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1

Focus Article: Replication in Second Language Writing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the meaning and range of replication in L2 research from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. In the first half of the paper, it will be argued that key quantitative studies need to be replicated to have their robustness and generalizability tested and that this is a requirement of scientific inquiry. Such research

Porte, Graeme; Richards, Keith

2012-01-01

2

'I/We Focus on...': A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Self-Mentions in Business Management Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although research articles (RAs) have been frequently characterised by impersonal language, which entails the use of nominalisations and passive sentences, self-mentions, that is, explicit references to the RA author(s), are found to intermingle with those impersonal constructions. These self-references can be considered a rhetorical strategy…

Mur Duenas, Pilar

2007-01-01

3

‘I\\/we focus on…’: A cross-cultural analysis of self-mentions in business management research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research articles (RAs) have been frequently characterised by impersonal language, which entails the use of nominalisations and passive sentences, self-mentions, that is, explicit references to the RA author(s), are found to intermingle with those impersonal constructions. These self-references can be considered a rhetorical strategy that scholars may use to present themselves as authorial selves, promoting themselves and outlining their

Pilar Mur Dueñas

2007-01-01

4

Open Access RESEARCH ARTICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Lack of proper understanding on the part of researchers about public understanding of research and informed consent will increase the potential for malpractice. As a part of a larger study on ethics and informed consent in Sri Lanka, this study aimed to ascertain the level of understanding of 'research' by exploring the views of the public and professionals. Methods:

Athula Sumathipala; Sisira Siribaddana; Suwin Hewage; Manura Lekamwattage; Manjula Athukorale; Chesmal Siriwardhana; Kumudu Munasinghe; Kethakie Sumathipala; Joanna Murray; Martin Prince

2010-01-01

5

Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

1998-06-30

6

Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01

7

Patient safety in clinical research articles.  

PubMed

Patient safety has remained one of the most important priorities over the past decade, particularly in hospital settings. Implementation of patient safety measures has focused not only on reducing medication and surgical errors but also on the development of a culture of safety, including enhanced communication among all healthcare stakeholders. Academic medicine may further contribute to the culture of safety if all relevant clinical article submissions address patient safety. In order to improve communication between the authors of clinical research articles and practicing physicians, we propose that each clinical research article may be accompanied by a clear statement from the authors regarding practice implications and patient safety. PMID:23910178

Vintzileos, Anthony M; Finamore, Peter S; Sicuranza, Genevieve B; Ananth, Cande V

2013-08-01

8

Rhetorical structure of biochemistry research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the results of a move analysis [Swales, J. (1990). Genre analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] of 60 biochemistry research articles. First, a corpus was systematically compiled to ensure that it represents core journals in the focused discipline. Then, coding reliability analysis was conducted to demonstrate that, given a set of coding protocols and systematic training and

Budsaba Kanoksilapatham

2005-01-01

9

Student Symposia on Primary Research Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes how conducting in-class symposia in which students present primary research articles can provide a window into the process of scientific research and communication, broaden students' exposure to research, and improve their reading,

Houde, Ann

2000-11-01

10

Science Research Management (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Problems of organization and administration in factory scientific research, The amalgamation of higher school scientific research and the academic functioning of schools, and An effective measure for promoting the reform of scientific re...

W. Zhi-liang R. Ting-shu Q. Wei-ming

1986-01-01

11

Research Focus. Section II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…

Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others

12

Review article High intensity focused ultrasound: surgery of the future?  

Microsoft Academic Search

For 50 years, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been a subject of interest for medical research. HIFU causes selective tissue necrosis in a very well defined volume, at a variable distance from the transducer, through heating or cavitation. Over the past decade, the use of HIFU has been investigated in many clinical settings. This literature review aims to summarize

J E KENNEDY; GR TER HAAR

2003-01-01

13

Introductions in research articles: variations across disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an analysis of research article introductions from two related fields, Wildlife Behavior and Conservation Biology, using Swales' [Swales, J. M. (1990). Genre analysis. English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] Create-A-Research-Space (CARS) model. The results of the analysis reveal disciplinary variation in the structure of this genre, which has important pedagogical implications. The

B. Samraj

2002-01-01

14

Shapers of Published NNS Research Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a comprehensive picture of the shapers of a published nonnative speaker research article by including the language professionals and indicating how they fit into the pre-publication processing of a text. (Author/VWL)

Burrough-Boenisch, Joy

2003-01-01

15

Shapers of published NNS research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

En route from its author’s screen to the printed page of an English-language science journal, an NNS research article incorporates changes made or suggested by various people. Considering a hypothetical Dutch-authored research article, this paper describes these text shapers. They include language professionals as well as members of the author’s discourse community. Their potential to change the text is discussed

Joy Burrough-Boenisch

2003-01-01

16

Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative…

Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

2009-01-01

17

Developing a Focused Research Effort.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses a method to produce a cluster of focused nursing research projects. Her method includes (1) focal topic identification, (2) development, (3) communication, (4) integration, (5) collaboration, and (6) balance. (CH)

Lenz, Elizabeth R.

1987-01-01

18

Rhetorical properties of Arabic research article introductions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to investigate the rhetorical properties of Arabic research article introductions, using Swales’ CARS model. It is shown that Arabic introductions are varied in terms of their organization, resulting in a hybrid rhetorical structure: A few of them include features proposed in the CARS model, while the majority differs from it substantially. It is also

Ahmed Fakhri

2004-01-01

19

Interactional Metadiscourse in Research Article Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of…

Gillaerts, Paul; Van de Velde, Freek

2010-01-01

20

Interactional metadiscourse in research article abstracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of applied linguistics in the broad sense. On the basis of a quantitative

Paul Gillaerts; Freek Van de Velde

2010-01-01

21

Focusing on Focus Group Use in Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper gives a brief overview of the focus group method, its history, and usefulness for educational researchers and outlines the essential steps to a successful focus group. An example of the use of focus groups is given. The focus group originated in the 1920s in the social sciences, developed further in market research, and is undergoing a…

Jarrell, Michele G.

22

Focusing ecological research for conservation.  

PubMed

Ecologists are increasingly actively involved in conservation. We identify five key topics from a broad sweep of ecology that merit research attention to meet conservation needs. We examine questions from landscape ecology, behavioral ecology, ecosystem dynamics, community ecology, and nutrient cycling related to key topics. Based on literature review and publication trend assessment, consultation with colleagues, and roundtable discussions at the 24th International Congress for Conservation Biology, focused research on the following topics could benefit conservation while advancing ecological understanding: 1. Carbon sequestration, requiring increased linkages to biodiversity conservation; 2. Ecological invasiveness, challenging our ability to find solutions to ecological aliens; 3. Individual variation, having applications in the conservation of rare species; 4. Movement of organisms, integrating ecological processes across landscapes and scales and addressing habitat fragmentation; and 5. Trophic-level interactions, driving ecological dynamics at the ecosystem-level. Addressing these will require cross-disciplinary research under the overarching framework of conservation ecology. PMID:23609103

Cristescu, Bogdan; Boyce, Mark S

2013-04-23

23

Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

1998-02-24

24

Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01

25

FOCUS GROUP RESEARCH IN THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus group research is a qualitative research tool well suited for community colleges. Focus group research appears to be a quick and easy means of staying abreast of the educational needs and expectations of the college community. To be successful and avoid inherent pitfalls, however, focus group research should follow three guidelines: (1) College?wide administrative procedures should be established; (2)

Isa N. Engleberg; Marlene C. Cohen

1989-01-01

26

A RESEARCH REVIEW ARTICLE ON COMPOSITE MATERIAL  

PubMed Central

The search of aesthetic dental material is on. Composites are a material of choice in this category. Composite have developed over past few years and increased use of material is in demand. This article gives us a brief knowledge of existing and newer composites.

CHOKSI, DIPTI; IDNANI, BARKHA

2013-01-01

27

Focus group interviews in nursing research: part 1.  

PubMed

Focus groups are used by researchers in the social and behavioural sciences to explore phenomena and are accepted as a legitimate qualitative methodology. The primary goal of focus groups is to use interaction data resulting from discussion among participants to increase the depth of the enquiry and reveal aspects of the phenomenon assumed to be otherwise less accessible. This article, the first of three articles on focus groups, examines the nature of focus groups, issues regarding planning focus groups, selecting participants and the size of the groups. This article is aimed at students who are undertaking research modules as part of their academic studies or writing a research proposal as well as at novice researchers who intend to use focus groups as a means of data collection. PMID:23299206

Doody, Owen; Slevin, Eamonn; Taggart, Laurence

28

Characteristic features of research article titles in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous researchers have given conflicting views as to what makes a “good” research article (RA) title. In this paper, characteristic features of research article titles, including length, punctuation usage, word frequency, and preposition usage are investigated using a corpus of 600 research articles from the six journals of the IEEE Computer Society. Results show, while some of the intuitive observations

LAURENCE ANTHONY

2001-01-01

29

Analyzing citations contained in research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging from 23% for

Steve Lawrence; Frans Coetzee; Eric Glover; Gary Flake; David Pennock; Bob Krovetz; Finn Nielsen; Andries Kruger; C LEE GILES

2000-01-01

30

Researching Lifelong Learning Through Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus group research is becoming a seriously hot topic. As a research method, the focused group interview is well established in the social sciences, dating back to Robert Merton's pioneering investigation of audience reactions to government information films during the Second World War. More recently, though, focus groups have been largely associated with market research. Among their many reported achievements,

John Field

2000-01-01

31

Focus Groups: A Qualitative Opportunity for Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay outlines focus groups as a relatively new method of research for the com munication and organizational researcher. The needs for this type of research, essen tial ingredients of a quality focus group session, and the advantages and disadvantages of the method are discussed. A theoretical framework is established and specific instances of the application of focus groups in

Peggy Yuhas Byers; James R. Wilcox

1991-01-01

32

Research Output from CPTC highlighted in recent articles  

Cancer.gov

Posted on December 07, 2010 In the special December issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, two articles focus directly on scientific outputs from CPTC. A Viewpoint article, authored by Participants of a Wellcome Trust/EBI meeting and retreat (Patterson

33

Using focus groups to facilitate culturally anchored research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars have acknowledged the need to anchor scientific knowledge about social and psychological processes in the norms, values, and experiences of the partticular population under study. This article describes how focus groups can be incorporated into the planning stages of a research pogram to facilitate these goals. After a brief overview of teh central components of focus group research, and

Diane Hughes; Kimberly DuMont

1993-01-01

34

Focus groups: an interview method for nursing research.  

PubMed

Focus groups present an ideal way for nurse researchers to collect preliminary information about an area of research interest. The information obtained can lead to greater understanding of phenomena or can be used to develop more extensive quantitative studies. Following the recommendations for conducting a focus group as described in this article and focus group manuals can lead to a worthwhile and enjoyable experience for all involved. PMID:7963824

Dilorio, C; Hockenberry-Eaton, M; Maibach, E; Rivero, T

1994-06-01

35

Focus Group Interview in Family Practice Research  

PubMed Central

Focus group interviews, described as a qualitative research method with good potential in family medicine, are traced from their origins in market research to their growing role in sociology and medicine. Features of this method are described, including design, conduct, and analysis. Both proven and potential areas for primary care research using focus groups are outlined.

Wood, Marjorie L.

1992-01-01

36

Clarifying Qualitative Research: A Focus on Traditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable confusion in the educational literature about the nature of qualitative research. In this article I argue that a major source of the confusion arises from discussing qualitative research as if it is one approach. The discussion in the educational literature concerning qualitative research can be clarified by recognizing that qualitative research comes in many different varieties, which

Evelyn Jacob

1988-01-01

37

Criticism and Interpretation: Teaching the Persuasive Aspects of Research Articles  

PubMed Central

Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely informative aspects of research articles, such as descriptions of the methods and results, from the persuasive aspects, such as interpretation of results and critical evaluation of the work of other scientists.

Gillen, Christopher M.

2006-01-01

38

Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)|

Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

2010-01-01

39

Criticism and Interpretation: Teaching the Persuasive Aspects of Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely…

Gillen, Christopher M.

2006-01-01

40

Text-organising metatext in research articles: an English–Slovene contrastive analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a contrastive analysis focusing on the differences in the use of two selected metatext categories, previews and reviews, in English and Slovene research articles. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the use of the selected metatext categories is more restricted in Slovene academic writing than in English academic writing. Thirty-two research articles from the fields

Agnes Pisanski Peterlin

2005-01-01

41

Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2013-01-01

42

Focus groups in nursing research: methodological perspectives.  

PubMed

Focus groups have been increasingly used as a data collection method in nursing research. The key feature of focus groups is the active interaction among participants to explore their views and opinions. In this respect, focus groups are distinct from other methods such as Delphi groups, nominal groups, brainstorming, and consensus panels, which seek to determine a consensus between participants. Compared with other data collection methods, it can be concluded that the real strength of focus groups is not simply in exploring what participants have to say, but in providing insights into the sources of complex behaviors and motivations. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the focus group as a research tool in nursing research, particularly in nursing education. PMID:22464693

Jayasekara, Rasika S

2012-03-29

43

Family Preservation (Family Focus Research Project).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Family Focus Research project provided a comprehensive evaluation of home-based crisis intervention strategies for families with children at risk of placement into substitute care. It examined the relative costs and benefits of three types of brief, i...

J. R. Taplin C. Rowland

1983-01-01

44

THE FOCUS GROUP A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHOD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Focus Group ( FG) has been actually employed by marketing, and is becoming importanct also in other areas; such as, education, health, management, decision-making, and information systems, among others. Depending on the research objective, the Focus Groupcan be used alone or in conjunction with other methods. The results obtained from the FGapplication are particularly effective in supplying information

Henrique Freitas; Mírian Oliveira; Civil Engineer; Milton Jenkins; Oveta Popjoy

45

Prospective Memory: A New Focus for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prospective memory is required for many aspects of everyday cognition, its breakdown may be as debilitating as impairments in retrospective memory, and yet, the former has received relatively little attention by memory researchers. This article outlines a strategy for changing the fortunes of prospective memory, for guiding new research to shore up the claim that prospective memory is a distinct

Peter Graf; Bob Uttl

2001-01-01

46

Criticism and interpretation: teaching the persuasive aspects of research articles.  

PubMed

Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely informative aspects of research articles, such as descriptions of the methods and results, from the persuasive aspects, such as interpretation of results and critical evaluation of the work of other scientists. PMID:17012188

Gillen, Christopher M

2006-01-01

47

Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Moving from Results to Conclusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how selected research articles reporting empirical investigations in applied linguistic proceed from first presenting results to eventually offering final conclusions or some other form of closure. (Author/VWL)

Ruiying, Yang; Allison, Desmond

2003-01-01

48

New Group of Researchers Focuses on Scientific Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this article reports in late January 2006, a group of scholars announced the formation of a federally-backed professional society that will focus solely on advancing scientifically rigorous studies in education. The society, which is known as Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, has caused ripples of controversy among…

Viadero, Debra

2006-01-01

49

Research articles in applied linguistics: structures from a functional perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the main lines of a genre analysis of the macro-structures of research articles (RAs) in applied linguistics, an area that deserves more attention both for pedagogic and research reasons. The analysis is based upon a detailed study of a corpus of 40 RAs, selected as random sets of 10 drawn from four leading journals in the mid-1990s.

Yang Ruiying; Desmond Allison

2004-01-01

50

Using Empirical Article Analysis to Assess Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing students who can apply their knowledge of empirical research is a key outcome of the undergraduate psychology major. This learning outcome was assessed in two research methods courses by having students read and analyze a condensed empirical journal article. At the start and end of the semester, students in multiple sections of an…

Bachiochi, Peter; Everton, Wendi; Evans, Melanie; Fugere, Madeleine; Escoto, Carlos; Letterman, Margaret; Leszczynski, Jennifer

2011-01-01

51

Modeling Scientific Research Articles - Shifting Perspectives and Persistent Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review over 10 years of research at Elsevier and various Dutch academic institutions on establishing a new format for the scientific research article. Our work rests on two main theoretical principles: the concept of modular documents, consisting of content elements that can exist and be published independently and are linked by meaningful relations, and the use of semantic data

Anita de Waard; Joost Kircz

2008-01-01

52

Research Minutes: How to Identify Scholarly Journal Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video provides a short introduction to scholarly articles and peer reviewed journals for students. It covers the distinguishing features of academic journals and resources for searching this literature. Although some of the information is specific to the Cornell University libraries, the information is generally applicable to any college or university research library.

2010-04-14

53

Research articles in applied linguistics: moving from results to conclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our paper examines how selected research articles (RAs) reporting empirical investigations in applied linguistics proceed from first presenting results to eventually offering final conclusions or some other form of closure. After reviewing the literature on relevant aspects of RA structure and its functions, we report the findings of a genre analysis of 20 RAs in applied linguistics concerning rhetorical choices

Yang Ruiying; Desmond Allison

2003-01-01

54

First-Year Students Benefit from Reading Primary Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Primary research articles discuss aspects of scientific inquiry that are important in understanding the nature of science. Yet, most introductory science courses use textbooks that ignore the scientific process; opportunities for explicit discussion of the nature of science are lost. In Hampshire College's science program, students read current…

Wenk, Laura; Tronsky, Loel

2011-01-01

55

Evaluated entities and parameters of value in academic research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expert writers of academic research articles (ARAs) establish an appropriate balance between topic-based discourse and interactive “human face” discourse by providing both linguistic and contextual clues to indicate to the reader the perspective from which their texts should be interpreted. Central to this type of interaction is “evaluation”—the judgement of good or bad. This study looks at the ways in

Puleng Thetela

1997-01-01

56

The discourse function of collocation in research article introductions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing use of computer-held text corpora containing many millions of words has allowed linguists to establish lexico-grammatical patterns in language that were previously unavailable to observers. Such patterns range from lexical collocations and idioms to the phraseology of grammatical items. Recently, collocations of high frequency words in medical research abstracts and articles have been found to be useful indicators

Chris Gledhill

2000-01-01

57

Progress in plasma focus research and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis of the current state of the plasma focus (PF) research is presented. Some new opportunities for the use of PF in studies on high-energy-density physics are discussed. The main attention is paid to the results obtained on one of the world's largest PF-type facilities PF-3 at the Kurchatov Institute. Experimental results of the studies of foam liners and the tungsten wire arrays dynamics in the PF discharge are presented. A new approach to load formation using a cloud of free fine-disperse particles of condensed matter (dust) is proposed. Being a source of additional mass, the dust particles essentially affect the development of MHD and RT instabilities. It is manifested, in particular, in an increase in MHD stability. The main tendencies in PF research, including application problems, are discussed.

Krauz, V. I.

2006-12-01

58

Animal models of autism with a particular focus on the neural basis of changes in social behaviour: an update article.  

PubMed

Research on autism has been gaining more and more attention. However, its aetiology is not entirely known and several factors are thought to contribute to the development of this neurodevelopmental disorder. These potential contributing factors range from genetic heritability to environmental effects. A significant number of reviews have already been published on different aspects of autism research as well as focusing on using animal models to help expand current knowledge around its aetiology. However, the diverse range of symptoms and possible causes of autism have resulted in as equally wide variety of animal models of autism. In this update article we focus only on the animal models with neurobehavioural characteristics of social deficit related to autism and present an overview of the animal models with alterations in brain regions, neurotransmitters, or hormones that are involved in a decrease in sociability. PMID:23142422

Olexová, Lucia; Talarovi?ová, Alžbeta; Lewis-Evans, Ben; Borbélyová, Veronika; Kršková, Lucia

2012-11-06

59

Research in Librarianship: An Analysis of Research Articles in Core Library Journals of 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 343 research articles published in 41 core library journals in 1980 and a further 708 articles cited in a stratified random sample of 100 of the original (source) articles were examined in terms of subject, research methodology, and number of r...

M. M. Nour

1983-01-01

60

Structural patterns in empirical research articles: A cross-disciplinary study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of the major generic structures of empirical research articles (RAs), with a particular focus on disciplinary variation and the relationship between the adjacent sections in the introductory and concluding parts. The findings were derived from a close “manual” analysis of 433 recent empirical RAs from high-impact English-language journals in 39 disciplines in the fields of

Lin Ling; Stephen Evans

61

Structural Patterns in Empirical Research Articles: A Cross-Disciplinary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents an analysis of the major generic structures of empirical research articles (RAs), with a particular focus on disciplinary variation and the relationship between the adjacent sections in the introductory and concluding parts. The findings were derived from a close "manual" analysis of 433 recent empirical RAs from high-impact…

Lin, Ling; Evans, Stephen

2012-01-01

62

Text-Organising Metatext in Research Articles: An English-Slovene Contrastive Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a contrastive analysis focusing on the differences in the use of two selected metatext categories, previews and reviews, in English and Slovene research articles. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the use of the selected metatext categories is more restricted in Slovene academic writing than in English academic…

Peterlin, A.P.

2005-01-01

63

Publication of Research Article: An Art or Science?  

PubMed Central

The publication process is a shared responsibility. Besides the writing, reviewing, publishing, and editorial teams, readers are one of the most important pillars of this process. Readers and authors cannot be dealt with separately, because most of the readers are authors. The varieties of articles and improvement in presentations reflect the rising interest and enthusiasm of writers and readers. Increasing number in critical comments and author's reply can be considered as a post-publication peer review process. Impact Factor, which was used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal, is now being considered a misleading tool in assessing the quality of a paper or the researcher. Here, we are trying to discuss in brief the points which should be kept in mind before manuscript preparation and submission, so that our research should reach to maximum readers in an unbiased form.

Kapoor, S; Sikka, P; Saxena, KK

2013-01-01

64

Publication of research article: an art or science?  

PubMed

The publication process is a shared responsibility. Besides the writing, reviewing, publishing, and editorial teams, readers are one of the most important pillars of this process. Readers and authors cannot be dealt with separately, because most of the readers are authors. The varieties of articles and improvement in presentations reflect the rising interest and enthusiasm of writers and readers. Increasing number in critical comments and author's reply can be considered as a post-publication peer review process. Impact Factor, which was used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal, is now being considered a misleading tool in assessing the quality of a paper or the researcher. Here, we are trying to discuss in brief the points which should be kept in mind before manuscript preparation and submission, so that our research should reach to maximum readers in an unbiased form. PMID:23634338

Kapoor, S; Sikka, P; Saxena, Kk

2013-01-01

65

Focus Group ResearchThe Role of Cacophony in Dialogical Democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the philosophical underpinnings that have shadowed the emergence of focus group methods as a counterpoise to positivist research design. Examples of the application of focus group methods are drawn from two studies where the voices of marginalized groups were facilitated: 1) focus groups with patients diagnosed with personality disorder; and 2) focus groups with gypsy travellers. In

Gary Winship; Julie Repper

2007-01-01

66

A Compilation of Articles Reporting Research Sponsored by the Office of Naval Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Articles reporting research sponsored by the office of naval research are: Identification and determination of organic acids in sea water by partition chromatography; Quantities of zooplankton and propagation of calanus finmarchicus at permanent...

T. Koyama U. Lie M. D. Fuller R. W. Sternberg F. A. Richards

1966-01-01

67

Focus Group Interview: An Underutilized Research Technique for Improving Theory and Practice in Health Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to increase awareness about and stimulate interest in using focus group interviews, a qualitative research technique, to advance the state-of- the-art of education and learning about health. After a brief discussion of small group process in health education, features of focus group interviews are presented, and a theoretical framework for planning a focus group

Charles E. Basch

1987-01-01

68

Preparing for and conducting focus groups in nursing research: part 2.  

PubMed

Focus group interviews are widely used in health research to explore phenomena and are accepted as a legitimate qualitative methodology. They are used to draw out interaction data from discussions among participants; researchers running these groups need to be skilled in interviewing and in managing groups, group dynamics and group discussions. This article follows Doody et al's (2013) article on the theory of focus group research; it addresses the preparation for focus groups relating to the research environment, interview process, duration, participation of group members and the role of the moderator. The article aims to assist researchers to prepare and plan for focus groups and to develop an understanding of them, so information from the groups can be used for academic studies or as part of a research proposal. PMID:23411826

Doody, Owen; Slevin, Eamonn; Taggart, Laurence

69

Interventions for Learning Disabilities: Does a Journal-Based Change in Focus and Article Type Reflect or Influence Legal Mandates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated whether there was a noticeable shift in focus from general to specific learning disabilities, and in the types of articles (narrative or empirically based) in the Journal of Learning Disabilities (JLD) between 1995 to 2000. A pilot study had revealed an increase in empirically based articles and a shift toward specifically…

McCleary, Daniel F.; Rowlette, Emily Fuller; Pelchar, Taylor K.; Bain, Sherry K.

2013-01-01

70

The Use of Focus Groups in Design Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Focus groups to investigate new ideas are widely used in many research fields. The use of focus groups in design science research\\u000a poses interesting opportunities and challenges. Traditional focus group methods must be adapted to meet two specific goals\\u000a of design research. For the evaluation of an artifact design, exploratory focus groups (EFGs) study the artifact to propose\\u000a improvements in

Monica Chiarini Tremblay; Alan R. Hevner; Donald J. Berndt

71

A Focus Group Activity for the Research Methods Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focus group research is commonly employed in communication and related disciplines. Despite the growing popularity of focus group methodology, it is generally discussed only briefly in research methods texts. Students are very familiar with the process of taking a survey, but most have never participated in focus groups, and a brief lecture on…

Fife, Eric

2005-01-01

72

Brain Research Focuses on New Assays, Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Those attending the CIC/ACS (Chemical Institute of Canada /American Chemical Society) joint conference at Montreal heard about recent advances in brain chemistry research, the use of compartmental models for predicting pollution, the presence of carcinogens (N-Nitrosamines) in sidestream tobacco smoke, and the synthesis of sex attractants using…

Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

1977-01-01

73

Using a Professional Moderator in Library Focus Group Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the use of a professional marketing and opinion research firm at Brown University Library to conduct focus group meetings with users and to provide data analysis. Highlights include a review of library literature on focus group use; focus group methodology; benefits of employing professionals; logistics of focus group preparation; and…

Shoaf, Eric C.

2003-01-01

74

"The Purpose of This Study Is to": Connecting Lexical Bundles and Moves in Research Article Introductions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a group of lexical bundles identified in a corpus of research article introductions as the first step in the analysis of these expressions in the different sections of the research article. A one-million word corpus of research article introductions from various disciplines was compiled and the lexical bundles identified in…

Cortes, Viviana

2013-01-01

75

Translations of Reading Research Articles Appearing in Japanese Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"A Psychological Study of Flexibility in Reading," the first in this collection of four articles, attempted to determine how flexibility in reading develops from elementary to junior high school. The results indicated that children in every grade in this experiment were flexible in reading, that is, they changed their speed of reading according to…

Sakamoto, Takahiko

76

Rethinking University Admission for the 21st Century: Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can one create a system for university admission that is equitable, valid, and representative of the broad range of abilities that students can bring to university settings? Conventional tests of abilities and achievements are narrow and do not measure the full range of abilities relevant to university and life success. In this article I…

Sternberg, Robert J.

2007-01-01

77

A Contrastive Study of Determiner Usage in EST Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The determiners in English include three categories: predeterminers, central determiners, and postdeterminers. The focus of the present study is the central determiners because they comprise the largest group and because a minimum of one central determiner is required in the generation of any noun phrase. Furthermore, the central determiners have…

Master, Peter

1993-01-01

78

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address Research on Heroin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports more than 85 percent of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction, NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abu...

2001-01-01

79

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address Research on Marijuana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: (1...

2005-01-01

80

Teaching Research: A Survey of Art Therapy Educators. Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the American Art Therapy Association Research Committee's interest and support for learning how research is taught, a quantitative and qualitative survey of master's-level programs was conducted. Twenty four of the 44 surveyed programs responded. Twenty three (95.8 per cent) of the respondents required a course of at least three credits,…

St. John, Patricia; Kaiser, Donna; Ball, Barbara

2004-01-01

81

The indirect approach of semi-focused groups : Expanding focus group research through role-playing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an alternative way of using focus groups in research – a role-play-enhanced focus group method – in which participants are presented with the challenge of dealing with a specific task while playing a familiar but nevertheless fictive role. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research is performed through an experimental approach in which

Frederic Bill; Lena Olaison

2009-01-01

82

ofinformation ontheweb: Analyzing citations contained in research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging from 23% for

Steve Lawrence; Frans Coetzee; Eric Glover; Gary Flake; David Pennock; Bob Krovetz; Finn Nielsen; Andries Kruger; C LEE GILES

2000-01-01

83

ARTICLES: Possible thermal self-focusing of light beams influencing chemical reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that self-focusing of light beams may occur as a result of cooling of a mixture of reacting gases in the case of resonant interaction of light with atoms (or molecules) participating in chemical reactions. Estimates of the duration and degree of cooling are obtained. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for this abstract (see Preferences) Find

E. P. Orlov

1983-01-01

84

NASA Research Focuses on Yellowstone's Hot Springs and Compares Findings to Rocks from Mars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA Astrobiology Institute website features an article by the Yellowstone Park Foundation focusing on NASA's latest thermophile research and its contributions to outreach education in Yellowstone National Park. The site also provides a number of useful links through the NAI portal site including a teacher's page, student's page, and additional NAI articles and newsletters.

Foundation, Yellowstone P.; Institute, Nasa A.

85

Methodological Review: A Handbook for Excellence in Focus Group Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides a step-by-step manual on conducting focus group research and suggests modifications for adapting its use to Third World realities. Topics covered include: an overview of qualitative research; the two leading qualitative methods, indivi...

