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1

Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are evaluated. The three mixed research studies

Nancy L. Leech; Amy B. Dellinger; Kim B. Brannagan; Hideyuki Tanaka

2010-01-01

2

Research Governance and the Role of Evaluation: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a comparative study of the United Kingdom and Spain, this article addresses the effect of different research governance structures on the functioning and uses of research evaluation. It distinguishes three main evaluation uses: distributive, improvement, and controlling. Research evaluation in the United Kingdom plays important…

Molas-Gallart, Jordi

2012-01-01

3

Research, Demonstration and Evaluation Studies - 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed are approximately 80 projects funded by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. Among projects are demonstration treatment centers, innovative demonstration centers, demonstration resource centers, training demonstrations, and research projects. Information on each project usually includes the following: project number, title, brief…

National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHEW/OHD), Washington, DC.

4

Ensuring Data Quality in Extension Research and Evaluation Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a checklist as a guide for Extension professionals to use in research and evaluation studies they carry out. A total of 40 statements grouped under eight data quality components--relevance, objectivity, validity, reliability, integrity, generalizability, completeness, and utility--are identified to ensure that research

Radhakrishna, Rama; Tobin, Daniel; Brennan, Mark; Thomson, Joan

2012-01-01

5

Success Case Studies Contribute to Evaluation of Complex Research Infrastructure  

PubMed Central

The success case studies approach examines in depth what works well in a program by describing cases and examining factors leading to successful outcomes. In this paper, we describe the use of success case studies as part of an evaluation of the transformation of a health sciences research support infrastructure. Using project-specific descriptions and the researchers’ perceptions of the impact of improved research infrastructure, we added depth of understanding to the quantitative data required by funding agencies. Each case study included an interview with the lead researcher, along with review of documents about the research, the investigator and their collaborators. Our analyses elucidated themes regarding contributions of the Clinical and Translational Science Awards(CTSA)program of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to scientific achievements and career advancement of investigators in one academic institution. PMID:23925705

Moberg, D. Paul

2013-01-01

6

Teaching Undergraduate Nursing Research: A Narrative Review of Evaluation Studies and a Typology for Further Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of eight studies evaluating strategies for teaching nursing research found they emphasized contextual rather than internal or external validity. A typology for research on teaching strategies was proposed using the categories of purpose, methodological assumptions, types of validity, and sample size. (Contains 45 references.) (SK)

Porter, Eileen J.

2001-01-01

7

78 FR 70102 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies; Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...that the Clinical Science Research and Development...Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee will hold...Director of the Clinical Science Research and Development...review, discussion, and evaluation of research and development...Manager, Regulation Policy and Management,...

2013-11-22

8

A Historical Reflection on Research Evaluation Studies, Their Recurrent Themes and Challenges. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report critically examines studies of how scientific research drives innovation which is then translated into socio-economic benefits. It focuses on research evaluation insights that are relevant not only to the academic community, but also to policymakers and evaluation practitioners--and particularly to biomedical and health research

Marjanovic, Sonja; Hanney, Stephen; Wooding, Steven

2009-01-01

9

Citation ranking versus peer evaluation of senior faculty research performance: A case study of Kurdish scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between citation ranking and peer evaluation in assess- ing senior faculty research performance. Other studies typically derive their peer evaluation data directly from referees, often in the form of ranking. This study uses two additional sources of peer evaluation data: citation content analysis and book review content analysis. Two main

Lokman I. Meho; Diane H. Sonnenwald

2000-01-01

10

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by running the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people.…

Taylor, Brian; Wylie, Emma; Dempster, Martin; Donnelly, Michael

2007-01-01

11

Issues in Research on Evaluation: Improving the Study of Transition Programs for Adolescents with Handicaps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report, which is part of a series, contains seven papers concerned with long range improvement of evaluation of transitional programs serving handicapped youth and young adults. Papers have the following titles, authors, and concerns: "Needed Research on Evaluation: Improving the Study of Transition Programs for Adolescents with Handicaps" by…

Stake, Robert E.

12

Quantitative Study of the Value of Research Libraries: A Foundation for the Evaluation of Digital Libraries  

E-print Network

Quantitative Study of the Value of Research Libraries: A Foundation for the Evaluation of Digital Libraries Paul B. Kantor and Tefko Saracevic LIS and Rutgers Distributed Laboratory for Digital Libraries School of Communication, Information and Library Studies Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ {kantor

13

Evaluating the Impact of Environmental Interpretation: A Review of Three Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three research studies examined the impact of environmental interpretation programs on the environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of student participants. Conducted by Indiana University's Department of Recreation and Park Administration, the studies evaluated variables related to entry level (awareness), ownership, and empowerment…

Knapp, Doug

14

Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS): Treatment Evaluation Research in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is known about typical drug abuse treatment outcomes comes from a series of large-scale national prospective longitudinal treatment evaluation studies supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse over the past 3 decades. An overview of the historical context, research design, and findings from the Drug Abuse Reporting Program (DARP) and the Treatment Outcome Prospective Study (TOPS)

Bennett W. Fletcher; Frank M. Tims; Barry S. Brown

1997-01-01

15

Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on the objective and object of evaluation. The amount of empirical studies on evaluation of OHSs or OHS activities that met the non-restrictive inclusion criteria, was remarkably limited. Most of the 52 studies were more descriptive than evaluative. The methodological quality of most studies was not high. A differentiated picture of the evidence of effectiveness of OHSs arises. Occupational health consultations and occupational rehabilitation are hardly studied despite much time spent on the consultation by occupational physicians in most countries. The lack of effectiveness and efficiency of the pre-employment examination should lead to its abandonment as a means of selection of personnel by OHSs. Periodic health monitoring or surveillance, and education on occupational health hazards can be carried out with reasonable process quality. Identification and evaluation of occupational health hazards by a workplace survey can be done with a high output quality, which, however, does not guarantee a favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Although rigorous study designs are not always applicable or feasible in daily practice, much more effort should be directed at the scientific evaluation of OHSs and OHS instruments. To develop evidence-based occupational health care the quality of evaluation studies should be improved. In particular, process and outcome of consultation and rehabilitation activities of occupational physicians need to be studied more.   PMID:10474531

Hulshof, C. T.; Verbeek, J. H.; van Dijk, F. J.; van der Weide, W. E.; Braam, I. T.

1999-01-01

16

Organising, Providing and Evaluating Technical Training for Early Career Researchers: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the importance of providing technical training opportunities for Early Career Researchers (ECRs) worldwide through the case study of a MATLAB training programme, which was proposed, organised, managed and evaluated by a team of five ECRs at the University of Southampton. The effectiveness of the programme in terms of the…

van Besouw, Rachel M.; Rogers, Katrine S.; Powles, Christopher J.; Papadopoulos, Timos; Ku, Emery M.

2013-01-01

17

Evaluation of Evaluation Studies Using Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Work Literature (1990-2003): Evidence that Constitutes a Wake-Up Call  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the quality of evaluation studies using qualitative research methods in the social work literature in terms of a number of criteria commonly adopted in the field of qualitative research. Method: Using qualitative and evaluation as search terms, relevant qualitative evaluation studies from 1990 to 2003 indexed by…

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Tang, Vera M. Y.; Han, X. Y.

2005-01-01

18

Evaluating institutional capacity for research ethics in Africa: a case study from Botswana  

PubMed Central

Background The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been initiated to strengthen the capacity for research ethics in LMIC. However, most such programs focus on individual training or development of ethics review committees. The objective of this paper is to present an approach to institutional capacity assessment in research ethics and application of this approach in the form of a case study from an institution in Africa. Methods We adapted the Octagon model originally used by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency to assess an organization along eight domains in research ethics: basic values and identity; structure and organization; ability to carry out activities; relevance of activities to stated goals; capacity of staff and management; administrative, financing and accounting systems; its relations with target groups; and the national context. We used a mixed methods approach to collect empirical data at the University of Botswana from March to December 2010. Results The overall shape of the external evaluation Octagon suggests that strengths of the University of Botswana are in the areas of structure, relevance, production and identity; while the university still needs more work in the areas of systems of finance, target groups, and environment. The Octagons also show the similarities and discrepancies between the 'external' and 'internal' evaluations and provide an opportunity for exploration of these different assessments. For example, the discrepant score for 'identity' between internal and external evaluations allows for an exploration of what constitutes a strong identity for research ethics at the University of Botswana and how it can be strengthened. Conclusions There is a general lack of frameworks for evaluating research ethics capacity in LMICs. We presented an approach that stresses evaluation from both internal and external perspectives. This case study highlights the university's rapid progress in developing research ethics capacity and points to some notable areas for improvement. We believe that such an empirically-driven and participatory assessment allows a more holistic measurement and promotion of institutional capacity strengthening for research ethics in LMICs. PMID:23899301

2013-01-01

19

Evaluating quantitative research reports.  

PubMed

As a novice reviewer, it is often difficult to trust your evaluation of a research report. You may feel uncertain in your interpretations. These are common concerns and can be remedied by reading and discussing research reports on research listservs, through journal clubs, or with other nephrology nurses. Practice using the criteria for research report evaluation and you too can perfect critiquing a research report! PMID:15787085

Russell, Cynthia L

2005-01-01

20

Systematic literature review to evaluate and characterize the health economics and outcomes research studies in India  

PubMed Central

Aim: This systematic literature review was conducted to identify, evaluate, and characterize the variety, quality, and intent of the health economics and outcomes research studies being conducted in India. Materials and Methods: Studies published in English language between 1999 and 2012 were retrieved from Embase and PubMed databases using relevant search strategies. Two researchers independently reviewed the studies as per Cochrane methodology; information on the type of research and the outcomes were extracted. Quality of reporting was assessed for model-based health economic studies using a published 100-point Quality of Health Economic Studies (QHES) instrument. Results: Of 546 studies screened, 132 were included in the review. The broad study categories were cost-effectiveness analyses [(CEA) 54 studies], cost analyses (19 studies), and burden of illness [(BOI) 18 studies]. The outcomes evaluated were direct and indirect costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Direct medical costs assessed cost of medicines, monitoring costs, consultation and hospital charges, along with direct non-medical costs (travel and food for patients and care givers). Loss of productivity and loss of income of patients and care givers were identified as the components of indirect cost. Overall, 33 studies assessed the quality of life (QoL), and the WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) was the most commonly used instrument. Quality assessment for modeling studies showed that most studies were of high quality [mean (range) QHES score to be 75.5 (34-93)]. Conclusions: This review identified various patterns of pharmacoeconomic studies and good-quality CEA studies. However, there is a need for better assessment of utilization of healthcare resources in India. PMID:25657899

Mishra, Divya; Nair, Sunita R.

2015-01-01

21

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center. Progress Report of Research Studies, 1966-1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The studies which comprise this report are as follows: (a) Document 1, Development of the Matrix Test by Herbert Zimiles and Harvery Asch (PS 001 072); (b) Document 2, Studies of the Social Organization of Head Start Centers by Donald Horton and others (PS 001 073); (c) Document 3, An Experimental Approach to Studying Non-Verbal Representation in…

Zimiles, Herbert; Horton, Donald

22

Evaluating Prior Scholarship in Literature Reviews of Research Articles: A Comparative Study of Practices in Two Research Paradigms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations of prior scholarship play a crucial role in the literature review (LR) of a research article by showing how the boundary of an area of inquiry can be further advanced by the writer's work. Yet, many inexperienced writers find evaluating others' work a major challenge. Although the task has received some attention in research and…

Kwan, Becky S. C.; Chan, Hang; Lam, Colin

2012-01-01

23

A Case Study of a Community-Based Participatory Evaluation Research (CBPER) Project: Reflections on Promising Practices and Shortcomings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instrumental case study documents a community-based participatory evaluation research (CBPER) project that involved a community partner, two graduate students, a faculty member, and an external funder. It highlights the fact that a participatory evaluation model is a viable way to conduct community-based research (CBR) when a community…

Puma, Jini; Bennett, Laurie; Cutforth, Nick; Tombari, Chris; Stein, Paul

2009-01-01

24

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,  

E-print Network

Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

Utrecht, Universiteit

25

Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…

Glick, Ashley

2010-01-01

26

Evaluative Criteria for College Reading-Study Research. College Reading and Learning Assistance Technical Report 84-02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues pertaining to research on college reading and study skills programs are analyzed, based on a literature review. It is suggested that before educators can provide quality instruction, they need to differentiate practices that are conducive to learning. Evaluative criteria are needed to make such decisions, as well as to design and evaluate

Stahl, Norman A.; And Others

27

Evaluating performance feedback: a research study into issues of credibility and utility for nursing clinicians.  

PubMed

Performance feedback is information provided to employees about how well they are performing in their work role. The nursing profession has a long history of providing formal, written performance reviews, traditionally from a manager to subordinate, with less formal feedback sources including peers, clients and multidisciplinary team members. This paper is based on one aspect of a PhD research study exploring the dynamics of performance feedback primarily from the nursing clinicians' perspective. The research reported here discusses the impact of the social relationship (between the source and recipient of performance feedback) on the recipient's evaluation of feedback as being 'credible' and 'useful' for self-assessment. Focus group interviews were utilised to ascertain the nursing clinicians' perspectives of performance feedback. Thematic analysis of the data was informed by the Social Phenomenology of Alfred Schutz (1967) specifically his theories of intersubjective understanding. Findings supported the level of familiarity between the feedback source and the nursing clinician as a significant criterion influencing the acceptance or rejection of feedback. Implications for the selection of performance feedback sources and processes within nursing are discussed. PMID:17929745

Fereday, Jennifer; Muir-Cochrane, Eimear

2004-01-01

28

An Evaluation Methodology for Longitudinal Studies of Short-Term Cancer Research Training Programs.  

PubMed

The need to familiarize medical students and graduate health professional students with research training opportunities that cultivate the appeal of research careers is vital to the future of research. Comprehensive evaluation of a cancer research training program can be achieved through longitudinal tracking of program alumni to assess the program's impact on each participant's career path and professional achievements. With advances in technology and smarter means of communication, effective ways to track alumni have changed. In order to collect data on the career outcomes and achievements of nearly 500 short-term cancer research training program alumni from 1999-2013, we sought to contact each alumnus to request completion of a survey instrument online, or by means of a telephone interview. The effectiveness of each contact method that we used was quantified according to ease of use and time required. The most reliable source of contact information for tracking alumni from the early years of the program was previous tracking results, and for alumni from the later years, the most important source of contact information was university alumni records that provided email addresses and telephone numbers. Personal contacts with former preceptors were sometimes helpful, as were generic search engines and people search engines. Social networking was of little value for most searches. Using information from two or more sources in combination was most effective in tracking alumni. These results provide insights and tools for other research training programs that wish to track their alumni for long-term program evaluation. PMID:25412722

Padilla, Luz A; Venkatesh, Raam; Daniel, Casey L; Desmond, Renee A; Brooks, C Michael; Waterbor, John W

2014-11-22

29

Evaluating the Consent Preferences of UK Research Volunteers for Genetic and Clinical Studies  

PubMed Central

Objectives To establish the views of research volunteers on the consent process; to explore their views on the consent process in different research scenarios; to inform debate on emerging models of consent for participation in research. Design, Setting and Participants 2,308 adult volunteers from the TwinsUK Registry (www.twinsuk.ac.uk) completed an online survey about their views on the consent process for use of their DNA and medical information in research. Their views on the re-consenting process in different scenarios were assessed. Results The majority of volunteers preferred to be informed of the identity of the main researcher of a study in which they are participating, which is contrary to current practice. Over 80% were willing to complete the consent process online instead of face to face. On the whole, respondents did not view their DNA differently from their medical information with regard to the consent process. Research participants were more willing to give broad consent to cover future research if their DNA was to be used by the original researcher than by another researcher, even if the disease under investigation varied, in contrast to the traditional ‘gold standard’ whereby specific consent is required for all new research projects. Discussion In some scenarios, research participants reported that they would be comfortable with not signing a new consent form for future research uses of their data and DNA, and are comfortable with secure, online consent processes rather than traditional face-to-face consent processes. Our findings indicate that the perceived relationship between research participants and researchers plays an important role in shaping preferences regarding the consent process and suggest that this relationship is not captured by traditional consent processes. We argue that the development of new formats of consent should be informed by empirical research on volunteers’ perceptions and preferences regarding the consent process. PMID:25761107

Kelly, Susan E.; Spector, Timothy D.; Cherkas, Lynn F.; Prainsack, Barbara; Harris, Juliette M.

2015-01-01

30

Using the Internet for Speech Research: An Evaluative Study Examining Affect in Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet has rarely been used in auditory perception studies due to concerns about standardisation and calibration across different systems and settings. However, not all auditory research is based on the investigation of fine-grained differences in auditory thresholds. Where meaningful "real-world" listening, for instance the perception of…

Knoll, Monja A.; Uther, Maria; Costall, Alan

2011-01-01

31

A Framework for Evaluating Diagnostic Discordance in Pathology Discovered During Research Studies  

PubMed Central

Context Little is known about the frequency of discordant diagnoses identified during research. Objective To describe diagnostic discordance identified during research and apply a newly designed research framework for investigating discordance. Design Breast biopsy cases (N =407) from registries in Vermont and New Hampshire were independently reviewed by a breast pathology expert. The following research framework was developed to assess those cases: (1) compare the expert review and study database diagnoses, (2) determine the clinical significance of diagnostic discordance, (3) identify and correct data errors and verify the existence of true diagnostic discrepancies, (4) consider the impact of borderline cases, and (5) determine the notification approach for verified disagreements. Results Initial overall discordance between the original diagnosis recorded in our research database and a breast pathology expert was 32.2% (131 of 407). This was reduced to less than 10% after following the 5-step research framework. Detailed review identified 12 cases (2.9%) with data errors (2 in the underlying pathology registry, 3 with incomplete slides sent for expert review, and 7 with data abstraction errors). After excluding the cases with data errors, 38 cases (9.6%) among the remaining 395 had clinically meaningful discordant diagnoses (? = 0.82; SE, 0.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.76–0.87). Among these 38 cases, 20 (53%) were considered borderline between 2 diagnoses by either the original pathologist or the expert. We elected to notify the pathology registries and facilities regarding discordant diagnoses. Conclusions Understanding the types and sources of diagnostic discordance uncovered in research studies may lead to improved scientific data and better patient care. PMID:24978923

Feng, Sherry; Weaver, Donald L.; Carney, Patricia A.; Reisch, Lisa M.; Geller, Berta M.; Goodwin, Andrew; Rendi, Mara H.; Onega, Tracy; Allison, Kim H.; Tosteson, Anna N. A.; Nelson, Heidi D.; Longton, Gary; Pepe, Margaret; Elmore, Joann G.

2014-01-01

32

MRM Evaluation Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is an interim report on the current output of the MRM evaluation research program. During 1998 this research program has used new and existing data to create an important tool for the development and improvement of "maintenance resource management" (MRM). Thousands of surveys completed by participants in airline MRM training and/or behavior change programs have, for the first time, been consolidated into a panel of "MRM Attitudes and Opinion Profiles." These profiles can be used to compare the attitudes about decision making and communication in any given company at any stage in its MRM program with attitudes of a large sample of like employees during a similar period in their MRM involvement. This panel of comparison profiles for attitudes and opinions is a tool to help audit the effectiveness of a maintenance human factors program. The profile panel is the first of several tools envisioned for applying the information accumulating in MRM databases produced as one of the program's long range objectives.

Taylor, James C.

1998-01-01

33

The Neighborhood Voice: evaluating a mobile research vehicle for recruiting African Americans to participate in cancer control studies.  

PubMed

The Neighborhood Voice is a vehicle customized for conducting health research in community settings. It brings research studies into neighborhoods affected most by health disparities and reaches groups often underrepresented in research samples. This paper reports on the experience and satisfaction of 599 African American women who participated in research on board the Neighborhood Voice. Using bivariate, psychometric, and logistic regression analyses, we examined responses to a brief post-research survey. Most women (71%) reported that they had never previously participated in research, and two-thirds (68%) rated their Neighborhood Voice experience as excellent. Satisfaction scores were highest among first-time research participants (p < .05). Women's ratings of the Neighborhood Voice on Comfort (OR = 4.9; 95% CI = 3.0, 7.9) and Convenience (OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.2, 2.9) significantly predicted having an excellent experience. Mobile research facilities may increase participation among disadvantaged and minority populations. Our brief survey instrument is a model for evaluating such outreach. PMID:21411475

Alcaraz, Kassandra I; Weaver, Nancy L; Andresen, Elena M; Christopher, Kara; Kreuter, Matthew W

2011-09-01

34

Pre-exposure prophylaxis accessibility research and evaluation (PrEPARE Study).  

PubMed

Tenofovir-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) has demonstrated effectiveness as HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but it is not commonly prescribed. Our study was designed to determine the barriers preventing utilization of PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM), the group at greatest risk for HIV infection in the United States. A population-based sample of MSM presenting for HIV testing at 'Early Test' HIV testing and counseling sites in San Diego, California were offered PrEP and education about potential efficacy. Eligible individuals reported having unprotected sex within the past 12 months and who tested negative for HIV were offered study participation. Despite offering procedures for evaluation and prescription for PrEP to 416 eligible subjects, less than 0.5 % of participants received the drug. Surveys collected from 54 of those who declined study participation revealed multiple barriers to PrEP among MSM including cost, low perceived risk of infection and concerns about taking a daily medication and potential long-term side effects. Efforts should be made to address these barriers, especially lowering the cost of TDF-FTC, education about PrEP side effects and awareness of HIV risks. PMID:25017425

King, Helen L; Keller, Samuel B; Giancola, Michael A; Rodriguez, David A; Chau, Jasmine J; Young, Jason A; Little, Susan J; Smith, Davey M

2014-09-01

35

Talk, trust and time: a longitudinal study evaluating knowledge translation and exchange processes for research on violence against women  

PubMed Central

Background Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem. Translation of VAW research to policy and practice is an area that remains understudied, but provides the opportunity to examine knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) processes in a complex, multi-stakeholder context. In a series of studies including two randomized trials, the McMaster University VAW Research Program studied one key research gap: evidence about the effectiveness of screening women for exposure to intimate partner violence. This project developed and evaluated KTE strategies to share research findings with policymakers, health and community service providers, and women's advocates. Methods A longitudinal cross-sectional design, applying concurrent mixed data collection methods (surveys, interviews, and focus groups), was used to evaluate the utility of specific KTE strategies, including a series of workshops and a day-long Family Violence Knowledge Exchange Forum, on research sharing, uptake, and use. Results Participants valued the opportunity to meet with researchers, provide feedback on key messages, and make personal connections with other stakeholders. A number of factors specific to the knowledge itself, stakeholders' contexts, and the nature of the knowledge gap being addressed influenced the uptake, sharing, and use of the research. The types of knowledge use changed across time, and were specifically related to both the types of decisions being made, and to stage of decision making; most reported use was conceptual or symbolic, with few examples of instrumental use. Participants did report actively sharing the research findings with their own networks. Further examination of these second-order knowledge-sharing processes is required, including development of appropriate methods and measures for its assessment. Some participants reported that they would not use the research evidence in their decision making when it contradicted professional experiences, while others used it to support apparently contradictory positions. The online wiki-based 'community of interest' requested by participants was not used. Conclusions Mobilizing knowledge in the area of VAW practice and policy is complex and resource-intensive, and must acknowledge and respect the values of identified knowledge users, while balancing the objectivity of the research and researchers. This paper provides important lessons learned about these processes, including attending to the potential unintended consequences of knowledge sharing. PMID:21896170

2011-01-01

36

Evaluation report 2006 Evaluation of Research on  

E-print Network

In Sweden, the government intends to increase the extent of organic farming, i.e. agriculture that does, 2001 and 2004. The quality of Swedish research within organic farming has not been properly evaluated on organic farming, i.e. Swedish Farmers' Foundation for Agri- cultural Research (SLF) and the Swedish Board

37

Basic Exploratory Research versus Guideline-Compliant Studies Used for Hazard Evaluation and Risk Assessment: Bisphenol A as a Case Study  

PubMed Central

Background Myers et al. [Environ Health Perspect 117:309–315 (2009)] argued that Good Laboratory Practices (GLPs) cannot be used as a criterion for selecting data for risk assessment, using bisphenol A (BPA) as a case study. They did not discuss the role(s) of guideline-compliant studies versus basic/exploratory research studies, and they criticized both GLPs and guideline-compliant studies and their roles in formal hazard evaluation and risk assessment. They also specifically criticized our published guideline-compliant dietary studies on BPA in rats and mice and 17?-estradiol (E2) in mice. Objectives As the study director/first author of the criticized E2 and BPA studies, I discuss the uses of basic research versus guideline-compliant studies, how testing guidelines are developed and revised, how new end points are validated, and the role of GLPs. I also provide an overview of the BPA guideline-compliant and exploratory research animal studies and describe BPA pharmacokinetics in rats and humans. I present responses to specific criticisms by Myers et al. Discussion and conclusions Weight-of-evidence evaluations have consistently concluded that low-level BPA oral exposures do not adversely affect human developmental or reproductive health, and I encourage increased validation efforts for “new” end points for inclusion in guideline studies, as well as performance of robust long-term studies to follow early effects (observed in small exploratory studies) to any adverse consequences. PMID:20049112

Tyl, Rochelle W.

2009-01-01

38

Alternative Evaluation Research Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of a continuing series initiated to provide materials for teachers, parents, school administrators, and governmental decision-makers that might encourage reexamination of a range of evaluation issues and perspectives about schools and schooling. This monograph is a description and analysis of two contrasting paradigms: one…

Patton, Michael Quinn

39

Evaluative studies in nuclear medicine research. Progress report, October 1, 1979-June 30, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Effort since the last progress report (September 1979) has been directed toward assessing the potential short and long term benefits of continued development and application and medical research of emission computed tomograhy (ECT). This report contains a review of existing ECT technology, including functional descriptions of current and proposed image systems, for both sngle-photon ECT (SPECT) and positron ECT (PECT) approaches. Medical research and clinical topics to which ECT has been, or may be, applied are presented. One such area of investigation involves the effects of stroke. The application of ECT to laboratory research, and to clinical diagnosis and prognosis, of stroke may result in improved management of the disease. An illustration of the potential savings in the cost of management of stroke due to the effects of applied ECT research is included. The results represent a compilation of data collected from conversations with, and conference presentations by, ECT users, researchers and image system designers, and from a review of the literature.

Potchen, E.J.

1980-07-01

40

Hyperacuity test to evaluate vision through dense cataracts: research preliminary to a clinical study in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using high luminance point-of-light stimuli, Vernier judgments can be made in the presence of markedly degraded retinal imagery. Without coaching, observers perform center-of-gravity assessments of relative locations of degraded point images. We seek to defined, presurgery, individuals who will derive the most benefit from advanced cataract removal (a form of triage), and to determine which of two cataractous eyes has the better postsurgical visual prognosis. There are incredible and growing backlogs of patients with severe cataracts (and other dense media opacities) in the developing world, and generally, limited resources are available for provision of health care. Postcataract surgical failure rates for good visual function are often high, and only one eye is operated on in over 95% of indigent patients treated. Prior to initiating advanced studies in the developing world, at Berkeley we conducted preliminary research on Vernier acuity test techniques on normal adult subjects. We sought to determine the number of repeat trials necessary; to compare a two-point and a three-point Vernier display; to determine the shape of the measured response function at large gap separations between test points (required when testing advanced cataract patients); to assess the effect(s) of a broad range of uncorrected refractive errors on outcomes; and to consider means to minimize refraction-based errors. From these and prior data and analyses, we defined a protocol for use in the developing world. Using a newly designed and rugged precision instrument, these tests were repeated on an advanced cataract population at Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, India. Although we had much prior experience in India, the initial protocol required major revision on site. Necessary changes in test methods and analytical approaches were made, and next stages in this program were planned. And a new and simple gap `visual acuity' (gap `VA') test was added to the protocol, which greatly facilitated the outcome. The presented material is of interest for several reasons: The health care problems addressed are of considerable social and economic importance; it is valuable to compare the initial protocol and instrument defined in Berkeley and the resultant protocol and instrument designs that finally evolved in India; and the difficulties encountered when seeking to adapt what we thought were simple techniques to patient populations and technical personnel in a `small town setting' (ca. 1 million inhabitants in Madurai alone) in rural south India, are worthy of note. We point out that the Aravind Eye Hospital is an ophthalmological exemplar in the developing world.

Enoch, Jay M.; Giraldez, Maria J.; Huang, Doahua; Hirose, Hiroshi; Knowles, Richard A.; Namperumalsamy, P.; LaBree, Lauri; Azen, Stanley P.

1995-03-01

41

Ten criteria for evaluating qualitative research proposals.  

PubMed

With the proliferation of interest in qualitative research in nursing comes the attendant problem of how to evaluate it appropriately. Qualitative research has its own unique history, philosophical foundations, and methodologies that separate it from the quantitative approach. Although the literature is crowded with guidelines for evaluating the latter, little is offered for the qualitative reviewer. The Research Proposal Evaluation Form: Qualitative Methodology is a partial solution to this dilemma. It provides a framework for critiquing the proposal phase of a qualitative study and can be an important guide both for the educator and for the novice researcher. PMID:3035126

Cobb, A K; Hagemaster, J N

1987-04-01

42

The Eight-Year Study: From Evaluative Research to Demonstration Project, 1930-1940  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1932 to 1940, the Progressive Education Association (PEA) conducted its Eight-Year Study. At first, the study appeared to be a poorly funded comparison of two groups of students in secondary schools. During the last four years, as more financial support became available, the Eight-Year Study became a broadly based demonstration of a wide…

Watras, Joseph

2006-01-01

43

Using Evaluation Results for Improving Teaching Practice: A Research Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study portrays how a male instructor, his peers, and the department head used feedback from student ratings. A case study approach was employed to provide a holistic mode of inquiry that would be consonant with the exploration of issues addressed by the study. The method selected provided understanding of the process and events taking place…

Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.; Stake, Robert E.

2012-01-01

44

Evaluating Translational Research: A Process Marker Model  

PubMed Central

Objective We examine the concept of translational research from the perspective of evaluators charged with assessing translational efforts. One of the major tasks for evaluators involved in translational research is to help assess efforts that aim to reduce the time it takes to move research to practice and health impacts. Another is to assess efforts that are intended to increase the rate and volume of translation. Methods We offer an alternative to the dominant contemporary tendency to define translational research in terms of a series of discrete “phases.” Results We contend that this phased approach has been confusing and counterproductive and that it is insufficient as a basis for evaluation. Instead, we argue for the identification of key operational and measureable markers along a generalized process pathway from research to practice. Conclusions This model provides a foundation for the evaluation of interventions designed to improve translational research and the integration of these findings into a field of translational studies. PMID:21707944

Trochim, William; Kane, Cathleen; Graham, Mark; Pincus, Harold Alan

2011-01-01

45

The Logic of Research Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors offer suggestions about logical distinctions often overlooked in the evaluation of research, beginning with a strong plea not to treat technology as applied science, and especially not to treat research in technology as important only if it makes a contribution to scientific knowledge. They argue that the frameworks illustrated in this…

Scriven, Michael; Coryn, Chris L. S.

2008-01-01

46

Involving Employers in Training: Case Studies. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-J.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains in-depth descriptions and assessments of 17 exemplary employer-based training (EBT) programs that were studied as part of an examination of EBT programs. The case studies are based on site visits to each firm, during which interviews were conducted with company management, supervisors of workers in training, individuals…

Isbell, Kellie; Trutko, John W.; Barnow, Burt S.; Nightengale, Demetra; Pindus, Nancy

47

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH TO CONDUCT LIFE-CYCLE STUDY TO EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives an overview of, the schedule for outputs from, and the potential applications of research to use life-cycle assessment (LCA) principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (MSW) management options...

48

Who Is Afraid of Evaluation? Ethics in Evaluation Research as a Way to Cope with Excessive Evaluation Anxiety: Insights from a Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we share our reflections, as evaluators, on an evaluation where we encountered Excessive Evaluation Anxiety (XEA). The signs of XEA which we discerned were particularly evident amongst the program head and staff who were part of a new training program. We present our insights on the evaluation process and its difficulties, as well as…

Bechar, Shlomit; Mero-Jaffe, Irit

2014-01-01

49

Evaluating River Restoration Objectives As Research Hypotheses: A Case Study Of Engineered Log Jams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent evaluations of river restoration monitoring efforts in the U.S. indicate the need for improved approaches to quantifying the effectiveness of restoration actions. As part of a river restoration project involving the installation of engineered log jams (ELJ), a monitoring framework was designed to quantify the effectiveness of ELJ installation at achieving stated restoration goals. During the ELJ planning and design phases, project managers were required to identify specific salmon habitat benefits expected to result from the restoration actions. The expected habitat benefits were restated as restoration hypotheses with quantifiable metrics focused on characteristics of the physical environment that were directly linked to the proposed restoration activities. A before-after sampling design was established to quantify metrics of channel planform and lateral profile; channel bedform and longitudinal profile; large woody debris; riverbed substrate; and hydrologic connectivity. The monitoring framework will quantify the cause-effect relationships among restoration activities and salmon habitat benefits, and will inform the planning and design of similar future restoration actions through the restoration program’s adaptive management process.

Hanrahan, T. P.; Vernon, C. R.

2010-12-01

50

Program Evaluation - Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program Research and Development Projects Assessment of Benefits - Case Studies No. 2  

SciTech Connect

This report is the second of a series of studies to evaluate research and development (R&D) projects funded by the Automotive Lightweighting Materials (ALM) Program of the Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies (OAAT) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the program evaluation are to assess short-run outputs and long-run outcomes that may be attributable to the ALM R&D projects. The ALM program focuses on the development and validation of advanced technologies that significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost. Funded projects range from fundamental materials science research to applied research in production environments. Collaborators on these projects include national laboratories, universities, and private sector firms, such as leading automobile manufacturers and their suppliers. Three ALM R&D projects were chosen for this evaluation: Design and Product Optimization for Cast Light Metals, Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures, and Rapid Tooling for Functional Prototyping of Metal Mold Processes. These projects were chosen because they have already been completed. The first project resulted in development of a comprehensive cast light metal property database, an automotive application design guide, computerized predictive models, process monitoring sensors, and quality assurance methods. The second project, the durability of lightweight composite structures, produced durability-based design criteria documents, predictive models for creep deformation, and minimum test requirements and suggested test methods for establishing durability properties and characteristics of random glass-fiber composites for automotive structural composites. The durability project supported Focal Project II, a validation activity that demonstrates ALM program goals and reduces the lead time for bringing new technology into the marketplace. Focal projects concentrate on specific classes of materials and nonproprietary components and are done jointly by DOE and the Automotive Composites Consortium of U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR). The third project developed a rapid tooling process that reduces tooling time, originally some 48-52 weeks, to less than 12 weeks by means of rapid generation of die-casting die inserts and development of generic holding blocks, suitable for use with large casting applications. This project was conducted by the United States Automotive Materials Partnership, another USCAR consortium.

Das, S.

