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1

Evaluation Research and Policy Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The area of policy studies is explained and comparisons are made with evaluation research. Organizational and individual interaction between these fields would be mutually beneficial. Some of the benefits are discussed. This article and the efforts of the Evaluation Network's Professional Relations Committee should stimulate more organizational…

Nagel, Stuart S.

1985-01-01

2

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre Feasibility Study. Volume 4. Financial Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume IV summarizes the financial evaluation ...

1992-01-01

3

Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are evaluated. The three mixed research studies

Nancy L. Leech; Amy B. Dellinger; Kim B. Brannagan; Hideyuki Tanaka

2010-01-01

4

Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are…

Leech, Nancy L.; Dellinger, Amy B.; Brannagan, Kim B.; Tanaka, Hideyuki

2010-01-01

5

Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are…

Leech, Nancy L.; Dellinger, Amy B.; Brannagan, Kim B.; Tanaka, Hideyuki

2010-01-01

6

Teaching Undergraduate Nursing Research: A Narrative Review of Evaluation Studies and a Typology for Further Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of eight studies evaluating strategies for teaching nursing research found they emphasized contextual rather than internal or external validity. A typology for research on teaching strategies was proposed using the categories of purpose, methodological assumptions, types of validity, and sample size. (Contains 45 references.) (SK)

Porter, Eileen J.

2001-01-01

7

Research, Demonstration, and Evaluation Studies: Fiscal Year 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides descriptive information on the research, demonstration, and evaluation programs of the Office of Child Development during fiscal year 1974. An overview describing the role, function, and long range goals of the Office of Child Development is presented. Specific research, demonstration, and evaluation projects (both…

Bates, Barbara, Ed.

8

Survey research methods in evaluation and case-control studies.  

PubMed

Survey research methods are widely used in two types of analytic studies: evaluation studies that measure the effects of interventions; and population-based case-control studies that investigate the effects of various risk factors on the presence of disease. This paper provides a broad overview of some design and analysis issues related to such studies, illustrated with examples. The lack of random assignment to treatment and control groups in many evaluation studies makes controlling for confounders critically important. Confounder control can be achieved by matching in the design and by various alternative methods in the analysis. One popular analytic method of controlling for confounders is propensity scoring, which bears a close resemblance to survey weighting. The use of population-based controls has become common in case-control studies. For reasons of cost, population-based controls are often identified by telephone surveys using random digit dialling (RDD) sampling methods. However, RDD surveys are now experiencing serious problems with response rates. A recent alternative approach is to select controls from frames such as driver license lists that contain valuable demographic information for use in matching. Methods of analysis developed in the survey sampling literature are applicable, at least to some degree, in the analyses of evaluation and population-based case-control studies. In particular, the effects of complex sample designs can be taken into account using survey sampling variance estimation methods. Several survey analysis software packages are available for carrying out the computations. PMID:17278183

Kalton, Graham; Piesse, Andrea

2007-04-15

9

Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on

C. T. J. Hulshof; J. H. A. M. Verbeek; F. J. van Dijk; W. E. van der Weide; I. T. J. Braam

1999-01-01

10

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre Feasibility Study. Volume 3. Technical Evaluation and Implementation Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume III discusses current technology and se...

1992-01-01

11

A Historical Reflection on Research Evaluation Studies, Their Recurrent Themes and Challenges. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report critically examines studies of how scientific research drives innovation which is then translated into socio-economic benefits. It focuses on research evaluation insights that are relevant not only to the academic community, but also to policymakers and evaluation practitioners--and particularly to biomedical and health research

Marjanovic, Sonja; Hanney, Stephen; Wooding, Steven

2009-01-01

12

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by run- ning the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people. Results: Highest sensitivity was achieved by Medline (52%), Social

Brian Taylor; Emma Wylie; Martin Dempster; Michael Donnelly

2007-01-01

13

Evaluating Technology in Schools: Implications of a Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides an overview of the issues related to a recently completed study of the use of computers in primary classrooms in six school districts and some special program classes, i.e., K-2 English-as-a-Second-Language and bilingual classes at one study site and Chapter 1 pullout classes for grades K-5 at another site. The sites used…

Kell, Diane; And Others

14

Ballast and Foundation Materials Research Program. Phase IV. Materials Evaluation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of Phase 4 - Materials Evaluation Study, of the Ballast and Foundation Materials Research Program. Emphasis is on characterizing the response of the structural support elements (subgrade, subballast, and ballast) with resp...

R. M. Knutson M. R. Thompson T. Mullin S. D. Tayabji

1977-01-01

15

The Evolution of an Evaluation: A Case Study Using the Tribal Participatory Research Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a case study of how the evaluation design for a dating violence prevention and\\/or youth development program for American Indian youth in Arizona evolved throughout the project. Particular attention is given to how the evaluation design was guided by the tribal participatory research model. A brief rationale for the project is presented along with literature on culturally

Lucinda S. Richmond; Donna J. Peterson; Sherry C. Betts

2008-01-01

16

The evolution of an evaluation: a case study using the tribal participatory research model.  

PubMed

This article presents a case study of how the evaluation design for a dating violence prevention and/or youth development program for American Indian youth in Arizona evolved throughout the project. Particular attention is given to how the evaluation design was guided by the tribal participatory research model. A brief rationale for the project is presented along with literature on culturally competent evaluation and research with American Indians. A description of the project and the unique communities in which it was implemented is provided. The focus of the article is the process of how the evaluation plan changed and how various factors influenced this process (e.g., feedback from community stakeholders, conversations with funder, results of process evaluation, suggestions from literature, the authors' experience working in American Indian communities). The authors conclude with lessons learned for others to consider as they develop working relationships and evaluation plans in similar communities. PMID:16803933

Richmond, Lucinda S; Peterson, Donna J; Betts, Sherry C

2006-06-27

17

Increasing research capacity in the chiropractic profession: A case study and evaluation of an innovative research program in Norway  

PubMed Central

Objective The subject of research methods is not commonly covered in continuing professional development (CPD) courses in spite of its emphasis in undergraduate education. This initiative aimed to develop postgraduate research competency and recruit chiropractors to musculoskeletal research. Methods The program was delivered as a university-based program with 20 credits over seven contact weekends covering topics of evidence-based practice, research methods, statistics, ethics, resources, and funding. Students were assessed through assignments showing competency in critical literature review, case report writing, and production of a research protocol as the final assessment. Non-student participation for CPD points was possible. A student evaluation survey was completed after the end of the academic year. Results There were 26 participants: 16 as students handing in assignments, 10 as non-student participants for up to 94 CPD points. Three submitted a final protocol and two registered at a university PhD program. A network of research clinics was established for data collection for future multicenter studies. Conclusions The program was well received by the participants and gave them the tools and resources to perform research. The two-level attendance system afforded a basis for setting up a network of research clinics with a fundamental understanding of optimal data collection. This initiative has shown that research skills can be revisited through CPD programs as part of evidence-based lifelong learning.

Lothe, Lise R.; Bolton, Jennifer E.

2013-01-01

18

Evaluating the Impact of Environmental Interpretation: A Review of Three Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three research studies examined the impact of environmental interpretation programs on the environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of student participants. Conducted by Indiana University's Department of Recreation and Park Administration, the studies evaluated variables related to entry level (awareness), ownership, and empowerment…

Knapp, Doug

19

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center. Progress Report of Research Studies, 1966-1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The studies which comprise this report are as follows: (a) Document 1, Development of the Matrix Test by Herbert Zimiles and Harvery Asch (PS 001 072); (b) Document 2, Studies of the Social Organization of Head Start Centers by Donald Horton and others (PS 001 073); (c) Document 3, An Experimental Approach to Studying Non-Verbal Representation in…

Zimiles, Herbert; Horton, Donald

20

Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…

Glick, Ashley

2010-01-01

21

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

22

Evaluating institutional capacity for research ethics in Africa: a case study from Botswana  

PubMed Central

Background The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been initiated to strengthen the capacity for research ethics in LMIC. However, most such programs focus on individual training or development of ethics review committees. The objective of this paper is to present an approach to institutional capacity assessment in research ethics and application of this approach in the form of a case study from an institution in Africa. Methods We adapted the Octagon model originally used by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency to assess an organization along eight domains in research ethics: basic values and identity; structure and organization; ability to carry out activities; relevance of activities to stated goals; capacity of staff and management; administrative, financing and accounting systems; its relations with target groups; and the national context. We used a mixed methods approach to collect empirical data at the University of Botswana from March to December 2010. Results The overall shape of the external evaluation Octagon suggests that strengths of the University of Botswana are in the areas of structure, relevance, production and identity; while the university still needs more work in the areas of systems of finance, target groups, and environment. The Octagons also show the similarities and discrepancies between the 'external' and 'internal' evaluations and provide an opportunity for exploration of these different assessments. For example, the discrepant score for 'identity' between internal and external evaluations allows for an exploration of what constitutes a strong identity for research ethics at the University of Botswana and how it can be strengthened. Conclusions There is a general lack of frameworks for evaluating research ethics capacity in LMICs. We presented an approach that stresses evaluation from both internal and external perspectives. This case study highlights the university's rapid progress in developing research ethics capacity and points to some notable areas for improvement. We believe that such an empirically-driven and participatory assessment allows a more holistic measurement and promotion of institutional capacity strengthening for research ethics in LMICs.

2013-01-01

23

Girls Study Girls Inc.: Engaging Girls in Evaluation Through Participatory Action Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 2004 and 2007, Girls Incorporated® conducted research about the experience of five affiliates from different parts of the United States as they engaged with\\u000a girls in Girls Study Girls Inc., a participatory evaluation project that explored the meaning and impact of Girls Inc. environments\\u000a and uncovered ways such environments can be improved. We describe the context and motivation for

PeiYao ChenFaedra; Faedra Lazar Weiss; Heather Johnston Nicholson

2010-01-01

24

Single Subject Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the development and use of single subject research and evaluation for individuals involved with counseling. The case study approach and intensive design are examined in detail. (EJT)|

Miller, Edith; Warner, Richard W., Jr.

1975-01-01

25

The Deconstruction of a Study: Toward More Effective Evaluation of Research Studies in Cognitive Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information literacy modules produced by academic libraries to facilitate the research process typically use the criteria of relevance, timeliness, reliability, coverage and accuracy to assess the various information resources undergraduate students use to write research reports. These same criteria are applied to the wide spectrum of research sources that may range from popular magazines to research journal articles.\\u000aIn the

Jose A. Montelongo

2008-01-01

26

Evaluative Studies in Nuclear Medicine Research: Positron Computed Tomography Assessment. Final Report, January 1, 1982-December 31, 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are reported of the final phase of the study effort generally titled Evaluative Studies in Nuclear Medicine Research. The previous work is reviewed and extended to an assessment providing perspectives on medical applications of positron emission t...

E. J. Potchen G. I. Harris D. A. R. D. Gift J. E. Siebert

1983-01-01

27

Benefits and Costs of Research: A Case Study of the Fire Safety Evaluation System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report focuses on a critical analysis of the economic impacts from past BFRL research efforts leading to the development and introduction of the performance-based Fire Safety Evaluation System (FSES) for hospital and nursing home occupancies. The FSE...

R. E. Chapman S. F. Weber

1996-01-01

28

Scientific evaluations of citation quality of international research articles in the SCI database: Thailand case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Quantitative and qualitative scientific evaluations of the research performance of Thai researchers were carried out with\\u000a regards to their international publications and citations in four different subject categories; namely Clinical Medicine,\\u000a Chemistry, Material Sciences, and Engineering. This work used citations to publications of Thai researchers in the Science\\u000a Citation Index (SCI) database during 1998-2002 as a data source. The calculations

Narongrit Sombatsompop; Apisit Kositchaiyong; Teerasak Markpin; Sekson Inrit

2006-01-01

29

Method Research Study 3, Demand Analyses. An Evaluation of Analytical Methods for Water and Wastewater.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the study the demand parameters, chemical oxygen demand, total organic carbon, and biochemical oxygen demand, were tested to measure the accuracy and precision of the selected methods used in participating laboratories. The evaluation of results also p...

J. A. Winter

1971-01-01

30

Using the Internet for Speech Research: An Evaluative Study Examining Affect in Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet has rarely been used in auditory perception studies due to concerns about standardisation and calibration across different systems and settings. However, not all auditory research is based on the investigation of fine-grained differences in auditory thresholds. Where meaningful "real-world" listening, for instance the perception of…

Knoll, Monja A.; Uther, Maria; Costall, Alan

2011-01-01

31

Evaluation: Two Studies of SCSD Schools. Building Systems Information Clearinghouse Research Report Number Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first evaluative study is a survey of user -- student and teacher -- response to the School Construction Systems Development (SCSD) schools and to elements of the SCSD building system. Results of the 3,000 person survey are presented both as comparative findings for the 11 SCSD schools involved and as response profiles for each of the schools.…

Building Systems Information Clearinghouse, Menlo Park, CA.

32

A Participatory Action Research Pilot Study of Urban Health Disparities Using Rapid Assessment Response and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Healthy People 2010 made it a priority to eliminate health disparities. We used a rapid assessment response and evaluation (RARE) to launch a program of participatory action research focused on health disparities in an urban, disadvantaged Black community serviced by a major south Florida health center. We formed partnerships with community members, identified local health disparities, and guided interventions targeting health disparities. We describe the RARE structure used to triangulate data sources and guide intervention plans as well as findings and conclusions drawn from scientific literature and epidemiological, historic, planning, clinical, and ethnographic data. Disenfranchisement and socioeconomic deprivation emerged as the principal determinants of local health disparities and the most appropriate targets for intervention.

Brown, David Richard; Hernandez, Agueda; Saint-Jean, Gilbert; Evans, Sian; Tafari, Ida; Brewster, Luther G.; Celestin, Michel J.; Gomez-Estefan, Carlos; Regalado, Fernando; Akal, Siri; Nierenberg, Barry; Kauschinger, Elaine D.; Schwartz, Robert; Page, J. Bryan

2008-01-01

33

Teacher Evaluation. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The No Child Left Behind emphasis on teacher quality and its relationship to student achievement has made teacher evaluation an area of increased concern for today's high school principal. Numerous problems associated with the evaluation of teachers have been cited in the literature, including lack of agreement on what constitutes good teaching,…

Marx, Gary E.

2007-01-01

34

Research Strategies for Evaluating Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents papers given at several conferences of Naval Training research personnel, consultants, and investigators from Washington University of St. Louis who were under contract with the Office of Naval Research to develop and test strategies for evaluating training. Part I covers basic issues in training research--learning ability;…

DuBois, Philip H., Ed.; Mayo, G. Douglas, Ed.

35

Evaluating a team-based approach to research capacity building using a matched-pairs study design  

PubMed Central

Background There is a continuing need for research capacity building initiatives for primary health care professionals. Historically strategies have focused on interventions aimed at individuals but more recently theoretical frameworks have proposed team-based approaches. Few studies have evaluated these new approaches. This study aims to evaluate a team-based approach to research capacity building (RCB) in primary health using a validated quantitative measure of research capacity in individual, team and organisation domains. Methods A non-randomised matched-pairs trial design was used to evaluate the impact of a multi-strategy research capacity building intervention. Four intervention teams recruited from one health service district were compared with four control teams from outside the district, matched on service role and approximate size. All were multi-disciplinary allied health teams with a primary health care role. Random-effects mixed models, adjusting for the potential clustering effect of teams, were used to determine the significance of changes in mean scores from pre- to post-intervention. Comparisons of intervention versus control groups were made for each of the three domains: individual, team and organisation. The Individual Domain measures the research skills of the individual, whereas Team and Organisation Domains measure the team/organisation's capacity to support and foster research, including research culture. Results In all three domains (individual, team and organisation) there were no occasions where improvements were significantly greater for the control group (comprising the four control teams, n = 32) compared to the intervention group (comprising the four intervention teams, n = 37) either in total domain score or domain item scores. However, the intervention group had a significantly greater improvement in adjusted scores for the Individual Domain total score and for six of the fifteen Individual Domain items, and to a lesser extent with Team and Organisation Domains (two items in the Team and one in the Organisation domains). Conclusions A team-based approach to RCB resulted in considerable improvements in research skills held by individuals for the intervention group compared to controls; and some improvements in the team and organisation's capacity to support research. More strategies targeted at team and organisation research-related policies and procedures may have resulted in increased improvements in these domains.

2012-01-01

36

Impact of Referral Source and Study Applicants' Preference for Randomly Assigned Service on Research Enrollment, Service Engagement, and Evaluative Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objective The inability to blind research participants to their experimental conditions is the Achilles’ heel of mental health services research. When one experimental condition receives more disappointed participants, or more satisfied participants, research findings can be biased in spite of random assignment. The authors explored the potential for research participants’ preference for one experimental program over another to compromise the generalizability and validity of randomized controlled service evaluations as well as cross-study comparisons. Method Three Cox regression analyses measured the impact of applicants’ service assignment preference on research project enrollment, engagement in assigned services, and a service-related outcome, competitive employment. Results A stated service preference, referral by an agency with a low level of continuity in outpatient care, and willingness to switch from current services were significant positive predictors of research enrollment. Match to service assignment preference was a significant positive predictor of service engagement, and mismatch to assignment preference was a significant negative predictor of both service engagement and employment outcome. Conclusions Referral source type and service assignment preference should be routinely measured and statistically controlled for in all studies of mental health service effectiveness to provide a sound empirical base for evidence-based practice.

Macias, Cathaleene; Barreira, Paul; Hargreaves, William; Bickman, Leonard; Fisher, William; Aronson, Elliot

2009-01-01

37

Talk, trust and time: a longitudinal study evaluating knowledge translation and exchange processes for research on violence against women  

PubMed Central

Background Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem. Translation of VAW research to policy and practice is an area that remains understudied, but provides the opportunity to examine knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) processes in a complex, multi-stakeholder context. In a series of studies including two randomized trials, the McMaster University VAW Research Program studied one key research gap: evidence about the effectiveness of screening women for exposure to intimate partner violence. This project developed and evaluated KTE strategies to share research findings with policymakers, health and community service providers, and women's advocates. Methods A longitudinal cross-sectional design, applying concurrent mixed data collection methods (surveys, interviews, and focus groups), was used to evaluate the utility of specific KTE strategies, including a series of workshops and a day-long Family Violence Knowledge Exchange Forum, on research sharing, uptake, and use. Results Participants valued the opportunity to meet with researchers, provide feedback on key messages, and make personal connections with other stakeholders. A number of factors specific to the knowledge itself, stakeholders' contexts, and the nature of the knowledge gap being addressed influenced the uptake, sharing, and use of the research. The types of knowledge use changed across time, and were specifically related to both the types of decisions being made, and to stage of decision making; most reported use was conceptual or symbolic, with few examples of instrumental use. Participants did report actively sharing the research findings with their own networks. Further examination of these second-order knowledge-sharing processes is required, including development of appropriate methods and measures for its assessment. Some participants reported that they would not use the research evidence in their decision making when it contradicted professional experiences, while others used it to support apparently contradictory positions. The online wiki-based 'community of interest' requested by participants was not used. Conclusions Mobilizing knowledge in the area of VAW practice and policy is complex and resource-intensive, and must acknowledge and respect the values of identified knowledge users, while balancing the objectivity of the research and researchers. This paper provides important lessons learned about these processes, including attending to the potential unintended consequences of knowledge sharing.

2011-01-01

38

Evaluating global technology transfer research performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology transfer is one of the most important fields in research and development of new products and new technology knowledge services, technology transfer also one of key issues in knowledge economics era. This study evaluates the global technology transfer development trend of research for the past sixteen years and provides insights into the characteristics of technology transfer research activities to

James K. C. Chen; Wen-Hong Chiu; Stacy F. L. Kong; Leo Y. T. Lin

2010-01-01

39

Art-Based Evaluation in Research Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study uses art to evaluate an all day seminar for graduate students on research methods, to explore students' feelings about research concepts, and to foster understanding of these concepts. Results suggest that the seminar was able to reduce most participants' anxiety about research without a loss of creativity and energy. (Author/GCP)|

Julliard, Kell N.; Gujral, Jeetinder Kaur; Hamil, Sarah W.; Oswald, Elaine; Smyk, Amy; Testa, Nicole

2000-01-01

40

Voice communication research evaluation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft voice communications may be degraded by a variety of sources such as electrical and\\/or acoustical noise, radio interference, jamming and various other forms of distraction. The Voice Communication Research and Evaluation System, located in the Biodynamics and Bioengineering Division of the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, has been developed for the comprehensive analysis and enhancement of operational voice communication. The

R. L. McKinley

1980-01-01

41

Hyperacuity test to evaluate vision through dense cataracts: research preliminary to a clinical study in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using high luminance point-of-light stimuli, Vernier judgments can be made in the presence of markedly degraded retinal imagery. Without coaching, observers perform center-of-gravity assessments of relative locations of degraded point images. We seek to defined, presurgery, individuals who will derive the most benefit from advanced cataract removal (a form of triage), and to determine which of two cataractous eyes has the better postsurgical visual prognosis. There are incredible and growing backlogs of patients with severe cataracts (and other dense media opacities) in the developing world, and generally, limited resources are available for provision of health care. Postcataract surgical failure rates for good visual function are often high, and only one eye is operated on in over 95% of indigent patients treated. Prior to initiating advanced studies in the developing world, at Berkeley we conducted preliminary research on Vernier acuity test techniques on normal adult subjects. We sought to determine the number of repeat trials necessary; to compare a two-point and a three-point Vernier display; to determine the shape of the measured response function at large gap separations between test points (required when testing advanced cataract patients); to assess the effect(s) of a broad range of uncorrected refractive errors on outcomes; and to consider means to minimize refraction-based errors. From these and prior data and analyses, we defined a protocol for use in the developing world. Using a newly designed and rugged precision instrument, these tests were repeated on an advanced cataract population at Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, India. Although we had much prior experience in India, the initial protocol required major revision on site. Necessary changes in test methods and analytical approaches were made, and next stages in this program were planned. And a new and simple gap `visual acuity' (gap `VA') test was added to the protocol, which greatly facilitated the outcome. The presented material is of interest for several reasons: The health care problems addressed are of considerable social and economic importance; it is valuable to compare the initial protocol and instrument defined in Berkeley and the resultant protocol and instrument designs that finally evolved in India; and the difficulties encountered when seeking to adapt what we thought were simple techniques to patient populations and technical personnel in a `small town setting' (ca. 1 million inhabitants in Madurai alone) in rural south India, are worthy of note. We point out that the Aravind Eye Hospital is an ophthalmological exemplar in the developing world.

Enoch, Jay M.; Giraldez, Maria J.; Huang, Doahua; Hirose, Hiroshi; Knowles, Richard A.; Namperumalsamy, P.; LaBree, Lauri; Azen, Stanley P.

1995-03-01

42

Evaluating Translational Research: A Process Marker Model  

PubMed Central

Objective We examine the concept of translational research from the perspective of evaluators charged with assessing translational efforts. One of the major tasks for evaluators involved in translational research is to help assess efforts that aim to reduce the time it takes to move research to practice and health impacts. Another is to assess efforts that are intended to increase the rate and volume of translation. Methods We offer an alternative to the dominant contemporary tendency to define translational research in terms of a series of discrete “phases.” Results We contend that this phased approach has been confusing and counterproductive and that it is insufficient as a basis for evaluation. Instead, we argue for the identification of key operational and measureable markers along a generalized process pathway from research to practice. Conclusions This model provides a foundation for the evaluation of interventions designed to improve translational research and the integration of these findings into a field of translational studies.

Trochim, William; Kane, Cathleen; Graham, Mark; Pincus, Harold Alan

2011-01-01

43

Research Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of case studies, developed to enhance a Trinity College Summer Research Program, raises provocative ethical questions of interest to scientists, teachers and students involved in research.

Alison J. Draper (Trinity College;); Sharon Stickley (St. Joseph College;)

2010-05-28

44

Using Evaluation Results for Improving Teaching Practice: A Research Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study portrays how a male instructor, his peers, and the department head used feedback from student ratings. A case study approach was employed to provide a holistic mode of inquiry that would be consonant with the exploration of issues addressed by the study. The method selected provided understanding of the process and events taking place…

Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.; Stake, Robert E.

2012-01-01

45

The Eight-Year Study: From Evaluative Research to Demonstration Project, 1930-1940  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From 1932 to 1940, the Progressive Education Association (PEA) conducted its Eight-Year Study. At first, the study appeared to be a poorly funded comparison of two groups of students in secondary schools. During the last four years, as more financial support became available, the Eight-Year Study became a broadly based demonstration of a wide…

Watras, Joseph

2006-01-01

46

Pre-Purchase Counseling Outcome Study: Research Brief. Housing Counseling Outcome Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the findings from the Pre-Purchase Counseling Outcomes Study. In the fall of 2009, the study enrolled a sample of 573 individuals seeking pre-purchase counseling services from 1 of 15 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (...

A. Jefferson J. Turnham

2012-01-01

47

Involving Employers in Training: Case Studies. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-J.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains in-depth descriptions and assessments of 17 exemplary employer-based training (EBT) programs that were studied as part of an examination of EBT programs. The case studies are based on site visits to each firm, during which interviews were conducted with company management, supervisors of workers in training, individuals…

Isbell, Kellie; Trutko, John W.; Barnow, Burt S.; Nightengale, Demetra; Pindus, Nancy

48

National Job Corps Study: Report on the Process Analysis. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents results of a process analysis that describes and documents Job Corps services and operations. Chapter one provides overviews of Job Corps, the national Job Corps study, and the process analysis. Chapter two describes the administrative structure of Job Corps and presents data on the geographic distribution and characteristics…

Johnson, Terry; Gritz, Mark; Jackson, Russell; Burghardt, John; Boussy, Carol; Leonard, Jan; Orians, Carlyn

49

Prototype Solar House. Study of the Scientific Evaluation and Feasibility of a Research and Development Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary study was undertaken before a large scale project for construction and survey of about a hundred solar houses was launched. The notion of solar house was defined and the use of solar energy (hot water preparation, heating of rooms, heating o...

V. Bundschuh J. W. Grueter M. Kleemann M. Melis H. J. Stein

1982-01-01

50

Evaluation Research on Social Work Interventions: A Study on the Impact of Social Worker Staffing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of social worker staffing on depression and health-related quality of life (QOL) of end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Social workers in most dialysis units work a 5-day week. Patients are usually dialyzed three times per week. Patients on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule have access to their social worker 3 days a week, while the Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday

Joan Beder

2008-01-01

51

Economic evaluation of Australian acute care accreditation (ACCREDIT-CBA (Acute)): study protocol for a mixed-method research project  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Accreditation Collaborative for the Conduct of Research, Evaluation and Designated Investigations through Teamwork—Cost–Benefit Analysis (ACCREDIT-CBA (Acute)) study is designed to determine and make explicit the costs and benefits of Australian acute care accreditation and to determine the effectiveness of acute care accreditation in improving patient safety and quality of care. The cost–benefit analysis framework will be provided in the form of an interactive model for industry partners, health regulators and policy makers, accreditation agencies and acute care service providers. Methods and design The study will use a mixed-method approach to identify, quantify and monetise the costs and benefits of accreditation. Surveys, expert panels, focus groups, interviews and primary and secondary data analysis will be used in cross-sectional and case study designs. Ethics and dissemination The University of New South Wales Human Research Ethics Committee has approved this project (approval number HREC 10274). The results of the study will be reported via peer-reviewed publications, conferences and seminar resentations and will form part of a doctoral thesis.

Mumford, Virginia; Greenfield, David; Hinchcliff, Reece; Moldovan, Max; Forde, Kevin; Westbrook, Johanna I; Braithwaite, Jeffrey

2013-01-01

52

Measuring Law for Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and…

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

2010-01-01

53

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH TO CONDUCT LIFE-CYCLE STUDY TO EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives an overview of, the schedule for outputs from, and the potential applications of research to use life-cycle assessment (LCA) principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (MSW) management options...

54

University Performance Evaluation: The Business Of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines the impact of national research assessment exercises for the visual arts discipline in a university structure. It encompasses issues of evaluation, benchmarking, performance management, performance indicators and explanatory factors. We find that whilst the definition of research is broad enough to include most of the activities of visual arts academia. The actual operationalisation of the measurement models

Brenda Ridgewell

2005-01-01

55

Case Study Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Case study research aims to explore and depict a setting with a view to advancing understanding. This note explores the dimensions of case study research in higher education, with special reference to geographical fieldwork. It explores Stake's three categories of case study research: intrinsic, instrumental and collective. It provides guidelines…

Cousin, Glynis

2005-01-01

56

Case Study Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study research aims to explore and depict a setting with a view to advancing understanding. This note explores the dimensions of case study research in higher education, with special reference to geographical fieldwork. It explores Stake's three categories of case study research: intrinsic, instrumental and collective. It provides guidelines…

Cousin, Glynis

2005-01-01

57

Youth Participation in Community Evaluation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should young people participate in community evaluation research and, if so, what roles should they play? We believe that youth participation is desirable, but that it remains relatively undeveloped as a field of practice or subject of study. For this reason, this paper provides perspective on the increasing involvement by young people, identifies the participation patterns and evaluation roles of

Barry Checkoway; Katie Richards-Schuster

2003-01-01

58

Youth Participation in Community Evaluation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Should young people participate in community evaluation research and, if so, what roles should they play? We believe that youth participation is desirable, but that it remains relatively undevel- oped as a field of practice or subject of study. For this reason, this paper provides perspective on the increasing involvement by young people, identifies the participation patterns and evaluation

Barry Checkoway; Katie Richards-Schuster

2009-01-01

59

Evaluation of Risk Factors for Severe Pneumonia in Children: The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Study  

PubMed Central

As a case-control study of etiology, the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) project also provides an opportunity to assess the risk factors for severe pneumonia in hospitalized children at 7 sites. We identified relevant risk factors by literature review and iterative expert consultation. Decisions for inclusion in PERCH were based on comparability to published data, analytic plans, data collection costs and logistic feasibility, including interviewer time and subject fatigue. We aimed to standardize questions at all sites, but significant variation in the economic, cultural, and geographic characteristics of sites made it difficult to obtain this objective. Despite these challenges, the depth of the evaluation of multiple risk factors across the breadth of the PERCH sites should furnish new and valuable information about the major risk factors for childhood severe and very severe pneumonia, including risk factors for pneumonia caused by specific etiologies, in developing countries.

Deloria-Knoll, Maria; Feikin, Daniel R.; DeLuca, Andrea N.; Driscoll, Amanda J.; Moisi, Jennifer C.; Johnson, Hope L.; Murdoch, David R.; O'Brien, Katherine L.; Levine, Orin S.; Scott, J. Anthony G.

2012-01-01

60

Development and evaluation of the modiolar research array - multi-centre collaborative study in human temporal bones  

PubMed Central

Objective Multi-centre collaborative study to develop and refine the design of a prototype thin perimodiolar cochlear implant electrode array and to assess feasibility for use in human subjects. Study Design Multi-centre temporal bone insertion studies. Materials and Methods The modiolar research array (MRA) is a thin pre-curved electrode that is held straight for initial insertion with an external sheath rather than an internal stylet. Between November 2006 and February 2009, six iterations of electrode design were studied in 21 separate insertion studies in which 140 electrode insertions were performed in 85 human temporal bones by 12 surgeons. These studies aimed at addressing four fundamental questions related to the electrode concept, being: (1) Could a sheath result in additional intra-cochlear trauma? (2) Could a sheath accommodate variations in cochlea size and anatomies? (3) Could a sheath be inserted via the round window? and (4) Could a sheath be safely removed once the electrode had been inserted? These questions were investigated within these studies using a number of evaluation techniques, including X-ray and microfluoroscopy, acrylic fixation and temporal bone histologic sectioning, temporal bone microdissection of cochlear structures with electrode visualization, rotational tomography, and insertion force analysis. Results Frequent examples of electrode rotation and tip fold-over were demonstrated with the initial designs. This was typically caused by excessive curvature of the electrode tip, and also difficulty in handling of the electrode and sheath. The degree of tip curvature was progressively relaxed in subsequent versions with a corresponding reduction in the frequency of tip fold-over. Modifications to the sheath facilitated electrode insertion and sheath removal. Insertion studies with the final MRA design demonstrated minimal trauma, excellent perimodiolar placement, and very small electrode dimensions within scala tympani. Force measurements in temporal bones demonstrated negligible force on cochlear structures with angular insertion depths of between 390 and 450°. Conclusion The MRA is a novel, very thin perimodiolar prototype electrode array that has been developed using a systematic collaborative approach. The different evaluation techniques employed by the investigators contributed to the early identification of issues and generation of solutions. Regarding the four fundamental questions related to the electrode concept, the studies demonstrated that (1) the sheath did not result in additional intra-cochlear trauma; (2) the sheath could accommodate variations in cochlea size and anatomies; (3) the sheath was more successfully inserted via a cochleostomy than via the round window; and (4) the sheath could be safely removed once the electrode had been inserted.

