Sample records for research studies evaluating

  1. The Use of Volunteers in Evaluation and Research Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kluger, Miriam; And Others

    This paper addresses issues important to maintaining a volunteer effort in research and evaluation studies. The Research Department of Child and Family Services, a private agency in Connecticut, conducted a statewide study of children and youth in long-term foster care. Eighty-seven volunteers, mainly from the Junior League, were recruited to…

  2. Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leech, Nancy L.; Dellinger, Amy B.; Brannagan, Kim B.; Tanaka, Hideyuki

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are…

  3. Understanding and evaluating manual handling injuries: NIOSH research studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. J. PIZATELLA; V. PUTZ-ANDERSON; T. G. BOBICK; J. D. MCGLOTHLIN; T. R. WATERS

    1992-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of NIOSH research aimed at characterizing and identifying intervention strategies for reducing musculoskeletal injuries during manual handling activities. Surveillance and evaluative research projects are reviewed. Future research directions of the Institute are also discussed.

  4. Evaluating a problem based learning course: an action research study.

    PubMed

    Walker, J; Bailey, S; Brasell-Brian, R; Gould, S

    2001-03-01

    Problem based learning (PBL) has been widely used in the United States, United Kingdom and Australasia in undergraduate nursing education to develop critical thinking and problem solving skills. PBL has been used since 1996 in a Bachelor of Nursing course at a New Zealand tertiary institution, and several modifications have been made to foster effective learning. The 'pure' PBL process has been adapted to move students gradually from teacher direction to taking responsibility for their learning. This has provided the opportunity for students to develop critical thinking, problem solving, information retrieval and evaluation skills, and group process skills over an 18-week period. Because rigorous evaluation of these changes had not been formally undertaken, the purpose of this study was to evaluate how the current format was developing students' understanding and integration of knowledge. Two cycles of the action research method (Cardno and Piggot-Irvine, 1994) were used, involving 4 lecturers and 17 students. Data was collected both quantitatively and qualitatively over a 16-week period. Findings indicated the importance of: explaining the purpose and process of PBL; communicating in detail the role of both students and lecturers; keeping communication lines open; addressing timetabling issues and valuing this method of learning for nursing practice. Implications for nursing education are addressed. PMID:11855017

  5. Stanford University Evaluating Sound Study Design GUI-17 Research Compliance Office

    E-print Network

    Puglisi, Joseph

    Stanford University Evaluating Sound Study Design GUI-17 Research Compliance Office File: GUI03017 and corresponding FDA regulations, and supported by accepted ethical codes such as the Declaration of Helsinki to minimize the risk. #12;Stanford University Evaluating Sound Study Design GUI-17 Research Compliance Office

  6. Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Brian; Wylie, Emma; Dempster, Martin; Donnelly, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by running the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people.…

  7. Research Article Study and Evaluation of Innovative Fuel

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    an assembly in parallel. All of them are designed for the ASTRID reactor (1500 MWth) but can be extrapolated its study will be pursued for ASTRID as an alternative option. 1. Introduction In the framework incineration demonstration prototype is to be commissioned in the 2020 decade [1]. his prototype called ASTRID

  8. Citation Ranking versus Peer Evaluation of Senior Faculty Research Performance: A Case Study of Kurdish Scholarship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meho, Lokman I.; Sonnenwald, Diane H.

    2000-01-01

    Analyzes the relationship between citation ranking and peer evaluation in assessing senior faculty research performance. Describes a study of faculty specializing in Kurdish studies that investigated to what degree citation ranking correlates with data from citation content analysis, book reviews, and peer ranking. (Contains 72 references.)…

  9. Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies

    PubMed Central

    Hulshof, C. T.; Verbeek, J. H.; van Dijk, F. J.; van der Weide, W. E.; Braam, I. T.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on the objective and object of evaluation. The amount of empirical studies on evaluation of OHSs or OHS activities that met the non-restrictive inclusion criteria, was remarkably limited. Most of the 52 studies were more descriptive than evaluative. The methodological quality of most studies was not high. A differentiated picture of the evidence of effectiveness of OHSs arises. Occupational health consultations and occupational rehabilitation are hardly studied despite much time spent on the consultation by occupational physicians in most countries. The lack of effectiveness and efficiency of the pre-employment examination should lead to its abandonment as a means of selection of personnel by OHSs. Periodic health monitoring or surveillance, and education on occupational health hazards can be carried out with reasonable process quality. Identification and evaluation of occupational health hazards by a workplace survey can be done with a high output quality, which, however, does not guarantee a favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Although rigorous study designs are not always applicable or feasible in daily practice, much more effort should be directed at the scientific evaluation of OHSs and OHS instruments. To develop evidence-based occupational health care the quality of evaluation studies should be improved. In particular, process and outcome of consultation and rehabilitation activities of occupational physicians need to be studied more.   PMID:10474531

  10. Increasing research capacity in the chiropractic profession: A case study and evaluation of an innovative research program in Norway

    PubMed Central

    Lothe, Lise R.; Bolton, Jennifer E.

    2013-01-01

    Objective The subject of research methods is not commonly covered in continuing professional development (CPD) courses in spite of its emphasis in undergraduate education. This initiative aimed to develop postgraduate research competency and recruit chiropractors to musculoskeletal research. Methods The program was delivered as a university-based program with 20 credits over seven contact weekends covering topics of evidence-based practice, research methods, statistics, ethics, resources, and funding. Students were assessed through assignments showing competency in critical literature review, case report writing, and production of a research protocol as the final assessment. Non-student participation for CPD points was possible. A student evaluation survey was completed after the end of the academic year. Results There were 26 participants: 16 as students handing in assignments, 10 as non-student participants for up to 94 CPD points. Three submitted a final protocol and two registered at a university PhD program. A network of research clinics was established for data collection for future multicenter studies. Conclusions The program was well received by the participants and gave them the tools and resources to perform research. The two-level attendance system afforded a basis for setting up a network of research clinics with a fundamental understanding of optimal data collection. This initiative has shown that research skills can be revisited through CPD programs as part of evidence-based lifelong learning. PMID:23519168

  11. Systematic literature review to evaluate and characterize the health economics and outcomes research studies in India

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, Divya; Nair, Sunita R.

    2015-01-01

    Aim: This systematic literature review was conducted to identify, evaluate, and characterize the variety, quality, and intent of the health economics and outcomes research studies being conducted in India. Materials and Methods: Studies published in English language between 1999 and 2012 were retrieved from Embase and PubMed databases using relevant search strategies. Two researchers independently reviewed the studies as per Cochrane methodology; information on the type of research and the outcomes were extracted. Quality of reporting was assessed for model-based health economic studies using a published 100-point Quality of Health Economic Studies (QHES) instrument. Results: Of 546 studies screened, 132 were included in the review. The broad study categories were cost-effectiveness analyses [(CEA) 54 studies], cost analyses (19 studies), and burden of illness [(BOI) 18 studies]. The outcomes evaluated were direct and indirect costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Direct medical costs assessed cost of medicines, monitoring costs, consultation and hospital charges, along with direct non-medical costs (travel and food for patients and care givers). Loss of productivity and loss of income of patients and care givers were identified as the components of indirect cost. Overall, 33 studies assessed the quality of life (QoL), and the WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) was the most commonly used instrument. Quality assessment for modeling studies showed that most studies were of high quality [mean (range) QHES score to be 75.5 (34-93)]. Conclusions: This review identified various patterns of pharmacoeconomic studies and good-quality CEA studies. However, there is a need for better assessment of utilization of healthcare resources in India. PMID:25657899

  12. Study Designs and Evaluation Models for Emergency Department Public Health Research

    PubMed Central

    Broderick, Kerry B.; Ranney, Megan L.; Vaca, Federico E.; D’Onofrio, Gail; Rothman, Richard E.; Rhodes, Karin V.; Becker, Bruce; Haukoos, Jason S.

    2011-01-01

    Public health research requires sound design and thoughtful consideration of potential biases that may influence the validity of results. It also requires careful implementation of protocols and procedures that are likely to translate from the research environment to actual clinical practice. This article is the product of a breakout session from the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference entitled “Public Health in the ED: Screening, Surveillance, and Intervention” and serves to describe in detail aspects of performing emergency department (ED)-based public health research, while serving as a resource for current and future researchers. In doing so, the authors describe methodologic features of study design, participant selection and retention, and measurements and analyses pertinent to public health research. In addition, a number of recommendations related to research methods and future investigations related to public health work in the ED are provided. Public health investigators are poised to make substantial contributions to this important area of research, but this will only be accomplished by employing sound research methodology in the context of rigorous program evaluation. PMID:20053232

  13. An Approach to Evaluating Research Developed by Five Aboriginal Health Workers Currently Studying at Batchelor College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grootjans, John; Spiers, Michele

    1996-01-01

    Using the principles of Both Ways (incorporating cross-cultural perspectives), five Aboriginal health workers developed evaluation guidelines for research on Aboriginal populations. The guidelines address whether and how the perspectives of the population are integrated into the research. (SK)

  14. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center. Progress Report of Research Studies, 1966-1967.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimiles, Herbert; Horton, Donald

    The studies which comprise this report are as follows: (a) Document 1, Development of the Matrix Test by Herbert Zimiles and Harvery Asch (PS 001 072); (b) Document 2, Studies of the Social Organization of Head Start Centers by Donald Horton and others (PS 001 073); (c) Document 3, An Experimental Approach to Studying Non-Verbal Representation in…

  15. Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

    2012-01-01

    Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

  16. Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,

    E-print Network

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

  17. A Study of Research and Evaluation Offices and Office Functions in the Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Janet S.; Birdseye, Ann T.

    A survey covered categories of budget, organization, staff resources, activities, and reporting techniques and policies; the survey revealed Research and Evaluation (R and E) offices received federal or state funding. Therefore, most retain financial independence from programs evaluated. The best placement of R and E offices in the school…

  18. Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glick, Ashley

    2010-01-01

    Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…

  19. Evaluative research study of a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) honors program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arlene P. Maclin

    2007-01-01

    This research includes a comprehensive evaluation of a full scholarship program at Norfolk State University (NSU), which serves principally African American students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. African Americans are currently underrepresented in STEM areas. The emphasis of this program, which was initiated in 1985, was developed to encourage African American students to pursue graduate degrees in

  20. Illuminating reform evaluation studies through incorporating teacher effectiveness research: A case study in mathematics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Kyriakides; C. Charalambous; G. Philippou; R. J. Campbell

    2006-01-01

    The goal of the present study was twofold: first to examine teachers' and students' reactions toward a mathematics reform introduced in Cypriot primary schools, and second to investigate the factors influencing the effectiveness of the reform. Using both quantitative and qualitative data we found that students' progress was determined by a number of factors related to teachers' and students' personal

  1. Management Consulting Case Study. Research on Evaluation Program. Paper and Report Series. No. 74.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfield, Jonathan

    A set of studies done for the Washington State Superintendent of Public Instruction (WSPI) constituted a case study testing the conjecture that management consulting is potentially cost effective in some areas of educational evaluation. The case study involved first interviewing 22 respondents from four WSPI constituencies (educators, employers,…

  2. 78 FR 55068 - Request for Information To Inform the Title III Evaluation and Research Studies Agenda

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-09

    ...Research Studies Agenda AGENCY: Office of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students, Department of Education...development that is responsive to the needs of English learners (ELs). DATES: Written...

  3. Evaluating the Sustainability of SPARK Physical Education: A Case Study of Translating Research into Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowda, Marsha; Sallis, James F.; McKenzie, Thomas L.; Rosengard, Paul; Kohl, Harold W., III

    2005-01-01

    Dissemination and sustainability of evidence-based physical education programs (PE) has been studied rarely. The sustainability of a health-related PE program (SPARK) was independently evaluated in 111 elementary schools in 7 states. Surveys were mailed to schools that had received SPARK curriculum books, training, and follow-up (response rate =…

  4. Using the Internet for Speech Research: An Evaluative Study Examining Affect in Speech

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoll, Monja A.; Uther, Maria; Costall, Alan

    2011-01-01

    The Internet has rarely been used in auditory perception studies due to concerns about standardisation and calibration across different systems and settings. However, not all auditory research is based on the investigation of fine-grained differences in auditory thresholds. Where meaningful "real-world" listening, for instance the perception of…

  5. 75 FR 79446 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-20

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  6. 76 FR 19189 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  7. 76 FR 73781 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  8. 77 FR 31072 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  9. 78 FR 53015 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  10. 77 FR 72438 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  11. 78 FR 41198 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  12. 76 FR 65781 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-24

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  13. 78 FR 70102 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies; Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  14. 75 FR 28686 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

  15. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center. Progress Report of Research Studies 1966 to 1967. Document 3, an Experimental Approach to Studying Non-Verbal Representation in Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Margery; Cobb, Judith

    A current exploratory research project is directed toward developing means for gathering systematic data on nonverbal representation in young children. Tasks involving nonverbal representational functioning have been developed, evaluated in preliminary work with fifteen 4-year-old subjects, and revised. The revised series of tasks consists of four…

  16. Evaluation Research, Policy, and Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blomberg, Thomas G.; Waldo, Gordon P.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the role of politics in the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program's effort to use evaluation research data to inform Florida's juvenile justice education policies and practices. Two examples illustrate that by maintaining an overriding commitment to its evaluation research purpose, the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement…

  17. Basic Exploratory Research versus Guideline-Compliant Studies Used for Hazard Evaluation and Risk Assessment: Bisphenol A as a Case Study

    PubMed Central

    Tyl, Rochelle W.

    2009-01-01

    Background Myers et al. [Environ Health Perspect 117:309–315 (2009)] argued that Good Laboratory Practices (GLPs) cannot be used as a criterion for selecting data for risk assessment, using bisphenol A (BPA) as a case study. They did not discuss the role(s) of guideline-compliant studies versus basic/exploratory research studies, and they criticized both GLPs and guideline-compliant studies and their roles in formal hazard evaluation and risk assessment. They also specifically criticized our published guideline-compliant dietary studies on BPA in rats and mice and 17?-estradiol (E2) in mice. Objectives As the study director/first author of the criticized E2 and BPA studies, I discuss the uses of basic research versus guideline-compliant studies, how testing guidelines are developed and revised, how new end points are validated, and the role of GLPs. I also provide an overview of the BPA guideline-compliant and exploratory research animal studies and describe BPA pharmacokinetics in rats and humans. I present responses to specific criticisms by Myers et al. Discussion and conclusions Weight-of-evidence evaluations have consistently concluded that low-level BPA oral exposures do not adversely affect human developmental or reproductive health, and I encourage increased validation efforts for “new” end points for inclusion in guideline studies, as well as performance of robust long-term studies to follow early effects (observed in small exploratory studies) to any adverse consequences. PMID:20049112

  18. Evaluation of Telehealth Videoconferencing Psychotherapy in Rural Primary Care: A Mixed-Methods Research Study

    E-print Network

    Gonzalez, Gerardo

    2014-07-15

    The effectiveness of telehealth videoconferencing psychotherapy (TVCP) for a rural sample obtaining services through a primary care setting in Texas was examined by combining single-case and group research methods. Treatment-as-usual was delivered...

  19. Research Strategies for Evaluating Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DuBois, Philip H., Ed.; Mayo, G. Douglas, Ed.

    This document presents papers given at several conferences of Naval Training research personnel, consultants, and investigators from Washington University of St. Louis who were under contract with the Office of Naval Research to develop and test strategies for evaluating training. Part I covers basic issues in training research--learning ability;…

  20. Evaluating State-Financed, Workplace-Based Retraining Programs: Case Studies of Retraining Projects. Research Report No. 91-05.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Creticos, Peter A.; Sheets, Robert G.

    The second phase of a two-phase study evaluated (through 24 care studies in California, Missouri, Illinois, and New York) the feasibility of implementing an evaluation model of workplace-based retraining programs developed during the first phase of the project in California. The feasibility study addressed two components of an evaluation system:…

  1. Evaluative studies in nuclear medicine research. Progress report, October 1, 1979June 30, 1980

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Potchen

    1980-01-01

    Effort since the last progress report (September 1979) has been directed toward assessing the potential short and long term benefits of continued development and application and medical research of emission computed tomograhy (ECT). This report contains a review of existing ECT technology, including functional descriptions of current and proposed image systems, for both sngle-photon ECT (SPECT) and positron ECT (PECT)

  2. Research Collaboration and Publication during Graduate Studies: Evaluating Benefits and Costs from Students' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lei, Simon A.; Chuang, Ning-Kuang

    2009-01-01

    In today's academic climate, the old adage "publish or perish" no longer applies solely to postdoctoral scholars, lecturers, visiting and tenure-track faculty members. Many masters and doctoral (graduate) students nationwide are expected to publish their research results before graduation. Many leading academic departments have required their…

  3. Using Evaluation Results for Improving Teaching Practice: A Research Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.; Stake, Robert E.

    2012-01-01

    This study portrays how a male instructor, his peers, and the department head used feedback from student ratings. A case study approach was employed to provide a holistic mode of inquiry that would be consonant with the exploration of issues addressed by the study. The method selected provided understanding of the process and events taking place…

  4. Who Is Afraid of Evaluation? Ethics in Evaluation Research as a Way to Cope with Excessive Evaluation Anxiety: Insights from a Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bechar, Shlomit; Mero-Jaffe, Irit

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we share our reflections, as evaluators, on an evaluation where we encountered Excessive Evaluation Anxiety (XEA). The signs of XEA which we discerned were particularly evident amongst the program head and staff who were part of a new training program. We present our insights on the evaluation process and its difficulties, as well as…

  5. Evaluation framework for translational research: case study of Australia's get healthy information and coaching service(R).

    PubMed

    O'Hara, Blythe J; Bauman, Adrian E; Eakin, Elizabeth G; King, Lesley; Haas, Marion; Allman-Farinelli, Margaret; Owen, Neville; Cardona-Morell, Magnolia; Farrell, Louise; Milat, Andrew J; Phongsavan, Philayrath

    2013-05-01

    The Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service® (GHS), a free government-funded telephone-delivered information and coaching service was launched in February 2009 by the Australian New South Wales state government. It represents the translation of research evidence applied in the real world (T4 or Phase 4 translation), aimed at addressing the modifiable risk factors associated with the overweight and obesity. In controlled settings, it has been established that telephone-based lifestyle counseling programs are efficacious in reducing anthropometric and behavioral risk factors. This article presents the GHS case study as a population-wide intervention and describes the quasi-experimental evaluation framework used to evaluate both the process (statewide implementation) and impact (effectiveness) of the GHS in a real-world environment. It details the data collection, measures, and statistical analysis required in assessing the process of implementation-reach and recruitment, marketing and promotion, service satisfaction, intervention fidelity, and GHS setting up and operations costs-and in assessing the impact of GHS-increasing physical activity, improving dietary practices, and reducing body weight and waist circumference. The comprehensive evaluation framework designed for the GHS provides a method for building effectiveness evidence of a rare translation of efficacy trial evidence into population-wide practice. PMID:22982704

  6. Quantitative Study of the Value of Research Libraries: A Foundation for the Evaluation of Digital Libraries

    E-print Network

    analyzed using both statistical methods and methods of Data Envelopment Analysis. The results of the study developed for all the services. The principles of Data Envelopment Analysis have been adapted

  7. Evaluation of Teacher Research Programs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, M.

    2003-12-01

    Science education reform advocates students learn science the way it is done. But, few science teachers get the experience of "doing science," so are not well acquainted with scientific inquiry. Several programs for teachers have been conducted that bring teachers into laboratories to work with scientists. Over several years evaluating such projects, (e.g., the Department of Energy Teacher Research Associates Program, Fermilab's QuarkNet program and the National Optical Astronomy Observatories' Teacher Leaders in Research-Based Science Education program) common elements that make the programs successful have emerged. ("Success" means teachers provide students with authentic scientific inquiry experiences.) Common elements include some form of follow-up after the initial research experience, constructive interactions with research scientists, and providing teachers with a global view of how the specific research they are doing fits into a larger picture. Evaluation of these programs has included obtaining multiple perspectives from scientists, teachers and their students, data on classroom implementation, and data on changes in classroom practice as a result of teachers engaging in a research experience. The evaluations provide insight into how best to provide formative and summative feedback for such programs, how scientists can most effectively provide teachers research experiences, and factors that promote transferring knowledge into the classroom to best address science education reform.

  8. Evaluation research, policy, and politics.

    PubMed

    Blomberg, Thomas G; Waldo, Gordon P

    2002-06-01

    This article discusses the role of politics in the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program's effort to use evaluation research data to inform Florida's juvenile justice education policies and practices. Through consideration of the Juvenile Justice Education Enhancement Program's experiences with privatization and the tough love and economy of scale rationales for larger and more custodial juvenile institutions, the variable role of politics is examined. Although the two examples are different, the discussion demonstrates that by maintaining an overriding commitment to its evaluation research purpose, the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program has been able to continue its data-driven policy efforts despite operating in a politically charged environment. PMID:12055880

  9. Measuring Law for Evaluation Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

    2010-01-01

    Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and…

  10. Photovoltaic evaluation study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, G.; Heikkilae, M.; Melasuo, T.; Spanner, S.

    Realizing the value and potential of PV-power as well as the growing need for increased cooperation and sharing of knowledge in the field of photovoltaics, FINNIDA and UNICEF decided to undertake a study of selected PV-projects. There were two main objectives for the study: To gather, compile, evaluate and share information on the photovoltaic technology appropriate to developing countries, and to promote the interest and competence of Finnish research institutes, consultants and manufacturers in photovoltaic development. For this purpose a joint evaluation of significant, primarily UN-supported projects providing for the basic needs of rural communities was undertaken. The Gambia and Kenya offered a variety of such projects, and were chosen as target countries for the study. The projects were chosen to be both comparable and complimentary. In the Gambia, the main subject was a partially integrated health and telecommunications project, but a long-operating drinking water pumping system was also studied. In Kenya, a health project in the Turkana area was examined, and also a large scale water pumping installation for fish farming. Field visits were made in order to verify and supplement the data gathered through document research and earlier investigations. Individual data gathering sheets for the project form the core of this study and are intended to give the necessary information in an organized and accessible format. The findings could practically be condensed into one sentence: PV-systems work very well, if properly designed and installed, but the resources and requirements of the recipients must be considered to a higher degree.

  11. Case study research.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Ruth; Thomas-Gregory, Annette

    2015-06-10

    This article describes case study research for nursing and healthcare practice. Case study research offers the researcher an approach by which a phenomenon can be investigated from multiple perspectives within a bounded context, allowing the researcher to provide a 'thick' description of the phenomenon. Although case study research is a flexible approach for the investigation of complex nursing and healthcare issues, it has methodological challenges, often associated with the multiple methods used in individual studies. These are explored through examples of case study research carried out in practice and education settings. An overview of what constitutes 'good' case study research is proposed. PMID:26058651

  12. Program Evaluation/Review as a Strategy for Continuous Quality Improvement in Weekend Schools: An Action Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belica, Bekim

    2012-01-01

    This evaluation was undertaken as a method of gathering, providing, and analyzing data that would assist educators at a weekend school in ascertaining the perceptions of stakeholders concerning the school. The evaluation sought to determine various recommendations that, if implemented, would be beneficial to the weekend school under study.…

  13. Researchers as Evaluators: Tasks, Tensions and Politics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langfeldt, Liv; Kyvik, Svein

    2011-01-01

    Researchers undertake a number of different research evaluation tasks, taking up a substantial part of their research time--estimated to about one work month per year for a professor. This paper addresses the various evaluator roles and tasks researchers take on, and the tensions they involve. How the research evaluator role may conflict with the…

  14. Evaluation of Strategies for Building a Research Culture--An Empirical Case Study at an African University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Studman, Cliff; Tsheko, G. Nnunu

    2007-01-01

    The impact of change strategies for developing research at an African primarily undergraduate institution is considered using a case study of the University of Botswana. After an analysis of the existing situation, a short research policy, written in understandable terms, was developed. The policy was structured so that it could be used for…

  15. The research of group decision methods for product design evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tong Wu; Xian Zhou; Sui-Huai Yu

    2008-01-01

    The product design evaluation and decision plays a very important role in product quality improvement. Having studied the product design evaluation, decision, and group decision methods, the paper put forward the theory of group decision methods for design evaluation to improve the product design evaluation. Linking with product design evaluation features the paper researched some individual evaluation and group decision

  16. Management systems research study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bruno, A. V.

    1975-01-01

    The development of a Monte Carlo simulation of procurement activities at the NASA Ames Research Center is described. Data cover: simulation of the procurement cycle, construction of a performance evaluation model, examination of employee development, procedures and review of evaluation criteria for divisional and individual performance evaluation. Determination of the influences and apparent impact of contract type and structure and development of a management control system for planning and controlling manpower requirements.

  17. Case study evaluation.

    PubMed Central

    Keen, J.; Packwood, T.

    1995-01-01

    Case study evaluations, using one or more qualitative methods, have been used to investigate important practical and policy questions in health care. This paper describes the features of a well designed case study and gives examples showing how qualitative methods are used in evaluations of health services and health policy. Images p446-a PMID:7640596

  18. Internet-based patient education and support interventions: a review of evaluation studies and directions for future research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huong Q. Nguyen; Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman; Sally H. Rankin; Robert Slaughter; Michael S. Stulbarg

    2004-01-01

    The Internet provides patients, families, and health providers with unparalleled opportunities to learn, inform, and communicate with one another. This paper is a review of studies that have evaluated the impact of professionally facilitated Internet-based programs for diverse clinical populations on health outcomes, utilization, and user satisfaction. The findings suggest that some outcomes in certain groups can be moderately improved

  19. Current Research Studies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... generation of massively parallel DNA sequencers and sophisticated computational methods, the initiative studies the complex role that ... online. Learn more about CCFA Partners. CCFA Clinical Research Alliance The Clinical Research Alliance is a network ...

  20. 76 FR 789 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-06

    ...Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...final report for the Head Start Impact Study, offering interpretations...recommendations on follow-up research, including additional analysis of the Head Start Impact Study data. The...

  1. 76 FR 76417 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ...Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...final report for the Head Start Impact Study, offering interpretations...recommendations on follow-up research, including additional analysis of the Head Start Impact Study data. The...

  2. 75 FR 35816 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ...Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...final report for the Head Start Impact Study, offering interpretations...recommendations on follow-up research, including additional analysis of the Head Start Impact Study. The...

  3. 76 FR 17130 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-28

    ...Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...final report for the Head Start Impact Study, offering interpretations...recommendations on follow-up research, including additional analysis of the Head Start Impact Study data. The...

  4. Evaluating Impact. Education Research Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Veronica, Ed.; Treffgarne, Carew, Ed.

    Papers in this collection address issues related to participatory approaches to assessing impact. The first section, "What Is an Impact Study and How Should We Do It?" contains: (1) "Participatory Impact Assessment" (John Shotton); (2) "Participatory Action Research as an Approach to Impact Assessment" (Victoria McKay); (3) "Participatory…

  5. EVALUATION OF SWEDISH RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICS

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    EVALUATION OF SWEDISH RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICS VETENSKAPSRÅDETS RAPPORTSERIE 16:2010 Funded;#12;EVALUATION OF SWEDISH RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICS Funded by the Swedish Research Council or the Swedish IN MATHEMATICS This report can be ordered at www.vr.se SWEDISH RESEARCH COUNCIL Box 1035 SE-101 38 Stockholm

  6. Designing, Teaching, and Evaluating Two Complementary Mixed Methods Research Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christ, Thomas W.

    2009-01-01

    Teaching mixed methods research is difficult. This longitudinal explanatory study examined how two classes were designed, taught, and evaluated. Curriculum, Research, and Teaching (EDCS-606) and Mixed Methods Research (EDCS-780) used a research proposal generation process to highlight the importance of the purpose, research question and…

  7. A dynamic systems engineering methodology research study. Phase 2: Evaluating methodologies, tools, and techniques for applicability to NASA's systems projects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paul, Arthur S.; Gill, Tepper L.; Maclin, Arlene P.

    1989-01-01

    A study of NASA's Systems Management Policy (SMP) concluded that the primary methodology being used by the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate and its subordinate, the Networks Division, is very effective. Still some unmet needs were identified. This study involved evaluating methodologies, tools, and techniques with the potential for resolving the previously identified deficiencies. Six preselected methodologies being used by other organizations with similar development problems were studied. The study revealed a wide range of significant differences in structure. Each system had some strengths but none will satisfy all of the needs of the Networks Division. Areas for improvement of the methodology being used by the Networks Division are listed with recommendations for specific action.

  8. 76 FR 29756 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation; Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-23

    ...Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...final report for the Head Start Impact Study, offering interpretations...recommendations on follow-up research, including additional analysis of the Head Start Impact Study data. The...

  9. Exploring perceived barriers, drivers, impacts and the need for evaluation of public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study

    PubMed Central

    Snape, D; Kirkham, J; Britten, N; Froggatt, K; Gradinger, F; Lobban, F; Popay, Jennie; Wyatt, K; Jacoby, Ann

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived public involvement (PI) barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and ways of evaluating PI approaches in health and social care research. Background Internationally and within the UK the recognition of potential benefits of PI in health and social care research is gathering momentum and PI is increasingly identified by organisations as a prerequisite for funding. However, there is relatively little examination of the impacts of PI and how those impacts might be measured. Design Mixed method, three-phase, modified Delphi technique, conducted as part of a larger MRC multiphase project. Sample Clinical and non-clinical academics, members of the public, research managers, commissioners and funders. Findings This study found high levels of consensus about the most important barriers and drivers to PI. There was acknowledgement that tokenism was common in relation to PI; and strong support for the view that demonstrating the impacts and value of PI was made more difficult by tokenistic practice. PI was seen as having intrinsic value; nonetheless, there was clear support for the importance of evaluating its impact. Research team cohesion and appropriate resources were considered essential to effective PI implementation. Panellists agreed that PI can be challenging, but can be facilitated by clear guidance, together with models of good practice and measurable standards. Conclusions This study is the first to present empirical evidence of the opinions voiced by key stakeholders on areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived PI barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and the need to evaluate PI. As such it further contributes to debate around best practice in PI, the potential for tokenism and how best to evaluate the impacts of PI. These findings have been used in the development of the Public Involvement Impact Assessment Framework (PiiAF), an online resource which offers guidance to researchers and members of the public involved in the PI process. PMID:24939808

  10. Research for Better Schools: Research & Evaluation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Research for Better Schools (RBS), a non-profit educational research and development firm serving the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S., offers a collection of "online resources from a variety of organizations that support both parent involvement in schools and outreach activities to the larger community." The website resources range from organizations that provide information on how schools and other educational programs work, to organizations that focus more specifically on mathematics.

  11. ACCELERATOR RESEARCH STUDIES

    SciTech Connect

    P.G. O'Shea, M. Reiser, V. L. Granatstein, W. Lawson, I. Haber, R. Kishek

    2004-01-23

    ACCELERATOR RESEARCH STUDIES Task A: Study of the Physics of Space-Charge Dominated Beams for Advanced Accelerator Applications Task B: Studies of High-Power Gyroklystrons and Application to Linear Colliders Task C: Theory and Simulation of the Physics Space-Charge Dominated Beams Annual Report for the Period June 1, 2003 to May 31, 2004

  12. Solving a methodological challenge in work stress evaluation with the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit (StART): a study protocol

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Stress evaluation is a field of strong interest and challenging due to several methodological aspects in the evaluation process. The aim of this study is to propose a study protocol to test a new method (i.e., the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit) to assess psychosocial risk factors at work. Design This method addresses several methodological issues (e.g., subjective vs. objective, qualitative vs quantitative data) by assessing work-related stressors using different kinds of data: i) organisational archival data (organisational indicators sheet); ii) qualitative data (focus group); iii) worker perception (questionnaire); and iv) observational data (observational checklist) using mixed methods research. In addition, it allows positive and negative aspects of work to be considered conjointly, using an approach that considers at the same time job demands and job resources. Discussion The integration of these sources of data can reduce the theoretical and methodological bias related to stress research in the work setting, allows researchers and professionals to obtain a reliable description of workers’ stress, providing a more articulate vision of psychosocial risks, and allows a large amount of data to be collected. Finally, the implementation of the method ensures in the long term a primary prevention for psychosocial risk management in that it aims to reduce or modify the intensity, frequency or duration of organisational demands. PMID:23799950

  13. OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S FOUR LAB STUDY: TOXICOLOGICCAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS (DBPS) AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES FOR A LARGE U. S. EPA MULTILABORATORY STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Office of Research and Development's Four Lab Study: Toxicological and Chemical Evaluation of Complex Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), and Quality Assurance Activities for a Large U.S. EPA Multilaboratoty Study Thomas J. Hughes, Project and QA Manager, Expe...

  14. [Economic evaluation studies in health].

