Sample records for renewable energy consumption

  1. Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity

    EIA Publications

    2012-01-01

    Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

  2. Economic welfare impacts from renewable energy consumption: The China experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yiping Fang

    2011-01-01

    Over the last years renewable energy sources have increased their share on electricity generation of China due to environmental and security of supply concerns. In this work author assesses the role of both the amount and share of renewable energy consumption in economic welfare using Cobb–Douglas type production functions. This assessment is carried out by multivariate OLS and SPSS software

  3. A review on the energy production, consumption, and prospect of renewable energy in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Chang; Dennis Y. C. Leung; C. Z. Wu; Z. H. Yuan

    2003-01-01

    China is the second largest energy consumer in the world. This paper reviews the production and consumption of traditional and renewable energy in China over the past three decades. It also presents an overview on the research and development of renewable energy, such as solar, biomass, geothermal, ocean and wind energy in China. Study indicated that the usage of renewable

  4. Sectoral Analysis of the Causal Relationship Between Renewable and NonRenewable Energy Consumption and Real Output in the US

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Bowden; J. E. Payne

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the causal relationship between renewable and non-renewable energy consumption by sector and real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the US using annual data from 1949 to 2006. The Toda-Yamamoto long-run causality tests reveal the absence of Granger-causality between commercial and industrial renewable energy consumption and real GDP, respectively. Bidirectional Granger-causality exists between commercial and residential non-renewable energy

  5. Impact of Energy Policy Act of 2005 Section 206 Rebates on Consumers and Renewable Energy Consumption, With Projections to 2010

    EIA Publications

    2006-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA), with the agreement of the Department, interpreted section 206(d) as calling for a listing of the types of renewable fuels available today, and a listing of those that will be available in the future based on the incentives provided in section 206(d). This report provides that information, and also provides information concerning renewable energy equipment and renewable energy consumption.

  6. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    's electricity consumption. · Texas Achieved Higher Annual Capacity Additions than Other States, While FourEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy AUGUST 2010 2009 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT EXECUTIVE (Berkeley Lab) Kevin Porter and Sari Fink (Exeter Associates) Suzanne Tegen (National Renewable Energy

  7. Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Nine OECD Countries: Bounds Test Approach and Causality Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Hung-Pin, Lin

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the short-run and long-run causality between renewable energy (RE) consumption and economic growth (EG) in nine OECD countries from the period between 1982 and 2011. To examine the linkage, this paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration test and vector error-correction models to test the causal relationship between variables. The co-integration and causal relationships are found in five countries—United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom (UK). The overall results indicate that (1) a short-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in Italy and UK; (2) long-run unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany, Italy, and UK; (3) a long-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in USA, and Japan; (4) both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany and UK; and (5) Finally, both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from EG to RE in only USA. Further evidence reveals that policies for renewable energy conservation may have no impact on economic growth in France, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain. PMID:24558343

  8. Renewable energy consumption and economic growth in nine OECD countries: bounds test approach and causality analysis.

    PubMed

    Hung-Pin, Lin

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the short-run and long-run causality between renewable energy (RE) consumption and economic growth (EG) in nine OECD countries from the period between 1982 and 2011. To examine the linkage, this paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration test and vector error-correction models to test the causal relationship between variables. The co-integration and causal relationships are found in five countries-United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom (UK). The overall results indicate that (1) a short-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in Italy and UK; (2) long-run unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany, Italy, and UK; (3) a long-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in USA, and Japan; (4) both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany and UK; and (5) Finally, both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from EG to RE in only USA. Further evidence reveals that policies for renewable energy conservation may have no impact on economic growth in France, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain. PMID:24558343

  9. Renewable energy annual 1996

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report presents summary data on renewable energy consumption, the status of each of the primary renewable technologies, a profile of each of the associated industries, an analysis of topical issues related to renewable energy, and information on renewable energy projects worldwide. It is the second in a series of annual reports on renewable energy. The renewable energy resources included in the report are biomass (wood and ethanol); municipal solid waste, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas; geothermal; wind; and solar energy, including solar thermal and photovoltaic. The report also includes various appendices and a glossary.

  10. Renewable Energy Annual

    EIA Publications

    2012-01-01

    Presents five chapters covering various aspects of the renewable energy marketplace, along with detailed data tables and graphics. Particular focus is given to renewable energy trends in consumption and electricity; manufacturing activities of solar thermal collectors, solar photovoltaic cells/modules, and geothermal heat pumps; and green pricing and net metering programs. The Department of Energy provides detailed offshore

  11. Renewable Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    In this lesson, students are introduced to the five types of renewable energy resources by engaging in various activities to help them understand the transformation of energy (solar, water and wind) into electricity. Students explore the different roles engineers who work in renewable energy fields have in creating a sustainable environment – an environment that contributes to greater health, happiness and safety.

  12. The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1

    E-print Network

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    fuel industries and renewable energy industries. We analyze how the different kinds of energy policy policies neither reduce fossil fuel consumption nor increase renewable energy consumption. Keywords: energy

  13. Renewable Energies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrich Schindewolf; Karl Wilhelm Boeddeker

    2010-01-01

    At prevailing economic practice the alarming “two degrees-limit” of global warming will be reached long before the known fossil fuel reserves are gone. A future alternative energy economy relying on renewable energies will be more diverse yet more expensive than traditional combustion the new figure of merit is the cost of CO2 avoidance. This communication surveys the relevant alternatives –

  14. Energy consumption

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Energy Education Development (NEED) Project

    2003-01-01

    This document examines energy consumption. The reading will explore energy consumption or energy usage in the United States and discuss specific topics such as (1) Who uses energy?, (2) Homes and commerce, (3) Heating and Cooling, (4) Lighting, (5) Appliances, (6) Appliance efficiency ratings, (7) Payback period, (8) Industrial sector, (9) Petroleum refining, (10) Steel manufacturing, (11) Aluminum Manufacturing, (12) Paper manufacturing, (13) Chemical Manufacturing, (14) Cement Manufacturing, (15) The Transportation Sector, (16) The Automobile, and (17) Commercial transportation (Trucks, Railroads, Planes, and Mass Transportation). The document also depicts illustrations of energy use percentages, lighting efficiency, energy guide, percentage of petroleum products, U.S. oil refinery operating expenses, reduction in energy use 1973-2003, average fuel efficiency of passenger cars, air transport passenger miles per gallon, and tractor trailer truck mileage. This resource is structured as an informational handout to supplement your energy activities or to generate discussion questions. Copyright 2005 International Technology Education Association

  15. As Global energy consumption rises, more research is being conducted towards alternative renewable

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    renewable fuels. · Combustion modeling is being used to simulate biodiesel combustion in diesel engines FOR COMBUSTION MODELING ENGINE TESTING SETUP ENGINE TESTING RESULTS CONCLUSIONS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS "The author. · Simulating biodiesel combustion to obtain combustion data relevant to real world applications, can be very

  16. Funding for Renewable Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schultz, Jennifer J.

    On May 25, 1999, the House and Senate appropriation committees cut funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs, while at the same time increasing funding for nuclear and fossil fuel programs. This move runs counter to the opinions of most Americans, according to a recent survey commissioned by the Sustainable Energy Coalition. According to the survey, Americans believe renewable energy and energy efficiency funding should be prioritized, while nuclear power and fossil fuel spending should be reduced. Following the budget changes, President Clinton issued an executive order for federal agencies to cut energy consumption by 35 percent of 1985 levels by 2010, as the federal government is the largest consumer of energy. Clinton also urged Congress to reevaluate and approve the 2000 budget funding requests for research to help American businesses use energy-saving technology. This week's In The News examines the recent federal decisions regarding energy use and technology; the eight resources listed provide background information on this important issue.

  17. Energy Conservation Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    Delgado, Mauricio

    Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

  18. Analysis of renewable and nonrenewable energy consumption, real GDP and CO2 emissions: A structural VAR approach in Romania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Shahbaz; Muhammad Zeshan; Aviral Kumar Tiwari

    2011-01-01

    Impulse responses of our structural VAR portray a positive correlation between the real GDP of Romania and energy consumption. The present study employs the annual data covering the period 1980-2008, and brings to light the factors playing important role in satisfying the energy requirements, its economic and social implications. Any short-run rise in energy requirements is contented with the help

  19. Reduces electric energy consumption

    E-print Network

    BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings production and consumption. However, specific and quantitative recommendations for cost savings, energy

  20. Global Renewable Energy Projections

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Demirbas

    2009-01-01

    Projections are important tools for long-term planning and policy settings. Renewable energy sources that use indigenous resources have the potential to provide energy services with zero or almost zero emissions of both air pollutants and greenhouse gases. Currently, renewable energy sources supply 14% of the total world energy demand. Renewable energy is a promising alternative solution because it is clean

  1. Alaska's renewable energy potential.

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-02-01

    This paper delivers a brief survey of renewable energy technologies applicable to Alaska's climate, latitude, geography, and geology. We first identify Alaska's natural renewable energy resources and which renewable energy technologies would be most productive. e survey the current state of renewable energy technologies and research efforts within the U.S. and, where appropriate, internationally. We also present information on the current state of Alaska's renewable energy assets, incentives, and commercial enterprises. Finally, we escribe places where research efforts at Sandia National Laboratories could assist the state of Alaska with its renewable energy technology investment efforts.

  2. Renewable energy: Renewing the environment

    SciTech Connect

    Noun, R.J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1996-12-31

    During the past 20 years, the United States has enacted some of the world`s most comprehensive legislation to protect and preserve its environmental heritage. These regulations have spawned a $115-billion-per-year industry for {open_quotes}green{close_quotes} products and services, with more than 35,000 companies providing jobs for American workers. On the other hand, environmental regulations have placed heavy cost burdens on many U.S. businesses as they struggle to remain competitive in both domestic and foreign markets. How, then, can one reconcile the growing need for environmental protection with the desire for a stronger, healthier economy? Even as Congress debates the value of existing environmental legislation, new threats are appearing on the horizon. For example, extensive storm damage from Hurricane Andrew and other natural disasters has prompted members of the $650-billion insurance industry to begin studying the effects that global warming may have on future property damage claims. More and more people are realizing that the most efficient and economical way to control pollution is to avoid creating it in the first place. And that`s where renewable energy comes in. Technologies based on nonpolluting renewable energy sources such as sunlight and wind can help preserve our environmental heritage without a tangled web of regulations to burden industry. Renewable energy technologies can also help the United States become a world leader in a potential $400-billion-a-year global market for environmentally friendly products.

  3. Canada's energy picture: Prospects for renewable and nonrenewable energy sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1980-01-01

    Canada's historical energy consumption, its current consumption and its likely requirements by the turn of the century are reviewed. It is estimated that up to 50% more energy will be required in the year 2000 than is consumed now. Both non-renewable and renewable energy resources are reviewed in the light of these future energy requirements and the need to substitute

  4. The Electricity Consumption-Growth Nexus: Renewable Versus NonRenewable Electricity in Central America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Apergis; J. E. Payne

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the Granger-causal relationship between renewable and non-renewable electricity consumption and economic growth in the case of Central America within a panel error correction model framework. Larsson et al. (2001) panel cointegration test reveals a long-run equilibrium relationship between real gross domestic product, renewable electricity consumption, non-renewable electricity consumption, real gross fixed capital formation, and the labor force.

  5. Renewable energy annual 1995

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    The Renewable Energy Annual 1995 is the first in an expected series of annual reports the Energy Information Administration (EIA) intends to publish to provide a comprehensive assessment of renewable energy. This report presents the following information on the history, status, and prospects of renewable energy data: estimates of renewable resources; characterizations of renewable energy technologies; descriptions of industry infrastructures for individual technologies; evaluations of current market status; and assessments of near-term prospects for market growth. An international section is included, as well as two feature articles that discuss issues of importance for renewable energy as a whole. The report also contains a number of technical appendices and a glossary. The renewable energy sources included are biomass (wood), municipal solid waste, biomass-derived liquid fuels, geothermal, wind, and solar and photovoltaic.

  6. National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-04-01

    The National Renewable Energy Lab is the U.S. Department of Energy's premier laboratory for renewable energy research and development and a leading laboratory for energy efficiency research and development. The web site provides access to a large array of information that targets many different audiences. There are educational links and classroom activities and projects suited for audiences from primary education through college-level. Other features include information about different forms of energy, databases on renewable energy production, an extensive photo gallery, and information on current research and applications in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

  7. Renewable Energy Trust

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Renewable Energy Trust, which was created by the Massachusetts Legislature in 1998, is administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, a statewide quasi-public economic development agency. The Collaborative "seeks to maximize environmental and economic benefits for the Commonwealthâ??s citizens by pioneering and promoting clean energy technologies and fostering the emergence of sustainable markets for electricity generated from renewable sources." The website provides information on the Trust's various programs and activities. The Energy Information section of the website provides more information about renewable energy and suggestions for what energy users can do as well as resources for teaching students about renewable energy and global warming.

  8. Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National

    E-print Network

    energy consumption 31 Renewable aggregate data as reported in NREAP 45 Biomass supply 51 RES excessRenewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). In this version of the document (dated 28 November 2011

  9. Renewable Energy Powers Renewable Energy Lab, Employees

    E-print Network

    . NREL is also using solar energy for auxiliary purposes such as powering streetlights, water pumps, they may cost more. But as more people try renewable energy, prices will come down. Just look at computers. This has steadily lowered costs to the point where wind energy is within reach of many consumers. The price

  10. Renewable Energy Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daugherty, Michael K.; Carter, Vinson R.

    2010-01-01

    In many ways the field of renewable energy technology is being introduced to a society that has little knowledge or background with anything beyond traditional exhaustible forms of energy and power. Dotson (2009) noted that the real challenge is to inform and educate the citizenry of the renewable energy potential through the development of…

  11. Renewable Energy News

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

  12. Programs in Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    Our nation faces significant challenges as we enter the 1990s: securing a reliable supply of competitively priced energy, improving the quality of our environment, and increasing our share of foreign markets for goods and services. The US Department of Energy's (DOE) Programs in Renewable Energy are working toward meeting these challenges by developing the technologies that make use of our nation's largest energy resource: renewable energy. The sunlight, wind biomass, flowing water, ocean energy, and geothermal energy that make up the renewable energy resource can be found throughout our nation. These resources can provide all the forms of energy our nation needs: liquid fuels, electricity, and heating and cooling. Renewable energy meets about 10% of our need for these forms of energy today, yet the potential contribution is many times greater. DOE's Programs in Renewable Energy are working side-by-side with American industry to develop the technologies that convert renewable energy resources into practical, cost-competitive energy. After a decade of progress in research, several of these technologies are poised to make large contributions during the 1990s and beyond. This booklet provides an overview of the renewable energy programs and their plans for FY 1990. Sources of additional information are listed at the back of the booklet. 48 figs., 4 tabs.

  13. Renewable Energy Association

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    As the trade association for the UK bioenergy industry, British Biogen's mission is to promote and coordinate the commercial development of biomass as a renewable fuel resource for energy production. British Biogen has merged with the Renewable Power Association. By clicking on the Renewable Energy tab, users will find information on the different subject areas. REA adds new information based upon what we discover and updates these subject fields.

  14. THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether and both renewable and non-renewable energy consumption in the short- and long run. This finding confirms

  15. Renewable Energy Technology Certificate

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this framework for a renewable energy certificate. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  16. Possibilities of utilizing renewable energy sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benko, I.

    Attention is given to the quantitative and structural changes that have occurred in man's consumption of energy. It is pointed out that today 90% of the energy used comes from nonrenewable sources. In considering renewable energy sources, such as the sun, winds, tides, river currents, and earth's heat, attention is given to their geographical distribution. It is noted that supplying energy to isolated settlements that do not possess sources of renewable energy will pose a challenge.

  17. 2008 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-07-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  18. Energy-consumption modelling

    SciTech Connect

    Reiter, E.R.

    1980-01-01

    A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

  19. Renewable Energy Policy Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established in 1995 with funding from the Energy Foundation and the Department of Energy, the Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP) has spent the past decade educating the general public about renewable energies. This is accomplished by providing competent and rigorous policy analysis about the myriad of issues surrounding the viability and sustainability of such energy sources. Visitors to the siteâ??s homepage will find clickable icons (such as those depicting wind, solar, and hydrogen), and they can discover the variety of resources associated with each type of renewable energy source. These resources generally include a brief description of the REPPâ??s work in each field, along with links to some of their more recent working papers and policy briefs. For persons who hope to join the discussion about some of these timely topics, the site also maintains a number of relevant listservs, such as those dealing with bioconversion and strawbale conversion.

  20. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Flow Analytics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy flow analytics. Several useful graphics are included which provide data on energy flow and consumption as well as US transportation consumption. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  1. Possibilities of utilizing renewable energy sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Benko

    1981-01-01

    Attention is given to the quantitative and structural changes that have occurred in man's consumption of energy. It is pointed out that today 90% of the energy used comes from nonrenewable sources. In considering renewable energy sources, such as the sun, winds, tides, river currents, and earth's heat, attention is given to their geographical distribution. It is noted that supplying

  2. Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile

    E-print Network

    Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile The research program of the Professorship of Renewable applied to renewable energy technologies. The fundamental research focus comprises high-temperature heat (radiative fluxes >10 000 kW/m2 ; temperatures >1000°C; heating rates >1000°C/s) + Renewable Energy

  3. Geotechnical issues related to renewable energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tae Sup Yun; Jong-Sub Lee; Seung-Cheol Lee; Young Jin Kim; Hyung-Koo Yoon

    2011-01-01

    The renewable energy has been investigated as an alternative resource to resolve the demanding consumption of conventional\\u000a hydrocarbon energy, to minimize the environmental impact, and to secure the sustainability for decades. The exploitation of\\u000a renewables is often hampered due to the intermittence, site-dependency, and the lack of engineering experiences. The objective\\u000a of this paper is to introduce the characteristics of

  4. Learning about Renewable Energy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

    This booklet provides an introduction to renewable energy, discussing: (1) the production of electricity from sunlight; (2) wind power; (3) hydroelectric power; (4) geothermal energy; and (5) biomass. Also provided are nine questions to answer (based on the readings), four additional questions to answer (which require additional information), and…

  5. Renewable energy and utility regulation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-04-10

    This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC'S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable energy technologies to evaluate their potential and extract key policy lessons from experience already gained in deployment of these technologies in numerous states. The main focus of this effort has been to clarify how utility regulators affect the development of renewable energy resources. The goal of the project was twofold: (1) identify the factors that have led to success or failure or renewable energy technologies in various energy markets, and (2) to develop an agenda on renewable energy and utility regulation for NARUC and the DOE. This report consists of three sections: renewable energy contributions, costs and potential; factors affecting development of renewable energy resources; and a renewable energy agenda for NARUC.

  6. Renewable energy and utility regulation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-04-10

    This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC`S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable energy technologies to evaluate their potential and extract key policy lessons from experience already gained in deployment of these technologies in numerous states. The main focus of this effort has been to clarify how utility regulators affect the development of renewable energy resources. The goal of the project was twofold: (1) identify the factors that have led to success or failure or renewable energy technologies in various energy markets, and (2) to develop an agenda on renewable energy and utility regulation for NARUC and the DOE. This report consists of three sections: renewable energy contributions, costs and potential; factors affecting development of renewable energy resources; and a renewable energy agenda for NARUC.

  7. Renewable Energy Business Partnerships in China: Renewable Energy in China

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-04-01

    China has rich potential for renewable energy development including wind energy, solar, biomass, hydropower, and geothermal. Fact sheet describes Chinas policy for attracting foreign investment, Chinas tax policy, import duties, currency exchange, and renewable joint ventures in China.

  8. Renewable Energy: Energy Security and Sustainability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Turner

    2002-01-01

    Renewable energy offers the possibility of providing a complete, sustainable energy infrastructure without anthropogenic emission of CO2. Large-scale implementation of renewable technologies would eliminate the need to develop and implement sequestration systems, by reducing the use of, and ultimately eliminating fossil based energy production. Renewable energy also offers energy security because indigenous resources are sufficient. The major renewable energy systems

  9. Energy and resource consumption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The present and projected energy requirements for the United States are discussed. The energy consumption and demand sectors are divided into the categories: residential and commercial, transportation, and industrial and electrical generation (utilities). All sectors except electrical generation use varying amounts of fossile fuel resources for non-energy purposes. The highest percentage of non-energy use by sector is industrial with 71.3 percent. The household and commercial sector uses 28.4 percent, and transportation about 0.3 percent. Graphs are developed to project fossil fuel demands for non-energy purposes and the perdentage of the total fossil fuel used for non-energy needs.

  10. Energy consumption in manufacturing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmid, S. R.

    2012-04-01

    Energy sources, in the form of coal, oil, natural gas, solar or nuclear power, are global commodities, and as demand is projected to rise in the coming decades, so will costs. As such, an understanding of the energy needs of manufacturing processes and the ability to reduce the energy and carbon footprints are essential for sustainability reasons. Energy source effects are quantified in a number of measures. Models of energy needs by manufacturing processes are then examined, along with models incorporating the use of ancillary equipment such as pumps, filters, blowers, lighting, etc. Finally, the successful application of the tribological principles to influence energy consumption is discussed.

  11. Energy Consumption of the Internet

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Baliga; K. Hinton; R. S. Tucker

    2007-01-01

    As concerns about global energy consumption increase, the power consumption of the Internet is a matter of increasing importance. We present a network-based model that estimates Internet power consumption including the core, metro, and access networks.

  12. DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency by the California Energy Commission's Renewables Committee as part of Renewable Energy Program ­ Docket # 02-REN

  13. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Economics and Policy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy economics and policy. Students will gain a better understanding of how energy policy impacts the environment, energy consumption and energy production. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  14. Per Capita Energy Consumption

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    California Department of Finance

    Chart ranking states by per capita energy consumption shows it to be an almost perfect inverse of population density. Could be used in a course dealing with energy policy or as a crossover in many other course. Might be especially interesting, for instance, in a course about governing institutions at their consequences on policy using the uneven representation in the United States Senate and the uncertain future of the cap-and-trade climate bill to demonstrate the importance of institutions.

  15. Renewable energy development in China

    SciTech Connect

    Junfeng, Li

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the resources availability, technologies development and their costs of renewable energies in China and introduces the programs of renewable energies technologies development and their adaptation for rural economic development in China. As the conclusion of this paper, renewable energies technologies are suitable for some rural areas, especially in the remote areas for both household energy and business activities energy demand. The paper looks at issues involving hydropower, wind energy, biomass combustion, geothermal energy, and solar energy.

  16. Marine Renewable Energy and Cetaceans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah J. Dolman; Mick Green; Mark P. Simmonds

    There is an ongoing development of offshore renewable energy projects worldwide. Marine wind power technology is the most advanced and tidal and wave power projects are creating increasing interest. Marine renewable energy projects to date have been focused in northern Europe, yet developments are also planned and underway in other parts of the world. Whilst these offshore renewable energy developments

  17. Renewable energy: Ethanol from biomass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. T. Mullins; C. C. Nesmith

    1985-01-01

    Information is provided on the current status of both promising and proven sources of renewable energy in the State of Florida. Available conversion technologies, federal and state governmental promotion efforts, and private sector utilization of renewable energy are reviewed. Issues and factors that may advance or inhibit the greater use of renewable energy sources are identified and discussed. The public

  18. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Holt; Ryan Wiser; Mark Bolinger

    2006-01-01

    Renewable energy certificates (RECs) are tradable instruments that convey the attributes of a renewable energy generator and the right to make certain claims about energy purchases. RECs first appeared in US markets in the late 1990s and are particularly important in states that accept or require them as evidence of compliance with renewables portfolio standards (RPS). The emergence of RECs

  19. A renewable perspective for sustainable energy development in Turkey: The case of small hydropower plants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Havva Balat

    2007-01-01

    Renewable energy resources provide a large share of the total energy consumption of many developing countries. Turkey's renewable sources are the second largest source for energy production after coal. About two-thirds of the renewable energy produced is obtained from biomass, while the rest is mainly from hydroelectric energy. Hydropower is today the most important kind of renewable and sustainable energy.

  20. DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2010 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Valerie Hall This report was prepared by the California Energy Commission Renewables Committee as part of Renewable Energy

  1. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    Recovery Act Funds $300M DOE Funding for Hydrogen & Fuel Cells EERE Basic Energy Sciences2 Fossil Energy1 EERE Funding for Hydrogen & Fuel Cells $200M $190 M $153 M $167 M $239 M $206 M $145 M Recovery Act also plans $50M for SECA in FY11. 2 The Office of Science also plans ~$14M for hydrogen production

  2. 77 FR 23224 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  3. 78 FR 78340 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  4. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Efficiency: Buildings

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy efficient buildings. A breakdown of energy consumption by sector is included as well as the major concerns for residential and commercial building energy use. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  5. Simulation of greenhouse energy consumption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Shimizu; S. Moriizumi

    2002-01-01

    The energy cost of greenhouses is a major concern in greenhouse management during winter time. Greenhouse energy consumption per day can be reduced by lowering the greenhouse temperature since energy consumption is approximately a linear function of the difference between inside and outside air temperature of the greenhouse. However, lower greenhouse temperature requires longer growth period. Total energy consumption is

  6. Managing plant energy consumption

    SciTech Connect

    Wunderlich, J.; Brown, A.; Bruzzone, M.

    1984-11-15

    A custom-designed, microprocessor-based monitoring and control system enabled a CAD/CAM equipment manufacturer to reduce energy costs substantially. Preliminary figures indicate that electrical use declined 21 percent, and gas consumption is down about 80 percent, compared with a similar period a year ago when manual controls were used. Calma Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of General Electric, recently automated its twobuilding, 350,000 sq ft Milpitas, CA, complex with a Facility Management System (FMS). The new system provides microprocessorbased monitoring and control over mechanical equipment and electrical systems, gives each employee a tool for automatically regulating his own environment, and lowers life-cycle operating costs by reducing unnecessary energy consumption and equipment maintenance.

  7. Will Renewable Energy Save Our Planet?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boji?, Milorad

    2010-06-01

    This paper discusses some important fundamental issues behind application of renewable energy (RE) to evaluate its impact as a climate change mitigation technology. The discussed issues are the following: definition of renewable energy, concentration of RE by weight and volume, generation of electrical energy and its power at unit area, electrical energy demand per unit area, life time approach vs. layman approach, energy return time, energy return ratio, CO2 return time, energy mix for RES production and use, geographical distribution of RES use, huge scale of energy shift from RES to non-RES, increase in energy consumption, Thermodynamic equilibrium of earth, and probable solutions for energy future of our energy and environmental crisis of today. The future solution (that would enable to human civilization further welfare, and good living, but with lower release of CO2 in atmosphere) may not be only RES. This will rather be an energy mix that may contain nuclear energy, non-nuclear renewable energy, or fossil energy with CO2 sequestration, efficient energy technologies, energy saving, and energy consumption decrease.

