Sample records for research articles focusing

  1. Focus Article: Replication in Second Language Writing Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porte, Graeme; Richards, Keith

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the meaning and range of replication in L2 research from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. In the first half of the paper, it will be argued that key quantitative studies need to be replicated to have their robustness and generalizability tested and that this is a requirement of scientific inquiry. Such research

  2. Focus Article Electrophysiological models

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Mark E.

    Focus Article Electrophysiological models of neural processing Mark E. Nelson The brain modeling and computer simulation techniques have become essential tools in understanding diverse aspects capabilities of individual neurons lie at the core of these models, with the emphasis shifting upward

  3. A Teaching Strategy with a Focus on Argumentation to Improve Undergraduate Students’ Ability to Read Research Articles

    PubMed Central

    Lacum, Edwin B. Van; Goedhart, Martin J.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate a teaching strategy designed to teach first-year undergraduate life sciences students at a research university how to learn to read authentic research articles. Our approach—based on the work done in the field of genre analysis and argumentation theory—means that we teach students to read research articles by teaching them which rhetorical moves occur in research articles and how they can identify these. Because research articles are persuasive by their very nature, we focused on the rhetorical moves that play an important role in authors’ arguments. We designed a teaching strategy using cognitive apprenticeship as the pedagogical approach. It was implemented in a first-year compulsory course in the life sciences undergraduate program. Comparison of the results of a pretest with those of the posttest showed that students’ ability to identify these moves had improved. Moreover, students themselves had also perceived that their ability to read and understand a research article had increased. The students’ evaluations demonstrated that they appreciated the pedagogical approach used and experienced the assignments as useful. On the basis of our results, we concluded that students had taken a first step toward becoming expert readers.

  4. Research Focus in Palliative Care

    PubMed Central

    Mohanti, Bidhu K

    2011-01-01

    This brief article on pre-conference CME topic ‘How to plan Research in Palliative Care’ is aimed to provide an overview of the background, concept, domains, present research activities and the future prospect for research opportunities. Advances in Palliative Care are made with a focus to address the quality of medical practice and ‘quality of death’, in those patients who have advanced stage diseases where cure may or may not be possible. The issues which can improve the palliative care delivery and the areas where evidence of practice is still weak can be identified by forming network and collaborative groups for the application of study and research methods in India. PMID:21811378

  5. Research Focus. Section II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others

    Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…

  6. Focus Article Beetle horns and horned beetles

    E-print Network

    Moczek, Armin P.

    within the Scarabaeidae, the Dynastinae (rhinoceros beetles) and Scarabaeinae (true dung beetles).1Focus Article Beetle horns and horned beetles: emerging models in developmental evolution of horned beetles and beetle horns as study systems amenable to the integration of a wide range

  7. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Small, Dylan

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim in medicine. Unfortunately, randomized controlled studies cannot answer many comparative effectiveness

  8. 3523RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Broadie, Kendal S.

    3523RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Synaptogenesis is driven by an overlapping cascade of anterograde induce synaptogenesis and regulate subsequent synaptic maturation. Presynaptically secreted Mind the gap

  9. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Coolen, ACC "Ton"

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim & Sons, Ltd. Prepared using simauth.cls [Version: 2010/03/10 v3.00] #12;Statistics in Medicine J. E. BA

  10. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Carlin, Bradley P.

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim/09/02 v2.00] #12;Statistics in Medicine L. Renfro et al. treatment effects on the surrogate and true

  11. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Stoiciu, Mihai

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim: 2010/03/10 v3.00] #12;Statistics in Medicine B. Klingenberg Under homogeneity of the risk difference

  12. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Gelman, Andrew

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim & Sons, Ltd. Prepared using simauth.cls [Version: 2010/03/10 v3.00] #12;Statistics in Medicine Q. Chen et

  13. Qualitative research. Introducing focus groups.

    PubMed Central

    Kitzinger, J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper introduces focus group methodology, gives advice on group composition, running the groups, and analysing the results. Focus groups have advantages for researchers in the field of health and medicine: they do not discriminate against people who cannot read or write and they can encourage participation from people reluctant to be interviewed on their own or who feel they have nothing to say. Images p301-a PMID:7633241

  14. Research Article 1403 Introduction

    E-print Network

    Shaw, Janet M.

    Research Article 1403 Introduction Mitochondria are dynamic in nature and in Saccharomyces and Mfn2 in mammals; Fzo1 in yeast). The clinical significance of mitofusins is best demonstrated degradation, is recruited to Fzo1 as a consequence of a GTPase-domain- dependent alteration in the mitofusin

  15. 4051RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Horvitz, H. Robert

    ) (Slack et al., 2000); LGII, dpy-10(e128) (Brenner, 1974), mab-10(e1248) (Hodgkin, 1983), mab-10(n51174051RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION C. elegans heterochronic genes have been characterized based differentiation is initiated via the downregulation of the Hunchback/Ikaros homolog hbl-1 and the TRIM-NHL gene

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Supraphysiological Cortisol

    E-print Network

    Cooke, Steven J.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Supraphysiological Cortisol Elevation Alters the Response of Wild Bluegill Sunfish implants to experimentally raise circulating cortisol in a group of fish for 10 days. We also maintained indicators of physiological status among cortisol-treated, sham-treated, and control groups following

  17. 995RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Poyatos, Juan F.

    995RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The integrity of stem cells is vital for an organism, they are equipped with efficient repair systems to maintain their genome intact. The quality of the germline stem cell is especially crucial because defects in this type of stem cell will be passed on to the next

  18. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Samson, Adeline

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim and Maternal-Fetal Medicine, GHU Necker - Enfants Malades, Universit´e Paris Descartes Correspondence to: MAP5: 2010/03/10 v3.00] #12;Statistics in Medicine J. J. Stirnemann, A. Samson, and J. C. Thalabard growth

  19. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Small, Dylan

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, passed away on May 1, 2011 at the age of 53 from complications of multiple Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

  20. Research Article in Medicine

    E-print Network

    Coolen, ACC "Ton"

    Research Article Statistics in Medicine Received XXXX (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/sim of Medicine, Guy's Hospital, London, U.K. c Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala;Statistics in Medicine J. van Baardewijk et al. primary risk only primary & secondary risk SKM 1 0.0 0.2 0

  1. 2477RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Gibson, Matt

    2477RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) is a polypeptide process, sumoylation is achieved through sequential enzymatic reactions. It is initiated by an E1 experimental system in which to study the biological functions of sumoylation. Several studies in Drosophila

  2. 2545RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Sander, Maike

    /V) and anterior-posterior (A/P) axis of the neural tube is a crucial process that is likely to precede), secreted from the ventral midline of the neural tube (the floor plate, FP), is essential for D/V patterning2545RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION During mouse development, distinct neuronal populations organized

  3. 2903RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Shvartsman, Stanislav "Stas"

    2903RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The Drosophila eggshell is an elaborate structure that protects conserved EGFR pathway forms two respiratory eggshell appendages, also called dorsal appendages (DAs required for eggshell morphogenesis (Cavaliere et al., 2008; Dobens and Raftery, 2000; Wu et al., 2008

  4. 1273RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    the final form of a circuit (Spitzer, 2006). The mature brain also continues to change through turnover1273RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The steps in the development of a neuronal circuit require and reorganization of neuronal branches and synapses. Here too, neuronal activity can effect changes in circuit

  5. 2223RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    2223RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Stem cells achieve self-renewal through both the execution of mitotic cell division and maintenance of stem cell fate. Different stem cell types display distinct patterns of self-renewal and differentiation. For example, hematopoetic stem cells divide infrequently

  6. 2739RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Oregon, University of

    2739RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Asymmetric cell division has been proposed as a mechanism for maintaining stem cell numbers while allowing the generation of differentiated cell types (Morrison and Kimble, 2006). It is also been proposed that asymmetric cell division of a small number of tumor stem cells may

  7. DEVELOPMENT 317RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Kharasch, Evan

    organizer are required for the development of the midbrain and cerebellum (Liu and Joyner, 2001b; NakamuraDEVELOPMENT 317RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION The development of the midbrain and cerebellum planar signals for regulating the development of the mid/hindbrain (Liu and Joyner, 2001b; Nakamura et al

  8. Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom

    DOEpatents

    Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

    1998-06-30

    An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

  9. Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom

    DOEpatents

    Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1998-01-01

    An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

  10. Focus Article El Ni ~no and our future climate

    E-print Network

    Wittenberg, Andrew

    Focus Article El Ni ~no and our future climate: where do we stand? Gabriel A. Vecchi and Andrew T activity, including a decrease in Atlantic hurricane activity6 and an eastward shift of western Pacific

  11. Open Access RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irena Jakopanec; Andrej M Grjibovski; Øivind Nilsen; Preben Aavitsland

    2010-01-01

    Background: In recent years, the number of syphilis cases has stabilised in many countries of Western Europe, however several countries have reported increases among men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this article was to describe the epidemiology of early syphilis in Norway in 1992-2008. Methods: Cases of early syphilis and congenital syphilis reported to the Norwegian

  12. 2729RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Shilo, Benny

    of this analysis has focused on the establishment and maintenance of the germline stem cell niche and on the early of the testis, where the germline stem cells reside, and is initiated by a series of incomplete mitotic cells, themselves generated from a separate apical stem cell population, enwraps the germline cyst from

  13. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    reaction, or to focus on suppression of emotional ex- perience or emotional behavior). However, in addition and Individual Differences in Emotion Regulation Daren C. Jackson, Corrina J. Mueller, Isa Dolski, Kim M. Dalton J. Davidson University of Wisconsin-Madison Abstract--Recent theoretical accounts of emotion

  14. Research Articles REBECCA HARDIN

    E-print Network

    Hardin, Rebecca D.

    and animals in the Dzanga-Ndoki Park and Dzanga-Sangha Dense Forest Reserve (RDS), Central African Republic an alternative to increasingly distinct method and theory between anthropology's subfields. We sketch a research research we describe here exemplifies the potential of place-based work across anthropology's sub- fields

  15. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 28 June 2013

    E-print Network

    Page, Rachel

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 28 June 2013 doi: 10.3389/fphys.2013.00143 Echolocation, but uses echolocation in all stages of the hunt. Like other bats in the family Phyllostomidae, T. cirrhosus has a conspicuous nose leaf, hypothesized to direct and focus echolocation calls emitted from

  16. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue C

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Barbara, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. Articles appearing in this issue are: (1)…

  17. NEURAL CIRCUITS ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Trauner, Dirk

    NEURAL CIRCUITS ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 14 May 2010 doi: 10.3389/fncir.2010.00013 Frontiers in Neural Circuits www.frontiersin.org May 2010 | Volume 4 | Article 13 | 1 Signal processing techniques lie at the foundation of infor- mation theory and describe the coding of neural signals from

  18. Using Focus Group Research in Public Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grunig, Larissa A.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes a recent instance of focus group research applied to a public relations case (rather than a marketing case). Reviews the advantages and disadvantages of this qualitative method, and describes the case of a county department of mental health relying on focus group research to help plan a program aimed at reducing the stigma of mental…

  19. Cancer Therapeutics & Research Research Article Open Access

    E-print Network

    Kenny, Paraic

    in glands from pregnant mice. Since many tumors are also characterized by changes in lipid profile we was upregulated in breast tumors of the basal and HER2 enriched breast cancer subtypes and intermediate and highJournal of Cancer Therapeutics & Research Research Article Open Access Peroxisome proliferator

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE CALCIUM CHANNEL STRUCTURE

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    RESEARCH ARTICLE CALCIUM CHANNEL STRUCTURE Structural basis for a pH-sensitive calcium leak across,3 Wayne A. Hendrickson,1,2,4,5 Qun Liu1,4 * Calcium homeostasis balances passive calcium leak and active calcium uptake. Human Bax inhibitor­1 (hBI-1) is an antiapoptotic protein that mediates a calcium leak

  1. HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Gaser, Christian

    in the process of meditation, such as daydreaming, mind-wandering, and projections into past or future. Moreover, curvature, folding, insula, meditation, mindfulness, MRI INTRODUCTION Various brain regions have beenHUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 29 February 2012 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012

  2. HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Barsalou, Lawrence W.

    HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 01 March 2012 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00038 Effects of meditation experience on functional connectivity of distributed brain networks Wendy Hasenkamp to examine the effect of meditation experience on brain networks under- lying cognitive actions employed

  3. HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Gross, James J.

    . Keywords: social anxiety, self-view, mindfulness, fMRI, exercise, brain, self, meditation INTRODUCTION SelfHUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 05 November 2012 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00295 Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction versus aerobic exercise: effects

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Complexity by Subtraction

    E-print Network

    McShea, Daniel W.

    the history of life. Keywords Evolution Á Complexity Á Constructive neutral evolution Á Irreducible complexity;argument from design to the problem of ``irreducible complexity.'' For example, skeptics have chargedRESEARCH ARTICLE Complexity by Subtraction Daniel W. McShea · Wim Hordijk Received: 9 January 2013

  5. Europe / Finance & Economics / Focus Article Parsing the Euro Zone Crisis

    E-print Network

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Europe / Finance & Economics / Focus Article Parsing the Euro Zone Crisis 8 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 1 S H A W N D O N N E L L Y Analysis on the three different scenarios that could result in Europe within, Greece has created a lot of trouble for Europe. The process of trying to prevent the country from

  6. |Research Focus Tits, noise and urban bioacoustics

    E-print Network

    Katti, Madhusudan

    |Research Focus Tits, noise and urban bioacoustics Madhusudan Katti and Paige S. Warren Center respond to elevated background noise by altering their songs. They found that urban great tits Parus major recorded the songs of male great tits and the background noise in their territories whilst they were

  7. Writing Research Articles Marek J. Druzdzel

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Writing Research Articles Marek J. Druzdzel with minor additions from Peter Brusilovsky University of Pittsburgh School of Information Sciences and Intelligent Systems Program Writing Research Articles marek@sis.pitt.edu http://www.pitt.edu/~druzdzel Writing Research Articles Overview · Why do we need to write

  8. New Research Findings on Emotionally Focused Therapy: Introduction to Special Section

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Susan M.; Wittenborn, Andrea K.

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces the special section "New Research Findings on Emotionally Focused Therapy." Emotionally focused couple therapy researchers have a strong tradition of outcome and process research and this special section presents new findings from three recent studies. The first study furthers the goal of determining the kinds of clients…

  9. 21 CFR 312.86 - Focused FDA regulatory research.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...86 Focused FDA regulatory research. At the discretion of the...undertake focused regulatory research on critical rate-limiting...chemical/manufacturing, and clinical phases of drug development...initiated, FDA will undertake such research efforts as a means for...

  10. 21 CFR 312.86 - Focused FDA regulatory research.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...86 Focused FDA regulatory research. At the discretion of the...undertake focused regulatory research on critical rate-limiting...chemical/manufacturing, and clinical phases of drug development...initiated, FDA will undertake such research efforts as a means for...

  11. 21 CFR 312.86 - Focused FDA regulatory research.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...86 Focused FDA regulatory research. At the discretion of the...undertake focused regulatory research on critical rate-limiting...chemical/manufacturing, and clinical phases of drug development...initiated, FDA will undertake such research efforts as a means for...

  12. 21 CFR 312.86 - Focused FDA regulatory research.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...86 Focused FDA regulatory research. At the discretion of the...undertake focused regulatory research on critical rate-limiting...chemical/manufacturing, and clinical phases of drug development...initiated, FDA will undertake such research efforts as a means for...

  13. 21 CFR 312.86 - Focused FDA regulatory research.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...86 Focused FDA regulatory research. At the discretion of the...undertake focused regulatory research on critical rate-limiting...chemical/manufacturing, and clinical phases of drug development...initiated, FDA will undertake such research efforts as a means for...

  14. Suggestions for Structuring a Research Article

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, James D.; Reiser, Robert A.

    2014-01-01

    Researchers often experience difficulty as they attempt to prepare journal articles that describe their work. The purpose of this article is to provide researchers in the field of education with a series of suggestions as to how to clearly structure each section of a research manuscript that they intend to submit for publication in a scholarly…

  15. Zoo Biology 27:470487 (2008) RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Timberlake, William D.

    2008-01-01

    Zoo Biology 27:470­487 (2008) RESEARCH ARTICLE Mutual Benefits of Research Collaborations Between Zoos and Academic Institutions Eduardo J. Fernandez,à and William Timberlakeà Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana Zoos focus on welfare, conservation

  16. Focus Group Interview: An Underutilized Research Technique for Improving Theory and Practice in Health Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles E. Basch

    1987-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to increase awareness about and stimulate interest in using focus group interviews, a qualitative research technique, to advance the state-of- the-art of education and learning about health. After a brief discussion of small group process in health education, features of focus group interviews are presented, and a theoretical framework for planning a focus group

  17. Precincts and Prospects in the Use of Focus Groups in Social and Behavioral Science Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagoe, Dominic

    2012-01-01

    Over the past few years, the focus group method has assumed a very important role as a method for collecting qualitative data in social and behavioural science research. This article elucidates theoretical and practical problems and prospects associated with the use of focus groups as a qualitative research method in social and behavioural science…

  18. ARTICLES: Self-focusing of laser radiation in molecular gases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aleksei I. Osipov; Vladislav Ya Panchenko; A. A. Filippov

    1985-01-01

    Self-focusing and self-defocusing of CO2 laser pulses of 1.6 to 80 nsec duration was observed in SF6 gas for several lines in the 10P branch. It was observed that self-focusing depends on the vibrational excitation of the molecules and on their distribution function. This new self-focusing mechanism may be useful for propagation of high-power laser radiation in the atmosphere. Bibtex

  19. Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article

  20. Family-focused autism spectrum disorder research: a review of the utility of family systems approaches.

    PubMed

    Cridland, Elizabeth K; Jones, Sandra C; Magee, Christopher A; Caputi, Peter

    2014-04-01

    A family member with an autism spectrum disorder presents pervasive and bidirectional influences on the entire family system, suggesting a need for family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. While there has been increasing interest in this research area, family-focused autism spectrum disorder research can still be considered relatively recent, and there are limitations to the existing literature. The purpose of this article is to provide theoretical and methodological directions for future family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. In particular, this article proposes Family Systems approaches as a common theoretical framework for future family-focused autism spectrum disorder research by considering theoretical concepts such as Boundaries, Ambiguous Loss, Resilience and Traumatic Growth. We discuss reasons why these concepts are important to researching families living with autism spectrum disorder and provide recommendations for future research. The potential for research grounded in Family Systems approaches to influence clinical support services is also discussed. PMID:24092840

  1. PhotoPhoto--and Radiation Induced Processesand Radiation Induced Processes ** Research Focus in PhotochemistryResearch Focus in Photochemistry

    E-print Network

    in PhotochemistryResearch Focus in Photochemistry ** TimeTime--Resolved Infrared SpectroscopyResolved Infrared in PhotochemistryResearch Focus in Photochemistry ** TimeTime--Resolved Infrared SpectroscopyResolved Infrared

  2. Research Article Using the SDIlight

    E-print Network

    Köbben, Barend

    ­world' project, with a focus on geo­information engineering skills. We conclude with a section that evaluates Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation ITC ­ University of Twente Rolf de By Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation ITC ­ University of Twente Theodor Foerster Faculty

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Participatory design of agricultural decision support tools

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Participatory design of agricultural decision support tools: taking account of such tools. Our proposition aims at building dialogue between designers and users but also be- tween humans, tools and work situations. We focus on two main stages: first, a diagnosis of the uses of decision tools

  4. Research Article Peak of Desire

    E-print Network

    Bargh, John A.

    out each and every time which things are good and helpful and which things are dangerous and unhelpful), and recent research indicates that hu- mans have evolved a core mental module specialized for inter- acting

  5. PUBLIC HEALTH ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Ellis, Erle C.

    , Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Barc-East, Building 308, 10300 Baltimore Avenue countries across Asia, Africa, and Europe killing 374 people. It continues to persist with year 2013 reports

  6. Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom

    DOEpatents

    Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1998-01-01

    An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

  7. Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom

    DOEpatents

    Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

    1998-02-24

    An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

  8. Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume: ; Issue: ; Article ID: IS12053

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume-sea benthos. #12;Publisher: CSIRO; Journal: IS:Invertebrate Systematics Article Type: research-article; Volume

  9. |Research Focus `But still, it moves'

    E-print Network

    Kourtzi, Zoe

    of this article, a quote from Galileo Galilei (1632) referring to the motion of the earth around the sun (rather brain. Perception and successful interaction with moving objects entail that the visual system possible interactions of these mechanisms that may underlie the unified perception of moving objects in our

  10. Research Article Learned Fear of ``Unseen'' Faces

    E-print Network

    Phelps, Elizabeth

    . Learning is an adaptation that enables organisms to change their behavior flexibly in a fluctuatingResearch Article Learned Fear of ``Unseen'' Faces After Pavlovian, Observational, and Instructed learning acquired through direct experience (Pavlovian conditioning) and fear learning acquired without

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Application of uncertainty visualization methods

    E-print Network

    Laidlaw, David

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Application of uncertainty visualization methods to meteorological trajectories of uncertainty visualiza- tion to air parcel trajectories generated from a global meteorological model. We derive visualization of trajectories. Our work enables efficient visual pruning of unlikely results, especially

  12. HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Braun, Jochen

    Kovacs1,2,3 * 1 Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary 2 Research Group of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary 3 Department of Cognitive Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary 4 Cognitive Biology, University

  13. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 9, Issue B

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Barbara, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Focus on Basics" is a publication of the U.S. Division of World Education, Inc. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to connecting research with practice, to…

  14. Brain Research Focuses on New Assays, Drugs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Those attending the CIC/ACS (Chemical Institute of Canada /American Chemical Society) joint conference at Montreal heard about recent advances in brain chemistry research, the use of compartmental models for predicting pollution, the presence of carcinogens (N-Nitrosamines) in sidestream tobacco smoke, and the synthesis of sex attractants using…

  15. RESEARCH PAPER DC dielectrophoretic focusing of particles in a serpentine

    E-print Network

    Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

    RESEARCH PAPER DC dielectrophoretic focusing of particles in a serpentine microchannel Junjie Zhu Æ-of-concept experiment of a novel particle focusing technique in DC electrokinetic flow through a planar serpentine Serpentine microchannel 1 Introduction Focusing particles (both biological and synthetic) into a tight stream

  16. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 7, Issue D

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Barbara, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    "Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

  17. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue B

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Barbara, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    "Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

  18. Research Article Use of Cognitive Versus

    E-print Network

    Klatzky, Roberta

    Research Article Use of Cognitive Versus Perceptual Heading During Imagined Locomotion Depends were caused by failures to form and update a cognitive heading or by use of perceived heading (even when participants indicated the origin of tri- angular paths they had imagined walking by turning

  19. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 28 May 2012

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 28 May 2012 doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00157 Response bias Sciences, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA 2 Department of Cognitive Sciences, Institute for Mathematical Behavioral

  20. Research article Exploring interorganizational systems at

    E-print Network

    Crowston, Kevin

    Research article Exploring interorganizational systems at the industry level of analysis: evidence from the US home mortgage industry Charles W Steinfield1 , M Lynne Markus2 , Rolf T Wigand3 1 Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA

  1. Research Article Action-Video-Game Experience

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    Research Article Action-Video-Game Experience Alters the Spatial Resolution of Vision C.S. Green--Playing action video games enhances several different aspects of visual processing; however, the mech- anisms underlying this improvement remain unclear. Here we show that playing action video games can alter fun

  2. Research Article Intact Conceptual Priming in the

    E-print Network

    Squire, Larry R.

