Note: This page contains sample records for the topic renewable energy consumption from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

2012-12-11

2

A review on the energy production, consumption, and prospect of renewable energy in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is the second largest energy consumer in the world. This paper reviews the production and consumption of traditional and renewable energy in China over the past three decades. It also presents an overview on the research and development of renewable energy, such as solar, biomass, geothermal, ocean and wind energy in China. Study indicated that the usage of renewable

J. Chang; Dennis Y. C. Leung; C. Z. Wu; Z. H. Yuan

2003-01-01

3

Energy Consumption and Renewable Energy Development Potential on Indian Lands  

EIA Publications

Includes information on the electricity use and needs of Indian households and tribes, the comparative electricity rates that Indian households are paying, and the potential for renewable resources development of Indian lands.

Fred Mayes

2000-04-01

4

Impact of Energy Policy Act of 2005 Section 206 Rebates on Consumers and Renewable Energy Consumption, With Projections to 2010  

EIA Publications

The Energy Information Administration (EIA), with the agreement of the Department, interpreted section 206(d) as calling for a listing of the types of renewable fuels available today, and a listing of those that will be available in the future based on the incentives provided in section 206(d). This report provides that information, and also provides information concerning renewable energy equipment and renewable energy consumption.

Information Center

2006-02-01

5

Analysis on the environmental effect of renewable energy consumption by rural residents in daily life in China-from the perspectives of carbon emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy consumption of rural residents involves many aspects such as energy security, environmental effect, the new rural construction and so on. Based on the analysis of the present situation of renewable energy consumption by rural residents in daily life, this paper estimates the carbon emissions of renewable energy consumption by rural residents in daily life from 1998-2007, and evaluates the

Chen Yan; Zhu Yanli

2011-01-01

6

Renewable energy consumption and economic growth in nine OECD countries: bounds test approach and causality analysis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the short-run and long-run causality between renewable energy (RE) consumption and economic growth (EG) in nine OECD countries from the period between 1982 and 2011. To examine the linkage, this paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration test and vector error-correction models to test the causal relationship between variables. The co-integration and causal relationships are found in five countries-United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom (UK). The overall results indicate that (1) a short-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in Italy and UK; (2) long-run unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany, Italy, and UK; (3) a long-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in USA, and Japan; (4) both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany and UK; and (5) Finally, both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from EG to RE in only USA. Further evidence reveals that policies for renewable energy conservation may have no impact on economic growth in France, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain. PMID:24558343

Hung-Pin, Lin

2014-01-01

7

Renewable Energy: Capstone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the culminating activity in the series of lessons on renewable energy. It serves to reinforce the idea that renewable sources of energy are necessary for a sustainable fuure, and to discuss some of the present impacts and potential drawbacks to renewable energy. In the activity, sudents will use online resources to research their present energy consumption and investigate whether it could economically be replaced by renewable sources.

Pratte, John

8

An Integrated Geovisual Analytics Framework for Analysis of Energy Consumption Data and Renewable Energy Potentials  

SciTech Connect

We present an integrated geovisual analytics framework for utility consumers to interactively analyze and benchmark their energy consumption. The framework uses energy and property data already available with the utility companies and county governments respectively. The motivation for the developed framework is the need for citizens to go beyond the conventional utility bills in understanding the patterns in their energy consumption. There is also a need for citizens to go beyond one-time improvements that are often not monitored and measured over time. Some of the features of the framework include the ability for citizens to visualize their historical energy consumption data along with weather data in their location. The quantity of historical energy data available is significantly more than what is available from utility bills. An overlay of the weather data provides users with a visual correlation between weather patterns and their energy consumption patterns. Another feature of the framework is the ability for citizens to compare their consumption on an aggregated basis to that of their peers other citizens living in houses of similar size and age and within the same or different geographical boundaries, such as subdivision, zip code, or county. The users could also compare their consumption to others based on the size of their family and other attributes. This feature could help citizens determine if they are among the best in class . The framework can also be used by the utility companies to better understand their customers and to plan their services. To make the framework easily accessible, it is developed to be compatible with mobile consumer electronics devices.

Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Maness, Christopher S [ORNL; Kramer, Ian S [ORNL; Kodysh, Jeffrey B [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL; Steed, Chad A [ORNL; Karthik, Rajasekar [ORNL; Nugent, Philip J [ORNL; Myers, Aaron T [ORNL

2012-01-01

9

Renewable energy.  

PubMed

The Energy Committee of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has in a series of projects gathered information and knowledge on renewable energy from various sources, both within and outside the academic world. In this article, we synthesize and summarize some of the main points on renewable energy from the various Energy Committee projects and the Committee's Energy 2050 symposium, regarding energy from water and wind, bioenergy, and solar energy. We further summarize the Energy Committee's scenario estimates of future renewable energy contributions to the global energy system, and other presentations given at the Energy 2050 symposium. In general, international coordination and investment in energy research and development is crucial to enable future reliance on renewable energy sources with minimal fossil fuel use. PMID:20873681

Destouni, Georgia; Frank, Harry

2010-01-01

10

Renewable Energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stimulated by recent technological developments and increasing concern over the sustainability and environmental impact of conventional fuel usage, the prospect of producing clean, sustainable power in substantial quantities from renewable energy sources arouses interest around the world. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the principal types of renewable energy--including solar, thermal, photovoltaics, bioenergy, hydro, tidal, wind, wave, and geothermal. In addition, it explains the underlying physical and technological principles of renewable energy and examines the environmental impact and prospects of different energy sources. With more than 350 detailed illustrations, more than 50 tables of data, and a wide range of case studies, Renewable Energy, 2/e is an ideal choice for undergraduate courses in energy, sustainable development, and environmental science. New to the Second Edition ·Full-color design ·Updated to reflect developments in technology, policy, attitides ·Complemented by Energy Systems and Sustainability edited by Godfrey Boyle, Bob Everett and Janet Ramage, all of the Open University, U.K.

Boyle, Godfrey

2004-05-01

11

Funding for Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On May 25, 1999, the House and Senate appropriation committees cut funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs, while at the same time increasing funding for nuclear and fossil fuel programs. This move runs counter to the opinions of most Americans, according to a recent survey commissioned by the Sustainable Energy Coalition. According to the survey, Americans believe renewable energy and energy efficiency funding should be prioritized, while nuclear power and fossil fuel spending should be reduced. Following the budget changes, President Clinton issued an executive order for federal agencies to cut energy consumption by 35 percent of 1985 levels by 2010, as the federal government is the largest consumer of energy. Clinton also urged Congress to reevaluate and approve the 2000 budget funding requests for research to help American businesses use energy-saving technology. This week's In The News examines the recent federal decisions regarding energy use and technology; the eight resources listed provide background information on this important issue.

Schultz, Jennifer J.

12

Spatial mapping of renewable energy potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy resource that is renewed by nature and whose supply is not affected by the rate of consumption is often termed as renewable energy. The need to search for renewable, alternate and non-polluting sources of energy assumes top priority for self-reliance in the regional energy supply. This demands an estimation of available energy resources spatially to evolve better management

T. V. Ramachandra; B. V. Shruthi

2007-01-01

13

Renewable energy annual 1997. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data, as well as data on US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing activities. The renewable energy resources included in the report are: biomass (wood, ethanol, and biodiesel); municipal solid waste; geothermal; wind; and solar (solar thermal and photovoltaic). The first chapter of the report provides an overview of renewable energy use and capability from 1992 through 1996. It contains renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data, as well as descriptive text. Chapter 2 presents current (through 1996) information on the US solar energy industry. A glossary of renewable energy terms is also included. 15 figs., 42 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

14

Learning About Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development and their mission is focused on advancing the U.S. Department of Energy's energy goals. As part of their mission, NREL provides educational and informational tools on their website and it is a great source of information on renewable energy basics. Topics available here include: using renewable energy, energy delivery and storage basics, advanced vehicles, fuels basics, and student resources.

2010-03-31

15

Renewable energy is the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ignoring the possibilities of renewable energies was one of the greatest failures of the 20th century. At the same time, one of the biggest problems of the last century was the worldwide orgy of energy consumption that\\u000a accompanied it and that resulted in humanity using twice as much energy between 1950 and 2000 as in all previous history.

Hermann Scheer

16

Global Renewable Energy Projections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Projections are important tools for long-term planning and policy settings. Renewable energy sources that use indigenous resources have the potential to provide energy services with zero or almost zero emissions of both air pollutants and greenhouse gases. Currently, renewable energy sources supply 14% of the total world energy demand. Renewable energy is a promising alternative solution because it is clean

A. Demirbas

2009-01-01

17

National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Lab is the U.S. Department of Energy's premier laboratory for renewable energy research and development and a leading laboratory for energy efficiency research and development. The web site provides access to a large array of information that targets many different audiences. There are educational links and classroom activities and projects suited for audiences from primary education through college-level. Other features include information about different forms of energy, databases on renewable energy production, an extensive photo gallery, and information on current research and applications in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

2002-04-01

18

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Learning About Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) research into renewable energy technologies and provides information on energy efficiency and various applications of renewable energy. Topics include the major categories of renewable energy (biomass, geothermal, solar, and wind); how renewable energy technologies can be used by consumers and providers; and how renewable energy can be stored and delivered. There is also information on advanced transportation technologies and links to a variety of educational resources for students about renewable energy sources and technologies.

19

The state of renewable energy harnessing in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the state of renewable energy development in Tanzania and biomass energy supply and consumption. It also highlights the various levels of renewable energy programmes in the country and the Government strategy to improve renewable energy production and utilization technologies. A number of problems hindering the development of renewable energy technologies have been identified and discussed. Biomass accounts

Mohammed S. Sheya; Salvatory J. S. Mushi

2000-01-01

20

Renewable energy: an overview  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies use the energy from non-depletable sources: sunshine, water flow and vegatation. The most common renewable energy devices are solar collectors, windmills, woodburning stoves, and hydroelectric turbines. Variations of some of these devices have been used for decades. Today, efficient versions are being developed to reduce our use of non-renewable resources, such as oil, natural gas and coal. Many of the systems utilizing renewable energy require a large initial investment but can offer long-term savings over the life of the system.

Not Available

1984-09-01

21

Renewable Energy in Alaska  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the opportunities, challenges, and costs associated with renewable energy implementation in Alaska and provides strategies that position Alaska's accumulating knowledge in renewable energy development for export to the rapidly growing energy/electric markets of the developing world.

Not Available

2013-03-01

22

Renewable Energy Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many ways the field of renewable energy technology is being introduced to a society that has little knowledge or background with anything beyond traditional exhaustible forms of energy and power. Dotson (2009) noted that the real challenge is to inform and educate the citizenry of the renewable energy potential through the development of…

Daugherty, Michael K.; Carter, Vinson R.

2010-01-01

23

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

2007-09-17

24

Renewable Energy Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the trade association for the UK bioenergy industry, British Biogen's mission is to promote and coordinate the commercial development of biomass as a renewable fuel resource for energy production. British Biogen has merged with the Renewable Power Association. By clicking on the Renewable Energy tab, users will find information on the different subject areas. REA adds new information based upon what we discover and updates these subject fields.

2007-06-11

25

Renewable Energy Technology Certificate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this framework for a renewable energy certificate. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-05-27

26

Learning about renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

This publication is a teaching aid and describes the various types of renewable energy sources available to the consumer. It is written in lay language and briefly covers producing electricity from sunlight, wind power, hydroelectric power, geothermal energy, and biomass.

Not Available

1985-04-01

27

Progress in renewable energy.  

PubMed

This paper provides an overview of some of the key technological and market developments for leading renewable energy technologies--wind, wave and tidal, photovoltaics (PV) and biomass energy. Market growth, innovation and policy are closely interrelated in the development of renewables and the key issues in each area are explored for each of the main types of renewable energy technology. This enables the prospects for future development and cost reduction to be considered in detail. Key issues for policy are outlined. PMID:12605943

Gross, Robert; Leach, Matthew; Bauen, Ausilio

2003-04-01

28

State Energy Consumption Estimates  

EIA Publications

This is one of the three reports of the State Energy Data System (SEDS). SEDS is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) source for comprehensive state-level estimates for energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures. The multidimensional completeness of SEDS allows users to make comparisons across states, energy sources, sectors, and over time. Consumption estimates are available from 1960 forward.

2014-06-27

29

Renewable energy - the path to sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to address some lingering debates within sustainability studies by revealing the connec- tions between renewable energy consumption and sustainability. Using data from 30 OECD countries, the article examines the connections via regression and geospatial analysis. Findings from the quantitative analysis indicate that about 50% of the variation in sustainability is accounted for by the degree of renewables

Tan Xiaomei; Brett Rose

2008-01-01

30

Renewable Energy for Microenterprise.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide provides readers with a broad understanding of the potential benefits that current renewable energy technologies can offer rural microenterprises. It also introduces the institutional approaches that have been developed to make RE technologies ...

A. Allderdice J. H. Rogers

2000-01-01

31

2008 Renewable Energy Data Book  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Not Available

2009-07-01

32

Renewable Energy Policy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1995 with funding from the Energy Foundation and the Department of Energy, the Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP) has spent the past decade educating the general public about renewable energies. This is accomplished by providing competent and rigorous policy analysis about the myriad of issues surrounding the viability and sustainability of such energy sources. Visitors to the siteâÂÂs homepage will find clickable icons (such as those depicting wind, solar, and hydrogen), and they can discover the variety of resources associated with each type of renewable energy source. These resources generally include a brief description of the REPPâÂÂs work in each field, along with links to some of their more recent working papers and policy briefs. For persons who hope to join the discussion about some of these timely topics, the site also maintains a number of relevant listservs, such as those dealing with bioconversion and strawbale conversion.

33

Integrated Renewable Energy Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization of several manifestations of solar energy in tandem by means of integrated renewable energy systems (IRES) to supply a variety of energy and other needs has the potential to energize (in contrast to electrification) remote rural areas in a cost-effective manner. Such actions can dramatically improve the quality of life for hundreds of millions of people living in remote

R. Ramakumar

1995-01-01

34

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy d...

E. Doris E. Lantz

2009-01-01

35

Renewable Energy Curriculum Units  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Eight curriculum units, developed by teachers who were National Fellows in a 2007 seminar through the National Initiative of the Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute, explore the science related to current and potential future sources of energy, with a focus on renewable energy.

Gary Brudvig (Yale University ;Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry)

2010-05-13

36

Renewable Energy Education Set  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kit demonstrates an entire miniature renewable energy system. Set includes a wind turbine kit, solar photovoltaic panel, an electrolyzer, a PEM fuel cell, and a hydrogen storage system. Helps students visualize the workings of clean energy principles. For grades 4-12.

1900-01-01

37

Learning about Renewable Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an introduction to renewable energy, discussing: (1) the production of electricity from sunlight; (2) wind power; (3) hydroelectric power; (4) geothermal energy; and (5) biomass. Also provided are nine questions to answer (based on the readings), four additional questions to answer (which require additional information), and…

Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

38

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Flow Analytics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy flow analytics. Several useful graphics are included which provide data on energy flow and consumption as well as US transportation consumption. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-25

39

Renewable Energy Policy in China: Overview; Renewable Energy in China  

SciTech Connect

China has rich potential for renewable energy development including wind energy, solar, biomass, hydropower, and geothermal. Fact sheet describes Chinas policy for developing renewable energy, policy objectives, subsidies, tax incentives, custom duties, and contact information.

Not Available

2004-04-01

40

Renewable energy and utility regulation  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC`S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable energy technologies to evaluate their potential and extract key policy lessons from experience already gained in deployment of these technologies in numerous states. The main focus of this effort has been to clarify how utility regulators affect the development of renewable energy resources. The goal of the project was twofold: (1) identify the factors that have led to success or failure or renewable energy technologies in various energy markets, and (2) to develop an agenda on renewable energy and utility regulation for NARUC and the DOE. This report consists of three sections: renewable energy contributions, costs and potential; factors affecting development of renewable energy resources; and a renewable energy agenda for NARUC.

Not Available

1991-04-10

41

Renewable energy and utility regulation  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC'S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable energy technologies to evaluate their potential and extract key policy lessons from experience already gained in deployment of these technologies in numerous states. The main focus of this effort has been to clarify how utility regulators affect the development of renewable energy resources. The goal of the project was twofold: (1) identify the factors that have led to success or failure or renewable energy technologies in various energy markets, and (2) to develop an agenda on renewable energy and utility regulation for NARUC and the DOE. This report consists of three sections: renewable energy contributions, costs and potential; factors affecting development of renewable energy resources; and a renewable energy agenda for NARUC.

Not Available

1991-04-10

42

Energy-consumption modelling  

SciTech Connect

A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

Reiter, E.R.

1980-01-01

43

Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant is a software tool to be used by energy auditors to prioritize future studies of potentially cost-effective renewable energy applications at federal facilities. This paper describes the structure and functi...

B. Shelpuk, A. Walker

1994-01-01

44

Reducing theatre energy consumption.  

PubMed

As little has been written to describe the electrical energy required to deliver anaesthesia, we undertook to measure the total electrical energy consumption for a day's clinical anaesthesia. Daily energy consumption related to anaesthesia was measured with commercially available 'plug-in' power and energy meters, and additional in-use energy estimates were based on direct observation made in theatre and from measuring the power consumption of anaesthetic gas scavenging system (AGSS) pumps. Total energy use for anaesthesia per day was 28 kWh, and cost the modest sum of around pound 2.24 per day. Disproportionately large amounts of energy were required to run the anaesthetic gas scavenging pumps and the overhead radiant heaters. Energy saving can be safely obtained by switching off AGSS out of hours, and placing radiant heaters on timing or thermostatic controls. PMID:24697094

Pierce, Tom; Morris, Gemma; Parker, Beena

2014-03-01

45

Tribal Energy Program, Assisting Tribes to Realize Their Energy Visions (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

SciTech Connect

This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

Not Available

2013-06-01

46

Renewable Energy Business Partnerships in China: Renewable Energy in China  

SciTech Connect

China has rich potential for renewable energy development including wind energy, solar, biomass, hydropower, and geothermal. Fact sheet describes Chinas policy for attracting foreign investment, Chinas tax policy, import duties, currency exchange, and renewable joint ventures in China.

Not Available

2004-04-01

47

Metering Best Practices Applied in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility: A Primer to the 2011 Measured and Modeled Energy Consumption Datasets  

SciTech Connect

Modern buildings are complex energy systems that must be controlled for energy efficiency. The Research Support Facility (RSF) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has hundreds of controllers -- computers that communicate with the building's various control systems -- to control the building based on tens of thousands of variables and sensor points. These control strategies were designed for the RSF's systems to efficiently support research activities. Many events that affect energy use cannot be reliably predicted, but certain decisions (such as control strategies) must be made ahead of time. NREL researchers modeled the RSF systems to predict how they might perform. They then monitor these systems to understand how they are actually performing and reacting to the dynamic conditions of weather, occupancy, and maintenance.

Sheppy, M.; Beach, A.; Pless, S.

2013-04-01

48

Introduction to Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course model on renewable and sustainable technology. The course emphasizes energy consumption, efficiency, and conservation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Kox, Amy L.

2011-05-03

49

Marine Renewable Energy and Cetaceans  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an ongoing development of offshore renewable energy projects worldwide. Marine wind power technology is the most advanced and tidal and wave power projects are creating increasing interest. Marine renewable energy projects to date have been focused in northern Europe, yet developments are also planned and underway in other parts of the world. Whilst these offshore renewable energy developments

Sarah J. Dolman; Mick Green; Mark P. Simmonds

50

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Economics and Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy economics and policy. Students will gain a better understanding of how energy policy impacts the environment, energy consumption and energy production. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-22

51

Renewable energy and utility regulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC'S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable e...

1991-01-01

52

Renewable energy policies in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solution to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. Although, Turkey has substantial reserves of renewable energy resources, actual utilization of these resources are quite low.The aim of this study is to investigate the renewable

Durmus Kaya

2006-01-01

53

Energy and resource consumption  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present and projected energy requirements for the United States are discussed. The energy consumption and demand sectors are divided into the categories: residential and commercial, transportation, and industrial and electrical generation (utilities). All sectors except electrical generation use varying amounts of fossile fuel resources for non-energy purposes. The highest percentage of non-energy use by sector is industrial with 71.3 percent. The household and commercial sector uses 28.4 percent, and transportation about 0.3 percent. Graphs are developed to project fossil fuel demands for non-energy purposes and the perdentage of the total fossil fuel used for non-energy needs.

1973-01-01

54

Power electronics as efficient interface of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global electrical energy consumption is steadily rising and consequently there is a demand to increase the power generation capacity. A significant percentage of the required capacity increase can be based on renewable energy sources. Wind turbine technology, as the most cost effective renewable energy conversion system, will play an important part in our future energy supply. But other sources

F. Blaabjerg; Z. Chen; S. B. Kjaer

2004-01-01

55

77 FR 23224 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-04-18

56

78 FR 78340 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-12-26

57

A renewable perspective for sustainable energy development in Turkey: The case of small hydropower plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy resources provide a large share of the total energy consumption of many developing countries. Turkey's renewable sources are the second largest source for energy production after coal. About two-thirds of the renewable energy produced is obtained from biomass, while the rest is mainly from hydroelectric energy. Hydropower is today the most important kind of renewable and sustainable energy.

Havva Balat

2007-01-01

58

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Efficiency: Buildings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy efficient buildings. A breakdown of energy consumption by sector is included as well as the major concerns for residential and commercial building energy use. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-22

59

Renewable energy annual 1998, with data for 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the fourth annual report published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) which presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data; US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing acti...

1998-01-01

60

Per Capita Energy Consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chart ranking states by per capita energy consumption shows it to be an almost perfect inverse of population density. Could be used in a course dealing with energy policy or as a crossover in many other course. Might be especially interesting, for instance, in a course about governing institutions at their consequences on policy using the uneven representation in the United States Senate and the uncertain future of the cap-and-trade climate bill to demonstrate the importance of institutions.

Finance, California D.

61

Energy Consumption in Bigger Buildings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fifty-three Danish larger public buildings, mostly schools and administration offices, were analysed from the point of view of energy consumption and effective energy - saving investments. Energy consumption per year and m exp 2 was calculated as a functi...

J. S. R. Nielsen K. Juncker E. Christophersen O. Jensen

1980-01-01

62

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources, Northeast Utilities and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, RERL promotes education and research in solar and wind energy conversion technologies. The research program provides graduate students opportunities to develop a program of study and a thesis topic, at the M.S or Ph. D. level, in one of the currently active renewable energy research programs.

2007-10-17

63

PYRAMID LAKE RENEWEABLE ENERGY PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Plan covers these areas: energy potential (primarily focusing on geothermal resource potential, but also more generally addressing wind energy potential); renewable energy market potential; transmission system development; geothermal direct use potential; and business structures to accomplish the development objectives of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe.

HIGH DESERT GEOCULTURE, LLC

2009-06-06

64

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption of Energy, 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, industrial consumption of energy in the United States has been declining despite increasing industrial output. Nevertheless, total net energy consumption by the entire industrial sector was 20.4 quadrillion Btu (quads) in 1985, which was ...

1988-01-01

65

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs

Eric Lantz; Elizabeth Doris

2009-01-01

66

Renewable Energy Introduction and Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) hosts this presentation from Roger Taylor of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory on renewable energy options including solar, wind, biomass, hydro and geothermal.Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Taylor, Roger

2012-11-28

67

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Priorities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students analyze real-world data for five types of renewable energy, as found on the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. They identify the best and worst locations for production of each form of renewable energy, and then make recommendations for which type that state should pursue.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

68

Renewable Energy Alternatives in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook discusses the renewable energy resources suitable for use in Maryland. It follows a question and answer format with sections about the following alternative renewable energy sources; solar, wind, wood, water, bio-gas/methane, and geothermal. Each section includes a list of recommended readings, appropriate agencies or organizations,…

Welsh, Greg E.; McClellan, Deborah A. S.

69

Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) is a non-profit organization working towards standardization in policies, education, and information regarding sustainable energy. One of their goals is to introduce renewable energy as an energy option in cities across the United States. They fund and support many programs dedicated to this research, accreditation, and training. IREC also publishes newsletters, holds conferences and events for the industry. This website is a mine of information for teachers, students, and renewable energy enthusiasts wanting to learn more.

2010-02-12

70

World Renewable Energy Network Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through its worldwide network, WREN advocates the utilization of renewable energy sources by promoting the technical education of scientists, engineers, and technicians in addressing the energy needs of both developing and developed countries.

2007-10-02

71

Decision Making and Energy Consumption.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Physical, economic and demographic characteristics as determinants of energy consumption in both the residential and commercial sectors have often been investigated. Although these determinants are generally good predictors of consumption it is obvious fr...

A. L. Nieves

1982-01-01

72

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book  

DOE Data Explorer

The 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book is 128 pages of data in tables, figures and charts, and text. It provides a look at resources and usage for wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, hydrogen, and biopower. Developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), it was produced by Rachel Gelman, edited by Mike Meshek, and designed by Stacy Buchanan and Erica Augustine and released in October, 2013. Report number for this data book is DOE/GO-102013-4291.

73

Developing Government Renewable Energy Projects  

SciTech Connect

The US Army Corps of Engineers has retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a study of past INL experiences and complete a report that identifies the processes that are needed for the development of renewable energy projects on government properties. The INL has always maintained expertise in power systems and applied engineering and INL’s renewable energy experiences date back to the 1980’s when our engineers began performing US Air Force wind energy feasibility studies and development projects. Over the last 20+ years of working with Department of Defense and other government agencies to study, design, and build government renewable projects, INL has experienced the do’s and don’ts for being successful with a project. These compiled guidelines for government renewable energy projects could include wind, hydro, geothermal, solar, biomass, or a variety of hybrid systems; however, for the purpose of narrowing the focus of this report, wind projects are the main topic discussed throughout this report. It is our thought that a lot of what is discussed could be applied, possibly with some modifications, to other areas of renewable energy. It is also important to note that individual projects (regardless the type) vary to some degree depending on location, size, and need but in general these concepts and directions can be carried over to the majority of government renewable energy projects. This report focuses on the initial development that needs to occur for any project to be a successful government renewable energy project.