    PubMed

    Rovira-Forns, Joan; Antoñanzas-Villar, Fernando

    2005-12-01

    Clinical journals often publish economic evaluation studies of health technologies and programs. To improve the peer review process and, hence, the quality and validity of published studies, the British Medical Journal (BMJ) established publication guidelines for the publication of economic evaluations aimed at authors, reviewers and editors. The present article analyzes the opportunity of adopting the BMJ's or similar guidelines by Medicina Clínica and the probable effectiveness of this measure. The article concludes that although this initiative would probably improve the review process and the quality of the papers published, it might be worthwhile to review, up-date and adapt the BMJ guidelines to the Spanish context by means of a consensus-forming process. Finally, this article discusses the limitations of the peer review process in improving the quality and validity of economic evaluations and suggests some complementary measures, drawing on lessons and experiences from the field of clinical research. PMID:16464430

  15. Evaluation of Urinary Protein Precipitation Protocols for the Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain Research Network

    PubMed Central

    Jonscher, Karen R.; Osypuk, Andrea A.; van Bokhoven, Adrie; Lucia, M. Scott

    2014-01-01

    Standardization of sample collection, shipping, and storage has been a major focus of biorepositories servicing large, multi-institute studies. The standardization of total protein concentration measurements may also provide an important metric for characterizing biospecimens. The measurement of total protein concentration in urine is challenging because of widely variable sample dilutions obtained in the clinic and the lack of a reference matrix for use with a standard curve and blank subtraction. Urinary proteins are therefore typically precipitated and reconstituted in a reference solution before quantitation. We have tested three different methods for protein precipitation and evaluated them using variability in total protein concentration measurement as a metric. The methods were tested on four urine samples ranging from very concentrated to very dilute. A method using a commercially available kit provided the most reproducible results, with average coefficients of variation <10%. Addition of a freeze/thaw did not lead to significant protein loss or additional variability. Samples were titrated and the measurements obtained appeared to be linearly correlated with sample starting volume. This method was applied to analysis of 77 urine biorepository samples and provided reproducible results when the same sample was assayed on different microwell plates. PMID:25365794

  16. Feminist research: definitions, methodology, methods and evaluation.

    PubMed

    Webb, C

    1993-03-01

    The literature relating to feminist research both within and beyond nursing is reviewed in this paper. Feminist research is located within a post-positivist paradigm, and various definitions are considered. The distinctive methodological approach of feminist research is discussed, and interviewing and ethnography are evaluated as suitable methods for use in feminist research. Oakley's (1981) paper on interviewing women is subjected to criticism. A final section examines attempts by three sets of writers to propose evaluation criteria for feminist research. The review concludes that a number of paradoxes and dilemmas in feminist research have yet to be resolved. PMID:8450137

  17. The Climate Change Collection: A Case Study on Digital Library Collection Review and the Integration of Research, Education and Evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCaffrey, M.

    2005-05-01

    Designed as an pilot project to assess the scientific and pedagogical quality of selected digital resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE), the Climate Change Collection is thematic collection of digital resources relating to the topic of global climate change. Developed through the collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary review team made up of professionals from the fields of climate research, geoscience education, cognitive psychology, and evaluation, the findings of the project suggest that the user needs of the reviewers should be considered in any review process, that there is inherent value in the collaboration of scientists, teachers and related fields in determining the quality of particular resources, and that the process of preparing for and conducting such reviews and annotations is time-consuming and challenging. Drawing from the experience of prior collection development efforts associated with DLESE, including the Community Review System and the Digital Water Education Library, the Climate Change Collection was developed during the Fall of 2004 and Winter of 2005. Through a series of monthly meetings with the review team facilitated by the Principal Investigator acting as Editor for the collection, and assisted by an online workspace known as a SWIKI, the Climate Change Collection was designed as an experiment in streamlined collection development that may help inform future digital library review and collection-building efforts. The initial meetings focused on training the reviewers, setting context for the review process, and discussing the perspectives of the various participants in the review team. Each participant received a stipend for their involvement in the process. A rubric "scorecard" was developed, tested, and fine-tuned by the review team with a focus primarily on scientific accuracy and the potential for effective use in the classroom. Specific concepts relating to aspects of natural climate variability and human impacts on the climate system were examined, with existing resources cataloged within DLESE being the primary materials reviewed. Each complete "scorecard" review, is posted on the web, and is accessible through a summary review that highlights the overall rating from the reviewers and key annotations of the reviewers, including suggestions on classroom use of the resource.

  18. Where Is the Literature in Evaluation on Managing Studies, Evaluators, and Evaluation Units?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton, Donald W.

    2009-01-01

    On the basis of a multistage exploration of evaluation texts, electronic searches, and nominations from the field and from managing social science, the author concludes there is little research literature on managing evaluation studies, evaluators and other workers, and evaluation units. The discussion explores what this limited literature tells…

  19. Project Change Evaluation Research Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leiderman, Sally A.; Dupree, David M.

    Project Change is a community-driven anti-racism initiative operating in four communities: Albuquerque, New Mexico; El Paso, Texas; Knoxville, Tennessee; and Valdosta, Georgia. The formative evaluation of Project Change began in 1994 when all of the sites were still in planning or early action phases. Findings from the summative evaluation will be…

  20. Presenting and Evaluating Qualitative Research

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to help authors to think about ways to present qualitative research papers in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. It also discusses methods for reviewers to assess the rigour, quality, and usefulness of qualitative research. Examples of different ways to present data from interviews, observations, and focus groups are included. The paper concludes with guidance for publishing qualitative research and a checklist for authors and reviewers. PMID:21179252

  1. EQUIPT: protocol of a comparative effectiveness research study evaluating cross-context transferability of economic evidence on tobacco control

    PubMed Central

    Pokhrel, Subhash; Evers, Silvia; Leidl, Reiner; Trapero-Bertran, Marta; Kalo, Zoltan; de Vries, Hein; Crossfield, Andrea; Andrews, Fiona; Rutter, Ailsa; Coyle, Kathryn; Lester-George, Adam; West, Robert; Owen, Lesley; Jones, Teresa; Vogl, Matthias; Radu-Loghin, Cornel; Voko, Zoltan; Huic, Mirjana; Coyle, Doug

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Tobacco smoking claims 700?000 lives every year in Europe and the cost of tobacco smoking in the EU is estimated between €98 and €130 billion annually; direct medical care costs and indirect costs such as workday losses each represent half of this amount. Policymakers all across Europe are in need of bespoke information on the economic and wider returns of investing in evidence-based tobacco control, including smoking cessation agendas. EQUIPT is designed to test the transferability of one such economic evidence base—the English Tobacco Return on Investment (ROI) tool—to other EU member states. Methods and analysis EQUIPT is a multicentre, interdisciplinary comparative effectiveness research study in public health. The Tobacco ROI tool already developed in England by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) will be adapted to meet the needs of European decision-makers, following transferability criteria. Stakeholders' needs and intention to use ROI tools in sample countries (Germany, Hungary, Spain and the Netherlands) will be analysed through interviews and surveys and complemented by secondary analysis of the contextual and other factors. Informed by this contextual analysis, the next phase will develop country-specific ROI tools in sample countries using a mix of economic modelling and Visual Basic programming. The results from the country-specific ROI models will then be compared to derive policy proposals that are transferable to other EU states, from which a centralised web tool will be developed. This will then be made available to stakeholders to cater for different decision-making contexts across Europe. Ethics and dissemination The Brunel University Ethics Committee and relevant authorities in each of the participating countries approved the protocol. EQUIPT has a dedicated work package on dissemination, focusing on stakeholders’ communication needs. Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, e-learning resources and policy briefs. PMID:25421342

  2. Medicare and Clinical Research Studies

    MedlinePLUS

    Medicare & Clinical Research Studies CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES 2 Y ou may have the choice to join a clinical ... pay for some of your costs. What are clinical research studies? Clinical research studies (also called clinical trials) ...

  3. Evaluation and Ranking of Researchers – Bh Index

    PubMed Central

    Bharathi, D. Gnana

    2013-01-01

    Evaluation and ranking of every author is very crucial as it is widely used to evaluate the performance of the researcher. This article proposes a new method, called Bh-Index, to evaluate the researchers based on the publications and citations. The method is built on h-Index and only the h-core articles are taken into consideration. The method assigns value additions to those articles that receive significantly high citations in comparison to the h-Index of the researcher. It provides a wide range of values for a given h-Index and effective evaluation even for a short period. Use of Bh-Index along with the h-Index gives a powerful tool to evaluate the researchers. PMID:24349183

  4. The COMPASS study: a longitudinal hierarchical research platform for evaluating natural experiments related to changes in school-level programs, policies and built environment resources

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Few researchers have the data required to adequately understand how the school environment impacts youth health behaviour development over time. Methods/Design COMPASS is a prospective cohort study designed to annually collect hierarchical longitudinal data from a sample of 90 secondary schools and the 50,000+ grade 9 to 12 students attending those schools. COMPASS uses a rigorous quasi-experimental design to evaluate how changes in school programs, policies, and/or built environment (BE) characteristics are related to changes in multiple youth health behaviours and outcomes over time. These data will allow for the quasi-experimental evaluation of natural experiments that will occur within schools over the course of COMPASS, providing a means for generating “practice based evidence” in school-based prevention programming. Discussion COMPASS is the first study with the infrastructure to robustly evaluate the impact that changes in multiple school-level programs, policies, and BE characteristics within or surrounding a school might have on multiple youth health behaviours or outcomes over time. COMPASS will provide valuable new insight for planning, tailoring and targeting of school-based prevention initiatives where they are most likely to have impact. PMID:24712314

  5. A Model for the Evaluation of a Testing Program. Working Paper Number Four of the Program of Studies in Educational Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unks, Nancy J.; Cox, Richard C.

    The evaluation of a testing program is necessary before or during a sound total project evaluation. Ideally, the testing program study should be concurrent with, and equal in magnitude to, the total project evaluation. Step one in an evaluation is to define the testing program's objectives in operational terms. Step two is a thorough description…

  6. Accelerator research studies

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the second year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams,'' (P.I., M. Reiser); TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams,'' (Co-P.I.'s, W.W. Destler, M. Reiser, M.J. Rhee, and C.D. Striffler); TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-Power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders,'' (Co-P.I.'s, V.L. Granatstein, W. Lawson, M. Reiser, and C.D. Striffler). In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

  7. Fuels research studies at NASA Lewis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Antoine, A. C.

    1982-01-01

    Fuels research studies carried out in a variety of areas related to aviation propulsion, ground transportation, and stationary power generation systems are discussed. The major efforts are directed to studies on fuels for jet aircraft. These studies involve fuels preparation, fuels analysis, and fuel quality evaluations. The scope and direction of research activities in these areas is discussed, descriptions of Lewis capabilities and facilities given, and results of recent research efforts reported.

  8. Participatory Research, Monitoring & Evaluation: Applications in Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rena Brar Prayaga

    This paper introduces the concept of participatory research, monitoring and evaluation and examines its relevance to the field of education. It discusses some of the similarities between a participatory approach to evaluation and a constructivist approach to learning. It then describes a school setting where knowledge building and knowledge sharing practices have been successfully implemented, resulting in a stronger school

  9. Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD): Evaluation plan

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD) project evaluation will determine the extent to which the CORD model of linking primary care (PC) interventions to public health (PH) interventions in multiple community sectors affects BMI and behavior in children (2 to 12 years). The evaluation c...

  10. Evaluating engineering education schemes in Scotland (EEESiS): A case study giving insights into authentic science in schools and appropriate research methodologies in science education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian E Woolnough

    A contract research evaluation of Engineering Education schemes in Scotland raises questions about a) the nature of authentic science, and science in schools and b) the appropriate methods for research in Science Education. In Scot- land, as in other countries, schemes are provided with the aim of encouraging stu- dents towards, and developing in them skills appropriate to, engineering. These

  11. Evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies

    PubMed Central

    Dumontier, Michel; Gkoutos, Georgios V.

    2013-01-01

    Ontologies are now pervasive in biomedicine, where they serve as a means to standardize terminology, to enable access to domain knowledge, to verify data consistency and to facilitate integrative analyses over heterogeneous biomedical data. For this purpose, research on biomedical ontologies applies theories and methods from diverse disciplines such as information management, knowledge representation, cognitive science, linguistics and philosophy. Depending on the desired applications in which ontologies are being applied, the evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies must follow different strategies. Here, we provide a classification of research problems in which ontologies are being applied, focusing on the use of ontologies in basic and translational research, and we demonstrate how research results in biomedical ontologies can be evaluated. The evaluation strategies depend on the desired application and measure the success of using an ontology for a particular biomedical problem. For many applications, the success can be quantified, thereby facilitating the objective evaluation and comparison of research in biomedical ontology. The objective, quantifiable comparison of research results based on scientific applications opens up the possibility for systematically improving the utility of ontologies in biomedical research. PMID:22962340

  12. Action Research and Evaluation On Line

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Action research consists of a family of research methodologies which pursue action and research outcomes at the same time. Areol, action research and evaluation on line, is a 14-week public course offered each semester as a public service by Southern Cross University and the Southern Cross Institute of Action Research. There are four orientation sessions. The first will give students some idea of the commitment in time that it may take to engage properly in the program. The second overviews the program. The third discusses the setting up of learning groups as an associated activity.

  13. Evaluation Criteria for Participatory Research: Insights from Coastal Uruguay

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

    2014-07-01

    Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution.

  14. Evaluation of a Teleform-based data collection system: a multi-center obesity research case study.

    PubMed

    Jenkins, Todd M; Wilson Boyce, Tawny; Akers, Rachel; Andringa, Jennifer; Liu, Yanhong; Miller, Rosemary; Powers, Carolyn; Ralph Buncher, C

    2014-06-01

    Utilizing electronic data capture (EDC) systems in data collection and management allows automated validation programs to preemptively identify and correct data errors. For our multi-center, prospective study we chose to use TeleForm, a paper-based data capture software that uses recognition technology to create case report forms (CRFs) with similar functionality to EDC, including custom scripts to identify entry errors. We quantified the accuracy of the optimized system through a data audit of CRFs and the study database, examining selected critical variables for all subjects in the study, as well as an audit of all variables for 25 randomly selected subjects. Overall we found 6.7 errors per 10,000 fields, with similar estimates for critical (6.9/10,000) and non-critical (6.5/10,000) variables-values that fall below the acceptable quality threshold of 50 errors per 10,000 established by the Society for Clinical Data Management. However, error rates were found to widely vary by type of data field, with the highest rate observed with open text fields. PMID:24709056

  15. How hard can it be to include research evidence and evaluation in local health policy implementation? Results from a mixed methods study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Although an evidence-based approach is the ideal model for planning and delivering healthcare, barriers exist to using research evidence to implement and evaluate service change. This paper aims to inform policy implementation and evaluation by understanding the role of research evidence at the local level through implementation of a national chronic conditions management policy. Methods We conducted a national email survey of health service commissioners at the most devolved level of decision-making in Wales (Local Health Boards – LHBs) followed by in-depth interviews with representatives of LHBs, purposively selecting five to reflect geographic and economic characteristics. Survey data were analysed descriptively; we used thematic analysis for interview data. Results All LHBs (n = 22) completed questionnaires. All reported they routinely assessed the research literature before implementing interventions, but free-text answers revealed wide variation in approach. Most commonly reported information sources included personal contacts, needs assessments, information or research databases. No consistent approach to evaluation was reported. Frequently reported challenges were: insufficient staff capacity (17/22); limited skills, cost, limited time, competing priorities (16/22); availability and quality of routine data (15/22). Respondents reported they would value central guidance on evaluation. Five interviews were held with managers from the five LHBs contacted. Service delivery decisions were informed by Welsh Government initiatives and priorities, budgets, perceived good practice, personal knowledge, and local needs, but did not include formal research evidence, they reported. Decision making was a collaborative process including clinical staff, patient representatives, and partner organization managers with varying levels of research experience. Robust evaluation data were required, but they were constrained by a lack of skills, time, and resources. They viewed evaluation as a means of demonstrating that targets had been met. Conclusions There is a gap between evidence-based aims of national health policy and how health services are commissioned, implemented, and evaluated at local level. Commissioners and managers are unable to routinely incorporate research evidence. If health services research is to identify most effective ways to implement high quality care, it should be incorporated into commissioning and service delivery. Local commissioners and managers need to build the critical use of research evidence and evaluation into health policy implementation at local level in order to provide consistent and effective healthcare services. PMID:23402558

  16. A Bibliometric Evaluation of Core Journals in Communication Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Byron; Borgman, Christine

    The citation study technique, known as bibliometrics, was undertaken in this study to evaluate scholarly exchange among the core journals in the field of communication. The journals studied were "Central States Speech Journal,""Communication Research,""Journal of Broadcasting,""Journal of Communication,""Journalism Quarterly,""Public Opinion…

  17. Systematic review of methods for evaluating healthcare research economic impact

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The economic benefits of healthcare research require study so that appropriate resources can be allocated to this research, particularly in developing countries. As a first step, we performed a systematic review to identify the methods used to assess the economic impact of healthcare research, and the outcomes. Method An electronic search was conducted in relevant databases using a combination of specific keywords. In addition, 21 relevant Web sites were identified. Results The initial search yielded 8,416 articles. After studying titles, abstracts, and full texts, 18 articles were included in the analysis. Eleven other reports were found on Web sites. We found that the outcomes assessed as healthcare research payback included direct cost-savings, cost reductions in healthcare delivery systems, benefits from commercial advancement, and outcomes associated with improved health status. Two methods were used to study healthcare research payback: macro-economic studies, which examine the relationship between research studies and economic outcome at the aggregated level, and case studies, which examine specific research projects to assess economic impact. Conclusions Our study shows that different methods and outcomes can be used to assess the economic impacts of healthcare research. There is no unique methodological approach for the economic evaluation of such research. In our systematic search we found no research that had evaluated the economic return of research in low and middle income countries. We therefore recommend a consensus on practical guidelines at international level on the basis of more comprehensive methodologies (such as Canadian Academic of Health Science and payback frameworks) in order to build capacity, arrange for necessary informative infrastructures and promote necessary skills for economic evaluation studies. PMID:20196839

  18. Medical research and evaluation facility and studies supporting the Medical Chemical Defense Program. Evaluation of the utility of human skin equivalents for studying HD-induced dermatotoxicity and evaluating antivesicant treatment regimens. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Olson, C.T.; Snider, T.H.; Hobson, D.W.; Logel, C.A.; Johnson, J.B.

    1997-07-01

    Two human skin culture models, also known as human skin equivalents (HSEs), and dermatomed (split thickness) natural human skin (NHS) were assessed for use in studies investigating the dermatotoxic effects of sulfur mustard BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL) SULFIDE; HD. The HSEs examined were model ZK1300 from Advanced Tissue Sciences (ATS, La Jolla, CA) and Epiderm from MatTek Corporation (Ashland, MA). NHS specimens were obtained either fresh from the Ohio State University branch of the Cooperative Human Tissue Network (Columbus, OH), or cryopreserved from the Ohio Valley Tissue and Skin Center (OVTSC, Cincinnati, OH). The utility of each skin model was assessed by histopathology and by several viability indices. Tissue samples were processed for both light and electron microscopy and examined for consistency among HSE lots and among NHS patients in exhibiting normal ultrastructural details. In particular, the samples were examined for the presence of a continuous, intact basement membrane and an epidermal-dermal interface resembling that found in normal, living human skin.

  19. Youth Opportunity Fund and Youth Capital Fund: Evaluation Findings from Initial Case-Study Visits. Research Report DCSF-RR004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donnell, Lisa; Bielby, Gill; Golden, Sarah; Morris, Marian; Walker, Matthew; Maguire, Sue

    2007-01-01

    The Department for Education and Skills (Replace by the Department for Children, Schools and Families as of June 28, 2007) commissioned the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to conduct an evaluation of the Youth Opportunity Fund and Youth Capital Fund (YOF/YCF). This summary presents the main findings from the interim report of…

  20. Evaluating the BK 21 Program. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seong, Somi; Popper, Steven W.; Goldman, Charles A.; Evans, David K.; Grammich, Clifford A.

    2008-01-01

    The Brain Korea 21 program (BK21), an effort to improve Korean universities and research, has attracted a great deal of attention in Korea, producing the need to understand how well the program is meeting its goals. RAND developed a logic model for identifying program goals and dynamics, suggested quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods,…

  1. Evaluation Research and Program Evaluation Retrospect and Prospect: A Reformulation of the Role of the Evaluator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eash, Maurice J.

    This essay focuses on a key change that the author has experienced in the practice of program evaluation research over the past 20 years: the accommodation of the logic of science and the psychology of politics. This change has substantially altered the role of the evaluator, the evaluator's relationship with clients, the design of an evaluation

  2. How to report a research study.

    PubMed

    Cronin, Paul; Rawson, James V; Heilbrun, Marta E; Lee, Janie M; Kelly, Aine M; Sanelli, Pina C; Bresnahan, Brian W; Paladin, Angelisa M

    2014-09-01

    Incomplete reporting hampers the evaluation of results and bias in clinical research studies. Guidelines for reporting study design and methods have been developed to encourage authors and journals to include the required elements. Recent efforts have been made to standardize the reporting of clinical health research including clinical guidelines. In this article, the reporting of diagnostic test accuracy studies, screening studies, therapeutic studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, cost-effectiveness assessments (CEA), recommendations and/or guidelines, and medical education studies is discussed. The available guidelines, many of which can be found at the Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research network, on how to report these different types of health research are also discussed. We also hope that this article can be used in academic programs to educate the faculty and trainees of the available resources to improve our health research. PMID:25107863

  3. Evaluating the Real-World Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy Efficacy Research on Eating Disorders: A Case Study from a Community-based Clinical Setting

    PubMed Central

    Lowe, Michael R.; Bunnell, Douglas W.; Neeren, Amy M.; Chernyak, Yelena; Greberman, Laurel

    2009-01-01

    Objective There is a growing consensus that there is a need to test the real-world effectiveness of eating disorder therapies that show promise in efficacy research. The current paper provides a narrative account of an NIMH-funded study that attempted to apply efficacy findings from CBT research to an Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) at the largest community-based eating disorder program in the United States. Method We describe the study as originally envisioned as well as the various challenges that the researchers and the IOP staff encountered in implementing this study. Results The different training, assumptions, and “ways of knowing” of the research team and the treatment staff in regard to the nature of eating disorders and their treatment created multiple challenges for both groups during the study period. We describe valuable lessons learned about how to - and how not to -implement effectiveness designs in clinical settings that are relatively unfamiliar with empirically-based research findings. Discussion It is hoped that our experience in attempting to apply efficacy-based research findings on eating disorders treatment in a community-based clinical setting will prove helpful to other researchers and service providers engaging in such translational research. PMID:20063375

  4. Tuberculosis care: an evaluability study

    PubMed Central

    Coelho, Ardigleusa Alves; Martiniano, Cláudia Santos; Brito, Ewerton Willian Gomes; Negrão, Oswaldo Gomes Corrêa; Arcêncio, Ricardo Alexandre; Uchôa, Severina Alice da Costa

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to verify whether the tuberculosis control program (TCP) is evaluable and to examine the feasibility of building an evaluation model in apriority municipality for the control of tuberculosis. METHOD: this evaluability study was conducted in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. For data collection, documental analysis and interviews with key informants were performed. For indicator validation, the nominal group technique was adopted. RESULTS: the details of TCP were described, and both the logical model and the classification framework for indicators were developed and agreed up on, with the goal of characterizing the structural elements of the program, defining the structure and process indicators, and formulating the evaluation questions. CONCLUSION: TCP is evaluable. Based on logical operational analysis, it was possible to evaluate the adequacy of the program goals for the control of tuberculosis. Therefore, the performance of a summative evaluation is recommended, with a focus on the analysis of the effects of tuberculosis control interventions on decreasing morbidity and mortality. PMID:25493675

  5. Evaluation of the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 Criteria for Myocardial Infarction in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Prospective Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Nilsson, Lennart; Appel, Carl-Fredrik; Hultkvist, Henrik; Vánky, Farkas

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the relevance of the individual components of the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 criteria for periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The association between biomarkers and adverse procedural outcome has been established. However, the additive prognostic importance of signs and symptoms are more uncertain. Methods A total of 125 consecutive TAVI patients were prospectively included in this study. Biomarkers for MI were analyzed and signs and symptoms according to VARC-2 criteria were collected from clinical records. Results The criteria of elevated biomarkers and of signs or symptoms were found in 27 (22%) and 32 (26%) of the patients, respectively. According to VARC-2 definition, 12 (10%) had MI. VARC-2 definition of MI, Troponin T (TnT) > 600 ng/L, and presence of signs or symptoms correlated with 6 months mortality, prolonged ICU stay, elevation of N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide, and renal impairment. No signs or symptoms were found in 7 (44%) of the patients who fulfilled the criterion of elevated TnT > 600 ng/L. In the group with positive TnT criterion, there were no significant differences between those with and without signs or symptoms in respect to levels of TnT (1014 [585–1720] ng/L versus 704 [515–905] ng/L, p = 0.17) or creatine kinase-MB (36 [25–52] ?g/L versus 29 [25–39] ?g/L, p = 0.32). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, TnT > 600 ng/L was the only significant independent variable associated with 6-months postprocedural mortality. Conclusions Myocardial injury in TAVI, measured with biomarkers, correlates well with adverse procedural outcome. In this study it is also the strongest predictor for early postprocedural mortality. The additional requirement of signs or symptoms for the diagnosis of MI results in omission of a considerable number of clinically significant MI. PMID:26069958

  6. Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan

    E-print Network

    Lilly, P.; Pearson, D.

    Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan Patrick Lilly, Engineering Research Manager, Regional Economic Research, Inc., Vancouver, Washington Dennis Pearson, Energy Research and Evaluation Analyst, Seattle City Light...-energy benefits. A summary of conclusions and lessons learned is also provided. The evaluation team included Patrick Lilly of Regional Economic Research Inc., Paresh Parekh of Unicade Inc., D'Arcy Swanson of Pacific Sciences Inc., and Dennis Pearson...

  7. CORRESPONDENCE STUDY EVALUATION PROJECT, STAGE 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BALL, SANDRA J.; AND OTHERS

    AN ANALYSIS OF DATA COLLECTED FROM STUDENT REGISTRATION CARDS AND THE FORMULATION OF A STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE CONSTITUTE THE FIRST PART OF A THREE-STAGE LONG-RANGE RESEARCH PROJECT TO EVALUATE A UNIVERSITY CORRESPONDENCE STUDY PROGRAM. THE DATA ANALYSIS DESCRIBES THE POPULATION OF CORRESPONDENCE STUDENTS IN TERMS OF RELEVANT INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL…

  8. FUNDAMENTAL COMBUSTION RESEARCH APPLIED TO POLLUTION FORMATION. VOLUME 3. SUPPORT STUDIES: MEASUREMENT STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report, one of four volumes describing research performed under EPA's Fundamental Combustion Research (FCR) Applied to Pollution Formation Program, gives results of three studies related to measurement system evaluations. Section I documents an evaluation of the performance a...

  9. A Research Synthesis of the Evaluation Capacity Building Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Labin, Susan N.; Duffy, Jennifer L.; Meyers, Duncan C.; Wandersman, Abraham; Lesesne, Catherine A.

    2012-01-01

    The continuously growing demand for program results has produced an increased need for evaluation capacity building (ECB). The "Integrative ECB Model" was developed to integrate concepts from existing ECB theory literature and to structure a synthesis of the empirical ECB literature. The study used a broad-based research synthesis method with…

  10. Evaluation of Participatory Research in Developing Community Leadership Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karim, Wazir-Jahan B.

    1982-01-01

    This paper attempts to evaluate and explain the dynamic processes of decision-making and leadership development through participatory research, using the Malaysian experience as a case study. The focus is on the structural and situational constraints in the Malaysian rural society, the formal political machinery and the implementation of…

  11. Teaching Students to Evaluate Source Reliability during Internet Research Tasks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher A. Sanchez; Susan R. Goldman

    2006-01-01

    Despite the overwhelming use of the Internet as an educational\\/informational resource, research has found that learners are woefully in need of guidance on how to use this resource effectively, and subsequently identify reliable sources of information from unreliable. This study seeks to address this issue through the SEEK training program, which encourages learners to evaluate the source and quality of

  12. Applied Research Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leach, Ronald J.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to study the feasibility of reusing major components of a software system that had been used to control the operations of a spacecraft launched in the 1980s. The study was done in the context of a ground data processing system that was to be rehosted from a large mainframe to an inexpensive workstation. The study concluded that a systematic approach using inexpensive tools could aid in the reengineering process by identifying a set of certified reusable components. The study also developed procedures for determining duplicate versions of software, which were created because of inadequate naming conventions. Such procedures reduced reengineering costs by approximately 19.4 percent.

  13. SERVICE RESEARCH OUTCOME STUDY (SROS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Services Research Outcome Study (SROS) is a follow-up to the 1990 Drug Services Research Survey (DSRS). The SROS provided for a five year post-discharge follow-up of a broadly representative sample of approximately 3,000 drug clients treated during 1989 to 1990. The study asc...

  14. Research on evaluation techniques for immersive multimedia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hashim, Aslinda M.; Romli, Fakaruddin Fahmi; Zainal Osman, Zosipha

    2013-03-01

    Nowadays Immersive Multimedia covers most usage in tremendous ways, such as healthcare/surgery, military, architecture, art, entertainment, education, business, media, sport, rehabilitation/treatment and training areas. Moreover, the significant of Immersive Multimedia to directly meet the end-users, clients and customers needs for a diversity of feature and purpose is the assembly of multiple elements that drive effective Immersive Multimedia system design, so evaluation techniques is crucial for Immersive Multimedia environments. A brief general idea of virtual environment (VE) context and `realism' concept that formulate the Immersive Multimedia environments is then provided. This is followed by a concise summary of the elements of VE assessment technique that is applied in Immersive Multimedia system design, which outlines the classification space for Immersive Multimedia environments evaluation techniques and gives an overview of the types of results reported. A particular focus is placed on the implications of the Immersive Multimedia environments evaluation techniques in relation to the elements of VE assessment technique, which is the primary purpose of producing this research. The paper will then conclude with an extensive overview of the recommendations emanating from the research.

  15. 76 FR 42712 - Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ...Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...final report for the Head Start Impact Study, offering interpretations...recommendations on follow-up research, including additional analysis of the Head Start Impact Study data. The...

  16. Gender Studies & Feminist Research

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    in the Urban Culture Industries" MICHELE LANDSBERG | With the Dean of Humanities Office February 24, 2012 | 7'S) | With English & Cultural Studies February 7, 2012 | 7:30PM | CIBC Hall, MUSC 319 "Feminism, NeoLiberalism and Family: Human Capital at Home" February 9, 2012 | 1:30PM | TSH 118 "Be Creative: Making a Living

  17. FINAL REPORT ON HEAD START EVALUATION AND RESEARCH--1966-67 TO THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. SECTION VII, SENSORY AND PERCEPTUAL STUDIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HOLMES, DAVID S.; AND OTHERS

    THREE STUDIES OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ARE INCLUDED IN THIS EVALUATION REPORT. (1) "'NEURAL CONDUCTIVITY' AND ACHIEVEMENT IN CULTURALLY DEPRIVED STUDENTS." NEURAL CONDUCTIVITY WAS INFERRED FROM A CORRELATION BETWEEN PUPILLARY RESPONSE AND CHILDREN'S PRESCHOOL PERFORMANCE. COMPLICATIONS IN ACQUIRING AND USING THE NECESSARY EQUIPMENT RESULTED IN THE…

  18. FDA: Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The mission of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is "to protect and enhance the public health through the regulation of biological and related products including blood, vaccines, allergenics, tissues, and cellular and gene therapies." Their mission is an important one, and consumers and scientists will want to bookmark this page and return to it on a regular basis. On this page, visitors can sign up for their RSS feed and read through some key resources. Users can also browse resources on biologics depending on their needs: consumer, healthcare and industry level information is provided.

  19. Evaluating preceptors: a methodological study.

    PubMed

    Bradley, Heather; Cantrell, Donita; Dollahan, Katherine; Hall, Brittany; Lewis, Preston; Merritt, Sharon; Mills, Linda; Moe, Krista; White, Dolores

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and test the Baptist Health Lexington Performance and Proficiency Assessment for validity and reliability. Twelve expert nurse educators evaluated the instrument for content validity. The sample for test-retest included nurse administrators (5), preceptors (9), and new graduates (10). To evaluate internal consistency, administrators (12), preceptors (66), and new graduates (43) responded. Strong validity and reliability were found for all subscales on the preceptor and new graduate versions. PMID:25784491

  20. UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established in 1969, the Chicano Studies Research Center at UCLA places a premium on "interdisciplinary and collaborative research that analyzes issues critical to the knowledge of Chicano and Latino communities in the United States." Visitors to their site will find information on their ongoing research projects, such as the Mexican-American Study Project, a 30-year longitudinal and inter-generational study of the Mexican-origin people. Scholars will find the section devoted to the Center's publications quite helpful, as it contains links to "Azatlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies" and a series of policy briefs addressing issues affecting the Latino community. For persons looking for more detailed scholarship within the field of Chicano studies, a link to the research center library is also provided.

  1. Professionalization of Evaluative Research: Conflict as a Sign of Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conner, Ross F.; Dickman, Frances Baker

    1979-01-01

    Issues concerning the professionalization of evaluative research that are discussed in this reply to Morell and Flaherty include: the nature and substance of conflicts in evaluative research, conflicts over methodological perspectives, the role of the evaluator in program planning, and the appropriate uses and users of evaluative information.…

  2. Weapon research project cost evaluation method based on technology readiness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tengda Guo; Mengjun Li; Chaomin Ou

    2011-01-01

    Traditional weapon research project pricing method makes the bigger valuation cost, the more profit research department is got. The weapon research department always loses the driver of saving cost and controlling expenditure. This paper identifies the technology units, evaluates technology risk based on technology readiness theory. According to value engineering methods, it provides weapon research project cost evaluation method from

  3. In Retrospect, 1980-81: Special Education Research. Special Education Research and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    The manual presents a composite of final reports of seven special education research and evaluation studies undertaken by the Dallas Independent School District in 1980-81. Each report contains information on program objectives, sampling, design, and outcomes. Topics covered include the development of a special education computerized information…

  4. Institutional Research, Fiscal Year 1978: Evaluations. Research Monographs II, IV, and V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Oklahoma City Junior Coll., OK.