Briggs, Robert J S; Tykocinski, Michael; Lazsig, Roland; Aschendorff, Antje; Lenarz, Thomas; Stover, Timo; Fraysse, Bernard; Marx, Mathieu; Roland, J Thomas; Roland, Peter S; Wright, Charles G; Gantz, Bruce J; Patrick, James F; Risi, Frank

2011-01-01

61

Contribution of Genome-Wide Association Studies to Scientific Research: A Pragmatic Approach to Evaluate Their Impact  

PubMed Central

The factual value of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for the understanding of multifactorial diseases is a matter of intense debate. Practical consequences for the development of more effective therapies do not seem to be around the corner. Here we propose a pragmatic and objective evaluation of how much new biology is arising from these studies, with particular attention to the information that can help prioritize therapeutic targets. We chose multiple sclerosis (MS) as a paradigm disease and assumed that, in pre-GWAS candidate-gene studies, the knowledge behind the choice of each gene reflected the understanding of the disease prior to the advent of GWAS. Importantly, this knowledge was based mainly on non-genetic, phenotypic grounds. We performed single-gene and pathway-oriented comparisons of old and new knowledge in MS by confronting an unbiased list of candidate genes in pre-GWAS association studies with those genes exceeding the genome-wide significance threshold in GWAS published from 2007 on. At the single gene level, the majority (94 out of 125) of GWAS-discovered variants had never been contemplated as plausible candidates in pre-GWAS association studies. The 31 genes that were present in both pre- and post-GWAS lists may be of particular interest in that they represent disease-associated variants whose pathogenetic relevance is supported at the phenotypic level (i.e. the phenotypic information that steered their selection as candidate genes in pre-GWAS association studies). As such they represent attractive therapeutic targets. Interestingly, our analysis shows that some of these variants are targets of pharmacologically active compounds, including drugs that are already registered for human use. Compared with the above single-gene analysis, at the pathway level GWAS results appear more coherent with previous knowledge, reinforcing some of the current views on MS pathogenesis and related therapeutic research. This study presents a pragmatic approach that helps interpret and exploit GWAS knowledge.

Germinario, Lorenzo; Alma, Eleonora; Briani, Martina; Di Segni, Noemi; Montesanti, Dalma; Pierelli, Giorgia; Cancrini, Fabiana; Lomonaco, Cristiano; Grassi, Francesca; Palmieri, Gabriella; Salvetti, Marco

2013-01-01

62

Enhancing Research Capacity for Global Health: Evaluation of a Distance-Based Program for International Study Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Due to the increasing number of clinical trials conducted globally, there is a need for quality continuing education for health professionals in clinical research manager (CRM) roles. This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a distance-based continuing education program for CRMs working outside the…

Wilson, Lynda Law; Rice, Marti; Jones, Carolynn T.; Joiner, Cynthia; LaBorde, Jennifer; McCall, Kimberly; Jester, Penelope M.; Carter, Sheree C.; Boone, Chrissy; Onwuzuligbo, Uzoma; Koneru, Alaya

2013-01-01

63

An Evaluation of Antarctic Marine Ecosystem Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Research Council's Polar Research Board published An Evaluation of Antarctic Marine Ecosystem Research, the report of a committee it established jointly with the Ocean Sciences Board to consider research opportunities in the Southern Ocean, t...

1981-01-01

64

Evaluating Impact. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers in this collection address issues related to participatory approaches to assessing impact. The first section, "What Is an Impact Study and How Should We Do It?" contains: (1) "Participatory Impact Assessment" (John Shotton); (2) "Participatory Action Research as an Approach to Impact Assessment" (Victoria McKay); (3) "Participatory…

McKay, Veronica, Ed.; Treffgarne, Carew, Ed.

65

Voice communication research evaluation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aircraft voice communications may be degraded by a variety of sources such as electrical and/or acoustical noise, radio interference, jamming and various other forms of distraction. The Voice Communication Research and Evaluation System, located in the Biodynamics and Bioengineering Division of the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, has been developed for the comprehensive analysis and enhancement of operational voice communication. The basic system is comprised of a multi-station voice communication network consisting of the USAF standard aircraft intercommunication system, a standard A-19 diluter-demand oxygen regulation system and an on line computer data collection and data analysis system that displays results in real time. The system is housed in a large reverberation chamber containing a programmable sound source capable of reproducing the spectrum and level of any AF operational noise environment. Standardized voice communication effectiveness test materials are used to assess the performance of any aspect of the total voice communication link, however, emphasis is usually placed upon the performance of the aircrew members. This paper will descibe the salient features of this unique system and provide examples of its application to voice communication problems.

McKinley, R. L.

1980-05-01

66

Evaluation of Rocket Research Company's Plasma Torch for NOx Reduction Studies CRADA PC93-001, Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Combustion and Environmental Research Facility (CERF) formerly known as The Fuel Evaluation Facility was used from March 29 to April 17, 1993 for the sole purpose of evaluating the Rocket Research (RR) plasma torch and testing its effectiveness in reducing NO{sub x} emissions from coal flames. Two spare facility convective sections were modified to accept the torch and to allow for effective mixing in the convective section chambers. The torch was placed into the fourth convective section and a 1-inch fused silica bluff body was placed immediately upstream of the torch to further enhance the mixing at the torch injection location. The gases anticipated for use during testing included ammonia (NH{sub 3}) , hydrogen (H{sub 2}) , carbon monoxide (CO), and methane (CH{sub 4}). Ammonia and hydrogen were planned as the gases which would be introduced through the torch directly while CO and CH{sub 4} would be used only in the torch secondary injection ring. The intent was to minimize any potential fouling problems with the carbon containing gases. Actual test conditions did not allow evaluation of the CO or the CH{sub 4} due to continued intermittent operation of the Rocket Research plasma torch. The torch had not been previously tested under conditions similar to the high temperature condition of the CERF and consequently it was found that the torch would not operate effectively under the test conditions. The torch using NH{sub 3} and H{sub 2} as primary and secondary gases has evaluated for short periods of time.

NONE

1999-01-01

67

Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research aims to address questions concerned with developing an understanding of the meaning and experience dimensions of humans’ lives and social worlds. Central to good qualitative research is whether the research participants’ subjective meanings, actions and social contexts, as understood by them, are illuminated. This paper aims to provide beginning researchers, and those unfamiliar with qualitative research, with an

Ellie Fossey; Carol Harvey; Fiona Mcdermott; Larry Davidson

2002-01-01

68

Internet-based patient education and support interventions: a review of evaluation studies and directions for future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet provides patients, families, and health providers with unparalleled opportunities to learn, inform, and communicate with one another. This paper is a review of studies that have evaluated the impact of professionally facilitated Internet-based programs for diverse clinical populations on health outcomes, utilization, and user satisfaction. The findings suggest that some outcomes in certain groups can be moderately improved

Huong Q. Nguyen; Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman; Sally H. Rankin; Robert Slaughter; Michael S. Stulbarg

2004-01-01

69

Evaluation Study on Simulation CAL in the Science Faculty of the Open University. CAL REsearch Group Technical Report No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes evaluations of two courses which were conducted, primarily through participant observation, in 1981. A general introduction looks at simulation in computer assisted learning (CAL) and at use of simulation CAL in the Open University science faculty. The first study discussed was based largely on a tutor's observations of…

Murphy, P. J.; And Others

70

Project Change Evaluation Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project Change is a community-driven anti-racism initiative operating in four communities: Albuquerque, New Mexico; El Paso, Texas; Knoxville, Tennessee; and Valdosta, Georgia. The formative evaluation of Project Change began in 1994 when all of the sites were still in planning or early action phases. Findings from the summative evaluation will…

Leiderman, Sally A.; Dupree, David M.

71

Youth Participation in Community Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides perspective on the increasing involvement of young people in community evaluation research, identifies participation patterns and evaluation roles of young people, and draws conclusions from empirically based practice. (SLD)|

Ckeckoway, Barry; Richards-Schuster, Katie

2003-01-01

72

Feminist research: definitions, methodology, methods and evaluation.  

PubMed

The literature relating to feminist research both within and beyond nursing is reviewed in this paper. Feminist research is located within a post-positivist paradigm, and various definitions are considered. The distinctive methodological approach of feminist research is discussed, and interviewing and ethnography are evaluated as suitable methods for use in feminist research. Oakley's (1981) paper on interviewing women is subjected to criticism. A final section examines attempts by three sets of writers to propose evaluation criteria for feminist research. The review concludes that a number of paradoxes and dilemmas in feminist research have yet to be resolved. PMID:8450137

Webb, C

1993-03-01

73

Accelerator research studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER-40642, is currently in the first year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK 1, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams; TASK 2, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams; TASK 3, Study of a Gyroklystron High-power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders. In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

74

Accelerator research studies  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the second year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams,'' (P.I., M. Reiser); TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams,'' (Co-P.I.'s, W.W. Destler, M. Reiser, M.J. Rhee, and C.D. Striffler); TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-Power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders,'' (Co-P.I.'s, V.L. Granatstein, W. Lawson, M. Reiser, and C.D. Striffler). In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

Not Available

1993-01-01

75

Accelerator research studies  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the first year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams, TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams; TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders. In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

Not Available

1992-01-01

76

The risk-benefit task of research ethics committees: An evaluation of current approaches and the need to incorporate decision studies methods  

PubMed Central

Background Research ethics committees (RECs) are tasked to assess the risks and the benefits of a trial. Currently, two procedure-level approaches are predominant, the Net Risk Test and the Component Analysis. Discussion By looking at decision studies, we see that both procedure-level approaches conflate the various risk-benefit tasks, i.e., risk-benefit assessment, risk-benefit evaluation, risk treatment, and decision making. This conflation makes the RECs’ risk-benefit task confusing, if not impossible. We further realize that RECs are not meant to do all the risk-benefit tasks; instead, RECs are meant to evaluate risks and benefits, appraise risk treatment suggestions, and make the final decision. Conclusion As such, research ethics would benefit from looking beyond the procedure-level approaches and allowing disciplines like decision studies to be involved in the discourse on RECs’ risk-benefit task.

2012-01-01

77

Formative Evaluation Research in Campaign Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public communication campaigns have achieved a mixed record of effective­ ness in influencing health and prosocial behavior, as reflected by the array of cases cited in this book. A key determinant of success is the development of sophisticated strategies based on formative evaluation research. Evaluation research seeks to answer questions about target audiences for a program or campaign, encompassing the

Charles K. Atkin; Vicki S. Freimuth

78

Evaluative Criteria for Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: Whose Criteria and Whose Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines various criteria that have been proposed for evaluating the increasing number of empirical studies carried out using qualitative research methods and demonstrates how such criteria may privilege certain forms of qualitative research while excluding others. Select existing evaluative criteria for qualitative research proposed by applied…

Lazaraton, Anne

2003-01-01

79

Evaluative Criteria for Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: Whose Criteria and Whose Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines various criteria that have been proposed for evaluating the increasing number of empirical studies carried out using qualitative research methods and demonstrates how such criteria may privilege certain forms of qualitative research while excluding others. Select existing evaluative criteria for qualitative research proposed by applied…

Lazaraton, Anne

2003-01-01

80

A System Design for Evaluating Vocational Education Research and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This feasibility study contains a design for evaluating vocational education research and development (R & D). The study developed a model for evaluating vocational education R & D based on legislative frames of reference for research, exemplary projects, and curriculum development. Called an Impact Tracer Model, the program is based on…

Hull, William L.; Adams, Kay A.

81

The Climate Change Collection: A Case Study on Digital Library Collection Review and the Integration of Research, Education and Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Designed as an pilot project to assess the scientific and pedagogical quality of selected digital resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE), the Climate Change Collection is thematic collection of digital resources relating to the topic of global climate change. Developed through the collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary review team made up of professionals from the fields of climate research, geoscience education, cognitive psychology, and evaluation, the findings of the project suggest that the user needs of the reviewers should be considered in any review process, that there is inherent value in the collaboration of scientists, teachers and related fields in determining the quality of particular resources, and that the process of preparing for and conducting such reviews and annotations is time-consuming and challenging. Drawing from the experience of prior collection development efforts associated with DLESE, including the Community Review System and the Digital Water Education Library, the Climate Change Collection was developed during the Fall of 2004 and Winter of 2005. Through a series of monthly meetings with the review team facilitated by the Principal Investigator acting as Editor for the collection, and assisted by an online workspace known as a SWIKI, the Climate Change Collection was designed as an experiment in streamlined collection development that may help inform future digital library review and collection-building efforts. The initial meetings focused on training the reviewers, setting context for the review process, and discussing the perspectives of the various participants in the review team. Each participant received a stipend for their involvement in the process. A rubric "scorecard" was developed, tested, and fine-tuned by the review team with a focus primarily on scientific accuracy and the potential for effective use in the classroom. Specific concepts relating to aspects of natural climate variability and human impacts on the climate system were examined, with existing resources cataloged within DLESE being the primary materials reviewed. Each complete "scorecard" review, is posted on the web, and is accessible through a summary review that highlights the overall rating from the reviewers and key annotations of the reviewers, including suggestions on classroom use of the resource.

McCaffrey, M.

2005-05-01

82

Diagnostic and economic evaluation of new biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease: the research protocol of a prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Doc number: 72 Abstract Background: New research criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have recently been developed to enable an early diagnosis of AD pathophysiology by relying on emerging biomarkers. To enable efficient allocation of health care resources, evidence is needed to support decision makers on the adoption of emerging biomarkers in clinical practice. The research goals are

Handels R. L; Aalten P; Wolfs C. A. G; M. G. M. Olde Rikkert; P. Scheltens; Visser P. J; M. A. Joore; J. L. Severens; Verhey F. R. J

2012-01-01

83

Model evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) sponsors an ongoing series of atmospheric field studies whose main objectives are to increase fundamental knowledge of atmospheric transport and dispersion. This knowledge is used to develop technologies and methodologies required for both air quality assessments and real-time emergency response. These field studies have ranged from point releases of tracers in relatively simple terrain, to intensive field studies in extremely complex terrain. Scales have ranged from the mesoscale to the synoptic. This paper will give an overview of several DOE/OHER sponsored field experiments with particular emphasis on the role they have played in helping to improve and evaluate real-time atmospheric transport and dispersion models. The Mesoscale Atmospheric Transport Studies (MATS) and STable Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment (STABLE), conducted at Savannah River Site in South Carolina, have provided valuable data for model evaluation over gently rolling forested terrain. In contrast, the extensive series of Atmospheric Studies in COmplex Terrain (ASCOT) involve experiments in the extremely complex terrain of the Geysers area of northern California and Brush Creek in Colorado. Remote sensing has played a significant role in ASCOT in providing meteorological parameters for input into models. The vital role played by models in the initial design of these experiments will also be discussed. 41 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Addis, R.P.; Bunker, S.S.; Dobosy, R.J.; Lange, R.; Porch, W.M. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (USA); Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Oak Ridge, TN (USA). Air Resources Lab. Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Div.; Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA); Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1989-01-01

84

Photovoltaic evaluation study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Realizing the value and potential of PV-power as well as the growing need for increased cooperation and sharing of knowledge in the field of photovoltaics, FINNIDA and UNICEF decided to undertake a study of selected PV-projects. There were two main objectives for the study: To gather, compile, evaluate and share information on the photovoltaic technology appropriate to developing countries, and to promote the interest and competence of Finnish research institutes, consultants and manufacturers in photovoltaic development. For this purpose a joint evaluation of significant, primarily UN-supported projects providing for the basic needs of rural communities was undertaken. The Gambia and Kenya offered a variety of such projects, and were chosen as target countries for the study. The projects were chosen to be both comparable and complimentary. In the Gambia, the main subject was a partially integrated health and telecommunications project, but a long-operating drinking water pumping system was also studied. In Kenya, a health project in the Turkana area was examined, and also a large scale water pumping installation for fish farming. Field visits were made in order to verify and supplement the data gathered through document research and earlier investigations. Individual data gathering sheets for the project form the core of this study and are intended to give the necessary information in an organized and accessible format. The findings could practically be condensed into one sentence: PV-systems work very well, if properly designed and installed, but the resources and requirements of the recipients must be considered to a higher degree.

Johnson, G.; Heikkilae, M.; Melasuo, T.; Spanner, S.

85

Further Studies on the Evaluation of Internal Efficiency of Educational Systems: A Symposium. Current Surveys and Research in Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes some of the work of the UNESCO Division of Statistics on Education on the evaluation of the internal efficiency of educational systems that followed from the 1970 International Conference on Education. The first section contains a brief summary of the conclusions of the "Expert Meeting on the Evaluation of Internal…

Hellwig, Z.; And Others

86

Evaluation of a Research Mentorship Program in Community Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the results of a qualitative case study evaluating a research mentorship program in community care settings in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of the program was to build evaluation and research capacity among staff of community care agencies through a mentorship program. Data were collected through in-depth, semi-structured…

Ploeg, Jenny; de Witt, Lorna; Hutchison, Brian; Hayward, Lynda; Grayson, Kim

2008-01-01

87

Evaluation of EDA Research Program, 1966-1971.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is an evaluation of EDA's research activities which are carried out by the Office of Economic Research. The methodology is based on three criteria -- quality, dissemination, and utilization. Quality was evaluated through use of a panel of well-k...

1973-01-01

88

Research on the sports information evaluation system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the relevant basis of establishing the sports information evaluation system in reality and theory, and then it expresses the building process of sports information evaluation system. Finally, through studies of the sports information evaluation system, this paper makes a quantitative evaluation for a city's sports information, measures information technology index, evaluate the results of qualitative analysis and

Ying Zhang

2012-01-01

89

Considerations for Evaluating Single-Subject Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considerations for evaluating single subject research in special education include the social validation of treatment goals and effects, the clarity and completeness of treatment descriptions, the generality of treatment results, and component analyses of treatment packages. (Author/CL)|

Deitz, Diane E. D.; And Others

1983-01-01

90

CENTER FOR DRUG EVALUATION AND RESEARCH ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text VersionPage 1. CENTER FOR DRUG EVALUATION AND RESEARCH SPECIAL INTEREST TOPIC TITLE: OFFICE OF GENERIC DRUGS LVP LETTERS ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

91

Action Research and Evaluation On Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Action research consists of a family of research methodologies which pursue action and research outcomes at the same time. Areol, action research and evaluation on line, is a 14-week public course offered each semester as a public service by Southern Cross University and the Southern Cross Institute of Action Research. There are four orientation sessions. The first will give students some idea of the commitment in time that it may take to engage properly in the program. The second overviews the program. The third discusses the setting up of learning groups as an associated activity.

92

Evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies.  

PubMed

Ontologies are now pervasive in biomedicine, where they serve as a means to standardize terminology, to enable access to domain knowledge, to verify data consistency and to facilitate integrative analyses over heterogeneous biomedical data. For this purpose, research on biomedical ontologies applies theories and methods from diverse disciplines such as information management, knowledge representation, cognitive science, linguistics and philosophy. Depending on the desired applications in which ontologies are being applied, the evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies must follow different strategies. Here, we provide a classification of research problems in which ontologies are being applied, focusing on the use of ontologies in basic and translational research, and we demonstrate how research results in biomedical ontologies can be evaluated. The evaluation strategies depend on the desired application and measure the success of using an ontology for a particular biomedical problem. For many applications, the success can be quantified, thereby facilitating the objective evaluation and comparison of research in biomedical ontology. The objective, quantifiable comparison of research results based on scientific applications opens up the possibility for systematically improving the utility of ontologies in biomedical research. PMID:22962340

Hoehndorf, Robert; Dumontier, Michel; Gkoutos, Georgios V

2012-09-01

93

Evaluative studies in nuclear medicine research: emission computed tomography assessment. Final report, January 1December 31, 1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report provides information on an assessment of the potential short and long term benefits of emission computed tomography (ECT) in biomedical research and patient care. Work during the past year has been augmented by the development and use of an opinion survey instrument to reach a wider representation of knowledgeable investigators and users of this technology. This survey instrument

E. J. Potchen; G. I. Harris; D. A. Gift; D. K. Reinhard; J. E. Siebert

1981-01-01

94

Participatory Research, Monitoring & Evaluation: Applications in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the concept of participatory research, monitoring and evaluation and examines its relevance to the field of education. It discusses some of the similarities between a participatory approach to evaluation and a constructivist approach to learning. It then describes a school setting where knowledge building and knowledge sharing practices have been successfully implemented, resulting in a stronger school

Rena Brar Prayaga

95

Research on Evaluation System for Project Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on project success is an eternal issue in project management. It has very important meaning in current social and economical innovation in China. Establishment of reasonable evaluation system can not only deepen cognition of the partner, but also used as reference to the establishment of controlling system of the subsequent project. This paper established longitudinal and lateral evaluation system

Bin Yan; Jia Renfu; Wang Zhuofu

2008-01-01

96

Are Private Prisons More Cost-Effective Than Public Prisons? A Meta-Analysis of Evaluation Research Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to reduce the costs of incarceration to state and federal correctional agencies has allowed the movement to privatize correctional institutions to gain considerable momentum. The empirical evidence regarding whether private prisons are more costeffective than public institutions, however, is inconclusive. To address this question, a meta-analysis was conducted of 33 cost-effectiveness evaluations of private and public prisons from

Travis C. Pratt; Jeff Maahs

1999-01-01

97

Knowledge-Based Approach in Research Projects and Programs Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a result based approach for evaluating research projects and programs is proposed. A results-based approach assures a consistent indicators structure, according to the results chains and a strong connection between ex-ante and ex-post impact evaluation. This approach assures the integration of the research project performance indicators, especially with the research organization policies and strategy. The paper presents the evaluation process of the research projects of the Academy of Economic Studies, based on performance indicators aligned with the results chains and using data mining techniques.

Bodea, Constanta-Nicoleta; Ciobotar, Narcisa; Bodea, Vasile

98

Research on Evaluation Index System of Trusted Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trusted software gains more attentions in recent years by researchers who focus their study on improve the quality of software. In this paper, an approach based on OWG operator to establish evaluation index system for trusted software is presented. Software quality has not been comprehensive evaluation due to lack of integrated evaluation index system. To overcome this challenge, this paper

Shuai Ding; Shanlin Yang

2008-01-01

99

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S FOUR LAB STUDY: TOXICOLOGICCAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS (DBPS) AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES FOR A LARGE U. S. EPA MULTILABORATORY STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Office of Research and Development's Four Lab Study: Toxicological and Chemical Evaluation of Complex Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), and Quality Assurance Activities for a Large U.S. EPA Multilaboratoty Study Thomas J. Hughes, Project and QA Manager, Expe...

100

Evaluation of a 'virtual' approach to commissioning health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a 'virtual' (computer-mediated) approach to health research commissioning. This had been introduced experimentally in a DOH programme – the 'Health of Londoners Programme' – in order to assess whether is could enhance the accessibility, transparency and effectiveness of commissioning health research. The study described here was commissioned to

Christine A McCourt; Philip A Morgan; Penny Youll

2006-01-01

101

Athletic Injury Research Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Treatment of acute ligamentous knee injuries at the U. S. Military Academy; Evaluation of knee meniscal injuries as to causation, treatment, and results of treatment; Recurrent shoulder dislocation and/or subluxation in cadets at the U.S. Milita...

T. L. Shaw

1971-01-01

102

Study of Breakwaters Constructed with One Layer of Armor Stone, Detroit District. Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance and Rehabilitation Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was carried out to provide documentation of the design, construction, repair, rehabilitation, maintenance, environmental loading, and economic history of one layer armor-stone breakwaters in the US Army Engineer District, Detroit, and to presen...

J. R. Wolf

1989-01-01

103

Report of the Energy Research Advisory Board Study Group to Evaluate the Proposed Coal-Gasification Multi-Test Facility (Evaluation of Proposed Large Scale Equipment Test Facilities).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By memorandum from (then) Under Secretary of the Department of Energy Dale Myers dated December 20, 1978 to Dr. John Deutch, the Energy Research Advisory Board (ERAB) was requested to review and comment on the specifications for the proposed Multi-Test Fa...

1979-01-01

104

Evaluating the BK 21 Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Brain Korea 21 program (BK21), an effort to improve Korean universities and research, has attracted a great deal of attention in Korea, producing the need to understand how well the program is meeting its goals. RAND developed a logic model for identifying program goals and dynamics, suggested quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods,…

Seong, Somi; Popper, Steven W.; Goldman, Charles A.; Evans, David K.; Grammich, Clifford A.

2008-01-01

105

Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of papers published in the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" during 2000-2001: (1) "Advantages of Hierarchical Linear Modeling" (Jason W. Osborne); (2) "Prediction in Multiple Regression" (Jason W. Osborne); (3) Scoring Rubrics: What, When, and How?" (Barbara M. Moskal); (4) "Organizational…

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schafer, William D., Ed.

2001-01-01

106

Evaluating the impact of coastal zone activities: An illustration of the evaluation research approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evaluation research approach contains the potential for providing reliable cause and effect statements regarding the impact of social action programs. Although there have been calls for the use of evaluation research in the coastal zone field, it appears that there have been few, if any, such studies that have actually been conducted. We provide an illustration of the use

Robert E. Bowen; Francis W. Hoole; Susan H. Anderson

1980-01-01

107

Toward better case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study research can make important contributions to the field of professional communication if the research is carried out with rigor. The paper discusses inaccurate uses of the term “case study” and then presents ideas for conducting more rigorous case studies. Advantages and disadvantages are described, as well as typical techniques, such as interviews, logs, and visual and verbal protocols

M ARY SUE MACNEALY

1997-01-01

108

Research Issues in Evaluating Learning Pattern Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article concludes the special issue of "Studies in Educational Evaluation" concerned with "Evaluating learning pattern development in higher education" by discussing research issues that have emerged from the previous contributions. The article considers in turn: stability versus variability in learning patterns; old versus new analytic…

Richardson, John T. E.

2013-01-01

109

Research Issues in Evaluating Learning Pattern Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concludes the special issue of "Studies in Educational Evaluation" concerned with "Evaluating learning pattern development in higher education" by discussing research issues that have emerged from the previous contributions. The article considers in turn: stability versus variability in learning patterns; old versus new analytic…

Richardson, John T. E.

2013-01-01

110

Researching Instructional Materials Evaluation: Adding Socio-Cultural Dimensions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research project to evaluate materials for teacher education is described that reviews the development of evaluation tools, provides new measures, and applies the new measures to current visual materials. It is expected that as the study continues, it will reveal several explicit and implicit ideological stereotypes and assumptions about beliefs…

Robinson, Rhonda S.; And Others

111

Interviewer as Instrument: Accounting for Human Factors in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This methodological study examines an original data collection model designed to incorporate human factors and enhance data richness in qualitative and evaluation research. Evidence supporting this model is drawn from in-depth youth and adult interviews in one of the largest policy/program evaluations undertaken in the United States, the Drug,…

Brown, Joel H.

2006-01-01

112

Systematic review of methods for evaluating healthcare research economic impact  

PubMed Central

Background The economic benefits of healthcare research require study so that appropriate resources can be allocated to this research, particularly in developing countries. As a first step, we performed a systematic review to identify the methods used to assess the economic impact of healthcare research, and the outcomes. Method An electronic search was conducted in relevant databases using a combination of specific keywords. In addition, 21 relevant Web sites were identified. Results The initial search yielded 8,416 articles. After studying titles, abstracts, and full texts, 18 articles were included in the analysis. Eleven other reports were found on Web sites. We found that the outcomes assessed as healthcare research payback included direct cost-savings, cost reductions in healthcare delivery systems, benefits from commercial advancement, and outcomes associated with improved health status. Two methods were used to study healthcare research payback: macro-economic studies, which examine the relationship between research studies and economic outcome at the aggregated level, and case studies, which examine specific research projects to assess economic impact. Conclusions Our study shows that different methods and outcomes can be used to assess the economic impacts of healthcare research. There is no unique methodological approach for the economic evaluation of such research. In our systematic search we found no research that had evaluated the economic return of research in low and middle income countries. We therefore recommend a consensus on practical guidelines at international level on the basis of more comprehensive methodologies (such as Canadian Academic of Health Science and payback frameworks) in order to build capacity, arrange for necessary informative infrastructures and promote necessary skills for economic evaluation studies.

2010-01-01

113

Risk assessment technique for evaluating research laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to evaluate research laboratories according to risk, where risk is defined as the product of frequency and consequence. This technique was used to evaluate several laboratories at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory under the direction of the Department of Energy, Idaho Field Office to assist in the risk management of the Science and Technology Department laboratories. With this technique, laboratories can be compared according to risk, and management can use the results to make cost effective decisions associated with the operation of the facility.

Bolander, T.W.; Meale, B.M.; Eide, S.A.

1992-09-01

114

Risk assessment technique for evaluating research laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to evaluate research laboratories according to risk, where risk is defined as the product of frequency and consequence. This technique was used to evaluate several laboratories at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory under the direction of the Department of Energy, Idaho Field Office to assist in the risk management of the Science and Technology Department laboratories. With this technique, laboratories can be compared according to risk, and management can use the results to make cost effective decisions associated with the operation of the facility.

Bolander, T.W.; Meale, B.M.; Eide, S.A.

1992-01-01

115

Research Productivity and Student Evaluation of Teaching in Social Science Classes: A Research Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzed data for 167 social sciences classes and 65 faculty members to study the relationship between faculty research productivity and student evaluations of teaching (SETs). A significant positive relationship between research productivity and SETs emerges when the distribution of citations is corrected for skewness. (SLD)|

Stack, Steven

2003-01-01

116

A Microscope or a Mirror?: A Question of Study Validity Regarding the Use of Dissertation Citation Analysis for Evaluating Research Collections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of dissertation citation analysis for collection evaluation was investigated. Analysis of 1842 education dissertation citations from three institutions suggests the assumption of doctoral student expertise in their use of the scholarly literature may be overstated. For purposes of developing research collections, dependence on dissertation…

Beile, Penny M.; Boote, David N.; Killingsworth, Elizabeth K.

2004-01-01

117

A Microscope or a Mirror?: A Question of Study Validity Regarding the Use of Dissertation Citation Analysis for Evaluating Research Collections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of dissertation citation analysis for collection evaluation was investigated. Analysis of 1842 education dissertation citations from three institutions suggests the assumption of doctoral student expertise in their use of the scholarly literature may be overstated. For purposes of developing research collections, dependence on dissertation…

Beile, Penny M.; Boote, David N.; Killingsworth, Elizabeth K.

2004-01-01

118

UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1969, the Chicano Studies Research Center at UCLA places a premium on "interdisciplinary and collaborative research that analyzes issues critical to the knowledge of Chicano and Latino communities in the United States." Visitors to their site will find information on their ongoing research projects, such as the Mexican-American Study Project, a 30-year longitudinal and inter-generational study of the Mexican-origin people. Scholars will find the section devoted to the Center's publications quite helpful, as it contains links to "Azatlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies" and a series of policy briefs addressing issues affecting the Latino community. For persons looking for more detailed scholarship within the field of Chicano studies, a link to the research center library is also provided.

