Management, Environmental Health & Safety Director of Human Resources 661-381-0715 Sheila Barela EH

de Lijser, Peter

205

Risk Management Policy INTERNAL AUDIT Purpose of this document  

E-print Network

Risk Management Policy INTERNAL AUDIT SERVICE 1 Sept 2008 Purpose of this document 1. This risk management policy forms part of the University's internal control and corporate governance arrangements. 2. The policy explains the University's underlying approach to risk management, documents the roles

Banaji,. Murad

206

Consumer Evaluations of Food Risk Management Quality in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing and implementing appropriate food risk management strategies, it is important to understand how consumers evaluate the quality of food risk management practices. The aim of this study is to model the underlying psychological factors influencing consumer evaluations of food risk management quality using structural equation modeling techniques (SEM), and to examine the extent to which the influence of

Kleef van E; J. R. Houghton; A. Krystallis; U. Pfenning; G. Rowe; Dijk van H; Lans van der I. A; L. J. Frewer

2007-01-01

207

14 CFR 117.7 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 117.7 Section...MEMBERS (EFF. 1-4-14) § 117.7 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...part unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System that...

2013-01-01

208

14 CFR 121.473 - Fatigue risk management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fatigue risk management system. 121.473...Domestic Operations § 121.473 Fatigue risk management system. (a) No...subpart unless approved by the FAA under a Fatigue Risk Management System. (b)...

2013-01-01

209

EWO Meeting, Sep. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management  

E-print Network

. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management Chemical Supply chain: an integrated network of business units · Objective: managing uncertainties and risks in chemical supply chain planning by using optimization Meeting, Sep. 2008, Pittsburgh, PA Risk Management · Major Challenges Large scale supply chain network

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

210

Optimizing Buffer Management for Reliable Multicast Zhen Xiao, Kenneth P. Birman, Robbert van Renesse  

E-print Network

Optimizing Buffer Management for Reliable Multicast Zhen Xiao, Kenneth P. Birman, Robbert van in a group. Hence certain or all members need to buffer messages for possible retransmissions. Designing an efficient buffer management algorithm is challenging in large multicast groups where no member has complete

Birman, Kenneth P.

211

Supply Chain Risk Management – Developments, Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of risk in supply chains has now become an established, albeit fairly recently, element in the fields of Supply\\u000a Chain Management (SCM), corporate strategic management and Enterprise Risk Management (ERM). In addition to such cross-functional\\u000a contributions, Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) contributes to the decision making processes in most functional areas within\\u000a a business (e.g. marketing decisions concerning

George A. Zsidisin; Bob Ritchie

212

Energy Risk Management 1 -Master course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI  

E-print Network

(20% of the ERP exam), and Modelling Energy Prices (10% of the ERP exam). · Prerequisites: Students and Futures · Energy Swaps ­ Vincent Kaminski (ed). Managing Energy Price Risk (London: Risk Books, 2004). Chapter 1: Energy Swaps · Energy Options ­ Vincent Kaminski (ed). Managing Energy Price Risk (London: Risk

Kaplan, Alexander

213

Decision Making and Risk Management in Adventure Sports Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adventure sport coaches practice in environments that are dynamic and high in risk, both perceived and actual. The inherent risks associated with these activities, individuals' responses and the optimal exploitation of both combine to make the processes of risk management more complex and hazardous than the traditional sports where risk management…

Collins, Loel; Collins, Dave

2013-01-01

214

AURUM: A Framework for Information Security Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—As companies are increasingly exposed to a variety of information security threats, they are permanently forced to pay attention to security issues. Risk management provides an effective approach for measuring the security through risk assessment, risk mitigation and evaluation. Existing risk manage- ment approaches are highly accepted but demand very detailed knowledge about the IT security domain and the actual

Andreas Ekelhart; Stefan Fenz; Thomas Neubauer

2009-01-01

215

Nuclear safety culture and integrated risk management  

SciTech Connect

A primary focus of nuclear safety is the prevention of large releases of radioactivity in the case of low-probability severe accidents. An analysis of the anatomy of nuclear (Chernobyl, Three Mile Island Unit 2) and nonnuclear (Challenger, Bhopal, Piper Alpha, etc.) severe accidents yields four broad categories of root causes: human (operating crew response), machine (design with its basic flaws), media (natural phenomena, operational considerations, political environment, commercial pressures, etc.)-providing triggering events, and management (basic organizational safety culture flaws). A strong management can minimize the contributions of humans, machines, and media to the risk arising from the operation of hazardous facilities. One way that management can have a powerful positive influence is through the establishment of a proper safety culture. The term safety culture is used as defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Safety Advisory Group.

Joksimovich, V.; Orvis, D.D. (Accident Prevention Group, San Diego, CA (United States))

1993-01-01

216

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Common Grazing Management Mistakes  

E-print Network

- ly so that they can handle unforseen situations, recognize the warning signs of unacceptable risks, and correct their management strategies before the rangeland resource is harmed. ?Ranchers have often equated livestock numbers with their wealth... if it harms the natural range ecosystem. Often, too much importance is placed on immediate gross returns from livestock and/or wildlife, and not enough on maintaining rangeland health. Checklist of Mistakes 1) Failure to change from the historical stocking...

White, Larry D.; Hanselka, C. Wayne; Clayton, Lindi

2000-11-01

217

An evaluation of the reliability and usefulness of external-initiator PRA (probabilistic risk analysis) methodologies  

SciTech Connect

The discipline of probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) has become so mature in recent years that it is now being used routinely to assist decision-making throughout the nuclear industry. This includes decision-making that affects design, construction, operation, maintenance, and regulation. Unfortunately, not all sub-areas within the larger discipline of PRA are equally mature,'' and therefore the many different types of engineering insights from PRA are not all equally reliable. 93 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Budnitz, R.J.; Lambert, H.E. (Future Resources Associates, Inc., Berkeley, CA (USA))

1990-01-01

218

Evaluation of oasis ecosystem risk by reliability theory in an arid area: a case study in the Shiyang River Basin, China.  

PubMed

Ecosystem risk is a new concept in understanding environmental problems. It is important to study and develop quantitative methods for regional ecosystem risk analysis. In this study, some new indicators and methods for measuring oasis ecosystem risk were established using reliability theory. These indicators are linked to water resource, which is the key restricting factor in arid area oasis ecosystems. They have clear meanings and can also be compared in different arid area oases. A case study in the Liangzhou oasis of the Shiyang River Basin in China shows how to calculate these ecosystem risk indicators. The results of the case study are as follows: the reliability indicator, risk indicator, stability indicator, and integrated loss indicator of the Liangzhou oasis are 0.686, 0.314, 0.743, and 0.301, respectively. This means that the reliability degree of the oasis's ecosystem safety is 68.6%; the degree of risk that it is unsafe is 31.4%; the stability degree is 74.3%; and 30.1% of the oasis's area is supported by over-exploiting underground water and damaging the lower reaches of the ecosystem. This result can be used as a guide in controlling and managing ecosystem risk in the research area. PMID:17915717

Li, Wei-de; Li, Zi-zhen; Wang, Ji-quan

2007-01-01

219

{Road Traffic and Avalanches - Methods for Risk Evaluation and Risk Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper considers the methods for risk analysis and management in connection with avalanches and road traffic. Examples with calculations of encounter probability and quantification of uncertainty are given, along with suggestions for risk management in Norway.

Kristensen, Krister; Kristensen, Carl Bonnevie; Harbitz, Alf

2003-11-01

220

Risk and supply chain management: creating a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to develop a research agenda for risk and supply chain management. This is achieved by reviewing the literature on supply chain risk and locating it within the general literature on risk. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A review of the general literature on risk and the specific literature on supply chain risk was undertaken. Findings

Omera Khan; Bernard Burnes

2007-01-01

221

Testing the reliability of assessment of land management impacts on Scottish upland vegetation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Surveys of land management impacts (e.g. of herbivores) are carried out in the Scottish uplands to meet conservation objectives. The reliability of such assessments has seldom been tested.Aims: To assess the inter-observer reliability of impact assessments.Methods: In the upper Spey valley, central Scottish Highlands, up to 17 observers were asked to assess in 5 m by 5 m plots and 1

Angus J. MacDonald

2010-01-01

222

Occupational risk management of engineered nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The earliest and most extensive societal exposures to engineered nanoparticles are likely to occur in the workplace. Until toxicologic and health effects research moves forward to characterize more broadly the potential hazards of nanoparticles and to provide a scientific basis for appropriate control of nanomaterials in the workplace, current and future workers may be at risk from occupational exposures. This article reviews a conceptual framework for occupational risk management as applied to engineered nanomaterials and describes an associated approach for controlling exposures in the presence of uncertainty. The framework takes into account the potential routes of exposure and factors that may influence biological activity and potential toxicity of nanomaterials; incorporates primary approaches based on the traditional industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls involving elimination or substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls, and use of personal protective equipment; and includes valuable secondary approaches involving health surveillance and medical monitoring. PMID:18260001

Schulte, Paul; Geraci, Charles; Zumwalde, Ralph; Hoover, Mark; Kuempel, Eileen

2008-04-01

223

Unit 15: Risk Management To explain the concept of risk & to develop its role  

E-print Network

to repay your mortgage or any loans secured on it� ¥ Health risks - �the chance that a person1 Unit 15: Risk Management Objectives Ð To explain the concept of risk & to develop its role within the software development process Ð To introduce the use of risk management as a means of identifying

Finkelstein, Anthony

224

Wind energy Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) : data collection recommendations for reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the general data requirements for reliability analysis of fielded wind turbines and other wind plant equipment. The report provides a rationale for why this data should be collected, a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and specific data recommendations for a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) to support automated analysis. This data collection recommendations report was written by Sandia National Laboratories to address the general data requirements for reliability analysis of operating wind turbines. This report is intended to help develop a basic understanding of the data needed for reliability analysis from a Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) and other data systems. The report provides a rationale for why this data should be collected, a list of the data needed to support reliability and availability analysis, and specific recommendations for a CMMS to support automated analysis. Though written for reliability analysis of wind turbines, much of the information is applicable to a wider variety of equipment and analysis and reporting needs. The 'Motivation' section of this report provides a rationale for collecting and analyzing field data for reliability analysis. The benefits of this type of effort can include increased energy delivered, decreased operating costs, enhanced preventive maintenance schedules, solutions to issues with the largest payback, and identification of early failure indicators.

Peters, Valerie A.; Ogilvie, Alistair B.

2012-01-01

225

Reliability and Validity of Observational Risk Screening in Evaluating Dynamic Knee Valgus  

PubMed Central

Study Design Nonexperimental methodological study. Objectives To determine the interrater and intrarater reliability and validity of using observational risk screening guidelines to evaluate dynamic knee valgus. Background A deficiency in the neuromuscular control of the hip has been identified as a key risk factor for non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in post pubescent females. This deficiency can manifest itself as a valgus knee alignment during tasks involving hip and knee flexion. There are currently no scientifically tested methods to screen for dynamic knee valgus in the clinic or on the field. Methods Three physiotherapists used observational risk screening guidelines to rate 40 adolescent female soccer players according to their risk of ACL injury. The rating was based on the amount of dynamic knee valgus observed on a drop jump landing. Ratings were evaluated for intrarater and interrater agreement using kappa coefficients. Sensitivity and specificity of ratings were evaluated by comparing observational ratings with measurements obtained using 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis. Results Kappa coefficients for intrarater and interrater agreement ranged from 0.75 to 0.85, indicating that ratings were reasonably consistent over time and between physiotherapists. Sensitivity values were inadequate, ranging from 67–87%. This indicated that raters failed to detect up to a third of “truly high risk” individuals. Specificity values ranged from 60–72% which was considered adequate for the purposes of the screen. Conclusion Observational risk screening is a practical and cost-effective method of screening for ACL injury risk. Rater agreement and specificity were acceptable for this method but sensitivity was not. To detect a greater proportion of individuals at risk of ACL injury, coaches and clinicians should ensure that they include additional tests for other high risk characteristics in their screening protocols. PMID:19721212

Ekegren, Christina L.; Miller, William C.; Celebrini, Richard G.; Eng, Janice J.; MacIntyre, Donna L.

2012-01-01

226

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs: An Assessment of Performance Incentive Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For energy utilities faced with expanded jurisdictional energy efficiency requirements and pursuing demand-side management (DSM) incentive programs in the large industrial sector, performance incentive programs can be an effective means to maximize the reliability of planned energy savings. Performance incentive programs balance the objectives of high participation rates with persistent energy savings by: (1) providing financial incentives and resources to minimize constraints to investment in energy efficiency, and (2) requiring that incentive payments be dependent on measured energy savings over time. As BC Hydro increases its DSM initiatives to meet the Clean Energy Act objective to reduce at least 66 per cent of new electricity demand with DSM by 2020, the utility is faced with a higher level of DSM risk, or uncertainties that impact the costeffective acquisition of planned energy savings. For industrial DSM incentive programs, DSM risk can be broken down into project development and project performance risks. Development risk represents the project ramp-up phase and is the risk that planned energy savings do not materialize due to low customer response to program incentives. Performance risk represents the operational phase and is the risk that planned energy savings do not persist over the effective measure life. DSM project development and performance risks are, in turn, a result of industrial economic, technological and organizational conditions, or DSM risk factors. In the BC large industrial sector, and characteristic of large industrial sectors in general, these DSM risk factors include: (1) capital constraints to investment in energy efficiency, (2) commodity price volatility, (3) limited internal staffing resources to deploy towards energy efficiency, (4) variable load, process-based energy saving potential, and (5) a lack of organizational awareness of an operation's energy efficiency over time (energy performance). This research assessed the capacity of alternative performance incentive program models to manage DSM risk in BC. Three performance incentive program models were assessed and compared to BC Hydro's current large industrial DSM incentive program, Power Smart Partners -- Transmission Project Incentives, itself a performance incentive-based program. Together, the selected program models represent a continuum of program design and implementation in terms of the schedule and level of incentives provided, the duration and rigour of measurement and verification (M&V), energy efficiency measures targeted and involvement of the private sector. A multi criteria assessment framework was developed to rank the capacity of each program model to manage BC large industrial DSM risk factors. DSM risk management rankings were then compared to program costeffectiveness, targeted energy savings potential in BC and survey results from BC industrial firms on the program models. The findings indicate that the reliability of DSM energy savings in the BC large industrial sector can be maximized through performance incentive program models that: (1) offer incentives jointly for capital and low-cost operations and maintenance (O&M) measures, (2) allow flexible lead times for project development, (3) utilize rigorous M&V methods capable of measuring variable load, process-based energy savings, (4) use moderate contract lengths that align with effective measure life, and (5) integrate energy management software tools capable of providing energy performance feedback to customers to maximize the persistence of energy savings. While this study focuses exclusively on the BC large industrial sector, the findings of this research have applicability to all energy utilities serving large, energy intensive industrial sectors.

Gosman, Nathaniel

227

Evaluation of volcanic risk management in Merapi and Bromo Volcanoes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Merapi (Central Java Province) and Bromo (East Java Province) volcanoes have human-environmental systems with unique characteristics, thus causing specific consequences on their risk management. Various efforts have been carried out by many parties (institutional government, scientists, and non-governmental organizations) to reduce the risk in these areas. However, it is likely that most of the actions have been done for temporary and partial purposes, leading to overlapping work and finally to a non-integrated scheme of volcanic risk management. This study, therefore, aims to identify and evaluate actions of risk and disaster reduction in Merapi and Bromo Volcanoes. To achieve this aims, a thorough literature review was carried out to identify earlier studies in both areas. Afterward, the basic concept of risk management cycle, consisting of risk assessment, risk reduction, event management and regeneration, is used to map those earlier studies and already implemented risk management actions in Merapi and Bromo. The results show that risk studies in Merapi have been developed predominantly on physical aspects of volcanic eruptions, i.e. models of lahar flows, hazard maps as well as other geophysical modeling. Furthermore, after the 2006 eruption of Merapi, research such on risk communication, social vulnerability, cultural vulnerability have appeared on the social side of risk management research. Apart from that, disaster risk management activities in the Bromo area were emphasizing on physical process and historical religious aspects. This overview of both study areas provides information on how risk studies have been used for managing the volcano disaster. This result confirms that most of earlier studies emphasize on the risk assessment and only few of them consider the risk reduction phase. Further investigation in this field work in the near future will accomplish the findings and contribute to formulate integrated volcanic risk management cycles for both Merapi and Bromo. Keywords: Risk management, volcanoes hazard, Merapi and Bromo Volcano Indonesia

Bachri, S.; Stöetter, J.; Sartohadi, J.; Setiawan, M. A.

2012-04-01

228

Recognition and management of preoperative risk.  

PubMed

Internists are frequently asked to do preoperative consultations and to manage perioperative complications. Realistic goals are to identify patient factors that increase the risk of surgery, to quantify this risk in order to make decisions about the appropriateness of and timing of the surgery, to provide recommendations on how to minimize the risk, to identify and manage coexisting medical conditions and their associated medication requirements, to monitor the patient for perioperative problems, and to make recommendations to deal with these problems when they occur. With few exceptions, nonselective imaging and laboratory screening tests have repeatedly been shown to be of little value when the history and physical do not suggest a problem. The risk associated with the planned surgery can be estimated, with the most common serious complications being cardiac events. Updated versions of Goldman's risk indices are particularly helpful for this. Clinical variables are optimally combined with selective stress testing to discern which patients will benefit from preoperative revascularization. This has been studied best in the setting of vascular surgery. A critical guiding principle is that the value of revascularization must be judged in terms of long term gains rather than just immediate perioperative benefit. Other interventions include the selective use of beta blockers, adequate analgesia for all, control of hypertension, and appropriate volume management, especially in the settings of preexisting CHF or valvular disease. It must also be recognized that perioperative ischemia and CHF often present atypically. An approach that combines aspects of both the ACC/AHA and the ACP guidelines seems optimal. A variety of noncardiac issues must also be addressed. Postoperative pulmonary complications are common, especially with preexisting pulmonary disease, thoracic and upper abdominal surgery, and obesity. PFTs and ABGs are indicated in selected patients. Stopping smoking, incentive spirometry, and selective use of bronchodilators and antibiotics are helpful. Patients with rheumatologic diseases have specific concerns based on systemic manifestations of disease including anemia, thrombocytopenia, pulmonary fibrosis, pericarditis, and hypercoagulability; medication effects particularly from steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; and specific joint problems including contractures and atlantoaxial joint instability. Diabetes increases the risk of infection and cardiac complications. Prevention of ketoacidosis and glucose control are necessary and can be achieved through a variety of approaches, depending on whether the patient suffers from Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The threshold for transfusion has increased in recent years, as has the use of erythropoietin and autologous blood donation. There is no longer an absolute hemoglobin that requires transfusion, although most require transfusion for hemoglobins less than 8 mg/dL, especially in the setting of cardiac disease and bloody surgery. The elderly require surgery at an increased rate and often do not do as well as younger patients. The primary issues are, however, not their age but their increased frequency of underlying disease and diminished reserve. The latter makes them prone to postoperative delirium, sensitivity to medications, and cardiac and pulmonary problems. Despite the many diseases that patients often have and the stresses of surgery itself, modern anesthetic and surgical techniques allow almost all patients to undergo necessary procedures at acceptable risk. The internist plays a critical role in minimizing this risk even further. PMID:10467630

Nierman, E; Zakrzewski, K

1999-08-01

229

Probabilistic economic frameworks for disaster risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting from the general concept of risk, we set up an economic analysis framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) investment. It builds on uncertainty management techniques - notably Monte Carlo simulations - and includes both a risk and performance metrics adapted to recurring issues in disaster risk management as entertained by governments and international organisations. This type of framework proves to be enlightening in several regards, and is thought to ease the promotion of DRM projects as "investments" rather than "costs to be born" and allow for meaningful comparison between DRM and other sectors. We then look at the specificities of disaster risk investments of medium to large scales through this framework, where some "invariants" can be identified, notably: (i) it makes more sense to perform analysis over long-term horizons -space and time scales are somewhat linked; (ii) profiling of the fluctuations of the gains and losses of DRM investments over long periods requires the ability to handle possibly highly volatile variables; (iii) complexity increases with the scale which results in a higher sensitivity of the analytic framework on the results; (iv) as the perimeter of analysis (time, theme and space-wise) is widened, intrinsic parameters of the project tend to weight lighter. This puts DRM in a very different perspective from traditional modelling, which usually builds on more intrinsic features of the disaster as it relates to the scientific knowledge about hazard(s). As models hardly accommodate for such complexity or "data entropy" (they require highly structured inputs), there is a need for a complementary approach to understand risk at global scale. The proposed framework suggests opting for flexible ad hoc modelling of specific issues consistent with one's objective, risk and performance metrics. Such tailored solutions are strongly context-dependant (time and budget, sensitivity of the studied variable in the economic framework) and can range from simple elicitation of data from a subject matter expert to calibrate a probability distribution to more advanced stochastic modelling. This approach can be referred to more as a proficiency in the language of uncertainty rather than modelling per se in the sense that it allows for greater flexibility to adapt a given context. In a real decision making context, one seldom has neither time nor budget resources to investigate all of these variables thoroughly, hence the importance of being able to prioritize the level of effort among them. Under the proposed framework, this can be done in an optimised fashion. The point here consists in applying probabilistic sensitivity analysis together with the fundamentals of the economic value of information; the framework as built is well suited to such considerations, and variables can be ranked according to their contribution to risk understanding. Efforts to deal with second order uncertainties on variables prove to be valuable when dealing with the economic value of sample information.

Dulac, Guillaume; Forni, Marc

2013-04-01

230

A global overview of risk management of the DOE complex  

SciTech Connect

No endeavor is risk-fire and as we realize the inherent risks in society, our only viable solution is to manage the risk. Application of an integrated risk management program of a large technological system like the DOE complex is a difficult, task; but it is the only rational means to optimize the risk-benefit equation. An effective risk management culture-within the DOE complex will in the long run, ensure a consistent response to mitigate identified risks. An effective risk management program provides responsible administrative planning and logical application of the best technical analyses. It requires the involvement of all personnel. Our objective in this paper is to point out broad perspectives that raise concerns about future DOE ask management issues and to suggest some possible remedies.

Alesso, H.P.; Majumdar, K.C.

1993-10-10

231

Cut set-based risk and reliability analysis for arbitrarily interconnected networks  

DOEpatents

Method for computing all-terminal reliability for arbitrarily interconnected networks such as the United States public switched telephone network. The method includes an efficient search algorithm to generate minimal cut sets for nonhierarchical networks directly from the network connectivity diagram. Efficiency of the search algorithm stems in part from its basis on only link failures. The method also includes a novel quantification scheme that likewise reduces computational effort associated with assessing network reliability based on traditional risk importance measures. Vast reductions in computational effort are realized since combinatorial expansion and subsequent Boolean reduction steps are eliminated through analysis of network segmentations using a technique of assuming node failures to occur on only one side of a break in the network, and repeating the technique for all minimal cut sets generated with the search algorithm. The method functions equally well for planar and non-planar networks.

