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1

Focus Article: Replication in Second Language Writing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the meaning and range of replication in L2 research from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. In the first half of the paper, it will be argued that key quantitative studies need to be replicated to have their robustness and generalizability tested and that this is a requirement of scientific inquiry. Such research

Porte, Graeme; Richards, Keith

2012-01-01

2

A Teaching Strategy with a Focus on Argumentation to Improve Undergraduate Students' Ability to Read Research Articles  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study is to evaluate a teaching strategy designed to teach first-year undergraduate life sciences students at a research university how to learn to read authentic research articles. Our approach—based on the work done in the field of genre analysis and argumentation theory—means that we teach students to read research articles by teaching them which rhetorical moves occur in research articles and how they can identify these. Because research articles are persuasive by their very nature, we focused on the rhetorical moves that play an important role in authors’ arguments. We designed a teaching strategy using cognitive apprenticeship as the pedagogical approach. It was implemented in a first-year compulsory course in the life sciences undergraduate program. Comparison of the results of a pretest with those of the posttest showed that students’ ability to identify these moves had improved. Moreover, students themselves had also perceived that their ability to read and understand a research article had increased. The students’ evaluations demonstrated that they appreciated the pedagogical approach used and experienced the assignments as useful. On the basis of our results, we concluded that students had taken a first step toward becoming expert readers.

Lacum, Edwin B. Van; Goedhart, Martin J.

2014-01-01

3

A Teaching Strategy with a Focus on Argumentation to Improve Undergraduate Students' Ability to Read Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate a teaching strategy designed to teach first-year undergraduate life sciences students at a research university how to learn to read authentic research articles. Our approach--based on the work done in the field of genre analysis and argumentation theory--means that we teach students to read research articles by…

Van Lacum, Edwin B.; Ossevoort, Miriam A.; Goedhart, Martin J.

2014-01-01

4

Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01

5

Focused ion beam micromilling and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

1998-06-30

6

Rhetorical Structure of Biochemistry Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the results of a move analysis [Swales, J. (1990). "Genre analysis." Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] of 60 biochemistry research articles. First, a corpus was systematically compiled to ensure that it represents core journals in the focused discipline. Then, coding reliability analysis was conducted to demonstrate…

Kanoksilapatham, Budsaba

2005-01-01

7

Science Research Management (Selected Articles).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Problems of organization and administration in factory scientific research, The amalgamation of higher school scientific research and the academic functioning of schools, and An effective measure for promoting the reform of scientific re...

W. Zhi-liang R. Ting-shu Q. Wei-ming

1986-01-01

8

Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article

Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

2009-01-01

9

How Teachers and Researchers Read Academic Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looks at language teachers' and language researchers' expectations and evaluations of two kinds of journal articles, either researcher-oriented or teacher-oriented. The results show that teachers and academics use different ways of validating information in journal articles and use the information contained in them in distinctly…

Bartels, Nat

2003-01-01

10

Qualitative research articles: guidelines, suggestions and needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative article giving some methodological suggestions to make

Alberto Crescentini; Giuditta Mainardi

2009-01-01

11

Research Focus. Section II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers, discussing research on nonwhite disabled persons, were presented at a 1984 conference on the needs of this population. In "Innovative Approaches and Research in Addressing the Needs of Nonwhite Disabled Persons," B. J. Atkins examines counseling approaches and research needs. In "The Role of Social Support in Disease Severity in…

Atkins, Bobbie J.; And Others

12

Focus on Research Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief review of the papers presented at the Symposium on Research and Evaluation Methodology highlights some of the major issues of research in Indian Country. There is a need to translate research results into terms that are meaningful at the local level, yet the act of doing this reveals tensions between scientific objectivity and advocacy.…

Manson, Spero M.

13

Recent plasma focus research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper shows that the recently reported high pressure limit for the operation of Mather-type plasma focus devices makes discrimination difficult between the scaling laws proposed for the neutron yield. Experimental results are examined, and it is suggested that this limit may explain some well-known contingencies in neutron production. Finally, attention is given to the interpretation of X-ray anisotropy measurements

A. Banuelos; H. Bruzzone; R. Delellis; J. Gratton; R. Gratton; H. Kelly; M. Milanese; J. Pouzo; F. R. Trelles

1979-01-01

14

Shapers of Published NNS Research Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a comprehensive picture of the shapers of a published nonnative speaker research article by including the language professionals and indicating how they fit into the pre-publication processing of a text. (Author/VWL)

Burrough-Boenisch, Joy

2003-01-01

15

Introductions in Research Articles: Variation across Disciplines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an analysis of research article introductions from two related fields, Wildlife Behavior and Conservation Biology, using Swales' (1990), "Genre Analysis. English in Academic and Research Settings." Results of the analysis reveal disciplinary variation in the structure of this genre, which has important pedagogical implications.…

Samraj, B.

2002-01-01

16

The logic of the medical research article.  

PubMed

As do all forms of science, medical theories have a factual as well as a logical basis. New information is presented in medical research articles. These papers have three separate arguments: the argument of the hypothesis, the argument of the experimental protocol, and the argument of the hypothesis's judgement. These arguments may be examples of the hypothetico-deductive or confirmational model of scientific interference. The logical form of these arguments are informal and inductive rather than formal and deductive. Understanding the nature of the logic of the medical research article may help avoid erroneous conclusions. PMID:8259532

Velanovich, V

1993-09-01

17

Interactional Metadiscourse in Research Article Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of…

Gillaerts, Paul; Van de Velde, Freek

2010-01-01

18

The Writing of Research Article Introductions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines two leading journals from both physics and educational psychology to see whether the research article introductions typically include statements of principal findings. Indicates (1) a mismatch between descriptive practice and prescriptive advice and (2) a diversity in this rhetorical feature between the two fields. (JD)

Swales, John; Najjar, Hazem

1987-01-01

19

Developing a Focused Research Effort.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses a method to produce a cluster of focused nursing research projects. Her method includes (1) focal topic identification, (2) development, (3) communication, (4) integration, (5) collaboration, and (6) balance. (CH)

Lenz, Elizabeth R.

1987-01-01

20

Qualitative research. Introducing focus groups.  

PubMed Central

This paper introduces focus group methodology, gives advice on group composition, running the groups, and analysing the results. Focus groups have advantages for researchers in the field of health and medicine: they do not discriminate against people who cannot read or write and they can encourage participation from people reluctant to be interviewed on their own or who feel they have nothing to say. Images p301-a

Kitzinger, J.

1995-01-01

21

The research article and the science popularization article: a probabilistic functional grammar perspective on direct discourse representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the results of an investigation on discourse representation in a corpus of 34 million words constituted by texts in Brazilian Portuguese from two different genres: the research article and the science popularization article. Drawing on a systemic functional grammar perspective of language and pursuing a probabilistic approach, it focuses on the realization of lexicogrammatical systems of direct

Janaina Minelli de Oliveira; Adriana Silvina Pagano

2006-01-01

22

Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are isclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters.

Lamartine, Bruce C. (Los Alamos, NM); Stutz, Roger A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01

23

Ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromill and articles therefrom  

DOEpatents

An ultrahigh vacuum focused ion beam micromilling apparatus and process are disclosed. Additionally, a durable data storage medium using the micromilling process is disclosed, the durable data storage medium capable of storing, e.g., digital or alphanumeric characters as well as graphical shapes or characters. 6 figs.

Lamartine, B.C.; Stutz, R.A.

1998-02-24

24

Research Output from CPTC highlighted in recent articles  

Cancer.gov

Posted on December 07, 2010 In the special December issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, two articles focus directly on scientific outputs from CPTC. A Viewpoint article, authored by Participants of a Wellcome Trust/EBI meeting and retreat (Patterson

25

The Schematic Structure of Computer Science Research Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a linguistic description of the schematic organisation of research articles in the field of computer science. Forty articles from three different academic journals in computing research have been analysed; the results indicate that the IMRD (introduction-methods-results-discussion) pattern cannot be applied to research articles in computer science systematically. Introductory and concluding sections, however, are used in more instances.

Santiago Posteguillo

1999-01-01

26

RESEARCH ARTICLE Optical antennas and plasmonics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optical antenna is a nanoscale miniaturization of radio or microwave antennas that is also governed by the rule of plasmonics. We introduce various types of optical antenna and make an overview of recent developments in optical antenna research. The role of local and surface plasmons in optical antenna is explained through antenna resonance and resonance conditions for specific metal structures

Q-Han Park

27

Research on Libraries and Distance Education: An Analysis of Articles Published 1999-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a content analysis of research articles focusing on library services in distance education published between 1999 and 2009. The study identified 472 articles on the topic and analyzed the citations, abstracts, and indexing to determine major topics, issues, and trends discussed; methodologies used; and major journals…

Herring, Susan Davis

2010-01-01

28

Accessible Article: Involving People with Learning Disabilities in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an article that talks about our research about sex and relationships for people with learning disabilities. It talks about how people with learning disabilities have been fully involved in the research. (Contains 2 footnotes.)

Garbutt, Ruth; Tattersall, John; Dunn, Jo; Boycott-Garnett, Rachel

2010-01-01

29

Criticism and Interpretation: Teaching the Persuasive Aspects of Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely…

Gillen, Christopher M.

2006-01-01

30

The Discourse Function of Collocation in Research Article Introductions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterizes the phraseology of introductions from a corpus of 150 cancer research articles. Explains the fixedness and idiosyncratic nature of scientific phraseology in terms of discourse processes such as reformulation. Argues for the design of a representative and specialized corpus of the research article and a contextual approach to corpus…

Gledhill, Chris

2000-01-01

31

Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2013-01-01

32

Using Focus Group Research in Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a recent instance of focus group research applied to a public relations case (rather than a marketing case). Reviews the advantages and disadvantages of this qualitative method, and describes the case of a county department of mental health relying on focus group research to help plan a program aimed at reducing the stigma of mental…

Grunig, Larissa A.

1990-01-01

33

Research Focus: Reviewing Recent Research on Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is perhaps no subject more contentious in schools than assessment and yet, often, at classroom, school and national level, inferences and decisions are made without much reference to research in this area. In fact, teachers often accept or interpret assessment requirements without question, feeling that assessment has to be approached in a…

Harrison, Chris

2012-01-01

34

ARTicle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ARTicle is yet another entry in the arena of museum blogs, this time from the Art Institute of Chicago (AIC). ARTicle is intended to cover all sorts of subjects related to the AIC, and its six staff writers ask readers to, "Think of it as a little peek behind the scenes." The blog dates back to October of 2009, and visitors will find recent entries that include a staff picks entry, an entry on saints and symbols, and a short video featuring Robby S., a media assistant in Communications. In the video, Robby discusses Chilean painter Matta's The Earth Is a Man, 1942, which he describes as looking like a bunch of things floating in soup. Another recent post by Sarah M. investigates a piece currently on view in the modern wing, Shade by London-based Dutch designer Simon Heijdens, taking a look at how the work was installed and the possible meaning behind the work. If a "little peek behind the scenes" means the opportunity to hear people talking about art in an accessible and straightforward fashion, then ARTicle certainly achieves its stated goal.

35

Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

2002-01-01

36

Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Moving from Results to Conclusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how selected research articles reporting empirical investigations in applied linguistic proceed from first presenting results to eventually offering final conclusions or some other form of closure. (Author/VWL)

Ruiying, Yang; Allison, Desmond

2003-01-01

37

Evaluation in the Art-Historical Research Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to isolate some of the aspects in which the evaluative language most typical of research articles produced within the discipline of art history differs from the evaluation prevalent in academic discourse in other fields. (Author/VWL)

Tucker, Paul

2003-01-01

38

Prospective Memory: A New Focus for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prospective memory is required for many aspects of everyday cognition, its breakdown may be as debilitating as impairments in retrospective memory, and yet, the former has received relatively little attention by memory researchers. This article outlines a strategy for changing the fortunes of prospective memory, for guiding new research to shore up the claim that prospective memory is a distinct

Peter Graf; Bob Uttl

2001-01-01

39

Promotional (meta)discourse in research articles in language and literary studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now widely recognized that self-promotion in academic discourse varies across disciplines. Whereas most analysts focus on publicization techniques in natural and social sciences, the humanities have received much less attention. This article investigates the strategies associated with promotional (meta)discourse in the humanities. In particular, it compares and contrasts research articles in language and literary studies published in North

Elena Afros; Catherine F. Schryer

2009-01-01

40

Family Preservation (Family Focus Research Project).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Family Focus Research project provided a comprehensive evaluation of home-based crisis intervention strategies for families with children at risk of placement into substitute care. It examined the relative costs and benefits of three types of brief, i...

J. R. Taplin C. Rowland

1983-01-01

41

Crafting Qualitative Research Articles on Marriages and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to assist those who do qualitative research in the field of marriage and family to reduce the number of rejections received in response to article submissions. Recurring shortcomings identified by reviewers and suggestions made to authors about revising papers are organized using headings traditionally used in a research

Matthews, Sarah H.

2005-01-01

42

Using Empirical Article Analysis to Assess Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing students who can apply their knowledge of empirical research is a key outcome of the undergraduate psychology major. This learning outcome was assessed in two research methods courses by having students read and analyze a condensed empirical journal article. At the start and end of the semester, students in multiple sections of an…

Bachiochi, Peter; Everton, Wendi; Evans, Melanie; Fugere, Madeleine; Escoto, Carlos; Letterman, Margaret; Leszczynski, Jennifer

2011-01-01

43

New Group of Researchers Focuses on Scientific Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this article reports in late January 2006, a group of scholars announced the formation of a federally-backed professional society that will focus solely on advancing scientifically rigorous studies in education. The society, which is known as Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, has caused ripples of controversy among…

Viadero, Debra

2006-01-01

44

Do Open-Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many authors believe that their work has a greater research impact if it is freely available, studies to demonstrate that impact are few. This study looks at articles in four disciplines at varying stages of adoption of open access—philosophy, political science, electrical and electronic engineering and mathematics—to see whether they have a greater im- pact as measured by citations

Kristin Antelman

2005-01-01

45

First-Year Students Benefit from Reading Primary Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary research articles discuss aspects of scientific inquiry that are important in understanding the nature of science. Yet, most introductory science courses use textbooks that ignore the scientific process; opportunities for explicit discussion of the nature of science are lost. In Hampshire College's science program, students read current…

Wenk, Laura; Tronsky, Loel

2011-01-01

46

Distribution of Medical Research Articles on the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ninety-eight percent of 51 polled medical editors felt that published research articles should be available to the public on the World Wide Web at no charge, after a mean time from publication of 1.4 years for viewing and 1.9 years for printing. Public libraries or other government institutions could be allowed to assume the responsibility of housing and distributing the

Kevin T. Kavanagh

2003-01-01

47

Progress in plasma focus research and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the current state of the plasma focus (PF) research is presented. Some new opportunities for the use of PF in studies on high-energy-density physics are discussed. The main attention is paid to the results obtained on one of the world's largest PF-type facilities PF-3 at the Kurchatov Institute. Experimental results of the studies of foam liners and

V. I. Krauz

2006-01-01

48

Structural Patterns in Empirical Research Articles: A Cross-Disciplinary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an analysis of the major generic structures of empirical research articles (RAs), with a particular focus on disciplinary variation and the relationship between the adjacent sections in the introductory and concluding parts. The findings were derived from a close "manual" analysis of 433 recent empirical RAs from high-impact…

Lin, Ling; Evans, Stephen

2012-01-01

49

Text-Organising Metatext in Research Articles: An English-Slovene Contrastive Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a contrastive analysis focusing on the differences in the use of two selected metatext categories, previews and reviews, in English and Slovene research articles. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the use of the selected metatext categories is more restricted in Slovene academic writing than in English academic…

Peterlin, A.P.

2005-01-01

50

Rhetorical Strategies in Engineering Research Articles and Research Theses: Advanced Academic Literacy and Relations of Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research articles and research theses constitute two key genres used by scientific communities for the dissemination and ratification of knowledge. Both genres are produced at advanced stages of individuals' enculturation in disciplinary communities present original research aim to persuade the academic community to accept new knowledge claims,…

Koutsantoni, Dimitra

2006-01-01

51

Interventions for Learning Disabilities: Does a Journal-Based Change in Focus and Article Type Reflect or Influence Legal Mandates?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether there was a noticeable shift in focus from general to specific learning disabilities, and in the types of articles (narrative or empirically based) in the Journal of Learning Disabilities (JLD) between 1995 to 2000. A pilot study had revealed an increase in empirically based articles and a shift toward specifically…

McCleary, Daniel F.; Rowlette, Emily Fuller; Pelchar, Taylor K.; Bain, Sherry K.

2013-01-01

52

Quality Design of Focus Groups in Early Childhood Special Education Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest is growing in the contributions of qualitative research to the field of early childhood special education. One qualitative method, focus groups, is examined. This article discusses what types of early childhood special education questions might be addressed in focus groups and suggests guidelines by which to consider the quality of design of focus group use in early childhood special

MARY JANE BROTHERSON; BETH L. GOLDSTEIN

1992-01-01

53

"The Purpose of This Study Is to": Connecting Lexical Bundles and Moves in Research Article Introductions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a group of lexical bundles identified in a corpus of research article introductions as the first step in the analysis of these expressions in the different sections of the research article. A one-million word corpus of research article introductions from various disciplines was compiled and the lexical bundles identified in…

Cortes, Viviana

2013-01-01

54

Using focus groups as a consumer research tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups are an effective strategy in consumer research if conducted properly. Too often the meaning and origin of focus groups have been distorted by marketing and consumer researchers and the validity of retrieved data is questioned. By looking at the definition and evolution of focus groups, definitive advantages and disadvantages of the method emerge. Focus groups provide the collective

K. Denise Threlfall

55

The Effect of Focused Written Corrective Feedback and Language Aptitude on ESL Learners' Acquisition of Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the differential effect of two types of written corrective feedback (CF) and the extent to which language analytic ability mediates the effects of CF on the acquisition of articles by adult intermediate ESL learners of various L1 backgrounds (N = 91). Three groups were formed: a "direct-only correction" group, a "direct…

Sheen, Younghee

2007-01-01

56

Hungarian space research 1981-1985: Lectures and review articles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This monograph presents an overview of Hungarian space research from 1981 to 1985. Topics discussed in the original report include the development of space research centers, the flight of the first Hungarian astronaut, Hungarian participation in international space programs such as the Vega/Halley's Comet mission and the BEALUCA materials science experiment, advances in astronomical research, and activities of the Cosmic Geodetic Observatory. Other topics discussed incude space biomedical studies, meteorological applications of space research, satellite communications, and satellite power supply systems.

Benko, G. (editor)

1986-01-01

57

USE OF FOCUS GROUPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCHER  

EPA Science Inventory

Qualitative research techniques are often under-utilized by the environmental health researcher. Focus groups, one such qualitative method, can provide rich data sets for study planning and implementation, risk perception, program and policy research, and exploration into future...

58

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address Research on Heroin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports more than 85 percent of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abus...

2004-01-01

59

Using a Professional Moderator in Library Focus Group Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of a professional marketing and opinion research firm at Brown University Library to conduct focus group meetings with users and to provide data analysis. Highlights include a review of library literature on focus group use; focus group methodology; benefits of employing professionals; logistics of focus group preparation; and…

Shoaf, Eric C.

2003-01-01

60

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For many years, female gangs were regarded simply as satellites of male gangs and rigorous research to better understand them was rarely undertaken. This oversight has resulted in gaps in our knowledge about the girls and young women who are at risk for g...

J. Moore J. Hagedorn

2001-01-01

61

Research Article Introductions in Chinese and English: A Comparative Genre-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the rhetorical organisation of English and Chinese research article introductions in the field of educational psychology using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) framework of move analysis. A corpus of 40 research articles (20 Chinese and 20 English) was selected. The English research articles, written by first-language…

Loi, Chek Kim

2010-01-01

62

NASA Research Focuses on Yellowstone's Hot Springs and Compares Findings to Rocks from Mars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA Astrobiology Institute website features an article by the Yellowstone Park Foundation focusing on NASA's latest thermophile research and its contributions to outreach education in Yellowstone National Park. The site also provides a number of useful links through the NAI portal site including a teacher's page, student's page, and additional NAI articles and newsletters.

Foundation, Yellowstone P.; Institute, Nasa A.

63

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 9, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is a publication of the US Division of World Education, Inc. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to connecting research with practice, to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2008-01-01

64

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 9, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is a publication of the U.S. Division of World Education, Inc. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to connecting research with practice, to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2008-01-01

65

Writing Without Conviction? Hedging in Science Research Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that hedging in scientific research writing cannot be fully understood in isolation from social and institutional contexts and suggests a pragmatic framework which reflects this interpretive environment. Hedging is emphasized as a significant communicative resource for academics that confirms the writer's professional persona and assists in…

Hyland, Ken

1996-01-01

66

Methodological Review: A Handbook for Excellence in Focus Group Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides a step-by-step manual on conducting focus group research and suggests modifications for adapting its use to Third World realities. Topics covered include: an overview of qualitative research; the two leading qualitative methods, indivi...

M. Debus P. Novelli

1989-01-01

67

Focus groups: A new tool for qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups have received little attention from sociologists, although they are a commonly used qualitative technique in market research. The data collected in focus group sessions typically consist of tape-recorded group discussions among four to ten participants who share their thoughts and experiences on a set of topics selected by the researcher. We present a brief description of dimensions along

David L. Morgan; Margaret T. Spanish

1984-01-01

68

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 7, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

69

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

70

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 6, Issue C  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2003-01-01

71

Differences in Quality between Thai and International Research Articles in ELT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to explore potential problems of English Language Teaching (ELT) academics in Thailand in getting their research published in international journals. Using content analysis, the study analyzes and compares 100 research articles published by ELT academics in Thailand with 100 research articles published in international journals.…

Jaroongkhongdach, Woravut; Todd, Richard Watson; Keyuravong, Sonthida; Hall, David

2012-01-01

72

Learning to Appraise the Quality of Qualitative Research Articles: A Contextualized Learning Object for Constructing Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping beginning qualitative researchers critically appraise qualitative research articles is a common learning objective for introductory methodology courses. To aid students in achieving competency in appraising the quality of qualitative research articles, a multi-part activity incorporating the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme's (CASP)…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

73

A Methodological Review of the Articles Published in "Georgia Educational Researcher" from 2003-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methodological reviews, reviews that concentrate on research methods rather than research outcomes, have been used in a variety of fields to improve research practice, inform debate, and identify islands of practice. In this article, we report on the results of a methodological review of all of the articles published in "Georgia Educational…

Randolph, Justus J.; Griffin, Andrea E.; Zeiger, Samara R.; Falbe, Kristina N.; Freeman, Noreen A.; Taylor, Bridget E.; Westbrook, Amy F.; Lico, Cheryl C.; Starling, Cristy N.; Sprull, Nakiesha M.; Holt, Carolyn; Smith, Kristie; McAnespie, Hannah

2011-01-01

74

Undergraduate Research Behavior: Using Focus Groups to Generate Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of the attitudes toward and skills in conducting library research among undergraduate library assistants. The use of focus groups and individual interviews is described; theories of undergraduate research behavior are discussed; and further research is suggested. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

Valentine, Barbara

1993-01-01

75

Research Initiatives in Citizenship Education. Research in Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Citizenship Education Research Network, a group of Canadian researchers, decision makers, and practitioners, is committed to the development of educational policy and practice concerning the relationship between common values and the stability of society; the impact of citizen participation upon social cohesion; and the relationship between…

Hebert, Yvonne; Page, Michel

2000-01-01

76

Remarks on the Communicative Functions of Hedging in Popular Scientific and Specialist Research Articles on Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 15 popular scientific journal articles and 15 specialist medical-research articles indicates that in medical discourse hedging, the expression of tentativeness and possibility by epistemic devices, can be applied in less specialized English- for-Special-Purposes (ESP) texts such as popular scientific articles, but in different…

Varttala, Teppo

1999-01-01

77

Finding and using journal-article components: Impacts of disaggregation on teaching and research practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a study into the use of discrete journal article components, particularly tables and figures extracted from published scientific journal articles, and their application to teaching and research. Sixty participants were introduced to and asked to perform searches in a journal article component prototype that presents individual tables and figures as the items returned in

Robert J. Sandusky; Carol Tenopir

2008-01-01

78

Using Focus Groups in the Refinement of a Research Tool.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of a larger research study, two graduate students used focus groups to collect data to assist in the refinement of a tool (Patient Assessment Questionnaire, PAQ) to identify the sociodemographic characteristics associated with the presence of body...

T. N. Constantine J. Bourne S. Bibb L. Wanzer C. Reilly

2005-01-01

79

How Elsevier's Article of the Future supports researchers in the digital era  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first phase of Elsevier's Article of the Future article format was released on SciVerse ScienceDirect in January 2012. While this new format for online scholarly articles brings a significantly improved online presentation, it also enables further enhancements in terms of domain-specific content and contextualization of research results. Of particular interest to the Earth Sciences research community are the seamless integration of an interactive map viewer that displays author-submitted KML files inside the article, and real-time links to leading research data portals like Pangaea and Earthchem. These enhancements allow for a richer form of communication between authors and readers, and present researchers with valuable additional information in the context of the article. In this presentaion I will review these ongoing efforts to enhance online articles in the digital era.

Keall, B.

2012-04-01

80

A Pragmatic Approach to the Macro-Structure and Metadiscoursal Features of Research Article Introductions in the Field of Agricultural Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using (Swales, 1990) and (Swales, 2004) Create-A-Research-Space model (CARS) as an investigative tool and Hyland's (2005) model of metadiscourse, this article reports on a pragmatic two-level rhetorical analysis of the constituent moves and steps of research article introductions and focuses on the identification and mapping of the metadiscoursal…

Rubio, M. Milagros del Saz

2011-01-01

81

Research required for the effective implementation of the framework convention on tobacco control, articles 9 and 10.  

PubMed

This paper is part of a series of articles intended to set out the research questions that are relevant to the successful implementation of the various provisions of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This paper focuses on issues affecting Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC. This paper focuses on the research that is most important for most countries, rather than on what is desirable in countries with high levels of research capacity. Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC address the regulation of contents and emissions of tobacco products and regulation of tobacco product disclosure. Such regulation will be essential if the long-term objective of reducing the danger of tobacco products is to be achieved. There are many components of tobacco and tobacco smoke that are excessively toxic and dangerous to the user. Many of these components are carcinogenic and addictive and can be removed or reduced substantially with current known technology. The fact that these components remain in tobacco and tobacco smoke at levels that are unnecessarily dangerous is precisely the reason why the successful implementation of Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC is important to tobacco control. This paper discusses the scientific challenges involved in successfully implementing Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC, which focuses on regulating carcinogens and toxins in tobacco and tobacco smoke, the abuse liability of tobacco products, and the additives and engineering features in tobacco products that make tobacco products appealing to future consumers. The research issues we focus on are those required to support the early stages of regulation. As regulation proceeds, new and more sophisticated research questions will undoubtedly emerge. PMID:23024247

Gray, Nigel; Borland, Ron

2013-04-01

82

Research Required for the Effective Implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Articles 9 and 10  

PubMed Central

This paper is part of a series of articles intended to set out the research questions that are relevant to the successful implementation of the various provisions of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This paper focuses on issues affecting Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC. This paper focuses on the research that is most important for most countries, rather than on what is desirable in countries with high levels of research capacity. Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC address the regulation of contents and emissions of tobacco products and regulation of tobacco product disclosure. Such regulation will be essential if the long-term objective of reducing the danger of tobacco products is to be achieved. There are many components of tobacco and tobacco smoke that are excessively toxic and dangerous to the user. Many of these components are carcinogenic and addictive and can be removed or reduced substantially with current known technology. The fact that these components remain in tobacco and tobacco smoke at levels that are unnecessarily dangerous is precisely the reason why the successful implementation of Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC is important to tobacco control. This paper discusses the scientific challenges involved in successfully implementing Articles 9 and 10 of the FCTC, which focuses on regulating carcinogens and toxins in tobacco and tobacco smoke, the abuse liability of tobacco products, and the additives and engineering features in tobacco products that make tobacco products appealing to future consumers. The research issues we focus on are those required to support the early stages of regulation. As regulation proceeds, new and more sophisticated research questions will undoubtedly emerge.

2013-01-01

83

The Textual Organisation of Research Article Introductions in Applied Linguistics: Variability within a Single Discipline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the degree of variability in the structure of research article introductions within a single discipline. It is an exploratory study based on the analysis of 20 research articles. The study investigates the differences between two subdisciplines of applied linguistics, namely second language acquisition and second language…

Ozturk, Ismet

2007-01-01

84

Research Article Introductions in English for Specific Purposes: A Comparison between Brazilian Portuguese and English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper compares the rhetorical organization of research article introductions in Brazilian Portuguese and in English within a subfield of Applied Linguistics. Using Swales' (1990) CARS model as an analytical tool, this exploratory study investigated 20 research articles. The findings indicate that introductions in Brazilian Portuguese tend to…

Hirano, Eliana

2009-01-01

85

Quantifying the Burden of Writing Research Articles in a Second Language: Data from Mexican Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides quantitative data to establish the relative, perceived burden of writing research articles in English as a second language. Previous qualitative research has shown that scientists writing English in a second language face difficulties but has not established parameters for the degree of this difficulty. A total of 141…

Hanauer, David I.; Englander, Karen

2011-01-01

86

A Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles That Address Research on Club Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on club drug research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. The collection features articles originally published from 1996 through 2002. Topics include the effects of ecstasy and methamphetamine on the brain and body,…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Bethesda, MD.

87

State of Qualitative Research in Engineering Education: Meta-Analysis of JEE Articles, 2005-2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

With recent calls for expanding the scope and rigor of engineer- ing education research, use of qualitative methods to answer research questions that can not be answered through quantitative methods is taking on increasing significance. Well-designed qualitative studies often build on epistemological consistency across theoretical perspectives, research questions, and research methods. We examine recent articles published in the Journal of

MIRKA KORO-LJUNGBERG

88

The top cited clinical research articles on sepsis: a bibliometric analysis  

PubMed Central

Introduction The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the most highly cited clinical research articles published on sepsis. Methods A comprehensive list of citation classics in sepsis was generated by searching the database of Web of Science-Expanded (1970 to present) using keywords 'sepsis' or 'septic shock'. The top 50 cited clinical research papers were retrieved by reading the abstract or full text if needed. Each eligible article was reviewed for basic information, including country of origin, article type, journals, authors, and funding sources. Results A total of 2,151 articles were cited more than 100 times; the 50 top-cited clinical articles were published between 1974 and 2008. The number of citations ranged from 372 to 2,932, with a mean of 678 citations per article. These citation classics came from nine countries, of which 26 articles came from the United States. Rush University and the University of Pittsburgh lead the list of classics with six papers each. The 50 top-cited articles were published in 17 journals, with the New England Journal of Medicine and Journal of the American Medical Association topping the list. The top 50 articles consisted of 21 clinical trials and 29 observational studies. Conclusions Our bibliometric analysis provides a historical perspective on the progress of clinical research on sepsis. Articles originating from the United States and published in high-impact journals are most likely to be cited in the field of sepsis research.

2012-01-01

89

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research & Practice. Volume 8, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabilities is the theme of the latest issue of "Focus on Basics," the World Education publication that brings together research, policy, and practice in adult basic education. Starting with an update on research on neurobiology and dyslexia, this issue also examines how the adult basic education system supports students with learning…

Garner, Barbara, Ed.

2007-01-01

90

The use of focus groups in pediatric and adolescent research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through this past decade, health care research has focused on clinical trials and establishing intervention versus control group research to improve the health of children and adolescents. Many of these clinical intervention trials have not demonstrated significantly improved health for these persons. One possible reason for the failure to demonstrate improved health is that the young persons' perspective is lacking.

Kathleen Peterson-Sweeney

2005-01-01

91

Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Research on Poverty at University of Wisconsin-Madison held a welfare reform conference in March 1997. Both the summary and full proceedings of the conference are available. Note that the summary is available in Focus. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was passed on August 22, 1996. The Act "changed the nation's welfare system into one that requires work in exchange for time-limited assistance."

