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1

Focus Article: Replication in Second Language Writing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the meaning and range of replication in L2 research from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. In the first half of the paper, it will be argued that key quantitative studies need to be replicated to have their robustness and generalizability tested and that this is a requirement of scientific inquiry. Such research…

Porte, Graeme; Richards, Keith

2012-01-01

2

A Teaching Strategy with a Focus on Argumentation to Improve Undergraduate Students’ Ability to Read Research Articles  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study is to evaluate a teaching strategy designed to teach first-year undergraduate life sciences students at a research university how to learn to read authentic research articles. Our approach—based on the work done in the field of genre analysis and argumentation theory—means that we teach students to read research articles by teaching them which rhetorical moves occur in research articles and how they can identify these. Because research articles are persuasive by their very nature, we focused on the rhetorical moves that play an important role in authors’ arguments. We designed a teaching strategy using cognitive apprenticeship as the pedagogical approach. It was implemented in a first-year compulsory course in the life sciences undergraduate program. Comparison of the results of a pretest with those of the posttest showed that students’ ability to identify these moves had improved. Moreover, students themselves had also perceived that their ability to read and understand a research article had increased. The students’ evaluations demonstrated that they appreciated the pedagogical approach used and experienced the assignments as useful. On the basis of our results, we concluded that students had taken a first step toward becoming expert readers.

Lacum, Edwin B. Van; Goedhart, Martin J.

2014-01-01

3

Focus Article Maintenance and differentiation  

E-print Network

-renewable, multipotent neural stem cells (NSCs) that are responsible for neurogenesis and plasticity in specific regions-renewal and the multipotent state of these cells. This intricate and well-tuned signaling network regulates the tranFocus Article Maintenance and differentiation of neural stem cells Katlin B. Massirer,1 Cassiano

Bellugi, Ursula

4

A Teaching Strategy with a Focus on Argumentation to Improve Undergraduate Students' Ability to Read Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate a teaching strategy designed to teach first-year undergraduate life sciences students at a research university how to learn to read authentic research articles. Our approach--based on the work done in the field of genre analysis and argumentation theory--means that we teach students to read research articles by…

Van Lacum, Edwin B.; Ossevoort, Miriam A.; Goedhart, Martin J.

2014-01-01

5

Research Article  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2011 S. Saska et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The aim of this study was to develop and to evaluate the biological properties of bacterial cellulose-hydroxyapatite (BC-HA) nanocomposite membranes for bone regeneration. Nanocomposites were prepared from bacterial cellulose membranes sequentially incubated in solutions of CaCl2 followed by Na2HPO4. BC-HA membranes were evaluated in noncritical bone defects in rat tibiae at 1, 4, and 16 weeks. Thermogravimetric analyses showed that the amount of the mineral phase was 40%–50 % of the total weight. Spectroscopy, electronic microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analyses, and X-ray diffraction showed formation of HA crystals on BC nanofibres. Low crystallinity HA crystals presented Ca/P a molar ratio of 1.5 (calcium-deficient HA), similar to physiological bone. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy analysis showed bands assigned to phosphate and carbonate ions. In vivo tests showed no inflammatory reaction after 1 week. After 4 weeks, defects were observed to be completely filled in by new bone tissue. The BC-HA membranes were effective for bone regeneration. 1.

Bacterial Cellulose-hydroxyapatite Nanocomposites For; Bone Regeneration

6

Research Focus. Section II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…

Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others

7

Focus Article Beetle horns and horned beetles  

E-print Network

Focus Article Beetle horns and horned beetles: emerging models in developmental evolution of horned beetles and beetle horns as study systems amenable to the integration of a wide range evolution. For each question we discuss how work on horned beetles is contributing to our current

Moczek, Armin P.

8

Focus Article Linking genome to epigenome  

E-print Network

Focus Article Linking genome to epigenome Guo-Cheng Yuan1,2 Recent epigenomic studies have of epigenetic patterns among different cell types. The epigenome is maintained by the complex network of a large-resolution maps of the entire epigenome which can be compared to gain functional insights. Significant differences

Yuan, Guo-Cheng "GC"

9

983RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

983RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Germ granules are large non-membrane bound organelles composed germ cells in many organisms, and are commonly perinuclear (Eddy, 1975). Germ granules in different- box helicase VASA, but many organism-specific germ granule components have also been described

Strome, Susan

10

Research Article Phonological Dyslexia  

E-print Network

Research Article Phonological Dyslexia A Test Case for Reading Models Elise Caccappolo-van Vliet,1 words, a type of deficit referred to as phonological dyslexia. We report on 2 individuals with Alzheimer's disease who show phonological dyslexia. Although highly accurate in reading familiar words aloud (even

11

1107RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

1107RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The vertebrate kidney is essential to conserve water (Saxén, 1987; Vize et al., 2002). These three kidney forms appear very different, but all rely conserved (Mobjerg et al., 2000; Zhou and Vize, 2004; Dressler, 2006; Raciti et al., 2008). The kidney

De Robertis, Eddy M.

12

2739RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

2739RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Asymmetric cell division has been proposed as a mechanism for maintaining stem cell numbers while allowing the generation of differentiated cell types (Morrison and Kimble, 2006). It is also been proposed that asymmetric cell division of a small number of tumor stem cells may

Oregon, University of

13

2223RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

2223RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Stem cells achieve self-renewal through both the execution of mitotic cell division and maintenance of stem cell fate. Different stem cell types display distinct patterns of self-renewal and differentiation. For example, hematopoetic stem cells divide infrequently

14

DEVELOPMENT 3121RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

-mediated signals in regeneration and homeostasis, using the planarian species Schmidtea mediterranea as a tractableDEVELOPMENT 3121RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The planarian flatworm exhibits a remarkable ability-conserved and widely relevant molecular controls of morphogenesis. Planarian stem cells (neoblasts) have the potential

Oviedo, Néstor J.

15

RESEARCH ARTICLE Simone Zuccher  

E-print Network

. Various coating processes have been employed to create an insulator layer on a wire, to protect cutting-edge field is the high-temperature superconductor (HTSC) bi-component wire fabrication. BiRESEARCH ARTICLE Simone Zuccher A novel measurement technique for the study of wire coating

Zuccher, Simone

16

DEVELOPMENT 4771RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

DEVELOPMENT 4771RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The developing eye of the fruit fly (Drosophila), that are required for early developmental steps, cause cell death when ectopically induced in a developing wing secreted morphogens attain inappropriate levels in the wing disc, activation of the c-Jun N

Singh, Amit

17

DEVELOPMENT 1161RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

DEVELOPMENT 1161RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION During oogenesis in Drosophila, successive rounds fates at the early stages of oogenesis is crucial for achieving the proper morphology of individual egg in these cells induces them to adopt terminal fates, but this probably occurs at a later stage of oogenesis, many

Shilo, Benny

18

BMC Bioinformatics Research article  

E-print Network

BMC Bioinformatics Research article Protein-protein docking using region-based 3D Zernike interface and useful for protein docking prediction. Rigorous benchmark studies show that our docking-ray crystallography, NMR). To this end, a number of computa- tional protein docking methods have been developed [5

Kihara, Daisuke

19

Focus Article Resting-state functional  

E-print Network

on functional network dynamics and cognition. We conclude that RSFC MRI will be an invaluable tool for future, Ithaca, NY, USA Conflict of interest: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest for this article in these brain regions is correlated in time.1 In the first study to examine patterns of spontaneous fMRI signal

Spreng, R. Nathan

20

RESEARCH ARTICLE Toward Computational Cumulative  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Toward Computational Cumulative Biology by Combining Models of Biological Datasets, Espoo, Finland, 2. European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL databases of experimental datasets in order to keep research cumulative. We introduce the idea of a modeling

Kaski, Samuel

21

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article  

E-print Network

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article Compact electrical generators.: Illustration shows magnified view of high temperature superconductor cable. #12;renewable energy focus July/August 2009 39 Renewable energy/infrastructure there has been excitement about superconductivity. The sting

Hampshire, Damian

22

Rhetorical Structure of Biochemistry Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the results of a move analysis [Swales, J. (1990). "Genre analysis." Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] of 60 biochemistry research articles. First, a corpus was systematically compiled to ensure that it represents core journals in the focused discipline. Then, coding reliability analysis was conducted to demonstrate…

Kanoksilapatham, Budsaba

2005-01-01

23

Research Focus WorkatFEERCiscenteredonthreeinterrelated  

E-print Network

, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC) is a comprehensive laboratory for internal combustion engine technology synthetic and renewable sources. The FEERCconductsresearchoninnovativeinternal combustion engine-linear dynamics and controls · Engine controls · Combustion · Catalysis · Fuels · Emission control modeling

24

Focus Group Research: Procedures and Pitfalls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus group research, which involves the exploration of a carefully selected research question by a group of homogeneous subjects, is a qualitative research tool which seems to be a quick and easy means of staying abreast of the educational needs and expectations of community colleges. However, it is difficult to moderate focus groups and…

Cohen, Marlene C.; Engleberg, Isa N.

25

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue C  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. Articles appearing in this issue are: (1)…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2006-01-01

26

JournalofGeophysicalResearch: Planets RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

JournalofGeophysicalResearch: Planets RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013JE004459 Key Points: · We implications for its interior structure, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 119, 850­866, doi:10.1002/2013JE004459 of Aerospace, Hampton, Virginia, USA, 6Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New

Hauck II, Steven A.

27

REVIEW ARTICLE FOCUS BoseEinstein condensation in  

E-print Network

REVIEW ARTICLE FOCUS Bose­Einstein condensation in magnetic insulators The Bose­Einstein condensate produce very rich physics compared with the canonical BEC. Studies of magnon condensation in a growing . It is thus natural to ask whether these bosons can undergo Bose­ Einstein condensation and become superfluid

Loss, Daniel

28

REVIEW ARTICLE FOCUS Quantum criticality in heavy-fermion metals  

E-print Network

REVIEW ARTICLE FOCUS Quantum criticality in heavy-fermion metals Quantum criticality describes the collective fluctuations of matter undergoing a second-order phase transition at zero temperature. Heavy-fermion metals have in recent years emerged as prototypical systems to study quantum critical points. There have

Loss, Daniel

29

Research Article Sleep Preferentially Enhances  

E-print Network

for negative arousing narratives was facilitated after 3 hr of late-night sleep, which is rich in REM (rapid eye movement) sleep.1 As REM sleep intensely activates Address correspondence to Jessica D. PayneResearch Article Sleep Preferentially Enhances Memory for Emotional Components of Scenes Jessica D

Kensinger, Elizabeth A.

30

RESEARCH ARTICLE CALCIUM CHANNEL STRUCTURE  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE CALCIUM CHANNEL STRUCTURE Structural basis for a pH-sensitive calcium leak across,3 Wayne A. Hendrickson,1,2,4,5 Qun Liu1,4 * Calcium homeostasis balances passive calcium leak and active calcium uptake. Human Bax inhibitor­1 (hBI-1) is an antiapoptotic protein that mediates a calcium leak

Napp, Nils

31

Author's personal copy Research article  

E-print Network

Author's personal copy Research article Characterization of glutathione reductase and catalase charac- terized two antioxidant enzymes, glutathione reductase (GR) and catalase (CAT), in the fronds but much smaller increases were observed for P. ensiformis and purified bovine liver catalase (133% and 120

Ma, Lena

32

NEURAL CIRCUITS ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

NEURAL CIRCUITS ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 23 December 2013 doi: 10.3389/fncir.2013, A y enhancing the release yridine-3-yl y er of be II/III alter of an the ance influenced ances agonist subunit-selectiv T G the cells. neocortical enhancement hese AB onto the v c olt the A visual

Guillas, Serge

33

Focus group research and "the patient's view".  

PubMed

A clear emphasis on the patient's view is discernible in the health services research literature of the past decades. Such a switch to patients' perspectives has been greatly facilitated by a wider acceptance and use of qualitative methods. In particular, focus groups are often used to uncover the range and depth of experiences of health services users and chronically ill individuals. Although this method contributes to a better understanding of patients' perspectives and practices, a number of analytical considerations have been overlooked. The aim of this paper is to consider how to conceptualise and analyse interactions in focus group research. We argue that focus groups are social spaces in which participants co-construct the "patient's view" by sharing, contesting and acquiring knowledge. Focus groups conducted with home care patients in Quebec, Canada (on antibiotic intravenous therapy, parenteral nutrition, peritoneal dialysis and oxygen therapy) are used to illustrate three interactive processes at work in focus groups: (1) establishing oneself as experienced and knowledgeable; (2) establishing oneself as in search of information and advice; and (3) validating or challenging one another's knowledge claims. We develop an analytical template focused on the subtle dynamics underpinning the various and at times competing claims of patients. This template acknowledges the processes through which participants attribute authority to the claims of others, including the focus group moderator. We find that focus group research does not derive epistemological authority simply from the identity of its participants. Rather, an emerging consensus about what constitutes the patient's view is the result of context-dependent social interactions that need to be scrutinised. PMID:16797811

Lehoux, Pascale; Poland, Blake; Daudelin, Genevieve

2006-10-01

34

Research Focus Stress hormones and mate choice  

E-print Network

the interactions among glucocor- ticoid stress hormones, sex steroids and body condition. Stress hormones during periods when stress could affect sexually selected traits. In birds, the stress response canResearch Focus Stress hormones and mate choice Jerry F. Husak and Ignacio T. Moore Department

Husak, Jerry F.

35

New Research Findings on Emotionally Focused Therapy: Introduction to Special Section  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the special section "New Research Findings on Emotionally Focused Therapy." Emotionally focused couple therapy researchers have a strong tradition of outcome and process research and this special section presents new findings from three recent studies. The first study furthers the goal of determining the kinds of clients…

Johnson, Susan M.; Wittenborn, Andrea K.

2012-01-01

36

Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article…

Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

2009-01-01

37

Research Article Inhibition Versus Switching  

E-print Network

and is defined as recurrent thought focused on the causes, symptoms, and implications of one's depression (Nolen, University of Colorado at Boulder ABSTRACT--Individuals who depressively ruminate about their current. The second experiment also demonstrated that, in contrast to depressive rumination, angry and intellectual

Banich, Marie T.

38

HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

.00038 Effects of meditation experience on functional connectivity of distributed brain networks Wendy Hasenkamp to examine the effect of meditation experience on brain networks under- lying cognitive actions employed fluctuations that occur during the practice of focused attention meditation.This model specifies four intervals

Barsalou, Lawrence W.

39

Precincts and Prospects in the Use of Focus Groups in Social and Behavioral Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few years, the focus group method has assumed a very important role as a method for collecting qualitative data in social and behavioural science research. This article elucidates theoretical and practical problems and prospects associated with the use of focus groups as a qualitative research method in social and behavioural science…

Sagoe, Dominic

2012-01-01

40

Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume: ; Issue: ; Article ID: IS12053  

E-print Network

Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume-sea benthos. #12;Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

41

Research Article Hydrophobically modified polyacrylamide  

E-print Network

capillary array electrophoresis instruments. Previous research in our group has shown that physically cross demonstrated the capability to sequence up to 1300 bases in approximately 2 h [3], and commercial instruments, N,N-dihexylacrylamide; HMPAM, hydrophobically modified polyacrylamide; IPA, isopropyl alcohol; LPA

Barron, Annelise E.

42

RESEARCH ARTICLE Health Care Outcomes  

E-print Network

and the California CABG Outcomes Reporting Program (CCORP, a mandatory reporting program with 121 and 120 hospitals contribute during the voluntary program. r Health Research and Educational Trust DOI: 10.1111/j.1475 mandatory CABG surgery reporting program. Key Words. Volume­outcome relationship, coronary artery bypass

Rocke, David M.

43

Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

1998-02-24

44

NASA Research Focuses on Yellowstone's Hot Springs and Compares Findings to Rocks from Mars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA Astrobiology Institute website features an article by the Yellowstone Park Foundation focusing on NASA's latest thermophile research and its contributions to outreach education in Yellowstone National Park. The site also provides a number of useful links through the NAI portal site including a teacher's page, student's page, and additional NAI articles and newsletters.

Foundation, Yellowstone P.; Institute, Nasa A.

45

USE OF FOCUS GROUPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCHER  

EPA Science Inventory

Qualitative research techniques are often under-utilized by the environmental health researcher. Focus groups, one such qualitative method, can provide rich data sets for study planning and implementation, risk perception, program and policy research, and exploration into future...

46

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 9, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is a publication of the U.S. Division of World Education, Inc. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to connecting research with practice, to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2008-01-01

47

Conference focuses on European permafrost research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The First European Permafrost Conference was convened to discuss European permafrost research in general and the results of the European Union's fourth framework project, Permafrost and Climate in Europe (PACE), in particular. The conference, which was held at the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche in Rome, also helped promote future collaborative research initiatives. A major theme was the potential impact of global climate change on permafrost regions of the world and the importance of permafrost monitoring for detecting climate change within the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) of the World Meteorological Organisation.

Harris, Charles

48

Focusing research priorities in schools of nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools of nursing are facing the challenge of shrinking resources simultaneously with the public’s cry for more nursing manpower. This challenge compounds the difficult decisions all schools must make regarding the allocation of precious resources. One element critical to the future of the profession is the growth of its knowledge base through research, but it is essential to ensure that

Anne Peirce; Sarah Cook; Elaine Larson

2004-01-01

49

Research Focus An Australian network to support the understanding  

E-print Network

and Immunology, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, 300 Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4006, Australia and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Research Network for Parasitology will focus and coordinate granting agencies ­ the Australian Research Council (ARC) and the National Health and Medical Research

McFadden, Geoff

50

RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetics and conservation implications  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetics and conservation implications for the endangered delta smelt conservation management units for this spe- cies. A genetic bottleneck was detected in each of the four transpacificus Á Conservation genetics Á Effective population size Á Bottleneck Á Microsatellites Á Management

May, Bernie

51

Research Article Do Humans and Baboons Use  

E-print Network

Research Article Do Humans and Baboons Use the Same Information When Categorizing Human and Baboon categorization in humans and baboons. Two baboons and 6 humans were trained to sort, by species, pictures of hu- man and baboon faces on which random visual noise was superimposed. On ambiguous probe trials, a human

Biederman, Irving

52

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 06 January 2014  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 06 January 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00897 Taming, USA Reviewed by: Vernon Anthony Barnes, Georgia Health Sciences University, USA Joseph Glicksohn, Bar, text book, or class discussion) with ongoing internal representations and reac- tions that may or may

Jha, Amishi P.

53

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 23 May 2014  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 23 May 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2014.00094 Gender and modifiable lifestyle factors are related to individual brain aging as well as to the risk of developing factor for developing AD. Within this cross-sectional, multi-center study 228 cognitively unimpaired

Gaser, Christian

54

RESEARCH ARTICLE Assessment of metal contaminations leaching  

E-print Network

plastic bottles, which include cooling with frozen water, heating with boiling water, microwave;1 Introduction The presence of hazardous metal contaminations in bottled water has raised serious public healthRESEARCH ARTICLE Assessment of metal contaminations leaching out from recycling plastic bottles

Short, Daniel

55

RESEARCH ARTICLE K. J. Benoit-Bird  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE K. J. Benoit-Bird Prey caloric value and predator energy needs: foraging needs constrain dolphin foraging, a calorimeter was used to measure the caloric content of prey items. These data were combined with information on prey distribution in the field and the energetic needs

Benoit-Bird, Kelly J.

56

Research Article Action-Video-Game Experience  

E-print Network

Research Article Action-Video-Game Experience Alters the Spatial Resolution of Vision C.S. Green--Playing action video games enhances several different aspects of visual processing; however, the mech- anisms underlying this improvement remain unclear. Here we show that playing action video games can alter fun

Green, C. Shawn

57

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 17 December 2013  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 17 December 2013 doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2013.00090 Advanced Brain,4 and Vera Novak5 1 Structural Brain Mapping Group, Department of Psychiatry, Jena University Hospital, Jena, USA *Correspondence: Katja Franke, Structural Brain Mapping Group, Department of Psychiatry, Jena

Gaser, Christian

58

Research Articles An Algorithmic Framework for Predicting  

E-print Network

Research Articles An Algorithmic Framework for Predicting Side Effects of Drugs NIR ATIAS1 side effects for promising drug leads. Large-scale clinical experiments aimed at discovering such side on a novel approach to predict the side effects of a given drug, taking into consid- eration information

Shamir, Ron

59

Research Article The Origins of Cognitive  

E-print Network

in development? Similarly, are humans unique in their drive to avoid dissonant cognitions, or is this processResearch Article The Origins of Cognitive Dissonance Evidence From Children and Monkeys Louisa C of cognitive dissonance, preschoolers and capuchins were given a choice between two equally preferred

Santos, Laurie R.

60

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nucleotide Sequence of Yellow Fever  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nucleotide Sequence of Yellow Fever Virus: Implications for Flavivirus Gene, and yellow fever (1). Most fever was spread by ship to ports as far north as Boston and as far east as En. Walter Reed and colleagues in pioneering studies in Cuba in 1900 demonstrated that yellow fever

Eddy, Sean

61

Research Article The Impact of Cognitive Deficits  

E-print Network

but conflict monitoring (indexed by the N2) is spared. These findings Address correspondence to Nick YeungResearch Article The Impact of Cognitive Deficits on Conflict Monitoring Predictable Dissociations of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University; 2 Department of Psychology, Princeton University; and 3 Department

Yeung, Nick

62

Reviewed research article An Iceland hotspot saga  

E-print Network

Reviewed research article An Iceland hotspot saga Ingi �orleifur Bjarnason Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavík, Iceland ingib@raunvis.hi.is Abstract -- Is Iceland a hotspot, with ridge-centered plume? In Iceland vigorous volcanism has built up a plateau 3.0 km

Bjarnason, Ingi

63

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

c Indian Academy of Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE Multidimensional analysis of Drosophila wing evolutionary differentiation. In this study, using Drosophila melanogaster isofemale lines derived from wild Multidimensional Analysis of Drosophila wing variation in Evolution Canyon. J. Genet. 87, 407­419] Introduction

Debat, Vincent

64

The Writing of Research Article Introductions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines two leading journals from both physics and educational psychology to see whether the research article introductions typically include statements of principal findings. Indicates (1) a mismatch between descriptive practice and prescriptive advice and (2) a diversity in this rhetorical feature between the two fields. (JD)

Swales, John; Najjar, Hazem

1987-01-01

65

RESEARCH ARTICLE Implanted Neural Progenitor Cells Regulate  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Implanted Neural Progenitor Cells Regulate Glial Reaction to Brain Injury, David Macias, Victoria Galvez, and Angel M. Pastor Transplantation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) in the lesioned brain is able to restore morphological and physiological alterations induced by different injuries

Newman, Eric A.

66

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 01 August 2011  

E-print Network

infects the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The conditions in the CF lung appear to select for P. Keywords: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, cystic fibrosis, alginate, iTRAQ, 2-DE, type 6 secretion INTRODUCTIONORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 01 August 2011 doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2011.00162 Comparisons

Mekalanos, John

67

Research Article Discrimination of Peromyscus maniculatus  

E-print Network

Proof Only Proof Only Research Article Discrimination of Peromyscus maniculatus Leukocytes by Flow Junction, CO 81501 Abstract. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) have been identified as the principal host of the genus Peromyscus host several human pathogens, including the agents of granulocytic ehrlichiosis, Lyme

Schountz, Tony

68

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 07 January 2013  

E-print Network

strongly in directing auditory spatial attention, while the left STS aids auditory object selection based, magnetoencephalography, auditory attention, auditory spatial processing, pitch processing INTRODUCTION The abilityORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 07 January 2013 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2012.00190 Auditory

Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara

69

Research Article Factors Affecting Detectability of River  

E-print Network

Research Article Factors Affecting Detectability of River Otters During Sign Surveys MACKENZIE R for false absences. Multiple observers surveyed for river otter (Lontra canadensis) scat and tracks along, survey lengths, and near access points. We estimated detection probabilities (p) of river otters using

Sandercock, Brett K.

70

Research Article Individual Differences in Delay  

E-print Network

Research Article Individual Differences in Delay Discounting Relation to Intelligence, Working, Washington University ABSTRACT--Lower delay discounting (better self-control) is linked to higher (WM) processes, we assessed delay discounting, intelligence (g), WM (span tasks, 3-back task), and WM

71

Opinion article A revolution for aging research  

E-print Network

Opinion article A revolution for aging research Michael R. Rose1, *, Casandra L. Rauser1 , Laurence revolutionary scientific implications. The revolution of 1992 Two papers from the journal Science At the heart of any scientific revolution are observations that shake the foundations of con- ventional scientific

Rose, Michael R.