Wyss, Gregory D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01

232

Social media, reputation risk and ambient publicity management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to discuss the emergence of corporate reputational risk in terms of social media, exploring its threats to and possibilities for organizations' strategic reputation management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reputation risk, the possibility of damaging one's reputation, presents a threat to organizations in many ways. Little is known, however, about the connections between reputation risk management and social

Pekka Aula

2010-01-01

233

Risk management, capital structure and lending at banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test how active management of bank credit risk exposure through the loan sales market affects capital structure, lending, profits, and risk. We find that banks that rebalance their loan portfolio exposures by both buying and selling loans – that is, banks that use the loan sales market for risk management purposes rather than to alter their holdings of loans

A. Sinan Cebenoyan; Philip E. Strahan

2004-01-01

234

Risk Management, Capital Structure and Lending at Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test how active management of bank credit risk exposure through the loan sales market affects capital structure, lending, profits, and risk. We find that banks that rebalance their C&I loan portfolio exposures by both buying and selling loans – that is, banks that use the loan sales market for risk management purposes rather than to alter their holdings of

A. Sinan Sinan Cebenoyan; Philip E. Strahan

2001-01-01

235

Analytical Framework for the Management of Risk in Supply Chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop a framework to classify supply chain risk-management problems and approaches for the solution of these problems. We argue that risk-management problems need to be handled at three levels: 1) strategic, 2) operational, and 3) tactical. In addition, risk within the supply chain might manifest itself in the form of deviations, disruptions, and disasters. To handle

Roshan S. Gaonkar; N. Viswanadham

2007-01-01

236

12 CFR 615.5135 - Management of interest rate risk.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Management of interest rate risk. 615.5135 ...and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ...of interest rate risk. The board of directors of each Farm Credit Bank, bank for...and agricultural credit bank shall develop...an interest rate risk management...

2010-01-01

237

Management of Secondary Risk Factors in Patients with Intermittent Claudication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: the first line management of patients with intermittent claudication is “best medical therapy” i.e., smoking cessation, exercise, antiplatelet therapy and risk factors modification. The aim of this study was to assess the current management of risk factors in primary care and to compare General Practitioner (GP) attitudes and actual management.Design and Methods: postal questionnaire of all 336 GPs in

K. Cassar; R. Coull; P. Bachoo; E. Macaulay; J. Brittenden

2003-01-01

238

Application of Risk Concepts to Wildlife Management: Special Issue Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The degree to which professionals can improve wildlife management processes and outcomes depends in part on their ability to integrate knowledge from multiple disciplines, including those that detail how people interpret and respond to wildlife-related risks. Better integration of risk considerations into wildlife management can advance managers' understanding of stakeholders and the knowledge base used for decision-making. This article introduces

Meredith L. Gore; Robyn S. Wilson; William F. Siemer; Heather Wieczorek Hudenko; Christopher E. Clarke; P. Sol Hart; Lynn A. Maguire; Bret A. Muter

2009-01-01

239

ReMINE: an ontology-based risk management platform.  

PubMed

The ReMINE project aims at building a high performance prediction, detection and monitoring platform for managing Risks against Patient Safety (RAPS). The project will contribute to the optimization of RAPS management process in a healthcare system through the development of a platform allowing the (semantically based) fast and secure extraction of RAPS-related data and their correlation across several domains. In this respect the REMINE platform will promote early RAPS detection and mitigation by supporting the process of RAPS management both when a RAPS is foreseen, and the objective is the determination of the best set of preventive actions; and when a RAPS is detected, and the objective is the determination of the best possible reaction, the reliable distribution of the related action list to all involved parties, and the monitoring of the reaction effectiveness. These capabilities will be achieved by means of the establishment of an associated methodology and a framework/platform for integrated RAPS prediction/detection, analysis and mitigation. The overall platform structure assumes the presence of an "info-broker patient safety framework" connected with the Hospital Information System, which will support the process of collecting, aggregating, mining and assessing related data, distributing alerts, and suggesting actions to mitigate (or avoid) RAPS effects or occurrence. The underlying ontological system will support the semantic correlation of data with the hospital processes. PMID:19745233

Carenini, Michele

2009-01-01

240

An object-oriented approach to risk and reliability analysis : methodology and aviation safety applications.  

SciTech Connect

This article describes how features of event tree analysis and Monte Carlo-based discrete event simulation can be combined with concepts from object-oriented analysis to develop a new risk assessment methodology, with some of the best features of each. The resultant object-based event scenario tree (OBEST) methodology enables an analyst to rapidly construct realistic models for scenarios for which an a priori discovery of event ordering is either cumbersome or impossible. Each scenario produced by OBEST is automatically associated with a likelihood estimate because probabilistic branching is integral to the object model definition. The OBEST methodology is then applied to an aviation safety problem that considers mechanisms by which an aircraft might become involved in a runway incursion incident. The resulting OBEST model demonstrates how a close link between human reliability analysis and probabilistic risk assessment methods can provide important insights into aviation safety phenomenology.

Dandini, Vincent John; Duran, Felicia Angelica; Wyss, Gregory Dane

2003-09-01

241

Study of effect of load management on generating-system reliability. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the effects that load shape changes caused by load management will have on selected reliability indexes - expected number of hours of generating capacity deficiency, expected unserved energy, frequency of capacity deficiency events, and the expected duration of capacity deficiencies. Results calculated with the new OPCON model are compared with results from two other, more conventional models

A. D. Patton; C. Singh

1984-01-01

242

A Linux-Governor Based Dynamic Reliability Manager for Android Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

. Dynamic Reliability Management (DRM) aims at trading off processor performance with lifetime. The state-of-the-art involved. We show the effectiveness of our governor in guaranteeing the predefined target lifetime and show) and Bias Temperature Insta- bility (BTI). Degradation depends on voltage and temperature stress

Simunic, Tajana

243

Using a Risk Breakdown Structure in project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk identification often produces nothing more than a long list of risks, which can be hard to understand or manage. The list can be prioritised to determine which risks should be addressed first, but this does not provide any insight into the structure of risk on the project. Traditional qualitative assessment cannot indicate those areas of the project which require

David Hillson

2003-01-01

244

The Treatment of Sex Offenders: Risk Management and Good Lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

How would a good lives model of sex offender treatment differ from a risk-need model? In the good lives model, risk factors are viewed as obstacles that erode individuals' capacities to live more fulfilling lives. The therapeutic focus is thus on implementing offenders' good lives plans rather than simply managing risk. To develop our argument, we first outline the risk-need

Tony Ward; Claire A. Stewart

2003-01-01

245

Application of data mining to medical risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes an application of data mining to medical risk management, where data mining techniques were applied to detection, analysis and evaluation of risks potentially existing in clinical environments. We applied this technique to the following two medical domains: risk aversion of nurse incidents and infection control. The results show that data mining methods were effective to detection and aversion of risk factors.

Tsumoto, Shusaku; Matsuoka, Kimiko; Yokoyama, Shigeki

2008-03-01

246

Probabilistic Risk Assessment for dairy waste management systems  

E-print Network

Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) techniques were used to evaluate the risk of contamination of surface and ground water with wastewater from an open lot dairy in Erath County, Texas. The dairy supported a complex waste management system...

Leigh, Edward Marshall

2012-06-07

247

Vulnerability and social risk management in India and Mexico  

E-print Network

The development of effective community, regional and national risk-management strategies, especially for systemic risks, such as natural disasters, entails understanding the determinants of social vulnerability in individuals ...

Flores Ballesteros, Luis

2008-01-01

248

Customer-Specific Transaction Risk Management in E-Commerce  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing potential for turnover in e-commerce is inextricably linked with an increase in risk. Online retailers (e-tailers), aiming for a company-wide value orientation should manage this risk. However, current approaches to risk management either use average retail prices elevated by an overall risk premium or restrict the payment methods offered to customers. Thus, they neglect customer-specific value and risk attributes and leave turnover potentials unconsidered. To close this gap, an innovative valuation model is proposed in this contribution that integrates customer-specific risk and potential turnover. The approach presented evaluates different payment methods using their risk-turnover characteristic, provides a risk-adjusted decision basis for selecting payment methods and allows e-tailers to derive automated risk management decisions per customer and transaction without reducing turnover potential.

Ruch, Markus; Sackmann, Stefan

249

Risk management for buildings -- Has the time come?  

SciTech Connect

There are both incentives and challenges for applying formal risk management processes to buildings and other structures, including bridges, highways, dams, stadiums, shopping centers, and private dwellings. Based on an assessment of several issues, the authors conclude that for certain types of buildings and structures the time has come for the use of a formal risk-management approach, including probabilistic risk assessment methods, to help identify dominant risks to public health, safety, and security and to help manage these risks in a cost-effective manner.

Berry, D.L.; Hunter, R.L.

1997-08-01

250

Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Environmental Risk Management and Communication  

E-print Network

Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Environmental Risk Management and Communication School and Communication. We seek a faculty member whose research and scholarly interests link the study of environmental (including governance, policy, law, assess- ment and management), communication approaches to hazards

Saskatchewan, University of

251

Sustainability appraisal and flood risk management  

SciTech Connect

This research establishes that sustainability appraisal (SA) has a role to play in strengthening spatial plans in the context of flooding issues. Indeed, evidence has been gathered to indicate that tentative steps are being taken in this direction during the SA of English regional spatial plans, which are used as an illustrative case study. In England as in many other countries, appraisal procedures including SA and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) are enshrined in planning law. An opportunity therefore exists to utilise existing and familiar planning tools to embed flooding considerations within spatial plans at an early stage in the planning process. SA (and similar appraisal tools such as SEA) can therefore usefully aid in the implementation of decision making principles and government policy relating to flooding. Moreover, with the threats associated with climate change becoming increasingly apparent, of which increased flood risk is a particular concern in many countries, there is a need develop appropriate adaptation responses. This article emphasizes the role that SA can play in managing future flood risk in this context.

Carter, Jeremy G. [University of Manchester, School of Environment and Development, Oxford Road, Manchester M14 9PL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: Jeremy.Carter@manchester.ac.uk; White, Iain [University of Manchester, School of Environment and Development, Oxford Road, Manchester M14 9PL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: Iain.White@manchester.ac.uk; Richards, Juliet [University of Manchester, School of Environment and Development, Oxford Road, Manchester M14 9PL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: juliet21@talktalk.net

2009-01-15

252

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Managing Climatic and Financial Risk with Grazing  

E-print Network

Specialists, The Texas A&M University System; and Professor of Animal Science, New Mexico State University. Rangeland Risk Management for Texans Figure 1. Controlling the timing, intensity and frequency of graz- ing promotes healthy forage plants and better.... Livestock do not graze at random; they choose preferred sites and plants, which leads to patch grazing. The management goal is to have cattle graze as much of a pasture or ranch as they safe- ly can. The Principle of Rest and Graze Grazing systems help...

Hanselka, C. Wayne; Lyons, Robert K.; Holechek, Jerry L.

2002-03-04

253

The management of clinical risk in telemedicine applications.  

PubMed

Any telemedicine application should be viewed in terms of its health-care context, the clinical process it is enabling, and whether it is appropriate to apply telemedicine to that process. Telemedicine should be used as a tool to enable the transfer of clinical information which, by being transferred, will reduce clinical risks. Because managing clinical services involves knowing where clinical decisions are being made, it is important to ensure that telemedicine activity is recorded as part of the routine clinical and investigative data sets that will be kept for clinical audit and health-service costing purposes. There may be areas of health-care delivery where the telemedicine solution becomes the treatment of choice. In this event, not to provide telemedicine may be unethical and may expose a service to high clinical risk. If a service is based on the use of telemedicine, it is important to ensure that the technical specifications are adequate, that the system is sufficiently reliable, and that there are adequate back-up provisions in the case of system failure. PMID:9375056

Darkins, A

1996-01-01

254

Scheduling for energy and reliability management on multiprocessor real-time systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scheduling algorithms for multiprocessor real-time systems have been studied for years with many well-recognized algorithms proposed. However, it is still an evolving research area and many problems remain open due to their intrinsic complexities. With the emergence of multicore processors, it is necessary to re-investigate the scheduling problems and design/develop efficient algorithms for better system utilization, low scheduling overhead, high energy efficiency, and better system reliability. Focusing cluster schedulings with optimal global schedulers, we study the utilization bound and scheduling overhead for a class of cluster-optimal schedulers. Then, taking energy/power consumption into consideration, we developed energy-efficient scheduling algorithms for real-time systems, especially for the proliferating embedded systems with limited energy budget. As the commonly deployed energy-saving technique (e.g. dynamic voltage frequency scaling (DVFS)) will significantly affect system reliability, we study schedulers that have intelligent mechanisms to recuperate system reliability to satisfy the quality assurance requirements. Extensive simulation is conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithms on reduction of scheduling overhead, energy saving, and reliability improvement. The simulation results show that the proposed reliability-aware power management schemes could preserve the system reliability while still achieving substantial energy saving.

Qi, Xuan

255

The Queensland high risk foot form (QHRFF) - is it a reliable and valid clinical research tool for foot disease?  

PubMed Central

Background Foot disease complications, such as foot ulcers and infection, contribute to considerable morbidity and mortality. These complications are typically precipitated by “high-risk factors”, such as peripheral neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease. High-risk factors are more prevalent in specific “at risk” populations such as diabetes, kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. To the best of the authors’ knowledge a tool capturing multiple high-risk factors and foot disease complications in multiple at risk populations has yet to be tested. This study aimed to develop and test the validity and reliability of a Queensland High Risk Foot Form (QHRFF) tool. Methods The study was conducted in two phases. Phase one developed a QHRFF using an existing diabetes foot disease tool, literature searches, stakeholder groups and expert panel. Phase two tested the QHRFF for validity and reliability. Four clinicians, representing different levels of expertise, were recruited to test validity and reliability. Three cohorts of patients were recruited; one tested criterion measure reliability (n?=?32), another tested criterion validity and inter-rater reliability (n?=?43), and another tested intra-rater reliability (n?=?19). Validity was determined using sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPV). Reliability was determined using Kappa, weighted Kappa and intra-class correlation (ICC) statistics. Results A QHRFF tool containing 46 items across seven domains was developed. Criterion measure reliability of at least moderate categories of agreement (Kappa?>?0.4; ICC?>?0.75) was seen in 91% (29 of 32) tested items. Criterion validity of at least moderate categories (PPV?>?0.7) was seen in 83% (60 of 72) tested items. Inter- and intra-rater reliability of at least moderate categories (Kappa?>?0.4; ICC?>?0.75) was seen in 88% (84 of 96) and 87% (20 of 23) tested items respectively. Conclusions The QHRFF had acceptable validity and reliability across the majority of items; particularly items identifying relevant co-morbidities, high-risk factors and foot disease complications. Recommendations have been made to improve or remove identified weaker items for future QHRFF versions. Overall, the QHRFF possesses suitable practicality, validity and reliability to assess and capture relevant foot disease items across multiple at risk populations. PMID:24468080

2014-01-01

256

Risk management modeling and its application in maritime safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantified risk assessment (QRA) needs mathematicization of risk theory. However, attention has been paid almost exclusively\\u000a to applications of assessment methods, which has led to neglect of research into fundamental theories, such as the relationships\\u000a among risk, safety, danger, and so on. In order to solve this problem, as a first step, fundamental theoretical relationships\\u000a about risk and risk management

Ting-Rong Qin; Wei-Jiong Chen; Xiang-Kun Zeng

2008-01-01

257

Probabilistic risk assessment for a loss of coolant accident in McMaster Nuclear Reactor and application of reliability physics model for modeling human reliability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) was conducted for a loss of coolant accident, (LOCA) in the McMaster Nuclear Reactor (MNR). A level 1 PRA was completed including event sequence modeling, system modeling, and quantification. To support the quantification of the accident sequence identified, data analysis using the Bayesian method and human reliability analysis (HRA) using the accident sequence evaluation procedure (ASEP) approach were performed. Since human performance in research reactors is significantly different from that in power reactors, a time-oriented HRA model (reliability physics model) was applied for the human error probability (HEP) estimation of the core relocation. This model is based on two competing random variables: phenomenological time and performance time. The response surface and direct Monte Carlo simulation with Latin Hypercube sampling were applied for estimating the phenomenological time, whereas the performance time was obtained from interviews with operators. An appropriate probability distribution for the phenomenological time was assigned by statistical goodness-of-fit tests. The human error probability (HEP) for the core relocation was estimated from these two competing quantities: phenomenological time and operators' performance time. The sensitivity of each probability distribution in human reliability estimation was investigated. In order to quantify the uncertainty in the predicted HEPs, a Bayesian approach was selected due to its capability of incorporating uncertainties in model itself and the parameters in that model. The HEP from the current time-oriented model was compared with that from the ASEP approach. Both results were used to evaluate the sensitivity of alternative huinan reliability modeling for the manual core relocation in the LOCA risk model. This exercise demonstrated the applicability of a reliability physics model supplemented with a. Bayesian approach for modeling human reliability and its potential usefulness of quantifying model uncertainty as sensitivity analysis in the PRA model.

Ha, Taesung

258

Cue reliability, risk sensitivity and inducible morphological defense in a marine snail.  

PubMed

Reliable cues that communicate current or future environmental conditions are a requirement for the evolution of adaptive phenotypic plasticity, yet we often do not know which cues are responsible for the induction of particular plastic phenotypes. I examined the single and combined effects of cues from damaged prey and predator cues on the induction of plastic shell defenses and somatic growth in the marine snail Nucella lamellosa. Snails were exposed to chemical risk cues from a factorial combination of damaged prey presented in isolation or consumed by predatory crabs (Cancer productus). Water-borne cues from damaged conspecific and heterospecific snails did not affect plastic shell defenses (shell mass, shell thickness and apertural teeth) or somatic growth in N. lamellosa. Cues released by feeding crabs, independent of prey cue, had significant effects on shell mass and somatic growth, but only crabs consuming conspecific snails induced the full suite of plastic shell defenses in N. lamellosa and induced the greatest response in all shell traits and somatic growth. Thus the relationship between risk cue and inducible morphological defense is dependent on which cues and which morphological traits are examined. Results indicate that cues from damaged conspecifics alone do not trigger a response, but, in combination with predator cues, act to signal predation risk and trigger inducible defenses in this species. This ability to "label" predators as dangerous may decrease predator avoidance costs and highlights the importance of the feeding habits of predators on the expression of inducible defenses. PMID:19882173

Bourdeau, Paul E

2010-04-01

259

RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PLAN FOR ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION IN WATERSHEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This document outlines the scope of National Risk Management Laboratory (NRMRL) risk management research in the area of ecosystem restoration. NRMRL is uniquely positioned to make substantial contributions to ecosystem science because of its in-house expertise relative to surfac...

260

CAMPUS Updated 2/9/2012 OFFICE Safety & Risk Management  

E-print Network

BUSINESS CONTINUITY PLANNING Juli A. Smith Director Safety & Risk Management 6616542066 jsmith101@csub Martin Williamson Director Public Safety (661) 6542111 mwilliamson@csub.edu VP Business Admin. Services A. Smith Director Safety & Risk Management (661) 6542066 jsmith101@csub.edu VP Business Admin

de Lijser, Peter

261

Supply risk management in a small company perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to determine if owners of small manufacturing companies manage supply risk in similar ways and identify the practices constituting this potential joint approach. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An interpretive case based methodology was applied in this research. Interview data on the supply risk management practices of 11 SCOs (small company owners) were analysed. Findings

Chris Ellegaard

2008-01-01

262

3 From Risk Management to Equity Effectiveness in  

E-print Network

1 3 From Risk Management to Equity Effectiveness in Environmental Sanitation and Health in Africa , and Guéladio Cissé12 Abstract Achieving the MDGs in water and sanitation as well as in food and nutrition for equitable management of health and sanitation risks among neglected populations. Classical meth- ods

Richner, Heinz

263

Essentials of Risk Management. Strategic Decisions. Board Basics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, intended for trustees of institutions of higher education, offers some instruction on the principles of risk management. Introductory information provides a definition of risk management, which is seen as a planning and strategic function, not solely as a financial or safety assessment. Individual sections then address the following…

Sonenstein, Burton; Kumin, Laura A.

1998-01-01

264

Integrating disaster risk management into construction: a UK perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most disasters are not entirely unexpected and therefore can, to varying degrees, be mitigated for, the UK construction sector does not play a sufficiently integrated role in disaster risk management. Research is reported on the development of a knowledge database and decision support framework to enable more effective disaster risk-management strategies from a construction perspective. A survey of UK

Lee Bosher; Andrew Dainty; Patricia Carrillo; Jacqueline Glass; Andrew Price

2007-01-01

265

Wildland Fire Risk and Management on West and South Ranges  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Wildland Fire Risk and Management on West and South Ranges Schofield Barracks, Oahu March) Intermountain Fire Science Lab, Missoula, MT CEMML TPS01-11 #12;#12;Wildland Fire Risk and Management on West .................................................................................................................................. 1 Fire Characteristics of Common Species

266

A RISK MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR ESTABLISHING BUDGET PRIORITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pipeline operators have obligations to their owners or stockholders to protect their assets and to their employees and the public to minimize the potential for injury-producing or property-loss accidents. Pipeline risk management programs are generally instituted to meet these obligations. One technique that has proven its value in pipeline risk management is \\

John F. Kiefner

267

Rethinking 'risk' and self-management for chronic illness.  

PubMed

Self-management for chronic illness is a current high profile UK healthcare policy. Policy and clinical recommendations relating to chronic illnesses are framed within a language of lifestyle risk management. This article argues the enactment of risk within current UK self-management policy is intimately related to neo-liberal ideology and is geared towards population governance. The approach that dominates policy perspectives to 'risk' management is critiqued for positioning people as rational subjects who calculate risk probabilities and act upon them. Furthermore this perspective fails to understand the lay person's construction and enactment of risk, their agenda and contextual needs when living with chronic illness. Of everyday relevance to lay people is the management of risk and uncertainty relating to social roles and obligations, the emotions involved when encountering the risk and uncertainty in chronic illness, and the challenges posed by social structural factors and social environments that have to be managed. Thus, clinical enactments of self-management policy would benefit from taking a more holistic view to patient need and seek to avoid solely communicating lifestyle risk factors to be self-managed. PMID:23226974

Morden, Andrew; Jinks, Clare; Ong, Bie Nio

2012-02-01

268

Managing Risks in Distributed Software Projects: An Integrative Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software projects are increasingly geographically distributed with limited face-to-face interaction between participants. These projects face particular challenges that need careful managerial attention. While risk management has been adopted with success to address other challenges within software development, there are currently no frameworks available for managing risks related to geographical distribution. On this background, we systematically review the literature on geographically

John Stouby Persson; Lars Mathiassen; Jesper Boeg; Thomas Stenskrog Madsen; Flemming Steinson

2009-01-01

269

Postponement in supply chain risk management: a complexity perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the poor response implications of supply are often not elaborated on in the literature, postponement has recently been mentioned as a useful tool for managing supply risk and disruptions. To interpret this in a more complete manner, this paper has attempted to explore the role of postponement in supply chain risk management from a complexity perspective. After a review

Biao Yang; Ying Yang

2010-01-01

270

Supply Chain Risk Management: Literature Review and Future Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supply chain risk management has increasingly becoming a more popular research area recently. Various papers, with different focus and approaches, have been published since a few years ago. This paper aims to survey supply chain risk management (SCRM) literature. Paper published in relevant journals from 2000 to 2007 are analysed and classified into five categories: conceptual, descriptive, empirical, exploratory cross-sectional,

Iwan Vanany; Suhaiza Zailani; Nyoman Pujawan

2009-01-01

271

ORESTIMBA CREEK, WEST STANISLAUS COUNTY, CA FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT PROJECT  

E-print Network

as National Flood Insurance Program accreditation requirements from FEMA. The City of Newman is homeORESTIMBA CREEK, WEST STANISLAUS COUNTY, CA FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT PROJECT 29 May 2013 ABSTRACT flood risk management for the City of Newman, Stanislaus County, California and the surrounding area

US Army Corps of Engineers

272

RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH PLAN FOR WET WEATHER FLOWS  

EPA Science Inventory

This plan was prepared by the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL) of EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) to guide the risk management aspects of the urban wet weather flow (WWF) research for the next five years. There are three types of urban WWF dis...