119

Homeopathy - what are the active ingredients? An exploratory study using the UK Medical Research Council's framework for the evaluation of complex interventions  

PubMed Central

Background Research in homeopathy has traditionally addressed itself to defining the effectiveness of homeopathic potencies in comparison to placebo medication. There is now increasing awareness that the homeopathic consultation is in itself a therapeutic intervention working independently or synergistically with the prescribed remedy. Our objective was to identify and evalute potential "active ingredients" of the homeopathic approach as a whole, in a prospective formal case series, which draws on actual consultation data, and is based on the MRC framework for the evaluation of complex interventions. Methods Following on from a theoretical review of how homeopathic care might mediate its effects, 18 patients were prospectively recruited to a case series based at Bristol Homeopathic Hospital. Patients, who lived with one of three index conditions, were interviewed before and after a five visit "package of care". All consultations were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Additional data, including generic and condition-specific questionnaires, artwork and "significant other" reports were collected. Textual data was subject to thematic analysis and triangulated with other sources. Results We judged that around one third of patients had experienced a major improvement in their health over the study period, a third had some improvement and a third had no improvement. Putative active ingredients included the patients' "openness to the mind-body connection", consultational empathy, in-depth enquiry into bodily complaints, disclosure, the remedy matching process and, potentially, the homeopathic remedies themselves. Conclusion This study has has identified, using primary consultation and other data, a range of factors that might account for the effectiveness of homeopathic care. Some of these, such as empathy, are non-specific. Others, such as the remedy matching process, are specific to homeopathy. These findings counsel against the use of placebo-controlled RCT designs in which both arms would potentially be receiving specific active ingredients. Future research in homeopathy should focus on pragmatic trials and seek to confirm or refute the therapeutic role of constructs such as patient "openness", disclosure and homeopathicity.

Thompson, Trevor DB; Weiss, Marjorie

2006-01-01

120

International Research and Studies Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Research and Studies Program supports surveys, studies, and instructional materials development to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields. The purpose of the program is to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies and other…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

121

Evaluation for University Scientific Research Capability Based on FCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper conducts a research on university scientific research capability, in which an evaluation index system and evaluation model of university scientific research capability is constructed. The university scientific research capability consists of three aspects, i.e., scientific research input capability, transformation efficiency capability and scientific research output capability. The approach adopted in the paper is a quantitative technique based on

Weiwei Liu; Chunsheng Shi

2008-01-01

122

FDA: Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is "to protect and enhance the public health through the regulation of biological and related products including blood, vaccines, allergenics, tissues, and cellular and gene therapies." Their mission is an important one, and consumers and scientists will want to bookmark this page and return to it on a regular basis. On this page, visitors can sign up for their RSS feed and read through some key resources. Users can also browse resources on biologics depending on their needs: consumer, healthcare and industry level information is provided.

123

Best Practice Research Scholarships: An Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Best Practice Research Scholarship programme (BPRS) was one of a series of initiatives designed by the English Department for Educational Studies (DfES) between 2000 and 2003, to support teachers' continuing professional development. Each year, around 1,000 Scholarships of up to 3,000 British pounds each, were awarded to serving classroom…

Furlong, John; Salisbury, Jane

2005-01-01

124

Research Organizations Participating in the HEAL Study  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home HEAL Study: Overview About the HEAL Study Key Objectives of the HEAL Study Participating Research Organizations Publications Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research

125

Pasadena City College SIGI Project. Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research study at Pasadena City College in 1975-76 evaluated a computer based career guidance program, SIGI (System of Interactive Guidance and Information), designed by Educational Testing Service to assist community college students in improving their ability to make career decisions. Students identified as desiring aid in career guidance were…

Risser, John J.; Tulley, John E.

126

Research and Evaluation Pilot Report 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pilot study was conducted to field test instruments that could be used to assess, evaluate, and improve curricula to be used in the Agri Tech Prep 2000 (ATP 2000) project. The project features a 4-year tech prep program linking New York high school and postsecondary curricula to prepare students for careers in agriculture or acceptance into a…

Sutphin, Dean; Newsom-Stewart, Mhora

127

Research and Evaluation Pilot Report 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study was conducted to field test instruments that could be used to assess, evaluate, and improve curricula to be used in the Agri Tech Prep 2000 (ATP 2000) project. The project features a 4-year tech prep program linking New York high school and postsecondary curricula to prepare students for careers in agriculture or acceptance into a…

Sutphin, Dean; Newsom-Stewart, Mhora

128

Educational software evaluation research: Balancing internal, external, and ecological validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulties inherent in the evaluation of educational software are described in terms of the tradeoffs between internal,\\u000a external, and ecological validity. Larger issues in evaluation research design and computer-based instruction are highlighted\\u000a by primary and metaanalytic studies designed to reveal the effects of computer simulations in psychology classrooms and laboratories.\\u000a The effectiveness of classroom and laboratory computer activities depends

Sarah Ransdell

1993-01-01

129

Evaluated entities and parameters of value in academic research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expert writers of academic research articles (ARAs) establish an appropriate balance between topic-based discourse and interactive “human face” discourse by providing both linguistic and contextual clues to indicate to the reader the perspective from which their texts should be interpreted. Central to this type of interaction is “evaluation”—the judgement of good or bad. This study looks at the ways in

Puleng Thetela

1997-01-01

130

Research on Advanced Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods for Materials, Process and Structures. Delivery Order 006: Computed Radiography Crack Detection Validation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Dayton Research Institute (UDRI) was awarded the Computed Radiography Crack Detection Validation Study Program in August 2009. This program was a follow-on effort to a smaller study that compared the capability of film and computed radio...

C. Buck R. Olding V. Kramb W. Hoppe

2012-01-01

131

Where Is the Literature in Evaluation on Managing Studies, Evaluators, and Evaluation Units?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On the basis of a multistage exploration of evaluation texts, electronic searches, and nominations from the field and from managing social science, the author concludes there is little research literature on managing evaluation studies, evaluators and other workers, and evaluation units. The discussion explores what this limited literature tells…

Compton, Donald W.

2009-01-01

132

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis

Robert W. Karp

1994-01-01

133

FUNDAMENTAL COMBUSTION RESEARCH APPLIED TO POLLUTION FORMATION. VOLUME 3. SUPPORT STUDIES: MEASUREMENT STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, one of four volumes describing research performed under EPA's Fundamental Combustion Research (FCR) Applied to Pollution Formation Program, gives results of three studies related to measurement system evaluations. Section I documents an evaluation of the performance a...

134

The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article defines and discusses one of these qualitative methods--the case research strat- egy. Suggestions are provided for researchers who wish to undertake research employing this approach. Criteria for the evaluation of case research are established and several characteristics useful for categorizing the studies are identified. A sample of papers drawn from information systems journals is reviewed. The paper concludes

Izak Benbasat; David K. Goldstein

1987-01-01

135

ATBC Study - Research Collaboration Procedures  

Cancer.gov

The two international partners of this project - the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institute for Health and Welfare of Finland (THL) - have primary responsibility for project research management, coordination, and oversight. The Nutritional Epidemiology Branch (NEB) represents the NCI in this regard. Study proposals for collaboration are submitted to the NCI or NPHI Principal Investigators (Dr. Albanes and Dr. Virtamo, respectively), and are reviewed at both institutions.

136

Toolkit for evaluating impacts of public participation in scientific research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Toolkit for Evaluating Impacts of Public Participation in Scientific Research is being developed to meet a major need in the field of visitor studies: To provide project developers and other professionals, especially those with limited knowledge or understanding of evaluation techniques, with a systematic method for assessing project impact that facilitates longitudinal and cross-project comparisons. The need for the toolkit was first identified at the Citizen Science workshop held at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology in 2007 (McEver et al. 2007) and reaffirmed by a CAISE inquiry group that produced the recent report: "Public Participation in Scientific Research: Defining the Field and Assessing its Potential for Informal Science Education" (Bonney et al. 2009). This presentation will introduce the Toolkit, show how it is intended to be used, and describe ways that project directors can use their programmatic goals and use toolkit materials to outline a plan for evaluating the impacts of their project.

Bonney, R.; Phillips, T.

2011-12-01

137

Evaluation in Design-Oriented Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design has been recognized for a long time both as art and as science. In the sixties of the previous century design-oriented research began to draw the attention of scientific researchers and methodologists, not only in technical engineering but also in the social sciences. However, a rather limited methodology for design-oriented research has been developed, especially as to the social

Piet Verschuren; R. J. M. Hartog

2005-01-01

138

Research on Evaluation of University Scientific Research Capability Based on Discrete Hopfield Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an evaluation model for the university scientific research capability based on improved discrete Hopfield neural network ,which can provides scientific reference for colleges and universities to identify the status of their own research capability, enhance scientific research capability and improve their ranks. The model makes concepts of evaluation for scientific research indexes into quantitative data and use

Wei Dai; Zhangming Shi

2010-01-01

139

RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

140

Empirical research of evaluating college teachers’ work stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the essential features of structural equation model (SEM) and grey system and analyzes the feasibility of evaluating work stress by combining SEM with grey system. Based on the requirements of the research approach and the research objective, an initial model (M1) is constructed for the evaluation of college teacherspsila work stress after the relevant researches have been

Wang Gan-hua; Zhang Yi-chun

2008-01-01

141

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

SciTech Connect

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis of data from human families. While techniques of genetic analysis of animal behavioral traits (e.g., targeted gene disruption, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping) are more powerful that those applicable to humans (e.g., linkage and allelic association studies), the validation of animal behaviors as models of aspects of human alcoholism has been problematic. Newly developed methods for mapping QTL influencing animal behavioral traits can not only permit analyses of human family data to be directly informed by the results of animal studies, but can also serve as a novel means of validating animal models of aspects of alcoholism. 55 refs.

Karp, R.W. [National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, MD (United States)

1994-12-15

142

Evaluation of research ethics committees in Turkey  

PubMed Central

In Turkey, there was no legal regulation of research on human beings until 1993. In that year "the amendment relating to drug researches" was issued. The main objectives of the regulation are to establish a central ethics committee and local ethics committees, and to provide administrative control.There are no compulsory clinical ethics lectures in the medical curriculum, so it is also proposed that research ethics committees (RECs) play a central educational role by helping physicians to be aware of moral problems and by contributing to the training of research teams. Key Words: Medical ethics education • ethics committees in Turkey • good clinical practice • informed consent • respiratory distress syndrome

Arda, B.

2000-01-01

143

Bioremediation of hazardous wastes. Research, development, and field evaluations, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, was the seventh annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA`s Biosystems Technology Development Program (BTDP) and by affiliated Hazardous Substance Research Centers (HSRCs). The document contains abstracts of recent research projects ranging in scope from laboratory application to cleanup evaluations in the field. 41 papers and numerous posters presented at the symposium are organized into six program areas: Bioremediation Field Initiative, Performance Evaluation, Field Research, Pilot-Scale Research, Process Research, and Hazardous Substance Research Centers. The proceedings also contain a brief synopsis of introductory remarks made by opening speakers.

Kremer, F.

1994-09-01

144

Bioremediation of hazardous wastes. Research, development, and field evaluations, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The 1993 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, sixth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA`s Biosystems Technology Development Program (BTDP) and by affiliated Hazardous Substance Research Centers (HSRCs). The document contains abstracts of recent research projects, ranging in scope from molecular biology in the laboratory to cleanup evaluations in the field. 32 papers and numerous posters presented at the symposium are organized into seven program areas: Bioremediation Field Initiative, Performance Evaluation, Field Research, Pilot-Scale Research, Process Research, Development of Computer-Based Assessment Systems, and Hazardous Substance Research Centers. The proceedings also contain a brief synopsis of introductory remarks made by opening speakers.

Kremer, F.

1993-09-01

145

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

146

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

147

Concluding Thoughts: Observing, Promoting, Evaluating, and Reviewing Research Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When institutional personnel assess faculty research performance, they should consider the extent to which the institution rewards research, ways to encourage faculty to be productive, criteria for evaluating research performance, and the specific steps useful in reviewing research performance within academic units. (Author/MSE)

Creswell, John W.

1986-01-01

148

Grounded theory research: Procedures, canons, and evaluative criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using grounded theory as an example, this paper examines three methodological questions that are generally applicable to all qualitative methods. How should the usual scientific canons be reinterpreted for qualitative research? How should researchers report the procedures and canons used in their research? What evaluative criteria should be used in judging the research products? We propose that the criteria should

Juliet M. Corbin; Anselm Strauss

1990-01-01

149

Usability Evaluation of a Research Repository and Collaboration Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports results from an empirical usability evaluation of Human-Animal Bond Research Initiative Central as part of the effort to develop an open access research repository and collaboration platform for human-animal bond researchers. By repurposing and altering key features of the original HUBzero system, Human-Animal Bond Research

Zhang, Tao; Maron, Deborah J.; Charles, Christopher C.

2013-01-01

150

Multisensor evaluation research: enhancement techniques and sensor evaluation results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper compares imagery from four mapping sensors and evaluates the utility of the imagery to support the function of cartographic feature analysis. The four sensors examined are: Landsat TM, SPOT, 5 M Landsat (simulated), and 1 M electro-optical. The feature analysis process is described, and a proposed experiment designed to compare feature analysis utility is discussed. The proposed experiment includes the use of both monoscopic and stereo imagery, as well as application of visual image enhancement techniques and supporting algorithms that facilitate image interpretation. The described techniques represent an initial basis for study of more automated multispectral and multisensor techniques. Also, the applicability of using multiresolution and multisensor techniques is discussed.

Duncan, Gary; Heidbreder, William H.; Hammack, James; Szpak, Casimir

1996-06-01

151

The Role of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... The Role of FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) in Disqualifying Researchers from Clinical Trials for New Medications. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/conductingclinicaltrials

152

Municipal Franchising and Regulation: An Evaluation of Policy Related Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is an abbreviated version of the final report on Municipal Franchising and Regulation: An Evaluation of Policy Related Research completed by the Public Finance Project, Business Research Bureau at the School of Business, University of South Dak...

C. A. Kent R. Oppedahl L. Stephens

1974-01-01

153

Evaluation of statistical approaches in quantitative nursing research.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to (a) develop a tool to assess statistical methods and (b) use the tool to evaluate recently published quantitative research. We rated the statistical approaches used in 152 studies published in the 5 top impact-factor nursing research journals from September 2005 to August 2007. Studies were generally of high quality; 45% scored between 80% and 100%, and 22% achieved a score of 100%. Predictors of high scores were interdisciplinary authorship, a statistician coauthor, and the number of aims. The authors conclude that studies published in high impact-factor nursing journals are statistically sound and provide a solid foundation for evidence-based practice. PMID:19448031

Gross Cohn, Elizabeth; Haomiao Jia; Larson, Elaine

2009-05-15

154

Research in Evaluation Criteria of Evidence Combination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Processing conflict-evidence was realized by improving combination rules in evidence theory. Based on analyzing methods of evidence combination in detail, these methods often lost some good qualities when they improved some qualities, such as anti-high-conflict. It was necessary to evaluate all qualities of these methods. Anti-high-conflict was proposed, identity and polarization were perfected. These evaluation criteria were used to evaluate

Yang Yang; Yongmei Cheng; Yan Liang; Quan Pan; Wenjing Wan

2006-01-01

155

Primary Irrigation Evaluation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Five candidate repellents, ENT-28963-Ga, ENT-28975-Ga, ENT-28976-Ga, ENT-28988-Ga, and ENT-28989-Ga were evaluated for their potential to cause skin and eye irritation in New Zealand White rabbits. (Author)

S. E. Rowe

1969-01-01

156

Research plan for pilot studies of the biodiversity research consortium  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a research plan for an assessment of risks to biodiversity. The plan describes the theoretical basis of the research approach and the data and methods to be used in the assessment. Initial research activities are formulated as a set of pilot studies that will examine nine research questions concerning the assumptions, data, and methods of the approach. A collection of government, academic, and nongovernmental organizations, called the Biodiversity Research Consortium, has developed this research approach and prepared the plan. Authors of the plan represent current members of the Consortium.

Kiester, A.R.; White, D.; Preston, E.M.; Master, L.L.; Loveland, T.R.

1993-06-03

157

Research on training evaluation of enterprise employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the competition between enterprises, human resource becomes a key to that enterprises acquire the competition advantages and employee training grows into the strategic requirement of enterprise development with playing important roles gradually. In China, training evaluation is so lag to practice that reduces the training effects. Consequently, it's very important to choose a practical training evaluation tool. This article

Qiao Hong; Dong Xuechen

2009-01-01

158

Social Studies. Microsift Courseware Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This compilation of 17 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 1-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

159

TMDL MODEL EVALUATION AND RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This review examines the modeling research needs to support environmental decision-making for the 303(d) requirements for development of total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) and related programs such as 319 Nonpoint Source Program activities, watershed management, stormwater permits...

160

Evaluating commercial weight loss programmes: an evolution in outcomes research.  

PubMed

The increasing prevalence of obesity has been mirrored by a parallel increase in the number of commercial weight loss programmes. Research evaluating these programmes is meagre, however, compared to the numbers treated. Reluctance of commercial weight loss programmes to meaningfully evaluate their weight loss efficacy may arise from fear that competitors will use the results against them. Evaluation of commercial weight loss programmes usually progresses from testimonials, often by famous people who were successful, to uncontrolled studies of past participants evaluated either by the programme itself or by an outside entity. The gold standard, however, is a scientifically rigorous, controlled study of the programme conducted by an independent entity. Such a study, published in a peer-reviewed journal, can gain credibility for a programme, as it did with Slim Fast, if the results are positive, or herald the end of the programme, as it was with Simeons human chorionic gonadotropin injection clinics. This review of the evolution of the evaluation process of commercial weight loss programmes leads us to conclude that consumers are likely to demand greater scientific rigour in the future, a change that will favour informed choice and discourage the practice of unrealistic advertising that raises false hopes. PMID:15458396

Hamilton, M; Greenway, F

2004-11-01

161

Breast Health Intervention Evaluation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Breast Health Intervention Evaluation Study will evaluate the relative effectiveness of three different affective approaches to breast health messages--a fear appeal, a positive appeal, and an effectively neutral, cognitive appeal. The three intervent...

D. Blumenthal

2000-01-01

162

Social Penetration: A Description, Research, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social penetration has been described by S.W. Littlejohn (1992) as "the process of increasing disclosure and intimacy in a relationship." The phrase "social penetration" originated with I. Altman and D. Taylor, the foremost researchers in this area. From other theories, Altman and Taylor developed a unified theory which provided a stable base from…

Allensworth, Nicole J.

163

Evaluating Capacity Building for Policy Research Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The international community has identified a positive link between good governance and economic development. There is an increasing appreciation of the effective role that local policy research organizations (PROs) can play in providing evidence-based policy recommendations as the basis for sound legislation and in assessing the efficacy of…

Struyk, Raymond J.; Damon, Mawadda; Haddaway, Samuel R.

2011-01-01

164

Educational Research Development and Evaluation: A Training Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum for this 2-week workshop on educational research development and evaluation is designed to increase participants' skills in project development and proposal writing and increase their knowledge of research and evaluation methods. Geared toward adult professionals who are skilled and motivated, the curriculum helps participants to…

Campbell, Patricia B.; And Others

165

An Intelligent Management System for Evaluating Science Research Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proposed in this paper is an intelligent management system for evaluating science research projects based on fuzzy neural networks with genetic algorithms. This system was planned, designed and tested em- ploying theories and approaches of software engineering. This system was then applied to evaluate science research projects of the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China. The

Zhi-Yu Chen; Shi-Quan Chen; Jin-Pei Wu

2005-01-01

166

Training Students to Be Better Consumers of Research: Evaluating Empirical Research Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Graduate and undergraduate students are typically required to become educated consumers of research. Yet, research courses generally focus on how to do research rather than how to evaluate it. Therefore, we propose ways in which faculty can help their students become better consumers of research by presenting a brief list of teaching objectives,…

Rodriguez, Ariel; Toews, Michelle L.

2005-01-01

167

Training the next generation of clinical researchers: evaluation of a graduate podiatrist research internship in rheumatology  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Arthritis Research UK funded graduate internship scheme for podiatrists and to explore the experiences of interns and mentors. Methods Nine new graduates completed the internship programme (July 2006–June 2010); six interns and two mentors participated in this study. The study was conducted in three phases. Phase 1: quantitative survey of career and research outcomes for interns. Phase 2 and 3: qualitative asynchronous interviews through email to explore the experiences of interns and mentors. Interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) of coded transcripts identified recurring themes. Results Research outputs included ten peer reviewed publications with authorial contributions from interns, 23 conference abstract presentations and one subsequent ‘Jewel in the Crown’ award at the British Society for Rheumatology Conference. Career progression includes two National Institute for Health research (NIHR) PhD fellowships, two Arthritis Research UK PhD fellowships, one NIHR Master of Research fellowship and one specialist rheumatology clinical post. Two interns are members of NIHR and professional body committees. Seven important themes arose from the qualitative phases: perceptions of the internship pre-application; internship values; maximising personal and professional development; psychosocial components of the internship; the role of mentoring and networking; access to research career pathways; perceptions of future developments for the internship programme. The role of mentorship and the peer support network have had benefits that have persisted beyond the formal period of the scheme. Conclusions The internship model appears to have been perceived to have been valuable to the interns’ careers and may have contributed significantly to the broader building of capacity in clinical research in foot and ankle rheumatology. We believe the model has potential to be transferable across health disciplines and on national and international scales.

2013-01-01

168

Evaluating Teachers. Research and Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A list of the current approaches to teacher evaluation should include the following: (1) examination of student gain scores on standardized tests, (2) analysis of typical student improvement, (3) teaching performance testing, (4) teacher skill testing, (5) administrator or peer group observations and ratings, and (6) student observations and…

Burnett, J. Dale

169

Exploring the Constructs of Evaluative Criteria for Interpretivist Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interpretivist research is a term that describes a paradigm of research within the field of information systems. Just as we are still trying to agree on a definition of Information Systems (IS), we are also attempting to define the criteria for evaluating quality interpretivist research for the IS profession. This is particularly difficult as IS has a history of applying

Julie Travis

1999-01-01

170

Clinical Evaluation of 1,132 Zirconia-Based Single Crowns: A Retrospective Cohort Study from the AIOP Clinical Research Group.  

PubMed

Purpose: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to gather the outcomes of zirconia single crowns made by 16 members of the Italian Academy of Prosthetic Dentistry (AIOP) over a time period of up to 5 years. Materials and Methods: A total of 398 patients treated in private practices with 1,132 zirconia-based single-crown restorations made on natural teeth from January 2005 to July 2010 were included. Three hundred forty-three anterior restorations (30.3%) and 789 posterior crowns (69.7%) were made with 16 types of zirconia, using primarily chamfer or knife-edge tooth preparation, and examined according to the esthetic, functional, and biologic criteria. To evaluate the relationship of parafunction with mechanical failure, patients with clenching or bruxism were not excluded from the study group. Results: The cumulative survival rate of all restorations was 98.1%, while the cumulative success rate was 94.3%. Functional criteria had the highest number of failures. The odds ratio (OR) for all restorations was calculated to clarify the relationship between patients who were subject/not subject to parafunctions and technical complications; the OR was 2.60. An association between parafunction and mechanical failure was found in patients with severe parafunction. Conclusions: Porcelain-veneered zirconia single crowns with chamfer and knife-edge preparations showed good clinical results over a period of up to 5 years. Technical complications were few and were limited primarily to patients with parafunction. PMID:23998141

Monaco, Carlo; Caldari, Mauro; Scotti, Roberto

171

Evaluation in Adult Literacy Research. Project ALERT. Phase II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains an evaluation handbook for adult literacy programs and feedback from/regarding the evaluation instruments developed during the project titled Adult Literacy and Evaluation Research Team (also known as Project ALERT), a two-phase project initiated by the Detroit Literacy Coalition (DLC) for the purpose of developing and…

Ntiri, Daphne Williams, Ed.

172

Evaluation use: Theory, research, and practice since 1986  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a larger effort by members of the American Evaluation Association (AEA) Topical Interest Group on Evaluation Use (TIG-EU), we undertook an extensive review and synthesis of literature in evaluation use published since 1986. We observe several recent developments in theory, research and practice arising from this literature. These developments include: the rise of considerations of context as

Lyn M. Shulha; J. Bradley Cousins

1997-01-01

173

Fenestration System Performance Research, Testing, and Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The US DOE was and is instrumental to NFRC's beginning and its continued success. The 2005 to 2009 funding enables NFRC to continue expanding and create new, improved ratings procedures. Research funded by the US DOE enables increased fenestration energy rating accuracy. International harmonization efforts supported by the US DOE allow the US to be the global leader in fenestration energy ratings. Many other governments are working with the NFRC to share its experience and knowledge toward development of their own national fenestration rating process similar to the NFRC's. The broad and diverse membership composition of NFRC allows anyone with a fenestration interest to come forward with an idea or improvement to the entire fenestration community for consideration. The NFRC looks forward to the next several years of growth while remaining the nation's resource for fair, accurate, and credible fenestration product energy ratings. NFRC continues to improve its rating system by considering new research, methodologies, and expanding to include new fenestration products. Currently, NFRC is working towards attachment energy ratings. Attachments are blinds, shades, awnings, and overhangs. Attachments may enable a building to achieve significant energy savings. An NFRC rating will enable fair competition, a basis for code references, and a new ENERGY STAR product category. NFRC also is developing rating methods to consider non specular glazing such as fritted glass. Commercial applications frequently use fritted glazing, but no rating method exists. NFRC is testing new software that may enable this new rating and contribute further to energy conservation. Around the world, many nations are seeking new energy conservation methods and NFRC is poised to harmonize its rating system assisting these nations to better manage and conserve energy in buildings by using NFRC rated and labeled fenestration products. As this report has shown, much more work needs to be done to continues research to improve existing ratings and develop new ones. NFRC needs to continue the work it has begun in several nations to implement the NFRC rating system that has been introduced. Many nations are eager to accept the expertise NFRC can offer to achieve energy conservation goals. NFRC looks forward to a continues partnership with the US Department of Energy to cooperatively achieve both.

Jim Benney

2009-11-30

174

Performance evaluation of an entry research vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aerodynamic database upon which the missions and the proposed designs of an atmospheric entry research vehicle (ERV) would be based are discussed, along with a trajectory analysis of two missions proposed for the ERV. The ERV is intended as a means to explore reentry techniques, thermal protection systems and cross-range and orbital change maneuvers beyond the operational envelope of the Orbiter. The 25 ft long ERV would have a 13 ft wingspan, allowing it to be launched from the Orbiter bay. The ERV would have atmospheric maneuvering control surfaces and reaction control systems for orbital maneuvers. The total weight would be 12,000 lb. The aerodynamic design for the ERV was developed from wind tunnel, theoretical and Shuttle data for continuum, transition and free-molecule flight regimes. Typical flight profiles for intended missions are outlined.

Powell, R. W.; Naftel, J. C.; Cunningham, M. J.

1986-01-01

175

Transdisciplinary Research and Evaluation for Community Health Initiatives  

PubMed Central

Transdisciplinary research and evaluation projects provide valuable opportunities to collaborate on interventions to improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Given team members’ diverse backgrounds and roles or responsibilities in such projects, members’ perspectives are significant in strengthening a project’s infrastructure and improving its organizational functioning. This article presents an evaluation mechanism that allows team members to express the successes and challenges incurred throughout their involvement in a multisite transdisciplinary research project. Furthermore, their feedback is used to promote future sustainability and growth. Guided by a framework known as organizational development, the evaluative process was conducted by a neutral entity, the Quality Assurance Team. A mixed-methods approach was utilized to garner feedback and clarify how the research project goals could be achieved more effectively and efficiently. The multiple benefits gained by those involved in this evaluation and implications for utilizing transdisciplinary research and evaluation teams for health initiatives are detailed.

Harper, Gary W.; Neubauer, Leah C.; Bangi, Audrey K.; Francisco, Vincent T.

2010-01-01

176

Principles of Good Practice for Decision Analytic Modeling in HealthCare Evaluation: Report of the ISPOR Task Force on Good Research Practices—Modeling Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesMathematical modeling is used widely in economic evaluations of pharmaceuticals and other health-care technologies. Users of models in government and the private sector need to be able to evaluate the quality of models according to scientific criteria of good practice. This report describes the consensus of a task force convened to provide modelers with guidelines for conducting and reporting modeling

Milton C. Weinstein; Bernie O'Brien; John Hornberger; Joseph Jackson; Magnus Johannesson; Chris McCabe; Bryan R. Luce

2003-01-01

177

Defining and Designing Mixed Research Synthesis Studies  

PubMed Central

Mixed research synthesis is the latest addition to the repertoires of mixed methods research and systematic review. Mixed research synthesis requires that the problems generated by the methodological diversity within and between qualitative and quantitative studies be resolved. Three basic research designs accommodate this diversity, including the segregated, integrated, and contingent designs. Much work remains to be done before mixed research synthesis can secure its place in the repertoires of mixed methods research and systematic review, but the effort is well worth it as it has the potential to enhance both the significance and utility for practice of the many qualitative and quantitative studies constituting shared domains of research.

Sandelowski, Margarete; Voils, Corrine I.; Barroso, Julie

2009-01-01

178

Trends in Bio-Behavioral Gambling Studies Research: Quantifying Citations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both the National Gambling Impact Study Commission and the National Academy of Sciences have evaluated the current state of gambling studies research in general while making specific suggestions for future efforts in the psychological and biomedical areas in particular. Recognizing the importance of evaluating the state of the field on a macro level, this paper considers and categorizes several decades

Gabriel B. Eber; Howard J. Shaffer

2000-01-01

179

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities.

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

180

CENTER FOR DRUG EVALUATION AND RESEARCH ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... training and experience needed to do their jobs. ... must be used however, since the protocol calls for a ... studies can establish to the satisfaction of FDA ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

181

What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

2008-01-01

182

Evaluating Public Participation Exercises: A Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The concept of public participation is one of growing interest in the UK and elsewhere, with a commensurate growth in mechanisms to enable this. The merits of participation, however, are difficult to ascertain, as there are relatively few cases in which the effectiveness of participation exercises have been studied in a structured (as opposed to highly subjective) manner. This

Gene Rowe; L. J. Frewer

2004-01-01

183

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research: FY 2005 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the ninth annual report from the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER). This report provides highlights from CBER's activities during Fiscal Year (FY) 2005 and addresses current initiatives. The C...

2005-01-01

184

Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Search NCI Home Cancer Topics Clinical Trials Cancer Statistics Research & Funding News About NCI Learn About Clinical Trials Posted: 09/01/2011 Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies Introduction What Are Clinical Trials? Clinical Trials ...

185

Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first 10 articles of volume 8 of the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" published in 2002-2003: (1) "Using Electronic Surveys: Advice from Survey Professionals" (David M. Shannon, Todd E. Johnson, Shelby Searcy, and Alan Lott); (2) "Four Assumptions of Multiple Regression That Researchers

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schaefer, William D., Ed.

2000-01-01

186

The next Stages in Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: (1) to provide a commentary on a conference held at the University of Manchester entitled Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance; (2) to synthesize from the proceedings of the meeting suggestions for future research and public health surveillance. Method: The main points and problematic issues raised by the speakers…

Downer, Martin C.; Blinkhorn, Anthony S.

2007-01-01

187

EPA Research Evaluating CAFO Impacts on Ground Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of several projects will be presented on a research program currently underway at ORDâ??s Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division (GWERD) to evaluate CAFO impacts on ground water quality. The overall research objectives are to characterize the potential for gro...

