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1

Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

2012-01-01

2

Economic welfare impacts from renewable energy consumption: The China experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last years renewable energy sources have increased their share on electricity generation of China due to environmental and security of supply concerns. In this work author assesses the role of both the amount and share of renewable energy consumption in economic welfare using Cobb–Douglas type production functions. This assessment is carried out by multivariate OLS and SPSS software

Yiping Fang

2011-01-01

3

Renewable energy consumption and economic growth in nine OECD countries: bounds test approach and causality analysis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the short-run and long-run causality between renewable energy (RE) consumption and economic growth (EG) in nine OECD countries from the period between 1982 and 2011. To examine the linkage, this paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration test and vector error-correction models to test the causal relationship between variables. The co-integration and causal relationships are found in five countries-United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom (UK). The overall results indicate that (1) a short-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in Italy and UK; (2) long-run unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany, Italy, and UK; (3) a long-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in USA, and Japan; (4) both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany and UK; and (5) Finally, both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from EG to RE in only USA. Further evidence reveals that policies for renewable energy conservation may have no impact on economic growth in France, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain. PMID:24558343

Hung-Pin, Lin

2014-01-01

4

Renewable Energy: Capstone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the culminating activity in the series of lessons on renewable energy. It serves to reinforce the idea that renewable sources of energy are necessary for a sustainable fuure, and to discuss some of the present impacts and potential drawbacks to renewable energy. In the activity, sudents will use online resources to research their present energy consumption and investigate whether it could economically be replaced by renewable sources.

Pratte, John

5

Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students are introduced to the five types of renewable energy resources by engaging in various activities to help them understand the transformation of energy (solar, water and wind) into electricity. Students explore the different roles engineers who work in renewable energy fields have in creating a sustainable environment â an environment that contributes to greater health, happiness and safety.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

6

Renewable Energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stimulated by recent technological developments and increasing concern over the sustainability and environmental impact of conventional fuel usage, the prospect of producing clean, sustainable power in substantial quantities from renewable energy sources arouses interest around the world. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the principal types of renewable energy--including solar, thermal, photovoltaics, bioenergy, hydro, tidal, wind, wave, and geothermal. In addition, it explains the underlying physical and technological principles of renewable energy and examines the environmental impact and prospects of different energy sources. With more than 350 detailed illustrations, more than 50 tables of data, and a wide range of case studies, Renewable Energy, 2/e is an ideal choice for undergraduate courses in energy, sustainable development, and environmental science. New to the Second Edition ·Full-color design ·Updated to reflect developments in technology, policy, attitides ·Complemented by Energy Systems and Sustainability edited by Godfrey Boyle, Bob Everett and Janet Ramage, all of the Open University, U.K.

Boyle, Godfrey

2004-05-01

7

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

8

Energy consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document examines energy consumption. The reading will explore energy consumption or energy usage in the United States and discuss specific topics such as (1) Who uses energy?, (2) Homes and commerce, (3) Heating and Cooling, (4) Lighting, (5) Appliances, (6) Appliance efficiency ratings, (7) Payback period, (8) Industrial sector, (9) Petroleum refining, (10) Steel manufacturing, (11) Aluminum Manufacturing, (12) Paper manufacturing, (13) Chemical Manufacturing, (14) Cement Manufacturing, (15) The Transportation Sector, (16) The Automobile, and (17) Commercial transportation (Trucks, Railroads, Planes, and Mass Transportation). The document also depicts illustrations of energy use percentages, lighting efficiency, energy guide, percentage of petroleum products, U.S. oil refinery operating expenses, reduction in energy use 1973-2003, average fuel efficiency of passenger cars, air transport passenger miles per gallon, and tractor trailer truck mileage. This resource is structured as an informational handout to supplement your energy activities or to generate discussion questions. Copyright 2005 International Technology Education Association

National Energy Education Development (NEED) Project

2003-01-01

9

Do biofuel blending mandates reduce gasoline consumption? Implications of state-level renewable fuel standards for energy security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an effort to keep America's addiction to oil under control, federal and state governments have implemented a variety of policy measures including those that determine the composition of motor gasoline sold at the pump. Biofuel blending mandates known as Renewable Fuel Standards (RFS) are designed to reduce the amount of foreign crude oil needed to be imported as well as to boost the local ethanol and corn industry. Yet beyond looking at changes in gasoline prices associated with increased ethanol production, there have been no empirical studies that examine effects of state-level RFS implementation on gasoline consumption. I estimate a Generalized Least Squares model for the gasoline demand for the 1993 to 2010 period with state and time fixed effects controlling for RFS. States with active RFS are Minnesota, Hawaii, Missouri, Florida, Washington, and Oregon. I find that, despite the onset of federal biofuel mandates across states in 2007 and the lower energy content of blended gasoline, being in a state that has implemented RFS is associated with 1.5% decrease in gasoline consumption (including blended gasoline). This is encouraging evidence for efforts to lessen dependence on gasoline and has positive implications for energy security.

Lim, Shinling

10

As Global energy consumption rises, more research is being conducted towards alternative renewable  

E-print Network

renewable fuels. · Combustion modeling is being used to simulate biodiesel combustion in diesel engines operate suitably in a diesel engine. · These results also demonstrate that the methyl oleate could-1039787" Investigation of Methyl Oleate as a Surrogate Fuel for Biodiesel, in a Direct Injection Diesel

Hutcheon, James M.

11

Funding for Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On May 25, 1999, the House and Senate appropriation committees cut funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs, while at the same time increasing funding for nuclear and fossil fuel programs. This move runs counter to the opinions of most Americans, according to a recent survey commissioned by the Sustainable Energy Coalition. According to the survey, Americans believe renewable energy and energy efficiency funding should be prioritized, while nuclear power and fossil fuel spending should be reduced. Following the budget changes, President Clinton issued an executive order for federal agencies to cut energy consumption by 35 percent of 1985 levels by 2010, as the federal government is the largest consumer of energy. Clinton also urged Congress to reevaluate and approve the 2000 budget funding requests for research to help American businesses use energy-saving technology. This week's In The News examines the recent federal decisions regarding energy use and technology; the eight resources listed provide background information on this important issue.

Schultz, Jennifer J.

12

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

.S. Department of Energy #12;Renewable Energy Solar Biomass/Biofuels Hydrogen/Fuel Cells Wind/ Water Power: Fuel cells can be powered by emissions-free fuels that are produced from clean, domestic resources Generation DLA: Fuel Cell Material Handling Equipment, Solar Power, and H2ICE shuttle buses Fuel Cell

13

Renewable energy and telecommunications  

E-print Network

Renewable energy and telecommunications Case study: Energy Systems Week When AK Erlang first used fossil fuels and switch to renewable energy sources. But the unlikely convergence of the two fields lay to be able to deal with. "If we integrate renewable energies, such as wind power, in the electricity grid

14

The Renewable Energy Footprint  

E-print Network

With the shift toward renewable energy comes the potential for staggering land impacts – many millions of acres may be consumed to meet demand for electricity and fuel over the next 20 years. To conservationists’ dismay, the more renewable energy we...

Outka, Uma

2011-01-01

15

Imagine a day, you drove your car without spilling a dime from your pocket? A day, you pay just a dollar bill for your monthly electrical energy consumption? Yes, this is what renewable energy resources does! We  

E-print Network

the wind and solar energy sources through hands-on activities during the camp!! Participants will get Imagine a day, you drove your car without spilling a dime from your pocket? A day, you pay just a dollar bill for your monthly electrical energy consumption? Yes, this is what renewable

Kostic, Milivoje M.

16

China's renewable energy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to find some feasible measures to solve the problems faced in China's renewable energy development and promote the industrial development of China's renewable energy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper summarises the status and studies the problems of China's renewable energy industrial development, and then puts forward some proposals for the industrial development. Findings

Zhongying Wang; Junfeng Li

2009-01-01

17

INFORMATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

ENHANCING INFORMATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT IN BRAZIL, CHINA, AND SOUTH AFRICA UNITEDNATIONSENERGYPROGRAMME #12;#12;Enhancing Information for Renewable Energy Technology Deployment in Brazil, China Piratini, All other photos: ERI, INPE, CRSES #12;Enhancing Information for Renewable Energy Technology

18

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

-and-trade pproggram to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 80 percent by 2050 · Make the US a leader on climate change Nuclear Energy (TBD for FY11) $100M $200M EERE FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 REQUEST 1 FEEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy An Introduction to the 2010 Fuel Cell Pre

19

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Fourth Edition Manager Renewable Energy Office G. William Pennington Acting Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable of how the Energy Commission's Renewable Energy Program is administered and outlines terms

20

Renewable energy annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Annual 1995 is the first in an expected series of annual reports the Energy Information Administration (EIA) intends to publish to provide a comprehensive assessment of renewable energy. This report presents the following information on the history, status, and prospects of renewable energy data: estimates of renewable resources; characterizations of renewable energy technologies; descriptions of industry infrastructures for individual technologies; evaluations of current market status; and assessments of near-term prospects for market growth. An international section is included, as well as two feature articles that discuss issues of importance for renewable energy as a whole. The report also contains a number of technical appendices and a glossary. The renewable energy sources included are biomass (wood), municipal solid waste, biomass-derived liquid fuels, geothermal, wind, and solar and photovoltaic.

NONE

1995-12-01

21

National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Lab is the U.S. Department of Energy's premier laboratory for renewable energy research and development and a leading laboratory for energy efficiency research and development. The web site provides access to a large array of information that targets many different audiences. There are educational links and classroom activities and projects suited for audiences from primary education through college-level. Other features include information about different forms of energy, databases on renewable energy production, an extensive photo gallery, and information on current research and applications in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

2002-04-01

22

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Learning About Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) research into renewable energy technologies and provides information on energy efficiency and various applications of renewable energy. Topics include the major categories of renewable energy (biomass, geothermal, solar, and wind); how renewable energy technologies can be used by consumers and providers; and how renewable energy can be stored and delivered. There is also information on advanced transportation technologies and links to a variety of educational resources for students about renewable energy sources and technologies.

23

Renewable Energy Trust  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Renewable Energy Trust, which was created by the Massachusetts Legislature in 1998, is administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, a statewide quasi-public economic development agency. The Collaborative "seeks to maximize environmental and economic benefits for the CommonwealthâÂÂs citizens by pioneering and promoting clean energy technologies and fostering the emergence of sustainable markets for electricity generated from renewable sources." The website provides information on the Trust's various programs and activities. The Energy Information section of the website provides more information about renewable energy and suggestions for what energy users can do as well as resources for teaching students about renewable energy and global warming.

24

EDITORIAL: Renewing energy technology Renewing energy technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is now a mainstream concern among businesses and governments across the world, and could be considered a characteristic preoccupation of our time. It is interesting to note that many of the energy technologies currently being developed date back to very different eras, and even predate the industrial revolution. The fuel cell was first invented as long ago as

Anna Demming

2011-01-01

25

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

2007-09-17

26

Renewable Energy Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many ways the field of renewable energy technology is being introduced to a society that has little knowledge or background with anything beyond traditional exhaustible forms of energy and power. Dotson (2009) noted that the real challenge is to inform and educate the citizenry of the renewable energy potential through the development of…

Daugherty, Michael K.; Carter, Vinson R.

2010-01-01

27

National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

E-print Network

Innovation for Our Energy Future Sponsorship Format Black Color:Solid Black Vertical Format-A Black Vertical Format-B Black National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future National Renewable, a market conservatively estimated at $125 million per year. The UAWS is the culmination of more than 10

28

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National  

E-print Network

Environment Agency (EEA). The EEA project manager was David Owain Clubb. The authors acknowledge the following;Contents Summary 9 Gross final energy consumption The share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Detailed

29

Programs in Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

Our nation faces significant challenges as we enter the 1990s: securing a reliable supply of competitively priced energy, improving the quality of our environment, and increasing our share of foreign markets for goods and services. The US Department of Energy's (DOE) Programs in Renewable Energy are working toward meeting these challenges by developing the technologies that make use of our nation's largest energy resource: renewable energy. The sunlight, wind biomass, flowing water, ocean energy, and geothermal energy that make up the renewable energy resource can be found throughout our nation. These resources can provide all the forms of energy our nation needs: liquid fuels, electricity, and heating and cooling. Renewable energy meets about 10% of our need for these forms of energy today, yet the potential contribution is many times greater. DOE's Programs in Renewable Energy are working side-by-side with American industry to develop the technologies that convert renewable energy resources into practical, cost-competitive energy. After a decade of progress in research, several of these technologies are poised to make large contributions during the 1990s and beyond. This booklet provides an overview of the renewable energy programs and their plans for FY 1990. Sources of additional information are listed at the back of the booklet. 48 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1990-01-01

30

2011 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &  

E-print Network

Renewable and Alternative Fuels ........................................................ XI Clean Energy2011 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Carla Frisch, Tien Nguyen

31

Renewable Energy Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the trade association for the UK bioenergy industry, British Biogen's mission is to promote and coordinate the commercial development of biomass as a renewable fuel resource for energy production. British Biogen has merged with the Renewable Power Association. By clicking on the Renewable Energy tab, users will find information on the different subject areas. REA adds new information based upon what we discover and updates these subject fields.

2007-06-11

32

Renewable Energy Technology Certificate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this framework for a renewable energy certificate. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-05-27

33

AID's renewable energy projects  

SciTech Connect

Efforts by the US to promote renewable energy and fuelwood projects in developing countries were reviewed. Issues of slow project implementation and questionable field-testing of energy devices are discussed.

Not Available

1982-08-13

34

COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Lorraine Gonzalez Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy directive to report annually on the results of the Renewable Energy Program's activities and status

35

The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program  

E-print Network

The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program develops sustainable energy technologies production and use Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program Research Focus Areas Nickel aluminide Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The unique, state-of-the-art experimental equipment found

36

Energy-consumption modelling  

SciTech Connect

A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

Reiter, E.R.

1980-01-01

37

Renewable Energy Policy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1995 with funding from the Energy Foundation and the Department of Energy, the Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP) has spent the past decade educating the general public about renewable energies. This is accomplished by providing competent and rigorous policy analysis about the myriad of issues surrounding the viability and sustainability of such energy sources. Visitors to the siteâÂÂs homepage will find clickable icons (such as those depicting wind, solar, and hydrogen), and they can discover the variety of resources associated with each type of renewable energy source. These resources generally include a brief description of the REPPâÂÂs work in each field, along with links to some of their more recent working papers and policy briefs. For persons who hope to join the discussion about some of these timely topics, the site also maintains a number of relevant listservs, such as those dealing with bioconversion and strawbale conversion.

38

Tomorrow's energy today: Energy efficiency and renewable energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This broad overview of energy programs of the Office of Conservation and Renewable Energy of the U.S. DOE emphasizes means of promoting energy efficiency for the next generation. Current research goals to reduce energy consumption in industry, buildings, and the transportation sector are presented. A doubling of economic growth without depleting fossil fuels by the year 2030 is conceivable.

Brennan, A.

1992-04-01

39

Reducing theatre energy consumption.  

PubMed

As little has been written to describe the electrical energy required to deliver anaesthesia, we undertook to measure the total electrical energy consumption for a day's clinical anaesthesia. Daily energy consumption related to anaesthesia was measured with commercially available 'plug-in' power and energy meters, and additional in-use energy estimates were based on direct observation made in theatre and from measuring the power consumption of anaesthetic gas scavenging system (AGSS) pumps. Total energy use for anaesthesia per day was 28 kWh, and cost the modest sum of around pound 2.24 per day. Disproportionately large amounts of energy were required to run the anaesthetic gas scavenging pumps and the overhead radiant heaters. Energy saving can be safely obtained by switching off AGSS out of hours, and placing radiant heaters on timing or thermostatic controls. PMID:24697094

Pierce, Tom; Morris, Gemma; Parker, Beena

2014-03-01

40

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Flow Analytics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy flow analytics. Several useful graphics are included which provide data on energy flow and consumption as well as US transportation consumption. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-25

41

Comparison of renewable energy policy evolution among the BRICs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy policy evolution of the BRICs is analyzed and assessed quantitatively based on the Bai and Perron’ s structure breaks test. Results indicate no break for time series of renewable production in Russia, while series of renewable production and consumption are characterized as segmented trend stationary processes around one or two structural breaks in Brazil, India and China. Renewable

Huiming Zhang; Lianshui Li; Jie Cao; Mengnan Zhao; Qing Wu

2011-01-01

42

Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities  

E-print Network

Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities Andrew and intermittent nature of many renewable energy sources makes integrating them into the electric grid challenging-following loads adjust their power consumption to match the avail- able renewable energy supply. We show Internet

California at Berkeley, University of

43

Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile The research program of the Professorship of Renewable applied to renewable energy technologies. The fundamental research focus comprises high-temperature heat (radiative fluxes >10 000 kW/m2 ; temperatures >1000°C; heating rates >1000°C/s) + Renewable Energy

44

Renewable Energy Education Set  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kit demonstrates an entire miniature renewable energy system. Set includes a wind turbine kit, solar photovoltaic panel, an electrolyzer, a PEM fuel cell, and a hydrogen storage system. Helps students visualize the workings of clean energy principles. For grades 4-12.

1900-01-01

45

Learning about Renewable Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an introduction to renewable energy, discussing: (1) the production of electricity from sunlight; (2) wind power; (3) hydroelectric power; (4) geothermal energy; and (5) biomass. Also provided are nine questions to answer (based on the readings), four additional questions to answer (which require additional information), and…

Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

46

Offshore Renewable Energy Solutions  

E-print Network

and maximising energy extraction. Offshore understanding Our long track record working with the oil and gasOffshore Renewable Energy Solutions #12;Cefas: meeting complex requirements The Centre and fisheries data. We also work collaboratively, with cross-cutting project teams, innovators in the supply

47

Metering Best Practices Applied in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility: A Primer to the 2011 Measured and Modeled Energy Consumption Datasets  

SciTech Connect

Modern buildings are complex energy systems that must be controlled for energy efficiency. The Research Support Facility (RSF) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has hundreds of controllers -- computers that communicate with the building's various control systems -- to control the building based on tens of thousands of variables and sensor points. These control strategies were designed for the RSF's systems to efficiently support research activities. Many events that affect energy use cannot be reliably predicted, but certain decisions (such as control strategies) must be made ahead of time. NREL researchers modeled the RSF systems to predict how they might perform. They then monitor these systems to understand how they are actually performing and reacting to the dynamic conditions of weather, occupancy, and maintenance.

Sheppy, M.; Beach, A.; Pless, S.

2013-04-01

48

Renewable energy for low carbon emission IP over WDM networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose a low-carbon emission IP over WDM network where renewable energy is used to replace some of the non-renewable energy sources. We develop a Linear Programming (LP) model with the objective of minimizing the non-renewable energy consumption and propose a novel heuristic for improving renewable energy utilization. Compared with routing in the electronic layer, the results

Xiaowen Dong; Taisir El-Gorashi; Jaafar M. H. Elmirghani

2011-01-01

49

Renewable Energy Business Partnerships in China: Renewable Energy in China  

SciTech Connect

China has rich potential for renewable energy development including wind energy, solar, biomass, hydropower, and geothermal. Fact sheet describes Chinas policy for attracting foreign investment, Chinas tax policy, import duties, currency exchange, and renewable joint ventures in China.

Not Available

2004-04-01

50

Introduction to Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course model on renewable and sustainable technology. The course emphasizes energy consumption, efficiency, and conservation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Kox, Amy L.

2011-05-03

51

Energy and resource consumption  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present and projected energy requirements for the United States are discussed. The energy consumption and demand sectors are divided into the categories: residential and commercial, transportation, and industrial and electrical generation (utilities). All sectors except electrical generation use varying amounts of fossile fuel resources for non-energy purposes. The highest percentage of non-energy use by sector is industrial with 71.3 percent. The household and commercial sector uses 28.4 percent, and transportation about 0.3 percent. Graphs are developed to project fossil fuel demands for non-energy purposes and the perdentage of the total fossil fuel used for non-energy needs.

1973-01-01

52

Renewable energy scenario in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prospects for renewable energy are steadily improving in India (% of total installed capacity is expected to be 10% by 2020). It is destined to take a leading role in the global renewable energy movement aiming towards sustainable development. Renewable energy programmes are especially designed to meet the growing energy needs in the rural areas for promoting decentralised and hybrid

D. P. Kothari

2000-01-01

53

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Fifth Edition Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Dave Ashuckian, P.E. Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director The California Energy Commission formally

54

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Sixth Edition Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Dave Ashuckian, P.E. Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director The California Energy Commission formally

55

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &  

E-print Network

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments Augustine of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Carla energy is one of the fastest growing renewable electricity technologies-- between 2000 and 2012, wind

56

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Economics and Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy economics and policy. Students will gain a better understanding of how energy policy impacts the environment, energy consumption and energy production. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

57

Renewable energy today and tomorrow  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is essential to our society to ensure our quality of life and to underpin all other elements of our economy. Renewable energy technologies offer the promise of clean, abundant energy gathered from self-renewing resources such as the sun, wind, earth, and plants. Virtually all regions of the United States and the world have renewable resources of one type or

STANLEY R. BULL

2001-01-01

58

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH August 2010  

E-print Network

Integration PIER Renewable Energy Research The Issue Researchers at the Santa Rita Jail, in Dublin, California a renewable energy integrated systems approach that is capable of obtaining at least a 15 percent reduction of techniques and practical approaches to use for integrating multiple renewable energy resources. · Data about

59

Renewable and Solar Energy Technologies: Energy and Environmental Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical need exists to investigate various renewable and solar energy technologies and examine the energy and environmental\\u000a issues associated with these various technologies. The various renewable energy technologies will not be able to replace all\\u000a current 102 quads (quad = 1015 BTU) of U.S. energy consumption (USCB 2007). A gross estimate of land and water resources is needed, as

David Pimentel

60

A renewable perspective for sustainable energy development in Turkey: The case of small hydropower plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy resources provide a large share of the total energy consumption of many developing countries. Turkey's renewable sources are the second largest source for energy production after coal. About two-thirds of the renewable energy produced is obtained from biomass, while the rest is mainly from hydroelectric energy. Hydropower is today the most important kind of renewable and sustainable energy.

Havva Balat

2007-01-01

61

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Efficiency: Buildings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy efficient buildings. A breakdown of energy consumption by sector is included as well as the major concerns for residential and commercial building energy use. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

62

77 FR 23224 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-04-18

63

78 FR 78340 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-12-26

64

The value of schedule update frequency on distributed energy storage performance in renewable energy  

E-print Network

of Distributed Energy Storage devices for Renewable Energy integration. The primary objective is to describe scheduling on the storage performance in renewable energy integration. Optimal schedules of Distributed Energy Storage devices are based on forecasts of Renewable Energy production, local consumption

Boyer, Edmond

65

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY BUILDINGS@univ-perp.fr Keywords: Renewable energies, energy performance indicators, monitoring system, smart transducers, control. Control algorithms are tested in simulation to improve renewable energy consumption while reducing fossil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

66

Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy.  