1976-01-01

92

Music therapy research in Ibero-American countries: an overview focused on assessment and clinical evaluation.  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to present an overview of some contemporary ideas concerning the status of music therapy research in Ibero-American countries, with a focus on assessment and clinical evaluation of music therapy clinical practice. PMID:16597778

Sabbatella, Patricia L

2005-12-01

93

Using a Research Article to Facilitate a Deep Structure Understanding of Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests ways in which a current research article on employment discrimination from the "American Sociological Review" can be used in the undergraduate classroom to facilitate deep structure learning (Roberts 1986, 2001, 2002). The exercises are designed for different levels of the undergraduate curriculum and adopt the strategies of…

Bordt, Rebecca L.

2005-01-01

94

Building Consensus in Science: Resources for Intertextual Dialog in Biology Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the way article writers bring prior texts into biology research articles. It studies the functional moves in which citations occur and their formal features, providing a better understanding of the linguistic resources that are used to construct intertextuality in science. The results show the functions of citations were…

Martinez, Iliana A.

2008-01-01

95

An Exploration of a Genre Set: Research Article Abstracts and Introductions in Two Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disciplinary variation in academic writing has been explored for the most part by comparing a particular genre, such as the research article, across different disciplines. However, genre theorists have not systematically studied relationships among related genres. It is argued in this article that a study of relationships among related genres from…

Samraj, Betty

2005-01-01

96

United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine: Warfighter research focusing on the past 25 years  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article reviews the history, evolution, and transition of the United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) research programs as well as its scientific and military accomplishments, emphasizing the past 25 yr.

Kent Pandolf (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Ralph Francesconi (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Michael Sawka (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Allen Cymerman (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Reed Hoyt (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine); Andrew Young (United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine)

2011-12-01

97

New trends and future perspectives on plasma focus research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper includes a brief overview of the contributions and results of several groups working in plasma focus (PF) devices around the world in the last few years. In section 2 a summary of the most important results of the dense transient plasma research programme of the Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear is presented. An approach to an integrated vision

Leopoldo Soto

2005-01-01

98

THE REPORTING OF IRB REVIEW IN JOURNAL ARTICLES PRESENTING HIV RESEARCH CONDUCTED IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated how often journal articles reporting on human HIV research in four developing world countries mention any institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), and what factors are involved. Methods We examined all such articles published in 2007 from India, Nigeria, Thailand and Uganda, and coded these for several ethical and other characteristics. Results Of 221 articles meeting inclusion criteria, 32.1% did not mention IRB approval. Mention of IRB approval was associated with: biomedical (versus psychosocial) research (P=0.001), more sponsor-country authors (P=0.003), sponsor-country corresponding author (P=0.047), mention of funding (P<0.001), particular host-country involved (P=0.002), journals having sponsor-country editors (P<0.001), and journal stated compliance with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (P=0. 003). Logistic regression identified 3 significant factors: mention of funding, journal having sponsor-country editors and research being biomedical. Conclusions One-third of articles still do not mention IRB approval. Mention varied by country, and was associated with biomedical research, and more sponsor country involvement. Recently, some journals have required mention of IRB approval, but allow authors to do so in cover letters to editors, not in the article itself. Instead, these data suggest, journals should require that articles document adherence to ethical standards.

KLITZMAN, ROBERT L.; KLEINERT, KELLY; RIFAI-BASHJAWISH, HODA; LEU, CHENG SHIUNG

2012-01-01

99

Promotional (Meta)Discourse in Research Articles in Language and Literary Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now widely recognized that self-promotion in academic discourse varies across disciplines. Whereas most analysts focus on publicization techniques in natural and social sciences, the humanities have received much less attention. This article investigates the strategies associated with promotional (meta)discourse in the humanities. In…

Afros, Elena; Schryer, Catherine F.

2009-01-01

100

Research on Mathematics Education in China in the Last Decade: A Review of Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews literature on mathematics education in China in the last decade. It focuses on papers that were published after 2000, and Chinese Social Science Citation Index (CSSCI). Some influential journals in the field of mathematics education, such as the "Journal of Mathematics Education" and "Mathematics Instruction" were also…

Xu, Binyan

2010-01-01

101

"Ideal-Problem-Solution" (IPS) Model: A Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIS) in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research article introductions (RAIs) play a significant role in gaining publication, and therefore have been studied by many applied linguists. Research into RAIs published in Indonesia has begun to be developed (Adnan, 2009; Mirahayuni, 2001; Safnil, 2000), and generally conclude that Indonesian Humanities RAIs were structured differently from…

Adnan, Zifirdaus

2011-01-01

102

Cognitive Genre Structures in Methods Sections of Research Articles: A Corpus Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a corpus investigation of the Methods sections of research-reporting articles in academic journals. In published pedagogic materials, Swales and Feak [Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. (1994). Academic writing for graduate students. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press; Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. (2000). English in today's research

Bruce, Ian

2008-01-01

103

The Vocabulary Thresholds of Business Textbooks and Business Research Articles for EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research compiled two corpora, one for English-medium textbooks for business core courses (totaling 7.2 million running words) and the other for business research articles (7.62 million tokens), to form a basis of analysis. The results show that knowledge of the most frequent 3500 word families and 5000 word families plus proper nouns would…

Hsu, Wenhua

2011-01-01

104

Epistemology in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Published Articles, 2008-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the epistemological foundations of qualitative social work research. A template-based review was completed on 100 articles from social work journals. Reviewers examined five things: (1) the purpose or aims of the research, (2) the rationale or justification for the work, (3) the populations studied, (4) the presence of four…

Gringeri, Christina; Barusch, Amanda; Cambron, Christopher

2013-01-01

105

A Collection of NIDA NOTES. Articles That Address Research on Heroin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on heroin research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuses (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. Titles include: Buprenorphine Taken Three Times Per Week Is as Effective as Daily Doses in Treating Heroin Addiction; 33-Year Study Finds Lifelong, Lethal Consequences…

National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.

106

Using Propensity Score Analysis for Making Causal Claims in Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central role of the propensity score analysis (PSA) in observational studies is for causal inference; as such, PSA is often used for making causal claims in research articles. However, there are still some issues for researchers to consider when making claims of causality using PSA results. This summary first briefly reviews PSA, followed by…

Bai, Haiyan

2011-01-01

107

Focus on international research strategy and teaching: the FIRST programme.  

PubMed

Research, education and patient care are important missions of academic health centres and their respective teaching programmes. Yet, teaching hospitals struggle with ways to effectively support quality research initiatives. These issues are even more pronounced in countries with developing medical education systems where inconsistencies in training programme structure and quality, along with the lack of uniformity in the backgrounds and experience of the faculty, can hinder meaningful research activities. Hospital leaders recognized the need to inculcate both the desire and the ability to conduct quality research into every postgraduate training programme. Given the lack of global benchmarks, the institution developed and implemented the FIRST Programme (Focus on International Research Strategy and Teaching), a hospital-wide approach to research strategy training and support in 2010-2012. Over a 3-year period, the number of resident and faculty research activities has more than doubled. The types of research studies have also changed over the past few years, with an increase in basic science and randomized clinical trials. Our experience with implementing an institution-wide research initiative has been quite encouraging. Through leadership commitment, the institution has witnessed substantial increases in both trainee and faculty scholarship over a 3-year period. PMID:24307399

Ibrahim, Halah; Nair, Satish Chandrasekhar

2014-04-01

108

Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic.

2013-01-01

109

Review: Deep groundwater research with focus on Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While research focuses mainly on the intensively used shallower aquifers, only a little research has addressed groundwater movement in deeper aquifers. This is mainly because of the negligible relevance of deep groundwater for daily usage and the great efforts and high costs associated with its access. In the last few decades, the discussion about deep geological final repositories for radioactive waste has generated strong demand for the investigation and characterization of deep-lying aquifers. Other utilizations of the deeper underground have been added to the discussion: the use of geothermal energy, potential CO2 storage, and sources of potable water as an alternative to the geogenic or anthropogenic contaminated shallow aquifers. As a consequence, the fast growing requirement for knowledge and understanding of these dynamic systems has spurred the research on deep groundwater systems and accordingly the development of suitable test methods, which currently show considerable limitations. This review provides an overview of the history of deep groundwater research. Deep groundwater flow and research in the main hydrogeological units is presented based on six projects and the methods used. The study focuses on Germany and two other locations in Europe.

Hebig, K. H.; Ito, N.; Scheytt, T.; Marui, A.

2012-03-01

110

Basic science research to support the nuclear material focus area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Boak, J. M. (Jeremy M.); Eller, P. Gary; Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.

2002-01-01

111

Basic Science Research to Support the Nuclear Materials Focus Area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.; Boak, J. M.; Eller, P. G.

2002-02-26

112

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

113

Adventures in semantic publishing: exemplar semantic enhancements of a research article.  

PubMed

Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have made to a recent biomedical research article taken from PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, providing enrichment to its content and increased access to datasets within it. These semantic enhancements include provision of live DOIs and hyperlinks; semantic markup of textual terms, with links to relevant third-party information resources; interactive figures; a re-orderable reference list; a document summary containing a study summary, a tag cloud, and a citation analysis; and two novel types of semantic enrichment: the first, a Supporting Claims Tooltip to permit "Citations in Context", and the second, Tag Trees that bring together semantically related terms. In addition, we have published downloadable spreadsheets containing data from within tables and figures, have enriched these with provenance information, and have demonstrated various types of data fusion (mashups) with results from other research articles and with Google Maps. We have also published machine-readable RDF metadata both about the article and about the references it cites, for which we developed a Citation Typing Ontology, CiTO (http://purl.org/net/cito/). The enhanced article, which is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228.x001, presents a compelling existence proof of the possibilities of semantic publication. We hope the showcase of examples and ideas it contains, described in this paper, will excite the imaginations of researchers and publishers, stimulating them to explore the possibilities of semantic publishing for their own research articles, and thereby break down present barriers to the discovery and re-use of information within traditional modes of scholarly communication. PMID:19381256

Shotton, David; Portwin, Katie; Klyne, Graham; Miles, Alistair

2009-04-01

114

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Metacognitive Strategy Training for Reading Research Articles in an ESP Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an investigation into the reading processes of English-as-a-Foreign-Language/English for Special purposes students with respect to research articles in their specialty area: Biology. Specially explored how metacognitive strategy training influenced a group of readers' declarative and procedural knowledge and their choice and use of…

Dhieb-Henia, Nebila

2003-01-01

115

Commenting on Results in Published Research Articles and Masters Dissertations in Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the ways writers comment on the results of their research. Making claims in the form of Commenting on Results is a key move in discussion of results sections. Using data drawn from published journal articles and master dissertations in Language Teaching, the study investigates how published academics and students writing…

Basturkmen, Helen

2009-01-01

116

Personal and Impersonal Authorial References: A Contrastive Study of English and Italian Linguistics Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-cultural approach is taken to analyse Linguistics research articles in English and Italian in terms of 1) the use of exclusive first-person subject pronouns in English and first-person inflected verbs in Italian, and 2) the passive voice in both languages and "si" constructions in Italian. The aim is to determine whether personal and…

Molino, Alessandra

2010-01-01

117

Rigor in Qualitative Social Work Research: A Review of Strategies Used in Published Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to describe strategies used by social work researchers to enhance the rigor of their qualitative work. A template was developed and used to review a random sample of 100 articles drawn from social work journals listed in the "2005 Journal Citation Reports: Science and Social Sciences Edition." Results suggest that the most…

Barusch, Amanda; Gringeri, Christina; George, Molly

2011-01-01

118

Reading Journal Articles for Comprehension Using Key Sentences: An Exercise for the Novice Research Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We have incorporated an active-learning assignment, Reading Papers Using Key Sentences, in an upper-level Introduction to Chemical Research course. Although key sentences are typically used to help authors write with clarity and organization, we have found that this assignment helps students improve upon and practice reading journal articles for…

Bennett, Nicole S.; Taubman, Brett F.

2013-01-01

119

Talking to the Academy: Forms of Hedging in Science Research Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines "hedging" as linguistic strategies that qualify categorical commitment to express possibility rather than certainty. Suggests that hedging is central to effective argument in scientific writing. Identifies the major forms, functions, and distribution of hedges in a corpus of 26 molecular biology research articles and describes the…

Hyland, Ken

1996-01-01

120

Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have

David Shotton; Katie Portwin; Graham Klyne; Alistair Miles

2009-01-01

121

Attitude, Certainty and Allusions to Common Knowledge in Scientific Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acceptance of claims made in scientific research articles depends on the "stance" authors take and their resources for "appraisal" (Martin and White, http://www.grammatics.com/appraisal). "Stance" has been defined as "the ways authors project themselves into their texts to communicate their relationship to subject matter and the readers",…

Koutsantoni, Dimitra

2004-01-01

122

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, Volume 45, Number 2, Summer 1994. (Articles and Book Reviews).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Articles--Setting Research Priorities in the Public Sector: A Suggested Framework for the AARC Center; Estimating the U.S. Demand for Sugar in the Presence of Measurement Error in the Data; Price Elasticities Implied by Homogeneous Production Fu...

D. Smallwood J. Blaylock J. Harrison

1994-01-01

123

A Genre-Based Investigation of Discussion Sections of Research Articles in Dentistry and Disciplinary Variation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outwardly the rhetorical organisation of sections of research reports in different disciplines can appear similar. Close examination, however, may reveal subtle differences. Numerous studies have drawn on the genre-based approach developed by Swales (1990, 2004) to investigate the schematic structure of sections of articles in a range of…

Basturkmen, Helen

2012-01-01

124

Discourse Research in Mathematics Education: A Critical Evaluation of 108 Journal Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increased engagement in studying discourse in the field of mathematics education. But what exactly is a discourse, and how do researchers go about analyzing discourses? This study examines 108 articles from 6 international journals in mathematics education by asking questions such as these: In which traditions and in relation to…

Ryve, Andreas

2011-01-01

125

An overview of the Nuclear Materials Focus Area research program  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) is responsible for providing comprehensive needs identification, integration of technology research and development activities, and technology deployment for stabilization, packaging, and interim storage of surplus nuclear materials within the DOE complex. The NMFA was chartered in April 1999 by the Office of Science and Technology (OST), an organizational component of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). OST manages a national program to conduct basic and applied research, and technology development, demonstration, and deployment assistance that is essential to completing a timely and cost-effective cleanup of the DOE nuclear weapons complex. DOE/EM provides environmental research results, as well as cleanup technologies and systems, to meet high-priority end-user needs, reduce EM's major cost centers and technological risks, and accelerate technology deployments. The NMFA represents the segment of EM that focuses on technological solutions for re-using, transforming, and disposing excess nuclear materials and is jointly managed by the DOE Albuquerque Operations Office and the DOE Idaho Operations Office.

ROBERSON,GARY D.; POLANSKY,GARY F.; OSBORNE,KEN K.; RANDALL,VIRGINIA

2000-02-25

126

Focusing biodiversity research on the needs of decision makers  

SciTech Connect

The project on Biodiversity Uncertainties and Research Needs (BURN) ensures the advancement of usable knowledge on biodiversity by obtaining input from decision makers on their priority information needs about biodiversity and then using this input to engage leading scientists in designing policy-relevant research. Decision makers had concerns about four issues: significance of biodiversity; status and trends of biodiversity; management for biodiversity; the linkage of social, cultural, economic, legal, and biological objectives. Leading scientists identified research required to address these needs and determined the probability of success. The diverse group of experts reached consensus on several fundamental issues, helping to clarify the role of biodiversity in land and resource management. Several features that should be incorporated into policy-relevant research plans and management strategies for biodiversity were identified: multidisciplinary and integrative, participatory with stakeholder involvement, hierarchical, and problem- and region-specific. Activities should be focused regionally within a global perspective. More specifically, the scientists recommended six priority research areas that should be pursued to address the information needs articulated by decision makers: (1) characterization of biodiversity, (2) environmental valuation, (3) management for sustainability-for humans and the environment (adaptive management), (4) information management strategies, (5) governance and stewardship issues, and (6) communication and outreach. Broad recommendations wee developed for each research area to provide direction for research planning and resource management strategies. The results will directly benefit those groups that require biodiversity research to address their needs-whether to develop policy, manage natural resources, or make other decisions affecting biodiversity. 11 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Smythe, K.D.; Bernabo, J.C.; Carter, T.B. [Science & Policy Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States); Jutro, P.R. [Enviornmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-11-01

127

EDITORIAL: 'Best article' prize for the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters 'Best article' prize for the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To celebrate the 5th anniversary of Environmental Research Letters (ERL) the publishers of the journal, IOP Publishing, have awarded a prize for the five best articles published in ERL since the journal began in 2006. The procedure for deciding the winning articles was as thorough as possible to ensure that the most outstanding articles would win the prize. A shortlist of 25 nominated research articles, five for each year since ERL was launched, which were chosen based on a range of criteria including novelty, scientific impact, readership, broad appeal and wider media coverage, was selected. The ERL Editorial Board then assessed and rated these 25 articles in order to choose a winning article for each year. We would like to announce that the following articles have been awarded ERL's 5th anniversary best article prize: 2006/7 The Bodélé depression: a single spot in the Sahara that provides most of the mineral dust to the Amazon forest Ilan Koren, Yoram J Kaufman, Richard Washington, Martin C Todd, Yinon Rudich, J Vanderlei Martins and Daniel Rosenfeld 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014005 2008 Causes and impacts of the 2005 Amazon drought Ning Zeng, Jin-Ho Yoon, Jose A Marengo, Ajit Subramaniam, Carlos A Nobre, Annarita Mariotti and J David Neelin 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 014002 2009 How difficult is it to recover from dangerous levels of global warming? J A Lowe, C Huntingford, S C B Raper, C D Jones, S K Liddicoat and L K Gohar 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014012 2010 Is physical water scarcity a new phenomenon? Global assessment of water shortage over the last two millennia Matti Kummu, Philip J Ward, Hans de Moel and Olli Varis 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 034006 2011 Implications of urban structure on carbon consumption in metropolitan areas Jukka Heinonen and Seppo Junnila 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014018 Our congratulations go to these authors. In recognition of their outstanding work, we are delighted to offer all of the authors of the winning articles free publication in the journal until the end of 2012. Of course all of the shortlisted papers were of great merit, and the full list of nominees can be found below (in alphabetical order). Nominees Achard F, DeFries R, Eva H, Hansen M, Mayaux P and Stibig H-J 2007 Environ. Res. Lett. 2 045022 Baccini A, Laporte N, Goetz S J, Sun M and Dong H 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 045011 Barona E, Ramankutty N, Hyman G and Coomes O T 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 024002 Charpentier A D, Bergerson J A and MacLean H L 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014005 Chester M V and Horvath A 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024008 Cooley S R and Doney S C 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024007 Diffenbaugh N S, White M A, Jones G V and Ashfaq M 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 024024 Farrell A E and Brandt A R 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014004 Graham W M, Condon R H, Carmichael R H, D'Ambra I, Patterson H K, Linn L J and Hernandez F J Jr 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 045301 Hansen J E 2007 Environ. Res. Lett. 2 024002 Heinonen J and Junnila S 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014018 Jackson R B et al 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 044006 Jiang M, Michael Griffin W, Hendrickson C, Jaramillo P, VanBriesen J and Venkatesh A 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 034014 Koren I, Kaufman Y J, Washington R, Todd M C, Rudich Y, Martins J V and Rosenfeld D 2006 Environ. Res. Lett. 1 014005 Kummu M, Ward P J, de Moel H and Varis O 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 034006 Lau W K M, Kim M-K, Kim K-M and Lee W-S 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 025204 Lindeboom H J et al 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 035101 Lowe J A, Huntingford C, Raper S C B, Jones C D, Liddicoat S K and Gohar L K 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 014012 Möhler O, Benz S, Saathoff H, Schnaiter M, Wagner R, Schneider J, Walter S, Ebert V and Wagner S 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 025007 Menon S, Akbari H, Mahanama S, Sednev I and Levinson R 2010 Environ. Res. Lett. 5 014005 Schneider A, Friedl M A and Potere D 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 044003 Sloan T and Wolfendale A W 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 024001 Tedesco M, Fettweis X, van den Broeke M R, van de Wal R S W, Smeets C J P P, van de Berg W J, Serreze M C a

Kammen, Dan; Wright, Guillaume

2011-12-01

128

Consent and Research Governance in Biobanks: Evidence from Focus Groups with Medical Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010–2011. The study highlights a range of issues

E. A. Whitley; N. Kanellopoulou; J. Kaye

2012-01-01

129

Lifestyle Factors in Hypertension Drug Research: Systematic Analysis of Articles in a Leading Cochrane Report  

PubMed Central

Established standards for first-line hypertension management include lifestyle modification and behavior change. The degree to which and how lifestyle modification is systematically integrated into studies of first-line drug management for hypertension is of methodological and clinical relevance. This study systematically reviewed the methodology of articles from a recent Cochrane review that had been designed to inform first-line medical treatment of hypertension and was representative of high quality established clinical trials in the field. Source articles (n = 34) were systematically reviewed for lifestyle interventions including smoking cessation, diet, weight loss, physical activity and exercise, stress reduction, and moderate alcohol consumption. 54% of articles did not mention lifestyle modification; 46% contained nonspecific descriptions of interventions. We contend that hypertension management research trials (including drug studies) need to elucidate the benefits and risks of drug-lifestyle interaction, to support the priority of lifestyle modification, and that lifestyle modification, rather than drugs, is seen by patients and the public as a priority for health professionals. The inclusion of lifestyle modification strategies in research designs for hypertension drug trials could enhance current research, from trial efficacy to clinical outcome effectiveness, and align hypertension best practices of a range of health professionals with evidence-based knowledge translation.

Wilson, Dan E.; Van Vlack, Tashina; Schievink, Brendin P.; Doak, Eric B.; Shane, Jason S.; Dean, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

130

Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents new results from studies of plasma focus (PF) systems at the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, Russia). High efficiency of the discharge current transport into the axial region of the system was demonstrated at the PF-3 PF facility, where the experiments on implosion of wire arrays by the current carrying plasma sheath of the PF discharge were performed. The efficiency of the sheath current switching over to the wire array and penetration of the plasma with the magnetic field inside the wire array was studied. The emission parameters of the new small-sized PF facility with Wmax = 600 J were studied. When operating at frequencies of up to 10 Hz, neutron fluxes of about ? 108 neutrons s?1 were obtained. The first results in the new field of research associated with the use of the PF facilities in the laboratory simulations of astrophysical processes, such as astrophysics jets, are presented.

Krauz, Vyacheslav; Myalton, Victor; Vinogradov, Valentin; Velikhov, Evgeny; Ananyev, Sergej; Vinogradova, Yulia; Dan'ko, Sergej; Kalinin, Yury; Kanaev, Gennady; Mitrofanov, Konstantin; Mokeev, Aleksandr; Nashilevsky, Aleksandr; Nikulin, Valerii; Pastukhov, Aleksandr; Remnev, Gennady; Kharrasov, Ayrat

2014-05-01

131

Bioterrorism Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) is offering free access to a large number of its previously published articles related to bioterrorism. Among the articles are five pieces by the Working Group on Civilian Biodefense, which are focused on Anthrax, Smallpox, Plague, Botulinum Toxin, and Tularemia. The remainder of the articles are sorted by subject, including these diseases plus Ebola and Brucella, as well as Clinical Articles, Epidemiologic Investigations, articles on Preparedness, and a section devoted to Policy, Historical, and Editorial Perspectives. Articles are available in HTML or .pdf formats.

1995-01-01

132

Research school for teachers focusing on Natural Hazards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Swedish government has launched state funded research schools for teachers to improve the education and study results in schools. The research school for teachers focusing on Natural Hazards has brought together 12 teachers from all over Sweden to improve their knowledge and skills in geoscience parallel with their ordinary educational assignment. The different projects range over volcanoes, landslides, earthquakes and paleoclimatic changes. Involvement in the research process increases critical thinking and the goal is to bring a more scientific way of working back to our schools together with our specific knowledge in our research areas. The name of the ongoing project that I am working on is "Asian monsoon variability and its impact on terrestrial ecosystems in southern Thailand during the Holocene ". The Asian monsoon system is one of the most dynamic climate systems on Earth. It largely controls the climate in Asia and in the Indo-Pacific region. The main objective of this project is to reconstruct changes in the status of Nong Thale Prong in southern Thailand through the analysis of a sediment sequence. By means of this method we expect to be able to evaluate to what extent these changes are linked to known shifts in monsoon intensity and variability. The working hypothesis is that intervals dominated by intense summer monsoon and higher precipitation resulted in higher catchment run-off and an increased input of terrestrial plant material to the lakes. In contrast, open catchment vegetation and less input of terrestrial organic material are signs of a weaker summer monsoon and a stronger northeast monsoon.

Bredberg, Camilla

2014-05-01

133

THE EMERGING FOCUS ON LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT IN THE U. S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: JOURNAL ARTICLE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRML-1126A Curran*, M.A. The Emerging Focus on Life-Cycle Assessment in the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3rd Dixy Lee Ray memorial Sym, Washington, DC, 12/29-31/00. Techology: Journal of the Franklin Institute (Moghissi, A.A. (Ed.)) 8:287-290 (2002). EPA/600/J-02/239,...

134

On What Diseases and Health Conditions Should New Economic Research on Health and Development Focus?  

PubMed Central

Given the public goods nature of research, economic research on health in developing countries is likely to have the highest returns by focusing, inter alia, on diseases and health conditions that are relatively widespread and costly and that are relatively rapidly growing. This article first summarizes the time patterns in economic research on diseases and health in developing countries for 1990–2005. It then compares those time patterns with the distribution of DALYS for diseases and health conditions in developing countries estimated for 2005 and for 2030. These comparisons suggest relatively overemphasis on HIV/AIDS and underemphasis on noncommunicable diseases. This opens the possibility for individuals or organizations initiating, re-evaluating or increasing their economic research on health and development to make a significant contribution by focusing particularly on the analysis of behaviour and policy choices related to non-communicable diseases. Careful consideration must, of course, be given to other demands, but on the basis of these two criteria, potential contributions are likely to be greatest from research with such a focus.

Behrman, Jere R.; Behrman, Julia A.; Perez, Nykia M.

2010-01-01

135

Plutonium Focus Area research and development plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) committed to a research and development program to support the technology needs for converting and stabilizing its nuclear materials for safe storage. The R and D Plan addresses five of the six material categories from the 94-1 Implementation Plan: plutonium (Pu) solutions, plutonium metals and oxides, plutonium residues, highly enriched uranium, and special isotopes. R and D efforts related to spent nuclear fuel (SNF) stabilization were specifically excluded from this plan. This updated plan has narrowed the focus to more effectively target specific problem areas by incorporating results form trade studies. Specifically, the trade studies involved salt; ash; sand, slag, and crucible (SS and C); combustibles; and scrub alloy. The plan anticipates possible disposition paths for nuclear materials and identifies resulting research requirements. These requirements may change as disposition paths become more certain. Thus, this plan represents a snapshot of the current progress and will continue to be updated on a regular basis. The paper discusses progress in safeguards and security, plutonium stabilization, special isotopes stabilization, highly-enriched uranium stabilization--MSRE remediation project, storage technologies, engineered systems, core technology, and proposed DOE/Russian technology exchange projects.

NONE

1996-11-01

136

ARTICLES: Thermooptic distortions and large-scale self-focusing in active elements of high-power laser systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mechanisms of thermooptic distortions in active elements, which are important in the case of athermal glasses, are investigated theoretically for the first time. Detailed studies are made of the deformation of the end surfaces of active elements of rectangular and circular cross sections subject to an allowance for the specific pumping conditions near the ends. A numerical modeling allowing for thermooptic distortions and large-scale focusing is reported: it reveals characteristics of the divergence of high-power laser radiation in an amplifier with an active element of rectangular cross section.

Tikhonov, Alexander N.; Arsenin, V. Ya; Pavlov, V. I.; Pergament, A. Kh; Chernyak, V. M.

1984-09-01

137

Overview of the VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) and QUERI theme articles: QUERI Series  

PubMed Central

Background Continuing challenges to timely adoption of evidence-based clinical practices in healthcare have generated intense interest in the development and application of new implementation methods and frameworks. These challenges led the United States (U.S.) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to create the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) in the late 1990s. QUERI's purpose was to harness VA's health services research expertise and resources in an ongoing system-wide effort to improve the performance of the VA healthcare system and, thus, quality of care for veterans. QUERI in turn created a systematic means of involving VA researchers both in enhancing VA healthcare quality, by implementing evidence-based practices, and in contributing to the continuing development of implementation science. The efforts of VA researchers to improve healthcare delivery practices through QUERI and related initiatives are documented in a growing body of literature. The scientific frameworks and methodological approaches developed and employed by QUERI are less well described. A QUERI Series of articles in Implementation Science will illustrate many of these QUERI tools. This Overview article introduces both QUERI and the Series. Methods The Overview briefly explains the purpose and context of the QUERI Program. It then describes the following: the key operational structure of QUERI Centers, guiding frameworks designed to enhance implementation and related research, QUERI's progress and promise to date, and the Series' general content. QUERI's frameworks include a core set of steps for diagnosing and closing quality gaps and, simultaneously, advancing implementation science. Throughout the paper, the envisioned involvement and activities of VA researchers within QUERI Centers also are highlighted. The Series is then described, illustrating the use of QUERI frameworks and other tools designed to respond to implementation challenges. Conclusion QUERI's simultaneous pursuit of improvement and research goals within a large healthcare system may be unique. However, descriptions of this still-evolving effort, including its conceptual frameworks, methodological approaches, and enabling processes, should have applicability to implementation researchers in a range of health care settings. Thus, the Series is offered as a resource for other implementation research programs and researchers pursuing common goals in improving care and developing the field of implementation science.

Stetler, Cheryl B; Mittman, Brian S; Francis, Joseph

2008-01-01

138

Recommended Strain Gage Application Procedures for Various Langley Research Center Balances and Test Articles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Langley Research Center uses more than 10000 strain gages per year in supporting its various research programs. The character of the testing at LaRC is such that the types of strain gage installations, the materials they are applied to, and the test environments encountered, require many varied approaches for installing strain gages. These installations must be accomplished in the most technically discerning and appropriate manner. This technical memorandum is offered as an assisting guide in helping the strain gage user to determine the appropriate approach for a given strain gage application requirement. Specifically, this document offers detailed recommendations for strain gaging the following: LaRC-Designed balances, LARC custom transducers, certain composite materials and alloys, high-temperature test articles, and selected non-typical or unique materials or test conditions.

Moore, Thomas C., Sr.

1997-01-01

139

General-interest versus specialty journals: Using intellectual influence of econometrics research to rank economics journals and articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates the potential problem in using existing economics journal rankings to evaluate the research productivity of scholars by constructing a new ranking of economics journals and articles. Based on 2142 econometrics sample articles published from 2000 to 2005, our ranking results show that the intellectual influence of an econometrics article published in several econometrics|statistics journals is much higher

Yong Bao; Melody Lo; Franklin G. Mixon

2010-01-01

140

Converging Research Needs Across Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Articles: Making Research Relevant to Global Tobacco Control Practice and Policy  

PubMed Central

Much of the research used to support the ratification of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was conducted in high-income countries or in highly controlled environments. Therefore, for the global tobacco control community to make informed decisions that will continue to effectively inform policy implementation, it is critical that the tobacco control community, policy makers, and funders have updated information on the state of the science as it pertains to provisions of the FCTC. Following the National Cancer Institute’s process model used in identifying the research needs of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s relatively new tobacco law, a core team of scientists from the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco identified and commissioned internationally recognized scientific experts on the topics covered within the FCTC. These experts analyzed the relevant sections of the FCTC and identified critical gaps in research that is needed to inform policy and practice requirements of the FCTC. This paper summarizes the process and the common themes from the experts’ recommendations about the research and related infrastructural needs. Research priorities in common across Articles include improving surveillance, fostering research communication/collaboration across organizations and across countries, and tracking tobacco industry activities. In addition, expanding research relevant to low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), was also identified as a priority, including identification of what existing research findings are transferable, what new country-specific data are needed, and the infrastructure needed to implement and disseminate research so as to inform policy in LMIC.

2013-01-01

141

Biomedical research platforms and their influence on article submissions and journal rankings: An update.  