188

The next Stages in Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: (1) to provide a commentary on a conference held at the University of Manchester entitled Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance; (2) to synthesize from the proceedings of the meeting suggestions for future research and public health surveillance. Method: The main points and problematic issues raised by the…

Downer, Martin C.; Blinkhorn, Anthony S.

2007-01-01

189

The need for child maltreatment research and program evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge base supporting child abuse treatment and prevention rests upon clinical experience and applied research. An analysis of program funding in the United States indicates that unevaluated clinical programs are funded rather than research or program evaluation projects. Grant funding patterns for the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect were analyzed for 4 years. Overall, 66% of projects

Raymond H. Starr

1990-01-01

190

ASPER Research and Evaluation Projects 1970-79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This inventory of research and evaluation projects completed during calendar years 1970-1979 for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Education, and Research (ASPER) of the Department of Labor contains summaries of projects on economic, social, and policy background; the labor market; the nature and impact of Department of Labor…

1980

191

Early Head Start Children in Grade 5: Long-Term Follow-Up of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project Study Sample. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Early Head Start is a two-generation program for low-income pregnant women, and families with infants or toddlers that is designed to enhance childrens development and health and to strengthen family and community partnerships. A rigorous evaluation, the ...

B. L. Carlson C. A. Vogel E. E. Kisker E. M. Moiduddin Y. Xue

2010-01-01

192

Geologic evaluation: Peake Energy, Inc. , No. 753 GRI comprehensive study well No. 5, Jackson County, West Virginia. Topical research report, June 1988December 1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

Devonian shale gas production from individual wells in the CSW5 research area varies according to the disposition of natural fractures intersected by the wellbore. The degree of thermal maturity of the black shales and amount of organic carbon contained in them provide the gas generating capacity necessary to sustain production. Northwest-to-southeast and northeast-to-southwest oriented, partially mineralized natural fractures seem to

J. P. Falleur; P. H. Lowry; R. W. Brown; W. T. Kubik

1991-01-01

193

Mandatory Retirement: A Research Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication reports the results of a study conducted by the Harrisburg (Pennsylvania) chapter of the Public Personnel Association. A study committee undertook the task of identifying and defining the issues surrounding the concept of mandatory retirem...

1973-01-01

194

Researching the Study Abroad Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors propose a paradigm for rigorous scientific assessment of study abroad programs, with the focus being on how study abroad experiences affect psychological constructs as opposed to looking solely at study-abroad-related outcomes. Social learning theory is used as a possible theoretical basis for making testable hypotheses and guiding…

McLeod, Mark; Wainwright, Philip

2009-01-01

195

ATBC Study - Research Consortium Projects  

Cancer.gov

In collaboration with other extramural and intramural studies, the ATBC Study participates in several large consortium projects of nutritional and other environmental factors, candidate genes and pathways, and genome-wide association studies, contributing scientific expertise, data and cohort resources, and intramural support to these investigations. Several of the projects are described here.

196

Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Congress first called for the Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation (the "Committee") in its 1998 reauthorization of the Head Start program, with a requirement that the Secretary of Health and Human Services convene a panel of experts to inform the Department about the design of a newly required national evaluation of the…

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2012

2012-01-01

197

Interpreting Outcomes: Using Focus Groups in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although focus groups continue to gain popularity in marketing and social science research, their use in program evaluation has been limited. Here we demonstrate how focus groups can benefit evaluators, program staff, policy makers and administrators by providing an in-depth understanding of program effectiveness from the perspective of…

Ansay, Sylvia J.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Nelson, John

2004-01-01

198

The Multiple Baseline Design for Evaluating Population-Based Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need for pragmatic and rigorous research designs to evaluate the effectiveness of population-based health interventions. The randomized controlled trial (RCT) has limitations in its practicality, ethical appropriateness, and cost when evaluating population- based interventions. Like RCTs, the multiple baseline design can demonstrate that a change in behavior has occurred, the change is a result of the intervention,

Nathan G. Hawkins; Robert W. Sanson-Fisher; Anthony Shakeshaft; Catherine D’Este; Lawrence W. Green

2007-01-01

199

Methods to evaluate fish freshness in research and industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current work in a European concerted action project ‘Evaluation of Fish Freshness’ (AIR3 CT94-2283) focuses on harmonizing research activities in the area of fish freshness evaluation in leading fish laboratories in Europe (see Box 1). The overall aim of the concerted action project is to validate methods for the assessment of fish freshness and to discuss the freshness criteria for

G. Olafsdóttir; E. Martinsdóttir; J. Oehlenschläger; P. Dalgaard; B. Jensen; I. Undeland; I. M. Mackie; G. Henehan; J. Nielsen; H. Nilsen

1997-01-01

200

Research and Evaluation at John Adams High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We at Adams have committed ourselves (1) to search for new ways to make the inquiry into our own activities and the evaluation of our programs relevant and consistent with our notions of humanistic and personal education, and (2) to seek a mechanism for using research and evaluation to improve the operation of the school at every level and for…

Adams High School, Portland, OR.

201

Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. The purpose of this paper is to guide the novice researcher in…

Baxter, Pamela; Jack, Susan

2008-01-01

202

Medicare and Clinical Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... study may compare a new treatment with a placebo to find out if the new treatment has any effect on the condition being studied. You’ll be told if you might be given a placebo before you decide whether to take part in ...

203

Public relations research priorities: a Delphi study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify and rank the most important topics for research in the field of public relations. An associated outcome was to propose the research questions most closely linked to the prioritised topics. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An international Delphi study on the priorities for public relations research, conducted in 2007 amongst academics, practitioners and

Tom Watson

2008-01-01

204

Middle School Research. Selected Studies 1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sixth collection of research on middle schools is divided into three sections. Section I comprises five research articles, each with a practitioner's reaction discussing the article's implications for practice and suggesting further research. The articles include "Perceptual Styles of Pupils in Grades 5 through 8," by Grover Baldwin; "A Study

Erb, Thomas Owen, Ed.

205

Collecting and Utilizing Evaluation Research for Public Good and on Behalf of African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study indicates that researchers entrusted with evaluating the educational outcomes of African American children must engage their practice for the public good and on behalf of these students. The Howard University Evaluation Training Institute is used as a guide to describe the steps for conducting quality evaluations, and to highlight the…

Thomas, Veronica G.; McKie, Brooke K.

2006-01-01

206

Nutrtional Research Series. Volume 6: Concordance Between the Findings of Epidemiological Studies and Randomized Trials in Nutrition: An Empirical Evaluation and Citation Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In nutrition, there are several examples of discordance between the results of observational studies and of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). To provide empirical data on how often the summary results of epidemiological studies and of RCTs are concorda...

D. Moorthy J. Lau J. Lee M. Cheung T. A. Trikalinos W. W. Yu

2013-01-01

207

Exemplars and Proposals for Social Studies Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is a comment on the need for review and reanalysis of the accumulated research in social studies as a guide to future efforts to design useful and desirable social studies curricula. Several alternative models for social studies educators are noted. These serve as guides to possible directions for research. The problems of…

Oswald, James M.

208

Evaluating the Quality of Research into a Single Prognostic Biomarker: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of 83 Studies of C-Reactive Protein in Stable Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Systematic evaluations of the quality of research on a single prognostic biomarker are rare. We sought to evaluate the quality of prognostic research evidence for the association of C-reactive protein (CRP) with fatal and nonfatal events among patients with stable coronary disease. Methods and Findings We searched MEDLINE (1966 to 2009) and EMBASE (1980 to 2009) and selected prospective studies of patients with stable coronary disease, reporting a relative risk for the association of CRP with death and nonfatal cardiovascular events. We included 83 studies, reporting 61,684 patients and 6,485 outcome events. No study reported a prespecified statistical analysis protocol; only two studies reported the time elapsed (in months or years) between initial presentation of symptomatic coronary disease and inclusion in the study. Studies reported a median of seven items (of 17) from the REMARK reporting guidelines, with no evidence of change over time. The pooled relative risk for the top versus bottom third of CRP distribution was 1.97 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78–2.17), with substantial heterogeneity (I2?=?79.5). Only 13 studies adjusted for conventional risk factors (age, sex, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol) and these had a relative risk of 1.65 (95% CI 1.39–1.96), I2?=?33.7. Studies reported ten different ways of comparing CRP values, with weaker relative risks for those based on continuous measures. Adjusting for publication bias (for which there was strong evidence, Egger's p<0.001) using a validated method reduced the relative risk to 1.19 (95% CI 1.13–1.25). Only two studies reported a measure of discrimination (c-statistic). In 20 studies the detection rate for subsequent events could be calculated and was 31% for a 10% false positive rate, and the calculated pooled c-statistic was 0.61 (0.57–0.66). Conclusion Multiple types of reporting bias, and publication bias, make the magnitude of any independent association between CRP and prognosis among patients with stable coronary disease sufficiently uncertain that no clinical practice recommendations can be made. Publication of prespecified statistical analytic protocols and prospective registration of studies, among other measures, might help improve the quality of prognostic biomarker research. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary

Hemingway, Harry; Philipson, Peter; Chen, Ruoling; Fitzpatrick, Natalie K.; Damant, Jacqueline; Shipley, Martin; Abrams, Keith R.; Moreno, Santiago; McAllister, Kate S. L.; Palmer, Stephen; Kaski, Juan Carlos; Timmis, Adam D.; Hingorani, Aroon D.

2010-01-01

209

Applications research studies on microtubules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This final report describes progress completed on two of three phases of work aimed at defining new applications areas for microtubules formed as self-organizing microstructures from lipids with diacetylenic lecithin structures. The emphasis in the first phase was on the suspension, orientation, and electro-optical properties of metalized microtubule dispersions in fluids, liquid crystals, and polymers, and on techniques for controlling the orientation and attachment of microtubules to surfaces. The emphasis in the second phase was on phase shift effects in the millimeter wave region with field effects on metalized microtubule dispersions, in regard to potential applications such as scanning radar antennas and radar lenses. In these studies it was discovered that composite fluids consisting of metalized microtubules dispersed in liquid crystals have the highest birefringence values which have been reported in the millimeter wave region and that these composite fluids are readily aligned by applied electrical and magnetic fields.

Margerum, J. David; Lim, K. C.; Lackner, Anna M.; Miller, Leroy J.; Sherman, Elena; Smith, Willis H., Jr.; Vanast, Camille I.

1990-09-01

210

Energia, etiikka ja politiikka: tutkimuksen arviointia. (Energy, ethics and politics: an evaluation of current research).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to examine and assess Finnish energy policies, and to evaluate current social scientific research related to energy policies, from a philosophical and ethical viewpoint. The method of applied philosophical ethics is briefly in...

H. Rossilahdi

1989-01-01

211

Evaluative Research Design for a Competency-Based Critical Care Orientation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a Time-Series Single Group evaluative research design, this study examined: (1) the degree to which critical care orientees learn the selected cognitive/affective content and psychomotor performance skills of the Critical Care Competency-Based Orien...

F. T. Kennedy

1983-01-01

212

QuickStudy: Library Research Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Referencing good information sources can strengthen your speech or research paper. You can access information in books, articles and web sources through library research, but sometimes it's difficult to know where and how to look for the information you need. Quickstudy will help find quality information sources by guiding you through the process of conducting effective library research. QuickStudy comprises eight modules, each of which contains several short lessons (usually a page or more in length). These modules will familiarize you with strategies for approaching research as well as introduce you to some of the computer resources you will use as you research your topic.

University Libraries (University of Minnesota - Twin Cities)

1999-09-01

213

University-Industry Research Relationships. Selected Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a study of university/industry research interactions are presented, along with four reports on collaboration, and an annotated bibliography. The study, "Current U.S University/Industry Research Connections" (Lois S. Peters, Herbert I. Fusfeld, and others), involved on-site interviews with 66 companies and 61 public and private…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. National Science Board.

214

University-Industry Research Relationships. Selected Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The results of a study of university/industry research interactions are presented, along with four reports on collaboration, and an annotated bibliography. The study, "Current U.S University/Industry Research Connections" (Lois S. Peters, Herbert I. Fusfeld, and others), involved on-site interviews with 66 companies and 61 public and private…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. National Science Board.

215

Resources For Methods In Evaluation And Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website offers a substantial annotated listing of "resources for methods in evaluation and social research." The focus is on "how-to" do evaluation research and the methods used: surveys, focus groups, sampling, interviews, and other methods. Most of these links are to resources that can be read over the Web. A few, like the GAO (General Accounting Office) books, are for resources that can be sent away for, in this case, books that are free for US residents. The materials, which are clearly organized by the table of contents, have been compiled privately by Gene Shackman, a research scientist in the Analysis and Evaluation Unit at the New York State Department of Health.

216

A New Tool for Identifying Research Standards and Evaluating Research Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much has been written about the evaluation of faculty research productivity in promotion and tenure decisions, including many articles that seek to determine the rank of various marketing journals. Yet how faculty evaluators combine journal quality, quantity, and author contribution to form judgments of a scholar's performance is unclear. A…

Bacon, Donald R.; Paul, Pallab; Stewart, Kim A.; Mukhopadhyay, Kausiki

2012-01-01

217

Researching Expert Teachers: Who Should We Study?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sets out definitions of expert found in three studies: situated effectiveness, emergent measure, and constrained elaboration. Outlines recommendations for selecting expert teachers to participate in research studies. (Contains 18 references.) (SK)

Bucci, Terri T.

2003-01-01

218

User Evaluation of an Information Service in Social Welfare. Report of an Interview and Questionnaire Study of the Wiltshire Social Services Staff Digest. Design of Information Systems in the Social Sciences. Research Reports Series B, Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a larger research effort to determine what constitutes an effective information system, a user evaluation of the "Wiltshire Social Services Staff Digest", a monthly publication produced by the research and development section of the Social Service Department, was carried out. A stratified sample of 700 among the total 2,424…

Bath Univ. of Technology (England). Univ. Library.

219

1970 Adult Education Research Conference (AERC) Evaluation Workshop: An Evaluative Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Major objectives of this Adult Education Research Conference workshop were sixfold: to examine in detail the Stake Countenance Model of Evaluation as a potential conceptual framework for adult education evaluation; practice using it to identify and categorize relevant variables and relationships; design evaluation plans for typical adult…

Grotelueschen, Arden; McQuarrie, Duncan

220

Center for Economic Studies and Research Data Centers Research Report: 2012 Research and Methodology Directorate  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Center for Economic Studies (CES) and the U.S. Census Bureaus network of Research Data Centers (RDCs) host research on a broad range of topics in demography, economics, geography, sociology, and other social sciences. Each year, our annual research re...

2013-01-01

221

Evaluating emergency care research networks: what are the right metrics?  

PubMed

Research networks can enable the inclusion of large, diverse patient populations in different settings. However, the optimal measures of a research network's failure or success are not well defined or standardized. To define a framework for metrics used to measure the performance and effectiveness of emergency care research networks (ECRN), a conference for emergency care investigators, funding agencies, patient advocacy groups, and other stakeholders was held and yielded the following major recommendations: 1) ECRN metrics should be measurable, explicitly defined, and customizable for the multiple stakeholders involved and 2) continuing to develop and institute metrics to evaluate ECRNs will be critical for their accountability and sustainability. PMID:19732037

Baren, Jill M; Middleton, Melissa K; Kaji, Amy H; O'Connor, Robert E; O'Conner, Robert E; Lindsell, Christopher; Weik, Tasmeen Singh; Lewis, Roger J

2009-09-03

222

Case Study Research in School Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Case study investigation refers to the relatively uncontrolled and subjectively described study of a single case. Several different types of case studies are reviewed including nontherapeutic, assessment, and therapeutic/intervention. Suggestions for improving case study investigations and recommendations for future case study research in school…

Kratochwill, Thomas R.

1985-01-01

223

Evaluating Conflicts of Interest in Research Presented in CME Venues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: There is much in the literature regarding the potential for commercial bias in clinical research and in continuing medical education (CME), but no studies were found regarding the potential for bias in reporting original research in CME venues. This pilot study investigated the presence of perceived bias in oral and print content of…

Davis, Nancy L.; Galliher, James M.; Spano, Mindy S.; Main, Deborah S.; Brannigan, Michael; Pace, Wilson D.

2008-01-01

224

An Evaluative and Prescriptive Look at Graphics Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphics research history shows that some topics have been studied heavily while others have been almost entirely neglected. Furthermore, researchers have used many different methods of defining and measuring effects such as legibility and comprehension, and this, together with vagueness in reporting, makes it difficult to compare studies and draw…

Soderston, Candace

225

Evaluating Adults for Further Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) provides two types of examinations to evaluate the nontraditional educational background of adults wishing to pursue college level studies. Five multiple-choice tests (the General Examinations) are designed to assess general or liberal arts background as compared to two years of undergraduate…

Allyn, Nathaniel C.

226

Not so simple: a quasi-experimental study of how researchers adjudicate genetic research results  

PubMed Central

Ethicists contend that researchers are obliged to report genetic research findings to individual study participants when they are clinically significant, that is, when they are clinically useful or personally meaningful to participants. Yet whether such standards are well understood and can be consistently applied remains unknown. We conducted an international, cross-sectional survey of cystic fibrosis (CF) and autism genetics researchers using a quasi-experimental design to explore factors influencing researchers' judgments. Eighty percent of researchers agreed, in principle, that clinically significant findings should be reported to individual participants. Yet judgments about when a specific finding was considered clinically significant or warranted reporting varied by scientific factors (replication, robustness, intentionality, and disease context), capacity of the research team to explain the results, and type of research ethics guidance. Further, judgments were influenced by the researchers' disease community (autism or CF), their primary role (clinical, molecular, statistical) and their beliefs regarding a general reporting obligation. In sum, judgments about the clinical significance of genetic research results, and about whether they should be reported, are influenced by scientific parameters as well as contextual factors related to the specific research project and the individual researcher. These findings call into question the assumption that the conditions under which an obligation to disclose arises are uniformly understood and actionable. Adjudicating the clinical readiness of provisional data may be a responsibility better suited to evaluative experts at arms' length of the provisional data in question, rather than a responsibility imposed upon researchers themselves.

Hayeems, Robin Zoe; Miller, Fiona Alice; Li, Li; Bytautas, Jessica Peace

2011-01-01

227

Report of the Anthropology Curriculum Study Project-Research Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study evaluated an Anthropology Curriculum Study Project course, "Patterns in Human History," used with high school students in a one year field test situation. Ethnographic and cognitive components of the curriculum were examined. The specific objective of the research was to examine the behavioral effects on students, teachers, and schools…

Parsons, T. W.; And Others

228

75 FR 27992 - Solicitation of Applications for the Research and Evaluation Program: FY 2010 Mapping Regional...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Research and Evaluation Program: FY 2010 Mapping Regional...the Research and Evaluation program, the Economic Development...American regions for growth and success in the worldwide economy. Through its Research and Evaluation program, EDA works towards...

2010-05-19

229

Evaluation Research Problems in Existential Psychotherapy with Couples and Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In existential psychotherapy with couples and families, practitioners demonstrate and report great suspicion for traditional empirical, evaluation, research methods. In this article, the authors review the major reasons for such suspicion from an existential point of view and outline the components of the “participation report,” which is often used by existential psychotherapists in their knowledge building efforts in practice with

Jim Lantz; Mary Ellen Kondrat

1997-01-01

230

Net cred: evaluating the internet as a research source  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show how web sites can be a valuable research source for students if approached with due caution. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This article is the product of collaboration between a sociology professor and a librarian. The authors discuss the nature of their collaboration and present their views on web evaluation in the context

Tony Doyle; John L. Hammond

2006-01-01

231

Evaluation of Building Energy Research Projects, Report No 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of this project was to evaluate the energy research work, which has been carried out in the field of building energy conservation during the last ten years. The other aim was to pick up the usable bits of information from the reports and convert t...

H. Ripati

1987-01-01

232

Markov Random Field Modelling of Genetic Algorithms Evaluation of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Proposed project Markov Random Field Modelling of Genetic Algorithm aims to introduce MOA: Markov Random Field Optimization Algorithm. The idea is based on the use of Markov Random Field models as a probabilistic model capturing the interdependency between variables in the GA chromosome,for better evolution of a solution. This report is a self evaluation of our research to

Siddhartha K Shakya

2004-01-01

233

Early Childhood Program Research and Evaluation. ERIC/AE Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In educational research and evaluation, a sample of subjects usually received some type of programmatic treatment. Outcome scores for these students are then compared with outcome scores of a control or comparison group. M. Lewis and H. McGurk (1972) have pointed out that there are some implicit assumptions when this approach is applied to…

Rudner, Lawrence M.

234

Technology transfer, evaluation, and partnerships. Transportation research record  

SciTech Connect

;Contents: Overcoming Communication Barriers to Effective Technology Transfer; Technology Transfer Program at California-Baja California International Border; Technology Transfer in Western Rural Areas; Highway Innovative Technology Evaluation Center: Collaborating To Expedite Introduction of Innovative Technologies; and Prospects for Progressing Research Through Partnership: Comment on Trends in the United Kingdom and the Technology Foresight Program.

NONE

1996-12-31

235

Evaluation of the frequency of immunization information system use for public health research.  

PubMed

Immunization information systems (IIS) have been useful for consolidating immunization data and increasing coverage, and have the potential to be a valuable resource for immunization research, but the extent which IIS data are used for research purposes has not been evaluated. We reviewed studies conducted using data from federally supported state and city immunization program IIS, and categorized research type based on study objectives to evaluate patterns in the types of research conducted. Research papers using IIS data published between 1999 and July 3, 2012 were identified by searching the CDC IIS publication database and PubMed. These searches produced 304 and 884 papers, respectively, 44 of which were eligible to be included in this evaluation. The most common research category was evaluation of factors associated with vaccine coverage and vaccine coverage estimates (n = 20). This study shows that IIS may not be used to their full potential with regards to research. Further research is needed to determine barriers to using IIS data for research purposes. PMID:23422024

Curran, Eileen A; Bednarczyk, Robert A; Omer, Saad B

2013-02-19

236

Case study as a research method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research method. These include the design and categories of case studies and how their robustness can be achieved.

Zaidah Zainal

2007-01-01

237

Evaluation of undergraduate research experience: Perceptions of undergraduate interns and their faculty mentors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the extent to which 14 research skills were enhanced by science undergraduates' participation in an undergraduate research experience (URE). Fifty-seven undergraduates self-rated their ability to perform the skills at the beginning and end of the URE. Faculty mentors' ratings of their respective interns' skills served as an objective measure of intern skill level. Mentor and intern data

CarolAnne M. Kardash

2000-01-01

238

Evaluation of an Undergraduate Research Experience: Perceptions of Undergraduate Interns and Their Faculty Mentors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the extent to which 14 research skills were enhanced by science undergraduates' participation in an undergraduate research experience (URE). Fifty-seven undergraduates self-rated their ability to perform the skills at the beginning and end of the URE. Faculty mentors' ratings of their respective interns' skills served as an objective measure of intern skill level. Mentor and intern data

CarolAnne M. Kardash

2000-01-01

239

Ethical Implications of Methodological Settings in Arts Management Research: The Case of Performance Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we analyze research on the evaluation of the artistic outcome of arts organizations. Inspired by Wicks and Freeman's new pragmatic approach to organization studies, we give an ethical question a central role in our analysis: to what extent is current research able to serve the needs of individual arts organizations and their communities? Our results highlight the

Francesco Chiaravalloti; Martin Piber

2011-01-01

240

Evaluation of risk equations for prediction of short-term coronary heart disease events in patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study  

PubMed Central

Background To evaluate the U.K. Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) and Framingham risk equations for predicting short-term risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events among adults with long-standing type 2 diabetes, including those with and without preexisting CHD. Methods Prospective cohort of U.S. managed care enrollees aged ? 18?years and mean diabetes duration of more than 10?years, participating in the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study, was followed for the first occurrence of CHD events from 2000 to 2003. The UKPDS and Framingham risk equations were evaluated for discriminating power and calibration. Results A total of 8303 TRIAD participants, were identified to evaluate the UKPDS (n?=?5914, 120 events), Framingham-initial (n?=?5914, 218 events) and Framingham-secondary (n?=?2389, 374 events) risk equations, according to their prior CHD history. All of these equations exhibited low discriminating power with Harrell’s c-index <0.65. All except the Framingham-initial equation for women and the Framingham-secondary equation for men had low levels of calibration. After adjsusting for the average values of predictors and event rates in the TRIAD population, the calibration of these equations greatly improved. Conclusions The UKPDS and Framingham risk equations may be inappropriate for predicting the short-term risk of CHD events in patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes, partly due to changes in medications used by patients with diabetes and other improvements in clinical care since the Frmaingham and UKPDS studies were conducted. Refinement of these equations to reflect contemporary CHD profiles, diagnostics and therapies are needed to provide reliable risk estimates to inform effective treatment.

2012-01-01

241

Research governance delays for a multicentre non-interventional study  

PubMed Central

Summary Objectives To evaluate the delay in research governance approval for a non-interventional, multicentre study in the United Kingdom. Design The times taken from application to the granting of research governance approval for an observational study of childhood stroke with ethical approval were prospectively recorded. Setting Ninety-two acute NHS Trusts in the United Kingdom. Main outcome measures Median delay (in working days) between application and research governance approval. Results The median delay between application and research governance approval was 43 working days (interquartile range 27–62, range 0–147). The reason for delay beyond 43 working days was inexplicable in 30 (70%) of 44 trusts. Conclusions There is considerable variation in the processes undertaken by research and development departments that can lead to significant delays in commencing an ethically approved study. Any improvements to the systems for gaining approval are welcome.

Mallick, Andrew A; O'Callaghan, Finbar JK

2009-01-01

242

Research priorities of midwives: a Delphi study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to identify the research priorities of midwives at Gold Coast Hospital (GCH), South East Queensland, Australia. It was also hoped that the study would help foster a culture of inquiry and reflection. Establishing and maintaining a research culture is essential to the provision of high quality maternity services. A two phase Delphi design was used. Fifty eight midwives participated in round one (50 per cent response rate) and 54 in round two (60 per cent response rate). Midwives identified post dates induction of labour and work place culture as areas of research interest. PMID:23590083

Jordan, Kayleen; Slavin, Valerie; Fenwick, Jennifer

2013-03-01

243

Applying DEA Technique to Library Evaluation in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study applied an analytical technique called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to calculate the relative technical efficiency of 95 academic research libraries, all members of the Association of Research Libraries. DEA, with the proper model of library inputs and outputs, can reveal best practices in the peer groups, as well as the technical…

Shim, Wonsik

2003-01-01

244

Computer-aided molecular modelling: research study or research tool?  

PubMed

Developments in computational methods and equipment have produced a new type of research chemist, who prefers to calculate properties as well as measure them, either to gain a better understanding of microscopic molecular behaviour per se, or to guide a broader scientific study using a so-called 'rational' approach. While there is good reason to believe that significant results can be obtained this way, it is clear that only some of the 'tools of the trade' are sufficiently robust to present to those who are not experts in the field. This paper discusses the underlying basis for molecular modelling techniques, describing their history, state of maturity and prospects for future development. The intention is to outline the scope that these play in an industrial research environment, and to examine how they can successfully be incorporated as routine research tools. Computer-based molecular modelling is not a unique discipline. Some comparisons are drawn between it and other computer-based techniques that have reached a greater degree of maturity, in order to highlight the points made. PMID:3236047

Dearing, A

1988-10-01

245

Study Design and Baseline Characteristics of the Study to Evaluate Carotid Ultrasound Changes in Patients Treated with Ramipril and Vitamin E: SECURE * * This study was supported by Research Grant Ul12363 from the Medicine Research Council of Canada, Ottawa; and by Hoechst Marion Roussel, Laval, Canada, Inc  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity in most developed countries. Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and vitamin E therapy may retard the atherosclerotic process; however, definitive proof in humans is lacking. The Study to Evaluate Carotid Ultrasound Changes in Patients Treated with Ramipril and Vitamin E (SECURE) is designed to assess

E. M Lonn; S Yusuf; C. I Doris; M. J Sabine; V Dzavik; K Hutchison; W. A Riley; J Tucker; J Pogue; W Taylor

1996-01-01

246

Evaluating from the Outside: Conducting Cross-Cultural Evaluation Research on an American Indian Reservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is limited guidance for conducting competent and responsive cross-cultural evaluation research with American Indian communities. The authors draw on Fisher and Ball's Tribal Participatory Research Model to highlight ways in which this project is attempting to be culturally appropriate and sensitive as they partner with an American Indian…

Letiecq, Bethany L.; Bailey, Sandra J.

2004-01-01

247

Going through the Process: An Examination of the Operationalization of Process Use in Empirical Research on Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study of the consequences of evaluation, or more specifically of evaluation use or utilization, represents a significant portion of the body of research on evaluation. Much has been written on the evolution of the multidimensional concept of evaluation use, most recently the examination of consequences of evaluation that are not a function of…

Amo, Courtney; Cousins, J. Bradley

2007-01-01

248

Evaluation of Research Article Abstracts in the narrative and Hard Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of evaluation in research article abstracts across disciplines. Results show differences in the manifestation, number, and type of explicit evaluations in the abstracts belonging to different disciplines in the field of the humanities, social and natural sciences. Also revealed differences in the rhetorical structure of the…

Stotesbury, Hilkka

2003-01-01

249

Worldwide trends in funding for contraceptive research and evaluation.  

PubMed

In the past 5 years funding has declined in constant dollars for reproductive and contraceptive research and for the evaluation of long-term contraceptive safety; there has been a general increase in coordination and planning among publicly supported programs, as well as between these programs and private industry. There has been no substantial relaxation of regulatory requirements, and little has been done to make contraceptive research and development (R and D) more attractive to industry. The threat of liability suits and the difficulty in obtaining product liability insurance have become more salient than 5 years ago. This is increasingly restricting clinical research into new methods by both private industry and publicly supported research groups. Nonetheless some major advances have been recorded over the same period. The NORPLANT system, the Today contraceptive sponge, the TCu 380A (a copper-bearing IUD), and biphasic and triphasic pills have all become available in at least some developed and developing countries. In addition, several methods are in advanced stages of clinical trial (e.g., injectable contraceptives for 1 and 6 months' duration; an improved implant, a progestin releasing vaginal ring and Gossypol for sperm inhibition). Presented here are the results of a worldwide survey conducted by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) of funding for reproductive research, contraceptive development and evaluation of the long-term safety of existing methods. Requests for data on expenditures for 1980-1983 were sent by the AGI to funding agencies, R and D organizations and pharmaceutical companies in the US, Australia, Europe, India and Japan, reported to be doing contraceptive research. Detailed information was sought about fundamental research in reproductive biology, training of pre- and postdoctoral reproductive scientistis, applied research in contraceptive technology and evaluation of the safety of currently marketed contraceptives. An estimated US$154.8 million was spent in 1979 for all 3 categories of research; this amount declined by 12% in 1980. By 1983, expenditures in constant dollars were 79% of the 1979 figure. Contraceptive R and D accounted for 41% of the total expenditures during 1980-1983, fundamental for 52% and long-term contraceptive safety evaluation for 7%. The principal methods under investigation during this period were improved oral contraceptives, other ovulation inhibitors, post-ovulatory methods and pregnancy vaccines. Expenditures for contraceptive development are also presented by contributing organization (publicly supported, private industry and mission-oriented research projects). 46% of funds for evaluation of long-term safety of existing methods were spent on evaluation of oral contraceptives and 16% on the long-term risks of vasectomy. Investigations of barrier methods hardly played any part in overall research on safety in 1980 and 1981; but by 1983 these expenditures were 2nd only to those for the pill. Over the 4-year period, 63% of the funds spent on all types of research were for projects involving female reporduction, 18% for male reproduction and 19% for both. PMID:3843535

Atkinson, L E; Lincoln, R; Forrest, J D

250

Conceptualising Qualitative Research in Curriculum Studies: an international study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research is becoming increasingly popular amongst curriculum subject specialists and this is noticeable amongst geographical educators seeking alternative approaches to conducting studies concerned with complex human phenomena. It has not been ascertained just what conception geographical educators have of qualitative research. In this paper we seek to address the questions: What is the experience of qualitative research possessed by

Rod Gerber; Michael Williams; Ove Biilmann

1995-01-01

251

GUIDANCE FOR RESEARCH HOUSE STUDIES OF THE FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM, VOLUME 1: RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides guidance and a readily available reference to groups involved with the Florida Radon Research Program's (FRRP's) research house studies. t includes: 1): Lists of Parameters for continuous and periodic high and low resolution measurements; (2) Protocols for cha...