E-print Network

??Selected non-renewable and renewable energy processes from the ecoinvent 2.2 life cycle inventory database were analysed using basic contribution analysis, geometric series expansion, and structural… (more)

Hung, Christine

2010-01-01

67

Renewable Energy Research Planning for Renewable-based  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Planning for Renewable-based Energy Security and Prosperity in Humboldt of the county, however, offers much potential. Many indigenous renewable energy resources, such as biomass affecting renewable energy in the region. An array of potential ownership models will be considered

68

Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant is a software tool to be used by energy auditors to prioritize future studies of potentially cost-effective renewable energy applications at federal facilities. This paper describes the structure and function of the tool, gives an inventory of renewable energy technologies represented in the tool, and briefly describes the algorithms used to rank opportunities by the savings-to-investment ratio.

Shelpuk, B [Natural Energy Resources Unlimited, Evergreen, CO (United States); Walker, A [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-10-01

69

PYRAMID LAKE RENEWEABLE ENERGY PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Plan covers these areas: energy potential (primarily focusing on geothermal resource potential, but also more generally addressing wind energy potential); renewable energy market potential; transmission system development; geothermal direct use potential; and business structures to accomplish the development objectives of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe.

HIGH DESERT GEOCULTURE, LLC

2009-06-06

70

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources, Northeast Utilities and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, RERL promotes education and research in solar and wind energy conversion technologies. The research program provides graduate students opportunities to develop a program of study and a thesis topic, at the M.S or Ph. D. level, in one of the currently active renewable energy research programs.

2007-10-17

71

EDITORIAL: Renewing energy technology Renewing energy technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energy is now a mainstream concern among businesses and governments across the world, and could be considered a characteristic preoccupation of our time. It is interesting to note that many of the energy technologies currently being developed date back to very different eras, and even predate the industrial revolution. The fuel cell was first invented as long ago as 1838 by the Swiss--German chemist Christian Friedrich Schönbein [1], and the idea of harnessing solar power dates back to ancient Greece [2]. The enduring fascination with new means of harnessing energy is no doubt linked to man's innate delight in expending it, whether it be to satisfy the drive of curiosity, or from a hunger for entertainment, or to power automated labour-saving devices. But this must be galvanized by the sustained ability to improve device performance, unearthing original science, and asking new questions, for example regarding the durability of photovoltaic devices [3]. As in so many fields, advances in hydrogen storage technology for fuel cells have benefited significantly from nanotechnology. The idea is that the kinetics of hydrogen uptake and release may be reduced by decreasing the particle size. An understanding of how effective this may be has been hampered by limited knowledge of the way the thermodynamics are affected by atom or molecule cluster size. Detailed calculations of individual atoms in clusters are limited by computational resources as to the number of atoms that can studied, and other innovative approaches that deal with force fields derived by extrapolating the difference between the properties of clusters and bulk matter require labour-intensive modifications when extending such studies to new materials. In [4], researchers in the US use an alternative approach, considering the nanoparticle as having the same crystal structure as the bulk but relaxing the few layers of atoms near the surface. The favourable features of nanostructures for catalysis also recommend them for ethanol fuel cells, as demonstrated in the decoration of SnO2-coated single-walled carbon nanotubes with platinum catalysts by researchers in Canada [5] Interest in solar power received an enormous boost in the early 1990s when Brian O'Regan and Michael Grätzel published work on a new way to maximise the amount of energy harvested by colloidal TiO2 films with the use of a charge-transfer dye [6]. This approach captured attention across the community due to the large current densities, exceptional stability and low cost of the devices. This design has been modified since, using arrays of nanowires, where each nanowire provides a direct pathway to the collection electrode. In [7], researchers in the US investigate how arrays of vertical nanowires with controlled aspect ratios grow in solution, and how the nanowire aspect ratio affects the performance of nanowire-based dye-sensitized solar cells. A collaboration of researchers in China and Australia has considered how the cell performance could be improved by maximising the interface area between the indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-glass electrode and the oxide semiconductor. To this end, they synthesized arrays of ITO nanowires and ITO/TiO2 core-shell nanowires creating a three-dimensional electrode [8]. Quantum dots have also been incorporated into solar cell devices as they have higher extinction coefficients than metal-organic dyes and their size-dependent spectral responses allow them to be tuned to optimize their performance. Until recently, molecular linkers have been required to attach the quantum dots to the electrode, creating a gap between quantum dot and electrode that is thought to diminish cell performance. Researchers in Spain and Japan have applied a new technique that allows the quantum dots to be adsorbed directly onto the electrode, yielding significant improvements to cell efficiency [9]. Organic photovoltaic devices have also attracted considerable interest as a result of their flexibility and the ability to produce them at a low cost in large scales. While maximising cell effici

Demming, Anna

2011-06-01

72

Renewable Energy Introduction and Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) hosts this presentation from Roger Taylor of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory on renewable energy options including solar, wind, biomass, hydro and geothermal.Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Taylor, Roger

2012-11-28

73

Renewable energy and the ODA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Promoting the introduction of appropriate use of renewable energy is one of the three main areas of ODA's energy efficiency strategy. Activities as part of the strategy include bilateral aid, mainly as technical assistance and involvement in a number of multilateral initiatives. ODA supported research projects also consider how best to introduce the use of appropriate renewable energy applications, in

Gareth Martin

1996-01-01

74

Renewable energy financing: India's experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

India's Renewable Energy Programme is the largest and the most extensive among the developing countries of the World. The increased use of renewable energy technologies has been facilitated by a variety of policy and support measures from the Government of India (GoI). The programme is administered by the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES) - the nodal ministry of the

V. Bakthavatsalam

1999-01-01

75

Autonomous renewable energy conversion system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper briefly reviews the need for renewable power generation and describes a medium-power Autonomous Renewable Energy Conversion System (ARECS), integrating conversion of wind and solar energy sources. The objectives of the paper are to extract maximum power from the proposed wind energy conversion scheme and to transfer this power and the power derived by the photovoltaic system in a

Ventzislav Valtchev; Alex Van den Bossche; Jozef Ghijselen; Jan Melkebeek

2000-01-01

76

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Priorities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students analyze real-world data for five types of renewable energy, as found on the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. They identify the best and worst locations for production of each form of renewable energy, and then make recommendations for which type that state should pursue.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

77

Monitoring Energy Consumption of Smartphones  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of new and innovative applications for mobile devices like smart phones, advances in battery technology have not kept pace with rapidly growing energy demands. Thus energy consumption has become a more and more important issue of mobile devices. To meet the requirements of saving energy, it is critical to monitor and analyze the energy consumption of

Fangwei Ding; Feng Xia; Wei Zhang; Xuhai Zhao; Chengchuan Ma

2011-01-01

78

RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr Gareth P. Harrison  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr Gareth P. Harrison Institute for Energy Systems, School of Engineering & Electronics, University of Edinburgh, UK. ABSTRACT The expansion and commercialisation of renewable energy and deployment of renewable energy technologies can be made based on their environmental, sustainability

Harrison, Gareth

79

Renewable energy and the public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public acceptability is increasingly seen as a constraint on the exploitation of renewable energy. Despite the high level of support for renewable energy in general, attitudes towards specific projects among some parts of ‘the public’ can be more negative, and conflict can appear particularly within processes of planning approval. A review is provided of research into and experience of public

Gordon Walker

1995-01-01

80

Mainstreaming New Renewable Energy Technologies  

E-print Network

Mainstreaming New Renewable Energy Technologies Karsten Neuhoff and Rick Sellers March 2006 CWPE 0624 and EPRG 0606 These working papers present preliminary research findings, and you... are advised to cite with caution unless you first contact the author regarding possible amendments. 1 Mainstreaming New Renewable Energy Technologies: Enhancing Market Learning October 2005 Karsten Neuhoff and Rick Sellers1...

Neuhoff, Karsten; Sellers, Rick

81

Renewable Energy Alternatives in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook discusses the renewable energy resources suitable for use in Maryland. It follows a question and answer format with sections about the following alternative renewable energy sources; solar, wind, wood, water, bio-gas/methane, and geothermal. Each section includes a list of recommended readings, appropriate agencies or organizations,…

Welsh, Greg E.; McClellan, Deborah A. S.

82

California Renewable Energy Center Integrated Assessment  

E-print Network

California Renewable Energy Center Integrated Assessment of Renewable Energy Technology Options #12;California Renewable Energy Center California has a long history of aggressively pursuing renewable energy Renewable Energy Center APPROACH: 1. Determine current in-state technology capability, vis-Ă -vis state

California at Davis, University of

83

The future of energy, consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The consumption of energy is increasing at an ever-rising rate. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to the increasing energy demands of the nation and world. The article defines consumption for the students and discusses energy conservation. Students read that much of their energy consumption is shown to be energy wants, not necessarily energy needs. Thought-provoking questions afford students chances to reflect on what they've read about the consumption of energy. Links to PBS NewsHour articles about air conditioning efficiency and conservation using alternative energy sources are provided. Four energy-related links offer information about alternatives to air conditioning, energy-conserving landscaping, Energy Star appliances, and energy requirements of light bulbs. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

84

Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) is a non-profit organization working towards standardization in policies, education, and information regarding sustainable energy. One of their goals is to introduce renewable energy as an energy option in cities across the United States. They fund and support many programs dedicated to this research, accreditation, and training. IREC also publishes newsletters, holds conferences and events for the industry. This website is a mine of information for teachers, students, and renewable energy enthusiasts wanting to learn more.

2010-02-12

85

World Renewable Energy Network Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through its worldwide network, WREN advocates the utilization of renewable energy sources by promoting the technical education of scientists, engineers, and technicians in addressing the energy needs of both developing and developed countries.

2007-10-02

86

Annual renewable energy technology review  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Institute has seen a growing need to provide a central source of information on the full range of renewable energy technologies. Inquiries from federal and state governments, colleges and universities, renewable energy companies, foreign companies and governments, journalists, and the general public have revealed that such an information source was sorely lacking. National energy statistics generally identify only the ''tip of the iceberg'' by surveying traditional supply sources (e.g. electric utilities) and group the renewable energy contribution into the ''other'' category. Because of their decentralized application, the direct contribution of these technologies and their displacement of conventional energy sources are often overlooked. The Annual Renewable Energy Technology Review: Progress Through 1984 marks the second effort by the Renewable Energy Institute to quantify the contribution of renewable energy. The publication has been greatly expanded from the previous edition. Information on total resources availability, international activities, and state government incentives has been added. Also, sections which appeared in the previous edition on technology status, industry status, and market status have been enhanced to provide readers with vital information for evaluating the status and prospects of each technology.

Not Available

1986-01-01

87

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

88

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book  

DOE Data Explorer

The 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book is 128 pages of data in tables, figures and charts, and text. It provides a look at resources and usage for wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, hydrogen, and biopower. Developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), it was produced by Rachel Gelman, edited by Mike Meshek, and designed by Stacy Buchanan and Erica Augustine and released in October, 2013. Report number for this data book is DOE/GO-102013-4291.

89

Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

1 Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Renewable Energy *Preliminary draft, please refer fish and wildlife impacts associated with renewable energy development. The Council also received invasive plants as biofeedstocks. I. Summary A. Consider the effects of renewable energy development

90

Review of the Renewable Energy Target  

E-print Network

Review of the Renewable Energy Target Response to Expert Panel's Call for Submissions Paper #12;NSW Government Submission to the Review of the Renewable Energy Target, May 2014 2/20 Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................... 3 RENEWABLE ENERGY IN NSW

Peters, Richard

91

US Electrical Energy Consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of annual electrical consumption by state in gigaWatt-hours (gWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider the carbon dioxide produced as a result of this consumption. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

92

Developing Government Renewable Energy Projects  

SciTech Connect

The US Army Corps of Engineers has retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a study of past INL experiences and complete a report that identifies the processes that are needed for the development of renewable energy projects on government properties. The INL has always maintained expertise in power systems and applied engineering and INL’s renewable energy experiences date back to the 1980’s when our engineers began performing US Air Force wind energy feasibility studies and development projects. Over the last 20+ years of working with Department of Defense and other government agencies to study, design, and build government renewable projects, INL has experienced the do’s and don’ts for being successful with a project. These compiled guidelines for government renewable energy projects could include wind, hydro, geothermal, solar, biomass, or a variety of hybrid systems; however, for the purpose of narrowing the focus of this report, wind projects are the main topic discussed throughout this report. It is our thought that a lot of what is discussed could be applied, possibly with some modifications, to other areas of renewable energy. It is also important to note that individual projects (regardless the type) vary to some degree depending on location, size, and need but in general these concepts and directions can be carried over to the majority of government renewable energy projects. This report focuses on the initial development that needs to occur for any project to be a successful government renewable energy project.

Kurt S. Myers; Thomas L. Baldwin; Jason W. Bush; Jake P. Gentle

2012-07-01

93

Solar Renewable Energy. Teaching Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit develops the concept of solar energy as a renewable resource. It includes: (1) an introductory section (developing understandings of photosynthesis and impact of solar energy); (2) information on solar energy use (including applications and geographic limitations of solar energy use); and (3) future considerations of solar energy

Buchanan, Marion; And Others

94

2009 Renewable Energy Data Book AUGUST 2010  

E-print Network

2009 Renewable Energy Data Book AUGUST 2010 Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12 Buchanan of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Mike © 2010 U.S. Department of Energy #12;Key Findings · Although renewable energy (excluding hydropower

95

Zero Waste, Renewable Energy & Environmental  

E-print Network

Zero Waste, Renewable Energy & Environmental Stewardship - Connecting loose ends: Thermal Recycling® Philipp Schmidt-Pathmann, President Waste Recovery Seattle International, LLC. #12;Assisting Agencies #12;Headlines #12;Outline · An Environmental Perspective · Waste Management Directive in Europe

Columbia University

96

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) promotes its research to "secure an energy future for the nation that is environmentally and economically sustainable." The website summaries the Laboratory's variety of research and technology including photovoltaics, wind, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydrogen and fuel cells. Visitors can find out the latest NREL news and events. Visitors can locate materials about renewable energy and energy efficiency. The Publications Database offers references to a wide range of documents about sustainable energy technologies written or edited by NREL.

97

Jobs and Renewable Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

Early in 2002, REPP developed the Jobs Calculator, a tool that calculates the number of direct jobs resulting from renewable energy development under RPS (Renewable Portfolio Standard) legislation or other programs to accelerate renewable energy development. The calculator is based on a survey of current industry practices to assess the number and type of jobs that will result from the enactment of a RPS. This project built upon and significantly enhanced the initial Jobs Calculator model by (1) expanding the survey to include other renewable technologies (the original model was limited to wind, solar PV and biomass co-firing technologies); (2) more precisely calculating the economic development benefits related to renewable energy development; (3) completing and regularly updating the survey of the commercially active renewable energy firms to determine kinds and number of jobs directly created; and (4) developing and implementing a technology to locate where the economic activity related to each type of renewable technology is likely to occur. REPP worked directly with groups in the State of Nevada to interpret the results and develop policies to capture as much of the economic benefits as possible for the state through technology selection, training program options, and outreach to manufacturing groups.

Sterzinger, George

2006-12-19

98

77 FR 64112 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nationwide Categorical Waivers...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), (202)...

2012-10-18

99

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency by the California Energy Commission's Renewables Committee as part of Renewable Energy Program ­ Docket # 02-REN

100

Energy 5: Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video distinguishes between renewable and non-renewable energy resources. It examines the question, "How long to do we have before we exhaust non-renewable resources?" It also looks at alternatives to non-renewable energy resources. This video is part of the Sustainability Learning Suites, made possible in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. See 'Learn more about this resource' for Learning Objectives and Activities.

Vanasupa, Linda

101

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Introduction and Energy Statistical Data Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document includes an overview of energy, details on US and world energy consumption statistics as well as alternative and renewable energy statistics. The material includes useful data and a number of graphical representations of the information. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-08-05

102

Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe Vienna University of Technology I Energiepark Bruck/Leitha  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER Vienna University on the consumption of energy. However, this system is currently not sustainable. Renewable energy sources as well. The objective of the postgraduate MSc Program "Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe" is, to contribute

Szmolyan, Peter

103

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates  

SciTech Connect

This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs can have a strong deployment impact on emerging renewable energy markets. This report focuses on renewable energy rebate programs, which are being analyzed as part of the State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project. SCEPA is being used to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states.

Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

2009-03-01

104

78 FR 48855 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-08-12

105

76 FR 54431 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-09-01

106

76 FR 7815 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-02-11

107

76 FR 44576 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-07-26

108

77 FR 6783 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-02-09

109

78 FR 20896 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-04-08

110

77 FR 32531 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-06-01

111

75 FR 70214 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2010-11-17

112

77 FR 50489 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Wind and Water Power Program...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...into our nation's grid. Some renewable energy resources, such as wind...

2012-08-21

113

78 FR 69370 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-11-19

114

78 FR 2952 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-01-15

115

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2010 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Valerie Hall This report was prepared by the California Energy Commission Renewables Committee as part of Renewable Energy

116

Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies Renewable energy resources are available throughout the United States.The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performs analysis to identify high-potential sites for renewable energy technologies and can help determine those technologies

117

2013 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2013 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

Esterly, S.

2014-12-01

118

Renewable Energy and Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued the Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) at http://srren.ipcc-wg3.de/ (May 2011 electronic version; printed form ISBN 978-1-107-60710-1, 2012). More than 130 scientists contributed to the report.* The SRREN assessed existing literature on the future potential of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change within a portfolio of mitigation options including energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuel switching, RE, nuclear and carbon capture and storage (CCS). It covers the six most important renewable energy technologies - bioenergy, direct solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind, as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It also takes into consideration the environmental and social consequences associated with these technologies, the cost and strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion.

Chum, H. L.

2012-01-01

119

Global strategy in the renewable energy industry  

SciTech Connect

This article is based on the findings of two major studies conducted by the U.S. Export Council for Renewable Energy (US-ECRE) for the United States Department of Commerce. One, ''International Renewable Energy Industry and Trade Policy: A Competitive Assessment,'' focuses on the domestic and international renewable energy policies of six leading manufacturing nations. The other, ''Global Business Strategy in the Renewable Energy Industry,'' examines the corporate strategies of ten leading international renewable energy manufacturing companies.

Enfield, S.E.; Levitt, J.N.

1986-05-01

120

Renewable Energy: Energy Security and Sustainability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energy offers the possibility of providing a complete, sustainable energy infrastructure without anthropogenic emission of CO2. Large-scale implementation of renewable technologies would eliminate the need to develop and implement sequestration systems, by reducing the use of, and ultimately eliminating fossil based energy production. Renewable energy also offers energy security because indigenous resources are sufficient. The major renewable energy systems include phovoltaics (solar cells), solar thermal (electric and thermal), wind, biomass (plants and trees), hydroelectric, ocean, and geothermal. Given the intermittent nature of solar energy, only those energy systems that are coupled to an energy storage technology will be viable. Among the energy storage technologies are hydrogen, batteries, flywheels, superconductivity, ultracapacitors, pumped hydro, molten salts (for thermal storage), and compressed gas. One of the most versatile energy storage systems and the best energy carrier for transportation is hydrogen. This talk will review some of the basic renewable energy systems, present possible pathways for the implementation of hydrogen into the energy infrastructure and offer research areas that need to be addressed to increase the viability of these renewable energy technologies.

Turner, John

2002-03-01

121

RENEWABLE ENERGY ACTION TEAM Milestones to Permit California Renewable Portfolio Standard Energy Projects  

E-print Network

1 RENEWABLE ENERGY ACTION TEAM Milestones to Permit California Renewable Portfolio Standard Energy renewable energy resources. In November 2008, the CEC, DFG, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM the Renewable Energy Action Team (REAT) to address permitting issues associated with specific renewable energy

122

76 FR 26695 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...hear briefings on the state of renewable energy finance and to discuss the...

2011-05-09

123

Renewable Energy Glossary of Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT) has created this 22-page glossary of renewable energy terms which was "taken in part from the EPA and the Energy Information Administrations web site, and provides definitions of a number of important terms associated with power generation technologies and their environmental impacts, including definitions of specific pollutants, technologies, and the key terms related to the electric power marketplace." From acid rain to wood pellets, the terms are defined as they relate to renewable energy development and applications.

2010-03-24

124

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Capabilities  

E-print Network

to market viable alternative energy solutions. NREL's world-leading energy decisionNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Capabilities Overview The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's primary laboratory

125

Renewable Energy Opportunity Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Presently, the US EPA is constructing a new complex at Research Triangle Park, North Carolina to consolidate its research operations in the Raleigh-Durham area. The National Computer Center (NCC) is currently in the design process and is planned for construction as partof this complex. Implementation of the new technologies can be planned as part of the normal construction process, and full credit for elimination of the conventional technologies can be taken. Several renewable technologies are specified in the current plans for the buildings. The objective of this study is to identify measures that are likely to be both technically and economically feasible.

Hancock, E.; Mas, C.