2003-01-23

51

National Job Corps Study: Report on the Process Analysis. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a process analysis that describes and documents Job Corps services and operations. Chapter one provides overviews of Job Corps, the national Job Corps study, and the process analysis. Chapter two describes the administrative structure of Job Corps and presents data on the geographic distribution and characteristics…

Johnson, Terry; Gritz, Mark; Jackson, Russell; Burghardt, John; Boussy, Carol; Leonard, Jan; Orians, Carlyn

52

Openness in Schools: An Evaluation Study. Research in Education Series/5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main reason for this study was to provide information to the district about the new architectural and programmatic features of its schools, particularly as they affect the quality of student achievement in the different types of schools. An additional purpose was to obtain information that would help teachers and principals improve some of…

Traub, Ross; And Others

53

Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model over Portugal: Case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Established in 1756 the Demarcated Douro Region, became the first viticulturist region to be delimited and regulated under worldwide scale. The region has an area of 250000 hectares, from which 45000 are occupied by continuous vineyards (IVDP, 2010). It stretches along the Douro river valleys and its main streams, from the region of Mesão Frio, about 100 kilometers east from Porto town where this river discharges till attaining the frontier with Spain in the east border. Due to its stretching and extension in the W-E direction accompanying the Douro Valley, it is not strange that the region is not homogeneous having, therefore, three sub-regions: Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior. The Baixo Corgo the most western region is the "birthplace" of the viticulturalist region. The main purpose of this work is to evaluate and test the quality of a criterion developed to determine the occurrence of frost. This criterion is to be used latter by numerical weather forecasts (WRF-ARW) and put into practice in 16 meteorological stations in the Demarcated Douro Region. Firstly, the criterion was developed to calculate the occurrence of frost based on the meteorological data observed in those 16 stations. Time series of temperatures and precipitation were used for a period of approximately 20 years. It was verified that the meteorological conditions associated to days with frost (SG) and without frost (CG) are different in each station. Afterwards, the model was validated, especially in what concerns the simulation of the daily minimal temperature. Correcting functions were applied to the data of the model, having considerably diminished the errors of simulation. Then the criterion of frost estimate was applied do the output of the model for a period of 2 frost seasons. The results show that WRF simulates successfully the appearance of frost episodes and so can be used in the frost forecasting.

Rodrigues, Mónica; Rocha, Alfredo; Monteiro, Ana

2013-04-01

54

The Burden of Research on Trauma for Respondents: A Prospective and Comparative Study on Respondents Evaluations and Predictors  

PubMed Central

The possible burden of participating in trauma research is an important topic for Ethical Committees (EC's), Review Boards (RB's) and researchers. However, to what extent research on trauma is more burdensome than non-trauma research is unknown. Little is known about which factors explain respondents evaluations on the burden: to what extent are they trauma-related or dependent on other factors such as personality and how respondents evaluate research in general? Data of a large probability based multi-wave internet panel, with surveys on politics and values, personality and health in 2009 and 2011, and a survey on trauma in 2012 provided the unique opportunity to address these questions. Results among respondents confronted with these events in the past 2 years (N?=?950) showed that questions on trauma were significantly and systematically evaluated as less pleasant (enjoyed less), more difficult, but also stimulated respondents to think about things more than almost all previous non-trauma surveys. Yet, the computed effect sizes indicated that the differences were (very) small and often meaningless. No differences were found between users and non-users of mental services, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms. Evaluations of the burden of previous surveys in 2011 on politics and values, personality and health most strongly, systematically and independently predicted the burden of questions on trauma, and not posttraumatic stress symptoms, event-related coping self-efficacy and personality factors. For instance, multiple linear regression analyses showed that 30% of the variance of how (un)pleasant questions on trauma and life-events were evaluated, was explained by how (un)pleasant the 3 surveys in 2011 were evaluated, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms (not significant) and coping self-efficacy (5%). Findings question why EC's, RB's and researchers should be more critical of the possible burden of trauma research than of the possible burden of other non-trauma research. PMID:24204785

van der Velden, Peter G.; Bosmans, Mark W. G.; Scherpenzeel, Annette C.

2013-01-01

55

Evaluation of Risk Factors for Severe Pneumonia in Children: The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Study  

PubMed Central

As a case-control study of etiology, the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) project also provides an opportunity to assess the risk factors for severe pneumonia in hospitalized children at 7 sites. We identified relevant risk factors by literature review and iterative expert consultation. Decisions for inclusion in PERCH were based on comparability to published data, analytic plans, data collection costs and logistic feasibility, including interviewer time and subject fatigue. We aimed to standardize questions at all sites, but significant variation in the economic, cultural, and geographic characteristics of sites made it difficult to obtain this objective. Despite these challenges, the depth of the evaluation of multiple risk factors across the breadth of the PERCH sites should furnish new and valuable information about the major risk factors for childhood severe and very severe pneumonia, including risk factors for pneumonia caused by specific etiologies, in developing countries. PMID:22403226

Deloria-Knoll, Maria; Feikin, Daniel R.; DeLuca, Andrea N.; Driscoll, Amanda J.; Moïsi, Jennifer C.; Johnson, Hope L.; Murdoch, David R.; O’Brien, Katherine L.; Levine, Orin S.; Scott, J. Anthony G.

2012-01-01

56

Measuring Law for Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and…

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

2010-01-01

57

Enhancing Research Capacity for Global Health: Evaluation of a Distance-Based Program for International Study Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Due to the increasing number of clinical trials conducted globally, there is a need for quality continuing education for health professionals in clinical research manager (CRM) roles. This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a distance-based continuing education program for CRMs working outside the…

Wilson, Lynda Law; Rice, Marti; Jones, Carolynn T.; Joiner, Cynthia; LaBorde, Jennifer; McCall, Kimberly; Jester, Penelope M.; Carter, Sheree C.; Boone, Chrissy; Onwuzuligbo, Uzoma; Koneru, Alaya

2013-01-01

58

Enhancing Research Capacity for Global Health: Evaluation of a Distance-Based Program for International Study Coordinators  

PubMed Central

Introduction Due to the increasing number of clinical trials conducted globally, there is a need for quality continuing education for health professionals in clinical research manager (CRM) roles. This paper describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a distance-based continuing education program for CRMs working outside the United States. Methods A total of 692 applications were received from CRMs in 50 countries. Of these, 166 were admitted to the program in two cohorts. The program, taught online and in English, included four required and one optional course. Course materials were also provided as hard copies and on CDs. A pretest/posttest design was used to evaluate the outcome of the program in terms of changes in knowledge, participants’ capacity-building activities at their research sites; and participant and supervisor perceptions of program impact. Results Participants demonstrated significant improvements in knowledge about clinical research, rated course content and teaching strategies positively, and identified the opportunity for interactions with international peers as a major program strength. Challenges for participants were limited time to complete assignments and erratic internet access. Participants offered capacity building programs to 5061 individuals at their research sites. Supervisors indicated that they would recommend the program and perceived the program improved CRM effectiveness and site research capacity. Findings Results suggest that this type of continuing education program addresses a growing need for education of CRMs working in countries that have previously had limited involvement with global clinical trials. PMID:23512562

Wilson, Lynda Law; Rice, Marti; Jones, Carolynn T.; Joiner, Cynthia; LaBorde, Jennifer; McCall, Kimberly; Jester, Penelope M; Carter, Sheree C.; Boone, Chrissy; Onwuzuligbo, Uzoma; Koneru, Alaya

2013-01-01

59

Photovoltaic evaluation study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Realizing the value and potential of PV-power as well as the growing need for increased cooperation and sharing of knowledge in the field of photovoltaics, FINNIDA and UNICEF decided to undertake a study of selected PV-projects. There were two main objectives for the study: To gather, compile, evaluate and share information on the photovoltaic technology appropriate to developing countries, and to promote the interest and competence of Finnish research institutes, consultants and manufacturers in photovoltaic development. For this purpose a joint evaluation of significant, primarily UN-supported projects providing for the basic needs of rural communities was undertaken. The Gambia and Kenya offered a variety of such projects, and were chosen as target countries for the study. The projects were chosen to be both comparable and complimentary. In the Gambia, the main subject was a partially integrated health and telecommunications project, but a long-operating drinking water pumping system was also studied. In Kenya, a health project in the Turkana area was examined, and also a large scale water pumping installation for fish farming. Field visits were made in order to verify and supplement the data gathered through document research and earlier investigations. Individual data gathering sheets for the project form the core of this study and are intended to give the necessary information in an organized and accessible format. The findings could practically be condensed into one sentence: PV-systems work very well, if properly designed and installed, but the resources and requirements of the recipients must be considered to a higher degree.

Johnson, G.; Heikkilae, M.; Melasuo, T.; Spanner, S.

60

Best practice research scholarships: An evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Best Practice Research Scholarship programme (BPRS) was one of a series of initiatives designed by the English Department for Educational Studies (DfES) between 2000 and 2003, to support teachers’ continuing professional development. Each year, around 1,000 Scholarships of up to £3,000 each, were awarded to serving classroom teachers to engage in supported, school?focused research. This paper reports an evaluation

John Furlong; Jane Salisbury

2005-01-01

61

Management systems research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a Monte Carlo simulation of procurement activities at the NASA Ames Research Center is described. Data cover: simulation of the procurement cycle, construction of a performance evaluation model, examination of employee development, procedures and review of evaluation criteria for divisional and individual performance evaluation. Determination of the influences and apparent impact of contract type and structure and development of a management control system for planning and controlling manpower requirements.

Bruno, A. V.

1975-01-01

62

Developing Comparative Bibliometric Indicators for Evaluating the Research Performance of Four Academic Nutrition Departments, 1992-1996: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study develops a set of empirically and theoretically sound citation-based bibliometric indicators of scientific research performance and applies them in an exploratory comparative study of the University of Tennessee-Knoxville's (UTK's) Nutrition Department with three of its peer programs at the University of Florida, the University of…

Ackermann, Eric George

63

Research and Evaluation: Right on Target  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of papers presented report on evaluation studies of first-year vocational education teachers, and high school cooperative education programs. Other papers summarized review research on women employed in vocations traditionally male, on vocational counseling which involves parents, and on factors influencing career choice. A guide for…

Nelson, Helen Y.

1975-01-01

64

A systematic review evaluating the methodological aspects of meta-analyses of genetic association studies in cancer research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meta-analyses and Individual Patient Data (IPD) meta-analyses of genetic association studies are a powerful tool to summarize\\u000a the scientific evidences, however their application present considerable potential and several pitfalls. We reviewed systematically\\u000a all published meta-analyses and IPD meta-analyses of genetic association studies in the field of cancer research, searching\\u000a for relevant studies on the Medline, Embase, and HuGE Reviews Archive

Stefania Boccia; Emma De Feo; Paola Gallì; Francesco Gianfagna; Rosarita Amore; Gualtiero Ricciardi

2010-01-01

65

Evaluating Impact. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers in this collection address issues related to participatory approaches to assessing impact. The first section, "What Is an Impact Study and How Should We Do It?" contains: (1) "Participatory Impact Assessment" (John Shotton); (2) "Participatory Action Research as an Approach to Impact Assessment" (Victoria McKay); (3) "Participatory…

McKay, Veronica, Ed.; Treffgarne, Carew, Ed.

66

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies  

PubMed Central

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in ‘omics’ technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the “Nutritional Phenotype database” (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and different—omics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processed—omics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design and—omics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure. PMID:21052526

Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O.; Drevon, Christian A.; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C.; Müller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T.

2010-01-01

67

CONTENT ANALYSIS OF UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH STUDENT EVALUATIONS  

E-print Network

of Psychology University of Delaware Joan S. Bennett Undergraduate Research Program University of Delaware KarenCONTENT ANALYSIS OF UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH STUDENT EVALUATIONS Christine Ward Department W. Bauer Office of Institutional Research and Planning University of Delaware ABSTRACT To examine

Taber, Douglass

68

Designing, Teaching, and Evaluating Two Complementary Mixed Methods Research Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching mixed methods research is difficult. This longitudinal explanatory study examined how two classes were designed, taught, and evaluated. Curriculum, Research, and Teaching (EDCS-606) and Mixed Methods Research (EDCS-780) used a research proposal generation process to highlight the importance of the purpose, research question and…

Christ, Thomas W.

2009-01-01

69

A dynamic systems engineering methodology research study. Phase 2: Evaluating methodologies, tools, and techniques for applicability to NASA's systems projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study of NASA's Systems Management Policy (SMP) concluded that the primary methodology being used by the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate and its subordinate, the Networks Division, is very effective. Still some unmet needs were identified. This study involved evaluating methodologies, tools, and techniques with the potential for resolving the previously identified deficiencies. Six preselected methodologies being used by other organizations with similar development problems were studied. The study revealed a wide range of significant differences in structure. Each system had some strengths but none will satisfy all of the needs of the Networks Division. Areas for improvement of the methodology being used by the Networks Division are listed with recommendations for specific action.

Paul, Arthur S.; Gill, Tepper L.; Maclin, Arlene P.

1989-01-01

70

Research for Better Schools: Research & Evaluation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research for Better Schools (RBS), a non-profit educational research and development firm serving the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S., offers a collection of "online resources from a variety of organizations that support both parent involvement in schools and outreach activities to the larger community." The website resources range from organizations that provide information on how schools and other educational programs work, to organizations that focus more specifically on mathematics.

71

The risk-benefit task of research ethics committees: An evaluation of current approaches and the need to incorporate decision studies methods  

PubMed Central

Background Research ethics committees (RECs) are tasked to assess the risks and the benefits of a trial. Currently, two procedure-level approaches are predominant, the Net Risk Test and the Component Analysis. Discussion By looking at decision studies, we see that both procedure-level approaches conflate the various risk-benefit tasks, i.e., risk-benefit assessment, risk-benefit evaluation, risk treatment, and decision making. This conflation makes the RECs’ risk-benefit task confusing, if not impossible. We further realize that RECs are not meant to do all the risk-benefit tasks; instead, RECs are meant to evaluate risks and benefits, appraise risk treatment suggestions, and make the final decision. Conclusion As such, research ethics would benefit from looking beyond the procedure-level approaches and allowing disciplines like decision studies to be involved in the discourse on RECs’ risk-benefit task. PMID:22520714

2012-01-01

72

Home Start Evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of seven Home Start programs are given as the third section of an evaluation study. Communities involved are Huntsville, Alabama; Fairbanks, Alaska; Fort Defiance, Arizona; Dardanelle, Arkansas; Wichita, Kansas; Gloucester, Massachusetts; and Reno, Nevada. Although each study varies in format, each describes in detail the degree and…

High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI.

73

Exploring perceived barriers, drivers, impacts and the need for evaluation of public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived public involvement (PI) barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and ways of evaluating PI approaches in health and social care research. Background Internationally and within the UK the recognition of potential benefits of PI in health and social care research is gathering momentum and PI is increasingly identified by organisations as a prerequisite for funding. However, there is relatively little examination of the impacts of PI and how those impacts might be measured. Design Mixed method, three-phase, modified Delphi technique, conducted as part of a larger MRC multiphase project. Sample Clinical and non-clinical academics, members of the public, research managers, commissioners and funders. Findings This study found high levels of consensus about the most important barriers and drivers to PI. There was acknowledgement that tokenism was common in relation to PI; and strong support for the view that demonstrating the impacts and value of PI was made more difficult by tokenistic practice. PI was seen as having intrinsic value; nonetheless, there was clear support for the importance of evaluating its impact. Research team cohesion and appropriate resources were considered essential to effective PI implementation. Panellists agreed that PI can be challenging, but can be facilitated by clear guidance, together with models of good practice and measurable standards. Conclusions This study is the first to present empirical evidence of the opinions voiced by key stakeholders on areas of consensus and conflict in relation to perceived PI barriers and drivers, perceived impacts of PI and the need to evaluate PI. As such it further contributes to debate around best practice in PI, the potential for tokenism and how best to evaluate the impacts of PI. These findings have been used in the development of the Public Involvement Impact Assessment Framework (PiiAF), an online resource which offers guidance to researchers and members of the public involved in the PI process. PMID:24939808

Snape, D; Kirkham, J; Britten, N; Froggatt, K; Gradinger, F; Lobban, F; Popay, Jennie; Wyatt, K; Jacoby, Ann

2014-01-01

74

ACCELERATOR RESEARCH STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

ACCELERATOR RESEARCH STUDIES Task A: Study of the Physics of Space-Charge Dominated Beams for Advanced Accelerator Applications Task B: Studies of High-Power Gyroklystrons and Application to Linear Colliders Task C: Theory and Simulation of the Physics Space-Charge Dominated Beams Annual Report for the Period June 1, 2003 to May 31, 2004

P.G. O'Shea, M. Reiser, V. L. Granatstein, W. Lawson, I. Haber, R. Kishek

2004-01-23

75

Solving a methodological challenge in work stress evaluation with the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit (StART): a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Stress evaluation is a field of strong interest and challenging due to several methodological aspects in the evaluation process. The aim of this study is to propose a study protocol to test a new method (i.e., the Stress Assessment and Research Toolkit) to assess psychosocial risk factors at work. Design This method addresses several methodological issues (e.g., subjective vs. objective, qualitative vs quantitative data) by assessing work-related stressors using different kinds of data: i) organisational archival data (organisational indicators sheet); ii) qualitative data (focus group); iii) worker perception (questionnaire); and iv) observational data (observational checklist) using mixed methods research. In addition, it allows positive and negative aspects of work to be considered conjointly, using an approach that considers at the same time job demands and job resources. Discussion The integration of these sources of data can reduce the theoretical and methodological bias related to stress research in the work setting, allows researchers and professionals to obtain a reliable description of workers’ stress, providing a more articulate vision of psychosocial risks, and allows a large amount of data to be collected. Finally, the implementation of the method ensures in the long term a primary prevention for psychosocial risk management in that it aims to reduce or modify the intensity, frequency or duration of organisational demands. PMID:23799950

2013-01-01

76

Reflection on Four Multisite Evaluation Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do the findings of four National Science Foundation evaluation case studies suggest to an evaluation scholar who was not part of the research team that created them? This chapter carefully reviews the cases and summarizes their comparative findings. The four Beyond Use case studies add to the literature on levels of evaluation use, with the…

Brandon, Paul R.

2011-01-01

77

Evaluation of Educational Research in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To get an impression of the quality of educational research in the Netherlands, 55 paper proposals accepted by the Paper Committee of the Educational Research Day 1974 were evaluated. Each of the 204 judges evaluated two randomly assigned proposals on 27 characteristics. These characteristics were an extension of the instrument used by a committee…

van der Kamp, Max; van der Kamp, Leo J. Th.

78

Evaluation of Urinary Protein Precipitation Protocols for the Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain Research Network  

PubMed Central

Standardization of sample collection, shipping, and storage has been a major focus of biorepositories servicing large, multi-institute studies. The standardization of total protein concentration measurements may also provide an important metric for characterizing biospecimens. The measurement of total protein concentration in urine is challenging because of widely variable sample dilutions obtained in the clinic and the lack of a reference matrix for use with a standard curve and blank subtraction. Urinary proteins are therefore typically precipitated and reconstituted in a reference solution before quantitation. We have tested three different methods for protein precipitation and evaluated them using variability in total protein concentration measurement as a metric. The methods were tested on four urine samples ranging from very concentrated to very dilute. A method using a commercially available kit provided the most reproducible results, with average coefficients of variation <10%. Addition of a freeze/thaw did not lead to significant protein loss or additional variability. Samples were titrated and the measurements obtained appeared to be linearly correlated with sample starting volume. This method was applied to analysis of 77 urine biorepository samples and provided reproducible results when the same sample was assayed on different microwell plates. PMID:25365794

Jonscher, Karen R.; Osypuk, Andrea A.; van Bokhoven, Adrie; Lucia, M. Scott

2014-01-01

79

Research on Fuzzy Evaluation of Endogenous Industrial Clusters' Innovation Ability - A Case Study on Three Industrial Clusters of Jiangsu Province  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with impact of the financial tsunami, the innovation ability of endogenous industrial clusters is especially important. On the basis of the theory and methods of AHP and fuzzy math, this paper has proposed a evaluation index system for the innovation ability of the endogenous industrial clusters, and comprehensively evaluates the innovation ability of the endogenous industrial clusters, and at

Wu Xianhua; Bi Shuoben; Guo Ji

2009-01-01

80

76 FR 76417 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation AGENCY...Name of Committee: Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation. General...Committee: The Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...

2011-12-07

81

76 FR 17130 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation AGENCY...Name of Committee: Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation. General...Committee: The Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...

2011-03-28

82

76 FR 789 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation AGENCY...Name of Committee: Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation. General...Committee: The Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...

2011-01-06

83

Pyrolysis system evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of two different pyrolysis concepts which recover energy from solid waste was conducted in order to determine the merits of each concept for integration into a Integrated Utility System (IUS). The two concepts evaluated were a Lead Bath Furnace Pyrolysis System and a Slagging Vertical Shaft, Partial Air Oxidation Pyrolysis System. Both concepts will produce a fuel gas from the IUS waste and sewage sludge which can be used to offset primary fuel consumption in addition to the sanitary disposal of the waste. The study evaluated the thermal integration of each concept as well as the economic impact on the IUS resulting from integrating each pyrolysis concepts. For reference, the pyrolysis concepts were also compared to incineration which was considered the baseline IUS solid waste disposal system.

1974-01-01

84

Evaluating quantitative research designs: Part 1.  

PubMed

This article has provided an overview of the three major types of quantitative designs commonly used in nursing research, as well as some criteria for evaluating the designs of published research. The next column will include additional criteria for critiquing quantitative research designs. PMID:7859458

Haughey, B P

1994-10-01

85

Research, Evaluation and Measurement: A National Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports findings of a nationwide survey of public relations professionals to investigate the full extent of recent public relations research activities. Finds a growing recognition that research is an integral part of public relations planning, program development, and evaluation process. Reveals that most public relations research is currently…

Lindenmann, Walter K.

1990-01-01

86

EQUIPT: protocol of a comparative effectiveness research study evaluating cross-context transferability of economic evidence on tobacco control  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tobacco smoking claims 700?000 lives every year in Europe and the cost of tobacco smoking in the EU is estimated between €98 and €130 billion annually; direct medical care costs and indirect costs such as workday losses each represent half of this amount. Policymakers all across Europe are in need of bespoke information on the economic and wider returns of investing in evidence-based tobacco control, including smoking cessation agendas. EQUIPT is designed to test the transferability of one such economic evidence base—the English Tobacco Return on Investment (ROI) tool—to other EU member states. Methods and analysis EQUIPT is a multicentre, interdisciplinary comparative effectiveness research study in public health. The Tobacco ROI tool already developed in England by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) will be adapted to meet the needs of European decision-makers, following transferability criteria. Stakeholders' needs and intention to use ROI tools in sample countries (Germany, Hungary, Spain and the Netherlands) will be analysed through interviews and surveys and complemented by secondary analysis of the contextual and other factors. Informed by this contextual analysis, the next phase will develop country-specific ROI tools in sample countries using a mix of economic modelling and Visual Basic programming. The results from the country-specific ROI models will then be compared to derive policy proposals that are transferable to other EU states, from which a centralised web tool will be developed. This will then be made available to stakeholders to cater for different decision-making contexts across Europe. Ethics and dissemination The Brunel University Ethics Committee and relevant authorities in each of the participating countries approved the protocol. EQUIPT has a dedicated work package on dissemination, focusing on stakeholders’ communication needs. Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, e-learning resources and policy briefs. PMID:25421342

Pokhrel, Subhash; Evers, Silvia; Leidl, Reiner; Trapero-Bertran, Marta; Kalo, Zoltan; de Vries, Hein; Crossfield, Andrea; Andrews, Fiona; Rutter, Ailsa; Coyle, Kathryn; Lester-George, Adam; West, Robert; Owen, Lesley; Jones, Teresa; Vogl, Matthias; Radu-Loghin, Cornel; Voko, Zoltan; Huic, Mirjana; Coyle, Doug

2014-01-01

87

Evaluation and Ranking of Researchers – Bh Index  

PubMed Central

Evaluation and ranking of every author is very crucial as it is widely used to evaluate the performance of the researcher. This article proposes a new method, called Bh-Index, to evaluate the researchers based on the publications and citations. The method is built on h-Index and only the h-core articles are taken into consideration. The method assigns value additions to those articles that receive significantly high citations in comparison to the h-Index of the researcher. It provides a wide range of values for a given h-Index and effective evaluation even for a short period. Use of Bh-Index along with the h-Index gives a powerful tool to evaluate the researchers. PMID:24349183

Bharathi, D. Gnana

2013-01-01

88

THE ROLE OF SENSORY EVALUATION IN FOOD QUALITY CONTROL, FOOD RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: A CASE OF COFFEE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Vietnam, the applying of sensory evaluation is only limited in some important coffee or tea manufacturers to grade these products according to an international or national norm (ex. TCVN- 321579). This kind of sensory practice based on operations of some experts. However, quality of food product is a complex issue and not one to be solely defined by the

Nguyen Hoang Dzung; Luu Dzuan; Ha Duyen Tu

89

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation Study (REDS-III): A research program striving to improve blood donor and transfusion recipient outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background The Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation Study -III (REDS-III) is a 7-year multicenter transfusion safety research initiative launched in 2011 by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Study design The domestic component involves 4 blood centers, 12 hospitals, a data coordinating center, and a central laboratory. The international component consists of distinct programs in Brazil, China, and South Africa which involve US and in-country investigators. Results REDS-III is using two major methods to address key research priorities in blood banking/transfusion medicine. First, there will be numerous analyses of large “core” databases; the international programs have each constructed a donor/donation database while the domestic program has established a detailed research database that links data from blood donors and their donations, the components made from these donations, and data extracts from the electronic medical records of the recipients of these components. Secondly, there are more than 25 focused research protocols involving transfusion recipients, blood donors, or both that are either in progress or scheduled to begin within the next 3 years. Areas of study include transfusion epidemiology and blood utilization; transfusion outcomes; non-infectious transfusion risks; HIV-related safety issues (particularly in the international programs); emerging infectious agents; blood component quality; donor health and safety; and other donor issues. Conclusions It is intended that REDS-III serve as an impetus for more widespread recipient and linked donor-recipient research in the US as well as to help assure a safe and available blood supply in the US and in international locations. PMID:24188564

Kleinman, Steven; Busch, Michael P; Murphy, Edward L; Shan, Hua; Ness, Paul; Glynn, Simone A.

2014-01-01

90

Mediation Works: An Action Research Study Evaluating the Peer Mediation Program from the Eyes of Mediators and Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review was conducted to understand how mediators and faculty view a Peer Mediation Program (PMP). The review identified four subgroups: mediators, teachers, administrators, and school counselors as well as their views on the success or lack of success of PMPs. The research also reflects how to best engage stakeholders in the mediation…

Cook, Jacqueline Yvonne; Boes, Susan R.

2013-01-01

91

[Ethical evaluation of biomedical research].  

PubMed

Every human behaviour, therefore also biomedical research, implies a reference, either implicit or explicit, to ethic values. The expression "biomedical research" attains to the domain of two distinct fields, the scientific and the technical one and this distinction is important for its ethic implications. In fact, it was the great progress in the biotechnologies that in the early 70's stimulated the birth of a new discipline known as bioethics, that from its very start was meant to be the meeting point between culturers of the biological sciences and those of human sciences. Among the paradigms adopted by bioethics, those of Beauchamp and Childress, which refer to the principles of "beneficence" (well doing), "non maleficence" (not wrong doing), autonomy and justice, are still of great importance. Bioethics proposed to establish an inequivocal and shared language and to develop adequate and rigorous procedures of analysis. So, at various levels, international, national and local, those interesting tools of the trade, which are the ethics committees, have arose. In order for an ethic committee to function, one must guarantee from the start, the conditions of autonomy and representativeness of different knowledges and cultural options that characterize our complex society. It is also necessary that an ethics committee, rather than assuming a prescriptive role, should promote attention and reflection on the ethical aspects of biomedical research. PMID:9810741

Bouquet, F

1998-01-01

92

Accelerator research studies  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the second year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams,'' (P.I., M. Reiser); TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams,'' (Co-P.I.'s, W.W. Destler, M. Reiser, M.J. Rhee, and C.D. Striffler); TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-Power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders,'' (Co-P.I.'s, V.L. Granatstein, W. Lawson, M. Reiser, and C.D. Striffler). In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

Not Available

1993-01-01

93

Accelerator research studies  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Research Studies program at the University of Maryland, sponsored by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-FG05-91ER40642, is currently in the first year of a three-year funding cycle. The program consists of the following three tasks: TASK A, Study of Transport and Longitudinal Compression of Intense, High-Brightness Beams, TASK B, Study of Collective Ion Acceleration by Intense Electron Beams and Pseudospark Produced High Brightness Electron Beams; TASK C, Study of a Gyroklystron High-power Microwave Source for Linear Colliders. In this report we document the progress that has been made during the past year for each of the three tasks.

Not Available

1992-01-01

94

The COMPASS study: a longitudinal hierarchical research platform for evaluating natural experiments related to changes in school-level programs, policies and built environment resources  

PubMed Central

Background Few researchers have the data required to adequately understand how the school environment impacts youth health behaviour development over time. Methods/Design COMPASS is a prospective cohort study designed to annually collect hierarchical longitudinal data from a sample of 90 secondary schools and the 50,000+ grade 9 to 12 students attending those schools. COMPASS uses a rigorous quasi-experimental design to evaluate how changes in school programs, policies, and/or built environment (BE) characteristics are related to changes in multiple youth health behaviours and outcomes over time. These data will allow for the quasi-experimental evaluation of natural experiments that will occur within schools over the course of COMPASS, providing a means for generating “practice based evidence” in school-based prevention programming. Discussion COMPASS is the first study with the infrastructure to robustly evaluate the impact that changes in multiple school-level programs, policies, and BE characteristics within or surrounding a school might have on multiple youth health behaviours or outcomes over time. COMPASS will provide valuable new insight for planning, tailoring and targeting of school-based prevention initiatives where they are most likely to have impact. PMID:24712314

2014-01-01

95

Evaluation of a 'virtual' approach to commissioning health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a 'virtual' (computer-mediated) approach to health research commissioning. This had been introduced experimentally in a DOH programme – the 'Health of Londoners Programme' – in order to assess whether is could enhance the accessibility, transparency and effectiveness of commissioning health research. The study described here was commissioned to

Christine A McCourt; Philip A Morgan; Penny Youll

2006-01-01

96

Fuels research studies at NASA Lewis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fuels research studies carried out in a variety of areas related to aviation propulsion, ground transportation, and stationary power generation systems are discussed. The major efforts are directed to studies on fuels for jet aircraft. These studies involve fuels preparation, fuels analysis, and fuel quality evaluations. The scope and direction of research activities in these areas is discussed, descriptions of Lewis capabilities and facilities given, and results of recent research efforts reported.

Antoine, A. C.

1982-01-01

97

Research and Evaluation in Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the development of research and evaluation in information retrieval. Highlights include the Cranfield projects concerning recall and precision, the Medlars experiment that focused on relevance, TREC (Text Retrieval Conference), evaluation versus understanding, interface versus functionality, document length, and terms and user interaction.…

Robertson, S. E.; Beaulieu, M.

1997-01-01

98

Research Article Evaluating Precision of Cementum Annuli  

E-print Network

.g., >3.5 yr) to prevent overexploitation (Caughley 1976). Biologists most often estimate the age of deerResearch Article Evaluating Precision of Cementum Annuli Analysis for Aging Mule Deer from Southern University, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA ABSTRACT We evaluated the precision of age

Aspbury, Andrea S. - Department of Biology, Texas State University

99

Outcomes from Combining Work and Tertiary Study. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working in some capacity is almost considered de rigueur for tertiary students. The reasons for working and the impact this has on both an individual's ability to complete their studies and on their post-study labour market outcomes are only recently receiving attention. Using the 1995 and 1998 cohorts of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian…

Polidano, Cain; Zakirova, Rezida

2011-01-01

100

Action Research and Evaluation On Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Action research consists of a family of research methodologies which pursue action and research outcomes at the same time. Areol, action research and evaluation on line, is a 14-week public course offered each semester as a public service by Southern Cross University and the Southern Cross Institute of Action Research. There are four orientation sessions. The first will give students some idea of the commitment in time that it may take to engage properly in the program. The second overviews the program. The third discusses the setting up of learning groups as an associated activity.

101

Evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies  

PubMed Central

Ontologies are now pervasive in biomedicine, where they serve as a means to standardize terminology, to enable access to domain knowledge, to verify data consistency and to facilitate integrative analyses over heterogeneous biomedical data. For this purpose, research on biomedical ontologies applies theories and methods from diverse disciplines such as information management, knowledge representation, cognitive science, linguistics and philosophy. Depending on the desired applications in which ontologies are being applied, the evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies must follow different strategies. Here, we provide a classification of research problems in which ontologies are being applied, focusing on the use of ontologies in basic and translational research, and we demonstrate how research results in biomedical ontologies can be evaluated. The evaluation strategies depend on the desired application and measure the success of using an ontology for a particular biomedical problem. For many applications, the success can be quantified, thereby facilitating the objective evaluation and comparison of research in biomedical ontology. The objective, quantifiable comparison of research results based on scientific applications opens up the possibility for systematically improving the utility of ontologies in biomedical research. PMID:22962340

Dumontier, Michel; Gkoutos, Georgios V.

2013-01-01

102

The Collaboration Readiness of Transdisciplinary Research Teams and Centers Findings from the National Cancer Institute's TREC Year-One Evaluation Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing interest in promoting cross-disciplinary collaboration among health scientists has prompted several federal agencies, including the NIH, to establish large, multicenter initiatives intended to foster collaborative research and training. In order to assess whether these initiatives are effective in promoting scientific collaboration that ultimately results in public health improvements, it is necessary to develop new strategies for evaluating research processes

Kara L. Hall; Daniel Stokols; Richard P. Moser; Brandie K. Taylor; Mark D. Thornquist; Linda C. Nebeling; Carolyn C. Ehret; Matthew J. Barnett; Anne McTiernan; Nathan A. Berger; Michael I. Goran; Robert W. Jeffery

103

Evaluation Criteria for Participatory Research: Insights from Coastal Uruguay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution.

Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

2014-07-01

104

Evaluation criteria for participatory research: insights from coastal Uruguay.  

PubMed

Participatory research in which experts and non-experts are co-researchers in addressing local concerns (also known as participatory action research or community-based research) can be a valuable approach for dealing with the uncertainty of social-ecological systems because it fosters learning among stakeholders and co-production of knowledge. Despite its increased application in the context of natural resources and environmental management, evaluation of participatory research has received little attention. The objectives of this research were to define criteria to evaluate participatory research processes and outcomes, from the literature on participation evaluation, and to apply them in a case study in an artisanal fishery in coastal Uruguay. Process evaluation criteria (e.g., problem to be addressed of key interest to local and additional stakeholders; involvement of interested stakeholder groups in every research stage; collective decision making through deliberation; and adaptability through iterative cycles) should be considered as conditions to promote empowering participatory research. Our research contributes to knowledge on evaluation of participatory research, while also providing evidence of the positive outcomes of this approach, such as co-production of knowledge, learning, strengthened social networks, and conflict resolution. PMID:24748238

Trimble, Micaela; Lázaro, Marila

2014-07-01

105

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. IIA, a Study of Auditory Discrimination and Verbal Responding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An auditory discrimination procedure was used in this study to attempt to correct the speech problem of a 4-year-old girl. The major characteristic of that speech problem was the consistent use of inappropriate first consonant sounds in some words, like "gog" for "dog." The child was given 25 training sessions and two posttraining sessions. The…

Brigham, Thomas A.