72

Research Article Open Access Steroids & Hormonal Science  

E-print Network

Research Article Open Access Steroids & Hormonal Science Hojo et al., J Steroids Hormon Sci 2014, S4 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7536.S4-002 J Steroids Hormon Sci Neurosteroids ISSN:2157-7536 JSHS-estradiol (E2), progesterone (PROG) and estrone [1], which is similar to hippocampus-synthesized steroids

Kawato, Suguru

73

Focus groups: A new tool for qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups have received little attention from sociologists, although they are a commonly used qualitative technique in market research. The data collected in focus group sessions typically consist of tape-recorded group discussions among four to ten participants who share their thoughts and experiences on a set of topics selected by the researcher. We present a brief description of dimensions along

David L. Morgan; Margaret T. Spanish

1984-01-01

74

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 6, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2002-01-01

75

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 6, Issue C  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2003-01-01

76

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

77

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 7, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

78

New Focus for Space Research in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Australia was the fourth nation to launch a spacecraft into orbit from its own territory, in 1967. Its second satellite followed 35 years later, when FedSat was launched in December 2002. Australia had and continues to have world experts in many areas of space science and technology. Several of these have participated in international missions, even sometimes with government support and funding to collaborate on designing and building an instrument for an international mission (e.g., AATSR on ESA's Envisat). Despite this Australia has no coordinated national space effort or dedicated funding for space research. Few linkages existed between Universities, Government units, and industry or across the field. This talk describes efforts to change this situation by developing the first Decadal Plan for Australian Space Science. The Plan's vision is "World-leading innovative space science and technology, strong domestic capability, and international collaborations that build Australia a long term, productive presence in Space". The talk describes the process and summarises the recommendations of the Australian space science community. These include creation of a national coordination committee (ACCSS), scientific themes and goals, and the science, education, and outreach projects necessary to accomplish them. The science projects involve ground-based assets, spacecraft missions, theory/modelling programs, and technology development and testing.

Cairns, Iver

79

Research on Libraries and Distance Education: An Analysis of Articles Published 1999-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a content analysis of research articles focusing on library services in distance education published between 1999 and 2009. The study identified 472 articles on the topic and analyzed the citations, abstracts, and indexing to determine major topics, issues, and trends discussed; methodologies used; and major journals…

Herring, Susan Davis

2010-01-01

80

ORIGINAL ARTICLE The effect of self-focusing on laser space-debris cleaning  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL ARTICLE The effect of self-focusing on laser space-debris cleaning Alexander M Rubenchik1 , Michail P Fedoruk2,3 and Sergei K Turitsyn3,4 A ground-based laser system for space-debris cleaning: laser; self-focusing; space debris INTRODUCTION The proliferation of satellites in Earth orbit, which

Turitsyn, Sergei K.

81

[Comment on “A new interdisciplinary focus on precipitation research”] Precipitation research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I am writing concerning the lead article in the June 5, 1984, Eos, entitled “A new interdisciplinary focus on precipitation research,” particularly the paragraph headed “Measurement of Precipitation.” Measurement of precipitation is a subject of which I know a little. My knowledge comes largely from experimental work in the 1960s and 1970s and committee work subsequently (I even attended one meeting of the 1970 AGU committee). I imagined that, at that time and subsequently, it had become an acknowledged fact in the United States and elsewhere that measurements of precipitation are not easy to make.

Rodda, John C.

82

Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty at University of Wisconsin-Madison held a welfare reform conference in March 1997. Both the summary and full proceedings of the conference are available. Note that the summary is available in Focus. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was passed on August 22, 1996. The Act "changed the nation's welfare system into one that requires work in exchange for time-limited assistance."

83

wumrc.engin.umich.edu Research Focus Area  

E-print Network

, nurses, caregivers, patient focus groups, engineers and business professionals through education. Interdisciplinary Collaboration Education: Educate a new generation of innovators with advanced technical research to healthcare. Collaboration: Create multidisciplinary teams from the Engineering, Medical

Daly, Samantha

84

Perspectives on Communication and Participation in Research Notification Focus Groups.  

PubMed

Researchers are slowly acknowledging an ethical obligation to inform research participants about study findings. Research notification may help participants become aware of and manage potential health risks. Scholars and practitioners have acknowledged the need for better understanding of this process. This study investigates transcripts of focus groups conducted to gauge audience reactions to notification materials that communicate scientific research findings about occupational exposures. Focus groups are a useful way to tailor notification materials to audiences, but we caution that transmission models of communication used in risk research may obscure the full value of focus groups. The emphasis on translating scientific communication into "lay" language may overlook how scientists and lay audiences can work together to bridge differences in language, experiences, goals, and orientations toward health. This study demonstrates limitations in scientific risk communication that minimize participation in communicating science. The conclusion provides instructive insights for strengthening the process of communicating science. PMID:25296941

Zoller, Heather M; Fujishiro, Kaori; Mobley, Amy; Lehman, Everett

2014-10-01

85

Research Output from CPTC highlighted in recent articles  

Cancer.gov

Posted on December 07, 2010 In the special December issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, two articles focus directly on scientific outputs from CPTC. A Viewpoint article, authored by Participants of a Wellcome Trust/EBI meeting and retreat (Patterson

86

Focusing Case Study Research: Can We Reason Together?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subsequent to emphasizing the importance of historical case studies for gaining a fuller understanding of curriculum history, the paper discusses problems associated with historical case study research. Their analysis stresses the importance of scholars focusing on common research questions and utilizing similar methodology. Such cooperation is…

Baruch, Steven; Callaway, Rolland

87

Using Focus Groups to Teach Social Science Research Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary undergraduate courses in research methods are challenging to teach because of the wide scope of the subject matter, limited student contact hours and the complexity of supervising research projects undertaken by novices. Focus group assignments within class offer an interesting and enjoyable way for students to develop and apply…

Lindsay, Jo

2008-01-01

88

Research and Its Relationship to Nurse Education: Focus and Capacity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of two British mental health journals and a government document on the future of nursing found a lack of focus on clinical research and little reference to the role of research and development in practice. The increasing importance of evidence-based practice demands a strategy for developing nurses' capacity to understand, undertake,…

Newell, Robert

2002-01-01

89

An internationally focused synthesised marketing strategy underpinned by qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of the paper is to make explicit how qualitative research can enable senior marketers to formulate an internationally focused synthesised marketing strategy. A number of marketing research issues are highlighted including the need to track customer expectations; identify what customer value represents; and explain how scenario analysis and planning can be embraced in order to produce

Peter R. J. Trim; Yang-Im Lee

2006-01-01

90

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research  

E-print Network

FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Website: www and 5 awards annually ­ Range of study in women's health, defined broadly; 1 award may be specific to CV completing 3rd year- some flexibility · Funding for 6 months of mentored, intensive women's health research

Bushman, Frederic

91

Focus Canada 2010 Public opinion research on the record  

E-print Network

Focus Canada 2010 Public opinion research on the record Serving the public interest #12;The, foundations, governments, corporations, academic bodies) in Canada and abroad; (2) Partnering with media on the conduct and public dissemination of public opinion research in Canada. In all of its projects

Ellis, Randy

92

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature12966 Proof of principle for epitope-focused  

E-print Network

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature12966 Proof of principle for epitope-focused vaccine design Bruno E antibodies against vulnerable epitopes. Several major pathogens have resisted traditional vaccine development, although vulnerable epitopes targeted by neu- tralizing antibodies have been identified for several

Baker, David

93

ReseaRch aRticle 106 CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE VOLUME 65, NUMBER 3  

E-print Network

ReseaRch aRticle 106 CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE · VOLUME 65, NUMBER 3 dietary omega-3 fatty acids aid and Bruce D. Hammock This article focuses on the role of omega-3 fatty acids as precursors for lipid signaling molecules known as oxylipins. Although omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial in autoimmune disor

Hammock, Bruce D.

94

|Research Focus Plants talk, but are they deaf?  

E-print Network

|Research Focus Plants talk, but are they deaf? Marcel Dicke1 , Anurag A. Agrawal2 and Jan Bruin3 1 Population Biology, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 320, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands Plants- tiles that attract the enemies of the enemies of the plant. Whether downwind neighbouring plants `eaves

Agrawal, Anurag

95

RESEARCH Open Access Trans-cranial focused ultrasound without hair  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access Trans-cranial focused ultrasound without hair shaving: feasibility study made of human hair was sonicated using 220- and 710-kHz head transducers to evaluate the feasibility. Results showed that the hair had a negligible effect on focal spot thermal rise at 220 kHz and a 17% drop

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

Mental Models: A Research Focus for Interactive Learning Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of user-friendly computer systems focuses on the use of learners' mental models to help in the design of interactive learning systems. Topics addressed include interactivity; human factors research; human-computer interface issues; individual differences, including learning styles and prior experience; cognitive load; measuring mental…

Jih, Hueyching Janice; Reeves, Thomas Charles

1992-01-01

97

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter research focusing on the past 25 years  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reviews the history, evolution, and transition of the United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr.

Kent Pandolf (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine)

2011-12-01

98

New research findings on emotionally focused therapy: introduction to special section.  

PubMed

This article introduces the special section "New Research Findings on Emotionally Focused Therapy." Emotionally focused couple therapy researchers have a strong tradition of outcome and process research and this special section presents new findings from three recent studies. The first study furthers the goal of determining the kinds of clients for which EFT is effective (Denton, Wittenborn, & Golden, this issue) and the next two studies (Furrow, Edwards, Choi, & Bradley, this issue; Wittenborn, this issue) focus on the person of the therapist and provide some implications for EFT intervention and training. Together, these three studies provide valuable lessons on how to deepen our knowledge of the application of EFT for different populations and therapists. PMID:22765321

Johnson, Susan M; Wittenborn, Andrea K

2012-06-01

99

Articles Published in Six School Psychology Journals from 2005-2009: Where's the Intervention Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a content analysis of six school psychology journals spanning the years 2005-2009, with a particular focus on published intervention research. The analysis showed that (a) research articles were the most frequently published, with the largest category being descriptive research; (b) the percentage of intervention studies…

Villarreal, Victor; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; McCormick, Anita S.; Simek, Amber; Yoon, Hyunhee

2013-01-01

100

RESEARCH ARTICLE Landscape genetics of the Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris)  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Landscape genetics of the Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris) inferred from a strip at seven microsatellite loci for 19 Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris) populations in western Switzerland

Richner, Heinz

101

Forest Research The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission FR Science Focus  

E-print Network

and tree related research Our aim is to be a robust, market-relevant and flexible organisationForest Research The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission FR Science Focus 2011-16 Understanding forests and providing solutions for a sustainable future #12;Forest Research - Who we are Forest

102

Research Article Negative dielectrophoresis-based particle  

E-print Network

separation / Serpentine microchannel DOI 10.1002/elps.201000396 1 Introduction Dielectrophoresis (DEP particle separation in a serpentine microchannel using negative dielectrophoretic focusing and bouncing induced within the channel turns. 2 Materials and methods The serpentine microchannel was fabricated

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

103

Focusing biodiversity research on the needs of decision makers  

SciTech Connect

The project on Biodiversity Uncertainties and Research Needs (BURN) ensures the advancement of usable knowledge on biodiversity by obtaining input from decision makers on their priority information needs about biodiversity and then using this input to engage leading scientists in designing policy-relevant research. Decision makers had concerns about four issues: significance of biodiversity; status and trends of biodiversity; management for biodiversity; the linkage of social, cultural, economic, legal, and biological objectives. Leading scientists identified research required to address these needs and determined the probability of success. The diverse group of experts reached consensus on several fundamental issues, helping to clarify the role of biodiversity in land and resource management. Several features that should be incorporated into policy-relevant research plans and management strategies for biodiversity were identified: multidisciplinary and integrative, participatory with stakeholder involvement, hierarchical, and problem- and region-specific. Activities should be focused regionally within a global perspective. More specifically, the scientists recommended six priority research areas that should be pursued to address the information needs articulated by decision makers: (1) characterization of biodiversity, (2) environmental valuation, (3) management for sustainability-for humans and the environment (adaptive management), (4) information management strategies, (5) governance and stewardship issues, and (6) communication and outreach. Broad recommendations wee developed for each research area to provide direction for research planning and resource management strategies. The results will directly benefit those groups that require biodiversity research to address their needs-whether to develop policy, manage natural resources, or make other decisions affecting biodiversity. 11 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Smythe, K.D.; Bernabo, J.C.; Carter, T.B. [Science & Policy Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States); Jutro, P.R. [Enviornmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-11-01

104

A prebaccalaureate PhD option: shaping the future of research-focused doctoral education.  

PubMed

The future of PhD education in nursing is at a crossroads. Our current practice of primarily enrolling post-master's students with years of clinical experience is not producing an adequate number of graduates who are able to make significant and sustained contributions to nursing research. Therefore, it is timely to consider educational innovations that encourage a different population of students to consider doctoral research training. A prebaccalaureate or early-entry option to the PhD in nursing is a means toward this end. At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a select group of prenursing students and students beginning the nursing major are offered an early admission to PhD education. A key component of the Early Entry PhD Option is immediate and intensive research training with an established nurse faculty researcher. In this article, the authors describe the curriculum of a prebaccalaureate, research-focused doctoral option and its early results. PMID:22085211

Nehls, Nadine; Barber, Gale

2012-01-01

105

Sharpening the focus in EMF research. [Electric and Magnetic Fields  

SciTech Connect

Research results have yet to settle whether or not exposure to magnetic fields can adversely affect human health, but recent studies have provided strong pointers to several fertile areas of inquiry. EPRI is planning new studies that will dig deeper into the mysteries of these key focus areas, including questions about what wire code classifications really represent as indicators of residential magnetic field exposure and whether they are appropriate surrogates for actual exposure measurements. Other questions surround the hypothesis that magnetic fields could suppress production of the hormone melatonin, representing a possible mechanism of biological interaction. In addition to health studies, EPRI is continuing work in other parts of its comprehensive EMF research program, which includes identification of significant field sources and investigation of potential field management methods.

Moore, T. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1992-03-01

106

Ganando Confianza: Research Focus Groups with Immigrant Mexican Mothers  

PubMed Central

Immigrant families with children with developmental disabilities must be served using culturally sensitive approaches to service and research to maximize treatment benefits. In an effort to better understand cultural issues relevant to the provision of parenting programs for immigrant Mexican mothers of children with developmental disabilities, we conducted sustained focus groups through which we could learn more about our participants and thereby improve services. This paper reports on the challenges and lessons learned from these groups. We characterize the key lessons as (a) recruitment and retention is more than agreement to participate; (b) confidentiality is not just a word but an activity; (c) the complicated nature of language; (d) cultural norms shape the group process; (e) appreciating the value of taking time; and (f) gender issues and group interaction. Service providers and researchers who work with Mexican families may benefit from our experiences as they promote and develop programs and projects in the developmental disabilities field.

Hausmann-Stabile, Carolina; Zayas, Luis H.; Runes, Sandra; Abenis-Cintron, Anna; Calzada, Esther

2014-01-01

107

Air Force Research Laboratory's focused long term challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) mission is to provide support to the Air Force (AF) and the warfighters with an understanding of the science and technology that will form the foundation of future capabilities. AFRL has developed a strategic research and development process that translates the Department of Defense future capability needs into mid-term attributes, described in terms of technology achievements. Specific capabilities, like the delivery of a close-in sensing platform, require technologies from many different disciplines and require aligning priorities for nurturing and developing core competencies. AFRL's strategic vision is built upon the AF Science & Technology (S&T) Vision of Anticipate, Find, Fix, Track, Target, Engage, and Access - Anything, Anywhere, Anytime. In order to realize this vision, AFRL has developed Focused Long Term Challenges (FLTCs) that describe the AF problem space and constitute the AFRL long term S&T planning.

Rose, Leo J.

2008-04-01

108

Consent and Research Governance in Biobanks: Evidence from Focus Groups with Medical Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010–2011. The study highlights a range of issues

E. A. Whitley; N. Kanellopoulou; J. Kaye

2012-01-01

109

RESEARCH ARTICLE Movement behavior explains genetic differentiation  

E-print Network

-level, conditional logistic regression to predict landscape resistance for American black bear (Ursus americanus Connectivity Á Landscape genetics Á Black bear Á Ursus americanus Introduction Landscape genetic research

110

RESEARCH ARTICLE G. Bernardi A. Vagelli  

E-print Network

genetic variability in P. kauderni prevented a definitive conclusion. Further studies using larger sam). Such high gene flow is presumed to counteract population genetic drift and ultimately speciation (Scheltema and McCormick 2002). In-depth genetic studies have focused on only two of these species, the spiny

Bernardi, Giacomo

111

Research Article Harvest Regulations and Artificial  

E-print Network

Columbia, harvest regulations, horn growth, management strategies, Ovis canadensis, trophy hunting). Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) management is typically focused on harvest of males with horns that meet analyzed horn increment measures of males harvested over 28 yr (1975­2003) in 2 bighorn sheep (Ovis

Festa-Bianchet, Marco

112

Research Article The Enhancement of Visuospatial  

E-print Network

Meditation Maria Kozhevnikov,1 Olga Louchakova,2 Zoran Josipovic,3 and Michael A. Motes4 1 George Mason of Texas at Dallas ABSTRACT--This study examined the effects of meditation on mental imagery, evaluating meditation were divided into two groups according to their preferred meditation style: Deity Yoga (focused

113

FOREWORD: Focus on innovation in ceramics research in East Asia Focus on innovation in ceramics research in East Asia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ceramics, as broadly defined, include all materials other than organic substances and metals, either crystalline or amorphous. They have been used by humans since early history and have contributed considerably to improving the quality of our life. In most cases, however, high-temperature treatment is necessary to prepare ceramics. This burdens the environment and there is therefore a great need for new ceramics processing methods. Recent technologically advanced ceramics are often composed of nanocrystallites, which have great potential for innovation in terms of exploring practical applications of nanomaterials and, consequently, reducing the environmental load. The ceramics industry had long flourished in Asia, particularly in East Asia, and even today, this region is leading the development of related materials. In line with these traditions, Japanese and Korean ceramics societies have been co-sponsoring seminars on ceramics since the 1980s. Having become more international in scope and context, a series of these seminars is now known as the International Japan-Korea Seminar on Ceramics. This focus issue contains eight key articles presented at the 26th International Japan-Korea Seminar on Ceramics held on 24-26 November 2010 at the Tsukuba International Congress Center. In particular, Fabbri et al review electrode materials for protonic solid-oxide fuel cells, and Kamiya et al outline the present situation and future prospects for transparent transistors, particularly those based on amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O films. Eitel et al discuss the progress in engineering high-strain lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. Kim and Kumar review a simple processing method for producing porous ceramics using polysiloxane precursors, Kamiya and Iijima focus on surface modification and characterization of nanomaterials, and Wan et al briefly review the strategy of reducing lattice thermal conductivity of thermoelectric materials and propose new materials for thermoelectric devices. Aubert et al introduce a novel technique of synthesizing composite nanomaterials and Cross and coworkers characterize Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) ferroelectric thin films co-doped with Bi and Fe to enhance PZT capacitor ferroelectric properties. These articles are closely related to the global environmental load and energy issues that require solutions in modern ceramics technology. We hope that this focus issue will help advance not only ceramics-related but also other fields of materials science.

Kato, Akio; Hishita, Shunichi; Osada, Minoru; Haneda, Hajime

2010-10-01

114

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter Research Focusing on the Past 25 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) celebrated its 50th anniversary on July 1, 2011. This article reviews its history, evolution, and transition of its research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr. During the 1990s, USARIEM published a series of…

Pandolf, Kent B.; Francesconi, Ralph; Sawka, Michael N.; Cymerman, Allen; Hoyt, Reed W.; Young, Andrew J.; Zambraski, Edward J.

2011-01-01

115

Focusing the research agenda for simulation training visual system requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in the capabilities of the display-related technologies with potential uses in simulation training devices continue to occur at a rapid pace. Simultaneously, ongoing reductions in defense spending stimulate the services to push a higher proportion of training into ground-based simulators to reduce their operational costs. These two trends result in increased customer expectations and desires for more capable training devices, while the money available for these devices is decreasing. Thus, there exists an increasing need to improve the efficiency of the acquisition process and to increase the probability that users get the training devices they need at the lowest practical cost. In support of this need the IDEAS program was initiated in 2010 with the goal of improving display system requirements associated with unmet user needs and expectations and disrupted acquisitions. This paper describes a process of identifying, rating, and selecting the design parameters that should receive research attention. Analyses of existing requirements documents reveal that between 40 and 50 specific design parameters (i.e., resolution, contrast, luminance, field of view, frame rate, etc.) are typically called out for the acquisition of a simulation training display system. Obviously no research effort can address the effects of this many parameters. Thus, we developed a defensible strategy for focusing limited R&D resources on a fraction of these parameters. This strategy encompasses six criteria to identify the parameters most worthy of research attention. Examples based on display design parameters recommended by stakeholders are provided.

Lloyd, Charles J.

2014-06-01

116

F1000Research Article Status Summary  

E-print Network

-entorhinal system in behaving rats [v1; ref status: awaiting peer review, http://f1000r.es/37v] Kenji Mizuseki.4171 v1 Page 1 of 9 F1000Research 2014, 3:98 Last updated: 30 APR 2014 #12;F1000Research Kenji Mizuseki ( ), György Buzsáki ( )Corresponding authors: kenjim@alleninstitute.org Gyorgy.Buzsaki@nyumc.org Mizuseki K

Diba, Kamran

117

Translational toxicology: a developmental focus for integrated research strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Given that toxicology studies the potential adverse effects of environmental exposures on various forms of life and that clinical toxicology typically focuses on human health effects, what can and should the relatively new term of "translational toxicology" be taken to mean? Discussion Our assertion is that the core concept of translational toxicology must incorporate existing principles of toxicology and epidemiology, but be driven by the aim of developing safe and effective interventions beyond simple reduction or avoidance of exposure to prevent, mitigate or reverse adverse human health effects of exposures. The field of toxicology has now reached a point where advances in multiple areas of biomedical research and information technologies empower us to make fundamental transitions in directly impacting human health. Translational toxicology must encompass four action elements as follows: 1) Assessing human exposures in critical windows across the lifespan 2) Defining modes of action and relevance of data from animal models 3) Use of mathematical models to develop plausible predictions as the basis for 4) Protective and restorative human health interventions. The discussion focuses on the critical window of in-utero development. Summary Exposure assessment, basic toxicology and development of certain categories of mathematical models are not new areas of research; however overtly integrating these in order to conceive, assess and validate effective interventions to mitigate or reverse adverse effects of environmental exposures is our novel opportunity. This is what we should do in translational toxicology so that we have a portfolio of interventional options to improve human health that include both minimizing exposures and specific preventative/restorative/mitigative therapeutics. PMID:24079609

2013-01-01

118

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transferring functional annotations of membrane  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transferring functional annotations of membrane transporters to the hierarchical transporter classification (TC) system [5] adopted by the International Union of Biochemistry. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http

Kaski, Samuel

119

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access How 5000 independent rowers coordinate their  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access How 5000 independent rowers coordinate their strokes in order to row BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the te from unicellular gen- era, such as Chlamydomonas, to colonial genera, such as Eudorina

120

Structural Patterns in Empirical Research Articles: A Cross-Disciplinary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an analysis of the major generic structures of empirical research articles (RAs), with a particular focus on disciplinary variation and the relationship between the adjacent sections in the introductory and concluding parts. The findings were derived from a close "manual" analysis of 433 recent empirical RAs from high-impact…

Lin, Ling; Evans, Stephen

2012-01-01

121

Text-Organising Metatext in Research Articles: An English-Slovene Contrastive Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a contrastive analysis focusing on the differences in the use of two selected metatext categories, previews and reviews, in English and Slovene research articles. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the use of the selected metatext categories is more restricted in Slovene academic writing than in English academic…

Peterlin, A.P.