1998-11-13

126

Technical and Economic Potentials of Renewable Energy Development in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy consumption of Thailand has been continually increasing whereas the government policy to import those conventional energy seems to be limited. To sustainably overcome this problem, the development of renewable energy projects are important keys. Among them, bio- fuels projects seem to be the most promising one because of abundant reserves available in the domestic. There have been two groups

Watchara Permchart; Somporn Tanatvanit

127

Issues in Renewable Energy Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy education is evolving rapidly in response to drivers such as oil depletion and global warming. There is a rapidly increasing level of student interest in these topics and a growing demand from industry and government for skilled personnel to develop sustainable energy systems and greenhouse solutions. Several Australian and New…

Thomas, Chacko; Jennings, Philip; Lloyd, Bob

2008-01-01

128

Tribal Renewable Energy – Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

DOE\\/CERT Cooperative Agreement has demonstrated that Indian Tribes are ready to undertake the positive steps in developing their internal governmental capacities in program planning and project development as well as the enterprise management capability to undertake the development of their substantial natural base of renewable energy resources and to learn the basic technologies in wind, solar, bio-mass and alternative energy

A. David Lester

2008-01-01

129

Emerging symbiosis: Renewable energy and energy security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the evolution of “energy security” as a concept guiding strategic energy planning and demonstrates how fossil fuel technologies which once enjoyed a symbiotic relationship with energy security no longer contribute to the goals of enhanced energy security. Conversely, renewable energy technologies now fulfill many of the objectives that modern energy security enhancement initiatives aim to achieve. The

Scott Victor Valentine

2011-01-01

130

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM QUARTERLY REPORT TO THE  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM QUARTERLY REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE January #12;1 California Energy Commission's Quarterly Report Regarding the Renewable Energy Program (January to the Legislature on the Renewable Energy Program, covering the period January 1 to March 31, 2002. The Energy

131

Analysis and Optimization of Building Energy Consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy is one of the most important resources required by modern human society. In 2010, energy expenditures represented 10% of global gross domestic product (GDP). By 2035, global energy consumption is expected to increase by more than 50% from current levels. The increased pace of global energy consumption leads to significant environmental and socioeconomic issues: (i) carbon emissions, from the burning of fossil fuels for energy, contribute to global warming, and (ii) increased energy expenditures lead to reduced standard of living. Efficient use of energy, through energy conservation measures, is an important step toward mitigating these effects. Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime target for energy conservation, comprising 21% of global energy consumption and 40% of the total energy consumption in the United States. This thesis describes techniques for the analysis and optimization of building energy consumption. The thesis focuses on building retrofits and building energy simulation as key areas in building energy optimization and analysis. The thesis first discusses and evaluates building-level renewable energy generation as a solution toward building energy optimization. The thesis next describes a novel heating system, called localized heating. Under localized heating, building occupants are heated individually by directed radiant heaters, resulting in a considerably reduced heated space and significant heating energy savings. To support localized heating, a minimally-intrusive indoor occupant positioning system is described. The thesis then discusses occupant-level sensing (OLS) as the next frontier in building energy optimization. OLS captures the exact environmental conditions faced by each building occupant, using sensors that are carried by all building occupants. The information provided by OLS enables fine-grained optimization for unprecedented levels of energy efficiency and occupant comfort. The thesis also describes a retrofit-oriented building energy simulator, ROBESim, that natively supports building retrofits. ROBESim extends existing building energy simulators by providing a platform for the analysis of novel retrofits, in addition to simulating existing retrofits. Using ROBESim, retrofits can be automatically applied to buildings, obviating the need for users to manually update building characteristics for comparisons between different building retrofits. ROBESim also includes several ease-of-use enhancements to support users of all experience levels.

Chuah, Jun Wei

132

Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy Alfred Greiner Lars-renewable and renewable energy. To produce renewable energy a capital stock must be built up. We study when a transition to renewable energy can take place and whether it takes place before non-renewable energy is exhausted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

Guidebook to renewable energy technologies. Community renewable energy guidebook series  

Microsoft Academic Search

This guidebook presents an overview of 23 renewable energy technologies and concepts. This overview is primarily meant to demystify these technologies for individuals without engineering or scientific backgrounds. This guidebook should also convey to the reader the state of the art of these technologies and the promise and merit of their use. The technologies are regionally diverse and can be

B. Green; B. Glenn; A. Pinkerton; J. Ohi

1981-01-01

134

The potential of renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

On June 27 and 28, 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories were convened to discuss plans for the development of a National Energy Strategy (NES) and, in particular, the analytic needs in support of NES that could be addressed by the laboratories. As a result of that meeting, interlaboratory teams were formed to produce analytic white papers on key topics, and a lead laboratory was designated for each core laboratory team. The broad-ranging renewables assignment is summarized by the following issue statement from the Office of Policy, Planning and Analysis: to what extent can renewable energy technologies contribute to diversifying sources of energy supply What are the major barriers to greater renewable energy use and what is the potential timing of widespread commercialization for various categories of applications This report presents the results of the intensive activity initiated by the June 1989 meeting to produce a white paper on renewable energy. Scores of scientists, analysts, and engineers in the five core laboratories gave generously of their time over the past eight months to produce this document. Their generous, constructive efforts are hereby gratefully acknowledged. 126 refs., 44 figs., 32 tabs.

Not Available

1990-03-01

135

RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUPS COVET FUSION'S BUDGET  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUPS COVET FUSION'S BUDGET A group called the Energy Efficiency Education-effective and environmentally sound energy- efficiency and renewable energy programs." Rep. Philip R. Sharp (D-IN) and chair the resolution, H. Con. Res. 188). Sharp said "For too long, cost-effectiveefficiencyand renewable energy

136

Renewable energy strategies for sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the perspective of renewable energy (wind, solar, wave and biomass) in the making of strategies for a sustainable development. Such strategies typically involve three major technological changes: energy savings on the demand side, efficiency improvements in the energy production, and replacement of fossil fuels by various sources of renewable energy. Consequently, large-scale renewable energy implementation plans must

Henrik Lund

2007-01-01

137

Renewable energy: Environment and development  

SciTech Connect

This hardcover is authored by India's secretary in the Ministry of Energy's Department of Non-Conventional Energy Sources. Part 1 deals with bio-energy, starting with a general presentation of energy from biomass and subsequently focusing on India's biogas technology program. Part 2 contains an exposition of direct uses of solar power and the related program in India. Finally, Part 3 elaborates on other forms of renewable energy technologies, such as wind, ocean, and geothermal energy. Generally, the presentation of each technology follows a more or less standard mode, containing a technical section, some form of financial analysis, and R D efforts in India. The material in this publication updates the already rich Indian literature and nicely complements a recent report released by the International Energy Agency covering the topic of renewable energy technologies. Given its content alone, however, the book would have been better represented by a slightly different title such as Renewable Energy Technologies and Programs in India. The author provides no explicit linkage to the literature on the modern topic of [open quotes]environment and development[close quotes] to warrant its inclusion in the title. That topic has recently captured the attention of both researchers and policy makers into identifying, unfolding, and adopting the idea of sustainable development.

Dayal, M.

1989-01-01

138

Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems  

E-print Network

Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

Dumitru Cristian; Gligor Adrian

2010-02-23

139

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education in rural communities is an important priority, in many cases, electricity is not available to support rural educational activities. Renewable energy systems present a reasonable solution to support activities such as lighting, computers, telecommunications, and distance learning. There are certain factors and criteria that need…

Jimenez, Antonio C.; Lawand, Tom

140

RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of July 12, 2002 (project inception) to September 30, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and discussions that were conducted to identify and analyze potential renewable energy technologies and verify its feasibility and suitability for the project. The report covers the two-day Energy Charrette that was held at the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) Headquarters Building on May 8-9, 2002 to brainstorm, evaluate and present all available renewable energy options along with their implementations. Although the Energy Charrette was held prior to awarding of the DOE Grant, the outcome of the Charrette forms the basis of the activities that took place after July 12, 2002. Therefore, the Energy Charrette is frequently referenced and discussed in this report. The report also discusses the Energy Meeting that took place on September 24, 2002 between IEUA and CH2M Hill to follow up on the various presentations and recommendations resulting from the Energy Charrette. It should be noted that no final equipment data or capacities have been presented in the report, as the Conceptual Design has not started yet. This report covers continuing effort and work to complete the Request for Proposal (RFP) for this project. The Executive Summary Section covers more details on the scope of work, which consists of the conceptual, preliminary and final design, and what has been accomplished during the report period. Tools and methods utilized in this project to identify renewable energy technologies are included in the ''Experimental'' Section. Finally, Project achievements, implications and importance in improving this kind of technology are summarized in the ''Conclusion'' Section.

Neil Clifton, P.E.; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi, P.E.

2002-10-30

141

Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable energy provided only three percent of US utility power purchases overall in 1995, and the average purchase price of electricity from non-utilities using renewable energy was 31 percent higher than the average retail price, according the US EIA's latest Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends. The EIA presents additional data on renewable electricity purchases, transmission pricing issues for electricity, wood energy, and wind energy, among other topics, in this 90-page release.

142

Renewable energy: Sources for fuels and electricity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book assesses the technical and economic prospects for making fuels and electricity from renewable energy sources. Twenty-three chapters discuss the following renewable technologies: hydropower; wind energy; solar thermal electric technology; photovoltaic technology (6 chapters); ocean energy systems; geothermal energy; biomass conversion technology (8 chapters); solar hydrogen; and utility strategies for using renewables. All chapters have been processed for inclusion

T. B. Johansson; H. Kelly; A. K. N. Reddy; R. H. Williams

1993-01-01

143

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Experts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate various renewable energy sources and the feasibility of implementing these sources. Working in small groups, students use data from the Renewable Energy Living Lab to describe and understand the way the world works. The data is obtained through observation and experimentation. Using the living lab gives students and teachers the opportunity to practice analyzing data to solve problems or answer questions, in much the same way that scientists and engineers do every day.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

144

Renewable energy delivery systems and methods  

DOEpatents

A system, method and/or apparatus for the delivery of energy at a site, at least a portion of the energy being delivered by at least one or more of a plurality of renewable energy technologies, the system and method including calculating the load required by the site for the period; calculating the amount of renewable energy for the period, including obtaining a capacity and a percentage of the period for the renewable energy to be delivered; comparing the total load to the renewable energy available; and, implementing one or both of additional and alternative renewable energy sources for delivery of energy to the site.

Walker, Howard Andrew

2013-12-10

145

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

146

Renewable Energy: Hydropower  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to the use of flowing or falling water (hydropower) to perform work, particularly electric power generation. Topics include the history of hydropower development, the invention of turbines and electric generators, and the history of hydroelectric power development in the United States. There is also discussion of the environmental issues associated with the construction of large dams and flooding large tracts of land, as well as some of the physics involved in the transfer of energy from moving water to a mechanical device such as a turbine. The lesson includes an activity in which students use a model turbine and generator and vary the height from which water flows into them to examine how energy output and efficiency varies.

John Pratte

147

Environmental Justice in the Renewable Energy Transition  

E-print Network

This article considers environmental justice in the specific context of renewable energy goals. As a key component of sustainable development and a central concern for green economy advocates, renewable energy is uniquely situated on the policy...

Outka, Uma

2013-01-01

148

Photon Science for Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

Our current fossil-fuel-based system is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources of energy requires us to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels. Light-source facilities - the synchrotrons of today and the next-generation light sources of tomorrow - are the scientific tools of choice for exploring the electronic and atomic structure of matter. As such, these photon-science facilities are uniquely positioned to jump-start a global revolution in renewable and carbonneutral energy technologies. In these pages, we outline and illustrate through examples from our nation's light sources possible scientific directions for addressing these profound yet urgent challenges.

Hussain, Zahid; Tamura, Lori; Padmore, Howard; Schoenlein, Bob; Bailey, Sue

2010-03-31

149

Renewable Energy in Fitness Centers  

SciTech Connect

All military installations have goals for implementing renewable energy projects, but not all have abundant solar energy or have massive feedstock for a large biomass plant. They must build up their renewable portfolio one project at it a time where they make the most sense – most of the time through small projects on specific buildings. During the last few years, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) provided project support to Army Installation Management Command Southeast Region (IMCOM-Southeast) installations. One of the building types visited, the physical fitness center (PFC), almost always yield project ideas. The building lends itself to a number of different technologies, and the high traffic nature is the perfect place to craft an educational message for users and demonstrate an installation’s commitment to sustainable energy development.

Chvala, William D.

2009-09-30

150

Design and Implementation of Renewable Energy and Building Integrated Data Analysis Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, energy and environment issues are becoming more and more serious. As a country like China with largest architectural area in the world, it is especially significant to develop renewable energy in replacing conventional energy and practicing building energy consumption. Nowadays, the renewable energy software cannot analyze data for monitoring and forecasting. Thus, based on Visual studio .NET,

Peng Chen; Jie Liu; Chongchong Yu; Li Tan

2010-01-01

151

Modelling Energy Consumption in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy consumption in China has attracted conside rable research interest since the middle 1990s. This is largely prompted by the environment al ramifications of the extensive use of fossil fue ls in the country to propel two decades of high economic growth. Since the late 1980s, there has been an increasing awareness on the part of the Chinese gov ernment

Baiding Hu

152

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future 2008 SUSTAINABILITY REPORT and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. #12;1 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the only federal laboratory dedicated

153

Renewable Energy: Wind  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to the uses of wind energy. Topics include a history of wind usage (grinding grain, pumping water, transportation), including the development of wind power in the United States and its more recent adaptations for producing electricity. There is also discussion of the physics behind the operation of a windmill and what drives the wind patterns in Earth's atmosphere. The lesson includes an activity in which students use online resources to study the relationship between barometric pressure and wind speed and direction. They will collect data on barometric pressure, wind speed, and wind direction for several days, map it, and look for relationships between wind speed and direction and the isobaric lines on the map.

Pratte, John

154

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Final Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

155

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

156

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share  

E-print Network

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report Prepared for: Beijing International Renewable Energy Conference 2005 Prepared by: The Expert Group on Renewable Energy Convened by The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs December 12, 2005

Peinke, Joachim

157

Modeling of hybrid renewable energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) are becoming popular for remote area power generation applications due to advances in renewable energy technologies and subsequent rise in prices of petroleum products. Economic aspects of these technologies are sufficiently promising to include them in developing power generation capacity for developing countries. Research and development efforts in solar, wind, and other renewable energy technologies

M. K. Deshmukh; S. S. Deshmukh

2008-01-01

158

RENEWABLE ENERGY Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) May 26, 2014 to August 1, 2014, and characterize renewable energy materials, as well as perform non-destructive, in-situ microscopy under a range for Advanced Bioimaging and Control 7. Multifunctional Microscope for Characterization of Renewable Energy

159

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Staff Draft Guidebook Third Edition COMMISSION Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Valerie Hall Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive Director The California

160

Model and Control of Renewable Energy Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a developed method for controlling multi-renewable energy generators. The control system depends basically on three sensors (wind anemometer, solar sensor, and voltage sensor). These sensors represent PLC's analogue inputs. Controlling the output voltage supply can be achieved by an enhanced method of interlocking between the renewable energy generators, depending on those sensors and output contactors. Keywords—Renewable, energy,

Yelena Chaiko

2008-01-01

161

Renewable energy atlas of the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) and other federal land management agencies to evaluate existing and proposed renewable energy projects. Much of the content of the

J. A. Kuiper; Hlava; H. K. Greenwood; A. Carr

2012-01-01

162

Stochastic resource auctions for renewable energy integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the many challenges of integrating renewable energy sources into the the existing grid, is the challenge of integrating renewable energy generators into the power systems economy. Electric markets currently are run in a way that participating generators must supply contracted amounts. And yet, renewable energy generators such as wind power generators cannot supply contracted amounts with certainty. Thus, alternative

Wenyuan Tang; Rahul Jain

2011-01-01

163

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site serves as a gateway to energy efficiency and renewable energy information. With over 600 links and access to 80,000 documents, the site is fairly comprehensive. The bulk of the content is accessed via the Technologies section, which is browseable by topic. each topic page offers links to related sites and numerous subtopic pages, which in turn link to numerous full-text articles located off-site. Also included on the main page are more links, some specialized resources (Ask an Expert, Financing, News, etc.), and information on DOE public meetings and renewable energy programs.

Energy., United S.

164

Making use of renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

This book describes renewable energy projects proposed for the rural areas of developing countries. Topics considered include biogas generation in Zimbabwe, biogas technology for water pumping in Botswana, soil fertility and energy problems in rural development in the Zaire rain forest, international scientific collaboration on biogas technologies for rural development, alcohol from biomass, an ethanol project in Zimbabwe, biomass alcohol and the fuel-food issue, solar water heating in Zimbabwe, absorbent box solar cookers, solar crop drying in Zimbabwe, the use of passive solar energy in Botswana buildings, the potential of mini hydro systems, woodfuel as a potential renewable energy source, small-scale afforestation for domestic needs in the communal lands of Zimbabwe, muscle power, the use of human energy in construction, hand-operated water pumps, animal power for water pumping in Botswana, the production of charcoal in Zambia, improving the efficiency of a traditional charcoal-burning Burmese cooking stove, social impacts, non-engineering constraints affecting energy use in a rural area, women and energy, and non-technical factors influencing the establishment of fuels-from-crops industries in developing countries.

Johnston, J.C.

1984-01-01

165

Maximising Renewable Energy Integration within Electrical Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The worldwide capacity of renewable energy generation is set to increase significantly. With the resource dictating that much of this new plant connect to distribution networks a range of technical and economic issues arise. This paper briefly reviews the technical problems associated with the connection of renewable energy at distribution-level and the means of integrating renewables available at present and

Gareth P Harrison; A Robin Wallace

166

Current Renewable Energy Technologies and Future Projections  

SciTech Connect

The generally acknowledged sources of renewable energy are wind, geothermal, biomass, solar, hydropower, and hydrogen. Renewable energy technologies are crucial to the production and utilization of energy from these regenerative and virtually inexhaustible sources. Furthermore, renewable energy technologies provide benefits beyond the establishment of sustainable energy resources. For example, these technologies produce negligible amounts of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in providing energy, and they exploit domestically available energy sources, thereby reducing our dependence on both the importation of fossil fuels and the use of nuclear fuels. The market price of renewable energy technologies does not reflect the economic value of these added benefits.

Allison, Stephen W [ORNL; Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Ward, Christina D [ORNL; Smith, Barton [ORNL; Grubb, Kimberly R [ORNL; Lee, Russell [ORNL

2007-05-01

167

RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This is the second quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of October 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and discussions that were conducted in order to follow up on potential renewable energy technologies that were identified in the previous report; the technologies were analyzed for their feasibility, suitability and cost effectiveness for this project. This report covers the one-day conceptual design kickoff meeting that took place on November 4, 2002. The meeting was held to discuss the practicality and implementation of potential innovative technologies. Following the kickoff meeting, Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) and CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, held a meeting on December 2, 2002 to discuss the Conceptual Design Report outline and contents in order to clearly present each selected technology along with its evaluation, cost effectiveness and justification. A conference call also took place between the PIER Consultant and IEUA on December 13, 2002, to discuss the overall scope of work for this project. Major project activities in this period include expanded discussions on previous Energy Charrette decisions and recommendations, conceptual design kickoff meeting, conceptual design report, and deciding on the overall project scope of work.

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2003-01-30

168

Energy consumption in thermomechanical pulping  

SciTech Connect

Various components of refining energy were determined experimentally and compared with those calculated on the basis of the dimensions of morphological elements of wood. The experimentally determined fiberization energy of spruce was 6 to 60 times larger than the calculated value and that of birch 3 to 15 times larger. The energy consumed in reducing the Canadian standard freeness of isolated fibers from 500 to 150 ml was found to be approximately 1/3 of the total fiber development energy for both spruce and birch TMP. Chip size affected the refining energy consumption; the total energy dropped by approximately 30% when chip size was reduced from 16 mm to 3 mm in the case of spruce and approximately 40% for birch. 6 refs.

Marton, R.; Tsujimoto, N.; Eskelinen, E.

1981-08-01

169

State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

Not Available

1994-05-01

170

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS  

SciTech Connect

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The 'grand challenge' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source. Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.

Nathan Lewis

2010-02-26

171

Renewable Energy Projects for the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 72 page pdf from Illinois Valley Community College contains a variety of activities related to renewable energy. They were "developed by middle school through community college teachers enrolled in a course entitled Introduction to Renewable Energy Topics for Teachers." Activity levels range from middle school to community college and include Introduction to Renewable Energy, Alternative Fuel Lesson: Driver Education, and Sustainable Energy Planning.  

2014-07-10

172

Tribal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

Not Available

2010-09-01

173

Review of augmentation of energy needs using renewable energy sources in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable and equitable development is the most important challenge before mankind. After food, most pressing concern is energy for a decent living. The energy consumption has been recognized world wide as a parameter of development in a society. In the present paper an attempt has been made to review the demand of energy, the potential of renewable energy sources in

Varun; S. K. Singal

2007-01-01

174

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This U.S. Department of Energy site provides access to more than 600 links and 80,000 documents about renewable energy and energy efficient technologies, including such topics as: bioenergy, hydrogen, power from the oceans, and wind, solar, geothermal, and hydroenergy. Specialized resources include a collection of links to educational and training resources on energy, and a weekly newsletter covering news and events, new sites on EREN, and energy facts and tips. A consumer section offers advice on energy conservation and home weatherization.

2002-03-04

175

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

176

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

177

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

178

Renewable Energy. The Power to Choose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, consisting of 13 chapters, charts the progress made in renewable energy in recent years and outlines renewable energy's prospects. Areas addressed include: energy at the crossroads (discussing oil, gas, coal, nuclear power, and the conservation revolution); solar building design; solar collection; sunlight to electricity; wood; energy

Deudney, Daniel; Flavin, Christopher

179

Renewable Energy Sources and Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of renewable energy sources in meeting the energy needs of developing countries is examined in the context of the burgeoning fuel prices and the associated geopolitical realities and economic burdens. The acute energy needs and the unavailability of commercial fuels in the rural areas offer a rewarding opportunity for the utilization of locally available renewable energy sources. Small-scale

R. Ramakumar

1983-01-01

180

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance two-way power flow with communication and control. Renewable Energy Grid Integration As the market

181

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance a given location for the best technology, or a renewable energy technology for the best location, accurate

182

Track 2: Sustainable Energy I. Renewable Energy: Wind and Wave  

E-print Network

1 Track 2: Sustainable Energy I. Renewable Energy: Wind and Wave II. Renewable Energy: Solar III. Biomass: Waste to Fuel IV. Biomass Energy Recovery Optimization 1. Renewable Energy Wind & Wave: Speakers, operates in shallow water, has no visual impact, and does not threaten wildlife.!!!! Wave Energy Proving

183

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

, & Building Systems Integration #12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, ColoradoNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance

184

Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption  

E-print Network

Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption Eric Niemeyer, Operations Superintendent Drilling Specialties Company A division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity..., LA. May 20-23, 2014 Conroe, TX Facility ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Drilling Specialties DSCo is a division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP (CPChem...

Niemeyer, E.

2014-01-01

185

World Renewable Energy Congress 2011 Sweden Climate Change Issues (CC) 8-11 May 2011, Linkping, Sweden  

E-print Network

World Renewable Energy Congress 2011 ­ Sweden Climate Change Issues (CC) 8-11 May 2011, Linköping (expressed in CO2 equivalent) and non-renewable energy consumption are considered here as key LCA outputs. hal-00668172,version1-9Feb2012 Author manuscript, published in "World Renewable Energy Congress

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Renewable Energy Atlas of the West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed as a resource for policy makers, advocates, landowners, developers and others interested in furthering the production of electricity from renewable wind, solar, geothermal and biomass energy resources.

