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1

Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

2012-01-01

2

Promoting renewed domestic energy consumption patterns with pervasive learning games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engaging computer games can have an impact on energy consumption patterns in the home. PowerAgent is a mobile pervasive game for Java-enabled mobile phones that has been designed to influence everyday activities and electricity usage patterns in the household. The game is connected to the household's automatic electricity meters reading equipment via the cell network and this setup enables us

Magnus Bĺng; Anton Gustafsson; Cecilia Katzeff

3

Renewable energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents summary data on renewable energy consumption, the status of each of the primary renewable technologies, a profile of each of the associated industries, an analysis of topical issues related to renewable energy, and information on renewable energy projects worldwide. It is the second in a series of annual reports on renewable energy. The renewable energy resources included in the report are biomass (wood and ethanol); municipal solid waste, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas; geothermal; wind; and solar energy, including solar thermal and photovoltaic. The report also includes various appendices and a glossary.

NONE

1997-03-01

4

Renewable Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Nine OECD Countries: Bounds Test Approach and Causality Analysis  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the short-run and long-run causality between renewable energy (RE) consumption and economic growth (EG) in nine OECD countries from the period between 1982 and 2011. To examine the linkage, this paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration test and vector error-correction models to test the causal relationship between variables. The co-integration and causal relationships are found in five countries—United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom (UK). The overall results indicate that (1) a short-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in Italy and UK; (2) long-run unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany, Italy, and UK; (3) a long-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in USA, and Japan; (4) both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany and UK; and (5) Finally, both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from EG to RE in only USA. Further evidence reveals that policies for renewable energy conservation may have no impact on economic growth in France, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain. PMID:24558343

Hung-Pin, Lin

2014-01-01

5

Renewable energy consumption and economic growth in nine OECD countries: bounds test approach and causality analysis.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the short-run and long-run causality between renewable energy (RE) consumption and economic growth (EG) in nine OECD countries from the period between 1982 and 2011. To examine the linkage, this paper uses the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration test and vector error-correction models to test the causal relationship between variables. The co-integration and causal relationships are found in five countries-United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom (UK). The overall results indicate that (1) a short-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in Italy and UK; (2) long-run unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany, Italy, and UK; (3) a long-run unidirectional causality runs from EG to RE in USA, and Japan; (4) both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from RE to EG for Germany and UK; and (5) Finally, both long-run and strong unidirectional causalities run from EG to RE in only USA. Further evidence reveals that policies for renewable energy conservation may have no impact on economic growth in France, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain. PMID:24558343

Hung-Pin, Lin

2014-01-01

6

Renewable Energy: Capstone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the culminating activity in the series of lessons on renewable energy. It serves to reinforce the idea that renewable sources of energy are necessary for a sustainable fuure, and to discuss some of the present impacts and potential drawbacks to renewable energy. In the activity, sudents will use online resources to research their present energy consumption and investigate whether it could economically be replaced by renewable sources.

John Pratte

7

An Integrated Geovisual Analytics Framework for Analysis of Energy Consumption Data and Renewable Energy Potentials  

SciTech Connect

We present an integrated geovisual analytics framework for utility consumers to interactively analyze and benchmark their energy consumption. The framework uses energy and property data already available with the utility companies and county governments respectively. The motivation for the developed framework is the need for citizens to go beyond the conventional utility bills in understanding the patterns in their energy consumption. There is also a need for citizens to go beyond one-time improvements that are often not monitored and measured over time. Some of the features of the framework include the ability for citizens to visualize their historical energy consumption data along with weather data in their location. The quantity of historical energy data available is significantly more than what is available from utility bills. An overlay of the weather data provides users with a visual correlation between weather patterns and their energy consumption patterns. Another feature of the framework is the ability for citizens to compare their consumption on an aggregated basis to that of their peers other citizens living in houses of similar size and age and within the same or different geographical boundaries, such as subdivision, zip code, or county. The users could also compare their consumption to others based on the size of their family and other attributes. This feature could help citizens determine if they are among the best in class . The framework can also be used by the utility companies to better understand their customers and to plan their services. To make the framework easily accessible, it is developed to be compatible with mobile consumer electronics devices.

Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Maness, Christopher S [ORNL; Kramer, Ian S [ORNL; Kodysh, Jeffrey B [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL; Steed, Chad A [ORNL; Karthik, Rajasekar [ORNL; Nugent, Philip J [ORNL; Myers, Aaron T [ORNL

2012-01-01

8

Renewable Energy Annual  

EIA Publications

Presents five chapters covering various aspects of the renewable energy marketplace, along with detailed data tables and graphics. Particular focus is given to renewable energy trends in consumption and electricity; manufacturing activities of solar thermal collectors, solar photovoltaic cells/modules, and geothermal heat pumps; and green pricing and net metering programs. The Department of Energy provides detailed offshore

2012-01-01

9

Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students are introduced to the five types of renewable energy resources by engaging in various activities to help them understand the transformation of energy (solar, water and wind) into electricity. Students explore the different roles engineers who work in renewable energy fields have in creating a sustainable environment – an environment that contributes to greater health, happiness and safety.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

10

Energy consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document examines energy consumption. The reading will explore energy consumption or energy usage in the United States and discuss specific topics such as (1) Who uses energy?, (2) Homes and commerce, (3) Heating and Cooling, (4) Lighting, (5) Appliances, (6) Appliance efficiency ratings, (7) Payback period, (8) Industrial sector, (9) Petroleum refining, (10) Steel manufacturing, (11) Aluminum Manufacturing, (12) Paper manufacturing, (13) Chemical Manufacturing, (14) Cement Manufacturing, (15) The Transportation Sector, (16) The Automobile, and (17) Commercial transportation (Trucks, Railroads, Planes, and Mass Transportation). The document also depicts illustrations of energy use percentages, lighting efficiency, energy guide, percentage of petroleum products, U.S. oil refinery operating expenses, reduction in energy use 1973-2003, average fuel efficiency of passenger cars, air transport passenger miles per gallon, and tractor trailer truck mileage. This resource is structured as an informational handout to supplement your energy activities or to generate discussion questions. Copyright 2005 International Technology Education Association

National Energy Education Development (NEED) Project

2003-01-01

11

Do biofuel blending mandates reduce gasoline consumption? Implications of state-level renewable fuel standards for energy security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an effort to keep America's addiction to oil under control, federal and state governments have implemented a variety of policy measures including those that determine the composition of motor gasoline sold at the pump. Biofuel blending mandates known as Renewable Fuel Standards (RFS) are designed to reduce the amount of foreign crude oil needed to be imported as well as to boost the local ethanol and corn industry. Yet beyond looking at changes in gasoline prices associated with increased ethanol production, there have been no empirical studies that examine effects of state-level RFS implementation on gasoline consumption. I estimate a Generalized Least Squares model for the gasoline demand for the 1993 to 2010 period with state and time fixed effects controlling for RFS. States with active RFS are Minnesota, Hawaii, Missouri, Florida, Washington, and Oregon. I find that, despite the onset of federal biofuel mandates across states in 2007 and the lower energy content of blended gasoline, being in a state that has implemented RFS is associated with 1.5% decrease in gasoline consumption (including blended gasoline). This is encouraging evidence for efforts to lessen dependence on gasoline and has positive implications for energy security.

Lim, Shinling

12

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

, reliable and affordable energy technologies to the marketplace; and, · make a difference in the everyday.S. Department of Energy #12;Renewable Energy Solar Biomass/Biofuels Hydrogen/Fuel Cells Wind/ Water PowerEnergy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Overview & A Perspective on Fuel Cell Technologies Dr

13

Funding for Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On May 25, 1999, the House and Senate appropriation committees cut funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs, while at the same time increasing funding for nuclear and fossil fuel programs. This move runs counter to the opinions of most Americans, according to a recent survey commissioned by the Sustainable Energy Coalition. According to the survey, Americans believe renewable energy and energy efficiency funding should be prioritized, while nuclear power and fossil fuel spending should be reduced. Following the budget changes, President Clinton issued an executive order for federal agencies to cut energy consumption by 35 percent of 1985 levels by 2010, as the federal government is the largest consumer of energy. Clinton also urged Congress to reevaluate and approve the 2000 budget funding requests for research to help American businesses use energy-saving technology. This week's In The News examines the recent federal decisions regarding energy use and technology; the eight resources listed provide background information on this important issue.

Schultz, Jennifer J.

14

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

Delgado, Mauricio

15

Warming to Renewable Energy: Policies to Promote Renewable Heat in the UK   

E-print Network

In 2009, the UK government set a target of achieving 15% of overall energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020, as part of the EU's goals of reducing emission levels within the EU and increasing consumption from renewable energy sources...

Hawkins, Henry R.

2012-01-01

16

National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future ponsorship Format Reversed Color:White rtical Format Reversed-A ertical Format Reversed-B National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future National Renewable Energy Laboratory

17

Renewable energy annual 1997. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data, as well as data on US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing activities. The renewable energy resources included in the report are: biomass (wood, ethanol, and biodiesel); municipal solid waste; geothermal; wind; and solar (solar thermal and photovoltaic). The first chapter of the report provides an overview of renewable energy use and capability from 1992 through 1996. It contains renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data, as well as descriptive text. Chapter 2 presents current (through 1996) information on the US solar energy industry. A glossary of renewable energy terms is also included. 15 figs., 42 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01

18

Learning About Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development and their mission is focused on advancing the U.S. Department of Energy's energy goals. As part of their mission, NREL provides educational and informational tools on their website and it is a great source of information on renewable energy basics. Topics available here include: using renewable energy, energy delivery and storage basics, advanced vehicles, fuels basics, and student resources.

19

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 #12;Authors was the result of hard work and valuable contributions from government staff and the fuel cell industry of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program for their support and guidance in the preparation of this report

20

Global Renewable Energy Projections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Projections are important tools for long-term planning and policy settings. Renewable energy sources that use indigenous resources have the potential to provide energy services with zero or almost zero emissions of both air pollutants and greenhouse gases. Currently, renewable energy sources supply 14% of the total world energy demand. Renewable energy is a promising alternative solution because it is clean

A. Demirbas

2009-01-01

21

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Summary of Input to DOE Request for Information DE FOA 0000225 DE-FOA-0000225 Greg KleenGreg Kleen GoldenGolden FieldField OOfficeffice GoldenGolden Field presented on these slides is from responses DOE received to Request for Information DE-FOA-0000225

22

Renewable energy utilization evaluation method in green buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing renewable energy (RE) is an important part of the design and development of green buildings. However, it is unreasonable to assess renewable energy utilization (REU) only with the net ratio of end-use energy provided by the renewable energy system to a building's total energy consumption, but ignoring the system efficiency of REU with the necessary extra conventional energy consumption,

Chunhai Xia; Yingxin Zhu; Borong Lin

2008-01-01

23

Renewable energy and telecommunications  

E-print Network

Renewable energy and telecommunications Case study: Energy Systems Week When AK Erlang first used fossil fuels and switch to renewable energy sources. But the unlikely convergence of the two fields lay to be able to deal with. "If we integrate renewable energies, such as wind power, in the electricity grid

24

The Renewable Energy Footprint  

E-print Network

With the shift toward renewable energy comes the potential for staggering land impacts – many millions of acres may be consumed to meet demand for electricity and fuel over the next 20 years. To conservationists’ dismay, the more renewable energy we...

Outka, Uma

2011-01-01

25

INFORMATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

ENHANCING INFORMATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT IN BRAZIL, CHINA, AND SOUTH AFRICA UNITEDNATIONSENERGYPROGRAMME #12;#12;Enhancing Information for Renewable Energy Technology Deployment in Brazil, China Palmer, JL Van Niekerk, Center for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies (CRSES) in South Africa E

26

Canada's energy picture: Prospects for renewable and nonrenewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canada's historical energy consumption, its current consumption and its likely requirements by the turn of the century are reviewed. It is estimated that up to 50% more energy will be required in the year 2000 than is consumed now. Both non-renewable and renewable energy resources are reviewed in the light of these future energy requirements and the need to substitute

1980-01-01

27

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Fourth Edition Manager Renewable Energy Office G. William Pennington Acting Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable of how the Energy Commission's Renewable Energy Program is administered and outlines terms

28

Renewable energy annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Annual 1995 is the first in an expected series of annual reports the Energy Information Administration (EIA) intends to publish to provide a comprehensive assessment of renewable energy. This report presents the following information on the history, status, and prospects of renewable energy data: estimates of renewable resources; characterizations of renewable energy technologies; descriptions of industry infrastructures for individual technologies; evaluations of current market status; and assessments of near-term prospects for market growth. An international section is included, as well as two feature articles that discuss issues of importance for renewable energy as a whole. The report also contains a number of technical appendices and a glossary. The renewable energy sources included are biomass (wood), municipal solid waste, biomass-derived liquid fuels, geothermal, wind, and solar and photovoltaic.

NONE

1995-12-01

29

National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Lab is the U.S. Department of Energy's premier laboratory for renewable energy research and development and a leading laboratory for energy efficiency research and development. The web site provides access to a large array of information that targets many different audiences. There are educational links and classroom activities and projects suited for audiences from primary education through college-level. Other features include information about different forms of energy, databases on renewable energy production, an extensive photo gallery, and information on current research and applications in energy efficiency and renewable energy.

2002-04-01

30

The state of renewable energy harnessing in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the state of renewable energy development in Tanzania and biomass energy supply and consumption. It also highlights the various levels of renewable energy programmes in the country and the Government strategy to improve renewable energy production and utilization technologies. A number of problems hindering the development of renewable energy technologies have been identified and discussed. Biomass accounts

Mohammed S. Sheya; Salvatory J. S. Mushi

2000-01-01

31

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Learning About Renewable Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) research into renewable energy technologies and provides information on energy efficiency and various applications of renewable energy. Topics include the major categories of renewable energy (biomass, geothermal, solar, and wind); how renewable energy technologies can be used by consumers and providers; and how renewable energy can be stored and delivered. There is also information on advanced transportation technologies and links to a variety of educational resources for students about renewable energy sources and technologies.

32

Renewable Energy Trust  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Renewable Energy Trust, which was created by the Massachusetts Legislature in 1998, is administered by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative, a statewide quasi-public economic development agency. The Collaborative "seeks to maximize environmental and economic benefits for the Commonwealthâ??s citizens by pioneering and promoting clean energy technologies and fostering the emergence of sustainable markets for electricity generated from renewable sources." The website provides information on the Trust's various programs and activities. The Energy Information section of the website provides more information about renewable energy and suggestions for what energy users can do as well as resources for teaching students about renewable energy and global warming.

33

Ris Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions  

E-print Network

hydropower (ap- proximately 2%) and biomass (a little more than 10%). Around 1% of global primary energy came.2 0.0% Biomass 48.3 10.4% Total renewable 60.9 13.1% Total global primary energy consumption 465.4 100Risø Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook

34

Renewable Energy in Alaska  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the opportunities, challenges, and costs associated with renewable energy implementation in Alaska and provides strategies that position Alaska's accumulating knowledge in renewable energy development for export to the rapidly growing energy/electric markets of the developing world.

Not Available

2013-03-01

35

Renewable Energy Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many ways the field of renewable energy technology is being introduced to a society that has little knowledge or background with anything beyond traditional exhaustible forms of energy and power. Dotson (2009) noted that the real challenge is to inform and educate the citizenry of the renewable energy potential through the development of…

Daugherty, Michael K.; Carter, Vinson R.

2010-01-01

36

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

37

2011 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &  

E-print Network

Renewable and Alternative Fuels ........................................................ XI Clean Energy2011 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Carla Frisch, Tien Nguyen

38

Programs in Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

Our nation faces significant challenges as we enter the 1990s: securing a reliable supply of competitively priced energy, improving the quality of our environment, and increasing our share of foreign markets for goods and services. The US Department of Energy's (DOE) Programs in Renewable Energy are working toward meeting these challenges by developing the technologies that make use of our nation's largest energy resource: renewable energy. The sunlight, wind biomass, flowing water, ocean energy, and geothermal energy that make up the renewable energy resource can be found throughout our nation. These resources can provide all the forms of energy our nation needs: liquid fuels, electricity, and heating and cooling. Renewable energy meets about 10% of our need for these forms of energy today, yet the potential contribution is many times greater. DOE's Programs in Renewable Energy are working side-by-side with American industry to develop the technologies that convert renewable energy resources into practical, cost-competitive energy. After a decade of progress in research, several of these technologies are poised to make large contributions during the 1990s and beyond. This booklet provides an overview of the renewable energy programs and their plans for FY 1990. Sources of additional information are listed at the back of the booklet. 48 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1990-01-01

39

Programs in Renewable Energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our nation faces significant challenges as we enter the 1990s: securing a reliable supply of competitively priced energy, improving the quality of our environment, and increasing our share of foreign markets for goods and services. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Programs in Renewable Energy are working toward meeting these challenges by developing the technologies that make use of our nation's largest energy resource: renewable energy. The sunlight, wind biomass, flowing water, ocean energy, and geothermal energy that make up the renewable energy resource can be found throughout our nation. These resources can provide all the forms of energy our nation needs: liquid fuels, electricity, and heating and cooling. Renewable energy meets about 10 percent of our need for these forms of energy today, yet the potential contribution is many times greater. DOE's Programs in Renewable Energy are working side-by-side with American industry to develop the technologies that convert renewable energy resources into practical, cost-competitive energy. After a decade of progress in research, several of these technologies are poised to make large contributions during the 1990s and beyond. This booklet provides an overview of the renewable energy programs and their plans for FY 1990. Sources of additional information are listed at the back of the booklet.

1990-01-01

40

Renewable Energy Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the trade association for the UK bioenergy industry, British Biogen's mission is to promote and coordinate the commercial development of biomass as a renewable fuel resource for energy production. British Biogen has merged with the Renewable Power Association. By clicking on the Renewable Energy tab, users will find information on the different subject areas. REA adds new information based upon what we discover and updates these subject fields.

41

Renewable Energy Technology Certificate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this framework for a renewable energy certificate. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

42

COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Lorraine Gonzalez Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency and Renewables Division Robert Oglesby

43

Progress in renewable energy.  

PubMed

This paper provides an overview of some of the key technological and market developments for leading renewable energy technologies--wind, wave and tidal, photovoltaics (PV) and biomass energy. Market growth, innovation and policy are closely interrelated in the development of renewables and the key issues in each area are explored for each of the main types of renewable energy technology. This enables the prospects for future development and cost reduction to be considered in detail. Key issues for policy are outlined. PMID:12605943

Gross, Robert; Leach, Matthew; Bauen, Ausilio

2003-04-01

44

2008 Renewable Energy Data Book  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Not Available

2009-07-01

45

Renewable Energy Policy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1995 with funding from the Energy Foundation and the Department of Energy, the Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP) has spent the past decade educating the general public about renewable energies. This is accomplished by providing competent and rigorous policy analysis about the myriad of issues surrounding the viability and sustainability of such energy sources. Visitors to the siteâ??s homepage will find clickable icons (such as those depicting wind, solar, and hydrogen), and they can discover the variety of resources associated with each type of renewable energy source. These resources generally include a brief description of the REPPâ??s work in each field, along with links to some of their more recent working papers and policy briefs. For persons who hope to join the discussion about some of these timely topics, the site also maintains a number of relevant listservs, such as those dealing with bioconversion and strawbale conversion.

46

Energy-consumption modelling  

SciTech Connect

A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

Reiter, E.R.

1980-01-01

47

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Flow Analytics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy flow analytics. Several useful graphics are included which provide data on energy flow and consumption as well as US transportation consumption. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

48

Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities  

E-print Network

Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities Andrew and intermittent nature of many renewable energy sources makes integrating them into the electric grid challenging-following loads adjust their power consumption to match the avail- able renewable energy supply. We show Internet

California at Berkeley, University of

49

Reducing theatre energy consumption.  

PubMed

As little has been written to describe the electrical energy required to deliver anaesthesia, we undertook to measure the total electrical energy consumption for a day's clinical anaesthesia. Daily energy consumption related to anaesthesia was measured with commercially available 'plug-in' power and energy meters, and additional in-use energy estimates were based on direct observation made in theatre and from measuring the power consumption of anaesthetic gas scavenging system (AGSS) pumps. Total energy use for anaesthesia per day was 28 kWh, and cost the modest sum of around pound 2.24 per day. Disproportionately large amounts of energy were required to run the anaesthetic gas scavenging pumps and the overhead radiant heaters. Energy saving can be safely obtained by switching off AGSS out of hours, and placing radiant heaters on timing or thermostatic controls. PMID:24697094

Pierce, Tom; Morris, Gemma; Parker, Beena

2014-03-01

50

Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile The research program of the Professorship of Renewable applied to renewable energy technologies. The fundamental research focus comprises high-temperature heat (radiative fluxes >10 000 kW/m2 ; temperatures >1000°C; heating rates >1000°C/s) + Renewable Energy

51

Learning about Renewable Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an introduction to renewable energy, discussing: (1) the production of electricity from sunlight; (2) wind power; (3) hydroelectric power; (4) geothermal energy; and (5) biomass. Also provided are nine questions to answer (based on the readings), four additional questions to answer (which require additional information), and…

Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

52

Renewable Energy Education Set  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kit demonstrates an entire miniature renewable energy system. Set includes a wind turbine kit, solar photovoltaic panel, an electrolyzer, a PEM fuel cell, and a hydrogen storage system. Helps students visualize the workings of clean energy principles. For grades 4-12.

1900-01-01

53

Renewable energy and utility regulation  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC'S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable energy technologies to evaluate their potential and extract key policy lessons from experience already gained in deployment of these technologies in numerous states. The main focus of this effort has been to clarify how utility regulators affect the development of renewable energy resources. The goal of the project was twofold: (1) identify the factors that have led to success or failure or renewable energy technologies in various energy markets, and (2) to develop an agenda on renewable energy and utility regulation for NARUC and the DOE. This report consists of three sections: renewable energy contributions, costs and potential; factors affecting development of renewable energy resources; and a renewable energy agenda for NARUC.

Not Available

1991-04-10

54

Renewable energy and utility regulation  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of a joint project on renewable energy of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the US DOE. NARUC`S Task Force on Renewable Energy conducted a review of the current state of renewable energy technologies to evaluate their potential and extract key policy lessons from experience already gained in deployment of these technologies in numerous states. The main focus of this effort has been to clarify how utility regulators affect the development of renewable energy resources. The goal of the project was twofold: (1) identify the factors that have led to success or failure or renewable energy technologies in various energy markets, and (2) to develop an agenda on renewable energy and utility regulation for NARUC and the DOE. This report consists of three sections: renewable energy contributions, costs and potential; factors affecting development of renewable energy resources; and a renewable energy agenda for NARUC.

Not Available

1991-04-10

55

Tribal Energy Program, Assisting Tribes to Realize Their Energy Visions (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

SciTech Connect

This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

Not Available

2013-06-01

56

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

of greenhouse gases and oil consumption. DOE Program Record #9002, www of fuel cells. Assisting the growth of early markets will help to overcome many barriers, includingW $65 $43 $26 $25 Balance of Plant ($/kW, includes assembly & testing) Stack ($/kW) Projected

57

Metering Best Practices Applied in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Research Support Facility: A Primer to the 2011 Measured and Modeled Energy Consumption Datasets  

SciTech Connect

Modern buildings are complex energy systems that must be controlled for energy efficiency. The Research Support Facility (RSF) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has hundreds of controllers -- computers that communicate with the building's various control systems -- to control the building based on tens of thousands of variables and sensor points. These control strategies were designed for the RSF's systems to efficiently support research activities. Many events that affect energy use cannot be reliably predicted, but certain decisions (such as control strategies) must be made ahead of time. NREL researchers modeled the RSF systems to predict how they might perform. They then monitor these systems to understand how they are actually performing and reacting to the dynamic conditions of weather, occupancy, and maintenance.

Sheppy, M.; Beach, A.; Pless, S.

2013-04-01

58

Renewable energy gets the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commonwealth Edison (ComEd) has been a major player in the efforts to make Chicago one of the greenest cities in the country. Through its many solar initiatives, it has committed millions of dollars to developing renewable energy technology throughout Chicago. A significant solar portfolio has helped Illinois rank fourth among US states in terms of installed solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity,

G. Martin

2003-01-01

59

Introduction to Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course model on renewable and sustainable technology. The course emphasizes energy consumption, efficiency, and conservation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Kox, Amy L.

60

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Sixth Edition Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Dave Ashuckian, P.E. Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director The California Energy Commission formally

61

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Fifth Edition Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Dave Ashuckian, P.E. Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director The California Energy Commission formally

62

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &  

E-print Network

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments Augustine of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Carla energy is one of the fastest growing renewable electricity technologies-- between 2000 and 2012, wind

63

Greening the Cloud Using Renewable-Energy-Aware Service Migration*  

E-print Network

of energy. Future energy consumption predictions of these data centers are even bigger concerns. To reduce. Renewable energy (re)sources (RES) (or green energy re- sources) have become an important factor1 Greening the Cloud Using Renewable-Energy-Aware Service Migration* Uttam Mandal, M. Farhan Habib

California at Davis, University of

64

Renewable Energy Sources in the European Union: Markets and Capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources (RES) are essential to tackle climate change. Renewable energy (RE) technologies are uniquely well suited to respond to the limitations of current patterns of energy generation and consumption, to complement existing energy production systems, and to contribute to the further modernization of the energy sector. On the other hand, climate change is a major challenge to sustainable

K. Kaygusuz; Ö. Yüksek; A. Sari

2007-01-01

65

Energy and resource consumption  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present and projected energy requirements for the United States are discussed. The energy consumption and demand sectors are divided into the categories: residential and commercial, transportation, and industrial and electrical generation (utilities). All sectors except electrical generation use varying amounts of fossile fuel resources for non-energy purposes. The highest percentage of non-energy use by sector is industrial with 71.3 percent. The household and commercial sector uses 28.4 percent, and transportation about 0.3 percent. Graphs are developed to project fossil fuel demands for non-energy purposes and the perdentage of the total fossil fuel used for non-energy needs.