2005-01-01

122

RESEARCH ARTICLE Confronting collinearity: comparing methods  

E-print Network

of habitat loss and fragmentation Adam C. Smith � Nicola Koper � Charles M. Francis � Lenore Fahrig Received University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada e-mail: adam_c_smith@sympatico.ca N. Koper habitat A. C. Smith (&) Á L. Fahrig Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Research Laboratory, Carleton

123

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gaining insight into benzodiazepine prescribing  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gaining insight into benzodiazepine prescribing in General Practice of General Practice, has been compiling since 1993 in a network of 90 GPs working mainly in solo practices

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

124

Research Article Genomic organization of deer mouse (Peromyscus  

E-print Network

Research Article Genomic organization of deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) tumor necrosis factor (Peromyscus maniculatus) are the principal host species of SN virus and it is suspected that humans contract

Schountz, Tony

125

RESEARCH ARTICLE The origin of tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) populations  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE The origin of tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) populations in California to dramatically disrupt native communities. In central California, tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) have tiger salamander (A. californiense). Other populations of A. tigrinum, particularly in the northern

Shaffer, H. Bradley

126

RESEARCH ARTICLE Fluid dynamics of self-propelled microorganisms,  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Fluid dynamics of self-propelled microorganisms, from individuals to concentrated Introduction The fluid dynamics of fast, large self-propelled objects, ranging from krill to whales, mosquitoes

Cortez, Ricardo

127

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of the alligator snapping turtle: cytonuclear  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of the alligator snapping turtle: cytonuclear evidence Conservation genetics Introduction Many studies demonstrate the value of examining both nuclear DNA and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in assessing genetic structure for conservation management purposes. For example

Vermont, University of

128

RESEARCH ARTICLE A statistical downscaling scheme to improve global precipitation  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE A statistical downscaling scheme to improve global precipitation forecasting a statistical downscaling (SD) scheme suitable for global precipitation forecasting. The key idea of this SD indicates that current seasonal operational dynamical prediction has progressed significantly over past two

129

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparing human papillomavirus prevalences in  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparing human papillomavirus prevalences in women with normal: Mucosal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a necessary cause of cervical cancer. Vaccine and non implications for the prevention of cervical cancer. Keywords: Human papillomavirus, Genotype, Cervical cancer

130

Research article The relationship between acculturation preferences and prejudice: Longitudinal  

E-print Network

Research article The relationship between acculturation preferences and prejudice: Longitudinal the reciprocal effects of acculturation preferences and prejudice among ethnic minorities and majorities. Data on acculturation preferences but also the reverse for both majority and minority members. The mutual longitudinal

Royal Holloway, University of London

131

RESEARCH ARTICLES Global Epigenetic and Transcriptional Trends among Two Rice  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Global Epigenetic and Transcriptional Trends among Two Rice Subspecies histone modifications in transcribed regions. Differential epigenetic modifications correlated and epigenetic modifications in reciprocal hybrids were observed. Through analyses of single nucleotide

Deng, Xing-Wang

132

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gene bionetworks involved in the epigenetic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gene bionetworks involved in the epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of altered mate preference: environmental epigenetics and evolutionary biology Michael K Skinner1 the epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of an altered sperm epigenome and modified mate preference

Crews, David

133

Evaluation in the Art-Historical Research Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to isolate some of the aspects in which the evaluative language most typical of research articles produced within the discipline of art history differs from the evaluation prevalent in academic discourse in other fields. (Author/VWL)

Tucker, Paul

2003-01-01

134

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Relapse according to antipsychotic treatment  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Relapse according to antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenic patients of relapse as a function of antipsychotic treatment (monotherapy vs. polypharmacy) in schizophrenic patients-year period and antipsychotic treatment (monotherapy vs. polypharmacy). Results: Our sample consisted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

135

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Impaired neurogenesis, learning and memory  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Impaired neurogenesis, learning and memory and low seizure threshold, absent rostral migratory stream, and olfactory bulb hypoplasia. The phenotype can be partially rescued, as intracerebroventricular gene delivery of survivin during embryonic development increases olfactory bulb neurogenesis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation and genetics of the frosted flatwoods salamander  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation and genetics of the frosted flatwoods salamander (Ambystoma species Á Flatwoods Introduction Flatwoods salamanders (Ambystoma cingulatum and A. bishopi) are endemic. bishopi, occurs west of the Apalachicola- Flint Rivers, while the frosted flatwoods salamander, A

Grether, Gregory

137

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome analysis of intraspecific  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome analysis of intraspecific competition in Arabidopsis in Arabidopsis thaliana plants subjected to intraspecific competition. The leaf and root transcriptome competition in Arabidopsis. The outcome is a unique response that involves genes related to light, nutrient

Alvarez, Nadir

138

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Reductive evolution in Streptococcus agalactiae  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Reductive evolution in Streptococcus agalactiae and the emergence bottlenecks. The Gram positive bacteria Streptococcus agalactiae (also called GBS), responsible for septicemia evolutionary step marked by a higher frequency of large deletions. Keywords: Streptococcus agalactiae, Host

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

Research Article Survival, Demography, and Growth of Gopher  

E-print Network

Research Article Survival, Demography, and Growth of Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) from to evaluate survivorship, demography, and somatic growth of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). Green, where habitat conditions for gopher tortoises have improved despite a legacy of intense predation

Todd, Brian

140

RESEARCH ARTICLE Modeling population connectivity by ocean currents,  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Modeling population connectivity by ocean currents, a graph-theoretic approach species, population connectivity is determined largely by ocean currents transporting larvae and juveniles). Patterns in the dispersal graphs highlight pathways for larval dispersal along major ocean currents

Queensland, University of

141

RESEARCH ARTICLE Temporal evolution of atrazine and metolachlor concentrations  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Temporal evolution of atrazine and metolachlor concentrations exported in runoff Abstract Metolachlor and atrazine are herbicides used in corn agriculture and detected in surface evolution of dissolved metolachlor, atrazine and deethylatrazine concentrations in runoff and subsurface

Boyer, Edmond

142

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access International migration and caesarean birth: a  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access International migration and caesarean birth: a systematic review: Perinatal health disparities including disparities in caesarean births have been observed between migrant: a healthy immigrant effect, preference for a vaginal birth, a healthier lifestyle, younger mothers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JC009956  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JC009956 Impacts of nonbreaking wave-stirring-induced mixing on the upper ocean thermal structure and typhoon intensity in the South China Sea Yineng Li1, Shiqiu Peng1, Jia of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China, 2 NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research

144

Most cited articles and authors in global strategy research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reviews of global strategy research have documented a number of top contributors based on the number of their publications. However, no citation analysis has been conducted to ascertain the impact and influence of this research. In response, we have conducted the first ever citation analysis of 393 global strategy articles in nine leading journals published during the 1990s. Our

Mike W. Peng; Jessie Qi Zhou

2006-01-01

145

Inhalation Toxicology, 2009, 13, Early Online RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

Inhalation Toxicology, 2009, 1­3, Early Online RESEARCH ARTICLE Conference summary: International assessment, biomarkers of exposure, toxicology and animal study design, health outcomes measures/study design future research directions. In this issue of Inhalation Toxicology, we present the findings from each

146

Using Empirical Article Analysis to Assess Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing students who can apply their knowledge of empirical research is a key outcome of the undergraduate psychology major. This learning outcome was assessed in two research methods courses by having students read and analyze a condensed empirical journal article. At the start and end of the semester, students in multiple sections of an…

Bachiochi, Peter; Everton, Wendi; Evans, Melanie; Fugere, Madeleine; Escoto, Carlos; Letterman, Margaret; Leszczynski, Jennifer

2011-01-01

147

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013WR014258  

E-print Network

University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, 4 Climate Change Research Centre, UniversityRESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013WR014258 Assessing the impact of model spin-up on surface water-groundwater of convergence met- rics examined, percentage changes in monthly values of groundwater and unsaturated zone

Evans, Jason

148

QUATERNARY RESEARCH 46, 211218 (1996) ARTICLE NO. 0061  

E-print Network

QUATERNARY RESEARCH 46, 211­218 (1996) ARTICLE NO. 0061 Influence of Changing Atmospheric for Groundwater Research, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1 AND GLEN M. MACDONALD of changing climate. As we discuss below, the d18 Op recordsimulations using isotopic water tracers. 1996

Edwards, Thomas W.D.

149

Review Article: Recruiting Participants in End-of-Life Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great deal of time, attention, and funding has been dedicated to research concerned with improving care at the end of life. However, sizes of samples for such research are reduced by recruitment problems unique to end-of-life studies, which limits their power and generalizability. In this article, experiences are shared and suggestions are offered to increase recruitment using 4 recent

Karin T. Kirchhoff; Karen A. Kehl

2008-01-01

150

REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis  

E-print Network

REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera Keith S Delaplane1 polinización con Apis mellifera Resumen En este capítulo se presenta una síntesis de las recomendaciones para methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera. In V Dietemann; J D Ellis; P Neumann (Eds

Delaplane, Keith S.

151

Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Structures from a Functional Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the main lines of a genre analysis of the macro-structures of research articles (RAs) in applied linguistics, an area that deserves more attention both for pedagogic and research reasons. The analysis is based upon a detailed study of a corpus of 40 RAs, selected as random sets of 10 drawn from four leading journals in the…

Ruiying, Yang; Allison, Desmond

2004-01-01

152

Original article Experimental research in ageing holm oak  

E-print Network

Original article Experimental research in ageing holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) coppices: preliminary-term research programme aimed at determining the silvi- cultural choices for management of ageing holm oak and reprints E-mail: IATF@cesit l.unifi.it #12;1. INTRODUCTION In ancient times the holm oak was con- sidered

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

153

Research Focus Malaria: a peek at the var variorum  

E-print Network

to multiple var gene products during one infection does not necessarily confer immunity to future malaria family for the first time often com- plain that its complexity is a nightmare. A new article by Barry et. This important work, combined with other recent articles on var global variation such as that by Kraemer et al

Hartl, Daniel L.

154

Making a Difference with Experiential Education Research: Quality and Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do researchers make a difference with the research they conduct? Most people would like to think so. In this paper, the author argues that much of the research conducted by researchers is guided primarily by personal interests and needs and not because of professional needs or identified gaps in knowledge. The author also argues that experiential…

Sibthorp, Jim

2009-01-01

155

International retail research: focus, methodology and conceptual development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the development of research in international retailing over the last 20 years and propose a future research agenda within a conceptual framework. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews the development of the retail internationalisation literature. Findings – Explains how different research topics have emerged over the years and how researchers have

Nicholas Alexander; Anne Marie Doherty

2010-01-01

156

RESEARCH NOTES FROM COLLABORATIONS: How to focus a Cherenkov telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cherenkov telescopes image the Cherenkov emission from air showers. A priori, it is not obvious if the `best' images are achieved by measuring Cherenkov photon angles, i.e. focusing the telescope at infinity, or by considering the air shower as an object to be imaged, in which case one might focus the telescope on the central region of the shower. The issue is addressed using shower simulations.

Hofmann, W.

2001-04-01

157

Nursing education focus of nursing informatics research in 2013.  

PubMed

The Nursing Informatics Year in Review 2013 revealed an increase in publications associated with nursing education. Specifically, the articles addressed technology in nursing curricula, use of technology to teach nursing education, and use of technology to form collaborative relationships. In this article we present questions such as: how do these programs assist student nurses to transition to nurse providers where technology is infused into their work and workflow and what is the influence of the collaborative relationships with nurse educators, administrators, and informatics specialists increase patient safety and quality. PMID:24569767

Carrington, Jane M; Tiase, Victoria L; Estrada, Nicolette; Shea, Kimberly D

2014-01-01

158

“Focus groups in cyberspace”: using the Internet for qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of the Internet as a valuable methodological research tool is increasingly being recognised by both market researchers and academics. This paper contributes to the debate surrounding virtual synchronous group interviews and the value of online research. Specifically it introduces the use of a software conferencing technique – Hotline Connect – and discusses the implications of using the technique

Henrietta O’Connor; Clare Madge

2003-01-01

159

A Country in Focus: Foreign Language Learning and Teaching in Germany--A Review of Empirical Research Literature from 2005 to 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the empirical research literature on foreign language (FL) learning and teaching published between 2005 and 2010 in Germany. It focuses on the empirical studies that have attracted the greatest interest among researchers during this period of time. These include research on educational standards, teacher education, early FL…

Finkbeiner, Claudia; Olson, Agnes Madeleine; Friedrich, Jennifer

2013-01-01

160

This article was downloaded by:[Canadian Research Knowledge Network] [Canadian Research Knowledge Network  

E-print Network

This article was downloaded by:[Canadian Research Knowledge Network] [Canadian Research Knowledge Network] On: 17 May 2007 Access Details: [subscription number 770938029] Publisher: Taylor & Francis for an evolutionary reversal to a less social state To cite this Article: Agnarsson, I., Barrantes, G. and May

Agnarsson, Ingi

161

RESEARCH ARTICLES Pod Corn Is Caused by Rearrangement at the  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Pod Corn Is Caused by Rearrangement at the Tunicate1 Locus W OA Jong-Jin Han Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724 Pod corn (Zea mays var tunicata) was once regarded1 (Tu1) is a dominant pod corn mutation in which kernels are completely enclosed in leaflike glumes

Jackson, David

162

Research Article Decreased cell adhesion promotes angiogenesis in a  

E-print Network

Research Article Decreased cell adhesion promotes angiogenesis in a Pyk2-dependent manner Colette J-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2). While FAK signaling had some impact, our results suggested that Pyk2 can regulate adhesion contexts. We also demonstrate decreased sprouting of tissue explants from Pyk2-null mice

Chen, Christopher S.

163

Research Article DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY 27 : 746751 (2010)  

E-print Network

to stress and lower levels of anxiety.[7] Similarly, longitudinal studies show that biased attentionResearch Article DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY 27 : 746­751 (2010) ASSOCIATION OF THE SEROTONIN and anxiety symptoms (N5106) were genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR, including the single nucleotide polymorphism

Beevers, Christopher

164

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Neighbourhood deprivation and very preterm  

E-print Network

regions with different health systems. Methods: Live births (n=1118) from a population-based cohort in very preterm births rates exist in Europe (i.e. from 0.9% to 1.4% of total live births in FranceRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Neighbourhood deprivation and very preterm birth in an English

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of the alligator snapping turtle: cytonuclear  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of the alligator snapping turtle: cytonuclear evidence A previous mtDNA study indicated that female- mediated gene flow was extremely rare among alligator snapping of reciprocal mtDNA monophyly and high levels of microsatellite DNA divergence. Keywords Alligator snapping

Roman, Joe

166

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) polyubiquitin  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) polyubiquitin gene (PvUbi1 and Pv in plants. Therefore, two switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) ubiquitin genes (PvUbi1 and PvUbi2) were cloned dur- ing saccharification) or to increase biomass yields [1-4]. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a C

Parrott, Wayne

167

Research Article Impacts of data quantity on fisheries stock assessment  

E-print Network

Research Article Impacts of data quantity on fisheries stock assessment Yong Chen1, *, Liqiao Chen2 fishery as an example, we demon- strate the importance of data quantity in stock assessment and management. Deficiency in data quantity tends to yield biased assessment of the status of fisheries stock and increase

Chen, Yong

168

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nuclear Integrations of Mitochondrial DNA in Gorillas  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nuclear Integrations of Mitochondrial DNA in Gorillas MICHAEL I. JENSEN-SEAMAN1n sequences in gorillas show deep splits within West African gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), and very high-loop haplotypes from West African gorillas are in all likelihood nuclear integrations of mitochondrial DNA

Kidd, Kenneth

169

American Journal of Primatology 73:632642 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

American Journal of Primatology 73:632­642 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE Effects of Anthropogenic 3 Department of Biology and Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina and contamination may directly affect the survival of endangered host populations by reducing physical fitness

Yoder, Anne

170

American Journal of Primatology 73:10511061 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

American Journal of Primatology 73:1051­1061 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE Within-Group Social Bonds AND MARILYN A. NORCONK Department of Anthropology and School of Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University, Ohio White-faced saki monkeys (Pithecia pithecia) lack most of the behavioral and physical traits

Norconk, Marilyn A.

171

RESEARCH ARTICLE J. H. Stillman F. H. Barnwell  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE J. H. Stillman Ã? F. H. Barnwell Relationship of daily and circatidal activity persistent tidal rhythms approximating the mean 12.42-h period of the local semidiurnal tides (Barnwell 1966 semilunar cycle of spring and neap tides (Barnwell 1966, 1968). The laboratory findings closely reflected

Stillman, Jonathon

172

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular apocrine breast cancers are aggressive  

E-print Network

apocrine, estrogen receptor, HER2, GCDFP15, triple negative, basal- like Introduction Breast cancer are estrogen receptor (ER) negative breast cancers characterized by androgen receptor (AR) expression. WeRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular apocrine breast cancers are aggressive estrogen receptor

Boyer, Edmond

173

RESEARCH ARTICLE Active canopy sensor-based precision N management  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Active canopy sensor-based precision N management strategy for rice Yinkun Yao an active canopy sensor-based precision N management strategy for rice in Northeast China. Four site. The GreenSeeker active sensor was used to collect rice canopy reflectance data at different growth stages

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Potential immunomodulatory effects of latent  

E-print Network

effects on the human organism. Modified reactivity of the immune system has been suggested to play a keyRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Potential immunomodulatory effects of latent toxoplasmosis in humans probability of the birth of male offspring observed in Toxoplasma-positive humans and mice by the protection

Flegr, Jaroslav

175

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access School closures during the 2009 influenza  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access School closures during the 2009 influenza pandemic: national and local: School closure is a non-pharmaceutical intervention that was considered in many national pandemic plans closures in several countries during the A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic. Our intention is not to make a systematic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility as a source: the last extant lake sturgeon population in the Ohio River drainage. The White River population exhibited slightly lower levels of genetic diversity than other lake sturgeon populations. However, the population

Latch, Emily K.

177

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetics and conservation of the threatened  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetics and conservation of the threatened southeastern beach diversity within the southeastern beach mouse (SEBM-Peromyscus pol- ionotus niveiventris) and also tested be independent targets of management and conservation attention. Keywords Biogeography Á Endangered species Á

Parkinson, Christopher L.

178

RESEARCH ARTICLE A model for improving microbial biofuel production using  

E-print Network

. In addition, a feed forward loop controller is shown to be versatile at dealing with uncertainty in biofuelRESEARCH ARTICLE A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop be compared. We propose a model for microbial biofuel production where a synthetic control system is used

Dunlop, Mary

179

Research Article Landscape Analysis of Bobcat Habitat in the Northern  

E-print Network

Research Article Landscape Analysis of Bobcat Habitat in the Northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan ABSTRACT Controversy over bobcat (Lynx rufus) management in the northern Lower Peninsula of Michigan (NLP), USA, stimulated a need for information on the distribution of Michigan bobcats. From March 2003

Gehring, Thomas M.

180

RESEARCH ARTICLE Pilot Morpholino Screen in Xenopus tropicalis  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Pilot Morpholino Screen in Xenopus tropicalis Identifies a Novel Gene Involved. tropicalis has recently been adopted as a model genetic system, but loss-of-function screens in Xenopus have based on an expression screen previously conducted in X. laevis. Reproducible phenotypes were observed

Amaya, Enrique

181

RESEARCH ARTICLE R. C. Miall J. K. Jackson  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE R. C. Miall Ã? J. K. Jackson Adaptation to visual feedback delays in manual visual feed- back during a manual tracking task, testing the nature of the adapted responses onto visual feedback in a human manual tracking task immediately causes increased performance errors

Miall, Chris

182

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome of the adult female malaria  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome of the adult female malaria mosquito vector Anopheles-Cerón9 , Salvador Hernández-Martínez1 and Mario H Rodríguez López1 Abstract Background: Human Malaria species from different branches of the mosquito evolutionary tree transmit malaria, suggesting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

183

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Validity and reproducibility of the Physical  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Validity and reproducibility of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire for the measurement of the physical activity level in patients after total the physical activity level of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is of particular concern

Boyer, Edmond

184

Research article Measuring natural selection on proportional traits  

E-print Network

Research article Measuring natural selection on proportional traits: comparisons of three types: I. Olivieri Abstract. To compare the strength of natural selection on different traits a useful tool for studying natural selection on proportional traits, because by definition they measure how

Stinchcombe, John

185

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Human papillomavirus detection in moroccan  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Human papillomavirus detection in moroccan patients papillomavirus (HPV) and NPC. Method: Seventy Moroccan patients with NPC were screened for EBV and HPV. EBV with the EBV, and interest in human papillomavirus (HPV) as a cofactor in NPC occurrences has emerged over

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

RESEARCH ARTICLE Single mating in orchid bees (Euglossa, Apinae): implications  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Single mating in orchid bees (Euglossa, Apinae): implications for mate choice Birkha¨user Verlag, Basel/Switzerland 2009 Abstract Neotropical orchid bees (Euglossini) are con of acquired odors (fragrances) as pheromone-analogues. In both contexts, orchid bee mating systems

Eltz, Thomas

187

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolution of Cranial Shape in Caecilians (Amphibia  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolution of Cranial Shape in Caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) Emma Sherratt of morphological variation in the skull of caecilian amphibians, a major clade of verte- brates. Because caecilians cor- respond to the main caecilian clades, and each cluster is separated by unoccupied morphospace

Klingenberg, Christian Peter

188

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Celiac disease in the Mediterranean area  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Celiac disease in the Mediterranean area Francesca Tucci1 , Luca features and diagnostic facilities in 16 countries of the Mediterranean basin. Since a new ESPGHAN. Conclusions: This cross-sectional study of CD in the Mediterranean referral centers offers a puzzling picture

Boyer, Edmond

189

RESEARCH ARTICLE Bioprotection and alternative fertilisation of petunia  

E-print Network

on crops and the harmful side effects of chemical inputs in agriculture on human health and soilRESEARCH ARTICLE Bioprotection and alternative fertilisation of petunia using mycorrhiza and pesticides. Here, we report studies of the interaction between Petunia hybrida and the AM fungus Glomus mos

Boyer, Edmond

190

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Epigenetic domains found in mouse embryonic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Epigenetic domains found in mouse embryonic stem cells via a hidden Markov model Jessica L Larson1 , Guo-Cheng Yuan1,2* Abstract Background: Epigenetics is an important shown significant epigenetic patterns associated with developmental stages and diseases. However

Yuan, Guo-Cheng "GC"

191

RESEARCH ARTICLE Connectivity and gene flow among Eastern Tiger Salamander  

E-print Network

tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) in New York and New Jersey are at the northern edge of the species diversity in tiger salamander populations at the northern extent of their range, we found that populationsRESEARCH ARTICLE Connectivity and gene flow among Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum

Zamudio, Kelly R.

192

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Bayesian mapping of pulmonary tuberculosis in  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Bayesian mapping of pulmonary tuberculosis in Antananarivo, Madagascar Bicout2 Abstract Background: Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endemic in Madagascar. The capital, Antananarivo is the most seriously affected area. TB had

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from patients with tuberculosis in Honduras Senia Rosales1,2,3* , Lelany Pineda-García1 , Solomon Ghebremichael3,4 , Nalin Rastogi5 , Sven E Hoffner3,4 Abstract Background: Tuberculosis persists as a public health problem

Boyer, Edmond

194

RESEARCH ARTICLE Cellular processes underlying maturation of P19 neurons  

E-print Network

cultures exhibiting rapid maturation and accelerated neurite out- growth. The protein expression levelsRESEARCH ARTICLE Cellular processes underlying maturation of P19 neurons: Changes in protein of neu- ronal maturation. These measures include the acquisition of NT phenotype, synapse formation

Linial, Michal

195

RESEARCH ARTICLES Embryo and Endosperm Inherit Distinct Chromatin and  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Embryo and Endosperm Inherit Distinct Chromatin and Transcriptional States from that RNA POLYMERASE II is less active in the embryo than in the endosperm. This dimorphic pattern cell versus the central cell. Thus, distinct epigenetic and transcriptional patterns in the embryo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

196

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access BLProt: prediction of bioluminescent proteins  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access BLProt: prediction of bioluminescent proteins based on support vector Hazrati2,4 , Kai-Uwe Kalies5 and Thomas Martinetz1 Abstract Background: Bioluminescence is a process insects, plants, fungi etc, also emit light. The biotechnological application of bioluminescence has

197

RESEARCH ARTICLE Rounding of pumice clasts during transport  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Rounding of pumice clasts during transport: field measurements and laboratory­particle interactions. We consider, as examples, pumice from four volcanoes: Medicine Lake, California; Lassen clasts (Taupo) become the most round. Crystal-rich pumice abrades more slowly than crystal-free pumice

Manga, Michael

198

RESEARCH ARTICLE Matthew W. Bettridge Barton L. Smith  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Matthew W. Bettridge Ã? Barton L. Smith Robert E. Spall Aerodynamic jet steering of the suction flow is entrained. Vectoring with multiple suction and blowing slots was reported by Smith et al was investigated experimentally by Smith and Glezer (2002) and numerically by Guo et al. (2002, 2003). Synthetic

Smith, Barton L.

199

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Seroprevalence of measles and natural rubella  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Seroprevalence of measles and natural rubella antibodies among vaccination status. A secondary objective was to describe the presence of rubella- specific IgG antibody prevalence of rubella-specific IgG was 55.4%, with a high prevalence (87.4%) among children over 10 years

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

Research Article Interpreting Resource Selection at Different Scales  

E-print Network

woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) and 5 wolf (Canis lupus) packs to model resource selectionResearch Article Interpreting Resource Selection at Different Scales for Woodland Caribou in Winter by individual caribou in the winter and late-winter seasons. We evaluated the influence of spatial scale

Gillingham, Michael

201

RESEARCH ARTICLE Recovery of Greater Sage-Grouse Habitat Features  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Recovery of Greater Sage-Grouse Habitat Features in Wyoming Big Sagebrush of prescribed fire to enhance habitat features for Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) in Wyoming evaluated recovery of habitat features important to wintering, nesting, and early brood-rearing Sage-Grouse

Beck, Jeffrey L.

202

Smith & Telang/Competing with Free RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

Smith & Telang/Competing with Free RESEARCH ARTICLE COMPETING WITH FREE: THE IMPACT OF MOVIE BROADCASTS ON DVD SALES AND INTERNET PIRACY 1 By: Michael D. Smith H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy. 321-338/June 2009 321 #12;Smith & Telang/Competing with Free Introduction "We can't compete with free

Sadeh, Norman M.

203

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The dynamics of vertebrate homeobox gene  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The dynamics of vertebrate homeobox gene evolution: gain and loss of genes in mouse and human lineages Ying-fu Zhong and Peter WH Holland* Abstract Background: Homeobox genes are a large and diverse group of genes, many of which play important roles in transcriptional

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

204

American Journal of Primatology 75:107115 (2013) RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

American Journal of Primatology 75:107­115 (2013) RESEARCH ARTICLE The Association of Intergroup-Faced Capuchins (Cebus capucinus) VAL ´ERIE A. M. SCHOOF AND KATHARINE M. JACK Department of Anthropology, Tulane associated with variation in the perceived threats of IGEs according to dominance status. Future studies

Jack, Katharine M.

