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1

Evaluation Research and Policy Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The area of policy studies is explained and comparisons are made with evaluation research. Organizational and individual interaction between these fields would be mutually beneficial. Some of the benefits are discussed. This article and the efforts of the Evaluation Network's Professional Relations Committee should stimulate more organizational…

Nagel, Stuart S.

1985-01-01

2

Research Governance and the Role of Evaluation: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a comparative study of the United Kingdom and Spain, this article addresses the effect of different research governance structures on the functioning and uses of research evaluation. It distinguishes three main evaluation uses: distributive, improvement, and controlling. Research evaluation in the United Kingdom plays important…

Molas-Gallart, Jordi

2012-01-01

3

Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are…

Leech, Nancy L.; Dellinger, Amy B.; Brannagan, Kim B.; Tanaka, Hideyuki

2010-01-01

4

Collaborative Evaluation Research: A Case Study of Teachers' and Academic Researchers' Teamwork in a Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the processes and challenges involved in conducting participatory research and evaluation in schools, by looking at a case study of a collaborative evaluation research that was conducted in a secondary school in Israel by two researchers and three teachers. It describes the experiences of the research team while conducting the…

Alpert, Bracha; Bechar, Shlomit

2007-01-01

5

Teaching Undergraduate Nursing Research: A Narrative Review of Evaluation Studies and a Typology for Further Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of eight studies evaluating strategies for teaching nursing research found they emphasized contextual rather than internal or external validity. A typology for research on teaching strategies was proposed using the categories of purpose, methodological assumptions, types of validity, and sample size. (Contains 45 references.) (SK)

Porter, Eileen J.

2001-01-01

6

77 FR 72438 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will hold a meeting on...

2012-12-05

7

78 FR 70102 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies; Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies; Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will hold a meeting on...

2013-11-22

8

77 FR 31072 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will be held on July 12,...

2012-05-24

9

78 FR 41198 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee, Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will hold a meeting on...

2013-07-09

10

76 FR 19189 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will be held on April...

2011-04-06

11

76 FR 73781 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will be held on December...

2011-11-29

12

75 FR 79446 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will be held on January...

2010-12-20

13

76 FR 65781 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee, Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will be held on November...

2011-10-24

14

75 FR 28686 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee; Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will be held on June 15,...

2010-05-21

15

78 FR 53015 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee, Notice of Meeting The Department...Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will hold a meeting on...

2013-08-27

16

Frameworks for evaluating health research capacity strengthening: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Health research capacity strengthening (RCS) projects are often complex and hard to evaluate. In order to inform health RCS evaluation efforts, we aimed to describe and compare key characteristics of existing health RCS evaluation frameworks: their process of development, purpose, target users, structure, content and coverage of important evaluation issues. A secondary objective was to explore what use had been made of the ESSENCE framework, which attempts to address one such issue: harmonising the evaluation requirements of different funders. Methods We identified and analysed health RCS evaluation frameworks published by seven funding agencies between 2004 and 2012, using a mixed methods approach involving structured qualitative analyses of documents, a stakeholder survey and consultations with key contacts in health RCS funding agencies. Results The frameworks were intended for use predominantly by the organisations themselves, and most were oriented primarily towards funders’ internal organisational performance requirements. The frameworks made limited reference to theories that specifically concern RCS. Generic devices, such as logical frameworks, were typically used to document activities, outputs and outcomes, but with little emphasis on exploring underlying assumptions or contextual constraints. Usage of the ESSENCE framework appeared limited. Conclusions We believe that there is scope for improving frameworks through the incorporation of more accessible information about how to do evaluation in practice; greater involvement of stakeholders, following evaluation capacity building principles; greater emphasis on explaining underlying rationales of frameworks; and structuring frameworks so that they separate generic and project-specific aspects of health RCS evaluation. The third and fourth of these improvements might assist harmonisation.

2013-01-01

17

A critical evaluation of clinical research study designs.  

PubMed

Interventional and observational studies have important roles in dermatology. The results from any study must be put in the context of the appropriate research design selection. RCTs are most useful in determining causality and effectiveness of treatment. Observational studies provide information about epidemiology and possible links between exposure and disease. Understanding the fundamentals underlying the various study designs is critical to both investigators and clinicians alike. PMID:24518116

Besen, Justin; Gan, Stephanie D

2014-03-01

18

Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on

C. T. J. Hulshof; J. H. A. M. Verbeek; F. J. van Dijk; W. E. van der Weide; I. T. J. Braam

1999-01-01

19

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by run- ning the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people. Results: Highest sensitivity was achieved by Medline (52%), Social

Brian Taylor; Emma Wylie; Martin Dempster; Michael Donnelly

2007-01-01

20

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by running the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people.…

Taylor, Brian; Wylie, Emma; Dempster, Martin; Donnelly, Michael

2007-01-01

21

Research Visibility: Research and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research review was to demonstrate the relationship between the research and evaluation activities and the operational programs of the American Vocational Association (AVA) as it was presented to the 1970 annual convention. The 18 research reports are reviewed under these categories: (1) Awareness, Maturity, and Performance,…

Brandon, George, L., Ed.

1971-01-01

22

From Evaluation to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally there has been a tension between evaluation research and so-called pure research which has resulted in evaluation research seldom being recognized by the UK Research Assessment Exercises. The newly configured Research Excellence Framework (REF) will use similar criteria to judge research, notwithstanding the introduction of…

Arthur, Linet; Cox, Elaine

2014-01-01

23

Issues in Research on Evaluation: Improving the Study of Transition Programs for Adolescents with Handicaps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report, which is part of a series, contains seven papers concerned with long range improvement of evaluation of transitional programs serving handicapped youth and young adults. Papers have the following titles, authors, and concerns: "Needed Research on Evaluation: Improving the Study of Transition Programs for Adolescents with Handicaps" by…

Stake, Robert E.

24

Increasing research capacity in the chiropractic profession: A case study and evaluation of an innovative research program in Norway  

PubMed Central

Objective The subject of research methods is not commonly covered in continuing professional development (CPD) courses in spite of its emphasis in undergraduate education. This initiative aimed to develop postgraduate research competency and recruit chiropractors to musculoskeletal research. Methods The program was delivered as a university-based program with 20 credits over seven contact weekends covering topics of evidence-based practice, research methods, statistics, ethics, resources, and funding. Students were assessed through assignments showing competency in critical literature review, case report writing, and production of a research protocol as the final assessment. Non-student participation for CPD points was possible. A student evaluation survey was completed after the end of the academic year. Results There were 26 participants: 16 as students handing in assignments, 10 as non-student participants for up to 94 CPD points. Three submitted a final protocol and two registered at a university PhD program. A network of research clinics was established for data collection for future multicenter studies. Conclusions The program was well received by the participants and gave them the tools and resources to perform research. The two-level attendance system afforded a basis for setting up a network of research clinics with a fundamental understanding of optimal data collection. This initiative has shown that research skills can be revisited through CPD programs as part of evidence-based lifelong learning.

Lothe, Lise R.; Bolton, Jennifer E.

2013-01-01

25

Evaluating institutional capacity for research ethics in Africa: a case study from Botswana  

PubMed Central

Background The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been initiated to strengthen the capacity for research ethics in LMIC. However, most such programs focus on individual training or development of ethics review committees. The objective of this paper is to present an approach to institutional capacity assessment in research ethics and application of this approach in the form of a case study from an institution in Africa. Methods We adapted the Octagon model originally used by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency to assess an organization along eight domains in research ethics: basic values and identity; structure and organization; ability to carry out activities; relevance of activities to stated goals; capacity of staff and management; administrative, financing and accounting systems; its relations with target groups; and the national context. We used a mixed methods approach to collect empirical data at the University of Botswana from March to December 2010. Results The overall shape of the external evaluation Octagon suggests that strengths of the University of Botswana are in the areas of structure, relevance, production and identity; while the university still needs more work in the areas of systems of finance, target groups, and environment. The Octagons also show the similarities and discrepancies between the 'external' and 'internal' evaluations and provide an opportunity for exploration of these different assessments. For example, the discrepant score for 'identity' between internal and external evaluations allows for an exploration of what constitutes a strong identity for research ethics at the University of Botswana and how it can be strengthened. Conclusions There is a general lack of frameworks for evaluating research ethics capacity in LMICs. We presented an approach that stresses evaluation from both internal and external perspectives. This case study highlights the university's rapid progress in developing research ethics capacity and points to some notable areas for improvement. We believe that such an empirically-driven and participatory assessment allows a more holistic measurement and promotion of institutional capacity strengthening for research ethics in LMICs.

2013-01-01

26

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

27

Study designs and evaluation models for emergency department public health research.  

PubMed

Abstract Public health research requires sound design and thoughtful consideration of potential biases that may influence the validity of results. It also requires careful implementation of protocols and procedures that are likely to translate from the research environment to actual clinical practice. This article is the product of a breakout session from the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference entitled "Public Health in the ED: Screening, Surveillance, and Intervention" and serves to describe in detail aspects of performing emergency department (ED)-based public health research, while serving as a resource for current and future researchers. In doing so, the authors describe methodologic features of study design, participant selection and retention, and measurements and analyses pertinent to public health research. In addition, a number of recommendations related to research methods and future investigations related to public health work in the ED are provided. Public health investigators are poised to make substantial contributions to this important area of research, but this will only be accomplished by employing sound research methodology in the context of rigorous program evaluation. PMID:20053232

Broderick, Kerry B; Ranney, Megan L; Vaca, Federico E; D'Onofrio, Gail; Rothman, Richard E; Rhodes, Karin V; Becker, Bruce; Haukoos, Jason S

2009-11-01

28

Review of studies evaluating psychotherapy in bulimia nervosa: the influence of research methods.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to test if design and research methods of studies predict outcome results of bulimia nervosa. Fifty-seven articles on outcome of bulimia nervosa were found through MEDLINE and PSYCHINFO databases and 25 were included in the statistical analysis. Percentages of patients with a good outcome ranged from 24% to 74% with a mean of 51.1%. The variables best predicting outcome were time to follow-up and number of symptoms evaluated in definition of good outcome whereas dropout, design of studies, treatments, and sample characteristics did not predict significantly. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:15182243

Clausen, Loa

2004-07-01

29

Variability of Judgments of Capacity: Experience of Capacity Evaluators in a Study of Research Consent Capacity  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Assessment of decision-making capacity is a common and important function of psychiatric consultants. However, the sources of variability in evaluators’ judgments have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE To examine the degree and potential sources of variability in the categorical capacity judgments of experienced psychiatrists. METHOD The setting was a study comparing the decision-making capacities of 188 persons with Alzheimer’s disease to appoint a research proxy and to consent to two hypothetical randomized controlled trials for dementia (a new drug RCT and a neurosurgical RCT). We compared 5 experienced consultation psychiatrists’ capacity judgments for 555 videotaped capacity interviews. Both quantitative and qualitative data were used. RESULTS Pairwise kappa statistics ranged from slight agreement (0.17) to substantial agreement (0.64) with group kappa statistics ranging from fair to moderate agreement (0.40 to 0.45) for the psychiatrists’ judgments regarding the three capacities. The sources of variability included varying “strictness” among judges, moderate test-retest reliability within judges, the relative novelty of assessing decision-making capacity for research participation decisions, as well as the limitations of the methods used to obtain capacity judgments in the study. DISCUSSION There is considerable variability in capacity judgments of experienced consultation psychiatrists regarding the capacities to appoint a research proxy and to consent to research. The potential sources of variability identified in this study may provide starting points for more effective training in capacity assessment.

Kim, Scott Y. H.; Appelbaum, Paul S.; Kim, H. Myra; Wall, Ian F.; Bourgeois, James A.; Frankel, Bernard; Hails, Kevin C.; Rundell, James R.; Seibel, Kathleen M.; Karlawish, Jason H.

2011-01-01

30

Evaluative Studies in Nuclear Medicine Research: Positron Computed Tomography Assessment. Final Report, January 1, 1982-December 31, 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are reported of the final phase of the study effort generally titled Evaluative Studies in Nuclear Medicine Research. The previous work is reviewed and extended to an assessment providing perspectives on medical applications of positron emission t...

E. J. Potchen G. I. Harris D. A. R. D. Gift J. E. Siebert

1983-01-01

31

Evaluative research: a case study of the Teacher Induction Pilot Schemes project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses an earlier conceptual framework in order to promote a dialogue between funding agencies and researchers about the problems and limitations of evaluating the implementation of a major national project in teacher education concerned with the induction of beginning teachers. Eight propositions highlight the principal issues associated with the evaluation contract, with changes in the evalution task team

R. Bolam

1981-01-01

32

Evaluative research study of a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) honors program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research includes a comprehensive evaluation of a full scholarship program at Norfolk State University (NSU), which serves principally African American students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. African Americans are currently underrepresented in STEM areas. The emphasis of this program, which was initiated in 1985, was developed to encourage African American students to pursue graduate degrees in

Arlene P. Maclin

2007-01-01

33

Orthotics research evaluation framework.  

PubMed

The evaluation framework presented here defines a three-tier hierarchy of the functional goals of rehabilitation, using the tenodesis splint as an example of an orthosis designed to improve limb function. These goals are combined with five categories of evaluative criteria to create a matrix. Based upon the key validity assumptions underlying the goals, conjoint criteria are suggested. Directions of development and inquiry are indicated. The matrix illustrates the separation as well as the integration of goal levels and evaluative categories; it sets the stage for the proper context and relative importance of specific splinting. This framework will increase the validity of criteria for orthotics evaluation in the design of future clinical studies. PMID:1147749

Rizzo, F; Hamilton, B B; Keagy, R D

1975-07-01

34

78 FR 55068 - Request for Information To Inform the Title III Evaluation and Research Studies Agenda  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research Studies Agenda AGENCY: Office of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students, Department of Education...development that is responsive to the needs of English learners (ELs). DATES: Written...

2013-09-09

35

Evaluating Principals. Research Roundup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five recent studies included in this annotated bibliography highlight the diverse facets of an effective principal evaluation system. A technical report by Jerry W. Valentine and Michael L. Bowman includes a clinical instrument for assessing teachers' perception of principals' effectiveness. In a second report, Daniel L. Duke and Richard J.…

Andrews, Carl

1990-01-01

36

Drawing from Teacher Effectiveness Research and Research into Teacher Interpersonal Behaviour to Establish a Teacher Evaluation System: A Study on the Use of Student Ratings to Evaluate Teacher Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents results of a study attempting to identify the extent to which teacher effectiveness research and research into teacher interpersonal behavior can help us collect valid and reliable evaluative data from students about their teacher behavior. The major findings of teacher effectiveness research are outlined and the process that…

Kyriakides, Leonidas

2005-01-01

37

MRM Evaluation Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is an interim report on the current output of the MRM evaluation research program. During 1998 this research program has used new and existing data to create an important tool for the development and improvement of "maintenance resource management" (MRM). Thousands of surveys completed by participants in airline MRM training and/or behavior change programs have, for the first time, been consolidated into a panel of "MRM Attitudes and Opinion Profiles." These profiles can be used to compare the attitudes about decision making and communication in any given company at any stage in its MRM program with attitudes of a large sample of like employees during a similar period in their MRM involvement. This panel of comparison profiles for attitudes and opinions is a tool to help audit the effectiveness of a maintenance human factors program. The profile panel is the first of several tools envisioned for applying the information accumulating in MRM databases produced as one of the program's long range objectives.

Taylor, James C.

1998-01-01

38

A framework for evaluating diagnostic discordance in pathology discovered during research studies.  

PubMed

Context.-Little is known about the frequency of discordant diagnoses identified during research. Objective.-To describe diagnostic discordance identified during research and apply a newly designed research framework for investigating discordance. Design.-Breast biopsy cases (N = 407) from registries in Vermont and New Hampshire were independently reviewed by a breast pathology expert. The following research framework was developed to assess those cases: (1) compare the expert review and study database diagnoses, (2) determine the clinical significance of diagnostic discordance, (3) identify and correct data errors and verify the existence of true diagnostic discrepancies, (4) consider the impact of borderline cases, and (5) determine the notification approach for verified disagreements. Results.-Initial overall discordance between the original diagnosis recorded in our research database and a breast pathology expert was 32.2% (131 of 407). This was reduced to less than 10% after following the 5-step research framework. Detailed review identified 12 cases (2.9%) with data errors (2 in the underlying pathology registry, 3 with incomplete slides sent for expert review, and 7 with data abstraction errors). After excluding the cases with data errors, 38 cases (9.6%) among the remaining 395 had clinically meaningful discordant diagnoses (? = 0.82; SE, 0.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.76-0.87). Among these 38 cases, 20 (53%) were considered borderline between 2 diagnoses by either the original pathologist or the expert. We elected to notify the pathology registries and facilities regarding discordant diagnoses. Conclusions.-Understanding the types and sources of diagnostic discordance uncovered in research studies may lead to improved scientific data and better patient care. PMID:24978923

Feng, Sherry; Weaver, Donald L; Carney, Patricia A; M Reisch, Lisa; M Geller, Berta; Goodwin, Andrew; Rendi, Mara H; Onega, Tracy; Allison, Kim H; Tosteson, Anna N A; Nelson, Heidi D; Longton, Gary; Pepe, Margaret; Elmore, Joann G

2014-07-01

39

Class Size Reduction in a Large Urban School District: A Mixed Methodology Evaluation Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the Class Size Reduction (CSR) program in 34 elementary schools in Kentucky's Jefferson County Public Schools. The CSR program is a federal initiative to help elementary schools improve student learning by hiring additional teachers. Qualitative data were collected using unstructured interviews, site observations, and document…

Munoz, Marco A.

40

An Evaluative Study of the Nurse Education Program. Research Report Number 82-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of the nurse education program at Middlesex County College (MCC) was conducted in response to an increasing dropout rate and a decline in the passing rate of program graduates on the Licensing Board Examination (LBE). The study focused on the relationship between student background and performance and between student performance in…

Capoor, Madan

41

A Participatory Action Research Pilot Study of Urban Health Disparities Using Rapid Assessment Response and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Healthy People 2010 made it a priority to eliminate health disparities. We used a rapid assessment response and evaluation (RARE) to launch a program of participatory action research focused on health disparities in an urban, disadvantaged Black community serviced by a major south Florida health center. We formed partnerships with community members, identified local health disparities, and guided interventions targeting health disparities. We describe the RARE structure used to triangulate data sources and guide intervention plans as well as findings and conclusions drawn from scientific literature and epidemiological, historic, planning, clinical, and ethnographic data. Disenfranchisement and socioeconomic deprivation emerged as the principal determinants of local health disparities and the most appropriate targets for intervention.

Brown, David Richard; Hernandez, Agueda; Saint-Jean, Gilbert; Evans, Sian; Tafari, Ida; Brewster, Luther G.; Celestin, Michel J.; Gomez-Estefan, Carlos; Regalado, Fernando; Akal, Siri; Nierenberg, Barry; Kauschinger, Elaine D.; Schwartz, Robert; Page, J. Bryan

2008-01-01

42

Teacher Evaluation. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every school district has policies and procedures for evaluating teachers that are shaped by state law and local collective bargaining agreements. As a result of No Child Left Behind and other accountability legislation many states modified requirements about the frequency of evaluation and now require the use of student achievement data as one…

Williamson, Ronald

2011-01-01

43

Evaluation of Research Reactors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present status of research reactors with highly enriched (93%) uranium fuel at JAERI, JRR-2 and JMTR is described. JRR-2 is a heterogeneous type of reactor, using heavy water as moderator and coolant. It uses both MTR type and cylindrical type of fuel...

1978-01-01

44

In-silico studies in Chinese herbal medicines' research: evaluation of in-silico methodologies and phytochemical data sources, and a review of research to date.  

PubMed

The available databases that catalogue information on traditional Chinese medicines are reviewed in terms of their content and utility for in-silico research on Chinese herbal medicines, as too are the various protein database resources, and the software available for use in such studies. The software available for bioinformatics and 'omics studies of Chinese herbal medicines are summarised, and a critical evaluation given of the various in-silico methods applied in screening Chinese herbal medicines, including classification trees, neural networks, support vector machines, docking and inverse docking algorithms. Recommendations are made regarding any future in-silico studies of Chinese herbal medicines. PMID:22326356

Barlow, D J; Buriani, A; Ehrman, T; Bosisio, E; Eberini, I; Hylands, P J

2012-04-10

45

Research Strategies for Evaluating Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents papers given at several conferences of Naval Training research personnel, consultants, and investigators from Washington University of St. Louis who were under contract with the Office of Naval Research to develop and test strategies for evaluating training. Part I covers basic issues in training research--learning ability;…

DuBois, Philip H., Ed.; Mayo, G. Douglas, Ed.

46

Alternative Evaluation Research Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of a continuing series initiated to provide materials for teachers, parents, school administrators, and governmental decision-makers that might encourage reexamination of a range of evaluation issues and perspectives about schools and schooling. This monograph is a description and analysis of two contrasting paradigms: one…

Patton, Michael Quinn

47

Talk, trust and time: a longitudinal study evaluating knowledge translation and exchange processes for research on violence against women  

PubMed Central

Background Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem. Translation of VAW research to policy and practice is an area that remains understudied, but provides the opportunity to examine knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) processes in a complex, multi-stakeholder context. In a series of studies including two randomized trials, the McMaster University VAW Research Program studied one key research gap: evidence about the effectiveness of screening women for exposure to intimate partner violence. This project developed and evaluated KTE strategies to share research findings with policymakers, health and community service providers, and women's advocates. Methods A longitudinal cross-sectional design, applying concurrent mixed data collection methods (surveys, interviews, and focus groups), was used to evaluate the utility of specific KTE strategies, including a series of workshops and a day-long Family Violence Knowledge Exchange Forum, on research sharing, uptake, and use. Results Participants valued the opportunity to meet with researchers, provide feedback on key messages, and make personal connections with other stakeholders. A number of factors specific to the knowledge itself, stakeholders' contexts, and the nature of the knowledge gap being addressed influenced the uptake, sharing, and use of the research. The types of knowledge use changed across time, and were specifically related to both the types of decisions being made, and to stage of decision making; most reported use was conceptual or symbolic, with few examples of instrumental use. Participants did report actively sharing the research findings with their own networks. Further examination of these second-order knowledge-sharing processes is required, including development of appropriate methods and measures for its assessment. Some participants reported that they would not use the research evidence in their decision making when it contradicted professional experiences, while others used it to support apparently contradictory positions. The online wiki-based 'community of interest' requested by participants was not used. Conclusions Mobilizing knowledge in the area of VAW practice and policy is complex and resource-intensive, and must acknowledge and respect the values of identified knowledge users, while balancing the objectivity of the research and researchers. This paper provides important lessons learned about these processes, including attending to the potential unintended consequences of knowledge sharing.

2011-01-01

48

U.S. Research to Conduct Life-Cycle Study to Evaluate Alternative Strategies for Integrated Waste Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper discusses usinglife-cycle assessment principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (MSW) management options. This research will provide the MSW decision-maker with more complet...

S. A. Thorneloe S. Friedrich M. A. Barlaz R. Ranjithan K. A. Weitz E. J. Kong S. Nishtala C. Wiles P. B. Shepherd R. K. Ham

1995-01-01

49

Overview of Research to Conduct Life-Cycle Study to Evaluate Alternative Strategies for Integrated Waste Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper gives an overview of the schedule for outputs from and the potential applications of research to use life-cycle assessment (LCA) principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (...

S. A. Thorneloe S. Friedrich M. A. Barlaz R. Ranjithan K. A. Weitz E. J. Kong S. Nishtala C. Wiles P. B. Shepherd R. K. Ham

1995-01-01

50

Policy Research and National and State Evaluation Studies of Vocational-Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational-technical education has neglected the area of policy research, not because Federal support preempts the policy-making role, but for a combination of reasons: (1) adverse reaction to a vocational-technical program is not welcomed by its authors and benefactors, (2) vocational-technical educators are not typically researchers, (3) the…

Schaefer, Carl J.

51

Evaluative studies in nuclear medicine research. Progress report, October 1, 1979-June 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Effort since the last progress report (September 1979) has been directed toward assessing the potential short and long term benefits of continued development and application and medical research of emission computed tomograhy (ECT). This report contains a review of existing ECT technology, including functional descriptions of current and proposed image systems, for both sngle-photon ECT (SPECT) and positron ECT (PECT) approaches. Medical research and clinical topics to which ECT has been, or may be, applied are presented. One such area of investigation involves the effects of stroke. The application of ECT to laboratory research, and to clinical diagnosis and prognosis, of stroke may result in improved management of the disease. An illustration of the potential savings in the cost of management of stroke due to the effects of applied ECT research is included. The results represent a compilation of data collected from conversations with, and conference presentations by, ECT users, researchers and image system designers, and from a review of the literature.

Potchen, E.J.

1980-07-01

52

The Logic of Research Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer suggestions about logical distinctions often overlooked in the evaluation of research, beginning with a strong plea not to treat technology as applied science, and especially not to treat research in technology as important only if it makes a contribution to scientific knowledge. They argue that the frameworks illustrated in this…

Scriven, Michael; Coryn, Chris L. S.

2008-01-01

53

Research Collaboration and Publication during Graduate Studies: Evaluating Benefits and Costs from Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's academic climate, the old adage "publish or perish" no longer applies solely to postdoctoral scholars, lecturers, visiting and tenure-track faculty members. Many masters and doctoral (graduate) students nationwide are expected to publish their research results before graduation. Many leading academic departments have required their…

Lei, Simon A.; Chuang, Ning-Kuang

2009-01-01

54

[A specialistic database on research evaluation].  

PubMed

The evaluation of scientific research is an internationally wide debated subject but it is not well established in Italy so far. The need for evaluation practices sets up both to assess and verify the scientific production as well as the efficiency of the research process and, on the other side, for the assessment of resources and funds in the wider framework of research policies. This study illustrates the contents and structures of a specialistic database, published on the web, addressed to a specific target of users. The database has been designed to contribute to spread information on the evaluation practices, theory, disciplines and the big debate on science evaluation. PMID:15098566

Conti, Susanna; Solimini, Renata; Toccaceli, Virgilia

2003-01-01

55

A quantitative study of experimental evaluations of neural network learning algorithms: Current research practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

190 articles about neural network learning algorithmspublished in 1993 and 1994 are examinedfor the amount of experimental evaluation theycontain. 29% of them employ not even a singlerealistic or real learning problem. Only 8% of thearticles present results for more than one problemusing real world data. Furthermore, one third ofall articles do not present any quantitative comparisonwith a previously known algorithm.

Lutz Prechelt

1996-01-01

56

A Study of Experimental Evaluations of Neural Network Learning Algorithms: Current Research Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

113 articles about neural network learning algorithmspublished in 1993 and 1994 are examinedfor the amount of experimental evaluation theycontain. Every third of them does employ noteven a single realistic or real learning problem.Only 6% of all articles present results for morethan one problem using real world data. Furthermore,one third of all articles does not present anyquantitative comparison with a previously

Lutz Prechelt

1994-01-01

57

[Research on evaluation methods of road ecological effects: a case study of Lan-Hai highway].  

PubMed

The ecological effects of roads are systematically and quantitatively evaluated using different methods and metrics in three scales. The small scale effects are assessed by in-situ measurement, the middle scale effects by remote sensing monitoring in different resolution and large scale effects by spatial models based on RS and GIS. The results are satisfactory when this system was applied to Lan-Hai highway. The system can be an important reference to highway ecological effects assessment. PMID:18290456

Mu, Bin; Xie, Yang; Jiang, Nan; Cai, Bo-feng; Yu, Shun-li

2007-12-01

58

The LACC Tutoring Program: An Evaluation. Research Study #80-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to gather opinions and data about the impact of Los Angeles City College's tutorial program, a two-part study was conducted in Spring 1979. Initially, the academic records of 477 students who had received tutoring in Spring 1979 were examined and compared with overall campus performance averages in the following areas: class(es) for which…

Gold, Ben K.

59

National Job Corps Study: Report on the Process Analysis. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a process analysis that describes and documents Job Corps services and operations. Chapter one provides overviews of Job Corps, the national Job Corps study, and the process analysis. Chapter two describes the administrative structure of Job Corps and presents data on the geographic distribution and characteristics…

Johnson, Terry; Gritz, Mark; Jackson, Russell; Burghardt, John; Boussy, Carol; Leonard, Jan; Orians, Carlyn

60

Prototype Solar House. Study of the Scientific Evaluation and Feasibility of a Research and Development Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary study was undertaken before a large scale project for construction and survey of about a hundred solar houses was launched. The notion of solar house was defined and the use of solar energy (hot water preparation, heating of rooms, heating o...

V. Bundschuh J. W. Grueter M. Kleemann M. Melis H. J. Stein

1982-01-01

61

Evaluation Research on Social Work Interventions: A Study on the Impact of Social Worker Staffing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of social worker staffing on depression and health-related quality of life (QOL) of end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Social workers in most dialysis units work a 5-day week. Patients are usually dialyzed three times per week. Patients on a Monday-Wednesday-Friday schedule have access to their social worker 3 days a week, while the Tuesday-Thursday-Saturday

Joan Beder

2008-01-01

62

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH TO CONDUCT LIFE-CYCLE STUDY TO EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives an overview of, the schedule for outputs from, and the potential applications of research to use life-cycle assessment (LCA) principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (MSW) management options...

63

Program Evaluation - Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program Research and Development Projects Assessment of Benefits - Case Studies No. 2  

SciTech Connect

This report is the second of a series of studies to evaluate research and development (R&D) projects funded by the Automotive Lightweighting Materials (ALM) Program of the Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies (OAAT) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the program evaluation are to assess short-run outputs and long-run outcomes that may be attributable to the ALM R&D projects. The ALM program focuses on the development and validation of advanced technologies that significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost. Funded projects range from fundamental materials science research to applied research in production environments. Collaborators on these projects include national laboratories, universities, and private sector firms, such as leading automobile manufacturers and their suppliers. Three ALM R&D projects were chosen for this evaluation: Design and Product Optimization for Cast Light Metals, Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures, and Rapid Tooling for Functional Prototyping of Metal Mold Processes. These projects were chosen because they have already been completed. The first project resulted in development of a comprehensive cast light metal property database, an automotive application design guide, computerized predictive models, process monitoring sensors, and quality assurance methods. The second project, the durability of lightweight composite structures, produced durability-based design criteria documents, predictive models for creep deformation, and minimum test requirements and suggested test methods for establishing durability properties and characteristics of random glass-fiber composites for automotive structural composites. The durability project supported Focal Project II, a validation activity that demonstrates ALM program goals and reduces the lead time for bringing new technology into the marketplace. Focal projects concentrate on specific classes of materials and nonproprietary components and are done jointly by DOE and the Automotive Composites Consortium of U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR). The third project developed a rapid tooling process that reduces tooling time, originally some 48-52 weeks, to less than 12 weeks by means of rapid generation of die-casting die inserts and development of generic holding blocks, suitable for use with large casting applications. This project was conducted by the United States Automotive Materials Partnership, another USCAR consortium.

Das, S.

2003-01-23

64

Evaluation Research and Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program's implementation of an evaluation research-driven quality assurance process for Florida's juvenile justice educational programs. Reviews the literature on juvenile justice educational practices and describes the educational quality assurance standards and annual modifications that draw…

Pesta, George; Respress, Trinetia; Major, Aline K.; Arazan, Christine; Coxe, Terry

2002-01-01

65

Evaluating the Research Utilization Specialist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From June 1972 through June 1975, the authors conducted an evaluation of the National Research Utilization Specialists (RUS) Demonstration Program. This five-year program installed an RUS in nine state vocational rehabilitation agencies to test the value of this innovative job function for getting new knowledge put to practical use. (Author)

Glaser, Edward M.; Backer, Thomas E.