Kurt S. Myers; Thomas L. Baldwin; Jason W. Bush; Jake P. Gentle

2012-07-01

74

Solar Renewable Energy. Teaching Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit develops the concept of solar energy as a renewable resource. It includes: (1) an introductory section (developing understandings of photosynthesis and impact of solar energy); (2) information on solar energy use (including applications and geographic limitations of solar energy use); and (3) future considerations of solar energy

Buchanan, Marion; And Others

75

The future of energy, consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The consumption of energy is increasing at an ever-rising rate. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to the increasing energy demands of the nation and world. The article defines consumption for the students and discusses energy conservation. Students read that much of their energy consumption is shown to be energy wants, not necessarily energy needs. Thought-provoking questions afford students chances to reflect on what they've read about the consumption of energy. Links to PBS NewsHour articles about air conditioning efficiency and conservation using alternative energy sources are provided. Four energy-related links offer information about alternatives to air conditioning, energy-conserving landscaping, Energy Star appliances, and energy requirements of light bulbs. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

76

Economic Costs of Renewable Energy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Are renewable energy systems (RES's) economically competitive with fossil fuels in developing countries. Underlying this question are several assumptions which this report reviews and tests, using a net present cost analysis method, in three case studies ...

M. Gorden R. Gorden S. Reckhow

1981-01-01

77

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) promotes its research to "secure an energy future for the nation that is environmentally and economically sustainable." The website summaries the Laboratory's variety of research and technology including photovoltaics, wind, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydrogen and fuel cells. Visitors can find out the latest NREL news and events. Visitors can locate materials about renewable energy and energy efficiency. The Publications Database offers references to a wide range of documents about sustainable energy technologies written or edited by NREL.

78

Renewable Energy: A Viable Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy systems—notably solar, wind, and biomass—are poised to play a major role in the energy economy and in improving the environmental quality of the United States. California's energy crisis focused attention on and raised fundamental questions about regional and national energy strategies. Prior to the crisis in California, there had been too little attention given to appropriate power plant

Antonia V. Herzog; Timothy E. Lipman; Jennifer L. Edwards; Daniel M. Kammen

2001-01-01

79

Energy 5: Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video distinguishes between renewable and non-renewable energy resources. It examines the question, "How long to do we have before we exhaust non-renewable resources?" It also looks at alternatives to non-renewable energy resources. This video is part of the Sustainability Learning Suites, made possible in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. See 'Learn more about this resource' for Learning Objectives and Activities.

Vanasupa, Linda

80

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

81

77 FR 64112 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nationwide Categorical Waivers...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), (202)...

2012-10-18

82

2011 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2011 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Gelman, R.

2012-10-01

83

2010 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Gelman, R.

2011-10-01

84

2009 Renewable Energy Data Book, August 2010  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Not Available

2010-08-01

85

Manufacturing energy consumption survey: Consumption of energy, 1985. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, industrial consumption of energy in the United States has been declining despite increasing industrial output. Nevertheless, total net energy consumption by the entire industrial sector was 20.4 quadrillion Btu (quads) in 1985, which was 37 percent of the US total for the residential, commercial, transportation, and industrial sectors. A clearer understanding of how energy is used in the industrial sector can help the Nation anticipate how future expansion of and change in the US industrial base might affect future energy requirements. The Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) is designed to contribute to this understanding. This report, the first of a series based on the 1985 MECS, provides a comprehensive description of energy consumption by manufacturing industries in the United States. The MECS is the first survey conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to collect detailed data on energy use by manufacturing industries. The MECS does not include energy consumption by mining, agriculture, construction, and electric utilities. Energy consumption by manufacturers is approximately 80 percent of the consumption of the entire industrial sector. 55 refs., 7 figs., 31 tabs.

Not Available

1988-11-18

86

US Electrical Energy Consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of annual electrical consumption by state in gigaWatt-hours (gWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider the carbon dioxide produced as a result of this consumption. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

87

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Introduction and Energy Statistical Data Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document includes an overview of energy, details on US and world energy consumption statistics as well as alternative and renewable energy statistics. The material includes useful data and a number of graphical representations of the information. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-08-05

88

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2012 provides facts and figures in a graphical format on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

Gelman, R.

2013-10-01

89

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH INVESTMENTSIN RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various problems and requirements of the society and of the development of cities and regions may be solved by implementing renewable energy projects. Therefore, this study explores the issue of regional development through investments in renewable energy projects. Firstly, this study briefly reveals the role of renewable energy in regional development, and secondly, some arguments for investing in renewable energy

Ion PLUMB; Andreea ZAMFIR

2011-01-01

90

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates  

SciTech Connect

This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs can have a strong deployment impact on emerging renewable energy markets. This report focuses on renewable energy rebate programs, which are being analyzed as part of the State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project. SCEPA is being used to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states.

Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

2009-03-01

91

76 FR 54431 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-09-01

92

77 FR 6783 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-02-09

93

76 FR 7815 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-02-11

94

78 FR 2952 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-01-15

95

78 FR 48855 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-08-12

96

78 FR 69370 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-11-19

97

76 FR 44576 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-07-26

98

78 FR 20896 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-04-08

99

75 FR 70214 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2010-11-17

100

Renewable Energy Technology Evolution Rationales  

SciTech Connect

This report was developed by a team of national laboratory researchers, contractors and Department of Energy (DOE) technology program staff over the period March through October 1990 as part of the National Energy Strategy process. The purpose of the report was to provide consistent, explanatory and in-depth documentation of how renewable technologies can be expected to evolve over time. An early draft of the document was printed by the Solar Energy Research Institute in late August 1990, under the title Renewable Energy Technology Evolution Rationales. The contents were reviewed and revised and the Internal Working Draft -- October 5, 1990 (with the same title) was released by the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy in early October 1990. The topics presented are: Biomass Electric Technology, Geothermal Technology, Hydropower Technology, Photovoltaic Technology, Solar Thermal Technology, Wind Technology, Ethanol Technology, Methanol Technology, and Solar Buildings Technologies.

Not Available

1990-10-05

101

Renewable Energy and Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued the Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) at http://srren.ipcc-wg3.de/ (May 2011 electronic version; printed form ISBN 978-1-107-60710-1, 2012). More than 130 scientists contributed to the report.* The SRREN assessed existing literature on the future potential of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change within a portfolio of mitigation options including energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuel switching, RE, nuclear and carbon capture and storage (CCS). It covers the six most important renewable energy technologies - bioenergy, direct solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind, as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It also takes into consideration the environmental and social consequences associated with these technologies, the cost and strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion.

Chum, H. L.

2012-01-01

102

Renewable Energy Glossary of Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT) has created this 22-page glossary of renewable energy terms which was "taken in part from the EPA and the Energy Information Administrations web site, and provides definitions of a number of important terms associated with power generation technologies and their environmental impacts, including definitions of specific pollutants, technologies, and the key terms related to the electric power marketplace." From acid rain to wood pellets, the terms are defined as they relate to renewable energy development and applications.

2010-03-24

103

76 FR 26695 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...hear briefings on the state of renewable energy finance and to discuss the...

2011-05-09

104

Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates?  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy certificates (RECs) are tradable instruments that convey the attributes of a renewable energy generator and the right to make certain claims about energy purchases. RECs first appeared in US markets in the late 1990s and are particularly important in states that accept or require them as evidence of compliance with renewables portfolio standards (RPS). The emergence of RECs as a tradable commodity has made utilities, generators, and regulators increasingly aware of the need to specify who owns the RECs in energy transactions. In voluntary transactions, most agree that the question of REC ownership can and should be negotiated privately between the buyer and the seller, and should be clearly established by contract. Claims about purchasing or using renewable energy should only be made if REC ownership can be documented. In many other cases, however, renewable energy transactions are either mandated or encouraged through state or federal policy. Because of the recent appearance of RECs, legislation and regulation mandating the purchase of renewable energy has sometimes been silent on the disposition of the RECs associated with that generation. Furthermore, some renewable energy contracts pre-date the existence of RECs, and therefore do not address REC ownership. In both of these instances, the issue of REC ownership must often be answered by legislative or regulatory authorities. The resulting uncertainty in REC ownership has hindered the development of robust REC markets and has, in some cases, led to contention between buyers and sellers of renewable generation. This article, which is based on a longer Berkeley Lab report, reviews federal and state efforts to clarify the ownership of RECs from Qualifying Facilities (QFs) that sell their generation under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978. The full report also addresses state efforts to clarify REC ownership in two other situations, customer-owned generation that benefits from state net metering rules, and generation facilities that receive financial incentives from state or utility funds. The issue of REC ownership most often arises in states that have adopted an RPS. In such states, both parties to QF contracts have a lot at stake: either additional cost to a utility if RECs are awarded to the QF, or loss of value to the QF if RECs are awarded to the utility. As a rough estimate, QF RECs that are eligible for state RPS programs could have a value between $35 million and $175 million, so there is significant economic value riding on the ownership question.

Holt, Edward; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2006-06-01

105

Emerging symbiosis: Renewable energy and energy security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the evolution of “energy security” as a concept guiding strategic energy planning and demonstrates how fossil fuel technologies which once enjoyed a symbiotic relationship with energy security no longer contribute to the goals of enhanced energy security. Conversely, renewable energy technologies now fulfill many of the objectives that modern energy security enhancement initiatives aim to achieve. The

Scott Victor Valentine

2011-01-01

106

Examining the Potential of Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

This outreach document goes to potential partners for NREL's Renewable Energy Potential Initiative, which will explore the long-term potential of Renewable Energy to meet a substantial share of U.S. energy needs.

Not Available

2006-09-01

107

Energy Efficiency and Importance of Renewable Energy Sources in Latvia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main goal of Latvian energy policy is to ensure safe and environmentally friendly long-term energy supply at cost-effective prices, contributing to enhance competitiveness, and to ensure safe energy transit. The Latvian Parliament approved an Energy Efficiency Strategy in 2000. Its objective is to decrease energy consumption per unit of GDP by 25% by 2010. Awareness raising, implementation of standards and economic incentives for self financing are the main instruments to increase energy efficiency, mentioned in the strategy. Latvia, as many other European Union member states, is dependent on the import of primary energy resources. The Latvian Renewable Energy strategy is still under development. The only recent study on RES was developed in the framework of a PHARE program in year 2000: ``Renewable energy resource program'', where three main objectives for a future RES strategy were proposed: 1. To increase the use of wood waste and low value wood and forest residues. 2. To improve efficiency of combustion technologies and to replace outdated plants. 3. To increase the use of renewables in Combined Heat and Power plants (CHP). Through the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership, partners will develop a set of new shared activities, and coordinate and strengthen existing efforts in this area.

Skapare, I.; Kreslins, A.

2007-10-01

108

RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of July 12, 2002 (project inception) to September 30, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and discussions that were conducted to identify and analyze potential renewable energy technologies and verify its feasibility and suitability for the project. The report covers the two-day Energy Charrette that was held at the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) Headquarters Building on May 8-9, 2002 to brainstorm, evaluate and present all available renewable energy options along with their implementations. Although the Energy Charrette was held prior to awarding of the DOE Grant, the outcome of the Charrette forms the basis of the activities that took place after July 12, 2002. Therefore, the Energy Charrette is frequently referenced and discussed in this report. The report also discusses the Energy Meeting that took place on September 24, 2002 between IEUA and CH2M Hill to follow up on the various presentations and recommendations resulting from the Energy Charrette. It should be noted that no final equipment data or capacities have been presented in the report, as the Conceptual Design has not started yet. This report covers continuing effort and work to complete the Request for Proposal (RFP) for this project. The Executive Summary Section covers more details on the scope of work, which consists of the conceptual, preliminary and final design, and what has been accomplished during the report period. Tools and methods utilized in this project to identify renewable energy technologies are included in the ''Experimental'' Section. Finally, Project achievements, implications and importance in improving this kind of technology are summarized in the ''Conclusion'' Section.

Neil Clifton, P.E.; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi, P.E.

2002-10-30

109

Tomorrow`s energy today: Energy efficiency and renewable energy. Revision  

SciTech Connect

This broad overview of energy programs of the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy of the US DOE emphasizes means of promoting energy efficiency for the next generation. Current research goals to reduce energy consumption in industry, buildings, and the transportation sector are presented. A doubling of economic growth without depleting fossil fuels by the year 2030 is conceivable. (GHH)

Brennan, A.

1993-11-01

110

Energy Consumption of Sport Halls.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The energy consumption of Finland's sports halls (ball games halls, ice hockey halls and swimming halls) represent approximately 1% of that of the country's whole building stock. In the light of the facts revealed by the energy study the potential energy ...

1983-01-01

111

Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable energy provided only three percent of US utility power purchases overall in 1995, and the average purchase price of electricity from non-utilities using renewable energy was 31 percent higher than the average retail price, according the US EIA's latest Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends. The EIA presents additional data on renewable electricity purchases, transmission pricing issues for electricity, wood energy, and wind energy, among other topics, in this 90-page release.

112

Renewable energy driven desalination systems modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources for powering desalination processes is a very promising option especially in remote and arid regions where the use of conventional energy is costly or unavailable. Renewable energy driven desalination systems have been extensively discussed as an innovative approach to desalinate water economically and in an environmentally friendly manner. The stochastic nature of renewable energy sources (RES) which

C. Koroneos; A. Dompros; G. Roumbas

2007-01-01

113

Analysis and Optimization of Building Energy Consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy is one of the most important resources required by modern human society. In 2010, energy expenditures represented 10% of global gross domestic product (GDP). By 2035, global energy consumption is expected to increase by more than 50% from current levels. The increased pace of global energy consumption leads to significant environmental and socioeconomic issues: (i) carbon emissions, from the burning of fossil fuels for energy, contribute to global warming, and (ii) increased energy expenditures lead to reduced standard of living. Efficient use of energy, through energy conservation measures, is an important step toward mitigating these effects. Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime target for energy conservation, comprising 21% of global energy consumption and 40% of the total energy consumption in the United States. This thesis describes techniques for the analysis and optimization of building energy consumption. The thesis focuses on building retrofits and building energy simulation as key areas in building energy optimization and analysis. The thesis first discusses and evaluates building-level renewable energy generation as a solution toward building energy optimization. The thesis next describes a novel heating system, called localized heating. Under localized heating, building occupants are heated individually by directed radiant heaters, resulting in a considerably reduced heated space and significant heating energy savings. To support localized heating, a minimally-intrusive indoor occupant positioning system is described. The thesis then discusses occupant-level sensing (OLS) as the next frontier in building energy optimization. OLS captures the exact environmental conditions faced by each building occupant, using sensors that are carried by all building occupants. The information provided by OLS enables fine-grained optimization for unprecedented levels of energy efficiency and occupant comfort. The thesis also describes a retrofit-oriented building energy simulator, ROBESim, that natively supports building retrofits. ROBESim extends existing building energy simulators by providing a platform for the analysis of novel retrofits, in addition to simulating existing retrofits. Using ROBESim, retrofits can be automatically applied to buildings, obviating the need for users to manually update building characteristics for comparisons between different building retrofits. ROBESim also includes several ease-of-use enhancements to support users of all experience levels.

Chuah, Jun Wei

114

Renewable energy delivery systems and methods  

DOEpatents

A system, method and/or apparatus for the delivery of energy at a site, at least a portion of the energy being delivered by at least one or more of a plurality of renewable energy technologies, the system and method including calculating the load required by the site for the period; calculating the amount of renewable energy for the period, including obtaining a capacity and a percentage of the period for the renewable energy to be delivered; comparing the total load to the renewable energy available; and, implementing one or both of additional and alternative renewable energy sources for delivery of energy to the site.

Walker, Howard Andrew

2013-12-10

115

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Experts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate various renewable energy sources and the feasibility of implementing these sources. Working in small groups, students use data from the Renewable Energy Living Lab to describe and understand the way the world works. The data is obtained through observation and experimentation. Using the living lab gives students and teachers the opportunity to practice analyzing data to solve problems or answer questions, in much the same way that scientists and engineers do every day.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

116

Renewable Energy: Hydropower  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to the use of flowing or falling water (hydropower) to perform work, particularly electric power generation. Topics include the history of hydropower development, the invention of turbines and electric generators, and the history of hydroelectric power development in the United States. There is also discussion of the environmental issues associated with the construction of large dams and flooding large tracts of land, as well as some of the physics involved in the transfer of energy from moving water to a mechanical device such as a turbine. The lesson includes an activity in which students use a model turbine and generator and vary the height from which water flows into them to examine how energy output and efficiency varies.

Pratte, John

117

Renewable Energy in Fitness Centers  

SciTech Connect

All military installations have goals for implementing renewable energy projects, but not all have abundant solar energy or have massive feedstock for a large biomass plant. They must build up their renewable portfolio one project at it a time where they make the most sense – most of the time through small projects on specific buildings. During the last few years, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) provided project support to Army Installation Management Command Southeast Region (IMCOM-Southeast) installations. One of the building types visited, the physical fitness center (PFC), almost always yield project ideas. The building lends itself to a number of different technologies, and the high traffic nature is the perfect place to craft an educational message for users and demonstrate an installation’s commitment to sustainable energy development.

Chvala, William D.

2009-09-30

118

Potential of renewable energy alternatives in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia is one of those countries that are considered rich and abundant in fossil fuel energy resources. It is important for Australia to regulate the use of conventional energy and attempt replacing these conventional energies with renewable energy (RE) resources. Renewable energy resources in Australia are widely categorised as solar energy, biomass, wave energy and wind energy. By increasing the

Talal Yusaf; Steven Goh; J. A. Borserio

2011-01-01

119

Sustainable Design and Renewable Energy Concepts in Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy use of residential and non-residential buildings in the US makes up a full 50% of the total energy use in the country. The Architects role in positively altering this equation has become more and more apparent. A change in the paradigm of how buildings are designed and the integration of renewable energy sources to meet their energy requirements can have tremendous impacts on sustainability, energy consumption, environment impacts, and the potential for climate change.

Maxwell, Lawrence

2009-07-01

120

Renewable Energy Resources in Lebanon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy sector in Lebanon plays an important role in the overall development of the country, especially that it suffers from many serious problems. The fact that Lebanon is among the few countries that are not endowed with fossil fuels in the Middle East made this sector cause one third of the national debt in Lebanon. Despite the large government investments in the power sector, demand still exceeds supply and Lebanon frequently goes through black out in peak demand times or has to resort to importing electricity from Syria. The Energy production sector has dramatic environmental and economical impacts in the form of emitted gasses and environment sabotage, accordingly, it is imperative that renewable energy (RE) be looked at as an alternative energy source. Officials at the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) and Lebanese Electricity (EDL) have repeatedly expressed their support to renewable energy utilization. So far, only very few renewable energy applications can be observed over the country. Major efforts are still needed to overcome this situation and promote the use of renewable energy. These efforts are the shared responsibility of the government, EDL, NGO's and educational and research centers. Additionally, some efforts are being made by some international organizations such as UNDP, ESCWA, EC and other donor agencies operating in Lebanon. This work reviews the status of Energy in Lebanon, the installed RE projects, and the potential projects. It also reviews the stakeholders in the field of RE in Lebanon Conclusion In considering the best R.E. alternative, it is important to consider all potential R.E. sources, their costs, market availability, suitability for the selected location, significance of the energy produced and return on investment. Several RE resources in Lebanon have been investigated; Tides and waves energy is limited and not suitable two tentative sites for geothermal energy are available but not used. Biomass resources badly affect the environment with the current technology and it is preferred to go for recycling. Limited hydropower plants are already installed and there are plans for new projects. Small wind turbines found their way in the market for individuals living in the rural areas that suffer from blackouts the most to replace the fuel stand alone generators. Solar PV is still immature however projects like street lighting in the south were successfully achieved. Solar thermal power is the most suitable for water heating in and outside the residential areas. Projects to increase the efficiency like replacing lights with power saving lights and thermal insulation of buildings are funded by several organizations.

Hamdy, R.

2010-12-01

121

Renewable energy costs, potentials, barriers: Conceptual issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy can become the major energy supply option in low-carbon energy economies. Disruptive transformations in all energy systems are necessary for tapping widely available renewable energy resources. Organizing the energy transition from non-sustainable to renewable energy is often described as the major challenge of the first half of the 21st century. Technological innovation, the economy (costs and prices) and

Aviel Verbruggen; Manfred Fischedick; William Moomaw; Tony Weir; Alain Nadaï; Lars J. Nilsson; John Nyboer; Jayant Sathaye

2010-01-01

122

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption  

EIA Publications

This report provides newly available national and regional data and analyzes the nation's energy use by light-duty vehicles. This release represents the analytical component of the report, with a data component having been released in early 2005.

Mark Schipper

2005-11-30

123

10 CFR 430.23 - Test procedures for the measurement of energy and water consumption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...appendix M to this subpart. (6) All measures of energy consumption must be determined by the test method...4) as approved by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in accordance with § 430.24(m)(5)....

2012-01-01

124

10 CFR 430.23 - Test procedures for the measurement of energy and water consumption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...appendix M to this subpart. (5) All measures of energy consumption must be determined by the test method...4) as approved by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in accordance with § 430.24(m)(5)....

2011-01-01

125

10 CFR 430.23 - Test procedures for the measurement of energy and water consumption.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...appendix M to this subpart. (6) All measures of energy consumption must be determined by the test method...4) as approved by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in accordance with § 430.24(m)(5)....

2013-01-01

126

Making use of renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

This book describes renewable energy projects proposed for the rural areas of developing countries. Topics considered include biogas generation in Zimbabwe, biogas technology for water pumping in Botswana, soil fertility and energy problems in rural development in the Zaire rain forest, international scientific collaboration on biogas technologies for rural development, alcohol from biomass, an ethanol project in Zimbabwe, biomass alcohol and the fuel-food issue, solar water heating in Zimbabwe, absorbent box solar cookers, solar crop drying in Zimbabwe, the use of passive solar energy in Botswana buildings, the potential of mini hydro systems, woodfuel as a potential renewable energy source, small-scale afforestation for domestic needs in the communal lands of Zimbabwe, muscle power, the use of human energy in construction, hand-operated water pumps, animal power for water pumping in Botswana, the production of charcoal in Zambia, improving the efficiency of a traditional charcoal-burning Burmese cooking stove, social impacts, non-engineering constraints affecting energy use in a rural area, women and energy, and non-technical factors influencing the establishment of fuels-from-crops industries in developing countries.

Johnston, J.C.

1984-01-01

127

Current Renewable Energy Technologies and Future Projections  

SciTech Connect

The generally acknowledged sources of renewable energy are wind, geothermal, biomass, solar, hydropower, and hydrogen. Renewable energy technologies are crucial to the production and utilization of energy from these regenerative and virtually inexhaustible sources. Furthermore, renewable energy technologies provide benefits beyond the establishment of sustainable energy resources. For example, these technologies produce negligible amounts of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in providing energy, and they exploit domestically available energy sources, thereby reducing our dependence on both the importation of fossil fuels and the use of nuclear fuels. The market price of renewable energy technologies does not reflect the economic value of these added benefits.

Allison, Stephen W [ORNL; Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Ward, Christina D [ORNL; Smith, Barton [ORNL; Grubb, Kimberly R [ORNL; Lee, Russell [ORNL

2007-05-01

128

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

129

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bibliography contains listings of publicly available reports, journal articles, and published conference papers sponsored by the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and published between 1987 and mid-1993. The topics of the bibliography include: analysis and evaluation; building equipment research; building thermal envelope systems and materials; district heating; residential and commercial conservation program; weatherization assistance program; existing

K. H. Vaughan

1993-01-01

130

Renewable energy scenario of Bangladesh: Physical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The looming energy crisis, heightened by the continuing depletion of fossil fuels, accentuates the need for deployment of renewable energy resources in Bangladesh, now more than ever before. Though hydrocarbon resources in the country are limited, the substantial availability of renewable energy sources in the form of solar, biomass, hydropower and wind energy offers opportunities of sustainable energy based development.

M. Z. Baten; E. M. Amin; A. Sharin; R. Islam; S. A. Chowdhury

2009-01-01

131

State Energy Data Report 1999: Consumption Estimates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EIA recently released the State Energy Data Report 1999, a fascinating data roundup of energy use by state. While California was ranked second in total energy consumption, it ranked 49th in per capita consumption.

132

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS  

SciTech Connect

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The 'grand challenge' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source. Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.

Nathan Lewis Nancy Ryan Gray

2010-02-26

133

Electrical Appliance Energy Consumption Control Methods and Electrical Energy Consumption Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distr...

D. P. Chassin D. W. Winiarski J. E. Dagle M. Kinter-Meyer M. K. Donnelly

2005-01-01

134

A review on sustainable design of renewable energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviewed the state of the art in designing renewable energy systems specifically solar-based energy system, ground source-based system and day-lighting system, to gain optimum performances in sustainable buildings. Efficiency of each of these systems in reducing resource consumption was evaluated. Geometric conditions have a determining effect on the performances of solar-based energy system and day-lighting system. In solar-based

Long Shi; Michael Yit Lin Chew

135

Assessing Renewable Energy Progress and Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although substantial progress has been made during the last 35 years in renewable energy technology, total power generated by renewable energy in the United States has only grown from approximately 1.5 percent to about 10 percent, or approximately 0.25 percent per year. Over the last 35 years, total energy losses have remained close to 50 percent for all energy conversion

Joseph F. Giacinto; Paul Petzrick; Jason Litten; Brandie Sebastian; Erica Breighner; Wayne Perkins; Samantha Petzrick

2009-01-01

136

Renewable Energy. The Power to Choose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, consisting of 13 chapters, charts the progress made in renewable energy in recent years and outlines renewable energy's prospects. Areas addressed include: energy at the crossroads (discussing oil, gas, coal, nuclear power, and the conservation revolution); solar building design; solar collection; sunlight to electricity; wood; energy

Deudney, Daniel; Flavin, Christopher

137

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This U.S. Department of Energy site provides access to more than 600 links and 80,000 documents about renewable energy and energy efficient technologies, including such topics as: bioenergy, hydrogen, power from the oceans, and wind, solar, geothermal, and hydroenergy. Specialized resources include a collection of links to educational and training resources on energy, and a weekly newsletter covering news and events, new sites on EREN, and energy facts and tips. A consumer section offers advice on energy conservation and home weatherization.