PubMed Central

After being indexed in 2006 in EMBASE/Excerpta Medica and Scopus, and later in Science Citation Index Expanded and Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition citation databases, Biochemia Medica launched a new web page and online manuscript submission system in 2010, and celebrated its first Impact Factor in the same year. Now, starting from the end of the 2011, the journal will also be indexed in PubMed/Medline, and this will contribute to increase the journal’s exposure and accessibility worldwide. This is an important breakthrough, which is expected to further increase the popularity of the journal, as well as the submission rate and citations. Although several tools are currently available as Web resources to retrieve scientific articles, whose functioning and basic criteria are thought to be rather similar, the functionality, coverage, notoriety and prominence may differ widely. The recent indexing of Biochemia Medica in PubMed/Medline has thereby given us the opportunity to provide a timely update on biomedical research platforms, their relationship with article submissions and journal rankings.

Lippi, Giuseppe; Favaloro, Emmanuel J; Simundic, Ana-Maria

2012-01-01

142

Bringing a Research Focus into the Teaching Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a preliminary look at a study on research by teachers. Participants were teachers in Melbourne, Australia, involved in the Project for Enhancing Effective Learning (PEEL) who were interested in designing, conducting, and reporting teacher-led research. Section 1 of the paper explores the last 10 years of teacher research as part of…

Northfield, Jeff; Mitchell, Ian

143

Near minimum-time maneuvers of the advanced space structures technology research experiment (ASTREX) test article: Theory and experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Phillips Laboratory at the Edwards Air Force Base has developed the Advanced Space Structures Technology Research Experiment (ASTREX) facility to serve as a testbed for demonstrating the applicability of proven theories to the challenges of spacecraft maneuvers and structural control. This report describes the work performed on the ASTREX test article by Texas A&M University under contract NAS119373 as a part of the Control-Structure Interaction (CSI) Guest Investigator Program. The focus of this work is on maneuvering the ASTREX test article with compressed air thrusters that can be throttled, while attenuating structural excitation. The theoretical foundation for designing the near minimum-time thrust commands is based on the generation of smooth, parameterized optimal open-loop control profiles, and the determination of control laws for final position regulation and tracking using Lyapunov stability theory. Details of the theory, mathematical modeling, model updating, and compensation for the presence of 'real world' effects are described and the experimental results are presented. The results show an excellent match between theory and experiments.

Vadali, Srinivas R.; Carter, Michael T.

1994-01-01

144

In Focus Online  

MedlinePLUS

... P rofessionals & Researchers Funded Grants Applications and Forms Foundation Written Articles Clinical Trials Eye Conditions Resources R ... Releases In Focus in focus Online Multimedia Conferences Foundation News J oin the Fight Donate Other Ways ...

145

Air Force Research Laboratory's focused long term challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) mission is to provide support to the Air Force (AF) and the warfighters with an understanding of the science and technology that will form the foundation of future capabilities. AFRL has developed a strategic research and development process that translates the Department of Defense future capability needs into mid-term attributes, described in terms of

Leo J. Rose

2008-01-01

146

Air Force Research Laboratory's Focused Long Term Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) mission is to provide support to the Air Force (AF) and the warfighters with an understanding of the science and technology that will form the foundation of future capabilities. AFRL has developed a strategic research and development process that translates the Department of Defense future capability needs into mid-term attributes, described in terms of

Leo J Rose

147

Threshold Concepts: A Point of Focus for Practitioner Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants with teaching and research experience across eight disciplinary areas were introduced to the idea of "threshold concepts" and were then invited to identify potential threshold concepts in their own disciplines through small-scale research activities. Participants conceptualized their involvement in different ways: for some it provided…

Irvine, Naomi; Carmichael, Patrick

2009-01-01

148

Review Article: A Tree in the Wood--A Review of Research on L2 Chinese Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been considerable research in Chinese as a second language (L2) in recent years, particularly in its morphological and syntactic aspects. This article reviews research in these aspects with reference to the broader discipline of second language acquisition (SLA) and suggests that L2 Chinese research has contributed to SLA through…

Zhao, Yang

2011-01-01

149

Fast High-Energy Switch Development for Plasma Focus Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the dense plasma focus it is important to maximize the delivered current. Through impedance matching considerations, it is evident that this requires higher voltage operation instead of increased capacitance for higher energy systems. Graded vacuum switches have been used with dc charged 50-kV, 10-kJ capacitor modules and with pulsed charged 50-kV, 17.5-kJ swinging Marx capacitor modules with good operation.

J. P. Carpenter; A. H. Williams; K. D. Ware; P. J. Bottoms; J. W. Mather

1971-01-01

150

Airbreathing Hypersonic Systems Focus at NASA Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents the status of the airbreathing hypersonic airplane and space-access vehicle design matrix, reflects on the synergies and issues, and indicates the thrust of the effort to resolve the design matrix and to focus/advance systems technology maturation. Priority is given to the design of the vision operational vehicles followed by flow-down requirements to flight demonstrator vehicles and their design for eventual consideration in the Future-X Program.

Hunt, James L.; Rausch, Vincent L.

1998-01-01

151

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

In September of 1987 the United States, along with 26 other countries, signed a landmark treaty to limit and subsequently, through revisions, phase out the production of all significant ozone depleting substances. Many researchers suspected that these chemicals, especially chl...

152

[Embryonic stem cell research in Brazil and the (un)constitutionality of article 5 of the biosafety act (Part I)].  

PubMed

The Brazilian Law on Biosafety was approved on March 2005. Subsequently, in May of this same year, the Attorney General of the Republic filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutional grounds of article 5 of the aforementioned Law. This article allows the use of embryonic stem cells in research and therapies obtained from surplus human embryos from techniques of in vitro fertilisations. PMID:18942511

de Sá, Maria de Fátima Freire; de Oliveiro Naves, Bruno Torquato

2008-01-01

153

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

154

A FEMINIST CRITIQUE OF ARTICLES ABOUT WOMEN PUBLISHED IN THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND PRACTICE : 1990-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

This feminist critique of articles published about women in the Journal of Community College Research and Practice from 1990 to 2000 considers the extent to which they use feminist literature, frameworks, and methodology. The authors interrogate these articles' findings and the implications drawn from them asking whether they serve feminist goals of social change, women's emancipation, and institutional transformation. The

Lynn Safarik; Jennifer R. Wolgemuth; Nathalie L. Kees

2003-01-01

155

A Country in Focus: Foreign Language Learning and Teaching in Germany--A Review of Empirical Research Literature from 2005 to 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the empirical research literature on foreign language (FL) learning and teaching published between 2005 and 2010 in Germany. It focuses on the empirical studies that have attracted the greatest interest among researchers during this period of time. These include research on educational standards, teacher education, early FL…

Finkbeiner, Claudia; Olson, Agnes Madeleine; Friedrich, Jennifer

2013-01-01

156

"Ganando Confianza": Research Focus Groups with Immigrant Mexican Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigrant families with children with developmental disabilities must be served using culturally sensitive approaches to service and research to maximize treatment benefits. In an effort to better understand cultural issues relevant to the provision of parenting programs for immigrant Mexican mothers of children with developmental disabilities, we…

Hausmann-Stabile, Carolina; Zayas, Luis H.; Runes, Sandra; Abenis-Cintron, Anna; Calzada, Esther

2011-01-01

157

Changes to English as an Additional Language Writers' Research Articles: From Spoken to Written Register  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of writing journal articles is increasingly being seen as a collaborative process, especially where the authors are English as an Additional Language (EAL) academics. This study examines the changes made in terms of register to EAL writers' journal articles by a native-speaker writing centre advisor at a private university in Turkey.…

Koyalan, Aylin; Mumford, Simon

2011-01-01

158

Family-Focused Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review of the Utility of Family Systems Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family member with an autism spectrum disorder presents pervasive and bidirectional influences on the entire family system, suggesting a need for family-focused autism spectrum disorder research. While there has been increasing interest in this research area, family-focused autism spectrum disorder research can still be considered relatively…

Cridland, Elizabeth K.; Jones, Sandra C.; Magee, Christopher A.; Caputi, Peter

2014-01-01

159

Focus Groups in Qualitative Research: Culturally Sensitive Methodology for the Arabian Gulf?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores whether focus groups can constitute a culturally sensitive method of data gathering for educational leadership, management and related areas in a Gulf-Arab cultural context. Reviewing the literature on focus groups and cross-cultural psychology for the Arab region, it identifies key notions related to societal values such as…

Thomas, Andrew

2008-01-01

160

The most frequently cited adsorption research articles in the Science Citation Index (Expanded).  

PubMed

The 126 most frequently cited articles published in the adsorption field between 1900 and 2011 were identified and characterized using the Science Citation Index (Expanded). The data analyzed cover a range of publication years, journals, Web of Science categories, authors, institutions, countries/territories, life citation cycle curves, and characteristics of frequently cited articles. The 126 most-frequently-cited articles were each cited an average of 1014 times, ranging from 502 to 9922 citations per article from 1918 to 2006; 80% of these articles were published after 1970. Fifty-five journals were represented, led by the Journal of the American Chemical Society, and followed by Science and Nature. Three categories out of the 35 Web of Science categories constituted 60% of the citations. The three categories were: physical chemistry, multidisciplinary chemistry, and multidisciplinary sciences. Thirteen of the authors contributed three or more articles. Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Washington led the list of 107 institutions, while the United States led the list of 17 countries/territories, comprising more than half of the articles. Collaboration among the top authors was a frequent occurrence, while inter-institutional collaboration and national collaboration was not obvious among the topmost articles. Moreover, the citation patterns as a function of time varied widely among the topmost articles. As evidenced by citation life cycles, the well known BET and Langmuir isotherms have received considerable attention during the study period, and will probably continue to be popular in the adsorption field. Some emerging hotspots are likely to receive particular attention in the near future; these include the new family of "M41S" materials, pseudo-second-order kinetic models, and the nudged elastic band method. PMID:22608849

Fu, Hui-Zhen; Wang, Ming-Huang; Ho, Yuh-Shan

2012-08-01

161

Global Change Research: A Focus on Mountain Ecosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, visitors can learn about the nine year research project that the U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and the University of Montana are conducting at Glacier National Park to determine how the mountain wilderness has responded to climatic variability and other external stressors. Visitors can learn how, based on their climate variability models, future climate scenarios will affect various watersheds in the area. Users can learn about the Brewer spectrophotometer, which collects UV-B radiation data to determine the possible patterns associated with the thinning of the ozone layers. The Web site also discusses how glaciers have already changed due to current warming conditions and how this affects the system as a whole. By visiting Grinnell Glacier Photo Gallery, everyone can observe how the glaciers have receded in the last one hundred years.

162

ARTICLE WATCH  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Hartwell Center, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, 332 North Lauderdale St., Memphis TN 38105-2794. Tel: (901) 495-4844; Fax: (901) 495-2945; email: Clive.Slaughter@stjude.org or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer’s opinions and not necessarily those of the Association.

2007-01-01

163

Online research article discussion board to increase knowledge translation during emergency medicine residency  

PubMed Central

Background Many clinicians have difficulties reading current best practice journal articles on a regular basis. Discussion boards are one method of online asynchronous learning that facilitates active learning and participation. We hypothesized that an online repository of best practice articles with a discussion board would increase journal article reading by emergency medicine residents. Methods Participants answered three questions weekly on a discussion board: What question does this study address? What does this study add to our knowledge? How might this change clinical practice? A survey regarding perceived barriers to participating was then distributed. Results Most participants completed an article summary once or twice in total (23/32, 71.9%). Only three were involved most weeks (3/32, 9.4%) whereas 5/32 (15.6%) participated monthly. The most common barriers were lack of time (20/32, 62.5%), difficulty logging on (7/32, 21.9%), and forgetting (6/32, 18.8%). Conclusion Although subjects were provided weekly with an article link, email, and feedback, journal article reading frequency did not increase.

Stoneking, Lisa R; Grall, Kristi H; Min, Alice A; Panchal, Ashish R

2013-01-01

164

Upgrading Our EPO Through Focused Astronomy Education Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Not so long ago, astronomers visiting schools in Hawaii tried to build awareness among school children and teachers about how stars move across the sky, the nature of planets orbiting our sun, and the physical processes governing stars and galaxies. While these efforts were undertaken with all good intentions, they were often based on our collective understanding of how Mainland children come to know astronomy topics, and with a Western worldview. Research observations of Hawaiian elementary school children indicate that Hawaiian children understand far more about the skies than could have been predicted from the behavior of Mainland children, or from the body of literature on children's understanding of astronomy. Analysis of elementary students’ responses to a kumu's, or teacher's questions relating to the celestial sphere indicate that these students posses a deep knowledge of the night sky and celestial motions. This knowledge base is fluent across two cultural systems of constellations, and is predictive. In an era of curriculum development based upon learning progressions, it appears that Native Hawaiian students possess unexpected knowledge that is well poised to interfere with conventional educational and public outreach approaches if not taken into account. Further, these findings suggest that further inquiry must be made into the astronomical thinking of minority populations prior to the unilateral implementation of national science education standards.

Slater, Stephanie J.; Dye, A.

2012-01-01

165

Computer science research articles: the locations of different section types, and a proposal for standardization in the structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of the structure of computer science research articles published in the Lecture Notes of Computer\\u000a Science series. While it is clear that most articles start with an Introduction and end with a Conclusion, the structure of\\u000a text between these two sections is rather diverse. We studied the positions of different section types, and analysed dependencies

Konstantin Hyppönen; Vivian Michael Paganuzzi

2010-01-01

166

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

167

Using Focus Groups in Community-Based Participatory Research: Challenges and Resolutions  

PubMed Central

A community-based participatory approach requires that community members be involved in all phases of the research process. We describe three focus group studies with American Indians in Kansas and Missouri, using a newly developed method of conducting and analyzing focus groups with community input (72 focus groups, 519 participants). We conducted two needs assessment studies focused on barriers to breast and colorectal cancer screening and one study focused on Internet use for gathering health information. Community members and researchers collaborated to develop guides for the focus group moderators. Community organizations and our community advisory board conducted recruitment, and we trained and employed community members as moderators, assistant moderators, and analysts. Our community partners also helped with dissemination of research findings to their constituents. The methodologic approach and data from these three studies will allow us to more appropriately address health disparities in the American Indian community, with full community support for our research.

Daley, Christine Makosky; James, Aimee S.; Ulrey, Ezekiel; Joseph, Stephanie; Talawyma, Angelia; Choi, Won S.; Greiner, K. Allen; Coe, M. Kathryn

2010-01-01

168

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 6, Issue D  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Focus on Basics" is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. "Focus on Basics" is dedicated to…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

2004-01-01

169

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. Volume 7, Issue A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus on Basics is the quarterly publication of the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy. It presents best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used by adult basic education teachers, counselors, program administrators, and policymakers. Focus on Basics is dedicated to connecting…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL), Harvard University, 2004

2004-01-01

170

Why Does My Cruorine Change Color? Using Classic Research Articles To Teach Biochemistry Topics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the spectroscopic study by G.G. Stokes of the reversible "oxidation and reduction" of hemoglobin to illustrate how a series of open-ended group assignments and associated classroom demonstrations can be built around a single article in a way that integrates and illuminates basic concepts. (Author/MM)

White, Harold B., III

2001-01-01

171

Academic Vocabulary in Agriculture Research Articles: A Corpus-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent critical views on the usefulness of a general academic vocabulary have heightened the relevance of developing discipline specific academic wordlists to meet the needs of non-native English writers who must read and publish articles in English. Using Coxhead's (2000) Academic Word List, we set out to identify the academic words in a corpus…

Martinez, Iliana A.; Beck, Silvia C.; Panza, Carolina B.

2009-01-01

172

Interacting with the Reader: Politeness Strategies in Engineering Research Article Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The writer's strategy to combine the exposition of factual information with personal judgement and interaction with the reader has been analysed in a number of studies (Hunston, 1994; Hyland, 1998a, 1998b; Latour and Woolgar, 1979; Skelton, 1997). Myers' studies (1989, 1992) on the pragmatics of politeness in scientific articles analyse politeness…

Salom, Luz Gil; Monreal, Carmen Soler

2009-01-01

173

Policy, Practice in Giftedness, and Research Methodologies: Response to Roland S. Persson's Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author finds the target article "Cultural Variation and Dominance in a Globalised Knowledge Economy" to be a thoughtful exploration of an important topic for all social scientists, certainly including those who study gifted development and education. Roland S. Persson (2012a) raises many questions about policy and practice in giftedness…

Matthews, Dona J.

2012-01-01

174

College Reading Research and Practice: Articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 27 articles from "The Journal of College Literacy and Learning," a peer-reviewed journal (formerly the "Forum for Reading") produced by the International Reading Association's College Literacy and Learning Special Interest Group. Following "Foreword" (Donna E. Alvermann) and "Introduction" (Eric J. Paulson; Michael E. Laine;…

Paulson, Eric J., Ed.; Laine, Michaeline E., Ed.; Biggs, Shirley A., Ed.; Bullock, Terry L., Ed.

175

Stance and Engagement in Pure Mathematics Research Articles: Linking Discourse Features to Disciplinary Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent ESP research into academic writing has shown how writers convey their stance and interact with readers across different disciplines. However, little research has been carried out into the disciplinary writing practices of the pure mathematics academic community from an ESP genre analysis perspective. This study begins to address this gap by…

McGrath, Lisa; Kuteeva, Maria

2012-01-01

176

Collection of NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Articles that Address Research on Marijuana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NDIA) supports more than 85 percent of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction, NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abu...

2003-01-01

177

Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles that Address Research on Methamphetamine. Revised October 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2010-01-01

178

Volume 8, Issue2 (April\\/June 2005)Articles in the Current Issue:Research ArticleBeyond NIMBYism: towards an integrated framework for understanding public perceptions of wind energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely recognised that public acceptability often poses a barrier towards renewable energy development. This article reviews existing research on public perceptions of wind energy, where opposition is typically characterized by the NIMBY (not in my back yard) concept. The objectives of the article are to provide a critical assessment of past research and an integrated, multidimensional framework to

Patrick Devine-Wright

2005-01-01

179

Genre Analysis: Structural and Linguistic Evolution of the English-Medium Medical Research Article (1985-2004)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a corpus-based genre analysis of the structural and linguistic evolution of medical research articles (RAs) written in English. Towards that end, we analyzed the frequency of occurrence of the 11 moves identified by Nwogu (1997), of the three most frequently used verb tenses (simple past, simple present and present perfect) and…

Li, Li-Juan; Ge, Guang-Chun

2009-01-01

180

When Is It Acceptable to Make Prescriptive Statements in Educational Research Articles? Commentary on the Special Issue Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commentary considers when it is acceptable to make prescriptive statements in educational research articles. It begins with a consensus view, agreeing with the analysis offered by Marley and Levin (Educational Psychology Review, 2011), that experimental evidence is necessary. Other forms of evidence are considered (e.g., observational,…

Yussen, Steven R.

2011-01-01

181

Apprentice Scholarly Writing in a Community of Practice: An Intraview of an NNES Graduate Student Writing a Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about what an apprentice scholar in a non-Anglophone context undergoes when writing a research article for publication in English-medium journals. This study highlights "a rich notion of agency" by examining a nonnative-English-speaking graduate student's engagement with his "community of practice" (Lave & Wenger, 1991; Wenger,…

Li, Yongyan

2007-01-01

182

A Genre-based Analysis of English Research Article Abstracts and the Linguistic Feature of Personal Pronouns for Financial Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an empirical study of move structures and personal pronouns of fifty English RA (research article) abstracts based on the model of Bhatia (1990). It revealed that three other move patterns were ascertained besides ten out of the analyzed abstracts following his move order. The analysis of personal pronouns showed that…

Ning, Zhen-ye

2008-01-01

183

A Generic Analysis of English Research Article Abstracts and the Use of Modal Verbs for Financial Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a generic study of schematic structures and the use of modal verbs of 50 English Research Article (RA) abstracts. With Bhatia's (1990) model as the framework, three other move patterns were obtained besides the normal move order. The density of modal verbs varies greatly from move to move with significant differences in the frequency…

Chen, Jie

2010-01-01

184

The Evolutionary Nature of Genre: An Investigation of the Short Texts Accompanying Research Articles in the Scientific Journal "Nature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present empirical analysis of the short texts accompanying research articles in the scientific journal "Nature" covering a period from 1991 to 2005, not only shows that these texts are significantly different from prescriptive models of abstracts, but that they have also recently undergone a further change. Up until 1996, in contrast to the…

Ayers, Gael

2008-01-01

185

The Reliability of Evidence Contained in the National Qualifications Framework Impact Study: A Critical Reflection--Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on the reliability of the evidence contained in the National Qualifications Framework Impact Study, a longitudinal comparative study conducted by the South African Qualifications Authority since 2002. In so doing, the veracity of evidence-based research in determining the impact of the South African Qualifications Framework…

Higgs, Philip; Keevy, James

2007-01-01

186

Research Councils: Buffers under Cross Pressures. A Commentary on Pim Fenger's Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One educator criticizes another's characterization (HE 530 510) of national research councils as part of a linear multitiered structure, interpretation of the roles of two British councils, and assumptions about decision-making and policy-setting processes. (MSE)

Kogan, Maurice

1992-01-01

187

Overview of the VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) and QUERI theme articles: QUERI Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Continuing challenges to timely adoption of evidence-based clinical practices in healthcare have generated intense interest in the development and application of new implementation methods and frameworks. These challenges led the United States (U.S.) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to create the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) in the late 1990s. QUERI's purpose was to harness VA's health services research

Cheryl B. Stetler; Brian S. Mittman; Joseph Francis

2008-01-01

188

Interviewing women bereaved by homicide: assessing the impact of trauma-focused research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been few empirical studies that assess the impact of participation in trauma-focused research. To contribute to growing knowledge in this area, this study assessed the effects of research participation among 14 women who had been bereaved by homicide. An adapted version of the Response to Research Participation Questionnaire (RRPQ) was implemented as part of a wider study exploring

Anna Gekoski; Jacqueline M. Gray; Joanna R. Adler

2012-01-01

189

Interviewing women bereaved by homicide: assessing the impact of trauma-focused research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been few empirical studies that assess the impact of participation in trauma-focused research. To contribute to growing knowledge in this area, this study assessed the effects of research participation among 14 women who had been bereaved by homicide. An adapted version of the Response to Research Participation Questionnaire (RRPQ) was implemented as part of a wider study exploring

Anna Gekoski; Jacqueline M. Gray; Joanna R. Adler

2011-01-01

190

The 1991/92 graduate student researchers program, including the underrepresented minority focus component  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Graduate Student Research Program (GSRP) was expanded in 1987 to include the Underrepresented Minority Focus Component (UMFC). This program was designed to increase minority participation in graduate study and research, and ultimately, in space science and aerospace technology careers. This booklet presents the areas of research activities at NASA facilities for the GSRP and summarizes and presents the objectives of the UMFC.

1991-01-01

191

Research Focus and Methodological Choices in Studies into Students' Experiences of Blended Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reviews representative research into blended learning in universities, taking into account the methodology used, the focus of the research and the relationship between the two. In terms of methodology, most research was classifiable as case-studies, survey-based studies or comparative studies. A small number of studies take a…

Bliuc, Ana-Maria; Goodyear, Peter; Ellis, Robert A.

2007-01-01

192

A Response to an Article Published in "Educational Research"'s Special Issue on Assessment (June 2009). What Can Be Inferred about Classification Accuracy from Classification Consistency?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A recent article published in "Educational Research" on the reliability of results in National Curriculum testing in England (Newton, "The reliability of results from national curriculum testing in England," "Educational Research" 51, no. 2: 181-212, 2009) suggested that: (1) classification accuracy can be calculated from…

Bramley, Tom

2010-01-01

193

Focus on Basics, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Together, these four newsletters contain 36 articles devoted to adult literacy research and practice and the relationship between them. The following articles are included: "A Productive Partnership" (Richard J. Murnane, Bob Bickerton); "Welcome to 'Focus on Basics'" (Barbara Garner); "Applying Research on the Last Frontier" (Karen Backlund, Kathy…

Focus on Basics, 1997

1997-01-01

194

Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice: Workplace Education, Volume 7, Issue B  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on workplace education and includes the following articles: "After the Grant Is Over" (Connie Nelson); "Around to Stay" (Shirley Penn and Mary Zorn); "A Conversation with FOB: What Benefits Does Workplace Ed Offer the Provider?"; "Reading Work" (Tracy Defoe and Sue Folinsbee); "Much More than ABE" (Don Block and Lori…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 2004

2004-01-01

195

An analysis of the development and use of theory in library and information science research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies the state and characteristics of theoretical research in library and information science journals by examining the number and the quality of theory incidents. Theory incident is characterized as an event in which the author contributes to the development or the use of theory in his\\/her own paper. This study assumes that both theory building and theory use

Sung-Jin Kim; Dong Y. Jeong

2006-01-01

196

Method Sections of Management Research Articles: A Pedagogically Motivated Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notwithstanding the voluminous literature devoted to research genres, more investigation needs to be conducted to demonstrate the pedagogical significance of studying linguistic features in relation to communicative functions. Motivated by a concern for the pedagogical applicability of genre analysis, this paper investigates the extent to which…

Lim, Jason Miin Hwa

2006-01-01

197

Review Article: Recent Publications on Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central goal of the field of second language acquisition (SLA) is to describe and explain how second language learners acquire the target language. In order to achieve this goal, SLA researchers work with second language data, which can take a variety of forms, including (but not limited to) such commonly used methods as naturalistic…

Ionin, Tania

2013-01-01

198

A Corpus-Based Approach to Online Materials Development for Writing Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been increasing interest in the possible applications of corpora to both linguistic research and pedagogy. This study takes a corpus-based, genre-analytic approach to discipline-specific materials development. Combining corpus analysis with genre analysis makes it possible to develop teaching materials that are not only authentic but…

Chang, Ching-Fen; Kuo, Chih-Hua

2011-01-01

199

ARTICLE The Flatworm Planaria as a Toxicology and Behavioral Pharmacology Animal Model in Undergraduate Research Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we describe a series of simple protocols using planaria as an animal model in toxicology and behavioral pharmacology. These procedures have proven useful to provide significant research experience to undergraduate students, including coauthorship in peer-reviewed publications. The methods described in this work have proven useful to allow students to visualize concepts related to concentration-effect curves for toxicity

Tamara Coudron; Tanvi Kaneria

200

The Storage and Use of Biological Tissue Samples from Minors for Research: A Focus Group Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic research on pediatric stored tissue samples raises specific ethical questions that differ from those raised when adults are the donors. To investigate opinions on this matter, we conducted 10 focus group discussions. Five focus groups were conducted with adult participants and 5 had teenage participants between 15 and 19 years old. The discussions were analyzed with NVIVO 8 (qualitative

K. Hens; H. Nys; J.-J. Cassiman; K. Dierickx

2011-01-01

201

Rural Community Input to School District Strategic Planning: An Action Research Model Using Focus Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rural superintendent used action research principles in conducting a series of focus groups with community members, students, and staff. The focus group data informed strategic planning. At the end of a carefully designed process, district administrators found more agreement among residents than they had expected. Community members were grateful…

Winand, Brent L.; Edlefson, Carla

2008-01-01

202

Focus groups as a qualitative method for crosscultural research in social gerontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus group approach for collecting qualitative data can be usefully applied in social gerontological studies, both in a single setting and cross-culturally. The experiences of the research terms participating in the Comparative Study of Asian Elderly in employing focus groups are described, and their advantages and disadvantages as a general method for gathering basic qualitative data are discussed. While

John Knodel

1995-01-01

203

Strategies actually employed during response-focused emotion regulation research: Affective and physiological consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing internal validity concerns in emotion regulation research, the present experiment was primarily designed to determine whether research participants are compliant when asked to use a response-focused strategy during emotional film viewing or whether these individuals incorporate the use of antecedent strategies. The influence of antecedent vs. response-focused strategy use on self-reported affect, physiological, and behavioural data were additionally investigated.

Heath A. Demaree; Jennifer L. Robinson; Jie Pu; John J. B. Allen

2006-01-01

204

Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

205

Establishing a research agenda for scientific and technical information (STI) - Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report addresses the relationship between library science and information science theory and practice, between the development of conceptual understanding, and the practical competence of information professionals. Consideration is given to the concept of research, linking theory with practice, and the reality of theory based practice. Attention is given to the need for research and research priorities, focus on the user and information-seeking behavior, and a user-oriented research agenda for STI.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

206

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address Research on Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research. Revised July 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2009-01-01

207

RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

208

APS Summer Research Teachers Convene to Focus on Enhancing Effective Classroom Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article is on pages 187-188 of the PDF file. As part of the year-long 2011 Frontiers in Physiology Fellowship program, 16 enthusiastic science teachers from across the nation took a weeklong break from their summer research experience in APS membersÃÂ research laboratories in July. The research teachers (RTs) convened for the ÃÂAPS Science Teaching Forum,ÃÂ an intensive week-long workshop retreat at the Airlie Center in Warrenton, VA.

APS Education Office (American Physiological Society Education Office)

2011-10-01

209

Stem cell research: a target article collection: Part III--determining moral status.  

PubMed

In this chapter, I review some of the background thinking concerning matters of moral status that I had developed in previous years and that I would now bring to the work of the Human Embryo Research Panel. Two ideas were at the forefront of my thinking. First, that biology usually offers not decisive "events" but only continuous processes of development. Second, in making status determinations we do not so much "identify" a point on a developmental continuum where moral respect should be accorded as "choose" that point. These choices are "balancing decisions" in which the community of moral agents weighs its interests in protecting an entity against the burdens of doing so. After illustrating these two contentions, I consider some of the reasons why thinkers on the "right" and "left" of our bioethics debates have resisted or missed this basic insight. PMID:12085936

Green, Ronald M

2002-01-01

210

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AS A NEW STRATEGIC FOCUS FOR USEPA'S ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The USEPA's Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its ecological research program (ERP). Recognizing that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality and ov...

211

Ecosystem Services: New strategic focus for US EPA?s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

212

Ecosystem Services: Priority strategic focus for U.S. EPA?s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Research Program (ERP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vitality, and...

213

Ecosystem Services: Developing strategic focus for U.S. EPA?s Ecological Research Program  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. EPA?s Office of Research and Development has made ecosystem services the new strategic focus for its Ecological Services Research Program (ESRP). Understanding that the protection and enhancement of ecosystem services can help maintain and improve human health, economic vit...

214

Transformation of a Mathematics Department's Teaching and Research Through a Focus on Computational Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Undergraduate teaching that focuses on student-driven research, mentored by research active faculty, can have a powerful effect in bringing relevance and cohesiveness to a department's programs. We describe and discuss such a program in computational mathematics, and the effects this program has had on the students, the faculty, the department and the university.

Chen, Yanlai; Davis, Gary; Gottlieb, Sigal; Hausknecht, Adam; Heryudono, Alfa; Kim, Saeja

215

Focus groups with young people: a participatory approach to research planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our experiences of conducting focus groups with young people as part of a participatory approach to research design and participant recruitment. The research is a prospective, 10-year, qualitative, longitudinal project investigating young people's daily lives, relationships, and identities, and the ways these change over time. It adopts a multi-method approach in which each participant has

Anna Bagnoli; Andrew Clark

2010-01-01

216

How arts-based approaches can put the fun into child-focused research.  