205

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Large kidneys predict poor renal outcome  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Large kidneys predict poor renal outcome in subjects with diabetes and chronic kidney disease Vincent Rigalleau1* , Magalie Garcia1 , Catherine Lasseur2 , François Laurent3 early in diabetic nephropathy, its later value is unknown. Do large kidneys still predict poor outcome

Boyer, Edmond

206

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014GC005239  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014GC005239 Sub-slab anisotropy beneath the Sumatra and circum splitting measurements for the Central America, Alaska-Aleutians, Sumatra, Ryukyu, and Izu the Izu-Bonin, Japan, and southern Kurile slabs and part of the Sumatra system, while fast directions

207

Research article Habitat exploration in butterflies an outdoor cage  

E-print Network

Research article Habitat exploration in butterflies ­ an outdoor cage experiment ULF NORBERG long shady part of unsuitable habitat that the butterflies had to fly through to move between moved at lower rates. The distribution of these butterflies differ from widespread to local- ized

Leimar, Olof

208

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Electro-acupuncture on functional peripheral  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Electro-acupuncture on functional peripheral nerve regeneration in the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of electro-acupuncture was untreated while the experimental group received an electro-acupuncture application to the injured limb under

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

RESEARCH ARTICLES Maize Centromeres: Organization and Functional Adaptation  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Maize Centromeres: Organization and Functional Adaptation in the Genetic maize (Zea mays) centromeres using oat (Avena sativa)-maize chromosome addition lines. The maize and organization of centromeric DNA of individual maize chromosomes. We demonstrate that the cores of maize

210

RESEARCH ARTICLE Compositional gradients surrounding spherulites in obsidian  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Compositional gradients surrounding spherulites in obsidian and their relationship, Ba, and Be were measured in and around spherulites in obsidian from a 4.7±1 km3 rhyolite lava dome with the relatively large volume of the dome. Keywords Obsidian . Spherulite . Tequila volcano . Diffusion

Watkins, Jim

211

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System  

E-print Network

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System Backpack Transmitter for Wild Turkey inac- curate due to triangulation error. However, new technology, such as Global Positioning Systems telemetric methods. Ã? 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS Global Positioning System, habitat selection

Butler, Matthew J.

212

2981DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

2981DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Neurons must be generated the balance between self-renewing neural stem cells and their differentiated progeny. Stem cells can divide, neuroepithelial cells initially divide symmetrically to expand the stem cell pool. Later in development

Brand, Andrea

213

3753DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

3753DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Rodent incisors provide a remarkable example of the requirement, shared by many organs, for continuous production of progeny from stem cells; these specialized teeth grow throughout life by virtue of the existence of pools of adult stem cells that generate

Klein, Ophir

214

Inhalation Toxicology, 2010; 22(02): 113116 RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

of the more ven- erable health communication models, the Stages of Change or Transtheoretical Model (Table 1 enduring communication models, the Health Belief Model and the Stages of Change or Transtheoretical ModelInhalation Toxicology, 2010; 22(02): 113­116 RESEARCH ARTICLE Public communication in unplanned

215

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Context-dependent codon partition models  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Context-dependent codon partition models provide significant increases is often hampered by the computational burdens associated with full codon models. Lately, codon partition models have been proposed as a viable alternative, mimicking the substitution behaviour of codon models

Gent, Universiteit

216

RESEARCH ARTICLE Links between multisensory processing and autism  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Links between multisensory processing and autism Sarah E. Donohue · Elise F Abstract Autism spectrum disorder is typically associ- ated with social deficits and is often specifically suggested that children with autism might also have deficits in basic perceptual abilities including

Mitroff, Stephen

217

RESEARCH ARTICLE Shared and Idiosyncratic Cortical Activation Patterns in Autism  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Shared and Idiosyncratic Cortical Activation Patterns in Autism Revealed Under been documented in individuals with autism, the functional implications of these alterations remain activity in adults with autism during free-viewing of a popular audio­visual movie. Whereas these complex

Hasson, Uri

218

Research Article Microbial Community Structures of Novel Icelandic Hot  

E-print Network

microbial biomass and diversity when compared to thermophilic (*60°C) springs. Ordination anal- ysis with pH. Key Words: Microbial diversity--PhyloChip G3--Acidophilic--Thermophilic--Hot springsResearch Article Microbial Community Structures of Novel Icelandic Hot Spring Systems Revealed

Low, Steven H.

219

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differential responses of the mosquito Aedes  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differential responses of the mosquito Aedes albopictus from this variant is associated with adverse effects impacting some mosquito life-history traits such as survival and reproduction. Results: We performed experimental infections using three mosquito strains of Ae. aegypti Mayotte

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

RESEARCH ARTICLE Ontogeny of feeding behavior and cranial morphology  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Ontogeny of feeding behavior and cranial morphology in the whitespotted development of the feeding apparatus over early ontogeny can profoundly affect the ability of an organism a strike decreased over ontogeny and the feeding modality became more suction-dominated. Kinematic

Motta, Philip J.

221

Research Article Heparin II domain of fibronectin mediates contractility through  

E-print Network

Research Article Heparin II domain of fibronectin mediates contractility through an 41 co the Heparin II (HepII) domain of fibronectin is believed to control the movement of aqueous humor and dictate. Keywords: Actin cytoskeleton Contractility Integrins Heparin II domain Trabecular meshwork Introduction

Turner, Monica G.

222

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative transcriptomics of drought  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative transcriptomics of drought responses in Populus: a meta-analysis but was found to be general in root apices. Comparing our results to what is known in arabidopsis, we found of genome-wide expression profiling in mature leaves and root apices across two genotypes David Cohen1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative genomics of the dairy isolate  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative genomics of the dairy isolate Streptococcus macedonicus ACA-DC 198 against related members of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex,9,10,11 and Effie Tsakalidou1 Abstract Background: Within the genus Streptococcus, only Streptococcus thermophilus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

224

Research Article Multiscale Habitat Selection by Burrowing Owls in Black-  

E-print Network

Research Article Multiscale Habitat Selection by Burrowing Owls in Black- Tailed Prairie Dog by habitat quality. To this end, we measured spatial patterns of burrowing owl breeding habitat selection burrow-, site-, colony-, and landscape-scale habitat parameters between burrowing owl nest burrows (n

Conway, Courtney J.

225

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Survival advantages conferred to colon cancer  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Survival advantages conferred to colon cancer cells by E Klinck5 , François A Auger4 and Jacques Huot1* Abstract Background: Extravasation of circulating cancer cells is a key event of metastatic dissemination that is initiated by the adhesion of cancer cells

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

RESEARCH ARTICLE Phosphorylation of Rat Aquaporin-4 at Ser111  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Phosphorylation of Rat Aquaporin-4 at Ser111 Is Not Required for Channel Gating gating of the channel itself. Protein kinase (PK)-dependent phosphorylation of Ser111 has been reported, questioned based on the crystal structure of the human AQP4. Our study aimed to resolve if Ser111 was indeed

de Groot, Bert

227

RESEARCH ARTICLE Travel distance estimation from visual motion by leaky  

E-print Network

/ Published online: 13 January 2007 Ã? Springer-Verlag 2007 Abstract Visual motion can be a cue to travel disRESEARCH ARTICLE Travel distance estimation from visual motion by leaky path integration Markus: experiments by Frenz and Lappe had suggested a general under- estimation of travel distance, while results

Harris, Laurence R.

228

Research Article Range and Habitat Selection of African Buffalo  

E-print Network

found that buffalo selected areas within 1 km of water sources, and an isopleth analysis using the new a comparison of buffalo response to water availability in a smaller reserve and important informationResearch Article Range and Habitat Selection of African Buffalo in South Africa SADIE J. RYAN,1

Getz, Wayne M.

229

RESEARCH ARTICLE MicroCT for Molecular Imaging: Quantitative  

E-print Network

a RESEARCH ARTICLE MicroCT for Molecular Imaging: Quantitative Visualization of Complete Three resolutions based on combining a metal-based immunodetection scheme with x-ray microtomography (microCT readily available reagents, and is demonstrated here with microCT visu- alizations of acetylated a

Müller, Gerd B.

230

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Meat consumption and mortality -results from  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Background: Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat was to examine the association of red meat, processed meat, and poultry consumption with the risk of early death

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access MicroRNAs in metamorphic and  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access MicroRNAs in metamorphic and non-metamorphic transitions two miRNA libraries, one of the penultimate, pre-metamorphic nymphal instar (N5) and the other of the last, metamorphic nymphal instar (N6). Results: High throughput sequencing gave 61 canonical mi

Belles, Xavier

232

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Histamine is a modulator of metamorphic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Histamine is a modulator of metamorphic competence Wessel2 , Mariana Leguia2,3 and Andreas Heyland1* Abstract Background: A metamorphic life. Metamorphic competence (the stage at which a larva is capable to undergo the metamorphic transformation

Wessel, Gary M.

233

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Breast cancer care compared with clinical  

E-print Network

these factors is not well known. In two French regions, we measured compliance with Clinical Practice Guidelines). Results: 926 women were included. Non-compliance with clinical decisions for treatment was associatedRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Breast cancer care compared with clinical Guidelines: an observational

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

Research Article Insight into the Binding Mode for  

E-print Network

Research Article Insight into the Binding Mode for Cyclopentapeptide Antagonists of the CXCR4@pcg.wustl.edu The finding that the chemokine receptor CXCR4 is involved in T-cell HIV entry has encouraged the development of antiretroviral drugs targeting this receptor. Additional evidence that CXCR4 plays a crucial role in both

Marshall, Garland R.

235

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of snowy plovers (Charadrius  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of snowy plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) in the Western (Charadrius alexandrinus) in North America, the Caribbean, and the west coast of South America to quantify the continental U.S. Our results suggest that snowy plovers in Florida should be considered part of C. a. nivosus

Funk, W. Chris

236

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Joint modeling of success and treatment  

E-print Network

: As discontinuation in in vitro fertilization (IVF) programs has been associated with a poor prognosis, one hypothesis. Background Discontinuation of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment is common, whatever the technicalRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Joint modeling of success and treatment discontinuation in in vitro

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

RESEARCH ARTICLE In Vitro Culture of Embryos of the Guppy,  

E-print Network

to asynchronous fertilization. We have cultured explanted embryos in vitro and continuously observedRESEARCH ARTICLE In Vitro Culture of Embryos of the Guppy, Poecilia reticulata Ulrike Martyn their development. Although embryos explanted a few days after fertilization survived up to 4 weeks in culture

Weigel, Detlef

238

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access In Vitro fertilization failure of normozoospermic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access In Vitro fertilization failure of normozoospermic men: search to the WHO guidelines (WHO 1999) but a total in vitro fertilization failure with absence of sperm fixation-oocyte interaction during in vivo fertilization, in rodents. Disruption of the tACE in mice has revealed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013JC009425  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013JC009425 Seasonality and long-term trend of Arctic Ocean surface of Arctic Ocean surface stress over the years 1979­2012. Spring and fall feature optimal ice conditions the Arctic Ocean from direct interaction with the atmosphere and potentially damps internal waves [Morison et

Zhang, Jinlun

240

Research article The evolution of reversed sexual size dimorphism  

E-print Network

Research article The evolution of reversed sexual size dimorphism in hawks, falcons and owls than males) in hawks, falcons and owls, but no consensus has been reached. I performed comparative as a precursor of changes in hunting strategy but as a consequence of high reproduction. The falcons showed

Krüger, Oliver

241

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Predictors of Chikungunya rheumatism: a  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Predictors of Chikungunya rheumatism: a prognostic survey ancillary of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) rheumatism (CHIK-R). Little is known on their prognostic factors. The aim is properly cited. #12;Introduction Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an enveloped RNA posi- tive-strand alphavirus

242

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Perceived morbidity and community burden  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Perceived morbidity and community burden after a Chikungunya outbreak of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection, especially incapacitating polyarthralgia and fatigue. So far, little after an outbreak of Chikungunya virus, we implemented the TELECHIK survey; a retrospective cohort study

243

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Chronic pain associated with the Chikungunya  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Chronic pain associated with the Chikungunya Fever: long lasting Dallel3 , Didier Bouhassira1* Abstract Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is responsible for majorL and more challenging pharmacological treatment. Background Chikungunya fever is a viral disease caused

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

First-Year Students Benefit from Reading Primary Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary research articles discuss aspects of scientific inquiry that are important in understanding the nature of science. Yet, most introductory science courses use textbooks that ignore the scientific process; opportunities for explicit discussion of the nature of science are lost. In Hampshire College's science program, students read current…

Wenk, Laura; Tronsky, Loel

2011-01-01

245

RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Pressures on Apicoplast Transit Peptides  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Pressures on Apicoplast Transit Peptides Stuart A. Ralph,*1 Bernardo leaders of P. falciparum, the so-called transit peptide, indicates similarities to plant transit peptides, although the amino acid composition of P. falciparum transit peptides shows a strong bias, which we

McFadden, Geoff

246

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Occupational exposure to asbestos and lung  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Occupational exposure to asbestos and lung cancer in men: evidence consistently demonstrated that workplace exposure to it increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Few of lung cancer, and 2,053 controls recruited from 8 Canadian provinces between 1994 and 1997. Self

Boyer, Edmond

247

RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic clustering methods reveal bull trout (Salvelinus  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic clustering methods reveal bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) fine, with subsequent post hoc approaches used to define units of conservation. In this study of bull trout from Salmonid Á Population structure Á Genetic clustering Á Units of conservation Á Migration Á Bull trout

Taylor, Eric B. "Rick"

248

RESEARCH ARTICLE Benefits of organic residues and chemical fertilizer  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Benefits of organic residues and chemical fertilizer to productivity of rain may improve the efficiency of fertilizer use, on-farm residues, for example farmyard manure (FYM of fertilizer use at four sites. Rice yield without fertilizer but with addition of residues ranged from 1

van Kessel, Chris

249

RESEARCH ARTICLE Uncloaking a cryptic, threatened rail with molecular markers  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Uncloaking a cryptic, threatened rail with molecular markers: origins Black Rail lives under dense marsh vegetation, is rarely observed, flies weakly and has a highly disjunct distribution. The largest population of rails is found in 8­10 large wetlands in San Francisco Bay

Beissinger, Steven R.

250

Original Research Article Stature and Sexual Stature Dimorphism in Sweden,  

E-print Network

Original Research Article Stature and Sexual Stature Dimorphism in Sweden, from the 10th to the End Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden 2 Department of Palaeozoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, S-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden ABSTRACT Mean stature in a population has

Lindenfors, Patrik

251

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Intrasexual competition facilitates the evolution  

E-print Network

[5,6], birds [7-9], fish [10,11] and mar- ine isopods [12], large and/or colourful malesRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Intrasexual competition facilitates the evolution of alternative mating strategies in a colour polymorphic fish Jorge L Hurtado-Gonzales1* , J Albert C Uy2 Abstract

Sorenson, Michael

252

RESEARCH ARTICLE The 2005 eruption of Sierra Negra volcano,  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE The 2005 eruption of Sierra Negra volcano, Galápagos, Ecuador Dennis J. Geist.6 earthquake and ~84 cm of uplift on 16 April 2005. The main products of the eruption were an `a`a flow-01-2759, Ecuador #12;observed and monitored by volcanologists equipped with instrumental and petrological tools (e

253

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolution of the turbulent/non-turbulent interface  

E-print Network

. The evolution of the rate of entrainment also confirms the creation and growth of the jump in the meanRESEARCH ARTICLE Evolution of the turbulent/non-turbulent interface of an axisymmetric turbulent; and Anand and Bo- ersma in Exp Fluids 47:995­1007, 2009). The evolution of the turbulence characteristics

Marusic, Ivan

254

ESP 178 Applied Research Methods Notes on Experiment Articles  

E-print Network

ESP 178 Applied Research Methods Notes on Experiment Articles Staats, Harland, and Wilke 1. Type of experiment: Non-equivalent control group design ­ no randomization of treatment and control groups; one iffy. Werner 1. Type of experiment: Non-experiment ­ no randomization of groups, posttest only. 2

Handy, Susan L.

255

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Chronology of prescribing error during the  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Chronology of prescribing error during the hospital stay in the hospital setting and pharmacists play an important role in detection of these errors. The objectives and modelled the errors rate according to the chronology of hospital stay. We performed a classification

Boyer, Edmond

256

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genetic analysis of safflower domestication  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genetic analysis of safflower domestication Stephanie A Pearl1 Background: Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is an oilseed crop in the Compositae (a.k.a. Asteraceae architecture of safflower domestication and compare our findings to those from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L

Burke, John M.

257

RESEARCH ARTICLE M. Y. Villeneuve M. Ptito C. Casanova  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE M. Y. Villeneuve � M. Ptito � C. Casanova Global motion integration in the postero) reported that PMLS neurons cannot signal the veridical motion of a plaid pattern, a stimulus M. Y. Villeneuve � M. Ptito � C. Casanova (&) Laboratoire des Neurosciences de la Vision, E´ cole d'optome´ trie

Casanova, Christian

258

RESEARCH ARTICLE Convective flow increases lipoplex delivery rate  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Convective flow increases lipoplex delivery rate to in vitro cellular monolayers and solved numerically. Instantaneous lipoplex delivery rate and total lipoplex surface delivery during a 72 delivery was increased by more than nine-fold at 2.3 dyn/cm2 compared to the static case as assessed

259

ESP 178 Applied Research Methods Notes on Sampling from Articles  

E-print Network

ESP 178 Applied Research Methods Notes on Sampling from Articles Werner Unit of analysis Method: "probability sampling frame" from commercial source ­ includes listed and unlisted numbers ­ disproportionate stratified sampling. Note: OK for comparing groups, but put them together and not representative

Handy, Susan L.

260

RESEARCH ARTICLE An oscillatory correlation model of auditory streaming  

E-print Network

and how to relate shifting syn- chronization to auditory attention. Keywords Auditory streaming ÁRESEARCH ARTICLE An oscillatory correlation model of auditory streaming DeLiang Wang � Peter Chang Science+Business Media B.V. 2008 Abstract We present a neurocomputational model for auditory streaming

Wang, DeLiang "Leon"

261

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of Boelen's python (Morelia boeleni)  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of Boelen's python (Morelia boeleni) from New Guinea / Published online: 26 May 2009 Ã? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009 Abstract Boelen's python (Morelia to science, Boelen's Python (Morelia boeleni), is an uncommon snake found only in the New Guinea highlands

Austin, Christopher C.

262

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Phylogenetics and biogeography of a spectacular Old World radiation spectacular butterfly radiations, com- prising more than 270 species usually placed in six gen- era [7,8]. Mycalesines are found across the Old World tropics in both forested and open habitats and are char- acterized

Karanth, K Praveen

263

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Klebsiella pneumoniae related community-  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Klebsiella pneumoniae related community- acquired acute lower, Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) is the second pathogen responsible for community-acquired pneumonia. Yet, very. Reported prior medication was high (42.5%). Patients' chest radiographs showed pneumonia (61.3% including

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative analysis of Klebsiella pneumoniae  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative analysis of Klebsiella pneumoniae genomes identifies Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae strains are pathogenic to animals and humans, in which they are both. pneumoniae isolates of the capsular serotype K2 are among the most virulent. In order to identify novel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Defined -synuclein prion-like molecular  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Defined -synuclein prion-like molecular assemblies spreading in cell: Through a methodology used to obtain synthetic mammalian prions, we tested whether recombinant human -syn amyloids can promote prion-like accumulation in neuronal cell lines in vitro. A single exposure to amyloid

Boyer, Edmond

266

RESEARCH ARTICLE The Evolution of Reduced Microbial Killing  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE The Evolution of Reduced Microbial Killing Jan A. C. Vriezen, Michael Valliere race in which they compete for limited resources and niche space. The outcome of this intense interaction is the evolution of a powerful arsenal of biological weapons. Perhaps the most studied

Riley, Margaret

267

Research article Estimating the proportion of offspring attributable  

E-print Network

Research article Estimating the proportion of offspring attributable to candidate adults ANTHONY C. Ecol. 9, 515­528; 2000b, Mol. Ecol. 9, 529­539) published a method (Pat) that estimates the proportion is consistent with a large proportion of the genotyped offspring, or if marker polymorphism is high. In addition

Avise, John

268

Research Article Constraint Violations in Stochastically Generated Data  

E-print Network

Research Article Constraint Violations in Stochastically Generated Data: Detection and Correction medium, provided the original work is properly cited. We consider the generation of stochastic data under, the constraints and the generated data must remain the same over each parameter set. Otherwise, the parameters and

Munakata, Toshinori

269

RESEARCH ARTICLE Historical landscape ecology of an urbanized California  

E-print Network

historical land cover in California's Santa Clara Valley (a.k.a. ``Silicon Valley''). To increase and assessRESEARCH ARTICLE Historical landscape ecology of an urbanized California valley: wetlands and woodlands in the Santa Clara Valley Robin M. Grossinger Ã? Charles J. Striplen Ã? Ruth A. Askevold Ã? Elise

270

Research article Mortality rates of honey bees in the wild  

E-print Network

Research article Mortality rates of honey bees in the wild R. Dukas Animal Behaviour Group of animals including social insects. It is not clear, however, whether honey bees in the wild live long enough to exhibit senescent decline. I tested for the effects of senescence on honey bees foraging

Dukas, Reuven

271

Research Article Traffic Volume Alters Elk Distribution and Highway  

E-print Network

Research Article Traffic Volume Alters Elk Distribution and Highway Crossings in Arizona JEFFREY W) fitted with Global Positioning System collars and hourly traffic data recorded along 27 km of highway in central Arizona, USA, to determine how traffic volume affected elk distribution and highway crossings

Theimer, Tad

272

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Diet, occupational exposure and early asthma  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Diet, occupational exposure and early asthma incidence among bakers,2 and Denis Zmirou-Navier1,2,3 Abstract Background: The natural history of occupational asthma (OA settings. Keywords: Occupational asthma, Epidemiology, Atopy, Vitamins Background Occupational asthma (OA

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nanoimprinted Tio2 solgel passivating diffraction  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nanoimprinted Tio2 sol­gel passivating diffraction gratings for solar cell, Australia ABSTRACT We report the fabrication and characterization of TiO2 sol­gel diffraction gratings for solar cells. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. KEYWORDS TiO2 sol­gel; diffraction grating; solar

274

RESEARCH ARTICLE Local and landscape effects on the butterfly community  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Local and landscape effects on the butterfly community in fragmented Midwest USA matrix, potentially impermeable to dis- persing individuals. We examined butterfly responses to local and configuration of the landscape affects butterfly community within the fragment, 2) determine whether explanatory

Debinski, Diane M.

275

RESEARCH ARTICLES Identifying the Basal Angiosperm Node in Chloroplast Genome  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Identifying the Basal Angiosperm Node in Chloroplast Genome Phylogenies: Sampling lilies) as branching from basal-most nodes in the angiosperm phylogeny, this hypothesis has recently been angiosperm lineages. We have extracted protein-coding regions from draft sequences for six additional

dePamphilis, Claude

276

RESEARCH ARTICLE Coming of Age: Steroid Hormones of Wild Immature  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Coming of Age: Steroid Hormones of Wild Immature Baboons (Papio cynocephalus populations. In the present study we present steroid profiles for a wild population of baboons (Papio was character- ized by high and declining levels of fGC and fT, whereas steroid concentrations were low during

Alberts, Susan C

277

Community Voice: Focus Group Research with Adult Learners in Worcestershire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirteen focus groups including approximately 70 people were conducted at University College Worcester and the Worcestershire Lifelong Learning Partnership in England to determine the participants' attitudes toward the educational programs provided and the best ways to reach them and encourage them to engage in learning. The majority of those in…

Dinsdale, Julia

278

Faculty at work: Focus on research, scholarship, and service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of cognitive motivation theory, selected personal and environmental motivational variables for faculty in eight liberal arts and science departments from community colleges, liberal arts colleges, comprehensive colleges and universities, and research universities were regressed against faculty allocation of work effort given to research, scholarship, and service. The data came from a 1988 national survey of faculty.Gender, (sociodemographic),

Robert T. Blackburn; Jeffery P. Bieber; Janet H. Lawrence; Lois Trautvetter

1991-01-01

279

Topical and Geographical Focus of Chinese Oceanographic Research  

E-print Network

in that it has operational arms, institutes, ships, laboratories, etc; and (3) the Chinese Academy of Fishery. The SOA also has several research/operational centers such as the National Marine Data and Information, headquartered in Beijing, has 21 related institutions of oceanography and fishery related research spreading

Chu, Peter C.

280

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

In September of 1987 the United States, along with 26 other countries, signed a landmark treaty to limit and subsequently, through revisions, phase out the production of all significant ozone depleting substances. Many researchers suspected that these chemicals, especially chl...

281

Family-Focused Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review of the Utility of Family Systems Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family member with an autism spectrum disorder presents pervasive and bidirectional influences on the entire family system, suggesting a need for family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. While there has been increasing interest in this research area, family-focused autism spectrum disorder research can still be considered relatively…

Cridland, Elizabeth K.; Jones, Sandra C.; Magee, Christopher A.; Caputi, Peter

2014-01-01

282

Systematic and open identification of researchers and authors: focus on open researcher and contributor ID.  

PubMed

Unique identifiers of researchers and authors can help all stakeholders of scientific communications improve their workflows. There have been several attempts to establish professional networks of scholars and list their scholarly achievements on digital platforms. Some of these platforms such as Google Scholar, Web of Knowledge and PubMed are searched to pick relevant peer reviewers, assess authors' publication history or choose suitable candidates for research and academic projects. However, each of these hubs has its specific applications, limiting the universal use for permanent tagging of researcher profiles. The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) initiative, launched in 2012, is aimed at registering scholarly contributors and averting the persistent ambiguity of recorded author names. The ORCID registry is growing fast and integrating with other ID-generating platforms, thereby increasing the functionality of the integrated systems. ORCID identifiers are increasingly used for selecting peer reviewers and acknowledging various scholarly contributions (e.g., published articles, reviewer comments, conference presentations). The initiative offers unique opportunities for transparent disclosures of author contributions and competing interests and improving ethical standards of research, editing, and publishing. PMID:25408574

Gasparyan, Armen Yuri; Akazhanov, Nurbek A; Voronov, Alexander A; Kitas, George D

2014-11-01

283

The F1000Research Antibody Validation Article Collection.  