2002-03-04

138

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

139

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

140

Analyzing the causes of non-development of renewable energy-related industries in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy crisis is one of the issues which have imposed many changes in the development of various technologies around the world. Every-year renewal of this crisis in different countries has led many of them to move towards alternative resources like renewable energies, and also to make changes in their energy consumption in order to expand the application of these resources.By

Dawud Fadai; Zahra Shams Esfandabadi; Azadeh Abbasi

2011-01-01

141

Renewable energy annual 1998, with data for 1997  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth annual report published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) which presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data; US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing activities; and US geothermal heat pump manufacturing activities. It updates and provides more detail on renewable energy information than what`s published in the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Annual Energy Review 1997. The renewable energy resources included in the report are: biomass (wood, wood waste, municipal solid waste, ethanol, and biodiesel); geothermal; wind; solar (solar thermal and photovoltaic); and hydropower. However, hydropower is also regarded as a conventional energy source because it has furnished a significant amount of electricity for more than a century. Therefore, the contribution of hydropower to total renewable energy consumption is discussed, although hydropower as an individual energy source is not addressed. Since EIA collects data only on terrestrial (land-based) systems, satellite and military applications are not included in this report. 13 figs., 44 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

142

Tribal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

Not Available

2010-09-01

143

Renewable Energy Atlas of the West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed as a resource for policy makers, advocates, landowners, developers and others interested in furthering the production of electricity from renewable wind, solar, geothermal and biomass energy resources.

2007-11-07

144

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: Methodological Report 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The information obtained from the MECS (Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey) will be used to construct a data base for the manufacturing sector concerning its acquisition, consumption, and disposition of energy, and its fuel-switching capability. The ...

1988-01-01

145

Electricity for Millions: Developing Renewable Energy in China (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This two page fact sheet describes NREL's work developing renewable energy in China. Renewable focus areas include rural energy development, wind energy development, geothermal energy development, renewable energy business development and policy and planning.

Not Available

2006-04-01

146

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY IN INDONESIA: CDM FUNDING ALTERNATIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy has advantage than non-renewable energy, i.e. environmentally friendly that has low pollutant emission and support sustainable development. Nevertheless, renewable energy development in Indonesia was not growing fast. Besides renewable energy development has a high investment cost, renewable energy reserve is also not so big comparing with non-renewable energy reserve. Recently, renewable energy utilization in Indonesia (hydropower and geothermal

Agus Sugiyono

147

75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has experienced...

2010-05-28

148

Optimization of Domestic-Size Renewable Energy System Designs Suitable for Cold Climate Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five different kinds of domestic-size renewable energy system configurations for very cold climate regions were investigated. From detailed numerical modeling and system simulations, it was found that the consumption of fuel oil for the auxiliary boiler in residential-type households can almost be eliminated with a renewable energy system that incorporates photovoltaic panel arrays for electricity generation and two storage tanks:

Itoro Etim Akpan; Masafumi Sasaki; Noboru Endoh

2006-01-01

149

Renewable electricity standards, energy efficiency, and cost-effective climate-change policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to define an energy efficiency standard carefully. If energy efficiency is defined relative to a baseline level of consumption, it is critical that the baseline be permitted to grow at an appropriate rate over time. Otherwise, the requirements to use renewable generation will be less flexible than under a pure renewable electricity requirement. (author)

Lenard; Thomas M

2009-01-01

150

Renewable Electricity Standards, Energy Efficiency, and Cost-Effective Climate-Change Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to define an energy efficiency standard carefully. If energy efficiency is defined relative to a baseline level of consumption, it is critical that the baseline be permitted to grow at an appropriate rate over time. Otherwise, the requirements to use renewable generation will be less flexible than under a pure renewable electricity requirement.

Thomas M. Lenard

2009-01-01

151

Renewable Energy Planning: Multiparametric Cost Optimization; Preprint  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a method for determining the combination of renewable energy technologies that minimize life-cycle cost at a facility, often with a specified goal regarding percent of energy use from renewable sources. Technologies include: photovoltaics (PV); wind; solar thermal heat and electric; solar ventilation air preheating; solar water heating; biomass heat and electric (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion); and

2008-01-01

152

Renewable Energy Planning: Multiparametric Cost Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a method for determining the combination of renewable energy technologies that minimize life-cycle cost at a facility, often with a specified goal regarding percent of energy use from renewable sources. Technologies include: photovoltaics (PV); wind; solar thermal heat and electric; solar ventilation air preheating; solar water heating; biomass heat and electric (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion); and

Andy Walker

2008-01-01

153

Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Ser...

A. Carr J. A. Kuiper K. G. Hlava

2012-01-01

154

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems  

DOEpatents

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

2008-09-02

155

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems  

DOEpatents

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

2006-03-07

156

Potential of renewable energy systems in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with high-speed economic development and increasing energy consumption, the Chinese Government faces a growing pressure to maintain the balance between energy supply and demand. In 2009, China has become both the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitting country in the world. In this case, the inappropriate energy consumption structure should be changed. As an alternative, a suitable infrastructure for

Wen Liu; Henrik Lund; Brian Vad Mathiesen; Xiliang Zhang

2011-01-01

157

Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides an overview of the Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (IREEED) developed in collaboration by the United States Department of Energy and India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. IREEED provides succinct summaries of India's central and state government policies and incentives related to renewable energy and energy efficiency. The online, public database was developed under the U.S.- India Energy Dialogue and the Clean Energy Solution Center.

Bushe, S.

2013-09-01

158

Creative renewable energy purchasing options for businesses  

SciTech Connect

Green energy providers are creating novel ways for large commercial clients to get involved in the long-term development of renewable energy generation. Some plans are designed to allow the purchase of energy to provide long-term off-take stability and other financial benefits to companies developing renewable energy projects. Two new insurance products could help absorb some of the financial risk taken on by the clients. (author)

Lokey, Elizabeth

2007-01-15

159

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Hood based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewables Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

Chvala, William D.; Warwick, William M.; Dixon, Douglas R.; Solana, Amy E.; Weimar, Mark R.; States, Jennifer C.; Reilly, Raymond W.

2008-06-30

160

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2011-07-01

161

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2012-07-01

162

77 FR 53233 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...related services, and a second on renewable energy and related services, and...

2012-08-31

163

Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency  

SciTech Connect

In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

Arvizu, Dan

2010-01-01

164

Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency  

ScienceCinema

In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

Arvizu, Dan

2013-05-29

165

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: New Pubs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory offers a New Publications page that contains five recently published reports freely available to view or download. The documents include: NREL Institutional Plan, 2001-2005; Photovoltaic Energy Program Overview, Fiscal Year 2000; Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future: Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean-Energy Technologies; Renewable Energy for Rural Schools; and Alternative Fuel Transit Buses: DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Final Results. The main page contains descriptions of each publication and the link to view each complete Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file.

2002-01-01

166

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Fuel Standards  

SciTech Connect

The State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project is supported by the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program within the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This project seeks to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states. The goal is to assist states in determining which clean energy policies or policy portfolios will best accomplish their environmental, economic, and security goals. For example, renewable fuel standards (RFS) policies are a mechanism for developing a market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. This flexible market-based policy, when properly executed, can correct for market failures and promote growth of the renewable fuels industry better than a more command-oriented approach. The policy attempts to correct market failures such as embedded fossil fuel infrastructure and culture, risk associated with developing renewable fuels, consumer information gaps, and lack of quantification of the non-economic costs and benefits of both renewable and fossil-based fuels. This report focuses on renewable fuel standards policies, which are being analyzed as part of this project.

Mosey, G.; Kreycik, C.

2008-07-01

167

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for utilities  

SciTech Connect

This publication presents current efforts by the US DOE Office of Utility Technologies to promote and develop cost-effective renewable energy and energy efficient technologies in the Utility sector. Major projects in the areas of solar thermal energy, solar photovoltaic energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, hydroelectric power, ocean power, and biomass are presented. The importance of efficient energy management in the transmission and distribution of electricity and through energy storage is discussed. (GHH)

Not Available

1992-04-01

168

TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey  

EIA Publications

This is the technical documentation for the public use data set based on the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), the national sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted by the Energy Information Administration.

Information Center

1996-07-01

169

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Renewable Energy Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market survey covers the renewable energy equipment market in Mexico. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and ...

A. Gayou

1992-01-01

170

Renewable Energy Guide for Highway Maintenance Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a guide for the application of renewable energy technologies to the heating and cooling, lighting, and electrical power requirements of highway maintenance facilities. The guide will be of immediate interest to staff of state departme...

D. Panich J. Cohen J. Mello R. Lorand

2013-01-01

171

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Office of building Technologies (OBT) pursues advanced energy efficiency and renewable technologies and accelerates the rate of adoption of these technologies in the residential and commercial sectors through research, development, and demonstration.

Not Available

1991-05-01

172

Selecting Sites for Renewable Energy Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use Google Earth to investigate a variety of renewable energy sources and select sites within the United States that would be appropriate for projects based on those sources.

Richard, Glenn A.; University, Mineral P.; On the Cutting Edge Collection, Science Education Resource Center (SERC)

173

State Energy Data Report Supplement: Consumption Estimates, 1960-1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Estimated US and State energy consumption is presented for each year from 1960 through 1983. Summarized from the primary volume of this report are: energy consumption, per capita energy consumption, consumption by type (coal, natural gas, petroleum, nucle...

1985-01-01

174

Biogas, renewable energy resource for Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing countries are in critical energy crisis. Pakistan spends almost 7 billion US$ on import of fossil fuels annually to congregate its energy needs. The renewable and sustainable energy resources are best substitute to the conventional fuels and energy sources. Pakistan takes the opportunity to have almost 159 million animals producing almost 652millionkg of manure daily from cattle and buffalo

Syed S. Amjid; Muhammad Q. Bilal; Muhammad S. Nazir; Altaf Hussain

2011-01-01

175

State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

Not Available

1993-05-01

176

China Rationalizes Its Renewable Energy Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and

Jack H. Su; Simone S. Hui; Kevin H. Tsen

2010-01-01

177

China rationalizes its renewable energy policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and

Jack H. Su; Simone S. Hui; Kevin H. Tsen

2010-01-01

178

Hybrid renewable energy system development in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes PEA's programme on design, implementation and evaluation of pilot hybrid renewable energy systems for electrification of remote villages in Thailand. It is proposed that three hybrid energy systems namely, PV\\/Microhydro\\/Diesel\\/Battery, PV\\/Diesel\\/Battery and PV batteryless grid connected power stations be installed to demonstrate and evaluate advanced renewable technologies. Methodologies used in systems design, descriptions and operations of the

P. Kruangpradit; W. Tayati

1996-01-01

179

Think GREEN - Utilizing Renewable Solar Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Solar energy is radiant energy that is produced by the Sun. Every day the Sun radiates an enormous amount of energy. How much solar energy a place on Earth receives depends on several conditions. In this lesson, students will explore real NASA satellite data for energy from the Sun and cloud cover for their area to determine if they can harness this solar energy, a renewable energy source, by using a solar collector. They will develop skills in graphing and reading graphs.

180

Power marketing and renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

Power marketing refers to wholesale and retail transactions of electric power made by companies other than public power entities and the regulated utilities that own the generation and distribution lines. The growth in power marketing has been a major development in the electric power industry during the last few years, and power marketers are expected to realize even more market opportunities as electric industry deregulation proceeds from wholesale competition to retail competition. This Topical Issues Brief examines the nature of the power marketing business and its relationship with renewable power. The information presented is based on interviews conducted with nine power marketing companies, which accounted for almost 54% of total power sales by power marketers in 1995. These interviews provided information on various viewpoints of power marketers, their experience with renewables, and their respective outlooks for including renewables in their resource portfolios. Some basic differences exist between wholesale and retail competition that should be recognized when discussing power marketing and renewable power. At the wholesale level, the majority of power marketers stress the commodity nature of electricity. The primary criteria for developing resource portfolios are the same as those of their wholesale customers: the cost and reliability of power supplies. At the retail level, electricity may be viewed as a product that includes value-added characteristics or services determined by customer preferences.

Fang, J.M.

1997-09-01

181

76 FR 6605 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) AGENCY: Department...Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open...

2011-02-07

182

75 FR 69655 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) AGENCY: Department...Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open...

2010-11-15

183

Environmental impacts of renewable energy sources  

SciTech Connect

The global attention has always been focused on the adverse environmental impacts of conventional energy sources. In contrast nonconventional energy sources, particularly the renewable ones, have enjoyed a clean image vis a vis environmental impacts. The only major exception to this general trend has been large hydropower projects; experience has taught that they can be disastrous for the environment. The belief now is that mini hydro and microhydro projects are harmless alternatives. But are renewable energy sources really as benign as is widely believed? The present essay addresses this question in the background of Lovin`s classical paradigm which had postulated the hard (malignant) and soft (benign) energy concepts in the first place. It then critically evaluates the environmental impacts of major renewable energy sources. It then comes up with the broad conclusion that renewable energy sources are not the panacea they are popularly perceived to be; indeed in some cases their adverse environmental impacts can be as strongly negative as the impacts of conventional energy sources. The paper also dwells on the steps needed to utilize renewable energy sources without facing environmental backlashes of the type experienced from hydropower projects.

Abbasi, S.A.; Abbasi, N. [Pondicherry Univ., Kalapet Pondicherry (India). Centre for Pollution Control and Biowaste Energy

1997-09-01

184

Energy consumption and economic activities in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The causal relationship between overall GDP, industrial and agricultural value added and consumption of different kinds of energy are investigated using vector error correction model for the case of Iran within 1967–2003. A long-run unidirectional relationship from GDP to total energy and bidirectional relationship between GDP and gas as well as GDP and petroleum products consumption for the whole economy

Mehrzad Zamani

2007-01-01

185

Module 5: Introduction to Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Eastern Iowa Community College provides this learning module to teach students about renewable energy on farms, energy storage and distribution, PURPA legislation, and a number of other topics related to agricultural energy. Users can download a zip file in which they will find a syllabus, student handouts, a quiz, and 55 slide PowerPoint presentation.

2013-11-19

186

Renewable energy alternatives for developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines renewable energy alternatives in developed countries: environmental mechanisms; future energy alternatives; green electricity marketing and its potential; pricing; and limitations on the eve of open access. It discusses objectives in electricity restructuring; the role of resources planning in forming long range energy environmental policies; feasibility of electricity trading mechanisms; green marketing in the United States and Australia;

Thomas James Hammons; Jeannette C. Boyer; Stephen R. Conners; Michael Davies; Mark Ellis; Marion Fraser; Edward A. Holt; Jochen Markard

2000-01-01

187

History and Future of Renewable Solar Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many thousands of years the use of solar energy has shaped human settlements and cities, farming and forestry, architecture and buildings, landscapes and territories, religious beliefs and cultures, and social relations and lifestyles on Earth. Cesare Silvi from the Italian Group for the History of Solar Energy (GSES)1 asks whether renewable solar energy could now power the world in

Cesare Silvi

2008-01-01

188

Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Course Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on renewable energy sources including solar energy, wind power, hydropower, fuel cells, biomass, and alternative transportation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-05-23

189

LRBOI Tribal Renewable Energy-Final Report  

SciTech Connect

In 2011, a DOE Tribal energy Program first Steps Human Capacity was awarded to the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI). The main purpose of the grant was to increase human capacity of LRBOI, to understand the components of renewable energy and the importance of energy efficiency. This report summarizes the activities, the outcomes, and the lessons learned during this grant.

Hawley, David A.

2013-12-17

190

Career Directions--Renewable Energy Systems Integrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy systems are beginning to appear everywhere. Solar modules are creating "blue roofs" that convert the energy from the sun into household electricity. Solar thermal systems on roofs can generate hot water. Wind turbines catch breezes to provide even more electricity. Recommendations for saving energy, specifying systems for…

Fleeman, Stephen R.

2012-01-01

191

Revitalize Electrical Program with Renewable Energy Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting a renewable energy technology (RET) program can be as simple as shifting the teaching and learning focus of a traditional electricity program toward energy production and energy control systems. Redirecting curriculum content and delivery to address photovoltaic solar (PV solar) technology and small wind generation systems is a natural…

Karns, Robert J.

2012-01-01

192

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies (CEERT) is a nonprofit organization of concerned scientists, environmentalists, public interest advocates and innovative technology companies. CEERT advocates sustainable electric generation policies, clean vehicles, and energy efficiency and conservation. Their web site features the latest topics surrounding sustainable energy including Harnessing CA Solar Power, Reducing Coal Demand Fuels, and Transportation Fuel.

2008-09-09

193

Tunisia Renewable Energy Project systems description report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1979, the Agency for International Development (AID) initiated a renewable energy project with the Government of Tunisia to develop an institutional capability to plan and institute renewable energy technologies in a rural area. The specific objective of the district energy applications subproject was to demonstrate solar and wind energy systems in a rural village setting. The NASA Lewis Research Center was asked by the AID Near East Bureau to manage and implement this subproject. This report describes the project and gives detailed desciptions of the various systems.

Scudder, L. R.; Martz, J. E.; Ratajczak, A. F.

1986-01-01

194

Renewable Energy Living Lab: The Bright Idea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate the feasibility of solar energy and other renewable energy sources in different U.S. locations. Working in small groups, students act as engineers evaluating the suitability of installing solar panels at four company locations. They access data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab from which they make calculations and analyze how successful solar energy generation would be, as well as the potential for other power sources at those locations. Then they summarize their results, analysis and recommendations in the form of feasibility plans prepared for a CEO.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

195

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Sill, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Sill, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Sill took place on June 10, 2010.

Boyd, Brian K.; Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

2011-03-31

196

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Polk, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Polk, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Polk took place on February 16, 2010.

Solana, Amy E.; Boyd, Brian K.; Horner, Jacob A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Orrell, Alice C.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

2010-11-17

197

Renewable energy atlas of the United States.  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) and other federal land management agencies to evaluate existing and proposed renewable energy projects. Much of the content of the Atlas was compiled at Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to support recent and current energy-related Environmental Impact Statements and studies, including the following projects: (1) West-wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) (BLM 2008); (2) Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2010); (3) Supplement to the Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2011); (4) Upper Great Plains Wind Energy PEIS (WAPA/USFWS 2012, in progress); and (5) Energy Transport Corridors: The Potential Role of Federal Lands in States Identified by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 368(b) (in progress). This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software; describes each of the components of the Atlas; lists the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and provides a brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies.

Kuiper, J.A.; Hlava, K.Greenwood, H.; Carr, A. (Environmental Science Division)

2012-05-01

198

Global renewable energies: a dynamic study of implementation time, greenhouse gas emissions and financial needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current worldwide energy consumption is largely dominated by non-renewable energies such as coal, oil and gas. For well-known reasons, this concept should be changed to a more sustainable one based on renewables. As learned from history, a transition from one energy system to another has always taken about 100 years. A dynamic material flow model is developed to simulate some

Hans-Peter Bader; Ruth Scheidegger; Markus Real

2006-01-01

199

76 FR 80355 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open teleconference...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

2011-12-23

200

76 FR 54224 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open meeting...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

2011-08-31

201

78 FR 29749 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE- 2G), U.S....

2013-05-21

202

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Education Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) believes that "educating students, teachers, and consumers is the other key to finding new renewable ways to power our homes, businesses, and cars." This site is full of important educational resources such as classroom activities, online quizzes, and fact sheets that deal with renewable energy technology and applied sciences. In the Educational Resources area, visitors can make their way through several dozen lesson plans, including "History of Solar Cells," "Teacher's Guide to Wind Energy," and "School Energy Audit." Moving on, the DOE Undergraduate Internships & Graduate Fellowships area gives interested parties access to application forms for the Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program and the Graduate Fellowship Program. The site is rounded out by information on the annual Junior Solar Sprint & Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car Competition.

2012-07-20

203

Essays in renewable energy and emissions trading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental issues have become a key political issue over the past forty years and has resulted in the enactment of many different environmental policies. The three essays in this dissertation add to the literature of renewable energy policies and sulfur dioxide emissions trading. The first essay ascertains which state policies are accelerating deployment of non-hydropower renewable electricity generation capacity into a states electric power industry. As would be expected, policies that lead to significant increases in actual renewable capacity in that state either set a Renewables Portfolio Standard with a certain level of required renewable capacity or use Clean Energy Funds to directly fund utility-scale renewable capacity construction. A surprising result is that Required Green Power Options, a policy that merely requires all utilities in a state to offer the option for consumers to purchase renewable energy at a premium rate, has a sizable impact on non-hydro renewable capacity in that state. The second essay studies the theoretical impacts fuel contract constraints have on an electricity generating unit's compliance costs of meeting the emissions compliance restrictions set by Phase I of the Title IV SO2 Emissions Trading Program. Fuel contract constraints restrict a utility's degrees of freedom in coal purchasing options, which can lead to the use of a more expensive compliance option and higher compliance costs. The third essay analytically and empirically shows how fuel contract constraints impact the emissions allowance market and total electric power industry compliance costs. This paper uses generating unit-level simulations to replicate results from previous studies and show that fuel contracts appear to explain a large portion (65%) of the previously unexplained compliance cost simulations. Also, my study considers a more appropriate plant-level decisions for compliance choices by analytically analyzing the plant level decision-making process to show how cost-minimization at the more complex plant level may deviate from cost-minimization at the generating unit level.

Kneifel, Joshua D.

204

Residential Energy Consumption Survey 1990: Consumption and Expenditure Tables (for Microcomputers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The tables on the diskette were taken from the two reports, 'Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1990' and 'Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1990 Supplement: Regional' (Consumption Report). The reports provide information on the use...

1990-01-01

205

International energy efficiency and renewable energy resources on the Internet  

SciTech Connect

A variety of sources of information on energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies are available on the Internet`s World Wide Web. These resources are sponsored and maintained by a myriad of organizations across the country and world. One expeditious way to access these resources is by using the U.S. Department of Energy`s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN). This network is a user-friendly computer link to Internet based information on energy conservation and renewable energy technologies and techniques. Numerous international sources of information can be accessed through EREN including the International Energy Agency`s Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies (CADDET) and the Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange (GREENTIE). CADDET`s Register of demonstrated energy technologies provides an extensive guide to energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, and GREENTIE`s Directory of supplier information helps users access technology providers and experts.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meyer, R.D. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-10-01

206

A study on renewable energy resources in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy resources sector growth in India has been significant, even for electricity generation from renewable sources. Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat, which are renewable (naturally replenished). Even for the decentralized systems, the growth for solar home lighting systems has been 300%, solar lanterns 99% and solar photovoltaic

A. Ashwin Kumar

2010-01-01

207

Communication systems for grid integration of renewable energy resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. In this grid integration, communication systems are crucial technologies, which enable the accommodation of distributed renewable energy generation and play an extremely important role in monitoring, operating,

F. Richard Yu; Peng Zhang; Weidong Xiao; Paul Choudhury

2011-01-01

208

Energy and other non-renewable resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Anticipated U.S. demands for non-renewable energy and mineral resources exceed domestic supplies essential for economic growth. For the long term changes necessary in the energy supply and demand gap, new technologies and substitute materials as well as legislation and socio-economic strategies are elaborated.

1975-01-01

209

Economic Analysis of Renewable Energy Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the price of oil and natural gas continues to increase, reaching levels that threaten our local and national economy, the need to seek alternative sources of energy has become necessary to reduce our dependence on foreign oil and enhance homeland security. The USA has an abundance of renewable energies such as solar, wind, hydro and bio-fuels that need to

H. Tawfik; C. P. Rubenstein; N. Blackman; D. Mahajan

2006-01-01

210

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Biomass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers biomass energy technology, including biopower, biofuels and biobased products. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-23

211

Integrating renewable energy sources into European grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the integration of new sources of renewable energy into the power systems in Europe—challenges and possible solutions, application of wind power prediction tools for power system operation, new tasks that create new solutions for communication in distribution systems, wind power in Greece, integration of dispersed generation in Denmark, wind power in The Netherlands, EdF and distributed energy

T. J. Hammons

2008-01-01

212

Integrating Renewable Energy Sources into European Grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the integration of new sources of renewable energy into the power systems in Europe-challenges and possible solutions, application of wind power prediction tools for power system operation, new tasks that create new solutions for communication in distribution systems, wind power in Greece, integration of dispersed generation in Denmark, EdF and distributed energy resources in France, and new

T. J. Hammons

2006-01-01

213

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is

Nathan Lewis; Nancy Ryan Gray

2010-01-01

214

RP5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred

Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

2007-01-01

215

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

216

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

217

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

218

Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the U.S. economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

1994-05-01

219

Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

Not Available

1994-05-06

220

Solar energy education: Renewable energy activities for chemistry and physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information on renewable energy sources is provided for students in this teachers' guide. With the chemistry and physics student in mind, solar energy topics such as absorber plate coatings for solar collectors and energy collection and storage methods are studied.

221

Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software. The report also includes: ? A description of each of the components of the Atlas; ? Lists of the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and ? A brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies. The Atlas includes the following: ? A GIS database organized as a set of Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS Personal GeoDatabases, and ? ESRI ArcReader and ArcGIS project files providing an interactive map visualization and analysis interface.

Kuiper, J. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Hlava, K. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Greenwood, H. [Environmentall Science Division] [Environmentall Science Division; Carr, A. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division

2013-12-13

222

US conventional energy production, consumption, and conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1982, US per capita energy consumption decreased sharply for the third consecutive year. Marketed natural-gas production dropped with a severe loss in the industrial market, but domestic crude petroleum production increased slightly. Petroleum liquids consumption was down and crude oil imports fell. Products imports declined, even including additions to the strategic petroleum reserve. Coal production also declined. Trends and\\/or

1983-01-01

223

7 CFR 4280.165 - Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency...General Combined Funding for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency...165 Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy...

2013-01-01

224

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

225

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

226

7 CFR 4280.165 - Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency...General Combined Funding for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency...165 Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy...

2012-01-01

227

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

228

7 CFR 4280.165 - Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements.  

...false Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency...General Combined Funding for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency...165 Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy...

2014-01-01

229

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

230

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

231

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

232

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

233

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

234

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

235

7 CFR 4280.188 - Grant funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance. 4280...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance....

2012-01-01

236

75 FR 35766 - Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee and Solicitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...Notice of establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...announces the establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2010-06-23

237

77 FR 43807 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee; Extended Deadline for Solicitation of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...nominations to serve on the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...composition and purpose of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2012-07-26

238

76 FR 71312 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-11-17

239

75 FR 35450 - Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of...

2010-06-22

240

7 CFR 4280.188 - Grant funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance. 4280.188 Section... Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants § 4280.188 ...for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance. (a) Maximum grant...