  8. Energy consumption: Past, present, future

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The energy consumption history of the United States and the changes which could occur in consumption characteristics in the next 50 years are presented. The various sources of energy are analyzed to show the limitations involved in development and utilization as a function of time available. Several scenarios were prepared to show the consumption and supply of energy under varying conditions.

  9. Langston Hughes Elementary School Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    , published by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE1 Langston Hughes Elementary School Reversed White Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans Lessons

  10. Renewable Energy Certificate Program

    SciTech Connect

    Gwendolyn S. Andersen

    2012-07-17

    This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

  11. State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Lantz; Elizabeth Doris

    2009-01-01

    This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs

  12. A Northern California–British Columbia partnership for renewable energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Orans; S. Price; J. Williams; C. K. Woo; J. Moore

    2007-01-01

    In November 2005, the California Public Utilities Commission issued a report concluding that California can technically and economically achieve by 2020 a renewable energy target of 33% of the state's total electricity consumption. If implemented, this 33% target will substantially increase the state's future demand for renewable energy. In parallel, the British Columbia government has been promoting development of the

  13. The outlook for renewable energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1993-01-01

    Despite the relative inattention in public policy over the last 12 years to energy generally and to renewable energy in particular, major advances have been made on many fronts in the use of renewable energy sources for the production of fuels and electricity. These advances are likely to continue and may accelerate in the future, in response to growing concerns

  14. Renewable Energy Introduction and Models

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Taylor, Roger

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) hosts this presentation from Roger Taylor of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory on renewable energy options including solar, wind, biomass, hydro and geothermal.Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  15. The Effects of Renewable Portfolio Standards on Renewable Energy Sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrienne Ohler

    2007-01-01

    Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) programs have experienced increased popularity at the state level with twenty-three states adopting policies. Policy makers implement these programs in the hopes of stimulating renewable energy generation and lessening the states reliance on nonrenewable sources, by requiring utility companies to provide a specified amount of electricity from renewable sources. I examine the use of renewable energy

  16. Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Priorities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

    Students analyze real-world data for five types of renewable energy, as found on the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. They identify the best and worst locations for production of each form of renewable energy, and then make recommendations for which type that state should pursue.

  17. RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr Gareth P. Harrison

    E-print Network

    Harrison, Gareth

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr Gareth P. Harrison Institute for Energy Systems, School of Engineering & Electronics, University of Edinburgh, UK. ABSTRACT The expansion and commercialisation of renewable energy and deployment of renewable energy technologies can be made based on their environmental, sustainability

  18. The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program

    E-print Network

    The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program develops sustainable energy technologies is committed to expanding energy resource options and to improving efficiency in every element of energy production and use Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program Research Focus Areas Nickel aluminide

  19. Renewable Energy and Emissions Reductions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick J. Kelly

    2005-01-01

    The influence of environmental legislation in many states has become common partners in creating a unique environment for renewable energy to step up to the plate. This environment offers opportunities that lead down many environmental paths and opens up economic conditions for marketplace advancement of renewable energy sources. Since 2000, more than 1100 MW of wind farm (WF) electrical power

  20. Renewable Energy Alternatives in Maryland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welsh, Greg E.; McClellan, Deborah A. S.

    This handbook discusses the renewable energy resources suitable for use in Maryland. It follows a question and answer format with sections about the following alternative renewable energy sources; solar, wind, wood, water, bio-gas/methane, and geothermal. Each section includes a list of recommended readings, appropriate agencies or organizations,…

  1. Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) is a non-profit organization working towards standardization in policies, education, and information regarding sustainable energy. One of their goals is to introduce renewable energy as an energy option in cities across the United States. They fund and support many programs dedicated to this research, accreditation, and training. IREC also publishes newsletters, holds conferences and events for the industry. This website is a mine of information for teachers, students, and renewable energy enthusiasts wanting to learn more.

  2. Renewable energy transportation technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stanley R. Bull

    1996-01-01

    The need for alternative and renewable transportation fuels continues to be high on the nation's agenda. Substituting these fuels for petroleum can reduce dependence on foreign oil imports, improve air quality, and mitigate greenhouse gases. Renewable fuels offer the same advantages as nonrenewable alternative fuels, and, in addition, provide an inexhaustible supply. The largest potential for significant quantities of liquid

  3. 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book

    DOE Data Explorer

    The 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book is 128 pages of data in tables, figures and charts, and text. It provides a look at resources and usage for wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, hydrogen, and biopower. Developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), it was produced by Rachel Gelman, edited by Mike Meshek, and designed by Stacy Buchanan and Erica Augustine and released in October, 2013. Report number for this data book is DOE/GO-102013-4291.

  4. US Electrical Energy Consumption

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of annual electrical consumption by state in gigaWatt-hours (gWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider the carbon dioxide produced as a result of this consumption. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

  5. Developing Government Renewable Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt S. Myers; Thomas L. Baldwin; Jason W. Bush; Jake P. Gentle

    2012-07-01

    The US Army Corps of Engineers has retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a study of past INL experiences and complete a report that identifies the processes that are needed for the development of renewable energy projects on government properties. The INL has always maintained expertise in power systems and applied engineering and INL’s renewable energy experiences date back to the 1980’s when our engineers began performing US Air Force wind energy feasibility studies and development projects. Over the last 20+ years of working with Department of Defense and other government agencies to study, design, and build government renewable projects, INL has experienced the do’s and don’ts for being successful with a project. These compiled guidelines for government renewable energy projects could include wind, hydro, geothermal, solar, biomass, or a variety of hybrid systems; however, for the purpose of narrowing the focus of this report, wind projects are the main topic discussed throughout this report. It is our thought that a lot of what is discussed could be applied, possibly with some modifications, to other areas of renewable energy. It is also important to note that individual projects (regardless the type) vary to some degree depending on location, size, and need but in general these concepts and directions can be carried over to the majority of government renewable energy projects. This report focuses on the initial development that needs to occur for any project to be a successful government renewable energy project.

  6. Renewable energy supplies for developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. W. Twidell

    1978-01-01

    A basic theory of renewable energy supplies is presented and a strategy for the use of renewable energy sources is outlined. Several types of energy flows are schematically diagrammed: (1) natural and steady flow of renewable energy through the biosphere independent of human use, (2) flow of energy use in food for humans, (3) flow of energy from renewable sources

  7. Energy consumption of building 39

    E-print Network

    Hopeman, Lisa Maria

    2007-01-01

    The MIT community has embarked on an initiative to the reduce energy consumption and in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. This thesis seeks to further expand our understanding of how the MIT campus consumes energy and ...

  8. Energy Consumption in Access Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayant Baliga; Robert Ayre; Wayne V. Sorin; Kerry Hinton; Rodney S. Tucker

    2008-01-01

    We present a comparison of energy consumption of access networks. We consider passive optical networks, fiber to the node, point-to-point optical systems and WiMAX. Optical access technologies provide the most energy-efficient solutions.

  9. Apple Macintosh's energy consumption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob R. Lorch; Alan Jay Smith

    1998-01-01

    Much of a portable computer's utility depends on how long it can run off the battery. We measure Apple Macintosh's current power consumption (and how much of that power goes to each system component) using built-in measuring tools

  10. Renewable energy opportunities in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallace, William L.; Simon Tsuo, Y.

    1996-01-01

    Rapid growth in economic development coupled with the absence of an electric grid in large areas of rural China have created a need for new energy sources both in urban centers and the rural countryside. Electric capacity expansion plans call for increased use of coal-fired steam turbines for electricity production that will contribute to increased concerns over environmental pollution. China is rich in renewable energy resources, strategically located in areas of greatest need and economic viability. China is also already one of the world's largest users of renewables, especially hydro, wind, biomass, and solar thermal, and has significant experience with photovoltaics, geothermal and other technologies. The use of renewable energy is being encouraged in expanded programs at the central and provincial government levels, with growing private sector involvement. These conditions create opportunities for U.S. business participation in renewable energy markets in China.

  11. Jobs and Renewable Energy Project

    SciTech Connect

    Sterzinger, George

    2006-12-19

    Early in 2002, REPP developed the Jobs Calculator, a tool that calculates the number of direct jobs resulting from renewable energy development under RPS (Renewable Portfolio Standard) legislation or other programs to accelerate renewable energy development. The calculator is based on a survey of current industry practices to assess the number and type of jobs that will result from the enactment of a RPS. This project built upon and significantly enhanced the initial Jobs Calculator model by (1) expanding the survey to include other renewable technologies (the original model was limited to wind, solar PV and biomass co-firing technologies); (2) more precisely calculating the economic development benefits related to renewable energy development; (3) completing and regularly updating the survey of the commercially active renewable energy firms to determine kinds and number of jobs directly created; and (4) developing and implementing a technology to locate where the economic activity related to each type of renewable technology is likely to occur. REPP worked directly with groups in the State of Nevada to interpret the results and develop policies to capture as much of the economic benefits as possible for the state through technology selection, training program options, and outreach to manufacturing groups.

  12. Energy 5: Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-12-19

    This video distinguishes between renewable and non-renewable energy resources. It examines the question, "How long to do we have before we exhaust non-renewable resources?" It also looks at alternatives to non-renewable energy resources. This video is part of the Sustainability Learning Suites, made possible in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. See 'Learn more about this resource' for Learning Objectives and Activities.

  13. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Introduction and Energy Statistical Data Module

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document includes an overview of energy, details on US and world energy consumption statistics as well as alternative and renewable energy statistics. The material includes useful data and a number of graphical representations of the information. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  14. 77 FR 64112 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-18

    ...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nationwide Categorical Waivers...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), (202)...

  15. 2009 Renewable Energy Data Book, August 2010

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-08-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  16. 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)

    SciTech Connect

    Gelman, R.

    2011-10-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  17. 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gelman

    2011-01-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  18. Mainstreaming New Renewable Energy Technologies

    E-print Network

    Neuhoff, Karsten; Sellers, Rick

    , the subsequent inertia of these established large interest groups meant only the nuclear and coal industries managed to secure significant funding for research and development. Despite the extensive rhetoric on the side of polit icians, the renewable energy... observed in the pharmaceutical industry, with the additional benefit that inappropriate usage of renewable energy technologies does not create negative externalities on other countries (e.g. no devel opment of resistant bacteria, nuclear accidents...

  19. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) promotes its research to "secure an energy future for the nation that is environmentally and economically sustainable." The website summaries the Laboratory's variety of research and technology including photovoltaics, wind, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydrogen and fuel cells. Visitors can find out the latest NREL news and events. Visitors can locate materials about renewable energy and energy efficiency. The Publications Database offers references to a wide range of documents about sustainable energy technologies written or edited by NREL.

  20. Renewable Energy: A Viable Choice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonia V. Herzog; Timothy E. Lipman; Jennifer L. Edwards; Daniel M. Kammen

    2001-01-01

    Renewable energy systems—notably solar, wind, and biomass—are poised to play a major role in the energy economy and in improving the environmental quality of the United States. California's energy crisis focused attention on and raised fundamental questions about regional and national energy strategies. Prior to the crisis in California, there had been too little attention given to appropriate power plant

  1. GreenCharge: Managing Renewable Energy in Smart Buildings

    E-print Network

    Kurose, Jim

    future energy demand and future energy harvesting. We evaluate GreenCharge in simulation using%) that either of society's other broad sectors of energy consumption-- industry (30%) and transportation (29GreenCharge: Managing Renewable Energy in Smart Buildings Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant

  2. 76 FR 7815 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  3. 78 FR 48855 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-12

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  4. 78 FR 69370 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-19

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  5. 76 FR 44576 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-26

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  6. 78 FR 2952 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  7. 77 FR 32531 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-01

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  8. 76 FR 54431 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  9. 75 FR 70214 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  10. 77 FR 6783 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  11. Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies

    E-print Network

    Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies Renewable energy resources are available throughout the United States.The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performs analysis to identify high-potential sites for renewable energy technologies and can help determine those technologies

  12. State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates

    SciTech Connect

    Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

    2009-03-01

    This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs can have a strong deployment impact on emerging renewable energy markets. This report focuses on renewable energy rebate programs, which are being analyzed as part of the State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project. SCEPA is being used to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states.

  13. 76 FR 26695 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...hear briefings on the state of renewable energy finance and to discuss the...

  14. Canada's energy picture: Prospects for renewable and nonrenewable energy sources

    SciTech Connect

    Dixon, R.S.

    1980-12-01

    Canada's historical energy consumption, its current consumption and its likely requirements by the turn of the century are reviewed. It is estimated that up to 50% more energy will be required in the year 2000 than is consumed now. Both non-renewable and renewable energy resources are reviewed in the light of these future energy requirements and the need to substitute alternative energy sources for conventional oil. Most of the increase in energy consumption and the substitution of oil are likely to be met by conventional energy sources, since their reserves are extensive and their technologies well-established. Use of these resources will help Canada to reduce and eventually eliminate its dependency on imported oil and achieve energy selfsufficiency in the future. It will also allow time to carefully assess nonconventional energy sources, the most successful of which could become a significant part of the energy picture in the next century. This use of established energy sources and the gradual development and incorporation of new energy sources will cause minimal disruption to society and will lay the foundation for a future society with its energy options secured.

  15. Renewable Energy: Energy Security and Sustainability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turner, John

    2002-03-01

    Renewable energy offers the possibility of providing a complete, sustainable energy infrastructure without anthropogenic emission of CO2. Large-scale implementation of renewable technologies would eliminate the need to develop and implement sequestration systems, by reducing the use of, and ultimately eliminating fossil based energy production. Renewable energy also offers energy security because indigenous resources are sufficient. The major renewable energy systems include phovoltaics (solar cells), solar thermal (electric and thermal), wind, biomass (plants and trees), hydroelectric, ocean, and geothermal. Given the intermittent nature of solar energy, only those energy systems that are coupled to an energy storage technology will be viable. Among the energy storage technologies are hydrogen, batteries, flywheels, superconductivity, ultracapacitors, pumped hydro, molten salts (for thermal storage), and compressed gas. One of the most versatile energy storage systems and the best energy carrier for transportation is hydrogen. This talk will review some of the basic renewable energy systems, present possible pathways for the implementation of hydrogen into the energy infrastructure and offer research areas that need to be addressed to increase the viability of these renewable energy technologies.

  16. Renewable Energy Opportunity Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Hancock, E.; Mas, C.

    1998-11-13

    Presently, the US EPA is constructing a new complex at Research Triangle Park, North Carolina to consolidate its research operations in the Raleigh-Durham area. The National Computer Center (NCC) is currently in the design process and is planned for construction as partof this complex. Implementation of the new technologies can be planned as part of the normal construction process, and full credit for elimination of the conventional technologies can be taken. Several renewable technologies are specified in the current plans for the buildings. The objective of this study is to identify measures that are likely to be both technically and economically feasible.

  17. Issues in Renewable Energy Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Chacko; Jennings, Philip; Lloyd, Bob

    2008-01-01

    Renewable energy education is evolving rapidly in response to drivers such as oil depletion and global warming. There is a rapidly increasing level of student interest in these topics and a growing demand from industry and government for skilled personnel to develop sustainable energy systems and greenhouse solutions. Several Australian and New…

  18. RP5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. E. Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; P. E. Jamal A. Zughbi

    2002-01-01

    This report is the first quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of July 12, 2002 (project inception) to September 30, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and

  19. Renewable energy in Indian country

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    On June 25--27, 1995, at Mesa Verde National Park in southwestern Colorado, the Center for Resource Management (CRM), organized and sponsored a conference in conjunction with the Navajo Nation, EPA, and Bechtel Group, Inc., to deal with issues associated with developing renewable energy resources on Indian lands. Due to the remoteness of many reservation homes and the cost of traditional power line extensions, a large percentage of the Indian population is today without electricity or other energy services. In addition, while they continue to develop energy resources for export, seeing only minimal gain in their own economies, Indian people are also subject to the health and environmental consequences associated with proximity to traditional energy resource development. Renewable energy technologies, on the other hand, are often ideally suited to decentralized, low-density demand. These technologies--especially solar and wind power--have no adverse health impacts associated with generation, are relatively low cost, and can be used in applications as small as a single home, meeting power needs right at a site. Their minimal impact on the environment make them particularly compatible with American Indian philosophies and lifestyles. Unfortunately, the match between renewable energy and Indian tribes has been hampered by the lack of a comprehensive, coordinated effort to identify renewable energy resources located on Indian lands, to develop practical links between Indian people`s needs and energy producers, and to provide the necessary training for tribal leaders and members to plan, implement, and maintain renewable energy systems. Summaries of the presentations are presented.

  20. The analysis of the renewable energy production sector in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mirjana Golusin; Zdravko Tesic; Aleksandar Ostojic

    2010-01-01

    Producing energy from renewable sources in Serbia is in its initial phase, and therefore this paper points towards the basic assumptions, potentials and institutional framework for the development of this activity in Serbia. Until recently, production and consumption of energy in Serbia was a social category, but the shift towards market economy together with the fact that Serbia has adopted

  1. Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems

    E-print Network

    Cristian, Dumitru

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

  2. Renewable energy from urban landscapes

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Utilizing biomass from urban landscapes could significantly contribute to the nation’s renewable energy needs. In 2007, an experiment was begun to evaluate the biomass potential from a bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon (L.) Pers., lawn in Woodward, OK and to estimate the potential biomas...

  3. Renewable energy sources for desalination

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eftihia Tzen; Richard Morris

    2003-01-01

    Renewable energy sources (RES) coupled to desalination offers a promising prospect for covering the fundamental needs of power and water in remote regions, where connection to the public electrical grid is either not cost effective or not feasible, and where the water scarcity is severe. Stand-alone systems for electricity supply in isolated locations are now proven technologies. Correct matching of

  4. Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Renewable energy provided only three percent of US utility power purchases overall in 1995, and the average purchase price of electricity from non-utilities using renewable energy was 31 percent higher than the average retail price, according the US EIA's latest Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends. The EIA presents additional data on renewable electricity purchases, transmission pricing issues for electricity, wood energy, and wind energy, among other topics, in this 90-page release.

  5. Energy Consumption and Personal Computers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danielle Cole

    \\u000a The annual energy consumed by office and telecommunication equipment in the United States during 2000 was estimated to be\\u000a 97 terrawatt-hours (TWh) per year (1 TWh is equivalent to 1 billion kilowatt-hours), equivalent to approximately 3 percent\\u000a of the U.S.’s energy consumption (Roth et al. 2002). Personal computers (PCs) accounted for approximately 43 percent of the\\u000a energy consumed by office

  6. Energy Consumption ESPRIMO E7935 E80+

    E-print Network

    Ott, Albrecht

    values and the typical Annual Energy Consumption (AEC), we join the proposal from the preparatory studies Annual Energy Consumption for Business Clients and Consumer PC Intel® CoreTM2 Duo E8600 Operational modes consumption: Minimum (ACPI status S5, soft off, wake up power button) 0.5 W Typical Annual Energy Consumption

  7. Environmental Justice in the Renewable Energy Transition

    E-print Network

    Outka, Uma

    2013-01-01

    This article considers environmental justice in the specific context of renewable energy goals. As a key component of sustainable development and a central concern for green economy advocates, renewable energy is uniquely situated on the policy...

  8. Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Experts

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    Students use real-world data to evaluate various renewable energy sources and the feasibility of implementing these sources. Working in small groups, students use data from the Renewable Energy Living Lab to describe and understand the way the world works. The data is obtained through observation and experimentation. Using the living lab gives students and teachers the opportunity to practice analyzing data to solve problems or answer questions, in much the same way that scientists and engineers do every day.

  9. Customer choice and renewable energy

    SciTech Connect

    Schaefer, D.

    1996-12-31

    Opinions on political and social factors affecting the U.S. market for wind power are presented in this paper. The position of and activities taken by U.S. Congressman Dan Schaefer as Chairman of the House Energy and Power Subcommittee are outlined. Background information used as input to subcommittee hearings is summarized. The formation and activities of the House Renewable Energy Caucus are very briefly described.

  10. Environmental aspects of renewable energy sources. [Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Holdren; G. Morris; I. Mintzer

    1980-01-01

    This review surveys the literature treating environmental characteristics of renewable energy sources. The material drawn on includes (a) some well-known energy-environmental data bases and comparative surveys, which, although generally emphasizing nonrenewable sources, touch on renewables as well; (b) the small number of recent reports whose main focus is environmental comparisons of renewable energy sources with each other and with nonrenewables;

  11. Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share

    E-print Network

    Peinke, Joachim

    Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report Prepared for: Beijing International Renewable Energy Conference 2005 Prepared by: The Expert Group on Renewable Energy Convened by The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs December 12, 2005

  12. Model and Control of Renewable Energy Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yelena Chaiko

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a developed method for controlling multi-renewable energy generators. The control system depends basically on three sensors (wind anemometer, solar sensor, and voltage sensor). These sensors represent PLC's analogue inputs. Controlling the output voltage supply can be achieved by an enhanced method of interlocking between the renewable energy generators, depending on those sensors and output contactors. Keywords—Renewable, energy,

  13. National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    E-print Network

    . The original aqueous solution used in the tandem cell contained sulfuric acid. As an alternative electrolyte Innovation for Our Energy Future Sponsorship Format Black Color:Solid Black Vertical Format-A Black Vertical-powered photoelectrochemical (PEC) process, which uses semiconductors immersed in an aqueous electrolyte (solution

  14. Renewable Energy: Hydropower

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    John Pratte

    This lesson introduces students to the use of flowing or falling water (hydropower) to perform work, particularly electric power generation. Topics include the history of hydropower development, the invention of turbines and electric generators, and the history of hydroelectric power development in the United States. There is also discussion of the environmental issues associated with the construction of large dams and flooding large tracts of land, as well as some of the physics involved in the transfer of energy from moving water to a mechanical device such as a turbine. The lesson includes an activity in which students use a model turbine and generator and vary the height from which water flows into them to examine how energy output and efficiency varies.

  15. Energy Consumption in Optical IP Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayant Baliga; Robert Ayre; Kerry Hinton; Wayne V. Sorin; Rodney S. Tucker

    2009-01-01

    As community concerns about global energy consumption grow, the power consumption of the Internet is becoming an issue of increasing importance. In this paper, we present a network-based model of power consumption in optical IP networks and use this model to estimate the energy consumption of the Internet. The model includes the core, metro and edge, access and video distribution

  16. Renewable energy costs, potentials, barriers: Conceptual issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aviel Verbruggen; Manfred Fischedick; William Moomaw; Tony Weir; Alain Nadaï; Lars J. Nilsson; John Nyboer; Jayant Sathaye

    2010-01-01

    Renewable energy can become the major energy supply option in low-carbon energy economies. Disruptive transformations in all energy systems are necessary for tapping widely available renewable energy resources. Organizing the energy transition from non-sustainable to renewable energy is often described as the major challenge of the first half of the 21st century. Technological innovation, the economy (costs and prices) and

  17. Renewable energies in the decentralized energy supply

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Weiss; M. Kesraoui

    2004-01-01

    An energy supply system is proposed based on a combination of renewable energy plants using solar, wind and biomass, supplemented by a traditional diesel generator and supervised by a management unit. This decentralized energy supply system, with high local production contents, is well adapted for regions where it is costly and\\/or practically difficult to supply by the conventional centralized way

  18. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    United States. Dept. of Energy.

    Provided by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site serves as a gateway to energy efficiency and renewable energy information. With over 600 links and access to 80,000 documents, the site is fairly comprehensive. The bulk of the content is accessed via the Technologies section, which is browseable by topic. each topic page offers links to related sites and numerous subtopic pages, which in turn link to numerous full-text articles located off-site. Also included on the main page are more links, some specialized resources (Ask an Expert, Financing, News, etc.), and information on DOE public meetings and renewable energy programs.

  19. Renewable Energy: Wind

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    John Pratte

    This lesson introduces students to the uses of wind energy. Topics include a history of wind usage (grinding grain, pumping water, transportation), including the development of wind power in the United States and its more recent adaptations for producing electricity. There is also discussion of the physics behind the operation of a windmill and what drives the wind patterns in Earth's atmosphere. The lesson includes an activity in which students use online resources to study the relationship between barometric pressure and wind speed and direction. They will collect data on barometric pressure, wind speed, and wind direction for several days, map it, and look for relationships between wind speed and direction and the isobaric lines on the map.

  20. Household vehicles energy consumption 1994

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 reports on the results of the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). The RTECS is a national sample survey that has been conducted every 3 years since 1985. For the 1994 survey, more than 3,000 households that own or use some 6,000 vehicles provided information to describe vehicle stock, vehicle-miles traveled, energy end-use consumption, and energy expenditures for personal vehicles. The survey results represent the characteristics of the 84.9 million households that used or had access to vehicles in 1994 nationwide. (An additional 12 million households neither owned or had access to vehicles during the survey year.) To be included in then RTECS survey, vehicles must be either owned or used by household members on a regular basis for personal transportation, or owned by a company rather than a household, but kept at home, regularly available for the use of household members. Most vehicles included in the RTECS are classified as {open_quotes}light-duty vehicles{close_quotes} (weighing less than 8,500 pounds). However, the RTECS also includes a very small number of {open_quotes}other{close_quotes} vehicles, such as motor homes and larger trucks that are available for personal use.

  1. Improving communication energy efficiency in wireless networks powered by Renewable energy sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fan Zhang; Samuel T. Chanson

    2005-01-01

    Energy efficiency is an important issue in wireless networks where the nodes are powered by batteries. In this work, we analyze the energy consumption in one-transmitter-multiple-receiver communication and develop scheduling schemes to improve energy efficiency at the transmitter. Our focus is on systems powered by a renewable energy source such as solar power. We consider an environment where both energy

  2. DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT OF CONTENTS APPENDIX A: Renewables Portfolio Standard Program Table A-1. IOU RPS Contract Activity in FY-11 APPENDIX E: Consumer Education Program WREGIS Contract Support

  3. Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption

    E-print Network

    Niemeyer, E.

    2014-01-01

    , LA. May 20-23, 2014 A presentation of the paper “Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption” by Bruce Murray and Allison Myers ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans...

  4. Renewable energy - Target for 2050

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rowe, W. D.