1975-01-01

66

Measuring Law for Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and…

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

2010-01-01

67

The Burden of Research on Trauma for Respondents: A Prospective and Comparative Study on Respondents Evaluations and Predictors  

PubMed Central

The possible burden of participating in trauma research is an important topic for Ethical Committees (EC's), Review Boards (RB's) and researchers. However, to what extent research on trauma is more burdensome than non-trauma research is unknown. Little is known about which factors explain respondents evaluations on the burden: to what extent are they trauma-related or dependent on other factors such as personality and how respondents evaluate research in general? Data of a large probability based multi-wave internet panel, with surveys on politics and values, personality and health in 2009 and 2011, and a survey on trauma in 2012 provided the unique opportunity to address these questions. Results among respondents confronted with these events in the past 2 years (N?=?950) showed that questions on trauma were significantly and systematically evaluated as less pleasant (enjoyed less), more difficult, but also stimulated respondents to think about things more than almost all previous non-trauma surveys. Yet, the computed effect sizes indicated that the differences were (very) small and often meaningless. No differences were found between users and non-users of mental services, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms. Evaluations of the burden of previous surveys in 2011 on politics and values, personality and health most strongly, systematically and independently predicted the burden of questions on trauma, and not posttraumatic stress symptoms, event-related coping self-efficacy and personality factors. For instance, multiple linear regression analyses showed that 30% of the variance of how (un)pleasant questions on trauma and life-events were evaluated, was explained by how (un)pleasant the 3 surveys in 2011 were evaluated, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms (not significant) and coping self-efficacy (5%). Findings question why EC's, RB's and researchers should be more critical of the possible burden of trauma research than of the possible burden of other non-trauma research.

van der Velden, Peter G.; Bosmans, Mark W. G.; Scherpenzeel, Annette C.

2013-01-01

68

Fishery Research: Idaho Steelhead Monitoring and Evaluation Studies (Annual Progress Report, January 1, 2007-December 31, 2007).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of Idaho Steelhead Monitoring and Evaluation Studies is to collect monitoring data to evaluate wild and natural steelhead populations in the Clearwater and Salmon river drainages. During 2007, intensive population data were collected in Fish Cree...

S. Putnam T. Copeland

2008-01-01

69

Case Study Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study research aims to explore and depict a setting with a view to advancing understanding. This note explores the dimensions of case study research in higher education, with special reference to geographical fieldwork. It explores Stake's three categories of case study research: intrinsic, instrumental and collective. It provides guidelines…

Cousin, Glynis

2005-01-01

70

Management systems research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a Monte Carlo simulation of procurement activities at the NASA Ames Research Center is described. Data cover: simulation of the procurement cycle, construction of a performance evaluation model, examination of employee development, procedures and review of evaluation criteria for divisional and individual performance evaluation. Determination of the influences and apparent impact of contract type and structure and development of a management control system for planning and controlling manpower requirements.

Bruno, A. V.

1975-01-01

71

Contribution of Genome-Wide Association Studies to Scientific Research: A Pragmatic Approach to Evaluate Their Impact  

PubMed Central

The factual value of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for the understanding of multifactorial diseases is a matter of intense debate. Practical consequences for the development of more effective therapies do not seem to be around the corner. Here we propose a pragmatic and objective evaluation of how much new biology is arising from these studies, with particular attention to the information that can help prioritize therapeutic targets. We chose multiple sclerosis (MS) as a paradigm disease and assumed that, in pre-GWAS candidate-gene studies, the knowledge behind the choice of each gene reflected the understanding of the disease prior to the advent of GWAS. Importantly, this knowledge was based mainly on non-genetic, phenotypic grounds. We performed single-gene and pathway-oriented comparisons of old and new knowledge in MS by confronting an unbiased list of candidate genes in pre-GWAS association studies with those genes exceeding the genome-wide significance threshold in GWAS published from 2007 on. At the single gene level, the majority (94 out of 125) of GWAS-discovered variants had never been contemplated as plausible candidates in pre-GWAS association studies. The 31 genes that were present in both pre- and post-GWAS lists may be of particular interest in that they represent disease-associated variants whose pathogenetic relevance is supported at the phenotypic level (i.e. the phenotypic information that steered their selection as candidate genes in pre-GWAS association studies). As such they represent attractive therapeutic targets. Interestingly, our analysis shows that some of these variants are targets of pharmacologically active compounds, including drugs that are already registered for human use. Compared with the above single-gene analysis, at the pathway level GWAS results appear more coherent with previous knowledge, reinforcing some of the current views on MS pathogenesis and related therapeutic research. This study presents a pragmatic approach that helps interpret and exploit GWAS knowledge.

Germinario, Lorenzo; Alma, Eleonora; Briani, Martina; Di Segni, Noemi; Montesanti, Dalma; Pierelli, Giorgia; Cancrini, Fabiana; Lomonaco, Cristiano; Grassi, Francesca; Palmieri, Gabriella; Salvetti, Marco

2013-01-01

72

Research to Action: an evaluation.  

PubMed

The evaluation of the Research to Action project was conducted using an Outcome Mapping (OM) methodology (Earl et al. 2001) with a mixed-methods, repeat survey (before/after) study design. This design uses concurrent measurement of process and outcome indicators at baseline and follow-up. The RTA project proved effective at improving work environments and thereby promoting the retention and recruitment of nurses. Nurses involved in the RTA initiatives had a higher perception of leadership and support in their units, improved job satisfaction, increased empowerment and occupational commitment, and a greater intention to stay on the job.The pilot projects were most successful when there were clearly stated objectives, buy-in from nurses, support from the steering committee and management, and adequate communication among stakeholders. Committed coordination and leadership, both locally and nationally, were central to success.Considerable evidence has documented the challenges facing Canada's nursing human resources and their workplaces, such as high levels of turnover, excessive use of overtime and persistent shortages. There is a growing imperative to translate this research into action, and much of the available evidence presents viable policy alternatives for consideration. For example, a recent national synthesis report (Maddalena and Crupi 2008) recommended that, in consultation with stakeholders, processes should be put in place to share knowledge and best practices in nursing management, practice, staffing models and innovations in workplace health and well-being.Nurses across the country report a desire to be more involved in decisions affecting them and their patients (Wortsman and Janowitz 2006). A recent study on the shortage of registered nurses in Canada (Tomblin Murphy et al. 2009) highlighted the need for collaboration among governments, employers, unions and other stakeholders to improve working conditions for nurses. Another report notes the potential benefits of reduced turnover among nurses, the cost of which has been identified as a major burden on the Canadian healthcare system (O'Brien-Pallas et al. 2010). One of the goals of the pan-Canadian framework for health human resources (HHR) planning adopted by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Health Delivery and Human Resources is to enhance all jurisdictions' capacity to build and maintain a sustainable workforce in healthy, safe work environments (ACHDHR 2005).Within this context, Health Canada's Office of Nursing Policy provided funding to the Canadian Federation of Nurses Unions (CFNU) and partner agencies in October 2008 to develop pilot projects across the country aimed at improving nurse retention and recruitment through various workplace improvement schemes. Each of the provincial partners contributed funds, in-kind support or both to the projects. The initiative was entitled Research to Action: Applied Workplace Solutions for Nurses (RTA). A national steering committee including representation from unions, governments and employers, each pilot project, CFNU and its national partners – the Canadian Nurses Association, the Canadian Healthcare Association and the Dietitians of Canada – was formed to oversee the development of 10 pilot projects. There was one project in each of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia and Nunavut. The pilot projects, led by their own steering committees, focused on various aspects of nursing practice identified as particularly relevant to each jurisdiction, with a specific emphasis on improving the work life of nurses and transforming research knowledge into practice. The goals of the RTA initiative were to promote high-quality workplace environments, improve the retention and recruitment of nurses (RNs and LPNs), enhance the quality of patient care and engage stakeholders in collaborative partnerships. The first project began in May 2009 and the last project was completed in March 2011. PMID:22398

Murphy, Gail Tomblin; Alder, Rob; MacKenzie, Adrian; Cook, Amanda; Maddalena, Victor

2012-03-01

73

Evaluation of the Fatigue Resistance of CDA 182 Copper for Use in the Impurity Study Experiment Fusion Research Tokamak (ISX).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fatigue behavior of CDA 182, a Cu-1% Cr alloy, was evaluated under load-controlled cycling, simulating service conditions in ISX, a fusion research Tokamak. Heat-treated, work-hardened CDA 182 was selected for use in ISX on the basis of relatively goo...

W. R. Corwin R. O. Hussung D. C. Lousteau M. W. Poore

1978-01-01

74

Engineering Evaluation and Control of Toxic Airborne Effluents. Volume 1. Single Droplet Studies of Surrogate Hazardous Waste Incineration. Volume 2. Research and Development of Methods for the Engineering Evaluation and Control of Toxic Airborne Effluents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is issued in two volumes. Volume 1 is entitled 'Single Droplet Studies of Surrogate Hazardous Waste Incineration'; Volume 2 is entitled 'Research and Development of Methods for the Engineering Evaluation and Control of Toxic Airborne Effluents'...

N. W. Sorbo D. P. Y. Chang R. R. Steeper R. L. Bell B. J. Morrison

1988-01-01

75

Developing Comparative Bibliometric Indicators for Evaluating the Research Performance of Four Academic Nutrition Departments, 1992-1996: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study develops a set of empirically and theoretically sound citation-based bibliometric indicators of scientific research performance and applies them in an exploratory comparative study of the University of Tennessee-Knoxville's (UTK's) Nutrition Department with three of its peer programs at the University of Florida, the University of…

Ackermann, Eric George

76

Evaluation of research projects – Perspectives for applied research in food and agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the task of evaluating research projects’ relevance and scientific quality is addressed, and a pilot study is executed for five Danish food and agricultural research programmes. Literature reviewed emphasises the importance of context, of consistency and transparency and of the cost of evaluation. Moreover, the purpose of research evaluation is thoroughly examined. The method developed and implemented

S. M. Pedersen; M. V. Boesen; D. Baker; A. Larsen; J. L. Pedersen

2011-01-01

77

Voice communication research evaluation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aircraft voice communications may be degraded by a variety of sources such as electrical and/or acoustical noise, radio interference, jamming and various other forms of distraction. The Voice Communication Research and Evaluation System, located in the Biodynamics and Bioengineering Division of the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, has been developed for the comprehensive analysis and enhancement of operational voice communication. The basic system is comprised of a multi-station voice communication network consisting of the USAF standard aircraft intercommunication system, a standard A-19 diluter-demand oxygen regulation system and an on line computer data collection and data analysis system that displays results in real time. The system is housed in a large reverberation chamber containing a programmable sound source capable of reproducing the spectrum and level of any AF operational noise environment. Standardized voice communication effectiveness test materials are used to assess the performance of any aspect of the total voice communication link, however, emphasis is usually placed upon the performance of the aircrew members. This paper will descibe the salient features of this unique system and provide examples of its application to voice communication problems.

McKinley, R. L.

1980-05-01

78

Action research to improve the pre-registration midwifery curriculum Part 2: case study evaluation in seven sites in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to identify factors which facilitate and inhibit the effectiveness of current pre-registration midwifery programmes.Design: the case study part of an action research project.Setting: seven case study institutions in England.Participants: student midwives, midwives, midwifery managers\\/supervisors of midwives, midwife teachers, collaborators in the study.Findings: it emerged, following a synthesis of all data, that the pre-registration midwifery curriculum should have five key

Diane M Fraser

2000-01-01

79

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies  

PubMed Central

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in ‘omics’ technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the “Nutritional Phenotype database” (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and different—omics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processed—omics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design and—omics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure.

Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O.; Drevon, Christian A.; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C.; Muller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T.

2010-01-01

80

Evaluation Research in Business Schools: Students' Rating Myth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is an "evaluation" study in the form of an extensive "case study" of one particular business school in Greece. Its alleged contribution focuses on the conclusions it hopes to draw in relation to the evaluation research methodology, based on the case evaluation research, experimenting with the use of students' ratings (SETs). The effect…

Petridou, Eugenia; Sarri, Katerina

2004-01-01

81

Evaluation of the Engineering Research Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report proposes criteria and mechanisms for use by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in evaluating the Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) after their third year of operation. The seven categories of criteria are: research, education, industry int...

1986-01-01

82

Thoughts and Experiences of a Clinician Turned Evaluative Researcher. Compromises Between Evaluative Researchers and Clinicians.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This presentation describes three evaluative research experiences: (1) evaluation of emotional support services for critical care patients and their families; (2) evaluation of a mental health consultation program for day care centers; and (3) evaluation ...

S. J. Beuttel

1975-01-01

83

Evaluation innovation research performance and trend of the worldwide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innovation is one of the most important fields in research and development of new knowledge or service today, making research innovation trend is an important issue. This study evaluates the worldwide innovation development trend of research for the past sixteen years and provides insights into the characteristics of innovation research activities to identify an innovation development map, tendencies, or regularities

James K. C. Chen; Yuh-Shan Ho; Ming-Huang Wang; Yih-Young Chen

2010-01-01

84

Exploring perceived barriers, drivers, impacts and the need for evaluation of public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived public involvement (PI) barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and ways of evaluating PI approaches in health and social care research. Background Internationally and within the UK the recognition of potential benefits of PI in health and social care research is gathering momentum and PI is increasingly identified by organisations as a prerequisite for funding. However, there is relatively little examination of the impacts of PI and how those impacts might be measured. Design Mixed method, three-phase, modified Delphi technique, conducted as part of a larger MRC multiphase project. Sample Clinical and non-clinical academics, members of the public, research managers, commissioners and funders. Findings This study found high levels of consensus about the most important barriers and drivers to PI. There was acknowledgement that tokenism was common in relation to PI; and strong support for the view that demonstrating the impacts and value of PI was made more difficult by tokenistic practice. PI was seen as having intrinsic value; nonetheless, there was clear support for the importance of evaluating its impact. Research team cohesion and appropriate resources were considered essential to effective PI implementation. Panellists agreed that PI can be challenging, but can be facilitated by clear guidance, together with models of good practice and measurable standards. Conclusions This study is the first to present empirical evidence of the opinions voiced by key stakeholders on areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived PI barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and the need to evaluate PI. As such it further contributes to debate around best practice in PI, the potential for tokenism and how best to evaluate the impacts of PI. These findings have been used in the development of the Public Involvement Impact Assessment Framework (PiiAF), an online resource which offers guidance to researchers and members of the public involved in the PI process.

Snape, D; Kirkham, J; Britten, N; Froggatt, K; Gradinger, F; Lobban, F; Popay, Jennie; Wyatt, K; Jacoby, Ann

2014-01-01

85

Harvard Project Physics Research and Evaluation Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles listed were written as part of the research and evaluation program of Project Physics. Many articles are concerned with problems of educational research while others are devoted directly to the evaluation of Project Physics. The articles are listed in four categories according to the availability of reprints: (1) published articles…

Welch, Wayne W.

86

Accelerator research studies  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the first year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams, TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams; TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders. In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

Not Available

1992-01-01

87

Internet Systems for Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a detailed description of diverse data collection tools based on the World Wide Web and enumerates their advantages, disadvantages, and logistical challenges. Web-based data collection can offer cost-effective, flexible, and timely solutions to many evaluation needs. (Author/SLD)

Watt, James H.

1999-01-01

88

Solving a methodological challenge in work stress evaluation with the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit (StART): a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Stress evaluation is a field of strong interest and challenging due to several methodological aspects in the evaluation process. The aim of this study is to propose a study protocol to test a new method (i.e., the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit) to assess psychosocial risk factors at work. Design This method addresses several methodological issues (e.g., subjective vs. objective, qualitative vs quantitative data) by assessing work-related stressors using different kinds of data: i) organisational archival data (organisational indicators sheet); ii) qualitative data (focus group); iii) worker perception (questionnaire); and iv) observational data (observational checklist) using mixed methods research. In addition, it allows positive and negative aspects of work to be considered conjointly, using an approach that considers at the same time job demands and job resources. Discussion The integration of these sources of data can reduce the theoretical and methodological bias related to stress research in the work setting, allows researchers and professionals to obtain a reliable description of workers’ stress, providing a more articulate vision of psychosocial risks, and allows a large amount of data to be collected. Finally, the implementation of the method ensures in the long term a primary prevention for psychosocial risk management in that it aims to reduce or modify the intensity, frequency or duration of organisational demands.

2013-01-01

89

[Evaluation of arguments in research reports].  

PubMed

Some authors on research methodology are of opinion that research reports are based on the logic of reasoning and that such reports communicate with the reader by presenting logical, coherent arguments (Böhme, 1975:206; Mouton, 1996:69). This view implies that researchers draw specific conclusions and that such conclusions are justified by way of reasoning (Doppelt, 1998:105; Giere, 1984:26; Harre, 1965:11; Leherer & Wagner, 1983 & Pitt, 1988:7). The structure of a research report thus consists mainly of conclusions and reasons for such conclusions (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 1995:97). From this it appears that justification by means of reasoning is a standard procedure in research and research reports. Despite the fact that the logic of research is based on reasoning, that the justification of research findings by way of reasoning appears to be standard procedure and that the structure of a research report comprises arguments, the evaluation or assessment of research, as described in most textbooks on research methodology (Burns & Grove, 1993:647; Creswell, 1994:193; LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 1994:441/481) does not focus on the arguments of research. The evaluation criteria for research reports which are set in these textbooks are related to the way in which the research process is carried out and focus on the measures for internal, external, theoretical, measurement and inferential validity. This means that criteria for the evaluation of research are comprehensive and they should be very specific in respect of each type of research (for example quantitative or qualitative). When the evaluation of research reports is focused on arguments and logic, there could probably be one set of universal standards against which all types of human science research reports can be assessed. Such a universal set of standards could possibly simplify the evaluation of research reports in the human sciences since they can be used to assess all the critical aspects of research reports. As arguments from the basic structure of research reports and are probably also important in the evaluation of research reports in the human sciences, the following questions which I want to answer, are relevant to this paper namely: What are the standards which the reasoning in research reports in the human sciences should meet? How can research reports in the human sciences be assessed or evaluated according to these standards? In answering the first question, the logical demands that are made on reasoning in research are investigated. From these demands the acceptability of the statements, relevance and support of the premises to the conclusion are set as standards for reasoning in research. In answering the second question, a research article is used to demonstrate how the macro- and micro-arguments of research reports can be assessed or evaluated according to these standards. With evaluation it is indicated that the aspects of internal, external, theoretical, measurement and inferential validity can be evaluated according to these standards. PMID:11040614

Botes, A

1999-06-01

90

Evaluating the "Evaluative State": Implications for Research in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the "evaluative state" that is, public management-based evaluation systems--in the context of experiences in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, and suggests that further research is needed to examine problems in the evaluative state itself, in how market competition impacts upon it, and how academic oligarchies influence the process. (CH)

Dill, David D.

1998-01-01

91

Evaluation of a Research Mentorship Program in Community Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the results of a qualitative case study evaluating a research mentorship program in community care settings in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of the program was to build evaluation and research capacity among staff of community care agencies through a mentorship program. Data were collected through in-depth, semi-structured…

Ploeg, Jenny; de Witt, Lorna; Hutchison, Brian; Hayward, Lynda; Grayson, Kim

2008-01-01

92

DNAPL site evaluation. Research report  

SciTech Connect

Dense nonaqueous-phase liquids (DNAPLs), especially chlorinated solvents, are among the most prevalent subsurface contaminants identified in ground-water supplies and at waste disposal sites. There are several site-characterization issues specific to DNAPL sites including: (a) the risk of inducing DNAPL migration by drilling, pumping or other field activities; (b) the use of special sampling and measurement methods to assess DNAPL presence and migration potential; and (c) development of a cost-effective characterization strategy that accounts for DNAPL chemical transport processes, the risk of inducing DNAPL movement during field work, and the data required to select and implement a realistic remedy. The manual provides information to address these issues and describes and evaluates activities that can be used to determine the presence, fate and transport of subsurface DNAPL contamination.

Cohen, R.M.; Mercer, J.W.

1993-02-01

93

Radiation Effects Research and Device Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this basic research effort was to develop a systematic approach to determining radiation sensitivity in organic semiconductor based devices, including particularly photo-voltaics but also evaluating and characterizing organic based diodes, ...

C. Mayberry

2012-01-01

94

Action Research and Evaluation On Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Action research consists of a family of research methodologies which pursue action and research outcomes at the same time. Areol, action research and evaluation on line, is a 14-week public course offered each semester as a public service by Southern Cross University and the Southern Cross Institute of Action Research. There are four orientation sessions. The first will give students some idea of the commitment in time that it may take to engage properly in the program. The second overviews the program. The third discusses the setting up of learning groups as an associated activity.

95

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT'S FOUR LAB STUDY: TOXICOLOGICCAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS (DBPS) AND QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES FOR A LARGE U. S. EPA MULTILABORATORY STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Office of Research and Development's Four Lab Study: Toxicological and Chemical Evaluation of Complex Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products (DBPs), and Quality Assurance Activities for a Large U.S. EPA Multilaboratoty Study Thomas J. Hughes, Project and QA Manager, Expe...

96

Are Private Prisons More Cost-Effective Than Public Prisons? A Meta-Analysis of Evaluation Research Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to reduce the costs of incarceration to state and federal correctional agencies has allowed the movement to privatize correctional institutions to gain considerable momentum. The empirical evidence regarding whether private prisons are more costeffective than public institutions, however, is inconclusive. To address this question, a meta-analysis was conducted of 33 cost-effectiveness evaluations of private and public prisons from

Travis C. Pratt; Jeff Maahs

1999-01-01

97

Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles 1 through 14 of volume 6 of "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation": (1) "Seven Myths about Literacy in the United States" (Jeff McQuillan); (2) "Implementing Performance Assessment in the Classroom" (Amy Brualdi); (3) "Some Evaluation Questions" (William Shadish); (4) "Item Banking" (Lawrence Rudner); (5)…

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schafer, William D., Ed.

2000-01-01

98

Medicare and Clinical Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... get more information? (continued) To find out about cancer research studies, these resources are available through the National ... 6237) for free cancer information and help finding cancer clinical research studies. TTY users should call 1-800-332- ...

99

The bias in psychotherapy research evaluation.  

PubMed

Using a 3 X 3 X 3 factorial design, clinical psychologists' (N = 204) evaluations were obtained of the methodology of a bogus psychotherapy outcome experiment that varied on the outpatient population treated and the results. Three types of neurotic outpatients were treated in the bogus study, and the experiment's results indicated that psychoanalytically oriented therapy was more effective than behavior therapy, behavior therapy was more effective than psychoanalytically oriented therapy, or psychoanalytically oriented therapy and behavior therapy were equally effective. The third independent variable was psychologists' theoretical orientation (psychodynamic, behavioral, or eclectic). A significant Orientation X Results interaction was obtained, and the results suggest that psychodynamic clinicians are biased against outcome research that demonstrates the superiority of behavior therapy. PMID:422722

Cohen, L H; Suchy, K R

1979-01-01

100

Research Utilization Specialist Evaluation Project Report on the Second Year.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the procedures and findings of the second year of a study that is evaluating the national Research Utilization Specialist (RUS) demonstration program. In addition to a brief introductory statement, the report has eight major sections. ...

E. M. Glaser T. E. Backer

1974-01-01

101

Evaluation of Linkage Between Research Publications and NIH Funding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A final report of a study to evaluate linkages between research publications and National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding is presented. The objectives of the study were: to gather publication data for major U.S. research institutions in the area of bio...

1974-01-01

102

Evaluation criteria for participatory research: insights from coastal uruguay.  

PubMed

Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution. PMID:24748238

Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

2014-07-01

103

Evaluation Criteria for Participatory Research: Insights from Coastal Uruguay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution.

Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

2014-07-01

104

National Job Corps Study: The Impacts of Job Corps on Participants' Literacy Skills. Final Report. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the extent to which Job Corps improves literacy and numeracy skills. Chapter I provides an overview of Job Corps and discusses key policy issues related to basic skills and study objectives. Chapter II addresses study design issues, interview response rates, and analytic methods used to estimate program impacts on literacy…

Glazerman, Steven; Schochet, Peter Z.; Burghardt, John

105

A Study of the Norm-Referenced Procedure for Evaluating Project Effectiveness as Applied in the Evaluation of Project Information Packages. Research Memorandum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Information Packages (PIPs) are informative kits that describe remedial educational programs and contain instructions for installing the projects in a new site. Six such PIPs were evaluated using a norm-referenced procedure applied to standardized test scores. Pretest scores were compared to posttest scores which were calculated according…

Kaskowitz, David H.; Norwood, Charles R.

106

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. IIA, a Study of Auditory Discrimination and Verbal Responding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An auditory discrimination procedure was used in this study to attempt to correct the speech problem of a 4-year-old girl. The major characteristic of that speech problem was the consistent use of inappropriate first consonant sounds in some words, like "gog" for "dog." The child was given 25 training sessions and two posttraining sessions. The…

Brigham, Thomas A.

107

Evaluation of a Teleform-based data collection system: a multi-center obesity research case study.  

PubMed

Utilizing electronic data capture (EDC) systems in data collection and management allows automated validation programs to preemptively identify and correct data errors. For our multi-center, prospective study we chose to use TeleForm, a paper-based data capture software that uses recognition technology to create case report forms (CRFs) with similar functionality to EDC, including custom scripts to identify entry errors. We quantified the accuracy of the optimized system through a data audit of CRFs and the study database, examining selected critical variables for all subjects in the study, as well as an audit of all variables for 25 randomly selected subjects. Overall we found 6.7 errors per 10,000 fields, with similar estimates for critical (6.9/10,000) and non-critical (6.5/10,000) variables-values that fall below the acceptable quality threshold of 50 errors per 10,000 established by the Society for Clinical Data Management. However, error rates were found to widely vary by type of data field, with the highest rate observed with open text fields. PMID:24709056

Jenkins, Todd M; Wilson Boyce, Tawny; Akers, Rachel; Andringa, Jennifer; Liu, Yanhong; Miller, Rosemary; Powers, Carolyn; Ralph Buncher, C

2014-06-01

108

Evaluation of Health Research: Measuring Costs and Socioeconomic Effects  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The topic of this work is health research evaluation including basic and clinical medical research, as well as healthcare research. The main objects are to explore possible approaches for valuing research in economic terms and to prepare an analytical model for evaluation of health research using the Swedish context. The study also aims to identify potential effects and their significance, and to provide a basis for discussions about the effects of research investments. Methods: The study has reviewed ten articles indicating positive effects, in the form of improved health and economic growth. The study also developed a model applied to Swedish health research. Results: The review indicates that positive effects, in the form of improved health and economic growth, have a value that greatly exceeds the costs of the research investments. The tentative model applied to Swedish health research also indicates predominantly positive returns, but in a lower range than the review would imply. Methodological problems, however, entail major uncertainty in the cited results. Conclusions: Accurate determination of the economic value of research would require significantly better basic data and better knowledge of relationships between research, implementation of new knowledge, and health effects. Information in support of decisions about future allocation of research resources is preferably produced by a combination of general analyses and strategically selected case studies.

Roback, Kerstin; Dalal, Koustuv; Carlsson, Per

2011-01-01

109

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Evaluation criteria for research proposals. 3406.20 Section 3406...GRANTS PROGRAM Review and Evaluation of a Research Proposal § 3406.20 Evaluation criteria for research proposals. The maximum score a...

2011-01-01

110

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

...2014-01-01 false Evaluation criteria for research proposals. 3406.20 Section 3406...GRANTS PROGRAM Review and Evaluation of a Research Proposal § 3406.20 Evaluation criteria for research proposals. The maximum score a...

2014-01-01

111

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Evaluation criteria for research proposals. 3406.20 Section 3406...GRANTS PROGRAM Review and Evaluation of a Research Proposal § 3406.20 Evaluation criteria for research proposals. The maximum score a...

2012-01-01

112

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Evaluation criteria for research proposals. 3406.20 Section 3406...GRANTS PROGRAM Review and Evaluation of a Research Proposal § 3406.20 Evaluation criteria for research proposals. The maximum score a...

2013-01-01

113

Evaluating the BK 21 Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brain Korea 21 program (BK21), an effort to improve Korean universities and research, has attracted a great deal of attention in Korea, producing the need to understand how well the program is meeting its goals. RAND developed a logic model for identifying program goals and dynamics, suggested quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods,…

Seong, Somi; Popper, Steven W.; Goldman, Charles A.; Evans, David K.; Grammich, Clifford A.

2008-01-01

114

Evaluating Nursing Education: A Research Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual details a research design for the longitudinal and comparative evaluation of nursing education currently being conducted by the National Second Step Project at Sonoma State University. Chapter 1 describes the purpose, background, and context and substance of the Second Step model. Chapter 2 considers the design of a multicampus…

Jako, Katherine L.; And Others

115

Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles 23 through 26 published in the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" in 2001: (23) "Effects of Removing the Time Limit on First and Second Language Intelligence Test Performance" (Jennifer Mullane and Stuart J. McKelvie); (24) "Consequences of (Mis)use of the Texas Assessment of…

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schafer, William D., Ed.

2001-01-01

116

Research on the Evaluation in Alliance E-business Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The e-business-based alliance is an advanced organization form and receives much concern at home and abroad. The issue on alliance e-business security threatens alliance normal operation, so the research on the evaluation of alliance e-business security is important. According to the connotation and research contents of alliance e-business security, the study designs the evaluation method. Applying to BP neural network,

Lu Xi; Zhang Xiaoyu; Zhu Aimin; Yu Lijuan

2010-01-01

117

Research Issues in Evaluating Learning Pattern Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concludes the special issue of "Studies in Educational Evaluation" concerned with "Evaluating learning pattern development in higher education" by discussing research issues that have emerged from the previous contributions. The article considers in turn: stability versus variability in learning patterns; old versus new analytic…

Richardson, John T. E.

2013-01-01

118

Interviewer as Instrument: Accounting for Human Factors in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This methodological study examines an original data collection model designed to incorporate human factors and enhance data richness in qualitative and evaluation research. Evidence supporting this model is drawn from in-depth youth and adult interviews in one of the largest policy/program evaluations undertaken in the United States, the Drug,…

Brown, Joel H.

2006-01-01

119

How hard can it be to include research evidence and evaluation in local health policy implementation? Results from a mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Although an evidence-based approach is the ideal model for planning and delivering healthcare, barriers exist to using research evidence to implement and evaluate service change. This paper aims to inform policy implementation and evaluation by understanding the role of research evidence at the local level through implementation of a national chronic conditions management policy. Methods We conducted a national email survey of health service commissioners at the most devolved level of decision-making in Wales (Local Health Boards – LHBs) followed by in-depth interviews with representatives of LHBs, purposively selecting five to reflect geographic and economic characteristics. Survey data were analysed descriptively; we used thematic analysis for interview data. Results All LHBs (n = 22) completed questionnaires. All reported they routinely assessed the research literature before implementing interventions, but free-text answers revealed wide variation in approach. Most commonly reported information sources included personal contacts, needs assessments, information or research databases. No consistent approach to evaluation was reported. Frequently reported challenges were: insufficient staff capacity (17/22); limited skills, cost, limited time, competing priorities (16/22); availability and quality of routine data (15/22). Respondents reported they would value central guidance on evaluation. Five interviews were held with managers from the five LHBs contacted. Service delivery decisions were informed by Welsh Government initiatives and priorities, budgets, perceived good practice, personal knowledge, and local needs, but did not include formal research evidence, they reported. Decision making was a collaborative process including clinical staff, patient representatives, and partner organization managers with varying levels of research experience. Robust evaluation data were required, but they were constrained by a lack of skills, time, and resources. They viewed evaluation as a means of demonstrating that targets had been met. Conclusions There is a gap between evidence-based aims of national health policy and how health services are commissioned, implemented, and evaluated at local level. Commissioners and managers are unable to routinely incorporate research evidence. If health services research is to identify most effective ways to implement high quality care, it should be incorporated into commissioning and service delivery. Local commissioners and managers need to build the critical use of research evidence and evaluation into health policy implementation at local level in order to provide consistent and effective healthcare services.