273

Ontology-Based Decision Support for Information Security Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

As e-Business and e-Commerce applications are increasingly exposed to a variety of information security threats, corporate decision makers are increasingly forced to pay attention to security issues. Risk management provides an effective approach for measuring the security but existing risk management approaches come with major shortcomings such as the demand for very detailed knowledge about the IT security domain and

Andreas Ekelhart; Stefan Fenz; Thomas Neubauer

2009-01-01

274

Risk Management Collaboration through Sharing Interactive Graphics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk management involves the cooperation of scientists, underwriters and actuaries all of whom analyse data to support decision-making. Results are often disseminated through static documents with graphics that convey the message the analyst wishes to communicate. Interactive graphics are increasingly popular means of communicating the results of data analyses because they enable other parties to explore and visually analyse some of the data themselves prior to and during discussion. Discussion around interactive graphics can occur synchronously in face-to-face meetings or with video-conferencing and screen sharing or they can occur asynchronously through web-sites such as ManyEyes, web-based fora, blogs, wikis and email. A limitation of approaches that do not involve screen sharing is the difficulty in sharing the results of insights from interacting with the graphic. Static images accompanied can be shared but these themselves cannot be interacted, producing a discussion bottleneck (Baker, 2008). We address this limitation by allowing the state and configuration of graphics to be shared (rather than static images) so that a user can reproduce someone else's graphic, interact with it and then share the results of this accompanied with some commentary. HiVE (Slingsby et al, 2009) is a compact and intuitive text-based language that has been designed for this purpose. We will describe the vizTweets project (a 9-month project funded by JISC) in which we are applying these principles to insurance risk management in the context of the Willis Research Network, the world's largest collaboration between the insurance industry and the academia). The project aims to extend HiVE to meet the needs of the sector, design, implement free-available web services and tools and to provide case studies. We will present a case study that demonstrate the potential of this approach for collaboration within the Willis Research Network. Baker, D. Towards Transparency in Visualisation Based Research. AHRC ICT Methods Network Expert Workshop. Available at http://www.viznet.ac.uk/documents Slingsby, A., Dykes, J. and Wood, J. 2009. Configuring Hierarchical Layouts to Address Research Questions. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 15 (6), Nov-Dec 2009, pp977-984.

Slingsby, Aidan; Dykes, Jason; Wood, Jo; Foote, Matthew

2010-05-01

275

Nonparametric analysis for risk management and market microstructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research develops and applies nonparametric estimation tools in two sectors of interest of financial econometrics: risk management and market microstructure. In the first part we address the problem of estimating conditional quantiles in financial and economic time series. Research in this field received great impulse since quantile based risk measures such as Value at Risk (VaR) have become essential

Antonio Cosma

2004-01-01

276

SUTTER BASIN, SUTTER & BUTTE COUNTIES, CA FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT PROJECT  

E-print Network

SUTTER BASIN, SUTTER & BUTTE COUNTIES, CA FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT PROJECT 22 October 2013 ABSTRACT: The purpose of the Sutter Basin Project is to reduce overall flood risk to the Sutter Basin study area the risk to property damage due to flooding to the Sutter Basin area located in the Sutter and Butte

US Army Corps of Engineers

277

Supply Chain Risk Management in Chinese Process Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process industries are important component of Chinese economy. While supply chain risks are going up rapidly under globalization, it affects process industries to operate continuously and safely. Thus it is necessary to research on how to manage risks in process industries supply chain effectively. In this paper, we identify supply chain risks underlying Chinese process industries and present some mitigation

Li-ping Liu; Jian-hua Ji; Hai-long Yu; Ji-ling Hu; Ti-jun Fan

2007-01-01

278

The ProphetTM risk management tool set  

Microsoft Academic Search

Raytheon has developed a powerful risk management tool set, named ProphetTM, which has proven highly successful in managing several programs, and is now being deployed throughout Raytheon. This paper describes ProphetTM features, the processes it supports, and the concepts behind them. Features include user-friendly input screens, roll-up risk factors, automated risk reduction charts, expected cost impact analysis, assessment history and

D. S. Huff

1999-01-01

279

Integrated Risk and Knowledge Management Program -- IRKM-P  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) IRKM-P tightly couples risk management and knowledge management processes and tools to produce an effective "modern" work environment. IRKM-P objectives include: (1) to learn lessons from past and current programs (Apollo, Space Shuttle, and the International Space Station); (2) to generate and share new engineering design, operations, and management best practices through preexisting Continuous Risk Management (CRM) procedures and knowledge-management practices; and (3) to infuse those lessons and best practices into current activities. The conceptual framework of the IRKM-P is based on the assumption that risks highlight potential knowledge gaps that might be mitigated through one or more knowledge management practices or artifacts. These same risks also serve as cues for collection of knowledge particularly, knowledge of technical or programmatic challenges that might recur.

Lengyel, David M.

2009-01-01

280

Increasing the Reliability of Decision-Support Systems for Nuclear Emergency Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decision support systems for nuclear emergency management (DSNE) are currently used worldwide to assist decision makers in taking emergency response countermeasures in case of accidental releases of radioactive materials from nuclear facilities. The present work has been motivated by the fact that, up until now, DSNE systems have not been regarded as safety critical software systems. The core of any DSNE system is represented by the different simulation codes linked together to form the dispersion simulation workflow. These codes require input emission and meteorological data to produce forecasts of the atmospheric dispersion of radioactive pollutants and other substances. However, the reliability of the system not only depends on the trustworthiness of the measured (or generated) input data but also on the reliability of the simulation codes used. The main goal of this work is to improve the reliability of DSNE systems by adapting current state of the art methods from the domain of software reliability engineering to the case of atmospheric dispersion simulation codes. The current approach is based on the "design by diversity principle" for improving the reliability of simulation codes and the trustworthiness of simulation results. The effectiveness of the approach has been tested using the results of two test versions of the RODOS DSNE system used in several European countries.

Ionescu, Tudor B.

2013-04-01

281

Dream project: Applications of earth observations to disaster risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of disaster risk management is relatively new and takes a structured approach to managing uncertainty related to the threat of natural and man-made disasters. Disaster risk management consists primarily of risk assessment and the development of strategies to mitigate disaster risk. This paper will discuss how increasing both Earth observation data and information technology capabilities can contribute to disaster risk management, particularly in Belize. The paper presents the results and recommendations of a project conducted by an international and interdisciplinary team of experts at the 2009 session of the International Space University in NASA Ames Research Center (California, USA). The aim is to explore the combination of current, planned and potential space-aided, airborne, and ground-based Earth observation tools, the emergence of powerful new web-based and mobile data management tools, and how this combination can support and improve the emerging field of disaster risk management. The starting point of the project was the World Bank's Comprehensive Approach to Probabilistic Risk Assessment (CAPRA) program, focused in Central America. This program was used as a test bed to analyze current space technologies used in risk management and develop new strategies and tools to be applied in other regions around the world.

Dyke, G.; Gill, S.; Davies, R.; Betorz, F.; Andalsvik, Y.; Cackler, J.; Dos Santos, W.; Dunlop, K.; Ferreira, I.; Kebe, F.; Lamboglia, E.; Matsubara, Y.; Nikolaidis, V.; Ostoja-Starzewski, S.; Sakita, M.; Verstappen, N.

2011-01-01

282

On the risk management and risk governance of petroleum operations in the Barents Sea area.  

PubMed

In this article, we discuss issues of risk management and risk governance with respect to petroleum operations in the Barents Sea area. We will focus on the decision problems related to whether or not to open the Barents Sea for petroleum activities in special vulnerable areas. We will explore to what extent the International Risk Governance Council risk governance framework provides valuable insights for and assistance to the decisionmaker and other stakeholders (including the industry and NGOs). The study covers issues related to risk assessment and appraisal, risk acceptance and tolerability, the use of the precautionary principle, risk perception, stakeholder involvement, risk communication, and risk management. The overall aim of the article is to point to areas where the risk governance could have been and can be improved for these and similar decision problems. PMID:22384923

Aven, Terje; Renn, Ortwin

2012-09-01

283

Experimental climate information services in support of risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate variability and change impact national and local economies and environments. Developing and communicating climate and climate impacts information to inform decision making requires an understanding of context, societal objectives, and identification of factors important to the management of risk. Information sensitive to changing baselines or extremes is a critical emergent need. Meeting this need requires timely production and delivery of useful climate data, information and knowledge within familiar pathways. We identify key attributes for a climate service , and the network and infrastructure to develop and coordinate the resulting services based on lessons learned in experimental implementations of climate services. "Service-type" activities already exist in many settings within federal, state, academic, and private sectors. The challenge for a climate service is to find effective implementation strategies for improving decision quality (not just meeting user needs). These strategies include upfront infrastructure investments, learning from event to event, coordinated innovation and diffusion, and highlighting common adaptation interests. Common to these strategies is the production of reliable and accessible data, analyses of emergent conditions and needs, and deliberative processes to identify appropriate entry points and uses for improved knowledge. Experimental climate services show that the development of well-structured paths among observations, projections, risk assessments and usable information requires sustained participation in “knowledge management systems” for early warning across temporal and spatial scales. Central to these systems is a collaborative framework between research and management to ensure anticipatory coordination between decision makers and information providers, allowing for emerging research findings and their attendant uncertainties to be considered. Early warnings in this context are not simply forecasts or predictions but information on potential “futures” derived from past records, expert judgments, scenarios, and availability of mechanisms and capacity to use such information. Effective experimental climate services facilitate ongoing appraisals of knowledge needs for informing adaptation and mitigation options across sectors and across scenarios of near and longer-term future climates. Analyses show that climate service experiments drawing on data, applied research and prototyping functions of activities such as RISAs and RCCs are critical to developing the learning needed to inform and structure the flow of knowledge and understanding from problem definition and applications research to information delivery, use and evaluation. These activities effectively serve to inform services implementation when overarching cross-agency coordination, knowledge management, and innovation diffusion mechanisms such as afforded by NIDIS and the Coastal Services Center are engaged. We also demonstrate the importance of positioning climate research to engage and inform the decision-making process as society anticipates and responds to climate and its impacts.

Webb, R. S.; Pulwarty, R. S.; Davidson, M. A.; Shea, E. E.; Nierenberg, C.; Dole, R. M.

2009-12-01

284

Continuing Developments in PV Risk Management: Strategies, Solutions, and Implications  

SciTech Connect

As the PV industry matures, successful risk management practices will become more imperative to ensure investor confidence, control costs, and facilitate further growth. This report discusses several key aspects of risk management during the commercial- and utility-scale project life cycle, from identification of risks, to the process of mitigating and allocating those risks among project parties, to transferring those risks through insurance. The report also explores novel techniques in PV risk management, options to offload risks onto the capital markets, and innovative insurance policies (namely warranty policies) that address risks unique to the PV sector. One of the major justifications for robust risk management in the PV industry is the cost-reduction opportunities it affords. If the PV industry can demonstrate the capability to successfully manage its risks, thereby inspiring confidence in financiers, it may be able to obtain a lower cost of capital in future transactions. A lower cost of capital translates to a lower cost of energy, which will in turn enhance PV?s competitiveness at a time when it will have to rely less on subsidies to support its market penetration.

Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Speer, B.; Hill, R.

2013-02-01

285

[Hospital risk management from the viewpoint of insurers].  

PubMed

The present article deals with the significance of risk management in hospitals from the viewpoint of liability insurers. From the perspective of insurance companies, the liability risk of a hospital and its personnel has considerably increased during the past 25 years. The present risk situation is characterized by a growing number of reported liability cases, as well as by an enormous increase of average compensation claims. This development has led some insurance companies to financial deficits in the segment of hospital liability. While some insurers have withdrawn their activities from this market segment, others have reacted by raising their premiums. Since in Germany the premiums usually depend on the number of beds held by a hospital, the problem of rising premiums is exacerbated by the general increase of the number of clinical cases in the face of a parallel reduction of the number of beds. In the process of finding new criteria or methods for adequate premium calculation, a key role will be played by the individual future risk development of a hospital and by the evaluation of this risk by its insurance company. An extensive system of clinical quality management supported by elements of risk management will have persistent positive effects on the development of individual insurance premiums and on the insurability of clinical liability. Risk management is defined as the totality of measures taken by a company to identify risks that could lead to reduced success. Clinical risk management must be regarded in the context of a general trend that is not limited to the field of health service. In this process, the handling of errors and their causes plays a central role. Further variants of hospital risk management are the technical and economic risk management, both of which are increasingly important and are in part implemented in the German legislation. Clinical risk management has originated from the U.S., where as early as in the nineteen-seventies instruments and methods have been developed to avoid errors. Important application fields are anesthetics, surgery, orthopedics, and obstetrics. Risk management is primarily a task of the internal personnel of a hospital. The support by external consultants promises additional benefits for the hospital. Measures of classical risk management usually are essential elements of any quality management system; as such, they are therefore certifiable. Certification alone, however, does not prove the sustained efficiency of a risk-prevention system. PMID:15595600

Gausmann, Peter; Petry, Franz Michael

2004-10-01

286

Supply chain risk management model - ERM approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to propose the Pre-ERM Model through the process of identification, defining and quantifying of potential supply chain risks at enterprise level. The proposed Pre-ERM Model classifies enterprise risks under four pillars: Financial, Strategic, Operational and Compliance. A case study in logistics industry with certain common risk exposures is given. The proposed model will have

Boscal K. H. Yuen; Ivan K. W. Lai; Stephen K. C. Chan

2010-01-01

287

Risk Communication: the connection between assessment and management of changing risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Working toward effective risk mitigation strategies amidst ever-present and increasingly changing risks requires first effective communication between assessment and management spheres. This notion permeates the spectrum of what can be considered the physical changing risk inputs that feed into the risk governance processes of assessment, management and communication of risks. Close connections and overlaps between assessment and management requires communication to serve as the crux for the close collaboration necessary for encouraging preventative, long-term strategies for reducing disaster risks.1 More specifically, communication of risk information plays this connective role by informing and advising policy and decision making processes conducted by actors such as spatial planners who receive this information. In this way, those who assess the risks provide information to those who must manage these risks. When this one-directional communication pathway is reciprocated, risk managers provide information to risk assessors, enabling two-way communication amongst actors working toward risk reduction. This communication and exchange of information enables development of strategies and actions taken toward creating and improving risk mitigation measures within a given territory and community. Further, management actions taken (especially for mitigative measures) can alter the physical and social elements of the spatial context of their territory.2 This demands an adjustment of the previous risk assessment information and communication of the change in potential risk. These conceptual underpinnings are addressed and presented through explanation of an analytical framework encompassing changing risk inputs into risk governance processes. The framework elaborates the risk communication component and is supported by practical examples from stakeholder meetings and site visits in the Polish and Romania case study areas of the Marie Curie ITN, CHANGES.3 Specific examples are provided especially within the topic of mitigation through spatial planning, as one of the risk management actors using the provided risk information to implement effective measures. Results of example analysis indicate that, in Poland, alteration in risk assessment methods according to the implementation of the EU Floods Directive may be detrimental to local level management strategies. In the case of Romania, evidence suggests that severe deficiencies exist in the communication and use of risk assessment information especially in the formation and implementation of land use plans. Utilizing these and other examples, the research concludes with some key points gleaned from the combination of the both conceptual and practical approach in order to foster dialogue and discussion toward future research.

Sprague, Teresa; Prenger-Berninghoff, Kathrin; Charrière, Marie

2013-04-01

288

Rethinking the relationship between flood risk perception and flood management.  

PubMed

Although flood risk perceptions and their concomitant motivations for behaviour have long been recognised as significant features of community resilience in the face of flooding events, there has, for some time now, been a poorly appreciated fissure in the accompanying literature. Specifically, rationalist and constructivist paradigms in the broader domain of risk perception provide different (though not always conflicting) contexts for interpreting evidence and developing theory. This contribution reviews the major constructs that have been applied to understanding flood risk perceptions and contextualises these within broader conceptual developments around risk perception theory and contemporary thinking around flood risk management. We argue that there is a need to re-examine and re-invigorate flood risk perception research, in a manner that is comprehensively underpinned by more constructivist thinking around flood risk management as well as by developments in broader risk perception research. We draw attention to an historical over-emphasis on the cognitive perceptions of those at risk to the detriment of a richer understanding of a wider range of flood risk perceptions such as those of policy-makers or of tax-payers who live outside flood affected areas as well as the linkages between these perspectives and protective measures such as state-supported flood insurance schemes. Conclusions challenge existing understandings of the relationship between risk perception and flood management, particularly where the latter relates to communication strategies and the extent to which those at risk from flooding feel responsible for taking protective actions. PMID:24530580

Birkholz, S; Muro, M; Jeffrey, P; Smith, H M

2014-04-15

289

Integrated Waste Treatment Unit GFSI Risk Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

This GFSI Risk Management Plan (RMP) describes the strategy for assessing and managing project risks for the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (IWTU) that are specifically within the control and purview of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and identifies the risks that formed the basis for the DOE contingency included in the performance baseline. DOE-held contingency is required to cover cost and schedule impacts of DOE activities. Prior to approval of the performance baseline (Critical Decision-2) project cost contingency was evaluated during a joint meeting of the Contractor Management Team and the Integrated Project Team for both contractor and DOE risks to schedule and cost. At that time, the contractor cost and schedule risk value was $41.3M and the DOE cost and schedule risk contingency value is $39.0M. The contractor cost and schedule risk value of $41.3M was retained in the performance baseline as the contractor's management reserve for risk contingency. The DOE cost and schedule risk value of $39.0M has been retained in the performance baseline as the DOE Contingency. The performance baseline for the project was approved in December 2006 (Garman 2006). The project will continue to manage to the performance baseline and change control thresholds identified in PLN-1963, ''Idaho Cleanup Project Sodium-Bearing Waste Treatment Project Execution Plan'' (PEP).

W. A. Owca

2007-06-21

290

Li-Fraumeni syndrome: cancer risk assessment and clinical management.  

PubMed

Carriers of germline mutations in the TP53 gene, encoding the cell-cycle regulator and tumour suppressor p53, have a markedly increased risk of cancer-related morbidity and mortality during both childhood and adulthood, and thus require appropriate and effective cancer risk management. However, the predisposition of such patients to multiorgan tumorigenesis presents a specific challenge for cancer risk management programmes. Herein, we review the clinical implications of germline mutations in TP53 and the evidence for cancer screening and prevention strategies in individuals carrying such mutations, as well as examining the potential psychosocial implications of lifelong management for a ubiquitous cancer risk. In addition, we propose an evidence-based framework for the clinical management of TP53 mutation carriers and provide a platform for addressing the management of other cancer predisposition syndromes that can affect multiple organs. PMID:24642672

McBride, Kate A; Ballinger, Mandy L; Killick, Emma; Kirk, Judy; Tattersall, Martin H N; Eeles, Rosalind A; Thomas, David M; Mitchell, Gillian

2014-05-01

291

Reliability of Fitness Tests Using Methods and Time Periods Common in Sport and Occupational Management  

PubMed Central

Context: Fitness testing is used frequently in many areas of physical activity, but the reliability of these measurements under real-world, practical conditions is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the reliability of specific fitness tests using the methods and time periods used in the context of real-world sport and occupational management. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Eighteen different Cirque du Soleil shows. Patients or Other Participants: Cirque du Soleil physical performers who completed 4 consecutive tests (6-month intervals) and were free of injury or illness at each session (n = 238 of 701 physical performers). Intervention(s): Performers completed 6 fitness tests on each assessment date: dynamic balance, Harvard step test, handgrip, vertical jump, pull-ups, and 60-second jump test. Main Outcome Measure(s): We calculated the intraclass coefficient (ICC) and limits of agreement between baseline and each time point and the ICC over all 4 time points combined. Results: Reliability was acceptable (ICC > 0.6) over an 18-month time period for all pairwise comparisons and all time points together for the handgrip, vertical jump, and pull-up assessments. The Harvard step test and 60-second jump test had poor reliability (ICC < 0.6) between baseline and other time points. When we excluded the baseline data and calculated the ICC for 6-month, 12-month, and 18-month time points, both the Harvard step test and 60-second jump test demonstrated acceptable reliability. Dynamic balance was unreliable in all contexts. Limit-of-agreement analysis demonstrated considerable intraindividual variability for some tests and a learning effect by administrators on others. Conclusions: Five of the 6 tests in this battery had acceptable reliability over an 18-month time frame, but the values for certain individuals may vary considerably from time to time for some tests. Specific tests may require a learning period for administrators. PMID:22488138

Burnstein, Bryan D.; Steele, Russell J.; Shrier, Ian

2011-01-01

292

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Types of Risk  

E-print Network

, elimination of subsidies, increased protection for endangered species, land use restrictions Other Fire, theft, vandalism Table 1: Major risks associated with rangeland and livestock production in the United States (Holechek et al. 1998). E-113 10..., elimination of subsidies, increased protection for endangered species, land use restrictions Other Fire, theft, vandalism Table 1: Major risks associated with rangeland and livestock production in the United States (Holechek et al. 1998). E-113 10...

White, Larry D.; Hanselka, C. Wayne

2000-11-01

293

Improving Our Odds: Success through Continuous Risk Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Launching a rocket, running a business, driving to work and even day-to-day living all involve some degree of risk. Risk is ever present yet not always recognized, adequately assessed and appropriately mitigated. Identification, assessment and mitigation of risk are elements of the risk management component of the "continuous improvement" way of life that has become a hallmark of successful and progressive enterprises. While the application of risk management techniques to provide continuous improvement may be detailed and extensive, the philosophy, ideals and tools can be beneficially applied to all situations. Experiences with the use of risk identification, assessment and mitigation techniques for complex systems and processes are described. System safety efforts and tools used to examine potential risks of the Ares I First Stage of NASA s new Constellation Crew Launch Vehicle (CLV) presently being designed are noted as examples. Recommendations from lessons learned are provided for the application of risk management during the development of new systems as well as for the improvement of existing systems. Lessons learned and suggestions given are also examined for applicability to simple systems, uncomplicated processes and routine personal daily tasks. This paper informs the reader of varied uses of risk management efforts and techniques to identify, assess and mitigate risk for improvement of products, success of business, protection of people and enhancement of personal life.

Greenhalgh, Phillip O.

2009-01-01

294

Polychlorinated biphenyls and Hudson River white perch: implications for population-level ecological risk assessment and risk management.  

PubMed

Risk assessments and risk management decisions concerning risks to wild fish populations resulting from exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and related chemicals have been based primarily on observations of effects of chemicals on individual organisms. Although the development and application of population-level ecological risk-assessment methods is proceeding at a rapid pace, the organism-level approach is still being justified by arguments that population-level ecological risk assessment is in an early stage of development and has not been shown to be reliable. This article highlights the importance of including population-level effects in risk-management decision-making, by examining the effects of exposures to PCBs on fish populations inhabiting the Hudson River, New York, USA, a system in which data have been collected for approximately 30 y concerning both concentrations of PCBs in sediment and fish tissue and the abundance and reproduction of exposed fish populations. We previously tested hypotheses concerning the effects of PCBs on the striped bass population of the Hudson River, and found that the available data conflicted with all of these hypotheses. Here, we report results of similar analyses of effects of historic PCB exposures on the Hudson River white perch population, using an extended data set that recently became available. As with striped bass, we found no correlation between maternal PCB tissue concentrations and any measure of reproductive success in Hudson River white perch during the 30-y period covered by the data set. Together with results of studies performed on fish populations exposed to PCBs at other sites, our results clearly demonstrate that physiological and genetic adaptation, biological compensation, and other ecological processes influence responses of fish populations to PCB exposures and should be considered in risk management decision-making. PMID:20050031

Barnthouse, Lawrence W; Glaser, David; DeSantis, Liane

2009-07-01

295

Coastal risk management: How to motivate individual economic decisions to lower flood risk?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coastal flood risk is defined as a product of probability of event and its effect, measured in terms of damage. The paper is focused on coastal management strategies aimed to decrease risk by decreasing potential damage. We review socio-economic literature to show that total flood damage depends on individual location choices in the housing market and on individual flood risk

Tatiana Filatova; Jan P. M. Mulder; Anne van der Veen

2011-01-01

296

[Economic evaluation and rationale for human health risk management decisions].  