    The first of the three research studies presented in this collection focuses on student, faculty, and staff evaluation of media production and distribution at South Oklahoma City Junior College. Results from the questionnaire surveys revealed that students used the Learning Resource Center two to three times a month, while faculty and staff used…

  5. RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Chenhall

    Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

  6. Development of a Tactical Guidance Research and Evaluation System (TGRES)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodrich, Kenneth H.; McManus, John W.

    1989-01-01

    The development of a simulation tool for tactical guidance research and the evaluation of systems performance in a tactically significant environment is described. The objective of the tool is to provide a means by which researchers can explore and exploit enhancements to airplane agility. The completed tool will include high-fidelity batch and piloted simulation capabilities, an advanced tactical guidance logic and a user-friendly interface. While the tool is being developed for the purpose of studying airplane agility, its modularity should make it easily adaptable to the analysis of other technologies and thus be of interest to a number of potential users.

  7. The Agora and the Role of Research Evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars Frode Frederiksen; Finn Hansson; Søren Barlebo Wenneberg

    2003-01-01

    The evaluation of research is an activity undergoing change. The traditional peer review system with its focus on scientific content and methodology has long been the backbone of research evaluation, but over the last three decades other criteria and considerations have also been integrated into the evaluation of science. This article investigates how recent societal developments - epitomized by the

  8. Evaluation Plan of the Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning, FY1996-FY2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barley, Zoe

    This evaluation plan, which is updated annually, provides a synthesis of the various evaluation activities of Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL). During 1999, the fourth year of the Laboratory's contract period with the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, special studies and integrated studies were designed to…

  9. SEER 2008 Keynote Address: The Importance of Evaluation Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinch, Katherine J.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the keynote address given by Katherine J. Pinch at the 2008 Annual Symposium on Experiential Education Research (SEER). Pinch discusses the importance of evaluation research and argues that the realm of evaluation is where the margins of research and practice have the potential to intersect with the greatest ease. She…

  10. Abstracts of Research and Evaluation Reports 1976-77, Volumes I through V. System-Wide Measurement Results. System-Wide Context Evaluation. Testing Applications, Ad Hoc Research, Context and Input Evaluation. Program Evaluation. Special Project Evaluation and Applied Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    The majority of evaluation reports abstracted in this document were completed by the Research and Evaluation Branch of the Department of Research, Evaluation, and Information Systems of the Dallas, Texas, Independent School District during the l976-77 school year. The abstracts were written to provide useful information to decision-makers and are…

  11. Outcomes research in the development and evaluation of practice guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Pilote, Louise; Tager, Ira B

    2002-01-01

    Background Practice guidelines have been developed in response to the observation that variations exist in clinical medicine that are not related to variations in the clinical presentation and severity of the disease. Despite their widespread use, however, practice guideline evaluation lacks a rigorous scientific methodology to support its development and application. Discussion Firstly, we review the major epidemiological foundations of practice guideline development. Secondly, we propose a chronic disease epidemiological model in which practice patterns are viewed as the exposure and outcomes of interest such as quality or cost are viewed as the disease. Sources of selection, information, confounding and temporal trend bias are identified and discussed. Summary The proposed methodological framework for outcomes research to evaluate practice guidelines reflects the selection, information and confounding biases inherent in its observational nature which must be accounted for in both the design and the analysis phases of any outcomes research study. PMID:11914163

  12. Assessment of the conclusion validity for empirical research studies published in the journal of speech, language, and hearing research 

    E-print Network

    Byrns, Glenda Elkins

    2009-05-15

    , and Hearing Research (JSLHR) published in 2004. This methodological research synthesis evaluated (a) the research designs used in the JSLHR studies, (b) information and rationale used to inform population validity assessment decisions, and (c) the extent...

  13. Portfolio evaluation of advanced coal technology : research, development, and demonstration

    E-print Network

    Naga-Jones, Ayaka

    2005-01-01

    This paper evaluates the advanced coal technology research, development and demonstration programs at the U.S. Department of Energy since the 1970s. The evaluation is conducted from a portfolio point of view and derives ...

  14. Playtest Enrollment Evaluation Supporting Microsoft User Research, Autumn 2011

    E-print Network

    Microsoft Playtest Enrollment Evaluation Supporting Microsoft User Research, Autumn 2011 Leo Ham was to evaluate and assess the usability and functionality of the Microsoft Playtest site. The purpose of the site

  15. Evaluating the School Library Media Center. Analysis Techniques and Research Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everhart, Nancy

    This book addresses two problems common to school library media specialists: the lack of time to conduct evaluations, and the lack of knowledge on how and what to evaluate in the school media center. The book contains research and evaluation techniques and studies that have been conducted in school library media centers. Many study results are…

  16. Priority setting and evaluation as tools for planning research strategy.

    PubMed

    Rantanen, J

    1992-01-01

    The growing role of research as a factor for socioeconomic development has also stimulated efforts for setting priorities and for evaluating research strategies. Priorities can be set for problems which are known for their consequences or their existing characteristics. The only way to ensure research on new problems is to allow more space for basic research aimed at revealing new data and at describing new phenomena. Evaluation methods for applied research are available, and they have been successfully used for making research units more effective and for improving the quality of the research in question. PMID:1514085

  17. PROJECT SELF-EVALUATION METHODOLOGY: THE HEALTHREATS PROJECT CASE STUDY

    E-print Network

    Bohanec, Marko

    PROJECT SELF-EVALUATION METHODOLOGY: THE HEALTHREATS PROJECT CASE STUDY Martin Znidarsic1 , Marko presents an approach to self-evaluation in collaborative research projects. The approach is taken from a case study of the project Healthreats, where it is used in practice. Aims and focuses of self

  18. Self-evaluation of the research programme of

    E-print Network

    Franssen, Michael

    programme ESoE 4 Commonly used acronyms AERA American Educational Research Association EARLI European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction EERA European Educational Research Association EUSelf-evaluation of the research programme of Eindhoven School of Education (ESoE) Eindhoven

  19. Designing and Implementing the Next Generation of Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons Learned from Case Studies in Five Illinois Districts. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Bradford R.; Cowhy, Jennifer; Stevens, W. David; Sporte, Susan E.

    2012-01-01

    In a very short period during the spring and summer of 2012, researchers at the University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research (CCSR) and the Illinois Education Research Council (IERC) collected data from respondents in five districts across Illinois to examine how school districts in the state approach designing and implementing new…

  20. Communicating Qualitative Research Study Designs to Research Ethics Review Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ells, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    Researchers using qualitative methodologies appear to be particularly prone to having their study designs called into question by research ethics or funding agency review committees. In this paper, the author considers the issue of communicating qualitative research study designs in the context of institutional research ethics review and offers…

  1. What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Chenhall

    2008-01-01

    Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

  2. The Case for Evaluation as a Type of Applied Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gay, L. R.

    The position of this paper is that evaluation is a type of research. This conclusion is based on philosophy of science concepts, the nature of scientific method, and evaluation literature. The argument is made that scientific method is one of several inquiry strategies, that the terms scientific method and research are synonymous, and that…

  3. Ethically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving the Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in

    E-print Network

    Streiffer, Robert

    Ethically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving the Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in Nonhuman PrimatesNonhuman Primates Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in Nonhuman PrimatesNonhuman Primates

  4. Research Summary West Midlands woodland and health pilot evaluation

    E-print Network

    levels for both men and women. A Health WIG was set up in 2003 and seven projects were funded, of whichResearch Summary West Midlands woodland and health pilot evaluation Increasingly, research, the production of leaflets, launch events and interpretation. An evaluation was undertaken by Interface IRM

  5. Research Performance Evaluation: Some Critical Thoughts on Standard Bibliometric Indicators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anninos, Loukas N.

    2014-01-01

    The bibliometric methodology is an established technique for research evaluation as it offers an objective determination and comparison of research performance. This paper aims to critically assess some standard bibliometric indicators commonly used (based on publication and citation counts) to evaluate academic units, and examine whether there…

  6. Making Team Science Better: Applying Improvement-Oriented Evaluation Principles to Evaluation of Cooperative Research Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Denis O.

    2008-01-01

    The rise of the research center has changed the landscape of U.S. research enter-prise. It has also created a number of evaluation challenges, particularly when considering strategically focused, multifaceted cooperative research centers (CRCs). The author argues that although recent CRC evaluation efforts have gone a long way toward meeting the…

  7. Case Study Research and Theory Building

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larry M. Dooley

    2002-01-01

    The problem and the solution. This chapter overviews case study research and proposes a manner in which case study research can contribute to theory building in applied disciplines. Although theory building using case study research has been discussed previously in the literature, there is no clarity as to how case study research can be used to build theory. Moreover, it

  8. Evaluative Research in Corrections: The Uncertain Road.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Stuart

    Martinson's provocative article in Public Interest (Spring, 1974), denying efficacy in prisoner reform, singled out one of the uncertainties in correctional research. In their totality, these uncertainties embrace not only rehabilitative programs but also the method, theory, and organization of correctional research. To comprehend the status and…

  9. Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

    This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

  10. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Guidance Documents

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This webpage is a collection of all the guidance documents created by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. The documents represent what the agency considers good practices. Documents are available on subjects from Compliance and Drug Safety to Current Good Manufacturing Practices and Advertising. The page organizes the documents by subject, allowing one to quickly navigate to the particular subject they are interested in. This site would be useful for anyone studying the pharmaceutical industry as well as for teachers in the discipline. Most documents are available in HTML or PDF, with some being optionally available in Microsoft Word format.

  11. 2014 Research & Study Abroad Program in Panama Recommendation Form and Guidelines

    E-print Network

    Alabama in Huntsville, University of

    2014 Research & Study Abroad Program in Panama Recommendation Form. ================================================================ Evaluator Guidelines The Panama Research and Study Abroad program of Panama working with researchers of the Water Center for the Humid Tropics

  12. Evaluation in Adult Literacy Research. Project ALERT. Phase II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ntiri, Daphne Williams, Ed.

    This document contains an evaluation handbook for adult literacy programs and feedback from/regarding the evaluation instruments developed during the project titled Adult Literacy and Evaluation Research Team (also known as Project ALERT), a two-phase project initiated by the Detroit Literacy Coalition (DLC) for the purpose of developing and…

  13. Collecting and Utilizing Evaluation Research for Public Good and on Behalf of African American Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Veronica G.; McKie, Brooke K.

    2006-01-01

    A study indicates that researchers entrusted with evaluating the educational outcomes of African American children must engage their practice for the public good and on behalf of these students. The Howard University Evaluation Training Institute is used as a guide to describe the steps for conducting quality evaluations, and to highlight the…

  14. Clinical and Research Evaluations of Sexual Dysfunctions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Derogatis

    2008-01-01

    Evaluations of the nature of an individual’s sexual functioning are done with relative frequency in today’s clinical healthcare environment, often prompted by sequelae of a medical disorder (e.g. diabetes, breast cancer), surgical procedure (e.g. bilateral oophorectomy), or prescribed medications (SSRI antidepressant, antihypertensive). In addition, an increasingly large number of evaluations of sexual functioning are done in association with clinical trials

  15. Approaches to Evaluating Teacher Effectiveness: A Research Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goe, Laura; Bell, Courtney; Little, Olivia

    2008-01-01

    This research synthesis examines how teacher effectiveness is currently measured. By evaluating the research on teacher effectiveness and the different instruments used to measure it, this research synthesis contributes to the discussion of appropriate rigor and relevance of measures for different purposes (i.e., formative vs. summative…

  16. Research Evaluation and the Assessment of Public Value

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molas-Gallart, Jordi

    2015-01-01

    Funding organisations are increasingly asking academics to show evidence of the economic and social value generated by their research. These requests have often been associated with the emergence of a so-called "new social contract for research" and are related to the implementation of new research evaluation systems. Although the…

  17. Career Opportunities in Research and Evaluation Related to Hearing Impaired Persons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mertens, Donna M.

    Sixty-nine employers of researchers and evaluators participated in a market research study conducted by the Department of Educational Foundations and Research at Gallaudet University. The sample included consulting firms, government agencies, professional associations, and other educational agencies in the greater Washington, D.C. area, as well as…

  18. Research on image scrambling degree evaluation method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Sen; Liao, Xiaofeng; Chen, Jinyu; Liu, Yijun; Wang, Xiao

    2005-12-01

    This paper discussed the evaluation problem of image scrambling degree (ISD). Inspired by the evaluation method of image texture characteristics, three new metrics for assessing objectively the ISD were proposed. The first method utilized the performance of energy concentration of Walsh transformation (WT), which took into account the properties that a good ISD measurement method should be contented. The second method used angular second moment (ASM) of image gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). The third method combined the entropy of GLCM with image texture characteristic. Experimental results show that the proposed metrics are effective to assess the ISD, which correlates well with subjective assessment. Considering the computational complexity, the first evaluation method based on WT is remarkably superior to the method based on ASM and GLCM in terms of the time cost.

  19. Training Evaluation: An Empirical Study in Kuwait.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Athari, Ahmad; Zairi, Mohamed

    2002-01-01

    A study of training evaluation activity and challenges in 77 Kuwaiti organizations found that most respondents evaluate their programs only occasionally through the use of questionnaires. Most use the Kilpatrick model for evaluation and the most common level of evaluation is reaction type. (Contains 24 references.) (JOW)

  20. Social Studies. MicroSIFT Courseware Evaluations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    This compilation of 11 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 3-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

  1. Understanding and evaluating historical sources in nursing history research.

    PubMed

    Wood, Pamela J

    2011-04-01

    All nurse researchers need to address, in the manner most appropriate to their research methodology, issues of quality related to their research material. This concern is not about the care needed in generating data, rather it relates to understanding and evaluating material that already exists. This article describes four historical sources relevant to the history of nursing in New Zealand and uses them to explain how nurse researchers can evaluate their research material. The dimensions of this evaluation are the provenance, purpose, context, veracity and usefulness of the historical sources. The article explains the questions that need to be addressed in each dimension of the evaluation. The different kinds of information available in the four historical sources are illustrated by references to individual nurses. PMID:21710912

  2. Total hydrocarbon analyzer evaluation study

    SciTech Connect

    Shamat, N. (EMA Services, Inc., St. Paul, MN (United States)); Crumpler, E. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)); Roddan, A. (Rosemount Analytical Division, La Habra, CA (United States))

    1991-10-01

    Measuring and controlling organic emissions from incineration processes has become a major environmental concern in recent years. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently proposed a regulation for sewage sludge incinerators under section 405(d) of the Clean Water Act that will require all sludge incinerators to monitor total hydrocarbon emissions (THCs) on a continuous basis. Such a requirement would be part of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination (NPDES) permits and site-specific THC limits would be established for facilities based on a risk assessment of organic emissions. Before EPA can finalize the proposed requirement, THC monitoring must be successfully conducted in a plant environment and the system required by any final regulation must be kept in operation so that facilities can comply with their permits. The Metropolitan Waste Control Commission (MWCC) in St. Paul, Minn., and Rosemount Analytical Division in La Habre, Calif., entered into a joint agreement with EPA to demonstrate a hot' THC monitoring system to detect THCs in stack gases. The objectives of the study are to determine the feasibility of THC monitoring of sludge incinerator emissions; evaluate the long term reliability, cost of operation, and consistency of a continuous THC monitoring system in an incinerator environment; and determine the correlation of THC stack concentration to incinerator and scrubber operating conditions, carbon monoxide concentration, and specific VOC emissions.

  3. The challenge of using survey research to design and evaluate a water quality project: A case study in Jackson County, Florida

    SciTech Connect

    Purvis, A.; Boggess, W.G.; Graham, W.D.; Holt, J.; Hewitt, T.D.

    1992-12-01

    The character of agriculture and of nonpoint pollution vary across regions. Under the national Water Quality Initiative, ninety grassroots pilot programs were established-opportunities to devise targeted local education and technical assistance schemes. Data collection to support design and evaluation of one project is described, illustrating challenges and opportunities in water policy programming.

  4. Evaluating AHRD Research Using a Feminist Research Framework.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierema, Laura L.; Cseh, Maria

    2003-01-01

    Academy of Human Resource Development proceedings from 1996-2000 (655 papers) were analyzed. Few papers met feminist research criteria: challenging traditional inquiry, focusing on diverse groups, considering asymmetrical power relations, using gender/diversity as a category, attending to language, and promoting social change. (Includes Invited…

  5. Women's Studies Research Center Where Research, Art, and Activism Converge

    E-print Network

    Fraden, Seth

    Sassen, Visiting Scholar Original artwork by Fran Forman, Resident Scholar #12;research Women's Studies ResearchIndiamayworrythattheirchildrenaredating,parentsinWestern countries worry about who their children are dating. In both cases

  6. Evaluation of Classified Employees. Research into Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Ronald

    2012-01-01

    Evaluation is an important tool to develop and retain skilled employees. It should be used to recognize employees that are performing well, to identify areas for growth and to provide employees with clear, explicit feedback about their performance. An agreed upon appraisal system lets employees know what is expected, what is recognized and…

  7. Training the next generation of clinical researchers: evaluation of a graduate podiatrist research internship in rheumatology

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Arthritis Research UK funded graduate internship scheme for podiatrists and to explore the experiences of interns and mentors. Methods Nine new graduates completed the internship programme (July 2006–June 2010); six interns and two mentors participated in this study. The study was conducted in three phases. Phase 1: quantitative survey of career and research outcomes for interns. Phase 2 and 3: qualitative asynchronous interviews through email to explore the experiences of interns and mentors. Interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) of coded transcripts identified recurring themes. Results Research outputs included ten peer reviewed publications with authorial contributions from interns, 23 conference abstract presentations and one subsequent ‘Jewel in the Crown’ award at the British Society for Rheumatology Conference. Career progression includes two National Institute for Health research (NIHR) PhD fellowships, two Arthritis Research UK PhD fellowships, one NIHR Master of Research fellowship and one specialist rheumatology clinical post. Two interns are members of NIHR and professional body committees. Seven important themes arose from the qualitative phases: perceptions of the internship pre-application; internship values; maximising personal and professional development; psychosocial components of the internship; the role of mentoring and networking; access to research career pathways; perceptions of future developments for the internship programme. The role of mentorship and the peer support network have had benefits that have persisted beyond the formal period of the scheme. Conclusions The internship model appears to have been perceived to have been valuable to the interns’ careers and may have contributed significantly to the broader building of capacity in clinical research in foot and ankle rheumatology. We believe the model has potential to be transferable across health disciplines and on national and international scales. PMID:23590884

  8. Evaluation -- Shanti: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosen, David J.; Mulcahy, Gene

    1975-01-01

    This newsletter comprises four sections: (1) the educational philosophy and objectives of Shanti, a public alternative school in Hartford, Connecticut; (2) Rosen's statements about the difficulties of finding an evaluation model for alternative schools and the implications of the methodology that he later used in evaluating the Shanti school in…

  9. ABRF-MARG RESEARCH STUDY: EVALUATION OF SMALL SAMPLE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING

    EPA Science Inventory

    Microarrays have had a significant impact on many areas of biology. However, there are still many fertile research areas that would benefit from microarray analysis but are limited by the amount of biological material that can be obtained (e.g. samples obtained by small biopsy, f...

  10. Evaluation of the National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program (IGERT): Follow-Up Study of IGERT Graduates. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Jennifer; Martinez, Alina; Dreier, John; Neishi, Kristen; Parsad, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    The National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) program supports students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields who participate in university-developed interdisciplinary graduate training experiences. Faculty members at each IGERT site develop a series of education…

  11. Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    community level to support local decision-making. Project 2: The management of long-term depression The aim to inform decisions about management of long-term depression. Prioritisation and design of future research will be a focus. Project 3: Innovations in technology Innovations in health may offer immediate benefits but often

  12. Evaluating Capacity Building for Policy Research Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Struyk, Raymond J.; Damon, Mawadda; Haddaway, Samuel R.

    2011-01-01

    The international community has identified a positive link between good governance and economic development. There is an increasing appreciation of the effective role that local policy research organizations (PROs) can play in providing evidence-based policy recommendations as the basis for sound legislation and in assessing the efficacy of…

  13. Ground motion input in seismic evaluation studies

    SciTech Connect

    Sewell, R.T.; Wu, S.C.

    1996-07-01

    This report documents research pertaining to conservatism and variability in seismic risk estimates. Specifically, it examines whether or not artificial motions produce unrealistic evaluation demands, i.e., demands significantly inconsistent with those expected from real earthquake motions. To study these issues, two types of artificial motions are considered: (a) motions with smooth response spectra, and (b) motions with realistic variations in spectral amplitude across vibration frequency. For both types of artificial motion, time histories are generated to match target spectral shapes. For comparison, empirical motions representative of those that might result from strong earthquakes in the Eastern U.S. are also considered. The study findings suggest that artificial motions resulting from typical simulation approaches (aimed at matching a given target spectrum) are generally adequate and appropriate in representing the peak-response demands that may be induced in linear structures and equipment responding to real earthquake motions. Also, given similar input Fourier energies at high-frequencies, levels of input Fourier energy at low frequencies observed for artificial motions are substantially similar to those levels noted in real earthquake motions. In addition, the study reveals specific problems resulting from the application of Western U.S. type motions for seismic evaluation of Eastern U.S. nuclear power plants.

  14. Geologic evaluation: Peake Energy, Inc. , No. 753 GRI comprehensive study well No. 5, Jackson County, West Virginia. Topical research report, June 1988-December 1990

    SciTech Connect

    Falleur, J.P.; Lowry, P.H.; Brown, R.W.; Kubik, W.T.

    1991-11-01

    Devonian shale gas production from individual wells in the CSW5 research area varies according to the disposition of natural fractures intersected by the wellbore. The degree of thermal maturity of the black shales and amount of organic carbon contained in them provide the gas generating capacity necessary to sustain production. Northwest-to-southeast and northeast-to-southwest oriented, partially mineralized natural fractures seem to provide the permeable pathways necessary for the best gas production. Some of these fractures appear to have vertical limitations specifically within the oldest black shale bed of the Lower Huron Member, which is also the primary shale gas-producing interval in the research area. The fracture network probably was enhanced by flexure of the black shales across deep-seated basement faults, that form the Evans Flexure, and by possible overpressuring during hydrocarbon generation. Future shale wells should be located in areas with the highest composite of organic carbon content and thermal maturity.

  15. A Study on Research Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yan, Limei

    2010-01-01

    Starting with the significance and the conduction of research teaching, this paper further puts forward and analyzes several patterns of research teaching, discusses the particular role of teachers in these patterns and proposes some strategies as well as suggestions.

  16. 9 CFR 104.4 - Products for research and evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.4 Products for research and evaluation. (a) An application for...

  17. Research evaluation of photovoltaic power systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Witwer, J. G.; Demeo, E. A.; Taylor, R. W.

    1984-07-01

    The results of an EPRI assessment of photovoltaic technologies suitable for utility bulk power production are summarized. The cost goals are $0.15 U.S./kWh, i.e., midway between oil and coal fired plant power. Each type of solar cell was analyzed in terms of the probability of meeting target costs, efficiencies and reliability. Attention was given to GaAs concentrator arrays, tandem amorphous Si, crystalline Si sheets, polycrystalline thin films and novel concepts. The most promising forms identified as deserving more aggressive research were high concentration arrays, tandem amorphous Si arrays and crystalline Si sheet modules.

  18. Research plan for pilot studies of the biodiversity research consortium

    SciTech Connect

    Kiester, A.R.; White, D.; Preston, E.M.; Master, L.L.; Loveland, T.R.

    1993-06-03

    This report presents a research plan for an assessment of risks to biodiversity. The plan describes the theoretical basis of the research approach and the data and methods to be used in the assessment. Initial research activities are formulated as a set of pilot studies that will examine nine research questions concerning the assumptions, data, and methods of the approach. A collection of government, academic, and nongovernmental organizations, called the Biodiversity Research Consortium, has developed this research approach and prepared the plan. Authors of the plan represent current members of the Consortium.

  19. Evaluating a collaborative IT based research and development project.

    PubMed

    Khan, Zaheer; Ludlow, David; Caceres, Santiago

    2013-10-01

    In common with all projects, evaluating an Information Technology (IT) based research and development project is necessary in order to discover whether or not the outcomes of the project are successful. However, evaluating large-scale collaborative projects is especially difficult as: (i) stakeholders from different countries are involved who, almost inevitably, have diverse technological and/or application domain backgrounds and objectives; (ii) multiple and sometimes conflicting application specific and user-defined requirements exist; and (iii) multiple and often conflicting technological research and development objectives are apparent. In this paper, we share our experiences based on the large-scale integrated research project - The HUMBOLDT project - with project duration of 54 months, involving contributions from 27 partner organisations, plus 4 sub-contractors from 14 different European countries. In the HUMBOLDT project, a specific evaluation methodology was defined and utilised for the user evaluation of the project outcomes. The user evaluation performed on the HUMBOLDT Framework and its associated nine application scenarios from various application domains, resulted in not only an evaluation of the integrated project, but also revealed the benefits and disadvantages of the evaluation methodology. This paper presents the evaluation methodology, discusses in detail the process of applying it to the HUMBOLDT project and provides an in-depth analysis of the results, which can be usefully applied to other collaborative research projects in a variety of domains. PMID:23728205

  20. Evaluation in Adult Literacy Research. Project ALERT. [Phase I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ntiri, Daphne Williams, Ed.

    The Adult Literacy and Evaluation Research Team (also known as Project ALERT) was a project conducted by the Detroit Literacy Coalition (DLC) at Wayne State University in 1993-1994 to develop and pilot a user-friendly program model for evaluating literacy operations of community-based organizations throughout Michigan under the provisions of…

  1. Exploring Action Research as an Approach to Interactive (Participatory) Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaudary, Imran Anjum; Imran, Shahida

    2012-01-01

    This investigation seeks to understand "action research" as an approach to "interactive form of evaluation". The first half of the investigation illuminates the approach with the help of the selective body of literature and the second half draws attention to its application in the field with the help of an authentic evaluation plan. Action…

  2. An Evaluation Research Model for System-Wide Textbook Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talmage, Harriet; Walberg, Herbert T.

    One component of an evaluation research model for system-wide selection of curriculum materials is reported: implementation of an evaluation design for obtaining data that permits professional and lay persons to base curriculum materials decisions on a "best fit" principle. The design includes teacher characteristics, learning environment…

  3. Research Report The Evaluation of Raw Milk As A

    E-print Network

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    0 Research Report The Evaluation of Raw Milk As A Pasture Biostimulant 2012 ­ 2013 Support Extension #12;1 The Evaluation of Raw Milk as a Pasture Biostimulant By Bridgett Jamison Hilshey, Graduate examples. Raw cow milk has been suggested as an effective pasture biostimulant. Raw milk has been used

  4. Fenestration System Performance Research, Testing, and Evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Jim Benney

    2009-11-30

    The US DOE was and is instrumental to NFRC's beginning and its continued success. The 2005 to 2009 funding enables NFRC to continue expanding and create new, improved ratings procedures. Research funded by the US DOE enables increased fenestration energy rating accuracy. International harmonization efforts supported by the US DOE allow the US to be the global leader in fenestration energy ratings. Many other governments are working with the NFRC to share its experience and knowledge toward development of their own national fenestration rating process similar to the NFRC's. The broad and diverse membership composition of NFRC allows anyone with a fenestration interest to come forward with an idea or improvement to the entire fenestration community for consideration. The NFRC looks forward to the next several years of growth while remaining the nation's resource for fair, accurate, and credible fenestration product energy ratings. NFRC continues to improve its rating system by considering new research, methodologies, and expanding to include new fenestration products. Currently, NFRC is working towards attachment energy ratings. Attachments are blinds, shades, awnings, and overhangs. Attachments may enable a building to achieve significant energy savings. An NFRC rating will enable fair competition, a basis for code references, and a new ENERGY STAR product category. NFRC also is developing rating methods to consider non specular glazing such as fritted glass. Commercial applications frequently use fritted glazing, but no rating method exists. NFRC is testing new software that may enable this new rating and contribute further to energy conservation. Around the world, many nations are seeking new energy conservation methods and NFRC is poised to harmonize its rating system assisting these nations to better manage and conserve energy in buildings by using NFRC rated and labeled fenestration products. As this report has shown, much more work needs to be done to continues research to improve existing ratings and develop new ones. NFRC needs to continue the work it has begun in several nations to implement the NFRC rating system that has been introduced. Many nations are eager to accept the expertise NFRC can offer to achieve energy conservation goals. NFRC looks forward to a continues partnership with the US Department of Energy to cooperatively achieve both.

  5. The next Stages in Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downer, Martin C.; Blinkhorn, Anthony S.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: (1) to provide a commentary on a conference held at the University of Manchester entitled Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance; (2) to synthesize from the proceedings of the meeting suggestions for future research and public health surveillance. Method: The main points and problematic issues raised by the speakers…

  6. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2002-2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schaefer, William D., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document consists of the first 10 articles of volume 8 of the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" published in 2002-2003: (1) "Using Electronic Surveys: Advice from Survey Professionals" (David M. Shannon, Todd E. Johnson, Shelby Searcy, and Alan Lott); (2) "Four Assumptions of Multiple Regression That Researchers

  7. Fall 2003 Harvard College Alcohol Study Sanction Thematic Evaluations Harvard Study Review Sanction Evaluation Fall 2003

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Fall 2003 Harvard College Alcohol Study Sanction Thematic Evaluations Harvard Study Review Sanction requirements. 1 41 0 0 42 Sanctions Evaluated Responses #12;Fall 2003 Harvard College Alcohol Study Sanction

  8. Perceptions of Preparedness of NIU Students for On-Campus Interviewing and the Factors Identified as Significant in Their Preparation. An Evaluative Research Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mosser, John W.

    Preparation for employment beyond the academic training colleges provide is an area of essential skills most students need to develop. This study sought to determine student perceptions of the factors that were significant in their preparation for on-campus interviews and of the helpfulness of the Northern Illinois University's Career Planning and…

  9. Digital libraries and repositories in India: an evaluative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rekha Mittal; G. Mahesh

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital libraries and repositories were explored to study their collections.

  10. An Evaluation of Student Nurses' Experiences of Being a Researcher in a Mental Health Research Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Paul D.; Lado, Amode; Northway, Ruth; Bennett, Glynys; Williams, Robert; Moseley, Lawrence; Mead, Donna

    2002-01-01

    An evaluation of 12 mental health nursing students' participation in research showed that all felt reasonably or completely prepared by a research training workshop and handbook; 75% believed that their research experience greatly helped their understanding of the process, ethical issues, and knowledge of the population and increased their…

  11. Managing Tensions between Evaluation and Research: Illustrative Cases of Developmental Evaluation in the Context of Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rey, Lynda; Tremblay, Marie-Claude; Brousselle, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    Developmental evaluation (DE), essentially conceptualized by Patton over the past 30 years, is a promising evaluative approach intended to support social innovation and the deployment of complex interventions. Its use is often justified by the complex nature of the interventions being evaluated and the need to produce useful results in real time.…

  12. The History of Women in Botany and Science at the Herbarium Library: Evaluation for Historical Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wicker, Sandra J.

    Evaluating library collections by comparing them to bibliographies has a long history in research libraries. This evaluative study examined all 107 titles within the "Women in Botany" section of the Herbarium Library at The Ohio State University (OSU). The Herbarium is not part of the OSU Library system, but functions as a satellite to the…

  13. An Action Research Approach to Standardizing the Evaluation of Diagnostic Psychomotor Skills

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David P. Waalen; Judith K. Waalen; Franklin J. Medio

    2000-01-01

    The effective evaluation of performance diagnostic skills is essential to determine the clinical competency of students in the health care professions. This study describes an iterative, participatory approach to the development of standardized methods for the evaluation of students' diagnostic psychomotor skills. An action research design was utilized to foster a collaborative appraisal of current performance assessment practices in the

  14. The Camera As An Evaluation and Research Instrument: Snapshots of a Science Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wachtman, Edward L.

    The use of photography as an evaluation and research tool is discussed, with an emphasis on an evaluative study of the ESSENCE environmental science curriculum project. The camera was used in site-visits in an attempt to portray the workings of the project and to convey a meaningful understanding of the curriculum as it was actually used in the…

  15. Study Design and Baseline Characteristics of the Study to Evaluate Carotid Ultrasound Changes in Patients Treated with Ramipril and Vitamin E: SECURE * * This study was supported by Research Grant Ul12363 from the Medicine Research Council of Canada, Ottawa; and by Hoechst Marion Roussel, Laval, Canada, Inc

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. M Lonn; S Yusuf; C. I Doris; M. J Sabine; V Dzavik; K Hutchison; W. A Riley; J Tucker; J Pogue; W Taylor

    1996-01-01

    Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity in most developed countries. Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and vitamin E therapy may retard the atherosclerotic process; however, definitive proof in humans is lacking. The Study to Evaluate Carotid Ultrasound Changes in Patients Treated with Ramipril and Vitamin E (SECURE) is designed to assess

  16. Women's Studies Collections: A Checklist Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, Brooke A.

    2009-01-01

    A checklist evaluation on thirty-seven Women's Studies programs conducted using the individual institutions' online public access catalogs (OPACs) is presented. Although Women's Studies collections are very difficult to build, an evaluation of existing programs shows that collections, for the most part, have managed substantial coverage of the…

  17. Experimental study and evaluation of radioprotective drugs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, D. E.; Thomson, J. F.

    1968-01-01

    Experimental study evaluates radioprotective drugs administered before exposure either orally or intravenously. Specifically studied are the sources of radiation, choice of radiation dose, choice of animals, administration of drugs, the toxicity of protective agents and types of protective drug.