    Research Article Intact Conceptual Priming in the Absence of Declarative Memory D.A. Levy,1,2 C.E.L in tasks such as word identification and word-stem completion. In perceptual priming, a specific per- dergraduate volunteers, familiarity judgments and repetition priming (word identification or word-stem

  3. Research Article The Equivalence of Learning

    E-print Network

    Klahr, David

    reasoning associated with the evaluation of science- fair posters. We found not only that many more childrenResearch Article The Equivalence of Learning Paths in Early Science Instruction Effects of Direct children basic procedures for early scientific investigations. A widely accepted claim in the science

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Algae production on pig sludge

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Algae production on pig sludge Attila Bai & László Stündl & Péter Bársony & Milán- ied an economical method of algae production on pig sludge that can be operated on animal farms in Hungary with modest levels of investment. We analyzed four algae spe- cies, Chlorella vulgaris

  5. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 08 December 2011

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 08 December 2011 doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2011.00071 Immunization , Charlotte Auriau1,2 , Marie-Anne Nicola6 , Sandrine Leroy 7 , Helen K. Law 8 , Antonio Bandeira9 , James J Vaccinologie, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France 4 Unité Dynamique des Réponses Immunes, Institut Pasteur, Paris

  6. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 04 June 2014

    E-print Network

    Ribes, Aurélien

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 04 June 2014 doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2014.00014 Solar panels reduce by lowering the emission of greenhouse gases. However, what are the impacts of solar panels locally schemes that are coupled to atmospheric models. The present paper presents a way to implement solar panels

  7. Interactional Metadiscourse in Research Article Abstracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillaerts, Paul; Van de Velde, Freek

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of…

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLES Analytical Shape Computation of Macromolecules

    E-print Network

    Dai, Yang

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Analytical Shape Computation of Macromolecules: I. Molecular Area and Volume properties of macromolecules based on the alpha shape theory. This method uses the duality between alpha- cepts behind the alpha shape theory and the algorithm for computing areas and volumes of macromolecules

  9. Opinion article A revolution for aging research

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    Opinion article A revolution for aging research Michael R. Rose1, *, Casandra L. Rauser1 , Laurence revolutionary scientific implications. The revolution of 1992 Two papers from the journal Science At the heart of any scientific revolution are observations that shake the foundations of con- ventional scientific

  10. Research Article Discrimination of Peromyscus maniculatus

    E-print Network

    Schountz, Tony

    Proof Only Proof Only Research Article Discrimination of Peromyscus maniculatus Leukocytes by Flow Junction, CO 81501 Abstract. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) have been identified as the principal host). Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) are the principal host of Sin Nombre hantavirus (SNV), which has

  11. Research Article Forecasting hotel arrivals and occupancy

    E-print Network

    Atiya, Amir

    A U TH O R C O PY Research Article Forecasting hotel arrivals and occupancy using Monte Carlo-Shishinyc and Neamat E. Gayara a Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Computers and Information, Cairo Advanced Technology and Center for Advanced Studies at IBM Technology Development Center, Cairo, Egypt

  12. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 29 January 2014

    E-print Network

    Thompson-Schill, Sharon

    the relationship between verbal/visual cognitive styles and learning has been termed the "meshing" hypothesisORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 29 January 2014 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00015 Cognitive style of Education, Dartmouth College, 6103 Raven House, 5 Maynard Street, Hanover, NH 03755, USA e-mail: david

  13. Research Articles Exomoon Habitability Constrained by Illumination

    E-print Network

    Barnes, Rory

    Research Articles Exomoon Habitability Constrained by Illumination and Tidal Heating Rene´ Heller1 their habitability will emerge. Exomoons are likely to be tidally locked to their planet and hence experience days evolved outside Earth has prompted scientists to consider habitability of the terres- trial planets

  14. Research Article Conflict-Triggered Goal Shielding

    E-print Network

    Schubart, Christoph

    Research Article Conflict-Triggered Goal Shielding Response Conflicts Attenuate Background ABSTRACT--Action control in a changing environment re- quires that one shield current goals from distracting in- formation (goal shielding) and at the same time monitor the environment for potentially

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Nucleotide Sequence of Yellow Fever

    E-print Network

    Eddy, Sean

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Nucleotide Sequence of Yellow Fever Virus: Implications for Flavivirus Gene, and yellow fever (1). Most fever was spread by ship to ports as far north as Boston and as far east as En. Walter Reed and colleagues in pioneering studies in Cuba in 1900 demonstrated that yellow fever

  16. Research Article Modal and Amodal Completion

    E-print Network

    Singh, Manish

    Research Article Modal and Amodal Completion Generate Different Shapes Manish Singh Department of whether the completion is modal or amodal--thereby generating identical shapes in the two cases and systematic shape differences between modal and amodal contours in both configurations. Participants perceived

  17. Research Article Human Brain Activity Time-

    E-print Network

    Zacks, Jeffrey M.

    Research Article Human Brain Activity Time- Locked to Narrative Event Boundaries Nicole K. Speer into a series of events in order to understand and remember the text. In this study, subjects read brief narratives describing every- day activities while brain activity was recorded with functional magnetic

  18. Research Articles An Algorithmic Framework for Predicting

    E-print Network

    Shamir, Ron

    correlation analysis, drug side effect, drug target, network diffusion, prediction. 1. INTRODUCTION Systems analysis (LDA). Unfortunately, the authors did not test their approach on randomized data. Thus, it is hardResearch Articles An Algorithmic Framework for Predicting Side Effects of Drugs NIR ATIAS1

  19. Research Article The Impact of Cognitive Deficits

    E-print Network

    Yeung, Nick

    but conflict monitoring (indexed by the N2) is spared. These findings Address correspondence to Nick YeungResearch Article The Impact of Cognitive Deficits on Conflict Monitoring Predictable Dissociations of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University; 2 Department of Psychology, Princeton University; and 3 Department

  20. CRM and Performance 1 Research Article

    E-print Network

    Coltman, Tim

    CRM and Performance 1 Research Article Customer Relationship Management and Firm Performance Tim R and Performance 2 Customer Relationship Management and Firm Performance Abstract In this paper, we examine the impact of customer relationship management (CRM) on firm performance using a hierarchical construct model

  1. JournalofCellScience RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Gardner, Rich

    proteins required for cell cycle progression (Moir et al., 1982) and was later found to be homologous., 2004; Yamamoto et al., 2005). The main role of Cdc48/p97/VCP in the cell is thoughtJournalofCellScience RESEARCH ARTICLE The requirement for Cdc48/p97 in nuclear protein quality

  2. Research Article Open Access Steroids & Hormonal Science

    E-print Network

    Kawato, Suguru

    Research Article Open Access Steroids & Hormonal Science Hojo et al., J Steroids Hormon Sci 2014, S4 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7536.S4-002 J Steroids Hormon Sci Neurosteroids ISSN:2157-7536 JSHS-estradiol (E2), progesterone (PROG) and estrone [1], which is similar to hippocampus-synthesized steroids

  3. LSUHSC Clinical Research Project Education, Training, and Mentoring Focus Group

    E-print Network

    LSUHSC Clinical Research Project Education, Training, and Mentoring Focus Group The LSUHSC, Judd Shellito, Warren Summer, Kurt Varner Objectives: (1) To promote clinical research at LSUHSC. (2 to convenient educational programs that further define careers and opportunities in clinical research. (4

  4. JournalofGeophysicalResearch: SolidEarth RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Tackley, Paul J.

    JournalofGeophysicalResearch: SolidEarth RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JB010939 Key Points: · Four [Kaula, 1975]. Trench motions observed on present-day Earth display high variability in direction al., 1986]. On present-day Earth 75% of trenches retreat and only 25% advance relative

  5. Research on Libraries and Distance Education: An Analysis of Articles Published 1999-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herring, Susan Davis

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a content analysis of research articles focusing on library services in distance education published between 1999 and 2009. The study identified 472 articles on the topic and analyzed the citations, abstracts, and indexing to determine major topics, issues, and trends discussed; methodologies used; and major journals…

  6. Research Focus CUTting genetic noise by polyadenylation-induced

    E-print Network

    Chanfreau, Guillaume

    Research Focus CUTting genetic noise by polyadenylation-induced RNA degradation Guillaume F these aberrant transcripts for nuclear degradation. Introduction Discriminating between expressing useful genetic infor- mation and repressing the expression of genetic `junk' in eukaryotes has long been thought

  7. NASA Integrated Systems Research with an Environmental Focus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolfe, Jean; Collier, Fay

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Integrated Systems Research Program (ISRP) with a focus on the work being done on reduction of environmental impact from aeronautics. The focus of the ISRP is to Conduct research at an integrated system-level on promising concepts and technologies and explore, assess, or demonstrate the benefits in a relevant environment. The presentation reviews the criteria for an ISRP project, and discusses the Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) project, and the technical challenges.

  8. Focus Group Discussions: Three Examples from Family and Consumer Science Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. E. Betsy Garrison; Sarah H. Pierce; Pamela A. Monroe; Diane D. Sasser; Amy C. Shaffer; Lydia B. Blalock

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the usefulness of focus group discussions (FGDs) in family and consumer sciences research. First, we briefly describe theFGDmethodology in terms of question development, group composition and recruitment, interview protocol and logistics, and data analysis. Then, we show how we applied that methodology in three specific examples from our work with family and

  9. Linking research to practice: suggestions for reading a research article.

    PubMed

    Crocker, L M

    1977-01-01

    Although researchers and editorial review boards are obligated to communicate research information in readable fashion, journal readers also must assume responsibility for interpreting and evaluating research articles. The general format for reporting research results is described. In addition, seven major questions to be asked by cirtical readers are presented. These questions are designed to help readers identify the purpose of a study; assess its importance; evaluate the research design, sampling and data collecting procedures; interpret the results of data analyses; and form implications for practice. PMID:835678

  10. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue D

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Barbara, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    Learning disabilities is the theme of the latest issue of "Focus on Basics," the World Education publication that brings together research, policy, and practice in adult basic education. Starting with an update on research on neurobiology and dyslexia, this issue also examines how the adult basic education system supports students with learning…

  11. Research and Its Relationship to Nurse Education: Focus and Capacity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newell, Robert

    2002-01-01

    Examination of two British mental health journals and a government document on the future of nursing found a lack of focus on clinical research and little reference to the role of research and development in practice. The increasing importance of evidence-based practice demands a strategy for developing nurses' capacity to understand, undertake,…

  12. FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    FOCUS Medical Student Fellowship in Women's Health Research Website: www and 5 awards annually ­ Range of study in women's health, defined broadly; 1 award may be specific to CV completing 3rd year- some flexibility · Funding for 6 months of mentored, intensive women's health research

  13. Reengineering Clinical Research Science: A Focus on Translational Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferrell, Courtney B.

    2009-01-01

    The burden of disease in the United States is high. Mental illness is currently the leading cause of disease burden among 15- to 44-year-olds. This phenomenon is occurring despite the many advances that have been made in clinical research. Several efficacious interventions are available to treat many of these disorders; however, they are greatly…

  14. The Schematic Structure of Computer Science Research Articles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Santiago Posteguillo

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents a linguistic description of the schematic organisation of research articles in the field of computer science. Forty articles from three different academic journals in computing research have been analysed; the results indicate that the IMRD (introduction-methods-results-discussion) pattern cannot be applied to research articles in computer science systematically. Introductory and concluding sections, however, are used in more instances.

  15. |Research Focus In search of the minimal Escherichia coli genome

    E-print Network

    Conway, Tyrrell

    for a `second human genome project' to compile an inventory of the genomes of the human microflora, Stanley|Research Focus In search of the minimal Escherichia coli genome Darren J. Smalley, Marvin Whiteley and Tyrrell Conway Advanced Center for Genome Technology, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019

  16. Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Program Program Focus

    E-print Network

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    UCSD MSTP Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Program Program Focus Designed://www.nsf.gov/statistics for further information SURF Program students are interested in seeking future training in a combined M San Diego Please visit our website for more details and an application: http://mstp.ucsd.edu/surf

  17. Research Focus The Pleistocene re-wilding gambit

    E-print Network

    Wolverton, Steve

    Research Focus The Pleistocene re-wilding gambit Tim Caro Department of Wildlife, Fish Pleistocene re-wild- ing and edge debate from hazy conceptual arguments to empirical questions that can plug extinct during the Pleistocene, or morphologically similar species, if no descendants exist. For example

  18. Research Focus A short history of recombination in yeast

    E-print Network

    Otto, Sarah

    Research Focus A short history of recombination in yeast Clifford W. Zeyl1* and Sarah P. Otto2* 1 of fungal genomics, we know little about either the ecology or reproductive biology of the budding yeast of a studyofhistoricalpoutcrossingeventsand inferthe genomic positions of previous recombination events in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  19. A Contrastive Analysis of English and Hungarian Theoretical Research Article Introductions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arvay, Anett; Tanko, Gyula

    2004-01-01

    The study of the structure of research articles has developed into a significant field of research. The original research focus on texts produced by English academics has been expanded over the years to allow for the investigation of the structure of texts written by academics publishing in various other languages. The ongoing discussion between…

  20. United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter research focusing on the past 25 years

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kent Pandolf (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine)

    2011-12-01

    This article reviews the history, evolution, and transition of the United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr.

  1. 1. Flow of research activity and information research 2. What are journal articles?

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    1. Flow of research activity and information research 2. What are journal articles? 3. Keywords & databases --difference between book and journal article-- 4. Let's find articles in article databases 5. How to access article databases --through Kobe university library's web site-- 6. Core article databases

  2. Communication Strategies in the Writing of Scientific Research Articles by Non-native Users of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sionis, Claude

    1995-01-01

    This article compares the communication strategies used by representatives of two generations of French scientists (pre- and postcommunicative language teaching) in the writing of research articles in English-language scientific journals. It focuses on the relationships between general argumentative language and hard-core mathematical language in…

  3. Basic Science Research to Support the Nuclear Materials Focus Area

    SciTech Connect

    Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.; Boak, J. M.; Eller, P. G.

    2002-02-26

    The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

  4. Articles Published in Six School Psychology Journals from 2005-2009: Where's the Intervention Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villarreal, Victor; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; McCormick, Anita S.; Simek, Amber; Yoon, Hyunhee

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on a content analysis of six school psychology journals spanning the years 2005-2009, with a particular focus on published intervention research. The analysis showed that (a) research articles were the most frequently published, with the largest category being descriptive research; (b) the percentage of intervention studies…

  5. Forest Research The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission FR Science Focus

    E-print Network

    and tree related research Our aim is to be a robust, market-relevant and flexible organisationForest Research The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission FR Science Focus 2011-16 Understanding forests and providing solutions for a sustainable future #12;Forest Research - Who we are Forest

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Landscape genetics of the Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris)

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Landscape genetics of the Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris) inferred from a strip at seven microsatellite loci for 19 Alpine newt (Mesotriton alpestris) populations in western Switzerland

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic variation in westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus

    E-print Network

    Kalinowski, Steven T

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic variation in westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi is the most widely distributed subspecies of cutthroat trout, and despite its name

  8. Focusing biodiversity research on the needs of decision makers

    SciTech Connect

    Smythe, K.D.; Bernabo, J.C.; Carter, T.B. [Science & Policy Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States); Jutro, P.R. [Enviornmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-11-01

    The project on Biodiversity Uncertainties and Research Needs (BURN) ensures the advancement of usable knowledge on biodiversity by obtaining input from decision makers on their priority information needs about biodiversity and then using this input to engage leading scientists in designing policy-relevant research. Decision makers had concerns about four issues: significance of biodiversity; status and trends of biodiversity; management for biodiversity; the linkage of social, cultural, economic, legal, and biological objectives. Leading scientists identified research required to address these needs and determined the probability of success. The diverse group of experts reached consensus on several fundamental issues, helping to clarify the role of biodiversity in land and resource management. Several features that should be incorporated into policy-relevant research plans and management strategies for biodiversity were identified: multidisciplinary and integrative, participatory with stakeholder involvement, hierarchical, and problem- and region-specific. Activities should be focused regionally within a global perspective. More specifically, the scientists recommended six priority research areas that should be pursued to address the information needs articulated by decision makers: (1) characterization of biodiversity, (2) environmental valuation, (3) management for sustainability-for humans and the environment (adaptive management), (4) information management strategies, (5) governance and stewardship issues, and (6) communication and outreach. Broad recommendations wee developed for each research area to provide direction for research planning and resource management strategies. The results will directly benefit those groups that require biodiversity research to address their needs-whether to develop policy, manage natural resources, or make other decisions affecting biodiversity. 11 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  9. Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)

  10. FOREWORD: Focus on innovation in ceramics research in East Asia Focus on innovation in ceramics research in East Asia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kato, Akio; Hishita, Shunichi; Osada, Minoru; Haneda, Hajime

    2010-10-01

    Ceramics, as broadly defined, include all materials other than organic substances and metals, either crystalline or amorphous. They have been used by humans since early history and have contributed considerably to improving the quality of our life. In most cases, however, high-temperature treatment is necessary to prepare ceramics. This burdens the environment and there is therefore a great need for new ceramics processing methods. Recent technologically advanced ceramics are often composed of nanocrystallites, which have great potential for innovation in terms of exploring practical applications of nanomaterials and, consequently, reducing the environmental load. The ceramics industry had long flourished in Asia, particularly in East Asia, and even today, this region is leading the development of related materials. In line with these traditions, Japanese and Korean ceramics societies have been co-sponsoring seminars on ceramics since the 1980s. Having become more international in scope and context, a series of these seminars is now known as the International Japan-Korea Seminar on Ceramics. This focus issue contains eight key articles presented at the 26th International Japan-Korea Seminar on Ceramics held on 24-26 November 2010 at the Tsukuba International Congress Center. In particular, Fabbri et al review electrode materials for protonic solid-oxide fuel cells, and Kamiya et al outline the present situation and future prospects for transparent transistors, particularly those based on amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O films. Eitel et al discuss the progress in engineering high-strain lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. Kim and Kumar review a simple processing method for producing porous ceramics using polysiloxane precursors, Kamiya and Iijima focus on surface modification and characterization of nanomaterials, and Wan et al briefly review the strategy of reducing lattice thermal conductivity of thermoelectric materials and propose new materials for thermoelectric devices. Aubert et al introduce a novel technique of synthesizing composite nanomaterials and Cross and coworkers characterize Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) ferroelectric thin films co-doped with Bi and Fe to enhance PZT capacitor ferroelectric properties. These articles are closely related to the global environmental load and energy issues that require solutions in modern ceramics technology. We hope that this focus issue will help advance not only ceramics-related but also other fields of materials science.

  11. 2003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 5 REVIEW ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Pennsylvania, University of

    © 2003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 5 REVIEW ARTICLE Sleep and Biological Rhythms 2003; 1: 5­13 Blackwell Science, LtdOxford, UK SBRSleep and Biological Rhythms1446-92352003 Japanese Society of Sleep Research 11February 2003 6 Sleep debt HPA Van Dongen et al. 10.1046/j.1446-9235.2002.00006.x Review Article

  12. Focusing the research agenda for simulation training visual system requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lloyd, Charles J.

    2014-06-01

    Advances in the capabilities of the display-related technologies with potential uses in simulation training devices continue to occur at a rapid pace. Simultaneously, ongoing reductions in defense spending stimulate the services to push a higher proportion of training into ground-based simulators to reduce their operational costs. These two trends result in increased customer expectations and desires for more capable training devices, while the money available for these devices is decreasing. Thus, there exists an increasing need to improve the efficiency of the acquisition process and to increase the probability that users get the training devices they need at the lowest practical cost. In support of this need the IDEAS program was initiated in 2010 with the goal of improving display system requirements associated with unmet user needs and expectations and disrupted acquisitions. This paper describes a process of identifying, rating, and selecting the design parameters that should receive research attention. Analyses of existing requirements documents reveal that between 40 and 50 specific design parameters (i.e., resolution, contrast, luminance, field of view, frame rate, etc.) are typically called out for the acquisition of a simulation training display system. Obviously no research effort can address the effects of this many parameters. Thus, we developed a defensible strategy for focusing limited R&D resources on a fraction of these parameters. This strategy encompasses six criteria to identify the parameters most worthy of research attention. Examples based on display design parameters recommended by stakeholders are provided.

  13. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 17 March 2014

    E-print Network

    Lo, Chung-Chuan

    systems are extremely complex and are still under intensive investigation (Chiang et al., 2011; Varshney; Varshney et al., 2011). Most of these tools were developed for general networks and focused on properties

  14. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 11 March 2014

    E-print Network

    Siegelmann , Hava T

    . Siegelmann2 1 The Leslie and Susan Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat: Amir Tal, The Leslie and Susan Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University

  15. Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saracho, Olivia N.

    2013-01-01

    Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

  16. Translational toxicology: a developmental focus for integrated research strategies

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Given that toxicology studies the potential adverse effects of environmental exposures on various forms of life and that clinical toxicology typically focuses on human health effects, what can and should the relatively new term of "translational toxicology" be taken to mean? Discussion Our assertion is that the core concept of translational toxicology must incorporate existing principles of toxicology and epidemiology, but be driven by the aim of developing safe and effective interventions beyond simple reduction or avoidance of exposure to prevent, mitigate or reverse adverse human health effects of exposures. The field of toxicology has now reached a point where advances in multiple areas of biomedical research and information technologies empower us to make fundamental transitions in directly impacting human health. Translational toxicology must encompass four action elements as follows: 1) Assessing human exposures in critical windows across the lifespan 2) Defining modes of action and relevance of data from animal models 3) Use of mathematical models to develop plausible predictions as the basis for 4) Protective and restorative human health interventions. The discussion focuses on the critical window of in-utero development. Summary Exposure assessment, basic toxicology and development of certain categories of mathematical models are not new areas of research; however overtly integrating these in order to conceive, assess and validate effective interventions to mitigate or reverse adverse effects of environmental exposures is our novel opportunity. This is what we should do in translational toxicology so that we have a portfolio of interventional options to improve human health that include both minimizing exposures and specific preventative/restorative/mitigative therapeutics. PMID:24079609

  17. Translating social work research for social justice: focusing translational research on equity rather than the market.

    PubMed

    McMillin, Stephen Edward

    2014-01-01

    Management of the dissemination of effective interventions in social work is often uncertain, and even when attention is paid to diffusing effective, innovative interventions, the focus is often disproportionately on a marketplace orientation of increasing the market share of branded, manualized interventions and social service treatment products. Public health frameworks of dissemination can improve knowledge translation in social interventions by focusing dissemination efforts on achieving equity and increasing the availability of effective interventions to all those who can benefit from them rather than simply focusing on commercial processes. This article identifies three equity-focused translation frameworks that can aid the dissemination of effective social interventions at the macro-, meso-, and micro-levels. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. PMID:24405139

  18. Plutonium Focus Area research and development plan. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) committed to a research and development program to support the technology needs for converting and stabilizing its nuclear materials for safe storage. The R and D Plan addresses five of the six material categories from the 94-1 Implementation Plan: plutonium (Pu) solutions, plutonium metals and oxides, plutonium residues, highly enriched uranium, and special isotopes. R and D efforts related to spent nuclear fuel (SNF) stabilization were specifically excluded from this plan. This updated plan has narrowed the focus to more effectively target specific problem areas by incorporating results form trade studies. Specifically, the trade studies involved salt; ash; sand, slag, and crucible (SS and C); combustibles; and scrub alloy. The plan anticipates possible disposition paths for nuclear materials and identifies resulting research requirements. These requirements may change as disposition paths become more certain. Thus, this plan represents a snapshot of the current progress and will continue to be updated on a regular basis. The paper discusses progress in safeguards and security, plutonium stabilization, special isotopes stabilization, highly-enriched uranium stabilization--MSRE remediation project, storage technologies, engineered systems, core technology, and proposed DOE/Russian technology exchange projects.