106

Evaluation of a Teleform-based data collection system: a multi-center obesity research case study.  

PubMed

Utilizing electronic data capture (EDC) systems in data collection and management allows automated validation programs to preemptively identify and correct data errors. For our multi-center, prospective study we chose to use TeleForm, a paper-based data capture software that uses recognition technology to create case report forms (CRFs) with similar functionality to EDC, including custom scripts to identify entry errors. We quantified the accuracy of the optimized system through a data audit of CRFs and the study database, examining selected critical variables for all subjects in the study, as well as an audit of all variables for 25 randomly selected subjects. Overall we found 6.7 errors per 10,000 fields, with similar estimates for critical (6.9/10,000) and non-critical (6.5/10,000) variables-values that fall below the acceptable quality threshold of 50 errors per 10,000 established by the Society for Clinical Data Management. However, error rates were found to widely vary by type of data field, with the highest rate observed with open text fields. PMID:24709056

Jenkins, Todd M; Wilson Boyce, Tawny; Akers, Rachel; Andringa, Jennifer; Liu, Yanhong; Miller, Rosemary; Powers, Carolyn; Ralph Buncher, C

2014-06-01

107

Review of Peer Evaluation Research. Technical Paper 342.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer evaluation research was reviewed from three major perspectives--validity, methodology, and situational factors. Most of the studies focused on either concurrent or predicitve validity in a military training situation. Evaluation criteria included leadership potential, promotion potential, personality traits, and supervisory skills.…

Downey, Ronald G.; Duffy, Paul J.

108

Research Issues in Evaluating Learning Pattern Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concludes the special issue of "Studies in Educational Evaluation" concerned with "Evaluating learning pattern development in higher education" by discussing research issues that have emerged from the previous contributions. The article considers in turn: stability versus variability in learning patterns; old versus new analytic…

Richardson, John T. E.

2013-01-01

109

Interviewer as Instrument: Accounting for Human Factors in Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This methodological study examines an original data collection model designed to incorporate human factors and enhance data richness in qualitative and evaluation research. Evidence supporting this model is drawn from in-depth youth and adult interviews in one of the largest policy/program evaluations undertaken in the United States, the Drug,…

Brown, Joel H.

2006-01-01

110

1 | Evaluation and Appraisal WA | David Edwards | 11/08/2010 Evaluation and Appraisal Research  

E-print Network

and tools include those associated with participatory modelling, action research, institutional1 | Evaluation and Appraisal WA | David Edwards | 11/08/2010 Evaluation and Appraisal Research Evaluation and Appraisal Theme Social research into `Evaluation and Appraisal' focuses on the development

111

76 FR 29756 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation; Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Evaluation; Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation AGENCY...Name of Committee: Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation. [[Page...Committee: The Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...

2011-05-23

112

How hard can it be to include research evidence and evaluation in local health policy implementation? Results from a mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Although an evidence-based approach is the ideal model for planning and delivering healthcare, barriers exist to using research evidence to implement and evaluate service change. This paper aims to inform policy implementation and evaluation by understanding the role of research evidence at the local level through implementation of a national chronic conditions management policy. Methods We conducted a national email survey of health service commissioners at the most devolved level of decision-making in Wales (Local Health Boards – LHBs) followed by in-depth interviews with representatives of LHBs, purposively selecting five to reflect geographic and economic characteristics. Survey data were analysed descriptively; we used thematic analysis for interview data. Results All LHBs (n = 22) completed questionnaires. All reported they routinely assessed the research literature before implementing interventions, but free-text answers revealed wide variation in approach. Most commonly reported information sources included personal contacts, needs assessments, information or research databases. No consistent approach to evaluation was reported. Frequently reported challenges were: insufficient staff capacity (17/22); limited skills, cost, limited time, competing priorities (16/22); availability and quality of routine data (15/22). Respondents reported they would value central guidance on evaluation. Five interviews were held with managers from the five LHBs contacted. Service delivery decisions were informed by Welsh Government initiatives and priorities, budgets, perceived good practice, personal knowledge, and local needs, but did not include formal research evidence, they reported. Decision making was a collaborative process including clinical staff, patient representatives, and partner organization managers with varying levels of research experience. Robust evaluation data were required, but they were constrained by a lack of skills, time, and resources. They viewed evaluation as a means of demonstrating that targets had been met. Conclusions There is a gap between evidence-based aims of national health policy and how health services are commissioned, implemented, and evaluated at local level. Commissioners and managers are unable to routinely incorporate research evidence. If health services research is to identify most effective ways to implement high quality care, it should be incorporated into commissioning and service delivery. Local commissioners and managers need to build the critical use of research evidence and evaluation into health policy implementation at local level in order to provide consistent and effective healthcare services. PMID:23402558

2013-01-01

113

Evaluation and Research Center for Project Head Start, University of South Carolina. Interim Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an interim evaluation report of language development curriculums in full year Head Start programs operating in the five state area the Research and Evaluation Center serves. One experimental study in language development carried on in cooperation with the Texas and Tulane centers is reported in depth. The study was implemented in…

Friedman, Myles I.

114

Social Studies. Microsift Courseware Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of 17 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 1-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

115

Tufts University Office of Institutional Research & Evaluation  

E-print Network

) Evaluation of the Tufts Campus Suicide Prevention Grant, funded by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Translational Science Institute (NIH) Response to Emerging Infectious Diseases (RESPOND, USAID) Suicide Prevention Grant (SAMHSA) Tisch Scholars Program Tufts Post-Baccalaureate Research Education Program (NIGMS

Tufts University

116

Medical research and evaluation facility and studies supporting the Medical Chemical Defense Program. Evaluation of the utility of human skin equivalents for studying HD-induced dermatotoxicity and evaluating antivesicant treatment regimens. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Two human skin culture models, also known as human skin equivalents (HSEs), and dermatomed (split thickness) natural human skin (NHS) were assessed for use in studies investigating the dermatotoxic effects of sulfur mustard BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL) SULFIDE; HD. The HSEs examined were model ZK1300 from Advanced Tissue Sciences (ATS, La Jolla, CA) and Epiderm from MatTek Corporation (Ashland, MA). NHS specimens were obtained either fresh from the Ohio State University branch of the Cooperative Human Tissue Network (Columbus, OH), or cryopreserved from the Ohio Valley Tissue and Skin Center (OVTSC, Cincinnati, OH). The utility of each skin model was assessed by histopathology and by several viability indices. Tissue samples were processed for both light and electron microscopy and examined for consistency among HSE lots and among NHS patients in exhibiting normal ultrastructural details. In particular, the samples were examined for the presence of a continuous, intact basement membrane and an epidermal-dermal interface resembling that found in normal, living human skin.

Olson, C.T.; Snider, T.H.; Hobson, D.W.; Logel, C.A.; Johnson, J.B.

1997-07-01

117

College of Education EPE Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation  

E-print Network

and research approaches to educational policy studies and evaluation. Graduate faculty resources and typicalCollege of Education EPE Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation KEY: # = new course * = course for Inquiry in Social Sciences. EPE 301 EDUCATION IN AMERICAN CULTURE. (3

MacAdam, Keith

118

Maintaining Relevance in Wisconsin Vocational-Technical Education Programs through Applied Research in the World of Work. A Partial Listing of Summaries of Findings and Recommendations from Validation, Evaluation and Manpower Studies Involving Surveys of VTAE Graduates and Employers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report presents abstracts of 29 research studies which were designed to identify labor market requirements and evaluate vocational educational programs in the Wisconsin Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education System (VTAE). The studies were designed to answer the following questions: (1) What skills, knowledges, and competencies are…

Wisconsin State Board of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education, Madison. Research Coordinating Unit.

119

A case study of the Secure Anonymous Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway: A privacy-protecting remote access system for health-related research and evaluation?  

PubMed Central

With the current expansion of data linkage research, the challenge is to find the balance between preserving the privacy of person-level data whilst making these data accessible for use to their full potential. We describe a privacy-protecting safe haven and secure remote access system, referred to as the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway. The Gateway provides data users with a familiar Windows interface and their usual toolsets to access approved anonymously-linked datasets for research and evaluation. We outline the principles and operating model of the Gateway, the features provided to users within the secure environment, and how we are approaching the challenges of making data safely accessible to increasing numbers of research users. The Gateway represents a powerful analytical environment and has been designed to be scalable and adaptable to meet the needs of the rapidly growing data linkage community. PMID:24440148

Jones, Kerina H.; Ford, David V.; Jones, Chris; Dsilva, Rohan; Thompson, Simon; Brooks, Caroline J.; Heaven, Martin L.; Thayer, Daniel S.; McNerney, Cynthia L.; Lyons, Ronan A.

2014-01-01

120

A case study of the Secure Anonymous Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway: a privacy-protecting remote access system for health-related research and evaluation.  

PubMed

With the current expansion of data linkage research, the challenge is to find the balance between preserving the privacy of person-level data whilst making these data accessible for use to their full potential. We describe a privacy-protecting safe haven and secure remote access system, referred to as the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway. The Gateway provides data users with a familiar Windows interface and their usual toolsets to access approved anonymously-linked datasets for research and evaluation. We outline the principles and operating model of the Gateway, the features provided to users within the secure environment, and how we are approaching the challenges of making data safely accessible to increasing numbers of research users. The Gateway represents a powerful analytical environment and has been designed to be scalable and adaptable to meet the needs of the rapidly growing data linkage community. PMID:24440148

Jones, Kerina H; Ford, David V; Jones, Chris; Dsilva, Rohan; Thompson, Simon; Brooks, Caroline J; Heaven, Martin L; Thayer, Daniel S; McNerney, Cynthia L; Lyons, Ronan A

2014-08-01

121

Applied Research Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this project was to study the feasibility of reusing major components of a software system that had been used to control the operations of a spacecraft launched in the 1980s. The study was done in the context of a ground data processing system that was to be rehosted from a large mainframe to an inexpensive workstation. The study concluded that a systematic approach using inexpensive tools could aid in the reengineering process by identifying a set of certified reusable components. The study also developed procedures for determining duplicate versions of software, which were created because of inadequate naming conventions. Such procedures reduced reengineering costs by approximately 19.4 percent.

Leach, Ronald J.

1997-01-01

122

FUNDAMENTAL COMBUSTION RESEARCH APPLIED TO POLLUTION FORMATION. VOLUME 3. SUPPORT STUDIES: MEASUREMENT STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, one of four volumes describing research performed under EPA's Fundamental Combustion Research (FCR) Applied to Pollution Formation Program, gives results of three studies related to measurement system evaluations. Section I documents an evaluation of the performance a...

123

SERVICE RESEARCH OUTCOME STUDY (SROS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Services Research Outcome Study (SROS) is a follow-up to the 1990 Drug Services Research Survey (DSRS). The SROS provided for a five year post-discharge follow-up of a broadly representative sample of approximately 3,000 drug clients treated during 1989 to 1990. The study asc...

124

Gender Studies & Feminist Research  

E-print Network

" Jessie Forsyth: "Reconfiguring Equality: Cross-Epistemological Feminisms" Jennifer Adese: "Les Femmes Michif Otipemisiwak: Theorizing Métis Feminism from Métis Women's Activism" ANGELA MCROBBIE (GOLDSMITH'S) | With English & Cultural Studies February 7, 2012 | 7:30PM | CIBC Hall, MUSC 319 "Feminism, Neo

Thompson, Michael

125

Tuberculosis care: an evaluability study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: to verify whether the tuberculosis control program (TCP) is evaluable and to examine the feasibility of building an evaluation model in apriority municipality for the control of tuberculosis. METHOD: this evaluability study was conducted in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. For data collection, documental analysis and interviews with key informants were performed. For indicator validation, the nominal group technique was adopted. RESULTS: the details of TCP were described, and both the logical model and the classification framework for indicators were developed and agreed up on, with the goal of characterizing the structural elements of the program, defining the structure and process indicators, and formulating the evaluation questions. CONCLUSION: TCP is evaluable. Based on logical operational analysis, it was possible to evaluate the adequacy of the program goals for the control of tuberculosis. Therefore, the performance of a summative evaluation is recommended, with a focus on the analysis of the effects of tuberculosis control interventions on decreasing morbidity and mortality. PMID:25493675

Coelho, Ardigleusa Alves; Martiniano, Cláudia Santos; Brito, Ewerton Willian Gomes; Negrão, Oswaldo Gomes Corrêa; Arcêncio, Ricardo Alexandre; Uchôa, Severina Alice da Costa

2014-01-01

126

Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan  

E-print Network

Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan Patrick Lilly, Engineering Research Manager, Regional Economic Research, Inc., Vancouver, Washington Dennis Pearson, Energy Research and Evaluation Analyst, Seattle City Light...-energy benefits. A summary of conclusions and lessons learned is also provided. The evaluation team included Patrick Lilly of Regional Economic Research Inc., Paresh Parekh of Unicade Inc., D'Arcy Swanson of Pacific Sciences Inc., and Dennis Pearson...

Lilly, P.; Pearson, D.

127

Evaluation of Participatory Research in Developing Community Leadership Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to evaluate and explain the dynamic processes of decision-making and leadership development through participatory research, using the Malaysian experience as a case study. The focus is on the structural and situational constraints in the Malaysian rural society, the formal political machinery and the implementation of…

Karim, Wazir-Jahan B.

1982-01-01

128

Applying mixed methods research in evaluating clinical trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on the decision process that the authors follow in applying mixed methods research to evaluate the benefits and costs of conducting sponsored clinical trials in a publicly funded New Zealand hospital. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A simultaneous parallel mixed method design was adopted. This design builds on a health outcomes study that

Lyn Murphy; William Maguire

2011-01-01

129

Evaluating the ethical acceptability of animal research.  

PubMed

The ethical acceptability of animal research is typically evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Legislation such as Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes provides guidance for ethical evaluation of animal use proposals but does not dictate the outcome, leaving this determination to the ethical review committees of individual institutions. The authors assess different ethics models and how these are reflected in the guidelines of Directive 2010/63/EU. They also describe a matrix for carrying out harm-benefit analyses of animal use proposals, which they identified by examining the practices of three ethical review committees in the Netherlands. Finally, they discuss how this matrix can be applied by ethical review committees at other institutions. PMID:25333594

Bout, Henriëtte J; Fentener van Vlissingen, J Martje; Karssing, Edgar D

2014-11-01

130

FDA: Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is "to protect and enhance the public health through the regulation of biological and related products including blood, vaccines, allergenics, tissues, and cellular and gene therapies." Their mission is an important one, and consumers and scientists will want to bookmark this page and return to it on a regular basis. On this page, visitors can sign up for their RSS feed and read through some key resources. Users can also browse resources on biologics depending on their needs: consumer, healthcare and industry level information is provided.

131

Study Designs in Clinical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In nephrology research, both observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are commonly applied. Clinicians using the evidence from epidemiological studies should be aware of the specific qualities and limitations of each study design. The purpose of the article is therefore to provide a brief overview of the range of study designs and to comment on the most important strengths

Marlies Noordzij; Friedo W. Dekker; Carmine Zoccali; Kitty J. Jager

2009-01-01

132

Research and Evaluation Pilot Report 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study was conducted to field test instruments that could be used to assess, evaluate, and improve curricula to be used in the Agri Tech Prep 2000 (ATP 2000) project. The project features a 4-year tech prep program linking New York high school and postsecondary curricula to prepare students for careers in agriculture or acceptance into a…

Sutphin, Dean; Newsom-Stewart, Mhora

133

Historical, Comparative and Statistical Perspectives of School Effectiveness Research: Rethinking Educational Evaluation in Greece.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers insights into educational evaluation in Greece by presenting history and the current state of school effectiveness research. Reviews a number of studies, including studies from other countries, to examine the policy implications of school effectiveness research. (SLD)

Verdis, Athanasios; Kriemadis, Thanos; Pashiardis, Petros

2003-01-01

134

The Use of Video Technology to Enhance Researcher Capacity to Meet Scientific and Moral Criteria for Evaluation of Discursive Psychological Studies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to justify and reflect upon the way in which video technologies were employed in data generation for a study of student agency in a science classroom using discursive psychology. The research was designed with the purpose of providing new understanding of how students develop a sense of themselves as responsible agents…

Arnold, Jenny; Clarke, David

2012-01-01

135

75 FR 35816 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation AGENCY...re-establishment of the Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation. The Secretary...provide national analysis of the impact of Head Start programs. This committee will...

2010-06-23

136

The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article defines and discusses one of these qualitative methods--the case research strat- egy. Suggestions are provided for researchers who wish to undertake research employing this approach. Criteria for the evaluation of case research are established and several characteristics useful for categorizing the studies are identified. A sample of papers drawn from information systems journals is reviewed. The paper concludes

Izak Benbasat; David K. Goldstein

1987-01-01

137

In Retrospect, 1980-81: Special Education Research. Special Education Research and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual presents a composite of final reports of seven special education research and evaluation studies undertaken by the Dallas Independent School District in 1980-81. Each report contains information on program objectives, sampling, design, and outcomes. Topics covered include the development of a special education computerized information…

Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

138

2014 BIQSFP-ImagingStudyEvaluationTemplate  

Cancer.gov

BIQSFP ’14 (Biomarker, Imaging, and Quality of Life Studies Funding Program) IMAGING STUDY Evaluation Template BIQSFP ’14 IMAGING STUDY Evaluation Template 4/13,11/13 STUDY EVALUATION TEMPLATE Imaging Reviewer’s Name: Date

139

BIQSFP-12-CEA-Study-Evaluation-Template  

Cancer.gov

BIQSFP ‘12 (Biomarker, Imaging, & Quality of Life Studies Funding Program) COST- EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS (CEA) Study Evaluation Template BIQSFP ‘12 CEA Study Evaluation Template 3/11,3/12 STUDY EVALUATION TEMPLATE Cost-Effectiveness

140

Research Practices, Evaluation and Infrastructure in the Digital Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines changing research practices in the digital environment and draws out implications for research evaluation and the development of research infrastructure. Reviews of the literature, quantitative indicators of research activities and our own field research in Australia suggest that a new mode of knowledge production is emerging,…

Houghton, John W.

2004-01-01

141

Middle School Research Studies, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 12 papers presented at the Research Symposium of the National Middle School Association's 1980 Annual Conference are reproduced in this document. Topics covered are teachers', principals', and national leaders' perceptions of the middle school; priorities of needs, competencies, and training of middle grade teachers; a case study of the…

National Middle School Association, Fairborn, OH.

142

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis

Robert W. Karp

1994-01-01

143

Ranking the research productivity of library and information science faculty and schools: An evaluation of data sources and research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the data sources and research methods used in earlier studies to rank the research productivity of Library and Information Science (LIS) faculty and schools. In doing so, the study identifies both tools and methods that generate more accurate publica- tion count rankings as well as databases that should be taken into consideration when conducting comprehen- sive searches

Lokman I. Meho; Kristina M. Spurgin

2005-01-01

144

Enabling research in care homes: an evaluation of a national network of research ready care homes  

PubMed Central

Background In the UK care homes are one of the main providers of long term care for older people with dementia. Despite the recent increase in care home research, residents with dementia are often excluded from studies. Care home research networks have been recommended by the Ministerial Advisory Group on Dementia Research (MAGDR) as a way of increasing research opportunities for residents with dementia. This paper reports on an evaluation of the feasibility and early impact of an initiative to increase care home participation in research. Methods A two phase, mixed methods approach was used; phase 1 established a baseline of current and recent studies including the National Institute for Health Research portfolio. To explore the experiences of recruiting care homes and research participation, interviews were conducted with researchers working for the Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Network (DeNDRoN) and care home managers. In phase 2, four DeNDRoN area offices recruited care homes to a care home network for their region. The care home networks were separate from the DeNDRoN research network. Diaries were used to document and cost recruitment; DeNDRoN staff were interviewed to understand the barriers, facilitators and impact of the care home networks. Results Thirty three current or recent studies were identified as involving care homes as care home specific studies or those which included residents. Further details of care home recruitment were obtained on 20 studies by contacting study teams. Care home managers were keen to be involved in research that provided staff support, benefits for residents and with minimal disruption. In phase 2, 141 care homes were recruited to the care home research networks, through corporate engagement and individual invitation. Pre-existing relationships with care homes facilitated recruitment. Sites with minimal experience of working with care homes identified the need for care home training for researchers. Conclusions Phase 1 review revealed a small but increasing number of studies involving care homes. Phase 2 demonstrated the feasibility of care home research networks, their potential to increase recruitment to research and develop partnerships between health services and care homes, but highlighted the need for care home training for researchers. PMID:24708761

2014-01-01

145

Evaluation in the Art-Historical Research Article.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to isolate some of the aspects in which the evaluative language most typical of research articles produced within the discipline of art history differs from the evaluation prevalent in academic discourse in other fields. (Author/VWL)

Tucker, Paul

2003-01-01

146

Portfolio evaluation of advanced coal technology : research, development, and demonstration  

E-print Network

This paper evaluates the advanced coal technology research, development and demonstration programs at the U.S. Department of Energy since the 1970s. The evaluation is conducted from a portfolio point of view and derives ...

Naga-Jones, Ayaka

2005-01-01

147

Research and Evaluation in the Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines reasons for the lack of research being conducted by speech-language pathologists and audiologists in the public schools and points out advantages of that setting as a research site. (Author)

Laney, Mary D.

1982-01-01

148

A simulator study for the development and evaluation of operating procedures on a supersonic cruise research transport to minimize airport-community noise  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Piloted-simulator studies were conducted to determine takeoff and landing operating procedures for a supersonic cruise research transport concept that result in predicted noise levels which meet current Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification standards. With the use of standard FAA noise certification test procedures, the subject simulated aircraft did not meet the FAA traded-noise-level standards during takeoff and landing. However, with the use of advanced procedures, this aircraft meets the traded-noise-level standards for flight crews with average skills. The advanced takeoff procedures developed involved violating some of the current Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR), but it was not necessary to violate any FAR noise-test conditions during landing approach. Noise contours were also determined for some of the simulated takeoffs and landings in order to indicate the noise-reduction advantages of using operational procedures other than standard.

Grantham, W. D.; Smith, P. M.; Deal, P. L.

1980-01-01

149

Ethical Dilemmas in Evaluations Using Indigenous Research Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses ethical dilemmas experienced by street-level research and evaluation workers recruiting and gathering data in community-based research projects. The authors focus on a subgroup of street-level research workers, whom they call research extenders (REs), employed because they share important characteristics with the target…

Alexander, Leslie B.; Richman, Kenneth A.

2008-01-01

150

Usability Evaluation of a Research Repository and Collaboration Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports results from an empirical usability evaluation of Human-Animal Bond Research Initiative Central as part of the effort to develop an open access research repository and collaboration platform for human-animal bond researchers. By repurposing and altering key features of the original HUBzero system, Human-Animal Bond Research

Zhang, Tao; Maron, Deborah J.; Charles, Christopher C.

2013-01-01

151

ATBC Study - Research Collaboration Procedures  

Cancer.gov

The two international partners of this project - the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institute for Health and Welfare of Finland (THL) - have primary responsibility for project research management, coordination, and oversight. The Nutritional Epidemiology Branch (NEB) represents the NCI in this regard. Study proposals for collaboration are submitted to the NCI or NPHI Principal Investigators (Dr. Albanes and Dr. Virtamo, respectively), and are reviewed at both institutions.

152

Designing and Implementing the Next Generation of Teacher Evaluation Systems: Lessons Learned from Case Studies in Five Illinois Districts. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a very short period during the spring and summer of 2012, researchers at the University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research (CCSR) and the Illinois Education Research Council (IERC) collected data from respondents in five districts across Illinois to examine how school districts in the state approach designing and implementing new…

White, Bradford R.; Cowhy, Jennifer; Stevens, W. David; Sporte, Susan E.

2012-01-01

153

Phase III randomised study to evaluate the role of adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy in the treatment of uterine sarcomas stages I and II: an European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Gynaecological Cancer Group Study (protocol 55874).  

PubMed

The management of uterine sarcomas continues to present many difficulties. Primary surgery is the optimal treatment but the role of post-operative radiation remains uncertain. In the mid-1980s, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Gynaecological Cancer Group Study proposed a trial to evaluate adjuvant radiotherapy, as previous non-randomised studies had suggested a survival advantage and improved local control when post-operative radiation was administered. The study opened in 1987 taking 13 years to accrue 224 patients. All uterine sarcoma subtypes were permitted. Patients were required to have undergone as a minimum, TAH and BSO and wahsings (166 patients) but nodal sampling was optional. There were 103 leiomyosarcomas (LMS), 91 carcinosarcomas (CS) and 28 endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS). Patients were randomised to either observation or pelvic radiation, 51 Gy in 28 fractions over 5 weeks. Hundred and twelve were recruited to each arm. The initial analysis has shown a reduction in local relapse (14 versus 24, p=0.004) but no effect on either OS or PFS. No unexpected toxicity was seen in the radiation arm. No difference in either overall or disease-free survival was demonstrated but there is an increased local control for the CS patients receiving radiation but without any benefit for LMS. Prognostic factor analysis shows that stage, age and histological subtype were important predictors of behaviour which may explain differences between CS and LMS. CS appears to show more kinship to poorly differentiated endometrial carcinomas in behaviour. LMS did not show the same benefit from radiation. These results will help shape future management and clinical trials in uterine sarcomas. PMID:18378136

Reed, N S; Mangioni, C; Malmström, H; Scarfone, G; Poveda, A; Pecorelli, S; Tateo, S; Franchi, M; Jobsen, J J; Coens, C; Teodorovic, I; Vergote, I; Vermorken, J B

2008-04-01

154

Research on training evaluation of enterprise employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the competition between enterprises, human resource becomes a key to that enterprises acquire the competition advantages and employee training grows into the strategic requirement of enterprise development with playing important roles gradually. In China, training evaluation is so lag to practice that reduces the training effects. Consequently, it's very important to choose a practical training evaluation tool. This article

Qiao Hong; Dong Xuechen

2009-01-01

155

The Need for Comparative Research in Developmental Textbooks: A Review and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that current animal research enables students to understand basic developmental principles. Presents results from a study that evaluated the content of 24 developmental textbooks published between 1995 and 2000, demonstrating that older studies are typically used. (CMK)

Eaton, Rebecca F.; Sleigh, Merry J.

2002-01-01

156

Research Performance Evaluation: Some Critical Thoughts on Standard Bibliometric Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliometric methodology is an established technique for research evaluation as it offers an objective determination and comparison of research performance. This paper aims to critically assess some standard bibliometric indicators commonly used (based on publication and citation counts) to evaluate academic units, and examine whether there…

Anninos, Loukas N.

2014-01-01

157

The Research, Evaluation and Measurement Dragons in Outdoor Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model for research and evaluation in outdoor education is presented in this paper which includes a bibliography of representative research in outdoor, experiential education. The model stresses close interaction between program designers and evaluators and rests on the premise that the strength of outdoor education--interaction between people,…

Staley, Frederick A.

158

Research Summary West Midlands woodland and health pilot evaluation  

E-print Network

Research Summary West Midlands woodland and health pilot evaluation Increasingly, research- related activity in woodlands through use of a Woodland Improvement Grant. Those who successfully bid, the production of leaflets, launch events and interpretation. An evaluation was undertaken by Interface IRM

159

Genetic studies in alcohol research  

SciTech Connect

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports research to elucidate the specific genetic factors, now largely unknown, which underlie susceptibility to alcoholism and its medical complications (including fetal alcohol syndrome). Because of the genetic complexity and heterogeneity of alcoholism, identification of the multiple underlying factors will require the development of new study designs and methods of analysis of data from human families. While techniques of genetic analysis of animal behavioral traits (e.g., targeted gene disruption, quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping) are more powerful that those applicable to humans (e.g., linkage and allelic association studies), the validation of animal behaviors as models of aspects of human alcoholism has been problematic. Newly developed methods for mapping QTL influencing animal behavioral traits can not only permit analyses of human family data to be directly informed by the results of animal studies, but can also serve as a novel means of validating animal models of aspects of alcoholism. 55 refs.

Karp, R.W. [National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, MD (United States)

1994-12-15

160

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

161

Evaluative Research in Corrections: The Uncertain Road.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martinson's provocative article in Public Interest (Spring, 1974), denying efficacy in prisoner reform, singled out one of the uncertainties in correctional research. In their totality, these uncertainties embrace not only rehabilitative programs but also the method, theory, and organization of correctional research. To comprehend the status and…

Adams, Stuart

162

Principles of Good Practice for Decision Analytic Modeling in HealthCare Evaluation: Report of the ISPOR Task Force on Good Research Practices—Modeling Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesMathematical modeling is used widely in economic evaluations of pharmaceuticals and other health-care technologies. Users of models in government and the private sector need to be able to evaluate the quality of models according to scientific criteria of good practice. This report describes the consensus of a task force convened to provide modelers with guidelines for conducting and reporting modeling

Milton C. Weinstein; Bernie O'Brien; John Hornberger; Joseph Jackson; Magnus Johannesson; Chris McCabe; Bryan R. Luce

2003-01-01

163

SUPERFUND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION - THE DELAWARE SITE STUDY, 1989  

EPA Science Inventory

The 1989 Delaware Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Field Study vas a cooperative effort between the Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory and the Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory located in Las Vegas. he SITE was established to satisf...

164

Women's Studies Research Center Where Research, Art, and Activism Converge  

E-print Network

and bring it into the real world. Swimming Upstream: Mothers, Daughters, and Consumerism GeorgiaFall 2010 Mothering research Women's Studies Research Center Where Research, Art, and Activism Mothering in Residential Treatment Susan Thomson, Visiting Scholar Mothering has been a research topic

Fraden, Seth

165

Evaluating faculty work: expectations and standards of faculty performance in research universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expectations and the way they are communicated can influence employees’ motivation and performance. Previous research has demonstrated individual effects of workplace climate and individual differences on faculty productivity. The present study focused on the characteristics of institutional performance standards, evaluation processes and performance?responsive measures of academic departments in research universities, as articulated in institutional and departmental annual evaluation and promotion?tenure

Patricia Hardré; Michelle Cox

2009-01-01

166

PROJECT SELF-EVALUATION METHODOLOGY: THE HEALTHREATS PROJECT CASE STUDY  

E-print Network

PROJECT SELF-EVALUATION METHODOLOGY: THE HEALTHREATS PROJECT CASE STUDY Martin Znidarsic1 , Marko presents an approach to self-evaluation in collaborative research projects. The approach is taken from a case study of the project Healthreats, where it is used in practice. Aims and focuses of self

Bohanec, Marko

167

How to Critically Evaluate Case Studies in Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to develop guidelines to assist practitioners and researchers in evaluating and developing rigorous case studies. The main concern in evaluating a case study is to accurately assess its quality and ultimately to offer clients social work interventions informed by the best available evidence. To assess the quality of…

Lee, Eunjung; Mishna, Faye; Brennenstuhl, Sarah

2010-01-01

168

Making Team Science Better: Applying Improvement-Oriented Evaluation Principles to Evaluation of Cooperative Research Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of the research center has changed the landscape of U.S. research enter-prise. It has also created a number of evaluation challenges, particularly when considering strategically focused, multifaceted cooperative research centers (CRCs). The author argues that although recent CRC evaluation efforts have gone a long way toward meeting the…

Gray, Denis O.

2008-01-01

169

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Guidance Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage is a collection of all the guidance documents created by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. The documents represent what the agency considers good practices. Documents are available on subjects from Compliance and Drug Safety to Current Good Manufacturing Practices and Advertising. The page organizes the documents by subject, allowing one to quickly navigate to the particular subject they are interested in. This site would be useful for anyone studying the pharmaceutical industry as well as for teachers in the discipline. Most documents are available in HTML or PDF, with some being optionally available in Microsoft Word format.

170

Research and evaluation in the transformation of primary care.  

PubMed

Across the United States, primary care practices are engaged in demonstration projects and quality improvement efforts aimed at integrating behavioral health and primary care. Efforts to make sustainable changes at the frontline of care have identified new research and evaluation needs. These efforts enable clinics and larger health care communities to learn from demonstration projects regarding what works and what does not when integrating mental health, substance use, and primary care under realistic circumstances. To do this, implementers need to measure their successes and failures to inform local improvement processes, including the efforts of those working on integration in separate but similar settings. We review how new research approaches, beyond the contributions of traditional controlled trials, are needed to inform integrated behavioral health. Illustrating with research examples from the field, we describe how research traditions can be extended to meet these new research and learning needs of frontline implementers. We further suggest that a shared language and set of definitions for the field (not just for a particular study) are critical for the aggregation of knowledge and learning across practices and for policymaking and business modeling. PMID:24820691

Peek, C J; Cohen, Deborah J; deGruy, Frank V

2014-01-01

171

TMDL MODEL EVALUATION AND RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

This review examines the modeling research needs to support environmental decision-making for the 303(d) requirements for development of total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) and related programs such as 319 Nonpoint Source Program activities, watershed management, stormwater permits...

172

Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model on  

E-print Network

Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model on Forecasting Low-level Jets: Implications for Wind Energy Brandon Storm*, Wind Science and Engineering Research Center, Texas Tech (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/we.288 Research Article * Correspondence to: B. A. Storm

Basu, Sukanta

173

Research Evaluation and the Assessment of Public Value  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funding organisations are increasingly asking academics to show evidence of the economic and social value generated by their research. These requests have often been associated with the emergence of a so-called "new social contract for research" and are related to the implementation of new research evaluation systems. Although the…

Molas-Gallart, Jordi

2015-01-01

174

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Jitter Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The study objectives are to analyze in-flight jitter; evaluate different models of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS); and determine jitter prediction accuracy such that adequate (but not excessive) design margins will assume future mission success. The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: UARS chronology; UARS disturbance experiment; microwave limb sounder antenna and mirror time profiles; solar array drive disturbance; roll and yaw jitter correlation with solar array position; solar array rotation; UARS disturbance summary; concept for reduction of jitter effect; jitter reduction using window scheduling; and highlights/lessons learned.