PubMed

The priority task of human health maintenance and improvement is risk management using the new economic concepts based on the assessment of potential and real human risks from exposure to poor environmental factors and on the estimation of cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness ratios. The application of economic tools to manage a human risk makes it possible to assess various measures both as a whole and their individual priority areas, to rank different scenarios in terms of their effectiveness, to estimate costs per unit of risk reduction and benefit increase (damage decrease). PMID:21845769

Fokin, S G; Bobkova, T E

2011-01-01

297

[Economic evaluation and rationale for human health risk management decisions].  

PubMed

The priority task of human health maintenance and improvement is risk management using the new economic concepts based on the assessment of potential and real human risks from exposure to poor environmental factors and on the estimation of cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness ratios. The application of economic tools to manage a human risk makes it possible to assess various measures both as a whole and their individual priority areas, to rank different scenarios in terms of their effectiveness, to estimate costs per unit of risk reduction and benefit increase (damage decrease). PMID:21842745

Bobkova, T E; Fokin, S G

2011-01-01

298

Extracting additional risk managers information from a risk assessment of Listeria monocytogenes in deli meats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The risk assessment study of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods conducted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is an example of an extensive quantitative microbiological risk assessment that could be used by risk analysts and other scientists to obtain information and by managers and stakeholders to make decisions on food safety management. The present study was conducted to investigate

F. Pérez-Rodríguez; Asselt van E. D; R. M. García-Gimeno; G. Zurera; M. H. Zwietering

2007-01-01

299

Earthquake disaster risk management planning in schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to develop an appropriate earthquake disaster management system for Iranian schools with a main focus on non-structural problems of schools during disasters. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A framework is proposed for disaster management planning regarding earthquakes in three phases: before, during, and after an earthquake. A detailed description of the proposed management system is also presented with

Mahmood Hosseini; Yasamin O. Izadkhah

2006-01-01

300

Geo-risk in Central Africa: integrating multi-hazards and vulnerability to support risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In some places, geo-hazards are a major concern for population, the assets, and the economy. This is especially the case in the East African Rift (EAR), where high volcanic and tectonic activities are sometimes coupled with geopolitical issues and dense population as in the Kivu rift area. That area is one of the most densely populated regions of Central Africa and is affected by decades of political instability and subsequent humanitarian crisis. In that region, geo-hazards are poorly assessed despite the numerous recent and historical events. Moreover, the relief of the rift also corresponds in this area to the main political boundaries, which complicates the coordination and the management of geo-hazards monitoring networks and related mitigation measures. Based on the experience acquired through several projects focused on hazard assessment and reinforcement of local monitoring capacity, the GeoRisCA project is addressing the assessment of the global risk related to the major geohazards that affect the region. Taking into account the identified factors, GeoRisCA's objective is to assess the risk from multi geohazards in a region which is subject to many (possibly combined) disasters every year and which could undergo a large impact disaster in the coming years. At regional scale, the high seismicity and the volcanic activity are the most important concerns. Possible eruptions of lethal gas in certain area around Goma, and the large number of reported and likely future mass movements as well as site-specific seismic amplification effects increase the danger at local scale. As both human lives and specific ecosystems are under threat, comprehensive methodologies are required to reliably assess multi geohazards over both short and long terms and to clearly outline and map related risk. These tools are needed by local and regional authorities as well as local and international stakeholders in management and mitigation processes. Developed methodologies in GeoRisCA combine hazard and vulnerability factors, as well as risk perception indicators. Such an approach combining natural and human sciences to address georisks globally at a regional scale has never been performed in that region so far.

Kervyn, Francois; Nicolas, d'Oreye; Haventith, Hans-Balder; Kervyn, Matthieu; Caroline, Michellier; Trefon, Theodore; Wolff, Eleonore

2013-04-01

301

75 FR 69791 - Risk Management Controls for Brokers or Dealers With Market Access  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that a ``one-size-fits-all'' model for risk management controls and supervisory...execution as demonstrated by reasonable risk management models. Any broker-dealer relying on risk management models to discount the exposure of...

2010-11-15

302

USING BIOASSAYS TO EVALUATE THE PERFORMANCE OF EDC RISK MANAGEMENT METHODS  

EPA Science Inventory

In Superfund risk management research, the performance of risk management techniques is typically evaluated by measuring "the concentrations of the chemicals of concern before and after risk management efforts. However, using bioassays and chemical data provides a more robust und...

303

Nanotechnology—Life-Cycle Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientists, risk practitioners, and regulators have debated the need to be proactive in assessing the potential health and environmental risks and benefits of unregulated nano-scale technologies. Many nanotech-based products and applications are already in use or development. Application of a proactive risk-based approach that considers the life cycle of the product, rather than a precautionary principle approach that would likely

Leonard Sweet; Bradford Strohm

2006-01-01

304

Objective Risk Evaluation for Automated Security Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network security depends on a number of factors. And a common characteristic of these factors is that they are dynamic in\\u000a nature. Such factors include new vulnerabilities and threats, the network policy structure and traffic. These factors can\\u000a be divided into two broad categories. Network risk and service risk. As the name implies, the former one corresponds to risk\\u000a associated

Mohammad Salim Ahmed; Ehab Al-Shaer; Mohamed Taibah; Latifur Khan

2011-01-01

305

Construct Validation and Test-Retest Reliability of the Seniors in the Community: Risk Evaluation for Eating and Nutrition Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. We performed two studies. Study 1 was a construct validation of Seniors in the Community: Risk Evaluation for Eating and Nutrition (SCREEN), a 15-item questionnaire for assessing nutritional risk. In Study 2, we ex- amined the test-retest reliability of SCREEN. Methods. Study 1 was a cross-sectional study, and Study 2 was a cohort study. For Study 1, ten diverse

Heather H. Keller; Jacquelyn D. McKenzie; Richard E. Goy

2001-01-01

306

Application of Risk Assessment Tools in the Continuous Risk Management (CRM) Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is currently implementing the Continuous Risk Management (CRM) Program developed by the Carnegie Mellon University and recommended by NASA as the Risk Management (RM) implementation approach. The four most frequently used risk assessment tools in the center are: (a) Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Hazard Analysis (HA), Fault Tree Analysis (FTA), and Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA). There are some guidelines for selecting the type of risk assessment tools during the project formulation phase of a project, but there is not enough guidance as to how to apply these tools in the Continuous Risk Management process (CRM). But the ways the safety and risk assessment tools are used make a significant difference in the effectiveness in the risk management function. Decisions regarding, what events are to be included in the analysis, to what level of details should the analysis be continued, make significant difference in the effectiveness of risk management program. Tools of risk analysis also depends on the phase of a project e.g. at the initial phase of a project, when not much data are available on hardware, standard FMEA cannot be applied; instead a functional FMEA may be appropriate. This study attempted to provide some directives to alleviate the difficulty in applying FTA, PRA, and FMEA in the CRM process. Hazard Analysis was not included in the scope of the study due to the short duration of the summer research project.

Ray, Paul S.

2002-01-01

307

Fluvial flood risk management in a changing world  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Flood risk emerges from the interaction of hazard and vulnerability. Over recent decades the notion of risk being the basis for flood management decisions has become widely accepted and operationalised through the use of models and quantified risk analysis providing the evidence for risk-informed decision making. However, it is now abundantly apparent that changes in time, at a range of scales, of pertinent variables that determine risk are not a second order consideration but, instead, fundamentally challenge the conventional approach to flood risk management. The nature of some of these changes, particularly those that operate on extended timescales, are highly uncertain, yet decisions that may have implications for several decades still have to be taken. In this paper we explore how flood risk management may be adapted to address processes of uncertain future change. We identify a range of levels at which change may be incorporated in decision making: in the representation of uncertain non-stationary quantities; in the rules that are used to identify preferred options; in the variety of options that may be contemplated for flood risk management; in the scope of problem definition, which increasingly extends to address multiple hazards and multiple functions of river basins; and in the social and organizational characteristics that promote adaptive capacity. Integrated responses to changing flood risk need to attend to each of these levels of decision making, from the technicalities of non-stationarity, to the promotion of resilient societies.

Merz, B.; Hall, J.; Disse, M.; Schumann, A.

2010-03-01

308

Comprehensive cardiovascular risk management - what does it mean in practice?  

PubMed Central

The continued movement away from the treatment of individual cardiovascular (CV) risk factors to managing overall and lifetime CV risk is likely to have a significant impact on slowing the rate of increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the management of CVD is currently far from optimal even in parts of the world with well-developed and well-funded healthcare systems. Effective implementation of the knowledge, treatment guidelines, diagnostic tools, therapeutic interventions, and management programs that exist for CVD continues to evade us. A thorough understanding of the multifactorial nature of CVD is essential to its effective management. Improvements continue to be made to management guidelines, risk assessment tools, treatments, and care programs pertaining to CVD. Ultimately, however, preventing the epidemic of CVD will require a combination of both medical and public health approaches. In addition to improvements in the “high-risk” strategy, management, an increase in the utilization of population-based management strategies needs to be made to attempt to reduce the number of patients falling within the “at-risk” stratum for CVD. This review outlines how a comprehensive approach to CVD management might be achieved. PMID:18078010

Erhardt, Leif; Moller, Robert; Garcia Puig, Juan

2007-01-01

309

Modeling Risks in Infrastructure Asset Management  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3. Long-term Model Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 4. Short-term Model Formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 D. Network Rehabilitation Models with Risk De ned by Pavement Deterioration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 1.... Continuous Pavement State Model . . . . . . . . . . . 83 2. The Risk Function and Its CVaR . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 3. Short-term Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 E. Numerical Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 1...

Seyedolshohadaie, Seyed Reza

2012-10-19

310

Risk Management Institute RMI Research Workshop Series  

E-print Network

but also higher risk premia on Libor loans, swap contracts and corporate bonds. Linkages between risk and was a Research Fellow of the Bank of Canada. In 2007, he became full professor at the EDHEC Business School problems related to trading. He published extensively in these areas and his joint monograph with J

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

311

Clinical risk scores to guide perioperative management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perioperative morbidity is associated with reduced long term survival. Comorbid disease, cardiovascular illness, and functional capacity can predispose patients to adverse surgical outcomes. Accurate risk stratification would facilitate informed patient consent and identify those individuals who may benefit from specific perioperative interventions. The ideal clinical risk scoring system would be objective, accurate, economical, simple to perform, based entirely on information

Sarah Barnett; Suneetha Ramani Moonesinghe

2011-01-01

312

RISK MANAGEMENT FOR INDOOR PARTICULATE MATTER  

EPA Science Inventory

Because people spend 90% of their time indoors, exposure to particulate matter indoors is a major contributor to the risk associated with particulate matter. The risk due to indoor exposure is probably even higher for susceptible populations such as the elderly, the sick, and t...

313

Information security is information risk management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security is important in proportion to an organization's dependence on information technology. When an organization's information is exposed to risk, the use of information security technology is obviously appropriate. Current information security technology, however, deals with only a small fraction of the problem of information risk. In fact, the evidence increasingly suggests that information security technology does not reduce

Bob Blakley; Ellen McDermott; Dan Geer

2001-01-01

314

Towards coastal risk management in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

The coastal territories of mainland France constitute a prime example of an at-risk territory, with their growing concentrations of people and economic activities located mostly on a coastal fringe that is subject to shoreline retreat and coastal flooding. The perspective of higher sea levels due to climate changes exacerbates the risk that these territories will be exposed to natural coastal

Philippe Deboudt

2010-01-01

315

Generating Personalised Cardiovascular Risk Management Educational Interventions Linking  

E-print Network

72 Generating Personalised Cardiovascular Risk Management Educational Interventions Linking SCORE and Behaviour Change Selena Davis, Syed Abidi, Jafna Cox* Health Informatics Laboratory, Faculty of Computer Science, and *Departments of Medicine and of Community Health and Epidemiology, QEII Health Sciences

Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

316

It Risk Management: From IT Necessity to Strategic Business Value  

E-print Network

With information technology becoming an increasingly important part of every enterprise, managing IT risk has become critically important for CIOs and their business counterparts. However, the complexity of IT makes it ...

Westerman, George

2007-12-07

317

INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY AND ITS RELEVANCE TO RISK MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

In the past indoor environmental risk management has, for the most part, focused on control of primary pollutants, which enter the indoor environment directly from outdoor and indoor sources. Recent developments in indoor chemistry suggest that secondary pollutants, generated by ...

318

ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY Risk Management Services, University of Alberta  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY Risk Management Services, University of Alberta www planning, assessment and audits Develop and implement health & safety policies, procedures and programs, regulations and standards & health and safety records Review safe work procedures Testing and coordination

Machel, Hans

319

A challenge for land and risk managers: differents stakeholders, differents definitions of the risks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developing countries, mountain populations and territories are subject to multiple risks and vulnerabilities. In addition, they face even greater challenges than developed countries due to lack of knowledge, resources and technology. There are many different types of actors in society that manage risk at various scales and levels (i.e. engineers, geologists, administrators, land use planners, merchants and local indigenous and non-indigenous people). Because of limited resources and possibilities to reduce all types of risk, these different actors, or 'risk managers' have to choose and compete to prioritize which types of risks to address. This paper addresses a case study from San Cristobal Altaverapaz, Guatemala where a large landslide "Los Chorros", a catastrophic collapse of 6 millions cubic meters of rock, is affecting several communities and one of the country's main west-east access highways. In this case, the government established that the "primary" risk is the landslide, whereas other local stakeholders consider the primary risks to be economic This paper, situated at the cross section between political science, geography and disaster risk management, addresses the social conflict and competition for priorities and solutions for risk management, depending on the group of actors based on the on-going Los Chorros, Guatemala landslide mitigation process. This work is based on the analysis of practices, (Practical Science), policies and institutions in order to understand how the inclusion of multiple stakeholders in determining risk priorities can lead to more sustainable risk management in a given territory. The main objective of this investigation is first to identify and understand the juxtaposition of different readings of the risk equation, usually considered the interface between vulnerability, exposure and hazards. Secondly, it is to analyze the mechanisms of actions taken by various stakeholders, or risk managers. The analysis focuses on the various solutions proposed for reducing vulnerabilities (and consequentially their risks). To resolve a post-disaster situation, the actors prioritize one main type of vulnerability to address a set of vulnerabilities (in a multi-vulnerability context). With this choice, they define their own acceptable risk limits and the type of action that is most relevant. In doing so, they have to determine what elements can be changed and improved and which elements must be considered essential and preserved or the priority variables. These may include: equipment, production facilities, networks, services, modes of production and organizations, etc. or various economic and social capitals upon which individuals and groups rely for recovering from a post-disaster situation. Depending on the actor, certain factors will be will be emphasized over others and these may change over time. Linked with this political, institutional and geographical analysis of risk management, this work also questions who are the legitimate actors and the right criteria to prioritize risk reduction actions using public funds criteria and finally, which motivations are satisfied. In this sense, the challenge for managers of natural hazards is to move from risk management in the strict sense, which focuses mainly on hazards only, to a broader risks management, taking into consideration what is important for society and for the functioning of systems (what have not be vulnerable in a territorial system). In a context where risk and risk management is produced and managed by both formal and informal stakeholders, the main issue is how to engage the various stakeholders and evaluate different priorities of risk in order to determine which actions are best suited for a more balanced approach to risk management. This case study demonstrates that reducing landslide risk is subject to interpretation depending on the stakeholder and the result of priorities, providing on the role of each actor, their needs and range of action with a territory.

Fernandez, M.; Ruegg, J.

2012-04-01

320

IDENTIFICATION OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS OF PROBABILISTIC RELIABILITY INDICES FOR MONETARY EVALUATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the new conditions in liberalized elec- tricity markets, the cost pressure on the utility companies is steadily increasing. The respective cost saving programs are likely to have a negative effect on supply reliability. At the same time, supply reliability is evolving into a key characteristic. So, the knowledge of the supply reliability of individual customers is becoming a vital

Michael Schwan; Wolfram H. Wellssow; Hans-Jürgen Koglin

321

Initial Evidence for the Reliability and Validity of the Student Risk Screening Scale with Elementary Age English Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report findings of a validation study exploring the Student Risk Screening Scale (SRSS; Drummond, 1994) for use with English learners (ELs) attending a large suburban elementary school. First, we explored the reliability of the SRSS by examining internal consistency, with results indicating adequate internal consistency (0.83). Second, we…

Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Richards-Tutor, Catherine; Oakes, Wendy Peia; Connor, Kristin

2014-01-01

322

The Reliability of a Survey Question on Television Viewing and Associations With Health Risk Factors in US Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into the accuracy of self-reported measures used to quantify physical inactivity has been limited. The purposes of the current report were to examine the reliability of a survey question assessing time spent watching television and to describe associations between television watching and physical activity and health risk factors. Data from this cross-sectional investigation were obtained from a study designed

Kelley K. Pettee; Sandra A. Ham; Caroline A. Macera; Barbara E. Ainsworth

2009-01-01

323

RISK MANAGEMENT WORKSHEET (CDTCMD Reg 385-10; proponent agency is Cadet Command Safety)  

E-print Network

RISK MANAGEMENT WORKSHEET (CDTCMD Reg 385-10; proponent agency is Cadet Command Safety) 1 385-1-R-E, Apr 01 Risk Assessment and Risk Management Countermeasure Worksheets in CC Reg 145-3 are OBSOLETE #12;Sample Risk Management Worksheet RISK MANAGEMENT WORKSHEET (CDTCMD Reg 385-10; proponent

Maxwell, Bruce D.

324

An overview of the evolution of human reliability analysis in the context of probabilistic risk assessment.  

SciTech Connect

Since the Reactor Safety Study in the early 1970's, human reliability analysis (HRA) has been evolving towards a better ability to account for the factors and conditions that can lead humans to take unsafe actions and thereby provide better estimates of the likelihood of human error for probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs). The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of recent reviews of operational events and advances in the behavioral sciences that have impacted the evolution of HRA methods and contributed to improvements. The paper discusses the importance of human errors in complex human-technical systems, examines why humans contribute to accidents and unsafe conditions, and discusses how lessons learned over the years have changed the perspective and approach for modeling human behavior in PRAs of complicated domains such as nuclear power plants. It is argued that it has become increasingly more important to understand and model the more cognitive aspects of human performance and to address the broader range of factors that have been shown to influence human performance in complex domains. The paper concludes by addressing the current ability of HRA to adequately predict human failure events and their likelihood.

Bley, Dennis C. (Buttonwood Consulting Inc., Oakton, VA); Lois, Erasmia (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Kolaczkowski, Alan M. (Science Applications International Corporation, Eugene, OR); Forester, John Alan; Wreathall, John (John Wreathall and Co., Dublin, OH); Cooper, Susan E. (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC)

2009-01-01

325

STRATEGIES FOR FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT – A PROCESS PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

To manage extreme flood events like the Weisseritz flash flood within the Elbe river basin in August 2002 and their adverse\\u000a impacts on people and properties, practitioners and scientists argue for a shift from the traditional paradigm of flood protection\\u000a to flood risk management (Schanze 2002, DKKV 2003, Hall et al. 2003). However, developing a risk-based strategy is a difficult

GÉRARD HUTTER

326

[Quality improvement: recommendations for risks and irregularities management].  

PubMed

This document describes the different steps to implement for the risk management system in a medical laboratory. The risk management and the treatment of non-conformities are two essential pieces in the continuous improvement of quality system. Taking into account, according to the requirements, the non-conformities leads to immediately remedial action, with corrective action to avoid recurrence is a real task for information and continuous improvement. PMID:23765016

Pernas, P

2013-06-01

327

ePORT, NASA's Computer Database Program for System Safety Risk Management Oversight (Electronic Project Online Risk Tool)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ePORT (electronic Project Online Risk Tool) provides a systematic approach to using an electronic database program to manage a program/project risk management processes. This presentation will briefly cover the standard risk management procedures, then thoroughly cover NASA's Risk Management tool called ePORT. This electronic Project Online Risk Tool (ePORT) is a web-based risk management program that provides a common framework to capture and manage risks, independent of a programs/projects size and budget. It is used to thoroughly cover the risk management paradigm providing standardized evaluation criterion for common management reporting, ePORT improves Product Line, Center and Corporate Management insight, simplifies program/project manager reporting, and maintains an archive of data for historical reference.

Johnson, Paul W.

2008-01-01

328

Managing Climate Risk. Integrating Adaptation into World Bank Group Operations  

SciTech Connect

Climate change is already taking place, and further changes are inevitable. Developing countries, and particularly the poorest people in these countries, are most at risk. The impacts result not only from gradual changes in temperature and sea level but also, in particular, from increased climate variability and extremes, including more intense floods, droughts, and storms. These changes are already having major impacts on the economic performance of developing countries and on the lives and livelihoods of millions of poor people around the world. Climate change thus directly affects the World Bank Group's mission of eradicating poverty. It also puts at risk many projects in a wide range of sectors, including infrastructure, agriculture, human health, water resources, and environment. The risks include physical threats to the investments, potential underperformance, and the possibility that projects will indirectly contribute to rising vulnerability by, for example, triggering investment and settlement in high-risk areas. The way to address these concerns is not to separate climate change adaptation from other priorities but to integrate comprehensive climate risk management into development planning, programs, and projects. While there is a great need to heighten awareness of climate risk in Bank work, a large body of experience on climate risk management is already available, in analytical work, in country dialogues, and in a growing number of investment projects. This operational experience highlights the general ingredients for successful integration of climate risk management into the mainstream development agenda: getting the right sectoral departments and senior policy makers involved; incorporating risk management into economic planning; engaging a wide range of nongovernmental actors (businesses, nongovernmental organizations, communities, and so on); giving attention to regulatory issues; and choosing strategies that will pay off immediately under current climate conditions. There are several ways in which the World Bank Group can continue helping its clients better manage climate risks to poverty reduction and sustainable development: Integrating climate risk management into the project cycle, by adopting early risk identification (for instance by applying a quick and simple risk-screening tool) and following up throughout the design process if necessary. Integrating climate risk management into country and sector dialogues, especially in countries and sectors that are particularly vulnerable. Enhancing internal support for and coordination of climate risk management by, for example, expanding analytical work and capacity for cross-support by the Global Climate Change Team and the Hazard Management Unit of the World Bank and by actively developing climate risk management activities within regional departments. Supporting the establishment of proper financing mechanisms for adaptation, using, for example, the Investment Framework for Clean Energy and Development. New funding mechanisms created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and being made operational by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), as well as the Kyoto Protocol, should be used to leverage maximum adaptation results within the Bank's broad range of development activities and investments. By enhancing climate risk management, the World Bank Group will be able to address the growing risks from climate change and, at the same time, make current development investments more resilient to climate variability and extreme weather events. In that way, climate risk management will not only guard the Bank's investments in a changing climate but will also improve the impact of development efforts right now.