2014-01-01

241

Renewable energy education for architects: lessons from developed and developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainability is a crucial issue for our times and architecture has an important role to play in sustainable development. Buildings are responsible for approximately 40% of the total world annual energy consumption. In addition, over the past decade, several new approaches have emerged for the incorporation of sustainability and renewable energy into architectural education. One way of reducing building energy

Mohammad Taleghani; Hamid R. Ansari; Philip Jennings

2010-01-01

242

Cumulative energy demand for selected renewable energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calculation of Cumulative Energy Demand (CED) of various energy systems and the computation of their Energy Yield Ratio (EYR)\\u000a suggests that one single renewable energy technology cannot be said to be the best. Due to the difference in availability\\u000a of renewable energy sources, their suitability varies from place to place. Wind energy converters, solar water heating systems\\u000a and photovoltaic systems

Dirk Giirzenich; Jyotirmay Mathur; Narendra Kumar Bansal; Hermann-Josef Wagner

1999-01-01

243

Renewable Energy for Sustainable Rural Village Power  

SciTech Connect

It is estimated that two billion people live without electricity and its services worldwide. In addition, there is a sizeable number of rural villages that have limited electrical service, with either part-day operation by diesel generator or partial electrification. For many villages connected to the grid, power is often sporadically available and of poor quality. The US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, has initiated a program that involves hybrid systems, to address these potential electricity opportunities in rural villages through the application of renewable energy technologies.1 The objective of this program is to develop and implement applications that demonstrate the technical performance, economic competitiveness, operational viability, and environmental benefits of renewable rural electric solutions, compared to the conventional options of line extension and isolated diesel mini-grids. Hybrid systems are multi-disciplinary, multi-technology, multi-application programs composed of six activities, including village applications development, computer model development, systems analysis, pilot project development, technical assistance, and Internet-based village power project data base. While the current program emphasizes wind, photovoltaics (PV), and their hybrids with diesel generator, micro-hydro and micro-biomass technologies may be integrated in the future. Thirteen countries are actively engaged in hybrid systems for rural and remote applications and another dozen countries have requested assistance in exploring wind/PV hybrid systems within their territories. At present rural/remote site application of renewable technologies is the fastest growing aspect of renewable energy worldwide.

Touryan, J. O. V.; Touryan, K. J.

1999-08-05

244

CREST: Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology, a 501(c)(3) organization in Washington, DC, announces Solstice, a file server with state-of-the-art information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, the environment, and sustainable community development.

245

Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is an education program involving three Historically Black Colleges and Universities and NASA's John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. These three universities; Central State University (CSU), Savannah State University (SSU) and Wilberforce University (WU) are working together with NASA Glenn to use the theme of renewable energy to improve the science, engineering and technology education of minority students and to attract minority students to these fields. In this vein, a renewable energy laboratory course is being offered at WU with the goal of giving the students of WU and CSU hands on experiences. As part of this course, the students are constructing solar light posts for a local high school with a high minority population. A Physics teacher from this school and some of his high school students are involved with this project. A lecture course on energy systems and sustainability is being developed by SSU to be delivered via distance reaming to the other institutions. Summer activities are being planned at all three institutions involving student projects in renewable energy. For example, WU students will work on a study of the synthesis and properties of photovoltaic materials. In addition, CSU will present a weeklong summer program to high school students with the assistance of WU. This presentation will focus on the student involvement and achievements in the educational area to date and plot the future course of this program.

Buffinger, D. R.; Fuller, C. W.; Gordon, E. M.; Kalu, A.; Hepp, Aloysius F. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

246

How might renewable energy technologies fit in the food-water-energy nexus?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Feeding the growing population in the U.S. will require additional land for crop and livestock production. Similarly, a growing population will require additional sources of energy. Renewable energy is likely to play an increased role in meeting the new demands of electricity consumers. Renewable energy technologies can differ from conventional technologies in their operation and their siting locations. Many renewable energy technologies have a lower energy density than conventional technologies and can also have large land use requirements. Much of the prime area suitable for renewable energy development in the U.S. has historically been used for agricultural production, and there is some concern that renewable energy installations could displace land currently producing food crops. In addition to requiring vast expanses of land, both agriculture and renewable energy can require water. The agriculture and energy sectors are responsible for the majority of water withdrawals in the U.S. Increases in both agricultural and energy demand can lead to increases in water demands, depending on crop management and energy technologies employed. Water is utilized in the energy industry primarily for power plant cooling, but it is also required for steam cycle processes and cleaning. Recent characterizations of water use by different energy and cooling system technologies demonstrate the choice of fuel and cooling system technologies can greatly impact the withdrawals and the consumptive use of water in the energy industry. While some renewable and conventional technology configurations can utilize more water per unit of land than irrigation-grown crops, other renewable technology configurations utilize no water during operations and could lead to reduced stress on water resources. Additionally, co-locating agriculture and renewable energy production is also possible with many renewable technologies, avoiding many concerns about reductions in domestic food production. Various metrics exist for defining land use impacts of energy technologies, with little consensus on how much total land is impacted or is necessary. Here we characterize the land use requirements of energy technologies by comparing various metrics from different studies, providing ranges of the potential land impact from alternative energy scenarios. Land use requirements for energy needs under these scenarios are compared with projected land use requirements for agriculture to support a growing population. The water implications of various energy and food scenarios are analyzed to provide insights into potential regional impacts or conflicts between sectors.

Newmark, R. L.; Macknick, J.; Heath, G.; Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Roberts, B.

2011-12-01

247

77 FR 64106 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Trade Policy Mission to Chile  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Trade...Administration (ITA) is organizing a Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RE...Government support for Chile's renewable energy goals. The mission...

2012-10-18

248

76 FR 57956 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive Business Development Mission; Clarification and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...supplement to the Notice of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...permit), interested U.S. renewable energy firms and trade...

2011-09-19

249

Student Outreach With Renewable Energy Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is a joint grant that involves a collaboration between three HBCU's (Central State University, Savannah State University, and Wilberforce University) and NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. The overall goal of the grant is to increase the interest of minority students in the technical disciplines, to encourage participating minority students to continue their undergraduate study in these disciplines, and to promote graduate school to these students. As a part of SORET, Central State University has developed an undergraduate research associates program over the past two years. As part of this program, students are required to take special laboratory courses offered at Wilberforce University that involve the application of renewable energy systems. The course requires the students to design, construct, and install a renewable energy project. In addition to the applied renewable energy course, Central State University provided four undergraduate research associates the opportunity to participate in summer internships at Texas Southern University (Renewable Energy Environmental Protection Program) and the Cleveland African-American Museum (Renewable Energy Summer Camp for High School Students) an activity co sponsored by NASA and the Cleveland African-American Museum. Savannah State University held a high school summer program with a theme of the Direct Impact of Science on Our Every Day Lives. The purpose of the institute was to whet the interest of students in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) by demonstrating the effectiveness of science to address real world problems. The 2001 institute involved the design and installation of a PV water pumping system at the Center for Advanced Water Technology and Energy Systems at Savannah State. Both high school students and undergraduates contributed to this project. Wilberforce University has used NASA support to provide resources for an Applied Renewable Energy Laboratory offered to both Central State and Wilberforce students. In addition, research endeavors for high school and undergraduates were funded during the summer. The research involved attempts to layer photovoltaic materials on a conducting polymer (polypyrrole) substrate. Two undergraduate students who were interested in polymer research originated this concept. Finally, the university was able to purchase a meteorological station to assist in the analysis of the solar/wind hybrid power system operating at the university.

Clark, Eric B. (Technical Monitor); Buffinger, D.; Fuller, C.; Kalu, A.

2003-01-01

250

Renewable Energy Projects for Developing Countries Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This workshop was given by Michel Maupoux at Portland Community College's 2009 Summer Sustainability Institute. It focused on how to design and implement renewable energy systems in rural communities. The group looked at small off-grid solar photovoltaic systems for community buildings and options for water pumping systems.This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Maupoux, Michel

2011-12-22

251

Strategies to promote renewable energy in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is the result of recent research that has been developed in Brazil in cooperation with international research centers. The aim is to analyze the best strategies for maintaining the high share of renewable sources in Brazil's electric power generation system. The results show that, for the time horizon considered, the country still has plentiful energy resources available,

Amaro Olimpio Pereira Jr.; André Santos Pereira; Emilio Lèbre La Rovere; Martha Macedo de Lima Barata; Sandra de Castro Villar; Silvia Helena Pires

2011-01-01

252

Renewable Energy Reading List for Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a list of 17 publications dealing with various aspects of renewable energy resources. These publications are suitable for students in grades 6 through 12. Each publication includes title, publication date, source, number of pages, cost, and when applicable, recommended grade level(s). (JN)

Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

253

Cool energy. Renewal solutions to environmental problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book begins with a chapter describing some of the economic and environmental consequences of America's fossil-fuel-based economy. It makes the case that, despite some progress in reducing pollution from fossil fuels, no lasting cure for the deteriorating environment - in particular, the looming threat of global warming - is possible without developing alternative fuel sources. That renewable energy can

Brower

1992-01-01

254

Desalination using renewable energy in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history and performance of renewable energy driven desalination plants in Australia are reviewed. Included are the 3 500 m2 of solar stills built in South Australia in 1966, the two small scale photovoltaic reverse osmosis (RO) plants currently operating in Central Australia, a larger containerised photovoltaic RO plant from Western Australia, a Wind Powered RO Plant in Shark Bay,

D. G. Harrison; G. E. Ho; K. Mathew

1996-01-01

255

Renewable energy: Externality costs as market barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the impact of environmentally based market failure constraints on the adoption of renewable energy technologies through the quantification in financial terms of the externalities of electric power generation, for a range of alternative commercial and almost-commercial technologies. It is shown that estimates of damage costs resulting from combustion of fossil fuels, if internalised into the price of

Anthony D. Owen

2006-01-01

256

Cost data for renewable energy systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report is presented on a project to develop a parametric cost modelling capability for estimating the cost of new and as yet unbuilt energy technologies, particularly renewables. The object was to develop a data base of cost per unit weight multipliers ...

D. J. Egan M. Hulme N. D. Mortimer

1992-01-01

257

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has...

D. Wall J. Zughbi N. Clifton

2007-01-01

258

A review on buildings energy consumption information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapidly growing world energy use has already raised concerns over supply difficulties, exhaustion of energy resources and heavy environmental impacts (ozone layer depletion, global warming, climate change, etc.). The global contribution from buildings towards energy consumption, both residential and commercial, has steadily increased reaching figures between 20% and 40% in developed countries, and has exceeded the other major sectors:

Luis Pérez-Lombard; José Ortiz; Christine Pout

2008-01-01

259

Dynamic Analysis of Drying Energy Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

A concept of instantaneous drying and energy efficiencies has been applied to analyze energy consumption in a through-circulation conveyor dryer and a batch fluid bed dryer for synthetic rubber. It is shown that the energy performance of the conveyor dryer can be improved by leveling of the moisture content distribution across the material layer by mechanical agitation, and sectioning of

N. V. Menshutina; M. G. Gordienko; A. A. Voynovskiy; T. Kudra

2004-01-01

260

Financing the alternative: renewable energy in developing and transition countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the determinants of credit allocation to renewable energy firms in developing and transition countries. Using a simple en- dogenous growth model, we show that the development of the renewable energy sector, i.e. the diversification of renewable energy resources used in primary energy production, depends on the quality of financial intermedia- tion, debtor information costs to banks, and

Christa N. Brunnschweiler

2006-01-01

261

Defining Agriculture-Based Renewable Energy Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) presents this report identifying and defining "the intersection of two broad occupational fields: agriculture and renewable energy (RE)." The results of the workshop, held in 2010, are included here. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item. The material is available in PDF file format.

2012-11-14

262

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for industry  

SciTech Connect

This publication presents current efforts by the US DOE Office of Industrial Technologies to increase national end-use efficiency and promote renewable energy use in industrial applications. This also entails reducing industrial and municipal waste and the associated environmental impacts and hazards. The transfer of research results to commercial practice in such industries as petroleum refining, chemicals, primary metals, pulp and paper, food, and textiles is a vital step in energy conservation. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-10-01

263

A study on the wind as a potential of renewable energy sources in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developed countries, level of future demand for electricity are expected to increase rapidly. Even though, it is still unclear, but by referring to the present consumption of energy, it can be easily predicted. Due to this and the effect of global warming from the sources used nowadays, has made some countries promote new type of energy known as `renewable

M. B. Farriz; A. N. Azmi; N. A. M. Said; A. Ahmad; K. A. Baharin

2010-01-01

264

Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe residing on the Pyramid Lake Reservation in western Nevada. The funding for this project was used to identify blind geothermal systems disconnected from geothermal sacred sites and develop a Tribal energy corporation for evaluating potential economic development for profit.

John Jackson

2008-03-14

265

Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe residing on the Pyramid Lake Reservation in western Nevada. The funding for this project was used to identify blind geothermal systems disconnected from geothermal sacred sites and develop a Tribal energy corporation for evaluating potential economic development for profit.

John Jackson

2008-01-01

266

Climate Kids: Renewable Energy Scientist  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to a scientist who works primarily on wind energy. He explains the importance of wind farm placement planning. Images of architectural wind and a wind farm are included, along with a link to the Power Up game. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

267

International Data Base for the U.S. Renewable Energy Industry  

SciTech Connect

The International Data Base for the US Renewable Energy Industry was developed to provide the US renewable energy industry with background data for identifying and analyzing promising foreign market opportunities for their products and services. Specifically, the data base provides the following information for 161 developed and developing countries: (1) General Country Data--consisting of general energy indicators; (2) Energy Demand Data--covering commercial primary energy consumption; (3) Energy Resource Data--identifying annual average insolation, wind power, and river flow data; (4) Power System Data--indicating a wide range of electrical parameters; and (5) Business Data--including currency and credit worthiness data.

none

1986-05-01

268

78 FR 26394 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments AGENCY...report to USTR in investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments....

2013-05-06

269

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents trend analyses of various financial terms for solar photovoltaic (PV) projects and concentrated solar power (CSP) projects as reported in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (...

K. Cory M. Mendelsohn R. Hubbell T. Lowder

2012-01-01

270

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) follow-on renewable energy (RE) assessment of Fort Hood. Fort Hood receives many solicitations from renewable energy vendors who are interested in doing projects on site. Based on specific requests from Fort Hood staff so they can better understand these proposals, and the results of PNNL's 2008 RE assessment of Fort Hood, the following resources were examined in this assessment: (1) Municipal solid waste (MSW) for waste-to-energy (WTE); (2) Wind; (3) Landfill gas; (4) Solar photovoltaics (PV); and (5) Shale gas. This report also examines the regulatory issues, development options, and environmental impacts for the promising RE resources, and includes a review of the RE market in Texas.

Solana, Amy E.; Warwick, William M.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Parker, Kyle R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Manning, Anathea

2011-11-14

271

Nanomaterials for renewable energy production and storage.  

PubMed

Over the past decades, there have been many projections on the future depletion of the fossil fuel reserves on earth as well as the rapid increase in green-house gas emissions. There is clearly an urgent need for the development of renewable energy technologies. On a different frontier, growth and manipulation of materials on the nanometer scale have progressed at a fast pace. Selected recent and significant advances in the development of nanomaterials for renewable energy applications are reviewed here, and special emphases are given to the studies of solar-driven photocatalytic hydrogen production, electricity generation with dye-sensitized solar cells, solid-state hydrogen storage, and electric energy storage with lithium ion rechargeable batteries. PMID:22990530

Chen, Xiaobo; Li, Can; Grätzel, Michaël; Kostecki, Robert; Mao, Samuel S

2012-12-01

272

Renewable Energy Opportunities Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe  

SciTech Connect

The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe has a vision to become self-sufficient in its energy needs and to maintain its culture and protect Mother Earth with respect and honor for the next seven generations. To achieve this vision, green energy sources such as solar, wind and biomass energy are the best energy paths to travel. In this feasibility study the Tribe has analyzed and provided data on the nature of the renewable resources available to the Tribe and the costs of implementing these technologies.

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe Planning Department; Smiley, Steve; Bennett, Keith, DOE Project Officer

2008-10-22

273

Anomaly detection in premise energy consumption data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demand Response (DR) programs are designed to reduce energy consumption for relatively short time periods (e.g., a few hours per event). It has been widely recognized that DR can help to meet both reliability and market needs. In order for DR programs to achieve their full benefits, however, it is critical for utilities to accurately predict the reduction in energy

Yi Zhang; Weiwei Chen; Jason Black

2011-01-01

274

Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

1982-03-01

275

The status of renewable energy technology  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies convert naturally occurring phenomena into useful energy forms. These technologies use resources that generally are not depleted, such as the direct energy (heat and light) from the sun and the indirect results of its impact on the earth (wind, falling water, heating effects, plant growth), gravitational forces (the tides), and the heat of the Earth's core (geothermal), as the sources from which they produce useful energy. These very large stores of natural energy represent a resource potential that is incredibly massive -- dwarfing that of equivalent fossil energy resources. The magnitude of these resources is, therefore, not a key constraint on energy production. However, they are generally diffuse and not fully accessible, some are intermittent, and all have distinct regional and local variability. It is these aspects of their character that give rise to difficult, but generally solvable, technical, institutional, and economic challenges inherent in development and use of renewable energy resources. This report discusses the technologies and their associated energy source.

Schueler, D.G.

1992-01-01

276

The status of renewable energy technology  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies convert naturally occurring phenomena into useful energy forms. These technologies use resources that generally are not depleted, such as the direct energy (heat and light) from the sun and the indirect results of its impact on the earth (wind, falling water, heating effects, plant growth), gravitational forces (the tides), and the heat of the Earth`s core (geothermal), as the sources from which they produce useful energy. These very large stores of natural energy represent a resource potential that is incredibly massive -- dwarfing that of equivalent fossil energy resources. The magnitude of these resources is, therefore, not a key constraint on energy production. However, they are generally diffuse and not fully accessible, some are intermittent, and all have distinct regional and local variability. It is these aspects of their character that give rise to difficult, but generally solvable, technical, institutional, and economic challenges inherent in development and use of renewable energy resources. This report discusses the technologies and their associated energy source.

Schueler, D.G.

1992-05-01

277

16 CFR 260.15 - Renewable energy claims.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Renewable energy claims. 260.15 Section...MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.15 Renewable energy claims. (a) It is deceptive...product or package is made with renewable energy or that a service uses...

2014-01-01

278

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section 73.26...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator will allocate...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of the Acid...

2013-07-01

279

“Social capitalism” in renewable energy generation: China and California comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a population of over 1.3 billion people, demand for renewable energy is expected to grow to a USD $12 billion market in the near term. Under Renewable Energy Law (REL) in February 2005 in the People's Republic of China (PRC) passed by the National Congress, renewable energy projects will be able to receive a range of financial incentives starting

Woodrow W. Clark II; Xing Li

2010-01-01

280

Energy consumption series: Development of the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The implementation and results of the proceedings concerning the Energy Information Administration assessment of the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) are documented in this report. The text and Appendices C, D, and E summarize the background...

1992-01-01

281

Renewable energy: Externality costs as market barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper addresses the impact of environmentally,based market,failure constraints on the adoption,of renewable,energy technologies through the quantification in financial terms of the externalities of electric power generation, for a range of alternative commercial and almost-commercial technologies. It is shown that estimates of damage costs resulting from combustion of fossil fuels, if internalised into the price of the resulting output

D. Owen

282

Renewable Energy Planning: Multiparametric Cost Optimization  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a method for determining the combination of renewable energy technologies that minimize life-cycle cost at a facility, often with a specified goal regarding percent of energy use from renewable sources. Technologies include: photovoltaics (PV); wind; solar thermal heat and electric; solar ventilation air preheating; solar water heating; biomass heat and electric (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion); and daylighting. The method rests upon the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) capabilities in characterization of technology cost and performance, geographic information systems (GIS) resource assessment, and life-cycle cost analysis. The paper discusses how to account for the way candidate technologies interact with each other, and the solver routine used to determine the combination that minimizes life-cycle cost. Results include optimal sizes of each technology, initial cost, operating cost, and life-cycle cost, including incentives from utilities or governments. Results inform early planning to identify and prioritize projects at a site for subsequent engineering and economic feasibility study.

Walker, A.

2008-01-01

283

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: Fuel switching, 1985  

SciTech Connect

The Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) provides comprehensive data on energy use by manufacturing industries in the United States, including their fuel-switching capabilities. The impact on manufacturing production of an interruption in the supply of a particular fuel can be mitigated if manufacturers have the capability to switch to alternate fuels. Similarly, in a period of substantial changes in the relative prices of fuels, manufacturers that can switch to less expensive fuels will have an economic advantage. Information about the ability of manufacturing establishments to switch to alternative fuels provides valuable information for assessing the nation's vulnerability to supply disruptions and the effects on manufacturers of other changes in energy markets. This report is the second data report based on the 1985 MECS. It provides information on the fuel-switching capabilities of manufacturing industries in the United States. The first report, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption of Energy, 1985, presented a comprehensive description of energy consumption by manufacturing industries. The MECS covers all manufacturing industries. Not included in this report are mining, agriculture, construction and electric utilities. 4 figs., 14 tabs.

Not Available

1988-12-20

284

North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industry Census 2008  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this report from the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association on renewable energy and energy efficiency in that state. The report focuses on data collected for the year 2008. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-03-15

285

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to assess the feasibility of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. A solar energy project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of potential future energy savings, increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a solar project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Technical appropriateness; ? Solar resource characteristics and expected system performance; ? Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) economic assessment. The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to prepare a biomass resource assessment study and evaluate the feasibility of a bioenergy project on Community land. A biomass project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a biomass project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Resource analysis and costs; ? Identification of potential bioenergy projects; ? Technical and economic (levelized cost of energy) modeling for selected project configuration.

Rooney, Tim [Antares Group Inc.] [Antares Group Inc.

2013-10-30

286

Manufacturing energy consumption survey: Methodological report 1985  

SciTech Connect

The information obtained from the MECS (Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey) will be used to construct a data base for the manufacturing sector concerning its acquisition, consumption, and disposition of energy, and its fuel-switching capability. The MECS provides data needed for analyses in DOE, other Federal agencies, State governments, and the private sector. Most important, it is the only data set on the energy consumption of the manufacturing sector that is both statistically reliable and comprehensive. From 1974 through 1981, the Census Bureau provided EIA with data on consumption of purchased fuels and electric energy. Fuel stocks data were provided for 1978-1981. These data were available in ''Fuels and Electric Energy Consumed,'' an EIA-funded supplement to the ''Annual Survey of Manufactures'' (ASM). This supplement provided benchmarks for energy consumption in the manufacturing sector and was the principal source of energy data for analysts and policymakers throughout the United States. The MECS system was designed to collect more comprehensive energy data than were collected previously, while providing as much continuity as possible with the previous ASM series. This report describes the history of the development of the MECS system and the methodology used in implementing the two MECS forms administered in 1986 to collect 1985 data. Both Forms EIA-846(F) and EIA-846(S) are parts of the MECS survey system, resulting from the same development and consensus-building process. Therefore, MECS development will be discussed as a unified whole and the two forms mentioned separately only when they are being discussed specifically.

Not Available

1988-11-28

287

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: 35 Years of Innovation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure is an overview of NREL's innovations over the last 35 years. It includes the lab's history and a description of the laboratory of the future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency. NREL's work focuses on advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to the commercial marketplace through industry partnerships. The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, a partnership between Battelle and MRIGlobal, manages NREL for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Not Available

2012-04-01

288

New renewable energy technologies and products. [USA  

SciTech Connect

This entire issue of Commercial News USA is devoted to the title subject and highlights new renewable energy products available for export that have been developed and manufactured by US companies. One main section is devoted to Technology Status and includes solar thermal; solar thermal power systems; biomass; photovoltaic; wind energy power generation; low-head hydro; and ocean energy systems. The other main section is New Products USA and includes air collectors and systems; flat plate liquid collectors and systems; concentrating collectors and systems; photovoltaic products and systems; biomass systems; industrial process heat; energy efficiency/conservation; instrumentation; and educational and research aids. Shorter sections are devoted to US Government (and non-Government) sponsored events overseas; trade events in the US; trade associations; licensing and investment proposals; trade and technical literature; additional listing of journals; selected US government publications on renewable energy technologies; other sources of information; and glossary of key terms. Two articles prepared especially for this special issue of Commercial News USA were abstracted separately: one by Dr. David Christensen of the University of Alabama, Huntsville and the other by George P. Lewett, Office of Energy-Related Inventions/NBS.

Not Available

1981-04-01

289

Concentrating renewable energy in grid-tied datacenters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Datacenters, the large server farms that host widely used Internet services, account for a larger fraction of world- wide carbon emissions each year. Increasingly, datacenters are reducing their emissions by using clean, renewable energy from rooftop solar panels to partially power their servers. While some customers value renewable-powered servers, many others are indifferent. We argue that renewable energy produced on

Nan Deng; Christopher Stewart; Jing Li

2011-01-01

290

Identification of alternating renewal electric load models from energy measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In statistical load modeling methodologies, aggregate electric load behavior is derived by propagating the ensemble statistics of an individual load process which is representative of the loads in the aggregate. Such a modeling philosophy tends to yield models whereby if physical meaning is present at the elemental level, it is preserved at the aggregate level. This property is essential for applications involving direct control of power system loads (for peak load shaving purposes, for example). The potential applicability of statistical load models is a strong function of one's ability to limit the volume of unusual data required to build those. An identification algorithm for a previously proposed stochastic hybrid-state Markov model of individual heating-cooling loads is presented. It relies only on data routinely gathered in power systems (device energy consumption over constant time intervals). It exploits an alternating renewal viewpoint of the load dynamics. After deriving some general results on the occupation statistics of time homogeneous alternating renewal processes, the analysis is focused on the specific model. In the process, however, some intriguing features likely to be shared by a wide class of alternating renewal processes are revealed.

El-Ferik, Sami; Malhame, Roland P.

1994-06-01

291

Renewable Energy Applications for Rural Development in China  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a description of current work to promote and support the developing market for renewable (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in China. Since the signing of the US/China Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology Development and Utilization in 1995, NREL has helped to promote RE and EE technologies, specifically rural energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and renewable energy business development, in addition to more general policy and planning support. This paper focuses on NREL's work in support of the $240 million Township Electrification Program, which is providing power to over 1000 rural communities using renewable based energy sources.

Ku, J.; Baring-Gould, E. I.; Stroup, K.

2005-01-01

292

Lowering of Energy Consumption in Plastics Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this research is to explore the potentials of a new plastics processing device--the Recycle Screw--to lower energy consumption and to improve the overall efficiency of the plastics extrusion process. The method used to conduct the researc...