1973-01-01

66

Renewable energy today and tomorrow  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is essential to our society to ensure our quality of life and to underpin all other elements of our economy. Renewable energy technologies offer the promise of clean, abundant energy gathered from self-renewing resources such as the sun, wind, earth, and plants. Virtually all regions of the United States and the world have renewable resources of one type or

STANLEY R. BULL

2001-01-01

67

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Economics and Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy economics and policy. Students will gain a better understanding of how energy policy impacts the environment, energy consumption and energy production. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

68

A renewable perspective for sustainable energy development in Turkey: The case of small hydropower plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy resources provide a large share of the total energy consumption of many developing countries. Turkey's renewable sources are the second largest source for energy production after coal. About two-thirds of the renewable energy produced is obtained from biomass, while the rest is mainly from hydroelectric energy. Hydropower is today the most important kind of renewable and sustainable energy.

Havva Balat

2007-01-01

69

Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies  

E-print Network

) Resource Availability Biomass Biomass is a broad category of renewable energy that can be well biomass, producing corn ethanol, and generating biopower. The renewable energy technologyRenewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies Renewable energy resources

70

Power electronics as efficient interface of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global electrical energy consumption is steadily rising and consequently there is a demand to increase the power generation capacity. A significant percentage of the required capacity increase can be based on renewable energy sources. Wind turbine technology, as the most cost effective renewable energy conversion system, will play an important part in our future energy supply. But other sources

F. Blaabjerg; Z. Chen; S. B. Kjaer

2004-01-01

71

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

A PROTOTYPE FOR ON-LINE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY BUILDINGS@univ-perp.fr Keywords: Renewable energies, energy performance indicators, monitoring system, smart transducers, control. Control algorithms are tested in simulation to improve renewable energy consumption while reducing fossil

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

78 FR 78340 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-12-26

73

77 FR 23224 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness in exporting renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-04-18

74

Renewable energy policies in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solution to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. Although, Turkey has substantial reserves of renewable energy resources, actual utilization of these resources are quite low.The aim of this study is to investigate the renewable

Durmus Kaya

2006-01-01

75

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Efficiency: Buildings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy efficient buildings. A breakdown of energy consumption by sector is included as well as the major concerns for residential and commercial building energy use. Useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

76

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

% of buildings meet the Guiding Principles for High Performance and Sustainable Buildings by 2015 Design all new a highly efficient way to use diverse fuels and energy sources. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Air Pollution, and Economic Performance Requires Agencies to: Set GHG reduction Targets Develop Strategic Sustainability

77

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

biomass & solar). · Potential U.S. employment from fuel cell and hydrogen industries of up to 925,000 jobs by the American Solar Energy Society www.ases.org/images/stories/ASES/pdfs/CO_Jobs_Final_Report_Dec ember2008.pdf · Eliminate need for space for battery storage and chargers · May provide substantial cost-savings over

78

Renewable Energy Research Planning for Renewable-based  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Planning for Renewable-based Energy Security and Prosperity in Humboldt County www.energy.ca.gov/research/renewable May 2011 The Issue Currently, the tools and models needed of the county, however, offers much potential. Many indigenous renewable energy resources, such as biomass

79

Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Renewable Energy Screening Assistant is a software tool to be used by energy auditors to prioritize future studies of potentially cost-effective renewable energy applications at federal facilities. This paper describes the structure and function of the tool, gives an inventory of renewable energy technologies represented in the tool, and briefly describes the algorithms used to rank opportunities by the savings-to-investment ratio.

Shelpuk, B [Natural Energy Resources Unlimited, Evergreen, CO (United States); Walker, A [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-10-01

80

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources, Northeast Utilities and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, RERL promotes education and research in solar and wind energy conversion technologies. The research program provides graduate students opportunities to develop a program of study and a thesis topic, at the M.S or Ph. D. level, in one of the currently active renewable energy research programs.

81

PYRAMID LAKE RENEWEABLE ENERGY PLAN  

SciTech Connect

The Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Plan covers these areas: energy potential (primarily focusing on geothermal resource potential, but also more generally addressing wind energy potential); renewable energy market potential; transmission system development; geothermal direct use potential; and business structures to accomplish the development objectives of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe.

HIGH DESERT GEOCULTURE, LLC

2009-06-06

82

Renewable Energy Certificate Program  

SciTech Connect

This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

Gwendolyn S. Andersen

2012-07-17

83

EDITORIAL: Renewing energy technology Renewing energy technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energy is now a mainstream concern among businesses and governments across the world, and could be considered a characteristic preoccupation of our time. It is interesting to note that many of the energy technologies currently being developed date back to very different eras, and even predate the industrial revolution. The fuel cell was first invented as long ago as 1838 by the Swiss--German chemist Christian Friedrich Schönbein [1], and the idea of harnessing solar power dates back to ancient Greece [2]. The enduring fascination with new means of harnessing energy is no doubt linked to man's innate delight in expending it, whether it be to satisfy the drive of curiosity, or from a hunger for entertainment, or to power automated labour-saving devices. But this must be galvanized by the sustained ability to improve device performance, unearthing original science, and asking new questions, for example regarding the durability of photovoltaic devices [3]. As in so many fields, advances in hydrogen storage technology for fuel cells have benefited significantly from nanotechnology. The idea is that the kinetics of hydrogen uptake and release may be reduced by decreasing the particle size. An understanding of how effective this may be has been hampered by limited knowledge of the way the thermodynamics are affected by atom or molecule cluster size. Detailed calculations of individual atoms in clusters are limited by computational resources as to the number of atoms that can studied, and other innovative approaches that deal with force fields derived by extrapolating the difference between the properties of clusters and bulk matter require labour-intensive modifications when extending such studies to new materials. In [4], researchers in the US use an alternative approach, considering the nanoparticle as having the same crystal structure as the bulk but relaxing the few layers of atoms near the surface. The favourable features of nanostructures for catalysis also recommend them for ethanol fuel cells, as demonstrated in the decoration of SnO2-coated single-walled carbon nanotubes with platinum catalysts by researchers in Canada [5] Interest in solar power received an enormous boost in the early 1990s when Brian O'Regan and Michael Grätzel published work on a new way to maximise the amount of energy harvested by colloidal TiO2 films with the use of a charge-transfer dye [6]. This approach captured attention across the community due to the large current densities, exceptional stability and low cost of the devices. This design has been modified since, using arrays of nanowires, where each nanowire provides a direct pathway to the collection electrode. In [7], researchers in the US investigate how arrays of vertical nanowires with controlled aspect ratios grow in solution, and how the nanowire aspect ratio affects the performance of nanowire-based dye-sensitized solar cells. A collaboration of researchers in China and Australia has considered how the cell performance could be improved by maximising the interface area between the indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-glass electrode and the oxide semiconductor. To this end, they synthesized arrays of ITO nanowires and ITO/TiO2 core-shell nanowires creating a three-dimensional electrode [8]. Quantum dots have also been incorporated into solar cell devices as they have higher extinction coefficients than metal-organic dyes and their size-dependent spectral responses allow them to be tuned to optimize their performance. Until recently, molecular linkers have been required to attach the quantum dots to the electrode, creating a gap between quantum dot and electrode that is thought to diminish cell performance. Researchers in Spain and Japan have applied a new technique that allows the quantum dots to be adsorbed directly onto the electrode, yielding significant improvements to cell efficiency [9]. Organic photovoltaic devices have also attracted considerable interest as a result of their flexibility and the ability to produce them at a low cost in large scales. While maximising cell effici

Demming, Anna

2011-06-01

84

Renewable energy perspectives in the  

E-print Network

Renewable energy perspectives in the mediterranean countries - the Mediterranean Solar Plan Dr=>role for RES-e Evolving renewable energy policy support frameworks in some countries Initiatives to improve Houda Ben Jannet Allal #12;OME Membership As of January 2012 #12;CROSS-ROADS FOR GLOBAL ENERGY MARKETS

Canet, LĂ©onie

85

Renewable Energy Introduction and Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) hosts this presentation from Roger Taylor of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory on renewable energy options including solar, wind, biomass, hydro and geothermal.Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

Taylor, Roger

86

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Priorities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students analyze real-world data for five types of renewable energy, as found on the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. They identify the best and worst locations for production of each form of renewable energy, and then make recommendations for which type that state should pursue.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

87

Renewable energy and the public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public acceptability is increasingly seen as a constraint on the exploitation of renewable energy. Despite the high level of support for renewable energy in general, attitudes towards specific projects among some parts of ‘the public’ can be more negative, and conflict can appear particularly within processes of planning approval. A review is provided of research into and experience of public

Gordon Walker

1995-01-01

88

Renewable Energy Alternatives in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook discusses the renewable energy resources suitable for use in Maryland. It follows a question and answer format with sections about the following alternative renewable energy sources; solar, wind, wood, water, bio-gas/methane, and geothermal. Each section includes a list of recommended readings, appropriate agencies or organizations,…

Welsh, Greg E.; McClellan, Deborah A. S.

89

Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) is a non-profit organization working towards standardization in policies, education, and information regarding sustainable energy. One of their goals is to introduce renewable energy as an energy option in cities across the United States. They fund and support many programs dedicated to this research, accreditation, and training. IREC also publishes newsletters, holds conferences and events for the industry. This website is a mine of information for teachers, students, and renewable energy enthusiasts wanting to learn more.

90

Renewable Energy in North Carolina  

Microsoft Academic Search

any factors influence develop- ment of renewable energy sources: a state's energy prices, energy infrastructure, energy demand, and energy intensity. Some encourage devel- opment, others discourage it. In the past, energy production in North Carolina has favored a dependence on imported fossil fuels. The dependence has been based on low energy prices, lack of statutory man- dates to encourage development

Diane Cherry; Shubhayu Saha

91

World Renewable Energy Network Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through its worldwide network, WREN advocates the utilization of renewable energy sources by promoting the technical education of scientists, engineers, and technicians in addressing the energy needs of both developing and developed countries.

92

Renewable energy in the Americas  

SciTech Connect

This article describes a meeting held for the promotion of development of international markets for renewable energy sources in Caribbean countries. The meeting was sponsored by the U.S. Export Council for Renewable Energy with support from the U.S. Departments of Commerce and Energy. The need to move away from dependence on imported oil for energy was emphasized by U.S. Senator Mark Hatfield, speaker.

Gadomski, C.

1989-09-01

93

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

Education Program, renewable energy, solar thermal, photovoltaic, biomass, fuel cell, geothermal, windDRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2010 ANNUAL REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE OCOBER 2010 CEC3002010010CTD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RENEWABLES COMMITTEE James D

94

DRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

, Senate Bill 1, Consumer Education Program, renewable energy, solar thermal, photovoltaic, biomass, fuelDRAFT COMMITTEE REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE NOVEMBER 2011 CEC3002011007CTD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RENEWABLES COMMITTEE Carla

95

Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

1 Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Renewable Energy *Preliminary draft, please refer fish and wildlife impacts associated with renewable energy development. The Council also received invasive plants as biofeedstocks. I. Summary A. Consider the effects of renewable energy development

96

Review of the Renewable Energy Target  

E-print Network

Review of the Renewable Energy Target Response to Expert Panel's Call for Submissions Paper #12;NSW Government Submission to the Review of the Renewable Energy Target, May 2014 2/20 Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................... 3 RENEWABLE ENERGY IN NSW

Peters, Richard

97

The future of energy, consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The consumption of energy is increasing at an ever-rising rate. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to the increasing energy demands of the nation and world. The article defines consumption for the students and discusses energy conservation. Students read that much of their energy consumption is shown to be energy wants, not necessarily energy needs. Thought-provoking questions afford students chances to reflect on what they've read about the consumption of energy. Links to PBS NewsHour articles about air conditioning efficiency and conservation using alternative energy sources are provided. Four energy-related links offer information about alternatives to air conditioning, energy-conserving landscaping, Energy Star appliances, and energy requirements of light bulbs. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Iowa Public Television. Explore More Project

2004-01-01

98

Renewable Energy Powers Renewable Energy Lab, Employees  

E-print Network

. NREL is also using solar energy for auxiliary purposes such as powering streetlights, water pumps and the lab's new entrance sign. An experimental 12-kilowatt rooftop solar system also feeds electricity back

99

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book  

DOE Data Explorer

The 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book is 128 pages of data in tables, figures and charts, and text. It provides a look at resources and usage for wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, hydrogen, and biopower. Developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), it was produced by Rachel Gelman, edited by Mike Meshek, and designed by Stacy Buchanan and Erica Augustine and released in October, 2013. Report number for this data book is DOE/GO-102013-4291.

100

Developing Government Renewable Energy Projects  

SciTech Connect

The US Army Corps of Engineers has retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a study of past INL experiences and complete a report that identifies the processes that are needed for the development of renewable energy projects on government properties. The INL has always maintained expertise in power systems and applied engineering and INL’s renewable energy experiences date back to the 1980’s when our engineers began performing US Air Force wind energy feasibility studies and development projects. Over the last 20+ years of working with Department of Defense and other government agencies to study, design, and build government renewable projects, INL has experienced the do’s and don’ts for being successful with a project. These compiled guidelines for government renewable energy projects could include wind, hydro, geothermal, solar, biomass, or a variety of hybrid systems; however, for the purpose of narrowing the focus of this report, wind projects are the main topic discussed throughout this report. It is our thought that a lot of what is discussed could be applied, possibly with some modifications, to other areas of renewable energy. It is also important to note that individual projects (regardless the type) vary to some degree depending on location, size, and need but in general these concepts and directions can be carried over to the majority of government renewable energy projects. This report focuses on the initial development that needs to occur for any project to be a successful government renewable energy project.

Kurt S. Myers; Thomas L. Baldwin; Jason W. Bush; Jake P. Gentle

2012-07-01

101

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01

102

2009 Renewable Energy Data Book AUGUST 2010  

E-print Network

2009 Renewable Energy Data Book AUGUST 2010 Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12 Buchanan of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Mike © 2010 U.S. Department of Energy #12;Key Findings · Although renewable energy (excluding hydropower

103

US Electrical Energy Consumption  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of annual electrical consumption by state in gigaWatt-hours (gWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider the carbon dioxide produced as a result of this consumption. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change.

2012-08-03

104

Solar Renewable Energy. Teaching Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit develops the concept of solar energy as a renewable resource. It includes: (1) an introductory section (developing understandings of photosynthesis and impact of solar energy); (2) information on solar energy use (including applications and geographic limitations of solar energy use); and (3) future considerations of solar energy

Buchanan, Marion; And Others

105

Renewable energy opportunities in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapid growth in economic development coupled with the absence of an electric grid in large areas of rural China have created a need for new energy sources both in urban centers and the rural countryside. Electric capacity expansion plans call for increased use of coal-fired steam turbines for electricity production that will contribute to increased concerns over environmental pollution. China is rich in renewable energy resources, strategically located in areas of greatest need and economic viability. China is also already one of the world's largest users of renewables, especially hydro, wind, biomass, and solar thermal, and has significant experience with photovoltaics, geothermal and other technologies. The use of renewable energy is being encouraged in expanded programs at the central and provincial government levels, with growing private sector involvement. These conditions create opportunities for U.S. business participation in renewable energy markets in China.

Wallace, William L.; Simon Tsuo, Y.

1996-01-01

106

Jobs and Renewable Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

Early in 2002, REPP developed the Jobs Calculator, a tool that calculates the number of direct jobs resulting from renewable energy development under RPS (Renewable Portfolio Standard) legislation or other programs to accelerate renewable energy development. The calculator is based on a survey of current industry practices to assess the number and type of jobs that will result from the enactment of a RPS. This project built upon and significantly enhanced the initial Jobs Calculator model by (1) expanding the survey to include other renewable technologies (the original model was limited to wind, solar PV and biomass co-firing technologies); (2) more precisely calculating the economic development benefits related to renewable energy development; (3) completing and regularly updating the survey of the commercially active renewable energy firms to determine kinds and number of jobs directly created; and (4) developing and implementing a technology to locate where the economic activity related to each type of renewable technology is likely to occur. REPP worked directly with groups in the State of Nevada to interpret the results and develop policies to capture as much of the economic benefits as possible for the state through technology selection, training program options, and outreach to manufacturing groups.

Sterzinger, George

2006-12-19

107

2011 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2011 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Gelman, R.

2012-10-01

108

2009 Renewable Energy Data Book, August 2010  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Not Available

2010-08-01

109

2010 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

Gelman, R.

2011-10-01

110

Energy 5: Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video distinguishes between renewable and non-renewable energy resources. It examines the question, "How long to do we have before we exhaust non-renewable resources?" It also looks at alternatives to non-renewable energy resources. This video is part of the Sustainability Learning Suites, made possible in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. See 'Learn more about this resource' for Learning Objectives and Activities.

2012-12-19

111

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) promotes its research to "secure an energy future for the nation that is environmentally and economically sustainable." The website summaries the Laboratory's variety of research and technology including photovoltaics, wind, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydrogen and fuel cells. Visitors can find out the latest NREL news and events. Visitors can locate materials about renewable energy and energy efficiency. The Publications Database offers references to a wide range of documents about sustainable energy technologies written or edited by NREL.

112

Mainstreaming New Renewable Energy Technologies  

E-print Network

future demand for renewable energy technologies, but also make investors more confident about this future demand and profit opportunity. Thus, international cooperation on internalisation of externalities might direct private money and expertise... observed in the pharmaceutical industry, with the additional benefit that inappropriate usage of renewable energy technologies does not create negative externalities on other countries (e.g. no devel opment of resistant bacteria, nuclear accidents...

Neuhoff, Karsten; Sellers, Rick

113

Exceeding Energy Consumption Design Expectations  

E-print Network

case study new 'energy efficient' fully air conditioned office building has been monitored since occupation in June 2010 to observe the difference between operational energy consumption and design targets. In the first full year of operation (2011...

Castleton, H. F.; Beck, S. B. M.; Hathwat, E. A.; Murphy, E.

2013-01-01

114

Energy consumption of building 39  

E-print Network

The MIT community has embarked on an initiative to the reduce energy consumption and in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. This thesis seeks to further expand our understanding of how the MIT campus consumes energy and ...

Hopeman, Lisa Maria

2007-01-01

115

Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe Vienna University of Technology I Energiepark Bruck/Leitha  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER Vienna University on the consumption of energy. However, this system is currently not sustainable. Renewable energy sources as well. The objective of the postgraduate MSc Program "Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe" is, to contribute

Szmolyan, Peter

116

Renewable Energy in Rangan Banerjee  

E-print Network

Energy Solar Thermal Solar Photovoltaic Geothermal* #12;Applications Power Generation Cooking Heating-Water Distributed Generation Isolated Demand Side Management (Solar Water Heater, Passive Solar) #12;Geothermal #12;Renewable Energy Options Wind Solar Small Hydro Biomass Tidal Energy Wave Energy Ocean Thermal

Banerjee, Rangan

117

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Introduction and Energy Statistical Data Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document includes an overview of energy, details on US and world energy consumption statistics as well as alternative and renewable energy statistics. The material includes useful data and a number of graphical representations of the information. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

118

77 FR 32531 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-06-01

119

76 FR 54431 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-09-01

120

77 FR 6783 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2012-02-09

121

78 FR 48855 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-08-12

122

78 FR 69370 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-11-19

123

78 FR 2952 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-01-15

124

75 FR 70214 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2010-11-17

125

76 FR 7815 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...the competitiveness of U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-02-11

126

78 FR 20896 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2013-04-08

127

76 FR 44576 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-07-26

128

Renewable energy sources in Bulgaria: Current state and trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

The over-dependency of Bulgaria on imported fuel stressed the importance of developing a new energy strategy based on energy saving which includes also using renewable energy sources (RES). The target is the substitution of at least 2 percent of the real primary energy consumption with RES by 2010. The author gives a generalized analysis of the available RES in Bulgaria

K. Kolev

1994-01-01

129

2012 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2012 provides facts and figures in a graphical format on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

Gelman, R.

2013-10-01

130

OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

© OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy Outlook 2030-2050 Paolo Frankl Head, Renewable Energy 2030 2035 TWh Coal Renewables Gas Nuclear Oil Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2012 New Policies important renewable energy source in industry in 2050 solar thermal contributes mainly to low

Canet, LĂ©onie

131

2013 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)  

SciTech Connect

This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2013 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

Esterly, S.

2014-12-01

132

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates  

SciTech Connect

This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy policy drivers. It also discusses lessons learned, challenges, ideal applications, keys to success, and complementary and alternative policies. Results indicate that rebate programs can have a strong deployment impact on emerging renewable energy markets. This report focuses on renewable energy rebate programs, which are being analyzed as part of the State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project. SCEPA is being used to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states.

Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

2009-03-01

133

Evaluation of Renewable Energy Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents first results of an empirical ex-ante analysis which evaluates the effects of possible renewable energy policies in the Polish bioenergy sector applying an Applied General Equilibrium model. [n the model, producers respond to changes in market prices of different energy goods adjusting their output level and mix, and inputs demand. Consumers respond to the changes in energy

DArtis Kancs

2006-01-01

134

Renewable energy - Target for 2050  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibilities of various renewable energy technologies to supply a projected world demand for 40,000 GW years of energy each year by the year 2050 are examined. Noting that industrial processes consume 50% of all energy needs, fossil fuel reserves are shown to be sufficient for a maximum of 370 yr in the U.S., when all supplies become depleted. Breeder

W. D. Rowe

1982-01-01

135

Renewable Energy and Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued the Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) at http://srren.ipcc-wg3.de/ (May 2011 electronic version; printed form ISBN 978-1-107-60710-1, 2012). More than 130 scientists contributed to the report.* The SRREN assessed existing literature on the future potential of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change within a portfolio of mitigation options including energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuel switching, RE, nuclear and carbon capture and storage (CCS). It covers the six most important renewable energy technologies - bioenergy, direct solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind, as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It also takes into consideration the environmental and social consequences associated with these technologies, the cost and strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion.

Chum, H. L.

2012-01-01

136

Social impacts of community renewable energy projects: findings from a woodfuel case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is much current interest in the potential of community-based renewable energy projects to contribute to transition towards low carbon energy systems. As well as displacing fossil fuel consumption by increasing renewable energy generation, projects are expected to have a range of social impacts which may result in additional positive sustainability outcomes. These include potential to increase: acceptance of renewable

Jennifer C. Rogers; Eunice A. Simmons; Ian Convery; Andrew Weatherall

2012-01-01

137

76 FR 26695 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...hear briefings on the state of renewable energy finance and to discuss the...

2011-05-09

138

Langston Hughes Elementary School Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

efficiency into construction or renovation planning, can be found in Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New1 Langston Hughes Elementary School Reversed White Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Building Energy-Efficient Schools in New Orleans Lessons

139

Renewable energy in India: Status and potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

A majority of the Indian population does not have access to convenient energy services (LPG, electricity). Though India has made significant progress in renewable energy, the share of modern renewables in the energy mix is marginal. This paper reviews the status and potential of different renewables (except biomass) in India. This paper documents the trends in the growth of renewables

Indu R. Pillai; Rangan Banerjee

2009-01-01

140

Renewable Energy Resources in the United Kingdom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper defines renewable energy and outlines possible sources of this energy. Supplies, and ethics are considered. The position of renewable energy sources in the energy policy of Great Britain are discussed. (CW)

Roberts, Michael J.; Thomas, M. Pugh

1990-01-01

141

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Capabilities  

E-print Network

to market viable alternative energy solutions. NREL's world-leading energy decisionNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Capabilities Overview The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's primary laboratory

142

Renewable Energy Glossary of Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for the Advancement of Process Technology (CAPT) has created this 22-page glossary of renewable energy terms which was "taken in part from the EPA and the Energy Information Administrations web site, and provides definitions of a number of important terms associated with power generation technologies and their environmental impacts, including definitions of specific pollutants, technologies, and the key terms related to the electric power marketplace." From acid rain to wood pellets, the terms are defined as they relate to renewable energy development and applications.

143

Renewable Energy Opportunity Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Presently, the US EPA is constructing a new complex at Research Triangle Park, North Carolina to consolidate its research operations in the Raleigh-Durham area. The National Computer Center (NCC) is currently in the design process and is planned for construction as partof this complex. Implementation of the new technologies can be planned as part of the normal construction process, and full credit for elimination of the conventional technologies can be taken. Several renewable technologies are specified in the current plans for the buildings. The objective of this study is to identify measures that are likely to be both technically and economically feasible.

Hancock, E.; Mas, C.

1998-11-13

144

Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Conversion Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Renewable energy sources are those sources that are regenerative or can provide energy, for all practical purposes, indefinitely.\\u000a These include solar, wind, geothermal, tidal, wave, hydropower and biomass.