Van Aalst, M. [Global Environment Facility Program, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank Group, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-08-15

329

Behavior-Based Safety and Occupational Risk Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The behavior-based approach to managing occupational risk and preventing workplace injuries is reviewed. Unlike the typical top-down control approach to industrial safety, behavior-based safety (BBS) provides tools and procedures workers can use to take personal control of occupational risks. Strategies the author and his colleagues have been…

Geller, E. Scott

2005-01-01

330

Tort Liability and Risk Management in Adventure Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the premise that the benefits of adventure education far outweigh risks in any well managed program, this document provides such programs, which stand on relatively untested ground in the eye of the law in this litigious society, with strategies for reduction of risk by controlling the nature and frequency of accidents. The first section…

Rubendall, Robert L., Jr.

331

Adaptive Patient Education Framework Featuring Personalized Cardiovascular Risk Management  

E-print Network

Adaptive Patient Education Framework Featuring Personalized Cardiovascular Risk Management Interventions Selena Davis and Syed Sibte Raza Abidi Health Informatics Laboratory, Faculty of Computer Science of cardiovascular risk. We present a web-based adaptive hypermedia system to create and deliver the personalized

Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

332

MS ANTWERPEN: Emergency Management Training for Low-Risk Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emergency management training programs have been developed mostly for trainees from high-risk environments such as aviation or the chemical industry. This article describes a training program for staff members from low-risk environments such as hospitals or hotels, where the awareness of potential dangers is usually low and emergency plans are…

Strohschneider, Stefan; Gerdes, Jurgen

2004-01-01

333

Deterministic Simulation for Risk Management QuasiMonte Carlo beats  

E-print Network

Risk Management Department at Barclays Capital, New York (Spassimir.Paskov@barclayscapital.com). #12; 2 of a portfolio that depends on the market risk factors x x 1 , , # d . Denote by F L the cumulative distribution function of the loss, F

Papageorgiou, Anargyros

334

Uncertainty and risk in wildland fire management: a review.  

PubMed

Wildland fire management is subject to manifold sources of uncertainty. Beyond the unpredictability of wildfire behavior, uncertainty stems from inaccurate/missing data, limited resource value measures to guide prioritization across fires and resources at risk, and an incomplete scientific understanding of ecological response to fire, of fire behavior response to treatments, and of spatiotemporal dynamics involving disturbance regimes and climate change. This work attempts to systematically align sources of uncertainty with the most appropriate decision support methodologies, in order to facilitate cost-effective, risk-based wildfire planning efforts. We review the state of wildfire risk assessment and management, with a specific focus on uncertainties challenging implementation of integrated risk assessments that consider a suite of human and ecological values. Recent advances in wildfire simulation and geospatial mapping of highly valued resources have enabled robust risk-based analyses to inform planning across a variety of scales, although improvements are needed in fire behavior and ignition occurrence models. A key remaining challenge is a better characterization of non-market resources at risk, both in terms of their response to fire and how society values those resources. Our findings echo earlier literature identifying wildfire effects analysis and value uncertainty as the primary challenges to integrated wildfire risk assessment and wildfire management. We stress the importance of identifying and characterizing uncertainties in order to better quantify and manage them. Leveraging the most appropriate decision support tools can facilitate wildfire risk assessment and ideally improve decision-making. PMID:21489684

Thompson, Matthew P; Calkin, Dave E

2011-08-01

335

Eating disorders in athletes: managing the risks.  

PubMed

Athletes risk injuries and make personal sacrifices in their education, careers, and personal relationships in pursuit of excellence. Well-prepared athletes and their support teams take steps to minimize these risks. Since the 1980s, it has been apparent that development of an eating disorder is a risk associated with considerable morbidity and significant mortality, and with shorter careers characterized by inconsistency and recurrent injury. How likely is it that an athlete will develop an eating disorder? Who is at risk? Can eating disorders be prevented? How can eating disorders be identified? What are the consequences of developing an eating disorder? What can be done to help an athlete who has an eating disorder? This article attempts to answer these questions. PMID:16169451

Currie, Alan; Morse, Eric D

2005-10-01

336

SUPPORTING INTEGRATED RISK MANAGEMENT PLANNING FOR THE  

E-print Network

. These risks that affect the built environment and threaten human life are becoming major societal issues the incidence of fires; reducing loss of life in fires and accidents; reducing the number and severity

Johnson, Chris

337

Sexual Violence Risk Assessment: An Investigation of the Interrater Reliability of Professional Judgments Made Using the Risk for Sexual Violence Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RSVP is a set of structured professional judgment guidelines for assessing risk of sexual violence. We investigated the interrater reliability (IRR) of judgments made using the RSVP in a multidisciplinary forensic-clinical context. Raters were 28 forensic mental health and intellectual disability professionals with diverse training and experience. They used the RSVP to evaluate six case vignettes that varied with

Alan A. Sutherland; Lorraine Johnstone; Kate M. Davidson; Stephen D. Hart; David J. Cooke; P. Randall Kropp; Caroline Logan; Christine Michie; Ruth Stocks

2012-01-01

338

Psychological Foundations of Supply Chain Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Population statistics may be useful in overall characterization of risk, but ultimately, as Zuckerman (2007) notes, the way\\u000a that risk is experienced is a matter of subjective assessment as represented in individual perception. In a managerial context,\\u000a it is aggregation and interaction of these individual assessments in relatively small (at least as compared with society)\\u000a organizational groups that drives business

Michael E. Smith

339

The possibilities of applying a risk-oriented approach to the NPP reliability and safety enhancement problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis and some generalizations of approaches to risk assessments are presented. Interconnection between different interpretations of the "risk" notion is shown, and the possibility of applying the fuzzy set theory to risk assessments is demonstrated. A generalized formulation of the risk assessment notion is proposed in applying risk-oriented approaches to the problem of enhancing reliability and safety in nuclear power engineering. The solution of problems using the developed risk-oriented approaches aimed at achieving more reliable and safe operation of NPPs is described. The results of studies aimed at determining the need (advisability) to modernize/replace NPP elements and systems are presented together with the results obtained from elaborating the methodical principles of introducing the repair concept based on the equipment technical state. The possibility of reducing the scope of tests and altering the NPP systems maintenance strategy is substantiated using the risk-oriented approach. A probabilistic model for estimating the validity of boric acid concentration measurements is developed.

Komarov, Yu. A.

2014-10-01

340

The Development of a Highly Reliable Power Management and Distribution System for Civil Transport Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA is pursuing a program in Advanced Subsonic Transport (AST) to develop the technology for a highly reliable Fly-By-Light/Power-By-WIre aircraft. One of the primary objectives of the program is to develop the technology base for confident application of integrated PBW components and systems to transport aircraft to improve operating reliability and efficiency. Technology will be developed so that the present hydraulic and pneumatic systems of the aircraft can be systematically eliminated and replaced by electrical systems. These motor driven actuators would move the aircraft wing surfaces as well as the rudder to provide steering controls for the pilot. Existing aircraft electrical systems are not flight critical and are prone to failure due to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) (1), ground faults and component failures. In order to successfully implement electromechanical flight control actuation, a Power Management and Distribution (PMAD) System must be designed having a reliability of 1 failure in 10(exp +9) hours, EMI hardening and a fault tolerance architecture to ensure uninterrupted power to all aircraft flight critical systems. The focus of this paper is to analyze, define, and describe technically challenging areas associated with the development of a Power By Wire Aircraft and typical requirements to be established at the box level. The authors will attempt to propose areas of investigation, citing specific military standards and requirements that need to be revised to accommodate the 'More Electric Aircraft Systems'.

Coleman, Anthony S.; Hansen, Irving G.

1994-01-01

341

Qualitative risk assessment as a remediation management tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technique used to complete this thesis utilizes existing NRC and EPA guidance on health-based risk to qualitatively prioritize preliminary assessments and provide a tool for the direction and management of remediation activities. This method is intended as a decision making tool to aid in prioritizing the remediation effort and manage the remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI\\/FS) process. It

Knutson

1991-01-01

342

Risk management in Chemical Supply Chains Rajagopalan Srinivasana,b  

E-print Network

Risk management in Chemical Supply Chains Rajagopalan Srinivasana,b a Department of Chemical Nowadays, efficient supply chain management has become critical to all businesses with benefits ranging to explicitly consider the entire supply chain structure while taking business decisions. Here, we describe

Alvarado, Matías

343

Risk Communication: A New Dimension in Sport-Fisheries Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of chemical contaminants in sport-caught fish has added a new dimension to the responsibility of fishery managers charged with providing angling opportunities while protecting human health. Issuing fish-consumption health advisories, either alone or in conjunction with a public health agency, is one appropriate management strategy. Risk communication theory provides a framework for developing and distributing advisories. This paper

Barbara A. Knuth

1990-01-01

344

DEVELOPMENT OF RISK-FOCUSED BANKING MANAGEMENT TENDENCIES AND PERSPECTIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis showed up the weakness in the management systems quality of national and international financial institutions, especially in Internal Control and Risk- management. At the last spring meetings International Monetary Fund and World Bank approved a number of measures to strengthen a structure of supervision, including the proposals of Financial Stability Forum (FSF). FSF encourages to enhance

2009-01-01

345

Packaging and transportation risk management and evaluation plan  

SciTech Connect

Shipments of radioactive materials and hazardous chemicals at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) are governed by a variety of Federal and state regulations, industrial standards, and LANL processes and procedures. Good judgement is exercised in situations that are not covered by regulations. As a result, the safety record for transporting hazardous materials at LANL has been excellent. However, future decisions should be made such that the decision-making process produces a defensible record of the safety of onsite shipments. This report proposes the development of a risk management tool to meet this need. First, the application of quantitative risk analysis methodology to transportation is presented to provide a framework of understanding. Risk analysis definitions, the basic quantitative risk analysis procedure, quantitative methodologies, transportation data bases, and risk presentation techniques are described. Quantitative risk analysis is frequently complex; but simplified approaches can be used as a management tool to make good decisions. Second, a plan to apply the use of risk management principles to the selection of routes, special administrative controls, and containers for hazardous material transportation at LANL is provided. A risk management tool is proposed that can be used by MAT-2 without substantial support from specialized safety and risk analysis personnel, e.g., HS-3. A workbook approach is proposed that can be automated at a later date. The safety of some types of onsite shipments at LANL is not well documented. Documenting that shipments are safe, i.e., present acceptable risks, will likely require elaborate analyses that should be thoroughly reviewed by safety and risk professionals. These detailed analyses are used as benchmarks and as examples for the use of the proposed tool by MAT-2. Once the benchmarks are established, the workbook can be used by MAT-2 to quantify that safety goals are met by similar shipments.

Rhyne, W.R. [H and R Technical Associates, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1993-09-01

346

Managing exploration risk using basin modeling  

SciTech Connect

Economic risk analysis requires a well's dry-hole probability and a probability distribution of type and volume of recoverable hydrocarbons. Today's world-wide exploration needs methods that can accommodate a wide variety of data quality and quantity. Monte Carlo methods are commonly used to compute volume distributions and dry hole probability by multiplying Probabilities of geologic risk factors such as source rock richness, migration loss, seal effectiveness etc. assuming that these are independent Parameters. This assumption however is not appropriate because they represent interdependent physical processes that should be treated by an integrated system. Basin modeling is a tool for assessing exploration risk by simulating the interdependent processes that lead to hydrocarbon accumulations. advanced 2-D and 3-D basin modeling can treat occurrence, type, and volumes of hydrocarbons. These models need many parameters that individually may have great uncertainties, but a calibration against available data may reduce their uncertainties significantly and therefore may quantify risk. Uncertainty of thermal and source rock parameters is evaluated by applying simple and fast 1-D tools to individual wells. Calibration of pressure and temperature data as well as occurrence and type of known hydrocarbon accumulations with 2-D tools evaluates uncertainty between wells along geologic cross-sections. Individual prospect risk is finally determined by the uncertainty of local parameters within the calibrated model, as for example seal effectiveness or fault permeability.

Wendebourg, J. (Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France))

1996-01-01

347

Managing exploration risk using basin modeling  

SciTech Connect

Economic risk analysis requires a well`s dry-hole probability and a probability distribution of type and volume of recoverable hydrocarbons. Today`s world-wide exploration needs methods that can accommodate a wide variety of data quality and quantity. Monte Carlo methods are commonly used to compute volume distributions and dry hole probability by multiplying Probabilities of geologic risk factors such as source rock richness, migration loss, seal effectiveness etc. assuming that these are independent Parameters. This assumption however is not appropriate because they represent interdependent physical processes that should be treated by an integrated system. Basin modeling is a tool for assessing exploration risk by simulating the interdependent processes that lead to hydrocarbon accumulations. advanced 2-D and 3-D basin modeling can treat occurrence, type, and volumes of hydrocarbons. These models need many parameters that individually may have great uncertainties, but a calibration against available data may reduce their uncertainties significantly and therefore may quantify risk. Uncertainty of thermal and source rock parameters is evaluated by applying simple and fast 1-D tools to individual wells. Calibration of pressure and temperature data as well as occurrence and type of known hydrocarbon accumulations with 2-D tools evaluates uncertainty between wells along geologic cross-sections. Individual prospect risk is finally determined by the uncertainty of local parameters within the calibrated model, as for example seal effectiveness or fault permeability.

Wendebourg, J. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1996-12-31

348

[Management of infection risk in asplenic patients].  

PubMed

Each year in France 6000 to 9000 patients are splenectomised or spleen embolized. As spleen has immunological functions, it contributes to protect against infections. Thus, hypo or asplenia increase the risk of infection, especially the risk of Overwhelming Post-Splenectomy Infection (OPSI). OPSI is a medical emergency, characterized by aspecific symptoms, which may rapidly progress to fulminant infection and death in 50% of cases within 48 h. Encapsulated bacteria as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Neisseria meningitidis are most of the time responsible of these infections in asplenic patients. To prevent OPSI, several measures are essential and must begin before a scheduled surgery or just after an urgent splenectomy. Patients must carry a card. The first proposed prevention measure is to enhance partial surgery when it's possible. Then, the two other measures, antibiotic prophylaxis and vaccination, shall be implemented whatever is the indication of surgery. Postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis by phenoxymethyl-penicillin is prescribed for two years minimum and lifelong prophylaxis should be offered to high risk of pneumococcal infection patients. Pneumococcal, H. influenzae type b and meningococcal vaccination should be administered 2 to 6 weeks before scheduled splenectomy and 2 weeks after urgent surgery. Yearly, patients must receive Influenza vaccination. As an interindividual variation exists in vaccinal response, measurement of serotype-specific antibodies can be used, if available, to individualized risk patients and to organize revaccination. Finally, to prevent OPSI, patient and next-of-kin must be educated about prevention measures and infectious risk to optimize patient's compliance. PMID:23538102

Dahyot-Fizelier, C; Debaene, B; Mimoz, O

2013-04-01

349

Managing Commodity Price Risk in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Part I. Overview and Background; Domestic Price Stabilization Schemes for Developing Countries; The Effects of Option Hedging on the Costs of Domestic Price Stabilization Schemes; Asset and Liability Management: Modern Financial Techniq...

S. Claessens, R. C. Duncan

1993-01-01

350

CANADIAN RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (CRM) The CRM designation is awarded to students who have successfully completed the three core courses in Risk  

E-print Network

successfully completed the three core courses in Risk Management. These core courses also comprise the Risk Management major for the Fellow-Chartered Insurance Professional (FCIP/FIIC) RISK MANAGEMENT COURSES: · Risk successfully complete the three core courses in Risk Management, which also comprise the risk management major

Martin, Jeff

351

78 FR 38311 - Reliability Technical Conference Agenda  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Protection Agency 5. Melanie M. Frye, Vice President, Operations and Planning, Western Electric Coordinating Council 6. Michael Moon, Senior Director of Reliability Risk Management, NERC 4:30 p.m. Commissioner Closing Remarks [FR Doc. 2013-15185...

2013-06-26

352

YOUNG ADULT DATING RELATIONSHIPS AND THE MANAGEMENT OF SEXUAL RISK  

PubMed Central

Young adult involvement in sexual behavior typically occurs within a relationship context, but we know little about the ways in which specific features of romantic relationships influence sexual decision-making. Prior work on sexual risk taking focuses attention on health issues rather than relationship dynamics. We draw on data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS) (n = 475) to examine the association between qualities and dynamics of current/most recent romantic relationships such as communication and emotional processes, conflict, demographic asymmetries, and duration and the management of sexual risk. We conceptualize ‘risk management’ as encompassing multiple domains, including (1) questioning the partner about previous sexual behaviors/risks, (2) using condoms consistently, and (3) maintaining sexual exclusivity within the relationship. We identify distinct patterns of risk management among dating young adults and find that specific qualities and dynamics of these relationships are linked to variations in risk management. Results from this paper suggest the need to consider relational dynamics in efforts to target and influence young adult sexual risk-taking and reduce STIs, including HIV. PMID:23805015

Manning, Wendy D.; Giordano, Peggy C.; Longmore, Monica A.; Flanigan, Christine M.

2012-01-01

353

Essays in financial economics and risk management  

E-print Network

.S., Chinese University of Hong Kong Co?Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Dennis W. Jansen Dr. Qi Li This dissertation contains three essays. Chapter II compares the performance of different Value-at-Risk (VaR) models during the Asian financial crisis. Since VaR... is widely used as a measure of risk, various methodologies have been suggested for estimating VaR. Authors including Tsay (2002) point out that different estimators can give very different results for VaR. Bao et al. (2006) look at predictive accuracy...

Zou, Lin

2009-05-15

354

Governance of environmental risk: new approaches to managing stakeholder involvement.  

PubMed

Disputes concerning industrial legacies such as the disposal of toxic wastes illustrate changing pressures on corporations and governments. Business and governments are now confronted with managing the expectations of a society increasingly aware of the social and environmental impacts and risks associated with economic development and demanding more equitable distribution and democratic management of such risks. The closed managerialist decision-making of the powerful bureaucracies and corporations of the industrial era is informed by traditional management theory which cannot provide a framework for the adequate governance of these risks. Recent socio-political theories have conceptualised some key themes that must be addressed in a more fitting approach to governance. We identify more recent management and governance theory which addresses these themes and develop a process-based approach to governance of environmental disputes that allows for the evolving nature of stakeholder relations in a highly complex multiple stakeholder arena. PMID:18768249

Benn, Suzanne; Dunphy, Dexter; Martin, Andrew

2009-04-01

355

Cancer Risk Management Decision Making for BRCA+ Women.  

PubMed

Women with pathogenic BRCA genetic mutations face high risks for cancer development. Estimates vary among mutation carriers, with lifetime risks ranging from 41% to 90% for breast cancer and 8% to 62% for ovarian cancer. Cancer risk management options for BRCA mutation positive (BRCA+) women have life-altering implications. This qualitative, phenomenological study explored the experience of cancer risk management decision making for women who are unaffected carriers of a BRCA mutation (previvors). Fifteen previvors recruited from Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE), an online informational and support group, were interviewed. Findings consisted of four major themes: the early previvor experience, intense emotional upheaval; the decisional journey, navigating a personal plan for survival; lack of knowledge and experience among health care providers; and support is essential. Findings highlight the different decisional perspectives of previvors based on age and individual factors and the need for increased competence among health care providers. PMID:24470135

Leonarczyk, Terri Jabaley; Mawn, Barbara E

2015-01-01

356

Robust Decision Making Approach to Managing Water Resource Risks (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IPCC and US National Academies of Science have recommended iterative risk management as the best approach for water management and many other types of climate-related decisions. Such an approach does not rely on a single set of judgments at any one time but rather actively updates and refines strategies as new information emerges. In addition, the approach emphasizes that a portfolio of different types of responses, rather than any single action, often provides the best means to manage uncertainty. Implementing an iterative risk management approach can however prove difficult in actual decision support applications. This talk will suggest that robust decision making (RDM) provides a particularly useful set of quantitative methods for implementing iterative risk management. This RDM approach is currently being used in a wide variety of water management applications. RDM employs three key concepts that differentiate it from most types of probabilistic risk analysis: 1) characterizing uncertainty with multiple views of the future (which can include sets of probability distributions) rather than a single probabilistic best-estimate, 2) employing a robustness rather than an optimality criterion to assess alternative policies, and 3) organizing the analysis with a vulnerability and response option framework, rather than a predict-then-act framework. This talk will summarize the RDM approach, describe its use in several different types of water management applications, and compare the results to those obtained with other methods.

Lempert, R.

2010-12-01

357

Managing Risk in the Modern World  

E-print Network

: Active Researchers and Practitioner Groups 23 Appendix 2: BN tools 25 References 26 November 2007 of Computer Science and the Head of the Risk Assessment and Decision Analysis Research Group (RADAR). Norman and joining academia Martin previously held senior positions with JP Morgan and Lloyds Register in the areas

Fenton, Norman

358

Assessing and Managing Violence Risk in Juveniles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highly practical and accessible, this is an indispensable resource for any mental health practitioner working with adolescents at risk for violent behavior. Presented is a comprehensive framework for evaluating justice-involved youth or those whose behavior in school, therapy sessions, or other contexts raises concern about violence. Detailed case…

Borum, Randy; Verhaagen, David

2006-01-01

359

LIQUIDITY RISK MANAGEMENT IN CRISIS CONDITIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to measure the liquidity risk we have developed an analysis model, based on stress-testing scenarios, that shows the ability of the bank to face different types of liquidity crisis. The scenarios were designed for each balance sheet position for assets and liabilities: Ordinary Course of Business, Name Crisis (Mild Name Crisis and Severe Name Crisis), Market Crisis (Mild

Mutu Simona; Matis Eugenia

2010-01-01

360

School-to-Work Risk Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines risk and liability issues related to school to work (STW) programs. With the passage of the federal School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994, the distance between the school and the world of work is diminishing. The Act's requirement that students, schools, and employers become part of an integrated learning process brings the…

Voorheis, Greg; Meyer, Gregg; Van Houten, June

361

Farm Risk Management Between Normal Business Risk and Climatic/Market Shocks  

E-print Network

. Key-words: Comparative, performance, risk, management, tools Mots-clés : Evaluation, performance and environmental causes. Such risk may be normal but also catastrophic. It affects farm competitiveness through sub- optimal production and investment choices (Anderson et Danthine 1980, Gollier 2007). It is therefore

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

362

Risk and Work Configuration Management as a Function of Integrated Safety Management  

SciTech Connect

National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), has established a work management program and corresponding electronic Facilities and Operations Management Information System (e-FOM) to implement Integrated Safety Management (ISM). The management of work scopes, the identification of hazards, and the establishment of implementing controls are reviewed and approved through electronic signatures. Through the execution of the program and the implementation of the electronic system, NSTec staff work within controls and utilize feedback and improvement process. The Integrated Work Control Manual further implements the five functions of ISM at the Activity level. By adding the Risk and Work Configuration Management program, NSTec establishes risk acceptance (business and physical) for liabilities within the performance direction and work management processes. Requirements, roles, and responsibilities are specifically identified in the program while e-FOM provides the interface and establishes the flowdown from the Safety Chain to work and facilities management processes to company work-related directives, and finally to Subject Matter Expert concurrence. The Program establishes, within the defined management structure, management levels for risk identification, risk mitigation (controls), and risk acceptance (business and physical) within the Safety Chain of Responsibility. The Program also implements Integrated Safeguards and Security Management within the NSTec Safety Chain of Responsibility. Once all information has been entered into e-FOM, approved, and captured as data, the information becomes searchable and sortable by hazard, location, organization, mitigating controls, etc.

Lana Buehrer, Michele Kelly, Fran Lemieux, Fred Williams

2007-11-30

363

78 FR 22773 - Revisions to Reliability Standard for Transmission Vegetation Management; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RM12-4-000; Order No. 777] Revisions to Reliability Standard for Transmission Vegetation...requirements the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) needs to submit when modifying certain Reliability Standards. DATES: Effective...