  18. 75 FR 34452 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Data Standards Plan; Availability for Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-17

    ...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). The draft plan...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...submissions, and a robust computational infrastructure would...

  19. Synthetic vision display evaluation studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Regal, David M.; Whittington, David H.

    1994-01-01

    The goal of this research was to help us understand the display requirements for a synthetic vision system for the High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT). Four experiments were conducted to examine the effects of different levels of perceptual cue complexity in displays used by pilots in a flare and landing task. Increased levels of texture mapping of terrain and runway produced mixed results, including harder but shorter landings and a lower flare initiation altitude. Under higher workload conditions, increased texture resulted in an improvement in performance. An increase in familiar size cues did not result in improved performance. Only a small difference was found between displays using two patterns of high resolution texture mapping. The effects of increased perceptual cue complexity on performance was not as strong as would be predicted from the pilot's subjective reports or from related literature. A description of the role of a synthetic vision system in the High Speed Civil Transport is provide along with a literature review covering applied research related to perceptual cue usage in aircraft displays.

  20. Second Global Symposium on Health Systems Research: a conference impact evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Milko, Emily; Wu, Diane; Neves, Justin; Neubecker, Alexander Wolfgang; Lavis, John; Ranson, Michael Kent

    2015-01-01

    Evaluation researchers have confirmed the importance of conference evaluation, but there remains little research on the topic, perhaps in part because evaluation methodology related to conference impact is underdeveloped. We conducted a study evaluating a 4-day long health conference, the Second Global Symposium on Health Systems Research (HSR), which took place in Beijing in November 2012. Using a conference evaluation framework and a mixed-methods approach that involved in-conference surveys, in-conference interviews and 7-month post-conference interviews, we evaluated the impact of the Symposium on attendees’ work and the field of health systems research. The three major impacts on participants’ work were new knowledge, new skills and new networks, and many participants were able to provide examples of how obtaining new knowledge, skills or collaborations had changed the way they conduct their work. Participants noted that the Symposium influenced the field of HSR only in so far as it influenced the capacity of stakeholders, but did not lead to any high level agenda or policy changes, perhaps due to the insufficient length of time (7 months) between the Symposium and post-conference follow-up. This study provides an illustration of a framework useful for conference organizers in the evaluation of future conferences, and of a unique methodology for evaluation researchers. PMID:24920216

  1. Second Global Symposium on Health Systems Research: a conference impact evaluation.

    PubMed

    Milko, Emily; Wu, Diane; Neves, Justin; Neubecker, Alexander Wolfgang; Lavis, John; Ranson, Michael Kent

    2015-06-01

    Evaluation researchers have confirmed the importance of conference evaluation, but there remains little research on the topic, perhaps in part because evaluation methodology related to conference impact is underdeveloped. We conducted a study evaluating a 4-day long health conference, the Second Global Symposium on Health Systems Research (HSR), which took place in Beijing in November 2012. Using a conference evaluation framework and a mixed-methods approach that involved in-conference surveys, in-conference interviews and 7-month post-conference interviews, we evaluated the impact of the Symposium on attendees' work and the field of health systems research. The three major impacts on participants' work were new knowledge, new skills and new networks, and many participants were able to provide examples of how obtaining new knowledge, skills or collaborations had changed the way they conduct their work. Participants noted that the Symposium influenced the field of HSR only in so far as it influenced the capacity of stakeholders, but did not lead to any high level agenda or policy changes, perhaps due to the insufficient length of time (7 months) between the Symposium and post-conference follow-up. This study provides an illustration of a framework useful for conference organizers in the evaluation of future conferences, and of a unique methodology for evaluation researchers. PMID:24920216

  2. Integrated circuit tester evaluation study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, P.

    1980-03-01

    The primary AIMD test requirements for a small, inexpensive, commercially available, digital IC tester could be met by only one tester. This was the Automatic Fault Isolation Tester (AFIT) model 2050 manufactured by Testline Co. Many other testers were available that had the basic testing capability but were outside the price constraints or that were edge board testers. Bed-of-nails testers were not considered for AIMD use. The AFIT was submitted for technical and User Evaluations and demonstrated that it could detect faulty IC's on PC boards not coated with a conformal moisture-proofing compound. This fault detection ability was demonstrated for both the in-circuit and out-of-circuit modes of operation.

  3. A Course Model for Teaching Research Evaluation in Colleges of Pharmacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Draugalis, JoLaine R.; Slack, Marion K.

    1992-01-01

    A University of Arizona undergraduate pharmacy course designed to develop student skills in evaluation of research has five parts: introduction to the scientific method; statistical techniques/data analysis review; research design; fundamentals of clinical studies; and practical applications. Prerequisites include biostatistics and drug…

  4. QuRiNet: A Wide-Area Wireless Mesh Testbed for Research and Experimental Evaluations

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    for the wireless channel. ORBITLab took a different approach to studying wireless networks by building an indoorQuRiNet: A Wide-Area Wireless Mesh Testbed for Research and Experimental Evaluations Daniel Wu:{danwu,pmohapatra}@ucdavis.edu Abstract--Research in wireless mesh networks have been growing in recent years. Many testbeds have been

  5. Economic Evaluation of Continuing Care Interventions in the Treatment of Substance Abuse: Recommendations for Future Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popovici, Ioana; French, Michael T.; McKay, James R.

    2008-01-01

    The chronic and relapsing nature of substance abuse points to the need for continuing care after a primary phase of treatment. This article reviews the economic studies of continuing care, discusses research gaps, highlights some of the challenges of conducting rigorous economic evaluations of continuing care, and offers research guidelines and…

  6. 22nd Annual Transportation Research Conference Minnesota Highway Cost Allocation Study

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    22nd Annual Transportation Research Conference Minnesota Highway Cost Allocation Study Hao-Wei Chen Outline · Minnesota Highway Cost Allocation Tool (MHCAT) · HCA results Highway Cost Allocation (HCA) Study Transportation Research Conference Highway Taxes Evaluation · Key Concepts ­ Tax Revenue

  7. Nonexperimental Designs and Program Evaluation * * The evaluation study described in this article was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The authors are solely responsible for the research results and the views expressed in this article

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Eliason Kisker; Randall S. Brown

    1997-01-01

    Sometimes implementing evaluation designs that involve random assignment or strong nonrandomized comparison group designs is not feasible. When this is the case, several other types of comparisons may offer credible, though not conclusive, evidence on program effects. This article describes three approaches—comparisons of the outcomes of the treatment group with a national sample, comparisons of the outcomes of program participants

  8. Evaluating the generality of findings in analogue therapy research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan E. Kazdin

    1978-01-01

    Analog research in psychotherapy and behavior therapy has proliferated in recent years. The major source of controversy about the value of analog studies is their external validity, i.e., the extent to which the results can be generalized to the clinical situation. Much of the controversy stems from conceptualizing therapy investigations discretely as either analog or clinical research. All treatment research,

  9. Case Studies for Teacher Evaluation: A Study of Effective Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Arthur E.; And Others

    This document presents the four case studies that constituted the major sources for "Teacher Evaluation: A Study of Effective Practices" by the same authors. The study was undertaken to find teacher evaluation processes that produce information useful to school districts in helping teachers improve or in making personnel decisions. The four school…

  10. Evaluation of XV-15 tilt rotor aircraft for flying qualities research application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Radford, R. C.; Schelhorn, A. E.; Siracuse, R. J.; Till, R. D.; Wasserman, R.

    1976-01-01

    The results of a design review study and evaluation of the XV-15 Tilt Rotor Research Aircraft for flying qualities research application are presented. The objectives of the program were to determine the capability of the XV-15 aircraft and the V/STOLAND system as a safe, inflight facility to provide meaningful research data on flying qualities, flight control systems, and information display systems.

  11. Research studies with the International Ultraviolet Explorer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    The IUE research studies comprises 118 separate research programs involving observations, data analysis, and research conducted of the IUE satellite and the NASA Astrophysics Data Program. Herein are presented 92 programs. For each program there is a title, program ID, name of the investigator, statement of work, summary of results, and list of publications.

  12. Conceptions of Research: A phenomenographic study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angela Brew

    2001-01-01

    This article reports on an investigation into the variation in how research is experienced by established senior researchers. It provides a new, discipline-neutral, non-technical framework for interpreting how academics are responding to the challenges of the changing context of higher education. The study identié ed four qualitatively different ways in which research is understood. These are differentiated according to whether

  13. Research study or quality improvement project?

    PubMed

    Arndt, Jane V; Netsch, Debra S

    2012-01-01

    Understanding whether a project is a research study or a QI project is important from both clinical and regulatory perspectives. Both types of activities make useful contributions but have distinct approaches, procedures, and outcomes. Novice researchers or QI participants are encouraged to seek guidance through mentorship with an experienced researcher or a QI project leader. PMID:22772716

  14. EVALUATIVE STUDY OF WEB BASED PERSONAL HEALTH RECORD SYSTEM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Khin Than Win; Goran Selakovic

    This paper explores the importance of personal health records in health care. The research will identify and give an overview of personal health records available online. Authors have conducted evaluative study of selected web based personal health record systems to analyse the current status of personal health record systems available in healthcare industry.

  15. Digital Libraries and Repositories in India: An Evaluative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital…

  16. Evaluation Design Project: School District Organization Study. Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bank, Adrianne; Williams, Richard C.

    A three-year research project aims to describe and analyze how school district management of educational testing and evaluation can better link these activities to instructional improvement, according to this first annual report. After chronicling the first year's activities, the authors discuss their use of case studies, interviews, and…

  17. Teacher Evaluation: A Study of Effective Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Arthur E.; And Others

    A preliminary survey of 32 school districts identified as having highly developed teacher evaluation systems was followed by the selection of 4 case study districts (Salt Lake City, Utah; Lake Washington, Washington; Greenwich, Connecticut; and Toledo, Ohio) representing diverse teacher evaluation processes and organizational environments. Common…

  18. Research study of pressure instrumentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoogenboom, L.; Hull-Allen, G.

    1984-01-01

    To obtain a more vibration resistant pressure sensor for use on the Space Shuttle Main Engine, a proximity probe based, diaphragm type pressure sensor breadboard was developed. A fiber optic proximity probe was selected as the sensor. In combination with existing electronics, a thermal stability evaluation of the entire probe system was made. Based upon the results, a breadboard design of the pressure sensor and electronics was made and fabricated. A brief series of functional experiments was made with the breadboard to calibrate, thermally compensate, and linearize its response. In these experiments, the performance obtained in the temperature range of -320 F (liquid N2) to +200 F was comparable to that of the strain gage based sensor presently in use on the engine. In tests at NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), after some time at or near liquid nitrogen temperatures, the sensor output varied over the entire output range. These large spurious signals were attributed to condensation of air in the sensing gap. In the next phase of development of this sensor, an evaluation of fabrication techniques toward greater thermal and mechanical stability of the fiber probe assembly must be made. In addition to this, a positive optics to metal seal must be developed to withstand the pressure that would result from a diaphragm failure.

  19. Evaluating Conflicts of Interest in Research Presented in CME Venues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Nancy L.; Galliher, James M.; Spano, Mindy S.; Main, Deborah S.; Brannigan, Michael; Pace, Wilson D.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: There is much in the literature regarding the potential for commercial bias in clinical research and in continuing medical education (CME), but no studies were found regarding the potential for bias in reporting original research in CME venues. This pilot study investigated the presence of perceived bias in oral and print content of…

  20. Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System

    E-print Network

    Butler, Matthew J.

    Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System Backpack Transmitter for Wild Turkey inac- curate due to triangulation error. However, new technology, such as Global Positioning Systems telemetric methods. ß 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS Global Positioning System, habitat selection

  1. A TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH AND EVALUATION

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Thomas T.H.

    2014-01-01

    An integrated perspective consists of macro- and micro-level approaches to health policy research and evaluation is presented. Analytical strategies are suggested for policy analysis, targeting on health disparities at individual and population levels. This systems approach enables investigators to view how scientific public policy analysis can be implemented to assess policy impacts. In this special issue, five papers are introduced. PMID:25419221

  2. Design and Evaluation in Visualization Research Panel Organizer

    E-print Network

    Laidlaw, David

    ) a compelling visual presentation on one or two data sets, 2) a comparison of computational efficiency for large-scale exploratory visualization. I will conclude by talking about some of the limitations that weDesign and Evaluation in Visualization Research Panel Organizer: Donald House, Texas A&M University

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility

    E-print Network

    Latch, Emily K.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility as a source: the last extant lake sturgeon population in the Ohio River drainage. The White River population exhibited slightly lower levels of genetic diversity than other lake sturgeon populations. However, the population

  4. An Evaluation of the Strategic Highway Research Project Packing Handbook

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth P. Cox; Charles F. Scholer; Menashi D. Cohen

    1994-01-01

    The objective of this research is to evaluate the use of the November 8, 1991 SHRP C-206 report entitled, “Packing Handbook – A Guide to the Optimal Gradation of Concrete Aggregates”. The purpose of the Packing Handbook is to determine the optimal combination of fine and coarse aggregates for concrete from available aggregate sources. Through the use of tables provided

  5. Results of a Research Evaluating Quality of Computer Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Záhorec, Ján; Hašková, Alena; Munk, Michal

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the results of an international research on a comparative assessment of the current status of computer science education at the secondary level (ISCED 3A) in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Belgium. Evaluation was carried out based on 14 specific factors gauging the students' point of view. The authors present qualitative…

  6. Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project: Cross-site evaluation method

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD) project links public health and primary care interventions in three projects described in detail in accompanying articles in this issue of Childhood Obesity. This article describes a comprehensive evaluation plan to determine the extent to which th...

  7. How Are Social Studies Curriculum Materials Evaluated?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milburn, G.

    1977-01-01

    This article describes and compares two principal modes of evaluating social studies curricula: the Curriculum Materials Analysis System (CMAS) developed by the Social Science Education Consortium and a system developed by Elizabeth Vallance. (Author/RM)

  8. Communication Research and the Study of Surveillance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kelly Gates; Shoshana Magnet

    2007-01-01

    This paper outlines some of the productive points of intersection between communications research and the study of surveillance. It highlights some of the contributions that the field of communications has made to the emerging interdisciplinary field of surveillance studies, and suggests some possible lines of research in the areas of consumer surveillance and interactive media, police communications and surveillance, closed-circuit

  9. The School of Global Studies Research Degrees

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Research Centre for Global Health Policy Centre for Global Political Economy Sussex Climate Change Network International Relations International Development Human Rights Migration Studies We also support the followingThe School of Global Studies Research Degrees Information for applicants 2014 #12;- 2 - Welcome

  10. Lesson Study for Professional Development and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Robyn; Stacey, Kaye

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we demonstrate that "lesson study" may be adapted from its primary use as a professional development strategy for use as a research strategy, especially to identify principles of good lesson design. We report on a project undertaken in two Australian secondary schools where lesson study research was used to investigate the design of…

  11. Case Study Research in School Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kratochwill, Thomas R.

    1985-01-01

    Case study investigation refers to the relatively uncontrolled and subjectively described study of a single case. Several different types of case studies are reviewed including nontherapeutic, assessment, and therapeutic/intervention. Suggestions for improving case study investigations and recommendations for future case study research in school…

  12. Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23885955

  13. The Custody Evaluation Handbook: Research-Based Solutions and Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bricklin, Barry

    Three of the most challenging problems in the custody evaluation field follow from: (1) the difficulties involved in adapting data derived from group studies or traditional tests into a form for individual cases; (2) the absence of clear and compelling guidelines to aggregate the information collected in a comprehensive evaluation; and (3) the…

  14. DESIGN ISSUES FOR EVALUATING SEEDLING EXPOSURE STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Tree seedling studies, covering a wide range of experimental conditions in pollutant treatment, species, facilities, and exposure regimes, have become commonplace in forestry research for assessing the actual and potential environmental effects of air pollutants on forest ecosyst...

  15. Addressing efficiency: economic evaluation and the agenda for CAM researchers.

    PubMed

    Andrews, Gavin J

    2005-11-01

    Considerations of efficiency are increasingly part of the broad agenda for evidence-based practice in conventional medicine. The findings of applied economic evaluations are often combined with other forms of evidence to assist clinical and wider resource decisions. It follows that as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) strives for further integration into conventional health services, it might also be subjected to such scrutiny. In preparation for this, this paper provides a basic yet critical introduction to applied economic evaluation; the types of techniques used, their broad strengths and weaknesses, related ethical and moral debate and, in particular, specific issues concerning their application to CAM. Readers will decide for themselves whether they might be supportive of, or opposed to, economic evaluation and under what circumstances. Nevertheless, a wide-ranging agenda for research on economic evaluation and CAM is presented and some basic methodological and design issues--including place specificities and sensitivities--are highlighted. PMID:16290896

  16. Applying DEA Technique to Library Evaluation in Academic Research Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shim, Wonsik

    2003-01-01

    This study applied an analytical technique called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to calculate the relative technical efficiency of 95 academic research libraries, all members of the Association of Research Libraries. DEA, with the proper model of library inputs and outputs, can reveal best practices in the peer groups, as well as the technical…

  17. 45 CFR 690.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROTECTION OF...123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...subjects (whether or not the research was subject to federal...

  18. 45 CFR 690.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROTECTION OF...123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...subjects (whether or not the research was subject to federal...

  19. Oasis Connections: Results from an Evaluation Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czaja, Sara J.; Lee, Chin Chin; Branham, Janice; Remis, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based basic computer and Internet training program designed for older adults, provide recommendations for program refinement, and gather preliminary information on program sustainability. Design and Methods: The program was developed by the OASIS Institute, a nonprofit…

  20. Evolutionary Evaluation: implications for evaluators, researchers, practitioners, funders and the evidence-based program mandate.

    PubMed

    Urban, Jennifer Brown; Hargraves, Monica; Trochim, William M

    2014-08-01

    Evolutionary theory, developmental systems theory, and evolutionary epistemology provide deep theoretical foundations for understanding programs, their development over time, and the role of evaluation. This paper relates core concepts from these powerful bodies of theory to program evaluation. Evolutionary Evaluation is operationalized in terms of program and evaluation evolutionary phases, which are in turn aligned with multiple types of validity. The model of Evolutionary Evaluation incorporates Chen's conceptualization of bottom-up versus top-down program development. The resulting framework has important implications for many program management and evaluation issues. The paper illustrates how an Evolutionary Evaluation perspective can illuminate important controversies in evaluation using the example of the appropriate role of randomized controlled trials that encourages a rethinking of "evidence-based programs". From an Evolutionary Evaluation perspective, prevailing interpretations of rigor and mandates for evidence-based programs pose significant challenges to program evolution. This perspective also illuminates the consequences of misalignment between program and evaluation phases; the importance of supporting both researcher-derived and practitioner-derived programs; and the need for variation and evolutionary phase diversity within portfolios of programs. PMID:24780281

  1. Migration and Development Research Scoping Study

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Migration and Development Research Scoping Study November 2008 NSCE International Thomas Lacroix International Development, the consortium members of GSDRC or DFID. #12;1 MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH.................................................................................1 2. IMPACTS OF MIGRATION ON DEVELOPMENT ..............................2 2.1. Remittances: flows

  2. Connecting Practitioners and Researchers: An Evaluation of NCSALL's Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network. NCSALL Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Christine; Bingman, Mary Beth; Hofer, Judy; Medina, Patsy

    The Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network (PDRN), a multi-year research and development effort, tested an innovative method of connecting research and practice. Included in the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy 1995 proposal, it began with an advisory group meeting in 1996. In 1997, South- and Northeast regions…

  3. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research: Human Drug Advisory Committees

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The FDA has just announced a new Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Website: Human Drug Advisory Committees (the CDER was last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). Both sites should be useful to health care professionals. The site overviews FDA advisory committees' discussions about drugs submitted for approval (including selected transcripts), and supplies briefing documents, notice of upcoming committee meetings, and information on nominating members to advisory committees.

  4. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research: Drug Shortages

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The FDA has just announced a new Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Website: Drug Shortages (the CDER was last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). Both sites should be useful to health care professionals. The first features a list of drugs that are in short supply as well as reasons why they are scarce and advice on how to obtain them.

  5. Evaluation of personal health record systems through the lenses of EC research projects.

    PubMed

    Genitsaridi, Irini; Kondylakis, Haridimos; Koumakis, Lefteris; Marias, Kostas; Tsiknakis, Manolis

    2015-04-01

    Personal health record (PHR) systems are a rapidly expanding area in the field of health information technology which motivates an ongoing research towards their evaluation in several different aspects. In this direction, we present a systematic review of the currently available PHR systems. Initially, we define a clear and concise set of requirements for efficient PHR systems which is based on real-world implementation experiences of several European research projects and also on established and widely used formal standards. Subsequently, these requirements are used to perform a systematic evaluation of existing PHR system implementations. Our evaluation study provides a thorough requirement analysis and an insight on the current status of personal health record systems. The results of the present work can therefore be used as a basis for future evaluation studies which should be conducted periodically as technology evolves and requirements are revised. PMID:24315661

  6. An evaluation approach for research project pilot technological applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marcelino-Jesus, Elsa; Sarraipa, Joao; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

    2013-10-01

    In a world increasingly more competitive and in a constantly development and growth it's important that companies have economic tools, like frameworks to help them to evaluate and validate the technology development to better fits in each company particular needs. The paper presents an evaluation approach for research project pilot applications to stimulate its implementation and deployment, increasing its adequacy and acceptance to their stakeholders and consequently providing new business profit and opportunities. Authors used the DECIDE evaluation framework as a major guide to this approach, which was tested in the iSURF project to support the implementation of an interoperability service utility for collaborative supply chain planning across multiple domains supported by RFID devices.

  7. Political Socialization Research and Canadian Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomkins, George S.

    1977-01-01

    Presents a review of the burgeoning field of Canadian political socialization research as it applies to children and youth, and considers some implications of recent findings for the Canadian studies curriculum. (Editor)

  8. Studies in Teaching: 2008 Research Digest

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    Proceedings of Annual Research Forum. 34 studies. Cultural Awareness in Secondary Spanish (Amy Allen), Writing in Mathematics (Lindsey L. Bakewell), Homework: Assignment Methods and Student Engagement (Lia Beresford), Current Events and Social Studies (Jennie Marie Biser), Authentic Assessments in Social Studies (Carl Boland), Assessment in High…

  9. Beginning Library Research on African American Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This research site provides a reference guide on the historical and contemporary experiences of African Americans. It was composed by Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Services and contains numerous subject categories, including race/identity, press, literature, and history. It lists African American Studies Encyclopedias and Handbooks, biographical sources, book annotations, videos, and links to other related sites. It is an excellent place to start for those conducting research in the field of African American Studies.

  10. Nurse researchers in corrections: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Ferszt, Ginette G; Hickey, Joyce

    2013-01-01

    The United States has more people, per capita, in prisons and jails than any other country in the world. Because the prison population is largely composed of people who have been economically and socially disadvantaged, a very high percentage enter correctional facilities in poor health. Because of the large concentrated numbers of women, men, and youth in prisons and jails, an exceptional opportunity exists for nurses and other researchers to conduct creative and innovative research to improve the health care of this hard-to-reach population. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of nurse researchers who have been successful in conducting studies in different correctional settings. A qualitative descriptive design was used, and telephone interviews with 16 participants were completed. The participants described how they established credibility, the challenges they faced, and the unexpected personal and professional rewards they received. Recommendations for potential researchers will hopefully lead to an increase in research with this invisible population. PMID:24256982

  11. Research study on antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Auselmi, J. A.; Weinberg, L. W.; Yurczyk, R. F.; Nelson, W. G.

    1973-01-01

    A research project to investigate antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle vehicle was conducted. System from the Concorde, Boeing 747, Boeing 737, and Lockheed L-1011 were investigated. The characteristics of the Boeing 737 system which caused it to be selected are described. Other subjects which were investigated are: (1) trade studies of brake control concepts, (2) redundancy requirements trade study, (3) laboratory evaluation of antiskid systems, and (4) space shuttle hardware criteria.

  12. Employment Research in Brief: An Annotated Bibliography of ETA-Sponsored Studies. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annalisa Mastri; Emily Evans; Stacy Pancratz; Carrie Wolfson

    2011-01-01

    This annotated bibliography provides a summary of research publications released by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, since 1995. The summarized publications include research, evaluation, and demonstration reports, as well as other papers and sets of policy recommendations. Each summary includes a brief description of the study's topic area, study sites, data and methods, and results.

  13. Models and Mechanisms for Evaluating Government-Funded Research: An International Comparison

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coryn, Chris L. S.; Hattie, John A.; Scriven, Michael; Hartmann, David J.

    2007-01-01

    This research describes, classifies, and comparatively evaluates national models and mechanisms used to evaluate research and allocate research funding in 16 countries. Although these models and mechanisms vary widely in terms of how research is evaluated and financed, nearly all share the common characteristic of relating funding to some measure…

  14. A Different Approach to the Evaluation of Research Libraries. Research Brief No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

    In 1996, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) supported a project at Rutgers University that applied new economic theories to measuring how well research libraries fulfill their service roles. This summary draws on the original proposal and the final report from the project's directors. The evaluation of library performance is…

  15. Scientific and Ethical Reflections on Academic Corruption in Universities: On the Science Research Evaluation System in China's Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiaochun, Wu; Dan, Jia

    2007-01-01

    A study of the science research activities in China's institutions of higher learning in recent years indicates that there is a major connection between the current instances of corruption in scientific research at colleges and universities and the evaluations system for scientific research implemented at many of the colleges and universities.…

  16. Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: With over 1 million children served by the US Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of…

  17. A New Approach to Evaluating the Well-Being of PhD Research Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juniper, Bridget; Walsh, Elaine; Richardson, Alan; Morley, Bernard

    2012-01-01

    This study describes the development of an assessment to evaluate the well-being of PhD researchers using a clinically approved methodology that places the perceptions and experiences of the subject population at the heart of its construction. It identifies and assesses the range and relative importance of seven distinct dimensions which are shown…

  18. Farmers' Attitude towards a Participatory Research Method Used to Evaluate Weed Management Strategies in Bananas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganpat, Wayne G.; Isaac, Wendy-Ann P.; Brathwaite, Richard A. I.; Bekele, Isaac

    2009-01-01

    In this study, farmers were engaged in a participatory research project and their attitudes evaluated. The purpose was to identify the characteristics of farmers who are favourably predisposed towards meaningful participation in the process. Several cover crops were tested for possible use in the management of watergrass ("Commelina diffusa"), a…

  19. A comprehensive process evaluation of a community based participatory research intervention, Fit for Life Steps

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive process evaluation of Fit for Life Steps (FFLS), a community based participatory research (CBPR) influenced intervention focused on improving physical activity and health in residents of the Lower Mississippi Delta. A comprehensive framework f...

  20. Bridging the Gap between Research, Evaluation, and Evidence-Based Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Sarita; Gervin, Derrick; White, Garrick; Williams, Aisha; Taylor, Angela; McGriff, Ebony

    2013-01-01

    This study organized a participatory action research team to investigate Council on Social Work Education policies and their effect on the teaching and production of evaluation at the master's level. Data were collected in the form of 282 theses, 27 surveys, and 7 telephone interviews with field instructors to examine the use of…

  1. Federally sponsored multidisciplinary research centers: Learning, evaluation, and vicious circles.

    PubMed

    Youtie, Jan; Corley, Elizabeth A

    2011-02-01

    Despite the increasing investment in multi-year federally funded science and technology centers in universities, there are few studies of how these centers engage in learning and change based on information submitted from various agents in the oversight and evaluation process. One challenge is how to manage and respond to this evaluative information, especially when it is conflicting. Although the center can learn and adapt in response to this information, it can also become subject to a vicious circle of continuous restructuring and production of documentation to address various and potentially inconsistent recommendations. In this paper we illustrate the effects of such a dynamic based on our experiences as external evaluators of the $25 million NSF-funded Learning in Informal and Formal Environments (LIFE) Center. The case study presents an analysis of annual reports and strategic planning documents along with other sources of evidence to illustrate the evolution of center organizational approaches in response to evaluations by external review panels, center evaluators, program managers, and other external stakeholders. We conclude with suggestions for how evaluators may help centers ease the cost of learning and reduce the likelihood of a vicious circle. PMID:20580089

  2. Research in nondestructive evaluation techniques for nuclear reactor concrete structures

    SciTech Connect

    Clayton, Dwight; Smith, Cyrus [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

    2014-02-18

    The purpose of the Materials Aging and Degradation (MAaD) Pathway of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is to develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting longterm environmental degradation behavior of material in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess the performance of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) essential to safe and sustained nuclear power plant operations. The understanding of aging-related phenomena and their impacts on SSCs is expected to be a significant issue for any nuclear power plant planning for long-term operations (i.e. service beyond the initial license renewal period). Management of those phenomena and their impacts during long-term operations can be better enable by improved methods and techniques for detection, monitoring, and prediction of SSC degradation. The MAaD Pathway R and D Roadmap for Concrete, 'Light Water Reactor Sustainability Nondestructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap', focused initial research efforts on understanding the recent concrete issues at nuclear power plants and identifying the availability of concrete samples for NDE techniques evaluation and testing. [1] An overview of the research performed by ORNL in these two areas is presented here.

  3. Undergraduate Research Program Assessment Case Study

    E-print Network

    Taber, Douglass

    : What could we learn from these studies that would benefit our own future student and faculty program assistant Program Facility: Student reading & computing room/presentation practice space Conference roomUndergraduate Research Program 1 Assessment Case Study: University of Delaware's Undergraduate

  4. Desert Research and Technology Studies 2005 Report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ross, Amy J.; Kosmo, Joseph J.; Janoiko, Barbara A.; Bernard, Craig; Splawn, Keith; Eppler, Dean B.

    2006-01-01

    During the first two weeks of September 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2005 Research and Technology Studies (RATS). The Desert RATS field test activity is the culmination of the various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas year-long technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The purpose of the RATS is to drive out preliminary exploration concept of operations EVA system requirements by providing hands-on experience with simulated planetary surface exploration extravehicular activity (EVA) hardware and procedures. The RATS activities also are of significant importance in helping to develop the necessary levels of technical skills and experience for the next generation of engineers, scientists, technicians, and astronauts who will be responsible for realizing the goals of the Constellation Program. The 2005 Desert RATS was the eighth RATS field test and was the most systems-oriented, integrated field test to date with participants from NASA field centers, the United States Geologic Survey (USGS), industry partners, and research institutes. Each week of the test, the 2005 RATS addressed specific sets of objectives. The first week focused on the performance of surface science astro-biological sampling operations, including planetary protection considerations and procedures. The second week supported evaluation of the Science, Crew, Operations, and Utility Testbed (SCOUT) proto-type rover and its sub-systems. Throughout the duration of the field test, the Communications, Avionics, and Infomatics pack (CAI-pack) was tested. This year the CAI-pack served to provide information on surface navigation, science sample collection procedures, and EVA timeline awareness. Additionally, 2005 was the first year since the Apollo program that two pressurized suited test subjects have worked together simultaneously. Another first was the demonstration of recharge of cryogenic life support systems while in-use by the suited test subjects. The recharge capability allowed the simulated EVA test duration to be doubled, facilitating SCOUT proto-type rover testing. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2005 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations and test results.

  5. Research strategies for safety evaluation of nanomaterials, Part I: evaluating the human health implications of exposure to nanoscale materials.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Karluss; Sayre, Philip

    2005-10-01

    Nanotechnology has the potential to dramatically improve the effectiveness of a number of existing consumer and industrial products and could have a substantial impact on the development of new products ranging from disease diagnosis and treatment to environmental remediation. The broad range of possible nanotechnology applications could lead to substantive changes in industrial productivity, economic growth, and international trade. A continuing evaluation of the human health implications of exposure to nanoscale materials will be essential before the commercial benefits of these materials can be fully realized. The purpose of this article is to review the human health implications of exposure to nanoscale materials in the context of a toxicological risk evaluation, the current scope of U.S. Federal research on nanoscale materials, and selected toxicological studies associated with nanoscale materials to note emerging research in this area. PMID:16049265

  6. Decentralized energy studies: compendium of international studies and research

    SciTech Connect

    Wallace, C.

    1980-03-01

    The purpose of the compendium is to provide information about research activities in decentralized energy systems to researchers, government officials, and interested citizens. The compendium lists and briefly describes a number of studies in other industrialized nations that involve decentralized energy systems. A contact person is given for each of the activities listed so that interested readers can obtain more information.

  7. Applying the Context, Input, Process, Product Evaluation Model for Evaluation, Research, and Redesign of an Online Master's Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sancar Tokmak, Hatice; Meltem Baturay, H.; Fadde, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate and redesign an online master's degree program consisting of 12 courses from the informatics field using a context, input, process, product (CIPP) evaluation model. Research conducted during the redesign of the online program followed a mixed methodology in which data was collected through a CIPP survey,…

  8. On Evaluation for Research in Educational Systems: What is an evaluation for?

    E-print Network

    Matsuda, Noboru

    * and Toshihiro Hayashi** * ** *University of Pittsburgh, **Saga University research question 1 \\ " \\ " 2 research question ( ) MYCIN EMYCIN GUIDON 1] ITS research question research question research question research question Yes No 2] research question \\ " research question (hypothesis supposition) 3] 3 research question

  9. [Demographic research in Togo. Evaluation of change and prospects].