2007-11-07

187

International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

: Balancing Convection and Radiant Cooling," investigates the energy saving implications of building systemsInternational Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability I-CARES 20 09 #12;I-CARES: International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability Washington University in St. Louis Campus

Subramanian, Venkat

188

Renewable energy: Economic and environmental issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the potential of various renewable or solar energy technologies to supply the United States with its future energy needs. Diverse renewable technologies are assessed in terms of their land requirements, environmental benefits and risks, economic costs, and a comparison of their advantages. In addition a projection of the amount of energy that could be supplied by solar

David Pimentel; G. Rodrigues; T. Wang; R. Abrams; K. Goldberg; H. Staecker; E. Ma; L. Brueckner; L. Trovato; C. Chow; U. Govindarajulu; S. Boerke

1994-01-01

189

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Power Your School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to calculate the potential for solar and wind energy generation at their school location. After examining maps and analyzing data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab, they write recommendations as to the optimal form of renewable energy the school should pursue.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

190

Engineering economics of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This text presents a picture for the engineering and economic aspects of renewable energy sources. The economic analysis of each type of renewable energy source covered in this volume is prefaced by an introduction of its basic structural and operational components, as well as its fuel characteristics. The subject matter discussed includes the conventional fuel-cell energy system, storage battery system,

Denno

1990-01-01

191

Exergy analysis of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oil crises in the past years made more obvious the dependency of economies on fossil fuels. As a consequence, the need for new energy sources became more urgent. Renewable energy sources could provide a solution to the problem, as they are inexhaustible and have less adverse impacts on the environment than fossil fuels. Yet, renewable energy sources technology has not

Christopher Koroneos; Thomas Spachos; Nikolaos Moussiopoulos

2003-01-01

192

Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993  

SciTech Connect

This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

NONE

1995-10-05

193

75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has experienced...

2010-05-28

194

Electricity for Millions: Developing Renewable Energy in China (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This two page fact sheet describes NREL's work developing renewable energy in China. Renewable focus areas include rural energy development, wind energy development, geothermal energy development, renewable energy business development and policy and planning.

Not Available

2006-04-01

195

Ris Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions  

E-print Network

Risø Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook, are now gradually expanding their role in global energy supply. In 2004, renewable energy from all sources European Commission communication on support for electricity from renewable energy sources [3] says

196

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY IN INDONESIA: CDM FUNDING ALTERNATIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy has advantage than non-renewable energy, i.e. environmentally friendly that has low pollutant emission and support sustainable development. Nevertheless, renewable energy development in Indonesia was not growing fast. Besides renewable energy development has a high investment cost, renewable energy reserve is also not so big comparing with non-renewable energy reserve. Recently, renewable energy utilization in Indonesia (hydropower and geothermal

Agus Sugiyono

197

Renewable Electricity Standards, Energy Efficiency, and Cost-Effective Climate-Change Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to define an energy efficiency standard carefully. If energy efficiency is defined relative to a baseline level of consumption, it is critical that the baseline be permitted to grow at an appropriate rate over time. Otherwise, the requirements to use renewable generation will be less flexible than under a pure renewable electricity requirement.

Thomas M. Lenard

2009-01-01

198

Potential of renewable energy systems in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with high-speed economic development and increasing energy consumption, the Chinese Government faces a growing pressure to maintain the balance between energy supply and demand. In 2009, China has become both the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitting country in the world. In this case, the inappropriate energy consumption structure should be changed. As an alternative, a suitable infrastructure for

Wen Liu; Henrik Lund; Brian Vad Mathiesen; Xiliang Zhang

2011-01-01

199

Demand side management as a solution for the balancing problem of distributed generation with high penetration of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

A future sustainable electricity supply will be characterised by distributed electricity generation structure and will be based on the integration and use of renewable energy sources. Since many renewable energy sources like wind energy and solar energy are intermittent or vary in intensity throughout the day, the balancing problem between energy supply and energy consumption will increase.With an increased penetration

Ingo Stadler; Aleksandra Sasa

2003-01-01

200

Supplying Renewable Energy to Deferrable Loads: Algorithms and Economic Analysis  

E-print Network

Supplying Renewable Energy to Deferrable Loads: Algorithms and Economic Analysis Anthony now requires that the state cover 33% of its electricity demand from renewable energy sources consumer of energy globally, to utilize renewable energy at an unprecedented scale. Integrating large

Oren, Shmuel S.

201

Renewable energy 1998: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the following five papers: Renewable electricity purchases: History and recent developments; Transmission pricing issues for electricity generation from renewable resources; Analysis of geothermal heat pump manufacturers survey data; A view of the forest products industry from a wood energy perspective; and Wind energy developments: Incentives in selected countries. A glossary is included. 19 figs., 27 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

202

Valuing the attributes of renewable energy investments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing the proportion of power derived from renewable energy sources is becoming an increasingly important part of many countries's strategies to achieve reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. However, renewable energy investments can often have external costs and benefits, which need to be taken into account if socially optimal investments are to be made. This paper attempts to estimate the magnitude

Ariel Bergmann; Nick Hanley; Robert Wright

2006-01-01

203

Renewable energy and sustainable development in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solutions to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. So clean, domestic and renewable energy is commonly accepted as the key for future life for Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use

Kamil Kaygusuz; Abdullah Kaygusuz

2002-01-01

204

Urban form and renewable energy potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban form, i.e., the layout, density, shape and orientation of buildings within the street grid of a city, affects greatly the potential of using renewable energy sources such as sun and wind for electricity production and climatisation of buildings. This paper outlines the framework of the European research Project PRECis (assessing the Potential for Renewable Energy in Cities) and, in

M. Grosso

1998-01-01

205

Managing the Cost, Energy Consumption, and Carbon Footprint of Internet Services  

E-print Network

Managing the Cost, Energy Consumption, and Carbon Footprint of Internet Services Kien Le , Ozlem consumptions translate into large carbon footprints, since most of the electricity produced in the US (and to manage their usage of "brown energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable

Bianchini, Ricardo

206

Actes JFPC 2012 Optimal Allocation of Renewable Energy Parks  

E-print Network

Actes JFPC 2012 Optimal Allocation of Renewable Energy Parks: A Two-stage Optimization Model-economical study of renewable energy on the other hand, investigates gradual implantation of Renewable Energy (RE, and reliability of renewable energy sys- tems [2]. Clearly electricity from renewable energy re- mains generally

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

207

Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides an overview of the Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (IREEED) developed in collaboration by the United States Department of Energy and India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. IREEED provides succinct summaries of India's central and state government policies and incentives related to renewable energy and energy efficiency. The online, public database was developed under the U.S.- India Energy Dialogue and the Clean Energy Solution Center.

Bushe, S.

2013-09-01

208

Renewable Energy - Growing Opportunities in our Backyard  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Economic growth requires energy. Historically the United States has met this demand for energy by utilizing nonrenewable fossil fuels. Economic and environmental concerns at local, regional, and international levels are shifting attention to cleaner alternatives which are sustainable and renewable...

209

Energy consumption metrics of MIT buildings  

E-print Network

With world energy demand on the rise and greenhouse gas levels breaking new records each year, lowering energy consumption and improving energy efficiency has become vital. MIT, in a mission to help improve the global ...

Schmidt, Justin David

2010-01-01

210

State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

Not Available

1993-05-01

211

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Hood based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewables Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

Chvala, William D.; Warwick, William M.; Dixon, Douglas R.; Solana, Amy E.; Weimar, Mark R.; States, Jennifer C.; Reilly, Raymond W.

2008-06-30

212

Solar energy and urban morphology: Scenarios for increasing the renewable energy potential of neighbourhoods in London  

E-print Network

the consumption and the generation of resources need to be assessed. In terms of urban environmental sustainability, the potential to generate renewable energy within the city boundaries is a research topic of growing interest, being solar energy one of the main...

Sarralde, Juan José; Quinn, David James; Wiesmann, Daniel; Steemers, Koen

2014-07-07

213

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Antonia V. Herzog  

E-print Network

, Geothermal Energy, Hydropower, Wind Energy, Climate Change, Clean Energy Technologies, Learning Curve, Market Impacts 5.5. Conclusions 6. Geothermal Energy 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Capacity and Potential 61 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Antonia V. Herzog Timothy E. Lipman Daniel M. Kammen Energy

Kammen, Daniel M.

214

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive;January 16, 2007 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

215

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2012-07-01

216

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive. Ellis February 28, 2008 #12;February 28, 2008 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

217

76 FR 23198 - Segregation of Lands-Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1004-AE19 Segregation of Lands--Renewable Energy AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...information relating to the BLM's renewable energy program or the substance of...facilitate the development of renewable energy resources. Promoting...

2011-04-26

218

77 FR 53233 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...related services, and a second on renewable energy and related services, and...

2012-08-31

219

78 FR 25204 - Segregation of Lands-Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1004-AE19 Segregation of Lands--Renewable Energy AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...information relating to the BLM's renewable energy program or the substance of...area of a pending solar or wind renewable energy generation project, or...

2013-04-30

220

76 FR 23230 - Segregation of Lands-Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1004-AE19 Segregation of Lands--Renewable Energy AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...information relating to the BLM's renewable energy program or the substance of...facilitate the development of renewable energy resources. Promoting...

2011-04-26

221

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2014-07-01

222

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2010-07-01

223

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2013-07-01

224

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2011-07-01

225

Global Renewable Energy-Based Electricity Generation and Smart Grid System for Energy Security  

PubMed Central

Energy is an indispensable factor for the economic growth and development of a country. Energy consumption is rapidly increasing worldwide. To fulfill this energy demand, alternative energy sources and efficient utilization are being explored. Various sources of renewable energy and their efficient utilization are comprehensively reviewed and presented in this paper. Also the trend in research and development for the technological advancement of energy utilization and smart grid system for future energy security is presented. Results show that renewable energy resources are becoming more prevalent as more electricity generation becomes necessary and could provide half of the total energy demands by 2050. To satisfy the future energy demand, the smart grid system can be used as an efficient system for energy security. The smart grid also delivers significant environmental benefits by conservation and renewable generation integration. PMID:25243201

Islam, M. A.; Hasanuzzaman, M.; Rahim, N. A.; Nahar, A.; Hosenuzzaman, M.

2014-01-01

226

Global renewable energy-based electricity generation and smart grid system for energy security.  

PubMed

Energy is an indispensable factor for the economic growth and development of a country. Energy consumption is rapidly increasing worldwide. To fulfill this energy demand, alternative energy sources and efficient utilization are being explored. Various sources of renewable energy and their efficient utilization are comprehensively reviewed and presented in this paper. Also the trend in research and development for the technological advancement of energy utilization and smart grid system for future energy security is presented. Results show that renewable energy resources are becoming more prevalent as more electricity generation becomes necessary and could provide half of the total energy demands by 2050. To satisfy the future energy demand, the smart grid system can be used as an efficient system for energy security. The smart grid also delivers significant environmental benefits by conservation and renewable generation integration. PMID:25243201

Islam, M A; Hasanuzzaman, M; Rahim, N A; Nahar, A; Hosenuzzaman, M

2014-01-01

227

Emerging Markets for Renewable Energy Certificates  

E-print Network

Research Institute · Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 #12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 · Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 January 2005 · NREL/TP-620-37388 Emerging Markets for Renewable

228

Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency  

ScienceCinema

In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

Arvizu, Dan

2013-05-29

229

State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01

230

Renewable energy for sustainable agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agriculture is the sole provider of human food. Most farm machines are driven by fossil fuels, which contribute to greenhouse\\u000a gas emissions and, in turn, accelerate climate change. Such environmental damage can be mitigated by the promotion of renewable\\u000a resources such as solar, wind, biomass, tidal, geo-thermal, small-scale hydro, biofuels and wave-generated power. These renewable\\u000a resources have a huge potential

A. Chel; G. Kaushik

2011-01-01

231

International Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of international voluntary renewable energy markets, with a focus on the United States and Europe. The voluntary renewable energy market is the market in which consumers and institutions purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs on a voluntary basis. In 2010, the U.S. voluntary market was estimated at 35 terawatt-hours (TWh) compared to 300 TWh in the European market, though key differences exist. On a customer basis, Australia has historically had the largest number of customers, pricing for voluntary certificates remains low, at less than $1 megawatt-hour, though prices depend on technology.

Heeter, J.

2012-06-01

232

UK Renewable Energy Policy Since Privatisation  

E-print Network

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EP RG W OR KI NG P AP ER Abstract UK Renewable Energy Policy since Privatisation EPRG Working Paper 1002 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1007 Michael G. Pollitt The aim of this paper is to look... at the UK’s renewable energy policy in the context of its overall decarbonisation and energy policies. This will allow us to explore the precise nature of the ‘failure’ of UK renewables policy and to suggest policy changes which might be appropriate...

Pollitt, Michael G.

233

Capping the Brown Energy Consumption of Internet Services at Low Cost  

E-print Network

as a marketing tool, businesses may also use caps to predict their expenditures with neutrality and/or green energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable or "green" energy. This paper their brown energy consumption and lever- age green energy, while respecting their SLAs and minimizing energy

234

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

and provides an easy way to see the energy and cost impacts of alternative approaches to NZEHs. We have alsoNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance

235

The role of renewable energy in energy management and conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is a crucial issue for sustainable developments. Conventional energy sources will remain the main supply of energy for the world. The importance of renewable energy sources and their current advances are discussed with a special emphasis on energy conservation policy. The paper will focus briefly on various techniques of integrated renewable with existing energy systems. It is concluded that

U. A. Elani; S. H. Alawaji; S. M. Hasnain

1996-01-01

236

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: New Pubs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory offers a New Publications page that contains five recently published reports freely available to view or download. The documents include: NREL Institutional Plan, 2001-2005; Photovoltaic Energy Program Overview, Fiscal Year 2000; Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future: Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean-Energy Technologies; Renewable Energy for Rural Schools; and Alternative Fuel Transit Buses: DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Final Results. The main page contains descriptions of each publication and the link to view each complete Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file.

2002-01-01

237

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Fuel Standards  

SciTech Connect

The State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project is supported by the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program within the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This project seeks to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states. The goal is to assist states in determining which clean energy policies or policy portfolios will best accomplish their environmental, economic, and security goals. For example, renewable fuel standards (RFS) policies are a mechanism for developing a market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. This flexible market-based policy, when properly executed, can correct for market failures and promote growth of the renewable fuels industry better than a more command-oriented approach. The policy attempts to correct market failures such as embedded fossil fuel infrastructure and culture, risk associated with developing renewable fuels, consumer information gaps, and lack of quantification of the non-economic costs and benefits of both renewable and fossil-based fuels. This report focuses on renewable fuel standards policies, which are being analyzed as part of this project.

Mosey, G.; Kreycik, C.

2008-07-01

238

Selecting Sites for Renewable Energy Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use Google Earth to investigate a variety of renewable energy sources and select sites within the United States that would be appropriate for projects based on those sources.

Glenn A. Richard

239

Modeling Renewable Energy Readiness: The UAE Context  

E-print Network

Modeling technology policy is becoming an increasingly important capability to steer states and societies toward sustainability. This paper presents a simulation-modeling approach to evaluate renewable energy readiness, ...

Choucri, Nazli

240

Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water  

E-print Network

Solar and wind power can be economical and environmentally friendly ways to pump water for homes, irrigation and/or livestock water wells. This publication explains how these pumps work, the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable energy...

Mecke, Michael; Enciso, Juan

2007-06-08

241

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Office of building Technologies (OBT) pursues advanced energy efficiency and renewable technologies and accelerates the rate of adoption of these technologies in the residential and commercial sectors through research, development, and demonstration.

Not Available

1991-05-01

242

Nevada Renewable Energy Projects June 10, 2009  

E-print Network

Nevada Renewable Energy Projects June 10, 2009 WASHOE ELKO HUMBOLDT EUREKA LANDER PERSHING Winnemucca Reno Carson City Tonopah Ely Las Vegas Pahrump Project Type and Dispostion Solar Energy ROW, Pending Wind Testing ROW, Authorized Wind Energy ROW, Pending Geothermal Energy Leases, Authorized

Laughlin, Robert B.

243

Central Asian countries energy system and role of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status, problems, and development prospects of the fuel and energy complex of the Central Asian Region (CAR) countries\\u000a are examined. In particular, data are presented on the CAR energy system resource base, and production and consumption of\\u000a the fuel and energy resources in the CAR countries are analyzed. Special attention is devoted to the use of renewable energy\\u000a sources.

R. A. Zakhidov

2008-01-01

244

An Economic Evaluation Framework for Assessing Renewable Energy Projects  

SciTech Connect

It is becoming increasingly imperative to integrate renewable energy, such as solar and wind, into electricity generation due to increased regulations on air and water pollution and a sociopolitical desire to develop more clean energy sources. This increased spotlight on renewable energy requires evaluating competing projects using either conventional economic analysis techniques or other economics-based models and approaches in order to select a subset of the projects to be funded. Even then, there are reasons to suspect that techniques applied to renewable energy projects may result in decisions that will reject viable projects due to the use of a limited number of quantifiable and tangible attributes about the projects. This paper presents a framework for economic evaluation of renewable energy projects. The framework is based on a systems approach in which the processes within the entire network of the system, from generation to consumption, are accounted for. Furthermore, the framework uses the concept of fuzzy system to calculate the value of information under conditions of uncertainty.

Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Badiru, Adedeji B [ORNL

2012-01-01

245

COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

-5 APPENDIX C: New Solar Homes Partnership Table C-1. Summary of Approval and Payment Activity in IOU ......................A-7 APPENDIX B: Emerging Renewables Program Table B-1. Summary of Approval and Payment Activity in IOU Service Areas .................. B-1 Table B-2. Systems in IOU Service Areas Completed in FY 2010

246

Power marketing and renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

Power marketing refers to wholesale and retail transactions of electric power made by companies other than public power entities and the regulated utilities that own the generation and distribution lines. The growth in power marketing has been a major development in the electric power industry during the last few years, and power marketers are expected to realize even more market opportunities as electric industry deregulation proceeds from wholesale competition to retail competition. This Topical Issues Brief examines the nature of the power marketing business and its relationship with renewable power. The information presented is based on interviews conducted with nine power marketing companies, which accounted for almost 54% of total power sales by power marketers in 1995. These interviews provided information on various viewpoints of power marketers, their experience with renewables, and their respective outlooks for including renewables in their resource portfolios. Some basic differences exist between wholesale and retail competition that should be recognized when discussing power marketing and renewable power. At the wholesale level, the majority of power marketers stress the commodity nature of electricity. The primary criteria for developing resource portfolios are the same as those of their wholesale customers: the cost and reliability of power supplies. At the retail level, electricity may be viewed as a product that includes value-added characteristics or services determined by customer preferences.

Fang, J.M.

1997-09-01

247

Data Center Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Site Assessment: Anderson Readiness Center; Salem, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results from the data center energy efficiency and renewable energy site assessment conducted for the Oregon Army National Guard in Salem, Oregon. A team led by NREL conducted the assessment of the Anderson Readiness Center data centers March 18-20, 2014 as part of ongoing efforts to reduce energy use and incorporate renewable energy technologies where feasible. Although the data centers in this facility account for less than 5% of the total square footage, they are estimated to be responsible for 70% of the annual electricity consumption.

Metzger, I.; Van Geet, O.

2014-06-01

248

Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

Not Available

1994-05-06

249

Energy Consumption of Industrial Spray Dryers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2000, the U.K. government's Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme commissioned a survey to determine the energy consumption of spray dryers within the chemicals, foods, and ceramics industries. The results of this survey, which included dryers having evaporation rates ranging from 0.1 to 12 t\\/h, revealed values of the specific energy consumption Es varying from around 3 to 20 GJ\\/t water evaporated.

C. G. J. Baker; K. A. McKenzie

2005-01-01

250

Ecodesign and Renewable Energy: How to Integrate Renewable Energy Technologies into Consumer Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of (consumer) products that consume electricity is still increasing rapidly. Emerging technologies in the field of renewable energy, such as small fuel cells, flexible photo-voltaic solar cells and human power are promising new solutions for sustainable energy sources. As renewable energy sources develop and become smaller and more flexible, possibilities of integrating them into the product design have

A. Mestre; J. C. Diehl

2005-01-01

251

76 FR 6605 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) AGENCY: Department...Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open...

2011-02-07

252

LRBOI Tribal Renewable Energy-Final Report  

SciTech Connect

In 2011, a DOE Tribal energy Program first Steps Human Capacity was awarded to the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI). The main purpose of the grant was to increase human capacity of LRBOI, to understand the components of renewable energy and the importance of energy efficiency. This report summarizes the activities, the outcomes, and the lessons learned during this grant.

Hawley, David A.

2013-12-17

253

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Technologies (CEERT) is a nonprofit organization of concerned scientists, environmentalists, public interest advocates and innovative technology companies. CEERT advocates sustainable electric generation policies, clean vehicles, and energy efficiency and conservation. Their web site features the latest topics surrounding sustainable energy including Harnessing CA Solar Power, Reducing Coal Demand Fuels, and Transportation Fuel.

2008-09-09

254

Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Course Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on renewable energy sources including solar energy, wind power, hydropower, fuel cells, biomass, and alternative transportation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-05-23

255

Revitalize Electrical Program with Renewable Energy Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting a renewable energy technology (RET) program can be as simple as shifting the teaching and learning focus of a traditional electricity program toward energy production and energy control systems. Redirecting curriculum content and delivery to address photovoltaic solar (PV solar) technology and small wind generation systems is a natural…

Karns, Robert J.

2012-01-01

256

Career Directions--Renewable Energy Systems Integrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy systems are beginning to appear everywhere. Solar modules are creating "blue roofs" that convert the energy from the sun into household electricity. Solar thermal systems on roofs can generate hot water. Wind turbines catch breezes to provide even more electricity. Recommendations for saving energy, specifying systems for…

Fleeman, Stephen R.

2012-01-01

257

Developing markets for renewable energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although renewable energy resources are now being utilised more on a global scale than ever before, there is no doubt their contribution to the energy economy can still be greatly increased. Recently international support for developing these relatively new sources of energy has been driven by their benefits as assessed by reduced environmental impact, particularly reduced greenhouse gas emissions.After several

W. W. S Charters

2001-01-01

258

Module 5: Introduction to Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Eastern Iowa Community College provides this learning module to teach students about renewable energy on farms, energy storage and distribution, PURPA legislation, and a number of other topics related to agricultural energy. Users can download a zip file in which they will find a syllabus, student handouts, a quiz, and 55 slide PowerPoint presentation.

2013-11-19

259

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11  

E-print Network

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11 Option B: The program is organized by t Spanish Institute and the Asso program on renewable energy will provide students with advanced knowledge. opportunities: option A- two renewable energies; option B include on-site visits to renewable energy generation

Simaan, Nabil

260

The renewable energy contribution from waste across Europe.  

E-print Network

The renewable energy contribution from waste across Europe. Jan Manders Deputy President CEWEP 3rd of the Study Demonstrate amount of Renewable Energy generated by various Waste Processing Routes across Europe of the EU Binding Renewable Energy Targets 2020 in the Renewable Energy Directive 3 #12;Treatment of MSW

261

State energy data report 1995 - consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

NONE

1997-12-01

262

Optimum utilization of renewable energy sources in a remote area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is supplied in the form of electricity, heat or fuels and an energy supply system must guarantee sustainable energy supplies, production and distribution of energy. Such system based on renewable energy can be utilized as integrated renewable energy system (IRES), which can satisfy the energy needs of an area in appropriate and sustainable manner. For renewable energy based rural

A. K. Akella; M. P. Sharma; R. P. Saini

2007-01-01

263

Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water  

E-print Network

Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water Juan Enciso and Michael Mecke* Wind power Wind is often used as an energy source to operate pumps and supply water to livestock. Because of the large amount of water needed for crops, wind power is rarely used... renewable energy sources ? such as solar or wind power ? for your home, for drip irrigation or for livestock water wells. Wind and solar energy can be excellent options in remote areas where the costs of extending transmission lines are high. Extending...