PubMed

WHEN UNDERTAKING qualitative health research with children it is important to consider how to generate data that genuinely reflects children's perspectives. Although researchers can adapt and use well-established techniques, such as interviews and focus groups, there are more innovative and more child-centred methods. PMID:24708321

Carter, Bernie; Ford, Karen

2014-04-01

217

Corporate Social Responsibility in Management Research: Focus, Nature, Salience and Sources of Influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract? In this paper we investigate the status of corporate social responsibility (CSR) research within the management literature. In particular, we examine the focus and nature of knowledge, the changing salience of this knowledge and the academic influences on the knowledge. We present empirical evidence based on publication and citation analyses of research published from 1992 to 2002. Our results

Andy Lockett; Jeremy Moon; Wayne Visser

2006-01-01

218

Focus Groups: A Qualitative Method Complementing Quantitative Research for Studying Culturally Diverse Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: Focus groups are becoming an important method for conduct- ing qualitative research in health care. This strategy enables information to be gathered on the perceptions, beliefs, and values of a group's participants and is particularly well suited to addressing cultural characteristics that impact on a population's health status. As nations become more culturally diverse, qualitative research will likely play

JOSELUIS CALDERON; RICHARD S. BAKER; KENNETH E. WOLF

2000-01-01

219

Capacity Building through Focus Group Training in Community-based Participatory Research  

PubMed Central

Background Community-based participatory research (CBPR) emphasizes collaborative efforts among communities and academics where all members are equitable contributors. Capacity building through training in research methodology is a potentially important outcome for CBPR partnerships. Objectives To describe the logistics and lessons learned from building community research capacity for focus group moderation in the context of a CBPR partnership. Methods After orientation to CBPR principles, members of a US suburban community underwent twelve hours of interactive learning in focus group moderation by a national focus group expert. An additional eight-hour workshop promoted advanced proficiency and built on identified strengths and weaknesses. Ten focus groups were conducted at an adult education center addressing a health concern previously identified by the center’s largely immigrant and refugee population. Program evaluation was achieved through multiple observations by community and academic-based observers. Results Twenty-seven community and academic members were recruited through established relationships for training in focus group moderation, note-taking, and report compilation. Focus group training led to increased trust among community and research partners while empowering individual community members and increasing research capacity for CBPR. Conclusions Community members were trained in focus group moderation and successfully applied these skills to a CBPR project addressing a health concern in the community. This approach of equipping community members with skills in a qualitative research method promoted capacity building within a socio-culturally diverse community, while strengthening community-academic partnership. In this setting, capacity building efforts may help to ensure the success and sustainability for continued health interventions through CBPR.

Amico, KL; Wieland, ML; Weis, JA; Sullivan, SM; Nigon, JA; Sia, IG

2014-01-01

220

Have the Focus and Sophistication of Research in Health Education Changed?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the types of research and the statistical methods used in three representative health education journals from 1994 through 2003. Editorials, commentaries, program/practice notes, and perspectives represent 17.6% of the journals' content. The most common types of articles are cross-sectional studies (27.5%), reviews (23.2%), and…

Merrill, Ray M.; Lindsay, Christopher A.; Shields, Eric C.; Stoddard, Julianne

2007-01-01

221

Understanding the Early Years: Research Results for Five Pilot Communities. Research in Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 5-year Canadian study examined community factors that influence child development. Surveys of 13 communities found the most important family factors to be family income and mother's education. The most important community factors were social support, neighborhood safety, residential stability, and use of resources. Efforts should focus on…

Bacon, Judith; Brinksults, Satya

2003-01-01

222

Dense plasma focus research at the Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka (Japan)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research using a 50 kV\\/50 kJ deuterium plasma focus with 1.25 MA maximum current is summarized. Plasma dynamics in implosion phase of dense plasma focus were investigated by 2nsec ruby laser holographic interferometry and shadowgraphy. Radial pinch velocity of the plasma column and ionizing front velocity are 20 million cm\\/sec. Rayleigh-Taylor instability is observed in the early stage of the

M. Yokoyama; Y. Yamamoto; A. Kisoda; Y. Yamada; Y. Kitagawa; M. Yamanaka; C. Yamanaka

1983-01-01

223

The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis and public perceptions of biomedical research: a focus group study.  

PubMed Central

African Americans are less likely than European Americans to participate in biomedical research. Researchers often attribute nonparticipation to the "Tuskegee effect." Using critical qualitative analysis of focus group data, we examined the public's use of the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis (TSUS) to discuss biomedical research. Our participants articulated three primary themes in relation to TSUS: 1) that TSUS made them suspicious about biomedical research; 2) that other values had to weigh against concerns about TSUS; and 3) that African Americans could take steps to resolve their concerns about TSUS. African Americans were more likely to discuss TSUS than were European Americans. African Americans did not use TSUS to express simple fear. African Americans suggested issues other than TSUS that influence the decision to participate in research. African Americans indicated specific reforms that would increase participation in research. We discuss how a better understanding of African Americans' use of TSUS can enhance research participation and allay concerns about "another Tuskegee."

Bates, Benjamin R.; Harris, Tina M.

2004-01-01

224

Research Focus: Reflections on Science Education Research Presentations at ASE 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The original call for research papers went out in the summer of 2011 and, by September, there were over thirty abstracts returned for review, from many countries including Hong Kong, Nigeria, Poland, Jamaica, Malta, the United States, Japan, Ireland and, of course, Britain. Of the proposals reviewed and accepted, 21 were finally presented at…

McGregor, Deb; Oversby, John; Woodhouse, Fiona

2012-01-01

225

America Needs a New National Research and Development Center Focused on Adult Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1991, the U.S. has had a national research and development (R&D) center focused on programs that help adults to improve their language, literacy, and numeracy skills; to acquire a General Educational Development (GED) or other high school certification; and to transition into postsecondary education or training. For the first five years,…

Comings, John

2007-01-01

226

Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Qualitative research explores complex phenomena encountered by clinicians, health care providers, policy makers and consumers. Although partial checklists are available, no consolidated reporting framework exists for any type of qualitative design. Objective. To develop a checklist for explicit and comprehensive reporting of qualitative studies (indepth interviews and focus groups). Methods. We performed a comprehensive search in Cochrane and Campbell

ALLISON TONG; PETER SAINSBURY; JONATHAN CRAIG

2007-01-01

227

Mainstreaming in Secondary Schools: Focus on Research. OATE-OACTE Monograph Series No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is intended to draw attention to the necessity for establishing research priorities which focus upon the problems specifically addressing the education of handicapped secondary school youth. Five studies addressing issues in this area are presented: (1) "An Analysis of Curriculum and Grading Formats Used by Regular Secondary…

Reed, Patricia L., Ed.

228

Center for Military Biomaterials Research: Focus on New Materials for Trauma Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Center for Military Biomaterials Research (CeMBR) has been created as a catalyst to develop breakthrough products specifically designed for military healthcare needs. CeMBR's initial programs focus on combat wound care and protection of soldiers ...

D. Devore C. Kantor J. Kohn

2004-01-01

229

Tech Prep: Building a Framework for Future Research, Evaluation, and Program Practice. Focus Group Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on three focus groups comprised of state officials, local practitioners and supporters, and researchers who were convened to provide input on strategies for assessing and validating the effects of tech prep. Part I provides a brief summary of the groups' discussions, including major points and broad themes in these four topic…

Elliott, Barbara G.

230

Focus Groups as a Tool for Critical Social Research in Nurse Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the potential of focus groups to address balance of power and empowerment issues in nursing research. Explains the need to involve diverse stakeholders in curriculum development, student evaluation, and appraisals of students' perceptions of their experiences. (Contains 52 references.) (SK)

Kevern, Jennifer; Webb, Christine

2001-01-01

231

A Focus on Professional Development. Research-Based Practices in Early Reading Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"A Focus on Professional Development" is the fourth in the Research-Based Practices in Early Reading Series published by the Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) at Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL). Because reading proficiency is fundamental to student achievement across all subjects and grades, the preparation of the teachers…

Lehr, Fran; Osborn, Jean

2005-01-01

232

Collaborative Action Research to Develop the Use of Solution-Focused Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collaborative action research project involves two educational psychologists (EPs) working with teachers from four primary schools to develop the use of solution-focused approaches. The project illustrates a way in which EPs might make a distinctive contribution to improving outcomes for children and young people. Realist interviews were used…

Simm, Jo; Ingram, Rachel

2008-01-01

233

Grounded Theory and Focus Groups: Reconciling Methodologies in Indigenous Australian Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures an ideological moment in time in which I contemplated the methodological approach I was embarking upon. In my search for a more appropriate approach for conducting research with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tertiary students at the University of Queensland, I chose focus groups set within the qualitative process of…

Stewart, Jan

2007-01-01

234

Ten Reasons to Still Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing. Research Brief, Publication #2009-10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, Child Trends drew on statistics and research findings to produce a report called "Ten Reasons to Keep the Focus on Teen Childbearing." That report took note of the steady decline in the nation's teenage pregnancy and childbearing rates, beginning in 1991, while citing multiple reasons to continue to be concerned about teen childbearing.…

Holcombe, Emily; Peterson, Kristen; Manlove, Jennifer; Scarupa, Harriet J., Ed.

2009-01-01

235

Experimental research on the longitudinal field generated by a tightly focused beam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The longitudinal optical field is a peculiar physical phenomenon that is always involved with the domain of near-field optics. Due to its extraordinary properties, it has recently attracted increasing attention in research and application. In this work, the longitudinal fields generated by the evanescent illumination of tightly focused, different polarized hollow beams are investigated. The focused light fields are numerically simulated according to vector diffraction theory, and their vector analysis is also carried out. The longitudinal fields on the focal plane are demonstrated experimentally using tip-enhanced scanning near-field microscopy. The simulation and experimental results show that the tightly focused radially polarized beam is suited to generating a stronger and purer longitudinal optical field at the focus.

Zhang, Ming-Qian; Wang, Jia; Tian, Qian

2013-04-01

236

Business Education Index 1995. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published during the Year 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This index lists more than 2,000 business education articles and research studies that were published during 1995 in a selected list of periodicals that have been deemed essential to research and teaching in the broad business education spectrum. Among the subject categories under which articles are indexed are the following: administration and…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; And Others

237

The Research Article as an Instrument of Active Learning for Teaching about Violence, Sexual Abuse, and Union Formation among Low-Income Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As noted by Goldsmid and Wilson a quarter of a century ago, a "curious gulf" exists between teaching and research in sociology. This article addresses this problem by suggesting ways in which a current research article from the American Sociological Review can be used in courses at three different levels of the undergraduate curriculum. The active…

Purvin, Diane M.; Kain, Edward L.

2005-01-01

238

Science from the periphery: Collaboration, networks and 'Periphery Effects' in the citation of New Zealand Crown Research Institutes articles, 1995-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

While collaboration is associated with higher article citation rates, a body of research has suggested that this is, in part,\\u000a related to the access to a larger social network and the increased visibility of research this entails, rather than simply\\u000a a reflection of greater quality. We examine the role of networks in article citation rates by investigating article publication\\u000a by

Shaun Goldfinch; Tony Dale; Karl DeRouen Jr.

2003-01-01

239

Pathways to health: a framework for health-focused research and practice.  

PubMed

Public health research and practice is faced with three problems: 1) a focus on disease instead of health, 2) consideration of risk factor/disease relationships one at a time, and 3) attention to individuals with limited regard for the communities in which they live. We propose a framework for health-focused research and practice. This framework encompasses individual and community pathways to health while incorporating the dynamics of context and overall population vulnerability and resilience. Individual pathways to health may differ, but commonalities will exist. By understanding these commonalities, communities can work to support health-promoting pathways in addition to removing barriers. The perspective afforded by viewing health as a dynamic process instead of as a collection of risk factors and diseases expands the number of approaches to improving health globally. Using this approach, multidisciplinary research teams working with active community participants have the potential to reshape health and intervention sciences. PMID:17164004

Fleischer, Nancy L; Weber, Ann M; Gruber, Susan; Arambula, Karina Z; Mascarenhas, Maya; Frasure, Jessica A; Wang, Constance; Syme, S Leonard

2006-01-01

240

Pathways to health: a framework for health-focused research and practice  

PubMed Central

Public health research and practice is faced with three problems: 1) a focus on disease instead of health, 2) consideration of risk factor/disease relationships one at a time, and 3) attention to individuals with limited regard for the communities in which they live. We propose a framework for health-focused research and practice. This framework encompasses individual and community pathways to health while incorporating the dynamics of context and overall population vulnerability and resilience. Individual pathways to health may differ, but commonalities will exist. By understanding these commonalities, communities can work to support health-promoting pathways in addition to removing barriers. The perspective afforded by viewing health as a dynamic process instead of as a collection of risk factors and diseases expands the number of approaches to improving health globally. Using this approach, multidisciplinary research teams working with active community participants have the potential to reshape health and intervention sciences.

Fleischer, Nancy L; Weber, Ann M; Gruber, Susan; Arambula, Karina Z; Mascarenhas, Maya; Frasure, Jessica A; Wang, Constance; Syme, S Leonard

2006-01-01

241

Reporting ethical practices in journal articles.  

PubMed

Little attention has focused on the reporting of ethical research practices in journal articles. In Study 1, published articles in 2 psychopathology journals were reviewed to ascertain the types of ethical research information that were reported. In Study 2, a survey was sent to authors in Study 1 to determine which ethical practices they engaged in, if they reported this information, and reasons for not including this information in their article. In general, there is a great variability regarding the types of ethical research practices reported in journal articles. Commonly cited reasons for not including ethical research practice information in the articles included the need for brevity, belief that it was common practice, and lack of relevance for the project. These results suggest that there is no standard practice for reporting research practices in journal articles and great variability in the implementation of procedures that are generally considered standard. PMID:12656070

Sigmon, Sandra T; Boulard, Nina E; Whitcomb-Smith, Stacy

2002-01-01

242

Patient Informed Governance of Distributed Research Networks: Results and Discussion from Six Patient Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Understanding how to govern emerging distributed research networks is essential to their success. Distributed research networks aggregate patient medical data from many institutions leaving data within the local provider security system. While much is known about patients’ views on secondary medical research, little is known about their views on governance of research networks. We conducted six focus groups with patients from three medical centers across the U.S. to understand their perspectives on privacy, consent, and ethical concerns of sharing their data as part of research networks. Participants positively endorsed sharing their health data with these networks believing that doing so could advance healthcare knowledge. However, patients expressed several concerns regarding security and broader ethical issues such as commercialism, public benefit, and social responsibility. We suggest that network governance guidelines move beyond strict technical requirements and address wider socio-ethical concerns by fully including patients in governance processes.

Mamo, Laura A.; Browe, Dennis K.; Logan, Holly C.; Kim, Katherine K.

2013-01-01

243

Gischig receives 2011 Natural Hazards Focus Group Award for Graduate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Valentin Gischig has been awarded the AGU Natural Hazards Focus Group Award for Graduate Research, given annually to a recent Ph.D. recipient for outstanding contributions to natural hazards research. Gischig's thesis is entitled “Kinematics and failure mechanisms of the Randa rock slope instability (Switzerland).” He presented an invited talk and was formally presented with the award at the 2011 AGU Fall Meeting, held 5-9 December in San Francisco, Calif. Gischig received his M.Sc. in geophysics and glaciology at Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, in Switzerland, in 2007. In 2011 he attained a Ph.D. in engineering geology/rock mechanics/landslide analysis under the supervision of Simon Loew, Jeffrey R. Moore, Florian Amann, and Keith F. Evans at ETH Zürich. Gischig is currently conducting postdoctoral research at ETH Zürich. His research interests include landslides, induced seismicity in enhanced geothermal systems, and coupled processes in rock mechanics.

2012-02-01

244

Exploratory research on bioactive natural products with a focus on biological phenomena  

PubMed Central

The discovery of new basic compounds holds the key for advancing material sciences. We have focused on the identification and characterization of natural key compounds that control biologically and physiologically intriguing phenomena. The discovery of new bioactive molecules, facilitated by a deeper understanding of nature, should advance our knowledge of biological processes and lead to new strategies to treat disease. The structure and function of natural compounds are sometimes unexpectedly original. Based on our past experience and results, we have carried out research to find new directions for compound exploration by directly learning from dynamic biological phenomena in the field, and have succeeded in creating a new research field in biological molecular sciences.

Uemura, Daisuke

2010-01-01

245

Challenges of recruitment: focus groups with research study recruiters. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Focus groups with study recruiters were conducted to determine challenges they face and recommendations. These recommendations include the need to allocate additional resources to assist with recruitment, including ensuring the salaries of recruiters are competitive. Additionally, it was recommended that recruiters have a recognized leadership role within the research team structure and that principal investigators include recruiters in the development of study designs to ensure that the protocols developed will result in the most successful recruitment of diverse populations.

246

Distributed and grid computing projects with research focus in human health.  

PubMed

Distributed systems and grid computing systems are used to connect several computers to obtain a higher level of performance, in order to solve a problem. During the last decade, projects use the World Wide Web to aggregate individuals' CPU power for research purposes. This paper presents the existing active large scale distributed and grid computing projects with research focus in human health. There have been found and presented 11 active projects with more than 2000 Processing Units (PUs) each. The research focus for most of them is molecular biology and, specifically on understanding or predicting protein structure through simulation, comparing proteins, genomic analysis for disease provoking genes and drug design. Though not in all cases explicitly stated, common target diseases include research to find cure against HIV, dengue, Duchene dystrophy, Parkinson's disease, various types of cancer and influenza. Other diseases include malaria, anthrax, Alzheimer's disease. The need for national initiatives and European Collaboration for larger scale projects is stressed, to raise the awareness of citizens to participate in order to create a culture of internet volunteering altruism. PMID:22491123

Diomidous, Marianna; Zikos, Dimitrios

2012-01-01

247

Research on advertising in Asia: a critical analysis of the articles published in major advertising and communication journals, 1990–2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study content-analyzed scholarly articles on advertising in Asia published in four major journals in advertising and communication from 1990 to 2009. Findings included trends in research output, countries\\/territories studied, and media covered. Topical, theoretical, and methodological trends in those articles were also identified. Comparisons between the articles published in the 1990s and 2000s were made. Findings and their implications

Hong Cheng; Kwangmi Ko Kim

2010-01-01

248

APS Undergraduate Summer Research Fellowship Program: Exposing Undergraduates to Physiology Research Leads to a Research-focused Career  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a poster from the 2009 Experimental Biology meeting held in New Orleans, LA from April 18-22. The APS Undergraduate Summer Research Fellowship (UGSRF) program seeks to excite and encourage undergraduate (UG) students worldwide to pursue a career as a basic research scientist. The program has five objectives: develop a research project, collect/analyze data, write up results; give a presentation on results at a scientific meeting; attend a national meeting; commit to a research career; and enroll in a graduate/professional program in basic biomedical research. since the UGSRF program began in 2000, 109 undergraduates have participated. Most students (92%) attended EB and made 99 presentations, with some students having more than one abstract or presentation. Over 35% of the students published a paper on their APS-funded research. From surveys 2 years post-fellowship, 85% of the UGSRFs had graduated. Of these, 46% applied to graduate school (PhD or Master's) and 74% were accepted. At the time of the survey, most (78%) were already enrolled in a graduate or professional degree program. In 2007 and 2008, the program added an online interactive component where UGSRFs discussed professional networking, structure of research studies, and career options in biomedicine. Results indicate the online interaction provided a powerful medium for UG students to explore critical professional development topics.

Nansie McHugh (Huntingdon Life Sciences); William R Galey (University of New Mexico School of Medicine); PhD Marsha L Matyas (American Physiological Society Education)

2009-09-29

249

The social process of escalation: a promising focus for crisis management research  

PubMed Central

Background This study identifies a promising, new focus for the crisis management research in the health care domain. After reviewing the literature on health care crisis management, there seems to be a knowledge-gap regarding organisational change and adaption, especially when health care situations goes from normal, to non-normal, to pathological and further into a state of emergency or crisis. Discussion Based on studies of escalating situations in obstetric care it is suggested that two theoretical perspectives (contingency theory and the idea of failure as a result of incomplete interaction) tend to simplify the issue of escalation rather than attend to its complexities (including the various power relations among the stakeholders involved). However studying the process of escalation as inherently complex and social allows us to see the definition of a situation as normal or non-normal as an exercise of power in itself, rather than representing a putatively correct response to a particular emergency. Implications The concept of escalation, when treated this way, can help us further the analysis of clinical and institutional acts and competence. It can also turn our attention to some important elements in a class of social phenomenon, crises and emergencies, that so far have not received the attention they deserve. Focusing on organisational choreography, that interplay of potential factors such as power, professional identity, organisational accountability, and experience, is not only a promising focus for future naturalistic research but also for developing more pragmatic strategies that can enhance organisational coordination and response in complex events.

2012-01-01

250

The Business Education Index 1996. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published during the Year 1996. Volume 57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This index, which was compiled from a selected list of 45 periodicals published in 1996, lists more than 2,000 business education articles and research studies. Articles are listed under the following subject categories and subcategories: basic business (accounting, consumer awareness, economics, entrepreneurship/small business, finance…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; Graves, Pat R., Ed.

251

Integrating utilization-focused evaluation with business process modeling for clinical research improvement.  

PubMed

New discoveries in basic science are creating extraordinary opportunities to design novel biomedical preventions and therapeutics for human disease. But the clinical evaluation of these new interventions is, in many instances, being hindered by a variety of legal, regulatory, policy and operational factors, few of which enhance research quality, the safety of study participants or research ethics. With the goal of helping increase the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical research, we have examined how the integration of utilization-focused evaluation with elements of business process modeling can reveal opportunities for systematic improvements in clinical research. Using data from the NIH global HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks, we analyzed the absolute and relative times required to traverse defined phases associated with specific activities within the clinical protocol lifecycle. Using simple median duration and Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis, we show how such time-based analyses can provide a rationale for the prioritization of research process analysis and re-engineering, as well as a means for statistically assessing the impact of policy modifications, resource utilization, re-engineered processes and best practices. Successfully applied, this approach can help researchers be more efficient in capitalizing on new science to speed the development of improved interventions for human disease. PMID:21552512

Kagan, Jonathan M; Rosas, Scott; Trochim, William M K

2010-10-01

252

InnoVision's focus areas for motion imagery research and development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the role that the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) has in motion imagery research and development (RD). Motion imagery RD is ubiquitous. Commercial technology is strongly leveraged by the Department of Defense (DoD) and each component in DoD has unique needs that they invest RD dollars against. DoD Directive 5106.60 gives NGA full responsibility for geospatial intelligence (GEOINT), including a wide range of RD functions. InnoVision, NGA's RD component has specific areas of focus for motion imagery RD that are designed to complement and enhance service and industry efforts.

Rice, Kenneth E.

2013-05-01

253

ATTENTIONAL FOCUS AND MOTOR LEARNING: A REVIEW OF 10 YEARS OF RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies examining the influence of an individual's focus of attention on motor performance and learning are reviewed. Those studies, conducted over the past decade or so, provide converging evidence that an external focus of attention (i.e., focus on the movement effect) is more effective than an internal focus (i.e., focus on the movements themselves). Advantages of adopting an external focus,

GABRIELE WULF

2007-01-01

254

Quality standards for real-world research. Focus on observational database studies of comparative effectiveness.  

PubMed

Real-world research can use observational or clinical trial designs, in both cases putting emphasis on high external validity, to complement the classical efficacy randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with high internal validity. Real-world research is made necessary by the variety of factors that can play an important a role in modulating effectiveness in real life but are often tightly controlled in RCTs, such as comorbidities and concomitant treatments, adherence, inhalation technique, access to care, strength of doctor-caregiver communication, and socio-economic and other organizational factors. Real-world studies belong to two main categories: pragmatic trials and observational studies, which can be prospective or retrospective. Focusing on comparative database observational studies, the process aimed at ensuring high-quality research can be divided into three parts: preparation of research, analyses and reporting, and discussion of results. Key points include a priori planning of data collection and analyses, identification of appropriate database(s), proper outcomes definition, study registration with commitment to publish, bias minimization through matching and adjustment processes accounting for potential confounders, and sensitivity analyses testing the robustness of results. When these conditions are met, observational database studies can reach a sufficient level of evidence to help create guidelines (i.e., clinical and regulatory decision-making). PMID:24559028

Roche, Nicolas; Reddel, Helen; Martin, Richard; Brusselle, Guy; Papi, Alberto; Thomas, Mike; Postma, Dirjke; Thomas, Vicky; Rand, Cynthia; Chisholm, Alison; Price, David

2014-02-01

255

New CLIVAR research focus: Consistency between planetary heat balance and ocean heat storage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate is very much about exchange of energy in the Earth System, and in particular in the form of heat. Quantifying these exchanges and how it affects our climate system is one of the key challenges faced by the climate research community. In this context, the Ocean-climate system - Variability, Predictability and Change (CLIVAR) project of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) has recently established a new research focus on "Consistency between Planetary Heat Balance and Ocean Heat Storage ". The main objective of the CLIVAR cross-cutting activity is to better understand the "role of the ocean in energy uptake " by analyzing consistency of heat budget components as seen by independent global observing systems, including (i) Earth Observation (EO) satellite data, (ii) in-situ measurements of ocean heat content storage changes, and (iii) Ocean reanalysis for heat transports and exchanges. The project aims at a refinement of a scientific framework on consistency between planetary heat balance and ocean heat storage; the evaluation of existing data sets and information products, their uncertainties and their consistency; recommendations on how to improve the observing systems and derived information products, assimilation methods, ocean and climate models and surface fluxes; contributing insights to related climate research topics such as anthropogenic climate change, seasonal climate prediction, decadal variability, predictability and prediction, as well as sea-level variability and change.

von Schuckmann, Karina; Visbeck, Martin; Haines, Keith; Mathieu, Pierre-Philippe; Gulev, Sergey; Barnier, Bernard; Trenberth, Kevin; Clayson, Carol Anne; Loeb, Norman; Palmer, Matthew

2014-05-01

256

PsycINFO search strategies identified methodologically sound therapy studies and review articles for use by clinicians and researchers  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study evaluated search strategies for finding high-quality studies on treatment and systematic reviews in PsycINFO. Study design and setting: 64 journals were hand searched at McMaster University. Methodologic criteria were applied to clinically relevant articles to identify “pass” and “fail” articles. 4,985 candidate terms were compiled: 7,463 combinations for therapy articles and 5,246 combinations for reviews. Candidate search strategy results were compared with hand searches. The proposed strategies served as “diagnostic tests” for sound studies; the hand searches were the “gold standard.” Sensitivity, specificity, precision, and accuracy were calculated. Results: 233 (32.5%) of 716 treatment articles met criteria for scientific merit, and 58 (11.5%) of 506 review articles met criteria for systematic reviews. For treatment studies, combined terms had a peak sensitivity of 97.9% (specificity 52.2%). Maximum specificity was 97.7% (sensitivity 51.5%). Sensitivity and specificity were each 79% when optimizing both while minimizing their difference. For review articles, combined terms had a peak sensitivity of 81.0% (specificity 54.4%). Maximum specificity was 98.1% (sensitivity 51.7%). Sensitivity and specificity were each 65% when optimizing both while minimizing their difference. Conclusions: Empirically derived search strategies can achieve high sensitivity and specificity for retrieving sound treatment studies and review articles from PsycINFO.

Eady, Angela May; Wilczynski, Nancy L.; Haynes, R. Brian

2008-01-01

257

Business Education Index, 1999. Index of Business Education Articles and Research Studies Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals Published During the Year 1999. Volume 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication comprises an index of business education articles and research studies compiled from a selected list of business education periodicals and those related to business education published during 1999. Priority is given to journals essential to research and teaching over the broad business education spectrum. Subject entries (pages…

Noll, Cheryl L., Ed.; Graves, Pat R., Ed.

258

Learning How To Read Empirical Research Articles: An Application of a Modified Version of SQ3R.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes strategies to facilitate college students learning from scientific journal articles. Builds upon a variant of SQ3R as a basic strategy and utilizes a cognitive strategy instruction (CSI) model for sequencing instruction. (NH)

Feldt, Ronald C.; Moore, Robert E.

1999-01-01

259

Strategies for Sharing Scientific Research on Sea Level Rise: Suggestions from Stakeholder Focus Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation reports results of focus groups with coastal resource managers on suggestions for effectively sharing sea level rise (SLR) scientific research with the public and other target audiences. The focus groups were conducted during three annual stakeholder workshops as an important and innovative component of an ongoing five-year multi-disciplinary NOAA-funded project, Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM). The EESLR-NGOM project is assessing SLR risks to the natural and built environment along the Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida Panhandle coasts. The purpose was to engage stakeholders (e.g., coastal resource managers) in helping target, translate, and tailor the EESLR-NGOM project's scientific findings and emerging products so they are readily accessible, understandable, and useful. The focus groups provided insight into stakeholders' SLR informational and operational needs, solicited input on the project's products, and gathered suggestions for public communication and outreach. A total of three ninety-minute focus groups of between eight and thirteen participants each were conducted at annual workshops in Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi. The moderator asked a series of open-ended questions about SLR-related topics using an interview guide and encouraged participant interaction. All focus group audio-recordings were transcribed, and analyzed by carefully reading the 102 total pages of transcript data and identifying patterns and themes. Participants thought outreach about SLR impact and the EESLR-NGOM project scientific research/products was vital and acknowledged various communication challenges and opportunities. They identified three target audiences (local officials, general public, coastal resource managers themselves) that likely require different educational efforts and tools. Participants felt confident the EESLR-NGOM project products will benefit their resource planning and decision making and believed the project will have positive implications for diverse vested entities. Gaining public and local leader support was considered crucial in fostering funding and favorable policies with respect to project goals. However, it was expected that certain target audiences will need to be better educated on ecological aspects of the project and convinced of its significance for this to be achieved. Suggested formats for the EESLR-NGOM research results included maps with precision and flexibility for adjustments over time, across geographic domains, and for different levels of user sophistication, as well as simplified presentations that can be readily shared. There was emphasis on visuals and demonstrations for accessibility and engagement by multiple audiences. While participants thought handouts, brochures, and graphical illustrations would be effective, they also advocated using new digital media. Further, participants advised that time frames and language be adjusted to resonate with target audiences, especially in communicating risk. Branding a unique identity for the EESLR-NGOM project/products was encouraged. Message consistency was considered key for optimal outcomes. The ongoing feedback has resulted in year-by-year refinements of the research process and scientific product development, which has been central to gaining confidence of the target audiences.

DeLorme, D.; Hagen, S. C.; Stephens, S. H.

2013-12-01

260

Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA) to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

Harmon, Harry D.

2000-11-30

261

Tanks Focus Area Alternative Salt Processing Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

In March 2000, DOE-Headquarters (HQ) requested the Tanks Focus Area (TFA)to assume management responsibility for the Salt Processing Project technology development program at Savannah River Site. The TFA was requested to conduct several activities, including review and revision of the technology development roadmaps, development of down-selection criteria, and preparation of a comprehensive Research and Development (R&D) Program Plan for three candidate cesium removal technologies, as well as the Alpha and strontium removal processes that must also be carried out. The three cesium removal candidate technologies are Crystalline Silicotitanate (CST) Non-Elutable Ion Exchange, Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX), and Small Tank Tetraphenylborate Precipitation (STTP). This plan describes the technology development needs for each process that must be satisfied in order to reach a down-selection decision, as well as continuing technology development required to support conceptual design activities.

Harmon, Harry D.

2000-05-15

262

A review of social host policies focused on underage drinking parties: suggestions for future research.  

PubMed

Underage drinking continues to be a public health concern, partially due to the ease in which adolescents obtain alcohol and consume it in private locations. States and municipalities have implemented strategies to counteract this, including adopting public policies called social host policies, despite limited evidence of effectiveness. Traditionally, these laws have held adults accountable for furnishing alcohol to underage drinkers. However, states and communities are using another policy, also called social host, to deter underage drinking parties where easy access to alcohol and high-risk use occurs. These innovative laws hold individuals who control the property accountable for underage drinking that occurs there, regardless of alcohol source. We conducted a critical analysis of social host policies focused on hosting underage drinking parties and constructed a conceptual model to understand their targeted factors. Future research recommendations are discussed. PMID:22873016

Wagoner, Kimberly G; Francisco, Vincent T; Sparks, Michael; Wyrick, David; Nichols, Tracy; Wolfson, Mark

2012-01-01

263

No Easy Rider? "The Scholar and the Future of the Research Library" by Fremont Rider: A Review Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fremont Rider's 1944 book, "The Scholar and the Future of the Research Library", had a major impact on research library thinking. The issues raised by Rider, such as research library economics, collection, acquisition and management policies, and library cooperation still resonate today, although his technology solutions have long since been…

Steele, Colin

2005-01-01

264

Focus on Dark Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This `Focus on Dark Matter' cluster of articles is the very first in a series of featured topics to appear in New Journal of Physics that will be of great interest to the physics community. The idea is to bring together contributions from leading researchers in topical fields to provide insights into the key issues for both experts and non-specialists

Klaus Pretzl

2000-01-01

265

Young Children. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on educational, cognitive, and brain research with implications for early childhood educators, including those who work with limited-English-proficient, minority, and economically disadvantaged children. "Coming to Grips with Reading Instruction at the Early Grades" (Christie L. Goodman) reports…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

266

What Does Research Say about the Ideal Condition for Students Learning Mathematics?--A "Baker's Dozen" Articles to Inform Secondary Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In seeking to align the everyday decision-making and lesson delivery of secondary teachers to current research in mathematics education, this piece provides an application of theory into classroom practice. By focusing on a sample of 13 quantitative and qualitative research studies of pedagogical best practice published since 2000, a set of…

Jones, Karrie A.; Vermette, Paul J.; Jones, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

267

[Advances in research on cognitive function related to temporal lobe epilepsy: focus on social cognitive function].  