Woodard, Stanley; Garnek, Mike; Molnar, John; Grantham, William

1992-01-01

175

2014 BIQSFP-BiomarkerStudyEvaluationTemplate  

Cancer.gov

BIQSFP ’1 4 (Biomarker, Imaging, and Quality of Life Studies Funding Program) BIOMARKER STUDY Evaluation Template BIQSFP ’1 4 BIOMARKER STUDY Evaluation Template 6/08,2/09,3/09,5/09,3/10,3/11,3/12 ,4/13, 11/13 STUDY EVALUATION TEMPLATE

176

Training the next generation of clinical researchers: evaluation of a graduate podiatrist research internship in rheumatology  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Arthritis Research UK funded graduate internship scheme for podiatrists and to explore the experiences of interns and mentors. Methods Nine new graduates completed the internship programme (July 2006–June 2010); six interns and two mentors participated in this study. The study was conducted in three phases. Phase 1: quantitative survey of career and research outcomes for interns. Phase 2 and 3: qualitative asynchronous interviews through email to explore the experiences of interns and mentors. Interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) of coded transcripts identified recurring themes. Results Research outputs included ten peer reviewed publications with authorial contributions from interns, 23 conference abstract presentations and one subsequent ‘Jewel in the Crown’ award at the British Society for Rheumatology Conference. Career progression includes two National Institute for Health research (NIHR) PhD fellowships, two Arthritis Research UK PhD fellowships, one NIHR Master of Research fellowship and one specialist rheumatology clinical post. Two interns are members of NIHR and professional body committees. Seven important themes arose from the qualitative phases: perceptions of the internship pre-application; internship values; maximising personal and professional development; psychosocial components of the internship; the role of mentoring and networking; access to research career pathways; perceptions of future developments for the internship programme. The role of mentorship and the peer support network have had benefits that have persisted beyond the formal period of the scheme. Conclusions The internship model appears to have been perceived to have been valuable to the interns’ careers and may have contributed significantly to the broader building of capacity in clinical research in foot and ankle rheumatology. We believe the model has potential to be transferable across health disciplines and on national and international scales. PMID:23590884

2013-01-01

177

Evaluation of Classified Employees. Research into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation is an important tool to develop and retain skilled employees. It should be used to recognize employees that are performing well, to identify areas for growth and to provide employees with clear, explicit feedback about their performance. An agreed upon appraisal system lets employees know what is expected, what is recognized and…

Williamson, Ronald

2012-01-01

178

Design and evaluation of a widget-based dashboard for awareness support in Research Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe the rationale, design and evaluation of a widget-based dashboard to support scholars’ awareness of their Research Networks. We introduce the concept of a Research Network and discuss Personal Research Environments that are built of as a development parallel to Personal Learning Environments. Based on the results of an international interview study, we report on the

Wolfgang Reinhardt; Christian Mletzko; Hendrik Drachsler; Peter B. Sloep

2012-01-01

179

Critical evaluation of research articles in relation to informed consent.  

PubMed

The concept of research bioethics arose and developed over the last three decades mainly in response to moral crisis created by rapidly advancing medical science and technology. Accordingly, reinterpretation of some fundamental principles of ethics is needed. At the heart of the ethical principle of respect for person, lies the informed consent process. Nuremberg Code, Helsinki Declaration of World Medical Association (WMA), Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) Guidelines etc. demonstrated the importance of informed consent in biomedical research involving human subjects. This article was planned to evaluate the reflection of informed consent in the published research articles. Fifty-two articles published in national and international journals were studied among which informed consent was found to be taken only in 21(40.4%) occasions and the same was not taken in 31(59.6%) occasions. Study showed that out of 38 articles published in national journals, informed consent was taken from only in 12(31.6%) situations, while out of 14 articles published in international journals, informed consent was taken in 9(64.3%) situations. Out of 36 observational studies, informed consent (both written and verbal) was taken from only 27.8% cases, whereas out of 16 interventional experiments, informed consent was taken in 68.8% situations. PMID:17867274

Biswas, B; Ahmad, R

2006-12-01

180

Evaluating Capacity Building for Policy Research Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international community has identified a positive link between good governance and economic development. There is an increasing appreciation of the effective role that local policy research organizations (PROs) can play in providing evidence-based policy recommendations as the basis for sound legislation and in assessing the efficacy of…

Struyk, Raymond J.; Damon, Mawadda; Haddaway, Samuel R.

2011-01-01

181

Homeopathy – what are the active ingredients? An exploratory study using the UK Medical Research Council's framework for the evaluation of complex interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Research in homeopathy has traditionally addressed itself to defining the effectiveness of homeopathic potencies in comparison to placebo medication. There is now increasing awareness that the homeopathic consultation is in itself a therapeutic intervention working independently or synergistically with the prescribed remedy. Our objective was to identify and evalute potential \\

Trevor DB Thompson; Marjorie Weiss

2006-01-01

182

ABRF-MARG RESEARCH STUDY: EVALUATION OF SMALL SAMPLE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING  

EPA Science Inventory

Microarrays have had a significant impact on many areas of biology. However, there are still many fertile research areas that would benefit from microarray analysis but are limited by the amount of biological material that can be obtained (e.g. samples obtained by small biopsy, f...

183

Evaluation of the National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program (IGERT): Follow-Up Study of IGERT Graduates. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) program supports students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields who participate in university-developed interdisciplinary graduate training experiences. Faculty members at each IGERT site develop a series of education…

Carney, Jennifer; Martinez, Alina; Dreier, John; Neishi, Kristen; Parsad, Amanda

2011-01-01

184

Research Steps Towards Human Sequence Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human Sequence Evaluation (HSE) concentrates on how to extract descriptions of human behaviour from videos in a restricted discourse domain, such as (i) pedestrians crossing inner-city roads where pedestrians appear approaching or waiting at stops of busses or trams, and (ii) humans in indoor worlds like an airport hall, a train station, or a lobby. These discourse domains allow exploring a coherent evaluation of human movements and facial expressions across a wide variation of scale. This general approach lends itself to various cognitive surveillance scenarios at varying degrees of resolution: from wide-field-of-view multiple-agent scenes, through to more specific inferences of emotional state that could be elicited from high resolution imagery of faces. The true challenge of HSE will consist of the development of a system facility which starts with basic knowledge about pedestrian behaviour in the chosen discourse domain, but could cluster evaluation results into semantically meaningful subsets of behaviours. The envisaged system will comprise an internal logic-based representation which enables it to comment each individual subset, giving natural language explanations of why the system has created the subset in question.

Gonzàlez, Jordi; Roca, F. Xavier; Villanueva, Juan J.

185

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

186

Research strategies for behavioral teratology studies.  

PubMed Central

Several compelling aruguments have been advanced in support of expanding the use of "behavioral teratology" evaluations as routine components of toxicologic screening procedures. As a basis for development of effective behavioral teratology screening approaches, a conceptual framework is presented which interrelates: (1) changes in relative functional brain capacity with age, (2) possible times and durations of exposures to environmental insults, and (3) various types of toxicity testing procedures carried out at appropriate time points in relation to different exposure period. Within the context, several research strategies for behavioral teratology studies are concisely posed and evaluated. These include: (1) clinical hypothesis testing, where particular effect(s) of a given agent are evaluated based on hypotheses derived from clinical or epidemiological observations; (2) comprehensive screening approaches, where multifaceted, long-term longitudinal neurobehavioral evaluations are employed to assess whether any of a large number of possible deletarious effects are exerted by an agent and at what threshold exposure levels; (3) alternative screening heuristics, by which adequate assessments of neurobehavioral toxicity of various agents may be accomplished without completion of more exhaustive, but also more expensive and time-consuming comprehensive screening protocols. PMID:1030403

Grant, L D

1976-01-01

187

Alternatives to Peer Review: Novel Approaches for Research Evaluation  

PubMed Central

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

188

Alternatives to peer review: novel approaches for research evaluation.  

PubMed

In this paper we review several novel approaches for research evaluation. We start with a brief overview of the peer review, its controversies, and metrics for assessing efficiency and overall quality of the peer review. We then discuss five approaches, including reputation-based ones, that come out of the research carried out by the LiquidPub project and research groups collaborated with LiquidPub. Those approaches are alternative or complementary to traditional peer review. We discuss pros and cons of the proposed approaches and conclude with a vision for the future of the research evaluation, arguing that no single system can suit all stakeholders in various communities. PMID:22174702

Birukou, Aliaksandr; Wakeling, Joseph Rushton; Bartolini, Claudio; Casati, Fabio; Marchese, Maurizio; Mirylenka, Katsiaryna; Osman, Nardine; Ragone, Azzurra; Sierra, Carles; Wassef, Aalam

2011-01-01

189

Using Multiple Measures To Evaluate the Performance of Students and Schools: Learning from the Cases of Kentucky and Maine. Research Report. Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSI) Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the product of the first year of study of the Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSI) Study on exploring data and methods to assess and understand the performance of states participating in the SSI. The report describes three sets of studies. The first studied valid and reliable measures of student achievement, and how to combine…

Lee, Jaekyung; Coladarci, Theodore

190

RESEARCH PLAN FOR PILOT STUDIES OF THE BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH CONSORTIUM  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents a research plan for an assessment of risks to biodiversity. he plan describes the theoretical basis of the research approach and the data and methods to be used in the assessment. nitial research activities are formulated as a set of pilot studies that will e...

191

Research plan for pilot studies of the biodiversity research consortium  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a research plan for an assessment of risks to biodiversity. The plan describes the theoretical basis of the research approach and the data and methods to be used in the assessment. Initial research activities are formulated as a set of pilot studies that will examine nine research questions concerning the assumptions, data, and methods of the approach. A collection of government, academic, and nongovernmental organizations, called the Biodiversity Research Consortium, has developed this research approach and prepared the plan. Authors of the plan represent current members of the Consortium.

Kiester, A.R.; White, D.; Preston, E.M.; Master, L.L.; Loveland, T.R.

1993-06-03

192

Evaluation of the Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy A Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated is the treatment of diabetic retinopathy (blindness due to ruptured vessels of the retina as a side effect of diabetes), and described is a research project comparing two types of photocoagulation treatment. (DB)

Kupfer, Carl

1973-01-01

193

Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... Groups Español Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies This booklet is for people with cancer who ... joining a clinical trial, which is a research study that involves people. PDF This booklet explains: How ...

194

The TIPS Evaluation Project: A Theory-Driven Approach to Dissemination Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the special section that focuses on four major studies under the treatment improvement protocols (TIPs) evaluation project. Provides an overview of each article, and addresses the value of using a theory-driven approach to dissemination research. (SLD)

Mulvey, Kevin P.; Hayashi, Susan W.; Hubbard, Susan M.; Kopstien, Andrea; Huang, Judy Y.

2003-01-01

195

Training Evaluation: An Empirical Study in Kuwait.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of training evaluation activity and challenges in 77 Kuwaiti organizations found that most respondents evaluate their programs only occasionally through the use of questionnaires. Most use the Kilpatrick model for evaluation and the most common level of evaluation is reaction type. (Contains 24 references.) (JOW)

Al-Athari, Ahmad; Zairi, Mohamed

2002-01-01

196

Fenestration System Performance Research, Testing, and Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The US DOE was and is instrumental to NFRC's beginning and its continued success. The 2005 to 2009 funding enables NFRC to continue expanding and create new, improved ratings procedures. Research funded by the US DOE enables increased fenestration energy rating accuracy. International harmonization efforts supported by the US DOE allow the US to be the global leader in fenestration energy ratings. Many other governments are working with the NFRC to share its experience and knowledge toward development of their own national fenestration rating process similar to the NFRC's. The broad and diverse membership composition of NFRC allows anyone with a fenestration interest to come forward with an idea or improvement to the entire fenestration community for consideration. The NFRC looks forward to the next several years of growth while remaining the nation's resource for fair, accurate, and credible fenestration product energy ratings. NFRC continues to improve its rating system by considering new research, methodologies, and expanding to include new fenestration products. Currently, NFRC is working towards attachment energy ratings. Attachments are blinds, shades, awnings, and overhangs. Attachments may enable a building to achieve significant energy savings. An NFRC rating will enable fair competition, a basis for code references, and a new ENERGY STAR product category. NFRC also is developing rating methods to consider non specular glazing such as fritted glass. Commercial applications frequently use fritted glazing, but no rating method exists. NFRC is testing new software that may enable this new rating and contribute further to energy conservation. Around the world, many nations are seeking new energy conservation methods and NFRC is poised to harmonize its rating system assisting these nations to better manage and conserve energy in buildings by using NFRC rated and labeled fenestration products. As this report has shown, much more work needs to be done to continues research to improve existing ratings and develop new ones. NFRC needs to continue the work it has begun in several nations to implement the NFRC rating system that has been introduced. Many nations are eager to accept the expertise NFRC can offer to achieve energy conservation goals. NFRC looks forward to a continues partnership with the US Department of Energy to cooperatively achieve both.

Jim Benney

2009-11-30

197

Evaluating a collaborative IT based research and development project.  

PubMed

In common with all projects, evaluating an Information Technology (IT) based research and development project is necessary in order to discover whether or not the outcomes of the project are successful. However, evaluating large-scale collaborative projects is especially difficult as: (i) stakeholders from different countries are involved who, almost inevitably, have diverse technological and/or application domain backgrounds and objectives; (ii) multiple and sometimes conflicting application specific and user-defined requirements exist; and (iii) multiple and often conflicting technological research and development objectives are apparent. In this paper, we share our experiences based on the large-scale integrated research project - The HUMBOLDT project - with project duration of 54 months, involving contributions from 27 partner organisations, plus 4 sub-contractors from 14 different European countries. In the HUMBOLDT project, a specific evaluation methodology was defined and utilised for the user evaluation of the project outcomes. The user evaluation performed on the HUMBOLDT Framework and its associated nine application scenarios from various application domains, resulted in not only an evaluation of the integrated project, but also revealed the benefits and disadvantages of the evaluation methodology. This paper presents the evaluation methodology, discusses in detail the process of applying it to the HUMBOLDT project and provides an in-depth analysis of the results, which can be usefully applied to other collaborative research projects in a variety of domains. PMID:23728205

Khan, Zaheer; Ludlow, David; Caceres, Santiago

2013-10-01

198

Distributed Query Evaluation with Performance Guarantees Microsoft Research Asia  

E-print Network

Distributed Query Evaluation with Performance Guarantees Gao Cong Microsoft Research Asia gaocong computation is comparable to that of centralized algorithms on the tree stored in a single site. We show both F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 Figure 1: Investment company clientele rough idea of partial evaluation (see [18

Fan, Wenfei

199

The Program Evaluator: The ESL Researcher without Portfolio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge for the English-as-a-Second-Language program evaluator is to address the questions posed by those individuals who want the evaluation without compromising academic research standards. Development of a form of "disciplined inquiry" that maintains standards while addressing real-world concerns is discussed. (71 references)…

Beretta, Alan

1990-01-01

200

Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress first called for the Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation (the "Committee") in its 1998 reauthorization of the Head Start program, with a requirement that the Secretary of Health and Human Services convene a panel of experts to inform the Department about the design of a newly required national evaluation of the…

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2012

2012-01-01

201

Evaluation, Analysis, and Research (SPEAR) Testbed at AFRL\\/RRS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past year much interest has been given to developing new algorithms and strategies to approach radar signal processing using a priori or acquired knowledge. To meet the demands for the ongoing interest in evaluation of these new techniques, AFRL\\/DARPA has developed a scalable Signal Processing Evaluation, Analysis & Research (SPEAR) testbed to effectively analyze any new algorithms. SPEAR

Parametric Tracker; KAT Tracker; Jeffrey E. Tyler; William Baldygo; Robert Bozek; Todd Cushman; Mark Novak; Walter Szczepanski

202

Connecting Practitioners and Researchers: An Evaluation of NCSALL's Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network. NCSALL Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of the National Center for Study Adult Learning Literacy's (NCSALL's) Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network was examined by reviewing how, from 1997 to 2001, adult basic education teachers from 14 states served as liaisons between practitioners in their states and the NCSALL by engaging in the following activities:…

Smith, Christine; Bingman, Mary Beth; Hofer, Judy; Medina, Patsy

203

Research Methods and Intelligibility Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper first briefly reviews the concept of intelligibility as it has been employed in both English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) and world Englishes (WE) research. It then examines the findings of the Lingua Franca Core (LFC), a list of phonological features that empirical research has shown to be important for safeguarding mutual intelligibility…

Sewell, Andrew

2010-01-01

204

Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 2002-2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first 10 articles of volume 8 of the electronic journal "Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation" published in 2002-2003: (1) "Using Electronic Surveys: Advice from Survey Professionals" (David M. Shannon, Todd E. Johnson, Shelby Searcy, and Alan Lott); (2) "Four Assumptions of Multiple Regression That Researchers

Rudner, Lawrence M., Ed.; Schaefer, William D., Ed.

2000-01-01

205

PART III. EVALUATION OF RESEARCH-BASED TEACHING METHODS  

E-print Network

253 PART III. EVALUATION OF RESEARCH-BASED TEACHING METHODS Chapter 8. Courses, Teaching Methods of the implementation. This is one reason why when an institution adopts a curriculum or teaching method developed as they are at the developing institution. Each of the three research-based teaching methods discussed in this chapter have

Maryland at College Park, University of

206

EPA Research Evaluating CAFO Impacts on Ground Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of several projects will be presented on a research program currently underway at ORD?s Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division (GWERD) to evaluate CAFO impacts on ground water quality. The overall research objectives are to characterize the potential for gro...

207

The Great Parking Debate A Research Methods Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two friends debate whether people leave their parking spaces faster if others are waiting. They decide to see if they can design a study to test their ideas.  In this interrupted case study, students develop a research question and hypothesis and consider how to test a hypothesis. Students read about what researchers have done to answer the research question and identify and evaluate different research designs. Students are also asked to evaluate data. Developed for a use in an introductory psychology course to cover terms and concepts related to research methods, the case could be used in other introductory science classes, early in research methods courses, or in upper-level social science courses.

Jennifer Feenstra

2011-01-01

208

Ground motion input in seismic evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

This report documents research pertaining to conservatism and variability in seismic risk estimates. Specifically, it examines whether or not artificial motions produce unrealistic evaluation demands, i.e., demands significantly inconsistent with those expected from real earthquake motions. To study these issues, two types of artificial motions are considered: (a) motions with smooth response spectra, and (b) motions with realistic variations in spectral amplitude across vibration frequency. For both types of artificial motion, time histories are generated to match target spectral shapes. For comparison, empirical motions representative of those that might result from strong earthquakes in the Eastern U.S. are also considered. The study findings suggest that artificial motions resulting from typical simulation approaches (aimed at matching a given target spectrum) are generally adequate and appropriate in representing the peak-response demands that may be induced in linear structures and equipment responding to real earthquake motions. Also, given similar input Fourier energies at high-frequencies, levels of input Fourier energy at low frequencies observed for artificial motions are substantially similar to those levels noted in real earthquake motions. In addition, the study reveals specific problems resulting from the application of Western U.S. type motions for seismic evaluation of Eastern U.S. nuclear power plants.

Sewell, R.T.; Wu, S.C.

1996-07-01

209

Toward Better Research on--and Thinking about--Evaluation Influence, Especially in Multisite Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation is typically carried out with the intention of making a difference in the understandings and actions of stakeholders and decision makers. The author provides a general review of the concepts of evaluation "use," evaluation "influence," and "influence pathways," with connections to multisite evaluations. The study of evaluation influence…

Mark, Melvin M.

2011-01-01

210

Research Article Evaluation of Noninvasive Genetic Sampling  

E-print Network

genetic sampling, Puma concolor, radio-collar, snow tracking, Yellowstone National Park. Reliable. Carnivores such as cougars (Puma concolor) are particularly difficult to study due to their large home ranges State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA ABSTRACT Conventional methods for monitoring cougar, Puma

Kalinowski, Steven T

211

Project Head Start Research and Evaluation Center, Syracuse University Research Institute. Final Report, November 1, 1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the research activities of the Syracuse University Evaluation and Research Center for the year September 1, 1966 through August 31, 1967. This final report is organized on the basis of six research projects, which have been abstracted under the following titles and numbers: (1) Experiments in Grammatical Processing in…

Hall, Vernon; And Others

212

Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER): evaluation of 114 measures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Performance Evaluation Tests for Environmental Research (PETER) Program was to identify a set of measures of human capabilities for use in the study of environmental and other time-course effects. 114 measures studied in the PETER Program were evaluated and categorized into four groups based upon task stability and task definition. The Recommended category contained 30 measures that clearly obtained total stabilization and had an acceptable level of reliability efficiency. The Acceptable-But-Redundant category contained 15 measures. The 37 measures in the Marginal category, which included an inordinate number of slope and other derived measures, usually had desirable features which were outweighed by faults. The 32 measures in the Unacceptable category had either differential instability or weak reliability efficiency. It is our opinion that the 30 measures in the Recommended category should be given first consideration for environmental research applications. Further, it is recommended that information pertaining to preexperimental practice requirements and stabilized reliabilities should be utilized in repeated-measures environmental studies.

Bittner, A. C. Jr; Carter, R. C.; Kennedy, R. S.; Harbeson, M. M.; Krause, M.

1986-01-01

213

NORTHERN OHIO AEROSOL STUDY: STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

A consortium of Universities, located in northwest Ohio have received funds to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of land applied biosolids in that state. This USDA funded study includes observing land application practices and evaluating biosolids, soils, runoff water and bioaer...

214

Program of Study Research Facilities  

E-print Network

· Geospatial semantic wed · Multimodal spatial cognition and interface design · Distributed spatial computing of mobile, spatial, and context-aware technologies, the building of interoperable coordinated information, computer processing, research methods, information systems design, and multimedia communications

Thomas, Andrew

215

User evaluation of ride technology research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 23 organizations queried represent government, carrier, and manufacturing interests in air, marine, rail, and surface transportation systems. Results indicate a strong need for common terminology and data analysis/reporting techniques. The various types of ride criteria currently in use are discussed, particularly in terms of their respective data base requirements. A plan of action is proposed for fulfilling the ride technology needs identified by this study.

Mckenzie, J. R.; Brumaghim, S. H.

1976-01-01

216

Designing evaluations: A study examining preferred evaluation designs of educational evaluators  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of educational evaluators was asked to design an outcomes-focused evaluation of a school program that aims to improve the academic achievement and self-esteem of students. Evaluators provided detailed descriptions of their evaluation design and methodology in their responses. These descriptions were coded and analyzed to determine the design trends of practicing educational evaluators. Findings from the study indicated

Tarek Azzam; Michael Szanyi

2011-01-01

217

Managing Tensions between Evaluation and Research: Illustrative Cases of Developmental Evaluation in the Context of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental evaluation (DE), essentially conceptualized by Patton over the past 30 years, is a promising evaluative approach intended to support social innovation and the deployment of complex interventions. Its use is often justified by the complex nature of the interventions being evaluated and the need to produce useful results in real time.…

Rey, Lynda; Tremblay, Marie-Claude; Brousselle, Astrid

2014-01-01

218

Qualitative Case Study Research in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to using qualitative case study research in business education explains methodological steps and decisions, illustrated with examples from business research. It addresses data analysis and interpretation, including discussion of software tools. (Contains 25 references.) (SK)

O'Connor, Bridget N.

2002-01-01

219

Institute of Development Studies Research on Globalisation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Development Studies (IDS) is an internationally known center for development research and study located in Bristol, England. The Globalisation team creates policy-related research and advisory agendas focused on "spreading the gains of globalisation" to all people equally. Be sure to explore the Recent Highlights section of the Website, which contains excellent briefs on the Globalisation team's current research. The Current Activities section of the site explains the team's current research interests in fascinating, easy-to-understand language.

220

75 FR 6401 - Medical Devices Regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research; Availability of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...No. FDA-2009-M-0513] Medical Devices Regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research; Availability of Summaries...for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER). This list is intended...for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and...

2010-02-09

221

75 FR 34452 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Data Standards Plan; Availability for Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). The draft plan...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...submissions, and a robust computational infrastructure would...

2010-06-17

222

76 FR 42712 - Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Children and Families Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation AGENCY...Name of Committee: Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation. General...Committee: The Advisory Committee for Head Start Research and Evaluation will...

2011-07-19

223

Research melter feed additives study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 774-A Research Melter recently completed a series of runs to determine a feed additive capable of increasing the glass melting rate. The experimental plan was based upon operating experiences during West Valley Nuclear Corporation's pilot plant campaigns. Their observations had yielded a correlation of soluble calcium vs glass melting rate. The test plan included three runs using Sludge-Only Frit

1987-01-01

224

An Action Research Approach to Standardizing the Evaluation of Diagnostic Psychomotor Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effective evaluation of performance diagnostic skills is essential to determine the clinical competency of students in the health care professions. This study describes an iterative, participatory approach to the development of standardized methods for the evaluation of students' diagnostic psychomotor skills. An action research design was utilized to foster a collaborative appraisal of current performance assessment practices in the

David P. Waalen; Judith K. Waalen; Franklin J. Medio

2000-01-01

225

Evaluation of undergraduate research experience: Perceptions of undergraduate interns and their faculty mentors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the extent to which 14 research skills were enhanced by science undergraduates' participation in an undergraduate research experience (URE). Fifty-seven undergraduates self-rated their ability to perform the skills at the beginning and end of the URE. Faculty mentors' ratings of their respective interns' skills served as an objective measure of intern skill level. Mentor and intern data

CarolAnne M. Kardash

2000-01-01

226

Evaluation and Research Program for the Portable Braille Recorder (PBR). Volume I. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation and research program was designed to determine user satisfaction and the practicality, reliability, and maintainability of the Digicassette (or Portable Braille Recorder--PBR) and to study the braille reading and writing functions. Ten PBRs were placed with 14 students and 14 adults. Products of the research program included training…

Ashcroft, S. C.

227

Evaluation of a two year undergraduate research experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a longitudinal study of a two year undergraduate research experience. While the project involves open ended research in thin films, we believe our experiences can easily be representative of other research areas. We observed a connection between complexity and amount of tasks versus interests and performance and remark on the factors that influence the outcome. )

Topasna, Daniela M.; Topasna, Gregory A.

2010-02-01

228

Evaluation Policy to Implementation: An Evaluation of Scientifically Based Research in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation policies set an important frame of reference for how evaluations are implemented. Despite the central influence that policies play in how evaluations are conducted, little empirical work has been conducted to better understand how these policies are interpreted and implemented. This paper describes the findings of case study evaluation

Christie, Christina A.; Fierro, Leslie A.

2012-01-01

229

A Set of Principles for Conducting and Evaluating Interpretive Field Studies in Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the conduct and evaluation of interpretive research in information systems. While the conventions for evaluating information systems case studies conducted according to the natural science model of social science are now widely accepted, this is not the case for interpre- tive field studies. A set of principles for the con- duct and evaluation of interpretive field research

Heinz K. Klein; Michael D. Myers

1999-01-01

230

70 FR 24824 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks Summary: Under the provisions of Section...Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks. Type of Information Collection Request...research by promoting clinical research networks to rapidly conduct high quality...

2005-05-11

231

ATBC Study - Research Consortium Projects  

Cancer.gov

In collaboration with other extramural and intramural studies, the ATBC Study participates in several large consortium projects of nutritional and other environmental factors, candidate genes and pathways, and genome-wide association studies, contributing scientific expertise, data and cohort resources, and intramural support to these investigations. Several of the projects are described here.

232

Researching the Study Abroad Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors propose a paradigm for rigorous scientific assessment of study abroad programs, with the focus being on how study abroad experiences affect psychological constructs as opposed to looking solely at study-abroad-related outcomes. Social learning theory is used as a possible theoretical basis for making testable hypotheses and guiding…

McLeod, Mark; Wainwright, Philip

2009-01-01

233

Research studies with the International Ultraviolet Explorer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IUE research studies comprises 118 separate research programs involving observations, data analysis, and research conducted of the IUE satellite and the NASA Astrophysics Data Program. Herein are presented 92 programs. For each program there is a title, program ID, name of the investigator, statement of work, summary of results, and list of publications.

1991-01-01

234

Synthetic vision display evaluation studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this research was to help us understand the display requirements for a synthetic vision system for the High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT). Four experiments were conducted to examine the effects of different levels of perceptual cue complexity in displays used by pilots in a flare and landing task. Increased levels of texture mapping of terrain and runway produced mixed results, including harder but shorter landings and a lower flare initiation altitude. Under higher workload conditions, increased texture resulted in an improvement in performance. An increase in familiar size cues did not result in improved performance. Only a small difference was found between displays using two patterns of high resolution texture mapping. The effects of increased perceptual cue complexity on performance was not as strong as would be predicted from the pilot's subjective reports or from related literature. A description of the role of a synthetic vision system in the High Speed Civil Transport is provide along with a literature review covering applied research related to perceptual cue usage in aircraft displays.

Regal, David M.; Whittington, David H.

1994-01-01

235

Research study of pressure instrumentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To obtain a more vibration resistant pressure sensor for use on the Space Shuttle Main Engine, a proximity probe based, diaphragm type pressure sensor breadboard was developed. A fiber optic proximity probe was selected as the sensor. In combination with existing electronics, a thermal stability evaluation of the entire probe system was made. Based upon the results, a breadboard design of the pressure sensor and electronics was made and fabricated. A brief series of functional experiments was made with the breadboard to calibrate, thermally compensate, and linearize its response. In these experiments, the performance obtained in the temperature range of -320 F (liquid N2) to +200 F was comparable to that of the strain gage based sensor presently in use on the engine. In tests at NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), after some time at or near liquid nitrogen temperatures, the sensor output varied over the entire output range. These large spurious signals were attributed to condensation of air in the sensing gap. In the next phase of development of this sensor, an evaluation of fabrication techniques toward greater thermal and mechanical stability of the fiber probe assembly must be made. In addition to this, a positive optics to metal seal must be developed to withstand the pressure that would result from a diaphragm failure.

Hoogenboom, L.; Hull-Allen, G.

1984-01-01

236

Research Methods for Genetic Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter introduces the basic concepts of genes and genetic studies to clinicians. Some of the relevant methods and issues\\u000a in genetic epidemiology studies are briefly discussed with an emphasis on single nucleotide polymorphism based association\\u000a studies which are currently the main focus of clinical and translational genetics.\\u000a \\u000a Genetics is the fundamental basis of any organism so understanding of genetics

Sadeep Shrestha; Donna K. Arnett

237

A New Tool for Identifying Research Standards and Evaluating Research Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has been written about the evaluation of faculty research productivity in promotion and tenure decisions, including many articles that seek to determine the rank of various marketing journals. Yet how faculty evaluators combine journal quality, quantity, and author contribution to form judgments of a scholar's performance is unclear. A…

Bacon, Donald R.; Paul, Pallab; Stewart, Kim A.; Mukhopadhyay, Kausiki

2012-01-01

238

SEASAT SAR performance evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance of the SEASAT synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensor was evaluated using data processed by the MDA digital processor. Two particular aspects are considered the location accuracy of image data, and the calibration of the measured backscatter amplitude of a set of corner reflectors. The image location accuracy was assessed by selecting identifiable targets in several scenes, converting their image location to UTM coordinates, and comparing the results to map sheets. The error standard deviation is measured to be approximately 30 meters. The amplitude was calibrated by measuring the responses of the Goldstone corner reflector array and comparing the results to theoretical values. A linear regression of the measured against theoretical values results in a slope of 0.954 with a correlation coefficient of 0.970.

1982-01-01

239

Experimental study and evaluation of radioprotective drugs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experimental study evaluates radioprotective drugs administered before exposure either orally or intravenously. Specifically studied are the sources of radiation, choice of radiation dose, choice of animals, administration of drugs, the toxicity of protective agents and types of protective drug.

Smith, D. E.; Thomson, J. F.

1968-01-01

240

Medicare and Clinical Research Studies  

MedlinePLUS

... the study at any time. ? 4 What’s a placebo, and will I be given one? A placebo is an inactive substance (like a sugar pill) ... study may compare a new treatment with a placebo to find out if the new treatment has ...

241

Evaluating Conflicts of Interest in Research Presented in CME Venues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: There is much in the literature regarding the potential for commercial bias in clinical research and in continuing medical education (CME), but no studies were found regarding the potential for bias in reporting original research in CME venues. This pilot study investigated the presence of perceived bias in oral and print content of…

Davis, Nancy L.; Galliher, James M.; Spano, Mindy S.; Main, Deborah S.; Brannigan, Michael; Pace, Wilson D.

2008-01-01

242

An Evaluative and Prescriptive Look at Graphics Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphics research history shows that some topics have been studied heavily while others have been almost entirely neglected. Furthermore, researchers have used many different methods of defining and measuring effects such as legibility and comprehension, and this, together with vagueness in reporting, makes it difficult to compare studies and draw…

Soderston, Candace

243

Developing a framework for critiquing health research: an early evaluation.  

PubMed

A new framework for critiquing health-related research is presented in this article. More commonly used existing frameworks tend to have been formulated within the quantitative research paradigm. While frameworks for critiquing qualitative research exist, they are often complex and more suited to the needs of students engaged in advanced levels of study. The framework presented in this article addresses both quantitative and qualitative research within one list of questions. It is argued that this assists the 'novice' student of nursing and health-related research with learning about the two approaches to research by giving consideration to aspects of the research process that are common to both approaches and also that differ between quantitative and qualitative research. PMID:21185111

Caldwell, Kay; Henshaw, Lynne; Taylor, Georgina

2011-11-01

244

Home Start Evaluation Study. Interim Case Studies IIb.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight interim case study summaries included in this booklet are part of "Report II" of the "Home Start Evaluation Study." Each case study was developed after field visits to each of the demonstration programs by case study workers from the evaluation agencies. The summaries are divided into six areas: (1) a statistical description of the…

High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI.

245

RESEARCH Open Access Design and field evaluation of geographical  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access Design and field evaluation of geographical location-aware service discovery://jwcn.eurasipjournals.com/content/2012/1/29 © 2012 Noguchi et al; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under position inside dynamic mobile environments. In this article, we propose a geographical location aware

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

A TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH AND EVALUATION  

PubMed Central

An integrated perspective consists of macro- and micro-level approaches to health policy research and evaluation is presented. Analytical strategies are suggested for policy analysis, targeting on health disparities at individual and population levels. This systems approach enables investigators to view how scientific public policy analysis can be implemented to assess policy impacts. In this special issue, five papers are introduced. PMID:25419221

Wan, Thomas T.H.

2014-01-01

247

Design and Evaluation in Visualization Research Panel Organizer  

E-print Network

Design and Evaluation in Visualization Research Panel Organizer: Donald House, Texas A&M University visualizations of flow around the wings of bats in flight; Figure 1 shows some example designs from the class have found. Figure 1. Designer inspired bat wing airflow visualizations 705 IEEE Visualization 2005

Laidlaw, David

248

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System  

E-print Network

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System Backpack Transmitter for Wild Turkey inac- curate due to triangulation error. However, new technology, such as Global Positioning Systems telemetric methods. Ã? 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS Global Positioning System, habitat selection

Butler, Matthew J.

249

Terminology and Evaluation: Two Challenges for Awareness Systems Research  

E-print Network

awareness, presence awareness, situational awareness, social awareness, and task awareness. It is time1 Terminology and Evaluation: Two Challenges for Awareness Systems Research Position paper for CHI 2005 Workshop on Awareness systems: Known Results, Theory, Concepts and Future Challenges A.J. Bernheim

Hunt, Galen

250

Program Evaluation and Research Designs. NBER Working Paper No. 16016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a selective review of some contemporary approaches to program evaluation. One motivation for our review is the recent emergence and increasing use of a particular kind of "program" in applied microeconomic research, the so-called Regression Discontinuity (RD) Design of Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960). We organize our…

DiNardo, John; Lee, David S.

2010-01-01

251

Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project: Cross-site evaluation method  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD) project links public health and primary care interventions in three projects described in detail in accompanying articles in this issue of Childhood Obesity. This article describes a comprehensive evaluation plan to determine the extent to which th...

252

New Opportunities and Directions in Home Visiting Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe the research and evaluation activities connected to the new Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting program. The goal of these activities is to provide information on federal, state, and local efforts to strengthen programs by providing much needed knowledge on the best ways to support the implementation of home…

Supplee, Lauren H.; Harwood, Robin L.; Margie, Nancy Geyelin; Meyer, Aleta L.