    PubMed

    Nomenyo, A

    1986-01-01

    It is only since the independance of Togo, in 1958, and after 3 General Census, (1958-59, 1970, 1981), followed immediately by post-census surveys, that a solid basis of statistical data has been available for demographic research. But it is only after 1970, with the creation of the Benin University, and its Demographic Research Unit, the arrival of researchers at the ORSTOM Center of Lome, and of the demographers trained at the IFORD and IDP, that real demographic research has existed. Since then, the ORSTOM has conducted a study on the dynamics of population (fertility, migration, nuptiality, mortality) and its socioeconomic consequences on the agricultural economy of the Plateau Region (1975-1979). It is currently conducting a study in North Togo, comparing demographic data (nuptiality, fertility, infant mortality, family structure) with socioeconomic data (system of land property, women's activity, wives' status in polygamic families), for a better understanding of the influence of demographic reproduction on global social reproduction. The Demographic Research Unit led several studies on fertility in Southeast Togo and Lome. Several other surveys by the department of statistics and the IFORD, by the INRS, as well as student these from diverse schools of Benin University, are studying demo-geography, demo-economy, and demo-sociology. Still, the main problems are the bad quality of the data on fertility and mortality, and the inconsistancy of civil registration. But the interest of the present administration for demographic information may lead to the creation of a "Population Unit" assisting the government, to the definition of a status for researchers, and to the participation of Togo in the new program of Demographic and Health Surveys planned for 35 countries by the Westinghouse Institute for Resource Development. PMID:12341938

  10. Involving Clients in Programme Evaluation and Research: A New Methodology for Occupational Therapy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Carrie; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Reviews the relationship between occupational therapy and client involvement, examines the rationale for involving clients in program evaluation and research, and discusses how clients are involved in evaluation and research in today's mental health care setting. (Author)

  11. Content Validity in Evaluation and Policy-Relevant Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mark, Melvin M.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    The role of content validity in policy-relevant research is illustrated in a study contrasting results of surveys concerning public opinion toward gun control. Inadequate content validity threatened inferences about the overall level of support for gun control, but not about opinion difference between sexes or respondents of varying political…

  12. 75 FR 54343 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ...FDA-2010-N-0436] Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood Establishments That Collect Whole Blood and Blood Components AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

  13. Research study: Studies in atmospheric processes from Space Platforms

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    Activities of the project for studies in atmospheric processes from space platforms are described. Topics include feasibility studies for a Low Altitude Research Satellite system, a satellite borne Doppler lidar wind monitoring system, the relationship between solar variability and weather, atmospheric modeling, cloud physics, and aerosol studies.

  14. Studying Self-Evaluation Capacity Building in a Large International Development Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taut, Sandy

    2007-01-01

    This action research study addresses the link between building evaluation capacity and enhancing evaluation use for learning. The author shares her experiences and reports on the evidence collected from a set of self-evaluation capacity-building interventions that she implemented. Using a mixed-method approach, the author first determined that the…

  15. Evaluation of a College Freshman Diversity Research Program in Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tremmel, Michael J.; Garner, S. M.; Schmidt, S. J.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Agol, E.

    2014-01-01

    Graduate students in the astronomy department at the University of Washington began the Pre-Major in Astronomy Program (Pre-MAP) after recognizing that underrepresented students in STEM fields are not well retained after their transition from high school. Pre-MAP is a research and mentoring program that begins with a keystone seminar where they learn astronomical research techniques that they apply to research projects conducted in small groups. Students also receive one-on-one mentoring and peer support for the duration of the academic year and beyond. Successful Pre-MAP students have declared astronomy and physics majors, expanded their research projects beyond the fall quarter, presented posters at the UW Undergraduate Research Symposium, and received research fellowships and summer internships. Here we examine the success of the program in attracting underrepresented minorities and in facilitating better STEM retention and academic performance among incoming UW students. We use the University of Washington Student Database to study both the performance of Pre-MAP students and the overall UW student body over the past 8 years. We show that Pre-MAP students are generally more diverse than the overall UW population and also come in with a variety of different math backgrounds, which we show to be an important factor on STEM performance for the overall UW population. We find that that Pre-MAP students are both more academically successful and more likely to graduate in STEM fields than their UW peers, regardless of initial math placement.

  16. Development of a tactical guidance research and evaluation system (TGRES)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goodrich, Kenneth H.; Mcmanus, John W.

    1989-01-01

    The ongoing development of a tool for tactical guidance research and the analysis of airplane system performance in a tactically significant environment are described. The objective of the tool is to provide a means by which researchers can explore and exploit enhancements to high-performance airplane agility. The completed tool will include high-fidelity batch and piloted simulation capabilities, an advanced tactical guidance logic, and a user-friendly interface. While the tool is being developed for the purpose of studying fighter agility, its modularity should make it easily adaptable to the analysis of other technologies and, thus, be of interest to a number of potential users.

  17. 76 FR 60505 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Approach to Addressing Drug Shortage; Public Workshop...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Approach to Addressing Drug...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research to addressing drug shortages...of public interest in this topic and in order to gain additional...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug...

  18. REMEDES (Researching Methodologies in Deaf Studies)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Alys; Turner, Graham

    2004-01-01

    March 2004 saw the last in the ESRC-funded REMEDES seminar series. Its focus was research methodologies and problems of method in working within D/deaf studies. Its start point was to question whether there were conditions, characteristics and features of the field that present particular challenges and/or drive particular kinds of methodological…

  19. Research and Graduate Studies The Graduate School

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    Research and Graduate Studies The Graduate School PharmD/MPA Dual Degree Program Supplementary Graduate School Application NAME: Student I.D. Number Date Bachelor's Degree Awarded (if applicable) GPA Quant. Anal. Note: GRE is required for admission to the Graduate School. Students who have not taken

  20. Endotoxin Studies And Biosolids Stabilization Research

    EPA Science Inventory

    This presentation has three parts; a review of bench-scale endotoxin research, a review of observations from a field scale endotoxin release study, and discussion of biosolids stabilization and characterization by PLFA/FAME microbial community analysis. Endotoxins are part of th...

  1. Transforming research case studies into teaching cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pavel Štrach; André M. Everett

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to encourage consideration of the multiple factors affecting dual use of case studies for both research and teaching, and conversion between the two types; to encourage development of a case transformation protocol to add rigor to this process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature review with discussion. Findings – Noting that insularity diminishes the potential

  2. An International Study of Research Misconduct Policies

    PubMed Central

    Resnik, David B.; Rasmussen, Lisa M.; Kissling, Grace E.

    2015-01-01

    Research misconduct is an international concern. Misconduct policies can play a crucial role in preventing and policing research misconduct, and many institutions have developed their own policies. While institutional policies play a key role in preventing and policing misconduct, national policies are also important to ensure consistent promulgation and enforcement of ethical standards. The purpose of this study was to obtain more information about research misconduct policies across the globe. We found that twenty-two of the top forty research and development funding countries (55%) had a national misconduct policy. Four countries (18.2%) are in the process of developing a policy, and four (18.2%) have a national research ethics code but no misconduct policy. All twenty-two countries (100%) with national policies included fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism in the definition of misconduct, but beyond that there was considerable diversity. Unethical authorship was mentioned in 54.6% of the misconduct definitions, followed by unethical publication practices (36.4%), conflict of interest mismanagement (36.4%), unethical peer review (31.8%), misconduct related to misconduct investigations (27.3%), poor record keeping (27.3%), other deception (27.3%), serious deviations (22.7%), violating confidentiality (22.7%), and human or animal research violations (22.7%). Having a national policy was positively associated with research and development funding ranking and intensiveness. To promote integrity in international research collaborations, countries should seek to harmonize and clarify misconduct definitions and develop procedures for adjudicating conflicts when harmonization does not occur. PMID:25928177

  3. GUIDANCE FOR RESEARCH HOUSE STUDIES OF THE FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM, VOLUME 1: RESEARCH PLAN

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report provides guidance and a readily available reference to groups involved with the Florida Radon Research Program's (FRRP's) research house studies. t includes: 1): Lists of Parameters for continuous and periodic high and low resolution measurements; (2) Protocols for cha...

  4. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENT ETHNICITY FALL 2009 FIRST-TIME FRESHMEN, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENT ETHNICITY FALL 2009

  5. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENT ETHNICITY FALL 2011 FIRST-TIME FRESHMEN, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENT ETHNICITY FALL 2011

  6. Species, Habitats, Society: An Evaluation of Research Supporting EU's Natura 2000 Network

    PubMed Central

    Niculae, Iulian M.; Cucu, Adina L.; Hartel, Tibor

    2014-01-01

    The Natura 2000 network is regarded as one of the conservation success stories in the global effort to protect biodiversity. However, significant challenges remain in Natura 2000 implementation, owing to its rapid expansion, and lack of a coherent vision for its future. Scientific research is critical for identifying conservation priorities, setting management goals, and reconciling biodiversity protection and society in the complex political European landscape. Thus, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive evaluation of published Natura 2000 research to highlight prevalent research themes, disciplinary approaches, and spatial entities. We conducted a systematic review of 572 scientific articles and conference proceedings focused on Natura 2000 research, published between 1996 and 2014. We grouped these articles into ‘ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ categories. Using a novel application of network analysis of article keywords, we found that Natura 2000 research forms a cohesive small-world network, owing to the emphasis on ecological research (79% of studies, with a strong focus on spatial conservation planning), and the underrepresentation of studies addressing ‘social and policy’ issues (typically focused on environmental impact assessment, multi-level governance, agri-environment policy, and ecosystem services valuation). ‘Ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ research shared only general concepts (e.g., Natura 2000, Habitats Directive) suggesting a disconnection between these disciplines. The UK and the Mediterranean basin countries dominated Natura 2000 research, and there was a weak correlation between number of studies and proportion of national territory protected. Approximately 40% of ‘social and policy’ research and 26% of ‘ecological’ studies highlighted negative implications of Natura 2000, while 21% of studies found positive social and biodiversity effects. We emphasize the need for designing inter- and transdisciplinary research in order to promote a social-ecological understanding of Natura 2000, and advance EU conservation policies. PMID:25415188

  7. Evaluating research for disruptive innovation in the space sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Summerer, L.

    2012-12-01

    Many governmental space activities need to be planned with a time horizon that extends beyond the comfort zone of reliable technology development assessments and predictions. In an environment of accelerating technological change, a methodological approach to addressing non-core technology trends and potentially disruptive, game-changing developments not yet linked to the space sector is increasingly important to complement efforts in core technology R&D planning. Various models and organisational setups aimed at fulfilling this purpose are in existence. These include, with varying levels of relevance to space, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC, operational form 1998 to 2007 and recently re-established), the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency of the US Department of Defence, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Medialab, the early versions of Starlab, the Lockheed Skunk Works and the European Space Agency's Advanced Concepts Team. Some of these organisations have been reviewed and assessed individually, though systematic comparison of their methods, approaches and results have not been published. This may be due in part to the relatively sparse scientific literature on organisational parameters for enabling disruptive innovation as well as to the lack of commonly agreed indicators for the evaluation of their performance. Furthermore, innovation support systems in the space sector are organised differently than in traditional, open competitive markets, which serve as the basis for most scholarly literature on the organisation of innovation. The present paper is intended to advance and stimulate discussion on the organisation of disruptive innovation mechanisms specifically for the space sector. It uses the examples of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts and the ESA Advanced Concepts Team, analyses their respective approaches and compares their results, leading to the proposal of measures for the analysis and eventual evaluation of research for disruptive innovation in the space sector.

  8. Embedded Research in Practice: A Study of Systemic Reform in Milwaukee Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Norman L.

    This paper describes the Study of Systemic Reform in Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS), an embedded research project that crossed the lines between objectivity and subjectivity, technical assistance and evaluation, and qualitative and quantitative research. The project created a collaboration between researchers at the Wisconsin Center for Education…

  9. Study on the Visualization Elements of Web Information Services: Focused on Researcher Network and Graphic Chart

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanmin Jung; Mikyoung Lee; Pyung Kim; DoWan Kim

    2011-01-01

    To provide information efficiently to users with web service, we study information visualization techniques, especially focused on researcher network and graphic chart. In the viewpoint of data set and level of functionality, we analyze the following four academic information services; Authoratory, Researchgate, Biomedexperts, and Academic.research. We analyze researcher network and graphic chart of each service and then propose evaluation criteria

  10. The Drug Evaluation and Classification Program in the state of Texas: a validation study 

    E-print Network

    Walden, Troy Duane

    2005-08-29

    A retrospective research study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program (DECP) procedures in order to identify subjects under the influence of specific drug categories. The investigator wanted...

  11. Current and future research in diagnostic criteria and evaluation of caries detection methods.

    PubMed

    Chu, Chun Hung; Chau, Alex M; Lo, Edward C

    2013-01-01

    The biochemical definition of dental caries is reasonably understood and generally agreed upon, but there is no consensus on a clinical definition among dentists. There are many proposed diagnostic criteria of dental caries in the dental literature. The recently developed International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II) has been constructed to allow data comparison between studies. It can be used in epidemiological studies, public health research, clinical research, clinical practice and dental education. A good study evaluating a caries detection method should contain information on caries prevalence of the study sample and other measures, including sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). It is noteworthy that measuring sensitivity and specificity provides no quantitative information on how likely a tested tooth is to be carious because the true caries status of the tooth is not known in a clinical situation. Moreover, the study design for caries detection should address the interpretation of predictive values because PPV and NPV are affected by the caries prevalence. The study design should also measure patient-oriented outcomes, address allocation concealment and avoid lead-time bias to generate valid and clinically relevant studies. Prudent evaluation of caries detection methods is the standard of care. This paper reviews current diagnostic criteria for caries detection and discusses proper ways to evaluate new diagnostic methods. PMID:23534041

  12. The Evaluation of the ESEA Title VII Spanish/English Bilingual Education Program: Research Design and Analytic Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coles, Gary J.

    The research design and analytic approaches used in the national evaluation of the Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title VII Spanish/English Bilingual Education Program are described. This study evaluated the entire program, as opposed to individual projects, and had four goals: to (1) determine the cognitive and affective impact of…

  13. Economic Evaluation alongside Multinational Studies: A Systematic Review of Empirical Studies

    PubMed Central

    Oppong, Raymond; Jowett, Sue; Roberts, Tracy E.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of the study This study seeks to explore methods for conducting economic evaluations alongside multinational trials by conducting a systematic review of the methods used in practice and the challenges that are typically faced by the researchers who conducted the economic evaluations. Methods A review was conducted for the period 2002 to 2012, with potentially relevant articles identified by searching the Medline, Embase and NHS EED databases. Studies were included if they were full economic evaluations conducted alongside a multinational trial. Results A total of 44 studies out of a possible 2667 met the inclusion criteria. Methods used for the analyses varied between studies, indicating a lack of consensus on how economic evaluation alongside multinational studies should be carried out. The most common challenge appeared to be related to addressing differences between countries, which potentially hinders the generalisability and transferability of results. Other challenges reported included inadequate sample sizes and choosing cost-effectiveness thresholds. Conclusions It is recommended that additional guidelines be developed to aid researchers in this area and that these be based on an understanding of the challenges associated with multinational trials and the strengths and limitations of alternative approaches. Guidelines should focus on ensuring that results will aid decision makers in their individual countries. PMID:26121465

  14. Several strategies for evaluating the objectivity of measurements in clinical research and practice

    PubMed Central

    Keating, Joseph C

    1988-01-01

    The objectivity (interexaminer reliability) of measurement in chiropractic provides a basis for judging the quality of information in clinical research and practice. Objectivity may be determined by formal measurement evaluation studies and by sampling within clinical trials. Interpretation of inter-examiner reliability requires descriptive and inferential statistics selected on the basis of the mathematical properties of data, appreciation of the clinical meaning of a particular measure, and recognition of the role of chance. Methods of data analysis include scatter-plots, contingency tables, time-series graphs, and correlational and concordance coefficients. Many kinds of objectivity evaluations are well within the capacities of private practitioners and student clinicians.

  15. Ergonomic research study on aircraft luggage handling.

    PubMed

    Rückert, A; Rohmert, W; Pressel, G

    1992-09-01

    In this study, the lifting and carrying of freight and luggage at a large German airport is classified by typical conditions of performance. These manual load handling tasks take place in height-restricted workplaces. Different methods for an ergonomic evaluation of these tasks are used. The results of the epidemiological, physiological, and biomechanical studies indicated a strain bottleneck during loading tasks in aircraft holds. Therefore, an additional laboratory study was done, in order to analyse the influence of work weight and weight of work object on heart rate, subjective RPE, and number of work objects handled. As a result of the study, the airport has developed a special lifting and carrying training for the aircraft handlers which aims to reduce strain on the postural and locomotor apparatus by an appropriate technique of work. The training programme consists of theoretical instruction by a company doctor and practical exercises under the supervision of a specially-trained sports teacher. PMID:1387080

  16. Designing Effective Teacher Evaluation Plans. Research in Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    School districts with successful teacher evaluation programs all treat evaluation as a major district responsibility, allocate considerable resources to evaluation, carry out the programs as planned, keep administrators and teachers well informed about the plan, develop methods for ensuring the competence of evaluators, and use the evaluation

  17. Evaluation of the Research in the Scope of the Proficiency of Teachers in Terms of Subject, Aim, Method, and Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaskaya, Alper

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was the evaluation of the researches that were conducted in our country on proficiency of the teachers in terms of subject, aim, method and results, and was to state the necessary points to be taken into consideration in the choice of methods. 21 researches in the scope of proficiency of teachers were examined for this…

  18. INTRODUCTION The LouisianaTransportation Research Center (LTRC) funded the Automated Enforcement and Highway Safety project to evaluate

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    and Highway Safety project to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of automated enforcement and Highway Safety Research study were to: · Conduct a literature review of national research related and Highway Safety SCOPE LTRC CONTACT: PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: LTRC Report 510 Susan Herbel, Ph.D. Cambridge

  19. Using Evaluation and Research Theory to Improve Programs in Applied Settings: An Interview with Thomas D. Cook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buescher, Thomas M.

    1986-01-01

    An interview with T. Cook, author of works on the use of research and evaluation theory and design, touches on such topics as practical evaluation, planning programs with evaluation or research design, and evaluation of programs for gifted students. (CL)

  20. Evaluating the informatics for integrating biology and the bedside system for clinical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vikrant G Deshmukh; Stéphane M Meystre; Joyce A Mitchell

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Selecting patient cohorts is a critical, iterative, and often time-consuming aspect of studies involving human subjects; informatics tools for helping streamline the process have been identified as important infrastructure components for enabling clinical and translational research. We describe the evaluation of a free and open source cohort selection tool from the Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2)

  1. Improving methods to evaluate the impacts of plant invasions: lessons from 40 years of research

    PubMed Central

    Stricker, Kerry Bohl; Hagan, Donald; Flory, S. Luke

    2015-01-01

    Methods used to evaluate the ecological impacts of biological invasions vary widely from broad-scale observational studies to removal experiments in invaded communities and experimental additions in common gardens and greenhouses. Different methods provide information at diverse spatial and temporal scales with varying levels of reliability. Thus, here we provide a synthetic and critical review of the methods used to evaluate the impacts of plant invasions and provide recommendations for future research. We review the types of methods available and report patterns in methods used, including the duration and spatial scale of studies and plant functional groups examined, from 410 peer-reviewed papers published between 1971 and 2011. We found that there has been a marked increase in papers published on plant invasion impacts since 2003 and that more than half of all studies employed observational methods while <5 % included predictive modelling. Most of the studies were temporally and spatially restricted with 51 % of studies lasting <1 year and almost half of all studies conducted in plots or mesocosms <1 m2. There was also a bias in life form studied: more than 60 % of all studies evaluated impacts of invasive forbs and graminoids while <16 % focused on invasive trees. To more effectively quantify invasion impacts, we argue that longer-term experimental research and more studies that use predictive modelling and evaluate impacts of invasions on ecosystem processes and fauna are needed. Combining broad-scale observational studies with experiments and predictive modelling may provide the most insight into invasion impacts for policy makers and land managers seeking to reduce the effects of plant invasions. PMID:25829379

  2. Subjective soundscapes qualitative research in the experience and evaluation of environmental noise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flick, Uwe

    2001-05-01

    If the subjective experience and evaluation of environmental noise shall be considered and integrated into the current soundscape research, the use of qualitative research methods used in sociology and psychology will become necessary. A triangulation of research methods for measuring objective noise and for the subjective evaluation of noises and sounds on the background of subjective meanings of health and healthy living will be a fruitful way to a more comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of soundscapes in the context of health and quality of life. In this contribution, a selection of qualitative research methods will be presented that allows for analyzing subjective experiences with environmental noise. Interviews focusing on narratives of episodes and situations (e.g., the episodic interview, Flick, 2002) will be outlined. Issues of how to assess the quality of qualitative research and its results will be addressed and finally the benefits and limits of the triangulation of different methods (e.g., interviews and focus groups or interviews and physical measures) will be discussed. Research experiences from the author's recent studies on health concepts of health professionals will be used for illustration.

  3. State of health economic evaluation research in Saudi Arabia: a review

    PubMed Central

    Al-Aqeel, Sinaa A

    2012-01-01

    Background If evaluation of economic evidence is to be used increasingly in Saudi Arabia, a review of the published literature would be useful to inform policy decision-makers of the current state of research and plan future research agendas. The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical review of the state of health economic evaluation research within the Saudi context with regard to the number, characteristics, and quality of published articles. Methods A literature search was conducted on May 8, 2011 to identify health economic articles pertaining to Saudi Arabia in the PubMed, Embase, and EconLit databases, using the following terms alone or in combination: “cost*”, “economics”, “health economics”, “cost-effectiveness”, “cost-benefit”, “cost minimization”, “cost utility analysis”, and “Saudi”. Reference lists of the articles identified were also searched for further articles. The tables of contents of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal and the Saudi Medical Journal were reviewed for the previous 5 years. Results The search identified 535 citations. Based on a reading of abstracts and titles, 477 papers were excluded. Upon reviewing the full text of the remaining 58 papers, 43 were excluded. Fifteen papers were included. Ten were categorized as full economic evaluations and five as partial economic evaluations. These articles were published between 1997 and 2010. The majority of the studies identified did not clearly state the perspective of their evaluation. There are many concerns about the methods used to collect outcome and costs data. Only one study used some sort of sensitivity analysis to assess the effects of uncertainty on the robustness of its conclusions. Conclusion This review highlights major flaws in the design, analysis, and reporting of the identified economic analyses. Such deficiencies mean that the local economic evidence available to decision-makers is not very useful. Thus, building research capability in health economics is warranted. PMID:22826634

  4. Occupational classification according to work demands: an evaluation study.

    PubMed

    de Zwart, B C; Broersen, J P; van der Beek, A J; Frings-Dresen, M H; van Dijk, F J

    1997-01-01

    The use of job title as crude exposure measure in epidemiological studies is often inevitable when the available exposure data is scarce. In this study, an existing classification scheme of all job titles in the Netherlands into six categories of physical and mental work demands, constructed by expert judgement, was evaluated. Furthermore, a revision of this classification scheme for a research project on the relation between age, physical work demands, and musculoskeletal complaints was proposed and evaluated as well. For the evaluation, self-reported work demands, derived from questionnaire data of 38,921 employees and quantified by a scale of physical work demands and mental work demands, were used. Based on comparison of the mean scale scores of the several categories of work demands at group level, both classification schemes showed construct validity. Notwithstanding several limitations, the use of the presented classification schemes in epidemiological studies seems particularly challenging and rewarding when analysing data at group level from large and heterogeneous occupational populations. These kind of exploratory studies may generate new hypothesis on the basic patterns concerning work-related disorders, and can also be informative from a policy making perspective. PMID:9524406

  5. Principles in practice: reflections on a 'postpositivist' approach to evaluation research.

    PubMed

    Parry, O; Gnich, W; Platt, S

    2001-04-01

    User participation is currently seen as an ethically appropriate way to proceed when researching disadvantaged groups and it is encouraged by funding agencies. However, the literature rarely discusses the methodological and practical implications for researchers attempting to incorporate user participation into evaluation studies which are informed from an epistemologically opposed (positivist) research paradigm. The paper explores this issue by drawing on the evaluation of a community-based smoking intervention to describe and reflect upon the recruitment, training and employment of local residents as survey interviewers. While the evaluation methodology adopts a quasi-experimental approach, the appointment of local residents as survey interviewers reflects an alternative (interpretive) research tradition. The combined strategy constitutes a postpositivist methodology in that it combines a data collection strategy more akin to interpretive social science while retaining a positivistic epistemological framework. The paper describes some logistics of this approach and problems encountered during the course of survey. While many of the problems described may be routinely associated (although seldom aired) with survey work, particularly in disadvantaged areas, the paper suggests they are also a function of the postpositivist research strategy which we adopted. The failure to involve interviewers in the conception and development of the evaluation meant that they lacked identification with our endeavour and this had practical implications for the survey interviewing. Although the survey was successfully executed and the employment of local residents was a valuable and worthwhile experience, the authors recognize that this narrow conception of user involvement meant that many of the potential benefits (both to the research and the participants) associated with participatory approaches were forfeited. PMID:11345663

  6. Program for transfer research and impact studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rusnak, J. J.; Freeman, J. E.; Hartley, J. M.; Kottenstette, J. P.; Staskin, E. R.

    1973-01-01

    Research activities conducted under the Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies (TRIS) during 1972 included: (1) preparation of 10,196 TSP requests for TRIS application analysis; (2) interviews with over 500 individuals concerning the technical, economic, and social impacts of NASA-generated technology; (3) preparation of 38 new technology transfer example files and 101 new transfer cases; and (4) maintenance of a technology transfer library containing more than 2,900 titles. Six different modes of technology utilization are used to illustrate the pervasiveness of the transfer and diffusion of aerospace innovations. These modes also provide a basis for distinguishing the unique characteristics of the NASA Technology Utilization Program. An examination is reported of the ways in which NASA-generated technology is contributing to beneficial social change in five major areas of human concern: health, environment, safety, transportation, and communication.

  7. Re-Mediating Practitioners' Practice for Equity in Higher Education: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vines, Erin

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the influence of action research on California community college practitioners' attitudes, beliefs, and behavior using the Center for Urban Education's (CUE) Equity Scorecard tools and process. This developmental evaluation study began March 2011 and concluded April 2012. The pseudonym of the field site studied is Las…

  8. The San Antonio heart study research information study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dongli Shen; Braxton Mitchell; Helen Hazuda; Gary Clark; Michael Stern

    1992-01-01

    The San Antonio heart study research information system was developed to support multiple long-term projects for epidemiological study of heart disease and diabetes in the Mexican-American population. State-of-the-art technology was adopted, including a client-server, a time-sharing local area network, a relational database, the structural query language (SQL), and a fourth generation programming language (4GL), to enable the system to provide

  9. Teaching Research and Practice Evaluation Skills to Graduate Social Work Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Stephen E.; Vakharia, Sheila P.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The authors examined outcomes of a graduate course on evaluating social work practice that required students to use published research, quantitative measures, and single-system designs in a simulated practice evaluation project. Method: Practice evaluation projects from a typical class were analyzed for the number of research references…

  10. Learning through Web-Based Multistoryline Case Studies: A Design-Based Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeng, Rui; Blasi, Laura

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a design-based research in an undergraduate measurement and evaluation course. The study employed web-based multistoryline case studies grounded on Spiro's cognitive flexibility theory to improve students' comprehension of concepts and knowledge. The findings of this research reveal that students demonstrated positive…

  11. An organizational model to distinguish between and integrate research and evaluation activities in a theory based evaluation.

    PubMed

    Sample McMeeking, Laura B; Basile, Carole; Brian Cobb, R

    2012-11-01

    Theory-based evaluation (TBE) is an evaluation method that shows how a program will work under certain conditions and has been supported as a viable, evidence-based option in cases where randomized trials or high-quality quasi-experiments are not feasible. Despite the model's widely accepted theoretical appeal there are few examples of its well-implemented use, probably due to time and money limitations necessary for planning and a confusion over the definitions between research and evaluation functions and roles. In this paper, we describe the development of a theory-based evaluation design in a Math and Science Partnership (MSP) research project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). Through this work we developed an organizational model distinguishing between and integrating evaluation and research functions, explicating personnel roles and responsibilities, and highlighting connections between research and evaluation work. Although the research and evaluation components operated on independent budgeting, staffing, and implementation activities, we were able to combine datasets across activities to allow us to assess the integrity of the program theory, not just the hypothesized connections within it. This model has since been used for proposal development and has been invaluable as it creates a research and evaluation plan that is seamless from the beginning. PMID:22580233

  12. Comparative effectiveness research: what kind of studies do we need?

    PubMed

    Concato, John; Peduzzi, Peter; Huang, Grant D; O'Leary, Timothy J; Kupersmith, Joel

    2010-08-01

    Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is increasingly popular, yet discussions of its conduct and consequences often overlook the extensive history of comparing different therapeutic options in patient-oriented research. In particular, research in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has included a decades-long focus on generating information that can enhance medical decision making and improve health outcomes. Categories of such research include multisite randomized controlled trials (conducted by the Cooperative Studies Program) and observational studies involving either primary or secondary data collection. As representative examples from cardiology, a landmark VA clinical trial published in the 1970s evaluated the benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery among patients with angina; a VA trial initiated in the 1990s, and identified formally as CER, demonstrated that percutaneous coronary intervention is not superior to optimal medical therapy; and a database investigation using information from the VA electronic medical record system in the 2000s found that use of proton pump inhibitor medication is associated with the attenuation of the benefits of clopidogrel among patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome. A review of these (and other) selected projects, based on their type of study design, serves to highlight the strengths, limitations, and potential of CER. PMID:20479661

  13. Correspondence Study: Faculty Evaluation; Phase I of the State-Wide Correspondence Study: Faculty Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., Seattle. Educational Assessment Center.

    The first of a two-part evaluation of correspondence studies in the State of Washington was concerned with opinion, descriptions, and recommendations of faculty at four state institutions on (1) how the faculty member is affected personally, (2) how students are affected, and (3) program improvement. Interviews collected data from 100 faculty…

  14. Successfully completing case study research: combining rigour, relevance and pragmatism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peta Darke; Graeme G. Shanks; Marianne Broadbent

    1998-01-01

    The organizational and social issues associated with the development, implementation and use of computer-based information systems have increasingly attracted the attention of information systems researchers. Interest in qualitative research methods such as action research, case study research and ethnography, which focus on understanding social phenomena in their natural setting, has con- sequently grown. Case study research is the most widely

  15. Formative Ethnographic Research to Improve Evaluation of a Novel Water System in Ghana

    PubMed Central

    Alcorn, Ted E.; Opryszko, Melissa C.; Schwab, Kellogg J.

    2011-01-01

    The accessibility of potable water is fundamental to public health. A private for-profit company is installing kiosk-based drinking-water systems in rural and peri-urban villages in Ghana, and we evaluated their performance. Preceding an observational study to measure the effect of these kiosks on the incidence of water-related disease in recipient communities, we conducted ethnographic research to assess local water-related practices and the ways these practices would affect adoption of the new technology. We conducted fieldwork in two communities in Ghana and interviewed stakeholders throughout the water sector. Our findings illustrate the complexity of water-related behaviors and indicate several factors that may sustain disease transmission despite the presence of the new technology. This formative ethnographic research also improved the precision of our subsequent evaluation of the intervention by providing a site-specific, culturally-appropriate knowledge base. This study demonstrates the value of incorporating qualitative research techniques into evaluations of water-related projects. PMID:21540392

  16. Assessment of children's capacity to consent for research: a descriptive qualitative study of researchers' practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara E Gibson; Elaine Stasiulis; Shawna Gutfreund; Maria McDonald; Lauren Dade

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundIn Canadian jurisdictions without specific legislation pertaining to research consent, the onus is placed on researchers to determine whether a child is capable of independently consenting to participate in a research study. Little, however, is known about how child health researchers are approaching consent and capacity assessment in practice. The aim of this study was to explore and describe researchers'

  17. What and How Are We Evaluating? Meta-Evaluation Study of the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) Portfolio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, A. M.; Barnes, M. H.; Chambers, L. H.; Pippin, M. R.

    2011-12-01

    As part of NASA's Minority University Research and Education Program (MUREP), the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project at Langley Research Center has funded 71 climate education initiatives since 2008. The funded initiatives span across the nation and contribute to the development of a climate-literate public and the preparation of a climate-related STEM workforce through research experiences, professional development opportunities, development of data access and modeling tools, and educational opportunities in both K-12 and higher education. Each of the funded projects proposes and carries out its own evaluation plan, in collaboration with external or internal evaluation experts. Using this portfolio as an exemplar case, NICE has undertaken a systematic meta-evaluation of these plans, focused primarily on evaluation questions, approaches, and methods. This meta-evaluation study seeks to understand the range of evaluations represented in the NICE portfolio, including descriptive information (what evaluations, questions, designs, approaches, and methods are applied?) and questions of value (do these evaluations meet the needs of projects and their staff, and of NASA/NICE?). In the current climate, as federal funders of climate change and STEM education projects seek to better understand and incorporate evaluation into their decisions, evaluators and project leaders are also seeking to build robust understanding of program effectiveness. Meta-evaluations like this provide some baseline understanding of the current status quo and the kinds of evaluations carried out within such funding portfolios. These explorations are needed to understand the common ground between evaluative best practices, limited resources, and agencies' desires, capacity, and requirements. When NASA asks for evaluation of funded projects, what happens? Which questions are asked and answered, using which tools? To what extent do the evaluations meet the needs of projects and program officers? How do they contribute to best practices in climate science education? These questions are important to ask about STEM and climate literacy work more generally; the NICE portfolio provides a broad test case for thinking strategically, critically, and progressively about evaluation in our community. Our findings can inform the STEM education, communication, and public outreach communities, and prompt us to consider a broad range of informative evaluation options. During this presentation, we will consider the breadth, depth and utility of evaluations conducted through a NASA climate education funding opportunity. We will examine the relationship between what we want to know about education programs, what we want to achieve with our interventions, and what we ask in our evaluations.

