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1

Research Governance and the Role of Evaluation: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a comparative study of the United Kingdom and Spain, this article addresses the effect of different research governance structures on the functioning and uses of research evaluation. It distinguishes three main evaluation uses: distributive, improvement, and controlling. Research evaluation in the United Kingdom plays important…

Molas-Gallart, Jordi

2012-01-01

2

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation Studies - 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed are approximately 80 projects funded by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. Among projects are demonstration treatment centers, innovative demonstration centers, demonstration resource centers, training demonstrations, and research projects. Information on each project usually includes the following: project number, title, brief…

National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHEW/OHD), Washington, DC.

3

Ensuring Data Quality in Extension Research and Evaluation Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a checklist as a guide for Extension professionals to use in research and evaluation studies they carry out. A total of 40 statements grouped under eight data quality components--relevance, objectivity, validity, reliability, integrity, generalizability, completeness, and utility--are identified to ensure that research

Radhakrishna, Rama; Tobin, Daniel; Brennan, Mark; Thomson, Joan

2012-01-01

4

Program Evaluation Briefing: FloridaTrespass Prevention ResearchStudy  

E-print Network

Secretary for Research and Technology John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center August 5, 2014 Research Study (TPRS) Implemented by Volpe from 2009 ­ 2013 in West Palm Beach, Florida Purpose: develop benefits, best practices and lessons learned FRA R&D Director asked Volpe to evaluate project to Collect

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

5

Frameworks for evaluating health research capacity strengthening: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Health research capacity strengthening (RCS) projects are often complex and hard to evaluate. In order to inform health RCS evaluation efforts, we aimed to describe and compare key characteristics of existing health RCS evaluation frameworks: their process of development, purpose, target users, structure, content and coverage of important evaluation issues. A secondary objective was to explore what use had been made of the ESSENCE framework, which attempts to address one such issue: harmonising the evaluation requirements of different funders. Methods We identified and analysed health RCS evaluation frameworks published by seven funding agencies between 2004 and 2012, using a mixed methods approach involving structured qualitative analyses of documents, a stakeholder survey and consultations with key contacts in health RCS funding agencies. Results The frameworks were intended for use predominantly by the organisations themselves, and most were oriented primarily towards funders’ internal organisational performance requirements. The frameworks made limited reference to theories that specifically concern RCS. Generic devices, such as logical frameworks, were typically used to document activities, outputs and outcomes, but with little emphasis on exploring underlying assumptions or contextual constraints. Usage of the ESSENCE framework appeared limited. Conclusions We believe that there is scope for improving frameworks through the incorporation of more accessible information about how to do evaluation in practice; greater involvement of stakeholders, following evaluation capacity building principles; greater emphasis on explaining underlying rationales of frameworks; and structuring frameworks so that they separate generic and project-specific aspects of health RCS evaluation. The third and fourth of these improvements might assist harmonisation. PMID:24330628

2013-01-01

6

A Historical Reflection on Research Evaluation Studies, Their Recurrent Themes and Challenges. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report critically examines studies of how scientific research drives innovation which is then translated into socio-economic benefits. It focuses on research evaluation insights that are relevant not only to the academic community, but also to policymakers and evaluation practitioners--and particularly to biomedical and health research

Marjanovic, Sonja; Hanney, Stephen; Wooding, Steven

2009-01-01

7

Citation ranking versus peer evaluation of senior faculty research performance: A case study of Kurdish scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between citation ranking and peer evaluation in assess- ing senior faculty research performance. Other studies typically derive their peer evaluation data directly from referees, often in the form of ranking. This study uses two additional sources of peer evaluation data: citation content analysis and book review content analysis. Two main

Lokman I. Meho; Diane H. Sonnenwald

2000-01-01

8

Quantitative Study of the Value of Research Libraries: A Foundation for the Evaluation of Digital Libraries  

E-print Network

Quantitative Study of the Value of Research Libraries: A Foundation for the Evaluation of Digital Libraries Paul B. Kantor and Tefko Saracevic LIS and Rutgers Distributed Laboratory for Digital Libraries School of Communication, Information and Library Studies Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ {kantor

9

Evaluating the Impact of Environmental Interpretation: A Review of Three Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three research studies examined the impact of environmental interpretation programs on the environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of student participants. Conducted by Indiana University's Department of Recreation and Park Administration, the studies evaluated variables related to entry level (awareness), ownership, and empowerment…

Knapp, Doug

10

From Evaluation to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally there has been a tension between evaluation research and so-called pure research which has resulted in evaluation research seldom being recognized by the UK Research Assessment Exercises. The newly configured Research Excellence Framework (REF) will use similar criteria to judge research, notwithstanding the introduction of…

Arthur, Linet; Cox, Elaine

2014-01-01

11

Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on the objective and object of evaluation. The amount of empirical studies on evaluation of OHSs or OHS activities that met the non-restrictive inclusion criteria, was remarkably limited. Most of the 52 studies were more descriptive than evaluative. The methodological quality of most studies was not high. A differentiated picture of the evidence of effectiveness of OHSs arises. Occupational health consultations and occupational rehabilitation are hardly studied despite much time spent on the consultation by occupational physicians in most countries. The lack of effectiveness and efficiency of the pre-employment examination should lead to its abandonment as a means of selection of personnel by OHSs. Periodic health monitoring or surveillance, and education on occupational health hazards can be carried out with reasonable process quality. Identification and evaluation of occupational health hazards by a workplace survey can be done with a high output quality, which, however, does not guarantee a favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Although rigorous study designs are not always applicable or feasible in daily practice, much more effort should be directed at the scientific evaluation of OHSs and OHS instruments. To develop evidence-based occupational health care the quality of evaluation studies should be improved. In particular, process and outcome of consultation and rehabilitation activities of occupational physicians need to be studied more.   PMID:10474531

Hulshof, C. T.; Verbeek, J. H.; van Dijk, F. J.; van der Weide, W. E.; Braam, I. T.

1999-01-01

12

Evaluating institutional capacity for research ethics in Africa: a case study from Botswana  

PubMed Central

Background The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been initiated to strengthen the capacity for research ethics in LMIC. However, most such programs focus on individual training or development of ethics review committees. The objective of this paper is to present an approach to institutional capacity assessment in research ethics and application of this approach in the form of a case study from an institution in Africa. Methods We adapted the Octagon model originally used by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency to assess an organization along eight domains in research ethics: basic values and identity; structure and organization; ability to carry out activities; relevance of activities to stated goals; capacity of staff and management; administrative, financing and accounting systems; its relations with target groups; and the national context. We used a mixed methods approach to collect empirical data at the University of Botswana from March to December 2010. Results The overall shape of the external evaluation Octagon suggests that strengths of the University of Botswana are in the areas of structure, relevance, production and identity; while the university still needs more work in the areas of systems of finance, target groups, and environment. The Octagons also show the similarities and discrepancies between the 'external' and 'internal' evaluations and provide an opportunity for exploration of these different assessments. For example, the discrepant score for 'identity' between internal and external evaluations allows for an exploration of what constitutes a strong identity for research ethics at the University of Botswana and how it can be strengthened. Conclusions There is a general lack of frameworks for evaluating research ethics capacity in LMICs. We presented an approach that stresses evaluation from both internal and external perspectives. This case study highlights the university's rapid progress in developing research ethics capacity and points to some notable areas for improvement. We believe that such an empirically-driven and participatory assessment allows a more holistic measurement and promotion of institutional capacity strengthening for research ethics in LMICs. PMID:23899301

2013-01-01

13

Systematic literature review to evaluate and characterize the health economics and outcomes research studies in India  

PubMed Central

Aim: This systematic literature review was conducted to identify, evaluate, and characterize the variety, quality, and intent of the health economics and outcomes research studies being conducted in India. Materials and Methods: Studies published in English language between 1999 and 2012 were retrieved from Embase and PubMed databases using relevant search strategies. Two researchers independently reviewed the studies as per Cochrane methodology; information on the type of research and the outcomes were extracted. Quality of reporting was assessed for model-based health economic studies using a published 100-point Quality of Health Economic Studies (QHES) instrument. Results: Of 546 studies screened, 132 were included in the review. The broad study categories were cost-effectiveness analyses [(CEA) 54 studies], cost analyses (19 studies), and burden of illness [(BOI) 18 studies]. The outcomes evaluated were direct and indirect costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Direct medical costs assessed cost of medicines, monitoring costs, consultation and hospital charges, along with direct non-medical costs (travel and food for patients and care givers). Loss of productivity and loss of income of patients and care givers were identified as the components of indirect cost. Overall, 33 studies assessed the quality of life (QoL), and the WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) was the most commonly used instrument. Quality assessment for modeling studies showed that most studies were of high quality [mean (range) QHES score to be 75.5 (34-93)]. Conclusions: This review identified various patterns of pharmacoeconomic studies and good-quality CEA studies. However, there is a need for better assessment of utilization of healthcare resources in India.

Mishra, Divya; Nair, Sunita R.

2015-01-01

14

Study Designs and Evaluation Models for Emergency Department Public Health Research  

PubMed Central

Public health research requires sound design and thoughtful consideration of potential biases that may influence the validity of results. It also requires careful implementation of protocols and procedures that are likely to translate from the research environment to actual clinical practice. This article is the product of a breakout session from the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference entitled “Public Health in the ED: Screening, Surveillance, and Intervention” and serves to describe in detail aspects of performing emergency department (ED)-based public health research, while serving as a resource for current and future researchers. In doing so, the authors describe methodologic features of study design, participant selection and retention, and measurements and analyses pertinent to public health research. In addition, a number of recommendations related to research methods and future investigations related to public health work in the ED are provided. Public health investigators are poised to make substantial contributions to this important area of research, but this will only be accomplished by employing sound research methodology in the context of rigorous program evaluation. PMID:20053232

Broderick, Kerry B.; Ranney, Megan L.; Vaca, Federico E.; D’Onofrio, Gail; Rothman, Richard E.; Rhodes, Karin V.; Becker, Bruce; Haukoos, Jason S.

2011-01-01

15

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center. Progress Report of Research Studies, 1966-1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The studies which comprise this report are as follows: (a) Document 1, Development of the Matrix Test by Herbert Zimiles and Harvery Asch (PS 001 072); (b) Document 2, Studies of the Social Organization of Head Start Centers by Donald Horton and others (PS 001 073); (c) Document 3, An Experimental Approach to Studying Non-Verbal Representation in…

Zimiles, Herbert; Horton, Donald

16

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

17

An Approach to Evaluating Research Developed by Five Aboriginal Health Workers Currently Studying at Batchelor College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the principles of Both Ways (incorporating cross-cultural perspectives), five Aboriginal health workers developed evaluation guidelines for research on Aboriginal populations. The guidelines address whether and how the perspectives of the population are integrated into the research. (SK)

Grootjans, John; Spiers, Michele

1996-01-01

18

A Case Study of a Community-Based Participatory Evaluation Research (CBPER) Project: Reflections on Promising Practices and Shortcomings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instrumental case study documents a community-based participatory evaluation research (CBPER) project that involved a community partner, two graduate students, a faculty member, and an external funder. It highlights the fact that a participatory evaluation model is a viable way to conduct community-based research (CBR) when a community…

Puma, Jini; Bennett, Laurie; Cutforth, Nick; Tombari, Chris; Stein, Paul

2009-01-01

19

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,  

E-print Network

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

Utrecht, Universiteit

20

Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…

Glick, Ashley

2010-01-01

21

Research-Concept Evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Concepts ranked according to potential benefit/cost ratios. ARINC Researh Concept Evaluation Methodology (ARCEM) program provides powerful tool for organization and planning of research activities indicating which concepts provide greatest benefit for investment and determines number of concepts implemented to justify expenditures for development of generic technologies.

White, M. J.; Kolb, W.

1985-01-01

22

An Overview of the 2004-2008 NAEP Evaluation: Design and Research Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a Congressional mandate, an evaluation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) was undertaken beginning in 2004. The evaluation design included a series of studies that encompassed the breadth and selected areas of depth of the NAEP program. Studies were identified with input from key stakeholders and were…

Davis, Susan L.; Buckendahl, Chad W.

2009-01-01

23

The Application of PERT to Large-Scale Educational Research and Evaluation Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four points related to the coordination and management of large scale educational research projects: 1) the need for "project visibility; 2) the basic features of a Project Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) chart; 3) recommendations for implementing PERT; and 4) an application of PERT to a large scale project at Educational Testing…

Case, C. Marston

1969-01-01

24

78 FR 55068 - Request for Information To Inform the Title III Evaluation and Research Studies Agenda  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Studies Agenda AGENCY: Office of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement...to Elizabeth Judd, Office of English Language Acquisition, Attention: Evaluation...ESEA requires States to develop English language proficiency (ELP)...

2013-09-09

25

Evaluation of the IEP Costing Procedures: A Pilot Study by Six Major Research Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Information Exchange Procedures (IEP) cost study project of the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems is described and its applicability to six major research universities (MRU) is assessed in this pilot study. The IEP enables peer institutions to compare information about their resources, activities, and educational…

Topping, Jim

26

Using the Internet for Speech Research: An Evaluative Study Examining Affect in Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet has rarely been used in auditory perception studies due to concerns about standardisation and calibration across different systems and settings. However, not all auditory research is based on the investigation of fine-grained differences in auditory thresholds. Where meaningful "real-world" listening, for instance the perception of…

Knoll, Monja A.; Uther, Maria; Costall, Alan

2011-01-01

27

Research designs for studies evaluating the effectiveness of change and improvement strategies  

PubMed Central

?? The methods of evaluating change and improvement strategies are not well described. The design and conduct of a range of experimental and non-experimental quantitative designs are considered. Such study designs should usually be used in a context where they build on appropriate theoretical, qualitative and modelling work, particularly in the development of appropriate interventions. A range of experimental designs are discussed including single and multiple arm randomised controlled trials and the use of more complex factorial and block designs. The impact of randomisation at both group and individual levels and three non-experimental designs (uncontrolled before and after, controlled before and after, and time series analysis) are also considered. The design chosen will reflect both the needs (and resources) in any particular circumstances and also the purpose of the evaluation. The general principle underlying the choice of evaluative design is, however, simple—those conducting such evaluations should use the most robust design possible to minimise bias and maximise generalisability. PMID:12571345

Eccles, M; Grimshaw, J; Campbell, M; Ramsay, C

2003-01-01

28

78 FR 41198 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

2013-07-09

29

76 FR 73781 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

2011-11-29

30

76 FR 19189 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

2011-04-06

31

78 FR 53015 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

2013-08-27

32

77 FR 72438 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...App. 2, that the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

2012-12-05

33

75 FR 79446 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative...that a meeting of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative...the Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development Service on...

2010-12-20

34

Impact of Referral Source and Study Applicants’ Preference for Randomly Assigned Service on Research Enrollment, Service Engagement, and Evaluative Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objective The inability to blind research participants to their experimental conditions is the Achilles’ heel of mental health services research. When one experimental condition receives more disappointed participants, or more satisfied participants, research findings can be biased in spite of random assignment. The authors explored the potential for research participants’ preference for one experimental program over another to compromise the generalizability and validity of randomized controlled service evaluations as well as cross-study comparisons. Method Three Cox regression analyses measured the impact of applicants’ service assignment preference on research project enrollment, engagement in assigned services, and a service-related outcome, competitive employment. Results A stated service preference, referral by an agency with a low level of continuity in outpatient care, and willingness to switch from current services were significant positive predictors of research enrollment. Match to service assignment preference was a significant positive predictor of service engagement, and mismatch to assignment preference was a significant negative predictor of both service engagement and employment outcome. Conclusions Referral source type and service assignment preference should be routinely measured and statistically controlled for in all studies of mental health service effectiveness to provide a sound empirical base for evidence-based practice. PMID:15800153

Macias, Cathaleene; Barreira, Paul; Hargreaves, William; Bickman, Leonard; Fisher, William; Aronson, Elliot

2009-01-01

35

Pre-exposure prophylaxis accessibility research and evaluation (PrEPARE Study).  

PubMed

Tenofovir-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) has demonstrated effectiveness as HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but it is not commonly prescribed. Our study was designed to determine the barriers preventing utilization of PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM), the group at greatest risk for HIV infection in the United States. A population-based sample of MSM presenting for HIV testing at 'Early Test' HIV testing and counseling sites in San Diego, California were offered PrEP and education about potential efficacy. Eligible individuals reported having unprotected sex within the past 12 months and who tested negative for HIV were offered study participation. Despite offering procedures for evaluation and prescription for PrEP to 416 eligible subjects, less than 0.5 % of participants received the drug. Surveys collected from 54 of those who declined study participation revealed multiple barriers to PrEP among MSM including cost, low perceived risk of infection and concerns about taking a daily medication and potential long-term side effects. Efforts should be made to address these barriers, especially lowering the cost of TDF-FTC, education about PrEP side effects and awareness of HIV risks. PMID:25017425

King, Helen L; Keller, Samuel B; Giancola, Michael A; Rodriguez, David A; Chau, Jasmine J; Young, Jason A; Little, Susan J; Smith, Davey M

2014-09-01

36

Alternative Evaluation Research Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of a continuing series initiated to provide materials for teachers, parents, school administrators, and governmental decision-makers that might encourage reexamination of a range of evaluation issues and perspectives about schools and schooling. This monograph is a description and analysis of two contrasting paradigms: one…

Patton, Michael Quinn

37

The design and research of poverty alleviation monitoring and evaluation system: a case study in the Jiangxi province  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Poverty Alleviation Monitoring and Evaluation System (PAMES) is introduced in this paper. The authors present environment platform selection, and details of system design and realization. Different with traditional research of poverty alleviation, this paper develops a new analytical geo-visualization approach to study the distribution and causes of poverty phenomena within Geographic Information System (GIS). Based on the most detailed poverty population data, the spatial location and population statistical indicators of poverty village in Jiangxi province, the distribution characteristics of poverty population are detailed. The research results can provide much poverty alleviation decision support from a spatial-temporal view. It should be better if the administrative unit of poverty-stricken area to be changed from county to village according to spatial distribution pattern of poverty.

Mo, Hong-yuan; Wang, Ying-jie; Yu, Zhuo-yuan

2009-07-01

38

Evaluative studies in nuclear medicine research. Progress report, October 1, 1979-June 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Effort since the last progress report (September 1979) has been directed toward assessing the potential short and long term benefits of continued development and application and medical research of emission computed tomograhy (ECT). This report contains a review of existing ECT technology, including functional descriptions of current and proposed image systems, for both sngle-photon ECT (SPECT) and positron ECT (PECT) approaches. Medical research and clinical topics to which ECT has been, or may be, applied are presented. One such area of investigation involves the effects of stroke. The application of ECT to laboratory research, and to clinical diagnosis and prognosis, of stroke may result in improved management of the disease. An illustration of the potential savings in the cost of management of stroke due to the effects of applied ECT research is included. The results represent a compilation of data collected from conversations with, and conference presentations by, ECT users, researchers and image system designers, and from a review of the literature.

Potchen, E.J.

1980-07-01

39

Hyperacuity test to evaluate vision through dense cataracts: research preliminary to a clinical study in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using high luminance point-of-light stimuli, Vernier judgments can be made in the presence of markedly degraded retinal imagery. Without coaching, observers perform center-of-gravity assessments of relative locations of degraded point images. We seek to defined, presurgery, individuals who will derive the most benefit from advanced cataract removal (a form of triage), and to determine which of two cataractous eyes has the better postsurgical visual prognosis. There are incredible and growing backlogs of patients with severe cataracts (and other dense media opacities) in the developing world, and generally, limited resources are available for provision of health care. Postcataract surgical failure rates for good visual function are often high, and only one eye is operated on in over 95% of indigent patients treated. Prior to initiating advanced studies in the developing world, at Berkeley we conducted preliminary research on Vernier acuity test techniques on normal adult subjects. We sought to determine the number of repeat trials necessary; to compare a two-point and a three-point Vernier display; to determine the shape of the measured response function at large gap separations between test points (required when testing advanced cataract patients); to assess the effect(s) of a broad range of uncorrected refractive errors on outcomes; and to consider means to minimize refraction-based errors. From these and prior data and analyses, we defined a protocol for use in the developing world. Using a newly designed and rugged precision instrument, these tests were repeated on an advanced cataract population at Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, India. Although we had much prior experience in India, the initial protocol required major revision on site. Necessary changes in test methods and analytical approaches were made, and next stages in this program were planned. And a new and simple gap `visual acuity' (gap `VA') test was added to the protocol, which greatly facilitated the outcome. The presented material is of interest for several reasons: The health care problems addressed are of considerable social and economic importance; it is valuable to compare the initial protocol and instrument defined in Berkeley and the resultant protocol and instrument designs that finally evolved in India; and the difficulties encountered when seeking to adapt what we thought were simple techniques to patient populations and technical personnel in a `small town setting' (ca. 1 million inhabitants in Madurai alone) in rural south India, are worthy of note. We point out that the Aravind Eye Hospital is an ophthalmological exemplar in the developing world.

Enoch, Jay M.; Giraldez, Maria J.; Huang, Doahua; Hirose, Hiroshi; Knowles, Richard A.; Namperumalsamy, P.; LaBree, Lauri; Azen, Stanley P.

1995-03-01

40

Using Evaluation Results for Improving Teaching Practice: A Research Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study portrays how a male instructor, his peers, and the department head used feedback from student ratings. A case study approach was employed to provide a holistic mode of inquiry that would be consonant with the exploration of issues addressed by the study. The method selected provided understanding of the process and events taking place…

Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.; Stake, Robert E.

2012-01-01

41

The Logic of Research Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer suggestions about logical distinctions often overlooked in the evaluation of research, beginning with a strong plea not to treat technology as applied science, and especially not to treat research in technology as important only if it makes a contribution to scientific knowledge. They argue that the frameworks illustrated in this…

Scriven, Michael; Coryn, Chris L. S.

2008-01-01

42

The Oregon Studies in Educational Research, Development, Diffusion, and Evaluation. Volume I: Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume serves as an introduction to and a summary report of the project and provides a description of the context, the rationale, and the objectives of the Studies. The first five chapters describe the purposes to be served by the study, the preparations necessary to serve those purposes, the directions taken and the decisions made to…

Schalock, H. Del; And Others

43

Involving Employers in Training: Case Studies. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-J.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains in-depth descriptions and assessments of 17 exemplary employer-based training (EBT) programs that were studied as part of an examination of EBT programs. The case studies are based on site visits to each firm, during which interviews were conducted with company management, supervisors of workers in training, individuals…

Isbell, Kellie; Trutko, John W.; Barnow, Burt S.; Nightengale, Demetra; Pindus, Nancy

44

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH TO CONDUCT LIFE-CYCLE STUDY TO EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives an overview of, the schedule for outputs from, and the potential applications of research to use life-cycle assessment (LCA) principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (MSW) management options...

45

Program Evaluation - Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program Research and Development Projects Assessment of Benefits - Case Studies No. 2  

SciTech Connect

This report is the second of a series of studies to evaluate research and development (R&D) projects funded by the Automotive Lightweighting Materials (ALM) Program of the Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies (OAAT) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the program evaluation are to assess short-run outputs and long-run outcomes that may be attributable to the ALM R&D projects. The ALM program focuses on the development and validation of advanced technologies that significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost. Funded projects range from fundamental materials science research to applied research in production environments. Collaborators on these projects include national laboratories, universities, and private sector firms, such as leading automobile manufacturers and their suppliers. Three ALM R&D projects were chosen for this evaluation: Design and Product Optimization for Cast Light Metals, Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures, and Rapid Tooling for Functional Prototyping of Metal Mold Processes. These projects were chosen because they have already been completed. The first project resulted in development of a comprehensive cast light metal property database, an automotive application design guide, computerized predictive models, process monitoring sensors, and quality assurance methods. The second project, the durability of lightweight composite structures, produced durability-based design criteria documents, predictive models for creep deformation, and minimum test requirements and suggested test methods for establishing durability properties and characteristics of random glass-fiber composites for automotive structural composites. The durability project supported Focal Project II, a validation activity that demonstrates ALM program goals and reduces the lead time for bringing new technology into the marketplace. Focal projects concentrate on specific classes of materials and nonproprietary components and are done jointly by DOE and the Automotive Composites Consortium of U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR). The third project developed a rapid tooling process that reduces tooling time, originally some 48-52 weeks, to less than 12 weeks by means of rapid generation of die-casting die inserts and development of generic holding blocks, suitable for use with large casting applications. This project was conducted by the United States Automotive Materials Partnership, another USCAR consortium.

Das, S.

2003-01-23

46

National Job Corps Study: Report on the Process Analysis. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a process analysis that describes and documents Job Corps services and operations. Chapter one provides overviews of Job Corps, the national Job Corps study, and the process analysis. Chapter two describes the administrative structure of Job Corps and presents data on the geographic distribution and characteristics…

Johnson, Terry; Gritz, Mark; Jackson, Russell; Burghardt, John; Boussy, Carol; Leonard, Jan; Orians, Carlyn

47

A Study of Austenite Precipitate Growth in Duplex Stainless Steel A Research Performance Evaluation  

E-print Network

for the transformation to take place; long-range diffusion of substitutional and interstitial alloying elements, and also. The thermodynamics of austenite decomposition into ferrite in iron-carbon alloys have been studied and well ferrite [e.g. 4], and to reactions involving other elements. Diffusion data for most common alloying

McGaughey, Alan

48

Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model over Portugal: Case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Established in 1756 the Demarcated Douro Region, became the first viticulturist region to be delimited and regulated under worldwide scale. The region has an area of 250000 hectares, from which 45000 are occupied by continuous vineyards (IVDP, 2010). It stretches along the Douro river valleys and its main streams, from the region of Mesăo Frio, about 100 kilometers east from Porto town where this river discharges till attaining the frontier with Spain in the east border. Due to its stretching and extension in the W-E direction accompanying the Douro Valley, it is not strange that the region is not homogeneous having, therefore, three sub-regions: Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior. The Baixo Corgo the most western region is the "birthplace" of the viticulturalist region. The main purpose of this work is to evaluate and test the quality of a criterion developed to determine the occurrence of frost. This criterion is to be used latter by numerical weather forecasts (WRF-ARW) and put into practice in 16 meteorological stations in the Demarcated Douro Region. Firstly, the criterion was developed to calculate the occurrence of frost based on the meteorological data observed in those 16 stations. Time series of temperatures and precipitation were used for a period of approximately 20 years. It was verified that the meteorological conditions associated to days with frost (SG) and without frost (CG) are different in each station. Afterwards, the model was validated, especially in what concerns the simulation of the daily minimal temperature. Correcting functions were applied to the data of the model, having considerably diminished the errors of simulation. Then the criterion of frost estimate was applied do the output of the model for a period of 2 frost seasons. The results show that WRF simulates successfully the appearance of frost episodes and so can be used in the frost forecasting.

Rodrigues, Mónica; Rocha, Alfredo; Monteiro, Ana

2013-04-01

49

The burden of research on trauma for respondents: a prospective and comparative study on respondents evaluations and predictors.  

PubMed

The possible burden of participating in trauma research is an important topic for Ethical Committees (EC's), Review Boards (RB's) and researchers. However, to what extent research on trauma is more burdensome than non-trauma research is unknown. Little is known about which factors explain respondents evaluations on the burden: to what extent are they trauma-related or dependent on other factors such as personality and how respondents evaluate research in general? Data of a large probability based multi-wave internet panel, with surveys on politics and values, personality and health in 2009 and 2011, and a survey on trauma in 2012 provided the unique opportunity to address these questions. Results among respondents confronted with these events in the past 2 years (N = 950) showed that questions on trauma were significantly and systematically evaluated as less pleasant (enjoyed less), more difficult, but also stimulated respondents to think about things more than almost all previous non-trauma surveys. Yet, the computed effect sizes indicated that the differences were (very) small and often meaningless. No differences were found between users and non-users of mental services, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms. Evaluations of the burden of previous surveys in 2011 on politics and values, personality and health most strongly, systematically and independently predicted the burden of questions on trauma, and not posttraumatic stress symptoms, event-related coping self-efficacy and personality factors. For instance, multiple linear regression analyses showed that 30% of the variance of how (un)pleasant questions on trauma and life-events were evaluated, was explained by how (un)pleasant the 3 surveys in 2011 were evaluated, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms (not significant) and coping self-efficacy (5%). Findings question why EC's, RB's and researchers should be more critical of the possible burden of trauma research than of the possible burden of other non-trauma research. PMID:24204785

van der Velden, Peter G; Bosmans, Mark W G; Scherpenzeel, Annette C

2013-01-01

50

Measuring law for evaluation research.  

PubMed

Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and methodological challenges. This article offers detailed guidance for conducting successful multidisciplinary evaluations that use legal data. It addresses major issues that commonly arise and offers practical solutions based both on the authors' extensive experience and recommended best practices developed in concert with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Public Health Law Research Program. PMID:20479214

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C

2010-06-01

51

Contribution of Genome-Wide Association Studies to Scientific Research: A Pragmatic Approach to Evaluate Their Impact  

PubMed Central

The factual value of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for the understanding of multifactorial diseases is a matter of intense debate. Practical consequences for the development of more effective therapies do not seem to be around the corner. Here we propose a pragmatic and objective evaluation of how much new biology is arising from these studies, with particular attention to the information that can help prioritize therapeutic targets. We chose multiple sclerosis (MS) as a paradigm disease and assumed that, in pre-GWAS candidate-gene studies, the knowledge behind the choice of each gene reflected the understanding of the disease prior to the advent of GWAS. Importantly, this knowledge was based mainly on non-genetic, phenotypic grounds. We performed single-gene and pathway-oriented comparisons of old and new knowledge in MS by confronting an unbiased list of candidate genes in pre-GWAS association studies with those genes exceeding the genome-wide significance threshold in GWAS published from 2007 on. At the single gene level, the majority (94 out of 125) of GWAS-discovered variants had never been contemplated as plausible candidates in pre-GWAS association studies. The 31 genes that were present in both pre- and post-GWAS lists may be of particular interest in that they represent disease-associated variants whose pathogenetic relevance is supported at the phenotypic level (i.e. the phenotypic information that steered their selection as candidate genes in pre-GWAS association studies). As such they represent attractive therapeutic targets. Interestingly, our analysis shows that some of these variants are targets of pharmacologically active compounds, including drugs that are already registered for human use. Compared with the above single-gene analysis, at the pathway level GWAS results appear more coherent with previous knowledge, reinforcing some of the current views on MS pathogenesis and related therapeutic research. This study presents a pragmatic approach that helps interpret and exploit GWAS knowledge. PMID:23967165

Germinario, Lorenzo; Alma, Eleonora; Briani, Martina; Di Segni, Noemi; Montesanti, Dalma; Pierelli, Giorgia; Cancrini, Fabiana; Lomonaco, Cristiano; Grassi, Francesca; Palmieri, Gabriella; Salvetti, Marco

2013-01-01

52

Measuring Law for Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and…

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

2010-01-01

53

Enhancing Research Capacity for Global Health: Evaluation of a Distance-Based Program for International Study Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Due to the increasing number of clinical trials conducted globally, there is a need for quality continuing education for health professionals in clinical research manager (CRM) roles. This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a distance-based continuing education program for CRMs working outside the…

Wilson, Lynda Law; Rice, Marti; Jones, Carolynn T.; Joiner, Cynthia; LaBorde, Jennifer; McCall, Kimberly; Jester, Penelope M.; Carter, Sheree C.; Boone, Chrissy; Onwuzuligbo, Uzoma; Koneru, Alaya

2013-01-01

54

Handbook in Research and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of principles, methods, and strategies useful in the planning, design, and evaluation of studies in education and the behavioral sciences. It is not a technical, detailed study, but an overview, a summary of alternatives, an exhibit of models, and a listing of strengths and weaknesses, useful as a checking and…

Isaac, Stephen; Michael, William B.

55

Management systems research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a Monte Carlo simulation of procurement activities at the NASA Ames Research Center is described. Data cover: simulation of the procurement cycle, construction of a performance evaluation model, examination of employee development, procedures and review of evaluation criteria for divisional and individual performance evaluation. Determination of the influences and apparent impact of contract type and structure and development of a management control system for planning and controlling manpower requirements.

Bruno, A. V.

1975-01-01

56

Best practice research scholarships: An evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Best Practice Research Scholarship programme (BPRS) was one of a series of initiatives designed by the English Department for Educational Studies (DfES) between 2000 and 2003, to support teachers’ continuing professional development. Each year, around 1,000 Scholarships of up to Ł3,000 each, were awarded to serving classroom teachers to engage in supported, school?focused research. This paper reports an evaluation

John Furlong; Jane Salisbury

2005-01-01

57

Photovoltaic evaluation study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Realizing the value and potential of PV-power as well as the growing need for increased cooperation and sharing of knowledge in the field of photovoltaics, FINNIDA and UNICEF decided to undertake a study of selected PV-projects. There were two main objectives for the study: To gather, compile, evaluate and share information on the photovoltaic technology appropriate to developing countries, and to promote the interest and competence of Finnish research institutes, consultants and manufacturers in photovoltaic development. For this purpose a joint evaluation of significant, primarily UN-supported projects providing for the basic needs of rural communities was undertaken. The Gambia and Kenya offered a variety of such projects, and were chosen as target countries for the study. The projects were chosen to be both comparable and complimentary. In the Gambia, the main subject was a partially integrated health and telecommunications project, but a long-operating drinking water pumping system was also studied. In Kenya, a health project in the Turkana area was examined, and also a large scale water pumping installation for fish farming. Field visits were made in order to verify and supplement the data gathered through document research and earlier investigations. Individual data gathering sheets for the project form the core of this study and are intended to give the necessary information in an organized and accessible format. The findings could practically be condensed into one sentence: PV-systems work very well, if properly designed and installed, but the resources and requirements of the recipients must be considered to a higher degree.

Johnson, G.; Heikkilae, M.; Melasuo, T.; Spanner, S.