2013-01-01

120

Toward better case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study research can make important contributions to the field of professional communication if the research is carried out with rigor. The paper discusses inaccurate uses of the term “case study” and then presents ideas for conducting more rigorous case studies. Advantages and disadvantages are described, as well as typical techniques, such as interviews, logs, and visual and verbal protocols

M ARY SUE MACNEALY

1997-01-01

121

Applied Research Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this project was to study the feasibility of reusing major components of a software system that had been used to control the operations of a spacecraft launched in the 1980s. The study was done in the context of a ground data processing system that was to be rehosted from a large mainframe to an inexpensive workstation. The study concluded that a systematic approach using inexpensive tools could aid in the reengineering process by identifying a set of certified reusable components. The study also developed procedures for determining duplicate versions of software, which were created because of inadequate naming conventions. Such procedures reduced reengineering costs by approximately 19.4 percent.

Leach, Ronald J.

1997-01-01

122

Current Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... disease and itslifelong consequences. Learn more about the Pediatric Risk Stratification Initiative. CCFA Partners CCFA Partners is a comprehensive Internet-based registry designed to study thousands of patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis under a ...

123

Evaluating international research ethics capacity development.  

PubMed

The US national institutes of health, Fogarty International Center (NIH-FIC) has, for the past 13 years, been a leading funder of international research ethics education for resource-limited settings. Nearly half of the NIH-FIC funding in this area has gone to training programs that train individuals from sub-Saharan Africa. Identifying the impact of training investments, as well as the potential predictors of post-training success, can support curricular decisionmaking, help establish funding priorities, and recognize the ultimate outcomes of trainees and training programs. Comprehensive evaluation frameworks and targeted evaluation tools for bioethics training programs generally, and for international research ethics programs in particular, are largely absent from published literature. This paper shares an original conceptual framework, data collection tool, and detailed methods for evaluating the inputs, processes, outputs, and outcomes of research ethics training programs serving individuals in resource-limited settings. This paper is part of a collection of papers analyzing the Fogarty International Center's International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development program. PMID:24782071

Ali, Joseph; Kass, Nancy E; Sewankambo, Nelson K; White, Tara D; Hyder, Adnan A

2014-04-01

124

Risk assessment technique for evaluating research laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to evaluate research laboratories according to risk, where risk is defined as the product of frequency and consequence. This technique was used to evaluate several laboratories at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory under the direction of the Department of Energy, Idaho Field Office to assist in the risk management of the Science and Technology Department laboratories. With this technique, laboratories can be compared according to risk, and management can use the results to make cost effective decisions associated with the operation of the facility.

Bolander, T.W.; Meale, B.M.; Eide, S.A.

1992-01-01

125

Risk assessment technique for evaluating research laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to evaluate research laboratories according to risk, where risk is defined as the product of frequency and consequence. This technique was used to evaluate several laboratories at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory under the direction of the Department of Energy, Idaho Field Office to assist in the risk management of the Science and Technology Department laboratories. With this technique, laboratories can be compared according to risk, and management can use the results to make cost effective decisions associated with the operation of the facility.

Bolander, T.W.; Meale, B.M.; Eide, S.A.

1992-09-01

126

Health Research Evaluation and its Role on Knowledge Production  

PubMed Central

Background: Knowledge production and evaluation are two important functions of health research system (HRS). In this article, we aimed to reveal the correlation between evaluation of health research organizations and health knowledge production promotion. Methods: A comprehensive evaluation system was developed to evaluate the academic performance of national medical science universities on an annual basis. It assess following domains; stewardship, capacity building and knowledge production. Measurable indicators for each domain were assigned, a ‘research profile’ for each department was provided. In this study, we compared the results of annually national Health Research System evaluation findings during 2005–2008. Results: The number of scientific articles has been increased from 4672 to 8816 during 2005 to 2008. It is mentionable that, the number of articles which has been published in indexed data bases has risen too. This fact could be related to directed policy for more international publication of scientific articles from Iran. The proportion of total articles to the number of academic members was 1.14 in 2008, comparing to 0.84 in 2005. It means that this proportion have increased about twice (0.7 Vs 0.45) during mentioned time. Moreover, other scientific products such as authored books based on domestic researches and cited articles in textbooks have increased according to special attention to knowledge production by policy makers. Conclusion: We conclude that Health System Research evaluation could be used as a mean for implementing policies and promoting knowledge production.

Djalalinia, Sh; Owlia, P; Forouzan, A Setareh; Habibi, E; Dejman, M; Eftekhari, M Baradaran; Ghanei, M; Malekafzali, H; Peykari, N

2012-01-01

127

Pyrolysis system evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of two different pyrolysis concepts which recover energy from solid waste was conducted in order to determine the merits of each concept for integration into a Integrated Utility System (IUS). The two concepts evaluated were a Lead Bath Furnace Pyrolysis System and a Slagging Vertical Shaft, Partial Air Oxidation Pyrolysis System. Both concepts will produce a fuel gas from the IUS waste and sewage sludge which can be used to offset primary fuel consumption in addition to the sanitary disposal of the waste. The study evaluated the thermal integration of each concept as well as the economic impact on the IUS resulting from integrating each pyrolysis concepts. For reference, the pyrolysis concepts were also compared to incineration which was considered the baseline IUS solid waste disposal system.

1974-01-01

128

Evaluation and Research Center for Project Head Start, University of South Carolina. Interim Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an interim evaluation report of language development curriculums in full year Head Start programs operating in the five state area the Research and Evaluation Center serves. One experimental study in language development carried on in cooperation with the Texas and Tulane centers is reported in depth. The study was implemented in…

Friedman, Myles I.

129

Research evaluation and policy in dental public health.  

PubMed

Decision and policy makers in dental public health are confronted increasingly with the problem of which programs make the best use of limited resources and are the most worthwhile investments. One way that the research and public health community can assist the decision process and thereby facilitate policy development is through rigorous, objective, quantitative, policy-oriented research evaluations that synthesize findings from relevant epidemiologic studies of particular oral conditions and clinical trials of preventive and treatment technologies. Issues covered in the most recent research evaluations of oral health topics include the assessment of cost-effectiveness analyses for various procedures and techniques used in caries prevention and oral cancer screening. Several papers in the dental public health literature also have critically discussed basic methodologic issues involved in performing cost-effectiveness analyses and implications of research evaluations for the development and assessment of oral health policy. PMID:1839360

Lipton, J A

1991-06-01

130

International Research and Studies Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Research and Studies Program supports surveys, studies, and instructional materials development to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields. The purpose of the program is to improve and strengthen instruction in modern foreign languages, area studies and other…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

131

Medical research and evaluation facility and studies supporting the Medical Chemical Defense Program. Evaluation of the utility of human skin equivalents for studying HD-induced dermatotoxicity and evaluating antivesicant treatment regimens. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Two human skin culture models, also known as human skin equivalents (HSEs), and dermatomed (split thickness) natural human skin (NHS) were assessed for use in studies investigating the dermatotoxic effects of sulfur mustard BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL) SULFIDE; HD. The HSEs examined were model ZK1300 from Advanced Tissue Sciences (ATS, La Jolla, CA) and Epiderm from MatTek Corporation (Ashland, MA). NHS specimens were obtained either fresh from the Ohio State University branch of the Cooperative Human Tissue Network (Columbus, OH), or cryopreserved from the Ohio Valley Tissue and Skin Center (OVTSC, Cincinnati, OH). The utility of each skin model was assessed by histopathology and by several viability indices. Tissue samples were processed for both light and electron microscopy and examined for consistency among HSE lots and among NHS patients in exhibiting normal ultrastructural details. In particular, the samples were examined for the presence of a continuous, intact basement membrane and an epidermal-dermal interface resembling that found in normal, living human skin.

Olson, C.T.; Snider, T.H.; Hobson, D.W.; Logel, C.A.; Johnson, J.B.

1997-07-01

132

Research on evaluation techniques for immersive multimedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays Immersive Multimedia covers most usage in tremendous ways, such as healthcare/surgery, military, architecture, art, entertainment, education, business, media, sport, rehabilitation/treatment and training areas. Moreover, the significant of Immersive Multimedia to directly meet the end-users, clients and customers needs for a diversity of feature and purpose is the assembly of multiple elements that drive effective Immersive Multimedia system design, so evaluation techniques is crucial for Immersive Multimedia environments. A brief general idea of virtual environment (VE) context and `realism' concept that formulate the Immersive Multimedia environments is then provided. This is followed by a concise summary of the elements of VE assessment technique that is applied in Immersive Multimedia system design, which outlines the classification space for Immersive Multimedia environments evaluation techniques and gives an overview of the types of results reported. A particular focus is placed on the implications of the Immersive Multimedia environments evaluation techniques in relation to the elements of VE assessment technique, which is the primary purpose of producing this research. The paper will then conclude with an extensive overview of the recommendations emanating from the research.

Hashim, Aslinda M.; Romli, Fakaruddin Fahmi; Zainal Osman, Zosipha

2013-03-01

133

Evaluation of an Emerging Research Center: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Problem statement Rigorous evaluation assures that research endeavors meet their purpose and achieve stated goals. This is especially true for federally funded exploratory research centers, which tend to be more complex due to the involvement of multiple, interdisciplinary investigators. This study provides an overview of the approach used to develop an evaluation strategy and reports the lessons learned during the initial development of the Center for Ohana Self-Management of Chronic Illness (COSMCI) at the University of Hawai’i at M?noa School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene. The COSMCI is composed of an interdisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners and aims to advance knowledge in the field of self management of chronic disease in the community setting. Approach A systematic approach was utilized that included formative and summative strategies for ongoing evaluation. The problem was solved by addressing five key concerns: (1) development of research structure, (2) observing the process of the research pilot projects, (3) scholarly activity of COSMCI faculty, (4) dissemination and translation and (5) sustainability prospects. The method of research included formulating process strategies and determine if the plans for developing the Center were followed and whether these plans were effective. Interviews were also conducted at year one and at mid-point though the project. Results Themes that emerged from our evaluation included inclusion, timelines, realistic expectations, ongoing evaluation and preparing for changes in the team. This provided timely recognition of successes and challenges and facilitated a rapid response for interventions especially during the early development stage of the center. Conclusion/Recommendations Effective development of a successful Center is highly dependent upon having a strong evaluation process in place that can inform ongoing development. An exploratory research center requires ongoing evaluation that allows for celebration of successes, as well as early identification of problems and rapid response.

Nigg, C.R.; Qureshi, K.; Inouye, J.; Sy, A.; Sullivan, K.; Boland, M.G.

2012-01-01

134

Evaluation of the fatigue resistance of CDA 182 copper for use in the impurity study experiment fusion research tokamak (ISX). [CDA 182 copper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fatigue behavior of CDA 182, a Cu-1% Cr alloy, was evaluated under load-controlled cycling, simulating service conditions in ISX, a fusion research Tokamak. Heat-treated, work-hardened CDA 182 was selected for use in ISX on the basis of relatively good mechanical strength and high electrical conductivity. In fully reversed and zero-to-maximum-tension uniaxial fatigue tests at room temperature, engineering stress amplitude

W. R. Corwin; R. O. Hussung; D. C. Lousteau; M. W. Poore

1978-01-01

135

Pre-School Research and Evaluation Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research project was conducted to study the effects of an 8-week prekindergarten enrichment program and of two 15-month preschool enrichment programs. Pretest and posttest scores of experimental and control kindergarten children (a sample of 100 out of 1,000 subjects) showed that both groups made significant gains in all ability categories o f…

Starkweather, Elizabeth Kezia

136

Health Insurance Studies -- Contract Research Series -- Comparative Evaluation of Costs, Quality and System Effects of Ambulatory Surgery Performed in Alternative Settings -- Methodological Appendix.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Techniques employed to collect data for the comparative evaluation of the cost, quality, and impact of ambulatory surgery in alternative surgical settings in Phoenix, Arizona, are detailed. Data collection activities for major portions of the study effort...

D. S. Orkand F. M. Jaggar E. Hurwitz

1977-01-01

137

Negotiating Researcher Roles in Ethnographic Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We argue for the value of postmodernism in illuminating the roles or subject positions of ethnographic program evaluators. Drawing upon data from an ethnographic study of a summer college readiness program for African American, Asian American, and Anglo youth, we explore how postmodern theories can provide insights into the multiple roles of…

Harklau, Linda; Norwood, Rachel

2005-01-01

138

A Research Synthesis of the Evaluation Capacity Building Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The continuously growing demand for program results has produced an increased need for evaluation capacity building (ECB). The "Integrative ECB Model" was developed to integrate concepts from existing ECB theory literature and to structure a synthesis of the empirical ECB literature. The study used a broad-based research synthesis method with…

Labin, Susan N.; Duffy, Jennifer L.; Meyers, Duncan C.; Wandersman, Abraham; Lesesne, Catherine A.

2012-01-01

139

Proactive Evaluators: Enabling Research to Be Useful, Usable and Used  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence-based policy making presents challenges for researchers as the pragmatic imperative of delivering `the right information, at the right time, for the right people' can appear to compromise traditional academic roles and responsibilities. Using the recent evaluation of the UK Cabinet Office-led `Better Government for Older People' programme as a case study, we discuss attempts to meet these challenges in

Annette Boaz; Carol Hayden

2002-01-01

140

Vaikuttavaa Tutkimusta. Arviointikaytantoja Julkisissa Tutkimusorganisaatioissa: Maa-ja Elintarviketalouden Tutkimuskeskus MTT (Research with an Impact. Evaluation Practices in Public Research Organisations: Agrifood Research Finland MTT).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication sets out the key findings of the research project on the societal impacts of Agrifood Research Finland (MTT). The project sought to test and operationalize the model for societal impact evaluation developed by VTT technology studies for p...

K. Lahteenmaki-Smith K. Hyytinen

2006-01-01

141

Qualitative studies. Their role in medical research.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To define qualitative research in terms of its philosophical roots, the questions it addresses, its methods and analyses, and the type of results it can offer. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) databases were searched for the years January 1985 to April 1998. The search strategy consisted of "textword" terms that searched in the "title" field of both databases. Qualitative research and evaluation textbooks in health and the social sciences were also used. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: The information on qualitative research is based on the most recent and valid evidence from the health and social science fields. MAIN MESSAGE: Qualitative research seeks to understand and interpret personal experience to explain social phenomena, including those related to health. It can address questions that quantitative research cannot, such as why people do not adhere to a treatment regimen or why a certain health care intervention is successful. It uses many methods of data collection, including participant observation, case studies, and interviews, and numerous approaches to data analysis that range from the quasistatistical to the intuitive and inductive. CONCLUSIONS: Qualitative research, a form of research completely different from quantitative research, can provide important insights into health-related phenomena and can enrich further research inquiries.

Huston, P.; Rowan, M.

1998-01-01

142

Weapon research project cost evaluation method based on technology readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional weapon research project pricing method makes the bigger valuation cost, the more profit research department is got. The weapon research department always loses the driver of saving cost and controlling expenditure. This paper identifies the technology units, evaluates technology risk based on technology readiness theory. According to value engineering methods, it provides weapon research project cost evaluation method from

Tengda Guo; Mengjun Li; Chaomin Ou

2011-01-01

143

Research and Evaluation Issues in Existential Psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existential psychotherapists generally have serious reservations and concerns about the use of systematic experimental research methods to generate knowledge about the practice and effectiveness of existential treatment. For many existential psychotherapists such experimental research methods are best replaced with the process of participation. The primary methods of participation research described in this article are: Case Story Research, Case Transcript Research,

Jim Lantz

2004-01-01

144

Assessment of Multiple Outcomes: An Evaluation Research Study of a Compensatory Early Childhood Program (Child Parent Centers and Child Parent Expansion Program).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child Parent Centers (CPC) have been established in selected disadvantaged areas to provide systematic educational experiences for preschool children as young as three years of age. This study provides an update on the current state of the CPC and its latest adaption, the Child Parent Expansion (CPX) Program. A three-year, longitudinal evaluation

Eash, Maurice J.; And Others

145

Health Systems Research Training Enhances Workplace Research Skills: A Qualitative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: In-service education is a widely used means of enhancing the skills of health service providers, for example, in undertaking research. However, the transfer of skills acquired during an education course to the workplace is seldom evaluated. The objectives of this study were to assess learner, teacher, and health service manager…

Adams, Jolene; Schaffer, Angela; Lewin, Simon; Zwarenstein, Merrick; van der Walt, Hester

2003-01-01

146

Communicating Qualitative Research Study Designs to Research Ethics Review Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers using qualitative methodologies appear to be particularly prone to having their study designs called into question by research ethics or funding agency review committees. In this paper, the author considers the issue of communicating qualitative research study designs in the context of institutional research ethics review and offers…

Ells, Carolyn

2011-01-01

147

Evaluating the Management Implications of Scientific Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When doing scientific research, we collect some data, apply statistical analysis, and then discuss its management implications. These management implications generally consist of interpretations and/or calculations to make the inferred statistical statements meaningful to decision makers. As with any other simplification, a management implication is an imperfect representation, which can recommend management actions quite unlike those that would have been recommended by the data or statistical results. There is no rigorous framework however for evaluating management implications that is comparable to the use of experimental design in the collection of data or statistical inference in the evaluation of hypotheses. A framework for evaluating management implications can be constructed by noting that the goal of management implications is to guide management decisions. A good management implication can be defined as one that recommends management actions similar to those that would have been recommended by the data or statistical results. The true unsimplified management implication of the data can in turn be defined as, "the probability of alternate outcomes of a proposed action given the observed outcomes of past actions." This is know in statistics as the posterior predictive distribution and can be directly calculated. Applying the posterior predictive distribution to alternate management actions identifies the actions that are recommended by the data. These recommendations in turn can be compared to the recommendations of alternate simplified management implications to identify the best simplified management implication. A less rigorous framework can be created by simply trying to use the results of classical statistics to predict the consequences of proposed actions. The potential consequences of the non-rigorous approach (and the utility of this proposed framework) can be seen by revisiting the previous analyses of the impacts of timber harvest on peak streamflow in the H.J. Andrews experimental forest. Applying this framework to the same data and models shows that contrary to the previous management implications, there actually is strong evidence that timber harvest has large impact on peak streamflows and that this impact increases with larger floods. Similar results could also have been produced if the previous results had been used to predict the consequences of alternate actions.

Krogstad, F.

2004-12-01

148

ATBC Study - Research Collaboration Procedures  

Cancer.gov

The two international partners of this project - the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institute for Health and Welfare of Finland (THL) - have primary responsibility for project research management, coordination, and oversight. The Nutritional Epidemiology Branch (NEB) represents the NCI in this regard. Study proposals for collaboration are submitted to the NCI or NPHI Principal Investigators (Dr. Albanes and Dr. Virtamo, respectively), and are reviewed at both institutions.

149

Enabling research in care homes: an evaluation of a national network of research ready care homes  

PubMed Central

Background In the UK care homes are one of the main providers of long term care for older people with dementia. Despite the recent increase in care home research, residents with dementia are often excluded from studies. Care home research networks have been recommended by the Ministerial Advisory Group on Dementia Research (MAGDR) as a way of increasing research opportunities for residents with dementia. This paper reports on an evaluation of the feasibility and early impact of an initiative to increase care home participation in research. Methods A two phase, mixed methods approach was used; phase 1 established a baseline of current and recent studies including the National Institute for Health Research portfolio. To explore the experiences of recruiting care homes and research participation, interviews were conducted with researchers working for the Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Network (DeNDRoN) and care home managers. In phase 2, four DeNDRoN area offices recruited care homes to a care home network for their region. The care home networks were separate from the DeNDRoN research network. Diaries were used to document and cost recruitment; DeNDRoN staff were interviewed to understand the barriers, facilitators and impact of the care home networks. Results Thirty three current or recent studies were identified as involving care homes as care home specific studies or those which included residents. Further details of care home recruitment were obtained on 20 studies by contacting study teams. Care home managers were keen to be involved in research that provided staff support, benefits for residents and with minimal disruption. In phase 2, 141 care homes were recruited to the care home research networks, through corporate engagement and individual invitation. Pre-existing relationships with care homes facilitated recruitment. Sites with minimal experience of working with care homes identified the need for care home training for researchers. Conclusions Phase 1 review revealed a small but increasing number of studies involving care homes. Phase 2 demonstrated the feasibility of care home research networks, their potential to increase recruitment to research and develop partnerships between health services and care homes, but highlighted the need for care home training for researchers.

2014-01-01

150

New challenges facing interinstitutional social science and educational program evaluation research at academic health centers: a case study from the ELAM program.  

PubMed

Since the mid-1990s, the protection of human subjects through institutional review boards (IRBs) has progressively broadened in scope. In this case study, the authors describe their challenges in effectively handling IRB processes to conduct educational and social sciences research within academic health centers, particularly (1) complications in conducting longitudinal interinstitutional research that involves multiple IRBs, each with different procedures that changed over ten years; and (2) factors affecting consent form and survey response rates when applying the biomedical IRB process to obtain the consent of human subjects for participation in social and educational research. The authors had a unique opportunity to follow the effect of changes in consent forms (from no form to a one-page form to a three-page form requiring signature of a witness), ways of administration (in person or by mail), and time of administration (at the time of the program or years later) on consent form and survey response rates among medical and dental school faculty members. The authors explore the extended timelines required for data collection and increased costs in dealing with these issues, as well as the effects on response rates of consent form language and administration procedures. The authors recommend strategies to lessen adverse effects of dealing with multiple IRBs at different institutions for social science and educational research, and discuss policy implications for funders, institutions and investigators. PMID:16728800

Morahan, Page S; Yamagata, Hisashi; McDade, Sharon A; Richman, Rosalyn; Francis, Ray; Odhner, Victoria C

2006-06-01

151

RESEARCH ARTICLE What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

152

SEER 2008 Keynote Address: The Importance of Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the keynote address given by Katherine J. Pinch at the 2008 Annual Symposium on Experiential Education Research (SEER). Pinch discusses the importance of evaluation research and argues that the realm of evaluation is where the margins of research and practice have the potential to intersect with the greatest ease. She…

Pinch, Katherine J.

2009-01-01

153

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

SciTech Connect

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis of data from human families. While techniques of genetic analysis of animal behavioral traits (e.g., targeted gene disruption, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping) are more powerful that those applicable to humans (e.g., linkage and allelic association studies), the validation of animal behaviors as models of aspects of human alcoholism has been problematic. Newly developed methods for mapping QTL influencing animal behavioral traits can not only permit analyses of human family data to be directly informed by the results of animal studies, but can also serve as a novel means of validating animal models of aspects of alcoholism. 55 refs.

Karp, R.W. [National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, MD (United States)

1994-12-15

154

Ranking the research productivity of library and information science faculty and schools: An evaluation of data sources and research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the data sources and research methods used in earlier studies to rank the research productivity of Library and Information Science (LIS) faculty and schools. In doing so, the study identifies both tools and methods that generate more accurate publica- tion count rankings as well as databases that should be taken into consideration when conducting comprehen- sive searches

Lokman I. Meho; Kristina M. Spurgin

2005-01-01

155

Historic-flood evaluation and research needs in mountainous areas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An evaluation of historic flood estimates in mountainous areas in Colorado was made to assess their accuracy. The purpose of this evaluation is to enhance awareness of the need to assess the accuracy of historic flood peaks, particularly floods of record, because they are such a critical factor in flood-plain management, design of hydraulic structures in flood plains, and related environmental studies. Research needs based on a proposed river-system-process approach are suggested. A critical need exists for interdisciplinary documentation of extreme-flood processes, particularly to improve methods to directly measure extreme floods and quantify total energy losses. Such research will benefit the public through improved engineering designs and environmental investigations.

Jarrett, Robert, D.

1994-01-01

156

Evaluation of a Concept: Minority Mental Health Research and Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Five National Mental Health Research and Development centers directed at various minority and ethnic groups were evaluated by the Urban Institute for Human Services, Inc., under a contract with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The research ...

1977-01-01

157

Usability Evaluation of a Research Repository and Collaboration Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports results from an empirical usability evaluation of Human-Animal Bond Research Initiative Central as part of the effort to develop an open access research repository and collaboration platform for human-animal bond researchers. By repurposing and altering key features of the original HUBzero system, Human-Animal Bond Research

Zhang, Tao; Maron, Deborah J.; Charles, Christopher C.

2013-01-01

158

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This collection of papers presents a representative selection of NIJ's portfolio of gang-related research. The genesis was the upsurge in gang crime beginning in the mid-1980s, which prompted NIJ to expand research in this area. NIJ's major focus is to ge...

2006-01-01

159

Evaluation in the Art-Historical Research Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to isolate some of the aspects in which the evaluative language most typical of research articles produced within the discipline of art history differs from the evaluation prevalent in academic discourse in other fields. (Author/VWL)

Tucker, Paul

2003-01-01

160

Research Evaluation of Performance Requirements for Metallic Orthopedic Implants.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A research evaluation of performance requirements for metallic orthopedic implants covered a comprehensive review of related literature from 1960 to 1974 and the test and evaluation of groups of successful, failed and unusual metallic implants. A total of...

A. U. Daniels H. K. Dunn K. D. Johnson W. E. Cosgrove N. H. Price

1975-01-01

161

A Research on Green Product Design Process and Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyses the concept properties, procedures and principles of green product design, develops the principles and evaluating indicators, and discusses a green design scheme evaluation process research based on the indicator system. The paper proposes a positive evaluation of the design process and model, realizes the combination of the summative assessment, stage assessment, diagnostic evaluation and dynamic optimization process.

Li Zhuo; Yan Shengxue

2010-01-01

162

TMDL MODEL EVALUATION AND RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This review examines the modeling research needs to support environmental decision-making for the 303(d) requirements for development of total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) and related programs such as 319 Nonpoint Source Program activities, watershed management, stormwater permits...

163

Research plan for pilot studies of the biodiversity research consortium  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a research plan for an assessment of risks to biodiversity. The plan describes the theoretical basis of the research approach and the data and methods to be used in the assessment. Initial research activities are formulated as a set of pilot studies that will examine nine research questions concerning the assumptions, data, and methods of the approach. A collection of government, academic, and nongovernmental organizations, called the Biodiversity Research Consortium, has developed this research approach and prepared the plan. Authors of the plan represent current members of the Consortium.

Kiester, A.R.; White, D.; Preston, E.M.; Master, L.L.; Loveland, T.R.

1993-06-03

164

An evaluation of the 'Designated Research Team' approach to building research capacity in primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes an evaluation of an initiative to increase the research capability of clinical groups in primary and community care settings in a region of the United Kingdom. The 'designated research team' (DRT) approach was evaluated using indicators derived from a framework of six principles for research capacity building (RCB) which include: building skills and confidence, relevance to

Jo Cooke; Susan Nancarrow; Jane Dyas; Martin Williams

2008-01-01

165

A simulator study for the development and evaluation of operating procedures on a supersonic cruise research transport to minimize airport-community noise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Piloted-simulator studies were conducted to determine takeoff and landing operating procedures for a supersonic cruise research transport concept that result in predicted noise levels which meet current Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification standards. With the use of standard FAA noise certification test procedures, the subject simulated aircraft did not meet the FAA traded-noise-level standards during takeoff and landing. However, with the use of advanced procedures, this aircraft meets the traded-noise-level standards for flight crews with average skills. The advanced takeoff procedures developed involved violating some of the current Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR), but it was not necessary to violate any FAR noise-test conditions during landing approach. Noise contours were also determined for some of the simulated takeoffs and landings in order to indicate the noise-reduction advantages of using operational procedures other than standard.

Grantham, W. D.; Smith, P. M.; Deal, P. L.

1980-01-01

166

Designing and Implementing the Next Generation of Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons Learned from Case Studies in Five Illinois Districts. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a very short period during the spring and summer of 2012, researchers at the University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research (CCSR) and the Illinois Education Research Council (IERC) collected data from respondents in five districts across Illinois to examine how school districts in the state approach designing and implementing new…

White, Bradford R.; Cowhy, Jennifer; Stevens, W. David; Sporte, Susan E.

2012-01-01

167

TIPs Evaluation Project Prospective Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used an experimental design to examine four different approaches to disseminating Treatment Improvement Protocols to substance abuse professionals. Although results of this ongoing study are not yet available, this article describes the use of triangulation methodology in evaluation studies. (SLD)

Melzer, Becky A.; Hubbard, Susan M.; Huang, Judy Y.

2003-01-01

168

Summer Undergraduate Research Program: Environmental studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the summer undergraduate internship program for research in environmental studies is to provide an opportunity for well-qualified students to undertake an original research project as an apprentice to an active research scientist in basic e...

J. McMillan

1994-01-01

169

The Case for Evaluation as a Type of Applied Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The position of this paper is that evaluation is a type of research. This conclusion is based on philosophy of science concepts, the nature of scientific method, and evaluation literature. The argument is made that scientific method is one of several inquiry strategies, that the terms scientific method and research are synonymous, and that…

Gay, L. R.

170

Evaluating Capacity Building for Policy Research Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international community has identified a positive link between good governance and economic development. There is an increasing appreciation of the effective role that local policy research organizations (PROs) can play in providing evidence-based policy recommendations as the basis for sound legislation and in assessing the efficacy of…

Struyk, Raymond J.; Damon, Mawadda; Haddaway, Samuel R.

2011-01-01

171

Research and evaluation in the transformation of primary care.  

PubMed

Across the United States, primary care practices are engaged in demonstration projects and quality improvement efforts aimed at integrating behavioral health and primary care. Efforts to make sustainable changes at the frontline of care have identified new research and evaluation needs. These efforts enable clinics and larger health care communities to learn from demonstration projects regarding what works and what does not when integrating mental health, substance use, and primary care under realistic circumstances. To do this, implementers need to measure their successes and failures to inform local improvement processes, including the efforts of those working on integration in separate but similar settings. We review how new research approaches, beyond the contributions of traditional controlled trials, are needed to inform integrated behavioral health. Illustrating with research examples from the field, we describe how research traditions can be extended to meet these new research and learning needs of frontline implementers. We further suggest that a shared language and set of definitions for the field (not just for a particular study) are critical for the aggregation of knowledge and learning across practices and for policymaking and business modeling. PMID:24820691

Peek, C J; Cohen, Deborah J; deGruy, Frank V

2014-01-01

172

Training Students to Be Better Consumers of Research: Evaluating Empirical Research Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate and undergraduate students are typically required to become educated consumers of research. Yet, research courses generally focus on how to do research rather than how to evaluate it. Therefore, we propose ways in which faculty can help their students become better consumers of research by presenting a brief list of teaching objectives,…

Rodriguez, Ariel; Toews, Michelle L.

2005-01-01

173

A Social Systems Approach to Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An information-control systems model for evaluation of adult education programs is offered and illustrated. The model is based upon identifying principal subsystems, such as source, channel and audience, which are involved in initiation, production, delivery and reception of educational messages. These subsystems are seen as separate but…

Olien, C. N.; And Others

174

Research Methods and Intelligibility Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper first briefly reviews the concept of intelligibility as it has been employed in both English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) and world Englishes (WE) research. It then examines the findings of the Lingua Franca Core (LFC), a list of phonological features that empirical research has shown to be important for safeguarding mutual intelligibility…

Sewell, Andrew

2010-01-01

175

Constructing Effectiveness: The Emergence of the Evaluation Research Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation research is today an enormous industry, populated by a limited number of large firms and countless smaller ones. In this chapter, we explore the origins and evolution of this industry and the broader program evaluation profession by looking back at the period of the LBJ presidency when evaluation grew as a response to the enlargement of government and the

Peter Frumkin; Kimberly Francis

176

An Action Research Strategy for Selecting and Conducting Program Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and defines dimensions of program evaluation--target, purpose, and stage--relevant to school psychologists, combining them into a conceptual framework indicating 48 different types of program evaluation. Incorporates relevant aspects of existing program evaluation strategies and action research, affording practitioners a strategy for…

Midkiff, Robert McKinley, Jr.; Burke, Joy Patricia

1987-01-01

177

Evaluation use: Theory, research, and practice since 1986  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a larger effort by members of the American Evaluation Association (AEA) Topical Interest Group on Evaluation Use (TIG-EU), we undertook an extensive review and synthesis of literature in evaluation use published since 1986. We observe several recent developments in theory, research and practice arising from this literature. These developments include: the rise of considerations of context as

Lyn M. Shulha; J. Bradley Cousins

1997-01-01

178

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

179

Research evaluation of photovoltaic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of an EPRI assessment of photovoltaic technologies suitable for utility bulk power production are summarized. The cost goals are $0.15 U.S./kWh, i.e., midway between oil and coal fired plant power. Each type of solar cell was analyzed in terms of the probability of meeting target costs, efficiencies and reliability. Attention was given to GaAs concentrator arrays, tandem amorphous Si, crystalline Si sheets, polycrystalline thin films and novel concepts. The most promising forms identified as deserving more aggressive research were high concentration arrays, tandem amorphous Si arrays and crystalline Si sheet modules.