  19. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 07 February 2013

    E-print Network

    Battaglia, Demian

    . Going beyond the description of representative traits of distinct classes, we focus here on the analysis the existence of a structured continuum of diversity. Our approach, grounded on the theory of fuzzy sets, identifies a small optimal number of model archetypes. At the same time, it quantifies the degree

  20. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE An evaluation of Fruit-BoostTM as an aid for honey

    E-print Network

    Delaplane, Keith S.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE An evaluation of Fruit-BoostTM as an aid for honey bee pollination under of bloom and followed by measures of fruit at harvest. The honey bee attractant Fruit BoostTM was tested for its efficacy in focusing honey bees onto the target crop (watermelon) and improving pollination. Fruit

  1. John W. Scott Health Sciences Library Limiting to Research Articles in OVID MEDLINE

    E-print Network

    MacMillan, Andrew

    the search: Qualitative Studies Filter MEDLINE FOCUSED and click on the selection box for it. Scroll up not need to be exhaustive. If you need to be exhaustive in your search for research articles, for example an exhaustive search. Perform your topic search and apply any basic limits such as language or publication year

  2. John W. Scott Health Sciences Library Limiting to Research Articles in Ovid MEDLINE

    E-print Network

    MacMillan, Andrew

    search. Perform your topic search and apply any basic limits like language or publication year. Scroll Filter MEDLINE FOCUSED and click on the selection box for this search. Scroll up or down to locate not need to be exhaustive. If you need to be exhaustive in your search for research articles, e.g if you

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Determinants of patient satisfaction in

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Determinants of patient satisfaction in ambulatory oncology: a cross (vs patients treated by chemotherapy) reported lower levels of satisfaction with doctors' technical BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Extreme population differentiation in a vulnerable slavemaking

    E-print Network

    Alvarez, Nadir

    frag- mentation process. We also show extreme population dif- ferentiation at nuclear and mitochondrialRESEARCH ARTICLE Extreme population differentiation in a vulnerable slavemaking ant.V. 2010 Abstract Understanding levels of population differenti- ation and inbreeding are important issues

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Parasitological Analyses of the Male Chimpanzees (Pan

    E-print Network

    Muehlenbein, Michael

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Parasitological Analyses of the Male Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii of primate ecological parasitology are warranted. For meaningful comparisons to be made, it is important Wiley-Liss, Inc. Key words: intestinal parasites; chimpanzee; parasite richness; ecological parasitology

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Ultrafine spatial acuity of blind expert human echolocators

    E-print Network

    Whitney, David

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Ultrafine spatial acuity of blind expert human echolocators Santani Teng · Amrita Echolocating organisms represent their external environment using reflected auditory information from emitted. This first measure of functional spatial resolution in a population of expert echolocators demonstrates

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Phylogenetic relationships among Staphylococcus

    E-print Network

    Parkinson, Christopher L.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Phylogenetic relationships among Staphylococcus species and refinement of relationships among Staphylococcus species have been hampered by poor and inconsistent resolution of phylogenies approaches that incorporate nearly all recognized Staphylococcus taxa. Results: We estimated the phylogeny

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Severe leukopenia in Staphylococcus aureus-

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Severe leukopenia in Staphylococcus aureus- necrotizing, community to Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus has mainly been reported in otherwise healthy. Keywords: Community-acquired pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Panton valentine leukocidin, Leukopenia

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Longitudinal genetic analyses of Staphylococcus

    E-print Network

    Parkinson, Christopher L.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Longitudinal genetic analyses of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage Background: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) nasal colonization plays a critical role in the pathogenesis intermittent carriers. Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Bacterial genetics, Multi locus sequence typing, Nasal

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE The origin of tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) populations

    E-print Network

    Shaffer, H. Bradley

    RESEARCH ARTICLE The origin of tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) populations in California to dramatically disrupt native communities. In central California, tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) have tiger salamander (A. californiense). Other populations of A. tigrinum, particularly in the northern

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Celiac disease in the Mediterranean area

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Celiac disease in the Mediterranean area Francesca Tucci1 , Luca recommends developing national guidelines for the diagnosis of Celiac Disease (CD): hence a profile Gastroenterology Organization guidelines. Keywords: Mediterranean area, Celiac disease, World gastroenterology

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis and ssp.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis and ssp. bulgaricus: a chronicle: Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. lactis and ssp. bulgaricus are lactic acid producing bacteria that are largely. Keywords: Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Bulgaricus, Lactis, Genome, Comparative genomics, Adaptation

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Unraveling natural versus anthropogenic effects on genetic

    E-print Network

    Parkinson, Christopher L.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Unraveling natural versus anthropogenic effects on genetic diversity within by erosion of genetic diversity. However, contemporary genetic diversity may be the legacy of natural processes acting prior to anthropogenic influences. Measurements of genetic diversity from contemporary

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic resilience of Daphnia populations following experimental

    E-print Network

    Pfrender, Michael

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic resilience of Daphnia populations following experimental removal genetic variation. Since the level of adaptive genetic variation in populations plays an important role in persistence and adaptive response, understanding genetic resilience and the time course for re

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Temporal transcriptomic response during arsenic

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Temporal transcriptomic response during arsenic stress* Abstract Background: Arsenic is present in numerous ecosystems and microorganisms have developed various arsenic contaminated sludge, has acquired remarkable capabilities to cope with arsenic. In particular our

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Who seeks primary care for musculoskeletal

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Who seeks primary care for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs and compare patients with MSDs who consulted primary care physicians, either certified homeopaths (Ho consulting primary care physicians who prescribed homeopathy and CAMs differed from those seen

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Jeffrey A. Saunders David C. Knill

    E-print Network

    Knill, David C.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Jeffrey A. Saunders Æ David C. Knill Humans use continuous visual feedback from for relatively fast movements (Saunders and Knill 2003). Figure 1 illustrates the perturbation method used

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gaining insight into benzodiazepine prescribing

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Gaining insight into benzodiazepine prescribing in General Practice of General Practice, has been compiling since 1993 in a network of 90 GPs working mainly in solo practices

  19. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 17 October 2012

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2 Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurosciences: Intégration Cognitive du Neurone à la Société-mail: harold.mouras@u-picardie.fr Research on empathy for pain has provided evidence of an empathic bias toward to be sufficient to elicit an ingroup bias in empathy for pain. Keywords: empathy for pain, ingroup bias, social

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Confronting collinearity: comparing methods

    E-print Network

    of habitat loss and fragmentation Adam C. Smith Æ Nicola Koper Æ Charles M. Francis Æ Lenore Fahrig Received University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada e-mail: adam_c_smith@sympatico.ca N. Koper habitat A. C. Smith (&) Á L. Fahrig Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Research Laboratory, Carleton

  1. Research Article The Anchoring-and-Adjustment

    E-print Network

    used to explain such diverse phenomena as preference reversals, the hindsight bias, subadditivity intuitive judgments, and insufficient adjustment is commonly in- voked to explain judgmental biases. However, despite extensive research on anchoring effects, evidence for adjustment-based anchoring biases has only

  2. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 06 June 2013

    E-print Network

    Sternad, Dagmar

    ,3,4,5 * 1 Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 2 on the chosen coordinates. Keywords: motor learning, variability, noise, skill, time series analysis, computational model INTRODUCTION The past decade has seen a number of studies on motor control and learning

  3. Research Articles Strengthening the Capacity of Local

    E-print Network

    practitioners and state, tribal, and federal agencies. a Battelle Centers for Public Health Research played a large role in the remarkable increases in life expectancy in the United States in the 20th, ionizing radiation, terrorism inside our national borders, and emerging infectious diseases--have catalyzed

  4. Research Article Quinoline Ring Derivatives Protect

    E-print Network

    Rubel, Edwin

    ; Schmitt et al. 2009), there is currently no FDA-approved drug used for the prevention of hearing loss. RAIBLE 1,3 ( AND EDWIN W RUBEL 1,2 1 Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing Research Center, University that screen, seven protective drugs were initially identified that effectively prevented neomycin-induced hair

  5. Focusing a deterministic single-ion beam This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-print Network

    Pfeifer, Holger

    Focusing a deterministic single-ion beam This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please-2630/12/6/065023) Download details: IP Address: 134.60.83.7 The article was downloaded on 29/06/2010 at 13:28 Please note for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;T h e o p e n ­ a c c e s s j

  6. Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-print Network

    Pfeifer, Holger

    Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics EDITORIAL Focus on atom optics and its Published 28 June 2010 Online at http://www.njp.org/ doi:10.1088/1367-2630/12/6/065014 Abstract. Atom optics

  7. Bioterrorism and biodefence research: changing the focus of microbiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald M. Atlas

    2003-01-01

    Fear that terrorists can use biological agents as weapons of mass destruction is significantly impacting the conduct of microbiological research. Abundant new funds are available for biodefence research, and many researchers are racing to enter the field. There are some concerns, however, that a large emphasis on this issue could skew the microbiology research agenda. Furthermore, new responsibilities for safely

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Screening for data clustering in multicenter

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Screening for data clustering in multicenter studies: the residual of a prediction model. Background In clinical research, multicenter consortia are rapidly gaining popularity. Recruiting patients from a broad range of settings yields a representative sample, and sim- ultaneously

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-cost routing for energy and capacity

    E-print Network

    Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-cost routing for energy and capacity constrained wireless mesh networks Engineering and Informatics, University of Patras, Greece 2 Research Academic Computer Technology Institute, Patras, Greece ABSTRACT We propose a class of novel energy-efficient multi-cost routing algorithms

  10. American Journal of Primatology 67: 447461 (2005) RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Fedigan, Linda M.

    2005-01-01

    American Journal of Primatology 67: 447­461 (2005) RESEARCH ARTICLE Color Vision Polymorphism); Contract grant number: 15-11926; 16405015; Contract grant sponsor: Cooperation Research Program, Primate: Leakey Foundation; Contract grant sponsor: North of England Zoological Society; Contract grant sponsor

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013JC008908

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013JC008908 Wind forced variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current of Oceanography, Marine Research Institute, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa Abstract. The objective of this work is to assess the link between local wind forcing mechanisms and the variability

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLES Maize Centromeres: Organization and Functional Adaptation

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Maize Centromeres: Organization and Functional Adaptation in the Genetic Medical Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109 Centromeric DNA centromere or to centromeres at all. Thus, it is a major challenge to study the fine structure of individual

  13. Research Article The Effect of Snowmobile Trails on Coyote Movements

    E-print Network

    canadensis) are sympatric throughout much of the lynx's southern range. Researchers and managers have latrans, competition, coyote, lynx, Lynx canadensis, recreation, snow compaction, snowmobile, snowshoeResearch Article The Effect of Snowmobile Trails on Coyote Movements Within Lynx Home Ranges JAY A

  14. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Sensorimotor gating abnormalities in young males

    E-print Network

    Silva, Alcino

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Sensorimotor gating abnormalities in young males with fragile X syndrome Mental Retardation Research Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most inhibition; startle Introduction Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most prevalent form of inherited mental

  15. Research article 3D CAD model generation of mechanical parts

    E-print Network

    Koschan, Andreas

    Research article 3D CAD model generation of mechanical parts using coded-pattern projection prototypes, Lasers, Lighting systems Paper type Research paper 1. Introduction The generation of 3D CAD and Khoshnevis, 2004; Ding et al., 2004; Li et al., 2002; Song et al., 2002). Additionally, CAD modeling is often

  16. RESEARCH NOTES FROM COLLABORATIONS: How to focus a Cherenkov telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hofmann, W.

    2001-04-01

    Cherenkov telescopes image the Cherenkov emission from air showers. A priori, it is not obvious if the `best' images are achieved by measuring Cherenkov photon angles, i.e. focusing the telescope at infinity, or by considering the air shower as an object to be imaged, in which case one might focus the telescope on the central region of the shower. The issue is addressed using shower simulations.

  17. Vol. VII Issue II Spring 2005 Focus on Research

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    processes for manufacturing textiles. A product of this research, called lyocellTM is a biodegradable Research and Technology program. This new initiative is the initial phase of a robotic mission to the moon

  18. Bringing a Research Focus into the Teaching Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northfield, Jeff; Mitchell, Ian

    This paper is a preliminary look at a study on research by teachers. Participants were teachers in Melbourne, Australia, involved in the Project for Enhancing Effective Learning (PEEL) who were interested in designing, conducting, and reporting teacher-led research. Section 1 of the paper explores the last 10 years of teacher research as part of…

  19. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2010, v. 80, 919932 Research Article

    E-print Network

    Gilli, Adrian

    environments ranging from rocks to present-day sediments and living organisms, where they play a key role, their involvement in pathogenic calcifications as possible living organisms has been the subject of intensive of these studies have focused on living organisms and cannot be directly related to sedimentary rocks. Kirkland et

  20. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2008, v. 78, 654667 Research Article

    E-print Network

    Gilli, Adrian

    fossil kerogen and recent algae. This high-resolution microscopic study focuses on organic matter (OM origins of ultralaminae can be interpreted: algal and bacterial cell walls, thylakoids, and filamentous (10­30 nm), chemically resistant outer walls in various organisms, among which green algae

  1. A Definition of Research Focus for International Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans P. Lehmann

    1997-01-01

    International information systems (IIS) technology is a field where academic research is sparse. This contrasts starkly with a growing concern of practitioners who have come to regard IIS as a double threat: They are often vitally critical for the globally oriented firm, but at the same time they are perceived as difficult and risky. Previous research is reviewed and classified

  2. Focus: Bridging the Chemistry-Statistics Gap: Chemometrics Research Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Analytical Chemistry, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Presents highlights of a conference that provided an open forum for experts in statistics and in chemistry to exchange views on how research in statistical modeling and analysis can affect research in chemistry. A list of activities to reach new "customers" (including teaching chemometrics in high school) is included. (JN)

  3. 388 nature photonics | VOL 3 | JULY 2009 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics REVIEW aRtIclE | focus

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    388 nature photonics | VOL 3 | JULY 2009 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics REVIEW aRtIclE | focus in nanoscopic resolution by exciting SPP at its resonance frequency5,6 . Here we review the mecha. This essentially means that visible light cannot image nanomaterials. Here we review the mechanism for going beyond

  4. The mountain research focus of the University of Innsbruck Alpine Space Man & Environment

    E-print Network

    Breu, Ruth

    20 The mountain research focus of the University of Innsbruck Alpine Space ­ Man & Environment The research focus Alpine Space ­ Man & Environ- ment, established in 2010, is one of the three research foci of all protected areas are in mountains and they supply water to nearly one half of the world population

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Short-term variation in thermal stratification complicates

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Short-term variation in thermal stratification complicates estimation of lake sonde-based estimates of metabolism with high- frequency measurements of stratification using thermistor chains to determine how the short-term dynamics of stratification affect metabolic rates. We calculated

  6. Research article Mortality rates of honey bees in the wild

    E-print Network

    Dukas, Reuven

    Research article Mortality rates of honey bees in the wild R. Dukas Animal Behaviour Group of animals including social insects. It is not clear, however, whether honey bees in the wild live long enough to exhibit senescent decline. I tested for the effects of senescence on honey bees foraging

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Addressing the Challenge of Defining Valid

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Addressing the Challenge of Defining Valid Proteomic Biomarkers of a proteomic data set, suggestions for proper statistical analysis for the discovery of sets of clinically of the routine medical check-up before recruitment at the Hannover Medical School. Results: We found

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Protein expression, survival and docetaxel benefit

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Protein expression, survival and docetaxel benefit in node samples from 1,099 recruited women were analyzed for the expression of 34 selected proteins using. Current histo-clinical prog- nostic factors and the factors predictive for response to a given therapy

  9. Original Research Article Relationships Between Biomarkers of Inflammation, Ovarian Steroids,

    E-print Network

    Lummaa, Virpi

    Original Research Article Relationships Between Biomarkers of Inflammation, Ovarian Steroids associations between levels of a biomarker of inflammation [C-reactive protein (CRP)], and ovarian hormones and estradiol were the strongest negative predictors of CRP (R2 5 0.52, P 5 0.0001). Conclusions: Inflammation

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Biomarker discovery in asthma-related inflammation and

    E-print Network

    Liège, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Biomarker discovery in asthma-related inflammation and remodeling Florence Quesada in the installation and maintenance of asthma-related airway inflammation and remodeling. To date, new proteic of allergen-induced airway inflammation and remodeling. In this model, we pointed out several protein

  11. Smith & Telang/Competing with Free RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Smith & Telang/Competing with Free RESEARCH ARTICLE COMPETING WITH FREE: THE IMPACT OF MOVIE BROADCASTS ON DVD SALES AND INTERNET PIRACY 1 By: Michael D. Smith H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy. 321-338/June 2009 321 #12;Smith & Telang/Competing with Free Introduction "We can't compete with free

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Effects of blocking urokinase receptor signaling

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Effects of blocking urokinase receptor signaling by antisense oligonucleotides with antisense oligonucleotides (aODNs) in PC3 human prostate cancer cells and evaluated aODN effect in a mouse­714. doi:10.1038/sj.gt.3302456 Published online 27 January 2005 Keywords: antisense oligonucleotides; u

  13. Research Articles Yeast Ancestral Genome Reconstructions: The Possibilities

    E-print Network

    Chauve, Cedric

    Research Articles Yeast Ancestral Genome Reconstructions: The Possibilities of Computational the availability of assembled eukaryotic genomes, the first one being a budding yeast, many computational methods them to infer and analyse the architectures of two ancestral yeast genomes, based on the sequence

  14. Research Article Epithelial Phenotype Confers Resistance of Ovarian Cancer

    E-print Network

    Hemminki, Akseli

    ; 6 Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany; and 7 Cancer Gene Therapy Group, University of Helsinki adenoviruses. Using gene expression profiling of cancer cells either resistant or susceptible to viralResearch Article Epithelial Phenotype Confers Resistance of Ovarian Cancer Cells to Oncolytic

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Compositional gradients surrounding spherulites in obsidian

    E-print Network

    Watkins, Jim

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Compositional gradients surrounding spherulites in obsidian and their relationship, Ba, and Be were measured in and around spherulites in obsidian from a 4.7±1 km3 rhyolite lava dome with the relatively large volume of the dome. Keywords Obsidian . Spherulite . Tequila volcano . Diffusion

  16. Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System

    E-print Network

    Butler, Matthew J.

    Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System Backpack Transmitter for Wild Turkey inac- curate due to triangulation error. However, new technology, such as Global Positioning Systems telemetric methods. ß 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS Global Positioning System, habitat selection

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access School closures during the 2009 influenza

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access School closures during the 2009 influenza pandemic: national and local developed prior to the start of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic, and received considerable attention the different public health practises and public expectations concerning school closures and influenza

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Mental concatenation of perceptually and cognitively specified

    E-print Network

    Klatzky, Roberta

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Mental concatenation of perceptually and cognitively specified depth to represent how discrete segments of contiguous space arising from per- ceptual or cognitive channels are mentally scale. This cognitively mediated depth judgment produces sys- tematic under-estimation (Wu et al

  19. American Journal of Primatology 73:18 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Rothman, Jessica M.

    2011-01-01

    American Journal of Primatology 73:1­8 (2011) RESEARCH ARTICLE Protozoan Parasites in Group [1979] showed that all individuals within a given group harbored identical gastrointestinal protozoan island hypothesis by quantifying the protozoan faunas of the same primate species examined by Freeland

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Telomerase Activity and Differential Expression of

    E-print Network

    Delany, Mary E.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Telomerase Activity and Differential Expression of Telomerase Genes and c-myc in Gallus gallus domesticus: telomerase reverse transcriptase (chTERT), telomerase RNA (chTR), and c-myc-regulated in telomerase-positive chES cells. Transcription levels of chTERT, chTR, and c-myc are dramatically up

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Social and Reproductive Factors Affecting Cortisol

    E-print Network

    French, Jeffrey A.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Social and Reproductive Factors Affecting Cortisol Levels in Wild Female Golden cortisol has been associated with different levels of ``stress'' as well as different reproductive conditions in many primates. In callitrichids, cortisol has more often been reflective of female reproduc

  2. Research Article Preschool Speech Error Patterns Predict Articulation

    E-print Network

    Research Article Preschool Speech Error Patterns Predict Articulation and Phonological Awareness,a and Mary Louise Edwardsc Purpose: To determine if speech error patterns in preschoolers with speech sound: Twenty-five children with histories of preschool SSDs (and normal receptive language) were tested

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Connecting phenological predictions with population growth

    E-print Network

    Powell, James

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Connecting phenological predictions with population growth rates for mountain pine It is expected that a significant impact of global warming will be disruption of phenology as environmental cues connecting phenology with population growth rates. In this paper we discuss connecting a distributional model

  4. CONTRIBUTED RESEARCH ARTICLES 188 RcmdrPlugin.temis, a Graphical

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Plugin.temis, a graphical user interface for user-friendly text mining in R. Built as a plug-in to the R Commander provided ­ in particular in sociology and political science ­ fostered by the availability of integrated graphical userCONTRIBUTED RESEARCH ARTICLES 188 RcmdrPlugin.temis, a Graphical Integrated Text Mining Solution

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Nuclear Integrations of Mitochondrial DNA in Gorillas

    E-print Network

    Kidd, Kenneth

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Nuclear Integrations of Mitochondrial DNA in Gorillas MICHAEL I. JENSEN-SEAMAN1n sequences in gorillas show deep splits within West African gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), and very high-loop haplotypes from West African gorillas are in all likelihood nuclear integrations of mitochondrial DNA

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Stephan Eberhard Monica Jain Chung Soon Im

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Stephan Eberhard Æ Monica Jain Æ Chung Soon Im Steve Pollock Æ Jeff Shrager Æ Yuan. Communicated by D. Stern S. Eberhard Æ M. Jain Æ C. S. Im Æ S. Pollock Æ J. Shrager A. R. Grossman Department

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Nonparametric identification of regulatory

    E-print Network

    Fowlkes, Charless

    correct predictions. Results: Here we describe a novel approach which uses nonparametric statisticsRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Nonparametric identification of regulatory interactions from spatial: The correlation between the expression levels of transcription factors and their target genes can be used to infer

  8. Research Article Traffic Volume Alters Elk Distribution and Highway

    E-print Network

    Theimer, Tad

    Research Article Traffic Volume Alters Elk Distribution and Highway Crossings in Arizona JEFFREY W) fitted with Global Positioning System collars and hourly traffic data recorded along 27 km of highway in central Arizona, USA, to determine how traffic volume affected elk distribution and highway crossings

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Physiology declines prior to death in Drosophila

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    that are not near death. It is likely that other aspects of physiology may decline during this period. This study to accurately predict which flies in a population are near death at any given age; these flies are saidRESEARCH ARTICLE Physiology declines prior to death in Drosophila melanogaster Parvin Shahrestani

  10. DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY 30:513 (2013) Research Article

    E-print Network

    Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

    2013-01-01

    DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY 30:5­13 (2013) Research Article SEROTONIN TRANSPORTER LENGTH POLYMORPHISM, CHILDHOOD MALTREATMENT, AND CHRONIC DEPRESSION: A SPECIFIC GENE­ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION George W. Brown, Ph to stressful events in adulthood), and leads to chronic depressive episodes (as opposed to any onset

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Which placebo to cure depression? A

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Which placebo to cure depression? A thought-provoking network meta organizations. The following studies in first-line treatment for major depressive disorder were considered in trials of major depressive disorder. This result should remind clinicians to step back to take a more

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLES Embryo and Endosperm Inherit Distinct Chromatin and

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Embryo and Endosperm Inherit Distinct Chromatin and Transcriptional States from that RNA POLYMERASE II is less active in the embryo than in the endosperm. This dimorphic pattern cell versus the central cell. Thus, distinct epigenetic and transcriptional patterns in the embryo

  13. Research Article Detectability of Lesser Prairie-Chicken Leks

    E-print Network

    Butler, Matthew J.

    Research Article Detectability of Lesser Prairie-Chicken Leks: A Comparison of Surveys From-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) are traditionally monitored by spring road- based lek surveys and counts of males attending leks. Several weaknesses exist with ground-based monitoring methods such as the bias

  14. Research Article Tinnitus and Patterns of Hearing Loss

    E-print Network

    Allen, Jont

    Research Article Tinnitus and Patterns of Hearing Loss CHRISTINE M. TAN,1 WENDY LECLUYSE,3 DON publication: 18 January 2013 ABSTRACT Tinnitus is strongly linked with the presence of damaged hearing. However, it is not known why tinnitus afflicts only some, and not all, hearing- impaired listeners. One

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome of the adult female malaria

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome of the adult female malaria mosquito vector Anopheles-Cerón9 , Salvador Hernández-Martínez1 and Mario H Rodríguez López1 Abstract Background: Human Malaria species from different branches of the mosquito evolutionary tree transmit malaria, suggesting

  16. Research Article Insight into the Binding Mode for

    E-print Network

    Marshall, Garland R.