58

Evaluation of research projects – Perspectives for applied research in food and agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the task of evaluating research projects’ relevance and scientific quality is addressed, and a pilot study is executed for five Danish food and agricultural research programmes. Literature reviewed emphasises the importance of context, of consistency and transparency and of the cost of evaluation. Moreover, the purpose of research evaluation is thoroughly examined. The method developed and implemented

S. M. Pedersen; M. V. Boesen; D. Baker; A. Larsen; J. L. Pedersen

2011-01-01

59

A systematic review evaluating the methodological aspects of meta-analyses of genetic association studies in cancer research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meta-analyses and Individual Patient Data (IPD) meta-analyses of genetic association studies are a powerful tool to summarize\\u000a the scientific evidences, however their application present considerable potential and several pitfalls. We reviewed systematically\\u000a all published meta-analyses and IPD meta-analyses of genetic association studies in the field of cancer research, searching\\u000a for relevant studies on the Medline, Embase, and HuGE Reviews Archive

Stefania Boccia; Emma De Feo; Paola Gallě; Francesco Gianfagna; Rosarita Amore; Gualtiero Ricciardi

2010-01-01

60

Evaluation Study on Simulation CAL in the Science Faculty of the Open University. CAL REsearch Group Technical Report No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes evaluations of two courses which were conducted, primarily through participant observation, in 1981. A general introduction looks at simulation in computer assisted learning (CAL) and at use of simulation CAL in the Open University science faculty. The first study discussed was based largely on a tutor's observations of…

Murphy, P. J.; And Others

61

Studies and research concerning BNFP: evaluation of spent-fuel-examination techniques for the Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant  

SciTech Connect

A study was made of various examinations which could be remotely performed on a production basis with spent fuel at the Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant (BNFP). These techniques could form an integral portion of fuel disassembly and canning operations. Their benefits accrue to either improved fuel storage, reprocessing, or both. In conjunctoin with these studies, evaluations have been made of the operational impact of receiving failed or canned fuel at the BNFP.

Anderson, R.T.; Gray, J.H.; Rogell, M.L.

1982-09-01

62

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies  

PubMed Central

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in ‘omics’ technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the “Nutritional Phenotype database” (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and different—omics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processed—omics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design and—omics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure. PMID:21052526

Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O.; Drevon, Christian A.; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C.; Müller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T.

2010-01-01

63

Voice communication research evaluation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aircraft voice communications may be degraded by a variety of sources such as electrical and/or acoustical noise, radio interference, jamming and various other forms of distraction. The Voice Communication Research and Evaluation System, located in the Biodynamics and Bioengineering Division of the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, has been developed for the comprehensive analysis and enhancement of operational voice communication. The basic system is comprised of a multi-station voice communication network consisting of the USAF standard aircraft intercommunication system, a standard A-19 diluter-demand oxygen regulation system and an on line computer data collection and data analysis system that displays results in real time. The system is housed in a large reverberation chamber containing a programmable sound source capable of reproducing the spectrum and level of any AF operational noise environment. Standardized voice communication effectiveness test materials are used to assess the performance of any aspect of the total voice communication link, however, emphasis is usually placed upon the performance of the aircrew members. This paper will descibe the salient features of this unique system and provide examples of its application to voice communication problems.

McKinley, R. L.

1980-05-01

64

Research for Better Schools: Research & Evaluation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research for Better Schools (RBS), a non-profit educational research and development firm serving the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S., offers a collection of "online resources from a variety of organizations that support both parent involvement in schools and outreach activities to the larger community." The website resources range from organizations that provide information on how schools and other educational programs work, to organizations that focus more specifically on mathematics.

65

Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research aims to address questions concerned with developing an understanding of the meaning and experience dimensions of humans’ lives and social worlds. Central to good qualitative research is whether the research participants’ subjective meanings, actions and social contexts, as understood by them, are illuminated. This paper aims to provide beginning researchers, and those unfamiliar with qualitative research, with an

Ellie Fossey; Carol Harvey; Fiona Mcdermott; Larry Davidson

2002-01-01

66

ACCELERATOR RESEARCH STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

ACCELERATOR RESEARCH STUDIES Task A: Study of the Physics of Space-Charge Dominated Beams for Advanced Accelerator Applications Task B: Studies of High-Power Gyroklystrons and Application to Linear Colliders Task C: Theory and Simulation of the Physics Space-Charge Dominated Beams Annual Report for the Period June 1, 2003 to May 31, 2004

P.G. O'Shea, M. Reiser, V. L. Granatstein, W. Lawson, I. Haber, R. Kishek

2004-01-23

67

Exploring perceived barriers, drivers, impacts and the need for evaluation of public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived public involvement (PI) barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and ways of evaluating PI approaches in health and social care research. Background Internationally and within the UK the recognition of potential benefits of PI in health and social care research is gathering momentum and PI is increasingly identified by organisations as a prerequisite for funding. However, there is relatively little examination of the impacts of PI and how those impacts might be measured. Design Mixed method, three-phase, modified Delphi technique, conducted as part of a larger MRC multiphase project. Sample Clinical and non-clinical academics, members of the public, research managers, commissioners and funders. Findings This study found high levels of consensus about the most important barriers and drivers to PI. There was acknowledgement that tokenism was common in relation to PI; and strong support for the view that demonstrating the impacts and value of PI was made more difficult by tokenistic practice. PI was seen as having intrinsic value; nonetheless, there was clear support for the importance of evaluating its impact. Research team cohesion and appropriate resources were considered essential to effective PI implementation. Panellists agreed that PI can be challenging, but can be facilitated by clear guidance, together with models of good practice and measurable standards. Conclusions This study is the first to present empirical evidence of the opinions voiced by key stakeholders on areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived PI barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and the need to evaluate PI. As such it further contributes to debate around best practice in PI, the potential for tokenism and how best to evaluate the impacts of PI. These findings have been used in the development of the Public Involvement Impact Assessment Framework (PiiAF), an online resource which offers guidance to researchers and members of the public involved in the PI process. PMID:24939808

Snape, D; Kirkham, J; Britten, N; Froggatt, K; Gradinger, F; Lobban, F; Popay, Jennie; Wyatt, K; Jacoby, Ann

2014-01-01

68

Evaluation innovation research performance and trend of the worldwide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation is one of the most important fields in research and development of new knowledge or service today, making research innovation trend is an important issue. This study evaluates the worldwide innovation development trend of research for the past sixteen years and provides insights into the characteristics of innovation research activities to identify an innovation development map, tendencies, or regularities

James K. C. Chen; Yuh-Shan Ho; Ming-Huang Wang; Yih-Young Chen

2010-01-01

69

Home Start Evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of eight Home Start programs are given as the third section of an evaluation study. Communities involved are Binghamton, New York; Franklin, North Carolina; Cleveland, Ohio; Harrogate, Tennessee; Houston, Texas; Weslaco, Texas; Millville, Utah; Parkersburg, West Virginia. Although each study varies in format, each describes in detail…

High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI.

70

Home Start Evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of seven Home Start programs are given as the third section of an evaluation study. Communities involved are Huntsville, Alabama; Fairbanks, Alaska; Fort Defiance, Arizona; Dardanelle, Arkansas; Wichita, Kansas; Gloucester, Massachusetts; and Reno, Nevada. Although each study varies in format, each describes in detail the degree and…

High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI.

71

Excellence versus Relevance: The Evaluation of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British review process for policy-oriented research is described, focusing on the problems of keeping academic criteria and policy relevance distinct in the process. The use of multiple evaluative frameworks for policy-related research is advocated. (MSE)

Henkel, Mary

1986-01-01

72

Solving a methodological challenge in work stress evaluation with the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit (StART): a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Stress evaluation is a field of strong interest and challenging due to several methodological aspects in the evaluation process. The aim of this study is to propose a study protocol to test a new method (i.e., the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit) to assess psychosocial risk factors at work. Design This method addresses several methodological issues (e.g., subjective vs. objective, qualitative vs quantitative data) by assessing work-related stressors using different kinds of data: i) organisational archival data (organisational indicators sheet); ii) qualitative data (focus group); iii) worker perception (questionnaire); and iv) observational data (observational checklist) using mixed methods research. In addition, it allows positive and negative aspects of work to be considered conjointly, using an approach that considers at the same time job demands and job resources. Discussion The integration of these sources of data can reduce the theoretical and methodological bias related to stress research in the work setting, allows researchers and professionals to obtain a reliable description of workers’ stress, providing a more articulate vision of psychosocial risks, and allows a large amount of data to be collected. Finally, the implementation of the method ensures in the long term a primary prevention for psychosocial risk management in that it aims to reduce or modify the intensity, frequency or duration of organisational demands. PMID:23799950

2013-01-01

73

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S FOUR LAB STUDY: TOXICOLOGICCAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS (DBPS) AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES FOR A LARGE U. S. EPA MULTILABORATORY STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Office of Research and Development's Four Lab Study: Toxicological and Chemical Evaluation of Complex Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), and Quality Assurance Activities for a Large U.S. EPA Multilaboratoty Study Thomas J. Hughes, Project and QA Manager, Expe...

74

Reflection on Four Multisite Evaluation Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do the findings of four National Science Foundation evaluation case studies suggest to an evaluation scholar who was not part of the research team that created them? This chapter carefully reviews the cases and summarizes their comparative findings. The four Beyond Use case studies add to the literature on levels of evaluation use, with the…

Brandon, Paul R.

2011-01-01

75

Evaluation of Urinary Protein Precipitation Protocols for the Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain Research Network  

PubMed Central

Standardization of sample collection, shipping, and storage has been a major focus of biorepositories servicing large, multi-institute studies. The standardization of total protein concentration measurements may also provide an important metric for characterizing biospecimens. The measurement of total protein concentration in urine is challenging because of widely variable sample dilutions obtained in the clinic and the lack of a reference matrix for use with a standard curve and blank subtraction. Urinary proteins are therefore typically precipitated and reconstituted in a reference solution before quantitation. We have tested three different methods for protein precipitation and evaluated them using variability in total protein concentration measurement as a metric. The methods were tested on four urine samples ranging from very concentrated to very dilute. A method using a commercially available kit provided the most reproducible results, with average coefficients of variation <10%. Addition of a freeze/thaw did not lead to significant protein loss or additional variability. Samples were titrated and the measurements obtained appeared to be linearly correlated with sample starting volume. This method was applied to analysis of 77 urine biorepository samples and provided reproducible results when the same sample was assayed on different microwell plates. PMID:25365794

Jonscher, Karen R.; Osypuk, Andrea A.; van Bokhoven, Adrie; Lucia, M. Scott

2014-01-01

76

EQUIPT: protocol of a comparative effectiveness research study evaluating cross-context transferability of economic evidence on tobacco control  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tobacco smoking claims 700?000 lives every year in Europe and the cost of tobacco smoking in the EU is estimated between €98 and €130 billion annually; direct medical care costs and indirect costs such as workday losses each represent half of this amount. Policymakers all across Europe are in need of bespoke information on the economic and wider returns of investing in evidence-based tobacco control, including smoking cessation agendas. EQUIPT is designed to test the transferability of one such economic evidence base—the English Tobacco Return on Investment (ROI) tool—to other EU member states. Methods and analysis EQUIPT is a multicentre, interdisciplinary comparative effectiveness research study in public health. The Tobacco ROI tool already developed in England by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) will be adapted to meet the needs of European decision-makers, following transferability criteria. Stakeholders' needs and intention to use ROI tools in sample countries (Germany, Hungary, Spain and the Netherlands) will be analysed through interviews and surveys and complemented by secondary analysis of the contextual and other factors. Informed by this contextual analysis, the next phase will develop country-specific ROI tools in sample countries using a mix of economic modelling and Visual Basic programming. The results from the country-specific ROI models will then be compared to derive policy proposals that are transferable to other EU states, from which a centralised web tool will be developed. This will then be made available to stakeholders to cater for different decision-making contexts across Europe. Ethics and dissemination The Brunel University Ethics Committee and relevant authorities in each of the participating countries approved the protocol. EQUIPT has a dedicated work package on dissemination, focusing on stakeholders’ communication needs. Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, e-learning resources and policy briefs. PMID:25421342

Pokhrel, Subhash; Evers, Silvia; Leidl, Reiner; Trapero-Bertran, Marta; Kalo, Zoltan; de Vries, Hein; Crossfield, Andrea; Andrews, Fiona; Rutter, Ailsa; Coyle, Kathryn; Lester-George, Adam; West, Robert; Owen, Lesley; Jones, Teresa; Vogl, Matthias; Radu-Loghin, Cornel; Voko, Zoltan; Huic, Mirjana; Coyle, Doug

2014-01-01

77

Research into Research: SUPER Project Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SUPER Project is a collaborative research effort which has been in place for two years. This article presents case studies of this project and offers suggestions for extending it. Schools that have become the partners of research institutions are being encouraged to make research one of their institutionalized functions. (VM)

Gifford, Bernard R.; Gabelko, Nina H.

1987-01-01

78

Evaluation and Ranking of Researchers – Bh Index  

PubMed Central

Evaluation and ranking of every author is very crucial as it is widely used to evaluate the performance of the researcher. This article proposes a new method, called Bh-Index, to evaluate the researchers based on the publications and citations. The method is built on h-Index and only the h-core articles are taken into consideration. The method assigns value additions to those articles that receive significantly high citations in comparison to the h-Index of the researcher. It provides a wide range of values for a given h-Index and effective evaluation even for a short period. Use of Bh-Index along with the h-Index gives a powerful tool to evaluate the researchers. PMID:24349183

Bharathi, D. Gnana

2013-01-01

79

Pyrolysis system evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of two different pyrolysis concepts which recover energy from solid waste was conducted in order to determine the merits of each concept for integration into a Integrated Utility System (IUS). The two concepts evaluated were a Lead Bath Furnace Pyrolysis System and a Slagging Vertical Shaft, Partial Air Oxidation Pyrolysis System. Both concepts will produce a fuel gas from the IUS waste and sewage sludge which can be used to offset primary fuel consumption in addition to the sanitary disposal of the waste. The study evaluated the thermal integration of each concept as well as the economic impact on the IUS resulting from integrating each pyrolysis concepts. For reference, the pyrolysis concepts were also compared to incineration which was considered the baseline IUS solid waste disposal system.

1974-01-01

80

Accelerator research studies  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the first year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams, TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams; TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders. In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

Not Available

1992-01-01

81

The COMPASS study: a longitudinal hierarchical research platform for evaluating natural experiments related to changes in school-level programs, policies and built environment resources  

PubMed Central

Background Few researchers have the data required to adequately understand how the school environment impacts youth health behaviour development over time. Methods/Design COMPASS is a prospective cohort study designed to annually collect hierarchical longitudinal data from a sample of 90 secondary schools and the 50,000+ grade 9 to 12 students attending those schools. COMPASS uses a rigorous quasi-experimental design to evaluate how changes in school programs, policies, and/or built environment (BE) characteristics are related to changes in multiple youth health behaviours and outcomes over time. These data will allow for the quasi-experimental evaluation of natural experiments that will occur within schools over the course of COMPASS, providing a means for generating “practice based evidence” in school-based prevention programming. Discussion COMPASS is the first study with the infrastructure to robustly evaluate the impact that changes in multiple school-level programs, policies, and BE characteristics within or surrounding a school might have on multiple youth health behaviours or outcomes over time. COMPASS will provide valuable new insight for planning, tailoring and targeting of school-based prevention initiatives where they are most likely to have impact. PMID:24712314

2014-01-01

82

Evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies  

PubMed Central

Ontologies are now pervasive in biomedicine, where they serve as a means to standardize terminology, to enable access to domain knowledge, to verify data consistency and to facilitate integrative analyses over heterogeneous biomedical data. For this purpose, research on biomedical ontologies applies theories and methods from diverse disciplines such as information management, knowledge representation, cognitive science, linguistics and philosophy. Depending on the desired applications in which ontologies are being applied, the evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies must follow different strategies. Here, we provide a classification of research problems in which ontologies are being applied, focusing on the use of ontologies in basic and translational research, and we demonstrate how research results in biomedical ontologies can be evaluated. The evaluation strategies depend on the desired application and measure the success of using an ontology for a particular biomedical problem. For many applications, the success can be quantified, thereby facilitating the objective evaluation and comparison of research in biomedical ontology. The objective, quantifiable comparison of research results based on scientific applications opens up the possibility for systematically improving the utility of ontologies in biomedical research. PMID:22962340

Dumontier, Michel; Gkoutos, Georgios V.

2013-01-01

83

Evaluation Criteria for Participatory Research: Insights from Coastal Uruguay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution.

Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

2014-07-01

84

Outcomes from Combining Work and Tertiary Study. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working in some capacity is almost considered de rigueur for tertiary students. The reasons for working and the impact this has on both an individual's ability to complete their studies and on their post-study labour market outcomes are only recently receiving attention. Using the 1995 and 1998 cohorts of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian…

Polidano, Cain; Zakirova, Rezida

2011-01-01

85

Evaluation of a Teleform-based data collection system: a multi-center obesity research case study.  

PubMed

Utilizing electronic data capture (EDC) systems in data collection and management allows automated validation programs to preemptively identify and correct data errors. For our multi-center, prospective study we chose to use TeleForm, a paper-based data capture software that uses recognition technology to create case report forms (CRFs) with similar functionality to EDC, including custom scripts to identify entry errors. We quantified the accuracy of the optimized system through a data audit of CRFs and the study database, examining selected critical variables for all subjects in the study, as well as an audit of all variables for 25 randomly selected subjects. Overall we found 6.7 errors per 10,000 fields, with similar estimates for critical (6.9/10,000) and non-critical (6.5/10,000) variables-values that fall below the acceptable quality threshold of 50 errors per 10,000 established by the Society for Clinical Data Management. However, error rates were found to widely vary by type of data field, with the highest rate observed with open text fields. PMID:24709056

Jenkins, Todd M; Wilson Boyce, Tawny; Akers, Rachel; Andringa, Jennifer; Liu, Yanhong; Miller, Rosemary; Powers, Carolyn; Ralph Buncher, C

2014-06-01

86

9 CFR 104.4 - Products for research and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...biological product for research and evaluation shall...biological product for research and evaluation shall not be issued unless the scientific capabilities of the...under this section for research and evaluation...

2014-01-01

87

RESEARCH GUIDANCE STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

This represents the final report of the current contract. The major accomplishments achieved during the execution of this contract fulfilled the deliverables requirements of the contract. Overall the major accomplishments by Task area are summarized below. In Task area 1, Coal Fuels area, the major accomplishments were the preparation of the comprehensive Multi Year Program Plan (MYPP) for the Ultra-Clean Transportation Fuels Initiative (UCTFI) team, updating the complex coal fuels production models from coal including the development of a comprehensive coproduction model. In addition work accomplished included an exhaustive analysis of direct coal liquefaction and coprocessing of coals and heavy oils. Also completed was a comprehensive study on the benefits to the nation of an ultra clean fuels from coal program. In Task 4 several accomplishments were made. These included modification of the complex gasification models to include capabilities for analysis of petroleum coke gasification in refineries and for the production of hydrogen with and without carbon dioxide sequestration, development of a sound methodology and results to analyze the potential for market penetration of IGCC in several NERC reliability regions of the U.S. and completion and documentation of several studies on coproduction of power and ultra clean fuels. The major accomplishments in Task 5 included analysis of the options to optimize the value of Alaska North Slope (ANS) natural gas, evaluation of the impact of ceramic membranes on the GTL process, and analysis of the real value of the GTL product.

David Gray

2000-10-01

88

Interviewer as Instrument: Accounting for Human Factors in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This methodological study examines an original data collection model designed to incorporate human factors and enhance data richness in qualitative and evaluation research. Evidence supporting this model is drawn from in-depth youth and adult interviews in one of the largest policy/program evaluations undertaken in the United States, the Drug,…

Brown, Joel H.

2006-01-01

89

Research Issues in Evaluating Learning Pattern Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concludes the special issue of "Studies in Educational Evaluation" concerned with "Evaluating learning pattern development in higher education" by discussing research issues that have emerged from the previous contributions. The article considers in turn: stability versus variability in learning patterns; old versus new analytic…

Richardson, John T. E.

2013-01-01

90

76 FR 76417 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for Head Start Research and Evaluation. General Function of Committee...for Head Start Research and Evaluation will provide feedback on the...Planning, Research, and Evaluation, email jennifer.brooks...topics of quality teaching and learning; parent, family, and...

2011-12-07

91

Evaluation and Research Center for Project Head Start, University of South Carolina. Interim Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an interim evaluation report of language development curriculums in full year Head Start programs operating in the five state area the Research and Evaluation Center serves. One experimental study in language development carried on in cooperation with the Texas and Tulane centers is reported in depth. The study was implemented in…

Friedman, Myles I.

92

Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of papers published in the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" during 2000-2001: (1) "Advantages of Hierarchical Linear Modeling" (Jason W. Osborne); (2) "Prediction in Multiple Regression" (Jason W. Osborne); (3) Scoring Rubrics: What, When, and How?" (Barbara M. Moskal); (4) "Organizational…

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schafer, William D., Ed.

2001-01-01

93

Evaluating Nursing Education: A Research Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual details a research design for the longitudinal and comparative evaluation of nursing education currently being conducted by the National Second Step Project at Sonoma State University. Chapter 1 describes the purpose, background, and context and substance of the Second Step model. Chapter 2 considers the design of a multicampus…

Jako, Katherine L.; And Others

94

Evaluating the BK 21 Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brain Korea 21 program (BK21), an effort to improve Korean universities and research, has attracted a great deal of attention in Korea, producing the need to understand how well the program is meeting its goals. RAND developed a logic model for identifying program goals and dynamics, suggested quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods,…

Seong, Somi; Popper, Steven W.; Goldman, Charles A.; Evans, David K.; Grammich, Clifford A.

2008-01-01

95

Mathematics Laboratories: Implementation, Research, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reviews the mathematical laboratory from three perspectives: a practical view of laboratories in operation, a review of related research, and a view of current laboratory evaluation procedures. After a discussion of definitions, types, and purposes of math labs, the first paper concentrates on their historical development in…

Fitzgerald, William M., Ed.; Higgins, Jon L., Ed.

96

Selecting, developing, and evaluating research instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper is to provide researchers who are not experts in psychometric theory with a concise guide to instrument\\u000a selection, development and evaluation. Issues of context – factors related to the setting or population in which an instrument\\u000a will be used – and psychometrics – the functioning of an instrument within a given context – are reviewed

G. E. Switzer; S. R. Wisniewski; S. H. Belle; M. A. Dew; R. Schultz

1999-01-01

97

Toward better case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study research can make important contributions to the field of professional communication if the research is carried out with rigor. The paper discusses inaccurate uses of the term “case study” and then presents ideas for conducting more rigorous case studies. Advantages and disadvantages are described, as well as typical techniques, such as interviews, logs, and visual and verbal protocols

M ARY SUE MACNEALY

1997-01-01

98

A case study of the Secure Anonymous Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway: A privacy-protecting remote access system for health-related research and evaluation?  

PubMed Central

With the current expansion of data linkage research, the challenge is to find the balance between preserving the privacy of person-level data whilst making these data accessible for use to their full potential. We describe a privacy-protecting safe haven and secure remote access system, referred to as the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway. The Gateway provides data users with a familiar Windows interface and their usual toolsets to access approved anonymously-linked datasets for research and evaluation. We outline the principles and operating model of the Gateway, the features provided to users within the secure environment, and how we are approaching the challenges of making data safely accessible to increasing numbers of research users. The Gateway represents a powerful analytical environment and has been designed to be scalable and adaptable to meet the needs of the rapidly growing data linkage community. PMID:24440148

Jones, Kerina H.; Ford, David V.; Jones, Chris; Dsilva, Rohan; Thompson, Simon; Brooks, Caroline J.; Heaven, Martin L.; Thayer, Daniel S.; McNerney, Cynthia L.; Lyons, Ronan A.

2014-01-01

99

A case study of the Secure Anonymous Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway: a privacy-protecting remote access system for health-related research and evaluation.  

PubMed

With the current expansion of data linkage research, the challenge is to find the balance between preserving the privacy of person-level data whilst making these data accessible for use to their full potential. We describe a privacy-protecting safe haven and secure remote access system, referred to as the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway. The Gateway provides data users with a familiar Windows interface and their usual toolsets to access approved anonymously-linked datasets for research and evaluation. We outline the principles and operating model of the Gateway, the features provided to users within the secure environment, and how we are approaching the challenges of making data safely accessible to increasing numbers of research users. The Gateway represents a powerful analytical environment and has been designed to be scalable and adaptable to meet the needs of the rapidly growing data linkage community. PMID:24440148

Jones, Kerina H; Ford, David V; Jones, Chris; Dsilva, Rohan; Thompson, Simon; Brooks, Caroline J; Heaven, Martin L; Thayer, Daniel S; McNerney, Cynthia L; Lyons, Ronan A

2014-08-01

100

Research and Evaluation Competencies Needed by Vocational Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 56-item rating scale of research and evaluation competencies for vocational educators was developed. Four skill categories were included: (1) reviewing and analyzing completed research; (2) conducting research; (3) conducting evaluation; and (4) managing research and evaluation activities. Respondents were asked to rate each of the items,…

Owenby, Ermine M.; Thomas, Hollie B.

101

Ithaca College Department of Biology STUDENT RESEARCH EVALUATION FORM  

E-print Network

Ithaca College Department of Biology 2003-2004 STUDENT RESEARCH EVALUATION FORM Evaluation forms to write the required research paper without substantial supervision - does the paper reflect their own with a research experience and for assisting the Biology Department in evaluating this research. #12;

102

HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTION PROGRAM Office of the Vice President for Research and Graduate Studies  

E-print Network

of ethics, individual responsibility, and institutional policy. Research with human subjects by agentsHUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTION PROGRAM Office of the Vice President for Research and Graduate Studies and evaluation of our human research protection program, in pursuit of its research, teaching, and service

103

The Associative Group Analysis Method and Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an overview, description, and assessment of the Associative Group Analysis method for studying conceptual development and changes in belief systems. Three specific applications to evaluation research tasks are used to illustrate its potential. Uses in areas of cross-cultural issues, beliefs, integration, and adaptation are…

Kelly, Rita Mae

1985-01-01

104

Teaching Students to Evaluate Source Reliability during Internet Research Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the overwhelming use of the Internet as an educational\\/informational resource, research has found that learners are woefully in need of guidance on how to use this resource effectively, and subsequently identify reliable sources of information from unreliable. This study seeks to address this issue through the SEEK training program, which encourages learners to evaluate the source and quality of

Christopher A. Sanchez; Susan R. Goldman

2006-01-01

105

Report on the evaluation of the National Research Foundation (NRF)  

E-print Network

Report on the evaluation of the National Research Foundation (NRF) Programmes directed at research and research capacity development at Technikons Report by independent panel 29 JULY TO 8 AUGUST 2001 #12;1 Report on the evaluation of the National Research Foundation (NRF) Programmes directed at research

Wild, Marcel

106

Evaluating the ethical acceptability of animal research.  

PubMed

The ethical acceptability of animal research is typically evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Legislation such as Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes provides guidance for ethical evaluation of animal use proposals but does not dictate the outcome, leaving this determination to the ethical review committees of individual institutions. The authors assess different ethics models and how these are reflected in the guidelines of Directive 2010/63/EU. They also describe a matrix for carrying out harm-benefit analyses of animal use proposals, which they identified by examining the practices of three ethical review committees in the Netherlands. Finally, they discuss how this matrix can be applied by ethical review committees at other institutions. PMID:25333594

Bout, Henriëtte J; Fentener van Vlissingen, J Martje; Karssing, Edgar D

2014-11-01

107

FDA: Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is "to protect and enhance the public health through the regulation of biological and related products including blood, vaccines, allergenics, tissues, and cellular and gene therapies." Their mission is an important one, and consumers and scientists will want to bookmark this page and return to it on a regular basis. On this page, visitors can sign up for their RSS feed and read through some key resources. Users can also browse resources on biologics depending on their needs: consumer, healthcare and industry level information is provided.

108

International Research and Studies Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Research and Studies Program supports surveys, studies, and instructional materials development to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields. The purpose of the program is to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies and other…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

109

UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1969, the Chicano Studies Research Center at UCLA places a premium on "interdisciplinary and collaborative research that analyzes issues critical to the knowledge of Chicano and Latino communities in the United States." Visitors to their site will find information on their ongoing research projects, such as the Mexican-American Study Project, a 30-year longitudinal and inter-generational study of the Mexican-origin people. Scholars will find the section devoted to the Center's publications quite helpful, as it contains links to "Azatlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies" and a series of policy briefs addressing issues affecting the Latino community. For persons looking for more detailed scholarship within the field of Chicano studies, a link to the research center library is also provided.

110

Tuberculosis care: an evaluability study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: to verify whether the tuberculosis control program (TCP) is evaluable and to examine the feasibility of building an evaluation model in apriority municipality for the control of tuberculosis. METHOD: this evaluability study was conducted in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. For data collection, documental analysis and interviews with key informants were performed. For indicator validation, the nominal group technique was adopted. RESULTS: the details of TCP were described, and both the logical model and the classification framework for indicators were developed and agreed up on, with the goal of characterizing the structural elements of the program, defining the structure and process indicators, and formulating the evaluation questions. CONCLUSION: TCP is evaluable. Based on logical operational analysis, it was possible to evaluate the adequacy of the program goals for the control of tuberculosis. Therefore, the performance of a summative evaluation is recommended, with a focus on the analysis of the effects of tuberculosis control interventions on decreasing morbidity and mortality. PMID:25493675

Coelho, Ardigleusa Alves; Martiniano, Cláudia Santos; Brito, Ewerton Willian Gomes; Negrăo, Oswaldo Gomes Corręa; Arcęncio, Ricardo Alexandre; Uchôa, Severina Alice da Costa

2014-01-01

111

PSY 7000 (2 year) Research Project Evaluation Form  

E-print Network

(Foundational Competency) & Research/Evaluation (Functional Competency) and Ethical Legal Standards and PolicyPSY 7000 (2 nd year) Research Project Evaluation Form: Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency) Counseling Psychology Program Texas Tech University Student's Name Year in Program

Gelfond, Michael

112

FINAL REPORT ON HEAD START EVALUATION AND RESEARCH--1966-67 TO THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. SECTION VII, SENSORY AND PERCEPTUAL STUDIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THREE STUDIES OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ARE INCLUDED IN THIS EVALUATION REPORT. (1) "'NEURAL CONDUCTIVITY' AND ACHIEVEMENT IN CULTURALLY DEPRIVED STUDENTS." NEURAL CONDUCTIVITY WAS INFERRED FROM A CORRELATION BETWEEN PUPILLARY RESPONSE AND CHILDREN'S PRESCHOOL PERFORMANCE. COMPLICATIONS IN ACQUIRING AND USING THE NECESSARY EQUIPMENT RESULTED IN THE…

HOLMES, DAVID S.; AND OTHERS

113

Self-evaluation of the research programme of  

E-print Network

Self-evaluation of the research programme of Eindhoven School of Education (ESoE) Eindhoven of Education (ESoE) Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) 2007 ­ 2012 #12;Self-evaluation research programme ESoE 2 Self-evaluation Of the research programme of Eindhoven School of Education (ESoE) Eindhoven

Franssen, Michael

114

Weapon research project cost evaluation method based on technology readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional weapon research project pricing method makes the bigger valuation cost, the more profit research department is got. The weapon research department always loses the driver of saving cost and controlling expenditure. This paper identifies the technology units, evaluates technology risk based on technology readiness theory. According to value engineering methods, it provides weapon research project cost evaluation method from

Tengda Guo; Mengjun Li; Chaomin Ou

2011-01-01

115

Ithaca College Department of Biology STUDENT RESEARCH EVALUATION FORM  

E-print Network

Ithaca College Department of Biology STUDENT RESEARCH EVALUATION FORM Evaluation forms must be completed by the off-campus Research Advisor and sent directly to the Faculty Sponsor in the Biology in the research? 6. Was the student able to write the required research paper without substantial supervision

116

Toolkit for evaluating impacts of public participation in scientific research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Toolkit for Evaluating Impacts of Public Participation in Scientific Research is being developed to meet a major need in the field of visitor studies: To provide project developers and other professionals, especially those with limited knowledge or understanding of evaluation techniques, with a systematic method for assessing project impact that facilitates longitudinal and cross-project comparisons. The need for the toolkit was first identified at the Citizen Science workshop held at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology in 2007 (McEver et al. 2007) and reaffirmed by a CAISE inquiry group that produced the recent report: "Public Participation in Scientific Research: Defining the Field and Assessing its Potential for Informal Science Education" (Bonney et al. 2009). This presentation will introduce the Toolkit, show how it is intended to be used, and describe ways that project directors can use their programmatic goals and use toolkit materials to outline a plan for evaluating the impacts of their project.

Bonney, R.; Phillips, T.

2011-12-01

117

Protection of Human Subjects: Implications for Social Studies Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current regulatory trends, policies, and procedures greatly affect social studies research using human subjects and evaluation of that research. The legal source of protection of human subjects is the National Research Act of 1974. The law stipulates that rights of research subjects must be protected and that the responsibility is on the…

Turner, Thomas N.

118

76 FR 17130 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for Head Start Research and Evaluation. General Function of Committee...for Head Start Research and Evaluation will provide feedback on the...Planning, Research, and Evaluation, e-mail jennifer.brooks...area of quality teaching and learning. Procedure: Interested...

2011-03-28

119

[Study on the test and evaluation of the toxicity of the strains preparation of the different subspecies of Bacillus thuringiensis and on the research into its standardization].  

PubMed

In this paper using the preparation of Bacillus thuringiensis of USA standard sample-subsp. kurstaki HD-1-S-1980 (H3a3b) the toxicity to different subspecies preparations such as subsp. dendrolimus U strain(H4a4b), subsp. galleriae C88 strain (H5a5b) is tested and evaluated. And product's standardization is also researched. Comparing their toxicity to various test-insects between the standard sample prepared from U strain and USA, standard sample, the boilogical determined results are as follows: the toxicity of U strain standard sample is respectively 18666.6 IU/mg(test-insects: Dendrolimus punctatus, 2nd larva), 22956.5 IU/mg(test-insects: Plutella kylostella, 2nd larva). The above-mentioned toxicity evaluations are higher than that of 16000 IU/mg of USA standard sample. The comparison in susceptibility shows as follows: suscepticibility of plutella kylostella is stronger than that of Dendrolimus punctatus. The products from U strain and C88 strain are trial-produced in medium-scale. The product's toxicity to test-insect Dendrolimus punctatus is determined using USA standard sample. The results are obtained as follows the toxicity evaluation of U strain products is 36444.4 IU/mg; that of C88 strain products is 28521.7 IU/mg. The both are obviously higher than that of USA standard sample. This proves that different subspecies strain's toxicity to the same test-insect is with defference and it is an important way to raise product's toxicity by improving and optimizing process in production. The whole experiment shows it is feasible to rectify the evaluation of the toxicity of our country's present products using USA standard sample, Dendrolimus punctatus and Plutella kylostella as test-insets. And it is simple and convienient as well as save time and save effort to make statistical analysis in computer with Basic program. To do statistical and operational analysis using our designed basic programming by micro-computer is more accurate and repid than by caculator. PMID:9206272

Li, Y; Zhao, L; Wu, T

1996-04-01

120

76 FR 44593 - Identifying the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's Science and Research Needs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Through external communication of the science and...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food...assessment and management strategies to reinforce the safe...types of regulatory communications to the public...