Witwer, J. G.; Demeo, E. A.; Taylor, R. W.

1984-07-01

180

Trends in Bio-Behavioral Gambling Studies Research: Quantifying Citations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both the National Gambling Impact Study Commission and the National Academy of Sciences have evaluated the current state of gambling studies research in general while making specific suggestions for future efforts in the psychological and biomedical areas in particular. Recognizing the importance of evaluating the state of the field on a macro level, this paper considers and categorizes several decades

Gabriel B. Eber; Howard J. Shaffer

2000-01-01

181

Making Team Science Better: Applying Improvement-Oriented Evaluation Principles to Evaluation of Cooperative Research Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of the research center has changed the landscape of U.S. research enter-prise. It has also created a number of evaluation challenges, particularly when considering strategically focused, multifaceted cooperative research centers (CRCs). The author argues that although recent CRC evaluation efforts have gone a long way toward meeting the…

Gray, Denis O.

2008-01-01

182

Fenestration System Performance Research, Testing, and Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The US DOE was and is instrumental to NFRC's beginning and its continued success. The 2005 to 2009 funding enables NFRC to continue expanding and create new, improved ratings procedures. Research funded by the US DOE enables increased fenestration energy rating accuracy. International harmonization efforts supported by the US DOE allow the US to be the global leader in fenestration energy ratings. Many other governments are working with the NFRC to share its experience and knowledge toward development of their own national fenestration rating process similar to the NFRC's. The broad and diverse membership composition of NFRC allows anyone with a fenestration interest to come forward with an idea or improvement to the entire fenestration community for consideration. The NFRC looks forward to the next several years of growth while remaining the nation's resource for fair, accurate, and credible fenestration product energy ratings. NFRC continues to improve its rating system by considering new research, methodologies, and expanding to include new fenestration products. Currently, NFRC is working towards attachment energy ratings. Attachments are blinds, shades, awnings, and overhangs. Attachments may enable a building to achieve significant energy savings. An NFRC rating will enable fair competition, a basis for code references, and a new ENERGY STAR product category. NFRC also is developing rating methods to consider non specular glazing such as fritted glass. Commercial applications frequently use fritted glazing, but no rating method exists. NFRC is testing new software that may enable this new rating and contribute further to energy conservation. Around the world, many nations are seeking new energy conservation methods and NFRC is poised to harmonize its rating system assisting these nations to better manage and conserve energy in buildings by using NFRC rated and labeled fenestration products. As this report has shown, much more work needs to be done to continues research to improve existing ratings and develop new ones. NFRC needs to continue the work it has begun in several nations to implement the NFRC rating system that has been introduced. Many nations are eager to accept the expertise NFRC can offer to achieve energy conservation goals. NFRC looks forward to a continues partnership with the US Department of Energy to cooperatively achieve both.

Jim Benney

2009-11-30

183

A Review of Research and Evaluation Literature on Outward Bound and Related Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a rapid scanning of the state of the art of research and evaluation of Outward Bound and related educational programs. Initial comments outline criteria for assessing internal and external validity of studies. Distinctions are made between research, evaluation, measurement, judgement, and public relations. The work of Rosen,…

Godfrey, Robert

184

What's in a rehab? Ethnographic evaluation research in Indigenous Australian residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential rehabilitation centres are a popular form of treatment for Indigenous Australians suffering from alcohol and drug misuse; however, there has been very little substantive research and evaluation in this area. Based on long-term ethnographic research, this study examines the informal aspects of a treatment programme in an Indigenous residential alcohol and drug rehabilitation service. Evaluation of such services often

Richard Chenhall

2008-01-01

185

The Need for Comparative Research in Developmental Textbooks: A Review and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that current animal research enables students to understand basic developmental principles. Presents results from a study that evaluated the content of 24 developmental textbooks published between 1995 and 2000, demonstrating that older studies are typically used. (CMK)

Eaton, Rebecca F.; Sleigh, Merry J.

2002-01-01

186

Survey of Research Methods to Study Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report identifies and evaluates methods used by the design research community that could be used to establish requirements for improving the effectiveness of the engineering design process in a Unified Life Cycle Engineering (ULCE) environment. More ...

D. A. Dierolf K. J. Richter M. Brei

1989-01-01

187

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities.

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

188

Alternatives to peer review: novel approaches for research evaluation.  

PubMed

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

189

Action Research to Evaluate Student Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How do you know if your students are really learning the concepts you are presenting? Data from assessments help answer the question but what data do you examine? Is the information best found in the overall class average on tests, the number of students who did not score at a ``passing'' grade, how well the grades fit a bell curve, or how many students scored C or better? Teachers and administrators look at these statistics to determine the effectiveness of instructional strategies and student achievement. High-stakes testing uses overall scores as the determining factor for assigning credit to students, determining promotion or retention, allowing acceptance into programs or institutions, and evaluating the overall effectiveness of instructional practice. Yet composite scores alone do not address the question about which concepts the students are mastering. Specific data are needed to identify the problem areas and determine the approaches to best help students achieve mastery.

Blanton, Patricia

2003-04-01

190

Defining and Designing Mixed Research Synthesis Studies  

PubMed Central

Mixed research synthesis is the latest addition to the repertoires of mixed methods research and systematic review. Mixed research synthesis requires that the problems generated by the methodological diversity within and between qualitative and quantitative studies be resolved. Three basic research designs accommodate this diversity, including the segregated, integrated, and contingent designs. Much work remains to be done before mixed research synthesis can secure its place in the repertoires of mixed methods research and systematic review, but the effort is well worth it as it has the potential to enhance both the significance and utility for practice of the many qualitative and quantitative studies constituting shared domains of research.

Sandelowski, Margarete; Voils, Corrine I.; Barroso, Julie

2009-01-01

191

Research Utilization Specialist Evaluation Project, Supplement, National Evaluation of Nine Research Utilization Specialist (RUS) Projects in State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Agencies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The authors of this report were funded to conduct a 3-year evaluation study of nine research utilization specialist (RUS) projects. The RUS projects were also supported by SRS, as 5-year demonstration programs. Findings for the second year of evaluation a...

1974-01-01

192

ABRF-MARG RESEARCH STUDY: EVALUATION OF SMALL SAMPLE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING  

EPA Science Inventory

Microarrays have had a significant impact on many areas of biology. However, there are still many fertile research areas that would benefit from microarray analysis but are limited by the amount of biological material that can be obtained (e.g. samples obtained by small biopsy, f...

193

Homeopathy – what are the active ingredients? An exploratory study using the UK Medical Research Council's framework for the evaluation of complex interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Research in homeopathy has traditionally addressed itself to defining the effectiveness of homeopathic potencies in comparison to placebo medication. There is now increasing awareness that the homeopathic consultation is in itself a therapeutic intervention working independently or synergistically with the prescribed remedy. Our objective was to identify and evalute potential \\

Trevor DB Thompson; Marjorie Weiss

2006-01-01

194

The Occupational Role of the Evaluation Research Manager.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The functions and career paths of evaluation research managers, their duties and generic styles, and some indicators of performance quality are outlined. A better way to assess and select them in the future is proposed. (Author/PN)

Dentler, Robert A.

1983-01-01

195

Evaluation of the Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy A Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated is the treatment of diabetic retinopathy (blindness due to ruptured vessels of the retina as a side effect of diabetes), and described is a research project comparing two types of photocoagulation treatment. (DB)

Kupfer, Carl

1973-01-01

196

Differentiating among research, evaluation and measures to assure quality.  

PubMed

This article explores the similarities, differences and overlaps among research, evaluation and quality measurement. Criteria for determining the differences are offered as a quick guide to differentiating among them. These criteria are the purpose of the project, generalizability, intended use of the findings, intended subjects and intent to prove causation. Determining the key differences among research, evaluation and quality measurement facilitates the choice of restrictions, supports and reporting process that should be applied to each. PMID:11214984

Jarvis, H

2000-01-01

197

The DCI index: Discounted cumulated impact-based research evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Research evaluation is increasingly popular and important among,research funding bodies and science policy makers. Various indicators have been proposed,to evaluate the standing of individual scientists, institutions, journals, or countries. A simple and popular one among the indicators is the h-index, the Hirsch index (Hirsch 2005), which is an indicator for lifetime achievement,of a scholar. Several other indicators have been

Kalervo Järvelin; Olle Persson

2008-01-01

198

The Cradle Coast personally controlled electronic health record evaluation research.  

PubMed

In 2010 the Federal Government announced funding over two years to create a Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record (PCEHR) for Australians. One of the wave 2 implementation sites is the Cradle Coast in Tasmania. A PCEHR Program Benefits and Evaluation Partner (BEP) has been appointed to undertake evaluation activities with the e-health lead implementation sites. In addition to this implementation a comprehensive research plan has been developed and commenced through the Rural Clinical School at the University of Tasmania. The overarching aim of the research agenda is to evaluate the outcomes of various elements of the 4C project as it evolves and is implemented, from multiple perspectives. The research agenda is important as it expands upon the NEHTA mandated evaluation and provides an holistic overview of the PCEHR implementation process and outcomes for clinicians, patients and family members. This paper will detail the planned evaluation and its progress to date. PMID:22797013

Cummings, Elizabeth; Cheek, Colleen; Van Der Ploeg, Winifred; Orpin, Peter; Behrens, Heidi; Condon, Sharon; Jaffray, Linda; Ellis, Isabelle; Ringeisen Arnold, Barbara; Brogan, Robyn; Skinner, Timothy

2012-01-01

199

A Research Methodology for Future Summative Evaluation Studies: Incorporating the Component of Multiple Sets of Matched Samples into the Statistical Control Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summative evaluations have often been undertaken to determine the impact of educational programs on student academic achievement employing a quasi-experimental design. The summative finding is expected to be less misleading if a statistical model is performed on a dataset including a sound matched sample as a control group. This is because an…

Li, Yuan H.; Modarresi, Shahpar; Yang, Yu N.

2006-01-01

200

User evaluation of ride technology research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 23 organizations queried represent government, carrier, and manufacturing interests in air, marine, rail, and surface transportation systems. Results indicate a strong need for common terminology and data analysis/reporting techniques. The various types of ride criteria currently in use are discussed, particularly in terms of their respective data base requirements. A plan of action is proposed for fulfilling the ride technology needs identified by this study.

Mckenzie, J. R.; Brumaghim, S. H.

1976-01-01

201

The Young Driver Follow-Up Study: An Evaluation of the Role of Human Factors in the First Four Years of Driving. Final Highway Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1960's, the Teen-Aged Driver Study was undertaken in response to legislative concern over the high accident and conviction rate among teenage drivers. Since that study had to be completed rapidly, the present study was undertaken in order to provide a more comprehensive study of teenage drivers. The sample for this study consisted of…

Harrington, David M.

202

Geologic evaluation: Peake Energy, Inc. , No. 753 GRI comprehensive study well No. 5, Jackson County, West Virginia. Topical research report, June 1988-December 1990  

SciTech Connect

Devonian shale gas production from individual wells in the CSW5 research area varies according to the disposition of natural fractures intersected by the wellbore. The degree of thermal maturity of the black shales and amount of organic carbon contained in them provide the gas generating capacity necessary to sustain production. Northwest-to-southeast and northeast-to-southwest oriented, partially mineralized natural fractures seem to provide the permeable pathways necessary for the best gas production. Some of these fractures appear to have vertical limitations specifically within the oldest black shale bed of the Lower Huron Member, which is also the primary shale gas-producing interval in the research area. The fracture network probably was enhanced by flexure of the black shales across deep-seated basement faults, that form the Evans Flexure, and by possible overpressuring during hydrocarbon generation. Future shale wells should be located in areas with the highest composite of organic carbon content and thermal maturity.

Falleur, J.P.; Lowry, P.H.; Brown, R.W.; Kubik, W.T.

1991-11-01

203

Patient-therapist matching: a research evaluation.  

PubMed

The author tested the predictive power of 10 hypotheses about the personality qualities of therapists that match with those of schizophrenic inpatients to affect therapeutic course. The personality matching traits predicted with significant accuracy the quality of the therapeutic relationship and even the type of overall clinical outcome. Examination of the data revealed that most of this surprising predictive strength derived from a group of highly intercorrelated personality qualities. Taken together, these qualities reflected a capacity of therapists to be comfortable while being involved with a variety of strong affects in their schizophrenic inpatients. The limitations of this study and its advantages over the A-B typology are discussed. PMID:696896

Gunderson, J G

1978-10-01

204

The next Stages in Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: (1) to provide a commentary on a conference held at the University of Manchester entitled Researching Water Fluoridation: Evaluation and Surveillance; (2) to synthesize from the proceedings of the meeting suggestions for future research and public health surveillance. Method: The main points and problematic issues raised by the speakers…

Downer, Martin C.; Blinkhorn, Anthony S.

2007-01-01

205

EPA Research Evaluating CAFO Impacts on Ground Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of several projects will be presented on a research program currently underway at ORD?s Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division (GWERD) to evaluate CAFO impacts on ground water quality. The overall research objectives are to characterize the potential for gro...

206

Qualitative Case Study Research in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to using qualitative case study research in business education explains methodological steps and decisions, illustrated with examples from business research. It addresses data analysis and interpretation, including discussion of software tools. (Contains 25 references.) (SK)

O'Connor, Bridget N.

2002-01-01

207

Collecting and Utilizing Evaluation Research for Public Good and on Behalf of African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study indicates that researchers entrusted with evaluating the educational outcomes of African American children must engage their practice for the public good and on behalf of these students. The Howard University Evaluation Training Institute is used as a guide to describe the steps for conducting quality evaluations, and to highlight the…

Thomas, Veronica G.; McKie, Brooke K.

2006-01-01

208

Institute of Development Studies Research on Globalisation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Development Studies (IDS) is an internationally known center for development research and study located in Bristol, England. The Globalisation team creates policy-related research and advisory agendas focused on "spreading the gains of globalisation" to all people equally. Be sure to explore the Recent Highlights section of the Website, which contains excellent briefs on the Globalisation team's current research. The Current Activities section of the site explains the team's current research interests in fascinating, easy-to-understand language.

209

The Multiple Baseline Design for Evaluating Population-Based Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need for pragmatic and rigorous research designs to evaluate the effectiveness of population-based health interventions. The randomized controlled trial (RCT) has limitations in its practicality, ethical appropriateness, and cost when evaluating population- based interventions. Like RCTs, the multiple baseline design can demonstrate that a change in behavior has occurred, the change is a result of the intervention,

Nathan G. Hawkins; Robert W. Sanson-Fisher; Anthony Shakeshaft; Catherine D’Este; Lawrence W. Green

2007-01-01

210

Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress first called for the Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation (the "Committee") in its 1998 reauthorization of the Head Start program, with a requirement that the Secretary of Health and Human Services convene a panel of experts to inform the Department about the design of a newly required national evaluation of the…

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2012

2012-01-01

211

Evaluating the Performance of Calculus Classes Using Operational Research Tools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the efficiency of calculus classes and evaluates two kinds of classes: traditional and others that use computational methods in teaching. Applies quantitative evaluation methods using two operational research tools, multicriteria decision aid methods (mainly using the MACBETH approach) and data development analysis. (Author/YDS)

Soares de Mello, Joao Carlos C. B.; Lins, Marcos P. E.; Soares de Mello, Maria Helena C.; Gomes, Eliane G.

2002-01-01

212

Research and Evaluation at John Adams High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We at Adams have committed ourselves (1) to search for new ways to make the inquiry into our own activities and the evaluation of our programs relevant and consistent with our notions of humanistic and personal education, and (2) to seek a mechanism for using research and evaluation to improve the operation of the school at every level and for…

Adams High School, Portland, OR.

213

Exploring Action Research as an Approach to Interactive (Participatory) Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation seeks to understand "action research" as an approach to "interactive form of evaluation". The first half of the investigation illuminates the approach with the help of the selective body of literature and the second half draws attention to its application in the field with the help of an authentic evaluation plan. Action…

Chaudary, Imran Anjum; Imran, Shahida

2012-01-01

214

Evaluation, Analysis, and Research (SPEAR) Testbed at AFRL\\/RRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past year much interest has been given to developing new algorithms and strategies to approach radar signal processing using a priori or acquired knowledge. To meet the demands for the ongoing interest in evaluation of these new techniques, AFRL\\/DARPA has developed a scalable Signal Processing Evaluation, Analysis & Research (SPEAR) testbed to effectively analyze any new algorithms. SPEAR

Parametric Tracker; KAT Tracker; Jeffrey E. Tyler; William Baldygo; Robert Bozek; Todd Cushman; Mark Novak; Walter Szczepanski

215

Evaluating a collaborative IT based research and development project.  

PubMed

In common with all projects, evaluating an Information Technology (IT) based research and development project is necessary in order to discover whether or not the outcomes of the project are successful. However, evaluating large-scale collaborative projects is especially difficult as: (i) stakeholders from different countries are involved who, almost inevitably, have diverse technological and/or application domain backgrounds and objectives; (ii) multiple and sometimes conflicting application specific and user-defined requirements exist; and (iii) multiple and often conflicting technological research and development objectives are apparent. In this paper, we share our experiences based on the large-scale integrated research project - The HUMBOLDT project - with project duration of 54 months, involving contributions from 27 partner organisations, plus 4 sub-contractors from 14 different European countries. In the HUMBOLDT project, a specific evaluation methodology was defined and utilised for the user evaluation of the project outcomes. The user evaluation performed on the HUMBOLDT Framework and its associated nine application scenarios from various application domains, resulted in not only an evaluation of the integrated project, but also revealed the benefits and disadvantages of the evaluation methodology. This paper presents the evaluation methodology, discusses in detail the process of applying it to the HUMBOLDT project and provides an in-depth analysis of the results, which can be usefully applied to other collaborative research projects in a variety of domains. PMID:23728205

Khan, Zaheer; Ludlow, David; Caceres, Santiago

2013-10-01

216

The Great Parking Debate A Research Methods Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two friends debate whether people leave their parking spaces faster if others are waiting. They decide to see if they can design a study to test their ideas.  In this interrupted case study, students develop a research question and hypothesis and consider how to test a hypothesis. Students read about what researchers have done to answer the research question and identify and evaluate different research designs. Students are also asked to evaluate data. Developed for a use in an introductory psychology course to cover terms and concepts related to research methods, the case could be used in other introductory science classes, early in research methods courses, or in upper-level social science courses.

Feenstra, Jennifer

2011-01-01

217

Nutrtional Research Series. Volume 6: Concordance Between the Findings of Epidemiological Studies and Randomized Trials in Nutrition: An Empirical Evaluation and Citation Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In nutrition, there are several examples of discordance between the results of observational studies and of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). To provide empirical data on how often the summary results of epidemiological studies and of RCTs are concorda...

D. Moorthy J. Lau J. Lee M. Cheung T. A. Trikalinos W. W. Yu

2013-01-01

218

Program Evaluation at HEW: Research versus Reality. Part 2: Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for both the student and the practitioner of evaluation, this book describes the state of the practice of program evaluation. Its focus is mainly institutional. Results of evaluation studies are of secondary importance. An introductory chapter written by the editor discusses evaluation at the Office of Education from 1967 through 1973.…

Abert, James G., Ed.

219

Researching the Study Abroad Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors propose a paradigm for rigorous scientific assessment of study abroad programs, with the focus being on how study abroad experiences affect psychological constructs as opposed to looking solely at study-abroad-related outcomes. Social learning theory is used as a possible theoretical basis for making testable hypotheses and guiding…

McLeod, Mark; Wainwright, Philip

2009-01-01

220

Managing Tensions between Evaluation and Research: Illustrative Cases of Developmental Evaluation in the Context of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental evaluation (DE), essentially conceptualized by Patton over the past 30 years, is a promising evaluative approach intended to support social innovation and the deployment of complex interventions. Its use is often justified by the complex nature of the interventions being evaluated and the need to produce useful results in real time.…

Rey, Lynda; Tremblay, Marie-Claude; Brousselle, Astrid

2014-01-01

221

An evaluation framework for non-medical prescribing research.  

PubMed

Without robust and credible evidence for the benefits in health outcomes of non-medical prescribing, widespread implementation will be challenging. Our aim is to develop a consistent evaluation framework that could be applied to non-medical prescribing research. An informal collaboration was initiated in 2008 by a group of pharmacists from Australia and New Zealand to assist in information sharing, pilot design, methodologies and evaluation for pharmacist prescribing. Different pilots used different models, methodologies and evaluation. It was agreed that the development of a consistent evaluation framework to be applied to future research on non-medical prescribing was required. The framework would help to align the outcomes of different research pilots and enable the comparison of endpoints to determine the effectiveness of a non-medical prescribing intervention. PMID:22624646

Hale, Andrew R; Stowasser, Danielle A; Coombes, Ian D; Stokes, Julie; Nissen, Lisa

2012-05-01

222

Research study of pressure instrumentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To obtain a more vibration resistant pressure sensor for use on the Space Shuttle Main Engine, a proximity probe based, diaphragm type pressure sensor breadboard was developed. A fiber optic proximity probe was selected as the sensor. In combination with existing electronics, a thermal stability evaluation of the entire probe system was made. Based upon the results, a breadboard design of the pressure sensor and electronics was made and fabricated. A brief series of functional experiments was made with the breadboard to calibrate, thermally compensate, and linearize its response. In these experiments, the performance obtained in the temperature range of -320 F (liquid N2) to +200 F was comparable to that of the strain gage based sensor presently in use on the engine. In tests at NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), after some time at or near liquid nitrogen temperatures, the sensor output varied over the entire output range. These large spurious signals were attributed to condensation of air in the sensing gap. In the next phase of development of this sensor, an evaluation of fabrication techniques toward greater thermal and mechanical stability of the fiber probe assembly must be made. In addition to this, a positive optics to metal seal must be developed to withstand the pressure that would result from a diaphragm failure.

Hoogenboom, L.; Hull-Allen, G.

1984-01-01

223

Middle School Research. Selected Studies 1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sixth collection of research on middle schools is divided into three sections. Section I comprises five research articles, each with a practitioner's reaction discussing the article's implications for practice and suggesting further research. The articles include "Perceptual Styles of Pupils in Grades 5 through 8," by Grover Baldwin; "A Study

Erb, Thomas Owen, Ed.

224

Research studies with the International Ultraviolet Explorer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IUE research studies comprises 118 separate research programs involving observations, data analysis, and research conducted of the IUE satellite and the NASA Astrophysics Data Program. Herein are presented 92 programs. For each program there is a title, program ID, name of the investigator, statement of work, summary of results, and list of publications.

1991-01-01

225

Evaluation of Forest Service Pest Management Programs. Analysis of Weed Management and Research. Phase II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall objectives of this study are to: Evaluate Forest Service pest management activities by examining pest management policy and the effectiveness of present programs; describe options for program adjustment where appropriate. Most of the research ...

D. Cottingham F. D. Dottavio D. Dysart J. Hynson W. Reed

1980-01-01

226

Evaluation of the state water-resources research institutes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water resources research institutes, as authorized by the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-242), are located in each state and in the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico , and the Virgin Islands. Public Law 98-242 mandated an onsite evaluation of each of these institutes to determine whether ' . . .the quality and relevance of its water resources research and its effectiveness as an institution for planning, conducting, and arranging for research warrant its continued support in the national interest. ' The results of these evaluations, which were conducted between September 1985 and June 1987, are summarized. The evaluation teams found that all 54 institutes are meeting the basic objectives of the authorizing legislation in that they: (1) use the grant funds to support research that addresses water problems of state and regional concern; (2) provide opportunities for training of water scientists through student involvement on research projects; and (3) promote the application of research results through preparation of technical reports and contributions to the technical literature. The differences among institutes relate primarily to degrees of effectiveness, and most often are determined by the financial, political, and geographical contexts in which the institutes function and by the quality of their leadership. (Lantz-PTT)

Ertel, M. O.

1988-01-01

227

Using National and State Assessments To Evaluate the Performance of State Education Systems: Learning from the Cases of Kentucky and Maine. Research Report. Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSI) Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined two major questions: do national and state assessments provide consistent information on the performance of state education systems, and what accounts for discrepancies between national and state assessment results if they are found? Data came from national and state assessments in grade 4 and grade 8 mathematics from 1992 to…

Lee, Jaekyung; McIntire, Walter G.

228

Photogrammetry Research Study No. 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study in its broader aspects is a test of photogrammetric map and spot elevation accuracy as produced with projection type stereoplotters under controlled conditions. Maps at scales 1:600, 1:1200, and 1:2400 were analyzed by measurement of contour dev...

1971-01-01

229

Medical Research and Evaluation Facility (MREF) and studies supporting the medical chemical defense program: Development of procedures to enhance atropine antisera production in rabbits. Final report, July 1992-July 1994  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to improve the production of rabbit anti-atropine antisera for future analytical studies. There were two phases to this project: evaluation of methods to enhance atropine antisera titers, and antisera production and characterization. Anti-atropine antisera were prepared using a high-density conjugate. The radioimmunoassay performance characteristics were similar for both the Battelle and Walter Reed Army Institute of Research antisera. However, a lower detection limit and a more dynamic response range were obtained with the Battelle antisera. Minor changes were made in the atropine radioimmunoassay to improve its reliability. There were approximately 250 mL of atropine antisera collected during this project, providing a useful antisera supply adequate for 250,000 tests.

Olson, C.T.; Miller, L.; Bhullar, B.; Benecke, H.

1994-07-01

230

Research evaluation and competition for academic positions in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Citation analysis is widely used to evaluate the performance of individual researchers, journals, and universities. Its outcome plays a crucial role in the decision-making process of ranking applicants for an academic position. A number of indicators, including the h-index reflecting both scientific productivity and its relevance in medical fields, are available through the Web of Knowledge( sm ) and Scopus®. In the field of occupational medicine, the adoption of the h-index in assessing the value of core journals shows some advantages compared with traditional bibliometrics and may encourage researchers to submit their papers. Although evaluation of the overall individual performance for academic positions should assess several aspects, scientific performance is usually based on citation analysis indicators. Younger researchers should be aware of the new approach based on transparent threshold rules for career promotion and need to understand the new evaluation systems based on metrics. PMID:23428063

Franco, Giuliano

2013-01-01

231

Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER): evaluation of 114 measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER) Program was to identify a set of measures of human capabilities for use in the study of environmental and other time-course effects. 114 measures studied in the PETER Program were evaluated and categorized into four groups based upon task stability and task definition. The Recommended category contained 30 measures that clearly obtained total stabilization and had an acceptable level of reliability efficiency. The Acceptable-But-Redundant category contained 15 measures. The 37 measures in the Marginal category, which included an inordinate number of slope and other derived measures, usually had desirable features which were outweighed by faults. The 32 measures in the Unacceptable category had either differential instability or weak reliability efficiency. It is our opinion that the 30 measures in the Recommended category should be given first consideration for environmental research applications. Further, it is recommended that information pertaining to preexperimental practice requirements and stabilized reliabilities should be utilized in repeated-measures environmental studies.

Bittner, A. C. Jr; Carter, R. C.; Kennedy, R. S.; Harbeson, M. M.; Krause, M.

1986-01-01

232

SIGAPS: a prototype of bibliographic tool for medical research evaluation.  

PubMed

Evaluation of research activity is extremely important but remains a complex domain. There's no standardized methods and evaluation is often based on the scientific publications. It is easy to identify, for a researcher, all the publications realized over a given period of time. At the level of an important establishment like an University Hospital, with about 500 researchers, this sort of inventory is very difficult to realize: we have to list the researchers, to list their publications, to determine the quality of articles produced, to store retrieved data and to calculate summary statistics. We have developed a full-Web prototype, using free software which, for a given researchers' list, interrogates the Pubmed server, downloads the found references and stores them in a local database. They are then enriched with local data which allow the realization of more or less complex analyses, the automatic production of reports, or keyword search. This tool is very easy to use, allowing for immediate analysis of publications of a researcher or a research team. This tool will allow to identify those active teams to be maintained or emergent teams to be supported. It will also allow to compare candidate profiles for appointments to research posts. PMID:14664073

Devos, P; Dufresne, E; Renard, J M; Beuscart, R

2003-01-01

233

A New Tool for Identifying Research Standards and Evaluating Research Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has been written about the evaluation of faculty research productivity in promotion and tenure decisions, including many articles that seek to determine the rank of various marketing journals. Yet how faculty evaluators combine journal quality, quantity, and author contribution to form judgments of a scholar's performance is unclear. A…

Bacon, Donald R.; Paul, Pallab; Stewart, Kim A.; Mukhopadhyay, Kausiki

2012-01-01

234

Some Research Orientations for Research in Social Studies Education. [Draft].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a different conception of research from the classical statistical approach to theory development in social studies teaching is addressed in this paper. In a schema of dominant orientations of social theory, the outstanding epistemological features of the three main schools of contemporary metascience are outlined. Three systems of…

van Manen, M. J. Max

235

Composite scientometric indicators for evaluating publications of research institutes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Both quantitative and qualitative evaluation of publications of research teams or institutes requires several scientometric\\u000a indicators. In this paper a new composite indicator is introduced for the assessment of publications of research institutes\\u000a working in different fields of science. The composite indicator consists of three part-indicators (Journal Paper Productivity,\\u000a Relative Publication Strategy and Relative Paper Citedness). The different methods of

Peter Vinkler

2006-01-01

236

National Shipbuilding Research Program, Welding Fume Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In anticipation of the lowering of OSHA permissible exposure limits (PEL) for several compounds found in welding fume in the near future, Panel SP- 7 of the National Shipbuilding Research Program contracted with DynCorp to identify and evaluate the econom...

1999-01-01

237

Toward Better Research on--and Thinking about--Evaluation Influence, Especially in Multisite Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation is typically carried out with the intention of making a difference in the understandings and actions of stakeholders and decision makers. The author provides a general review of the concepts of evaluation "use," evaluation "influence," and "influence pathways," with connections to multisite evaluations. The study of evaluation influence…

Mark, Melvin M.

2011-01-01

238

75 FR 34452 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Data Standards Plan; Availability for Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). The draft plan...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...submissions, and a robust computational infrastructure would...

2010-06-17

239

Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research  

PubMed Central

Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells.

2013-01-01

240

Five year research update (1996-2000): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence).  

PubMed

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 1996-2000 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial (also known as adjudicative competence). The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (i) the systemic context of evaluations of adjudicative competence (AC); (ii) conceptual guidelines for AC evaluations; (iii) research on AC assessment methods; (iv) empirical correlates of AC judgments and psycholegal abilities; (v) quality of AC evaluations and reports; (vi) interpretation of AC evaluation data; (vii) issues in AC assessment of special populations (e.g., juveniles, persons with mental retardation, and women); and (viii) treatment to restore competence. Suggestions are offered for further research to advance the quality of clinical evaluations of adjudicative competence. PMID:12808694

Mumley, Denise L; Tillbrook, Chad E; Grisso, Thomas

2003-01-01

241

New Opportunities and Directions in Home Visiting Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe the research and evaluation activities connected to the new Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting program. The goal of these activities is to provide information on federal, state, and local efforts to strengthen programs by providing much needed knowledge on the best ways to support the implementation of home…

Supplee, Lauren H.; Harwood, Robin L.; Margie, Nancy Geyelin; Meyer, Aleta L.

2013-01-01

242

Early Childhood Program Research and Evaluation. ERIC/AE Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In educational research and evaluation, a sample of subjects usually received some type of programmatic treatment. Outcome scores for these students are then compared with outcome scores of a control or comparison group. M. Lewis and H. McGurk (1972) have pointed out that there are some implicit assumptions when this approach is applied to…

Rudner, Lawrence M.