M. Debus P. Novelli

1989-01-01

86

Focus Group as a Method of Data Collection in Nursing Research: An Experiential Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports an experience with the focus group as a method of data collection in nursing research. Five discussion\\/reflection meetings were carried out having sexuality in nursing care practice as the central focus, with a group of seven students in the Nursing Graduation Course of the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), in August and September 2001. It has

Lucia Beatriz Ressel; Dulce Maria Rosa Gualda; Rosa Maria Braccini Gonzáles

2002-01-01

87

Writing Without Conviction? Hedging in Science Research Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that hedging in scientific research writing cannot be fully understood in isolation from social and institutional contexts and suggests a pragmatic framework which reflects this interpretive environment. Hedging is emphasized as a significant communicative resource for academics that confirms the writer's professional persona and assists…

Hyland, Ken

1996-01-01

88

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 6, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2003-01-01

89

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 7, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

90

Focus groups: A new tool for qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups have received little attention from sociologists, although they are a commonly used qualitative technique in market research. The data collected in focus group sessions typically consist of tape-recorded group discussions among four to ten participants who share their thoughts and experiences on a set of topics selected by the researcher. We present a brief description of dimensions along

David L. Morgan; Margaret T. Spanish

1984-01-01

91

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

92

Original Research Article Postfamine Stature and Socioeconomic Status in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has documented socioeconomic stratification of secular trend in height in historical populations. Using data from 4,900 males and 1,430 females born between 1840 and 1910 collected as part of the Har- vard Anthropological Survey of Ireland (1934-1936), this study examined the secular changes in postfamine Ireland using several socioeconomic variables, including: occupation, migration, education, siblings, birthplace, and occupation

KRISTIN YOUNG; JOHN H. RELETHFORD; MICHAEL H. CRAWFORD

93

Quantitative analysis of ontology research articles in the radiologic domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the most advanced ontology research in health care and its impact on the radiologic domain, we proposed a concept\\u000a identification and abstraction technique called “Concept Step”. This technique identifies a MeSH term, medical subject headings\\u000a used in PubMed, in a sentence and climbs up through its hierarchy to reach an abstract concept. We developed original Java\\u000a software to

Naoki Nishimoto; Ayako Yagahara; Yuki Yokooka; Shintaro Tsuji; Masahito Uesugi; Katsuhiko Ogasawara; Masaji Maezawa

2010-01-01

94

Focus groups as a tool for critical social research in nurse education.  

PubMed

Focus groups are now widely adopted in qualitative health and social research, and have been increasingly used as a data-collection technique in nursing research. The focus group is not a new method, but its uses and procedures have been considerably revised in recent years. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the focus group as a research tool in social science literature, followed by a more considered discussion on the use of focus groups in contemporary critical social science. It draws on this work to illustrate the potential of focus groups to address some of the political issues in social research, in particular the balance of power between researcher and researched, and the empowerment of under-represented groups. Advantages of the method in connecting the researcher with group perspectives and experiences that may be unexplored by other methods of data collection are discussed, and the 'collective conscience' is put forward as an appropriate resource in data analysis. It argues that the application of focus-group techniques can build on experiences and principles of working with or participating in groups. Focus groups are particularly applicable to research in nurse education, for involving diverse stakeholders in curriculum evaluation and development, and in ongoing appraisals of the student's perceptions of their experience, for which universities have tended to rely on survey approaches and structured questionnaires. The article ends by drawing some conclusions from the health and social research literature to inform nursing education research using focus groups. PMID:11339876

Kevern, J; Webb, C

2001-05-01

95

Focus Groups: a useful qualitative method for educational research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 1994?95, a small team of researchers at the Scottish Council for Research in Education (SCRE) undertook a commissioned study of adults’ perceptions of their lifestyle options within a Scottish region. The findings of the research were intended to inform initiatives in health education and promotion. Two methods of data collection were employed: in?depth interviews and focus group meetings. In

Valerie Wilson

1997-01-01

96

Brain Metastases Research 1990-2010: Pattern of Citation and Systematic Review of Highly Cited Articles  

PubMed Central

Background. High and continuously increasing research activity related to different aspects of prevention, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of brain metastases has been performed between 1990 and 2010. One of the major databases contains 2695 scientific articles that were published during this time period. Different measures of impact, visibility, and quality of published research are available, each with its own pros and cons. For this overview, article citation rate was chosen. Results. Among the 10 most cited articles, 7 reported on randomized clinical trials. Nine covered surgical or radiosurgical approaches and the remaining one a widely adopted prognostic score. Overall, 30 randomized clinical trials were published between 1990 and 2010, including those with phase II design and excluding duplicate publications, for example, after longer followup or with focus on secondary endpoints. Twenty of these randomized clinical trials were published before 2008. Their median number of citations was 110, range 13–1013, compared to 5-6 citations for all types of publications. Annual citation rate appeared to gradually increase during the first 2-3 years after publication before reaching high levels. Conclusions. A large variety of preclinical and clinical topics achieved high numbers of citations. However, areas such as quality of life, side effects, and end-of-life care were underrepresented. Efforts to increase their visibility might be warranted.

Nieder, Carsten; Grosu, Anca L.; Mehta, Minesh P.

2012-01-01

97

Trends in endocrinology related research articles in a medical journal from India  

PubMed Central

Background: The details about the research productivity in the specialty of endocrinology from India is lacking. We plan to assess the publishing trends and the research productivity of Endocrinology related research articles published in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India (JAPI). Materials and Methods: We carried the bibliometric analysis of endocrinology related articles from JAPI. The data were obtained from the JAPI website for the publications between 2000 and 2011. The articles were analyzed for the type (original article, case reports, correspondence, and pictorial image), subspecialty (diabetes, thyroid, etc.), and place of the research. Data were presented with descriptive statistics in numbers and percentages. Results: Out of a total 2977 articles published by JAPI, 312 articles belong to endocrine subspecialty. Endocrinology related articles constitute about 11.2%–23.2% of the published articles per year in JAPI and the percentage is increasing every year. Original articles (52%) and case reports (27%) constituite the majority, while the rest were letters to editor (9%) and pictorial images (12%). Diabetes (57%) and metabolic bone disorders (16%) lead the subspecialty articles, followed by thyroid (9%), adrenal and gonad (8%), and pituitary (8%). Chennai (20%), Mumbai (14%), and Delhi (9%) are the top 3 places contributing to the articles followed by Chandigarh and Varanasi. Conclusion: Majority of endocrinology related research productivity is seen in form of original articles and case reports. Diabetes is the leading disease with maximum research articles from Chennai and other glands are equally represented in the research productivity.

Kumar, K. V. S. H; Aravinda, Konidena

2012-01-01

98

Evaluating the effectiveness of metacognitive strategy training for reading research articles in an ESP context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article reports on an investigation into the reading processes of EFL\\/ESP students with respect to research articles in their specialty area: Biology. Specifically, the study was aimed at exploring how metacognitive strategy training influenced a group of readers’ declarative and procedural knowledge, and their choice and use of strategies while reading research articles. Two groups of undergraduate Biology

Nebila Dhieb-Henia

2003-01-01

99

A Bibliography of Research and Articles Related to Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a bibliography that cites research studies and articles related to Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS), and provides a brief summary of these research studies and articles and some commentary within 5 categories. These 5 categories are: (1) SCIS and teachers, 8 studies or articles are reported within this category which are…

Morgan, Ashley G.; And Others

100

Interpreting Outcomes: Using Focus Groups in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although focus groups continue to gain popularity in marketing and social science research, their use in program evaluation has been limited. Here we demonstrate how focus groups can benefit evaluators, program staff, policy makers and administrators by providing an in-depth understanding of program effectiveness from the perspective of…

Ansay, Sylvia J.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Nelson, John

2004-01-01

101

A systemic focus for communications research, debate and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communications content is manipulable only with extreme difficulty, and communications technology is only tenuously directable towards the social objectives of policy. Therefore a new, 'systemic' focus for communications policy, and the research and debate which support it is needed. A descriptive and analytical model of communications systems (called the CETTEMometer) is presented and demonstrated which focuses neither on content nor

Roger D. Popper

1982-01-01

102

Reengineering Clinical Research Science: A Focus on Translational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The burden of disease in the United States is high. Mental illness is currently the leading cause of disease burden among 15- to 44-year-olds. This phenomenon is occurring despite the many advances that have been made in clinical research. Several efficacious interventions are available to treat many of these disorders; however, they are greatly…

Ferrell, Courtney B.

2009-01-01

103

The textual organisation of research article introductions in applied linguistics: Variability within a single discipline  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the degree of variability in the structure of research article introductions within a single discipline. It is an exploratory study based on the analysis of 20 research articles. The study investigates the differences between two subdisciplines of applied linguistics, namely second language acquisition and second language writing research, in terms of Swales’s [Swales, J. M. (1990). Genre

Ismet Ozturk

2007-01-01

104

Differences in Quality between Thai and International Research Articles in ELT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study seeks to explore potential problems of English Language Teaching (ELT) academics in Thailand in getting their research published in international journals. Using content analysis, the study analyzes and compares 100 research articles published by ELT academics in Thailand with 100 research articles published in international journals.…

Jaroongkhongdach, Woravut; Todd, Richard Watson; Keyuravong, Sonthida; Hall, David

2012-01-01

105

A Conversation with Gloria Ladson-Billings (Focus on Research).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews prominent educator and researcher Gloria Ladson-Billings, whose research focuses on preparing preservice educators to successfully teach in a diverse society and on improving the achievement of culturally diverse students. Explores what it means to develop a culturally relevant pedagogy and how teachers might think about community in…

Willis, Arlette Ingram; Lewis, Karla C.

1998-01-01

106

Remarks on the Communicative Functions of Hedging in Popular Scientific and Specialist Research Articles on Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of 15 popular scientific journal articles and 15 specialist medical-research articles indicates that in medical discourse hedging, the expression of tentativeness and possibility by epistemic devices, can be applied in less specialized English- for-Special-Purposes (ESP) texts such as popular scientific articles, but in different…

Varttala, Teppo

1999-01-01

107

Research required for the effective implementation of the framework convention on tobacco control, articles 9 and 10.  

PubMed

This paper is part of a series of articles intended to set out the research questions that are relevant to the successful implementation of the various provisions of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This paper focuses on issues affecting Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC. This paper focuses on the research that is most important for most countries, rather than on what is desirable in countries with high levels of research capacity. Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC address the regulation of contents and emissions of tobacco products and regulation of tobacco product disclosure. Such regulation will be essential if the long-term objective of reducing the danger of tobacco products is to be achieved. There are many components of tobacco and tobacco smoke that are excessively toxic and dangerous to the user. Many of these components are carcinogenic and addictive and can be removed or reduced substantially with current known technology. The fact that these components remain in tobacco and tobacco smoke at levels that are unnecessarily dangerous is precisely the reason why the successful implementation of Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC is important to tobacco control. This paper discusses the scientific challenges involved in successfully implementing Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC, which focuses on regulating carcinogens and toxins in tobacco and tobacco smoke, the abuse liability of tobacco products, and the additives and engineering features in tobacco products that make tobacco products appealing to future consumers. The research issues we focus on are those required to support the early stages of regulation. As regulation proceeds, new and more sophisticated research questions will undoubtedly emerge. PMID:23024247

Gray, Nigel; Borland, Ron

2012-09-27

108

How Elsevier's Article of the Future supports researchers in the digital era  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first phase of Elsevier's Article of the Future article format was released on SciVerse ScienceDirect in January 2012. While this new format for online scholarly articles brings a significantly improved online presentation, it also enables further enhancements in terms of domain-specific content and contextualization of research results. Of particular interest to the Earth Sciences research community are the seamless integration of an interactive map viewer that displays author-submitted KML files inside the article, and real-time links to leading research data portals like Pangaea and Earthchem. These enhancements allow for a richer form of communication between authors and readers, and present researchers with valuable additional information in the context of the article. In this presentaion I will review these ongoing efforts to enhance online articles in the digital era.

Keall, B.

2012-04-01

109

A Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles That Address Research on Marijuana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on marijuana research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. The collection features articles originally published from 1995 through 2002. Topics include long-term cognitive impairments in heavy marijuana users, evidence that…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.

110

Research Article Introductions in English for Specific Purposes: A Comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper compares the rhetorical organization of research article introductions in Brazilian Portuguese and in English within a subfield of Applied Linguistics. Using Swales' (1990) CARS model as an analytical tool, this exploratory study investigated 20 research articles. The findings indicate that introductions in Brazilian Portuguese tend to…

Hirano, Eliana

2009-01-01

111

A Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles That Address Research on Club Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on club drug research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. The collection features articles originally published from 1996 through 2002. Topics include the effects of ecstasy and methamphetamine on the brain and body,…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.

112

Writing research article introductions in software engineering: how accurate is a standard model?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A standard model for describing the structure of research article introductions, the CARS (Create A Research Space) model, is evaluated in terms of how well it can be applied to 12 articles which have received “best paper” awards in the field of software engineering. The results indicate that, although the model adequately describes the main framework of the introductions, a

L AURENCE ANTHONY

1999-01-01

113

Research Article Introductions in English for Specific Purposes: A Comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the rhetorical organization of research article introductions in Brazilian Portuguese and in English within a subfield of Applied Linguistics. Using Swales' (1990) CARS model as an analytical tool, this exploratory study investigated 20 research articles. The findings indicate that introductions in Brazilian Portuguese tend to…

Hirano, Eliana

2009-01-01

114

Quantifying the Burden of Writing Research Articles in a Second Language: Data from Mexican Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides quantitative data to establish the relative, perceived burden of writing research articles in English as a second language. Previous qualitative research has shown that scientists writing English in a second language face difficulties but has not established parameters for the degree of this difficulty. A total of 141…

Hanauer, David I.; Englander, Karen

2011-01-01

115

A Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles That Address Research on Club Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on club drug research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. The collection features articles originally published from 1996 through 2002. Topics include the effects of ecstasy and methamphetamine on the brain and body,…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.

116

Focus Group Discussions: Three Examples from Family and Consumer Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the usefulness of focus group discussions (FGDs) in family and consumer sciences research. First, we briefly describe theFGDmethodology in terms of question development, group composition and recruitment, interview protocol and logistics, and data analysis. Then, we show how we applied that methodology in three specific examples from our work with family and

M. E. Betsy Garrison; Sarah H. Pierce; Pamela A. Monroe; Diane D. Sasser; Amy C. Shaffer; Lydia B. Blalock

1999-01-01

117

A Framework for Making Quantitative Educational Research Articles More Reader-Friendly for Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present article is to demonstrate how quantitative research articles can be made much more reader-friendly.\\u000a In particular, we illustrate how statistical language and research terminology can be simplified in reports. Moreover, using\\u000a a published article, we demonstrate how quantitative reports could be re-structured to make them more reader-friendly, without\\u000a sacrificing any important statistical information. We contend

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Nancy L. Leech; Janine A. Whitcome

2008-01-01

118

A Pragmatic Approach to the Macro-Structure and Metadiscoursal Features of Research Article Introductions in the Field of Agricultural Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) Create-A-Research-Space model (CARS) as an investigative tool and Hyland's (2005) model of metadiscourse, this article reports on a pragmatic two-level rhetorical analysis of the constituent moves and steps of research article introductions and focuses on the identification and mapping of the metadiscoursal…

Rubio, M. Milagros del Saz

2011-01-01

119

Provider perceptions of focus group research use: A multicountry perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines hypotheses about variables affecting focus group research use in organizations. A total of 248 moderators\\u000a (128 from the United States, 67 from Germany, and 53 from Japan) provided data for this analysis of the relationships between\\u000a research objectives, moderators, other variables, and the instrumental (direct application to solving a specific problem)\\u000a and noninstrumental (conceptual and symbolic) uses

William J. McDonald

1994-01-01

120

Focusing a gender lens on emergency medicine research: 2012 update.  

PubMed

The influence of sex and gender on patient care is just being recognized in emergency medicine (EM). Providers are realizing the need to improve outcomes for both men and women by incorporating sex- and gender-specific science into clinical practice, while EM researchers are now beginning to study novel sex- and gender-specific perspectives in the areas of acute care research. This article serves as an update on the sex differences in a variety of acute clinical care topics within the field of EM and showcases opportunities for improving patient care outcomes and expanding research to advance the science of gender-specific emergency care. PMID:23517266

McGregor, Alyson J; Greenberg, Marna; Safdar, Basmah; Seigel, Todd; Hendrickson, Robert; Poznanski, Stacey; Davenport, Moira; Miner, James; Choo, Esther K

2013-03-01

121

Researchers Focus on Likelihood of Breast Cancer Recurrence  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Researchers Focus on Likelihood of Breast Cancer Recurrence Seven tumor-specific genes appear to yield ... Preidt Thursday, September 12, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Breast Cancer Genes and Gene Therapy WEDNESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay ...

122

An overview of the Nuclear Materials Focus Area research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) is responsible for providing comprehensive needs identification, integration of technology research and development activities, and technology deployment for stabilization, packaging, and interim storage of surplus nuclear materials within the DOE complex. The NMFA was chartered in April 1999 by the Office of Science and Technology (OST), an organizational component of the US Department of

GARY D. ROBERSON; GARY F. POLANSKY; KEN K. OSBORNE; VIRGINIA RANDALL

2000-01-01

123

ICT Research in Africa: Need for a Strategic Developmental Focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues the need to expand the research agenda on the use of ICT in African countries to include a stronger strategic developmental focus than is evident in much of the literature to date. Four strategic dimensions are identified, where ICT arguably has potential as a significant enabler for transformational development in Africa: institutional infrastructure; governance, accountability, and civil

Mark Thompson; Geoff Walsham

2010-01-01

124

The focus group technique in library research: an introduction.  

PubMed Central

The focus group technique is one example of a qualitative research methodology used to explore the opinions, knowledge, perceptions, and concerns of individuals in regard to a particular topic. The focus group typically involves six to ten individuals who have some knowledge of or experience with the topic. The group discussion is led by a moderator who guides participants through a series of open-ended questions. The information gathered can provide important clues to human attitudes and values as they relate to the topic. Such information can be extremely useful to libraries that are trying to gain a better understanding of their patrons' needs and thus make better management decisions to help satisfy those needs. The technique can also be used successfully in conjunction with other research tools, such as surveys, either to help develop a questionnaire or to explain specific survey results. This paper introduces the use of focus groups in library research, the skills needed to conduct groups, and their strengths and weaknesses. Examples of the use of focus groups in health sciences libraries are presented, including the results of a survey from these libraries.

Glitz, B

1997-01-01

125

Culturally Responsible Research, Teacher Certification and Gifted Education Services: A Response to Persson's Target Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Persson's (2012a) target article calls for a cultural sensitive research paradigm in the science of giftedness. It charts the potential threats to research validity affected by cultural bias having implications on study and practice in gifted education. The eight recommendations heading under: (1) mindset and habits; (2) research skills; and (3)…

Vidergor, Hava E.

2012-01-01

126

A Corpus-Based Syntactic Study of Medical Research Article Titles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English titles of medical research articles (RAs) are of great importance, the quality of which can, to a certain degree, affect impact factors of the articles, because many readers will make a decision as to whether to read on after reading titles. However, the special genre has not been extensively studied to date. This paper is designed to…

Wang, Yan; Bai, Yongquan

2007-01-01

127

Building Consensus in Science: Resources for Intertextual Dialog in Biology Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the way article writers bring prior texts into biology research articles. It studies the functional moves in which citations occur and their formal features, providing a better understanding of the linguistic resources that are used to construct intertextuality in science. The results show the functions of citations were…

Martinez, Iliana A.

2008-01-01

128

A corpus-based syntactic study of medical research article titles  

Microsoft Academic Search

English titles of medical research articles (RAs) are of great importance, the quality of which can, to a certain degree, affect impact factors of the articles, because many readers will make a decision as to whether to read on after reading titles. However, the special genre has not been extensively studied to date. This paper is designed to reveal the

Yan Wang; Yongquan Bai

2007-01-01

129

Academic vocabulary in agriculture research articles: A corpus-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent critical views on the usefulness of a general academic vocabulary have heightened the relevance of developing discipline specific academic wordlists to meet the needs of non-native English writers who must read and publish articles in English. Using Coxhead’s (2000) Academic Word List, we set out to identify the academic words in a corpus of research articles of agriculture. A

Iliana A. Martínez; Silvia C. Beck; Carolina B. Panza

2009-01-01

130

An exploration of a genre set: Research article abstracts and introductions in two disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disciplinary variation in academic writing has been explored for the most part by comparing a particular genre, such as the research article, across different disciplines. However, genre theorists have not systematically studied relationships among related genres. It is argued in this article that a study of relationships among related genres from different disciplines can inform us about the differences in

Betty Samraj

2005-01-01

131

Low-emission engines focus of research at Ulstein Bergen  

SciTech Connect

Since Bergen Diesel joined the Ulstein group of companies and was renamed Ulstein Bergen (UBE), the company`s engine activities have been given higher priority, particularly in regards to gas engine development. Research work at UBE focuses on the reduction of NO{sub x} emissions. The goal is to reduce NO{sub x} by 30% without exhaust gas treatment and without a fuel efficiency penalty. Results to date have indicated that a 12 to 15% reduction is already possible. Development activities also include research into dual-fuel units. A prototype has just started trials using traditional low-pressure gas technology and conventional injectors. 2 figs.

NONE

1994-05-01

132

THE REPORTING OF IRB REVIEW IN JOURNAL ARTICLES PRESENTING HIV RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated how often journal articles reporting on human HIV research in four developing world countries mention any institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), and what factors are involved. Methods We examined all such articles published in 2007 from India, Nigeria, Thailand and Uganda, and coded these for several ethical and other characteristics. Results Of 221 articles meeting inclusion criteria, 32.1% did not mention IRB approval. Mention of IRB approval was associated with: biomedical (versus psychosocial) research (P=0.001), more sponsor-country authors (P=0.003), sponsor-country corresponding author (P=0.047), mention of funding (P<0.001), particular host-country involved (P=0.002), journals having sponsor-country editors (P<0.001), and journal stated compliance with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (P=0. 003). Logistic regression identified 3 significant factors: mention of funding, journal having sponsor-country editors and research being biomedical. Conclusions One-third of articles still do not mention IRB approval. Mention varied by country, and was associated with biomedical research, and more sponsor country involvement. Recently, some journals have required mention of IRB approval, but allow authors to do so in cover letters to editors, not in the article itself. Instead, these data suggest, journals should require that articles document adherence to ethical standards.

KLITZMAN, ROBERT L.; KLEINERT, KELLY; RIFAI-BASHJAWISH, HODA; LEU, CHENG SHIUNG

2012-01-01

133

Basic science research to support the nuclear material focus area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Boak, J. M. (Jeremy M.); Eller, P. Gary; Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.

2002-01-01

134

Basic Science Research to Support the Nuclear Materials Focus Area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.; Boak, J. M.; Eller, P. G.

2002-02-26

135

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

136

Epistemology in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Published Articles, 2008-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the epistemological foundations of qualitative social work research. A template-based review was completed on 100 articles from social work journals. Reviewers examined five things: (1) the purpose or aims of the research, (2) the rationale or justification for the work, (3) the populations studied, (4) the presence of four…

Gringeri, Christina; Barusch, Amanda; Cambron, Christopher

2013-01-01

137

A Framework for Making Quantitative Educational Research Articles More Reader-Friendly for Practitioners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how quantitative research articles can be made much more reader-friendly. It illustrates how statistical language and research terminology can be simplified in reports. The paper also demonstrates how quantitative reports could be restructured to make them more reader friendly without sacrificing any…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

138

"Ideal-Problem-Solution" (IPS) Model: A Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIS) in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research article introductions (RAIs) play a significant role in gaining publication, and therefore have been studied by many applied linguists. Research into RAIs published in Indonesia has begun to be developed (Adnan, 2009; Mirahayuni, 2001; Safnil, 2000), and generally conclude that Indonesian Humanities RAIs were structured differently from…

Adnan, Zifirdaus

2011-01-01

139

Cognitive Genre Structures in Methods Sections of Research Articles: A Corpus Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports a corpus investigation of the Methods sections of research-reporting articles in academic journals. In published pedagogic materials, Swales and Feak [Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. (1994). Academic writing for graduate students. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press; Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. (2000). English in today's research

Bruce, Ian

2008-01-01

140

The Vocabulary Thresholds of Business Textbooks and Business Research Articles for EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research compiled two corpora, one for English-medium textbooks for business core courses (totaling 7.2 million running words) and the other for business research articles (7.62 million tokens), to form a basis of analysis. The results show that knowledge of the most frequent 3500 word families and 5000 word families plus proper nouns would…

Hsu, Wenhua

2011-01-01

141

Using Propensity Score Analysis for Making Causal Claims in Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The central role of the propensity score analysis (PSA) in observational studies is for causal inference; as such, PSA is often used for making causal claims in research articles. However, there are still some issues for researchers to consider when making claims of causality using PSA results. This summary first briefly reviews PSA, followed by…

Bai, Haiyan

2011-01-01

142

A Collection of NIDA NOTES. Articles That Address Research on Heroin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on heroin research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuses (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. Titles include: Buprenorphine Taken Three Times Per Week Is as Effective as Daily Doses in Treating Heroin Addiction; 33-Year Study Finds Lifelong, Lethal Consequences…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.

143

Pain Assessment in Journal of Athletic Training Articles 1992-1998: Implications for Improving Research and Practice  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine, evaluate, and summarize the techniques used to assess pain in all the Original Research articles published in the Journal of Athletic Training from 1992 through 1998. A second objective was to determine whether any of the Original Research investigations that did not assess pain were on topics that included a pain component. A third purpose was to make recommendations for assessing pain in a clinical athletic training setting. Data Sources: Every Original Research article published from 1992 through 1998 was reviewed independently by 2 of the authors to determine whether a pain assessment was included in the investigation and, if so, to evaluate the pain assessment technique used. Data Synthesis: A total of 23 (12.5%) of the 184 Original Research articles included some type of pain assessment. Most of these articles addressed the topics of delayed-onset muscle pain (43.5%), knee pain (17.4%), or pain resulting from cryotherapeutic procedures (17.4%). Most of the articles that included some type of pain measurement focused on the assessment of pain intensity using a category scale (17/23, 73.9%). In a substantial percentage of studies, a pain assessment tool that either lacked published supportive validity evidence (8/23, 34.8%) or was poorly constructed (because pain affect and pain intensity were confounded within a single scale) (7/23, 30.4%) was used. In a small number of articles on a topic directly relevant to pain (4/184, 2.2%), pain was not assessed, even though it could have provided useful information. Conclusions/Recommendations: Pain is a construct of interest to those conducting athletic training research. Pain measures were included in approximately 1 of every 8 Original Research articles published in the Journal of Athletic Training. However, investigators have too frequently measured pain in a limited fashion, often focusing only on pain intensity. Measuring other components of pain could provide additional opportunities for learning more about the relationships between pain and athletic training procedures. We recommend that athletic trainers involved in research, as well as those engaged in clinical practice, consider systematically employing valid, multidimensional measures of pain to better understand the relationships between pain and athletic training outcomes.

O'Connor, Patrick J.; Murphy, Robert M.; Courson, Ron W.; Ferrara, Michael S.

2000-01-01

144

Focusing biodiversity research on the needs of decision makers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project on Biodiversity Uncertainties and Research Needs (BURN) ensures the advancement of usable knowledge on biodiversity by obtaining input from decision makers on their priority information needs about biodiversity and then using this input to engage leading scientists in designing policy-relevant research. Decision makers articulated concerns related to four issues: significance of biodiversity; status and trends of biodiversity; management for biodiversity; and the linkage of social, cultural, economic, legal, and biological objectives. Leading natural and social scientists then identified the research required to address the decision makers' needs and determined the probability of success. The diverse group of experts reached consensus on several fundamental issues, helping to clarify the role of biodiversity in land and resource management. The BURN participants identified several features that should be incorporated into policy-relevant research plans and management strategies for biodiversity. Research and assessment efforts should be: multidisciplinary and integrative, participatory with stakeholder involvement, hierarchical (multiple scales), and problem- and region-specific. The activities should be focused regionally within a global perspective. Meta-analysis of existing data is needed on all fronts to assess the state of the science. More specifically, the scientists recommended six priority research areas that should be pursued to address the information needs articulated by decision makers: (1) characterization of biodiversity, (2) environmental valuation, (3) management for sustainability—for humans and the environment (adaptive management), (4) information management strategies, (5) governance and stewardship issues, and (6) communication and outreach. Broad recommendations were developed for each research area to provide direction for research planning and resource management strategies. The results will directly benefit those groups that require biodiversity research to address their needs—whether to develop policy, manage natural resources, or make other decisions affecting biodiversity.

Smythe, Katie D.; Bernabo, J. Christopher; Carter, Thomas B.; Jutro, Peter R.

1996-11-01

145

Air Force Research Laboratory's focused long term challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) mission is to provide support to the Air Force (AF) and the warfighters with an understanding of the science and technology that will form the foundation of future capabilities. AFRL has developed a strategic research and development process that translates the Department of Defense future capability needs into mid-term attributes, described in terms of technology achievements. Specific capabilities, like the delivery of a close-in sensing platform, require technologies from many different disciplines and require aligning priorities for nurturing and developing core competencies. AFRL's strategic vision is built upon the AF Science & Technology (S&T) Vision of Anticipate, Find, Fix, Track, Target, Engage, and Access - Anything, Anywhere, Anytime. In order to realize this vision, AFRL has developed Focused Long Term Challenges (FLTCs) that describe the AF problem space and constitute the AFRL long term S&T planning.

Rose, Leo J.

2008-05-01

146

Sharpening the focus in EMF research. [Electric and Magnetic Fields  

SciTech Connect

Research results have yet to settle whether or not exposure to magnetic fields can adversely affect human health, but recent studies have provided strong pointers to several fertile areas of inquiry. EPRI is planning new studies that will dig deeper into the mysteries of these key focus areas, including questions about what wire code classifications really represent as indicators of residential magnetic field exposure and whether they are appropriate surrogates for actual exposure measurements. Other questions surround the hypothesis that magnetic fields could suppress production of the hormone melatonin, representing a possible mechanism of biological interaction. In addition to health studies, EPRI is continuing work in other parts of its comprehensive EMF research program, which includes identification of significant field sources and investigation of potential field management methods.

Moore, T. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1992-03-01

147

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

148

Reprint of "Citation analysis as a measure of article quality, journal influence and individual researcher performance".  