Said Al-Hallaj; Kristofer Kiszynski

145

Tribal Renewable Energy – Final Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

DOE\\/CERT Cooperative Agreement has demonstrated that Indian Tribes are ready to undertake the positive steps in developing their internal governmental capacities in program planning and project development as well as the enterprise management capability to undertake the development of their substantial natural base of renewable energy resources and to learn the basic technologies in wind, solar, bio-mass and alternative energy

A. David Lester

2008-01-01

146

Issues in Renewable Energy Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy education is evolving rapidly in response to drivers such as oil depletion and global warming. There is a rapidly increasing level of student interest in these topics and a growing demand from industry and government for skilled personnel to develop sustainable energy systems and greenhouse solutions. Several Australian and New…

Thomas, Chacko; Jennings, Philip; Lloyd, Bob

2008-01-01

147

Monitoring Energy Consumption of Smartphones  

E-print Network

With the rapid development of new and innovative applications for mobile devices like smartphones, advances in battery technology have not kept pace with rapidly growing energy demands. Thus energy consumption has become a more and more important issue of mobile devices. To meet the requirements of saving energy, it is critical to monitor and analyze the energy consumption of applications on smartphones. For this purpose, we develop a smart energy monitoring system called SEMO for smartphones using Android operating system. It can profile mobile applications with battery usage information, which is vital for both developers and users.

Ding, Fangwei; Zhang, Wei; Zhao, Xuhai; Ma, Chengchuan

2012-01-01

148

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM QUARTERLY REPORT TO THE  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM QUARTERLY REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE January #12;1 California Energy Commission's Quarterly Report Regarding the Renewable Energy Program (January to the Legislature on the Renewable Energy Program, covering the period January 1 to March 31, 2002. The Energy

149

The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program  

E-print Network

and for the practical generation, storage, and delivery of hydrogen as an energy carrier. Biomass: Evaluating biomassThe Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program develops sustainable energy technologies is committed to expanding energy resource options and to improving efficiency in every element of energy

150

Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates?  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy certificates (RECs) are tradable instruments that convey the attributes of a renewable energy generator and the right to make certain claims about energy purchases. RECs first appeared in US markets in the late 1990s and are particularly important in states that accept or require them as evidence of compliance with renewables portfolio standards (RPS). The emergence of RECs as a tradable commodity has made utilities, generators, and regulators increasingly aware of the need to specify who owns the RECs in energy transactions. In voluntary transactions, most agree that the question of REC ownership can and should be negotiated privately between the buyer and the seller, and should be clearly established by contract. Claims about purchasing or using renewable energy should only be made if REC ownership can be documented. In many other cases, however, renewable energy transactions are either mandated or encouraged through state or federal policy. Because of the recent appearance of RECs, legislation and regulation mandating the purchase of renewable energy has sometimes been silent on the disposition of the RECs associated with that generation. Furthermore, some renewable energy contracts pre-date the existence of RECs, and therefore do not address REC ownership. In both of these instances, the issue of REC ownership must often be answered by legislative or regulatory authorities. The resulting uncertainty in REC ownership has hindered the development of robust REC markets and has, in some cases, led to contention between buyers and sellers of renewable generation. This article, which is based on a longer Berkeley Lab report, reviews federal and state efforts to clarify the ownership of RECs from Qualifying Facilities (QFs) that sell their generation under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978. The full report also addresses state efforts to clarify REC ownership in two other situations, customer-owned generation that benefits from state net metering rules, and generation facilities that receive financial incentives from state or utility funds. The issue of REC ownership most often arises in states that have adopted an RPS. In such states, both parties to QF contracts have a lot at stake: either additional cost to a utility if RECs are awarded to the QF, or loss of value to the QF if RECs are awarded to the utility. As a rough estimate, QF RECs that are eligible for state RPS programs could have a value between $35 million and $175 million, so there is significant economic value riding on the ownership question.

Holt, Edward; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2006-06-01

151

Renewable energy in Indian country  

SciTech Connect

On June 25--27, 1995, at Mesa Verde National Park in southwestern Colorado, the Center for Resource Management (CRM), organized and sponsored a conference in conjunction with the Navajo Nation, EPA, and Bechtel Group, Inc., to deal with issues associated with developing renewable energy resources on Indian lands. Due to the remoteness of many reservation homes and the cost of traditional power line extensions, a large percentage of the Indian population is today without electricity or other energy services. In addition, while they continue to develop energy resources for export, seeing only minimal gain in their own economies, Indian people are also subject to the health and environmental consequences associated with proximity to traditional energy resource development. Renewable energy technologies, on the other hand, are often ideally suited to decentralized, low-density demand. These technologies--especially solar and wind power--have no adverse health impacts associated with generation, are relatively low cost, and can be used in applications as small as a single home, meeting power needs right at a site. Their minimal impact on the environment make them particularly compatible with American Indian philosophies and lifestyles. Unfortunately, the match between renewable energy and Indian tribes has been hampered by the lack of a comprehensive, coordinated effort to identify renewable energy resources located on Indian lands, to develop practical links between Indian people`s needs and energy producers, and to provide the necessary training for tribal leaders and members to plan, implement, and maintain renewable energy systems. Summaries of the presentations are presented.

NONE

1995-12-31

152

The potential of renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

On June 27 and 28, 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories were convened to discuss plans for the development of a National Energy Strategy (NES) and, in particular, the analytic needs in support of NES that could be addressed by the laboratories. As a result of that meeting, interlaboratory teams were formed to produce analytic white papers on key topics, and a lead laboratory was designated for each core laboratory team. The broad-ranging renewables assignment is summarized by the following issue statement from the Office of Policy, Planning and Analysis: to what extent can renewable energy technologies contribute to diversifying sources of energy supply What are the major barriers to greater renewable energy use and what is the potential timing of widespread commercialization for various categories of applications This report presents the results of the intensive activity initiated by the June 1989 meeting to produce a white paper on renewable energy. Scores of scientists, analysts, and engineers in the five core laboratories gave generously of their time over the past eight months to produce this document. Their generous, constructive efforts are hereby gratefully acknowledged. 126 refs., 44 figs., 32 tabs.

Not Available

1990-03-01

153

Analysis and Optimization of Building Energy Consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy is one of the most important resources required by modern human society. In 2010, energy expenditures represented 10% of global gross domestic product (GDP). By 2035, global energy consumption is expected to increase by more than 50% from current levels. The increased pace of global energy consumption leads to significant environmental and socioeconomic issues: (i) carbon emissions, from the burning of fossil fuels for energy, contribute to global warming, and (ii) increased energy expenditures lead to reduced standard of living. Efficient use of energy, through energy conservation measures, is an important step toward mitigating these effects. Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime target for energy conservation, comprising 21% of global energy consumption and 40% of the total energy consumption in the United States. This thesis describes techniques for the analysis and optimization of building energy consumption. The thesis focuses on building retrofits and building energy simulation as key areas in building energy optimization and analysis. The thesis first discusses and evaluates building-level renewable energy generation as a solution toward building energy optimization. The thesis next describes a novel heating system, called localized heating. Under localized heating, building occupants are heated individually by directed radiant heaters, resulting in a considerably reduced heated space and significant heating energy savings. To support localized heating, a minimally-intrusive indoor occupant positioning system is described. The thesis then discusses occupant-level sensing (OLS) as the next frontier in building energy optimization. OLS captures the exact environmental conditions faced by each building occupant, using sensors that are carried by all building occupants. The information provided by OLS enables fine-grained optimization for unprecedented levels of energy efficiency and occupant comfort. The thesis also describes a retrofit-oriented building energy simulator, ROBESim, that natively supports building retrofits. ROBESim extends existing building energy simulators by providing a platform for the analysis of novel retrofits, in addition to simulating existing retrofits. Using ROBESim, retrofits can be automatically applied to buildings, obviating the need for users to manually update building characteristics for comparisons between different building retrofits. ROBESim also includes several ease-of-use enhancements to support users of all experience levels.

Chuah, Jun Wei

154

Renewable energy strategies for sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the perspective of renewable energy (wind, solar, wave and biomass) in the making of strategies for a sustainable development. Such strategies typically involve three major technological changes: energy savings on the demand side, efficiency improvements in the energy production, and replacement of fossil fuels by various sources of renewable energy. Consequently, large-scale renewable energy implementation plans must

Henrik Lund

2007-01-01

155

RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUPS COVET FUSION'S BUDGET  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUPS COVET FUSION'S BUDGET A group called the Energy Efficiency Education-effective and environmentally sound energy- efficiency and renewable energy programs." Rep. Philip R. Sharp (D-IN) and chair the resolution, H. Con. Res. 188). Sharp said "For too long, cost-effectiveefficiencyand renewable energy

156

Integrated Renewable Energy and Energy Storage Systems  

E-print Network

Integrated Renewable Energy and Energy Storage Systems Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy and Energy Storage Systems TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under Award No. DE-FC-06NT42847 Hawai`i Distributed

157

Renewable energy: Environment and development  

SciTech Connect

This hardcover is authored by India's secretary in the Ministry of Energy's Department of Non-Conventional Energy Sources. Part 1 deals with bio-energy, starting with a general presentation of energy from biomass and subsequently focusing on India's biogas technology program. Part 2 contains an exposition of direct uses of solar power and the related program in India. Finally, Part 3 elaborates on other forms of renewable energy technologies, such as wind, ocean, and geothermal energy. Generally, the presentation of each technology follows a more or less standard mode, containing a technical section, some form of financial analysis, and R D efforts in India. The material in this publication updates the already rich Indian literature and nicely complements a recent report released by the International Energy Agency covering the topic of renewable energy technologies. Given its content alone, however, the book would have been better represented by a slightly different title such as Renewable Energy Technologies and Programs in India. The author provides no explicit linkage to the literature on the modern topic of [open quotes]environment and development[close quotes] to warrant its inclusion in the title. That topic has recently captured the attention of both researchers and policy makers into identifying, unfolding, and adopting the idea of sustainable development.

Dayal, M.

1989-01-01

158

Renewable Energy Laboratory for Lighting Systems  

E-print Network

Nowadays, the electric lighting is an important part of our lives and also represents a significant part of the electric power consumption. Alternative solutions such as renewable energy applied in this domain are thus welcomed. This paper presents a workstation conceived for the study of photovoltaic solar energy for lighting systems by students of power engineering and civil engineering faculty. The proposed system is realized to study the generated photovoltaic solar energy parameters for lighting systems. For an easier way to study the most relevant parameters virtual instrumentation is implemented. National Instruments LabWindows CVI environment is used as a platform for virtual instrumentation. For future developments remote communication feature intends to be added on which currently remote monitoring of solar photovoltaic energy and electric energy parameters are monitored.

Dumitru Cristian; Gligor Adrian

2010-02-23

159

ARE BIOFUELS RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to discuss biofuels renewability in a quantitative point of view. A comprehensive review of the energy balance literature and emergy assessment of biofuels production were carried out at the Laboratory of Ecological Engineering of the Food Engineering School at UNICAMP in order discuss these issues. From these perspective is possible to realize that biofuels

Enrique Ortega; Otávio Cavalett; Consuelo Pereira; Feni Agostinho; John Storfer

160

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education in rural communities is an important priority, in many cases, electricity is not available to support rural educational activities. Renewable energy systems present a reasonable solution to support activities such as lighting, computers, telecommunications, and distance learning. There are certain factors and criteria that need…

Jimenez, Antonio C.; Lawand, Tom

161

Renewable energy from urban landscapes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Utilizing biomass from urban landscapes could significantly contribute to the nation’s renewable energy needs. In 2007, an experiment was begun to evaluate the biomass potential from a bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon (L.) Pers., lawn in Woodward, OK and to estimate the potential biomas...

162

Zero Waste, Renewable Energy & Environmental  

E-print Network

Zero Waste, Renewable Energy & Environmental Stewardship - Connecting loose ends: Thermal Recycling Technology · Bottom Ash · Finding Solutions #12;Arguments given against WTE: Excerpts of an article 07 business, namely "zero waste" and "clean production." #12;Arguments given against WTE: People who think we

Columbia University

163

The analysis of the renewable energy production sector in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Producing energy from renewable sources in Serbia is in its initial phase, and therefore this paper points towards the basic assumptions, potentials and institutional framework for the development of this activity in Serbia. Until recently, production and consumption of energy in Serbia was a social category, but the shift towards market economy together with the fact that Serbia has adopted

Mirjana Golusin; Zdravko Tesic; Aleksandar Ostojic

2010-01-01

164

RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of July 12, 2002 (project inception) to September 30, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and discussions that were conducted to identify and analyze potential renewable energy technologies and verify its feasibility and suitability for the project. The report covers the two-day Energy Charrette that was held at the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) Headquarters Building on May 8-9, 2002 to brainstorm, evaluate and present all available renewable energy options along with their implementations. Although the Energy Charrette was held prior to awarding of the DOE Grant, the outcome of the Charrette forms the basis of the activities that took place after July 12, 2002. Therefore, the Energy Charrette is frequently referenced and discussed in this report. The report also discusses the Energy Meeting that took place on September 24, 2002 between IEUA and CH2M Hill to follow up on the various presentations and recommendations resulting from the Energy Charrette. It should be noted that no final equipment data or capacities have been presented in the report, as the Conceptual Design has not started yet. This report covers continuing effort and work to complete the Request for Proposal (RFP) for this project. The Executive Summary Section covers more details on the scope of work, which consists of the conceptual, preliminary and final design, and what has been accomplished during the report period. Tools and methods utilized in this project to identify renewable energy technologies are included in the ''Experimental'' Section. Finally, Project achievements, implications and importance in improving this kind of technology are summarized in the ''Conclusion'' Section.

Neil Clifton, P.E.; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi, P.E.

2002-10-30

165

Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable energy provided only three percent of US utility power purchases overall in 1995, and the average purchase price of electricity from non-utilities using renewable energy was 31 percent higher than the average retail price, according the US EIA's latest Renewable Energy Annual 1999: Issues and Trends. The EIA presents additional data on renewable electricity purchases, transmission pricing issues for electricity, wood energy, and wind energy, among other topics, in this 90-page release.

166

Renewable energy: Sources for fuels and electricity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book assesses the technical and economic prospects for making fuels and electricity from renewable energy sources. Twenty-three chapters discuss the following renewable technologies: hydropower; wind energy; solar thermal electric technology; photovoltaic technology (6 chapters); ocean energy systems; geothermal energy; biomass conversion technology (8 chapters); solar hydrogen; and utility strategies for using renewables. All chapters have been processed for inclusion

T. B. Johansson; H. Kelly; A. K. N. Reddy; R. H. Williams

1993-01-01

167

National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

E-print Network

institutions. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency materials at con- centration factors of up to 100 ultraviolet (UV) suns while greatly reducing the heat start at NREL and each has the potential to transform its industry. The 2009 R&D 100 Award recipients

168

Renewable energy delivery systems and methods  

SciTech Connect

A system, method and/or apparatus for the delivery of energy at a site, at least a portion of the energy being delivered by at least one or more of a plurality of renewable energy technologies, the system and method including calculating the load required by the site for the period; calculating the amount of renewable energy for the period, including obtaining a capacity and a percentage of the period for the renewable energy to be delivered; comparing the total load to the renewable energy available; and, implementing one or both of additional and alternative renewable energy sources for delivery of energy to the site.

Walker, Howard Andrew

2013-12-10

169

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Energy Experts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate various renewable energy sources and the feasibility of implementing these sources. Working in small groups, students use data from the Renewable Energy Living Lab to describe and understand the way the world works. The data is obtained through observation and experimentation. Using the living lab gives students and teachers the opportunity to practice analyzing data to solve problems or answer questions, in much the same way that scientists and engineers do every day.

2014-09-18

170

Financing renewable energy: Obstacles and solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of renewable energy technology projects now being developed use long term project financing to raise capital. The financial community scrutinizes renewables more closely than some conventionally fueled electric generation facilities because it perceives renewables as risky and expensive. Renewables pay for this perceived risk through higher interest charges and other more restrictive loan covenants. Risks that are not

1994-01-01

171

Renewable Energy Issues Rangan Banerjee  

E-print Network

#12;0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Load Factor CostofGenerationRs/kWh Gas Engine Bioengine DieselRenewable Energy Issues Rangan Banerjee Energy Systems Engineering IIT Bombay Talk delivered options Type Status Capacity factor Cost of Generated Electricity (d=0.1) Comments Diesel NR C, I N LF0

Banerjee, Rangan

172

Environmental Justice in the Renewable Energy Transition  

E-print Network

This article considers environmental justice in the specific context of renewable energy goals. As a key component of sustainable development and a central concern for green economy advocates, renewable energy is uniquely situated on the policy...

Outka, Uma

2013-01-01

173

Renewables for Energy Conservation  

E-print Network

Thermal Solar Photovoltaic Geothermal* #12;Applications Power Generation Cooking Water Heating Process Commercial Residential #12;Industry Process Heating Energy from Waste Cogeneration Solar Water Heater Solar Water Heater ­ Residential, Commercial(Flat plate collector) Solar Water Heater ­ Boiler feed water

Banerjee, Rangan

174

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future 2008 SUSTAINABILITY REPORT and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. #12;1 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the only federal laboratory dedicated

175

Photon Science for Renewable Energy  

SciTech Connect

Our current fossil-fuel-based system is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources of energy requires us to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels. Light-source facilities - the synchrotrons of today and the next-generation light sources of tomorrow - are the scientific tools of choice for exploring the electronic and atomic structure of matter. As such, these photon-science facilities are uniquely positioned to jump-start a global revolution in renewable and carbonneutral energy technologies. In these pages, we outline and illustrate through examples from our nation's light sources possible scientific directions for addressing these profound yet urgent challenges.

Hussain, Zahid; Tamura, Lori; Padmore, Howard; Schoenlein, Bob; Bailey, Sue

2010-03-31

176

Renewable Energy in Fitness Centers  

SciTech Connect

All military installations have goals for implementing renewable energy projects, but not all have abundant solar energy or have massive feedstock for a large biomass plant. They must build up their renewable portfolio one project at it a time where they make the most sense – most of the time through small projects on specific buildings. During the last few years, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) provided project support to Army Installation Management Command Southeast Region (IMCOM-Southeast) installations. One of the building types visited, the physical fitness center (PFC), almost always yield project ideas. The building lends itself to a number of different technologies, and the high traffic nature is the perfect place to craft an educational message for users and demonstrate an installation’s commitment to sustainable energy development.

Chvala, William D.

2009-09-30

177

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

178

Modeling of hybrid renewable energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) are becoming popular for remote area power generation applications due to advances in renewable energy technologies and subsequent rise in prices of petroleum products. Economic aspects of these technologies are sufficiently promising to include them in developing power generation capacity for developing countries. Research and development efforts in solar, wind, and other renewable energy technologies

M. K. Deshmukh; S. S. Deshmukh

2008-01-01

179

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Final Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

180

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Staff Draft Guidebook Third Edition COMMISSION Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Valerie Hall Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive Director The California

181

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share  

E-print Network

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report Prepared for: Beijing International Renewable Energy Conference 2005 Prepared by: The Expert Group on Renewable Energy Convened by The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs December 12, 2005

Peinke, Joachim

182

California Renewable Energy Center Integrated Assessment  

E-print Network

;California Renewable Energy Center Organization of this session: · Overview of solar, wind, geothermal Collaborative Henry Shiu Case van Dam #12;California Renewable Energy Center 13 Wind Power: Industry Status, power smoothing, frequency regulation #12;California Renewable Energy Center 19 Wind: Emerging

California at Davis, University of

183

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01

184

Renewable Energy: Hydropower  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to the use of flowing or falling water (hydropower) to perform work, particularly electric power generation. Topics include the history of hydropower development, the invention of turbines and electric generators, and the history of hydroelectric power development in the United States. There is also discussion of the environmental issues associated with the construction of large dams and flooding large tracts of land, as well as some of the physics involved in the transfer of energy from moving water to a mechanical device such as a turbine. The lesson includes an activity in which students use a model turbine and generator and vary the height from which water flows into them to examine how energy output and efficiency varies.

John Pratte

185

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site serves as a gateway to energy efficiency and renewable energy information. With over 600 links and access to 80,000 documents, the site is fairly comprehensive. The bulk of the content is accessed via the Technologies section, which is browseable by topic. each topic page offers links to related sites and numerous subtopic pages, which in turn link to numerous full-text articles located off-site. Also included on the main page are more links, some specialized resources (Ask an Expert, Financing, News, etc.), and information on DOE public meetings and renewable energy programs.

United States. Dept. of Energy.

186

Renewable Energy: Wind  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to the uses of wind energy. Topics include a history of wind usage (grinding grain, pumping water, transportation), including the development of wind power in the United States and its more recent adaptations for producing electricity. There is also discussion of the physics behind the operation of a windmill and what drives the wind patterns in Earth's atmosphere. The lesson includes an activity in which students use online resources to study the relationship between barometric pressure and wind speed and direction. They will collect data on barometric pressure, wind speed, and wind direction for several days, map it, and look for relationships between wind speed and direction and the isobaric lines on the map.

John Pratte

187

Renewable Energy Resources in Lebanon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy sector in Lebanon plays an important role in the overall development of the country, especially that it suffers from many serious problems. The fact that Lebanon is among the few countries that are not endowed with fossil fuels in the Middle East made this sector cause one third of the national debt in Lebanon. Despite the large government investments in the power sector, demand still exceeds supply and Lebanon frequently goes through black out in peak demand times or has to resort to importing electricity from Syria. The Energy production sector has dramatic environmental and economical impacts in the form of emitted gasses and environment sabotage, accordingly, it is imperative that renewable energy (RE) be looked at as an alternative energy source. Officials at the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) and Lebanese Electricity (EDL) have repeatedly expressed their support to renewable energy utilization. So far, only very few renewable energy applications can be observed over the country. Major efforts are still needed to overcome this situation and promote the use of renewable energy. These efforts are the shared responsibility of the government, EDL, NGO's and educational and research centers. Additionally, some efforts are being made by some international organizations such as UNDP, ESCWA, EC and other donor agencies operating in Lebanon. This work reviews the status of Energy in Lebanon, the installed RE projects, and the potential projects. It also reviews the stakeholders in the field of RE in Lebanon Conclusion In considering the best R.E. alternative, it is important to consider all potential R.E. sources, their costs, market availability, suitability for the selected location, significance of the energy produced and return on investment. Several RE resources in Lebanon have been investigated; Tides and waves energy is limited and not suitable two tentative sites for geothermal energy are available but not used. Biomass resources badly affect the environment with the current technology and it is preferred to go for recycling. Limited hydropower plants are already installed and there are plans for new projects. Small wind turbines found their way in the market for individuals living in the rural areas that suffer from blackouts the most to replace the fuel stand alone generators. Solar PV is still immature however projects like street lighting in the south were successfully achieved. Solar thermal power is the most suitable for water heating in and outside the residential areas. Projects to increase the efficiency like replacing lights with power saving lights and thermal insulation of buildings are funded by several organizations.

Hamdy, R.

2010-12-01

188

Potential of renewable energy sources and its applications in Yakushima Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was carried out to see if the potential of renewable energy sources other than hy droelectric power, such as wind, photovoltaic, solar thermal, biomass and waste energy sources, can meet the current energy consumption in Yakushima. The current electricity consumption can be covered by wind and photovoltaic energy sources. The total potential of wind and photovoltaic energy sources

Yoshimitsu Uemura; Takami Kai; Rintarou Natori; Takeshige Takahashi; Yasuo Hatate; Masahiro Yoshida

2004-01-01

189

Refinement and transportation of petroleum with hydrogen from renewable energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A possible refinery process with higher output of gas oil and more hydrogen consumption than in conventional refinery processes was proposed. The CO2 emissions form the proposed processes with (case B) and without (base case, A) outer source of hydrogen were evaluated. The possibility of combining the refinement and transportation of petroleum with hydrogen produced from renewable energy resources such

Toshinori Kojima; Kiyotaka Tahara

2001-01-01

190

Making use of renewable energy  

SciTech Connect

This book describes renewable energy projects proposed for the rural areas of developing countries. Topics considered include biogas generation in Zimbabwe, biogas technology for water pumping in Botswana, soil fertility and energy problems in rural development in the Zaire rain forest, international scientific collaboration on biogas technologies for rural development, alcohol from biomass, an ethanol project in Zimbabwe, biomass alcohol and the fuel-food issue, solar water heating in Zimbabwe, absorbent box solar cookers, solar crop drying in Zimbabwe, the use of passive solar energy in Botswana buildings, the potential of mini hydro systems, woodfuel as a potential renewable energy source, small-scale afforestation for domestic needs in the communal lands of Zimbabwe, muscle power, the use of human energy in construction, hand-operated water pumps, animal power for water pumping in Botswana, the production of charcoal in Zambia, improving the efficiency of a traditional charcoal-burning Burmese cooking stove, social impacts, non-engineering constraints affecting energy use in a rural area, women and energy, and non-technical factors influencing the establishment of fuels-from-crops industries in developing countries.

Johnston, J.C.

1984-01-01

191

Renewable Energy: Ready to Meet Its Promise?  

SciTech Connect

This paper will briefly review the technical status, cost, and applications of major renewable energy technologies in 1998, and also discuss some of the socioeconomic impacts of wide-scale adoption of renewables.