    1982-02-01

    The possibilities of various renewable energy technologies to supply a projected world demand for 40,000 GW years of energy each year by the year 2050 are examined. Noting that industrial processes consume 50% of all energy needs, fossil fuel reserves are shown to be sufficient for a maximum of 370 yr in the U.S., when all supplies become depleted. Breeder reactors have a doubling time which is 30 yr too long for meeting more than 0.5% of world energy demand in 2050, while fusion, even considering ocean-derived deuterium as a fuel source, will not be supplying energy for another 35-70 yr. Among the solar technologies, the installation of ten million 100 m tall 4 MW wind generators is feasible to meet all the projected energy needs, and solar cells with 10% conversion efficiency could do the same with 14 times less land. Further discussion is given to geothermal, fuel cell, and OTEC technologies, as well as the forty trillion dollars necessary to erect the fully renewable systems.

  5. Reviews of renewable energy resources

    SciTech Connect

    Sodha, M.S.; Malik, M.A.S.; Mathur, S.S.

    1983-01-01

    The aim of this new series is to provide authoritative reviews in the expanding field of renewable energy resources. It is written at a level intermediate between general books and original research papers. Volume 1 consists of 5 articles reflecting work done at the Centre of Energy Studies of the Indian Institute of Technology (I.I.T.) and cooperating institutions. Contents: Plastic solar collectors. Solar collector-cum-storage systems. Thermal modelling of solar hot water systems. Solar absorption refrigeration and space conditioning: thermal modelling of aqua-ammonia cycle. Solar distillation.

  6. Renewable energy resources in energy management systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Goutard

    2010-01-01

    In response to the ever increasing amount of Renewable Energy Resources production integrated in Power Systems, Energy Management Systems (EMS) used for decades in control centers to manage power flows need to adapt. This paper aims at providing detailed understanding of impacts on “standard” EMS functions of these new sources of productions. This paper will first highlight the characteristics of

  7. Appraising renewable energy developments in remote communities: the case of the North Assynt Estate, Scotland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick Hanley; Ceara Nevin

    1999-01-01

    Renewable sources of energy currently supply just 1% of energy consumption in the United Kingdom (ENDS, 1998. The Ends Report No. 277, Environmental Data Services Ltd, pp. 43, 44). In this paper two economic appraisal techniques are applied with the aim of evaluating three renewable energy options: a three-turbine wind farm, a small-scale hydro scheme and biomass development — for

  8. State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

  9. RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT

    SciTech Connect

    Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

    2003-01-30

    This is the second quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of October 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and discussions that were conducted in order to follow up on potential renewable energy technologies that were identified in the previous report; the technologies were analyzed for their feasibility, suitability and cost effectiveness for this project. This report covers the one-day conceptual design kickoff meeting that took place on November 4, 2002. The meeting was held to discuss the practicality and implementation of potential innovative technologies. Following the kickoff meeting, Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) and CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, held a meeting on December 2, 2002 to discuss the Conceptual Design Report outline and contents in order to clearly present each selected technology along with its evaluation, cost effectiveness and justification. A conference call also took place between the PIER Consultant and IEUA on December 13, 2002, to discuss the overall scope of work for this project. Major project activities in this period include expanded discussions on previous Energy Charrette decisions and recommendations, conceptual design kickoff meeting, conceptual design report, and deciding on the overall project scope of work.

  10. Renewable energy scenario of Bangladesh: Physical perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Z. Baten; E. M. Amin; A. Sharin; R. Islam; S. A. Chowdhury

    2009-01-01

    The looming energy crisis, heightened by the continuing depletion of fossil fuels, accentuates the need for deployment of renewable energy resources in Bangladesh, now more than ever before. Though hydrocarbon resources in the country are limited, the substantial availability of renewable energy sources in the form of solar, biomass, hydropower and wind energy offers opportunities of sustainable energy based development.

  11. Does trade liberalization effect energy consumption?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gairuzazmi M. Ghani

    2012-01-01

    The effect of trade liberalization on the environment can be directly linked to energy consumption, because energy consumption and production are the underlying cause of most pollutants that harm the environment. The descriptive statistics show that average annual growth of energy consumption per capita after trade liberalization varies among countries; hence it is a possibility that the effect of trade

  12. Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable

    E-print Network

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Communication Devices Pavel Somavat1 consumption, questions are being asked about the energy contribution of computing equipment. Al- though studies have documented the share of energy consumption by this type of equipment over the years, research

  13. Low energy consumption hydraulic techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greene, J. B.; Jeffrey, J. R.; Lohe, S. N.; Pehowski, S. E.; Pierce, N. J.

    1988-08-01

    This report documents the efforts to develop and test low energy consumption hydraulic techniques. Included is a discussion of the efforts to select and analyze a baseline hydraulic system (Phase 1) and conduct trade studies on various candidate design approaches which could reduce weight and power consumption (Phase 2). In addition, the report discusses the development of a test plan (Phase 3) and the results of an endurance test (Phase 4). This program was directed at 8000 psi hydraulic system technology using a nonflammable hydraulic fluid chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) although the concepts developed could be applied to any fluid at any system pressure. The concepts selected for test were variable system pressure, flow augmentation with load recovery valves and overlapped main valves.

  14. World Renewable Energy Congress 2011 Sweden Climate Change Issues (CC) 8-11 May 2011, Linkping, Sweden

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    World Renewable Energy Congress 2011 ­ Sweden Climate Change Issues (CC) 8-11 May 2011, Linköping (expressed in CO2 equivalent) and non-renewable energy consumption are considered here as key LCA outputs. hal-00668172,version1-9Feb2012 Author manuscript, published in "World Renewable Energy Congress

  15. Tribal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-09-01

    This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

  16. Renewable energy annual 1998, with data for 1997

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    This is the fourth annual report published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) which presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data; US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing activities; and US geothermal heat pump manufacturing activities. It updates and provides more detail on renewable energy information than what`s published in the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Annual Energy Review 1997. The renewable energy resources included in the report are: biomass (wood, wood waste, municipal solid waste, ethanol, and biodiesel); geothermal; wind; solar (solar thermal and photovoltaic); and hydropower. However, hydropower is also regarded as a conventional energy source because it has furnished a significant amount of electricity for more than a century. Therefore, the contribution of hydropower to total renewable energy consumption is discussed, although hydropower as an individual energy source is not addressed. Since EIA collects data only on terrestrial (land-based) systems, satellite and military applications are not included in this report. 13 figs., 44 tabs.

  17. Renewable Energy Projects for the Classroom

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This 72 page pdf from Illinois Valley Community College contains a variety of activities related to renewable energy. They were "developed by middle school through community college teachers enrolled in a course entitled Introduction to Renewable Energy Topics for Teachers." Activity levels range from middle school to community college and include Introduction to Renewable Energy, Alternative Fuel Lesson: Driver Education, and Sustainable Energy Planning.  

  18. Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS

    SciTech Connect

    Nathan Lewis

    2010-02-26

    This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The 'grand challenge' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source. Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.

  19. Renewable Energy Opportunities for the Army

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy E. Solana; Jennifer C. States; William D. Chvala; Mark R. Weimar; Douglas R. Dixon

    2008-01-01

    The Department of Defense (DoD) has a goal of obtaining 25% of its domestic electricity from renewable sources by 2025, and also must meet federal renewable energy mandates and schedules. This report describes the analyses undertaken to study the renewable resource potential at 15 Army sites, focusing on grid-connected generation of electricity. The resources analyzed at each site include solar,

  20. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    DOEpatents

    Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

    2008-09-02

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  1. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    DOEpatents

    Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

    2006-03-07

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  2. Track 2: Sustainable Energy I. Renewable Energy: Wind and Wave

    E-print Network

    1 Track 2: Sustainable Energy I. Renewable Energy: Wind and Wave II. Renewable Energy: Solar III. Biomass: Waste to Fuel IV. Biomass Energy Recovery Optimization 1. Renewable Energy Wind & Wave: Speakers, operates in shallow water, has no visual impact, and does not threaten wildlife.!!!! Wave Energy Proving

  3. Renewable electricity standards, energy efficiency, and cost-effective climate-change policy

    SciTech Connect

    Lenard, Thomas M.

    2009-10-15

    It is important to define an energy efficiency standard carefully. If energy efficiency is defined relative to a baseline level of consumption, it is critical that the baseline be permitted to grow at an appropriate rate over time. Otherwise, the requirements to use renewable generation will be less flexible than under a pure renewable electricity requirement. (author)

  4. Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption 

    E-print Network

    Niemeyer, E.

    2014-01-01

    Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption Eric Niemeyer, Operations Superintendent Drilling Specialties Company A division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity..., LA. May 20-23, 2014 Conroe, TX Facility ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Drilling Specialties DSCo is a division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP (CPChem...

  5. DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2010 ANNUAL REPORT Contracts Executed in FY 2009-2010 .................................................................A-1 ............................................ E-26 APPENDIX F: Consumer Education Program WREGIS Contract Support

  6. Electricity for Millions: Developing Renewable Energy in China (Revised)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2006-04-01

    This two page fact sheet describes NREL's work developing renewable energy in China. Renewable focus areas include rural energy development, wind energy development, geothermal energy development, renewable energy business development and policy and planning.

  7. Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-10-05

    This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

  8. Exergy analysis of renewable energy sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Koroneos; Thomas Spachos; Nikolaos Moussiopoulos

    2003-01-01

    Oil crises in the past years made more obvious the dependency of economies on fossil fuels. As a consequence, the need for new energy sources became more urgent. Renewable energy sources could provide a solution to the problem, as they are inexhaustible and have less adverse impacts on the environment than fossil fuels. Yet, renewable energy sources technology has not

  9. Meeting international needs for renewable energy resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1981-01-01

    Dr. Christensen reviews briefly the state of the art of renewable energy resource technology, pointing out that American manufacturers are producing a large variety of components and systems and providing numerous technical services to help ensure that renewable energy resources help to meet an increasng share of US and international energy needs. He notes the US has undertaken one of

  10. Renewable Energy Living Lab: Power Your School

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

    Students use real-world data to calculate the potential for solar and wind energy generation at their school location. After examining maps and analyzing data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab, they write recommendations as to the optimal form of renewable energy the school should pursue.

  11. 75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has experienced...

  12. Renewable Energy Program Overview (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-07-01

    Fact sheet describing how the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides Federal agencies with information, guidance, and assistance in using renewable energy.

  13. Integrated Renewable Energy and Campus Sustainability Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Uthoff, Jay; Jensen, Jon; Bailey, Andrew

    2013-09-25

    Renewable energy, energy conservation, and other sustainability initiatives have long been a central focus of Luther College. The DOE funded Integrated Renewable Energy and Campus Sustainability Initiative project has helped accelerate the College’s progress toward carbon neutrality. DOE funds, in conjunction with institutional matching funds, were used to fund energy conservation projects, a renewable energy project, and an energy and waste education program aimed at all campus constituents. The energy and waste education program provides Luther students with ideas about sustainability and conservation guidelines that they carry with them into their future communities.

  14. Energy consumption modeling and optimization for SRAM's

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J. Evans; Paul D. Franzon

    1995-01-01

    The recent trends in portable computing technologies have established the need for energy efficient design strategies. To achieve minimum energy design goals, system designers need a technique to accurately model the energy consumption of their design alternatives without performing a full physical design and full-circuit simulation. This paper presents and compares five approaches for modeling the energy consumption of CMOS

  15. Actes JFPC 2012 Optimal Allocation of Renewable Energy Parks

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Actes JFPC 2012 Optimal Allocation of Renewable Energy Parks: A Two-stage Optimization Model-economical study of renewable energy on the other hand, investigates gradual implantation of Renewable Energy (RE, and reliability of renewable energy sys- tems [2]. Clearly electricity from renewable energy re- mains generally

  16. International Cooperation for Renewable Energy Transfer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. H. Wolfe

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports that in considering the potential of major renewable energy resources in relation to their remoteness from demand centers, it is necessary to take a global view of the implications of their utilization. The present concerns regarding global warming and environmental degradation from fossil fuel combustion could be given active direction if the positive benefits of renewable energy

  17. Renewable energy 1998: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report presents the following five papers: Renewable electricity purchases: History and recent developments; Transmission pricing issues for electricity generation from renewable resources; Analysis of geothermal heat pump manufacturers survey data; A view of the forest products industry from a wood energy perspective; and Wind energy developments: Incentives in selected countries. A glossary is included. 19 figs., 27 tabs.

  18. Renewable energy in Hawaii-lessons learned

    SciTech Connect

    Hubbard, H.M.; Totto, L.; Harvison, D. [Pacific International Center for High Technology Research, Honolulu, HI (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Hawaii`s extensive renewable resources and limited access to conventional fuels has created a natural environment for the development and implementation of renewable energy processes. Hawaii has invested in municipal waste-to-energy incineration, hydropower, wind energy, solar photovoltaic (PV), small-scale solar, geothermal, and innovative hybrid wind/diesel and wind/pumped hydro systems. While regarded as a leader in the field of renewable energy, Hawaii`s approach has generally focused on research and development rather on implementation and commercialization. Despite being a front-runner in the use of renewable energy resources, Hawaii`s dependence on petroleum continues to be among the highest in the United States. The introduction of coal-fired electricity generation has helped to diversify the energy base and decrease the share of oil. But, coal`s low fuel costs may also impact negatively on the prospects for renewable energy. The combination of the impending decline of sugarcane and the growing concerns for energy and environmental security is changing Hawaii`s energy landscape. While a number of traditional options may be phased out over the next few years, the emergence of new prospects holds considerable promise for an expanded role for renewable energy in the future. This is the first of a two-part series that examines lessons learned from Hawaii`s renewable energy experience with an aim towards developing more focused and effective plans for the future. In this first part, Hawaii`s geography and economy are described, followed by a discussion of the energy supply and demand structures, and the role of key institutions within the energy community. In addition, an overview of Hawaii`s renewable energy resources and the critical challenges facing the advancement of renewable energy technologies and conventional energy systems are presented. 40 refs., 13 figs., 21 tabs.

  19. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Chvala, William D.; Warwick, William M.; Dixon, Douglas R.; Solana, Amy E.; Weimar, Mark R.; States, Jennifer C.; Reilly, Raymond W.

    2008-06-30

    The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Hood based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewables Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

  20. Energy consumption metrics of MIT buildings

    E-print Network

    Schmidt, Justin David

    2010-01-01

    With world energy demand on the rise and greenhouse gas levels breaking new records each year, lowering energy consumption and improving energy efficiency has become vital. MIT, in a mission to help improve the global ...

  1. Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Bushe, S.

    2013-09-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (IREEED) developed in collaboration by the United States Department of Energy and India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. IREEED provides succinct summaries of India's central and state government policies and incentives related to renewable energy and energy efficiency. The online, public database was developed under the U.S.- India Energy Dialogue and the Clean Energy Solution Center.

  2. State energy data report 1993: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  3. 77 FR 53233 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-31

    ...Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...related services, and a second on renewable energy and related services, and...

  4. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive. Ellis February 28, 2008 #12;February 28, 2008 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology

  5. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive;January 16, 2007 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research

  6. Creative renewable energy purchasing options for businesses

    SciTech Connect

    Lokey, Elizabeth

    2007-01-15

    Green energy providers are creating novel ways for large commercial clients to get involved in the long-term development of renewable energy generation. Some plans are designed to allow the purchase of energy to provide long-term off-take stability and other financial benefits to companies developing renewable energy projects. Two new insurance products could help absorb some of the financial risk taken on by the clients. (author)

  7. Sustainable data centers powered by renewable energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Levente J. Klein; Sergio Bermudez; Hans-Dieter Wehle; Stephan Barabasi; Hendrik F. Hamann

    2012-01-01

    The energy consumption of data centers (DCs) has dramatically increased in recent years, primarily due to the massive computing demands driven by communications, banking, online retail, and entertainment services. In today's data centers, the cooling and infrastructure operations require almost the same energy as the IT operations. The large energy consumption in data centers prompted government agencies, industries, professional organizations,

  8. Financing renewable energy: Obstacles and solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.H.

    1994-06-01

    The majority of renewable energy technology projects now being developed use long term project financing to raise capital. The financial community scrutinizes renewables more closely than some conventionally fueled electric generation facilities because it perceives renewables as risky and expensive. Renewables pay for this perceived risk through higher interest charges and other more restrictive loan covenants. Risks that are not eliminated in the power sales agreement or through some other means generally result in higher project costs during financing. In part, this situation is a product of the private placement market and project finance process in which renewable energy facilities must function. The project finance process attracts banks and institutional lenders as well as equity investors (often pension funds) who do not want to place their capital at great risk. Energy project finance exists on the basis of a secure revenue stream and a thorough understanding of electric generation technology. Renewables, like all energy projects, operating in uncertain regulatory environments are often difficult to finance. In the uncertain regulatory environment in which renewables now operate, investors and lenders are nervous about challenges to existing contracts between independent power producers and utilities. Challenges to existing contracts could foretell challenges to contracts in the future. Investors and lenders now look to state regulatory environments as an indicator of project risk. Renewable energy technology evolves quickly. Yet, often the information about technological evolution is not available to those who invest in the energy projects. Or, those who have invested in new renewable energy technology in the past have lost money and are nervous about doing so in the future - even though technology may have improved. Inadequate or unfavorable information is a barrier to the development of renewables.

  9. Global renewable energy-based electricity generation and smart grid system for energy security.

    PubMed

    Islam, M A; Hasanuzzaman, M; Rahim, N A; Nahar, A; Hosenuzzaman, M

    2014-01-01

    Energy is an indispensable factor for the economic growth and development of a country. Energy consumption is rapidly increasing worldwide. To fulfill this energy demand, alternative energy sources and efficient utilization are being explored. Various sources of renewable energy and their efficient utilization are comprehensively reviewed and presented in this paper. Also the trend in research and development for the technological advancement of energy utilization and smart grid system for future energy security is presented. Results show that renewable energy resources are becoming more prevalent as more electricity generation becomes necessary and could provide half of the total energy demands by 2050. To satisfy the future energy demand, the smart grid system can be used as an efficient system for energy security. The smart grid also delivers significant environmental benefits by conservation and renewable generation integration. PMID:25243201

  10. State energy data report 1994: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    This document provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), operated by EIA. SEDS provides State energy consumption estimates to members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and provides the historical series needed for EIA`s energy models. Division is made for each energy type and end use sector. Nuclear electric power is included.

  11. 77 FR 60380 - Renewable Energy Policy Business Roundtable in Japan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ...COMMERCE International Trade Administration Renewable Energy Policy Business Roundtable...AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department...Commerce's International Trade Administration will...a Renewable Energy Policy Business...

  12. Energy consumption and economic activities in Iran

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehrzad Zamani

    2007-01-01

    The causal relationship between overall GDP, industrial and agricultural value added and consumption of different kinds of energy are investigated using vector error correction model for the case of Iran within 1967–2003. A long-run unidirectional relationship from GDP to total energy and bidirectional relationship between GDP and gas as well as GDP and petroleum products consumption for the whole economy

  13. State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

  14. UK Renewable Energy Policy Since Privatisation

    E-print Network

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EP RG W OR KI NG P AP ER Abstract UK Renewable Energy Policy since Privatisation EPRG Working Paper 1002 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1007 Michael G. Pollitt The aim of this paper is to look... at the UK’s renewable energy policy in the context of its overall decarbonisation and energy policies. This will allow us to explore the precise nature of the ‘failure’ of UK renewables policy and to suggest policy changes which might be appropriate...

  15. Renewable energy for sustainable agriculture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Chel; G. Kaushik

    2011-01-01

    Agriculture is the sole provider of human food. Most farm machines are driven by fossil fuels, which contribute to greenhouse\\u000a gas emissions and, in turn, accelerate climate change. Such environmental damage can be mitigated by the promotion of renewable\\u000a resources such as solar, wind, biomass, tidal, geo-thermal, small-scale hydro, biofuels and wave-generated power. These renewable\\u000a resources have a huge potential

  16. National Renewable Energy Laboratory: New Pubs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    The US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory offers a New Publications page that contains five recently published reports freely available to view or download. The documents include: NREL Institutional Plan, 2001-2005; Photovoltaic Energy Program Overview, Fiscal Year 2000; Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future: Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean-Energy Technologies; Renewable Energy for Rural Schools; and Alternative Fuel Transit Buses: DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Final Results. The main page contains descriptions of each publication and the link to view each complete Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file.

  17. Approaches to Sustainable Energy Consumption Patterns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Damjan Krajnc; Rebeka Lukman; Peter Glavic

    Unsustainable consumption mostly refers to energy resources and materials’ utilization, fostered by human activity. Therefore,\\u000a energy consumption represents a major challenge when approaching sustainable development issues. Despite many environmental\\u000a strategies relying on improvements in energy and material efficiency, the World’s energy demand is likely to increase in line\\u000a with its population. In addition, cultural patterns of human activities are closely

  18. Summary of the California Energy Commission's Renewables Portfolio

    E-print Network

    Summary of the California Energy Commission's Renewables Portfolio Standard Contractor Reports, and the Status of Renewables Portfolio Standard Contracting and Regulation Prepared For: California Energy Commission on California's Renewables Portfolio Standard: Preliminary Stakeholder Evaluation

  19. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Quality Profile

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a periodic national survey that provides timely information about energy consumption and expenditures of U.S. households and about energy-related characteristics of housing units. The survey was first conducted in 1978 as the National Interim Energy Consumption Survey (NIECS), and the 1979 survey was called the Household Screener Survey. From 1980 through 1982 RECS was conducted annually. The next RECS was fielded in 1984, and since then, the survey has been undertaken at 3-year intervals. The most recent RECS was conducted in 1993.

  20. Selecting Sites for Renewable Energy Projects

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Glenn A. Richard

    In this activity, students use Google Earth to investigate a variety of renewable energy sources and select sites within the United States that would be appropriate for projects based on those sources.

  1. Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water 

    E-print Network

    Mecke, Michael; Enciso, Juan

    2007-06-08

    Solar and wind power can be economical and environmentally friendly ways to pump water for homes, irrigation and/or livestock water wells. This publication explains how these pumps work, the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable energy...

  2. Three Affliated Tribes Renewable Energy Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect

    Belvin Pete; Kent Good; Krista Gordon; Ed McCarthy,

    2006-05-26

    The Three Affliated Tribes on the Fort Berthold Reservation studied the feasibility of a commercial wind facility on land selected and owned by the Tribes and examined the potential for the development of renewable energy resources on Tribal Lands.

  3. Hybrid renewable energy system development in Thailand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Kruangpradit; W. Tayati

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes PEA's programme on design, implementation and evaluation of pilot hybrid renewable energy systems for electrification of remote villages in Thailand. It is proposed that three hybrid energy systems namely, PV\\/Microhydro\\/Diesel\\/Battery, PV\\/Diesel\\/Battery and PV batteryless grid connected power stations be installed to demonstrate and evaluate advanced renewable technologies. Methodologies used in systems design, descriptions and operations of the

  4. An Economic Evaluation Framework for Assessing Renewable Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect

    Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Badiru, Adedeji B [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    It is becoming increasingly imperative to integrate renewable energy, such as solar and wind, into electricity generation due to increased regulations on air and water pollution and a sociopolitical desire to develop more clean energy sources. This increased spotlight on renewable energy requires evaluating competing projects using either conventional economic analysis techniques or other economics-based models and approaches in order to select a subset of the projects to be funded. Even then, there are reasons to suspect that techniques applied to renewable energy projects may result in decisions that will reject viable projects due to the use of a limited number of quantifiable and tangible attributes about the projects. This paper presents a framework for economic evaluation of renewable energy projects. The framework is based on a systems approach in which the processes within the entire network of the system, from generation to consumption, are accounted for. Furthermore, the framework uses the concept of fuzzy system to calculate the value of information under conditions of uncertainty.

  5. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis

    EIA Publications

    2015-01-01

    The residential sector is one of the main end-use sectors in Canada accounting for 16.7% of total end-use site energy consumption in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012. pp, 4-5). In this year, the residential sector accounted for 54.5% of buildings total site energy consumption. Between 1990 and 2009, Canadian household energy consumption grew by less than 11%. Nonetheless, households contributed to 14.6% of total energy-related greenhouse gas emissions in Canada in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012). This is the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s second study to help provide a better understanding of the factors impacting residential energy consumption and intensity in North America (mainly the United States and Canada) by using similar methodology for analyses in both countries.

  6. Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-05-06

    This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

  7. 75 FR 69655 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-15

    ...OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) AGENCY: Department...Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open...

  8. 76 FR 6605 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ...OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) AGENCY: Department...Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open...

  9. Evaluation of tools for renewable energy policy analysis: The renewable energy penetration model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Engle

    1994-01-01

    The Energy Policy Act of 1992 establishes a program to support development of renewable energy technologies including a production incentive to public power utilities. Because there is a wide range of possible policy actions that could be taken to increase electric market share for renewables, modeling tools are needed to help make informed decisions regarding future policy. Previous energy modeling

  10. Think GREEN - Utilizing Renewable Solar Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Solar energy is radiant energy that is produced by the Sun. Every day the Sun radiates an enormous amount of energy. How much solar energy a place on Earth receives depends on several conditions. In this lesson, students will explore real NASA satellite data for energy from the Sun and cloud cover for their area to determine if they can harness this solar energy, a renewable energy source, by using a solar collector. They will develop skills in graphing and reading graphs.

  11. Future U.S. water consumption : The role of energy production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Elcock

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates how meeting domestic energy production targets for both fossil and renewable fuels may affect future water demand. It combines projections of energy production developed by the U.S. Department of Energy with estimates of water consumption on a per-unit basis (water-consumption coefficients) for coal, oil, gas, and biofuels production, to estimate and compare the domestic freshwater consumed. Although

  12. Challenges and opportunities in renewable energy and energy efficiency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Hammond

    2011-01-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado is the nation's premier laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research. In this talk we will give a brief overview of NREL and then focus on some of the challenges and opportunities in meeting future global energy challenges. Computational modeling, high performance computing, data management and visual informatics is playing

  13. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Polk, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect

    Solana, Amy E.; Boyd, Brian K.; Horner, Jacob A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Orrell, Alice C.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

    2010-11-17

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Polk, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Polk took place on February 16, 2010.

  14. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Sill, Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect

    Boyd, Brian K.; Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

    2011-03-31

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Sill, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Sill took place on June 10, 2010.

  15. Financing renewable energy for Village Power application

    SciTech Connect

    Santibanez-Yeneza, G.