PubMed

The research-related performance of universities, as well as that of individual researchers, is increasingly evaluated through the use of objective measures, or metrics, which seek to support or in some cases even replace more traditional methods of peer review. In particular there is a growing awareness in research communities, government organisations and funding bodies around the concept of using evaluation metrics to analyse research citations. The tools available for 'citation analysis' are many and varied, enabling a quantification of scientific quality, academic impact and prestige. However there is increasing concern regarding the potential misuse of such tools, which have limitations in certain research disciplines.This article uses 'real world' examples from radiography research and scholarship to illustrate the range of currently available citation analysis tools. It explores the academic debate surrounding their strengths and limitations, and identifies the potential impact of citation analysis on the radiography research community.The article concludes that citation analysis is a valuable tool for researchers to use for personal reflection and research planning, yet there are inherent dangers if it is used inappropriately. Whilst citation analysis can give objective information regarding an individual, research group, journal or higher education institution, it should not be used as a total substitute for traditional qualitative review and peer assessment. PMID:23566748

Nightingale, Julie M; Marshall, Gill

2013-04-06

149

A pragmatic approach to the macro-structure and metadiscoursal features of research article introductions in the field of Agricultural Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Swales’ (1990, 2004) Create-A-Research-Space model (CARS) as an investigative tool and Hyland’s (2005) model of metadiscourse, this article reports on a pragmatic two-level rhetorical analysis of the constituent moves and steps of research article introductions and focuses on the identification and mapping of the metadiscoursal features most frequently employed to signal such moves. Findings reveal that the application of

M. Milagros del Saz Rubio

2011-01-01

150

Focus group research dynamics and reporting: An examination of research objectives and moderator influences  

Microsoft Academic Search

While focus groups enjoy wide popularity in marketing practice, the methodological complexities of this form of qualitative\\u000a research are largely ignored. One such issue concerns how different moderators interact with alternative approaches to focus\\u000a group research to affect group processes and reporting. This study applies a philosophy of science perspective to understanding\\u000a the theoretical and practical importance of interactions between

William J. McDonald

1993-01-01

151

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter Research Focusing on the Past 25 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) celebrated its 50th anniversary on July 1, 2011. This article reviews its history, evolution, and transition of its research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr. During the 1990s, USARIEM published a series of…

Pandolf, Kent B.; Francesconi, Ralph; Sawka, Michael N.; Cymerman, Allen; Hoyt, Reed W.; Young, Andrew J.; Zambraski, Edward J.

2011-01-01

152

FOREWORD: Focus on innovation in ceramics research in East Asia Focus on innovation in ceramics research in East Asia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ceramics, as broadly defined, include all materials other than organic substances and metals, either crystalline or amorphous. They have been used by humans since early history and have contributed considerably to improving the quality of our life. In most cases, however, high-temperature treatment is necessary to prepare ceramics. This burdens the environment and there is therefore a great need for new ceramics processing methods. Recent technologically advanced ceramics are often composed of nanocrystallites, which have great potential for innovation in terms of exploring practical applications of nanomaterials and, consequently, reducing the environmental load. The ceramics industry had long flourished in Asia, particularly in East Asia, and even today, this region is leading the development of related materials. In line with these traditions, Japanese and Korean ceramics societies have been co-sponsoring seminars on ceramics since the 1980s. Having become more international in scope and context, a series of these seminars is now known as the International Japan-Korea Seminar on Ceramics. This focus issue contains eight key articles presented at the 26th International Japan-Korea Seminar on Ceramics held on 24-26 November 2010 at the Tsukuba International Congress Center. In particular, Fabbri et al review electrode materials for protonic solid-oxide fuel cells, and Kamiya et al outline the present situation and future prospects for transparent transistors, particularly those based on amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O films. Eitel et al discuss the progress in engineering high-strain lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. Kim and Kumar review a simple processing method for producing porous ceramics using polysiloxane precursors, Kamiya and Iijima focus on surface modification and characterization of nanomaterials, and Wan et al briefly review the strategy of reducing lattice thermal conductivity of thermoelectric materials and propose new materials for thermoelectric devices. Aubert et al introduce a novel technique of synthesizing composite nanomaterials and Cross and coworkers characterize Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) ferroelectric thin films co-doped with Bi and Fe to enhance PZT capacitor ferroelectric properties. These articles are closely related to the global environmental load and energy issues that require solutions in modern ceramics technology. We hope that this focus issue will help advance not only ceramics-related but also other fields of materials science.

Kato, Akio; Hishita, Shunichi; Osada, Minoru; Haneda, Hajime

2010-10-01

153

How to Read Scientific Research Articles: A Hands-On Classroom Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Undergraduate students are generally unfamiliar with scientific literature. Further, students experience frustration when they read research articles the way they read textbooks, from beginning to end. Using a team-based active learning exercise, an instruction librarian and colleagues at University of Texas at Austin introduce nutritional…

Bogucka, Roxanne; Wood, Emily

2009-01-01

154

A Genre-Based Investigation of Discussion Sections of Research Articles in Dentistry and Disciplinary Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outwardly the rhetorical organisation of sections of research reports in different disciplines can appear similar. Close examination, however, may reveal subtle differences. Numerous studies have drawn on the genre-based approach developed by Swales (1990, 2004) to investigate the schematic structure of sections of articles in a range of…

Basturkmen, Helen

2012-01-01

155

Evaluation of Research Article Abstracts in the narrative and Hard Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of evaluation in research article abstracts across disciplines. Results show differences in the manifestation, number, and type of explicit evaluations in the abstracts belonging to different disciplines in the field of the humanities, social and natural sciences. Also revealed differences in the rhetorical structure of the…

Stotesbury, Hilkka

2003-01-01

156

PROSPECTIVE TEACHERS READING RESEARCH ARTICLES: EXAMINING THE POTENTIALLY EMPOWERING AND DEBILITATING EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current mathematics education reform efforts regarding teacher preparation empha- size the development of content and pedagogical knowledge. In particular, the adequacy of teachers' mathematical knowledge receives considerable attention along with the effects of content knowledge on pedagogical practices. This paper illustrates how reading a particular research article designed to draw personal relevance for the investigation into the division of

David E. Meel

157

Remarks on the Communicative Functions of Hedging in Popular Scientific and Specialist Research Articles on Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hedging, the expression of tentativeness and possibility by means of epistemic devices, is often held to be a central feature of more technical ESP texts such as scientific specialist-to-specialist research articles. Furthermore, hedges are also seen as characteristic of medical discourse. This study demonstrates that in medical discourse hedging can also be applied frequently in less specialized ESP texts such

Teppo Varttala

1999-01-01

158

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Metacognitive Strategy Training for Reading Research Articles in an ESP Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an investigation into the reading processes of English-as-a-Foreign-Language/English for Special purposes students with respect to research articles in their specialty area: Biology. Specially explored how metacognitive strategy training influenced a group of readers' declarative and procedural knowledge and their choice and use of…

Dhieb-Henia, Nebila

2003-01-01

159

Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

Ryve, Andreas

2011-01-01

160

Persistence of information on the web: analyzing citations contained in research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the persistence of information on the web, look- ing at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer database. The number of URLs contained in research papers has increased from an average of 0.04 in 1992 to 1.8 in 1999. We analyzed the validity of URLs based on the year of publication ...

Steve Lawrence; Frans Coetzee; Eric Glover; Gary Flake; David Pennock; Bob Krovetz; Finn Nielsen; Andries Kruger; C LEE GILES

2000-01-01

161

Review Article: Ethical Issues in the Study of Second Language Acquisition--Resources for Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two recent books provide varied resources for exploring ethical issues in the social sciences. Reflection on ethical issues aims to sensitize scholars to a range of consequences of their research, and to scholars' responsibilities to their discipline, their colleagues, and the public. This review article assesses the utility of these texts (and of…

Thomas, Margaret

2009-01-01

162

Talking to the Academy: Forms of Hedging in Science Research Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Defines "hedging" as linguistic strategies that qualify categorical commitment to express possibility rather than certainty. Suggests that hedging is central to effective argument in scientific writing. Identifies the major forms, functions, and distribution of hedges in a corpus of 26 molecular biology research articles and describes the…

Hyland, Ken

1996-01-01

163

A prebaccalaureate PhD option: shaping the future of research-focused doctoral education.  

PubMed

The future of PhD education in nursing is at a crossroads. Our current practice of primarily enrolling post-master's students with years of clinical experience is not producing an adequate number of graduates who are able to make significant and sustained contributions to nursing research. Therefore, it is timely to consider educational innovations that encourage a different population of students to consider doctoral research training. A prebaccalaureate or early-entry option to the PhD in nursing is a means toward this end. At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a select group of prenursing students and students beginning the nursing major are offered an early admission to PhD education. A key component of the Early Entry PhD Option is immediate and intensive research training with an established nurse faculty researcher. In this article, the authors describe the curriculum of a prebaccalaureate, research-focused doctoral option and its early results. PMID:22085211

Nehls, Nadine; Barber, Gale

2011-11-16

164

Plutonium Focus Area research and development plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) committed to a research and development program to support the technology needs for converting and stabilizing its nuclear materials for safe storage. The R and D Plan addresses five of the six material categories from the 94-1 Implementation Plan: plutonium (Pu) solutions, plutonium metals and oxides, plutonium residues, highly enriched uranium, and special isotopes. R and D efforts related to spent nuclear fuel (SNF) stabilization were specifically excluded from this plan. This updated plan has narrowed the focus to more effectively target specific problem areas by incorporating results form trade studies. Specifically, the trade studies involved salt; ash; sand, slag, and crucible (SS and C); combustibles; and scrub alloy. The plan anticipates possible disposition paths for nuclear materials and identifies resulting research requirements. These requirements may change as disposition paths become more certain. Thus, this plan represents a snapshot of the current progress and will continue to be updated on a regular basis. The paper discusses progress in safeguards and security, plutonium stabilization, special isotopes stabilization, highly-enriched uranium stabilization--MSRE remediation project, storage technologies, engineered systems, core technology, and proposed DOE/Russian technology exchange projects.

NONE

1996-11-01

165

On What Diseases and Health Conditions Should New Economic Research on Health and Development Focus?  

PubMed Central

Given the public goods nature of research, economic research on health in developing countries is likely to have the highest returns by focusing, inter alia, on diseases and health conditions that are relatively widespread and costly and that are relatively rapidly growing. This article first summarizes the time patterns in economic research on diseases and health in developing countries for 1990–2005. It then compares those time patterns with the distribution of DALYS for diseases and health conditions in developing countries estimated for 2005 and for 2030. These comparisons suggest relatively overemphasis on HIV/AIDS and underemphasis on noncommunicable diseases. This opens the possibility for individuals or organizations initiating, re-evaluating or increasing their economic research on health and development to make a significant contribution by focusing particularly on the analysis of behaviour and policy choices related to non-communicable diseases. Careful consideration must, of course, be given to other demands, but on the basis of these two criteria, potential contributions are likely to be greatest from research with such a focus.

Behrman, Jere R.; Behrman, Julia A.; Perez, Nykia M.

2010-01-01

166

Special article: Future directions in malignant hyperthermia research and patient care.  

PubMed

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a complex pharmacogenetic disorder of muscle metabolism. To more closely examine the complexities of MH and other related muscle disorders, the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States (MHAUS) recently sponsored a scientific conference at which an interdisciplinary group of experts gathered to share new information and ideas. In this Special Article, we highlight key concepts and theories presented at the conference along with exciting new trends and challenges in MH research and patient care. PMID:21709147

Hirshey Dirksen, Sharon J; Larach, Marilyn Green; Rosenberg, Henry; Brandom, Barbara W; Parness, Jerome; Lang, Robert Scott; Gangadharan, Meera; Pezalski, Tyler

2011-06-27

167

Persistence of information on the web: Analyzing citations contained in research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the persistence of information on the web, looking at the percentage of invalid URLs contained in academic articles within the CiteSeer (ResearchIndex) database. The number of URLs contained in the papers has increased from an average of 0.06 in 1993 to 1.6 in 1999. We found that a significant percentage of URLs are now invalid, ranging ...

Steve Lawrence; Frans Coetzee; Eric Glover; Gary Flake; David Pennock; Bob Krovetz; Finn Nielsen; Andries Kruger; C LEE GILES

1998-01-01

168

Alustava runkosuunnitelma. Suunnattu perustutkimus ja uudet ideat. (Preliminary research scheme. Focused basic research and new ideas).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The KUITU (energy-efficient mechanical pulping) Research Programme is based on the paper industry's need to improve the quality of mechanical pulp and to reduce energy consumption in mechanical pulping. The aim of the sub-programme 1 is to focus basic res...

J. Sundholm

1988-01-01

169

Line focus solar thermal central receiver research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a study to examine the line focus central receiver alternative for solar thermal generation of electric power on a commercial scale are presented. The baseline concept consists of the following elements: (1) A solar collector (heliostat) whose geometry is the equivalent of a focused parabolic cylinder. The heliostat reflecting surface is composed of an array of flexible

D. G. Dicanio; W. J. Treytl; F. A. Jur; C. D. Watson

1979-01-01

170

Focus Groups: An Important Research Technique for Internal Evaluation Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of focus groups by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a tool of internal evaluation is described. Focus groups are used in an environment where credibility is key to achieving meaningful cooperation. Issues for consideration by other evaluators interested in the approach are summarized. (SLD)|

Duffy, Barbara Poitras

1993-01-01

171

Making a Difference with Experiential Education Research: Quality and Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do researchers make a difference with the research they conduct? Most people would like to think so. In this paper, the author argues that much of the research conducted by researchers is guided primarily by personal interests and needs and not because of professional needs or identified gaps in knowledge. The author also argues that experiential…

Sibthorp, Jim

2009-01-01

172

International retail research: focus, methodology and conceptual development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the development of research in international retailing over the last 20 years and propose a future research agenda within a conceptual framework. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews the development of the retail internationalisation literature. Findings – Explains how different research topics have emerged over the years and how researchers have

Nicholas Alexander; Anne Marie Doherty

2010-01-01

173

Business Education Index 1994. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals and Yearbooks Published during the Year 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This index lists business education articles and research studies compiled from a selected list of 48 periodicals and yearbooks that were published during 1994 and that were selected because of their focus on business education or business education-related topics such as information systems (including business communications), business teacher…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; And Others

1995-01-01

174

Module 2: Surveying the "Best of the Best"--A Seminar Based on Research Articles Nominated for the Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Work-Family Research. Work-Family Curriculum Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module offers students opportunities to examine the theories and research associated with a range of different disciplines that focus on relationships between family life and work life. The module is organized around articles that have been nominated for the Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Work-Family Research. This award process identifies…

Kossek, Ellen Ernst; Leana, Carrie; MacDermid, Shelley; Pitt-Catsouphes, Marcie; Raskin, Patricia; Secret, Mary; Sweet, Stephen

2006-01-01

175

Focus groups in cyberspace”: using the Internet for qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of the Internet as a valuable methodological research tool is increasingly being recognised by both market researchers and academics. This paper contributes to the debate surrounding virtual synchronous group interviews and the value of online research. Specifically it introduces the use of a software conferencing technique – Hotline Connect – and discusses the implications of using the technique

Henrietta O’Connor; Clare Madge

2003-01-01

176

Researchers in higher education: a neglected focus of study?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on higher education acknowledges the importance of context to the effective completion of research by postgraduate students but overlooks to study the importance of this factor for academics in higher education. The research reported here explores the extent to which academics in higher education sense that their research engages them in a collective effort, as against individualistic effort

G. Moss; K. Kubacki

2007-01-01

177

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

PubMed Central

Background The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. Methods A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. Results Although the energy deficit approach to weight management has a high long-term failure rate it continues to dominate research in the field. In the current research agenda, controversies and complexities in the evidence base are inadequately discussed, and claims about the likely success of weight management misrepresent available evidence. Conclusions Dietetic literature on weight management fails to meet the standards of evidence based medicine. Research in the field is characterised by speculative claims that fail to accurately represent the available data. There is a corresponding lack of debate on the ethical implications of continuing to promote ineffective treatment regimes and little research into alternative non-weight centred approaches. An alternative health at every size approach is recommended.

2010-01-01

178

Airbreathing Hypersonic Systems Focus at NASA Langley Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents the status of the airbreathing hypersonic airplane and space-access vehicle design matrix, reflects on the synergies and issues, and indicates the thrust of the effort to resolve the design matrix and to focus/advance systems technolog...

J. L. Hunt V. L. Rausch

1998-01-01

179

Developing classroom-focused research in technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last 10 years, curriculum documents in Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Hong Kong, and New Zealand have emphasized the importance of students’ developing technological literacy. In utilizing research findings to consider future curriculum needs, there is the danger that the field may come to be understood in light of the research undertaken, not in light

Alister Jones; Judy Moreland

2003-01-01

180

Threshold Concepts: A Point of Focus for Practitioner Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participants with teaching and research experience across eight disciplinary areas were introduced to the idea of "threshold concepts" and were then invited to identify potential threshold concepts in their own disciplines through small-scale research activities. Participants conceptualized their involvement in different ways: for some it…

Irvine, Naomi; Carmichael, Patrick

2009-01-01

181

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

In September of 1987 the United States, along with 26 other countries, signed a landmark treaty to limit and subsequently, through revisions, phase out the production of all significant ozone depleting substances. Many researchers suspected that these chemicals, especially chl...

182

Chinese Oceanographic Research. Trends in Topical and Geographic Focus.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the economic boom that started in the early 1990s, China has expanded its educational and scientific programs. Funds have increased rapidly for education and scientific research. From 1993 to 2006, enrollment of full- time students in universities a...

P. C. Chu R. Li

2009-01-01

183

Consent and research governance in biobanks: evidence from focus groups with medical researchers.  

PubMed

Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010-2011. The study highlights a range of issues associated with the research oversight and consent process (including obtaining ethical approval to use biobank samples and particular concerns for international studies), the benefits and limitations of broad consent and the possibilities of revoking consent. Many of these issues originate in the relatively static consent processes that currently govern the biobanking process. However, it is now possible to develop reliable, dynamic processes using information technology that can resolve many of these ethical and legal concerns. The 'dynamic consent' approach therefore offers the opportunity to fundamentally transform the process of medical research in a manner that addresses the concerns of both patients and medical researchers. PMID:22722687

Whitley, E A; Kanellopoulou, N; Kaye, J

2012-06-20

184

Focus on Psychometrics Single-Item Indicators in Nursing Research  

PubMed Central

Single-item indicators that ask respondents for their global rating of a specific concept are congruent with nursing’s emphasis on wholism and individualism. They allow the subject to take personally salient features of the situation into account when providing a response. The psychometric performance of single-item indicators in published research and in a sample data set using measures of the mother’s choice and satisfaction with her employment decision support the validity and reliability of the measures, suggesting that these indicators deserve more attention in nursing research. Recommendations for the use of single-item indicators are provided.

Youngblut, JoAnne M.; Casper, Gail R.

2013-01-01

185

"Ganando Confianza": Research Focus Groups with Immigrant Mexican Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Immigrant families with children with developmental disabilities must be served using culturally sensitive approaches to service and research to maximize treatment benefits. In an effort to better understand cultural issues relevant to the provision of parenting programs for immigrant Mexican mothers of children with developmental disabilities,…

Hausmann-Stabile, Carolina; Zayas, Luis H.; Runes, Sandra; Abenis-Cintron, Anna; Calzada, Esther

2011-01-01

186

Climate changes focus of research on effects of nuclear war  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research involving the modeling of 18 nuclear war scenarios shows that enough dust and soot could be injected into the atmosphere to block sunlight for two to three months and create a nuclear winter. The type of target appears to be more critical than the total megatonnage. The model assumes that rainfall will follow normal patterns, although the temperature

1983-01-01

187

Research and its relationship to nurse education: Focus and capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing, midwifery and health visiting together form the largest professional workforce within the NHS, and the clinical activities of nurses and the outcomes of these interventions are, therefore, of critical importance to patients. In consequence, adequate preparation for practice should include evidence-based nursing interventions, education to evaluate such evidence, understanding of research methodology and exposure to educators who are engaged

Robert Newell

2002-01-01

188

The Use of Focus Groups in Design Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of research within information systems (IS) may be categorized into two key perspectives, natural science and design science. While natural science seeks to develop and verify theories that explain phenomena, design science attempts to solve human and organizational problems through the creation of innovative artefacts. An important aspect of design science investigations is the evaluation of the design

Marcus Gibson; David Arnott

2007-01-01

189

Stratospheric ozone depletion. A focus on EPA`s research  

SciTech Connect

The mission of EPA`s Office of Research and Development (ORD) includes identifying and quantifying the risks associated with stratospheric ozone depletion; working cooperatively with the private sector to catalyze development of safe alternative chemicals and technologies; and studying both natural and human-induced effects on the Earth`s atmosphere.

Burke, P.

1995-03-01

190

UBC researcher's back-pain studies focus on space travel.  

PubMed

Researchers at the University of British Columbia have been studying back pain that develops in astronauts in space. Their findings not only may help astronauts cope with future space travel, but also lead to new treatments for Earth-bound patients who experience back pain. PMID:8542570

Robinson, M

1996-01-01

191

Faculty at Work: Focus on Research, Scholarship, and Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study compared selected personal and environmental motivational variables in college faculty with allocation of work effort to research, scholarship, and service. Faculty were from eight liberal arts and sciences departments in a range of institution types. For all institutional types, self-valuation motivators significantly accounted for the…

Blackburn, Robert T.; And Others

1991-01-01

192

Near minimum-time maneuvers of the advanced space structures technology research experiment (ASTREX) test article: Theory and experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Phillips Laboratory at the Edwards Air Force Base has developed the Advanced Space Structures Technology Research Experiment (ASTREX) facility to serve as a testbed for demonstrating the applicability of proven theories to the challenges of spacecraft maneuvers and structural control. This report describes the work performed on the ASTREX test article by Texas A&M University under contract NAS119373 as a part of the Control-Structure Interaction (CSI) Guest Investigator Program. The focus of this work is on maneuvering the ASTREX test article with compressed air thrusters that can be throttled, while attenuating structural excitation. The theoretical foundation for designing the near minimum-time thrust commands is based on the generation of smooth, parameterized optimal open-loop control profiles, and the determination of control laws for final position regulation and tracking using Lyapunov stability theory. Details of the theory, mathematical modeling, model updating, and compensation for the presence of 'real world' effects are described and the experimental results are presented. The results show an excellent match between theory and experiments.

Vadali, Srinivas R.; Carter, Michael T.

1994-08-01

193

Research articles published in the Journal of Adolescent Health: a two-decade comparison 1 1 The full text of this article is available via JAH Online at http:\\/\\/www.elsevier.com\\/locate\\/jahonline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine changes in subject contents and study designs of research articles published in the Journal of Adolescent Health since its inception.Methods: A retrospective review of all research articles was conducted from selected years, ranging from 1980 through 1998. The study sample was composed of the following: original articles, case reports, brief scientific reports, international articles, fellowship forum, and

Barbara A Cromer; Margaret M Stager

2000-01-01

194

Arguing for Experimental "Facts" in Science: A Study of Research Article Results Sections in Biochemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Claims that the contextual nature of "results" sections in scientific articles remains largely unexplored. Examines scientific publications by biochemists. Identifies six rhetorical moves common to such articles. Demonstrates the rhetorical nature of science writing. (HB)|

Thompson, Dorothea K.

1993-01-01

195

The Secret Life of Focus Groups: Robert Merton and the Diffusion of a Research Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups became popular in social research in the 1980s. Robert Merton has pointed to the continuities and discontinuities\\u000a between focus groups and the wartime use of ‘focused interviewing’ he and his colleagues developed at the Bureau of Applied\\u000a Social Research. Using a variety of sources, the paper attempts to chart the ways in which focused interviewing came to be

Raymond M. Lee

2010-01-01

196

Young Researchers Focus on the Extreme Energy Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new dimension to cosmic-ray research opened in 1998 in Alberta when the first node of a new kind of sparse very-large-area network of cosmic-ray detectors began to take data. The innovative aspect of the Alberta Large-area Time-coincidence Array (ALTA) is that it is deployed in high schools, involving school children in the excitement of fundamental research. Independently, in 2000 the Cosmic Ray Observatory Project (CROP), centred at the University of Nebraska, set up five schools with cosmic ray detectors. Around the same time the Washington Large-area Time-coincidence Array (WALTA) installed its first detectors. I shall describe the development of "educational cosmic ray arrays" from 1998 and briefly discuss the physics issues that such arrays could address. Also, I will introduce the idea of using experimental cosmic ray physics as a means to involve developing countries in the global scientific culture. In conclusion I will attempt to elucidate future directions.

Pinfold, James L.

2011-06-01

197

Invited Paper: Profiling Intelligent Systems Applications in Fraud Detection and Prevention: Survey of Research Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys intelligent systems (IS) applications using a literature review and classification of articles from 1956 to 2009 with a keyword index and article abstract in order to explore how IS applications in the field of fraud detection and prevention have developed during this period. Based on the scope of 36 articles found from Web of science (SSCI, SCI

Mirjana Pejic-Bach

2010-01-01

198

Researchers Focus on Fire Clouds That Reach to the Stratosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volcanic eruptions are not the only violent events that can inject smoke-colored and cauliflower-textured clouds into the stratosphere. Pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCB) storms can, too. These recently discovered phenomena are storms caused or aided by fire; they have many characteristics similar to thunderstorms, including lightning, hail, and extreme vertical height through the troposphere and into the lower stratosphere. Common wisdom had held that “the only event that can explosively pollute the stratosphere is a volcanic eruption,” Michael Fromm, a meteorologist with the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D. C., said at a 9 August press briefing at the 2010 Meeting of the Americas in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. “Now we know that pyroCBs can do a version of this, thanks to the heat from fire.”

Showstack, Randy

2010-08-01

199

Global Change Research: A Focus on Mountain Ecosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, visitors can learn about the nine year research project that the U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and the University of Montana are conducting at Glacier National Park to determine how the mountain wilderness has responded to climatic variability and other external stressors. Visitors can learn how, based on their climate variability models, future climate scenarios will affect various watersheds in the area. Users can learn about the Brewer spectrophotometer, which collects UV-B radiation data to determine the possible patterns associated with the thinning of the ozone layers. The Web site also discusses how glaciers have already changed due to current warming conditions and how this affects the system as a whole. By visiting Grinnell Glacier Photo Gallery, everyone can observe how the glaciers have receded in the last one hundred years.

200

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

201

Focus Groups in Qualitative Research: Culturally Sensitive Methodology for the Arabian Gulf?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores whether focus groups can constitute a culturally sensitive method of data gathering for educational leadership, management and related areas in a Gulf-Arab cultural context. Reviewing the literature on focus groups and cross-cultural psychology for the Arab region, it identifies key notions related to societal values such as…

Thomas, Andrew

2008-01-01

202

Border Health Focused Research Agenda Development Conference Proceedings: Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Border Health Focused Research Agenda Development Conference brought together health policymakers (legislators and health commissioners) and policy researchers from the four U.S. -Mexico Border States. The primary goal of the Conference which was conv...

A. W. Nichols

1981-01-01

203

Data and analysis note: A new type of article for Water Resources Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water Resources Research (WRR) is pleased to announce a new type of article, the data and analysis note, which will fill a gap in current AGU publications. The purpose of this new type of manuscript is to describe data sets, analysis procedures, and algorithms that are of interest and significance to a segment of the profession but are too specialized and extensive to publish in toto in WRR. The casual network that historically has permitted data to be shared on an informal basis among investigators in a particular subdiscipline of water resources is no longer a sufficient method of distributing data. The many investigators spread around the world, the large quantity of scientific data, the costs of maintaining and increasing the quality of the data, and the increasing use of a variety of data by nonspecialists have made it increasingly difficult to share data adequately on an informal basis. A wide variety of international, national, and program-oriented data centers have been organized over the past quarter century to archive data. Nonetheless, important data sets are often unknown or inaccessible to many potential users. Furthermore, many scientists expend considerable effort and resources to obtain and reduce data to usable form, but for a variety of reasons do not bring these data to a stage where the scientific results merit journal publication. Thus the scientist receives little or no recognition for producing a widely used data set. Similarly, geoscientists who develop well-documented algorithms, analysis procedures, and instrumentation often receive limited recognition for their efforts. The products resulting from the diligent efforts of these scientists may not be widely known and disseminated. To alleviate the problems outlined above, WRR is instituting a new type of manuscript called the "data and analysis note."

Hornberger, George M.

1994-12-01

204

Computer-Aided Research in Machine Translation D199 English Article Insertion: Further Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For an 8000-word sample of English text, it was found possible to provide at least an acceptable article for more than 90 per cent of the noun occurrences at a 'cost' of providing a dual article for half of the occurrences. This can be achieved by making ...

J. Brewer

1965-01-01

205

Changes to English as an Additional Language Writers' Research Articles: From Spoken to Written Register  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of writing journal articles is increasingly being seen as a collaborative process, especially where the authors are English as an Additional Language (EAL) academics. This study examines the changes made in terms of register to EAL writers' journal articles by a native-speaker writing centre advisor at a private university in Turkey.…

Koyalan, Aylin; Mumford, Simon

2011-01-01

206

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 7, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus on Basics is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. Focus on Basics is dedicated to connecting…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

2004-01-01

207

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 6, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

2004-01-01

208

The use of group support systems in focus groups: Information technology meets qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores focus groups supported by group support systems (GSS) with anonymous interaction capability in two configurations: same time\\/same place and same time\\/different place. After reviewing the literature, we compare and contrast these anonymity-featured GSS-supported focus groups with traditional focus groups and discuss their benefits and limitations. We suggest directions for future research concerning GSS-supported focus groups with respect

Esther E. Klein; Thomas Tellefsen; Paul J. Herskovitz

2007-01-01

209

Enhancing Practitioner Knowledge through a Unique Abstracting Format Used with "Research on Social Work Practice" Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to bridge the long-standing schism between social work researchers and practitioners, "Research on Social Work Practice" ("RSWP") presents an additional structured abstract for inclusion in their published articles called the practitioner knowledge abstract (PKA). Its conceptualization and rationale are presented, as are some case…

Holosko, Michael J.

2009-01-01

210

The International Visibility and Citation Impact of Scandinavian Research Articles in Selected Social Science Fields: The Decay of a Myth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article covers the period 1989–1998. It investigates the results and meaningfulness of applying the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI, ISI, USA) to publication and citation studies of nine selected Social Science research areas in Scandinavia by analysing the international visibility, the research profiles, and relative citation impact. The study demonstrates that the areas Economics, Political Science, Sociology & Anthropology,

Peter Ingwersen

2000-01-01

211

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research Volume 44, Number 3. (Articles and Book Reviews).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Articles; Partial vs. General Equilibrium Analysis of Trade Policy Reform; Alternative Forms for Production Functions of Irrigated Crops; Evaluating Orange Growers Exercise of Market Power with Marketing Order Volume Control Regulations; Book Re...

J. Blaylock D. Smallwood J. Carlin

1993-01-01

212

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, Volume 45, Number 1. (Articles and Book Reviews).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents; Articles; Consumer Awareness of Diet-Disease Relationships and Dietary Behavior: The Case of Dietary Fat; The Implications of Offsetting Ajustments in Government Purchase Prices for Butter and Nonfat Dry Milk; Cost, Supply, and Farm Structure: A...

J. Blaylock D. Smallwood J. Harrison

1994-01-01

213

Traumatic brain injury: next steps, research needed, and priority focus areas.  