2013-04-17

364

Pharmaceutical risk management in Turkey: the first national overview.  

PubMed

Risk management plans and actions aim to limit the known risks of drugs and provide valuable data to evaluate actual risks and pre-disposing factors for adverse drug reactions. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate and summarize the risk management actions in Turkey between 2005 and 2013 for the first time. The drugs monitored with a risk management plan and actions taken are evaluated by examining the records of the Turkish Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency retrospectively. Various risk management actions such as provision of information, summary of product characteristics and patient information leaflets, direct communication with healthcare professionals, patient and physician brochures, change of the legal status of the drug, education of doctors and pharmacists, control of number and validity of prescriptions, using informed consent forms, using "drug safety surveillance form" for the TNF blockers (firstly on the world), using web-based monitoring system, web-based prescription and web-based adverse reaction monitoring system were used for safe use of drugs during and after authorization in Turkey. Although, most of the actions are similar to those of international health authorities, the remaining are specific to the conditions of Turkey such as "drug safety surveillance form" for the TNF blockers. PMID:23994623

Aydinkarahaliloglu, N D; Aykac, E; Kasap, Y; Durmus, N; Babacanoglu, C; Basgut, C E; Artiran, G; Kerman, S

2013-12-01

365

Management of risk in the information age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linked together, organisations can exchange information and engage in transactions in ways unanticipated before, the emphasis being on information, which became core to most business activities and without which business will fail to operate [Owens S. Information security management :an introduction. London: British Standards Institution; 1998. pp. 1–2]. Consequently, to contribute to ensuring business continuity, the protection of information resources

Mariana Gerber; Rossouw Von Solms

2005-01-01

366

Rangeland Risk Management for Texans: Toxic Plants  

E-print Network

Toxic plants can cause serious losses to livestock, but with the information in this leaflet producers will know how to manage grazing to minimize the danger of toxic plants. It is important to recognize problems early and know how to deal with them....

Hart, Charles R.

2000-11-01

367

Air Quality Risk Assessment and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides (1) a synthesis of the literature on the linkages between air pollution and human health, (2) an overview of quality management approaches in Canada, the United States, and the European Union (EU), and (3) future directions for air quality research. Numerous studies examining short-term effects of air pollution show significant associations between ambient levels of particulate matter

Yue Chen; Lorraine Craig; Daniel Krewski

2008-01-01

368

The First Line of Defense in Operational Risk Management – The Perspective of the Business Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Basel Committee wrote in its update of the “Principles for the Sound Management of Operational Risk” in June 2011 that the frst line of defense is business line management. This underlines the continuous development from (ex-post) operational risk controlling to (ex-ante) operational risk management. From the point of view of a business line, this “active” operational risk management can

Udo Milkau; Frank Neumann

2012-01-01

369

Management of patients with risk factors.  

PubMed

This review addresses concomitant diseases and risk factors in patients treated for diseases of the ears, nose and throat in outpatient and hospital services. Besides heart disease, lung disease, liver disease and kidney disease, this article also covers disorders of coagulation (including therapy with new oral anticoagulants) and electrolyte imbalance. Special attention is paid to the prophylaxis, diagnosis and treatment of perioperative delirium. It is also intended to help optimise the preparation for surgical procedures and pharmacotherapy during the hospital stay. PMID:24403970

Waldfahrer, Frank

2013-01-01

370

Management of patients with risk factors  

PubMed Central

This review addresses concomitant diseases and risk factors in patients treated for diseases of the ears, nose and throat in outpatient and hospital services. Besides heart disease, lung disease, liver disease and kidney disease, this article also covers disorders of coagulation (including therapy with new oral anticoagulants) and electrolyte imbalance. Special attention is paid to the prophylaxis, diagnosis and treatment of perioperative delirium. It is also intended to help optimise the preparation for surgical procedures and pharmacotherapy during the hospital stay. PMID:24403970

Waldfahrer, Frank

2013-01-01

371

Risk assessment and risk management of nanomaterials in the workplace: translating research to practice.  

PubMed

In the last decade since the rise in occupational safety and health (OSH) research focusing on nanomaterials, some progress has been made in generating the health effects and exposure data needed to perform risk assessment and develop risk management guidance. Yet, substantial research gaps remain, as do challenges in the translation of these research findings to OSH guidance and workplace practice. Risk assessment is a process that integrates the hazard, exposure, and dose-response data to characterize risk in a population (e.g. workers), in order to provide health information needed for risk management decision-making. Thus, the research priorities for risk assessment are those studies that will reduce the uncertainty in the key factors that influence the estimates. Current knowledge of OSH in nanotechnology includes the following: (i) nanomaterials can be measured using standard measurement methods (respirable mass or number concentration), (ii) workplace exposures to nanomaterials can be reduced using engineering controls and personal protective equipment, and (iii) current toxicity testing and risk assessment methods are applicable to nanomaterials. Yet, to ensure protection of workers' health, research is still needed to develop (i) sensitive and quantitative measures of workers' exposure to nanomaterials, (ii) validation methods for exposure controls, and (iii) standardized criteria to categorize hazard data, including better prediction of chronic effects. This article provides a state-of-the-art overview on translating current hazard research data and risk assessment methods for nanomaterials to the development and implementation of effective risk management guidance. PMID:22752094

Kuempel, Eileen D; Geraci, Charles L; Schulte, Paul A

2012-07-01

372

[Quality assurance and risk management in gynecology and obstetrics].  

PubMed

A glance through the relevant supreme court cases of the last five years will conclusively reveal that obstetrics is currently the sector with the largest number of liability claims, despite the fact that German obstetrics hold a leading world position. This high risk entails high insurance premiums, which can threaten the existence of those exercising the profession and which can therefore not be increased indefinitely. Thus the causes of these exploding liability claims in the medical sector have to be combated, i.e. the origins of damage have to be tracked down in order to identify and eliminate or at least reduce the risks. This future-oriented approach of damage prevention is known as risk management, and entails almost complete elimination not so much of maltreatment but most certainly of deficiencies in information, organisation and documentation as well as equipment. Seen from this point of view, risk management represents a form of quality control based on relevant judicature and statutory provisions. American experience shows that risk management activities are indispensable today, and that only proactive and preventive risk control, as opposed to limited reactive risk control, is capable of stemming the flood of liability claims in the medical sector. PMID:9916283

Ulsenheimer, K

1998-01-01

373

Risk and cooperation: managing hazardous fuel in mixed ownership landscapes.  

PubMed

Managing natural processes at the landscape scale to promote forest health is important, especially in the case of wildfire, where the ability of a landowner to protect his or her individual parcel is constrained by conditions on neighboring ownerships. However, management at a landscape scale is also challenging because it requires cooperation on plans and actions that cross ownership boundaries. Cooperation depends on people's beliefs and norms about reciprocity and perceptions of the risks and benefits of interacting with others. Using logistic regression tests on mail survey data and qualitative analysis of interviews with landowners, we examined the relationship between perceived wildfire risk and cooperation in the management of hazardous fuel by nonindustrial private forest (NIPF) owners in fire-prone landscapes of eastern Oregon. We found that NIPF owners who perceived a risk of wildfire to their properties, and perceived that conditions on nearby public forestlands contributed to this risk, were more likely to have cooperated with public agencies in the past to reduce fire risk than owners who did not perceive a risk of wildfire to their properties. Wildfire risk perception was not associated with past cooperation among NIPF owners. The greater social barriers to private-private cooperation than to private-public cooperation, and perceptions of more hazardous conditions on public compared with private forestlands may explain this difference. Owners expressed a strong willingness to cooperate with others in future cross-boundary efforts to reduce fire risk, however. We explore barriers to cooperative forest management across ownerships, and identify models of cooperation that hold potential for future collective action to reduce wildfire risk. PMID:22525987

Fischer, A Paige; Charnley, Susan

2012-06-01

374

Social capacities for drought risk management in Switzerland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper analyses the social capacities for drought risk management and gaps from the perspective of national and regional water users and policy and decision makers in Switzerland. The analysis follows five dimensions of social capacities as prerequisites for drought risk management. Regarding information and knowledge (1), basic data is available, however not assembled for an integrated drought information system. As to technology and infrastructure (2), little pro-active capacities are available with exception to few drought-prone regions; in emergency response to drought though, provisional capacities are put together. Regarding organisation and management (3) most regions have enough personnel and effective cooperation in case of acute drought; long-term strategies though are largely missing. Economic resources (4) have been considered as sufficient if drought remains rare. Finally, institutions and policies (5) are not sufficient for pro-active drought risk management, but have been suitable in the drought of 2003. Starting points for building social capacities are first to draw back upon the extensive experiences with the management of other natural hazards, second to build an integrated drought information system, including social and economic impacts and third to improve the institutional framework through consistent regulations and coordination for pro-active drought risk management.

Kruse, S.; Seidl, I.

2013-04-01

375

Social capacities for drought risk management in Switzerland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper analyses the social capacities for drought risk management from the perspective of national and regional water users and policy- and decision-makers in Switzerland. The analysis follows five dimensions of social capacities as prerequisites for drought risk management. Regarding information and knowledge (1), basic data is available, however not assembled for an integrated drought information system. As for technology and infrastructure (2), limited proactive capacities are available with the exception of a few of the drought-prone regions; in emergency response to drought however, provisional capacities are put together. Regarding organisation and management (3) most regions have enough personnel and effective cooperation in the case of acute and sporadic drought; long-term strategies though are largely missing. Economic resources (4) are sufficient if droughts remain rare. Finally, institutions and policies (5) are not sufficient for proactive drought risk management, but have been suitable in the drought of 2003. Starting points for building social capacities are first, to draw on the extensive experiences with the management of other natural hazards, second to build an integrated drought information system, including social and economic impacts, and third to improve the institutional framework through consistent regulations and coordination for proactive drought risk management.

Kruse, S.; Seidl, I.

2013-12-01

376

Supply chain risk in turbulent environments—A conceptual model for managing supply chain network risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supply risk or the likelihood of supply disruptions is emerging as a key challenge to supply chain management. The ability to identify which supplier has greater potential of a disruption is a critical first step in managing the frequency and impact of these disruptions that often significantly impact on the supply chain. This paper presents preliminary research concepts regarding a

Peter Trkman; Kevin McCormack

2009-01-01

377

Navigating financial and supply reliability tradeoffs in regional drought management portfolios  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

development costs and growing concerns over environmental impacts have led many communities to explore more diversified water management strategies. These "portfolio"-style approaches integrate existing supply infrastructure with other options such as conservation measures or water transfers. Diversified water supply portfolios have been shown to reduce the capacity and costs required to meet demand, while also providing greater adaptability to changing hydrologic conditions. However, this additional flexibility can also cause unexpected reductions in revenue (from conservation) or increased costs (from transfers). The resulting financial instability can act as a substantial disincentive to utilities seeking to implement more innovative water management techniques. This study seeks to design portfolios that employ financial tools (e.g., contingency funds and index insurance) to reduce fluctuations in revenues and costs, allowing these strategies to achieve improved performance without sacrificing financial stability. This analysis is applied to the development of coordinated regional supply portfolios in the "Research Triangle" region of North Carolina, an area comprising four rapidly growing municipalities. The actions of each independent utility become interconnected when shared infrastructure is utilized to enable interutility transfers, requiring the evaluation of regional tradeoffs in up to five performance and financial objectives. Diversified strategies introduce significant tradeoffs between achieving reliability goals and introducing burdensome variability in annual revenues and/or costs. Financial mitigation tools can mitigate the impacts of this variability, allowing for an alternative suite of improved solutions. This analysis provides a general template for utilities seeking to navigate the tradeoffs associated with more flexible, portfolio-style management approaches.

Zeff, Harrison B.; Kasprzyk, Joseph R.; Herman, Jonathan D.; Reed, Patrick M.; Characklis, Gregory W.

2014-06-01

378

75 FR 4007 - Risk Management Controls for Brokers or Dealers With Market Access  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...broker-dealer's current risk management system and business model. Proposed Rule...detected, updating risk management controls...in its business model, and documenting...into their business models because of the inherent risks of the...

2010-01-26

379

Flood Risk Management Newsletter 1 April 2014 vol 7 no 3  

E-print Network

Coastal Risk Reduction Measures .........................................................5 EWN Article is engaged in a review of coastal flood risk management resources, to make highly relevFlood Risk Management Newsletter 1 April 2014 vol 7 no 3 Fstocoll Table of Contents Reflections

US Army Corps of Engineers

380

A general cause based methodology for analysis of dependent failures in system risk and reliability assessments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditional parametric Common Cause Failure (CCF) models quantify the soft dependencies between component failures through the use of empirical ratio relationships. Furthermore CCF modeling has been essentially restricted to identical components in redundant formations. While this has been advantageous in allowing the prediction of system reliability with little or no data, it has been prohibitive in other applications such as modeling the characteristics of a system design or including the characteristics of failure when assessing the risk significance of a failure or degraded performance event (known as an event assessment). This dissertation extends the traditional definition of CCF to model soft dependencies between like and non-like components. It does this through the explicit modeling of soft dependencies between systems (coupling factors) such as sharing a maintenance team or sharing a manufacturer. By modeling the soft dependencies explicitly these relationships can be individually quantified based on the specific design of the system and allows for more accurate event assessment given knowledge of the failure cause. Since the most data informed model in use is the Alpha Factor Model (AFM), it has been used as the baseline for the proposed solutions. This dissertation analyzes the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Common Cause Failure Database event data to determine the suitability of the data and failure taxonomy for use in the proposed cause-based models. Recognizing that CCF events are characterized by full or partial presence of "root cause" and "coupling factor" a refined failure taxonomy is proposed which provides a direct link between the failure cause category and the coupling factors. This dissertation proposes two CCF models (a) Partial Alpha Factor Model (PAFM) that accounts for the relevant coupling factors based on system design and provide event assessment with knowledge of the failure cause, and (b)General Dependency Model (GDM),which uses Bayesian Network to model the soft dependencies between components. This is done through the introduction of three parameters for each failure cause that relate to component fragility, failure cause rate, and failure cause propagation probability.

O'Connor, Andrew N.

381

Managing corporate governance risks in a nonprofit health care organization.  

PubMed

Triggered by corporate scandals, there is increased oversight by governmental bodies and in part by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Corporations are developing corporate governance compliance initiatives to respond to the scrutiny of regulators, legislators, the general public and constituency groups such as investors. Due to state attorney general initiatives, new legislation and heightened oversight from the Internal Revenue Service, nonprofit entities are starting to share the media spotlight with their for-profit counterparts. These developments are changing nonprofit health care organizations as well as the traditional role of the risk manager. No longer is the risk manager focused solely on patients' welfare and safe passage through a complex delivery system. The risk manager must be aware of corporate practices within the organization that could allow the personal objectives of a few individuals to override the greater good of the community in which the nonprofit organization serves. PMID:20200865

Troyer, Glenn T; Brashear, Andrea D; Green, Kelly J

2005-01-01

382

Safety Management in Coal Mines--Risk Assessment.  

PubMed

The present state of accident hazard at work in the Polish mining industry is presented. A comparison is made of the accident indices in relation to other countries. A reference is made to the work safety management system implemented in the mines. Safety management is discussed in terms of risk management. On the basis of the natural death index and that of accidents at work, numerical scales are presented defining the limits of the inadmissable, tolerable, and acceptable risk. The course of variation of risk indices for fatal, serious, and minor accidents is evaluated. The results of the assessment for all kinds of accidents at work in the mining industry are presented. PMID:10602589

Niczyporuk

1996-01-01

383

CARA: A Human Reliability Assessment Tool for Air Traffic Safety Management — Technical Basis and Preliminary Architecture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper aims to serve as the basis for development of a sound Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) capability for Air Traffic Management (ATM) applications in safety case and Human Factors assurance work. ATM is considered a 'high reliability' industry, although recent ATM-related accident occurrences have shown that such a status can never be assumed, and there is a continual need to look for safety vulnerabilities and mitigate them or their effects. Clearly, however, ATM is very human-centred, and will remain so at least in the mid-term (e.g. up to 2025). The air traffic controller has shown great capacity for safety over the years, and this must be maintained against a background of continually increasing traffic levels (currently running at 4 - 18% per year in Europe) and automation support aimed largely at enhancing capacity. Other industries have for several decades made use of HRA approaches. Such approaches aim to predict what can go wrong, and how often things can go wrong, from the human perspective. Such a capability is useful to ensure that safety cases of current and future systems are not ignoring the key component in the ATM system, the human controller.

Kirwan, Barry; Gibson, Huw

384

MRS (monitored retrievable storage) Systems Study Task 1 report: Waste management system reliability analysis  

SciTech Connect

This is one of nine studies undertaken by contractors to the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM), to provide a technical basis for re-evaluating the role of a monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility. The study evaluates the relative reliabilities of systems with and without an MRS facility using current facility design bases. The principal finding of this report is that the MRS system has several operational advantages that enhance system reliability. These are: (1) the MRS system is likely to encounter fewer technical issues, (2) the MRS would assure adequate system surface storage capacity to accommodate repository construction and startup delays of up to five years or longer if the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act (NWPAA) were amended, (3) the system with an MRS has two federal acceptance facilities with parallel transportation routing and surface storage capacity, and (4) the MRS system would allow continued waste acceptance for up to a year after a major disruption of emplacement operations at the repository.

Clark, L.L.; Myers, R.S.

1989-04-01

385

Assessing Ambiguity of Context Data in Intelligent Environments: Towards a More Reliable Context Managing System  

PubMed Central

Modeling and managing correctly the user context in Smart Environments is important to achieve robust and reliable systems. When modeling reality we must take into account its ambiguous nature. Considering the uncertainty and vagueness in context data information it is possible to attain a more precise picture of the environment, thus leading to a more accurate inference process. To achieve these goals we present an ontology that models the ambiguity in intelligent environments and a data fusion and inference process that takes advantage of that extra information to provide better results. Our system can assess the certainty of the captured measurements, discarding the unreliable ones and combining the rest into a unified vision of the current user context. It also models the vagueness of the system, combining it with the uncertainty to obtain a richer inference process. PMID:22666068

Almeida, Aitor; Lopez-de-Ipina, Diego

2012-01-01

386

Quantitative Security Risk Assessment and Management for Railway Transportation Infrastructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists have been long investigating procedures, models and tools for the risk analysis in several domains, from economics to computer networks. This paper presents a quantitative method and a tool for the security risk assessment and management specifically tailored to the context of railway transportation systems, which are exposed to threats ranging from vandalism to terrorism. The method is based on a reference mathematical model and it is supported by a specifically developed tool. The tool allows for the management of data, including attributes of attack scenarios and effectiveness of protection mechanisms, and the computation of results, including risk and cost/benefit indices. The main focus is on the design of physical protection systems, but the analysis can be extended to logical threats as well. The cost/benefit analysis allows for the evaluation of the return on investment, which is a nowadays important issue to be addressed by risk analysts.

Flammini, Francesco; Gaglione, Andrea; Mazzocca, Nicola; Pragliola, Concetta

387

Incorporating risk assessment and benefit - cost analysis in environmental management  

SciTech Connect

Current public sector programs for managing environmental risks contain two key sources of variation: organizational mandates and other structural factors; and the individual perceptions and values of decision makers themselves. Research to date has focused almost exclusively on the organizational dimension. There is a paucity of systematic analysis focusing on the individual dimension of risk policy making within an institutional context. Limited intraagency evaluation of individual and collective judgments of environmental risk issues is a second major shortcoming. This is striking because some of the most controversial environmental decisions have featured highly visible, internal disputes such as the conflict between the Environmental Protection Agency's political and technocratic sides in considering alternative strategies for improving air quality in the late 1970s. Using data from interviews with a key set of individuals at the US Environmental Protection Agency, this study examines intraagency views about the incorporation of risk assessment and benefit-cost analysis in environment management.

Rycroft, R.W.; Regens, J.L.; Dietz, T.

1988-09-01

388

Stroke Prevention: Managing Modifiable Risk Factors  

PubMed Central

Prevention plays a crucial role in counteracting morbidity and mortality related to ischemic stroke. It has been estimated that 50% of stroke are preventable through control of modifiable risk factors and lifestyle changes. Antihypertensive treatment is recommended for both prevention of recurrent stroke and other vascular events. The use of antiplatelets and statins has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke and other vascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are indicated in stroke prevention because they also promote vascular health. Effective secondary-prevention strategies for selected patients include carotid revascularization for high-grade carotid stenosis and vitamin K antagonist treatment for atrial fibrillation. The results of recent clinical trials investigating new anticoagulants (factor Xa inhibitors and direct thrombin inhibitors) clearly indicate alternative strategies in stroke prevention for patients with atrial fibrillation. This paper describes the current landscape and developments in stroke prevention with special reference to medical treatment in secondary prevention of ischemic stroke. PMID:23213626

Di Legge, Silvia; Koch, Giacomo; Diomedi, Marina; Stanzione, Paolo; Sallustio, Fabrizio

2012-01-01

389

Human health and safety risks management in underground coal mines using fuzzy TOPSIS.  

PubMed

The scrutiny of health and safety of personnel working in underground coal mines is heightened because of fatalities and disasters that occur every year worldwide. A methodology based on fuzzy TOPSIS was proposed to assess the risks associated with human health in order to manage control measures and support decision-making, which could provide the right balance between different concerns, such as safety and costs. For this purpose, information collected from three hazardous coal mines namely Hashouni, Hojedk and Babnizu located at the Kerman coal deposit, Iran, were used to manage the risks affecting the health and safety of their miners. Altogether 86 hazards were identified and classified under eight categories: geomechanical, geochemical, electrical, mechanical, chemical, environmental, personal, and social, cultural and managerial risks. Overcoming the uncertainty of qualitative data, the ranking process is accomplished by fuzzy TOPSIS. After running the model, twelve groups with different risks were obtained. Located in the first group, the most important risks with the highest negative effects are: materials falling, catastrophic failure, instability of coalface and immediate roof, firedamp explosion, gas emission, misfire, stopping of ventilation system, wagon separation at inclines, asphyxiation, inadequate training and poor site management system. According to the results, the proposed methodology can be a reliable technique for management of the minatory hazards and coping with uncertainties affecting the health and safety of miners when performance ratings are imprecise. The proposed model can be primarily designed to identify potential hazards and help in taking appropriate measures to minimize or remove the risks before accidents can occur. PMID:24815558

Mahdevari, Satar; Shahriar, Kourosh; Esfahanipour, Akbar

2014-08-01

390

Weather Insurance: Managing Risk Through an Innovative Retail Derivative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a series of randomized …eld experiments conducted in villages in rural Gujarat. Rainfall insurance, an innovative risk-management tool, was marketed to farmers and agricultural laborers. Wealth, education, risk-aversion, and the ability to understand probabilities positively predict take-up. We …nd no evidence that access to insurance or take-up immediately causes shifts in other production technology

Shawn Cole; Jeremy Tobacman; Petia Topalova

391

Supply Chain Risk Management: A Neural Network Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective supply chain risk management (Hallikas et al. 2002; Harland et al. 2003; Henke et al. 2006) requires the identification,\\u000a assessment and monetization of risks and disruptions, as well as the determination of the probability of their occurrence\\u000a and the development of alternative action plans in case of disruptions (cf. Zsidisin 2003; Zsidisin et al. 2004; Zsidisin\\u000a et al. 2000;

Frank Teuteberg

392

Heavy Metal Risk Management: Case Analysis  

PubMed Central

To prepare measures for practical policy utilization and the control of heavy metals, hazard control related institutions by country, present states of control by country, and present states of control by heavy metals were examined. Hazard control cases by heavy metals in various countries were compared and analyzed. In certain countries (e.g., the U.S., the U.K., and Japan), hazardous substances found in foods (e.g., arsenic, lead, cadmium, and mercury) are controlled. In addition, the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) recommends calculating the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) of individual heavy metals instead of the acceptable daily intake (ADI) to compare their pollution levels considering their toxicity accumulated in the human body. In Korea, exposure assessments have been conducted, and in other countries, hazardous substances are controlled by various governing bodies. As such, in Korea and other countries, diverse food heavy metal monitoring and human body exposure assessments are conducted, and reducing measures are prepared accordingly. To reduce the danger of hazardous substances, many countries provide leaflets and guidelines, develop hazardous heavy metal intake recommendations, and take necessary actions. Hazard control case analyses can assist in securing consumer safety by establishing systematic and reliable hazard control methods. PMID:24278603

Kim, Ji Ae; Lee, Seung Ha; Choi, Seung Hyun; Jung, Ki Kyung; Park, Mi Sun; Jeong, Ji Yoon; Hwang, Myung Sil; Yoon, Hae Jung; Choi, Dal Woong

2012-01-01

393

HIV Risk Behavior Self-Report Reliability at Different Recall Periods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have investigated the optimal length of recall period for self-report of sex and drug-use behaviors. This meta-analysis\\u000a of 28 studies examined the test-retest reliability of three commonly used recall periods: 1, 3, and 6 months. All three recall\\u000a periods demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability, with the exception of recall of needle sharing behaviors and 6-months\\u000a recall of some sex behaviors.