2011-07-26

121

Bioremediation of hazardous wastes. Research, development, and field evaluations, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Office of Research and Development (ORD) hosted the eighth annual Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes: Research, Development, and Field Evaluations in Rye Brook, New York, August 8-10, 1995. In this document, abstracts of paper and poster presentations from the symposium are organized within five key research and program areas: Bioremediation Field Initiative; Field research; Performance evaluation; Pilot-scale research; and Process research. The last section of the document includes abstracts of presentations on bioremediation research performed as part of the Hazardous Substance Research Center (HSRC) program.

Kremer, F.

1995-09-01

122

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis

Robert W. Karp

1994-01-01

123

BIQSFP-12-CEA-Study-Evaluation-Template  

Cancer.gov

BIQSFP ‘12 (Biomarker, Imaging, & Quality of Life Studies Funding Program) COST- EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS (CEA) Study Evaluation Template BIQSFP ‘12 CEA Study Evaluation Template 3/11,3/12 STUDY EVALUATION TEMPLATE Cost-Effectiveness

124

Ranking the research productivity of library and information science faculty and schools: An evaluation of data sources and research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the data sources and research methods used in earlier studies to rank the research productivity of Library and Information Science (LIS) faculty and schools. In doing so, the study identifies both tools and methods that generate more accurate publica- tion count rankings as well as databases that should be taken into consideration when conducting comprehen- sive searches

Lokman I. Meho; Kristina M. Spurgin

2005-01-01

125

Benefits and Barriers of User Evaluation in Software Engineering Research  

E-print Network

Benefits and Barriers of User Evaluation in Software Engineering Research Raymond P.L. Buse about, benefits from, and barriers to performing user evaluations in software engineer- ing research and identifies benefits from and barriers to performing them. In this paper, we use user evaluation to mean

Weimer, Westley

126

Industrial laser welding evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High power laser welding was evaluated for fabricating space vehicle boosters. This evaluation was made for 1/4 in. and 1/2 in. aluminum (2219) and 1/4 in. and 1/2 in. D6AC steel. The Avco HPL 10 kW industrial laser was used to perform the evaluation. The objective has been achieved through the completion of the following technical tasks: (1) parameter study to optimize welding and material parameters; (2) preparation of welded panels for MSFC evaluation; and (3) demonstration of the repeatability of laser welding equipment. In addition, the design concept for a laser welding system capable of welding large space vehicle boosters has been developed.

Hella, R.; Locke, E.; Ream, S.

1974-01-01

127

Enabling research in care homes: an evaluation of a national network of research ready care homes  

PubMed Central

Background In the UK care homes are one of the main providers of long term care for older people with dementia. Despite the recent increase in care home research, residents with dementia are often excluded from studies. Care home research networks have been recommended by the Ministerial Advisory Group on Dementia Research (MAGDR) as a way of increasing research opportunities for residents with dementia. This paper reports on an evaluation of the feasibility and early impact of an initiative to increase care home participation in research. Methods A two phase, mixed methods approach was used; phase 1 established a baseline of current and recent studies including the National Institute for Health Research portfolio. To explore the experiences of recruiting care homes and research participation, interviews were conducted with researchers working for the Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Network (DeNDRoN) and care home managers. In phase 2, four DeNDRoN area offices recruited care homes to a care home network for their region. The care home networks were separate from the DeNDRoN research network. Diaries were used to document and cost recruitment; DeNDRoN staff were interviewed to understand the barriers, facilitators and impact of the care home networks. Results Thirty three current or recent studies were identified as involving care homes as care home specific studies or those which included residents. Further details of care home recruitment were obtained on 20 studies by contacting study teams. Care home managers were keen to be involved in research that provided staff support, benefits for residents and with minimal disruption. In phase 2, 141 care homes were recruited to the care home research networks, through corporate engagement and individual invitation. Pre-existing relationships with care homes facilitated recruitment. Sites with minimal experience of working with care homes identified the need for care home training for researchers. Conclusions Phase 1 review revealed a small but increasing number of studies involving care homes. Phase 2 demonstrated the feasibility of care home research networks, their potential to increase recruitment to research and develop partnerships between health services and care homes, but highlighted the need for care home training for researchers. PMID:24708761

2014-01-01

128

Evaluation of statistical approaches in quantitative nursing research.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to (a) develop a tool to assess statistical methods and (b) use the tool to evaluate recently published quantitative research. We rated the statistical approaches used in 152 studies published in the 5 top impact-factor nursing research journals from September 2005 to August 2007. Studies were generally of high quality; 45% scored between 80% and 100%, and 22% achieved a score of 100%. Predictors of high scores were interdisciplinary authorship, a statistician coauthor, and the number of aims. The authors conclude that studies published in high impact-factor nursing journals are statistically sound and provide a solid foundation for evidence-based practice. PMID:19448031

Gross Cohn, Elizabeth; Haomiao Jia; Larson, Elaine

2009-08-01

129

Communicating Qualitative Research Study Designs to Research Ethics Review Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers using qualitative methodologies appear to be particularly prone to having their study designs called into question by research ethics or funding agency review committees. In this paper, the author considers the issue of communicating qualitative research study designs in the context of institutional research ethics review and offers…

Ells, Carolyn

2011-01-01

130

Evaluation in the Art-Historical Research Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to isolate some of the aspects in which the evaluative language most typical of research articles produced within the discipline of art history differs from the evaluation prevalent in academic discourse in other fields. (Author/VWL)

Tucker, Paul

2003-01-01

131

Usability Evaluation of a Research Repository and Collaboration Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports results from an empirical usability evaluation of Human-Animal Bond Research Initiative Central as part of the effort to develop an open access research repository and collaboration platform for human-animal bond researchers. By repurposing and altering key features of the original HUBzero system, Human-Animal Bond Research

Zhang, Tao; Maron, Deborah J.; Charles, Christopher C.

2013-01-01

132

Influence of Deontological and Teleological Factors on Research Ethics Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using factorially synthesized scenarios, the author examines the influence of deontological and teleological evaluation processes on the research ethics judgments of marketing professionals and their assessment of the appropriateness of the reward\\/discipline of a researcher for ethical\\/unethical research behavior. The results indicate that marketing professionals form research ethics judgments based primarily on deontological considerations and only secondarily on teleological considerations.

Ishmael P. Akaah

1997-01-01

133

Grounded theory research: Procedures, canons, and evaluative criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using grounded theory as an example, this paper examines three methodological questions that are generally applicable to all qualitative methods. How should the usual scientific canons be reinterpreted for qualitative research? How should researchers report the procedures and canons used in their research? What evaluative criteria should be used in judging the research products? We propose that the criteria should

Juliet M. Corbin; Anselm Strauss

1990-01-01

134

ATBC Study - Research Collaboration Procedures  

Cancer.gov

The two international partners of this project - the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institute for Health and Welfare of Finland (THL) - have primary responsibility for project research management, coordination, and oversight. The Nutritional Epidemiology Branch (NEB) represents the NCI in this regard. Study proposals for collaboration are submitted to the NCI or NPHI Principal Investigators (Dr. Albanes and Dr. Virtamo, respectively), and are reviewed at both institutions.

135

Disaster Research/Evaluation Frameworks, Part 1: An Overview.  

PubMed

Note: Many of the concepts and some of the text and content provided in this paper were developed in association with Knut Ole Sundnes, MD and evolved from the Health Disaster Management: Guidelines for Evaluation and Research in the Utstein Style. * Initial and partial support for this project was provided by the Task Force for Quality Control of Disaster Management. This Project is under the auspices of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine. Abstract The goals of conducting disaster research are to obtain information to: (1) decrease the human, environmental, and economic losses; (2) decrease morbidity; (3) decrease pain and suffering; and (4) enhance the recovery of the affected population. Two principal, but inter-related, branches of disaster research are: (1) Epidemiological; and (2) Interventional. In response to the need for the discipline of disaster health to build its science on data that are generalizable and comparable, a set of five Frameworks have been developed to structure the information and research of the health aspects of disasters: (1) Conceptual; (2) Longitudinal; (3) Transectional Societal; (4) Relief-Recovery; and (5) Risk-Reduction. These Frameworks provide a standardized format for studying and comparing the epidemiology of disasters as well as evaluating the interventions (responses) provided prior to, during, and following a disaster, especially as they relate to the health status of the people affected or at-risk. Critical to all five Frameworks is the inclusion of standardized definitions of the terms used to describe factors that lead to and affect the occurrence and severity of a disaster. The Conceptual Framework describes the progression of a hazard that becomes an event, which causes structural damage and a decrease or loss of function (functional damage), that, in turn, produces needs that lead to a disaster. The Longitudinal Framework describes this chronological progression as phases in order of their appearance in time, even though some of them occur concurrently. In order to study and compare the effects of an event on the complex amalgam that constitutes a society, the essential functions of a society have been deconstructed into 13 Basic Societal Systems that comprise the Transectional Societal Framework. These diverse, but inter-related Basic Societal Systems interface with each other through a 14th system called Coordination and Control. Epidemiological research studies the relationships and occurrences that influence and result from a disaster. Interventional research involves the evaluation of interventions, whether they are directed at relief, recovery, hazard mitigation, capacity building, or performance. The Relief-Recovery and Risk-Reduction Frameworks are based on a Disaster Logic Model. The Relief-Recovery Framework provides the structure necessary to systematically evaluate specific interventions provided during the Relief and Recovery phases of a disaster. The Risk-Reduction Framework details the processes involved in mitigating the risk that a hazard will produce a destructive event and/or that capacity building will augment the resilience of a community to the consequences of such an event. It incorporates a cascade of risks that lead from the presence of a hazard to the development of a disaster. Risk is described as the likelihood that each of the steps leading from a hazard to a disaster will take place; it also includes the probable consequences of the occurrence of each of the elements in the Conceptual Framework. The Conceptual, Longitudinal, and Transectional Societal Frameworks are useful in epidemiological research, i.e., the study of the incidence of, and factors influencing events and disasters. The Relief-Recovery and Risk-Reduction Frameworks are added to the Conceptual, Longitudinal, and Transectional Societal Frameworks for conducting and reporting of interventional research/evaluations. Examples of the application of these Frameworks are provided. Birnbaum ML , Daily EK , O'Rourke AP , Loretti A . Disaster research/evaluation fra

Birnbaum, Marvin L; Daily, Elaine K; O'Rourke, Ann P; Loretti, Alessandro

2014-03-14

136

Evaluating the School Library Media Center. Analysis Techniques and Research Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses two problems common to school library media specialists: the lack of time to conduct evaluations, and the lack of knowledge on how and what to evaluate in the school media center. The book contains research and evaluation techniques and studies that have been conducted in school library media centers. Many study results are…

Everhart, Nancy

137

Research on Evaluation Use: A Review of the Empirical Literature from 1986 to 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews empirical research on the use of evaluation from 1986 to 2005 using Cousins and Leithwood's 1986 framework for categorizing empirical studies of evaluation use conducted since that time. The literature review located 41 empirical studies of evaluation use conducted between 1986 and 2005 that met minimum quality standards. The…

Johnson, Kelli; Greenseid, Lija O.; Toal, Stacie A.; King, Jean A.; Lawrenz, Frances; Volkov, Boris

2009-01-01

138

Designing and Implementing the Next Generation of Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons Learned from Case Studies in Five Illinois Districts. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a very short period during the spring and summer of 2012, researchers at the University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research (CCSR) and the Illinois Education Research Council (IERC) collected data from respondents in five districts across Illinois to examine how school districts in the state approach designing and implementing new…

White, Bradford R.; Cowhy, Jennifer; Stevens, W. David; Sporte, Susan E.

2012-01-01

139

Guidelines for differentiating among Research, Program Evaluation and Quality Improvement Introduction  

E-print Network

1 Guidelines for differentiating among Research, Program Evaluation and Quality Improvement review." Clarity in distinguishing research, program evaluation and quality improvement is lacking questions to distinguish Research, Program Evaluation and Quality Improvement RESEARCH PROGRAM EVALUATION

Brownstone, Rob

140

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

SciTech Connect

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis of data from human families. While techniques of genetic analysis of animal behavioral traits (e.g., targeted gene disruption, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping) are more powerful that those applicable to humans (e.g., linkage and allelic association studies), the validation of animal behaviors as models of aspects of human alcoholism has been problematic. Newly developed methods for mapping QTL influencing animal behavioral traits can not only permit analyses of human family data to be directly informed by the results of animal studies, but can also serve as a novel means of validating animal models of aspects of alcoholism. 55 refs.

Karp, R.W. [National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, MD (United States)

1994-12-15

141

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

142

Research Performance Evaluation: Some Critical Thoughts on Standard Bibliometric Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliometric methodology is an established technique for research evaluation as it offers an objective determination and comparison of research performance. This paper aims to critically assess some standard bibliometric indicators commonly used (based on publication and citation counts) to evaluate academic units, and examine whether there…

Anninos, Loukas N.

2014-01-01

143

Ethically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving the Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in  

E-print Network

Ethically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving the Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in Nonhuman PrimatesNonhuman Primates Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in Nonhuman PrimatesNonhuman Primates

Streiffer, Robert

144

The Need for Comparative Research in Developmental Textbooks: A Review and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that current animal research enables students to understand basic developmental principles. Presents results from a study that evaluated the content of 24 developmental textbooks published between 1995 and 2000, demonstrating that older studies are typically used. (CMK)

Eaton, Rebecca F.; Sleigh, Merry J.

2002-01-01

145

Evaluation of a 'virtual' approach to commissioning health research  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a 'virtual' (computer-mediated) approach to health research commissioning. This had been introduced experimentally in a DOH programme – the 'Health of Londoners Programme' – in order to assess whether is could enhance the accessibility, transparency and effectiveness of commissioning health research. The study described here was commissioned to evaluate this novel approach, addressing these key questions. Methods A naturalistic-experimental approach was combined with principles of action research. The different commissioning groups within the programme were randomly allocated to either the traditional face-to-face mode or the novel 'virtual' mode. Mainly qualitative data were gathered including observation of all (virtual and face-to-face) commissioning meetings; semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of participants (n = 32/66); structured questionnaires and interviews with lead researchers of early commissioned projects. All members of the commissioning groups were invited to participate in collaborative enquiry groups which participated actively in the analysis process. Results The virtual process functioned as intended, reaching timely and relatively transparent decisions that participants had confidence in. Despite the potential for greater access using a virtual approach, few differences were found in practice. Key advantages included physical access, a more flexible and extended time period for discussion, reflection and information gathering and a more transparent decision-making process. Key challenges were the reduction of social cues available in a computer-mediated medium that require novel ways of ensuring appropriate dialogue, feedback and interaction. However, in both modes, the process was influenced by a range of factors and was not technology driven. Conclusion There is potential for using computer-mediated communication within the research commissioning process. This may enhance access, effectiveness and transparency of decision-making but further development is needed for this to be fully realised, including attention to process as well as the computer-mediated medium. PMID:17049079

McCourt, Christine A; Morgan, Philip A; Youll, Penny

2006-01-01

146

An evaluation of the 'Designated Research Team' approach to building research capacity in primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes an evaluation of an initiative to increase the research capability of clinical groups in primary and community care settings in a region of the United Kingdom. The 'designated research team' (DRT) approach was evaluated using indicators derived from a framework of six principles for research capacity building (RCB) which include: building skills and confidence, relevance to

Jo Cooke; Susan Nancarrow; Jane Dyas; Martin Williams

2008-01-01

147

The Research of Digital Image Quality Evaluation Method for Beef Tenderness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-Digital image quality evaluation is a relatively new area of research. In this field, how to choose a good image is an important research content for enhancing the efficiency of pattern recognition system. In this paper, beef images are used as an object of study for computing tenderness. Based on the traditional evaluation method of image quality, the thesis analyzes

Jian Wang; Guo-min Zhou

2010-01-01

148

Principles of Good Practice for Decision Analytic Modeling in HealthCare Evaluation: Report of the ISPOR Task Force on Good Research Practices—Modeling Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesMathematical modeling is used widely in economic evaluations of pharmaceuticals and other health-care technologies. Users of models in government and the private sector need to be able to evaluate the quality of models according to scientific criteria of good practice. This report describes the consensus of a task force convened to provide modelers with guidelines for conducting and reporting modeling

Milton C. Weinstein; Bernie O'Brien; John Hornberger; Joseph Jackson; Magnus Johannesson; Chris McCabe; Bryan R. Luce

2003-01-01

149

Making Team Science Better: Applying Improvement-Oriented Evaluation Principles to Evaluation of Cooperative Research Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of the research center has changed the landscape of U.S. research enter-prise. It has also created a number of evaluation challenges, particularly when considering strategically focused, multifaceted cooperative research centers (CRCs). The author argues that although recent CRC evaluation efforts have gone a long way toward meeting the…

Gray, Denis O.

2008-01-01

150

Research and evaluation in the transformation of primary care.  

PubMed

Across the United States, primary care practices are engaged in demonstration projects and quality improvement efforts aimed at integrating behavioral health and primary care. Efforts to make sustainable changes at the frontline of care have identified new research and evaluation needs. These efforts enable clinics and larger health care communities to learn from demonstration projects regarding what works and what does not when integrating mental health, substance use, and primary care under realistic circumstances. To do this, implementers need to measure their successes and failures to inform local improvement processes, including the efforts of those working on integration in separate but similar settings. We review how new research approaches, beyond the contributions of traditional controlled trials, are needed to inform integrated behavioral health. Illustrating with research examples from the field, we describe how research traditions can be extended to meet these new research and learning needs of frontline implementers. We further suggest that a shared language and set of definitions for the field (not just for a particular study) are critical for the aggregation of knowledge and learning across practices and for policymaking and business modeling. PMID:24820691

Peek, C J; Cohen, Deborah J; deGruy, Frank V

2014-01-01

151

Distributed Query Evaluation with Performance Guarantees Microsoft Research Asia  

E-print Network

Distributed Query Evaluation with Performance Guarantees Gao Cong Microsoft Research Asia gaocong F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 Figure 1: Investment company clientele rough idea of partial evaluation (see [18 University of Edinburgh akements@inf.ed.ac.uk Abstract Partial evaluation has recently proven an effective

Fan, Wenfei

152

Situated Research Design and Methodological Choices in Formative Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design-based implementation research offers the opportunity to rethink the relationships between intervention, research, and situation to better attune research and evaluation to the program development process. Using a heuristic called the intervention development curve, I describe the rough trajectory that programs typically follow as they…

Supovitz, Jonathan

2013-01-01

153

Upper stage technology evaluation studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Studies to evaluate advanced technology relative to chemical upper stages and orbit-to-orbit stages are reported. The work described includes: development of LH2/LOX stage data, development of data to indicate stage sensitivity to engine tolerance, modified thermal routines to accommodate storable propellants, added stage geometries to computer program for monopropellant configurations, determination of the relative gain obtainable through improvement of stage mass fraction, future propulsion concepts, effect of ultrahigh chamber-pressure increases, and relative gains obtainable through improved mass fraction.

1972-01-01

154

How to Critically Evaluate Case Studies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to develop guidelines to assist practitioners and researchers in evaluating and developing rigorous case studies. The main concern in evaluating a case study is to accurately assess its quality and ultimately to offer clients social work interventions informed by the best available evidence. To assess the quality of…

Lee, Eunjung; Mishna, Faye; Brennenstuhl, Sarah

2010-01-01

155

Transdisciplinary research and evaluation for community health initiatives.  

PubMed

Transdisciplinary research and evaluation projects provide valuable opportunities to collaborate on interventions to improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Given team members' diverse backgrounds and roles or responsibilities in such projects, members' perspectives are significant in strengthening a project's infrastructure and improving its organizational functioning. This article presents an evaluation mechanism that allows team members to express the successes and challenges incurred throughout their involvement in a multisite transdisciplinary research project. Furthermore, their feedback is used to promote future sustainability and growth. Guided by a framework known as organizational development, the evaluative process was conducted by a neutral entity, the Quality Assurance Team. A mixed-methods approach was utilized to garner feedback and clarify how the research project goals could be achieved more effectively and efficiently. The multiple benefits gained by those involved in this evaluation and implications for utilizing transdisciplinary research and evaluation teams for health initiatives are detailed. PMID:18936267

Harper, Gary W; Neubauer, Leah C; Bangi, Audrey K; Francisco, Vincent T

2008-10-01

156

Tufts University Office of Institutional Research & Evaluation  

E-print Network

) Evaluation of the Tufts Campus Suicide Prevention Grant, funded by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services and services to every school (Arts & Sciences, Cummings, Dental, Engineering, Fletcher, Friedman, Medical is in compliance with the myriad of new reporting and disclosure requirements in the Higher Education Opportunity

Tufts University

157

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

158

Research plan for pilot studies of the biodiversity research consortium  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a research plan for an assessment of risks to biodiversity. The plan describes the theoretical basis of the research approach and the data and methods to be used in the assessment. Initial research activities are formulated as a set of pilot studies that will examine nine research questions concerning the assumptions, data, and methods of the approach. A collection of government, academic, and nongovernmental organizations, called the Biodiversity Research Consortium, has developed this research approach and prepared the plan. Authors of the plan represent current members of the Consortium.

Kiester, A.R.; White, D.; Preston, E.M.; Master, L.L.; Loveland, T.R.

1993-06-03

159

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

160

ABRF-MARG RESEARCH STUDY: EVALUATION OF SMALL SAMPLE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING  

EPA Science Inventory

Microarrays have had a significant impact on many areas of biology. However, there are still many fertile research areas that would benefit from microarray analysis but are limited by the amount of biological material that can be obtained (e.g. samples obtained by small biopsy, f...

161

Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... Groups Espańol Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies This booklet is for people with cancer who ... joining a clinical trial, which is a research study that involves people. Booklet Date: September 2011 PDF ...

162

Applied Research and Evaluation UNINTENDED BENEFITS: LEADERSHIP SKILLS AND  

E-print Network

Applied Research and Evaluation UNINTENDED BENEFITS: LEADERSHIP SKILLS AND BEHAVIORAL CHANGE AMONG house- hold air pollution (HAP) from wood-fired cookstoves on respiratory health in rural highland questionnaires regarding children's health, cookstove status, and HAP exposures. As described below

Silver, Whendee

163

Geologic evaluation: Peake Energy, Inc. , No. 753 GRI comprehensive study well No. 5, Jackson County, West Virginia. Topical research report, June 1988-December 1990  

SciTech Connect

Devonian shale gas production from individual wells in the CSW5 research area varies according to the disposition of natural fractures intersected by the wellbore. The degree of thermal maturity of the black shales and amount of organic carbon contained in them provide the gas generating capacity necessary to sustain production. Northwest-to-southeast and northeast-to-southwest oriented, partially mineralized natural fractures seem to provide the permeable pathways necessary for the best gas production. Some of these fractures appear to have vertical limitations specifically within the oldest black shale bed of the Lower Huron Member, which is also the primary shale gas-producing interval in the research area. The fracture network probably was enhanced by flexure of the black shales across deep-seated basement faults, that form the Evans Flexure, and by possible overpressuring during hydrocarbon generation. Future shale wells should be located in areas with the highest composite of organic carbon content and thermal maturity.

Falleur, J.P.; Lowry, P.H.; Brown, R.W.; Kubik, W.T.

1991-11-01

164

Checklists for Software Engineering Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study is an important research methodology for software engineering. We have identified the need for checklists supporting researchers and reviewers in conducting and reviewing case studies. We derived checklists for researchers and reviewers respectively, using systematic qualitative procedures. Based on nine sources on case studies, checklists are derived and validated, and hereby presented for further use and improvement.

Martin Höst; Per Runeson

2007-01-01

165

Performance evaluation of an entry research vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aerodynamic database upon which the missions and the proposed designs of an atmospheric entry research vehicle (ERV) would be based are discussed, along with a trajectory analysis of two missions proposed for the ERV. The ERV is intended as a means to explore reentry techniques, thermal protection systems and cross-range and orbital change maneuvers beyond the operational envelope of the Orbiter. The 25 ft long ERV would have a 13 ft wingspan, allowing it to be launched from the Orbiter bay. The ERV would have atmospheric maneuvering control surfaces and reaction control systems for orbital maneuvers. The total weight would be 12,000 lb. The aerodynamic design for the ERV was developed from wind tunnel, theoretical and Shuttle data for continuum, transition and free-molecule flight regimes. Typical flight profiles for intended missions are outlined.

Powell, R. W.; Naftel, J. C.; Cunningham, M. J.

1986-01-01

166

Research Methods and Intelligibility Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper first briefly reviews the concept of intelligibility as it has been employed in both English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) and world Englishes (WE) research. It then examines the findings of the Lingua Franca Core (LFC), a list of phonological features that empirical research has shown to be important for safeguarding mutual intelligibility…

Sewell, Andrew

2010-01-01

167

Higher Education Evaluation. Analysis and Comparison of Evaluative Data. Research and Evaluation Report Series No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bureau of Indian Affairs' (BIA) Higher Education Program was evaluated in order to provide valid information for decision making. Data gathered by a questionnaire administered to 2,736 students in a previous study was refined by applying the chi-square test of significant differences to certain student characteristics and variables. Each area…

Monsen, Marie A.

168

Research Report The Evaluation of Raw Milk As A  

E-print Network

0 Research Report The Evaluation of Raw Milk As A Pasture Biostimulant 2012 ­ 2013 Support Extension #12;1 The Evaluation of Raw Milk as a Pasture Biostimulant By Bridgett Jamison Hilshey, Graduate examples. Raw cow milk has been suggested as an effective pasture biostimulant. Raw milk has been used

Hayden, Nancy J.

169

Call for Proposals "Scientific Research in Biomedicine" EVALUATION GRID  

E-print Network

Arguments #12;4. INNOVATION Does the project employ novel concepts, approaches or methods? Are the aimsCall for Proposals "Scientific Research in Biomedicine" EVALUATION GRID Reference number Applicant arguments and don't fill in the other fields of the evaluation grid (with the exception of the last field

De Cindio, Fiorella

170

Exploring Action Research as an Approach to Interactive (Participatory) Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation seeks to understand "action research" as an approach to "interactive form of evaluation". The first half of the investigation illuminates the approach with the help of the selective body of literature and the second half draws attention to its application in the field with the help of an authentic evaluation plan. Action…

Chaudary, Imran Anjum; Imran, Shahida

2012-01-01

171

An Evaluation Research Model for System-Wide Textbook Selection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One component of an evaluation research model for system-wide selection of curriculum materials is reported: implementation of an evaluation design for obtaining data that permits professional and lay persons to base curriculum materials decisions on a "best fit" principle. The design includes teacher characteristics, learning environment…

Talmage, Harriet; Walberg, Herbert T.

172

Medical Research and Evaluation Facility (MREF) and studies supporting the medical chemical defense program: Development of procedures to enhance atropine antisera production in rabbits. Final report, July 1992-July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to improve the production of rabbit anti-atropine antisera for future analytical studies. There were two phases to this project: evaluation of methods to enhance atropine antisera titers, and antisera production and characterization. Anti-atropine antisera were prepared using a high-density conjugate. The radioimmunoassay performance characteristics were similar for both the Battelle and Walter Reed Army Institute of Research antisera. However, a lower detection limit and a more dynamic response range were obtained with the Battelle antisera. Minor changes were made in the atropine radioimmunoassay to improve its reliability. There were approximately 250 mL of atropine antisera collected during this project, providing a useful antisera supply adequate for 250,000 tests.

Olson, C.T.; Miller, L.; Bhullar, B.; Benecke, H.

1994-07-01

173

Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first 10 articles of volume 8 of the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" published in 2002-2003: (1) "Using Electronic Surveys: Advice from Survey Professionals" (David M. Shannon, Todd E. Johnson, Shelby Searcy, and Alan Lott); (2) "Four Assumptions of Multiple Regression That Researchers

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schaefer, William D., Ed.

2000-01-01

174

The next Stages in Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: (1) to provide a commentary on a conference held at the University of Manchester entitled Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance; (2) to synthesize from the proceedings of the meeting suggestions for future research and public health surveillance. Method: The main points and problematic issues raised by the speakers…

Downer, Martin C.; Blinkhorn, Anthony S.

2007-01-01

175

Teacher Evaluation: Learning for Improvement and Accountability and Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this paper builds upon earlier research designed to examine issues associated with initiating an effective teacher evaluation effort and integrating it into district practices. The paper describes four districts which have made substantial progress in initiating and organizing teacher evaluation programs and presents the view…

McLaughlin, Milbrey W.; Pfeifer, R. Scott

176

Practical Guidelines for Evaluating Sampling Designs in Survey Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The popularity of sample surveys in evaluation and research makes it necessary for consumers to tell a good survey from a poor one. Several sources were identified that gave advice on how to evaluate a sample design used in a survey study. The sources are either too limited or too extensive to be useful practically. The purpose of this paper is to…

Fan, Xitao; Wang, Lin

177

Experimental Evaluation in Computer Science: A Quantitative Study  

E-print Network

Experimental Evaluation in Computer Science: A Quantitative Study Paul Lukowicz, Ernst A. Heinz 400 recent research articles sug- gests that computer scientists publish relatively few papers quantitative evaluation in OE and NC is only 15 and 12, respectively. Conversely, the fraction of papers

Prechelt, Lutz

178

Experimental Evaluation in Computer Science: A Quantitative Study  

E-print Network

Experimental Evaluation in Computer Science: A Quantitative Study Paul Lukowicz, Ernst A. Heinz A survey of over 400 recent research articles sug­ gests that computer scientists publish relatively few­ tion of papers lacking quantitative evaluation in OE and NC is only 15% and 12%, respectively

Prechelt, Lutz

179

The Great Parking Debate A Research Methods Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two friends debate whether people leave their parking spaces faster if others are waiting. They decide to see if they can design a study to test their ideas.  In this interrupted case study, students develop a research question and hypothesis and consider how to test a hypothesis. Students read about what researchers have done to answer the research question and identify and evaluate different research designs. Students are also asked to evaluate data. Developed for a use in an introductory psychology course to cover terms and concepts related to research methods, the case could be used in other introductory science classes, early in research methods courses, or in upper-level social science courses.

Feenstra, Jennifer

2011-01-01

180

Evaluation of doctoral nursing programs in Japan by faculty members and their educational and research activities.  

PubMed

Evaluation of doctoral programs in nursing is becoming more important with the rapid increase in the programs in Japan. This study aimed to evaluate doctoral nursing programs by faculty members and to analyze the relationship of the evaluation with educational and research activities of faculty members in Japan. Target settings were all 46 doctoral nursing programs. Eighty-five faculty members from 28 programs answered the questionnaire, which included 17 items for program evaluation, 12 items for faculty evaluation, 9 items for resource evaluation, 3 items for overall evaluations, and educational and research activities. A majority gave low evaluations for sources of funding, the number of faculty members and support staff, and administrative systems. Faculty members who financially supported a greater number of students gave a higher evaluation for extramural funding support, publication, provision of diverse learning experiences, time of supervision, and research infrastructure. The more time a faculty member spent on advising doctoral students, the higher were their evaluations on the supportive learning environment, administrative systems, time of supervision, and timely feedback on students' research. The findings of this study indicate a need for improvement in research infrastructure, funding sources, and human resources to achieve quality nursing doctoral education in Japan. PMID:21767896

Arimoto, Azusa; Gregg, Misuzu F; Nagata, Satoko; Miki, Yuko; Murashima, Sachiyo

2012-07-01

181

The "impact factor" in the evaluation of research.  

PubMed

The "impact factor of journals", in brief IF, has become an important tool for the evaluation of research activities in certain disciplines, while it is gaining additional influence in others. Its widespread use is increasingly determining the fate of individuals, and academic departments. It is also contributing to restructuring of academic libraries and to reshaping the map of academic periodicals. There is no doubt that this index appears useful, and in many respects, attractive. It relieves faculty and administrators of the burden of reading and comparing papers and it seems to provide an "objective" criterion for judging scientific research. In this paper we present a different view and we argue that costs, in terms of potential damage to the scientific system, which are caused by an uncritical application of the IF, exceed by far its supposed merits. One purpose of this paper is to encourage scientists working in disciplines that have not yet been invaded by IF, (such as historians, jurists, social scientists and students of the humanities) not to be intimidated by the fact that other sciences are using IF to as a measure of research quality, and to carefully consider the implications of adopting such an index. This is not a study based on sophisticated statistical analysis. For such analysis we refer to the paper by Per O Seglen (a). Our criticism is based on "political" considerations, for which we deem observing reality with the naked eye to be sufficient. PMID:12201010

Figŕ Talamanca, Alessandro

2002-01-01

182

Researching into Assessment and Evaluation in Colleges and Universities. Practical Research Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide is one of a series aimed at assisting academics in higher education in researching specific aspects of their work. Focusing on small-scale insider research in colleges and universities, the handbook covers contemporary issues, research methods, and existing practice and values in the area of assessment and evaluation. Issues,…

Ashcroft, Kate; Palacio, David

183

ORIGINAL RESEARCH Evaluation of polymorphisms in  

E-print Network

differentially expressed in endometriosis Zhen Zhen Zhao1,*, Larry Croft2, Dale R. Nyholt1, Brett Chapman1, Susan and eutopic endo- metrium of women with and without endometriosis. To investigate further the role of these miRNAs in women with endometriosis, we conducted an association study aiming to explore the relationship between

Nyholt, Dale R.

184

Research Article Evaluation of Noninvasive Genetic Sampling  

E-print Network

genetic sampling, Puma concolor, radio-collar, snow tracking, Yellowstone National Park. Reliable. Carnivores such as cougars (Puma concolor) are particularly difficult to study due to their large home ranges State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA ABSTRACT Conventional methods for monitoring cougar, Puma

Kalinowski, Steven T

185

Going through the Process: An Examination of the Operationalization of Process Use in Empirical Research on Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of the consequences of evaluation, or more specifically of evaluation use or utilization, represents a significant portion of the body of research on evaluation. Much has been written on the evolution of the multidimensional concept of evaluation use, most recently the examination of consequences of evaluation that are not a function of…

Amo, Courtney; Cousins, J. Bradley

2007-01-01

186

Total hydrocarbon analyzer evaluation study  

SciTech Connect

Measuring and controlling organic emissions from incineration processes has become a major environmental concern in recent years. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently proposed a regulation for sewage sludge incinerators under section 405(d) of the Clean Water Act that will require all sludge incinerators to monitor total hydrocarbon emissions (THCs) on a continuous basis. Such a requirement would be part of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination (NPDES) permits and site-specific THC limits would be established for facilities based on a risk assessment of organic emissions. Before EPA can finalize the proposed requirement, THC monitoring must be successfully conducted in a plant environment and the system required by any final regulation must be kept in operation so that facilities can comply with their permits. The Metropolitan Waste Control Commission (MWCC) in St. Paul, Minn., and Rosemount Analytical Division in La Habre, Calif., entered into a joint agreement with EPA to demonstrate a hot' THC monitoring system to detect THCs in stack gases. The objectives of the study are to determine the feasibility of THC monitoring of sludge incinerator emissions; evaluate the long term reliability, cost of operation, and consistency of a continuous THC monitoring system in an incinerator environment; and determine the correlation of THC stack concentration to incinerator and scrubber operating conditions, carbon monoxide concentration, and specific VOC emissions.