    Research Article Insight into the Binding Mode for Cyclopentapeptide Antagonists of the CXCR4@pcg.wustl.edu The finding that the chemokine receptor CXCR4 is involved in T-cell HIV entry has encouraged the development of antiretroviral drugs targeting this receptor. Additional evidence that CXCR4 plays a crucial role in both

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Heterologous expression of pathogen-specific

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Heterologous expression of pathogen-specific genes ligA and lig,4 and Mathieu Picardeau5* Abstract Background: In comparison to other bacterial pathogens, our knowledge immunoglobulin-like (Lig) proteins are surface proteins found in pathogenic Leptospira, but not in saprophytes

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Pathogen-induced Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Pathogen-induced Caenorhabditis elegans developmental plasticity has and lifespan of adult nematodes. Bacterial strains used in this study were either pathogenic or innocuous to nematodes. Exposure to the pathogen during development did not affect larval survival. However

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Detection of pancreatic cancer using antibody

    E-print Network

    Peterson, Carsten

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Detection of pancreatic cancer using antibody microarray-based serum proteinFv antibody microarray in an attempt to classify sera derived from pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients versus cancer patients and healthy subjects. Furthermore, a potential protein signature, consisting of 21

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of snowy plovers (Charadrius

    E-print Network

    Funk, W. Chris

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of snowy plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) in the Western (Charadrius alexandrinus) in North America, the Caribbean, and the west coast of South America to quantify the continental U.S. Our results suggest that snowy plovers in Florida should be considered part of C. a. nivosus

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular characterization of glucose-6-

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Molecular characterization of glucose-6- phosphate dehydrogenase) enzyme deficiencies. We carried out a study on glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient of nucleotide1311 and IVS-XI-93 polymorphisms in the glucose-6- phosphate dehydrogenase gene. Results: A total

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Habitat area trumps fragmentation effects on arthropods

    E-print Network

    With, Kimberly A.

    of the individual habitat patches (patch size or isolation) rather than the overall landscape (percent habitat coverRESEARCH ARTICLE Habitat area trumps fragmentation effects on arthropods in an experimental / Published online: 7 July 2011 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract The effects of habitat

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Myeloid related protein induces muscle derived

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Myeloid related protein induces muscle derived inflammatory mediators within muscle tissue very early in the disease process, is unknown. We hypothesised that these cells secrete the pro-inflammatory myeloid related protein (MRP) 8/14 which may then contribute to muscle

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative genomics of emerging pathogens in

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Comparative genomics of emerging pathogens in the Candida glabrata of candidemia worldwide. These two pathogenic yeasts are distantly related, C. glabrata being part to be the only pathogenic Nakaseomyces, two new pathogens have recently been described within this group: C

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Exploring necrotizing autoimmune myopathies

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    with suspicion of NAM, 142 controls with different inflammatory/autoimmune diseases and 100 healthy donorsRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Exploring necrotizing autoimmune myopathies with a novel immunoassay,3* and the French Myositis Network [CN] Abstract Introduction: Necrotizing autoimmune myopathies (NAM) have recently

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Aerodynamic and functional consequences of wing compliance

    E-print Network

    Daniel, Tom

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Aerodynamic and functional consequences of wing compliance Andrew M. Mountcastle Æ, the instantaneous shape of an insect wing is dictated by the interaction of aerodynamic forces with the inertial rever- sals--loads that well exceed the mean aerodynamic force. Although wing compliance has been

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Quality indicators for colorectal cancer surgery

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Quality indicators for colorectal cancer surgery and care according-Louis Renaud-Salis6 , Eric Rullier3,9 Group for Colorectal cancer (GRACCOR) Abstract Background: Colorectal organization, Colorectal cancer, Lymph node evaluation, Medical practice * Correspondence: s

  8. Research Article Effects of Fire and Grazing on Grasshopper

    E-print Network

    Miller, James R.

    Research Article Effects of Fire and Grazing on Grasshopper Sparrow Nest Survival TORRE J. HOVICK,1-burn grazing and a more traditional treatment on the nesting ecology of grasshopper sparrows (Ammodramus in the spring. We investigated the effects of treatments on clutch size and modeled grasshopper sparrow nest

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013WR015236

    E-print Network

    Katul, Gabriel

    RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013WR015236 A dynamical system perspective on plant hydraulic failure to the point of collapsing the plant hydraulic system. This ``hydraulic failure'' is shown to correspond of the hydraulic system. In the most extreme case, the evaporative demand cannot be met by water supply from

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolution of Cranial Shape in Caecilians (Amphibia

    E-print Network

    Klingenberg, Christian Peter

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Evolution of Cranial Shape in Caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) Emma Sherratt of morphological variation in the skull of caecilian amphibians, a major clade of verte- brates. Because caecilians cor- respond to the main caecilian clades, and each cluster is separated by unoccupied morphospace

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility

    E-print Network

    Latch, Emily K.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility as a source: the last extant lake sturgeon population in the Ohio River drainage. The White River population exhibited slightly lower levels of genetic diversity than other lake sturgeon populations. However, the population

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Controlling speed and direction during interception

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Controlling speed and direction during interception: an affordance-based approach / Published online: 1 December 2009 Ó Springer-Verlag 2009 Abstract The coordination of direction and speed of self- motion when intercepting a target moving parallel to the ground plane was examined. Subjects

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Diet, occupational exposure and early asthma

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Diet, occupational exposure and early asthma incidence among bakers,2 and Denis Zmirou-Navier1,2,3 Abstract Background: The natural history of occupational asthma (OA settings. Keywords: Occupational asthma, Epidemiology, Atopy, Vitamins Background Occupational asthma (OA

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Craniofacial and Dental Development in Costello

    E-print Network

    Klein, Ophir

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Craniofacial and Dental Development in Costello Syndrome Alice F. Goodwin,1/MAPK, is known to play a critical role in craniofacial and dental development, the cranio- facial and dental and dental phenotype in a large cohort (n ¼ 41) of CS individuals. We confirmed that the craniofacial

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Complete plastome sequences of Equisetum

    E-print Network

    Olmstead, Richard

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Complete plastome sequences of Equisetum arvense and Isoetes flaccida at the boundaries of the inverted repeats. Results: We present the plastome sequences of Equisetum arvense + Equisetum arvense), and seed plants. Resolution among the four monilophyte lineages remained moderate

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Connectivity and gene flow among Eastern Tiger Salamander

    E-print Network

    Zamudio, Kelly R.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Connectivity and gene flow among Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) in New York and New Jersey are at the northern edge of the species diversity in tiger salamander populations at the northern extent of their range, we found that populations

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Jason J. S. Barton Cathleen Greenzang

    E-print Network

    Manoach, Dara S.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Jason J. S. Barton Æ Cathleen Greenzang Rebecca Hefter Æ Jay Edelman Æ Dara S reconfiguration process switches the system from one J. J. S. Barton (&) Æ R. Hefter Department of Neurology, Beth.: +1-604-8754339 Fax: +1-604-8754302 J. J. S. Barton Department of Ophthalmology, Beth Israel Deaconess

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Jason J. S. Barton Mustafa Raoof Omar Jameel

    E-print Network

    Manoach, Dara S.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Jason J. S. Barton Æ Mustafa Raoof Æ Omar Jameel Dara S. Manoach Task control of eye movements. J. J. S. Barton (&) Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA J. J. S. Barton Department of Ophthalmology and Visual

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Shorter-lived workers start foraging earlier

    E-print Network

    Tofilski , Adam

    ¨user Verlag, Basel/Switzerland 2009 Abstract In social insects it is often observed that young workers perform their death is less costly to the colony than the death of young workers. The expected longevity of workersRESEARCH ARTICLE Shorter-lived workers start foraging earlier A. Tofilski Received: 11 February

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Peptide deformylase inhibitor actinonin reduces

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Peptide deformylase inhibitor actinonin reduces celastrol's HSP70,5* Abstract Background: Celastrol is a promising anti-tumor agent, yet it also elevates heat shock proteinsRNA to increase celastrol's anti- tumor effects through HSP70 interference has been reported, but because si

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JC009924

    E-print Network

    Gille, Sarah T.

    of salinity is important because it influences upper ocean stratification, which in turn affects sea surface considered the role played by salinity. Since salinity controls upper ocean stratification throughout muchRESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014JC009924 The diurnal salinity cycle in the tropics Kyla Drushka1

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Adult male circumcision as an intervention

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Adult male circumcision as an intervention against HIV: An operational male circumcision (AMC), assess the association of AMC with HIV incidence and prevalence, and estimate incidence assay. Circumcision status was self- reported and clinically assessed. Adjusted HIV incidence rate

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLES Dry Powder Inhaler Device Influence on Carrier Particle

    E-print Network

    Raman, Venkat

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Dry Powder Inhaler Device Influence on Carrier Particle Performance MARTIN J.com). DOI 10.1002/jps.22824 ABSTRACT: Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) are distinguished from one another the role of carrier particle size and shape on inhaler performance. Two percent (w/w) binary blends

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Skeletal muscle alterations and exercise

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Skeletal muscle alterations and exercise performance decrease: Erythropoietin (EPO) is known to improve exercise performance by increasing oxygen blood transport and thus on this tissue. Thus, the objectives of the present study were to confirm a decrease in exercise performance

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Electro-acupuncture on functional peripheral

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Electro-acupuncture on functional peripheral nerve regeneration in the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of electro-acupuncture was untreated while the experimental group received an electro-acupuncture application to the injured limb under

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Gastrulation in the Spider Zygiella x-notata

    E-print Network

    Black, Steven D.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Gastrulation in the Spider Zygiella x-notata Involves Three Distinct Phases of gastrulation were analyzed in embryos of the spider Zygiella x-notata, using time- lapse video, cell tracing words: gastrulation; morphogenesis; arthropod; spider; arachnid; chelicerate Accepted 29 September 2007

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Particles for tracing turbulent liquid helium

    E-print Network

    Lathrop, Daniel P.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Particles for tracing turbulent liquid helium Gregory P. Bewley Æ K. R of local flow velocities in turbulent liquid helium, using tracer particles. We survey and evaluate, we note that cryogenic helium is attractive for experimental studies because its kinematic viscosity

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Rates of immunization against pandemic and

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Rates of immunization against pandemic and seasonal influenza immunization in these target groups attending a medical consultation for two consecutive influenza seasons% defined by the 2004 French Public Health Law, and underscores the need for the implementation of public

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Zooid size parallels contemporaneous oxygen isotopes

    E-print Network

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    RESEARCH ARTICLE A. O'Dea Zooid size parallels contemporaneous oxygen isotopes in a large colony 1988; Hunter and Hughes 1994; O'Dea and Okamura 1999, 2000a, 2000b, 2000c; O'Dea and Jack- son 2002, 2003; O'Dea 2003). Results thus far show a clear inverse relationship between temperature and zooid

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Biodegradable mulch instead of polyethylene for weed

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Biodegradable mulch instead of polyethylene for weed control of processing tomato P. Mill.) in Spain achieving a generally high weed control but caus- ing a serious waste problem which should provide high yield, high weed control and be economically available. For 3 years, the same

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Evidence for weed quantity as the major information

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Evidence for weed quantity as the major information gathered by organic farmers for weed management Marion Casagrande & Nathalie Joly & Marie-Hélène Jeuffroy & Christine Bouchard has several drawbacks such as difficult weed management. Indeed weeds can reduce crop yields

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Socioeconomic environment and cancer incidence

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    policies that could be undertaken to reduce social inequalities. Keywords: Cancer incidence, SocioeconomicRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Socioeconomic environment and cancer incidence: a French population of the study was to quantify the cancer burden related to social deprivation by identifying the cancer sites

  13. Research Article Survival of Pronghorns in Western South Dakota

    E-print Network

    Research Article Survival of Pronghorns in Western South Dakota CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES,1 Department of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA ABSTRACT Survival and cause-specific mortality of pronghorns (Antilocapra months) and yearling (6­18 months) pronghorns and to determine monthly and summer (Jun­Aug) survival

  14. Research Article Dispersal of Yearling Pronghorns in Western South Dakota

    E-print Network

    Research Article Dispersal of Yearling Pronghorns in Western South Dakota CHRISTOPHER N. JACQUES,1, SD 57007, USA ABSTRACT We captured and radiocollared 57 pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) fawns ranges varied from 6.2­267.0 km. Winter home-range sizes for all individual pronghorns varied from 39

  15. First-Year Students Benefit from Reading Primary Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wenk, Laura; Tronsky, Loel

    2011-01-01

    Primary research articles discuss aspects of scientific inquiry that are important in understanding the nature of science. Yet, most introductory science courses use textbooks that ignore the scientific process; opportunities for explicit discussion of the nature of science are lost. In Hampshire College's science program, students read current…

  16. Do Open-Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristin Antelman

    2005-01-01

    Although many authors believe that their work has a greater research impact if it is freely available, studies to demonstrate that impact are few. This study looks at articles in four disciplines at varying stages of adoption of open access—philosophy, political science, electrical and electronic engineering and mathematics—to see whether they have a greater im- pact as measured by citations

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Uncloaking a cryptic, threatened rail with molecular markers

    E-print Network

    Beissinger, Steven R.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Uncloaking a cryptic, threatened rail with molecular markers: origins Black Rail lives under dense marsh vegetation, is rarely observed, flies weakly and has a highly disjunct distribution. The largest population of rails is found in 8­10 large wetlands in San Francisco Bay

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Weight change during chemotherapy changes

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    gain and weight loss. However, most studies were conducted prior to the common use of anthracyclineRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Weight change during chemotherapy changes the prognosis in non A Mouret-Reynier2,3 , Philippe Chollet1,2,3 , Xavier Durando2,3 Abstract Background: Weight change during

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Polyploid evolution and Pleistocene glacial cycles

    E-print Network

    Zürich, Universität

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Polyploid evolution and Pleistocene glacial cycles: A case study from and Elena Conti2 Abstract Background: Recent studies highlighted the role of Pleistocene climatic cycles, Flow cytometry, Non-adaptive processes, Phylogeny, Primula marginata, Alps, Refugia, Pleistocene

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation and genetics of the frosted flatwoods salamander

    E-print Network

    Grether, Gregory

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation and genetics of the frosted flatwoods salamander (Ambystoma, salamanders from the northern extent of the species range in South Carolina were not previously available of flatwoods salamanders. The mitochondrial and nuclear results are largely congruent, yielding strong sup

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Benefits of organic residues and chemical fertilizer

    E-print Network

    van Kessel, Chris

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Benefits of organic residues and chemical fertilizer to productivity of rain may improve the efficiency of fertilizer use, on-farm residues, for example farmyard manure (FYM of fertilizer use at four sites. Rice yield without fertilizer but with addition of residues ranged from 1

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Management of soil nitrate heterogeneity resulting from crop

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Management of soil nitrate heterogeneity resulting from crop rows in a lettuce Abstract Vegetable crops grown under plastic tunnels in the Mediterranean region are intensively managed and winter. Lettuce cropping in these systems can generate significant nitrate losses. Thus, nitrogen must

  3. Frontiers in Brain Imaging Methods Research Article 11 June 2014

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    the use of a brain atlas, or iii) the use of data-driven parcellations.28 ROI-based analysis has beenFrontiers in Brain Imaging Methods Research Article 11 June 2014 1 Which fMRI clustering gives good brain parcellations? Bertrand Thirion 1,2,, Ga¨el Varoquaux 1,2, Elvis Dohmatob 1,2 and Jean

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Epidemiological changes in meningococcal

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Epidemiological changes in meningococcal meningitis in Niger from 2008 and microbiological patterns of bacterial meningitis, and especially that of meningococcal meningitis, in Niger during Abstract Background: The epidemiology of bacterial meningitis in the African `meningitis belt' changes

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Estimating the individualized HIV-1 genetic

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Estimating the individualized HIV-1 genetic barrier to resistance in the treatment. In general, the virus is more likely to develop resistance to drugs with a lower genetic barrier, the individualized genetic barrier to NFV resistance may be estimated for an isolate. Results: We investigated

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The major leucyl aminopeptidase of Trypanosoma

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The major leucyl aminopeptidase of Trypanosoma cruzi (LAPTc) assembles in Trypanosoma cruzi, the aetiological agent of Chagas disease. Results: The enzyme was isolated from supply. Background The kinetoplastid protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is the aetiological agent of Chagas

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Reduced thoracolumbar fascia shear strain in

    E-print Network

    Konofagou, Elisa E.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Reduced thoracolumbar fascia shear strain in human chronic low back of loose connective tissue that normally allow the dense layers to glide past one another during trunk ultrasound elasticity imaging in human subjects with and without chronic low back pain (LBP). Methods: We

  8. Research Article Genomic organization of deer mouse (Peromyscus

    E-print Network

    Schountz, Tony

    Research Article Genomic organization of deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) tumor necrosis factor immunopathology caused by abundant production of TNF. In contrast, infected deer mice, the natural reservoir of SN virus, exhibit no pathology or inflammation in the lungs. Because of this, it is unlikely that deer mice

  9. Research Article Isolation and cytokine gene expression of deer

    E-print Network

    Schountz, Tony

    Research Article Isolation and cytokine gene expression of deer mouse peritoneal macrophages of Biological Sciences, Mesa State College, Grand Junction, CO 81501 Abstract. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) are the principal reservoir hosts of Sin Nombre han- tavirus (SNV). Once infected, deer mice remain persistently

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Dispersal promotes high gene flow among Canada lynx

    E-print Network

    studies addressing the population structure of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) have been surprisingly fluctuations, the population dynamics and ecology of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) have long garneredRESEARCH ARTICLE Dispersal promotes high gene flow among Canada lynx populations across mainland

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Dispersal promotes high gene flow among Canada lynx

    E-print Network

    Row, Jeffrey R.

    structure of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) have been surprisingly equivocal, despite a large amount dynamics and ecology of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) have long garnered the attention of populationRESEARCH ARTICLE Dispersal promotes high gene flow among Canada lynx populations across mainland

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Functional connectivity of lynx at their southern range

    E-print Network

    lynx Á Lynx canadensis Á Circuit theory Á Occupancy Á Functional connectivity Á Habitat IntroductionRESEARCH ARTICLE Functional connectivity of lynx at their southern range periphery in Ontario, we modeled occurrence of Canada lynx (Lynx canaden- sis) in relation to landscape characteristics

  13. -RESEARCH ARTICLE Search for Past Life on Mars

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    - RESEARCH ARTICLE Search for Past Life on Mars: Possible Relic Biogenic Activity in Martian of present-day life on Mars was addressed by the Viking lander experiments in 1976. Al- though the results of life at other locations on Mars could not be ruled out (1). The Viking lander's mass spectrometry

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Pressures on Apicoplast Transit Peptides

    E-print Network

    McFadden, Geoff

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolutionary Pressures on Apicoplast Transit Peptides Stuart A. Ralph,*1 Bernardo. The first component of the bipartite leader resembles a standard signal peptide present at the N leaders of P. falciparum, the so-called transit peptide, indicates similarities to plant transit peptides

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Probable medications overuse headaches

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Probable medications overuse headaches: validation of a brief easy-to-use screening tool in a headache centre Virginie Dousset1* , Martial Maud1 , Mélanie Legoff2 , Françoise Radat1-II for medication overuse headache (MOH) requires experience for the physician and is time-consuming. Methods: ICHD

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Occupational exposure to asbestos and lung

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    : Lung cancer, Asbestos, Cigarette smoking, Case­control, Occupational epidemiology Background Lung that 13,300 men would be diagnosed with lung cancer and 10,800 would die of it [1]. While cigaretteRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Occupational exposure to asbestos and lung cancer in men: evidence

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Safety and effectiveness of adalimumab in

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Safety and effectiveness of adalimumab in patients with rheumatoid failed at least one disease-modifying anti- rheumatic drug (DMARD) were treated with adalimumab (ADA tumour necrosis factor (TNF) as monotherapy or when used in combination with DMARDs [2,5-10]. Adalimumab

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Seed bank persistence of genetically modified canola in California Douglas J of glyphosate. Methods Volunteer from dormant canola seeds produced thousands of plants per hectare in the fourth year (2011) following a 2007 crop harvest. This occurred with no addi- tional canola seed

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Simulating simultanagnosia: spatially constricted vision mimics

    E-print Network

    Duchaine, Bradley C.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Simulating simultanagnosia: spatially constricted vision mimics local capture´lint syndrome, have a restricted spatial window of visual attention and cannot see more than one object-level processing, we used a gaze-con- tingent display to create a literal restriction of vision for healthy

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Variability of the chronic obstructive pulmonary

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Variability of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease key,2,4 Abstract Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is predicted to become a major cause. Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a pre- ventable disease characterized by partially

  1. Research Article Effects of alpine hydropower operations on primary production

    E-print Network

    Research Article Effects of alpine hydropower operations on primary production in a downstream lake the past century, the construction of hydropower dams in the watershed of Lake Brienz has significantly. According to model calculations, hydropower operations have significantly altered the seasonal dynamics

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Hidden Markov model speed heuristic and

    E-print Network

    Eddy, Sean

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Hidden Markov model speed heuristic and iterative HMM search procedure. Background Profile hidden Markov models (profile-HMMs) are sen- sitive tools for remote protein homology and simply combined with existing profile hidden Markov model search strategies. In this study, we describe

  3. Research Articles A Computer/Human Mastermind Player using Grids

    E-print Network

    Goddard, Wayne

    Research Articles A Computer/Human Mastermind Player using Grids Wayne Goddard Dept of Computer in AI is the develop- ment of computer players for human games. There is still much interest in players. As a human player, it provides a good player, and with practice, can be used very fast. As a computer player

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Predictors of Chikungunya rheumatism: a

    E-print Network

    of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) rheumatism (CHIK-R). Little is known on their prognostic factors. The aim is properly cited. #12;Introduction Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an enveloped RNA posi- tive-strand alphavirusRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Predictors of Chikungunya rheumatism: a prognostic survey ancillary

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Rounding of pumice clasts during transport

    E-print Network

    Manga, Michael

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Rounding of pumice clasts during transport: field measurements and laboratory­particle interactions. We consider, as examples, pumice from four volcanoes: Medicine Lake, California; Lassen clasts (Taupo) become the most round. Crystal-rich pumice abrades more slowly than crystal-free pumice

  6. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Facile, high efficiency immobilization of lipase

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Facile, high efficiency immobilization of lipase enzyme on magnetic: Immobilization of lipase on appropriate solid supports is one way to improve their stability and activity is still challenging. Results: A facile method of lipase immobilization was developed in this study

  7. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Nuclear and mitochondrial patterns of introgression

    E-print Network

    Tofilski , Adam

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Nuclear and mitochondrial patterns of introgression into native dark bees. Genetic variability of native honey bees in the north-eastern part of Poland, including a special isolated derived from non-native bees. Our data revealed the presence of hybrids in populations formerly considered

  8. PALAIOS, 2012, v. 27, p. 693706 Research Article

    E-print Network

    Greer, Lisa

    PALAIOS, 2012, v. 27, p. 693­706 Research Article DOI: 10.2110/palo.2011.p11-118r UNUSUAL HOLOCENE previously described as calcareous tufa of probably algal origin or algal stromatolites (Mann et al., 1984) or spheroid thrombolitic algal stromatolites (Taylor et al., 1985). Tourist guidebooks for the area described

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Complex phylogenetic distribution of a non-

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Complex phylogenetic distribution of a non- canonical genetic code eukaryotic lineages, including the ulvophycean green algal orders Dasycladales and Cladophorales. To study of a representative set of ulvophycean green algae and used a robust green algal phylogeny to evaluate different

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE A. G. Grottoli L. J. Rodrigues C. Juarez

    E-print Network

    Grottoli, Andréa G.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE A. G. Grottoli Æ L. J. Rodrigues Æ C. Juarez Lipids and stable carbon isotopes. Skeletal, host tissue, and algal symbiont d13 C values were also measured in non-bleached and bleached C was not significantly different in the host tissue and algal symbiont fractions in non

  11. Research Article Impacts of data quantity on fisheries stock assessment

    E-print Network

    Chen, Yong

    Research Article Impacts of data quantity on fisheries stock assessment Yong Chen1, *, Liqiao Chen2 population dynamics of fish stocks is essential in developing optimal fisheries man- agement strategies. This is often obtained through fitting mathematical models to information/data collected from the fisheries

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Constraints on the partitioning of Klauea's lavas

    E-print Network

    Wright, Robert

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Constraints on the partitioning of Klauea's lavas between surface and tube flows of lava between the surface and tube systems at Klauea volcano, Hawai'i, over a decadal timescale by the lava effusion rate and the amount of flow accommodated by the subsurface tube system. At Klauea

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of the alligator snapping turtle: cytonuclear