PubMed

Well validated antibodies are crucial to progress in a wide range of life science disciplines, but validating an antibody is a complex and ongoing process. Antibody validation is often carried out as preliminary work to a larger study so the validation data may go unpublished and needless duplication of efforts can occur. This collection of articles in F1000Research provides a home for papers describing antibody validation studies. Our goal is to encourage publishing of all studies, both positive and negative, which increase understanding of how antibodies perform. These could range from large studies with thousands of antibodies to small single figure studies which validate an individual antibody for a specific purpose. Opinion or Correspondence articles considering any aspect of antibody validation are also welcome. Here, we provide an introduction to the collection which we hope will grow and become a valuable resource for the many thousands of researchers who use antibodies. PMID:25580229

Helsby, Matthew A; Leung, Mei Yee; Chalmers, Andrew D

2014-01-01

284

The F1000Research Antibody Validation Article Collection  

PubMed Central

Well validated antibodies are crucial to progress in a wide range of life science disciplines, but validating an antibody is a complex and ongoing process. Antibody validation is often carried out as preliminary work to a larger study so the validation data may go unpublished and needless duplication of efforts can occur. This collection of articles in F1000Research provides a home for papers describing antibody validation studies. Our goal is to encourage publishing of all studies, both positive and negative, which increase understanding of how antibodies perform. These could range from large studies with thousands of antibodies to small single figure studies which validate an individual antibody for a specific purpose. Opinion or Correspondence articles considering any aspect of antibody validation are also welcome. Here, we provide an introduction to the collection which we hope will grow and become a valuable resource for the many thousands of researchers who use antibodies. PMID:25580229

Helsby, Matthew A.; Leung, Mei Yee; Chalmers, Andrew D.

2014-01-01

285

Rhetorical Strategies in Engineering Research Articles and Research Theses: Advanced Academic Literacy and Relations of Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research articles and research theses constitute two key genres used by scientific communities for the dissemination and ratification of knowledge. Both genres are produced at advanced stages of individuals' enculturation in disciplinary communities present original research aim to persuade the academic community to accept new knowledge claims,…

Koutsantoni, Dimitra

2006-01-01

286

PhD Project Opportunity | 2014-2016 La Trobe University's Research Focus Area  

E-print Network

D Scholarship with top-up for the following research project: Animal behaviour through PhD Project Opportunity | 2014-2016 La Trobe University's Research Focus function Animals must respond to a changing world ­ from transient variations caused

Peters, Richard

287

Young Researchers Focus on the Extreme Energy Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new dimension to cosmic-ray research opened in 1998 in Alberta when the first node of a new kind of sparse very-large-area network of cosmic-ray detectors began to take data. The innovative aspect of the Alberta Large-area Time-coincidence Array (ALTA) is that it is deployed in high schools, involving school children in the excitement of fundamental research. Independently, in 2000 the Cosmic Ray Observatory Project (CROP), centred at the University of Nebraska, set up five schools with cosmic ray detectors. Around the same time the Washington Large-area Time-coincidence Array (WALTA) installed its first detectors. I shall describe the development of "educational cosmic ray arrays" from 1998 and briefly discuss the physics issues that such arrays could address. Also, I will introduce the idea of using experimental cosmic ray physics as a means to involve developing countries in the global scientific culture. In conclusion I will attempt to elucidate future directions.

Pinfold, James L.

2011-06-01

288

Global Change Research: A Focus on Mountain Ecosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, visitors can learn about the nine year research project that the U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and the University of Montana are conducting at Glacier National Park to determine how the mountain wilderness has responded to climatic variability and other external stressors. Visitors can learn how, based on their climate variability models, future climate scenarios will affect various watersheds in the area. Users can learn about the Brewer spectrophotometer, which collects UV-B radiation data to determine the possible patterns associated with the thinning of the ozone layers. The Web site also discusses how glaciers have already changed due to current warming conditions and how this affects the system as a whole. By visiting Grinnell Glacier Photo Gallery, everyone can observe how the glaciers have receded in the last one hundred years.

289

Researchers Focus on Fire Clouds That Reach to the Stratosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volcanic eruptions are not the only violent events that can inject smoke-colored and cauliflower-textured clouds into the stratosphere. Pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCB) storms can, too. These recently discovered phenomena are storms caused or aided by fire; they have many characteristics similar to thunderstorms, including lightning, hail, and extreme vertical height through the troposphere and into the lower stratosphere. Common wisdom had held that “the only event that can explosively pollute the stratosphere is a volcanic eruption,” Michael Fromm, a meteorologist with the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D. C., said at a 9 August press briefing at the 2010 Meeting of the Americas in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. “Now we know that pyroCBs can do a version of this, thanks to the heat from fire.”

Showstack, Randy

2010-08-01

290

A Proposed Model for the Analysis and Interpretation of Focus Groups in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus groups have an established history in applied research and evaluation. The fundamental methods of the focus group technique have been well discussed, as have their potential advantages. Less guidance tends to be provided regarding the analysis of data resulting from focus groups or how to organize and defend conclusions drawn from the…

Massey, Oliver T.

2011-01-01

291

A Pragmatic Approach to the Macro-Structure and Metadiscoursal Features of Research Article Introductions in the Field of Agricultural Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) Create-A-Research-Space model (CARS) as an investigative tool and Hyland's (2005) model of metadiscourse, this article reports on a pragmatic two-level rhetorical analysis of the constituent moves and steps of research article introductions and focuses on the identification and mapping of the metadiscoursal…

Rubio, M. Milagros del Saz

2011-01-01

292

This Focus issue of Nature Reviews Immunology presents a series of specially commissioned Review articles that  

E-print Network

and components of the mucosal innate immune system, including epithelial cells and DCs. A better understand- ingThis Focus issue of Nature Reviews Immunology presents a series of specially commissioned Review. To exploit mucosal routes for optimal vaccination or restore the integrity of the mucosa at sites

Cai, Long

293

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 7, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus on Basics is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. Focus on Basics is dedicated to connecting…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

2004-01-01

294

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 6, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

2004-01-01

295

Upgrading Our EPO Through Focused Astronomy Education Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Not so long ago, astronomers visiting schools in Hawaii tried to build awareness among school children and teachers about how stars move across the sky, the nature of planets orbiting our sun, and the physical processes governing stars and galaxies. While these efforts were undertaken with all good intentions, they were often based on our collective understanding of how Mainland children come to know astronomy topics, and with a Western worldview. Research observations of Hawaiian elementary school children indicate that Hawaiian children understand far more about the skies than could have been predicted from the behavior of Mainland children, or from the body of literature on children's understanding of astronomy. Analysis of elementary students’ responses to a kumu's, or teacher's questions relating to the celestial sphere indicate that these students posses a deep knowledge of the night sky and celestial motions. This knowledge base is fluent across two cultural systems of constellations, and is predictive. In an era of curriculum development based upon learning progressions, it appears that Native Hawaiian students possess unexpected knowledge that is well poised to interfere with conventional educational and public outreach approaches if not taken into account. Further, these findings suggest that further inquiry must be made into the astronomical thinking of minority populations prior to the unilateral implementation of national science education standards.

Slater, Stephanie J.; Dye, A.

2012-01-01

296

DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2003; 19: 288298.  

E-print Network

DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2003; 19: 288 Nerve collagens from diabetic and nondiabetic Sprague­Dawley and biobreeding rats: an atomic force Accepted: 14 January 2003 Abstract Background Alterations in rat's nerve collagens due to diabetes may

Sastry, Ann Marie

297

DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2005; 21: 264270.  

E-print Network

DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2005; 21: 264 Design and development of a scale measuring fear of complications in type 1 diabetes Emily P. Taylor1 John R. Crawford2 Ann E. Gold3* 1 Department of Diabetes, Grampian University Hospitals Trust, Aberdeen

Crawford, John R.

298

Publication of Research Article: An Art or Science?  

PubMed Central

The publication process is a shared responsibility. Besides the writing, reviewing, publishing, and editorial teams, readers are one of the most important pillars of this process. Readers and authors cannot be dealt with separately, because most of the readers are authors. The varieties of articles and improvement in presentations reflect the rising interest and enthusiasm of writers and readers. Increasing number in critical comments and author's reply can be considered as a post-publication peer review process. Impact Factor, which was used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal, is now being considered a misleading tool in assessing the quality of a paper or the researcher. Here, we are trying to discuss in brief the points which should be kept in mind before manuscript preparation and submission, so that our research should reach to maximum readers in an unbiased form. PMID:23634338

Kapoor, S; Sikka, P; Saxena, KK

2013-01-01

299

Native and non-native writers’ use of first person pronouns in the different sections of biology research articles in English  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various authors have shown the first person to play a key role in the construction of the writer's persona in research articles. This paper compares the use of first person in a corpus of biology articles produced by native English-speaking (NES) writers and a corpus of research article manuscripts produced by non-native English-speaking (NNES) writers, focusing on first person distribution

Iliana A. Martínez

2005-01-01

300

The 1991/92 graduate student researchers program, including the underrepresented minority focus component  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Graduate Student Research Program (GSRP) was expanded in 1987 to include the Underrepresented Minority Focus Component (UMFC). This program was designed to increase minority participation in graduate study and research, and ultimately, in space science and aerospace technology careers. This booklet presents the areas of research activities at NASA facilities for the GSRP and summarizes and presents the objectives of the UMFC.

1991-01-01

301

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice: Workplace Education, Volume 7, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on workplace education and includes the following articles: "After the Grant Is Over" (Connie Nelson); "Around to Stay" (Shirley Penn and Mary Zorn); "A Conversation with FOB: What Benefits Does Workplace Ed Offer the Provider?"; "Reading Work" (Tracy Defoe and Sue Folinsbee); "Much More than ABE" (Don Block and Lori…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

302

Research Article Introductions in Chinese and English: A Comparative Genre-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the rhetorical organisation of English and Chinese research article introductions in the field of educational psychology using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) framework of move analysis. A corpus of 40 research articles (20 Chinese and 20 English) was selected. The English research articles, written by first-language…

Loi, Chek Kim

2010-01-01

303

The Validity and Reliability of Focus Groups as a Research Method in Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the validity and reliability of focus group methodology from three perspectives: radical-hermeneutic, moderate interpretive, and realistic. Describes a survey of researchers in four European projects using focus groups and describes the strengths and weaknesses of the method. (Contains 48 references.) (SK)

Chioncel, N. E.; van der Veen, R. G. W.; Wildemeersch, D.; Jarvis, P.

2003-01-01

304

The mountain research focus of the University of Innsbruck Alpine Space Man & Environment  

E-print Network

20 The mountain research focus of the University of Innsbruck Alpine Space ­ Man & Environment that the University of Innsbruck is focusing on mountain is- sues. Innsbruck is located in the middle of the Alps and its history, culture and economy are deeply influ- enced and shaped by mountains. In addition

Breu, Ruth

305

GERI - Bell Labs Smart Grid Research Focus: Economic Modeling, Networking, and Security & Privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we outline the Grid 2.0 Research, a collaborative Smart Grid research program between Gachon Energy Research Institute (GERI) of Kyungwon University and Bell Labs of Alcatel-Lucent. Salient features of the Grid 2.0 Research are the active role of distributed fixed and mobile energy storage, distributed renewable energy sources, and active load-side participation. Our focus is not on

Ken Budka; Jayant Deshpande; John Hobby; Young-Jin Kim; Vladmir Kolesnikov; Wonsuck Lee; Thomas Reddington; Marina Thottan; Chris A. White; Jung-In Choi; Junhee Hong; Jinho Kim; Wonsuk Ko; Young-Woo Nam; Sung-Yong Sohn

2010-01-01

306

Establishing a research agenda for scientific and technical information (STI) - Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

307

Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

308

The appraisal of quantitative and qualitative trauma-focused research procedures among pregnant participants.  

PubMed

Despite the importance of studying the dynamics and consequences of trauma, there has been concern that trauma-focused questionnaires and interviews could further harm vulnerable participants, such as pregnant women who have suffered prior sexual trauma (e.g., rape, incest, sexual abuse). There has also been concern that employing personal interviews, rather than anonymous written questionnaires in trauma-focused research procedures may compromise participants' confidentiality. This exploratory study examined the methodological differences associated with perceived discomforts and benefits among pregnant women participants in a two-phase, trauma-focused research study. In Phase I, pregnant women (N = 109) completed anonymous, trauma-related questionnaires. In Phase II, a subsample of Phase I participants (N = 10) who reported a previous history of sexual trauma completed in-depth, personal interviews. Participants in both phases of the study rated their reaction to research participation using the Response to Research Participation Questionnaire Revised (RRPQ-R). Results suggest that both written survey and personal interview methods are well tolerated by pregnant women. Specific findings indicated that pregnant women with a sexual trauma history reported significantly higher "personal benefit" from participating in personal interview procedures compared to written questionnaires. Recommendations for conducting trauma-focused research with potentially high-risk or vulnerable populations are provided. In addition, recommendations for future research are outlined in an effort to further extend the ethical understanding of the benefits and costs of trauma-focused research. PMID:19919318

Schwerdtfeger, Kami L

2009-12-01

309

Research Required for the Effective Implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Articles 9 and 10  

PubMed Central

This paper is part of a series of articles intended to set out the research questions that are relevant to the successful implementation of the various provisions of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This paper focuses on issues affecting Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC. This paper focuses on the research that is most important for most countries, rather than on what is desirable in countries with high levels of research capacity. Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC address the regulation of contents and emissions of tobacco products and regulation of tobacco product disclosure. Such regulation will be essential if the long-term objective of reducing the danger of tobacco products is to be achieved. There are many components of tobacco and tobacco smoke that are excessively toxic and dangerous to the user. Many of these components are carcinogenic and addictive and can be removed or reduced substantially with current known technology. The fact that these components remain in tobacco and tobacco smoke at levels that are unnecessarily dangerous is precisely the reason why the successful implementation of Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC is important to tobacco control. This paper discusses the scientific challenges involved in successfully implementing Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC, which focuses on regulating carcinogens and toxins in tobacco and tobacco smoke, the abuse liability of tobacco products, and the additives and engineering features in tobacco products that make tobacco products appealing to future consumers. The research issues we focus on are those required to support the early stages of regulation. As regulation proceeds, new and more sophisticated research questions will undoubtedly emerge. PMID:23024247

2013-01-01

310

Focus Groups with Young People: A Participatory Approach to Research Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present our experiences of conducting focus groups with young people as part of a participatory approach to research design and participant recruitment. The research is a prospective, 10-year, qualitative, longitudinal project investigating young people's daily lives, relationships, and identities, and the ways these change over…

Bagnoli, Anna; Clark, Andrew

2010-01-01

311

carleton.ca/psychology "Our students focus on research and solving real-world problems."  

E-print Network

? n How does sports participation impact a child's self-esteem? GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN pSYchoLoGY capcarleton.ca/psychology "Our students focus on research and solving real-world problems." Shape Your Future BaSed on Your reSearch IntereStS Carleton's graduate programs in psychology train students to use

312

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AS A NEW STRATEGIC FOCUS FOR USEPA'S ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA's Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its ecological research program (ERP). Recognizing that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality and ov...

313

Ecosystem Services: Priority strategic focus for U.S. EPA?s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

314

Ecosystem Services: New strategic focus for US EPA?s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

315

Ecosystem Services: Developing strategic focus for U.S. EPA?s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Services Research Program (ESRP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vit...

316

Transformation of a Mathematics Department's Teaching and Research Through a Focus on Computational Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Undergraduate teaching that focuses on student-driven research, mentored by research active faculty, can have a powerful effect in bringing relevance and cohesiveness to a department's programs. We describe and discuss such a program in computational mathematics, and the effects this program has had on the students, the faculty, the department and the university.

Chen, Yanlai; Davis, Gary; Gottlieb, Sigal; Hausknecht, Adam; Heryudono, Alfa; Kim, Saeja

317

Trends in endocrinology related research articles in a medical journal from India  

PubMed Central

Background: The details about the research productivity in the specialty of endocrinology from India is lacking. We plan to assess the publishing trends and the research productivity of Endocrinology related research articles published in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India (JAPI). Materials and Methods: We carried the bibliometric analysis of endocrinology related articles from JAPI. The data were obtained from the JAPI website for the publications between 2000 and 2011. The articles were analyzed for the type (original article, case reports, correspondence, and pictorial image), subspecialty (diabetes, thyroid, etc.), and place of the research. Data were presented with descriptive statistics in numbers and percentages. Results: Out of a total 2977 articles published by JAPI, 312 articles belong to endocrine subspecialty. Endocrinology related articles constitute about 11.2%–23.2% of the published articles per year in JAPI and the percentage is increasing every year. Original articles (52%) and case reports (27%) constituite the majority, while the rest were letters to editor (9%) and pictorial images (12%). Diabetes (57%) and metabolic bone disorders (16%) lead the subspecialty articles, followed by thyroid (9%), adrenal and gonad (8%), and pituitary (8%). Chennai (20%), Mumbai (14%), and Delhi (9%) are the top 3 places contributing to the articles followed by Chandigarh and Varanasi. Conclusion: Majority of endocrinology related research productivity is seen in form of original articles and case reports. Diabetes is the leading disease with maximum research articles from Chennai and other glands are equally represented in the research productivity. PMID:23226637

Kumar, K. V. S. H; Aravinda, Konidena

2012-01-01

318

_RESEARCH OBJECTIVES_ My principal research interest is in applied machine learning and large-scale data mining, focusing on the  

E-print Network

of several graduate classes on network analysis, advanced data mining, internet algorithms, social media_1_ _RESEARCH OBJECTIVES_ My principal research interest is in applied machine learning and large-scale data mining, focusing on the analysis and modeling of large real-world networks as the study

Faloutsos, Christos

319

Bridging the Gap Between Family-Focused Research and Substance Abuse Prevention Practice: Preface  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the contributions of this special section on connecting family-focused substance abuse prevention research and practice. Other expert reviews and the meta-analyses discussed in this and the following papers have given us a good idea about what works in this area. They have specified a number of family-focused substance abuse prevention approaches and programs effective in decreasing substance

Karol L. Kumpfer; Shakeh J. Kaftarian

2000-01-01

320

Growth or Steady State? A Bibliometric Focus on International Comparative Higher Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study combines a bibliometric approach with a content analysis of abstracts of articles to explore the patterns of international comparative higher education research in leading international journals. The overall data set covers 4,095 publications from the Web of Science for the period 1992-2012 and the amount of international comparative…

Kosmützky, Anna; Krücken, Georg

2014-01-01

321

Have the Focus and Sophistication of Research in Health Education Changed?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the types of research and the statistical methods used in three representative health education journals from 1994 through 2003. Editorials, commentaries, program/practice notes, and perspectives represent 17.6% of the journals' content. The most common types of articles are cross-sectional studies (27.5%), reviews (23.2%), and…

Merrill, Ray M.; Lindsay, Christopher A.; Shields, Eric C.; Stoddard, Julianne

2007-01-01

322

A Methodological Review of the Articles Published in "Georgia Educational Researcher" from 2003-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methodological reviews, reviews that concentrate on research methods rather than research outcomes, have been used in a variety of fields to improve research practice, inform debate, and identify islands of practice. In this article, we report on the results of a methodological review of all of the articles published in "Georgia Educational…

Randolph, Justus J.; Griffin, Andrea E.; Zeiger, Samara R.; Falbe, Kristina N.; Freeman, Noreen A.; Taylor, Bridget E.; Westbrook, Amy F.; Lico, Cheryl C.; Starling, Cristy N.; Sprull, Nakiesha M.; Holt, Carolyn; Smith, Kristie; McAnespie, Hannah

2011-01-01

323

Focus on Cultural Issues in Research: Developing and Implementing Native American Postcolonial Participatory Action Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indian country presents even the most seasoned and careful researcher with numerous methodological issues. Two of the most salient of these are appropriate understanding of postcolonial stress in tribal communities, and the use of participatory action research methods and models in a culturally sensitive manner. This paper explains postcolonial…

Stone, Joseph B.

324

Symbolic Interaction and Applied Social Research: A FOCUS ON TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE RESEARCH(1.)  

PubMed

In symbolic interaction, a traditional yet unfortunate and unnecessary distinction has been made between basic and applied research. The argument has been made that basic research is intended to generate new knowledge, whereas applied research is intended to apply knowledge to the solution of practical (social and organizational) problems. I will argue that the distinction between basic and applied research in symbolic interaction is outdated and dysfunctional. The masters of symbolic interactionist thought have left us a proud legacy of shaping their scholarly thinking and inquiry in response to and in light of practical issues of the day (e.g., Znaniecki, and Blumer). Current interactionist work continues this tradition in topical areas such as social justice studies. Applied research, especially in term of evaluation and needs assessment studies, can be designed to serve both basic and applied goals. Symbolic interaction provides three great resources to do this. The first is its orientation to dynamic sensitizing concepts that direct research and ask questions instead of supplying a priori and often impractical answers. The second is its orientation to qualitative methods, and appreciation for the logic of grounded theory. The third is interactionism's overall holistic approach to interfacing with the everyday life world. The primary illustrative case here is the qualitative component of the evaluation of an NIH-funded, translational medical research program. The qualitative component has provided interactionist-inspired insights into translational research, such as examining cultural change in medical research in terms of changes in the form and content of formal and informal discourse among scientists; delineating the impact of significant symbols such as "my lab" on the social organization of science; and appreciating the essence of the self-concept "scientist" on the increasingly bureaucratic and administrative identities of medical researchers. This component has also contributed to the basic social scientific literature on complex organizations and the self. PMID:25221375

Kotarba, Joseph A

2014-08-01

325

Focus Group Discussions: Three Examples from Family and Consumer Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives examples of the focus group method in terms of question development, group composition and recruitment, interview protocols, and data analysis as applied to three family and consumer-sciences research projects: consumer behavior of working female adolescents, work readiness of adult males with low educational attainment, and definition of…

Garrison, M. E. Betsy; Pierce, Sarah H.; Monroe, Pamela A.; Sasser, Diane D.; Shaffer, Amy C.; Blalock, Lydia B.

1999-01-01

326

Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 66, 89103, 2006 FOCUSING CHARACTERISTICS OF A METALLIC  

E-print Network

Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 66, 89­103, 2006 FOCUSING CHARACTERISTICS OF A METALLIC CYLINDRICAL ELECTROMAGNETIC BAND GAP STRUCTURE WITH DEFECTS H. Boutayeb, A.-C. Tarot, and K. Mahdjoubi IETR band for directive radiation. 1. INTRODUCTION Electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) materials [1, 2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

In recent years lipid, oxidation has focused the attention of many research-  

E-print Network

of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Therefore, it may be of interest for the food industry as a preservativeIn recent years lipid, oxidation has focused the attention of many research- workers such as fats, proteins, carbohydrates or DNA, signifi- cantly delays or prevents oxidation of the substrate

Boyer, Edmond

328

FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich  

E-print Network

FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich Discover the Wonders. Housed within the Department of Earth Sciences the exhibition builds a bridge between scientists scientists and students. The striking architecture of the Earth Sciences' building and the exhibition tower

Gilli, Adrian

329

Doctor of Nursing Practice Ph.D. in Nursing Focus Nursing Practice Nursing Research  

E-print Network

, and Advanced Specialty Practice Trajectories of Chronic Illness and Care Systems Core Courses Evidence Based with the tools and skills necessary to translate evidence gained through nursing research into practice, improve Focus Translation of evidence to practice, Transformation of health care, Health care leadership

Zhou, Pei

330

Ten Reasons to Still Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing. Research Brief, Publication #2009-10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, Child Trends drew on statistics and research findings to produce a report called "Ten Reasons to Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing." That report took note of the steady decline in the nation's teenage pregnancy and childbearing rates, beginning in 1991, while citing multiple reasons to continue to be concerned about teen childbearing.…

Holcombe, Emily; Peterson, Kristen; Manlove, Jennifer; Scarupa, Harriet J., Ed.

2009-01-01

331

Geophysical Research Letters 28, 1823-1826, 2001. Focusing of Eruptions by Fracture Wall Erosion  

E-print Network

transport through the brittle lithosphere occurs via fractures, the fracture paths under the volcanic centerGeophysical Research Letters 28, 1823-1826, 2001. Focusing of Eruptions by Fracture Wall Erosion to melting or thermomechanical erosion of fracture walls developing over the life-span of the volcano

332

Environmental equity research: review with focus on outdoor air pollution research methods and analytic tools.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to review environmental equity research on outdoor air pollution and, specifically, methods and tools used in research, published in English, with the aim of recommending the best methods and analytic tools. English language publications from 2000 to 2012 were identified in Google Scholar, Ovid MEDLINE, and PubMed. Research methodologies and results were reviewed and potential deficiencies and knowledge gaps identified. The publications show that exposure to outdoor air pollution differs by social factors, but findings are inconsistent in Canada. In terms of study designs, most were small and ecological and therefore prone to the ecological fallacy. Newer tools such as geographic information systems, modeling, and biomarkers offer improved precision in exposure measurement. Higher-quality research using large, individual-based samples and more precise analytic tools are needed to provide better evidence for policy-making to reduce environmental inequities. PMID:24972259

Miao, Qun; Chen, Dongmei; Buzzelli, Michael; Aronson, Kristan J

2015-01-01

333

U.S. National Science Foundation Budget Proposal Focuses on Basic Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The budget request of the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) for fiscal year (FY) 2009 focuses attention on basic research, establishes and supports several cross-foundation investment projects designed to have a transformative impact across science and engineering, and puts foundation activities back on track to double their research budgets by the next decade. The foundation's total proposed budget is US$6.85 billion, an increase of 13% over that enacted for FY 2008. Most of this funding increase goes to NSF's Research and Related Activities (R&RA) account, which, at $5.59 billion, is $772.5 million above the FY 2008 enacted amount.