252

Psychometric evaluation of a questionnaire and primary healthcare nurses' attitudes towards research and use of research findings.  

PubMed

AIM: This article investigates attitudes towards and awareness of research and use of research findings among primary healthcare nurses, determinants of attitudes and evaluation of psychometric properties of an instrument measuring nurses' attitudes. BACKGROUND: The production of new knowledge is ongoing and the amount of research of relevance for health care has increased, but there remains a gap between what is known and what is done in practice. To enhance evidence-based practice and patient safety, the use of research findings needs to be encouraged and promoted. METHOD: An explanatory study using a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005-2006. The survey included items about background data and the instrument attitudes towards and awareness of research and development in nursing. 1054 nurses participated in the study. Factor analyses and Cronbach's alpha were used to evaluate internal structure and internal consistency of the instrument. RESULT: The nurses generally held positive attitudes towards research. Although most of the nurses reported using research in practice, 37% claimed that they never or rarely used research findings. Half of the respondents perceived they had the ability to analyse scientific reports/articles. This ability and research use were significant determinants of attitudes. Factor analysis of the scale resulted in a three-factor solution, which differs from the seven-factor structure previously identified by the originators of the instrument. CONCLUSION: Our results support the view that implementation of research is a complex process involving several factors. The different factor structure identified suggests that further work is needed on this instrument. PMID:23517064

Nilsson Kajermo, Kerstin; Alinaghizadeh, Hassan; Falk, Ulla; Wändell, Per; Törnkvist, Lena

2013-03-20

253

Toward a document evaluation methodology: what does research tell us about the validity and reliability of evaluation methods?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the usefulness of evaluating documents has become generally accepted among communication professionals, the supporting research that puts evaluation practices empirically to the test is only beginning to emerge. This article presents an overview of the available research on troubleshooting evaluation methods. Four lines of research are distinguished concerning the validity of evaluation methods, sample composition, sample size, and the

Jong de Menno; Peter Jan Schellens

2000-01-01

254

Dilemmas in Youth Employment Programming: Findings from the Youth Research and Technical Assistance Project. Volumes I and II. Research and Evaluation Report Series 92-C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 2-volume set contains 10 papers, 5 in each volume, that review and evaluate findings from the Youth Research and Technical Assistance Project, whose purpose was not only to explore studies and evaluations related to youth training and employment programs but also to provide a broader synthesis of evidence, findings, and research from related…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

255

Evaluation of the research agenda for rehabilitation nursing.  

PubMed

From 1993 to 1995, under the direction of the board of directors of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses (ARN), the Rehabilitation Nursing Foundation (RNF) created a research agenda for the field, which was published in 1996. The goal of the agenda was to identify a broad range of issues in rehabilitation practice that could be examined to advance the scientific knowledge base. Ten years later, the board of directors of ARN directed RNF to evaluate and update the agenda. A committee of three ARN members was formed to undertake this task. This article reports the committee's evaluation of the 1996 Rehabilitation Nursing Research Agenda. A separate article reports on the process of revising the agenda. PMID:17133925

Jacelon, Cynthia S; Pierce, Linda L; Buhrer, Richard

256

A Different Approach to the Evaluation of Research Libraries. Research Brief No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1996, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) supported a project at Rutgers University that applied new economic theories to measuring how well research libraries fulfill their service roles. This summary draws on the original proposal and the final report from the project's directors. The evaluation of library performance is…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

257

Research priorities in medical education: A national study  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: One preliminary step to strengthen medical education research would be determining the research priorities. The aim of this study was to determine the research priorities of medical education in Iran in 2007-2008. METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out in two phases. Phase one was performed in 3 stages and used Delphi technique among academic staffs of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The three stages included a brainstorming workshop for 140 faculty members and educational experts resulting in a list of research priorities, then, in the second and third stages 99 and 76 questionnaires were distributed among faculty members. In the second phase, the final questionnaires were mailed to educational research center managers of universities type I, II and III, and were distributed among 311 academic members and educational experts to rate the items on a numerical scale ranging from 1 to 10. RESULTS: The most important research priorities included faculty members’ development methods, faculty members’ motives, satisfaction and welfare, criteria and procedures of faculty members’ promotion, teaching methods and learning techniques, job descriptions and professional skills of graduates, quality management in education, second language, clinical education, science production in medicine, faculty evaluation and information technology. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the medial education research priorities in national level and in different types of medical universities in Iran. It is recommended that faculty members and research administrators consider the needs and requirements of education and plan the researches in education according to these priorities.

Tootoonchi, Mina; Yamani, Nikoo; Changiz, Tahereh; Yousefy, Alireza

2012-01-01

258

Pasadena City College SIGI Project Research Design. Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pilot study evaluation of SIGI (System of Interactive Guidance and Information) at Pasadena City College in 1974-75 tested the effectiveness of an experimental research design for an expanded field test of the system the following year. (SIGI is a computer based career guidance program designed by Educational Testing Service to assist community…

Risser, John J.; Tulley, John E.

259

Use of Internet Sources in International Studies Teaching and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This bibliographic review discusses and evaluates cost-free, reliable, quality online content useful to academics in international studies teach-ing and research at the college level, including how and where to locate such materials through guides, directories, gateway sites, repositories, and various types of search engines; considerations about Internet use in college classes; and undergraduate assignments that use sources of information from

Wayne A. Selcher

2005-01-01

260

Feeling grateful: a parse research method study.  

PubMed

The author in this article reports a Parse research method study on the universal experience of feeling grateful with 10 participants living in community. The central finding of this study is the structure: The living experience of feeling grateful is potent elation amid tribulation arises with the assuredness-unassuredness of benevolent alliances. The findings are discussed in relation to the humanbecoming school of thought and related literature. New knowledge generated from this study: (a) explicates unique ways of becoming related to feeling grateful, (b) enhances understanding of ways of connecting with persons in practice, and (c) reveals phenomena for further research. PMID:23575493

Hart, Judith D

2013-04-01

261

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research: Human Drug Advisory Committees  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDA has just announced a new Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Website: Human Drug Advisory Committees (the CDER was last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). Both sites should be useful to health care professionals. The site overviews FDA advisory committees' discussions about drugs submitted for approval (including selected transcripts), and supplies briefing documents, notice of upcoming committee meetings, and information on nominating members to advisory committees.

2001-01-01

262

Federally Sponsored Multidisciplinary Research Centers: Learning, Evaluation, and Vicious Circles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing investment in multi-year federally funded science and technology centers in universities, there are few studies of how these centers engage in learning and change based on information submitted from various agents in the oversight and evaluation process. One challenge is how to manage and respond to this evaluative

Youtie, Jan; Corley, Elizabeth A.

2011-01-01

263

The First Year of Postgraduate Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The way in which graduate students attending British universities approach their one year of research study and the problems they encounter as graduate students were studied as part of an investigation into postgraduate education undertaken at the University of Aberdeen. Of the 77 students, 56 (39 Ph.D., 17 Master's candidates) were registered in…

Welsh, Jennifer M.

264

Evaluation Policy to Implementation: An Evaluation of Scientifically Based Research in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluation policies set an important frame of reference for how evaluations are implemented. Despite the central influence that policies play in how evaluations are conducted, little empirical work has been conducted to better understand how these policies are interpreted and implemented. This paper describes the findings of case study evaluation

Christie, Christina A.; Fierro, Leslie A.

2012-01-01

265

Finding qualitative research: an evaluation of search strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research makes an important contribution to our understanding of health and healthcare. However, qualitative evidence can be difficult to search for and identify, and the effectiveness of different types of search strategies is unknown. Methods Three search strategies for qualitative research in the example area of support for breast-feeding were evaluated using six electronic bibliographic databases. The strategies were based on using thesaurus terms, free-text terms and broad-based terms. These strategies were combined with recognised search terms for support for breast-feeding previously used in a Cochrane review. For each strategy, we evaluated the recall (potentially relevant records found) and precision (actually relevant records found). Results A total yield of 7420 potentially relevant records was retrieved by the three strategies combined. Of these, 262 were judged relevant. Using one strategy alone would miss relevant records. The broad-based strategy had the highest recall and the thesaurus strategy the highest precision. Precision was generally poor: 96% of records initially identified as potentially relevant were deemed irrelevant. Searching for qualitative research involves trade-offs between recall and precision. Conclusions These findings confirm that strategies that attempt to maximise the number of potentially relevant records found are likely to result in a large number of false positives. The findings also suggest that a range of search terms is required to optimise searching for qualitative evidence. This underlines the problems of current methods for indexing qualitative research in bibliographic databases and indicates where improvements need to be made.

Shaw, Rachel L; Booth, Andrew; Sutton, Alex J; Miller, Tina; Smith, Jonathan A; Young, Bridget; Jones, David R; Dixon-Woods, Mary

2004-01-01

266

Evaluation of the medical student research programme in Norwegian medical schools. A survey of students and supervisors  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Medical Student Research Programme is a national education and grant scheme for medical students who wish to carry out research in parallel with their studies. The purpose of the programme is to increase recruitment of people with a standard medical degree to medical research. The Research Programme was established in 2002 and underwent a thorough evaluation during the

Steinar Hunskaar; Jarle Breivik; Maje Siebke; Karin Tømmerås; Kristian Figenschau; John-Bjarne Hansen

2009-01-01

267

A framework for evaluating eHealth research.  

PubMed

Health care is in the midst of a consumer-oriented technology explosion. Individuals of all ages and backgrounds have discovered eHealth. But the challenges of implementing and evaluating eHealth are just beginning to surface, and, as technology changes, new challenges emerge. Evaluation is critical to the future of eHealth. This article addresses four dimensions of eHealth evaluation: (1) design and methodology issues; (2) challenges related to the technology itself; (3) environmental issues that are not specific to eHealth but pose special problems for eHealth researchers; and (4) logistic or administrative concerns of the evaluation methodology selected. We suggest that these four dimensions must be integrated to provide a holistic framework for designing and implementing eHealth research projects, as well as for understanding the totality of the eHealth intervention. The framework must be flexible enough to adapt to a variety of end users, regardless of whether the end user is a healthcare organization, a for-profit business, a community organization, or an individual. The framework is depicted as a puzzle with four interlocking pieces. PMID:17950868

Dansky, Kathryn H; Thompson, Debbe; Sanner, Tammy

2006-10-09

268

Evaluation of North Carolina's Structured Sentencing Law. Research in Brief.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document summarizes the results of a National Institute of Justice sponsored study that evaluated the effects of a 1994 legislated sentencing reform in North Carolina. Sentencing reforms have proliferated in the United States since the 1970s. These c...

J. J. Collins D. L. Spencer

2001-01-01

269

An evaluation approach for research project pilot technological applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a world increasingly more competitive and in a constantly development and growth it's important that companies have economic tools, like frameworks to help them to evaluate and validate the technology development to better fits in each company particular needs. The paper presents an evaluation approach for research project pilot applications to stimulate its implementation and deployment, increasing its adequacy and acceptance to their stakeholders and consequently providing new business profit and opportunities. Authors used the DECIDE evaluation framework as a major guide to this approach, which was tested in the iSURF project to support the implementation of an interoperability service utility for collaborative supply chain planning across multiple domains supported by RFID devices.

Marcelino-Jesus, Elsa; Sarraipa, Joao; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

2013-10-01

270

Trends in bio-behavioral gambling studies research: quantifying citations.  

PubMed

Both the National Gambling Impact Study Commission and the National Academy of Sciences have evaluated the current state of gambling studies research in general while making specific suggestions for future efforts in the psychological and biomedical areas in particular. Recognizing the importance of evaluating the state of the field on a macro level, this paper considers and categorizes several decades of psychological and biomedical gambling research. By examining the number of references to gambling in two major bibliographic databases, quantifiable trends and observations are presented about gambling-related psychological and biomedical research. Two trends in particular are salient: the rate at which gambling-related articles are published in scholarly journals is increasing, and the plurality of these articles deals with issues of cognition and personality as related to gambling. PMID:14634309

Eber, G B; Shaffer, H J

2000-01-01

271

45 CFR 690.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Early termination of research support: Evaluation...FOUNDATION PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 690...Early termination of research support: Evaluation...rights and welfare of human subjects (whether or not the research was subject to...

2011-10-01

272

49 CFR 11.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Early termination of research support: Evaluation...Transportation PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS § 11.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation...rights and welfare of human subjects (whether or not the research was subject to...

2011-10-01

273

How to Critically Evaluate Case Studies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to develop guidelines to assist practitioners and researchers in evaluating and developing rigorous case studies. The main concern in evaluating a case study is to accurately assess its quality and ultimately to offer clients social work interventions informed by the best available evidence. To assess the quality of…

Lee, Eunjung; Mishna, Faye; Brennenstuhl, Sarah

2010-01-01

274

How to Critically Evaluate Case Studies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to develop guidelines to assist practitioners and researchers in evaluating and developing rigorous case studies. The main concern in evaluating a case study is to accurately assess its quality and ultimately to offer clients social work interventions informed by the best available evidence. To assess the quality of…

Lee, Eunjung; Mishna, Faye; Brennenstuhl, Sarah

2010-01-01

275

Reye's Syndrome: A Review of Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Clinical and pathological studies of Reye's syndrome indicate that symptoms range from influenza-related encephalitis-type disease to cranial pressure, cerebral edema, hemorrhage, and coma. Biochemical research on the blood, ammonia, and the liver is increasing in sophistication, and hopes for future insight into the etiology of Reye's syndrome…

Lopez, Thomas P.; And Others

1982-01-01

276

Interdisciplinary Study: Research as Part of Artmaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As education budgets shrink, art teachers need to find ways to position the study of art closer to mainstream academics by exploring concepts that cut across disciplinary boundaries. Art teachers can challenge students to do serious and thorough research about subject matter partnering with teachers in other areas to select subject matter that is…

Eubanks, Paula

2012-01-01

277

Leading with integrity: a qualitative research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper gives an account of a study into the relationship between leadership and integrity. There is a critical analysis of the current literature for effective, successful and ethical leadership particularly, integrity. The purpose and aim of this paper is to build on the current notions of leadership within the literature, debate contemporary approaches, focussing specifically on practices within

Lorna Storr

2004-01-01

278

The Michigan Disability Prevention Study: Research Highlights  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 3-year collaborative research project was designed to provide empirical evidence to substantiate the impact of various employer policies and practices on the prevention and management of workplace disability. It studied a random sample of 220 Michigan establishments with more than 100 employees from seven different industries who responded to a mail survey in the first half of 1991. The

H. Allan Hunt; Rochelle Virginia Habeck

1993-01-01

279

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving,…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

280

Interdisciplinary Study: Research as Part of Artmaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As education budgets shrink, art teachers need to find ways to position the study of art closer to mainstream academics by exploring concepts that cut across disciplinary boundaries. Art teachers can challenge students to do serious and thorough research about subject matter partnering with teachers in other areas to select subject matter that is…

Eubanks, Paula

2012-01-01

281

Postgraduate Students' Experiences in Interdisciplinary Research Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many postgraduate interdisciplinary research (IDR) candidates in the applied disciplines work across two or more traditional areas of study. Such candidates often spend considerable time on knowledge-building activities outside their home (or undergraduate) disciplines; IDR candidates venture into new fields and are exposed to the cultures and…

Winberg, C.; Barnes, V.; Ncube, K.; Tshinu, S.

2011-01-01

282

Endotoxin Studies And Biosolids Stabilization Research  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation has three parts; a review of bench-scale endotoxin research, a review of observations from a field scale endotoxin release study, and discussion of biosolids stabilization and characterization by PLFA/FAME microbial community analysis. Endotoxins are part of th...

283

Design and Evaluation of a PDA-based Research Platform for Cochlear Implants.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the design, development, features and clinical evaluation of a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) based platform for cochlear implant research. This highly versatile and portable research platform allows researchers to design and perform complex experiments with cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation with great ease and flexibility. The research platform includes a portable processor for implementing and evaluating novel speech processing algorithms, a stimulator unit which can be used for electrical stimulation and neurophysiologic studies with animals, and a recording unit for collecting electroencephalogram/evoked potentials from human subjects. Design of the platform for real-time and offline stimulation modes is discussed for electric-only and electric plus acoustic stimulation followed by results from an acute study with implant users for speech intelligibility in quiet and noisy conditions. The results are comparable with users' clinical processor and very promising for undertaking chronic studies. PMID:23674422

Ali, Hussnain; Lobo, Arthur; Loizou, Philipos; Hansen, John

2013-05-13

284

On the automatic activation of attitudes: a quarter century of evaluative priming research.  

PubMed

Evaluation is a fundamental concept in psychological science. Limitations of self-report measures of evaluation led to an explosion of research on implicit measures of evaluation. One of the oldest and most frequently used implicit measurement paradigms is the evaluative priming paradigm developed by Fazio, Sanbonmatsu, Powell, and Kardes (1986). This paradigm has received extensive attention in psychology and is used to investigate numerous phenomena ranging from prejudice to depression. The current review provides a meta-analysis of a quarter century of evaluative priming research: 73 studies yielding 125 independent effect sizes from 5,367 participants. Because judgments people make in evaluative priming paradigms can be used to tease apart underlying processes, this meta-analysis examined the impact of different judgments to test the classic encoding and response perspectives of evaluative priming. As expected, evidence for automatic evaluation was found, but the results did not exclusively support either of the classic perspectives. Results suggest that both encoding and response processes likely contribute to evaluative priming but are more nuanced than initially conceptualized by the classic perspectives. Additionally, there were a number of unexpected findings that influenced evaluative priming such as segmenting trials into discrete blocks. We argue that many of the findings of this meta-analysis can be explained with 2 recent evaluative priming perspectives: the attentional sensitization/feature-specific attention allocation and evaluation window perspectives. PMID:23339522

Herring, David R; White, Katherine R; Jabeen, Linsa N; Hinojos, Michelle; Terrazas, Gabriela; Reyes, Stephanie M; Taylor, Jennifer H; Crites, Stephen L

2013-01-21

285

Selecting the sample for a research study.  

PubMed

Sample selection is a very important but sometimes underestimated part of a research study. Sampling theory describes two sampling domains: probability and nonprobability. Probability samples contain some type of randomization and consist of simple, stratified, systematic, cluster, and sequential types. Nonprobability samples lack randomization and consist of convenience or accidental, purposive, quota, volunteer, and expert types. The primary distinction between the two domains is that the probability sampling study findings can be generalized to the target population while the nonprobability sampling study findings can only be generalized to the institution where the sample was studied. PMID:1833537

Summers, S

1991-10-01

286

Content Validity in Evaluation and Policy-Relevant Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of content validity in policy-relevant research is illustrated in a study contrasting results of surveys concerning public opinion toward gun control. Inadequate content validity threatened inferences about the overall level of support for gun control, but not about opinion difference between sexes or respondents of varying political…

Mark, Melvin M.; And Others

1985-01-01

287

Content Validity in Evaluation and Policy-Relevant Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of content validity in policy-relevant research is illustrated in a study contrasting results of surveys concerning public opinion toward gun control. Inadequate content validity threatened inferences about the overall level of support for gun control, but not about opinion difference between sexes or respondents of varying political…

Mark, Melvin M.; And Others

1985-01-01

288

How Do Instructional Designers Evaluate? A Qualitative Study of Evaluation in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study employed a qualitative research design to investigate how instructional designers use evaluation in everyday design practice. While past research has examined how designers spend their time, how they generally make decisions, and expert-novice differences, little attention has been paid to use of context, input, process, or product…

Williams, David D.; South, Joseph B.; Yanchar, Stephen C.; Wilson, Brent G.; Allen, Stephanie

2011-01-01

289

An Evaluation Tool for Machine Translation: Fast Evaluation for MT Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a tool for the evaluation of translat ion quality. First, the typical requirements of such a tool i n the framework of machine translation (MT) research are discussed. We define e valuation criteria which are more adequate than pure edit distance and we describe how the measurement along these quality criteria is performed semi-automaticallyin a

Gregor Leusch; Hermann Ney; RWTH Aachen

2000-01-01

290

Ten year research update (2001-2010): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence).  

PubMed

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 2001-2010 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial, referred to in this article as adjudicative competence. The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (i) systemic issues, (ii) conceptual guidelines for AC evaluations, (iii) AC assessment methods, (iv) empirical correlates of AC judgments and psycholegal abilities, (v) quality of AC evaluations and reports, (vi) interpretive issues, (vii) special populations (defendants who are elderly, defendants with intellectual disabilities), (viii) AC evaluations of juveniles, and (ix) treatment of incompetent defendants. Suggestions are offered for further research to advance the quality of clinical evaluations of adjudicative competence. PMID:23348511

Fogel, Michael H; Schiffman, Wendy; Mumley, Denise; Tillbrook, Chad; Grisso, Thomas

2013-01-24

291

Sex education: Evaluation and recommendations for future study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article briefly outlines the current rationale, goals, and scope of sex education programs. The available research on the effectiveness of these programs is reviewed. A majority of the program evaluation studies in sex education suffer from poor research design. Often no formal outcome assessment has been undertaken. However, the information available largely supports the notion that sex education can

Jacqueline R. Voss

1980-01-01

292

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987?1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987 - 1998. F. Garcõ´a-Rõ´o, S. Serrano, A. Dorgham, R. Alvarez-Sala, A. Ruiz Pena, J.M. Pino, J.L. Alvarez-Sala, J. Villamor. #ERS Journals Ltd 2001. ABSTRACT: This study analyses the evolution of the bibliometric indicators of productivity and repercussion of European Union (EU) research into the respiratory system during

F. García-Río; S. Serrano; A. Dorgham; R. Alvarez-Sala; A. Ruiz Peña; J. M. Pino; J. L. Alvarez-Sala; J. Villamor

2001-01-01

293

Evaluation of Clinical Research Training Programs Using the Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to measure change in clinical research self-efficacy after participating in KL2, Postdoctoral and Predoctoral clinical research training programs at Washington University School of Medicine. We surveyed program participants using a 76-item version of the Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory (CRAI). Principal components analysis (PCA) examined the CRAI's underlying factor structure; Cronbach alpha measured the internal consistency of items on each subscale and the overall CRAI. CRAI score changes from baseline to 1-year follow-up were assessed using repeated measures analysis of variance. All 29 KL2, 47 Postdoctoral, and 31 TL1 scholars enrolled 2006-2009 (mean age 31.6 years, range 22-44; 59.6% female; 65.4 % white) completed baseline surveys. Of these participants, 22 KL2, 17 Postdoctoral and 21 TL1scholars completed the 1-year follow-up assessment. PCA resulted in a 7-factor solution with 69 items (alphas > .849 for each sub-scale and 69-item CRAI). Significant improvements at 1-year follow-up were observed across all programs for Study Design/Data Analysis (P=.016), Interpreting/Reporting/Presenting (P=.034), and overall CRAI (P=.050). Differences between programs were observed for all but one subscale (each P<.05). Clinical research self-efficacy increased one year after clinical research training. Whether this short-term outcome correlates with long-term clinical research productivity requires further study.

Lipira, Lauren; Jeffe, Donna B.; Krauss, Melissa; Garbutt, Jane; Piccirillo, Jay; Evanoff, Bradley; Fraser, Victoria

2010-01-01

294

A framework to evaluate research capacity building in health care  

PubMed Central

Background Building research capacity in health services has been recognised internationally as important in order to produce a sound evidence base for decision-making in policy and practice. Activities to increase research capacity for, within, and by practice include initiatives to support individuals and teams, organisations and networks. Little has been discussed or concluded about how to measure the effectiveness of research capacity building (RCB) Discussion This article attempts to develop the debate on measuring RCB. It highlights that traditional outcomes of publications in peer reviewed journals and successful grant applications may be important outcomes to measure, but they may not address all the relevant issues to highlight progress, especially amongst novice researchers. They do not capture factors that contribute to developing an environment to support capacity development, or on measuring the usefulness or the 'social impact' of research, or on professional outcomes. The paper suggests a framework for planning change and measuring progress, based on six principles of RCB, which have been generated through the analysis of the literature, policy documents, empirical studies, and the experience of one Research and Development Support Unit in the UK. These principles are that RCB should: develop skills and confidence, support linkages and partnerships, ensure the research is 'close to practice', develop appropriate dissemination, invest in infrastructure, and build elements of sustainability and continuity. It is suggested that each principle operates at individual, team, organisation and supra-organisational levels. Some criteria for measuring progress are also given. Summary This paper highlights the need to identify ways of measuring RCB. It points out the limitations of current measurements that exist in the literature, and proposes a framework for measuring progress, which may form the basis of comparison of RCB activities. In this way it could contribute to establishing the effectiveness of these interventions, and establishing a knowledge base to inform the science of RCB.

Cooke, Jo

2005-01-01

295

Practical Guidelines for Evaluating Sampling Designs in Survey Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The popularity of sample surveys in evaluation and research makes it necessary for consumers to tell a good survey from a poor one. Several sources were identified that gave advice on how to evaluate a sample design used in a survey study. The sources are either too limited or too extensive to be useful practically. The purpose of this paper is…

Fan, Xitao; Wang, Lin

296

Evaluation of Community College Instruction: A Background Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Highland Community College (Illinois) is currently developing procedures for the formal evaluation of its instruction, and will use this study on current practices and problems as a foundation. A review of recent research on the purposes of evaluation indicates that the most widely acceptable is the improvement of instruction. Appropriate…

Highland Community Coll., Freeport, IL.

297

Continental Controls Tiny Buoy: Evaluation at the Field Research Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of a small wave measuring buoy developed by Continental Controls & Design, Inc. The Tiny Wave Buoy (TWB) transmits directional wave spectra via an Iridium satellite link. The objective was to test the...

K. Hathaway

2008-01-01

298

Research on the quantitative evaluation system for unmanned ground vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first Chinese unmanned ground vehicles competition - The 2009 Future Challenge: Intelligent Vehicles and Beyond (FC'09) pushed China's unmanned vehicles out of laboratories and into application environments. In order to further promote the development of unmanned vehicle technologies, the test and evaluation system for unmanned vehicles needs to be studied. The design method of test environment is proposed in

Guangming Xiong; Xijun Zhao; Haiou Liu; Shaobin Wu; Jianwei Gong; Haojie Zhang; Huachun Tan; Huiyan Chen

2010-01-01

299

Strategies for Evaluating a Freshman Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study developed an economic model for the evaluation of Seaton Hall University's freshman studies program. Two techniques used to evaluate the economic success of the program are break-even analysis and elasticity coefficient. (Author/MLW)

Ketkar, Kusum; Bennett, Shelby D.

1989-01-01

300

Industrial marketing research for an emerging technology: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A general evaluation of fluidized bed, waste-heat recovery equipment (FBWHR) marketability is made. Consideration is given to the technical, economical, and the marketability aspects of the technology. The primary purpose for conducting a marketing research study was to assess industry interest, attitudes, decision-making processes, and performance requirements concerning waste-heat recovery equipment in general and FBWHR technology in particular. The first

Grogan

1981-01-01

301

MULTI THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES IN AN ABDUCTIVE ACTION RESEARCH STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an ongoing abductive research process with two researchers, with different educational background, involved in the same action research, thus having different theoretical perspectives on the study. The method of involving two researchers in the same study is not main stream in action research. The empirical data is analysed based on the two research perspectives and on parallel

Annika Olsson; Malin Olander

302

Evaluating Community-Based Participatory Research to Improve Community-Partnered Science and Community Health  

PubMed Central

Background Since 2007, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) Policy Research Center (PRC) has partnered with the Universities of New Mexico and Washington to study the science of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Our goal is to identify facilitators and barriers to effective community–academic partnerships in American Indian and other communities, which face health disparities. Objectives We have described herein the scientific design of our National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded study (2009–2013) and lessons learned by having a strong community partner leading the research efforts. Methods The research team is implementing a mixed-methods study involving a survey of principal investigators (PIs) and partners across the nation and in-depth case studies of CBPR projects. Results We present preliminary findings on methods and measures for community-engaged research and eight lessons learned thus far regarding partnership evaluation, advisory councils, historical trust, research capacity development of community partner, advocacy, honoring each other, messaging, and funding. Conclusions Study methodologies and lessons learned can help community–academic research partnerships translate research in communities.

Hicks, Sarah; Duran, Bonnie; Wallerstein, Nina; Avila, Magdalena; Belone, Lorenda; Lucero, Julie; Magarati, Maya; Mainer, Elana; Martin, Diane; Muhammad, Michael; Oetzel, John; Pearson, Cynthia; Sahota, Puneet; Simonds, Vanessa; Sussman, Andrew; Tafoya, Greg; Hat, Emily White

2013-01-01

303

Building Theories from Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of inducting theory using case studies-from\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Some features\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of the process, such as problem definition and construct validation,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009are similar to hypothesis-testing research. Others, such as within-case\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009analysis and replication logic, are unique to the inductive, case-oriented\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009process. Overall, the process described here is highly iterative\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and tightly

Kathleen M Eisenhardt

1989-01-01

304

Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: With over 1 million children served by the US Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use…

Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

305

Applying Generalizability Theory To Evaluate Treatment Effect in Single-Subject Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An empirical investigation of methodological issues associated with evaluating treatment effect in single-subject research (SSR) designs is presented. This investigation: (1) conducted a generalizability (G) study to identify the sources of systematic and random measurement error (SRME); (2) used an analytic approach based on G theory to…

Lefebvre, Daniel J.; Suen, Hoi K.

306

Evaluation of the IRAD sonic extensometers for application in the Canadian Underground Research Laboratory (FY 1983)  

SciTech Connect

This report supplements an earlier study that discussed the suitability of using the IRAD sonic extensometer in the Underground Research Laboratory proposed by the Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd. In particular, it addresses the first and fourth recommendations made in that report concerning the basic accuracy of the instrument and evaluation of the electronic circuitry, respectively.

Glenn, H.D.; Butler, L.S.

1983-09-01

307

Evaluation of Family Planning Programmes, An Example from Botswana. Research for Action No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1969 the International Planned Parenthood Federation has worked with the government of Botswana in setting up family planning services. An evaluation of the family planning aspects of the program were carried out. This is a summary of three research studies and some general comments. Included is: (1) an introduction to Botswana and the…

Cook, Sheila

308

A Performance Evaluation of the Collaborative Efforts in an Online Group Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the performance of 13 graduate students' collaborative efforts toward a group research project in an Instructional Analysis, Design, and Evaluation online course. Gaps between course expectations from the instructor and student collaborative performance were identified through the review of the team agreement, the use of…

Brown, Lori A.; Eastham, Nicholas P.; Ku, Heng-Yu

2006-01-01

309

Evaluation of Pertinent Sources of Volunteer Bias in Behavior Therapy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluated the likelihood that volunteers for behavior therapy research are self-selected on variables known to moderate therapeutic outcomes. Compared with nonvolunteers, volunteers reported greater anxiety and externality. Among speech-anxious subjects, however, no volunteer bias was observed. (Author)

Cash, Thomas F.; Janda, Louis H.