    E-print Network

    Roman, Joe

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of the alligator snapping turtle: cytonuclear evidence A previous mtDNA study indicated that female- mediated gene flow was extremely rare among alligator snapping of reciprocal mtDNA monophyly and high levels of microsatellite DNA divergence. Keywords Alligator snapping

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Adaptation to statins restricts human tumour

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Adaptation to statins restricts human tumour growth in Nude mice Julie to tumours in Nude mice. Methods: HGT-1 human gastric cancer cells and L50 statin-resistant derivatives were injected subcutaneously into Nude mice and tumour growth was recorded. At the end of the experiment

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genetic analysis of safflower domestication

    E-print Network

    Burke, John M.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genetic analysis of safflower domestication Stephanie A Pearl1 Background: Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is an oilseed crop in the Compositae (a.k.a. Asteraceae architecture of safflower domestication and compare our findings to those from sunflower (Helianthus annuus L

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014GC005457

    E-print Network

    Zhong, Shijie

    of the lithosphere) is one of the essential characteristics of Earth's present-day surface velocity field. ToroidalRESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2014GC005457 History and dynamics of net rotation of the mantle The net rotation of Earth's lithosphere with respect to the underlying mantle is the longest- wavelength

  17. PALAIOS, 2012, v. 27, p. 206219 Research Article

    E-print Network

    PALAIOS, 2012, v. 27, p. 206­219 Research Article DOI: 10.2110/palo.2011.p11-088r INFLUENCE OF GAS of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0740, USA, scottmat of the constituent microbial communities, whereby filaments orient vertically during the day and recline at night

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE The contribution of China's Grain to Green Program

    E-print Network

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    RESEARCH ARTICLE The contribution of China's Grain to Green Program to carbon sequestration Dan Liu, the magnitude and distribution of carbon sequestration induced by GGP remain unknown. In this study, we in southern China. The economic benefits of carbon sequestration from the GGP were also estimated according

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Local and landscape effects on the butterfly community

    E-print Network

    Debinski, Diane M.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Local and landscape effects on the butterfly community in fragmented Midwest USA matrix, potentially impermeable to dis- persing individuals. We examined butterfly responses to local and configuration of the landscape affects butterfly community within the fragment, 2) determine whether explanatory

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Understanding and Predicting Student Self-Regulated

    E-print Network

    Young, R. Michael

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Understanding and Predicting Student Self-Regulated Learning Strategies in Game in computer-based learning environ- ments. Consequently, understanding students' self-regulated learning-time has proven challenging. This paper presents an initial investigation into self- regulated learning

  1. 3753DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Klein, Ophir

    3753DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Rodent incisors provide a remarkable example of the requirement, shared by many organs, for continuous production of progeny from stem cells; these specialized teeth grow throughout life by virtue of the existence of pools of adult stem cells that generate

  2. 2981DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Brand, Andrea

    2981DEVELOPMENT AND STEM CELLS RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTION Neurons must be generated the balance between self-renewing neural stem cells and their differentiated progeny. Stem cells can divide, neuroepithelial cells initially divide symmetrically to expand the stem cell pool. Later in development

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Unexpected predominance of wine grower location over soil

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Unexpected predominance of wine grower location over soil trafficability for vine the vineyard of the farm holding, and (3) the wine grower residence place. Our results show that the traffic. The wine grower residence place classifies 84% of the plots. Although the choice of practice correlated

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Archetypal analysis of diverse Pseudomonas

    E-print Network

    Kaski, Samuel

    Analysis" of global gene expression. The analysis is based on microarray data from five integrated studiesRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Archetypal analysis of diverse Pseudomonas aeruginosa transcriptomes1 , Søren Molin1 and Lars Jelsbak1* Abstract Background: Analysis of global gene expression by DNA

  5. Research Article Improved survival in red blood cell transfusion

    E-print Network

    Strynadka, Natalie

    Research Article Improved survival in red blood cell transfusion dependent patients with primary@ providencehematology.com Abstract Many patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) become red blood cell (RBC) transfusion dependent (TD), risking iron overload (IOL). Iron chelation therapy (ICT) may decrease the risk

  6. Research Article Decontamination of Surfaces Exposed to Carbon-Based

    E-print Network

    Vaziri, Ashkan

    Research Article Decontamination of Surfaces Exposed to Carbon-Based Nanotubes and Nanomaterials nanomaterial-specific decontamination guidelines. In this paper, we propose and investigate a potential method for surface decontamination of carbon-based nanomaterials using solvent cleaning and wipes. The results show

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Links between multisensory processing and autism

    E-print Network

    Mitroff, Stephen

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Links between multisensory processing and autism Sarah E. Donohue · Elise F Abstract Autism spectrum disorder is typically associ- ated with social deficits and is often specifically suggested that children with autism might also have deficits in basic perceptual abilities including

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Shared and Idiosyncratic Cortical Activation Patterns in Autism

    E-print Network

    Hasson, Uri

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Shared and Idiosyncratic Cortical Activation Patterns in Autism Revealed Under been documented in individuals with autism, the functional implications of these alterations remain activity in adults with autism during free-viewing of a popular audio­visual movie. Whereas these complex

  9. Research article From robotic hands to human hands

    E-print Network

    Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

    problems and can be used to plan grasps for an actual robot. With the aid of a vision system, we have shownResearch article From robotic hands to human hands: a visualization and simulation engine York, USA Abstract Purpose ­ Robotic hands are still a long way from matching the grasping

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Caffeine administration does not alter salivary

    E-print Network

    Ritter, Frank

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Caffeine administration does not alter salivary -amylase activity in young male daily caffeine consumers Laura Cousino Klein1,2* , Courtney A Whetzel1 , Jeanette M Bennett1 report from our lab [Hum Psychopharmacol 25:359­367, 2010.] we examined the effects of caffeine

  11. Research Article Microbial Community Structures of Novel Icelandic Hot

    E-print Network

    Low, Steven H.

    Research Article Microbial Community Structures of Novel Icelandic Hot Spring Systems Revealed community profiles of recently formed hot spring systems ranging in temperatures from 57°C to 100°C and p revealed distinct bacterial and archaeal diversity in geographically distinct hot springs. Slight

  12. Research article e-Business strategy and firm performance

    E-print Network

    Coltman, Tim

    performance of many established firms. A number of impressive examples come to mind: Tesco in the UK, OttoU N C O R R EC TED PR O O F Research article e-Business strategy and firm performance: a latent types of firms populate our data, and the relationship between performance and its underlying

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genotype and diet shape resistance and

    E-print Network

    Lazzaro, Brian

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Genotype and diet shape resistance and tolerance across distinct against pathogenic infection is composed of resistance and tolerance. Resistance is the ability an escalating arms race between pathogen virulence factors and host antimicrobial activity. How a host balances

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Facile synthesis of PEGylated PLGA nanoparticles

    E-print Network

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Facile synthesis of PEGylated PLGA nanoparticles encapsulating doxorubicin and its K. Nagesha & Robert Cormack & Mike G. Makrigiorgos & Srinivas Sridhar Published online: 9 January of nanoparticle-based platforms for different bio- medical applications. A better understanding for engineer- ing

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access British residents' views about general practice

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access British residents' views about general practice care in France in the host country. The objective of the study was to analyse British migrants' views on general practice the responses to the 23-item Europep questionnaire evaluating different aspects of general practice care, using

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Associations between soil carbon and ecological landscape

    E-print Network

    Grunwald, Sabine

    ^nico, 1024, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22460-000, Brazil S. Grunwald (&) Soil and Water Science DepartmentRESEARCH ARTICLE Associations between soil carbon and ecological landscape variables at escalating B.V. 2011 Abstract The spatial distribution of soil carbon (C) is controlled by ecological processes

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Neuromuscular adaptations after a rehabilitation

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Neuromuscular adaptations after a rehabilitation program in patients Background: To investigate the impact of a short-term multimodal rehabilitation program for patients with low were tested before, just after and again one month after the rehabilitation program. Results: No main

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Tumor Delivery of Ultrasound Contrast Agents Using Shiga

    E-print Network

    Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Tumor Delivery of Ultrasound Contrast Agents Using Shiga Toxin B Subunit Olivier xenograft tumors by exploiting the overexpression of the glycolipid Gb3 in neovasculature. To this endB). The targeting of Gb3-expressing tumor cells by STxB microbubbles was first shown by flow cytometry

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Breast cancer care compared with clinical

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Breast cancer care compared with clinical Guidelines: an observational these factors is not well known. In two French regions, we measured compliance with Clinical Practice Guidelines for non-metastatic BC care management and identified factors associated with non-compliance at clinical

  20. Psychometric g as a Focus of Concerted Research Effort.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Arthur R.

    1987-01-01

    Psychometric g is by far more highly correlated with all tests conventionally called "IQ," cognitive abilities, and the like, than any other single factor or combination of other factors independent of g. Researchers must now examine the nature of psychometric g, including its causal underpinnings. (LMO)

  1. PREVENTING WATERBORNE DISEASE - A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH

    EPA Science Inventory

    Although fatalities caused by waterborne pathogens have decreased in the United States during the 20th century, annual cases of water-related, microorganism-induced disease still number in the thousands. This brochure highlights the efforts of EPA's Office of Research and Develop...

  2. "Ganando Confianza": Research Focus Groups with Immigrant Mexican Mothers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausmann-Stabile, Carolina; Zayas, Luis H.; Runes, Sandra; Abenis-Cintron, Anna; Calzada, Esther

    2011-01-01

    Immigrant families with children with developmental disabilities must be served using culturally sensitive approaches to service and research to maximize treatment benefits. In an effort to better understand cultural issues relevant to the provision of parenting programs for immigrant Mexican mothers of children with developmental disabilities, we…

  3. Faculty at Work: Focus on Research, Scholarship, and Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackburn, Robert T.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    A study compared selected personal and environmental motivational variables in college faculty with allocation of work effort to research, scholarship, and service. Faculty were from eight liberal arts and sciences departments in a range of institution types. For all institutional types, self-valuation motivators significantly accounted for the…

  4. Organizational Efficacy as a Research Focus for School Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hersh, Richard H.

    A number of researchers, as well as practicing teachers and administrators, have reached similar conclusions about what makes a school effective: (1) the behavior of teachers, administrators, and students; (2) the quality, as well as the quantity of effort, materials, and time; and (3) the curriculum--both what is taught and how it is taught. The…

  5. Focus on Basics, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Focus on Basics, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Together, these four newsletters contain 36 articles devoted to adult literacy research and practice and the relationship between them. The following articles are included: "A Productive Partnership" (Richard J. Murnane, Bob Bickerton); "Welcome to 'Focus on Basics'" (Barbara Garner); "Applying Research on the Last Frontier" (Karen Backlund, Kathy…

  6. Young Researchers Focus on the Extreme Energy Universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinfold, James L.

    2011-06-01

    A new dimension to cosmic-ray research opened in 1998 in Alberta when the first node of a new kind of sparse very-large-area network of cosmic-ray detectors began to take data. The innovative aspect of the Alberta Large-area Time-coincidence Array (ALTA) is that it is deployed in high schools, involving school children in the excitement of fundamental research. Independently, in 2000 the Cosmic Ray Observatory Project (CROP), centred at the University of Nebraska, set up five schools with cosmic ray detectors. Around the same time the Washington Large-area Time-coincidence Array (WALTA) installed its first detectors. I shall describe the development of "educational cosmic ray arrays" from 1998 and briefly discuss the physics issues that such arrays could address. Also, I will introduce the idea of using experimental cosmic ray physics as a means to involve developing countries in the global scientific culture. In conclusion I will attempt to elucidate future directions.

  7. Researchers Focus on Fire Clouds That Reach to the Stratosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2010-08-01

    Volcanic eruptions are not the only violent events that can inject smoke-colored and cauliflower-textured clouds into the stratosphere. Pyrocumulonimbus (pyroCB) storms can, too. These recently discovered phenomena are storms caused or aided by fire; they have many characteristics similar to thunderstorms, including lightning, hail, and extreme vertical height through the troposphere and into the lower stratosphere. Common wisdom had held that “the only event that can explosively pollute the stratosphere is a volcanic eruption,” Michael Fromm, a meteorologist with the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D. C., said at a 9 August press briefing at the 2010 Meeting of the Americas in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil. “Now we know that pyroCBs can do a version of this, thanks to the heat from fire.”

  8. Global Change Research: A Focus on Mountain Ecosystems

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    At this website, visitors can learn about the nine year research project that the U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and the University of Montana are conducting at Glacier National Park to determine how the mountain wilderness has responded to climatic variability and other external stressors. Visitors can learn how, based on their climate variability models, future climate scenarios will affect various watersheds in the area. Users can learn about the Brewer spectrophotometer, which collects UV-B radiation data to determine the possible patterns associated with the thinning of the ozone layers. The Web site also discusses how glaciers have already changed due to current warming conditions and how this affects the system as a whole. By visiting Grinnell Glacier Photo Gallery, everyone can observe how the glaciers have receded in the last one hundred years.

  9. The Effect of Focused Written Corrective Feedback and Language Aptitude on ESL Learners' Acquisition of Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheen, Younghee

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the differential effect of two types of written corrective feedback (CF) and the extent to which language analytic ability mediates the effects of CF on the acquisition of articles by adult intermediate ESL learners of various L1 backgrounds (N = 91). Three groups were formed: a "direct-only correction" group, a "direct…

  10. nature photonics | VOL 3 | DECEMBER 2009 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics 687 focus | review articles

    E-print Network

    Vuckovic, Jelena

    distribution (QKD) systems are available, offering enhanced security by communicating information encoded distribution systems. This technology achieves enhanced security by encoding information in photons articles published online: 30 deceMber 2009|doi: 10.1038/nphoton.2009.229 T he theory of quantum mechanics

  11. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 7, Issue A

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Focus on Basics is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. Focus on Basics is dedicated to connecting…

  12. Investigating the root causes of duplicate publication in research articles.

    PubMed

    Adibi, Payman; Kianpour, Maryam; Shirani, Shahin

    2015-01-01

    Duplicate publication is the republication of an article in which a lot of important parts overlap with the published copy. This issue is nearly at the top of the list of subjects, which medical journal editors discuss. this study was conducted with the purpose of investigating the publication patterns and determining it's root causes in research articles in the Isfahan University of Medical Science and to find a solution to prevent it. In a cross sectional study, All the discovered cases of duplicate publication, which were referred to the ethics committee of the Isfahan University of Medical Science during 2005-2008 were selected to be investigated through a descriptive method. After confirmation about the case of a duplicate publication, the requisite investigation was conducted through interviews and review of the correspondence and documentaries, and then, a radical line was charted. After investigating the cases and classifying the radical causes and incidents, categorization and definition of duplicate publication are presented. Eight out of nine republished articles belonged to the first category of Baily's index (copy publication) and one was in the third category (minimum publishable unit: Salami slicing). The results of the present article indicate that, the scientific community of the country is not yet familiar with the professional principles of scientific and research affairs. According to the results of this investigation, it is recommended to take official action against duplicate publication cases, violation of copyright, and also to have strict instructions against this unethical practice. PMID:25861659

  13. Literature review: Considerations in undertaking focus group research with culturally and linguistically diverse groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth J Halcomb; Leila Gholizadeh; Michelle DiGiacomo; Jane L Phillips; Patricia M Davidson

    2007-01-01

    Aims: This integrated literature review seeks to identify the key considerations in conducting focus groups and discusses the specific considerations for focus group research with culturally and linguistically diverse groups.\\u000aBackground: The focus group method is a technique of group interview that generates data through the opinions expressed by participants. Focus groups have become an increasingly popular method of data

  14. Rhetorical Strategies in Engineering Research Articles and Research Theses: Advanced Academic Literacy and Relations of Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koutsantoni, Dimitra

    2006-01-01

    Research articles and research theses constitute two key genres used by scientific communities for the dissemination and ratification of knowledge. Both genres are produced at advanced stages of individuals' enculturation in disciplinary communities present original research aim to persuade the academic community to accept new knowledge claims,…

  15. PHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section PERS publishes articles describing important results from

    E-print Network

    Heckler, Andrew F.

    PHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section PERS publishes articles describing important results from the field of physics education research. Manuscripts should be submitted of the noncommutativity of the cross product. © 2010 American Association of Physics Teachers. DOI: 10.1119/1.3386587 I

  16. A Pragmatic Approach to the Macro-Structure and Metadiscoursal Features of Research Article Introductions in the Field of Agricultural Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubio, M. Milagros del Saz

    2011-01-01

    Using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) Create-A-Research-Space model (CARS) as an investigative tool and Hyland's (2005) model of metadiscourse, this article reports on a pragmatic two-level rhetorical analysis of the constituent moves and steps of research article introductions and focuses on the identification and mapping of the metadiscoursal…

  17. "The Purpose of This Study Is to": Connecting Lexical Bundles and Moves in Research Article Introductions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cortes, Viviana

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a group of lexical bundles identified in a corpus of research article introductions as the first step in the analysis of these expressions in the different sections of the research article. A one-million word corpus of research article introductions from various disciplines was compiled and the lexical bundles identified in…

  18. Interviewing women bereaved by homicide: assessing the impact of trauma-focused research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Gekoski; Jacqueline M. Gray; Joanna R. Adler

    2011-01-01

    There have been few empirical studies that assess the impact of participation in trauma-focused research. To contribute to growing knowledge in this area, this study assessed the effects of research participation among 14 women who had been bereaved by homicide. An adapted version of the Response to Research Participation Questionnaire (RRPQ) was implemented as part of a wider study exploring

  19. Interviewing women bereaved by homicide: assessing the impact of trauma-focused research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Gekoski; Jacqueline M. Gray; Joanna R. Adler

    2012-01-01

    There have been few empirical studies that assess the impact of participation in trauma-focused research. To contribute to growing knowledge in this area, this study assessed the effects of research participation among 14 women who had been bereaved by homicide. An adapted version of the Response to Research Participation Questionnaire (RRPQ) was implemented as part of a wider study exploring

  20. Study on the Visualization Elements of Web Information Services: Focused on Researcher Network and Graphic Chart

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanmin Jung; Mikyoung Lee; Pyung Kim; DoWan Kim

    2011-01-01

    To provide information efficiently to users with web service, we study information visualization techniques, especially focused on researcher network and graphic chart. In the viewpoint of data set and level of functionality, we analyze the following four academic information services; Authoratory, Researchgate, Biomedexperts, and Academic.research. We analyze researcher network and graphic chart of each service and then propose evaluation criteria

  1. Research Focus and Methodological Choices in Studies into Students' Experiences of Blended Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bliuc, Ana-Maria; Goodyear, Peter; Ellis, Robert A.

    2007-01-01

    The paper reviews representative research into blended learning in universities, taking into account the methodology used, the focus of the research and the relationship between the two. In terms of methodology, most research was classifiable as case-studies, survey-based studies or comparative studies. A small number of studies take a…

  2. A Content and Methodological Analysis of 35 Years of Latino/a-Focused Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Christopher T. H.; Salcedo, Jime; Rivera, Amanda L. Y.; Lopez, Mayra J.

    2009-01-01

    Two separate studies were conducted to examine the contents and methodology of Latino/a-focused articles published during a period of 35 years in seven major journals used by counseling psychologists as well as the "Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences." Together, the two studies suggest that acculturation, academic achievement, assessment, and…

  3. DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2005; 21: 264270.

    E-print Network

    Crawford, John R.

    DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2005; 21: 264 Design and development of a scale measuring fear of complications in type 1 diabetes Emily P. Taylor1 John R. Crawford2 Ann E. Gold3* 1 Department of Diabetes, Grampian University Hospitals Trust, Aberdeen

  4. DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2003; 19: 288298.

    E-print Network

    Sastry, Ann Marie

    DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS RESEARCH ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2003; 19: 288 Nerve collagens from diabetic and nondiabetic Sprague­Dawley and biobreeding rats: an atomic force Accepted: 14 January 2003 Abstract Background Alterations in rat's nerve collagens due to diabetes may

  5. The Storage and Use of Biological Tissue Samples from Minors for Research: A Focus Group Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Hens; H. Nys; J.-J. Cassiman; K. Dierickx

    2011-01-01

    Genetic research on pediatric stored tissue samples raises specific ethical questions that differ from those raised when adults are the donors. To investigate opinions on this matter, we conducted 10 focus group discussions. Five focus groups were conducted with adult participants and 5 had teenage participants between 15 and 19 years old. The discussions were analyzed with NVIVO 8 (qualitative

  6. Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1992-01-01

    This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

  7. Establishing a research agenda for scientific and technical information (STI) - Focus on the user

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.

    1992-01-01

    This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

  8. APS Summer Research Teachers Convene to Focus on Enhancing Effective Classroom Teaching

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    APS Education Office (American Physiological Society Education Office)

    2011-10-01

    This article is on pages 187-188 of the PDF file. As part of the year-long 2011 Frontiers in Physiology Fellowship program, 16 enthusiastic science teachers from across the nation took a weeklong break from their summer research experience in APS membersÂ? research laboratories in July. The research teachers (RTs) convened for the Â?APS Science Teaching Forum,Â? an intensive week-long workshop retreat at the Airlie Center in Warrenton, VA.

  9. Implications for Focusing Research in Career and Technical Education and Workforce Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambeth, Jeanea M.; Joerger, Richard M.; Elliot, Jack

    2009-01-01

    Education and educational research is shaped by philosophy, psychology, practice, and ever changing educational policies. Previous studies have expressed a need for a relevant and focused research agenda for career and technical education (CTE), workforce development education and career and technical education. A need for a relevant and timely…

  10. Ecosystem Services: Priority strategic focus for U.S. EPA?s Ecological Research Program

    EPA Science Inventory

    U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

  11. Ecosystem Services: New strategic focus for US EPA?s Ecological Research Program

    EPA Science Inventory

    U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

  12. The Present and Future of MFT Doctoral Education in Research-Focused Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sprenkle, Douglas H.

    2010-01-01

    Doctoral education is greatly impacted by context, and the large majority of marital and family therapy (MFT) doctoral programs are PhD programs in research-focused universities. I believe their primary mission is to equip students to become scientist-practitioners and do original research that will advance the science of the discipline, whereas…

  13. Self-focusing versus stimulated Brillouin scattering of laser pulses in fused silica This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-print Network

    Skupin, Stefan

    Self-focusing versus stimulated Brillouin scattering of laser pulses in fused silica This article of Physics Self-focusing versus stimulated Brillouin scattering of laser pulses in fused silica S Mauger1 , L lasers, it is necessary to model the interplay between SBS and the self-focusing (SF)

  14. Research Required for the Effective Implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Articles 9 and 10

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    This paper is part of a series of articles intended to set out the research questions that are relevant to the successful implementation of the various provisions of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This paper focuses on issues affecting Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC. This paper focuses on the research that is most important for most countries, rather than on what is desirable in countries with high levels of research capacity. Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC address the regulation of contents and emissions of tobacco products and regulation of tobacco product disclosure. Such regulation will be essential if the long-term objective of reducing the danger of tobacco products is to be achieved. There are many components of tobacco and tobacco smoke that are excessively toxic and dangerous to the user. Many of these components are carcinogenic and addictive and can be removed or reduced substantially with current known technology. The fact that these components remain in tobacco and tobacco smoke at levels that are unnecessarily dangerous is precisely the reason why the successful implementation of Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC is important to tobacco control. This paper discusses the scientific challenges involved in successfully implementing Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC, which focuses on regulating carcinogens and toxins in tobacco and tobacco smoke, the abuse liability of tobacco products, and the additives and engineering features in tobacco products that make tobacco products appealing to future consumers. The research issues we focus on are those required to support the early stages of regulation. As regulation proceeds, new and more sophisticated research questions will undoubtedly emerge. PMID:23024247

  15. Have the Focus and Sophistication of Research in Health Education Changed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, Ray M.; Lindsay, Christopher A.; Shields, Eric C.; Stoddard, Julianne

    2007-01-01

    This study assessed the types of research and the statistical methods used in three representative health education journals from 1994 through 2003. Editorials, commentaries, program/practice notes, and perspectives represent 17.6% of the journals' content. The most common types of articles are cross-sectional studies (27.5%), reviews (23.2%), and…

  16. ENCS 8511 Doctoral Research Proposal (6 credits) The goal of the doctoral research proposal is to focus the student's Ph.D. research. The

    E-print Network

    Hamza, A. Ben

    . · Student delivers copies of the Research Proposal to Graduate Assistant. One copy for each committee memberENCS 8511 Doctoral Research Proposal (6 credits) The goal of the doctoral research proposal is to focus the student's Ph.D. research. The proposal must include an extensive critical review of previous

  17. The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis and public perceptions of biomedical research: a focus group study.