I. Klein R. Klein D. W. Riley

1978-01-01

293

Parking, energy consumption and air pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impacts of different ways of parking on environmental effects, mainly vehicle emissions and air pollution. Vehicle energy consumption and the urban air quality at street level, related to location and design of parking establishments, need to be assessed and quantified. In addition, the indoor parking environment needs attention.This paper gives a description of a methodological approach

Paul G. Höglund

2004-01-01

294

IC test using the energy consumption ratio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic-current based test techniques can potentially address the drawbacks of traditional and Iddq test methodologies. The qual- ity of dynamic current based test is degraded by process variations in IC manufacture. The energy consumption ratio (ECR) is a new metric that improves the effectiveness of dynamic current test by reducing the impact of process variations by an order of magni-

Wanli Jiang; Bapiraju Vinnakota

1999-01-01

295

Compression Techniques for Minimum Energy Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low power sensor nodes are integral parts of large- scale wireless sensor networks, which find extensive applications in domains such as military surveillance, transportation control, and environmental monitoring. This paper explores energy- consumption trade-offs associated with lossless data compression in low power sensor nodes. We focus specifically on compression of acoustic signals. The processing of acoustic signals in digital form

Sebastian Puthenpurayil; Ruirui Gu; Shuvra S Bhattacharyya

2006-01-01

296

Computer Profile of School Facilities Energy Consumption.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines a computerized management tool designed to enable building managers to identify energy consumption as related to types and uses of school facilities for the purpose of evaluating and managing the operation, maintenance, modification, and planning of new facilities. Specifically, it is expected that the statistics generated…

Oswalt, Felix E.

297

Role of Energy Storage with Renewable Electricity Generation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, have vast potential to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions in the electric sector. Climate change concerns, state initiatives including renewable portfolio standards, and consume...

B. Kirby E. Ela M. Milligan P. Denholm

2010-01-01

298

Renewable Energy at NASA's Johnson Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Johnson Space Center has implemented a great number of renewable energy systems. Renewable energy systems are necessary to research and implement if we humans are expected to continue to grow and thrive on this planet. These systems generate energy using renewable sources - water, wind, sun - things that we will not run out of. Johnson Space Center is helping to pave the way by installing and studying various renewable energy systems. The objective of this report will be to examine the completed renewable energy projects at NASA's Johnson Space Center for a time span of ten years, beginning in 2003 and ending in early 2014. This report will analyze the success of each project based on actual vs. projected savings and actual vs. projected efficiency. Additionally, both positive and negative experiences are documented so that lessons may be learned from past experiences. NASA is incorporating renewable energy wherever it can, including into buildings. According to the 2012 JSC Annual Sustainability Report, there are 321,660 square feet of green building space on JSC's campus. The two projects discussed here are major contributors to that statistic. These buildings were designed to meet various Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certification criteria. LEED Certified buildings use 30 to 50 percent less energy and water compared to non-LEED buildings. The objectives of this project were to examine data from the renewable energy systems in two of the green buildings onsite - Building 12 and Building 20. In Building 12, data was examined from the solar photovoltaic arrays. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater system. By examining the data from the two buildings, it could be determined if the renewable energy systems are operating efficiently. Objectives In Building 12, the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays shows that the system is continuously collecting energy from the sun, as shown by the graph below. Building 12 has two solar inverters, located on the second floor, that collected the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays. The data displayed here is the total energy produced by the system. These are cumulative amounts, so the last point on the graph shows all of the energy collected from the system since the start of its operation. The data shown here was manually collected from the solar inverters. However, the data is also automatically recorded through EBI. Through analysis of both sets of data it was determined that the EBI data was faulty. For example, from the manually collected data it can be determined that a total of 73 kWh of energy was collected between the dates of 1/16/2014 – 1/22/2014. The EBI data reports that approximately 17800 kWh of energy was collected during the same time frame. Not only does this exceed the time frame examined, but it also exceeds the total energy collected from the start of collection as recorded from the inverters. This leads to the belief that there is a malfunction with the automatic recording of the energy. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater dating back many months and found that the pump for the solar water heater system was not operating properly, as exhibited in the graph shown below. The pump operates on a solar energy system, meaning that it collects energy throughout the day from the sun. Because of this, the system would stop operating shortly after the sun set because of a lack of sunlight. At that point, the graph should show a zero flow rate, but as exhibited in the graph below, that is not the case. It is clearly shown that the pump is continuously operating, even during the night. It was also observed that the majority of the time the pump would not turn on at all, despite good weather conditions. This led to the conclusion that the pump is malfunctioning, and needs to be examined and fixed.

McDowall, Lindsay

2014-01-01

299

Solar energy education. Renewable energy activities for general science  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy topics are integrated with the study of general science. The literature is provided in the form of a teaching manual and includes such topics as passive solar homes, siting a home for solar energy, and wind power for the home. Other energy topics are explored through library research activities. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

300

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for biology  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid for teachers is presented that will allow biology students the opportunity to learn about renewable energy sources. Some of the school activities include using leaves as collectors of solar energy, solar energy stored in wood, and a fuel value test for green and dry woods. A study of organic wastes as a source of fuel is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1982-01-01

301

Renewable energy resources and technologies practice in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bangladesh has very limited nonrenewable energy resources of its own. She is facing energy crisis and serious desertification problem in rural areas. These issues could be removed if renewable energy is used as a primary source of energy in rural areas. It is essential for scientists and researchers to find out the renewable energy resources and effective technologies. Bangladesh is

M. Rofiqul Islam; M. Rabiul Islam; M. Rafiqul Alam Beg

2008-01-01

302

Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

2011-07-01

303

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of April 1, 2003 to June 30, 2003. However, IEUA is preparing a Supplemental report that will be mailed to the Department of Energy (DOE) by August 1, 2003, that provides additional information regarding IEUA's plan to expedite certain project activities. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings, discussions, and engineering and design activities that took place to finalize the project scope of work and complete the Request for Proposal (RFP) for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. IEUA has decided to invite three more consulting engineering firms besides CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, to submit proposals for the design of the energy efficiency project. The proposals are currently in the evaluation phase and a decision is expected by the end of July. IEUA moved to its new headquarters building on June 13, 2003. The central plant is the system that supplies cooling and heating water to the headquarters building, and it primarily consists of equipment listed in the cooperative agreement under ''Chiller and Heater''. The central plant equipment was successfully installed and started. Other activities include gas analysis of three sources of low quality digester gas and foul air which could be used as fuel for an innovative flex microturbine. IEUA is also working with Stirling Energy Systems to determine if the Agency should be a host site for their equipment for testing the engine's operation on digester and natural gas. A matching funds update is also included in the Results and Discussion section, which presents the work effort performed by the PIER Consultant and the associated costs that serve as matching funds for the RP-5 Project during this report period.

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2003-07-28

304

Financing Public Sector Projects with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds; Fact Sheet Series on Financing Renewable Energy Projects, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing a tax credit to the bondholder in lieu of interest pay...

C. Kreycik J. Couglin

2009-01-01

305

Electrical energy consumption control apparatuses and electrical energy consumption control methods  

DOEpatents

Electrical energy consumption control apparatuses and electrical energy consumption control methods are described. According to one aspect, an electrical energy consumption control apparatus includes processing circuitry configured to receive a signal which is indicative of current of electrical energy which is consumed by a plurality of loads at a site, to compare the signal which is indicative of current of electrical energy which is consumed by the plurality of loads at the site with a desired substantially sinusoidal waveform of current of electrical energy which is received at the site from an electrical power system, and to use the comparison to control an amount of the electrical energy which is consumed by at least one of the loads of the site.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2012-09-04

306

Reliability based socio economic optimal renewable energy model for India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and biomass have to play a vital role in the developing countries like India in order to meet the growing energy demand. In the last five years, some renewable energy sources had emerged as technically and economically viable alternatives in the energy sector, as a result, more ambitious plans for their dissemination were

S Iniyan; L Suganthi; T. R Jagadeesan; Anand A Samuel

2000-01-01

307

Current status and perspectives of renewable energy sources in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using renewable energy sources is one of the crucial components of the sustainable development, giving rational economic, ecological and social effects. Developed countries notice the necessity of emission reduction from combustion of energy fuels processes and the necessity of seeking alternative energy resources. Support for development of the use of renewable energy sources became a very important objective within the

J. Paska; M. Sa?ek; T. Surma

2009-01-01

308

Gauging the future competitiveness of renewable energy in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to assess the likely competitiveness of different forms of renewable energy in Colombia over the next 25 years. To this end, it compares the likely power production cost for a set of renewable energy sources, and compares them to the likely long-run cost of traditional energy. Costs from global and local externalities through the use of traditional energy

Georg Caspary

2009-01-01

309

A control methodology for renewable energy integrations in distribution systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a systematic control methodology for intermittent renewable energy integrations in low voltage distribution systems considering operating constraints and limits. An output feedback decentralized controller is synthesized for renewable generators using a linear quadratic robust control strategy. The change in volatile renewable generations is considered as an uncertain term in the design algorithm. The designed controller, for both

M. J. Hossain; T. K. Saha; N. Mithulananthan

2011-01-01

310

Matching renewable energy systems to village-level energy needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides a five step process for matching alternative renewable energy technologies with energy needs in rural villages of developing countries. Analytic tools are given for each of the five steps as well as information that can be expected. Twelve characterization criteria are developed to assist in the matching process. Three of these criteria, called discrimination criteria, are used

J. H. Ashworth; J. W. Neuendorffer

1980-01-01

311

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Alternative Energy- New Directions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers new directions for alternative energy such as thermoacoustics, thermoelectrics, magnetocalorics, sun heat thermochemical storage, liquid metal batteris and fusion. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-23

312

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Wind Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers wind energy production and includes details on theory of operation, sizes and types of turbines. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-08-02

313

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Storage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy storage challenges. Some of the information includes details on ultracapacitors, flywheels, battery storage and other related technologies. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-22

314

Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where were going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and

John R. Kaufmann; James R. Hand; Mark A. Halverson

2011-01-01

315

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program. Bibliography, 1993 edition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bibliography contains listings of publicly available reports, journal articles, and published conference papers sponsored by the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and published between 1987 and mid-1993. The topics of Bibliography include: analysis and evaluation; building equipment research; building thermal envelope systems and materials; district heating; residential and commercial conservation program; weatherization assistance program; existing buildings

1993-01-01

316

Inventory of Renewable Energy Resources Eligible for the Maryland Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard and Credit Trading Act, signed into law on May 26, 2004, is scheduled to take effect on January 1, 2006. The purpose of this analysis and report is to quantify the existing resources eligible to meet the Maryland re...

J. McVeigh J. Cohen K. Porter C. Mudd M. Lee

2006-01-01

317

Technological learning and renewable energy costs: implications for U.S. renewable energy policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the relationship between current renewable energy technology costs and cumulative production, research, development and demonstration expenditures, and other institutional influences. Combining the theoretical framework of 'learning by doing' and developments in 'learning by searching' with the fields of organizational learning and institutional economics offers a complete methodological framework to examine the underlying capital cost trajectory when developing

Jon D. Erickson; Peter Holmes Kobos; Thomas E. Drennen

2004-01-01

318

Technological learning and renewable energy costs: implications for US renewable energy policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the relationship between current renewable energy technology costs and cumulative production, research, development and demonstration expenditures, and other institutional influences. Combining the theoretical framework of ‘learning by doing’ and developments in ‘learning by searching’ with the fields of organizational learning and institutional economics offers a complete methodological framework to examine the underlying capital cost trajectory when developing

Peter H. Kobos; Jon D. Erickson; Thomas E. Drennen

2006-01-01

319

Merging nitrogen management and renewable energy needs.  

PubMed

The ARBRE (ARable Biomass Renewable Energy) project, the first large-scale wood-fueled electricity generating plant in the U.K., represents a significant development in realising British and European policy objectives on renewable energy. The plant is fueled by a mix of wood from short rotation coppice (SRC) and forest residues. Where feasible, composted/conditioned sewage sludge is applied to coppice sites to increase yields and improve soil structure. In the Yorkshire Water region, typical total N:P:K composition of composted/conditioned sludge is 2.9:3.8:0.3, respectively. Sludge application is calculated on the basis of total nitrogen (N) content to achieve 750 kg N ha(-1), for 3 years" requirement. Willow coppice forms a dense, widely spaced, root network, which, with its long growing season, makes it an effective user of nutrients. This, in combination with willow"s use as a nonfood, nonfodder crop, makes it an attractive route for the recycling of sewage sludge in the absence of sea disposal, banned under the EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (UWWTD). Further work is required on the nutritional requirements of SRC in order to understand better the quantities of sludge that can be applied to SRC without having a detrimental impact on the environment. This paper suggests the source of N rerouting under the UWWTD and suggests the likely expansion of SRC as an alternative recycling pathway. PMID:12805825

Wilson, E; Chapman, P J; McDonald, A

2001-11-22

320

Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R&D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.

Ruth, M.; Antkowiak, M.; Gossett, S.

2011-12-01

321

RenewableNY - An Industrial Energy Conservation Initiative  

SciTech Connect

The New York Industrial Retention Network (NYIRN) manages the RenewableNY program to assist industrial companies in New York City to implement energy efficiency projects. RenewableNY provides companies with project management assistance and grants to identify opportunities for energy savings and implement energy efficiency projects. The program helps companies identify energy efficient projects, complete an energy audit, and connect with energy contractors who install renewable energy and energy efficient equipment. It also provides grants to help cover the costs of installation for new systems and equipment. RenewableNY demonstrates that a small grant program that also provides project management assistance can incentivize companies to implement energy efficiency projects that might otherwise be avoided. Estimated savings through RenewableNY include 324,500 kWh saved through efficiency installations, 158 kW of solar energy systems installed, and 945 thm of gas avoided.

Lubarr, Tzipora

2009-09-30

322

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Hydro Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers hydro energy, including tidal, wave and other sources of hydro energy. The presentation is quite extensive and includes a great amount of detail on this source of energy. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-25

323

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred during the award period. The RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project, under development by the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA), is comprised of a series of full-scale demonstration projects that will showcase innovative combinations of primary and secondary generation systems using methane gas derived from local processing of biosolids, dairy manure and other organic material. The goal of the project is to create renewable energy-based generation systems with energy efficiencies 65% or more. The project was constructed at the 15 MGD Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 5 located in the City of Chino in California where the Agency has constructed its new energy-efficient (platinum-LEED rating) headquarters building. Technologies that were featured in the project include internal combustion engines (ICE), absorption chillers, treatment plant secondary effluent cooling systems, heat recovery systems, thermal energy storage (TES), Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) secondary power generation system, the integration of a future fuel cell system, gas cleaning requirements, and other state-of-the-art design combinations. The RP-5 REEP biogas source is coming from three manure digesters which are located within the RP-5 Complex and are joined with the RP-5 REEP through gas conveyance pipelines. Food waste is being injected into the manure digesters for digester gas production enhancement. The RP-5 REEP clearly demonstrates the biogas production and power generation viability, specifically when dealing with renewable and variable heating value (Btu) fuel. The RP-5 REEP was challenged with meeting stringent utility, gas, power, and air quality rules and regulations. Coordination with the Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), Southern California Edison (SCE), and South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) was continuous and extensive. The interconnecting agreement and the permit to construct and operate were major obstacles despite the early start and coordination with the utility companies and regulatory agencies. The RP-5 REEP is part of a unique RP-5 Complex approach where several facilities are tied and connected with each other; where energy and gas can be transferred from one facility to another (see attached RP-5 Complex Ultimate Energy Balance Diagram). The REEP also incorporated new technologies, such as TES and ORC, along with using heat recovery for the platinum-LEED headquarter buildings heating and cooling via efficient absorption chillers. Through the conceptual design phase, numerous innovative technologies were researched and evaluated, with the most proven and efficient selected to be part of the RP-5 REEP.

Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

2007-06-30

324

Generation of renewable energy certificates from distributed procedures  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A system and method for recorded renewable energy certificates from power produced by small power generators is provided. An appliance can include a renewable energy source and electronics to monitor and control the charging of batteries in the appliance utilizing power from the renewable energy source. Power from the batteries can be utilized to power or charge external devices. The electronics also records the total power production from the renewable energy source and uploads transaction records to either an external device for transmission to a records server or uploads it directly to the records server itself. The records server compiles the transaction records and generates renewable energy certificates by aggregating the transaction records. Renewable energy certificates can be redeemed in exchange for real or virtual goods and services.

2014-01-14

325

Revised CTUIR Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This preliminary assessment of renewable energy resources on the Umatilla Indian Reservation (UIR) has been performed by CTUIR Department of Science and Engineering (DOSE). This analysis focused primarily identifying renewable resources that may be applied on or near the Umatilla Indian Reservation. In addition preliminary technical and economic feasibility of developing renewable energy resources have been prepared and initial land use planning issues identified. Renewable energies examined in the course of the investigation included solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, wind, bioethanol, bio-diesel and bio-pellet fuel. All renewable energy options studied were found to have some potential for the CTUIR. These renewable energy options are environmentally friendly, sustainable, and compliment many of the policy goals of the CTUIR. This report seeks to provide an overall review of renewable energy technologies and applications. It tries to identify existing projects near to the CTUIR and the efforts of the federal government, state government and the private sector in the renewable energy arena. It seeks to provide an understanding of the CTUIR as an energy entity. This report intends to provide general information to assist tribal leadership in making decisions related to energy, specifically renewable energy deve lopment.

John Cox; Thomas Bailor; Theodore Repasky; Lisa Breckenridge

2005-10-31

326

Wind energy: A renewable energy option  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wind turbine generator research programs administered by the Energy Research and Development Administration are examined. The design and operation of turbine demonstration models are described. Wind assessments were made to determine the feasibility of using wind generated power for various parts of the country.

Zimmerman, J. S.

1977-01-01

327

Nonresidential Building Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS)  

SciTech Connect

Imputation procedures were designed for the 1983 Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) using 1979 NBECS data. The study included methodology development, data analysis, regression analyses, empirical evaluations of the regression models, and imputation procedures. Models considered were engineering models, stepwise regression, weighted regression, nonlinear regression, and log transformation regression. A method for determining the appropriateness of the imputation model for a particular set of independent variables is recommended. Although this study was completed in 1985, this final version of the report is being issued due to continuing requests for information. 32 tabs.

Flanagan, D.M.; Tsao, H.J.; Schmoyer, R.L. Jr.; MacDonald, J.M.

1990-10-01

328

An agglomerative hierarchical clustering tool for renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wind power based energy generation technologies are intensively studied in renewable energy generation issues since last century. The main demands directed to a renewable energy source are being reliable, sustainable and low-cost. Several studies are performed to increase the efficiency of an installed wind power plants. The preliminary analyses such as geographical structures, climate conditions, and land topography should

Ilhami Colak; Ersan Kabalci; Mehmet Yesilbudak; H. Ibrahim Bulbul

2011-01-01

329

Renewable energy in the South Pacific—options and constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last fifteen years the small island nations in the South Pacific have seen the introduction of various forms of renewable energy technologies. In spite of high expectations from the development of indigenous renewable energy resources using nonconventional approaches (wind power, wave power, ocean thermal energy conversion, biogas digestors, biomass gasifiers), these technologies have largely failed to develop into

M Jafar

2000-01-01

330

Renewable energy sources for water desalting in Tunisia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achievements and potential of coupling between renewable energy sources and brackish or seawater desalting technologies in Tunisia have been investigated. These sources of energy, mainly solar, wind and geothermal, have been identified throughout the country, and their suitability for coupling with different desalting technologies has been investigated. Renewable energies are expected to have a flourishing future and an important role

Imed Houcine; Fethi Benjemaa; Mohamed-Hachemi Chahbani; Mohamed Maalej

1999-01-01

331

Public opinion and communicative action around renewable energy projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates how rural communities negotiate the development of renewable energy projects. Public and local community acceptance of these new technologies in rural areas around the world is uncertain and spatially uneven and represents an area of emerging public policy interest and one where scholarly theory is rapidly developing. This thesis uses Habermasian concepts of public sphere, communicative action and deliberative democracy, as well as the concept of "wicked problems" from the planning studies literature combined with geographical concepts of place and scale to advance theoretical and empirical understanding of how public opinion on renewable energy technologies is formed in place. It documents energy use patterns, attitudes and socio-political relations at a time when considerable state and business efforts are directed at the construction of solar, wind, biomass and small-hydro technologies in rural regions. These concepts and theories are applied in a case study of rural communities in the Eastern Ontario Highlands, an impoverished area undergoing rapid restructuring driven by centralization of services and amenity migration but with abundant natural resources in form of forests, numerous waterways and open space which have attracted a broad range of new energy developments. Overall high levels of support for alternative energy development particularly for solar power were found, albeit for reasons of local energy security and not for reasons of preventing climate change. There was some evidence that seasonal residents are less supportive of hydro and biomass projects than permanent residents possibly reflecting broader trends in rural economies away from productive uses of land to consumptive appreciation of rural landscapes. The thesis suggests that collective action to advance energy projects in the case study area require agreement along three world-claims (truth, rightness and truthfulness) and that communication leading to discourse which uncovers hitherto hidden reasons for action is possible. These findings offer rare empirical evidence of the predictions of deliberative democratic theory in environmental planning settings. However, multiple barriers to communicative action were also identified and there is evidence that the state's reliance on market incentives may have long term costs in terms of diminished public reasoning around renewable energy.

Fast, Stewart

332

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2012-01-01

333

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2014-01-01

334

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2013-01-01

335

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2011-01-01

336

Role of Renewable Energy Certificates in Developing New Renewable Energy Projects  

SciTech Connect

For more than a decade, renewable energy certificates (RECs) have grown in use, becoming a common way to track ownership of the renewable and environmental attributes of renewable electricity generation. In recent years, however, questions have risen about the role RECs play in the decision to build new renewable energy projects. Information from a variety of market participants suggests that the importance of RECs in building new projects varies depending on a number of factors, including electricity market prices, the cost-competitiveness of the project, the presence or absence of public policies supportive of new projects, contract duration, and the perspective of different market participants. While there is no single answer to the role that RECs play, there are situations in which REC revenues are essential to project economics, as well as some where REC revenues may have little impact. To strengthen the role RECs play in both compliance and voluntary markets, there are a number of options that could be considered. In compliance markets, lawmakers or regulators would have to adopt measures that strengthen the role of RECs in the development of new projects, while in voluntary markets, it would be up to program leaders and market participants themselves to implement measures.

Holt, E.; Sumner, J.; Bird, L.

2011-06-01

337

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2011-10-01

338

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2012-10-01

339

75 FR 6378 - Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership Covanta Energy Marketing LLC Covanta Power...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ER10-409-000, ER10-410-000] Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership Covanta Energy Marketing LLC...notice that, on February 1, 2010, Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership, Covanta Energy Marketing...

2010-02-09

340

Alternative energy: Can renewable energy sources replace fossil fuels  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuels have been the prime mover of industrial life for some 200 years. The burning of coal and oil have saved inestimable amounts of time and labor while substantially raising living standards around the world. But many scientists now say the use of fossil fuels, which account for 85% of US energy use, contributes to global warming and could ultimately threaten the planet's future. That concern, coupled with America's growing dependence on insecure fuel sources, has sparked new interest in alternatives. Unlike in the 1970s, however, this time renewable energy may be more than just a fad. Technological advancements have made the economics of wind and solar power much more competitive. Moreover, public utilities are beginning to consider the environmental costs of cheap fossil fuels. This article discusses the background, energy strategies, wind power, solar power, nuclear power, biomass energy, alternative-fuel automobiles, and economic analysis of using renewable energy sources.

Griffin, R.D.

1992-07-10

341

Impacts on the transmission grid for integrations of renewable energy in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the increasing recognitions in renewable energy worldwidely, the development of renewable energy has also become major alternative energy resources in Taiwan. This paper presents impact studies on the transmission grid for integrations of renewable energy in Taiwan. First, Taiwan's renewable energy policy will be briefly reviewed. Recent developments about integrations of renewable energy in the transmission grid will

Chyou-Jong Lin; Chia-Chi Chu; Chung-Liang Chang; Yuin-Hong Liu; Yuh-Fa Chuang

2011-01-01

342

The Energy Economics of Financial Structuring for Renewable Energy Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation focuses on the various financial structuring options for the renewable energy sector. The projects in this sector are capital-intensive to build but have relatively low operating costs in the long run when compared to traditional energy resources. The large initial capital requirements tend to discourage investors. To encourage renewable investments the government needs to provide financial incentives. Since these projects ultimately generate returns, the government's monetary incentives go to the sponsors and tax equity investors who build and operate such projects and invest capital in them. These incentives are usually in the form of ITCs, PTCs and accelerated depreciation benefits. Also, in some parts of the world, carbon credits are another form of incentive for the sponsors and equity investors to invest in such turnkey projects. The relative importance of these various considerations, however, differs from sponsor to sponsor, investor to investor and from project to project. This study focuses mainly on the US market, the federal tax benefits and incentives provided by the government. This study focuses on the energy economics that are used for project decision-making and parties involved in the transaction as: Project Developer/Sponsor, Tax equity investor, Debt investor, Energy buyer and Tax regulator. The study fulfils the knowledge gap in the decision making process that takes advantage of tax monetization in traditional after-tax analysis for renewable energy projects if the sponsors do not have the tax capacity to realize the total benefits of the project. A case-study for a wind farm, using newly emerging financial structures, validates the hypothesis that these renewable energy sources can meet energy industry economic criteria. The case study also helps to validate the following hypotheses: a) The greater a sponsor's tax appetite, the tower the sponsor's equity dilution. b) The use of leverage increases the cost of equity financing and the financing fee. c) Capital contributions by the sponsor are not relevant to the rate of return (IRR) over the life of the project. Overall conclusion is that financial structures can have a major impact on renewable energy, meeting energy demand in an economic manner. At the end, the dissertation lays down the foundation for future research that can be conducted in this field. Key Words: Renewable energy investments, structured finance, financial structuring

Rana, Vishwajeet

343

Self-contained renewable energy system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an integrated system for exploiting renewable energy sources, the system comprising: (a) a solar heat collector; (b) a low heat engine, and heat conducting means between the solar collector and the engine; (c) a wind power generator comprising propeller means for tapping energy from wind; (d) an electric generator means, and mechanical connection means between the propeller and the electric generator means; (e) storage battery means in electrical conduction with the electric generator means for storing wind energy; (f) electrical load means for operating various devices; (g) power control switches, the power control switches being in electrical conduction with the electrical generator means, the load means, and the storage battery means, such that any two of the load means can be alternatively or simultaneously in electrical conduction with the generator means and the storage batteries; (h) pump drive means for transferring power from the low-heat engine; (i) mechanical pumping means in driven connection with the pump drive means and designed to be powered by the low-heat engine.