Enciso, J.; Mecke, M.

264

Tunisia Renewable Energy Project systems description report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1979, the Agency for International Development (AID) initiated a renewable energy project with the Government of Tunisia to develop an institutional capability to plan and institute renewable energy technologies in a rural area. The specific objective of the district energy applications subproject was to demonstrate solar and wind energy systems in a rural village setting. The NASA Lewis Research Center was asked by the AID Near East Bureau to manage and implement this subproject. This report describes the project and gives detailed desciptions of the various systems.

Scudder, L. R.; Martz, J. E.; Ratajczak, A. F.

1986-01-01

265

Renewable Energy Living Lab: The Bright Idea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate the feasibility of solar energy and other renewable energy sources in different U.S. locations. Working in small groups, students act as engineers evaluating the suitability of installing solar panels at four company locations. They access data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab from which they make calculations and analyze how successful solar energy generation would be, as well as the potential for other power sources at those locations. Then they summarize their results, analysis and recommendations in the form of feasibility plans prepared for a CEO.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

266

Tunisia Renewable Energy Project systems description report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1979, the Agency for International Development (AID) initiated a renewable energy project with the Government of Tunisia to develop an institutional capability to plan and institute renewable energy technologies in a rural area. The specific objective of the district energy applications subproject was to demonstrate solar and wind energy systems in a rural village setting. The NASA Lewis Research Center was asked by the AID Near East Bureau to manage and implement this subproject. This report describes the project and gives detailed desciptions of the various systems.

Scudder, L. R.; Martz, J. E.; Ratajczak, A. F.

1986-10-01

267

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Sill, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Sill, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Sill took place on June 10, 2010.

Boyd, Brian K.; Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

2011-03-31

268

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Polk, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Polk, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Polk took place on February 16, 2010.

Solana, Amy E.; Boyd, Brian K.; Horner, Jacob A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Orrell, Alice C.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

2010-11-17

269

Renewable Energy Markets and Policies  

E-print Network

Average annual growth rate, OECD countries 1970-1980 1980-1990 1990-2001 Renewables 3.2 % 2.4 % 1$1100-2000/kW Policies · RD&D · RD&D investments prior to rapid market growth · Denmark, Germany, US · Feed-in tariffs · Rapid diffusion · Germany, Spain, Denmark and Italy · Production tax credits · US #12

270

78 FR 29749 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE- 2G), U.S....

2013-05-21

271

76 FR 54224 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open meeting...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

2011-08-31

272

76 FR 80355 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open teleconference...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

2011-12-23

273

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Education Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) believes that "educating students, teachers, and consumers is the other key to finding new renewable ways to power our homes, businesses, and cars." This site is full of important educational resources such as classroom activities, online quizzes, and fact sheets that deal with renewable energy technology and applied sciences. In the Educational Resources area, visitors can make their way through several dozen lesson plans, including "History of Solar Cells," "Teacher's Guide to Wind Energy," and "School Energy Audit." Moving on, the DOE Undergraduate Internships & Graduate Fellowships area gives interested parties access to application forms for the Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program and the Graduate Fellowship Program. The site is rounded out by information on the annual Junior Solar Sprint & Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car Competition.

2012-07-20

274

International cooperation for renewable energy transfer  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that in considering the potential of major renewable energy resources in relation to their remoteness from demand centers, it is necessary to take a global view of the implications of their utilization. The present concerns regarding global warming and environmental degradation from fossil fuel combustion could be given active direction if the positive benefits of renewable energy could be realized on a meaningful scale. The dire prospect of global warming looms large in the scientific consciousness, but strategies to counter the effects of increased release of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are just beginning to emerge along with remedial measures to address other environmental threats. One of the ways to achieve this is to place more reliance on renewable energy. As the impact of small-scale dispersed sources of renewable energy is minimal in comparison with fossil fuel usage, a meaningful impact could only be made by drawing upon major sources of renewable energy, mainly hydropower, tidal, and solar, in large capacity installations concentrated at sites relatively far from demand centers. There are sites that warrant serious consideration in the face of the growing environmental impact of fossil fuel usage. However, to realize this objective, an environmental imperative should be adopted that would place the importance of global environmental security on a par with present concerns for national security.

Wolfe, M.H.

1992-06-01

275

PUEBLO OF ZIA RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT FEASIBILITY STUDY  

SciTech Connect

The Pueblo of Zia will conduct a comprehensive feasibility study for best-use application(s) for development of renewable energy resources on its tribally held TRUST lands (i.e., Trust Lands of Zia Indian Reservation). The feasibility study is essential for determining the technical and economic viability of a future renewable project(s) on Zia tribal lands, including the potential economic and environmental benefits for the Tribe. Project Objectives: The feasibility study is essential for determining the technical and economic viability of future renewable project(s) on Zia tribal lands, including the potential economic and environmental benefits for the Tribe to: 1. Provide a balanced local renewable power supply for Zia Pueblo, its members, tribal offices, schools and buildings, and businesses on tribal lands 2. Provide a firm power supply for export and commercial market distribution 3. Provide economic development for the Tribe and its members, including job training and creation, each in accordance with the goals and objectives as conveyed by the Pueblo of Zia Tribal Council, Tribal Administration, and outlined in The Pueblo of Zia Comprehensive Plan and Pueblo of Zia — Zia Enterprise Zone Master Plan. A key goal of the study is to analyze the integrated development of solar, geothermal, and wind renewable energy resources at Zia Pueblo, with added potential to combine gas-fired generation to accomplish energy firming. Geothermal offers a base load source of energy, providing power continuously for end users. Wind and solar offer intermediate and peaking sources of energy, which can be harvested throughout the day, with periods of variable but predicable output. Variability will be managed in an integrated manner, using Zia Pueblo's combined renewable resources to generate high-quality power. Tasks are intended to collect, catalog, map, and analyze existing data on Zia Pueblo's renewable energy resource base and then match resource attributes with the most suitable renewable technologies for tribal energy consumption and needs. Also, key impacts on cultural and social values of Zia Pueblo will be addressed. Selected most favorable uses and technologies will be further investigated to determine initial feasibility and market for business development for up to six sites located on tribal land. The anticipated result will be the recommended development of sites that have sufficient background study completed to warrant a business plan, detailed engineering feasibility, and acquisition of project financing. Valuable technical and economic information will accrue from this study that may be applied to scale up or down the various power technology potential on Zia Pueblo for maximum benefit and best area(s) of application, project phasing and potential for future replicability and expansion.

Pino, Peter M. [Tribal Administrator (Ret.), Pueblo of Zia; Lakshman, Jai [Project Manager (NDA) for Pueblo of Zia; Toole, G. Loren [Principal Investigator, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Energy Analysis Team/ CCS-3, D-4; Hand, Dan [P.E., Sustainable Enginerring; Witcher, James; Emerson, Michael A. [Senior V.P., ARES Corporation; Turner, Jeremy [Executive Director, NM Renewable Energy Transmission Authority; Sandidge, Wendy [Director of Operations, NM Community Capital

2014-06-30

276

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

277

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

278

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

279

Renewable Energy and the Nevada Test and Training Range  

E-print Network

1 Renewable Energy and the Nevada Test and Training Range Wednesday, December 15, 2010 Melissa due to renewable energy infrastructure development at the Nevada Test and Training Range. Nevada has have ever-increasing renewable energy goals. However, proposals for the development of 116 renewable

Lewis, Robert Michael

280

Communication systems for grid integration of renewable energy resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. In this grid integration, communication systems are crucial technologies, which enable the accommodation of distributed renewable energy generation and play an extremely important role in monitoring, operating,

F. Richard Yu; Peng Zhang; Weidong Xiao; Paul Choudhury

2011-01-01

281

Energy and other non-renewable resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Anticipated U.S. demands for non-renewable energy and mineral resources exceed domestic supplies essential for economic growth. For the long term changes necessary in the energy supply and demand gap, new technologies and substitute materials as well as legislation and socio-economic strategies are elaborated.

1975-01-01

282

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Biomass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers biomass energy technology, including biopower, biofuels and biobased products. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-23

283

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Photovoltaics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers photovoltaics, including a review of energy in light, how solar cells work and types of solar cells. A number of useful graphics are included to enhance the materials. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

284

RENEWABLES RESEARCH Boiler Burner Energy System Technology  

E-print Network

RENEWABLES RESEARCH Boiler Burner Energy System Technology (BBEST) for Firetube Boilers PIER, industrial combined heat and power (CHP) boiler burner energy system technology ("BBEST"). Their research (unrecuperated) with an ultra- low nitrous oxide (NOx) boiler burner for firetube boilers. The project goals

285

RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATIVES: CURRENT STATUS AND CAPACITIES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A key to the United States’ economic growth is an ever-increasing demand for energy, which has traditionally been met primarily by combusting the hydrocarbons found in fossil fuels. As environmental concerns grow, renewable energy resources are gaining increasing attention. To aid both researchers...

286

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

287

7 CFR 4280.165 - Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency...General Combined Funding for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency...165 Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy...

2013-01-01

288

77 FR 43807 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee; Extended Deadline for Solicitation of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...nominations to serve on the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...composition and purpose of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2012-07-26

289

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

290

76 FR 71312 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-11-17

291

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

292

7 CFR 4280.165 - Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency...General Combined Funding for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency...165 Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy...

2014-01-01

293

75 FR 12743 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Request for Information; Weatherization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Request for Information...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...water systems; Small-scale renewable energy systems, including...

2010-03-17

294

75 FR 35766 - Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee and Solicitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...Notice of establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...announces the establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2010-06-23

295

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

296

75 FR 29993 - Department of Commerce: Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee Renewable Energy and Energy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Promotion Coordinating Committee Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Export...Coordinating Committee's (TPCC) Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Working Group is developing a U.S. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2010-05-28

297

7 CFR 4280.188 - Grant funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance. 4280...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance....

2012-01-01

298

7 CFR 4280.188 - Grant funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance. 4280...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance....

2014-01-01

299

7 CFR 4280.165 - Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency...General Combined Funding for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency...165 Combined funding for renewable energy systems and energy...

2012-01-01

300

7 CFR 4280.188 - Grant funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance. 4280...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...funding for energy audit and renewable energy development assistance....

2013-01-01

301

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

302

75 FR 35450 - Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of...

2010-06-22

303

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

304

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

305

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

306

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

307

75 FR 73039 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (RE&EEAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (RE&EEAC...of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (RE&EEAC...to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee,...

2010-11-29

308

Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software. The report also includes: ? A description of each of the components of the Atlas; ? Lists of the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and ? A brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies. The Atlas includes the following: ? A GIS database organized as a set of Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS Personal GeoDatabases, and ? ESRI ArcReader and ArcGIS project files providing an interactive map visualization and analysis interface.

Kuiper, J. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Hlava, K. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Greenwood, H. [Environmentall Science Division] [Environmentall Science Division; Carr, A. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division

2013-12-13

309

Energy Consumption of Die Casting Operations  

SciTech Connect

Molten metal processing is inherently energy intensive and roughly 25% of the cost of die-cast products can be traced to some form of energy consumption [1]. The obvious major energy requirements are for melting and holding molten alloy in preparation for casting. The proper selection and maintenance of melting and holding equipment are clearly important factors in minimizing energy consumption in die-casting operations [2]. In addition to energy consumption, furnace selection also influences metal loss due to oxidation, metal quality, and maintenance requirements. Other important factors influencing energy consumption in a die-casting facility include geographic location, alloy(s) cast, starting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, casting yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-casting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, casting yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-casting machine, related equipment (robots, trim presses), and downstream processing (machining, plating, assembly, etc.). Each of these factors also may influence the casting quality and productivity of a die-casting enterprise. In a die-casting enterprise, decisions regarding these issues are made frequently and are based on a large number of factors. Therefore, it is not surprising that energy consumption can vary significantly from one die-casting enterprise to the next, and within a single enterprise as function of time.

Jerald Brevick; clark Mount-Campbell; Carroll Mobley

2004-03-15

310

Strategic Energy Planning for Renewable Energy Demonstration Center  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this project is to support the addition of renewable energy technologies to the existing CBMI resource recovery park, known as the Cabazon Resource Recovery Park (CRRP) in Mecca, California. The concept approved for this project was to determine if the resources and the needs existed for the addition of a Renewable Energy Demonstration Center (REDC) at the CRRP. The REDC concept is envisioned to support the need of startup renewable companies for a demonstration site that reduces their development costs.

Ross, Becky [Cabazon Band of Mission Indians] [Cabazon Band of Mission Indians; Crandell, George

2014-04-10

311

Renewable energy sources in Bulgaria: Current state and trends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The over-dependency of Bulgaria on imported fuel stressed the importance of developing a new energy strategy based on energy saving which includes also using renewable energy sources (RES). The target is the substitution of at least 2 percent of the real primary energy consumption with RES by 2010. The author gives a generalized analysis of the available RES in Bulgaria -solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and mini-hydraulic. The potentialities of each source for its usage as a suitable energy supply are pointed out, as well as the current status of research and implementation work, problems connected with legislation, financing and production of particular facilities. The governmental policy concerning RES is considered briefly. A description is given to the project 'Technical and Economical Assessment of Possibilities for Expansion of the RES-part in the Energy Balance of the Country' developed and started in 1994 in the framework of the PHARE program.

Kolev, K.

312

Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, Andrew W. Moore and Andy Hopper  

E-print Network

Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice renewable en- ergy by (i) colocating datacentres with these remote energy sources, (ii) connecting them over and organisational impact on the environment by re- ducing fossil fuel consumption and, by extension, decreas- ing

Cambridge, University of

313

How might renewable energy technologies fit in the food-water-energy nexus?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Feeding the growing population in the U.S. will require additional land for crop and livestock production. Similarly, a growing population will require additional sources of energy. Renewable energy is likely to play an increased role in meeting the new demands of electricity consumers. Renewable energy technologies can differ from conventional technologies in their operation and their siting locations. Many renewable energy technologies have a lower energy density than conventional technologies and can also have large land use requirements. Much of the prime area suitable for renewable energy development in the U.S. has historically been used for agricultural production, and there is some concern that renewable energy installations could displace land currently producing food crops. In addition to requiring vast expanses of land, both agriculture and renewable energy can require water. The agriculture and energy sectors are responsible for the majority of water withdrawals in the U.S. Increases in both agricultural and energy demand can lead to increases in water demands, depending on crop management and energy technologies employed. Water is utilized in the energy industry primarily for power plant cooling, but it is also required for steam cycle processes and cleaning. Recent characterizations of water use by different energy and cooling system technologies demonstrate the choice of fuel and cooling system technologies can greatly impact the withdrawals and the consumptive use of water in the energy industry. While some renewable and conventional technology configurations can utilize more water per unit of land than irrigation-grown crops, other renewable technology configurations utilize no water during operations and could lead to reduced stress on water resources. Additionally, co-locating agriculture and renewable energy production is also possible with many renewable technologies, avoiding many concerns about reductions in domestic food production. Various metrics exist for defining land use impacts of energy technologies, with little consensus on how much total land is impacted or is necessary. Here we characterize the land use requirements of energy technologies by comparing various metrics from different studies, providing ranges of the potential land impact from alternative energy scenarios. Land use requirements for energy needs under these scenarios are compared with projected land use requirements for agriculture to support a growing population. The water implications of various energy and food scenarios are analyzed to provide insights into potential regional impacts or conflicts between sectors.

Newmark, R. L.; Macknick, J.; Heath, G.; Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Roberts, B.

2011-12-01

314

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings  

EIA Publications

Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

2010-01-01

315

CREST: Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology, a 501(c)(3) organization in Washington, DC, announces Solstice, a file server with state-of-the-art information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, the environment, and sustainable community development.

316

Renewable Energy Applications for Existing Buildings: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces technical opportunities, means, and methods for incorporating renewable energy (RE) technologies into building designs and operations. It provides an overview of RE resources and available technologies used successfully to offset building electrical and thermal energy loads. Methods for applying these technologies in buildings and the role of building energy efficiency in successful RE projects are addressed along with tips for implementing successful RE projects.

Hayter, S. J.; Kandt, A.

2011-08-01

317

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2005 Research Review  

SciTech Connect

Science and technology are at the heart of everything we do at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, as we pursue innovative, robust, and sustainable ways to produce energy--and as we seek to understand and illuminate the physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering behind alternative energy technologies. This year's Research Review highlights the Lab's work in the areas of alternatives fuels and vehicles, high-performing commercial buildings, and high-efficiency inverted, semi-mismatched solar cells.

Brown, H.; Gwinner, D.; Miller, M.; Pitchford, P.

2006-06-01

318

Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is an education program involving three Historically Black Colleges and Universities and NASA's John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. These three universities; Central State University (CSU), Savannah State University (SSU) and Wilberforce University (WU) are working together with NASA Glenn to use the theme of renewable energy to improve the science, engineering and technology education of minority students and to attract minority students to these fields. In this vein, a renewable energy laboratory course is being offered at WU with the goal of giving the students of WU and CSU hands on experiences. As part of this course, the students are constructing solar light posts for a local high school with a high minority population. A Physics teacher from this school and some of his high school students are involved with this project. A lecture course on energy systems and sustainability is being developed by SSU to be delivered via distance reaming to the other institutions. Summer activities are being planned at all three institutions involving student projects in renewable energy. For example, WU students will work on a study of the synthesis and properties of photovoltaic materials. In addition, CSU will present a weeklong summer program to high school students with the assistance of WU. This presentation will focus on the student involvement and achievements in the educational area to date and plot the future course of this program.

Buffinger, D. R.; Fuller, C. W.; Gordon, E. M.; Kalu, A.; Hepp, Aloysius F. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

319

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Center 58 Wind: Development Potential ­ Geyserville · Potential to collocate wind Renewable Energy Center Assessment of Co-located Renewable Generation Potential #12;California Renewable (Task 2, L.A. Basin) and regions (Task 5) with co-located resources · Assess resource potential

California at Davis, University of

320

76 FR 57956 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive Business Development Mission; Clarification and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...supplement to the Notice of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...permit), interested U.S. renewable energy firms and trade...

2011-09-19

321

77 FR 64106 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Trade Policy Mission to Chile  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Trade...Administration (ITA) is organizing a Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (RE...Government support for Chile's renewable energy goals. The mission...

2012-10-18

322

Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Renewable Energy Systems  

E-print Network

Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Renewable Energy Systems Rapidly increasing energy demands coupled is providing firm energy from multiple non-firm renewable energy inputs. As Canada's Green UniversityTM, UNBC intends to take a leadership role in developing research to support local renewable energy systems

Northern British Columbia, University of

323

Development of renewable energy Challenges for the electrical grids  

E-print Network

Development of renewable energy in France Challenges for the electrical grids #12;Contenu 1. Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables ­ The French Renewable Energy Association 2. RES development in France, Geothermal energy... · The Voice of the Renewable Energy sector for Government & public authorities, TSOs

Canet, LĂ©onie

324

Draft Report Development of Model Curriculum in Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Draft Report On Development of Model Curriculum in Renewable Energy Energy Systems Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Powai, Mumbai ­ 400 076 August 2003 #12;Draft Renewable Energy energy systems for the future, it is necessary to incorporate renewable energy in the traditional

Banerjee, Rangan

325

Gains from an integrated market for tradable renewable energy credits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decoupling the environmental attributes of renewable energy (RE) generation from the physical unit of energy is an innovative mechanism for marketing green or renewable power. The introduction of ‘Tradable Renewable Energy Credits’ (TRECs) allows the green power attributes of energy to be sold or traded separately from the physical unit of energy. Since the green power certificate system removes potential

Pallab Mozumder; Achla Marathe

2004-01-01

326

Energy: Production, Consumption, and Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy policy in the United States and much of the analysis behind those policies is largely incomplete according to many. Systems for energy production, distribution, and use have traditionally been analyzed by supply sector, yet such analyses cannot capture the complex interplay of technology, economics, public policy, and environmental concerns…

Helm, John L., Ed.

327

Student Outreach With Renewable Energy Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is a joint grant that involves a collaboration between three HBCU's (Central State University, Savannah State University, and Wilberforce University) and NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. The overall goal of the grant is to increase the interest of minority students in the technical disciplines, to encourage participating minority students to continue their undergraduate study in these disciplines, and to promote graduate school to these students. As a part of SORET, Central State University has developed an undergraduate research associates program over the past two years. As part of this program, students are required to take special laboratory courses offered at Wilberforce University that involve the application of renewable energy systems. The course requires the students to design, construct, and install a renewable energy project. In addition to the applied renewable energy course, Central State University provided four undergraduate research associates the opportunity to participate in summer internships at Texas Southern University (Renewable Energy Environmental Protection Program) and the Cleveland African-American Museum (Renewable Energy Summer Camp for High School Students) an activity co sponsored by NASA and the Cleveland African-American Museum. Savannah State University held a high school summer program with a theme of the Direct Impact of Science on Our Every Day Lives. The purpose of the institute was to whet the interest of students in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) by demonstrating the effectiveness of science to address real world problems. The 2001 institute involved the design and installation of a PV water pumping system at the Center for Advanced Water Technology and Energy Systems at Savannah State. Both high school students and undergraduates contributed to this project. Wilberforce University has used NASA support to provide resources for an Applied Renewable Energy Laboratory offered to both Central State and Wilberforce students. In addition, research endeavors for high school and undergraduates were funded during the summer. The research involved attempts to layer photovoltaic materials on a conducting polymer (polypyrrole) substrate. Two undergraduate students who were interested in polymer research originated this concept. Finally, the university was able to purchase a meteorological station to assist in the analysis of the solar/wind hybrid power system operating at the university.

Clark, Eric B. (Technical Monitor); Buffinger, D.; Fuller, C.; Kalu, A.