PubMed

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been not only a major focus of concern during the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, but also among our garrison service members. The prevalence of these injuries has compelled the nation and Congress to invest in the development of policies and programs that support evidence-based care for the full continuum of TBI, from mild (otherwise known as concussion) to severe and penetrating brain injuries. Although, the Department of Defense has made great strides in the areas of TBI clinical care, education, and research, there remains a great need to leverage scientific, policy, and clinical advancement to maximize care of the service member. The purpose of this article is to outline the 7 major areas of work currently being undertaken to help advance the field of TBI. The 7 areas include: (1) eliminating undetected mild traumatic brain injury through prompt early diagnosis, (2) ensuring force readiness and addressing cultural barriers, (3) improving collaborations with the Department of Veterans Affairs, other federal agencies, and academic and civilian organizations, (4) improving deployment-related assessments, (5) deploying effective treatments, (6) conducting military-relevant and targeted research, and (7) enhancing information technology systems. PMID:22953445

Helmick, Kathy; Baugh, Laura; Lattimore, Tracie; Goldman, Sarah

2012-08-01

214

On the Use of Focus Groups in Cross-Cultural Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the diffusion of focus groups method across disciplines and in several areas of research, and although scholars\\u000a have indicated the utility of this method in cross-cultural research and research with ethnic minority groups, focus groups\\u000a have been used in this kind of study to a limited extent. One of the reasons for this might be due to

Erminia Colucci

215

Developing and Evaluating a Web-based Resource for Writing Research Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academics are increasingly expected to be research productive. An impressive research output requires the ability to communicate in sophisticated written English in order to ensure that a publication is of an acceptable standard. In response to the demands for advanced writing skills to maintain high standards in research publications, a pilot online writing network of information (OWN) has been developed

SIMA SENGUPTA

2003-01-01

216

How can Learning about the Structure of Research Articles Help International Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of international students coming to Australia or New Zealand to obtain higher degrees is on the increase. Few of them, however, had their research published in scholarly journals during their study. Evidence from research into professional academic writing has indicated that many non-native speaking researchers have difficulty getting their work published in English. One of the problematic areas,

Phuong Dzung

217

Twenty-Six Key Research Questions in Urban Stream Ecology: An Assessment of the State of the Science (Journal Article)  

EPA Science Inventory

Abstract. Urban streams have been the focus of much research in recent years, but many questions about the mechanisms driving the urban stream syndrome remain unanswered. Identification of key research questions is an important step toward effective, efficient management of urba...

218

A Decade of Research on Health Content in the Media: The Focus on Health Challenges and Sociocultural Context and Attendant Informational and Ideological Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a burgeoning interest in the health and illness content of popular media in the domains of advertising, journalism, and entertainment. This article reviews the past 10 years of this research, describing the relationship between the health topics addressed in the research, the shifting focus of concerns about the media, and, ultimately, the variation in problems for health promotion.

Kimberly N. Kline

2006-01-01

219

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

220

Research focus and methodological choices in studies into students' experiences of blended learning in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews representative research into blended learning in universities, taking into account the methodology used, the focus of the research and the relationship between the two. In terms of methodology, most research was classifiable as case-studies, survey-based studies or comparative studies. A small number of studies take a comparatively more holistic approach and one of the outcomes from this

Ana-Maria Bliuc; Peter Goodyear; Robert A. Ellis

2007-01-01

221

Research Focus and Methodological Choices in Studies into Students' Experiences of Blended Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper reviews representative research into blended learning in universities, taking into account the methodology used, the focus of the research and the relationship between the two. In terms of methodology, most research was classifiable as case-studies, survey-based studies or comparative studies. A small number of studies take a…

Bliuc, Ana-Maria; Goodyear, Peter; Ellis, Robert A.

2007-01-01

222

International Implications for Focusing Research in Career and Technical Training and Workforce Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education and educational research is shaped by philosophy, psychology, and ever changing educational policies. Previous studies have expressed a need for relevant and focused research for agricultural education, career and technical education, workforce development education, and internationally, vocational education. A need for a relevant and timely research agenda exists for the field of career and technical education. The problem is

Jeanea M. Lambeth; Theresa Pesl Murphrey; Jack Elliot; Richard M. Joerger

223

Employee-focused research in HRM: the case of dairy processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an emerging consensus that HRM research should pay greater attention to employee interests and concerns. This paper argues that employee-focused research should examine the prospects for ‘employment upgrading’ in sectors characterised by poor job quality. Previous research on this topic is reviewed and new case study evidence presented from the dairy processing industry. The findings show that although

Enda Hannon

2010-01-01

224

Validity of claims made in weight management research: a narrative review of dietetic articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The best available evidence demonstrates that conventional weight management has a high long-term failure rate. The ethical implications of continued reliance on an energy deficit approach to weight management are under-explored. METHODS: A narrative literature review of journal articles in The Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics from 2004 to 2008. RESULTS: Although the energy deficit approach to weight

Lucy Aphramor

2010-01-01

225

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

226

Interacting with the Reader: Politeness Strategies in Engineering Research Article Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The writer's strategy to combine the exposition of factual information with personal judgement and interaction with the reader has been analysed in a number of studies (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour and Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997). Myers' studies (1989, 1992) on the pragmatics of politeness in scientific articles analyse politeness…

Salom, Luz Gil; Monreal, Carmen Soler

2009-01-01

227

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

228

RESEARCH ARTICLES Public Perception of Population Health Risks in Canada: Health Hazards and Sources of Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national survey of health risk perception among 1,503 Canadians was conducted in 2004. The current survey follows-up a previous national survey conducted in 1992 and documents changes in risk perception since that time and investigates new risk issues not previously examined. This article presents a description of the ratings of perceived risk of thirty specific hazards to the Canadian

Daniel Krewski; Louise Lemyre; Michelle C. Turner; Jennifer E. C. Lee; Christine Dallaire; Louise Bouchard; Kevin Brand; Pierre Mercier

2006-01-01

229

Scientific evaluations of citation quality of international research articles in the SCI database: Thailand case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Quantitative and qualitative scientific evaluations of the research performance of Thai researchers were carried out with\\u000a regards to their international publications and citations in four different subject categories; namely Clinical Medicine,\\u000a Chemistry, Material Sciences, and Engineering. This work used citations to publications of Thai researchers in the Science\\u000a Citation Index (SCI) database during 1998-2002 as a data source. The calculations

Narongrit Sombatsompop; Apisit Kositchaiyong; Teerasak Markpin; Sekson Inrit

2006-01-01

230

Whither Cognitive Bias Modification Research? Commentary on the Special Section Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary reviews key theoretical, methodological, and clinical issues raised by recent research on cognitive bias modification (CBM). The authors identify the major ways in which the new work reported within this special section extends earlier CBM research. In particular, they note that it considers a wider range of participants, includes a greater diversity of symptoms measures, and targets for

Colin MacLeod; Ernst H. W. Koster; Elaine Fox

2009-01-01

231

Methods Matter: Improving Causal Inference in Educational and Social Science Research: A Review Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professors Richard J. Murnane and John B. Willett set out to capitalize on recent developments in education data and methodology by attempting to answer the following questions: How can new methods and data be applied most effectively in educational and social science research? What kinds of research designs are most appropriate? What kinds of…

Eide, Eric R.; Showalter, Mark H.

2012-01-01

232

Stance and Engagement in Pure Mathematics Research Articles: Linking Discourse Features to Disciplinary Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent ESP research into academic writing has shown how writers convey their stance and interact with readers across different disciplines. However, little research has been carried out into the disciplinary writing practices of the pure mathematics academic community from an ESP genre analysis perspective. This study begins to address this gap…

McGrath, Lisa; Kuteeva, Maria

2012-01-01

233

Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles that Address Research on Methamphetamine. Revised October 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2010-01-01

234

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address Research on Methamphetamine (Revised April 2008).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: g...

2008-01-01

235

Collection of NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Notes Articles that Address Research on Club Drugs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NDIA) supports more than 85 percent of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction, NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abu...

2003-01-01

236

Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles that Address Research on Marijuana. Revised October 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2010-01-01

237

Collection of NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Articles that Address Research on Marijuana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NDIA) supports more than 85 percent of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction, NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abu...

2003-01-01

238

The LEAD Portal: a TeraGrid gateway and application service architecture: Research Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery (LEAD) Portal is a science application portal designed to enable effective use of Grid resources in exploring mesoscale meteorological phenomena. The aim of the LEAD Portal is to provide a more productive interface for doing experimental work by the meteorological research community, as well as bringing weather research to a wider class of users,

Christie Marcus; Marru Suresh

2007-01-01

239

Research Paper: Text Categorization Models for High-Quality Article Retrieval in Internal Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveFinding the best scientific evidence that applies to a patient problem is becoming exceedingly difficult due to the exponential growth of medical publications. The objective of this study was to apply machine learning techniques to automatically identify high-quality, content-specific articles for one time period in internal medicine and compare their performance with previous Boolean-based PubMed clinical query filters of Haynes

Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs; Ioannis Tsamardinos; Alexander R. Statnikov; Douglas Hardin; Constantin F. Aliferis

2005-01-01

240

Beyond Form-Focused Instruction: Reflections on Past, Present and Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1997 I published a paper in Language Teaching entitled "Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research". The paper reviewed the results of studies investigating the effects of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning. It was organized around seven questions,…

Spada, Nina

2011-01-01

241

Beyond Form-Focused Instruction: Reflections on Past, Present and Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997 I published a paper in Language Teaching entitled "Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research". The paper reviewed the results of studies investigating the effects of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning. It was organized around seven questions,…

Spada, Nina

2011-01-01

242

Focus groups as a qualitative method for crosscultural research in social gerontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus group approach for collecting qualitative data can be usefully applied in social gerontological studies, both in a single setting and cross-culturally. The experiences of the research terms participating in the Comparative Study of Asian Elderly in employing focus groups are described, and their advantages and disadvantages as a general method for gathering basic qualitative data are discussed. While

John Knodel

1995-01-01

243

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice: Workplace Education, Volume 7, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on workplace education and includes the following articles: "After the Grant Is Over" (Connie Nelson); "Around to Stay" (Shirley Penn and Mary Zorn); "A Conversation with FOB: What Benefits Does Workplace Ed Offer the Provider?"; "Reading Work" (Tracy Defoe and Sue Folinsbee); "Much More than ABE" (Don Block and Lori…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

244

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice: Workplace Education, Volume 7, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue focuses on workplace education and includes the following articles: "After the Grant Is Over" (Connie Nelson); "Around to Stay" (Shirley Penn and Mary Zorn); "A Conversation with FOB: What Benefits Does Workplace Ed Offer the Provider?"; "Reading Work" (Tracy Defoe and Sue Folinsbee); "Much More than ABE" (Don Block and Lori…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

245

The Evolutionary Nature of Genre: An Investigation of the Short Texts Accompanying Research Articles in the Scientific Journal "Nature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present empirical analysis of the short texts accompanying research articles in the scientific journal "Nature" covering a period from 1991 to 2005, not only shows that these texts are significantly different from prescriptive models of abstracts, but that they have also recently undergone a further change. Up until 1996, in contrast to the…

Ayers, Gael

2008-01-01

246

The Reliability of Evidence Contained in the National Qualifications Framework Impact Study: A Critical Reflection--Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reflects on the reliability of the evidence contained in the National Qualifications Framework Impact Study, a longitudinal comparative study conducted by the South African Qualifications Authority since 2002. In so doing, the veracity of evidence-based research in determining the impact of the South African Qualifications Framework…

Higgs, Philip; Keevy, James

2007-01-01

247

Apprentice Scholarly Writing in a Community of Practice: An Intraview of an NNES Graduate Student Writing a Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about what an apprentice scholar in a non-Anglophone context undergoes when writing a research article for publication in English-medium journals. This study highlights "a rich notion of agency" by examining a nonnative-English-speaking graduate student's engagement with his "community of practice" (Lave & Wenger, 1991; Wenger,…

Li, Yongyan

2007-01-01

248

Genre Analysis: Structural and Linguistic Evolution of the English-Medium Medical Research Article (1985-2004)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports a corpus-based genre analysis of the structural and linguistic evolution of medical research articles (RAs) written in English. Towards that end, we analyzed the frequency of occurrence of the 11 moves identified by Nwogu (1997), of the three most frequently used verb tenses (simple past, simple present and present perfect) and…

Li, Li-Juan; Ge, Guang-Chun

2009-01-01

249

A Corpus-Based Lexical Study on Frequency and Distribution of Coxhead's Awl Word Families in Medical Research Articles (RAs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We conducted a lexical study on the word frequency and the text coverage of the 570 word families from Coxhead's Academic Word List (AWL) in medical research articles (RAs) based on a corpus of 50 medical RAs written in English with 190425 running words. By computer analysis, we found that the text coverage of the AWL words accounted for around…

Chen, Qi; Guang-Chun, Ge

2007-01-01

250

When Is It Acceptable to Make Prescriptive Statements in Educational Research Articles? Commentary on the Special Issue Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commentary considers when it is acceptable to make prescriptive statements in educational research articles. It begins with a consensus view, agreeing with the analysis offered by Marley and Levin (Educational Psychology Review, 2011), that experimental evidence is necessary. Other forms of evidence are considered (e.g., observational,…

Yussen, Steven R.

2011-01-01

251

Genre analysis, and the social sciences: An investigation of the structure of research article discussion sections in three disciplines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Discussion sections of 30 social science Research Articles, 10 each from the disciplines of history, political science and sociology, were analyzed according to a modified version of the moves, or communicative categories, presented in previous studies. It was found that, although there were fundamental similarities to the natural sciences, social science Discussion sections also displayed some distinctive features. History

Richard Holmes

1997-01-01

252

The Evolutionary Nature of Genre: An Investigation of the Short Texts Accompanying Research Articles in the Scientific Journal "Nature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present empirical analysis of the short texts accompanying research articles in the scientific journal "Nature" covering a period from 1991 to 2005, not only shows that these texts are significantly different from prescriptive models of abstracts, but that they have also recently undergone a further change. Up until 1996, in contrast to the…

Ayers, Gael

2008-01-01

253

Importance of free access to research articles on decision to submit to the BMJ: survey of authors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To determine whether free access to research articles on bmj.com is an important factor in authors' decisions on whether to submit to the BMJ, whether the introduction of access controls to part of the BMJ's content has influenced authors' perceptions of the journal, and whether the introduction of further access controls would influence authors' perceptions. Design Cross sectional electronic

Sara Schroter

2006-01-01

254

Review Article: Recent Publications on Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The central goal of the field of second language acquisition (SLA) is to describe and explain how second language learners acquire the target language. In order to achieve this goal, SLA researchers work with second language data, which can take a variety of forms, including (but not limited to) such commonly used methods as naturalistic…

Ionin, Tania

2013-01-01

255

Progress in Research and Theory: Eleven Years of International Public Relations Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public relations has been caught up in the drive to internationalize business. Organizations are now dealing with global constituencies on a more frequent basis, which increases the demand for international public relations. One concern raised by this development is whether or not theory and research are keeping pace with the international needs…

Coombs, W. Timothy

256

Research article DNA obtained from decomposed corpses cartilage: A comparison with skeleton muscle source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification by autossomal STR genotyping of human remains with obvious signs of postmortem decomposition represents a great challenge to forensic science. Skeleton muscle has been recommended if soft tissue is chosen. In this research, the authors compare the results achieved with hyaline cartilage and skeleton muscle collected from 21 dead bodies, as part of the efforts to identify thevictims from

A. Trindade-Filho; C. Mendes; S. Ferreira; S. Oliveira; A. Vasconcelos; F. Mai; H. Pak; K. Paul

257

ARTICLE SOMAS-URM: The Evolution of a Mentoring and Summer Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

are to use the travel support to attend the joint Annual Meetings of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) and the Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN). Faculty Awardees are required to participate in the Survival Skills and Ethics Workshop held at the SfN Meeting to prepare them to write grants aimed at supporting their research programs. Students are to present their

Julio J. Ramirez; Scott Tonidandel

258

Humble servants of the discipline? Self-mention in research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine the view that research writing is a modest, self-effacing task which involves authors eradicating themselves from their texts to gain acceptance for their work. Conflicting advice in textbooks and style guides, and the apparently diverse conventions of different disciplines, mean that the extent to which writers can explicitly intrude into their discourse is highly problematic

Ken Hyland

2001-01-01

259

Method Sections of Management Research Articles: A Pedagogically Motivated Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notwithstanding the voluminous literature devoted to research genres, more investigation needs to be conducted to demonstrate the pedagogical significance of studying linguistic features in relation to communicative functions. Motivated by a concern for the pedagogical applicability of genre analysis, this paper investigates the extent to which…

Lim, Jason Miin Hwa

2006-01-01

260

Stem Cell Research: A Target Article Collection Part III - Determining Moral Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, I review some of the background thinking concerning matters of moral status that I had developed in previous years and that I would now bring to the work of the Human Embryo Research Panel. Two ideas were at the forefront of my thinking. First, that biology usually offers not decisive \\

Ronald M. Green

2002-01-01

261

From Dissertation to Publication: Converting Doctoral Research into a Peer-Reviewed Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Journal of Applied Research in the Community College" (JARCC) actively seeks scholarly submissions on community colleges that originate from doctoral dissertations. Understanding the scope and complexity of community and junior colleges nationally requires multiple vantage points. Newly minted doctorates and doctoral candidates can provide a…

Rodriquez-Kiino, Diane

2012-01-01

262

Research in the Middle Schools: Emerging from Its Own Awkward Adolescence (Focus on Research).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the development of research on the middle schools from its contemporary beginnings to the early 1990s. Points out some of the reasons why little research was done initially. Describes events that reflect an increased interest in middle school research. (RS)|

Milgram, Joel I.

1994-01-01

263

Focus Groups: A Qualitative Method Complementing Quantitative Research for Studying Culturally Diverse Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: Focus groups are becoming an important method for conduct- ing qualitative research in health care. This strategy enables information to be gathered on the perceptions, beliefs, and values of a group's participants and is particularly well suited to addressing cultural characteristics that impact on a population's health status. As nations become more culturally diverse, qualitative research will likely play

JOSELUIS CALDERON; RICHARD S. BAKER; KENNETH E. WOLF

2000-01-01

264

Review of service delivery and organisational research focused on prisoners with mental disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a structured review of the service development and organisational (SDO) research literature focused on prisoners with mental disorders. A large number of databases were searched, using a combined free-text and thesaurus approach. Papers were included if they had been published since 1983, were written in English, and contained research findings. Commentaries or descriptions of local service innovation

Charlie Brooker; Julie Repper; Coral Sirdifield; Dina Gojkovic

2009-01-01

265

Ecosystem Services: Priority strategic focus for U.S. EPAâ??s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPAâ??s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

266

Ecosystem Services: New strategic focus for US EPAâ??s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPAâ??s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

267

Ecosystem Services: Developing strategic focus for U.S. EPAâ??s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPAâ??s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Services Research Program (ESRP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vit...

268

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AS A NEW STRATEGIC FOCUS FOR USEPA'S ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA's Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its ecological research program (ERP). Recognizing that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality and ov...

269

Ontology-based modelling of related work sections in research articles: using CRFs for developing semantic data based information retrieval systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research articles are an important form of scientific communication. However, currently there are hardly any systems which exploit the content of research articles for information retrieval. The paper describes our work carried out in developing ontology-based information retrieval system using information extracted about sentences in research articles. We present results of a supervised learning mechanism using conditional random fields for

M. A. Angrosh; Stephen Cranefield; Nigel Stanger

2010-01-01

270

RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

271

REVIEW ARTICLE The Use of Racial, Ethnic, and Ancestral Categories in Human Genetics Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda The global dispersal of anatomically modern humans over the past 100,000 years has produced patterns of phe­ notypic variation that have exerted—and continue to exert—powerful influences on the lives of individuals and the experiences of groups. The recency of our common ancestry and continued gene flow among populations have resulted in less genetic differentiation

Steve Olson; Kate Berg; Vence Bonham; Larry Brody; Lisa Brooks; Francis Collins; Alan Guttmacher; Jean McEwen; Max Muenke; Vivian Ota Wang; Laura Lyman Rodriguez

2005-01-01

272

Original Research Article Maternal Height and Child Mortality in 42 Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research reports mixed results about the association between maternal height and child mor- tality. Some studies suggest that the negative association might be stronger in contexts with fewer resources. This hy- pothesis has yet not been tested in a cross-nationally comparative design. We use data on 307,223 children born to 194,835 women in 444 districts of 42 developing countries

CHRISTIAAN W. S. MONDEN; JEROEN SMITS

273

Whither cognitive bias modification research? Commentary on the special section articles.  

PubMed

This commentary reviews key theoretical, methodological, and clinical issues raised by recent research on cognitive bias modification (CBM). The authors identify the major ways in which the new work reported within this special section extends earlier CBM research. In particular, they note that it considers a wider range of participants, includes a greater diversity of symptoms measures, and targets for change a broader array of processing biases than previously has been the case. Furthermore, they point out that the present work develops and employs a more diverse arsenal of bias modification procedures, in some cases delivered across extended periods of time within naturalistic settings. They also draw attention to methodological limitations associated with the current studies, offering recommendations concerning how future CBM research might profitably build upon these exciting new directions while overcoming such limitations. Finally, they evaluate the theoretical and applied implications of the reported findings, discussing their capacity to illuminate the causal contributions made by cognitive bias to emotional vulnerability and their promise concerning the potential therapeutic value of CBM as a clinical tool. PMID:19222317

MacLeod, Colin; Koster, Ernst H W; Fox, Elaine

2009-02-01

274

Focus on Basics, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Together, these four newsletters contain 36 articles devoted to adult literacy research and practice and the relationship between them. The following articles are included: "A Productive Partnership" (Richard J. Murnane, Bob Bickerton); "Welcome to 'Focus on Basics'" (Barbara Garner); "Applying Research on the Last Frontier" (Karen Backlund, Kathy…

Focus on Basics, 1997

1997-01-01

275

Cooperative research at MCC; A focus on semiconductor-related efforts  

SciTech Connect

The Microelectronics and Computer Techology Corporation (MCC) is a cooperative research venture owned by U.S. corporations. MCC's mission is to accelerate the creation, delivery, and commercialization of advanced microelectronic and computer technology by providing participants with timely and competitive research results. This paper presents the unique history, operation, and research and technology transfer activities of the collaborative venture. The review of MCC's five research efforts focuses primarily on the computer-aided design, packaging/interconnect, and high-temperature superconductor programs. Selected research results are presented, and shareholder use of MCC technology in internal processes, as well as products, is discussed. Concluding remarks summarize MCC's accomplishments and continuing challenges.

Dove, G.A. (Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corp., Austin, TX (US))

1989-09-01

276

Citation frequency: A biased measure of research impact significantly influenced by the geographical origin of research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context. The use of citation frequency and impact factor as measures of research quality and journal prestige is being criticized.\\u000a Citation frequency is augmented by self-citation and for most journals the majority of citations originate from a minority\\u000a of papers. We hypothesized that citation frequency is also associated with the geographical origin of the research publication.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objective. We determined whether

Gerard Pasterkamp; Joris I. Rotmans; Dominique V. P. De Kleijn; Cornelius Borst

2007-01-01

277

The First-Year Research Experience: Miami University's Scholastic Enhancement Program - Undergraduate Research Option Focus CUR  

Microsoft Academic Search

In fall 2005, as part of its existing Scholastic Enhancement Program (SEP), Miami University kicked off the Undergraduate Research Option (URO), loosely modeled after the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Programs (UROP) at the University of Michigan and the University of Wisconsin. The Scholastic Enhancement Program is an admissions program that conditionally admits students whose high-school records and backgrounds suggest that, with

Roger Bechtel

2008-01-01

278

Focus on Cultural Issues in Research: Developing and Implementing Native American Postcolonial Participatory Action Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indian country presents even the most seasoned and careful researcher with numerous methodological issues. Two of the most salient of these are appropriate understanding of postcolonial stress in tribal communities, and the use of participatory action research methods and models in a culturally sensitive manner. This paper explains postcolonial…

Stone, Joseph B.

279

Focus on Cultural Issues in Research: Developing and Implementing Native American Postcolonial Participatory Action Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Indian country presents even the most seasoned and careful researcher with numerous methodological issues. Two of the most salient of these are appropriate understanding of postcolonial stress in tribal communities, and the use of participatory action research methods and models in a culturally sensitive manner. This paper explains postcolonial…

Stone, Joseph B.

280

Stem cell research: a target article collection: Part III--determining moral status.  

PubMed

In this chapter, I review some of the background thinking concerning matters of moral status that I had developed in previous years and that I would now bring to the work of the Human Embryo Research Panel. Two ideas were at the forefront of my thinking. First, that biology usually offers not decisive "events" but only continuous processes of development. Second, in making status determinations we do not so much "identify" a point on a developmental continuum where moral respect should be accorded as "choose" that point. These choices are "balancing decisions" in which the community of moral agents weighs its interests in protecting an entity against the burdens of doing so. After illustrating these two contentions, I consider some of the reasons why thinkers on the "right" and "left" of our bioethics debates have resisted or missed this basic insight. PMID:12085936

Green, Ronald M

2002-01-01

281

Bridging the Gap Between Family-Focused Research and Substance Abuse Prevention Practice: Preface  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the contributions of this special section on connecting family-focused substance abuse prevention research and practice. Other expert reviews and the meta-analyses discussed in this and the following papers have given us a good idea about what works in this area. They have specified a number of family-focused substance abuse prevention approaches and programs effective in decreasing substance

Karol L. Kumpfer; Shakeh J. Kaftarian

2000-01-01

282

When is It Acceptable to Make Prescriptive Statements in Educational Research Articles? Commentary on the Special Issue Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The commentary considers when it is acceptable to make prescriptive statements in educational research articles. It begins\\u000a with a consensus view, agreeing with the analysis offered by Marley and Levin (Educational Psychology Review, 2011), that\\u000a experimental evidence is necessary. Other forms of evidence are considered (e.g., observational, case-based, qualitative);\\u000a these are described as correlational in nature and considered to be

Steven R. Yussen

2011-01-01

283

Research Focus: Reflections on Science Education Research Presentations at ASE 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The original call for research papers went out in the summer of 2011 and, by September, there were over thirty abstracts returned for review, from many countries including Hong Kong, Nigeria, Poland, Jamaica, Malta, the United States, Japan, Ireland and, of course, Britain. Of the proposals reviewed and accepted, 21 were finally presented at…

McGregor, Deb; Oversby, John; Woodhouse, Fiona

2012-01-01

284

Research Focus: Reflections on Science Education Research Presentations at ASE 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The original call for research papers went out in the summer of 2011 and, by September, there were over thirty abstracts returned for review, from many countries including Hong Kong, Nigeria, Poland, Jamaica, Malta, the United States, Japan, Ireland and, of course, Britain. Of the proposals reviewed and accepted, 21 were finally presented at…

McGregor, Deb; Oversby, John; Woodhouse, Fiona

2012-01-01

285

THE FOCUS AND ROLE OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN GIANT PANDA CONSERVATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ministry of Forestry of the Peoples Republic of China and World Wide Fund for Nature have cooperated since 1980 in an effort to conserve the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in the wild in China. This conservation project has 4 major components: biological research, population survey, management planning, and training. This paper first evaluates the focus and results of the

DONALD G. REID

286

Grounded Theory and Focus Groups: Reconciling Methodologies in Indigenous Australian Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures an ideological moment in time in which I contemplated the methodological approach I was embarking upon. In my search for a more appropriate approach for conducting research with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tertiary students at the University of Queensland, I chose focus groups set within the qualitative process of…

Stewart, Jan

2007-01-01

287

Using Plenary Focus Groups in Information Systems Research: More than a Collection of Interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative techniques for the collection of empirical materials are classically identified as including interviews and observations. However a further technique has more recently emerged known as the group interview or focus group, which may be applicable only to certain types of research situation but is widely overlooked and can add a level of knowledge and richness not available through other

Polly Sobreperez

288

Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Qualitative research explores complex phenomena encountered by clinicians, health care providers, policy makers and consumers. Although partial checklists are available, no consolidated reporting framework exists for any type of qualitative design. Objective. To develop a checklist for explicit and comprehensive reporting of qualitative studies (indepth interviews and focus groups). Methods. We performed a comprehensive search in Cochrane and Campbell

ALLISON TONG; PETER SAINSBURY; JONATHAN CRAIG

2007-01-01

289

Ten Reasons to Still Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing. Research Brief, Publication #2009-10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2002, Child Trends drew on statistics and research findings to produce a report called "Ten Reasons to Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing." That report took note of the steady decline in the nation's teenage pregnancy and childbearing rates, beginning in 1991, while citing multiple reasons to continue to be concerned about teen childbearing.…

Holcombe, Emily; Peterson, Kristen; Manlove, Jennifer; Scarupa, Harriet J., Ed.

2009-01-01

290

America Needs a New National Research and Development Center Focused on Adult Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1991, the U.S. has had a national research and development (R&D) center focused on programs that help adults to improve their language, literacy, and numeracy skills; to acquire a General Educational Development (GED) or other high school certification; and to transition into postsecondary education or training. For the first five years,…

Comings, John

2007-01-01

291

Research focus: Interactional aspects of spoken face-to-face communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have a visionary goal: to learn enough about human face-to-face interaction that we are able to create an artificial conversational partner that is human-like. We take the opportunity here to present four new projects inaugurated in 2010, each adding pieces of the puzzle through a shared research focus: interactional aspects of spoken face-to-face communication.

J. Beskow; J. Edlund; J. Gustafson; M. Heldner; A. Hjalmarsson; D. House

2010-01-01

292

Mainstreaming in Secondary Schools: Focus on Research. OATE-OACTE Monograph Series No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph is intended to draw attention to the necessity for establishing research priorities which focus upon the problems specifically addressing the education of handicapped secondary school youth. Five studies addressing issues in this area are presented: (1) "An Analysis of Curriculum and Grading Formats Used by Regular Secondary…

Reed, Patricia L., Ed.