Bull, S. R.; Billman, L. L.

1999-01-01

192

Current Renewable Energy Technologies and Future Projections  

SciTech Connect

The generally acknowledged sources of renewable energy are wind, geothermal, biomass, solar, hydropower, and hydrogen. Renewable energy technologies are crucial to the production and utilization of energy from these regenerative and virtually inexhaustible sources. Furthermore, renewable energy technologies provide benefits beyond the establishment of sustainable energy resources. For example, these technologies produce negligible amounts of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in providing energy, and they exploit domestically available energy sources, thereby reducing our dependence on both the importation of fossil fuels and the use of nuclear fuels. The market price of renewable energy technologies does not reflect the economic value of these added benefits.

Allison, Stephen W [ORNL; Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Ward, Christina D [ORNL; Smith, Barton [ORNL; Grubb, Kimberly R [ORNL; Lee, Russell [ORNL

2007-05-01

193

RENEWABLE ENERGY Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)  

E-print Network

for Oil Shale Technology and Research, the Colorado Energy Research Institute, and the National Renewable Systems for Oil Shale Production Microstructural Design of Composite Membranes for Energy Storage

194

Household vehicles energy consumption 1994  

SciTech Connect

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 reports on the results of the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). The RTECS is a national sample survey that has been conducted every 3 years since 1985. For the 1994 survey, more than 3,000 households that own or use some 6,000 vehicles provided information to describe vehicle stock, vehicle-miles traveled, energy end-use consumption, and energy expenditures for personal vehicles. The survey results represent the characteristics of the 84.9 million households that used or had access to vehicles in 1994 nationwide. (An additional 12 million households neither owned or had access to vehicles during the survey year.) To be included in then RTECS survey, vehicles must be either owned or used by household members on a regular basis for personal transportation, or owned by a company rather than a household, but kept at home, regularly available for the use of household members. Most vehicles included in the RTECS are classified as {open_quotes}light-duty vehicles{close_quotes} (weighing less than 8,500 pounds). However, the RTECS also includes a very small number of {open_quotes}other{close_quotes} vehicles, such as motor homes and larger trucks that are available for personal use.

NONE

1997-08-01

195

Abstract--Energy consumption and the concomitant Green House Gases (GHG) emissions of network infrastructures are  

E-print Network

Abstract--Energy consumption and the concomitant Green House Gases (GHG) emissions of network as for their energy consumption. Renewable energy sources (e.g. solar, wind, tide, etc.) are emerging as a promising and the comparison of several energy-aware static routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) strategies for wavelength

Politčcnica de Catalunya, Universitat

196

The contribution of renewable resources in meeting Turkey's energy-related challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to point out the importance of renewable energy as a key way for resolving the Turkey's energy-related challenges. As a consequence of economic and social development, Turkey's energy consumption has risen dramatically over the past three decades. At present, fossil fuels account for more than 90% of the total energy consumption in the country.

Z. Bengü Erdem

2010-01-01

197

Energy consumption in thermomechanical pulping  

SciTech Connect

Various components of refining energy were determined experimentally and compared with those calculated on the basis of the dimensions of morphological elements of wood. The experimentally determined fiberization energy of spruce was 6 to 60 times larger than the calculated value and that of birch 3 to 15 times larger. The energy consumed in reducing the Canadian standard freeness of isolated fibers from 500 to 150 ml was found to be approximately 1/3 of the total fiber development energy for both spruce and birch TMP. Chip size affected the refining energy consumption; the total energy dropped by approximately 30% when chip size was reduced from 16 mm to 3 mm in the case of spruce and approximately 40% for birch. 6 refs.

Marton, R.; Tsujimoto, N.; Eskelinen, E.

1981-08-01

198

Renewable Energy Projects for the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 72 page pdf from Illinois Valley Community College contains a variety of activities related to renewable energy. They were "developed by middle school through community college teachers enrolled in a course entitled Introduction to Renewable Energy Topics for Teachers." Activity levels range from middle school to community college and include Introduction to Renewable Energy, Alternative Fuel Lesson: Driver Education, and Sustainable Energy Planning.  

199

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS  

SciTech Connect

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The 'grand challenge' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source. Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.

Nathan Lewis

2010-02-26

200

Tribal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Lands (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This 12-page brochure provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Tribal Energy Program and describes the financial, technical, and educational assistance it provides to help tribes develop their renewable energy resources and reduce their energy consumption.

Not Available

2010-09-01

201

State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

Not Available

1994-05-01

202

Renewable energy annual 1998, with data for 1997  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth annual report published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) which presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data; US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing activities; and US geothermal heat pump manufacturing activities. It updates and provides more detail on renewable energy information than what`s published in the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Annual Energy Review 1997. The renewable energy resources included in the report are: biomass (wood, wood waste, municipal solid waste, ethanol, and biodiesel); geothermal; wind; solar (solar thermal and photovoltaic); and hydropower. However, hydropower is also regarded as a conventional energy source because it has furnished a significant amount of electricity for more than a century. Therefore, the contribution of hydropower to total renewable energy consumption is discussed, although hydropower as an individual energy source is not addressed. Since EIA collects data only on terrestrial (land-based) systems, satellite and military applications are not included in this report. 13 figs., 44 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01

203

Some future scenarios for renewable energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy security issues, climate change, fossil fuel depletion, new technologies, and environmentally conscious consumers are powerful forces shaping the renewable energy sector. The future of renewable energy depends upon how powerful these forces are and which combination of forces prevails. This paper defines and analyzes four different scenarios, business as usual (2010–2030), focus on climate change (2010–2060), focus on energy

Perry Sadorsky

2011-01-01

204

RENEWABLE REGENERATIVE ENERGY SYSTEMS: PRACTICAL INTEGRATION CHALLENGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in renewable energy systems that employ regenerative components to enable intermittent energy sources to service time varying loads is growing. The overall performance of these systems is intimately linked to the choice of the energy storage media and the efficiency of the energy conversion devices. Recent advances in electrolyser and fuel cell technologies may make small-scale hydrogen buffered renewable

Alvin Bergen; Ned Djilali; Lawrence Pitt; Andrew Rowe

205

Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy Alfred Greiner Lars a canonical growth model with damages in the household's welfare function and two energy sources ­ non-renewable and renewable energy. To produce renewable energy a capital stock must be built up. We study when a transition

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

206

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance two-way power flow with communication and control. Renewable Energy Grid Integration As the market

207

Electricity for Millions: Developing Renewable Energy in China (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This two page fact sheet describes NREL's work developing renewable energy in China. Renewable focus areas include rural energy development, wind energy development, geothermal energy development, renewable energy business development and policy and planning.

Not Available

2006-04-01

208

Renewable Energy Atlas of the West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed as a resource for policy makers, advocates, landowners, developers and others interested in furthering the production of electricity from renewable wind, solar, geothermal and biomass energy resources.

209

75 FR 30014 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Energy Efficiency and Conservation...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has experienced...

2010-05-28

210

Renewable energy: Economic and environmental issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the potential of various renewable or solar energy technologies to supply the United States with its future energy needs. Diverse renewable technologies are assessed in terms of their land requirements, environmental benefits and risks, economic costs, and a comparison of their advantages. In addition a projection of the amount of energy that could be supplied by solar

David Pimentel; G. Rodrigues; T. Wang; R. Abrams; K. Goldberg; H. Staecker; E. Ma; L. Brueckner; L. Trovato; C. Chow; U. Govindarajulu; S. Boerke

1994-01-01

211

Microgrids — an integration of renewable energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microgrids may be a prospective power system that addresses the renewable energy technologies (RET) accompanying necessary growing deployment of distributed energy resources (DER), especially small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) and small-scale renewable energy sources (RES). This article introduces the RET expected to be applied in the microgrids system depending on the RES. The RET include: microturbines, fuel cells, photovoltaic

Xuan Liu; Bin Su

2008-01-01

212

Renewable energy investment by the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

World Bank Group lending for renewable energy accelerated in the 1990s and resulted in 17 approved projects with $700 million in Bank loans and $230 million in grants by the Global Environment Facility. The Bank's 1999 energy-sector strategy Fuel for Thought charted new directions for renewable energy investment. The present paper considers the implementation challenges of Fuel for Thought strategies

Eric Martinot

2001-01-01

213

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Power Your School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to calculate the potential for solar and wind energy generation at their school location. After examining maps and analyzing data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab, they write recommendations as to the optimal form of renewable energy the school should pursue.

2014-09-18

214

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems  

DOEpatents

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

2008-09-02

215

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems  

DOEpatents

Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

2006-03-07

216

Optimization of Domestic-Size Renewable Energy System Designs Suitable for Cold Climate Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five different kinds of domestic-size renewable energy system configurations for very cold climate regions were investigated. From detailed numerical modeling and system simulations, it was found that the consumption of fuel oil for the auxiliary boiler in residential-type households can almost be eliminated with a renewable energy system that incorporates photovoltaic panel arrays for electricity generation and two storage tanks:

Itoro Etim Akpan; Masafumi Sasaki; Noboru Endoh

2006-01-01

217

Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption  

E-print Network

Continuous Improvement Energy Projects Reduce Energy Consumption Eric Niemeyer, Operations Superintendent Drilling Specialties Company A division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity..., LA. May 20-23, 2014 Conroe, TX Facility ESL-IE-14-05-31 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Drilling Specialties DSCo is a division of Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP (CPChem...

Niemeyer, E.

2014-01-01

218

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study. . Health and Wellness Center; and the: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study. Stockbridge Munsee Community. Mohican Family Center.  

SciTech Connect

The results of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study of Stockbridge Munsee Community’s Health and Wellness Center (HWC) indicate that a variety of renewable energy options and energy conservation measures (ECMs) exist for the facility. A requirement of the Request for Proposal for this study was to assess renewable energy options that could offset 30 to 100 percent of the HWC’s energy use. This study identifies that a geothermal system is the most cost effective renewable energy option available to decrease the HWC’s energy consumption by 30 to 100 percent. Currently the HWC performs in the lowest 8 percent of buildings in its building category, as scored in the EPA portfolio manager benchmarking tool. Multiple ECM opportunities have been identified with paybacks of less than five years to yield an estimated 25?percent decrease in annual energy consumption. The ECMs within this payback period are estimated to save $26,800 per year with an implementation cost of just $4,650 (0.2 year payback). For the Mohican Family Center document: The results of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Feasibility Study of Stockbridge Munsee Community’s Mohican Family Center (MFC) indicate that a variety of renewable energy options and energy conservation measures (ECMs) exist for the facility. A requirement of the Request for Proposal for this study was to assess renewable energy options that could offset 30 to 100 percent of the MFC’s energy use. This study identifies that a geothermal system is the most cost effective renewable energy option available to decrease the MFC’s energy consumption by 30 to 100 percent. Currently the MFC performs better than 80 percent of buildings in its building category, as scored in the EPA portfolio manager benchmarking tool. Multiple ECM opportunities have been identified with short term paybacks to yield an estimated 13?percent decrease in energy consumption. The ECMs within this payback period are estimated to save $3,100 per year with an implementation cost of under $20,000.

DeRocher, Andy; Barrnett, Michael

2014-03-14

219

Integrated Renewable Energy and Campus Sustainability Initiative  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy, energy conservation, and other sustainability initiatives have long been a central focus of Luther College. The DOE funded Integrated Renewable Energy and Campus Sustainability Initiative project has helped accelerate the College’s progress toward carbon neutrality. DOE funds, in conjunction with institutional matching funds, were used to fund energy conservation projects, a renewable energy project, and an energy and waste education program aimed at all campus constituents. The energy and waste education program provides Luther students with ideas about sustainability and conservation guidelines that they carry with them into their future communities.

Uthoff, Jay; Jensen, Jon; Bailey, Andrew

2013-09-25

220

Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993  

SciTech Connect

This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

NONE

1995-10-05

221

Demand side management as a solution for the balancing problem of distributed generation with high penetration of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

A future sustainable electricity supply will be characterised by distributed electricity generation structure and will be based on the integration and use of renewable energy sources. Since many renewable energy sources like wind energy and solar energy are intermittent or vary in intensity throughout the day, the balancing problem between energy supply and energy consumption will increase.With an increased penetration

Ingo Stadler; Aleksandra Sasa

2003-01-01

222

Actes JFPC 2012 Optimal Allocation of Renewable Energy Parks  

E-print Network

Actes JFPC 2012 Optimal Allocation of Renewable Energy Parks: A Two-stage Optimization Model-economical study of renewable energy on the other hand, investigates gradual implantation of Renewable Energy (RE, and reliability of renewable energy sys- tems [2]. Clearly electricity from renewable energy re- mains generally

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Renewable energy 1998: Issues and trends  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the following five papers: Renewable electricity purchases: History and recent developments; Transmission pricing issues for electricity generation from renewable resources; Analysis of geothermal heat pump manufacturers survey data; A view of the forest products industry from a wood energy perspective; and Wind energy developments: Incentives in selected countries. A glossary is included. 19 figs., 27 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

224

Renewable energy and sustainable development in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solutions to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. So clean, domestic and renewable energy is commonly accepted as the key for future life for Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use

Kamil Kaygusuz; Abdullah Kaygusuz

2002-01-01

225

Valuing the attributes of renewable energy investments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing the proportion of power derived from renewable energy sources is becoming an increasingly important part of many countries's strategies to achieve reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. However, renewable energy investments can often have external costs and benefits, which need to be taken into account if socially optimal investments are to be made. This paper attempts to estimate the magnitude

Ariel Bergmann; Nick Hanley; Robert Wright

2006-01-01

226

Photovoltaics and renewable energies in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photovoltaics and renewable energies are growing at a much faster pace than the rest of the economy in Europe and worldwide. This and the dramatic oil price increases in 2005 have led to a remarkable re-evaluation of the renewable energy sector by politics and financing institutions. Despite the fact that there are still discrepancies between the European Union and the

Arnulf Jäger-Waldau

2007-01-01

227

Managing the Cost, Energy Consumption, and Carbon Footprint of Internet Services  

E-print Network

Managing the Cost, Energy Consumption, and Carbon Footprint of Internet Services Kien Le , Ozlem consumptions translate into large carbon footprints, since most of the electricity produced in the US (and to manage their usage of "brown energy" (produced via carbon-intensive means) relative to renewable

Bianchini, Ricardo

228

COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-print Network

................................................... E-1 KEMA/Engage ­ NSHP Online Tool...................................................................... E-2 #12;iv KEMA/Smartpower ­ Emerging Renewables Program Small Wind Marketing & Outreach

229

Potential of renewable energy systems in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with high-speed economic development and increasing energy consumption, the Chinese Government faces a growing pressure to maintain the balance between energy supply and demand. In 2009, China has become both the largest energy consumer and CO2 emitting country in the world. In this case, the inappropriate energy consumption structure should be changed. As an alternative, a suitable infrastructure for

Wen Liu; Henrik Lund; Brian Vad Mathiesen; Xiliang Zhang

2011-01-01

230

Household vehicles energy consumption 1991  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide information on the use of energy in residential vehicles in the 50 States and the District of Columbia. Included are data about: the number and type of vehicles in the residential sector, the characteristics of those vehicles, the total annual Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT), the per household and per vehicle VMT, the vehicle fuel consumption and expenditures, and vehicle fuel efficiencies. The data for this report are based on the household telephone interviews from the 1991 RTECS, conducted during 1991 and early 1992. The 1991 RTECS represents 94.6 million households, of which 84.6 million own or have access to 151.2 million household motor vehicles in the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Not Available

1993-12-09

231

Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides an overview of the Indian Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policy Database (IREEED) developed in collaboration by the United States Department of Energy and India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. IREEED provides succinct summaries of India's central and state government policies and incentives related to renewable energy and energy efficiency. The online, public database was developed under the U.S.- India Energy Dialogue and the Clean Energy Solution Center.

Bushe, S.

2013-09-01

232

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

the potential of a renewable energy source at any given location is not a simple process. Carefully measured a given location for the best technology, or a renewable energy technology for the best location, accurate to accurately assess renewable energy density (watts per square meter) as it varies with time and location

233

Renewable Energy - Growing Opportunities in our Backyard  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Economic growth requires energy. Historically the United States has met this demand for energy by utilizing nonrenewable fossil fuels. Economic and environmental concerns at local, regional, and international levels are shifting attention to cleaner alternatives which are sustainable and renewable...

234

Renewable Energy Powered Water Treatment Systems   

E-print Network

There are many motivations for choosing renewable energy technologies to provide the necessary energy to power water treatment systems for reuse and desalination. These range from the lack of an existing electricity grid, ...

Richards, Bryce S.; Schäfer, Andrea

2009-01-01

235

RETI Stakeholder Steering Committee Renewable Energy Transmission  

E-print Network

Counties Linda Brown ­ San Diego Gas & Electric Mike DeAngelis ­ Sacramento Municipal Utility District Anne for Energy and the Environment Nate Blair, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Rich Ferguson, Center

236

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Hood based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewables Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

Chvala, William D.; Warwick, William M.; Dixon, Douglas R.; Solana, Amy E.; Weimar, Mark R.; States, Jennifer C.; Reilly, Raymond W.

2008-06-30

237

Creative renewable energy purchasing options for businesses  

SciTech Connect

Green energy providers are creating novel ways for large commercial clients to get involved in the long-term development of renewable energy generation. Some plans are designed to allow the purchase of energy to provide long-term off-take stability and other financial benefits to companies developing renewable energy projects. Two new insurance products could help absorb some of the financial risk taken on by the clients. (author)

Lokey, Elizabeth

2007-01-15

238

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2012-07-01

239

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2011-07-01

240

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2014-07-01

241

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2013-07-01

242

77 FR 53233 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent...related services, and a second on renewable energy and related services, and...

2012-08-31

243

40 CFR 73.26 - Conservation and renewable energy reserve.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Conservation and renewable energy reserve. 73.26 Section...73.26 Conservation and renewable energy reserve. The Administrator...allowances to the Conservation and Renewable Energy Reserve subaccount of...

2010-07-01

244

RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE SERVICE OF HUMANITY  

E-print Network

areas rely mainly on traditional biomass to meet their energy requirements; Household accessRENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE SERVICE OF HUMANITY Towards Sustainable Energy Mahama Kappiah Executive.ecreee.org #12;ENERGY SITUATION IN WEST AFRICA · Interrelated challenges of energy poverty, energy security

Canet, LĂ©onie

245

Energy consumption metrics of MIT buildings  

E-print Network

With world energy demand on the rise and greenhouse gas levels breaking new records each year, lowering energy consumption and improving energy efficiency has become vital. MIT, in a mission to help improve the global ...

Schmidt, Justin David

2010-01-01

246

State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

Not Available

1993-05-01

247

Global renewable energy-based electricity generation and smart grid system for energy security.  

PubMed

Energy is an indispensable factor for the economic growth and development of a country. Energy consumption is rapidly increasing worldwide. To fulfill this energy demand, alternative energy sources and efficient utilization are being explored. Various sources of renewable energy and their efficient utilization are comprehensively reviewed and presented in this paper. Also the trend in research and development for the technological advancement of energy utilization and smart grid system for future energy security is presented. Results show that renewable energy resources are becoming more prevalent as more electricity generation becomes necessary and could provide half of the total energy demands by 2050. To satisfy the future energy demand, the smart grid system can be used as an efficient system for energy security. The smart grid also delivers significant environmental benefits by conservation and renewable generation integration. PMID:25243201

Islam, M A; Hasanuzzaman, M; Rahim, N A; Nahar, A; Hosenuzzaman, M

2014-01-01

248

Global Renewable Energy-Based Electricity Generation and Smart Grid System for Energy Security  

PubMed Central

Energy is an indispensable factor for the economic growth and development of a country. Energy consumption is rapidly increasing worldwide. To fulfill this energy demand, alternative energy sources and efficient utilization are being explored. Various sources of renewable energy and their efficient utilization are comprehensively reviewed and presented in this paper. Also the trend in research and development for the technological advancement of energy utilization and smart grid system for future energy security is presented. Results show that renewable energy resources are becoming more prevalent as more electricity generation becomes necessary and could provide half of the total energy demands by 2050. To satisfy the future energy demand, the smart grid system can be used as an efficient system for energy security. The smart grid also delivers significant environmental benefits by conservation and renewable generation integration. PMID:25243201

Islam, M. A.; Hasanuzzaman, M.; Rahim, N. A.; Nahar, A.; Hosenuzzaman, M.

2014-01-01

249

Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency  

ScienceCinema

In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

Arvizu, Dan

2013-05-29

250

Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency  

SciTech Connect

In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

Arvizu, Dan

2010-01-01

251

International Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of international voluntary renewable energy markets, with a focus on the United States and Europe. The voluntary renewable energy market is the market in which consumers and institutions purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs on a voluntary basis. In 2010, the U.S. voluntary market was estimated at 35 terawatt-hours (TWh) compared to 300 TWh in the European market, though key differences exist. On a customer basis, Australia has historically had the largest number of customers, pricing for voluntary certificates remains low, at less than $1 megawatt-hour, though prices depend on technology.

Heeter, J.

2012-06-01

252

UK Renewable Energy Policy Since Privatisation  

E-print Network

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EP RG W OR KI NG P AP ER Abstract UK Renewable Energy Policy since Privatisation EPRG Working Paper 1002 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1007 Michael G. Pollitt The aim of this paper is to look... at the UK’s renewable energy policy in the context of its overall decarbonisation and energy policies. This will allow us to explore the precise nature of the ‘failure’ of UK renewables policy and to suggest policy changes which might be appropriate...

Pollitt, Michael G.

253

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

and provides an easy way to see the energy and cost impacts of alternative approaches to NZEHs. We have alsoNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance

254

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

% postconsumer waste #12;Acknowledgments This work was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) OfficeNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy NREL is operated by Midwest

255

77 FR 50489 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...renewable energy resources, such as wind and solar, can stress power systems as their...installation of renewables like wind and solar that produce variable power. Simultaneously...from hydro owner-operators to solar and wind industry experts, to...

2012-08-21

256

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Fuel Standards  

SciTech Connect

The State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project is supported by the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program within the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This project seeks to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states. The goal is to assist states in determining which clean energy policies or policy portfolios will best accomplish their environmental, economic, and security goals. For example, renewable fuel standards (RFS) policies are a mechanism for developing a market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. This flexible market-based policy, when properly executed, can correct for market failures and promote growth of the renewable fuels industry better than a more command-oriented approach. The policy attempts to correct market failures such as embedded fossil fuel infrastructure and culture, risk associated with developing renewable fuels, consumer information gaps, and lack of quantification of the non-economic costs and benefits of both renewable and fossil-based fuels. This report focuses on renewable fuel standards policies, which are being analyzed as part of this project.

Mosey, G.; Kreycik, C.

2008-07-01

257

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: New Pubs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory offers a New Publications page that contains five recently published reports freely available to view or download. The documents include: NREL Institutional Plan, 2001-2005; Photovoltaic Energy Program Overview, Fiscal Year 2000; Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future: Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean-Energy Technologies; Renewable Energy for Rural Schools; and Alternative Fuel Transit Buses: DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Final Results. The main page contains descriptions of each publication and the link to view each complete Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file.

2002-01-01

258

State energy data report 1994: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

This document provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), operated by EIA. SEDS provides State energy consumption estimates to members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and provides the historical series needed for EIA`s energy models. Division is made for each energy type and end use sector. Nuclear electric power is included.

NONE

1996-10-01

259

State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

NONE

1999-02-01

260

Conservation and renewable energy technologies for buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Office of building Technologies (OBT) pursues advanced energy efficiency and renewable technologies and accelerates the rate of adoption of these technologies in the residential and commercial sectors through research, development, and demonstration.

Not Available

1991-05-01

261

Selecting Sites for Renewable Energy Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use Google Earth to investigate a variety of renewable energy sources and select sites within the United States that would be appropriate for projects based on those sources.

Glenn A. Richard

262

Modeling Renewable Energy Readiness: The UAE Context  

E-print Network

Modeling technology policy is becoming an increasingly important capability to steer states and societies toward sustainability. This paper presents a simulation-modeling approach to evaluate renewable energy readiness, ...

Choucri, Nazli

263

Three Affliated Tribes Renewable Energy Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect

The Three Affliated Tribes on the Fort Berthold Reservation studied the feasibility of a commercial wind facility on land selected and owned by the Tribes and examined the potential for the development of renewable energy resources on Tribal Lands.

Belvin Pete; Kent Good; Krista Gordon; Ed McCarthy,

2006-05-26

264

Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water  

E-print Network

Solar and wind power can be economical and environmentally friendly ways to pump water for homes, irrigation and/or livestock water wells. This publication explains how these pumps work, the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable energy...

Mecke, Michael; Enciso, Juan

2007-06-08

265

IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change  

E-print Network

#12;IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation Edited Integration of Renewable Energy into Present and Future Energy Systems Chapter 9 Renewable Energy costs. Further, the role of renewable energy sources in pursuing GHG concentration stabilization levels

Kammen, Daniel M.