Shamat, N. (EMA Services, Inc., St. Paul, MN (United States)); Crumpler, E. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)); Roddan, A. (Rosemount Analytical Division, La Habra, CA (United States))

1991-10-01

187

Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER): evaluation of 114 measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER) Program was to identify a set of measures of human capabilities for use in the study of environmental and other time-course effects. 114 measures studied in the PETER Program were evaluated and categorized into four groups based upon task stability and task definition. The Recommended category contained 30 measures that clearly obtained total stabilization and had an acceptable level of reliability efficiency. The Acceptable-But-Redundant category contained 15 measures. The 37 measures in the Marginal category, which included an inordinate number of slope and other derived measures, usually had desirable features which were outweighed by faults. The 32 measures in the Unacceptable category had either differential instability or weak reliability efficiency. It is our opinion that the 30 measures in the Recommended category should be given first consideration for environmental research applications. Further, it is recommended that information pertaining to preexperimental practice requirements and stabilized reliabilities should be utilized in repeated-measures environmental studies.

Bittner, A. C. Jr; Carter, R. C.; Kennedy, R. S.; Harbeson, M. M.; Krause, M.

1986-01-01

188

Qualitative Case Study Research in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to using qualitative case study research in business education explains methodological steps and decisions, illustrated with examples from business research. It addresses data analysis and interpretation, including discussion of software tools. (Contains 25 references.) (SK)

O'Connor, Bridget N.

2002-01-01

189

Ground motion input in seismic evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

This report documents research pertaining to conservatism and variability in seismic risk estimates. Specifically, it examines whether or not artificial motions produce unrealistic evaluation demands, i.e., demands significantly inconsistent with those expected from real earthquake motions. To study these issues, two types of artificial motions are considered: (a) motions with smooth response spectra, and (b) motions with realistic variations in spectral amplitude across vibration frequency. For both types of artificial motion, time histories are generated to match target spectral shapes. For comparison, empirical motions representative of those that might result from strong earthquakes in the Eastern U.S. are also considered. The study findings suggest that artificial motions resulting from typical simulation approaches (aimed at matching a given target spectrum) are generally adequate and appropriate in representing the peak-response demands that may be induced in linear structures and equipment responding to real earthquake motions. Also, given similar input Fourier energies at high-frequencies, levels of input Fourier energy at low frequencies observed for artificial motions are substantially similar to those levels noted in real earthquake motions. In addition, the study reveals specific problems resulting from the application of Western U.S. type motions for seismic evaluation of Eastern U.S. nuclear power plants.

Sewell, R.T.; Wu, S.C.

1996-07-01

190

75 FR 6401 - Medical Devices Regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research; Availability of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...No. FDA-2009-M-0513] Medical Devices Regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research; Availability of Summaries...for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER). This list is intended...for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and...

2010-02-09

191

76 FR 71045 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...Evaluation and Research (HFM-17...scientific and medical literature...

2011-11-16

192

NORTHERN OHIO AEROSOL STUDY: STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

A consortium of Universities, located in northwest Ohio have received funds to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of land applied biosolids in that state. This USDA funded study includes observing land application practices and evaluating biosolids, soils, runoff water and bioaer...

193

Evaluation of the state water-resources research institutes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water resources research institutes, as authorized by the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-242), are located in each state and in the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico , and the Virgin Islands. Public Law 98-242 mandated an onsite evaluation of each of these institutes to determine whether ' . . .the quality and relevance of its water resources research and its effectiveness as an institution for planning, conducting, and arranging for research warrant its continued support in the national interest. ' The results of these evaluations, which were conducted between September 1985 and June 1987, are summarized. The evaluation teams found that all 54 institutes are meeting the basic objectives of the authorizing legislation in that they: (1) use the grant funds to support research that addresses water problems of state and regional concern; (2) provide opportunities for training of water scientists through student involvement on research projects; and (3) promote the application of research results through preparation of technical reports and contributions to the technical literature. The differences among institutes relate primarily to degrees of effectiveness, and most often are determined by the financial, political, and geographical contexts in which the institutes function and by the quality of their leadership. (Lantz-PTT)

Ertel, M.O.

1988-01-01

194

Improving evaluation of anti-crime programs: Summary of a National Research Council report ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes a report of the National Research Council: Improving Evaluation of Anti-crime Programs. It is based\\u000a on a workshop, held in September 2003, in which participants presented and discussed examples of evaluation-related studies\\u000a that represent the methods and challenges associated with research at three levels: interventions directed toward individuals;\\u000a interventions in neighborhoods, schools, prisons, or communities; and interventions

Mark Lipsey; Carol Petrie; David Weisburd; Denise Gottfredson

2006-01-01

195

Five year research update (1991-1995): evaluations for competence to stand trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 1991-1995 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial. The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (a) the systemic context of competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations, (b) conceptual definitions of CST, (c)

Deborah K. Cooper; Thomas Grisso

1997-01-01

196

Five year research update (1996-2000): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 1996-2000 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial (also known as adjudicative competence). The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (i) the systemic context of evaluations of adjudicative competence (AC); (ii) conceptual

Denise L. Mumley; Chad E. Tillbrook; Thomas Grisso

2003-01-01

197

A Course Model for Teaching Research Evaluation in Colleges of Pharmacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A University of Arizona undergraduate pharmacy course designed to develop student skills in evaluation of research has five parts: introduction to the scientific method; statistical techniques/data analysis review; research design; fundamentals of clinical studies; and practical applications. Prerequisites include biostatistics and drug…

Draugalis, JoLaine R.; Slack, Marion K.

1992-01-01

198

Evaluation of undergraduate research experience: Perceptions of undergraduate interns and their faculty mentors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the extent to which 14 research skills were enhanced by science undergraduates' participation in an undergraduate research experience (URE). Fifty-seven undergraduates self-rated their ability to perform the skills at the beginning and end of the URE. Faculty mentors' ratings of their respective interns' skills served as an objective measure of intern skill level. Mentor and intern data

CarolAnne M. Kardash

2000-01-01

199

Evaluation and Research Program for the Portable Braille Recorder (PBR). Volume I. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation and research program was designed to determine user satisfaction and the practicality, reliability, and maintainability of the Digicassette (or Portable Braille Recorder--PBR) and to study the braille reading and writing functions. Ten PBRs were placed with 14 students and 14 adults. Products of the research program included training…

Ashcroft, S. C.

200

Research studies with the International Ultraviolet Explorer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IUE research studies comprises 118 separate research programs involving observations, data analysis, and research conducted of the IUE satellite and the NASA Astrophysics Data Program. Herein are presented 92 programs. For each program there is a title, program ID, name of the investigator, statement of work, summary of results, and list of publications.

1991-01-01

201

Undergraduate Research Program Assessment Case Study  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Program 1 Assessment Case Study: University of Delaware's Undergraduate, give an oral defense of their theses. 2 Undergraduate Research Program 3 Faculty Mentors About 2/3 of UD faculty provide undergraduate research opportunities Over 90% in engineering, physical, and life

Taber, Douglass

202

Cued Speech: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To evaluate the effects of Cued Speech (visual symbols) as a supplement to speechreading, cued and non-cued sentences and phrases were presented in a live situation at normal and at slow rates to 12 hearing-impaired subjects (7-to 11-years-old). (Author/LS)

Ling, Daniel; Clarke, Bryan R.

1975-01-01

203

Evaluation Policy to Implementation: An Evaluation of Scientifically Based Research in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation policies set an important frame of reference for how evaluations are implemented. Despite the central influence that policies play in how evaluations are conducted, little empirical work has been conducted to better understand how these policies are interpreted and implemented. This paper describes the findings of case study evaluation

Christie, Christina A.; Fierro, Leslie A.

2012-01-01

204

Research study of pressure instrumentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To obtain a more vibration resistant pressure sensor for use on the Space Shuttle Main Engine, a proximity probe based, diaphragm type pressure sensor breadboard was developed. A fiber optic proximity probe was selected as the sensor. In combination with existing electronics, a thermal stability evaluation of the entire probe system was made. Based upon the results, a breadboard design of the pressure sensor and electronics was made and fabricated. A brief series of functional experiments was made with the breadboard to calibrate, thermally compensate, and linearize its response. In these experiments, the performance obtained in the temperature range of -320 F (liquid N2) to +200 F was comparable to that of the strain gage based sensor presently in use on the engine. In tests at NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), after some time at or near liquid nitrogen temperatures, the sensor output varied over the entire output range. These large spurious signals were attributed to condensation of air in the sensing gap. In the next phase of development of this sensor, an evaluation of fabrication techniques toward greater thermal and mechanical stability of the fiber probe assembly must be made. In addition to this, a positive optics to metal seal must be developed to withstand the pressure that would result from a diaphragm failure.

Hoogenboom, L.; Hull-Allen, G.

1984-01-01

205

A "three-plus-one" evaluation model for clinical research management.  

PubMed

Clinical research management (CRM) is a critical resource for the management of clinical trials and it requires proper evaluation. This article advances a model of evaluation that has three local levels, plus one global level, for evaluating the value of CRM. The primary level for evaluation is that of the study or processes level. The managerial or aggregate level concerns management of the portfolio of trials under the control of the CRM office. The third, often overlooked level of evaluation, is the strategic level, whose goal is encapsulated in the phrase, "doing the right trials, while doing trials right." The global ("plus one") evaluation level concerns the need to evaluate the ever-increasing number of multi-institutional and multinational studies. As there are host of evaluation metrics, this article provides representative examples of metrics at each level and provides methods that can aid in the selecting appropriate metrics for an organization. PMID:23908383

Dilts, David M

2013-12-01

206

Testing theories through evaluation research: Conceptual and methodological issues embedded in evaluations of parenting programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obviously, evaluations of parenting programmes are important for improving clinical practice. Such evaluation studies can show us whether a parenting programme works and for whom and under which circumstances the programme has the best effects. An additional, often neglected, role of evaluation studies is to provide a test of the theory on which the programme is based. In the present

Maja Dekovi?; Sabine Stoltz; Hilde Schuiringa; Willeke Manders; Jessica J. Asscher

2011-01-01

207

Testing theories through evaluation research: Conceptual and methodological issues embedded in evaluations of parenting programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obviously, evaluations of parenting programmes are important for improving clinical practice. Such evaluation studies can show us whether a parenting programme works and for whom and under which circumstances the programme has the best effects. An additional, often neglected, role of evaluation studies is to provide a test of the theory on which the programme is based. In the present

Maja Dekovi?; Sabine Stoltz; Hilde Schuiringa; Willeke Manders; Jessica J. Asscher

2012-01-01

208

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility as a source: the last extant lake sturgeon population in the Ohio River drainage. The White River population exhibited slightly lower levels of genetic diversity than other lake sturgeon populations. However, the population

Latch, Emily K.

209

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System  

E-print Network

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System Backpack Transmitter for Wild Turkey inac- curate due to triangulation error. However, new technology, such as Global Positioning Systems telemetric methods. Ă? 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS Global Positioning System, habitat selection

Butler, Matthew J.

210

Program Evaluation and Research Designs. NBER Working Paper No. 16016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a selective review of some contemporary approaches to program evaluation. One motivation for our review is the recent emergence and increasing use of a particular kind of "program" in applied microeconomic research, the so-called Regression Discontinuity (RD) Design of Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960). We organize our…

DiNardo, John; Lee, David S.

2010-01-01

211

Evaluation of an Instrument To Predict Successful Medical Researchers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instrument to measure the 13 personal characteristics of productive researchers described by C. J. Bland and others (1986, 1990) was developed and evaluated. The total eligible sample was 404 full-time assistant professor faculty members in the tenure track at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland (Ohio). A random sample of 100…

Hekelman, Francine P.; And Others

212

Evaluation of Preschool Programs. Research Bulletin No. 76-006.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a discussion of evaluation methods which can be used in preschool programs and emphasizes the importance of considering both outcome and process variables. Emphasizing the limitations of research which utilizes only outcome measures, the paper focuses on the benefits of an analysis of ongoing processes and interactions within…

Taylor, Lorne J.

213

Making Statistics More Meaningful for Policy Research and Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the use of statistics in policy and evaluation research and the need to present statistical information in a form that is meaningful to mixed audiences. Three guidelines for formulating and presenting meaningful statistics are outlined. Understandability ensures that knowledge of statistical methods is not required for…

May, Henry

2004-01-01

214

A TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH AND EVALUATION  

PubMed Central

An integrated perspective consists of macro- and micro-level approaches to health policy research and evaluation is presented. Analytical strategies are suggested for policy analysis, targeting on health disparities at individual and population levels. This systems approach enables investigators to view how scientific public policy analysis can be implemented to assess policy impacts. In this special issue, five papers are introduced. PMID:25419221

Wan, Thomas T.H.

2014-01-01

215

Technology transfer, evaluation, and partnerships. Transportation research record  

SciTech Connect

;Contents: Overcoming Communication Barriers to Effective Technology Transfer; Technology Transfer Program at California-Baja California International Border; Technology Transfer in Western Rural Areas; Highway Innovative Technology Evaluation Center: Collaborating To Expedite Introduction of Innovative Technologies; and Prospects for Progressing Research Through Partnership: Comment on Trends in the United Kingdom and the Technology Foresight Program.

NONE

1996-12-31

216

Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research  

PubMed Central

Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23885955

2013-01-01

217

Evaluation of learning outcomes in a research process and the utilization of research knowledge from the viewpoint of nursing students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this descriptive study was to evaluate the learning that takes place in a research process of nursing students when writing their Bachelor's theses and to describe the learning outcomes in utilizing research knowledge. The sample comprised nursing students from a Finnish polytechnic. All of them worked with their Bachelor's theses. The data were collected by a questionnaire constructed for this study and 257 nursing students participated in the study. The data were analysed by SPSS 10.0 software. The students knew the steps of the research process moderately well. Most of the students responded that research results had been implemented in nursing practice. More than half of the students found the attitudes towards research positive in their clinical placements. Students' self-evaluation of learning outcomes was positive and they felt able to use research knowledge. The results indicated improving learning outcomes during the working process of the Bachelor's thesis. Working with the Bachelor's thesis is an effective way to lead the students to use research knowledge. The results are useful in guiding the students through their Bachelor's theses as well as in developing the curriculum and working life. PMID:16002189

Mattila, Lea-Riitta; Koivisto, Virpi; Häggman-Laitila, Arja

2005-08-01

218

Can evaluation studies benefit from triangulation? A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly being used in health care. Rigorous evaluations of ICT applications during both introduction and routine use are of great importance for decision makers and users. Within evaluation research, two main (and often rather distinct) traditions can be found: the objectivistic and the subjectivistic tradition. Methods: The theory of triangulation deals with the

Elske Ammenwerth; Carola Iller; Ulrich Mansmann

2003-01-01

219

Volunteers needed for Research study  

E-print Network

School seek healthy volunteers to participate in a study on the effects of genes on brain function between genes and brain function, then, for more details please Contact: (617) 643-7273 or genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617-643-7273 genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617-643-7273 genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617

Bar, Moshe

220

A Comparison between Paced Package and Home Study Courses with Respect to Completion Data. REDEAL Research Report #11. Project REDEAL. Research and Evaluation of Distance Education for the Adult Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Completion and cost data for six courses delivered in two different modes--home study and paced package--through Athabasca University were analyzed. Students in a home study course received tutorial support via the telephone and progress through the course was at the discretion of each individual learner. Students in a paced package course…

Spencer, Robert E.; And Others

221

SEASAT SAR performance evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of the SEASAT synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensor was evaluated using data processed by the MDA digital processor. Two particular aspects are considered the location accuracy of image data, and the calibration of the measured backscatter amplitude of a set of corner reflectors. The image location accuracy was assessed by selecting identifiable targets in several scenes, converting their image location to UTM coordinates, and comparing the results to map sheets. The error standard deviation is measured to be approximately 30 meters. The amplitude was calibrated by measuring the responses of the Goldstone corner reflector array and comparing the results to theoretical values. A linear regression of the measured against theoretical values results in a slope of 0.954 with a correlation coefficient of 0.970.

1982-01-01

222

Experimental study and evaluation of radioprotective drugs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experimental study evaluates radioprotective drugs administered before exposure either orally or intravenously. Specifically studied are the sources of radiation, choice of radiation dose, choice of animals, administration of drugs, the toxicity of protective agents and types of protective drug.

Smith, D. E.; Thomson, J. F.

1968-01-01

223

An evaluation of the 'Designated Research Team' approach to building research capacity in primary care  

PubMed Central

Background This paper describes an evaluation of an initiative to increase the research capability of clinical groups in primary and community care settings in a region of the United Kingdom. The 'designated research team' (DRT) approach was evaluated using indicators derived from a framework of six principles for research capacity building (RCB) which include: building skills and confidence, relevance to practice, dissemination, linkages and collaborations, sustainability and infrastructure development. Methods Information was collated on the context, activities, experiences, outputs and impacts of six clinical research teams supported by Trent Research Development Support Unit (RDSU) as DRTs. Process and outcome data from each of the teams was used to evaluate the extent to which the DRT approach was effective in building research capacity in each of the six principles (as evidenced by twenty possible indicators of research capacity development). Results The DRT approach was found to be well aligned to the principles of RCB and generally effective in developing research capabilities. It proved particularly effective in developing linkages, collaborations and skills. Where research capacity was slow to develop, this was reflected in poor alignment between the principles of RCB and the characteristics of the team, their activities or environment. One team was unable to develop a research project and the funding was withdrawn at an early stage. For at least one individual in each of the remaining five teams, research activity was sustained beyond the funding period through research partnerships and funding successes. An enabling infrastructure, including being freed from clinical duties to undertake research, and support from senior management were found to be important determinants of successful DRT development. Research questions of DRTs were derived from practice issues and several projects generated outputs with potential to change daily practice, including the use of research evidence in practice and in planning service changes. Conclusion The DRT approach was effective at RCB in teams situated in a supportive organisation and in particular, where team members could be freed from clinical duties and management backing was strong. The developmental stage of the team and the research experience of constituent members also appeared to influence success. The six principles of RCB were shown to be useful as a framework for both developing and evaluating RCB initiatives. PMID:18588685

Cooke, Jo; Nancarrow, Susan; Dyas, Jane; Williams, Martin

2008-01-01

224

The Status of Research on Models of Product Development and Evaluation. Research Evaluation Development Paper Series. No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a critical look at the current research base supporting development and evaluation (D&E) models of instructional products. The author, accepting as valid a definition of D&E models as "exemplary models, outlining designs or conceptions of things worthy of imitation," examines current interest in their development and use and…

Smith, Nick L.; Murray, Stephen L.

225

Federally Sponsored Multidisciplinary Research Centers: Learning, Evaluation, and Vicious Circles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing investment in multi-year federally funded science and technology centers in universities, there are few studies of how these centers engage in learning and change based on information submitted from various agents in the oversight and evaluation process. One challenge is how to manage and respond to this evaluative

Youtie, Jan; Corley, Elizabeth A.

2011-01-01

226

Not so simple: a quasi-experimental study of how researchers adjudicate genetic research results.  

PubMed

Ethicists contend that researchers are obliged to report genetic research findings to individual study participants when they are clinically significant, that is, when they are clinically useful or personally meaningful to participants. Yet whether such standards are well understood and can be consistently applied remains unknown. We conducted an international, cross-sectional survey of cystic fibrosis (CF) and autism genetics researchers using a quasi-experimental design to explore factors influencing researchers' judgments. Eighty percent of researchers agreed, in principle, that clinically significant findings should be reported to individual participants. Yet judgments about when a specific finding was considered clinically significant or warranted reporting varied by scientific factors (replication, robustness, intentionality, and disease context), capacity of the research team to explain the results, and type of research ethics guidance. Further, judgments were influenced by the researchers' disease community (autism or CF), their primary role (clinical, molecular, statistical) and their beliefs regarding a general reporting obligation. In sum, judgments about the clinical significance of genetic research results, and about whether they should be reported, are influenced by scientific parameters as well as contextual factors related to the specific research project and the individual researcher. These findings call into question the assumption that the conditions under which an obligation to disclose arises are uniformly understood and actionable. Adjudicating the clinical readiness of provisional data may be a responsibility better suited to evaluative experts at arms' length of the provisional data in question, rather than a responsibility imposed upon researchers themselves. PMID:21407262

Hayeems, Robin Zoe; Miller, Fiona Alice; Li, Li; Bytautas, Jessica Peace

2011-07-01

227

Evaluating International Research Ethics Capacity Development: An Empirical Approach  

PubMed Central

The US National Institutes of health, Fogarty International Center (NIH-FIC) has, for the past 13 years, been a leading funder of international research ethics education for resource-limited settings. Nearly half of the NIH-FIC funding in this area has gone to training programs that train individuals from sub-Saharan Africa. Identifying the impact of training investments, as well as the potential predictors of post-training success, can support curricular decision-making, help establish funding priorities, and recognize the ultimate outcomes of trainees and training programs. Comprehensive evaluation frameworks and targeted evaluation tools for bioethics training programs generally, and for international research ethics programs in particular, are largely absent from published literature. This paper shares an original conceptual framework, data collection tool, and detailed methods for evaluating the inputs, processes, outputs, and outcomes of research ethics training programs serving individuals in resource-limited settings. This paper is part of a collection of papers analyzing the Fogarty International Center’s International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development program. PMID:24782071

Ali, Joseph; Kass, Nancy E.; Sewankambo, Nelson K.; White, Tara D.; Hyder, Adnan A.

2014-01-01

228

Worldwide trends in funding for contraceptive research and evaluation.  

PubMed

In the past 5 years funding has declined in constant dollars for reproductive and contraceptive research and for the evaluation of long-term contraceptive safety; there has been a general increase in coordination and planning among publicly supported programs, as well as between these programs and private industry. There has been no substantial relaxation of regulatory requirements, and little has been done to make contraceptive research and development (R and D) more attractive to industry. The threat of liability suits and the difficulty in obtaining product liability insurance have become more salient than 5 years ago. This is increasingly restricting clinical research into new methods by both private industry and publicly supported research groups. Nonetheless some major advances have been recorded over the same period. The NORPLANT system, the Today contraceptive sponge, the TCu 380A (a copper-bearing IUD), and biphasic and triphasic pills have all become available in at least some developed and developing countries. In addition, several methods are in advanced stages of clinical trial (e.g., injectable contraceptives for 1 and 6 months' duration; an improved implant, a progestin releasing vaginal ring and Gossypol for sperm inhibition). Presented here are the results of a worldwide survey conducted by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) of funding for reproductive research, contraceptive development and evaluation of the long-term safety of existing methods. Requests for data on expenditures for 1980-1983 were sent by the AGI to funding agencies, R and D organizations and pharmaceutical companies in the US, Australia, Europe, India and Japan, reported to be doing contraceptive research. Detailed information was sought about fundamental research in reproductive biology, training of pre- and postdoctoral reproductive scientistis, applied research in contraceptive technology and evaluation of the safety of currently marketed contraceptives. An estimated US$154.8 million was spent in 1979 for all 3 categories of research; this amount declined by 12% in 1980. By 1983, expenditures in constant dollars were 79% of the 1979 figure. Contraceptive R and D accounted for 41% of the total expenditures during 1980-1983, fundamental for 52% and long-term contraceptive safety evaluation for 7%. The principal methods under investigation during this period were improved oral contraceptives, other ovulation inhibitors, post-ovulatory methods and pregnancy vaccines. Expenditures for contraceptive development are also presented by contributing organization (publicly supported, private industry and mission-oriented research projects). 46% of funds for evaluation of long-term safety of existing methods were spent on evaluation of oral contraceptives and 16% on the long-term risks of vasectomy. Investigations of barrier methods hardly played any part in overall research on safety in 1980 and 1981; but by 1983 these expenditures were 2nd only to those for the pill. Over the 4-year period, 63% of the funds spent on all types of research were for projects involving female reporduction, 18% for male reproduction and 19% for both. PMID:3843535

Atkinson, L E; Lincoln, R; Forrest, J D

1985-01-01

229

Evaluation systems for clinical governance development: a comparative study.  

PubMed

Lack of scientific and confirmed researches and expert knowledge about evaluation systems for clinical governance development in Iran have made studies on different evaluation systems for clinical governance development a necessity. These studies must provide applied strategies to design criteria of implementing clinical governance for hospital's accreditation. This is a descriptive and comparative study on development of clinical governance models all over the world. Data have been gathered by reviewing related articles. Models have been studied in comprehensive review method. The evaluated models of clinical governance development were Australian, NHS, SPOCK and OPTIGOV. The final aspects extracted from these models were Responsiveness, Policies and Strategies, Organizational Structure, Allocating Resources, Education and Occupational Development, Performance Evaluation, External Evaluation, Patient Oriented Approach, Risk Management, Personnel's Participation, Information Technology, Human Resources, Research and Development, Evidence Based Medicine, Clinical Audit, Health Technology Assessment and Quality. These results are applicable for completing the present criteria which evaluating clinical governance application and provide practical framework to evaluate country's hospital on the basis of clinical governance elements. PMID:25149884

Hooshmand, Elaheh; Tourani, Sogand; Ravaghi, Hamid; Ebrahimipour, Hossein

2014-01-01

230

Clinical Applications of Evaluation Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of followup investigations exploring the impact of methadone maintenance treatment, methadone detoxification treatment, therapeutic communities, and outpatient drug-free treatment for the drug abuser was conducted. Limitations of these modalities were revealed in the followup studies. Implications for treatment and policy include: (1)…

Brown, Barry S.

231

Qualitative Research and the Study of Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that the introduction of qualitative research methods into the study of leadership may improve this area of research by facilitating the introduction of a wider range of contextual variables into the investigation of leadership styles. It is also contended that such variables have the advantage of being grounded in people's experiences and are therefore more accesible to

Alan Bryman; Michael Bresnen; Alan Beardsworth; Teresa Keil

1988-01-01

232

Forensic medical evaluations of child maltreatment: a proposed research agenda.  

PubMed

Physicians play an important role in the forensic evaluation of suspected child abuse and neglect. There has been considerable progress in the medical field, helping distinguish findings related to maltreatment from other conditions or circumstances. Nevertheless, important questions remain. This article covers several of these questions and proposes a research agenda concerning five main topics: sexual abuse, neglect, fractures, abusive head trauma, and physicians work in interdisciplinary settings. The suggestions are hardly inclusive, but offer suggestions the authors think are priorities, and ones that research could reasonably address. By providing some background to gaps in our knowledge, this paper should be of interest to a broader audience than just medical professionals. PMID:25224781

Dubowitz, Howard; Christian, Cindy W; Hymel, Kent; Kellogg, Nancy D

2014-11-01

233

45 CFR 690.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROTECTION OF...123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...subjects (whether or not the research was subject to federal...

2011-10-01

234

An Ethnographic Study of Teachers' Implicit Theories on Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project studied the relationship between teachers' thinking and action, specifically, teachers' implicit theories in the subfield of evaluation. Particular focus was upon the way teachers generate their theories about teaching, the structure and content of such theories, and their influence on decisions and intructional practices.…

Garcia, Eduardo

235

Peer Evaluation: An Interview Study of Teachers Evaluating Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Salt Lake City School District (SLCSD) teacher evaluation system, which includes peer review and assistance for deficient teachers, was instituted in 1975. The Performance Assistance program provides for strong, experienced teachers (peer reviewers) to work with teachers identified by their principals as deficient. This study addresses the…

Benzley, Janet; And Others

236

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research: Drug Shortages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDA has just announced a new Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Website: Drug Shortages (the CDER was last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). Both sites should be useful to health care professionals. The first features a list of drugs that are in short supply as well as reasons why they are scarce and advice on how to obtain them.

2001-01-01

237

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research: Human Drug Advisory Committees  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDA has just announced a new Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Website: Human Drug Advisory Committees (the CDER was last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). Both sites should be useful to health care professionals. The site overviews FDA advisory committees' discussions about drugs submitted for approval (including selected transcripts), and supplies briefing documents, notice of upcoming committee meetings, and information on nominating members to advisory committees.

238

Five Misunderstandings About CaseStudy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific development; (c) the case study is most useful for generating hypotheses, whereas other methods are more suitable for hypotheses testing and theory building; (d) the case

Bent Flyvbjerg; M S Sridhar

2006-01-01

239

Teacher Evaluation: A Study of Effective Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A preliminary survey of 32 school districts identified as having highly developed teacher evaluation systems was followed by the selection of 4 case study districts (Salt Lake City, Utah; Lake Washington, Washington; Greenwich, Connecticut; and Toledo, Ohio) representing diverse teacher evaluation processes and organizational environments. Common…

Wise, Arthur E.; And Others

240

Evaluating Community Safety Programmes and Community Engagement: The Role of Qualitative Methods and Collaborative Approaches to Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the role of qualitative and collaborative methods when undertaking evaluation research into local community safety partnerships and neighbourhood strategies. It draws on recent examples of research and evaluation studies of regeneration and community safety programmes in a number of cities and towns in England. The discussion is set against the background of the major changes in policy

Jane Pitcher

2006-01-01

241

An evaluation approach for research project pilot technological applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a world increasingly more competitive and in a constantly development and growth it's important that companies have economic tools, like frameworks to help them to evaluate and validate the technology development to better fits in each company particular needs. The paper presents an evaluation approach for research project pilot applications to stimulate its implementation and deployment, increasing its adequacy and acceptance to their stakeholders and consequently providing new business profit and opportunities. Authors used the DECIDE evaluation framework as a major guide to this approach, which was tested in the iSURF project to support the implementation of an interoperability service utility for collaborative supply chain planning across multiple domains supported by RFID devices.

Marcelino-Jesus, Elsa; Sarraipa, Joao; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

2013-10-01

242

Insight into Evaluation Practice: A Content Analysis of Designs and Methods Used in Evaluation Studies Published in North American Evaluation-Focused Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To describe the recent practice of evaluation, specifically method and design choices, the authors performed a content analysis on 117 evaluation studies published in eight North American evaluation-focused journals for a 3-year period (2004-2006). The authors chose this time span because it follows the scientifically based research (SBR)…

Christie, Christina A.; Fleischer, Dreolin Nesbitt

2010-01-01

243

DESIGN ISSUES FOR EVALUATING SEEDLING EXPOSURE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Tree seedling studies, covering a wide range of experimental conditions in pollutant treatment, species, facilities, and exposure regimes, have become commonplace in forestry research for assessing the actual and potential environmental effects of air pollutants on forest ecosyst...

244

Research study on antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research project to investigate antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle vehicle was conducted. System from the Concorde, Boeing 747, Boeing 737, and Lockheed L-1011 were investigated. The characteristics of the Boeing 737 system which caused it to be selected are described. Other subjects which were investigated are: (1) trade studies of brake control concepts, (2) redundancy requirements trade study, (3) laboratory evaluation of antiskid systems, and (4) space shuttle hardware criteria.

Auselmi, J. A.; Weinberg, L. W.; Yurczyk, R. F.; Nelson, W. G.

1973-01-01

245

Independent Study in the Aphasia Research Project Undergraduate Students  

E-print Network

Independent Study in the Aphasia Research Project Undergraduate Students Research in the Aphasia Research Project involves the study of the nature the research project by their contributions. Independent study in the Aphasia

246

Benchmarks for evaluating the research productivity of accounting faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports comprehensive data on both the quantity and quality of research productivity of 3878 accounting faculty who earned their accounting doctoral degrees from 1971 to 1993. Publications in 40 journals were used to measure faculty publication quantity. Journal ratings derived from a compilation of the rankings of five prior studies and co-authorship were used to measure publication quality.

James R. Hasselback; Alan Reinstein; Edward S. Schwan

2000-01-01

247

An Evaluation Tool for Machine Translation: Fast Evaluation for MT Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a tool for the evaluation of translat ion quality. First, the typical requirements of such a tool i n the framework of machine translation (MT) research are discussed. We define e valuation criteria which are more adequate than pure edit distance and we describe how the measurement along these quality criteria is performed semi-automaticallyin a

Gregor Leusch; Hermann Ney; RWTH Aachen

2000-01-01

248

A More Comprehensive Index in the Evaluation of Scientific Research: The Single Researcher Impact Factor Proposal  

PubMed Central

Good alternatives to the Impact Factor (IF) algorithm are needed. The Thomson IF represents a limited measure of the importance of an individual article because 80% of a journal's IF is determined by only the 20% of the papers published. In the past few years, several new indexes has been created to provide alternatives to the IF algorithm. These include the removal of self citations from the calculation of the IF using the Adjusted IF, Index Copernicus initiative and other modifications such as the Cited Half-Life IF, Median IF, Disciplinary IF, and Prestige Factor. There is also the Euro-Factor, born in Europe to avoid the strong US centrality, and the English language basis of the Thomson database. One possible strategy to avoid "IF supremacy" is to create a new index, the Single Researcher Impact Factor (SRIF), that would move the evaluation from the power of scientific journals to the quality of single researchers. This measure can take into account the number and quality of the traditional publications and other activities usually associated with being a researcher, such as reviewing manuscripts, writing books, and attending scientific meetings. Also, in funding policy, it might be more useful to consider the merits, contributions, and real impact of all the scientific activities of a single researcher instead of adding only the journals' IF numbers. The major aim of this paper is to propose and describe the SRIF index that could represent a novel option to evaluate scientific research and researchers. PMID:21339895

Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Limonta, Daniel; Sarmiento, Luis; Molinari, Enrico

2010-01-01

249

Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practice-oriented book brings together research and evaluation approaches and supporting case studies from educational researchers and teachers. The emphasis is on changing practice in higher education and the research that underpins desirable development. Following an introduction, chapter 1 presents Educational Development Changing Practice…

Macdonald, Ranald; Wisdom, James

250

Research in nondestructive evaluation techniques for nuclear reactor concrete structures  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Materials Aging and Degradation (MAaD) Pathway of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is to develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting longterm environmental degradation behavior of material in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess the performance of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) essential to safe and sustained nuclear power plant operations. The understanding of aging-related phenomena and their impacts on SSCs is expected to be a significant issue for any nuclear power plant planning for long-term operations (i.e. service beyond the initial license renewal period). Management of those phenomena and their impacts during long-term operations can be better enable by improved methods and techniques for detection, monitoring, and prediction of SSC degradation. The MAaD Pathway R and D Roadmap for Concrete, 'Light Water Reactor Sustainability Nondestructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap', focused initial research efforts on understanding the recent concrete issues at nuclear power plants and identifying the availability of concrete samples for NDE techniques evaluation and testing. [1] An overview of the research performed by ORNL in these two areas is presented here.