2013-01-01

253

COLUMBIA VALLEY UNDERGRADUATE ASIAN STUDIES RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM  

E-print Network

COLUMBIA VALLEY UNDERGRADUATE ASIAN STUDIES RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM April 15-16, 2011 WSU-Pullman Sponsored by the WSU Asia Program #12;Columbia Valley Undergraduate Asian Studies Research Symposium April Nikki Brueggeman The Rise of the Sickle And Hammer In Southeast Asia David Wilson Japanese Ultra

Collins, Gary S.

254

Lesson Study for Professional Development and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we demonstrate that "lesson study" may be adapted from its primary use as a professional development strategy for use as a research strategy, especially to identify principles of good lesson design. We report on a project undertaken in two Australian secondary schools where lesson study research was used to investigate the design of…

Pierce, Robyn; Stacey, Kaye

2011-01-01

255

Evaluation of the Project Studies in Social Studies Course of Secondary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate project studies in the 6th and 7th grades social studies courses of secondary schools according to opinions of students. This study is a descriptive research in the survey model. The sample is 880 students selected from 6th and 7th grades of 22 secondary schools randomly in central province of Kastamonu. As a…

Ibret, B. Unal; Recepoglu, Ergun; Karasu, Emine; Recepoglu, Serpil

2013-01-01

256

Clinical Applications of Evaluation Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of followup investigations exploring the impact of methadone maintenance treatment, methadone detoxification treatment, therapeutic communities, and outpatient drug-free treatment for the drug abuser was conducted. Limitations of these modalities were revealed in the followup studies. Implications for treatment and policy include: (1)…

Brown, Barry S.

257

Research melter feed additives study  

SciTech Connect

The 774-A Research Melter recently completed a series of runs to determine a feed additive capable of increasing the glass melting rate. The experimental plan was based upon operating experiences during West Valley Nuclear Corporation's pilot plant campaigns. Their observations had yielded a correlation of soluble calcium vs glass melting rate. The test plan included three runs using Sludge-Only Frit 165 based feed and three runs designed to vary the amount of soluble calcium. Nitric acid was added to increase the soluble calcium and duplicate the West Valley pilot plant operation, sodium fluoride was added to reduce the soluble calcium (while not reducing the pH), and sodium nitrate was added to check for nitrate effects. The feed treated with nitric acid melted 50% faster than any other material. Nitric acid as a feed additive may allow the glass to become more oxidizing with a less likelihood of forming metals in the glass melt. 2 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Carter, J.T.

1987-05-29

258

Program of Study Research Facilities  

E-print Network

and Environmental Engineering offers the Master of Science, and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Areas of study include of applications. The Graduate School charges a non-refundable application fee and will not process applications recently been renovated and is equipped with high quality, advanced strength and consolidation testing

Thomas, Andrew

259

Volunteers needed for Research study  

E-print Network

School seek healthy volunteers to participate in a study on the effects of genes on brain function between genes and brain function, then, for more details please Contact: (617) 643-7273 or genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617-643-7273 genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617-643-7273 genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617

Bar, Moshe

260

Hispanic Studies Research Seminar Series  

E-print Network

Kirsty Hooper (Warwick) "'Nothing's Spainful in the Exhibition': the Failed Earl's Court Spanish Lecture `Galdós and 1812' Wed. 5 Dec. Stacey Dunlea (PhD student in Hispanic Studies, University of Sheffield) TBC All welcome For more information, please contact Peter Watt (p.watt@sheffield.ac.uk) #12;

Oakley, Jeremy

261

Research on Maintainability Evaluation Model Based on Fuzzy Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maintainability influencing attributes are analyzed, their weight and value calculating methods are given, and the maintainability fuzzy evaluation method is proposed based on the relative closeness. According to the maintenance task simulation operated in virtual environment, the maintainability virtual evaluation model is built by analyzing the maintenance task for each replaceable unit of product. At last, a case study is

Lu Zhong; Sun Youchao

2007-01-01

262

The Custody Evaluation Handbook: Research-Based Solutions and Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three of the most challenging problems in the custody evaluation field follow from: (1) the difficulties involved in adapting data derived from group studies or traditional tests into a form for individual cases; (2) the absence of clear and compelling guidelines to aggregate the information collected in a comprehensive evaluation; and (3) the…

Bricklin, Barry

263

Digital Libraries and Repositories in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital…

Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.

2008-01-01

264

Pasadena City College SIGI Project Research Design. Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study evaluation of SIGI (System of Interactive Guidance and Information) at Pasadena City College in 1974-75 tested the effectiveness of an experimental research design for an expanded field test of the system the following year. (SIGI is a computer based career guidance program designed by Educational Testing Service to assist community…

Risser, John J.; Tulley, John E.

265

An evaluation of the 'Designated Research Team' approach to building research capacity in primary care  

PubMed Central

Background This paper describes an evaluation of an initiative to increase the research capability of clinical groups in primary and community care settings in a region of the United Kingdom. The 'designated research team' (DRT) approach was evaluated using indicators derived from a framework of six principles for research capacity building (RCB) which include: building skills and confidence, relevance to practice, dissemination, linkages and collaborations, sustainability and infrastructure development. Methods Information was collated on the context, activities, experiences, outputs and impacts of six clinical research teams supported by Trent Research Development Support Unit (RDSU) as DRTs. Process and outcome data from each of the teams was used to evaluate the extent to which the DRT approach was effective in building research capacity in each of the six principles (as evidenced by twenty possible indicators of research capacity development). Results The DRT approach was found to be well aligned to the principles of RCB and generally effective in developing research capabilities. It proved particularly effective in developing linkages, collaborations and skills. Where research capacity was slow to develop, this was reflected in poor alignment between the principles of RCB and the characteristics of the team, their activities or environment. One team was unable to develop a research project and the funding was withdrawn at an early stage. For at least one individual in each of the remaining five teams, research activity was sustained beyond the funding period through research partnerships and funding successes. An enabling infrastructure, including being freed from clinical duties to undertake research, and support from senior management were found to be important determinants of successful DRT development. Research questions of DRTs were derived from practice issues and several projects generated outputs with potential to change daily practice, including the use of research evidence in practice and in planning service changes. Conclusion The DRT approach was effective at RCB in teams situated in a supportive organisation and in particular, where team members could be freed from clinical duties and management backing was strong. The developmental stage of the team and the research experience of constituent members also appeared to influence success. The six principles of RCB were shown to be useful as a framework for both developing and evaluating RCB initiatives. PMID:18588685

Cooke, Jo; Nancarrow, Susan; Dyas, Jane; Williams, Martin

2008-01-01

266

Evaluating International Research Ethics Capacity Development: An Empirical Approach  

PubMed Central

The US National Institutes of health, Fogarty International Center (NIH-FIC) has, for the past 13 years, been a leading funder of international research ethics education for resource-limited settings. Nearly half of the NIH-FIC funding in this area has gone to training programs that train individuals from sub-Saharan Africa. Identifying the impact of training investments, as well as the potential predictors of post-training success, can support curricular decision-making, help establish funding priorities, and recognize the ultimate outcomes of trainees and training programs. Comprehensive evaluation frameworks and targeted evaluation tools for bioethics training programs generally, and for international research ethics programs in particular, are largely absent from published literature. This paper shares an original conceptual framework, data collection tool, and detailed methods for evaluating the inputs, processes, outputs, and outcomes of research ethics training programs serving individuals in resource-limited settings. This paper is part of a collection of papers analyzing the Fogarty International Center’s International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development program. PMID:24782071

Ali, Joseph; Kass, Nancy E.; Sewankambo, Nelson K.; White, Tara D.; Hyder, Adnan A.

2014-01-01

267

Worldwide trends in funding for contraceptive research and evaluation.  

PubMed

In the past 5 years funding has declined in constant dollars for reproductive and contraceptive research and for the evaluation of long-term contraceptive safety; there has been a general increase in coordination and planning among publicly supported programs, as well as between these programs and private industry. There has been no substantial relaxation of regulatory requirements, and little has been done to make contraceptive research and development (R and D) more attractive to industry. The threat of liability suits and the difficulty in obtaining product liability insurance have become more salient than 5 years ago. This is increasingly restricting clinical research into new methods by both private industry and publicly supported research groups. Nonetheless some major advances have been recorded over the same period. The NORPLANT system, the Today contraceptive sponge, the TCu 380A (a copper-bearing IUD), and biphasic and triphasic pills have all become available in at least some developed and developing countries. In addition, several methods are in advanced stages of clinical trial (e.g., injectable contraceptives for 1 and 6 months' duration; an improved implant, a progestin releasing vaginal ring and Gossypol for sperm inhibition). Presented here are the results of a worldwide survey conducted by the Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) of funding for reproductive research, contraceptive development and evaluation of the long-term safety of existing methods. Requests for data on expenditures for 1980-1983 were sent by the AGI to funding agencies, R and D organizations and pharmaceutical companies in the US, Australia, Europe, India and Japan, reported to be doing contraceptive research. Detailed information was sought about fundamental research in reproductive biology, training of pre- and postdoctoral reproductive scientistis, applied research in contraceptive technology and evaluation of the safety of currently marketed contraceptives. An estimated US$154.8 million was spent in 1979 for all 3 categories of research; this amount declined by 12% in 1980. By 1983, expenditures in constant dollars were 79% of the 1979 figure. Contraceptive R and D accounted for 41% of the total expenditures during 1980-1983, fundamental for 52% and long-term contraceptive safety evaluation for 7%. The principal methods under investigation during this period were improved oral contraceptives, other ovulation inhibitors, post-ovulatory methods and pregnancy vaccines. Expenditures for contraceptive development are also presented by contributing organization (publicly supported, private industry and mission-oriented research projects). 46% of funds for evaluation of long-term safety of existing methods were spent on evaluation of oral contraceptives and 16% on the long-term risks of vasectomy. Investigations of barrier methods hardly played any part in overall research on safety in 1980 and 1981; but by 1983 these expenditures were 2nd only to those for the pill. Over the 4-year period, 63% of the funds spent on all types of research were for projects involving female reporduction, 18% for male reproduction and 19% for both. PMID:3843535

Atkinson, L E; Lincoln, R; Forrest, J D

1985-01-01

268

A Set Of Principles For Conducting And Evaluating Interpretive Field Studies In Information Systems  

E-print Network

This article discusses the conduct and evaluation of interpretive research in information systems. While the conventions for evaluating information systems case studies conducted according to the natural science model of social science are now widely accepted, this is not the case for interpretive field studies. A set of principles for the conduct and evaluation of interpretive field research in information systems is proposed, along with their philosophical rationale. The usefulness of the principles is illustrated by evaluating three published interpretive field studies drawn from the IS research literature. The intention of the paper is to further reflection and debate on the important subject of grounding interpretive research methodology.

Heinz K. Klein; Michael D. Myers

1999-01-01

269

76 FR 10338 - Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs...National Estuarine Research Reserve evaluation will be conducted pursuant to sections...subpart E and part 923, subpart L. Evaluation of a National Estuarine Research...

2011-02-24

270

Insight into Evaluation Practice: A Content Analysis of Designs and Methods Used in Evaluation Studies Published in North American Evaluation-Focused Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To describe the recent practice of evaluation, specifically method and design choices, the authors performed a content analysis on 117 evaluation studies published in eight North American evaluation-focused journals for a 3-year period (2004-2006). The authors chose this time span because it follows the scientifically based research (SBR)…

Christie, Christina A.; Fleischer, Dreolin Nesbitt

2010-01-01

271

Forensic medical evaluations of child maltreatment: a proposed research agenda.  

PubMed

Physicians play an important role in the forensic evaluation of suspected child abuse and neglect. There has been considerable progress in the medical field, helping distinguish findings related to maltreatment from other conditions or circumstances. Nevertheless, important questions remain. This article covers several of these questions and proposes a research agenda concerning five main topics: sexual abuse, neglect, fractures, abusive head trauma, and physicians work in interdisciplinary settings. The suggestions are hardly inclusive, but offer suggestions the authors think are priorities, and ones that research could reasonably address. By providing some background to gaps in our knowledge, this paper should be of interest to a broader audience than just medical professionals. PMID:25224781

Dubowitz, Howard; Christian, Cindy W; Hymel, Kent; Kellogg, Nancy D

2014-11-01

272

Design and Evaluation of a Personal Digital Assistant-based Research Platform for Cochlear Implants  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses the design, development, features, and clinical evaluation of a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based platform for cochlear implant research. This highly versatile and portable research platform allows researchers to design and perform complex experiments with cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation with great ease and flexibility. The research platform includes a portable processor for implementing and evaluating novel speech processing algorithms, a stimulator unit which can be used for electrical stimulation and neurophysio-logic studies with animals, and a recording unit for collecting electroencephalogram/evoked potentials from human subjects. The design of the platform for real time and offline stimulation modes is discussed for electric-only and electric plus acoustic stimulation followed by results from an acute study with implant users for speech intelligibility in quiet and noisy conditions. The results are comparable with users’ clinical processor and very promising for undertaking chronic studies. PMID:23674422

Ali, Hussnain; Lobo, Arthur P.; Loizou, Philipos C.

2014-01-01

273

Design and evaluation of a personal digital assistant-based research platform for cochlear implants.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the design, development, features, and clinical evaluation of a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based platform for cochlear implant research. This highly versatile and portable research platform allows researchers to design and perform complex experiments with cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation with great ease and flexibility. The research platform includes a portable processor for implementing and evaluating novel speech processing algorithms, a stimulator unit which can be used for electrical stimulation and neurophysiologic studies with animals, and a recording unit for collecting electroencephalogram/evoked potentials from human subjects. The design of the platform for real time and offline stimulation modes is discussed for electric-only and electric plus acoustic stimulation followed by results from an acute study with implant users for speech intelligibility in quiet and noisy conditions. The results are comparable with users' clinical processor and very promising for undertaking chronic studies. PMID:23674422

Ali, Hussnain; Lobo, Arthur P; Loizou, Philipos C

2013-11-01

274

73 FR 31874 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks SUMMARY: Under the provisions of section...Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks. Type of Information Collection Request...identified and surveyed clinical research networks to obtain data for two purposes:...

2008-06-04

275

73 FR 15530 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks SUMMARY: In compliance with the requirement...Inventory and Evaluation of Clinical Research Networks. Type of Information Collection Request...identified and surveyed clinical research networks to obtain data for two purposes:...

2008-03-24

276

Transplantation Research in Iran: A Bibliometric Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundScientific articles are indicators of research interest and efforts in every country. The aim of the current study is to describe the characteristics of the transplantation-related research efforts with respect to the domestic published works in Iran between 1993 and 2003.

J. Aslani; H. Khedmat; S. Assari; H.-R. Khoddami-Vishte; F. Alaeddini; B. Einollahi; N. Simforoosh

2007-01-01

277

Connecting Practitioners and Researchers: An Evaluation of NCSALL's Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network. NCSALL Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network (PDRN), a multi-year research and development effort, tested an innovative method of connecting research and practice. Included in the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy 1995 proposal, it began with an advisory group meeting in 1996. In 1997, South- and Northeast regions…

Smith, Christine; Bingman, Mary Beth; Hofer, Judy; Medina, Patsy

278

Case Studies for Method and Tool Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case studies help industry evaluate the benefits of methods and tools and provide a cost-effective way to ensure that process changes provide the desired results. However, unlike formal experiments and surveys, case studies do not have a well-understood theoretical basis. This article provides guidelines for organizing and analyzing case studies so that they produce meaningful results

Barbara Kitchenham; Lesley Pickard; Shari Lawrence Pfleeger

1995-01-01

279

An evaluation of statistical software for research and instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of microcomputer statistics packages were evaluated. The packages were compared on a number of dimensions, including\\u000a error handling, documentation, statistical capability, and accuracy. Results indicated that there are some very good packages\\u000a available both for instruction and for analyzing research data. In general, the microcomputer packages were easier to learn\\u000a and to use than were mainframe packages. Furthermore,

Darrell L. Butler; Douglas B. Eamon

1985-01-01

280

Studies in Teaching: 2008 Research Digest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of Annual Research Forum. 34 studies. Cultural Awareness in Secondary Spanish (Amy Allen), Writing in Mathematics (Lindsey L. Bakewell), Homework: Assignment Methods and Student Engagement (Lia Beresford), Current Events and Social Studies (Jennie Marie Biser), Authentic Assessments in Social Studies (Carl Boland), Assessment in High…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

2008-01-01

281

Five Misunderstandings About CaseStudy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific development; (c) the case study is most useful for generating hypotheses, whereas other methods are more suitable for hypotheses testing and theory building; (d) the case

Bent Flyvbjerg; M S Sridhar

2006-01-01

282

An evaluation approach for research project pilot technological applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a world increasingly more competitive and in a constantly development and growth it's important that companies have economic tools, like frameworks to help them to evaluate and validate the technology development to better fits in each company particular needs. The paper presents an evaluation approach for research project pilot applications to stimulate its implementation and deployment, increasing its adequacy and acceptance to their stakeholders and consequently providing new business profit and opportunities. Authors used the DECIDE evaluation framework as a major guide to this approach, which was tested in the iSURF project to support the implementation of an interoperability service utility for collaborative supply chain planning across multiple domains supported by RFID devices.

Marcelino-Jesus, Elsa; Sarraipa, Joao; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

2013-10-01

283

Evaluation of personal health record systems through the lenses of EC research projects.  

PubMed

Personal health record (PHR) systems are a rapidly expanding area in the field of health information technology which motivates an ongoing research towards their evaluation in several different aspects. In this direction, we present a systematic review of the currently available PHR systems. Initially, we define a clear and concise set of requirements for efficient PHR systems which is based on real-world implementation experiences of several European research projects and also on established and widely used formal standards. Subsequently, these requirements are used to perform a systematic evaluation of existing PHR system implementations. Our evaluation study provides a thorough requirement analysis and an insight on the current status of personal health record systems. The results of the present work can therefore be used as a basis for future evaluation studies which should be conducted periodically as technology evolves and requirements are revised. PMID:24315661

Genitsaridi, Irini; Kondylakis, Haridimos; Koumakis, Lefteris; Marias, Kostas; Tsiknakis, Manolis

2015-04-01

284

Ocean energy researchers information user study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on ocean energy systems. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. Only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 2 groups of researchers are analyzed in this report: DOE-Funded Researchers and Non-DOE-Funded Researchers. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

285

Describing Case Studies and Classifying Research Approaches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This initial chapter aims at providing a useful introduction and reference point to the research described in the following chapters. First of all, to provide a homogenous description of the existing approaches on service engineering, we introduce a common case study referring to the telecommunication domain. This case study will be used in the other chapters of this book to motivate and describe the presented approaches. The way in which the case study is described follows the approach developed in the S-Cube Network of Excellence. In addition, we also provide a classification of the research results proposed in the rest of the book, by relying on the S-Cube Integrated Research Framework. Such a classification allows the reader to have an idea about how the contributions deal with research in the service engineering field.

Bucchiarone, Antonio; Kazhamiakin, Raman; Mazza, Valentina; Plebani, Pierluigi

286

Evaluation of research on expectancy theory predictions of employee performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summarizes formulations of expectancy theory proposed by L. W. Porter and E. E. Lawler in 1968 and by V. H. Vroom in 1964. 9 field studies testing expectancy theory hypotheses using various measures of employee performance as the dependent variable are reviewed. Finally, the studies are evaluated in terms of the number of independent variables used, the measurement of these

Herbert G. Heneman; Donald P. Schwab

1972-01-01

287

Research study on antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research project to investigate antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle vehicle was conducted. System from the Concorde, Boeing 747, Boeing 737, and Lockheed L-1011 were investigated. The characteristics of the Boeing 737 system which caused it to be selected are described. Other subjects which were investigated are: (1) trade studies of brake control concepts, (2) redundancy requirements trade study, (3) laboratory evaluation of antiskid systems, and (4) space shuttle hardware criteria.

Auselmi, J. A.; Weinberg, L. W.; Yurczyk, R. F.; Nelson, W. G.

1973-01-01

288

75 FR 43145 - Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...evaluate the performance of the North...Research Reserve evaluation will be conducted...review of the performance of States...implementation. Evaluation of a Coastal...most recent performance reports...as OCRM's evaluation...

2010-07-23

289

76 FR 14376 - Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...evaluate the performance of the ACE...Research Reserve evaluation will be conducted...review of the performance of States...implementation. Evaluation of a Coastal...most recent performance reports...as OCRM's evaluation...

2011-03-16

290

75 FR 42068 - Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration Evaluation of State Coastal...to evaluate the performance of the Elkhorn...Research Reserve evaluation will be conducted...State's most recent performance reports, as well as OCRM's evaluation notification...

2010-07-20

291

An Evaluation Tool for Machine Translation: Fast Evaluation for MT Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a tool for the evaluation of translat ion quality. First, the typical requirements of such a tool i n the framework of machine translation (MT) research are discussed. We define e valuation criteria which are more adequate than pure edit distance and we describe how the measurement along these quality criteria is performed semi-automaticallyin a

Gregor Leusch; Hermann Ney; RWTH Aachen

2000-01-01

292

78 FR 20924 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration's (FDA's) Center for Biologics Evaluation...of IND applications to contact CBER for more information...program by July 8, 2013. ADDRESSES: If you are interested...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lore Fields, Office...Research and Review, Center for Biologics...

2013-04-08

293

A Different Approach to the Evaluation of Research Libraries. Research Brief No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) supported a project at Rutgers University that applied new economic theories to measuring how well research libraries fulfill their service roles. This summary draws on the original proposal and the final report from the project's directors. The evaluation of library performance is…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

294

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987?1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987 - 1998. F. Garcõ´a-Rõ´o, S. Serrano, A. Dorgham, R. Alvarez-Sala, A. Ruiz Pena, J.M. Pino, J.L. Alvarez-Sala, J. Villamor. #ERS Journals Ltd 2001. ABSTRACT: This study analyses the evolution of the bibliometric indicators of productivity and repercussion of European Union (EU) research into the respiratory system during

F. García-Río; S. Serrano; A. Dorgham; R. Alvarez-Sala; A. Ruiz Peña; J. M. Pino; J. L. Alvarez-Sala; J. Villamor

2001-01-01

295

The SAIL Databank: building a national architecture for e-health research and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Vast quantities of electronic data are collected about patients and service users as they pass through health service and other public sector organisations, and these data present enormous potential for research and policy evaluation. The Health Information Research Unit (HIRU) aims to realise the potential of electronically-held, person-based, routinely-collected data to conduct and support health-related studies. However, there are

David V Ford; Kerina H Jones; Jean-Philippe Verplancke; Ronan A Lyons; Gareth John; Ginevra Brown; Caroline J Brooks; Simon Thompson; Owen Bodger; Tony Couch; Ken Leake

2009-01-01

296

Automated summative usability studies: an empirical evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates a method for summative usability testing using an automated data collection system. We found automated summative testing to be a simple and effective alternative to lab-based summative testing and could be successfully conducted remotely. In our study, a web-based control window led participants through the summative study, provided tasks to perform, and asked follow up questions about

Ryan West; Katherine R. Lehman

2006-01-01

297

Oasis Connections: Results from an Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based basic computer and Internet training program designed for older adults, provide recommendations for program refinement, and gather preliminary information on program sustainability. Design and Methods: The program was developed by the OASIS Institute, a nonprofit…

Czaja, Sara J.; Lee, Chin Chin; Branham, Janice; Remis, Peggy

2012-01-01

298

Scientific and Ethical Reflections on Academic Corruption in Universities: On the Science Research Evaluation System in China's Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the science research activities in China's institutions of higher learning in recent years indicates that there is a major connection between the current instances of corruption in scientific research at colleges and universities and the evaluations system for scientific research implemented at many of the colleges and universities.…

Xiaochun, Wu; Dan, Jia

2007-01-01

299

Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practice-oriented book brings together research and evaluation approaches and supporting case studies from educational researchers and teachers. The emphasis is on changing practice in higher education and the research that underpins desirable development. Following an introduction, chapter 1 presents Educational Development Changing Practice…

Macdonald, Ranald; Wisdom, James

300

Research in nondestructive evaluation techniques for nuclear reactor concrete structures  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Materials Aging and Degradation (MAaD) Pathway of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is to develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting longterm environmental degradation behavior of material in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess the performance of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) essential to safe and sustained nuclear power plant operations. The understanding of aging-related phenomena and their impacts on SSCs is expected to be a significant issue for any nuclear power plant planning for long-term operations (i.e. service beyond the initial license renewal period). Management of those phenomena and their impacts during long-term operations can be better enable by improved methods and techniques for detection, monitoring, and prediction of SSC degradation. The MAaD Pathway R and D Roadmap for Concrete, 'Light Water Reactor Sustainability Nondestructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap', focused initial research efforts on understanding the recent concrete issues at nuclear power plants and identifying the availability of concrete samples for NDE techniques evaluation and testing. [1] An overview of the research performed by ORNL in these two areas is presented here.

Clayton, Dwight; Smith, Cyrus [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2014-02-18

301

Research in nondestructive evaluation techniques for nuclear reactor concrete structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the Materials Aging and Degradation (MAaD) Pathway of the Department of Energy's Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is to develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting longterm environmental degradation behavior of material in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess the performance of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) essential to safe and sustained nuclear power plant operations. The understanding of aging-related phenomena and their impacts on SSCs is expected to be a significant issue for any nuclear power plant planning for long-term operations (i.e. service beyond the initial license renewal period). Management of those phenomena and their impacts during long-term operations can be better enable by improved methods and techniques for detection, monitoring, and prediction of SSC degradation. The MAaD Pathway R&D Roadmap for Concrete, "Light Water Reactor Sustainability Nondestructive Evaluation for Concrete Research and Development Roadmap", focused initial research efforts on understanding the recent concrete issues at nuclear power plants and identifying the availability of concrete samples for NDE techniques evaluation and testing. [1] An overview of the research performed by ORNL in these two areas is presented here.

Clayton, Dwight; Smith, Cyrus

2014-02-01

302

RESEARCH Open Access Evaluation of health related quality of life in  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access Evaluation of health related quality of life in children with immune disorder that is often life-altering for children and their parents. Health related quality of life (HRQL their inclusion in the study and 6 months after diagnosis. Results: Over the six month period, quality of life

Boyer, Edmond

303

A New Approach to Evaluating the Well-Being of PhD Research Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of an assessment to evaluate the well-being of PhD researchers using a clinically approved methodology that places the perceptions and experiences of the subject population at the heart of its construction. It identifies and assesses the range and relative importance of seven distinct dimensions which are shown…

Juniper, Bridget; Walsh, Elaine; Richardson, Alan; Morley, Bernard

2012-01-01

304

The Evaluation of an Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Program: An Action Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to evaluate the effectiveness of an Early Childhood Development Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degree program at one community college as part of an ongoing action research project. Prior to this dissertation study, external and internal barriers prevented the associate degree program stakeholders from…

Ragno, Kerry Sullivan

2013-01-01

305

Bridging the Gap between Research, Evaluation, and Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study organized a participatory action research team to investigate Council on Social Work Education policies and their effect on the teaching and production of evaluation at the master's level. Data were collected in the form of 282 theses, 27 surveys, and 7 telephone interviews with field instructors to examine the use of…

Davis, Sarita; Gervin, Derrick; White, Garrick; Williams, Aisha; Taylor, Angela; McGriff, Ebony

2013-01-01

306

Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: With over 1 million children served by the US Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of…

Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

307

Evaluating Faculty Work: Expectations and Standards of Faculty Performance in Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectations and the way they are communicated can influence employees' motivation and performance. Previous research has demonstrated individual effects of workplace climate and individual differences on faculty productivity. The present study focused on the characteristics of institutional performance standards, evaluation processes and…

Hardre, Patricia; Cox, Michelle

2009-01-01

308

Contributions of animal nutrition research in rostock to energetic feed evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rostock research in animal nutrition has underlain in continuation and progressive development of Kellner's starch value system, net energy fat as measuring unit for energetic feed evaluation. Net energy?fat was used as an uniform unit of measure for all farm animals with different performances. The scientific basis for the net energy?fat system was created by numerous studies on energy

M. Beyer; W. Jentsch; A. Chudy; P. Junghans; M. Klein

1998-01-01

309

BIQSFP-12-Biomarker-Imaging-Study-Evaluation-Template  

Cancer.gov

BIQSFP ’12 (Biomarker, Imaging, and Quality of Life Studies Funding Program) BIOMARKER & IMAGING Study Evaluation Template BIQSFP ’12 Biomarker -Imaging Study Evaluation Template 6/08,2/09,3/09,5/09,3/10,3/11,3/12 STUDY EVALUATION

310

Molasses supplementation of grazing dairy cows: summary of case study, continuous culture fermenter trials, and controlled research farm study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This fact sheet summarizes the results of a three-tiered research approach (case study, two continuous culture fermenter studies, and a controlled research farm study) to evaluate molasses as an alternative supplement source for grazing dairy cows. A two-year case study of a New York organic dairy f...

311

Langley Research Center Standard for the Evaluation of Socket Welds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A specification utilized for the nondestructive evaluation of socket type pipe joints at Langley Research Center (LaRC) is discussed. The scope of hardware shall include, but is not limited to, all common pipe fittings: tees, elbows, couplings, caps, and so forth, socket type flanges, unions, and valves. In addition, the exterior weld of slip on flanges shall be inspected using this specification. At the discretion of the design engineer, standard practice engineer, Fracture Mechanics Engineering Section, Pressure Systems Committee, or other authority, four nondestructive evaluation techniques may be utilized exclusively, or in combination, to inspect socket type welds. These techniques are visual, radiographic, magnetic particle, and dye penetrant. Under special circumstances, other techniques (such as eddy current or ultrasonics) may be required and their application shall be guided by the appropriate sections of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (B&PVC).

Berry, R. F., Jr.

1985-01-01

312

Cohort Profile: HAART Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) Cohort.  

PubMed

Since 1986, antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been available free of charge to individuals living with HIV in British Columbia (BC), Canada, through the BC Centre of Excellence in HIV/AIDS (BC-CfE) Drug Treatment Program (DTP). The Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) cohort was established in 1996 to maintain a prospective record of clinical measurements and medication profiles of a subset of DTP participants initiating HAART in BC. This unique cohort provides a comprehensive data source to investigate mortality, prognostic factors and treatment response among people living with HIV in BC from the inception of HAART. Currently over 5000 individuals are enrolled in the HOMER cohort. Data captured include socio-demographic characteristics (e.g. sex, age, ethnicity, health authority), clinical variables (e.g. CD4 cell count, plasma HIV viral load, AIDS-defining illness, hepatitis C co-infection, mortality) and treatment variables (e.g. HAART regimens, date of treatment initiation, treatment interruptions, adherence data, resistance testing). Research findings from the HOMER cohort have featured in numerous high-impact peer-reviewed journals. The HOMER cohort collaborates with other HIV cohorts on both national and international scales to answer complex HIV-specific research questions, and welcomes input from external investigators regarding potential research proposals or future collaborations. For further information please contact the principal investigator, Dr Robert Hogg (robert_hogg@sfu.ca). PMID:24639444

Patterson, Sophie; Cescon, Angela; Samji, Hasina; Cui, Zishan; Yip, Benita; Lepik, Katherine J; Moore, David; Lima, Viviane D; Nosyk, Bohdan; Harrigan, P Richard; Montaner, Julio Sg; Shannon, Kate; Wood, Evan; Hogg, Robert S

2015-02-01

313

Evaluating Community-Based Participatory Research to Improve Community-Partnered Science and Community Health  

PubMed Central

Background Since 2007, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) Policy Research Center (PRC) has partnered with the Universities of New Mexico and Washington to study the science of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Our goal is to identify facilitators and barriers to effective community–academic partnerships in American Indian and other communities, which face health disparities. Objectives We have described herein the scientific design of our National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded study (2009–2013) and lessons learned by having a strong community partner leading the research efforts. Methods The research team is implementing a mixed-methods study involving a survey of principal investigators (PIs) and partners across the nation and in-depth case studies of CBPR projects. Results We present preliminary findings on methods and measures for community-engaged research and eight lessons learned thus far regarding partnership evaluation, advisory councils, historical trust, research capacity development of community partner, advocacy, honoring each other, messaging, and funding. Conclusions Study methodologies and lessons learned can help community–academic research partnerships translate research in communities. PMID:22982842

Hicks, Sarah; Duran, Bonnie; Wallerstein, Nina; Avila, Magdalena; Belone, Lorenda; Lucero, Julie; Magarati, Maya; Mainer, Elana; Martin, Diane; Muhammad, Michael; Oetzel, John; Pearson, Cynthia; Sahota, Puneet; Simonds, Vanessa; Sussman, Andrew; Tafoya, Greg; Hat, Emily White

2013-01-01

314

Cultivating Cohort Studies for Observational Translational Research  

PubMed Central

Background “Discovery” research about molecular markers for diagnosis, prognosis, or prediction of response to therapy has frequently produced results that were not reproducible in subsequent studies. What are the reasons, and can observational cohorts be cultivated to provide strong and reliable answers to those questions? Methods Selected examples are used to illustrate: 1) What features of research design provide strength and reliability in observational studies about markers of diagnosis, prognosis, and response to therapy? 2) How can those design features be cultivated in existing observational cohorts, for example within RCTs, other existing observational research studies, or practice settings like HMOs? Results Examples include a study of RNA expression profiles of tumor tissue to predict prognosis of breast cancer; a study of serum proteomics profiles to diagnose ovarian cancer; and a study of stool-based DNA assays to screen for colon cancer. Strengths and weaknesses of observational study design features are discussed, along with lessons about how features that help assure strength might be “cultivated” in the future. Conclusions and Impact By considering these examples and others, it may be possible to develop a process of “cultivating cohorts” - in on-going RCTs, observational cohort studies, and practice settings like HMOs - that have strong features of study design. Such an effort could produce sources of data and specimens to reliably answer questions about the use of molecular markers in diagnosis, prognosis, and response to therapy. PMID:23462919

Ransohoff, David F.

2013-01-01

315

Decentralized energy studies: compendium of international studies and research  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the compendium is to provide information about research activities in decentralized energy systems to researchers, government officials, and interested citizens. The compendium lists and briefly describes a number of studies in other industrialized nations that involve decentralized energy systems. A contact person is given for each of the activities listed so that interested readers can obtain more information.

Wallace, C.

1980-03-01

316

66 FR 65082 - Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI): Preschool Curriculum Evaluation Research...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...question of which curricula produce or contribute...of classroom curricula for early childhood...systematic study and evaluation of existing curricula. In a separate...in the near future, the Assistant...Department of Education, 555 New...