    PubMed Central

    Bates, Benjamin R.; Harris, Tina M.

    2004-01-01

    African Americans are less likely than European Americans to participate in biomedical research. Researchers often attribute nonparticipation to the "Tuskegee effect." Using critical qualitative analysis of focus group data, we examined the public's use of the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis (TSUS) to discuss biomedical research. Our participants articulated three primary themes in relation to TSUS: 1) that TSUS made them suspicious about biomedical research; 2) that other values had to weigh against concerns about TSUS; and 3) that African Americans could take steps to resolve their concerns about TSUS. African Americans were more likely to discuss TSUS than were European Americans. African Americans did not use TSUS to express simple fear. African Americans suggested issues other than TSUS that influence the decision to participate in research. African Americans indicated specific reforms that would increase participation in research. We discuss how a better understanding of African Americans' use of TSUS can enhance research participation and allay concerns about "another Tuskegee." PMID:15303410

  18. Focusing National Institutes of Health HIV/AIDS research for maximum population impact.

    PubMed

    Walensky, Rochelle P; Auerbach, Judith D

    2015-03-15

    Progress in advancing research on the pathophysiology, prevention, treatment, and impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is threatened by the decaying purchasing power of National Institutes of Health (NIH) dollars. A working group of the NIH Office of AIDS Research Advisory Council was charged by the NIH Director with developing a focused and concise blueprint to guide the use of limited funding over the next few years. Science priorities outlined by the working group and reported here are intended to maximally address individuals, groups, and settings most affected by the epidemic, and to redress shortcomings in realizing population-level HIV prevention, treatment, and eradication goals. Optimizing these priorities requires that traditional silos--defined by topic focus and by scientific discipline--be dissolved and that structural issues affecting the pipeline of new investigators and the ability of the Office of AIDS Research to fulfill its role of steward of the NIH HIV/AIDS research program be directly addressed. PMID:25422391

  19. Conservation Focus: Priorities for Policy-Relevant Conservation Research: a View from SCB Regional Sections

    E-print Network

    Conservation Focus: Priorities for Policy-Relevant Conservation Research: a View from SCB Regional Sections Gaining Traction: Retreading the Wheels of Marine Conservation PHAEDRA DOUKAKIS, E. C. M. PARSONS Conservation Science, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794

  20. 26 Admap February 2004 World Advertising Research Center 2004 focusCRM&loyalty

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    to brand websites consists of medium-to-high-value customers ­ the customers who buy the most from you26 Admap · February 2004 © World Advertising Research Center 2004 focusCRM&loyalty brand sites, praise your brand to their friends, and are often first to try your new products, or at least

  1. America Needs a New National Research and Development Center Focused on Adult Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comings, John

    2007-01-01

    Since 1991, the U.S. has had a national research and development (R&D) center focused on programs that help adults to improve their language, literacy, and numeracy skills; to acquire a General Educational Development (GED) or other high school certification; and to transition into postsecondary education or training. For the first five years,…

  2. Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand Michael D. Ernst, research advisor

    E-print Network

    Liskov, Barbara

    Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand David Saff Michael D. Ernst, research and Subject Descriptors: D.2.5 (Testing and Debug- ging): Testing tools General Terms: Algorithms, Design, Performance, Verification Keywords: test factoring, mock objects, unit testing 1. Problem: slow, unfocused

  3. Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand Michael D. Ernst, research advisor

    E-print Network

    Liskov, Barbara

    Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand David Saff Michael D. Ernst, research and Subject Descriptors: D.2.5 (Testing and Debug­ ging): Testing tools General Terms: Algorithms, Design, Performance, Verification Keywords: test factoring, mock objects, unit testing 1. Problem: slow, unfocused

  4. Ten Reasons to Still Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing. Research Brief, Publication #2009-10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holcombe, Emily; Peterson, Kristen; Manlove, Jennifer; Scarupa, Harriet J., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    In 2002, Child Trends drew on statistics and research findings to produce a report called "Ten Reasons to Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing." That report took note of the steady decline in the nation's teenage pregnancy and childbearing rates, beginning in 1991, while citing multiple reasons to continue to be concerned about teen childbearing.…

  5. FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich

    E-print Network

    Gilli, Adrian

    FOCUS TERRAThe Earth Science Research and Information Centre of ETH Zurich Discover the Wonders. Housed within the Department of Earth Sciences the exhibition builds a bridge between scientists scientists and students. The striking architecture of the Earth Sciences' building and the exhibition tower

  6. Doctor of Nursing Practice Ph.D. in Nursing Focus Nursing Practice Nursing Research

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Pei

    , and Advanced Specialty Practice Trajectories of Chronic Illness and Care Systems Core Courses Evidence Based with the tools and skills necessary to translate evidence gained through nursing research into practice, improve Focus Translation of evidence to practice, Transformation of health care, Health care leadership

  7. Abstract--Over the last decades, research on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) has focused on

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract-- Over the last decades, research on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) has focused intelligence to MEMS systems to obtain distributed intelligent MEMS. One intrinsic characteristic of MEMS of MEMS can be placed in a small volume. Managing this scalability requires paradigm-shifts both

  8. Symbolic Interaction and Applied Social Research: A FOCUS ON TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE RESEARCH(1.)

    PubMed

    Kotarba, Joseph A

    2014-08-01

    In symbolic interaction, a traditional yet unfortunate and unnecessary distinction has been made between basic and applied research. The argument has been made that basic research is intended to generate new knowledge, whereas applied research is intended to apply knowledge to the solution of practical (social and organizational) problems. I will argue that the distinction between basic and applied research in symbolic interaction is outdated and dysfunctional. The masters of symbolic interactionist thought have left us a proud legacy of shaping their scholarly thinking and inquiry in response to and in light of practical issues of the day (e.g., Znaniecki, and Blumer). Current interactionist work continues this tradition in topical areas such as social justice studies. Applied research, especially in term of evaluation and needs assessment studies, can be designed to serve both basic and applied goals. Symbolic interaction provides three great resources to do this. The first is its orientation to dynamic sensitizing concepts that direct research and ask questions instead of supplying a priori and often impractical answers. The second is its orientation to qualitative methods, and appreciation for the logic of grounded theory. The third is interactionism's overall holistic approach to interfacing with the everyday life world. The primary illustrative case here is the qualitative component of the evaluation of an NIH-funded, translational medical research program. The qualitative component has provided interactionist-inspired insights into translational research, such as examining cultural change in medical research in terms of changes in the form and content of formal and informal discourse among scientists; delineating the impact of significant symbols such as "my lab" on the social organization of science; and appreciating the essence of the self-concept "scientist" on the increasingly bureaucratic and administrative identities of medical researchers. This component has also contributed to the basic social scientific literature on complex organizations and the self. PMID:25221375

  9. Learning to Appraise the Quality of Qualitative Research Articles: A Contextualized Learning Object for Constructing Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chenail, Ronald J.

    2011-01-01

    Helping beginning qualitative researchers critically appraise qualitative research articles is a common learning objective for introductory methodology courses. To aid students in achieving competency in appraising the quality of qualitative research articles, a multi-part activity incorporating the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme's (CASP)…

  10. Patient Informed Governance of Distributed Research Networks: Results and Discussion from Six Patient Focus Groups

    PubMed Central

    Mamo, Laura A.; Browe, Dennis K.; Logan, Holly C.; Kim, Katherine K.

    2013-01-01

    Understanding how to govern emerging distributed research networks is essential to their success. Distributed research networks aggregate patient medical data from many institutions leaving data within the local provider security system. While much is known about patients’ views on secondary medical research, little is known about their views on governance of research networks. We conducted six focus groups with patients from three medical centers across the U.S. to understand their perspectives on privacy, consent, and ethical concerns of sharing their data as part of research networks. Participants positively endorsed sharing their health data with these networks believing that doing so could advance healthcare knowledge. However, patients expressed several concerns regarding security and broader ethical issues such as commercialism, public benefit, and social responsibility. We suggest that network governance guidelines move beyond strict technical requirements and address wider socio-ethical concerns by fully including patients in governance processes. PMID:24551383

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Screening of Lactobacillus spp. for the prevention

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Screening of Lactobacillus spp. for the prevention of Pseudomonas, Lactobacillus, Probiotics, Organic acids, Biofilm formation, Elastolytic activity Background Pseudomonas

  12. SENSORIUM Executive Summary SENSORIUM is a new multidisciplinary research center focused on research and

    E-print Network

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    type of chemical sensor, as the increasing number of diagnosed diabetics continues to boost demand on research and development of next generation chemical sensors. It is housed in the University Memphis is to demonstrate the unique properties of nanocapsule- enabled optical-based chemical sensors and to demonstrate

  13. Research Focus: Reflections on Science Education Research Presentations at ASE 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGregor, Deb; Oversby, John; Woodhouse, Fiona

    2012-01-01

    The original call for research papers went out in the summer of 2011 and, by September, there were over thirty abstracts returned for review, from many countries including Hong Kong, Nigeria, Poland, Jamaica, Malta, the United States, Japan, Ireland and, of course, Britain. Of the proposals reviewed and accepted, 21 were finally presented at…

  14. Dense plasma focus research at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka (Japan)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yokoyama, M.; Yamamoto, Y.; Kisoda, A.; Yamada, Y.; Kitagawa, Y.; Yamanaka, M.; Yamanaka, C.

    1983-09-01

    Research using a 50 kV/50 kJ deuterium plasma focus with 1.25 MA maximum current is summarized. Plasma dynamics in implosion phase of dense plasma focus were investigated by 2nsec ruby laser holographic interferometry and shadowgraphy. Radial pinch velocity of the plasma column and ionizing front velocity are 20 million cm/sec. Rayleigh-Taylor instability is observed in the early stage of the implosion phase. Effects of CO2 laser light on a dense plasma focus are discussed. High energy deuteron intensity, energy spectrum, and angular distribution were measured from radioactivity induced in graphite, aliminum and copper in ion dominant low pressure mode and neutron dominant high pressure mode.

  15. ARTICLES: Diffraction and self-focusing during amplification of high-power light pulses. I. Development of diffraction and self-focusing in an amplifier

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. B. Baranova; N. E. Bykovskii; Boris Ya Zel'dovich; Yu V. Senatskii

    1975-01-01

    It is shown that the diffraction and self-focusing of laser radiation plays the dominant role in several types of characteristic damage observed in cylindrical active elements during the amplification of high-power light pulses. An analytic treatment is given of the Fresnel diffraction of a laser beam passing through apertures of different shape that are encountered in practice. An analysis is

  16. Disease Focus Editor's Note: Disease Focus articles provide brief overviews of a neural disease or syndrome, emphasizing potential links to basic

    E-print Network

    Tabin, Cliff

    .Theyarepresentedinthehopeofhelpingresearchersidentifyclinicalimplicationsoftheirresearch.Formore information, see http://www.jneurosci.org/misc/ifa_minireviews.dtl. Emerging Gene Therapies for Retinal.sph.uth.tmc.edu/Retnet). This review is focused on emerging strategies that employ gene therapy to combat vi- sion loss, primarily due of thepossibilitiesistouseoptogenetics,rather than gene replacement or knock-down, for restoration of vision (Busskamp and Roska, 2011

  17. Interest of individuals from BRCA families to participate in research studies focused on male BRCA carriers.

    PubMed

    Pal, Tuya; Vadaparampil, Susan; Kim, Jongphil; Xu, Yan; Friedman, Sue; Narod, Steven A; Metcalfe, Kelly

    2013-12-01

    Although men and women are equally likely to carry a mutation in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) genes, the clinical significance of mutations in men remains incompletely defined. We sought evaluate interest of individuals from BRCA families to participate in a research study focused on men from BRCA families. Through an anonymous survey posted on the website of the BRCA patient advocacy organization, facing our risk of cancer empowered (FORCE), data was collected over a 21 month period (August 2010-June 2012) from members of BRCA families. The survey was completed by 405 individuals with known BRCA mutations, including 150 males and 232 females. The median age of survey respondents was 49 years (50 years for males and 48 years for females). Overall, 84% of survey respondents indicated prior BRCA mutation testing (95.2% females, 67.3% males). For the overall group of survey respondents, 84% (86% females, 84% males) indicated they would tell their male relatives about a research study focused on high risk men from BRCA families, and 53% (39% females, 74% males) thought that their male relatives would be interested in participating in such a study. Despite limited studies focused on men from BRCA mutation positive families, our survey suggests that both male and female family members are highly interested in focused on male BRCA mutation carriers. The importance of further studying this topic is underscored by emerging literature that suggest cancer surveillance and treatment decisions may improve outcomes in men with BRCA mutations. PMID:23504063

  18. Land Use and Climate Impacts on Fluvial Systems (LUCIFS): A PAGES - Focus 4 (PHAROS) research activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Dearing; Thomas Hoffmann

    2010-01-01

    LUCIFS is a global research program which is concerned with understanding past interactions between climate, human activity and fluvial systems. Its focus is on evaluating the geomorphic impact of humans on landscapes, with a strong emphasis on geomorphological and sedimentological perspectives on mid- to long-term man-landscape interactions. Of particular relevance are aspects of sediment redistribution systems such as non-linear behaviour,

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic analysis of the endemic island loggerhead shrike, Lanius

    E-print Network

    Ashley, Mary V.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic analysis of the endemic island loggerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus research, the island logger- head shrike, Lanius ludovicianus anthonyi has been con- sidered a distinct ludovicianus Á Loggerhead shrikes Á Microsatellites Introduction The loggerhead shrike, Lanius ludovicianus

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Lower ribavirin biodisponibility in patients with

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in comparison with HCV monoinfected patients Giorgiana Hatu1,2 , François Bailly1,3,4 , Emmanuel Pourcelot5 Full list of author information is available at the end of the article © 2014 Hatu et al.; licensee Bio

  1. What should autism research focus upon? Community views and priorities from the United Kingdom

    PubMed Central

    Dinsmore, Adam; Charman, Tony

    2014-01-01

    The rise in the measured prevalence of autism has been accompanied by much new research and research investment internationally. This study sought to establish whether the pattern of current UK autism research funding maps on to the concerns of the autism community. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with autistic adults, family members, practitioners and researchers to identify their priorities for research. We also captured the views of a large number of stakeholders via an online survey. There was a clear disparity between the United Kingdom’s pattern of funding for autism research and the priorities articulated by the majority of participants. There was general consensus that future priorities for autism research should lie in those areas that make a difference to people’s day-to-day lives. There needs to be greater involvement of the autism community both in priority setting and in research more broadly to ensure that resources reach where they are most needed and can make the most impact. PMID:24789871

  2. Research participants' opinions on genetic research and reasons for participation: a Jackson Heart Study focus group analysis.

    PubMed

    Walker, Evelyn R; Nelson, Cheryl R; Antoine-LaVigne, Donna; Thigpen, Darcel T; Puggal, Mona A; Sarpong, Daniel E; Smith, Alice M

    2014-01-01

    The Jackson Heart Study (JHS) convened focus groups to engage the community in dialogue on participation in the National, Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's Candidate Gene Resource (CARe) project. CARe, a genome wide association and candidate gene study, required the release of participant phenotypic and genotypic data with storage at NIH for widespread distribution to qualified researchers. The authors wanted to assess the willingness of an African American community to participate in the genetics research, given the past history of bioethical misconduct in ethnic minority communities. The discussion produced the following specific issues of interest: reasons for participants' interest in genetics research; participants' knowledge about the JHS; and participants' knowledge about genetics research and its advantages and disadvantages. Training on genetic issues was also developed for the JHS community and staff. PMID:25065069

  3. Expressing Certainty in Discussion Sections of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobakhti, Leila

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates how boosters are used by qualitative and quantitative research article writers to express certainty. Boosters are words such as "definitely," "sure," "demonstrate" which signal writers' assurance in what they say. Drawing on a corpus of 200 research articles in Applied Linguistics, this…

  4. A Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles That Address Research on Marijuana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.

    Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on marijuana research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. The collection features articles originally published from 1995 through 2002. Topics include long-term cognitive impairments in heavy marijuana users, evidence that…

  5. Distributed and grid computing projects with research focus in human health.

    PubMed

    Diomidous, Marianna; Zikos, Dimitrios

    2012-01-01

    Distributed systems and grid computing systems are used to connect several computers to obtain a higher level of performance, in order to solve a problem. During the last decade, projects use the World Wide Web to aggregate individuals' CPU power for research purposes. This paper presents the existing active large scale distributed and grid computing projects with research focus in human health. There have been found and presented 11 active projects with more than 2000 Processing Units (PUs) each. The research focus for most of them is molecular biology and, specifically on understanding or predicting protein structure through simulation, comparing proteins, genomic analysis for disease provoking genes and drug design. Though not in all cases explicitly stated, common target diseases include research to find cure against HIV, dengue, Duchene dystrophy, Parkinson's disease, various types of cancer and influenza. Other diseases include malaria, anthrax, Alzheimer's disease. The need for national initiatives and European Collaboration for larger scale projects is stressed, to raise the awareness of citizens to participate in order to create a culture of internet volunteering altruism. PMID:22491123

  6. The use of CPR data in fisheries research [review article

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corten, A.; Lindley, J. A.

    2003-08-01

    The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey was initiated partly to contribute to our understanding of the variability of fish stocks and as a potential method for predicting fish distributions from the abundance and composition of the plankton. The latter objective has been superseded by technological developments in fish detection, but the former has been the subject of continuing, and in recent years expanding use of the CPR data. Examples are presented of application of the data to studies on North Sea herring, cod, mackerel, blue whiting and redfish as well as more general plankton studies relevant to fisheries research. Variations in the migration patterns of herring as well as recruitment have been related to abundances and species composition of the plankton in the CPR survey. Extensive use has been made of the CPR data in relation to cod, particularly in the development and testing of the ‘match-mismatch’ hypothesis. Advection of sufficient numbers of Calanus from the core oceanic areas of its distribution into the areas where the cod stocks occur may partly determine the success of those stocks. The analysis of the distribution and abundances of mackerel larvae in the CPR survey have shown contrasting variations between the North Sea and Celtic Sea. The expansion of the horse mackerel fishery in the north-eastern North Sea since 1987 has been related to physical events and a ‘regime shift’ in the plankton, described from CPR data. The oceanic spawning areas of the blue whiting and redfish were highlighted by the expansion of the CPR survey into the north-eastern and north-western Atlantic respectively. These results helped to focus the attention of fisheries scientists on stocks that have subsequently become the targets for commercial exploitation. The results of the CPR survey, particularly those on Calanusfinmarchicus, the phytoplankton standing stock as measured by the CPR colour index, the overall patterns of trends in plankton abundance and distributions of indicator species have been used by fisheries scientists to interpret variations in fish stocks. Generally the CPR data can be used to determine whether changes in the distributions and growth rates of fish have resulted from changes in planktonic food, changes in strength of ocean currents and distribution of water masses and to identify trends in larval abundances. With the tightening regulation of fisheries to reduce overfishing, global climate change and changing anthropogenic inputs into the sea, the unique source of information on unexploited populations in the long-term time series of the CPR survey will be of increasing value to fisheries scientists in the study of natural variability.

  7. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Canadian Research Knowledge Network

    E-print Network

    Gooch, Amy

    ://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t755420531 Visualizing pentimenti: revealing the hidden history of paintings A. A. Gooch a ; J. Tumblin b Engineering and Computer Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA Online Publication Date: 01 June the hidden history of paintings',Journal of Mathematics and the Arts,1:2,133 -- 142 To link to this Article

  8. Hungarian space research 1981-1985: Lectures and review articles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benko, G. (editor)

    1986-01-01

    This monograph presents an overview of Hungarian space research from 1981 to 1985. Topics discussed in the original report include the development of space research centers, the flight of the first Hungarian astronaut, Hungarian participation in international space programs such as the Vega/Halley's Comet mission and the BEALUCA materials science experiment, advances in astronomical research, and activities of the Cosmic Geodetic Observatory. Other topics discussed incude space biomedical studies, meteorological applications of space research, satellite communications, and satellite power supply systems.

  9. Research Article Live-cell imaging demonstrates extracellular matrix degradation

    E-print Network

    Bogyo, Matthew

    Localization of proteases to the surface of endothelial cells and remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM- existing vasculature, is a process in which stimulated endothelial cells remodel extracellular matrix (ECMResearch Article Live-cell imaging demonstrates extracellular matrix degradation in association

  10. Research Article Constraint Violations in Stochastically Generated Data

    E-print Network

    Munakata, Toshinori

    Strategies Adam Fadlalla1 and Toshinori Munakata2 1 Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Qatar University, Cleveland, OH 44114, USA Correspondence should be addressed to Toshinori Munakata; t.munakata.-P. Huang Copyright © 2014 A. Fadlalla and T. Munakata. This is an open access article distributed under

  11. American Journal of Primatology 75:238251 (2013) RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Blomquist, Greg

    2013-01-01

    be strongly affected by interactions with mothers or other caretakers. I used generalized linear mixed model extensions of complex pedigree quantitative genetic techniques to explore regression coefficients [Charmantier & Garant, 2005; Dufour & Sauther, 2002]. In this article, I offer a brief review

  12. www.irp.wisc.edu No. 152012 Fast Focus is an occasional, electronic-only supplement to Focus on recent poverty research.

    E-print Network

    Liblit, Ben

    to as the Affordable Care Act (ACA), reforms the U.S. system of health insurance and, specifically, how it affects low-income the health care use, financial strain, and health of low-income adults using a randomized controlled design to Focus on recent poverty research. The Affordable Care Act: What does it do for low-income families

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Travelling in time with networks: Revealing

    E-print Network

    Teixeira, Sara

    ) and the Shared Allele (SAD; based on alleles identity) distances. A diagnostic level of genotype divergence of the various stages of this process. The relative influence of the different mechanisms involved and understanding the maintenance of divergence have focused on the balance between disper- sal and hybrid

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Cytotoxicity screening of Bangladeshi medicinal

    E-print Network

    Cunningham, Brian

    on pancreatic cancer cells Sherine George1 , Siddharth V Bhalerao2 , Erich A Lidstone1 , Irfan S Ahmad3 for developing cancer therapeutics. Our study focuses upon pancreatic cancer, due to its high mortality rate tested on two additional pancreatic cancer cell lines (Mia-Paca2 and Capan-1) and a fibroblast cell line

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differences in cortical response to acupressure

    E-print Network

    Napadow, Vitaly

    and Rupali P Dhond1* Abstract Background: FMRI studies focus on sub-cortical effects of acupuncture stimuli of different types of acupuncture stimulation. We used whole head magnetoencephalography (MEG) to map S1 brain, further investigation in neuropathic populations is needed. Background Acupuncture is a component

  16. A Contrastive Study of Determiner Usage in EST Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Master, Peter

    1993-01-01

    The determiners in English include three categories: predeterminers, central determiners, and postdeterminers. The focus of the present study is the central determiners because they comprise the largest group and because a minimum of one central determiner is required in the generation of any noun phrase. Furthermore, the central determiners have…

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Oxygen limitation and tissue metabolic potential

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Lauren J.