    1997-12-01

    When one talks of rural development, no doubt, the issue of rural energy is not far behind. As a significant component of any development strategy, rural energy is seen as the engine for growth that can bring about economic upliftment in the countryside. Many approaches to rural energy development have been tried. These approaches differ from country to country. But regardless of structure and approach, the goal remain essentially the same: to provide rural communities access to reliable energy services at affordable prices. In recent years, as global concern for the environment has increased, many governments have turned to renewable energy as a more environment friendly alternative to rural electrification. Technological advances in renewable energy application has helped to encourage this use. System reliability has improved, development costs have, to some extent been brought down and varied application approaches have been tried and tested in many areas. Indeed, there is huge potential for the development of renewable energy in the rural areas of most developing countries. At the rural level, renewable energy resources are almost always abundantly available: woodwaste, agricultural residues, animal waste, small-scale hydro, wind, solar and even sometimes geothermal resources. Since smaller scale systems are usually expected in these areas, renewable energy technologies can very well serve as decentralized energy systems for rural application. And not only for rural applications, new expansion planning paradigms have likewise led to the emergence of decentralized energy systems not only as supply options but also as corrective measures for maintaining end of line voltage levels. On the other hand, where renewable energy resource can provide significant blocks of power, they can be relied upon to provide indigenous power to the grids.

  16. State energy data report 1995 - consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  17. Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Course Model

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on renewable energy sources including solar energy, wind power, hydropower, fuel cells, biomass, and alternative transportation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  18. Career Directions--Renewable Energy Systems Integrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleeman, Stephen R.

    2012-01-01

    Renewable energy systems are beginning to appear everywhere. Solar modules are creating "blue roofs" that convert the energy from the sun into household electricity. Solar thermal systems on roofs can generate hot water. Wind turbines catch breezes to provide even more electricity. Recommendations for saving energy, specifying systems for…

  19. Revitalize Electrical Program with Renewable Energy Focus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karns, Robert J.

    2012-01-01

    Starting a renewable energy technology (RET) program can be as simple as shifting the teaching and learning focus of a traditional electricity program toward energy production and energy control systems. Redirecting curriculum content and delivery to address photovoltaic solar (PV solar) technology and small wind generation systems is a natural…

  20. LRBOI Tribal Renewable Energy-Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Hawley, David A.

    2013-12-17

    In 2011, a DOE Tribal energy Program first Steps Human Capacity was awarded to the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI). The main purpose of the grant was to increase human capacity of LRBOI, to understand the components of renewable energy and the importance of energy efficiency. This report summarizes the activities, the outcomes, and the lessons learned during this grant.

  1. Module 5: Introduction to Renewable Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Eastern Iowa Community College provides this learning module to teach students about renewable energy on farms, energy storage and distribution, PURPA legislation, and a number of other topics related to agricultural energy. Users can download a zip file in which they will find a syllabus, student handouts, a quiz, and 55 slide PowerPoint presentation.

  2. Renewable Energy Potentials in Saudi Arabia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. A. M. Said; I. M. El-Amin; A. M. Al-Shehri

    This paper addresses the current status and the future potentials of renewable energy applications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The power in the earth's wind and in the solar radiation, which reaches the earth, is sufficient to make significant as well as strategic contributions to the Kingdom energy supply. Applications of solar energy in Saudi Arabia have been growing

  3. TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION FOR MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Quantities of all forms of energy consumed for collection and treatment of municipal wastewater are estimated. Heat energy is equated to electrical energy by a conversion factor of 10,500 Btu/kwh. Total energy consumption, expressed as kwh/mg of wastewater treated, ranges from 23...

  4. Annual energy consumption prediction using particle filters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Osamah A. Alsayegh

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a framework for predicting the monthly-annual electric energy consumption (EC) using practical filters, sequential Monte Carlo methods. The particle filtering technique is utilized to describe and track the EC \\

  5. GIS-based energy consumption mapping 

    E-print Network

    Balta, Chrysi

    2014-11-27

    This project aims to provide a methodology to map energy consumption of the housing stock at a city level and visualise and evaluate different retrofitting scenarios. It is based on an engineering, bottom-up approach. It makes use...

  6. 76 FR 80355 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open teleconference...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

  7. 76 FR 54224 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open meeting...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

  8. 78 FR 29749 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection Extension

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE- 2G), U.S....

  9. Tunisia Renewable Energy Project systems description report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scudder, L. R.; Martz, J. E.; Ratajczak, A. F.

    1986-01-01

    In 1979, the Agency for International Development (AID) initiated a renewable energy project with the Government of Tunisia to develop an institutional capability to plan and institute renewable energy technologies in a rural area. The specific objective of the district energy applications subproject was to demonstrate solar and wind energy systems in a rural village setting. The NASA Lewis Research Center was asked by the AID Near East Bureau to manage and implement this subproject. This report describes the project and gives detailed desciptions of the various systems.

  10. Renewable Energy Living Lab: The Bright Idea

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

    Students use real-world data to evaluate the feasibility of solar energy and other renewable energy sources in different U.S. locations. Working in small groups, students act as engineers evaluating the suitability of installing solar panels at four company locations. They access data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab from which they make calculations and analyze how successful solar energy generation would be, as well as the potential for other power sources at those locations. Then they summarize their results, analysis and recommendations in the form of feasibility plans prepared for a CEO.

  11. Energy consumption and conservation in food retailing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. A. Tassou; Y. Ge; A. Hadawey; D. Marriott

    2011-01-01

    The total annual CO2 emissions associated with the energy consumption of the major retail food outlets in the UK amount to around 4.0 MtCO2. The energy consumption and emissions from supermarkets varies widely and can depend on many factors such as the type and size of the store, business and merchandising practices and refrigeration and environmental control systems used. This

  12. The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology

    E-print Network

    Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

    would seem to be ideal for Thai- land since Thailand is located near the equator and has high levels of sunshine year-round. Bangkok?s monthly average daily radiation on a horizontal surface varies little from January to December (ranging from 16... The paper reports on the results of research to reduce energy consumption in residential buildings in a hot and humid climate region (Thailand) using efficient architectural building components, energy efficient building systems, and renewable energy...

  13. PUEBLO OF ZIA RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT FEASIBILITY STUDY

    SciTech Connect

    Pino, Peter M. [Tribal Administrator (Ret.), Pueblo of Zia; Lakshman, Jai [Project Manager (NDA) for Pueblo of Zia; Toole, G. Loren [Principal Investigator, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Energy Analysis Team/ CCS-3, D-4; Hand, Dan [P.E., Sustainable Enginerring; Witcher, James; Emerson, Michael A. [Senior V.P., ARES Corporation; Turner, Jeremy [Executive Director, NM Renewable Energy Transmission Authority; Sandidge, Wendy [Director of Operations, NM Community Capital

    2014-06-30

    The Pueblo of Zia will conduct a comprehensive feasibility study for best-use application(s) for development of renewable energy resources on its tribally held TRUST lands (i.e., Trust Lands of Zia Indian Reservation). The feasibility study is essential for determining the technical and economic viability of a future renewable project(s) on Zia tribal lands, including the potential economic and environmental benefits for the Tribe. Project Objectives: The feasibility study is essential for determining the technical and economic viability of future renewable project(s) on Zia tribal lands, including the potential economic and environmental benefits for the Tribe to: 1. Provide a balanced local renewable power supply for Zia Pueblo, its members, tribal offices, schools and buildings, and businesses on tribal lands 2. Provide a firm power supply for export and commercial market distribution 3. Provide economic development for the Tribe and its members, including job training and creation, each in accordance with the goals and objectives as conveyed by the Pueblo of Zia Tribal Council, Tribal Administration, and outlined in The Pueblo of Zia Comprehensive Plan and Pueblo of Zia — Zia Enterprise Zone Master Plan. A key goal of the study is to analyze the integrated development of solar, geothermal, and wind renewable energy resources at Zia Pueblo, with added potential to combine gas-fired generation to accomplish energy firming. Geothermal offers a base load source of energy, providing power continuously for end users. Wind and solar offer intermediate and peaking sources of energy, which can be harvested throughout the day, with periods of variable but predicable output. Variability will be managed in an integrated manner, using Zia Pueblo's combined renewable resources to generate high-quality power. Tasks are intended to collect, catalog, map, and analyze existing data on Zia Pueblo's renewable energy resource base and then match resource attributes with the most suitable renewable technologies for tribal energy consumption and needs. Also, key impacts on cultural and social values of Zia Pueblo will be addressed. Selected most favorable uses and technologies will be further investigated to determine initial feasibility and market for business development for up to six sites located on tribal land. The anticipated result will be the recommended development of sites that have sufficient background study completed to warrant a business plan, detailed engineering feasibility, and acquisition of project financing. Valuable technical and economic information will accrue from this study that may be applied to scale up or down the various power technology potential on Zia Pueblo for maximum benefit and best area(s) of application, project phasing and potential for future replicability and expansion.

  14. Renewable energy micro-grid power system for isolated communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samuel Tucker; Michael Negnevitsky

    2011-01-01

    Technological advancement in the renewable energy industry is increasing the feasibility of incorporating renewable energy sources into the power systems of isolated communities. Previous studies have demonstrated how renewable energy resources can be incorporated into remote area power systems, in order to reduce operating costs and harmful emissions. The variable nature of renewable resources, however, is still an obstacle that

  15. Greening the Cloud Using Renewable-Energy-Aware Service Migration*

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    1 Greening the Cloud Using Renewable-Energy-Aware Service Migration* Uttam Mandal, M. Farhan Habib. In addition, renewable-energy usage in place of non-renewable can also reduce carbon emission. However, due to its intermittency and volatility, renewable energy can not be used to its full potential

  16. National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Education Programs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-07-20

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) believes that "educating students, teachers, and consumers is the other key to finding new renewable ways to power our homes, businesses, and cars." This site is full of important educational resources such as classroom activities, online quizzes, and fact sheets that deal with renewable energy technology and applied sciences. In the Educational Resources area, visitors can make their way through several dozen lesson plans, including "History of Solar Cells," "Teacher's Guide to Wind Energy," and "School Energy Audit." Moving on, the DOE Undergraduate Internships & Graduate Fellowships area gives interested parties access to application forms for the Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program and the Graduate Fellowship Program. The site is rounded out by information on the annual Junior Solar Sprint & Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car Competition.

  17. Green Computing: Energy Consumption Optimized Service Hosting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Walter Binder; Niranjan Suri

    2009-01-01

    Green Computing is a recent trend towards designing, building, and operating computer systems to be energy efficient. While\\u000a programs such as Energy Star have been around since the early 1990s, recent concerns regarding global climate change and the\\u000a energy crisis have led to renewed interest in Green Computing. Data centers are a significant consumers of energy - both to\\u000a power

  18. International energy efficiency and renewable energy resources on the Internet

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meyer, R.D. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-10-01

    A variety of sources of information on energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies are available on the Internet`s World Wide Web. These resources are sponsored and maintained by a myriad of organizations across the country and world. One expeditious way to access these resources is by using the U.S. Department of Energy`s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN). This network is a user-friendly computer link to Internet based information on energy conservation and renewable energy technologies and techniques. Numerous international sources of information can be accessed through EREN including the International Energy Agency`s Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies (CADDET) and the Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange (GREENTIE). CADDET`s Register of demonstrated energy technologies provides an extensive guide to energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, and GREENTIE`s Directory of supplier information helps users access technology providers and experts.

  19. 76 FR 71312 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-17

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

  20. 77 FR 43807 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee; Extended Deadline for Solicitation of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-26

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...nominations to serve on the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...composition and purpose of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

  1. 75 FR 35766 - Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee and Solicitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ...Administration Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...Notice of establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...announces the establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

  2. 75 FR 35450 - Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    ...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of...

  3. 75 FR 12743 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Request for Information; Weatherization...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Request for Information...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...water systems; Small-scale renewable energy systems, including...

  4. CONNECTING RENEWABLE ENERGY WITHIN THE GRID

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmed S. Bouazzi

    The new context of increased concern over urban air pollution, global warming and fossil resources depletion pushes the states and the regional alliances to introduce renewables into their energy resources to feed their industry and their population with energy. Despite the fact that the Arab states are the biggest oil and gas producer in the world, it is wise to

  5. Energy and other non-renewable resources

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    Anticipated U.S. demands for non-renewable energy and mineral resources exceed domestic supplies essential for economic growth. For the long term changes necessary in the energy supply and demand gap, new technologies and substitute materials as well as legislation and socio-economic strategies are elaborated.

  6. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Biomass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers biomass energy technology, including biopower, biofuels and biobased products. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  7. Integrating renewable energy sources into European grids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. J. Hammons

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the integration of new sources of renewable energy into the power systems in Europe—challenges and possible solutions, application of wind power prediction tools for power system operation, new tasks that create new solutions for communication in distribution systems, wind power in Greece, integration of dispersed generation in Denmark, wind power in The Netherlands, EdF and distributed energy

  8. Learning in renewable energy technology development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. M. Junginger

    2005-01-01

    Dutch energy policy is directed at 17 percent of electricity demand being covered by renewable energy sources by 2020. Martin Junginger has demonstrated that this can be achieved at considerably lower costs than is the case now. He also found that it might be more financially advantageous to realize part of the objective outside of the Netherlands because, for example,

  9. RP5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

    2004-01-01

    This is the sixth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period from October 1, 2003 through December 31, 2003. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. In coordination with the DOE, IEUA has revised the

  10. RP5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

    2007-01-01

    This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred

  11. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLES CORNELL COOPERATIVE EXTENSION

    E-print Network

    abundant biomass, starch and sugars, or vegetable oils that can be used for energy, either directly to plan ahead. · Dependence on foreign oil is a long-term risk. · Nitrogen fertilizer input costs · Cornell Climate Change PWT · PAGE 2 Renewable Energy Traditional fossil fuels (e.g., oil, gas, and coal

  12. Energy Consumption of Die Casting Operations

    SciTech Connect

    Jerald Brevick; clark Mount-Campbell; Carroll Mobley

    2004-03-15

    Molten metal processing is inherently energy intensive and roughly 25% of the cost of die-cast products can be traced to some form of energy consumption [1]. The obvious major energy requirements are for melting and holding molten alloy in preparation for casting. The proper selection and maintenance of melting and holding equipment are clearly important factors in minimizing energy consumption in die-casting operations [2]. In addition to energy consumption, furnace selection also influences metal loss due to oxidation, metal quality, and maintenance requirements. Other important factors influencing energy consumption in a die-casting facility include geographic location, alloy(s) cast, starting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, casting yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-casting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, casting yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-casting machine, related equipment (robots, trim presses), and downstream processing (machining, plating, assembly, etc.). Each of these factors also may influence the casting quality and productivity of a die-casting enterprise. In a die-casting enterprise, decisions regarding these issues are made frequently and are based on a large number of factors. Therefore, it is not surprising that energy consumption can vary significantly from one die-casting enterprise to the next, and within a single enterprise as function of time.

  13. Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Kuiper, J. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Hlava, K. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Greenwood, H. [Environmentall Science Division] [Environmentall Science Division; Carr, A. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division

    2013-12-13

    The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software. The report also includes: ? A description of each of the components of the Atlas; ? Lists of the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and ? A brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies. The Atlas includes the following: ? A GIS database organized as a set of Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS Personal GeoDatabases, and ? ESRI ArcReader and ArcGIS project files providing an interactive map visualization and analysis interface.

  14. How might renewable energy technologies fit in the food-water-energy nexus?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newmark, R. L.; Macknick, J.; Heath, G.; Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Roberts, B.

    2011-12-01

    Feeding the growing population in the U.S. will require additional land for crop and livestock production. Similarly, a growing population will require additional sources of energy. Renewable energy is likely to play an increased role in meeting the new demands of electricity consumers. Renewable energy technologies can differ from conventional technologies in their operation and their siting locations. Many renewable energy technologies have a lower energy density than conventional technologies and can also have large land use requirements. Much of the prime area suitable for renewable energy development in the U.S. has historically been used for agricultural production, and there is some concern that renewable energy installations could displace land currently producing food crops. In addition to requiring vast expanses of land, both agriculture and renewable energy can require water. The agriculture and energy sectors are responsible for the majority of water withdrawals in the U.S. Increases in both agricultural and energy demand can lead to increases in water demands, depending on crop management and energy technologies employed. Water is utilized in the energy industry primarily for power plant cooling, but it is also required for steam cycle processes and cleaning. Recent characterizations of water use by different energy and cooling system technologies demonstrate the choice of fuel and cooling system technologies can greatly impact the withdrawals and the consumptive use of water in the energy industry. While some renewable and conventional technology configurations can utilize more water per unit of land than irrigation-grown crops, other renewable technology configurations utilize no water during operations and could lead to reduced stress on water resources. Additionally, co-locating agriculture and renewable energy production is also possible with many renewable technologies, avoiding many concerns about reductions in domestic food production. Various metrics exist for defining land use impacts of energy technologies, with little consensus on how much total land is impacted or is necessary. Here we characterize the land use requirements of energy technologies by comparing various metrics from different studies, providing ranges of the potential land impact from alternative energy scenarios. Land use requirements for energy needs under these scenarios are compared with projected land use requirements for agriculture to support a growing population. The water implications of various energy and food scenarios are analyzed to provide insights into potential regional impacts or conflicts between sectors.

  15. Energy Consumption Monitoring System for Large Complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jorge, André; Guerreiro, João; Pereira, Pedro; Martins, João; Gomes, Luís

    This paper describes the development of an open source system for monitoring and data acquisition of several energy analyzers. The developed system is based on a computer with Internet/Intranet connection by means of RS485 using Modbus RTU as communication protocol. The monitoring/metering system was developed for large building complexes and was validated in the Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia University campus. The system considers two distinct applications. The first one allows the user to verify, in real time, the energy consumption of any department in the complex, produce load diagrams, tables and print, email or save all available data. The second application keeps records of active/reactive energy consumption in order to verify the existence of some anomalous situation, and also monthly charge energy consumption to each corresponding department.

  16. Estimating the Potential Impact of Renewable Energy on the Caribbean

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Estimating the Potential Impact of Renewable Energy on the Caribbean Job Sector Rebekah Shirley renewable energy projects within the Caribbean region. We present a model scenario where together energy

  17. CREST: Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology, a 501(c)(3) organization in Washington, DC, announces Solstice, a file server with state-of-the-art information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, the environment, and sustainable community development.

  18. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings

    EIA Publications

    2010-01-01

    Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

  19. 76 FR 57956 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive Business Development Mission; Clarification and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...supplement to the Notice of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...permit), interested U.S. renewable energy firms and trade...

  20. Development of renewable energy Challenges for the electrical grids

    E-print Network

    Canet, Léonie

    Development of renewable energy in France Challenges for the electrical grids #12;Contenu 1. Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables ­ The French Renewable Energy Association 2. RES development in France, Geothermal energy... · The Voice of the Renewable Energy sector for Government & public authorities, TSOs

  1. Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Renewable Energy Systems

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Renewable Energy Systems Rapidly increasing energy demands coupled is providing firm energy from multiple non-firm renewable energy inputs. As Canada's Green UniversityTM, UNBC intends to take a leadership role in developing research to support local renewable energy systems

  2. Gains from an integrated market for tradable renewable energy credits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pallab Mozumder; Achla Marathe

    2004-01-01

    Decoupling the environmental attributes of renewable energy (RE) generation from the physical unit of energy is an innovative mechanism for marketing green or renewable power. The introduction of ‘Tradable Renewable Energy Credits’ (TRECs) allows the green power attributes of energy to be sold or traded separately from the physical unit of energy. Since the green power certificate system removes potential

  3. Cool energy. Renewal solutions to environmental problems

    SciTech Connect

    Brower, M.

    1992-01-01

    This book begins with a chapter describing some of the economic and environmental consequences of America's fossil-fuel-based economy. It makes the case that, despite some progress in reducing pollution from fossil fuels, no lasting cure for the deteriorating environment - in particular, the looming threat of global warming - is possible without developing alternative fuel sources. That renewable energy can provide the bulk of the new supplies needed is the theme of the second chapter, which discusses the relative advantages of these resources compared to fossil fuels and nuclear power and evaluates their long-term potential. The bulk of the book considers five broad categories of renewable energy sources: solar, wind, biomass (plant matter), rivers and oceans, and geothermal. For each of these sources, the book describes its current application, discusses its costs, analyzes new technologies under development, and assesses its positive and negative environmental impacts. This book shows the vital role renewable sources can and should play in America's energy future. It cites studies indicating that, with the right policies, renewable energy could provide as much as half of America's energy within 40 years, and an even larger fraction down the road. Such a rapid shift from existing energy sources would be dramatic but not unprecedented. In 1920, coal supplied 70% of US energy, but within 40 years its share had dropped to just 20% as oil and natural gas use increased. Sooner or later, oil and natural gas will also fade in importance. The real question is when. This book makes the case that the time to move decisively toward a renewable energy economy has arrived.

  4. Atlanta residential energy consumption. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Reed; J. E. Barber; B. White

    1976-01-01

    Energy consumption in Atlanta, Ga., was analyzed for single - family, townhouse, low - rise, and high - rise structures for 1955, which was selected as a typical weather year. A two - step procedure was employed in calculating energy requirements. In the first step, hourly heating and cooling loads were determined for each dwelling unit. In the second step,

  5. Annual energy production and consumption, 1980

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodman

    1981-01-01

    Major California oil and gas producers, major California oil and gas marketers, and all California oil refiners and electric and gas utilities are required to report fuel and energy production and consumption data to the California Energy Commission. This report summarizes the data submitted from 1976 through 1980.

  6. Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buffinger, D. R.; Fuller, C. W.; Gordon, E. M.; Kalu, A.; Hepp, Aloysius F. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is an education program involving three Historically Black Colleges and Universities and NASA's John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. These three universities; Central State University (CSU), Savannah State University (SSU) and Wilberforce University (WU) are working together with NASA Glenn to use the theme of renewable energy to improve the science, engineering and technology education of minority students and to attract minority students to these fields. In this vein, a renewable energy laboratory course is being offered at WU with the goal of giving the students of WU and CSU hands on experiences. As part of this course, the students are constructing solar light posts for a local high school with a high minority population. A Physics teacher from this school and some of his high school students are involved with this project. A lecture course on energy systems and sustainability is being developed by SSU to be delivered via distance reaming to the other institutions. Summer activities are being planned at all three institutions involving student projects in renewable energy. For example, WU students will work on a study of the synthesis and properties of photovoltaic materials. In addition, CSU will present a weeklong summer program to high school students with the assistance of WU. This presentation will focus on the student involvement and achievements in the educational area to date and plot the future course of this program.

  7. Energy: Production, Consumption, and Consequences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helm, John L., Ed.

    Energy policy in the United States and much of the analysis behind those policies is largely incomplete according to many. Systems for energy production, distribution, and use have traditionally been analyzed by supply sector, yet such analyses cannot capture the complex interplay of technology, economics, public policy, and environmental concerns…

  8. Renewable Energy Applications for Existing Buildings: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Hayter, S. J.; Kandt, A.

    2011-08-01

    This paper introduces technical opportunities, means, and methods for incorporating renewable energy (RE) technologies into building designs and operations. It provides an overview of RE resources and available technologies used successfully to offset building electrical and thermal energy loads. Methods for applying these technologies in buildings and the role of building energy efficiency in successful RE projects are addressed along with tips for implementing successful RE projects.

  9. Optimizing Cellular Networks Enabled with Renewal Energy via Strategic Learning.

    PubMed

    Sohn, Insoo; Liu, Huaping; Ansari, Nirwan

    2015-01-01

    An important issue in the cellular industry is the rising energy cost and carbon footprint due to the rapid expansion of the cellular infrastructure. Greening cellular networks has thus attracted attention. Among the promising green cellular network techniques, the renewable energy-powered cellular network has drawn increasing attention as a critical element towards reducing carbon emissions due to massive energy consumption in the base stations deployed in cellular networks. Game theory is a branch of mathematics that is used to evaluate and optimize systems with multiple players with conflicting objectives and has been successfully used to solve various problems in cellular networks. In this paper, we model the green energy utilization and power consumption optimization problem of a green cellular network as a pilot power selection strategic game and propose a novel distributed algorithm based on a strategic learning method. The simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm achieves correlated equilibrium of the pilot power selection game, resulting in optimum green energy utilization and power consumption reduction. PMID:26167934

  10. Optimizing Cellular Networks Enabled with Renewal Energy via Strategic Learning

    PubMed Central

    Sohn, Insoo; Liu, Huaping; Ansari, Nirwan

    2015-01-01

    An important issue in the cellular industry is the rising energy cost and carbon footprint due to the rapid expansion of the cellular infrastructure. Greening cellular networks has thus attracted attention. Among the promising green cellular network techniques, the renewable energy-powered cellular network has drawn increasing attention as a critical element towards reducing carbon emissions due to massive energy consumption in the base stations deployed in cellular networks. Game theory is a branch of mathematics that is used to evaluate and optimize systems with multiple players with conflicting objectives and has been successfully used to solve various problems in cellular networks. In this paper, we model the green energy utilization and power consumption optimization problem of a green cellular network as a pilot power selection strategic game and propose a novel distributed algorithm based on a strategic learning method. The simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm achieves correlated equilibrium of the pilot power selection game, resulting in optimum green energy utilization and power consumption reduction. PMID:26167934

  11. Student Outreach With Renewable Energy Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, Eric B. (Technical Monitor); Buffinger, D.; Fuller, C.; Kalu, A.

    2003-01-01

    The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is a joint grant that involves a collaboration between three HBCU's (Central State University, Savannah State University, and Wilberforce University) and NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. The overall goal of the grant is to increase the interest of minority students in the technical disciplines, to encourage participating minority students to continue their undergraduate study in these disciplines, and to promote graduate school to these students. As a part of SORET, Central State University has developed an undergraduate research associates program over the past two years. As part of this program, students are required to take special laboratory courses offered at Wilberforce University that involve the application of renewable energy systems. The course requires the students to design, construct, and install a renewable energy project. In addition to the applied renewable energy course, Central State University provided four undergraduate research associates the opportunity to participate in summer internships at Texas Southern University (Renewable Energy Environmental Protection Program) and the Cleveland African-American Museum (Renewable Energy Summer Camp for High School Students) an activity co sponsored by NASA and the Cleveland African-American Museum. Savannah State University held a high school summer program with a theme of the Direct Impact of Science on Our Every Day Lives. The purpose of the institute was to whet the interest of students in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) by demonstrating the effectiveness of science to address real world problems. The 2001 institute involved the design and installation of a PV water pumping system at the Center for Advanced Water Technology and Energy Systems at Savannah State. Both high school students and undergraduates contributed to this project. Wilberforce University has used NASA support to provide resources for an Applied Renewable Energy Laboratory offered to both Central State and Wilberforce students. In addition, research endeavors for high school and undergraduates were funded during the summer. The research involved attempts to layer photovoltaic materials on a conducting polymer (polypyrrole) substrate. Two undergraduate students who were interested in polymer research originated this concept. Finally, the university was able to purchase a meteorological station to assist in the analysis of the solar/wind hybrid power system operating at the university.

  12. 78 FR 20896 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-08

    ...storage and transmission, and biofuels--on the market dynamics affecting their respective industry sectors; key export...relating to the renewable energy and energy efficiency supply chain that may have linkages to promoting exports of...