243

Making Statistics More Meaningful for Policy Research and Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the use of statistics in policy and evaluation research and the need to present statistical information in a form that is meaningful to mixed audiences. Three guidelines for formulating and presenting meaningful statistics are outlined. Understandability ensures that knowledge of statistical methods is not required for…

May, Henry

2004-01-01

244

Evaluation of hydro-mechanical pulsation for rocket injector research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Propulsion Research Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville has designed and built a hydro-mechanical pulsator to simulate the pressure fluctuations created by high frequency combustion instability. The pressure response characteristics were evaluated in an atmospheric test rig using filtered de-ionized water as the working fluid. The outlet of the pulsator was connected to a swirl injector post

Matthew B. Wilson

2010-01-01

245

Not so simple: a quasi-experimental study of how researchers adjudicate genetic research results  

PubMed Central

Ethicists contend that researchers are obliged to report genetic research findings to individual study participants when they are clinically significant, that is, when they are clinically useful or personally meaningful to participants. Yet whether such standards are well understood and can be consistently applied remains unknown. We conducted an international, cross-sectional survey of cystic fibrosis (CF) and autism genetics researchers using a quasi-experimental design to explore factors influencing researchers' judgments. Eighty percent of researchers agreed, in principle, that clinically significant findings should be reported to individual participants. Yet judgments about when a specific finding was considered clinically significant or warranted reporting varied by scientific factors (replication, robustness, intentionality, and disease context), capacity of the research team to explain the results, and type of research ethics guidance. Further, judgments were influenced by the researchers' disease community (autism or CF), their primary role (clinical, molecular, statistical) and their beliefs regarding a general reporting obligation. In sum, judgments about the clinical significance of genetic research results, and about whether they should be reported, are influenced by scientific parameters as well as contextual factors related to the specific research project and the individual researcher. These findings call into question the assumption that the conditions under which an obligation to disclose arises are uniformly understood and actionable. Adjudicating the clinical readiness of provisional data may be a responsibility better suited to evaluative experts at arms' length of the provisional data in question, rather than a responsibility imposed upon researchers themselves.

Hayeems, Robin Zoe; Miller, Fiona Alice; Li, Li; Bytautas, Jessica Peace

2011-01-01

246

Land Suitability Evaluation of Bilverdy Research Station for Wheat, Barley, Alfalfa, Maize and Safflower  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study and research work, land suitability evaluation (qualitative classification) was made for the Bilverdy research station of the Islamic Azad University in East Azarbaijan for wheat, barley, alfalfa, maize and safflower. The Simple Limitation Method (SLM), the Limitation Method regarding Number and Intensity (LMNI) and the Parametric Methods (PM) such as the square-root and the Storie methods

Ali Asghar

247

Economic Evaluation of Continuing Care Interventions in the Treatment of Substance Abuse: Recommendations for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chronic and relapsing nature of substance abuse points to the need for continuing care after a primary phase of treatment. This article reviews the economic studies of continuing care, discusses research gaps, highlights some of the challenges of conducting rigorous economic evaluations of continuing care, and offers research guidelines and…

Popovici, Ioana; French, Michael T.; McKay, James R.

2008-01-01

248

Researcher development program of the primary health care research, evaluation and development strategy.  

PubMed

The Research Development Program (RDP) was initiated in 2004 under the Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development (PHCRED) Strategy to increase the number and range of people with knowledge and skills in primary health care research and evaluation. RDP Fellows were invited to participate in an online survey about the effect the program had on their research knowledge, attitudes and practice. The response rate was 42% (105/248). Most were female (88%) with 66% aged between 31 and 50 years. Over two-thirds (72%) were health practitioners. Activities undertaken during the RDP ranged from literature reviews, developing a research question, preparing ethics submissions, attending and presenting at conferences and seminars, preparing papers and reports, and submitting grant applications. Despite the fact that only 52% agreed that the RDP time was adequate, 94% agreed that the RDP was a valuable experience, with 89% expressing interest in undertaking further research. These results indicate that this program has had a positive effect on the RDP Fellows in terms of their knowledge about research, their attitude to research, and the way they use research in their work. PMID:21616035

McIntyre, Ellen; Brun, Lyn; Cameron, Helen

2011-01-01

249

Scientometric Study on Research Performance in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that characterized research performance in China through the number of papers published in periodicals and the number of citations received by those papers covered by the "Science Citation Index" database from 1987 to 1993. Distribution of cited disciplines and ranking of research institutes are discussed. (LRW)

Haiqi, Zhang; Yuhua, Zhang

1997-01-01

250

Five year research update (1996-2000): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 1996-2000 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial (also known as adjudicative competence). The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (i) the systemic context of evaluations of adjudicative competence (AC); (ii) conceptual

Denise L. Mumley; Chad E. Tillbrook; Thomas Grisso

2003-01-01

251

The Role of Institutional Research in Student Evaluations of Teaching. AIR 1998 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role played by an office of institutional research in developing a new student evaluation of teaching protocol. At Southeastern Louisiana University, a comprehensive 4-year public institution, the administration appointed a campus-wide committee to study the student evaluations of teaching and to make recommendations for…

Hall, Michelle; Baldwin, Beatrice

252

Five year research update (1991-1995): evaluations for competence to stand trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 1991-1995 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial. The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (a) the systemic context of competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations, (b) conceptual definitions of CST, (c)

Deborah K. Cooper; Thomas Grisso

1997-01-01

253

Case study as a research method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research method. These include the design and categories of case studies and how their robustness can be achieved.

Zaidah Zainal

2007-01-01

254

Solar energy storage researchers information user study  

SciTech Connect

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar energy storage are described. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 2 groups of researchers are analyzed: DOE-Funded Researchers and Non-DOE-Funded Researchers. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

255

Applying DEA Technique to Library Evaluation in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applied an analytical technique called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to calculate the relative technical efficiency of 95 academic research libraries, all members of the Association of Research Libraries. DEA, with the proper model of library inputs and outputs, can reveal best practices in the peer groups, as well as the technical…

Shim, Wonsik

2003-01-01

256

[Clinical research, evaluation of care and quality assurance].  

PubMed

This paper aims to clarify the concepts and terminology of clinical research, evaluation, and quality. Clinical research or clinical epidemiology aims to demonstrate the efficacy of medical care. The optimal methodology is a randomized, double-blind trial that allows a causal inference in respect of efficacy. This should be the first stage before generalization of all medical practice. Evaluation of quality of care aims to verify the effectiveness of medical care by comparing practice with references. The optimal methodology is clinical audit that allows fine-tuned diagnosis of the existence of deviant practices. The analysis of causes and correction of the care process are an integral part of the evaluation work. Thus quality assurance and quality management concepts and methods have been developed which tend to ensure solutions for better care and to maintain the level of quality of care to achieve patient satisfaction. Evaluation, clinical research and management quality could in fact be seen as the complementary facets of a comprehensive approach to quality of care. PMID:10070233

Girard, F; Empereur, F; Guillemin, F; Briançon, S

1998-01-01

257

Worldwide trends in funding for contraceptive research and evaluation.  

PubMed

In the past 5 years funding has declined in constant dollars for reproductive and contraceptive research and for the evaluation of long-term contraceptive safety; there has been a general increase in coordination and planning among publicly supported programs, as well as between these programs and private industry. There has been no substantial relaxation of regulatory requirements, and little has been done to make contraceptive research and development (R and D) more attractive to industry. The threat of liability suits and the difficulty in obtaining product liability insurance have become more salient than 5 years ago. This is increasingly restricting clinical research into new methods by both private industry and publicly supported research groups. Nonetheless some major advances have been recorded over the same period. The NORPLANT system, the Today contraceptive sponge, the TCu 380A (a copper-bearing IUD), and biphasic and triphasic pills have all become available in at least some developed and developing countries. In addition, several methods are in advanced stages of clinical trial (e.g., injectable contraceptives for 1 and 6 months' duration; an improved implant, a progestin releasing vaginal ring and Gossypol for sperm inhibition). Presented here are the results of a worldwide survey conducted by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) of funding for reproductive research, contraceptive development and evaluation of the long-term safety of existing methods. Requests for data on expenditures for 1980-1983 were sent by the AGI to funding agencies, R and D organizations and pharmaceutical companies in the US, Australia, Europe, India and Japan, reported to be doing contraceptive research. Detailed information was sought about fundamental research in reproductive biology, training of pre- and postdoctoral reproductive scientistis, applied research in contraceptive technology and evaluation of the safety of currently marketed contraceptives. An estimated US$154.8 million was spent in 1979 for all 3 categories of research; this amount declined by 12% in 1980. By 1983, expenditures in constant dollars were 79% of the 1979 figure. Contraceptive R and D accounted for 41% of the total expenditures during 1980-1983, fundamental for 52% and long-term contraceptive safety evaluation for 7%. The principal methods under investigation during this period were improved oral contraceptives, other ovulation inhibitors, post-ovulatory methods and pregnancy vaccines. Expenditures for contraceptive development are also presented by contributing organization (publicly supported, private industry and mission-oriented research projects). 46% of funds for evaluation of long-term safety of existing methods were spent on evaluation of oral contraceptives and 16% on the long-term risks of vasectomy. Investigations of barrier methods hardly played any part in overall research on safety in 1980 and 1981; but by 1983 these expenditures were 2nd only to those for the pill. Over the 4-year period, 63% of the funds spent on all types of research were for projects involving female reporduction, 18% for male reproduction and 19% for both. PMID:3843535

Atkinson, L E; Lincoln, R; Forrest, J D

1985-01-01

258

[Comprehensive evaluation of sample data in medical research].  

PubMed

Comprehensive evaluation methods are generally used to assess the population data. When we need to estimate the sample data in special situations, the impacts brought by the sampling error should be considered. Due to lack of the accurate measurement for the sensitivity and stability in the comprehensive evaluation methods, sampling errors usually cannot be estimated in the sampling research. Monte Carlo simulation was used in this article to solve the probability of the ordering results, and the matlab programs were presented. Based on the simulated results, we change the conventional "absolute conclusion" of comprehensive evaluation methods to "probability results" for the sample data, and put forward a new sorting and ranking method for the results of comprehensive evaluation. PMID:24820283

Wang, Yiren; Sun, Zhenqiu; Xie, Jiangbo; Zeng, Xiaomin

2014-04-01

259

Toward a document evaluation methodology: what does research tell us about the validity and reliability of evaluation methods?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the usefulness of evaluating documents has become generally accepted among communication professionals, the supporting research that puts evaluation practices empirically to the test is only beginning to emerge. This article presents an overview of the available research on troubleshooting evaluation methods. Four lines of research are distinguished concerning the validity of evaluation methods, sample composition, sample size, and the

Jong de Menno; Peter Jan Schellens

2000-01-01

260

The contribution of Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development-supported research to primary health care policy and practice.  

PubMed

The importance of primary health care (PHC) research is well understood yet conducting this research can be challenging. Barriers include a lack of funding, support and opportunity. In 2000 the Australian government introduced the Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development (PHCRED) Strategy to address the gap in high-quality research. One component of the strategy, the Research Capacity Building Initiative, provided funding to university departments of general practice and rural health, allowing them to expand their pool of researchers and produce more research relevant to policy and practice. This study investigates the impact of phase two of the PHCRED Strategy by analysing peer-reviewed publications from PHCRED-supported departments. Research output was recorded from 2006 to 2010 incorporating 661 publications in 212 journals. Rural departments often had fewer resources than urban departments yet demonstrated steady research contributions focusing on issues relevant to their community. Since its inception the PHCRED Strategy has enabled development of research capacity and contributed to the body of PHC knowledge. While PHC is a diverse field, reflected in the publications produced, the themes underlying much of this work were representative of current health reform and the priority areas and building blocks of the National PHC Strategy. PMID:23092638

Brown, Lynsey J; McIntyre, Ellen L

2014-01-01

261

Studies in Teaching: 2008 Research Digest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of Annual Research Forum. 34 studies. Cultural Awareness in Secondary Spanish (Amy Allen), Writing in Mathematics (Lindsey L. Bakewell), Homework: Assignment Methods and Student Engagement (Lia Beresford), Current Events and Social Studies (Jennie Marie Biser), Authentic Assessments in Social Studies (Carl Boland), Assessment in High…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

2008-01-01

262

Five Misunderstandings About CaseStudy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific development; (c) the case study is most useful for generating hypotheses, whereas other methods are more suitable for hypotheses testing and theory building; (d) the case

Bent Flyvbjerg; M S Sridhar

2006-01-01

263

Research on informatization construction evaluation of logistics enterprise in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through studying the informatization index systems of both domestic and foreign enterprises, this essay sets up an informatization evaluation index system for enterprises in Henan Province, based on their essential characteristics and present situation. The evaluation index system includes application status of informatization, construction level of enterprise infrastructure, strategic planning level and informatization level of staff. Next, in accordance with

Xiao MeiDan; Liu JunJuan; Liu Bin

2009-01-01

264

Federally Sponsored Multidisciplinary Research Centers: Learning, Evaluation, and Vicious Circles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the increasing investment in multi-year federally funded science and technology centers in universities, there are few studies of how these centers engage in learning and change based on information submitted from various agents in the oversight and evaluation process. One challenge is how to manage and respond to this evaluative

Youtie, Jan; Corley, Elizabeth A.

2011-01-01

265

Research Aircraft Helps Scientists Study Troposphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A newly developed advanced research aircraft will allow researchers to directly study the atmosphere for extended periods of time at altitudes that approach the troposphere-stratosphere boundary. The plane, called the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER), can carry nearly 3000 kilograms of scientific instrumentation, reach an altitude of more than 15,500 meters, and cruise without refueling for over 11,200 kilometers. Owned by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and operated by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo., HIAPER will be used to collect detailed information on the meteorology of the upper edges of hurricanes and thunderstorms, high altitude chemical reactions that are believed to affect climate, and other research concerns.

Kumar, Mohi

2006-03-01

266

Research priorities in medical education: A national study  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: One preliminary step to strengthen medical education research would be determining the research priorities. The aim of this study was to determine the research priorities of medical education in Iran in 2007-2008. METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out in two phases. Phase one was performed in 3 stages and used Delphi technique among academic staffs of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The three stages included a brainstorming workshop for 140 faculty members and educational experts resulting in a list of research priorities, then, in the second and third stages 99 and 76 questionnaires were distributed among faculty members. In the second phase, the final questionnaires were mailed to educational research center managers of universities type I, II and III, and were distributed among 311 academic members and educational experts to rate the items on a numerical scale ranging from 1 to 10. RESULTS: The most important research priorities included faculty members’ development methods, faculty members’ motives, satisfaction and welfare, criteria and procedures of faculty members’ promotion, teaching methods and learning techniques, job descriptions and professional skills of graduates, quality management in education, second language, clinical education, science production in medicine, faculty evaluation and information technology. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the medial education research priorities in national level and in different types of medical universities in Iran. It is recommended that faculty members and research administrators consider the needs and requirements of education and plan the researches in education according to these priorities.

Tootoonchi, Mina; Yamani, Nikoo; Changiz, Tahereh; Yousefy, Alireza

2012-01-01

267

An evaluation of statistical software for research and instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of microcomputer statistics packages were evaluated. The packages were compared on a number of dimensions, including\\u000a error handling, documentation, statistical capability, and accuracy. Results indicated that there are some very good packages\\u000a available both for instruction and for analyzing research data. In general, the microcomputer packages were easier to learn\\u000a and to use than were mainframe packages. Furthermore,

Darrell L. Butler; Douglas B. Eamon

1985-01-01

268

Finding qualitative research: an evaluation of search strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research makes an important contribution to our understanding of health and healthcare. However, qualitative evidence can be difficult to search for and identify, and the effectiveness of different types of search strategies is unknown. Methods Three search strategies for qualitative research in the example area of support for breast-feeding were evaluated using six electronic bibliographic databases. The strategies were based on using thesaurus terms, free-text terms and broad-based terms. These strategies were combined with recognised search terms for support for breast-feeding previously used in a Cochrane review. For each strategy, we evaluated the recall (potentially relevant records found) and precision (actually relevant records found). Results A total yield of 7420 potentially relevant records was retrieved by the three strategies combined. Of these, 262 were judged relevant. Using one strategy alone would miss relevant records. The broad-based strategy had the highest recall and the thesaurus strategy the highest precision. Precision was generally poor: 96% of records initially identified as potentially relevant were deemed irrelevant. Searching for qualitative research involves trade-offs between recall and precision. Conclusions These findings confirm that strategies that attempt to maximise the number of potentially relevant records found are likely to result in a large number of false positives. The findings also suggest that a range of search terms is required to optimise searching for qualitative evidence. This underlines the problems of current methods for indexing qualitative research in bibliographic databases and indicates where improvements need to be made.

Shaw, Rachel L; Booth, Andrew; Sutton, Alex J; Miller, Tina; Smith, Jonathan A; Young, Bridget; Jones, David R; Dixon-Woods, Mary

2004-01-01

269

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. VIID, a Case Study Illustrating an Experimental Design for Evaluating the Effects of Shaping Gross Motor Coordination in a 31 Month Old Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple baseline design for modifying the gross motor coordination of a 31-month-old boy suspected of suffering from congenital brain damage was conducted at the University of Kansas Infant Study Laboratory. The primary purpose of the study was to establish, by experimental procedures, the desired, but absent, behavior of walking, getting up,…

Michealis, Mary Lou; Etzel, Barbara C.

270

GUIDANCE FOR RESEARCH HOUSE STUDIES OF THE FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM, VOLUME 1: RESEARCH PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides guidance and a readily available reference to groups involved with the Florida Radon Research Program's (FRRP's) research house studies. t includes: 1): Lists of Parameters for continuous and periodic high and low resolution measurements; (2) Protocols for cha...

271

An evaluation approach for research project pilot technological applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a world increasingly more competitive and in a constantly development and growth it's important that companies have economic tools, like frameworks to help them to evaluate and validate the technology development to better fits in each company particular needs. The paper presents an evaluation approach for research project pilot applications to stimulate its implementation and deployment, increasing its adequacy and acceptance to their stakeholders and consequently providing new business profit and opportunities. Authors used the DECIDE evaluation framework as a major guide to this approach, which was tested in the iSURF project to support the implementation of an interoperability service utility for collaborative supply chain planning across multiple domains supported by RFID devices.

Marcelino-Jesus, Elsa; Sarraipa, Joao; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

2013-10-01

272

Evaluating Quality in Clinical Cancer Research: The M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Experience  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the unquestionable importance of clinically oriented research designed to test the safety and efficacy of new therapies in patients with malignant disease, there is limited information regarding strategies to evaluate the quality of such efforts at academic institutions. Methods To address this issue, a committee of senior faculty at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center established specific criteria by which investigators from all departments engaged in clinical research could be formally evaluated. Scoring criteria were established and revised based on the results of a pilot study. Beginning in January 2004, the committee evaluated all faculty involved in clinical research within 35 departments. Scores for individual faculty members were assigned on a scale of 1 (outstanding) to 5; a score of 3 was set as the standard for the institution. Each department also received a score. The results of the evaluation were shared with departmental chairs and the Chief Academic Officer. Results 392 faculty were evaluated. The median score was 3. Full professors more frequently received a score of 1, but all faculty ranks received scores of 4 and 5. As a group, tenure/tenure track faculty achieved superior scores compared to nontenure track faculty. Conclusions Based on our experience, we believe it is possible to conduct a rigorous consensus-based evaluation of the quality of clinical cancer research being conducted at an academic medical center. It is reasonable to suggest such evaluations can be used as a management tool and may lead to higher-quality clinical research.

Cox, James D.; Giralt, Sergio A.; Veazie, Mary L.; Ajani, Jaffer A.; Bruner, Janet M.; Chan, Ka Wah; Hittelman, Walter N.; Hunt, Kelly K.; Iyer, Revathy B.; Karp, Daniel D.; Kuban, Deborah A.; Lippman, Scott M.; Raad, Issam I.; Rodriguez-Bigas, Miguel A.; Zwelling, Leonard A.; Markman, Maurie

2009-01-01

273

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2005 Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the first two weeks of September 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2005 Research and Technology Studies (RATS). The Desert RATS field test activity is the culmination of the various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas year-long technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The purpose of the RATS is to drive out preliminary exploration concept of operations EVA system requirements by providing hands-on experience with simulated planetary surface exploration extravehicular activity (EVA) hardware and procedures. The RATS activities also are of significant importance in helping to develop the necessary levels of technical skills and experience for the next generation of engineers, scientists, technicians, and astronauts who will be responsible for realizing the goals of the Constellation Program. The 2005 Desert RATS was the eighth RATS field test and was the most systems-oriented, integrated field test to date with participants from NASA field centers, the United States Geologic Survey (USGS), industry partners, and research institutes. Each week of the test, the 2005 RATS addressed specific sets of objectives. The first week focused on the performance of surface science astro-biological sampling operations, including planetary protection considerations and procedures. The second week supported evaluation of the Science, Crew, Operations, and Utility Testbed (SCOUT) proto-type rover and its sub-systems. Throughout the duration of the field test, the Communications, Avionics, and Infomatics pack (CAI-pack) was tested. This year the CAI-pack served to provide information on surface navigation, science sample collection procedures, and EVA timeline awareness. Additionally, 2005 was the first year since the Apollo program that two pressurized suited test subjects have worked together simultaneously. Another first was the demonstration of recharge of cryogenic life support systems while in-use by the suited test subjects. The recharge capability allowed the simulated EVA test duration to be doubled, facilitating SCOUT proto-type rover testing. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2005 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations and test results.

Ross, Amy J.; Kosmo, Joseph J.; Janoiko, Barbara A.; Bernard, Craig; Splawn, Keith; Eppler, Dean B.

2006-01-01

274

15 CFR 921.40 - Ongoing oversight and evaluations of designated National Estuarine Research Reserves.  

...evaluations of designated National Estuarine Research Reserves. 921.40 Section 921...RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATIONAL ESTUARINE RESEARCH RESERVE SYSTEM REGULATIONS Ongoing...evaluations of designated National Estuarine Research Reserves. (a) The...

2014-01-01

275

40 CFR 26.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of...

2010-07-01

276

45 CFR 46.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and...

2009-10-01

277

40 CFR 26.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of...

2013-07-01

278

40 CFR 26.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications...Protection of Subjects in Human Research Conducted or Supported by EPA § 26.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of...

2009-07-01

279

45 CFR 46.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and...

2013-10-01

280

45 CFR 46.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals...Basic HHS Policy for Protection of Human Research Subjects § 46.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and...

2010-10-01

281

Practical Guidelines for Evaluating Sampling Designs in Survey Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The popularity of sample surveys in evaluation and research makes it necessary for consumers to tell a good survey from a poor one. Several sources were identified that gave advice on how to evaluate a sample design used in a survey study. The sources are either too limited or too extensive to be useful practically. The purpose of this paper is to…

Fan, Xitao; Wang, Lin

282

QOMB wireless network emulation testbed: evaluation and case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents several evaluation tests, as well as a case study of large-scale wireless network emulation experiments performed using QOMB, the wireless network emulation testbed at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Hokuriku Research Center in Ishikawa, Japan. The evaluation tests demonstrate the accuracy of wireless network emulation using QOMB in single and multi-hop settings, as well

Razvan Beuran; Lan Tien Nguyen; Yoichi Shinoda

2010-01-01

283

Design and evaluation of a personal digital assistant-based research platform for cochlear implants.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the design, development, features, and clinical evaluation of a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based platform for cochlear implant research. This highly versatile and portable research platform allows researchers to design and perform complex experiments with cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation with great ease and flexibility. The research platform includes a portable processor for implementing and evaluating novel speech processing algorithms, a stimulator unit which can be used for electrical stimulation and neurophysiologic studies with animals, and a recording unit for collecting electroencephalogram/evoked potentials from human subjects. The design of the platform for real time and offline stimulation modes is discussed for electric-only and electric plus acoustic stimulation followed by results from an acute study with implant users for speech intelligibility in quiet and noisy conditions. The results are comparable with users' clinical processor and very promising for undertaking chronic studies. PMID:23674422

Ali, Hussnain; Lobo, Arthur P; Loizou, Philipos C

2013-11-01

284

Design and Evaluation of a Personal Digital Assistant-based Research Platform for Cochlear Implants  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses the design, development, features, and clinical evaluation of a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based platform for cochlear implant research. This highly versatile and portable research platform allows researchers to design and perform complex experiments with cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation with great ease and flexibility. The research platform includes a portable processor for implementing and evaluating novel speech processing algorithms, a stimulator unit which can be used for electrical stimulation and neurophysio-logic studies with animals, and a recording unit for collecting electroencephalogram/evoked potentials from human subjects. The design of the platform for real time and offline stimulation modes is discussed for electric-only and electric plus acoustic stimulation followed by results from an acute study with implant users for speech intelligibility in quiet and noisy conditions. The results are comparable with users’ clinical processor and very promising for undertaking chronic studies.

Ali, Hussnain; Lobo, Arthur P.; Loizou, Philipos C.

2014-01-01

285

New developments in the use of citation analysis in research evaluation.  

PubMed

This paper presents an overview of research assessment methodologies developed in the field of evaluative bibliometrics, a subfield of quantitative science and technology studies, aimed to construct indicators of research performance from a quantitative statistical analysis of scientific-scholarly documents. Citation analysis is one of its key methodologies. The paper illustrates the potentialities and limitations of the use of bibliometric indicators in research assessment. It discusses the relationship between metrics and peer review; databases used as sources of bibliometric analysis; the pros and cons of indicators often applied, including journal impact factors, Hirsch indices, and normalized indicators of citation impact; and approaches to the bibliometric measurement of institutional research performance. PMID:19219533

Moed, Henk F

2009-01-01

286

Five year research update (1991-1995): evaluations for competence to stand trial.  

PubMed

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 1991-1995 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial. The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (a) the systemic context of competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations, (b) conceptual definitions of CST, (c) research on CST assessment methods, (d) characteristics of incompetent defendants, (e) interpretation and communication of CST evaluation data, (f) issues in CST assessment of special populations (juveniles, persons with mental retardation), and (g) treatment to restore competence. Suggestions are offered for further research to advance the quality of clinical evaluations for competence to stand trial. PMID:9415961

Cooper, D K; Grisso, T

1997-01-01

287

Total hydrocarbon analyzer evaluation study  

SciTech Connect

Measuring and controlling organic emissions from incineration processes has become a major environmental concern in recent years. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently proposed a regulation for sewage sludge incinerators under section 405(d) of the Clean Water Act that will require all sludge incinerators to monitor total hydrocarbon emissions (THCs) on a continuous basis. Such a requirement would be part of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination (NPDES) permits and site-specific THC limits would be established for facilities based on a risk assessment of organic emissions. Before EPA can finalize the proposed requirement, THC monitoring must be successfully conducted in a plant environment and the system required by any final regulation must be kept in operation so that facilities can comply with their permits. The Metropolitan Waste Control Commission (MWCC) in St. Paul, Minn., and Rosemount Analytical Division in La Habre, Calif., entered into a joint agreement with EPA to demonstrate a hot' THC monitoring system to detect THCs in stack gases. The objectives of the study are to determine the feasibility of THC monitoring of sludge incinerator emissions; evaluate the long term reliability, cost of operation, and consistency of a continuous THC monitoring system in an incinerator environment; and determine the correlation of THC stack concentration to incinerator and scrubber operating conditions, carbon monoxide concentration, and specific VOC emissions.

Shamat, N. (EMA Services, Inc., St. Paul, MN (United States)); Crumpler, E. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)); Roddan, A. (Rosemount Analytical Division, La Habra, CA (United States))

1991-10-01

288

Research in nondestructive evaluation techniques for nuclear reactor concrete structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the Materials Aging and Degradation (MAaD) Pathway of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is to develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting longterm environmental degradation behavior of material in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess the performance of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) essential to safe and sustained nuclear power plant operations. The understanding of aging-related phenomena and their impacts on SSCs is expected to be a significant issue for any nuclear power plant planning for long-term operations (i.e. service beyond the initial license renewal period). Management of those phenomena and their impacts during long-term operations can be better enable by improved methods and techniques for detection, monitoring, and prediction of SSC degradation. The MAaD Pathway R&D Roadmap for Concrete, "Light Water Reactor Sustainability Nondestructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap", focused initial research efforts on understanding the recent concrete issues at nuclear power plants and identifying the availability of concrete samples for NDE techniques evaluation and testing. [1] An overview of the research performed by ORNL in these two areas is presented here.

Clayton, Dwight; Smith, Cyrus

2014-02-01

289

Research study on antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research project to investigate antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle vehicle was conducted. System from the Concorde, Boeing 747, Boeing 737, and Lockheed L-1011 were investigated. The characteristics of the Boeing 737 system which caused it to be selected are described. Other subjects which were investigated are: (1) trade studies of brake control concepts, (2) redundancy requirements trade study, (3) laboratory evaluation of antiskid systems, and (4) space shuttle hardware criteria.

Auselmi, J. A.; Weinberg, L. W.; Yurczyk, R. F.; Nelson, W. G.

1973-01-01

290

Studying genetic research participants: lessons from the "Learning About Research in North Carolina" study.  

PubMed

Given the prohibitive cost of recruiting large and diverse populations for genetic explorations in cancer research, there has been a call for genetic studies to engage existing cohorts of research participants. This strategy could lead to more efficient recruitment and potentially result in significant advances in the understanding of cancer etiology and treatment. The Learning About Research in North Carolina (LeARN) study responded to the National Human Genome Research Institute interest in research on how study participants from diverse populations who had participated in genetic research perceived the risks and benefits of participating in combined epidemiologic-genetic research, how well they understand the purpose of the research and the uses to which the research results may be put, and how involvement in such research affects perceptions of disease causality. In this article, we give an overview of the LeARN study, summarizing the methods we used, challenges we encountered, and lessons learned about recruiting participants who have previously participated in genetic research. PMID:18708393

Corbie-Smith, Giselle; Blumenthal, Connie; Henderson, Gail; Garrett, Joanne; Bussey-Jones, Jada; Moloney, Mairead; Sandler, Robert S; Lloyd, Stacey W; Dorrance, Jessica; Darter, Jane

2008-08-01

291

Studying Genetic Research Participants: Lessons from the "Learning About Research in North Carolina" Study  

PubMed Central

Given the prohibitive cost of recruiting large and diverse populations for genetic explorations in cancer research, there has been a call for genetic studies to engage existing cohorts of research participants. This strategy could lead to more efficient recruitment and potentially result in significant advances in the understanding of cancer etiology and treatment. The Learning About Research in North Carolina (LeARN) study responded to the National Human Genome Research Institute interest in research on how study participants from diverse populations who had participated in genetic research perceived the risks and benefits of participating in combined epidemiologic-genetic research, how well they understand the purpose of the research and the uses to which the research results may be put, and how involvement in such research affects perceptions of disease causality. In this paper we give an overview of the LeARN study, summarizing the methods we used, challenges we encountered, and lessons learned about recruiting participants who have previously participated in genetic research.

Corbie-Smith, G.; Blumenthal, C.; Henderson, G.; Garrett, J.; Bussey-Jones, J; Moloney, M.; Sandler, R.S.; Lloyd, S.W.; Dorrance, J.; Darter, J.

2011-01-01

292

Research in computer science: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the state of computer science (CS) research from the point of view of the following research questions: 1. What topics do CS researchers address? 2. What research approaches do CS researchers use? 3. What research methods do CS researchers use? 4. On what reference disciplines does CS research depend? 5. At what levels of analysis

Venkataraman Ramesh; Robert L. Glass; Iris Vessey

2004-01-01

293

A meta-evaluation of smoking cessation intervention research among pregnant women: improving the science and art.  