293

Focus Groups as a Tool for Critical Social Research in Nurse Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the potential of focus groups to address balance of power and empowerment issues in nursing research. Explains the need to involve diverse stakeholders in curriculum development, student evaluation, and appraisals of students' perceptions of their experiences. (Contains 52 references.) (SK)

Kevern, Jennifer; Webb, Christine

2001-01-01

294

Collaborative Action Research to Develop the Use of Solution-Focused Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collaborative action research project involves two educational psychologists (EPs) working with teachers from four primary schools to develop the use of solution-focused approaches. The project illustrates a way in which EPs might make a distinctive contribution to improving outcomes for children and young people. Realist interviews were used…

Simm, Jo; Ingram, Rachel

2008-01-01

295

Research Article A \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

We hypothesized that representations of social interactions in REM and non-REM (NREM) dreams would reflect differing regional brain activation patterns associated with the two sleep states, and that levels of aggressive interactions would be higher in REM than in NREM dreams. One hundred REM, 100 NREM, and 100 wake reports were collected in the home from 8 men and 7

Patrick McNamara; Deirdre McLaren; Dana Smith; Ariel Brown; Robert Stickgold

296

Open Access RESEARCH ARTICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Treatment of complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) is subject to discussion. The purpose of this study was to develop multidisciplinary guidelines for treatment of CRPS-I. Method: A multidisciplinary task force graded literature evaluating treatment effects for CRPS-I according to their strength of evidence, published between 1980 to June 2005. Treatment recommendations based on the literature findings were

Roberto S Perez; Paul E Zollinger; Pieter U Dijkstra; Ilona L Thomassen-Hilgersom; Wouter W Zuurmond

2010-01-01

297

Open Access RESEARCH ARTICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Several unicellular organisms (prokaryotes and protozoa) can live under permanently anoxic conditions. Although a few metazoans can survive temporarily in the absence of oxygen, it is believed that multi-cellular organisms cannot spend their entire life cycle without free oxygen. Deep seas include some of the most extreme ecosystems on Earth, such as the deep hypersaline anoxic basins of the

Roberto Danovaro; Antonio Dell' Anno; Antonio Pusceddu; Cristina Gambi; Iben Heiner; Reinhardt Møbjerg

2010-01-01

298

Vithanage Receives 2009 Natural Hazards Focus Group Award for Graduate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Meththika Vithanage has been awarded the Natural Hazards Focus Group Award for Graduate Research, given annually to recent Ph.D. recipients for outstanding contributions to natural hazards research. Vithanage’s thesis is entitled “Effect of tsunami on coastal aquifers: Field studies and tank experiments.” She was formally presented with the award at the Natural Hazards Focus Group reception during the 2009 AGU Fall Meeting, held 14-18 December in San Francisco, Calif. Vithanage received her B.S. in natural resources from Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka in 2002 and an M.S. in environmental science from the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, in 2005. In 2009, she attained a Ph.D. in hydrogeology under the supervision of Karsten Jensen and Peter Engesgaard in the Department of Geology and Geography at University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Her research interests include groundwater flow modeling, density-dependent flow and solute transport modeling, and water quality analysis.

2010-04-01

299

Are changes to the common rule necessary to address evolving areas of research? A case study focusing on the human microbiome project.  

PubMed

This article examines ways in which research conducted under the Human Microbiome Project, an effort to establish a "reference catalogue" of the micro-organisms present in the human body and determine how changes in those micro-organisms affect health and disease, raise challenging issues for regulation of human subject research. The article focuses on issues related to subject selection and recruitment, group stigma, and informational risks, and explores whether: (1) the Common Rule or proposed changes to the Rule adequately address these issues and (2) the Common Rule is the most appropriate vehicle to provide regulatory oversight and guidance on these topics. PMID:23802897

Hoffmann, Diane E; Fortenberry, J Dennis; Ravel, Jacques

2013-01-01

300

Discovering the research priorities of people with diabetes in a multicultural community: a focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background Usually experts decide on which research is worthwhile, yet it is government policy to involve service users in research. There has been a lack of published research about involving patients from minority ethnic groups and people from deprived areas in setting research agendas. In this study we wanted to hear the voices of patients that are not often heard. Aim To find out the research priorities of people with diabetes from an inner city community and compare these with current expert-led research priorities in diabetes. Design of study A qualitative study using a participatory approach with consumer groups. Setting Primary care within inner city Nottingham, UK. Method Thirty-nine adult patients with diabetes with varying ethnic backgrounds recruited from three general practices. Six focus groups carried out in participants' preferred language, analysed using the constant comparative method. Results Nine main themes equating to research priorities were identified. Within these themes, information and awareness, service delivery and primary prevention of diabetes emerged as the main factors. There were no science-based topics and there was more emphasis on culturally influenced research questions, which differed from recent Department of Health priorities. There were several themes about service delivery, patient self-management and screening and prevention of diabetes that overlapped. Conclusions There is some divergence between expert-led and patient-led agendas in research about diabetes. Patient perspectives have a significant influence on research priorities, and there are likely to be several different patient perspectives.

Brown, Ken; Dyas, Jane; Chahal, Prit; Khalil, Yesmean; Riaz, Perween; Cummings-Jones, Joy

2006-01-01

301

[An analysis of nursing research with a focus on concepts and methods (1961-1990)].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to summarize the trend and status of the nursing research in Korea during the last 30 years. Six hundred seventy three papers published in "The Korea Nurse" and "The Journal of Nurses Academic Society" from 1961 to 1990 were included for retrospective descriptive analysis. The questionnaire developed by Sigma Theta Tau was utilized for data collection. Nursing research in Korea in 1960's can be characterized by simple research methods, lack of team project, and lack of research funding. The nursing concepts used frequently were "person" and "nursing". In 1970's, the research method became more diversified. Also, funding was available from the government (Ministry of Education) and industry. Most often studied nursing concepts in 1970's were "person" and "nursing", but "health" was also important concept. Many papers published in 1980's were utilizing more sophisticated research methods and conceptual frameworks based on nursing theories. Also, the society recognized the importance of nursing research and more fundings were available from non-governmental agencies such as university research centers, industry, universities, and hospitals. These fundings allowed the larger scale nursing research projects which required team research. The important nursing concepts employed in nursing research in 1980's were similar to 1970's. the least investigated concept in last 30 years was "environment". The major improvement in nursing research from 1960's to 1970's is quantitative and from 1970's to 1980's is advancement in research methodology. Also, areas of research interest diversified from clinical practice to nursing education and community health care system. As a result of graduate nursing programs, nursing research in 1980's in Korea showed much improvement in quality and quantity. However, majority of nursing research in 1980's was still carried out by individual master's or doctorate student. Thus, main characteristics of nursing research in Korea during the last 30 years can be summarized as training and education of nurse researchers. Nursing research in 1990's should focus on development and expansion of our own unique knowledge. Included in this paper are strategies and plans for future nursing research. PMID:7953880

Kim, M O

1994-01-01

302

Institutional profile: The Carney Centre for Pharmacogenomics: a New Zealand focus for personalized medicine research.  

PubMed

The integration of genetics and genomics with pharmacology and clinical medicine has enriched our understanding of all of these disciplines and is steadily providing a more complete picture of the etiology, pathophysiology and treatment of disease. To capitalize on this new knowledge requires the ability to evaluate the underlying evidence base and to test the utility of any proposed pharmacogenetic or genomic approaches to personalized medicine, within local or regional healthcare structures. The Carney Centre for Pharmacogenomics is now in its eighth year of operation, and although small by international standards, it has proven to be a valuable focus for research, training and dissemination of such knowledge in New Zealand and beyond. By focusing predominantly on research and training, the center has raised awareness about the value and limitations of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomic approaches. PMID:22676191

Kennedy, Martin A; Joyce, Peter R; Begg, Evan J

2012-06-01

303

Gischig receives 2011 Natural Hazards Focus Group Award for Graduate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Valentin Gischig has been awarded the AGU Natural Hazards Focus Group Award for Graduate Research, given annually to a recent Ph.D. recipient for outstanding contributions to natural hazards research. Gischig's thesis is entitled “Kinematics and failure mechanisms of the Randa rock slope instability (Switzerland).” He presented an invited talk and was formally presented with the award at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting, held 5-9 December in San Francisco, Calif. Gischig received his M.Sc. in geophysics and glaciology at Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, in Switzerland, in 2007. In 2011 he attained a Ph.D. in engineering geology/rock mechanics/landslide analysis under the supervision of Simon Loew, Jeffrey R. Moore, Florian Amann, and Keith F. Evans at ETH Zürich. Gischig is currently conducting postdoctoral research at ETH Zürich. His research interests include landslides, induced seismicity in enhanced geothermal systems, and coupled processes in rock mechanics.

2012-02-01

304

The small-animal radiation research platform (SARRP): dosimetry of a focused lens system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A small animal radiation platform equipped with on-board cone-beam CT and conformal irradiation capabilities is being constructed for translational research. To achieve highly localized dose delivery, an x-ray lens is used to focus the broad beam from a 225 kVp x-ray tube down to a beam with a full width half maximum (FWHM) of approximately 1.5 mm in the energy

Hua Deng; Christopher W. Kennedy; Elwood Armour; Erik Tryggestad; Eric Ford; Todd McNutt; Licai Jiang; John Wong

2007-01-01

305

Development of superconducting and cryogenic technology in the Institute for Technical Physics (ITP) of the Research Center Karlsruhe [review article  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the early 1970s the Institute for Technical Physics of the Research Center Karlsruhe has been involved in the development of superconductivity for research and industrial applications. A broad program with a focus on the superconducting magnet technology was established to include large magnets for nuclear fusion, high-field magnets for nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometers, ore separation and energy storage magnets. Research and development work was performed in collaborative projects with other national as well as international institutions and industry. The success of these projects has been supported by a broad foundation of engineering science in superconductor development, electrical and cryogenic engineering. Several well known test facilities like TOSKA, STAR, HOMER, MTA along with well equipped laboratories for conductor development, materials at cryogenic temperatures, cryogenic high-voltage engineering have made substantial contributions to in-house, national and international projects. A strong cryogenic infrastructure with two refrigerators and sophisticated cooling circuits from about 4.5 K down to 1.8 K assure the reliable operation of these large facilities. Last but not least, cryogenic research, including vacuum pumps for International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, improvements in thermal insulation, cryogenic instrumentation and small on board refrigerators has supported progress in this field. High-temperature superconductivity projects for low AC loss conductors, a 70 kA current lead and a fault current limiter are currently in progress.

Goldacker, W.; Heller, R.; Hofmann, A.; Hornung, F.; Jüngst, K. P.; Lehmann, W.; Mack, A.; Neumann, H.; Nyilas, A.; Obst, B.; Schneider, Th; Ulbricht, A.; Wühl, H.

2002-12-01

306

The Research Article as an Instrument of Active Learning for Teaching about Violence, Sexual Abuse, and Union Formation among Low-Income Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As noted by Goldsmid and Wilson a quarter of a century ago, a "curious gulf" exists between teaching and research in sociology. This article addresses this problem by suggesting ways in which a current research article from the American Sociological Review can be used in courses at three different levels of the undergraduate curriculum. The…

Purvin, Diane M.; Kain, Edward L.

2005-01-01

307

Business Education Index, 2000: Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published during the Year 2000. Volume 61.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document (which is to be the last in its series) indexes business education articles and research studies compiled from a selected list of 38 periodicals published in 2000. Priority is given to journals essential to research and teaching across the broad business education spectrum. Articles are indexed by subject and author. The following…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; Graves, Pat R., Ed.

308

Business Education Index 1995. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published during the Year 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This index lists more than 2,000 business education articles and research studies that were published during 1995 in a selected list of periodicals that have been deemed essential to research and teaching in the broad business education spectrum. Among the subject categories under which articles are indexed are the following: administration and…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; And Others

309

Distributed and grid computing projects with research focus in human health.  

PubMed

Distributed systems and grid computing systems are used to connect several computers to obtain a higher level of performance, in order to solve a problem. During the last decade, projects use the World Wide Web to aggregate individuals' CPU power for research purposes. This paper presents the existing active large scale distributed and grid computing projects with research focus in human health. There have been found and presented 11 active projects with more than 2000 Processing Units (PUs) each. The research focus for most of them is molecular biology and, specifically on understanding or predicting protein structure through simulation, comparing proteins, genomic analysis for disease provoking genes and drug design. Though not in all cases explicitly stated, common target diseases include research to find cure against HIV, dengue, Duchene dystrophy, Parkinson's disease, various types of cancer and influenza. Other diseases include malaria, anthrax, Alzheimer's disease. The need for national initiatives and European Collaboration for larger scale projects is stressed, to raise the awareness of citizens to participate in order to create a culture of internet volunteering altruism. PMID:22491123

Diomidous, Marianna; Zikos, Dimitrios

2012-01-01

310

Science from the periphery: Collaboration, networks and 'Periphery Effects' in the citation of New Zealand Crown Research Institutes articles, 1995-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

While collaboration is associated with higher article citation rates, a body of research has suggested that this is, in part,\\u000a related to the access to a larger social network and the increased visibility of research this entails, rather than simply\\u000a a reflection of greater quality. We examine the role of networks in article citation rates by investigating article publication\\u000a by

Shaun Goldfinch; Tony Dale; Karl DeRouen Jr.

2003-01-01

311

Design guidelines for adapting scientific research articles: An example from an introductory level, interdisciplinary program on soft matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present design guidelines for using Adapted Primary Literature (APL) as part of current interdisciplinary topics to introductory physics students. APL is a text genre that allows students to comprehend a scientific article, while maintaining the core features of the communication among scientists, thus representing an authentic scientific discourse. We describe the adaptation of a research paper by Nobel Laureate Paul Flory on phase equilibrium in polymer-solvent mixtures that was presented to high school students in a project-based unit on soft matter. The adaptation followed two design strategies: a) Making explicit the interplay between the theory and experiment. b) Re-structuring the text to map the theory onto the students' prior knowledge. Specifically, we map the theory of polymer-solvent systems onto a model for binary mixtures of small molecules of equal size that was already studied in class.

Langbeheim, Elon; Safran, Samuel A.; Yerushalmi, Edit

2013-08-02

312

Design guidelines for adapting scientific research articles: An example from an introductory level, interdisciplinary program on soft matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present design guidelines for using Adapted Primary Literature (APL) as part of current interdisciplinary topics to introductory physics students. APL is a text genre that allows students to comprehend a scientific article, while maintaining the core features of the communication among scientists, thus representing an authentic scientific discourse. We describe the adaptation of a research paper by Nobel Laureate Paul Flory on phase equilibrium in polymer-solvent mixtures that was presented to high school students in a project-based unit on soft matter. The adaptation followed two design strategies: a) Making explicit the interplay between the theory and experiment. b) Re-structuring the text to map the theory onto the students' prior knowledge. Specifically, we map the theory of polymer-solvent systems onto a model for binary mixtures of small molecules of equal size that was already studied in class.

Langbeheim, Elon; Safran, Samuel A.; Yerushalmi, Edit

2013-01-01

313

Shifting the focus from quantitative to qualitative exercise characteristics in exercise and cognition research.  

PubMed

In exercise and cognition research, few studies have investigated whether and how the qualitative aspects of physical exercise may impact cognitive performance in the short or long term. This commentary, after recalling the evidence on the "dose-response" relationship, shifts the focus to intersections between different research areas that are proposed to shed light on how qualitative exercise characteristics can be used to obtain cognitive benefits. As concerns the acute exercise area, this commentary highlights the applied relevance of developmental and aging studies investigating the effects of exercise bouts differing in movement task complexity and cognitive demands. As regards the chronic exercise area, potential links to research on cognitive expertise in sport, functional ability in aging, and life skills training during development are discussed. "Gross-motor cognitive training" is proposed as a key concept with relevant implications for intervention strategies in childhood and older adulthood. PMID:23204358

Pesce, Caterina

2012-12-01

314

Comment to the Article by van Arensbergen and van den Besselaar "The Selection of Scientific Talent in the Allocation of Research Grants"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article entitled "The selection of scientific talent in the allocation of research grants" by van Arensbergen and van den Besselaar published in "Higher Education Policy" 25/3 (2012) is based on research that both researchers carried out on behalf of The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. In this comment, we want to address…

Maessen, K. M. H.

2012-01-01

315

ARTICLES: Formation of self-focusing filaments in harmonic generation under conditions of coherent two-photon interaction between optical pulses and resonant media  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theoretical analysis is made of the influence of a transverse inhomogeneity of a plane wave on third harmonic generation under conditions of coherent two-photon interaction with resonant media. It is found that self-focusing filaments are formed in a distance equal to the two-photon absorption length and that the harmonic generation efficiency is enhanced considerably under these conditions. Bibtex entry

I. A. Poluéktov; A. V. Nazarkin

1982-01-01

316

Research article abstracts in applied linguistics and educational technology: a study of linguistic realizations of rhetorical structure and authorial stance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The abstract found at the beginning of most journal articles has increasingly become an essential part of the article. It tends to be the first part of the article to be read and, to some extent, it `sells' the article. Acquiring the skills of writing an abstract is therefore important to novice writers to enter the discourse community of their

Phuong Dzung Pho

2008-01-01

317

The social process of escalation: a promising focus for crisis management research  

PubMed Central

Background This study identifies a promising, new focus for the crisis management research in the health care domain. After reviewing the literature on health care crisis management, there seems to be a knowledge-gap regarding organisational change and adaption, especially when health care situations goes from normal, to non-normal, to pathological and further into a state of emergency or crisis. Discussion Based on studies of escalating situations in obstetric care it is suggested that two theoretical perspectives (contingency theory and the idea of failure as a result of incomplete interaction) tend to simplify the issue of escalation rather than attend to its complexities (including the various power relations among the stakeholders involved). However studying the process of escalation as inherently complex and social allows us to see the definition of a situation as normal or non-normal as an exercise of power in itself, rather than representing a putatively correct response to a particular emergency. Implications The concept of escalation, when treated this way, can help us further the analysis of clinical and institutional acts and competence. It can also turn our attention to some important elements in a class of social phenomenon, crises and emergencies, that so far have not received the attention they deserve. Focusing on organisational choreography, that interplay of potential factors such as power, professional identity, organisational accountability, and experience, is not only a promising focus for future naturalistic research but also for developing more pragmatic strategies that can enhance organisational coordination and response in complex events.

2012-01-01

318

Volume 8, Issue2 (April/June 2005)Articles in the Current Issue:Research ArticleBeyond NIMBYism: towards an integrated framework for understanding public perceptions of wind energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is widely recognised that public acceptability often poses a barrier towards renewable energy development. This article reviews existing research on public perceptions of wind energy, where opposition is typically characterized by the NIMBY (not in my back yard) concept. The objectives of the article are to provide a critical assessment of past research and an integrated, multidimensional framework to guide future work. Six distinct strands of research are identified, summarized and critiqued: public support for switching from conventional energy sources to wind energy; aspects of turbines associated with negative perceptions; the impact of physical proximity to turbines; acceptance over time of wind farms; NIMBYism as an explanation for negative perceptions; and, finally, the impact of local involvement on perceptions. Research across these strands is characterized by opinion poll studies of general beliefs and case studies of perceptions of specific developments. In both cases, research is fragmented and has failed to adequately explain, rather than merely describe, perceptual processes. The article argues for more theoretically informed empirical research, grounded in social science concepts and methods. A multidimensional framework is proposed that goes beyond the NIMBY label and integrates previous findings with social and environmental psychological theory. Copyright

Devine-Wright, Patrick

2005-04-01

319

Jury decision making research: are researchers focusing on the mouse and not the elephant in the room?  

PubMed

The concerns of jury research have extensively focused on subject selection, yet larger issues loom. We argue that observed differences between students and non-students in mock juror studies are inconsistent at best, and that researchers are ignoring the more important issue of jury deliberation. We contend that the lack of information on deliberating jurors and/or juries is a much greater threat to ecological validity and that some of our basic findings and conclusions in the literature today might be different if we had used juries, not non-deliberating jurors, as the unit of measure. Finally, we come full circle in our review and explore whether the debate about college and community samples might be more relevant to deliberating versus non-deliberating jurors. PMID:21351132

Nuñez, Narina; McCrea, Sean M; Culhane, Scott E

2011-02-23

320

Article Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will find ONE article for EACH category that shows how geography would help us add additional knowledge about the topic of the article (3 Articles total) 1. Local, within the state of Utah 2. National, within the United States (outside of Utah) 3. World Step One: Go to the following websites to find your articles. Standard Examiner (Local) KSL (Local) Fox (National and Local) CNN (National and World) Step Two: ...

Talbot, Ms.

2011-06-10

321

Some Nuances in Intersubjective Attachment Systems: Discussion of Shelley Doctors' Article, “Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological and Intersubjective Clinical Work”  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I discuss Doctors's (2006) inclusive model presented in her paper, “Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological\\/Intersubjective Clinical Work.” I distinguish between linear stabilities of patterning emphasized by many attachment researchers and nonlinear properties of dyadic systems emphasized by relational and intersubjective systems, self–psychologists, and infant researchers, noting that Doctors brings both sensibilities into

Judith Pickles

2008-01-01

322

Land Use and Climate Impacts on Fluvial Systems (LUCIFS): A PAGES - Focus 4 (PHAROS) research activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

LUCIFS is a global research program which is concerned with understanding past interactions between climate, human activity and fluvial systems. Its focus is on evaluating the geomorphic impact of humans on landscapes, with a strong emphasis on geomorphological and sedimentological perspectives on mid- to long-term man-landscape interactions. Of particular relevance are aspects of sediment redistribution systems such as non-linear behaviour, the role of system configuration, scale effects, and emergent properties Over the last decade the LUCIFS program has been investigating both contemporary and long-term river response to global change with the principal aims of i)quantifying land use and climate change impacts of river-borne fluxes of water, sediment, C, N and P; ii) identification of key controls on these fluxes at the catchment scale; and iii) identification of the feedback on both human society and biogeochemical cycles of long-term changes in the fluxes of these materials The major scientific tasks of the LUCIFS-program are: • synthesising results of regional case studies • identify regional gaps and encouraging new case studies • addressing research gaps and formulating new research questions • organising workshops and conferences In this paper we present the LUCIFS program within the new PAGES structure. LUCIFS is located in the Focus 4 (PHAROS) dealing with how a knowledge of human-climate-ecosystem interactions in the past can help inform understanding and management today. In conjunction with the other working groups HITE (Human Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems), LIMPACS (Human Impacts on Lake Ecosystems) and IHOPE (Integrated History of People on Earth) PHAROS aims to compare regional-scale reconstructions of environmental and climatic processes using natural archives, documentary and instrumental data, with evidence of past human activity obtained from historical, paleoecological and archaeological records.

Dearing, John; Hoffmann, Thomas

2010-05-01

323

Research on advertising in Asia: a critical analysis of the articles published in major advertising and communication journals, 1990–2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study content-analyzed scholarly articles on advertising in Asia published in four major journals in advertising and communication from 1990 to 2009. Findings included trends in research output, countries\\/territories studied, and media covered. Topical, theoretical, and methodological trends in those articles were also identified. Comparisons between the articles published in the 1990s and 2000s were made. Findings and their implications

Hong Cheng; Kwangmi Ko Kim

2010-01-01

324

The Business Education Index 1996. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published during the Year 1996. Volume 57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This index, which was compiled from a selected list of 45 periodicals published in 1996, lists more than 2,000 business education articles and research studies. Articles are listed under the following subject categories and subcategories: basic business (accounting, consumer awareness, economics, entrepreneurship/small business, finance…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; Graves, Pat R., Ed.

325

The Principle of Caveat Emptor: Confidentiality and Informed Consent as Endemic Ethical Dilemmas in Focus Group Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informed consent and confidentiality supposedly minimize harm for research participants in all qualitative research methodologies,\\u000a inclusive of one-on-one unstructured interviews and focus groups. This is not the case for the latter. Confidentiality and\\u000a informed consent uniquely manifest themselves as endemic ethical dilemmas for focus group researchers. The principle of caveat\\u000a emptor (let the buyer beware) may be a more useful

Martin Tolich

2009-01-01

326

A review of social host policies focused on underage drinking parties: suggestions for future research.  

PubMed

Underage drinking continues to be a public health concern, partially due to the ease in which adolescents obtain alcohol and consume it in private locations. States and municipalities have implemented strategies to counteract this, including adopting public policies called social host policies, despite limited evidence of effectiveness. Traditionally, these laws have held adults accountable for furnishing alcohol to underage drinkers. However, states and communities are using another policy, also called social host, to deter underage drinking parties where easy access to alcohol and high-risk use occurs. These innovative laws hold individuals who control the property accountable for underage drinking that occurs there, regardless of alcohol source. We conducted a critical analysis of social host policies focused on hosting underage drinking parties and constructed a conceptual model to understand their targeted factors. Future research recommendations are discussed. PMID:22873016

Wagoner, Kimberly G; Francisco, Vincent T; Sparks, Michael; Wyrick, David; Nichols, Tracy; Wolfson, Mark

2012-01-01

327

Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA)to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

Harmon, Harry D.

2000-05-15

328

Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

Harmon, Harry D.

2000-11-30

329

Articles Published in Four School Psychology Journals from 2000 to 2005: An Analysis of Experimental/Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using an experimenter-developed system, articles from four school psychology journals for the years 2000-2005 (n = 929) were classified. Results showed that 40% of the articles were narrative, 29% correlational, 16% descriptive, 8% causal-experimental, 4% causal-comparative, and 2% were meta-analytic. Further analysis of the causal-experimental…

Bliss, Stacy L.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Hautau, Briana; Carroll, Erin E.

2008-01-01

330

Substantial health and economic returns from delayed aging may warrant a new focus for medical research.  

PubMed

Recent scientific advances suggest that slowing the aging process (senescence) is now a realistic goal. Yet most medical research remains focused on combating individual diseases. Using the Future Elderly Model-a microsimulation of the future health and spending of older Americans-we compared optimistic "disease specific" scenarios with a hypothetical "delayed aging" scenario in terms of the scenarios' impact on longevity, disability, and major entitlement program costs. Delayed aging could increase life expectancy by an additional 2.2 years, most of which would be spent in good health. The economic value of delayed aging is estimated to be $7.1 trillion over fifty years. In contrast, addressing heart disease and cancer separately would yield diminishing improvements in health and longevity by 2060-mainly due to competing risks. Delayed aging would greatly increase entitlement outlays, especially for Social Security. However, these changes could be offset by increasing the Medicare eligibility age and the normal retirement age for Social Security. Overall, greater investment in research to delay aging appears to be a highly efficient way to forestall disease, extend healthy life, and improve public health. PMID:24101058

Goldman, Dana P; Cutler, David; Rowe, John W; Michaud, Pierre-Carl; Sullivan, Jeffrey; Peneva, Desi; Olshansky, S Jay

2013-10-01

331

Field-based, research-focused experiential learning in undergraduate geoscience and physical geography classes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field-based experiential learning in undergraduate courses in geosciences or physical geography is essential for cementing theoretical understanding through observation, illustrating the complexity of natural systems, understanding uncertainty in observational records and providing students with tools to teach themselves beyond the instructor and the classroom. In addition, it helps stimulate interest in pursuing graduate studies and associated research in many important bio-geophysical topics. There is a real challenge to provide this type of learning opportunity to large numbers of students and to students currently under-represented in the geosciences. The learning experience in this case was focused around experimental deployment of a sophisticated atmospheric profiling system over a weekend field trip involving 50 students from three classes in two campuses; San Francisco State University and San Jose State University. Students were involved in experimental design, instrument calibration and field deployment, manual measurements and data analysis phases of field-based experimental research. The results of student work is presented as well as specific student responses to the field experience that highlight the pedagogical values provided as well as challenges to improve the learning opportunity.

Oliphant, A. J.; Ackerman, A.; Flynn, M.; Mclain, J.; Moller, C.; Clements, C. B.

2011-12-01

332

A response to an article published in Educational Research's Special Issue on Assessment (June 2009). What can be inferred about classification accuracy from classification consistency?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:?A recent article published in Educational Research on the reliability of results in National Curriculum testing in England (Newton, The reliability of results from national curriculum testing in England, Educational Research 51, no. 2: 181–212, 2009) suggested that: (1) classification accuracy can be calculated from classification consistency; and (2) classification accuracy on a single test administration is higher than classification

Tom Bramley

2010-01-01

333

Coal article  

SciTech Connect

Coal is restructured by extrusion into a tube like article that has a hollow core, which may contain igniter material to facilitate ignition of the coal. The hollow core and possibly other deformities, such as ribs, flutes or the like in the inner or outer walls of the tube-like article and/or slotted, circular or like openings through the tube wall artifically create an environment that enhances the burning characteristics in a relatively open or uncontrolled environment that is ordinarily hostile to the burning of coal. The article may be burned according to a novel process that creates coke.

Christian, M.W.

1981-01-06

334

Using Focus Groups to Develop Health Surveys: An Example from Research on Social Relationships and AIDS-Preventive Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus group data can inform the choice of words or phrases in a questionnaire, the construction of items to measure a given concept, the formation of new hypotheses, and the development of survey procedures. To date, few examples exist to show researchers in health behavior and health education how they might use focus groups for these purposes. This paper provides

Kerth OBrien

1993-01-01

335

Sex and gender traps and springboards: a focus group study among gender researchers in medicine and health sciences.  