Clayton, Dwight; Smith, Cyrus [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2014-02-18

251

Research in nondestructive evaluation techniques for nuclear reactor concrete structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the Materials Aging and Degradation (MAaD) Pathway of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is to develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting longterm environmental degradation behavior of material in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess the performance of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) essential to safe and sustained nuclear power plant operations. The understanding of aging-related phenomena and their impacts on SSCs is expected to be a significant issue for any nuclear power plant planning for long-term operations (i.e. service beyond the initial license renewal period). Management of those phenomena and their impacts during long-term operations can be better enable by improved methods and techniques for detection, monitoring, and prediction of SSC degradation. The MAaD Pathway R&D Roadmap for Concrete, "Light Water Reactor Sustainability Nondestructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap", focused initial research efforts on understanding the recent concrete issues at nuclear power plants and identifying the availability of concrete samples for NDE techniques evaluation and testing. [1] An overview of the research performed by ORNL in these two areas is presented here.

Clayton, Dwight; Smith, Cyrus

2014-02-01

252

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2005 Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the first two weeks of September 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2005 Research and Technology Studies (RATS). The Desert RATS field test activity is the culmination of the various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas year-long technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The purpose of the RATS is to drive out preliminary exploration concept of operations EVA system requirements by providing hands-on experience with simulated planetary surface exploration extravehicular activity (EVA) hardware and procedures. The RATS activities also are of significant importance in helping to develop the necessary levels of technical skills and experience for the next generation of engineers, scientists, technicians, and astronauts who will be responsible for realizing the goals of the Constellation Program. The 2005 Desert RATS was the eighth RATS field test and was the most systems-oriented, integrated field test to date with participants from NASA field centers, the United States Geologic Survey (USGS), industry partners, and research institutes. Each week of the test, the 2005 RATS addressed specific sets of objectives. The first week focused on the performance of surface science astro-biological sampling operations, including planetary protection considerations and procedures. The second week supported evaluation of the Science, Crew, Operations, and Utility Testbed (SCOUT) proto-type rover and its sub-systems. Throughout the duration of the field test, the Communications, Avionics, and Infomatics pack (CAI-pack) was tested. This year the CAI-pack served to provide information on surface navigation, science sample collection procedures, and EVA timeline awareness. Additionally, 2005 was the first year since the Apollo program that two pressurized suited test subjects have worked together simultaneously. Another first was the demonstration of recharge of cryogenic life support systems while in-use by the suited test subjects. The recharge capability allowed the simulated EVA test duration to be doubled, facilitating SCOUT proto-type rover testing. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2005 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations and test results.

Ross, Amy J.; Kosmo, Joseph J.; Janoiko, Barbara A.; Bernard, Craig; Splawn, Keith; Eppler, Dean B.

2006-01-01

253

Farmers' Attitude towards a Participatory Research Method Used to Evaluate Weed Management Strategies in Bananas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, farmers were engaged in a participatory research project and their attitudes evaluated. The purpose was to identify the characteristics of farmers who are favourably predisposed towards meaningful participation in the process. Several cover crops were tested for possible use in the management of watergrass ("Commelina diffusa"), a…

Ganpat, Wayne G.; Isaac, Wendy-Ann P.; Brathwaite, Richard A. I.; Bekele, Isaac

2009-01-01

254

Bridging the Gap between Research, Evaluation, and Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study organized a participatory action research team to investigate Council on Social Work Education policies and their effect on the teaching and production of evaluation at the master's level. Data were collected in the form of 282 theses, 27 surveys, and 7 telephone interviews with field instructors to examine the use of…

Davis, Sarita; Gervin, Derrick; White, Garrick; Williams, Aisha; Taylor, Angela; McGriff, Ebony

2013-01-01

255

Evaluation of the IRAD sonic extensometers for application in the Canadian Underground Research Laboratory (FY 1983)  

SciTech Connect

This report supplements an earlier study that discussed the suitability of using the IRAD sonic extensometer in the Underground Research Laboratory proposed by the Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd. In particular, it addresses the first and fourth recommendations made in that report concerning the basic accuracy of the instrument and evaluation of the electronic circuitry, respectively.

Glenn, H.D.; Butler, L.S.

1983-09-01

256

A New Approach to Evaluating the Well-Being of PhD Research Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of an assessment to evaluate the well-being of PhD researchers using a clinically approved methodology that places the perceptions and experiences of the subject population at the heart of its construction. It identifies and assesses the range and relative importance of seven distinct dimensions which are shown…

Juniper, Bridget; Walsh, Elaine; Richardson, Alan; Morley, Bernard

2012-01-01

257

Research on model of social channel based on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuzzy logic method was used to develop the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model (FCEM), which could quantitatively assess social channel dealers. 197 social channel dealers of telecom company were taken as a study case. The framework of FCEM for the integrated system included fifteen subsystems, which were place of business, area of business, times of personnel training etc. The research would

Wang Yuan; Li MaoQing; Hu XiaoJing

2009-01-01

258

Career Study Center: A Formative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluative study was made for the staff and students at Career Study Center (CSC) to provide them with information for the program's future development. Staff, students, and parents were randomly selected and interviewed and the results summarized. Students feel CSC is significantly different and better than previously attended schools; there…

Center for New Schools, Inc., Chicago, IL.

259

Cohort Profile: HAART Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) cohort.  

PubMed

Since 1986, antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been available free of charge to individuals living with HIV in British Columbia (BC), Canada, through the BC Centre of Excellence in HIV/AIDS (BC-CfE) Drug Treatment Program (DTP). The Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) cohort was established in 1996 to maintain a prospective record of clinical measurements and medication profiles of a subset of DTP participants initiating HAART in BC. This unique cohort provides a comprehensive data source to investigate mortality, prognostic factors and treatment response among people living with HIV in BC from the inception of HAART. Currently over 5000 individuals are enrolled in the HOMER cohort. Data captured include socio-demographic characteristics (e.g. sex, age, ethnicity, health authority), clinical variables (e.g. CD4 cell count, plasma HIV viral load, AIDS-defining illness, hepatitis C co-infection, mortality) and treatment variables (e.g. HAART regimens, date of treatment initiation, treatment interruptions, adherence data, resistance testing). Research findings from the HOMER cohort have featured in numerous high-impact peer-reviewed journals. The HOMER cohort collaborates with other HIV cohorts on both national and international scales to answer complex HIV-specific research questions, and welcomes input from external investigators regarding potential research proposals or future collaborations. For further information please contact the principal investigator, Dr Robert Hogg (robert_hogg@sfu.ca). PMID:24639444

Patterson, Sophie; Cescon, Angela; Samji, Hasina; Cui, Zishan; Yip, Benita; Lepik, Katherine J; Moore, David; Lima, Viviane D; Nosyk, Bohdan; Harrigan, P Richard; Montaner, Julio Sg; Hogg, Robert S; Shannon, Kate; Wood, Evan

2014-03-17

260

Finding qualitative research: an evaluation of search strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research makes an important contribution to our understanding of health and healthcare. However, qualitative evidence can be difficult to search for and identify, and the effectiveness of different types of search strategies is unknown. Methods Three search strategies for qualitative research in the example area of support for breast-feeding were evaluated using six electronic bibliographic databases. The strategies were based on using thesaurus terms, free-text terms and broad-based terms. These strategies were combined with recognised search terms for support for breast-feeding previously used in a Cochrane review. For each strategy, we evaluated the recall (potentially relevant records found) and precision (actually relevant records found). Results A total yield of 7420 potentially relevant records was retrieved by the three strategies combined. Of these, 262 were judged relevant. Using one strategy alone would miss relevant records. The broad-based strategy had the highest recall and the thesaurus strategy the highest precision. Precision was generally poor: 96% of records initially identified as potentially relevant were deemed irrelevant. Searching for qualitative research involves trade-offs between recall and precision. Conclusions These findings confirm that strategies that attempt to maximise the number of potentially relevant records found are likely to result in a large number of false positives. The findings also suggest that a range of search terms is required to optimise searching for qualitative evidence. This underlines the problems of current methods for indexing qualitative research in bibliographic databases and indicates where improvements need to be made. PMID:15070427

Shaw, Rachel L; Booth, Andrew; Sutton, Alex J; Miller, Tina; Smith, Jonathan A; Young, Bridget; Jones, David R; Dixon-Woods, Mary

2004-01-01

261

Evaluating the High School Lunar Research Projects Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Lunar Science and Exploration (CLSE), a collaboration between the Lunar and Planetary Institute and NASA's Johnson Space Center, is one of seven member teams of the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI). In addition to research and exploration activities, the CLSE team is deeply invested in education and outreach. In support of NASA's and NLSI's objective to train the next generation of scientists, CLSE's High School Lunar Research Projects program is a conduit through which high school students can actively participate in lunar science and learn about pathways into scientific careers. The objectives of the program are to enhance 1) student views of the nature of science; 2) student attitudes toward science and science careers; and 3) student knowledge of lunar science. In its first three years, approximately 140 students and 28 teachers from across the United States have participated in the program. Before beginning their research, students undertake Moon 101, a guided-inquiry activity designed to familiarize them with lunar science and exploration. Following Moon 101, and guided by a lunar scientist mentor, teams choose a research topic, ask their own research question, and design their own research approach to direct their investigation. At the conclusion of their research, teams present their results to a panel of lunar scientists. This panel selects four posters to be presented at the annual Lunar Science Forum held at NASA Ames. The top scoring team travels to the forum to present their research. Three instruments have been developed or modified to evaluate the extent to which the High School Lunar Research Projects meets its objectives. These three instruments measure changes in student views of the nature of science, attitudes towards science and science careers, and knowledge of lunar science. Exit surveys for teachers, students, and mentors were also developed to elicit general feedback about the program and its impact. The nature of science instrument is an open-ended, modified version of the Views of Nature of Science questionnaire. The science attitudes Likert-scale instrument is a modified version of the Attitudes Toward Science Inventory. The lunar science content instrument was developed by CLSE education staff. All three of these instruments are administered to students before and after their research experience to measure the program's impact on student views of the nature of science, attitudes toward science, and knowledge of lunar science. All instruments are administered online via Survey Monkey®. When asked if the program changed the way they view the Moon, 77.4% of students (n=53) replied "yes" and described their increase in knowledge of the formation of the Moon, lunar surface processes, etc. Just under half (41.5%) of the students reported that their experience in the program has contributed to their consideration of a career in science. When asked about obstacles teams had to overcome, teachers described issues with time, student motivation and technology. However, every teacher enthusiastically agreed that the authentic research experience was worthwhile to their students. Detailed evaluation results for the 2011-2012 program will be presented.

Shaner, A. J.; Shipp, S. S.; Allen, J.; Kring, D. A.

2012-12-01

262

Bridging human and animal research: A comparative approach to studies of personality and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluates a comparative approach to personality and health research. We (1) review evidence showing that personality exists and can be measured in animals, (2) illustrate the benefits of animal studies for human personality research, (3) illustrate the benefits of human studies for animal personality research, and (4) provide guidelines for making cross-species comparisons. We conclude that a comparative

Pranjal H. Mehta; Samuel D. Gosling

2008-01-01

263

Evaluation of a College Freshman Diversity Research Program in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate students in the astronomy department at the University of Washington began the Pre-Major in Astronomy Program (Pre-MAP) after recognizing that underrepresented students in STEM fields are not well retained after their transition from high school. Pre-MAP is a research and mentoring program that begins with a keystone seminar where they learn astronomical research techniques that they apply to research projects conducted in small groups. Students also receive one-on-one mentoring and peer support for the duration of the academic year and beyond. Successful Pre-MAP students have declared astronomy and physics majors, expanded their research projects beyond the fall quarter, presented posters at the UW Undergraduate Research Symposium, and received research fellowships and summer internships. Here we examine the success of the program in attracting underrepresented minorities and in facilitating better STEM retention and academic performance among incoming UW students. We use the University of Washington Student Database to study both the performance of Pre-MAP students and the overall UW student body over the past 8 years. We show that Pre-MAP students are generally more diverse than the overall UW population and also come in with a variety of different math backgrounds, which we show to be an important factor on STEM performance for the overall UW population. We find that that Pre-MAP students are both more academically successful and more likely to graduate in STEM fields than their UW peers, regardless of initial math placement.

Tremmel, Michael J.; Garner, S. M.; Schmidt, S. J.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Agol, E.

2014-01-01

264

Results of the air emission research study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Air quality was monitored in beef mono-slope barns. The objectives of the study were 1) to gather baseline data for the levels of gas emissions and particulate matter from beef mono-slope facilities, 2) evaluate the effect of two different manure handling systems on air quality, and 3) provide infor...

265

Oral Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

Tech University Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/EvaluationOral Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas (Functional Competency), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy

Gelfond, Michael

266

Qualifying Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

: Texas Tech University Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/EvaluationQualifying Examination Individual Rater Evaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program (Functional Competency), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy

Gelfond, Michael

267

Qualifying Examination Individual RaterEvaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program: Texas Tech University  

E-print Network

: Texas Tech University Scientific Knowledge and Methods (Foundational Competency), Research/EvaluationQualifying Examination Individual RaterEvaluation Form: Research Counseling Psychology Program (Functional Competency), Professionalism (Foundational Competency), and Ethical Legal Standards and Policy

Zhang, Yuanlin

268

78 FR 8446 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research; Prescription Drug Labeling Improvement and Enhancement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...facilitating optimal communication through labeling...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research...drug labeling as a communication tool and to discuss strategies for making it...

2013-02-06

269

78 FR 16679 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request...considered by the CDER Medical Policy Council (Council...Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). These comments...identify and address medical policy issues that...

2013-03-18

270

76 FR 59407 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and Information...report of scientific and medical literature and information...Biologics Evaluation and Research Report of Scientific and Medical Literature and...

2011-09-26

271

Schools and Neighborhoods Research Study: School Building Use Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the findings related to Objective 2 of the Schools and Neighborhoods Research Study. The task was to identify community services provided by the neighborhood school. The study staff reviewed the existing facilities use information from the Seattle Public Schools. Results from the Facilities Utilization Study Survey and the…

Eismann, Donald; And Others

272

Postgraduate Students' Experiences in Interdisciplinary Research Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many postgraduate interdisciplinary research (IDR) candidates in the applied disciplines work across two or more traditional areas of study. Such candidates often spend considerable time on knowledge-building activities outside their home (or undergraduate) disciplines; IDR candidates venture into new fields and are exposed to the cultures and…

Winberg, C.; Barnes, V.; Ncube, K.; Tshinu, S.

2011-01-01

273

Endotoxin Studies And Biosolids Stabilization Research  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation has three parts; a review of bench-scale endotoxin research, a review of observations from a field scale endotoxin release study, and discussion of biosolids stabilization and characterization by PLFA/FAME microbial community analysis. Endotoxins are part of th...

274

The Evolution of Family Studies Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of methodological, theoretical, and topical trends in family studies research covers changes in definitions of family and in marriage, parent-child relationships, and family social ecology. Issues discussed include marital satisfaction, violence, social construction of gender, family-work relationship, parenting roles, socialization,…

Emery, Beth C.; Lloyd, Sally A.

2001-01-01

275

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving, and…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

276

Reye's Syndrome: A Review of Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical and pathological studies of Reye's syndrome indicate that symptoms range from influenza-related encephalitis-type disease to cranial pressure, cerebral edema, hemorrhage, and coma. Biochemical research on the blood, ammonia, and the liver is increasing in sophistication, and hopes for future insight into the etiology of Reye's syndrome…

Lopez, Thomas P.; And Others

1982-01-01

277

Guide to Library Research in Chicano Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to acquaint persons conducting library research in Chicano Studies with the numerous reference materials found in the University Library at the University of California-Santa Barbara, the manual provides information on the Coleccion Tloque Nahuaque, relevant subject headings, and a useful search strategy. The Coleccion Tloque Nahuaque,…

Guerena, Salvador; Gonzales, Raquel Quiroz

278

Guide to Library Research in Chicano Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to acquaint persons conducting library research in Chicano Studies with the reference materials found in the University Library at the University of California-Santa Barbara, the manual provides information on the Coleccion Tloque Nahuaque, relevant subject headings, and a useful search strategy. Resources, staff, assigned reading…

Guerena, Salvador; Gonzalez, Raquel Quiroz

279

Contexts of diffusion: Adoption of research synthesis in Social Work and Women's Studies  

E-print Network

Texts reveal the subjects of interest in research fields, and the values, beliefs, and practices of researchers. In this study, texts are examined through bibliometric mapping and topic modeling to provide a birds eye view of the social dynamics associated with the diffusion of research synthesis methods in the contexts of Social Work and Women's Studies. Research synthesis texts are especially revealing because the methods, which include meta-analysis and systematic review, are reliant on the availability of past research and data, sometimes idealized as objective, egalitarian approaches to research evaluation, fundamentally tied to past research practices, and performed with the goal informing future research and practice. This study highlights the co-influence of past and subsequent research within research fields; illustrates dynamics of the diffusion process; and provides insight into the cultural contexts of research in Social Work and Women's Studies. This study suggests the potential to further develo...

Sheble, Laura

2014-01-01

280

75 FR 54343 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FDA-2010-N-0436] Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood Establishments That Collect Whole Blood and Blood Components AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

2010-09-07

281

Applying the Context, Input, Process, Product Evaluation Model for Evaluation, Research, and Redesign of an Online Master's Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate and redesign an online master's degree program consisting of 12 courses from the informatics field using a context, input, process, product (CIPP) evaluation model. Research conducted during the redesign of the online program followed a mixed methodology in which data was collected through a CIPP survey,…

Sancar Tokmak, Hatice; Meltem Baturay, H.; Fadde, Peter

2013-01-01

282

[Study and evaluation on hemocompatibility of biomaterials].  

PubMed

Hemocompatibility is an important component of biocompatibility; it reflects the degree of interaction between material and blood. Hemocompatibility is multifaceted, so that the material's impact on the blood and the underlying mechanism are very complicated. This article presents a review of researches probing the impact of material on blood via contact activation and plasma protein adsorption; via the platelet activated and the formation of thrombin; via the complement system activated and the activation of leukocytes as well as other mechanisms of hemolysis. The current methods for evaluation and the future trend of development are also introduced. PMID:19947512

Yang, Lifeng; Xu, Jianxia; Xi, Tingfei

2009-10-01

283

Research on the Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Model of Undergraduate Innovation Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlined the ideas of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, and then researched the innovative ability of undergraduate, by designing innovation ability evaluation index system and evaluation criteria, constructing fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model, and used an empirical analysis to evaluate of student innovation ability; finally put forward ideas for the evaluation of the results.

Zou Xiaoling; Ye Long

2010-01-01

284

A Consortium of the United States Council for Automotive Research Nondestructive Evaluation Steering Committee  

E-print Network

A Consortium of the United States Council for Automotive Research Nondestructive Evaluation Steering Committee Strategic Plan for Nondestructive Evaluation Development in the North American #12;Cover Photo: Pictured is a modern use of Nondestructive Evaluation for ensuring paint quality

Knowles, David William

285

Interpretive Research & Evaluation FOR 569-501, 588, Stephen F. Austin State University  

E-print Network

) identifying appropriate research topics, (2) choosing between qualitative and quantitative approaches, (3 research: Planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Upper SaddleSYLLABUS 1 Interpretive Research & Evaluation FOR 569-501, 588, Stephen F. Austin State University

Coble, Theresa G.

286

Cooperate performance evaluation and empirical study on added value  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research has been done on the corporate economic performance evaluation. But after the global economic recession, research has switched to those performance evaluation areas based on social responsibility. In order to deal with the challenge, after fully consideration of the direct participant's contribution and profit, this paper set up a performance evaluation index system based on the perspective of

Shiying Huang; Xuezhi Qin

2010-01-01

287

Evaluating health services research capacity building programs: implications for health services and human resource development.  

PubMed

Evaluation of research capacity building programs presents challenges, including defining "research capacity building" and measuring it. The present study evaluates infrastructure capacity-building strategies and barriers and facilitators of two federally funded health-related research capacity building programs within the United States. We developed a conceptual framework and abstracted 223 data elements from existing project files. We administered questionnaires to 17 principal investigators and conducted 2-h interviews of 15 principal investigators. Finally, we conducted one-and-a-half-day site visits with five projects. We aggregated data and analysis results across the two programs. Impacts and strategies were also analyzed as to whether host institutions had little or no existing research infrastructure ("seed projects") or had well-developed research infrastructure ("fertilizer projects"). Projects were associated with increases in publication and presentation rates by Principal Investigators and staff, increases in research funding, changes in organizational research culture, and positive impacts on the community. Project characteristics and activities associated with each of these outcomes were identified. It was also noted that the correlations between these outcomes were small and non-significant. PMID:23291786

Levine, Roger; Russ-Eft, Darlene; Burling, Andrea; Stephens, Jennifer; Downey, Joanna

2013-04-01

288

Evaluating research for disruptive innovation in the space sector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many governmental space activities need to be planned with a time horizon that extends beyond the comfort zone of reliable technology development assessments and predictions. In an environment of accelerating technological change, a methodological approach to addressing non-core technology trends and potentially disruptive, game-changing developments not yet linked to the space sector is increasingly important to complement efforts in core technology R&D planning. Various models and organisational setups aimed at fulfilling this purpose are in existence. These include, with varying levels of relevance to space, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC, operational form 1998 to 2007 and recently re-established), the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency of the US Department of Defence, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Medialab, the early versions of Starlab, the Lockheed Skunk Works and the European Space Agency's Advanced Concepts Team. Some of these organisations have been reviewed and assessed individually, though systematic comparison of their methods, approaches and results have not been published. This may be due in part to the relatively sparse scientific literature on organisational parameters for enabling disruptive innovation as well as to the lack of commonly agreed indicators for the evaluation of their performance. Furthermore, innovation support systems in the space sector are organised differently than in traditional, open competitive markets, which serve as the basis for most scholarly literature on the organisation of innovation. The present paper is intended to advance and stimulate discussion on the organisation of disruptive innovation mechanisms specifically for the space sector. It uses the examples of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts and the ESA Advanced Concepts Team, analyses their respective approaches and compares their results, leading to the proposal of measures for the analysis and eventual evaluation of research for disruptive innovation in the space sector.

Summerer, L.

2012-12-01

289

Evaluation Criteria for Solid Waste Processing Research and Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary list of criteria is proposed for evaluation of solid waste processing technologies for research and technology development (R&TD) in the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. Completion of the proposed list by current and prospective ALS technology developers, with regard to specific missions of interest, may enable identification of appropriate technologies (or lack thereof) and guide future development efforts for the ALS Program solid waste processing area. An attempt is made to include criteria that capture information about the technology of interest as well as its system-wide impacts. Some of the criteria in the list are mission-independent, while the majority are mission-specific. In order for technology developers to respond to mission-specific criteria, critical information must be available on the quantity, composition and state of the waste stream, the wast processing requirements, as well as top-level mission scenario information (e.g. safety, resource recovery, planetary protection issues, and ESM equivalencies). The technology readiness level (TRL) determines the degree to which a technology developer is able to accurately report on the list of criteria. Thus, a criteria-specific minimum TRL for mandatory reporting has been identified for each criterion in the list. Although this list has been developed to define criteria that are needed to direct funding of solid waste processing technologies, this list processes significant overlap in criteria required for technology selection for inclusion in specific tests or missions. Additionally, this approach to technology evaluation may be adapted to other ALS subsystems.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, J. A.; Alazraki, M. P.

2001-01-01

290

Living the tension: a case study of teacher stories of teacher evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is one of eight case studies prepared for Alberta Education (the provincial Department of Education) specifically the Teacher Evaluation Policy Impact Project, on the subject of teacher evaluation.A suburban, Protestant education district of thirteen schools participated in this study. A five?member research team of university faculty and graduate students collaborated on the case study. Four of them have

D. Jean Clandinin; Merle Kennedy; Linda La Rocque; Marni Pearce

1996-01-01

291

17 CFR 200.13b - Director of the Office of Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. 200.13b Section 200... ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. The Director of the Office...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research is the chief...

2011-04-01

292

17 CFR 200.13b - Director of the Office of Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. 200.13b Section 200... ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. The Director of the Office...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research is the chief...

2013-04-01

293

17 CFR 200.13b - Director of the Office of Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. 200.13b Section 200... ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. The Director of the Office...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research is the chief...

2012-04-01

294

17 CFR 200.13b - Director of the Office of Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. 200.13b Section 200... ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. The Director of the Office...Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research is the chief...

2014-04-01

295

Card Studies for Observational Research in Practice  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Observational studies that collect patient-level survey data at the point-of-care are often called card studies. Card studies have been used to describe clinical problems, management, and outcomes in primary care for more than 30 years. In this article we describe 2 types of card studies and the methods for conducting them. METHODS We undertook a descriptive review of card studies conducted in 3 Colorado practice-based research networks and several other networks throughout the United States. We summarized experiences of the State Networks of Colorado Ambulatory Practices and Partners (SNOCAP). RESULTS Card studies can be designed to study specific conditions or care (clinicians complete a card when they encounter patients who meet inclusion criteria) and to determine trends and prevalence of conditions (clinicians complete a card on all patients seen during a period). Data can be collected from clinicians and patients and can be linked. CONCLUSIONS Card studies provide cross-sectional descriptive data about clinical care, knowledge and behavior, perception of care, and prevalence of conditions. Card studies remain a robust method for describing primary care. PMID:21242563

Westfall, John M.; Zittleman, Linda; Staton, Elizabeth W.; Parnes, Bennett; Smith, Peter C.; Niebauer, Linda J.; Fernald, Douglas H.; Quintela, Javan; Van Vorst, Rebecca F.; Dickinson, L. Miriam; Pace, Wilson D.

2011-01-01

296

Designing Effective Teacher Evaluation Plans. Research in Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts with successful teacher evaluation programs all treat evaluation as a major district responsibility, allocate considerable resources to evaluation, carry out the programs as planned, keep administrators and teachers well informed about the plan, develop methods for ensuring the competence of evaluators, and use the evaluation

National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.

297

Building Theories from Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of inducting theory using case studies-from\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Some features\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of the process, such as problem definition and construct validation,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009are similar to hypothesis-testing research. Others, such as within-case\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009analysis and replication logic, are unique to the inductive, case-oriented\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009process. Overall, the process described here is highly iterative\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and tightly

Kathleen M Eisenhardt

1989-01-01

298

Program for transfer research and impact studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research activities conducted under the Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies (TRIS) during 1972 included: (1) preparation of 10,196 TSP requests for TRIS application analysis; (2) interviews with over 500 individuals concerning the technical, economic, and social impacts of NASA-generated technology; (3) preparation of 38 new technology transfer example files and 101 new transfer cases; and (4) maintenance of a technology transfer library containing more than 2,900 titles. Six different modes of technology utilization are used to illustrate the pervasiveness of the transfer and diffusion of aerospace innovations. These modes also provide a basis for distinguishing the unique characteristics of the NASA Technology Utilization Program. An examination is reported of the ways in which NASA-generated technology is contributing to beneficial social change in five major areas of human concern: health, environment, safety, transportation, and communication.

Rusnak, J. J.; Freeman, J. E.; Hartley, J. M.; Kottenstette, J. P.; Staskin, E. R.

1973-01-01

299

A Comprehensive System for the Evaluation of Innovative Online Instruction at a Research University: Foundations, Components and Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The delivery of post-secondary coursework via the Internet continues to gain momentum. As a result, investigations into effective and appropriate methods of evaluating the effectiveness of these courses are required. In an effort to meet this challenge, this study describes the development and implementation of an evaluation system applied to new online programs at a major research university. A systematic

Kristine Y. Hogarty; Melinda R. Hess; Gianna Rendina-Gobioff; Amy Hilbelink; Tom R. Lang

300

Integrating utilization-focused evaluation with business process modeling for clinical research improvement  

PubMed Central

New discoveries in basic science are creating extraordinary opportunities to design novel biomedical preventions and therapeutics for human disease. But the clinical evaluation of these new interventions is, in many instances, being hindered by a variety of legal, regulatory, policy and operational factors, few of which enhance research quality, the safety of study participants or research ethics. With the goal of helping increase the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical research, we have examined how the integration of utilization-focused evaluation with elements of business process modeling can reveal opportunities for systematic improvements in clinical research. Using data from the NIH global HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks, we analyzed the absolute and relative times required to traverse defined phases associated with specific activities within the clinical protocol lifecycle. Using simple median duration and Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis, we show how such time-based analyses can provide a rationale for the prioritization of research process analysis and re-engineering, as well as a means for statistically assessing the impact of policy modifications, resource utilization, re-engineered processes and best practices. Successfully applied, this approach can help researchers be more efficient in capitalizing on new science to speed the development of improved interventions for human disease. PMID:21552512

Kagan, Jonathan M; Rosas, Scott; Trochim, William M K

2011-01-01

301

Evaluation of an Indoor Sonic Boom Subjective Test Facility at NASA Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sonic boom simulator at NASA Langley Research Center has been constructed for research on human response to low-amplitude sonic booms heard indoors. Research in this facility will ultimately lead to development of a psychoacoustic model for single indoor booms. The first subjective test was designed to explore indoor human response to variations in sonic boom rise time and amplitude. Another goal was to identify loudness level variability across listener locations within the facility. Finally, the test also served to evaluate the facility as a laboratory research tool for studying indoor human response to sonic booms. Subjects listened to test sounds and were asked to rate their annoyance relative to a reference boom. Measurements of test signals were conducted for objective analysis and correlation with subjective responses. Results confirm the functionality of the facility and effectiveness of the test methods and indicate that loudness level does not fully describe indoor annoyance to the selected sonic boom signals.

Loubeau, Alexandra; Rathsam, Jonathan; Klos, Jacob

2011-01-01

302

Design and evaluation of an undergraduate laboratory course in atmospheric science research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An atmospheric science research laboratory course was created based on the Center for Authentic Science Practice in Education (CASPiE) model. CASPiE was designed to provide first and second-year chemistry students with an opportunity to be an integral part of authentic research projects. The CASPiE model was adapted to atmospheric science and renamed Earth and Atmospheric Science-CASPiE (EAS-CASPiE). Students engaged in learning activities such as those normally included in introductory atmospheric science courses, as well as working as part of a research team, and presenting scientific knowledge to colleagues. Undergraduate research experiences have been shown to benefit students by increasing ability in the science discipline itself, by helping students develop a better understanding of the nature of science, and by clarifying their career choice. This study evaluated the EAS-CASPiE course through the experience of the students using interviews, surveys and student performance on course assignments. The conclusions of this study found that EAS-CASPiE students were able to perform authentic research due to the scaffolding structure of the course, the collaboration in research teams and engagement in the research project; furthermore students' career choice appeared to be clarified after completing the course.

Quardokus, Kathleen M.

303

Designing Educational Workshops for Clinical Research Study Support Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes organization and evaluation of 13 workshops at the University of Wisconsin-Madison providing professional development for clinical research support staff. Topics included ethics, protocol development, statistics, audits, and tips and tools for successful research. Evaluation indicated the workshops met educational goals but did not…

Bakken, Lori L.; Reichel, Paul A.

1996-01-01

304

Advancing Positive Youth Development: Perspectives of Youth as Researchers and Evaluators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the journey taken by a group of adolescents into the field and practice of youth-led research. The article gives voice to the growing number of youth participating in research and evaluation. The authors give authentic youth accounts of: (1) the process of becoming researchers and evaluators, (2) the benefits and challenges…

White, David J.; Shoffner, Anna; Johnson, Kendal; Knowles, Netti; Mills, Madison

2012-01-01

305

Research on a General Teachers Evaluation Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers evaluation is the important part of teaching management works in universities, which is helpful for supervising and responding teaching situation and teaching effectiveness. This paper introduces the design idea and implementation methods of the teaching evaluation management system based on Web. The teaching evaluation management system is designed on the actual teaching evaluation management work and the good network

Zhang Zhiyu; Yan Xiujian; Li Li; Wu Baogui

2010-01-01

306

Preliminary evaluation of the learning outcome achieved by a nursing research seminar course for doctoral students.  

PubMed

Educational evaluation is a priority policy of the Ministry of Education and student learning outcome is an important criterion used in educational evaluation work. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the learning outcome of a newly developed course for doctoral students entitled, Nursing Research Seminar. The course was one semester in length and required students to attend 2 hours of class per week. Student learning outcome was evaluated based on the level of understanding students had of course objectives. The six objectives of this course were: evaluating and integrating research papers; enhancing critical thinking skills; gaining an in-depth understanding of the literature related to topics of interest; enhancing ability to construct research proposals; guiding student dissertation work; and refining critical research skills. Data were collected from the responses provided by 25 students on a 5-point Likert-type evaluation form based on course objectives filled out during the last class of the semester. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were adopted. Results showed: (1) The average post-course score (24.76 +/- 2.89) was significantly higher than the pre-course score (18.40 +/- 5.52); (2) Students realized significant improvements in all six objectives at the end of the course; (3) There were statistically significant differences in improvement scores in all six objectives for students in different years of their doctoral program; (4) The lower the year in the program, the higher the improvement scores for each course objective; (5) The two objectives of the six that saw the most significant improvements were "gaining an in-depth understanding of the literature related to topics of interest", and "enhancing critical thinking skills". Because of the small sample size, conclusions drawn from this study should be treated as tentative. Findings provide preliminary information supporting the importance and necessity of offering the Nursing Research Seminar course to nursing doctoral students. The course provided different benefits to students at different years in the program and, overall, research results encourage that this course continue to be offered. PMID:18528815

Lou, Meei-Fang; Chen, Yueh-Chih

2008-06-01

307

CSM research: Methods and application studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computational mechanics is that discipline of applied science and engineering devoted to the study of physical phenomena by means of computational methods based on mathematical modeling and simulation, utilizing digital computers. The discipline combines theoretical and applied mechanics, approximation theory, numerical analysis, and computer science. Computational mechanics has had a major impact on engineering analysis and design. When applied to structural mechanics, the discipline is referred to herein as computational structural mechanics. Complex structures being considered by NASA for the 1990's include composite primary aircraft structures and the space station. These structures will be much more difficult to analyze than today's structures and necessitate a major upgrade in computerized structural analysis technology. NASA has initiated a research activity in structural analysis called Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM). The broad objective of the CSM activity is to develop advanced structural analysis technology that will exploit modern and emerging computers, such as those with vector and/or parallel processing capabilities. Here, the current research directions for the Methods and Application Studies Team of the Langley CSM activity are described.