PubMed

Research on cognitive function related to temporal lobe epilepsy has thus far focused on memory, language, and general intelligence. Recently, however, the concept of social cognitive function has been proposed in the field of neuropsychology. Social cognitive function refers collectively to the higher cognitive functions that are essential in our social lives, and its representative aspects are facial expression recognition and decision-making. Emotional processing centered around the amygdala is thought to play a key role in the neural mechanism of this function. We conducted a study on the social cognitive function (decision-making) of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, and found that this function is reduced in these patients, and that the right amygdalo-hippocampal complexes play an important role. In order to ensure the best possible treatment for epilepsy patients, it is necessary not only to make an accurate diagnosis and provide appropriate treatment, but also to provide support for enabling a smoother social life from the perspective of social cognitive function. Future research developments in this field are expected to contribute to total management in medical care for epilepsy patients. PMID:23035344

Yamano, Mitsuhiko; Akamatsu, Naoki; Tsuji, Sadatoshi

2012-09-01

268

Collection of NIDA Notes Articles that Address: Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research. Revised April 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2008-01-01

269

Collection of NIDA Notes: Articles that Address Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research. Revised October 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the worlds research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: ge...

2010-01-01

270

What about focus group interaction data?  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to discuss issues related to group interaction data in focus groups. How should it be analyzed and reported? The author addresses these questions using qualitative research approaches with examples from her research to foster further discussion regarding focus group research. PMID:15961879

Duggleby, Wendy

2005-07-01

271

Using Local Citation Data To Relate the Use of Journal Articles by Academic Researchers to the Coverage of Full-Text Document Access Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents methodology and findings of an empirical study comparing local citation patterns with the holdings lists of various sources of journal articles in the United Kingdom, including the British Library. Topics include identifying data that indicates researchers' use of journals in academic libraries and identifying data to indicate journal…

Jacobs, N.; Woodfield, J.; Morris, A.

2000-01-01

272

Cuban Sloyd. History and Educational Research on Developing Creativity. Four Articles. Publication No. 2. Craft Education in the Cultural Struggle. Part VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four articles deal with historical developments of sloyd in Cuba and research on creativity with regard to sloyd education. (Sloyd, derived from a Swedish word, is an umbrella term for making or crafting things by hand.) "The Process of Sloyd Introduction in Cuba: Main Events" describes important events related to its introduction and…

Herrera, Lazaro Moreno

273

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE DEPLETION: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH (EPA/640/K-95/004)  

EPA Science Inventory

This brochure describes the mechanisms of and problems associated with stratospheric ozone depletion as well as some of the Office of Research and Development's (ORD) associated research projects. The Office of Research and Development has pursued a multifaceted research program ...

274

Lunar e-Library: A Research Tool Focused on the Lunar Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As NASA plans and implements the Vision for Space Exploration, managers, engineers, and scientists need lunar environment information that is readily available and easily accessed. For this effort, lunar environment data was compiled from a variety of missions from Apollo to more recent remote sensing missions, such as Clementine. This valuable information comes not only in the form of measurements and images but also from the observations of astronauts who have visited the Moon and people who have designed spacecraft for lunar missions. To provide a research tool that makes the voluminous lunar data more accessible, the Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program, managed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, AL, organized the data into a DVD knowledgebase: the Lunar e-Library. This searchable collection of 1100 electronic (.PDF) documents and abstracts makes it easy to find critical technical data and lessons learned from past lunar missions and exploration studies. The SEE Program began distributing the Lunar e-Library DVD in 2006. This paper describes the Lunar e-Library development process (including a description of the databases and resources used to acquire the documents) and the contents of the DVD product, demonstrates its usefulness with focused searches, and provides information on how to obtain this free resource.

McMahan, Tracy A.; Shea, Charlotte A.; Finckenor, Miria; Ferguson, Dale

2007-01-01

275

The Social Contexts of Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that focus group discussions are shaped by multiple social contexts, a fact that is often ignored by researchers. Using data from a focus group study of the effects of violence on everyday life, this article provides an analysis of four such contexts: the associational, status (especially gender), conversational, and relational contexts. These multiple and overlapping contexts foster

Jocelyn A. Hollander

2004-01-01

276

Strategic management : An analysis of its representation and focus in recent hospitality research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of strategic management topic representation within the academic field of hospitality. The study addresses the following questions: what is the frequency of articles related to the topic of strategy in recent hospitality journals? How does the content of these articles differ from the more general field of strategic

Robert J. Harrington; Michael C. Ottenbacher

2011-01-01

277

Concerns over Participation in Genetic Research among Malay-Muslims, Chinese and Indians in Singapore: A Focus Group Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study was aimed at exploring and comparing peoples’ concerns over donation of blood specimens for genetic research across three ethnic groups in Singapore: Malay-Muslims, Chinese and Indians. Methods: We conducted 12 focus group sessions among 98 participants with 7–10 in each group. Results: Concerns over donation of blood specimens for genetic research were diverse, with all ethnic groups

Mee Lian Wong; Kee Seng Chia; Sharon Wee; Sin Eng Chia; Jeannette Lee; Woon Puay Koh; Han Ming Shen; Julian Thumboo; Dicky Sofjan

2004-01-01

278

From One "I" to Another: Discursive Construction of Self-Representation in English and Castilian Spanish Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The notion that academic writing is not only a conventional entity but also carries the representation of the writer has been supported by several researchers. Few studies have explored identity representation in language across two written cultures, such as English and Spanish, although Spanish might be a language of interest for non-native…

Sheldon, Elena

2009-01-01

279

Library and Information Science Research Areas: A Content Analysis of Articles from the Top 10 Journals 2007-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study seeks to describe and analyze journal research publications in the top 10 Library and Information Science journals from 2007-8. The paper presents a statistical descriptive analysis of authorship patterns (geographical distribution and affiliation) and keywords. Furthermore, it displays a thorough content analysis of keywords and…

Aharony, Noa

2012-01-01

280

Hot springs, geysers, and geothermal energy. [Survey article with brief summary of Cornell University's research project on geothermal energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussion is presented under the following section headings: extracting heat from the earth's interior; hot springs and their sources of energy; generation of hot springs from cooling magma; circulation systems; an area for research; and, the Cornell project on geothermal energy. (JGB)

Turcotte

2009-01-01

281

Community Voice: Focus Group Research with Adult Learners in Worcestershire and Herefordshire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus groups of adult learners and some nonlearners in the English counties of Worcestershire and Herefordshire were convened to gather information about local adults' attitudes toward and experiences of further education courses. The focus groups examined how people hear about courses, why they join courses, what factors prevent people from…

Dinsdale, Julia

282

Left Brain/Right Brain: Research and Learning. Focused Access to Selected Topics (FAST) Bibliography No. 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 27-item bibliography represents the variety of articles added to the ERIC database from 1983 through 1988 on left-brain/right-brain research, theory, and application as it relates to classroom incorporation. Included are conflicting opinions as to the usefulness of left-brain/right-brain studies and their application in the learning…

Eppele, Ruth

283

Views of Academic and Community Partners Regarding Participant Protections and Research Integrity: A Pilot Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

When community partners have direct interaction with human research participants, it is important to consider potential threats to participant protections and research integrity. Few studies have directly compared the views of academic and community partners. This pilot focus group study explores the views of academic partners (APs) and community partners (CPs) regarding challenges to the protection of research participants and research integrity in community-engaged research (CEnR). Data are analyzed to understand how APs and CPs define and think about ethical problems and how meaning and analysis may differ between the two groups. Findings have implications for the development of research ethics training materials for academic-community research partnerships and IRBs; best practices for CEnR; and future research on ethical issues in CEnR.

Anderson, Emily E.

2013-01-01

284

Key challenges and ways forward in researching the "good death": qualitative in-depth interview and focus group study  

PubMed Central

Objective To understand key challenges in researching end of life issues and identify ways of overcoming these. Design Qualitative study involving in-depth interviews with researchers and focus groups with people affected by cancer. Participants An international sample of 32 researchers; seven patients with experience of cancer; and four carers in south east Scotland. Results Researchers highlighted the difficulty of defining the end of life, overprotective gatekeeping by ethics committees and clinical staff, the need to factor in high attrition rates associated with deterioration or death, and managing the emotions of participants and research staff. People affected by cancer and researchers suggested that many people nearing the end of life do want to be offered the chance to participate in research, provided it is conducted sensitively. Although such research can be demanding, most researchers believed it to be no more problematic than many other areas of research and that the challenges identified can be overcome. Conclusions The continuing taboos around death and dying act as barriers to the commissioning and conduct of end of life research. Some people facing death, however, may want to participate in research and should be allowed to do so. Ethics committees and clinical staff must balance understandable concern about non-maleficence with the right of people with advanced illness to participate in research. Despite the inherent difficulties, end of life research can be conducted with ethical and methodological rigour. Adequate psychological support must be provided for participants, researchers, and transcribers.

Harris, Fiona; Boyd, Kirsty; Sheikh, Aziz; Murray, Scott A; Brown, Duncan; Mallinson, Ian; Kearney, Nora; Worth, Allison

2007-01-01

285

Assessment in Action: Collaborative Action Research Focused on Mathematics and Science Assessments. Reports of Twenty-Three Teacher-Research Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The works reported in this book represent a second phase to a 2-day summer conference that focused on assessment in mathematics and science classrooms. This book presents research and findings of a subset of the conference participants who investigated a self-selected aspect of assessment in their educational environments. Action research was the…

Dearn, Ceri; And Others

286

Provision of Research Support Services to ODL Learners by Tutors: A Focus on the Zimbabwe Open University's Bachelor of Education (Educational Management) Research Students' Supervision Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the ODL learners' perceptions of the quality of provision of research support services to the ODL learners by tutors. It focused on the Zimbabwe Open University's (ZOU) Bachelor of Education (Educational Management) research students' experiences. It was a qualitative multiple case study of four of the 10 Regional Centres of the…

Mapolisa, Tichaona

2012-01-01

287

Tobacco Packaging and Mass Media Campaigns: Research Needs for Articles 11 and 12 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Communicating the health risks of smoking remains a primary objective of tobacco-control policy. Articles 11 and 12 of the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control establish standards for two important forms of communication: packaging regulations (Article 11), and mass media campaigns (Article 12). Methods: A narrative review approach was used to identify existing evidence in the areas of package labeling regulations (including health warnings, constituent and emission messages, and prohibitions on misleading information) and communication activities (including mass media campaigns and news media coverage). When available, recent reviews of the literature were used, updated with more recent high-quality studies from published literature. Results: Implementation of Articles 11 and 12 share several important research priorities: (a) identify existing consumer information needs and gaps, (b) research on the message source to identify effective types of content for health warnings and media campaigns, (c) research on how messages are processed and the extent to which the content and form of messages need to be tailored to different cultural and geographic groups, as well as subgroups within countries, and (d) research to identify the most cost-effective mix and best practices for sustaining health communications over time. Conclusion: A unifying theme of effective health communication through tobacco packaging and mass media campaigns is the need to provide salient, timely, and engaging reminders of the consequences of tobacco use in ways that motivate and support tobacco users trying to quit and make tobacco use less appealing for those at risk of taking it up.

2013-01-01

288

Geography Should Not Be Destiny: Focusing HIV/AIDS Implementation Research and Programs on Microepidemics in US Neighborhoods  

PubMed Central

African Americans and Hispanics are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Within the most heavily affected cities, a few neighborhoods account for a large share of new HIV infections. Addressing racial and economic disparities in HIV infection requires an implementation program and research agenda that assess the impact of HIV prevention interventions focused on increasing HIV testing, treatment, and retention in care in the most heavily affected neighborhoods in urban areas of the United States. Neighborhood-based implementation research should evaluate programs that focus on community mobilization, media campaigns, routine testing, linkage to and retention in care, and block-by-block outreach strategies.

Nunn, Amy; Yolken, Annajane; Cutler, Blayne; Trooskin, Stacey; Wilson, Phill; Little, Susan; Mayer, Kenneth

2014-01-01

289

Profiles for High-Priority Species. Focus of the Army Threatened and Endangered Species Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A need arose during the conduct of Threatened and Endangered Species (TES) research for a source of material about the Army s priority TES that would be accessible to (primarily) non-biologist researchers performing various studies on habitat associations...

E. L. Keane H. E. Balbach

2007-01-01

290

Minimizing disparities in surgical care: a research focus for the future.  

PubMed

The wide array of questions and opportunities for surgical health services research offers important prospects for inquiry into surgical disparities. In this essay we discuss research that directly or indirectly addresses disparities in surgery, highlighting the strengths and the future directions such research efforts intimate as potential foci of collective attention. We then consider possible research approaches-including community-based participatory models-for confronting disparity and the potential role of research in quality improvement to help achieve the ultimate aim, an optimal level of health care for all. PMID:18204986

Ryoo, Joan J; Ko, Clifford Y

2008-04-01

291

Focus on Basics Connecting Research & Practice: Modes of Delivery, Volume 7, Issue C  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue contains 12 articles on modes of delivery in adult basic education. They include: "Teaching for Communicative Competence" (Donna Moss); "Sustained Silent Reading: A Useful Model" (Susanne Campagna); " A Slow Conversion to Reading Groups" (Susan Watson); "Differentiated Instruction" (Mary Ann Corley); "Differentiating Instruction for a…

National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy, 2005

2005-01-01

292

Multiple publication on a single research study: Does it pay? The influence of number of research articles on total citation counts in biomedicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientists may seek to report a single definable body of research in more than one publication, that is, in repeated reports of the same work or in fractional reports, in order to disseminate their research as widely as possible in the scientific community. Up to now, however, it has not been examined whether this strategy of \\

Lutz Bornmann; Hans-dieter Daniel

2007-01-01

293

Implementation and Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 13 and 16: Tobacco Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship and Sales to and by Minors  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Article 13 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) calls for a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship (TAPS), and Article 16 calls for prohibition of tobacco sales to and by minors. Although these mandates are based on sound science, many countries have found provision implementation to be rife with challenges. Objective: This paper reviews the history of tobacco marketing and minor access restrictions in high-, middle-, and low-income countries, identifying past challenges and successes. We consider current challenges to FCTC implementation, how these barriers can be addressed, and what research is necessary to support such efforts. Specifically, we identify implementation and research priorities for FCTC Articles 13 and 16. Discussion: Although a solid evidence base underpins the FCTC’s call for TAPS bans and minor access restrictions, we know substantially less about how best to implement these restrictions. Drawing on the regulatory experiences of high-, middle-, and low-income countries, we discern several implementation and research priorities, which are organized into 4 categories: policy enactment and enforcement, human capital expertise, the effects of FCTC marketing and youth access policies, and knowledge exchange and transfer among signatories. Future research should provide detailed case studies on implementation successes and failures, as well as insights into how knowledge of successful restrictions can be translated into tobacco control policy and practice and shared among different stakeholders. Conclusion: Tobacco marketing surveillance, sales-to-minors compliance checks, enforcement and evaluation of restriction policies, and capacity building and knowledge transfer are likely to prove central to effective implementation.

2013-01-01

294

Focus Group Research in the Development of an Osteoporosis Educational Program Targeting Seniors  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To illustrate the role of focus groups in the development of population specific osteoporosis messages, educational and collateral materials, programs, and events.Osteoporosis, a preventable condition of porous, easily fractured bones, affects over 28 million Americans. While prevalence increases with age, prevention strategies can begin at any point in one's life. For older adults, proper nutrition, physical activity, strength

Annie wilde; Christina Economos; Ruth Palombo

1997-01-01

295

What Special Education Research Tells Us about Teaching Underachieving Students. Focus On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Focus On" describes instructional strategies that are effective for students with disabilities and that have also been shown to be effective in raising the achievement outcomes of underachieving students without identified disabilities. The authors first describe the challenging characteristics of underachieving students and discuss some of…

Lo, Ya-yu; Kretlow, Allison G.

2008-01-01

296

Using Focus Groups in Educational Research: Exploring Teachers' Perspectives on Educational Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus groups technique is described, giving details about the methodology. As a practical application, a study of teacher perspectives toward reform in the Spanish educational system is presented. Issues of group size, the moderator's role, and drawing conclusions from group responses are discussed. (SLD)

Flores, Javier Gil; Alonso, Cristina Granado

1995-01-01

297

Focus on Quality: Communication in the Health Care Encounter. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the question of what constitutes quality in a health care encounter from a patient’s perspective, Mathematica conducted focus groups with African Americans, Latinos, Asian Indians, and whites. Participants were asked to define quality in the context of a visit to a primary care physician, and to describe their ideal visit and the characteristics of an excellent physician. Although

Ann Bagchi; Raquel af Ursin; Alicia Leonard

2009-01-01

298

Point-focus concentrator dish research promises lower solar power plant costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the modularity (which allows a small initial plant size) and high efficiency possible with point-focus concentrators, these devices offer a promising alternative to central receivers for the generation of electricity. However, current parabolic dish designs using a glass reflector mounted on a metal backing cost in excess of $200 per square meter, compared with a cost goal of

Kutscher

2009-01-01

299

ASR Application in Climate Change Adaptation: The Need, Issues and Research Focus  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will focus on four key points: (a) Aquifer storage and recovery: a long-held practice offering a potential tool for climate change adaptation, (b) The drivers: 1) hydrological perturbations related to climate change, 2) water imbalance in both Qand Vbetween wat...

300

A Focus on Fluency. Research-Based Practices in Early Reading Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for practitioners, this is the first booklet in the Research-Based Practices in Early Reading series published by the Regional Educational Laboratory at Pacific Resources for Education and Learning. The 31-page booklet summarizes research on fluency and fluency instruction and describes strategies for fluency instruction. It also explains…

Osborn, Jean; Lehr, Fran

301

Race and Ethnicity in Research Methods. Sage Focus Editions, Volume 157.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributions in this volume examine the array of methods used in quantitative, qualitative, and comparative and historical research to show how research sensitive to ethnic issues can best be conducted. Rethinking and revising traditional methodologies and applying new ones can portray racial and ethnic issues as they really exist. The…

Stanfield, John H., II, Ed.; Dennis, Rutledge M., Ed.

302

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research. Youth Gang Series. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes past and current research on female gangs, noting programmatic and research needs. Seven sections include: "Early Reports: A History of Stereotypes"; "Number of Female Gang Members"; "Being in a Gang: The Background" (economic and ethnic forces, family pressure, and sex stereotyping and victimization); "Delinquency and…

Moore, Joan; Hagedorn, John

303

Researching Youth Political Participation in Australia: Arguments for an Expanded Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinct political lives and lifestyles of young people provide a rich arena for social research. This paper traces the origins of contemporary definitions of political participation, which are often at odds with the real experiences and aspirations of young citizens. Despite a growing body of empirical evidence in this field, researchers are…

Fyfe, Ian

2009-01-01

304

Warranted concerns, warranted outlooks: a focus group study of public understandings of genetic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how the American public accounts for the concerns that they have about genetic research and the benefits that they foresee. We develop a general framework for discussing public claims about genetic technology based on Stephen Toulmin's model of warrants in argumentation. After a review of the results from public opinion polls about genetic research, we present a

Benjamin R. Bates; John A. Lynch; Jennifer L. Bevan; Celeste M. Condit

2005-01-01

305

NNSA Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program 2008 Symposium--Focus on Energy Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program was authorized by Congress in 1991 to fund leading-edge research and development central to the national laboratories core missions. LDRD anticipates and engages in projects on the forefront of science and engineering at the Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, and has a long history of addressing pressing national security needs at

P R Kotta; J A Sketchley

2008-01-01

306

Adolescent Girls' Assessment and Management of Sexual Risks: Insights from Focus Group Research  

PubMed Central

We conducted focus groups with girls ages 14 to 17 (N = 43) in order to study how the dominant discourse of sexual risk shapes young women’s understanding of the sexual domain and their management of these presumably pervasive threats. Through inductive analysis, we developed a coding scheme focused on three themes: (a) types of sexual risk; (b) factors that moderate sexual risk; and (c) strategies for managing sexual risk. Collectively, participants identified many risks but distanced themselves from these by claiming that girls’ susceptibility is largely a function of personal factors and therefore avoidable given the right traits, values, and skills. We consider this reliance on other-blaming and self-exemption, as well as instances in which individual participants diverged from this group discourse, in the context of neoliberalism.

Bay-Cheng, Laina Y.; Livingston, Jennifer A.; Fava, Nicole M.

2010-01-01

307

Theoretical and computational research on the focused transport of intense charged particle beams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer calculations were used to investigate the behavior of a periodic solenoidal thin lens focusing system with 90(0) phase advance. Despite strong similarities in the behavior predicted by the linear theory, a 90(0) solenoidal system does not appear to exhibit the emittance growth characteristic of the similar 90(0) alternate gradient system. In other ways, however, behavior is observed which is similar to the analagous alternate gradient system.

Haber, I.

308

Topical and Geographical Focus of Chinese Oceanographic Research - A Study of Trends in Publication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the economic boom started in the early 1990s, China has expanded its educational and scientific programs. Funds increase rapidly for education and scientific research. From 1993 to 2006, enrollment of full time students in universities and colleges ...

P. C. Chu R. Li

2008-01-01

309

Scholarly Articles Research Alerting (SARA)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Carfax, a UK publisher specializing in academic journals, offers this free service to help academics stay current in their fields. Although the service is limited solely to journals published by Carfax, users have hundreds to choose from. Subscribers can select individual titles or subjects and receive tables of contents by email before the print version is released. Registration information is provided at the site.

310

How to Research People's First Impressions of Websites? Eye-Tracking as a Usability Inspection Method and Online Focus Group Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The visual surface of the Hungarian governmental portal – magyarorszag.hu – was inspected in 2007 with two different inspection\\u000a methods: Eye tacking research and Online focus group research. Both methods help to understand and to chart not only the usability\\u000a of different websites but also the affective imp ressions associated with the websites. In this study, an Experimental and\\u000a a

Csilla Herendy

2009-01-01

311

Pan Eurasian Experiment (PEEX): a new research initiative focused on the Northern Pan-Eurasian Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing human activities are changing the environment and the humanity is we are pushing the safe boundaries of the globe. It is of utmost importance to gauge with a comprehensive research program on the current status of the environment, particularly in the most vulnerable locations. Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) is a new multidisciplinary research approach aiming at resolving the major uncertainties in the Earth system science and global sustainability questions in the Arctic and boreal Pan-Eurasian regions. The PEEX program aims (i) to understand the Earth system and the influence of environmental and societal changes in pristine and industrialized Pan-Eurasian environments, (ii) to establish and sustain long-term, continuous and comprehensive ground-based airborne and seaborne research infrastructures, and to utilize satellite data and multi-scale model frameworks, (iii) to contribute to regional climate scenarios in the northern Pan-Eurasia and determine the relevant factors and interactions influencing human and societal wellbeing (iv) to promote the dissemination of PEEX scientific results and strategies in scientific and stake-holder communities and policy making, (v) to educate the next generation of multidisciplinary global change experts and scientists, and (vi) to increase the public awareness of climate change impacts in the Pan-Eurasian region. The development of PEEX research infrastructure will be one of the first activities of PEEX. PEEX will find synergies with the major European land-atmosphere observation infrastructures such as ICOS a research infrastructure to decipher the greenhouse gas balance of Europe and adjacent regions, ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network-project), and ANAEE (The experimentation in terrestrial ecosystem research) networks and with the flag ship stations like the SMEARs (Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations) when design, re-organizing and networking existing stations networks in the Northern Pan-Eurasian region.

Petäjä, Tuukka; Lappalainen, Hanna; Zaytseva, Nina; Shvidenko, Anatoli; Kujansuu, Joni; Kerminen, Veli-Matti; Viisanen, Yrjö; Kotlyakov, Vladimir; Kasimov, Nikolai; Bondur, Valery; Matvienko, Gennadi; Zilitinkevich, Sergej; Kulmala, Markku

2014-05-01

312

Focusing Research in Agricultural Education. Proceedings of the Annual Central Region Research Conference in Agricultural Education (47th, St. Louis, Missouri, March 6, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference proceedings on agricultural education research included: "Focusing for Excellence" (Jordan); "Factors Related to the Integration of International Agricultural Concepts into the Secondary Agricultural Education (AE) Curriculum" (Ibezim, McCracken); "Perceptions of State Vocational Education (VE) Administrators Relevant to AE in the…

Birkenholz, Robert J., Comp.; Schumacher, Leon G., Comp.

313

Establishing the Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) R-CENTER Clinical and Translational Research Web-Portal: The Role of Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) Research Centers in Minority Institu- tions (RCMI) Center of Excellence in Clinical and Translational Research has developed a research web-portal to foster research development and collaborations. We describe the role of focus groups (FG). Research faculty and staff were organized into three groups by research interest. Each FG discussion had five steps: Brainstorming, Reporting,

Cigdem Delano; Gregory Strayhorn; Adam Davis; Alexander Quarshie; Elizabeth Ofili; Robert Rice; Kirby Winters; Carolyn Weaver

2011-01-01

314

Establishing the Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) R-CENTER Clinical and Translational Research Web-Portal: The Role of Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) Center of Excellence in Clinical and Translational Research has developed a research web-portal to foster research development and collaborations. We describe the role of focus groups (FG). Research faculty and staff were organized into three groups by research interest. Each FG discussion had five steps: Brainstorming, Reporting, Card-sorting,

Cigdem Delano; Gregory Strayhorn; Adam Davis; Alexander Quarshie; Elizabeth Ofili; Robert Rice; Kirby Winters; Carolyn Weaver

2011-01-01

315

Establishing the Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) R-CENTER Clinical and Translational Research Web-Portal: The Role of Focus Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) Center of Excellence in Clinical and Translational Research has developed a research web-portal to foster research development and collaborations. We describe the role of focus groups (FG). Research faculty and staff were organized into three groups by research interest. Each FG discussion had five steps: Brainstorming, Reporting, Card-sorting,

Cigdem Delano; Gregory Strayhorn; Adam Davis; Alexander Quarshie; Elizabeth Ofili; Robert Rice; Kirby Winters; Carolyn Weaver

2011-01-01

316

Alcohol Health and Research World. Volume 17, No. 3, 1993. Special Focus: Alcohol Research-An International Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this issue, a panel of international contributors discuss alcohol-related issues facing their part of the world. Topics include an historical overview of alcohol research in general and the concept of dependence in particular, cross-cultural validity o...

D. M. Welsh

1993-01-01

317

An invitation for medical educators to focus on ethical and policy issues in research and scholarly practice.  

PubMed

Medical education research and medical education practice both involve being methodical, innovative, self-observing, forward-looking, and open to peer review, and both are scholarly activities. For these reasons, distinguishing between these two activities is often difficult. There are three important reasons to clarify the distinctions: the moral difference between education research and education practice; federal regulations governing education research that require more safeguards than often exist in education practice; and the fact that student participants in research have characteristics in common with members of special populations. The authors explain why attention to issues of safeguards in education research and practice is likely to grow at academic health centers, yet maintain that these issues are neglected in the medical education literature. They demonstrate this with findings from their review of 424 education research reports published in 1988 and 1989 and in 1998 and 1999 in two major medical education journals. Each article was evaluated for documentation of six ethically important safeguards and features (e.g., informed consent). The rates of reporting the six features and safeguards were relatively low (3-27%). Nearly half (47%) of the empirical reports offered no indication of ethically important safeguards or features, and no article mentioned all six. Furthermore, those rates did not increase substantially after ten years. The authors discuss a number of implications of their findings for faculty, training institutions, students, and editors and peer reviewers, and conclude with the hope that their findings will raise awareness of these neglected issues in medical education and will stimulate all those involved to reflect upon the issues and set standards on the ethical aspects of research and scholarly practice. PMID:11553501

Roberts, L W; Geppert, C; Connor, R; Nguyen, K; Warner, T D

2001-09-01

318

Action Research in Physical Education: Focusing beyond Myself through Cooperative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the pedagogical changes that I experienced as a teacher engaged in an action research project in which I designed and implemented an indirect, developmentally appropriate and child-centred approach to my teaching. There have been repeated calls to expunge--or at least rationalise--the use of traditional, teacher-led practice…

Casey, Ashley; Dyson, Ben; Campbell, Anne

2009-01-01

319

Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

Kaser, Dick

2009-01-01

320

Strategic Marketing Evaluation: A Focus Area for Institutional Research. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of awareness, knowledge, and current practices regarding strategic marketing within institutional research (IR) offices were studied for colleges in the Rocky Mountain region. Of the 18 responding offices, 9 indicated that their institutions utilized a marketing approach to planning. Of these 9 offices, 56 percent reported formal…

Cooper, Edward M.; Gackenbach, Rusty

321

Postinfectious Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Focus on Epidemiology and Research Agendas  

PubMed Central

Epidemiologic research is fundamental and complementary to our understanding of disease and development of primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions. To put the current evidence into context and identify gaps and research priorities in the areas of disease attribution, burden of disease, clinical characterization, and management of postinfectious functional gastrointestinal disorders (PI-FGDs), we took a multidisciplinary approach from the domains of infectious disease, gastroenterology, epidemiology, and public health. Our review of data from these disciplines found that, despite a complete understanding of pathoetiology, studies continue to accumulate and point toward evidence of a causal association for FGD. For some FGDs, Bradford Hill’s criteria for causality yield more certainty than other criteria. In addition, the growing recognition of the impact of acute foodborne illness on economics and society is leading to exploration of the potential long-term health effects and disease burden of PI-FGDs, although a paucity of data exist in terms of pathogen-specific risk, disability duration, and relevant disability weights. Lastly, the understanding of PI-FGDs is changing the way research is approached and suggests a need for a more expansive exploration of biologic mechanisms and how FGDs are categorized. Areas of research priorities are catalogued in this paper and will hopefully provide inspiration for future studies and contributions to the field of gastroenterology.

Deising, Adam; Gutierrez, Ramiro L.; Porter, Chad K.

2013-01-01

322

Focusing on Process To Improve Learning: A Case Study of Instructional Research and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the instructional research and development (IRD) process employed in creation of a faculty resource guide, "Environmental Ethics in Practice," at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Notes the practical application of the IRD process and its relevance to creation of instructional materials in…

Spuches, Charles M.; Coufal, James E.

2000-01-01

323

Postinfectious functional gastrointestinal disorders: a focus on epidemiology and research agendas.  

PubMed

Epidemiologic research is fundamental and complementary to our understanding of disease and development of primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions. To put the current evidence into context and identify gaps and research priorities in the areas of disease attribution, burden of disease, clinical characterization, and management of postinfectious functional gastrointestinal disorders (PI-FGDs), we took a multidisciplinary approach from the domains of infectious disease, gastroenterology, epidemiology, and public health. Our review of data from these disciplines found that, despite a complete understanding of pathoetiology, studies continue to accumulate and point toward evidence of a causal association for FGD. For some FGDs, Bradford Hill's criteria for causality yield more certainty than other criteria. In addition, the growing recognition of the impact of acute foodborne illness on economics and society is leading to exploration of the potential long-term health effects and disease burden of PI-FGDs, although a paucity of data exist in terms of pathogen-specific risk, disability duration, and relevant disability weights. Lastly, the understanding of PI-FGDs is changing the way research is approached and suggests a need for a more expansive exploration of biologic mechanisms and how FGDs are categorized. Areas of research priorities are catalogued in this paper and will hopefully provide inspiration for future studies and contributions to the field of gastroenterology. PMID:23961264

Deising, Adam; Gutierrez, Ramiro L; Porter, Chad K; Riddle, Mark S

2013-03-01

324

A survey of the state of the art and focused research in range systems, task 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contract generated publications are compiled which describe the research activities for the reporting period. Study topics include: equivalent configurations of systolic arrays; least squares estimation algorithms with systolic array architectures; modeling and equilization of nonlinear bandlimited satellite channels; and least squares estimation and Kalman filtering by systolic arrays.