266

Danish energy reform: policy implications for renewables  

Microsoft Academic Search

For decades, renewables have been promoted in Denmark by the feed-in model (fixed price scheme) with favourable tariffs for green electricity. This has resulted in successful penetration of wind power covering more than 13% of Danish electricity consumption (2001). Changing the promotional scheme to a quota-based system with tradable green certificates has been on the political agenda since 1999.This article

Niels I. Meyer; Anne Louise Koefoed

2003-01-01

267

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy NREL is operated by Midwest Biomass Resource Availability in the United States A. Milbrandt Technical Report NREL/TP-560

268

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

of parabolic trough systems with thermal storage has been developed within the existing structure. 1National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy NREL is operated by Midwest

269

China rationalizes its renewable energy policy  

SciTech Connect

China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and tariff shock issues. (author)

Su, Jack H.; Hui, Simone S.; Tsen, Kevin H.

2010-04-15

270

Nevada Renewable Energy Projects June 10, 2009  

E-print Network

Nevada Renewable Energy Projects June 10, 2009 WASHOE ELKO HUMBOLDT EUREKA LANDER PERSHING Winnemucca Reno Carson City Tonopah Ely Las Vegas Pahrump Project Type and Dispostion Solar Energy ROW, Pending Wind Testing ROW, Authorized Wind Energy ROW, Pending Geothermal Energy Leases, Authorized

Laughlin, Robert B.

271

Economic incentive mechanism of renewable energy generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is the important foundation of the national economy development, but the conventional energy will tend to be exhausted, and is the primary factor of the environmental pollution. The renewable energy can supplement or substitute the conventional energy source. Thus, it can reduce the pollution, protect and improve the environment. Compared with the traditional mechanism, such as the compulsory administration

Liming Ying; Chelai Yin; Rongxiang Yuan; Huang Yong

2008-01-01

272

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Fuel Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project is supported by the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program within the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This project seeks to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states. The goal is to assist states in determining

Gail Mosey; Claire Kreycik

2008-01-01

273

Approaches to Sustainable Energy Consumption Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unsustainable consumption mostly refers to energy resources and materials’ utilization, fostered by human activity. Therefore,\\u000a energy consumption represents a major challenge when approaching sustainable development issues. Despite many environmental\\u000a strategies relying on improvements in energy and material efficiency, the World’s energy demand is likely to increase in line\\u000a with its population. In addition, cultural patterns of human activities are closely

Damjan Krajnc; Rebeka Lukman; Peter Glavic

274

76 FR 6605 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC) AGENCY: Department...Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open...

2011-02-07

275

Sustainable energy and environmental impact: role of renewables as clean and secure source of energy for the 21st century in Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, present and future energy consumption, electricity demand, potential of renewable energy sources and national energy policy in Jordan are presented. The related environmental impacts are discussed from the sustainable development point of view, including the future role of renewable energy sources. Jordan is a net energy importing country, with almost 96% of its annual needs relying on

J. O. Jaber; O. O. Badran; N. Abu-Shikhah

2004-01-01

276

Data Center Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Site Assessment: Anderson Readiness Center; Salem, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results from the data center energy efficiency and renewable energy site assessment conducted for the Oregon Army National Guard in Salem, Oregon. A team led by NREL conducted the assessment of the Anderson Readiness Center data centers March 18-20, 2014 as part of ongoing efforts to reduce energy use and incorporate renewable energy technologies where feasible. Although the data centers in this facility account for less than 5% of the total square footage, they are estimated to be responsible for 70% of the annual electricity consumption.

Metzger, I.; Van Geet, O.

2014-06-01

277

Renewable Energy 2030 Experts'Visions 25th Anniversary of the Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE)  

E-print Network

- A Realistic Promise?" International Climate and Energy Policy Advisor. Former Senator (State MinisterRenewable Energy 2030 ­ Experts'Visions 25th Anniversary of the Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE) International Conference 01 ­ 02 October 2012 Conference Programme #12;University

Peinke, Joachim

278

Think GREEN - Utilizing Renewable Solar Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Solar energy is radiant energy that is produced by the Sun. Every day the Sun radiates an enormous amount of energy. How much solar energy a place on Earth receives depends on several conditions. In this lesson, students will explore real NASA satellite data for energy from the Sun and cloud cover for their area to determine if they can harness this solar energy, a renewable energy source, by using a solar collector. They will develop skills in graphing and reading graphs.

279

Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Quality Profile  

SciTech Connect

The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a periodic national survey that provides timely information about energy consumption and expenditures of U.S. households and about energy-related characteristics of housing units. The survey was first conducted in 1978 as the National Interim Energy Consumption Survey (NIECS), and the 1979 survey was called the Household Screener Survey. From 1980 through 1982 RECS was conducted annually. The next RECS was fielded in 1984, and since then, the survey has been undertaken at 3-year intervals. The most recent RECS was conducted in 1993.

NONE

1996-03-01

280

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11  

E-print Network

Renewable Energies program (6 credit hour) Option A: 11 Option B: The program is organized by t Spanish Institute and the Asso program on renewable energy will provide students with advanced knowledge. opportunities: option A- two renewable energies; option B include on-site visits to renewable energy generation

Simaan, Nabil

281

Humankind’s detour toward sustainability: past, present, and future of renewable energies and electric power generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energies have been the primary energy source in the history of the human race. During the last 200 years, industrialized countries have shifted their energy consumption toward fossil fuels. Contemporary electric power generation is based on non-renewable resources such as oil, coal, and nuclear power. New efficient and cost-effective small-scale renewable energy generation options are commercially available today. Market

Raphael Edinger; Sanjay Kaul

2000-01-01

282

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Sill, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Sill, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Sill took place on June 10, 2010.

Boyd, Brian K.; Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

2011-03-31

283

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Polk, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Polk, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Polk took place on February 16, 2010.

Solana, Amy E.; Boyd, Brian K.; Horner, Jacob A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Orrell, Alice C.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

2010-11-17

284

LRBOI Tribal Renewable Energy-Final Report  

SciTech Connect

In 2011, a DOE Tribal energy Program first Steps Human Capacity was awarded to the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians (LRBOI). The main purpose of the grant was to increase human capacity of LRBOI, to understand the components of renewable energy and the importance of energy efficiency. This report summarizes the activities, the outcomes, and the lessons learned during this grant.

Hawley, David A.

2013-12-17

285

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Antonia V. Herzog  

E-print Network

and Resources Group Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) University of California, Berkeley, USA Biofuels 2.4. Implementation of Biomass Energy Systems 2.4.1. Biomass Resources 2.4.2 Environmental Impacts and Benefits 2.4.3. Economic and Production Issues 2.5. Conclusions 3. Wind Energy 3.1. Introduction 3

Kammen, Daniel M.

286

Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources Course Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on renewable energy sources including solar energy, wind power, hydropower, fuel cells, biomass, and alternative transportation. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

287

Jeudi 3 octobre 2013 RENEWABLE ENERGIES  

E-print Network

Jeudi 3 octobre 2013 FINANCING RENEWABLE ENERGIES Michael Eckhart Managing Director Global Head;1973-2013: TECHNOLOGY SUCCESS #12;INVESTMENT SUCCESS New Investment in Clean Energy 2004 ­ 2012 ($bn) $54bn $80bn $114bn 2009 2010 2011 2012 #12;GLOBALIZATION OF THE SUCCESS 2004 ­2012 ($bn) Source: Bloomberg New Energy

Canet, LĂ©onie

288

Career Directions--Renewable Energy Systems Integrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy systems are beginning to appear everywhere. Solar modules are creating "blue roofs" that convert the energy from the sun into household electricity. Solar thermal systems on roofs can generate hot water. Wind turbines catch breezes to provide even more electricity. Recommendations for saving energy, specifying systems for…

Fleeman, Stephen R.

2012-01-01

289

Revitalize Electrical Program with Renewable Energy Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting a renewable energy technology (RET) program can be as simple as shifting the teaching and learning focus of a traditional electricity program toward energy production and energy control systems. Redirecting curriculum content and delivery to address photovoltaic solar (PV solar) technology and small wind generation systems is a natural…

Karns, Robert J.

2012-01-01

290

Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large.

Not Available

1994-05-06

291

76 FR 54224 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open meeting...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

2011-08-31

292

76 FR 80355 - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee (ERAC...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ACTION: Notice of open teleconference...field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Federal Advisory...

2011-12-23

293

Renewable Energy Living Lab: The Bright Idea  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate the feasibility of solar energy and other renewable energy sources in different U.S. locations. Working in small groups, students act as engineers evaluating the suitability of installing solar panels at four company locations. They access data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab from which they make calculations and analyze how successful solar energy generation would be, as well as the potential for other power sources at those locations. Then they summarize their results, analysis and recommendations in the form of feasibility plans prepared for a CEO.

2014-09-18

294

Tunisia Renewable Energy Project systems description report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1979, the Agency for International Development (AID) initiated a renewable energy project with the Government of Tunisia to develop an institutional capability to plan and institute renewable energy technologies in a rural area. The specific objective of the district energy applications subproject was to demonstrate solar and wind energy systems in a rural village setting. The NASA Lewis Research Center was asked by the AID Near East Bureau to manage and implement this subproject. This report describes the project and gives detailed desciptions of the various systems.

Scudder, L. R.; Martz, J. E.; Ratajczak, A. F.

1986-10-01

295

Tunisia Renewable Energy Project systems description report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1979, the Agency for International Development (AID) initiated a renewable energy project with the Government of Tunisia to develop an institutional capability to plan and institute renewable energy technologies in a rural area. The specific objective of the district energy applications subproject was to demonstrate solar and wind energy systems in a rural village setting. The NASA Lewis Research Center was asked by the AID Near East Bureau to manage and implement this subproject. This report describes the project and gives detailed desciptions of the various systems.

Scudder, L. R.; Martz, J. E.; Ratajczak, A. F.

1986-01-01

296

Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water  

E-print Network

Using Renewable Energy to Pump Water Juan Enciso and Michael Mecke* Wind power Wind is often used as an energy source to operate pumps and supply water to livestock. Because of the large amount of water needed for crops, wind power is rarely used... renewable energy sources ? such as solar or wind power ? for your home, for drip irrigation or for livestock water wells. Wind and solar energy can be excellent options in remote areas where the costs of extending transmission lines are high. Extending...

Enciso, J.; Mecke, M.

297

Renewable energy atlas of the United States.  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) and other federal land management agencies to evaluate existing and proposed renewable energy projects. Much of the content of the Atlas was compiled at Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to support recent and current energy-related Environmental Impact Statements and studies, including the following projects: (1) West-wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) (BLM 2008); (2) Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2010); (3) Supplement to the Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2011); (4) Upper Great Plains Wind Energy PEIS (WAPA/USFWS 2012, in progress); and (5) Energy Transport Corridors: The Potential Role of Federal Lands in States Identified by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 368(b) (in progress). This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software; describes each of the components of the Atlas; lists the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and provides a brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies.

Kuiper, J.A.; Hlava, K.Greenwood, H.; Carr, A. (Environmental Science Division)

2012-05-01

298

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROCUREMENT PLAN This Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan ("RPS Procurement Plan" or  

E-print Network

Standard" or "RPS Program"). SB 2-1X directed the California Energy Commission ("CEC") to adopt regulations," ("CEC Regulations"), which became effective as of October 1, 2013, following Law subsequently approval: Eligible Renewable Energy Resources Biodiesel Fuel cells using renewable fuels Ocean wave, ocean thermal

299

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

300

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

301

7 CFR 4280.193 - Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications for award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants... Selecting energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

302

Indoor Conditions Study and Impact on the Energy Consumption for a Large Commercial Building  

E-print Network

of variables that influence electric energy consumption in commercial buildings in Brazil, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2010), Volume 14, Issue 9,3199-3205. ESL-IC-11-10-09 Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced... values ? The risk of summer overheating in the non-conditioned zones ? Heating and Cooling energy consumptions (hourly, monthly and annual values) for different zones/floors of the building ESL-IC-11-10-09 Proceedings of the Eleventh...

Catalina, T.

2011-01-01

303

Renewable Energy and the Nevada Test and Training Range  

E-print Network

1 Renewable Energy and the Nevada Test and Training Range Wednesday, December 15, 2010 Melissa due to renewable energy infrastructure development at the Nevada Test and Training Range. Nevada has have ever-increasing renewable energy goals. However, proposals for the development of 116 renewable

Lewis, Robert Michael

304

Renewable Energy & Sustainability Prof. Martin J. (Mike) Pasqualetti  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy & Sustainability Prof. Martin J. (Mike) Pasqualetti Professor, School depletion for the next 1000 years (in 100,000 TWh/year) #12;We Have Many Renewable Energy Resources At Our Disposal Reality #4 #12;#12;Renewable Energy is Minor at Present Source: U.S. EIA http://www.eia.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables

Rhoads, James

305

The Clean Renewable Energy and Conservation Tax Act of 2007  

E-print Network

Bonds ("CREBs"). The bill authorizes $2 billion of new clean renewable energy bonds to finance to sales before January 1, 2010. This proposal is revenue neutral over 10 years. New Clean Renewable EnergyThe Clean Renewable Energy and Conservation Tax Act of 2007 December 5, 2007 I. CLEAN RENEWABLE

Kammen, Daniel M.

306

Essays in renewable energy and emissions trading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental issues have become a key political issue over the past forty years and has resulted in the enactment of many different environmental policies. The three essays in this dissertation add to the literature of renewable energy policies and sulfur dioxide emissions trading. The first essay ascertains which state policies are accelerating deployment of non-hydropower renewable electricity generation capacity into a states electric power industry. As would be expected, policies that lead to significant increases in actual renewable capacity in that state either set a Renewables Portfolio Standard with a certain level of required renewable capacity or use Clean Energy Funds to directly fund utility-scale renewable capacity construction. A surprising result is that Required Green Power Options, a policy that merely requires all utilities in a state to offer the option for consumers to purchase renewable energy at a premium rate, has a sizable impact on non-hydro renewable capacity in that state. The second essay studies the theoretical impacts fuel contract constraints have on an electricity generating unit's compliance costs of meeting the emissions compliance restrictions set by Phase I of the Title IV SO2 Emissions Trading Program. Fuel contract constraints restrict a utility's degrees of freedom in coal purchasing options, which can lead to the use of a more expensive compliance option and higher compliance costs. The third essay analytically and empirically shows how fuel contract constraints impact the emissions allowance market and total electric power industry compliance costs. This paper uses generating unit-level simulations to replicate results from previous studies and show that fuel contracts appear to explain a large portion (65%) of the previously unexplained compliance cost simulations. Also, my study considers a more appropriate plant-level decisions for compliance choices by analytically analyzing the plant level decision-making process to show how cost-minimization at the more complex plant level may deviate from cost-minimization at the generating unit level.

Kneifel, Joshua D.

307

State energy data report 1995 - consumption estimates  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public, and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

NONE

1997-12-01

308

PUEBLO OF ZIA RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT FEASIBILITY STUDY  

SciTech Connect

The Pueblo of Zia will conduct a comprehensive feasibility study for best-use application(s) for development of renewable energy resources on its tribally held TRUST lands (i.e., Trust Lands of Zia Indian Reservation). The feasibility study is essential for determining the technical and economic viability of a future renewable project(s) on Zia tribal lands, including the potential economic and environmental benefits for the Tribe. Project Objectives: The feasibility study is essential for determining the technical and economic viability of future renewable project(s) on Zia tribal lands, including the potential economic and environmental benefits for the Tribe to: 1. Provide a balanced local renewable power supply for Zia Pueblo, its members, tribal offices, schools and buildings, and businesses on tribal lands 2. Provide a firm power supply for export and commercial market distribution 3. Provide economic development for the Tribe and its members, including job training and creation, each in accordance with the goals and objectives as conveyed by the Pueblo of Zia Tribal Council, Tribal Administration, and outlined in The Pueblo of Zia Comprehensive Plan and Pueblo of Zia — Zia Enterprise Zone Master Plan. A key goal of the study is to analyze the integrated development of solar, geothermal, and wind renewable energy resources at Zia Pueblo, with added potential to combine gas-fired generation to accomplish energy firming. Geothermal offers a base load source of energy, providing power continuously for end users. Wind and solar offer intermediate and peaking sources of energy, which can be harvested throughout the day, with periods of variable but predicable output. Variability will be managed in an integrated manner, using Zia Pueblo's combined renewable resources to generate high-quality power. Tasks are intended to collect, catalog, map, and analyze existing data on Zia Pueblo's renewable energy resource base and then match resource attributes with the most suitable renewable technologies for tribal energy consumption and needs. Also, key impacts on cultural and social values of Zia Pueblo will be addressed. Selected most favorable uses and technologies will be further investigated to determine initial feasibility and market for business development for up to six sites located on tribal land. The anticipated result will be the recommended development of sites that have sufficient background study completed to warrant a business plan, detailed engineering feasibility, and acquisition of project financing. Valuable technical and economic information will accrue from this study that may be applied to scale up or down the various power technology potential on Zia Pueblo for maximum benefit and best area(s) of application, project phasing and potential for future replicability and expansion.

Pino, Peter M. [Tribal Administrator (Ret.), Pueblo of Zia; Lakshman, Jai [Project Manager (NDA) for Pueblo of Zia; Toole, G. Loren [Principal Investigator, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Energy Analysis Team/ CCS-3, D-4; Hand, Dan [P.E., Sustainable Enginerring; Witcher, James; Emerson, Michael A. [Senior V.P., ARES Corporation; Turner, Jeremy [Executive Director, NM Renewable Energy Transmission Authority; Sandidge, Wendy [Director of Operations, NM Community Capital

2014-06-30

309

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Education Programs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) believes that "educating students, teachers, and consumers is the other key to finding new renewable ways to power our homes, businesses, and cars." This site is full of important educational resources such as classroom activities, online quizzes, and fact sheets that deal with renewable energy technology and applied sciences. In the Educational Resources area, visitors can make their way through several dozen lesson plans, including "History of Solar Cells," "Teacher's Guide to Wind Energy," and "School Energy Audit." Moving on, the DOE Undergraduate Internships & Graduate Fellowships area gives interested parties access to application forms for the Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship Program and the Graduate Fellowship Program. The site is rounded out by information on the annual Junior Solar Sprint & Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car Competition.

2012-07-20

310

International energy efficiency and renewable energy resources on the Internet  

SciTech Connect

A variety of sources of information on energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies are available on the Internet`s World Wide Web. These resources are sponsored and maintained by a myriad of organizations across the country and world. One expeditious way to access these resources is by using the U.S. Department of Energy`s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN). This network is a user-friendly computer link to Internet based information on energy conservation and renewable energy technologies and techniques. Numerous international sources of information can be accessed through EREN including the International Energy Agency`s Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies (CADDET) and the Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange (GREENTIE). CADDET`s Register of demonstrated energy technologies provides an extensive guide to energy efficient and renewable energy technologies, and GREENTIE`s Directory of supplier information helps users access technology providers and experts.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Meyer, R.D. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-10-01

311

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 27 JANUARY 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1803 Energy consumption and the unexplained winter  

E-print Network

and could have a significant climate effect is heating or thermal pollution from energy consumption12 by altering the natural energy exchanges between the climate system and outer space and among different subcomponents of the climate system, the consumption of non-renewable energy itself represents a direct external

Zhang, Guang Jun

312

Energy consumption in optical modulators for interconnects  

E-print Network

Energy consumption in optical modulators for interconnects David A. B. Miller* Ginzton Laboratory century: A Technology Roadmap," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(1), 55­76 (1996). 5. K.-H. Koo, P

Miller, David A. B.

313

Analysis of energy consumption in Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy consumption in Jordan was analysed and correlated over the last seven years for the period 1985–1992. The results were presented fairly by second or third degree polynominals with less than ±5% error.

A. Tamimi

1995-01-01

314

7 CFR 4280.192 - Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...192 Scoring energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

315

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

316

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2012-01-01

317

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

318

7 CFR 4280.195 - Awarding and administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...administering energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2013-01-01

319

7 CFR 4280.191 - Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grant...Program General Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants...Evaluation of energy audit and renewable energy development assistance...

2014-01-01

320

75 FR 73039 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (RE&EEAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (RE&EEAC...of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (RE&EEAC...to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee,...

2010-11-29

321

76 FR 71312 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...SUMMARY: The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...competitiveness of the U.S. renewable energy and energy efficiency...

2011-11-17

322

75 FR 35450 - Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Advisory Committee and Request...Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of...

2010-06-22

323

77 FR 43807 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee; Extended Deadline for Solicitation of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...nominations to serve on the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...composition and purpose of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2012-07-26

324

75 FR 35766 - Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee and Solicitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...Notice of establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Advisory...announces the establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency...

2010-06-23

325

Renewable energy research leases: Prospects and opportunities on the Hawaiian Outer Continental Shelf (OCS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oceans represent a vast and largely untapped source for energy production. Our oceans have the potential to provide wave, wind, solar and other resources that can be used to produce abundant, clean and renewable energy to meet the demands of growing consumption. The Department of the Interior's Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) plays a significant

John B. Smith; Jaron Ming

2011-01-01

326

Micro/Nanotransport Phenomena in Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency  

E-print Network

As a result of serious concerns about climate change, high oil prices, and peak oil, energy has become one of the most important issues of our time. Renewable energy and energy-saving technologies are potentially crucial ...

Chen, Gang

327

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future  

E-print Network

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Strengthening U.S. Leadership Strengthening U.S. Leadership NREL/TP-6A0-44261 of International Clean Energy December 2008 Cooperation....................................................................................................................... 3 Situation and Opportunity Assessment

328

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Biomass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers biomass energy technology, including biopower, biofuels and biobased products. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

329

ENERGY FOR ROMANIA FROM RENEWABLE RESOURCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union admits the fact that energy is essential, for the development of the European economy, but that it also constitutes a challenge, due to the impact on climate change. In Romania, as well as in all the countries of the European Union, which have chosen to promote renewable energy, governments have come up with support frameworks for investors

LUCIAN Paul

2012-01-01

330

Energy and other non-renewable resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Anticipated U.S. demands for non-renewable energy and mineral resources exceed domestic supplies essential for economic growth. For the long term changes necessary in the energy supply and demand gap, new technologies and substitute materials as well as legislation and socio-economic strategies are elaborated.

1975-01-01

331

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is

Nathan Lewis; Nancy Ryan Gray

2010-01-01

332

RENEWABLE ENERGY ALTERNATIVES: CURRENT STATUS AND CAPACITIES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A key to the United States’ economic growth is an ever-increasing demand for energy, which has traditionally been met primarily by combusting the hydrocarbons found in fossil fuels. As environmental concerns grow, renewable energy resources are gaining increasing attention. To aid both researchers...

333

RP5 RENEWABLE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the third quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of January 1, 2003 to March 31, 2003. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings, discussions, and engineering

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2003-01-01

334

RP5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the sixth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period from October 1, 2003 through December 31, 2003. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. In coordination with the DOE, IEUA has revised the

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2004-01-01

335

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Photovoltaics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers photovoltaics, including a review of energy in light, how solar cells work and types of solar cells. A number of useful graphics are included to enhance the materials. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

336

WB/GEF Renewable Energy Development Project: Renewable Energy in China  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet describes China's Renewable Energy Development Project to supply electricity to rural households and institutions with wind energy and solar power (photovoltaics). World Bank and Global Environmental Facility fund the project.

Not Available

2004-04-01

337

Strategic Energy Planning for Renewable Energy Demonstration Center  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this project is to support the addition of renewable energy technologies to the existing CBMI resource recovery park, known as the Cabazon Resource Recovery Park (CRRP) in Mecca, California. The concept approved for this project was to determine if the resources and the needs existed for the addition of a Renewable Energy Demonstration Center (REDC) at the CRRP. The REDC concept is envisioned to support the need of startup renewable companies for a demonstration site that reduces their development costs.

Ross, Becky [Cabazon Band of Mission Indians] [Cabazon Band of Mission Indians; Crandell, George

2014-04-10

338

Cumulative energy demand for selected renewable energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calculation of Cumulative Energy Demand (CED) of various energy systems and the computation of their Energy Yield Ratio (EYR)\\u000a suggests that one single renewable energy technology cannot be said to be the best. Due to the difference in availability\\u000a of renewable energy sources, their suitability varies from place to place. Wind energy converters, solar water heating systems\\u000a and photovoltaic systems

Dirk Giirzenich; Jyotirmay Mathur; Narendra Kumar Bansal; Hermann-Josef Wagner

1999-01-01

339

Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States  

SciTech Connect

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software. The report also includes: ? A description of each of the components of the Atlas; ? Lists of the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and ? A brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies. The Atlas includes the following: ? A GIS database organized as a set of Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS Personal GeoDatabases, and ? ESRI ArcReader and ArcGIS project files providing an interactive map visualization and analysis interface.