  13. Renewable Energy - Panacea for Climate Change?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ö. Göl

    2007-01-01

    Within a few short decades, climate change has become a menacing reality rather than a remote possibility, threatening the planet Earth and its inhabitants. There is frantic activity at many fronts to thwart its advance and reverse the trend. Use of renewable energy sources is often hailed as one of the measures in combating climate change. There are action plans

  14. Technology and the diffusion of renewable energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Popp; Ivan Hascic; Neelakshi Medhi

    2011-01-01

    We consider investment in wind, solar photovoltaic, geothermal, and electricity from biomass and waste across 26 OECD countries from 1991 to 2004. Using the PATSTAT database, we obtain a comprehensive list of patents for each of these technologies throughout the world, which we use to assess the impact of technological change on investment in renewable energy capacity. We consider four

  15. Jeudi 3 octobre 2013 RENEWABLE ENERGIES

    E-print Network

    Canet, Léonie

    AHEAD · Scaling up financing to $1 trillion/year: ­ In search of lower-cost capital ­ ReachingJeudi 3 octobre 2013 FINANCING RENEWABLE ENERGIES Michael Eckhart Managing Director Global Head of Environmental Finance Citigroup, Inc. michael.eckhart@citi.com #12;CHALLENGE #12;PERSPECTIVE #12

  16. Economic costs of renewable energy. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Gorden; M. Gorden; S. Reckhow

    1981-01-01

    Are renewable energy systems (RES's) economically competitive with fossil fuels in developing countries. Underlying this question are several assumptions which this report reviews and tests, using a net present cost analysis method, in three case studies - a water-pumping system, rural electrification, and gasohol as a gasoline substitute - for the period 1980-95. The authors conclude that the key assumption

  17. Renewable energy development in Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. M. Leung; J. W. W. Hui

    2004-01-01

    A two-stage consultancy study was commissioned by the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department of the Hong Kong SAR Government in November 2000 to investigate the feasibility of wide-scale application of renewable energy (RE) technologies in Hong Kong, with a view to further improving our air quality and reducing our greenhouse gas emissions. The stage 1 study evaluated the potential of

  18. Climate change and renewable energy portfolios 

    E-print Network

    Burnett, Dougal James

    2012-06-25

    The UK has a commitment to reduce greenhouse gases by at least 80% from 1990 levels by 2050. This will see the proportion of energy generated in the UK from renewable resources such as wind, solar, marine and bio-fuels ...

  19. International Data Base for the U.S. Renewable Energy Industry

    SciTech Connect

    none

    1986-05-01

    The International Data Base for the US Renewable Energy Industry was developed to provide the US renewable energy industry with background data for identifying and analyzing promising foreign market opportunities for their products and services. Specifically, the data base provides the following information for 161 developed and developing countries: (1) General Country Data--consisting of general energy indicators; (2) Energy Demand Data--covering commercial primary energy consumption; (3) Energy Resource Data--identifying annual average insolation, wind power, and river flow data; (4) Power System Data--indicating a wide range of electrical parameters; and (5) Business Data--including currency and credit worthiness data.

  20. Seawater desalination driven by renewable energies: a review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lourdes García-Rodríguez

    2002-01-01

    This paper deals with seawater desalination systems driven by renewable energies. A review of pilot plants and perspectives of development is presented. There are many reasons why the use of renewable energies in seawater desalination is suitable, especially for remote areas where conventional energy supply and skilled workers are not usually available. Nevertheless, desalination systems driven by renewable energies are

  1. Status report on renewable energy in the States

    SciTech Connect

    Swezey, B.; Sinclair, K.

    1992-12-01

    As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2) assess the impacts of state policies on renewable energy development; and (3) identify important information needs. The key findings from this effort are: Renewable energy development has occurred only slowly over the last decade, and a small number of states account for the bulk of development. The development that has occurred has been limited to non-utility entities. Directed state policies have been a key driver in renewable energy development. Those states not currently addressing renewables may need more data and information before they proceed with directed policies. Other important observations are: The cost of renewables is an overriding concern. Regulators distinguish between ``emerging`` and ``established`` renewable energy technologies. Specific data are lacking on state-level renewable energy development. Detailed renewable resource assessments have yet to be performed in many states. This report identifies renewable energy information needs of state regulators. However, a number of concerns are also identified that must be addressed before renewables will receive serious attention in many of those states with limited renewables experience. Finally, the report catalogs a wide variety of policies that have been utilized in the states to promote greater development of renewable energy.

  2. Status report on renewable energy in the States

    SciTech Connect

    Swezey, B.; Sinclair, K.

    1992-12-01

    As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2) assess the impacts of state policies on renewable energy development; and (3) identify important information needs. The key findings from this effort are: Renewable energy development has occurred only slowly over the last decade, and a small number of states account for the bulk of development. The development that has occurred has been limited to non-utility entities. Directed state policies have been a key driver in renewable energy development. Those states not currently addressing renewables may need more data and information before they proceed with directed policies. Other important observations are: The cost of renewables is an overriding concern. Regulators distinguish between emerging'' and established'' renewable energy technologies. Specific data are lacking on state-level renewable energy development. Detailed renewable resource assessments have yet to be performed in many states. This report identifies renewable energy information needs of state regulators. However, a number of concerns are also identified that must be addressed before renewables will receive serious attention in many of those states with limited renewables experience. Finally, the report catalogs a wide variety of policies that have been utilized in the states to promote greater development of renewable energy.

  3. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH August 2010

    E-print Network

    . The demonstration will address the integration issues for new wind power, large-scale energy storage, demand, battery storage sized at 2 megawatt (MW), demand response initiatives, and solar thermal to generate up-and-play" energy resources. · Techniques for deploying smart grid battery storage and monitoring battery

  4. 78 FR 26394 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ...TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments AGENCY...report to USTR in investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments....

  5. Managing Variable Energy Resources to Increase Renewable Electricity's

    E-print Network

    Electricity? 7 What Is Renewable Electricity's Current Contribution to Electricity Generation? 9 Why Contribution of Renewable Energy to Total Electricity Generation? 15 ManaGInG VaRIablE EnERGy REsouRCEs 16 What

  6. Renewable Energy Living Lab: Smart Solar

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

    Students use real-world data to evaluate whether solar power is a viable energy alternative for several cities in different parts of the U.S. Working in small groups, they examine maps and make calculations using NREL/US DOE data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. In this exercise, students analyze cost and availability for solar power, and come to conclusions about whether solar power is a good solution for four different locations.

  7. Computer Profile of School Facilities Energy Consumption.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oswalt, Felix E.

    This document outlines a computerized management tool designed to enable building managers to identify energy consumption as related to types and uses of school facilities for the purpose of evaluating and managing the operation, maintenance, modification, and planning of new facilities. Specifically, it is expected that the statistics generated…

  8. Optimal Power Allocation for Renewable Energy Source

    E-print Network

    Sinha, Abhinav

    2011-01-01

    Battery powered transmitters face energy constraint, replenishing their energy by a renewable energy source (like solar or wind power) can lead to longer lifetime. We consider here the problem of finding the optimal power allocation under random channel conditions for a wireless transmitter, such that rate of information transfer is maximized. Here a rechargeable battery, which is periodically charged by renewable source, is used to power the transmitter. All of above is formulated as a Markov Decision Process. Structural properties like the monotonicity of the optimal value and policy derived in this paper will be of vital importance in understanding the kind of algorithms and approximations needed in real-life scenarios. The effect of curse of dimensionality which is prevalent in Dynamic programming problems can thus be reduced. We show our results under the most general of assumptions.

  9. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Solana, Amy E.; Warwick, William M.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Parker, Kyle R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Manning, Anathea

    2011-11-14

    This report presents the results of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) follow-on renewable energy (RE) assessment of Fort Hood. Fort Hood receives many solicitations from renewable energy vendors who are interested in doing projects on site. Based on specific requests from Fort Hood staff so they can better understand these proposals, and the results of PNNL's 2008 RE assessment of Fort Hood, the following resources were examined in this assessment: (1) Municipal solid waste (MSW) for waste-to-energy (WTE); (2) Wind; (3) Landfill gas; (4) Solar photovoltaics (PV); and (5) Shale gas. This report also examines the regulatory issues, development options, and environmental impacts for the promising RE resources, and includes a review of the RE market in Texas.

  10. Optimal Routing and Scheduling in Multihop Wireless Renewable Energy Networks

    E-print Network

    Sarkar, Saswati

    Optimal Routing and Scheduling in Multihop Wireless Renewable Energy Networks MHR. Khouzani-constrained wireless ad-hoc networks where nodes are powered by renewable energy sources. We take into account the fact that renewable energy harvesting processes are unpredictable and stochastic in nature ­ typically depending

  11. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course of performing work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET

  12. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University

  13. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Report template version 3.1.1 #12;November 20, 2007 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course

  14. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Report template version 1.3 #12;April 3, 2006 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology

  15. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Anthony F. Ellis April 19, 2006 Report template version 1.3 #12;April 19, 2006 Renewable Energy Research This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts

  16. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive April 13, 2006 Report template version 2.0 #12;April 13, 2006 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst

  17. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive;January 20, 2005 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGE7MENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research

  18. ISSN 1745-9648 Financing Renewable Energy through

    E-print Network

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Financing Renewable Energy through Household Adoption of Green Electricity Tariffs in renewable energy. In order to conceptualize factors constraining the adoption of green electricity tariffs by an equivalent amount of renewable energy generation. The tariffs thus provide additional investment incentives

  19. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive 20, 2005 #12;January 20, 2005 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy

  20. Nanotechnology's Implications for Select Systems of Renewable Energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. R. Saunders; D. Benfield; W. Moussa; A. Amirfazli

    2007-01-01

    Developments in micro and nanotechnology within the renewable energy industry have the potential to create significant advances for the renewable energy industry. A review of selected renewable energy sectors being influenced by micro and nanotechnology was performed, finding that the most promising areas involve electricity generation, biomass technologies, and hydrogen technologies. Such technologies include: surface microtexturization and nanocrystalline films in

  1. RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    exacerbated in CA due to extreme off-shore water depths. #12;California Renewable Energy Center Future. Project analysis tool adapted to in-conduit small hydro #12;California Renewable Energy Center 335 GeneralRESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Public Workshop

  2. Emerging Markets for Renewable Energy Certificates: Opportunities and Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ed Holt; L. Bird

    2005-01-01

    Renewable energy certificates (RECs) represent the attributes of electricity generated from renewable energy sources. These attributes are unbundled from the physical electricity, and the two products-the attributes embodied in the certificates and the commodity electricity-may be sold or traded separately. RECs are quickly becoming the currency of renewable energy markets because of their flexibility and the fact that they are

  3. Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Jackson

    2008-01-01

    The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe residing on the Pyramid Lake Reservation in western Nevada. The funding for this project was used to identify blind geothermal systems disconnected from geothermal sacred sites and develop a Tribal energy corporation for evaluating potential economic development for profit.

  4. Mainstreaming New Renewable Energy Technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Neuhoff; R. Sellers

    2006-01-01

    This paper outlines the benefits, obstacles and options for governments to support international markets for technology development. International markets for new energy technologies offer greater scope, thereby increasing the incentives and opportunities for technology improvements. As the market is supported by more independent governments, the confidence of technology developers and producers that future markets for their products will exist is

  5. Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Project

    SciTech Connect

    John Jackson

    2008-03-14

    The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe residing on the Pyramid Lake Reservation in western Nevada. The funding for this project was used to identify blind geothermal systems disconnected from geothermal sacred sites and develop a Tribal energy corporation for evaluating potential economic development for profit.

  6. Renewable Energy Positioning System: Energy Positioning: Control and Economics

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2012-03-01

    GENI Project: The University of Washington and the University of Michigan are developing an integrated system to match well-positioned energy storage facilities with precise control technologies so the electric grid can more easily include energy from renewable power sources like wind and solar. Because renewable energy sources provide intermittent power, it is difficult for the grid to efficiently allocate those resources without developing solutions to store their energy for later use. The two universities are working with utilities, regulators, and the private sector to position renewable energy storage facilities in locations that optimize their ability to provide and transmit electricity where and when it is needed most. Expanding the network of transmission lines is prohibitively expensive, so combining well-placed storage facilities with robust control systems to efficiently route their power will save consumers money and enable the widespread use of safe, renewable sources of power.

  7. Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost

    E-print Network

    -Based Distribution · Formulate an optimization problem · Compute power mixes for a year · Periodically computeCapping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost Kien T. Le Ricardo Bianchini Electricity sources Coal Natural Gas Nuclear Renewables Others 100 105 110 115 120 Nigeria Data Centers Czech

  8. Consortium for Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Consortium for Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET) is a project funded by the National Science Foundation that is working to promote renewable energy and environmental sustainability in an impressive array of ways. They offer a certificate in Renewable Energy Technology at colleges and universities across the Midwest, provide job reports and forecasts for renewable energy jobs, list an impressive store of resources related to all types of sustainable energy, and fund various projects supporting the same goal. All of these wonderful facets can be explored more thoroughly on their website. This is a great resource for students, teachers, and workers in the renewable energy field.

  9. Energy Consumption Characteriation of Heterogeneous Servers School of Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Qin, Xiao

    Energy Consumption Characteriation of Heterogeneous Servers Xiao Zhang School of Computer Science Machine between servers to save energy. An accurate energy consumption model is the basic of energy management. Most past studies show that energy consumption has linear relation with resource utilization. We

  10. Global energy consumption and production in 2000

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Allen, E. L.; Davison, C.; Dougher, R.; Edmonds, J. A.; Reilly, J.

    1981-02-01

    This study anticipates that global energy demand will continue to expand through 2000, although at a slower pace than in 1965 to 1978. Growth of supply is expected to be largely in conventional, nonrenewable fuels - coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas. Energy growth is also expected to slow down in terms of energy consumption per unit of output as a consequence of continuing efficiency improvements, which, in turn, result from higher energy prices. Slower rates of economic growth are expected in all groups of countries, developed and underdeveloped.

  11. Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1982-03-01

    Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

  12. Renewable Energy Planning: Multiparametric Cost Optimization

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a method for determining the combination of renewable energy technologies that minimize life-cycle cost at a facility, often with a specified goal regarding percent of energy use from renewable sources. Technologies include: photovoltaics (PV); wind; solar thermal heat and electric; solar ventilation air preheating; solar water heating; biomass heat and electric (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion); and daylighting. The method rests upon the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) capabilities in characterization of technology cost and performance, geographic information systems (GIS) resource assessment, and life-cycle cost analysis. The paper discusses how to account for the way candidate technologies interact with each other, and the solver routine used to determine the combination that minimizes life-cycle cost. Results include optimal sizes of each technology, initial cost, operating cost, and life-cycle cost, including incentives from utilities or governments. Results inform early planning to identify and prioritize projects at a site for subsequent engineering and economic feasibility study.

  13. National Renewable Energy Laboratory: 35 Years of Innovation (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-04-01

    This brochure is an overview of NREL's innovations over the last 35 years. It includes the lab's history and a description of the laboratory of the future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency. NREL's work focuses on advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to the commercial marketplace through industry partnerships. The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, a partnership between Battelle and MRIGlobal, manages NREL for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

  14. North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industry Census 2008

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this report from the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association on renewable energy and energy efficiency in that state. The report focuses on data collected for the year 2008. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  15. A generic Southern perspective on renewable energy [1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amulya K. N. Reddy

    2002-01-01

    The increase in the use of fossil fuels from about the mid-nineteenth century and their growing unsustainability led to a growing demand for renewable energy. Since this demand has even assumed a fundamentalist trend, the question arises: should the goal be sustainable development or renewable energy? Here, the position is taken that the goal should be sustainable development with renewable

  16. Indian Renewable Energy Status Report: Background Report for DIREC 2010

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. S. Arora; S. Busche; S. Cowlin; T. Engelmeier; J. Jaritz; A. Milbrandt; S. Wang

    2010-01-01

    India has great potential to accelerate use of endowed renewable resources in powering its growing economy with a secure and affordable energy supply. The Government of India recognizes that development of local, renewable resources will be critical to ensure that India is able to meet both economic and environmental objectives and has supported the development of renewable energy through several

  17. Quantifying state-policy incentives for the renewable energy investor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sreenivas R. Sukumar; Mallikarjun Shankar; Mohammed M Olama; Stanton W Hadley; Vladimir A Protopopescu; Sergey Malinchik; Barry Ives

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we describe an approach to quantify state-level renewable energy policies for a decision maker\\/investor. We describe the construction of a computational module - a rule-based system - to evaluate state incentives and their impacts on renewable energy investment. We aim to quantify the policy bias of states towards renewable technologies and identify profitable markets for investment, both

  18. Rat splanchnic net oxygen consumption, energy implications.

    PubMed Central

    Casado, J; Fernández-López, J A; Esteve, M; Rafecas, I; Argilés, J M; Alemany, M

    1990-01-01

    1. The blood flow, PO2, pH and PCO2 have been estimated in portal and suprahepatic veins as well as in hepatic artery of fed and overnight starved rats given an oral glucose load. From these data the net intestinal, hepatic and splanchnic balances for oxygen and bicarbonate were calculated. The oxygen consumption of the intact animal has also been measured under comparable conditions. 2. The direct utilization of oxygen balances as energy equivalents when establishing the contribution of energy metabolism of liver and intestine to the overall energy expenses of the rat, has been found to be incorrect, since it incorporates the intrinsic error of interorgan proton transfer through bicarbonate. Liver and intestine produced high net bicarbonate balances in all situations tested, implying the elimination (by means of oxidative pathways, i.e. consuming additional oxygen) of high amounts of H+ generated with bicarbonate. The equivalence in energy output of the oxygen balances was then corrected for bicarbonate production to 11-54% lower values. 3. Intestine and liver consume a high proportion of available oxygen, about one-half in basal (fed or starved) conditions and about one-third after gavage, the intestine consumption being about 15% in all situations tested and the liver decreasing its oxygen consumption with gavage. PMID:2129230

  19. Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Rooney, Tim [Antares Group Inc.] [Antares Group Inc.

    2013-10-30

    The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to assess the feasibility of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. A solar energy project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of potential future energy savings, increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a solar project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Technical appropriateness; ? Solar resource characteristics and expected system performance; ? Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) economic assessment. The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to prepare a biomass resource assessment study and evaluate the feasibility of a bioenergy project on Community land. A biomass project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a biomass project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Resource analysis and costs; ? Identification of potential bioenergy projects; ? Technical and economic (levelized cost of energy) modeling for selected project configuration.

  20. UNCERTAINTY OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION ASSESSMENT OF DOMESTIC BUILDINGS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Brohus; P. Heiselberg; A. Simonsen; K. C. Sørensen

    In order to assess the influence of energy reduction initiatives, to determine the expected annual cost, to calculate life cycle cost, emission impact, etc. it is crucial to be able to assess the energy consumption reasonably accurate. The present work undertakes a theoretical and empirical study of the uncertainty of energy consumption assessment of domestic buildings. The calculated energy consumption

  1. Smoothing the Energy Consumption: Peak Demand Reduction in Smart Grid

    E-print Network

    Li, Xiang-Yang

    Smoothing the Energy Consumption: Peak Demand Reduction in Smart Grid Shaojie Tang , Qiuyuan Huang-life appliance energy consumption data trace and synthetic data to evaluate the performance of our algorithms.S. Department of Energy in 2008 [25] that energy consumptions from buildings account for ap- proximately 74

  2. On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software

    E-print Network

    Stoller, Scott

    On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software Zhichao Li, Radu Grosu, Priya Sehgal {zhicli,grosu,psehgal,sas,stoller,ezk}@cs.stonybrook.edu ABSTRACT Models of energy consumption that can balance out performance and energy use. This paper considers the energy consumption

  3. A Stochastic Calculus for Network Systems with Renewable Energy Sources

    E-print Network

    Wu, Kui; Marinakis, Dimitri

    2011-01-01

    We consider the performance modeling and evaluation of network systems powered with renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy. Such energy sources largely depend on environmental conditions, which are hard to predict accurately. As such, it may only make sense to require the network systems to support a soft quality of service (QoS) guarantee, i.e., to guarantee a service requirement with a certain high probability. In this paper, we intend to build a solid mathematical foundation to help better understand the stochastic energy constraint and the inherent correlation between QoS and the uncertain energy supply. We utilize a calculus approach to model the cumulative amount of charged energy and the cumulative amount of consumed energy. We derive upper and lower bounds on the remaining energy level based on a stochastic energy charging rate and a stochastic energy discharging rate. By building the bridge between energy consumption and task execution (i.e., service), we study the QoS guarantee under...

  4. 76 FR 34684 - Offshore Renewable Energy; Public Meeting on Information Needs for Resource Assessment and Design...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-14

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Offshore Renewable Energy; Public Meeting on Information Needs for Resource...Conditions AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION:...

  5. State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Portfolio Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Hurlbut, D.

    2008-07-01

    The State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project is supported by the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program within the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This project seeks to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states. The goal is to assist states in determining which clean energy policies or policy portfolios will best accomplish their environmental, economic, and security goals. For example, a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) mandates an increase in the use of wind, solar, biomass, and other alternatives to fossil and nuclear electric generation. This paper provides a summary of the policy objectives that commonly drive the establishment of an RPS, the key issues that states have encountered in implementing an RPS, and the strategies that some of the leading states have followed to address implementation challenges. The factors that help an RPS function best generally have been explored in other analyses. This study complements others by comparing empirical outcomes, and identifying the policies that appear to have the greatest impact on results.

  6. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Basic Energy Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers basic engineering science for understanding energy. Topics like force, energy, power, thermodynamics, the periodic table and stoichiometry are covered. A number of useful graphics are included to enhance the materials. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  7. Renewable Energy at NASA's Johnson Space Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McDowall, Lindsay

    2014-01-01

    NASA's Johnson Space Center has implemented a great number of renewable energy systems. Renewable energy systems are necessary to research and implement if we humans are expected to continue to grow and thrive on this planet. These systems generate energy using renewable sources - water, wind, sun - things that we will not run out of. Johnson Space Center is helping to pave the way by installing and studying various renewable energy systems. The objective of this report will be to examine the completed renewable energy projects at NASA's Johnson Space Center for a time span of ten years, beginning in 2003 and ending in early 2014. This report will analyze the success of each project based on actual vs. projected savings and actual vs. projected efficiency. Additionally, both positive and negative experiences are documented so that lessons may be learned from past experiences. NASA is incorporating renewable energy wherever it can, including into buildings. According to the 2012 JSC Annual Sustainability Report, there are 321,660 square feet of green building space on JSC's campus. The two projects discussed here are major contributors to that statistic. These buildings were designed to meet various Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certification criteria. LEED Certified buildings use 30 to 50 percent less energy and water compared to non-LEED buildings. The objectives of this project were to examine data from the renewable energy systems in two of the green buildings onsite - Building 12 and Building 20. In Building 12, data was examined from the solar photovoltaic arrays. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater system. By examining the data from the two buildings, it could be determined if the renewable energy systems are operating efficiently. Objectives In Building 12, the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays shows that the system is continuously collecting energy from the sun, as shown by the graph below. Building 12 has two solar inverters, located on the second floor, that collected the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays. The data displayed here is the total energy produced by the system. These are cumulative amounts, so the last point on the graph shows all of the energy collected from the system since the start of its operation. The data shown here was manually collected from the solar inverters. However, the data is also automatically recorded through EBI. Through analysis of both sets of data it was determined that the EBI data was faulty. For example, from the manually collected data it can be determined that a total of 73 kWh of energy was collected between the dates of 1/16/2014 – 1/22/2014. The EBI data reports that approximately 17800 kWh of energy was collected during the same time frame. Not only does this exceed the time frame examined, but it also exceeds the total energy collected from the start of collection as recorded from the inverters. This leads to the belief that there is a malfunction with the automatic recording of the energy. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater dating back many months and found that the pump for the solar water heater system was not operating properly, as exhibited in the graph shown below. The pump operates on a solar energy system, meaning that it collects energy throughout the day from the sun. Because of this, the system would stop operating shortly after the sun set because of a lack of sunlight. At that point, the graph should show a zero flow rate, but as exhibited in the graph below, that is not the case. It is clearly shown that the pump is continuously operating, even during the night. It was also observed that the majority of the time the pump would not turn on at all, despite good weather conditions. This led to the conclusion that the pump is malfunctioning, and needs to be examined and fixed.

  8. Relationships between energy consumption and climate change in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huaisui Qian; Shunquan Yuan; Jiulin Sun; Zehui Li

    2004-01-01

    Energy consumption has an inevitable connection with economic level and climate. Based on selected data covering annual total\\u000a energy consumption and its composition and that of all kinds of energy in 1953–1999, the annual residential energy consumption\\u000a and the coal and electricity consumption in 1980–1999 in China, the acreage of crops under cultivation suffered from drought\\u000a and flood annually and

  9. Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

    2011-07-01

    This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

  10. Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 11 Promotion of Renewable with is ProDes (Promotion of Renewable Energy for Water production through Desalination), which brought

  11. ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN KANSAI REGION, JAPAN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shuhei Kondo; Shuichi Hokoi

    To examine present situation of energy consumption, an extensive survey was carried out as a project of Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ). More than 80 houses that were typical to the present Japanese housing sector were chosen nationwide. As a part of this project, we measured the energy consumption of 13 houses in Kansai region. The annual energy consumption in

  12. Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and

    E-print Network

    that the uncertainty distribution in annual energy consumption approximately follows a log-normal distributionUncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium between predicted and actual building energy consumption can be attributed to uncertainties introduced

  13. Automated Analysis of Performance and Energy Consumption for Cloud Applications

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    Automated Analysis of Performance and Energy Consumption for Cloud Applications Feifei Chen, John providers is thus to develop resource provisioning and management solutions at minimum energy consumption system performance and energy consumption patterns in complex cloud systems is imperative to achieve

  14. GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

    E-print Network

    Schott, René - Institut de Mathématiques Élie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

    GENETIC HEURISTICS FOR REDUCING MEMORY ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Maha IDRISSI AOUAD.loria.fr/zendra Keywords: Energy consumption reduction, Genetic heuristics, memory allocation management, optimizations on heuristic methods for SPMs careful management in order to reduce memory energy consumption. We propose

  15. Energy Consumption in Coded Queues for Wireless Information Exchange

    E-print Network

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    Energy Consumption in Coded Queues for Wireless Information Exchange Jasper Goseling, Richard J customers. We use this relation to ob- tain bounds on the energy consumption in a wireless information, for example, from the observations in [3] that using network coding can reduce the energy consumption

  16. The Impact of Distributed Programming Abstractions on Application Energy Consumption

    E-print Network

    Tilevich, Eli

    The Impact of Distributed Programming Abstractions on Application Energy Consumption Young-Woo Kwon of their energy consumption patterns. By varying the abstractions with the rest of the functionality fixed, we measure and analyze the impact of distributed programming abstractions on application energy consumption

  17. Reducing the Energy Consumption of Mobile Applications Behind the Scenes

    E-print Network

    Tilevich, Eli

    Reducing the Energy Consumption of Mobile Applications Behind the Scenes Young-Woo Kwon and Eli, an increasing number of perfective maintenance tasks are concerned with optimizing energy consumption. However, optimizing a mobile application to reduce its energy consumption is non-trivial due to the highly volatile

  18. On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software

    E-print Network

    Zadok, Erez

    On the Energy Consumption and Performance of Systems Software Appears in the proceedings of the 4th,grosu,psehgal,sas,stoller,ezk}@cs.stonybrook.edu ABSTRACT Models of energy consumption and performance are necessary to understand and identify system. This paper considers the energy consumption and performance of servers running a relatively simple file

  19. Renewable energy: A global option for global warning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2009-01-01

    Renewable-energy technologies can help dampen, and perhaps reverse, the menace of global-warming. In a report to the Congress, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recommended that renewable energy fulfill that promise. Some energy consultants say that the world's climate can be stabilized only if the global use of renewable energy increase from 7% (1985 figure) to 40% by the year 2025

  20. Renewable energy resources for developing countries. [Review

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, N.L.