2001-12-17

317

Bridging human and animal research: A comparative approach to studies of personality and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluates a comparative approach to personality and health research. We (1) review evidence showing that personality exists and can be measured in animals, (2) illustrate the benefits of animal studies for human personality research, (3) illustrate the benefits of human studies for animal personality research, and (4) provide guidelines for making cross-species comparisons. We conclude that a comparative

Pranjal H. Mehta; Samuel D. Gosling

2008-01-01

318

Insight Into Evaluation Practice: A Content Analysis of Designs and Methods Used in Evaluation Studies Published in North American Evaluation-Focused Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

To describe the recent practice of evaluation, specifically method and design choices, the authors performed a content analysis on 117 evaluation studies published in eight North American evaluation-focused journals for a 3-year period (2004—2006). The authors chose this time span because it follows the scientifically based research (SBR) movement, which prioritizes the use of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to study

Christina A. Christie; Dreolin Nesbitt Fleischer

2010-01-01

319

Individualized Study Program. Interim Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of an evaluation of the Individualized Study Program (ISP), a 2-year pilot program at the Learning Skills Center (LSC) of the University of California, Davis, are presented. The program target group were disadvantaged students who had not met the university's entrance requirements. The ISP, which is designed to improve retention of…

Tom, Alice K.

320

Content Validity in Evaluation and Policy-Relevant Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of content validity in policy-relevant research is illustrated in a study contrasting results of surveys concerning public opinion toward gun control. Inadequate content validity threatened inferences about the overall level of support for gun control, but not about opinion difference between sexes or respondents of varying political…

Mark, Melvin M.; And Others

1985-01-01

321

Evaluation of a College Freshman Diversity Research Program in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate students in the astronomy department at the University of Washington began the Pre-Major in Astronomy Program (Pre-MAP) after recognizing that underrepresented students in STEM fields are not well retained after their transition from high school. Pre-MAP is a research and mentoring program that begins with a keystone seminar where they learn astronomical research techniques that they apply to research projects conducted in small groups. Students also receive one-on-one mentoring and peer support for the duration of the academic year and beyond. Successful Pre-MAP students have declared astronomy and physics majors, expanded their research projects beyond the fall quarter, presented posters at the UW Undergraduate Research Symposium, and received research fellowships and summer internships. Here we examine the success of the program in attracting underrepresented minorities and in facilitating better STEM retention and academic performance among incoming UW students. We use the University of Washington Student Database to study both the performance of Pre-MAP students and the overall UW student body over the past 8 years. We show that Pre-MAP students are generally more diverse than the overall UW population and also come in with a variety of different math backgrounds, which we show to be an important factor on STEM performance for the overall UW population. We find that that Pre-MAP students are both more academically successful and more likely to graduate in STEM fields than their UW peers, regardless of initial math placement.

Tremmel, Michael J.; Garner, S. M.; Schmidt, S. J.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Agol, E.

2014-01-01

322

[Research in Copenhagen hospitals--a bibliometric evaluation].  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to measure size and quality of the research carried out in Copenhagen (H:S) hospitals using conventional bibliometry. Based on the H:S-report on scientific publications in 1995, the research performed in each hospital and each department has been measured as the sum of publications and as journal impact factor score. Publication numbers and impact factor score varied eighty-fold between the individual H:S-hospitals. With a close relation between publication numbers and impact factor score, the Rigshospital produced 60%, Hvidovre Hospital 20% and Bispebjerg Hospital 11%, while the four remaining hospitals (Frederiksberg Hospital, the Copenhagen Community Hospital, Sct. Hans Hospital and Sundby Hospital) together produced 9% of the research. The departmental research activities as such showed correlation neither to clinical specialty nor to specific hospitals. In conclusion, the Rigshospital is responsible for most of the research in H:S. Generally, departments headed by university professors showed the highest research activity. PMID:9432760

Rehfeld, J F

1997-12-15

323

Results of the air emission research study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Air quality was monitored in beef mono-slope barns. The objectives of the study were 1) to gather baseline data for the levels of gas emissions and particulate matter from beef mono-slope facilities, 2) evaluate the effect of two different manure handling systems on air quality, and 3) provide infor...

324

48 CFR 225.7016 - Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. 225.7016 Section...7016 Restriction on Ballistic Missile Defense research, development, test, and evaluation. [68 FR 15627,...

2010-10-01

325

45 CFR 690.123 - Early termination of research support: Evaluation of applications and proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of research support: Evaluation of applications and...Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROTECTION...of research support: Evaluation of applications and...with the terms of this policy. (b) In making...proposals covered by this policy the department or...

2010-10-01

326

Schools and Neighborhoods Research Study: School Building Use Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the findings related to Objective 2 of the Schools and Neighborhoods Research Study. The task was to identify community services provided by the neighborhood school. The study staff reviewed the existing facilities use information from the Seattle Public Schools. Results from the Facilities Utilization Study Survey and the…

Eismann, Donald; And Others

327

The state of health economic and pharmacoeconomic evaluation research in Zimbabwe: A review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation of health care has developed into a substantial body of work, and its contribution to medical decision making is increasingly being recognized. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics and quality of health economic (including pharmacoeconomic) evaluation research studies related to Zimbabwe. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted to identify published health economic evaluation studies related to Zimbabwe. HEED, PubMed, MEDLINE, HealthSTAR, EconLit, and PsycINFO databases and sociological and dissertation abstracts were used to search for economic analyses. The searches used the following terms alone and in combination: costs, budgets, fee, economics, health, pharmacy, pharmacy services, medicines, drugs, health economics, cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, cost-minimization, cost utility analysis, and Zimbabwe. Only original applied economic evaluations addressing a health-related topic pertaining to Zimbabwe and published in full were included. Two reviewers independently evaluated and scored each study in the final sample using the data collection form designed for the study. RESULTS: Fifty-nine studies were identified in the database searches, 18 of which were excluded because they were not about Zimbabwe (3 studies) or were not health related (15). Of the 41 remaining studies, 8 were excluded after further review because they were not original research, 6 because they were not economic analyses, and 1 because it was not about Zimbabwe. The final 26 studies appeared in 13 different journals (based mostly [17 (65%)] outside of Zimbabwe). The mean (SD) number of authors of each study was 3.36 (2.13); most of the authors had medical/clinical training. The number of studies peaked between 1994 and 1997. Based on a 10-point scale, with 10 indicating the highest quality, the mean (SD) quality score for all studies was 5.40 (1.56); 8 of the studies (31%) were considered to be of poor quality (score ?4). The quality of the studies reviewed was significantly (all, P < 0.05) associated with the country in which the journal was based (non-Zimbabwe = higher), the primary health intervention (services>pharmaceutical interventions), the number of authors (more authors = higher), and year of publication (more recent = higher). CONCLUSION: This study indicated that the use of health economic (including pharmacoeconomic) evaluation research in Zimbabwe was low, and 31 % of the studies were of poor quality. More and better quality health economic research in Zimbabwe is warranted. PMID:24692805

Gavaza, Paul; Rascati, Karen; Brown, Carolyn; Lawson, Kenneth; Mann, Teresa

2008-01-01

328

Applying the Context, Input, Process, Product Evaluation Model for Evaluation, Research, and Redesign of an Online Master's Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate and redesign an online master's degree program consisting of 12 courses from the informatics field using a context, input, process, product (CIPP) evaluation model. Research conducted during the redesign of the online program followed a mixed methodology in which data was collected through a CIPP survey,…

Sancar Tokmak, Hatice; Meltem Baturay, H.; Fadde, Peter

2013-01-01

329

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving, and…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

330

Reye's Syndrome: A Review of Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical and pathological studies of Reye's syndrome indicate that symptoms range from influenza-related encephalitis-type disease to cranial pressure, cerebral edema, hemorrhage, and coma. Biochemical research on the blood, ammonia, and the liver is increasing in sophistication, and hopes for future insight into the etiology of Reye's syndrome…

Lopez, Thomas P.; And Others

1982-01-01

331

Endotoxin Studies And Biosolids Stabilization Research  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation has three parts; a review of bench-scale endotoxin research, a review of observations from a field scale endotoxin release study, and discussion of biosolids stabilization and characterization by PLFA/FAME microbial community analysis. Endotoxins are part of th...

332

American Indian Studies. Library Research Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to sources for students at San Diego State University doing library research in topics related to American Indian Studies begins by noting that information on North American Indians can be found in a variety of subject disciplines including history, anthropology, education, sociology, health care, law, business, and politics. The…

White, Phillip M.

333

Postgraduate Students' Experiences in Interdisciplinary Research Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many postgraduate interdisciplinary research (IDR) candidates in the applied disciplines work across two or more traditional areas of study. Such candidates often spend considerable time on knowledge-building activities outside their home (or undergraduate) disciplines; IDR candidates venture into new fields and are exposed to the cultures and…

Winberg, C.; Barnes, V.; Ncube, K.; Tshinu, S.

2011-01-01

334

75 FR 54343 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FDA-2010-N-0436] Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood Establishments That Collect Whole Blood and Blood Components AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

2010-09-07

335

CEW Research Models: Animal and Human Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Research on CEWs has involved both animals and humans. Multiple investigators have conducted extensive, detailed and complex\\u000a experimental studies on animal models, as well as human volunteer subjects to measure, monitor, and determine the physiologic\\u000a effects of CEWs. The findings and results of these animal and human experimental studies have varied and, as a result, the\\u000a conclusions drawn by investigators

Theodore C. Chan; Gary M. Vilke

336

Mars Molecular and Isotopic Analysis Research Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recently, the Martian atmosphere and surface constituents have become of great interest. The Viking in situ gas chromatograph mass spectrometer experiment contributed greatly to our knowledge of the composition of the Martian atmosphere. However, important questions remain such as the abundance of water on Mars. The Viking experiment employed solid reagents to enhance their carbon measurements. Techniques of chemical conversion using simple solid reagents have advanced considerably in the past 20 years. In this investigation we researched the advancements in techniques to reversibly adsorb and desorb water and focused on the techniques potentially useful for the temperatures and pressures on the Martian surface. During the granting period from June 15, 1998 to August 14, 1998, a literature study of the material appropriate for use in a chemical conversion device and the availability of these materials were undertaken. The focus of this investigation was searching for methods and materials potentially useful in enhancing the measurements of water. Three different methods were considered for the means to extract water from a given gas sample. These methods included adsorption in a desiccant, adsorption on a clean metal surface, and adsorption in a carbon molecular sieve or zeolite. Each method was evaluated with feasibility and reversibility in mind. By far the simplest and perhaps cheapest way to remove water from a gaseous sample is by means of a bulk desiccant. Desiccants are commercially available from many companies including those that supply chemicals. The main feature of a desiccant is its ability to rapidly bind or absorb water from the atmosphere. Calcium chloride, for example, is frequently incorporated into drying tubes by organic chemists when reactions require the absence of water. Other desiccants include sodium hydroxide, calcium hydride, and commercial products such as Drierite, available from Aldrich Chemical. The disadvantage to most desiccants is a direct consequence of what makes them so advantageous. Desiccants rapidly and strongly bind water, often reacting chemically with it. This strong binding makes reversibly desorbing the water from the desiccant very difficult. The third method by which to absorb water from a gas sample involves the use of molecular sieves of other ziolites.

Manning, Heidi L. K.

1998-01-01

337

Research on evaluation of third-party logistics enterprises in agricultural product logistics based on PCA-priority-degree evaluation method  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper evaluates and researches third-party logistics enterprises in agricultural product logistics with the PCA-priority-degree evaluation method from the angle of applying objective data of third-party logistics enterprises. Construct evaluation matter element model of third-party logistics enterprises in agricultural product logistics. Take 10 third-party logistics enterprises and carry out a positive study on their data in 2008. The result indicates

Xiaoyi Zhang; Liying Zhang; Xuemei Fan; Yinsheng Yang

2010-01-01

338

Designing and evaluating a STEM teacher learning opportunity in the research university.  

PubMed

This study examines the design and evaluation strategies for a year-long teacher learning and development experience, including their effectiveness, efficiency and recommendations for strategic redesign. Design characteristics include programmatic features and outcomes: cognitive, affective and motivational processes; interpersonal and social development; and performance activities. Program participants were secondary math and science teachers, partnered with engineering faculty mentors, in a research university-based education and support program. Data from multiple sources demonstrated strengths and weaknesses in design of the program's learning environment, including: face-to-face and via digital tools; on-site and distance community interactions; and strategic evaluation tools and systems. Implications are considered for the strategic design and evaluation of similar grant-funded research experiences intended to support teacher learning, development and transfer. PMID:24374302

Hardré, Patricia L; Ling, Chen; Shehab, Randa L; Herron, Jason; Nanny, Mark A; Nollert, Matthias U; Refai, Hazem; Ramseyer, Christopher; Wollega, Ebisa D

2014-04-01

339

Modeling Course-Based Undergraduate Research Experiences: An Agenda for Future Research and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) are being championed as scalable ways of involving undergraduates in science research. Studies of CUREs have shown that participating students achieve many of the same outcomes as students who complete research internships. However, CUREs vary widely in their design and implementation, and aspects of CUREs that are necessary and sufficient to achieve desired student outcomes have not been elucidated. To guide future research aimed at understanding the causal mechanisms underlying CURE efficacy, we used a systems approach to generate pathway models representing hypotheses of how CURE outcomes are achieved. We started by reviewing studies of CUREs and research internships to generate a comprehensive set of outcomes of research experiences, determining the level of evidence supporting each outcome. We then used this body of research and drew from learning theory to hypothesize connections between what students do during CUREs and the outcomes that have the best empirical support. We offer these models as hypotheses for the CURE community to test, revise, elaborate, or refute. We also cite instruments that are ready to use in CURE assessment and note gaps for which instruments need to be developed. PMID:25687826

Corwin, Lisa A.; Graham, Mark J.; Dolan, Erin L.

2015-01-01

340

An epidemiological appraisal instrument – a tool for evaluation of epidemiological studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, ergonomics practices have increasingly relied upon the knowledge derived from epidemiological studies. In this regard, there is limited research devoted to the exclusive evaluation of the methodological qualities of ergonomics epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to develop and test a general purpose ‘epidemiological appraisal instrument’ (EAI) for evaluating the methodological quality of existing or

A. M. Genaidy; G. K. LeMasters; J. Lockey; P. Succop; J. Deddens; T. Sobeih; K. Dunning

2007-01-01

341

Qualitative Studies: Developing Good Research Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research is a type of research process that is widely used to give people a voice while researching a particular subject matter. In using this research process, one must understand how important it is to develop research questions within the qualitative research process. The purpose of this article is to aid researchers in the…

Bufkin, Melissa A.

2006-01-01

342

Species, habitats, society: an evaluation of research supporting EU's Natura 2000 network.  

PubMed

The Natura 2000 network is regarded as one of the conservation success stories in the global effort to protect biodiversity. However, significant challenges remain in Natura 2000 implementation, owing to its rapid expansion, and lack of a coherent vision for its future. Scientific research is critical for identifying conservation priorities, setting management goals, and reconciling biodiversity protection and society in the complex political European landscape. Thus, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive evaluation of published Natura 2000 research to highlight prevalent research themes, disciplinary approaches, and spatial entities. We conducted a systematic review of 572 scientific articles and conference proceedings focused on Natura 2000 research, published between 1996 and 2014. We grouped these articles into 'ecological' and 'social and policy' categories. Using a novel application of network analysis of article keywords, we found that Natura 2000 research forms a cohesive small-world network, owing to the emphasis on ecological research (79% of studies, with a strong focus on spatial conservation planning), and the underrepresentation of studies addressing 'social and policy' issues (typically focused on environmental impact assessment, multi-level governance, agri-environment policy, and ecosystem services valuation). 'Ecological' and 'social and policy' research shared only general concepts (e.g., Natura 2000, Habitats Directive) suggesting a disconnection between these disciplines. The UK and the Mediterranean basin countries dominated Natura 2000 research, and there was a weak correlation between number of studies and proportion of national territory protected. Approximately 40% of 'social and policy' research and 26% of 'ecological' studies highlighted negative implications of Natura 2000, while 21% of studies found positive social and biodiversity effects. We emphasize the need for designing inter- and transdisciplinary research in order to promote a social-ecological understanding of Natura 2000, and advance EU conservation policies. PMID:25415188

Popescu, Viorel D; Rozylowicz, Laurentiu; Niculae, Iulian M; Cucu, Adina L; Hartel, Tibor

2014-01-01

343

Species, Habitats, Society: An Evaluation of Research Supporting EU's Natura 2000 Network  

PubMed Central

The Natura 2000 network is regarded as one of the conservation success stories in the global effort to protect biodiversity. However, significant challenges remain in Natura 2000 implementation, owing to its rapid expansion, and lack of a coherent vision for its future. Scientific research is critical for identifying conservation priorities, setting management goals, and reconciling biodiversity protection and society in the complex political European landscape. Thus, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive evaluation of published Natura 2000 research to highlight prevalent research themes, disciplinary approaches, and spatial entities. We conducted a systematic review of 572 scientific articles and conference proceedings focused on Natura 2000 research, published between 1996 and 2014. We grouped these articles into ‘ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ categories. Using a novel application of network analysis of article keywords, we found that Natura 2000 research forms a cohesive small-world network, owing to the emphasis on ecological research (79% of studies, with a strong focus on spatial conservation planning), and the underrepresentation of studies addressing ‘social and policy’ issues (typically focused on environmental impact assessment, multi-level governance, agri-environment policy, and ecosystem services valuation). ‘Ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ research shared only general concepts (e.g., Natura 2000, Habitats Directive) suggesting a disconnection between these disciplines. The UK and the Mediterranean basin countries dominated Natura 2000 research, and there was a weak correlation between number of studies and proportion of national territory protected. Approximately 40% of ‘social and policy’ research and 26% of ‘ecological’ studies highlighted negative implications of Natura 2000, while 21% of studies found positive social and biodiversity effects. We emphasize the need for designing inter- and transdisciplinary research in order to promote a social-ecological understanding of Natura 2000, and advance EU conservation policies. PMID:25415188

Niculae, Iulian M.; Cucu, Adina L.; Hartel, Tibor

2014-01-01

344

Evaluation Criteria for Solid Waste Processing Research and Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A preliminary list of criteria is proposed for evaluation of solid waste processing technologies for research and technology development (R&TD) in the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. Completion of the proposed list by current and prospective ALS technology developers, with regard to specific missions of interest, may enable identification of appropriate technologies (or lack thereof) and guide future development efforts for the ALS Program solid waste processing area. An attempt is made to include criteria that capture information about the technology of interest as well as its system-wide impacts. Some of the criteria in the list are mission-independent, while the majority are mission-specific. In order for technology developers to respond to mission-specific criteria, critical information must be available on the quantity, composition and state of the waste stream, the wast processing requirements, as well as top-level mission scenario information (e.g. safety, resource recovery, planetary protection issues, and ESM equivalencies). The technology readiness level (TRL) determines the degree to which a technology developer is able to accurately report on the list of criteria. Thus, a criteria-specific minimum TRL for mandatory reporting has been identified for each criterion in the list. Although this list has been developed to define criteria that are needed to direct funding of solid waste processing technologies, this list processes significant overlap in criteria required for technology selection for inclusion in specific tests or missions. Additionally, this approach to technology evaluation may be adapted to other ALS subsystems.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, J. A.; Alazraki, M. P.

2001-01-01

345

Study on global cloud computing research trend  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since "cloud computing" was put forward by Google , it quickly became the most popular concept in IT industry and widely permeated into various areas promoted by IBM, Microsoft and other IT industry giants. In this paper the methods of bibliometric analysis were used to investigate the global cloud computing research trend based on Web of Science (WoS) database and the Engineering Index (EI) Compendex database. In this study, the publication, countries, institutes, keywords of the papers was deeply studied in methods of quantitative analysis, figures and tables are used to describe the production and the development trends of cloud computing.

Ma, Feicheng; Zhan, Nan

2014-01-01

346

Comparative Case Study of Two Biomedical Research Collaboratories  

PubMed Central

Background Working together efficiently and effectively presents a significant challenge in large-scale, complex, interdisciplinary research projects. Collaboratories are a nascent method to help meet this challenge. However, formal collaboratories in biomedical research centers are the exception rather than the rule. Objective The main purpose of this paper is to compare and describe two collaboratories that used off-the-shelf tools and relatively modest resources to support the scientific activity of two biomedical research centers. The two centers were the Great Lakes Regional Center for AIDS Research (HIV/AIDS Center) and the New York University Oral Cancer Research for Adolescent and Adult Health Promotion Center (Oral Cancer Center). Methods In each collaboratory, we used semistructured interviews, surveys, and contextual inquiry to assess user needs and define the technology requirements. We evaluated and selected commercial software applications by comparing their feature sets with requirements and then pilot-testing the applications. Local and remote support staff cooperated in the implementation and end user training for the collaborative tools. Collaboratory staff evaluated each implementation by analyzing utilization data, administering user surveys, and functioning as participant observers. Results The HIV/AIDS Center primarily required real-time interaction for developing projects and attracting new participants to the center; the Oral Cancer Center, on the other hand, mainly needed tools to support distributed and asynchronous work in small research groups. The HIV/AIDS Center’s collaboratory included a center-wide website that also served as the launch point for collaboratory applications, such as NetMeeting, Timbuktu Conference, PlaceWare Auditorium, and iVisit. The collaboratory of the Oral Cancer Center used Groove and Genesys Web conferencing. The HIV/AIDS Center was successful in attracting new scientists to HIV/AIDS research, and members used the collaboratory for developing and implementing new research studies. The Oral Cancer Center successfully supported highly distributed and asynchronous research, and the collaboratory facilitated real-time interaction for analyzing data and preparing publications. Conclusions The two collaboratory implementations demonstrated the feasibility of supporting biomedical research centers using off-the-shelf commercial tools, but they also identified several barriers to successful collaboration. These barriers included computing platform incompatibilities, network infrastructure complexity, variable availability of local versus remote IT support, low computer and collaborative software literacy, and insufficient maturity of available collaborative software. Factors enabling collaboratory use included collaboration incentives through funding mechanism, a collaborative versus competitive relationship of researchers, leadership by example, and tools well matched to tasks and technical progress. Integrating electronic collaborative tools into routine scientific practice can be successful but requires further research on the technical, social, and behavioral factors influencing the adoption and use of collaboratories. PMID:16403717

Teasley, Stephanie D; Bhatnagar, Rishi

2005-01-01

347

The Value and Feasibility of Evaluation Research on Teacher Development: Contrasting Experiences in Sri Lanka and Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the value and feasibility of carrying out evaluation research on teacher development and uses as points of reference the author's experiences in two countries, Sri Lanka and Mexico. In Sri Lanka, an evaluation study was designed to understand the effectiveness and costs of teacher development at the elementary level linking…

Tatto, M. T.

2002-01-01

348

Evaluation of the Research in the Scope of the Proficiency of Teachers in Terms of Subject, Aim, Method, and Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was the evaluation of the researches that were conducted in our country on proficiency of the teachers in terms of subject, aim, method and results, and was to state the necessary points to be taken into consideration in the choice of methods. 21 researches in the scope of proficiency of teachers were examined for this…

Kaskaya, Alper

2012-01-01

349

Program for transfer research and impact studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research activities conducted under the Program for Transfer Research and Impact Studies (TRIS) during 1972 included: (1) preparation of 10,196 TSP requests for TRIS application analysis; (2) interviews with over 500 individuals concerning the technical, economic, and social impacts of NASA-generated technology; (3) preparation of 38 new technology transfer example files and 101 new transfer cases; and (4) maintenance of a technology transfer library containing more than 2,900 titles. Six different modes of technology utilization are used to illustrate the pervasiveness of the transfer and diffusion of aerospace innovations. These modes also provide a basis for distinguishing the unique characteristics of the NASA Technology Utilization Program. An examination is reported of the ways in which NASA-generated technology is contributing to beneficial social change in five major areas of human concern: health, environment, safety, transportation, and communication.

Rusnak, J. J.; Freeman, J. E.; Hartley, J. M.; Kottenstette, J. P.; Staskin, E. R.

1973-01-01

350

Building Theories from Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of inducting theory using case studies-from\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Some features\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of the process, such as problem definition and construct validation,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009are similar to hypothesis-testing research. Others, such as within-case\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009analysis and replication logic, are unique to the inductive, case-oriented\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009process. Overall, the process described here is highly iterative\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and tightly

Kathleen M Eisenhardt

1989-01-01

351

Integrating utilization-focused evaluation with business process modeling for clinical research improvement  

PubMed Central

New discoveries in basic science are creating extraordinary opportunities to design novel biomedical preventions and therapeutics for human disease. But the clinical evaluation of these new interventions is, in many instances, being hindered by a variety of legal, regulatory, policy and operational factors, few of which enhance research quality, the safety of study participants or research ethics. With the goal of helping increase the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical research, we have examined how the integration of utilization-focused evaluation with elements of business process modeling can reveal opportunities for systematic improvements in clinical research. Using data from the NIH global HIV/AIDS clinical trials networks, we analyzed the absolute and relative times required to traverse defined phases associated with specific activities within the clinical protocol lifecycle. Using simple median duration and Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis, we show how such time-based analyses can provide a rationale for the prioritization of research process analysis and re-engineering, as well as a means for statistically assessing the impact of policy modifications, resource utilization, re-engineered processes and best practices. Successfully applied, this approach can help researchers be more efficient in capitalizing on new science to speed the development of improved interventions for human disease. PMID:21552512

Kagan, Jonathan M; Rosas, Scott; Trochim, William M K

2011-01-01

352

Evaluation of an Indoor Sonic Boom Subjective Test Facility at NASA Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sonic boom simulator at NASA Langley Research Center has been constructed for research on human response to low-amplitude sonic booms heard indoors. Research in this facility will ultimately lead to development of a psychoacoustic model for single indoor booms. The first subjective test was designed to explore indoor human response to variations in sonic boom rise time and amplitude. Another goal was to identify loudness level variability across listener locations within the facility. Finally, the test also served to evaluate the facility as a laboratory research tool for studying indoor human response to sonic booms. Subjects listened to test sounds and were asked to rate their annoyance relative to a reference boom. Measurements of test signals were conducted for objective analysis and correlation with subjective responses. Results confirm the functionality of the facility and effectiveness of the test methods and indicate that loudness level does not fully describe indoor annoyance to the selected sonic boom signals.

Loubeau, Alexandra; Rathsam, Jonathan; Klos, Jacob

2011-01-01

353

Principles in practice: reflections on a 'postpositivist' approach to evaluation research.  

PubMed

User participation is currently seen as an ethically appropriate way to proceed when researching disadvantaged groups and it is encouraged by funding agencies. However, the literature rarely discusses the methodological and practical implications for researchers attempting to incorporate user participation into evaluation studies which are informed from an epistemologically opposed (positivist) research paradigm. The paper explores this issue by drawing on the evaluation of a community-based smoking intervention to describe and reflect upon the recruitment, training and employment of local residents as survey interviewers. While the evaluation methodology adopts a quasi-experimental approach, the appointment of local residents as survey interviewers reflects an alternative (interpretive) research tradition. The combined strategy constitutes a postpositivist methodology in that it combines a data collection strategy more akin to interpretive social science while retaining a positivistic epistemological framework. The paper describes some logistics of this approach and problems encountered during the course of survey. While many of the problems described may be routinely associated (although seldom aired) with survey work, particularly in disadvantaged areas, the paper suggests they are also a function of the postpositivist research strategy which we adopted. The failure to involve interviewers in the conception and development of the evaluation meant that they lacked identification with our endeavour and this had practical implications for the survey interviewing. Although the survey was successfully executed and the employment of local residents was a valuable and worthwhile experience, the authors recognize that this narrow conception of user involvement meant that many of the potential benefits (both to the research and the participants) associated with participatory approaches were forfeited. PMID:11345663

Parry, O; Gnich, W; Platt, S

2001-04-01

354

A subjective study to evaluate video quality assessment algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Automatic methods to evaluate the perceptual quality of a digital video sequence have widespread applications wherever the end-user is a human. Several objective video quality assessment (VQA) algorithms exist, whose performance is typically evaluated using the results of a subjective study performed by the video quality experts group (VQEG) in 2000. There is a great need for a free, publicly available subjective study of video quality that embodies state-of-the-art in video processing technology and that is effective in challenging and benchmarking objective VQA algorithms. In this paper, we present a study and a resulting database, known as the LIVE Video Quality Database, where 150 distorted video sequences obtained from 10 different source video content were subjectively evaluated by 38 human observers. Our study includes videos that have been compressed by MPEG-2 and H.264, as well as videos obtained by simulated transmission of H.264 compressed streams through error prone IP and wireless networks. The subjective evaluation was performed using a single stimulus paradigm with hidden reference removal, where the observers were asked to provide their opinion of video quality on a continuous scale. We also present the performance of several freely available objective, full reference (FR) VQA algorithms on the LIVE Video Quality Database. The recent MOtion-based Video Integrity Evaluation (MOVIE) index emerges as the leading objective VQA algorithm in our study, while the performance of the Video Quality Metric (VQM) and the Multi-Scale Structural SIMilarity (MS-SSIM) index is noteworthy. The LIVE Video Quality Database is freely available for download1 and we hope that our study provides researchers with a valuable tool to benchmark and improve the performance of objective VQA algorithms.

Seshadrinathan, Kalpana; Soundararajan, Rajiv; Bovik, Alan C.; Cormack, Lawrence K.

2010-02-01

355

Data evaluation, analysis, and scientific study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Extensive work was performed in data analysis and modeling of solar active phenomena. The work consisted in the study of UV data from the Ultraviolet Spectrometer and Polarimeter (UVSP) instrument on board the Solar Maximum Mission satellite. These data were studied in conjunction with X-rays from the Hard X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (HXIS) instrument, and with H-alpha and magnetographic data from ground-based observatories. The processes we studied are the active phenomena which result from the interaction of the solar magnetic fields with the plasma in the outer regions of the solar atmosphere. These processes include some very dynamic processes such as the prominence eruptions and the 'microflares'. Our research aimed at characterizing the following: the observed phenomena, the possible physical models, and the relevance to the chromospheric and coronal heating.

Wu, S. T.

1991-01-01

356

70 FR 24068 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE); Head Start-University Partnership Research...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Research Grants: Curriculum Development and...Background Use of Curricula in Head Start and...early childhood education. Head Start also...programs implement a curriculum; however, use...Creative Curriculum and High/Scope). Locally...Framework and National Studies Released in...

2005-05-06

357

Use and evaluation of molecular diagnostics for pneumonia etiology studies.  

PubMed

Comprehensive microbiological testing will be a core function of the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) project. The development stage of PERCH provided the time and resources necessary for us to conduct a comprehensive review of the current state of respiratory diagnostics. These efforts allowed us to articulate the unique requirements of PERCH, establish that molecular methods would be central to our testing strategy, and focus on a short list of candidate platforms. This process also highlighted critical challenges in the general design and interpretation of diagnostic evaluation studies, particularly in the field of respiratory infections. Although our final molecular diagnostic platform was ultimately selected on the basis of operational and strategic considerations determined by the specific context of PERCH, our review highlighted several conceptual and practical challenges in respiratory diagnostics that have broader relevance for the performance and interpretation of pneumonia research studies. PMID:22403230

Bhat, Niranjan; O'Brien, Katherine L; Karron, Ruth A; Driscoll, Amanda J; Murdoch, David R

2012-04-01

358

Developing a Culture of Evaluative Inquiry: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that few educational reform efforts have achieved significant, long-lasting improvement in student achievement. In order to accelerate growth in student achievement, many researchers have advocated the development of cultures of evaluative inquiry. In a culture of evaluative inquiry, teachers use data to identify instructional…

Miller, Happy Lee

2012-01-01

359

Evaluation of the Harris Centre's Applied Research Fund Kate Reid-Shute  

E-print Network

Evaluation of the Harris Centre's Applied Research Fund Kate Reid-Shute February 27, 2009 2005;Harris Centre Applied Research Fund, 2005/06 ­ 2007/08 EVALUATION February 27, 2009 Prepared by: Kate Inc.) #12;2 #12;i FOREWORD Dear Reader, I conducted this evaluation of the Leslie Harris Centre

deYoung, Brad

360

Using natural experiments to evaluate population health interventions: new Medical Research Council guidance.  

PubMed

Natural experimental studies are often recommended as a way of understanding the health impact of policies and other large scale interventions. Although they have certain advantages over planned experiments, and may be the only option when it is impossible to manipulate exposure to the intervention, natural experimental studies are more susceptible to bias. This paper introduces new guidance from the Medical Research Council to help researchers and users, funders and publishers of research evidence make the best use of natural experimental approaches to evaluating population health interventions. The guidance emphasises that natural experiments can provide convincing evidence of impact even when effects are small or take time to appear. However, a good understanding is needed of the process determining exposure to the intervention, and careful choice and combination of methods, testing of assumptions and transparent reporting is vital. More could be learnt from natural experiments in future as experience of promising but lesser used methods accumulates. PMID:22577181

Craig, Peter; Cooper, Cyrus; Gunnell, David; Haw, Sally; Lawson, Kenny; Macintyre, Sally; Ogilvie, David; Petticrew, Mark; Reeves, Barney; Sutton, Matt; Thompson, Simon

2012-12-01

361

Guidelines for writing a research paper And the basis of evaluation  

E-print Network

Guidelines for writing a research paper And the basis of evaluation Vision: At an early stage this aim the Faculty has adopted asking students to prepare a research paper in each of the specialization of the general evaluation of the module. And in order to organize the preparation of the research paper

362

Advancing Positive Youth Development: Perspectives of Youth as Researchers and Evaluators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the journey taken by a group of adolescents into the field and practice of youth-led research. The article gives voice to the growing number of youth participating in research and evaluation. The authors give authentic youth accounts of: (1) the process of becoming researchers and evaluators, (2) the benefits and challenges…

White, David J.; Shoffner, Anna; Johnson, Kendal; Knowles, Netti; Mills, Madison

2012-01-01

363

Assessing research impact: A case study of participatory research   

E-print Network

There is much current interest in how impacts of research on the wider economy and society can be analysed and documented, despite many methodological and practical challenges. This briefing reports on findings from a ...

Morton, Sarah; Fleming, Jennie

364

The case for applying an early-lifecycle technology evaluation methodology to comparative evaluation of requirements engineering research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The premise of this paper is taht there is a useful analogy between evaluation of proposed problem solutions and evaluation of requirements engineering research itself. Both of these application areas face the challenges of evaluation early in the lifecycle, of the need to consider a wide variety of factors, and of the need to combine inputs from multiple stakeholders in making thse evaluation and subsequent decisions.

Feather, Martin S.

2003-01-01

365

CSM research: Methods and application studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computational mechanics is that discipline of applied science and engineering devoted to the study of physical phenomena by means of computational methods based on mathematical modeling and simulation, utilizing digital computers. The discipline combines theoretical and applied mechanics, approximation theory, numerical analysis, and computer science. Computational mechanics has had a major impact on engineering analysis and design. When applied to structural mechanics, the discipline is referred to herein as computational structural mechanics. Complex structures being considered by NASA for the 1990's include composite primary aircraft structures and the space station. These structures will be much more difficult to analyze than today's structures and necessitate a major upgrade in computerized structural analysis technology. NASA has initiated a research activity in structural analysis called Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM). The broad objective of the CSM activity is to develop advanced structural analysis technology that will exploit modern and emerging computers, such as those with vector and/or parallel processing capabilities. Here, the current research directions for the Methods and Application Studies Team of the Langley CSM activity are described.

Knight, Norman F., Jr.

1989-01-01

366

Sex matters: evaluating sex and gender in migraine and headache research.  