1977-01-01

310

A Performance Evaluation of the Collaborative Efforts in an Online Group Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the performance of 13 graduate students' collaborative efforts toward a group research project in an Instructional Analysis, Design, and Evaluation online course. Gaps between course expectations from the instructor and student collaborative performance were identified through the review of the team agreement, the use of…

Brown, Lori A.; Eastham, Nicholas P.; Ku, Heng-Yu

2006-01-01

311

Farmers' Attitude towards a Participatory Research Method Used to Evaluate Weed Management Strategies in Bananas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, farmers were engaged in a participatory research project and their attitudes evaluated. The purpose was to identify the characteristics of farmers who are favourably predisposed towards meaningful participation in the process. Several cover crops were tested for possible use in the management of watergrass ("Commelina diffusa"), a…

Ganpat, Wayne G.; Isaac, Wendy-Ann P.; Brathwaite, Richard A. I.; Bekele, Isaac

2009-01-01

312

Scientific and Ethical Reflections on Academic Corruption in Universities: On the Science Research Evaluation System in China's Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the science research activities in China's institutions of higher learning in recent years indicates that there is a major connection between the current instances of corruption in scientific research at colleges and universities and the evaluations system for scientific research implemented at many of the colleges and universities.…

Xiaochun, Wu; Dan, Jia

2007-01-01

313

Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practice-oriented book brings together research and evaluation approaches and supporting case studies from educational researchers and teachers. The emphasis is on changing practice in higher education and the research that underpins desirable development. Following an introduction, chapter 1 presents Educational Development Changing Practice…

Macdonald, Ranald; Wisdom, James

314

Scientific and Ethical Reflections on Academic Corruption in Universities: On the Science Research Evaluation System in China's Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the science research activities in China's institutions of higher learning in recent years indicates that there is a major connection between the current instances of corruption in scientific research at colleges and universities and the evaluations system for scientific research implemented at many of the colleges and universities.…

Xiaochun, Wu; Dan, Jia

2007-01-01

315

Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practice-oriented book brings together research and evaluation approaches and supporting case studies from educational researchers and teachers. The emphasis is on changing practice in higher education and the research that underpins desirable development. Following an introduction, chapter 1 presents Educational Development Changing…

Macdonald, Ranald; Wisdom, James

316

It's all about relationships: A qualitative study of health researchers' perspectives of conducting interdisciplinary health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary research has been promoted as an optimal research paradigm in the health sciences, yet little is known about how researchers experience interdisciplinarity in practice. This study sought to determine how interdisciplinary research was conceptualized and operationalized from the researcher's perspective and to better understand how best to facilitate interdisciplinary research success. METHODS: Key informant interviews were conducted with

Kalpana M Nair; Lisa Dolovich; Kevin Brazil; Parminder Raina

2008-01-01

317

Evaluating standards in cross-language research: a critique of Squires' criteria.  

PubMed

Innovative methods to conduct cross-language research continue to evolve. There is a need to evaluate the processes involved in cross-language research to assess the extent to which they are fit for purpose from an epistemological point of view, and the subsequent impact on quality of resultant findings. Debate continues about the application of evaluative criteria to qualitative research, not least because of the multiplicity of worldviews and perspectives associated with different qualitative research paradigms. In this article we use two of the authors' studies to discuss how we assess whether methodologies underpinning cross-language research and the choice of methods used are 'fit for purpose'. We use Squires' (2009) 14 criteria to evaluate cross-language nursing and health sciences research based around conceptual equivalence, translator credentials, translator role/competence and study methods, and consider their value as an heuristic or a guide to encourage reflexivity and fuller accounting of the justifications for the approaches taken. PMID:21571272

Croot, Elizabeth J; Lees, Janet; Grant, Gordon

2011-05-14

318

Ground motion input in seismic evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

This report documents research pertaining to conservatism and variability in seismic risk estimates. Specifically, it examines whether or not artificial motions produce unrealistic evaluation demands, i.e., demands significantly inconsistent with those expected from real earthquake motions. To study these issues, two types of artificial motions are considered: (a) motions with smooth response spectra, and (b) motions with realistic variations in spectral amplitude across vibration frequency. For both types of artificial motion, time histories are generated to match target spectral shapes. For comparison, empirical motions representative of those that might result from strong earthquakes in the Eastern U.S. are also considered. The study findings suggest that artificial motions resulting from typical simulation approaches (aimed at matching a given target spectrum) are generally adequate and appropriate in representing the peak-response demands that may be induced in linear structures and equipment responding to real earthquake motions. Also, given similar input Fourier energies at high-frequencies, levels of input Fourier energy at low frequencies observed for artificial motions are substantially similar to those levels noted in real earthquake motions. In addition, the study reveals specific problems resulting from the application of Western U.S. type motions for seismic evaluation of Eastern U.S. nuclear power plants.

Sewell, R.T.; Wu, S.C.

1996-07-01

319

A STUDY OF TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION BY RESEARCHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the recent development of an e-research agenda. e-Research is taken as the latest stage of the e-science programme, which – as developed in tandem with web 2.0 tools – has begun to be adopted by researchers. This paper discusses these research infrastructures before current research investigating the relationship between academic researchers and technology is reviewed. The results

Nick Pearce

2010-01-01

320

Evaluation and monitoring of transportation control measures. Final research report, September 1991-September 1995  

SciTech Connect

The mandates of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAAs) and Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program require the evaluation and monitoring of transportation control measure (TCM) emission impacts. The objective of the research documented herein was to investigate issues related to the evaluation and monitoring of TCM impacts. Researchers reviewed the advantages and limitations of TCM evaluation methods currently available, and identified two critical issues which influence their capabilities and accuracy. The TCM evaluation methods reviewed include the use of comparative empirical data, network-based models, and sketch-planning tools. The structure of TCM monitoring programs was also studied. Monitoring programs are presented for four TCMs: transit plazas, intersection improvements, ridesharing, and park-and-ride lots.

Knapp, K.K.; Rao, K.S.; Crawford, J.A.; Krammes, R.A.

1995-09-01

321

Training Evaluation: An Empirical Study in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of training evaluation activity and challenges in 77 Kuwaiti organizations found that most respondents evaluate their programs only occasionally through the use of questionnaires. Most use the Kilpatrick model for evaluation and the most common level of evaluation is reaction type. (Contains 24 references.) (JOW)|

Al-Athari, Ahmad; Zairi, Mohamed

2002-01-01

322

Social Studies. MicroSIFT Courseware Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This compilation of 11 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 3-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

323

Bridging human and animal research: A comparative approach to studies of personality and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluates a comparative approach to personality and health research. We (1) review evidence showing that personality exists and can be measured in animals, (2) illustrate the benefits of animal studies for human personality research, (3) illustrate the benefits of human studies for animal personality research, and (4) provide guidelines for making cross-species comparisons. We conclude that a comparative

Pranjal H. Mehta; Samuel D. Gosling

2008-01-01

324

Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: evaluation and recommendations. Appendix A: terrestrial environmental research in Alaska during 1980-1981  

SciTech Connect

This report, an Appendix to the report Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: Evaluation and Recommendations, provides a review of ongoing and planned Arctic terrestrial environmental research in Alaska during 1980-1981. The report reviews which agency conducted Arctic-oriented ecological research; the goals, philosophies, and directions of these agencies; the financial support provided for Arctic terrestrial environmental research; and whether the agencies have a relationship with the DOE's Ecological Research Program.

Not Available

1981-01-01

325

Comparative Case Study of Two Biomedical Research Collaboratories  

PubMed Central

Background Working together efficiently and effectively presents a significant challenge in large-scale, complex, interdisciplinary research projects. Collaboratories are a nascent method to help meet this challenge. However, formal collaboratories in biomedical research centers are the exception rather than the rule. Objective The main purpose of this paper is to compare and describe two collaboratories that used off-the-shelf tools and relatively modest resources to support the scientific activity of two biomedical research centers. The two centers were the Great Lakes Regional Center for AIDS Research (HIV/AIDS Center) and the New York University Oral Cancer Research for Adolescent and Adult Health Promotion Center (Oral Cancer Center). Methods In each collaboratory, we used semistructured interviews, surveys, and contextual inquiry to assess user needs and define the technology requirements. We evaluated and selected commercial software applications by comparing their feature sets with requirements and then pilot-testing the applications. Local and remote support staff cooperated in the implementation and end user training for the collaborative tools. Collaboratory staff evaluated each implementation by analyzing utilization data, administering user surveys, and functioning as participant observers. Results The HIV/AIDS Center primarily required real-time interaction for developing projects and attracting new participants to the center; the Oral Cancer Center, on the other hand, mainly needed tools to support distributed and asynchronous work in small research groups. The HIV/AIDS Center’s collaboratory included a center-wide website that also served as the launch point for collaboratory applications, such as NetMeeting, Timbuktu Conference, PlaceWare Auditorium, and iVisit. The collaboratory of the Oral Cancer Center used Groove and Genesys Web conferencing. The HIV/AIDS Center was successful in attracting new scientists to HIV/AIDS research, and members used the collaboratory for developing and implementing new research studies. The Oral Cancer Center successfully supported highly distributed and asynchronous research, and the collaboratory facilitated real-time interaction for analyzing data and preparing publications. Conclusions The two collaboratory implementations demonstrated the feasibility of supporting biomedical research centers using off-the-shelf commercial tools, but they also identified several barriers to successful collaboration. These barriers included computing platform incompatibilities, network infrastructure complexity, variable availability of local versus remote IT support, low computer and collaborative software literacy, and insufficient maturity of available collaborative software. Factors enabling collaboratory use included collaboration incentives through funding mechanism, a collaborative versus competitive relationship of researchers, leadership by example, and tools well matched to tasks and technical progress. Integrating electronic collaborative tools into routine scientific practice can be successful but requires further research on the technical, social, and behavioral factors influencing the adoption and use of collaboratories.

Teasley, Stephanie D; Bhatnagar, Rishi

2005-01-01

326

Local technicians in long-term research projects: evaluation of 25 years experience in an active tropical research station.  

PubMed

Most field ecology is conceived and financed by scientists from urban areas but is actually carried out in rural areas. Field staff can either be imported from urban areas or recruited from local residents. We evaluated the advantages and disadvantages of involving rural residents as local technicians over a 25- year period at active field research site in Costa Rica. We defined "local technicians" as local residents with no university education who acquired significant experience in field data collection, data management and/or laboratory work. We analyzed the experiences of incorporating these technicians into field research in developing countries from the points of view of scientist and of the local technicians themselves. Primary data were written responses from to a standardized survey of 19 senior scientists and Ph.D. students,and results from standardized personal interviews with 22 local technicians. Researchers highlighted the advantages of highly-skilled technicians with minimal staff turnover, as well as the technicians' knowledge of local ecological conditions. Local technicians considered the primary advantages of their jobs to be opportunities for continuing education training in science as well as cultural enrichment through interactions with people of different cultures. The main challenges identified by researchers were the lack of long-term funding for projects and extended training required for local technicians. Local technicians can be of great benefit to research projects by providing high-quality data collection at reasonable costs with low staff turnover. Over the last 25 years the research model at the field station we studied has evolved to the point that most long-term projects now depend heavily on local technicians. This model of involving local technicians in long-term research has multiple benefits for the researchers, the technicians and the local community, and could be adapted to a variety of settings in rural areas of developing countries. PMID:22208064

Hurtado, Johanna; Clark, David B

2011-12-01

327

Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: Evaluation and Recommendations. Appendix A: Terrestrial Environmental Research in Alaska During 1980-1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, an Appendix to the report Arctic Terrestrial Environmental Research Programs of the Office of Energy Research, Department of Energy: Evaluation and Recommendations, provides a review of ongoing and planned Arctic terrestrial environmental res...

1981-01-01

328

Primary Irritation Evaluation Program Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eleven candidate repellents were evaluated on New Zealand White rabbits for their potential to cause skin and eye irritation. This was used as a basis for making the following recommendations concerning their use on humans. There are no restrictions for t...

S. Rowe

1969-01-01

329

Selecting government-financed research projects in China with Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently the Chinese governments at all levels are in urgent need of both a manageable research project evaluation index system and a scientific evaluation method that could help them select those research projects which are valuable in promoting the country's economy and social development. In response to such a need, the present paper first suggests a useful research project evaluation

L. H. Zhang; B. Zou; X. M. Liu

2012-01-01

330

Hazard Evaluation Division, Standard Evaluation Procedure: Aqueous Photolysis Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Standard Evaluation Procedure for the Aqueous Photolysis Studies is a guidance document primarily intended for Agency reviewers and the regulated industry who evaluate data specified in 40 CFR Part 158.124. The SEP is also intended to provide informat...

N. K. Whetzel S. M. Creeger

1985-01-01

331

Case Study: Ethical Guidance for Pediatric e-health Research Using Examples From Pain Research With Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective?The Internet is a frequently used platform for research in pediatric and health psychology. However, there is little pragmatic guidance as to ethical best practice of this research. The absence of guidance is particularly prominent for online research with children. Our objective is to outline ethical issues in e-health research with children and adolescents using two exemplar studies in pediatric pain research.?Methods?The first study is an asynchronous message board discussion amongst teenagers with pain who are frequent internet users.The second study is a web-based behavioral intervention for the management of adolescent pain.?Results?Each exemplar study is discussed in the context of specific ethical considerations related to recruitment, informed consent and debriefing, privacy and confidentiality, and participant safety. Ethical issues regarding the evaluation of online psychological interventions are also discussed.?Conclusions?Guidance on optimal ethical practice in e-health research is summarized.

Henderson, Ellen M.; Law, Emily F.; Palermo, Tonya M.

2012-01-01

332

Research strategies for safety evaluation of nanomaterials, Part I: evaluating the human health implications of exposure to nanoscale materials.  

PubMed

Nanotechnology has the potential to dramatically improve the effectiveness of a number of existing consumer and industrial products and could have a substantial impact on the development of new products ranging from disease diagnosis and treatment to environmental remediation. The broad range of possible nanotechnology applications could lead to substantive changes in industrial productivity, economic growth, and international trade. A continuing evaluation of the human health implications of exposure to nanoscale materials will be essential before the commercial benefits of these materials can be fully realized. The purpose of this article is to review the human health implications of exposure to nanoscale materials in the context of a toxicological risk evaluation, the current scope of U.S. Federal research on nanoscale materials, and selected toxicological studies associated with nanoscale materials to note emerging research in this area. PMID:16049265

Thomas, Karluss; Sayre, Philip

2005-07-27

333

Rsquared: researching the researchers. A study into how the researchers at the University of New South Wales use and share research data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a research study of data usage, creation and sharing within different research communities at UNSW. The study identifies emerging data usage and management needs within the e-research life cycle of diverse research communities. Comparison is made with the outcomes of other studies that have examined e-researcher work practices in relation to their data. The paper examines the

Howard Amos; Maude Frances; Tom Ruthven

2010-01-01

334

Guidelines for Conducting Positivist Case Study Research in Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case study research approach is widely used in a number of different ways within the information systems community. This paper focuses on positivist, deductive case study research in information systems. It provides clear definitions of important concepts in positivist case study research and illustrates these with an example research study. A critical analysis of the conduct and outcomes of

Graeme G. Shanks

2002-01-01

335

Impact of funding on biomedical research: a retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Public funding is aimed at facilitating the initiation, completion and publication of research study protocols. However, no evaluation is made to investigate the impact of grant success on the conduct of biomedical research. It is therefore of great interest to compare the fate of funded protocols versus not funded: Are they initiated? Are they completed? Did the results confirm the hypothesis? Were they published? The objective was to investigate the fate of protocols submitted for funding, whether they were funded or not. Methods Retrospective cohort study of protocols submitted for funding to the Greater Lyon regional scientific committee in 1997. Initial characteristics of protocols (design, study size, investigator status) were abstracted from archives, and follow-up characteristics (initiation, completion and publication) from a mailed questionnaire to the principal investigators. Results Among the 142 submitted protocols, follow-up information was available for 114 (80%). As a whole, 38% of studies were funded by the Greater Lyon research committee. The rate of initiation varied from 62% for studies with no acknowledged funding to 100% for studies with both committee and other simultaneous funding. When initiated, the rate of completion was 62% for studies with at least one funding and 40% for studies without acknowledged funding. When completed, publication was reached for 77% of studies with either committee or external funding, for 58% of studies without acknowledged funding and for 37% of studies with both committee and external funding. Conclusion Some protocols submitted for funding were initiated and completed without any funding declared. To our understanding this mean that not all protocols submitted really needed funding and also that health care facilities are unaware that they implicitly financially support and pay for biomedical research.

Decullier, Evelyne; Chapuis, Francois

2006-01-01

336

Continuous improvement evaluation: a framework for multisite evaluation studies.  

PubMed

This article proposes the use of the continuous improvement evaluation (CIE), a framework for multisite demonstration or evaluation studies. This framework is designed for studying intervention programs that change during the evaluation. The development of family drug courts is provided as an example. CIE relies on outcome data collected over time and benchmarked across similar cases in comparison sites; thus, this study was designed to collect data on effectiveness of intervention programs at multiple sites and over time. A weight is calculated for similarity of any two cases based on features they share. In statistical process control charts, these weights are used to compare outcomes at the site against the average of similar cases in comparison groups. Once data are benchmarked, program staff meet to discuss process changes that have led to improvements in outcomes. To ensure that intervention programs have access to evaluation reports on demand, information technology is used to collect, clean, and pool data. Computers generate study reports, and evaluators review reports after release to clients. Statistical tools can be used to evaluate changing programs. Traditional evaluators may be concerned about some threats to validity associated with CIE. The article concludes with a discussion of typical threats to validity and how these threats are addressed in the CIE framework. PMID:11378974

Alemi, F; Haack, M R; Nemes, S

337

Useful, Used, and Peer Approved: The Importance of Rigor and Accessibility in Postsecondary Research and Evaluation. WISCAPE Viewpoints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, researchers, policymakers, and practitioners have perceived a tension between rigor and accessibility in quantitative research and evaluation in postsecondary education. However, this study indicates that both producers and consumers of these studies value high-quality work and clear findings that can reach multiple audiences. The…

Vaade, Elizabeth; McCready, Bo

2012-01-01

338

Medical Research and Evaluation Facility (MREF) and studies supporting the medical chemical defense program: Development of procedures to enhance atropine antisera production in rabbits. Final report, July 1992July 1994  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to improve the production of rabbit anti-atropine antisera for future analytical studies. There were two phases to this project: evaluation of methods to enhance atropine antisera titers, and antisera production and characterization. Anti-atropine antisera were prepared using a high-density conjugate. The radioimmunoassay performance characteristics were similar for both the Battelle and Walter Reed Army

C. T. Olson; L. Miller; B. Bhullar; H. Benecke

1994-01-01

339

Experimental studies in air medical research.  

PubMed

This article is the 18th in a multipart series designed to assist readers, particularly novices, in the area of clinical research. This article is focused on the process of developing a new research project. It provides tools to help those involved in beginning their own research projects. PMID:22225555

Youngquist, Scott T; Gee, Chris

340

Cognitive Performance Measures in Bioelectromagnetic Research - Critical Evaluation and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

Background The steady increase of mobile phone usage has led to a rising concern about possible adverse health effects of radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF EMF) exposure at intensities even below the existing safety limits. Accumulating evidence suggests that pulse-modulated RF EMF may alter brain physiology. Yet, whereas effects on the human electroencephalogram in waking and sleep have repeatedly been shown in recent years, results on cognitive performance are inconsistent. Methods This review compares 41 provocation studies regarding the effects of RF EMF exposure similar to mobile telephones on cognitive performance measures in humans. The studies were identified via systematic searches of the databases Pub Med and ISI Web of Science and were published in peer-reviewed journals between 1998 and the end of 2009. Results Based on a critical discussion within the scope of methodological standards it is concluded that state-of-the-art-methods in bio-electromagnetic research on RF EMF effects and cognition have neither been specified nor fully implemented over the last 10-11 years. The lack of a validated tool, which reliably assesses changes in cognitive performance caused by RF EMF exposure, may contribute to the current inconsistencies in outcomes. The high variety of findings may also be due to methodological issues such as differences in sample size and the composition of study groups, experimental design, exposure setup as well as the exposure conditions, and emphasizes the need for a standardized protocol in bioelectromagnetic research. Conclusions At present, no underlying biological mechanism has been identified which mediates the effects on brain functioning as observed in electroencephalographic (EEG) studies. A future aim must be to identify this mechanism as well as a reliable exposure protocol in order to gain more insights into possible behavioral and related health consequences of high-frequency EMF exposure.

2011-01-01

341

A Set of Principles for Conducting and Evaluating Interpretive Field Studies in Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the conduct and evaluation of interpretive research in information systems. While the conventions for evaluating information systems case studies conducted according to the natural science model of social science are now widely accepted, this is not the case for interpre- tive field studies. A set of principles for the con- duct and evaluation of interpretive field research

Heinz K. Klein; Michael D. Myers

1999-01-01

342

Bounded Rationality and Consumer Research: Lessons From a Study of Choices of Mobile Phone Service Contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws lessons about the allocation of resources to research aimed at studying the efficiency of consumer decision making in complex, fast-moving markets. These lessons emerged during research involving a large-sample survey of choices of mobile phone service plans by Australian consumers. In this kind of market, researchers will run into difficulties in collecting and evaluating data, and market

Peter Earl; Lana Friesen; Kristin Hatherley

2011-01-01

343

Research of evaluation index system of community commerce building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of community commerce building is fundamental to work out the strategy for the development of community commerce, guiding the business community to make healthy and coordinated development. This paper firstly introduces the significance and principles for establishing evaluation index system. According to the evaluation norms of the national model of community commerce, this paper further establishes evaluation index system

Zhang Bo; Kou Ying-jiao

2009-01-01

344

Designing a mixed methods study in pediatric oncology nursing research.  

PubMed

Despite the appeal of discovering the different strengths of various research methods, mixed methods research remains elusive in pediatric oncology nursing research. If pediatric oncology nurses are to succeed in mixing quantitative and qualitative methods, they need practical guidelines for managing the complex data and analyses of mixed methods research. This article discusses mixed methods terminology, designs, and key design features. Specific areas addressed include the myths about mixed methods research, types of mixed method research designs, steps involved in developing a mixed method research study, and the benefits and challenges of using mixed methods designs in pediatric oncology research. Examples of recent research studies that have combined quantitative and qualitative research methods are provided. The term mixed methods research is used throughout this article to reflect the use of both quantitative and qualitative methods within one study rather than the use of these methods in separate studies concerning the same research problem. PMID:18187598

Wilkins, Krista; Woodgate, Roberta

345

Research endeavors among pediatric nurse practitioners (REAP) study  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe purpose of this study was to identify the facilitators of and barriers to research utilization and to identify research activities and resources needed to promote research among pediatric nurse practitioners.

Victoria P. Niederhauser; Lisa Kohr

2005-01-01

346

Evaluation of the Fundamental Research on Explosives (FRE) Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A means to quantify both progress and the relative importance of the various tasks composing a large research program is discussed. The discussion is within the context of the particular example of the Fundamental Research on Explosives (FRE) program curr...

T. Rivera R. L. Rabie

1984-01-01

347

Collaboration in a Multidisciplinary, Distributed Research Organization: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Collaboration has become a main characteristic of academic research today. New forms of research organizations, colaboratories, have come to the fore, with distributed research centres as their most complex example. In this study, we aim to provide some insight into the collaboration strategies of researchers in their daily researching activities…

Duysburgh, Pieter; Naessens, Kris; Konings, Wim; Jacobs, An

2012-01-01

348

Collaboration in a Multidisciplinary, Distributed Research Organization: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaboration has become a main characteristic of academic research today. New forms of research organizations, colaboratories, have come to the fore, with distributed research centres as their most complex example. In this study, we aim to provide some insight into the collaboration strategies of researchers in their daily researching activities…

Duysburgh, Pieter; Naessens, Kris; Konings, Wim; Jacobs, An

2012-01-01

349

Implementation and evaluation of an undergraduate research practicum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although collegiate faculty once believed that lecture and discussion were the best strategies for teaching research to undergraduate students, educators now question using these strategies exclusively. At present, more active involvement is recommended for learning the research process and for changing students' attitudes. The development of a practicum, designed to involve students in a meaningful research experience within a limited

Frank L. Cole

1995-01-01

350

Stem Cell Research: An Ethical Evaluation of Policy Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

In February 2004, South Korean researchers became the first in the world to successfully harvest stem cells and establish a stem cell line from a cloned human embryo. This is just one of eight possible policy options concern- ing human embryonic stem cell research. In practice, every kind of stem cell research can be done in one country or another.

Nikolaus Knoepffler

2004-01-01

351

The Role of Theory in Learning Technology Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts a fundamental analysis of the nature of research into e-learning and the role that theory plays in this. We examine "research" in broad terms, and the nature of phenomena in general. We identify that e-learning is an artificial phenomenon, and that research approaches need to be cognisant of the design elements in e-learning,…

Phillips, Rob; Kennedy, Gregor; McNaught, Carmel

2012-01-01

352

A Methodology for Evaluation Research on Introductory Psychology Subject Pools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research indicates that introductory psychology college students continue to be the primary source of subjects for psychological research. This extensive use of involuntary subjects in a required service subject pool raises numerous important questions for science and for educational and professional ethics. A general overview of research

Miller, Arden

353

School Health Education Evaluation. Volume 2. Research Results of the School Health Education Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume II is a companion to Volume I. The volume documents the analyses and results of the project for the technical reader who seeks a more thorough understanding of the study from a research perspective. Volume II provides detailed quantitative support ...

D. B. Connell R. R. Turner E. F. Mason

1985-01-01

354

Evaluation of UK Integrated Care Pilots: research protocol  

PubMed Central

Background In response to concerns that the needs of the aging population for well-integrated care were increasing, the English National Health Service (NHS) appointed 16 Integrated Care Pilots following a national competition. The pilots have a range of aims including development of new organisational structures to support integration, changes in staff roles, reducing unscheduled emergency hospital admissions, reduced length of hospital stay, increasing patient satisfaction, and reducing cost. This paper describes the evaluation of the initiative which has been commissioned. Study design and data collection methods A mixed methods approach has been adopted including interviews with staff and patients, non-participant observation of meetings, structured written feedback from sites, questionnaires to patients and staff, and analysis of routinely collected hospital utilisation data for patients/service users. The qualitative analysis aims to identify the approaches taken to integration by the sites, the benefits which result, the context in which benefits have resulted, and the mechanisms by which they occur. Methods of analysis The quantitative analysis adopts a ‘difference in differences’ approach comparing health care utilisation before and after the intervention with risk-matched controls. The qualitative data analysis adopts a ‘theory of change’ approach in which we triangulate data from the quantitative analysis with qualitative data in order to describe causal effects (what happens when an independent variable changes) and causal mechanisms (what connects causes to their effects). An economic analysis will identify what incremental resources are required to make integration succeed and how they can be combined efficiently to produce better outcomes for patients. Conclusion This evaluation will produce a portfolio of evidence aimed at strengthening the evidence base for integrated care, and in particular identifying the context in which interventions are likely to be effective. These data will support a series of evaluation judgements aimed at reducing uncertainties about the role of integrated care in improving the efficient and effective delivery of healthcare.

Ling, Tom; Bardsley, Martin; Adams, John; Lewis, Richard; Roland, Martin

2010-01-01

355

Phased Array Antenna Evaluation Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The topics studied are: (1) multimode waveguide elements for phased arrays, (2) finiteness effects in an E-plane array of parallel-plate waveguides, (3) a transition radiating element for wide-angle wide-band matching, and (4) ray methods for computation ...

L. B. Felsen A. Hessel G. H. Knittel R. Constantini J. Goldberg

1973-01-01

356

Experiencing evaluation: a case study of girls' dance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines action research that was undertaken as a part of a DfES Best Practice Research Scholarship (BPRS).1 The aims of the research were, firstly, to investigate how girls at Key Stage 3 and 42 feel about evaluating and being evaluated in dance and, secondly, to devise a range of evaluation tasks which enable pupils both to evaluate with

Helen Cassady; Gill Clarke; Ann-Marie Latham

2004-01-01

357

Readability of the Written Study Information in Pediatric Research in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe aim was to evaluate the readability of research information leaflets (RIL) for minors asked to participate in biomedical research studies and to assess the factors influencing this readability.Methods and FindingsAll the pediatric protocols from three French pediatric clinical research units were included (N = 104). Three criteria were used to evaluate readability: length of the text, Flesch's readability score

Véronique Ménoni; Noël Lucas; Jean-François Leforestier; François Doz; Gilles Chatellier; Evelyne Jacqz-Aigain; Carole Giraud; Jean-Marc Tréluyer; Hélène Chappuy; Lisa Hartling

2011-01-01

358

Evaluation of NIPER thermal EOR research, state-of-the-art and research needs  

SciTech Connect

The Thermal Oil Production Research Group at NIPER has conducted research on behalf of the US Department of Energy on thermal methods of oil production (steam and for 1 year, in situ combustion) since 1983. Research projects performed by this group have attempted to adapt to the needs and direction of the DOE`s oil research program and that of industry. This report summarizes the research that has been conducted, analyses the contributions of the research, describes how the technology was transferred to potential users, analyzes current trends in thermal research and thermal oil production, and makes suggestions for future research where NIPER could contribute to advances in thermal oil production.

Sarathi, P.S.; Olsen, D.K.; Mahmood, S.M.; Ramzel, E.B.

1993-06-01

359

African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES)  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate differences in visual function between the healthy eyes of people of African (AD) and European descent (ED). Methods Visual function was assessed in 393 AD and 367 ED participants selected from the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study and the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study. Participants had normal appearance of the optic disc and intraocular pressure of less than 22 mm Hg. Each participant had 2 reliable 24-2 standard automated perimetry tests, and most had short-wavelength automated perimetry and frequency-doubling technology tests. The generalized estimating equation was used to adjust for intereye correlations. Results were adjusted for age, vertical cup-disc ratio, disc size, central corneal thickness, and presence of high blood pressure. Results The AD participants were younger (mean [SD] age, 46.2 [13.2] years) than the ED participants (age, 49.5 [16.6] years) (P=.003). The AD participants had worse mean deviation and pattern standard deviation and more points triggered as abnormal on the total and pattern deviation plots compared with ED participants on all tests (P<.05). A larger percentage of AD participants had confirmed abnormal glaucoma hemifield test results on standard automated perimetry only. Conclusions People of AD have significantly worse performance than people of ED on all tests of visual function. Additional research using longitudinal data is needed to determine the cause of these small but significant ancestry differences in visual function. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00221923

Racette, Lyne; Liebmann, Jeffrey M.; Girkin, Christopher A.; Zangwill, Linda M.; Jain, Sonia; Becerra, Lida M.; Medeiros, Felipe A.; Bowd, Christopher; Weinreb, Robert N.; Boden, Catherine; Sample, Pamela A.

2010-01-01

360

Benchmarking of thesis research: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process of the thesis research in the industrial engineering related master's programmes in Chalmers University of Technology for benchmarking implementation in Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch (IAU-STB), taking into consideration the different conditions of two universities and respective countries of Sweden and Iran. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this research,

Mohammad Shahalizadeh; Grannaz Amirjamshidi; Solmaz Shahalizadeh

2009-01-01

361

Early Head Start Children in Grade 5: Long-Term Followup of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project Study Sample. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report estimates Early Head Start impacts on children and families when children were in fifth grade. It includes additional nonexperimental analyses to inform program practice and guide future research. Impacts on the full sample of children and families in the grade 5 followup suggest that for the overall sample, Early Head Start did not continue to have the broad

Cheri A. Vogel; Yange Xue; Emily M. Moiduddin; Barbara Lepidus Carlson; Ellen Eliason Kisker

2010-01-01

362

75 FR 38082 - Solicitation of Applications for the Research and Evaluation Program: FY 2010 Triple Bottom Line...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Research and Evaluation Program: FY 2010 Triple Bottom Line...the Research and Evaluation program, the Economic Development...American regions for growth and success in the worldwide economy. Through its Research and Evaluation program, EDA works towards...