    1980-01-01

    Analysis of the information available shows that the majority of the people in the developing world continue to depend on fuelwood for their non-animate energy, with little or no prospect of changing this dependence in our lifetime. Because the information on energy use is based on a variety of more-or-less reliable estimates, one of the first things needed is a more-accurate picture of energy uses in the noncommercial sector. To help meet this need, many approaches are being made to conduct surveys in rural areas in the Third World. These, together with the few detailed surveys already completed, will provide a firmer base for intervention programs aimed at meeting energy needs and preserving and improving those environmental qualities that enhance the quality of human life. In considering the uses of renewable energy resources in developing countries, it is seen that many have been part of the way of life for centuries, some are new approaches to old technologies, and some are new technologies that have only recently been developed to the point of application. They all have one thing in common, however, besides the renewable nature of the energy resource; the resources are distributed and the technologies are more appropriate to decentralized systems than to central-station power generation. The long-term advantage that will accrue to us in the industrialized countries is that in our concern to meet, realistically, the basic human needs of the largely rural population of the developing world, we are designing energy projects that are based on resources, technologies, and a decentralized approach that have too often been considered the province of the back-to-the-land movement in the developed countries, and not significant in terms of our real energy needs. 17 references, 4 tables.

  1. Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grossman, Andrew James

    The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

  2. Market potential of renewable energy powered desalination systems in Greece

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Voivontas; K. Yannopoulos; K. Rados; A. Zervos; D. Assimacopoulos

    1999-01-01

    The present work analyzes water management strategies based on advanced desalination schemes powered by renewable energy sources. The framework for developing a decision procedure, which monitors water shortage problems and identifies the availability of renewable energy resources to power desalination plants, is presented. Cost of alternative solutions, taking into account energy cost or profits by energy selling to grid, is

  3. 75 FR 6378 - Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership Covanta Energy Marketing LLC Covanta Power...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket...ER10-410-000] Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership Covanta Energy...February 1, 2010, Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership,...

  4. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Alternative Energy- New Directions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers new directions for alternative energy such as thermoacoustics, thermoelectrics, magnetocalorics, sun heat thermochemical storage, liquid metal batteris and fusion. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  5. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Wind Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers wind energy production and includes details on theory of operation, sizes and types of turbines. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  6. Optimal Substitution of Renewable Energy for Long Run Energy Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Behdad Kiani; Takao Kashiwagi; Atsushi Akisawa; Bahman Kermanshahi

    The Substitutability of renewable energies with fossil fuels, due to the termination and pollution of fossil fuels was always of interest to energy planners. In this paper, by using mathematical optimisation with dynamic constraints, we have tried to find the optimal configuration of technologies in the long run in such a way that the minimum costs be exerted on the

  7. Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Kaufmann; James R. Hand; Mark A. Halverson

    2011-01-01

    This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where were going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and

  8. Matching renewable energy systems to village-level energy needs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. H. Ashworth; J. W. Neuendorffer

    1980-01-01

    This report provides a five step process for matching alternative renewable energy technologies with energy needs in rural villages of developing countries. Analytic tools are given for each of the five steps as well as information that can be expected. Twelve characterization criteria are developed to assist in the matching process. Three of these criteria, called discrimination criteria, are used

  9. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Storage

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy storage challenges. Some of the information includes details on ultracapacitors, flywheels, battery storage and other related technologies. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  10. Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership: An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Blair; T. Jenkin; J. Milford; W. Short; P. Sullivan; D. Evans; E. Lieberman; G. Goldstein; E. Wright; K. Jayaraman; B. Venkatech; G. Kleiman; C. Namovicz; B. Smith; K. Palmer; R. Wiser; F. Wood

    2009-01-01

    The Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling and Analysis Partnership (REMAP) sponsors ongoing workshops to discuss individual 'renewable' technologies, energy\\/economic modeling, and - to some extent - policy issues related to renewable energy. Since 2002, the group has organized seven workshops, each focusing on a different renewable technology (geothermal, solar, wind, etc.). These workshops originated and continue to be run under

  11. Renewable energy and the atmospheric sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, T. Y.; Takenaka, H.; Watanabe, T.; Nakajima, T.; Takamura, T.; Kurino, T.

    2013-12-01

    The demand for renewable energy in social energy systems has grown in recent years. In the atmospheric sciences, the energy balances and dynamics in the atmosphere are studied on both local and global scales, and thus estimation of renewable energy is an important practical application. For instance, shortwave solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface is an essential quantity for evaluating the photovoltaic (PV) power generation. Indeed, shortwave solar radiation can be calculated by a radiative transfer solver and an accurate electromagnetic wave scattering theory. A beneficial application of atmospheric sciences is obtaining of solar radiation on the basis of geostationary satellite measurements. Such satellites provide data covering most parts of the Earth every 30 min to 1 h. Geo-parameters such as cloud and aerosol properties are needed for calculating the amount of solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface. Multispectral images acquired by geostationary satellites allow for such geo-parameters to be evaluated. Additionally, polar-orbiting Earth observation satellites are also needed for improving data analysis techniques. For instance, multispectral imagers (e.g., MODIS) and cloud radars (e.g., CloudSat) aboard polar-orbiting satellites can be used to reveal the relationship between multispectral imaging results and the vertical structure of clouds. The EarthCARE (JAXA, ESA, NICT) and the GCOM-C (JAXA) satellites that will be launched in the middle of 2010-era are also used for improving cloud and aerosol process. This paper presents a method using satellite data to evaluate the optical and microphysical parameters of clouds that affect solar radiation. Also presented is a method for evaluating solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface. A new research project in Japan, JST-CREST-EMS (Energy Management System)-TEEDDA (Terrestrial Energy Estimation by Diurnal Data Analyses), which was started in October 2012, is also introduced.

  12. RenewableNY - An Industrial Energy Conservation Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Lubarr, Tzipora

    2009-09-30

    The New York Industrial Retention Network (NYIRN) manages the RenewableNY program to assist industrial companies in New York City to implement energy efficiency projects. RenewableNY provides companies with project management assistance and grants to identify opportunities for energy savings and implement energy efficiency projects. The program helps companies identify energy efficient projects, complete an energy audit, and connect with energy contractors who install renewable energy and energy efficient equipment. It also provides grants to help cover the costs of installation for new systems and equipment. RenewableNY demonstrates that a small grant program that also provides project management assistance can incentivize companies to implement energy efficiency projects that might otherwise be avoided. Estimated savings through RenewableNY include 324,500 kWh saved through efficiency installations, 158 kW of solar energy systems installed, and 945 thm of gas avoided.

  13. Revised CTUIR Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    John Cox; Thomas Bailor; Theodore Repasky; Lisa Breckenridge

    2005-10-31

    This preliminary assessment of renewable energy resources on the Umatilla Indian Reservation (UIR) has been performed by CTUIR Department of Science and Engineering (DOSE). This analysis focused primarily identifying renewable resources that may be applied on or near the Umatilla Indian Reservation. In addition preliminary technical and economic feasibility of developing renewable energy resources have been prepared and initial land use planning issues identified. Renewable energies examined in the course of the investigation included solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, wind, bioethanol, bio-diesel and bio-pellet fuel. All renewable energy options studied were found to have some potential for the CTUIR. These renewable energy options are environmentally friendly, sustainable, and compliment many of the policy goals of the CTUIR. This report seeks to provide an overall review of renewable energy technologies and applications. It tries to identify existing projects near to the CTUIR and the efforts of the federal government, state government and the private sector in the renewable energy arena. It seeks to provide an understanding of the CTUIR as an energy entity. This report intends to provide general information to assist tribal leadership in making decisions related to energy, specifically renewable energy deve lopment.

  14. Renewable energy technologies adoption in Kazakhstan: potentials, barriers and solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karatayev, Marat; Marazza, Diego; Contin, Andrea

    2015-04-01

    The growth in environmental pollution alongside an increasing demand for electricity in Kazakhstan calls for a higher level of renewable energy penetration into national power systems. Kazakhstan has great potential for renewable energies from wind, solar, hydro and biomass resources that can be exploited for electricity production. In 2013, the Kazakhstani Ministry of Energy initiated a new power development plan, which aims to bring the share of renewable energy to 3% by 2020 rising to 30% by 2030 and 50% by 2050. The current contribution of renewable energy resources in the national electricity mix, however, is less than 1%. As a developing country, Kazakhstan has faced a number of barriers to increase renewable energy use, which have to be analysed and translated into a comprehensive renewable energy policy framework. This study presents an overview of the current conditions of renewable energy development in Kazakhstan. Secondly, it identifies and describes the main barriers that prevent diffusion of renewable energy technologies in Kazakhstan. Finally, the paper provides solutions to overcome specific barriers in order to successfully develop a renewable energy technology sector in Kazakhstan.

  15. Renewable Energy RFPs: Solicitation Response and Wind ContractPrices

    SciTech Connect

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2005-04-18

    As input into renewable energy policy discussions in Illinois, we have been asked to provide information on the results of recent, competitive solicitations for renewable energy, with a focus on wind power. In particular, this memorandum includes two pieces of information: (1) Publicly available data on the strength of response to recent renewable energy solicitations; and (2) Wind power purchase costs as revealed through actual power purchase agreements with electric utilities.

  16. Merging nitrogen management and renewable energy needs.

    PubMed

    Wilson, E; Chapman, P J; McDonald, A

    2001-11-22

    The ARBRE (ARable Biomass Renewable Energy) project, the first large-scale wood-fueled electricity generating plant in the U.K., represents a significant development in realising British and European policy objectives on renewable energy. The plant is fueled by a mix of wood from short rotation coppice (SRC) and forest residues. Where feasible, composted/conditioned sewage sludge is applied to coppice sites to increase yields and improve soil structure. In the Yorkshire Water region, typical total N:P:K composition of composted/conditioned sludge is 2.9:3.8:0.3, respectively. Sludge application is calculated on the basis of total nitrogen (N) content to achieve 750 kg N ha(-1), for 3 years" requirement. Willow coppice forms a dense, widely spaced, root network, which, with its long growing season, makes it an effective user of nutrients. This, in combination with willow"s use as a nonfood, nonfodder crop, makes it an attractive route for the recycling of sewage sludge in the absence of sea disposal, banned under the EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (UWWTD). Further work is required on the nutritional requirements of SRC in order to understand better the quantities of sludge that can be applied to SRC without having a detrimental impact on the environment. This paper suggests the source of N rerouting under the UWWTD and suggests the likely expansion of SRC as an alternative recycling pathway. PMID:12805825

  17. Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Hydro Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers hydro energy, including tidal, wave and other sources of hydro energy. The presentation is quite extensive and includes a great amount of detail on this source of energy. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  18. Vehicle emissions and energy consumption impacts of modal shifts

    E-print Network

    Mallett, Vickie Lynn

    1993-01-01

    of the application indicate that reductions in VMT do not necessarily cause reductions in vehicle emissions of interest even when considered, all three of the pollutants of latent travel demand is not consumption was decreased at considered. Energy consumption...

  19. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative ....................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

  20. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

  1. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course of performing work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

  2. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    , Amherst in the course of performing work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

  3. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course of performing work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

  4. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

  5. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of performing work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

  6. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative...................................................................................................................... 8 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distributions

  7. 10 CFR 431.134 - Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...makers. 431.134 Section 431.134 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  8. 10 CFR 431.134 - Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...makers. 431.134 Section 431.134 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

  9. Public opinion and communicative action around renewable energy projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fast, Stewart

    This thesis investigates how rural communities negotiate the development of renewable energy projects. Public and local community acceptance of these new technologies in rural areas around the world is uncertain and spatially uneven and represents an area of emerging public policy interest and one where scholarly theory is rapidly developing. This thesis uses Habermasian concepts of public sphere, communicative action and deliberative democracy, as well as the concept of "wicked problems" from the planning studies literature combined with geographical concepts of place and scale to advance theoretical and empirical understanding of how public opinion on renewable energy technologies is formed in place. It documents energy use patterns, attitudes and socio-political relations at a time when considerable state and business efforts are directed at the construction of solar, wind, biomass and small-hydro technologies in rural regions. These concepts and theories are applied in a case study of rural communities in the Eastern Ontario Highlands, an impoverished area undergoing rapid restructuring driven by centralization of services and amenity migration but with abundant natural resources in form of forests, numerous waterways and open space which have attracted a broad range of new energy developments. Overall high levels of support for alternative energy development particularly for solar power were found, albeit for reasons of local energy security and not for reasons of preventing climate change. There was some evidence that seasonal residents are less supportive of hydro and biomass projects than permanent residents possibly reflecting broader trends in rural economies away from productive uses of land to consumptive appreciation of rural landscapes. The thesis suggests that collective action to advance energy projects in the case study area require agreement along three world-claims (truth, rightness and truthfulness) and that communication leading to discourse which uncovers hitherto hidden reasons for action is possible. These findings offer rare empirical evidence of the predictions of deliberative democratic theory in environmental planning settings. However, multiple barriers to communicative action were also identified and there is evidence that the state's reliance on market incentives may have long term costs in terms of diminished public reasoning around renewable energy.

  10. Public perceptions of energy consumption and savings.

    PubMed

    Attari, Shahzeen Z; DeKay, Michael L; Davidson, Cliff I; Bruine de Bruin, Wändi

    2010-09-14

    In a national online survey, 505 participants reported their perceptions of energy consumption and savings for a variety of household, transportation, and recycling activities. When asked for the most effective strategy they could implement to conserve energy, most participants mentioned curtailment (e.g., turning off lights, driving less) rather than efficiency improvements (e.g., installing more efficient light bulbs and appliances), in contrast to experts' recommendations. For a sample of 15 activities, participants underestimated energy use and savings by a factor of 2.8 on average, with small overestimates for low-energy activities and large underestimates for high-energy activities. Additional estimation and ranking tasks also yielded relatively flat functions for perceived energy use and savings. Across several tasks, participants with higher numeracy scores and stronger proenvironmental attitudes had more accurate perceptions. The serious deficiencies highlighted by these results suggest that well-designed efforts to improve the public's understanding of energy use and savings could pay large dividends. PMID:20713724

  11. California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program Advisory, Statutes of 2007) created the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (hereinafter "Program") to be administered by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission).1 AB 118 authorizes

  12. Renewable Energy Applications for Rural Development in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Ku; E. I. Baring-Gould; K. Stroup

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides a description of current work to promote and support the developing market for renewable (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in China. Since the signing of the US\\/China Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology Development and Utilization in 1995, NREL has helped to promote RE and EE technologies, specifically rural

  13. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive of Massachusetts, Dartmouth March 2009 to May 2009 Prepared for Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources 100 was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst

  14. A review of renewable energy technologies integrated with desalination systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohamed A. Eltawil; Zhao Zhengming; Liqiang Yuan

    2009-01-01

    Energy is an essential ingredient of socio-economic development and economic growth. Renewable energy provides a variable and environmental friendly option and national energy security at a time when decreasing global reserves of fossil fuels threatens the long-term sustainability of global economy. The integration of renewable resources in desalination and water purification is becoming increasingly attractive. This is justified by the

  15. Enabling science and technology for marine renewable energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Markus Mueller; Robin Wallace

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes some of the key challenges to be met in the development of marine renewable energy technology, from its present prototype form to being a widely deployed contributor to future energy supply. Since 2000, a number of large-scale wave and tidal current prototypes have been demonstrated around the world, but marine renewable energy technology is still 10–15 years

  16. REDUCING HOUSEHOLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION: A QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE FIELD STUDY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gwendolyn Brandon; Alan Lewis

    1999-01-01

    One hundred and twenty households in Bath, U.K., had their energy consumption monitored over a 9-month period and compared (weather-corrected) to the previous year's consumption. Participants (with the exception of the control group) received feedback in various forms, i.e. consumption compared to previous consumption or to similar others; energy saving tips in leaflets or on a computer; or feedback relating

  17. Wind energy: A renewable energy option

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zimmerman, J. S.

    1977-01-01

    Wind turbine generator research programs administered by the Energy Research and Development Administration are examined. The design and operation of turbine demonstration models are described. Wind assessments were made to determine the feasibility of using wind generated power for various parts of the country.

  18. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy: a background text. [Includes glossary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    Some of the most common forms of renewable energy are presented in this textbook for students. The topics include solar energy, wind power hydroelectric power, biomass ocean thermal energy, and tidal and geothermal energy. The main emphasis of the text is on the sun and the solar energy that it yields. Discussions on the sun's composition and the relationship between the earth, sun and atmosphere are provided. Insolation, active and passive solar systems, and solar collectors are the subtopics included under solar energy. (BCS)

  19. Renewable energy: energy from agricultural products

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-06-01

    This study discusses major issues concerning fuels derived from agricultural products. Agricultural products, particularly sugarcane and corn, are currently meeting major energy needs in Florida. Recent figures indicate that about 10% of the gasoline sold in Florida is ethanol enriched. This gasohol contains a 10% mix of ethanol, which is generally produced from corn or sugarcane molasses. Sugarcane residues (bagasse) also supply most of the fuel to power Florida's large sugar processing industry. These products have the potential to play an expanded role in Florida's energy future. Principle areas of interest are: Growing crops such as napier grass or harvesting water hyacinths to produce methane that can be substituted for natural gas; expanded use of sugar, starch, and industrial and agricultural wastes as raw materials for ethanol production; improved efficiency in conversion processes such as anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of Florida plays a leading national role in energy crops research, while Walt Disney World is using a demonstration project to convert water hyacinths into methane. Increased use of fuels produced from agricultural products depends largely on their costs compared to other fuels. Ethanol is currently attractive because of federal and state tax incentives. The growth potential of ethanol and methane is enhanced by the ease with which they can be blended with fossil fuels and thereby utilize the current energy distribution system. Neither ethanol nor methane appear able to compete in the free market for mass distribution at present, although studies indicate that genetic engineering and more efficient conversion processes may lower prices to cost effective levels. These fuels will be most cost effective in cases where waste products are utilized and the fuel is used close to the site of production.

  20. Renewable energy: energy from agricultural products

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-06-01

    This report discusses the major issues concerning fuels derived from agricultural products. Agricultural products, particularly sugarcane and corn, are currently meeting major energy needs in Florida. Recent figures indicate that about 10 percent of the gasoline sold in Florida is ethanol enriched. This gasohol contains a 10 percent mix of ethanol, which is generally produced from corn or sugarcane molasses. Sugarcane residues (bagasse) also supply most of the fuel to power Florida's large sugar processing industry. These products have the potential to play an expanded role in Florida's energy future. Principle areas of interest are: growing crops such as napier grass or harvesting water hyacinths to produce methane that can be substituted for natural gas; expanded use of sugar, starch, and industrial and agricultural wastes as raw materials for ethanol production; and improved efficiency in conversion processes such as anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of Florida plays a leading national role in energy crops research, while Walt Disney World is using a demonstration project to convert water hyacinths into methane. Increased use of fuels produced from agricultural products depends largely on their costs compared to other fuels. Ethanol is currently attractive because of federal and state tax incentives. The growth potential of ethanol and methane is enhanced by the ease with which they can be blended with fossil fuels and thereby utilize the current energy distribution system. Neither ethanol nor methane appear able to compete in the free market for mass distribution at present, although studies indicate that genetic engineering and more efficient conversion processes may lower prices to cost effective levels. These fuels will be most cost effective in cases where waste products are utilized and the fuel is used close to the site of production.

  1. Renewable energy technologies and its adaptation in an urban environment

    SciTech Connect

    Thampi, K. Ravindranathan, E-mail: ravindranathan.thampi@ucd.ie; Byrne, Owen, E-mail: ravindranathan.thampi@ucd.ie; Surolia, Praveen K., E-mail: ravindranathan.thampi@ucd.ie [SFI Strategic Research Cluster in Solar Energy Conversion, School of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)

    2014-01-28

    This general article is based on the inaugural talk delivered at the opening of OMTAT 2013 conference. It notes that the integration of renewable energy sources into living and transport sectors presents a daunting task, still. In spite of the fact that the earth and its atmosphere continually receive 1.7 × 10{sup 17} watts of radiation from the sun, in the portfolio of sustainable and environment friendly energy options, which is about 16% of the world’s energy consumption and mostly met by biomass, only a paltry 0.04% is accredited to solar. First and second generation solar cells offer mature technologies for applications. The most important difficulty with regards to integration with structures is not only the additional cost, but also the lack of sufficient knowledge in managing the available energy smartly and efficiently. The incorporation of PV as a part of building fabric greatly reduces the overall costs compared with retrofitting. BIPV (Building Integrated photovoltaic) is a critical technology for establishing aesthetically pleasing solar structures. Infusing PV and building elements is greatly simplified with some of the second generation thin film technologies now manufactured as flexible panels. The same holds true for 3{sup rd} generation technologies under development such as, and dye- and quantum dot- sensitized solar cells. Additionally, these technologies offer transparent or translucent solar cells for incorporation into windows and skylights. This review deals with the present state of solar cell technologies suitable for BIPV and the status of BIPV applications and its future prospects.

  2. California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program Advisory by the Energy Commission. Under the Program, the following shall be eligible for funding: 3 · Alternative, Statutes of 2007) created the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (hereinafter

  3. Renewable Energy for Rural Sustainability in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alazraque-Cherni, Judith

    2008-01-01

    This article establishes the benefits of applying renewable energy and analyzes the main difficulties that have stood in the way of more widely successful renewable energy for rural areas in the developing world and discusses why outcomes from these technologies fall short. Although there is substantial recognition of technological, economic,…

  4. Recent progress in offshore renewable energy technology development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony T. Jones; Adam Westwood

    2005-01-01

    International treaties related to climate control have triggered a resurgence in development of renewable ocean energy technologies. Several demonstration projects in tidal power are scheduled to capture the tidal-generated coastal currents. Commercial-scale wave power stations exist and are delivering power to national grids. Offshore wind farms are delivering energy to shore. As government policies shift towards inclusion of renewable sources,

  5. Status report on renewable energy in the States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Swezey; K. Sinclair

    1992-01-01

    As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2)

  6. Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards

    E-print Network

    Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards for Electricity, Cambridge Building E19, Room 411 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Access: Phone: +1.617. 253.7492 Fax on recycled paper #12;Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards

  7. Renewable Energy Assessment for the Bureau of Reclamation

    SciTech Connect

    Haase, S.; Burman, K.; Dahle, D.; Heimiller, D.; Van Geet, O.

    2012-05-01

    Report summarizes the results of an assessment and analysis of renewable energy opportunities conducted for the U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Report contains results from utility scale analysis and site visits, as well as facility scale screening and site visits.

  8. Renewable energy and the Fallacy of 'green' jobs

    SciTech Connect

    Lesser, Jonathan A.

    2010-08-15

    As the United States economy continues to struggle, many politicians and energy regulators have adopted a ''green jobs'' mantra. They espouse the view that policies mandating renewable resources will provide both environmental and economic salvation. Quite simply, forcing consumers to buy high-cost electricity from subsidized renewable energy producers will not and cannot improve economic well-being. (author)

  9. Renewable Energy Financing: The Role of Policy and Economics (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Cory, K.

    2008-03-27

    Renewable portfolio standards (RPS) have rapidly developed momentum in certain sections of the United States and throughout the world, primarily in response to climate and energy security concerns. This presentation at the RPS Symposium, sponsored by the Electric Utility Consultants Inc., will discuss renewable energy financing and the economics of such policies.

  10. Renewable Energy Assessment for the Bureau of Reclamation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Haase; K. Burman; D. Dahle; D. Heimiller; O. Van Geet

    2012-01-01

    Report summarizes the results of an assessment and analysis of renewable energy opportunities conducted for the U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Report contains results from utility scale analysis and site visits, as well as facility scale screening and site visits.

  11. Water shortage and renewable energies (RE) desalination — possible technological applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Belessiotis; E. Delyannis

    2001-01-01

    Nowadays an oil crisis is going on. The impact of rising fuel prices of all energy sources, except renewable ones is destructive. It is an opportunity and a challenge to promote renewable energies by application of the existing technology and simultaneously by intensive research to lower costs and improve technology for more compact installations, less expensive materials and longer life.

  12. Renewable Energy Permitting Barriers in Hawaii: Experience from the Field

    SciTech Connect

    Busche, S.; Donnelly, C.; Atkins, D.; Fields, R.; Black, C.

    2013-03-01

    This white paper presents a summary of the solicited input from permitting agencies and renewable energy developers on the permitting process in Hawaii to provide stakeholders in Hawaii, particularly those involved in permitting, with information on current permitting barriers that renewable energy developers are experiencing.

  13. Adapting California's energy markets to growth in renewable resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James E. Price; Anjali Sheffrin

    2010-01-01

    Electric power generation is the second-largest category of greenhouse gas emissions in California, next to transportation. California's administration, legislature, and energy regulators have adopted aggressive targets for renewable energy due to heavy reliance on natural gas as a fuel for electric generation, which will result in profound changes in markets and system operations. The growth of renewable in-state generation involves

  14. Energy Consumption of Actively Beating Flagella

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Daniel; Nicastro, Daniela; Dogic, Zvonimir

    2012-02-01

    Motile cilia and flagella are important for propelling cells or driving fluid over tissues. The microtubule-based core in these organelles, the axoneme, has a nearly universal ``9+2'' arrangement of 9 outer doublet microtubules assembled around two singlet microtubules in the center. Thousands of molecular motor proteins are attached to the doublets and walk on neighboring outer doublets. The motors convert the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis into sliding motion between adjacent doublet microtubules, resulting in precisely regulated oscillatory beating. Using demembranated sea urchin sperm flagella as an experimental platform, we simultaneously monitor the axoneme's consumption of ATP and its beating dynamics while key parameters, such as solution viscosity and ATP concentration, are varied. Insights into motor cooperativity during beating and energetic consequences of hydrodynamic interactions will be presented.