PubMed

Significant sex differences exist in migraine and other headache disorders. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain these differences, including fluctuations in sex hormones and receptor binding, genetic factors, differences in exposure to environmental stressors, as well as differences in response to stress and pain perception; but how valid are some of these findings and can we improve the quality of research in this field? It is notable that the preponderance of animal pain studies use male subjects to study a predominantly female disorder. Furthermore, with respect to headache and migraine sex differences, limited data have been derived from animal models. Additionally, although sex differences (based on the categorization of male vs female) may be more routinely evaluated in clinical headache research than in the basic science research, greater attention to potential differences across the life cycle of women (ie, premenopausal vs postmenopausal differences) and menstrual cycle is warranted. In this manuscript we define the differences between "sex" and "gender" and highlight the importance of their application and use in headache research. The enhanced recognition and implementation of attention to sex differences throughout the hormonal and life-cycle phase in both human and animal research will only help to strengthen and further our understanding of migraine and may help guide the direction of future headache research. PMID:21631471

Peterlin, B Lee; Gupta, Saurabh; Ward, Thomas N; Macgregor, Anne

2011-06-01

367

Multi-KW dc distribution system technology research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Multi-KW DC Distribution System Technology Research Study is the third phase of the NASA/MSFC study program. The purpose of this contract was to complete the design of the integrated technology test facility, provide test planning, support test operations and evaluate test results. The subjet of this study is a continuation of this contract. The purpose of this continuation is to study and analyze high voltage system safety, to determine optimum voltage levels versus power, to identify power distribution system components which require development for higher voltage systems and finally to determine what modifications must be made to the Power Distribution System Simulator (PDSS) to demonstrate 300 Vdc distribution capability.

Dawson, S. G.

1978-01-01

368

Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID)  

E-print Network

Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID) A.D. Pimentel L: performance evaluation, simulation, MIMD architectures Introduction The Mermaid project focuses must be simulated without too much remodelling effort. The MIMD architectures modelled within Mermaid

369

Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)  

PubMed Central

Background The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement. PMID:21771329

2011-01-01

370

Evaluation and Research for Technology: Not Just Playing Around.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some of the challenges of technology-based training and education, the role of quality verification and evaluation, and strategies to integrate evaluation into the everyday design of technology-based systems for education and training. (SLD)

Baker, Eva L.; O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.

2003-01-01

371

Consortium for Research on Educational Accountability and Teacher Evaluation. (CREATE) News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Ninth Annual Evaluation Institute of the Consortium for Research on Accountability and Teacher Evaluation (CREATE) "Educational Accountability: Assessment, Evaluation, and Technology Assessment and Evaluation," San Jose, California, July 20-23, 2000. The Institute featured more than 50 presentations with 4 keynote addresses. Lists…

Airasian, Peter W.; Horn, Sandy

2000-01-01

372

http://www.ucop.edu/research-graduate-studies/_files/research/documents/research_opp_fund.pdf 9/16/2013 UC RESEARCH  

E-print Network

http://www.ucop.edu/research-graduate-studies/_files/research/documents/research_opp_fund.pdf 9/16/2013 UC RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FUND OVERVIEW OF FUNDING The Office of Research and Graduate Studies (ORGS-wide research. Funds are to pilot or seed new projects that can demonstrate a strong "systemwide benefit

California at Santa Cruz, University of

373

Research on Fuzzy Evaluation in Coal Enterprises Logistic System  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the logistic system current situation of coal enterprises, a practical evaluation index system for its logistic system was established, constructing fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model, with this model, exiting logistic system of one coal enterprise was evaluated as a whole, the result provides scientific evidences for coal enterprises to find out logistic system running situation, find out its insufficient

Xu Jun

2009-01-01

374

A Participatory Action Research Approach to Evaluating Inclusive School Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efforts to evaluate inclusion have frequently focused on the efficacy of inclusive education as a service delivery model. Although this information has greatly enhanced the field's understanding of inclusion, a need exists for a comprehensive process to assist schools that embrace inclusion to evaluate their programs. This article reviews the literature on inclusive school program evaluations and proposes a model

Stacy K. Dymond

2001-01-01

375

Llifelog : discovering and evaluating research projects through peer-to-peer exchange  

E-print Network

Llifelog is a web platform for discovering, evaluating, and exchanging research projects among students and researchers from both academia and industry. The goal of Llifelog is foster a community of critique among students ...

Bian, Li, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01

376

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2008 Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the last two weeks of October 2008, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2008 Desert Research and Technology Studies (D-RATS) near Flagstaff, AZ. The Desert RATS field test activity is the year-long culmination of various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The 2008 Desert RATS was the eleventh RATS field test and was the most focused and successful test to date with participants from six NASA field centers, three research organizations, one university, and one other government agency. The main test objective was to collect Unpressurized Rover (UPR) and Lunar Electric Rover (LER) engineering performance and human factors metrics while under extended periods of representative mission-based scenario test operations involving long drive distances, night-time driving, Extravehicular Activity (EVA) operations, and overnight campover periods. The test was extremely successful with all teams meeting the primary test objective. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2008 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations, and test results.

Romig, Barbara; Kosmo, Joseph; Gernhardt, Michael; Abercromby, Andrew

2009-01-01

377

[The positioning of nursing research in the academic studies: the origin and development of qualitative and quantitative studies].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to discuss the historical context of qualitative and quantitative research so as to explain the principle of qualitative study and examine the positioning of nursing research within academic study as a whole. This paper guides the readers towards the historical context from empirical science, discusses the influences of qualitative and quantitative research on nursing research, then investigates the nature of research paradigms, examines the positioning of nursing research, which includes the characteristics of fields such as natural science, humanity and social studies, and science, and lastly, presents the research standard proposed by Yardley in 2000. The research paradigms include Positivism, Postpositivism, Criticism, and Constructivism, which can be compared with Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The nature of the paradigm is to determine the assumption of the paradigm on the basis of Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The paradigm determines how the researcher views the world and decides on what to answer, how to research, and how to answer. The difference in academic environment is reflected in the long-term dialogue between qualitative and quantitative studies, as well as the standard for criticism. This paper introduces the method of evaluation of the quality of qualitative study proposed by Yardley in 2002, namely the sensitivity of the context, the promise and conscientiousness, transparency and consistency, influence and significance. The paper is intended to provide a guideline for readers in evaluating the quality of qualitative study. PMID:16432800

Lu, Pei-Pei; Ting, Shing-Shiang; Chen, Mei-Ling; Tang, Woung-Ru

2005-12-01

378

The Role of Evaluation in Research—Practice Integration Working Toward the ‘‘Golden Spike’’  

Microsoft Academic Search

Program evaluation and planning is at the heart of efforts to integrate the domains of practice and research. Traditionally, research and practice have operated in independent spheres with practitioners focused on the implementation of programs that affect individual behavior and researchers focused on the development and testing of theory. Evidence-based practice (EBP), practice-based evidence, and translational research have attempted to

Jennifer Brown Urban; William Trochim

2009-01-01

379

Stem Cell Research: An Ethical Evaluation of Policy Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

In February 2004, South Korean researchers became the first in the world to successfully harvest stem cells and establish a stem cell line from a cloned human embryo. This is just one of eight possible policy options concern- ing human embryonic stem cell research. In practice, every kind of stem cell research can be done in one country or another.

Nikolaus Knoepffler

2004-01-01

380

The Role of Theory in Learning Technology Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts a fundamental analysis of the nature of research into e-learning and the role that theory plays in this. We examine "research" in broad terms, and the nature of phenomena in general. We identify that e-learning is an artificial phenomenon, and that research approaches need to be cognisant of the design elements in e-learning,…

Phillips, Rob; Kennedy, Gregor; McNaught, Carmel

2012-01-01

381

The Research Resource Guide: A Description and Formative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate research is important for preparing the next generation of scholars in family and consumer sciences (FCS). The Research Resource Guide (RRG) was developed in response to that need; it provides comprehensive information on the research process for faculty to incorporate into undergraduate courses. The RRG comprises three levels: (a)…

Jones, Ethel; Ralston, Penny; Coccia, Catherine; Young-Clark, Iris; Atkinson, Cheryl; Davis, Kimberly E.; Fluellen, Vivian; Hausafus, Cheryl O.; Johnson, Linda; Prowell, Grace

2014-01-01

382

Collaboration in a Multidisciplinary, Distributed Research Organization: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaboration has become a main characteristic of academic research today. New forms of research organizations, colaboratories, have come to the fore, with distributed research centres as their most complex example. In this study, we aim to provide some insight into the collaboration strategies of researchers in their daily researching activities…

Duysburgh, Pieter; Naessens, Kris; Konings, Wim; Jacobs, An

2012-01-01

383

Integrating Public Health Policy, Practice, Evaluation, Surveillance, and Research: The School Health Action Planning and Evaluation System  

PubMed Central

The Canadian Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute of Canada have charged their Centre for Behavioral Research and Program Evaluation with contributing to the development of the country’s systemic capacity to link research, policy, and practice related to population-level interventions. Local data collection and feedback systems are integral to this capacity. Canada’s School Health Action Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) allows data to be collected from all of a school’s students, and these data are used to produce computer-generated school “health profiles.” SHAPES is being used for intervention planning, evaluation, surveillance, and research across Canada. Strong demand and multipartner investment suggest that SHAPES is adding value in all of these domains. Such systems can contribute substantially to evidence-informed public health practice, public engagement, participatory action research, and relevant, timely population intervention research. PMID:17329662

Cameron, Roy; Manske, Stephen; Brown, K. Stephen; Jolin, Mari Alice; Murnaghan, Donna; Lovato, Chris

2007-01-01

384

Project Monitoring and Evaluation: An Enhancing Method for Health Research System Management  

PubMed Central

Background: Planning, organizing, staffing, leading and monitoring are the basic functional component of management. In present article, we aim to define the project monitoring and evaluation in health research system (HRS) considering its success and challenges based on our national experience. Methods: In this study based on the information of annual Medical Science Universities evaluation during the last decade the HRS indicators have been scored in three axes based on HRS functions: Stewardship, capacity building and knowledge production. In this article, we will focus on the results of HRS evaluation from 2002 to 2010, also on its success and challenges. Results: In an overall view, the main results are the experiences of the designing and implantation of such process after pre-project preparation, all parts followed under the whole supervision of the aims of the HRS evaluation. Project management light the way of practical application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques for better HRS evaluation and management. Conclusions: We concluded that; although monitoring and evaluation as an essential part of HRS Management light the improvement ahead way but we still need to advantage of the new project management advances. PMID:24829740

Djalalinia, Shirin; Owlia, Parviz; Malekafzali, Hossein; Ghanei, Mostafa; Babamahmoodi, Abdolreza; Peykari, Niloofar

2014-01-01

385

What and How Are We Evaluating? Meta-Evaluation Study of the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) Portfolio  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of NASA's Minority University Research and Education Program (MUREP), the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project at Langley Research Center has funded 71 climate education initiatives since 2008. The funded initiatives span across the nation and contribute to the development of a climate-literate public and the preparation of a climate-related STEM workforce through research experiences, professional development opportunities, development of data access and modeling tools, and educational opportunities in both K-12 and higher education. Each of the funded projects proposes and carries out its own evaluation plan, in collaboration with external or internal evaluation experts. Using this portfolio as an exemplar case, NICE has undertaken a systematic meta-evaluation of these plans, focused primarily on evaluation questions, approaches, and methods. This meta-evaluation study seeks to understand the range of evaluations represented in the NICE portfolio, including descriptive information (what evaluations, questions, designs, approaches, and methods are applied?) and questions of value (do these evaluations meet the needs of projects and their staff, and of NASA/NICE?). In the current climate, as federal funders of climate change and STEM education projects seek to better understand and incorporate evaluation into their decisions, evaluators and project leaders are also seeking to build robust understanding of program effectiveness. Meta-evaluations like this provide some baseline understanding of the current status quo and the kinds of evaluations carried out within such funding portfolios. These explorations are needed to understand the common ground between evaluative best practices, limited resources, and agencies' desires, capacity, and requirements. When NASA asks for evaluation of funded projects, what happens? Which questions are asked and answered, using which tools? To what extent do the evaluations meet the needs of projects and program officers? How do they contribute to best practices in climate science education? These questions are important to ask about STEM and climate literacy work more generally; the NICE portfolio provides a broad test case for thinking strategically, critically, and progressively about evaluation in our community. Our findings can inform the STEM education, communication, and public outreach communities, and prompt us to consider a broad range of informative evaluation options. During this presentation, we will consider the breadth, depth and utility of evaluations conducted through a NASA climate education funding opportunity. We will examine the relationship between what we want to know about education programs, what we want to achieve with our interventions, and what we ask in our evaluations.

Martin, A. M.; Barnes, M. H.; Chambers, L. H.; Pippin, M. R.

2013-12-01

386

FIRE (facilitating implementation of research evidence): a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Research evidence underpins best practice, but is not always used in healthcare. The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework suggests that the nature of evidence, the context in which it is used, and whether those trying to use evidence are helped (or facilitated) affect the use of evidence. Urinary incontinence has a major effect on quality of life of older people, has a high prevalence, and is a key priority within European health and social care policy. Improving continence care has the potential to improve the quality of life for older people and reduce the costs associated with providing incontinence aids. Objectives This study aims to advance understanding about the contribution facilitation can make to implementing research findings into practice via: extending current knowledge of facilitation as a process for translating research evidence into practice; evaluating the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of two different models of facilitation in promoting the uptake of research evidence on continence management; assessing the impact of contextual factors on the processes and outcomes of implementation; and implementing a pro-active knowledge transfer and dissemination strategy to diffuse study findings to a wide policy and practice community. Setting and sample Four European countries, each with six long-term nursing care sites (total 24 sites) for people aged 60 years and over with documented urinary incontinence Methods and design Pragmatic randomised controlled trial with three arms (standard dissemination and two different programmes of facilitation), with embedded process and economic evaluation. The primary outcome is compliance with the continence recommendations. Secondary outcomes include proportion of residents with incontinence, incidence of incontinence-related dermatitis, urinary tract infections, and quality of life. Outcomes are assessed at baseline, then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the start of the facilitation interventions. Detailed contextual and process data are collected throughout, using interviews with staff, residents and next of kin, observations, assessment of context using the Alberta Context Tool, and documentary evidence. A realistic evaluation framework is used to develop explanatory theory about what works for whom in what circumstances. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11598502. PMID:22453077

2012-01-01

387

Research on risk evaluation arithmetic based on modularization model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analytic hierarchy process is an important quantizing evaluation model approach for risk evaluation, but it also exist some variable to make quantize difficult and the calculation amount increase with the complex degree of system become more deeply. The fuzzy synthesis judgment introduces the fuzzy concept into the risk evaluation, solves the problem of difficult to quantize of risk evaluation in some degree, but it is not enough intuitive for evaluating result corresponding to the subsystem, and lack of guidance meaning for structure designing and maintaining the actual system security. The paper introduces M-REM (modularization based risk evaluation model) method. It breaks up the large system into several modules, and every model has corresponding evaluation entities. Model risk is obtained by computing the risk of evaluation entity and expert marking method, agglomeration analysis method, entropy method and weight average method are applied to resolve the important variable (weight) when computing risk. According to realization of the weight arithmetic of important factors and the analysis of evaluation result, M-REM could efficiently exert delaminating and parallel of the layered model method and implement the instructing effect on safe structure designing and maintaining for actual system.

Liu, Yiliang; Wei, Lily

2007-12-01

388

Evaluation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Study Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Evaluation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress: Study Reports" describes the special studies that comprised the design of the evaluation. In the Final Report, the authors presented a practical discussion of the evaluation studies to its primary, intended audience, namely policymakers. On this accompanying CD, readers will find…

Buckendahl, Chad W.; Davis, Susan L.; Plake, Barbara S.; Sireci, Stephen G.; Hambleton, Ronald K.; Zenisky, April L.; Wells, Craig S.

2009-01-01

389

Exploring the Capability of Evaluating Technical Solutions: A Collaborative Study into the Primary Technology Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the field of technology education, evaluating technical solutions is considered as an important topic. Research indicates that pupils have difficulties in evaluating technical solutions in terms of fitness for purpose, i.e. how effective a technical solution supports its intended function. By using the learning study, which is an iterative…

Björkholm, Eva

2014-01-01

390

The Definition and Interpretation of Effects in Decision Oriented Evaluation Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The estimation and evaluation of the effects of alternative educational or social policies is a major purpose of decision oriented, comparative evaluation studies. This paper reviews the rationale underlying the definition and interpretation of various measures of effect magnitude and examines their relevance to evalution research. (Author)

Cahan, Sorel; And Others

1987-01-01

391

Int. J. Human-Computer Studies 65 (2007) 273274 Evaluating affective interactions  

E-print Network

as an active researcher in the area of affective evaluation, and as a curator and gadfly (in her role as headInt. J. Human-Computer Studies 65 (2007) 273­274 Editorial Evaluating affective interactions of affective systems. We are delighted to present a wide range of papers, culled from a very large number

Isbister, Katherine

392

Towards a TQM-driven HR performance evaluation: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports findings from a research designed to investigate the main issues of the current human resource (HR) performance evaluation systems in over 150 UK-based quality-focused organisations. The study identified the main characteristics of HR performance evaluation systems currently conducting in total quality management (TQM)-based organisations. The research approach consisted of a questionnaire survey in a sample of cross-section organisations in

Ebrahim Soltani

2003-01-01

393

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2011-07-01

394

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2010-07-01

395

Summary of 2008 CUAA Chinese University Evaluation and Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2002, the University Evaluation Task Force of China University Alumni Association Network (CUAA), "University Weekly" and "21st Century Talent Report" have made joint efforts in the evaluation of higher education institutions in China. Compared with the ranking in 2007, China's University Ranking in the 2008 report is different mainly due to…

Deguo, Zhao; Yanhou, Cai; Yongjun, Feng; Lingfeng, Wang

2009-01-01

396

A Teacher Evaluation System That Works. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are the most important school-related factor for student achievement gains, but evaluation of teacher performance is seldom conducted in any rigorous way. As policymakers call for a better approach to teacher evaluation, the 10-year history of TAP[TM]: The System for Teacher and Student Advancement provides an example of an integrated…

National Institute for Excellence in Teaching, 2010

2010-01-01

397

A framework for evaluating eHealth research  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Health care is in the midst of a consumer-oriented technology explosion. Individuals of all ages and backgrounds have discovered eHealth. But the challenges of implementing and evaluating eHealth are just beginning to surface, and, as technology changes, new challenges emerge. Evaluation is critical...

398

Research Note: An Evaluation of Juvenile Sexual Offender Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although interest in the treatment of juvenile sexual offenders has increased significantly in recent years, there are still few programs specifically geared toward these youths and few of the existing programs have been evaluated. This article presents an evaluation of one court-based program. The results show that youths handled in the program fare no better than youths processed through normal,

Glenn Shields; Connie Schondel

1993-01-01

399

Development of a School Nursing Research Agenda in Florida: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is important to the image, visibility, and viability of school nursing. Each state school nursing association should evaluate member commitment to school nursing research based on their unique set of financial, educational, and organizational resources. A 3-round Delphi study was conducted in which Florida school nurses identified…

Gordon, Shirley C.; Barry, Charlotte D.

2006-01-01

400

Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic. PMID:23335488

2013-01-01

401

Lesson Study: Researching Learning about Teaching from Research Mathematics Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lesson study is a form of teacher professional development that is intrinsic to the Japanese educational system in first and second level schools and in teacher education. Lesson study has been credited with the success of Japanese pupils in international comparative tests of mathematics achievement (Stigler and Hiebert, 1999). It is gaining…

Corcoran, Dolores

2009-01-01

402

Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Lower Snake River tributaries Prepared by: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife  

E-print Network

DRAFT Research, Monitoring and Evaluation ­ Lower Snake River tributaries Prepared by: Washington approach in the Columbia River subbasins to recover ESA listed salmon and steelhead. A part of those efforts is the development of Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) plans that will help direct

403

Beginning Interpretative Inquiry: A Step-by-Step Approach to Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Beginning Interpretive Inquiry" importantly makes the distinction between the use of "inquiry" rather than interpretive research or interpretive evaluation. Richard Morehouse explores how inquiry is a far more inclusive concept that allows for a detailed understanding of both research and evaluation. The author draws on his personal experiences…

Morehouse, Richard

2011-01-01

404

Assessing Student Perception of Practice Evaluation Knowledge in Introductory Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the use of the Practice Evaluation Knowledge Scale (PEKS) to assess student perception of acquisition and retention of practice evaluation knowledge from an undergraduate research methods class. The authors sampled 2 semesters of undergraduate social work students enrolled in an introductory research methods course.…

Baker, Lisa R.; Pollio, David E.; Hudson, Ashley

2011-01-01

405

78 FR 16679 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). These...identify and address medical policy issues that...Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug...coordination of medical policy development...Director for Clinical Science, the Director of...specific policy topics under...

2013-03-18

406

Evaluation of a Multi-Case Participatory Action Research Project: The Case of SOLINSA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Scholars agree that evaluation of participatory action research is inherently valuable; however there have been few attempts at evaluating across methods and across interventions because the perceived success of a method is affected by context, researcher skills and the aims of the participants. This paper describes the systematic…

Home, Robert; Rump, Niels

2015-01-01

407

A Narrative Review of Greek Myths as Interpretative Metaphors in Educational Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews a series of Greek myths put forward as cultural narratives that could be used as metaphors or interpretative similes for explanatory and evaluative purposes in educational research and evaluation. These myths have been used in educational research literature, and most of them were found by carrying out an exhaustive search of…

Fernandez-Cano, Antonio; Torralbo, Manuel; Vallejo, Monica; Fernandez-Guerrero, Ines M.

2012-01-01

408

Toward a General and Unified View of Educational Research and Educational Evaluation: Bridging Philosophy and Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses an important problem that may really be a pseudoproblem perpetuated by a current artificial or even political need to isolate researchers, evaluators, and theorists and put them in conceptual-methodological boxes. In this paper, we argue that scholars of all kinds should focus on the nouns (i.e., research, evaluation, theory)…

Perla, Rocco J.; Carifio, James

2009-01-01

409

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1995  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1995 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in Rye Brook, New York. he symposium was the eighth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA's Biosystems Technol...

410

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1994  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1994 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in San Francisco, California. The symposium was the seventh annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA's Biosystem...

411

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1993  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1993 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in Dallas, Texas The symposium was the sixth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducts (by EPA's Biosystems Technology Dev...

412

Evaluating the federal role in financing?health-related?research  

PubMed Central

This paper considers the appropriate role for government in the support of scientific and technological progress in health care; the information the federal government needs to make well-informed decisions about its role; and the ways that federal policy toward research and development should respond to scientific advances, technology trends, and changes in the political and social environment. The principal justification for government support of research rests upon economic characteristics that lead private markets to provide inappropriate levels of research support or to supply inappropriate quantities of the products that result from research. The federal government has two basic tools for dealing with these problems: direct subsidies for research and strengthened property rights that can increase the revenues that companies receive for the products that result from research. In the coming years, the delivery system for health care will continue to undergo dramatic changes, new research opportunities will emerge at a rapid pace, and the pressure to limit discretionary federal spending will intensify. These forces make it increasingly important to improve the measurement of the costs and benefits of research and to recognize the tradeoffs among alternative policies for promoting innovation in health care. PMID:8917484

Garber, Alan?M.; Romer, Paul?M.

1996-01-01

413

Assessing Research Productivity: Evaluating Journal Publication across Academic Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical faculty publications over a three-year period were used to analyze relative research productivity of one medical school's basic and clinical science departments. Journal citation ratings, number of authors, and faculty member's byline position were used as criteria. Departments varied greatly in research productivity, correlated with…

Ellwein, Leon B; And Others

1989-01-01

414

Evaluating the High School Lunar Research Projects Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Center for Lunar Science and Exploration (CLSE), a collaboration between the Lunar and Planetary Institute and NASA s Johnson Space Center, is one of seven member teams of the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI). In addition to research and exploration activities, the CLSE team is deeply invested in education and outreach. In support of NASA s and NLSI s objective to train the next generation of scientists, CLSE s High School Lunar Research Projects program is a conduit through which high school students can actively participate in lunar science and learn about pathways into scientific careers. The objectives of the program are to enhance 1) student views of the nature of science; 2) student attitudes toward science and science careers; and 3) student knowledge of lunar science. In its first three years, approximately 168 students and 28 teachers from across the United States have participated in the program. Before beginning their research, students undertake Moon 101, a guided-inquiry activity designed to familiarize them with lunar science and exploration. Following Moon 101, and guided by a lunar scientist mentor, teams choose a research topic, ask their own research question, and design their own research approach to direct their investigation. At the conclusion of their research, teams present their results to a panel of lunar scientists. This panel selects four posters to be presented at the annual Lunar Science Forum held at NASA Ames. The top scoring team travels to the forum to present their research in person.

Shaner, A. J.; Shupla, C.; Shipp, S.; Allen, J.; Kring, D. A.

2013-01-01

415

Meeting CORE Standards in the Research and Program Evaluation Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rehabilitation research provides the foundation for effective services to persons with disabilities. As a required course by the Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) accreditation standards, the research course in the rehabilitation counseling curriculum remains a difficult one for students, as direct application to practice is not readily…

Schultz, Jared C.; O'Brien, Michael

2008-01-01

416

Women's Erotic Rape Fantasies: An Evaluation of Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is the first systematic review of the research literature on women's rape fantasies. Current research indicates that between 31% and 57% of women have fantasies in which they are forced into sex against their will, and for 9% to 17% of women these are a frequent or favorite fantasy experience. Erotic rape fantasies are paradoxical: they do not

Joseph W. Critelli; Jenny M. Bivona

2008-01-01

417

Evaluating the Potential of NASA's Earth Science Research Results for Improving Future Operational Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Earth Science Theme is charged with implementing NASA Strategic Goal 3A to "study Earth from space to advance scientific understanding and meet societal needs." In the course of meeting this objective, NASA produces research results, such as scientific observatories, research models, advanced sensor and space system technology, data active archives and interoperability technology, high performance computing systems, and knowledge products. These research results have the potential to serve society beyond their intended purpose of answering pressing Earth system science questions. NASA's Applied Sciences Program systematically evaluates the potential of the portfolio of research results to serve society by conducting projects in partnership with regional/national scale operational partners with the statutory responsibility to inform decision makers. These projects address NASA's National Applications and the societal benefit areas under the IEOS and GEOSS. Prototyping methods are used in two ways in NASA's Applied Sciences Program. The first is part of the National Applications program element, referred to as Integrated Systems Solutions (ISS) projects. The approach for these projects is to use high fidelity prototypes to benchmark the assimilation of NASA research results into our partners' decision support systems. The outcome from ISS projects is a prototype system that has been rigorously tested with the partner to understand the scientific uncertainty and improved value of their modified system. In many cases, these completed prototypes are adopted or adapted for use by the operational partners. The second falls under the Crosscutting Solutions program element, referred to as Rapid Prototyping (RP) experiments. The approach for RP experiments is to use low fidelity prototypes that are low cost and quickly produced to evaluate the potential of the breadth of NASA research results to serve society. The outcome from the set of RP experiments is an evaluation of many and varied NASA research results for their potential to be candidates for further development as an ISS project. The intention is to seed the community with many creative ideas for projects that use "un-applied" NASA research results to serve society, such as simulations of future missions.

Frederick, M. E.; Cox, E. L.; Friedl, L. A.

2006-12-01

418

Research strategies for geriatric evaluation and management: conference summary and recommendations.  

PubMed

In this paper, we present the consensus statement from a national conference on research priorities and methodologies for studying geriatric evaluation and management (GEM) programs. These conclusions, discussion points, and recommendations resulted from discussions of plenary papers, working group deliberations, and a final session in which findings were synthesized by the conference co-chairmen and presented to conference participants for final review. Major conclusions included: (1) The importance of linking geriatric evaluation with care management in future studies; (2) The need for multi-center trials of inpatient units to establish efficacy; (3) The importance of studying criteria for targeting GEM care on patients who are most likely to benefit; (4) The need for further developmental studies of outpatient GEM clinics; (5) The importance of assessing a range of outcomes including mortality, patient function, satisfaction, caregiver burden, and cost; and (6) The need to define more carefully the nature of the intervention that is being studied to aid in comparing and extrapolating findings. The following research priorities for GEMS were formulated based on the conference: (1) Within the VA health care system, a multi-site randomized trial of inpatient GEM units should be initiated; (2) Multi-site studies of inpatient GEM units and consultation teams linked to outpatient care should be initiated in non-VA settings; (3) Studies should identify the components of GEM that are most critical to outcome; (4) Studies should explore efficacy of GEM in settings that have not been well studied to date such as nursing homes; and (5) Studies are needed to test screening methods and targeting criteria for GEM in all settings. PMID:1885880

Kramer, A; Deyo, R; Applegate, W; Meehan, S

1991-09-01

419

Recruitment to Intellectual Disability Research: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Difficulties in the recruitment of adults with intellectual disability (ID) to research studies are well described but little studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the difficulties in recruiting to a specific research project, in order to inform future recruitment to ID research. Methods: Individual semi-structured…

Nicholson, L.; Colyer, M.; Cooper, S. -A.

2013-01-01

420

Evaluation of NIPER thermal EOR research, state-of-the-art and research needs  

SciTech Connect

The Thermal Oil Production Research Group at NIPER has conducted research on behalf of the US Department of Energy on thermal methods of oil production (steam and for 1 year, in situ combustion) since 1983. Research projects performed by this group have attempted to adapt to the needs and direction of the DOE`s oil research program and that of industry. This report summarizes the research that has been conducted, analyses the contributions of the research, describes how the technology was transferred to potential users, analyzes current trends in thermal research and thermal oil production, and makes suggestions for future research where NIPER could contribute to advances in thermal oil production.

Sarathi, P.S.; Olsen, D.K.; Mahmood, S.M.; Ramzel, E.B.

1993-06-01

421

Joined-wing research airplane feasibility study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The joined wing is a new type of aircraft configuration which employs tandem wings arranged to form diamond shapes in plan view and front view. Wind-tunnel tests and finite-element structural analyses have shown that the joined wing provides the following advantages over a comparable wing-plus-tail system; lighter weight and higher stiffness, higher span-efficiency factor, higher trimmed maximum lift coefficient, lower wave drag, plus built-in direct lift and direct sideforce control capability. To verify these advantages at full scale a manned research airplane is required. A study has therefore been performed of the feasibility of constructing such an airplane, using the fuselage and engines of the existing NAA AD-1 oblique-wing airplane. Cost and schedule constraints favored converting the AD-1 rather than constructing a totally new airframe. By removing the outboard wing panels the configuration can simulate wings joined at 60, 80, or 100 percent of span. For maximum versatility the aircraft has alternative control surfaces (such as ailerons and elevators on the front and/or rear wings), and a removeable canard to explore canard/joined-wing interactions at high-lift conditions. Design, performance, and flying qualities are discussed.

Wolkovitch, J.

1984-01-01

422

Research Organizations Participating in the HEAL Study  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

423

Dance Education Action Research: A Twin Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author compares the practices, philosophy, and history of action research, also known as participatory action research, to the purposes and practices of dance education. The comparison yields connections in four categories, enhancing self-reflective teaching and curriculum design, taking responsibility for teaching outcomes,…

Giguere, Miriam

2015-01-01

424

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nonlinear Optical Imaging to Evaluate the Impact of  

E-print Network

not be analyzed using standard two-dimensional histologic evaluation. Given the importance of mammary stroma in childhood obesity indicates that the adverse effects of obesity on human health will be a major concern

Cheng, Ji-Xin

425

Evaluation of information sequential aspects of schizophrenic performance. II. Research strategies and methodological issues.  

PubMed

This presentation deals with research issues surrounding the investigation of schizophrenic performance from the perspective of the experimental psychology of normal cognition. Topics of subject selection, influence of medication on subjects' performance, appropriateness of underlying models of performance developed with normal samples, and nonuniform measurement properties of dependent variables are dealt with. Relevant items of rationale for this branch of study are put forth and evaluated. Finally, the notion of critical deficit--whereby the importance of deterioration in a component of performance is judged according to the component's role in negotiating environmental demands (rather than the component's absolute magnitude of deterioration)--is detailed and exemplified. PMID:7024474

Neufeld, R W; Broga, M I

1981-09-01

426

Mental Health Research with Latino Farmworkers: A Systematic Evaluation of the Short CES-D  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health research among Latino farmworkers is hampered by the absence of measurement evaluation that ensures farmworkers\\u000a understand and can consistently and appropriately respond to questions about mental health. Cross-sectional data were obtained\\u000a from 409 farmworkers via interviewer-administered survey questionnaires. Mental health was operationalized with the short-form\\u000a Center for Epidemiologic Studies, Depression (CES-D) scale. The structured interviewer-administered survey questionnaires\\u000a included

J. G. Grzywacz; T. Alterman; C. Muntaner; R. Shen; J. Li; S. Gabbard; J. Nakamoto; D. J. Carroll

2010-01-01

427

Evaluating teaching and research performances: a non-parametric 'benefit-of-the-doubt' approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing popularity, teaching and research evaluations of university faculty remain the subject of criticism. Much of the debate has revolved around the lack of a well-established evaluation methodology, with the existing evaluation practices of providing teachers and researchers with an overall score (i.e., SET- and RES-score) equal to a fixed weighted average of their performances on the multiple

Nicky Rogge

2011-01-01

428

An exploratory study of the innovation evaluation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

In their search for the keys to successful product innovation, product managers and researchers typically focus on trying to identify the most effective organizational processes, strategies, and structures. Surprisingly, little or no effort is directed toward understanding the process that consumers use for evaluating an innovation. By gaining insight into this evaluation process, a firm can present an innovative product

Richard W. Olshavsky; Richard A. Spreng

1996-01-01

429

The Evaluation of Large Research Initiatives: A Participatory Integrative Mixed-Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few decades there has been a rise in the number of federally funded large scientific research initiatives, with increased calls to evaluate their processes and outcomes. This article describes efforts to evaluate such initiatives in one agency within the U.S. federal government. The authors introduce the Evaluation of Large…

Trochim, William M.; Marcus, Stephen E.; Masse, Louise C.; Moser, Richard P.; Weld, Patrick C.