Kumar, Mohi

2008-03-01

334

The present and future of MFT doctoral education in research-focused universities.  

PubMed

Doctoral education is greatly impacted by context, and the large majority of marital and family therapy (MFT) doctoral programs are PhD programs in research-focused universities. I believe their primary mission is to equip students to become scientist-practitioners and do original research that will advance the science of the discipline, whereas the mission of the typical master's program is to produce strong practitioners who are research informed. It is the emphasis on the scientific method, not the content specialty area, that should be the hallmark of PhD programs in research-focused contexts. I describe metrics for success that include not only research productivity but also the development of a supportive, open, flexible, and generous program culture. The research mission of these programs has been only modestly helped by the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education process and the programs are largely not doing the programmatic intervention research that the field needs. As the universities that house these programs are also "raising the bar," the long-term viability of the programs themselves will likely hinge on success in this arena. PMID:20618575

Sprenkle, Douglas H

2010-07-01

335

RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic analysis of the endemic island loggerhead shrike, Lanius  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic analysis of the endemic island loggerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus research, the island logger- head shrike, Lanius ludovicianus anthonyi has been con- sidered a distinct ludovicianus Á Loggerhead shrikes Á Microsatellites Introduction The loggerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus

Ashley, Mary V.

336

Discovering the research priorities of people with diabetes in a multicultural community: a focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background Usually experts decide on which research is worthwhile, yet it is government policy to involve service users in research. There has been a lack of published research about involving patients from minority ethnic groups and people from deprived areas in setting research agendas. In this study we wanted to hear the voices of patients that are not often heard. Aim To find out the research priorities of people with diabetes from an inner city community and compare these with current expert-led research priorities in diabetes. Design of study A qualitative study using a participatory approach with consumer groups. Setting Primary care within inner city Nottingham, UK. Method Thirty-nine adult patients with diabetes with varying ethnic backgrounds recruited from three general practices. Six focus groups carried out in participants' preferred language, analysed using the constant comparative method. Results Nine main themes equating to research priorities were identified. Within these themes, information and awareness, service delivery and primary prevention of diabetes emerged as the main factors. There were no science-based topics and there was more emphasis on culturally influenced research questions, which differed from recent Department of Health priorities. There were several themes about service delivery, patient self-management and screening and prevention of diabetes that overlapped. Conclusions There is some divergence between expert-led and patient-led agendas in research about diabetes. Patient perspectives have a significant influence on research priorities, and there are likely to be several different patient perspectives. PMID:16536961

Brown, Ken; Dyas, Jane; Chahal, Prit; Khalil, Yesmean; Riaz, Perween; Cummings-Jones, Joy

2006-01-01

337

Patient Informed Governance of Distributed Research Networks: Results and Discussion from Six Patient Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Understanding how to govern emerging distributed research networks is essential to their success. Distributed research networks aggregate patient medical data from many institutions leaving data within the local provider security system. While much is known about patients’ views on secondary medical research, little is known about their views on governance of research networks. We conducted six focus groups with patients from three medical centers across the U.S. to understand their perspectives on privacy, consent, and ethical concerns of sharing their data as part of research networks. Participants positively endorsed sharing their health data with these networks believing that doing so could advance healthcare knowledge. However, patients expressed several concerns regarding security and broader ethical issues such as commercialism, public benefit, and social responsibility. We suggest that network governance guidelines move beyond strict technical requirements and address wider socio-ethical concerns by fully including patients in governance processes. PMID:24551383

Mamo, Laura A.; Browe, Dennis K.; Logan, Holly C.; Kim, Katherine K.

2013-01-01

338

How Elsevier's Article of the Future supports researchers in the digital era  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first phase of Elsevier's Article of the Future article format was released on SciVerse ScienceDirect in January 2012. While this new format for online scholarly articles brings a significantly improved online presentation, it also enables further enhancements in terms of domain-specific content and contextualization of research results. Of particular interest to the Earth Sciences research community are the seamless integration of an interactive map viewer that displays author-submitted KML files inside the article, and real-time links to leading research data portals like Pangaea and Earthchem. These enhancements allow for a richer form of communication between authors and readers, and present researchers with valuable additional information in the context of the article. In this presentaion I will review these ongoing efforts to enhance online articles in the digital era.

Keall, B.

2012-04-01

339

Research Profile Research at the IVP is focused on the simulation and op-  

E-print Network

. Simulation of Press Hardening Due to the increasing number of body-in-white parts that are manufactured-temperature tribometer­ Sheet tests equipment (tensile, biaxial)­ Strip drawing machine­ Virtual Manufacturing (IVP Processes, Adaptive Process Control MRCMaterials Research Center Die-less drawing machine: Drawing of steel

Sandoghdar, Vahid

340

Analysing the Research Articles Published in Three Periodicals of Medical Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings from a bibliometric study of research articles published in the "Bulletin of the Medical Library Association," the "Journal of the Japan Medical Library Association," and the "Medical Information Services" from 1990 to 1992. Subject categories, length of articles, methods of research, and number of references are examined.…

Haiqi, Zhang

1995-01-01

341

The Textual Organisation of Research Article Introductions in Applied Linguistics: Variability within a Single Discipline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the degree of variability in the structure of research article introductions within a single discipline. It is an exploratory study based on the analysis of 20 research articles. The study investigates the differences between two subdisciplines of applied linguistics, namely second language acquisition and second language…

Ozturk, Ismet

2007-01-01

342

A Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles That Address Research on Club Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on club drug research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. The collection features articles originally published from 1996 through 2002. Topics include the effects of ecstasy and methamphetamine on the brain and body,…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.

343

Quantifying the Burden of Writing Research Articles in a Second Language: Data from Mexican Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides quantitative data to establish the relative, perceived burden of writing research articles in English as a second language. Previous qualitative research has shown that scientists writing English in a second language face difficulties but has not established parameters for the degree of this difficulty. A total of 141…

Hanauer, David I.; Englander, Karen

2011-01-01

344

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Insights into the role of differential gene  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Insights into the role of differential gene expression-2148/10/356 © 2010 Martínez-Fernández et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed, in the current postgenomic era, researches can now not only determine the genome of the organisms of interest

Bernatchez, Louis

345

Research Article Introductions in English for Specific Purposes: A Comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the rhetorical organization of research article introductions in Brazilian Portuguese and in English within a subfield of Applied Linguistics. Using Swales' (1990) CARS model as an analytical tool, this exploratory study investigated 20 research articles. The findings indicate that introductions in Brazilian Portuguese tend to…

Hirano, Eliana

2009-01-01

346

Zoo Biology 27:470487 (2008) RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

, experimentation, modeling, and teaching of general and specific animal biology and behavior through work in both institutions; research; animal welfare; zoo research; academic research; academia; behavior; conservation of social and individual behavior that is relevant to housing of captive animals, relations among nearby

Timberlake, William D.

347

On Motivation, Research Agendas, and Theoretical Frameworks. "MLJ" Response Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three recent articles by Dornyei, Crookes and Schmidt, and Oxford and Sherin on the role of motivation in the learning of a second or foreign language are discussed. Similarities among them that support Gardner's theoretical model are described. (45 references) (LB)

Gardner, R. C.; Tremblay, P. F.

1994-01-01

348

Review Article: The Interdisciplinary Research Project in Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concerns an attempt to develop an interdisciplinary environment-oriented program in a Canadian graduate school. A problem-solving approach was utilized in a study of the environmental aspects of the pulp and paper industry. The success of this project coincided with a growing interdisciplinary trend in other universities. (MA)

Berkes, Fikret; Butler, M. J. A.

1975-01-01

349

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Overexpression of phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase  

E-print Network

-Charles Nault5,6 , Hélène Dubois-Pot-Schneider2,3,4 , Anne Corlu2,3,4 , Jessica Zucman-Rossi5,6 , Michel Samson1 list of author information is available at the end of the article © 2014 Ilboudo et al.; licensee Bio

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

350

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular diversity and high virulence of  

E-print Network

predominantly in potting soil and transmitted by inhalation of dust of contaminated soils. * Correspondence: christophe.gilbert.bio@univ-lyon1.fr 4 Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5240, Université Lyon1, Villeurbanne F al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

351

Research article Comprehensive curation and analysis of global interaction  

E-print Network

Journal of Biology 2006, 5:11 Open Access Published: 8 June 2006 Journal of Biology 2006, 5 al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms strains for phenotypic analysis [1,2]. In the post-genome sequence era, high-throughput (HTP) screening

352

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) dux (Diptera  

E-print Network

information from literature search, fly survey approach and specialist's experience, we review database and developmental rate of larvae were included. Medical involvement of larvae was not only myiasis-producing agent.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Sukontason et al. Biological

Tomberlin, Jeff

353

The small-animal radiation research platform (SARRP): dosimetry of a focused lens system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A small animal radiation platform equipped with on-board cone-beam CT and conformal irradiation capabilities is being constructed for translational research. To achieve highly localized dose delivery, an x-ray lens is used to focus the broad beam from a 225 kVp x-ray tube down to a beam with a full width half maximum (FWHM) of approximately 1.5 mm in the energy

Hua Deng; Christopher W. Kennedy; Elwood Armour; Erik Tryggestad; Eric Ford; Todd McNutt; Licai Jiang; John Wong

2007-01-01

354

Challenges of recruitment: focus groups with research study recruiters. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Focus groups with study recruiters were conducted to determine challenges they face and recommendations. These recommendations include the need to allocate additional resources to assist with recruitment, including ensuring the salaries of recruiters are competitive. Additionally, it was recommended that recruiters have a recognized leadership role within the research team structure and that principal investigators include recruiters in the development of study designs to ensure that the protocols developed will result in the most successful recruitment of diverse populations.

355

The top cited clinical research articles on sepsis: a bibliometric analysis  

PubMed Central

Introduction The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the most highly cited clinical research articles published on sepsis. Methods A comprehensive list of citation classics in sepsis was generated by searching the database of Web of Science-Expanded (1970 to present) using keywords 'sepsis' or 'septic shock'. The top 50 cited clinical research papers were retrieved by reading the abstract or full text if needed. Each eligible article was reviewed for basic information, including country of origin, article type, journals, authors, and funding sources. Results A total of 2,151 articles were cited more than 100 times; the 50 top-cited clinical articles were published between 1974 and 2008. The number of citations ranged from 372 to 2,932, with a mean of 678 citations per article. These citation classics came from nine countries, of which 26 articles came from the United States. Rush University and the University of Pittsburgh lead the list of classics with six papers each. The 50 top-cited articles were published in 17 journals, with the New England Journal of Medicine and Journal of the American Medical Association topping the list. The top 50 articles consisted of 21 clinical trials and 29 observational studies. Conclusions Our bibliometric analysis provides a historical perspective on the progress of clinical research on sepsis. Articles originating from the United States and published in high-impact journals are most likely to be cited in the field of sepsis research. PMID:22731930

2012-01-01

356

Research participants' opinions on genetic research and reasons for participation: a Jackson Heart Study focus group analysis.  

PubMed

The Jackson Heart Study (JHS) convened focus groups to engage the community in dialogue on participation in the National, Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's Candidate Gene Resource (CARe) project. CARe, a genome wide association and candidate gene study, required the release of participant phenotypic and genotypic data with storage at NIH for widespread distribution to qualified researchers. The authors wanted to assess the willingness of an African American community to participate in the genetics research, given the past history of bioethical misconduct in ethnic minority communities. The discussion produced the following specific issues of interest: reasons for participants' interest in genetics research; participants' knowledge about the JHS; and participants' knowledge about genetics research and its advantages and disadvantages. Training on genetic issues was also developed for the JHS community and staff. PMID:25065069

Walker, Evelyn R; Nelson, Cheryl R; Antoine-LaVigne, Donna; Thigpen, Darcel T; Puggal, Mona A; Sarpong, Daniel E; Smith, Alice M

2014-01-01

357

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Cytotoxicity screening of Bangladeshi medicinal  

E-print Network

on pancreatic cancer cells Sherine George1 , Siddharth V Bhalerao2 , Erich A Lidstone1 , Irfan S Ahmad3 for developing cancer therapeutics. Our study focuses upon pancreatic cancer, due to its high mortality rate tested on two additional pancreatic cancer cell lines (Mia-Paca2 and Capan-1) and a fibroblast cell line

Cunningham, Brian

358

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gene interaction enrichment and network  

E-print Network

to interpret in terms of the complex underlying biological processes. In addition, there are in many cases S Barnholtz-Sloan1,3,4 and Mark R Chance1,3,5 Abstract Background: The molecular behavior of biological this challenge, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and others have been developed, which focus on alterations

Koyuturk, Mehmet

359

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Drug safety of rosiglitazone and pioglitazone  

E-print Network

risk of edema and heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes even when recommendations for use, focusing on 4 ADR: edema, heart failure, myocardial infarction and hepatitis corresponding to specific WHO and co-morbidities) found that TZD exposure remained associated with heart failure and edema

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Developing a plasma focus research training system for the fusion energy age  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3 kJ UNU/ICTP Plasma Focus Facility is the most significant device associated with the AAAPT (Asian African Association for Plasma Training). In original and modified/upgraded form it has trained generations of plasma focus (PF) researchers internationally, producing many PhD theses and peer-reviewed papers. The Lee Model code was developed for the design of this PF. This code has evolved to cover all PF machines for design, interpretation and optimization, for derivation of radiation scaling laws; and to provide insights into yield scaling limitations, radiative collapse, speed-enhanced and current-stepped PF variants. As example of fresh perspectives derivable from this code, this paper presents new results on energy transfers of the axial and radial phases of generalized PF devices. As the world moves inexorably towards the Fusion Energy Age it becomes ever more important to train plasma fusion researchers. A recent workshop in Nepal shows that demand for such training continues. Even commercial project development consultants are showing interest. We propose that the AAAPT-proven research package be upgraded, by modernizing the small PF for extreme modes of operation, switchable from the typical strong-focus mode to a slow-mode which barely pinches, thus producing a larger, more uniform plasma stream with superior deposition properties. Such a small device would be cost-effective and easily duplicated, and have the versatility of a range of experiments from intense multi-radiation generation and target damage studies to superior advanced-materials deposition. The complementary code is used to reference experiments up to the largest existing machine. This is ideal for studying machine limitations and scaling laws and to suggest new experiments. Such a modernized versatile PF machine complemented by the universally versatile code would extend the utility of the PF experience; so that AAAPT continues to provide leadership in pulsed plasma research training in preparation for the Fusion Energy Age.

Lee, S.

2014-08-01

361

ARTicle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ARTicle is yet another entry in the arena of museum blogs, this time from the Art Institute of Chicago (AIC). ARTicle is intended to cover all sorts of subjects related to the AIC, and its six staff writers ask readers to, "Think of it as a little peek behind the scenes." The blog dates back to October of 2009, and visitors will find recent entries that include a staff picks entry, an entry on saints and symbols, and a short video featuring Robby S., a media assistant in Communications. In the video, Robby discusses Chilean painter Matta's The Earth Is a Man, 1942, which he describes as looking like a bunch of things floating in soup. Another recent post by Sarah M. investigates a piece currently on view in the modern wing, Shade by London-based Dutch designer Simon Heijdens, taking a look at how the work was installed and the possible meaning behind the work. If a "little peek behind the scenes" means the opportunity to hear people talking about art in an accessible and straightforward fashion, then ARTicle certainly achieves its stated goal.

362

American Journal of Primatology 74:11061127 (2012) RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

and Environmental Anthropology, Roehampton University, London, England 2Biodiversity Unit, National Institute of Psychology, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland 12Department of Biology, Winthrop University Center for Amazonian Biodiversity Research and Conservation, Chico Institute for Biodiversity

Lehman, Shawn M.

363

Integrating utilization-focused evaluation with business process modeling for clinical research improvement  

PubMed Central

New discoveries in basic science are creating extraordinary opportunities to design novel biomedical preventions and therapeutics for human disease. But the clinical evaluation of these new interventions is, in many instances, being hindered by a variety of legal, regulatory, policy and operational factors, few of which enhance research quality, the safety of study participants or research ethics. With the goal of helping increase the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical research, we have examined how the integration of utilization-focused evaluation with elements of business process modeling can reveal opportunities for systematic improvements in clinical research. Using data from the NIH global HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks, we analyzed the absolute and relative times required to traverse defined phases associated with specific activities within the clinical protocol lifecycle. Using simple median duration and Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis, we show how such time-based analyses can provide a rationale for the prioritization of research process analysis and re-engineering, as well as a means for statistically assessing the impact of policy modifications, resource utilization, re-engineered processes and best practices. Successfully applied, this approach can help researchers be more efficient in capitalizing on new science to speed the development of improved interventions for human disease. PMID:21552512

Kagan, Jonathan M; Rosas, Scott; Trochim, William M K

2011-01-01

364

www.irp.wisc.edu No. 142012 Fast Focus is an occasional, electronic-only supplement to Focus on recent poverty research.  

E-print Network

was devised to define and quantify poverty in America and thereby provide a yardstick for progress, or regress to Focus on recent poverty research. Each year, the U.S. Census Bureau releases a number of public reports on the level of poverty in the previous year and trends in the level and composition of the poor from year

Sheridan, Jennifer

365

www.irp.wisc.edu No. 152012 Fast Focus is an occasional, electronic-only supplement to Focus on recent poverty research.  

E-print Network

to Focus on recent poverty research. The Affordable Care Act: What does it do for low-income families conducted over the past 25 years makes a compelling case that having health insurance or using more medical the health care use, financial strain, and health of low-income adults using a randomized controlled design

Liblit, Ben

366

Culturally Responsible Research, Teacher Certification and Gifted Education Services: A Response to Persson's Target Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persson's (2012a) target article calls for a cultural sensitive research paradigm in the science of giftedness. It charts the potential threats to research validity affected by cultural bias having implications on study and practice in gifted education. The eight recommendations heading under: (1) mindset and habits; (2) research skills; and (3)…

Vidergor, Hava E.

2012-01-01

367

doi:10.4061/2011/976368 Research Article  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2011 Lucídio C. Fardelone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Enantioselective reductions of p-R1-C6H4C(O)CH2R2 (R1 = Cl, Br, CH3, OCH3, NO2 and R2 = Br, Cl) mediated by Geotrichum candidum CCT 1205 and Rhodotorula glutinis CCT 2182 afforded the corresponding halohydrins with complementary R and S configurations, respectively, in excellent yield and enantiomeric excesses. The obtained (R)- or (S)-halohydrins are important building blocks in chemical and pharmaceutical industries. 1.

Chiral Pharmaceutical; Intermediaries Obtained; Reduction Of -halo--(-substituted Phenyl)-ethanones; Lucídio C. Fardelone; J. Augusto; R. Rodrigues; Paulo J. S. Moran

368

Building Consensus in Science: Resources for Intertextual Dialog in Biology Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the way article writers bring prior texts into biology research articles. It studies the functional moves in which citations occur and their formal features, providing a better understanding of the linguistic resources that are used to construct intertextuality in science. The results show the functions of citations were…

Martinez, Iliana A.

2008-01-01

369

Building consensus in science: Resources for intertextual dialog in biology research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the way article writers bring prior texts into biology research articles. It studies the functional moves in which citations occur and their formal features, providing a better understanding of the linguistic resources that are used to construct intertextuality in science. The results show the functions of citations were strongly associated with the rhetorical moves in which

Iliana A. Martínez

2008-01-01

370

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A survey of primary care physician practices  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A survey of primary care physician practices in antibiotic prescribing://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2296/12/35 © 2011 Falchi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article the original work is properly cited. #12;antimicrobial therapy. Effective treatment not only era- dicates

371

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access RhoB modifies estrogen responses in breast  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access RhoB modifies estrogen responses in breast cancer cells by influencing Médale-Giamarchi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under receptor alpha (ERa) and progesterone receptor (PR). Methods: This finding was validated by our analysis

Boyer, Edmond

372

A Corpus-Based Syntactic Study of Medical Research Article Titles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English titles of medical research articles (RAs) are of great importance, the quality of which can, to a certain degree, affect impact factors of the articles, because many readers will make a decision as to whether to read on after reading titles. However, the special genre has not been extensively studied to date. This paper is designed to…

Wang, Yan; Bai, Yongquan

2007-01-01

373

Business Education Index 1994. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals and Yearbooks Published during the Year 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This index lists business education articles and research studies compiled from a selected list of 48 periodicals and yearbooks that were published during 1994 and that were selected because of their focus on business education or business education-related topics such as information systems (including business communications), business teacher…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; And Others

1995-01-01

374

Acute effects of trauma-focused research procedures on participant safety and distress.  

PubMed

The ethical conduct of research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires assessing the risks to study participants. Some previous findings suggest that patients with PTSD report higher distress compared to non-PTSD participants after trauma-focused research. However, the impact of study participation on participant risk, such as suicidal/homicidal ideation and increased desire to use drugs or alcohol, has not been adequately investigated. Furthermore, systematic evaluation of distress using pre- and post-study assessments, and the effects of study procedures involving exposure to aversive stimuli, are lacking. Individuals with a history of PTSD (n=68) and trauma-exposed non-PTSD controls (n=68) responded to five questions about risk and distress before and after participating in research procedures including a PTSD diagnostic interview and a behavioral task with aversive stimuli consisting of mild electrical shock. The desire to use alcohol or drugs increased modestly with study participation among the subgroup (n=48) of participants with current PTSD. Participation in these research procedures was not associated with increased distress or participant risk, nor did study participation interact with lifetime PTSD diagnosis. These results suggest some increase in distress with active PTSD but a participant risk profile that supports a favorable risk-benefit ratio for conducting research in individuals with PTSD. PMID:24262664

Brown, Vanessa M; Strauss, Jennifer L; LaBar, Kevin S; Gold, Andrea L; McCarthy, Gregory; Morey, Rajendra A

2014-01-30

375

Acute effects of trauma-focused research procedures on participant safety and distress  

PubMed Central

The ethical conduct of research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires assessing the risks to study participants. Some previous findings suggest that patients with PTSD report higher distress compared to non-PTSD participants after trauma-focused research. However, the impact of study participation on participant risk, such as suicidal/homicidal ideation and increased desire to use drugs or alcohol, has not been adequately investigated. Furthermore, systematic evaluation of distress using pre- and post-study assessments, and the effects of study procedures involving exposure to aversive stimuli, are lacking. Individuals with a history of PTSD (n=68) and trauma-exposed non-PTSD controls (n=68) responded to five participant risk and distress questions before and after participating in research procedures including a PTSD diagnostic interview and a behavioral task with aversive stimuli consisting of mild electrical shock. The desire to use alcohol or drugs increased modestly with study participation among the subgroup (n=48) of participants with current PTSD. Participation in these research procedures was not associated with increased distress or participant risk, nor did study participation interact with lifetime PTSD diagnosis. These results suggest some increase in distress with active PTSD but a participant risk profile that supports a favorable risk-benefit ratio for conducting research in individuals with PTSD. PMID:24262664

Brown, Vanessa M.; Strauss, Jennifer L.; LaBar, Kevin S.; Gold, Andrea L.; McCarthy, Gregory; Morey, Rajendra A.

2014-01-01

376

Economics at the FTC: Cases and research, with a focus on petroleum  

SciTech Connect

Economics at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) covers both the antitrust and consumer protection missions. In this year's essay, we focus mainly on the competition-side of the agency. Drawing on a wealth of recent research, we provide descriptive and analytical information about the petroleum industry. Mergers, as always, were a major preoccupation of the FTC, and we discuss a few oil industry mergers as well as one leading litigated case - Arch Coal's acquisition of Triton Coal. Finally, we review the empirical literature on the effects of vertical restraints, noting that the literature supporting an animus toward such restraints is surprisingly weak.

Froeb, L.; Cooper, J.; Frankena, M.; Pautler, P.; Silvia, L. [Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN (United States). Owen Graduate School of Management

2005-11-01

377

Research Article The Effects of Decreasing Winter Diet Quality on  

E-print Network

, browsing by introduced white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) negatively affected boreal forest, nutrition, Odocoileus virginianus, survival, white-tailed deer, winter. At high population density-History Traits of White- Tailed Deer Fawns JOE¨ LLE TAILLON, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council

Laval, Université

378

Research Article Toxicity Evaluation following Intratracheal Instillation of  

E-print Network

tracking [7, 14], or as heat mediators in hyperthermia treatments [15]. In order to be used for these types to the biocompatible properties, silica is less likely to degrade in a biological environment [16, 17]. Cancer- ing to the American Cancer Society [18]. In this context, research

379

RESEARCH ARTICLE Molecular identification of small cetacean samples from Peruvian  

E-print Network

Centre for Cetacean Research (CEPEC), Museo de Delfines, Pucusana, Lima 20, Peru 123 Conserv Genet (2010 and is pushing several populations and species to the verge of extinction. Thus, monitoring and quantifying by-catches is an important step towards proper and sustainable management of cetacean populations. Continuous studies

Citi, Sandra

380

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The zebrafish heart regenerates after cryoinjury-  

E-print Network

amphibians and teleost fish, recon- stitute the myocardium with only moderate scarring in newts, or with little or no scarring in zebrafish [6-8]. In contrast to mammals, adult newt and zebrafish cardio heart injuries in humans. Currently, the research on heart regeneration in newts and zebrafish is based

381

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Sensorimotor gating abnormalities in young males  

E-print Network

Mental Retardation Research Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most trinucleotide repeat in the promoter region of the fragile x mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene.2 The resulting absence, or reduced expression, of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is responsible

Silva, Alcino

382

Research Article The Effect of Snowmobile Trails on Coyote Movements  

E-print Network

Research Station, Box 8089, Missoula, MT 59807, USA ABSTRACT Coyotes (Canis latrans) and Canada lynx (Lynx and lynx. (JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT 71(5):1409­1418; 2007) DOI: 10.2193/2005-682 KEY WORDS Canis latrans, competition, coyote, lynx, Lynx canadensis, recreation, snow compaction, snowmobile, snowshoe

383

Research article Which trunk inclination directions best predict  

E-print Network

for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal, Institut de Réadaptation Gingras-sectional data. Setting: Pathokinesiology Laboratory. Participants: Twenty-one individuals with complete using laboratory-based outcome measures obtained using various biomechanical approaches (e.g. kinematics

Popovic, Milos R.