Lucy E. Napper; Dennis G. Fisher; Grace L. Reynolds; Mark E. Johnson

2010-01-01

394

Hypertension Management in the High Cardiovascular Risk Population  

PubMed Central

The incidence of hypertension is increasing every year. Blood pressure (BP) control is an important therapeutic goal for the slowing of progression as well as for the prevention of Cardiovascular disease. The management of hypertension in the high cardiovascular risk population remains a real challenge as the population continues to age, the incidence of diabetes increases, and more and more people survive acute myocardial infarction. We will review hypertension management in the high cardiovascular risk population: patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart failure (HF) as well as in diabetic patients. PMID:23476746

Maraj, Ilir; Makaryus, John N.; Ashkar, Anthony; McFarlane, Samy I.; Makaryus, Amgad N.

2013-01-01

395

An integrated information system for hazardous materials risk management  

SciTech Connect

The production and transportation of hazardous materials is an unavoidable process in any industrial society. A number of industrial activities of vital economic importance are dependent on the uninterrupted flow of hazardous materials shipments. Advanced Transport Telematics (ATT) technologies have the potential to support strategic, tactical, and continuous monitoring functions of risk management. The objective of this paper is to systematically present the state-of-the-art and the state-of-practice of the above mentioned technological achievements and to assess their importance in hazardous materials risk management.

Zografos, K.; Vasilakis, G.M. [Univ. of Patras (Greece). Dept. of Operations Research and Management

1995-12-31

396

Systems integration in space flight environmental risk management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the issues that must be addressed to define and integrate technologies, countermeasures, and medical care systems into space systems which will be developed for long duration space flight. This paper considers combined and cumulative effects, the broad range of space environmental health issues, including some examples, and a discussion of a management approach to these risks. While the primary emphasis is on space environmental health issues, other aspects of the space environment are also considered. Allocation of finite resources for optimal risk management is also considered.

Morgenthaler, George W.; Schulz, Jon R.; Eberhardt, Ralph N.; Barrett, Ted G.

397

Risk Evaluation of Business Continuity Management by Using Green Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IT disasters can be seen as the test of the ability in communities and firms to effectively protect their information and infrastructure, to reduce both human and property loss, and to rapidly recover. In this paper, we use a literature meta-analysis method to identify potential research directions in Green Business Continuity Management (GBCM). The concept and characteristics of GBCM are discussed. We analysis the connotation and the sources of green technology risk. An assessment index system is established from the perspectives of GBCM. A fuzzy comprehensive assessment method is introduced to assess the risks of green technology in Business Continuity Management.

Gang, Chen

398

Contracts as a Risk Management Tool  

E-print Network

-to-finish production, or nursery production. Many hog finishing contracts guarantee a producer a fixed payment, and add or subtract bonuses and penalties from this payment. Bonuses are typi- cally paid for keeping death losses low and feed efficiency high. Penalties... or penalty 0.00 ______ 12. Death loss bonus or penalty 0.00 ______ 13. Total compensation per pig space $35.00 ______ E. Return to operator labor and management (D-C) $ 7.70 ______ a Bonuses and penalties should be spread over the number of head marketed...

Hall, Charles R.; Langemeier, Larry N.

1999-04-15

399

Management in high-risk patients.  

PubMed

Injuries to the foot and ankle are often missed or underestimated in patients with polytrauma and are a source of long-term limitations. Injures below the knee are among the highest causes for unemployment, longer sick leave, more pain, more follow-up appointments, and decreased overall outcome. As mortalities decrease for patients with polytrauma a greater emphasis on timely diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle injuries is indicated. Geriatric patients represent nearly one-quarter of trauma admissions in the United States. This article discusses perioperative management and complications associated with foot and ankle injuries in polytrauma, and in diabetic and geriatric patients. PMID:25281513

Burns, Patrick; Highlander, Pete; Shinabarger, Andrew B

2014-10-01

400

Applications of Capstone Depleted Uranium Aerosol Risk Data to Military Combat Risk Management  

SciTech Connect

Risks to personnel engaged in military operations include not only the threat of enemy firepower but also risks from exposure to other hazards such as radiation. Combatant commanders of the U. S. Army carefully weigh risks of casualties before implementing battlefield actions using an established paradigm that take these risks into consideration. As a result of the inclusion of depleted uranium (DU) anti-armor ammunition in the conventional (non-nuclear) weapons arsenal, the potential for exposure to DU aerosols and its associated chemical and radiological effects becomes an element of the commanders’ risk assessment. The Capstone DU Aerosol Study measured the range of likely DU oxide aerosol concentrations created inside a combat vehicle perforated with a DU munition, and the Capstone Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) estimated the associated doses and calculated risks. This paper focuses on the development of a scientific approach to adapt the risks from DU’s non uniform dose distribution within the body using the current U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) radiation risk management approach. The approach developed equates the Radiation Exposure Status (RES) categories to the estimated radiological risks of DU and makes use of the Capstone-developed Renal Effects Group (REG) as a measure of chemical risk from DU intake. Recommendations are provided for modifying Army guidance and policy in order to better encompass the potential risks from DU aerosol inhalation during military operations.

Daxon, Eric G.; Parkhurst, MaryAnn; Melanson, Mark A.; Roszell, Laurie E.

2009-03-01

401

A Graphical Model for Risk Analysis and Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Risk analysis and management are important capabilities in intelligent information and knowledge systems. We present a new approach using directed graph based models for risk analysis and management. Our modelling approach is inspired by and builds on the two level approach of the Transferable Belief Model. The credal level for risk analysis and model construction uses beliefs in causal inference relations among the variables within a domain and a pignistic(betting) level for the decision making. The risk model at the credal level can be transformed into a probabilistic model through a pignistic transformation function. This paper focuses on model construction at the credal level. Our modelling approach captures expert knowledge in a formal and iterative fashion based on the Open World Assumption(OWA) in contrast to Bayesian Network based approaches for managing uncertainty associated with risks which assume all the domain knowledge and data have been captured before hand. As a result, our approach does not require complete knowledges and is well suited for modelling risk in dynamic changing environments where information and knowledge is gathered over time as decisions need to be taken. Its performance is related to the quality of the knowledge at hand at any given time.

Wang, Xun; Williams, Mary-Anne

402

Technology for managing risk during international inspections  

SciTech Connect

Inspections under international agreements related to nonproliferation of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons place sensitive commercial and national-defense information at risk. Facility operators can control risk to sensitive information by denying physical access to inspectors and providing alternative means of inspection. Similarly, exposure of inspectors and facility personnel to radiation or hazardous environments can be reduced, and damage to sensitive processing environments can be avoided if inspection objectives can be achieved without the need for direct physical access by inspectors. A system developed at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) enables inspectors to achieve inspection objectives in sensitive or hazardous areas by providing virtual presence at an inspection location in place of physical presence. The system has two parts, a mobile unit operated by facility personnel and a stationary base station operated by inspectors. The mobile and stationary units are connected by a fiber-optic communications link. The mobile unit is equipped with two video cameras, a global positioning system (GPS) with dead-reckoning capability, distance measuring equipment (DME), and a theodolite. Five unused channels of RS-232 are available to accommodate data transfer from and control of additional sensor modules. The base station is equipped with monitors for video signals and a notebook computer for analysis and display of sensor data. Inspectors can direct inspection activities through two-way voice communication with the operators of the mobile unit; the real-time response to interactions between inspectors and operators enhances the credibility of the inspection process. Applications involving international inspections for arms control and nonproliferation as well as other applications, such as As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) and two-person-rule implementation, are discussed. Planned improvements and extensions of system capabilities are outlined.

Lemley, J.R.; Curtiss, J.A.

1995-11-01

403

CONSIDERATIONS IN RISK COMMUNICATION: A DIGEST OF RISK COMMUNICATION AS A RISK MANAGEMENT TOOL  

EPA Science Inventory

Risk communication is the process of informing people about hazards. Like all communication, communicating risk is a two-way exchange in which you inform the target community about possible hazards, but also gather information about those affected by the risk. The purpose of risk...

404

New Technical Risk Management Development for Carbon Capture Process  

SciTech Connect

The basic CCSI objective of accelerating technology development and commercial deployment of carbon capture technologies through the extensive use of numerical simulation introduces a degree of unfamiliarity and novelty that potentially increases both of the traditional risk elements. In order to secure investor confidence and successfully accelerate the marketability of carbon capture technologies, it is critical that risk management decision tools be developed in parallel with numerical simulation capabilities and uncertainty quantification efforts. The focus of this paper is on the development of a technical risk model that incorporates the specific technology maturity development (level).

Engel, David W.; Letellier, Bruce; Edwards, Brian; Leclaire, Rene; Jones, Edward

2012-04-30

405

Recommendations for management of dyslipidemia in high cardiovascular risk patients  

PubMed Central

Overwhelming evidence supports a causal relationship between elevated levels of plasma cholesterol, particularly low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and increased risk of coronary artery disease, which remains the leading cause of death and morbidity worldwide. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering has been the main goal of therapy, and clinical trial results from recently published studies of intensive statin therapy confirm the benefits of more aggressive lipid-lowering targets, particularly in subjects at high risk for cardiovascular events. This management update will focus on the implications of risk reduction in patients at high cardiovascular risk, and will provide practical steps to help further risk stratify these patients and help them reach their target goals. PMID:19343119

Braga, Manoela B; Langer, Anatoly; Leiter, Lawrence A

2008-01-01

406

Disaster Risk Management - The Kenyan Challenge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Keywords: natural disasters; man-made disasters; terrorist attacks; land slides; disaster policies and legislations; fire; earthquakes; hurricanes; soil erosion; disaster research policy; Preamble: "Risk does not begin and end on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. The vastness of the subject matter is daunting. Risk touches on the most profound aspects of psychology, mathematics, statistics and history. The literature is monumental; each day's headlines bring many new items of interest. But I know we are not unique, everywhere in the world risks abound." "AGAINST THE GODS the remarkable story of risk" by Peter L. Bernstein, 1998 The real challenge is what can we, as a nation do to avert, prevent them, or in the unfortunate event that they occur, how can we mitigate their impact on the economy? Introductory remarks: Disaster in Kenya, as indeed anywhere else, is not one of those happenings we can wish away. It can strike anywhere any time. Some of it is man-made but most of it is natural. The natural are sometimes induced by man in one way or another. For example, when we harvest trees without replacing them, this diminishes the forest cover and can lead to soil erosion, whose advanced form is land slides. Either way disasters in their different forms and sizes present challenges to the way we live our lives or not, perhaps, even how we die. Disasters in our country have reached crisis stage. ‘In Chinese language, crisis means danger, but it also means opportunity' Les Brown, motivational speaker in "the power of a larger vision" Why I am interested Whereas Kenya experiences man made and natural disasters, there are more sinister challenges of the man-made variety. These loom on the horizon and, from time to time raise their ugly heads, taking many Kenyan lives in their wake, and property destroyed. These are post election violence and terrorist attacks, both related to politics, internal and external. In January 2008, soon after presidential and national assembly elections Kenya plunged into bloodshed. One Kenyan went for another, people who had been living together as neighbours suddenly turned on one another. Some of the more glaring outcomes were: • About 1,300 Kenyans died. • Property worth billions of shillings was destroyed. • Thousands of Kenyans fled their homes/farms/houses. • To date Kenya has Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). It has become a buzzword, almost fashionable if it were not so sad and grave, and a disgrace to democracy. During the short rains in September and October we experienced floods, land slides, crop failures. Ironically, in the previous months, we had just gone through drought, crops had failed, livestock died, sadly some people died, some through vagaries of weather while others as a result of inter-community friction. The net results were: • Kenya is primarily an agricultural economy sector employs over 80%. Only 20% of the land is arable, the rest is arid and semi arid land, occupied by the nomadic Kenyans. So when there is drought or floods, we get challenges that spark inter-community conflicts. Food shortages lead to higher food prices, a kilogramme bag of maize meal rose from barely affordable Kes. 52.00 to 120.00 in less than two months. In any case the food is not necessarily always available. • The global financial crisis affected our economy very adversely. Fuel prices rose from Kenya Shillings 60.00 per litre to 112.00. • Ironically Kenya's parliament voted against a law that would have compelled them to pay taxes. • As if in anticipation of citizen reactions the MP's passed the media law that would gag freedom of the press. METHODOLOGY 1. Review literature available on disasters in Kenya over the last decades. 2. I will ask Kenyans what they understand by the terms disasters and risks. 3. I will ask the Kenyan authorities - central government and local governments, what plans they have. 4. I will ask Kenya Red Cross what their plans are, their challenges and opportunities they see for Kenyans. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF MY STUDY

Nabutola, W.; Scheer, S.

2009-04-01

407

Disaster Risk Management - The Kenyan Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Keywords: natural disasters; man-made disasters; terrorist attacks; land slides; disaster policies and legislations; fire; earthquakes; hurricanes; soil erosion; disaster research policy; Preamble: "Risk does not begin and end on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. The vastness of the subject matter is daunting. Risk touches on the most profound aspects of psychology, mathematics, statistics and history. The literature is monumental; each day's headlines bring many new items of interest. But I know we are not unique, everywhere in the world risks abound." "AGAINST THE GODS the remarkable story of risk" by Peter L. Bernstein, 1998 The real challenge is what can we, as a nation do to avert, prevent them, or in the unfortunate event that they occur, how can we mitigate their impact on the economy? Introductory remarks: Disaster in Kenya, as indeed anywhere else, is not one of those happenings we can wish away. It can strike anywhere any time. Some of it is man-made but most of it is natural. The natural are sometimes induced by man in one way or another. For example, when we harvest trees without replacing them, this diminishes the forest cover and can lead to soil erosion, whose advanced form is land slides. Either way disasters in their different forms and sizes present challenges to the way we live our lives or not, perhaps, even how we die. Disasters in our country have reached crisis stage. ‘In Chinese language, crisis means danger, but it also means opportunity' Les Brown, motivational speaker in "the power of a larger vision" Why I am interested Whereas Kenya experiences man made and natural disasters, there are more sinister challenges of the man-made variety. These loom on the horizon and, from time to time raise their ugly heads, taking many Kenyan lives in their wake, and property destroyed. These are post election violence and terrorist attacks, both related to politics, internal and external. In January 2008, soon after presidential and national assembly elections Kenya plunged into bloodshed. One Kenyan went for another, people who had been living together as neighbours suddenly turned on one another. Some of the more glaring outcomes were: • About 1,300 Kenyans died. • Property worth billions of shillings was destroyed. • Thousands of Kenyans fled their homes/farms/houses. • To date Kenya has Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). It has become a buzzword, almost fashionable if it were not so sad and grave, and a disgrace to democracy. During the short rains in September and October we experienced floods, land slides, crop failures. Ironically, in the previous months, we had just gone through drought, crops had failed, livestock died, sadly some people died, some through vagaries of weather while others as a result of inter-community friction. The net results were: • Kenya is primarily an agricultural economy sector employs over 80%. Only 20% of the land is arable, the rest is arid and semi arid land, occupied by the nomadic Kenyans. So when there is drought or floods, we get challenges that spark inter-community conflicts. Food shortages lead to higher food prices, a kilogramme bag of maize meal rose from barely affordable Kes. 52.00 to 120.00 in less than two months. In any case the food is not necessarily always available. • The global financial crisis affected our economy very adversely. Fuel prices rose from Kenya Shillings 60.00 per litre to 112.00. • Ironically Kenya's parliament voted against a law that would have compelled them to pay taxes. • As if in anticipation of citizen reactions the MP's passed the media law that would gag freedom of the press. METHODOLOGY 1. Review literature available on disasters in Kenya over the last decades. 2. I will ask Kenyans what they understand by the terms disasters and risks. 3. I will ask the Kenyan authorities - central government and local governments, what plans they have. 4. I will ask Kenya Red Cross what their plans are, their challenges and opportunities they see for Kenyans. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF MY STUDY

Nabutola, W.

2009-04-01

408

Risk assessment for exemptions from ballast water management--the Baltic Sea case study.  

PubMed

The International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship's Ballast Water and Sediments sets requirements to prevent organism transfers. Vessels on certain routes can be exempted from such requirements based on risk assessment (RA). As the convention nears its entry into force, the interest in exemptions increases. Such RA should be conducted according to the International Maritime Organization G7 Guidelines. We present a RA study for exemptions applied to intra-Baltic shipping considering different RA methods, i.e., environmental matching, species specific method including target species and species biogeographical aspects. As reliable species data in the ports considered are unavailable and following the precautionary principle, no exemptions should be granted. To ensure data reliability, port baseline surveys and regular monitoring programs should be undertaken during the exemption period as new species found influence the RA result. The RA model prepared is considered as of value to other areas worldwide. PMID:23958222

David, Matej; Gollasch, Stephan; Leppäkoski, Erkki

2013-10-15

409

Rational risk-based decision support for drinking water well managers by optimized monitoring designs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advection-based well-head protection zones are commonly used to manage the contamination risk of drinking water wells. Considering the insufficient knowledge about hazards and transport properties within the catchment, current Water Safety Plans recommend that catchment managers and stakeholders know, control and monitor all possible hazards within the catchments and perform rational risk-based decisions. Our goal is to supply catchment managers with the required probabilistic risk information, and to generate tools that allow for optimal and rational allocation of resources between improved monitoring versus extended safety margins and risk mitigation measures. To support risk managers with the indispensable information, we address the epistemic uncertainty of advective-dispersive solute transport and well vulnerability (Enzenhoefer et al., 2011) within a stochastic simulation framework. Our framework can separate between uncertainty of contaminant location and actual dilution of peak concentrations by resolving heterogeneity with high-resolution Monte-Carlo simulation. To keep computational costs low, we solve the reverse temporal moment transport equation. Only in post-processing, we recover the time-dependent solute breakthrough curves and the deduced well vulnerability criteria from temporal moments by non-linear optimization. Our first step towards optimal risk management is optimal positioning of sampling locations and optimal choice of data types to reduce best the epistemic prediction uncertainty for well-head delineation, using the cross-bred Likelihood Uncertainty Estimator (CLUE, Leube et al., 2011) for optimal sampling design. Better monitoring leads to more reliable and realistic protection zones and thus helps catchment managers to better justify smaller, yet conservative safety margins. In order to allow an optimal choice in sampling strategies, we compare the trade-off in monitoring versus the delineation costs by accounting for ill-delineated fractions of protection zones. Within an illustrative simplified 2D synthetic test case, we demonstrate our concept, involving synthetic transmissivity and head measurements for conditioning. We demonstrate the worth of optimally collected data in the context of protection zone delineation by assessing the reduced areal demand of delineated area at user-specified risk acceptance level. Results indicate that, thanks to optimally collected data, risk-aware delineation can be made at low to moderate additional costs compared to conventional delineation strategies.

Enzenhöfer, R.; Geiges, A.; Nowak, W.

2011-12-01

410

Measuring Property Management Risk and Loss: Step One Toward Managing Property on a Foundation of Risk, Cost, and Benefit  

SciTech Connect

This is a period of ever-tightening defense budgets and continuing pressure on the public sector to be more commercial-like, Property policies, practices, and regulations are increasingly being challenged and changed. In these times, we must be leaders in understanding and defining the value of our profession from a commercial standpoint so that we can provide the right services to our customers and explain and defend the value of those services. To do so, we must step outside current property management practices, regulations, and oversight. We must learn to think and speak in the language of those who fund us--a financial language of risk, cost, and benefit. Regardless of regulation and oversight, our bosses are demanding that we demonstrate (financially) the benefits of current practice, or else. This article is intended to be the beginning of an effort to understand and define our profession in terms of risk, cost, and benefit so that we can meet these new challenges. The first step in this effort must be defining and measuring risk, cost, and benefit. Our costs, although sometimes difficult to capture, are easy to understand: they are almost exclusively the effort, both within and without the property management organization, involved in managing property. Unfortunately, property risks and benefits are not so simple or so well understood. Generally, risks and benefits are identified and measured through physical inventory results: potential and actual shortages. This paper will explore the weaknesses in the current understanding and use of shortage information as the yardstick for property management risks and performance. It will define a new framework for understanding the purpose and value of property management. And finally, it will set a course for a new method of measuring and valuing physical inventoty shortages. This new method will yield accurate and useful measures of property management risk and benefit. Once risk and benefit are accurately understood and measured, it will be possible to evaluate, adjust, and explain property management practices and regulations from a commercial, financial perspective; it will be possible for us to be the leaders in redefining the purpose and value of the property management profession for today's environment.

Johnson, Curtis

1999-05-17

411

Integrated risk management for business survival  

SciTech Connect

During the recent recession, many businesses have had to take severe measures to cut costs. The Department of Defense has also been faced with the need to cut costs to offset the expense of the Gulf War and a shrinking budget due to the fall of communism around the world. With the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and dissolution of the Soviet Union, there has been an increasing demand to reduce the defense budget to provide the so-called peace dividend'' to deal with social and economic problems at home. President Bush's State of the Union Message in February 1992 called for deeper cuts than the 25% previously anticipated. It also called for these cuts to occur sooner than expected with $50 billion in defense cuts anticipated over the fiscal 1992--1997 period. The Department of Defense plan for force resizing calls for 25-30% reductions over time. This report discusses how the department of defense is trying to deal with the management of this crisis.

Piatt, J.A.

1992-06-01

412

Integrated risk management for business survival  

SciTech Connect

During the recent recession, many businesses have had to take severe measures to cut costs. The Department of Defense has also been faced with the need to cut costs to offset the expense of the Gulf War and a shrinking budget due to the fall of communism around the world. With the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and dissolution of the Soviet Union, there has been an increasing demand to reduce the defense budget to provide the so-called ``peace dividend`` to deal with social and economic problems at home. President Bush`s State of the Union Message in February 1992 called for deeper cuts than the 25% previously anticipated. It also called for these cuts to occur sooner than expected with $50 billion in defense cuts anticipated over the fiscal 1992--1997 period. The Department of Defense plan for force resizing calls for 25-30% reductions over time. This report discusses how the department of defense is trying to deal with the management of this crisis.

Piatt, J.A.