  15. RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project

    SciTech Connect

    Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

    2004-01-29

    This is the sixth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period from October 1, 2003 through December 31, 2003. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. In coordination with the DOE, IEUA has revised the original Cooperative Agreement to reflect the actual and current project scope of work. The original Agreement statement of work (SOW) included conceptual and preliminary equipment and systems, which were further evaluated for feasibility and suitability for the project. As a result, some of the equipment was taken out of the project scope. In response to questions from the DOE, IEUA has submitted a summary report on the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) secondary power generation units for availability and suitability for this project and associated safety concerns pointed out by the DOE. IEUA has awarded the consulting engineering contract to Parsons Water and Infrastructure, Inc. to provide the project's design and construction services. The project's pre-design kickoff meeting was held at IEUA's headquarters on December 11, 2003. IEUA has submitted a proposal for a grant offered by California Energy Commission (CEC) which if awarded to IEUA, will add value to this project. IEUA has finalized and signed the agreement with Stirling Energy Systems (SES) to host a 25 kW Stirling Engine at the RP-5 plant site for reliability and performance testing using digester and natural gas. As a result of further evaluation of the flexible microturbine system, IEUA has decided to take it out of the project's scope of work; however, it may be considered in future projects at other locations. IEUA has installed a 60 kW Photovoltaic (PV) power generation system on the roof of the new headquarters building. A matching funds update is also included in the Results and Discussion section. The update presents the work effort performed by CH2M Hill, the PIER Consultant, and the associated costs that serve as matching funds for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project during this report period.

  16. NREL's Renewable Energy Development Expertise Reduces Project Risks (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-12-01

    This National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) success story fact sheet highlights a June 2012 solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. The fact sheet describes how technical assistance from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory enabled the U.S. Virgin Islands to realistically assess its clean energy resources and identify the most viable and cost-effective solutions to its energy challenges--resulting in a $65 million investment in solar energy in the territory.

  17. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for earth science

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A teaching manual is provided to aid teachers in introducing renewable energy topics to earth science students. The main emphasis is placed on solar energy. Activities for the student include a study of the greenhouse effect, solar gain for home heating, measuring solar radiation, and the construction of a model solar still to obtain fresh water. Instructions for the construction of apparatus to demonstrate a solar still, the greenhouse effect and measurement of the altitude and azimuth of the sun are included. (BCS)

  18. On the Dynamics of Energy Consumption and Employment in Illinois

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James E. Payne

    2009-01-01

    This short empirical study utilizes U.S. annual data from 1976 to 2006 to examine the causal relationship between energy consumption and employment in Illinois within a multi- variate framework. The Toda-Yamamoto long-run causality tests reveal unidirectional causal- ity from energy consumption to employment supportive of the growth hypothesis. However, the importance of energy consumption in economic activity should not overshadow

  19. Global Climate Change and Human Behavior: Decreasing Energy Consumption

    E-print Network

    Attari, Shahzeen Z.

    Global Climate Change and Human Behavior: Decreasing Energy Consumption Shahzeen Z. Attari...................................................................................................... 13 1.2 CHALLENGES TO BEHAVIOR CHANGE BEHAVIOR ............................... 18 2.1 ABSTRACT

  20. The Role of the Green Party in Germany's Renewable Energy Policy

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    The Role of the Green Party in Germany's Renewable Energy Policy A Healthy Serving of Greens power, increasing reliance on renewable energy Renewable Energy Sources Act of 2000 and 2004 -provided, increasing renewable profitability #12;Green Party Development vs. Renewable Energy Policy Advancement Green

  1. Advanced Mechanisms for the Promotion of Renewable Energy: Models for the Future Evolution of the German Renewable Energy Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ole Langniß; Jochen Diekmann; Ulrike Lehr

    2008-01-01

    The German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) has been very successful in promoting the deployment of wind power plants and other renewable energy power generating technologies in Germany. The increasing share of EEG-power in the generation portfolio, increasing amounts of fluctuating power generation, and the growing European integration of power markets governed by competition calls for a re-design of the EEG.

  2. Decomposition Analysis of Sectoral Energy Consumption in Turkey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Yilmaz; M. Atak

    2010-01-01

    In this article, analysis of the sectoral energy consumption values is presented over the years 1980–2005 for Turkey. As a basis for the article, four main sectors (agriculture, service, transportation and industry) are considered. Change in sectoral energy consumption is analyzed using the decomposition method for three factors (output effect, energy intensity effect, structural effect) and computing all various combinations

  3. Modeling energy consumption in cellular networks L. Decreusefond

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    . For the development of cellular communications in emerging countries, it is necessary to be as energy conservativeModeling energy consumption in cellular networks L. Decreusefond Telecom Paristech, LTCI Paris Abstract--In this paper we present a new analysis of energy consumption in cellular networks. We focus

  4. Renewable Energy Opportunties at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

    SciTech Connect

    Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Horner, Jacob A.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Nesse, Ronald J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2010-05-31

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Dugway Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment.

  5. Transient electrolyser response in a renewable-regenerative energy system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Bergen; L. Pitt; A. Rowe; P. Wild; N. Djilali

    2009-01-01

    In a renewable-regenerative electrolyser\\/fuel-cell system, the electrolyser performs the critical function of converting excess renewable input energy into hydrogen. Electrolyser operation on time scales and duty cycles that are relevant to common renewable resources (e.g., wind and solar) were probed using an experimental residential-scale system. Experimental results indicate that the electrolyser's transient characteristics have a significant impact on the efficiency

  6. Energy consumption and related CO 2 emissions in five Latin American countries: Changes from 1990 to 2006 and perspectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudia Sheinbaum; Belizza J. Ruíz; Leticia Ozawa

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the primary energy consumption and energy-related CO2 emissions in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela during the period 1990–2006. It also reviews important reforms in the energy sector of these countries as well as the promotion of energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy sources (RES). Using a decomposition analysis, results indicate that even though significant reductions in

  7. Overview of United Nations activities in the development and application of renewable sources of energy

    SciTech Connect

    Mak, K.N.; Gururaja, J.; Shearer, W. [United Nations, New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Development Support and Management Services

    1996-12-31

    Energy continues to be a major constraint in achieving socio-economic growth in developing countries. Recent studies indicate that current patterns of energy consumption and anticipated growth of demand in developing countries risk becoming unsustainable in the long run and hence countries need to focus on sustainable energy strategies that do not impair their development goals. While the important role renewable sources of energy are destined to play in sustainable development strategies is well recognized by nearly all nations, the development and application of these sources on a wide scale face formidable technical, economic and social challenges. Major national and international efforts are needed to expand the use of renewable energy in order to ensure that future energy systems are sustainable from an environmental perspective. Such efforts are especially needed in building the requisite institutional capacity, decentralized infrastructure, human resource capabilities, technological and production capabilities and above all an enabling environment. The renewable energy development effort will have to assume a sufficient scale and magnitude if it is to serve as an instrument of economic growth and social progress. The United Nations system is well positioned to make an important contribution to developing the strategies needed for this effort and to assisting the developing countries in implementing them. This paper presents recent highlights of the United Nations work in the field of renewable sources of energy and suggests specific initiatives that could be taken to increase the future impact of these energy sources.

  8. Energy Consumption in an Empty House!

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of electrical consumption of appliances when not in use and consider the total consumption in kilowatt-hours (kWh), associated cost and their own consumption when appliances are in "instant-on" or "stand-by" mode. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

  9. 77 FR 61633 - Information Collection: Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing Facilities on the Outer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-10

    ...1010-0176] Information Collection: Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing...in the regulations under ``Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing...Title: 30 CFR Part 585, Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of...

  10. 77 FR 74512 - Interim Policy Leasing for Renewable Energy Data Collection Facility on the Outer Continental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-14

    ...Interim Policy Leasing for Renewable Energy Data Collection Facility on...Michelle Morin, BOEM Office of Renewable Energy Programs, 381 Elden Street...issue limited leases authorizing renewable energy resource assessment, data...

  11. 77 FR 24734 - Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Renewable Energy Program Leasing for Marine Hydrokinetic Technology...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ...Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Renewable Energy Program Leasing for Marine Hydrokinetic...http://www.boem.gov/Renewable-Energy-Program/State-Activities...Michelle Morin, BOEM Office of Renewable Energy Programs, 381 Elden...

  12. 75 FR 43519 - Parker-Davis Project; Transmission Capacity for Renewable Energy Between Electrical District No...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-26

    ...Transmission Capacity for Renewable Energy Between Electrical District...the purpose of transmitting renewable energy. Specifically, Western is...entities looking to transfer renewable energy from the area south of...

  13. 78 FR 13695 - Information Collection: Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing Facilities on the Outer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ...1010-0176] Information Collection: Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing...in the regulations under ``Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of Existing...1010-0176. Title: 30 CFR 585, Renewable Energy and Alternate Uses of...

  14. 76 FR 45606 - Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat Conservation Plan and Possible Land Use Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-29

    ...80221-1112-80221-F2] Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan, Habitat...amended, for the proposed Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan (DRECP...NEPA for the proposed Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan...

  15. The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC) is CTI's platform for collaboration with industry and

    E-print Network

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    Purpose The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC) is CTI's platform Development & Training · Environmental Technology · Water Management Conservation & Renewable Energy Solutions http://collaboratory.asu.edu The Conservation & Renewable Energy Collaboratory (CREC

  16. Economics of renewable and nonrenewable energy sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Canavan

    1991-01-01

    Nonrenewable sources are subject to intertemporal optimization. Electrical and renewable sources, which are exogenous, can be integrated and treated on nonrenewable sources. For typical conditions, the model predicts that prices will increase and flows will fall more abruptly than is generally expected. These trends are exacerbated by limits on renewable sources. Predicted price trajectories should permit the introduction of alternative

  17. Tropical grasses as a renewable energy source

    SciTech Connect

    Samuels, G.; Alexander, A.G.; Rios, C.; Garcia, M.

    1983-01-01

    Agronomists, evaluating tropical grasses from Saccharum and allied genera as potential renewable energy sources for boiler fuel and alcohol, emphasized (1) maximizing sugar cane's total biomass rather than sucrose production, (2) utilizing alternative tropical grasses during sugar cane's offseason for year-round fuel production, and (3) mechanizing production technologies for fibrous, thin-stemmed tropical grasses that are to be managed as solar-dried fuels and feedstocks. Based on the time required to maximize their dry matter yields, three categories of grasses have emerged as potential energy crops: short rotation (2-3 months) with Sordan 70A (a sorghum/sudan grass hybrid), intermediate rotation (4-6 months) with napier grass, and long rotation (12-18 months) with sugar cane. Total oven-dried matter is 50 tons/acre-yr (114 metric tons /hectare-yr) for sugar cane, 33 tons (74 metric tons) from napier grass harvested at 6-month intervals, and 21 tons (47 metric tons) from Sordan 70A harvested every 14 weeks.

  18. Renewable Energy Program Development Study and Dacum Report

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this study from Shoreline Community College on developing renewable energy programs. In addition to discussing renewable energy education, the report reviews national solar energy curricula. In depth information about curriculum development is also included. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  19. Energy consumption of personal computer workstations

    SciTech Connect

    Szydlowski, R.

    1995-12-01

    An important question for consideration is, {open_quotes}Are office equipment plug loads increasing?{close_quotes} Data taken by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in May 1990 from the Forrestal Building, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) headquarters in Washington, DC, are desegregated by end use including: plug loads, lights, HVAC, large dedicated computers, and elevators. This study was repeated in November 1993, and there was a 3.8%/yr increase in plug loads in a building of approximately 1.75 million sq ft. Subsequent to this measurement, the plug loads were measured continuously by PNL over a 10-month period from November 1993 through September 1994, and the results showed another increase of 3.9%, nearly the same increase as in the previous three years. The energy use of personal computers (PCs) was measured by setting up a mobile outlet module (MOM), a replacement for a strip outlet, with current transformers (CTs) and potential transformers. The MOM was connected to a set of dataloggers, allowing for the monitoring of up to four PCs at a time. The PCs were plugged in through the MOM to a C180 datalogger, the data collected to a laptop, and the individual 24-hour profiles were then reduced to a standard profile. About 200 workstations were studied, including the PC, monitor, printer, modem, external disk drives, and CAD systems with their own peripherals. Also monitored were an additional collection of printers, photocopiers, facsimile machines, and monitor controllers. The end result was a set of profiles for energy use during working hours for five different buildings. There was a wide variation in these profiles from daytime to nighttime, since 16 to 35% of the computers remain on at night. Therefore, the needs for computers left on at night vary, along with the attitudes of people. Another area of energy consumption concern is the type of PC, such as IBM- or Macintosh-compatible, and there are many different kinds of workstations.

  20. Trends in power electronics and control of renewable energy systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Blaabjerg; F. Iov; T. Kerekes; R. Teodorescu

    2010-01-01

    The electrical energy consumption continues to grow and more applications will be based on electricity in the next decades. We can expect that more 60 % of all energy consumption will be converted and used as electricity. It is a demand that production, distribution and use of electrical energy are done as efficient as possible. Further, emerging climate changes argues

  1. The Contribution of Renewable Energies to a Sustainable Energy Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Müller-Steinhagen; J. Nitsch

    2005-01-01

    ince the beginning of industrialization, energy consumption has increased considerably more rapidly than the world population. In addition to the limited resources, exhaust gases resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels have adverse effects on the world climate and the health of its population. Sustainable and socially acceptable develop- ment is, therefore, only possible if more rational and technologically advanced

  2. Energy Storage Applications in Power Systems with Renewable Energy Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghofrani, Mahmoud

    In this dissertation, we propose new operational and planning methodologies for power systems with renewable energy sources. A probabilistic optimal power flow (POPF) is developed to model wind power variations and evaluate the power system operation with intermittent renewable energy generation. The methodology is used to calculate the operating and ramping reserves that are required to compensate for power system uncertainties. Distributed wind generation is introduced as an operational scheme to take advantage of the spatial diversity of renewable energy resources and reduce wind power fluctuations using low or uncorrelated wind farms. The POPF is demonstrated using the IEEE 24-bus system where the proposed operational scheme reduces the operating and ramping reserve requirements and operation and congestion cost of the system as compared to operational practices available in the literature. A stochastic operational-planning framework is also proposed to adequately size, optimally place and schedule storage units within power systems with high wind penetrations. The method is used for different applications of energy storage systems for renewable energy integration. These applications include market-based opportunities such as renewable energy time-shift, renewable capacity firming, and transmission and distribution upgrade deferral in the form of revenue or reduced cost and storage-related societal benefits such as integration of more renewables, reduced emissions and improved utilization of grid assets. A power-pool model which incorporates the one-sided auction market into POPF is developed. The model considers storage units as market participants submitting hourly price bids in the form of marginal costs. This provides an accurate market-clearing process as compared to the 'price-taker' analysis available in the literature where the effects of large-scale storage units on the market-clearing prices are neglected. Different case studies are provided to demonstrate our operational-planning framework and economic justification for different storage applications. A new reliability model is proposed for security and adequacy assessment of power networks containing renewable resources and energy storage systems. The proposed model is used in combination with the operational-planning framework to enhance the reliability and operability of wind integration. The proposed framework optimally utilizes the storage capacity for reliability applications of wind integration. This is essential for justification of storage deployment within regulated utilities where the absence of market opportunities limits the economic advantage of storage technologies over gas-fired generators. A control strategy is also proposed to achieve the maximum reliability using energy storage systems. A cost-benefit analysis compares storage technologies and conventional alternatives to reliably and efficiently integrate different wind penetrations and determines the most economical design. Our simulation results demonstrate the necessity of optimal storage placement for different wind applications. This dissertation also proposes a new stochastic framework to optimally charge and discharge electric vehicles (EVs) to mitigate the effects of wind power uncertainties. Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) service for hedging against wind power imbalances is introduced as a novel application for EVs. This application enhances the predictability of wind power and reduces the power imbalances between the scheduled output and actual power. An Auto Regressive Moving Average (ARMA) wind speed model is developed to forecast the wind power output. Driving patterns of EVs are stochastically modeled and the EVs are clustered in the fleets of similar daily driving patterns. Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) simulates the system behavior by generating samples of system states using the wind ARMA model and EVs driving patterns. A Genetic Algorithm (GA) is used in combination with MCS to optimally coordinate the EV fleets for their V2G services and minimize the penalty cost associated wit

  3. Time to stop experimenting with UK renewable energy policy

    E-print Network

    Evolving solutions and emerging pragmatism ­ UK policy changes since 2006 ............... 13 Impeding measures to promote the development of renewable energy technologies. It is focused upon technologies to technologies that do not produce electricity (such as those that directly produce renewable heat) and for other

  4. Renewable Energy Opportunities at the Kanto Installations, Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy E. Solana; Jacob A. Horner; Bryan J. Russo; Willy J. Gorrissen; Angela R. Kora; Mark R. Weimar; James R. Hand; Alice C. Orrell; Jennifer L. Williamson

    2010-01-01

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource development potential at the U.S. Army installations in the Kanto region in Japan, which includes Camp Zama, Yokohama North Dock, Sagamihara Family Housing Area (SFHA), Sagami General Depot, and Akasaka Press Center. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for

  5. Evaluating Policies to Increase Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Schmalensee

    2012-01-01

    Building on a review of experience in the United States and the European Union, this article advances four main propositions concerning policies aimed at increasing electricity generation from renewable energy. First, who bears the short-run costs of programs to subsidize the generation of electricity from renewable sources varies with the organization of the electric power industry, and this variation may

  6. Feasibility of Electric Cars Powered by Renewable Energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew William Brunskill

    As concerns grow regarding the ever increasing use of fossil fuels, interest in vehicles powered by alternative energy sources continues to develop. This study investigates the feasibility of charging electric cars in Ontario, Canada with electricity generated from renewable sources. Two main implementation methods are considered and analyzed, including charging electric cars directly from a grid with an enhanced renewable

  7. Framework for State-Level Renewable Energy Market Potential Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Kreycik; Laura Vimmerstedt; Elizabeth Doris

    2010-01-01

    State-level policymakers are relying on estimates of the market potential for renewable energy resources as they set goals and develop policies to accelerate the development of these resources. Therefore, accuracy of such estimates should be understood and possibly improved to appropriately support these decisions. This document provides a framework and next steps for state officials who require estimates of renewable

  8. Renewable energy recovery through selected industrial wastes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Pengchong

    Typically, industrial waste treatment costs a large amount of capital, and creates environmental concerns as well. A sound alternative for treating these industrial wastes is anaerobic digestion. This technique reduces environmental pollution, and recovers renewable energy from the organic fraction of those selected industrial wastes, mostly in the form of biogas (methane). By applying anaerobic technique, selected industrial wastes could be converted from cash negative materials into economic energy feed stocks. In this study, three kinds of industrial wastes (paper mill wastes, brown grease, and corn-ethanol thin stillage) were selected, their performance in the anaerobic digestion system was studied and their applicability was investigated as well. A pilot-scale system, including anaerobic section (homogenization, pre-digestion, and anaerobic digestion) and aerobic section (activated sludge) was applied to the selected waste streams. The investigation of selected waste streams was in a gradually progressive order. For paper mill effluents, since those effluents contain a large amount of recalcitrant or toxic compounds, the anaerobic-aerobic system was used to check its treatability, including organic removal efficiency, substrate utilization rate, and methane yield. The results showed the selected effluents were anaerobically treatable. For brown grease, as it is already well known as a treatable substrate, a high rate anaerobic digester were applied to check the economic effect of this substrate, including methane yield and substrate utilization rate. These data from pilot-scale experiment have the potential to be applied to full-scale plant. For thin stillage, anaerobic digestion system has been incorporated to the traditional ethanol making process as a gate-to-gate process. The performance of anaerobic digester was applied to the gate-to-gate life-cycle analysis to estimate the energy saving and industrial cost saving in a typical ethanol plant.

  9. Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from COMESA Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nondo Chali; Mulugeta S. Kahsai

    2009-01-01

    This study applies panel data techniques to investigate the long-run relationship between energy consumption and GDP for a panel of 19 African countries (COMESA) based on annual data for the period 1980-2005. In the first step, we examine the degree of integration between GDP and energy consumption by employing three panel unit root tests and find that the variables are

  10. Psychological strategies to reduce energy consumption: first annual progress report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Seligman; J. M. Darley; L. J. Becker

    1976-01-01

    A multidisciplinary program composed of a mix of physical and social scientists is studying the behavior of occupants as well as the engineering aspects of household energy consumption. A study of the Twin Rivers, New Jersey area examined and tested psychological strategies for helping people achieve significant reductions in their residential energy consumption. The results show that homeowners are motivated

  11. Energy Consumption Forecasting of Iran Using Recurrent Neural Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Avami; M. Boroushaki

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a recurrent neural network model is developed in order to forecast the energy consumption as a complex nonlinear function of gross domestic product (GDP) and population in Iran. This intelligent model is trained by total energy consumption data as output and the population and GDP as inputs during 1976–2001, while 5 annual data points of the following

  12. Causality between economic growth and energy consumption in Croatia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomislav Gelo

    2009-01-01

    The main goal of the paper is to investigate relation between economic development and energy consumption in Croatia. This paper examines the casual relationship, using Granger test, between gross domestic products (GDP) and total primary energy consumption in Croatia. Analyzed period is from 1953 to 2005. In the paper vector auto-regression model (VAR), Granger causality test and unit root test

  13. Computer simulation of supermarket energy consumption and energy savings opportunities

    SciTech Connect

    Hutchins, P.

    1995-06-01

    A computer simulation of the supermarket, a complex, energy-using facility was accomplished using DOE-2.1, Version E. DOE-2 is a nationally recognized building energy use simulation tool that performs hourly calculations to develop heating and cooling loads, energy consumption and utility costs. DOE-2 was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in Berkeley, California. It may be the only commercially available program that can model the complex supermarket energy use systems. The DOE-2 simulation shows good agreement with the actual supermarket energy use and costs. Several energy conservation opportunities (ECOs) were also simulated to develop energy and cost savings. Implementation costs were estimated and simple paybacks calculated to determine the cost effectiveness of each ECO. The baseline store model was then modeled with all recommended ECOs to account for the synergistic effects. The results show achievable savings and associated implementation costs.

  14. Economics of renewable and nonrenewable energy sources

    SciTech Connect

    Canavan, G.H.

    1991-05-01

    Nonrenewable sources are subject to intertemporal optimization. Electrical and renewable sources, which are exogenous, can be integrated and treated on nonrenewable sources. For typical conditions, the model predicts that prices will increase and flows will fall more abruptly than is generally expected. These trends are exacerbated by limits on renewable sources. Predicted price trajectories should permit the introduction of alternative fuels if available, but their late introduction could be costly. Greater imports do not appear likely or appropriate. 17 refs., 24 figs.

  15. Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Porter, K.

    2002-05-01

    This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO (NYISO)-were examined to determine the impact on intermittent renewable energy projects such as wind energy generators. Also, a more general look was taken at how biomass power may fare in RTOs, specifically whether these technologies can participate in ancillary service markets. Lastly, an assessment was made regarding the implications for renewable energy technologies of a Northeast-wide RTO that would combine the three existing Northeast ISOs (the aforementioned PJM and NYISOs, as well as ISO New England).

  16. Advanced mechanisms for the promotion of renewable energy—Models for the future evolution of the German Renewable Energy Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ole Langniß; Jochen Diekmann; Ulrike Lehr

    2009-01-01

    The German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) has been very successful in promoting the deployment of renewable electricity technologies in Germany. The increasing share of EEG power in the generation portfolio, increasing amounts of fluctuating power generation, and the growing European integration of power markets governed by competition calls for a re-design of the EEG. In particular, a more efficient system

  17. Analysis on the development strategy of beijing's renewable energy industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaoyu Li; Mingyu Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Due to the warning of energy crisis and the claim for energy saving in China, it is widely accepted that China should take the intensive utilization of energy as a precondition, making best use of all kinds of renewable clean energies. By analyzing the conditions and characteristics of energies in Beijing, this paper advances the strategic objectives and the prospective

  18. Climate, Water and Renewable Energy in the Nordic Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Snorrason; J. F. Jonsdottir

    2004-01-01

    Climate and Energy (CE) is a new Nordic research project with funding from Nordic Energy Research (NEFP) and the Nordic energy sector. The project has the objective of a comprehensive assessment of the impact of climate variability and change on Nordic renewable energy resources including hydropower, wind power, bio-fuels and solar energy. This will include assessment of the power production

  19. Quinault Indian Nation Renewable Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Don Hopps, Institute for Washington's Future; Jesse Nelson, Institute for Washington's Future

    2006-11-28

    The Quinault Indian Nation (Nation) initiated this study on conservation and production of renewable energy because this approach created the opportunity: • To become self-sufficient and gain greater control over the energy the Nation uses; • To generate jobs and businesses for its members; • To better manage, sustain, and protect its resources; • To express the cultural values of the Nation in an important new arena. The Nation has relatively small energy needs. These needs are concentrated at two separate points: the Quinault Beach Resort and Casino (QBRC) and Taholah on the Quinault Indian Reservation (QIR). Except for the town of Queets, energy needs are small and scattered. The needs vary greatly over the season. The small scale, widely dispersed, and variable nature of these needs presents a unique challenge to the Nation. Meeting these needs requires a resource and technology that is flexible, effective, and portable. Conservation is the most cost-effective way to meet any need. It is especially effective in a situation like this where production would leave a high per unit cost. This plan is based on first gaining energy savings through conservation. Major savings are possible through: 1. Upgrading home appliances on the QIR. 2. Weatherizing homes and facilities. 3. Changes in lighting/ventilation in the QBRC pool room. These elements of the plan are already being implemented and promise to save the Nation around a quarter of its present costs. Wood biomass is the best resource available to the QIN for energy production either on-site or for commercial development. It is abundant, flexible and portable. Its harvesting has high job potential and these jobs are a good fit for the present “skill set” of the QIN. This plan focuses on using wood biomass to produce energy and other value-added products. Our study considered various technologies and approaches to using wood for energy. We considered production for both on-site and commercial production. This plan calls for commercial-scale production only, with the QIN being the first “customer” for the product. This plan favors employing the pyrolysis technology to produce bio-oil, heat, and char. We favor this approach and technology because it is the most cost effective way to use the available resource. Its main product, bio-oil, has proven utility for the production of heat and electricity. It has promise for use as an alternative fuel, which is a much higher value than present uses of wood and it meets the QIN need for flexibility, scalability, and portability. Char, the secondary product from the pyrolysis process, has proven value-added uses. In addition to these direct benefits, the use of biomass in pyrolysis technology has significant indirect benefits. These benefits include the fact that the technology is a good fit with the Nation’s cultural values, i.e., environmental protection and the holistic use of a resource. It fits well with current QIN enterprises. For example, char could be processed into a charcoal co-product for QIN fish. Finally, the QIN can become a leader in developing and demonstrating this innovative approach to the use of wood. This plan proposes key organization steps to insure both excellent implementation of the plan and taking the best advantage of the processes and facilities put in place. This plan calls for two new QIN organizations: an energy production/distribution corporation and a community development corporation. The production/distribution corporation can be either a utility or a business enterprise that develops and markets renewable energy. The community development corporation can be a not-for-profit to support the QIN in taking best advantage of its energy opportunities. The production and distribution corporation is the subject of a further business planning effort now underway. This plan envisions a community development corporation that works directly with the Business Committee on research, education, and project development. Specifically, this corporation can seek grant funding to research energy m

  20. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36 of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy

  1. The Analysis and Assessment on Heating Energy Consumption of SAT 

    E-print Network

    Zhang, J.