2003-01-01

328

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory and Accomplishments under "In-Line Diagnostics and Intelligent Processing" and "Yield, Durability and Reliability, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents

329

Renewable energy perspectives in the  

E-print Network

capacity needed. Fossil fuels will continue to dominate the energy mix and natural gas will overtake oil IS IN THE SOUTH #12;ENERGY DEMAND BY FUEL The future will remain fossil fuel based (70%) Gas demand could increase by decreasing costs of technologies and very favorable climate conditions Strong electricity demand growth

Canet, LĂ©onie

330

Renewable Energy Projects for Developing Countries Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This workshop was given by Michel Maupoux at Portland Community College's 2009 Summer Sustainability Institute. It focused on how to design and implement renewable energy systems in rural communities. The group looked at small off-grid solar photovoltaic systems for community buildings and options for water pumping systems.This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Maupoux, Michel

2011-12-22

331

RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance, serving millions

Eric Martinot; Akanksha Chaurey; Debra Lew; Jose Roberto Moreira; Njeri Wamukonya

2002-01-01

332

Renewable energy in IP over WDM networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have shown that the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry is responsible for about 2% of the global emission of CO2 and this percentage is expected to increase as the Internet expands in bandwidth and reach. In this paper, we propose the use of renewable energy in IP over WDM networks to minimize CO2 emissions. A Linear Programming

Xiaowen Dong; Taisir El-Gorashi; Jaafar M. H. Elmirghani

2010-01-01

333

Renewable energy potential and utilization in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources have been important for humans since the beginning of civilisation. For centuries, and in many ways, biomass has been used for heating, and cooking. Many centuries ago, mankind was already utilizing the clearly visible power of water for mechanical drive purposes, as was also the case with wind. Today, water mills are still used in our villages,

Kamil Kaygusuz; Ahmet Sar?

2003-01-01

334

Renewable energy in US federal buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research seeks to investigate sources of renewable energy into the everyday operation of federally owned facilities. The goal is to present comparisons of existing US federal buildings and analyze the savings and methodologies for acceptance of each project for the use of building and project managers within the US federal government or other researchers interested in similar

Daniel Castro-Lacouture; Kathy O. Roper

2009-01-01

335

Climate change and renewable energy portfolios   

E-print Network

The UK has a commitment to reduce greenhouse gases by at least 80% from 1990 levels by 2050. This will see the proportion of energy generated in the UK from renewable resources such as wind, solar, marine and bio-fuels ...

Burnett, Dougal James

2012-06-25

336

Renewable Energy for the Next Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy is harnessed from natural and sustainable sources, like wind, sun and water. They offer a pollution-free, endless source of electricity that is crucial in the fight against climate change. Every unit of this "green" electricity directly replaces electricity normally generated from conventional polluting sources such as coal or…

Barton, Leslie

2005-01-01

337

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions  

SciTech Connect

In the U.S., a number of utilities are adopting higher penetrations of renewables, driven in part by state policies. While power systems have been designed to handle the variable nature of loads, the additional supply-side variability and uncertainty can pose new challenges for utilities and system operators. However, a variety of operational and technical solutions exist to help integrate higher penetrations of wind and solar generation. This paper explores renewable energy integration challenges and mitigation strategies that have been implemented in the U.S. and internationally, including forecasting, demand response, flexible generation, larger balancing areas or balancing area cooperation, and operational practices such as fast scheduling and dispatch.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.; Lew, D.

2013-09-01

338

Renewable Energies Perspective to the Energy Performance of Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction of renewable energy technologies in the built environment gives opportunities to improve the energy performance of buildings. In particular the use of solar energy applications offers a variety of possibilities. The Energy Efficiency and Energy Service Directive (1) and the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (2) require all Member States to implement national regulations within the near future. Other

J. J. Bloem

339

Micro Renewable Energy Systems: Synergizing Technology, Economics and Policy  

E-print Network

Micro Renewable Energy Systems: Synergizing Technology, Economics and Policy Narayanan Komerath in developing a renewable energy economy based on devices of less than 5KW , suitable for retail marketing suggested. Keywords ­ Micro Renewable Energy, Public Policy, Algae, Biofuel, Energy Efficiency I

340

Renewable Energy Strategies for Sustainable Development Henrik Lund*  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Strategies for Sustainable Development Henrik Lund* Department of Development of renewable energy (wind, solar, wave and biomass) in the making of strategies for a sustainable development improvements in the energy production, and replacement of fossil fuels by various sources of renewable energy

Hansen, René Rydhof

341

Renewable Energy Integration and the Impact of Carbon Regulation  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Integration and the Impact of Carbon Regulation on the Electric Grid Future Grid the Future Electric Energy System #12;Thrust Area 3 White Paper Renewable Energy Integration and the Impact. #12;ii Executive Summary The integration of renewable energy resources into the power grid is driven

342

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids , Zhichuan Huang  

E-print Network

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids Ting Zhu , Zhichuan Huang , Ankur Sharma , Jikui Su § Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst ABSTRACT Renewable energy harvested from nature of renewable energy results in a mismatch between when these sources generate energy and when

Shenoy, Prashant

343

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

impact on fatigue life? 17 #12;California Renewable Energy Center 18 Wind: Emerging Technologies;California Renewable Energy Center Organization of this session: · Overview of solar, wind, geothermal Angeles Basin results later (Task 2). #12;California Renewable Energy Center California Wind Energy

California at Davis, University of

344

Research in Bioenergy and Other Renewable Energy Sources in Bulgaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interest in Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in Bulgaria reflects the changes in the field of energy policy worldwide and in Europe. The key to successful development of renewable energies in Bulgaria requires a combination of political commitment and decision making as well as support mechanisms including well-defined government targets, technological advances and public acceptance. The renewable energy sources (RES)

Emilia Mihaylova; Anna Garo Aladjadjian

2009-01-01

345

Leveraging Renewable Energy in Data Centers: Present and Future  

E-print Network

Keywords Renewable energy, energy-aware scheduling, data centers. 1. INTRODUCTION Data centers consumeLeveraging Renewable Energy in Data Centers: Present and Future Keynote Summary Ricardo Bianchini in powering data centers (at least par- tially) with renewable or "green" sources of energy, such as solar

Bianchini, Ricardo

346

Towards the Implementation of Renewable Energies-A European Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper summarizes the rationale for an important development of the renewable energies in Europe and overseas. Possible instruments and actions for the development and market introduction of various forms of renewable energies and the associated technologies are reviewed. The progressive introduction of renewable energies in the future energy market requires that they first achieve economic competitiveness. A wide range

Wolfgang Palz

1991-01-01

347

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

Fowler (Ph.D. candidate) #12;California Renewable Energy Center 9:00 Introduction and Overview 9RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Public Workshop at the California Energy Commission (CEC) September 3, 2014 California Renewable Energy Center #12;California

California at Davis, University of

348

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Smart Solar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate whether solar power is a viable energy alternative for several cities in different parts of the U.S. Working in small groups, they examine maps and make calculations using NREL/US DOE data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. In this exercise, students analyze cost and availability for solar power, and come to conclusions about whether solar power is a good solution for four different locations.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

349

International Data Base for the U.S. Renewable Energy Industry  

SciTech Connect

The International Data Base for the US Renewable Energy Industry was developed to provide the US renewable energy industry with background data for identifying and analyzing promising foreign market opportunities for their products and services. Specifically, the data base provides the following information for 161 developed and developing countries: (1) General Country Data--consisting of general energy indicators; (2) Energy Demand Data--covering commercial primary energy consumption; (3) Energy Resource Data--identifying annual average insolation, wind power, and river flow data; (4) Power System Data--indicating a wide range of electrical parameters; and (5) Business Data--including currency and credit worthiness data.

none

1986-05-01

350

Renewable Energy 2030 Experts'Visions 25th Anniversary of the Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE)  

E-print Network

General for the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) 5:00 pm ­ 6:30 pm PANEL SPEECHES A14 - Auditorium Joachim Luther,"Solar Energy - State of the Art" Former Head of Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg (ISE, 1993 - 2006) Daniel Kammen,"Science,Technology and Policy

Peinke, Joachim

351

Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie (Netherlands) and  

E-print Network

1 Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie provision. There are a number of local renewable energy initiatives that emerged from all over Europe typically face. Keywords: sustainability transitions, strategic niche management, local renewable energy

Vellekoop, Michel

352

Renewable Energy Resources in Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy sector in Lebanon plays an important role in the overall development of the country, especially that it suffers from many serious problems. The fact that Lebanon is among the few countries that are not endowed with fossil fuels in the Middle East made this sector cause one third of the national debt in Lebanon. Despite the large government

R. Hamdy

2010-01-01

353

Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe residing on the Pyramid Lake Reservation in western Nevada. The funding for this project was used to identify blind geothermal systems disconnected from geothermal sacred sites and develop a Tribal energy corporation for evaluating potential economic development for profit.

John Jackson

2008-03-14

354

Status report on renewable energy in the States  

SciTech Connect

As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2) assess the impacts of state policies on renewable energy development; and (3) identify important information needs. The key findings from this effort are: Renewable energy development has occurred only slowly over the last decade, and a small number of states account for the bulk of development. The development that has occurred has been limited to non-utility entities. Directed state policies have been a key driver in renewable energy development. Those states not currently addressing renewables may need more data and information before they proceed with directed policies. Other important observations are: The cost of renewables is an overriding concern. Regulators distinguish between ``emerging`` and ``established`` renewable energy technologies. Specific data are lacking on state-level renewable energy development. Detailed renewable resource assessments have yet to be performed in many states. This report identifies renewable energy information needs of state regulators. However, a number of concerns are also identified that must be addressed before renewables will receive serious attention in many of those states with limited renewables experience. Finally, the report catalogs a wide variety of policies that have been utilized in the states to promote greater development of renewable energy.

Swezey, B.; Sinclair, K.

1992-12-01

355

Status report on renewable energy in the States  

SciTech Connect

As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2) assess the impacts of state policies on renewable energy development; and (3) identify important information needs. The key findings from this effort are: Renewable energy development has occurred only slowly over the last decade, and a small number of states account for the bulk of development. The development that has occurred has been limited to non-utility entities. Directed state policies have been a key driver in renewable energy development. Those states not currently addressing renewables may need more data and information before they proceed with directed policies. Other important observations are: The cost of renewables is an overriding concern. Regulators distinguish between emerging'' and established'' renewable energy technologies. Specific data are lacking on state-level renewable energy development. Detailed renewable resource assessments have yet to be performed in many states. This report identifies renewable energy information needs of state regulators. However, a number of concerns are also identified that must be addressed before renewables will receive serious attention in many of those states with limited renewables experience. Finally, the report catalogs a wide variety of policies that have been utilized in the states to promote greater development of renewable energy.

Swezey, B.; Sinclair, K.

1992-12-01

356

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 #12;A Preliminary Examination of the Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute · Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 #12

357

Lighting energy consumption trends and R&D opportunities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electric lighting of buildings in the United States consumes over 20% of the nation's primary electricity and is second only in magnitude to heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. This installed lighting base is generally inefficient and is characterized by relatively low performance especially when compared to other building systems. While substantial opportunities for improving overall lighting system efficiency exist, the pathway to achievement of this goal is less clear. Lighting research and development conducted by the US Department of Energy's (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE), Building Technologies Program (BT) addresses this national issue and aggressively pursues a number of broad research areas that promise to yield significant increases in overall lighting system efficiency. Implementation of a successful program in lighting energy conservation depends upon a detailed assessment of energy consumption trends by lighting technology. The results of several years of research are presented that describe electricity consumption by market sector, application and lamp type. Following this lighting market assessment, an overview of the DOE's ongoing lighting research and development (LR&D) program portfolio linked to the market assessments is provided. Individual program contributions toward achieving ambitious lighting energy conservation goals are described. The BTS portfolio includes research in three broad areas: (1) light source and electronics, (2) fixtures, controls and distribution systems, and (3) human factors. An overview of each technical objective is provided, as well as a timeline for achieving specific energy conservation goals.

Brodrick, James R.; Petrow, Edward D.; Scholand, Michael J.

2002-11-01

358

Siting Renewable Energy: Land Use and Regulatory Context  

E-print Network

This article takes up the increasingly important land use question of siting for renewable energy. As concern over climate change grows, new policies are being crafted at all levels of government to support renewable energy as a way of reducing...

Outka, Uma

2010-01-01

359

78 FR 26394 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments AGENCY...report to USTR in investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments....

2013-05-06

360

Climate Kids: Renewable Energy Scientist  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to a scientist who works primarily on wind energy. He explains the importance of wind farm placement planning. Images of architectural wind and a wind farm are included, along with a link to the Power Up game. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

361

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) follow-on renewable energy (RE) assessment of Fort Hood. Fort Hood receives many solicitations from renewable energy vendors who are interested in doing projects on site. Based on specific requests from Fort Hood staff so they can better understand these proposals, and the results of PNNL's 2008 RE assessment of Fort Hood, the following resources were examined in this assessment: (1) Municipal solid waste (MSW) for waste-to-energy (WTE); (2) Wind; (3) Landfill gas; (4) Solar photovoltaics (PV); and (5) Shale gas. This report also examines the regulatory issues, development options, and environmental impacts for the promising RE resources, and includes a review of the RE market in Texas.

Solana, Amy E.; Warwick, William M.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Parker, Kyle R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Manning, Anathea

2011-11-14

362

Optimal Power Allocation for Renewable Energy Source  

E-print Network

Battery powered transmitters face energy constraint, replenishing their energy by a renewable energy source (like solar or wind power) can lead to longer lifetime. We consider here the problem of finding the optimal power allocation under random channel conditions for a wireless transmitter, such that rate of information transfer is maximized. Here a rechargeable battery, which is periodically charged by renewable source, is used to power the transmitter. All of above is formulated as a Markov Decision Process. Structural properties like the monotonicity of the optimal value and policy derived in this paper will be of vital importance in understanding the kind of algorithms and approximations needed in real-life scenarios. The effect of curse of dimensionality which is prevalent in Dynamic programming problems can thus be reduced. We show our results under the most general of assumptions.

Sinha, Abhinav

2011-01-01

363

Computer Profile of School Facilities Energy Consumption.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines a computerized management tool designed to enable building managers to identify energy consumption as related to types and uses of school facilities for the purpose of evaluating and managing the operation, maintenance, modification, and planning of new facilities. Specifically, it is expected that the statistics generated…

Oswalt, Felix E.

364

Renewable Energy Positioning System: Energy Positioning: Control and Economics  

SciTech Connect

GENI Project: The University of Washington and the University of Michigan are developing an integrated system to match well-positioned energy storage facilities with precise control technologies so the electric grid can more easily include energy from renewable power sources like wind and solar. Because renewable energy sources provide intermittent power, it is difficult for the grid to efficiently allocate those resources without developing solutions to store their energy for later use. The two universities are working with utilities, regulators, and the private sector to position renewable energy storage facilities in locations that optimize their ability to provide and transmit electricity where and when it is needed most. Expanding the network of transmission lines is prohibitively expensive, so combining well-placed storage facilities with robust control systems to efficiently route their power will save consumers money and enable the widespread use of safe, renewable sources of power.

None

2012-03-01

365

Communication Systems for Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Resources  

E-print Network

There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. In this grid integration, communication systems are crucial technologies, which enable the accommodation of distributed renewable energy generation and play extremely important role in monitoring, operating, and protecting both renewable energy generators and power systems. In this paper, we review some communication technologies available for grid integration of renewable energy resources. Then, we present the communication systems used in a real renewable energy project, Bear Mountain Wind Farm (BMW) in British Columbia, Canada. In addition, we present the communication systems used in Photovoltaic Power Systems (PPS). Finally, we outline some research challenges and possible solutions about the communication systems for grid integration of renewable energy resources.

Yu, F Richard; Xiao, Weidong; Choudhury, Paul

2011-01-01

366

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy Ramana Nanda  

E-print Network

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy Ramana Nanda Harvard Business School Ken Younge://www.funginstitute.berkeley.edu/sites/default/ les/Renewable_Energy.pdf July 18, 2013 130 Blum Hall #5580 Berkeley, CA 94720-5580 | (510) 664-4337 | www.funginstitute.berkeley.edu #12;Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy Ramana Nanda

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

367

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive April 13, 2006 Report template version 2.0 #12;April 13, 2006 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

368

A STUDY OF INCREASED USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

A STUDY OF INCREASED USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES IN VIRGINIA Performed by: The Virginia Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado · Appendix B: Lori Bird and Gian Porro, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, and Ryan Pletka and Jason Abiecunas, Black & Veatch, Overland Park

369

ISSN 1745-9648 Financing Renewable Energy through  

E-print Network

ISSN 1745-9648 Financing Renewable Energy through Household Adoption of Green Electricity Tariffs in renewable energy. In order to conceptualize factors constraining the adoption of green electricity tariffs by an equivalent amount of renewable energy generation. The tariffs thus provide additional investment incentives

Feigon, Brooke

370

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy Joseph Flocco David Lath Department of Electrical. Hydropower Water has grown in previous years to become the most widely used form of renewable energy across years to come from Hydropower. It is considered to be a renewable energy source because it uses

Lavaei, Javad

371

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course of performing work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

372

1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 677, Marine Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 677, Marine Renewable Energy 2. Designation as a Required. Renewable Energy from the Ocean ­ a Guide to OTEC, W.H. Avery and C. Wu, Oxford University Press, 1994. 2 and tidal resources. 3. An understanding of the role of ocean renewable energy within the current worldwide

Frandsen, Jannette B.

373

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article  

E-print Network

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article Compact electrical generators.: Illustration shows magnified view of high temperature superconductor cable. #12;renewable energy focus July/August 2009 39 Renewable energy/infrastructure there has been excitement about superconductivity. The sting

Hampshire, Damian

374

16 CFR 260.15 - Renewable energy claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Renewable energy claims. 260.15 Section...MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.15 Renewable energy claims. (a) It is deceptive...product or package is made with renewable energy or that a service uses...

2013-01-01

375

METR 4553/5553 Climate and Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

METR 4553/5553 Climate and Renewable Energy 11:30-12:45 TR, Room 5600 NWC Spring 2012 Instructor Dr: "Renewable Energy", Godfrey Boyle, Oxford University Press, 2004 Course web site: Accessed on Desire2Learn 10 Week 14 Global warming and renewable energy Week 15 Environmental Tech EXAM 2 (Thurs., April 26

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

376

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Dynamically Positioned Buoy  

E-print Network

i Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Dynamically Positioned Buoy by Robert Sean Pagliari ________________________ #12; ii We the undersigned committee hereby approve the attached thesis Hybrid Renewable Energy, College of Engineering #12; iii Abstract Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Dynamically Positioned

Wood, Stephen L.

377

Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research Center Joel Kubby, Dan O'Leary, Zachary #12;Goals · Set-up a unique microgrid test-bed for renewable energy generation, monitoring and storage · Use the facility for testing systems integration, optimization and control of new renewable energy

Lee, Herbie

378

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive;January 20, 2005 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGE7MENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

379

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Anthony F. Ellis April 19, 2006 Report template version 1.3 #12;April 19, 2006 Renewable Energy Research This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

380

Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy (Invited Paper) Zhoujia Mao Department@ece.osu.edu Abstract--Renewable energy sources can be attached to sensor nodes to provide energy replenishment the wide-scale deployment of such networks. However, new and exciting developments in the area of renewable

Koksal, Can Emre

381

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

382

Designing and Managing Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Designing and Managing Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy ´I~nigo Goiri, William Katsak, Kien,wkatsak,lekien,tdnguyen,ricardob}@cs.rutgers.edu Abstract On-site renewable energy has the potential to reduce data- centers' carbon footprint and power. These datacenters will either generate their own renewable energy (self-generation) or draw it directly from

383

16 CFR 260.15 - Renewable energy claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Renewable energy claims. 260.15 Section...MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.15 Renewable energy claims. (a) It is deceptive...product or package is made with renewable energy or that a service uses...

2014-01-01

384

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Report template version 1.3 #12;April 3, 2006 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University work sponsored by the Renewable Energy Trust (RET), as administered by the Massachusetts Technology

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

385

Time to stop experimenting with UK renewable energy policy  

E-print Network

Time to stop experimenting with UK renewable energy policy ICEPT Working Paper October 2010 Ref measures to promote the development of renewable energy technologies. It is focused upon technologies upon the international evidence base that has grown up around renewable energy over the last 20 years

386

Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44  

E-print Network

Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44 Ballot Information Shall the undergraduates and graduate students of UCSC amend Measure 28, the Renewable Energy fee passed in Spring 2006 as follows and purchasing renewable energy certificates to offset campus emissions. This is not a new fee, but an amendment

California at Santa Cruz, University of

387

Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang  

E-print Network

Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang Network Communications the hybrid renewable energy investment in the microgrid. We jointly consider the investment and operation that the demand response saves 18% of the capital investment, and hybrid renewable energy investment reduces

Huang, Jianwei

388

Building a "Margin of Safety" Into Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Building a "Margin of Safety" Into Renewable Energy Procurements: A Review of Experience purchasers and electricity regulators must confront the reality that signed renewable energy contracts will not always yield operational projects on the timeline given in the contracts themselves. Renewable energy

389

Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1  

E-print Network

Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1 , and Poul Erik Morthorst2 Risø for renewable energy are regionalised. Two theoretical examples are used to explain interactive effects on, e-ordination of support schemes for renewable energy technologies plays a prominent role at the European agenda (EC, 2005

390

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway  

E-print Network

#12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303 Conditions Affecting the Future of Renewable Energy in the West Executive Summary David J. Hurlbut, Joyce McLaren, and Rachel Gelman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. AROE.2000 NREL is a national

391

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive. Ray January 5, 2005 #12;Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

392

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Report template version 3.1.1 #12;November 20, 2007 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in the course

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

393

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive 20, 2005 #12;January 20, 2005 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable Energy

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

394

REEP-CERT 1 Renewable Energy Engineering and Policy Certificate  

E-print Network

REEP-CERT 1 Renewable Energy Engineering and Policy Certificate (REEP-CERT) Purpose This interdisciplinary Graduate Certificate in Renewable Energy Engineering and Policy (REEP- CERT) is offered-CERT will recognize the graduate student's interest and academic accomplishments in the field of renewable energy

Firestone, Jeremy

395

A Guide to Teaching Renewable Energy in Junior and  

E-print Network

and promotes energy solutions that are sustainable both environmentally and economically. More information in renewables. In 2002, renewable energy sources are scarcely more visible than they were 10 or 20 years ago in the development of renewable energy sources is spreading rapidly once again. Today, as a result of the 2000

Ohta, Shigemi

396

Utilization of renewable energy sources for power generation in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization of non-renewable energy sources not only results in environmental deterioration but also confronts us with the dilemma of a rapid rate of depletion of such resources, while renewable energy sources can serve us indefinitely with minimal environmental impacts as compared with fossil and nuclear fuels.This article deals with the extent of harnessing renewable energy sources for power generation in

Dawud Fadai

2007-01-01

397

Reconsidering public acceptance of renewable energy technologies: a critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Public acceptance is recognised as an important issue shaping the widespread implementation of renewable energy technologies and the achievement of energy policy targets. Furthermore, it is commonly assumed that 'public attitudes' need to change to make more radical scenarios about the implementation of renewable energy technologies feasible. This chapter critically summarises existing social research on the acceptance of renewable

Patrick Devine-Wright

398

Integrated transport and renewable energy systems B. V. Mathiesen*  

E-print Network

Integrated transport and renewable energy systems B. V. Mathiesen* Department of Development worldwide aim at reducing CO2 emissions and expanding renewable energy. A key element in achieving such a goal is to use renewable energy in transport such as biofuels. However, efforts to promote single

399

Turkey's Renewable Energy Sources: Part 1. Historical Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is accepted as a key source for the future, not only for Turkey, but also for the world. Turkey has a considerably high level of renewable energy resources that can be a part of the total energy network in the country. The main objective in doing the present study is to investigate the historical development of Turkey's renewable

ARIF HEPBASLI; ONDER OZGENER

2004-01-01

400

Exploring an integrated approach to utilize indigenous renewable energy to improve energy self-sufficiency and emission reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores an integrated approach to utilize indigenous renewable energy to improve energy self-sufficiency and emission reduction in the rural households of Guangxi province in China. A simple cost-benefit simulation model is constructed to (i) analyze the financial and environmental cost under the present rural consumption structure; (ii) analyze the economic and environmental cost and benefits of utilizing rural

Sufang Zhang; Liwen Fu

2011-01-01

401

Consortium for Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Consortium for Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET) is a project funded by the National Science Foundation that is working to promote renewable energy and environmental sustainability in an impressive array of ways. They offer a certificate in Renewable Energy Technology at colleges and universities across the Midwest, provide job reports and forecasts for renewable energy jobs, list an impressive store of resources related to all types of sustainable energy, and fund various projects supporting the same goal. All of these wonderful facets can be explored more thoroughly on their website. This is a great resource for students, teachers, and workers in the renewable energy field.