384

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Prevalence and socioeconomic and geographical  

E-print Network

in certain countries, such as the United States and Canada, where various studies have been conducted insecurity, whereas the percentage raises to 23.38% among those living below the poverty threshold ( epidemiology and poverty research [10,15,16]. The present economic crisis is having a strong impact

385

RESEARCH ARTICLE Estimation and propagation of volcanic source parameter  

E-print Network

of Geology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA e-mail: mib@buffalo.edu M. Jones Center for Computational Research, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA S. Carn Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA M. Pavolonis NOAA-NESDIS Center for Satellite

Singh, Tarunraj

386

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Inhibition/activation in bipolar disorder: validation  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Inhibition/activation in bipolar disorder: validation reactivity, Bipolar disorder, Factorial analysis, Scale, Clinical trial, Olanzapine * Correspondence/inhibition levels in all bipolar mood episodes, and to determine whether a clinical description in terms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

387

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Human papillomavirus type 16 E6 variants in  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Human papillomavirus type 16 E6 variants in France and risk of viral Background High-risk (HR) human papillomaviruses (HPVs), are the etiological agents of cervical cancer [1

Boyer, Edmond

388

Research article TheJournalofClinicalInvestigation http://www.jci.org  

E-print Network

Research article TheJournalofClinicalInvestigation http://www.jci.org Metformin inhibits(Pepck)geneexpressionwasunaffectedinwild-type,AMPK-deficient,andLKB1-defi- cienthepatocytes.Surprisingly,metformin-typehepatocytes.Thisinhibitioncorrelatedinadose-depen- dentmannerwithareductioninintracellularATPcontent,whichiscrucialforglucoseproduction.Moreover, metformin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A genome-wide search for common SNP x SNP  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A genome-wide search for common SNP x SNP interactions on the risk-associated genes known before the GWAS era, ABO, F2, F5 and FGG [5]. As for most multifactorial diseases, risk

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

390

Research Article MyLabStocks: a web-application to manage molecular  

E-print Network

Research Article MyLabStocks: a web-application to manage molecular biology materials Florent easily be extended to handle other types of stocks and it can be installed on any server architecture. MyLabStocks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

391

Exploratory research on bioactive natural products with a focus on biological phenomena  

PubMed Central

The discovery of new basic compounds holds the key for advancing material sciences. We have focused on the identification and characterization of natural key compounds that control biologically and physiologically intriguing phenomena. The discovery of new bioactive molecules, facilitated by a deeper understanding of nature, should advance our knowledge of biological processes and lead to new strategies to treat disease. The structure and function of natural compounds are sometimes unexpectedly original. Based on our past experience and results, we have carried out research to find new directions for compound exploration by directly learning from dynamic biological phenomena in the field, and have succeeded in creating a new research field in biological molecular sciences. PMID:20228620

Uemura, Daisuke

2010-01-01

392

doi:10.4061/2011/938257 Research Article  

E-print Network

Copyright © 2011 Emina Kasumagic-Halilovic et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Background. Vitiligo is a common skin disorder characterized by macular depigmentation of the skin. The etiopathogenesis of the disease is still unclear, but there is evidence that autoimmunity and endocrine disfunction may be involved. Objective. The aim of this study was to determine whether vitiligo is statistically associated with thyroid autoimmunity. Method. Ina prospective case-control study, we compared the frequency of thyroid autoantibodies (thyroglobulin antibody, anti-Tg and thyroid peroxidase antibody, and anti-TPO) in 33 patients with vitiligo and in 33 healthy volunteers. Thyroid autoantibodies and thyroid hormones (thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were measured in all subjects. Results. Thyroid functional abnormalities were found in 6 (18.18%) patients. Anti-Tg and anti-TPO were positive in 9 (27.27%) and 8 (24.24%) patients, respectively. In control group, only one subject (3.03%) had abnormalities in thyroid hormonal status, and two subjects had positive thyroid autoantibodies. Compared with the control group, the frequency of both anti-Tg and anti-TPO was significantly higher in those with vitiligo (P vitiligo and thyroid autoimmunity, and that tests to detect thyroid autoantibodies are relevant in patients with vitiligo. 1.

Association Between Vitiligo; Thyroid Autoimmunity; Emina Kasumagic-halilovic; Asja Prohic; Begler Begovic; Nermina Ovcina-kurtovic

393

New CLIVAR research focus: Consistency between planetary heat balance and ocean heat storage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate is very much about exchange of energy in the Earth System, and in particular in the form of heat. Quantifying these exchanges and how it affects our climate system is one of the key challenges faced by the climate research community. In this context, the Ocean-climate system - Variability, Predictability and Change (CLIVAR) project of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) has recently established a new research focus on "Consistency between Planetary Heat Balance and Ocean Heat Storage ". The main objective of the CLIVAR cross-cutting activity is to better understand the "role of the ocean in energy uptake " by analyzing consistency of heat budget components as seen by independent global observing systems, including (i) Earth Observation (EO) satellite data, (ii) in-situ measurements of ocean heat content storage changes, and (iii) Ocean reanalysis for heat transports and exchanges. The project aims at a refinement of a scientific framework on consistency between planetary heat balance and ocean heat storage; the evaluation of existing data sets and information products, their uncertainties and their consistency; recommendations on how to improve the observing systems and derived information products, assimilation methods, ocean and climate models and surface fluxes; contributing insights to related climate research topics such as anthropogenic climate change, seasonal climate prediction, decadal variability, predictability and prediction, as well as sea-level variability and change.

von Schuckmann, Karina; Visbeck, Martin; Haines, Keith; Mathieu, Pierre-Philippe; Gulev, Sergey; Barnier, Bernard; Trenberth, Kevin; Clayson, Carol Anne; Loeb, Norman; Palmer, Matthew

2014-05-01

394

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

395

Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research  

SciTech Connect

As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy.

De Vos, Winnok H., E-mail: winnok.devos@uantwerpen.be [Laboratory of Cell Biology and Histology, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp (Belgium); Cell Systems and Imaging Research Group, Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium); Beghuin, Didier [Lambda-X, Nivelles (Belgium); Schwarz, Christian J. [European Space Agency (ESA), ESTEC, TEC-MMG, Noordwijk (Netherlands); Jones, David B. [Institute for Experimental Orthopaedics and Biomechanics, Philipps University, Marburg (Germany); Loon, Jack J. W. A. van [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/Oral Pathology, VU University Medical Center and Department of Oral Cell Biology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H. K. [Physical Biology, BMLS (FB15, IZN), Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2014-10-15

396

Invited Review Article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy.

De Vos, Winnok H.; Beghuin, Didier; Schwarz, Christian J.; Jones, David B.; van Loon, Jack J. W. A.; Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H. K.

2014-10-01

397

Invited review article: Advanced light microscopy for biological space research.  

PubMed

As commercial space flights have become feasible and long-term extraterrestrial missions are planned, it is imperative that the impact of space travel and the space environment on human physiology be thoroughly characterized. Scrutinizing the effects of potentially detrimental factors such as ionizing radiation and microgravity at the cellular and tissue level demands adequate visualization technology. Advanced light microscopy (ALM) is the leading tool for non-destructive structural and functional investigation of static as well as dynamic biological systems. In recent years, technological developments and advances in photochemistry and genetic engineering have boosted all aspects of resolution, readout and throughput, rendering ALM ideally suited for biological space research. While various microscopy-based studies have addressed cellular response to space-related environmental stressors, biological endpoints have typically been determined only after the mission, leaving an experimental gap that is prone to bias results. An on-board, real-time microscopical monitoring device can bridge this gap. Breadboards and even fully operational microscope setups have been conceived, but they need to be rendered more compact and versatile. Most importantly, they must allow addressing the impact of gravity, or the lack thereof, on physiologically relevant biological systems in space and in ground-based simulations. In order to delineate the essential functionalities for such a system, we have reviewed the pending questions in space science, the relevant biological model systems, and the state-of-the art in ALM. Based on a rigorous trade-off, in which we recognize the relevance of multi-cellular systems and the cellular microenvironment, we propose a compact, but flexible concept for space-related cell biological research that is based on light sheet microscopy. PMID:25362364

De Vos, Winnok H; Beghuin, Didier; Schwarz, Christian J; Jones, David B; van Loon, Jack J W A; Bereiter-Hahn, Juergen; Stelzer, Ernst H K

2014-10-01

398

Strategies for Sharing Scientific Research on Sea Level Rise: Suggestions from Stakeholder Focus Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation reports results of focus groups with coastal resource managers on suggestions for effectively sharing sea level rise (SLR) scientific research with the public and other target audiences. The focus groups were conducted during three annual stakeholder workshops as an important and innovative component of an ongoing five-year multi-disciplinary NOAA-funded project, Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM). The EESLR-NGOM project is assessing SLR risks to the natural and built environment along the Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida Panhandle coasts. The purpose was to engage stakeholders (e.g., coastal resource managers) in helping target, translate, and tailor the EESLR-NGOM project's scientific findings and emerging products so they are readily accessible, understandable, and useful. The focus groups provided insight into stakeholders' SLR informational and operational needs, solicited input on the project's products, and gathered suggestions for public communication and outreach. A total of three ninety-minute focus groups of between eight and thirteen participants each were conducted at annual workshops in Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi. The moderator asked a series of open-ended questions about SLR-related topics using an interview guide and encouraged participant interaction. All focus group audio-recordings were transcribed, and analyzed by carefully reading the 102 total pages of transcript data and identifying patterns and themes. Participants thought outreach about SLR impact and the EESLR-NGOM project scientific research/products was vital and acknowledged various communication challenges and opportunities. They identified three target audiences (local officials, general public, coastal resource managers themselves) that likely require different educational efforts and tools. Participants felt confident the EESLR-NGOM project products will benefit their resource planning and decision making and believed the project will have positive implications for diverse vested entities. Gaining public and local leader support was considered crucial in fostering funding and favorable policies with respect to project goals. However, it was expected that certain target audiences will need to be better educated on ecological aspects of the project and convinced of its significance for this to be achieved. Suggested formats for the EESLR-NGOM research results included maps with precision and flexibility for adjustments over time, across geographic domains, and for different levels of user sophistication, as well as simplified presentations that can be readily shared. There was emphasis on visuals and demonstrations for accessibility and engagement by multiple audiences. While participants thought handouts, brochures, and graphical illustrations would be effective, they also advocated using new digital media. Further, participants advised that time frames and language be adjusted to resonate with target audiences, especially in communicating risk. Branding a unique identity for the EESLR-NGOM project/products was encouraged. Message consistency was considered key for optimal outcomes. The ongoing feedback has resulted in year-by-year refinements of the research process and scientific product development, which has been central to gaining confidence of the target audiences.

DeLorme, D.; Hagen, S. C.; Stephens, S. H.

2013-12-01

399

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

400

Promotional (Meta)Discourse in Research Articles in Language and Literary Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now widely recognized that self-promotion in academic discourse varies across disciplines. Whereas most analysts focus on publicization techniques in natural and social sciences, the humanities have received much less attention. This article investigates the strategies associated with promotional (meta)discourse in the humanities. In…

Afros, Elena; Schryer, Catherine F.

2009-01-01

401

New Financial and Research Models for Pediatric Orphan Drug Development - Focus on the NCATS TRND Program  

PubMed Central

While there are approximately 7,000 identified human diseases considered as "rare" based on population prevalence or incidence, the cumulative impact runs into the millions of patients globally. Although the genetic underpinnings of more than 2,000 rare diseases have been elucidated, there remains a paucity of therapeutic options, frequently due to lack of commercial interest. Development programs suffer high attrition within the so-called "Valley of Death," in which the risks of scientific failure are still too high to justify the increasing development costs. This problem is common to any drug development campaign, but it is particularly exacerbated in the rare diseases, many of which arise in childhood. To stimulate development of therapeutics for these otherwise underserved patient populations, a number of regulatory incentives and research initiatives have been established. Extended patent protections, expedited regulatory reviews for qualified drug sponsors, and clinical trial grant support aim to foster interest in completing development programs. To stimulate researchers to embark on rare disease drug development campaigns, earlier-stage preclinical research resources have been created, as well, such as the Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases (TRND) program at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). TRND is a unique NIH program created to support drug development through formation of public-private partnerships. These partnerships leverage the robust biopharmaceutical industry experience of the TRND staff scientists and the deep disease area expertise of the collaborating partners. Each project adopted into the TRND portfolio aims to satisfy two broad goals: developing a novel therapy for a rare or otherwise neglected disease, and exploring ways to accelerate the drug development process overall so that lessons learned can be disseminated to the wider community undertaking translational research. This article discusses common obstacles and opportunities for therapeutic development, and provides examples of the types of projects TRND has undertaken across a broad range of pediatric rare disorders. PMID:24855373

Shen, John; Grewal, Gurmit; Pilon, Andre M.; McKew, John C.

2014-01-01

402

RESEARCH ARTICLE Phylogenetic Molecular Ecological Network of Soil Microbial  

E-print Network

atmospheric concentrations of CO2, is a central goal in ecology but is poorly understood in microbial ecology. Here we describe a novel random matrix theory (RMT)-based conceptual framework to discern phylogenetic molecular ecological networks using metagenomic sequencing data of 16S rRNA genes from grassland soil microbial communities, which were sampled from a long-term free-air CO2 enrichment experimental facility at the Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve in Minnesota. Our experimental results demonstrated that an RMT-based network approach is very useful in delineating phylogenetic molecular ecological networks of microbial communities based on high-throughput metagenomic sequencing data. The structure of the identified networks under ambient and elevated CO2 levels was substantially different in terms of overall network topology, network composition, node overlap, module preservation, module-based higher-order organization, topological roles of individual nodes, and network hubs, suggesting that the network interactions among different phylogenetic groups/populations were markedly changed. Also, the changes in network structure were significantly correlated with soil carbon and nitrogen contents, indicating the potential importance of network interactions in ecosystem functioning. In addition, based on network topology, microbial populations potentially most important to community structure and ecosystem functioning can be discerned. The novel approach described in this study is important not only for research on biodiversity, microbial ecology, and systems microbiology

Communities Response; Elevated Co

403

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Prevalence of fibromyalgia in France: a multi-step  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Prevalence of fibromyalgia in France: a multi-step study research: Fibromyalgia is a common disease, but little is known on its real prevalence in France. This epidemiological study aimed to assess fibromyalgia (FM) prevalence in the French metropolitan population, based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

404

DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS REVIEW ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2008; 24: 604610.  

E-print Network

DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS REVIEW ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2008; 24: 604 Nanomedicine and its potential in diabetes research and practice John C. Pickup1* Zheng-Liang Zhi1 Faaizah Khan­100 nm. Although the science is still in its infancy, it has major potential applications in diabetes

Strathclyde, University of

405

The Vocabulary Thresholds of Business Textbooks and Business Research Articles for EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research compiled two corpora, one for English-medium textbooks for business core courses (totaling 7.2 million running words) and the other for business research articles (7.62 million tokens), to form a basis of analysis. The results show that knowledge of the most frequent 3500 word families and 5000 word families plus proper nouns would…

Hsu, Wenhua

2011-01-01

406

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Patient-derived xenografts of triple-negative breast  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Patient-derived xenografts of triple-negative breast cancer reproduce* and Stefanie S Jeffrey1* Abstract Introduction: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is aggressive and lacks 2014, 16:R36 http://breast-cancer-research.com/content/16/2/R36 #12;Introduction Triple-negativ

Matin, A.C.

407

Review Article: Second Language Acquisition of Bantu Languages--A (Mostly) Untapped Research Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review article presents a summary of research on the second language acquisition of Bantu languages, including Swahili, Zulu, Xhosa and Lingala. Although second language (L2) research on these languages is currently very limited, work in morphosyntax and phonology suggests promising directions for future study, particularly on noun class,…

Spinner, Patti

2011-01-01

408

RESEARCH ARTICLES NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOL 18 DECEMBER 2000 http://biotech.nature.com 1262  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOL 18 DECEMBER 2000 http://biotech.nature.com 1262 research by allow- ing the analysis of global gene expression patterns. Oligonucleotide arrays have been with a single base mismatch at the central position (the mismatch, or MM oligonu- cleotide), which serves

Church, George M.

409

Cognitive Genre Structures in Methods Sections of Research Articles: A Corpus Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a corpus investigation of the Methods sections of research-reporting articles in academic journals. In published pedagogic materials, Swales and Feak [Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. (1994). Academic writing for graduate students. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press; Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. (2000). English in today's research…

Bruce, Ian

2008-01-01

410

Epistemology in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Published Articles, 2008-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the epistemological foundations of qualitative social work research. A template-based review was completed on 100 articles from social work journals. Reviewers examined five things: (1) the purpose or aims of the research, (2) the rationale or justification for the work, (3) the populations studied, (4) the presence of four…

Gringeri, Christina; Barusch, Amanda; Cambron, Christopher

2013-01-01

411

Document Structure and Digital Libraries: How Researchers Mobilize Information in Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how academic researchers disaggregate and reaggregate scientific journal articles in both print and digital environments. Analyzes data gathered in the NSF/DARPA/NASA Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI) project at the University of Illinois to describe how components are mobilized in the work of researchers as they identify, retrieve, read…

Bishop, Ann Peterson

1999-01-01

412

RESEARCH ARTICLE The proteome survey of an electricity-generating organ  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE The proteome survey of an electricity-generating organ (Torpedo californica electric organ) Javad Nazarian1 , Yetrib Hathout1 , Akos Vertes2 and Eric P. Hoffman1 1 Research Center Chondrichthyes. Electric rays have evolved the electric organ, which is similar to the mammalian neuromuscular

Vertes, Akos

413

Riddle of addiction lures researchers / Complex network of brain mechanisms underlies cravings Back to Article  

E-print Network

Riddle of addiction lures researchers / Complex network of brain mechanisms underlies cravings Back to Article Riddle of addiction lures researchers Complex network of brain mechanisms underlies cravings Carl the alcoholism and cocaine addiction that once threatened everything are still threats, hardwired into her brain

Goldstein, Rita

414

This article was downloaded by:[Max Planck Inst & Research Groups Consortium] On: 23 April 2008  

E-print Network

This article was downloaded by:[Max Planck Inst & Research Groups Consortium] On: 23 April 2008. Vrakking a a FOM Instituut voor Atoom en Molecuul Fysica (AMOLF), Amsterdam, 1098 SJ, The Netherlands b Max-Planck;DownloadedBy:[MaxPlanckInst&ResearchGroupsConsortium]At:13:4923April2008 Molecular Physics Vol. 106, Nos. 2

Kling, Matthias

415

Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA)to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

Harmon, Harry D.

2000-05-15

416

Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

Harmon, Harry D.

2000-11-30

417

THE EMERGING FOCUS ON LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT IN THE U. S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRML-1126A Curran*, M.A. The Emerging Focus on Life-Cycle Assessment in the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3rd Dixy Lee Ray memorial Sym, Washington, DC, 12/29-31/00. Techology: Journal of the Franklin Institute (Moghissi, A.A. (Ed.)) 8:287-290 (2002). EPA/600/J-02/239,...

418

Spatial Focus of MSc and PhD Agricultural Research in Denmark, U.S., and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a strong focus in agricultural higher education thesis projects on lower levels of spatial scale such as molecular biology, at the expense of broader systems focus at the farm, landscape, and regional levels. We found that MSc and PhD projects over three years in three countries were consistent in this basic research emphasis. A majority of students in

Vibeke Langer; Jesper Rasmussen; Charles Francis

2007-01-01

419

Field-based, research-focused experiential learning in undergraduate geoscience and physical geography classes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Field-based experiential learning in undergraduate courses in geosciences or physical geography is essential for cementing theoretical understanding through observation, illustrating the complexity of natural systems, understanding uncertainty in observational records and providing students with tools to teach themselves beyond the instructor and the classroom. In addition, it helps stimulate interest in pursuing graduate studies and associated research in many important bio-geophysical topics. There is a real challenge to provide this type of learning opportunity to large numbers of students and to students currently under-represented in the geosciences. The learning experience in this case was focused around experimental deployment of a sophisticated atmospheric profiling system over a weekend field trip involving 50 students from three classes in two campuses; San Francisco State University and San Jose State University. Students were involved in experimental design, instrument calibration and field deployment, manual measurements and data analysis phases of field-based experimental research. The results of student work is presented as well as specific student responses to the field experience that highlight the pedagogical values provided as well as challenges to improve the learning opportunity.

Oliphant, A. J.; Ackerman, A.; Flynn, M.; Mclain, J.; Moller, C.; Clements, C. B.

2011-12-01

420

Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic. PMID:23335488

2013-01-01

421

Integration of Research and Practice in Substance Use Disorder Treatment: Findings from Focus Groups of Clinicians, Researchers, Educators, Administrators, and Policy Makers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinicians, researchers, educators, administrators, and policy makers, who represented stakeholders in the substance abuse treatment field, participated in 5 focus groups. Four general areas regarding integration of research and practice were investigated: definition of research, training/education, current integration, and future integration.…

Campbell, Todd C.; Daood, Christopher; Catlin, Lynn; Abelson, Alissa

2005-01-01

422

Second Language Research Forum Colloquia 2009: Colloquium--Measuring the Effectiveness of Focus on Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus on form, i.e. brief attention to language items within a larger meaning-focused context (Long 1991; Ellis 2001), occurs in a variety of L2 instructional contexts. Meta-analyses of the effectiveness of focus on form have found overall positive effects; however, these meta-analyses have commented on the small number of studies available for…

Loewen, Shawn

2011-01-01

423

Child and Adolescent Empirical Psychotherapy Research: A Review Focused on Cognitive-Behavioral and Psychodynamic-Informed Psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews child and adolescent psychotherapy research, with a focus on two major theoretical classes of psychotherapies: cognitive-behavior and psychoanalytic psychotherapies. Our interest is particularly drawn to different issues: definition of psychotherapy and research on outcome and process. Specific attention is given developmental issues. We identify the major results and problems and propose methodological strategies for improving psychotherapeutic treatment

Adriana Lis; Alessandro Zennaro; Claudia Mazzeschi

2001-01-01

424

“You've Gotta Know the Community”: Minority Women Make Recommendations About Community-Focused Health Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To determine what ethnic and racial minority women recommend as the best approaches to participatory health research in their communities. To achieve this goal, this study focused on HIV prevention research.Methods: In 2003, Seven African American and seven Latina women (ages 33 to 52), all members of an HIV Prevention Collaborative Board, participated in individual interviews, lasting about 90

Rogério M. Pinto; Mary M. McKay; Celeste Escobar

2008-01-01

425

'Automotive': Research focus on mobility, technology and environment at the Otto-von-Guericke-University of Magdeburg  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looking at technological developments for human mobility and transportation of materials and products including their impacts on the environment (local as well as global) and on the infrastructure of regions, a need for interdisciplinary research and development becomes particularly obvious for covering societal as well as individual needs in future. After outlining the recently established research focus \\

Volker Linneweber

426

Reprint of "Citation analysis as a measure of article quality, journal influence and individual researcher performance".  

PubMed

The research-related performance of universities, as well as that of individual researchers, is increasingly evaluated through the use of objective measures, or metrics, which seek to support or in some cases even replace more traditional methods of peer review. In particular there is a growing awareness in research communities, government organisations and funding bodies around the concept of using evaluation metrics to analyse research citations. The tools available for 'citation analysis' are many and varied, enabling a quantification of scientific quality, academic impact and prestige. However there is increasing concern regarding the potential misuse of such tools, which have limitations in certain research disciplines.This article uses 'real world' examples from radiography research and scholarship to illustrate the range of currently available citation analysis tools. It explores the academic debate surrounding their strengths and limitations, and identifies the potential impact of citation analysis on the radiography research community.The article concludes that citation analysis is a valuable tool for researchers to use for personal reflection and research planning, yet there are inherent dangers if it is used inappropriately. Whilst citation analysis can give objective information regarding an individual, research group, journal or higher education institution, it should not be used as a total substitute for traditional qualitative review and peer assessment. PMID:23566748

Nightingale, Julie M; Marshall, Gill

2013-09-01

427

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH (EPA/640/K-95/004)  

EPA Science Inventory

This brochure describes the mechanisms of and problems associated with stratospheric ozone depletion as well as some of the Office of Research and Development's (ORD) associated research projects. The Office of Research and Development has pursued a multifaceted research program ...