  18. What and How Are We Evaluating? Meta-Evaluation Study of the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) Portfolio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, A. M.; Barnes, M. H.; Chambers, L. H.; Pippin, M. R.

    2013-12-01

    As part of NASA's Minority University Research and Education Program (MUREP), the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project at Langley Research Center has funded 71 climate education initiatives since 2008. The funded initiatives span across the nation and contribute to the development of a climate-literate public and the preparation of a climate-related STEM workforce through research experiences, professional development opportunities, development of data access and modeling tools, and educational opportunities in both K-12 and higher education. Each of the funded projects proposes and carries out its own evaluation plan, in collaboration with external or internal evaluation experts. Using this portfolio as an exemplar case, NICE has undertaken a systematic meta-evaluation of these plans, focused primarily on evaluation questions, approaches, and methods. This meta-evaluation study seeks to understand the range of evaluations represented in the NICE portfolio, including descriptive information (what evaluations, questions, designs, approaches, and methods are applied?) and questions of value (do these evaluations meet the needs of projects and their staff, and of NASA/NICE?). In the current climate, as federal funders of climate change and STEM education projects seek to better understand and incorporate evaluation into their decisions, evaluators and project leaders are also seeking to build robust understanding of program effectiveness. Meta-evaluations like this provide some baseline understanding of the current status quo and the kinds of evaluations carried out within such funding portfolios. These explorations are needed to understand the common ground between evaluative best practices, limited resources, and agencies' desires, capacity, and requirements. When NASA asks for evaluation of funded projects, what happens? Which questions are asked and answered, using which tools? To what extent do the evaluations meet the needs of projects and program officers? How do they contribute to best practices in climate science education? These questions are important to ask about STEM and climate literacy work more generally; the NICE portfolio provides a broad test case for thinking strategically, critically, and progressively about evaluation in our community. Our findings can inform the STEM education, communication, and public outreach communities, and prompt us to consider a broad range of informative evaluation options. During this presentation, we will consider the breadth, depth and utility of evaluations conducted through a NASA climate education funding opportunity. We will examine the relationship between what we want to know about education programs, what we want to achieve with our interventions, and what we ask in our evaluations.

  19. Simulation studies to evaluate the effect of fracture closure on the performance of fractured reservoirs; Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Howrie; D. Dauben

    1994-01-01

    A three-year research program to evaluate the effect of fracture closure on the recovery of oil and gas from naturally fractured reservoirs has been completed. The overall objectives of the study were to: (1) evaluate the reservoir conditions for which fracture closure is significant, and (2) evaluate innovative fluid injection techniques capable of maintaining pressure within the reservoir. The evaluations

  20. Qualitative Research in the Foreseeable Future: No Study Left Behind?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flinders, David J.

    2003-01-01

    Questions efficacy of Department of Education's recent decision to support only studies using quantitative experimental research designs. Describes advantages of qualitative research. (Contains 23 references.) (PKP)

  1. Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID)

    E-print Network

    Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID) A.D. Pimentel L: performance evaluation, simulation, MIMD architectures Introduction The Mermaid project focuses must be simulated without too much remodelling effort. The MIMD architectures modelled within Mermaid

  2. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2002 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2002 Undergraduate

  3. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2003 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2003 Undergraduate

  4. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENT ETHNICITY FALL 2010 FIRST-TIME FRESHMEN AMERICAN INDIAN 7, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENT ETHNICITY FALL 2010

  5. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2000 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2000 Undergraduate

  6. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2004 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2004 Undergraduate

  7. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2005 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2005 Undergraduate

  8. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2006 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2006 Undergraduate

  9. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2007 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2007 Undergraduate

  10. California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    California State University, Fullerton Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2001 First-time Freshmen American Indian Institutional Research and Analytical Studies Percent Distribution of Student Ethnicity Fall 2001 Undergraduate

  11. 75 FR 42068 - Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ...Elkhorn Slough (California) National Estuarine Research Reserve...at the Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve, Administration Building Conference Room, 1700 Elkhorn...to Kate Barba, Chief, National Policy and Evaluation...

  12. 48 CFR 225.7016 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation...Foreign Acquisition 225.7016 Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and...

  13. Llifelog : discovering and evaluating research projects through peer-to-peer exchange

    E-print Network

    Bian, Li, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Llifelog is a web platform for discovering, evaluating, and exchanging research projects among students and researchers from both academia and industry. The goal of Llifelog is foster a community of critique among students ...

  14. Evidence of Impact: Examination of Evaluation Studies Published in the "Journal of Extension"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workman, Jeffrey D.; Scheer, Scott D.

    2012-01-01

    Research was conducted to explore the level of evidence of impact collected through program evaluation (outcome studies) by Extension as published in "JOE." Articles reviewed were those listed under the headings of "Feature Articles" and "Research in Brief" in 5-year increments (1965-69, 1975-79, 1985-89, 1995-99, and…

  15. EVALUATION AND INTERPRETATION OF MATERNAL TOXICITY IN SEGMENT II STUDIES: ISSUES, SOME ANSWERS AND DATA NEEDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Rogers, J.M., and N. Chernoff. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, U.S.A. Evaluation and interpretation of maternal toxicity in Segment II studies: Issues, s...

  16. Project Monitoring and Evaluation: An Enhancing Method for Health Research System Management

    PubMed Central

    Djalalinia, Shirin; Owlia, Parviz; Malekafzali, Hossein; Ghanei, Mostafa; Babamahmoodi, Abdolreza; Peykari, Niloofar

    2014-01-01

    Background: Planning, organizing, staffing, leading and monitoring are the basic functional component of management. In present article, we aim to define the project monitoring and evaluation in health research system (HRS) considering its success and challenges based on our national experience. Methods: In this study based on the information of annual Medical Science Universities evaluation during the last decade the HRS indicators have been scored in three axes based on HRS functions: Stewardship, capacity building and knowledge production. In this article, we will focus on the results of HRS evaluation from 2002 to 2010, also on its success and challenges. Results: In an overall view, the main results are the experiences of the designing and implantation of such process after pre-project preparation, all parts followed under the whole supervision of the aims of the HRS evaluation. Project management light the way of practical application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques for better HRS evaluation and management. Conclusions: We concluded that; although monitoring and evaluation as an essential part of HRS Management light the improvement ahead way but we still need to advantage of the new project management advances. PMID:24829740

  17. Between Evaluation and Research: Theatre as an Educational Tool in Museum Theatre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Explains that the Center for Applied Theater Research was awarded a major grant to undertake research in the effectiveness of theatre work in museums in the United Kingdom. Describes how and why one particular research project was designed as research and discusses its closeness to, but difference from, evaluation. Explains that children responded…

  18. What Types of Designs Are We Using in Social Work Research and Evaluation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holosko, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses a void in the literature about social work research and evaluation (R&E) designs, in particular related to the quality of its published work. Data were collected by reviewing three empirically oriented journals, "Research on Social Work Practice", "Journal of Social Service Research", and "Social Work Research" over three…

  19. Uncovering Epistemological Assumptions underlying Research in Information Studies

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Uncovering Epistemological Assumptions underlying Research in Information Studies Steve Fuller researchers for practical or applied research not to ignore the epistemological assumptions underlying also deplored the "epistemological promiscuity" or "eclecticism" of the field, its incessant borrowing

  20. Appraisal of family doctors: an evaluation study.

    PubMed Central

    Lewis, Malcolm; Elwyn, Glyn; Wood, Fiona

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Appraisal has evolved to become a key component of workforce management. However, it is not clear from existing proposals for appraisal of doctors whether employers, health authorities or primary care organisations should take responsibility for appraisal processes. AIMS: To evaluate the introduction of a pilot peer appraisal system in general practice and to gain insight into the reactions of appraisers and doctors. DESIGN OF STUDY: Semi-structured telephone interviews combined with participant surveys and documentary analysis. SETTING: Five health authorities in Wales. PARTICIPANTS: General practitioners (GPs) appointed as appraisers and volunteer practitioners (doctors). METHOD: Twenty-six appraisers were appointed and given training in the appraisal process, each appraising an average of eight individuals. Appraisers and appraised doctors participated in semi-structured telephone interviews and completed separate participant questionnaires. RESULTS: GPs willingly undertook peer appraisal in a volunteer-based pilot study where participation was recompensed. The majority of participating clinicians were positive, with appraisers reporting the most gain. Appraisers were enthusiastic, provided the process remained non-judgemental and did not threaten or burden their colleagues. Appraised doctors were less enthusiastic but the most significant perceived benefit was the opportunity to reflect on individual performance with a supportive colleague. There were, however, repeated concerns about time, confusion with revalidation and personal development plans, worries about including health and probity queries, and an opinion that the process would be entirely different if conducted with non-volunteers or by representatives of 'management'. CONCLUSION: This study illustrated three fundamental problems for appraisal systems in general practice. First, there is as yet no organisational hierarchy in general practice. Perhaps the aggregation of practices into primary care organisations will generate a hierarchy. Second, the question of who conducts appraisals then becomes pertinent; this study illustrates a professionally-led peer appraisal model. Third, the spectre of summative assessment causes problems in appraisal schemes. Typically, only mutually agreed summaries are kept for future use in appraisal systems (for example, for promotion or discipline). So the proposal to use GP annual appraisal documentation as the basis of a summative 'revalidation' exercise is at odds with orthodox personnel practice, which regards appraisal as a formative process. PMID:12939890

  1. Course Evaluation at Rhodes: An Exploratory Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziehl, Susan C.

    1996-01-01

    A survey of 32 department heads at Rhodes University (South Africa) found that in just over half the departments, students were given the opportunity to evaluate course content and presentation, and department heads were favorably disposed toward the system. Two issues deemed important in institutionalization of course evaluation were methods for…

  2. Why, and how, mixed methods research is undertaken in health services research in England: a mixed methods study

    PubMed Central

    O'Cathain, Alicia; Murphy, Elizabeth; Nicholl, Jon

    2007-01-01

    Background Recently, there has been a surge of international interest in combining qualitative and quantitative methods in a single study – often called mixed methods research. It is timely to consider why and how mixed methods research is used in health services research (HSR). Methods Documentary analysis of proposals and reports of 75 mixed methods studies funded by a research commissioner of HSR in England between 1994 and 2004. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews with 20 researchers sampled from these studies. Results 18% (119/647) of HSR studies were classified as mixed methods research. In the documentation, comprehensiveness was the main driver for using mixed methods research, with researchers wanting to address a wider range of questions than quantitative methods alone would allow. Interviewees elaborated on this, identifying the need for qualitative research to engage with the complexity of health, health care interventions, and the environment in which studies took place. Motivations for adopting a mixed methods approach were not always based on the intrinsic value of mixed methods research for addressing the research question; they could be strategic, for example, to obtain funding. Mixed methods research was used in the context of evaluation, including randomised and non-randomised designs; survey and fieldwork exploratory studies; and instrument development. Studies drew on a limited number of methods – particularly surveys and individual interviews – but used methods in a wide range of roles. Conclusion Mixed methods research is common in HSR in the UK. Its use is driven by pragmatism rather than principle, motivated by the perceived deficit of quantitative methods alone to address the complexity of research in health care, as well as other more strategic gains. Methods are combined in a range of contexts, yet the emerging methodological contributions from HSR to the field of mixed methods research are currently limited to the single context of combining qualitative methods and randomised controlled trials. Health services researchers could further contribute to the development of mixed methods research in the contexts of instrument development, survey and fieldwork, and non-randomised evaluations. PMID:17570838

  3. The Research Resource Guide: A Description and Formative Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ethel; Ralston, Penny; Coccia, Catherine; Young-Clark, Iris; Atkinson, Cheryl; Davis, Kimberly E.; Fluellen, Vivian; Hausafus, Cheryl O.; Johnson, Linda; Prowell, Grace

    2014-01-01

    Undergraduate research is important for preparing the next generation of scholars in family and consumer sciences (FCS). The Research Resource Guide (RRG) was developed in response to that need; it provides comprehensive information on the research process for faculty to incorporate into undergraduate courses. The RRG comprises three levels: (a)…

  4. Evaluation of basic research in the context of mission orientation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenn L. Bryan

    1972-01-01

    Describes the procedures for selecting and monitoring basic research designs in the Office of Naval Research. Independent investigators submit unsolicited proposals, and selection decisions are largely based on the research priorities and resources of the sponsoring agency. The program director is a key figure in the decision to support a given proposal, and the coordination of scientific and Naval goals.

  5. Stem Cell Research: An Ethical Evaluation of Policy Options

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nikolaus Knoepffler

    2004-01-01

    In February 2004, South Korean researchers became the first in the world to successfully harvest stem cells and establish a stem cell line from a cloned human embryo. This is just one of eight possible policy options concern- ing human embryonic stem cell research. In practice, every kind of stem cell research can be done in one country or another.

  6. Collaboration in a Multidisciplinary, Distributed Research Organization: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duysburgh, Pieter; Naessens, Kris; Konings, Wim; Jacobs, An

    2012-01-01

    Collaboration has become a main characteristic of academic research today. New forms of research organizations, colaboratories, have come to the fore, with distributed research centres as their most complex example. In this study, we aim to provide some insight into the collaboration strategies of researchers in their daily researching activities…

  7. The Role of Ethnographic Interviewing in Climate Change Evaluation Research: Investigating Intended and Unintended program effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lloro-Bidart, T.

    2012-12-01

    Ethnographic interviewing is an under-utilized tool in climate change evaluation research, even though it has the potential to serve as a powerful method of data collection. The utility of the ethnographic interview lies in its ability to elicit responses from program participants describing what a program is in practice, shedding light on both intended and unintended program impacts. Drawing on evaluation work involving a federally-funded climate change grant at the University of California, Riverside, I will discuss how to design an ethnographic interview protocol in an effort to share "best practices" with other climate change evaluators. Particular attention will be given to applying ethnographic approaches to various program types, even those differing from the one discussed. I will share some of the concrete findings from my work on this grant, to serve as examples of the kinds of data evaluators can collect when employing an ethnographic approach to interviewing. UC Riverside's climate change grant is multi-faceted, however the component studied ethnographically was a science fair mentoring program. About twenty K-12 students from high poverty, ethnically diverse schools who expressed an interest in participating in science fair were paired up with graduate student mentors to simultaneously research climate change and design authentic science fair projects to compete at various levels. Since one of the stated goals of the grant is to "stimulate…students to consider climate science as a career track through experiential education activities" I was particularly interested in how student experiences with the project might differ from school science which has historically "pushed out" ethnically diverse students like those in many of Riverside's schools. (In the program students are able to interact one-on-one with a mentor and in school settings there is typically one teacher for more than thirty students). I also sought to understand student perceptions of the project design and implementation and how these perceptions might influence their thinking about science as a career. Further, I aimed to explore how mentor pedagogical philosophies might impact student experiences with the projects, since the scholarly literature supports the idea that teaching practices are linked to student success and interest in science. The key to ethnographic interviewing, which sets it apart from survey research and other interviewing styles is that the evaluator or researcher designs guided, yet open-ended questions, allowing informants to discuss what is important to them. This type of questioning affords the researcher the opportunity to ascertain whether or not the grant met some of its intended goals and impacts, while simultaneously granting participants the freedom to discuss unintended impacts not anticipated by the principal investigator and evaluator.

  8. Research Performed within the Non-Destructive Evaluation Team at NASA Glenn Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burns, Erin A.

    2004-01-01

    Non-destructive testing is essential in many fields of manufacturing and research in order to perform reliable examination of potentially damaged materials and parts without destroying the inherent structure of the materials. Thus, the Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) Team at NASA Glenn Research Center partakes in various projects to improve materials testing equipment as well as analyze materials, material defects, and material deficiencies. Due to the array of projects within the NDE Team at this time, five research aims were supplemental to some current projects. A literature survey of "DE and testing methodologies as related to rocks was performed. Also, Mars Expedition Rover technology was assessed to understand the requirements for instrumentation in harsh space environments (e.g. temperature). Potential instrumentation and technologies were also considered and documented. The literature survey provided background and potential sources for a proposal to acquire funding for ultrasonic instrumentation on board a future Mars expedition. The laboratory uses a Santec Systems AcousticScope AS200 acoustography system. Labview code was written within the current program in order to improve the current performance of the acoustography system. A sample of Reinforced Carbon/Carbon (RCC) material from the leading edge of the space shuttle underwent various non-destructive tests (guided wave scanning, thermography, computed tomography, real time x-ray, etc.) in order to characterize its structure and examine possible defects. Guided wave scan data of a ceramic matrix composite (CMC) panel was reanalyzed utilizing image correlations and signal processing variables. Additional guided wave scans and thermography were also performed on the CMC panel. These reevaluated data and images will be used in future presentations and publications. An additional axis for the guided wave scanner was designed, constructed, and implemented. This additional axis allowed incremental spacing of the previously fixed transducers for ultrasonic velocity measurements.

  9. An Empirical Study to Evaluate the Location of Advertisement Panels by Using a Mobile Marketing Tool

    E-print Network

    Maron, Markus

    An Empirical Study to Evaluate the Location of Advertisement Panels by Using a Mobile Marketing year on mobile advertisement and marketing. A study conducted by ABI Research [1] predicted a market intelligence systems. In section 3 we define terms relevant to mobile marketing and we provide a study

  10. International Evaluation Studies of Second Step, a Primary Prevention Programme: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schick, Andreas; Cierpka, Manfred

    2013-01-01

    Second Step is a social-emotional, skill-based, violence-prevention programme, which has been adapted for several European countries. The various versions of the programme (for kindergarten/preschool, elementary school, middle school) have been evaluated in a series of research studies. The outcomes and study designs of these studies are reported…

  11. PROJECT LASER - LONGITUDINAL ADF STUDY EVALUATING RETENTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicole Barton

    Personnel retention and turnover behaviour have received much attention in both the civilian and military environments as employers contend with a competitive labour market and the challenges of skill shortages and changing population demographics. To improve current personnel research in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and subsequently, the quality of retention initiatives, a longitudinal research program based on a customized

  12. [Strengthening the methodology of study designs in scientific researches].

    PubMed

    Ren, Ze-qin

    2010-06-01

    Many problems in study designs have affected the validity of scientific researches seriously. We must understand the methodology of research, especially clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, and recognize the urgency in selection and implement of right study design. Thereafter we can promote the research capability and improve the overall quality of scientific researches. PMID:21055190

  13. 34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

  14. 34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

  15. Development of a School Nursing Research Agenda in Florida: A Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Shirley C.; Barry, Charlotte D.

    2006-01-01

    Research is important to the image, visibility, and viability of school nursing. Each state school nursing association should evaluate member commitment to school nursing research based on their unique set of financial, educational, and organizational resources. A 3-round Delphi study was conducted in which Florida school nurses identified…

  16. Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic. PMID:23335488

  17. A Reflective Journey! Why the Study of Teacher Evaluation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidu, Sham

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the author's reflection on his experiences of teacher evaluation implemented in South Africa and his interest in researching this contentious topic in South Australia. He is of the opinion that his research will serve as a source of knowledge generation to teachers with respect to: a) "greater personal, professional and…

  18. Some Recent Advances and Research in Vocational Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania Rehabilitation Center, Johnstown.

    The proceedings include five papers from a seminar designed to train rehabilitation personnel in the procedures, theories, and aims of work evaluation. Morton H. Bregman discusses the use of vocational evaluation in the counseling process; Henry Cobb describes methods of predicting vocational adjustment in the mentally retarded; and John Campbell…

  19. Outcome measurement in forensic mental health research: an evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jenny Yiend; Jemma C. Chambers; Tom Burns; Helen Doll; Seena Fazel; Asha Kaur; Lesley Sutton; Ray Fitzpatrick

    2011-01-01

    Measuring change resulting from healthcare interventions is critical to evaluating their usefulness. The choice of outcome measure is an important part of such evaluations and is driven by assumptions about what is likely to change and how best to capture this. Despite its importance, forensic mental health has paid little attention to determining which are the best measures of outcome.

  20. A framework for evaluating eHealth research

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Health care is in the midst of a consumer-oriented technology explosion. Individuals of all ages and backgrounds have discovered eHealth. But the challenges of implementing and evaluating eHealth are just beginning to surface, and, as technology changes, new challenges emerge. Evaluation is critical...

  1. Teacher Performance Evaluation--Practical Application of Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manatt, Richard P.

    Described in this article are the Teacher Performance Evaluation materials and techniques that are part of the School Improvement Model project, which endeavors to improve teacher and administrator performance with the ultimate goal of improved student learning. According to the author, this project utilizes new teacher evaluation technology…

  2. Evaluation and Research on Green Strength of Reverse Logistics System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheng Zeng; Wei Yu

    2009-01-01

    Based on characteristics of reverse logistics system and combined with the concept of green manufacturing and design, in this paper, the concept of green strength is put forward, the evaluation index system of green strength of reverse logistics is established, and green strength of reverse logistics is comprehensively evaluated by means of two-level fuzzy analytic hierarchy process, which has a

  3. The National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs. Review of Research: Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

    Findings of a review of research pertaining to federally subsidized school nutrition programs are presented in this report. The review of research, the first phase of the National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs, is intended to provide guidance for the design of subsequent evaluation (including student, parent, and food administrator…

  4. Principles and Practice of Clinical Research course for surgeons: an evaluation of knowledge transfer and perceptions

    PubMed Central

    Sprague, Sheila; Pozdniakova, Polina; Kaempffer, Elizabeth; Saccone, Michel; Schemitsch, Emil H.; Bhandari, Mohit

    2012-01-01

    Background Knowledge and training in evidence-based medicine (EBM) and clinical research is under-represented in most surgical training programs in North America. To address a lack of resources for surgeons, trainees and related specialties, we developed a Principles and Practice of Clinical Research (PPCR) course. The current study evaluated transfer of knowledge and perceptions about the course. Methods The course was an intensive 2.5-day workshop consisting of interactive lectures and small group breakout sessions. Pre- and postcourse tests were completed by participants. The Fresno test, questions from the Centre of Applied Medical Statistics (CAMS) test and questions developed by the course chairs were used to determine if participants’ knowledge of EBM, clinical research methodology and statistics improved. We also elicited participant perceptions of the course. Results Overall participant knowledge about EBM and clinical research methods improved significantly from the pre- to the postcourse test (mean improvement in score 13.5%, relative increase 35.3%, p < 0.001). Specifically, improvements were demonstrated on the Fresno test (mean improvement 13.5%, relative increase 36.1%, p < 0.001) and the CAMS test (mean improvement 11.4%, relative increase 20.1%, p = 0.001). Participants showed the greatest improvement in general knowledge about clinical research (mean improvement 15.4%, relative increase 46.5%, p < 0.001). The PPCR course was well received; 30 (81.1%) participants who completed the course evaluation gave it a positive rating. Conclusion Participants in a short course focusing on EBM and clinical research methodology had significant improvements in scores on tests of knowledge gained. Widespread implementation of similar courses may bridge knowledge gaps for surgeons, surgical trainees and health professionals. Whether shorter knowledge gains are retained in the longer term remains unknown. PMID:22269302

  5. Usability evaluation: results from "Evaluation of mobile information technology to improve nurses' access to and use of research evidence".

    PubMed

    Di Pietro, Tammie Leigh; Nguyen, Ha; Doran, Diane M

    2012-08-01

    Usability evaluations are necessary to determine the feasibility of nurses' interactions with computerized clinical decision-support systems. Limitations and challenges of operations that inhibit or facilitate utilization in clinical practice can be identified. This study provided nurses with mobile information terminals, PDAs and tablet PCs, to improve point-of-care access to information. The purpose of this study was to determine usability issues associated with point-of-care technology. Eleven nurses were self-selected. Nurses were videotaped and audiotaped completing four tasks, including setting up the device and three resource search exercises. A research team member completed a usability checklist. Completion times for each task, success rate, and challenges experienced were documented. Four participants completed all tasks, with an average time of 3 minutes 22 seconds. Three participants were unable to complete any of the three tasks. Navigating within resources caused the greatest occurrence of deviations with 39 issues among all participants. Results of the usability evaluation suggest that nurses require a device that (1) is manageable to navigate and (2) utilizes a user-friendly interface, such as a one-time log-in system. Usability testing can be helpful to organizations as they document issues to be cognizant of during the implementation process, increasing the potential for successful implementation and sustained usability. PMID:22425993

  6. Principal Evaluation and Student Achievement: A Study of Public Elementary Schools in Dupage, Will, and Lake Counties, Illinois

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward John Condon

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the topic of the evaluation of school principals and the role it plays in fostering student achievement. The overarching research question for this study was the following: \\

  7. BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1993

    EPA Science Inventory

    The proceedings of the 1993 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in Dallas, Texas The symposium was the sixth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducts (by EPA's Biosystems Technology Dev...

  8. Evaluating the High School Lunar Research Projects Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaner, A. J.; Shupla, C.; Shipp, S.; Allen, J.; Kring, D. A.

    2013-01-01

    The Center for Lunar Science and Exploration (CLSE), a collaboration between the Lunar and Planetary Institute and NASA s Johnson Space Center, is one of seven member teams of the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI). In addition to research and exploration activities, the CLSE team is deeply invested in education and outreach. In support of NASA s and NLSI s objective to train the next generation of scientists, CLSE s High School Lunar Research Projects program is a conduit through which high school students can actively participate in lunar science and learn about pathways into scientific careers. The objectives of the program are to enhance 1) student views of the nature of science; 2) student attitudes toward science and science careers; and 3) student knowledge of lunar science. In its first three years, approximately 168 students and 28 teachers from across the United States have participated in the program. Before beginning their research, students undertake Moon 101, a guided-inquiry activity designed to familiarize them with lunar science and exploration. Following Moon 101, and guided by a lunar scientist mentor, teams choose a research topic, ask their own research question, and design their own research approach to direct their investigation. At the conclusion of their research, teams present their results to a panel of lunar scientists. This panel selects four posters to be presented at the annual Lunar Science Forum held at NASA Ames. The top scoring team travels to the forum to present their research in person.

  9. Women's Erotic Rape Fantasies: An Evaluation of Theory and Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph W. Critelli; Jenny M. Bivona

    2008-01-01

    This article is the first systematic review of the research literature on women's rape fantasies. Current research indicates that between 31% and 57% of women have fantasies in which they are forced into sex against their will, and for 9% to 17% of women these are a frequent or favorite fantasy experience. Erotic rape fantasies are paradoxical: they do not

  10. Evaluating Rigor in Qualitative Methodology and Research Dissemination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trainor, Audrey A.; Graue, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Despite previous and successful attempts to outline general criteria for rigor, researchers in special education have debated the application of rigor criteria, the significance or importance of small n research, the purpose of interpretivist approaches, and the generalizability of qualitative empirical results. Adding to these complications, the…

  11. Research on Liquidity Risk Evaluation of Chinese A-Shares Market Based on Extension Theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai-Qing, Sun; Peng-Xiang, Liu; Lin, Zhang; Yan-Ge, Li

    This research defines the liquidity risk of stock market in matter-element theory and affair-element theory, establishes the indicator system of the forewarning for liquidity risks,designs the model and the process of early warning using the extension set method, extension dependent function and the comprehensive evaluation model. And the paper studies empirically A-shares market through the data of 1A0001, which prove that the model can better describe liquidity risk of China’s A-share market. At last, it gives the corresponding policy recommendations.

  12. Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies. Summaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suppes, Patrick, Ed.

    Significant cases of research in terms of their effect on school practices have been extensively documented by educational researchers. This booklet summarizes nine such studies, which are published in detail in a companion volume ("Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies"). These studies have a variety reasonably characteristic of…

  13. Recruitment to Intellectual Disability Research: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, L.; Colyer, M.; Cooper, S. -A.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Difficulties in the recruitment of adults with intellectual disability (ID) to research studies are well described but little studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the difficulties in recruiting to a specific research project, in order to inform future recruitment to ID research. Methods: Individual semi-structured…

  14. POLICIES GOVERNING RESEARCH AT THE SODA SPRINGS DESERT STUDIES CENTER

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    POLICIES GOVERNING RESEARCH AT THE SODA SPRINGS DESERT STUDIES CENTER Introduction. It is the policy of the Board of Governors of the California Desert Studies Consortium to encourage and facilitate research and research- related activities at the Desert Studies Center. In doing so, the Board implicitly

  15. Grant for Graduate Research in Women's and Gender Studies

    E-print Network

    Snider, Barry B.

    Grant for Graduate Research in Women's and Gender Studies This grant was established in 1986 by the Sagan family to recognize an outstanding research project in the field of Women's and Gender Studies and to students enrolled in the Women's and Gender Studies graduate program. Research may focus on any topic

  16. Evaluating radiographers' diagnostic accuracy in screen-reading mammograms: what constitutes a quality study?

    PubMed Central

    Debono, Josephine C; Poulos, Ann E

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The aim of this study was to first evaluate the quality of studies investigating the diagnostic accuracy of radiographers as mammogram screen-readers and then to develop an adapted tool for determining the quality of screen-reading studies. Methods A literature search was used to identify relevant studies and a quality evaluation tool constructed by combining the criteria for quality of Whiting, Rutjes, Dinnes et al. and Brealey and Westwood. This constructed tool was then applied to the studies and subsequently adapted specifically for use in evaluating quality in studies investigating diagnostic accuracy of screen-readers. Results Eleven studies were identified and the constructed tool applied to evaluate quality. This evaluation resulted in the identification of quality issues with the studies such as potential for bias, applicability of results, study conduct, reporting of the study and observer characteristics. An assessment of the applicability and relevance of the tool for this area of research resulted in adaptations to the criteria and the development of a tool specifically for evaluating diagnostic accuracy in screen-reading. Conclusions This tool, with further refinement and rigorous validation can make a significant contribution to promoting well-designed studies in this important area of research and practice.

  17. A thermal battery operational reliability evaluation study

    SciTech Connect

    Herzberg, M.; Jaeger, M.; Shalev, H. [Rafael, Haifa (Israel)

    1994-12-31

    A thermal battery is a one shot device. Its overall reliability is given as the product of its technical and operational reliability. This work evaluates operational reliability. The operational reliability for various performance requirements was estimated by analyzing data received from qualification tests of a certain thermal battery. A lower bound of its operational reliability was evaluated by use of the statistical tolerance method for each specific electrical performance requirement. A conservative overall lower bound for the operational reliability of the thermal battery was calculated as the product of the individual operational reliability estimates corresponding to each performance requirement.

  18. Lesson Study: Researching Learning about Teaching from Research Mathematics Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corcoran, Dolores

    2009-01-01

    Lesson study is a form of teacher professional development that is intrinsic to the Japanese educational system in first and second level schools and in teacher education. Lesson study has been credited with the success of Japanese pupils in international comparative tests of mathematics achievement (Stigler and Hiebert, 1999). It is gaining…

  19. Introduction Much effort and research has gone into solving the problem of evaluation of information

    E-print Network

    Jose, Joemon M.

    of evaluation of information retrieval systems. However, it is probably fair to say that most people active it or not depends on the individual user. It should be apparent now that in evaluating an information retrieval#12;Seven EVALUATION Introduction Much effort and research has gone into solving the problem

  20. Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations

    PubMed Central

    Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives With over 1 million children served by the U.S. Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of decision-analytic modeling to advance Child Welfare policy and practice. Methods The review included 19 repositories of peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed “gray” literatures, including items in English published before November, 2009. Original research articles were included if they evaluated interventions based on costs and outcomes. Review articles were included to assess the relevance of these techniques over time and to highlight the increasing discussion of methods needed to undertake such research. Items were categorized by their focus on: interventions for the U.S. Child Welfare system; primary prevention of entry into the system; and use of models to make long-term projections of costs and outcomes. Results Searches identified 2,640 articles, with 49 ultimately included (19 reviews and 30 original research articles). Between 1988 and 2009, reviews consistently advocated economic evaluation and increasingly provided methodological guidance. 21 of the original research articles focused on Child Welfare, while 9 focused on child mental health. Of the 21 Child Welfare articles, 81% (17) focused on the U.S. system. 47% (8/17) focused exclusively on primary prevention, though 83% of the U.S. system, peer-reviewed articles focused exclusively on prevention (5/6). 9 of the 17 articles included empirical follow-up (mean sample size: 264 individuals; mean follow-up: 3.8 years). 10 of the 17 articles used modeling to project longer-term outcomes, but 80% of the articles using modeling were not peer-reviewed. Although 60% of modeling studies included interventions for children in the system, all peer-reviewed modeling articles focused on prevention. Conclusions Methodological guidance for economic evaluations in Child Welfare is increasingly available. Such analyses are feasible given the availability of nationally-representative data on children involved with Child Welfare and evidence-based interventions. Practice Implications Policy analyses considering the long-term costs and effects of interventions to improve Child Welfare outcomes are scarce, feasible, and urgently needed. PMID:21944552

  1. A National Study of Research Universities: On the Balance between Research and Undergraduate Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Peter J.; And Others

    This study examined the relative importance of teaching and research at 33 public and 14 private research universities. In particular the study sought to understand the perceptions held by the study participants of the relative importance of teaching and research and to compare and contrast the perceptions of different groups within the university…

  2. Embedded Science: Critical Analysis of Abstinence-Only Evaluation Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara I. McClelland; Michelle Fine

    2008-01-01

    Since 1982, more than US$1 billion have been spent through federally sponsored abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs, including nearly $800 million between 2001 and 2006, during the presidency of George W. Bush. With this increased funding has come pressure to evaluate the impact of AOUM programs. In 1998, a federally funded evaluation of AOUM programming was commissioned to assess its impact on

  3. Process evaluation of complex interventions: Medical Research Council guidance

    E-print Network

    Moore, Graham F.; Audrey, Suzanne; Barker, Mary; Bond, Lyndal; Bonell, Chris; Hardeman, Wendy; Moore, Laurence; O’Cathain, Alicia; Tinati, Tannaze; Wight, Daniel; Baird, Janis

    2015-01-13

    New social and emotional skills curriculum and learning materials Action group decides priorities, oversees actions Reduced substance use and sexual risk Reduced truancy and school exclusions More students make healthier decisions Funding of £4000... to evaluating complex public health interventions. Soc Sci Med 2012;75:2299–306. 16 Shiell A, Hawe P, Gold L. Complex interventions or complex systems? Implications for health economic evaluation. BMJ 2008;336:1281–83. 17 Pawson R, Tilley N. Realistic...