Knight, Norman F., Jr.

1989-01-01

308

Attitudes of Sudanese researchers on obtaining informed consent from study subjects involved in health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 153 Sudanese researchers was invited to participate in this study to explore their knowledge and attitudes towards informed consent in health research involving human subjects. Only 95 were interviewed, with a response rate of 62%. Forty seven (49.5%) of the surveyed researchers reported that they obtain informed consent from study subjects whenever they conduct a research study.

Dya Eldin; Mohammed Elsayed; Nancy E. Kass

309

The case for applying an early-lifecycle technology evaluation methodology to comparative evaluation of requirements engineering research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The premise of this paper is taht there is a useful analogy between evaluation of proposed problem solutions and evaluation of requirements engineering research itself. Both of these application areas face the challenges of evaluation early in the lifecycle, of the need to consider a wide variety of factors, and of the need to combine inputs from multiple stakeholders in making thse evaluation and subsequent decisions.

Feather, Martin S.

2003-01-01

310

Evaluation of UK Integrated Care Pilots: research protocol  

PubMed Central

Background In response to concerns that the needs of the aging population for well-integrated care were increasing, the English National Health Service (NHS) appointed 16 Integrated Care Pilots following a national competition. The pilots have a range of aims including development of new organisational structures to support integration, changes in staff roles, reducing unscheduled emergency hospital admissions, reduced length of hospital stay, increasing patient satisfaction, and reducing cost. This paper describes the evaluation of the initiative which has been commissioned. Study design and data collection methods A mixed methods approach has been adopted including interviews with staff and patients, non-participant observation of meetings, structured written feedback from sites, questionnaires to patients and staff, and analysis of routinely collected hospital utilisation data for patients/service users. The qualitative analysis aims to identify the approaches taken to integration by the sites, the benefits which result, the context in which benefits have resulted, and the mechanisms by which they occur. Methods of analysis The quantitative analysis adopts a ‘difference in differences’ approach comparing health care utilisation before and after the intervention with risk-matched controls. The qualitative data analysis adopts a ‘theory of change’ approach in which we triangulate data from the quantitative analysis with qualitative data in order to describe causal effects (what happens when an independent variable changes) and causal mechanisms (what connects causes to their effects). An economic analysis will identify what incremental resources are required to make integration succeed and how they can be combined efficiently to produce better outcomes for patients. Conclusion This evaluation will produce a portfolio of evidence aimed at strengthening the evidence base for integrated care, and in particular identifying the context in which interventions are likely to be effective. These data will support a series of evaluation judgements aimed at reducing uncertainties about the role of integrated care in improving the efficient and effective delivery of healthcare. PMID:20922068

Ling, Tom; Bardsley, Martin; Adams, John; Lewis, Richard; Roland, Martin

2010-01-01

311

Formative ethnographic research to improve evaluation of a novel water system in Ghana.  

PubMed

The accessibility of potable water is fundamental to public health. A private for-profit company is installing kiosk-based drinking-water systems in rural and peri-urban villages in Ghana, and we evaluated their performance. Preceding an observational study to measure the effect of these kiosks on the incidence of water-related disease in recipient communities, we conducted ethnographic research to assess local water-related practices and the ways these practices would affect adoption of the new technology. We conducted fieldwork in two communities in Ghana and interviewed stakeholders throughout the water sector. Our findings illustrate the complexity of water-related behaviors and indicate several factors that may sustain disease transmission despite the presence of the new technology. This formative ethnographic research also improved the precision of our subsequent evaluation of the intervention by providing a site-specific, culturally-appropriate knowledge base. This study demonstrates the value of incorporating qualitative research techniques into evaluations of water-related projects. PMID:21540392

Alcorn, Ted E; Opryszko, Melissa C; Schwab, Kellogg J

2011-05-01

312

Development and implementation of the U. S. EPA's Waste Reduction Innovative Technology Evaluation (WRITE) research program  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Reduction Innovative Technology Evaluation (WRITE) Program is one of EPA's major pollution prevention research programs. The program encourages joint interaction by industry and government in the development, demonstration and implementation of effective techniques and practices for minimizing the generation of non-hazardous as well as hazardous wastes. Through the program, technical and economic evaluations of industrial manufacturing and processing operations use to reduce the volume or toxicity of wastes are conducted. Research studies are also being conducted under the WRITE Program to address long-term chemical and industry-specific pollution prevention issues. The paper describes the development and implementation of EPA's WRITE Program. Summaries of the Program findings and conclusions to date are also presented.

Apel, M.L.; Freeman, H.M.

1990-01-01

313

Developing a Culture of Evaluative Inquiry: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that few educational reform efforts have achieved significant, long-lasting improvement in student achievement. In order to accelerate growth in student achievement, many researchers have advocated the development of cultures of evaluative inquiry. In a culture of evaluative inquiry, teachers use data to identify instructional…

Miller, Happy Lee

2012-01-01

314

Report endorses climate study, recommends several research foci  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major study to understand climate variability and predict climate change should proceed in the same direction, a National Research Council (NRC) panel has recommended. The panel also urged the implementation of a number of future research activities. The study, known as the Continental-Scale Intercomparison Project (GCIP), the first of five continental-scale projects of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX), began in 1990.Recent efforts to study climate have emphasized the importance of improved understanding of many aspects of the hydrologic cycle and the exchange of energy and water at the atmosphere-surface interface. To address these issues within the context of the Mississippi River basin, the World Climate Research Programme established the GEWEX GCIP. The NRC established a panel specifically to evaluate and provide scientific leadership and guidance on the scientific strategies, plans, and priorities of the GEWEX Program. This panel's report, “GCIP: A Review of Progress and Opportunities,” also highlighted the major accomplishments of the study so far. It was released June 8 at the GCIP Mississippi River Hydrometeorology Conference in St. Louis, Mo.

Sorooshian, Soroosh; Schultz, Peter

315

Multi-KW dc distribution system technology research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Multi-KW DC Distribution System Technology Research Study is the third phase of the NASA/MSFC study program. The purpose of this contract was to complete the design of the integrated technology test facility, provide test planning, support test operations and evaluate test results. The subjet of this study is a continuation of this contract. The purpose of this continuation is to study and analyze high voltage system safety, to determine optimum voltage levels versus power, to identify power distribution system components which require development for higher voltage systems and finally to determine what modifications must be made to the Power Distribution System Simulator (PDSS) to demonstrate 300 Vdc distribution capability.

Dawson, S. G.

1978-01-01

316

Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)  

PubMed Central

Background The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement. PMID:21771329

2011-01-01

317

Uncovering Epistemological Assumptions underlying Research in Information Studies  

E-print Network

1 Uncovering Epistemological Assumptions underlying Research in Information Studies Steve Fuller researchers for practical or applied research not to ignore the epistemological assumptions underlying also deplored the "epistemological promiscuity" or "eclecticism" of the field, its incessant borrowing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

318

POLICIES GOVERNING RESEARCH AT THE SODA SPRINGS DESERT STUDIES CENTER  

E-print Network

research, for compliance with regulations affecting use of animals, collection of plants or animals planning research involving trapping or collecting of plants or animals, disturbing archaeologicalPOLICIES GOVERNING RESEARCH AT THE SODA SPRINGS DESERT STUDIES CENTER Introduction

de Lijser, Peter

319

Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Guide to Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering University the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UH) an ideal place for education and research in ocean and resources ..................................................................................................................... 5 Responsible Conduct of Research Training

Frandsen, Jannette B.

320

Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering  

E-print Network

Guide to Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering University of Hawaii-oriented activities make the University of Hawaii at Manoa an ideal place for education and research in ocean Research Facilities

Frandsen, Jannette B.

321

Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID)  

E-print Network

Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID) A.D. Pimentel L: performance evaluation, simulation, MIMD architectures Introduction The Mermaid project focuses must be simulated without too much remodelling effort. The MIMD architectures modelled within Mermaid

322

Llifelog : discovering and evaluating research projects through peer-to-peer exchange  

E-print Network

Llifelog is a web platform for discovering, evaluating, and exchanging research projects among students and researchers from both academia and industry. The goal of Llifelog is foster a community of critique among students ...

Bian, Li, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01

323

Research on Company's Financial Performance Evaluation Basing on Fuzzy Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some theories of the system of performance evaluation, analyses merit and disadvantage of these theories. Based on theories of economics, management and accounting, this paper brings forward the system of performance evaluation with method of fuzzy mathematics. This paper validates the correctness of the system of performance evaluation with the example.

Sun Wei

2010-01-01

324

48 CFR 225.7016 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN...

2010-10-01

325

Collaboration in a Multidisciplinary, Distributed Research Organization: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaboration has become a main characteristic of academic research today. New forms of research organizations, colaboratories, have come to the fore, with distributed research centres as their most complex example. In this study, we aim to provide some insight into the collaboration strategies of researchers in their daily researching activities…

Duysburgh, Pieter; Naessens, Kris; Konings, Wim; Jacobs, An

2012-01-01

326

What Types of Designs Are We Using in Social Work Research and Evaluation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses a void in the literature about social work research and evaluation (R&E) designs, in particular related to the quality of its published work. Data were collected by reviewing three empirically oriented journals, "Research on Social Work Practice", "Journal of Social Service Research", and "Social Work Research" over three…

Holosko, Michael J.

2010-01-01

327

The Role of Theory in Learning Technology Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts a fundamental analysis of the nature of research into e-learning and the role that theory plays in this. We examine "research" in broad terms, and the nature of phenomena in general. We identify that e-learning is an artificial phenomenon, and that research approaches need to be cognisant of the design elements in e-learning,…

Phillips, Rob; Kennedy, Gregor; McNaught, Carmel

2012-01-01

328

Stem Cell Research: An Ethical Evaluation of Policy Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

In February 2004, South Korean researchers became the first in the world to successfully harvest stem cells and establish a stem cell line from a cloned human embryo. This is just one of eight possible policy options concern- ing human embryonic stem cell research. In practice, every kind of stem cell research can be done in one country or another.

Nikolaus Knoepffler

2004-01-01

329

The Research Resource Guide: A Description and Formative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate research is important for preparing the next generation of scholars in family and consumer sciences (FCS). The Research Resource Guide (RRG) was developed in response to that need; it provides comprehensive information on the research process for faculty to incorporate into undergraduate courses. The RRG comprises three levels: (a)…

Jones, Ethel; Ralston, Penny; Coccia, Catherine; Young-Clark, Iris; Atkinson, Cheryl; Davis, Kimberly E.; Fluellen, Vivian; Hausafus, Cheryl O.; Johnson, Linda; Prowell, Grace

2014-01-01

330

Implementation and evaluation of an undergraduate research practicum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although collegiate faculty once believed that lecture and discussion were the best strategies for teaching research to undergraduate students, educators now question using these strategies exclusively. At present, more active involvement is recommended for learning the research process and for changing students' attitudes. The development of a practicum, designed to involve students in a meaningful research experience within a limited

Frank L. Cole

1995-01-01

331

A Methodology for Evaluation Research on Introductory Psychology Subject Pools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that introductory psychology college students continue to be the primary source of subjects for psychological research. This extensive use of involuntary subjects in a required service subject pool raises numerous important questions for science and for educational and professional ethics. A general overview of research

Miller, Arden

332

Rough Rock School Evaluation, Spring 1974. Research and Evaluation Report Series No. 03.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting the findings of five different evaluators and/or evaluation teams, this 1974 evaluation of the Navajo Rough Rock Demonstration School is organized as follows: (1) an evaluation of Rough Rock's administration; (2) a followup report re the 1972 Rough Rock Evaluation Report; (3) a list of the curriculum evaluation criteria; (4) an…

Hopkins, Thomas R.; And Others

333

Research issues in the evaluation of cognitive impairment in intensive care unit survivors.  

PubMed

Neuropsychological assessment has been utilized extensively in the research of cognitive outcomes associated with medical illnesses, such as HIV, and post-surgical procedures, such as coronary artery bypass graft. However, few investigations of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors have examined cognitive function as a clinical outcome. Significant clinical questions exist regarding the impact of critical illness on long-term cognitive function. Many of these questions can be systematically evaluated through the use of standardized neuropsychological assessment instruments within the context of well designed, prospective research trials. This review will provide information for clinical researchers interested in the study of neuropsychological outcomes in intensive care unit survivors ( a comparison article in this issue will address clinical issues related to cognitive functioning). PMID:15372146

Jackson, James C; Gordon, Sharon M; Ely, E Wesley; Burger, Candice; Hopkins, Ramona O

2004-11-01

334

Research Performed within the Non-Destructive Evaluation Team at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Non-destructive testing is essential in many fields of manufacturing and research in order to perform reliable examination of potentially damaged materials and parts without destroying the inherent structure of the materials. Thus, the Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) Team at NASA Glenn Research Center partakes in various projects to improve materials testing equipment as well as analyze materials, material defects, and material deficiencies. Due to the array of projects within the NDE Team at this time, five research aims were supplemental to some current projects. A literature survey of "DE and testing methodologies as related to rocks was performed. Also, Mars Expedition Rover technology was assessed to understand the requirements for instrumentation in harsh space environments (e.g. temperature). Potential instrumentation and technologies were also considered and documented. The literature survey provided background and potential sources for a proposal to acquire funding for ultrasonic instrumentation on board a future Mars expedition. The laboratory uses a Santec Systems AcousticScope AS200 acoustography system. Labview code was written within the current program in order to improve the current performance of the acoustography system. A sample of Reinforced Carbon/Carbon (RCC) material from the leading edge of the space shuttle underwent various non-destructive tests (guided wave scanning, thermography, computed tomography, real time x-ray, etc.) in order to characterize its structure and examine possible defects. Guided wave scan data of a ceramic matrix composite (CMC) panel was reanalyzed utilizing image correlations and signal processing variables. Additional guided wave scans and thermography were also performed on the CMC panel. These reevaluated data and images will be used in future presentations and publications. An additional axis for the guided wave scanner was designed, constructed, and implemented. This additional axis allowed incremental spacing of the previously fixed transducers for ultrasonic velocity measurements.

Burns, Erin A.

2004-01-01

335

Researchers Complete Extensive Youth Smoking Prevention Study  

Cancer.gov

Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle have found that a curriculum-based approach to prevent youth smoking was ineffective when used alone in a school setting. Questions and Answers

336

Evaluation of the Scientific Outputs of Researchers with Similar H Index: a Critical Approach  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose: h-index has been always reviewed as one of the most useful criteria for evaluating the scientific outputs of researchers by the sciencometric experts. In this study, the h-index of 40 Iranian researchers accompanied with its relationship to assessment criteria of scientific outputs such as the number of articles, scientific age, number of citations and self-citation were reviewed. Materials and Methods: The first part of this study was related to the literature review. But the information of 40 Iranian researchers’ Citation Reports was observational extracted from WOS database and the Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to answer the research hypotheses Results: Citation analysis showed that 40 selected researchers published 877 articles in web of science up to 9 January 2013. These articles have been cited 3858 time. The average of their h-index was estimated 38.5 ±12.12 Correlation coefficient test showed that there was a significant and direct relationship between the h-index and the number of papers, the number of citations and self-citation (Sig>0.05) but there was no significant relationship between scientific age and h-index (Sig> 0.05). Conclusions: Analysis of the data showed that the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the researchers with the same h-index had considerable differences. Therefore, only the h-index should not be a criterion for scientific ranking of the researchers and other complementary indexes such as M parameter and G index along with h-index must be used to be able to more accurately determine the degree of scientific influence of the researchers with the same h. PMID:25395728

Ahangar, Hemmat Gholinia; Siamian, Hasan; Yaminfirooz, Mousa

2014-01-01

337

Research on the Fuzzy Comprehensive Quality Evaluation Method of the Research Oriented Courses of the Higher Vocational Colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper firstly introduces the characteristics of higher vocational research oriented courses, and analyzes the deficiency of the common methods used for evaluating the quality of the courses at present. Based on this, more scientific, comprehensive and objective multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on fuzzy theory is brought forward. At the same time, aiming at the characteristics of higher

Liang Ye; Hai Zeng; Fang Wang; Yan Chen; Ying Sun

2009-01-01

338

The Role of Ethnographic Interviewing in Climate Change Evaluation Research: Investigating Intended and Unintended program effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ethnographic interviewing is an under-utilized tool in climate change evaluation research, even though it has the potential to serve as a powerful method of data collection. The utility of the ethnographic interview lies in its ability to elicit responses from program participants describing what a program is in practice, shedding light on both intended and unintended program impacts. Drawing on evaluation work involving a federally-funded climate change grant at the University of California, Riverside, I will discuss how to design an ethnographic interview protocol in an effort to share "best practices" with other climate change evaluators. Particular attention will be given to applying ethnographic approaches to various program types, even those differing from the one discussed. I will share some of the concrete findings from my work on this grant, to serve as examples of the kinds of data evaluators can collect when employing an ethnographic approach to interviewing. UC Riverside's climate change grant is multi-faceted, however the component studied ethnographically was a science fair mentoring program. About twenty K-12 students from high poverty, ethnically diverse schools who expressed an interest in participating in science fair were paired up with graduate student mentors to simultaneously research climate change and design authentic science fair projects to compete at various levels. Since one of the stated goals of the grant is to "stimulate…students to consider climate science as a career track through experiential education activities" I was particularly interested in how student experiences with the project might differ from school science which has historically "pushed out" ethnically diverse students like those in many of Riverside's schools. (In the program students are able to interact one-on-one with a mentor and in school settings there is typically one teacher for more than thirty students). I also sought to understand student perceptions of the project design and implementation and how these perceptions might influence their thinking about science as a career. Further, I aimed to explore how mentor pedagogical philosophies might impact student experiences with the projects, since the scholarly literature supports the idea that teaching practices are linked to student success and interest in science. The key to ethnographic interviewing, which sets it apart from survey research and other interviewing styles is that the evaluator or researcher designs guided, yet open-ended questions, allowing informants to discuss what is important to them. This type of questioning affords the researcher the opportunity to ascertain whether or not the grant met some of its intended goals and impacts, while simultaneously granting participants the freedom to discuss unintended impacts not anticipated by the principal investigator and evaluator.

Lloro-Bidart, T.

2012-12-01

339

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2011-07-01

340

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2010-07-01

341

Summary of 2008 CUAA Chinese University Evaluation and Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2002, the University Evaluation Task Force of China University Alumni Association Network (CUAA), "University Weekly" and "21st Century Talent Report" have made joint efforts in the evaluation of higher education institutions in China. Compared with the ranking in 2007, China's University Ranking in the 2008 report is different mainly due to…

Deguo, Zhao; Yanhou, Cai; Yongjun, Feng; Lingfeng, Wang

2009-01-01

342

A research on the evaluation of enterprise innovation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise innovation system (EIS) comprises technology innovation, strategy innovation, culture innovation, organization innovation, marketing innovation, management innovation and the others. At present EIS shows the characteristics of openness and multi-agents based on innovation stakeholder. The effective and accurate evaluation of EIS depends on rational selection of the target, the model, index system and the method of the evaluation. This article

Xie Yumin

2011-01-01

343

A framework for evaluating eHealth research  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Health care is in the midst of a consumer-oriented technology explosion. Individuals of all ages and backgrounds have discovered eHealth. But the challenges of implementing and evaluating eHealth are just beginning to surface, and, as technology changes, new challenges emerge. Evaluation is critical...

344

Teacher Performance Evaluation--Practical Application of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this article are the Teacher Performance Evaluation materials and techniques that are part of the School Improvement Model project, which endeavors to improve teacher and administrator performance with the ultimate goal of improved student learning. According to the author, this project utilizes new teacher evaluation technology…

Manatt, Richard P.

345

Research on quantificational performance evaluation of staff members in institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, more and more institutions pay more attention to performance evaluation of staff members. Full-circle appraisal is suitable for performance evaluation of staff members in institutions because of its merits. For the indicators of performance assessment of staff members are mainly qualitative, institutions often fail to assess staff members' performance objectivity and make some staff members feel unfair. Taking

He Xiang; Tang Guo

2010-01-01

346

Research on multiple attribute evaluation method based on cloud model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cloud model-based multiple attribute evaluation method is put forward. The ways of the cloud transformation is used to represent the cloud model of each different attribute. On the base of one-dimension cloud, the multidimensional cloud model of system is confirmed. And then, evaluation value is achieved by calculating the deviation degree of the system cloud gravity center from the

Guo Rong-xiao; Xia Jing-bo; Zhang Li; Qian Yuan

2010-01-01

347

Evaluating Teaching Performance. Educational Research Service Circular Number Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire to gather material on teacher evaluation was sent to all school systems enrolling 16,000 or more pupils. Replies were received from 235, or 73 percent of the 322 systems contacted. The circular is based on the replies of the 213 systems having formal evaluation procedures. Included, system by system, are data on frequency of…

Stemnock, Suzanne K.

348

Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic. PMID:23335488

2013-01-01

349

Evaluation of NIPER thermal EOR research, state-of-the-art and research needs  

SciTech Connect

The Thermal Oil Production Research Group at NIPER has conducted research on behalf of the US Department of Energy on thermal methods of oil production (steam and for 1 year, in situ combustion) since 1983. Research projects performed by this group have attempted to adapt to the needs and direction of the DOE`s oil research program and that of industry. This report summarizes the research that has been conducted, analyses the contributions of the research, describes how the technology was transferred to potential users, analyzes current trends in thermal research and thermal oil production, and makes suggestions for future research where NIPER could contribute to advances in thermal oil production.

Sarathi, P.S.; Olsen, D.K.; Mahmood, S.M.; Ramzel, E.B.

1993-06-01

350

A framework to evaluate research capacity building in health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Building research capacity in health services has been recognised internationally as important in order to produce a sound evidence base for decision-making in policy and practice. Activities to increase research capacity for, within, and by practice include initiatives to support individuals and teams, organisations and networks. Little has been discussed or concluded about how to measure the effectiveness of

Jo Cooke

2005-01-01

351

Evaluating Rigor in Qualitative Methodology and Research Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite previous and successful attempts to outline general criteria for rigor, researchers in special education have debated the application of rigor criteria, the significance or importance of small n research, the purpose of interpretivist approaches, and the generalizability of qualitative empirical results. Adding to these complications, the…

Trainor, Audrey A.; Graue, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

352

Library Research Skills Evaluation. Report of ENG 112.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Fall 1984, the Library User Education (LUE) coordinator of Jerome Library at Bowling Green State University introduced a library research skills component to a writing course required of all undergraduate students. The component consisted of two parts: a self-guided tour with questions, and basic library research skills guides with worksheets…

Gratch, Bonnie; York, Charlene

353

Evaluating the High School Lunar Research Projects Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Center for Lunar Science and Exploration (CLSE), a collaboration between the Lunar and Planetary Institute and NASA s Johnson Space Center, is one of seven member teams of the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI). In addition to research and exploration activities, the CLSE team is deeply invested in education and outreach. In support of NASA s and NLSI s objective to train the next generation of scientists, CLSE s High School Lunar Research Projects program is a conduit through which high school students can actively participate in lunar science and learn about pathways into scientific careers. The objectives of the program are to enhance 1) student views of the nature of science; 2) student attitudes toward science and science careers; and 3) student knowledge of lunar science. In its first three years, approximately 168 students and 28 teachers from across the United States have participated in the program. Before beginning their research, students undertake Moon 101, a guided-inquiry activity designed to familiarize them with lunar science and exploration. Following Moon 101, and guided by a lunar scientist mentor, teams choose a research topic, ask their own research question, and design their own research approach to direct their investigation. At the conclusion of their research, teams present their results to a panel of lunar scientists. This panel selects four posters to be presented at the annual Lunar Science Forum held at NASA Ames. The top scoring team travels to the forum to present their research in person.

Shaner, A. J.; Shupla, C.; Shipp, S.; Allen, J.; Kring, D. A.

2013-01-01

354

What and How Are We Evaluating? Meta-Evaluation Study of the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) Portfolio  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of NASA's Minority University Research and Education Program (MUREP), the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project at Langley Research Center has funded 71 climate education initiatives since 2008. The funded initiatives span across the nation and contribute to the development of a climate-literate public and the preparation of a climate-related STEM workforce through research experiences, professional development opportunities, development of data access and modeling tools, and educational opportunities in both K-12 and higher education. Each of the funded projects proposes and carries out its own evaluation plan, in collaboration with external or internal evaluation experts. Using this portfolio as an exemplar case, NICE has undertaken a systematic meta-evaluation of these plans, focused primarily on evaluation questions, approaches, and methods. This meta-evaluation study seeks to understand the range of evaluations represented in the NICE portfolio, including descriptive information (what evaluations, questions, designs, approaches, and methods are applied?) and questions of value (do these evaluations meet the needs of projects and their staff, and of NASA/NICE?). In the current climate, as federal funders of climate change and STEM education projects seek to better understand and incorporate evaluation into their decisions, evaluators and project leaders are also seeking to build robust understanding of program effectiveness. Meta-evaluations like this provide some baseline understanding of the current status quo and the kinds of evaluations carried out within such funding portfolios. These explorations are needed to understand the common ground between evaluative best practices, limited resources, and agencies' desires, capacity, and requirements. When NASA asks for evaluation of funded projects, what happens? Which questions are asked and answered, using which tools? To what extent do the evaluations meet the needs of projects and program officers? How do they contribute to best practices in climate science education? These questions are important to ask about STEM and climate literacy work more generally; the NICE portfolio provides a broad test case for thinking strategically, critically, and progressively about evaluation in our community. Our findings can inform the STEM education, communication, and public outreach communities, and prompt us to consider a broad range of informative evaluation options. During this presentation, we will consider the breadth, depth and utility of evaluations conducted through a NASA climate education funding opportunity. We will examine the relationship between what we want to know about education programs, what we want to achieve with our interventions, and what we ask in our evaluations.

Martin, A. M.; Barnes, M. H.; Chambers, L. H.; Pippin, M. R.

2013-12-01

355

Beginning Interpretative Inquiry: A Step-by-Step Approach to Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Beginning Interpretive Inquiry" importantly makes the distinction between the use of "inquiry" rather than interpretive research or interpretive evaluation. Richard Morehouse explores how inquiry is a far more inclusive concept that allows for a detailed understanding of both research and evaluation. The author draws on his personal experiences…

Morehouse, Richard

2011-01-01

356

The National Research and Evaluation Strategy for Vocational Education and Training in Australia 1997-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's new national vocational education and training (VET) research and evaluation (R&E) strategy is underpinned by the goal of improving the VET systems and must accommodate the needs of all the different stakeholders in the VET sector. It focuses on research applied in nature, consolidating and advancing knowledge, and on evaluation work…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

357

Evaluation of a Multi-Case Participatory Action Research Project: The Case of SOLINSA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Scholars agree that evaluation of participatory action research is inherently valuable; however there have been few attempts at evaluating across methods and across interventions because the perceived success of a method is affected by context, researcher skills and the aims of the participants. This paper describes the systematic…

Home, Robert; Rump, Niels

2015-01-01

358

Toward a General and Unified View of Educational Research and Educational Evaluation: Bridging Philosophy and Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses an important problem that may really be a pseudoproblem perpetuated by a current artificial or even political need to isolate researchers, evaluators, and theorists and put them in conceptual-methodological boxes. In this paper, we argue that scholars of all kinds should focus on the nouns (i.e., research, evaluation, theory)…

Perla, Rocco J.; Carifio, James

2009-01-01

359

Revision Approach and Status for the Draft Monitoring, Evaluation, Research and Reporting Plan  

E-print Network

and Conservation Council's (Council) draft Monitoring, Evaluation, Research and Reporting (MERR) Plan. The MERR Plan provides a monitoring, research and evaluation framework for the Program that will serve of the word "management" 2) the use of an analysis tool weighing risk and uncertainty to aid in prioritizing

360

A Narrative Review of Greek Myths as Interpretative Metaphors in Educational Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews a series of Greek myths put forward as cultural narratives that could be used as metaphors or interpretative similes for explanatory and evaluative purposes in educational research and evaluation. These myths have been used in educational research literature, and most of them were found by carrying out an exhaustive search of…

Fernandez-Cano, Antonio; Torralbo, Manuel; Vallejo, Monica; Fernandez-Guerrero, Ines M.

2012-01-01

361

Telecommunications Systems and Evaluation Research. Using SocNet and PoliNet as Examples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the role of microcomputers as communication devices in evaluation research. The capabilities of two new international computer networks, SocNet and PoliNet, are described to illustrate how the evaluation research community can begin to adapt to this alternative mode of professional communication. (BS)

Howell, Frank M.; And Others

1986-01-01

362

Assessing Student Perception of Practice Evaluation Knowledge in Introductory Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the use of the Practice Evaluation Knowledge Scale (PEKS) to assess student perception of acquisition and retention of practice evaluation knowledge from an undergraduate research methods class. The authors sampled 2 semesters of undergraduate social work students enrolled in an introductory research methods course.…

Baker, Lisa R.; Pollio, David E.; Hudson, Ashley

2011-01-01

363

Grant for Graduate Research in Women's and Gender Studies  

E-print Network

Grant for Graduate Research in Women's and Gender Studies This grant was established in 1986 by the Sagan family to recognize an outstanding research project in the field of Women's and Gender Studies and to students enrolled in the Women's and Gender Studies graduate program. Research may focus on any topic

Snider, Barry B.

364

Medical research and evaluation facility and studies supporting the Medical Chemical Defense Program. Time and dose response characterization of the prevention of HD-induced NAD+ depletion and HD-induced cytotoxicity by niacinamide and niacin. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Studies were conducted under this task to Assess the time and concentration dependent nature of niacinamide (NM) protection against HD-induced NAD+ depletion and cytotoxicity. The HD concentrations used assess the time dependent nature of cytotoxicity and NAD+ depletion, and the impact of NM and niacin (NI) treatment were 13,62, 101, and 171 mu-M HD. Three concentrations of NM and NI were (0.01,0.1 and 1 mM) selected by USAMRICD for evaluation at 2, 4,8, 12, 16,20,24,48, and 72 hours after exposure to HD. Cytotoxicity and total culture NAD+ content were assessed. NAD+ concentrations following the addition of 1 mM NM frequently were significantly greater than those observed for the HD-exposed controls especially at 171mu-M HD. Multiple addition of NM had little protective effect relative to that by provided by pretreatment alone. At the 171mu-M HD concentration, the single addition of NM provided marginal but statistically significant (p<=0.05) protection. Comparisons of the different NM addition modes yielded mixed results, but usually the number of viable cells was greater with multiple additions of NM. NI did not provide protection against HD-induced NAD+ depletion or cytotoxicity.

Olson, C.T.; Johnson, J.B.; Blank, J.A.; Menton, R.G.; Starner, R.A.

1997-01-01

365

Final Report on Head Start Evaluation and Research: 1967-68 to the Office of Economic Opportunity. Section I: Parts A and B.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is section one of a final report on Head Start Evaluation and Research for 1967-68 by the Child Development Evaluation and Research Center of the University of Texas at Austin. This section is composed of two studies: (A) Middle Class Mother-Teachers in an Experimental Preschool Program for Socially Disadvantaged Children (PS 001…

Pierce-Jones, John; And Others

366

Research Organizations Participating in the HEAL Study  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

367

Data Mining and Medical Research Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care information systems tend to capture data for their research in order to promote the level of people's health status and the satisfaction of individuals in societies. To this aim, many approaches have been taken and examined. Data mining is one of the newest analytical methods that have been used to serve medical science research and has been shown

Marjan Khajehei; Faried Etemady

2010-01-01

368

EVALUATION AND INTERPRETATION OF MATERNAL TOXICITY IN SEGMENT II STUDIES: ISSUES, SOME ANSWERS AND DATA NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Rogers, J.M., and N. Chernoff. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, U.S.A. Evaluation and interpretation of maternal toxicity in Segment II studies: Issues, s...

369

Evaluation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Study Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Evaluation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress: Study Reports" describes the special studies that comprised the design of the evaluation. In the Final Report, the authors presented a practical discussion of the evaluation studies to its primary, intended audience, namely policymakers. On this accompanying CD, readers will find…

Buckendahl, Chad W.; Davis, Susan L.; Plake, Barbara S.; Sireci, Stephen G.; Hambleton, Ronald K.; Zenisky, April L.; Wells, Craig S.

2009-01-01

370

Application of AHP-GCP model in weapon equipment research project evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In view of the disadvantage of the methods on weapon equipment research project between local and abroad, the author constructs a AHP-GCP model by the valid connection of AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) and GCP(Catastrophe Progression Process), and applies it in evaluation model of weapon equipment research project, and the result indicates that this method can evaluate the weapon equipment research project

Kan Li; Yunlai Ma

2011-01-01

371

Intelligent land evaluation research based on Matlab and GIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applying the neural network to the land evaluation, we can break through the limitations that the traditional approaches are impacted by the human factors. Back propagation neural network (BP neural network) was used to evaluate the land suitability of the Changling town of the Guangshui city, Hubei province, China. We first establish evaluation index system, these indexes include the soil contamination degree, the irrigation guaranteed rate, the drainage condition, the pH value, the organic matter content. Then we establish the BP neural network and use MatLab to write the code forming the network. The evaluation criteria were input the network to train it. Then the network performance was test until the network meets the requirements. The evaluation data of the Changling town was input as the vectors to the appropriate network which calculates to get output vectors. And the output vectors were transformed the evaluation levels that can be imported the ArcGIS software to create the land suitability assessment figure. We can draw the conclusion that the suitability for the paddy field of the unused land and the arable land is very high and the ChangLin town is suitable for the development of paddy field agriculture.

Li, Hua; Chen, Youchao; Huang, Haifeng; Wu, Hao

2011-02-01

372

The Evaluation of Large Research Initiatives: A Participatory Integrative Mixed-Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few decades there has been a rise in the number of federally funded large scientific research initiatives, with increased calls to evaluate their processes and outcomes. This article describes efforts to evaluate such initiatives in one agency within the U.S. federal government. The authors introduce the Evaluation of Large…

Trochim, William M.; Marcus, Stephen E.; Masse, Louise C.; Moser, Richard P.; Weld, Patrick C.