Kuiper, J. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Hlava, K. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Greenwood, H. [Environmentall Science Division] [Environmentall Science Division; Carr, A. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division

2013-12-13

340

How might renewable energy technologies fit in the food-water-energy nexus?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Feeding the growing population in the U.S. will require additional land for crop and livestock production. Similarly, a growing population will require additional sources of energy. Renewable energy is likely to play an increased role in meeting the new demands of electricity consumers. Renewable energy technologies can differ from conventional technologies in their operation and their siting locations. Many renewable energy technologies have a lower energy density than conventional technologies and can also have large land use requirements. Much of the prime area suitable for renewable energy development in the U.S. has historically been used for agricultural production, and there is some concern that renewable energy installations could displace land currently producing food crops. In addition to requiring vast expanses of land, both agriculture and renewable energy can require water. The agriculture and energy sectors are responsible for the majority of water withdrawals in the U.S. Increases in both agricultural and energy demand can lead to increases in water demands, depending on crop management and energy technologies employed. Water is utilized in the energy industry primarily for power plant cooling, but it is also required for steam cycle processes and cleaning. Recent characterizations of water use by different energy and cooling system technologies demonstrate the choice of fuel and cooling system technologies can greatly impact the withdrawals and the consumptive use of water in the energy industry. While some renewable and conventional technology configurations can utilize more water per unit of land than irrigation-grown crops, other renewable technology configurations utilize no water during operations and could lead to reduced stress on water resources. Additionally, co-locating agriculture and renewable energy production is also possible with many renewable technologies, avoiding many concerns about reductions in domestic food production. Various metrics exist for defining land use impacts of energy technologies, with little consensus on how much total land is impacted or is necessary. Here we characterize the land use requirements of energy technologies by comparing various metrics from different studies, providing ranges of the potential land impact from alternative energy scenarios. Land use requirements for energy needs under these scenarios are compared with projected land use requirements for agriculture to support a growing population. The water implications of various energy and food scenarios are analyzed to provide insights into potential regional impacts or conflicts between sectors.

Newmark, R. L.; Macknick, J.; Heath, G.; Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Roberts, B.

2011-12-01

341

DRI Renewable Energy Center (REC) (NV)  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this project was to utilize a flexible, energy-efficient facility, called the DRI Renewable Energy Experimental Facility (REEF) to support various renewable energy research and development (R&D) efforts, along with education and outreach activities. The REEF itself consists of two separate buildings: (1) a 1200-ft2 off-grid capable house and (2) a 600-ft2 workshop/garage to support larger-scale experimental work. Numerous enhancements were made to DRI's existing renewable power generation systems, and several additional components were incorporated to support operation of the REEF House. The power demands of this house are satisfied by integrating and controlling PV arrays, solar thermal systems, wind turbines, an electrolyzer for renewable hydrogen production, a gaseous-fuel internal combustion engine/generator set, and other components. Cooling needs of the REEF House are satisfied by an absorption chiller, driven by solar thermal collectors. The REEF Workshop includes a unique, solar air collector system that is integrated into the roof structure. This system provides space heating inside the Workshop, as well as a hot water supply. The Workshop houses a custom-designed process development unit (PDU) that is used to convert woody biomass into a friable, hydrophobic char that has physical and chemical properties similar to low grade coal. Besides providing sufficient space for operation of this PDU, the REEF Workshop supplies hot water that is used in the biomass treatment process. The DRI-REEF serves as a working laboratory for evaluating and optimizing the performance of renewable energy components within an integrated, residential-like setting. The modular nature of the system allows for exploring alternative configurations and control strategies. This experimental test bed is also highly valuable as an education and outreach tool both in providing an infrastructure for student research projects, and in highlighting renewable energy features to the public.

Hoekman, S. Kent; Broch, Broch; Robbins, Curtis; Jacobson, Roger; Turner, Robert

2012-12-31

342

CREST: Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology, a 501(c)(3) organization in Washington, DC, announces Solstice, a file server with state-of-the-art information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, the environment, and sustainable community development.

343

76 FR 57956 - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive Business Development Mission; Clarification and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...International Trade Administration Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...supplement to the Notice of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Executive...permit), interested U.S. renewable energy firms and trade...

2011-09-19

344

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global electrical energy consumption is still rising and there is a steady demand to increase the power capacity. It is expected that it has to be doubled within 20 years. The production, distribution and use of the energy should be as technological efficient as possible and incentives to save energy at the end-user should also be set up. Deregulation

F. Blaabjerg; F. Iov; R. Teodorescu; Z. Chen

2006-01-01

345

Energy Consumption of Die Casting Operations  

SciTech Connect

Molten metal processing is inherently energy intensive and roughly 25% of the cost of die-cast products can be traced to some form of energy consumption [1]. The obvious major energy requirements are for melting and holding molten alloy in preparation for casting. The proper selection and maintenance of melting and holding equipment are clearly important factors in minimizing energy consumption in die-casting operations [2]. In addition to energy consumption, furnace selection also influences metal loss due to oxidation, metal quality, and maintenance requirements. Other important factors influencing energy consumption in a die-casting facility include geographic location, alloy(s) cast, starting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, casting yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-casting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, casting yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-casting machine, related equipment (robots, trim presses), and downstream processing (machining, plating, assembly, etc.). Each of these factors also may influence the casting quality and productivity of a die-casting enterprise. In a die-casting enterprise, decisions regarding these issues are made frequently and are based on a large number of factors. Therefore, it is not surprising that energy consumption can vary significantly from one die-casting enterprise to the next, and within a single enterprise as function of time.

Jerald Brevick; clark Mount-Campbell; Carroll Mobley

2004-03-15

346

An optimal renewable energy model for various end-uses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources are likely to play a significant role in meeting the future energy requirement of a developing country like India. The effect of introducing renewable energy sources on the commercial energy scene may have to be analyzed carefully. In this paper, we present an Optimal Renewable Energy Model that minimizes the cost\\/efficiency ratio and determines the optimum allocation

S Iniyan; K Sumathy

2000-01-01

347

Draft Report Development of Model Curriculum in Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Draft Report On Development of Model Curriculum in Renewable Energy Energy Systems Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Powai, Mumbai ­ 400 076 August 2003 #12;Draft Renewable Energy energy systems for the future, it is necessary to incorporate renewable energy in the traditional

Banerjee, Rangan

348

Development of renewable energy Challenges for the electrical grids  

E-print Network

Development of renewable energy in France Challenges for the electrical grids #12;Contenu 1. Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables ­ The French Renewable Energy Association 2. RES development in France, Geothermal energy... · The Voice of the Renewable Energy sector for Government & public authorities, TSOs

Canet, LĂ©onie

349

Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Renewable Energy Systems  

E-print Network

Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) Renewable Energy Systems Rapidly increasing energy demands coupled is providing firm energy from multiple non-firm renewable energy inputs. As Canada's Green UniversityTM, UNBC intends to take a leadership role in developing research to support local renewable energy systems

Northern British Columbia, University of

350

Cool energy. Renewal solutions to environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

This book begins with a chapter describing some of the economic and environmental consequences of America's fossil-fuel-based economy. It makes the case that, despite some progress in reducing pollution from fossil fuels, no lasting cure for the deteriorating environment - in particular, the looming threat of global warming - is possible without developing alternative fuel sources. That renewable energy can provide the bulk of the new supplies needed is the theme of the second chapter, which discusses the relative advantages of these resources compared to fossil fuels and nuclear power and evaluates their long-term potential. The bulk of the book considers five broad categories of renewable energy sources: solar, wind, biomass (plant matter), rivers and oceans, and geothermal. For each of these sources, the book describes its current application, discusses its costs, analyzes new technologies under development, and assesses its positive and negative environmental impacts. This book shows the vital role renewable sources can and should play in America's energy future. It cites studies indicating that, with the right policies, renewable energy could provide as much as half of America's energy within 40 years, and an even larger fraction down the road. Such a rapid shift from existing energy sources would be dramatic but not unprecedented. In 1920, coal supplied 70% of US energy, but within 40 years its share had dropped to just 20% as oil and natural gas use increased. Sooner or later, oil and natural gas will also fade in importance. The real question is when. This book makes the case that the time to move decisively toward a renewable energy economy has arrived.

Brower, M.

1992-01-01

351

Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is an education program involving three Historically Black Colleges and Universities and NASA's John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. These three universities; Central State University (CSU), Savannah State University (SSU) and Wilberforce University (WU) are working together with NASA Glenn to use the theme of renewable energy to improve the science, engineering and technology education of minority students and to attract minority students to these fields. In this vein, a renewable energy laboratory course is being offered at WU with the goal of giving the students of WU and CSU hands on experiences. As part of this course, the students are constructing solar light posts for a local high school with a high minority population. A Physics teacher from this school and some of his high school students are involved with this project. A lecture course on energy systems and sustainability is being developed by SSU to be delivered via distance reaming to the other institutions. Summer activities are being planned at all three institutions involving student projects in renewable energy. For example, WU students will work on a study of the synthesis and properties of photovoltaic materials. In addition, CSU will present a weeklong summer program to high school students with the assistance of WU. This presentation will focus on the student involvement and achievements in the educational area to date and plot the future course of this program.

Buffinger, D. R.; Fuller, C. W.; Gordon, E. M.; Kalu, A.; Hepp, Aloysius F. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

352

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2005 Research Review  

SciTech Connect

Science and technology are at the heart of everything we do at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, as we pursue innovative, robust, and sustainable ways to produce energy--and as we seek to understand and illuminate the physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering behind alternative energy technologies. This year's Research Review highlights the Lab's work in the areas of alternatives fuels and vehicles, high-performing commercial buildings, and high-efficiency inverted, semi-mismatched solar cells.

Brown, H.; Gwinner, D.; Miller, M.; Pitchford, P.

2006-06-01

353

Renewable Energy Applications for Existing Buildings: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces technical opportunities, means, and methods for incorporating renewable energy (RE) technologies into building designs and operations. It provides an overview of RE resources and available technologies used successfully to offset building electrical and thermal energy loads. Methods for applying these technologies in buildings and the role of building energy efficiency in successful RE projects are addressed along with tips for implementing successful RE projects.

Hayter, S. J.; Kandt, A.

2011-08-01

354

Energy carriers from renewable sources: Chemical aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy security and energy availability are crucial for the sustainable development of technology in contemporary society.\\u000a Naturally, these issues are the focus of attention of politicians, diplomats, scientists, and technologists. These days, when\\u000a the finitude of hydrocarbon energy sources is becoming more and more obvious, the role of renewable sources increases. Biofuels\\u000a are already starting to compete with fossil fuels.

S. D. Varfolomeev; I. I. Moiseev; B. F. Myasoedov

2009-01-01

355

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

and there is a very strong link between energy use and both the level of economic activity and economic growth. Hence efficiency via substituting in cleaner sources (i.e. renewable energy). Although numerous studies have dealt consumption increases real GDP by 0.12%. For 16 emerging market economies over the period 1990 to 2007

356

Student Outreach With Renewable Energy Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is a joint grant that involves a collaboration between three HBCU's (Central State University, Savannah State University, and Wilberforce University) and NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. The overall goal of the grant is to increase the interest of minority students in the technical disciplines, to encourage participating minority students to continue their undergraduate study in these disciplines, and to promote graduate school to these students. As a part of SORET, Central State University has developed an undergraduate research associates program over the past two years. As part of this program, students are required to take special laboratory courses offered at Wilberforce University that involve the application of renewable energy systems. The course requires the students to design, construct, and install a renewable energy project. In addition to the applied renewable energy course, Central State University provided four undergraduate research associates the opportunity to participate in summer internships at Texas Southern University (Renewable Energy Environmental Protection Program) and the Cleveland African-American Museum (Renewable Energy Summer Camp for High School Students) an activity co sponsored by NASA and the Cleveland African-American Museum. Savannah State University held a high school summer program with a theme of the Direct Impact of Science on Our Every Day Lives. The purpose of the institute was to whet the interest of students in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) by demonstrating the effectiveness of science to address real world problems. The 2001 institute involved the design and installation of a PV water pumping system at the Center for Advanced Water Technology and Energy Systems at Savannah State. Both high school students and undergraduates contributed to this project. Wilberforce University has used NASA support to provide resources for an Applied Renewable Energy Laboratory offered to both Central State and Wilberforce students. In addition, research endeavors for high school and undergraduates were funded during the summer. The research involved attempts to layer photovoltaic materials on a conducting polymer (polypyrrole) substrate. Two undergraduate students who were interested in polymer research originated this concept. Finally, the university was able to purchase a meteorological station to assist in the analysis of the solar/wind hybrid power system operating at the university.

Clark, Eric B. (Technical Monitor); Buffinger, D.; Fuller, C.; Kalu, A.

2003-01-01

357

UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment Renewable Energy Technologies  

E-print Network

to 2010 under environmental constraints such as limit on CO2 emissions(IEA). - WHY GAP BETWEEN POTENTIAL AND ACTUAL ACHIEVEMENT #12;UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment 4 UNE P Renewable Energy

358

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings  

EIA Publications

Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

2010-01-01

359

Renewable Energy Reading List for Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a list of 17 publications dealing with various aspects of renewable energy resources. These publications are suitable for students in grades 6 through 12. Each publication includes title, publication date, source, number of pages, cost, and when applicable, recommended grade level(s). (JN)

Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

360

Books on Renewable Energy for Elementary Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a list of 20 books on renewable energy resources. These books are suitable for children in the elementary grades. Each entry includes the title, author(s) or editor(s), number of pages, price, publication date, recommended grade level(s), and source. (JN)

Conservation and Renewable Energy Inquiry and Referral Service (DOE), Silver Spring, MD.

361

Renewable energy potential and utilization in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources have been important for humans since the beginning of civilisation. For centuries, and in many ways, biomass has been used for heating, and cooking. Many centuries ago, mankind was already utilizing the clearly visible power of water for mechanical drive purposes, as was also the case with wind. Today, water mills are still used in our villages,

Kamil Kaygusuz; Ahmet Sar?

2003-01-01

362

RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance, serving millions

Eric Martinot; Akanksha Chaurey; Debra Lew; Jose Roberto Moreira; Njeri Wamukonya

2002-01-01

363

Renewable energy: economically sound, politically difficult  

SciTech Connect

If the national electricity market were to function properly by aligning electricity costs with prices, renewable energy technologies would offer the cheapest forms of power generation. The fundamental question is whether we want an electricity market that manipulates the presence of externalities to its advantage, or one that attempts to fully internalize them. (author)

Sovacool, Benjamin K.

2008-06-15

364

Renewable Energy for the Next Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewable energy is harnessed from natural and sustainable sources, like wind, sun and water. They offer a pollution-free, endless source of electricity that is crucial in the fight against climate change. Every unit of this "green" electricity directly replaces electricity normally generated from conventional polluting sources such as coal or…

Barton, Leslie

2005-01-01

365

Renewable energy: Externality costs as market barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the impact of environmentally based market failure constraints on the adoption of renewable energy technologies through the quantification in financial terms of the externalities of electric power generation, for a range of alternative commercial and almost-commercial technologies. It is shown that estimates of damage costs resulting from combustion of fossil fuels, if internalised into the price of

Anthony D. Owen

2006-01-01

366

Climate change and renewable energy portfolios   

E-print Network

The UK has a commitment to reduce greenhouse gases by at least 80% from 1990 levels by 2050. This will see the proportion of energy generated in the UK from renewable resources such as wind, solar, marine and bio-fuels ...

Burnett, Dougal James

2012-06-25

367

Renewable Energy Projects for Developing Countries Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This workshop was given by Michel Maupoux at Portland Community College's 2009 Summer Sustainability Institute. It focused on how to design and implement renewable energy systems in rural communities. The group looked at small off-grid solar photovoltaic systems for community buildings and options for water pumping systems.This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Maupoux, Michel

368

A renewable energy strategy for the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case for a renewable energy strategy which helps sustain life, peace and certain development, is argued, based on the premise that: Fossil fuel reserves are limited to perhaps the next generation: That burning fossil and nuclear fuels causes pollution with potentially catastrophic biological and geophysical consequences: and That conflict may arise over scarcity of fossil fuels and selective ownership

J. B. Thring; J. C. McVeigh

1997-01-01

369

Energy: Production, Consumption, and Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy policy in the United States and much of the analysis behind those policies is largely incomplete according to many. Systems for energy production, distribution, and use have traditionally been analyzed by supply sector, yet such analyses cannot capture the complex interplay of technology, economics, public policy, and environmental concerns…

Helm, John L., Ed.

370

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions  

SciTech Connect

In the U.S., a number of utilities are adopting higher penetrations of renewables, driven in part by state policies. While power systems have been designed to handle the variable nature of loads, the additional supply-side variability and uncertainty can pose new challenges for utilities and system operators. However, a variety of operational and technical solutions exist to help integrate higher penetrations of wind and solar generation. This paper explores renewable energy integration challenges and mitigation strategies that have been implemented in the U.S. and internationally, including forecasting, demand response, flexible generation, larger balancing areas or balancing area cooperation, and operational practices such as fast scheduling and dispatch.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.; Lew, D.

2013-09-01

371

Philippines: Small-scale renewable energy update  

SciTech Connect

This paper gives an overview of the application of small scale renewable energy sources in the Philippines. Sources looked at include solar, biomass, micro-hydroelectric, mini-hydroelectric, wind, mini-geothermal, and hybrid. A small power utilities group is being spun off the major utility, to provide a structure for developing rural electrification programs. In some instances, private companies have stepped forward, avoiding what is perceived as overwhelming beaurocracy, and installed systems with private financing. The paper provides information on survey work which has been done on resources, and the status of cooperative programs to develop renewable systems in the nation.

NONE

1997-12-01

372

Renewable Energy Integration and the Impact of Carbon Regulation  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Integration and the Impact of Carbon Regulation on the Electric Grid Future Grid the Future Electric Energy System #12;Thrust Area 3 White Paper Renewable Energy Integration and the Impact. #12;ii Executive Summary The integration of renewable energy resources into the power grid is driven

373

Designing and Managing Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Designing and Managing Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy ´I~nigo Goiri, William Katsak, Kien,wkatsak,lekien,tdnguyen,ricardob}@cs.rutgers.edu Abstract On-site renewable energy has the potential to reduce data- centers' carbon footprint and power/energy" datacenters, i.e. datacenters partially or completely powered by renewables such as solar or wind energy

374

Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy (Invited Paper) Zhoujia Mao Department@ece.osu.edu Abstract--Renewable energy sources can be attached to sensor nodes to provide energy replenishment of the deployment challenges. These renewable sources of energy could be attached to the nodes and would typically

Koksal, Can Emre

375

Financing the alternative: renewable energy in developing and transition countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the determinants of credit allocation to renewable energy firms in developing and transition countries. Using a simple en- dogenous growth model, we show that the development of the renewable energy sector, i.e. the diversification of renewable energy resources used in primary energy production, depends on the quality of financial intermedia- tion, debtor information costs to banks, and

Christa N. Brunnschweiler

2006-01-01

376

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

speeds ­ Low turbulence ­ Near load centers · Remotely located · No road transportation constraints at the California Energy Commission (CEC) September 3, 2014 California Renewable Energy Center #12;California Renewable Energy Center California Off-shore Wind Technology Assessment #12;California Renewable Energy

California at Davis, University of

377

Efficient Algorithms for Renewable Energy Allocation to Delay Tolerant Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the problem of allocating energy from renewable sources to flexible consumers in electricity markets. We assume there is a renewable energy supplier that provides energy according to a time-varying (and possibly unpredictable) supply process. The plant must serve consumers within a specified delay window, and incurs a cost of drawing energy from other (possibly non-renewable) sources if its

Michael J. Neely; Arash Saber Tehrani; Alexandros G. Dimakis

2010-01-01

378

The vulnerability of renewable energy to climate change in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy supply in Brazil relies heavily on renewable energy source. The production of energy from renewable sources, however, greatly depends on climatic conditions, which may be impacted in the future due to global climate change (GCC). This paper analyzes the vulnerabilities of renewable energy production in Brazil for the cases of hydropower generation and liquid biofuels production, given a set

André Frossard Pereira de Lucena; Alexandre Salem Szklo; Roberto Schaeffer; Raquel Rodrigues de Souza; Bruno Soares Moreira Cesar Borba; Isabella Vaz Leal da Costa; Amaro Olimpio Pereira Júnior; Sergio Henrique Ferreira da Cunha

2009-01-01

379

Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie (Netherlands) and  

E-print Network

1 Local Renewable Energy Initiatives: The development of Lochem Energie provision. There are a number of local renewable energy initiatives that emerged from all over Europe typically face. Keywords: sustainability transitions, strategic niche management, local renewable energy

Vellekoop, Michel

380

Status report on renewable energy in the States  

SciTech Connect

As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2) assess the impacts of state policies on renewable energy development; and (3) identify important information needs. The key findings from this effort are: Renewable energy development has occurred only slowly over the last decade, and a small number of states account for the bulk of development. The development that has occurred has been limited to non-utility entities. Directed state policies have been a key driver in renewable energy development. Those states not currently addressing renewables may need more data and information before they proceed with directed policies. Other important observations are: The cost of renewables is an overriding concern. Regulators distinguish between ``emerging`` and ``established`` renewable energy technologies. Specific data are lacking on state-level renewable energy development. Detailed renewable resource assessments have yet to be performed in many states. This report identifies renewable energy information needs of state regulators. However, a number of concerns are also identified that must be addressed before renewables will receive serious attention in many of those states with limited renewables experience. Finally, the report catalogs a wide variety of policies that have been utilized in the states to promote greater development of renewable energy.

Swezey, B.; Sinclair, K.

1992-12-01

381

Status report on renewable energy in the States  

SciTech Connect

As the concept of integrated resource planning has spread among states and utilities, a reexamination of the role of renewable energy sources in the utility resource mix is taking place. This report documents the findings of a study of state regulatory commissions undertaken to: (1) help assess the state of knowledge and awareness about renewable energy resources and technologies; (2) assess the impacts of state policies on renewable energy development; and (3) identify important information needs. The key findings from this effort are: Renewable energy development has occurred only slowly over the last decade, and a small number of states account for the bulk of development. The development that has occurred has been limited to non-utility entities. Directed state policies have been a key driver in renewable energy development. Those states not currently addressing renewables may need more data and information before they proceed with directed policies. Other important observations are: The cost of renewables is an overriding concern. Regulators distinguish between emerging'' and established'' renewable energy technologies. Specific data are lacking on state-level renewable energy development. Detailed renewable resource assessments have yet to be performed in many states. This report identifies renewable energy information needs of state regulators. However, a number of concerns are also identified that must be addressed before renewables will receive serious attention in many of those states with limited renewables experience. Finally, the report catalogs a wide variety of policies that have been utilized in the states to promote greater development of renewable energy.

Swezey, B.; Sinclair, K.

1992-12-01

382

International Data Base for the U.S. Renewable Energy Industry  

SciTech Connect

The International Data Base for the US Renewable Energy Industry was developed to provide the US renewable energy industry with background data for identifying and analyzing promising foreign market opportunities for their products and services. Specifically, the data base provides the following information for 161 developed and developing countries: (1) General Country Data--consisting of general energy indicators; (2) Energy Demand Data--covering commercial primary energy consumption; (3) Energy Resource Data--identifying annual average insolation, wind power, and river flow data; (4) Power System Data--indicating a wide range of electrical parameters; and (5) Business Data--including currency and credit worthiness data.

none

1986-05-01

383

California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology  

E-print Network

California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program Advisory, Statutes of 2007) created the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (hereinafter and renewable fuel projects to develop and improve alternative and renewable low-carbon fuels; · Demonstration

384

Renewable Energy Living Lab: Smart Solar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use real-world data to evaluate whether solar power is a viable energy alternative for several cities in different parts of the U.S. Working in small groups, they examine maps and make calculations using NREL/US DOE data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. In this exercise, students analyze cost and availability for solar power, and come to conclusions about whether solar power is a good solution for four different locations.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

385

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES INVESTMENT FINANCING: LESSONS LEARNT  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two major ways to finance Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in Romania: State supported and commercially. The Romanian Ministry of Interior and Administration Reform has started to modernize the local heating in schools by using the Ground Heat Pumps technology (www.mai.gov.ro). The Romanian Agency for Energy Conservation (www.arceonline.ro), on behalf of the Romanian Ministry of Economy and Finances, has

Mihai CRUCERU; Constantin Brancusi; Târgu Jiu

2007-01-01

386

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive September 1, 2004 ­ November 30, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology Collaborative 75 North Drive;January 20, 2005 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

387

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive December 1, 2004 ­ February 28, 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology Collaborative 75 North Drive Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

388

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive, 2004 ­ August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology Collaborative 75 North Drive Westborough 20, 2005 #12;January 20, 2005 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

389

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive September 01, 2006 ­ November 30, 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology Collaborative 75 North Drive;January 16, 2007 Renewable Energy Research Laboratory Page 1 University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

390

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Regional Technical School Bourne, MA September 1, 2004 ­ November 30, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts. Ray January 5, 2005 #12;Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

391

Siting Renewable Energy: Land Use and Regulatory Context  

E-print Network

This article takes up the increasingly important land use question of siting for renewable energy. As concern over climate change grows, new policies are being crafted at all levels of government to support renewable energy as a way of reducing...

Outka, Uma

2010-01-01

392

78 FR 26394 - Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 332-534] Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments AGENCY...report to USTR in investigation No. 332-534, Renewable Energy and Related Services: Recent Developments....

2013-05-06

393

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Utility Scale Renewables Renewable science and engineering in electrical systems and resource assessment. · Transfer knowledge's energy, security, and environmental goals. #12;Renewable Technology Integration Electricity, Resources

394

Communication Systems for Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Resources  

E-print Network

There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. In this grid integration, communication systems are crucial technologies, which enable the accommodation of distributed renewable energy generation and play extremely important role in monitoring, operating, and protecting both renewable energy generators and power systems. In this paper, we review some communication technologies available for grid integration of renewable energy resources. Then, we present the communication systems used in a real renewable energy project, Bear Mountain Wind Farm (BMW) in British Columbia, Canada. In addition, we present the communication systems used in Photovoltaic Power Systems (PPS). Finally, we outline some research challenges and possible solutions about the communication systems for grid integration of renewable energy resources.