2010-01-27

402

Renewable energy sources 1991, part 3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Fourth International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources was held at Prague Technical University from 1-4 Jul. 1991. Part 3 of the proceedings contains a report on the conference and 10 contributions, of which 2 were inputted in INIS: one deals with the economic problems of wind-, solar- and oil-driven water pumps, the other deals with the decrease in sunshine brought about by the operation of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants.

Michalicka, L.

1991-12-01

403

Domestic hydrogen production using renewable energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief review shows that domestic production of hydrogen to fuel a car is feasible by using various means. Among these, the solar––photovoltaic electricity––electrolysis process seems to be the most practical if a renewable energy source is to be used. A simplified model has been developed to determine and optimize the thermal and economical performance of domestic photovoltaic-electrolyzer systems, either

E. Bilgen

2004-01-01

404

Electricity and Renewable Energy – Israel Profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Israel’s electricity sector faces the dual challenge of rapid economic growth – relative to most Western countries – and generation\\u000a capacity that is barely sufficient to meet current needs. Israel has been at the forefront of renewable energy development\\u000a for over 50 years, but, with the sole exception of solar water heating, has been unable to use these technological developments

Amit Mor; Shimon Seroussi; Malcolm Ainspan

405

North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industry Census 2008  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this report from the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association on renewable energy and energy efficiency in that state. The report focuses on data collected for the year 2008. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-03-15

406

Renewable Energy Planning: Multiparametric Cost Optimization; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a method for determining the combination of renewable energy technologies that minimize life-cycle cost at a facility, often with a specified goal regarding percent of energy use from renewable sources. Technologies include: photovoltaics (PV); wind; solar thermal heat and electric; solar ventilation air preheating; solar water heating; biomass heat and electric (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion); and daylighting. The method rests upon the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) capabilities in characterization of technology cost and performance, geographic information systems (GIS) resource assessment, and life-cycle cost analysis. The paper discusses how to account for the way candidate technologies interact with each other, and the solver routine used to determine the combination that minimizes life-cycle cost. Results include optimal sizes of each technology, initial cost, operating cost, and life-cycle cost, including incentives from utilities or governments. Results inform early planning to identify and prioritize projects at a site for subsequent engineering and economic feasibility study.

Walker, A.

2008-05-01

407

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to assess the feasibility of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. A solar energy project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of potential future energy savings, increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a solar project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Technical appropriateness; ? Solar resource characteristics and expected system performance; ? Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) economic assessment. The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to prepare a biomass resource assessment study and evaluate the feasibility of a bioenergy project on Community land. A biomass project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a biomass project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Resource analysis and costs; ? Identification of potential bioenergy projects; ? Technical and economic (levelized cost of energy) modeling for selected project configuration.

Rooney, Tim [Antares Group Inc.] [Antares Group Inc.

2013-10-30

408

Electrical energy consumption control apparatuses and electrical energy consumption control methods  

DOEpatents

Electrical energy consumption control apparatuses and electrical energy consumption control methods are described. According to one aspect, an electrical energy consumption control apparatus includes processing circuitry configured to receive a signal which is indicative of current of electrical energy which is consumed by a plurality of loads at a site, to compare the signal which is indicative of current of electrical energy which is consumed by the plurality of loads at the site with a desired substantially sinusoidal waveform of current of electrical energy which is received at the site from an electrical power system, and to use the comparison to control an amount of the electrical energy which is consumed by at least one of the loads of the site.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2012-09-04

409

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: 35 Years of Innovation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure is an overview of NREL's innovations over the last 35 years. It includes the lab's history and a description of the laboratory of the future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency. NREL's work focuses on advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to the commercial marketplace through industry partnerships. The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, a partnership between Battelle and MRIGlobal, manages NREL for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Not Available

2012-04-01

410

A Stochastic Calculus for Network Systems with Renewable Energy Sources  

E-print Network

We consider the performance modeling and evaluation of network systems powered with renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy. Such energy sources largely depend on environmental conditions, which are hard to predict accurately. As such, it may only make sense to require the network systems to support a soft quality of service (QoS) guarantee, i.e., to guarantee a service requirement with a certain high probability. In this paper, we intend to build a solid mathematical foundation to help better understand the stochastic energy constraint and the inherent correlation between QoS and the uncertain energy supply. We utilize a calculus approach to model the cumulative amount of charged energy and the cumulative amount of consumed energy. We derive upper and lower bounds on the remaining energy level based on a stochastic energy charging rate and a stochastic energy discharging rate. By building the bridge between energy consumption and task execution (i.e., service), we study the QoS guarantee under...

Wu, Kui; Marinakis, Dimitri

2011-01-01

411

Experimental study of using renewable energy in the rural areas of Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows the Ministry of Water Resources efforts to exploit the Sultanate's renewable energy. Groundwater from Heelat Ar Rakah camp's well was found unfit for consumption due to high concentrations of fluoride and hydrogen sulphide (H2S) gas. For the first time in Oman, solar power was used to run a reverse osmosis desalination plant to produce fresh water for

Ahmed Al Malki; Mohamme Al Amri; Hamoud Al Jabri

1998-01-01

412

Legal regulation of licensing renewable energy systems in Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The members of the European Union turned their attention to renewable energy sources because of increasing energy demand, decreasing inland fossil fuel supply, raising and variable energy prices and concern about climate change. Within the European Union Hungary is in arrears to the other members using renewable energy sources. The objectives of the Hungarian energy policy go by the energy

Eszter Uhrin

2011-01-01

413

WIRE: Weather Intelligence for Renewable Energies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energies such as wind and solar energy will play an important, even decisive role in order to mitigate and adapt to the projected dramatic consequences to our society and environment due to climate change. Due to shrinking fossil resources, the transition to more and more renewable energy shares is unavoidable. But, as wind and solar energy are strongly dependent on highly variable weather processes, increased penetration rates will also lead to strong fluctuations in the electricity grid which need to be balanced. Proper and specific forecasting of ‘energy weather' is a key component for this. Therefore, it is today appropriate to scientifically address the requirements to provide the best possible specific weather information for forecasting the energy production of wind and solar power plants within the next minutes up to several days. Towards such aims, Weather Intelligence will first include developing dedicated post-processing algorithms coupled with weather prediction models and with past and/or online measurement data especially remote sensing observations. Second, it will contribute to investigate the difficult relationship between the highly intermittent weather dependent power production and concurrent capacities such as transport and distribution of this energy to the end users. Selecting, resp. developing surface-based and satellite remote sensing techniques well adapted to supply relevant information to the specific post-processing algorithms for solar and wind energy production short-term forecasts is a major task with big potential. It will lead to improved energy forecasts and help to increase the efficiency of the renewable energy productions while contributing to improve the management and presumably the design of the energy grids. The second goal will raise new challenges as this will require first from the energy producers and distributors definitions of the requested input data and new technologies dedicated to the management of power plants and electricity grids and second from the meteorological measurement community to deliver suitable, short term high quality forecasts to fulfill these requests with emphasis on highly variable weather conditions and spatially distributed energy productions often located in complex terrain. This topic has been submitted for a new COST Action under the title "Short-Term High Resolution Wind and Solar Energy Production Forecasts".

Heimo, A.; Cattin, R.; Calpini, B.

2010-09-01

414

Residential Battery Energy Storage Systems for Renewable Energy Integration and Peak Shaving.  

E-print Network

??Renewable energy integration will become a significant issue as renewable penetration levels increase, and will require new generation support infrastructure; Energy storage provides one solution… (more)

Leadbetter, Jason

2012-01-01

415

Renewable energy policy and electricity restructuring: a California case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many countries are in the process of deregulating and restructuring their electric power industries. Although the introduction of retail competition may have negative impacts on the development of renewable energy, a number of countries are establishing new programs to support these clean energy technologies. In the United States, debate has centered on three primary renewables support mechanisms: (1) the renewables

Ryan Wiser; Steven Pickle; Charles Goldman

1998-01-01

416

Concentrating renewable energy in grid-tied datacenters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Datacenters, the large server farms that host widely used Internet services, account for a larger fraction of world- wide carbon emissions each year. Increasingly, datacenters are reducing their emissions by using clean, renewable energy from rooftop solar panels to partially power their servers. While some customers value renewable-powered servers, many others are indifferent. We argue that renewable energy produced on

Nan Deng; Christopher Stewart; Jing Li

2011-01-01

417

Div ision of T echnology, Industry & Economics Energy Branch Deploying renewable energy  

E-print Network

Div ision of T echnology, Industry & Economics Energy Branch Deploying renewable energy, Industry & Economics Energy Branch 1. Policy landscape 2. Helping transition to Renewable Energy 3 governments are promoting renewable energy. Renewable energy ­ Policy Landscape #12;Div ision of T echnology

Canet, LĂ©onie

418

Project Status: Hawai'i National Marine Renewable Energy Center  

E-print Network

Project Status: Hawai'i National Marine Renewable Energy Center Task 2: Test Site Development (2 Exchangers Test Facility Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. www.makai.com #12;3 OTEC benefits: Large Renewable

419

Northwest Energy Coalition Renewable Northwest Project Natural Resources Defense Council  

E-print Network

Northwest Energy Coalition Renewable Northwest Project Natural Resources Defense Council December 9 Club, Natural Resources Defense Council, Citizens' Utility Board of Oregon, and Climate Solutions Coalition [Nancy Hirsh] Renewable Northwest Project[Rachel Shimshak] Natural Resources Defense Council

420

Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA's Water Gap 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA's Water Gap 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 45 Renewable Energy and renewable energy to climate change impacts on water and agriculture sectors. Dr. Debele has published

Johnson, Eric E.

421

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Basic Energy Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers basic engineering science for understanding energy. Topics like force, energy, power, thermodynamics, the periodic table and stoichiometry are covered. A number of useful graphics are included to enhance the materials. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

422

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for chemistry and physics  

SciTech Connect

Information on renewable energy sources is provided for students in this teachers' guide. With the chemistry and physics student in mind, solar energy topics such as absorber plate coatings for solar collectors and energy collection and storage methods are studied. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

423

Solar energy education. Renewable energy activities for general science  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy topics are integrated with the study of general science. The literature is provided in the form of a teaching manual and includes such topics as passive solar homes, siting a home for solar energy, and wind power for the home. Other energy topics are explored through library research activities. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

424

Renewable Energy at NASA's Johnson Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Johnson Space Center has implemented a great number of renewable energy systems. Renewable energy systems are necessary to research and implement if we humans are expected to continue to grow and thrive on this planet. These systems generate energy using renewable sources - water, wind, sun - things that we will not run out of. Johnson Space Center is helping to pave the way by installing and studying various renewable energy systems. The objective of this report will be to examine the completed renewable energy projects at NASA's Johnson Space Center for a time span of ten years, beginning in 2003 and ending in early 2014. This report will analyze the success of each project based on actual vs. projected savings and actual vs. projected efficiency. Additionally, both positive and negative experiences are documented so that lessons may be learned from past experiences. NASA is incorporating renewable energy wherever it can, including into buildings. According to the 2012 JSC Annual Sustainability Report, there are 321,660 square feet of green building space on JSC's campus. The two projects discussed here are major contributors to that statistic. These buildings were designed to meet various Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certification criteria. LEED Certified buildings use 30 to 50 percent less energy and water compared to non-LEED buildings. The objectives of this project were to examine data from the renewable energy systems in two of the green buildings onsite - Building 12 and Building 20. In Building 12, data was examined from the solar photovoltaic arrays. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater system. By examining the data from the two buildings, it could be determined if the renewable energy systems are operating efficiently. Objectives In Building 12, the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays shows that the system is continuously collecting energy from the sun, as shown by the graph below. Building 12 has two solar inverters, located on the second floor, that collected the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays. The data displayed here is the total energy produced by the system. These are cumulative amounts, so the last point on the graph shows all of the energy collected from the system since the start of its operation. The data shown here was manually collected from the solar inverters. However, the data is also automatically recorded through EBI. Through analysis of both sets of data it was determined that the EBI data was faulty. For example, from the manually collected data it can be determined that a total of 73 kWh of energy was collected between the dates of 1/16/2014 – 1/22/2014. The EBI data reports that approximately 17800 kWh of energy was collected during the same time frame. Not only does this exceed the time frame examined, but it also exceeds the total energy collected from the start of collection as recorded from the inverters. This leads to the belief that there is a malfunction with the automatic recording of the energy. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater dating back many months and found that the pump for the solar water heater system was not operating properly, as exhibited in the graph shown below. The pump operates on a solar energy system, meaning that it collects energy throughout the day from the sun. Because of this, the system would stop operating shortly after the sun set because of a lack of sunlight. At that point, the graph should show a zero flow rate, but as exhibited in the graph below, that is not the case. It is clearly shown that the pump is continuously operating, even during the night. It was also observed that the majority of the time the pump would not turn on at all, despite good weather conditions. This led to the conclusion that the pump is malfunctioning, and needs to be examined and fixed.

McDowall, Lindsay

2014-01-01

425

76 FR 34684 - Offshore Renewable Energy; Public Meeting on Information Needs for Resource Assessment and Design...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Offshore Renewable Energy; Public Meeting on Information Needs for Resource...Conditions AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION:...

2011-06-14

426

Renewables portfolio standard: a means for trade with electricity from renewable energy sources?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the main support mechanisms for enhancing the deployment of renewable energies (RE) implemented in different industrialised countries. The focus is on the electricity sector, where deregulation and liberalisation has led to market opening and introduction of competition in the formerly strongly regulated power market. Under open market conditions, price regulation mechanisms in favour of renewable energies, which

Simone Espey

2001-01-01

427

Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

Grossman, Andrew James

428

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of April 1, 2003 to June 30, 2003. However, IEUA is preparing a Supplemental report that will be mailed to the Department of Energy (DOE) by August 1, 2003, that provides additional information regarding IEUA's plan to expedite certain project activities. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings, discussions, and engineering and design activities that took place to finalize the project scope of work and complete the Request for Proposal (RFP) for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. IEUA has decided to invite three more consulting engineering firms besides CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, to submit proposals for the design of the energy efficiency project. The proposals are currently in the evaluation phase and a decision is expected by the end of July. IEUA moved to its new headquarters building on June 13, 2003. The central plant is the system that supplies cooling and heating water to the headquarters building, and it primarily consists of equipment listed in the cooperative agreement under ''Chiller and Heater''. The central plant equipment was successfully installed and started. Other activities include gas analysis of three sources of low quality digester gas and foul air which could be used as fuel for an innovative flex microturbine. IEUA is also working with Stirling Energy Systems to determine if the Agency should be a host site for their equipment for testing the engine's operation on digester and natural gas. A matching funds update is also included in the Results and Discussion section, which presents the work effort performed by the PIER Consultant and the associated costs that serve as matching funds for the RP-5 Project during this report period.

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2003-07-28

429

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Alternative Energy- New Directions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers new directions for alternative energy such as thermoacoustics, thermoelectrics, magnetocalorics, sun heat thermochemical storage, liquid metal batteris and fusion. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-23

430

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Storage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy storage challenges. Some of the information includes details on ultracapacitors, flywheels, battery storage and other related technologies. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-22

431

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Wind Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers wind energy production and includes details on theory of operation, sizes and types of turbines. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-08-02

432

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name

433

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Strengthening U.S. Leadership information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name

434

Renewable energy and the atmospheric sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for renewable energy in social energy systems has grown in recent years. In the atmospheric sciences, the energy balances and dynamics in the atmosphere are studied on both local and global scales, and thus estimation of renewable energy is an important practical application. For instance, shortwave solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface is an essential quantity for evaluating the photovoltaic (PV) power generation. Indeed, shortwave solar radiation can be calculated by a radiative transfer solver and an accurate electromagnetic wave scattering theory. A beneficial application of atmospheric sciences is obtaining of solar radiation on the basis of geostationary satellite measurements. Such satellites provide data covering most parts of the Earth every 30 min to 1 h. Geo-parameters such as cloud and aerosol properties are needed for calculating the amount of solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface. Multispectral images acquired by geostationary satellites allow for such geo-parameters to be evaluated. Additionally, polar-orbiting Earth observation satellites are also needed for improving data analysis techniques. For instance, multispectral imagers (e.g., MODIS) and cloud radars (e.g., CloudSat) aboard polar-orbiting satellites can be used to reveal the relationship between multispectral imaging results and the vertical structure of clouds. The EarthCARE (JAXA, ESA, NICT) and the GCOM-C (JAXA) satellites that will be launched in the middle of 2010-era are also used for improving cloud and aerosol process. This paper presents a method using satellite data to evaluate the optical and microphysical parameters of clouds that affect solar radiation. Also presented is a method for evaluating solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface. A new research project in Japan, JST-CREST-EMS (Energy Management System)-TEEDDA (Terrestrial Energy Estimation by Diurnal Data Analyses), which was started in October 2012, is also introduced.

Nakajima, T. Y.; Takenaka, H.; Watanabe, T.; Nakajima, T.; Takamura, T.; Kurino, T.

2013-12-01

435

Barriers to renewable energy penetration; a framework for analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy has the potential to play an important role in providing energy with sustainability to the vast populations in developing countries who as yet have no access to clean energy. Although economically viable for several applications, renewable energy has not been able to realise its potential due to several barriers to its penetration. A framework has been developed in

J. P. Painuly

2001-01-01

436

Current status and perspectives of renewable energy sources in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using renewable energy sources is one of the crucial components of the sustainable development, giving rational economic, ecological and social effects. Developed countries notice the necessity of emission reduction from combustion of energy fuels processes and the necessity of seeking alternative energy resources. Support for development of the use of renewable energy sources became a very important objective within the

J. Paska; M. Sa?ek; T. Surma

2009-01-01

437

Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid"  

E-print Network

University of Hong Kong Email: {haowang, jwhuang}@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--Both solar energy and wind energy1 Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid" Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang are promising renewable sources to meet the world's problem of energy shortage in the near future. In this paper

Huang, Jianwei

438

1 INTRODUCTION Renewable energy is getting more and more im-  

E-print Network

1 INTRODUCTION Renewable energy is getting more and more im- portant as a solution for the climate); these two issues mine the reliability of the renewable energy. In this work, we deal with the first one of the energy source (the amount of energy daily available can vary a lot from one season to another at the same

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

439

History and potential of renewable energy development in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many years before greenhouse gas emission reduction became a major driver for renewable energy development, New Zealand was an early adopter of several alternative energy technologies, particularly hydroelectricity and geothermal energy. It has achieved a level of 60% of total electricity generation from such sources, and is now pursuing a target of 95% of electricity generation from renewable energy, to

Geoff Kelly

2011-01-01

440

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable  

E-print Network

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Postdoctoral Research Awards Research Areas Energy Efficiency: Buildings, Vehicles Renewable Energy: Hydrogen & Fuel Cells, Geothermal, Solar, Water · Yearly Stipend · Research and Travel Allowance · Health

441

A control methodology for renewable energy integrations in distribution systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a systematic control methodology for intermittent renewable energy integrations in low voltage distribution systems considering operating constraints and limits. An output feedback decentralized controller is synthesized for renewable generators using a linear quadratic robust control strategy. The change in volatile renewable generations is considered as an uncertain term in the design algorithm. The designed controller, for both

M. J. Hossain; T. K. Saha; N. Mithulananthan

2011-01-01

442

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Hydro Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers hydro energy, including tidal, wave and other sources of hydro energy. The presentation is quite extensive and includes a great amount of detail on this source of energy. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2013-07-25

443

Municipal bond financing for renewable energy systems: Community Renewable Energy Guidebook series  

Microsoft Academic Search

A general introduction to the financing of developing local renewable energy resources is presented. This handbook describes three major types of bonds: general obligation bonds, revenue bonds, and special assessment bonds. An innovative way to market bonds - directly marketed small-denomination bonds, or mini-bonds - is described. (MCW)

Levine

1981-01-01

444

Carbon credit of renewable energy projects in Malaysia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The introduction of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to Malaysia improves the environment of the country. Besides achieving sustainable development, the carbon credit earned through CDM enhances the financial state of the nation. Both CDM and renewable energy contribute to the society by striving to reduce carbon emission. Most of the CDM projects are related to renewable energy, which recorded 69% out of total CDM projects. This paper presents the energy overview and status of renewable energies in the country. Then, the renewable energy will be related to the CDM.

Lim, X.; Lam, W. H.; Shamsuddin, A. H.

2013-06-01

445

Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R&D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.

Ruth, M.; Antkowiak, M.; Gossett, S.