2008-01-01

373

The Impact of Research and Teaching Evaluation in Universities: Comparing an Italian and a Dutch Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the impact of research and education evaluation on two universities: Trento State University (Italy) and the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands). The article adopts a system approach to evaluation and proposes a model to describe and analyse evaluation systems. The analysis has been carried out by means of in-depth…

Minelli, Eliana; Rebora, Gianfranco; Turri, Matteo; Huisman, Jeroen

2006-01-01

374

Research and Development of Preceding-Evaluation System of Rural Drinking Water Safety Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The preceding-evaluation plays a crucial role in guiding construction. Preceding-evaluation system of rural drinking water\\u000a safety project includes four main contents: opportunity evaluation, necessity evaluation, feasibility evaluation and decision\\u000a evaluation. Using multi-turns specialist consultation method, the paper mainly studies the decision evaluation. Modular system\\u000a structure is designed according to system function analysis and target analysis. Based on system database as

Lian He; Jilin Cheng

2010-01-01

375

The Role of Evaluation in Research-Practice Integration: Working toward the "Golden Spike"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Program evaluation and planning is at the heart of efforts to integrate the domains of practice and research. Traditionally, research and practice have operated in independent spheres with practitioners focused on the implementation of programs that affect individual behavior and researchers focused on the development and testing of theory.…

Urban, Jennifer Brown; Trochim, William

2009-01-01

376

Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one…

Shannon, Patrick; Kim, Wooksoo; Robinson, Adjoa

2012-01-01

377

Intellectual Growth for Undergraduate Students: Evaluation Results from an Undergraduate Research Conference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the development and evaluation of the university-wide, weeklong undergraduate research conference at the University of New Hampshire. Despite increases nationally in the number of undergraduate research conferences (URC), there has been little research examining the social and educational impact of these events on student presenters.…

Potter, Sharyn J.; Abrams, Eleanor; Townson, Lisa; Wake, Cameron; Williams, Julie E.

2010-01-01

378

Research Area D Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Scorer 5  

E-print Network

. Project Manager, Project Team, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 6 7 7 7 7 6.8 5. Target Research, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 8 7 8 7 9 7.8 5. Target Research Areas ­ Different criteria500-10-503 Research Area D Summary Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Scorer 5

379

Research Area C Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4  

E-print Network

. Project Manager, Project Team, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 8 9 9 8.5 8.625 5. Target Research500-10-503 Research Area C Summary Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Weighted Areas ­ Different criteria will be used for different research areas as shown below: C. Thermal Energy

380

Research Area B Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4  

E-print Network

. Project Manager, Project Team, Match Funding and Market Connectedness 9 9 9 8.5 8.875 5. Target Research500-10-503 Research Area B Summary Evaluation Criteria Scorer 1 Scorer 2 Scorer 3 Scorer 4 Weighted Areas ­ Different criteria will be used for different research areas as shown below: B. Monitoring

381

Delta Pi Epsilon Research-Award Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of student and supervisor ratings of high school business education teachers revealed that both types of evaluation are needed to present a complete analysis of teaching performance. (MF)

Brown, Betty Jean

1973-01-01

382

[Single use insulin injector evaluated by patients (questionnaire study)].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was the analysis of perception of the disposable pen injector HumaJect by diabetic patients. Selected features of the insulin delivery systems were evaluated, and on that basis, the comparison between HumaJect and other insulin injectors was made. Research material was collected in questionnaires filled out by doctors after interviewing patients who were using HumaJect for at least one month. 1802 diabetic individuals aged 9 to 88 participated in the study. HumaJect was ranked "very good" (which is the highest possible rank) by 71% of patients. Among specific features, the highest ranks were assigned to "Ease of dose setting", "Dosing range" and "Disposable form". Most of patients assigned higher ranks to HumaJect than to other insulin delivery systems. 89% of patients indicated desire to continue treatment with this injector. PMID:11081325

Markiewicz, K; Chrzanowski, G; Falkowska-Gilska, B; Janczarska, M; Kurzawa, J; Pyrzyk, B; Szperkowska, B; Toczkowski, M; Wi?niewski, J

2000-08-01

383

Effect of university policies on research productions: a scientometric study  

PubMed Central

Background: This study aimed to assess the effect of new package of interventions on scientific productions rate in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Methods: Through a health system research, we extracted policies from the strategic plan of the university and 10 interventions were developed to increase the scientific productions in terms of quality, quantity and commercialization and to develop infrastructure for research in health service provision and education. For evaluating the effectiveness of interventions, citation and publication indicators for individuals and schools were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test. They were extracted from Scopus and ISI web of knowledge during period of 1/1/2009 to 30/5/2012. Results: There was an increasing trend in scientific productions from 2009 to mid-2012. We found 60 percent of total scientific productions of the university were published during last 3.5 years. During this 3.5 years, 10 more percentile of faculty members involved in research. Schools of pharmacy, Medicine and Health had the highest scientific products. Mean for h-index was 1.5 (SD=2.49) in ISI and 1.9 (SD=2.89) in Scopus database (p<0.001). Conclusion: Effective policies and interventions lead to 46% increase in scientific productions from 2009 to 2010 and 56% increase from 2010 to 2011. PMID:25405128

Sohrabi, Mohammad-Reza; Rahmati-Roodsari, Mohammad; Rahmdar, Saeid-Reza

2014-01-01

384

Evaluating synteny for improved comparative studies  

PubMed Central

Motivation: Comparative genomics aims to understand the structure and function of genomes by translating knowledge gained about some genomes to the object of study. Early approaches used pairwise comparisons, but today researchers are attempting to leverage the larger potential of multi-way comparisons. Comparative genomics relies on the structuring of genomes into syntenic blocks: blocks of sequence that exhibit conserved features across the genomes. Syntenic blocs are required for complex computations to scale to the billions of nucleotides present in many genomes; they enable comparisons across broad ranges of genomes because they filter out much of the individual variability; they highlight candidate regions for in-depth studies; and they facilitate whole-genome comparisons through visualization tools. However, the concept of syntenic block remains loosely defined. Tools for the identification of syntenic blocks yield quite different results, thereby preventing a systematic assessment of the next steps in an analysis. Current tools do not include measurable quality objectives and thus cannot be benchmarked against themselves. Comparisons among tools have also been neglected—what few results are given use superficial measures unrelated to quality or consistency. Results: We present a theoretical model as well as an experimental basis for comparing syntenic blocks and thus also for improving or designing tools for the identification of syntenic blocks. We illustrate the application of the model and the measures by applying them to syntenic blocks produced by three different contemporary tools (DRIMM-Synteny, i-ADHoRe and Cyntenator) on a dataset of eight yeast genomes. Our findings highlight the need for a well founded, systematic approach to the decomposition of genomes into syntenic blocks. Our experiments demonstrate widely divergent results among these tools, throwing into question the robustness of the basic approach in comparative genomics. We have taken the first step towards a formal approach to the construction of syntenic blocks by developing a simple quality criterion based on sound evolutionary principles. Contact: cristinagabriela.ghiurcuta@epfl.ch PMID:24932010

Ghiurcuta, Cristina G.; Moret, Bernard M. E.

2014-01-01

385

Development of a New Multiplying Assembly for Research, Validation, Evaluation, and Learning  

SciTech Connect

A new multiplying test assembly is under development at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to support research, validation, evaluation, and learning. The item is comprised of two stacked highly-enriched uranium (HEU) cylinders each 11.4 cm in diameter and having a combined height of 8.4 cm. The combined mass is 14.4 kg of HEU. Calculations for the bare configuration of the assembly indicate a multiplication level of >2.5 (keff = 0.62). Reflected configurations of the assembly, using either polyethylene or tungsten, are possible and have the capability of raising its multiplication level to approximately 8. This paper will describe the MCNP calculations performed to assess the assembly's multiplication level under different conditions and describe the resource available at INL to support visiting researchers in their use of the material. We will also describe some preliminary calculations and test activities using the assembly to study neutron multiplicity.

David L. Chichester

2012-10-01

386

Research Priorities in Mobile Learning: An International Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with advancing mobile technologies and proliferating mobile devices and applications, mobile learning research has gained great momentum in recent years. While there have been review articles summarizing past research, studies identifying mobile learning research priorities based on experts' latest insights have been lacking. This study

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui; Snelson, Chareen

2014-01-01

387

The Administrator-Researcher Interaction: The Conduct of Cooperative Research. Research, Evaluation, Development Paper Series. No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The thesis of this paper is that by recognizing the separate abilities and insights of educational administrators and researchers, cooperative research can be conducted that benefits both parties, yet requires neither a new research methodology nor increased research sophistication of administrators. The authors address this thesis from the…

Murray, Stephen L.; Smith, Nick L.

388

Research-Practice Collaboration in NYC: Evaluating the Implementation and Impact of the Expanded Success Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Alliance for New York City Schools is committed to conducting rigorous, non-partisan research studies on topics that matter to the city's public schools. One of the core functions of the Research Alliance is to conduct research in collaboration with other researchers at NYU, at other universities, and at other organizations across the…

Kemple, James; Nathanson, Lori; Villavicencio, Adriana; Duval, John

2012-01-01

389

Evaluating the undergraduate research experience in computer science: developing a framework for gathering information about effectiveness and impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

As undergraduate research experience programs proliferate to include all students, the need to evaluate and assess these types of programs also grows. This paper presents an overview of the evaluation\\/assessment process and a framework for developing an evaluation plan to assess the effectiveness and impact of the undergraduate research experience. Drawing on the ongoing evaluation of the Affinity Research Group

C. K. Della-Piana; A. Bernat

1999-01-01

390

International Evaluation Studies of Second Step, a Primary Prevention Programme: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Second Step is a social-emotional, skill-based, violence-prevention programme, which has been adapted for several European countries. The various versions of the programme (for kindergarten/preschool, elementary school, middle school) have been evaluated in a series of research studies. The outcomes and study designs of these studies are reported…

Schick, Andreas; Cierpka, Manfred

2013-01-01

391

Investigating Religion and Computing: A Case for Using Standpoint Theory in Technology Evaluation Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research focuses on the development and study of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) that support religious practices and the use of standpoint theory in ICT evaluation studies. Three phases makeup this work: formative studies to understand how megachurches, their members and leaders use ICT in ways tied to their Protestant…

Wyche, Susan Porter

2010-01-01

392

A systematic review of the literature on the evaluation of handoff tools: implications for research and practice  

PubMed Central

Objective Given the complexities of the healthcare environment, efforts to develop standardized handoff practices have led to widely varying manifestations of handoff tools. A systematic review of the literature on handoff evaluation studies was performed to investigate the nature, methodological, and theoretical foundations underlying the evaluation of handoff tools and their adequacy and appropriateness in achieving standardization goals. Method We searched multiple databases for articles evaluating handoff tools published between 1 February 1983 and 15 June 2012. The selected articles were categorized along the following dimensions: handoff tool characteristics, standardization initiatives, methodological framework, and theoretical perspectives underlying the evaluation. Results Thirty-six articles met our inclusion criteria. Handoff evaluations were conducted primarily on electronic tools (64%), with a more recent focus on electronic medical record-integrated tools (36% since 2008). Most evaluations centered on intra-departmental tools (95%). Evaluation studies were quasi-experimental (42%) or observational (50%), with a major focus on handoff-related outcome measures (94%) using predominantly survey-based tools (70%) with user satisfaction metrics (53%). Most of the studies (81%) based their evaluation on aspects of standardization that included continuity of care and patient safety. Conclusions The nature, methodological, and theoretical foundations of handoff tool evaluations varied significantly in terms of their quality and rigor, thereby limiting their ability to inform strategic standardization initiatives. Future research should utilize rigorous, multi-method qualitative and quantitative approaches that capture the contextual nuances of handoffs, and evaluate their effect on patient-related outcomes. PMID:23703824

Abraham, Joanna; Kannampallil, Thomas; Patel, Vimla L

2014-01-01

393

Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Systematic Evaluation of Research Capacity in Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background Nigeria carries the highest burden and diversity of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in sub-Saharan Africa and is preparing to scale up its efforts to control/eliminate these diseases. To achieve this it will require a range of internal technical support and expertise for mapping, monitoring and evaluating, operational research and documenting its success. In order to begin to evaluate this potential in Nigeria, this study collated and analysed information for lymphatic filariasis (LF), onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths (STH), which are currently being targeted with preventive chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA). Methodology/Principal Findings Information from 299 scientific articles published on the selected NTDs in 179 journals between January 2008 and September 2013 was extracted and systematically compiled into a geo-referenced database for analysis and mapping. The highest number of articles was from the southern geo-political zones of the country. The majority of articles focused on one specific disease, and schistosomiasis and STH were found to have the highest and most wide ranging research output. The main type of study was parasitological, and the least was biotechnological. Nigerian authors were mostly affiliated with universities, and there was a wide range of international co-authors from Africa and other regions, especially the USA and UK. The majority of articles were published in journals with no known impact factor. Conclusions/Significance The extensive database and series of maps on the research capacity within Nigeria produced in this study highlights the current potential that exists, and needs to be fully maximized for the control/elimination of NTDs in the country. This study provides an important model approach that can be applied to other low and middle income countries where NTDs are endemic, and NTD programmes require support from the expertise within their own country, as well as internationally, to help raise their profile and importance. PMID:25121582

Okorie, Patricia N.; Bockarie, Moses J.; Molyneux, David H.; Kelly-Hope, Louise A.

2014-01-01

394

An exploratory study of the innovation evaluation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

In their search for the keys to successful product innovation, product managers and researchers typically focus on trying to identify the most effective organizational processes, strategies, and structures. Surprisingly, little or no effort is directed toward understanding the process that consumers use for evaluating an innovation. By gaining insight into this evaluation process, a firm can present an innovative product

Richard W. Olshavsky; Richard A. Spreng

1996-01-01

395

Using Microanalytical Simulation Methods in Educational Evaluation: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientifically based research used to inform evidence based school reform efforts has been required by the federal government in order to receive grant funding since the reenactment of No Child Left Behind (2002). Educational evaluators are thus faced with the challenge to use rigorous research designs to establish causal relationships. However,…

Sondergeld, Toni A.; Beltyukova, Svetlana A.; Fox, Christine M.; Stone, Gregory E.

2012-01-01

396

Teachers as Researchers: Implementation and Evaluation of an Action Research Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The model presented in this document focuses on an action research project known as the Academic Challenge Program (ACP). The program is designed to facilitate the collaborative, systematic development of research-based, innovative educational practice and to bridge the gap between educational theory, research, and classroom practice. General…

Berlin, Donna F.; White, Arthur L.

1993-01-01

397

Evaluating Research in Career and Technical Education Using Scientifically-Based Research Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent emphasis on scientifically-based research (SBR) as the government's favored research paradigm has direct implications for career and technical education (CTE). From a practical standpoint, federal funds will now be appropriated exclusively on scholars' readiness and ability to engage the "right" research questions. While the government…

Gemici, Sinan; Rojewski, Jay W.

2007-01-01

398

Data collection and evaluation for experimental computer science research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a significant need to collect reliable data on software development projects in order to provide an empirical basis for making conclusions about software development meth- odologies, models and tools. However, such data is usually hard to collect and even harder to evaluate. Software is a multibillion dollar industry where 100% cost overruns are common, and maintenance activities can

Marvin V. Zelkowitz

1984-01-01

399

Comment on Halo Effects in Rating and Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the existence of halo effects in individuals' evaluations of target communicators across different dimensions. Notes that halo effects result from raters' inability to discriminate among conceptually distinct and theoretically independent aspects of a target's behavior. Discusses current conceptions of halo error and suggests several…

Feeley, Thomas Hugh

2002-01-01

400

Terminology and Evaluation: Two Challenges for Awareness Systems Research  

E-print Network

@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Technology offers many ways to help us stay aware of a wide variety of things we are interested in of awareness systems? One thing is clear; there is interest in providing awareness about a range of things from motivated my interest in addressing the challenges of terminology and evaluation. I then describe

Hunt, Galen

401

Automated writing evaluation: defining the classroom research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of English as a global language, the ability to write well in English across diverse settings and for different audiences has become an imperative in second language education programmes throughout the world. Yet the teaching of second language writing is often hindered by the great amount of time and skill needed to evaluate repeated drafts of student

Mark Warschauer; Paige Ware

2006-01-01

402

Research Approach for Aging and Evaluating Diesel Exhaust catalysts  

SciTech Connect

To determine the impact of diesel fuel sulfur levels on emissions control devices that could lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and particulate matter (PM) from on-highway trucks and buses in the 2002-2004 model years. West Virginia University is evaluating: - Diesel Oxidation Catalysts - Lean NOX Catalysts

Wayne, Scott

2000-08-20

403

Research on fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of enterprise websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of enterprise website to promote enterprise development is becoming more and more attention by the small and medium-sized enterprises. This paper establishes an evaluation index system of food enterprise websites from the perspective of user's experience based on the website localization and the current literature, and uses analytic hierarchy process to determine the weight of each level index,

Xiaohong Wang; Liwei Li; Ling Tian

2010-01-01

404

Diagnosing autism in neurobiological research studies  

PubMed Central

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is by definition a complex and heterogeneous disorder. Variation in factors such as developmental level, language ability and IQ further complicate the presentation of symptoms. Clinical research and basic science must continue to inform each other’s questions to help address the heterogeneity inherent to the disorder. This review uses a clinical perspective to outline the common tools and best practices for diagnosing and characterizing ASD in a research setting. We discuss considerations for classifying research populations, including language ability and IQ and examine the advantages and disadvantages of different psychometric measurements. Ultimately, the contribution of multiple sources of data representing different perspectives is crucial for interpreting and understanding the ASD phenotype. PMID:23153932

Jones, Rebecca M.; Lord, Catherine

2012-01-01

405

Research Article Toxicity Evaluation following Intratracheal Instillation of  

E-print Network

tracking [7, 14], or as heat mediators in hyperthermia treatments [15]. In order to be used for these types to the biocompatible properties, silica is less likely to degrade in a biological environment [16, 17]. Cancer- ing to the American Cancer Society [18]. In this context, research

406

1981 and 1982 Faculty and Student Research Participation Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication was developed as a basic tool to measure success of Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) University Programs Division in achieving goals of the Faculty and Student Research Participation Programs operated for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Three questionnaires were created to directly address the goals and objectives of…

Howard, Lee

407

An evaluation of human factors research for ultrasonic inservice inspection  

SciTech Connect

This work was undertaken to determine if human factors research has yielded information applicable to upgrading requirements in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, improving methods and techniques in Section V, and/or suggesting relevant research. A preference was established for information and recommendations which have become accepted and standard practice. Manual Ultrasonic Testing/Inservice Inspection (UT/ISI) is a complex task subject to influence by dozens of variables. This review frequently revealed equivocal findings regarding effects of environmental variables as well as repeated indications that inspection performance may be more, and more reliably, influenced by the workers` social environment, including managerial practices, than by other situational variables. Also of significance are each inspector`s relevant knowledge, skills, and abilities, and determination of these is seen as a necessary first step in upgrading requirements, methods, and techniques as well as in focusing research in support of such programs, While understanding the effects and mediating mechanisms of the variables impacting inspection performance is a worthwhile pursuit for researchers, initial improvements in industrial UTASI performance may be achieved by implementing practices already known to mitigate the effects of potentially adverse conditions. 52 refs., 2 tabs.

Pond, D.J.; Donohoo, D.T.; Harris, R.V. Jr.

1998-03-01

408

Using Social Network Analysis to Evaluate Research Productivity and Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research productivity and collaborations are essential aspects of advancing academia. Publishing is a critical mechanism in higher education to allow faculty members to share new information in all disciplinary fields. Due to its importance, scholarly work is often heavily considered for promotion, tenure, compensation, and other merit decisions.…

Royal, Kenneth D.; Akers, Kathryn S.; Lybarger, Melanie A.; Zakrajsek, Todd D.

2014-01-01

409

PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON DEATH ATTITUDES: AN OVERVIEW AND EVALUATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and the relationship of death concern to

ROBERT A. NEIMEYER; JOACHIM WITTKOWSKI; RICHARD P. MOSER

2004-01-01

410

Psychological Research on Death Attitudes: An Overview and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and…

Neimeyer, Robert A.; Wittkowski, Joachim; Moser, Richard P.

2004-01-01

411

Evaluating Multidisciplinary Child Abuse and Neglect Teams: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of child welfare research literature reveals that although multidisciplinary teams are increasingly used to investigate and intervene in child abuse and neglect cases, the field does not know enough about their structural variations, implementation processes, or effectiveness. Moreover, although articles advocating multidisciplinary teams…

Lalayants, Marina; Epstein, Irwin

2005-01-01

412

Evaluating Children's Use of Symbol in Some Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a number of examples of what appeared to be recurring symbolic expressions of spirituality found in my recent research into the spiritual experiences of children in Victorian State primary schools. These expressions appeared in drawings and in conversation. In this paper I use hermeneutic phenomenology and a multidisciplinary…

Moriarty, M. Wyn

2009-01-01

413

Performance of research ethics committees in Spain. A prospective study of 100 applications for clinical trial protocols on medicines  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To review the characteristics and performance of research ethics committees in Spain in the evaluation of multicentre clinical trial drug protocols. DESIGN: A prospective study of 100 applications. SETTING: Forty-one committees reviewing clinical trial protocols, involving 50 hospitals in 25 cities. MAIN MEASURES: Protocol-related features, characteristics of research ethics committees and evaluation dynamics. RESULTS: The 100 applications involved 15

R Dal-Ré; J Espada; R Ortega

1999-01-01

414

Research: Annotated Bibliography of New Canadian Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of twenty-one research reports that provide knowledge about various cultures and educational experiences of the major ethnic groups in the Toronto schools is designed to present information for not only special English teachers, but other school personnel as well. The bibliography consists of reports that aim to: 1)…

Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.

415

Why Join an Autism Research Study?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author's daughter has an autism spectrum disorder, as well as numerous other medical conditions. Like all parents of kids with special needs, she has spent enormous amounts of time and energy on hospital stays, therapies, and advocacy. She has also taken some time to participate in research. First and foremost, she wants to be aware of the…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2011-01-01

416

Program for transfer research and impact studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The progress made in achieving TRIS research objectives during the first six months of 1972 is reviewed. The Tech Brief-Technical Support Package Program and technology transfer profiles are presented along with summaries of technology transfer in nondestructive testing, and visual display systems.

Kottenstette, J. P.; Rusnak, J. J.; Staskin, E. R.

1972-01-01

417

Evaluating the UK Breast Screening Programme: Study design and practicalities  

Cancer.gov

Evaluating the UK Breast Screening Programme Study design and practicalities Louise Johns, Sue Moss, Tony Swerdlow Department of Health Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit Section of Epidemiology Background • UK breast screening programme started in 1987

418

Studying the effects of virtual biodiversity research infrastructures  

PubMed Central

Abstract The research environment of scholars is increasingly web-based. This makes it urgent to study the effects of moving to the Web on research practices, scholarly output and innovation. We propose a theoretical framework and a methodology to study these effects. In a pilot study, we apply theory and method on an online community in biodiversity research, to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach. We also indicate the practical relevance of this kind of analysis for improving the quality of virtual research environments. In the last section, directions for further research are suggested. PMID:22207814

Duin, Daphne; van Besselaar, Peter

2011-01-01

419

LOC Federal Research Division: Country Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Research Division (FRD) provides customized research and analytical services on foreign and domestic topics to United States Government and District of Columbia agencies. This Web site "presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world and examines the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors." The online books can be searched or browsed by particular country and include everything from a country profile, history, and physical environment description to economy, government, and national security information. Perhaps the most unique part of the site is an attempt to include only lesser known areas, making the conglomeration a good source of uncommon knowledge.

420

Carcinogenicity evaluations and ongoing studies: the IARC databases.  

PubMed Central

Many thousands of chemicals are produced industrially and many more occur naturally. Information on the toxicology of these chemicals is often minimal or absent. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has published evaluations of the carcinogenic risk to humans of over 700 chemicals, groups of chemicals, and complex mixtures as a regular series of monographs. A database has been created containing summaries of all the relevant epidemiological, animal carcinogenicity, and other relevant biological data for each chemical or mixture evaluated. Additional databases have been created for ongoing epidemiological studies of cancer in humans and for long-term carcinogenicity studies in rodents, as well as a database containing information on genotoxic and related effects of chemicals. Some of these databases have been published in print form. IARC now plans to publish them electronically, together with other databases, in the form of a CDROM (compact disk, read-only memory). The objective will be to make the entire IARC database of cancer information as widely available as possible in an integrated format conducive to efficient and combined exploitation of all the component databases. PMID:1820277

Vainio, H; Coleman, M; Wilbourn, J

1991-01-01

421

Leadership development through action learning sets: an evaluation study.  

PubMed

This article examines the use of action learning sets in a leadership module delivered by a university in south east England. An evaluation research study was undertaking using survey method to evaluate student engagement with action learning sets, and their value, impact and sustainability. Data were collected through a questionnaire with a mix of Likert-style and open-ended questions and qualitative and quantitative data analysis was undertaken. Findings show that engagement in the action learning sets was very high. Action learning sets also had a positive impact on the development of leadership knowledge and skills and are highly valued by participants. It is likely that they would be sustainable as the majority would recommend action learning to colleagues and would consider taking another module that used action learning sets. When compared to existing literature on action learning, this study offers new insights as there is little empirical literature on student engagement with action learning sets and even less on value and sustainability. PMID:25164108

Walia, Surinder; Marks-Maran, Di

2014-11-01

422

Ethical challenges of researchers in qualitative studies: the necessity to develop a specific guideline  

PubMed Central

Considering the nature of qualitative studies, the interaction between researchers and participants can be ethically challenging for the former, as they are personally involved in different stages of the study. Therefore, formulation of specific ethical guidelines in this respect seems to be essential. The present paper aimed to discuss the necessity to develop explicit guidelines for conducting qualitative studies with regard to the researchers’ role. For this purpose, a literature review was carried out in domestic and international databases by related keywords. Health care providers who carry out qualitative research have an immense responsibility. As there is no statistical analysis in qualitative studies, the researcher has to both evaluate what he or she observes and to interpret it. Providing researchers with the necessary skills and applying stringent supervision can lead to better extraction of reliable information from qualitative studies. This article presents a debate in order to illustrate how researchers could cover the ethical challenges of qualitative studies and provide applicable and trustworthy outcomes. Researchers face ethical challenges in all stages of the study, from designing to reporting. These include anonymity, confidentiality, informed consent, researchers’ potential impact on the participants and vice versa. It seems of paramount importance that health care providers, educators and clinicians be well informed of all the different aspects of their roles when acting as qualitative researchers. Hence, these adroit roles need to be well defined, and the use of practical guidelines and protocols in all stages of qualitative studies should be encouraged. PMID:25512833

Sanjari, Mahnaz; Bahramnezhad, Fatemeh; Fomani, Fatemeh Khoshnava; Shoghi, Mahnaz; Cheraghi, Mohammad Ali

2014-01-01

423

Research Paper 757 Optically controlled collisions of biological objects to evaluate  

E-print Network

Research Paper 757 Optically controlled collisions of biological objects to evaluate potent determinants of adhesion between two biological objects following a collision are complex, and may vary from enables precise examination of the probability of adhesion under biologically relevant conditions

Prentiss, Mara

424

Biochemistry Research in Thailand: Present Status and Foresight Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here, we present the status of biochemistry in Thai universities in many aspects such as departmental infrastructures, academic staffs, budgets for academic and research affairs, research activities including publications, mapping and directions, and finally foresight and policy prospects. This study provides a linkage of personnel and research activities, and lends further insights into the capability of Thai biochemists in terms

Jerapan Krungkrai; Aran Incharoensakdi; Sumalee Tungpradabkul

2008-01-01

425

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDIES PERCENT STUDENTS 1,643 4.4% #12;CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL.0% INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 82 1.7% #12;CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL

de Lijser, Peter

426

Reshaping the Future of Social Studies: Literature/Research Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature/research review was conducted to provide information to guide future work on the Western Canadian Protocol Social Studies K-12 Project and reflects the researchers' perspectives on topics and subjects reviewed. The review represents a broad synthesis of relevant research and literature in the key areas identified, not an exhaustive…

McKay, Roberta; Gibson, Susan

427

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

428

Uses of Published Research: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic publications are too often ignored by other researchers. There are various reasons: Researchers know that conclusions may eventually be proved wrong; publications are sometimes retracted; effects may decline when studied later; researchers occasionally don't seem to know about papers they have allegedly authored; there are even…

Fahy, Patrick J.

2013-01-01

429

Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Guide to Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering University the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UH) an ideal place for education and research in ocean and resources, the department changed its name to Ocean and Resources Engineering (ORE) to better reflect the research thrust

Frandsen, Jannette B.

430

Research Brief Published by the Office of Research & External Affairs in collaboration with the Education Policy & Evaluation Center  

E-print Network

with the Education Policy & Evaluation Center Occasional Cigarette Smoking Chronically Affects Arterial Function leads to the question of whether even occasional cigarette smoking can impair the functioning of your of arterial damage that often foreshadows cardiovascular disease. The researchers recruited 18 college

Scott, Robert A.

431

REQUESTS FOR RESEARCH INDEPENDENT STUDY Dept. of Psychology & Neuroscience  

E-print Network

REQUESTS FOR RESEARCH INDEPENDENT STUDY Dept. of Psychology & Neuroscience Duke University Courses, a faculty member person who holds an appointment outside the sponsoring department or program may mentor

Zhou, Pei

432

AN EVALUATION STUDY OF EPA METHOD 8  

EPA Science Inventory

Techniques used in EPA Method 8, the source test method for acid mist and sulfur dioxide emissions from sulfuric acid plants, have been evaluated. Evidence is shown that trace amounts of peroxides in isopropyl alcohol result in the conversion of sulfur dioxide to sulfate and caus...

433

Case Study No. 7: Evaluating the Principal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following principles apply to evaluation of principals: helping the principal gain deeper satisfaction from his contribution to learning; and the assessment of student progress provides the information which will help him realize the significance of his contribution. (Author/CB)

Beall, Lewis L.

1972-01-01

434

17 CFR 200.13b - Director of the Office of Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization...Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research. The...Public Affairs, Policy Evaluation, and Research is the chief public information officer for the...

2010-04-01

435

The Standards for Program Evaluation and the Large For-Profit Social Science Research and Evaluation Companies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ERS Standards could affect the government contract work of large research and evaluation organizations by requiring (in the request for proposals) that work be done in accordance with the standards, incorporating the standards into the proposal, or including the standards in the contract boiler plate. (Author/LC)

Carter, Launor F.

1982-01-01

436

Evaluation of differentiated human bronchial epithelial cell culture systems for asthma research.  

PubMed

The aim of the current study was to evaluate primary (human bronchial epithelial cells, HBEC) and non-primary (Calu-3, BEAS-2B, BEAS-2B R1) bronchial epithelial cell culture systems as air-liquid interface- (ALI-) differentiated models for asthma research. Ability to differentiate into goblet (MUC5AC+) and ciliated (?-Tubulin IV+) cells was evaluated by confocal imaging and qPCR. Expression of tight junction/adhesion proteins (ZO-1, E-Cadherin) and development of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) were assessed. Primary cells showed localised MUC5AC, ?-Tubulin IV, ZO-1, and E-Cadherin and developed TEER with, however, a large degree of inter- and intradonor variation. Calu-3 cells developed a more reproducible TEER and a phenotype similar to primary cells although with diffuse ?-Tubulin IV staining. BEAS-2B cells did not differentiate or develop tight junctions. These data highlight the challenges in working with primary cell models and the need for careful characterisation and selection of systems to answer specific research questions. PMID:22287976

Stewart, Ceri E; Torr, Elizabeth E; Mohd Jamili, Nur H; Bosquillon, Cynthia; Sayers, Ian

2012-01-01

437

Research and Graduate Studies at KU Newsletter, November 2012  

E-print Network

, is designed to help researchers understand the NSF grant award system, including the application and review process, NSF’s review criteria, the elements of an NSF grant proposal, documenting resources available and the significance of the research topic... Index 1 page 1 Research & Graduate Studies @ KU News of Interest to the University Community Past Issues Subscribe November 2012 Four Cited at Higuchi-KU Endowment Research Achievement Awards Ceremony November 2 More than...

2012-11-01

438

A Second Year Evaluation Study of Promethean ActivClassroom. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 2009-2010 school year, Marzano Research Laboratory (MRL) was commissioned by Promethean Ltd. to conduct a second year evaluation study of the effects of Promethean ActivClassroom on student academic achievement. This report describes the findings from the second year study along with aggregate findings from the first and second year…

Marzano, Robert J.; Haystead, Mark W.

2010-01-01

439

An Evaluation of Selected NASA Scientific and Technical Information Products: Results of a Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study was conducted to evaluate selected NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) scientific and technical information (STI) products. The study, which utilized survey research in the form of a self-administered mail questionnaire, had a two-fold purpose--to gather baseline data on the use and perceived usefulness of selected…

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Glassman, Myron

440

An Empirical Study to Evaluate the Location of Advertisement Panels by Using a Mobile Marketing Tool  

E-print Network

intelligence systems. In section 3 we define terms relevant to mobile marketing and we provide a studyAn Empirical Study to Evaluate the Location of Advertisement Panels by Using a Mobile Marketing Tool Markus Maron, Sebastian Magnus, and Kevin Read Artificial Intelligence Research Group University

Maron, Markus

441

A Self-Evaluation of the Developmental Studies Programs: Report on Phase One of the Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the prevailing atmosphere of concern for basic skills development, Houston Community College System (HCCS) faculty and administration perceived the need for a self-evaluation of HCCS's developmental studies programs. The purposes of the resulting study are: (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of the institution's developmental studies programs by…

Houston Community Coll. System, TX.

442

Evaluation Authority and Financial Control: A Study of State Mandates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the significance of viewing the authority to evaluate as an indicator of the exercise of financial control. Financial control in this investigation focuses exclusively on state financial legislation. Evaluation authority in this investigation focuses exclusively on evaluation components of such legislation. (BW)

Johnson, Gary R.; Glasman, Naftaly S.

1983-01-01

443

The study on performance evaluation based on AHP-fuzzy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to effectively overcome some uncertainty problems in current performance evaluation and improve the accuracy and effectiveness of performance evaluation, this paper made an effective combination with fuzzy mathematics and analytic hierarchy process and studied the construction of the model of multiple synthetic evaluation based on fuzzy mathematics in detail. At the same time, the paper discussed the authentication

Na Han; Xiang-Jun Ji

2009-01-01

444

Study on enterprise safety performance evaluating index system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise safety performance evaluating index system study is a new project. By deeply analyzing to the situation of enterprise safety and safety performance evaluation domestic and overseas, this paper creatively used the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach for enterprises to establish safety performance evaluating index system. By this way, we set the dimensions and determine the weight up with a result,

LiuQun Tao; Qiang Chen

2011-01-01

445

Principals' Experiences of Being Evaluated: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study sought to understand principals' lived experiences of being evaluated with reliance on the principles of developmental supervision and adult learning theory. Analysis of interview data from 16 principals revealed 3 major constructs in principal evaluation: evaluation is a complex, constantly changing system; principal…

Parylo, Oksana; Zepeda, Sally J.; Bengtson, Ed

2012-01-01

446

Case study of nonlinear inverse problems: mammography and nondestructive evaluation  

E-print Network

Case study of non­linear inverse problems: mammography and non­destructive evaluation O. Kosheleva such as faults in non­destructive evaluation or bumps in mammography. Non­linear terms (quadratic or cubic) give. Keywords: Non­linear inverse problem, non­linear data compression, non­destructive evaluation, mammography

Kreinovich, Vladik

447

Notebook low Halogen product evaluation study approach to Halogen Free PCB\\/PCBA design & evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

PC industry has been working for evaluating Halogen Free product to achieve industry level Halogen Free transition target in 2011 though it highly depends on economy situation and commodity level readiness especially key electrical components such as PCB (Print Circuit Board) and connectors. We introduce our motherboard evaluation study for Notebook products with adequate product quality and reliability performance evaluation

T. Kosuga

2009-01-01

448

Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of both formative and summative evaluation of instructional design technology in educational and business settings. Topics discussed include interactive video, computer assisted instruction, courseware, industrial training methods, cost effectiveness, learner performance data, current research, computer simulation, and…

Emerson, Lawrence

1987-01-01

449

A systematic review of studies evaluating diffusion and dissemination of selected cancer control interventions.  