PubMed

We explored the difficulties that gender researchers encounter in their research and the strategies they use for solving these problems. Sixteen Swedish researchers, all women, took part in focus group discussions; the data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The problems reported fell into four main categories: the ambiguity of the concepts of sex and gender; traps associated with dichotomization; difficulties with communication; and issues around publication. Categories of suggested problem-solving strategies were adaptation, pragmatism, addressing the complexities, and definition of terms. Here the specific views of gender researchers in medicine and health sciences-"medical insiders"-bring new challenges into focus. PMID:22827730

Christianson, Monica; Alex, Lena; Wiklund, Anncristine Fjellman; Hammarström, Anne; Lundman, Berit

2012-01-01

336

Key challenges and ways forward in researching the “good death”: qualitative in-depth interview and focus group study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To understand key challenges in researching end of life issues and identify ways of overcoming these.Design Qualitative study involving in-depth interviews with researchers and focus groups with people affected by cancer.Participants An international sample of 32 researchers; seven patients with experience of cancer; and four carers in south east Scotland.Results Researchers highlighted the difficulty of defining the end of

Marilyn Kendall; Fiona Harris; Kirsty Boyd; Aziz Sheikh; Scott A Murray; Duncan Brown; Ian Mallinson; Nora Kearney; Allison Worth

2007-01-01

337

Academic Research Journals in Medical Sociology, Medical Anthropology, and Contemporary Social Medicine: A Focus on Public and Global Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bibliography of 31 academic journals in medical sociology, medical anthropology, and contemporary social medicine with a focus on public and global health is provided. Along with basic identifying information, the bibliometric measures of Eigenfactor, Article Influence Score, SCImago Journal Rank, and H-index have been specified for each journal when available. Brief annotations along with both Library of Congress and

Spencer Acadia

2012-01-01

338

Establishing a Family Literacy Program with a Focus on Interactive Reading: The Role of Research and Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family literacy programs abound today, and many try to be all things to all participating families. Funding has eroded for programs of long length and shorter length programs need a specific focus to aim for a modicum of success. This article provides an overview of the importance of interactive reading for children's future success in school,…

DeBruin-Parecki, Andrea

2009-01-01

339

Opening up learning theory to social theory in research on sport and physical education through a focus on practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Research on pedagogy in physical education and sport has increasingly been informed by contemporary learning theory with the socio-cultural perspective being prominent. Over a similar period research on the social dimensions of physical education and youth sport has drawn on a range of social theory yet there has been little systematic integration of them. Purpose: This article identifies the

Richard Lawrence Light

2011-01-01

340

Focus on the research utility of intravascular ultrasound - comparison with other invasive modalities  

PubMed Central

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is an invasive modality which provides cross-sectional images of a coronary artery. In these images both the lumen and outer vessel wall can be identified and accurate estimations of their dimensions and of the plaque burden can be obtained. In addition, further processing of the IVUS backscatter signal helps in the characterization of the type of the plaque and thus it has been used to study the natural history of the atherosclerotic evolution. On the other hand its indigenous limitations do not allow IVUS to assess accurately stent struts coverage, existence of thrombus or exact site of plaque rupture and to identify some of the features associated with increased plaque vulnerability. In order this information to be obtained, other modalities such as optical coherence tomography, angioscopy, near infrared spectroscopy and intravascular magnetic resonance imaging have either been utilized or are under evaluation. The aim of this review article is to present the current utilities of IVUS in research and to discuss its advantages and disadvantages over the other imaging techniques.

2011-01-01

341

No Easy Rider? "The Scholar and the Future of the Research Library" by Fremont Rider: A Review Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fremont Rider's 1944 book, "The Scholar and the Future of the Research Library", had a major impact on research library thinking. The issues raised by Rider, such as research library economics, collection, acquisition and management policies, and library cooperation still resonate today, although his technology solutions have long since been…

Steele, Colin

2005-01-01

342

The structure of educational research: The role of multivocality in promoting cohesion in an article interlock network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers interested in the social and intellectual features of scholarly knowledge have emphasized the importance of small-scale, informally organized groups of people interested in the same or closely related research problems. The structure of these social networks, in large part, influences the way which research problems are identified, studied and transformed into policy. Building on popular concerns about the state

Brian V. Carolan

2008-01-01

343

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH (EPA/640/K-95/004)  

EPA Science Inventory

This brochure describes the mechanisms of and problems associated with stratospheric ozone depletion as well as some of the Office of Research and Development's (ORD) associated research projects. The Office of Research and Development has pursued a multifaceted research program ...

344

What Does Research Say about the Ideal Condition for Students Learning Mathematics?--A "Baker's Dozen" Articles to Inform Secondary Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In seeking to align the everyday decision-making and lesson delivery of secondary teachers to current research in mathematics education, this piece provides an application of theory into classroom practice. By focusing on a sample of 13 quantitative and qualitative research studies of pedagogical best practice published since 2000, a set of…

Jones, Karrie A.; Vermette, Paul J.; Jones, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

345

Diversity in Statistical Research Techniques: An Analysis of Refereed Research Articles in the Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing Between 1992 and 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of a study that analyzes the statistical methods used in articles published in the Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing (JTTM) in the period 1992–2010. A content analysis of 462 articles identified 68 different statistical methods, grouped into 17 categories. Factor analysis and ANOVA\\/MANOVA were the most commonly used methods, following descriptive statistics. There was

Hee “Andy” Lee; Rob Law

2012-01-01

346

Young Children. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on educational, cognitive, and brain research with implications for early childhood educators, including those who work with limited-English-proficient, minority, and economically disadvantaged children. "Coming to Grips with Reading Instruction at the Early Grades" (Christie L. Goodman) reports…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

347

Focus on Dark Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This `Focus on Dark Matter' cluster of articles is the very first in a series of featured topics to appear in New Journal of Physics that will be of great interest to the physics community. The idea is to bring together contributions from leading researchers in topical fields to provide insights into the key issues for both experts and non-specialists

Klaus Pretzl

2000-01-01

348

A Decision Support System for Institutional Research Management in Higher Education: Data Mining to Determine Research Focus, Intensity and Synergy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research orientated universities face a conundrum. On the one hand research areas are increasing and expanding; on the other research resources are - in relative terms - diminishing. As a consequence a more active approach to shaping the institutional research profile is called for. This presupposes a clear view of research activities at the institution, but this is notoriously lacking,

Kobus Ehlers; Malan Joubert; Johann Kinghorn; Arnold Van Zyl

2009-01-01

349

Current trends of Internet Addiction Disorder research: a review of 2000–2008 Korean academic journal articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviewed various Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) studies in Korea. The study showed that the symptoms of IAD have been reported by many Korean scholars, but the current Korean literature shows that IAD has yet to have a universally accepted theoretical framework. Internet addictions have been studied in various disciplines, and a multimodal approach that uses a combination of

Mann Hyung Hur

2012-01-01

350

Public Trust In Higher Education and A Media Review Of Press Articles In California. Research & Occasional Paper Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this report is to better determine the level of general public trust in public higher education and the content of published articles in the press that may influence and reflect public confidence. By conducting a six-month media scan of four California newspapers, an overview is provided of the key concerns and issues facing higher…

Fox, Warren H.; Earl-Novell, Sarah L.

2004-01-01

351

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Focused Overview for Children's Environmental Health Researchers  

PubMed Central

Objectives Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequently diagnosed childhood neurobehavioral disorder. Much research has been done to identify genetic, environmental, and social risk factors for ADHD; however, we are still far from fully understanding its etiology. In this review we provide an overview of diagnostic criteria for ADHD and what is known about its biological basis. We also review the neuropsychological functions that are affected in ADHD. The goal is to familiarize the reader with the behavioral deficits that are hallmarks of ADHD and to facilitate comparisons with neurobehavioral deficits associated with environmental chemical exposures. Data sources Relevant literature on ADHD is reviewed, focusing in particular on meta-analyses conducted between 2004 and the present that evaluated associations between measures of neuropsychological function and ADHD in children. Meta-analyses were obtained through searches of the PubMed electronic database using the terms “ADHD,” “meta-analysis,” “attention,” “executive,” and “neuropsychological functions.” Although meta-analyses are emphasized, nonquantitative reviews are included for particular neuropsychological functions where no meta-analyses were available. Data synthesis The meta-analyses indicate that vigilance (sustained attention), response inhibition, and working memory are impaired in children diagnosed with ADHD. Similar but somewhat less consistent meta-analytic findings have been reported for impairments in alertness, cognitive flexibility, and planning. Additionally, the literature suggests deficits in temporal information processing and altered responses to reinforcement in children diagnosed with ADHD. Findings from brain imagining and neurochemistry studies support the behavioral findings. Conclusions Behavioral, neuroanatomical, and neurochemical data indicate substantial differences in attention and executive functions between children diagnosed with ADHD and non-ADHD controls. Comparisons of the neurobehavioral deficits associated with ADHD and those associated with exposures to environmental chemicals may help to identify possible environmental risk factors for ADHD and/or reveal common underlying biological mechanisms.

Aguiar, Andrea; Eubig, Paul A.; Schantz, Susan L.

2010-01-01

352

Line focus solar thermal central receiver research study. Final report, April 30, 1977March 30, 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a study to examine the line focus central receiver alternative for solar thermal generation of electric power on a commercial scale are presented. The baseline concept consists of the following elements: (1) a solar collector (heliostat) whose geometry is the equivalent of a focused parabolic cylinder. The heliostat reflecting surface is composed of an array of flexible

D. G. Di Canio; W. J. Treytl; F. A. Jur; C. D. Watson

1979-01-01

353

Adolescent Girls' Assessment and Management of Sexual Risks: Insights from Focus Group Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We conducted focus groups with girls ages 14 to 17 (N = 43) to study how the dominant discourse of sexual risk shapes young women's understanding of the sexual domain and their management of these presumably pervasive threats. Through inductive analysis, we developed a coding scheme focused on three themes: (a) "types of sexual risk," (b)…

Bay-Cheng, Laina Y.; Livingston, Jennifer A.; Fava, Nicole M.

2011-01-01

354

On-line focus groups: conceptual issues and a research tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the potential effects of computer technology on the traditional structure and functioning of focus groups. On-line focus groups are purported to be cost-effective, enable the inclusion of dispersed participants, and result in broad and honest responses on the part of participants as a result of system anonymity. However, many of these claims have not been carefully examined. It is

Mitzi M. Montoya-Weiss; Anne P. Massey; Danial L. Clapper

1998-01-01

355

Views of Academic and Community Partners Regarding Participant Protections and Research Integrity: A Pilot Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

When community partners have direct interaction with human research participants, it is important to consider potential threats to participant protections and research integrity. Few studies have directly compared the views of academic and community partners. This pilot focus group study explores the views of academic partners (APs) and community partners (CPs) regarding challenges to the protection of research participants and research integrity in community-engaged research (CEnR). Data are analyzed to understand how APs and CPs define and think about ethical problems and how meaning and analysis may differ between the two groups. Findings have implications for the development of research ethics training materials for academic-community research partnerships and IRBs; best practices for CEnR; and future research on ethical issues in CEnR.

Anderson, Emily E.

2013-01-01

356

Provision of Research Support Services to ODL Learners by Tutors: A Focus on the Zimbabwe Open University's Bachelor of Education (Educational Management) Research Students' Supervision Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examined the ODL learners' perceptions of the quality of provision of research support services to the ODL learners by tutors. It focused on the Zimbabwe Open University's (ZOU) Bachelor of Education (Educational Management) research students' experiences. It was a qualitative multiple case study of four of the 10 Regional Centres of…

Mapolisa, Tichaona

2012-01-01

357

Assessment in Action: Collaborative Action Research Focused on Mathematics and Science Assessments. Reports of Twenty-Three Teacher-Research Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The works reported in this book represent a second phase to a 2-day summer conference that focused on assessment in mathematics and science classrooms. This book presents research and findings of a subset of the conference participants who investigated a self-selected aspect of assessment in their educational environments. Action research was the…

Dearn, Ceri; And Others

358

Principles for defining adverse events in behavioral intervention research: lessons from a family-focused adolescent drug abuse trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Behavioral intervention research has lagged behind biomedical research in developing principles for defining, categorizing, identifying, reporting, and monitoring adverse events and unanticipated problems.Purpose In this article we present a set of principles for defining adverse events and how they were applied in a large national multi-site family therapy study for substance-using adolescents, The Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFTTM) Effectiveness

Viviana E Horigian; Michael S Robbins; Roberto Dominguez; Jessica Ucha; Carmen L Rosa

2010-01-01

359

Practice-Education Synergy: A Research Focus on Continuity of Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one focus of an ongoing partnership between a Veterans Health Administration medical center and a university-based school of nursing: to improve patient outcomes through patient-centered continuity of care. (Author)

Lee, Jan L.; Dean, Hannah

1995-01-01

360

Health effects research and regulation of diesel exhaust: an historical overview focused on lung cancer risk.  

PubMed

The mutagenicity of organic solvent extracts from diesel exhaust particulate (DEP), first noted more than 55 years ago, initiated an avalanche of diesel exhaust (DE) health effects research that now totals more than 6000 published studies. Despite an extensive body of results, scientific debate continues regarding the nature of the lung cancer risk posed by inhalation of occupational and environmental DE, with much of the debate focused on DEP. Decades of scientific scrutiny and increasingly stringent regulation have resulted in major advances in diesel engine technologies. The changed particulate matter (PM) emissions in "New Technology Diesel Exhaust (NTDE)" from today's modern low-emission, advanced-technology on-road heavy-duty diesel engines now resemble the PM emissions in contemporary gasoline engine exhaust (GEE) and compressed natural gas engine exhaust more than those in the "traditional diesel exhaust" (TDE) characteristic of older diesel engines. Even with the continued publication of epidemiologic analyses of TDE-exposed populations, this database remains characterized by findings of small increased lung cancer risks and inconsistent evidence of exposure-response trends, both within occupational cohorts and across occupational groups considered to have markedly different exposures (e.g. truckers versus railroad shopworkers versus underground miners). The recently published National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologic studies of miners provide some of the strongest findings to date regarding a DE-lung cancer association, but some inconsistent exposure-response findings and possible effects of bias and exposure misclassification raise questions regarding their interpretation. Laboratory animal studies are negative for lung tumors in all species, except for rats under lifetime TDE-exposure conditions with durations and concentrations that lead to "lung overload." The species specificity of the rat lung response to overload, and its occurrence with other particle types, is now well-understood. It is thus generally accepted that the rat bioassay for inhaled particles under conditions of lung overload is not predictive of human lung cancer hazard. Overall, despite an abundance of epidemiologic and experimental data, there remain questions as to whether TDE exposure causes increased lung cancers in humans. An abundance of emissions characterization data, as well as preliminary toxicological data, support NTDE as being toxicologically distinct from TDE. Currently, neither epidemiologic data nor animal bioassay data yet exist that directly bear on NTDE carcinogenic potential. A chronic bioassay of NTDE currently in progress will provide data on whether NTDE poses a carcinogenic hazard, but based on the significant reductions in PM mass emissions and the major changes in PM composition, it has been hypothesized that NTDE has a low carcinogenic potential. When the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reevaluates DE (along with GEE and nitroarenes) in June 2012, it will be the first authoritative body to assess DE carcinogenic health hazards since the emergence of NTDE and the accumulation of data differentiating NTDE from TDE. PMID:22663144

Hesterberg, Thomas W; Long, Christopher M; Bunn, William B; Lapin, Charles A; McClellan, Roger O; Valberg, Peter A

2012-06-04

361

Health effects research and regulation of diesel exhaust: an historical overview focused on lung cancer risk  

PubMed Central

The mutagenicity of organic solvent extracts from diesel exhaust particulate (DEP), first noted more than 55 years ago, initiated an avalanche of diesel exhaust (DE) health effects research that now totals more than 6000 published studies. Despite an extensive body of results, scientific debate continues regarding the nature of the lung cancer risk posed by inhalation of occupational and environmental DE, with much of the debate focused on DEP. Decades of scientific scrutiny and increasingly stringent regulation have resulted in major advances in diesel engine technologies. The changed particulate matter (PM) emissions in “New Technology Diesel Exhaust (NTDE)” from today's modern low-emission, advanced-technology on-road heavy-duty diesel engines now resemble the PM emissions in contemporary gasoline engine exhaust (GEE) and compressed natural gas engine exhaust more than those in the “traditional diesel exhaust” (TDE) characteristic of older diesel engines. Even with the continued publication of epidemiologic analyses of TDE-exposed populations, this database remains characterized by findings of small increased lung cancer risks and inconsistent evidence of exposure-response trends, both within occupational cohorts and across occupational groups considered to have markedly different exposures (e.g. truckers versus railroad shopworkers versus underground miners). The recently published National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-National Cancer Institute (NCI) epidemiologic studies of miners provide some of the strongest findings to date regarding a DE-lung cancer association, but some inconsistent exposure-response findings and possible effects of bias and exposure misclassification raise questions regarding their interpretation. Laboratory animal studies are negative for lung tumors in all species, except for rats under lifetime TDE-exposure conditions with durations and concentrations that lead to'lung overload."The species specificity of the rat lung response to overload, and its occurrence with other particle types, is now well-understood. It is thus generally accepted that the rat bioassay for inhaled particles under conditions of lung overload is not predictive of human lung cancer hazard. Overall, despite an abundance of epidemiologic and experimental data, there remain questions as to whether TDE exposure causes increased lung cancers in humans. An abundance of emissions characterization data, as well as preliminary toxicological data, support NTDE as being toxicologically distinct from TDE. Currently, neither epidemiologic data nor animal bioassay data yet exist that directly bear on NTDE carcinogenic potential. A chronic bioassay of NTDE currently in progress will provide data on whether NTDE poses a carcinogenic hazard, but based on the significant reductions in PM mass emissions and the major changes in PM composition, it has been hypothesized that NTDE has a low carcinogenic potential. When the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reevaluates DE (along with GEE and nitroarenes) in June 2012, it will be the first authoritative body to assess DE carcinogenic health hazards since the emergence of NTDE and the accumulation of data differentiating NTDE from TDE.

Hesterberg, Thomas W.; Long, Christopher M.; Bunn, William B.; Lapin, Charles A.; McClellan, Roger O.; Valberg, Peter A.

2012-01-01

362

Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords…

Aharony, Noa

2012-01-01

363

Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords and…

Aharony, Noa

2012-01-01

364

Research Article Another Side of the Story: A Qualitative Case Study of Voting Behaviour in the European Parliament  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study re-examines the conclusions drawn from existing research on legislative behaviour in the European Parliament (EP). Using written questionnaires and qualitative interviews with all 14 current Danish Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) and three former MEPs, existing academic findings on voting behaviour in the EP are compared and contrasted with ground-level experience from the MEPs' point of view.

Maja Kluger Rasmussen

2008-01-01

365

Focused ion beam (FIB)\\/scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in tissue structural research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focused ion beam (FIB) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) are commonly used in material sciences for imaging and analysis\\u000a of materials. Over the last decade, the combined FIB\\/SEM system has proven to be also applicable in the life sciences. We\\u000a have examined the potential of the focused ion beam\\/scanning electron microscope system for the investigation of biological\\u000a tissues of

Vladka Lešer; Marziale Milani; Francesco Tatti; Živa Pipan Tkalec; Jasna Štrus; Damjana Drobne

2010-01-01

366

Critical review of the research literature of seating interventions: a focus on adults with mobility impairments.  

PubMed

An expanding area in rehabilitation practice is the prescription of seating interventions for clients with mobility impairments. The goal of this intervention is to enhance comfort and functional performance. The purpose of this paper is to review the body of knowledge from the research literature concerning the effectiveness or impact of seating interventions for adults who have mobility impairments. In this review both the scope and the gaps in the literature are defined to identify areas for future research. Specifically, this review was undertaken to identify what outcomes have been examined and what methods have been used in carrying out the research studies. A content analysis based on the conceptual framework of the modified International Classification of Impairment, Disability, and Handicap (ICIDH) and review guidelines for evaluating the quality of research studies has been helpful in informing future research design in this area. The results of the 16 studies that comprised this review indicate that the majority of research conducted thus far has numerous methodological limitations, which in turn limits the extent to which this body of research can be drawn upon to provide evidence for effectiveness in seating interventions. There was an emphasis on constructs at the impairment level and inadequate attention to functional and psychosocial issues. Recommendations regarding future research required to support this specific type of intervention are presented. This research review is an important first step in facilitating discussion among researchers, clinicians, research funders, and seating device users regarding future priorities for research and development in this practice area. PMID:14651250

Reid, Denise T

2002-01-01

367

Focus on Basics Connecting Research & Practice: Modes of Delivery, Volume 7, Issue C  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue contains 12 articles on modes of delivery in adult basic education. They include: "Teaching for Communicative Competence" (Donna Moss); "Sustained Silent Reading: A Useful Model" (Susanne Campagna); " A Slow Conversion to Reading Groups" (Susan Watson); "Differentiated Instruction" (Mary Ann Corley); "Differentiating Instruction for a…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 2005

2005-01-01

368

Woodbridge Research Facility Remedial investigation\\/feasibility study: Focused feasibility study for Operable Unit One. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operable Unit One (OU1) at the Woodbridge Research Facility (WRF) has been defined as the area encompassing AREEs 1 through 6B (former dumps) and AREE 7 (former Pistol Range). A Focused Feasibility Study,, has been conducted to identify and screen remedial alternatives for OU1, to address, contaminated groundwater, surface soil, subsurface soil, and sediment detected at AREEs associated with OU1.

P. Thompson; K. Huber; K. Hanson; J. Stowers; M. Ehlers

1997-01-01

369

Focus Group Research in the Development of an Osteoporosis Educational Program Targeting Seniors  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To illustrate the role of focus groups in the development of population specific osteoporosis messages, educational and collateral materials, programs, and events.Osteoporosis, a preventable condition of porous, easily fractured bones, affects over 28 million Americans. While prevalence increases with age, prevention strategies can begin at any point in one's life. For older adults, proper nutrition, physical activity, strength

Annie wilde; Christina Economos; Ruth Palombo

1997-01-01

370

Competencies Needed by Agricultural Communication Undergraduates: An Focus Group Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A focus group study was conducted with agricultural communication program alumni to determine the competencies needed in current graduates. Of the twelve alumni invited to contribute, four participated in the study. The competency receiving the greatest level of importance was the ability to write well. Other competencies included having a familiarity with all types and styles of writing, in particular

A. Christian Morgan

371

ASR Application in Climate Change Adaptation: The Need, Issues and Research Focus  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will focus on four key points: (a) Aquifer storage and recovery: a long-held practice offering a potential tool for climate change adaptation, (b) The drivers: 1) hydrological perturbations related to climate change, 2) water imbalance in both Qand Vbetween wat...

372

Quality assessment of Spanish universities' web sites focused on the European Research Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This work has analyzed and evaluated the dissemination of research done at Spanish universities through the World Wide Web (WWW) in order to obtain a map of the visibility of the information available on this research and to propose measures for improving the quality of this diffusion, all within the social and institutional context of the European Area for

Maria Pinto; José Luis Alonso Berrocal; José Antonio Cordón García; Viviana Fernández Marcial; Carlos García Figuerola; Javier García Marco; Camarero Carmen Gómez; Ángel F. Zazo Rodríguez

2005-01-01

373

From marketing research to competitive intelligence: useful generalization or loss of focus?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of competitive intelligence (as an organizational function) and its evolution out of marketing research are discussed. Besides a straight historical overview, the transition from marketing research to competitive intelligence is analyzed in order to point to both the potential strengths and weaknesses of having intelligence form an independent “freestanding” discipline. While military analogies can be seductive, organizations should

Alf H. Walle

1999-01-01

374

Analysis of the Actual Scientific Inquiries of Physicists I -- Focused on research motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was investigated to understand the in-depth features and processes of physicists' scientific inquiries. At first, research motives were investigated by interviewing six physicists who were prominent worldwide. As a result, three main types - incompleteness, discovery, and conflict - and nine subtypes of research motivation, were identified. Six additional background factors were found which might affect the design

Kyoung-ae Jang

2005-01-01

375

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research. Youth Gang Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes past and current research on female gangs, noting programmatic and research needs. Seven sections include: "Early Reports: A History of Stereotypes"; "Number of Female Gang Members"; "Being in a Gang: The Background" (economic and ethnic forces, family pressure, and sex stereotyping and victimization); "Delinquency and…

Moore, Joan; Hagedorn, John

376

Warranted concerns, warranted outlooks: a focus group study of public understandings of genetic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how the American public accounts for the concerns that they have about genetic research and the benefits that they foresee. We develop a general framework for discussing public claims about genetic technology based on Stephen Toulmin's model of warrants in argumentation. After a review of the results from public opinion polls about genetic research, we present a

Benjamin R. Bates; John A. Lynch; Jennifer L. Bevan; Celeste M. Condit

2005-01-01

377

Sustainability issues for agricultural research strategies in the semi-arid tropics: Focus on the Sahel  

Microsoft Academic Search

To stimulate debate in agricultural research circles, the paper discusses six sets of issues for the design and strategy of agricultural research on sustainability in the semi-arid tropics of Africa, to wit: (i) what production systems to propose in what zones, in particular how and where to intensify; (ii) what measures are needed to conserve the resource base in different

Thomas Reardon

1995-01-01

378

A psychotherapy researcher's perspective on therapist self-awareness and self-focused attention after a decade of research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this Early Career Award paper, the interplay between quantitative and qualitative approaches to self-awareness in the psychotherapy literature is described. In addition, the linkages between therapist self-awareness and self-focused attention discussed in the cognitive and social psychology literatures are also addressed. Contradictory sets of findings are examined; for example, momentary states of therapist self-awareness have at times been associated

Elizabeth Nutt Williams

2008-01-01

379

Environmental Research: STAR Grants Focus on Agency Priorities, but Management Enhancements Are Possible.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Letter; Appendixes: Appendix I: Scope and Methodology; Appendix II: EPA Funding for Environmental Research; Appendix III: STAR Program Requests for Grant Applications by ORD's Priority Topics, Fiscal Years 1995 Through 2000; Appendix IV: Comment...

2000-01-01

380

Research on fast ion- and electron-beams from plasma-focus devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. This paper concerns studies of pulsed ion streams emitted from outlets of plasma-focus (PF) machines. Also presented are investigations of fast electron beams emitted in the upstream direction. Results obtained with different PF facilities of energy ranging from several kJ to about 500 kJ, are summarized. Attention is brought to PF experiments performed at two Polish

M. J. Sadowski

1999-01-01

381

Theoretical and computational research on the focused transport of intense charged particle beams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer calculations were used to investigate the behavior of a periodic solenoidal thin lens focusing system with 90(0) phase advance. Despite strong similarities in the behavior predicted by the linear theory, a 90(0) solenoidal system does not appear to exhibit the emittance growth characteristic of the similar 90(0) alternate gradient system. In other ways, however, behavior is observed which is similar to the analagous alternate gradient system.

Haber, I.

382

Development and Pilot Evaluation of a Cancer-Focused Summer Research Education Program Navajo Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a 10-week cancer research education program for Navajo undergraduate\\u000a students. The program was piloted at Diné College with 22 undergraduates (7 men, 15 women) in 2007 and 2008. Students completed\\u000a a pre–post program survey assessing attitudes, opinions, and knowledge about research and about cancer. The program was found\\u000a to be culturally

Edward R. Garrison; Mark C. Bauer; Brenda L. Hosley; Christi A. Patten; Christine A. Hughes; Mary A. Trapp; Wesley O. Petersen; Martha A. Austin-Garrison; Clarissa N. Bowman; Robert A. Vierkant

2010-01-01

383

The New England Research Institutes, Inc. (NERI) Nocturia Advisory Conference 2012: focus on outcomes of therapy.  

PubMed

A consensus statement published in 2011 summarised current research, clinical approaches, and treatment options for nocturia. Since that time, new research has refined our understanding of nocturia in clinically important ways and new evidence has been presented on the efficacy and outcomes of several treatment methods for this underreported, infrequently recognised, and undertreated problem in adults. This paper provides updated guidance to clinicians in light of recent advances in the field. PMID:23360086

Weiss, Jeffrey P; Blaivas, Jerry G; Blanker, Marco H; Bliwise, Donald L; Dmochowski, Roger R; Drake, Marcus; DuBeau, Catherine E; Hijaz, Adonis; Rosen, Raymond C; Van Kerrebroeck, Philip E V; Wein, Alan J

2013-01-29

384

Multiple publication on a single research study: Does it pay? The influence of number of research articles on total citation counts in biomedicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientists may seek to report a single definable body of research in more than one publication, that is, in repeated reports of the same work or in fractional reports, in order to disseminate their research as widely as possible in the scientific community. Up to now, however, it has not been examined whether this strategy of \\

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-dieter Daniel

2007-01-01

385

School-focused Inservice: Descriptions and Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The characteristics and structures of school-focused inservice teacher education are explored by educators and researchers in 16 essays. An introductory article gives the rationale for more and better school-focused inservice education, particularly because of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142). School-focused

Howey, Kenneth R., Ed.; And Others

386

Alcohol Health and Research World. Volume 17, No. 3, 1993. Special Focus: Alcohol Research-An International Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this issue, a panel of international contributors discuss alcohol-related issues facing their part of the world. Topics include an historical overview of alcohol research in general and the concept of dependence in particular, cross-cultural validity o...

D. M. Welsh

1993-01-01

387

Future horizons in vitiligo research: focusing on the recommendations of the Cochrane systematic review 'Interventions for vitiligo' 2010.  

PubMed

The 'Implications for research' section of the Cochrane systematic review, 'Interventions for vitiligo', published in 2010, highlighted three main issues that impact the standard of vitiligo research: (i) lack of consensus on the classification and definition of vitiligo; (ii) lack of consensus on the methods of assessment and outcome measures for vitiligo; and (iii) heterogeneity of interventions compared. This article provides an update of the progress made to resolve these issues since the publication of the Cochrane systematic review in 2010, 'Interventions for vitiligo'. PMID:24098902

Eleftheriadou, V

2013-10-01

388

Focusing Research in Agricultural Education. Proceedings of the Annual Central Region Research Conference in Agricultural Education (47th, St. Louis, Missouri, March 6, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference proceedings on agricultural education research included: "Focusing for Excellence" (Jordan); "Factors Related to the Integration of International Agricultural Concepts into the Secondary Agricultural Education (AE) Curriculum" (Ibezim, McCracken); "Perceptions of State Vocational Education (VE) Administrators Relevant to AE in the…

Birkenholz, Robert J., Comp.; Schumacher, Leon G., Comp.

389

Focusing Research in Agricultural Education. Proceedings of the Annual Central Region Research Conference in Agricultural Education (47th, St. Louis, Missouri, March 6, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A conference proceedings on agricultural education research included: "Focusing for Excellence" (Jordan); "Factors Related to the Integration of International Agricultural Concepts into the Secondary Agricultural Education (AE) Curriculum" (Ibezim, McCracken); "Perceptions of State Vocational Education (VE) Administrators Relevant to AE in the…

Birkenholz, Robert J., Comp.; Schumacher, Leon G., Comp.

390

[Focusing on the steps to follow to initiate a clinical research project].  

PubMed

Texts governing clinical research are regularly revised in French law. The knowledge of administrative procedures to enable studies should be available to all interested clinicians. University hospitals are privileged with dedicated structures providing methodological and administrative support but which are sometimes ignored or underutilized. In this paper, we propose to define the categories of clinical research, their respective administrative framework and the steps and documents required for their realization in France. Finally, we specify some rules to follow in order to enable the communication of scientific results in international journals. PMID:21227763

Taupiac, Mathieu; Fafin, Coraline; Vivien, Mickael; Esnault, Vincent; Pradier, Christian; Moranne, Olivier

2011-01-11

391

Transitioning Learning Strategies Research into Practice: Focus on the Student in Technical Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A four-year research program was conducted on the application of learning strategies in the context of computer-based military training. It entailed an effort to define student learning strategies and skill training needs, evaluation of instructional procedures, and development of training products. Learning strategies and skill maintenance…

McCombs, Barbara L.