2010-07-01

363

Mentoring Australian Emerging Researchers in Aging: Evaluation of a Pilot Mentoring Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of Australian emerging researchers in aging identified the need for greater professional development and networking opportunities. To address this, a formal mentorship scheme was developed and evaluated. Fourteen postgraduate researchers (protégés) were matched by discipline and research interest to experienced academics (mentors). Evaluation revealed that participants were satisfied with the mentoring relationships, frequency of communication, and with the

Tim Henwood; Helen Bartlett; Matthew Carroll

2011-01-01

364

Formulating a convincing rationale for a research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explaining the purpose of a research study and providing a compelling rationale is an important part of any coaching research project, enabling the work to be set in the context of both existing evidence (and theory) and its practical applications. This necessitates formulating a clear research question and deriving specific research objectives, thereby justifying and contextualising the study. In this

Céline Rojon; Mark N. K. Saunders

2012-01-01

365

Integrating research into the inter-organisational relationship: towards a theoretically-rooted tool for evaluation  

PubMed Central

Purpose To enable an understanding of the complexities involved in evaluating and improving the partnerships between organisations involved in integrated working. Theory Network organisations provide a unique challenge to understanding and evaluating the processes and mechanisms through which organisations integrate. Through integrating research into this interface we propose a methodology for evaluation. Methods A Grounded Theory study of partnership working in network organisations, with data analysis to build a theoretical model of the way that partnership works in complex organisational situations. Results and conclusions Integrating care involves working across multiple organisations, creating complex environments for assessment and evaluation. We show that what happens in the ‘spaces’ between organisations involved in complex partnership arrangements is crucial and that current methods of partnership evaluation are inadequate for complex partnership situations, such as network organisations. Our model for integrating research into these interfaces between organisations involved in care enables these complexities to be better understood with the potential for real improvements in complex integrated care situations. In order to achieve this it is important that a theoretically-rooted, context-specific evaluative tool can be developed. This paper presents the Model of Network Partnership which the authors believe is a crucial stage in the process of development of such a tool with the potential to promote genuine improvements in integrated working.

Douglas, Simon; Wilson, Rob

2010-01-01

366

State of health economic evaluation research in Saudi Arabia: a review  

PubMed Central

Background If evaluation of economic evidence is to be used increasingly in Saudi Arabia, a review of the published literature would be useful to inform policy decision-makers of the current state of research and plan future research agendas. The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical review of the state of health economic evaluation research within the Saudi context with regard to the number, characteristics, and quality of published articles. Methods A literature search was conducted on May 8, 2011 to identify health economic articles pertaining to Saudi Arabia in the PubMed, Embase, and EconLit databases, using the following terms alone or in combination: “cost*”, “economics”, “health economics”, “cost-effectiveness”, “cost-benefit”, “cost minimization”, “cost utility analysis”, and “Saudi”. Reference lists of the articles identified were also searched for further articles. The tables of contents of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal and the Saudi Medical Journal were reviewed for the previous 5 years. Results The search identified 535 citations. Based on a reading of abstracts and titles, 477 papers were excluded. Upon reviewing the full text of the remaining 58 papers, 43 were excluded. Fifteen papers were included. Ten were categorized as full economic evaluations and five as partial economic evaluations. These articles were published between 1997 and 2010. The majority of the studies identified did not clearly state the perspective of their evaluation. There are many concerns about the methods used to collect outcome and costs data. Only one study used some sort of sensitivity analysis to assess the effects of uncertainty on the robustness of its conclusions. Conclusion This review highlights major flaws in the design, analysis, and reporting of the identified economic analyses. Such deficiencies mean that the local economic evidence available to decision-makers is not very useful. Thus, building research capability in health economics is warranted.

Al-Aqeel, Sinaa A

2012-01-01

367

A Participatory Action Research Approach to Evaluating Inclusive School Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to evaluate inclusion have frequently focused on the efficacy of inclusive education as a service delivery model. Although this information has greatly enhanced the field's understanding of inclusion, a need exists for a comprehensive process to assist schools that embrace inclusion to evaluate their programs. This article reviews the literature on inclusive school program evaluations and proposes a model

Stacy K. Dymond

2001-01-01

368

Enterprise financial risk evaluation research based on fuzzy mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial risk of a certain enterprise usually is categorized into a determination grade under the traditional evaluation method. The traditional classification can lead to part information loss, then result in mistake decisions of users. According to the characteristics of financial risk, a multi-level fuzzy model of comprehensive evaluation is put forward in this paper. The evaluation result can indicate the

Ya-Ran Su; Yan-Ping Nie; Xi-Xian Niu

2010-01-01

369

[Interaction between researchers and decision-makers: a case study].  

PubMed

This article analyzes the process of interaction between the Instituto de la Salud Juan Lazarte research team and the Buenos Aires Public Health Insurance (PHI) management team during the design and development of the study titled "PHI Institutional Capability Analysis and Performance Evaluation", currently underway. From a cross-disciplinary perspective, examining different areas of interaction between the SPS management team and the research team, the relationship is characterized as an application of the "interaction model". This approach promotes the construction of interfaces that allow the development of negotiation and collaboration between the scientific and political "communities". Application of this model has produced changes in the conceptual and methodological framework and in substantive issues during implementation of the SPSMI. PMID:17086337

Báscolo, Ernesto; Yavich, Natalia; Sánchez de León, Adolfo

2006-01-01

370

Champagne Prototyping: A Research Technique for Early Evaluation of Complex End-User Programming Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a variety of evaluation techniques are available to researchers of visual and end-user programming systems, they are primarily suited to evaluation of research systems. It is important to have evaluation techniques suitable for real-world programming environments, in order to satisfy real- world product managers of the usefulness of proposed new features. To help fill this gap, we present a

Alan F. Blackwell; Margaret M. Burnett; Simon L. Peyton Jones

2004-01-01

371

A subjunctive exploratory search interface to support media studies researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media studies concerns the study of production, content, and\\/or reception of various types of media. Today's continuous production and storage of media is changing the way media studies researchers work and requires the development of new search models and tools. We investigate the research cycle of media studies researchers and find that it is an iterative process consisting of several

Marc Bron; Jasmijn van Gorp; Frank Nack; Maarten de Rijke; Andrei Vishneuski; Sonja de Leeuw

2012-01-01

372

Management Education Program Evaluation: An Empirical Study in Mainland China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: With the accession of the PRC to the WTO, Chinese education market is open to the educational service providers of the foreign countries. They are keen to offer MBA Degree programs to the Career Managers in the Mainland. Aims: This research studies program evaluation and so forth the quality assessment of a MBA degree program in the…

Sou, Gryphon; Zhou, Pinqiu

2007-01-01

373

New Knit Watch Cap: A Design and Field Evaluation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Navy Clothing and Textile Research Facility (NCTRF) conducted a field evaluation study of a knit watch cap made of 100% wool and with a process representative of many hat manufacturers throughout the related specialty knitting trade to determine its f...

M. W. Pine

1977-01-01

374

Digital Libraries and Repositories in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting…

Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.

2008-01-01

375

Common Core Curriculum for Vocational Education. Category G: Evaluation and Research. G-4: Research Design in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module on research design in vocational education is one of a set of five on evaluation and research and is part of a larger series of thirty-four modules constituting a core curriculum for use in the professional preparation of vocational educators in the areas of agricultural, business, home economics, and industrial education. Following…

Moshier, Kenneth

376

Telemedia Research and Innovation. Telecommunications Study Commission.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The extent of present efforts in telecommunications research and innovation in the Commonwealth of Virginia is reviewed. Two programs are highlighted: Project Hear (Higher Education Applications of Radio), designed to enable state-supported institutions t...

J. Uhlmann

1979-01-01

377

Evaluating u.s. Medical schools' efforts to educate faculty researchers on research integrity and research misconduct policies and procedures.  

PubMed

This paper examines how well U.S. medical school institutions are doing to promote research integrity. It is an important question to ask in order to determine whether there are sufficient and adequate protections in place to protect the U.S. Public Health Service's (PHS) resources devoted to medical research. This paper focuses on 5,100 medical school researchers' knowledge of what constitutes research misconduct as well as their willingness to report it to the research integrity officer (RIO) and educate their Ph.D. trainees. We learned that 5.6% of researchers could correctly distinguish seven or more of the nine scenarios that depicted likely research misconduct, as defined by the PHS regulations, from scenarios describing other ethical issues. Instead, researchers had expansive definitions and often inappropriately identified infractions such as conflicts of interest, Institutional Review Board (IRB) violations, and other breaches in ethical standards to be research misconduct. In addition, researchers who correctly identified four instances of likely research misconduct in the test items were highly unlikely to report their observations to a RIO. Researchers also provided insight on the factors they believe influence their decision making process of whether to report research misconduct. In addition, this paper also reports on the guidance that faculty said they provided their trainees on research misconduct issues. We conclude with a discussion and recommendations on what institutional leaders might consider doing in order to enhance their research integrity efforts and protect their institution's reputation. PMID:24073604

Titus, Sandra Larsen

2014-01-01

378

Delaware Sea Grant Research: Coastal Ocean Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website reviews research projects funded by the Delaware Sea Grant, which focus on improving the scientific basis for assessing and managing the response of coastal waters and watersheds to human impacts. The website describes five projects, one of which examines the harmful algae Chattonella. A description of this University of Delaware research project is provided, which is focused on investigating the potential roles of photobiology, nutrient utilization, and biological controls.

2010-02-03

379

DESIGN ISSUES FOR EVALUATING SEEDLING EXPOSURE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Tree seedling studies, covering a wide range of experimental conditions in pollutant treatment, species, facilities, and exposure regimes, have become commonplace in forestry research for assessing the actual and potential environmental effects of air pollutants on forest ecosyst...

380

Design Issues for Evaluating Seedling Exposure Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tree seedling studies, covering a wide range of experimental conditions in pollutant treatment, species, facilities, and exposure regimes, have become commonplace in forestry research for assessing the actual and potential environmental effects of air pol...

C. E. Peterson R. A. Mickler

1992-01-01

381

9 CFR 104.4 - Products for research and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Product Permit to import a biological product for research...1) A permit to import a biological product for research and...this subchapter. (c) A biological product shall not be imported...Management and Budget under control number 0579-0013)...

2013-01-01

382

An Evaluation of Services Provided by the Market Research Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stature of the market research industry appears threatened by uccusations including invasion of respondent privacy, excessive interviewing and disguised sales appeals. The much publicised lawsuit involving Beecham vs. Yankelovich questions the very foundation of the industry; the validity and reliability of the information generated by marketing researchers. Just how well is the industry performing? This article reports the results

Scott Dawson; Ronald F. Bush; Bruce Stern

1994-01-01

383

Women's Erotic Rape Fantasies: An Evaluation of Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is the first systematic review of the research literature on women's rape fantasies. Current research indicates that between 31% and 57% of women have fantasies in which they are forced into sex against their will, and for 9% to 17% of women these are a frequent or favorite fantasy experience. Erotic rape fantasies are paradoxical: they do not

Joseph W. Critelli; Jenny M. Bivona

2008-01-01

384

Meeting CORE Standards in the Research and Program Evaluation Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rehabilitation research provides the foundation for effective services to persons with disabilities. As a required course by the Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) accreditation standards, the research course in the rehabilitation counseling curriculum remains a difficult one for students, as direct application to practice is not readily…

Schultz, Jared C.; O'Brien, Michael

2008-01-01

385

Engagement in Authentic Geoscience Research: Evaluation of Research Experiences of Undergraduates and Secondary Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the effects of a program involving authentic research on the participants' interest in research, career plans, and attitudes on science. The findings are from the first year of a three-year program funded by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. In three out of four projects, participants increased their interest in research, with two-thirds planning to change career plans to become more research-oriented. The implications of these findings for providing authentic research opportunities are discussed.

Jarrett, Olga; Burnley, Pamela

2003-01-01

386

Applied Warfighter Ergonomics: A Research Method for Evaluating Military Individual Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this research effort is to design and implement a laboratory and establish a research method focused on scientific evaluation of human factors considerations for military individual equipment under both laboratory and field conditions. Th...

K. Takagi

2005-01-01

387

Final Battery Evaluation Report: Energy Research Corporation Zinc/Bromine Battery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of an evaluation of an Energy Research Corporation zinc/bromine, flowing electrolyte battery are described. This work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories for the US Department of Energy and the Electric Power Research Institute. Incl...

A. Leo C. E. Robinson D. W. Miller P. C. Butler

1984-01-01

388

48 CFR 225.7016 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation...Foreign Acquisition 225.7016 Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and...

2010-10-01

389

48 CFR 225.7017 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation...Foreign Acquisition 225.7017 Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and...

2009-10-01

390

Report of the Drug Control Research, Data, and Evaluation Committee, January 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report from the Drug Control Research, Data, and Evaluation (DCRDE) advisory committee summarizes the actions of the Subcommittee on Data, Research and Interagency Coordination, and describes three major task accomplishments: (1) a Federal Drug-Relat...

1999-01-01

391

Studies of Suicidal Preadolescent and Adolescent Inpatients: A Critique of Research Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates research methodology of investigations of suicidal preadolescent and adolescent psychiatric inpatients and discusses studies of suicidal preadolescents and adolescents who were admitted to medical inpatient facilities. Considers research designs of studies in relation to whether they include components that will make it possible for…

Pfeffer, Cynthia R.

1989-01-01

392

Learning through Web-Based Multistoryline Case Studies: A Design-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a design-based research in an undergraduate measurement and evaluation course. The study employed web-based multistoryline case studies grounded on Spiro's cognitive flexibility theory to improve students' comprehension of concepts and knowledge. The findings of this research reveal that students demonstrated positive…

Zeng, Rui; Blasi, Laura

2010-01-01

393

The Value and Feasibility of Evaluation Research on Teacher Development: Contrasting Experiences in Sri Lanka and Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the value and feasibility of carrying out evaluation research on teacher development and uses as points of reference the author's experiences in two countries, Sri Lanka and Mexico. In Sri Lanka, an evaluation study was designed to understand the effectiveness and costs of teacher development at the elementary level linking…

Tatto, M. T.

2002-01-01

394

Assessment of the Quality of Sampling Procedures Reported in Clinical Nursing Research: A Pilot Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pilot study assessed the reliability of an instrument specifically designed to assist in the scientific evaluation of the quality of clinical nursing research. This instrument also was used to identify the major errors in sampling in clinical nursing...

N. O. Gentry

1988-01-01

395

Collaborative Research: The Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study as an Example of Collaborative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the Alphabetic Braille Contracted Braille Study in relation to the dimensions of collaborative research: extent, intensity, substance, heterogeneity, velocity, formality, and productivity. It also discusses the dimensions of financing research and researchers' attitudes. The overall consensus is that the study would not have…

Wormsley, Diane P.; Emerson, Robert Wall; Erin, Jane

2011-01-01

396

Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies. Summaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Significant cases of research in terms of their effect on school practices have been extensively documented by educational researchers. This booklet summarizes nine such studies, which are published in detail in a companion volume ("Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies"). These studies have a variety reasonably characteristic of…

Suppes, Patrick, Ed.

397

Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies. Summaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Significant cases of research in terms of their effect on school practices have been extensively documented by educational researchers. This booklet summarizes nine such studies, which are published in detail in a companion volume ("Impact of Research on Education: Some Case Studies"). These studies have a variety reasonably characteristic of…

Suppes, Patrick, Ed.

398

A Closer Look at Scientifically Based Research: How to Evaluate Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The No Child Left Behind Act has brought research, particularly scientific based research, beyond discussions in graduate schools and back into the consciousness of educators in the field. For many educators, it has been a long time since those discussions, and key concepts about educational research may have become hazy. In this fourth article…

T.H.E. Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

399

Evaluating Research in Career and Technical Education Using Scientifically-Based Research Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The recent emphasis on scientifically-based research (SBR) as the government's favored research paradigm has direct implications for career and technical education (CTE). From a practical standpoint, federal funds will now be appropriated exclusively on scholars' readiness and ability to engage the "right" research questions. While the government…

Gemici, Sinan; Rojewski, Jay W.

2007-01-01

400

Developing research on performance-based functional work assessment: report on the first international functional capacity evaluation research meeting.  

PubMed

Introduction Research on Performance-Based Work Assessment, also known as Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE), has evolved substantially over the past decades. Although this field of research has developed, the use of FCE has been an object of discussion and debate internationally. Unfortunately, there has been no platform or infrastructure available for FCE researchers to present their research, discuss, and collaborate. Methods An International FCE Research Meeting was held in Haren, The Netherlands on October 25, 2012, with 48 participants from eight countries. The meeting consisted of presentation of new research, two debates, and an open discussion that aimed at creating an overview of gaps in research as identified by the participants. Results The discussion resulted in the identification of 17 research needs, which are listed in this paper. Important categories were: further validation of FCE across settings, jurisdictions and patient groups; additional impact and cost-effectiveness evaluation of FCE compared to alternatives; and the use of ICF as guiding framework. Conclusion Researchers, clinicians, and other professionals in the FCE area are interested in improving the quality and content of FCE research by setting a common set of priorities and creating an international peer network. PMID:23400587

Reneman, M F; Soer, R; Gross, D P

2013-12-01

401

An Explorative Analysis of User Evaluation Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of user studies from a review of papers describing new visualisation applications and uses these to highlight various issues related to the evaluation of visualisations. We first consider some of the reasons why the process of evaluating visualisations is so difficult. We then dissect the problem by discussing the importance of recognising the nature of

Geoffrey Ellis; Alan Dix

402

Summary of 2008 CUAA Chinese University Evaluation and Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 2002, the University Evaluation Task Force of China University Alumni Association Network (CUAA), "University Weekly" and "21st Century Talent Report" have made joint efforts in the evaluation of higher education institutions in China. Compared with the ranking in 2007, China's University Ranking in the 2008 report is different mainly due…

Deguo, Zhao; Yanhou, Cai; Yongjun, Feng; Lingfeng, Wang

2009-01-01

403

Focus Groups: An Important Research Technique for Internal Evaluation Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of focus groups by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a tool of internal evaluation is described. Focus groups are used in an environment where credibility is key to achieving meaningful cooperation. Issues for consideration by other evaluators interested in the approach are summarized. (SLD)|

Duffy, Barbara Poitras

1993-01-01

404

Outcome measurement in forensic mental health research: an evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring change resulting from healthcare interventions is critical to evaluating their usefulness. The choice of outcome measure is an important part of such evaluations and is driven by assumptions about what is likely to change and how best to capture this. Despite its importance, forensic mental health has paid little attention to determining which are the best measures of outcome.

Jenny Yiend; Jemma C. Chambers; Tom Burns; Helen Doll; Seena Fazel; Asha Kaur; Lesley Sutton; Ray Fitzpatrick

2011-01-01

405

The primary research on image color quality evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The image color and vision quality evaluation plays a very important role in the algorithm design and their optimizations of image reconstruction processing. As human eyes are the last receivers for image information, we build a general evaluation model on the HVS (human visual system) and HCPM (human color perception model). According to the psychology and physiology experiments and color

Tao Jing; Yubin Xia; Lei Yan

2000-01-01

406

FDA Center for Drug Evaluation & Research Arthritis Advisory ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... research. Points made in these documents are not ... The rate of depression and suicides are known to be higher in SLE patients. Nevertheless, these ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

407

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's (CDER) Drug ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... who take reports of potential shortages, research their roots and coordinate activities to mitigate or prevent shortages will be added within 6-8 weeks ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugshortages

408

Review and Evaluation of Empirical Research in Troubleshooting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This reprint reviews the literature on troubleshooting training, assess the effectiveness of current methods, and established a basis for further research. A literature search focused on data regarding the individual skills needed for successful fault iso...

N. M. Morris W. B. Rouse

1985-01-01

409

The Quality of Research on Education: An Empirical Study of Researchers and their Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is concerned with measuring and explaining the quality of recent research in education. The problem was approached by locating empirical research in education published in American behavioral science and education journals in 1967-68, plus empir...

C. H. Persell

1971-01-01

410

Insight into Evaluation Practice: A Content Analysis of Designs and Methods Used in Evaluation Studies Published in North American Evaluation-Focused Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To describe the recent practice of evaluation, specifically method and design choices, the authors performed a content analysis on 117 evaluation studies published in eight North American evaluation-focused journals for a 3-year period (2004-2006). The authors chose this time span because it follows the scientifically based research (SBR)…

Christie, Christina A.; Fleischer, Dreolin Nesbitt

2010-01-01

411

Why Join an Autism Research Study?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author's daughter has an autism spectrum disorder, as well as numerous other medical conditions. Like all parents of kids with special needs, she has spent enormous amounts of time and energy on hospital stays, therapies, and advocacy. She has also taken some time to participate in research. First and foremost, she wants to be aware of the…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2011-01-01

412

Services for Victims: A Market Research Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Victim services programs have proliferated over the past three decades. However, we know little about the forms of assistance that crime victims seek from these programs, whether the programs are meeting the needs of those who seek help, or whether the victims who receive services are the ones most in need. The current research examined these issues through interviews with

Robert C. Davis; Arthur J. Lurigio; Wesley G. Skogan

1999-01-01

413

Studies in Teaching. 1996 Research Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 19 papers presented at Wake Forest University's 1996 Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) are as follows: "Initiating and Facilitating Discourse: An Examination of Methods of Four Secondary English Classrooms" (Stella Katherine Beale); "Cheating: Beliefs and Habits" (William Clark); "English Instructional Methods and the…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

414

Studying research collaboration using co-authorships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific collaboration has become a major issue in science policy. The tremendous growth of collaboration among nations and research institutions witnessed during the last twenty years is a function of the internal dynamics of science as well as science policy initiatives. The need to survey and follow up the collaboration issue calls for statistical indicators sensitive enough to reveal the

G. Melin; O. Persson

1996-01-01

415

An Evaluation of Results of Ergometric Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An evaluation of some standardized and relative indices of ergometry is presented: heart rate and oxygen consumption as percentage of individual values, indices of chromo-, inotropic, aerobic and coronary reserves. The investigation is based on the study ...

V. P. Pomerantsev V. L. Khomenko A. G. Ivashchuk A. I. Mikheyev

1975-01-01

416

Assessment Study of an Undergraduate Research Training Abroad Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Old Westbury Neuroscience International Research Program (OWNIP) encourages undergraduate students from health disparities populations and underrepresented minorities to pursue careers in basic science, biomedical, clinical, and behavioral health research fields. To evaluate this program, several measures were used tracked through an online…

Nieto-Fernandez, Fernando; Race, Kathryn; Quarless, Duncan A.

2013-01-01

417

Embedded Science: Critical Analysis of Abstinence-Only Evaluation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1982, more than US$1 billion have been spent through federally sponsored abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs, including nearly $800 million between 2001 and 2006, during the presidency of George W. Bush. With this increased funding has come pressure to evaluate the impact of AOUM programs. In 1998, a federally funded evaluation of AOUM programming was commissioned to assess its impact on

Sara I. McClelland; Michelle Fine

2008-01-01

418

Intelligent land evaluation research based on Matlab and GIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applying the neural network to the land evaluation, we can break through the limitations that the traditional approaches are impacted by the human factors. Back propagation neural network (BP neural network) was used to evaluate the land suitability of the Changling town of the Guangshui city, Hubei province, China. We first establish evaluation index system, these indexes include the soil contamination degree, the irrigation guaranteed rate, the drainage condition, the pH value, the organic matter content. Then we establish the BP neural network and use MatLab to write the code forming the network. The evaluation criteria were input the network to train it. Then the network performance was test until the network meets the requirements. The evaluation data of the Changling town was input as the vectors to the appropriate network which calculates to get output vectors. And the output vectors were transformed the evaluation levels that can be imported the ArcGIS software to create the land suitability assessment figure. We can draw the conclusion that the suitability for the paddy field of the unused land and the arable land is very high and the ChangLin town is suitable for the development of paddy field agriculture.

Li, Hua; Chen, Youchao; Huang, Haifeng; Wu, Hao

2011-01-01

419

Facilitating comparative effectiveness research in cancer genomics: evaluating stakeholder perceptions of the engagement process  

PubMed Central

Aims The Center for Comparative Effectiveness Research in Cancer Genomics completed a 2-year stakeholder-guided process for the prioritization of genomic tests for comparative effectiveness research studies. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of engagement procedures in achieving project goals and to identify opportunities for future improvements. Materials & methods The evaluation included an online questionnaire, one-on-one telephone interviews and facilitated discussion. Responses to the online questionnaire were tabulated for descriptive purposes, while transcripts from key informant interviews were analyzed using a directed content analysis approach. Results A total of 11 out of 13 stakeholders completed both the online questionnaire and interview process, while nine participated in the facilitated discussion. Eighty-nine percent of questionnaire items received overall ratings of agree or strongly agree; 11% of responses were rated as neutral with the exception of a single rating of disagreement with an item regarding the clarity of how stakeholder input was incorporated into project decisions. Recommendations for future improvement included developing standard recruitment practices, role descriptions and processes for improved communication with clinical and comparative effectiveness research investigators. Conclusions Evaluation of the stakeholder engagement process provided constructive feedback for future improvements and should be routinely conducted to ensure maximal effectiveness of stakeholder involvement.

Deverka, Patricia A; Lavallee, Danielle C; Desai, Priyanka J; Armstrong, Joanne; Gorman, Mark; Hole-Curry, Leah; O'Leary, James; Ruffner, BW; Watkins, John; Veenstra, David L; Baker, Laurence H; Unger, Joseph M; Ramsey, Scott D

2013-01-01

420

Evaluating the Evaluator: A Case Study Illustrating Three Critical Mistakes No Evaluator Should Make  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most employees do not like to be evaluated because they fear the process and people involved. Although optimal performance evaluators can minimize people's anxieties about being assessed, actual performance evaluators can perpetuate employees' fears and, worse, lower their job performances and morale. A case study illustrates the actions of an…

Lanigan, Mary L.

2010-01-01

421

Study on comprehensive evaluation system of financial ecologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

To construct the comprehensive evaluation index system of financial ecologies one of the key research problems in the present finance. Based on the definition of financial ecologies, this paper made a research of financial eco-environment evaluation indexes, explored the content of evaluating index system, figured out the acquisition and processing of index data and strived to raise a applicable evaluating

Chunxi Zhou

2010-01-01

422

Integrating Public Health Policy, Practice, Evaluation, Surveillance, and Research: The School Health Action Planning and Evaluation System  

PubMed Central

The Canadian Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute of Canada have charged their Centre for Behavioral Research and Program Evaluation with contributing to the development of the country’s systemic capacity to link research, policy, and practice related to population-level interventions. Local data collection and feedback systems are integral to this capacity. Canada’s School Health Action Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) allows data to be collected from all of a school’s students, and these data are used to produce computer-generated school “health profiles.” SHAPES is being used for intervention planning, evaluation, surveillance, and research across Canada. Strong demand and multipartner investment suggest that SHAPES is adding value in all of these domains. Such systems can contribute substantially to evidence-informed public health practice, public engagement, participatory action research, and relevant, timely population intervention research.

Cameron, Roy; Manske, Stephen; Brown, K. Stephen; Jolin, Mari Alice; Murnaghan, Donna; Lovato, Chris

2007-01-01

423

HOW TO RECOGNISE A 'QUALITY' GROUNDED THEORY RESEARCH STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The quality of a research study is a key issue for clinical practitioners committed to the delivery of 'best-practice' patient care. With the increasing use of grounded theory in nursing research, attention is now focusing on the quality of studies using this research methodology. Indeed, within the growing body of grounded theory in nursing some methodological problems are emerging

Naomi Elliott; Anne Lazenbatt

2005-01-01

424

Research trends in nanotechnology studies across geo-economic areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the current temporal and spatial research trajectories in nanoscience and nanotechnology studies in order to display the worldwide patterns of research fields across main economic players. The results show the leadership of Europe and North America in nanotechnology research, although the role of China has been growing over time. Current nanotechnology studies

Coccia Mario; Finardi Ugo; Margon Diego

2010-01-01

425

The case for case studies in management research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly asserted that qualitative research in the organizational sciences lacks the rigor and objectivity of the quantitative approach. Case studies, while commonly used for educational purposes, have been viewed in a less favorable light in terms of research. This paper suggests that case studies represent an important research track in organizational science, not only as a method of

Eric Patton; Steven H. Appelbaum

2003-01-01

426

76 FR 17130 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will be...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the country....

2011-03-28

427

76 FR 76417 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will be...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the country....

2011-12-07

428

76 FR 789 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will be...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the country....

2011-01-06

429

[The positioning of nursing research in the academic studies: the origin and development of qualitative and quantitative studies].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to discuss the historical context of qualitative and quantitative research so as to explain the principle of qualitative study and examine the positioning of nursing research within academic study as a whole. This paper guides the readers towards the historical context from empirical science, discusses the influences of qualitative and quantitative research on nursing research, then investigates the nature of research paradigms, examines the positioning of nursing research, which includes the characteristics of fields such as natural science, humanity and social studies, and science, and lastly, presents the research standard proposed by Yardley in 2000. The research paradigms include Positivism, Postpositivism, Criticism, and Constructivism, which can be compared with Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The nature of the paradigm is to determine the assumption of the paradigm on the basis of Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The paradigm determines how the researcher views the world and decides on what to answer, how to research, and how to answer. The difference in academic environment is reflected in the long-term dialogue between qualitative and quantitative studies, as well as the standard for criticism. This paper introduces the method of evaluation of the quality of qualitative study proposed by Yardley in 2002, namely the sensitivity of the context, the promise and conscientiousness, transparency and consistency, influence and significance. The paper is intended to provide a guideline for readers in evaluating the quality of qualitative study. PMID:16432800

Lu, Pei-Pei; Ting, Shing-Shiang; Chen, Mei-Ling; Tang, Woung-Ru

2005-12-01

430

EVALUATING PSYCHIATRIC TREATMENT METHODS THROUGH CLINICAL TRIALS RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents a design for single subject\\/clinical trial research that is applicable for occupational therapists working in a psychiatric treatment facility. The potential factors that can affect outcome are analyzed in terms of the treatment framework, patient characteristics, environmental factors, and therapist skills. Experimental control of external factors affecting behavioral change are analyzed and a protocol for designing a

Franklin Stein

1981-01-01

431

An evaluation of human factors research for ultrasonic inservice inspection  

SciTech Connect

This work was undertaken to determine if human factors research has yielded information applicable to upgrading requirements in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, improving methods and techniques in Section V, and/or suggesting relevant research. A preference was established for information and recommendations which have become accepted and standard practice. Manual Ultrasonic Testing/Inservice Inspection (UT/ISI) is a complex task subject to influence by dozens of variables. This review frequently revealed equivocal findings regarding effects of environmental variables as well as repeated indications that inspection performance may be more, and more reliably, influenced by the workers` social environment, including managerial practices, than by other situational variables. Also of significance are each inspector`s relevant knowledge, skills, and abilities, and determination of these is seen as a necessary first step in upgrading requirements, methods, and techniques as well as in focusing research in support of such programs, While understanding the effects and mediating mechanisms of the variables impacting inspection performance is a worthwhile pursuit for researchers, initial improvements in industrial UTASI performance may be achieved by implementing practices already known to mitigate the effects of potentially adverse conditions. 52 refs., 2 tabs.

Pond, D.J.; Donohoo, D.T.; Harris, R.V. Jr.

1998-03-01

432

Evaluation of the Pacific CHILD Professional Development Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Pacific Communities with High-performance in Literacy Development (Pacific CHILD) Professional Development Model research project was initiated in response to an overwhelming need in PREL's Pacific service region for improvement of teachers' knowledge and instructional practices in early reading. This report examines the question of the…

Chesswas, Roger; Keir, Scott S.; Leung, Eunice; Terada, Wayne

2005-01-01

433

Economic Evaluation of Forestry Research: Synthesis and Methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in the economic impacts of research and development (R&D) among forest economists is of relatively recent vintage when compared with the long history of such inquiries in agricultural economics. In contrast to the literature in agricultural economics, which can be traced to the seminal works of Schultz (1953) and Griliches (1958), such work in forest economics was not of

Barry J. Seldon

1987-01-01

434

An Evaluation of Research Students' Writing Support Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Achieving quality standards in postgraduate education, particularly among Higher Degree by Research (HDR) students, can be challenging. In addition to the diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of these students, thesis writing frequently involves the development of new skills associated with the comprehension of a large volume of…

O'Mahony, Barry; Verezub, Elena; Dalrymple, John; Bertone, Santina

2013-01-01

435

Psychological Research on Death Attitudes: An Overview and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and…

Neimeyer, Robert A.; Wittkowski, Joachim; Moser, Richard P.