PubMed

In 1986 Windsor and Orleans described guidelines and standards to evaluate the quality of smoking cessation intervention research among pregnant women. This paper presents a meta-evaluation (ME) of the evaluation research in this area from 1986 to 1998. ME is defined as a systematic review of experimental and quasi-experimental evaluation research using a standardized set of methodological criteria to rate the internal validity--efficacy or effectiveness--of intervention results. Five criteria were used to rate 23 smoking cessation intervention studies among pregnant smokers in prenatal care: (1) evaluation research design, (2) sample representativeness, sample size and power estimation, (3) population characteristics, (4) measurement quality, and (5) replicability of interventions. Eleven studies had sufficient methodological quality to produce results of high internal validity. Poor measurement of smoking status, patient selection biases and incorrect calculation of quit rates were the major methodological weakness. Recommendations for future evaluation research are made. PMID:10186452

Windsor, R A; Boyd, N R; Orleans, C T

1998-09-01

294

The Evolution of Family Studies Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of methodological, theoretical, and topical trends in family studies research covers changes in definitions of family and in marriage, parent-child relationships, and family social ecology. Issues discussed include marital satisfaction, violence, social construction of gender, family-work relationship, parenting roles, socialization,…

Emery, Beth C.; Lloyd, Sally A.

2001-01-01

295

Interdisciplinary Study: Research as Part of Artmaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As education budgets shrink, art teachers need to find ways to position the study of art closer to mainstream academics by exploring concepts that cut across disciplinary boundaries. Art teachers can challenge students to do serious and thorough research about subject matter partnering with teachers in other areas to select subject matter that is…

Eubanks, Paula

2012-01-01

296

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving, and…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

297

Reye's Syndrome: A Review of Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical and pathological studies of Reye's syndrome indicate that symptoms range from influenza-related encephalitis-type disease to cranial pressure, cerebral edema, hemorrhage, and coma. Biochemical research on the blood, ammonia, and the liver is increasing in sophistication, and hopes for future insight into the etiology of Reye's syndrome…

Lopez, Thomas P.; And Others

1982-01-01

298

The Michigan Disability Prevention Study: Research Highlights  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 3-year collaborative research project was designed to provide empirical evidence to substantiate the impact of various employer policies and practices on the prevention and management of workplace disability. It studied a random sample of 220 Michigan establishments with more than 100 employees from seven different industries who responded to a mail survey in the first half of 1991. The

H. Allan Hunt; Rochelle Virginia Habeck

1993-01-01

299

Evolutionary Evaluation: Implications for evaluators, researchers, practitioners, funders and the evidence-based program mandate.  

PubMed

Evolutionary theory, developmental systems theory, and evolutionary epistemology provide deep theoretical foundations for understanding programs, their development over time, and the role of evaluation. This paper relates core concepts from these powerful bodies of theory to program evaluation. Evolutionary Evaluation is operationalized in terms of program and evaluation evolutionary phases, which are in turn aligned with multiple types of validity. The model of Evolutionary Evaluation incorporates Chen's conceptualization of bottom-up versus top-down program development. The resulting framework has important implications for many program management and evaluation issues. The paper illustrates how an Evolutionary Evaluation perspective can illuminate important controversies in evaluation using the example of the appropriate role of randomized controlled trials that encourages a rethinking of "evidence-based programs". From an Evolutionary Evaluation perspective, prevailing interpretations of rigor and mandates for evidence-based programs pose significant challenges to program evolution. This perspective also illuminates the consequences of misalignment between program and evaluation phases; the importance of supporting both researcher-derived and practitioner-derived programs; and the need for variation and evolutionary phase diversity within portfolios of programs. PMID:24780281

Urban, Jennifer Brown; Hargraves, Monica; Trochim, William M

2014-08-01

300

Ten year research update (2001-2010): evaluations for competence to stand trial (adjudicative competence).  

PubMed

This article reviews and evaluates publications during 2001-2010 with relevance for assessments of competence to stand trial, referred to in this article as adjudicative competence. The review focuses specifically on articles that provide new concepts or data supported by research or case analyses. The studies are reviewed under the following headings: (i) systemic issues, (ii) conceptual guidelines for AC evaluations, (iii) AC assessment methods, (iv) empirical correlates of AC judgments and psycholegal abilities, (v) quality of AC evaluations and reports, (vi) interpretive issues, (vii) special populations (defendants who are elderly, defendants with intellectual disabilities), (viii) AC evaluations of juveniles, and (ix) treatment of incompetent defendants. Suggestions are offered for further research to advance the quality of clinical evaluations of adjudicative competence. PMID:23348511

Fogel, Michael H; Schiffman, Wendy; Mumley, Denise; Tillbrook, Chad; Grisso, Thomas

2013-01-01

301

Social Studies. MicroSIFT Courseware Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of 11 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 3-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

302

Ground motion input in seismic evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

This report documents research pertaining to conservatism and variability in seismic risk estimates. Specifically, it examines whether or not artificial motions produce unrealistic evaluation demands, i.e., demands significantly inconsistent with those expected from real earthquake motions. To study these issues, two types of artificial motions are considered: (a) motions with smooth response spectra, and (b) motions with realistic variations in spectral amplitude across vibration frequency. For both types of artificial motion, time histories are generated to match target spectral shapes. For comparison, empirical motions representative of those that might result from strong earthquakes in the Eastern U.S. are also considered. The study findings suggest that artificial motions resulting from typical simulation approaches (aimed at matching a given target spectrum) are generally adequate and appropriate in representing the peak-response demands that may be induced in linear structures and equipment responding to real earthquake motions. Also, given similar input Fourier energies at high-frequencies, levels of input Fourier energy at low frequencies observed for artificial motions are substantially similar to those levels noted in real earthquake motions. In addition, the study reveals specific problems resulting from the application of Western U.S. type motions for seismic evaluation of Eastern U.S. nuclear power plants.

Sewell, R.T.; Wu, S.C.

1996-07-01

303

Langley Research Center standard for the evaluation of socket welds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A specification utilized for the nondestructive evaluation of socket type pipe joints at Langley Research Center (LaRC) is discussed. The scope of hardware shall include, but is not limited to, all common pipe fittings: tees, elbows, couplings, caps, and so forth, socket type flanges, unions, and valves. In addition, the exterior weld of slip on flanges shall be inspected using this specification. At the discretion of the design engineer, standard practice engineer, Fracture Mechanics Engineering Section, Pressure Systems Committee, or other authority, four nondestructive evaluation techniques may be utilized exclusively, or in combination, to inspect socket type welds. These techniques are visual, radiographic, magnetic particle, and dye penetrant. Under special circumstances, other techniques (such as eddy current or ultrasonics) may be required and their application shall be guided by the appropriate sections of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (B&PVC).

Berry, R. F., Jr.

1985-01-01

304

Evaluating the High School Lunar Research Projects Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Lunar Science and Exploration (CLSE), a collaboration between the Lunar and Planetary Institute and NASA's Johnson Space Center, is one of seven member teams of the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI). In addition to research and exploration activities, the CLSE team is deeply invested in education and outreach. In support of NASA's and NLSI's objective to train the next generation of scientists, CLSE's High School Lunar Research Projects program is a conduit through which high school students can actively participate in lunar science and learn about pathways into scientific careers. The objectives of the program are to enhance 1) student views of the nature of science; 2) student attitudes toward science and science careers; and 3) student knowledge of lunar science. In its first three years, approximately 140 students and 28 teachers from across the United States have participated in the program. Before beginning their research, students undertake Moon 101, a guided-inquiry activity designed to familiarize them with lunar science and exploration. Following Moon 101, and guided by a lunar scientist mentor, teams choose a research topic, ask their own research question, and design their own research approach to direct their investigation. At the conclusion of their research, teams present their results to a panel of lunar scientists. This panel selects four posters to be presented at the annual Lunar Science Forum held at NASA Ames. The top scoring team travels to the forum to present their research. Three instruments have been developed or modified to evaluate the extent to which the High School Lunar Research Projects meets its objectives. These three instruments measure changes in student views of the nature of science, attitudes towards science and science careers, and knowledge of lunar science. Exit surveys for teachers, students, and mentors were also developed to elicit general feedback about the program and its impact. The nature of science instrument is an open-ended, modified version of the Views of Nature of Science questionnaire. The science attitudes Likert-scale instrument is a modified version of the Attitudes Toward Science Inventory. The lunar science content instrument was developed by CLSE education staff. All three of these instruments are administered to students before and after their research experience to measure the program's impact on student views of the nature of science, attitudes toward science, and knowledge of lunar science. All instruments are administered online via Survey Monkey®. When asked if the program changed the way they view the Moon, 77.4% of students (n=53) replied "yes" and described their increase in knowledge of the formation of the Moon, lunar surface processes, etc. Just under half (41.5%) of the students reported that their experience in the program has contributed to their consideration of a career in science. When asked about obstacles teams had to overcome, teachers described issues with time, student motivation and technology. However, every teacher enthusiastically agreed that the authentic research experience was worthwhile to their students. Detailed evaluation results for the 2011-2012 program will be presented.

Shaner, A. J.; Shipp, S. S.; Allen, J.; Kring, D. A.

2012-12-01

305

Decentralized energy studies: compendium of international studies and research  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the compendium is to provide information about research activities in decentralized energy systems to researchers, government officials, and interested citizens. The compendium lists and briefly describes a number of studies in other industrialized nations that involve decentralized energy systems. A contact person is given for each of the activities listed so that interested readers can obtain more information.

Wallace, C.

1980-03-01

306

Women and the Crossroads of Science: Thoughts on Policy, Research, and Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this essay, the authors examine the crosscutting themes of this special issue as they pertain to policy, research, and evaluation of women and science. Past and current research, theory, frameworks, and programs are discussed in the context of challenges and innovations for methods and policy. The authors assert that the crossroads for gender equity studies lies at the intersection of science and society and argue for the need to build a base of cumulative knowledge for policy and practice.

Dietz, James S.; Anderson, Bernice; Katzenmeyer, Conrad

307

Design of an interactive informational program: Formative evaluation and experimental research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and evaluation of an interactive informational program is outlined in this article. Also reported is an integrated\\u000a research study which examines the effects of differing levels of orientation to an interactive informational program on user\\u000a confidence and attitudes.\\u000a \\u000a Research results indicate that a full orientation providing information, examples, practice, and feedback for various program\\u000a options can lead to

Mable B. Kinzie

1991-01-01

308

A framework for research evaluation in management science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major problem facing students undertaking postgraduate study is that of taking far greater responsibility for their own independent learning than was the case at undergraduate level. In managing this transition, educators must ensure that students are provided with the necessary tools. In particular, at postgraduate level, a strong emphasis is placed on research, yet most undergraduate courses will not

Brian Lehaney; Steve Clarke

1995-01-01

309

Content Validity in Evaluation and Policy-Relevant Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of content validity in policy-relevant research is illustrated in a study contrasting results of surveys concerning public opinion toward gun control. Inadequate content validity threatened inferences about the overall level of support for gun control, but not about opinion difference between sexes or respondents of varying political…

Mark, Melvin M.; And Others

1985-01-01

310

Mars Molecular and Isotopic Analysis Research Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recently, the Martian atmosphere and surface constituents have become of great interest. The Viking in situ gas chromatograph mass spectrometer experiment contributed greatly to our knowledge of the composition of the Martian atmosphere. However, important questions remain such as the abundance of water on Mars. The Viking experiment employed solid reagents to enhance their carbon measurements. Techniques of chemical conversion using simple solid reagents have advanced considerably in the past 20 years. In this investigation we researched the advancements in techniques to reversibly adsorb and desorb water and focused on the techniques potentially useful for the temperatures and pressures on the Martian surface. During the granting period from June 15, 1998 to August 14, 1998, a literature study of the material appropriate for use in a chemical conversion device and the availability of these materials were undertaken. The focus of this investigation was searching for methods and materials potentially useful in enhancing the measurements of water. Three different methods were considered for the means to extract water from a given gas sample. These methods included adsorption in a desiccant, adsorption on a clean metal surface, and adsorption in a carbon molecular sieve or zeolite. Each method was evaluated with feasibility and reversibility in mind. By far the simplest and perhaps cheapest way to remove water from a gaseous sample is by means of a bulk desiccant. Desiccants are commercially available from many companies including those that supply chemicals. The main feature of a desiccant is its ability to rapidly bind or absorb water from the atmosphere. Calcium chloride, for example, is frequently incorporated into drying tubes by organic chemists when reactions require the absence of water. Other desiccants include sodium hydroxide, calcium hydride, and commercial products such as Drierite, available from Aldrich Chemical. The disadvantage to most desiccants is a direct consequence of what makes them so advantageous. Desiccants rapidly and strongly bind water, often reacting chemically with it. This strong binding makes reversibly desorbing the water from the desiccant very difficult. The third method by which to absorb water from a gas sample involves the use of molecular sieves of other ziolites.

Manning, Heidi L. K.

1998-01-01

311

Triangulation in qualitative research: evaluation of completeness and confirmation purposes.  

PubMed

The term triangulation has been applied to research strategies intended to serve two distinct purposes, confirmation and completeness. Many researchers who claim to have used a triangulated approach fail to provide evidence to show that their approach contributed to either confirmation or completeness of the data set. This paper reviews these distinct purposes and describes how triangulation of qualitative and quantitative methods was built into a study to achieve them. Analysis of data related to a single construct illustrates how data generated by qualitative and quantitative methods can provide both convergent validity and a broader understanding of one's subject matter. PMID:8225358

Breitmayer, B J; Ayres, L; Knafl, K A

1993-01-01

312

Primary Irritation Evaluation Program Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eleven candidate repellents were evaluated on New Zealand White rabbits for their potential to cause skin and eye irritation. This was used as a basis for making the following recommendations concerning their use on humans. There are no restrictions for t...

S. Rowe

1969-01-01

313

Research on Synthetic Training: Device Evaluation and Training Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to evaluate a fixed-wing instrument procedures training device and to develop a training program for use with it. In the first, a group of trainees who received synthetic instrument flight training with the new device were compared with a control group who did not. Men trained with the device performed more…

Caro, Paul W.; And Others

314

Hazard Evaluation Division, Standard Evaluation Procedure: Teratology Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Standard Evaluation Procedure for the Teratology Studies is a guidance document primarily intended for Agency reviewers and the regulated industry who evaluate toxicologic effects data specified in 40 CFR Part 158.124. The SEP is also intended to prov...

L. D. Chitlik Q. Q. Bui G. J. Burin S. C. Dapson

1985-01-01

315

Farmers' Attitude towards a Participatory Research Method Used to Evaluate Weed Management Strategies in Bananas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, farmers were engaged in a participatory research project and their attitudes evaluated. The purpose was to identify the characteristics of farmers who are favourably predisposed towards meaningful participation in the process. Several cover crops were tested for possible use in the management of watergrass ("Commelina diffusa"), a…

Ganpat, Wayne G.; Isaac, Wendy-Ann P.; Brathwaite, Richard A. I.; Bekele, Isaac

2009-01-01

316

Applying Generalizability Theory To Evaluate Treatment Effect in Single-Subject Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An empirical investigation of methodological issues associated with evaluating treatment effect in single-subject research (SSR) designs is presented. This investigation: (1) conducted a generalizability (G) study to identify the sources of systematic and random measurement error (SRME); (2) used an analytic approach based on G theory to integrate…

Lefebvre, Daniel J.; Suen, Hoi K.

317

Evaluation of the IRAD sonic extensometers for application in the Canadian Underground Research Laboratory (FY 1983)  

SciTech Connect

This report supplements an earlier study that discussed the suitability of using the IRAD sonic extensometer in the Underground Research Laboratory proposed by the Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd. In particular, it addresses the first and fourth recommendations made in that report concerning the basic accuracy of the instrument and evaluation of the electronic circuitry, respectively.

Glenn, H.D.; Butler, L.S.

1983-09-01

318

Bridging the Gap between Research, Evaluation, and Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study organized a participatory action research team to investigate Council on Social Work Education policies and their effect on the teaching and production of evaluation at the master's level. Data were collected in the form of 282 theses, 27 surveys, and 7 telephone interviews with field instructors to examine the use of…

Davis, Sarita; Gervin, Derrick; White, Garrick; Williams, Aisha; Taylor, Angela; McGriff, Ebony

2013-01-01

319

Evaluating Community-Based Participatory Research to Improve Community-Partnered Science and Community Health  

PubMed Central

Background Since 2007, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) Policy Research Center (PRC) has partnered with the Universities of New Mexico and Washington to study the science of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Our goal is to identify facilitators and barriers to effective community–academic partnerships in American Indian and other communities, which face health disparities. Objectives We have described herein the scientific design of our National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded study (2009–2013) and lessons learned by having a strong community partner leading the research efforts. Methods The research team is implementing a mixed-methods study involving a survey of principal investigators (PIs) and partners across the nation and in-depth case studies of CBPR projects. Results We present preliminary findings on methods and measures for community-engaged research and eight lessons learned thus far regarding partnership evaluation, advisory councils, historical trust, research capacity development of community partner, advocacy, honoring each other, messaging, and funding. Conclusions Study methodologies and lessons learned can help community–academic research partnerships translate research in communities.

Hicks, Sarah; Duran, Bonnie; Wallerstein, Nina; Avila, Magdalena; Belone, Lorenda; Lucero, Julie; Magarati, Maya; Mainer, Elana; Martin, Diane; Muhammad, Michael; Oetzel, John; Pearson, Cynthia; Sahota, Puneet; Simonds, Vanessa; Sussman, Andrew; Tafoya, Greg; Hat, Emily White

2013-01-01

320

Evaluating the ergonomics of BCI devices for research and experimentation.  

PubMed

The use of brain computer interface (BCI) devices in research and applications has exploded in recent years. Applications such as lie detectors that use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to video games controlled using electroencephalography (EEG) are currently in use. These developments, coupled with the emergence of inexpensive commercial BCI headsets, such as the Emotiv EPOC ( http://emotiv.com/index.php ) and the Neurosky MindWave, have also highlighted the need of performing basic ergonomics research since such devices have usability issues, such as comfort during prolonged use, and reduced performance for individuals with common physical attributes, such as long or coarse hair. This paper examines the feasibility of using consumer BCIs in scientific research. In particular, we compare user comfort, experiment preparation time, signal reliability and ease of use in light of individual differences among subjects for two commercially available hardware devices, the Emotiv EPOC and the Neurosky MindWave. Based on these results, we suggest some basic considerations for selecting a commercial BCI for research and experimentation. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: Despite increased usage, few studies have examined the usability of commercial BCI hardware. This study assesses usability and experimentation factors of two commercial BCI models, for the purpose of creating basic guidelines for increased usability. Finding that more sensors can be less comfortable and accurate than devices with fewer sensors. PMID:22506831

Ekandem, Joshua I; Davis, Timothy A; Alvarez, Ignacio; James, Melva T; Gilbert, Juan E

2012-01-01

321

Project Selection and Research Evaluation Around the World since 1985. (1) Project Selection Methods: International Comparisons. (2) Policy Uses of 'Evaluation of Research' Literature.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) project on basic research for the 1990's the report looks at project selection and research evaluation. It consists of two separate documents. The first identifies, catalogs and describes major methods ...

R. Johnston

1990-01-01

322

Study on global cloud computing research trend  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since "cloud computing" was put forward by Google , it quickly became the most popular concept in IT industry and widely permeated into various areas promoted by IBM, Microsoft and other IT industry giants. In this paper the methods of bibliometric analysis were used to investigate the global cloud computing research trend based on Web of Science (WoS) database and the Engineering Index (EI) Compendex database. In this study, the publication, countries, institutes, keywords of the papers was deeply studied in methods of quantitative analysis, figures and tables are used to describe the production and the development trends of cloud computing.

Ma, Feicheng; Zhan, Nan

2014-01-01

323

MULTI THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES IN AN ABDUCTIVE ACTION RESEARCH STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an ongoing abductive research process with two researchers, with different educational background, involved in the same action research, thus having different theoretical perspectives on the study. The method of involving two researchers in the same study is not main stream in action research. The empirical data is analysed based on the two research perspectives and on parallel

Annika Olsson; Malin Olander

324

Synthetic vision display evaluation studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this research was to help us understand the display requirements for a synthetic vision system for the High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT). Four experiments were conducted to examine the effects of different levels of perceptual cue complexity in displays used by pilots in a flare and landing task. Increased levels of texture mapping of terrain and runway produced mixed results, including harder but shorter landings and a lower flare initiation altitude. Under higher workload conditions, increased texture resulted in an improvement in performance. An increase in familiar size cues did not result in improved performance. Only a small difference was found between displays using two patterns of high resolution texture mapping. The effects of increased perceptual cue complexity on performance was not as strong as would be predicted from the pilot's subjective reports or from related literature. A description of the role of a synthetic vision system in the High Speed Civil Transport is provide along with a literature review covering applied research related to perceptual cue usage in aircraft displays.

Regal, David M.; Whittington, David H.

1994-01-01

325

Involving Clients in Programme Evaluation and Research: A New Methodology for Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the relationship between occupational therapy and client involvement, examines the rationale for involving clients in program evaluation and research, and discusses how clients are involved in evaluation and research in today's mental health care setting. (Author)

Clark, Carrie; And Others

1993-01-01

326

45 CFR 690.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 690...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 690.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2013-10-01

327

15 CFR 27.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 27...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 27.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2009-01-01

328

38 CFR 16.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 16...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 16.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2013-07-01

329

28 CFR 46.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 46...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 46.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2013-07-01

330

49 CFR 11.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 11...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 11.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2013-10-01

331

22 CFR 225.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 225...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 225.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2009-04-01

332

32 CFR 219.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 219...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 219.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2013-07-01

333

22 CFR 225.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals. 225...HUMAN SUBJECTS § 225.123 Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals....

2013-04-01

334

Building Theories from Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of inducting theory using case studies-from\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Some features\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of the process, such as problem definition and construct validation,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009are similar to hypothesis-testing research. Others, such as within-case\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009analysis and replication logic, are unique to the inductive, case-oriented\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009process. Overall, the process described here is highly iterative\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and tightly

Kathleen M Eisenhardt

1989-01-01

335

Evaluating research for disruptive innovation in the space sector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many governmental space activities need to be planned with a time horizon that extends beyond the comfort zone of reliable technology development assessments and predictions. In an environment of accelerating technological change, a methodological approach to addressing non-core technology trends and potentially disruptive, game-changing developments not yet linked to the space sector is increasingly important to complement efforts in core technology R&D planning. Various models and organisational setups aimed at fulfilling this purpose are in existence. These include, with varying levels of relevance to space, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC, operational form 1998 to 2007 and recently re-established), the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency of the US Department of Defence, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Medialab, the early versions of Starlab, the Lockheed Skunk Works and the European Space Agency's Advanced Concepts Team. Some of these organisations have been reviewed and assessed individually, though systematic comparison of their methods, approaches and results have not been published. This may be due in part to the relatively sparse scientific literature on organisational parameters for enabling disruptive innovation as well as to the lack of commonly agreed indicators for the evaluation of their performance. Furthermore, innovation support systems in the space sector are organised differently than in traditional, open competitive markets, which serve as the basis for most scholarly literature on the organisation of innovation. The present paper is intended to advance and stimulate discussion on the organisation of disruptive innovation mechanisms specifically for the space sector. It uses the examples of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts and the ESA Advanced Concepts Team, analyses their respective approaches and compares their results, leading to the proposal of measures for the analysis and eventual evaluation of research for disruptive innovation in the space sector.

Summerer, L.

2012-12-01

336

Measuring productivity changes in economic evaluation: setting the research agenda.  

PubMed

Productivity costs related to illness may be relevant in assessing healthcare programmes for patients, as well as occupational interventions for workers. When performing an economic evaluation for both types of programmes, a sound methodology for measuring and valuing these productivity costs is essential. This article reviews research questions related to productivity and health, focusing on the costs of short-term absence from work, productivity costs without absence ('presenteeism') and possible compensation mechanisms and circumstances that may affect productivity costs. Furthermore, the important but under-explored relationship between productivity and QOL is analysed. Strategies for better answers on these research questions, such as developing more valid measurement instruments, are discussed. It is stressed that the analysis of productivity costs should not be restricted to the level of the individual patient and worker but extended to the level of teams of workers and firms. It may be advisable to explore several issues such as compensation mechanisms and efficiency losses in detail using employee questionnaires and consecutively applying the key elements in patient settings. It seems advisable to develop flexible, modular instruments for measuring and valuing absence from work, compensation mechanisms, efficiency loss and details of jobs and organisation in an integrative and consistent way. Further, it seems crucial to identify what determinants of jobs and organisations are the key factors in estimating productivity costs. This list of determinants could be mapped with a classification of jobs, to be used as a screener in patient questionnaires. PMID:15693727

Koopmanschap, Marc; Burdorf, Alex; Jacob, Karin; Meerding, Willem Jan; Brouwer, Werner; Severens, Hans

2005-01-01

337

Evaluation of hydro-mechanical pulsation for rocket injector research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Propulsion Research Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville has designed and built a hydro-mechanical pulsator to simulate the pressure fluctuations created by high frequency combustion instability. The pressure response characteristics were evaluated in an atmospheric test rig using filtered de-ionized water as the working fluid. The outlet of the pulsator was connected to a swirl injector post to provide downstream flow resistance. Previous low pressure and mass flow experimental data revealed a complex relationship between the control parameters and the pulsation response. For each test, the average mass flow rates of the waste water, water lost through the seals, and injector mass flow rates are measured. A dynamic pressure transducer at the pulsator exit measures and records the pressure waveform. Pulsation magnitude, reliability, repeatability, pulsation effects, and detailed variable control are examined. The data shows the pulsator is capable of generating 30% pulsation at 1575 Hz input. The repeatability of the pulsator is questionable because the standard deviations exceeded 40% of the average. The detailed data obtained during this research provides is sufficient to develop a pulsator tuning procedure for future applications.

Wilson, Matthew B.

338

Integrated circuit tester evaluation study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary AIMD test requirements for a small, inexpensive, commercially available, digital IC tester could be met by only one tester. This was the Automatic Fault Isolation Tester (AFIT) model 2050 manufactured by Testline Co. Many other testers were available that had the basic testing capability but were outside the price constraints or that were edge board testers. Bed-of-nails testers were not considered for AIMD use. The AFIT was submitted for technical and User Evaluations and demonstrated that it could detect faulty IC's on PC boards not coated with a conformal moisture-proofing compound. This fault detection ability was demonstrated for both the in-circuit and out-of-circuit modes of operation.

Stevens, P.

1980-03-01

339

SEASAT SAR performance evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of the SEASAT synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensor was evaluated using data processed by the MDA digital processor. Two particular aspects are considered the location accuracy of image data, and the calibration of the measured backscatter amplitude of a set of corner reflectors. The image location accuracy was assessed by selecting identifiable targets in several scenes, converting their image location to UTM coordinates, and comparing the results to map sheets. The error standard deviation is measured to be approximately 30 meters. The amplitude was calibrated by measuring the responses of the Goldstone corner reflector array and comparing the results to theoretical values. A linear regression of the measured against theoretical values results in a slope of 0.954 with a correlation coefficient of 0.970.

1982-01-01

340

Continence for women: evaluation of AWHONN's third research utilization project.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based protocol for initial evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence and to design procedures that would facilitate the protocol's implementation into clinical practice. DESIGN: Descriptive report of the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) Continence for Women Project. SETTING: Twenty-one public, private, and other women's health sites. Participants: Women in ambulatory care settings (N = 1474) provided demographic statistics. METHODS: The protocol was developed, sites were selected, site coordinator training was provided, data collection was facilitated by project-specific teleforms, and the overall process was evaluated by the science team. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Site representation, patient representation, site coordinator feedback on the training program, and site coordinator experience during project implementation. RESULTS: The process yielded a representative mix of site and patient diversity appropriate for testing of the protocol. Site coordinators felt well-prepared to implement the protocol and experienced increased professional satisfaction because of therapeutic benefits achieved for patients and positive collaboration with physicians. CONCLUSIONS: The Continence for Women Project demonstrated the potential for developing and testing evidence-based protocols for clinical practice when the resources of an organization such as AWHONN and the research community are combined. PMID:10729181

Sampselle; Wyman; Thomas; Newman; Gray; Dougherty; Burns

2000-03-01

341

Evaluation Criteria for Solid Waste Processing Research and Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary list of criteria is proposed for evaluation of solid waste processing technologies for research and technology development (R&TD) in the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. Completion of the proposed list by current and prospective ALS technology developers, with regard to specific missions of interest, may enable identification of appropriate technologies (or lack thereof) and guide future development efforts for the ALS Program solid waste processing area. An attempt is made to include criteria that capture information about the technology of interest as well as its system-wide impacts. Some of the criteria in the list are mission-independent, while the majority are mission-specific. In order for technology developers to respond to mission-specific criteria, critical information must be available on the quantity, composition and state of the waste stream, the wast processing requirements, as well as top-level mission scenario information (e.g. safety, resource recovery, planetary protection issues, and ESM equivalencies). The technology readiness level (TRL) determines the degree to which a technology developer is able to accurately report on the list of criteria. Thus, a criteria-specific minimum TRL for mandatory reporting has been identified for each criterion in the list. Although this list has been developed to define criteria that are needed to direct funding of solid waste processing technologies, this list processes significant overlap in criteria required for technology selection for inclusion in specific tests or missions. Additionally, this approach to technology evaluation may be adapted to other ALS subsystems.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, J. A.; Alazraki, M. P.

2001-01-01

342

FEHR-Practicum: A Computer-Simulation Approach to Teaching Research and Evaluation Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Formative Evaluation and Heuristic Research (FEHR) Practicum, a computer-simulated educational research and evaluation experience, was assessed as a means of improving participants' knowledge and skill in traditional research. Trainee activities include the preparation of preliminary surveys, evaluation proposals, budgets, computer commands,…

Shiffler, Nancy L.; And Others

343

Optical Fiber Image Evaluation Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Photographic studies of the imaging properties of multiple fibers were conducted utilizing a point target array. Photographic negatives of the target and image arrays are scanned with a microdensitometer, reducing the images to digital data. The digital d...

J. E. Desautels A. C. Williams L. E. Sahr

1970-01-01

344

The Use of Research To Inform the Evaluation of the Maryland Collaborative for Teacher Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a reflection on how the research program conducted in the Maryland Collaborative for Teacher Preparation (MCTP) informs the evaluation of the project. Three sections present an overview of the MCTP and the MCTP research program, a review of the literature on evaluation and research, and reflections on the use of MCTP research

McGinnis, J. Randy; Watanabe, Tad

345

Vaikuttavaa Tutkimusta. Arviointikaytantoja Julkisissa Tutkimusorganisaatioissa: Puolustusvoimien Teknillinen Tutkimuslaitos PVTT (Research with an Impact. Evaluation Practices in Public Research Organisations: Finnish Defence Forces Technical Research Centre PVTT).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication sets out the key findings of the research project on the societal impacts of Finnish Defence Forces Technical Research Centre (PVTT). The project sought to test and operationalize the model for societal impact evaluation developed by VTT ...

K. Hyytinen J. Konttinen

2006-01-01

346

Case Study: Ethical Guidance for Pediatric e-health Research Using Examples From Pain Research With Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective?The Internet is a frequently used platform for research in pediatric and health psychology. However, there is little pragmatic guidance as to ethical best practice of this research. The absence of guidance is particularly prominent for online research with children. Our objective is to outline ethical issues in e-health research with children and adolescents using two exemplar studies in pediatric pain research.?Methods?The first study is an asynchronous message board discussion amongst teenagers with pain who are frequent internet users.The second study is a web-based behavioral intervention for the management of adolescent pain.?Results?Each exemplar study is discussed in the context of specific ethical considerations related to recruitment, informed consent and debriefing, privacy and confidentiality, and participant safety. Ethical issues regarding the evaluation of online psychological interventions are also discussed.?Conclusions?Guidance on optimal ethical practice in e-health research is summarized.

Henderson, Ellen M.; Law, Emily F.; Palermo, Tonya M.