428

Lunar e-Library: A Research Tool Focused on the Lunar Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As NASA plans and implements the Vision for Space Exploration, managers, engineers, and scientists need lunar environment information that is readily available and easily accessed. For this effort, lunar environment data was compiled from a variety of missions from Apollo to more recent remote sensing missions, such as Clementine. This valuable information comes not only in the form of measurements and images but also from the observations of astronauts who have visited the Moon and people who have designed spacecraft for lunar missions. To provide a research tool that makes the voluminous lunar data more accessible, the Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program, managed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, AL, organized the data into a DVD knowledgebase: the Lunar e-Library. This searchable collection of 1100 electronic (.PDF) documents and abstracts makes it easy to find critical technical data and lessons learned from past lunar missions and exploration studies. The SEE Program began distributing the Lunar e-Library DVD in 2006. This paper describes the Lunar e-Library development process (including a description of the databases and resources used to acquire the documents) and the contents of the DVD product, demonstrates its usefulness with focused searches, and provides information on how to obtain this free resource.

McMahan, Tracy A.; Shea, Charlotte A.; Finckenor, Miria; Ferguson, Dale

2007-01-01

429

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access In vitro biological effects of two anti-diabetic  

E-print Network

Organization has estimated that 80% of the world's population use botanical medicine for their primary healthRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access In vitro biological effects of two anti-diabetic medicinal plants used in Benin as folk medicine Fifa TD Bothon1,2,3 , Eric Debiton1,2* , Felicien Avlessi3 , Christiane Forestier

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

430

THE JOURNAL OF GENE MEDICINE RESEARCH ARTICLE J Gene Med 2005; 7: 595603.  

E-print Network

THE JOURNAL OF GENE MEDICINE RESEARCH ARTICLE J Gene Med 2005; 7: 595­603. Published online 13-mediated subselective intracoronary gene delivery to the rabbit heart: introduction of a novel method Cyrus J. Parsa1 University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA 3 The Center for Translational Medicine, Thomas Jefferson

Nicchitta, Chris

431

Research article Protein marking reveals predation on termites by the woodland ant,  

E-print Network

Research article Protein marking reveals predation on termites by the woodland ant, Aphaenogaster; accepted 26 March 2007. Published Online First 20 April 2007 Abstract. Subterranean termites provide a major poten- tial food source for forest-dwelling ants, yet the inter- actions between ants and termites

Buczkowski, Grzegorz

432

RESEARCH ARTICLE Fatty Acids in Mountain Gorilla Diets: Implications for Primate Nutrition and  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Fatty Acids in Mountain Gorilla Diets: Implications for Primate Nutrition of the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei) were analyzed for fatty acid concentrations. Fruits and herbaceous.3 Ã? SD 0.8%). The mean daily EE intake by gorillas was 3.1% (DM). Fat provided %14% of the total

Rothman, Jessica M.

433

JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH 71, 3240 (1997) ARTICLE NO. JR964993  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH 71, 32­40 (1997) ARTICLE NO. JR964993 Optical Biopsy with Optical Coherence Tomography: Feasibility for Surgical Diagnostics1 Mark E. Brezinski, M.D., Ph.D.,* Gary J. Tearney infrared light to perform cross-sectional imaging thermore, the range of disorders amenable to surgical

Boppart, Stephen

434

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Origin of land plants: Do conjugating green algae  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Origin of land plants: Do conjugating green algae hold the key? Sabina (embryophytes) evolved from streptophyte algae, also referred to as charophycean algae. The streptophyte algae are a paraphyletic group of green algae, ranging from unicellular flagellates to morphologically complex forms

435

Research Article Open Access Volume 1 Issue 1 1000e103  

E-print Network

Research Article Open Access Volume 1 · Issue 1 · 1000e103 Oceanography ISSN: Oceanography, an open access journal Open AccessEditorial Oceanography deYoung, Oceanography 2013, 1:1 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/ocn.1000e103 *Corresponding author: Brad deYoung, Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography

deYoung, Brad

436

RESEARCH ARTICLE A novel index of land use intensity for organic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE A novel index of land use intensity for organic and conventional farming is closely related to land use. Intensive land use is considered to be a major cause of biodiversity loss. Most studies addressing the effect of land use intensity on biodiversity have compared organic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetic structure of in situ wild Sorghum bicolor  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Population genetic structure of in situ wild Sorghum bicolor in its Ethiopian extinction. Ethiopia is the center of origin for sorghum, yet little is known about thegeneticstructure regions, 8 local cultivar popula- tions from three regions, and 10 wild sorghum acces- sions from several

Snow, Allison A.

438

RESEARCH ARTICLE A novel soil organic C model using climate, soil type  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE A novel soil organic C model using climate, soil type and management data-Verlag, France 2012 Abstract This report evidences factors controlling soil or- ganic carbon at the national scale by modelling data of 2,158 soil samples from France. The global soil carbon amount, of about 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

439

Research Article Copper pathology in vulnerable brain regions in Parkinson's disease  

E-print Network

1 Research Article Copper pathology in vulnerable brain regions in Parkinson's disease Katherine M substantia nigra (SN) and locus coeruleus (LC), and non-degenerating brain regions, in cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) and appropriate healthy and disease controls. In PD and incidental Lewy body disease (ILBD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Research article Spatial pattern analysis of pre-and post-hurricane forest canopy structure  

E-print Network

Research article Spatial pattern analysis of pre- and post-hurricane forest canopy structure May 2002; accepted in revised form 9 January 2003 Key words: Autocorrelation, Canopy topography disturbance history. Using laser altimetry and field measures of canopy top height to represent pre- and post

Weishampel, John F.

441

RESEARCH ARTICLE The effect of canopy roughness density on the constitutive  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE The effect of canopy roughness density on the constitutive components canopy morphology on turbulence remains a fundamental chal- lenge yet to be confronted. Planar averaging of the dispersive stresses for a cylindric canopy where the rod density was varied but the individual rod dimensions

Katul, Gabriel

442

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Do North Atlantic eels show parallel patterns of  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Do North Atlantic eels show parallel patterns of spatially varying Bernatchez6 and Michael M Hansen1* Abstract Background: The two North Atlantic eel species, the European and the American eel, represent an ideal system in which to study parallel selection patterns due to their sister

Bernatchez, Louis

443

Research article Regulation of the Arabidopsis thaliana vitamin B6 biosynthesis  

E-print Network

Research article Regulation of the Arabidopsis thaliana vitamin B6 biosynthesis genes by abiotic February 2006; accepted 15 January 2007 Available online 20 January 2007 Abstract Vitamin B6 (pyridoxineE 1. Introduction Vitamin B6, in its active form pyridoxal 50 -phosphate, is an essential co

Daub, Margaret

444

Research article The SOS4 pyridoxal kinase is required for maintenance of vitamin  

E-print Network

Research article The SOS4 pyridoxal kinase is required for maintenance of vitamin B6-mediated t Vitamin B6 (pyridoxal 50 -phosphate and its vitamers) is an important cofactor in numerous enzymatic reactions. In spite of its importance, the consequences of altering vitamin B6 content on plant growth

Daub, Margaret

445

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Expression profiling of prospero in the Drosophila  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Expression profiling of prospero in the Drosophila larval chemosensory of the Drosophila larva and is involved in gustatory and olfactory perception. We have previously shown in the Drosophila larvae nervous system, enabled us to identify one functional category of potential Prospero target

Boyer, Edmond

446

Research article Factors responsible for the co-occurrence of forested and unforested rock  

E-print Network

Research article Factors responsible for the co-occurrence of forested and unforested rock outcrops forest, Diverging types, Fire, Primary succession, Secondary succession Abstract Rock outcrops-occurrence of forested and unforested rock outcrops: (1) differences in bedrock geology, with unforested outcrops

Asselin, Hugo

447

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access EMMPRIN/CD147 up-regulates urokinase-type  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access EMMPRIN/CD147 up-regulates urokinase-type plasminogen activatorPA contributes to EMMPRIN's effect in promoting oral tumor invasion. Keywords: EMMPRIN/CD147, uPA, Oral squamous to involve the intervention of proteinases [3-5]. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN/CD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

448

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The effect of patient characteristics on second  

E-print Network

of cancer survival due to more frequent early detection and advances in cancer treatments, the cancerRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The effect of patient characteristics on second primary cancer risk11,14 , Anne-Sophie Woronoff12,14 and Michel Velten1,2,13,14 Abstract Background: Although cancer

Boyer, Edmond

449

RESEARCH ARTICLE Drag and lift reduction of a 3D bluff-body using active vortex  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Drag and lift reduction of a 3D bluff-body using active vortex generators Jean forces (drag and lift) induced on the bluff- body is investigated. The high sensitivity to many geo demonstrated. The maximum drag reduction is -12%, while the maximum global lift reduc- tion can reach more than

Wesfreid, José Eduardo

450

Research article Nest site choice compensates for climate effects on sex  

E-print Network

Research article Nest site choice compensates for climate effects on sex ratios in a lizard with environmental sex determination J. SEAN DOODY1, *, ENZO GUARINO1 , ARTHUR GEORGES1 , BEN COREY1 , GLEN MURRAY1 selection on two traits, maternal nesting behaviour and pivotal temperatures (those that divide the sexes

Canberra, University of

451

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Modifiable exposures to air pollutants related to  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Modifiable exposures to air pollutants related to asthma phenotypes air pollutants and childhood asthma, but these associations have scarcely been documented in the early life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impacts of various air pollutants

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

452

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Impact of non-dialysis chronic kidney disease on  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Impact of non-dialysis chronic kidney disease on survival in patients* Abstract Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to expose the patient to a high risk of death) or kidney transplantation (n=14) were excluded. A total of 163 patients were included. The population

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

ARTICLE IN PRESS Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 13371346  

E-print Network

ARTICLE IN PRESS Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 1337­1346 Antarctic-type blue whale calls recorded 2004 Abstract Blue whales, Balaenoptera musculus, were once abundant around the Antarctic during by over 99%. Although interannual variability of blue whale occurrence on the Antarctic feeding grounds

Bohnenstiehl, Delwayne

454

Personal and Impersonal Authorial References: A Contrastive Study of English and Italian Linguistics Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-cultural approach is taken to analyse Linguistics research articles in English and Italian in terms of 1) the use of exclusive first-person subject pronouns in English and first-person inflected verbs in Italian, and 2) the passive voice in both languages and "si" constructions in Italian. The aim is to determine whether personal and…

Molino, Alessandra

2010-01-01

455

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Adherence to a Mediterranean diet in Morocco  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Adherence to a Mediterranean diet in Morocco and its correlates: cross. This study aimed to analyse socio-demographic factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet (Me in Morocco. Background The Mediterranean Diet (MeDi) is the dietary pattern usually consumed among

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

456

I WISH TO RETRACT THE RESEARCH ARTICLE "Hairpin RNAs and retrotransposon LTRs  

E-print Network

Retraction I WISH TO RETRACT THE RESEARCH ARTICLE "Hairpin RNAs and retrotransposon LTRs effect as a potentially useful pesticide to combat malaria. For over a century, M. anisopliae has been used to extracts of M. anisopliae developed responses similar to those of human allergic asthmatics. Additionally

Read, Andrew

457

RESEARCH ARTICLES Genome-Wide and Organ-Specific Landscapes of Epigenetic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Genome-Wide and Organ-Specific Landscapes of Epigenetic Modifications complex genome with a rich history in both epigenetics and evolution. We report genomic landscapes of representative epigenetic modifications and their relationships to mRNA and small RNA (smRNA) transcriptomes

Wang, Xiangfeng "Bryan"

458

Review Article: Facing Two Ways? Reflections on Recent Research on Religious Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, author Trevor Cooling presents a review of three books that disseminate recent research on religious schools. The first, "Leadership and Religious Schools: International Perspectives and Challenges," edited by Michael T. Buchanan, is an edited volume of essays about leadership in religious schools. Editor Michael…

Cooling, Trevor

2014-01-01

459

Biol. Cell (2005) 97, 397414 (Printed in Great Britain) Research article  

E-print Network

Biol. Cell (2005) 97, 397­414 (Printed in Great Britain) Research article Phylogeny and evolution they are mostly restricted to fluid-conducting organs such as kidney and lungs or to secretory (salivary, lacrimal human red blood cells and shown to increase the per- meability of water in Xenopus oocytes (Preston et

Zardoya, Rafael

460

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Rifampicin mono-resistant tuberculosis in France  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Rifampicin mono-resistant tuberculosis in France: a 2005 in tuberculosis. Therefore, we sought to describe the characteristics and management of Rifampicin monoresistant (RMR) tuberculosis (TB) in France. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis in 2012 on RMR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

461

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Cross-reactivities between human IgMs and the  

E-print Network

and an immunogen in vaccine candidates. Keywords: Cross-reactivity, Dengue Virus, Discrimination, Flavivirus, HumanRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Cross-reactivities between human IgMs and the four serotypes of dengue,2 , Philippe Dussart3 , Laetitia Bremand3 and Hugues Bedouelle1,2* Abstract Background: Dengue fever

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

462

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Climatic-driven seasonality of emerging dengue  

E-print Network

serotypes interactions, knowledge of prime importance for vaccine development. Keywords: Dengue feverRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Climatic-driven seasonality of emerging dengue fever in Hanoi, Vietnam Background: Dengue fever (DF) has been emerging in Hanoi over the last decade. Both DF epidemiology

Choisy, Marc

463

RESEARCH ARTICLES Arabidopsis DDB1-CUL4 ASSOCIATED FACTOR1 Forms a  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLES Arabidopsis DDB1-CUL4 ASSOCIATED FACTOR1 Forms a Nuclear E3 Ubiquitin Ligase with DDB1 and CUL4 That Is Involved in Multiple Plant Developmental Processes W Yu Zhang,a,b Suhua Feng,c,1, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 The human DDB1-CUL4 ASSOCIATED FACTOR (DCAF

Deng, Xing-Wang

464

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differences in gait characteristics between total hip,  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differences in gait characteristics between total hip, knee, and ankle arthroplasty (THA), total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) with a group of healthy side-to-side asymmetries in gait characteristics. Keywords: Gait, Arthroplasty, Hip, Knee, Ankle

Boyer, Edmond

465

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparison of tertiary structures of proteins in  

E-print Network

of allosteric sites in signalling proteins, whose mutations commonly lead to diseases such as cancer, provides interactions between proteins within the cell or from pathogens cause many human dis- eases [6]. ProteinRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparison of tertiary structures of proteins in protein-protein

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

466

Research Article High dispersal capacity of a broad spectrum of aquatic  

E-print Network

Research Article High dispersal capacity of a broad spectrum of aquatic invertebrates via invertebrates pre-dates Dar- win. However, there is a critical shortage of field studies quantifying such dispersal. We quantified the viability of aquatic invertebrates in the faeces of different waterfowl species

Green, Andy J.

467

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Activation of pro-oncogenic pathways in  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Activation of pro-oncogenic pathways in colorectal hyperplastic polyps involved in colon carcinogenesis and is known to activate pro-oncogenic pathways such as the ERK a malignant potential. Keywords: Hyperplastic polyps, Colorectal, Progastrin, ERK, STAT3, Pro-oncogenic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have

David Shotton; Katie Portwin; Graham Klyne; Alistair Miles

2009-01-01

469

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Identification of shared single copy nuclear genes  

E-print Network

-PCR in the family Brassicaceae. Results: There are 959 single copy nuclear genes shared in Arabidopsis, PopulusRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Identification of shared single copy nuclear genes in Arabidopsis in angiosperms are members of gene families, and both gene- and genome-duplication are pervasive forces in plant

dePamphilis, Claude

470

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genomic analysis of expressed sequence tags in  

E-print Network

panda, spectacled bear, and six species within the Ursus genus (brown, polar, sloth, sun, and Asiatic, and females of polar bears (U. mariti- mus), hibernate when pregnant [7]. Hibernation is an energy savingRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genomic analysis of expressed sequence tags in American black bear

Barnes, Brian McRae

471

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Anti-hyperglycemic effects of three medicinal  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Anti-hyperglycemic effects of three medicinal plants in diabetic pregnancy: modulation of T cell proliferation Akadiri Yessoufou1* , Joachim Gbenou2 , Oussama Grissa3 , Aziz poor. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-hyperglycemic effects of Picralima nitida

Boyer, Edmond

472

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Simple sequence repeat variation in the Daphnia  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Simple sequence repeat variation in the Daphnia pulex genome Way Sung1 and mutation across gnomes. The recently sequenced Daphnia pulex genome provides us with a valuable data set. Results: Here we catalogue SSR loci in the Daphnia pulex genome with repeated motif sizes of 1

Lynch, Michael

473

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Bone fragility in sarcoidosis and relationships with  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Bone fragility in sarcoidosis and relationships with calcium of fragility fractures in patients with sarcoidosis is a serious concern and the potential risk to determine the link among bone fragility and calcium and vitamin D metabolism in this population. Methods: We

Boyer, Edmond

474

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Evolution of major milk proteins in Mus musculus  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Evolution of major milk proteins in Mus musculus and Mus spretus mouse phenotypes including quantitative trait loci. Mus spretus diverged from Mus musculus around 2.5 million years of Mus spretus and Mus musculus species, respectively. Results: The milk protein concentration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

A Genre-Based Investigation of Discussion Sections of Research Articles in Dentistry and Disciplinary Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outwardly the rhetorical organisation of sections of research reports in different disciplines can appear similar. Close examination, however, may reveal subtle differences. Numerous studies have drawn on the genre-based approach developed by Swales (1990, 2004) to investigate the schematic structure of sections of articles in a range of…

Basturkmen, Helen

2012-01-01

476

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Knowledge-based extraction of adverse drug  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Knowledge-based extraction of adverse drug events from biomedical text of adverse drug events from biomedical text. The system consists of a concept recognition module of 1644 abstracts with manually annotated adverse drug events. Fifty abstracts were used for training

Kaski, Samuel

477

JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE RESEARCH ARTICLE J Tissue Eng Regen Med (2010).  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE RESEARCH ARTICLE J Tissue Eng Regen Med Developing a tissue-engineered model of the human bronchiole Cheryl Miller1*, Steven George2 and Laura by anatomical, physiological and functional changes. A tissue-engineered model of bronchiole remodelling

George, Steven C.

478

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Clostridium sticklandii, a specialist in amino acid  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Clostridium sticklandii, a specialist in amino acid degradation belongs to a cluster of non-pathogenic proteolytic clostridia which utilize amino acids as carbon such as the Stickland reaction, coenzyme-B12- and selenium-dependent reactions of amino acids. With the goal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

Rigor in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Strategies Used in Published Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to describe strategies used by social work researchers to enhance the rigor of their qualitative work. A template was developed and used to review a random sample of 100 articles drawn from social work journals listed in the "2005 Journal Citation Reports: Science and Social Sciences Edition." Results suggest that the most…

Barusch, Amanda; Gringeri, Christina; George, Molly

2011-01-01

480

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The work pattern of personal care workers in two  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The work pattern of personal care workers in two Australian nursing care workers (PCWs) in nursing homes. This knowledge is important for staff performance appraisal, task as measurements to describe the work pattern. Results: Personal care workers spent about 70.0% of their time

Yu, Ping

481

RESEARCH ARTICLE Are barnacle larvae able to escape from the threat of UV?  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Are barnacle larvae able to escape from the threat of UV? Wai-Lun Chiang Ã? Rudolf that environmental levels of UV-B radiation can damage the eyes of barnacle naupliar larvae and impair their phototactic behaviors. However, since barnacle larvae may avoid UV by migrating to deeper waters

Yu, K.N.

482

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Admission of advanced lung cancer patients to  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Admission of advanced lung cancer patients to intensive care unit mortality in consecutive patients with advanced lung cancer admitted to two university-hospital MICUs in France between 1996 and 2006. Results: Of 76 included patients, 49 had non-small cell lung cancer (stage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Meta-analysis of Chicken Salmonella infection  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Meta-analysis of Chicken ­ Salmonella infection experiments Marinus FW and pathways are reported to be involved in the chicken host response to Salmonella infection. The objective to Salmonella infection were challenged with different Salmonella serovars at several time points. Various

484

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Admixture mapping of end stage kidney disease  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Admixture mapping of end stage kidney disease genetic susceptibility Background: The question of a genetic contribution to the higher prevalence and incidence of end stage kidney the original work is properly cited. #12;Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) encompasses a spectrum

Friedman, Nir

485

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Routine ultrasound examination by OB/GYN  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Routine ultrasound examination by OB/GYN residents increase was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of routine ultrasound evaluation by obstetrics/gynecology residents whenever possible [8]. Since the 1990s, transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) has become an essential

486

NPSProvidesLocalCollegeStudentsValuableResearchExperience ArticleByMC2KellieArakawa  

E-print Network

NPSfacultywhiledevelopingsupportforthefacultyhere." Concernedbyitsdecliningscienceandtechnologyworkforce,theDepartmentofDefense(DoD)recently beganlookingatwaystorecruitfuturegenerationsintocriticalacademicdisciplinesthatsupportnational security. Higgins believes the partnership between Hartnell and NPS supports the Navy and DoD NPSProvidesLocalCollegeStudentsValuableResearchExperience ArticleByMC2KellieArakawa Ever since he

487

RESEARCH ARTICLE Higher yield, profit and soil quality from organic farming  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Higher yield, profit and soil quality from organic farming of elephant foot yam Abstract Alternative agricultural systems, like organic farm- ing, that are less chemical intensive, less. Since information on the organic farming of tuberous vegetables is scanty, field experiments were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

488

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open woodland and savanna decline in a mixed-disturbance  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open woodland and savanna decline in a mixed-disturbance landscape (1938 to 1998 describing a canopy-closure gradient: closed forests, woodlands, savannas and ``open barrens''. Our work and savannas declined severely and closed forests in- creased through time. Falling median patch sizes

Mladenoff, David

489

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Age-specific contacts and travel patterns in the  

E-print Network

of a heterogeneously mixing population and its associated non-homogeneous travel behaviors on the risk of a majorRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Age-specific contacts and travel patterns in the spatial spread epidemic. We inform the model with demographic data, contact data and travel statistics of Europe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

RESEARCH ARTICLE Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Role of Benzyl Alcohol in the Unfolding and Aggregation of  

E-print Network

preservative; BA, benzyl alcohol; Cm, midpoint denaturant concentration in protein denaturant melt; Cyt cRESEARCH ARTICLE ­ Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Role of Benzyl Alcohol in the Unfolding (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI 10.1002/jps.24105 ABSTRACT: Benzyl alcohol (BA) is the most widely used antimicrobial

Mallela, Krishna M. G.

491

Original research article Vibrational resonance in groundwater-dependent plant ecosystems  

E-print Network

dependent plant ecosystems Biharmonic water table depth Vibrational resonance A B S T R A C T We reportOriginal research article Vibrational resonance in groundwater-dependent plant ecosystems C by Borgogno et al. (2012). Specifically, they have shown the occurrence of stochastic and coherence resonances

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

492

RESEARCH ARTICLE Maize chromosomal knobs are located in gene-dense areas  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Maize chromosomal knobs are located in gene-dense areas and suppress local Knobs are conspicuous heterochromatic regions found on the chromosomes of maize and its relatives. The data show that knobs lie in gene-dense regions of the maize genome. Comparisons to 23 other recombinant

493

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access De novo transcriptome sequencing in a songbird,  

E-print Network

(Junco hyemalis): genomic tools for an ecological model system Mark P Peterson1* , Danielle J Whittaker1 to characterize a transcriptome of the dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis), a North American sparrowRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access De novo transcriptome sequencing in a songbird, the dark-eyed junco

494

Research article Analysis of telomere length and telomerase activity in tree species of various  

E-print Network

Research article Analysis of telomere length and telomerase activity in tree species of various replicative capacity. With each cell division, telomeres (the physical ends of linear chromosomes. Some cells maintain telomere length by the action of the telomerase enzyme. The bristlecone pine, Pinus

Kletetschka, Gunther

495

ABOUT THE JOURNAL Isis features scholarly articles, research notes, and commentary on  

E-print Network

ABOUT THE JOURNAL Isis features scholarly articles, research notes, and commentary on the history and is an important teaching tool. Subscriptions to Isis are concurrent with membership in the History of Science-advertising@press.uchicago.edu ISIS An International review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences Quarterly

Mateo, Jill M.

496

Running head: Eye-tracking in chimpanzees and humans 1 Research Article9  

E-print Network

#12;Running head: Eye-tracking in chimpanzees and humans 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Research Article915 16 fkanou@pri.kyoto-u.ac.jp17 +81-80-6902-501318 19 #12;Running head: Eye-tracking in chimpanzees and humans 2 Abstract20 Previous studies comparing eye movements between humans and their closest relatives

Takada, Shoji

497

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Fine-scale spatiotemporal influences of salmon on  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Fine-scale spatiotemporal influences of salmon on growth and nitrogen: The marine-terrestrial transfer of salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) provides a substantial pulse of nutrients-watershed investigation of the influence of salmon on conifers has never been previously investigated. In a small salmon

Reimchen, Thomas E.

498

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Expression of sialic acids and other nonulosonic  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Expression of sialic acids and other nonulosonic acids in Leptospira: Sialic acids are negatively charged nine carbon backbone sugars expressed on mammalian cell surfaces. Sialic acids are part of a larger family of nonulosonic acid (NulO) molecules that includes pseudaminic

Lewis, Amanda L.

499

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Analysis of lifestyle and metabolic predictors of  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Analysis of lifestyle and metabolic predictors of visceral obesity Background: The aim of this study was to provide a framework for the analysis of visceral obesity and its and metabolic predictors. Thirty-four predictors related to lifestyle, adiposity, body fat distribution, blood

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

500

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Increased incidence of rare codon clusters at 5'  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Increased incidence of rare codon clusters at 5' and 3' gene termini be affected by the use of rare versus common codons within the mRNA transcript. Results: Here, we show that rare codons are enriched at the 5' and 3' termini of genes from E. coli and other prokaryotes. Genes

Clark, Patricia L.