    DO 1.35 mgO2 L-1 ) and Inlet Stream West (annual average DO 5.58 mgO2 L-1 ) in Kibale National Park factors, including tempera- ture, depth, salinity, and eutrophication, organisms living in aquatic is available at the end of the article Martínez et al. BMC Ecology 2011, 11:2 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472

  18. CAREER DEVELOPMENT : ARTICLES Research Integrity: Making the Right Choices

    E-print Network

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    Foundation (ESF), the European Commission and Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology, and Higher (EMBO), and the UK Research Integrity Office and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) join forces: Researchers are human, and there is more scientific misbehavior in scientific labs than makes headlines

  19. Methodological Orientation of Research Articles Appearing in Higher Education Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritter, Sherri E.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the methodologies authors in higher education journals used to obtain knowledge in their fields. This study looked at five peer reviewed journals of higher education and analyzed the methods of research employed by the authors to help them answer their respective research questions. The methods of…

  20. APS Undergraduate Summer Research Fellowship Program: Exposing Undergraduates to Physiology Research Leads to a Research-focused Career

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nansie McHugh (Huntingdon Life Sciences)

    2009-09-29

    This is a poster from the 2009 Experimental Biology meeting held in New Orleans, LA from April 18-22. The APS Undergraduate Summer Research Fellowship (UGSRF) program seeks to excite and encourage undergraduate (UG) students worldwide to pursue a career as a basic research scientist. The program has five objectives: develop a research project, collect/analyze data, write up results; give a presentation on results at a scientific meeting; attend a national meeting; commit to a research career; and enroll in a graduate/professional program in basic biomedical research. since the UGSRF program began in 2000, 109 undergraduates have participated. Most students (92%) attended EB and made 99 presentations, with some students having more than one abstract or presentation. Over 35% of the students published a paper on their APS-funded research. From surveys 2 years post-fellowship, 85% of the UGSRFs had graduated. Of these, 46% applied to graduate school (PhD or Master's) and 74% were accepted. At the time of the survey, most (78%) were already enrolled in a graduate or professional degree program. In 2007 and 2008, the program added an online interactive component where UGSRFs discussed professional networking, structure of research studies, and career options in biomedicine. Results indicate the online interaction provided a powerful medium for UG students to explore critical professional development topics.

  1. The social process of escalation: a promising focus for crisis management research

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background This study identifies a promising, new focus for the crisis management research in the health care domain. After reviewing the literature on health care crisis management, there seems to be a knowledge-gap regarding organisational change and adaption, especially when health care situations goes from normal, to non-normal, to pathological and further into a state of emergency or crisis. Discussion Based on studies of escalating situations in obstetric care it is suggested that two theoretical perspectives (contingency theory and the idea of failure as a result of incomplete interaction) tend to simplify the issue of escalation rather than attend to its complexities (including the various power relations among the stakeholders involved). However studying the process of escalation as inherently complex and social allows us to see the definition of a situation as normal or non-normal as an exercise of power in itself, rather than representing a putatively correct response to a particular emergency. Implications The concept of escalation, when treated this way, can help us further the analysis of clinical and institutional acts and competence. It can also turn our attention to some important elements in a class of social phenomenon, crises and emergencies, that so far have not received the attention they deserve. Focusing on organisational choreography, that interplay of potential factors such as power, professional identity, organisational accountability, and experience, is not only a promising focus for future naturalistic research but also for developing more pragmatic strategies that can enhance organisational coordination and response in complex events. PMID:22704075

  2. Business Education Index 1994. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals and Yearbooks Published during the Year 1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    This index lists business education articles and research studies compiled from a selected list of 48 periodicals and yearbooks that were published during 1994 and that were selected because of their focus on business education or business education-related topics such as information systems (including business communications), business teacher…

  3. ARTicle

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    ARTicle is yet another entry in the arena of museum blogs, this time from the Art Institute of Chicago (AIC). ARTicle is intended to cover all sorts of subjects related to the AIC, and its six staff writers ask readers to, "Think of it as a little peek behind the scenes." The blog dates back to October of 2009, and visitors will find recent entries that include a staff picks entry, an entry on saints and symbols, and a short video featuring Robby S., a media assistant in Communications. In the video, Robby discusses Chilean painter Matta's The Earth Is a Man, 1942, which he describes as looking like a bunch of things floating in soup. Another recent post by Sarah M. investigates a piece currently on view in the modern wing, Shade by London-based Dutch designer Simon Heijdens, taking a look at how the work was installed and the possible meaning behind the work. If a "little peek behind the scenes" means the opportunity to hear people talking about art in an accessible and straightforward fashion, then ARTicle certainly achieves its stated goal.

  4. Land Use and Climate Impacts on Fluvial Systems (LUCIFS): A PAGES - Focus 4 (PHAROS) research activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dearing, John; Hoffmann, Thomas

    2010-05-01

    LUCIFS is a global research program which is concerned with understanding past interactions between climate, human activity and fluvial systems. Its focus is on evaluating the geomorphic impact of humans on landscapes, with a strong emphasis on geomorphological and sedimentological perspectives on mid- to long-term man-landscape interactions. Of particular relevance are aspects of sediment redistribution systems such as non-linear behaviour, the role of system configuration, scale effects, and emergent properties Over the last decade the LUCIFS program has been investigating both contemporary and long-term river response to global change with the principal aims of i)quantifying land use and climate change impacts of river-borne fluxes of water, sediment, C, N and P; ii) identification of key controls on these fluxes at the catchment scale; and iii) identification of the feedback on both human society and biogeochemical cycles of long-term changes in the fluxes of these materials The major scientific tasks of the LUCIFS-program are: • synthesising results of regional case studies • identify regional gaps and encouraging new case studies • addressing research gaps and formulating new research questions • organising workshops and conferences In this paper we present the LUCIFS program within the new PAGES structure. LUCIFS is located in the Focus 4 (PHAROS) dealing with how a knowledge of human-climate-ecosystem interactions in the past can help inform understanding and management today. In conjunction with the other working groups HITE (Human Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems), LIMPACS (Human Impacts on Lake Ecosystems) and IHOPE (Integrated History of People on Earth) PHAROS aims to compare regional-scale reconstructions of environmental and climatic processes using natural archives, documentary and instrumental data, with evidence of past human activity obtained from historical, paleoecological and archaeological records.

  5. Building Consensus in Science: Resources for Intertextual Dialog in Biology Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Iliana A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on the way article writers bring prior texts into biology research articles. It studies the functional moves in which citations occur and their formal features, providing a better understanding of the linguistic resources that are used to construct intertextuality in science. The results show the functions of citations were…

  6. The Theoretical Research Article as a Reflection of Disciplinary Practices: The Case of Pure Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuteeva, Maria; McGrath, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have seen an interest in the generic structure of empirical research articles across a variety of disciplines. However, significantly less attention has been given to theoretical articles. This study aims to begin to address this imbalance by presenting the results of an investigation into the organizational and rhetorical structure…

  7. Physical Review Focus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    An online service from the American Physical Society (APS) (mentioned in the September 30, 1994 issue of the Scout Report), Physical Review Focus publishes selective research papers from Physical Review Letters (PRL) to provide "educational value and intrinsic interest to non-specialists" and physicists. Each story is accompanied by a link to the research paper abstract in PRL while subscribers (membership is not free) to PRL online have access to the full-text article. In addition, links to Physical News Update and Physics News Preview from the American Institute of Physics are also provided. Users have access to articles published since March 1998.

  8. Strategies for Sharing Scientific Research on Sea Level Rise: Suggestions from Stakeholder Focus Groups

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DeLorme, D.; Hagen, S. C.; Stephens, S. H.

    2013-12-01

    This presentation reports results of focus groups with coastal resource managers on suggestions for effectively sharing sea level rise (SLR) scientific research with the public and other target audiences. The focus groups were conducted during three annual stakeholder workshops as an important and innovative component of an ongoing five-year multi-disciplinary NOAA-funded project, Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM). The EESLR-NGOM project is assessing SLR risks to the natural and built environment along the Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida Panhandle coasts. The purpose was to engage stakeholders (e.g., coastal resource managers) in helping target, translate, and tailor the EESLR-NGOM project's scientific findings and emerging products so they are readily accessible, understandable, and useful. The focus groups provided insight into stakeholders' SLR informational and operational needs, solicited input on the project's products, and gathered suggestions for public communication and outreach. A total of three ninety-minute focus groups of between eight and thirteen participants each were conducted at annual workshops in Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi. The moderator asked a series of open-ended questions about SLR-related topics using an interview guide and encouraged participant interaction. All focus group audio-recordings were transcribed, and analyzed by carefully reading the 102 total pages of transcript data and identifying patterns and themes. Participants thought outreach about SLR impact and the EESLR-NGOM project scientific research/products was vital and acknowledged various communication challenges and opportunities. They identified three target audiences (local officials, general public, coastal resource managers themselves) that likely require different educational efforts and tools. Participants felt confident the EESLR-NGOM project products will benefit their resource planning and decision making and believed the project will have positive implications for diverse vested entities. Gaining public and local leader support was considered crucial in fostering funding and favorable policies with respect to project goals. However, it was expected that certain target audiences will need to be better educated on ecological aspects of the project and convinced of its significance for this to be achieved. Suggested formats for the EESLR-NGOM research results included maps with precision and flexibility for adjustments over time, across geographic domains, and for different levels of user sophistication, as well as simplified presentations that can be readily shared. There was emphasis on visuals and demonstrations for accessibility and engagement by multiple audiences. While participants thought handouts, brochures, and graphical illustrations would be effective, they also advocated using new digital media. Further, participants advised that time frames and language be adjusted to resonate with target audiences, especially in communicating risk. Branding a unique identity for the EESLR-NGOM project/products was encouraged. Message consistency was considered key for optimal outcomes. The ongoing feedback has resulted in year-by-year refinements of the research process and scientific product development, which has been central to gaining confidence of the target audiences.

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Management of pain induced by exercise and

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Management of pain induced by exercise and mobilization during* Abstract Background: The expectations of patients for managing pain induced by exercise and mobilization pain management induced by exercise and mobilization during physical therapy programs. Methods: We

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Colorectal cancer in patients seen at the teaching

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Colorectal cancer in patients seen at the teaching hospitals: In Guadeloupe and Martinique, two French Overseas Departments, colorectal cancer (CRC) has become an essential the originality of our results. Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Guadeloupian patients, Martinican patients

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Two multi-scale contextual approaches for mapping spatial

    E-print Network

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Two multi-scale contextual approaches for mapping spatial pattern Avi Bar Massada and abundance studies. We tested the performance of these approaches on 18 random landscapes and nine actual

  12. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine x Vol. 81, No. 8 x August 2010 735 RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Pennsylvania, University of

    Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine x Vol. 81, No. 8 x August 2010 735 RESEARCH ARTICLE performance during chronic sleep restriction. Aviat Space Environ Med 2010; 81:735­44. Introduction: Chronic

  13. Research article SAFER under vehicle inspection through video mosaic building

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Koschan; David Page; Jin-Choon Ng; Mongi Abidi; David Gorsich; Grant Gerhart

    2004-01-01

    The current threats to US security, both military and civilian, have led to an increased interest in the development of technologies to safeguard national facilities such as military bases, federal buildings, nuclear power plants, and national laboratories. As a result, the imaging, robotics, and intelligent systems (IRIS) laboratory at the University of Tennessee has established a research consortium, known as

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Accessible habitat: an improved measure of the effects

    E-print Network

    be reached from a focal habitat patch without crossing a road, and make available a GIS tool to calculate. Fahrig Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Research Laboratory (GLEL), Department of Biology, Carleton be accessed from a focal habitat patch without crossing a road is more likely to contribute to a population

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The zebrafish heart regenerates after cryoinjury-

    E-print Network

    amphibians and teleost fish, recon- stitute the myocardium with only moderate scarring in newts, or with little or no scarring in zebrafish [6-8]. In contrast to mammals, adult newt and zebrafish cardio heart injuries in humans. Currently, the research on heart regeneration in newts and zebrafish is based

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE 10.1002/2013MS000265

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Jinlun

    at Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Department of Energy, Washington, D. C., Washington, USA and HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) which differ significantly in their basic formulations and grid. The contributions of ModelE2 to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (Phase 5; CMIP5) database provide

  17. Research Article Tetraethyl Orthosilicate Coated Hydroxyapatite Powders for

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    area worldwide is the poisoning with various heavy metals. Researchers around the world have turned that heavy metals are nonbio- degradable, having the tendency to accumulate in living bod- ies, leading to disorders of different functions and to serious diseases [1, 2]. Lead (Pb) is a very toxic heavy metal

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Coming of Age: Steroid Hormones of Wild Immature

    E-print Network

    Alberts, Susan C

    , Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 4 Institute of Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya nonhuman primates, and even normal hormonal profiles during that life stage are lacking for wild Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). r 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. American

  19. Research Article A Customization of the Arc Marine Data

    E-print Network

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    improvement of scientific methods and information resources among the researchers of the marine community, the marine community must develop standard methods of data management and analysis, which provide rapid Satellite Telemetry Brett K Lord-Castillo Office of Emergency Management St. Louis County Police Bruce R

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Transcriptome sequencing in an ecologically

    E-print Network

    Parchman, Thomas L.

    and complex genomes of pines (Pinus spp.) have hindered the development of genomic resources, despite ecological genomic research. Lodgepole pine (P. contorta) is an ecologically important foundation species America. Here we describe a sequencing study of expressed genes from P. contorta, including their assembly

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access A worldwide correlation of lactase persistence

    E-print Network

    will pass into the colon where it is fermented by various gut bacteria, producing fatty acids and various,2,3 Abstract Background: The ability of adult humans to digest the milk sugar lactose - lactase persistence - is a dominant Mendelian trait that has been a subject of extensive genetic, medical and evolutionary research

  2. Genome Biology 2003, 4:P7 Deposited research article

    E-print Network

    Lee, H.C. Paul

    ' DEPOSITORY TO WHICH ANY ORIGINAL RESEARCH CAN BE SUBMITTED AND WHICH ALL INDIVIDUALS CAN ACCESS FREE the distributions of occurrence frequencies of oligonucleotides two to ten bases long (2 to 10-mers) in microbial times wider for 2-mers. We show that the observed genomic properties are characteristic of sequences

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Hitoshi Mochizuki Yoshikazu Ugawa Yasuo Terao

    E-print Network

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    area of the left primary motor cortex at an intensity of 100, 120, or 140% of the active motor by a higher intensity TMS. Keywords Transcranial magnetic stimulation Æ Near-infrared spectroscopy Æ Motor magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the motor cortex have been studied by several researchers using positron

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLES From Endonucleases to Transcription Factors: Evolution of the

    E-print Network

    Sjölander, Kimmen

    , Agriculture Research Service, Plant Gene Expression Center, Albany, California 94710 c Berkeley Phylogenomics of the AP2/ERF family of plant transcription regulators contain at least one copy of a DNA binding domain/ERF proteins. The newly discovered nonplant proteins bearing an AP2 domain are predicted to be HNH

  5. Research article Novel X-ray imaging and segmentation

    E-print Network

    Koschan, Andreas

    " of the plant, researchers have developed novel methods to peer beneath the opaque soil. One such method. The key to this system is the soil substrate. Conventional soil is not suitable for X-ray imaging since later in the growth cycle when water accumulates in the substrate, background clutter obscures the roots

  6. Articles An Introduction to Mass Spectrometry Applications in Biological Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin J. Finehout; Kelvin H. Lee

    Mass spectrometry involves the measurement of the mass-to-charge ratio of ions. It has become an essential analytical tool in biological research and can be used to characterize a wide variety of biomol- ecules such as sugars, proteins, and oligonucleotides. In this review, a brief history of mass spectrometry is discussed, and the basic principles of the technology are introduced. A

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE Dynamic causal modelling for EEG and MEG

    E-print Network

    Moran, Rosalyn

    in the sensors, using the lead-field. The parameters of this spa- tiotemporal model are estimated using a single be simply breath-taking. However, most researchers typically avoid switching among methods, because al. 2002). These analyses can pro- ceed in sensor or brain-space based on source reconstruction using

  8. Preliminary demonstrations of a focusing schlieren system for flow field diagnostics - Research in progress

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Doggett, G. P.; Chokani, Ndaona

    1991-01-01

    A preliminary study to demonstrate the potential of the focusing schlieren technique to provide quantitative measurements of a three-dimensional flow field is described. The light intensity distribution in a focusing schlieren plane of view is shown to be related to the density gradients both in the focus plane and in the out of focus planes. The potential to implement digital filtering techniques to compensate for the out of focus features and to enhance the in focus features is discussed.

  9. Establishing a Family Literacy Program with a Focus on Interactive Reading: The Role of Research and Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBruin-Parecki, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    Family literacy programs abound today, and many try to be all things to all participating families. Funding has eroded for programs of long length and shorter length programs need a specific focus to aim for a modicum of success. This article provides an overview of the importance of interactive reading for children's future success in school,…

  10. Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, Harry D.

    2000-05-15

    In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA)to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

  11. Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Harmon, Harry D.

    2000-11-30

    In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

  12. Caregiving in pediatric epilepsy: results of focus groups and implications for research and practice.

    PubMed

    Smith, Gigi; Wagner, Janelle; Andrews, Jeanette; Austin, Joan; Mueller, Martina; Carter, Emma; Griesemer, Kimberly

    2014-05-01

    The process of caring for youth with epilepsy (YWEs) has been understudied. Previous research has identified that caregivers of YWEs report increased parenting stress, unanticipated caregiving responsibilities, and negative effects on family life. Using the adapted Caregiving Process Model, perceptions of the caregiving process were explored in four focus groups of caregivers of youth with epilepsy diagnosed at <1 year, between 1 and 5 years, and >5 years. Thematic analysis guided the data analysis. The prevalent theme that emerged during the data analysis was navigating the noncontingencies (lack of a perceived relationship between action and outcome, unpredictability). This was supported by the subthemes, namely, blessings and sacrifices, uncertainty today and tomorrow, constant vigilance, and caregiving is more than parenting. The focus groups displayed similarities and differences in caregiving perceptions across the three postdiagnosis time periods, providing support for conceptualization of the caregiving as multifactorial, multidirectional, and fluid process. With this knowledge, epilepsy health-care professionals are encouraged to promote patient and family centeredness, provide information on how to access community resources, and work with caregivers to enhance epilepsy self-management skills. PMID:24681383

  13. Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

    2012-01-01

    Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

  14. Methodological Reporting in Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Health Services Research Articles

    PubMed Central

    Wisdom, Jennifer P; Cavaleri, Mary A; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J; Green, Carla A

    2012-01-01

    Objectives Methodologically sound mixed methods research can improve our understanding of health services by providing a more comprehensive picture of health services than either method can alone. This study describes the frequency of mixed methods in published health services research and compares the presence of methodological components indicative of rigorous approaches across mixed methods, qualitative, and quantitative articles. Data Sources All empirical articles (n = 1,651) published between 2003 and 2007 from four top-ranked health services journals. Study Design All mixed methods articles (n = 47) and random samples of qualitative and quantitative articles were evaluated to identify reporting of key components indicating rigor for each method, based on accepted standards for evaluating the quality of research reports (e.g., use of p-values in quantitative reports, description of context in qualitative reports, and integration in mixed method reports). We used chi-square tests to evaluate differences between article types for each component. Principal Findings Mixed methods articles comprised 2.85 percent (n = 47) of empirical articles, quantitative articles 90.98 percent (n = 1,502), and qualitative articles 6.18 percent (n = 102). There was a statistically significant difference (?2(1) = 12.20, p = .0005, Cramer's V = 0.09, odds ratio = 1.49 [95% confidence interval = 1,27, 1.74]) in the proportion of quantitative methodological components present in mixed methods compared to quantitative papers (21.94 versus 47.07 percent, respectively) but no statistically significant difference (?2(1) = 0.02, p = .89, Cramer's V = 0.01) in the proportion of qualitative methodological components in mixed methods compared to qualitative papers (21.34 versus 25.47 percent, respectively). Conclusion Few published health services research articles use mixed methods. The frequency of key methodological components is variable. Suggestions are provided to increase the transparency of mixed methods studies and the presence of key methodological components in published reports. PMID:22092040

  15. Abstract--In this article, we focus on the complementary role of watermarking with respect to medical information

    E-print Network

    are expressions of such a constraint. Focusing on medical information records, which for a patient are a complex to medical information security (integrity, authenticity ...) and management. We review sample cases where, as an instrument for protection of medical information, for secure sharing and handling of medical images

  16. THE EMERGING FOCUS ON LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT IN THE U. S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: JOURNAL ARTICLE

    EPA Science Inventory

    NRML-1126A Curran*, M.A. The Emerging Focus on Life-Cycle Assessment in the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3rd Dixy Lee Ray memorial Sym, Washington, DC, 12/29-31/00. Techology: Journal of the Franklin Institute (Moghissi, A.A. (Ed.)) 8:287-290 (2002). EPA/600/J-02/239,...

  17. Opening up learning theory to social theory in research on sport and physical education through a focus on practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Lawrence Light

    2011-01-01

    Background: Research on pedagogy in physical education and sport has increasingly been informed by contemporary learning theory with the socio-cultural perspective being prominent. Over a similar period research on the social dimensions of physical education and youth sport has drawn on a range of social theory yet there has been little systematic integration of them. Purpose: This article identifies the

  18. Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Binyan

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

  19. Field-based, research-focused experiential learning in undergraduate geoscience and physical geography classes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliphant, A. J.; Ackerman, A.; Flynn, M.; Mclain, J.; Moller, C.; Clements, C. B.

    2011-12-01

    Field-based experiential learning in undergraduate courses in geosciences or physical geography is essential for cementing theoretical understanding through observation, illustrating the complexity of natural systems, understanding uncertainty in observational records and providing students with tools to teach themselves beyond the instructor and the classroom. In addition, it helps stimulate interest in pursuing graduate studies and associated research in many important bio-geophysical topics. There is a real challenge to provide this type of learning opportunity to large numbers of students and to students currently under-represented in the geosciences. The learning experience in this case was focused around experimental deployment of a sophisticated atmospheric profiling system over a weekend field trip involving 50 students from three classes in two campuses; San Francisco State University and San Jose State University. Students were involved in experimental design, instrument calibration and field deployment, manual measurements and data analysis phases of field-based experimental research. The results of student work is presented as well as specific student responses to the field experience that highlight the pedagogical values provided as well as challenges to improve the learning opportunity.

  20. This article was downloaded by:[Max Planck Inst & Research Groups Consortium] On: 23 April 2008

    E-print Network

    Kling, Matthias

    This article was downloaded by:[Max Planck Inst & Research Groups Consortium] On: 23 April 2008. Vrakking a a FOM Instituut voor Atoom en Molecuul Fysica (AMOLF), Amsterdam, 1098 SJ, The Netherlands b Max-Planck;DownloadedBy:[MaxPlanckInst&ResearchGroupsConsortium]At:13:4923April2008 Molecular Physics Vol. 106, Nos. 2

  1. PEDIATRIC RESEARCH PUBLISHES IMPORTANT REVIEW ARTICLE ON `PLACEBO EFFECTS IN CHILDREN'

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    PEDIATRIC RESEARCH PUBLISHES IMPORTANT REVIEW ARTICLE ON `PLACEBO EFFECTS IN CHILDREN' The most recent, July, issue of Pediatric Research delves into the issue of placebo effects in children. Placebo effects in children: a review. Pediatr Res 2013;74:96-102. #12;

  2. DOI 10.1007/s00227-008-0930-2 RESEARCH ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Caldwell, Roy

    Mar Biol DOI 10.1007/s00227-008-0930-2 123 RESEARCH ARTICLE Mating behavior of Abdopus aculeatus (d-3140, USA C. L. HuVard (&) Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA, Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia #12;Mar Biol 123 opportunistic, indiscriminate

  3. Review Article: Second Language Acquisition of Bantu Languages--A (Mostly) Untapped Research Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spinner, Patti

    2011-01-01

    This review article presents a summary of research on the second language acquisition of Bantu languages, including Swahili, Zulu, Xhosa and Lingala. Although second language (L2) research on these languages is currently very limited, work in morphosyntax and phonology suggests promising directions for future study, particularly on noun class,…

  4. Document Structure and Digital Libraries: How Researchers Mobilize Information in Journal Articles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Ann Peterson

    1999-01-01

    Explores how academic researchers disaggregate and reaggregate scientific journal articles in both print and digital environments. Analyzes data gathered in the NSF/DARPA/NASA Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI) project at the University of Illinois to describe how components are mobilized in the work of researchers as they identify, retrieve, read…

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Stillbirth classification in population-based data

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Stillbirth classification in population-based data and role of fetal to biomedical research questions [3]. After a substantial decrease of the stillbirth rate, by two-thirds from, such as the design of the system itself or the lack of postmortem investigation. * Correspondence: aego

  6. A Framework for Making Quantitative Educational Research Articles More Reader-Friendly for Practitioners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

    The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how quantitative research articles can be made much more reader-friendly. It illustrates how statistical language and research terminology can be simplified in reports. The paper also demonstrates how quantitative reports could be restructured to make them more reader friendly without sacrificing any…

  7. DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS REVIEW ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2008; 24: 604610.