Yu, F Richard; Xiao, Weidong; Choudhury, Paul

2011-01-01

395

Optimal Power Allocation for Renewable Energy Source  

E-print Network

Battery powered transmitters face energy constraint, replenishing their energy by a renewable energy source (like solar or wind power) can lead to longer lifetime. We consider here the problem of finding the optimal power allocation under random channel conditions for a wireless transmitter, such that rate of information transfer is maximized. Here a rechargeable battery, which is periodically charged by renewable source, is used to power the transmitter. All of above is formulated as a Markov Decision Process. Structural properties like the monotonicity of the optimal value and policy derived in this paper will be of vital importance in understanding the kind of algorithms and approximations needed in real-life scenarios. The effect of curse of dimensionality which is prevalent in Dynamic programming problems can thus be reduced. We show our results under the most general of assumptions.

Sinha, Abhinav

2011-01-01

396

Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) follow-on renewable energy (RE) assessment of Fort Hood. Fort Hood receives many solicitations from renewable energy vendors who are interested in doing projects on site. Based on specific requests from Fort Hood staff so they can better understand these proposals, and the results of PNNL's 2008 RE assessment of Fort Hood, the following resources were examined in this assessment: (1) Municipal solid waste (MSW) for waste-to-energy (WTE); (2) Wind; (3) Landfill gas; (4) Solar photovoltaics (PV); and (5) Shale gas. This report also examines the regulatory issues, development options, and environmental impacts for the promising RE resources, and includes a review of the RE market in Texas.

Solana, Amy E.; Warwick, William M.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Parker, Kyle R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Manning, Anathea

2011-11-14

397

Renewable Energy Resources in Lebanon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energy sector in Lebanon plays an important role in the overall development of the country, especially that it suffers from many serious problems. The fact that Lebanon is among the few countries that are not endowed with fossil fuels in the Middle East made this sector cause one third of the national debt in Lebanon. Despite the large government

R. Hamdy

2010-01-01

398

Pyramid Lake Renewable Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe is a federally recognized Tribe residing on the Pyramid Lake Reservation in western Nevada. The funding for this project was used to identify blind geothermal systems disconnected from geothermal sacred sites and develop a Tribal energy corporation for evaluating potential economic development for profit.

John Jackson

2008-03-14

399

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH August 2010  

E-print Network

response, and solar thermal systems - with the jail's existing solar photovoltaics, fuel cell cogeneration's fuel cell cogeneration system (1 MW) that powers a centralized, high-efficiency, low- nitrous oxide. The demonstration will address the integration issues for new wind power, large-scale energy storage, demand

400

Renewable Energy Opportunities Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe  

SciTech Connect

The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe has a vision to become self-sufficient in its energy needs and to maintain its culture and protect Mother Earth with respect and honor for the next seven generations. To achieve this vision, green energy sources such as solar, wind and biomass energy are the best energy paths to travel. In this feasibility study the Tribe has analyzed and provided data on the nature of the renewable resources available to the Tribe and the costs of implementing these technologies.

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe Planning Department; Smiley, Steve; Bennett, Keith, DOE Project Officer

2008-10-22

401

Renewable Energy Positioning System: Energy Positioning: Control and Economics  

SciTech Connect

GENI Project: The University of Washington and the University of Michigan are developing an integrated system to match well-positioned energy storage facilities with precise control technologies so the electric grid can more easily include energy from renewable power sources like wind and solar. Because renewable energy sources provide intermittent power, it is difficult for the grid to efficiently allocate those resources without developing solutions to store their energy for later use. The two universities are working with utilities, regulators, and the private sector to position renewable energy storage facilities in locations that optimize their ability to provide and transmit electricity where and when it is needed most. Expanding the network of transmission lines is prohibitively expensive, so combining well-placed storage facilities with robust control systems to efficiently route their power will save consumers money and enable the widespread use of safe, renewable sources of power.

None

2012-03-01

402

Potential and use of renewable energy sources in Croatia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current share of renewable energy sources in electricity production in Croatia is very high, around 50%. Nevertheless it is expected that the share of renewables will have to rise and efficient strategies must be examined and adopted. The Croatian government has recognised the important role renewable energy sources could play in Croatian energy and electricity supply. The most important

Maja Boži?evi? Vrhov?ak; Željko Tomši?; Nenad Debrecin

2006-01-01

403

Turkey's Renewable Energy Sources: Part 1. Historical Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is accepted as a key source for the future, not only for Turkey, but also for the world. Turkey has a considerably high level of renewable energy resources that can be a part of the total energy network in the country. The main objective in doing the present study is to investigate the historical development of Turkey's renewable

ARIF HEPBASLI; ONDER OZGENER

2004-01-01

404

Nanotechnology's Implications for Select Systems of Renewable Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developments in micro and nanotechnology within the renewable energy industry have the potential to create significant advances for the renewable energy industry. A review of selected renewable energy sectors being influenced by micro and nanotechnology was performed, finding that the most promising areas involve electricity generation, biomass technologies, and hydrogen technologies. Such technologies include: surface microtexturization and nanocrystalline films in

J. R. Saunders; D. Benfield; W. Moussa; A. Amirfazli

2007-01-01

405

Managing Variable Energy Resources to Increase Renewable Electricity's  

E-print Network

Electricity? 7 What Is Renewable Electricity's Current Contribution to Electricity Generation? 9 Why Contribution of Renewable Energy to Total Electricity Generation? 15 ManaGInG VaRIablE EnERGy REsouRCEs 16 WhatManaging Variable Energy Resources to Increase Renewable Electricity's Contribution to the Grid P o

406

Opportunities and challenges for renewable energy policy in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy is the inevitable choice for sustainable economic growth, for the harmonious coexistence of human and environment as well as for the sustainable development. Government support is the key and initial power for developing renewable energy. In this article, an overall review has been conducted on renewable energy development policy (including laws and regulations, economic encouragement, technical research and

Zhang Peidong; Yang Yanli; Shi jin; Zheng Yonghong; Wang Lisheng; Li Xinrong

2009-01-01

407

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article  

E-print Network

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article Compact electrical generators.: Illustration shows magnified view of high temperature superconductor cable. #12;renewable energy focus July/August 2009 39 Renewable energy/infrastructure there has been excitement about superconductivity. The sting

Hampshire, Damian

408

Building a "Margin of Safety" Into Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Building a "Margin of Safety" Into Renewable Energy Procurements: A Review of Experience purchasers and electricity regulators must confront the reality that signed renewable energy contracts will not always yield operational projects on the timeline given in the contracts themselves. Renewable energy

409

A STUDY OF INCREASED USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY  

E-print Network

A STUDY OF INCREASED USE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES IN VIRGINIA Performed by: The Virginia Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado · Appendix B: Lori Bird and Gian Porro, National Renewable Center for Coal and Energy Research Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Michael Karmis

410

National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway  

E-print Network

#12;National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303 Conditions Affecting the Future of Renewable Energy in the West Executive Summary David J. Hurlbut, Joyce McLaren, and Rachel Gelman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. AROE.2000 NREL is a national

411

Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Microgrid Testbed at NASA Ames Research Center Joel Kubby, Dan O'Leary, Zachary #12;Goals · Set-up a unique microgrid test-bed for renewable energy generation, monitoring and storage · Use the facility for testing systems integration, optimization and control of new renewable energy

Lee, Herbie

412

METR 4553/5553 Climate and Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

METR 4553/5553 Climate and Renewable Energy 11:30-12:45 TR, Room 5600 NWC Spring 2012 Instructor Dr: "Renewable Energy", Godfrey Boyle, Oxford University Press, 2004 Course web site: Accessed on Desire2Learn 10 Week 14 Global warming and renewable energy Week 15 Environmental Tech EXAM 2 (Thurs., April 26

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

413

Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1  

E-print Network

Coordinated Renewable Energy Support Schemes Stine Grenaa Jensen1 , and Poul Erik Morthorst2 Risø for renewable energy are regionalised. Two theoretical examples are used to explain interactive effects on, e-ordination of support schemes for renewable energy technologies plays a prominent role at the European agenda (EC, 2005

414

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy Joseph Flocco David Lath Department of Electrical. Hydropower Water has grown in previous years to become the most widely used form of renewable energy across years to come from Hydropower. It is considered to be a renewable energy source because it uses

Lavaei, Javad

415

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy Ramana Nanda  

E-print Network

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy Ramana Nanda Harvard Business School Ken Younge://www.funginstitute.berkeley.edu/sites/default/ les/Renewable_Energy.pdf July 18, 2013 130 Blum Hall #5580 Berkeley, CA 94720-5580 | (510) 664-4337 | www.funginstitute.berkeley.edu #12;Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Renewable Energy Ramana Nanda

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

416

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Dynamically Positioned Buoy  

E-print Network

i Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Dynamically Positioned Buoy by Robert Sean Pagliari ________________________ #12; ii We the undersigned committee hereby approve the attached thesis Hybrid Renewable Energy, College of Engineering #12; iii Abstract Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Dynamically Positioned

Wood, Stephen L.

417

1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 677, Marine Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

1. Department, Course Number, Title ORE 677, Marine Renewable Energy 2. Designation as a Required. Renewable Energy from the Ocean ­ a Guide to OTEC, W.H. Avery and C. Wu, Oxford University Press, 1994. 2 and tidal resources. 3. An understanding of the role of ocean renewable energy within the current worldwide

Frandsen, Jannette B.

418

REEP-CERT 1 Renewable Energy Engineering and Policy Certificate  

E-print Network

REEP-CERT 1 Renewable Energy Engineering and Policy Certificate (REEP-CERT) Purpose This interdisciplinary Graduate Certificate in Renewable Energy Engineering and Policy (REEP- CERT) is offered-CERT will recognize the graduate student's interest and academic accomplishments in the field of renewable energy

Firestone, Jeremy

419

Time to stop experimenting with UK renewable energy policy  

E-print Network

Time to stop experimenting with UK renewable energy policy ICEPT Working Paper October 2010 Ref measures to promote the development of renewable energy technologies. It is focused upon technologies upon the international evidence base that has grown up around renewable energy over the last 20 years

420

“Social capitalism” in renewable energy generation: China and California comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a population of over 1.3 billion people, demand for renewable energy is expected to grow to a USD $12 billion market in the near term. Under Renewable Energy Law (REL) in February 2005 in the People's Republic of China (PRC) passed by the National Congress, renewable energy projects will be able to receive a range of financial incentives starting

Woodrow W. Clark II; Xing Li

2010-01-01

421

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Center Assessment of Geothermal Resources In Under-served Regions #12;California Renewable Energy Center The goal of this task is to develop a methodology for assessing geothermal resourcesRESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Public Workshop

California at Davis, University of

422

Renewable Energy Markets and Policies  

E-print Network

optimization · Security of supply · Leading European Industry · Environment · Reducing emissions · Mitigating · Security ­ environment ­ climate ­ mixed (4Es) · 4Es · Energy security · Economic development LB C BD K T H NZ GR IR F L USFI PA AUSITADK UK J NZ F IR NO UK EU GR CZ J K NO NE CH SW E CZ KB E FI

423

Climate Kids: Renewable Energy Scientist  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to a scientist who works primarily on wind energy. He explains the importance of wind farm placement planning. Images of architectural wind and a wind farm are included, along with a link to the Power Up game. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

424

Consortium for Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Consortium for Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET) is a project funded by the National Science Foundation that is working to promote renewable energy and environmental sustainability in an impressive array of ways. They offer a certificate in Renewable Energy Technology at colleges and universities across the Midwest, provide job reports and forecasts for renewable energy jobs, list an impressive store of resources related to all types of sustainable energy, and fund various projects supporting the same goal. All of these wonderful facets can be explored more thoroughly on their website. This is a great resource for students, teachers, and workers in the renewable energy field.

425

Parking, energy consumption and air pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impacts of different ways of parking on environmental effects, mainly vehicle emissions and air pollution. Vehicle energy consumption and the urban air quality at street level, related to location and design of parking establishments, need to be assessed and quantified. In addition, the indoor parking environment needs attention.This paper gives a description of a methodological approach

Paul G. Höglund

2004-01-01

426

Reducing Cluster Energy Consumption through Workload Management  

E-print Network

, and Laura Keys, as well as to the many individual student reviewers in the EECS department who provided workload of the first study, we present NapSAC, a design for a power-proportional cluster consisting are able to reduce energy consumption while maintaining acceptable response times. Our results for Nap

California at Irvine, University of

427

Renewable Energy in Mexico: Current Status and Future Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the current situation and the future prospects for the application of renewable energy in Mexico. It shows\\u000a that, in spite of the abundance of renewable energy resources, generation of electricity and other non-electric applications\\u000a are minimal. Opportunities to use renew-ables as part of the Mexican energy mix are many, and could bring a number of benefits,\\u000a social,

Jorge M. Huacuz

428

Renewable energy: Externality costs as market barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper addresses the impact of environmentally,based market,failure constraints on the adoption,of renewable,energy technologies through the quantification in financial terms of the externalities of electric power generation, for a range of alternative commercial and almost-commercial technologies. It is shown that estimates of damage costs resulting from combustion of fossil fuels, if internalised into the price of the resulting output

D. Owen

429

North Carolina Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industry Census 2008  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this report from the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association on renewable energy and energy efficiency in that state. The report focuses on data collected for the year 2008. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

430

National Renewable Energy Laboratory: 35 Years of Innovation (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure is an overview of NREL's innovations over the last 35 years. It includes the lab's history and a description of the laboratory of the future. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency. NREL's work focuses on advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to the commercial marketplace through industry partnerships. The Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, a partnership between Battelle and MRIGlobal, manages NREL for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

Not Available

2012-04-01

431

Renewable energy policy and electricity restructuring: a California case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many countries are in the process of deregulating and restructuring their electric power industries. Although the introduction of retail competition may have negative impacts on the development of renewable energy, a number of countries are establishing new programs to support these clean energy technologies. In the United States, debate has centered on three primary renewables support mechanisms: (1) the renewables

Ryan Wiser; Steven Pickle; Charles Goldman

1998-01-01

432

Renewable Energy in India: Status and future Potential  

E-print Network

Side Management (Solar Water Heater, Passive Solar) #12;Renewables in Power Power generation 6500 PJ Thermal Solar Photovoltaic Tidal Wave Ocean Thermal #12;Power Generation Options Power Generation Heating #12;Renewable Energy Options Renewable Energy Solar Wind Biomass GeothermalSmall Hydro Solar

Banerjee, Rangan

433

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to assess the feasibility of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. A solar energy project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of potential future energy savings, increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a solar project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Technical appropriateness; ? Solar resource characteristics and expected system performance; ? Levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) economic assessment. The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC or the Community) contracted the ANTARES Group, Inc. (“ANTARES”) to prepare a biomass resource assessment study and evaluate the feasibility of a bioenergy project on Community land. A biomass project could provide a number of benefits to the Community in terms of increased employment, environmental benefits from renewable energy generation and usage, and increased energy self-sufficiency. The study addresses a number of facets of a biomass project’s overall feasibility, including: ? Resource analysis and costs; ? Identification of potential bioenergy projects; ? Technical and economic (levelized cost of energy) modeling for selected project configuration.

Rooney, Tim [Antares Group Inc.] [Antares Group Inc.

2013-10-30

434

Renewable Energy Options for a Utility System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, renewable energies have been re-addressed with respect to the potentials and feasibility of being incorporated in process industries. Within a process, utility system is considered to be the most appropriate place for using sustainable energies. For integrating the renewable energies, the pinch analysis is applied as the main tool to provide opportunity for energy conservation. The results demonstrated that the power generation by the wind is the most cost effective and environmentally friendly option for energy conservation in comparison to the other sustainable resources. However the tidal energy stands the least due to the long payback period. Also, a computer program has been developed, using MATLAB 7.3, to screen out different scenarios and perform economic study. The outcome data showed that, there are several different opportunities for the integration of alternative energies. Finally, this method has been applied to a case study and various retrofit projects have been identified, each of which has certain amount of CO2 reduction and estimated values for the required investment, saving potential and payback period.

Ahmadi, Lena; Panjeshahi, M. Hassan; Perry, Simon

2009-05-01

435

Reducing Energy Consumption in China's Railway Freight Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the present situation of transportation energy consumption in China and the energy saving advantages of railway transport, it can be seen that there are some space to save energy for China's railway freight transportation. Through analyzing the procedure of railway transport energy consumption, this paper discusses the relationship between the energy consumption influencing factors, and presents several organization

Peng Yongzhao; Lang Maoxiang; Liu Jiangtao

2010-01-01

436

Div ision of T echnology, Industry & Economics Energy Branch Deploying renewable energy  

E-print Network

Div ision of T echnology, Industry & Economics Energy Branch Deploying renewable energy, Industry & Economics Energy Branch 1. Policy landscape 2. Helping transition to Renewable Energy 3 governments are promoting renewable energy. Renewable energy ­ Policy Landscape #12;Div ision of T echnology

Canet, LĂ©onie

437

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive 01, 2004 -- November 30, 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology Collaborative 75 North Drive of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

438

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive Brewster Island, Massachusetts September 1, 2007 ­ November 30, 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, MA 01003 NOTICE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by the Renewable

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

439

Renewable Energy Applications for Rural Development in China  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a description of current work to promote and support the developing market for renewable (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in China. Since the signing of the US/China Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology Development and Utilization in 1995, NREL has helped to promote RE and EE technologies, specifically rural energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and renewable energy business development, in addition to more general policy and planning support. This paper focuses on NREL's work in support of the $240 million Township Electrification Program, which is providing power to over 1000 rural communities using renewable based energy sources.

Ku, J.; Baring-Gould, E. I.; Stroup, K.

2005-01-01

440

A Stochastic Calculus for Network Systems with Renewable Energy Sources  

E-print Network

We consider the performance modeling and evaluation of network systems powered with renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy. Such energy sources largely depend on environmental conditions, which are hard to predict accurately. As such, it may only make sense to require the network systems to support a soft quality of service (QoS) guarantee, i.e., to guarantee a service requirement with a certain high probability. In this paper, we intend to build a solid mathematical foundation to help better understand the stochastic energy constraint and the inherent correlation between QoS and the uncertain energy supply. We utilize a calculus approach to model the cumulative amount of charged energy and the cumulative amount of consumed energy. We derive upper and lower bounds on the remaining energy level based on a stochastic energy charging rate and a stochastic energy discharging rate. By building the bridge between energy consumption and task execution (i.e., service), we study the QoS guarantee under...

Wu, Kui; Marinakis, Dimitri

2011-01-01

441

WIRE: Weather Intelligence for Renewable Energies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energies such as wind and solar energy will play an important, even decisive role in order to mitigate and adapt to the projected dramatic consequences to our society and environment due to climate change. Due to shrinking fossil resources, the transition to more and more renewable energy shares is unavoidable. But, as wind and solar energy are strongly dependent on highly variable weather processes, increased penetration rates will also lead to strong fluctuations in the electricity grid which need to be balanced. Proper and specific forecasting of ‘energy weather' is a key component for this. Therefore, it is today appropriate to scientifically address the requirements to provide the best possible specific weather information for forecasting the energy production of wind and solar power plants within the next minutes up to several days. Towards such aims, Weather Intelligence will first include developing dedicated post-processing algorithms coupled with weather prediction models and with past and/or online measurement data especially remote sensing observations. Second, it will contribute to investigate the difficult relationship between the highly intermittent weather dependent power production and concurrent capacities such as transport and distribution of this energy to the end users. Selecting, resp. developing surface-based and satellite remote sensing techniques well adapted to supply relevant information to the specific post-processing algorithms for solar and wind energy production short-term forecasts is a major task with big potential. It will lead to improved energy forecasts and help to increase the efficiency of the renewable energy productions while contributing to improve the management and presumably the design of the energy grids. The second goal will raise new challenges as this will require first from the energy producers and distributors definitions of the requested input data and new technologies dedicated to the management of power plants and electricity grids and second from the meteorological measurement community to deliver suitable, short term high quality forecasts to fulfill these requests with emphasis on highly variable weather conditions and spatially distributed energy productions often located in complex terrain. This topic has been submitted for a new COST Action under the title "Short-Term High Resolution Wind and Solar Energy Production Forecasts".

Heimo, A.; Cattin, R.; Calpini, B.

2010-09-01

442

Electrical energy consumption control apparatuses and electrical energy consumption control methods  

DOEpatents

Electrical energy consumption control apparatuses and electrical energy consumption control methods are described. According to one aspect, an electrical energy consumption control apparatus includes processing circuitry configured to receive a signal which is indicative of current of electrical energy which is consumed by a plurality of loads at a site, to compare the signal which is indicative of current of electrical energy which is consumed by the plurality of loads at the site with a desired substantially sinusoidal waveform of current of electrical energy which is received at the site from an electrical power system, and to use the comparison to control an amount of the electrical energy which is consumed by at least one of the loads of the site.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2012-09-04

443

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for biology  

SciTech Connect

An instructional aid for teachers is presented that will allow biology students the opportunity to learn about renewable energy sources. Some of the school activities include using leaves as collectors of solar energy, solar energy stored in wood, and a fuel value test for green and dry woods. A study of organic wastes as a source of fuel is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1982-01-01

444

Solar energy education. Renewable energy activities for general science  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy topics are integrated with the study of general science. The literature is provided in the form of a teaching manual and includes such topics as passive solar homes, siting a home for solar energy, and wind power for the home. Other energy topics are explored through library research activities. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

445

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Basic Energy Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers basic engineering science for understanding energy. Topics like force, energy, power, thermodynamics, the periodic table and stoichiometry are covered. A number of useful graphics are included to enhance the materials. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

446

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for chemistry and physics  

SciTech Connect

Information on renewable energy sources is provided for students in this teachers' guide. With the chemistry and physics student in mind, solar energy topics such as absorber plate coatings for solar collectors and energy collection and storage methods are studied. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

447

Evaluating Interventions in the U.S. Electricity System: Assessments of Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy,  

E-print Network

of Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, and Small-Scale Cogeneration from electricity generation. Renewable energy, energy efficiency, and energy, where performance is measured relative to three objectives: energy production

448

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Portfolio Standards  

SciTech Connect

The State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) project is supported by the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program within the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This project seeks to quantify the impacts of existing state policies, and to identify crucial policy attributes and their potential applicability to other states. The goal is to assist states in determining which clean energy policies or policy portfolios will best accomplish their environmental, economic, and security goals. For example, a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) mandates an increase in the use of wind, solar, biomass, and other alternatives to fossil and nuclear electric generation. This paper provides a summary of the policy objectives that commonly drive the establishment of an RPS, the key issues that states have encountered in implementing an RPS, and the strategies that some of the leading states have followed to address implementation challenges. The factors that help an RPS function best generally have been explored in other analyses. This study complements others by comparing empirical outcomes, and identifying the policies that appear to have the greatest impact on results.

Hurlbut, D.

2008-07-01

449

Renewable Energy at NASA's Johnson Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Johnson Space Center has implemented a great number of renewable energy systems. Renewable energy systems are necessary to research and implement if we humans are expected to continue to grow and thrive on this planet. These systems generate energy using renewable sources - water, wind, sun - things that we will not run out of. Johnson Space Center is helping to pave the way by installing and studying various renewable energy systems. The objective of this report will be to examine the completed renewable energy projects at NASA's Johnson Space Center for a time span of ten years, beginning in 2003 and ending in early 2014. This report will analyze the success of each project based on actual vs. projected savings and actual vs. projected efficiency. Additionally, both positive and negative experiences are documented so that lessons may be learned from past experiences. NASA is incorporating renewable energy wherever it can, including into buildings. According to the 2012 JSC Annual Sustainability Report, there are 321,660 square feet of green building space on JSC's campus. The two projects discussed here are major contributors to that statistic. These buildings were designed to meet various Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certification criteria. LEED Certified buildings use 30 to 50 percent less energy and water compared to non-LEED buildings. The objectives of this project were to examine data from the renewable energy systems in two of the green buildings onsite - Building 12 and Building 20. In Building 12, data was examined from the solar photovoltaic arrays. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater system. By examining the data from the two buildings, it could be determined if the renewable energy systems are operating efficiently. Objectives In Building 12, the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays shows that the system is continuously collecting energy from the sun, as shown by the graph below. Building 12 has two solar inverters, located on the second floor, that collected the data from the solar photovoltaic arrays. The data displayed here is the total energy produced by the system. These are cumulative amounts, so the last point on the graph shows all of the energy collected from the system since the start of its operation. The data shown here was manually collected from the solar inverters. However, the data is also automatically recorded through EBI. Through analysis of both sets of data it was determined that the EBI data was faulty. For example, from the manually collected data it can be determined that a total of 73 kWh of energy was collected between the dates of 1/16/2014 – 1/22/2014. The EBI data reports that approximately 17800 kWh of energy was collected during the same time frame. Not only does this exceed the time frame examined, but it also exceeds the total energy collected from the start of collection as recorded from the inverters. This leads to the belief that there is a malfunction with the automatic recording of the energy. In Building 20, data was examined from the solar water heater dating back many months and found that the pump for the solar water heater system was not operating properly, as exhibited in the graph shown below. The pump operates on a solar energy system, meaning that it collects energy throughout the day from the sun. Because of this, the system would stop operating shortly after the sun set because of a lack of sunlight. At that point, the graph should show a zero flow rate, but as exhibited in the graph below, that is not the case. It is clearly shown that the pump is continuously operating, even during the night. It was also observed that the majority of the time the pump would not turn on at all, despite good weather conditions. This led to the conclusion that the pump is malfunctioning, and needs to be examined and fixed.