Yao, K.

1986-01-01

325

Researching the Effects of Frame-Focused Instruction on Second Language Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of globalization, the research of innovative teaching methods and techniques becomes relevant. The traditional teaching approach where the training of practice material is preceded by rule-presentation (explanation + mechanical form-oriented practice) does not meet the requirements of constantly developing rational language…

Sokolova, Elena; Burmistrova, Anna

2012-01-01

326

NNSA Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program 2008 Symposium--Focus on Energy Security  

SciTech Connect

The Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program was authorized by Congress in 1991 to fund leading-edge research and development central to the national laboratories core missions. LDRD anticipates and engages in projects on the forefront of science and engineering at the Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, and has a long history of addressing pressing national security needs at the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) laboratories. LDRD has been a scientific success story, where projects continue to win national recognition for excellence through prestigious awards, papers published and cited in peer-reviewed journals, mainstream media coverage, and patents granted. The LDRD Program is also a powerful means to attract and retain top researchers from around the world, to foster collaborations with other prominent scientific and technological institutions, and to leverage some of the world's most technologically advanced assets. This enables the LDRD Program to invest in high-risk and potentially high-payoff research that creates innovative technical solutions for some of our nation's most difficult challenges. Worldwide energy demand is growing at an alarming rate, as developing nations continue to expand their industrial and economic base on the back of limited global resources. The resulting international conflicts and environmental consequences pose serious challenges not only to this nation, but to the international community as well. The NNSA and its national security laboratories have been increasingly called upon to devote their scientific and technological capabilities to help address issues that are not limited solely to the historic nuclear weapons core mission, but are more expansive and encompass a spectrum of national security missions, including energy security. This year's symposium highlights some of the exciting areas of research in alternative fuels and technology, nuclear power, carbon sequestration, energy efficiency, and other energy security research projects that are being conducted under the LDRD Program at the DOE/NNSA national laboratories and under the Site Directed Research and Development Program (SDRD) at the Nevada Test Site. Speakers from DOE/NNSA, other federal agencies, the NNSA laboratories, and the private sector will provide their insights into the national security implications of emerging energy and environmental issues, and the LDRD investments in energy security at the national laboratories. Please take this opportunity to reflect upon the science and engineering needs of our country's energy demands, including those issues posed by climate change, paying attention to the innovative contributions that LDRD is providing to the nation.

Kotta, P R; Sketchley, J A

2008-08-20

327

Library Research, Luxury or Necessity? Comments on the Original Article by Carmel Maguire, "Library Research, Luxury or Necessity?" "The Australian Library Journal", 22 No. 4: 152-157, 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I am grateful to the Editor for giving me excuse to delve into the fossil record. I confidently hope that my article was written before most of The Australian Library Journal's present readership was born. I am happy to stay with my pragmatic attempt at a definition of research as an intensified search undertaken with the hope of finding something…

Maguire, Carmel

2011-01-01

328

Une Pedagogie de l'article (Instruction in the Article).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of error patterns in Polish students' use of the French article provides the basis for an instructional approach that focuses on developing students' linguistic awareness rather than teaching rules of usage. (MSE)

Wilczinska, Veronica

1989-01-01

329

Text data extraction for a prospective, research-focused data mart: implementation and validation  

PubMed Central

Background Translational research typically requires data abstracted from medical records as well as data collected specifically for research. Unfortunately, many data within electronic health records are represented as text that is not amenable to aggregation for analyses. We present a scalable open source SQL Server Integration Services package, called Regextractor, for including regular expression parsers into a classic extract, transform, and load workflow. We have used Regextractor to abstract discrete data from textual reports from a number of ‘machine generated’ sources. To validate this package, we created a pulmonary function test data mart and analyzed the quality of the data mart versus manual chart review. Methods Eleven variables from pulmonary function tests performed closest to the initial clinical evaluation date were studied for 100 randomly selected subjects with scleroderma. One research assistant manually reviewed, abstracted, and entered relevant data into a database. Correlation with data obtained from the automated pulmonary function test data mart within the Northwestern Medical Enterprise Data Warehouse was determined. Results There was a near perfect (99.5%) agreement between results generated from the Regextractor package and those obtained via manual chart abstraction. The pulmonary function test data mart has been used subsequently to monitor disease progression of patients in the Northwestern Scleroderma Registry. In addition to the pulmonary function test example presented in this manuscript, the Regextractor package has been used to create cardiac catheterization and echocardiography data marts. The Regextractor package was released as open source software in October 2009 and has been downloaded 552 times as of 6/1/2012. Conclusions Collaboration between clinical researchers and biomedical informatics experts enabled the development and validation of a tool (Regextractor) to parse, abstract and assemble structured data from text data contained in the electronic health record. Regextractor has been successfully used to create additional data marts in other medical domains and is available to the public.

2012-01-01

330

Stem cell research: a target article collection: Part I--Jordan's banks, a view from the first years of human embryonic stem cell research.  

PubMed

This essay will address the ethical issues that have emerged in the first considerations of the newly emerging stem cell technology. Many of us in the field of bioethics were deliberating related issues as we first learned of the new science and confronted the ethical issues it raised. In this essay, I will draw on the work of colleagues who were asked to reflect on the early stages of the research (members of the IRBs, the Geron Ethicist Advisory Board, and the National Bioethics Advisory Commission) as the field debated the issues of consent, moral status, use of animal tissues, abortion, use of fetal tissue, and the nature and goals of entrepreneurial research. In this new capacity, ethicists weighed the problem of privacy, the role of justice considerations, and the issues of the marketplace in science. At this point, it is clear that far more issues remain unresolved than are settled, that there is largely unexplored territory ahead, and that the single most important task that faces us as a field is a steady call for ongoing conversation and public debate. PMID:12085937

Zoloth, Laurie

2002-01-01

331

A Guide to Writing a Scientific Paper: A Focus on High School Through Graduate Level Student Research  

PubMed Central

Abstract This article presents a detailed guide for high school through graduate level instructors that leads students to write effective and well-organized scientific papers. Interesting research emerges from the ability to ask questions, define problems, design experiments, analyze and interpret data, and make critical connections. This process is incomplete, unless new results are communicated to others because science fundamentally requires peer review and criticism to validate or discard proposed new knowledge. Thus, a concise and clearly written research paper is a critical step in the scientific process and is important for young researchers as they are mastering how to express scientific concepts and understanding. Moreover, learning to write a research paper provides a tool to improve science literacy as indicated in the National Research Council's National Science Education Standards (1996), and A Framework for K–12 Science Education (2011), the underlying foundation for the Next Generation Science Standards currently being developed. Background information explains the importance of peer review and communicating results, along with details of each critical component, the Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Specific steps essential to helping students write clear and coherent research papers that follow a logical format, use effective communication, and develop scientific inquiry are described.

Petering, David H.; Berg, Craig A.; Tomasiewicz, Henry; Weber, Daniel

2012-01-01

332

Focus. Volume 26, Number 2, Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Changing poverty and changing antipoverty policies (Maria…

Caspar, Emma, Ed.

2009-01-01

333

Developing the Strategically Focused School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds a conceptual framework to examine how school leaders can move away from a planning framework that emphasizes only short-term target setting and move to an effective strategic approach. It examines early evidence from research on what dimensions are critical in establishing a strategically focused school within a medium-term…

Davies, Brent

2004-01-01

334

Professional Communication through Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews studies of journal articles as a means of professional communication in the field of library and information science. The focus has been on content analysis and bibliometrics, which includes author, topic, and citation analysis. (LAM)

Rochester, Maxine K.

1996-01-01

335

Understanding the role of gender in body image research settings: participant gender preferences for researchers and co-participants in interviews, focus groups and interventions.  

PubMed

Participant gender preferences for body image researchers, interventionists and focus group and intervention co-participants have been largely ignored, despite recognition that such characteristics can influence the nature and quality of data collected and intervention effects. To address this, Australian women (n=505) and men (n=220) completed a questionnaire about their preferences for interviewers and focus group facilitators, for teachers delivering school-based interventions, and for co-participants in these settings. Women predominantly preferred female interviewers and teachers, and mixed-sex co-participants, but most had no preference for focus group facilitators. Body dissatisfied women were more likely to prefer female researchers and single-sex co-participants. Most men did not have specific preferences, however, body dissatisfied men were more likely to report a gender preference for interviewers and teachers. Professional capabilities, personal qualities and appearance were regarded as important researcher characteristics. These findings have important implications for body image research, particularly among high-risk groups. PMID:23876877

Yager, Zali; Diedrichs, Phillippa C; Drummond, Murray

2013-09-01

336

Early Detection Research Worldwide  

Cancer.gov

Genetic research on cancer has grown tremendously in the last decade, and the increase in the number of published research articles has been truly phenomenal. However, molecular and genetic research focusing on the early detection of cancer is still lagging.

337

Intense Focused Ultrasound as a Potential Research Tool for the Quantification of Diurnal Inflammatory Pain  

PubMed Central

Quantifying pain through assay of a human’s or animal’s response to a known stimulus as a function of time of day is a critical means of advancing chronotherapeutic pain management. Current methods for quantifying pain, even in the context of etiologies involving deep tissue, generally involve stimulation by quantifiable means of either cutaneous (heat-lamp tests, electrical stimuli) or both cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue (von Frey hairs, tourniquets, etc.) or study of proxies for pain (such as stress, via assay of cortisol levels). In this study, we evaluate the usefulness of intense Focused Ultrasound (iFU), already shown to generate sensations and other biological effects deep to the skin, as a means of quantifying deep diurnal pain using a standard animal model of inflammation. Beginning five days after injection of Complete Freund’s Adjuvant into the plantar surface of the rat’s right hind paw to induce inflammation, the rats were divided into two groups, the light-phase test group (09:00h–18:00h) and the dark-phase test group (23:00h–06:00h), both of which underwent iFU application deep to the skin. We used two classes of iFU protocol, motivated by the extant literature. One consisted of a single pulse (SP) lasting 0.375 seconds. The other, a multiple pulse (MP) protocol, consisted of multiple iFU pulses each of length 0.075s spaced 0.075s apart. We found the night group’s threshold for reliable paw withdrawal to be significantly higher than that of the day group as assayed by each iFU protocol. These results are consistent with the observation that the response to mechanical stimuli by humans and rodents display diurnal variations, as well as the ability of iFU to generate sensations via mechanical stimulation. Since iFU can provide a consistent method to quantify pain from deep, inflamed tissue, it may represent a useful adjunct to those studying diurnal pain associated with deep tissue as well as chronotherapeutics targeting that pain.

Garcia, Josephine D.; Gofeld, Michael; Illian, P. Ray; Loeser, John D.; Kliot, Michel; McClintic, Abbi M.; Ward, Alice; Yao, Anning; Mourad, Pierre D.

2012-01-01

338

Cover Picture: Rapid Research Letter - Focusing slabs made of negative index materials based on inhomogeneous dielectric rods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Rapid Research Letter [1] it is shown that a flat array of dielectric rods can act as a focusing lens of good quality - provided the rods have specified gradients of the dielectric constant. This design is superior to conventional photonic crystals (PC) utilizing homogeneous rods since the lens can be smaller and has better properties in a broader wavelength range.The cover picture is an artist's view of the PC lens made from dielectric rods consisting of three layers with the refractive index increasing from the margin to the center of the rod, focusing a light beam into a small spot. The focusing spot is controlled by the parameters of the rods and their arrangement in the PC slab.The first author, Dr. Vladimir Sergentu, is a senior researcher of the Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Structures in Chisinau, Moldova, which works on the design of PC based optical elements in collaboration with the Universities of Kiel and Rochester.

Sergentu, V. V.; Ursaki, V. V.; Tiginyanu, I. M.; Foca, E.; Föll, H.; Boyd, Robert W.

2006-05-01

339

Supporting Research at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center Through Focused Education and Outreach Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA research scientists work closely with Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI) personnel at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) on a large variety of education and public outreach (E/PO) initiatives. This work includes assistance in conceptualizing E/PO plans, then carrying through in the development of materials, publication, cataloging, warehousing, and product distribution. For instance, outreach efforts on the Terra, Aqua, and Aura-still in development-EOS missions, as well as planetary and visualization programs, have been coordinated by SSAI employees. E/PO support includes convening and taking part in sessions at professional meetings and workshops. Also included is the coordination of exhibits at professional meetings such as the AGU, AAAS, AMS and educational meetings such as the National Science Teachers Association. Other E/PO efforts include the development and staffing of booths; arranges for booth space and furnishings; shipping of exhibition materials and products; assembling, stocking, and disassembling of booths. E/PO personnel work with organizations external to NASA such as the Smithsonian museum, Library of Congress, U.S. Geological Survey, and associations or societies such as the AGU, American Chemical Society, and National Science Teachers Association to develop products and programs that enhance NASA mission E/PO efforts or to provide NASA information for use in their programs. At GSFC, E/PO personnel coordinate the efforts of the education and public outreach sub-committees in support of the Space and Earth Sciences Data Analysis (SESDA) contract within the GSFC Earth Sciences Directorate. The committee acts as a forum for improving communication and coordination among related Earth science education projects, and strives to unify the representation of these programs among the science and education communities. To facilitate these goals a Goddard Earth Sciences Directorate Education and Outreach Portal has been developed to provide a repository and clearinghouse for upcoming education events, and a speaker's bureau. The committees are planning a series of workshops in the near future to expand participation, and further leverage respective Earth science education and outreach efforts through cooperative work with other NASA centers. Founded in 1977 as a minority, women-owned business, SSAI's staff includes a large and varied pool of scientists, E/PO employees covering a broad range of training and talents. SSAI provides support on a number of NASA related projects at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, Maryland ranging from science research to data acquisition, storage, and distribution.

Ireton, F.; Closs, J.

2003-12-01

340

Database Citation in Full Text Biomedical Articles  

PubMed Central

Molecular biology and literature databases represent essential infrastructure for life science research. Effective integration of these data resources requires that there are structured cross-references at the level of individual articles and biological records. Here, we describe the current patterns of how database entries are cited in research articles, based on analysis of the full text Open Access articles available from Europe PMC. Focusing on citation of entries in the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA), UniProt and Protein Data Bank, Europe (PDBe), we demonstrate that text mining doubles the number of structured annotations of database record citations supplied in journal articles by publishers. Many thousands of new literature-database relationships are found by text mining, since these relationships are also not present in the set of articles cited by database records. We recommend that structured annotation of database records in articles is extended to other databases, such as ArrayExpress and Pfam, entries from which are also cited widely in the literature. The very high precision and high-throughput of this text-mining pipeline makes this activity possible both accurately and at low cost, which will allow the development of new integrated data services.

Kafkas, Senay; Kim, Jee-Hyub; McEntyre, Johanna R.

2013-01-01

341

An Engine Research Program Focused on Low Pressure Turbine Aerodynamic Performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive test program was performed in the Propulsion Systems Laboratory at the NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland Ohio using a highly instrumented Pratt and Whitney Canada PW 545 turbofan engine. A key objective of this program was the development of a high-altitude database on small, high-bypass ratio engine performance and operability. In particular, the program documents the impact of altitude (Reynolds Number) on the aero-performance of the low-pressure turbine (fan turbine). A second objective was to assess the ability of a state-of-the-art CFD code to predict the effect of Reynolds number on the efficiency of the low-pressure turbine. CFD simulation performed prior and after the engine tests will be presented and discussed. Key findings are the ability of a state-of-the art CFD code to accurately predict the impact of Reynolds Number on the efficiency and flow capacity of the low-pressure turbine. In addition the CFD simulations showed the turbulent intensity exiting the low-pressure turbine to be high (9%). The level is consistent with measurements taken within an engine.

Castner, Raymond; Wyzykowski, John; Chiapetta, Santo; Adamczyk, John

2002-01-01

342

How to Research People's First Impressions of Websites? Eye-Tracking as a Usability Inspection Method and Online Focus Group Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The visual surface of the Hungarian governmental portal - magyarorszag.hu - was inspected in 2007 with two different inspection methods: Eye tacking research and Online focus group research. Both methods help to understand and to chart not only the usability of different websites but also the affective imp ressions associated with the websites. In this study, an Experimental and a Control-group were tested to assess the usability of the site and the emotional re actions to it. The results reveal that the Hungarian government website is too complicated, dull and difficult to apprehend at a glance.

Herendy, Csilla

343

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 22: Establishing a research agenda for Scientific and Technical Information (STI): Focus on the user  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal is the creation of a generally accepted, systematically developed and implemented, but user focused, research agenda for the Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) and the Technical Information Panel (TIP) member countries. Information use seldom exists as an isolated incident. Information use usually takes place within organizational and interpersonal contexts. Therefore, it should not be studied in isolation, but rather in an holistic environment. Once implemented, this research agenda could be completed within 3 to 5 years. The results would be generalizable to AGARD member nations, would form the basis for the development of theory based practice, and would form a significant body of knowledge that can be used by AGARD information professionals for policy, practice, product, and systems development.

Pinelli, Thomas E.

1992-01-01

344

Environmental Flux and Locally Focused College Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews insights from place-based education and ecological models of writing to show how these theories can work together to shape locally focused composition pedagogies. From place-based education, the researcher takes an emphasis on physical specificity, and from ecological models of writing, the researcher takes an emphasis on…

Shepley, Nathan

2014-01-01

345

FindArticles.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new service is a partnership between LookSmart and the Gale Group, a publisher of research and reference materials for libraries, businesses, and information technologists. The site offers free access to the full-text of articles published in over 350 magazines and journals dating from 1998. Users can search the database by keyword and by one of the nine subject categories (Arts & Entertainment, Computers & Technology, Reference & Education, Sports, etc.). Search returns include article title, periodical, and short description, with a link to the full-text, which is conveniently and quickly displayed at the FindArticles site, though with numerous advertising banners. Visitors can also view a list of the publications indexed, alphabetically or by subject. Periodical listings include a one-sentence description and a link to their Website. Despite the banners and other commercial content (the bills must be paid, after all) this site is a very useful reference source, indexing many leading journals and magazines.

346

Guidelines for Article Preparation for the Transactions on Rough Sets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document3 focuses on how to prepare a research article for submission to the Transactions on Rough Sets (TRS), which is a jour- nal subline of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) published by Springer4. The TRS journal is an outgrowth of the pioneering work on rough sets by Zdzis law Pawlak and many others during the past 25

James F. Peters; Andrzej Skowron

347

Using a Research Article to Foster Moral Reflection and Global Awareness in Teaching about Religion and Politics, Theory Testing, and Democracy in the Muslim World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraging students to reflect on their ethical principles and to develop a global outlook have been identified as key pedagogical goals in recent national reports on higher education. This article shows how instructors can use a current article from the "American Sociological Review (ASR)" to facilitate moral reflection and global awareness. The…

Davis, Nancy J.; Robinson, Robert V.

2006-01-01

348

Insect Behavior: Student Review Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Colorado State University entomology professor Dr. Louis Bjostad provides this interesting resource of review articles on insect behavior. Each review article was written by a student as part of a graduate level course held in Spring 1999; review articles consist of a three to six paragraph summary of research, followed by a dozen or more recent references. Titles include "Communal Roosting in Insects" and "Behavioral Aspects of Biological Control of Spider Mites," among dozens of others. For those interested in reading summaries of (and finding references to) recent scientific articles on insect behavior, this is an excellent starting place.

349

William H. Calvin Books and Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The full-text of several books authored by University of Washington professor William H. Calvin are available online. His newest book A Brain for All Seasons (A Scientific American book of the month) is about "what sudden climate flips did to human evolution over the last 2.5 million years." Most of his other books also focus on the subjects of the brain and human evolution. The hyperlinked table of contents makes browsing these texts more manageable. This Web page also includes other information about Calvin, including research, lectures, and shorter articles.

2002-01-01

350

Publishing International Counseling Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

2011-01-01

351

Preventing HIV infection among young immigrant Latino men: results from focus groups using community-based participatory research.  

PubMed Central

Latinos in the United States have been disproportionately affected by the intersecting epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to problem identification and exploration, a total of 74 Latino men (mean age 22.3, range 18-37) residing in an urban city in northwest North Carolina participated in one of eight focus groups on sexual health. Among the findings of this study, >75% of participants reported Mexico as their country of origin; other participants reported being from Central and South American countries. Qualitative data analysis identified 13 themes, which were grouped into the following three domains: 1) psychosocial factors identified as influencing sexual risk health behaviors; 2) system-level barriers to sexual health; and 3) characteristics of potentially effective HIV prevention intervention approaches. The study findings suggest that community-based, male-centered interpersonal networks that provide individual and group education and skill-building and incorporate curanderos (Latino healers) and bilingual experts may be important elements of potentially effective intervention approaches to reach Latino men, who have been inaccessible to conventional HIV prevention programs.

Rhodes, Scott D.; Hergenrather, Kenneth C.; Wilkin, Aimee; Alegria-Ortega, Jose; Montano, Jaime

2006-01-01

352

“The Western Gaze”—An Analysis of Medical Research Publications Concerning the Expressions of Depression, Focusing on Ethnicity and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aim of this study was to explore how authors of medical articles wrote about different symptoms and expressions of depression in men and women from various ethnic groups as well as to analyze the meaning of gender and ethnicity for expressions of depression. A database search was carried out using PubMed. Thirty articles were identified and analyzed using qualitative

Arja Helena Lehti; Eva E. Johansson; Carita Bengs; Ulla Danielsson; Anne Hammarström

2010-01-01

353

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

354

Evaluation of a Community-Based Participatory Research Consortium from the Perspective of Academics and Community Service Providers Focused on Child Health and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A process evaluation of a consortium of academic researchers and community-based service providers focused on the health and well-being of children and families provides empirical and practice-based evidence of those factors important for community-based participatory research (CBPR). This study draws on quantitative ratings of 33 factors…

Pivik, Jayne R.; Goelman, Hillel

2011-01-01

355

The Business Education Index 1988. Index of Business Education Articles, Research Studies, and Textbooks Compiled from a Selected List of Periodicals, Publishers, and Yearbooks Published During the Year 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This index, changed in the focus of the research as well as in its format, covers business education publications and those related to business education. Priority is given to journals that are essential to research and teaching in the broad business education spectrum with emphasis on information systems (including business communications),…

Lundgren, Carol A., Ed.

1989-01-01

356

EPA's new research focus on ecosystem services, with a study of biofuels expansion in the Midwestern U.S.  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's Ecological Research Program is initiating new research to characterize ecosystem services and to enable their routine consideration in environmental management and policy. Research will be organized around two foci: ecosystem type (wetlands and coral reefs will be studied) ...

357

Agent-Based Personal Article Citation Assistant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific researchers usually need to deal with a large number of scientific and technical articles. A handy toolkit to facilitate retrieval and identification of these articles is vital. This paper presents an agent-based personal article citation assistant (APACA). As an autonomous agent, it provides extensive and efficient assistance for users to identify most related citations in a local article repository

C. Ma; J. Q. Feng; Q. H. Wu

2005-01-01

358

Articles About Reflexology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of articles, provided by Positive Health Magazine, provides information on reflexology for stroke; vertical reflexology; precision reflexology; reflexology for skin disorders; and integrating color with reflexology. The collection of articles also offers some case studies in reflexology. Most of the articles are lengthy and provide helpful color illustrations. The articles would be of interest to aspiring and practicing reflexologists, as well as massage therapists and other practitioners of therapeutic massage.

2007-04-22

359

The evolution of robotics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys traditional research topics in industrial robotics and mobile robotics and then expands on new trends in robotics research that focus more on the interaction between human and robot. The new trends in robotics research have been denominated service robotics because of their general goal of getting robots closer to human social needs, and this article surveys research

Elena Garcia; MARIA ANTONIA JIMENEZ; PABLO GONZALEZ DE SANTOS; Manuel Armada

2007-01-01

360

Collection of NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Articles That Address Women and Sex/Gender Differences Research (Revised September 2006).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supports most of the world's research on drug abuse and addiction. NIDA-funded research enables scientists to apply the most advanced techniques available to the study of every aspect of drug abuse, including: g...

2006-01-01

361

Focus. Volume 26, Number 1, Summer-Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) The new global labor market (Richard B. Freeman); (2)…

Caspar, Emma, Ed.

2008-01-01

362

Google Scholar's Ranking Algorithm: The Impact of Articles' Age (An Empirical Study)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Google Scholar is one of the major academic search engines but its ranking algorithm for academic articles is unknown. In recent studies we partly reverse-engineered the algorithm. This paper presents the results of our third study. While the first study provided a broad overview and the second study focused on researching the impact of citation counts, the current study focused

Jöran Beel; Bela Gipp

2009-01-01

363

Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / research and development of a reverse engineering system for local industrial articles (first fiscal year).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper described the fiscal 1997 result of the research on the application of local industrial article use reverse engineering (RE, it had been regarded as imitation and reproduction technology, but has recently been as a part of the production informa...

1998-01-01

364

"The Western gaze"--an analysis of medical research publications concerning the expressions of depression, focusing on ethnicity and gender.  

PubMed

Our aim of this study was to explore how authors of medical articles wrote about different symptoms and expressions of depression in men and women from various ethnic groups as well as to analyze the meaning of gender and ethnicity for expressions of depression. A database search was carried out using PubMed. Thirty articles were identified and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Approaches differ with regard to how depression is described and interpreted in different cultures in relation to illness complaints, illness meaning, and diagnosis of depression. Articles often present issues based on a Western point of view. This may lead to "cultural or gender gaps," which we refer to as "the Western gaze," which may in turn influence the diagnosis of depression. PMID:20390640

Lehti, Arja Helena; Johansson, Eva E; Bengs, Carita; Danielsson, Ulla; Hammarström, Anne

2010-02-01

365

Consistency and Change in Participatory Action Research: Reflections on a Focus Group Study about How Farmers Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to reflect on our efforts to balance consistency in our multi-year participatory action research study with the need to adapt our research protocol to what we are learning along the way. While both are important, we share several examples of how our flexibility and openness to adapt our protocol to our research

Piercy, Fred P.; Franz, Nancy; Donaldson, Joseph L.; Richard, Robert F.

2011-01-01

366

Suggested Procedures for Installing Strain Gauges on Langley Research Center Wind Tunnel Balances, Custom Force Measuring Transducers, Metallic and Composite Structural Test Articles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The character of force and strain measurement testing at LaRC is such that the types of strain gauge installations, the materials upon which the strain gauges are applied, and the test environments encountered, require many varied approaches. In 1997, a NASA Technical Memorandum (NASA TM 110327) was generated to provide the strain gauge application specialist with a listing of recommended procedures for strain gauging various transducers and test articles at LaRC. The technical memorandum offered here is an effort to keep the strain gauge user informed of new technological enhancements in strain-gauging methodology while preserving the strain-gauging guidelines set forth in the 1997 TM. This document provides detailed recommendations for strain gauging LaRC-designed balances and custom transducers, composite materials, cryogenic and high-temperature test articles, and selected non-typical or unique materials or test conditions. Additionally, one section offers details for installing Bragg-Grating type fiber-optic strain sensors for non-typical test scenarios.

Moore, Thomas C., Sr.

2004-01-01

367

USE OF FOCUS GROUPS IN MULTI-SITE, MULTI-ETHNIC RESEARCH PROJECTS FOR WOMEN'S HEALTH: A STUDY OF WOMEN ACROSS THE NATION (SWAN) EXAMPLE  

PubMed Central

Objective To outline the lessons learned about the use of focus groups for the multi-site, multi-ethnic longitudinal Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN). Focus groups were designed to identify potential cultural differences in the incidence of symptoms and the meaning of transmenopause among women of diverse cultures, and to identify effective recruitment and retention strategies. Design Inductive and deductive focus groups for a multi-ethnic study. Setting Seven community research sites across the United States conducted focus groups with six ethnic populations: African American, Chinese American, Japanese American, Mexican American, non-Hispanic white, and Puerto Rican. Patients or Participants Community women from each ethnic group of color. Interventions A set of four/five focus groups in each ethnic group as the formative stage of the deductive, quantitative SWAN survey. Main Outcome Measures Identification of methodological advantages and challenges to the successful implementation of formative focus groups in a multi-ethnic, multi-site population-based epidemiologic study. Results We provide recommendations from our lessons learned to improve the use of focus groups in future studies with multi-ethnic populations. Conclusions Mixed methods using inductive and deductive approaches require the scientific integrity of both research paradigms. Adequate resources and time must be budgeted as essential parts of the overall strategy from the outset of study. Inductive cross-cultural researchers should be key team members, beginning with inception through each subsequent design phase to increase the scientific validity, generalizability, and comparability of the results across diverse ethnic groups, to assure the relevance, validity and applicability of the findings to the multicultural population of focus.

Kagawa-Singer, Marjorie; Adler, Shelley R.; Mouton, Charles P.; Ory, Marcia; Underwood, Lynne G.

2010-01-01

368

Method of drying articles  

DOEpatents

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: a. Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and b. contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the green article, the pore phase material acting as a semipermeable barrier to allow the solvent to be sorbed into the liquid desiccant, the pore phase material substantially preventing the liquid desiccant from entering the pores.

Janney, Mark A. (Knoxville, TN); Kiggans, Jr., James O. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01

369

Method of drying articles  

DOEpatents

A method of drying a green particulate article includes the steps of: (a) Providing a green article which includes a particulate material and a pore phase material, the pore phase material including a solvent; and (b) contacting the green article with a liquid desiccant for a period of time sufficient to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the green article, the pore phase material acting as a semipermeable barrier to allow the solvent to be sorbed into the liquid desiccant, the pore phase material substantially preventing the liquid desiccant from entering the pores. 3 figs.

Janney, M.A.; Kiggans, J.O. Jr.

1999-03-23

370

ADS Article Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Astrophysics Data System, a database funded by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration, provides access to scanned astronomical journal articles. The database currently contains sixteen journals, including Astronomy & Astrophysics and Meteoritics & Planetary Sciences, from which articles may be viewed. To find articles, specify volume number and page or plate number. The database is restricted to archived journals; most journals are available through 1996, with a few available through 1997. In addition, the articles can be accessed through separate table of contents and abstract services also provided by ADS.

371

GEOGRAPHIC INDEX OF ENVIRONMENTAL ARTICLES  

EPA Science Inventory

This index was produced in accordance with the "Environmental Research Geographic Location Act," Public Law 101-617, enacted by the U.S. Congress on Nov. 16, 1990. ompiled by EPA, it is a quick reference for finding published articles about environmental issues for geographic loc...

372

Role of focus-on-form instruction, corrective feedback and uptake in second language classrooms: some insights from recent second language acquisition research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable number of studies on focus-on-form instruction, corrective feedback and uptake have been carried out in the field of second language acquisition (SLA) research over the last two decades. These studies have investigated the above-mentioned concepts from different perspectives, in a number of different contexts and in a number of different ways. This paper systematically reviews recent research on

Oksana Afitska

2012-01-01

373

Permaculture Magazine Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Permaculture Magazine offers a selection of gratis online articles. According to the site, this section "has sample articles from previous issues of Permaculture Magazine. These have been chosen primarily to give an idea of the broad range of subjects covered by the magazine" back to issue number nine. Topics include ecofarming, bird management, earthen huts, and pollution control.

2008-04-03

374

Nanotechnology Featured Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Three articles from each issue of the Institute of Physics Nanotechnology journal are freely available to all visitors. The selections from the journal are made based on the Editor's choice, or due to their topicality. As a result, the titles are subject to change. The articles are located at the bottom of the page.