2012-01-01

347

Experiencing Evaluation: A Case Study of Girls' Dance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines action research that was undertaken as a part of a DfES Best Practice Research Scholarship (BPRS). The aims of the research were, firstly, to investigate how girls at Key Stage 3 and 4 feel about evaluating and being evaluated in dance and, secondly, to devise a range of evaluation tasks which enable pupils both to evaluate

Cassady, Helen; Clarke, Gill; Latham, Ann-Marie

2004-01-01

348

Useful, Used, and Peer Approved: The Importance of Rigor and Accessibility in Postsecondary Research and Evaluation. WISCAPE Viewpoints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, researchers, policymakers, and practitioners have perceived a tension between rigor and accessibility in quantitative research and evaluation in postsecondary education. However, this study indicates that both producers and consumers of these studies value high-quality work and clear findings that can reach multiple audiences. The…

Vaade, Elizabeth; McCready, Bo

2012-01-01

349

Serious Gaming for Behavioural Assessment and Research in Case of Emergency. An Evaluation of Experiments in Virtual Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human behaviour in fires is mainly studied by incident evaluations and real-life experiments, such as unannounced evacuation drills. The possibilities of virtual reality for studying human behaviour in fires are so far hardly adopted by researchers. Nevertheless, the application of a behavioural assessment and research tool (BART) in virtual reality is expected to be a valuable supplement on the existing

Margrethe Kobes; Nancy Oberijé; Karin Groenewegen; Ter Morsche

350

Developing health systems research capacities through north-south partnership: An evaluation of collaboration with South Africa and Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Over the past ten years, calls to strengthen health systems research capacities in low and middle income countries have increased. One mechanism for capacity development is the partnering of northern and southern institutions. However, detailed case-studies of north-south partnerships, at least in the domain of health systems research, remain limited. This study aims to evaluate the partnerships developed between

Susannah H Mayhew; Jane Doherty; Siriwan Pitayarangsarit

2008-01-01

351

CSM research: Methods and application studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computational mechanics is that discipline of applied science and engineering devoted to the study of physical phenomena by means of computational methods based on mathematical modeling and simulation, utilizing digital computers. The discipline combines theoretical and applied mechanics, approximation theory, numerical analysis, and computer science. Computational mechanics has had a major impact on engineering analysis and design. When applied to structural mechanics, the discipline is referred to herein as computational structural mechanics. Complex structures being considered by NASA for the 1990's include composite primary aircraft structures and the space station. These structures will be much more difficult to analyze than today's structures and necessitate a major upgrade in computerized structural analysis technology. NASA has initiated a research activity in structural analysis called Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM). The broad objective of the CSM activity is to develop advanced structural analysis technology that will exploit modern and emerging computers, such as those with vector and/or parallel processing capabilities. Here, the current research directions for the Methods and Application Studies Team of the Langley CSM activity are described.

Knight, Norman F., Jr.

1989-01-01

352

Co-evolution process between basic research and applied research: A case study of ?-TAS projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some preceding studies have investigated the co-evolution process of basic research and applied research, the actual interaction between them has not yet been closely observed. This study attempts to show the actual ways in which basic research and applied research interact with and influence each other, by a detailed case study of the mu-TAS (micro total analysis system) projects

Hideki Yoshida; Tadashi Sasa; Eiichi Maruyama

2009-01-01

353

Evaluation of the Project Studies in Social Studies Course of Secondary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate project studies in the 6th and 7th grades social studies courses of secondary schools according to opinions of students. This study is a descriptive research in the survey model. The sample is 880 students selected from 6th and 7th grades of 22 secondary schools randomly in central province of Kastamonu. As a…

Ibret, B. Unal; Recepoglu, Ergun; Karasu, Emine; Recepoglu, Serpil

2013-01-01

354

Low-level exertions of the neck musculature: A study of research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Musculoskeletal neck discomfort is prevalent in many occupations and has been the focus of much research employing surface electromyography (sEMG). Significant differences in experimental methods among researchers make comparisons across studies difficult. The goal of the current research was to use empirical methods to answer specific methodological questions concerning use of sEMG in evaluation of the neck extensor system. This

Sharon M. B. Joines; Carolyn M. Sommerich; Gary A. Mirka; James R. Wilson; Samuel D. Moon

2006-01-01

355

Embedded Research in Practice: A Study of Systemic Reform in Milwaukee Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the Study of Systemic Reform in Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS), an embedded research project that crossed the lines between objectivity and subjectivity, technical assistance and evaluation, and qualitative and quantitative research. The project created a collaboration between researchers at the Wisconsin Center for Education…

Webb, Norman L.

356

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2008 Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the last two weeks of October 2008, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2008 Desert Research and Technology Studies (D-RATS) near Flagstaff, AZ. The Desert RATS field test activity is the year-long culmination of various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The 2008 Desert RATS was the eleventh RATS field test and was the most focused and successful test to date with participants from six NASA field centers, three research organizations, one university, and one other government agency. The main test objective was to collect Unpressurized Rover (UPR) and Lunar Electric Rover (LER) engineering performance and human factors metrics while under extended periods of representative mission-based scenario test operations involving long drive distances, night-time driving, Extravehicular Activity (EVA) operations, and overnight campover periods. The test was extremely successful with all teams meeting the primary test objective. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2008 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations, and test results.

Romig, Barbara; Kosmo, Joseph; Gernhardt, Michael; Abercromby, Andrew

2009-01-01

357

Cognitive Performance Measures in Bioelectromagnetic Research - Critical Evaluation and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

Background The steady increase of mobile phone usage has led to a rising concern about possible adverse health effects of radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF EMF) exposure at intensities even below the existing safety limits. Accumulating evidence suggests that pulse-modulated RF EMF may alter brain physiology. Yet, whereas effects on the human electroencephalogram in waking and sleep have repeatedly been shown in recent years, results on cognitive performance are inconsistent. Methods This review compares 41 provocation studies regarding the effects of RF EMF exposure similar to mobile telephones on cognitive performance measures in humans. The studies were identified via systematic searches of the databases Pub Med and ISI Web of Science and were published in peer-reviewed journals between 1998 and the end of 2009. Results Based on a critical discussion within the scope of methodological standards it is concluded that state-of-the-art-methods in bio-electromagnetic research on RF EMF effects and cognition have neither been specified nor fully implemented over the last 10-11 years. The lack of a validated tool, which reliably assesses changes in cognitive performance caused by RF EMF exposure, may contribute to the current inconsistencies in outcomes. The high variety of findings may also be due to methodological issues such as differences in sample size and the composition of study groups, experimental design, exposure setup as well as the exposure conditions, and emphasizes the need for a standardized protocol in bioelectromagnetic research. Conclusions At present, no underlying biological mechanism has been identified which mediates the effects on brain functioning as observed in electroencephalographic (EEG) studies. A future aim must be to identify this mechanism as well as a reliable exposure protocol in order to gain more insights into possible behavioral and related health consequences of high-frequency EMF exposure.

2011-01-01

358

75 FR 35816 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...implications for practice and policy, and...on follow-up research, including additional...enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood...regarding future research efforts to inform...implementation of best practices in Head...

2010-06-23

359

Applying the Context, Input, Process, Product Evaluation Model for Evaluation, Research, and Redesign of an Online Master's Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate and redesign an online master's degree program consisting of 12 courses from the informatics field using a context, input, process, product (CIPP) evaluation model. Research conducted during the redesign of the online program followed a mixed methodology in which data was collected through a CIPP survey,…

Sancar Tokmak, Hatice; Meltem Baturay, H.; Fadde, Peter

2013-01-01

360

Researchers Complete Extensive Youth Smoking Prevention Study  

Cancer.gov

Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle have found that a curriculum-based approach to prevent youth smoking was ineffective when used alone in a school setting. Questions and Answers

361

The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study: Conceptual Framework and Evaluation Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the conceptual design, research framework, evaluation components, and analytic strategies that are guiding the evaluation of a demonstration-research effort, the American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST). The ASSIST evaluation is a unique analysis of the relationships among social context, public-health activity, tobacco use, and…

Stillman, Frances; Hartman, Anne; Graubard, Barry; Gilpin, Elizabeth; Chavis, David; Garcia, John; Wun, Lap-Ming; Lynn, William; Manley, Marc

1999-01-01

362

Lesson Study: Researching Learning about Teaching from Research Mathematics Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lesson study is a form of teacher professional development that is intrinsic to the Japanese educational system in first and second level schools and in teacher education. Lesson study has been credited with the success of Japanese pupils in international comparative tests of mathematics achievement (Stigler and Hiebert, 1999). It is gaining…

Corcoran, Dolores

2009-01-01

363

DESIGN ISSUES FOR EVALUATING SEEDLING EXPOSURE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Tree seedling studies, covering a wide range of experimental conditions in pollutant treatment, species, facilities, and exposure regimes, have become commonplace in forestry research for assessing the actual and potential environmental effects of air pollutants on forest ecosyst...

364

Improving Personnel Evaluation Processes: A Synthesis of Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School systems and social services agencies continue to grapple with personnel evaluation problems. One way to make personnel evaluation more useful is to improve the validity of evaluation judgments in appraising work performance. This paper proposes to: (1) review literature providing insight into evaluators' reasons for making inaccurate…

Michael, Price M.

365

Integrating utilization-focused evaluation with business process modeling for clinical research improvement.  

PubMed

New discoveries in basic science are creating extraordinary opportunities to design novel biomedical preventions and therapeutics for human disease. But the clinical evaluation of these new interventions is, in many instances, being hindered by a variety of legal, regulatory, policy and operational factors, few of which enhance research quality, the safety of study participants or research ethics. With the goal of helping increase the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical research, we have examined how the integration of utilization-focused evaluation with elements of business process modeling can reveal opportunities for systematic improvements in clinical research. Using data from the NIH global HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks, we analyzed the absolute and relative times required to traverse defined phases associated with specific activities within the clinical protocol lifecycle. Using simple median duration and Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis, we show how such time-based analyses can provide a rationale for the prioritization of research process analysis and re-engineering, as well as a means for statistically assessing the impact of policy modifications, resource utilization, re-engineered processes and best practices. Successfully applied, this approach can help researchers be more efficient in capitalizing on new science to speed the development of improved interventions for human disease. PMID:21552512

Kagan, Jonathan M; Rosas, Scott; Trochim, William M K

2010-10-01

366

Evaluation of an Indoor Sonic Boom Subjective Test Facility at NASA Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sonic boom simulator at NASA Langley Research Center has been constructed for research on human response to low-amplitude sonic booms heard indoors. Research in this facility will ultimately lead to development of a psychoacoustic model for single indoor booms. The first subjective test was designed to explore indoor human response to variations in sonic boom rise time and amplitude. Another goal was to identify loudness level variability across listener locations within the facility. Finally, the test also served to evaluate the facility as a laboratory research tool for studying indoor human response to sonic booms. Subjects listened to test sounds and were asked to rate their annoyance relative to a reference boom. Measurements of test signals were conducted for objective analysis and correlation with subjective responses. Results confirm the functionality of the facility and effectiveness of the test methods and indicate that loudness level does not fully describe indoor annoyance to the selected sonic boom signals.

Loubeau, Alexandra; Rathsam, Jonathan; Klos, Jacob

2011-01-01

367

Taking stock of four decades of quantitative research on stakeholder participation and evaluation use: A systematic map.  

PubMed

Stakeholder participation and evaluation use have attracted a lot of attention from practitioners, theorists and researchers. A common hypothesis is that participation is positively associated with evaluation use. Whereas the number of empirical studies conducted on this topic is impressive, quantitative research has held a minority position within this scientific production. This study mobilizes systematic review methods to 'map' the empirical literature that has quantitatively studied participation and use. The goal is to take stock and assess the strength of evidence of this literature (but not to synthesize the findings) and, based on this assessment, to provide directions for future research. PMID:24879310

Daigneault, Pierre-Marc

2014-08-01

368

Readability of the Written Study Information in Pediatric Research in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe aim was to evaluate the readability of research information leaflets (RIL) for minors asked to participate in biomedical research studies and to assess the factors influencing this readability.Methods and FindingsAll the pediatric protocols from three French pediatric clinical research units were included (N = 104). Three criteria were used to evaluate readability: length of the text, Flesch's readability score

Véronique Ménoni; Noël Lucas; Jean-François Leforestier; François Doz; Gilles Chatellier; Evelyne Jacqz-Aigain; Carole Giraud; Jean-Marc Tréluyer; Hélène Chappuy; Lisa Hartling

2011-01-01

369

Research Performed within the Non-Destructive Evaluation Team at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Non-destructive testing is essential in many fields of manufacturing and research in order to perform reliable examination of potentially damaged materials and parts without destroying the inherent structure of the materials. Thus, the Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) Team at NASA Glenn Research Center partakes in various projects to improve materials testing equipment as well as analyze materials, material defects, and material deficiencies. Due to the array of projects within the NDE Team at this time, five research aims were supplemental to some current projects. A literature survey of "DE and testing methodologies as related to rocks was performed. Also, Mars Expedition Rover technology was assessed to understand the requirements for instrumentation in harsh space environments (e.g. temperature). Potential instrumentation and technologies were also considered and documented. The literature survey provided background and potential sources for a proposal to acquire funding for ultrasonic instrumentation on board a future Mars expedition. The laboratory uses a Santec Systems AcousticScope AS200 acoustography system. Labview code was written within the current program in order to improve the current performance of the acoustography system. A sample of Reinforced Carbon/Carbon (RCC) material from the leading edge of the space shuttle underwent various non-destructive tests (guided wave scanning, thermography, computed tomography, real time x-ray, etc.) in order to characterize its structure and examine possible defects. Guided wave scan data of a ceramic matrix composite (CMC) panel was reanalyzed utilizing image correlations and signal processing variables. Additional guided wave scans and thermography were also performed on the CMC panel. These reevaluated data and images will be used in future presentations and publications. An additional axis for the guided wave scanner was designed, constructed, and implemented. This additional axis allowed incremental spacing of the previously fixed transducers for ultrasonic velocity measurements.

Burns, Erin A.

2004-01-01

370

Leading with integrity: a qualitative research study.  

PubMed

This research paper gives an account of a study into the relationship between leadership and integrity. There is a critical analysis of the current literature for effective, successful and ethical leadership particularly, integrity. The purpose and aim of this paper is to build on the current notions of leadership within the literature, debate contemporary approaches, focussing specifically on practices within the UK National Health Service in the early 21st century. This leads to a discussion of the literature on ethical leadership theory, which includes public service values, ethical relationships and leading with integrity. A small study was undertaken consisting of 18 interviews with leaders and managers within a District General HospitaL Using the Repertory Grid technique and analysis 15 themes emerged from the constructs elicited, which were compared to the literature for leadership and integrity and other studies. As well as finding areas of overlap, a number of additional constructs were elicited which suggested that effective leadership correlates with integrity and the presence of integrity will improve organisational effectiveness. The study identified that perceptions of leadership character and behaviour are used to judge the effectiveness and integrity of a leader. However, the ethical implications and consequences of leaders' scope of power and influence such as policy and strategy are somewhat neglected and lacking in debate. The findings suggest that leaders are not judged according to the ethical nature of decision making, and leading and managing complex change but that the importance of integrity and ethical leadership correlated with higher levels of hierarchical status and that it is assumed by virtue of status and success that leaders lead with integrity. Finally, the findings of this study seem to suggest that nurse leadership capability is developing as a consequence of recent national investment. PMID:15588012

Storr, Loma

2004-01-01

371

Minority Hypertension Research Development Summer Program Evaluability Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Minority Hypertension Research Development Summer Program provides minority institution faculty members and graduate students with the opportunity for research development in the area of hypertension. Awards were made to training centers with well-est...

1986-01-01

372

Insight into Evaluation Practice: A Content Analysis of Designs and Methods Used in Evaluation Studies Published in North American Evaluation-Focused Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To describe the recent practice of evaluation, specifically method and design choices, the authors performed a content analysis on 117 evaluation studies published in eight North American evaluation-focused journals for a 3-year period (2004-2006). The authors chose this time span because it follows the scientifically based research (SBR)…

Christie, Christina A.; Fleischer, Dreolin Nesbitt

2010-01-01

373

Current and future research in diagnostic criteria and evaluation of caries detection methods.  

PubMed

The biochemical definition of dental caries is reasonably understood and generally agreed upon, but there is no consensus on a clinical definition among dentists. There are many proposed diagnostic criteria of dental caries in the dental literature. The recently developed International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II) has been constructed to allow data comparison between studies. It can be used in epidemiological studies, public health research, clinical research, clinical practice and dental education. A good study evaluating a caries detection method should contain information on caries prevalence of the study sample and other measures, including sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). It is noteworthy that measuring sensitivity and specificity provides no quantitative information on how likely a tested tooth is to be carious because the true caries status of the tooth is not known in a clinical situation. Moreover, the study design for caries detection should address the interpretation of predictive values because PPV and NPV are affected by the caries prevalence. The study design should also measure patient-oriented outcomes, address allocation concealment and avoid lead-time bias to generate valid and clinically relevant studies. Prudent evaluation of caries detection methods is the standard of care. This paper reviews current diagnostic criteria for caries detection and discusses proper ways to evaluate new diagnostic methods. PMID:23534041

Chu, Chun Hung; Chau, Alex M; Lo, Edward C

2013-01-01

374

Transcript-based computer animation of movement: Evaluating a new tool for nonverbal behavior research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new approach for the use of computer animation in experimental nonverbal research is introduced. The method was evaluated\\u000a in a pilot study comparing video recordings of movement in dyadic interactions with computer animations based on transcripts\\u000a of the behavior, to determine whether similar impression effects could be obtained. At the core of our development is a software\\u000a tool allowing

Gary Bente; Anita Petersen; Nicole C. Krämer; Jan Peter de Ruiter

2001-01-01

375

The Role of Theory in Learning Technology Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts a fundamental analysis of the nature of research into e-learning and the role that theory plays in this. We examine "research" in broad terms, and the nature of phenomena in general. We identify that e-learning is an artificial phenomenon, and that research approaches need to be cognisant of the design elements in e-learning,…

Phillips, Rob; Kennedy, Gregor; McNaught, Carmel

2012-01-01

376

A Methodology for Evaluation Research on Introductory Psychology Subject Pools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research indicates that introductory psychology college students continue to be the primary source of subjects for psychological research. This extensive use of involuntary subjects in a required service subject pool raises numerous important questions for science and for educational and professional ethics. A general overview of research

Miller, Arden

377

State of health economic evaluation research in Saudi Arabia: a review  

PubMed Central

Background If evaluation of economic evidence is to be used increasingly in Saudi Arabia, a review of the published literature would be useful to inform policy decision-makers of the current state of research and plan future research agendas. The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical review of the state of health economic evaluation research within the Saudi context with regard to the number, characteristics, and quality of published articles. Methods A literature search was conducted on May 8, 2011 to identify health economic articles pertaining to Saudi Arabia in the PubMed, Embase, and EconLit databases, using the following terms alone or in combination: “cost*”, “economics”, “health economics”, “cost-effectiveness”, “cost-benefit”, “cost minimization”, “cost utility analysis”, and “Saudi”. Reference lists of the articles identified were also searched for further articles. The tables of contents of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal and the Saudi Medical Journal were reviewed for the previous 5 years. Results The search identified 535 citations. Based on a reading of abstracts and titles, 477 papers were excluded. Upon reviewing the full text of the remaining 58 papers, 43 were excluded. Fifteen papers were included. Ten were categorized as full economic evaluations and five as partial economic evaluations. These articles were published between 1997 and 2010. The majority of the studies identified did not clearly state the perspective of their evaluation. There are many concerns about the methods used to collect outcome and costs data. Only one study used some sort of sensitivity analysis to assess the effects of uncertainty on the robustness of its conclusions. Conclusion This review highlights major flaws in the design, analysis, and reporting of the identified economic analyses. Such deficiencies mean that the local economic evidence available to decision-makers is not very useful. Thus, building research capability in health economics is warranted.

Al-Aqeel, Sinaa A

2012-01-01

378

Studie om forskningsprosjekt vedroerende utslipp fra fly i oevre luftlag. (Study on research projects concerning aircraft emissions in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report from NILU (Norwegian Institute for Air Research) relates to a study on the level of air pollution from aircraft emissions. The study covers an evaluation of finished, ongoing or planned research projects comprising the effects from aircraft emi...

A. G. Kraaboel F. Stordal

1996-01-01

379

Evaluation of the Research in the Scope of the Proficiency of Teachers in Terms of Subject, Aim, Method, and Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was the evaluation of the researches that were conducted in our country on proficiency of the teachers in terms of subject, aim, method and results, and was to state the necessary points to be taken into consideration in the choice of methods. 21 researches in the scope of proficiency of teachers were examined for this…

Kaskaya, Alper

2012-01-01

380

Generating Criteria for Evaluating Teachers through Teacher Effectiveness Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: One of the major problems that confronts most educational systems concerns the need for developing a valid personnel evaluation system based on a strong theoretical framework. Unless the criteria for evaluating teachers emerge from tested theories on teacher and school effectiveness, evaluators cannot readily be accountable for how…

Kyriakides, Leonidas; Demetriou, Demetris; Charalambous, Charalambos

2006-01-01

381

Evaluation of NIPER thermal EOR research, state-of-the-art and research needs  

SciTech Connect

The Thermal Oil Production Research Group at NIPER has conducted research on behalf of the US Department of Energy on thermal methods of oil production (steam and for 1 year, in situ combustion) since 1983. Research projects performed by this group have attempted to adapt to the needs and direction of the DOE`s oil research program and that of industry. This report summarizes the research that has been conducted, analyses the contributions of the research, describes how the technology was transferred to potential users, analyzes current trends in thermal research and thermal oil production, and makes suggestions for future research where NIPER could contribute to advances in thermal oil production.

Sarathi, P.S.; Olsen, D.K.; Mahmood, S.M.; Ramzel, E.B.

1993-06-01

382

Commercialization of Research: A Case Study of Australian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research commercialization is a crucial aspect of technological innovation and is a complex socio-economic and technological process. This paper explores the commercialization of university research, drawing on an empirical study of the development of research commercialization by Australian universities. The study addresses three main research

Zhao, Fang

2004-01-01

383

Multi-KW dc distribution system technology research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Multi-KW DC Distribution System Technology Research Study is the third phase of the NASA/MSFC study program. The purpose of this contract was to complete the design of the integrated technology test facility, provide test planning, support test operations and evaluate test results. The subjet of this study is a continuation of this contract. The purpose of this continuation is to study and analyze high voltage system safety, to determine optimum voltage levels versus power, to identify power distribution system components which require development for higher voltage systems and finally to determine what modifications must be made to the Power Distribution System Simulator (PDSS) to demonstrate 300 Vdc distribution capability.

Dawson, S. G.

1978-01-01

384

Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) in Web-Based Classes: Preliminary Findings and a Call for Further Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student evaluation of teaching (SET) is important to faculty because SET ratings help faculty improve performance and are often used as the basis for evaluations of teaching effectiveness in administrative decisions (e.g., tenure). Researchers have conducted over 2,000 studies on SET during the past 70 years. However, despite the explosive growth…

Loveland, Karen A.

2007-01-01

385

The Value and Feasibility of Evaluation Research on Teacher Development: Contrasting Experiences in Sri Lanka and Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the value and feasibility of carrying out evaluation research on teacher development and uses as points of reference the author's experiences in two countries, Sri Lanka and Mexico. In Sri Lanka, an evaluation study was designed to understand the effectiveness and costs of teacher development at the elementary level linking…

Tatto, M. T.

2002-01-01

386

Study on the decommissioning of research reactor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Currently, KAERI operates TRIGA Mark-II and TRIGA Mark-III research reactors as a general purpose research and training facility. As these are, however, situated at Seoul office site of KAERI which is scheduled to be transferred to KEPCO as well as 30 MW ...

D. H. Suh K. S. Jun Y. D. Choi T. Y. Lee S. W. Kwon

1995-01-01

387

Joined-wing research airplane feasibility study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The joined wing is a new type of aircraft configuration which employs tandem wings arranged to form diamond shapes in plan view and front view. Wind-tunnel tests and finite-element structural analyses have shown that the joined wing provides the following advantages over a comparable wing-plus-tail system; lighter weight and higher stiffness, higher span-efficiency factor, higher trimmed maximum lift coefficient, lower wave drag, plus built-in direct lift and direct sideforce control capability. To verify these advantages at full scale a manned research airplane is required. A study has therefore been performed of the feasibility of constructing such an airplane, using the fuselage and engines of the existing NAA AD-1 oblique-wing airplane. Cost and schedule constraints favored converting the AD-1 rather than constructing a totally new airframe. By removing the outboard wing panels the configuration can simulate wings joined at 60, 80, or 100 percent of span. For maximum versatility the aircraft has alternative control surfaces (such as ailerons and elevators on the front and/or rear wings), and a removeable canard to explore canard/joined-wing interactions at high-lift conditions. Design, performance, and flying qualities are discussed.

Wolkovitch, J.

1984-01-01

388

The Advanced Technical Data Research Study. Phase I. Abstracts of Available Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Advanced Technical Data Research Study was implemented in March 1973. The objectives were to evaluate new techniques and devices for developing and transmitting the technical data required to operate and maintain weapon systems and to determine what n...

D. R. Duren

1973-01-01

389

Highway Rockfall Research. Section 1, Pilot Study. Section 2, Procedure Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research project is directed at developing and demonstrating a system for cost effectively evaluating and prioritizing highway rockfall hazards statewide. The pilot study produced a prototype computer-based highway rockfall hazard ranking system (CRAS...

B. Stover

1990-01-01

390

Employment Research in Brief: An Annotated Bibliography of ETA-Sponsored Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), Employment and Training Administration (ETA) sponsors numerous research studies, evaluations, and pilots and demonstrations on a broad range of topics relevant to the agency's mission. This annotated bibliography provid...

A. Mastri C. Wolfson E. Evans S. Pancratz

2011-01-01

391

Assessment of the Quality of Sampling Procedures Reported in Clinical Nursing Research: A Pilot Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pilot study assessed the reliability of an instrument specifically designed to assist in the scientific evaluation of the quality of clinical nursing research. This instrument also was used to identify the major errors in sampling in clinical nursing...

N. O. Gentry

1988-01-01

392

Bibliography of Research in Experiential Learning, Internships and Field Studies. PANEL Resource Paper #10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An annotated bibliography on the state of research in experiential learning covers sponsored field study, internships, or cooperative type placements at the postsecondary level. In addition to 4 studies in progress, 23 empirical research projects are described that concern program evaluation, developmental changes in students, program design, and…

Anderson, Jennifer, Comp.; Smith, Leslie, Comp.

393

Research and Legal Perspectives on the Implications of the Family Privacy Protection Act for Research and Evaluation Involving Minors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the Family Privacy Protection Act of 1995 and its potential impact on research and evaluation involving minors. Although this legislation was not passed, the issues related to both active and passive parental consent for the participation of minors in research are very much alive. (SLD)

Renger, Ralph; Gotkin, Vicki; Crago, Marjorie; Shisslak, Catherine

1998-01-01

394

Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)  

PubMed Central

Background The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement.

2011-01-01

395

Formative Ethnographic Research to Improve Evaluation of a Novel Water System in Ghana  

PubMed Central

The accessibility of potable water is fundamental to public health. A private for-profit company is installing kiosk-based drinking-water systems in rural and peri-urban villages in Ghana, and we evaluated their performance. Preceding an observational study to measure the effect of these kiosks on the incidence of water-related disease in recipient communities, we conducted ethnographic research to assess local water-related practices and the ways these practices would affect adoption of the new technology. We conducted fieldwork in two communities in Ghana and interviewed stakeholders throughout the water sector. Our findings illustrate the complexity of water-related behaviors and indicate several factors that may sustain disease transmission despite the presence of the new technology. This formative ethnographic research also improved the precision of our subsequent evaluation of the intervention by providing a site-specific, culturally-appropriate knowledge base. This study demonstrates the value of incorporating qualitative research techniques into evaluations of water-related projects.

Alcorn, Ted E.; Opryszko, Melissa C.; Schwab, Kellogg J.

2011-01-01

396

Tri-service Disability Evaluation Systems Database Analysis and Research Annual Report 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity (AMSARA) has provided the Department of Defense with evidence-based evaluations of accession standards since 1996. As part of this ongoing research activity, data are collected from each servi...

C. D. Blandford D. N. Cowan D. W. Niebuhr E. R. Packnett M. E. Gubata

2012-01-01

397

Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one instructor taught a research methods course (scientific

Patrick Shannon; Wooksoo Kim; Adjoa Robinson

2012-01-01

398

What Types of Designs Are We Using in Social Work Research and Evaluation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses a void in the literature about social work research and evaluation (R&E) designs, in particular related to the quality of its published work. Data were collected by reviewing three empirically oriented journals, "Research on Social Work Practice", "Journal of Social Service Research", and "Social Work Research" over three…

Holosko, Michael J.

2010-01-01

399

Mobility Environmental Research Study Mobility Testing Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Test procedures to be used for the evaluation of off-road vehicle mobility performance are presented. The development of a quantitative evaluation system represents an important step in the design of proper off-road vehicle tests. The procedures are prese...

R. A. Liston T. Czako P. Haley W. L. Harrison B. Hanamoto

1966-01-01

400

An organizational model to distinguish between and integrate research and evaluation activities in a theory based evaluation.  

PubMed

Theory-based evaluation (TBE) is an evaluation method that shows how a program will work under certain conditions and has been supported as a viable, evidence-based option in cases where randomized trials or high-quality quasi-experiments are not feasible. Despite the model's widely accepted theoretical appeal there are few examples of its well-implemented use, probably due to time and money limitations necessary for planning and a confusion over the definitions between research and evaluation functions and roles. In this paper, we describe the development of a theory-based evaluation design in a Math and Science Partnership (MSP) research project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). Through this work we developed an organizational model distinguishing between and integrating evaluation and research functions, explicating personnel roles and responsibilities, and highlighting connections between research and evaluation work. Although the research and evaluation components operated on independent budgeting, staffing, and implementation activities, we were able to combine datasets across activities to allow us to assess the integrity of the program theory, not just the hypothesized connections within it. This model has since been used for proposal development and has been invaluable as it creates a research and evaluation plan that is seamless from the beginning. PMID:22580233

Sample McMeeking, Laura B; Basile, Carole; Brian Cobb, R

2012-11-01

401

It's all about relationships: A qualitative study of health researchers' perspectives of conducting interdisciplinary health research  

PubMed Central

Background Interdisciplinary research has been promoted as an optimal research paradigm in the health sciences, yet little is known about how researchers experience interdisciplinarity in practice. This study sought to determine how interdisciplinary research was conceptualized and operationalized from the researcher's perspective and to better understand how best to facilitate interdisciplinary research success. Methods Key informant interviews were conducted with health researchers with expertise or experience in conducting interdisciplinary research. Interviews were completed either in person or over the telephone using a semi-structured interview guide. Data collection occurred simultaneously with data analysis so that emerging themes could be explored in subsequent interviews. A content analysis approach was used. Results Nineteen researchers took part in this study. Interdisciplinary research was conceptualized disparately between participants, and there was modest attention towards operationalization of interdisciplinary research. There was one overriding theme, "It's all about relationships", that emerged from the data. Within this theme, there were four related subthemes: 1) Involvement in interdisciplinary research; 2) Why do I do interdisciplinary research?; 3) Managing and fostering interdisciplinary relationships; and 4) The prickly side to interdisciplinary research. Together, these themes suggest that the choice to conduct interdisciplinary research, though often driven by the research question, is highly influenced by interpersonal and relationship-related factors. In addition, researchers preferred to engage in interdisciplinary research with those that they had already established relationships and where their role in the research process was clearly articulated. A focus on relationship building was seen as a strong facilitator of interdisciplinary success. Conclusion Many health researchers experienced mixed reactions towards their involvement in interdisciplinary research. A well thought-out rationale for interdisciplinary research, and strategies to utilize the contribution of each researcher involved were seen as facilitators towards maximizing the benefits that could be derived from interdisciplinary research.