Perry, J.H. Jr.; Bhatt, B.K.; Capps, J.; Eldridge, P.M.; Greiner, L.; Lockyer, R.W.; Martin, M.; McNeice, R.R.; Misiaszek, S.M.; Perry, S.S.

1988-10-11

344

Renewable energy technologies and its adaptation in an urban environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This general article is based on the inaugural talk delivered at the opening of OMTAT 2013 conference. It notes that the integration of renewable energy sources into living and transport sectors presents a daunting task, still. In spite of the fact that the earth and its atmosphere continually receive 1.7 × 1017 watts of radiation from the sun, in the portfolio of sustainable and environment friendly energy options, which is about 16% of the world's energy consumption and mostly met by biomass, only a paltry 0.04% is accredited to solar. First and second generation solar cells offer mature technologies for applications. The most important difficulty with regards to integration with structures is not only the additional cost, but also the lack of sufficient knowledge in managing the available energy smartly and efficiently. The incorporation of PV as a part of building fabric greatly reduces the overall costs compared with retrofitting. BIPV (Building Integrated photovoltaic) is a critical technology for establishing aesthetically pleasing solar structures. Infusing PV and building elements is greatly simplified with some of the second generation thin film technologies now manufactured as flexible panels. The same holds true for 3rd generation technologies under development such as, and dye- and quantum dot- sensitized solar cells. Additionally, these technologies offer transparent or translucent solar cells for incorporation into windows and skylights. This review deals with the present state of solar cell technologies suitable for BIPV and the status of BIPV applications and its future prospects.

Thampi, K. Ravindranathan; Byrne, Owen; Surolia, Praveen K.

2014-01-01

345

Renewable energy policy and electricity market reforms in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the potential effectiveness of the renewable energy policy in China and its regulatory Law framework. It frames the option of renewable energy technology within the background of the long-lasting electricity problems that China has faced including serious supply shortages, reliance on coal, and severe environmental contamination. Its dual administrative and ownership system based on state and privately

Judith A. Cherni; Joanna Kentish

2007-01-01

346

Applied general equilibrium analysis of renewable energy policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we develop an applied general equilibrium framework for assessing socio-economic impacts of alternative renewable energy policies and apply it to the bioenergy sector. The policy scenarios are assessed in a comparative static analysis. The numerical simulation results allow us to assess and compare welfare and distributional impacts of alternative renewable energy policies. Our empirical findings suggest that

d’Artis Kancs

2007-01-01

347

Educational and research challenges and opportunities related to renewable energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

With growing concerns for the environment and sustainability, renewable energy is receiving significant attention. As penetration of renewable energy increases there will be need for well qualified people for the workforce of the future to address the new challenges. Many in the current generation of students have only a passing knowledge of sustainability and few understand the fundamental technology issues

A. Pahwa; W. B. Kuhn; R. D. Miller; A. Rys

2011-01-01

348

Adapting California's energy markets to growth in renewable resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric power generation is the second-largest category of greenhouse gas emissions in California, next to transportation. California's administration, legislature, and energy regulators have adopted aggressive targets for renewable energy due to heavy reliance on natural gas as a fuel for electric generation, which will result in profound changes in markets and system operations. The growth of renewable in-state generation involves

James E. Price; Anjali Sheffrin

2010-01-01

349

Role of Energy Storage with Renewable Electricity Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, have vast potential to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions in the electric sector. Climate change concerns, state initiatives including renewable portfolio standards, and consumer efforts are resulting in increased deployments of both technologies. Both solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind energy have variable and uncertain (sometimes referred to as

Paul Denholm; Erik Ela; Brendan Kirby; Michael Milligan

2010-01-01

350

Renewable energy and the Fallacy of 'green' jobs  

SciTech Connect

As the United States economy continues to struggle, many politicians and energy regulators have adopted a ''green jobs'' mantra. They espouse the view that policies mandating renewable resources will provide both environmental and economic salvation. Quite simply, forcing consumers to buy high-cost electricity from subsidized renewable energy producers will not and cannot improve economic well-being. (author)

Lesser, Jonathan A.

2010-08-15

351

Development and utilization of renewable energy technologies in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The renewable energy program in the Philippines has a long history of aggressive technological development. Since 1973, the Philippines has reduced its oil dependency from 95% of the total energy mix to a present 64 percent. This paper summarizes selected on-going and completed projects which have utilized renewable technologies, describing country development plan.

Waddle, D.B.

1985-01-01

352

The potential for renewable energy in industrial applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, insufficient attention has been paid to the potential of renewable energy resources in industrial applications. Our analysis suggests that up to 21% of final energy demand and feedstock-use in the manufacturing industry sector could be of renewable origin by 2050, a five-fold increase over current levels in absolute terms. This estimate is considerably higher than other recent global

Emanuele Taibi; Dolf Gielen; Morgan Bazilian

353

Incentives and disincentives for using renewable energy: Turkish students’ ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A closed-form questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas of Turkish school students in years 7 and 8 (age 13–14 years) about renewable power generation. The questionnaire investigated students’ ideas about the characteristics of renewable energy, its perceived advantages and disadvantgaes, and, separately, their views about the importance of the characteristics of energy production; it is likely that

Ahmet K?l?nç; Martin Stanisstreet; Edward Boyes

2009-01-01

354

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for earth science  

SciTech Connect

A teaching manual is provided to aid teachers in introducing renewable energy topics to earth science students. The main emphasis is placed on solar energy. Activities for the student include a study of the greenhouse effect, solar gain for home heating, measuring solar radiation, and the construction of a model solar still to obtain fresh water. Instructions for the construction of apparatus to demonstrate a solar still, the greenhouse effect and measurement of the altitude and azimuth of the sun are included. (BCS)

Not Available

1980-01-01

355

Energy Storage Methods for Renewable Energy Integration and Grid Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inherent intermittency of the two fastest growing renewable energy sources, wind and solar, presents a significant barrier to widespread penetration and replacement of fossil-fuel sourced baseload generation. These intermittencies range from short term ramp events experienced by wind farms to the diurnal fluctuation of solar installations. In this paper, two options for short-to-medium term energy storage are presented: compressed

Dustin Shively; John Gardner; Todd Haynes; James Ferguson

2008-01-01

356

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2012-07-01

357

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2012-07-01

358

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2011-07-01

359

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2011-07-01

360

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2009-07-01

361

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2010-07-01

362

Green Learning Canada: Adventures in renewable energy technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is a collection of resources for secondary teachers and learners on renewable energy sources. It contains lesson plans and content support for clean energy technologies. Detailed construction plans are provided for students to construct working models of solar ovens, wind turbines, hydroelectric generators, and biogas generators. Related links and backgrounders in renewable energy basics, solar heat, solar electricity, wind power, water power, biomass energy, and other clean energy technologies are also provided.

2007-10-23

363

NREL's Renewable Energy Development Expertise Reduces Project Risks (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) success story fact sheet highlights a June 2012 solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. The fact sheet describes how technical assistance from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory enabled the U.S. Virgin Islands to realistically assess its clean energy resources and identify the most viable and cost-effective solutions to its energy challenges--resulting in a $65 million investment in solar energy in the territory.

Not Available

2012-12-01

364

Matching renewable energy systems to village-level energy needs  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a five step process for matching alternative renewable energy technologies with energy needs in rural villages of developing countries. Analytic tools are given for each of the five steps as well as information that can be expected. Twelve characterization criteria are developed to assist in the matching process. Three of these criteria, called discrimination criteria, are used for preliminary screening of technology possibilities for each need. The other criteria address site-specific temporal, climatic, social, cultural, and environmental characteristics of the energy need, technology, and cost considerations. To illustrate the matching process, seven basic human needs for energy are matched with seven potential renewable energy technologies. The final portion of the paper discusses the advantages of such a matching process and the resources required to initiate such an effort within a development project. Specific recommendations are given for field-testing this process and actions that could be taken immediately in basic research and development, applied research and technology modification, demonstrations, and commercialization to assist in the future diffusion of renewable energy technologies to rural areas of developing countries.

Ashworth, J.H.; Neuendorffer, J.W.

1980-06-01

365

Public perceptions of energy consumption and savings.  

PubMed

In a national online survey, 505 participants reported their perceptions of energy consumption and savings for a variety of household, transportation, and recycling activities. When asked for the most effective strategy they could implement to conserve energy, most participants mentioned curtailment (e.g., turning off lights, driving less) rather than efficiency improvements (e.g., installing more efficient light bulbs and appliances), in contrast to experts' recommendations. For a sample of 15 activities, participants underestimated energy use and savings by a factor of 2.8 on average, with small overestimates for low-energy activities and large underestimates for high-energy activities. Additional estimation and ranking tasks also yielded relatively flat functions for perceived energy use and savings. Across several tasks, participants with higher numeracy scores and stronger proenvironmental attitudes had more accurate perceptions. The serious deficiencies highlighted by these results suggest that well-designed efforts to improve the public's understanding of energy use and savings could pay large dividends. PMID:20713724

Attari, Shahzeen Z; DeKay, Michael L; Davidson, Cliff I; Bruine de Bruin, Wändi

2010-09-14

366

Public perceptions of energy consumption and savings  

PubMed Central

In a national online survey, 505 participants reported their perceptions of energy consumption and savings for a variety of household, transportation, and recycling activities. When asked for the most effective strategy they could implement to conserve energy, most participants mentioned curtailment (e.g., turning off lights, driving less) rather than efficiency improvements (e.g., installing more efficient light bulbs and appliances), in contrast to experts’ recommendations. For a sample of 15 activities, participants underestimated energy use and savings by a factor of 2.8 on average, with small overestimates for low-energy activities and large underestimates for high-energy activities. Additional estimation and ranking tasks also yielded relatively flat functions for perceived energy use and savings. Across several tasks, participants with higher numeracy scores and stronger proenvironmental attitudes had more accurate perceptions. The serious deficiencies highlighted by these results suggest that well-designed efforts to improve the public's understanding of energy use and savings could pay large dividends.

Attari, Shahzeen Z.; DeKay, Michael L.; Davidson, Cliff I.; Bruine de Bruin, Wandi

2010-01-01

367

Turkey's Energy Production, Consumption, and Policies, until 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy has always been critical for economic growth and social development. As economies develop, energy consumption grows more or less in parallel. An adequate and affordable energy supply is needed to meet the demands of industry, commerce, and domestic users and to enable the movement of people and goods. In this study, Turkish energy production, energy consumption, installed electric power

M. Ozturk; N. C. Bezir; N. Ozek

2009-01-01

368

DSP based power electronics interface for alternative /renewable energy systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an update on the research project involving the implementation of a DSP-based power electronics interface for alternate/renewable energy systems, that was funded by the Department of Energy under the Inventions and Innovations program.

1999-01-01

369

OUT Success Stories: Renewable Energy at the Olympics  

SciTech Connect

Many energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies were featured at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. Most of the projects that contributed to the Olympics continue to provide a meaningful demonstration and learning experience for the people of Atlanta.

Green, B.

2000-08-31

370

Renewable Energy Program Development Study and Dacum Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this study from Shoreline Community College on developing renewable energy programs. In addition to discussing renewable energy education, the report reviews national solar energy curricula. In depth information about curriculum development is also included. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2012-08-20

371

Renewable Energy Opportunties at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Dugway Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment.

Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Horner, Jacob A.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Nesse, Ronald J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

2010-05-31

372

Analysis of military-family-housing energy consumption. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

This study had two objectives: to determine whether energy consumption was comparable between MFH and non-MFH residences and to determine the feasibility of appreciably decreasing MFH energy consumption. The study found energy consumption tended to be greater in MFH. However, most of this difference is probably due to factors beyond the occupants' control such as house size, house construction, and equipment efficiency. Energy consumption in MFH and non-MFH residencies tended to be comparable under near equal conditions. Decreasing MFH energy consumption involves increasing the housing units' efficiency and decreasing the occupants' energy consumption. Increasing MFH energy efficiency can be accomplished by using more efficient equipment and appliances and using proper construction materials and techniques to reduce heat loss, heat gain, and number of air changes. These efforts result in a net energy and monetary savings as well as increased occupant comfort.

Jones, W.L.

1987-09-01

373

Renewable energy recovery through selected industrial wastes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Typically, industrial waste treatment costs a large amount of capital, and creates environmental concerns as well. A sound alternative for treating these industrial wastes is anaerobic digestion. This technique reduces environmental pollution, and recovers renewable energy from the organic fraction of those selected industrial wastes, mostly in the form of biogas (methane). By applying anaerobic technique, selected industrial wastes could be converted from cash negative materials into economic energy feed stocks. In this study, three kinds of industrial wastes (paper mill wastes, brown grease, and corn-ethanol thin stillage) were selected, their performance in the anaerobic digestion system was studied and their applicability was investigated as well. A pilot-scale system, including anaerobic section (homogenization, pre-digestion, and anaerobic digestion) and aerobic section (activated sludge) was applied to the selected waste streams. The investigation of selected waste streams was in a gradually progressive order. For paper mill effluents, since those effluents contain a large amount of recalcitrant or toxic compounds, the anaerobic-aerobic system was used to check its treatability, including organic removal efficiency, substrate utilization rate, and methane yield. The results showed the selected effluents were anaerobically treatable. For brown grease, as it is already well known as a treatable substrate, a high rate anaerobic digester were applied to check the economic effect of this substrate, including methane yield and substrate utilization rate. These data from pilot-scale experiment have the potential to be applied to full-scale plant. For thin stillage, anaerobic digestion system has been incorporated to the traditional ethanol making process as a gate-to-gate process. The performance of anaerobic digester was applied to the gate-to-gate life-cycle analysis to estimate the energy saving and industrial cost saving in a typical ethanol plant.

Zhang, Pengchong

374

RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This is the third quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of January 1, 2003 to March 31, 2003. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings, discussions, and engineering and design activities that took place to complete the conceptual design phase and finalize the scope of work for the project. As indicated in the previous reports, CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, is in charge of the analysis and evaluation of the innovative equipment and systems for the project. The PIER Consultant has submitted to Inland empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) the draft Conceptual Design Report for review and comments. IEUA has prepared a detailed scope of work for the whole project, which will be used by the consultant as a basis and a reference for submitting their proposal for the engineering and design services. This report also includes engineering work and procurement of vital equipment which is part of the new IEUA Headquarters Building's chilled water system. IEUA has performed a detailed technical and economical analysis to evaluate several potential options and scenarios for the configuration of the power generation equipment and systems for the project. Other activities in this report include meeting with Ormat, the manufacturer and potential supplier of the innovative organic bottoming cycle, which operates on heat recovered from engines exhaust system, to go over their scope of work and evaluate the system for the anticipated plant conditions and configurations. A matching funds update is also included in the Results and Discussion section, which presents the work effort performed by the PIER Consultant and the associated costs that serve as matching funds for the RP-5 Project.

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2003-04-30

375

Reducing DRAM Image Data Access Energy Consumption in Video Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents domain-specific techniques to reduce DRAM energy consumption for image data access in video processing. In mobile devices, video processing is one of the most energy-hungry tasks, and DRAM image data access energy consumption becomes increasingly dominant in overall video processing system energy consumption. Hence, it is highly desirable to develop domain-specific techniques that can exploit unique image

Yiran Li; Tong Zhang

2012-01-01

376

Trends in power electronics and control of renewable energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrical energy consumption continues to grow and more applications will be based on electricity in the next decades. We can expect that more 60 % of all energy consumption will be converted and used as electricity. It is a demand that production, distribution and use of electrical energy are done as efficient as possible. Further, emerging climate changes argues

F. Blaabjerg; F. Iov; T. Kerekes; R. Teodorescu

2010-01-01

377

Renewable energies in electricity generation for reduction of greenhouse gases in Mexico 2025.  

PubMed

This study presents 4 scenarios relating to the environmental futures of electricity generation in Mexico up to the year 2025. The first scenario emphasizes the use of oil products, particularly fuel oil, and represents the historic path of Mexico's energy policy. The second scenario prioritizes the use of natural gas, reflecting the energy consumption pattern that arose in the mid-1990s as a result of reforms in the energy sector. In the third scenario, the high participation of renewable sources of energy is considered feasible from a technical and economic point of view. The fourth scenario takes into account the present- and medium-term use of natural-gas technologies that the energy reform has produced, but after 2007 a high and feasible participation of renewable sources of energy is considered. The 4 scenarios are evaluated up to the year 2025 in terms of greenhouse gases (GHG) and acid rain precursor gases (ARPG). PMID:11928356

Islas, Jorge; Manzini, Fabio; Martínez, Manuel

2002-02-01

378

Residential energy consumption survey: housing characteristics 1984  

SciTech Connect

Data collected in the 1984 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), the sixth national survey of households and their fuel suppliers, provides baseline information on how households use energy. Households living in all types of housing units - single-family homes (including townhouses), apartments, and mobile homes - were chosen to participate. Data from the surveys are available to the public. The housing characteristics this report describes include fuels and the uses they are put to in the home; appliances; square footage of floorspace; heating (and cooling) equipment; thermal characteristics of housing structures; conservation features and measures taken; the consumption of wood; temperatures indoors; and regional weather. These data are tabulated in sets, first showing counts of households and then showing percentages. Results showed: Fewer households are changing their main heating fuel. More households are air conditioned than before. Some 50% of air-conditioned homes now use central systems. The three appliances considered essential are the refrigerator, the range, and the television set. At least 98% of US homes have at least one television set; but automatic dishwashers are still not prevalent. Few households use the budget plans tht are available from their utility companies to ease the payment burden of seasonal surges in fuel bills. The most common type of heating equipment in the United States is the natural-gas forced-air furnace. About 40% ofthose furnaces are at least 15 years old. The oldest water heaters are those that use fuel oil. The most common conservation feature in 1984 is ceiling or attic insulation - 80% of homes report having this item. Relatively few households claimed tax credits in 1984 for energy-conservation improvements.

Not Available

1986-10-08

379

Energy usage/consumption analysis for Woodstock Inn, Woodstock, Vermont  

SciTech Connect

A detailed analysis is given of energy consumption and energy use profiles for the Woodstock Inn, Woodstock, Vermont. Data were collected primarily during the heating and cooling seasons and show where energy is used, how much is used and when it is used. Energy consumption was measured in the kitchen and guest rooms, and was used for space heating and domestic water heating. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-12-01

380

Residential energy consumption: An analysis-of-variance study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report, tests of statistical significance of five sets of variables with household energy consumption (at the point of end-use) are described. Five models, in sequence, were empirically estimated and tested for statistical significance by using the Residential Energy Consumption Survey of the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. Each model incorporated additional information, embodied in a set

Poyer

1992-01-01

381

48 CFR 217.175 - Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. 217.175 Section...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. (a) The head...electricity from sources of renewable energy, as that term is defined...

2010-10-01

382

48 CFR 217.174 - Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. 217.174 Section...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. (a) The head...electricity from sources of renewable energy, as that term is defined...

2012-10-01

383

48 CFR 217.174 - Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. 217.174 Section...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. (a) The head...electricity from sources of renewable energy, as that term is defined...

2011-10-01

384

77 FR 24734 - Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Renewable Energy Program Leasing for Marine Hydrokinetic Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Renewable Energy Program Leasing for Marine Hydrokinetic...http://www.boem.gov/Renewable-Energy-Program/State-Activities...Michelle Morin, BOEM Office of Renewable Energy Programs, 381 Elden...

2012-04-25

385

48 CFR 217.174 - Multiyear contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. 217.174 Section 217...contracts for electricity from renewable energy sources. (a) The head of the contracting...electricity from sources of renewable energy, as that term is defined in section...

2013-10-01

386

Purification of phenol with reduced energy consumption  

SciTech Connect

Phenol (10) produced by the cleavage of cumene hydroperoxide is chemically treated with a base (12) such as a polyamine, is optionally then treated with an acid or acid anhydride (15) such as phthalic anhydride, is then steamed distilled (12) to remove a lites fraction as a water azeotrope (21) and the bottoms (34) of the steam distillation are vacuum distilled (35) to recover high purity phenol (36) as an overhead. The overheads (21) of the steam distillation are condensed (22) and may be phase separated (23) into an aqueous phase (25) and organic phase (24), with the aqueous phase (25) mixed (26) with an organic solvent (27) which preferentially dissolves benzofuran impurities. This mixture is phase separated into an organic solvent phase (30, 130) and a recycle aqueous phase (31). Alternatively, the entire condensed overheads (21) may be extracted (146-151 and 153) with organic solvent. In some forms, the organic solvent phase (130) is washed with aqueous base (142) to remove phenol and impurities and the organic solvent (127) is regenerated for again mixing with the aqueous phase. In other forms the organic solvent is a portion (152) of the high purity phenol product (36). This treatment and careful control of the chemical treatment to minimize formation of benzofuran impurities reduces the steam consumption of the steam distillation step, thereby producing high purity phenol with reduced energy consumption.

Cochran, J.R.; Hollenbach, G.E.; Insinger, T.H.; Piskorz, R.F.; Smith, A.M.

1981-11-03

387

Re: Inquiry into the Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment Bill 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rio Tinto looks forward to the Committee's critical appraisal of the legislation with a view to proposing amendments that enable the legislation to truly meet the government's objectives of efficiently encouraging renewables deployment in Australia, maintaining the competitiveness of Australia's value adding industry and ensuring the primacy of emissions trading in Australia's emissions mitigation effort. The current Renewable Energy Target

Stephen Creese

388

Technical change dynamics: evidence from the emerging renewable energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the respective contributions of the effects of learning and returns to scale in the capital costs reduction pattern experienced by renewables. Causality analysis and econometric estimation of learning curves are performed on two emerging renewable energy technologies, namely PV and wind. Learning effects appear as an essential driving force, a result which concurs with the widely acknowledged

Stéphane Isoard; Antonio Soria

2001-01-01

389

Quinault Indian Nation Renewable Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Quinault Indian Nation (Nation) initiated this study on conservation and production of renewable energy because this approach created the opportunity: • To become self-sufficient and gain greater control over the energy the Nation uses; • To generate jobs and businesses for its members; • To better manage, sustain, and protect its resources; • To express the cultural values of the Nation in an important new arena. The Nation has relatively small energy needs. These needs are concentrated at two separate points: the Quinault Beach Resort and Casino (QBRC) and Taholah on the Quinault Indian Reservation (QIR). Except for the town of Queets, energy needs are small and scattered. The needs vary greatly over the season. The small scale, widely dispersed, and variable nature of these needs presents a unique challenge to the Nation. Meeting these needs requires a resource and technology that is flexible, effective, and portable. Conservation is the most cost-effective way to meet any need. It is especially effective in a situation like this where production would leave a high per unit cost. This plan is based on first gaining energy savings through conservation. Major savings are possible through: 1. Upgrading home appliances on the QIR. 2. Weatherizing homes and facilities. 3. Changes in lighting/ventilation in the QBRC pool room. These elements of the plan are already being implemented and promise to save the Nation around a quarter of its present costs. Wood biomass is the best resource available to the QIN for energy production either on-site or for commercial development. It is abundant, flexible and portable. Its harvesting has high job potential and these jobs are a good fit for the present “skill set” of the QIN. This plan focuses on using wood biomass to produce energy and other value-added products. Our study considered various technologies and approaches to using wood for energy. We considered production for both on-site and commercial production. This plan calls for commercial-scale production only, with the QIN being the first “customer” for the product. This plan favors employing the pyrolysis technology to produce bio-oil, heat, and char. We favor this approach and technology because it is the most cost effective way to use the available resource. Its main product, bio-oil, has proven utility for the production of heat and electricity. It has promise for use as an alternative fuel, which is a much higher value than present uses of wood and it meets the QIN need for flexibility, scalability, and portability. Char, the secondary product from the pyrolysis process, has proven value-added uses. In addition to these direct benefits, the use of biomass in pyrolysis technology has significant indirect benefits. These benefits include the fact that the technology is a good fit with the Nation’s cultural values, i.e., environmental protection and the holistic use of a resource. It fits well with current QIN enterprises. For example, char could be processed into a charcoal co-product for QIN fish. Finally, the QIN can become a leader in developing and demonstrating this innovative approach to the use of wood. This plan proposes key organization steps to insure both excellent implementation of the plan and taking the best advantage of the processes and facilities put in place. This plan calls for two new QIN organizations: an energy production/distribution corporation and a community development corporation. The production/distribution corporation can be either a utility or a business enterprise that develops and markets renewable energy. The community development corporation can be a not-for-profit to support the QIN in taking best advantage of its energy opportunities. The production and distribution corporation is the subject of a further business planning effort now underway. This plan envisions a community development corporation that works directly with the Business Committee on research, education, and project development. Specifically, this corporation can seek grant funding to research energy m

Don Hopps, Institute for Washington's Future; Jesse Nelson, Institute for Washington's Future

2006-11-28

390

Distributed-dispersed renewable energy systems and novel control strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable green-energy systems are re-emerging as viable economic alternative sources of environmentally safe power generation in place of conventional fossil fuels. In terms of power quality and safety, this research investigates a number of renewable green-energy (wind, photovoltaic and fuel cells) interface schemes and control strategies that ensure maximum energy utilization, voltage and frequency stabilization and minimum impact on the

Abdualah S. Aljankawey

2007-01-01

391

RECENT TRENDS IN EMERGING TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION  

SciTech Connect

Abundance of energy can be improved both by developing new sources of fuel and by improving efficiency of energy utilization, although we really need to pursue both paths to improve energy accessibility in the future. Currently, 2.7 billion people or 38% of the world s population do not have access to modern cooking fuel and depend on wood or dung and 1.4 billion people or 20% do not have access to electricity. It is estimated that correcting these deficiencies will require an investment of $36 billion dollars annually through 2030. In growing economies, energy use and economic growth are strongly linked, but energy use generally grows at a lower rate due to increased access to modern fuels and adaptation of modern, more efficient technology. Reducing environmental impacts of increased energy consumption such as global warming or regional emissions will require improved technology, renewable fuels, and CO2 reuse or sequestration. The increase in energy utilization will probably result in increased transportation fuel diversity as fuels are shaped by availability of local resources, world trade, and governmental, environmental, and economic policies. The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recently emerging trends, but not to suggest winners. This paper will focus on liquid transportation fuels, which provide the highest energy density and best match with existing vehicles and infrastructure. Data is taken from a variety of US, European, and other sources without an attempt to normalize or combine the various data sources. Liquid transportation fuels can be derived from conventional hydrocarbon resources (crude oil), unconventional hydrocarbon resources (oil sands or oil shale), and biological feedstocks through a variety of biochemical or thermo chemical processes, or by converting natural gas or coal to liquids.

Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01

392

Multi-Year Analysis of Renewable Energy Impacts in California: Results from the Renewable Portfolio Standards Integration Cost Analysis; Preprint  

Microsoft Academic Search

California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS, Senate Bill 1078) requires the state's investor-owned utilities to obtain 20% of their energy mix from renewable generation sources. To facilitate the imminent increase in the penetration of renewables, the California Energy Commission (CEC), in support of the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC), initiated a study of integration costs in the context of RPS implementation.

M. Milligan; H. Shiu; B. Kirby; K. Jackson

2006-01-01

393

Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic in some cases for intermittent renewable energy technologies. Market rules of four RTOs-the Pennsylvania-Maryland-New Jersey ISO, the ERCOT ISO, the Midwest ISO and the New York ISO (NYISO)-were examined to determine the impact on intermittent renewable energy projects such as wind energy generators. Also, a more general look was taken at how biomass power may fare in RTOs, specifically whether these technologies can participate in ancillary service markets. Lastly, an assessment was made regarding the implications for renewable energy technologies of a Northeast-wide RTO that would combine the three existing Northeast ISOs (the aforementioned PJM and NYISOs, as well as ISO New England).

Porter, K.

2002-05-01

394

Epibenthic assessment of a renewable tidal energy site.  

PubMed

Concern over global climate change as a result of fossil fuel use has resulted in energy production from renewable sources. Marine renewable energy devices provide clean electricity but can also cause physical disturbance to the local environment. There is a considerable paucity of ecological data at potential marine renewable energy sites that is needed to assess potential future impacts and allow optimal siting of devices. Here, we provide a baseline benthic survey for the Big Russel in Guernsey, UK, a potential site for tidal energy development. To assess the suitability of proposed sites for marine renewable energy in the Big Russel and to identify potential control sites, we compared species assemblages and habitat types. This baseline survey can be used to select control habitats to compare and monitor the benthic communities after installation of the device and contribute towards the optimal siting of any future installation. PMID:23476152

Sheehan, Emma V; Gall, Sarah C; Cousens, Sophie L; Attrill, Martin J

2013-01-01

395

Analysis of federal incentives used to stimulate energy consumption  

SciTech Connect

Conclusions of an analysis which identifies and quantifies Federal incentives that have increased the consumption of coal, oil, natural gas, and electricity are summarized. Data on estimated cost of incentives used to stimulate energy consumption by incentive type and energy source are tabulated for coal, oil, gas, and electricity. It is suggested that the examination of past incentives can be useful in developing guidelines and limits for the use of incentives to stimulate consumption of solar energy. (MCW)

Cole, R.J.; Cone, B.W.; Emery, J.C.; Huelshoff, M.; Lenerz, D.E.; Marcus, A.; Morris, F.A.; Sheppard, W.J.; Sommers, P.

1981-04-01

396

Exploratory analysis of prospects for renewable energy private investment in the U.S  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opportunities for private investments in renewable energies were explored using a stated-preference investment allocation instrument. Allocation alternatives included conventional and renewable energy investments. Among renewable energy investments, solar and wind energy were ranked the highest while grass and wood-based technologies were at the bottom of the renewable energy list. This ranking mirrors the allocation of investments in sustainable energy technologies

Francisco X. Aguilar; Zhen Cai

2010-01-01

397

Advanced mechanisms for the promotion of renewable energy—Models for the future evolution of the German Renewable Energy Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) has been very successful in promoting the deployment of renewable electricity technologies in Germany. The increasing share of EEG power in the generation portfolio, increasing amounts of fluctuating power generation, and the growing European integration of power markets governed by competition calls for a re-design of the EEG. In particular, a more efficient system

Ole Langniß; Jochen Diekmann; Ulrike Lehr

2009-01-01

398

Decomposition Analysis of Sectoral Energy Consumption in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, analysis of the sectoral energy consumption values is presented over the years 1980–2005 for Turkey. As a basis for the article, four main sectors (agriculture, service, transportation and industry) are considered. Change in sectoral energy consumption is analyzed using the decomposition method for three factors (output effect, energy intensity effect, structural effect) and computing all various combinations

M. Yilmaz; M. Atak

2010-01-01

399

Energy consumption in commerical buildings: a comparison with BEPS budgets  

SciTech Connect

Metered energy consumption data have been collected on existing commercial buildings to help establish the proposed Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS). The search has identified 84 buildings whose metered energy consumption is equal to or less than that proposed for their BEPS budgets and another 7 buildings whose metered consumption is less than 20% above their BEPS budgets. The methodology used to identify the buildings and to collect their metered energy consumption data are described. The data are analyzed and summarized and conclusions are drawn.

None

1980-09-22

400

Technical review of energy storage technologies when integrated with intermittent renewable energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intermittent renewable energy sources such as wind power, solar power and wave power are highly variable output. Theses energy sources are most of the time not load following. Consequently, renewable energy has limited contribution in power generation and it is difficult to be controlled. It is often stated that, this problem of intermittent renewable can be solved by integration with

B. R. Alamri; A. R. Alamri

2009-01-01

401

Implications of Regional Transmission Organization Design for Renewable Energy Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the development of Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and assesses the potential implications of market rules for renewable energy technologies. The report focuses on scheduling provisions, as these have proved problematic i...

K. Porter

2002-01-01

402

77 FR 64487 - Renewable Energy Policy Business Roundtable in Japan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...well as hasten the deployment of smart grid technology. All of these factors...Make visits to renewable energy and smart grid deployments in Fukushima and Sendai...and (3) Companies active in the smart grid industry. The applicant's...

2012-10-22

403

Role of State Policy in Renewable Energy Development  

SciTech Connect

State policies can support renewable energy development by driving markets, providing certainty in the investment market, and incorporating the external benefits of the technologies into cost/benefit calculations. Using statistical analyses and policy design best practices, this paper quantifies the impact of state-level policies on renewable energy development in order to better understand the role of policy on development and inform policy makers on the policy mechanisms that provide maximum benefit. The results include the identification of connections between state policies and renewable energy development, as well as a discussion placing state policy efforts in context with other factors that influence the development of renewable energy (e.g. federal policy, resource availability, technology cost, public acceptance).

Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.; McLaren, J.

2009-07-01

404

Focus issue introduction: Renewable energy and the environment 2013.  

PubMed

This focus issue highlights contributions from authors who presented their research at OSA's Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress held 3-6 November 2013 in Tucson, Arizona, USA. PMID:24922265

Koshel, R John; Seassal, Christian; Deparis, Olivier; Kumar, Raavi Sai Santosh

2014-03-10

405

Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the finance trends for small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) projects (PV <1 MW), large-scale PV projects (PV greater than or equal to 1 MW), and concentrated solar power projects as reported in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI). The report presents REFTI data during the five quarterly periods from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first half of 2011. The REFTI project relies exclusively on the voluntary participation of industry stakeholders for its data; therefore, it does not offer a comprehensive view of the technologies it tracks. Despite this limitation, REFTI is the only publicly available resource for renewable energy project financial terms. REFTI analysis offers usable inputs into the project economic evaluations of developers and investors, as well as the policy assessments of public utility commissions and others in the renewable energy industry.

Hubbell, R.; Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

2012-09-01

406

Focus issue introduction: renewable energy and the environment.  

PubMed

This focus issue highlights selected contributions from authors who presented promising concepts at OSA's Renewable Energy and the Environment Optics and Photonics Congress held 11-15 November 2012 in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. PMID:24104430

Seassal, Christian; Koshel, John

2013-05-01

407

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The Administrator will allocate 300,000 allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of the Acid Rain Data System. Allowances from this Reserve will be allocated to units under subpart F of this...

2010-07-01

408

Electricity Producing Renewable Energy Technologies Common Costing Methodology. Vplume 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This initial study has been mainly occupied in examining prime sources of costing data in reports concerning the future development of renewable energy technologies in the United Kingdom. The level of detail, major assumptions and quality of the data, hav...

1989-01-01

409

Combined Renewable Energy Systems. Economic Evaluation for Villages with Surroundings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Viability of a combined central heating-power plant based on renewable energy sources is analyzed. Village investment depends on the actual real interest and possibilities of capital supplies as well as fossil fuel prices. (ERA citation 10:008713)

F. Rasmussen H. C. Rasmussen

1983-01-01

410

Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-07-01

411

Energy Consumption of Apple Macintosh Computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The utility of a portable computer is critically dependent on the period it can be used while running off the battery. In this paper, we present a study of power consumption in Apple Macintosh computers. We measure the existing power,consumption,for each system component using built-in measuring tools. Since total power consumption is a function of user workload, we use

Jacob R. Lorch; Alan Jay

1998-01-01

412

Energy Consumption in an Empty House!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of electrical consumption of appliances when not in use and consider the total consumption in kilowatt-hours (kWh), associated cost and their own consumption when appliances are in "instant-on" or "stand-by" mode. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

413

Renewable and sustainable energy use in Turkey: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is an energy importing nation with more than half of our energy requirements met by imported fuels. Air pollution is becoming a significant environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources are becoming attractive for sustainable energy development and environmental pollution mitigation in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of

Kamil Kaygusuz

2002-01-01

414

On the global and regional potential of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, the central research question is: what can be the contribution of renewable energy sources to the present and future world and regional energy supply system. The focus is on wind, solar PV and biomass energy (energy crops) for electricity generation. For the assessment of the economic potential, we construct cost-supply curves. As the economic potential also depends

Monique Maria Hoogwijk

2004-01-01

415

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2002 Research Review (Booklet)  

SciTech Connect

America is making a long transition to a future in which conventional, fossil fuel technologies will be displaced by new renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. This first biannual research review describes NREL's R&D in seven technology areas--biorefineries, transportation, hydrogen, solar electricity, distributed energy, energy-efficient buildings, and low-wind-speed turbines.

Cook, G.; Epstein, K.; Brown, H.

2002-07-01

416

Analysis of Final Energy Consumption Patterns in 10 Arab Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents an analysis of the energy consumption patterns in 10 Arab countries: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria. Commonalities and variations between these countries are discussed and explained through key economic and energy indicators, and the relationship between the overall final energy consumption per capita and the GDP per capita is examined. The distribution of the final energy consumption across different sectors is also analysed, and the patterns of consumption in the industrial, transportation, and residential sectors are discussed with focus on the types of energy consumed, and the main drivers of this consumption. The findings and the conclusions of this study are believed to be beneficial to the national energy policy planners in identifying possible strengths, weaknesses, and areas of emphasis and improvement in their strategic energy plans.

Al-Hinti, I.; Al-Ghandoor, A.

2009-08-01

417

(Renewable energy project opportunities in the Philippines, Indonesia, and Thailand)  

SciTech Connect

I traveled to Jakarta, Manila, and Bangkok with a team of four other specialists to evaluate the potential for renewable energy project development in each respective country. The mission was sponsored by the Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade (CORECT) as the first step in a three-part process to increase trade opportunities between US equipment and services suppliers and potential markets in Southeast Asia. Several attractive opportunities were identified, that should be tracked closely by the industry groups and CORECT.

Waddle, D.B.

1990-07-06

418

Renewable Energy Development Incentives: Strengths, Weaknesses and the Interplay  

SciTech Connect

Most existing mechanisms cannot be relied on to achieve long-term growth of renewable energy, either because of their own weaknesses or because of unpredictable variables. If there is widespread support for pursuing the benefits of renewable energy, then its growth should be ensured through ambitious, long-term, and widespread mandatory objectives, rather than by relying on voluntary choices or competitive forces. (author)

Birgisson, Gunnar; Petersen, Erik

2006-04-15

419

Technological learning and renewable energy costs: implications for U.S. renewable energy policy.  

SciTech Connect

This paper analyzes the relationship between current renewable energy technology costs and cumulative production, research, development and demonstration expenditures, and other institutional influences. Combining the theoretical framework of 'learning by doing' and developments in 'learning by searching' with the fields of organizational learning and institutional economics offers a complete methodological framework to examine the underlying capital cost trajectory when developing electricity cost estimates used in energy policy planning models. Sensitivities of the learning rates for global wind and solar photovoltaic technologies to changes in the model parameters are tested. The implications of the results indicate that institutional policy instruments play an important role for these technologies to achieve cost reductions and further market adoption.

Erickson, Jon D. (University of Vermont, Burlington, VT); Kobos, Peter Holmes; Drennen, Thomas E. (William Smith Colleges, Geneva, NY)

2004-09-01

420

Effect of wind energy system performance on optimal renewable energy model—an analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Optimal Renewable Energy Model (OREM) has been developed to determine the optimum level of renewable energy sources utilisation in India for the year 2020–21. The model aims at minimising cost?efficiency ratio and determines the optimum allocation of different renewable energy sources for various end-uses. The extent of social acceptance level, potential limit, demand and reliability will decide the renewable

S. Iniyan; T. R. Jagadeesan

1998-01-01

421

Respiration, respiratory metabolism and energy consumption under weightless conditions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Changes in the physiological indices of respiration, respiratory metabolism and energy consumption in spacecrews under weightlessness conditions manifest themselves in increased metabolic rates, higher pulmonary ventilation volume, oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide elimination, energy consumption levels in proportion to reduction in neuroemotional and psychic stress, adaptation to weightlessness and work-rest cycles, and finally in a relative stabilization of metabolic processes due to hemodynamic shifts.

Kasyan, I. I.; Makarov, G. F.

1975-01-01

422

Biofuels–Renewable Energy Sources: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biodiesel is biodegradable and nontoxic, and it significantly reduces toxic and other emissions when burned as a fuel. The advantages of biodiesel as diesel fuel are its portability, ready availability, renewability, higher combustion efficiency, non-toxicity, higher flash point, and lower sulfur and aromatic content, higher cetane number, and higher biodegradability. The major disadvantages of biodiesel are its higher viscosity, lower

Iva Kralova; Johan Sjöblom

2010-01-01

423

Energy Consumption of Apple Macintosh Computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utility of a portable computer is critically dependent o n the pe- riod it can be used while running off the battery. In this pape r, we present a study of power consumption in Apple Macintosh computers. We measure the existing power consumption for each system compo- nent using built-in measuring tools. Since total power cons umption is a

Jacob R. Lorch; Alan Jay Smith

424

Survey Lecture on Renewable Energy Sources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The essay deals with utilizable regenerative energy sources: geothermal energy, tidal energy, solar energy, running water energy, and wind energy. Tests for the development of these sources have been carried out, but only one of them has a considerable sh...

M. Meliss

1977-01-01

425

A mixed bag: The economic case for renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

Large amounts of renewable energy, including solar, wind, and biomass (wood and plant matter), are available for generating electricity throughout the United States. In some states - especially those in the West and Midwest - the wind and biomass potential alone far exceeds current and foreseeable electricity demand. Moreover, since the 1970s, renewable energy technologies have come down dramatically in cost and have established an impressive record of reliability in grid- and nongrid-connected applications. Despite their promise, however, renewable energy sources are for the most part ignored in utility resource plans. One obstacle is a lack of reliable information about renewable resources and technologies, a problem that is slowly being overcome. Just as important, however, most utility planners fail to recognize the substantial economic benefits of adding renewable energy to their resource mix. In a time of uncertainty about customer load growth, fuel prices, and environmental regulation, renewable energy sources can represent a sound insurance policy against financial losses for utilities and customers alike.

Brower, M.C.; Tennis, M.W.; Denzler, E.W.

1994-05-01

426

Adaptive neural network prediction model for energy consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses on the adaptive neural network model for predicting the energy consumption at a metering station. The function of the metering system is to calculate the energy consumption of the outgoing gas flow. To ensure the robustness of the developed model, it is suggested to make the model an adaptive model that will periodically update the weights. This

Maryam Jamela Ismail; Rosdiazli Ibrahim; Idris Ismail

2011-01-01

427

A panel study of nuclear energy consumption and economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between nuclear energy consumption and economic growth for sixteen countries within a multivariate panel framework over the period 1980–2005. Pedroni's (1999, 2004) heterogeneous panel cointegration test reveals there is a long-run equilibrium relationship between real GDP, nuclear energy consumption, real gross fixed capital formation, and the labor force with the respective coefficients positive and statistically

Nicholas Apergis; James E. Payne

2010-01-01

428

Nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in nine developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to test the causal relationship between nuclear energy consumption and real GDP for nine developed countries for the period 1971-2005 by including capital and labour as additional variables. Using a modified version of the Granger causality test developed by Toda and Yamamoto (1995), we found a unidirectional causality running from nuclear energy consumption to economic growth in

Yemane Wolde-Rufael; Kojo Menyah

2010-01-01

429

Residential IT Energy Consumption in the U.S  

Microsoft Academic Search

TIAX carried out a study to quantify the energy consumption of U.S. residential Information Technology (IT) equipment in 2005 and develop scenario-based projections for 2010 (1). This paper presents the key findings of this study for 2005. The project team identified ten key equipment types and evaluated their energy consumption in 2005. Prior studies suffered from a dearth of data

Kurt Roth; Ratcharit Ponoum; Fred Goldstein

430

77 FR 32621 - Developing Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects at Federal Facilities Using Private Capital Draft  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Developing Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects at Federal Facilities Using Private...AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (DOE)....

2012-06-01

431

Prospects for renewable energy and green energy markets in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK's renewable energy programme has been underway for more than 20 years. It was launched following the oil crisis in 1973\\/74. The intervening years have seen renewables grow from being of marginal importance to becoming a major energy option around the world, and in the UK the privatisation of the electricity supply industry in 1990 gave renewables a boost.

David Elliott

1999-01-01

432

Energy consumption series: Development of the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey  

SciTech Connect

The implementation and results of the proceedings concerning the Energy Information Administration assessment of the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) are documented in this report. The text and Appendices C, D, and E summarize the background of the MECS data system, the events that led to the MECS redesign, the major issues address during the review process, and the eventual 1991 MECS design that resulted. For many readers, the most useful part of the report may be Appendices A and B, which contain overall summaries of the users` groups and the industrial roundtables. These appendices capture the rationale for additional data needs as provided by the users. Also, they are a rich source of information on how manufacturers deal with energy use day-to-day, how they have addressed the need for energy efficiency improvement in the past, and the opportunities and problems associated with future efforts to improve efficiency. (VC)

Not Available

1992-05-18

433

Energy consumption series: Development of the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey  

SciTech Connect

The implementation and results of the proceedings concerning the Energy Information Administration assessment of the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) are documented in this report. The text and Appendices C, D, and E summarize the background of the MECS data system, the events that led to the MECS redesign, the major issues address during the review process, and the eventual 1991 MECS design that resulted. For many readers, the most useful part of the report may be Appendices A and B, which contain overall summaries of the users' groups and the industrial roundtables. These appendices capture the rationale for additional data needs as provided by the users. Also, they are a rich source of information on how manufacturers deal with energy use day-to-day, how they have addressed the need for energy efficiency improvement in the past, and the opportunities and problems associated with future efforts to improve efficiency. (VC)

Not Available

1992-05-18

434

Integrated renewable energy solutions for seafood processing stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ENERFISH project aims to demonstrate a new poly-generation application with renewable energy sources for the fishery industry. The distributed energy system utilizes cleaning waste of a fish processing plant to produce biodiesel. The biodiesel is used to produce the locally needed cooling\\/freezing and heating energy. In addition, a power surplus is generated for the electricity network or local industrial

H. Ronde; A. Ranne; E. Pursiheimo

2010-01-01

435

Pueblo of Laguna Utility Authority Renewable Energy Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect

The project, “Renewable Energy Feasibility Study” was designed to expand upon previous work done by the Tribe in evaluating utility formation, generation development opportunities, examining options for creating self-sufficiency in energy matters, and integrating energy management with the Tribe’s economic development goals. The evaluation of project locations and economic analysis, led to a focus primarily on solar projects.

Carolyn Stewart, Red Mountain Tribal Energy

2008-03-31

436

What is the global potential for renewable energy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

World energy demand is projected to rise to 1000EJ (EJ=1018J) or more by 2050 if economic growth continues its course of recent decades. Both reserve depletion and greenhouse gas emissions will necessitate a major shift from fossil fuels as the dominant energy source. Since nuclear power is now unlikely to increase its present modest share, renewable energy (RE) will have

Patrick Moriarty; Damon Honnery

437

Optimization of Domestic-Size Renewable Energy System Designs Suitable for Cold Climate Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five different kinds of domestic-size renewable energy system configurations for very cold climate regions were investigated. From detailed numerical modeling and system simulations, it was found that the consumption of fuel oil for the auxiliary boiler in residential-type households can almost be eliminated with a renewable energy system that incorporates photovoltaic panel arrays for electricity generation and two storage tanks: a well-insulated electric water storage tank that services the hot water loads, and a compact boiler/geothermal heat pump tank for room heating during very cold seasons. A reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) of about 28% was achieved for this system compared to an equivalent conventional system. The near elimination of the use of fuel oil in this system makes it very promising for very cold climate regions in terms of energy savings because the running cost is not so dependent on the unstable nature of global oil prices.

Akpan, Itoro Etim; Sasaki, Masafumi; Endoh, Noboru

438

Estimates of U.S. Biomass Energy Consumption 1992  

EIA Publications

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass derived primary energy used by the U.S. economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption.

Fred Mayes

1994-05-01

439

Barriers and opportunities of using the clean development mechanism to advance renewable energy development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the barriers and opportunities of using clean development mechanism (CDM) to advance renewable energy deployment in China has a practical significance to achieve its ambitious renewable energy plan which affects the global efforts to curb carbon emission. This paper analyses the role of CDM in promoting renewable energy development in China by reviewing the CDM activities, especially renewable energy

Qiang Wang; Yong Chen

2010-01-01

440

Design and analysis of Interleaved Boost Converter for renewable energy source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is derived from natural resources that are replenished constantly. The commonly used renewable energy systems include photovoltaic cells and fuel cells. A suitable DC-DC converter is proposed for highly efficient renewable energy systems. Interleaved Boost Converter (TBC) topology is discussed in this paper for renewable energy applications. The advantages of interleaved boost converter compared to the classical boost

J. S. Anu Rahavi; T. Kanagapriya; R. Seyezhai

2012-01-01

441

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Campbell, Tennessee/Kentucky  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Campbell, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Campbell took place on June 10, 2010.

Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Kora, Angela R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

2011-03-31

442

Secondary School Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Renewable Energy Sources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigating knowledge, perceptions as well as attitudes of public that concern various aspects of environmental issues is of high importance for Environmental Education. An integrated understanding of these parameters can properly support the planning of Environmental Education curriculum and relevant educational materials. In this survey we investigated knowledge and attitudes of secondary school teachers in Greece towards renewable energy sources, particularly wind and solar energy systems. A questionnaire with both open and close questions was used as the main methodological instrument. Findings revealed that although teachers were informed about renewable energy sources and well disposed towards these sources, they hardly expressed clear positions regarding several issues about wind and solar energy technologies and farms. Moreover such themes are limited integrated in teaching either as extra curricular educational programs or through the curriculum. These findings cannot confirm that teachers could influence students' opinion towards renewable energy systems. Thus, authorities should invest more in Environmental Education and relevant Teachers' Education.

Liarakou, Georgia; Gavrilakis, Costas; Flouri, Eleni

2009-04-01

443

Renewable Energy Technology Evolution Rationales. Internal working draft  

SciTech Connect

This report was developed by a team of national laboratory researchers, contractors and Department of Energy (DOE) technology program staff over the period March through October 1990 as part of the National Energy Strategy process. The purpose of the report was to provide consistent, explanatory and in-depth documentation of how renewable technologies can be expected to evolve over time. An early draft of the document was printed by the Solar Energy Research Institute in late August 1990, under the title Renewable Energy Technology Evolution Rationales. The contents were reviewed and revised and the Internal Working Draft -- October 5, 1990 (with the same title) was released by the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy in early October 1990. The topics presented are: Biomass Electric Technology, Geothermal Technology, Hydropower Technology, Photovoltaic Technology, Solar Thermal Technology, Wind Technology, Ethanol Technology, Methanol Technology, and Solar Buildings Technologies.

Not Available

1990-10-05

444

Tradable renewable energy credits in California: the struggle with implementation  

SciTech Connect

On Mar. 11, 2010, the California Public Utilities Commission authorized the use of tradable renewable energy credits to satisfy at least a portion of the obligations imposed by California's Renewables Portfolio Standard. The decision allows California's largest investor-owned utilities and other retail providers to purchase TRECs to meet up to 25 percent of their annual RPS compliance obligations, but implementation has raised a series of questions. (author)

Hilton, Seth D.; Marriott, Chad T.

2010-07-15

445

Residential energy consumption: An analysis-of-variance study  

SciTech Connect

In this report, tests of statistical significance of five sets of variables with household energy consumption (at the point of end-use) are described. Five models, in sequence, were empirically estimated and tested for statistical significance by using the Residential Energy Consumption Survey of the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. Each model incorporated additional information, embodied in a set of variables not previously specified in the energy demand system. The variable sets were generally labeled as economic variables, weather variables, household-structure variables, end-use variables, and housing-type variables. The tests of statistical significance showed each of the variable sets to be highly significant in explaining the overall variance in energy consumption. The findings imply that the contemporaneous interaction of different types of variables, and not just one exclusive set of variables, determines the level of household energy consumption.

Poyer, D.A.

1992-01-01

446

The renewable energy applications for uninterruptible power supply based on compressed air energy storage system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to propose a modeling of the renewable energy applications for uninterruptible power supply (UPS) based on compressed air energy storage system (CAES). The system is composite technology, which composes of energy storage system and electric power supply system. The energy will transfer from the renewable energy resource to the CAES system drives the air

Varin Vongmanee

2009-01-01

447

Position of New and Renewable Energy in the Energy System of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the view of macro economy, the important position and role of new and renewable energies in China energy system was analyzed in this paper. It is an inevitable tendency that the energy structure mainly based on coal must be changed, and new and renewable energies will be the best choice, not only because these energies already became an unlackable

Zhang Zhenming; Gu Suhua

1994-01-01

448

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN): Customer satisfaction survey  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN) Customer Satisfaction Survey was developed and executed in support of EREN`s continuous quality improvement (CQI) plan. The study was designed to provide information about the demographic make up of EREN users, the value or benefits they derive from EREN, the kinds and quality of services they want, their levels of satisfaction with existing services, their preferences in both the sources of service and the means of delivery, and to provide benchmark data for the establishment of continuous quality improvement measures. The survey was performed by soliciting voluntary participation from members of the EREN Users Group. It was executed in two phases; the first being conducted by phone using a randomly selected group; and the second being conducted electronically and which was open to all of the remaining members of the Users Group. The survey results are described.