  4. Intelligent land evaluation research based on Matlab and GIS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hua; Chen, Youchao; Huang, Haifeng; Wu, Hao

    2011-02-01

    Applying the neural network to the land evaluation, we can break through the limitations that the traditional approaches are impacted by the human factors. Back propagation neural network (BP neural network) was used to evaluate the land suitability of the Changling town of the Guangshui city, Hubei province, China. We first establish evaluation index system, these indexes include the soil contamination degree, the irrigation guaranteed rate, the drainage condition, the pH value, the organic matter content. Then we establish the BP neural network and use MatLab to write the code forming the network. The evaluation criteria were input the network to train it. Then the network performance was test until the network meets the requirements. The evaluation data of the Changling town was input as the vectors to the appropriate network which calculates to get output vectors. And the output vectors were transformed the evaluation levels that can be imported the ArcGIS software to create the land suitability assessment figure. We can draw the conclusion that the suitability for the paddy field of the unused land and the arable land is very high and the ChangLin town is suitable for the development of paddy field agriculture.

  5. Evaluating Teacher Education. 1975 CMTI Impact Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska Univ., Omaha. Teacher Corps Recruitment and Technical Resources Center.

    These technical papers examine alternative approaches to the evaluation of inservice and preservice training programs for Teacher Corps interns. The first paper explores the theoretical and practical consequences in conceptualizing teacher education as a socialization process. In the second, the suggestion is made that to understand the…

  6. Ground Penetrating Radar for Concrete Evaluation Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael D. Gehrig; Derek V. Morris; John T. Bryant

    Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a geophysical imaging technique used for subsurface exploration and monitoring. It is widely used within the forensic, engineering, geological, mining and archeological communities. GPR provides an ideal technique for concrete evaluation in that it has the highest resolution of any subsurface imaging, non-invasive method and is far safer than other method such as x-ray technology.

  7. A Recess Evaluation with the Players: Taking Steps Toward Participatory Action Research

    PubMed Central

    Ren, Julie Yunyi

    2010-01-01

    This playground study conceptualizes recess as a time and space that belongs to students; their inclusion in this evaluation is a notable difference from other recess/playground research. The goal was to help elementary school students make the changes they felt were needed on their playground. After conducting structured observations and student and recess aide focus groups, a report was presented to all stakeholders, and recess changes were made. We seek to show how the process of being inclusive during the evaluation was not only valuable for determining problem definition and potential interventions, but was also necessary to determine the best methods for solutions, move toward second-order change, and to create a space to facilitate children’s participation and empowerment. PMID:20544270

  8. A Diary Study Based Evaluation Framework for Mobile Information Retrieval

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Diary Study Based Evaluation Framework for Mobile Information Retrieval Ourdia Bouidghaghen, cedex 09 {bouidgha,tamine,bougha}@irit.fr Abstract. In this poster, we propose an evaluation framework that in- vestigates the integration of the user context (interests, location and time) into the evaluation

  9. Case study of nonlinear inverse problems: mammography and nondestructive evaluation

    E-print Network

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Case study of non­linear inverse problems: mammography and non­destructive evaluation O. Kosheleva such as faults in non­destructive evaluation or bumps in mammography. Non­linear terms (quadratic or cubic) give. Keywords: Non­linear inverse problem, non­linear data compression, non­destructive evaluation, mammography

  10. A pilot study for evaluating Arabic websites using automated WCAG 2.0 evaluation tools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hend S. Al-Khalifa; Maryam Al-Kanhal; Hailah Al-Nafisah; Noura Al-soukaih; Elaf Al-hussain; Moneerah Al-onzi

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, automatic WCAG 2.0 evaluation tools are increasing in numbers, however, there is little evidence of whether these tools are able to evaluate Arabic websites and provide reflective recommendations to improve their accessibility. To gain insight into this issue, we conducted a pilot study to evaluate a set of WCAG 2.0 tools and report on their results. We believe that

  11. The Role of Evaluation in Research-Practice Integration: Working toward the "Golden Spike"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urban, Jennifer Brown; Trochim, William

    2009-01-01

    Program evaluation and planning is at the heart of efforts to integrate the domains of practice and research. Traditionally, research and practice have operated in independent spheres with practitioners focused on the implementation of programs that affect individual behavior and researchers focused on the development and testing of theory.…

  12. Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shannon, Patrick; Kim, Wooksoo; Robinson, Adjoa

    2012-01-01

    In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one…

  13. The Research and Evaluation of Serious Games: Toward a Comprehensive Methodology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Igor; Bekebrede, Geertje; Harteveld, Casper; Warmelink, Harald; Zhou, Qiqi; van Ruijven, Theo; Lo, Julia; Kortmann, Rens; Wenzler, Ivo

    2014-01-01

    The authors present the methodological background to and underlying research design of an ongoing research project on the scientific evaluation of serious games and/or computer-based simulation games (SGs) for advanced learning. The main research questions are: (1) what are the requirements and design principles for a comprehensive social…

  14. Research Area B Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4

    E-print Network

    . Project Manager, Project Team, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 9 9 9 8.5 8.875 5. Target Research500-10-503 Research Area B Summary Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Weighted Areas ­ Different criteria will be used for different research areas as shown below: B. Monitoring

  15. Research Area D Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Scorer 5

    E-print Network

    . Project Manager, Project Team, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 6 7 7 7 7 6.8 5. Target Research, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 8 7 8 7 9 7.8 5. Target Research Areas ­ Different criteria500-10-503 Research Area D Summary Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Scorer 5

  16. Research Area C Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4

    E-print Network

    . Project Manager, Project Team, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 8 9 9 8.5 8.625 5. Target Research500-10-503 Research Area C Summary Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Weighted Areas ­ Different criteria will be used for different research areas as shown below: C. Thermal Energy

  17. Empirical evaluation of a domain-oriented component library based on an embedded case study design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masahiro Hori

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical evaluation of the real-life reuse of a domain-oriented library of problem-solving methods, in which top-level methods are related with respect to a domain model in an application area. First, the author clarifies research questions and the assumptions underlying this study, in accordance with a framework of case study research design. The organization of the library

  18. A FACULTY OFFICE STUDY. DESIGN AND EVALUATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CARPENTER, C.R.; AND OTHERS

    ASSUMING THAT ADEQUATE OFFICES FOR SERVING THE NEEDS OF FACULTY AND STAFF MEMBERS SHOULD BE PLANNED AND CONSTRUCTED AS INTEGRAL PARTS OF FACILITIES, RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED AND RESULTS REPORTED ON THE DESIGN OF A TWO-PERSON FACULTY AND/OR STAFF OFFICE. A FULL SCALE, PROTOTYPE MODEL WAS DEVELOPED FOR THE TWO-PERSON OFFICE AND TESTED FOR ECONOMICAL…

  19. Development of a New Multiplying Assembly for Research, Validation, Evaluation, and Learning

    SciTech Connect

    David L. Chichester

    2012-10-01

    A new multiplying test assembly is under development at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to support research, validation, evaluation, and learning. The item is comprised of two stacked highly-enriched uranium (HEU) cylinders each 11.4 cm in diameter and having a combined height of 8.4 cm. The combined mass is 14.4 kg of HEU. Calculations for the bare configuration of the assembly indicate a multiplication level of >2.5 (keff = 0.62). Reflected configurations of the assembly, using either polyethylene or tungsten, are possible and have the capability of raising its multiplication level to approximately 8. This paper will describe the MCNP calculations performed to assess the assembly's multiplication level under different conditions and describe the resource available at INL to support visiting researchers in their use of the material. We will also describe some preliminary calculations and test activities using the assembly to study neutron multiplicity.

  20. Evaluation of a Health Professionals’ Training Program to Conduct Research in New York City’s Asian American Community

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Pao San Lucy; Sim, Shao-Chee; Pong, Perry; Islam, Nadia; Trinh-Shevrin, Chau; Li, Shijian; Tsang, Thomas; Rey, Mariano

    2014-01-01

    Background Because health disparities among Asian Americans are understudied, a partnership program between the Charles B Wang Community Health Center and the Center for the Study of Asian American Health was created to increase awareness and interest in Asian American research. Purpose To evaluate the process, outcome, and impact of a health professionals’ research training program. Methods Mixed research methods were employed to collect data from online surveys administered to mentors and trainees of the program. Results Although many trainees did not continue to pursue Asian American health disparities research, results indicate that the program has positive impacts on trainees in their preparedness to conduct CBPR, work within the Asian American community, and network with public health professionals and researchers. Discussion This evaluation adds to the current literature of research training programs but more research on Asian American health disparities is needed. Translation to Health Education Practice Although the program has helped raise awareness in Asian American health disparities research, more Asian American specific research training programs are needed to stimulate a true generation of researchers. PMID:24977241

  1. Establishing a Research Agenda for Art Therapy: A Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Donna; Deaver, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Art therapy in the United States is a young profession that would benefit from an identified research agenda to marshal resources more effectively to address gaps in the knowledge base. This article describes a Delphi study of U.S. art therapy researchers who were surveyed on research priorities for the profession. The research panelists were…

  2. [Study on methodology for evaluating clinical efficacy of traditional Tibetan medicine].

    PubMed

    Luo, Hui; Zhong, Ge-Jia

    2015-01-01

    The evaluation on clinical efficacy of traditional Tibetan medicine (TTM) is an important scientific subject during the development of TTM. Firstly, the authors introduced the current situations and problems in evaluation on clinical efficacy of traditional Tibetan medicine both at home and abroad in this study. Secondly, they compared the similarities and differences between TTM and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in evaluation on clinical efficacy, define their differences in details but not in nature, and proposed that TTM could selectively learn TCM's experiences in clinical research and build a specific methodology system for evaluation on clinical efficacy according to its own characteristics. Thirdly, they discussed the methodological challenges in evaluation on clinical efficacy of TTM, including the pending clinical research guidelines and disease diagnosis standards according to its own characteristics. Finally, they propound some suggestions for promoting the evaluation on clinical efficacy of TTM, including the comprehensive application of multiple research methods, overall research-based evaluation on efficacy of TTM complex intervention and selection of accepted and objective outcome indexes for efficacy evaluation. PMID:25993807

  3. Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Systematic Evaluation of Research Capacity in Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Okorie, Patricia N.; Bockarie, Moses J.; Molyneux, David H.; Kelly-Hope, Louise A.

    2014-01-01

    Background Nigeria carries the highest burden and diversity of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in sub-Saharan Africa and is preparing to scale up its efforts to control/eliminate these diseases. To achieve this it will require a range of internal technical support and expertise for mapping, monitoring and evaluating, operational research and documenting its success. In order to begin to evaluate this potential in Nigeria, this study collated and analysed information for lymphatic filariasis (LF), onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths (STH), which are currently being targeted with preventive chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA). Methodology/Principal Findings Information from 299 scientific articles published on the selected NTDs in 179 journals between January 2008 and September 2013 was extracted and systematically compiled into a geo-referenced database for analysis and mapping. The highest number of articles was from the southern geo-political zones of the country. The majority of articles focused on one specific disease, and schistosomiasis and STH were found to have the highest and most wide ranging research output. The main type of study was parasitological, and the least was biotechnological. Nigerian authors were mostly affiliated with universities, and there was a wide range of international co-authors from Africa and other regions, especially the USA and UK. The majority of articles were published in journals with no known impact factor. Conclusions/Significance The extensive database and series of maps on the research capacity within Nigeria produced in this study highlights the current potential that exists, and needs to be fully maximized for the control/elimination of NTDs in the country. This study provides an important model approach that can be applied to other low and middle income countries where NTDs are endemic, and NTD programmes require support from the expertise within their own country, as well as internationally, to help raise their profile and importance. PMID:25121582

  4. Special Feature: Epistemological Paradigms in Evaluation: Implications for Practice. Section 3: "Paradigm Complementarity" Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamis-Gould, Edna; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Three studies are presented, which illustrate situations in which researchers and funders agreed on the primacy of either the experimental or pragmatic paradigms but acknowledged a role for the other. The studies involved evaluations of mental health care, information systems, and a curriculum for behavioral and academic dysfunction. (SLD)

  5. Evaluative criteria for sleepwear: a study of privately consumed product in the People's Republic of China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Osmud Rahman; Jiang Yan; Wing-sun Liu

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore and investigate Chinese male consumers' perceptions and behaviours towards low involvement and privately consumed product – pyjamas. According to our literature review, little research has been devoted to this particular topic. In this study, multiple product cues were used to measure and uncover what constitute consumers' evaluation and purchase decisions. The questionnaire

  6. How Important Are Items on a Student Evaluation? A Study of Item Salience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hills, Stacey Barlow; Naegle, Natali; Bartkus, Kenneth R.

    2009-01-01

    Although student evaluations of teaching (SETs) have been the subject of numerous research studies, the salience of SET items to students has not been examined. In the present study, the authors surveyed 484 students from a large public university. The authors suggest that not all items are viewed equally and that measures of item salience can…

  7. A Second Year Evaluation Study of Promethean ActivClassroom. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marzano, Robert J.; Haystead, Mark W.

    2010-01-01

    During the 2009-2010 school year, Marzano Research Laboratory (MRL) was commissioned by Promethean Ltd. to conduct a second year evaluation study of the effects of Promethean ActivClassroom on student academic achievement. This report describes the findings from the second year study along with aggregate findings from the first and second year…

  8. Evaluation Study of the Effects of Promethean ActivClassroom on Student Achievement. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marzano, Robert J.; Haystead, Mark W.

    2009-01-01

    During the 2009-2010 school year, Marzano Research Laboratory (MRL) was commissioned by Promethean Ltd. to conduct a second year evaluation study of the effects of Promethean ActivClassroom on student academic achievement. This report describes the findings from the second year study along with aggregate findings from the first and second year…

  9. Evaluation in the Context of the Government Market Place: Implications for the Evaluation of Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Della-Piana, Connie Kubo; Della-Piana, Gabriel M.

    2007-01-01

    While the current debate in the evaluation community has concentrated on examining and explicating implications of the choice of methods for evaluating federal programs, the authors of this paper address the challenges faced by the government in the selection of funding mechanisms for supporting program evaluation efforts. The choice of funding…

  10. Occupational Education Research Project. A Model for Evaluation of Placement Testing in the North Carolina Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tripp, John D.; Todd, Anne H.

    A project was conducted to develop a model for evaluating placement testing in the North Carolina System of Community Colleges. Researchers at Central Piedmont Community College conducted a longitudinal study of students' progress through the college curriculum as it related to placement test scores. The following numbers of students comprised the…

  11. Pushing the Boundaries of Education: Evaluating the Impact of Research-Based Social Service Programs with Educational Performance Indicators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neace, William P.; Munoz, Marco A.; Olson-Allen, Susan; Weber, John; Johnson, Knowlton

    This paper presents a family of studies associated with a large-scale evaluation conducted to assess the impact of research-based models and promising strategies on non-cognitive and cognitive school indicators. In a partnership between community-based organizations and a large urban public school district, project SHIELD provided services to…

  12. A Pilot Program in Collaboration with African American Churches Successfully Increases Awareness of the Importance of Cancer Research and Participation in Cancer Translational Research Studies among African Americans

    PubMed Central

    Albertie, Monica; Lesperance, Mary; Weis, Jennifer A.; Coles, Alton; Smith, Nina; Mills, Lynette; Woodward, Timothy; Aspitia, Alvaro Moreno; Vishnu, Prakash; Willis, Floyd; Isley, Amber; Fonseca, Rafael; Vachon, Celine; Rajkumar, S. Vincent

    2013-01-01

    African Americans are underrepresented in cancer research. We evaluate whether collaboration with African American churches can improve cancer awareness and increase participation in translational research protocols among African Americans. From February to April 2010, the Mayo Clinic partnered with African American Jacksonville churches to provide educational programs focused on cancer research and healthy behaviors. Education on multiple myeloma and on-site access to a translational cancer research pilot project evaluating the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathies and t(14,18) in African Americans was offered. Seventy-four percent, 236 out of 318 participants, returned the questionnaires. The majority of participants had never received information on multiple myeloma (67%), had never received clinical research study information (57%), and were enrolled in the translational research studies (55%). Partnerships with African American churches in community education projects that bring research to church venues are effective in improving cancer awareness and in increasing research participation among African Americans. PMID:22072126

  13. A pilot program in collaboration with African American churches successfully increases awareness of the importance of cancer research and participation in cancer translational research studies among African Americans.

    PubMed

    Colon-Otero, Gerardo; Albertie, Monica; Lesperance, Mary; Weis, Jennifer A; Coles, Alton; Smith, Nina; Mills, Lynette; Woodward, Timothy; Aspitia, Alvaro Moreno; Vishnu, Prakash; Willis, Floyd; Isley, Amber; Fonseca, Rafael; Vachon, Celine; Rajkumar, S Vincent

    2012-06-01

    African Americans are underrepresented in cancer research. We evaluate whether collaboration with African American churches can improve cancer awareness and increase participation in translational research protocols among African Americans. From February to April 2010, the Mayo Clinic partnered with African American Jacksonville churches to provide educational programs focused on cancer research and healthy behaviors. Education on multiple myeloma and on-site access to a translational cancer research pilot project evaluating the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathies and t(14,18) in African Americans was offered. Seventy-four percent, 236 out of 318 participants, returned the questionnaires. The majority of participants had never received information on multiple myeloma (67%), had never received clinical research study information (57%), and were enrolled in the translational research studies (55%). Partnerships with African American churches in community education projects that bring research to church venues are effective in improving cancer awareness and in increasing research participation among African Americans. PMID:22072126

  14. Delaware Sea Grant Research: Coastal Ocean Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website reviews research projects funded by the Delaware Sea Grant, which focus on improving the scientific basis for assessing and managing the response of coastal waters and watersheds to human impacts. The website describes five projects, one of which examines the harmful algae Chattonella. A description of this University of Delaware research project is provided, which is focused on investigating the potential roles of photobiology, nutrient utilization, and biological controls.

  15. The case for case studies in management research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Patton; Steven H. Appelbaum

    2003-01-01

    It is commonly asserted that qualitative research in the organizational sciences lacks the rigor and objectivity of the quantitative approach. Case studies, while commonly used for educational purposes, have been viewed in a less favorable light in terms of research. This paper suggests that case studies represent an important research track in organizational science, not only as a method of

  16. Critic evaluation of arterial hypertension studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol Davila

    Arterial hypertension is the most frequent important disease in adult. In children, its incidence is smaller than in adult, but remains important by diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic consequences. This study compares the results of the children arterial hypertension studies in Romania, regarding prevalence. There are 10 studies confronted, published in Romanian journals in the last 33 years. We analyzed the

  17. Research Approach for Aging and Evaluating Diesel Exhaust catalysts

    SciTech Connect

    Wayne, Scott

    2000-08-20

    To determine the impact of diesel fuel sulfur levels on emissions control devices that could lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and particulate matter (PM) from on-highway trucks and buses in the 2002-2004 model years. West Virginia University is evaluating: - Diesel Oxidation Catalysts - Lean NOX Catalysts

  18. The use of questionnaires in safety culture research – an evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank W. Guldenmund

    2007-01-01

    Questionnaires have not been particularly successful in exposing the core of an organisational safety culture. This is clear both from the factors found and the relations between these and safety indicators. The factors primarily seem to denote an overall evaluation of management, which does not say much about cultural basic assumptions. In addition, methodology requires that levels of theory and

  19. Research and Application of Urban Traffic Congestion Evaluation System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jia Hongfei; Tan Yunlong; Fu Xiaoyan

    2010-01-01

    Based on the massive floating car data and traffic flow detector data of intelligent movement platform, the average travel speed, the average delay per unit distance and the saturation of road sections are selected to build traffic congestion evaluation system. The accuracy of floating car data is validated with field observations of the typical roads in Guangzhou, the validation result

  20. Evaluation of Eco Schools Scotland. SCRE Research Report No. 124

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pirrie, Anne; Elliot, Dely; McConnell, Fraser; Wilkinson, J. Eric

    2006-01-01

    In October 2005, Keep Scotland Beautiful commissioned the SCRE Centre at the University of Glasgow to undertake an evaluation of the Eco Schools Programme in Scotland. Eco Schools is a programme for environmental management, certification and sustainable development education. It is an international programme that was developed in 1994 in response…

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATIONS. SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS RESEARCH PUBLICATION NO. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LARSON, C. THEODORE

    A COLLECTION OF SIX TECHNICAL PAPERS REPRESENTING AN ATTEMPT TO SUMMARIZE AND EVALUATE THE PRESENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING THE VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS AFFECTING HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN GENERAL, AND LEARNING IN PARTICULAR. THE FIRST CONCERNS THE INTERACTIONS OF MAN AND HIS ENVIRONMENT. THE SECOND RELATES TO SPACE AS A COMPONENT OF…

  2. Research on testing for security evaluation for port crane

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiangnan Zhou; Hanbin Xiao

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid development of Chinese ports, the automation of port crane is improving all the time, which makes higher request on safety performance of port crane. Practice has proved that security evaluation based on testing with related theory analysis is practical and effective. This article takes portal crane as an example to introduce the testing for metal structure of

  3. Broadening participation in Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs: an evaluation of the team research model for undergraduate research experiences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berthelote, A. R.; Geraghty Ward, E. M.; Dalbotten, D. M.

    2014-12-01

    The REU site on sustainable land and water resources has a goal of broadening participation in the geosciences by underrepresented groups and particularly Native American students. We are evaluating modifications to the traditional REU model in order to better support these students. First, we review a team research model for REU students, where students are placed on teams and work together in peer groups supported by a team of mentors. Second, the REU takes place in locations that have high populations of Native American students to remove barriers to participation for non-traditional students. Finally, the teams do research on issues related to local concerns with cultural focus. Traditional REU models (1 faculty to 1 student/on campus) have been shown to be effective in supporting student movement into graduate programs but often fail to attract a diverse group of candidates. In addition, they rely for success on the relationship between faculty and student, which can often be undermined by unrealistic expectations on the part of the student about the mentor relationship, and can be exacerbated by cultural misunderstanding, conflicting discourse, or students' personal or family issues. At this REU site, peer mentorship and support plays a large role. Students work together to select their research question, follow the project to completion and present the results. Students from both native and non-native backgrounds learn about the culture of the partner reservations and work on a project that is of immediate local concern. The REU also teaches students protocols for working on Native American lands that support good relations between reservation and University. Analysis of participant data gathered from surveys and interview over the course of our 3-year program indicates that the team approach is successful. Students noted that collaborating with other teams was rewarding and mentors reported positively about their roles in providing guidance for the student's future plans. While there are still challenges to this approach (e.g. optimal team size and structure, interpersonal conflicts among team members, geographically dispersed teams), the model has proven effective in recruiting and retaining students from culturally, geographically, and economically diverse backgrounds.

  4. Engagement in Authentic Geoscience Research: Evaluation of Research Experiences of Undergraduates and Secondary Teachers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Olga Jarrett

    2003-01-01

    This article examines the effects of a program involving authentic research on the participants' interest in research, career plans, and attitudes on science. The findings are from the first year of a three-year program funded by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. In three out of four projects, participants increased their interest in research, with two-thirds planning to change career plans to become more research-oriented. The implications of these findings for providing authentic research opportunities are discussed.

  5. DOE ARM Climate Research Facility - Providing Research Quality Data Products for Climate Model Evaluation and Advancement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voyles, J.; Mather, J. H.

    2012-12-01

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, a DOE national scientific user facility, has recently enhanced its observational capabilities at its fixed and mobile sites as well as its aerial facility. New capabilities include scanning radars, several types of lidars, an array of aerosol instruments, and in situ cloud probes. All ARM sites have been equipped with dual frequency scanning cloud radars that will provide three-dimensional observations of cloud fields for analysis of cloud field evolution. Sites in Oklahoma, Alaska, and Papua New Guinea have also received scanning centimeter wavelength radars for observing precipitation fields. This combination of radars will provide the means to study the interaction of clouds and precipitation. New lidars include a Raman lidar in Darwin, Australia and High Spectral Resolution Lidars in Barrow and with the second ARM Mobile Facility. Each of these lidars will provide profiles of aerosol extinction while the Raman will also measure profiles of water vapor. Scanning Doppler Lidars have been added to our Southern Great Plains, Darwin, and our first Mobile Facility. ARM has also expanded its capabilities in the realm of aerosol observations. ARM is adding Aerosol Observing Systems to its sites in Darwin and the second mobile facility. These aerosol systems principally provided measurements of aerosol optical properties. Additionally, a new Mobile Aerosol Observing System has been developed that includes a variety of instruments to provide information about aerosol chemistry and size distributions. Many of these aerosol instruments are also available for the ARM Aerial Facility. The Aerial Facility also now includes a variety of cloud probes for measuring size distribution and water content. Building on these new capabilities, ARM is adding two new research sites based on our expanded observational strategy and multidimensional measurements. A permanent research site will be added in the Azores and a third Mobile Facility will be deployed at Oliktok Point, Alaska. The new array of ARM instruments and sites are intended to build upon the existing ARM capabilities to better study the interactions among aerosol, clouds, and precipitation. Data from these instruments are now available and the development of advanced data products is underway.

  6. An evaluation of human factors research for ultrasonic inservice inspection

    SciTech Connect

    Pond, D.J.; Donohoo, D.T.; Harris, R.V. Jr.

    1998-03-01

    This work was undertaken to determine if human factors research has yielded information applicable to upgrading requirements in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, improving methods and techniques in Section V, and/or suggesting relevant research. A preference was established for information and recommendations which have become accepted and standard practice. Manual Ultrasonic Testing/Inservice Inspection (UT/ISI) is a complex task subject to influence by dozens of variables. This review frequently revealed equivocal findings regarding effects of environmental variables as well as repeated indications that inspection performance may be more, and more reliably, influenced by the workers` social environment, including managerial practices, than by other situational variables. Also of significance are each inspector`s relevant knowledge, skills, and abilities, and determination of these is seen as a necessary first step in upgrading requirements, methods, and techniques as well as in focusing research in support of such programs, While understanding the effects and mediating mechanisms of the variables impacting inspection performance is a worthwhile pursuit for researchers, initial improvements in industrial UTASI performance may be achieved by implementing practices already known to mitigate the effects of potentially adverse conditions. 52 refs., 2 tabs.

  7. Evaluating Children's Use of Symbol in Some Recent Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moriarty, M. Wyn

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores a number of examples of what appeared to be recurring symbolic expressions of spirituality found in my recent research into the spiritual experiences of children in Victorian State primary schools. These expressions appeared in drawings and in conversation. In this paper I use hermeneutic phenomenology and a multidisciplinary…

  8. Longitudinal Measurement Models in Evaluation Research: Examining Stability and Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pitts, Steven C.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    An introduction is provided to the use of confirmatory factor analysis to test measurement invariance and stability in longitudinal research. The approach is illustrated through examples representing one or two constructs in one to three measurement waves. Basic issues in establishing measurement invariance are discussed. (SLD)

  9. An Integrated Model for Counseling Research, Education and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepyne, Edward W.

    A research and development model--the Counselor Repertoire Development (CRD) System--in counselor education is proposed which would provide systematic procedures for providing trainees with a variety of empirically validated, appropriately sequenced learning experiences for the achievement of operationally defined performance objectives. The model…

  10. An Evaluation of Research Students' Writing Support Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Mahony, Barry; Verezub, Elena; Dalrymple, John; Bertone, Santina

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Achieving quality standards in postgraduate education, particularly among Higher Degree by Research (HDR) students, can be challenging. In addition to the diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of these students, thesis writing frequently involves the development of new skills associated with the comprehension of a large volume of…

  11. ENGINEERING EVALUATION STUDIES HEAVY WATER MODERATED POWER REACTOR PLANTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. A. Chittenden; G. F. Hoveke

    1961-01-01

    Engineering evaluation studies focused on heavy water moderated power ; reactor technology are discussed. Stainless steel, carbon steel, and Zircaloy-2 ; corrosion data are presented. Water treatment and corrosion product deposition ; are described. A study aimed at evaluating the effect of incorporating alternate ; low cost materials into a full-scale boiling DâO direct cycle power reactor ; plant was

  12. Using Abductive Research Logic: "The Logic of Discovery", to Construct a Rigorous Explanation of Amorphous Evaluation Findings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin-Rozalis, Miri

    2010-01-01

    Background: Two kinds of research logic prevail in scientific research: deductive research logic and inductive research logic. However, both fail in the field of evaluation, especially evaluation conducted in unfamiliar environments. Purpose: In this article I wish to suggest the application of a research logic--"abduction"--"the logic of…

  13. Methodology for developing a multi-center clinical research study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Sienko Thomas; C. E. Buckon; B. S. Russman; J. D. Ackman

    2000-01-01

    Multi-center research designs enhance patient recruitment, facilitate timely completion of the study and increase the generalizability of the study results. To establish a multi-center research project meticulous attention should be given to the study design, data quality, and coordination of participating centers. This paper outlines the background, and details the steps that we took to develop a multi-center research study

  14. Transversal Traits in Science Education Research Relevant for Teaching and Research: A Meta-Interpretative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopes, J. Bernardino; Silva, Antonio Alberto; Cravino, Jose P.; Costa, Nilza; Marques, Luis; Campos, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    This study is a meta-interpretative analysis that focuses on research conducted and published by other researchers. Concepts central to this study include global practical relevance, curriculum design, and formative situation. We analyzed 35 studies selected from 374 published studies in the years 2000 and 2001 in three journals referenced in the…

  15. User-centered evaluation of information: a research challenge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daphne R. Raban

    2007-01-01

    Purpose - This paper sets out to present the concept of the value of information, review the descriptive, rational, social and behavioral approaches for assessing the value of information, and explain why user-centered rather than information-centered evaluations are the most relevant. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The paper starts by highlighting the main facets and market characteristics which influence the value of information.

  16. A Review of Forest Carbon Sequestration Cost Studies: A Dozen Years of Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth R. Richards; Carrie Stokes

    2004-01-01

    Researchers have been analyzing the costs of carbon sequestration for approximately twelve years. The purpose of this paper is to critically review the carbon sequestration cost studies of the past dozen years that have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the forestry option. Several conclusions emerge. While carbon sequestration cost studies all contain essentially the same components they are not comparable on

  17. Diagnosing autism in neurobiological research studies

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Rebecca M.; Lord, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is by definition a complex and heterogeneous disorder. Variation in factors such as developmental level, language ability and IQ further complicate the presentation of symptoms. Clinical research and basic science must continue to inform each other’s questions to help address the heterogeneity inherent to the disorder. This review uses a clinical perspective to outline the common tools and best practices for diagnosing and characterizing ASD in a research setting. We discuss considerations for classifying research populations, including language ability and IQ and examine the advantages and disadvantages of different psychometric measurements. Ultimately, the contribution of multiple sources of data representing different perspectives is crucial for interpreting and understanding the ASD phenotype. PMID:23153932

  18. A Closer Look at Scientifically Based Research: How to Evaluate Educational Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    T.H.E. Journal, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act has brought research, particularly scientific based research, beyond discussions in graduate schools and back into the consciousness of educators in the field. For many educators, it has been a long time since those discussions, and key concepts about educational research may have become hazy. In this fourth article of…

  19. Evaluation of Corporate Training Programs: Perspectives and Issues for Further Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Sung Heum; Pershing, James A.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses performance improvement interventions, including training, and the need for evaluation to measure training effectiveness. Reviews six evaluation perspectives of corporate training programs and recommends four areas for further study, including overall evaluation models and appropriate uses of the results of evaluations. (Contains 63…

  20. Clinical research: a tale of two studies.

    PubMed Central

    Nathan, David G.