Nair, Kalpana M; Dolovich, Lisa; Brazil, Kevin; Raina, Parminder

2008-01-01

402

FIRE (facilitating implementation of research evidence): a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Research evidence underpins best practice, but is not always used in healthcare. The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework suggests that the nature of evidence, the context in which it is used, and whether those trying to use evidence are helped (or facilitated) affect the use of evidence. Urinary incontinence has a major effect on quality of life of older people, has a high prevalence, and is a key priority within European health and social care policy. Improving continence care has the potential to improve the quality of life for older people and reduce the costs associated with providing incontinence aids. Objectives This study aims to advance understanding about the contribution facilitation can make to implementing research findings into practice via: extending current knowledge of facilitation as a process for translating research evidence into practice; evaluating the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of two different models of facilitation in promoting the uptake of research evidence on continence management; assessing the impact of contextual factors on the processes and outcomes of implementation; and implementing a pro-active knowledge transfer and dissemination strategy to diffuse study findings to a wide policy and practice community. Setting and sample Four European countries, each with six long-term nursing care sites (total 24 sites) for people aged 60 years and over with documented urinary incontinence Methods and design Pragmatic randomised controlled trial with three arms (standard dissemination and two different programmes of facilitation), with embedded process and economic evaluation. The primary outcome is compliance with the continence recommendations. Secondary outcomes include proportion of residents with incontinence, incidence of incontinence-related dermatitis, urinary tract infections, and quality of life. Outcomes are assessed at baseline, then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the start of the facilitation interventions. Detailed contextual and process data are collected throughout, using interviews with staff, residents and next of kin, observations, assessment of context using the Alberta Context Tool, and documentary evidence. A realistic evaluation framework is used to develop explanatory theory about what works for whom in what circumstances. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11598502.

2012-01-01

403

Documentation in Evaluation Research: Managerial and Scientific Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of documentation in the planning and control functions of project management is reviewed. The importance of documentation in the assessment of research quality with respect to objectivity, validity, and replicability is discussed. An outline of documentation required in different phases of research projects is provided. (Author/DWH)

Pollard, William E.; And Others

1985-01-01

404

Women's Erotic Rape Fantasies: An Evaluation of Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is the first systematic review of the research literature on women's rape fantasies. Current research indicates that between 31% and 57% of women have fantasies in which they are forced into sex against their will, and for 9% to 17% of women these are a frequent or favorite fantasy experience. Erotic rape fantasies are paradoxical: they do not

Joseph W. Critelli; Jenny M. Bivona

2008-01-01

405

Evaluating Factor Analysis Decisions for Scale Design in Communication Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factor analysis techniques offer the communication researcher a set of important tools for the development and substantiation of attitude and opinion scales. Often, however, crucial factoring decisions are based on convention or misunderstanding, leading to questionable conclusions. The purpose of this article is to offer the nontechnical communication researcher a foundation for making and defending rational factoring decisions that can

John T. Morrison

2009-01-01

406

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1994  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1994 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in San Francisco, California. The symposium was the seventh annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA's Biosystem...

407

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1993  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1993 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in Dallas, Texas The symposium was the sixth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducts (by EPA's Biosystems Technology Dev...

408

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1995  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1995 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in Rye Brook, New York. he symposium was the eighth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA's Biosystems Technol...

409

National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program. Final Evaluation Report, September 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

WestEd conducted an evaluation of the National Science Foundation's Graduate Research Fellowship (GRF) Program. This evaluation was designed to inform ongoing NSF efforts to strengthen its programs and support the agency's commitment to make optimal use o...

S. S. Goldsmith J. B. Presley E. A. Cooley

2002-01-01

410

Research on risk evaluation arithmetic based on modularization model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analytic hierarchy process is an important quantizing evaluation model approach for risk evaluation, but it also exist some variable to make quantize difficult and the calculation amount increase with the complex degree of system become more deeply. The fuzzy synthesis judgment introduces the fuzzy concept into the risk evaluation, solves the problem of difficult to quantize of risk evaluation in some degree, but it is not enough intuitive for evaluating result corresponding to the subsystem, and lack of guidance meaning for structure designing and maintaining the actual system security. The paper introduces M-REM (modularization based risk evaluation model) method. It breaks up the large system into several modules, and every model has corresponding evaluation entities. Model risk is obtained by computing the risk of evaluation entity and expert marking method, agglomeration analysis method, entropy method and weight average method are applied to resolve the important variable (weight) when computing risk. According to realization of the weight arithmetic of important factors and the analysis of evaluation result, M-REM could efficiently exert delaminating and parallel of the layered model method and implement the instructing effect on safe structure designing and maintaining for actual system.

Liu, Yiliang; Wei, Lily

2007-12-01

411

The case for applying an early-lifecycle technology evaluation methodology to comparative evaluation of requirements engineering research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The premise of this paper is taht there is a useful analogy between evaluation of proposed problem solutions and evaluation of requirements engineering research itself. Both of these application areas face the challenges of evaluation early in the lifecycle, of the need to consider a wide variety of factors, and of the need to combine inputs from multiple stakeholders in making thse evaluation and subsequent decisions.

Feather, Martin S.

2003-01-01

412

Oasis Connections: Results from an Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based basic computer and Internet training program designed for older adults, provide recommendations for program refinement, and gather preliminary information on program sustainability. Design and Methods: The program was developed by the OASIS Institute, a nonprofit…

Czaja, Sara J.; Lee, Chin Chin; Branham, Janice; Remis, Peggy

2012-01-01

413

Compendium of JTPA and Related Evaluation Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the findings of currently available evaluation studies of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) and other related reports and data. Data from 26 studies conducted between 1980 and 1986 are presented under the following subject headings: the state role (monitoring and oversight, policy interpretation and leadership,…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

414

TARRANT COUNTY EVALUATION STUDY { FINAL REPORT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study described in this report is one component of a larger ef- fort to evaluate the efiectiveness of a regional syndromic surveillance reporting network in North Central Texas that is currently housed in the o-ces of the Tarrant County Public Health Department (Fort Worth, Texas). In the cur- rent study, we aimed to assess the ability of the surveillance

DAVID BUCKERIDGE; AMAN VERMA; DAVID SIEGRIST

415

Principles of Research Tissue Banking and Specimen Evaluation from the Pathologist's Perspective  

PubMed Central

Human tissue biorepositories have an increasingly visible and important role within industrial enterprises in supporting biomedical research, including the rapidly advancing fields of proteomics, pharmacogenomics, and molecular epidemiology. Pathologists play a vital but often underrecognized role in the operation of these tissue banks. Besides interpreting studies that arise from banked samples, pathologists are needed to characterize tissues for research, to conduct quality assurance programs, to assist with resource allocation decisions, and to serve an educational role for investigators using the tissues. This article describes these key principles and illustrates examples where pathologist involvement is crucial to biorepository management. Of overarching importance, pathologists play a critical role in helping biorepository users understand the principles of specimen evaluation (histologic and structural composition of tissues, and their limitations) so as to optimize the scientific benefit of the tissues. In conclusion, greater involvement of pathologists in research tissue banking will enhance the scientific utility of biorepositories.

2010-01-01

416

Applying social, behavioral and evaluation research to developing country HIV prevention programs.  

PubMed

The campaign against HIV/AIDS has been hindered by a disjunction between behavioral research and the design of preventive interventions. A review was conducted of over 400 social, behavioral, and evaluation studies conducted as part of Family Health International's AIDS Control and Prevention Project in 45 countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia in 1992-1997. Program-related research showed a shift from repetitive studies of knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) to studies that yielded tangible information on how people change. Extensive use was made of findings from focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and baseline and follow-up KAP surveys to design culturally relevant interventions. Behavioral research evolved over time from a focus on traditional high-risk groups to broader populations such as adolescents and women. Most research continues to be descriptive, conducted in response to urgent program needs (e.g., for baseline data), and focused on individuals rather than social organizations. Valid assessment of the effectiveness of behavior change interventions presents numerous methodological and evaluation problems, including the bias inherent in self-report data, an inability to attribute behavioral changes to specific interventions, and the insensitivity of HIV prevalence as an indicator of short-term behavior change. However, the results of controlled intervention studies attest that prevention had had a substantial impact on HIV knowledge, attitudes toward those infected with HIV, perceptions of individual risk, and sex behavior among target groups. Continued triangulation of the results of a variety of sources and methodologies will reduce systemic bias in the research data. PMID:9792367

MacNeil, J M; Hogle, J

1998-01-01

417

Engagement in Authentic Geoscience Research: Evaluation of Research Experiences of Undergraduates and Secondary Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the effects of a program involving authentic research on the participants' interest in research, career plans, and attitudes on science. The findings are from the first year of a three-year program funded by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. In three out of four projects, participants increased their interest in research, with two-thirds planning to change career plans to become more research-oriented. The implications of these findings for providing authentic research opportunities are discussed.

Jarrett, Olga; Burnley, Pamela

2003-01-01

418

Evaluation and Research on Green Strength of Reverse Logistics System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on characteristics of reverse logistics system and combined with the concept of green manufacturing and design, in this paper, the concept of green strength is put forward, the evaluation index system of green strength of reverse logistics is established, and green strength of reverse logistics is comprehensively evaluated by means of two-level fuzzy analytic hierarchy process, which has a

Sheng Zeng; Wei Yu

2009-01-01

419

Research on Competitiveness Evaluation and Improvement of Group Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Group companies play an important role in the development of Chinese economy. It has been an important way of strategic management to evaluate the competitiveness of group companies and to find out ways to improve it. This paper constructs a group company competitiveness evaluation indicator system through the selection and rational analysis of indicators. By determining the optimal indicator weights

Geng Yun-jiang

2010-01-01

420

Summary of 2008 CUAA Chinese University Evaluation and Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2002, the University Evaluation Task Force of China University Alumni Association Network (CUAA), "University Weekly" and "21st Century Talent Report" have made joint efforts in the evaluation of higher education institutions in China. Compared with the ranking in 2007, China's University Ranking in the 2008 report is different mainly due to…

Deguo, Zhao; Yanhou, Cai; Yongjun, Feng; Lingfeng, Wang

2009-01-01

421

Research on comprehensive evaluation of enterprises knowledge management capabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge management is an important part of enterprise management in the 21st century. Knowledge management evaluation is a guiding tool for knowledge management practice, it can effectively track the implementation of knowledge management, measure the practice level of knowledge management, and evaluate the performance of knowledge management and capability levels; the process of which will help guide the development of

Qi Rong-guang; Liu Shi-jie

2010-01-01

422

Rough Rock School Evaluation, Spring 1974. Research and Evaluation Report Series No. 03.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting the findings of five different evaluators and/or evaluation teams, this 1974 evaluation of the Navajo Rough Rock Demonstration School is organized as follows: (1) an evaluation of Rough Rock's administration; (2) a followup report re the 1972 Rough Rock Evaluation Report; (3) a list of the curriculum evaluation criteria; (4) an…

Hopkins, Thomas R.; And Others

423

Establishing a Research Agenda for Art Therapy: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Art therapy in the United States is a young profession that would benefit from an identified research agenda to marshal resources more effectively to address gaps in the knowledge base. This article describes a Delphi study of U.S. art therapy researchers who were surveyed on research priorities for the profession. The research panelists were…

Kaiser, Donna; Deaver, Sarah

2013-01-01

424

Collaborative Research: The Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study as an Example of Collaborative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Alphabetic Braille Contracted Braille Study in relation to the dimensions of collaborative research: extent, intensity, substance, heterogeneity, velocity, formality, and productivity. It also discusses the dimensions of financing research and researchers' attitudes. The overall consensus is that the study would not have…

Wormsley, Diane P.; Emerson, Robert Wall; Erin, Jane

2011-01-01

425

76 FR 44593 - Identifying the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's Science and Research Needs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...hopes to stimulate research and foster collaborations with external partners and stakeholders...hopes to stimulate research and foster collaborations with external partners and stakeholders...incorporated as appropriate into plans for collaborations and potential external partners...

2011-07-26

426

An Evaluation of Health Research Methodology in the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the research being conducted in health care is essential to being an effective manager. Using databases such as Medline and Pub Med, provided by the National Institute of Health, and selecting the criteria of keywords \\

A. Irene Gamalski

2008-01-01

427

Evaluation of Research Performance and Scientometric Indicators in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese scientists and decision makers are, like their counterparts elsewhere in the world, highly interested in analysing the quality of their country’s academic and technological achievements. Twenty five years ago research activities Chinese scientists understood the world’s scientific research largely through journals consulted in libraries. in China were mainly conducted within the nation’s borders. Chinese scientists understood the world’s scientific

Bihui Jin; Ronald Rousseau

428

[The positioning of nursing research in the academic studies: the origin and development of qualitative and quantitative studies].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to discuss the historical context of qualitative and quantitative research so as to explain the principle of qualitative study and examine the positioning of nursing research within academic study as a whole. This paper guides the readers towards the historical context from empirical science, discusses the influences of qualitative and quantitative research on nursing research, then investigates the nature of research paradigms, examines the positioning of nursing research, which includes the characteristics of fields such as natural science, humanity and social studies, and science, and lastly, presents the research standard proposed by Yardley in 2000. The research paradigms include Positivism, Postpositivism, Criticism, and Constructivism, which can be compared with Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The nature of the paradigm is to determine the assumption of the paradigm on the basis of Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The paradigm determines how the researcher views the world and decides on what to answer, how to research, and how to answer. The difference in academic environment is reflected in the long-term dialogue between qualitative and quantitative studies, as well as the standard for criticism. This paper introduces the method of evaluation of the quality of qualitative study proposed by Yardley in 2002, namely the sensitivity of the context, the promise and conscientiousness, transparency and consistency, influence and significance. The paper is intended to provide a guideline for readers in evaluating the quality of qualitative study. PMID:16432800

Lu, Pei-Pei; Ting, Shing-Shiang; Chen, Mei-Ling; Tang, Woung-Ru

2005-12-01

429

Performance Evaluation for Tenured Faculty: Issues and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of selected institutions concerning the use of performance evaluation for tenured and nontenured faculty suggests much confusion and opinion about the issue, but more receptivity than has been presumed, warranting further experimentation. (MSE)

Reisman, Bernard

1986-01-01

430

Assessment Study of an Undergraduate Research Training Abroad Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Old Westbury Neuroscience International Research Program (OWNIP) encourages undergraduate students from health disparities populations and underrepresented minorities to pursue careers in basic science, biomedical, clinical, and behavioral health research fields. To evaluate this program, several measures were used tracked through an online…

Nieto-Fernandez, Fernando; Race, Kathryn; Quarless, Duncan A.

2013-01-01

431

The Reliability of Auditor Judgments: A Meta-evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reliability of evaluators' judgments was investigated, using a discrepancy evaluation model within a program evaluation context. Two research problems were addressed: the degree of evaluator reliability in detecting and rating problems in federal educational project planning, management, and evaluation; and the relationship between inter-judge…

Bergquist, Constance C.

432

Embedded Science: Critical Analysis of Abstinence-Only Evaluation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1982, more than US$1 billion have been spent through federally sponsored abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs, including nearly $800 million between 2001 and 2006, during the presidency of George W. Bush. With this increased funding has come pressure to evaluate the impact of AOUM programs. In 1998, a federally funded evaluation of AOUM programming was commissioned to assess its impact on

Sara I. McClelland; Michelle Fine

2008-01-01

433

Why Join an Autism Research Study?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author's daughter has an autism spectrum disorder, as well as numerous other medical conditions. Like all parents of kids with special needs, she has spent enormous amounts of time and energy on hospital stays, therapies, and advocacy. She has also taken some time to participate in research. First and foremost, she wants to be aware of the…

Schoenfeld, Jane

2011-01-01

434

Research Revisited: Early Word Recognition Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the 1886 reading research findings of J. McK. Cattell, and their confirmation by E. B. Huey in 1908; points to considerations that militate against accepting the Cattell/Huey evidence on word recognition processes as support for pedagogical practice. (GT)

Kamil, Michael L.

1980-01-01

435

Program for transfer research and impact studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The progress made in achieving TRIS research objectives during the first six months of 1972 is reviewed. The Tech Brief-Technical Support Package Program and technology transfer profiles are presented along with summaries of technology transfer in nondestructive testing, and visual display systems.

Kottenstette, J. P.; Rusnak, J. J.; Staskin, E. R.

1972-01-01

436

WATER MIST FIRE SUPPRESSION RESEARCH: LABORATORY STUDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The water mist program at the U. S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is an integrated effort for understanding water mist fire suppression, augmenting water mist effectiveness, observing water mist suppression in intermediate and large scale environments, and addressing implementation issues. This technology-based approach will lead to fire protection design guidance for military ship requirements, which are more challenging than

J. W. FLEMING; B. A. WILLIAMS; R. S. SHEINSON; W. YANG; R. J. KEE

437

Research: Annotated Bibliography of New Canadian Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of twenty-one research reports that provide knowledge about various cultures and educational experiences of the major ethnic groups in the Toronto schools is designed to present information for not only special English teachers, but other school personnel as well. The bibliography consists of reports that aim to: 1)…

Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.

438

The Role of Ethnographic Interviewing in Climate Change Evaluation Research: Investigating Intended and Unintended program effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ethnographic interviewing is an under-utilized tool in climate change evaluation research, even though it has the potential to serve as a powerful method of data collection. The utility of the ethnographic interview lies in its ability to elicit responses from program participants describing what a program is in practice, shedding light on both intended and unintended program impacts. Drawing on evaluation work involving a federally-funded climate change grant at the University of California, Riverside, I will discuss how to design an ethnographic interview protocol in an effort to share "best practices" with other climate change evaluators. Particular attention will be given to applying ethnographic approaches to various program types, even those differing from the one discussed. I will share some of the concrete findings from my work on this grant, to serve as examples of the kinds of data evaluators can collect when employing an ethnographic approach to interviewing. UC Riverside's climate change grant is multi-faceted, however the component studied ethnographically was a science fair mentoring program. About twenty K-12 students from high poverty, ethnically diverse schools who expressed an interest in participating in science fair were paired up with graduate student mentors to simultaneously research climate change and design authentic science fair projects to compete at various levels. Since one of the stated goals of the grant is to "stimulate…students to consider climate science as a career track through experiential education activities" I was particularly interested in how student experiences with the project might differ from school science which has historically "pushed out" ethnically diverse students like those in many of Riverside's schools. (In the program students are able to interact one-on-one with a mentor and in school settings there is typically one teacher for more than thirty students). I also sought to understand student perceptions of the project design and implementation and how these perceptions might influence their thinking about science as a career. Further, I aimed to explore how mentor pedagogical philosophies might impact student experiences with the projects, since the scholarly literature supports the idea that teaching practices are linked to student success and interest in science. The key to ethnographic interviewing, which sets it apart from survey research and other interviewing styles is that the evaluator or researcher designs guided, yet open-ended questions, allowing informants to discuss what is important to them. This type of questioning affords the researcher the opportunity to ascertain whether or not the grant met some of its intended goals and impacts, while simultaneously granting participants the freedom to discuss unintended impacts not anticipated by the principal investigator and evaluator.

Lloro-Bidart, T.

2012-12-01

439

Project Monitoring and Evaluation: An Enhancing Method for Health Research System Management  

PubMed Central

Background: Planning, organizing, staffing, leading and monitoring are the basic functional component of management. In present article, we aim to define the project monitoring and evaluation in health research system (HRS) considering its success and challenges based on our national experience. Methods: In this study based on the information of annual Medical Science Universities evaluation during the last decade the HRS indicators have been scored in three axes based on HRS functions: Stewardship, capacity building and knowledge production. In this article, we will focus on the results of HRS evaluation from 2002 to 2010, also on its success and challenges. Results: In an overall view, the main results are the experiences of the designing and implantation of such process after pre-project preparation, all parts followed under the whole supervision of the aims of the HRS evaluation. Project management light the way of practical application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques for better HRS evaluation and management. Conclusions: We concluded that; although monitoring and evaluation as an essential part of HRS Management light the improvement ahead way but we still need to advantage of the new project management advances.

Djalalinia, Shirin; Owlia, Parviz; Malekafzali, Hossein; Ghanei, Mostafa; Babamahmoodi, Abdolreza; Peykari, Niloofar

2014-01-01

440

Consortium benchmarking: Collaborative academic–practitioner case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consortium benchmarking is a scholar–practitioner collaborative case study approach joining rigor and relevance in management research. In consortium benchmarking practitioners and academic researchers form a consortium and together benchmark best-practices. Consortium benchmarking includes practitioners as co-researchers, facilitating research relevant for both academics and practitioners. Rigorous research informs the entire process since consortium benchmarking collects evidence from multiple sources and uses

Holger Schiele; Stefan Krummaker

2011-01-01

441

A Swiss Example: The Evaluation of Teaching and Research Units at the University of Geneva.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Main features of the cyclical procedure used by the University of Geneva (Switzerland) to evaluate 75 teaching and research units (TRUs) over a 6-year cycle are that it covers teaching, research, and services simultaneously and combines self-evaluation, peer assessment, and use of a database on TRU resources and achievements. (Author/MSE)

Roulet, Eddy

1994-01-01

442

A Narrative Review of Greek Myths as Interpretative Metaphors in Educational Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews a series of Greek myths put forward as cultural narratives that could be used as metaphors or interpretative similes for explanatory and evaluative purposes in educational research and evaluation. These myths have been used in educational research literature, and most of them were found by carrying out an exhaustive search of…

Fernandez-Cano, Antonio; Torralbo, Manuel; Vallejo, Monica; Fernandez-Guerrero, Ines M.

2012-01-01

443

Assessing Student Perception of Practice Evaluation Knowledge in Introductory Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the use of the Practice Evaluation Knowledge Scale (PEKS) to assess student perception of acquisition and retention of practice evaluation knowledge from an undergraduate research methods class. The authors sampled 2 semesters of undergraduate social work students enrolled in an introductory research methods course.…

Baker, Lisa R.; Pollio, David E.; Hudson, Ashley

2011-01-01

444

Research and Evaluation in Operational Competency-Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a collection of papers presented at a 1974 conference on research and evaluation in operational competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. Two conceptual models for research and evaluation of CBTE activities were presented at the conference and the presentations of these models are the first two chapters of this collection: "A…

Dickson, George E., Ed.

1975-01-01

445

Telecommunications Systems and Evaluation Research. Using SocNet and PoliNet as Examples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the role of microcomputers as communication devices in evaluation research. The capabilities of two new international computer networks, SocNet and PoliNet, are described to illustrate how the evaluation research community can begin to adapt to this alternative mode of professional communication. (BS)

Howell, Frank M.; And Others

1986-01-01

446

FEHR-PRACTICUM: A Computerized Game to Simulate Experience in Educational Research and Evaluation. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project represents the first year of a proposed two-year program to develop FEHR-PRACTICUM (Formative Evaluation and Heuristic Research), a computerized game which simulates experience in a research evaluation assistantship or practicum. In the game teams of from two to five players are given the task of finding the "best" among several…

Collet, LeVerne S.; And Others

447

Beginning Interpretative Inquiry: A Step-by-Step Approach to Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Beginning Interpretive Inquiry" importantly makes the distinction between the use of "inquiry" rather than interpretive research or interpretive evaluation. Richard Morehouse explores how inquiry is a far more inclusive concept that allows for a detailed understanding of both research and evaluation. The author draws on his personal experiences…

Morehouse, Richard

2011-01-01

448

Evaluation of the Northern Squawfish Management Program : Final Report of Research, 1990-1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the final report of research conducted from 1990-96 by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) to evaluate Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) project 90-077, the Northern Squawfish Management Program (NSMP). The Summary of Project summarizes and integrates the results, conclusions, and recommendations of the evaluation. The report contains research papers that describe how we addressed project

David L

1998-01-01

449

The National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs. Review of Research: Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a review of research pertaining to federally subsidized school nutrition programs are presented in this report. The review of research, the first phase of the National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs, is intended to provide guidance for the design of subsequent evaluation (including student, parent, and food administrator…

Nelson, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

450

The Use of Multiple Research Methodologies to Evaluate an Inservice Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preliminary results of four of six research methodologies used to evaluate a professional development curriculum in an urban school are described and reported. The paper begins with a discussion of the social systems model underlying the project, a brief summary of the transactional evaluation scheme used to direct research efforts, a…

Schwartz, Henrietta; And Others

451

The case for case studies in management research  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly asserted that qualitative research in the organizational sciences lacks the rigor and objectivity of the quantitative approach. Case studies, while commonly used for educational purposes, have been viewed in a less favorable light in terms of research. This paper suggests that case studies represent an important research track in organizational science, not only as a method of

Eric Patton; Steven H. Appelbaum

2003-01-01

452

Superintendent Evaluation: What AASA's Study Discovered  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings of a snapshot study of the superintendency conducted by the American Association of School Administrators (AASA). The findings revealed that superintendents were evaluated highly by their boards, but the number of leaders who received the highest ratings have declined during the past six years. The report, which…

Glass, Thomas E.

2007-01-01

453

Individualized Study Program. Interim Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of an evaluation of the Individualized Study Program (ISP), a 2-year pilot program at the Learning Skills Center (LSC) of the University of California, Davis, are presented. The program target group were disadvantaged students who had not met the university's entrance requirements. The ISP, which is designed to improve retention of…

Tom, Alice K.

454

Methane Conversion Process Evaluations: Screening Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this screening study is to select three methane to liquid hydrocarbon processes and to define the design bases to be used for a more detailed design and cost evaluation. Emphasis is placed on direct conversion processes (avoiding the use ...

1988-01-01

455

The Challenge of Studying Evaluation Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses why evaluation has a field has not studied its own theory systematically and examines the tensions between the often-cited claim of K. Lewin that there is noting as practical as a good theory and the response of M. Fullan that there is nothing as theoretical as good practice. (Author/SLD)

King, Jean A.

2003-01-01

456

Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic.

2013-01-01

457

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2011-07-01

458

75 FR 46957 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Research Plan for an Evaluation of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB Research Plan for an Evaluation of the...on the subject proposal. This research is intended to help HUD better...lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Research Plan for an Evaluation of...

2010-08-04

459

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2013-07-01

460

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2012-07-01

461

LOC Federal Research Division: Country Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Research Division (FRD) provides customized research and analytical services on foreign and domestic topics to United States Government and District of Columbia agencies. This Web site "presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world and examines the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors." The online books can be searched or browsed by particular country and include everything from a country profile, history, and physical environment description to economy, government, and national security information. Perhaps the most unique part of the site is an attempt to include only lesser known areas, making the conglomeration a good source of uncommon knowledge.

462

Development of a School Nursing Research Agenda in Florida: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is important to the image, visibility, and viability of school nursing. Each state school nursing association should evaluate member commitment to school nursing research based on their unique set of financial, educational, and organizational resources. A 3-round Delphi study was conducted in which Florida school nurses identified…

Gordon, Shirley C.; Barry, Charlotte D.

2006-01-01

463

76 FR 17130 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the...

2011-03-28

464

76 FR 76417 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the...

2011-12-07

465

76 FR 789 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...improve Head Start and other early childhood programs by enhancing the use of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally, the Committee will...practices in Head Start and other early childhood programs around the...

2011-01-06

466

The Evaluation of the National Partnership Project in England: Processes, Issues and Dilemmas in Commissioned Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the processes, issues and dilemmas involved in evaluation research undertaken in the context of changing and evolving government policy in education. The article is grounded in an evaluation of the National Partnership Project (NPP), the team conducted on behalf of England's Teacher Training Agency (TTA) in 2004-2005. It will…

Campbell, Anne; McNamara, Olwen; Furlong, John; Lewis, Sarah F.; Howson, John

2007-01-01

467

Clinical Research of HIV Vaccine Studies on Chimpanzees.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This contract involves clinical research of vaccine studies on Chimpanzees. Twelve chimpanzees housed in the LEMSIP facility are assigned to this project involving research on HIV vaccine efficacy. These animals are part of a 'dynamic' pool whereby chimpa...

A. W. Rowe E. Muchmore

1994-01-01

468

Validity of clinical associations of biomarkers in translational research studies: the case of systemic autoimmune diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Validity of biomarkers may be affected if studies do not include certain features in their design. We evaluated whether translational research studies of potential biomarkers incorporated design features important for valid clinical associations. METHODS: We searched 10 journals for translational studies in six systemic autoimmune diseases published in 2004 through 2009. We included studies that reported associations between laboratory

Maria G Tektonidou; Michael M Ward

2010-01-01

469

Evaluation of the Pacific CHILD Professional Development Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pacific Communities with High-performance in Literacy Development (Pacific CHILD) Professional Development Model research project was initiated in response to an overwhelming need in PREL's Pacific service region for improvement of teachers' knowledge and instructional practices in early reading. This report examines the question of the…

Chesswas, Roger; Keir, Scott S.; Leung, Eunice; Terada, Wayne

2005-01-01

470

Monoculture on the Intellectual Landscape: Research Performance Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The metaphor of "monoculture on the intellectual landscape" is used to analyse the effects of large-scale research management regimes. The metaphor of "monoculture on the intellectual landscape", derived from Shiva's "monocultures of the mind", is developed and illustrated with respect to gender and ethnicity. The paper then discusses the…

Ruth, Damian

2010-01-01

471

An evaluation of human factors research for ultrasonic inservice inspection  

SciTech Connect

This work was undertaken to determine if human factors research has yielded information applicable to upgrading requirements in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, improving methods and techniques in Section V, and/or suggesting relevant research. A preference was established for information and recommendations which have become accepted and standard practice. Manual Ultrasonic Testing/Inservice Inspection (UT/ISI) is a complex task subject to influence by dozens of variables. This review frequently revealed equivocal findings regarding effects of environmental variables as well as repeated indications that inspection performance may be more, and more reliably, influenced by the workers` social environment, including managerial practices, than by other situational variables. Also of significance are each inspector`s relevant knowledge, skills, and abilities, and determination of these is seen as a necessary first step in upgrading requirements, methods, and techniques as well as in focusing research in support of such programs, While understanding the effects and mediating mechanisms of the variables impacting inspection performance is a worthwhile pursuit for researchers, initial improvements in industrial UTASI performance may be achieved by implementing practices already known to mitigate the effects of potentially adverse conditions. 52 refs., 2 tabs.

Pond, D.J.; Donohoo, D.T.; Harris, R.V. Jr.

1998-03-01

472

An Integrated Model for Counseling Research, Education and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research and development model--the Counselor Repertoire Development (CRD) System--in counselor education is proposed which would provide systematic procedures for providing trainees with a variety of empirically validated, appropriately sequenced learning experiences for the achievement of operationally defined performance objectives. The model…

Pepyne, Edward W.

473

Evaluating Children's Use of Symbol in Some Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a number of examples of what appeared to be recurring symbolic expressions of spirituality found in my recent research into the spiritual experiences of children in Victorian State primary schools. These expressions appeared in drawings and in conversation. In this paper I use hermeneutic phenomenology and a multidisciplinary…

Moriarty, M. Wyn

2009-01-01

474

Post-occupancy evaluation of academic and research library facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the findings of an indicative assessment of the major technical and functional elements of performance, carried out on the main academic and research library of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Published literature has been analyzed to review knowledge areas pertaining to the

Mohammad A. Hassanain; Ali A. Mudhei

2006-01-01

475

PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON DEATH ATTITUDES: AN OVERVIEW AND EVALUATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and the relationship of death concern to

ROBERT A. NEIMEYER; JOACHIM WITTKOWSKI; RICHARD P. MOSER

2004-01-01

476

Psychological Research on Death Attitudes: An Overview and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and…

Neimeyer, Robert A.; Wittkowski, Joachim; Moser, Richard P.

2004-01-01

477

Treatment Integrity in Psychotherapy Research: Analysis of the Studies and Examination of the Associated Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment integrity refers to the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended. Two studies evaluated the adequacy of treatment integrity procedures (including establishing, assessing, evaluating, and reporting integrity; therapist treatment adherence; and therapist competence) implemented in psychotherapy research, as well as…

Perepletchikova, Francheska; Treat, Teresa A.; Kazdin, Alan E.

2007-01-01

478

Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one…

Shannon, Patrick; Kim, Wooksoo; Robinson, Adjoa

2012-01-01