1992-06-01

413

Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program scientific peer review  

SciTech Connect

The 1,350 square-mile Nevada Test Site and additional sites in Nevada served as the continental sites for US nuclear weapons testing from 1951 to 1992. The Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program (NRAMP) is a currently on-going effort of the Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and the firm of E. J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., in cooperation with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management Program. Argonne National Laboratory is one of several public and private organizations supporting personnel appointed by the NRAMP to the NRAMP Scientific Peer Review Panel. The NRAMP is part of a national effort by the DOE to develop new sources of information and approaches to risk assessment, risk management, risk communication, and public outreach relevant to the ecological and human health effects of radioactive and hazardous materials management and site remediation activities. This paper describes the development, conduct, and current results of the scientific peer review process which supports the goals of the NRAMP.

Bentz, E.J. Jr.; Bentz, C.B.; O`Hora, T.D. [E.J. Bentz and Associates, Inc., Alexandria, VA (United States); Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.

1997-04-01

414

Legal Liability and Risk Management in Outdoor Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes duties and responsibilities of outdoor instructors under British criminal and civil law. Discusses elements of negligence under civil law including damage, duty of care, standard of care, in loco parentis, students' duty of care, foreseeability, and employer's legal duty. Presents risk management in terms of primary, secondary, and…

Dynon, John; Loynes, Chris

1990-01-01

415

EPA ORD RISK MANAGEMENT APPROACH TO DRINKING WATER RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The approach to managing the risks associated with many environmental concerns has changed over the last five years with more emphasis being placed on integrating sound science into the more complex mix of socio-economic considerations facing American society today. This paper g...

416

EMPLOYEE DRIVER CERTIFICATION Office of Risk Management & Insurance  

E-print Network

EMPLOYEE DRIVER CERTIFICATION Office of Risk Management & Insurance 113 Olds Hall East Lansing, MI not been convicted of operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, leaving the scene to drive its vehicle, and is relying upon the accuracy and truthfulness of this certification. I further

417

Energy Risk Management 2 -Master course Instructor: Dean FANTAZZINI  

E-print Network

. Modelling Energy Prices [12 hours teaching + 3 hours seminars] · Introduction to Energy Modelling ­ Dragana 4: Essential Statistical Tools · Spot Price Behavior ­ Les Clewlow and Chris Strickland. Energy and Analyzing Spot Prices ­ Dragana Pilipovic. Energy Risk: Valuing and Managing Energy Derivatives, 2nd Edition

Kaplan, Alexander

418

Risk management and decision rules for light water reactor  

SciTech Connect

The process of developing and adopting safety objectives in quantitative terms can provide a basis for focusing societal decision making on the suitability of such objectives and upon questions of compliance with those objectives. A preliminary proposal for a light water reactor (LWR) risk management framework is presented as part of that process.

Griesmeyer, J. M.; Okrent, D.

1981-01-01

419

FIN 550 Risk Management Winter 2013 Vinay Datar  

E-print Network

Finance, Financial Management, and Harvard Business Review. Coursepack Link: http://cb.hbsp.harvard., by Smithson Charles, Clifford Smith and Wilford Sykes. Required Cases: Selected from Harvard case materials. Supplemental Readings:Financial Times, Business Week, Economist, Euro Money, Risk, Journal of Applied Corporate

Carter, John

420

MULTISENSOR SYSTEMS AND FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT. APPLICATION TO  

E-print Network

MULTISENSOR SYSTEMS AND FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT. APPLICATION TO THE DANUBE DELTA USING RADAR concernant le risque d'inondation durant les événements du printemps 2006 dans le delta du Danube en inondations dans le Delta du Danube, ainsi qu'à la gestion de ce risque dans le delta et à son développement

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

421

The Manager's Role in Financial Reporting: A Risk Consultant's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Ray Gonzalez, a risk consultant at Deloitte & Touche LLP, in Houston, Texas, about the financial reporting responsibilities of top, middle, and frontline managers in large and medium-size firms. This interview spotlights the necessity for timely and accurate reporting of financial information relating to…

Bell, Reginald L.

2007-01-01

422

Purchasing, Contracts and Risk Management Request Form FUNDING TRANSFER AGREEMENT  

E-print Network

Purchasing, Contracts and Risk Management Request Form � FUNDING TRANSFER AGREEMENT Funding the budget holder completes the requisition, submit it to the budget holder and then to Purchasing) Fund/Org: Fund: Org: Budget Holder: Funding Agency: Project Title: Funding Agency Project Reference Number: "S

Northern British Columbia, University of

423

Consumer evaluations of food risk management in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Consumer perceptions regarding what constitutes best food risk management (FRM) practice may vary as a consequence of cross-cultural differences in consumer perceptions, cultural contexts, and historical differences in governance practices and occurrence of food safety incidents. The purpose of this paper is to compare the views of Russian consumers with those of consumers in European Union member states.

Ksenia Popova; Lynne J. Frewer; Janneke De Jonge; Arnout Fischer; Ellen Van Kleef

2010-01-01

424

Using Simulation Analysis for Mining Project Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the current economic crisis, which led to metal prices fall, mining company managers have been encouraged to cut costs. Thus, improvement projects to reduce cost has become major interest in the Mongolian mining industry. Mining projects are subject to high risk because of their size, uncertainty, complexity and high cost. This paper focuses on the devel-

Undram Chinbat; Soemon Takakuwa

2009-01-01

425

Risk Management: Coordinating Corporate Investment and Financing Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a general framework for analyzing corporate risk management policies. We begin by observing that if external sources of finance are more costly to corporations than internally generated funds, there will typically be a benefit to hedging: hedging adds value to the extent that it helps ensure that a corporation has sufficient internal funds available to take advantage

Kenneth A Froot; David S Scharfstein; Jeremy C Stein

1993-01-01

426

Seasonal Flood Forecasts and Dynamic Flood Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in predicting seasonal flood peaks\\/volumes conditioned on ocean, atmospheric and land surface conditions offer the scope for dynamic flood risk management. We address a deficiency of the traditional assumption that flood series are stationary, independent and identically distributed (iid). In this study, we evaluate a semi-parametric methodology based on local likelihood estimation for estimating the flood quantiles based

S. Arumugam; U. Lall

2004-01-01

427

The University of North Texas/IFC Risk Management Policy  

E-print Network

Agreement. participate each year in an alcohol and substance abuse training program sponsored by the InterThe University of North Texas/IFC Risk Management Policy A) Drug and Alcohol Policy: 1. The possession, use, consumption or serving of alcoholic beverages and/or drugs by any University of North Texas

Mohanty, Saraju P.

428

Environment Object Management Technology: Experiences, Opportunities and Risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past several years, we have been actively investigating object management technology for building software environments. Our experiences in this area have spanned type definition and implementation techniques, persistence models and implementation methods, type models for environments, and interoperability models and tools. In this paper we briefly summarize these experiences and then sketch both the opportunities and the risks

Jack C. Wileden; Alexander L. Wolf

1989-01-01

429

Supply Chain Risk Management: Present and Future Scope  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - This paper examines Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM) from a holistic systems thinking perspective by considering the different typologies that have evolved as a result of earlier research. The aim of research reported in this paper is the identification of important strategic changes in the field and to outline future requirements and research opportunities in SCRM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach -

A. Ghadge; S. Dani; R. Kalawsky

2012-01-01

430

Risk-Based Models for Managing Data Privacy in Healthcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research in health care lacks a systematic investigation to identify and classify various sources of threats to information privacy when sharing health data. Identifying and classifying such threats would enable the development of effective information security risk monitoring and management policies. In this research I put the first step…

AL Faresi, Ahmed

2011-01-01

431

National Risk Management Research Laboratory Strategic plan and Implementation - Overview  

EPA Science Inventory

This publication provides an overview of the strategic plan recently developed by the National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL). It includes a description of NRMRL's mission and goals and their alignment with Agency goals. Additionally, the overview contains a brief se...

432

Integrated Project Delivery: Managing Liability Risks for the Design Professional  

E-print Network

these risks in the design firms’ culture. The suggested model employs an 8-step process based on John Kotters’ book Leading Change, and utilizing a committee approach as part of the process. If implemented properly the change management model and committee...

Hancock, Brian

2010-12-17

433

Informing Reactor Aging Management by Extended Risk Methodology  

SciTech Connect

This is a paper summary to be published in the proceedings of the Winter Meeting of the American Nuclear Society. It describes a method for expanding probabilistic risk assessment models to address issues associated with the management of aging nuclear power plants and the prioritization of materials degradation research.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

2009-07-01

434

Risk Management of Exchange Rates in International Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

International contractors must consider the substantial risks related to unexpected foreign exchange fluctuation when conducting their business and using foreign currencies in foreign countries. Most international contractors attempt to minimize foreign exchange exposure within a manageable range because it may influence the company's fundamental financial structure, reduce market value or profit margins, or disrupt ongoing and future projects. This research

Yong-Han Ahn; Paul Holley; Jun Suk Kang

2009-01-01

435

Risk Factors in Adolescent Substance Abuse: Treatment and Management Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses research on adolescent substance abuse risk factors and their role in the management of adolescent substance abuse disorders. A selective literature review suggests specific intervention strategies; no generic approach fits all adolescent substance-use clients. Effective techniques require individual assessments, including the context in…

Thomas, Connie S.; Schandler, Steven L.

1996-01-01

436

RISK MANAGEMENT IN REAL OPTIONS BASED PHARMACEUTICAL PORTFOLIO PLANNING  

E-print Network

RISK MANAGEMENT IN REAL OPTIONS BASED PHARMACEUTICAL PORTFOLIO PLANNING Michael J. Rogers, Anshuman Gupta, and Costas D. Maranas* Department of Chemical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University incorporate a Monte Carlo simulation procedure to a stochastic optimization model (OptFolio) of pharmaceutical

Maranas, Costas

437

A profitable trading and risk management strategy despite transaction costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new profitable trading and risk management strategy with transaction cost for an adaptive equally weighted portfolio. Moreover, we implement a rule-based expert system for the daily financial decision-making process using the power of spectral analysis. We use several key components such as principal component analysis, partitioning, memory in stock markets, percentile for relative standing, the first four

Ahmet Duran; Michael J. Bommarito

2011-01-01

438

Risk Management and Litigation Avoidance in Outdoor Recreation Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews aspects of Canadian and U.S. law related to liability and negligence of outdoor programs and suggests strategies for risk management. To prove negligence, an individual injured in an outdoor program must prove that the outdoor leader had a duty of care to the participant, standards of care were breached, actual injury was…

Hanna, Glenda

439

Security risks in nuclear waste management: Exceptionalism, opaqueness and vulnerability.  

PubMed

This paper analyses some potential security risks, concerning terrorism or more mundane forms of crime, such as fraud, in management of nuclear waste using a PEST scan (of political, economic, social and technical issues) and some insights of criminologists on crime prevention. Nuclear waste arises as spent fuel from ongoing energy generation or other nuclear operations, operational contamination or emissions, and decommissioning of obsolescent facilities. In international and EU political contexts, nuclear waste management is a sensitive issue, regulated specifically as part of the nuclear industry as well as in terms of hazardous waste policies. The industry involves state, commercial and mixed public-private bodies. The social and cultural dimensions--risk, uncertainty, and future generations--resonate more deeply here than in any other aspect of waste management. The paper argues that certain tendencies in regulation of the industry, claimed to be justified on security grounds, are decreasing transparency and veracity of reporting, opening up invisible spaces for management frauds, and in doing allowing a culture of impunity in which more serious criminal or terrorist risks could arise. What is needed is analysis of this 'exceptional' industry in terms of the normal cannons of risk assessment - a task that this paper begins. PMID:20022419

Vander Beken, Tom; Dorn, Nicholas; Van Daele, Stijn

2010-01-01

440

Challenges of Applying Risk Management to Terrorism Security Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the six years since the formation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department has adopted risk management as an organizing principal that should be used to inform prioritization of missions and allocation of precious resources (DHS 2005). This proclamation by Secretary Michael Chertoff provided a direction, but not the means to get the job done. Subsequent efforts

Henry H. Willis

2008-01-01

441

The CORAS Approach for Model-based Risk Management applied to e-Commerce Domain  

E-print Network

1 The CORAS Approach for Model-based Risk Management applied to e-Commerce Domain Dimitris Raptis framework for model-based risk management of security critical systems by exploiting the synthesis of risk on the integration of RUP and a standardised security risk management process, and it is supported by an XML

Stølen, Ketil

442

The new risk management: the good, the bad, and the ugly  

Microsoft Academic Search

At one time, risk management was limited to insurance and the avoidance of lawsuits and accidents. The new risk management also includes using tools developed for pricing financial options for the management of financial risks within the firm. Trading in financial markets based on these tools can insulate companies from the risk of changes in interest rates, input prices, or

Philip H. Dybvig; William J. Marshall

1997-01-01

443

Research on the Risk Assessment Method of Vicarious Management Corporation Based on the Fuzzy AHP Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzed the characteristics of vicarious management projects and their requests to the vicarious management work, discussed the significance of the risk assessment of the vicarious management corporation (VMC), identified the risk of the VMC using the risk breakdown structure method, and brought forward a risk assessment method based on the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method, Delphi method and

Guodong Ni; Meng Xie; Wenshun Wang; Jianping Wang; Jianqiao Zhang

2010-01-01

444

Psychosocial Risks: Is Risk Management Strategic Enough in Business and Policy Making?  

PubMed Central

Background In times of continuous change and volatile markets, organizations are increasingly characterized by downsizing, work intensification, and resource rationalization. This has resulted in diversification, and the emergence of new risks within the field of occupational health and safety, with an important impact. This paper focuses on one such type of risk in the modern workplace—psychosocial risks. The current study aimed to explore stakeholder perspectives, regarding the extent to which psychosocial risks are incorporated into strategic risk management practices, at both the business and policy level. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 professionals, representing employer, expert, policy maker, and trade union stakeholder perspectives. Results It was found that the majority of organizations do not sufficiently, if at all, understand and incorporate psychosocial risks into strategic decision making, whereby the key barrier related to practical difficulties of not knowing how to manage psychosocial risks adequately. Conclusion The study found that there is a need to close the gap between policy and practice on a number of levels. Future recommendations comprise a policy framework and infrastructure underpinned by educational initiatives, partnerships, and networks to drive a shift in attitudes toward recognizing the duality of the concept of risk (including both potential negative and positive outcomes) and moving beyond simple regulatory compliance. PMID:23961331

Langenhan, Melissa K.; Leka, Stavroula; Jain, Aditya

2013-01-01

445

The Perception Gap: Recognizing and managing the risks that arise when we get risk wrong.  

PubMed

Many in the academic, science, and business communities are frustrated at how people perceive and respond to risk, lamenting that the lay public is sometimes more afraid of some threats than the evidence warrants, and less afraid of some dangers than the evidence warns. This is often ascribed to the alarmist way the news media cover risk-related subjects. That criticism is simplistic and unproductive, and ignores or dismisses the large body of research that finds that the perception of risk is not, and can never be, perfectly rational. Risk perception among members of the public, the media, and members of the academic, scientific, and business communities, is ultimately subjective. The gap between our fears and the evidence is not simply the product of alarmist media reporting. This 'Perception Gap' poses significant risks in and of itself, influencing the choices we make as individuals and as a society. The roots of the Perception Gap must be understood if we are to recognize the dangers that can arise when we sometimes get risk wrong, and in order that we may more wisely manage those risks as actively as we manage toxicological or food or other risks with which we are more familiar. PMID:22381258

Ropeik, David

2012-05-01

446

Managing population and drought risks using many-objective water portfolio planning under uncertainty  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study contributes a many-objective analysis of the tradeoffs associated with using the portfolio planning approach for managing the urban water supply risks posed by growing population demands and droughts. The analysis focuses on four supply portfolio strategies: (1) portfolios with permanent rights to reservoir inflows, (2) adaptive options contracts added to the permanent rights, (3) rights, options, and leases, and (4) rights, options, and leases subject to a critical reliability constraint used to represent a maximally risk averse case. The portfolio planning strategies were evaluated using a 10 year Monte Carlo simulation of a city in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) within Texas. Our solution sets provide the tradeoff surfaces between portfolios' expected values for cost, cost variability, reliability, surplus water, frequency of using leases, and dropped (or unused) transfers of water. Using an additional severe drought scenario, this work shows that leases and options can reduce the potential for critical supply failures when urban supply systems must contend with unexpected and severe extremes in both demand and water scarcity. In summary, this paper contributes a framework that couples interactive visualization and many-objective optimization to innovate urban water portfolio planning under uncertainty. The many-objective analysis of the LRGV case study shows that effective water portfolio planning can simultaneously improve the costs, efficiency, and reliability of urban water supply while ensuring adaptability and resiliency to future changes.

Kasprzyk, J. R.; Reed, P. M.; Kirsch, B. R.; Characklis, G. W.

2009-12-01

447

SYN-OP-SYS™: A Computerized Management Information System for Quality Assurance and Risk Management  

PubMed Central

SYN·OP·SYS™ is a computerized management information system for quality assurance and risk management. Computer software for the efficient collection and analysis of “occurrences” and the clinical data associated with these kinds of patient events is described. The system is evaluated according to certain computer design criteria, and the system's implementation is assessed.

Thomas, David J.; Weiner, Jayne; Lippincott, Ronald C.

1985-01-01

448

A Digital Curate's Egg: A Risk Management Approach to Enhancing Data Management Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a case study of work performed at King's College London to survey information management practices, policies, and procedures applied by data creators and managers within three research units and three business units, and to determine the risk factors that may limit access and use of their digital assets over time. The…

Knight, Gareth

2012-01-01

449

Managing tobacco use: the neglected cardiovascular disease risk factor.  

PubMed

Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the leading avoidable cause of death worldwide. Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) increases the risk of CVD among non-smokers. Smoking cessation benefits all smokers, regardless of age or amount smoked. The excess risk of CVD is rapidly reversible, and stopping smoking after a myocardial infarction reduces an individual's risk of CVD mortality by 36% over 2 years. Smoking cessation is a key component of primary and secondary CVD prevention strategies, but tobacco use often receives less attention from cardiologists than other risk factors, despite the availability of proven treatments that improve smoking cessation rates. Both psychosocial counselling and pharmacotherapy are effective methods to help smokers quit, but they are most effective when used together. The first-line medications licensed to aid smoking cessation, nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion and varenicline, are effective in and appropriate for patients with CVD. An evidence-based approach for physicians is to routinely ask all patients about smoking status and SHS exposure, advise all smokers to quit and all patients to adopt smoke-free policies for their home and car, and offer all smokers in the office or hospital brief counselling, smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, and referral to local programmes where psychosocial support can be sustained in person or by telephone. Like other chronic diseases, tobacco use requires a long-term management strategy. It deserves to be managed as intensively as other CVD risk factors. PMID:24014389

Rigotti, Nancy A; Clair, Carole

2013-11-01

450

Hazard assessment and risk management of offshore production chemicals  

SciTech Connect

There is a clear need for harmonization of the regulations with regard to the use and discharge of drilling and production chemicals in the North Sea. Therefore the CHARM (Chemical Hazard Assessment and Risk Management) model was developed. Both government (of several countries) and industry (E and P and chemical suppliers) participated in the project. The CHARM model is discussed and accepted by OSPARCON. The CHARM model consists of several modules. The model starts with a prescreening on the basis of hazardous properties like persistency, accumulation potential and the appearance on black lists. The core of the model.consists of modules for hazard assessment and risk analysis. Hazard assessment covers a general environmental evaluation of a chemical on the basis of intrinsic properties of that chemical. Risk analysis covers a more specific evaluation of the environmental impact from the use of a production chemical, or a combination of chemicals, under actual conditions. In the risk management module the user is guided to reduce the total risk of all chemicals used on a platform by the definition of measures in the most cost-effective way. The model calculates the environmental impact for the marine environment. Thereto three parts are distinguished: pelagic, benthic and food chain. Both hazard assessment and risk analysis are based on a proportional comparison of an estimated PEC with an estimated NEC. The PEC is estimated from the use, release, dilution and fate of the chemical and the NEC is estimated from the available toxicity data of the chemicals.

Schobben, H.P.M.; Scholten, M.C.T. [TNO Den Helder (Netherlands); Vik, E.A.; Bakke, S. [Aquateam, Oslo (Norway)

1994-12-31

451

MRI Measurements of Carotid Plaque in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study: Methods, Reliability and Descriptive Statistics  

PubMed Central

Purpose To measure carotid plaque components using MRI and estimate reliability in the population-based Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Materials and Methods Contrast-enhanced high-resolution (0.51 × 0.58 × 2 mm3) MRI images were acquired through internal (ICA) and common carotid arteries (CCA) of 2066 ARIC participants at four sites. Sixty-one exams were repeated and 164 pairs had repeated interpretations. Plaque component thicknesses, areas and volumes over eight slices (1.6-cm segment) were measured. Intraplaque hemorrhage was recorded. Reliability was evaluated by intraclass correlations and ? statistics. Results There were 1769 successful MRI exams (mean age 71 years; 57% females; 81% white; 19% African-Americans). Repeat scan reliability was highest for CCA lumen area (0.94) and maximum wall thickness (0.89), ICA lumen area (0.89) and maximum wall thickness (0.77) and total wall volume (0.79), and lowest for small structures—core volume (0.30) and mean cap thickness (0.38). Overall reliability was primarily related to reader variability rather than scan acquisition. K’s for presence of core, calcification and hemorrhage were fair to good. White men had the thickest plaques (average maximum ICA wall thickness = 2.3 mm) and the most cores (34%). Conclusion The most important limiting factor for MRI measurements of plaque components is reader variability. Measurement error depends largely on the analyzed structure’s size. PMID:20099354

Wasserman, Bruce A.; Astor, Brad C.; Sharrett, A. Richey; Swingen, Cory; Catellier, Diane

2010-01-01

452

Risk assessment and hierarchical risk management of enterprises in chemical industrial parks based on catastrophe theory.  

PubMed

According to risk systems theory and the characteristics of the chemical industry, an index system was established for risk assessment of enterprises in chemical industrial parks (CIPs) based on the inherent risk of the source, effectiveness of the prevention and control mechanism, and vulnerability of the receptor. A comprehensive risk assessment method based on catastrophe theory was then proposed and used to analyze the risk levels of ten major chemical enterprises in the Songmu Island CIP, China. According to the principle of equal distribution function, the chemical enterprise risk level was divided into the following five levels: 1.0 (very safe), 0.8 (safe), 0.6 (generally recognized as safe, GRAS), 0.4 (unsafe), 0.2 (very unsafe). The results revealed five enterprises (50%) with an unsafe risk level, and another five enterprises (50%) at the generally recognized as safe risk level. This method solves the multi-objective evaluation and decision-making problem. Additionally, this method involves simple calculations and provides an effective technique for risk assessment and hierarchical risk management of enterprises in CIPs. PMID:23208298

Chen, Yu; Song, Guobao; Yang, Fenglin; Zhang, Shushen; Zhang, Yun; Liu, Zhenyu

2012-12-01

453

Risk Assessment and Hierarchical Risk Management of Enterprises in Chemical Industrial Parks Based on Catastrophe Theory  

PubMed Central

According to risk systems theory and the characteristics of the chemical industry, an index system was established for risk assessment of enterprises in chemical industrial parks (CIPs) based on the inherent risk of the source, effectiveness of the prevention and control mechanism, and vulnerability of the receptor. A comprehensive risk assessment method based on catastrophe theory was then proposed and used to analyze the risk levels of ten major chemical enterprises in the Songmu Island CIP, China. According to the principle of equal distribution function, the chemical enterprise risk level was divided into the following five levels: 1.0 (very safe), 0.8 (safe), 0.6 (generally recognized as safe, GRAS), 0.4 (unsafe), 0.2