392

Researching the Effects of Frame-Focused Instruction on Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of globalization, the research of innovative teaching methods and techniques becomes relevant. The traditional teaching approach where the training of practice material is preceded by rule-presentation (explanation + mechanical form-oriented practice) does not meet the requirements of constantly developing rational language…

Sokolova, Elena; Burmistrova, Anna

2012-01-01

393

Bringing ecotourism into focus: applying a hierarchical perspective to ecotourism research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecotourism is a complex phenomenon that has grown rapidly in the last three decades. The emerging field of inquiry based on this phenomenon has followed a similar trajectory of growth. Understanding the dimensions of its impacts can pose great challenges to researchers. As a result, ecotourism literature is characterised by continued debates of definitions, bias towards small-scale, one-shot case studies,

Carter A. Hunt; Amanda Stronza

2009-01-01

394

Mathematics Education Research on Minorities from 1984 to 1994: Focus on African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Judged by its results, the current system for educating African American students in mathematics is a distinct failure. For years, educators either ignored this problem or simply blamed the failure of the system on its victims. In 1984 the Journal for Research in Mathematics Education drew national attention to the problem by devoting an entire…

Ajose, Sunday A.

395

Rural Community Input to School District Strategic Planning: An Action Research Model Using Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many school districts lack a means to provide meaningful two-way communication opportunities with their communities. Rural school districts, in particular, face communication obstacles. Fassig (1987) suggested that what schools often refer to as communication with their communities is actually one-sided propaganda. The purpose of this research was to provide a case study assessment of a methodology for gathering perceptions from

Brent L. Winand; Carla Edlefson

396

Collaborations Focused on Enhancing Undergraduate Involvement in Remote Sensing Applications to Atmospheric and Earth Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the mentoring strategies used with groups of undergraduate physics, mathematics and atmospheric science majors to develop their ability to contribute to remote sensing investigations. The projects have been a joint effort of scientists and educators at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton University in Virginia, Elizabeth City State University in North Carolina, Stennis Space Center, and The Office

Linda Hayden; Ali H. Omar

2006-01-01

397

Strategic Marketing Evaluation: A Focus Area for Institutional Research. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of awareness, knowledge, and current practices regarding strategic marketing within institutional research (IR) offices were studied for colleges in the Rocky Mountain region. Of the 18 responding offices, 9 indicated that their institutions utilized a marketing approach to planning. Of these 9 offices, 56 percent reported formal…

Cooper, Edward M.; Gackenbach, Rusty

398

Postinfectious Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Focus on Epidemiology and Research Agendas  

PubMed Central

Epidemiologic research is fundamental and complementary to our understanding of disease and development of primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions. To put the current evidence into context and identify gaps and research priorities in the areas of disease attribution, burden of disease, clinical characterization, and management of postinfectious functional gastrointestinal disorders (PI-FGDs), we took a multidisciplinary approach from the domains of infectious disease, gastroenterology, epidemiology, and public health. Our review of data from these disciplines found that, despite a complete understanding of pathoetiology, studies continue to accumulate and point toward evidence of a causal association for FGD. For some FGDs, Bradford Hill’s criteria for causality yield more certainty than other criteria. In addition, the growing recognition of the impact of acute foodborne illness on economics and society is leading to exploration of the potential long-term health effects and disease burden of PI-FGDs, although a paucity of data exist in terms of pathogen-specific risk, disability duration, and relevant disability weights. Lastly, the understanding of PI-FGDs is changing the way research is approached and suggests a need for a more expansive exploration of biologic mechanisms and how FGDs are categorized. Areas of research priorities are catalogued in this paper and will hopefully provide inspiration for future studies and contributions to the field of gastroenterology.

Deising, Adam; Gutierrez, Ramiro L.; Porter, Chad K.

2013-01-01

399

Focusing on Process To Improve Learning: A Case Study of Instructional Research and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the instructional research and development (IRD) process employed in creation of a faculty resource guide, "Environmental Ethics in Practice," at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Notes the practical application of the IRD process and its relevance to creation of instructional materials in…

Spuches, Charles M.; Coufal, James E.

2000-01-01

400

Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

Kaser, Dick

2009-01-01

401

Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

Kaser, Dick

2009-01-01

402

Soviet aerospace industry - Propulsion research center focuses on developing fuel-efficient aircraft  

SciTech Connect

The USSR's research and design resources for aircraft propulsion development are concentrated in Moscow's Central Institute for Aviation Motors; design bureaus concerned with specific design tasks have limited research staffs, and are accordingly dependent on this institute for fundamental studies and test support. Full-scale test rigs are located at a facility outside Moscow; aircraft engines of all sizes can be run there at simulated flight speeds. The state-of-the-art turbofan engine that has been developed by this system is the Soloviev D-90, a 35,000-lb thrust class engine powering the Tu-204 and Il-96-300 transport aircraft currently undergoing testing; a specific fuel consumption level of 0.58 at Mach 0.8/36,000 ft altitude has been achieved.

Not Available

1989-06-01

403

Competencies and interest in a problem-focused undergraduate research methods criminal justice course: Two assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on two efforts, in a problem-centered undergraduate criminal justice research methods course, to gauge students' skills in understanding graphical data display and quasi-experimental designs. The problems addressed were drunk driving and handguns. Results show a moderate level of skill by students at course conclusion, but the weak quasi-experimental design precludes confirming the skills were acquired because of

Ralph B. Taylor; Todd Anderson; Patrick McConnell

2003-01-01

404

Text data extraction for a prospective, research-focused data mart: implementation and validation  

PubMed Central

Background Translational research typically requires data abstracted from medical records as well as data collected specifically for research. Unfortunately, many data within electronic health records are represented as text that is not amenable to aggregation for analyses. We present a scalable open source SQL Server Integration Services package, called Regextractor, for including regular expression parsers into a classic extract, transform, and load workflow. We have used Regextractor to abstract discrete data from textual reports from a number of ‘machine generated’ sources. To validate this package, we created a pulmonary function test data mart and analyzed the quality of the data mart versus manual chart review. Methods Eleven variables from pulmonary function tests performed closest to the initial clinical evaluation date were studied for 100 randomly selected subjects with scleroderma. One research assistant manually reviewed, abstracted, and entered relevant data into a database. Correlation with data obtained from the automated pulmonary function test data mart within the Northwestern Medical Enterprise Data Warehouse was determined. Results There was a near perfect (99.5%) agreement between results generated from the Regextractor package and those obtained via manual chart abstraction. The pulmonary function test data mart has been used subsequently to monitor disease progression of patients in the Northwestern Scleroderma Registry. In addition to the pulmonary function test example presented in this manuscript, the Regextractor package has been used to create cardiac catheterization and echocardiography data marts. The Regextractor package was released as open source software in October 2009 and has been downloaded 552 times as of 6/1/2012. Conclusions Collaboration between clinical researchers and biomedical informatics experts enabled the development and validation of a tool (Regextractor) to parse, abstract and assemble structured data from text data contained in the electronic health record. Regextractor has been successfully used to create additional data marts in other medical domains and is available to the public.

2012-01-01

405

Cascadia GeoSciences: Community-Based Earth Science Research Focused on Geologic Hazard Assessment and Environmental Restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cascadia GeoSciences (CG) is a new non-profit membership governed corporation whose main objectives are to conduct and promote interdisciplinary community based earth science research. The primary focus of CG is on geologic hazard assessment and environmental restoration in the Western U.S. The primary geographic region of interest is Humboldt Bay, NW California, within the southern Cascadia subduction zone (SCSZ). This

T. B. Williams; J. R. Patton; T. H. Leroy

2007-01-01

406

Omics approaches in cystic fibrosis research: a focus on oxylipin profiling in airway secretions  

PubMed Central

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with abnormal lipid metabolism, intense respiratory tract (RT) infection, and inflammation, eventually resulting in lung tissue destruction and respiratory failure. The CF RT inflammatory milieu, as reflected by airway secretions, include a complex array of inflammatory mediators, bacterial products, and host secretions. It is dominated by neutrophils and their proteolytic and oxidative products and includes a wide spectrum of bioactive lipids produced by both host and presumably microbial metabolic pathways. The fairly recent advent of “omics” technologies has greatly increased capabilities of further interrogating this easily obtainable RT compartment that represents the apical culture media of the underlying RT epithelial cells. The current paper discusses issues related to the study of CF omics with a focus on the profiling of CF RT oxylipins. Challenges in their identification/quantitation in RT fluids, their pathways of origin, and their potential utility for understanding CF RT inflammatory and oxidative processes are highlighted. Finally, the utility of oxylipin metabolic profiling in directing optimal therapeutic approaches and determining the efficacy of various interventions is discussed.

Eiserich, Jason P.; Yang, Jun; Morrissey, Brian M.; Hammock, Bruce D.; Cross, Carroll E.

2012-01-01

407

Understanding the role of gender in body image research settings: Participant gender preferences for researchers and co-participants in interviews, focus groups and interventions.  

PubMed

Participant gender preferences for body image researchers, interventionists and focus group and intervention co-participants have been largely ignored, despite recognition that such characteristics can influence the nature and quality of data collected and intervention effects. To address this, Australian women (n=505) and men (n=220) completed a questionnaire about their preferences for interviewers and focus group facilitators, for teachers delivering school-based interventions, and for co-participants in these settings. Women predominantly preferred female interviewers and teachers, and mixed-sex co-participants, but most had no preference for focus group facilitators. Body dissatisfied women were more likely to prefer female researchers and single-sex co-participants. Most men did not have specific preferences, however, body dissatisfied men were more likely to report a gender preference for interviewers and teachers. Professional capabilities, personal qualities and appearance were regarded as important researcher characteristics. These findings have important implications for body image research, particularly among high-risk groups. PMID:23876877

Yager, Zali; Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Drummond, Murray

2013-07-19

408

A Guide to Writing a Scientific Paper: A Focus on High School Through Graduate Level Student Research  

PubMed Central

Abstract This article presents a detailed guide for high school through graduate level instructors that leads students to write effective and well-organized scientific papers. Interesting research emerges from the ability to ask questions, define problems, design experiments, analyze and interpret data, and make critical connections. This process is incomplete, unless new results are communicated to others because science fundamentally requires peer review and criticism to validate or discard proposed new knowledge. Thus, a concise and clearly written research paper is a critical step in the scientific process and is important for young researchers as they are mastering how to express scientific concepts and understanding. Moreover, learning to write a research paper provides a tool to improve science literacy as indicated in the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards (1996), and A Framework for K–12 Science Education (2011), the underlying foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards currently being developed. Background information explains the importance of peer review and communicating results, along with details of each critical component, the Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Specific steps essential to helping students write clear and coherent research papers that follow a logical format, use effective communication, and develop scientific inquiry are described.

Petering, David H.; Berg, Craig A.; Tomasiewicz, Henry; Weber, Daniel

2012-01-01

409

A guide to writing a scientific paper: a focus on high school through graduate level student research.  

PubMed

This article presents a detailed guide for high school through graduate level instructors that leads students to write effective and well-organized scientific papers. Interesting research emerges from the ability to ask questions, define problems, design experiments, analyze and interpret data, and make critical connections. This process is incomplete, unless new results are communicated to others because science fundamentally requires peer review and criticism to validate or discard proposed new knowledge. Thus, a concise and clearly written research paper is a critical step in the scientific process and is important for young researchers as they are mastering how to express scientific concepts and understanding. Moreover, learning to write a research paper provides a tool to improve science literacy as indicated in the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards (1996), and A Framework for K-12 Science Education (2011), the underlying foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards currently being developed. Background information explains the importance of peer review and communicating results, along with details of each critical component, the Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Specific steps essential to helping students write clear and coherent research papers that follow a logical format, use effective communication, and develop scientific inquiry are described. PMID:23094692

Hesselbach, Renee A; Petering, David H; Berg, Craig A; Tomasiewicz, Henry; Weber, Daniel

2012-10-24

410

Cover Picture: Rapid Research Letter - Focusing slabs made of negative index materials based on inhomogeneous dielectric rods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Rapid Research Letter [1] it is shown that a flat array of dielectric rods can act as a focusing lens of good quality - provided the rods have specified gradients of the dielectric constant. This design is superior to conventional photonic crystals (PC) utilizing homogeneous rods since the lens can be smaller and has better properties in a broader wavelength range.The cover picture is an artist's view of the PC lens made from dielectric rods consisting of three layers with the refractive index increasing from the margin to the center of the rod, focusing a light beam into a small spot. The focusing spot is controlled by the parameters of the rods and their arrangement in the PC slab.The first author, Dr. Vladimir Sergentu, is a senior researcher of the Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Structures in Chisinau, Moldova, which works on the design of PC based optical elements in collaboration with the Universities of Kiel and Rochester.

Sergentu, V. V.; Ursaki, V. V.; Tiginyanu, I. M.; Foca, E.; Föll, H.; Boyd, Robert W.

2006-05-01

411

Pathophysiology of asthma: lessons from genetic research with particular focus on severe asthma.  

PubMed

There is good evidence that both inherited and environmental factors influence the risk of developing asthma. Only recently, large well-designed studies have been undertaken with the power to identify the genetic causes for asthma, and methods developed in parallel with the Human Genome Project, such as gene expression and epigenetic studies, have made large-scale analyses of functional genetics possible. In this review, we discuss the recent findings from genetic and genomic research studies of asthma, particularly severe asthma, and highlight specific genes for which there are multiple lines of evidence for involvement in asthma pathogenesis. Bio-ontologic enrichment analyses of the most recently identified asthma-related genes point to attributes such as 'molecular and signal transducer activity' and 'immune system processes', which indicates the importance of immunoregulation and inflammatory response in the pathogenesis of asthma. Finally, we discuss how genetic and environmental factors jointly influence asthma susceptibility and summarize how the results may increase understanding of the pathophysiology of asthma-related diseases. PMID:22632610

Melén, E; Pershagen, G

2012-08-01

412

Library Research, Luxury or Necessity? Comments on the Original Article by Carmel Maguire, "Library Research, Luxury or Necessity?" "The Australian Library Journal", 22 No. 4: 152-157, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|I am grateful to the Editor for giving me excuse to delve into the fossil record. I confidently hope that my article was written before most of The Australian Library Journal's present readership was born. I am happy to stay with my pragmatic attempt at a definition of research as an intensified search undertaken with the hope of finding…

Maguire, Carmel

2011-01-01

413

Library Research, Luxury or Necessity? Comments on the Original Article by Carmel Maguire, "Library Research, Luxury or Necessity?" "The Australian Library Journal", 22 No. 4: 152-157, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I am grateful to the Editor for giving me excuse to delve into the fossil record. I confidently hope that my article was written before most of The Australian Library Journal's present readership was born. I am happy to stay with my pragmatic attempt at a definition of research as an intensified search undertaken with the hope of finding something…

Maguire, Carmel

2011-01-01

414

The use of focus groups to examine pubertal concerns in preteen girls: initial findings and implications for practice and research.  

PubMed

This article presents the findings of four focus groups aimed at discovering the concerns a group of 9- to 12-year-old African American and Hispanic girls (N = 38) had about puberty, the transition to adolescence, and growing up. Among the factors these girls liked about growing up were increasing independence from parents, widening social relations with same- and opposite-sex friends, and an increase in decision making regarding clothes and activities. What they reported as not liking about growing up were an increase in peer pressure, high parental expectations, and more responsibility for their actions in home, school, and recreational activities. Health care for this group must include systematic monitoring of pubertal development and concerns in order to aggressively educate preadolescents to negotiate this period smoothly and to avoid high-risk behaviors that could have negative health and social sequelae during adolescence and adulthood. PMID:8920329

Doswell, W M; Vandestienne, G

415

Focus. Volume 27, Number 2, Winter 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Progress toward Improving the U.S. Poverty Measure:…

Caspar, Emma, Ed.

2010-01-01

416

Focus. Volume 26, Number 2, Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Changing poverty and changing antipoverty policies (Maria…

Caspar, Emma, Ed.

2009-01-01

417

Challenges and rewards of involving community in research: an overview of the "Focus on Kids" HIV Risk Reduction Program.  

PubMed

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) continues to be a significant concern for adolescents, especially in minority populations. There is a scarcity of knowledge of the cultural context of sexual behavior in this age group and the influences that lead to early initiation of sex and unsafe sex. Few efforts targeting young adolescents have been community based, although there has been an increased awareness of the need for such research and intervention programs. Four key processes have been defined in gaining community participation in health education programs: (a) defining the community and reaching the community; (b) recognizing tensions among service, research, and community participation; (c) involving community residents; and (d) considering cultural differences in a community. These processes are used to describe the "Focus on Kids" project, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction intervention that resulted in significant increases in condom use demonstrated by a randomized controlled trial. PMID:8841821

Galbraith, J; Ricardo, I; Stanton, B; Black, M; Feigelman, S; Kaljee, L

1996-08-01

418

Using a creativity-focused science program to foster general creativity in young children: A teacher action research study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of thinking and problem-solving skills, and the ability to integrate and analyze information has been recognized and yet may be lacking in schools. Creativity is inherently linked to problem finding, problem solving, and divergent thinking (Arieti, 1976; Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; Milgram, 1990). The importance of early childhood education and its role in the formation of young minds has been recognized (Caine & Caine, 1991; Montessori, 1967a, 1967b; Piaget, 1970). Early childhood education also impacts creativity (Gardner, 1999). The features of brain-based learning (Caine & Caine, 1991; Jensen, 1998; Sousa, 2001; Wolfe, 2001) have a clear connection to nurturing the creative potential in students. Intrinsic motivation and emotions affect student learning and creativity as well (Hennessey & Amabile, 1987). The purpose of this study was to discern if a creativity-focused science curriculum for the kindergarteners at a Montessori early learning center could increase creativity in students. This action research study included observations of the students in two classrooms, one using the creativity-focused science curriculum, and the other using the existing curriculum. The data collected for this interpretive study included interviews with the students, surveys and interviews with their parents and teachers, teacher observations, and the administration of Torrance's (1981) Thinking Creatively in Action and Movement (TCAM) test. The interpretation of the data indicated that the enhanced science curriculum played a role in enhancing the creativity of the children in the creativity-focused group. The results of the TCAM (Torrance, 1981) showed a significant increase in scores for the children in the creativity-focused group. The qualitative data revealed a heightened interest in science and the observation of creative traits, processes, and products in the creativity-focused group children. The implications of this study included the need for meaningful learning experiences, experiential learning opportunities, critical thinking and problem solving activities, and an emphasis on freedom, independence, and autonomy on the part of the learner. These elements, when combined with an integrated science curriculum, can foster creativity in young children.

Gomes, Joan Julieanne Mariani

419

Database Citation in Full Text Biomedical Articles  

PubMed Central

Molecular biology and literature databases represent essential infrastructure for life science research. Effective integration of these data resources requires that there are structured cross-references at the level of individual articles and biological records. Here, we describe the current patterns of how database entries are cited in research articles, based on analysis of the full text Open Access articles available from Europe PMC. Focusing on citation of entries in the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA), UniProt and Protein Data Bank, Europe (PDBe), we demonstrate that text mining doubles the number of structured annotations of database record citations supplied in journal articles by publishers. Many thousands of new literature-database relationships are found by text mining, since these relationships are also not present in the set of articles cited by database records. We recommend that structured annotation of database records in articles is extended to other databases, such as ArrayExpress and Pfam, entries from which are also cited widely in the literature. The very high precision and high-throughput of this text-mining pipeline makes this activity possible both accurately and at low cost, which will allow the development of new integrated data services.

Kafkas, Senay; Kim, Jee-Hyub; McEntyre, Johanna R.

2013-01-01

420

EMOTIONALLY FOCUSED FAMILY THERAPY FOR BULIMIA: CHANGING ATTACHMENT PATTERNS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an overview of an emotionally focused family therapy intervention for bulimic adolescents referred to an outpatient hospital clinic. The article attempts to integrate theory, practice, and preliminary research results. Bulimia is viewed from the theoretical perspective of attachment theory as described by Bowlby (1969). The emotionally focused approach to creating more secure attachment in families is described,

Susan M. Johnson; Cindy Maddeaux; Jane Blouin

1998-01-01

421

Intravital microscopy for the study of mouse microcirculation in anti-inflammatory drug research: Focus on the mesentery and cremaster preparations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intravital microscopy is an extremely useful tool used as a qualitative and quantitative way of observing leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in-vivo. This present article reviews the methods of the technique of intravital microscopy, in particular focussing on the mesentery and cremaster preparations. It focuses on how to actually carry out the experiments required to directly observe and localize the changes in

Felicity N. E. Gavins; Bristi E. Chatterjee

2004-01-01

422

Preventing HIV infection among young immigrant Latino men: results from focus groups using community-based participatory research.  

PubMed Central

Latinos in the United States have been disproportionately affected by the intersecting epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to problem identification and exploration, a total of 74 Latino men (mean age 22.3, range 18-37) residing in an urban city in northwest North Carolina participated in one of eight focus groups on sexual health. Among the findings of this study, >75% of participants reported Mexico as their country of origin; other participants reported being from Central and South American countries. Qualitative data analysis identified 13 themes, which were grouped into the following three domains: 1) psychosocial factors identified as influencing sexual risk health behaviors; 2) system-level barriers to sexual health; and 3) characteristics of potentially effective HIV prevention intervention approaches. The study findings suggest that community-based, male-centered interpersonal networks that provide individual and group education and skill-building and incorporate curanderos (Latino healers) and bilingual experts may be important elements of potentially effective intervention approaches to reach Latino men, who have been inaccessible to conventional HIV prevention programs.

Rhodes, Scott D.; Hergenrather, Kenneth C.; Wilkin, Aimee; Alegria-Ortega, Jose; Montano, Jaime

2006-01-01

423

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

424

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

425

FindArticles.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new service is a partnership between LookSmart and the Gale Group, a publisher of research and reference materials for libraries, businesses, and information technologists. The site offers free access to the full-text of articles published in over 350 magazines and journals dating from 1998. Users can search the database by keyword and by one of the nine subject categories (Arts & Entertainment, Computers & Technology, Reference & Education, Sports, etc.). Search returns include article title, periodical, and short description, with a link to the full-text, which is conveniently and quickly displayed at the FindArticles site, though with numerous advertising banners. Visitors can also view a list of the publications indexed, alphabetically or by subject. Periodical listings include a one-sentence description and a link to their Website. Despite the banners and other commercial content (the bills must be paid, after all) this site is a very useful reference source, indexing many leading journals and magazines.

426

Which Journal Articles are Uncited? The Case of the Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research and the Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two main streams of research performance evaluation rely on quantitative measurement of research output and citation count. Although research output counting has achieved a certain degree of success, such an approach cannot assess the impact of a publication on knowledge development. A citation count, in contrast, measures the influence of a publication on subsequent research efforts. Citation count has thus

Rob Law; Hee “Andy” Lee; Norman Au

2012-01-01

427

Critique of Research Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article introduces the issue of articles on research assessments and rankings. It focuses on the British Research Assessment Exercises (RAEs) and New Zealand's Performance Based Research Fund (PBRF). It contrasts these with systems that are not tied to funding formulas and emphasise quality enhancement rather than quality assurance. It…

Currie, Jan

2008-01-01

428

EDITORIAL: Focus on Carbon Nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of carbon nanotubes, since their discovery by Iijima in 1991, has become a full research field with significant contributions from all areas of research in solid-state and molecular physics and also from chemistry. This Focus Issue in New Journal of Physics reflects this active research, and presents articles detailing significant advances in the production of carbon nanotubes, the study of their mechanical and vibrational properties, electronic properties and optical transitions, and electrical and transport properties. Fundamental research, both theoretical and experimental, represents part of this progress. The potential applications of nanotubes will rely on the progress made in understanding their fundamental physics and chemistry, as presented here. We believe this Focus Issue will be an excellent guide for both beginners and experts in the research field of carbon nanotubes. It has been a great pleasure to edit the many excellent contributions from Europe, Japan, and the US, as well from a number of other countries, and to witness the remarkable effort put into the manuscripts by the contributors. We thank all the authors and referees involved in the process. In particular, we would like to express our gratitude to Alexander Bradshaw, who invited us put together this Focus Issue, and to Tim Smith and the New Journal of Physics staff for their extremely efficient handling of the manuscripts. Focus on Carbon Nanotubes Contents <;A article="1367-2630/5/1/117">Transport theory of carbon nanotube Y junctions R Egger, B Trauzettel, S Chen and F Siano article="1367-2630/5/1/118">The tubular conical helix of graphitic boron nitride F F Xu, Y Bando and D Golberg article="1367-2630/5/1/119">Formation pathways for single-wall carbon nanotube multiterminal junctions Inna Ponomareva, Leonid A Chernozatonskii, Antonis N Andriotis and Madhu Menon article="1367-2630/5/1/120">Synthesis and manipulation of carbon nanotubes J W Seo, E Couteau, P Umek, K Hernadi, P Marcoux, B Lukic, Cs Mikó, M Milas, R Gaál and L Forró article="1367-2630/5/1/121">Transitional behaviour in the transformation from active end planes to stable loops caused by annealing M Endo, B J Lee, Y A Kim, Y J Kim, H Muramatsu, T Yanagisawa, T Hayashi, M Terrones and M S Dresselhaus article="1367-2630/5/1/122">Energetics and electronic structure of C70-peapods and one-dimensional chains of C70 Susumu Okada, Minoru Otani and Atsushi Oshiyama article="1367-2630/5/1/123">Theoretical characterization of several models of nanoporous carbon F Valencia, A H Romero, E Hernández, M Terrones and H Terrones article="1367-2630/5/1/124">First-principles molecular dynamics study of the stretching frequencies of hydrogen molecules in carbon nanotubes Gabriel Canto, Pablo Ordejón, Cheng Hansong, Alan C Cooper and Guido P Pez article="1367-2630/5/1/125">The geometry and the radial breathing mode of carbon nanotubes: beyond the ideal behaviour Jeno Kürti, Viktor Zólyomi, Miklos Kertesz and Sun Guangyu article="1367-2630/5/1/126">Curved nanostructured materials Humberto Terrones and Mauricio Terrones article="1367-2630/5/1/127">A one-dimensional Ising model for C70 molecular ordering in C70-peapods Yutaka Maniwa, Hiromichi Kataura, Kazuyuki Matsuda and Yutaka Okabe article="1367-2630/5/1/128">Nanoengineering of carbon nanotubes for nanotools Yoshikazu Nakayama and Seiji Akita article="1367-2630/5/1/131">Narrow diameter double-wall carbon nanotubes: synthesis, electron microscopy and inelastic light scattering R R Bacsa, E Flahaut, Ch Laurent, A Peigney, S Aloni, P Puech and W S Bacsa article="1367-2630/5/1/138">Sensitivity of sin

2003-09-01

429

Felt Stigma in Injection Drug Users and Sex Workers: Focus Group Research with HIV-Risk Populations in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though many studies have conclusively linked felt stigma and HIV, few have focused on the experiences of rejection felt by members of such socially marginalized groups as intravenous drug users (IDU) and sex workers (SW). Using focus groups, our study explored these experiences in 34 individuals (17 male UDUs and 17 female SWs) at risk of becoming infected with HIV,

Julio Jiménez; Marieva Puig; Ana Cecilia Sala; Juan Carlos Ramos; Eida Castro; Marangelie Morales; Lydia Santiago; Carmen Zorrilla

2011-01-01

430

FOCUS-GROUP AND ITS IMPACT IN THE QUESTIONNAIRE OF MARKETING RESEARCH ON THE ROMANIAN CAR MARKET  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing a questionnaire is the most profound activity which makes an impact on a research in marketing. The investigation instrument finally determines the quality of this type of research. Never will a market research be able to exceed its questionnaire in point of quality. The present contribution succinctly itemizes a research project for the Romanian car market, emphasizing the importance

CRUCERU Gheorghe; SAVOIU Gheorghe; MANEA Constantin

2010-01-01

431

Examining the effects of hegemonic depictions of female bodies on television: a call for theory and programmatic research * This article was accepted by the previous CSMC editor, Dr. James W. Chesebro  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the media effects literature was precocious in its development, appearing almost as soon as the object of its study, researchers have focused on a relatively narrow array of effects. Examples include the effects of violent, pornographic, and sexual content in the media and minority stereotyping. This review demonstrates the need for researchers to construct stronger theories and conduct more

Alexandra Hendriks

2002-01-01

432

Inhibitions and Implications Associated With Celebrity Participation in Health-Related Social Marketing: An Exploratory Research Focused on HIV Prevention in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses motivations and inhibitions among celebrities to participate in health-related social marketing. The research identifies the implications that this involvement may have upon their lives. Results from in-depth interviews with 27 Portuguese celebrities show that they expect a fee for endorsements of commercial and government social marketing, despite the positive image they may gain from endorsing public health.

Beatriz Casais; João F. Proença

2012-01-01

433

Business Education Index 1989. Index of Business Education Articles, Research Studies, and Textbooks Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals, Publishers, and Yearbooks Published During the Year 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication lists articles in specific business education publications and those related to business education. Emphasis is on information systems (including business communications), economics education, business teacher education, and vocational education (primarily marketing education). Some state and regional publications are included.…

Lundgren, Carol A., Ed.

434

What British women say matters to them about donating an aborted fetus to stem cell research: A focus group study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first investigation into what matters to British women when they think about donating an aborted fetus to research, and how stem cell research and therapies might influence their views. Tissue derived from the aborted fetus is considered “the right tool for the job” in some stem cell laboratories. Research using tissue derived from aborted fetuses is permitted

Naomi Pfeffer

2008-01-01

435

[Searching articles and their management].  

PubMed

The development of digitalizing technology and the Internet has enabled medical doctors and researchers in medicine to search and read the latest articles at their desk without visiting a library. As a result of the time and effort spent for searching articles can be extremely reduced by learning how to use effective tools in combination, the time for the research activity will certainly be greatly saved. It is promising that the advancement of science database, online journals, evaluating system of the journal impact will be great help for researchers. PMID:20446610

Tomizawa, Yasuko

2010-05-01

436

The evolution of robotics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys traditional research topics in industrial robotics and mobile robotics and then expands on new trends in robotics research that focus more on the interaction between human and robot. The new trends in robotics research have been denominated service robotics because of their general goal of getting robots closer to human social needs, and this article surveys research

Elena Garcia; MARIA ANTONIA JIMENEZ; PABLO GONZALEZ DE SANTOS; Manuel Armada

2007-01-01

437

Publishing International Counseling Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

2011-01-01

438

Writing a Student Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A law professor advises students on how to write effective publishable articles, beginning with choice of a claim and continuing with organizing the article; writing and rewriting, coherence, cohesion, and perspective; converting practical work (such as law firm memos) into student articles; publishing; and publicizing the article. (MSE)

Volokh, Eugene

1998-01-01

439

Synthesis and Evaluation of Lightweight Concrete Research Relevant to the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications: Identification of Articles for Further Evaluation and Potential Revision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Much of the fundamental basis for the current lightweight concrete provisions in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications is based on research of lightweight concrete (LWC) from the 1960s. The LWC that was part of this research used traditional mixes ...