    2006-01-01

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China HVAC Technologies for Energy Efficiency, Vol. IV-12-7 - 1 - The Analysis and Assessment on Heating Energy Consumption of SAT Jieyan Zhang Service Bureau, Deputy-director, State Administration of Taxation, Senior...

  2. Energy Consumption and Conservation Potential at a Georgia Textile Plant

    E-print Network

    Gurta, M. E.; Brown, M. L.

    prosperity. With energy constituting a major component of variable operating costs, an analysis of energy consumption at a typical integrated mill was formulated. Because the process includes knitting, bleaching, dyeing, and compaction and the knitting area...

  3. Renewability and sustainability aspects of nuclear energy

    SciTech Connect

    ?ahin, Sümer, E-mail: ssahin@atilim.edit.tr [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, ATILIM University, 06836 ?ncek, Gölba??, Ankara (Turkey)

    2014-09-30

    Renewability and sustainability aspects of nuclear energy have been presented on the basis of two different technologies: (1) Conventional nuclear technology; CANDU reactors. (2) Emerging nuclear technology; fusion/fission (hybrid) reactors. Reactor grade (RG) plutonium, {sup 233}U fuels and heavy water moderator have given a good combination with respect to neutron economy so that mixed fuel made of (ThO{sub 2}/RG?PuO{sub 2}) or (ThC/RG-PuC) has lead to very high burn up grades. Five different mixed fuel have been selected for CANDU reactors composed of 4 % RG?PuO{sub 2} + 96 % ThO{sub 2}; 6 % RG?PuO{sub 2} + 94 % ThO{sub 2}; 10 % RG?PuO{sub 2} + 90 % ThO{sub 2}; 20 % RG?PuO{sub 2} + 80 % ThO{sub 2}; 30 % RG?PuO{sub 2} + 70 % ThO{sub 2}, uniformly taken in each fuel rod in a fuel channel. Corresponding operation lifetimes have been found as ? 0.65, 1.1, 1.9, 3.5, and 4.8 years and with burn ups of ? 30 000, 60 000, 100 000, 200 000 and 290 000 MW.d/ton, respectively. Increase of RG?PuO{sub 2} fraction in radial direction for the purpose of power flattening in the CANDU fuel bundle has driven the burn up grade to 580 000 MW.d/ton level. A laser fusion driver power of 500 MW{sub th} has been investigated to burn the minor actinides (MA) out of the nuclear waste of LWRs. MA have been homogenously dispersed as carbide fuel in form of TRISO particles with volume fractions of 0, 2, 3, 4 and 5 % in the Flibe coolant zone in the blanket surrounding the fusion chamber. Tritium breeding for a continuous operation of the fusion reactor is calculated as TBR = 1.134, 1.286, 1.387, 1.52 and 1.67, respectively. Fission reactions in the MA fuel under high energetic fusion neutrons have lead to the multiplication of the fusion energy by a factor of M = 3.3, 4.6, 6.15 and 8.1 with 2, 3, 4 and 5 % TRISO volume fraction at start up, respectively. Alternatively with thorium, the same fusion driver would produce ?160 kg {sup 233}U per year in addition to fission energy production in situ, multiplying the fusion energy by a factor of ?1.3.

  4. Renewability and sustainability aspects of nuclear energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ?ahin, Sümer

    2014-09-01

    Renewability and sustainability aspects of nuclear energy have been presented on the basis of two different technologies: (1) Conventional nuclear technology; CANDU reactors. (2) Emerging nuclear technology; fusion/fission (hybrid) reactors. Reactor grade (RG) plutonium, 233U fuels and heavy water moderator have given a good combination with respect to neutron economy so that mixed fuel made of (ThO2/RG-PuO2) or (ThC/RG-PuC) has lead to very high burn up grades. Five different mixed fuel have been selected for CANDU reactors composed of 4 % RG-PuO2 + 96 % ThO2; 6 % RG-PuO2 + 94 % ThO2; 10 % RG-PuO2 + 90 % ThO2; 20 % RG-PuO2 + 80 % ThO2; 30 % RG-PuO2 + 70 % ThO2, uniformly taken in each fuel rod in a fuel channel. Corresponding operation lifetimes have been found as ˜ 0.65, 1.1, 1.9, 3.5, and 4.8 years and with burn ups of ˜ 30 000, 60 000, 100 000, 200 000 and 290 000 MW.d/ton, respectively. Increase of RG-PuO2 fraction in radial direction for the purpose of power flattening in the CANDU fuel bundle has driven the burn up grade to 580 000 MW.d/ton level. A laser fusion driver power of 500 MWth has been investigated to burn the minor actinides (MA) out of the nuclear waste of LWRs. MA have been homogenously dispersed as carbide fuel in form of TRISO particles with volume fractions of 0, 2, 3, 4 and 5 % in the Flibe coolant zone in the blanket surrounding the fusion chamber. Tritium breeding for a continuous operation of the fusion reactor is calculated as TBR = 1.134, 1.286, 1.387, 1.52 and 1.67, respectively. Fission reactions in the MA fuel under high energetic fusion neutrons have lead to the multiplication of the fusion energy by a factor of M = 3.3, 4.6, 6.15 and 8.1 with 2, 3, 4 and 5 % TRISO volume fraction at start up, respectively. Alternatively with thorium, the same fusion driver would produce ˜160 kg 233U per year in addition to fission energy production in situ, multiplying the fusion energy by a factor of ˜1.3.

  5. 48 CFR 217.175 - Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. 217... 217.175 Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. ...exceed 10 years for the purchase of electricity from sources of renewable...

  6. 48 CFR 217.174 - Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. 217... 217.174 Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. ...exceed 10 years for the purchase of electricity from sources of renewable...

  7. Statistical Approach for Calculating the Energy Consumption by Cell Phones

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shanchen Pang; Zhonglei Yu

    \\u000a Energy consumption by cell phones has great effect on energy crisis. Calculating and optimizing the method of service that\\u000a provided by the cell phone is essential. In our solution, we build up three main models. Transition model reflects the relationship\\u000a between the change of energy and time; next we give the function of energy consumption during the steady state. Optimization

  8. 10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section 451.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4...

  9. 10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section 451.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4...

  10. 10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section 451.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4...

  11. 10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section 451.4 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4...

  12. RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Renewable Energy Center Case study #3: Kern ­ San Joaquin Valley Oil wells: "MidwaySunsetWells" by User* 140 Wind 30 * per 100 sq. miles; CF = 18.9% ** Focused on Geysers geothermal fields #12;California

  13. Focus issue introduction: renewable energy and the environment.

    PubMed

    Seassal, Christian; Koshel, John

    2013-05-01

    This focus issue highlights selected contributions from authors who presented promising concepts at OSA's Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress held 11-15 November 2012 in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. PMID:24104430

  14. Trends in Practitioner Training for the Renewable Energy Trades

    SciTech Connect

    Weissman, Jane M.; Laflin, Kirk

    2006-07-01

    As workforce development becomes more of a critical component for an expanding renewable energy economy, new training opportunities are on the increase for practitioners interested in either getting into the renewable energy trades or upgrading their professional skills. This paper will report on the new trends in training and show how the instruction has become more highly developed. In many cases, curricula are now designed to provide teaching that leads to defined workplace knowledge, skills, and abilities. Private and academic training programs are becoming accredited specifically to renewable energy standards. Community colleges and technical schools are responding to local jobs by offering more and more renewable energy trades courses. And classes are expanding from 3 to 5 day workshops to semester-long courses resulting in one-year certificate and two-year associate degree programs at Community Colleges.

  15. 78 FR 58383 - Renewal of Rail Energy Transportation Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-23

    In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended, 5 U.S.C. app. 2 (FACA), notice is hereby given that the Surface Transportation Board (Board) intends to renew the charter of the Rail Energy Transportation Advisory Committee...

  16. CORECT: Committee On Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  17. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  18. Role of State Policy in Renewable Energy Development

    SciTech Connect

    Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.; McLaren, J.

    2009-07-01

    State policies can support renewable energy development by driving markets, providing certainty in the investment market, and incorporating the external benefits of the technologies into cost/benefit calculations. Using statistical analyses and policy design best practices, this paper quantifies the impact of state-level policies on renewable energy development in order to better understand the role of policy on development and inform policy makers on the policy mechanisms that provide maximum benefit. The results include the identification of connections between state policies and renewable energy development, as well as a discussion placing state policy efforts in context with other factors that influence the development of renewable energy (e.g. federal policy, resource availability, technology cost, public acceptance).

  19. Residential energy consumption: An analysis-of-variance study

    SciTech Connect

    Poyer, D.A.

    1992-01-01

    In this report, tests of statistical significance of five sets of variables with household energy consumption (at the point of end-use) are described. Five models, in sequence, were empirically estimated and tested for statistical significance by using the Residential Energy Consumption Survey of the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. Each model incorporated additional information, embodied in a set of variables not previously specified in the energy demand system. The variable sets were generally labeled as economic variables, weather variables, household-structure variables, end-use variables, and housing-type variables. The tests of statistical significance showed each of the variable sets to be highly significant in explaining the overall variance in energy consumption. The findings imply that the contemporaneous interaction of different types of variables, and not just one exclusive set of variables, determines the level of household energy consumption.

  20. Optimal Energy Consumption Analysis of Natural Gas Pipeline

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Enbin; Li, Changjun; Yang, Yi

    2014-01-01

    There are many compressor stations along long-distance natural gas pipelines. Natural gas can be transported using different boot programs and import pressures, combined with temperature control parameters. Moreover, different transport methods have correspondingly different energy consumptions. At present, the operating parameters of many pipelines are determined empirically by dispatchers, resulting in high energy consumption. This practice does not abide by energy reduction policies. Therefore, based on a full understanding of the actual needs of pipeline companies, we introduce production unit consumption indicators to establish an objective function for achieving the goal of lowering energy consumption. By using a dynamic programming method for solving the model and preparing calculation software, we can ensure that the solution process is quick and efficient. Using established optimization methods, we analyzed the energy savings for the XQ gas pipeline. By optimizing the boot program, the import station pressure, and the temperature parameters, we achieved the optimal energy consumption. By comparison with the measured energy consumption, the pipeline now has the potential to reduce energy consumption by 11 to 16 percent. PMID:24955410

  1. Commissioning & Optimization of On-Site Renewable Energy Systems

    E-print Network

    Gardner, J.C.

    2011-01-01

    Commissioning and Optimization of On-Site Renewable Energy Systems John C. Gardner, PE Solar Design Engineer ONTILITY Houston, Texas, USA ABSTRACT Today, many electrical contractors and photovoltaic (PV) integrators engineer.../current) and converts it to alternating voltage/current), AC disconnect (master disconnect for the system), Renewable Energy Credit Meter (PV production), Utility Point of Connection. COMMISSIONING PROCESS Commissioning begins with a review of the design...

  2. Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2002-01-01

    This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO

  3. Renewable energies heat act and government grants in Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Nast

    2010-01-01

    In Germany renewable energies in the heat market are promoted by the Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG) and by government grants. Ultimately, these two instruments are not only about short-term market success, but rather about the perspectives of climate protection and resource conservation. The focus of this report is therefore on the long-term significance of the current design of government

  4. Energy Consumption Reduction with Low Computational Needs in Multicore Systems with Energy-Performance Tradeoff

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Energy Consumption Reduction with Low Computational Needs in Multicore Systems with Energy rules) in order to decrease the energy consumption. We proposed in a previous paper a robust control of the energy consumption. I. INTRODUCTION An energy-performance tradeoff is required in many em- bedded

  5. Input Substitution and Business Energy Consumption: Evidence from ABS Energy Survey Data

    E-print Network

    1 Input Substitution and Business Energy Consumption: Evidence from ABS Energy Survey Data Kay Cao applies the system of equations approach to energy consumption modelling using the ABS 2008-09 Energy of equations, energy consumption modelling, elasticity of substitution JEL codes: C51, D24 * Please do

  6. A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Technical Report NREL/TP-670A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable-43532 August 2008 Renewable Energy Price-Stability Benefits in Utility Green Power Programs Lori A. Bird

  7. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report.S. Geological Survey). #12;iv This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  8. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36 is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

  9. Indian Renewable Energy Status Report: Background Report for DIREC 2010

    SciTech Connect

    Arora, D. S.; Busche, S.; Cowlin, S.; Engelmeier, T.; Jaritz, J.; Milbrandt, A.; Wang, S.

    2010-10-01

    India has great potential to accelerate use of endowed renewable resources in powering its growing economy with a secure and affordable energy supply. The Government of India recognizes that development of local, renewable resources will be critical to ensure that India is able to meet both economic and environmental objectives and has supported the development of renewable energy through several policy actions. This paper describes the status of renewable energy in India as of DIREC 2010. It begins by describing the institutional framework guiding energy development in India, the main policy drivers impacting energy, and the major policy actions India has taken that impact renewable energy deployment. The paper presents estimates of potential for wind, solar, small hydro, and bioenergy and the deployment of each of these technologies to date in India. The potential for India to meet both large-scale generation needs and provide access to remote, unelectrified populations are covered. Finally, the enabling environment required to facilitate rapid scale of renewables is discussed, including issues of technology transfer and the status of financing in India.

  10. [Relationships between settlement morphology transition and residents commuting energy consumption].

    PubMed

    Zhou, Jian; Xiao, Rong-Bo; Sun, Xiang

    2013-07-01

    Settlement morphology transition is triggered by rapid urbanization and urban expansion, but its relationships with residents commuting energy consumption remains ambiguous. It is of significance to understand the controlling mechanisms of sustainable public management policies on the energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission during the process of urban settlement morphology transition. Taking the Xiamen City of East China as a case, and by using the integrated land use and transportation modeling system TRANUS, a scenario analysis was made to study the effects of urban settlement morphology transition on the urban spatial distribution of population, jobs, and land use, and on the residents commuting energy consumption and greenhouse gasses emission under different scenarios. The results showed that under the Business As Usual (BAU) scenario, the energy consumption of the residents at the morning peak travel time was 54.35 tce, and the CO2 emission was 119.12 t. As compared with those under BAU scenario, both the energy consumption and the CO2 emission under the Transition of Settlement Morphology (TSM) scenario increased by 12%, and, with the implementation of the appropriate policies such as land use, transportation, and economy, the energy consumption and CO2 emission under the Transition of Settlement Morphology with Policies (TSMP) scenario reduced by 7%, indicating that urban public management policies could effectively control the growth of residents commuting energy consumption and greenhouse gases emission during the period of urban settlement morphology transition. PMID:24175530

  11. 77 FR 32621 - Developing Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects at Federal Facilities Using Private Capital Draft

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-01

    ...ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Developing Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects at Federal Facilities Using Private...AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (DOE)....

  12. Optimization of Domestic-Size Renewable Energy System Designs Suitable for Cold Climate Regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akpan, Itoro Etim; Sasaki, Masafumi; Endoh, Noboru

    Five different kinds of domestic-size renewable energy system configurations for very cold climate regions were investigated. From detailed numerical modeling and system simulations, it was found that the consumption of fuel oil for the auxiliary boiler in residential-type households can almost be eliminated with a renewable energy system that incorporates photovoltaic panel arrays for electricity generation and two storage tanks: a well-insulated electric water storage tank that services the hot water loads, and a compact boiler/geothermal heat pump tank for room heating during very cold seasons. A reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) of about 28% was achieved for this system compared to an equivalent conventional system. The near elimination of the use of fuel oil in this system makes it very promising for very cold climate regions in terms of energy savings because the running cost is not so dependent on the unstable nature of global oil prices.

  13. Energy consumption analysis for the Mars deep space station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hayes, N. V.

    1982-01-01

    Results for the energy consumption analysis at the Mars deep space station are presented. It is shown that the major energy consumers are the 64-Meter antenna building and the operations support building. Verification of the antenna's energy consumption is highly dependent on an accurate knowlege of the tracking operations. The importance of a regular maintenance schedule for the watt hour meters installed at the station is indicated.

  14. Renewable sources of energy in the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect

    Catteral, J.A.

    1983-06-01

    The estimated size, and future market possibilities of renewable energy in the UK are reviewed. Assessment of four categories is based on cost effectiveness. Hot Dry Rock technology is in the investigatory stage. Geothermal aquifer use is being demonstrated in the Southhampton Project. Wind energy, already in use in island areas, might contribute to electricity for machines located in offshore shallows. Wave energy, solar energy, biofuels, and tidal energy are also surveyed. A complex set of interactions will determine the scale of introduction of renewable sources into the marketplace. Markets, projected for after the year 2000, are summarized.

  15. Pascua Yaqui Tribe Renewable Energy Development and Deployment Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect

    Arvayo, Maria

    2014-05-30

    In 2012, PYT was awarded a grant from the Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program to conduct a Renewable Energy Development and Deployment Feasibility Study that would define the technical and economic viability of renewable energy on tribal lands. Red Mountain Energy Partners (RMEP) was hired by PYT to complete the study. Through this study, Red Mountain concluded that there are viable opportunities for solar at Tortuga Ranch, the Casino del Sol and a third site near the Justice Center on Camino de Oeste.

  16. The strategic planning process: The future of renewable energy planning: An application to the renewable energy industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gayoso, Romulo W.

    Renewable energy resources (wind, solar, and geothermal energy) became focus of attention in recent years. Even though they exhibit some very desirable characteristics such as low carbon emission and mass appeal, it is also true implementation of renewable energy sources face formidable challenges. This paper will leverage the existing literature and combine it with energy planner perspectives in order to consider feasible ways to overcome key difficulties industry members face in their effort to popularize wind and solar energy alternatives. This study will also leverage specialists' knowledge in order to create a shared vision of success to assist policymakers in their goal to reduce the country's dependency on nonrenewable energy sources.

  17. R E S U M E Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development of Indonesia and Germany

    E-print Network

    Peinke, Joachim

    R E S U M E Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development of Indonesia and Germany (RESDIG is organizing a two-day seminar on renewable energies and a two-day field-trip to some renewable energy projects of Oldenburg ­ UO and Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember ­ ITS on Post Graduate Program in Renewable Energy

  18. Barriers and opportunities of using the clean development mechanism to advance renewable energy development in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qiang Wang; Yong Chen

    2010-01-01

    Studying the barriers and opportunities of using clean development mechanism (CDM) to advance renewable energy deployment in China has a practical significance to achieve its ambitious renewable energy plan which affects the global efforts to curb carbon emission. This paper analyses the role of CDM in promoting renewable energy development in China by reviewing the CDM activities, especially renewable energy

  19. Monitoring and optimization of energy consumption of base transceiver stations

    E-print Network

    Spagnuolo, Antonio; Vetromile, Carmela; Formosi, Roberto; Lubritto, Carmine

    2015-01-01

    The growth and development of the mobile phone network has led to an increased demand for energy by the telecommunications sector, with a noticeable impact on the environment. Monitoring of energy consumption is a great tool for understanding how to better manage this consumption and find the best strategy to adopt in order to maximize reduction of unnecessary usage of electricity. This paper reports on a monitoring campaign performed on six Base Transceiver Stations (BSs) located central Italy, with different technology, typology and technical characteristics. The study focuses on monitoring energy consumption and environmental parameters (temperature, noise, and global radiation), linking energy consumption with the load of telephone traffic and with the air conditioning functions used to cool the transmission equipment. Moreover, using experimental data collected, it is shown, with a Monte Carlo simulation based on power saving features, how the BS monitored could save energy.

  20. International comparisons of domestic energy consumption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michiel de Nooij; René van der Kruk; Daan P. van Soest

    2003-01-01

    Governments of many industrialized countries have committed themselves to substantially reduce their domestic emissions of greenhouse gases. Emission reductions can be achieved through technology- and\\/or sector-specific policies. To decide which part of the economy environmental policy should be concentrated at, insight must be gained into the relative importance of the various factors determining domestic aggregate fossil fuel consumption. By applying

  1. Energy consumption and energy efficiency retrofit potential for government office buildings in Beijing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Cai; Jian Yang; Huang Wang; Jiao Huang

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the energy consumption characteristics of government office buildings in Beijing. Four office buildings were chosen to analyze the energy consumption features and annual energy consumption trends. Energy efficiency potential of government office buildings were analyzed from the six perspectives. The results show that the air conditioning energy consumption was 25.9 kwh\\/m2·a, accounted

  2. Instrumenting Linear Algebra Energy Consumption via On-chip Energy Counters

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Instrumenting Linear Algebra Energy Consumption via On-chip Energy Counters James Demmel Andrew to lists, requires prior specific permission. #12;Instrumenting linear algebra energy consumption via on consumption is still a prevalent and growing problem within the computing sector. To evaluate energy

  3. States Address Air Pollution from Energy through Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-12-01

    This fact sheet highlights how renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies can and are being used to reduce air emissions and meet environmental goals, showcasing case studies and technology-specific topics.

  4. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36

  5. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-print Network

    & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36

  6. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Drum, New York

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Scott A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Solana, Amy E.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Rowley, Steven; Nesse, Ronald J.

    2010-10-20

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Drum, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Drum took place on May 4 and 5, 2010.

  7. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Campbell, Tennessee/Kentucky

    SciTech Connect

    Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Kora, Angela R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

    2011-03-31

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Campbell, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Campbell took place on June 10, 2010.

  8. Quantifying State-Policy Incentives for the Renewable Energy Investor

    SciTech Connect

    Sukumar, Sreenivas R. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shankar, Mallikarjun [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Olama, Mohammed M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hadley, Stanton W. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Protopopescu, Vladimir A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Malinchik, Sergey [Lockheed Martin Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ives, Barry [Lockheed Martin Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we describe an approach to quantifying renewable energy policy for a decision maker/investor. The novelty of the idea lies in the construction of a computational model - a rule-based system - to interpret state incentives and mandates and evaluate the influence of state policies on renewable energy investment. Using this analysis tool, we are able to understand the bias of some states towards certain renewable technologies and also identify profitable markets for investment - both long and short-term. We also demonstrate how our ability to estimate the expected return of a proposed project in the form of tax credits and incentives, can be leveraged while planning to invest on large renewable power generation projects.

  9. Careers in the Renewable Energy and Conservation Professions and Trades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

    Many kinds of jobs can be found in the renewable energy and energy conservation industries. This pamphlet indicates that a large career potential exists within the solar and conservation professions and trades. These careers consist of individuals who design, build, or install solar heating or hot water systems, who implement energy conservation…

  10. Integrated renewable energy solutions for seafood processing stations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Ronde; A. Ranne; E. Pursiheimo

    2010-01-01

    The ENERFISH project aims to demonstrate a new poly-generation application with renewable energy sources for the fishery industry. The distributed energy system utilizes cleaning waste of a fish processing plant to produce biodiesel. The biodiesel is used to produce the locally needed cooling\\/freezing and heating energy. In addition, a power surplus is generated for the electricity network or local industrial

  11. Sustainability by combining nuclear, fossil, and renewable energy sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles W. Forsberg

    2008-01-01

    The energy industries face two sustainability challenges: the need to avoid climate change and the need to replace traditional crude oil as the basis of our transport system. Radical changes in our energy system will be required to meet these challenges. These challenges may require tight coupling of different energy sources (nuclear, fossil, and renewable) to produce liquid fuels for

  12. Prospects for harnessing renewable energy sources in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Ramakumar

    1978-01-01

    Renewable energy sources can provide a viable alternative to supply energy to satisfy the basic needs of life and build up rural economic units that are vital to the stability and well being of developing nations and eventually of the entire world. Judicious utilization of both the human and the energy resources, without the sudden infiltration of advanced technology in

  13. Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ruth; M. Antkowiak; S. Gossett

    2011-01-01

    Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing,

  14. Pueblo of Laguna Utility Authority Renewable Energy Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect

    Carolyn Stewart, Red Mountain Tribal Energy

    2008-03-31

    The project, “Renewable Energy Feasibility Study” was designed to expand upon previous work done by the Tribe in evaluating utility formation, generation development opportunities, examining options for creating self-sufficiency in energy matters, and integrating energy management with the Tribe’s economic development goals. The evaluation of project locations and economic analysis, led to a focus primarily on solar projects.

  15. 10 CFR 434.508 - Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost. 434.508 Section 434.508 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW...

  16. 10 CFR 434.508 - Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost. 434.508 Section 434.508 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW...

  17. 10 CFR 434.508 - Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost. 434.508 Section 434.508 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW...

  18. 10 CFR 434.508 - Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Determination of the design energy consumption and design energy cost. 434.508 Section 434.508 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW...

  19. Forecasting commercial electricity consumption at the Energy Information Administration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. H. Wade; J. A. Holte

    1983-01-01

    The Commercial Sector Energy Model (CSEM) was developed under contract by Brookhaven National Laboratory for the Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The model was developed in the fall of 1982 based primarily on the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS) of EIA. CSEM is used either as the commercial module of the Intermediate Future

  20. Energy consumption and conservation in the Russian apartment building stock

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. W. Opitz; L. K. Norford; Yu. A. Matrosov; I. N. Butovsky

    1997-01-01

    Energy consumption of buildings in Russia and other states of the former Soviet Union has typically been reported in very coarse terms, as annual energy use normalized by weather and floor area. Reported figures, based on estimates derived from available energy-delivery data, have shown that Russian residential buildings consume on the order of twice as much primary energy for space-heating