375

African American Men's and Women's Perceptions of Clinical Trials Research: Focusing on Prostate Cancer among a High-Risk Population in the South  

PubMed Central

While African Americans are at significantly higher risk for developing certain cancers, they also have low rates of participation in cancer research, particularly clinical trials. This study assessed both African American men’s and African American women’s (1) knowledge of and participation in cancer-related clinical research and (2) barriers to and motivations for participating in clinical research. Data were collected from a total of 81 participants. Phase I of this research consisted of qualitative focus groups (all 81 participants). Phase II included quantitative pre/post survey data from an education program (56 participants). Findings from the study revealed that African American men and women had poor knowledge about clinical trials and the informed consent process, limited experience in participating in clinical trials, and they feared and mistrusted cancer research. Participants identified incentives, assurance of safety, knowledge and awareness, and benefiting others as motivators to participate in clinical trials research.

Owens, Otis L.; Jackson, Dawnyea D.; Thomas, Tracey L.; Friedman, Daniela B.; Hebert, James R.

2013-01-01

376

Re-appraisal and extension of the Gratton-Vargas two-dimensional analytical snowplow model of plasma focus evolution in the context of contemporary research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent resurgence of interest in applications of dense plasma focus and doubts about the conventional view of dense plasma focus as a purely irrotational compressive flow have re-opened questions concerning device optimization. In this context, this paper re-appraises and extends the analytical snowplow model of plasma focus sheath evolution developed by F. Gratton and J. M. Vargas [Energy Storage, Compression and Switching, edited by V. Nardi, H. Sahlin, and W. H. Bostick (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 2, p. 353)] and shows its relevance to contemporary research. The Gratton-Vargas (GV) model enables construction of a special orthogonal coordinate system in which the plasma flow problem can be simplified and a model of sheath structure can be formulated. The Lawrenceville Plasma Physics (LPP) plasma focus facility, which reports neutron yield better than global scaling law, is shown to be operating closer to an optimum operating point of the GV model as compared with PF-1000.

Auluck, S. K. H.

2013-11-01

377

Re-appraisal and extension of the Gratton-Vargas two-dimensional analytical snowplow model of plasma focus evolution in the context of contemporary research  

SciTech Connect

Recent resurgence of interest in applications of dense plasma focus and doubts about the conventional view of dense plasma focus as a purely irrotational compressive flow have re-opened questions concerning device optimization. In this context, this paper re-appraises and extends the analytical snowplow model of plasma focus sheath evolution developed by F. Gratton and J. M. Vargas [Energy Storage, Compression and Switching, edited by V. Nardi, H. Sahlin, and W. H. Bostick (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 2, p. 353)] and shows its relevance to contemporary research. The Gratton-Vargas (GV) model enables construction of a special orthogonal coordinate system in which the plasma flow problem can be simplified and a model of sheath structure can be formulated. The Lawrenceville Plasma Physics (LPP) plasma focus facility, which reports neutron yield better than global scaling law, is shown to be operating closer to an optimum operating point of the GV model as compared with PF-1000.

Auluck, S. K. H. [Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)] [Physics Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)

2013-11-15

378

A Research Paper on the Status of Law-Focused Education in the United States, 1978-1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of law-focused education in the United States traces the legal education movement from 1962 to the present and discusses the functions and advantages of legal programs. Current efforts to revitalize legal instruction are the result of the ineffectiveness of past teaching approaches, a growing legal consciousness in the average adult,…

Morrison, Deanna M.

379

Youth REP Step By Step: An Introduction to Youth-Led Research and Evaluation. Youth in Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents step-by-step guidelines to help communities and organizations implement youth-led research, evaluation, and planning (Youth REP) as a way of empowering youth to participate in community development and social transformation. The guide offers an overview of youth-led research and evaluation project stages and critical…

Silva, Elena; Zimmerman, Kristen; Erbstein, Nancy

380

An Experiential Research-Focused Approach: Implementation in a Nonlaboratory-Based Graduate-Level Analytical Chemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project is described which incorporates nonlaboratory research skills in a graduate level course on analytical chemistry. This project will help students to grasp the basic principles and concepts of modern analytical techniques and also help them develop relevant research skills in analytical chemistry.

Toh, Chee-Seng

2007-01-01

381

An Output Perspective on the Teaching-Research Nexus: An Analysis Focusing on the United States Higher Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study demonstrates that teaching and research can be leveraged synergistically and contribute to research outputs. In particular, it is critical to consider the nature of the learning environment associated with the teaching effort. First, by distinguishing between graduate and undergraduate education, the authors conclude that…

Horta, Hugo; Dautel, Vincent; Veloso, Francisco M.

2012-01-01

382

The Influence of Power Shifts in Data Collection and Analysis Stages: A Focus on Qualitative Research Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the power relation between the interviewer and the interviewee in the qualitative research interview methodology. The paper sets out to grapple with the extent to which the dynamisms in power shifts influence data collection and analysis in the interview methodology. The exploration of power shifts in the qualitative research

Anyan, Frederick

2013-01-01

383

Doing Institutional Research: A Focus on Professional Development. Papers from the Annual Meeting of the North East Association for Institutional Research (9th, Durham, New Hampshire, October 17-19, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional research that focuses on professional development is addressed in 35 papers from the 1982 meeting of the North East Association for Institutional Research. Titles and authors include the following: "Modeling College Student Adjustment and Retention for the Individual Institution" (Norman D. Aitken); "The Development Saga of an…

Green, Diana M., Ed.

384

Toward an integrative understanding of narrative and emotion processes in Emotion-focused therapy of depression: implications for theory, research and practice.  

PubMed

This paper addresses the fundamental contributions of client narrative disclosure in psychotherapy and its importance for the elaboration of new emotional meanings and self understanding in the context of Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) of depression. An overview of the multi-methodological steps undertaken to empirically investigate the contributions of client story telling, emotional differentiation and meaning-making processes (Narrative Processes Coding System; Angus et al., 1999) in EFT treatments of depression is provided, followed by a summary of key research findings that informed the development of a narrative-informed approach to Emotion-focused therapy of depression (Angus & Greenberg, 2011). Finally, the clinical practice and training implications of adopting a research-informed approach to working with narrative and emotion processes in EFT are described, and future research directions discussed. PMID:22646796

Angus, Lynne

2012-01-01

385

Article Watch, December 2013  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University–University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive A.

2013-01-01

386

Article Watch: July 2014  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA. Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the Editorial Board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive A.

2014-01-01

387

Article Watch: April 2014  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Regents University/University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens, GA 30606, USA (Phone: 706-713-2216; Fax: 706-713-2221; E-mail; cslaught@uga.edu), or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive A.

2014-01-01

388

Article Watch, April 2012  

PubMed Central

This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, Georgia Health Sciences University-University of Georgia Medical Partnership, 279 William St., Athens GA 30607-1777. Phone: 706-369-5945; Fax: 706-369-5936; E-mail: cslaught@uga.edu; or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.

Slaughter, Clive

2012-01-01

389

End points and trial design in geriatric oncology research: a joint European organisation for research and treatment of cancer--Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology--International Society Of Geriatric Oncology position article.  

PubMed

Selecting the most appropriate end points for clinical trials is important to assess the value of new treatment strategies. Well-established end points for clinical research exist in oncology but may not be as relevant to the older cancer population because of competing risks of death and potentially increased impact of therapy on global functioning and quality of life. This article discusses specific clinical end points and their advantages and disadvantages for older individuals. Randomized or single-arm phase II trials can provide insight into the range of efficacy and toxicity in older populations but ideally need to be confirmed in phase III trials, which are unfortunately often hindered by the severe heterogeneity of the older cancer population, difficulties with selection bias depending on inclusion criteria, physician perception, and barriers in willingness to participate. All clinical trials in oncology should be without an upper age limit to allow entry of eligible older adults. In settings where so-called standard therapy is not feasible, specific trials for older patients with cancer might be required, integrating meaningful measures of outcome. Not all questions can be answered in randomized clinical trials, and large observational cohort studies or registries within the community setting should be established (preferably in parallel to randomized trials) so that treatment patterns across different settings can be compared with impact on outcome. Obligatory integration of a comparable form of geriatric assessment is recommended in future studies, and regulatory organizations such as the European Medicines Agency and US Food and Drug Administration should require adequate collection of data on efficacy and toxicity of new drugs in fit and frail elderly subpopulations. PMID:24019549

Wildiers, Hans; Mauer, Murielle; Pallis, Athanasios; Hurria, Arti; Mohile, Supriya G; Luciani, Andrea; Curigliano, Giuseppe; Extermann, Martine; Lichtman, Stuart M; Ballman, Karla; Cohen, Harvey Jay; Muss, Hyman; Wedding, Ulrich

2013-10-10

390

Emerald Engineering Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage from Emerald Publishing features a collection of recently published journals and articles pertaining to engineering technology, in particular, electronics, bio, chemical and medical. Of the 16 engineering journals published by Emerald, 14 are listed in ISI.

2010-11-15

391

Decreasing Putting Yips in Accomplished Golfers via Solution-Focused Guided Imagery: A Single-Subject Research Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

An across-subjects multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of solution-focused guided imagery (SFGI) on putting yips (e.g., jerk in the putting stroke) in three experienced (24 years or more), accomplished (handicap less than 7), male golfers located in the Southeastern United States. Each golfer participated in at least five SFGI sessions designed to guide him to create vivid

Robert J. Bell; Christopher H. Skinner; Leslee A. Fisher

2009-01-01

392

Research in the Schools, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal publishes articles that focus on the result of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research,descriptions of classroom techniques, studies of assessments, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 of Volume 7 contains these articles: (1) "Predicting First Grade Achievement from Kindergarten…

McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.

2000-01-01

393

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT FOR SMALL COMMUNITIES: A FOCUS ON EPA'S RESEARCH (EPA/640/K-94/003)  

EPA Science Inventory

This document summarizes for a general audience studies by EPAs Office of Research and Development (ORD) to test and evaluate drinking water treatment technologies for small communities. The ORD is working with industry, states, and communities to adapt alternative ...

394

Accommodating Translational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an article in a series illustrating the way scholars in communication have pursued translating their research into practice. The translational nature of communication accommodation theory and examples of its application are the focus of this contribution.

Giles, Howard

2008-01-01

395

Extraordinary Opportunities for Early Cancer Detection and Risk Assessment Research 2000: Early Detection Research Worldwide  

Cancer.gov

Genetic research on cancer has grown tremendously in the last decade, and the increase in the number of published research articles has been truly phenomenal. However, molecular and genetic research focusing on the early detection of cancer is still lagging.

396

Latin-Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in 1998, Latin-Focus "enables executives and research analysts alike to find the latest available data from government sources, economic forecasts, market analysis covering economic performance, political risk assessments and financial market developments" in Latin American countries. The front page of the site offers current data as well as daily news and commentary. In the News and Commentary section, the title and source of the article are given, along with the subject country and language. Past articles are archived by date, although the site does note that news briefs may have expired. News may also be searched by country. Along the left side of the screen, eight countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela, are highlighted. Clicking on one of these countries will bring up a menu consisting of Economic Indicators, Economic Forecasts, Release Calendar, Economic Briefing, Fact Sheet, and Web Directory. Each of these topics links to further subtopics or a variety of short online reports and graphs. This well-designed site offers clear, basic information for those studying economic issues in Latin America.

397

Research in the Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research in the Schools" publishes empirical studies focusing on the results of applied educational research, scholarly reviews of research, descriptions of technology applications and innovative teaching strategies, and other topics of interest to educational researchers. Issue number 1 contains these articles: (1) "Factors Associated with…

McLean, James E., Ed.; Kaufman, Alan S., Ed.

2001-01-01

398

Research and development of an electron beam focusing system for a high-brightness X-ray generator.  

PubMed

A new type of rotating anticathode X-ray generator, where an electron beam of up to 60 keV irradiates the inner surface of a U-shaped Cu anticathode, has achieved a beam brilliance of 130 kW mm(-2) (at 2.3 kW). A higher-flux electron beam is expected from simulation by optimizing the geometry of a combined-function-type magnet instead of the fringing field of the bending magnet. In order to minimize the size of the X-ray source the electron beam has been focused over a short distance by a new combined-function bending magnet, whose geometrical shape was determined by simulation using the Opera-3D, General Particle Tracer and CST-STUDIO codes. The result of the simulation clearly shows that the role of combined functions in both the bending and the steering magnets is important for focusing the beam to a small size. FWHM sizes of the beam are predicted by simulation to be 0.45 mm (horizontal) and 0.05 mm (vertical) for a 120 keV/75 mA beam, of which the effective brilliance is about 500 kW mm(-2) on the supposition of a two-dimensional Gaussian distribution. High-power tests have begun using a high-voltage 120 kV/75 mA power supply for the X-ray generator instead of 60 kV/100 mA. The beam focus size on the target will be verified in the experiments. PMID:21169692

Sakai, Takeshi; Ohsawa, Satoshi; Sakabe, Noriyoshi; Sugimura, Takashi; Ikeda, Mitsuo

2011-01-01

399

Collaboration range: Effects of geographical proximity on article impact  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatial scientometrics studies how geography influences knowledge creation. In the recent years there has been a surge in this kind of studies, due to the increase of international collaborations. Most of the work in this field has been focused on the geographical distribution of researchers, whilst few have considered how proximity between coauthors influences research quality. In this work we leverage a dataset of geolocalized articles to assess the effect of geographical distance on article impact. More precisely, the dataset, provided by the Observatory of Science and Technology (O.S.T.), consists of roughly 106 scientific articles, gathering all European articles written in 2000 and 2007, spanning 9 disciplines. We evaluate under which geographical extent coauthorships have higher probability of resulting in high impact articles ("high impact" is here approximated by "being in the top 10% most cited articles of its discipline"). We also describe spatial distribution of coauthorship, delineating geographical areas where the production is proportionally higher. The distribution is evaluated both in term of km (as the crow flies), and in terms of administrative partitions (authors' cities, regions, countries).

Apolloni, Andrea; Rouquier, Jean-Baptiste; Jensen, Pablo

2013-09-01

400

Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open access (OA) to the research literature has the potential to accelerate recognition and dissemination of research findings, but its actual effects are controversial. This was a longitudinal bibliometric analysis of a cohort of OA and non-OA articles published between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004, in the same journal (PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences). Article

Gunther Eysenbach

2006-01-01

401

Recompressed exfoliated graphite articles  

DOEpatents

This invention provides an electrically conductive, less anisotropic, recompressed exfoliated graphite article comprising a mixture of (a) expanded or exfoliated graphite flakes; and (b) particles of non-expandable graphite or carbon, wherein the non-expandable graphite or carbon particles are in the amount of between about 3% and about 70% by weight based on the total weight of the particles and the expanded graphite flakes combined; wherein the mixture is compressed to form the article having an apparent bulk density of from about 0.1 g/cm.sup.3 to about 2.0 g/cm.sup.3. The article exhibits a thickness-direction conductivity typically greater than 50 S/cm, more typically greater than 100 S/cm, and most typically greater than 200 S/cm. The article, when used in a thin foil or sheet form, can be a useful component in a sheet molding compound plate used as a fuel cell separator or flow field plate. The article may also be used as a current collector for a battery, supercapacitor, or any other electrochemical cell.

Zhamu, Aruna; Shi, Jinjun; Guo, Jiusheng; Jang, Bor Z

2013-08-06

402

Introduction to deep sequencing and its application to drug addiction research with a focus on rare variants.  

PubMed

Through linkage analysis, candidate gene approach, and genome-wide association studies (GWAS), many genetic susceptibility factors for substance dependence have been discovered such as the alcohol dehydrogenase gene (ALDH2) for alcohol dependence (AD) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit variants on chromosomes 8 and 15 for nicotine dependence (ND). However, these confirmed genetic factors contribute only a small portion of the heritability responsible for each addiction. Among many potential factors, rare variants in those identified and unidentified susceptibility genes are supposed to contribute greatly to the missing heritability. Several studies focusing on rare variants have been conducted by taking advantage of next-generation sequencing technologies, which revealed that some rare variants of nAChR subunits are associated with ND in both genetic and functional studies. However, these studies investigated variants for only a small number of genes and need to be expanded to broad regions/genes in a larger population. This review presents an update on recently developed methods for rare-variant identification and association analysis and on studies focused on rare-variant discovery and function related to addictions. PMID:23990377

Wang, Shaolin; Yang, Zhongli; Ma, Jennie Z; Payne, Thomas J; Li, Ming D

2014-02-01

403

Focus on nonlinear terahertz studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resulting from the availability of improved sources, research in the terahertz (THz) spectral range has increased dramatically over the last decade, leading essentially to the disappearance of the so-called ‘THz gap’. While most work to date has been carried out with THz radiation of low field amplitude, a growing number of experiments are using THz radiation with large electric and magnetic fields that induce nonlinearities in the system under study. This ‘focus on’ collection contains a number of articles, both experimental and theoretical, in the new subfield of THz nonlinear optics and spectroscopy on various systems, among them molecular gases, superconductors, semiconductors, antiferromagnets and graphene.

Leitenstorfer, Alfred; Nelson, Keith A.; Reimann, Klaus; Tanaka, Koichiro

2014-04-01

404

A New Focus for Institutional Researchers: Developing and Using a Student Decision Support System. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional researchers play a key role in an environment where data warehouses are used to store and retrieve vast amounts of data. Along with the benefits of increased access for more users, improved reporting capabilities, and less reliance on centralized information, come questions of appropriate data usage, data access and security,…

Frost, Jacqueline; Dalrymple, Margaret; Wang, Mindy

405

The Contribution of Mixed Methods Research to the Field of Childhood Trauma: A Narrative Review Focused on Data Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In mixed methods research (MMR), integrating the quantitative and the qualitative components of a study is assumed to result in additional knowledge (or "yield"). This narrative review examines the extent to which MMR is used in the field of childhood trauma and provides directions for improving mixed methods studies in this field. A…

Boeije, Hennie; Slagt, Meike; van Wesel, Floryt

2013-01-01

406

Development and Pilot Evaluation of a Cancer-Focused Summer Research Education Program for Navajo Undergraduate Students  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a 10-week cancer research education program for Navajo undergraduate students. The program was piloted at Diné College with 22 undergraduates (7 men, 15 women) in 2007 and 2008. Students completed a pre–post program survey assessing attitudes, opinions, and knowledge about research and about cancer. The program was found to be culturally acceptable and resulted in statistically significant changes in some of the attitudes and opinions about research and cancer. Combining all 13 knowledge items, there was a significant (p=0.002) change in the mean total correct percent from baseline [70.3 (SD=15.9)] to post-program [82.1 (SD=13.1)]. The curriculum was adapted for a new cancer prevention and control course now offered at Diné College, enhancing sustainability. Ultimately, these efforts may serve to build capacity in communities by developing a cadre of future Native American scientists to develop and implement cancer research.

Garrison, Edward R.; Bauer, Mark C.; Hosley, Brenda L.; Patten, Christi A.; Hughes, Christine A.; Trapp, Mary A.; Petersen, Wesley O.; Austin-Garrison, Martha A.; Bowman, Clarissa N.; Vierkant, Robert A.

2010-01-01

407

Eye conditions and blindness in children: Priorities for research, programs, and policy with a focus on childhood cataract  

PubMed Central

The major causes of blindness in children encompass intrauterine and acquired infectious diseases, teratogens and developmental and molecular genetics, nutritional factors, the consequences of preterm birth, and tumors. A multidisciplinary approach is therefore needed. In terms of the major avoidable causes (i.e., those that can be prevented or treated) the available evidence shows that these vary in importance from country to country, as well as over time. This is because the underlying causes closely reflect socioeconomic development and the social determinants of health, as well as the provision of preventive and therapeutic programs and services from the community through to tertiary levels of care. The control of blindness in children therefore requires not only strategies that reflect the local epidemiology and the needs and priorities of communities, but also a well functioning, accessible health system which operates within an enabling and conducive policy environment. In this article we use cataract in children as an example and make the case for health financing systems that do not lead to ‘catastrophic health expenditure’ for affected families, and the integration of eye health for children into those elements of the health system that work closely with mothers and their children.

Gilbert, Clare; Muhit, Mohammed

2012-01-01

408

Research Universities as Knowledge Networks: The Role of Institutional Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the elaboration of institutional research practice, which is an important element of any research university. The study addresses three questions. First, how did institutional research arise, and what is its raison d'etre in a research university? Second, how can institutional research contribute to the improvement of…

Chirikov, Igor

2013-01-01

409

Editorial: Illuminating the dark matter of developmental neuropsychiatric genetics - strategic focus for future research in child psychology and psychiatry.  

PubMed

Research on genetic factors influencing cognitive and behavioural traits or which are central to the aetiology of neuropsychiatric diseases has been complicated by a furtive discrepancy between high heritability estimates and a scarcity of replicable gene-disorder associations. This 'missing heritability' has been either euphemised as the 'dark matter' of gene-trait association or aggravated as the 'looming crisis in behavioural genetics'. Nevertheless, in recognising the importance of this topic for our understanding of child psychiatric conditions and highlighting its commitment to the field, the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (JCPP) has for the first time appointed an editor with special responsibility for molecular (epi)genetics. PMID:24552481

Lesch, Klaus-Peter

2014-03-01

410

Role of research reactors in training of NPP personnel with special focus on training reactor VR-1  

SciTech Connect

Research reactors play an important role in providing key personnel of nuclear power plants a hands-on experience from operation and experiments at nuclear facilities. Training of NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) staff is usually deeply theoretical with an extensive utilisation of simulators and computer visualisation. But a direct sensing of the reactor response to various actions can only improve the personnel awareness of important aspects of reactor operation. Training Reactor VR-1 and its utilization for training of NPP operators and other professionals from Czech Republic and Slovakia is described. Typical experimental exercises and good practices in organization of a training program are demonstrated. (authors)

Sklenka, L.; Rataj, J.; Frybort, J.; Huml, O. [Dept. of Nuclear Reactors, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical Univ. in Prague, V Holesovickach 2, Prague 8, 180 00 (Czech Republic)

2012-07-01

411

FOREWORD: Focus on Advanced Ceramics Focus on Advanced Ceramics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much research has been devoted recently to developing technologies for renewable energy and improving the efficiency of the processes and devices used in industry and everyday life. Efficient solutions have been found using novel materials such as platinum and palladium-based catalysts for car exhaust systems, samarium-cobalt and neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets for electrical motors, and so on. However, their realization has resulted in an increasing demand for rare elements and in their deficit, the development of new materials based on more abundant elements and new functionalities of traditional materials. Moreover, increasing environmental and health concerns demand substitution of toxic or hazardous substances with nature-friendly alternatives. In this context, this focus issue on advanced ceramics aims to review current trends in ceramics science and technology. It is related to the International Conference on Science and Technology of Advanced Ceramics (STAC) held annually to discuss the emerging issues in the field of ceramics. An important direction of ceramic science is the collaboration between experimental and theoretical sciences. Recent developments in density functional theory and computer technology have enabled the prediction of physical and chemical properties of ceramics, thereby assisting the design of new materials. Therefore, this focus issue includes articles devoted to theory and advanced characterization techniques. As mentioned above, the potential shortage of rare elements is becoming critical to the industry and has resulted in a Japanese government initiative called the 'Ubiquitous Element Strategy'. This focus issue also includes articles related to this strategy and to the associated topics of energy conversion, such as phosphors for high-efficiency lighting and photocatalysts for solar-energy harvesting. We hope that this focus issue will provide a timely overview of current trends and problems in ceramics science and technology and promote new research and development in this field.

Ohashi, Naoki

2011-06-01

412

Molded Magnetic Article  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A molded magnetic article and fabrication method are provided. Particles of ferromagnetic material embedded in a polymer binder are molded under heat and pressure into a geometric shape. Each particle is an oblate spheroid having a radius-to-thickness aspect ratio approximately in the range of 15-30. Each oblate spheroid has flattened poles that are substantially in perpendicular alignment to a direction of the molding pressure throughout the geometric shape.

Bryant, Robert G. (Inventor); Namkung, Min (Inventor); Wincheski, Russell A. (Inventor); Fulton, James P. (Inventor); Fox, Robert L. (Inventor)

2000-01-01

413

A survey of the state-of-the-art and focused research in range systems, task 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This final report presents the latest research activity in voice compression. We have designed a non-real time simulation system that is implemented around the IBM-PC where the IBM-PC is used as a speech work station for data acquisition and analysis of voice samples. A real-time implementation is also proposed. This real-time Voice Compression Board (VCB) is built around the Texas Instruments TMS-3220. The voice compression algorithm investigated here was described in an earlier report titled, Low Cost Voice Compression for Mobile Digital Radios, by the author. We will assume the reader is familiar with the voice compression algorithm discussed in this report. The VCB compresses speech waveforms at data rates ranging from 4.8 K bps to 16 K bps. This board interfaces to the IBM-PC 8-bit bus, and plugs into a single expansion slot on the mother board.

Omura, J. K.

1986-01-01

414

Nature Web Focus: SARS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The journal Nature offers this free Web focus on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), in which Nature's reporters pose key questions about the outbreak, and assess our preparedness to deal with future viral threats. Reader will find dozens of articles, including editorials, Science Updates, and Brief Communications from the journal. The articles trace the chronology of the SARS epidemic, and the section titled What Have We Learned? offers an excellent overview of what we know and what remains to be seen.

2007-12-12

415

Focusing Agricultural Education Research: The Challenge of the 1990's and Beyond. Proceedings of the National Agricultural Education Research Meeting (17th, Cincinnati, Ohio, November 30, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected titles among the 51 papers accepted for presentation or publication by the 1990 meeting of a yearly forum for agricultural research presentation include the following: "Effectiveness of Beginning Scholars Program in Attracting High Ability Students to the College of Agriculture and Home Economics" (Lester, Graham); "Analysis of Enrollment…

Martin, Robert A., Comp.

416

Including the Silent Minority. Research Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now recognised that inclusive schools must recognise and respond to the needs of learners regardless of any difficulties they may have. Similarly, the South African Constitution (1996) requires education to be "transformed and democratised in accordance with the values of human dignity, equity, human rights and freedom, non-racism and…

Collins, Janet

2006-01-01

417

Dance Education Research and Supplementary Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography presents listings in the following areas: assessment in dance education; attitudinal studies in dance education; dance certification, standards, status; dance curricula; dance education history; dance education and technology; dance education theory; dance teacher behaviors; dance teacher preparation; descriptions of dance…

Minton, Sandra, Comp.

418

Beyond a Dichotomous View of the Concepts of 'Sex' and 'Gender' Focus Group Discussions among Gender Researchers at a Medical Faculty  

PubMed Central

Introduction The concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ are both of vital importance in medicine and health sciences. However, the meaning of these concepts has seldom been discussed in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to explore what the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ meant for gender researchers based in a medical faculty. Methods Sixteen researchers took part in focus group discussions. The analysis was performed in several steps. The participating researchers read the text and discussed ideas for analysis in national and international workshops. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The authors performed independent preliminary analyses, which were further developed and intensively discussed between the authors. Results The analysis of meanings of the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ for gender researchers based in a medical faculty resulted in three categories; “Sex as more than biology”, with the subcategories ‘sex’ is not simply biological, ‘sex’ as classification, and ‘sex’ as fluid and changeable; ”Gender as a multiplicity of power-related constructions”, with the subcategories: ‘gender’ as constructions, ‘gender’ power dimensions, and ‘gender’ as doing femininities and masculinities; “Sex and gender as interwoven”, with the subcategories: ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ as inseparable and embodying ‘sex’ and ‘gender’. Conclusions Gender researchers within medicine pointed out the importance of looking beyond a dichotomous view of the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’. The perception of the concepts was that ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ were intertwined. Further research is needed to explore how ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ interact.

Alex, Lena; Fjellman Wiklund, Anncristine; Lundman, Berit; Christianson, Monica; Hammarstrom, Anne

2012-01-01

419

Physical Review Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online digest provides selections from the American Physical Society (APS) journals "Physical Review" and "Physical Review Letters." These articles, explained for students and researchers in all fields of physics, are suitable for college-level or advanced high-school students. The home page features links to the latest articles; back issues are archived by year and volume. There is also information on how to access RSS feeds of articles, news items that describe research from APS journals, and links to the web sites of all APS journals.

420

19 CFR 10.253 - Articles eligible for preferential treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Articles eligible for preferential treatment...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT...specific merchandise; (C) Research, development, design, engineering...commissions, or expenses. (6) Articles wholly the growth,...

2010-04-01

421

19 CFR 10.253 - Articles eligible for preferential treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Articles eligible for preferential treatment...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT...specific merchandise; (C) Research, development, design, engineering...commissions, or expenses. (6) Articles wholly the growth,...

2009-04-01

422

Airborne Hydromapping - How high-resolution bathymetric surveys will change the research and work focused on waterbody-related topics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Repetitive surveying of inshore waters and coastal zones is becoming more and more essential in order to evaluate water-level dynamics, structural and zonal variations of rivers and riparian areas, river degradation, water flow, reservoir sedimentation, delta growth, as well as coastal processes. This can only be achieved in an effective manner by employing hydrographic airborne laser scanning (hydromapping). A new laser scanner is introduced, which has been specifically designed for the acquisition of high-resolution hydrographic data in order to survey and monitor inland waters and shallow coastal zones. Recently, this scanner has been developed within the framework of an Austrian research cooperation between Riegl LMS and the Unit of Hydraulic Engineering at the University of Innsbruck. We present exemplary measurement results obtained with the compact airborne laser-scanning system during our project work. Along the Baltic Sea coast northeast of Kiel city, northern Germany, we obtained measurement depths up to 8 m under clear-water conditions. Moreover, we detect underwater dune-structures and the accumulation of sediment within groin structures. In contrast, under turbid water conditions we obtained depths of approximately 3 m along the Rhine River at Rheinfelden, German-Swiss border east of Basel city. Nevertheless, we were able to map small-scale and complex morphologic features within a fish ramp or bedrock cliffs. The laser data had been combined with sonar measurements displaying the bathymetry at depths of ca. 2-25 m in order to document comprehensively the actual hydrographic setting after the new construction of the hydropower plant Rheinfelden. In summary, a high-resolution spatial view on the ground of various waterbodies is now possible for the first time with point densities in the usual range of approximately 10-20 points/m². However, the combination of these data with high-resolution aerial (approximately < 5 cm/pixel) or spectral images offers a variety of new opportunities for further analysis. Lastly, the combined datasets - all of them captured during a single flight including topography, bathymetry, aerial and spectral pictures - provide a comprehensive and homogeneous database for the detailed and precise description of river- or coastal-bed hydraulic, morphologic and ecohydraulic processes. The high density and accuracy (less than 10 cm) of information offer the extended possibility for monitoring and supervisory purposes.

Steinbacher, Frank; Baran, Ramona; Dobler, Wolfgang; Aufleger, Markus

2013-04-01

423

Focus Issue: Regulation of Lymphocyte Function  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the month of July, Science Signaling has highlighted mechanisms by which lymphocytes of the innate and adaptive immune responses are regulated to promote effective immunity and prevent inappropriate and damaging responses. Research Articles and Perspectives in this series and the Archives focus on the mechanisms by which the functions of T cells, B cells, and natural killer cells are regulated and the therapeutic implications of understanding the regulation of these cells.

Ernesto Andrianantoandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV); John F. Foley (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV)

2012-07-31

424

Alzheimer Research Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Alzheimer Research Forum is an independent nonprofit organization" of science and medical professionals dedicated to research and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The site includes up-to-date information in the form of news, papers of the week, journal article abstracts in advance, live discussions, and more. A wide variety of resources focus on many different aspects of Alzheimer's research.

1996-01-01

425

Educational Technology Research Journals: "Journal of Research on Technology in Education," 2001-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the "Journal of Research on Technology in Education (JRTE)" to discover trends from 2001-2010 in the topics covered in the articles, article types (including research methods used), authorship, and citation frequency. Articles from the journal dealt mostly with PK-12 settings and focused on technology…

Billings, Christopher; Nielsen, P. Lynne; Snyder, Aaron; Sorensen, Alec; West, Richard E.