PubMed

With this review, the authors sought to determine what strategies have been evaluated (including the outcomes assessed) to disseminate cancer control interventions that promote the uptake of behavior change. Five topic areas along the cancer care continuum (smoking cessation, healthy diet, mammography, cervical cancer screening, and control of cancer pain) were selected to be representative. A systematic review was conducted of primary studies evaluating dissemination of a cancer control intervention. Thirty-one studies were identified that evaluated dissemination strategies in the 5 topic areas. No strong evidence currently exists to recommend any one dissemination strategy as effective in promoting the uptake of cancer control interventions. The authors conclude that there is a strong need for more research into dissemination of cancer control interventions. Future research should consider methodological issues such as the most appropriate study design and outcomes to be evaluated. PMID:16162043

Ellis, Peter; Robinson, Paula; Ciliska, Donna; Armour, Tanya; Brouwers, Melissa; O'Brien, Mary Ann; Sussman, Jonathan; Raina, Parminder

2005-09-01

450

Producer-Researcher Interactions in On-Farm Research: A Case Study on Developing a Certified Organic Research Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing consumer demand for organic products has created a need for certified organic research sites. Our objective is to discuss the lessons learned from evaluating alternate cropping systems to estab- lish a certified site in western Iowa. Oat (Avena sativa L.), 'Kelson' snail medic (Medicago scutelata (L.) Mill.) or 'Polygraze' burr medic (Medicago polymorpha L.), triticale (3Triticosecale spp.), sweet corn

Douglas L. Karlen; Cynthia A. Cambardella; Carolee T. Bull; Craig A. Chase; Lance R. Gibson; Kathleen Delate

451

Is Evaluative Research on Youth Suicide Programs Theory-Driven? The Canadian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review found that only 15 Canadian youth suicide programs were evaluated over the last decade. Descriptions of the programs were incomplete and theoretical bases for programs were not presented. Only two programs led to a reduction in suicidal behavior. Suggests that future evaluative research needs to place greater emphasis on content and…

Breton, Jean-Jacques; Boyer, Richard; Bilodeau, Henriette; Raymond, Sylvaine; Joubert, Natacha; Nantel, Marie-Andree

2002-01-01

452

Indigenizing Evaluation Research. How Lakota Methodologies Are Helping "Raise the Tipi" in the Oglala Sioux Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents a currently unfolding example of that reclamation, which originated from the desire of evaluators of the "Comprehensive Indian Resources for Community and Law Enforcement" (CIRCLE) Project to make the federally mandated evaluation as useful to the Oglala people as possible. Using the models of participatory action research

Robertson, Paul; Jorgensen, Miriam

2004-01-01

453

The Application Research of Gray Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation in the University Educational Infomationization  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of the information society, the university educational informatization shouldered the important mission of to cultivate the innovation spirit and the innovative talents. This paper made the level of university educational informatization system the research object, using gray fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, combining with the features of the university educational informatization system, and built a reasonable evaluation system

Aijuan Chen; Yunhui Shao; Xiaoyan Ren

2009-01-01

454

Annual Report, 1983-84. Office of Educational Research and Evaluation NCATE Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report for the 1982-83 academic year at Eastern Kentucky University was organized to serve both as the annual report from the Office of Educational Research and Evaluation and as a resource document for the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education visitation team. Descriptions are given of the evaluation methods used and of the…

Byrne, Robert L.; And Others

455

LARGE-SCALE VIDEO COMPRESSION RESEARCH WORK ON QUALITY OF EXPERIENCE (QOE) EVALUATION  

E-print Network

LARGE-SCALE VIDEO COMPRESSION RESEARCH WORK ON QUALITY OF EXPERIENCE (QOE) EVALUATION M. Leszczuk describes a comprehensive evaluation experiment on perceived video quality. Consequently, in summary, 19 acquisition, 2) Encoder and streaming server, 3) Network, 4) User equipment. In terms of mechanisms delivering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

456

Team Approach in the First Research Experience for Undergraduates in Botany/Zoology 152: Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the findings of the Learning through Evaluation, Adaptation and Dissemination (LEAD) Center's report on the team approach to the first research experience for undergraduates in botany and zoology. Students (N=25) and faculty (N=12) were interviewed and a comparison was made between students who performed the research in…

Wisconsin Univ., Madison. LEAD Center.

457

Evaluation of the need for a large primate research facility in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the summer of 1983, an advisory committee was organized that would be able to evaluate NASA's current and future capabilities for nonhuman primate research in space. Individuals were chosen who had experience in four key research areas: cardiovascular physiology, vestibular neurophysiology, musculo-skeletal physiology, and fluid and electrolyte balance. Recommendations of the committee to NASA are discussed.

Sulzman, F. M.

1986-01-01

458

Development and Evaluation of a Pre-School Study Manual for Drill Sergeant Candidates. Professional Paper No. 5-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted to develop and evaluate study materials that would help prospective drill sergeant candidates prepare for drill sergeant school. A study manual containing relevant readings, study objectives, and self-tests was prepared. Diagnostic exams were developed and used to evaluate the achievement of a class of drill sergeant…

Osborn, William C.; Kraemer, Ronald E.

459

History Through Biography? A Conceptual Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social studies classroom teachers can enliven high school history courses and motivate students to learn about history by using dramatic or heroic biographies in teaching history. The biographical approach centers on study of the lives, beliefs, and surroundings of historical actors. This approach differs from the "great man" theory of history in…

Johns, Robert W.

460

Research training roadshow Studying Music through  

E-print Network

-scale OMRAS 2 project of Goldsmiths' and Queen Mary, University of London. Jargon and arcane technicalities provided) 3.30 pm Neta Spiro, University of Cambridge Technical approaches to the study of recorded music processing 11.45 am Neta Spiro, University of Cambridge Technical approaches to the study of recorded music

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

461

Research in Our Schools: Duke University School Research Partnership Office, Research Studies 2007-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Duke University School Research Partnership (SRP) Office was developed with support from the Office of the Provost and the Center for Child and Family Policy. Begun in 2006 as the Duke Office for Research in Schools (DORIS), the SRP Office is an integral part of the work of the Center for Child and Family Policy. The SRP Office facilitates…

Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

462

Research in Our Schools: Duke University School Research Partnership Office, Research Studies 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Duke University School Research Partnership (SRP) Office was developed with support from the Office of the Provost and the Center for Child and Family Policy. Begun in 2006 as the Duke Office for Research in Schools (DORIS), the SRP Office is an integral part of the work of the Center for Child and Family Policy. The SRP Office facilitates…

Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University (NJ1), 2009

2009-01-01

463

[Simulation research on three dimension electrical impedance tomography and evaluation of image reconstruction quality].  

PubMed

Three dimensional electrical impedance tomography (3D-EIT) became an important branch of EIT recently. It is important to research imaging and image quality evaluation methods for single targets of different positions and multi-targets in 3D field. Using finite element subdivision method, 3D-EIT field was dispersed into cube unit in the present study for models with single target located in the center of field, middle of field, and near to the edge, respectively. For models with two targets and four targets near to the field edge, Tikhonov-Noser algorithm was adopted in image reconstruction. Imaging error function ER and structure similarity degree function SSIM were introduced to evaluate the reconstructed images. For the models with signal target, with the movement of the target from the center to the edge of the field, the value of ER increased and SSIM decreased, and reconstruction quality decreased. For the models with multi-targets near to the field edge, ER and SSIM increased and decreased respectively with the increase of target number, mage quality also decreased. Tikhonov-Noser algorithm is an effective 3D-EIT algorithm. ER and SSIM are adaptive for the characteristic of 3D-EIT images, and it can quantitatively evaluate the 3D-EIT imaging effect from the two perspective of imaging error and structure quality. PMID:24645595

Deng, Juan; Wei, Qingguo; Sha, Hong; Zhao, Shu; Wang, Yan; Ren, Chaoshi; Li, Fusheng

2013-12-01

464

Study on Hotel Outsourcer Evaluation Based on ANP Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Rational evaluation of outsourcer can help select outsourcer and enhance hotel’s core competitiveness, reduce costs, and improve\\u000a service quality. In this study, ANP (analytical network process) model has been adopted in order to evaluate the right hotel\\u000a outsourcer. By constructing hotel’s outsourcer evaluation model, many factors, such as quality, price and time, which will\\u000a impact the evaluation of hotel outsourcer,

Jing Sun; Liying Liu

465

Research and Graduate Studies at KU Newsletter, March 2012  

E-print Network

page 3 Grant Specialists Sought in Research and Graduate Studies The Office of Research and Graduate Studies is currently searching for three grant specialists to work in Pre- Award Services at Youngberg Hall. For details and application instructions..., go to www.jobs.ku.edu and search the postings for position number 00067182. The review of applications will begin on March 30. The Commons Announces Seed Grants Competition The Commons supports research endeavors that bring together the sciences...

2012-03-01

466

Evaluation of near-infrared laser Raman spectroscopy underwater research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The in-situ chemical detection in deep sea is very important for mineral resources exploitation. Laser Raman Spectroscopy as a powerful tool for chemical analysis has been used in deep sea detection recently. It was found that the fluorescence always exists as the background on Raman spectra detecting in ocean. It is apparent that the fluorescence background could be decrease effectively using near infrared wavelength as excitation source. While near infrared laser has few application underwater due to the absorption of water in this wavelength range. In this paper, a 785nm Raman spectrometer was used to evaluate the near infrared laser Raman spectroscopy for underwater application. It was found that the Raman shift of SO4 2- at 981cm-1 can be easily detected from Qingdao near shore sea water samples without sever fluorescence background. With mixed solution of SO4 2- and HCO3 -, the detection limit achieved for SO4 2- at 981cm-1 and HCO3 - at 1017cm-1 was obtained by 785nm compact Raman spectrometer to be 0.00625mol/l and 0.025mol/l with 10s integration time respectively. The obtained results proved the feasibility of near infrared laser Raman underwater detection.

Guo, Jinjia; Zhang, Bin; Wu, Jianglai; Zheng, Ronger

2009-07-01

467

Highlights of recent balance of system research and evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cost of most photovoltaic (PV) systems is more a function of the balance of system (BOS) components than the collectors. The exception to this rule is the grid-tied system whose cost is related more directly to the collectors, and secondarily to the inverter/controls. In fact, recent procurements throughout the country document that collector costs for roof-mounted, utility-tied systems (Russell, PV Systems Workshop, 7/94) represent 60% to 70% of the system cost. This contrasts with the current market for packaged stand-alone all PV or PV-hybrid systems where collectors represent only 25% to 35% of the total. Not only are the BOS components the cost drivers in the current cost-effective PV system market place, they are also the least reliable components. This paper discusses the impact that BOS issues have on component performance, system performance, and system cost and reliability. We will also look at recent recommended changes in system design based upon performance evaluations of fielded PV systems.

Thomas, M. G.; Stevens, J. W.

468

Technical safety evaluation report of Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Office of Health and Environmental Research has requested Los Alamos to review the BMRR and to document its findings in this report. Aftervisiting the BMRR and reviewing documentation, the review team concludes that the reactor facility is being operated in a safe and proper manner. BNL management plays an active role in ensuring safety in the operation. There were some areas where more attention is needed: addition of shielding to the charcoal filter banks and their remote removal in case of high contamination, measuing coolant velocity per element/channel, and improvements in control room console incorporating man-machine design criteria. The Halon gas should also be replaced when a suitable replacement gas is developed. Since it was difficult to obtain the information for calculating the average core heat flux and burnout heat flux for both fuel element types, those information should be consolidated into one document with the equations. There were other deficiencies in documentation and in defining the dose equivalent rate. In Chapter 10 of this report, Los Alamos used dose conversion units considerably different from those used in the early 1970s and based on ICRP 30; these units reduce considerably the calculated doses, whole-body and thyroid determined, from the release of fission products.

Hull, D.L.

1990-09-01

469

Research on biophysical evaluation of the human vestibular system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The human vestibular function was studied by the combined approach of advanced measurement and mathematical modelling. Fundamental measurements of some physical properties of endolymph and perilymph, combined with nystagmus measurements and fluid mechanical analysis of semicircular canal function furthered the theory of canal mechanical response to angular acceleration, caloric stimulation and relating linear acceleration. The effects of adaptation seen at low frequency angular stimulation were studied and modelled to remove some shortcomings of the torsion pendulum models. Otolith function was also studied experimentally and analytically, leading to a new set of models for subjective orientation. Applications to special problems of space, including the case of rotating spacecraft were investigated and the interaction of visual and vestibular cues and their relation to proprioceptive information was explored relative to postural control.

Young, L. R.

1974-01-01

470

Evaluation of intervention research in weight reduction in post menopausal women.  

PubMed

To describe the evidence that has accrued for interventions targeting weight loss in postmenopausal women, and to assess the strengths and limitations of weight loss interventions in postmenopausal women using the framework of evaluation theory, including definition of the problem and the use of theoretical framework and mediators. Electronic databases were used, including CINAHL, EBSCO Host, Google scholar, Medline, and the Science Citation Index, Expanded, in the Web of Science from 1995 to December 2009. Keyword searches included the terms obesity, obese, overweight, menopause, and weight management interventions. Searches were combined to find reports addressing 1 or more keywords. Experimental design studies that examined physical activity or dietary intervention effects on weight loss or body composition changes in postmenopausal women were selected for review. Reports of 15 intervention studies met inclusion criteria from the list of 120 generated through the database searches. Each article was evaluated for 1) effects produced as a result of the intervention, 2) the characteristics of the problem of postmenopausal obesity, 3) specification of theoretical constructs and critical inputs that guide the design of an intervention, and 4) link of the theoretical predictors and the outcome measures selected. Four types of interventions were tested in the 15 research reports. Only 5 of the 15 used theories or models to guide the interventions. All of the interventions resulted in some positive weight management outcome, such as lowered body mass index, fat mass, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, glucose, and cholesterol. Overall, the reviewed research showed efficacy of varying intensities of exercise when combined with hypocaloric diet or meal replacement therapy in producing low body weight, low fat, improved insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, and cardio-respiratory fitness. The external validity of the 15 studies was limited in reporting of a clear delineation of the problem, theoretical frameworks, and application of the findings. PMID:20888077

Al-Zadjali, Manal; Keller, Colleen; Larkey, Linda K; Albertini, Lauren

2010-01-01

471

Making research real: embedding a longitudinal study in a taught research course for undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Learning how and why scholarly research underpins and informs professional nursing practice is a continual challenge for undergraduate nursing students. They find the language and methods of research to be unfamiliar and unsettling. The work of educators thus becomes the process of breaking down barriers to students' understanding of research processes and application. Such work is increasingly important in the current era of evidence based practice, where students must be competent in sourcing, critiquing and applying research to meet real clinical questions. In response, as lecturers who taught the course, Research for Health Professionals, we have reinvented how research is taught to second year undergraduate students. This article outlines our creative approach to facilitate students learning research theory and methodology by conducting a "real-life" research study in a local retirement community. PMID:22100420

Niven, Elizabeth; Roy, Dianne E; Schaefer, Barbara A; Gasquoine, Susan E; Ward, Frances A

2013-01-01

472

Center for INFOSEC Studies and Research 1 Naval Postgraduate School  

E-print Network

Architecture: MYSEA Cynthia Irvine, Timothy Levin Center for INFOSEC Studies and Research Naval PostgraduateCenter for INFOSEC Studies and Research 1 Naval Postgraduate School An Extended-OpenBSD Security School The Monterey Security Enhanced Architecture (MYSEA) project is constructing a prototype

Irvine, Cynthia E.

473

Focusing Case Study Research: Can We Reason Together?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subsequent to emphasizing the importance of historical case studies for gaining a fuller understanding of curriculum history, the paper discusses problems associated with historical case study research. Their analysis stresses the importance of scholars focusing on common research questions and utilizing similar methodology. Such cooperation is…

Baruch, Steven; Callaway, Rolland

474

An Exploratory Study on Measuring Educators' Attitudes toward Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study intended to develop a scale that measures attitudes of PreK-12 in-service educators toward educational research. A major part of the study was an exploratory factor analysis of the educators' attitudes toward educational research scale. The scale was given to 193 PreK-12 in-service educators (teachers, school…

Ozturk, Mehmet Ali

2010-01-01

475

Embodied Learning and Creative Writing: An Action Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research study used narrative analysis to explore the role of the body in the writing process of creative writers. Specifically, the purpose of this action research study was threefold: it was first to examine how professional creative writers describe their writing process with particular attention to their perceptions of the role and…

Tobin, Jennifer Ann

2012-01-01

476

Public sharing of research datasets: A pilot study of associations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public sharing of primary research datasets potentially benefits the research community but is not yet common practice. In this pilot study, we analyzed whether data sharing frequency was associated with funder and publisher requirements, journal impact factor, or investigator experience and impact. Across 397 recent biomedical microarray studies, we found investigators were more likely to publicly share their raw

Heather A. Piwowar; Wendy Webber Chapman

2010-01-01

477

Safeguarding Post-Laming: Initial Scoping Study. LGA Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Local Government Association (LGA) commissioned the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to undertake an initial scoping study into safeguarding post-Laming, with a view to undertaking further work if relevant. The purpose of the study was to identify research and literature produced since the Laming report was published in…

Atkinson, Mary

2010-01-01

478

A Course in Medical Research Study Design and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course to familiarize medical students with the principles of good medical research study design and analysis focuses on three types of studies: clinical trials, laboratory science, and epidemiology and biostatistics. (MSE)

Linskey, Mark E.; And Others

1987-01-01

479

Depression Research - The STAR*D Study - Relief in Hours?  

MedlinePLUS

... of this page please turn Javascript on. The STAR*D Study New research reveals that, by working ... Southwestern Medical Center and co-authors of the STAR*D study. Photo courtesy of University of Texas ...

480

Social Network Analysis to Evaluate an Interdisciplinary Research Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We sought to examine the growth of an interdisciplinary center using social network analysis techniques. Specific aims were to examine the patterns of growth and interdisciplinary connectedness of the Center and to identify the social network characteristics of its productive members. The setting for this study was The Center for Interdisciplinary…

Aboelela, Sally W.; Merrill, Jacqueline A.; Carley, Kathleen M.; Larson, Elaine

2007-01-01

481

Validation of a virtual preoperative evaluation clinic: a pilot study.  

PubMed

Patients scheduled for surgery at the Omaha VA Medical Center were evaluated preoperatively via telemedicine. Following the examination, patients filled out a 15 item, 5 point Likert scale questionnaire regarding their opinion of preoperative evaluation in a VTC format. Evaluations were performed under the direction of nationally recognized guidelines and recommendations of experts in the field of perioperative medicine and were overseen by a staff anesthesiologist from the Omaha VA Medical Center. No significant difficulties were encountered by the patient or the evaluator regarding the quality of the audio/visual capabilities of the VTC link and its ability to facilitate preoperative evaluation. 87.5% of patients felt that virtual evaluation would save them travel time; 87.5% felt virtual evaluation could save them money; 7.3% felt uncomfortable using the VTC link; 12.2% felt the virtual evaluation took longer than expected; 70.7% preferred to be evaluated via VTC link; 21.9% were undecided; 9.7% felt they would rather be evaluated face-to-face with 26.8% undecided; 85.0% felt that teleconsultation was as good as being seen at the Omaha surgical evaluation unit; 7.5% were undecided. Our study has shown that effective preoperative evaluation can be performed using a virtual preoperative evaluation clinic; patients are receptive to the VTC format and, in the majority of cases, prefer it to face-to-face evaluation. PMID:21335890

Zetterman, Corey V; Sweitzer, Bobbie J; Webb, Brad; Barak-Bernhagen, Mary A; Boedeker, Ben H

2011-01-01

482

Feed process studies: Research-Scale Melter  

SciTech Connect

In support of a two-phase approach to privatizing the processing of hazardous and radioactive waste at Hanford, research-scale melter (RSM) experiments were conducted to determine feed processing characteristics of two potential privatization Phase 1 high-level waste glass formulations and to determine if increased Ag, Te, and noble metal amounts would have bad effects. Effects of feed compositions and process conditions were examined for processing rate, cold cap behavior, off-gas, and glass properties. The 2 glass formulations used were: NOM-2 with adjusted waste loading (all components except silica and soda) of 25 wt%, and NOM-3 (max waste loaded glass) with adjusted waste loading of 30 wt%. The 25 wt% figure is the minimum required in the privatization Request for Proposal. RSM operated for 19 days (5 runs). 1010 kg feed was processed, producing 362 kg glass. Parts of runs 2 and 3 were run at 10 to 30 degrees above the nominal temperature 1150 C, with the most significant processing rate increase in run 3. Processing observations led to the choice of NOM-3 for noble metal testing in runs 4 and 5. During noble metal testing, processing rates fell 50% from baseline. Destructive analysis showed that a layer of noble metals and noble metal oxides settled on the floor of the melter, leading to current ``channeling`` which allowed the top section to cool, reducing production rates.

Whittington, K.F.; Seiler, D.K.; Luey, J.; Vienna, J.D.; Sliger, W.A.

1996-09-01

483

A facility for using cluster research to study environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

This report begins by describing the general application of cluster based research to environmental chemistry and the development of a Cluster Structure and Dynamics Research Facility (CSDRF). Next, four important areas of cluster research are described in more detail, including how they can impact environmental problems. These are: surface-supported clusters, water and contaminant interactions, time-resolved dynamic studies in clusters, and cluster structures and reactions. These facilities and equipment required for each area of research are then presented. The appendices contain workshop agenda and a listing of the researchers who participated in the workshop discussions that led to this report.

Not Available

1991-11-01

484

Evaluation of superconducting magnets, a study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Study analytically develops and experimentally verifies the steady state behavior characteristics of composite superconductors. Zero-dimensional, one-dimensional, and three-dimensional analyses were performed.

Di Salvo, F.; Lucas, E.; Stekly, Z. J. J.; Strauss, B. P.; Thome, R.

1968-01-01

485

ADVANCED COMPOSITES TECHNOLOGY CASE STUDY AT NASA LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes work conducted at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Langley Research Center (NASA-LaRC) in Hampton, VA, under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Waste Reduction Evaluations at Federal Sites (WREAFS) Program. Support for...

486

[Taking evaluation of post-marketing as point of cut-in to promote systematic research of traditional Chinese medicine].  

PubMed

Research on post-marketing Chinese medicine should be the systematic study from application to mechanism. Clinical evaluation is the basis of mechanism study, we can find the clue from clinical evaluation, then make a mechanism study to find the reason, then apply the results to clinic. So it is a virtuous circle. In order to achieve it, we cannot be limited to traditional Chinese medicine, we should form multi-disciplinary team under the direction of grand science thinking, try hard to put industry-university-research institute collaboration association to use, and if necessary, explore the new model of the whole nation system. An appropriate operation mechanism is very important. PMID:25532370

Wang, Yong-yan; Wang, Zhi-fei; Xie, Yan-ming

2014-09-01

487

DETROIT EXPOSURE AND AEROSOL RESEARCH STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

The DEARS is a three-year field monitoring study that will be conducted in Detroit, Michigan and is designed to measure exposure and describe exposure relationships for air toxics, PM components, PM from specific sources, and criteria pollutants. Detroit, Michigan was considered ...

488

A pressure sensor study and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The correlative introduction and analysis of a kind of industrial field pressure measurement sensor is carried out in this paper by us. The principle of work and power supply circuit of pressure sensor is studied in detail. The constant current source power supply mode is adopted in this paper, which is very good for certainty of measurement. In order to

Yanbing Li; Meng Yuan; Jiyong Xu

2011-01-01

489

Current Research on Chinese Students Studying Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of China's growing participation and importance in the process of internationalization and globalization a continuously rising number of Chinese students has gone abroad for further study. By the end of the last decade the number of Chinese students abroad made up the largest group of international students in the USA (surpassing those…

Henze, Jurgen; Zhu, Jiani

2012-01-01

490

Getting added value from using qualitative research with randomized controlled trials: a qualitative interview study  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research is undertaken with randomized controlled trials of health interventions. Our aim was to explore the perceptions of researchers with experience of this endeavour to understand the added value of qualitative research to the trial in practice. Methods A telephone semi-structured interview study with 18 researchers with experience of undertaking the trial and/or the qualitative research. Results Interviewees described the added value of qualitative research for the trial, explaining how it solved problems at the pretrial stage, explained findings, and helped to increase the utility of the evidence generated by the trial. From the interviews, we identified three models of relationship of the qualitative research to the trial. In ‘the peripheral’ model, the trial was an opportunity to undertake qualitative research, with no intention that it would add value to the trial. In ‘the add-on’ model, the qualitative researcher understood the potential value of the qualitative research but it was viewed as a separate and complementary endeavour by the trial lead investigator and wider team. Interviewees described how this could limit the value of the qualitative research to the trial. Finally ‘the integral’ model played out in two ways. In ‘integral-in-theory’ studies, the lead investigator viewed the qualitative research as essential to the trial. However, in practice the qualitative research was under-resourced relative to the trial, potentially limiting its ability to add value to the trial. In ‘integral-in-practice’ studies, interviewees described how the qualitative research was planned from the beginning of the study, senior qualitative expertise was on the team from beginning to end, and staff and time were dedicated to the qualitative research. In these studies interviewees described the qualitative research adding value to the trial although this value was not necessarily visible beyond the original research team due to the challenges of publishing this research. Conclusions Health researchers combining qualitative research and trials viewed this practice as strengthening evaluative research. Teams viewing the qualitative research as essential to the trial, and resourcing it in practice, may have a better chance of delivering its added value to the trial. PMID:24913438

2014-01-01

491

BIQSFP-12-CEA-Study-Evaluation-Guidelines  

Cancer.gov

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Studies Funding Program Purpose and Background As part of its Prioritization and Scientific Quality Initiatives, the Clinical Trials Working Group (CTWG) of NCI recommended establishing a funding mechanism and prioritization process for essential correlative biomarker, imaging, and QOL studies that are incorporated into the fundamental design of a clinical trial.

492

BIQSFP_13_CEA_Study_Evaluation_Guidelines  

Cancer.gov

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Studies Funding Program Purpose and Background As part of its Prioritization and Scientific Quality Initiatives, the Clinical Trials Working Group (CTWG) of NCI recommended establishing a funding mechanism and prioritization process for essential correlative biomarker, imaging, and QOL studies that are incorporated into the fundamental design of a clinical trial.

493

Studies and research on global climate change produced in Dobrogea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies and research on global climate change produced in Dobrogea Atmospheric phenomena risk, high acuity products in recent years compels us to a more careful study of the phenomena caused by global climate change produced in Dobrogea. Risk atmospheric phenomena and quick release is characterized by extremely high energies that are catastrophic, sudden and hard to prognosis in current contexts. In our paper we clarify the concept of aridity, and discusses related concepts including indices of aridity, and their influence on Dobrogea area and soil features including climatic water deficit. The drought impact is evaluated by calculating different indices of drought from meteorological and hydrological point of view. In Dobrogea, the phenomena mentioned already manifested by hail, violent storms, tornadoes, heavy precipitation, rainfall, manifested in short periods, producing floods and landslides. Sudden changes, increased environmental air parameters (temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure) creates, in turn, serious human discomfort and other negative effects of socio-economic. These "risk events" is frequently interleaves severe periods of drought, completing the sequence of natural disasters are difficult to predict. Another characteristic of desertification in Dobrogea is eroding - cruel impoverishment of the soil created by strong winds and violent rain causes strong erosion. Dust storms and sand pits desert areas severely affects state land, forests and degrade air quality breathable, cruelly destroying into ozone. Summarizing, the objective of this paper is to present some results using drought indices and a Grid computing application, which estimates the land surface temperature (LST) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) at regional scale.

Serban, Cristina; Maftei, Carmen; Zagan, Sabina; Chitu, Greti; Zagan, Remus

2013-04-01

494

Handbook of Evaluated Materials for Secondary Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The handbook contains teacher evaluations of secondary social studies materials used in the Mt. Diablo Unified School District (MDUSD), Orinda, California. The Materials Testing Program of MDUSD is an effort to involve secondary teachers in the process of evaluating social studies materials in certain concept areas: conflict, social change, man's…

Mount Diablo Unified School District, Concord, CA.

495

Targeting During Sampling and Analysis in Fire History Reconstructions and Fire-Climate Research: Evaluating Methodologies.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fire scar datasets have been widely applied to the reconstruction of historical fire regimes, in the investigation of fire-climate linkages and in environmental assessments. These datasets have been collected by numerous methods, yet the spatial and statistical integrity of these methods have not been evaluated. Targeting, an experience-based sampling system, has been explicitly recommended in the literature. Logistically, targeting is a practical method in study areas that are often characterized by difficult terrain. However, targeting may bias datasets by emphasizing areas of the landscape that burn more frequently. Uniform grid-based sampling methods have also been implemented in fire research, and may better represent fire heterogeneity. In this paper, I simulate grid-based and targeted sample designs at multiple scales in a GIS. An existing dataset collected in a Pinus ponderosa forest in Washington with 0.073 samples/ha, is treated as the population of scarred trees. Mean fire return interval (MFRI) is calculated for the sampled subsets of data at multiple scales and compared with the MFRI for the entire dataset. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the validity of targeting, and to investigate the relationship between scale and sampling methods. Results suggest that targeted sampling methods do not bias fire intervals.

Kernan, J.

2003-12-01

496

Assessing Exposures to Household Air Pollution in Public Health Research and Program Evaluation.  

PubMed

Exposure to smoke from the use of solid fuels and inefficient stoves for cooking and heating is responsible for approximately 4 million premature deaths yearly. As increasing investments are made to tackle this important public health issue, there is a need for identifying and providing guidance on best practices for exposure and stove performance monitoring, particularly for public health research and evaluation studies. This paper, which builds upon the discussion at an expert consultation on exposure assessment convened by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and PATH in late 2012, aims to provide general guidance on what to monitor, who and where to monitor, and how to monitor household air pollution exposures. In addition, we summarize information about commercially available monitoring equipment and the technical properties of these monitors most important for household air pollution exposure assessment. The target audience includes epidemiologists conducting health studies and program evaluators aiming to quantify changes in exposures to estimate the potential health benefits of cookstoves intervention projects. PMID:25380652

Northcross, Amanda L; Hwang, Nina; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Mehta, Sumi

2014-11-01

497

Advanced cogeneration research study: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study provides a broad based overview of selected areas relevant to the development of a comprehensive Southern California Edison (SCE) advanced cogeneration project. The areas studied are: (1) Cogeneration potential in the SCE service territory; (2) Advanced cogeneration technologies; and (3) Existing cogeneration computer models. An estimated 3700 MW sub E could potentially be generated from existing industries in the Southern California Edison service territory using cogeneration technology. Of this total, current technology could provide 2600 MW sub E and advanced technology could provide 1100 MW sub E. The manufacturing sector (SIC Codes 20-39) was found to have the highest average potential for current cogeneration technology. The mining sector (SIC Codes 10-14) was found to have the highest potential for advanced technology.

Bluhm, S. A.; Moore, N.; Rosenberg, L.; Slonski, M.

1983-01-01

498

Research study on IPS digital controller design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance is investigated of the simplified continuous-data model of the Instrument Pointing System (IPS). Although the ultimate objective is to study the digital model of the system, knowledge on the performance of the continuous-data model is important in the sense that the characteristics of the digital system should approach those of the continuous-data system as the sampling period approaches zero.

Kuo, B. C.; Folkerts, C.

1976-01-01

499

Therapeutic research in low-income countries: studying trial communities.  

PubMed

Social scientists undertaking studies of transnational medical research in developing countries focus on 'trial communities': networks of funders, institutions, researchers, clinical staff, fieldworkers and study participants. They relate these to the political economy that brings powerful research resources to poor settings. Whereas bioethicists tend to consider universal ethical requirements, social scientists examine how ethics are practiced in given situations in the light of the concerns and interests held by different parties involved in medical research. In conditions of poverty, high morbidity and weak public health services, research subjects are heavily induced by the prospect of high quality medical care and other benefits that researchers seem to offer. Studies of medical research undertaken by well-established internationally funded institutions in Africa show that parents are keen to have their children 'join' projects at these organisations. They assess benefits and risks less in terms of specific research projects and more in terms of their overall trust in the care these institutions are known to have provided previously for others in the community. Bioethics should widen its scope beyond concern with protecting individual subjects from the risks of specific research projects. It should recognise that clinical and research functions are indistinguishable for many participants, who want information on results of clinical investigations and sustained support for improving the health of their children. PMID:24748638

Whyte, Susan Reynolds

2014-11-01

500

Case Studies in Describing Scientific Research Efforts as Linked Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Web is growing with numerous scientific resources, prompting increased efforts in information management to consider integration and exchange of scientific resources. Scientists have many options to share scientific resources on the Web; however, existing options provide limited support to scientists in annotating and relating research resources resulting from a scientific research effort. Moreover, there is no systematic approach to documenting scientific research and sharing it on the Web. This research proposes the Collect-Annotate-Refine-Publish (CARP) Methodology as an approach for guiding documentation of scientific research on the Semantic Web as scientific collections. Scientific collections are structured descriptions about scientific research that make scientific results accessible based on context. In addition, scientific collections enhance the Linked Data data space and can be queried by machines. Three case studies were conducted on research efforts at the Cyber-ShARE Research Center of Excellence in order to assess the effectiveness of the methodology to create scientific collections. The case studies exposed the challenges and benefits of leveraging the Semantic Web and Linked Data data space to facilitate access, integration and processing of Web-accessible scientific resources and research documentation. As such, we present the case study findings and lessons learned in documenting scientific research using CARP.

Gandara, A.; Villanueva-Rosales, N.; Gates, A.

2013-12-01