2011-12-01

446

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred during the award period. The RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project, under development by the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA), is comprised of a series of full-scale demonstration projects that will showcase innovative combinations of primary and secondary generation systems using methane gas derived from local processing of biosolids, dairy manure and other organic material. The goal of the project is to create renewable energy-based generation systems with energy efficiencies 65% or more. The project was constructed at the 15 MGD Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 5 located in the City of Chino in California where the Agency has constructed its new energy-efficient (platinum-LEED rating) headquarters building. Technologies that were featured in the project include internal combustion engines (ICE), absorption chillers, treatment plant secondary effluent cooling systems, heat recovery systems, thermal energy storage (TES), Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) secondary power generation system, the integration of a future fuel cell system, gas cleaning requirements, and other state-of-the-art design combinations. The RP-5 REEP biogas source is coming from three manure digesters which are located within the RP-5 Complex and are joined with the RP-5 REEP through gas conveyance pipelines. Food waste is being injected into the manure digesters for digester gas production enhancement. The RP-5 REEP clearly demonstrates the biogas production and power generation viability, specifically when dealing with renewable and variable heating value (Btu) fuel. The RP-5 REEP was challenged with meeting stringent utility, gas, power, and air quality rules and regulations. Coordination with the Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), Southern California Edison (SCE), and South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) was continuous and extensive. The interconnecting agreement and the permit to construct and operate were major obstacles despite the early start and coordination with the utility companies and regulatory agencies. The RP-5 REEP is part of a unique RP-5 Complex approach where several facilities are tied and connected with each other; where energy and gas can be transferred from one facility to another (see attached RP-5 Complex Ultimate Energy Balance Diagram). The REEP also incorporated new technologies, such as TES and ORC, along with using heat recovery for the platinum-LEED headquarter buildings heating and cooling via efficient absorption chillers. Through the conceptual design phase, numerous innovative technologies were researched and evaluated, with the most proven and efficient selected to be part of the RP-5 REEP.

Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

2007-06-30

447

Revised CTUIR Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This preliminary assessment of renewable energy resources on the Umatilla Indian Reservation (UIR) has been performed by CTUIR Department of Science and Engineering (DOSE). This analysis focused primarily identifying renewable resources that may be applied on or near the Umatilla Indian Reservation. In addition preliminary technical and economic feasibility of developing renewable energy resources have been prepared and initial land use planning issues identified. Renewable energies examined in the course of the investigation included solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, wind, bioethanol, bio-diesel and bio-pellet fuel. All renewable energy options studied were found to have some potential for the CTUIR. These renewable energy options are environmentally friendly, sustainable, and compliment many of the policy goals of the CTUIR. This report seeks to provide an overall review of renewable energy technologies and applications. It tries to identify existing projects near to the CTUIR and the efforts of the federal government, state government and the private sector in the renewable energy arena. It seeks to provide an understanding of the CTUIR as an energy entity. This report intends to provide general information to assist tribal leadership in making decisions related to energy, specifically renewable energy deve lopment.

John Cox; Thomas Bailor; Theodore Repasky; Lisa Breckenridge

2005-10-31

448

Renewable Energy RFPs: Solicitation Response and Wind ContractPrices  

SciTech Connect

As input into renewable energy policy discussions in Illinois, we have been asked to provide information on the results of recent, competitive solicitations for renewable energy, with a focus on wind power. In particular, this memorandum includes two pieces of information: (1) Publicly available data on the strength of response to recent renewable energy solicitations; and (2) Wind power purchase costs as revealed through actual power purchase agreements with electric utilities.

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2005-04-18

449

Wind energy: A renewable energy option  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wind turbine generator research programs administered by the Energy Research and Development Administration are examined. The design and operation of turbine demonstration models are described. Wind assessments were made to determine the feasibility of using wind generated power for various parts of the country.

Zimmerman, J. S.

1977-01-01

450

10 CFR 431.134 - Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...makers. 431.134 Section 431.134 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

2010-01-01

451

10 CFR 431.134 - Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...makers. 431.134 Section 431.134 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

2011-01-01

452

10 CFR 431.134 - Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...Uniform test methods for the measurement of energy consumption and water consumption of automatic...makers. 431.134 Section 431.134 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY...

2012-01-01

453

Public perceptions of energy consumption and savings  

PubMed Central

In a national online survey, 505 participants reported their perceptions of energy consumption and savings for a variety of household, transportation, and recycling activities. When asked for the most effective strategy they could implement to conserve energy, most participants mentioned curtailment (e.g., turning off lights, driving less) rather than efficiency improvements (e.g., installing more efficient light bulbs and appliances), in contrast to experts’ recommendations. For a sample of 15 activities, participants underestimated energy use and savings by a factor of 2.8 on average, with small overestimates for low-energy activities and large underestimates for high-energy activities. Additional estimation and ranking tasks also yielded relatively flat functions for perceived energy use and savings. Across several tasks, participants with higher numeracy scores and stronger proenvironmental attitudes had more accurate perceptions. The serious deficiencies highlighted by these results suggest that well-designed efforts to improve the public's understanding of energy use and savings could pay large dividends. PMID:20713724

Attari, Shahzeen Z.; DeKay, Michael L.; Davidson, Cliff I.; Bruine de Bruin, Wändi

2010-01-01

454

Distributed Renewable Energy Generation and Landscape Architecture: A Critical Review.  

E-print Network

??Governments and utility organizations around the world have mandated and provided incentives for new distributed renewable energy generation (DREG) capacity, and market projections indicate strong… (more)

Beck, Osmer DeVon

2010-01-01

455

Public opinion and communicative action around renewable energy projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates how rural communities negotiate the development of renewable energy projects. Public and local community acceptance of these new technologies in rural areas around the world is uncertain and spatially uneven and represents an area of emerging public policy interest and one where scholarly theory is rapidly developing. This thesis uses Habermasian concepts of public sphere, communicative action and deliberative democracy, as well as the concept of "wicked problems" from the planning studies literature combined with geographical concepts of place and scale to advance theoretical and empirical understanding of how public opinion on renewable energy technologies is formed in place. It documents energy use patterns, attitudes and socio-political relations at a time when considerable state and business efforts are directed at the construction of solar, wind, biomass and small-hydro technologies in rural regions. These concepts and theories are applied in a case study of rural communities in the Eastern Ontario Highlands, an impoverished area undergoing rapid restructuring driven by centralization of services and amenity migration but with abundant natural resources in form of forests, numerous waterways and open space which have attracted a broad range of new energy developments. Overall high levels of support for alternative energy development particularly for solar power were found, albeit for reasons of local energy security and not for reasons of preventing climate change. There was some evidence that seasonal residents are less supportive of hydro and biomass projects than permanent residents possibly reflecting broader trends in rural economies away from productive uses of land to consumptive appreciation of rural landscapes. The thesis suggests that collective action to advance energy projects in the case study area require agreement along three world-claims (truth, rightness and truthfulness) and that communication leading to discourse which uncovers hitherto hidden reasons for action is possible. These findings offer rare empirical evidence of the predictions of deliberative democratic theory in environmental planning settings. However, multiple barriers to communicative action were also identified and there is evidence that the state's reliance on market incentives may have long term costs in terms of diminished public reasoning around renewable energy.

Fast, Stewart

456

Turkey's Energy Production, Consumption, and Policies, until 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy has always been critical for economic growth and social development. As economies develop, energy consumption grows more or less in parallel. An adequate and affordable energy supply is needed to meet the demands of industry, commerce, and domestic users and to enable the movement of people and goods. In this study, Turkish energy production, energy consumption, installed electric power

M. Ozturk; N. C. Bezir; N. Ozek

2009-01-01

457

The Analysis and Assessment on Heating Energy Consumption of SAT  

E-print Network

The article introduced the fuel-energy consumption and outdoor temperatures of three heating terms from year 1999 to 2002 of SAT's fuel-boiler heating system. It demonstrated the relationship between the consumption and the temperatures by using...

Zhang, J.

2006-01-01

458

The RenewElec Project: Variable Renewable Energy and the Power System  

SciTech Connect

Variable energy resources, such as wind power, now produce about 4% of U.S. electricity. They can play a significantly expanded role if the U.S. adopts a systems approach that considers affordability, security and reliability. Reaching a 20-30% renewable portfolio standard goal is possible, but not without changes in the management and regulation of the power system, including accurately assessing and preparing for the operational effects of renewable generation. The RenewElec project will help the nation make the transition to the use of significant amounts of electric generation from variable and intermittent sources of renewable power.

Apt, Jay

2014-02-14

459

Optimal Renewable Resources Mix for Distribution System Energy Loss Minimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely accepted that renewable energy sources are the key to a sustainable energy supply infrastructure since they are both inexhaustible and nonpolluting. A number of renewable energy technologies are now commercially available, the most notable being wind power, photovoltaic, solar thermal systems, biomass, and various forms of hydraulic power. In this paper, a methodology has been proposed for

Y. M. Atwa; E. F. El-Saadany; M. M. A. Salama; R. Seethapathy

2010-01-01

460

Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solutions to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. That is why there is an intimate connection between renewable energy and sustainable development. Anticipated patterns of future energy use and consequent environmental impacts (focussing on

Ibrahim Dincer

2000-01-01

461

Bidding strategies for renewable energy generation with non stationary statistics  

E-print Network

Bidding strategies for renewable energy generation with non stationary statistics A. Giannitrapani to the integration of renewable energy sources into the electricity grid. This paper studies the problem of optimizing energy bids for a photovoltaic (PV) power producer taking part into a competitive electricity

Giannitrapani, Antonello

462

Scoping technology scenarios for a 100% Renewable Energy Rotorua  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a move towards the use of renewable energy internationally in particular in Europe. In the countries which have been successful, like Denmark and Germany, the increasing use of renewable energy has been through a multi-resource approach. In Denmark the development has happened with an increase in energy efficiency, more use of bioenergy, more use of wind power, more

J. Collins; Per S. Nielsen

463

Renewable energy in the South Pacific—options and constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last fifteen years the small island nations in the South Pacific have seen the introduction of various forms of renewable energy technologies. In spite of high expectations from the development of indigenous renewable energy resources using nonconventional approaches (wind power, wave power, ocean thermal energy conversion, biogas digestors, biomass gasifiers), these technologies have largely failed to develop into

M Jafar

2000-01-01

464

Renewable energy activities in rural Argentina — Educational aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Renewable Energy Training Project in rural areas of Argentina is ongoing with emphasis on the analysis of energy problem areas, the introduction of simple renewable energy systems such as wood stoves, solar cookers, dryers and stills as well as micro-hydro systems for providing electricity for small communities and photovoltaic systems for rural schools. An assessment has been made of

T. A. Lawand; J. Ayoub

1996-01-01

465

An agglomerative hierarchical clustering tool for renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wind power based energy generation technologies are intensively studied in renewable energy generation issues since last century. The main demands directed to a renewable energy source are being reliable, sustainable and low-cost. Several studies are performed to increase the efficiency of an installed wind power plants. The preliminary analyses such as geographical structures, climate conditions, and land topography should

Ilhami Colak; Ersan Kabalci; Mehmet Yesilbudak; H. Ibrahim Bulbul

2011-01-01

466

A review of renewable energy technologies integrated with desalination systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is an essential ingredient of socio-economic development and economic growth. Renewable energy provides a variable and environmental friendly option and national energy security at a time when decreasing global reserves of fossil fuels threatens the long-term sustainability of global economy. The integration of renewable resources in desalination and water purification is becoming increasingly attractive. This is justified by the

Mohamed A. Eltawil; Zhao Zhengming; Liqiang Yuan

2009-01-01

467

California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology  

E-print Network

California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program Advisory, Statutes of 2007) created the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (hereinafter "Program") to be administered by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission).1 AB 118 authorizes

468

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2010-01-01

469

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2012-01-01

470

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2014-01-01

471

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2011-01-01

472

10 CFR 451.4 - What is a qualified renewable energy facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false What is a qualified renewable energy facility. 451.4 Section...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.4 What is a qualified renewable energy facility. In order to...

2013-01-01

473

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2010-10-01

474

75 FR 6378 - Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership Covanta Energy Marketing LLC Covanta Power...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ER10-409-000, ER10-410-000] Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership Covanta Energy Marketing LLC...notice that, on February 1, 2010, Covanta Pylmouth Renewable Energy Limited Partnership, Covanta Energy Marketing...

2010-02-09

475

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2012-10-01

476

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2011-10-01

477

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2014-10-01

478

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and...

2013-10-01

479

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Integration #12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3305 303 and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC NationalRenewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NationalRenewable Energy Laborato Innovation for Our Energy Future

480

Role of Renewable Energy Certificates in Developing New Renewable Energy Projects  

SciTech Connect

For more than a decade, renewable energy certificates (RECs) have grown in use, becoming a common way to track ownership of the renewable and environmental attributes of renewable electricity generation. In recent years, however, questions have risen about the role RECs play in the decision to build new renewable energy projects. Information from a variety of market participants suggests that the importance of RECs in building new projects varies depending on a number of factors, including electricity market prices, the cost-competitiveness of the project, the presence or absence of public policies supportive of new projects, contract duration, and the perspective of different market participants. While there is no single answer to the role that RECs play, there are situations in which REC revenues are essential to project economics, as well as some where REC revenues may have little impact. To strengthen the role RECs play in both compliance and voluntary markets, there are a number of options that could be considered. In compliance markets, lawmakers or regulators would have to adopt measures that strengthen the role of RECs in the development of new projects, while in voluntary markets, it would be up to program leaders and market participants themselves to implement measures.

Holt, E.; Sumner, J.; Bird, L.

2011-06-01

481

Energy storage and its use with intermittent renewable energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple probabilistic method has been developed to predict the ability of energy storage to increase the penetration of intermittent embedded renewable generation (ERG) on weak electricity grids and to enhance the value of the electricity generated by time-shifting delivery to the network. This paper focuses on the connection of wind generators at locations where the level of ERG would

John P. Barton; David G. Infield

2004-01-01

482

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

Research Institute Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2004 Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute · Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 #12

483

Mining landforms - A renewable energy development opportunity  

SciTech Connect

A {open_quotes}landforming{close_quotes} land development opportunity unique to metals mining is described. {open_quotes}Landforming{close_quotes}, wherein the earth`s surface is reconfigured with mining waste rock and tails for the capture of renewable energy, is proposed by the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) to be ecologically acceptable and, in selected cases, economically superior to conventional mineral extraction, reclamation, and minesite abandonment practices. Landforming is primary land construction that uses mining waste and applies the principles of land overlay architecture. Landforms can be layered, shaped, and configured through the use of binders and plastic sheeting to the engineering specifications necessary for the support of physical structures and passage or retention of fluids. Landforms that are terraced and south facing (in the Northern Hemisphere) are an ideal mount for sun-tracking mirror (heliostat) arrays. In {open_quotes}blue sky{close_quotes}. solar-rich environments, the mirrors can be targeted on a common area to form a {open_quotes}solar furnace.{close_quotes} The heat generated at the focal point of the solar array can be used to flash generate steam and run a turbine electric generator. The solar steam power generation cycle coproducers distilled water that can be sprayed onto the surfaces of the landform to create {open_quotes}greenscape.{close_quotes} Waters not consumed or evaporated in the site greening process percolate into and are stored by the landform if it is underlain with plastic. The landform serves, in effect as a shallow aquifer. The terrace-landform development of mineral properties in remote, infrastructurally destitute areas creates renewable energy, sustainable, electric power-water {open_quotes}oases.{close_quotes} The landform development of mineral properties adjacent to metropolitan areas creates utilities expansions and recreational {open_quotes}greenspace{close_quotes} in areas of growing urban need.

Lombardi, J.A. [Bureau of Mines, Denver, CO (United States)

1995-12-01

484

Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai  

E-print Network

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort Vol.VII-2-4 Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai Xiaomin Yang Hongwei Tan Post-Graduated Professor Institute of Mechanics...& Engineering, Tongji University Shanghai, China yxiaomin0621@tom.com Abstract: This paper surveys the present situation of building energy consumption in Shanghai and points out the problems of insufficient energy consumption statistics based...

Yang, X.; Tan, H.

2006-01-01

485

The Energy Economics of Financial Structuring for Renewable Energy Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation focuses on the various financial structuring options for the renewable energy sector. The projects in this sector are capital-intensive to build but have relatively low operating costs in the long run when compared to traditional energy resources. The large initial capital requirements tend to discourage investors. To encourage renewable investments the government needs to provide financial incentives. Since these projects ultimately generate returns, the government's monetary incentives go to the sponsors and tax equity investors who build and operate such projects and invest capital in them. These incentives are usually in the form of ITCs, PTCs and accelerated depreciation benefits. Also, in some parts of the world, carbon credits are another form of incentive for the sponsors and equity investors to invest in such turnkey projects. The relative importance of these various considerations, however, differs from sponsor to sponsor, investor to investor and from project to project. This study focuses mainly on the US market, the federal tax benefits and incentives provided by the government. This study focuses on the energy economics that are used for project decision-making and parties involved in the transaction as: Project Developer/Sponsor, Tax equity investor, Debt investor, Energy buyer and Tax regulator. The study fulfils the knowledge gap in the decision making process that takes advantage of tax monetization in traditional after-tax analysis for renewable energy projects if the sponsors do not have the tax capacity to realize the total benefits of the project. A case-study for a wind farm, using newly emerging financial structures, validates the hypothesis that these renewable energy sources can meet energy industry economic criteria. The case study also helps to validate the following hypotheses: a) The greater a sponsor's tax appetite, the tower the sponsor's equity dilution. b) The use of leverage increases the cost of equity financing and the financing fee. c) Capital contributions by the sponsor are not relevant to the rate of return (IRR) over the life of the project. Overall conclusion is that financial structures can have a major impact on renewable energy, meeting energy demand in an economic manner. At the end, the dissertation lays down the foundation for future research that can be conducted in this field. Key Words: Renewable energy investments, structured finance, financial structuring

Rana, Vishwajeet

2011-12-01

486

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL's Campus of the Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL's Campus of the Future nation but the world #12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Campus facilities · Carbon neutral · Net zero energy · Living Laboratory #12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory

487

Policy profile: encouraging use of renewable energy by implementing the energy performance of buildings directive  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) paves the way for, amongst others, extra incentives for renewable energy, such as a 'renew- able energy' accreditation to accompany the energy certificate, or an explicit indica- tion of the share of renewable energy in the output of the energy performance calculation. This article seeks to appraise the possibilities

Milou Beerepoot

2006-01-01

488

A high frequency link multiport converter utility interface for renewable energy resources with integrated energy storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of renewable energy resources for bulk energy generation brings a requirement for energy storage systems to support intermittent renewable resources. Energy storage has many uses on the electric grid, and in those capacities renewable energy resources can be combined with energy storage systems. The circuit topologies to connect them with the grid are similar. This paper follows up

Joseph Carr; J. C. Balda; A. Mantooth

2010-01-01

489

Energy efficiency and consumption — the rebound effect — a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology policies are one of the options available for the reduction of carbon emissions and the usage of energy. However, gains in the efficiency of energy consumption will result in an effective reduction in the per unit price of energy services. As a result, consumption of energy services should increase (i.e., “rebound” or “take-back”), partially offsetting the impact of the

Lorna A. Greening; David L. Greene; Carmen Difiglio

2000-01-01

490

Purification of phenol with reduced energy consumption  

SciTech Connect

Phenol (10) produced by the cleavage of cumene hydroperoxide is chemically treated with a base (12) such as a polyamine, is optionally then treated with an acid or acid anhydride (15) such as phthalic anhydride, is then steamed distilled (12) to remove a lites fraction as a water azeotrope (21) and the bottoms (34) of the steam distillation are vacuum distilled (35) to recover high purity phenol (36) as an overhead. The overheads (21) of the steam distillation are condensed (22) and may be phase separated (23) into an aqueous phase (25) and organic phase (24), with the aqueous phase (25) mixed (26) with an organic solvent (27) which preferentially dissolves benzofuran impurities. This mixture is phase separated into an organic solvent phase (30, 130) and a recycle aqueous phase (31). Alternatively, the entire condensed overheads (21) may be extracted (146-151 and 153) with organic solvent. In some forms, the organic solvent phase (130) is washed with aqueous base (142) to remove phenol and impurities and the organic solvent (127) is regenerated for again mixing with the aqueous phase. In other forms the organic solvent is a portion (152) of the high purity phenol product (36). This treatment and careful control of the chemical treatment to minimize formation of benzofuran impurities reduces the steam consumption of the steam distillation step, thereby producing high purity phenol with reduced energy consumption.

Cochran, J.R.; Hollenbach, G.E.; Insinger, T.H.; Piskorz, R.F.; Smith, A.M.

1981-11-03

491

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC THE WESTERN WIND AND SOLAR INTEGRATION: Executive Summary Debra Lew and Greg Brinkman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task Nos and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory

492

Renewable energy technologies and its adaptation in an urban environment  

SciTech Connect

This general article is based on the inaugural talk delivered at the opening of OMTAT 2013 conference. It notes that the integration of renewable energy sources into living and transport sectors presents a daunting task, still. In spite of the fact that the earth and its atmosphere continually receive 1.7 × 10{sup 17} watts of radiation from the sun, in the portfolio of sustainable and environment friendly energy options, which is about 16% of the world’s energy consumption and mostly met by biomass, only a paltry 0.04% is accredited to solar. First and second generation solar cells offer mature technologies for applications. The most important difficulty with regards to integration with structures is not only the additional cost, but also the lack of sufficient knowledge in managing the available energy smartly and efficiently. The incorporation of PV as a part of building fabric greatly reduces the overall costs compared with retrofitting. BIPV (Building Integrated photovoltaic) is a critical technology for establishing aesthetically pleasing solar structures. Infusing PV and building elements is greatly simplified with some of the second generation thin film technologies now manufactured as flexible panels. The same holds true for 3{sup rd} generation technologies under development such as, and dye- and quantum dot- sensitized solar cells. Additionally, these technologies offer transparent or translucent solar cells for incorporation into windows and skylights. This review deals with the present state of solar cell technologies suitable for BIPV and the status of BIPV applications and its future prospects.

Thampi, K. Ravindranathan, E-mail: ravindranathan.thampi@ucd.ie; Byrne, Owen, E-mail: ravindranathan.thampi@ucd.ie; Surolia, Praveen K., E-mail: ravindranathan.thampi@ucd.ie [SFI Strategic Research Cluster in Solar Energy Conversion, School of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)

2014-01-28

493

Energy Storage Methods for Renewable Energy Integration and Grid Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inherent intermittency of the two fastest growing renewable energy sources, wind and solar, presents a significant barrier to widespread penetration and replacement of fossil-fuel sourced baseload generation. These intermittencies range from short term ramp events experienced by wind farms to the diurnal fluctuation of solar installations. In this paper, two options for short-to-medium term energy storage are presented: compressed

Dustin Shively; John Gardner; Todd Haynes; James Ferguson

2008-01-01

494

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2011-07-01

495

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2014-07-01

496

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2010-07-01

497

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2014-07-01

498

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2013-07-01

499

40 CFR 73.80 - Operation of allowance reserve program for conservation and renewable energy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...program for conservation and renewable energy. 73.80 Section 73.80...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.80 Operation...program for conservation and renewable energy. (a) General....

2013-07-01

500

40 CFR 73.81 - Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. 73.81 Section...SYSTEM Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve § 73.81 Qualified conservation measures and renewable energy generation. (a)...

2012-07-01