2012-01-01

426

Teaching Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explicitly qualitative research has never before been so popular in human geography, and this article hopes to encourage more graduate students and faculty members to undertake the teaching of qualitative geography. The article describes one such course for graduate students, highlighting its challenges and rewards, and focusing on exercises…

Delyser, Dydia

2008-01-01

427

Slime Mold Development: Article  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a video composed of a sequence of time lapse films created by John Tyler Bonner in the 1940s to show the life cycle of the cellular slime mold, Dictyostelium discoideum. As only the second person to study slime molds, Bonner frequently encountered audiences who had never heard of, let alone seen, the unusual organism. He therefore decided to create a film to present at seminars in order to introduce his object of study. Bonner created the video for his senior thesis at Harvard University with the help of photographer Frank Smith. Bonner began to work at Princeton University in 1947, thus the mention of that university on the title screen of the film. It was digitized and narrated by developmental biologist Rachel Fink of Mount Holyoke College. Includes (approximate starting times given): Amoebae [00:02]; Aggregation [00:27]; Migrating Pseudoplasmodia [02:16]; Culmination [03:28]; Trisected Pseudoplasmodium [04:17].

Mary E. Sunderland (ASU Embryo Project Encyclopedia)

2011-11-28

428

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on…

Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Busch, Allison K.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-01-01

429

[Focus: Family Communication].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the "Journal of the Wisconsin Communication Association" focuses on family communication and contains the following articles: "Marital Typologies: An Alternative Approach to the Study of Communication in Enduring Relations" by Mary Anne Fitzpatrick, "Intimate Communication and the Family" by Marilyn D. LaCourt, and "A Study in…

Barnes, Richard E., Ed.

1977-01-01

430

Instructional Technology. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on implementing instructional technology in ways that benefit all students, including limited-English-proficient, minority, economically disadvantaged, and at-risk students. "Cruising the Web with English Language Learners" (Laura Chris Green) presents three scenarios using the World Wide Web in…

IDRA Newsletter, 1997

1997-01-01

431

Education Policy. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on educational policy in the Texas legislature in relation to student retention, Internet access, and sexual harassment. "1999 Texas Legislative Session--End of an Era?" (Albert Cortez, Maria Robledo Montecel) examines educational equity issues facing legislators: school funding, including the…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

432

ENC Focus Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse (ENC) is to identify effective curriculum resources, create high-quality professional development materials, and disseminate useful information and products to improve K-12 mathematics and science teaching and learning. This issue of "ENC Focus" contains articles related to mathematics teaching…

Thorson, Annette, Ed.

433

Focusing on the Invisible  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to answer the question of whether or not the design and development of an educational laboratory really changes when the focus is on nanotechnology. It explores current laboratory building trends and the added considerations for building a nanotechnology laboratory. The author leaves the reader with additional points to consider…

Haley, Tim R.

2008-01-01

434

Cancer Discovery Article  

Cancer.gov

SEPTEMBER 2011?CANCER DISCOVERY?|?281 NEWS IN DEPTH Lina Zhang, MD, was a PhD student in the lab of Kexin Chen, MD, PhD, at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital when she had the opportunity to advance her research skills in the

435

CPTC Viewpoint Article Published in Proteomics Clinical Applications  

Cancer.gov

Posted on July 28, 2011 In the special December issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, two articles focus directly on scientific outputs from CPTC. A Viewpoint article, authored by Participants of a Wellcome Trust/EBI meeting and retreat (Patterson

436

Tracking multiple topics for finding interesting articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce multiple topic tracking (MTT) for iScore to better recommend news articles for users with multiple interests and to address changes in user interests over time. As an extension of the basic Rocchio algorithm, traditional topic detection and tracking, and single-pass clustering, MTT maintains multiple interest profiles to identify interesting articles for a specific user given user-feedback. Focusing on

Raymond K. Pon; Alfonso F. Cardenas; David Buttler; Terence Critchlow

2007-01-01

437

Focus group discussions in community-based participatory research to inform the development of a human papillomavirus (HPV) educational intervention for Latinas in San Diego.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the usefulness of formative focus groups as a community-based participatory research (CBPR) method in developing cancer education programs. Two focus groups were conducted according to CBPR principles, in order to develop a community-competent human papillomavirus (HPV)/cervical cancer educational program for Latinas living in the USA/Mexico border region. Focus group participants were 18 female Mexican American community health advisors. Participants reported that there is limited information and many myths about HPV and the vaccine in the Latino/Latina community, along with many barriers to acceptance of HPV/cervical cancer-related information. Furthermore, participants discussed their recommendations for the development of a culturally appropriate HPV educational program. From these data, we have a better understanding of the HPV/cervical cancer educational approach that will be most accepted in the community and what key information needs to be provided to women who participate in the program, which reinforces the importance of the CBPR approach to the formative phase of cancer education program development. PMID:23857185

Barnack-Tavlaris, Jessica L; Garcini, Luz; Sanchez, Olga; Hernandez, Irma; Navarro, Ana M

2013-12-01

438

Analysis of Multicultural Counseling Articles Published by the American Counseling Association July 1980 to June 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to assess and analyze the frequency and trends of multicultural counseling articles in thirteen journals published by the American Counseling Association (ACA) from 1980 to 1996, with specific focus on four racial and ethnic groups prevalent in the United States: African American, Asian American, Latino, and Native…

Vargas, Elide M.; Veach, Laura J.

439

The use of popular science articles in teaching scientific literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the use of popular science articles in teaching scientific literacy. Comparing the discourse features of popular science with research article and textbook science – the last two being target forms for students – it argues that popular science articles cannot serve as models for scientific writing. It does, however, suggest that popular articles can make science more

Jean Parkinson; Ralph Adendorff

2004-01-01

440

Managing for the Ideal Research Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses two questions relating to research: (1) what is the best environment in which to carry out research and (2) what is the best way to manage employment in order to maintain this environment? It focuses on research management in UK higher education, but attempts to generalise beyond a specifically national context. The article

Madden, Andrew D.

2009-01-01

441

Qualitative Research and Its Role in Play Therapy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role and value of qualitative research for play therapy is the focus of this article. The premise is that qualitative research is a natural extension of the therapeutic process and thus can make a contribution to play therapy in the development of models and theories that will lead to future research and development. Qualitative research is placed within the

Hilda R. Glazer; David S. Stein

2010-01-01

442

Assembly Test Article (ATA)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The assembly test article (ATA) consisted of two live loaded redesigned solid rocket motor (RSRM) segments which were assembled and disassembled to simulate the actual flight segment stacking process. The test assembly joint was flight RSRM design, which included the J-joint insulation design and metal capture feature. The ATA test was performed mid-November through 24 December 1987, at Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida. The purpose of the test was: certification that vertical RSRM segment mating and separation could be accomplished without any damage; verification and modification of the procedures in the segment stacking/destacking documents; and certification of various GSE to be used for flight assembly and inspection. The RSRM vertical segment assembly/disassembly is possible without any damage to the insulation, metal parts, or seals. The insulation J-joint contact area was very close to the predicted values. Numerous deviations and changes to the planning documents were made to ensure the flight segments are effectively and correctly stacked. Various GSE were also certified for use on flight segments, and are discussed in detail.

Ricks, Glen A.

1988-01-01

443

Connections and Tensions between University and School Districts: Research Review Boards and School-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently researchers connected to university contexts who conduct research involving human participants must receive approval from a research ethics board, and in the case of school-based research, from school district authorities. This article focuses on the ethics review of school-based research. Applications submitted to a research ethics…

Tilley, Susan A.; Killins, Janet; Van Oosten, Deborah

2005-01-01

444

Research and Development Work: Developing Teachers as Researchers or Just Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the theoretical frame of action research and the teacher as researcher, working through a Norwegian Research Council-funded project in a school that explored learning strategies for pupils' subject and social development. Action research is here called research and development (R&D) work as the term envisages that research

Postholm, May Britt

2009-01-01

445

Dimensions of Recovery from RapeFocus on Growth Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, all research on rape recovery has focused on patterns of reduction in negative symptoms—primarily fear, anxiety, depression, and sexual dysfunction. This article reports the first systematic attempt to conceptualize and measure how women grow and change in constructive ways as a consequence of having to cope with a rape and its aftermath. Factor analysis of instruments developed for

MARTHA R. BURT; BONNIE L. KATZ

1987-01-01

446

The Next Generation Science Standards: A Focus on Physical Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes ways to adapt U.S. science curriculum to the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) "Framework for K-12 Science Education" and "Next Generation of Science Standards" (NGSS), noting their focus on teaching the physical sciences. The overall goal of the Framework and NGSS is to help all learners develop the…

Krajcik, Joe

2013-01-01

447

A Research Group Model for Graduate Training in Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faced with doing research, students are often hesitant. Most graduate students have never conducted extensive research, having few qualifications or little technical skills. This article focuses on helping students acquire research interests, understanding and skills by using an experiential research group model. The purpose of this article is to…

Paradise, Louis V.; Dufrene, Roxane L.

2010-01-01

448

Writing Feature Articles with Intermediate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students need regular opportunities to write expository text. However, focusing on report writing often leaves students without strong examples to study or analyze to guide and grow their own writing. Writing and studying feature articles, meant to inform and explain, can become an alternative to report writing, as they can easily be located in…

Morgan, Denise N.

2010-01-01

449

Teaching the Anatomy of a Scientific Journal Article  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To promote inquiry-based learning, the authors integrate the anatomy of a scientific journal article into their secondary science curriculum. In this article, they present three classroom activities used to teach students about the function and format of scientific journal articles. The first focuses on journal article figures, the second on journal abstracts, and in the third, students produce their own journal articles, which are based on their investigations.

Busch, Allison K.; Schinske, Jeffrey N.; Clayman, Karen; Tanner, Kimberly D.

2008-10-01

450

Adiabatic Focuser  

SciTech Connect

Theoretical analysis is made of an intense relativistic electron beam. such as would be available from a linear collider, moving through a plasma of increasing density, but density always less than that of the beam (underdense). In this situation. the plasma electrons are expelled from the beam channel and the electrons are subject to an ever-increasing focusing force provided by the channel ions. Analysis is made on the beam radiation energy loss in the classical, the transition, and the quantum regimes. It is shown that the focuser is insensitive to the beam energy spread due to radiation loss. Furthermore, because of the different scaling behaviors in the nonclassical regimes, the radiation limit on lenses (the Oide limit) can be exceeded. The sensitivity of the system to the optic mismatch and the nonlinearity is also analyzed. Examples are given with SLC-type and TLC-type parameters.

Chen, P.; Oide, K.; Sessler, Andrew M.; Yu, S.S.

1989-08-01

451

Improving Well-Being in Caregivers of Terminally Ill Patients. Making the Case for Patient Suffering as a Focus for Intervention Research  

PubMed Central

Family caregivers are integral to the care of patients with physical or mental impairments. Unfortunately, providing this care is often detrimental to the caregivers' health. As a result, in the last decade, there has been a proliferation of interventions designed to improve caregivers' well-being. Interventions for caregivers of persons at end-of-life, however, are relatively few in number and are often underdeveloped. They also are typically designed to help reduce the work of caregiving or to help caregivers cope with the physical and emotional demands of providing care. While useful, these interventions generally ignore a primary stressor for family caregivers—a loved one's suffering. Patient suffering, whether physical, psychosocial, or spiritual, has a major impact on family caregivers. However, interventions that focus on the relief of patient suffering as a way to improve caregiver well-being have rarely been tested. It is our view that more research in this area could lead to new and more effective interventions for family caregivers of seriously or terminally ill patients. In support of our view, we will define suffering and review the relationships between patient suffering and caregiver well-being. We will then discuss a conceptual framework for intervention design. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of implications and future directions for intervention research.

Hebert, Randy S.; Arnold, Robert M.; Schulz, Richard

2008-01-01

452

Electrophoretic Focusing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Electrophoretic focusing is a new method of continuous flow electrophoresis that introduces precision flow control to achieve high resolution separations. The electric field is applied perpendicular to an incoming sample lamina and buffer but also perpendicular to the broad faces of the thin rectangular chamber. A uniform fluid cross-flow then enters and exits the separation chamber through the same broad faces which are porous. A balance is achieved by adjusting either the electric field or the cross-flow so the desired sample fraction with its specific migration velocity encounters an opposing flow of the same velocity. Applying an electric field transverse to the incoming sample lamina and opposing this field with a carefully configured buffer flow, a sample constituent can be selected and focused into a narrow stream for subsequent analysis. Monotonically changing either electric field or buffer cross-flow will yield a scan of all constituents of the sample. Stopping the scan increases the collection time for minor constituents to improve their analysis. Using the high voltage gradients and/or cross-flow to rapidly deflect extraneous sample through the porous screens and into either of the side (purge) chambers, the selected sample is focused in the center plane of the separation chamber and collected without contact or interaction with the separation chamber walls. Results will be presented on the separation of a range of materials including dyes, proteins, and monodisperse polystyrene latexes. Sources of sample dispersion inherent in other electrokinetic techniques will be shown to be negligible for a variety of sample concentrations, buffer properties and operating conditions.

Snyder, Robert S.

2001-01-01

453

Globalization in Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site comes to the Web courtesy of Foreign Policy in Focus (FPIF, see the September 8, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences). Here users will find a more critical look at the WTO as well as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). FPIF here collects links to articles, event announcements, reports, and other resources. Be sure to scroll down the page to see all of the offerings.

2001-01-01

454

Fedgazette Focus: Hog Markets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This January 1999 issue of Fedgazette from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis focuses on the recent downward spiral of hog prices to historic lows in the Midwest. Over ten articles explore pork prices, agricultural finance, and whether or not "agriculture is in crisis" across the nation. Additional links to maps, charts and economic statistics offer other educational resources on the issue from the Ninth Federal Reserve District site.

1999-01-01

455

The Mock Research Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mock research paper combines creative writing with academic writing and, in the process, breaks down that binary. This article describes a writing assignment that offers an introduction to the college research paper genre. This assignment helps students focus on crafting an argument and learning genre conventions while postponing until the…

Clark, Carlton

2008-01-01

456

New Horizons of Translational Research and Research Translation in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been an increasing focus on the process of translating research into practice in all fields of health and social services. This focus has shed considerable light on the potential for social workers to play a pivotal role in conducting translational research and facilitating research translation. This article examines new opportunities,…

Palinkas, Lawrence A.; Soydan, Haluk

2012-01-01

457

Information literacy skills: An exploratory focus group study of student perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of an exploratory study using focus group methodology in information literacy research. A small focus group — seven undergraduate students at Concordia University College of Alberta — discussed the concept of information literacy and the role of the undergraduate library in developing information literacy skills. Participants perceived information literacy as valuable, and agreed that the

Heather Morrison

1997-01-01

458

Focus group interviewing in the library literature : A selective annotated bibliography 1996-2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Focus group interviewing, an important social science research methodology dating to the 1920s, is currently experiencing renewed popularity worldwide. This paper aims to review the implementation of this qualitative assessment tool as it relates to the library environment. The article is designed to stimulate the use of focus groups in librarianship and to demonstrate the range of positive

Graham R. Walden

2006-01-01

459

Bankruptcy and Revised Article 9.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On July 1, 2001 revisions to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code became effective in almost every state. David Lander Esq., moderates a discussion of the Article 9 changes and their ramifications for bankruptcy judges and practitioners. Nationally re...

2001-01-01

460

Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.

Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

2011-01-01

461

What Is Effective Research Leadership? a Research-Informed Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon findings from a UK-based and -funded study of academic leadership provided by (full) professors, this article focuses on research leadership as perceived by those on the receiving end of it. Research leadership is defined as the influence of one or more people on the research-related behaviour, attitudes or intellectual capacity of…

Evans, Linda

2014-01-01

462

Decontamination & decommissioning focus area  

SciTech Connect

In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

NONE

1996-08-01

463

Article Omission across Child Languages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article omission is known to be a feature of early grammar, although it does not affect all child languages to the same extent. In this article we analyze the production of articles by 12 children, 4 speakers of Catalan, 4 speakers of Italian, and 4 speakers of Dutch. We consider the results in the light of (i) the adult input the children are…

Guasti, Maria Teresa; Gavarro, Anna; de Lange, Joke; Caprin, Claudia

2008-01-01

464

Microwave sintering of multiple articles  

DOEpatents

Apparatus and method for producing articles of alumina and of alumina and silicon carbide in which the articles are sintered at high temperatures using microwave radiation. The articles are placed in a sintering container which is placed in a microwave cavity for heating. The rates at which heating and cooling take place is controlled.

Blake, Rodger D. (Santa Fe, NM); Katz, Joel D. (Los Alamos, NM)

1993-01-01

465

19 CFR of - Textile Articles  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Textile Articles of Extension of ATPA Benefits to...SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED...Eradication Act Apparel and Other Textile Articles Under the Andean Trade Promotion...

2009-04-01

466

The Feminist Imagination and Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the impact of second-wave feminism on educational research with a focus on developments in the USA. It expands on the themes raised in the other articles in this issue of "Discourse" by considering the political nature of feminist educational research questions beginning in the 1970s and continuing to the contemporary world.…

Weiler, Kathleen

2008-01-01

467

Surface treatment of ceramic articles  

DOEpatents

A process is disclosed for producing an article with improved ceramic surface properties including providing an article having a ceramic surface, and placing the article onto a conductive substrate holder in a hermetic enclosure. Thereafter a low pressure ambient is provided in the hermetic enclosure. A plasma including ions of solid materials is produced the ceramic surface of the article being at least partially immersed in a macroparticle free region of the plasma. While the article is immersed in the macroparticle free region, a bias of the substrate holder is biased between a low voltage at which material from the plasma condenses on the surface of the article and a high negative voltage at which ions from the plasma are implanted into the article. 15 figs.

Komvopoulos, K.; Brown, I.G.; Wei, B.; Anders, S.; Anders, A.; Bhatia, C.S.

1998-12-22

468

A Decade of Literacy Research in the "Journal of Research and Development in Education."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a study performed on the various trends that exist among the 260 articles published in the "Journal of Research and Development in Education" between 1990 and 1999. The study's results showed 36 (13.8%) of the Journal articles published within this 9-year span focused on literacy. Information was categorized for each article

Knudson, Ruth E.; Onofrey, Karen A.

469

Tracking Multiple Topics for Finding Interesting Articles  

SciTech Connect

We introduce multiple topic tracking (MTT) for iScore to better recommend news articles for users with multiple interests and to address changes in user interests over time. As an extension of the basic Rocchio algorithm, traditional topic detection and tracking, and single-pass clustering, MTT maintains multiple interest profiles to identify interesting articles for a specific user given user-feedback. Focusing on only interesting topics enables iScore to discard useless profiles to address changes in user interests and to achieve a balance between resource consumption and classification accuracy. Also by relating a topic's interestingness to an article's interestingness, iScore is able to achieve higher quality results than traditional methods such as the Rocchio algorithm. We identify several operating parameters that work well for MTT. Using the same parameters, we show that MTT alone yields high quality results for recommending interesting articles from several corpora. The inclusion of MTT improves iScore's performance by 9% to 14% in recommending news articles from the Yahoo! News RSS feeds and the TREC11 adaptive filter article collection. And through a small user study, we show that iScore can still perform well when only provided with little user feedback.

Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J; Critchlow, T J

2007-02-15

470

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

471

Focused Ion Beam Fabrication.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two types of machines are being used for research in focused ion beam applications. The first system has mass separation and can produce beams of the dopants of Si and GaAs with diameters below 0.1 micrometer. This system, used for ion implantation and li...

J. Melngailis

1988-01-01

472

The Gifted Enigma: A Collection of Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-one research articles originally published in the "Australasian Journal of Gifted Education" over the past decade are collected in this book and address aspects of gifted education including pedagogy and curriculum, policy and practice, social and emotional needs, school and family, neuropsychology and cognition, and special populations.…

Vialle, Wilma, Ed.; Geake, John, Ed.

473

Review Article: Instructed Second Language Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article overviews current research on second language vocabulary learning. It concludes that a large vocabulary is necessary to function in English: 8000-9000 word families for reading, and perhaps as many as 5000-7000 families for oral discourse. In addition, a number of word knowledge aspects need to be learned about each lexical item.…

Schmitt, Norbert

2008-01-01

474

Effect Size Reporting Practices in Published Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effect size (ES) reporting practices in a sample of 10 educational research journals are examined in this study. Five of these journals explicitly require reporting ES and the other 5 have no such policy. Data were obtained from 99 articles published in the years 2003 and 2004, in which 183 statistical analyses were conducted. Findings indicate no…

Alhija, Fadia Nasser-Abu; Levy, Adi

2009-01-01

475

REVIEW ARTICLE: Recent Advances in Nanomaterial Fabrication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As nanostructures with well-controlled dimension, composition, and crystallinity are expected to be a new class of intriguing system for investigating structure-property relations, this review article provides a comprehensive review of researches of these materials and related applications.

Locharoenrat, Kitsakorn

2014-04-01

476

Student Portfolios: A Collection of Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More and more, schools are looking to student portfolios as a valid, reliable, and authentic form of assessment. This collection offers practical, well-researched answers to a variety of philosophical, organizational, and implementational questions surrounding portfolio assessment. Articles in the first section provide a rationale for student…

Fogarty, Robin, Ed.

477

Focus Issue: Understanding Mechanisms of Inflammation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Focus Issue of Science Signaling, which complements the Science Special Issue on Inflammation, includes research that reveals regulators of a receptor implicated in an inflammatory bowel disease, as well as the contribution of a matrix metalloproteinase to skin inflammation. Perspectives discuss the role of proinflammatory cytokines in brain inflammatory disorders and the regulation of multiple types of cell death in tissues in response to proinflammatory factors. Together with content from the Science Signaling Archives, these articles underline the importance of understanding the basis of inflammatory responses that can both protect and harm the host.

John F. Foley (American Association for the Advancement of Science;Science Signaling REV)

2013-01-15

478

Does Cognitively Focused Instruction Improve the Academic Performance of Low-Achieving Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stakeholders are debating the value of cognitively focused instruction for students who have not benefited from a skills-based approach. Much of the discussion, however, is occurring without recognition of research that has been conducted in the past 2 decades. In this article, we reviewed the research. Electronic databases and hard copies of…

Kearns, Devin M.; Fuchs, Douglas

2013-01-01

479

It Takes a Village to Deliver and Test Child and Family-Focused Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The purpose of this article is to highlight the benefits of collaboration in child focused mental health services research. Method: Three unique research projects are described. These projects address the mental health needs of vulnerable, urban, minority children and their families. In each one, service delivery was codesigned,…

McKay, Mary M.; Gopalan, Geetha; Franco, Lydia M.; Kalogerogiannis, Kosta; Umpierre, Mari; Olshtain-Mann, Orly; Bannon, William; Elwyn, Laura; Goldstein, Leah

2010-01-01

480

Asian Wave in Travel and Tourism Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although numerous tourism-related articles have been published by authors affiliated with Asian universities, operationalized here as the “Asian Wave,” little research effort has focused on examining such authorship. Adopting a publication counting method, this study analyzes articles published in four top tourism journals from 1999–2008 that are either Asia-focused or co-authored by researchers from Asian universities. The results reveal that

Daniel Leung; Rosanna Leung; Billy Bai; Rob Law

2011-01-01

481

State-of-the-Art Article: The Role and Importance of Lower-Level Processes in Second Language Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines current research on the role and importance of lower-level processes in second language (L2) reading. The focus is on word recognition and its subcomponent processes, including various phonological and orthographic processes. Issues related to syntactic and semantic processes and their relationship with word recognition are…

Nassaji, Hossein

2014-01-01

482

State-of-the-Art Article: Emergent Bilingual Students in Secondary School--Along the Academic Language and Literacy Continuum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a critical review of research about emergent bilingual students in secondary school, where the academic demands placed upon them are great, and where instruction typically remains steadfast in its monolingualism. I focus on recent scholarship about the diversity within this student population, and center on "students with…

Menken, Kate

2013-01-01

483

Basic Psychiatric Literature: II. Articles and Article Sources*†  

PubMed Central

Widely varying reading lists for general psychiatry residents were obtained from 140 three-year approved training programs. The material recommended for reading was listed on index cards, and the number of programs recommending each item was posted on the cards. Approximately 4,000 articles, 2,800 books, and 200 serials were recommended. A statistical evaluation of the book list appeared in a previous paper (3).* Part II is a similar evaluation of the article list and the limited editions and serials in which the articles appear.

Woods, Joan B.; Pieper, Sam; Frazier, Shervert H.

1968-01-01

484

Mobilizing Information in Journal Articles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the disaggregation (ability to access/manipulate individual components of a document) and reaggregation (compilation of article components into a new written work) of scientific and technical journal articles by students and faculty members. Results lead to a discussion of metadata, the role of context in constraining component use, and…

Bishop, Ann Peterson

1998-01-01

485

Tracking Multiple Topics for Finding Interesting Articles  

SciTech Connect

We introduce multiple topic tracking (MTT) for iScore to better recommend news articles for users with multiple interests and to address changes in user interests over time. As an extension of the basic Rocchio algorithm, traditional topic detection and tracking, and single-pass clustering, MTT maintains multiple interest profiles to identify interesting articles for a specific user given user-feedback. Focusing on only interesting topics enables iScore to discard useless profiles to address changes in user interests and to achieve a balance between resource consumption and classification accuracy. iScore is able to achieve higher quality results than traditional methods such as the Rocchio algorithm. We identify several operating parameters that work well for MTT. Using the same parameters, we show that MTT alone yields high quality results for recommending interesting articles from several corpora. The inclusion of MTT improves iScore's performance by 25% in recommending news articles from the Yahoo! News RSS feeds and the TREC11 adaptive filter article collection. And through a small user study, we show that iScore can still perform well when only provided with little user feedback.

Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J; Critchlow, T J

2008-01-03

486

SecurityFocus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news service from SecurityFocus is an excellent resource to learn about important computer security warnings and alerts. The Web site keeps track of many widely used software applications, while reporting known vulnerabilities as they are found. Viruses and worms are another key topic that receives significant attention. Several columns offer expert advice and tips to efficiently use and understand software for different platforms. Government security is covered in the news section, discussing federal practices and legislation related to the national network infrastructure. Because the articles have such a broad scope, the material can be useful for both home and business users.

1999-01-01

487

Science in the Preschool Classroom: A Programmatic Research Agenda to Improve Science Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This article focuses on preschool science, an important but underresearched school readiness domain. There is considerable activity surrounding quality science in early childhood classroom practices, including state standards, curricula with science activities, and an extensive literature on potential best practices. However, there is very little empirical research focused on the effectiveness of these practices. The present article presents

Daryl B. Greenfield; Jamie Jirout; Ximena Dominguez; Ariela Greenberg; Michelle Maier; Janna Fuccillo

2009-01-01

488

Intention and epoch? in tension: autophenomenography, bracketing and a novel approach to researching sporting embodiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers a novel approach to researching sporting embodiment via what has been termed ‘autophenomenography’. Whilst having some similarities with autoethnography, autophenomenography provides a distinctive research form, located within phenomenology as theoretical and methodological tradition. Its focus is upon the researcher’s own lived experience of a phenomenon or phenomena. This article examines some of the key elements of a

2011-01-01

489

‘Frictional’ relationships … tension in the camp: focusing on the relational in under-represented students’ experiences in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon data collected as part of a research project exploring diversity in Irish higher education, this article focuses on the relational realm of under-represented students’ experiences. It commences with a brief overview of the background and context as well as the methodology of the study. The article then presents and explores a number of interrelated findings with regard to

Elaine Keane

2009-01-01

490

Crossing Borders: Research in Comparative and International Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published articles permit mapping international and comparative education research. We reviewed 605 articles published 2004-2008 in four major journals. Using title, abstract, and entire text we explored thematic focus, geographic focus, level/type of education studied, method, and funding. The economic, political, and social context of education…

Foster, Jesse; Addy, Nii Antiyae; Samoff, Joel

2012-01-01

491

[Drugs and health in the Brazilian press: an analysis of articles published in newspapers and magazines].  

PubMed

This article analyzes information recently published by the Brazilian press on the use of psychoactive drugs and its implications on health. A sample of 502 newspaper and magazine articles published in 1998 was researched using content analysis. The drugs most frequently featured in the headlines were tobacco (18.1%), coca-derived drugs (9.2%), marijuana (9.2%), alcoholic beverages (8.6%), and anabolic steroids (7.4%). Solvents were featured in only one article, although they are the most commonly used drug in Brazil, second only to alcohol and tobacco. These data indicate an imbalance between the journalistic approach and the epidemiological profile of psychoactive drug consumption in Brazil. Dependence was the most frequent consequence mentioned in the articles (46%), followed by violence (9.2%), withdrawal syndrome (8.0%), and AIDS (6.8%). The focus of the articles varied according to the drug in question. While articles on marijuana focused on its therapeutic use and legalization, those on cocaine-related issues discussed both the damage caused by consumption as well as various interventions (treatment and repression). PMID:12700785

Noto, Ana Regina; Baptista, Murilo C; Faria, Silene T; Nappo, Solange A; Galduróz, José Carlos F; Carlini, Elisaldo A

2003-01-01

492

Introducing Technical Articles to Graduate Students Through Active Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In their undergraduate studies, students obtain most of their information from textbooks and handbooks. Yet for graduate students, it is often necessary to obtain more current information that is only available in technical articles. Many entering graduate students are unaware of the role of journal articles in research and are not informed about the article submission process. Although this knowledge

Priscilla J. Hill

493

X-Article: Iran Operational Design, Clausewitz, and American Diplomacy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Emerging from the nation s recent theater engagements, America must immediately focus on developing a comprehensive strategy to confront Iran. A review of the strategic intellectual framework provided by George Kennan s X- Article is the first step for le...

P. D. Frank

2013-01-01

494

A Perspective on Single/within Subject Research Methods and "Scientifically Based Research."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses concerns with the No Child Left Behind definition of scientifically based research and its preference for random-assignment experiments from a single/within subject research perspective. A comprehensive program of research that can focus on the bridging the gap between research and practice is proposed. (CR)

McDonnell, John; O'Neill, Rob

2003-01-01

495

Computational Science Software and Articles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site introduces computational science with a brief overview which distinguishes computational science ("use primarily of computation, rather than of theorizing or experimentation, to attain scientific knowledge") from computer science ("the invention of efficient search and sort algorithms, techniques of parallel processing, etc."). There are a number of links to software and articles that help the visitor understand. This page is from a larger site that contains even more software and articles on topics including calendars, date conversion, and encryption.

2009-09-01

496

Practitioner-Focused Degrees in Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to explore practitioner-focused degrees in politics. It begins by defining the term and outlining the key features in comparison to other politics degrees. The underlying pedagogical principles that inform the design of teaching, learning, and assessment are then explored, before the article moves on to discuss the development of a suite of practitioner-focused degrees at the University

John Craig

2010-01-01

497

Open access publishing, article downloads, and citations: randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To measure the effect of free access to the scientific literature on article downloads and citations.Design Randomised controlled trial.Setting 11 journals published by the American Physiological Society.Participants 1619 research articles and reviews.Main outcome measures Article readership (measured as downloads of full text, PDFs, and abstracts) and number of unique visitors (internet protocol addresses). Citations to articles were gathered from

Philip M Davis; Bruce V Lewenstein; Daniel H Simon; James G Booth; Mathew J L Connolly

2008-01-01

498

Adoption Research: Trends, Topics, Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current article provides a review of adoption research since its inception as a field of study. Three historical trends in adoption research are identified: the first focusing on risk in adoption and identifying adoptee-nonadoptee differences in adjustment; the second examining the capacity of adopted children to recover from early adversity;…

Palacios, Jesus; Brodzinsky, David

2010-01-01

499

A Commentary on the Michigan Sex Offender Registration Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the author's comments on the Michigan sex offender registration article "Family Experiences of Young Adult Sex Offender Registration" (Comartin, Kernsmith, & Miles, 2010). The article is an important piece of research that addresses a much neglected and almost invisible population in the annals of research: the families of…

Rasmussen, Lucinda A.

2010-01-01

500

From Qualitative Dissertation to Quality Articles: Seven Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New scholars frequently face an immense challenge in writing papers for publication. Qualitative research novices, in particular, experience frustration in getting peer-reviewed papers published in top-tier journals. This article is a primer on converting a dissertation based on qualitative research into a journal article. It summarizes seven…

Bowen, Glenn A.

2010-01-01