    2003-01-01

    Threats to the status of clinical research have been well documented in the past three decades, and the National Institutes of Health and the Congress have done much to alleviate them. But the relationships of academic investigators and pharmaceutical companies remain a treacherous area. This vital nexus, on which so much progress depends, must be carefully maintained. In this paper I present two examples of academic/pharmaceutical company collaborations, both in search of a similar drug. The cases illustrate both some important hazards and accomplishments of clinical research. PMID:12813922

  1. Evaluation of Cerec endocrowns: a preliminary cohort study.

    PubMed

    Decerle, N; Bessadet, M; Munoz-Sanchez, M L; Eschevins, C; Veyrune, J; Nicolas, E

    2014-06-01

    This study aimed to evaluate clinical qualities and evolution on ceramic endocrowns produced with the Cerec 3D (Sirona). Endocrowns were produced in a hospital environment and evaluated according to the FDI criteria on the day of placement and 6 months afterwards. Each item was graded from 1 (good) to 5 (bad). A global score, as well as a score for aesthetics, functioning and biological integration was assessed for each evaluation. During the 6-month evaluation period, the scores were always related to good clinical quality, except for single crown restoration. The scores did not change between the two periods of evaluation. PMID:25134368

  2. Evaluating nutrient impacts in urban watersheds: challenges and research opportunities.

    PubMed

    Carey, Richard O; Hochmuth, George J; Martinez, Christopher J; Boyer, Treavor H; Dukes, Michael D; Toor, Gurpal S; Cisar, John L

    2013-02-01

    This literature review focuses on the prevalence of nitrogen and phosphorus in urban environments and the complex relationships between land use and water quality. Extensive research in urban watersheds has broadened our knowledge about point and non-point pollutant sources, but the fate of nutrients is not completely understood. For example, it is not known how long-term nutrient cycling processes in turfgrass landscapes influence nitrogen retention rates or the relative atmospheric contribution to urban nitrogen exports. The effect of prolonged reclaimed water irrigation is also unknown. Stable isotopes have been used to trace pollutants, but distinguishing sources (e.g., fertilizers, wastewater, etc.) can be difficult. Identifying pollutant sources may aid our understanding of harmful algal blooms because the extent of the relationship between urban nutrient sources and algal blooms is unclear. Further research on the delivery and fate of nutrients within urban watersheds is needed to address manageable water quality impacts. PMID:23202644

  3. Challenges in studying the effects of scientific societies on research integrity.

    PubMed

    Levine, Felice J; Iutcovich, Joyce M

    2003-04-01

    Beyond impressionistic observations, little is known about the role and influence of scientific societies on research conduct. Acknowledging that the influence of scientific societies is not easily disentangled from other factors that shape norms and practices, this article addresses how best to study the promotion of research integrity generally as well as the role and impact of scientific societies as part of that process. In setting forth the parameters of a research agenda, the article addresses four issues: (1) how to conceptualize research on scientific societies and research integrity; (2) challenges and complexities in undertaking basic research; (3) strategies for undertaking basic research that is attentive to individual, situational, organizational, and environmental levels of analysis; and (4) the need for evaluation research as integral to programmatic change and to assessment of the impact of activities by scientific societies. PMID:12774657

  4. Studies in Teaching. 1996 Research Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    The 19 papers presented at Wake Forest University's 1996 Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) are as follows: "Initiating and Facilitating Discourse: An Examination of Methods of Four Secondary English Classrooms" (Stella Katherine Beale); "Cheating: Beliefs and Habits" (William Clark); "English Instructional Methods and the…

  5. Program for transfer research and impact studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kottenstette, J. P.; Rusnak, J. J.; Staskin, E. R.

    1972-01-01

    The progress made in achieving TRIS research objectives during the first six months of 1972 is reviewed. The Tech Brief-Technical Support Package Program and technology transfer profiles are presented along with summaries of technology transfer in nondestructive testing, and visual display systems.

  6. Central Management Support Evaluation and Research Coordinator B-11 WOODBURY PUBLIC SCHOOLS

    E-print Network

    , and strong project management skills. 3. Experience using SPSS, spreadsheets, and relational database systems; knowledge of quality management, systeCentral Management Support Evaluation and Research Coordinator B-11 WOODBURY PUBLIC SCHOOLS TITLE

  7. 78 FR 8446 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research; Prescription Drug Labeling Improvement and Enhancement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 201, 314, and 601 [Docket No. FDA-2013-N-0059] Center for Drug Evaluation and Research; Prescription Drug Labeling Improvement and Enhancement...

  8. The undersea habitat as a space station analog: Evaluation of research and training potential

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helmreich, Robert L.; Wilhelm, John A.

    1985-01-01

    An evaluation is given of the utility of undersea habitats for both research and training on behavioral issues relative to the space station. The feasibility of a particular habitat, La Chalupa, is discussed.

  9. 9 CFR 112.9 - Biological products imported for research and evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND LABELING § 112.9 Biological products imported for research and evaluation. A biological...

  10. 9 CFR 112.9 - Biological products imported for research and evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND LABELING § 112.9 Biological products imported for research and evaluation. A biological...

  11. The Standards for Program Evaluation and the Large For-Profit Social Science Research and Evaluation Companies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Launor F.

    1982-01-01

    The ERS Standards could affect the government contract work of large research and evaluation organizations by requiring (in the request for proposals) that work be done in accordance with the standards, incorporating the standards into the proposal, or including the standards in the contract boiler plate. (Author/LC)

  12. 78 FR 33113 - Publication of the 5-Year Research and Evaluation Strategic Plan Program Years 2012-2017

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-03

    ...LABOR Employment and Training Administration Publication...5-Year Research and Evaluation Strategic Plan Program...AGENCY: Employment and Training Administration, Labor...Labor, Employment and Training Administration's...5-Year Research and Evaluation Strategic Plan for...

  13. Geological evaluation: Sterling Drilling and Production Company. Jarvis No. 1143. GRI (Gas Research Institute) Comprehensive Study Well No. 2, Calhoun County, West Virginia. Topical report, September 1987-May 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Lowry, P.; Hamilton-Smith, T.; Falleur, J.; Passaretti, M.

    1989-05-01

    Devonian-shale gas production, from wells in a research area surrounding the Sterling Drilling Production Company, Jarvis No. 1143, located in Calhoun County, West Virginia, is from intervals affected by thrust faults and/or associated shearing. Detailed whole-core description and Markov interpretation lead to the formulation of a depositional model of ongoing pelagic sedimentation of dark gray shales, periodically interrupted by turbidites consisting of thin siltstones and associated gray shales. A fracture model includes slickensides resulting from Alleghenian thrusting. The gas reservoir in the CSW No. 2 area suggests a combination of structure-induced fracturing, possibly of two distinct types, and relatively abundant and thickly bedded siltstones.

  14. How a research conference created new learning: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tim Hatcher; Colleen Aalsburg Wiessner; Julia Storberg-Walker; Diane Chapman

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The study presents preliminary findings from research begun at the 2005 Academy of Human Resource Development International Research Conference held in Estes Park, CO, USA. The qualitative case study captures what new learning occurred as a result of the conference and how the new learning at the conference occurred. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The qualitative case study used conceptual foundations

  15. Emotional intelligence – A review and evaluation study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor Dulewicz; Malcolm Higgs

    2000-01-01

    This article reviews the literature on the subject of “emotional intelligence” (EQ) and attempts to pin-down and define this nebulous construct, using competency-based and personality factor scales. In an exploratory study, the reliability and construct and predictive validity of three scales were investigated. An EQ scale based on 16 relevant competencies showed highly promising reliability and validity. The results also

  16. CRN - Cancer Screening Research: PROTECTS Study

    Cancer.gov

    The PROTECTS Project is comprised of two sub-studies. One of these sub-studies, described below, addresses whether breast cancer screening before the age of 50 is efficacious, and examines the efficacy stratified by average or increased breast cancer risk. The other sub-study examines the use of prophylactic mastectomy in a defined population.

  17. Measurement and Design Issues in the Study of Adolescent Sexual Behavior and the Evaluation of Adolescent Sexual Health Behavior Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Michael; Palacios, Rebecca; Penhollow, Tina M.

    2012-01-01

    To improve the quality of research and commentary concerning adolescent sexuality and evaluation of both comprehensive sexuality education and abstinence education programs, this article aims to help readers (1) select appropriate measures to study adolescent sexual behavior, (2) develop appropriate study designs to evaluate adolescent sexual…

  18. Research reviews of socio-economic impact evaluation for VMS project on freeway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sun Baofeng; Juan Zhicai; Steen Leleur; Wu Wenjing

    2005-01-01

    VMS project works as an essential component in ITS traffic information offering system. The paper reviews main international literatures of impact evaluation on VMS, points out issues existing in the past researches, analyzes socio-economic benefits produced by VMS and offers calculating models. Based on analysis in different evaluation methods, the paper applies benefit-cost analysis method, in an effort to show

  19. SLU evaLUateS An international comparison has revealed that SLU researchers

    E-print Network

    before been evaluated at a Swedish University. The evaluation method Scientific quality was assessed scientific quality, but also the relevance and benefit of research to the community.These aspects had never (Units of Assessment ­ UoA).The experts were also divided up into 15 Scientific Panels, each made up of 3

  20. Formative Evaluation Research of Art-Based Supervision in Art Therapy Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Barbara J.

    2008-01-01

    Image making is a common component of art therapy supervision but its use has not yet been formally evaluated. This article describes formative evaluation research used to investigate student responses to art-based supervision in which response art was used as a primary method to contain, explore, or express clinical work. Art-based supervision,…

  1. Research Compensation and Lottery: An Online Empirical Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zangeneh, Masood; Barmaki, Reza; Gibson-Wood, Hilary; Levitan, Michael-Jane; Romeo, Rosemary; Bottoms, Jennifer

    2008-01-01

    Recruiting participants for a research project can be challenging. Incentives, particularly monetary incentives, have been shown to increase response rates. Offering a monetary incentive for participation in a research study can become very costly for the investigators. For this reason some researchers, including graduate students involved in…

  2. Linking Teaching and Research through Scholarship Projects: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braber, Natalie

    2011-01-01

    Many lecturers find that teaching and research compete for their time. However, teaching and research can be linked closely together, and there are many ways of linking the two. This article will consider how research can be incorporated into teaching through a case study in Linguistics at Nottingham Trent University (in the United Kingdom), where…

  3. RESEARCH ASSISTANT POSITION NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF HUMAN MEMORY

    E-print Network

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    RESEARCH ASSISTANT POSITION NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF HUMAN MEMORY The Boston University Memory in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, or related field to serve as a full-time research assistant: assisting in the design and development of experiments; recruiting and scheduling research participants

  4. Rivers and coastal research in the Land Ocean Interaction Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. B. Wilkinson; G. J. L. Leeks; A. Morris; D. E. Walling

    1997-01-01

    The UK's large scale research initiative, the Land Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS), began in 1993. It parallels and links to current international scientific interest in land\\/sea interaction. The development, structure and research activities included in the highly integrated programme are described, with particular attention to the rivers, estuaries and coastal research. Riverine and estuarine sediment transport, water chemistry and biological

  5. UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND Research, Graduate Studies & Outreach

    E-print Network

    Rhode Island, University of

    UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND Research, Graduate Studies & Outreach research that benefits the state) nation and international community 2004/2005 #12;UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND IDeA Network of Biomedical in additional federal funding for biomedical research through this program to Rhode Island in recent years

  6. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT STUDENTS 1,643 4.4% #12;CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL.0% INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 82 1.7% #12;CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL

  7. Research Productivity of Accounting Faculty: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Yining; Nixon, Mary R.; Gupta, Ashok; Hoshower, Leon

    2010-01-01

    This study surveyed 367 accounting faculty members from AACSB accredited Colleges of Business to examine (1) their research productivity and (2) the intrinsic and extrinsic motivators to conduct research. Wide differences in research productivity were observed in the faculty associated with doctoral vs. non-doctoral granting programs. There were…

  8. Identifying a School Counseling Research Agenda: A Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimmitt, Carey; Carey, John C.; McGannon, Wendy; Henningson, Ivar

    2005-01-01

    The authors conducted a Delphi study to identify important research questions regarding school counseling. During 3 consecutive rounds of e-mail queries, an expert panel of 21 school counseling educators and practitioners were asked to identify the goals of school counseling research, develop specific research questions, and rate the importance of…

  9. Page 1 of 2 To: Clinical Researchers and Study Coordinators

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Page 1 of 2 To: Clinical Researchers and Study Coordinators From: James Crane, M.D. Date: December 11, 2007 Re: Clinical Trial Billing Compliance Medicare and research billing compliance continue be billed to either the research fund or the patient's third-party payor. All clinical trials, regardless

  10. Assessing Researcher Interdisciplinarity: A Case Study of the University of Hawaii NASA Astrobiology Institute

    E-print Network

    Gowanlock, Michael G

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we combine bibliometric techniques with a machine learning algorithm, the sequential Information Bottleneck, to assess the interdisciplinarity of research produced by the University of Hawaii NASA Astrobiology Institute (UHNAI). In particular, we cluster abstract data to evaluate Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge subject categories as descriptive labels for astrobiology documents, assess individual researcher interdisciplinarity, and determine where collaboration opportunities might occur. We find that the majority of the UHNAI team is engaged in interdisciplinary research, and suggest that our method could be applied to additional NASA Astrobiology Institute teams in particular, or other interdisciplinary research teams more broadly, to identify and facilitate collaboration opportunities.

  11. The SAIL Databank: building a national architecture for e-health research and evaluation

    PubMed Central

    Ford, David V; Jones, Kerina H; Verplancke, Jean-Philippe; Lyons, Ronan A; John, Gareth; Brown, Ginevra; Brooks, Caroline J; Thompson, Simon; Bodger, Owen; Couch, Tony; Leake, Ken

    2009-01-01

    Background Vast quantities of electronic data are collected about patients and service users as they pass through health service and other public sector organisations, and these data present enormous potential for research and policy evaluation. The Health Information Research Unit (HIRU) aims to realise the potential of electronically-held, person-based, routinely-collected data to conduct and support health-related studies. However, there are considerable challenges that must be addressed before such data can be used for these purposes, to ensure compliance with the legislation and guidelines generally known as Information Governance. Methods A set of objectives was identified to address the challenges and establish the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) system in accordance with Information Governance. These were to: 1) ensure data transportation is secure; 2) operate a reliable record matching technique to enable accurate record linkage across datasets; 3) anonymise and encrypt the data to prevent re-identification of individuals; 4) apply measures to address disclosure risk in data views created for researchers; 5) ensure data access is controlled and authorised; 6) establish methods for scrutinising proposals for data utilisation and approving output; and 7) gain external verification of compliance with Information Governance. Results The SAIL databank has been established and it operates on a DB2 platform (Data Warehouse Edition on AIX) running on an IBM 'P' series Supercomputer: Blue-C. The findings of an independent internal audit were favourable and concluded that the systems in place provide adequate assurance of compliance with Information Governance. This expanding databank already holds over 500 million anonymised and encrypted individual-level records from a range of sources relevant to health and well-being. This includes national datasets covering the whole of Wales (approximately 3 million population) and local provider-level datasets, with further growth in progress. The utility of the databank is demonstrated by increasing engagement in high quality research studies. Conclusion Through the pragmatic approach that has been adopted, we have been able to address the key challenges in establishing a national databank of anonymised person-based records, so that the data are available for research and evaluation whilst meeting the requirements of Information Governance. PMID:19732426

  12. Faculty Morale Study (1981). The Ohio State University at Lima Self-Study Report No. 1. Institutional Research Series 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Woodford W.

    In 1971, 1975, and 1981, studies of faculty morale were conducted at the Ohio State University at Lima (OSU Lima). Faculty members were asked to assess their morale in relation to their college position; to evaluate campus conditions related to remuneration and benefits, teaching and research, relations with the central OSU campus, facilities and…

  13. Research perspectives on the evaluation of steam generator tube integrity.

    SciTech Connect

    Muscara, J.; Diercks, D. R.; Majumdar, S.; Kupperman, D. S.; Bakhtiari, S.; Shack, W. J.

    2001-02-22

    Industry effects have been largely successful in managing degradation of steam generator tubes due to wastage, pitting, and denting, but fretting, SCC and intergranular attack have proved more difficult to manage. Although steam generator replacements are proceeding there is substantial industry interest in operating with degraded steam generators, and significant numbers of plants will continue to do so. In most cases degradation of steam generator tubing by stress corrosion cracking is still managed by plug or repair on detection, because current NDE techniques for characterization of flaws are not accurate enough to permit continued operation. This paper reviews some of the historical background that underlies current steam generator degradation management strategies and outlines some of the additional research that must be done to provide more effective management of degradation in current generators and provide greater assurance of satisfactory performance in replacement steam generators.

  14. Evaluation of the need for a large primate research facility in space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sulzman, F. M.

    1986-01-01

    In the summer of 1983, an advisory committee was organized that would be able to evaluate NASA's current and future capabilities for nonhuman primate research in space. Individuals were chosen who had experience in four key research areas: cardiovascular physiology, vestibular neurophysiology, musculo-skeletal physiology, and fluid and electrolyte balance. Recommendations of the committee to NASA are discussed.

  15. Team Approach in the First Research Experience for Undergraduates in Botany/Zoology 152: Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin Univ., Madison. LEAD Center.

    This document summarizes the findings of the Learning through Evaluation, Adaptation and Dissemination (LEAD) Center's report on the team approach to the first research experience for undergraduates in botany and zoology. Students (N=25) and faculty (N=12) were interviewed and a comparison was made between students who performed the research in…

  16. The National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs. Review of Research: Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

    Findings of a review of research pertaining to federally subsidized school nutrition programs are presented in this report. The aim of the review of research is to provide guidance for the design of the subsequent parts of the evaluation by describing the school nutrition programs and their operations and by providing baseline information on…

  17. Evaluating the benefits of road safety research: the case of Sweden

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rune Elvik; Marika Kolbenstvedt; Beate Elvebakk

    This paper summarises a study designed to answer the following question: what are the benefits to society of road safety research in Sweden funded by the Swedish Transport Research Council and the programme for vehicle safety research during the period 1971- 2004? The paper starts by discussing whether research can answer this question at all and explains why a well-controlled

  18. THE EVALUATION OF THREE TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR A LARGE UNDERGRADUATE COURSE IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND FAMILY STUDIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Megan M. McClelland; Lizbeth Gray

    Research suggests that effective teaching includes actively engaging students and connecting concepts and research to application. This is often difficult to do in large undergraduate courses of over 100 students. The present study evaluated three teaching strategies adapted for a large undergraduate course in a Human Development and Family Studies program. Using data collected over four years in an adolescence

  19. A Descriptive Study of Athletic Training Education Programs Based on Findings on CAATE Standard H and Program Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golly, Heather Louise

    2011-01-01

    There is limited research that describes the evaluation procedures utilized by Athletic Training Education Programs (ATEP). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the process the CAATE member institutions use to assess outcome-based standards in Standard H. This research used a cross-sectional study design. A survey link…

  20. Working group recommendations: targeting criteria for geriatric evaluation and management research.

    PubMed

    Rubenstein, L Z; Goodwin, M; Hadley, E; Patten, S K; Rempusheski, V F; Reuben, D; Winograd, C H

    1991-09-01

    To maximize the cost effectiveness of geriatric evaluation and management (GEM) programs, criteria need to be established for selecting patients most likely to benefit. A working group was convened to define appropriate patient selection (targeting) criteria for each type of GEM program and to consider research questions for future targeting studies. The group outlined targeting criteria for the spectrum of GEM program types and locations. GEM program types included: inpatient GEM units; hospital geriatric consultation service; GEM programs in nursing homes; outpatient GEM programs for functionally impaired persons; and geriatric community outreach/screening programs for functionally independent elders. For each program type, the group outlined targeting criteria based on current literature and experience. Because research has not yet established the effectiveness of many of these patient targeting strategies, the group drafted a set of research questions, pertinent to targeting, that require attention: (1) For each identifiable population of elderly people, who are most likely to benefit from GEM? (2) How should these people best be identified/targeted? (3) What criteria should be used for targeting? (4) How and how often should population screening be performed to identify persons in need of GEM? PMID:1885876

  1. Evaluating the Conventional Wisdom in Clone Removal: A Genealogy-based Empirical Study

    E-print Network

    Schneider, Kevin A.

    Evaluating the Conventional Wisdom in Clone Removal: A Genealogy-based Empirical Study Minhaz F at Austin, USA2 ABSTRACT Clone management has drawn immense interest from the research community in recent years. It is recognized that a deep understanding of how code clones change and are refactored

  2. Using Lotteries to Evaluate Schools of Choice: Evidence from a National Study of Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuttle, Christina Clark; Gleason, Philip; Clark, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    This paper draws on data and experiences observing and analyzing school lotteries from the National Evaluation of Charter School Impacts (Gleason et al., 2010) to describe the challenges associated with lottery-based research. In that study, covering 36 charter middle schools in 15 states, we found that charter schools did not affect student…

  3. An Evaluation Case Study of an International Student Services Office: Assessing Satisfaction and Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammons, Laura; Lee, Yi-Hsuan; Akins, Ralitsa; Somasundaram, Usha V.; Egan, Toby Marshall

    2004-01-01

    Multinational student involvement has emerged as an important feature to US education. Along with dramatic growth, the demands on colleges and universities to provide services and support to international students from a myriad of backgrounds has increased. This study explores the use of evaluation approach by researchers of an international…

  4. Pearls and Pitfalls in Evaluating a Student Assistance Program: A Five-Year Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilburn, Sharon T.; Wilburn, Kenneth T.; Weaver, Dax M.; Bowles, Kathy

    2007-01-01

    This article presents data from a five-year evaluation-research case study of a large urban schools district's internal Student Assistance Program (SAP). The district employed specially trained and licensed school-based counselors to implement an internal SAP expanded to include tertiary prevention, and modeled after an employee assistance program…

  5. Meta-Evaluation of Worksite Health Promotion Economic Return Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Larry S.

    2003-01-01

    This meta-evaluation provides a standardized look at the quality of the economic evaluation literature for multi-component worksite health promotion programs. Analysis of 42 studies suggests that the evidence is very strong for average reductions in sick leave, health plan costs, and workers' compensation and disability costs of slightly more than…

  6. A subjective study to evaluate video quality assessment algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kalpana Seshadrinathan; Rajiv Soundararajan; Alan C. Bovik; Lawrence K. Cormack

    2010-01-01

    Automatic methods to evaluate the perceptual quality of a digital video sequence have widespread applications wherever the end-user is a human. Several objective video quality assessment (VQA) algorithms exist, whose performance is typically evaluated using the results of a subjective study performed by the video quality experts group (VQEG) in 2000. There is a great need for a free, publicly

  7. Postgraduate Study and Managers' Subsequent Work Experience: An Exploratory Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Jane; Harris, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Drawing on an exploratory qualitative study, this article considers the link between business school teaching at graduate level and subsequent work behaviour and experiences of former students. It evaluates the student experience some time "after" graduation. The findings of the retrospective evaluation point to the value of classroom peer…

  8. A Qualitative Study on Primary School Mathematics Lesson Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Dongchen; Ma, Yunpeng

    2009-01-01

    Through the qualitative interviews of five implementers of primary school mathematics curriculum, this study addresses the ways in which mathematics lessons are evaluated. Results show that each evaluator recognizes different aspects of a "good lesson," however, among all criteria, the design of the lesson plan, realization of the lesson goals,…

  9. A Study on Developing Evaluation Criteria for Electronic Resources in Evaluation Indicators of Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noh, Younghee

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to improve the current state of electronic resource evaluation in libraries. While the use of Web DB, e-book, e-journal, and other e-resources such as CD-ROM, DVD, and micro materials is increasing in libraries, their use is not comprehensively factored into the general evaluation of libraries and may diminish the reliability of…

  10. Exchanging Ideas on Evaluation: Evaluating an Initial Management Skills Course: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyman, Pat

    1979-01-01

    Describes an evaluation study of an interpersonal effectiveness management course for first-level supervisors. The evaluator collected information using graduate appraisal of course content, skill retention, measures, significant incident techniques, analysis of work products/records, appraisal of instructor, observation checklists, and…

  11. Participant expectations in pulmonary hypertension-related research studies.

    PubMed

    Gray, Michael P; Aldrighetti, Rino; Fagan, Karen A

    2015-06-01

    The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) is a patient advocacy organization seeking to find ways to prevent, improve treatment for, and cure pulmonary hypertension (PH) and to provide hope for the PH community through support, education, research, advocacy, and awareness. Many patients involved with PHA are also involved in various PH-specific research studies; however, the patient expectations and priorities for PH-specific research are currently unknown or not well examined. Our objective was to identify the current modes of study entry, priorities within research, and expectations over the course of study involvement for patient constituents of PHA. A 29-question online survey was designed by PHA and disseminated to the PHA patient constituency on its Facebook page through a post on November 29, 2012. Responses were collected on SurveyMonkey through December 10, 2012. Respondents were divided into parallel survey tracks, depending on whether the respondent indicated previous participation in research studies. These two cohorts of individuals were analyzed and, where appropriate, compared with tests of association. A total of 234 respondents were included in the final data analysis, with 95 (40.6%) reporting previous participation in research studies. These respondents reported an overall positive experience in their research studies (64.9% very good, 21.3% good, 12.8% neutral, 1.1% bad). Of the respondents with previous research study participation, 91.1% indicated that receipt of the study outcome after participation would positively influence their decision to participate in future research; despite this, only 41.17% reported receiving information of this sort after their participation. Research participation is a strong interest of PHA patient constituents; clear and consistent communication from the research team is an expectation of many participants. Despite this expectation, 58.83% of respondents indicated they did not receive communication from the research team after participation. This offers an opportunity not only to improve participants' experiences but also to increase the likelihood of future study participation. PMID:26064465

  12. Participant expectations in pulmonary hypertension–related research studies

    PubMed Central

    Aldrighetti, Rino; Fagan, Karen A.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) is a patient advocacy organization seeking to find ways to prevent, improve treatment for, and cure pulmonary hypertension (PH) and to provide hope for the PH community through support, education, research, advocacy, and awareness. Many patients involved with PHA are also involved in various PH-specific research studies; however, the patient expectations and priorities for PH-specific research are currently unknown or not well examined. Our objective was to identify the current modes of study entry, priorities within research, and expectations over the course of study involvement for patient constituents of PHA. A 29-question online survey was designed by PHA and disseminated to the PHA patient constituency on its Facebook page through a post on November 29, 2012. Responses were collected on SurveyMonkey through December 10, 2012. Respondents were divided into parallel survey tracks, depending on whether the respondent indicated previous participation in research studies. These two cohorts of individuals were analyzed and, where appropriate, compared with tests of association. A total of 234 respondents were included in the final data analysis, with 95 (40.6%) reporting previous participation in research studies. These respondents reported an overall positive experience in their research studies (64.9% very good, 21.3% good, 12.8% neutral, 1.1% bad). Of the respondents with previous research study participation, 91.1% indicated that receipt of the study outcome after participation would positively influence their decision to participate in future research; despite this, only 41.17% reported receiving information of this sort after their participation. Research participation is a strong interest of PHA patient constituents; clear and consistent communication from the research team is an expectation of many participants. Despite this expectation, 58.83% of respondents indicated they did not receive communication from the research team after participation. This offers an opportunity not only to improve participants’ experiences but also to increase the likelihood of future study participation.

  13. Listening to History: A Qualitative Research Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiang, Linda H.

    This study used an oral history method to collect data from contemporary citizens who grew up in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s. The primary purpose of the study was to gather historical evidence from those eras and identify participants' life themes and values. A secondary purpose was to implement interdisciplinary collaboration…

  14. Highlights of recent balance of system research and evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, M. G.; Stevens, J. W.

    The cost of most photovoltaic (PV) systems is more a function of the balance of system (BOS) components than the collectors. The exception to this rule is the grid-tied system whose cost is related more directly to the collectors, and secondarily to the inverter/controls. In fact, recent procurements throughout the country document that collector costs for roof-mounted, utility-tied systems (Russell, PV Systems Workshop, 7/94) represent 60% to 70% of the system cost. This contrasts with the current market for packaged stand-alone all PV or PV-hybrid systems where collectors represent only 25% to 35% of the total. Not only are the BOS components the cost drivers in the current cost-effective PV system market place, they are also the least reliable components. This paper discusses the impact that BOS issues have on component performance, system performance, and system cost and reliability. We will also look at recent recommended changes in system design based upon performance evaluations of fielded PV systems.

  15. Highlights of recent balance of system research and evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, M.G.; Stevens, J.W.

    1994-10-01

    The cost of most photovoltaic (PV) systems is more a function of the balance of system (BOS) components than the collectors. The exception to this rule is the grid-tied system whose cost is related more directly to the collectors, and secondarily to the inverter/controls. In fact, recent procurements throughout the country document that collector costs for roof-mounted, utility-tied systems (Russell, PV Systems Workshop, 7/94) represent 60% to 70% of the system cost. This contrasts with the current market for packaged stand-alone all PV or PV-hybrid systems where collectors represent only 25% to 35% of the total. Not only are the BOS components the cost drivers in the current cost-effective PV system market place, they are also the least reliable components. This paper discusses the impact that BOS issues have on component performance, system performance, and system cost and reliability. We will also look at recent recommended changes in system design based upon performance evaluations of fielded PV systems.

  16. Cell-cycle research with synchronous cultures: an evaluation.

    PubMed

    Helmstetter, C E; Thornton, M; Grover, N B

    2001-01-01

    The baby-machine system, which produces new-born Escherichia coli cells from cultures immobilized on a membrane, was developed many years ago in an attempt to attain optimal synchrony with minimal disturbance of steady-state growth. In the present article, we put forward a model to describe the behaviour of cells produced by this method, and provide quantitative evaluation of the parameters involved, at each of four different growth rates. Considering the high level of selection achievable with this technique and the natural dispersion in interdivision times, we believe that the output of the baby machine is probably close to optimal in terms of both quality and persistence of synchrony. We show that considerable information on events in the cell cycle can be obtained from populations with age distributions very much broader than those achieved with the baby machine and differing only modestly from steady state. The data presented here, together with the long and fruitful history of findings employing the baby-machine technique, suggest that minimisation of stress on cells is the single most important factor for successful cell-cycle analysis. PMID:11254979

  17. Research on biophysical evaluation of the human vestibular system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, L. R.

    1974-01-01

    The human vestibular function was studied by the combined approach of advanced measurement and mathematical modelling. Fundamental measurements of some physical properties of endolymph and perilymph, combined with nystagmus measurements and fluid mechanical analysis of semicircular canal function furthered the theory of canal mechanical response to angular acceleration, caloric stimulation and relating linear acceleration. The effects of adaptation seen at low frequency angular stimulation were studied and modelled to remove some shortcomings of the torsion pendulum models. Otolith function was also studied experimentally and analytically, leading to a new set of models for subjective orientation. Applications to special problems of space, including the case of rotating spacecraft were investigated and the interaction of visual and vestibular cues and their relation to proprioceptive information was explored relative to postural control.

  18. Research gaps in evaluating the relationship of meat and health.

    PubMed

    Klurfeld, David M

    2015-11-01

    Humans evolved as omnivores and it has been proposed that cooking meat allowed for evolution of larger brains that has led to our success as a species. Meat is one of the most nutrient dense foods, providing high-quality protein, heme iron, zinc, and vitamins B6 and B12. Despite these advantages, epidemiologic studies have linked consumption of red or processed meat with obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers of multiple organs. Most observational studies report small, increased relative risks. However, there are many limitations of such studies including inability to accurately estimate intake, lack of prespecified hypotheses, multiple comparisons, and confounding from many factors - including body weight, fruit/vegetable intake, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol - that correlate significantly either positively or negatively with meat intake and limit the reliability of conclusions from these studies. The observational studies are heterogeneous and do not fulfill many of the points proposed by AB Hill in 1965 for inferring causality; his most important factor was strength of the association which in dietary studies is usually <1.5 but is not considered adequate in virtually all other areas of epidemiology outside nutrition. Accepting small, statistically significant risks as "real" from observational associations, the field of nutrition has a long list of failures including beta-carotene and lung cancer, low-fat diets and breast cancer or heart disease that have not been confirmed in randomized trials. Moderate intake of a variety of foods that are enjoyed by people remains the best dietary advice. PMID:26043666

  19. The Know Your Body program: a review of evaluation studies.

    PubMed Central

    Resnicow, K.; Cross, D.; Wynder, E.

    1993-01-01

    Know Your Body is a comprehensive school health promotion program for kindergarten through six grades, initially developed in the 1970s by the American Health Foundation. The impact of the KYB program has been evaluated in three field trials, the results of which have been reviewed in this article. Across the three studies, at 3-year follow-up, consistent positive intervention effects were reported for systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, smoking, HDL-cholesterol, and health knowledge. Results for total blood cholesterol, fitness score, heart-healthy snacks, fruit/vegetable intake, whole milk intake, and health attitudes were mixed. For body mass index, triceps skinfold, all remaining dietary variables, self-esteem/self-efficacy, and locus of control no significant effects were observed. Overall, significant treatment effects were reported for 19 of the 40 variables assessed at 3-year follow-up, an effects ratio of 48%. Consistent positive results at 5-year follow-up were reported for smoking and health knowledge. Mixed results were obtained for total blood cholesterol, diastolic blood pressure, and percent kilocalories from saturated fat. Consistent null results were reported for HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, triceps skinfold, fitness score, percentage kilocalories from fat, cholesterol intake, and fiber intake. Overall, significant treatment effects were reported for 7 of 36 variables at 5-year follow-up, an effects ratio of 19%. Although reported program effects were largely mixed, they seem consistent with other health education evaluations. Null results may have been related to insufficient teacher implementation as well as weaknesses in design and assessment. Additional research is needed to determine the effect of the program on a broader range of outcomes, to what degree increasing the "dose" produces larger and more enduring treatment effects, and the relative impact of the various components that comprise the program. PMID:8148840

  20. AN OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF ATTITUDE CHANGE IN TRAINING, A BEFORE AND AFTER STUDY OF 12 STIMULI IN A SUPERVISORY PROGRAM. PAPER PRESENTED AT THE NATIONAL SEMINAR ON ADULT EDUCATION RESEARCH (CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 11-13, 1968).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ABBATIELLO, AURELIUS A.

    DESIGNED TO DETERMINE WHETHER CHANGES IN ATTITUDE OCCURRED AS A RESULT OF PARTICIPATION IN AN INDUSTRIAL SUPERVISORY TRAINING PROGRAM, THIS STUDY USED THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL TECHNIQUE TO IDENTIFY RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CONTENT AND ASSIMILATION IN A LEARNING SITUATION. BEFORE AND AFTER THE PROGRAM, 41 SUPERVISORS RATED 12 CONCEPTS ON A CONTINUUM…