B. A. Graybeal G. Greene

2012-01-01

440

Collection of NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Articles That Address Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research (Revised September 2006).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: g...

2006-01-01

441

Role of focus-on-form instruction, corrective feedback and uptake in second language classrooms: some insights from recent second language acquisition research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable number of studies on focus-on-form instruction, corrective feedback and uptake have been carried out in the field of second language acquisition (SLA) research over the last two decades. These studies have investigated the above-mentioned concepts from different perspectives, in a number of different contexts and in a number of different ways. This paper systematically reviews recent research on

Oksana Afitska

2012-01-01

442

Using local citation data to relate the use of journal articles by academic researchers to the coverage of full-text document access systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methodology and findings are presented of an empirical study comparing local citation patterns with the holdings lists of a number of sources of journal articles. These sources were the British Library Document Supply Centre (BLDSC) and the BL inside service, library holdings, ProQuest Direct, SearchBank, EiText and a linking system including both the Geobase database and the BLDSC. The

N. Jacobs; J. Woodfield; A. Morris

2000-01-01

443

Using online databases to find peer-reviewed journal articles on injury prevention and safety promotion research: a study of textword queries by SafetyLit users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the capacity of textword queries to provide a comprehensive listing of articles on injury prevention and safety promotion (IPSP) concepts in a literature database.Methods: All terms used to search SafetyLit (a database of scholarly literature selected for its relevance to the IPSP field) during the years 2000–2005 were listed and then examined to identify terms that are

David W Lawrence

2007-01-01

444

WHEN THE RESEARCHERS HAVE GONE HOME TO WRITE THEIR ARTICLES. DIFFUSION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL-BASED HIV-PREVENTION PROGRAMS IN TANZANIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many scientific trials have shown that theory- and evidence-based Aids-education programs can make a difference, only few of these programs seem to find their way to schools that were not included in the scientific trials. This article discusses the diffusion of Aids-education programs from the perspective of health promotion and the theory of diffusion of innovations. It argues that

Herman Schaalma; Jo Reinders; Melkioury Matasu; Sylvia Kaaya; Knut-Inge Klepp

445

Stories on Research, Research on Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with a group of researchers involved in Participatory Action Research projects on biodiversity and who volunteered to take part in a "storytelling" experiment. Their "stories" were used to describe this new type of research collective comprising various partners, including researchers and managers, focused on obtaining directly…

Petit, Sandrine; Mougenot, Catherine; Fleury, Philippe

2011-01-01

446

Researching \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article delineates how race has been undertheorized in research on the educational experiences and outcomes of Blacks. The authors identify two dominant traditions by which researchers have invoked race (i.e., as culture and as a variable) and outline their conceptual limitations. They analyze how these traditions mask the heterogene- ity of the Black experience, underanalyze institutionalized produc- tions of

Carla O'Connor; Amanda Lewis; Jennifer Mueller

447

A Research Paper on the Status of Law-Focused Education in the United States, 1978-1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This overview of law-focused education in the United States traces the legal education movement from 1962 to the present and discusses the functions and advantages of legal programs. Current efforts to revitalize legal instruction are the result of the ineffectiveness of past teaching approaches, a growing legal consciousness in the average…

Morrison, Deanna M.

448

Youth REP Step By Step: An Introduction to Youth-Led Research and Evaluation. Youth in Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents step-by-step guidelines to help communities and organizations implement youth-led research, evaluation, and planning (Youth REP) as a way of empowering youth to participate in community development and social transformation. The guide offers an overview of youth-led research and evaluation project stages and critical…

Silva, Elena; Zimmerman, Kristen; Erbstein, Nancy

449

Doing Institutional Research: A Focus on Professional Development. Papers from the Annual Meeting of the North East Association for Institutional Research (9th, Durham, New Hampshire, October 17-19, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional research that focuses on professional development is addressed in 35 papers from the 1982 meeting of the North East Association for Institutional Research. Titles and authors include the following: "Modeling College Student Adjustment and Retention for the Individual Institution" (Norman D. Aitken); "The Development Saga of an…

Green, Diana M., Ed.

450

Focus. Volume 26, Number 1, Summer-Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) The new global labor market (Richard B. Freeman); (2)…

Caspar, Emma, Ed.

2008-01-01

451

Articles About Reflexology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of articles, provided by Positive Health Magazine, provides information on reflexology for stroke; vertical reflexology; precision reflexology; reflexology for skin disorders; and integrating color with reflexology. The collection of articles also offers some case studies in reflexology. Most of the articles are lengthy and provide helpful color illustrations. The articles would be of interest to aspiring and practicing reflexologists, as well as massage therapists and other practitioners of therapeutic massage.

2007-04-22

452

Development of Collaborative Research Initiatives to Advance the Aerospace Sciences-via the Communications, Electronics, Information Systems Focus Group.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary goal of the Adaptive Vision Laboratory Research project was to develop advanced computer vision systems for automatic target recognition. The approach used in this effort combined several machine learning paradigms including evolutionary learn...

T. M. Knasel

1996-01-01

453

Customer-focused manufacturing strategy and the use of operations-based non-financial performance measures: A research note  

Microsoft Academic Search

This note follows and extends Abernethy and Lillis (Accounting, Organizations and Society, 1995) by examining: (i) whether firms which maintain a customer-focused manufacturing strategy also maintain an emphasis on non-financial (operations-based) measures in their performance measurement systems; and (ii) whether such an emphasis is associated with enhanced performance for those firms. Data are obtained via questionnaire survey of a random

M. Poole; G. Harrison

1997-01-01

454

Decreasing Putting Yips in Accomplished Golfers via Solution-Focused Guided Imagery: A Single-Subject Research Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

An across-subjects multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of solution-focused guided imagery (SFGI) on putting yips (e.g., jerk in the putting stroke) in three experienced (24 years or more), accomplished (handicap less than 7), male golfers located in the Southeastern United States. Each golfer participated in at least five SFGI sessions designed to guide him to create vivid

Robert J. Bell; Christopher H. Skinner; Leslee A. Fisher

2009-01-01

455

Method of drying articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: (a) Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and (b) contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from

M. A. Janney; J. O. Jr. Kiggans

1999-01-01

456

Method of drying articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: a. Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and b. contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from

Mark A. Janney; Kiggans Jr. James O

1999-01-01

457

Denture adhesive articles  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

The present invention relates to a denture adhesive article comprising: a) a safe and effective adhesive amount of a water soluble denture adhesive component; b) a safe and effective amount of a component selected from the group consisting of a water soluble plasticizer, a water soluble carrier, and mixtures thereof; wherein the article is bioerodible; and wherein the article has dry tack.

Rajaiah; Jayanth (Loveland, OH); Wilder; Elizabeth Anne (West Chester, OH); Hamersky; Mark William (Fairfield Township, OH); Smith; Steven Daryl (Fairfield, OH); Scott; Douglas Craig (Loveland, OH)

2010-11-16

458

Google Scholar's Ranking Algorithm: The Impact of Articles' Age (An Empirical Study)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Google Scholar is one of the major academic search engines but its ranking algorithm for academic articles is unknown. In recent studies we partly reverse-engineered the algorithm. This paper presents the results of our third study. While the first study provided a broad overview and the second study focused on researching the impact of citation counts, the current study focused

Jöran Beel; Bela Gipp

2009-01-01

459

Fabrication of boron articles  

DOEpatents

This invention is directed to the fabrication of boron articles by a powder metallurgical method wherein the articles are of a density close to the theoretical density of boron and are essentially crackfree. The method comprises the steps of admixing 1 to 10 weight percent carbon powder with amorphous boron powder, cold pressing the mixture and then hot pressing the cold pressed compact into the desired article. The addition of the carbon to the mixture provides a pressing aid for inhibiting the cracking of the hot pressed article and is of a concentration less than that which would cause the articles to possess significant concentrations of boron carbide.

Benton, Samuel T. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01

460

Advances in Survey Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The seven articles of this special issue focus on theory and research related to survey methods and whether evaluators need information that is absent from the larger survey literature. These articles reflect the view that the considerations relating to good survey research apply also to using surveys in evaluation. (SLD)|

Braverman, Marc T., Ed.; Slater, Jana Kay, Ed.

1996-01-01

461

The research of auto-focusing method for the image mosaic and fusion system with multi-sensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In modern image processing, due to the development of digital image processing, the focus of the sensor can be automatically set by the digital processing system through computation. In the other hand, the auto-focusing synchronously and consistently is one of the most important factors for image mosaic and fusion processing, especially for the system with multi-sensor which are put on one line in order to gain the wide angle video information. Different images sampled by the sensors with different focal length values will always increase the complexity of the affine matrix of the image mosaic and fusion in next, which potentially reducing the efficiency of the system and consuming more power. Here, a new fast evaluation method based on the gray value variance of the image pixel is proposed to find the common focal length value for all sensors to achieve the better image sharpness. For the multi-frame pictures that are sampled from different sensors that have been adjusted and been regarded as time synchronization, the gray value variances of the adjacent pixels are determined to generate one curve. This curve is the focus measure function which describes the relationship between the image sharpness and the focal length value of the sensor. On the basis of all focus measure functions of all sensors in the image processing system, this paper uses least square method to carry out the data fitting to imitate the disperse curves and give one objective function for the multi-sensor system, and then find the optimal solution corresponding to the extreme value of the image sharpness according to the evaluation of the objective function. This optimal focal length value is the common parameter for all sensors in this system. By setting the common focal length value, in the premise of ensuring the image sharpness, the computing of the affine matrix which is the core processing of the image mosaic and fusion which stitching all those pictures into one wide angle image will be greatly simplified and the efficiency of the image processing system is significantly improved.

Pang, Ke; Yao, Suying; Shi, Zaifeng; Xu, Jiangtao; Liu, Jiangming

2013-09-01

462

Safety in nursing social research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Researcher safety is an important consideration in all areas of nursing social research. Risks to researchers’ safety are multidimensional and manifest differently, contingent on the context of the research encounters.Aim. To review researcher safety issues in social research with special attention to nursing.Review focus. A small number of studies are used in this article, as examples, to demonstrate the

Rhidian Hughes

2004-01-01

463

Development and Pilot Evaluation of a Cancer-Focused Summer Research Education Program for Navajo Undergraduate Students  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a 10-week cancer research education program for Navajo undergraduate students. The program was piloted at Diné College with 22 undergraduates (7 men, 15 women) in 2007 and 2008. Students completed a pre–post program survey assessing attitudes, opinions, and knowledge about research and about cancer. The program was found to be culturally acceptable and resulted in statistically significant changes in some of the attitudes and opinions about research and cancer. Combining all 13 knowledge items, there was a significant (p=0.002) change in the mean total correct percent from baseline [70.3 (SD=15.9)] to post-program [82.1 (SD=13.1)]. The curriculum was adapted for a new cancer prevention and control course now offered at Diné College, enhancing sustainability. Ultimately, these efforts may serve to build capacity in communities by developing a cadre of future Native American scientists to develop and implement cancer research.

Garrison, Edward R.; Bauer, Mark C.; Hosley, Brenda L.; Patten, Christi A.; Hughes, Christine A.; Trapp, Mary A.; Petersen, Wesley O.; Austin-Garrison, Martha A.; Bowman, Clarissa N.; Vierkant, Robert A.

2010-01-01

464

End points and trial design in geriatric oncology research: a joint European organisation for research and treatment of cancer-alliance for clinical trials in oncology-international society of geriatric oncology position article.  

PubMed

Selecting the most appropriate end points for clinical trials is important to assess the value of new treatment strategies. Well-established end points for clinical research exist in oncology but may not be as relevant to the older cancer population because of competing risks of death and potentially increased impact of therapy on global functioning and quality of life. This article discusses specific clinical end points and their advantages and disadvantages for older individuals. Randomized or single-arm phase II trials can provide insight into the range of efficacy and toxicity in older populations but ideally need to be confirmed in phase III trials, which are unfortunately often hindered by the severe heterogeneity of the older cancer population, difficulties with selection bias depending on inclusion criteria, physician perception, and barriers in willingness to participate. All clinical trials in oncology should be without an upper age limit to allow entry of eligible older adults. In settings where so-called standard therapy is not feasible, specific trials for older patients with cancer might be required, integrating meaningful measures of outcome. Not all questions can be answered in randomized clinical trials, and large observational cohort studies or registries within the community setting should be established (preferably in parallel to randomized trials) so that treatment patterns across different settings can be compared with impact on outcome. Obligatory integration of a comparable form of geriatric assessment is recommended in future studies, and regulatory organizations such as the European Medicines Agency and US Food and Drug Administration should require adequate collection of data on efficacy and toxicity of new drugs in fit and frail elderly subpopulations. PMID:24019549

Wildiers, Hans; Mauer, Murielle; Pallis, Athanasios; Hurria, Arti; Mohile, Supriya G; Luciani, Andrea; Curigliano, Giuseppe; Extermann, Martine; Lichtman, Stuart M; Ballman, Karla; Cohen, Harvey Jay; Muss, Hyman; Wedding, Ulrich

2013-09-09

465

Research in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Research in the Schools" publishes empirical studies focusing on the results of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research, descriptions of technology applications and innovative teaching strategies, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 contains these articles: (1) "Factors Associated with…

McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.

2001-01-01

466

Accommodating Translational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is an article in a series illustrating the way scholars in communication have pursued translating their research into practice. The translational nature of communication accommodation theory and examples of its application are the focus of this contribution.|

Giles, Howard

2008-01-01

467

GEOGRAPHIC INDEX OF ENVIRONMENTAL ARTICLES  

EPA Science Inventory

This index was produced in accordance with the "Environmental Research Geographic Location Act," Public Law 101-617, enacted by the U.S. Congress on Nov. 16, 1990. ompiled by EPA, it is a quick reference for finding published articles about environmental issues for geographic loc...

468

Ethical Issues in Deep Brain Stimulation Research for Treatment-Resistant Depression: Focus on Risk and Consent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is currently in pivotal trials as an intervention for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Although offering hope for TRD, DBS also provokes ethical concerns—particularly about decision-making capacity of people with depression—among bioethicists, investigators, institutional review boards, and the public. Here, we examine this critical issue of informed consent for DBS research using available evidence regarding decision-making capacity and

Laura B. Dunn; Paul E. Holtzheimer; Jinger G. Hoop; Helen S. Mayberg; Laura Weiss Roberts; Paul S. Appelbaum

2011-01-01

469

Method of drying articles  

DOEpatents

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: (a) Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and (b) contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the green article, the pore phase material acting as a semipermeable barrier to allow the solvent to be sorbed into the liquid desiccant, the pore phase material substantially preventing the liquid desiccant from entering the pores. 3 figs.

Janney, M.A.; Kiggans, J.O. Jr.

1999-03-23

470

Empirical Research on Performance Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2002, James Klein published a study based on a content analysis of research articles in "PIQ" from 1997 through 2000. That study was aimed at determining how much empirical research was being reported in HPT and what the focus of that research was. Klein found that only about one third of the articles published in "PIQ" represented empirical…

Marker, Anthony; Huglin, Linda; Johnsen, Liz

2006-01-01

471

Research in the Schools, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal publishes articles that focus on the result of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research,descriptions of classroom techniques, studies of assessments, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 of Volume 7 contains these articles: (1) "Predicting First Grade Achievement from Kindergarten…

McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.

2000-01-01

472

Eye conditions and blindness in children: Priorities for research, programs, and policy with a focus on childhood cataract  

PubMed Central

The major causes of blindness in children encompass intrauterine and acquired infectious diseases, teratogens and developmental and molecular genetics, nutritional factors, the consequences of preterm birth, and tumors. A multidisciplinary approach is therefore needed. In terms of the major avoidable causes (i.e., those that can be prevented or treated) the available evidence shows that these vary in importance from country to country, as well as over time. This is because the underlying causes closely reflect socioeconomic development and the social determinants of health, as well as the provision of preventive and therapeutic programs and services from the community through to tertiary levels of care. The control of blindness in children therefore requires not only strategies that reflect the local epidemiology and the needs and priorities of communities, but also a well functioning, accessible health system which operates within an enabling and conducive policy environment. In this article we use cataract in children as an example and make the case for health financing systems that do not lead to ‘catastrophic health expenditure’ for affected families, and the integration of eye health for children into those elements of the health system that work closely with mothers and their children.

Gilbert, Clare; Muhit, Mohammed

2012-01-01

473

Role of research reactors in training of NPP personnel with special focus on training reactor VR-1  

SciTech Connect

Research reactors play an important role in providing key personnel of nuclear power plants a hands-on experience from operation and experiments at nuclear facilities. Training of NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) staff is usually deeply theoretical with an extensive utilisation of simulators and computer visualisation. But a direct sensing of the reactor response to various actions can only improve the personnel awareness of important aspects of reactor operation. Training Reactor VR-1 and its utilization for training of NPP operators and other professionals from Czech Republic and Slovakia is described. Typical experimental exercises and good practices in organization of a training program are demonstrated. (authors)

Sklenka, L.; Rataj, J.; Frybort, J.; Huml, O. [Dept. of Nuclear Reactors, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical Univ. in Prague, V Holesovickach 2, Prague 8, 180 00 (Czech Republic)

2012-07-01

474

Permaculture Magazine Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Permaculture Magazine offers a selection of gratis online articles. According to the site, this section "has sample articles from previous issues of Permaculture Magazine. These have been chosen primarily to give an idea of the broad range of subjects covered by the magazine" back to issue number nine. Topics include ecofarming, bird management, earthen huts, and pollution control.

2008-04-03

475

Master Articles List.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are more than 275 articles on 19 topics which can be arranged into readers on selected topics at the request of any educator. Assembled by the Poynter Center at Indiana University, Poynter Readers are compilations of articles that relate to a particular institution, e.g., law, or to several institutions that affect the lives of American…

Indiana Univ., Bloomington.

476

Nanotechnology Featured Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Three articles from each issue of the Institute of Physics Nanotechnology journal are freely available to all visitors. The selections from the journal are made based on the Editor's choice, or due to their topicality. As a result, the titles are subject to change. The articles are located at the bottom of the page.

477

Analysis of hemoglobin derivatives by capillary isoelectric focusing and its application in the antidotal research of cyanide poisoning  

SciTech Connect

Cyanide toxicity can be reduced by the use of methemoglobin (MetHb) formers, and antidotal dosage is based on the extent of MetHb formation. Hemoglobin and ferrihemoglobin (MetHb, hemimethemoglobins {alpha}{sup 3+}{beta}{sup 2+} and {alpha}{sup 2-}{beta}{sup 3-}, tetracyanmethemoglobin, and dicyanmethemoglobin) concentrations in human, pig, and mouse blood were determined after separation by isoelectric focusing with an octyl-bonded capillary. The predominant species formed in blood when MetHb formers, such as potassium ferricyanide, hydroxylamine, sodium nitrite, and 4-dimethylaminophenol (DMAP), added at molar ratios ranging from 1:10 to 1:1 to hemoglobin, are the valency hybrid intermediates {alpha}{sup 3+}{beta}{sup 2+} and {alpha}{sup 2+}{beta}{sup 3+}. In the detoxication of cyanide with methemoglobin, an intermediate dicyanhemimethemoglobin was demonstrated to be the predominant species in the formation of tetracyanmethemoglobin. Complex mixtures of hemoglobin derivatives were observed with DMAP at 1:1 or greater molar ratio to hemoglobin. Comparison of the MetHb values obtained with a hemoxometer indicated that the valency hybrids were measured as MetHb and the values of oxidized hemoglobin were overestimated. In cyanide poisoning, incorrect dosages of MetHb formers could be calculated, and misinterpretation of MetHb data would results from methods that fail to discriminate among the various species of MetHb. 24 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Shih, M.L.; Korte, W.D. [Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD (United States)

1996-07-01

478

Focusing Agricultural Education Research: The Challenge of the 1990's and Beyond. Proceedings of the National Agricultural Education Research Meeting (17th, Cincinnati, Ohio, November 30, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Selected titles among the 51 papers accepted for presentation or publication by the 1990 meeting of a yearly forum for agricultural research presentation include the following: "Effectiveness of Beginning Scholars Program in Attracting High Ability Students to the College of Agriculture and Home Economics" (Lester, Graham); "Analysis of…

Martin, Robert A., Comp.

479

Article Watch, April 2010  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information about articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, MCG-UGA Medical Partnership, 279 William St., Athens, GA 30607-1777, USA. Tel.: (706) 369-5945: Fax: (706) 369-5936; E-mail: cslaughter@mail.mcg.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive

2010-01-01

480

Article Watch, April 2012  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Health Sciences University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 279 William St., Athens GA 30607-1777. Phone: 706-369-5945; Fax: 706-369-5936; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive

2012-01-01

481

Article Watch, December 2009  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information about articles they feel is important and useful to Clive Slaughter, MCG-UGA Medical Partnership, 279 William St., Athens, GA 30607-1777, USA; Tel.: (706) 369-5945; Fax: (706) 369-5936; E-mail: cslaughter@mail.mcg.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer’s opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive

2009-01-01

482

Beyond a Dichotomous View of the Concepts of 'Sex' and 'Gender' Focus Group Discussions among Gender Researchers at a Medical Faculty  

PubMed Central

Introduction The concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ are both of vital importance in medicine and health sciences. However, the meaning of these concepts has seldom been discussed in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to explore what the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ meant for gender researchers based in a medical faculty. Methods Sixteen researchers took part in focus group discussions. The analysis was performed in several steps. The participating researchers read the text and discussed ideas for analysis in national and international workshops. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The authors performed independent preliminary analyses, which were further developed and intensively discussed between the authors. Results The analysis of meanings of the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ for gender researchers based in a medical faculty resulted in three categories; “Sex as more than biology”, with the subcategories ‘sex’ is not simply biological, ‘sex’ as classification, and ‘sex’ as fluid and changeable; ”Gender as a multiplicity of power-related constructions”, with the subcategories: ‘gender’ as constructions, ‘gender’ power dimensions, and ‘gender’ as doing femininities and masculinities; “Sex and gender as interwoven”, with the subcategories: ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ as inseparable and embodying ‘sex’ and ‘gender’. Conclusions Gender researchers within medicine pointed out the importance of looking beyond a dichotomous view of the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’. The perception of the concepts was that ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ were intertwined. Further research is needed to explore how ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ interact.

Alex, Lena; Fjellman Wiklund, Anncristine; Lundman, Berit; Christianson, Monica; Hammarstrom, Anne

2012-01-01

483

Melody TPV Circulation Article  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Melody TPV Circulation Article. Peng, L, McElhinney, D, Nugent, A, Powell, A, Marshall, A, Bacha, E and Lock, J. (2006). ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/pediatricadvisorycommittee

484

Aerospace China (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Selected articles include: Thermal Control Technology of DFH-2A Communication Satellite; Russia Maintains Its Military Superiority in Space; Major Space Activities of Space Shuttle Columbia On Its STS-52 Mission; Satellite Development Trends in Taiwan; an...

1996-01-01

485

Stomatological Journal (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article discusses the clinical symptoms of lithiasis of the parotid salivary gland, examination methods that allow detection of sialoliths, including x-ray methods, and treatment by antibiotics of the tetracycline group and surgery. Observations of 5...

B. Rossowa K. Limburska

1966-01-01

486

Emerald Engineering Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage from Emerald Publishing features a collection of recently published journals and articles pertaining to engineering technology, in particular, electronics, bio, chemical and medical. Of the 16 engineering journals published by Emerald, 14 are listed in ISI.

2010-11-15

487

Collaboration range: Effects of geographical proximity on article impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatial scientometrics studies how geography influences knowledge creation. In the recent years there has been a surge in this kind of studies, due to the increase of international collaborations. Most of the work in this field has been focused on the geographical distribution of researchers, whilst few have considered how proximity between coauthors influences research quality. In this work we leverage a dataset of geolocalized articles to assess the effect of geographical distance on article impact. More precisely, the dataset, provided by the Observatory of Science and Technology (O.S.T.), consists of roughly 106 scientific articles, gathering all European articles written in 2000 and 2007, spanning 9 disciplines. We evaluate under which geographical extent coauthorships have higher probability of resulting in high impact articles ("high impact" is here approximated by "being in the top 10% most cited articles of its discipline"). We also describe spatial distribution of coauthorship, delineating geographical areas where the production is proportionally higher. The distribution is evaluated both in term of km (as the crow flies), and in terms of administrative partitions (authors' cities, regions, countries).

Apolloni, Andrea; Rouquier, Jean-Baptiste; Jensen, Pablo

2013-09-01

488

AP-LS Teaching Techniques: Deliberating the Benefits of Learning Through Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how students in an undergraduate legal psychology class utilized focus group research (i.e., a jury simulation exercise) to assist in planning strategies for trial. In addition to conducting the focus group, students were responsible for providing an analysis of the results, and preparing their team for trial. Ultimately, students reported the focus group exercise helped them develop

Garrett Berman; Judith Platania

2007-01-01

489

Focus Group Discussions in Community-Based Participatory Research to Inform the Development of a Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Educational Intervention for Latinas in San Diego.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the usefulness of formative focus groups as a community-based participatory research (CBPR) method in developing cancer education programs. Two focus groups were conducted according to CBPR principles, in order to develop a community-competent human papillomavirus (HPV)/cervical cancer educational program for Latinas living in the USA/Mexico border region. Focus group participants were 18 female Mexican American community health advisors. Participants reported that there is limited information and many myths about HPV and the vaccine in the Latino/Latina community, along with many barriers to acceptance of HPV/cervical cancer-related information. Furthermore, participants discussed their recommendations for the development of a culturally appropriate HPV educational program. From these data, we have a better understanding of the HPV/cervical cancer educational approach that will be most accepted in the community and what key information needs to be provided to women who participate in the program, which reinforces the importance of the CBPR approach to the formative phase of cancer education program development. PMID:23857185

Barnack-Tavlaris, Jessica L; Garcini, Luz; Sanchez, Olga; Hernandez, Irma; Navarro, Ana M

2013-12-01

490

Digitizing Scientific Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center and the Oklahoma Academy of Science (“OAS”) entered into a partnership to bring the Proceedingsof the OAS to the Web. The Proceedingsinclude articles from a variety of scientific disciplines, including chemistry, physics, biology, botany, zoology, geography, geology, and sociology. As most major digitization projects and most documentation of digitization practices have concentrated

Cokie G. Anderson

2001-01-01

491

REVIEW OF ARTICLE: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Review of the article titled “Synergy between\\u000aCompetitive Intelligence (CI), Knowledge\\u000aManagement (KM) and Technological Foresight\\u000a(TF) as a strategic model of prospecting - The use\\u000aof biotechnology in the development of drugs\\u000aagainst breast cancer”

Matias Welling Flensborg

2009-01-01

492

Focus marking and focus interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The languages of the world exhibit a range of formal phenomena (e.g. accenting, syntactic reordering and morphological marking) that are commonly linked to the information-structural notion of focus. Crucially, there does not seem to be a one-to-one mapping between particular formal features (focus marking devices) and focus, neither from a cross-linguistic perspective, nor within individual languages. This raises the question

Malte Zimmermann; Edgar Onea

2011-01-01

493

Teachable Articles: A Practical Approach To Teaching English Articles To Japanese Learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is about English articles and specifically the difficulties that non-native speakers, particularly Japanese learners, face in mastering their use. In this dissertation, I will mainly focus on;\\u000a1.\\u0009An investigation on teaching articles and the use of articles including a survey completed by teachers of English\\u000a2.\\u0009Two charts for determining articles and categories with examples including my

Kayo Fujito

2004-01-01

494

Fam Focus  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content CCR Home | About CCR | CCR Intranet Main Navigation Home Profiles Research Newsworthy References Special Interest Groups Training Main Links Psycho-Oncology Home Profiles Research Newsworthy/Resources References Special Interest

495

Focus Issue: Regulation of Lymphocyte Function  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the month of July, Science Signaling has highlighted mechanisms by which lymphocytes of the innate and adaptive immune responses are regulated to promote effective immunity and prevent inappropriate and damaging responses. Research Articles and Perspectives in this series and the Archives focus on the mechanisms by which the functions of T cells, B cells, and natural killer cells are regulated and the therapeutic implications of understanding the regulation of these cells.

Ernesto Andrianantoandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV); John F. Foley (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV)

2012-07-31

496

A National Perspective on the Needs, Themes, and Major Groups - Robotics Research in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes current work in Australian robotics research. We outline the work in progress at the major research groups across Australia and draw themes emerging in Australian research. We focus on research groups rather than on industrial robotics.

Nick Barnes; Alexander Zelinsky

2008-01-01

497

Teaching Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explicitly qualitative research has never before been so popular in human geography, and this article hopes to encourage more graduate students and faculty members to undertake the teaching of qualitative geography. The article describes one such course for graduate students, highlighting its challenges and rewards, and focusing on exercises…

Delyser, Dydia

2008-01-01

498

Machine Tools (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: The Primary Duties of Our Country's Machinery Industry in the Area of Production Engineering during the Seventh Five Period, The Research Status and Trend in our Country's Machine Tools Technology - An Overview of Papers Presented by the...

1986-01-01

499

Educational Technology Research Journals: "Journal of Research on Technology in Education," 2001-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors examined the "Journal of Research on Technology in Education (JRTE)" to discover trends from 2001-2010 in the topics covered in the articles, article types (including research methods used), authorship, and citation frequency. Articles from the journal dealt mostly with PK-12 settings and focused on technology…

Billings, Christopher; Nielsen, P. Lynne; Snyder, Aaron; Sorensen, Alec; West, Richard E.

2012-01-01

500

Open focus attention training.  

PubMed

This article describes the role of attention training and brainwave synchrony training in the resolution of stress- and pain-related symptoms. It describes the origin of Open Focus attention training as it was distilled from observations of space-generated brain wave activity. It provides a map of the various attentional styles and associated EEG activity. PMID:23538084

Fehmi, Lester G; Shor, Susan B

2013-03-01