Anderson, A.V. [Information International Associates, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Henderson, D.P. [Dept. of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Office of Scientific and Technical Information

1996-04-22

449

Energy issues and renewables for sustainable development in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is an essential factor to achieve sustainable development. So, countries striving to this end are seeking to reassess their energy systems with a view towards planning energy programs and strategies in line with sustainable development goals and objectives. As would be expected, the rapid expansion of energy production and consumption has brought with it a wide range of environmental

O. Ozyurt

2010-01-01

450

Optimal Energy Consumption Analysis of Natural Gas Pipeline  

PubMed Central

There are many compressor stations along long-distance natural gas pipelines. Natural gas can be transported using different boot programs and import pressures, combined with temperature control parameters. Moreover, different transport methods have correspondingly different energy consumptions. At present, the operating parameters of many pipelines are determined empirically by dispatchers, resulting in high energy consumption. This practice does not abide by energy reduction policies. Therefore, based on a full understanding of the actual needs of pipeline companies, we introduce production unit consumption indicators to establish an objective function for achieving the goal of lowering energy consumption. By using a dynamic programming method for solving the model and preparing calculation software, we can ensure that the solution process is quick and efficient. Using established optimization methods, we analyzed the energy savings for the XQ gas pipeline. By optimizing the boot program, the import station pressure, and the temperature parameters, we achieved the optimal energy consumption. By comparison with the measured energy consumption, the pipeline now has the potential to reduce energy consumption by 11 to 16 percent.

Liu, Enbin; Li, Changjun; Yang, Yi

2014-01-01

451

Optimal energy consumption analysis of natural gas pipeline.  

PubMed

There are many compressor stations along long-distance natural gas pipelines. Natural gas can be transported using different boot programs and import pressures, combined with temperature control parameters. Moreover, different transport methods have correspondingly different energy consumptions. At present, the operating parameters of many pipelines are determined empirically by dispatchers, resulting in high energy consumption. This practice does not abide by energy reduction policies. Therefore, based on a full understanding of the actual needs of pipeline companies, we introduce production unit consumption indicators to establish an objective function for achieving the goal of lowering energy consumption. By using a dynamic programming method for solving the model and preparing calculation software, we can ensure that the solution process is quick and efficient. Using established optimization methods, we analyzed the energy savings for the XQ gas pipeline. By optimizing the boot program, the import station pressure, and the temperature parameters, we achieved the optimal energy consumption. By comparison with the measured energy consumption, the pipeline now has the potential to reduce energy consumption by 11 to 16 percent. PMID:24955410

Liu, Enbin; Li, Changjun; Yang, Yi

2014-01-01

452

Renewable energy in the United States: is there enough land?  

PubMed

A review of studies of biomass potential in the United States finds a wide variation in the estimates. A number of specific policy-relevant questions about the potential of biofuels in the United States are answered. A recently published global analysis of the potential conflict between land needed for bioenergy and land needed for food is extended to the situation in the United States. A renewable energy supply scenario, capable of meeting the 2001 US energy demand, indicates that there is enough land to support a renewable energy system but that the utilization of biomass would be limited by its land requirement. PMID:18478420

Converse, Alvin O

2007-04-01

453

Building and occupant characteristics as determinants of residential energy consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The probable effects of building energy performance standards on energy consumption were studied. Observations of actual residential energy consumption that could affirm or disaffirm consumption estimates of the Department of Energy's 2.0A simulation model were obtained. Home owner's conservation investments and home purchase decisions were investigated. The investigation of determinants of household energy consumption is described. The underlying economic theory and its implications are given as well as a description of the data collection procedures, of the formulation of variables, and then of data analysis and findings. The assumptions and limitations of the energy use projections generated by the DOE 2.0A model are discussed. Actual electricity data for the houses are then compared with results of the simulation.

Nieves, L. A.; Nieves, A. L.

1981-10-01

454

Optimal energy options under Clean Development Mechanism: Renewable energy projects for sustainable development and carbon emission reduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation addresses two distinct objectives; designing cost-effective renewable energy powered projects including seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO), aquaculture, and ice-making plant, and analyzing the cost-effectiveness of these projects in achieving low abatement costs and promoting sustainable developments under the Clean Development Mechanism. The results of SWRO analysis show that a wind powered system is the least expensive and a PV powered system the most expensive, with finished water costs of about 0.50 /m3 and 1.00 /m3, respectively. By international standards, these costs are competitive. The results of renewable energy powered commercial tilapia production indicate that a wind-diesel system has high potential for intensive tilapia production as well as carbon dioxide emission reductions. The study also investigates aeration failures in renewable energy powered tilapia production systems. With respect to the ice-making plant, unlike previous studies which consider nighttime operation only, we have found that a nighttime PV powered ice-making system is more expensive (1/kWh) than daytime ice-making system (0.70/kWh). Our optimal energy options analysis at project scale which includes SWRO, ice-making plant and household energy consumption for about 100 households shows that compared to diesel only energy option, PV-D, W-D, and PV-W-D hybrids are very cost-effective energy options. Moreover, energy options with high levels of renewable energy including 100% renewables have the lowest net present cost and they are already cost-effective without CDM. On the other hand, while the removal of about 87% carbon dioxide emissions could be achieved at negative cost, initial investment could increase by a factor of 40, which is one of the primary barriers hindering wider renewable energy applications in developing countries. Thus in order to increase developing countries' participation in the carbon market, CDM policy should shift from a purely market oriented approach to investigating how to facilitate renewable energy projects through barrier removal. Thus, we recommend that further research should focus on how to efficiently remove renewable energy implementation barriers as a means to improve developing countries participation in meaningful emission reduction while at the same time meeting the needs of sustainable economic development.

Gilau, Asmerom M.

455

Energy consumption analysis for the Mars deep space station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results for the energy consumption analysis at the Mars deep space station are presented. It is shown that the major energy consumers are the 64-Meter antenna building and the operations support building. Verification of the antenna's energy consumption is highly dependent on an accurate knowlege of the tracking operations. The importance of a regular maintenance schedule for the watt hour meters installed at the station is indicated.

Hayes, N. V.

1982-01-01

456

State Renewable Energy Requirements and Goals: Update Through 2003 (released in AEO2005)  

EIA Publications

As of the end of 2003, 15 states had legislated programs to encourage the development of renewable energy for electricity generation. Of the 17 programs (two states have multiple programs), 9 are renewable portfolio standards (RPS), 4 are renewable energy mandates, and 4 are renewable energy goals.

Information Center

2005-02-01

457

The likely adverse environmental impacts of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global attention has always been focussed on the adverse environmental impacts of conventional energy sources. In contrast nonconventional energy sources, particularly the renewable ones, have enjoyed a ‘clean’ image vis a vis environmental impacts. The only major exception to this general trend has been large hydropower projects; experience has taught us that they can be disastrous for the environment.

S. A. Abbasi; Naseema Abbasi

2000-01-01

458

Brightness Rural Electrification Program: Renewable Energy in China  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet describes China's New Brightness Rural Electrification Program to provide electricity for 23 million people in remote areas of China using renewable energy such as wind energy and solar power (photovoltaics). Targets, results, and progress are described. Regions targeted are Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Gansu.

Not Available

2004-04-01

459

Toward a Regional Geography of Renewable Electrical Energy Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is postulated that many types of renewable energy resources, like fossil fuels, are amenable to regional availability analysis. Among these are hydropower, geothermal, ocean temperature gradient, wind, and direct solar energy. A review of the spatial attributes of each of these types reveals areas of the United States that contain comparative…

Pryde, Philip R.

460

Meta-analysis of non-renewable energy resource estimates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a review of estimates of ultimately recoverable resources (URR) of non-renewable energy sources: coal, conventional and unconventional oil, conventional and unconventional gas, and uranium for nuclear fission. There is a large range in the estimates of many of the energy sources, even those that have been utilized for a long time and, as such, should be well

Michael Dale

2012-01-01

461

Trends in Practitioner Training for the Renewable Energy Trades  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PDF document from the Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) discusses current trends in practitioner training for the renewable energy trades. Duration of training, enrollment trends, industry standards, coordination with other trades and other related topics are discussed. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Laflin, Kirk; Weissman, Jane M.

2012-11-12

462

Renewable Energy Training: Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this document highlighting best practices for renewable energy training. The document includes training guidelines, types of educational programs, essential steps of designing a training course and recommended resources and textbooks. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-02-24

463

Renewable Energy for Rural Sustainability: Lessons From China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural electrification is now and will remain an essential element for rural development in China and other developing countries. With more than half of the world’s population living in rural communities, lessons for rural renewable energy applications and assessment from China can be very helpful in defining a global sustainable development strategy. This paper describes energy needs in rural China,

Aiming Zhou; John Byrne

2002-01-01

464

Overview of village scale, renewable energy powered desalination  

SciTech Connect

An overview of desalination technologies is presented, focusing on those technologies appropriate for use in remote villages, and how they can be powered using renewable energy. Technologies are compared on the basis of capital cost, lifecycle cost, operations and maintenance complexity, and energy requirements. Conclusions on the appropriateness of different technologies are drawn, and recommendations for future research are given.

Thomas, K.E.

1997-04-01

465

Offshore Renewable Energy R&D (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the offshore renewable energy R&D efforts at NREL's NWTC. As the United States increases its efforts to tap the domestic energy sources needed to diversify its energy portfolio and secure its energy supply, more attention is being focused on the rich renewable resources located offshore. Offshore renewable energy sources include offshore wind, waves, tidal currents, ocean and river currents, and ocean thermal gradients. According to a report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in 2010,1 U.S. offshore wind resources have a gross potential generating capacity four times greater than the nation's present electric capacity, and the Electric Power Research Institute estimates that the nation's ocean energy resources could ultimately supply at least 10% of its electric supply. For more than 30 years, NREL has advanced the science of renewable energy while building the capabilities to guide rapid deployment of commercial applications. Since 1993, NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) has been the nation's premier wind energy research facility, specializing in the advancement of wind technologies that range in size from a kilowatt to several megawatts. For more than 8 years, the NWTC has been an international leader in the field of offshore floating wind system analysis. Today, researchers at the NWTC are taking their decades of experience and extensive capabilities and applying them to help industry develop cost-effective hydrokinetic systems that convert the kinetic energy in water to provide power for our nation's heavily populated coastal regions. The center's capabilities and experience cover a wide spectrum of wind and water energy engineering disciplines, including atmospheric and ocean fluid mechanics, aerodynamics; aeroacoustics, hydrodynamics, structural dynamics, control systems, electrical systems, and testing.

Not Available

2011-10-01

466

Pollution control and energy consumption at US copper smelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current trend is to replace reverberatory smelting with smelting processes which more efficiently utilize the fuel value of the concentrate feed and produce waste gases from which the sulfur oxides can be more easily recovered. To determine the influence of pollution control on smelter energy consumption the fuel and electricity consumption for a hypothetical domestic copper smelter before pollution

Schultz

1978-01-01

467

Conservation and renewable energy programs: Technical and financial assistance  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy, Office of Technical and Financial Assistance (OTFA) promotes the application of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and practices by working cooperatively with state and local governments and private and nonprofit organizations, providing technical and financial assistance and serving as network for sharing information. This report is an overview of some of the programs designed to aid in solving our national energy problems.

Not Available

1991-05-01

468

Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations  

SciTech Connect

Report highlights the increase in resources, project speed, and scale that is required to achieve the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) energy efficiency and renewable energy goals and summarizes the net zero energy installation assessment (NZEI) process and the lessons learned from NZEI assessments and large-scale renewable energy projects implementations at DoD installations.

Callahan, M.; Anderson, K.; Booth, S.; Katz, J.; Tetreault, T.

2011-09-01

469

NREL helps to bring renewable energy to Brazil  

SciTech Connect

The US DOE, through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is working with Brazilian government agencies and several utilities to bring adequate electric power to remote rural areas. These organizations are collaborating on a joint venture, begun in 1992, designed to bring photovoltaic- and wind-generated electricity to the Brazilian countryside. Rural homes in eight Brazilian states, rather than just the initial two states targeted in the original plan, will be provided with electric lighting powered by renewable energy systems. The project is also bringing much-needed electricity for refrigeration and water pumping to many village schools, community centers and medical clinics. The primary objective of the cost-shared, joint US/Brazilian project is to assess the efficiency, operability, and reliability of renewable energy-based rural electrification.

Pitchford, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31

470

Final Report: Human Capacity Building Grant for Renewable Energy Development  

SciTech Connect

Warm Springs Power and Water Enterprise (WSPWE), a Corporate Entity of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Oregon, developed and distributed written materials, held workshops and field trips to educate tribal members on renewable energy projects that are a possibility utilizing resources on reservation. In order to build stronger public and Tribal Council support for the development of renewable energy projects on the reservation, WSPWE conducted a 12 month public education and technical expertise development program. The objectives of this program were to: � To build a knowledge base within the tribal community regarding renewable energy development potential and opportunities on reservation lands. � To educate the tribal community regarding development process, impacts and benefits. � To increase the technical expertise of tribal government and Tribal Council.

Wil Sando

2010-01-03

471

Renewable: A key component of our global energy future  

SciTech Connect

Inclusion of renewable energy sources in national and international energy strategies is a key component of a viable global energy future. The global energy balance is going to shift radically in the near future brought about by significant increases in population in China and India, and increases in the energy intensity of developing countries. To better understand the consequences of such global shifts in energy requirements and to develop appropriate energy strategies to respond to these shifts, we need to look at the factors driving choices among supply options by geopolitical consumers and the impact these factors can have on the future energy mix.

Hartley, D.

1995-12-31

472

Future Energy Systems: Integrating Renewable Energy Sources into the Smart Power Grid Through Industrial Electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses about integrating renewable energy sources into the smart power grid through industrial electronics. This paper discusses photovoltaic power, wind energy conversion, hybrid energy systems, and tidal energy conversion.

Marco Liserre; Thilo Sauter; John Hung

2010-01-01

473

The assessment of renewable energy planning on CO 2 abatement in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sources of renewable energies (for example landfill gas, wind, solar energy) are environmentally friendly and electric power generation in South Korea has concentrated on new and renewable energy technologies. The purpose of this paper is to study the economic and environmental influence of renewable energies on existing electricity generation market of South Korea with energy-economic model called ‘Long-range Energy Alternative

Sooyoung Jun; Seungmoon Lee; Jin-Won Park; Suk-Jae Jeong; Ho-Chul Shin

2010-01-01

474

Energy Efficiency and Renewables: Market and Behavioral Failures  

ScienceCinema

Thursday, January 28, 2010: Policies to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency have been gaining momentum throughout the world, often justified by environmental and energy security concerns. This presentation first talks about energy efficiency options, then delves into the economic motivation for energy efficiency and renewable energy policies by articulating the classes of relevant behavioral failures and market failures. Such behavioral and market failures may vary intertemporally or atemporally; the temporal structure and the extent of the failures are the critical considerations in the development of energy policies. The talk discusses key policy instruments and assess the extent to which they are well-suited to correct for failures with different structures. http://eetd.lbl.gov/dls/lecture-01-28...

475

Energy Efficiency and Renewables: Market and Behavioral Failures  

ScienceCinema

Thursday, January 28, 2010: Policies to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency have been gaining momentum throughout the world, often justified by environmental and energy security concerns. This presentation first talks about energy efficiency options, then delves into the economic motivation for energy efficiency and renewable energy policies by articulating the classes of relevant behavioral failures and market failures. Such behavioral and market failures may vary intertemporally or atemporally; the temporal structure and the extent of the failures are the critical considerations in the development of energy policies. The talk discusses key policy instruments and assess the extent to which they are well-suited to correct for failures with different structures. http://eetd.lbl.gov/dls/lecture-01-28...

James Sweeney

2010-09-01

476

Forecasting commercial electricity consumption at the Energy Information Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Commercial Sector Energy Model (CSEM) was developed under contract by Brookhaven National Laboratory for the Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The model was developed in the fall of 1982 based primarily on the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS) of EIA. CSEM is used either as the commercial module of the Intermediate Future

S. H. Wade; J. A. Holte

1983-01-01

477

Barriers to renewable energy development: A case study of large-scale wind energy in Saskatchewan, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is receiving increased attention as a viable alternative to non-renewable electrical generation, however, meeting global energy demands will require a more ambitious renewable energy program than is currently the case. There have been several reviews of potential technological, economic, social, or public barriers and solutions to renewable energy investment. Although important, there is also need for multi-dimensional analyses

Garrett Richards; Bram Noble; Ken Belcher

2012-01-01

478

Iowa's Renewable Energy and Infrastructure Impacts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The federal government is aggressively promoting biofuels as an answer to global climate change and dependence on imported sources of energy. Iowa has quickly become a leader in the bioeconomy and wind energy production, but meeting the United States Depa...

D. E. Smith I. Nlenanya K. Gkritza R. B. Sperry W. Jiang

2010-01-01

479

Modeling Energy Consumption in the Defense Logistics Agency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Office of Installation Services and Environmental Protection was tasked with developing goals for energy consumption at each of the DLA-managed facilities. These goals could be based on factors which are beyond the contr...

J. J. Hobson

1988-01-01

480

Energy Consumption Rates across the USA and the World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use Google Earth to analyze oil consumption per capita in the US and around the world. Students then use spreadsheets to create graphs and calculate statistics regarding per capita energy use among various categories.

Richard, Glenn A.; Collection, Serc -.

481

Energy consumption evaluation of fuel bioethanol production from sweet potato.  

PubMed

The energy consumption for different operative conditions and configurations of the bioethanol production industrial process from an experimental variety of sweet potato (Ipomea batatas) K 9807.1 was evaluated. A process simulation model was developed using SuperPro Designer® software. The model was based on experimental data gathered from our laboratory experiments and technology and equipment suppliers. The effects of the dry matter ratio of sweet potato to water, the fermentation efficiency, and sweet potato sugar content, on the energy consumption (steam and electricity) were respectively evaluated. All factors were significant. The best ratio of dry matter to total water to work with fresh sweet potato was 0.2 kg dry sweet potato/kg water, as for greater ratios was not found a significant reduction in energy consumption. Also, the drying of the sweet potato previous its processing was studied. It presented an energy consumption greater than the energetic content of the bioethanol produced. PMID:23567705

Ferrari, Mario Daniel; Guigou, Mairan; Lareo, Claudia

2013-05-01

482

Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides information on the Tribes selected to receive assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy 2013 Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, which provides technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects on tribal lands.

Not Available

2013-07-01

483

Overview of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources in Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable power (photovoltaic, solar thermal or wind) is inherently intermittent and fluctuating. If renewable power has to become a major source of base-load dispatchable power, electricity storage systems of multi-MW capacity and multi-hours duration are indispensable. An overview of the advanced energy storage systems to store electrical energy generated by renewable energy sources is presented along with climatic conditions and

Faizur Rahman; Shafiqur Rehman; Mohammed Arif Abdul-Majeed

484

Tribological design constraints of marine renewable energy systems.  

PubMed

Against the backdrop of increasing energy demands, the threat of climate change and dwindling fuel reserves, finding reliable, diverse, sustainable/renewable, affordable energy resources has become a priority for many countries. Marine energy conversion systems are at the forefront of providing such a resource. Most marine renewable energy conversion systems require tribological components to convert wind or tidal streams to rotational motion for generating electricity while wave machines typically use oscillating hinge or piston within cylinder geometries to promote reciprocating linear motion. This paper looks at the tribology of three green marine energy systems, offshore wind, tidal and wave machines. Areas covered include lubrication and contamination, bearing and gearbox issues, biofouling, cavitation erosion, tribocorrosion, condition monitoring as well as design trends and loading conditions associated with tribological components. Current research thrusts are highlighted along with areas needing research as well as addressing present-day issues related to the tribology of offshore energy conversion technologies. PMID:20855321

Wood, Robert J K; Bahaj, AbuBakr S; Turnock, Stephen R; Wang, Ling; Evans, Martin

2010-10-28

485

Near-Memory Caching for Improved Energy Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Main memory,has become one of the largest contributors to overall energy consumption and offers many opportunities for power\\/energy reduction. In this paper, we propose a Power-Aware CachedDRAM (PA-CDRAM) organization that integrates a moderately sized cache directly into a memory chip. We use this near-memory cache to turn a memory,bank off immediately after it is accessed to reduce power consumption.

Nevine Aboughazaleh; Bruce R. Childers; Daniel Mosse ´; Rami G. Melhem

2007-01-01

486

Nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the short- and long-run causality issues between nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in Korea by applying modern time-series techniques. It employs annual data covering the period 1977–2002. Tests for unit roots, co-integration, and Granger-causality based on error-correction model are presented. The results show that unidirectional causality runs from nuclear energy consumption to economic growth in Korea

Seung-Hoon Yoo; Kun-Oh Jung

2005-01-01

487

Program helps pick site for renewable energy generation  

SciTech Connect

Monthly economic diversity column for Tri-City Herald - excerpt pasted below: Sunshine and wind are two things we know well in the Tri-Cities area and beyond. My own backyard is a perpetual vortex of breezy fun, for example, to the point that it almost seems silly not to harness it for something useful. But I recently learned that when we're talking about building renewable energy generation capacity, it's not quite as simple as 'If you build it, they will come.' In fact, according to renewable energy expert and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researcher John DeSteese, there are several criteria that make a piece of property suitable for this kind of development. DeSteese and his team recently completed an assessment regarding the use of specific land for renewable power generation through PNNL's Technology Assistance Program.

Madison, Alison L.

2011-11-13

488

The North American Market For Renewable Energy Certificates, 6. edition  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a study of the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) market and takes a comprehensive look at what RECs are, how they work, the role they can play in spurring renewable energy development, the different models for implementing RECs, current offerings of REC suppliers, and customer purchases of RECs. Topics covered include: an overview of green power; definition of what RECs are and how they work; discussion of the history of RECs and their uses; explanation of the benefits of RECs and the challenges they face; discussion of how RECs interact with Renewable Portfolio Standards; discussion of the REC certification process; overview of the current market for RECs in the U.S.; profiles of major North American REC tracking systems; and, profiles of 40 key North American REC market participants.

NONE

2007-10-15

489

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section 73.81 Protection...CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation...

2013-07-01

490

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...reserve program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80 Protection of...CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE ALLOWANCE SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation of...

2013-07-01

491

The importance of geospatial data to calculate the optimal distribution of renewable energies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Specially during last three years, the renewable energies are revolutionizing the international trade while they are geographically diversifying markets. Renewables are experiencing a rapid growth in power generation. According to REN21 (2012), during last six years, the total renewables capacity installed grew at record rates. In 2011, the EU raised its share of global new renewables capacity till 44%. The BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India and China) accounted for about 26% of the total global. Moreover, almost twenty countries in the Middle East, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa have currently active markets in renewables. The energy return ratios are commonly used to calculate the efficiency of the traditional energy sources. The Energy Return On Investment (EROI) compares the energy returned for a certain source and the energy used to get it (explore, find, develop, produce, extract, transform, harvest, grow, process, etc.). These energy return ratios have demonstrated a general decrease of efficiency of the fossil fuels and gas. When considering the limitations of the quantity of energy produced by some sources, the energy invested to obtain them and the difficulties of finding optimal locations for the establishment of renewables farms (e.g. due to an ever increasing scarce of appropriate land) the EROI becomes relevant in renewables. A spatialized EROI, which uses variables with spatial distribution, enables the optimal position in terms of both energy production and associated costs. It is important to note that the spatialized EROI can be mathematically formalized and calculated the same way for different locations in a reproducible way. This means that having established a concrete EROI methodology it is possible to generate a continuous map that will highlight the best productive zones for renewable energies in terms of maximum energy return at minimum cost. Relevant variables to calculate the real energy invested are the grid connections between production and consumption, transportation loses and efficiency of the grid. If appropriate, the spatialized EROI analysis could include any indirect costs that the source of energy might produce, such as visual impacts, food market impacts and land price. Such a spatialized study requires GIS tools to compute operations using both spatial relations like distances and frictions, and topological relations like connectivity, not easy to consider in the way that EROI is currently calculated. In a broader perspective, by applying the EROI to various energy sources, a comparative analysis of the efficiency to obtain different source can be done in a quantitative way. The increase in energy investment is also accompanied by the increase of manufactures and policies. Further efforts will be necessary in the coming years to provide energy access through smart grids and to determine the efficient areas in terms of cost of production and energy returned on investment. The authors present the EROI as a reliable solution to address the input and output energy relationship and increase the efficiency in energy investment considering the appropriate geospatial variables. The spatialized EROI can be a useful tool to consider by decision makers when designing energy policies and programming energy funds, because it is an objective demonstration of which energy sources are more convenient in terms of costs and efficiency.

Díaz, Paula; Masó, Joan

2013-04-01

492

A Linguistic Decision Support Model towards the Promotion of Renewable Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the pursuit of energy market restructure to sustainable forms of development, governments have at their disposal an increasingly diverse mix of renewable energy sources options. Indeed, renewable energy sources can be seen as a way to reduce carbon emissions, decrease fossil fuel imports, and meet other energy policy objectives. However, appraising renewable energy sources options is a really complex

H. Doukas; J. Psarras

2009-01-01

493

FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS: INVESTMENT VS OPERATING COST SUBSIDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increase in the share of renewable energy use has become an important energy policy target in most parts of the world. Even in cases where commercially available renewable technologies are technically and economically feasible, much investment in the energy sector is still directed towards conventional energy technologies, leading to market barriers and market failure faced by renewable energy technologies

Norbert Wohlgemuth; Reinhard Madlener

494

The potential of renewable energy and energy efficiency improvement in reducing CO2 emissions in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing concerns over the global warming and energy security problems in Taiwan have led the government to design and promote renewable energy policies more aggressively over the past decade. This paper aims at examining to what extent the renewable-energy policies will contribute to the reduction of CO2 emissions in Taiwan. Our analysis results, using a specific CGE model, show

Shih-Mo Lin; Jin-Xu Lin; Han-Pan Su; Fu-Kuang Ko; Le-Ren Lu

2009-01-01