    E-print Network

    Strathclyde, University of

    DIABETES/METABOLISM RESEARCH AND REVIEWS REVIEW ARTICLE Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2008; 24: 604 Nanomedicine and its potential in diabetes research and practice John C. Pickup1* Zheng-Liang Zhi1 Faaizah Khan­100 nm. Although the science is still in its infancy, it has major potential applications in diabetes

  8. "Ideal-Problem-Solution" (IPS) Model: A Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIS) in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adnan, Zifirdaus

    2011-01-01

    Research article introductions (RAIs) play a significant role in gaining publication, and therefore have been studied by many applied linguists. Research into RAIs published in Indonesia has begun to be developed (Adnan, 2009; Mirahayuni, 2001; Safnil, 2000), and generally conclude that Indonesian Humanities RAIs were structured differently from…

  9. Second Language Research Forum Colloquia 2009: Colloquium--Measuring the Effectiveness of Focus on Form

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, Shawn

    2011-01-01

    Focus on form, i.e. brief attention to language items within a larger meaning-focused context (Long 1991; Ellis 2001), occurs in a variety of L2 instructional contexts. Meta-analyses of the effectiveness of focus on form have found overall positive effects; however, these meta-analyses have commented on the small number of studies available for…

  10. Social Data Analysis in Co-located En-Our research focus is on supporting social data analysis

    E-print Network

    Isenberg, Petra

    Social Data Analysis in Co-located En- vironments Abstract Our research focus is on supporting social data analysis in co-located settings. In this position paper, we outline our interests in the topic and highlight past research on social data analysis. We believe that the design of soft- ware

  11. Fenwick Library Addition As a research hub, Fenwick Library will provide a strong focus on upper-level

    E-print Network

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    · Research Commons: Liaison Librarians, Writing Center, Center for Teaching Excellence & Learning Support and lockable carrels · Faculty Collaborative Center #12;#12;#12;Fenwick Construction #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Fenwick Library Addition As a research hub, Fenwick Library will provide a strong focus on upper

  12. The Alsep Data Recovery Focus Group of NASA's Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagihara, S.; Lewis, L. R.; Nakamura, Y.; Williams, D. R.; Taylor, P. T.; Hills, H. K.; Kiefer, W. S.; Neal, C. R.; Schmidt, G. K.

    2014-12-01

    Astronauts on Apollo 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17 deployed instruments on the Moon for 14 geophysical experiments (passive & active seismic, heat flow, magnetics, etc.) from 1969 to 1972. These instruments were called Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Packages (ALSEPs). ALSEPs kept transmitting data to the Earth until September 1977. When the observation program ended in 1977, a large portion of these data were not delivered to the National Space Science Data Center for permanent archive. In 2010, for the purpose of searching, recovering, preserving, and analyzing the data that were not previously archived, NASA's then Lunar Science Institute formed the ALSEP Data Recovery Focus Group. The group consists of current lunar researchers and those involved in the ALSEP design and data analysis in the 1960s and 1970s. Among the data not previously archived were the 5000+ 7-track open-reel tapes that recorded raw data from all the ALSEP instruments from April 1973 to February 1976 ('ARCSAV tapes'). These tapes went missing in the decades after Apollo. One of the major achievements of the group so far is that we have found 450 ARCSAV tapes from April to June 1975 and that we are extracting data from them. There are 3 other major achievements by the group. First, we have established a web portal at the Lunar and Planetary Institute, where ~700 ALSEP-related documents, totaling ~40,000 pages, have been digitally scanned and cataloged. Researchers can search and download these documents at www.lpi.usra.edu/ lunar/ALSEP/. Second, we have been retrieving notes and reports left behind by the now deceased/retired ALSEP investigators at their home institutions. Third, we have been re-analyzing the ALSEP data using the information from the recently recovered metadata (instrument calibration data, operation logs, etc.). Efforts are ongoing to get these data permanently archived in the Planetary Data System (PDS).

  13. Lunar e-Library: A Research Tool Focused on the Lunar Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McMahan, Tracy A.; Shea, Charlotte A.; Finckenor, Miria; Ferguson, Dale

    2007-01-01

    As NASA plans and implements the Vision for Space Exploration, managers, engineers, and scientists need lunar environment information that is readily available and easily accessed. For this effort, lunar environment data was compiled from a variety of missions from Apollo to more recent remote sensing missions, such as Clementine. This valuable information comes not only in the form of measurements and images but also from the observations of astronauts who have visited the Moon and people who have designed spacecraft for lunar missions. To provide a research tool that makes the voluminous lunar data more accessible, the Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program, managed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, AL, organized the data into a DVD knowledgebase: the Lunar e-Library. This searchable collection of 1100 electronic (.PDF) documents and abstracts makes it easy to find critical technical data and lessons learned from past lunar missions and exploration studies. The SEE Program began distributing the Lunar e-Library DVD in 2006. This paper describes the Lunar e-Library development process (including a description of the databases and resources used to acquire the documents) and the contents of the DVD product, demonstrates its usefulness with focused searches, and provides information on how to obtain this free resource.

  14. Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic. PMID:23335488

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bob Coecke

    Why did it take us 50 years since the birth of the quantum mechanical formalism to discover that unknown quantum states cannot be cloned? Yet, the proof of the 'no-cloning theorem' is easy, and its consequences and potential for applications are immense. Similarly, why did it take us 60 years to discover the conceptually intriguing and easily derivable physical phenomenon

  16. A Focus on Offshore Safety: Recent Reports by The Marine Board of the National Research Council

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    During the last three years, the Marine Board of the National Research Council (NRC) has published four study reports that focused on enhancing safety in offshore oil and gas activities and in the marine and maritime fields. The objective of these studies was to provide recommendations for actions that will reduce or eliminate deaths and injuries, reduce pollution from accidents and operations, and protect resources and structures from loss. Several recurring themes are woven through many of these reports. The themes deal with using technology already available and demonstrated, using risk analyses to establish priorities for use of resources (such as inspection facilities and personnel) despite the lack of data for decision making, using advanced tools for inspection and monitoring, and using long-term monitoring to gauge performance. One report about improving marine pipeline safety describes the safety challenges associated with designing, regulating, and monitoring over 20,000 miles of underwater pipelines in federal and state waters. The report on the restoration and protection of marine habitats comments on the institutional, regulatory, and managerial impediments to the wider application of the best engineering technologies and practices and the ways to deal with these impediments. The report on assessment techniques for removing offshore structures provides guidance on the use of technologies and their associated hazards and the development of strategies to mitigate environmental damage when offshore structures must be removed. One of the most recent reports describes a concept for using present undersea vehicles technology and systems to perform tasks that respond to the need to monitor the condition of offshore pipelines and seabed facilities. Two studies now underway continue several of the themes noted in aforementioned reports: one theme being a review of the uses of risk assessment opportunities in an effort to find useful experience from other industries. Another current study targets the introduction of human performance and organizational system theory and practice from other industries into the maritime and offshore industries.

  17. Adventures in semantic publishing: exemplar semantic enhancements of a research article.

    PubMed

    Shotton, David; Portwin, Katie; Klyne, Graham; Miles, Alistair

    2009-04-01

    Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have made to a recent biomedical research article taken from PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, providing enrichment to its content and increased access to datasets within it. These semantic enhancements include provision of live DOIs and hyperlinks; semantic markup of textual terms, with links to relevant third-party information resources; interactive figures; a re-orderable reference list; a document summary containing a study summary, a tag cloud, and a citation analysis; and two novel types of semantic enrichment: the first, a Supporting Claims Tooltip to permit "Citations in Context", and the second, Tag Trees that bring together semantically related terms. In addition, we have published downloadable spreadsheets containing data from within tables and figures, have enriched these with provenance information, and have demonstrated various types of data fusion (mashups) with results from other research articles and with Google Maps. We have also published machine-readable RDF metadata both about the article and about the references it cites, for which we developed a Citation Typing Ontology, CiTO (http://purl.org/net/cito/). The enhanced article, which is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228.x001, presents a compelling existence proof of the possibilities of semantic publication. We hope the showcase of examples and ideas it contains, described in this paper, will excite the imaginations of researchers and publishers, stimulating them to explore the possibilities of semantic publishing for their own research articles, and thereby break down present barriers to the discovery and re-use of information within traditional modes of scholarly communication. PMID:19381256

  18. Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article

    PubMed Central

    Shotton, David; Portwin, Katie; Klyne, Graham; Miles, Alistair

    2009-01-01

    Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have made to a recent biomedical research article taken from PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, providing enrichment to its content and increased access to datasets within it. These semantic enhancements include provision of live DOIs and hyperlinks; semantic markup of textual terms, with links to relevant third-party information resources; interactive figures; a re-orderable reference list; a document summary containing a study summary, a tag cloud, and a citation analysis; and two novel types of semantic enrichment: the first, a Supporting Claims Tooltip to permit “Citations in Context”, and the second, Tag Trees that bring together semantically related terms. In addition, we have published downloadable spreadsheets containing data from within tables and figures, have enriched these with provenance information, and have demonstrated various types of data fusion (mashups) with results from other research articles and with Google Maps. We have also published machine-readable RDF metadata both about the article and about the references it cites, for which we developed a Citation Typing Ontology, CiTO (http://purl.org/net/cito/). The enhanced article, which is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228.x001, presents a compelling existence proof of the possibilities of semantic publication. We hope the showcase of examples and ideas it contains, described in this paper, will excite the imaginations of researchers and publishers, stimulating them to explore the possibilities of semantic publishing for their own research articles, and thereby break down present barriers to the discovery and re-use of information within traditional modes of scholarly communication. PMID:19381256

  19. Qualitative Research and Consumer Policy: Focus Group Discussions as a Form of Consumer Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiskanen, Eva; Jarvela, Katja; Pulliainen, Annukka; Saastamoinen, Mika; Timonen, Paivi

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes our ongoing attempts to involve consumers in innovation and technology policy by means of a national Consumer Panel, using focus group discussions as the primary method of consumer participation. We evaluate our experiences of the usefulness of focus group discussions in this context by considering two examples of studies…

  20. Adolescent Girls' Assessment and Management of Sexual Risks: Insights from Focus Group Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bay-Cheng, Laina Y.; Livingston, Jennifer A.; Fava, Nicole M.

    2011-01-01

    We conducted focus groups with girls ages 14 to 17 (N = 43) to study how the dominant discourse of sexual risk shapes young women's understanding of the sexual domain and their management of these presumably pervasive threats. Through inductive analysis, we developed a coding scheme focused on three themes: (a) "types of sexual risk," (b) "factors…

  1. |Research Focus The neural basis of the WeberFechner law

    E-print Network

    Nieder, Andreas

    and transformed by the accruing neural data. In a recent article, Andreas Nieder and Earl Miller [2] provide Weber's law. In spite of these brilliant analyses, often based on solid mathematical foundations

  2. Geography should not be destiny: focusing HIV/AIDS implementation research and programs on microepidemics in US neighborhoods.

    PubMed

    Nunn, Amy; Yolken, Annajane; Cutler, Blayne; Trooskin, Stacey; Wilson, Phill; Little, Susan; Mayer, Kenneth

    2014-05-01

    African Americans and Hispanics are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Within the most heavily affected cities, a few neighborhoods account for a large share of new HIV infections. Addressing racial and economic disparities in HIV infection requires an implementation program and research agenda that assess the impact of HIV prevention interventions focused on increasing HIV testing, treatment, and retention in care in the most heavily affected neighborhoods in urban areas of the United States. Neighborhood-based implementation research should evaluate programs that focus on community mobilization, media campaigns, routine testing, linkage to and retention in care, and block-by-block outreach strategies. PMID:24716570

  3. Research article Nest site choice compensates for climate effects on sex

    E-print Network

    Canberra, University of

    Research article Nest site choice compensates for climate effects on sex ratios in a lizard with environmental sex determination J. SEAN DOODY1, *, ENZO GUARINO1 , ARTHUR GEORGES1 , BEN COREY1 , GLEN MURRAY1 selection on two traits, maternal nesting behaviour and pivotal temperatures (those that divide the sexes

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Sex differences in the acquisition of complex skilled movements

    E-print Network

    Pomplun, Marc

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Sex differences in the acquisition of complex skilled movements Nichola Rice Cohen movement sequences and show that this sex difference is accounted for by a female advantage in planning important implications for sex- sensitive instructional strategies, as well as for under- standing the human

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE The effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen reproductive

    E-print Network

    Tarpy, David R.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE The effects of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) queen reproductive potential division of labor is exemplified by honey bees (Apis mellifera L.), in which a single, polyandrous queen of honey bee queens is highly plastic, with queens raised from younger worker larvae exhibiting higher

  6. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Mating frequencies of Africanized honey bees in the

    E-print Network

    Tarpy, David R.

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Mating frequencies of Africanized honey bees in the south western USA diverse honey bee colonies through multiple matings with queens. We determined the intracolony genetic diversity of Africanized honey bee (AHB) colonies from a feral population in the south western USA. A total

  7. RESEARCH ARTICLE MapQuant: Open-source software for large-scale

    E-print Network

    Church, George M.

    involved the quantification of excised 2-D protein gel spots [1, 5], current methods employ chromatoRESEARCH ARTICLE MapQuant: Open-source software for large-scale protein quantification Kyriacos C and Genomics, Cambridge, MA, USA Whole-cell protein quantification using MS has proven to be a challenging task

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE Combined ionizing radiation and sKDR gene delivery

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Combined ionizing radiation and sKDR gene delivery for treatment of prostate the advantage of combination radiotherapy and gene therapy for the treatment of prostate cancer. Gene Therapy; ionizing radiation; prostate cancer; gene therapy Introduction Prostate cancer is the most common cancer

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Efficacy of a smoking cessation program in a

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Efficacy of a smoking cessation program in a population of adolescent Background: To evaluate the public health efficacy of a community-based smoking cessation program (TABADO cessation, Evaluation, Adolescent, Addiction, Smoking prevention & control Background Most smoking

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE Muscimol inactivation caudal to the interstitial nucleus of Cajal

    E-print Network

    Crawford, Doug

    Nucleus of Cajal (INC) and suggested that an imbalance in projections from the vestibular nucleiRESEARCH ARTICLE Muscimol inactivation caudal to the interstitial nucleus of Cajal induces hemi oculomotor nucleus and caudal to the right INC. A total of seven injections in two juvenile rhesus monkeys

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Meta-analysis of Chicken Salmonella infection

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Meta-analysis of Chicken ­ Salmonella infection experiments Marinus FW zoonotic pathogens, especially Salmonella species. These food items contain a potential hazard for humans. Chickens lines differ in susceptibility for Salmonella and can harbor Salmonella pathogens without showing

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Representations of influenza and influenza-like

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Representations of influenza and influenza-like illness-people's representations of influenza and influenza-like illness in their day-to-day lives. An insight into these views may the participants' representations of onset of flu and influenza-like illness, as well as their views on what can

  13. ABOUT THE JOURNAL Isis features scholarly articles, research notes, and commentary on

    E-print Network

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL Isis features scholarly articles, research notes, and commentary on the history and is an important teaching tool. Subscriptions to Isis are concurrent with membership in the History of Science-advertising@press.uchicago.edu ISIS An International review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences Quarterly

  14. Research Article The notion that species boundaries can be porous to intro-

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    Research Article The notion that species boundaries can be porous to intro- gression is increasingly accepted. Charismatic cases, such as gene flow between Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans alleles between closely related species. Yet the broader role of introgression in evolution remains

  15. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The role of humans in the diversification of a

    E-print Network

    Donázar, José A.

    population of a long-lived raptor species, the Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus). ResultsRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The role of humans in the diversification of a threatened island Background: Anthropogenic habitat modifications have led to the extinction of many species and have favoured

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Dynamic wind loads and wake characteristics of a wind turbine

    E-print Network

    Hu, Hui

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Dynamic wind loads and wake characteristics of a wind turbine model of the unsteady vortex and turbulent flow structures in the near wake of a horizontal axis wind turbine model.e., aerodynamic forces and bending moments) acting on the wind turbine model by using a high-sensitive force

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The effect of patient characteristics on second

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    of cancer survival due to more frequent early detection and advances in cancer treatments, the cancerRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The effect of patient characteristics on second primary cancer risk11,14 , Anne-Sophie Woronoff12,14 and Michel Velten1,2,13,14 Abstract Background: Although cancer

  18. Research Articles A Seven-Year Storage Report of Good Manufacturing

    E-print Network

    Bielefeld, Universität

    Research Articles A Seven-Year Storage Report of Good Manufacturing Practice­Grade Naked Plasmid for safe and effective gene transfer. To this aim, we analyzed the stability of good manufacturing practice stability for the final formulation. Both are achieved by proper manufacturing and storage conditions

  19. Research article The SOS4 pyridoxal kinase is required for maintenance of vitamin

    E-print Network

    Daub, Margaret

    Research article The SOS4 pyridoxal kinase is required for maintenance of vitamin B6-mediated t Vitamin B6 (pyridoxal 50 -phosphate and its vitamers) is an important cofactor in numerous enzymatic reactions. In spite of its importance, the consequences of altering vitamin B6 content on plant growth

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolution of the BBAA Component of Bread Wheat during Its

    E-print Network

    Wendel, Jonathan F.

    RESEARCH ARTICLES Evolution of the BBAA Component of Bread Wheat during Its History ID: 0000-0001-5481-1675 (B.L.) Subgenome integrity in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum; BBAADD) makes of such a ploidy-reversed wheat (extracted tetraploid wheat [ETW]) provides a unique opportunity to address whether

  1. Personal and Impersonal Authorial References: A Contrastive Study of English and Italian Linguistics Research Articles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molino, Alessandra

    2010-01-01

    A cross-cultural approach is taken to analyse Linguistics research articles in English and Italian in terms of 1) the use of exclusive first-person subject pronouns in English and first-person inflected verbs in Italian, and 2) the passive voice in both languages and "si" constructions in Italian. The aim is to determine whether personal and…

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access COUP-TFI modifies CXCL12 and CXCR4 expression

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access COUP-TFI modifies CXCL12 and CXCR4 expression by activating EGF-TFI in the regulation of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling axis in relation to cell growth and migration. We used-TFI expression is enhanced in breast cancer compared to normal tissue. Here, we report that the CXCL12/CXCR4

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Drag, but not buoyancy, affects swim speed in captive Steller

    E-print Network

    marine mammals maintain relatively constant speeds during both the descent and ascent phases comparedRESEARCH ARTICLE Drag, but not buoyancy, affects swim speed in captive Steller sea lions Ippei the effects of buoyancy and drag on the swim speed of three captive Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus

  4. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open woodland and savanna decline in a mixed-disturbance

    E-print Network

    Mladenoff, David

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open woodland and savanna decline in a mixed-disturbance landscape (1938 to 1998 describing a canopy-closure gradient: closed forests, woodlands, savannas and ``open barrens''. Our work and savannas declined severely and closed forests in- creased through time. Falling median patch sizes

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differential strengths of selection on S-RNases

    E-print Network

    Kohn, Joshua R.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Differential strengths of selection on S-RNases from Physalis. Relatively recent diversification of S-alleles has occurred in the genus Physalis following a historical intensities are higher in Physalis than Solanum. Because different S-RNase lineages diversify in Physalis

  6. Research Article Effects of lidar post-spacing and DEM resolution to mean slope

    E-print Network

    Hodgson, Michael E.

    -spacing; DEM resolution; Scale; Mean slope; Hydrologic modeling 1. Introduction Airborne laser scanning (iResearch Article Effects of lidar post-spacing and DEM resolution to mean slope estimation T. EDWIN by spatial sampling) in modeling mean slope from lidar data using two representations of scale: lidar posting

  7. Research article Emotions in context: Anger causes ethnic bias but not gender bias in men but

    E-print Network

    Little, Tony

    Research article Emotions in context: Anger causes ethnic bias but not gender bias in men that induced anger will increase ethnic but not gender intergroup bias because anger is related to conflicts conflict than women do. Two studies, with 65 and 120 participants, respectively, indeed show that anger

  8. Research Article Fish zonation in a Mediterranean stream: Effects of human

    E-print Network

    García-Berthou, Emili

    Research Article Fish zonation in a Mediterranean stream: Effects of human disturbances Anna Vila sampling sites and a gradual increase in size in the upper reaches. The natural zonation in the fish assem to habitat conditions associated with upstream versus downstream variation in water depth, current velocity

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access G-CSF protects motoneurons against axotomy-

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    from purely apoptotic cell death induced by a monocausal paradigm, neonatal sciatic nerve axotomyRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access G-CSF protects motoneurons against axotomy- induced apoptotic death in neonatal mice Alexandre Henriques1,2,3 , Claudia Pitzer1* , Luc Dupuis2,3 , Armin Schneider1* Abstract

  10. RESEARCH ARTICLE A high resolution map of French soil organic carbon

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    type, climate and agro-management on soil organic carbon. We found that the total soil carbon stockRESEARCH ARTICLE A high resolution map of French soil organic carbon Jeroen Meersmans & Manuel organic carbon also controls many beneficial properties such as fertility, aggregate stability

  11. RESEARCH ARTICLE Pre-eruptive storage conditions and eruption dynamics of a small

    E-print Network

    Manga, Michael

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Pre-eruptive storage conditions and eruption dynamics of a small rhyolite dome of rhyolite magma are poorly constrained because of a paucity of direct observations. Here, we investigate-transform infrared analyses. The pre- eruptive melt is a high-silica rhyolite (75 wt.% SiO2) and was stored at 760

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of software efficiency and accuracy to detect

    E-print Network

    Bernatchez, Louis

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of software efficiency and accuracy to detect introgression. Garant Received: 15 June 2010 / Accepted: 29 April 2011 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 NEWHYBRIDS. However, NEW- HYBRIDS showed higher assignments accuracy than STRUCTURE for the same sets

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Early Miocene origin and cryptic diversification of

    E-print Network

    Wake, David B.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Early Miocene origin and cryptic diversification of South American Central America by at least the Early Miocene, ca. 23.6 MYA (95% HPD 15.9-30.3 MYA), and subsequently salamanders likely arrived at least by the Early Miocene, well before the completion of the Late Pliocene

  14. POSITION ARTICLE AND GUIDELINES Open Access Research needs in allergy: an EAACI position

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    POSITION ARTICLE AND GUIDELINES Open Access Research needs in allergy: an EAACI position paper half a century, allergy, originally perceived as a rare disease, has become a major public health and lifestyle changes accompanying the (Continued on next page) * Correspondence: ngp@allergy.gr 1 Allergy

  15. Research article Evaluation of patch isolation metrics in mosaic landscapes for specialist

    E-print Network

    fragmentation, Habitat loss, Matrix structure, Patch isolation Abstract We examined the effects of matrix isolation met- rics is affected by (i) variation in non-habitat or "ma- trix" structure in the landscapeResearch article Evaluation of patch isolation metrics in mosaic landscapes for specialist vs

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Do North Atlantic eels show parallel patterns of

    E-print Network

    Bernatchez, Louis

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Do North Atlantic eels show parallel patterns of spatially varying Bernatchez6 and Michael M Hansen1* Abstract Background: The two North Atlantic eel species, the European and the American eel, represent an ideal system in which to study parallel selection patterns due to their sister

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Large-scale prediction of protein-protein

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Large-scale prediction of protein-protein interactions from structures: The prediction of protein-protein interactions is an important step toward the elucidation of protein functions these interactions remain costly and often noisy, the increasing quantity of solved 3D protein structures suggests

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Sequence analysis of two alleles reveals that

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Eric Rivals2 , Hakim Mireau1 , Françoise Budar1* Abstract Background: Land plant genomes contain fragment, likely originating from another part of the radish genome, inserted into the L7rfo sequenceRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Sequence analysis of two alleles reveals that intra-and intergenic

  19. Research Article Activation of ROCK by RhoA is regulated by cell adhesion,

    E-print Network

    Chen, Christopher S.

    Research Article Activation of ROCK by RhoA is regulated by cell adhesion, shape, and cytoskeletal, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA b Biomedical Engineering Department, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine its downstream effector, ROCK. Using an in vitro kinase assay for endogenous ROCK, we found that cells

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Trends in colorectal cancer incidence: a period

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Trends in colorectal cancer incidence: a period and birth for colorectal cancer. Different trends in CRC incidence are reported around the world. The aim of this study: Temporal variations in incidence rates of colorectal cancers differed according to subsite, suggesting