McDowall, Lindsay

2014-01-01

450

ENER Forum 3. Successfully Promoting Renewable Energy Sources in Europe. Budapest, Hungary, 6-7 June 2002  

E-print Network

consumption by 2010. These supplies would be mainly biomass, hydropower, wind energy and solar energy. Next to biomass, wind energy is foreseen to be the main future contributor (European Commission, 1997)35. In lineENER Forum 3. Successfully Promoting Renewable Energy Sources in Europe. Budapest, Hungary, 6

451

Evaluation of tools for renewable energy policy analysis: The renewable energy penetration model  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act of 1992 establishes a program to support development of renewable energy technologies including a production incentive to public power utilities. Because there is a wide range of possible policy actions that could be taken to increase electric market share for renewables, modeling tools are needed to help make informed decisions regarding future policy. Previous energy modeling tools did not contain the regional or infrastructure focus necessary to examine renewable technologies. As a result, the Department of Energy Office of Utility Technologies (OUT) supported the development of tools for renewable energy policy analysis. Three models were developed: The Renewable Energy Penetration (REP) model, which is a spreadsheet model for determining first-order estimates of policy effects for each of the ten federal regions; the Ten Federal Region Model (TFRM), which employs utility capacity expansion and dispatching decisions; and the Regional Electric Policy Analysis Model (REPAM) which was constructed to allow detailed insight into interactions between policy and technology within an individual region. In 1993, the OUT supported the Oak Ridge Institute of Science and Education (ORISE) to form an expert panel to provide an independent review of the REP model and TFRM. This report contains the panel`s evaluation of the REP model; the TFRM is evaluated in a companion report. The panel did not review the REPAM. The panel met for a second time in January 1994 to discuss model simulations and deliberate regarding evaluation outcomes. This report is largely a result of this second meeting. The remainder of this chapter provides a description of the REP model and summarizes the panel`s findings. Individual chapters examine various aspects of the model: demand and load, capacity expansion, dispatching and production costing, reliability, renewables, storage, transmission, financial and regulatory concerns, and environmental effects.

Engle, J.

1994-04-01

452

Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

2011-07-01

453

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Center Solar Heating and Cooling Technology Analysis #12;California Renewable Energy Center/Energy+Goals+and+Potential+Studies.htm David McCollum, Christopher Yang, Sonia Yeh, Deep Greenhouse Gas Reduction Scenarios for California -- Strategic implication from the CA- TIMES energy-economic systems model. Energy Strategy Reviews, Vol 1

California at Davis, University of

454

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW  

E-print Network

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW SUITE 700 WASHINGTON, DC 20036 WWW Energy and Security Act of 2009 that was released as a discussion draft on March 31. While waste-to-energy gas reductions and renewable energy provided by waste-to-energy and if it implemented policies

Columbia University

455

What Role for Renewable Energy in International Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Promotion of renewable energies is crucial to achieving the reduction targets and climate change mitigation aimed by the international law. At the global level, the year 2012 has been proclaimed by the United Nations as the International Year of Sustainable Energy (Res. 65\\/151). This is a valuable opportunity for public awareness regarding sustainable energy, energy efficiency and renewable energy. At

Mar Campins Eritja

2012-01-01

456

Assessment of CO2 reduction by renewable energy generators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy resources such as wind, wave, solar, micro hydro, tidal and biomass among others are becoming more important because of increasingly restricted environmental constraints. Production of electrical energy using solar energy falls next to wind energy among all renewable energy sources. While a two-state model is well suited for modeling conventional generators, a multi-state model is needed for modeling

Jaeseok Choi; M. Shahidehpour; R. Billinton

2010-01-01

457

Assessing the Energy Consumption of Smartphone Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile devices are increasingly becoming essential in people's lives. The advancement in technology and mobility factor are allowing users to utilize mobile devices for communication, entertainment, financial planning, fitness tracking, etc. As a result, mobile applications are also becoming important factors contributing to user utility. However, battery capacity is the limiting factor impacting the quality of user experience. Hence, it is imperative to understand how much energy impact do mobile apps have on the system relative to other device activities. This thesis presents a systematic studying of the energy impact of mobile apps features. Time-series electrical current measurements are collected from 4 different modern smartphones. Statistical analysis methodologies are used to calculate the energy impact of each app feature by identifying and extracting mobile app-feature events from the overall current signal. In addition, the app overhead energy costs are also computed. Total energy consumption equations for each component is developed and an overall total energy consumption equation is presented. Minutes Lost (ML) of normal phone operations due to the energy consumption of the mobile app functionality is computed for cases where the mobile app is simulated to run on the various devices for 30 minutes. Tutela Technologies Inc. mobile app, NAT, is used for this study. NAT has two main features: QoS and Throughput. The impact of the QoS feature is indistinguishable, i.e. ML is zero, relative to other phone activities. The ML with only the TP feature enabled is on average 2.1 minutes. Enabling the GPS increases the ML on average to 11.5 minutes. Displaying the app GUI interface in addition to running the app features and enabling the GPS results in an average ML of 12.4 minutes. Amongst the various mobile app features and components studied, the GPS consumes the highest amount of energy. It is estimated that the GPS increases the ML by about 448%.

Abousaleh, Mustafa M.

458

A residential end-use energy consumption model for Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The residential sector is the third largest end-use energy consumer in Canada. With the increasing pressure on Canada to reduce its energy consumption and the associated carbon dioxide emissions, reducing energy consumption in the residential sector is very important. To quantitatively assess the impact of the large number of measures that can be adopted to reduce the residential energy consumption,

A. S. Fung; M. Aydinalp; V. I. Ugursal

1998-01-01

459

Mass and energy-capital conservation equations to study price evolution of non-renewable energy resources, Part III – Energy supply curve  

Microsoft Academic Search

The price evolution of non-renewable resources versus the consumption rate is investigated with the aim of constructing the energy supply curve. The case studied is without accumulation nor depletion of the resources and the mass and energy-capital conservation equations are solved under the condition of the same mass flow rate of extraction and sale. The energy supply curve of extracted

F. Gori

2009-01-01

460

Financing Public Sector Projects with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds; Fact Sheet Series on Financing Renewable Energy Projects, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing a tax credit to the bondholder in lieu of interest payments from the issuer. Because CREBs are theoretically interest free, they may be more attractive than traditional tax-exempt municipal bonds.

C. Kreycik; J. Couglin

2009-01-01

461

Macrolevel integrated renewable energy production schemes for sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production of renewable clean energy is a prime necessity for the sustainable future existence of our planet. However, because of the resource-intensive nature, and other challenges associated with these new generation renewable energy sources, novel industrial frameworks need to be co-developed. Integrated renewable energy production schemes with foundations on resource sharing, carbon neutrality, energy-efficient design, source reduction, green processing

Bobban G. Subhadra

2011-01-01

462

California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology  

E-print Network

California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program Advisory, Statutes of 2007) created the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (hereinafter. Under the Program, the following shall be eligible for funding: 3 · Alternative and renewable fuel

463

Nonresidential Building Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS)  

SciTech Connect

Imputation procedures were designed for the 1983 Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (NBECS) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) using 1979 NBECS data. The study included methodology development, data analysis, regression analyses, empirical evaluations of the regression models, and imputation procedures. Models considered were engineering models, stepwise regression, weighted regression, nonlinear regression, and log transformation regression. A method for determining the appropriateness of the imputation model for a particular set of independent variables is recommended. Although this study was completed in 1985, this final version of the report is being issued due to continuing requests for information. 32 tabs.

Flanagan, D.M.; Tsao, H.J.; Schmoyer, R.L. Jr.; MacDonald, J.M.

1990-10-01

464

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL's Campus of the Future  

E-print Network

Alternative Fuel Users Facility (AFUF) #12;National Renewable Energy LaNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future NREL's Campus of the Future research objectives for clean energy technologies · Creating a sustainable energy future for not only our

465

Renewable energy and conservation measures for non-residential buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy demand in most countries is growing at an alarming rate and identifying economically feasible building retrofit solutions to decrease the need for fossil fuels so as to mitigate their environmental and societal impacts has become imperative. Two approaches are available for identifying feasible retrofit solutions: 1) the implementation of energy conservation measures; and 2) the production of energy from renewable sources. This thesis focuses on the development of retrofit software planning tools for the implementation of solar photovoltaic systems, and lighting system retrofits for mid-Michigan institutional buildings. The solar planning tool exploits the existing blueprint of a building's rooftop, and via image processing, the layouts of the solar photovoltaic arrays are developed based on the building's geographical location and typical weather patterns. The resulting energy generation of a PV system is estimated and is utilized to determine levelized energy costs. The lighting system retrofit analysis starts by a current utilization assessment of a building to determine the amount of energy used by the lighting system. Several LED lighting options are evaluated on the basis of color correlation temperature, color rendering index, energy consumption, and financial feasibility, to determine a retrofit solution. Solar photovoltaic installations in mid-Michigan are not yet financially feasible, but with the anticipated growth and dynamic complexity of the solar photovoltaic market, this solar planning tool is able to assist building proprietors make executive decisions regarding their energy usage. Additionally, a lighting system retrofit is shown to have significant financial and health benefits.

Grossman, Andrew James

466

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the fourth quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of April 1, 2003 to June 30, 2003. However, IEUA is preparing a Supplemental report that will be mailed to the Department of Energy (DOE) by August 1, 2003, that provides additional information regarding IEUA's plan to expedite certain project activities. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings, discussions, and engineering and design activities that took place to finalize the project scope of work and complete the Request for Proposal (RFP) for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project. IEUA has decided to invite three more consulting engineering firms besides CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, to submit proposals for the design of the energy efficiency project. The proposals are currently in the evaluation phase and a decision is expected by the end of July. IEUA moved to its new headquarters building on June 13, 2003. The central plant is the system that supplies cooling and heating water to the headquarters building, and it primarily consists of equipment listed in the cooperative agreement under ''Chiller and Heater''. The central plant equipment was successfully installed and started. Other activities include gas analysis of three sources of low quality digester gas and foul air which could be used as fuel for an innovative flex microturbine. IEUA is also working with Stirling Energy Systems to determine if the Agency should be a host site for their equipment for testing the engine's operation on digester and natural gas. A matching funds update is also included in the Results and Discussion section, which presents the work effort performed by the PIER Consultant and the associated costs that serve as matching funds for the RP-5 Project during this report period.

Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

2003-07-28

467

Contributions of Renewable Energy Resources to Re-source Diversity  

E-print Network

1 Contributions of Renewable Energy Resources to Re- source Diversity George Gross, Fellow, IEEE of renewable energy resources in meeting future energy needs. The dwindling oil supplies and their in- creasing of sources such as wind, solar, photovoltaic, biofuels, geo- thermal and hydro for energy supply

Gross, George

468

Barriers to renewable energy penetration; a framework for analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy has the potential to play an important role in providing energy with sustainability to the vast populations in developing countries who as yet have no access to clean energy. Although economically viable for several applications, renewable energy has not been able to realise its potential due to several barriers to its penetration. A framework has been developed in

J. P. Painuly

2001-01-01

469

Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid"  

E-print Network

1 Technical Report for "Hybrid Renewable Energy Investment in Microgrid" Hao Wang, Jianwei Huang University of Hong Kong Email: {haowang, jwhuang}@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--Both solar energy and wind energy are promising renewable sources to meet the world's problem of energy shortage in the near future. In this paper

Huang, Jianwei

470

Current status and perspectives of renewable energy sources in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using renewable energy sources is one of the crucial components of the sustainable development, giving rational economic, ecological and social effects. Developed countries notice the necessity of emission reduction from combustion of energy fuels processes and the necessity of seeking alternative energy resources. Support for development of the use of renewable energy sources became a very important objective within the

J. Paska; M. Sa?ek; T. Surma

2009-01-01

471

Territory and energy sustainability: the challenge of renewable energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of energy production is assuming an ever more pivotal role in the most recent international debate on sustainable development. In particular, the development of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) is seen as a great opportunity to achieve sustainability objectives and targets. This consideration reinforces the great debate on the active role of the local dimension in achieving sustainability objectives.

Marco Bagliani; Egidio Dansero; Matteo Puttilli

2010-01-01

472

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Energy Storage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers energy storage challenges. Some of the information includes details on ultracapacitors, flywheels, battery storage and other related technologies. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

473

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Alternative Energy- New Directions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers new directions for alternative energy such as thermoacoustics, thermoelectrics, magnetocalorics, sun heat thermochemical storage, liquid metal batteris and fusion. Each technology is described in depth and useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

474

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Wind Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers wind energy production and includes details on theory of operation, sizes and types of turbines. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

475

Carbon credit of renewable energy projects in Malaysia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The introduction of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to Malaysia improves the environment of the country. Besides achieving sustainable development, the carbon credit earned through CDM enhances the financial state of the nation. Both CDM and renewable energy contribute to the society by striving to reduce carbon emission. Most of the CDM projects are related to renewable energy, which recorded 69% out of total CDM projects. This paper presents the energy overview and status of renewable energies in the country. Then, the renewable energy will be related to the CDM.

Lim, X.; Lam, W. H.; Shamsuddin, A. H.

2013-06-01

476

Energy consumption, income, and carbon emissions in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the effect of energy consumption and output on carbon emissions in the United States. Earlier research focused on testing the existence and\\/or shape of an environmental Kuznets curve without taking energy consumption into account. We investigate the Granger causality relationship between income, energy consumption, and carbon emissions, including labor and gross fixed capital formation in the model.

Ugur Soytas; Ramazan Sari; Bradley T. Ewing

2007-01-01

477

November 2012 Key Performance Indicator (KPI): Energy Consumption  

E-print Network

November 2012 Key Performance Indicator (KPI): Energy Consumption NTU report our energy consumption and district heating scheme* data. Year Energy Consumption (KWh) Percentage Change 2005/06 65,916,243 N/A 2006 buildings are connected to the Nottingham District Heating Scheme. This service meets all the heating

Evans, Paul

478

Renewable energy and the atmospheric sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for renewable energy in social energy systems has grown in recent years. In the atmospheric sciences, the energy balances and dynamics in the atmosphere are studied on both local and global scales, and thus estimation of renewable energy is an important practical application. For instance, shortwave solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface is an essential quantity for evaluating the photovoltaic (PV) power generation. Indeed, shortwave solar radiation can be calculated by a radiative transfer solver and an accurate electromagnetic wave scattering theory. A beneficial application of atmospheric sciences is obtaining of solar radiation on the basis of geostationary satellite measurements. Such satellites provide data covering most parts of the Earth every 30 min to 1 h. Geo-parameters such as cloud and aerosol properties are needed for calculating the amount of solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface. Multispectral images acquired by geostationary satellites allow for such geo-parameters to be evaluated. Additionally, polar-orbiting Earth observation satellites are also needed for improving data analysis techniques. For instance, multispectral imagers (e.g., MODIS) and cloud radars (e.g., CloudSat) aboard polar-orbiting satellites can be used to reveal the relationship between multispectral imaging results and the vertical structure of clouds. The EarthCARE (JAXA, ESA, NICT) and the GCOM-C (JAXA) satellites that will be launched in the middle of 2010-era are also used for improving cloud and aerosol process. This paper presents a method using satellite data to evaluate the optical and microphysical parameters of clouds that affect solar radiation. Also presented is a method for evaluating solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface. A new research project in Japan, JST-CREST-EMS (Energy Management System)-TEEDDA (Terrestrial Energy Estimation by Diurnal Data Analyses), which was started in October 2012, is also introduced.

Nakajima, T. Y.; Takenaka, H.; Watanabe, T.; Nakajima, T.; Takamura, T.; Kurino, T.

2013-12-01

479

RenewableNY - An Industrial Energy Conservation Initiative  

SciTech Connect

The New York Industrial Retention Network (NYIRN) manages the RenewableNY program to assist industrial companies in New York City to implement energy efficiency projects. RenewableNY provides companies with project management assistance and grants to identify opportunities for energy savings and implement energy efficiency projects. The program helps companies identify energy efficient projects, complete an energy audit, and connect with energy contractors who install renewable energy and energy efficient equipment. It also provides grants to help cover the costs of installation for new systems and equipment. RenewableNY demonstrates that a small grant program that also provides project management assistance can incentivize companies to implement energy efficiency projects that might otherwise be avoided. Estimated savings through RenewableNY include 324,500 kWh saved through efficiency installations, 158 kW of solar energy systems installed, and 945 thm of gas avoided.

Lubarr, Tzipora

2009-09-30

480

Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R&D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.

Ruth, M.; Antkowiak, M.; Gossett, S.

2011-12-01

481

Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy: Hydro Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended for use in a college-level introductory course in alternative and renewable energy. The document covers hydro energy, including tidal, wave and other sources of hydro energy. The presentation is quite extensive and includes a great amount of detail on this source of energy. A number of useful graphics are included to illustrate the material. This module may be downloaded in PDF file format.

482

Data book for renewable energy research in the southern US  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive compilation of background data are presented at the state summary level in six major categories. The buildings data section presents inventories by state, energy consumption (in annual Btu or Btu square foot - average) by building type according to selected locations, energy consumption by sector and by state in caloric units, and energy consumption by sector and by

B. C. Jr. Trammell; F. D. Alguire

1981-01-01

483

Revised CTUIR Renewable Energy Feasibility Study Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This preliminary assessment of renewable energy resources on the Umatilla Indian Reservation (UIR) has been performed by CTUIR Department of Science and Engineering (DOSE). This analysis focused primarily identifying renewable resources that may be applied on or near the Umatilla Indian Reservation. In addition preliminary technical and economic feasibility of developing renewable energy resources have been prepared and initial land use planning issues identified. Renewable energies examined in the course of the investigation included solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, wind, bioethanol, bio-diesel and bio-pellet fuel. All renewable energy options studied were found to have some potential for the CTUIR. These renewable energy options are environmentally friendly, sustainable, and compliment many of the policy goals of the CTUIR. This report seeks to provide an overall review of renewable energy technologies and applications. It tries to identify existing projects near to the CTUIR and the efforts of the federal government, state government and the private sector in the renewable energy arena. It seeks to provide an understanding of the CTUIR as an energy entity. This report intends to provide general information to assist tribal leadership in making decisions related to energy, specifically renewable energy deve lopment.

John Cox; Thomas Bailor; Theodore Repasky; Lisa Breckenridge

2005-10-31

484

Spatial misfits in a multi-level renewable energy policy implementation process on the Small Island State of Malta  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the priorities of energy policies of the European Union (EU) is to generate 20% of EU's total energy consumption from renewable energy (RE) sources by 2020. The EU policy framework mainly emphasizes economical and technical aspects of RE sources, and promotes large scale projects. However the local implementation of RE EU policies can lead to spatial misfits if

Julia R. Kotzebue; Hans Th. A. Bressers; Charles Yousif

2010-01-01

485

RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project  

SciTech Connect

This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred during the award period. The RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project, under development by the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA), is comprised of a series of full-scale demonstration projects that will showcase innovative combinations of primary and secondary generation systems using methane gas derived from local processing of biosolids, dairy manure and other organic material. The goal of the project is to create renewable energy-based generation systems with energy efficiencies 65% or more. The project was constructed at the 15 MGD Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 5 located in the City of Chino in California where the Agency has constructed its new energy-efficient (platinum-LEED rating) headquarters building. Technologies that were featured in the project include internal combustion engines (ICE), absorption chillers, treatment plant secondary effluent cooling systems, heat recovery systems, thermal energy storage (TES), Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) secondary power generation system, the integration of a future fuel cell system, gas cleaning requirements, and other state-of-the-art design combinations. The RP-5 REEP biogas source is coming from three manure digesters which are located within the RP-5 Complex and are joined with the RP-5 REEP through gas conveyance pipelines. Food waste is being injected into the manure digesters for digester gas production enhancement. The RP-5 REEP clearly demonstrates the biogas production and power generation viability, specifically when dealing with renewable and variable heating value (Btu) fuel. The RP-5 REEP was challenged with meeting stringent utility, gas, power, and air quality rules and regulations. Coordination with the Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), Southern California Edison (SCE), and South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) was continuous and extensive. The interconnecting agreement and the permit to construct and operate were major obstacles despite the early start and coordination with the utility companies and regulatory agencies. The RP-5 REEP is part of a unique RP-5 Complex approach where several facilities are tied and connected with each other; where energy and gas can be transferred from one facility to another (see attached RP-5 Complex Ultimate Energy Balance Diagram). The REEP also incorporated new technologies, such as TES and ORC, along with using heat recovery for the platinum-LEED headquarter buildings heating and cooling via efficient absorption chillers. Through the conceptual design phase, numerous innovative technologies were researched and evaluated, with the most proven and efficient selected to be part of the RP-5 REEP.

Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

2007-06-30

486

The RenewElec Project: Variable Renewable Energy and the Power System  

SciTech Connect

Variable energy resources, such as wind power, now produce about 4% of U.S. electricity. They can play a significantly expanded role if the U.S. adopts a systems approach that considers affordability, security and reliability. Reaching a 20-30% renewable portfolio standard goal is possible, but not without changes in the management and regulation of the power system, including accurately assessing and preparing for the operational effects of renewable generation. The RenewElec project will help the nation make the transition to the use of significant amounts of electric generation from variable and intermittent sources of renewable power.

Apt, Jay

2014-02-14

487

75 FR 29706 - Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for Energy Audits and Renewable Energy Development...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...renewable energy systems and for energy efficiency...conducting energy audits; grants for conducting... Renewable energy system and energy efficiency...loans; Energy audit and renewable energy...Industry Classification System code; the location...the cost of each audit; the expected...

2010-05-27

488

Greater use of renewable energy sources in the solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerns about rising carbon dioxide levels and increasing electricity rates are spurring renewed interest in how U.S. utilizes its energy supplies and new analyses of how the country can best handle energy issues in the future. A study by the Union of Concerned Scientists concludes that increased use of renewable energy sources is the solution to the global warming problem.

1989-01-01

489

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Research Laboratory University of Massachusetts, Amherst 160 Governors Drive of Massachusetts, Dartmouth March 2009 to May 2009 Prepared for Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources 100 was prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERL) at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

490

Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solutions to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. That is why there is an intimate connection between renewable energy and sustainable development. Anticipated patterns of future energy use and consequent environmental impacts (focussing on

Ibrahim Dincer

2000-01-01

491

RESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS  

E-print Network

in 100 kW turbines · New financing options such as PPAs have boosted the market · Utility-scale turbinesRESEARCH RESULTS FORUM FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Public Workshop at the California Energy Commission (CEC) September 3, 2014 California Renewable Energy Center #12;California

California at Davis, University of

492

Potential of renewable energy development for water desalination in Tunisia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potential renewable energy sources, which can be harnessed toward brackish and seawater desalination in Tunisia, have been evaluated. These sources of energy, mainly: solar, wind and geothermal, have been identified throughout the country and their suitability for coupling with different desalting technologies have been investigated. Renewable energies are expected to have a flourishing future and an important role in the

F Benjemaa; I Houcine; M. H Chahbani

1999-01-01

493

Renewable energy sources for water desalting in Tunisia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achievements and potential of coupling between renewable energy sources and brackish or seawater desalting technologies in Tunisia have been investigated. These sources of energy, mainly solar, wind and geothermal, have been identified throughout the country, and their suitability for coupling with different desalting technologies has been investigated. Renewable energies are expected to have a flourishing future and an important role

Imed Houcine; Fethi Benjemaa; Mohamed-Hachemi Chahbani; Mohamed Maalej

1999-01-01

494

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids , Zhichuan Huang  

E-print Network

Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrids Ting Zhu , Zhichuan Huang , Ankur Sharma , Jikui Su § Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst ABSTRACT Renewable energy harvested from the environment is an at- tractive option for providing green energy to homes. Unfor- tunately, the intermittent

Shenoy, Prashant

495

Renewable Energy Strategies for Sustainable Development Henrik Lund*  

E-print Network

Renewable Energy Strategies for Sustainable Development Henrik Lund* Department of Development of renewable energy (wind, solar, wave and biomass) in the making of strategies for a sustainable development. Such strategies typically involve three major technological changes: energy savings on the demand side, efficiency

Hansen, René Rydhof

496

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...renewable energy development assistance grants. 4280.196 Section 4280.196 ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Energy for America Program General...Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants § 4280.196 Servicing energy...

2014-01-01

497

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...renewable energy development assistance grants. 4280.196 Section 4280.196 ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Energy for America Program General...Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants § 4280.196 Servicing energy...

2013-01-01

498

7 CFR 4280.196 - Servicing energy audit and renewable energy development assistance grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...renewable energy development assistance grants. 4280.196 Section 4280.196 ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Energy for America Program General...Renewable Energy Development Assistance Grants § 4280.196 Servicing energy...

2012-01-01

499

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...952.223 Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy...

2012-10-01

500

48 CFR 952.223 - Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy technologies, occupational safety, and drug-free...952.223 Clauses related to environment, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy...

2014-10-01