2004-01-01

436

Evaluating Children's Use of Symbol in Some Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores a number of examples of what appeared to be recurring symbolic expressions of spirituality found in my recent research into the spiritual experiences of children in Victorian State primary schools. These expressions appeared in drawings and in conversation. In this paper I use hermeneutic phenomenology and a multidisciplinary…

Moriarty, M. Wyn

2009-01-01

437

Clinical Research of HIV Vaccine Studies on Chimpanzees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This contract involves clinical research of vaccine studies on Chimpanzees. Twelve chimpanzees housed in the LEMSIP facility are assigned to this project involving research on HIV vaccine efficacy. These animals are part of a 'dynamic' pool whereby chimpa...

A. W. Rowe E. Muchmore

1994-01-01

438

Not so simple: a quasi-experimental study of how researchers adjudicate genetic research results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethicists contend that researchers are obliged to report genetic research findings to individual study participants when they are clinically significant, that is, when they are clinically useful or personally meaningful to participants. Yet whether such standards are well understood and can be consistently applied remains unknown. We conducted an international, cross-sectional survey of cystic fibrosis (CF) and autism genetics researchers

Robin Zoe Hayeems; Fiona Alice Miller; Li Li; Jessica Peace Bytautas

2011-01-01

439

Studies in Teaching: 2002 Research Digest. Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 2002)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the of an annual educational research forum held at Wake Forest University (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) on December 11, 2002. A table of contents and 27 research studies of high school teaching are included. Studies include: Effects of the Earth/Environmental Science Requirement on High School Science Enrollment in North…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

2002-01-01

440

Teaching students to critically evaluate the quality of Internet research resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet offers a host of high-quality research material in computer science---and, unfortunately, some very low quality resources as well. As part of learning the research process, students should be taught to critically evaluate the quality of all documents that they use. This paper discusses the application of document evaluation criteria to WWW resources, and describes activities for including quality

Sally Jo Cunningham

1997-01-01

441

Research and Evaluation in Operational Competency-Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a collection of papers presented at a 1974 conference on research and evaluation in operational competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. Two conceptual models for research and evaluation of CBTE activities were presented at the conference and the presentations of these models are the first two chapters of this collection: "A…

Dickson, George E., Ed.

1975-01-01

442

The Quest for Academic and Occupational Relevance: An Experiment in Evaluation Research Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development and evaluation of a job-related curriculum for higher education programing in criminology designed, in part, to increase students' ability to produce and use evaluation research, and to stimulate commitment to using research in order to promote change from below. (RDN)|

Johnson, Knowlton W.; And Others

1984-01-01

443

Beginning Interpretative Inquiry: A Step-by-Step Approach to Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Beginning Interpretive Inquiry" importantly makes the distinction between the use of "inquiry" rather than interpretive research or interpretive evaluation. Richard Morehouse explores how inquiry is a far more inclusive concept that allows for a detailed understanding of both research and evaluation. The author draws on his personal experiences…

Morehouse, Richard

2011-01-01

444

Learning by Doing: Action Research to Evaluate Provisions for Gifted and Talented Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Between 2006 and 2008 the Ministry of Education funded the evaluation of three Talent Development Initiatives for gifted and talented students. The methodology employed was one of participatory action research, a process of evaluation that enables learning by doing, as researchers and practitioners work alongside one another. Through the process…

Riley, Tracy; Moltzen, Roger

2011-01-01

445

Report On ‘Action Research: Overcoming the Sports Mentality Approach to Assessment\\/Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this workshop, George Bodner contrasted evaluation with assessment, and presented Action Research as a method for evaluating curriculum changes. He emphasized that any major change in teaching will have some effect; if test scores or other analyses do not reflect this effect, then one must use other tools to uncover it. Bodner defined Action Research as qualitative information-gathering and

NANCY S. GOROFF

1998-01-01

446

Assessing Student Perception of Practice Evaluation Knowledge in Introductory Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explored the use of the Practice Evaluation Knowledge Scale (PEKS) to assess student perception of acquisition and retention of practice evaluation knowledge from an undergraduate research methods class. The authors sampled 2 semesters of undergraduate social work students enrolled in an introductory research methods course.…

Baker, Lisa R.; Pollio, David E.; Hudson, Ashley

2011-01-01

447

Beyond Heritability: Twin Studies in Behavioral Research  

PubMed Central

The heritability of human behavioral traits is now well established, due in large measure to classical twin studies. We see little need for further studies of the heritability of individual traits in behavioral science, but the twin study is far from having outlived its usefulness. The existence of pervasive familial influences on behavior means that selection bias is always a concern in any study of the causal effects of environmental circumstances. Twin samples continue to provide new opportunities to identify causal effects with appropriate genetic and shared environmental controls. We discuss environmental studies of discordant twin pairs and twin studies of genetic and environmental transactions in this context.

Johnson, Wendy; Turkheimer, Eric; Gottesman, Irving I.; Bouchard, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

448

Research on Questions of Human Resources Management Effectiveness Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resources Management Effectiveness is the effect or the degree of achieving goals of Human Resources Management (HRM). It is the concerned topic of managers and senior executives of human resources all along. A good many scholars have carried out indefatigable pursuit to its evaluation modes and measures. The authors synthesize views of scholars home and abroad and make a

Mu Yonggui; Zheng Ying; Shen Qingfeng

2010-01-01

449

Research on evaluation and application of standard competition capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard competition capacity means enterprisespsila capability of effecting technical standards formation and transformation, and making their own technologies to be industrial standards partially or completely. In order to hold the situation of standard competition and purposely establish proper standard competition strategy and tactics, it is one of crucial bases for enterprises to evaluate their standard competition capacity quantitatively. Firstly, this

Zhang Yong

2008-01-01

450

Evaluation of Eco Schools Scotland. SCRE Research Report No. 124  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 2005, Keep Scotland Beautiful commissioned the SCRE Centre at the University of Glasgow to undertake an evaluation of the Eco Schools Programme in Scotland. Eco Schools is a programme for environmental management, certification and sustainable development education. It is an international programme that was developed in 1994 in response…

Pirrie, Anne; Elliot, Dely; McConnell, Fraser; Wilkinson, J. Eric

2006-01-01

451

Automated writing evaluation: defining the classroom research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of English as a global language, the ability to write well in English across diverse settings and for different audiences has become an imperative in second language education programmes throughout the world. Yet the teaching of second language writing is often hindered by the great amount of time and skill needed to evaluate repeated drafts of student

Mark Warschauer; Paige Ware

2006-01-01

452

SER 2, ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATIONS. SER, SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS RESEARCH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE ALREADY EXISTS AND IS EVALUATED HERE IN THE SECOND OF A SERIES OF REPORTS INTENDED TO BE VALUABLE TO ANYONE INTERESTED IN HOW ENVIRONMENT AFFECTS LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR. MAN IS A NONSTATIONARY OPEN SYSTEM UNDERGOING CONTINUOUS INTERCHANGE WITH HIS ENVIRONMENT. THIS INTERACTION, AND THE SEVERAL ASPECTS OF HIS…

CARSON, DANIEL H.; AND OTHERS

453

Research on Enterprise Culture Maturity Evaluation Basing on KPA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the selection of the key process area ( KPA) in the development of enterprise culture, a model is created to assess the enterprise culture maturity in this thesis. This maturity model serves as a core guideline for the enterprise culture evaluation system, which is used to assess the dynamic process of the development of enterprise culture,and it also

Shaoying Zhu; Wenquan Lin

2008-01-01

454

Research on dynamic evaluation of human resource management outsourcing risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the perspective of the workflow of human resource management outsourcing, this article has firstly identified the risks in every stage of outsourcing, including risks in the stage of selecting HRM outsourcing activities, risks in the stage of selecting HRM outsourcing trader, risks in the stage of managing and evaluating HRM outsourcing trader and risks in the stage of quitting.

Liu Bing; Su Shan-shan; Dai Jing-xin

2009-01-01

455

Research on Training Quality Evaluation of Enterprise Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the competition between enterprises human resource becomes a key to that enterprises acquire the competition advantages and employee training grows into the strategic requirement of enterprise development with playing important roles gradually. In view of the existing fuzziness and randomness in the training effect comprehensive evaluation, an index system, which comprises the first class indices such as training condition,

Li Jin-ying; Dong Xue-chen

2009-01-01

456

Automated Writing Evaluation: Defining the Classroom Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the advent of English as a global language, the ability to write well in English across diverse settings and for different audiences has become an imperative in second language education programmes throughout the world. Yet the teaching of second language writing is often hindered by the great amount of time and skill needed to evaluate

Warschauer, Mark; Ware, Paige

2006-01-01

457

Research of competitiveness evaluation and cluster analysis on airlines  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the domestic civil aviation market develops rapidly, the competition among airlines becomes fiercer. So the airlines should maintain their market share, because that's significant for them to survive and develop. This thesis, from the practical situation of airlines, firstly uses factorial analysis method to evaluate airlines competitiveness index system; and then according to the index system, its clustering analysis

Kou Yonggang; Wu Tongshui; Zhu Xinghui

2009-01-01

458

Evaluating nutrient impacts in urban watersheds: challenges and research opportunities.  

PubMed

This literature review focuses on the prevalence of nitrogen and phosphorus in urban environments and the complex relationships between land use and water quality. Extensive research in urban watersheds has broadened our knowledge about point and non-point pollutant sources, but the fate of nutrients is not completely understood. For example, it is not known how long-term nutrient cycling processes in turfgrass landscapes influence nitrogen retention rates or the relative atmospheric contribution to urban nitrogen exports. The effect of prolonged reclaimed water irrigation is also unknown. Stable isotopes have been used to trace pollutants, but distinguishing sources (e.g., fertilizers, wastewater, etc.) can be difficult. Identifying pollutant sources may aid our understanding of harmful algal blooms because the extent of the relationship between urban nutrient sources and algal blooms is unclear. Further research on the delivery and fate of nutrients within urban watersheds is needed to address manageable water quality impacts. PMID:23202644

Carey, Richard O; Hochmuth, George J; Martinez, Christopher J; Boyer, Treavor H; Dukes, Michael D; Toor, Gurpal S; Cisar, John L

2012-11-29

459

Participant evaluation results for two indoor air quality studies  

SciTech Connect

Field studies of pollutant concentrations, housing characteristics, and occupant behavior in occupied houses provide researchers with the best current estimates of indoor air quality in the residential environment. Information obtained from comprehensive multipollutant studies is quite valuable in assessing potential exposure to indoor pollutants. These studies require substantial resources to implement and are frequently sponsored by multiple organizations. A major goal of researchers is to maximize the information obtained from a particular study by performing as many measurements and characterizations as possible without adverse homeowner response. Two major indoor air quality field studies involving extensive indoor air quality characterizations were recently conducted by staff of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Following completion of the field phase of these studies, a participant evaluation survey was sent to all participants requesting their feedback on various aspects of the study. Results of these surveys are discussed.

Hawthorne, A.R.; Dudney, C.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Cohen, M.A.; Spengler, J.D. (Harvard Univ., Boston, MA (USA))

1987-01-01

460

Initial Report on a Study to Plan Development and Implementation of a Connecticut Library Research Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Performed under the guidance of the Connecticut State Library and the Connecticut State Library Research Advisory Committee, this study includes (1) a survey of Connecticut librarians and library users to evaluate the need for a Library Research Center, (2) a design concept for a proposed operational system and a plan for its implementation, and…

United Aircraft Corporate Systems Center, Farmington, CT.

461

Feasibility Study for the Nuclear Research Centre of the Nuclear Energy Commission (Montevideo, Urguary).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The feasibility study was carried out in order to evaluate the possibility of building a Nuclear Research Centre in Uruguay, which would support a wide range of nuclear related technological activities. A market research was carried out, of the products t...

1985-01-01

462

POLICE PROBLEMS: THE COMPLEXITY OF PROBLEM THEORY, RESEARCH AND EVALUATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advancement of problem-oriented policing has been stymied by over-attention to police organizations and under-attention to police problems. This paper develops a research agenda for understanding police problems by addressing four fundamental questions: What are problems? What causes problems? How can we find effective solutions to problems? And how can we learn from problem solving? For each question a possible direction

John Eck

2003-01-01

463

Evaluating the ergonomics of BCI devices for research and experimentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of brain computer interface (BCI) devices in research and applications has exploded in recent years. Applications such as lie detectors that use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to video games controlled using electroencephalography (EEG) are currently in use. These developments, coupled with the emergence of inexpensive commercial BCI headsets, such as the Emotiv EPOC ( http:\\/\\/emotiv.com\\/index.php) and the

Joshua I. Ekandem; Timothy A. Davis; Ignacio Alvarez; Melva T. James; Juan E. Gilbert

2012-01-01

464

Studying the Accuracy of Managers' Perceptions: A Research Odyssey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much organizational activity and academic research relies on the accuracy of managers' perceptions. However, few studies have assessed the accuracy of managerial perceptions, and these studies indicate that managers' perceptions are often very inaccurate. This article discusses an odyssey into the study of managerial perceptions spanning two decades and two empirical studies. It depicts the evolution of research questions, samples,

John M. Mezias; William H. Starbuck

2003-01-01

465

Research Review: Quantitative Magazine Studies, 1983-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines quantitative magazine research studies published in various journals during the period 1983-1993. Questions the heavy reliance on content analysis techniques to study the role of magazines in American society. Calls for a redirection in magazine research, combining media content studies with media effects studies. (SR)|

Popovich, Mark N.

1994-01-01

466

Oasis Connections: Results from an Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based basic computer and Internet training program designed for older adults, provide recommendations for program refinement, and gather preliminary information on program sustainability. Design and Methods: The program was developed by the OASIS Institute, a…

Czaja, Sara J.; Lee, Chin Chin; Branham, Janice; Remis, Peggy

2012-01-01

467

Studying the effects of virtual biodiversity research infrastructures  

PubMed Central

Abstract The research environment of scholars is increasingly web-based. This makes it urgent to study the effects of moving to the Web on research practices, scholarly output and innovation. We propose a theoretical framework and a methodology to study these effects. In a pilot study, we apply theory and method on an online community in biodiversity research, to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach. We also indicate the practical relevance of this kind of analysis for improving the quality of virtual research environments. In the last section, directions for further research are suggested.

Duin, Daphne; van Besselaar, Peter

2011-01-01

468

Are National-Level Research Evaluation Models Valid, Credible, Useful, Cost-Effective, and Ethical?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of government-financed research has become increasingly important in the last few decades in terms of increasing the quality of, and payoff from, the research that is done, reducing the cost of doing it, and lending public credibility to the manner in which research is funded. But there are very large differences throughout the…

Coryn, Chris L. S.; Scriven, Michael

2007-01-01

469

Intellectual Growth for Undergraduate Students: Evaluation Results from an Undergraduate Research Conference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We describe the development and evaluation of the university-wide, weeklong undergraduate research conference at the University of New Hampshire. Despite increases nationally in the number of undergraduate research conferences (URC), there has been little research examining the social and educational impact of these events on student presenters.…

Potter, Sharyn J.; Abrams, Eleanor; Townson, Lisa; Wake, Cameron; Williams, Julie E.

2010-01-01

470

Mentoring Australian Emerging Researchers in Aging: Evaluation of a Pilot Mentoring Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of Australian emerging researchers in aging identified the need for greater professional development and networking opportunities. To address this, a formal mentorship scheme was developed and evaluated. Fourteen postgraduate researchers (proteges) were matched by discipline and research interest to experienced academics (mentors).…

Henwood, Tim; Bartlett, Helen; Carroll, Matthew

2011-01-01

471

The FARMSCAPE approach to decision support: farmers', advisers', researchers' monitoring, simulation, communication and performance evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

FARMSCAPE (Farmers', Advisers', Researchers', Monitoring, Simulation, Communication And Performance Evaluation) is a program of participatory research with the farming community of northeast Australia. It initially involved research to explore whether farmers and their advisers could gain benefit from tools such as soil characterisation and sampling, climate forecasts and, in particular, simulation modelling. Its current focus is facilitating the implementation of

P. S. Carberry; Z. Hochman; R. L. McCown; N. P. Dalgliesh; M. A. Foale; P. L. Poulton; J. N. G. Hargreaves; D. M. G. Hargreaves; S. Cawthray; N. Hillcoat; M. J. Robertson

2002-01-01

472

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

473

Child Abuse and Neglect Program Evaluation: A Report from a Symposium on Evaluation Questions and Research Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in the report on the Symposium on Child Abuse and Neglect Program Evaluation are the critical issues regarding evaluation and research needs which were addressed during the 2-day meeting and a brief description of the meeting's format. A child protective services model involving five stages (identification/reporting,…

Klaus, Susan L.

474

The Evaluation of the National Partnership Project in England: Processes, Issues and Dilemmas in Commissioned Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the processes, issues and dilemmas involved in evaluation research undertaken in the context of changing and evolving government policy in education. The article is grounded in an evaluation of the National Partnership Project (NPP), the team conducted on behalf of England's Teacher Training Agency (TTA) in 2004-2005. It will…

Campbell, Anne; McNamara, Olwen; Furlong, John; Lewis, Sarah F.; Howson, John

2007-01-01

475

The Evaluation of the National Partnership Project in England: Processes, Issues and Dilemmas in Commissioned Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the processes, issues and dilemmas involved in evaluation research undertaken in the context of changing and evolving government policy in education. The article is grounded in an evaluation of the National Partnership Project (NPP), the team conducted on behalf of England's Teacher Training Agency (TTA) in 2004-2005. It will…

Campbell, Anne; McNamara, Olwen; Furlong, John; Lewis, Sarah F.; Howson, John

2007-01-01

476

Rain Garden Research at NRMRL?s Urban Watershed Research Facility: Evaluating Pollutant Removal Performance  

EPA Science Inventory

This slide was displayed on a TV screen along with slides from other ORD postdocs at the EPA Science Forum Postdoc Exhibit, May 20-22. The slide illustrated the rain garden research I am working on at UWMB....

477

76 FR 29756 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation; Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will be...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the country....

2011-05-23

478

Evaluating teaching and research performances: a non-parametric 'benefit-of-the-doubt' approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing popularity, teaching and research evaluations of university faculty remain the subject of criticism. Much of the debate has revolved around the lack of a well-established evaluation methodology, with the existing evaluation practices of providing teachers and researchers with an overall score (i.e., SET- and RES-score) equal to a fixed weighted average of their performances on the multiple

Nicky Rogge

2011-01-01

479

Continence for women: Evaluation of AWHONN's third research utilization project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop an evidence-based protocol for initial evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence and to design procedures that would facilitate the protocol's implementation into clinical practice.Design: Descriptive report of the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) Continence for Women ProjectSetting: Twenty-one public, private, and other women's health sites.Participants: Women in ambulatory care settings (N = 1474)

Carolyn M. Sampselle; Jean F. Wyman; Karen Kelly Thomas; Diane K. Newman; Mikel Gray; Molly Dougherty; Patricia A. Burns

2000-01-01

480

User-centered evaluation of information: a research challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - This paper sets out to present the concept of the value of information, review the descriptive, rational, social and behavioral approaches for assessing the value of information, and explain why user-centered rather than information-centered evaluations are the most relevant. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The paper starts by highlighting the main facets and market characteristics which influence the value of information.

Daphne R. Raban

2007-01-01

481

Making research real: embedding a longitudinal study in a taught research course for undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Learning how and why scholarly research underpins and informs professional nursing practice is a continual challenge for undergraduate nursing students. They find the language and methods of research to be unfamiliar and unsettling. The work of educators thus becomes the process of breaking down barriers to students' understanding of research processes and application. Such work is increasingly important in the current era of evidence based practice, where students must be competent in sourcing, critiquing and applying research to meet real clinical questions. In response, as lecturers who taught the course, Research for Health Professionals, we have reinvented how research is taught to second year undergraduate students. This article outlines our creative approach to facilitate students learning research theory and methodology by conducting a "real-life" research study in a local retirement community. PMID:22100420

Niven, Elizabeth; Roy, Dianne E; Schaefer, Barbara A; Gasquoine, Susan E; Ward, Frances A

2011-11-17

482

Evaluating the informatics for integrating biology and the bedside system for clinical research  

PubMed Central

Background Selecting patient cohorts is a critical, iterative, and often time-consuming aspect of studies involving human subjects; informatics tools for helping streamline the process have been identified as important infrastructure components for enabling clinical and translational research. We describe the evaluation of a free and open source cohort selection tool from the Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2) group: the i2b2 hive. Methods Our evaluation included the usability and functionality of the i2b2 hive using several real world examples of research data requests received electronically at the University of Utah Health Sciences Center between 2006 - 2008. The hive server component and the visual query tool application were evaluated for their suitability as a cohort selection tool on the basis of the types of data elements requested, as well as the effort required to fulfill each research data request using the i2b2 hive alone. Results We found the i2b2 hive to be suitable for obtaining estimates of cohort sizes and generating research cohorts based on simple inclusion/exclusion criteria, which consisted of about 44% of the clinical research data requests sampled at our institution. Data requests that relied on post-coordinated clinical concepts, aggregate values of clinical findings, or temporal conditions in their inclusion/exclusion criteria could not be fulfilled using the i2b2 hive alone, and required one or more intermediate data steps in the form of pre- or post-processing, modifications to the hive metadata, etc. Conclusion The i2b2 hive was found to be a useful cohort-selection tool for fulfilling common types of requests for research data, and especially in the estimation of initial cohort sizes. For another institution that might want to use the i2b2 hive for clinical research, we recommend that the institution would need to have structured, coded clinical data and metadata available that can be transformed to fit the logical data models of the i2b2 hive, strategies for extracting relevant clinical data from source systems, and the ability to perform substantial pre- and post-processing of these data.

2009-01-01

483

Treatment Integrity in Psychotherapy Research: Analysis of the Studies and Examination of the Associated Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment integrity refers to the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended. Two studies evaluated the adequacy of treatment integrity procedures (including establishing, assessing, evaluating, and reporting integrity; therapist treatment adherence; and therapist competence) implemented in psychotherapy research, as well as predictors of their implementation. Randomized controlled trials of psychosocial interventions published in 6 influential psychological and psychiatric

Francheska Perepletchikova; Teresa A. Treat; Alan E. Kazdin

2007-01-01

484

Treatment Integrity in Psychotherapy Research: Analysis of the Studies and Examination of the Associated Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Treatment integrity refers to the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended. Two studies evaluated the adequacy of treatment integrity procedures (including establishing, assessing, evaluating, and reporting integrity; therapist treatment adherence; and therapist competence) implemented in psychotherapy research, as well as…

Perepletchikova, Francheska; Treat, Teresa A.; Kazdin, Alan E.

2007-01-01

485

Consumer research: extrinsic variables in food studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The article aims to address two questions: “What are the important extrinsic variables in consumer food studies?” and “Which are focused on the most?” Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An extensive search of previous literature was conducted to find data on papers related to extrinsic variables in food studies. Both an electronics search through computerized library databases (Web of Science, Food

S. C. F Iop; E. Teixeira; R. Deliza

2006-01-01

486

A Study of Media for Communicating Research Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prompted by dissatisfaction with its information procedures the research department of the Board of Education for Toronto undertook a research project to find new and effective ways of disseminating information about their studies. It was felt that the research information was of little use if it did not reach the interested consumer. Five…

Young, Vivienne; And Others

487

Generalization practices in qualitative research: a mixed methods case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this mixed methods case study was to examine the generalization practices in qualitative research published\\u000a in a reputable qualitative journal. In order to accomplish this, all qualitative research articles published in Qualitative Report since its inception in 1990 (n =  273) were examined. A quantitative analysis of the all 125 empirical qualitative research articles revealed that a

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Nancy L. Leech

2010-01-01

488

Researchers in higher education: a neglected focus of study?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on higher education acknowledges the importance of context to the effective completion of research by postgraduate students but overlooks to study the importance of this factor for academics in higher education. The research reported here explores the extent to which academics in higher education sense that their research engages them in a collective effort, as against individualistic effort

G. Moss; K. Kubacki

2007-01-01

489

Reshaping the Future of Social Studies: Literature/Research Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature/research review was conducted to provide information to guide future work on the Western Canadian Protocol Social Studies K-12 Project and reflects the researchers' perspectives on topics and subjects reviewed. The review represents a broad synthesis of relevant research and literature in the key areas identified, not an exhaustive…

McKay, Roberta; Gibson, Susan

490

Cultural Studies Meets Action Research in the Media Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the role of classroom?based action research in the development of media education in British schools. The first part of the article offers some general observations on the contribution of action research in this field, and on the relationship between action research and broadly ‘ethnographic’ approaches within media and cultural studies. It identifies shared dilemmas in the politics

David Buckingham

1996-01-01

491

Mental Health Research with Latino Farmworkers: A Systematic Evaluation of the Short CES-D  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health research among Latino farmworkers is hampered by the absence of measurement evaluation that ensures farmworkers\\u000a understand and can consistently and appropriately respond to questions about mental health. Cross-sectional data were obtained\\u000a from 409 farmworkers via interviewer-administered survey questionnaires. Mental health was operationalized with the short-form\\u000a Center for Epidemiologic Studies, Depression (CES-D) scale. The structured interviewer-administered survey questionnaires\\u000a included

J. G. Grzywacz; T. Alterman; C. Muntaner; R. Shen; J. Li; S. Gabbard; J. Nakamoto; D. J. Carroll

2010-01-01

492

Articulating a role for program evaluation in responsible conduct of research programs.  

PubMed

Since Integrity in Scientific Research: Creating an Environment That Promotes Responsible Conduct was released in 2001, there has been increased interest in evaluating programs designed to foster the responsible conduct of research (RCR). The field of program evaluation is designed to determine the worth or value of programs and can serve as a resource for institutions interested in evaluating their RCR programs. This article provides a very brief overview of program evaluation, demonstrates how it can be applied to RCR, and provides key reference information. Evaluating RCR programs can promote institutional accountability for the resources that are used in supporting those programs. PMID:24073605

Olson, Lynne E

2014-01-01

493

Twin studies in altitude and hypoxia research.  

PubMed

Humans exhibit high individual variation in response to acute hypoxia exposure. A number of published studies have used a classic 'twin study' model, comparing responses within pairs of monozygotic and dizygotic twins, to separate genetic from environmental contributions to the variation in altitude acclimatization. Available data suggest that some aspects of acclimatization have a heritable component. Most prominent is the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR), which was repeatedly shown to be heritable in a number of age groups spanning infancy to adulthood (F-ratio range: 2.03 to 5.26). The ventilatory response to hypercapnia appears to only be heritable when tested in hypoxic conditions, providing additional evidence for a genetic component to the HVR (F-ratio range: 0.31, 6.92). A number of studies reported an estimate of heritability for more general hypoxic responses, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and blood gases; however, many of these studies relied on relatively small sample sizes and used inaccurate estimates of heritability and thus provided inconclusive evidence to elucidate the source of variation. Future genetic inquiries into the basis of variation in altitude acclimatization might benefit from further use of the classic twin study model: these experiments could identify the specific endophenotypes of altitude acclimatization that are heritable and therefore promising candidates for subsequent molecular studies, such as candidate-gene or genome-wide association studies. PMID:23745290

MacLeod, Kristin E; MacInnis, Martin J; Manokhina, Irina; Rupert, Jim L

2013-06-01

494

COMBINING STATISTICAL, QUALITATIVE AND EVALUATIVE RESEARCH TO DEVELOP A REGIONAL RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION STRATEGY IN LINE WITH INSTITUTIONAL MISSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the way in which a regional recruitment and retention strategy can be informed by research at different levels, through combining information from statistical, qualitative and evaluative studies. The case study is the development of a strategy following the move of location of the Open University's London Regional Centre from a suburban area of London (West Hampstead) to

Judith Fage

495

Feed process studies: Research-Scale Melter  

SciTech Connect

In support of a two-phase approach to privatizing the processing of hazardous and radioactive waste at Hanford, research-scale melter (RSM) experiments were conducted to determine feed processing characteristics of two potential privatization Phase 1 high-level waste glass formulations and to determine if increased Ag, Te, and noble metal amounts would have bad effects. Effects of feed compositions and process conditions were examined for processing rate, cold cap behavior, off-gas, and glass properties. The 2 glass formulations used were: NOM-2 with adjusted waste loading (all components except silica and soda) of 25 wt%, and NOM-3 (max waste loaded glass) with adjusted waste loading of 30 wt%. The 25 wt% figure is the minimum required in the privatization Request for Proposal. RSM operated for 19 days (5 runs). 1010 kg feed was processed, producing 362 kg glass. Parts of runs 2 and 3 were run at 10 to 30 degrees above the nominal temperature 1150 C, with the most significant processing rate increase in run 3. Processing observations led to the choice of NOM-3 for noble metal testing in runs 4 and 5. During noble metal testing, processing rates fell 50% from baseline. Destructive analysis showed that a layer of noble metals and noble metal oxides settled on the floor of the melter, leading to current ``channeling`` which allowed the top section to cool, reducing production rates.

Whittington, K.F.; Seiler, D.K.; Luey, J.; Vienna, J.D.; Sliger, W.A.

1996-09-01

496

The Evaluation of Large Research InitiativesA Participatory Integrative Mixed-Methods Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few decades there has been a rise in the number of federally funded large scientific research initiatives, with increased calls to evaluate their processes and outcomes. This article describes efforts to evaluate such initiatives in one agency within the U.S. federal government. The authors introduce the Evaluation of Large Initiatives (ELI) project, a preliminary effort to explore

William M. Trochim; Stephen E. Marcus; Louise C. Mâsse; Richard P. Moser; Patrick C. Weld

2008-01-01

497

Research on the construction of medical service quality evaluation index system in the perspective of patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to use the theory of service quality evaluation and the method of mathematical statistics, initially establishes a medical service evaluation index system based on the archival research, experts consultation and patients communication. According to the prepared index system, the authors use questionnaire survey method to explore the major considered factors when patients evaluate the medical service quality,

Zhou Lu-lin; Chen Ying; Hu Xi-jian

2010-01-01

498

Federal Policy and Program Evaluation and Research: The America Reads Example.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that national intervention endeavors should contain evaluation requirements that are sufficiently flexible to allow a range of rigorous evaluation designs. Uses the recent America Reads Challenge and research and evaluation efforts conducted independently at three university sites to illustrate the possibilities and pitfalls in engaging in…

Fitzgerald, Jill; Morrow, Lesley Mandel; Gambrell, Linda; Calfee, Robert; Venezky, Richard; Woo, Deborah G.; Dromsky, Ann

2002-01-01

499

Research on Bidder's Competitiveness Evaluation Model Based on Score Ranking System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper carried out a new evaluation research by borrowing the concepts of score ranking system. The designation principles of bidder's competitiveness score ranking system is introduced, and also up build the evaluation index system of bidder's competitiveness. Then the evaluation model of the score ranking system for bidder's competitiveness is expatiated. Finally, we recommend the software development mode for

Hongsheng Shan

2012-01-01

500

Support of USARIEM Postpartum Soldier Research Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pregnant and postpartum soldiers have unique needs that require adjustments in the demands placed on them in a military environment. This prospective cohort study was undertaken to examine the effects of pregnancy on the health, fitness and nutritional st...

J. Dettori K. A. Westphal A. Pusateri A. Cline P. Smith

1997-01-01