2008-01-01

430

The Evaluation of Large Research InitiativesA Participatory Integrative Mixed-Methods Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few decades there has been a rise in the number of federally funded large scientific research initiatives, with increased calls to evaluate their processes and outcomes. This article describes efforts to evaluate such initiatives in one agency within the U.S. federal government. The authors introduce the Evaluation of Large Initiatives (ELI) project, a preliminary effort to explore

William M. Trochim; Stephen E. Marcus; Louise C. Mâsse; Richard P. Moser; Patrick C. Weld

2008-01-01

431

Interpretive Analyses of 1978-79 Research and Evaluation Reports; Volumes I and II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After outlining the goals, budget, and personnel of the research and evaluation branch of the Dallas Independent School District, the results of 150 program evaluations are summarized and interpreted. Most evaluations are based on achievement gains as measured by standardized achievement tests. Results are often analyzed by district, subdistrict,…

Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

432

The Impact of Research and Teaching Evaluation in Universities: Comparing an Italian and a Dutch Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the impact of research and education evaluation on two universities: Trento State University (Italy) and the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands). The article adopts a system approach to evaluation and proposes a model to describe and analyse evaluation systems. The analysis has been carried out by means of in-depth…

Minelli, Eliana; Rebora, Gianfranco; Turri, Matteo; Huisman, Jeroen

2006-01-01

433

Investigating Religion and Computing: A Case for Using Standpoint Theory in Technology Evaluation Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research focuses on the development and study of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) that support religious practices and the use of standpoint theory in ICT evaluation studies. Three phases makeup this work: formative studies to understand how megachurches, their members and leaders use ICT in ways tied to their Protestant…

Wyche, Susan Porter

2010-01-01

434

International Evaluation Studies of Second Step, a Primary Prevention Programme: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Second Step is a social-emotional, skill-based, violence-prevention programme, which has been adapted for several European countries. The various versions of the programme (for kindergarten/preschool, elementary school, middle school) have been evaluated in a series of research studies. The outcomes and study designs of these studies are reported…

Schick, Andreas; Cierpka, Manfred

2013-01-01

435

Discrimination discovery in scientific project evaluation: A case study$ Andrea Romei, Salvatore Ruggieri and Franco Turini  

E-print Network

Discrimination discovery in scientific project evaluation: A case study$ Andrea Romei, Salvatore, experimentation with real data. This paper contributes by presenting a case study on gender discrimination in a dataset of scientific research proposals, and by distilling from the case study a general discrimination

Ruggieri, Salvatore

436

Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

Objectives With over 1 million children served by the U.S. Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of decision-analytic modeling to advance Child Welfare policy and practice. Methods The review included 19 repositories of peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed “gray” literatures, including items in English published before November, 2009. Original research articles were included if they evaluated interventions based on costs and outcomes. Review articles were included to assess the relevance of these techniques over time and to highlight the increasing discussion of methods needed to undertake such research. Items were categorized by their focus on: interventions for the U.S. Child Welfare system; primary prevention of entry into the system; and use of models to make long-term projections of costs and outcomes. Results Searches identified 2,640 articles, with 49 ultimately included (19 reviews and 30 original research articles). Between 1988 and 2009, reviews consistently advocated economic evaluation and increasingly provided methodological guidance. 21 of the original research articles focused on Child Welfare, while 9 focused on child mental health. Of the 21 Child Welfare articles, 81% (17) focused on the U.S. system. 47% (8/17) focused exclusively on primary prevention, though 83% of the U.S. system, peer-reviewed articles focused exclusively on prevention (5/6). 9 of the 17 articles included empirical follow-up (mean sample size: 264 individuals; mean follow-up: 3.8 years). 10 of the 17 articles used modeling to project longer-term outcomes, but 80% of the articles using modeling were not peer-reviewed. Although 60% of modeling studies included interventions for children in the system, all peer-reviewed modeling articles focused on prevention. Conclusions Methodological guidance for economic evaluations in Child Welfare is increasingly available. Such analyses are feasible given the availability of nationally-representative data on children involved with Child Welfare and evidence-based interventions. Practice Implications Policy analyses considering the long-term costs and effects of interventions to improve Child Welfare outcomes are scarce, feasible, and urgently needed. PMID:21944552

Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

437

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...constituting the natural and social sciences undergirding the agricultural...relationships in the university science community, as well as between...faculty in the natural or social sciences; provide a better research...instrumentation, facilities, computer services, library and...

2011-01-01

438

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...constituting the natural and social sciences undergirding the agricultural...relationships in the university science community, as well as between...faculty in the natural or social sciences; provide a better research...instrumentation, facilities, computer services, library and...

2014-01-01

439

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...constituting the natural and social sciences undergirding the agricultural...relationships in the university science community, as well as between...faculty in the natural or social sciences; provide a better research...instrumentation, facilities, computer services, library and...

2012-01-01

440

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...constituting the natural and social sciences undergirding the agricultural...relationships in the university science community, as well as between...faculty in the natural or social sciences; provide a better research...instrumentation, facilities, computer services, library and...

2013-01-01

441

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...constituting the natural and social sciences undergirding the agricultural...relationships in the university science community, as well as between...faculty in the natural or social sciences; provide a better research...instrumentation, facilities, computer services, library and...

2010-01-01

442

NATIONAL EPIDEMIOLOGIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT RESEARCH WATER (NEEAR) STUDY FOR BEACHES  

EPA Science Inventory

This research (i.e., the NEEAR Water Study) will be conducted over the next four to five years and will involve approximately 11 beach recreational areas nationwide. The NEEAR Water Study is a prospective study of beachgoers designed to evaluate whether swimmers at marine and Gr...

443

The design and field implementation of the Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Environmental Protection Agency recently conducted the Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study (DEARS). The study began in 2004 and involved community, residential, and personal-based measurements of air pollutants targeting 120 participants and their residences. The primary goal of the study was to evaluate and describe the relationship between air toxics, particulate matter (PM), PM constituents, and PM from

Ron Williams; Anne Rea; Alan Vette; Carry Croghan; Donald Whitaker; Carvin Stevens; Steve Mcdow; Roy Fortmann; Linda Sheldon; Holly Wilson; Jonathan Thornburg; Michael Phillips; Phil Lawless; Charles Rodes; Hunter Daughtrey

2009-01-01

444

A Reflective Journey! Why the Study of Teacher Evaluation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's reflection on his experiences of teacher evaluation implemented in South Africa and his interest in researching this contentious topic in South Australia. He is of the opinion that his research will serve as a source of knowledge generation to teachers with respect to: a) "greater personal, professional and…

Naidu, Sham

2011-01-01

445

Using Microanalytical Simulation Methods in Educational Evaluation: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientifically based research used to inform evidence based school reform efforts has been required by the federal government in order to receive grant funding since the reenactment of No Child Left Behind (2002). Educational evaluators are thus faced with the challenge to use rigorous research designs to establish causal relationships. However,…

Sondergeld, Toni A.; Beltyukova, Svetlana A.; Fox, Christine M.; Stone, Gregory E.

2012-01-01

446

Online versus offline research: implications for evaluating digital media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of the Internet and other digital media has opened up exciting opportunities for the provision of public services, for business and for personal transactions. Comparisons between the earliest forms of “online” research, in the form of telephone interviewing, and offline data collection via face-to-face interviews or self-completion questionnaires, revealed that the modality within which research was conducted could

Barrie Gunter; David Nicholas; Paul Huntington; Peter Williams

2002-01-01

447

The knowledge pool: Measurement challenges in evaluating fundamental research programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) requires all U.S. federal agencies to set measurable goals and report on whether they are meeting them. These requirements force a tradeoff for research agencies. Either they focus on short-term, measurable processes in reporting their performance and neglect the long-term benefits that research produces for economy and society, or they seek relief from

Susan E. Cozzens

1997-01-01

448

Establishing a Research Agenda for Art Therapy: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Art therapy in the United States is a young profession that would benefit from an identified research agenda to marshal resources more effectively to address gaps in the knowledge base. This article describes a Delphi study of U.S. art therapy researchers who were surveyed on research priorities for the profession. The research panelists were…

Kaiser, Donna; Deaver, Sarah

2013-01-01

449

results.Research and Graduate Studies at North Carolina State University Achievements in Research  

E-print Network

results.Research and Graduate Studies at North Carolina State University Achievements in Research. It will also call for NC State to leverage its reputation as a research university and its history of building it comes to this global challenge. Research here is expanding North Carolina's biofuels industries, smart

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

450

Assessment Study of an Undergraduate Research Training Abroad Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Old Westbury Neuroscience International Research Program (OWNIP) encourages undergraduate students from health disparities populations and underrepresented minorities to pursue careers in basic science, biomedical, clinical, and behavioral health research fields. To evaluate this program, several measures were used tracked through an online…

Nieto-Fernandez, Fernando; Race, Kathryn; Quarless, Duncan A.

2013-01-01

451

Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one…

Shannon, Patrick; Kim, Wooksoo; Robinson, Adjoa

2012-01-01

452

The Role of Evaluation in Research-Practice Integration: Working toward the "Golden Spike"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Program evaluation and planning is at the heart of efforts to integrate the domains of practice and research. Traditionally, research and practice have operated in independent spheres with practitioners focused on the implementation of programs that affect individual behavior and researchers focused on the development and testing of theory.…

Urban, Jennifer Brown; Trochim, William

2009-01-01

453

Usability evaluation in an exploratory design-based research approach of convenience store new employee training e-Learning material  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large number of organizations have adopted e-learning programs, and far fewer have addressed the usability of their learning applications. To ensure the quality of e-learning training material, we utilized the usability evaluation heuristic in the design and development processes. The application of exploratory, and usability evaluations during the design-based research study is described. Additionally, participant selection, data collection and

Chiung-Sui Chang; Wan-Tzu Wong; Yi-Chia Cheng; Ya-Ping Huang

2009-01-01

454

Ethical evaluation of hypnosis research: a survey of investigators and their institutional review boards.  

PubMed

We surveyed hypnosis researchers and Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) with regard to the ethical evaluation of research protocols. Researchers and IRB administrators were independently surveyed within the same institutions. Both objective and free response items were used to address substantive issues such as deception and at-risk populations, as well as practical matters such as paperwork. Parallel questions allowed a point-counterpoint between researchers and IRBs. Overall, the results suggest that IRBs do not treat hypnosis research differently than other types of research. We end with recommendations for facilitating interactions between hypnosis researchers and their IRBs. PMID:9141301

Council, J R; Smith, E J; Kaster-Bundgaard, J; Gladue, B A

1997-04-01

455

Evaluating the informatics for integrating biology and the bedside system for clinical research  

PubMed Central

Background Selecting patient cohorts is a critical, iterative, and often time-consuming aspect of studies involving human subjects; informatics tools for helping streamline the process have been identified as important infrastructure components for enabling clinical and translational research. We describe the evaluation of a free and open source cohort selection tool from the Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2) group: the i2b2 hive. Methods Our evaluation included the usability and functionality of the i2b2 hive using several real world examples of research data requests received electronically at the University of Utah Health Sciences Center between 2006 - 2008. The hive server component and the visual query tool application were evaluated for their suitability as a cohort selection tool on the basis of the types of data elements requested, as well as the effort required to fulfill each research data request using the i2b2 hive alone. Results We found the i2b2 hive to be suitable for obtaining estimates of cohort sizes and generating research cohorts based on simple inclusion/exclusion criteria, which consisted of about 44% of the clinical research data requests sampled at our institution. Data requests that relied on post-coordinated clinical concepts, aggregate values of clinical findings, or temporal conditions in their inclusion/exclusion criteria could not be fulfilled using the i2b2 hive alone, and required one or more intermediate data steps in the form of pre- or post-processing, modifications to the hive metadata, etc. Conclusion The i2b2 hive was found to be a useful cohort-selection tool for fulfilling common types of requests for research data, and especially in the estimation of initial cohort sizes. For another institution that might want to use the i2b2 hive for clinical research, we recommend that the institution would need to have structured, coded clinical data and metadata available that can be transformed to fit the logical data models of the i2b2 hive, strategies for extracting relevant clinical data from source systems, and the ability to perform substantial pre- and post-processing of these data. PMID:19863809

2009-01-01

456

A Recess Evaluation with the Players: Taking Steps Toward Participatory Action Research  

PubMed Central

This playground study conceptualizes recess as a time and space that belongs to students; their inclusion in this evaluation is a notable difference from other recess/playground research. The goal was to help elementary school students make the changes they felt were needed on their playground. After conducting structured observations and student and recess aide focus groups, a report was presented to all stakeholders, and recess changes were made. We seek to show how the process of being inclusive during the evaluation was not only valuable for determining problem definition and potential interventions, but was also necessary to determine the best methods for solutions, move toward second-order change, and to create a space to facilitate children’s participation and empowerment. PMID:20544270

Ren, Julie Yunyi

2010-01-01

457

FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAM EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION  

E-print Network

FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAM EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION demonstrates outstanding performance 2 = above average employee; often exerts extra effort 3 = average employee = not applicable to student's position Using the above criteria, evaluate the student's performance

Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

458

Evaluating the UK Breast Screening Programme: Study design and practicalities  

Cancer.gov

Evaluating the UK Breast Screening Programme Study design and practicalities Louise Johns, Sue Moss, Tony Swerdlow Department of Health Cancer Screening Evaluation Unit Section of Epidemiology Background • UK breast screening programme started in 1987

459

Designing Evaluations: A Study Examining Preferred Evaluation Designs of Educational Evaluators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of educational evaluators was asked to design an outcomes-focused evaluation of a school program that aims to improve the academic achievement and self-esteem of students. Evaluators provided detailed descriptions of their evaluation design and methodology in their responses. These descriptions were coded and analyzed to determine the…

Azzam, Tarek; Szanyi, Michael

2011-01-01

460

Evaluation of a Health Professionals’ Training Program to Conduct Research in New York City’s Asian American Community  

PubMed Central

Background Because health disparities among Asian Americans are understudied, a partnership program between the Charles B Wang Community Health Center and the Center for the Study of Asian American Health was created to increase awareness and interest in Asian American research. Purpose To evaluate the process, outcome, and impact of a health professionals’ research training program. Methods Mixed research methods were employed to collect data from online surveys administered to mentors and trainees of the program. Results Although many trainees did not continue to pursue Asian American health disparities research, results indicate that the program has positive impacts on trainees in their preparedness to conduct CBPR, work within the Asian American community, and network with public health professionals and researchers. Discussion This evaluation adds to the current literature of research training programs but more research on Asian American health disparities is needed. Translation to Health Education Practice Although the program has helped raise awareness in Asian American health disparities research, more Asian American specific research training programs are needed to stimulate a true generation of researchers. PMID:24977241

Zhang, Pao San Lucy; Sim, Shao-Chee; Pong, Perry; Islam, Nadia; Trinh-Shevrin, Chau; Li, Shijian; Tsang, Thomas; Rey, Mariano

2014-01-01

461

Recommendations concerning research and model evaluation needs to support breeder reactor environmental radiological assessments  

SciTech Connect

Purpose of this report is to present recommendations concerning needs for model evaluations, environmental research, and biomedical research to support breeder reactor environmental radiological assessments. More data are needed to specify dry deposition velocities and to validate plume depletion models. More atmospheric dispersion data are required to characterize flow near buildings, in complex terrain, and for travel distances at 100 km or more. Field data are needed for terrestrial food chain transport models, especially those used to assess the impact of acute radionuclide releases. Efforts are needed to develop models for the estimation of dose from external exposure to photons from a finite, elevated plume resulting from an acute radionuclide release to the atmosphere. Estimates of doses to man from internally deposited radionuclides require scrutiny. Further study of tritium is needed to determine its dependence on dose and dose rate and to specify the relative toxicity of various physiochemical forms of tritium in the environment.

Miller, C. W.; Dunning, Jr., D. E.; Etnier, E. L.; Kocher, D. C.; McDowell-Boyer, L. M.; Meyer, H. R.; Rohwer, P. S.

1980-12-01

462

Development of a New Multiplying Assembly for Research, Validation, Evaluation, and Learning  

SciTech Connect

A new multiplying test assembly is under development at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to support research, validation, evaluation, and learning. The item is comprised of two stacked highly-enriched uranium (HEU) cylinders each 11.4 cm in diameter and having a combined height of 8.4 cm. The combined mass is 14.4 kg of HEU. Calculations for the bare configuration of the assembly indicate a multiplication level of >2.5 (keff = 0.62). Reflected configurations of the assembly, using either polyethylene or tungsten, are possible and have the capability of raising its multiplication level to approximately 8. This paper will describe the MCNP calculations performed to assess the assembly's multiplication level under different conditions and describe the resource available at INL to support visiting researchers in their use of the material. We will also describe some preliminary calculations and test activities using the assembly to study neutron multiplicity.

David L. Chichester

2012-10-01

463

Engagement in Authentic Geoscience Research: Evaluation of Research Experiences of Undergraduates and Secondary Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article examines the effects of a program involving authentic research on the participants' interest in research, career plans, and attitudes on science. The findings are from the first year of a three-year program funded by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. In three out of four projects, participants increased their interest in research, with two-thirds planning to change career plans to become more research-oriented. The implications of these findings for providing authentic research opportunities are discussed.

Olga Jarrett

2003-01-01

464

UNIV 7100 Research in Interdisciplinary Study Course Syllabus  

E-print Network

. Prospectus Required Textbook: John W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods to literature reviews, data collection and analysis, and the research proposal. Quantitative and Qualitative is concerned with the study and application of research methods appropriate to liberal and professional studies

Dasgupta, Dipankar

465

Research Priorities in Mobile Learning: An International Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with advancing mobile technologies and proliferating mobile devices and applications, mobile learning research has gained great momentum in recent years. While there have been review articles summarizing past research, studies identifying mobile learning research priorities based on experts' latest insights have been lacking. This study

Hsu, Yu-Chang; Ching, Yu-Hui; Snelson, Chareen

2014-01-01

466

DOE ARM Climate Research Facility - Providing Research Quality Data Products for Climate Model Evaluation and Advancement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, a DOE national scientific user facility, has recently enhanced its observational capabilities at its fixed and mobile sites as well as its aerial facility. New capabilities include scanning radars, several types of lidars, an array of aerosol instruments, and in situ cloud probes. All ARM sites have been equipped with dual frequency scanning cloud radars that will provide three-dimensional observations of cloud fields for analysis of cloud field evolution. Sites in Oklahoma, Alaska, and Papua New Guinea have also received scanning centimeter wavelength radars for observing precipitation fields. This combination of radars will provide the means to study the interaction of clouds and precipitation. New lidars include a Raman lidar in Darwin, Australia and High Spectral Resolution Lidars in Barrow and with the second ARM Mobile Facility. Each of these lidars will provide profiles of aerosol extinction while the Raman will also measure profiles of water vapor. Scanning Doppler Lidars have been added to our Southern Great Plains, Darwin, and our first Mobile Facility. ARM has also expanded its capabilities in the realm of aerosol observations. ARM is adding Aerosol Observing Systems to its sites in Darwin and the second mobile facility. These aerosol systems principally provided measurements of aerosol optical properties. Additionally, a new Mobile Aerosol Observing System has been developed that includes a variety of instruments to provide information about aerosol chemistry and size distributions. Many of these aerosol instruments are also available for the ARM Aerial Facility. The Aerial Facility also now includes a variety of cloud probes for measuring size distribution and water content. Building on these new capabilities, ARM is adding two new research sites based on our expanded observational strategy and multidimensional measurements. A permanent research site will be added in the Azores and a third Mobile Facility will be deployed at Oliktok Point, Alaska. The new array of ARM instruments and sites are intended to build upon the existing ARM capabilities to better study the interactions among aerosol, clouds, and precipitation. Data from these instruments are now available and the development of advanced data products is underway.

Voyles, J.; Mather, J. H.

2012-12-01

467

Researches on integrated evaluation methods for military aircraft's MTTR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exerting combat efficiency of military aircraft relies heavily on its own quality characteristics, such as reliability, maintainability and supportability. Reducing aircraft's Mean Time To Repair (MTTR) is one of the significant targets for the maintenance of military aircraft to concern. However, scientifically evaluating MTTR still faces many problems. This paper mainly aims at the problems that acquiring data, which is

Kun Jiang; Jinfeng Lv; Chuan Lv; Meihui Wang

2011-01-01

468

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Whole genome evaluation of horizontal transfers  

E-print Network

, but in contrast to prokaryote genomes, no whole genome evaluation of HTs has been carried out. This is mainly due detected was smaller than the average amount detected in the same conditions in prokaryote genomes (3.1% vs far greater than in prokaryote genomes. When analyzing the origin of these HTs by comparing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

469

Research on Training Quality Evaluation of Enterprise Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the competition between enterprises human resource becomes a key to that enterprises acquire the competition advantages and employee training grows into the strategic requirement of enterprise development with playing important roles gradually. In view of the existing fuzziness and randomness in the training effect comprehensive evaluation, an index system, which comprises the first class indices such as training condition,

Li Jin-ying; Dong Xue-chen

2009-01-01

470

SER 2, ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATIONS. SER, SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS RESEARCH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE ALREADY EXISTS AND IS EVALUATED HERE IN THE SECOND OF A SERIES OF REPORTS INTENDED TO BE VALUABLE TO ANYONE INTERESTED IN HOW ENVIRONMENT AFFECTS LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR. MAN IS A NONSTATIONARY OPEN SYSTEM UNDERGOING CONTINUOUS INTERCHANGE WITH HIS ENVIRONMENT. THIS INTERACTION, AND THE SEVERAL ASPECTS OF HIS…

CARSON, DANIEL H.; AND OTHERS

471

Research Article Evaluation of Cytotoxic Effects of Different Concentrations of  

E-print Network

and therapy applications. Wang et al. [24] evaluated the use of gold nanoshells for real-time detection properties compared to their constituent bulk materials. These include quantum confinement in semiconductor. Such unique properties allow the use of nanoparticles in a wide variety of applications. Nanoparticles

Chiao, Jung-Chih

472

2013-14 Administrative / Athletics / Research Faculty Performance Evaluation Instructions  

E-print Network

appropriate to specific jobs should have been created by the evaluator when the performance plan standards and can be seen easily by others ­ makes significant contributions well beyond base job responsibilities. Exceeds Expectations ­ Performance that clearly and consistently is above expectations in major job

473

Evaluation of Eco Schools Scotland. SCRE Research Report No. 124  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 2005, Keep Scotland Beautiful commissioned the SCRE Centre at the University of Glasgow to undertake an evaluation of the Eco Schools Programme in Scotland. Eco Schools is a programme for environmental management, certification and sustainable development education. It is an international programme that was developed in 1994 in response…

Pirrie, Anne; Elliot, Dely; McConnell, Fraser; Wilkinson, J. Eric

2006-01-01

474

Evaluating consumer informatics: learning from health campaign research.  

PubMed

This paper suggests that some conceptual models used in health communication campaigns as well as the "uses and gratifications" approach might be successfully integrated into the evaluation of consumer informatics. These models and tools are especially pertinent when the desired outcomes of media health interventions are therapeutic changes in public knowledge, motivations, attitudes and patient behavior PMID:15360992

Logan, Robert A

2004-01-01

475

Connecting Practitioners and Researchers: An Evaluation of NCSALL's Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network. Report Summary. NCSALL Reports #22a  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NCSALL's (National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy's) Practitioner Dissemination and Research Network (PDRN) set out to create and support systematic partnerships between practitioners and university researchers to better connect research and practice, with the ultimate outcome of improved practice, policy, and services for…

Smith, Cristine; Bingman, Mary Beth; Hofer, Judy; Medina, Patsy

2002-01-01

476

76 FR 44593 - Identifying the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's Science and Research Needs...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...CDER's Science and Research Needs.'' This...identify regulatory science needs that, if...challenges underlying medical product development...additional regulatory science efforts. More recently...strategic science and research agenda. To begin...and prioritized topics from their...

2011-07-26

477

The World Wide Web as a public relations medium: the use of research, planning, and evaluation in web site development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web is viewed as a desirable medium for public relations by many organizations. Given the evolving nature of the Web and the mixed findings about commercial successes of Web sites, little is known about the managerial aspects of Web site research, planning, and evaluation. This study found that, in many cases, Web site planning is done by

Candace White; Niranjan Raman

1999-01-01

478

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 12.99.99.A1.02 Resident Director Performance Evaluation Page 1 of 5 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures  

E-print Network

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 12.99.99.A1.02 Resident Director Performance Evaluation Page 1 of 5 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures 12.99.99.A1.02 RESIDENT DIRECTOR PERFORMANCE EVALUATION Resident Director Performance Evaluations. PROCEDURES 1.00 RESIDENT DIRECTOR EVALUATION PROCEDURES

479

Evaluating Children's Use of Symbol in Some Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a number of examples of what appeared to be recurring symbolic expressions of spirituality found in my recent research into the spiritual experiences of children in Victorian State primary schools. These expressions appeared in drawings and in conversation. In this paper I use hermeneutic phenomenology and a multidisciplinary…

Moriarty, M. Wyn

2009-01-01

480

An Evaluation of Research Students' Writing Support Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Achieving quality standards in postgraduate education, particularly among Higher Degree by Research (HDR) students, can be challenging. In addition to the diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of these students, thesis writing frequently involves the development of new skills associated with the comprehension of a large volume of…

O'Mahony, Barry; Verezub, Elena; Dalrymple, John; Bertone, Santina

2013-01-01

481

Using Social Network Analysis to Evaluate Research Productivity and Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research productivity and collaborations are essential aspects of advancing academia. Publishing is a critical mechanism in higher education to allow faculty members to share new information in all disciplinary fields. Due to its importance, scholarly work is often heavily considered for promotion, tenure, compensation, and other merit decisions.…

Royal, Kenneth D.; Akers, Kathryn S.; Lybarger, Melanie A.; Zakrajsek, Todd D.

2014-01-01

482

Monoculture on the Intellectual Landscape: Research Performance Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The metaphor of "monoculture on the intellectual landscape" is used to analyse the effects of large-scale research management regimes. The metaphor of "monoculture on the intellectual landscape", derived from Shiva's "monocultures of the mind", is developed and illustrated with respect to gender and ethnicity. The paper then discusses the…

Ruth, Damian

2010-01-01

483

Turning Research and Evaluation into Results for ISPI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the value of the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI), based on the results of a survey of current, former, and prospective members. Highlights include ISPI's mission related to systemic and reproducible results; translating research results into practical advice; HPT (human performance technology); and how the ISPI…

Clark, Richard E.

2003-01-01

484

Evaluating Multidisciplinary Child Abuse and Neglect Teams: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of child welfare research literature reveals that although multidisciplinary teams are increasingly used to investigate and intervene in child abuse and neglect cases, the field does not know enough about their structural variations, implementation processes, or effectiveness. Moreover, although articles advocating multidisciplinary teams…

Lalayants, Marina; Epstein, Irwin

2005-01-01

485

An Integrated Model for Counseling Research, Education and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research and development model--the Counselor Repertoire Development (CRD) System--in counselor education is proposed which would provide systematic procedures for providing trainees with a variety of empirically validated, appropriately sequenced learning experiences for the achievement of operationally defined performance objectives. The model…

Pepyne, Edward W.

486

An evaluation of human factors research for ultrasonic inservice inspection  

SciTech Connect

This work was undertaken to determine if human factors research has yielded information applicable to upgrading requirements in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, improving methods and techniques in Section V, and/or suggesting relevant research. A preference was established for information and recommendations which have become accepted and standard practice. Manual Ultrasonic Testing/Inservice Inspection (UT/ISI) is a complex task subject to influence by dozens of variables. This review frequently revealed equivocal findings regarding effects of environmental variables as well as repeated indications that inspection performance may be more, and more reliably, influenced by the workers` social environment, including managerial practices, than by other situational variables. Also of significance are each inspector`s relevant knowledge, skills, and abilities, and determination of these is seen as a necessary first step in upgrading requirements, methods, and techniques as well as in focusing research in support of such programs, While understanding the effects and mediating mechanisms of the variables impacting inspection performance is a worthwhile pursuit for researchers, initial improvements in industrial UTASI performance may be achieved by implementing practices already known to mitigate the effects of potentially adverse conditions. 52 refs., 2 tabs.

Pond, D.J.; Donohoo, D.T.; Harris, R.V. Jr.

1998-03-01

487

Models of nursing student employment: an Australian action research study.  

PubMed

Over the last few years, Australian interest in the part time employment status of nursing students has increased. International models of paid employment, that target undergraduate students to work in a specific student nurse capacity, have attracted interest. The aim of this action research study was to consider nursing student employment models and develop recommendations that could be used to guide future policy and planning. An expert group was convened and used the cyclic process of planning, action, observation, evaluation and reflection to explore the issue. Through the process, the benefits and pitfalls of innovative, employment models were explored and resulted in consideration of whether there is potential for these models to provide a small push of the pendulum to a point where theory and practice are more closely aligned. PMID:21920642

Kenny, Amanda; Nankervis, Katrina; Kidd, Tracy; Connell, Sarah

2012-07-01

488

Research Review: Quantitative Magazine Studies, 1983-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines quantitative magazine research studies published in various journals during the period 1983-1993. Questions the heavy reliance on content analysis techniques to study the role of magazines in American society. Calls for a redirection in magazine research, combining media content studies with media effects studies. (SR)

Popovich, Mark N.

1994-01-01

489

Tracking the impact of research on policy and practice: investigating the feasibility of using citations in clinical guidelines for research evaluation  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate the feasibility of using research papers cited in clinical guidelines as a way to track the impact of particular funding streams or sources. Setting In recent years, medical research funders have made efforts to enhance the understanding of the impact of their funded research and to provide evidence of the ‘value’ of investments in particular areas of research. One of the most challenging areas of research evaluation is around impact on policy and practice. In the UK, the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) provide clinical guidelines, which bring together current high-quality evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of clinical problems. Research referenced in these guidelines is an indication of its potential to have real impact on health policy and practice. Design This study is based on analysis of the authorship and funding attribution of research cited in two NICE clinical guidelines: dementia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Results Analysis identified that around a third of papers cited in the two NICE guidelines had at least one author based in the UK. In both cases, about half of these UK attributed papers contained acknowledgements which allowed the source of funding for the research to be identified. The research cited in these guidelines was found to have been supported by a diverse set of funders from different sectors. The study also investigated the contribution of research groups based in universities, industry and the public sector. Conclusions The study found that there is great potential for guidelines to be used as sources of information on the quality of the research used in their development and that it is possible to track the source of the funding of the research. The challenge is in harnessing the relevant information to track this in an efficient way. PMID:22466037

Kryl, David; Allen, Liz; Dolby, Kevin; Viney, Ian

2012-01-01

490

Evaluating Research in Career and Technical Education Using Scientifically-Based Research Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent emphasis on scientifically-based research (SBR) as the government's favored research paradigm has direct implications for career and technical education (CTE). From a practical standpoint, federal funds will now be appropriated exclusively on scholars' readiness and ability to engage the "right" research questions. While the government…

Gemici, Sinan; Rojewski, Jay W.

2007-01-01

491

Diagnosing autism in neurobiological research studies  

PubMed Central

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is by definition a complex and heterogeneous disorder. Variation in factors such as developmental level, language ability and IQ further complicate the presentation of symptoms. Clinical research and basic science must continue to inform each other’s questions to help address the heterogeneity inherent to the disorder. This review uses a clinical perspective to outline the common tools and best practices for diagnosing and characterizing ASD in a research setting. We discuss considerations for classifying research populations, including language ability and IQ and examine the advantages and disadvantages of different psychometric measurements. Ultimately, the contribution of multiple sources of data representing different perspectives is crucial for interpreting and understanding the ASD phenotype. PMID:23153932

Jones, Rebecca M.; Lord, Catherine

2012-01-01

492

Transversal Traits in Science Education Research Relevant for Teaching and Research: A Meta-Interpretative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a meta-interpretative analysis that focuses on research conducted and published by other researchers. Concepts central to this study include global practical relevance, curriculum design, and formative situation. We analyzed 35 studies selected from 374 published studies in the years 2000 and 2001 in three journals referenced in the…

Lopes, J. Bernardino; Silva, Antonio Alberto; Cravino, Jose P.; Costa, Nilza; Marques, Luis; Campos, Carlos

2008-01-01

493

Assessing the Evaluability of Complex Public Health Interventions: Five Questions for Researchers, Funders, and Policymakers  

PubMed Central

Context: Evidence to support government programs to improve public health often is weak. Recognition of this “knowledge gap” has led to calls for more and better evaluation, but decisions about priorities for evaluation also need to be addressed in regard to financial restraint. Methods: Using England's Healthy Community Challenge Fund as a case study, this article presents a set of questions to stimulate and structure debate among researchers, funders, and policymakers and help make decisions about evaluation within and between complex public health interventions as they evolve from initial concept to dissemination of full-scale intervention packages. Findings: This approach can be used to identify the types of knowledge that might be generated from any evaluation, given the strength of evidence available in response to each of five questions, and to support a more systematic consideration of resource allocation decisions, depending on the types of knowledge required. Conclusions: The principles of this approach may be generalizable, and should be tested and refined for other complex public health and wider social interventions. PMID:21676021

Ogilvie, David; Cummins, Steven; Petticrew, Mark; White, Martin; Jones, Andy; Wheeler, Kathryn

2011-01-01

494

AN EVALUATION STUDY OF EPA METHOD 8  

EPA Science Inventory

Techniques used in EPA Method 8, the source test method for acid mist and sulfur dioxide emissions from sulfuric acid plants, have been evaluated. Evidence is shown that trace amounts of peroxides in isopropyl alcohol result in the conversion of sulfur dioxide to sulfate and caus...

495

ASBESTOS IN DRINKING WATER PERFORMANCE EVALUATION STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Performance evaluations of laboratories testing for asbestos in drinking water according to USEPA Test Method 100.1 or 100.2 are complicated by the difficulty of providing stable sample dispersions of asbestos in water. Reference samples of a graduated series of chrysotile asbest...

496

ASBESTOS IN DRINKING WATER PERFORMANCE EVALUATION STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Performance evaluations of laboratories testing for asbestos in drinking water according to USEPA Test Method 100.1 or 100.2 are complicated by the difficulty of providing stable sample dispersions of asbestos in water. Reference samples of a graduated series of chrysotile asbes...

497

The formalization of case study research in international business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative case study research has frequently been criticised for being less systematic and objective than other approaches.\\u000a Ambiguity in the way case studies are selected, empirically conducted and analysed, often exists and can hinder the positive\\u000a dissemination of research. This paper aims to outline how case study research can be undertaken using the example of the authors'\\u000a current case study

Pervez N. Ghauri; Rebecca Firth

2009-01-01

498

Participatory studies for agro-ecosystem evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participatory research has emerged as a powerful tool to identify agro-ecosystem indicators in developing countries. Indigenous knowledge, thus generated complements scientific information to the benefit of all stakeholders. This paper demonstrates the value of participating with farmers and hunters to identify indicators at a local level and how these supplement scientific information. Three examples are provided to demonstrate different degrees

H. C Goma; K Rahim; G Nangendo; J Riley; A Stein

2001-01-01

499

[Research about re-evaluation of screening of traditonal Chinese medicine symptoms item of post-marketing medicine Xuezhikang].  

PubMed

The purpose of post-marketing Chinese medicine re-evaluation is to identify Chinese medicine clinical indications, while designing scientific and rational of Chinese medicine symptoms items are important to the result of symptoms re-evaluation. This study give screening of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) symptoms item of post-marketing medicine Xuezhikang re-evaluation as example that reference to principle dyslipidemia clinical research, academic dissertations, Xuezhikang directions, clinical expert practice experience etc. while standardization those symptom names and screening 41 dyslipidemia common symptoms. Furthermore, this paper discuss about the accoerdance and announcements when screening symptoms item, so as to providing a research thread to manufacture PRO chart for post-marketing medicine re-evaluation. PMID:22292395

He, Wei; Xie, Yanming; Wang, Yongyan

2011-10-01

500

Using Abductive Research Logic: "The Logic of Discovery", to Construct a Rigorous Explanation of Amorphous Evaluation Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Two kinds of research logic prevail in scientific research: deductive research logic and inductive research logic. However, both fail in the field of evaluation, especially evaluation conducted in unfamiliar environments. Purpose: In this article I wish to suggest the application of a research logic--"abduction"--"the logic of…

Levin-Rozalis, Miri

2010-01-01