These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate application of a new framework, the validation framework (VF), to assist researchers in evaluating mixed research studies. Based on an earlier work by Dellinger and Leech, a description of the VF is delineated. Using the VF, three studies from education, health care, and counseling fields are…

Leech, Nancy L.; Dellinger, Amy B.; Brannagan, Kim B.; Tanaka, Hideyuki

2010-01-01

2

Ensuring Data Quality in Extension Research and Evaluation Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a checklist as a guide for Extension professionals to use in research and evaluation studies they carry out. A total of 40 statements grouped under eight data quality components--relevance, objectivity, validity, reliability, integrity, generalizability, completeness, and utility--are identified to ensure that research

Radhakrishna, Rama; Tobin, Daniel; Brennan, Mark; Thomson, Joan

2012-01-01

3

Frameworks for evaluating health research capacity strengthening: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Health research capacity strengthening (RCS) projects are often complex and hard to evaluate. In order to inform health RCS evaluation efforts, we aimed to describe and compare key characteristics of existing health RCS evaluation frameworks: their process of development, purpose, target users, structure, content and coverage of important evaluation issues. A secondary objective was to explore what use had been made of the ESSENCE framework, which attempts to address one such issue: harmonising the evaluation requirements of different funders. Methods We identified and analysed health RCS evaluation frameworks published by seven funding agencies between 2004 and 2012, using a mixed methods approach involving structured qualitative analyses of documents, a stakeholder survey and consultations with key contacts in health RCS funding agencies. Results The frameworks were intended for use predominantly by the organisations themselves, and most were oriented primarily towards funders’ internal organisational performance requirements. The frameworks made limited reference to theories that specifically concern RCS. Generic devices, such as logical frameworks, were typically used to document activities, outputs and outcomes, but with little emphasis on exploring underlying assumptions or contextual constraints. Usage of the ESSENCE framework appeared limited. Conclusions We believe that there is scope for improving frameworks through the incorporation of more accessible information about how to do evaluation in practice; greater involvement of stakeholders, following evaluation capacity building principles; greater emphasis on explaining underlying rationales of frameworks; and structuring frameworks so that they separate generic and project-specific aspects of health RCS evaluation. The third and fourth of these improvements might assist harmonisation. PMID:24330628

2013-01-01

4

Iowa's Research Activities Tax Credits Program Evaluation Study  

E-print Network

, Mike Ralston of the Iowa Association of Business and Industry, Elliot Smith of the Iowa Business.................................................................... 16 III. Research Expenditures and the Economy...................................................................... 21 C. Business RAC Claims by Size and Industry

Lin, Zhiqun

5

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by running the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people.…

Taylor, Brian; Wylie, Emma; Dempster, Martin; Donnelly, Michael

2007-01-01

6

Parametric study to evaluate benefits of fracture fluid quality control and in-situ stress research  

E-print Network

PARAMETRIC STUDY TO EVALUATE BENEFITS OF FRACTURE FLUID QUALITY CONTROL AND IN-SITU STRESS RESEARCH A Thesis by JEERADETE SATAYAPUNT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering PARAlVKTRIC STUDY TO EVALUATE BENEFITS OF FRACTURE FLUID QUALITY CONTROL AND IN-SITU STRESS RESEARCH A Thesis by IEERADETE SATAYAPUNT Approved...

Satayapunt, Jeeradete

2012-06-07

7

Issues in Research on Evaluation: Improving the Study of Transition Programs for Adolescents with Handicaps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report, which is part of a series, contains seven papers concerned with long range improvement of evaluation of transitional programs serving handicapped youth and young adults. Papers have the following titles, authors, and concerns: "Needed Research on Evaluation: Improving the Study of Transition Programs for Adolescents with Handicaps" by…

Stake, Robert E.

8

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre feasibility study. Volume 4. Financial evaluation. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume IV summarizes the financial evaluation of MSRC. It presents the methods, cost data, and revenue assumptions used for study of a range of proposed center sizes and discusses the resulting financial performance. Specific recommendations are made for financing approaches, and the expectations of return on investment are developed as a function of MSRC size, revenues from sale of computing services, government funding level, and sensitivity to inflation, financing interest rates, equipment cost variation, and amount of equity funding.

Not Available

1992-05-01

9

UCLA's Center for the Study of Evaluation & The National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards and Student Testing EVALUATION COMMENT  

E-print Network

of Iowa, this paper confronts the pressing issues surrounding the validity of performance-based assessments. The authors boldly answer critical questions concerning the technical validity of performance-based measures and suggest a new set of validity criteria for future authentic assessments. As always, we welcome your comments and opinions and will attempt to print responses in our summer EC issue. An extensive new listing of our CSE/CRESST technical reports may be found starting on page 10. I encourage you to order any reports, monographs or papers applicable to your needs by calling Kim Hurst at (310) 206-1532 or by using the enclosed order form. If you have recently moved, please send us a change of ad-T his issue marks the return of Evaluation Comment (EC) in a new format and with a new semiannual publication schedule. Continuing to focus on the immediate technical concerns involving testing, evaluation, and standards—EC will feature a single major assessment paper or topic in each issue, documenting research that is critically necessary to the reform of education throughout the United States. EC supplements our recently launched quarterly CRESST Line newsletter, a publication oriented to assessment news, events, and projects. Both publications contain meaningful summaries of current technical studies completed by the National Center for

Authored Robert; L. Linn; Eva L. Baker; Cresst Co-directors; Stephen B. Dunbar

10

Evaluation research in occupational health services: general principles and a systematic review of empirical studies  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To study the nature and extent of evaluation research in occupational health services (OHSs). METHODS: Literature review of evaluation research in OHSs. On the basis of a conceptual model of OHS evaluation, empirical studies are categorised into aspects of input, process, output, outcome, and OHS core activities. RESULTS: Many methods to evaluate OHSs or OHS activities exist, depending on the objective and object of evaluation. The amount of empirical studies on evaluation of OHSs or OHS activities that met the non-restrictive inclusion criteria, was remarkably limited. Most of the 52 studies were more descriptive than evaluative. The methodological quality of most studies was not high. A differentiated picture of the evidence of effectiveness of OHSs arises. Occupational health consultations and occupational rehabilitation are hardly studied despite much time spent on the consultation by occupational physicians in most countries. The lack of effectiveness and efficiency of the pre-employment examination should lead to its abandonment as a means of selection of personnel by OHSs. Periodic health monitoring or surveillance, and education on occupational health hazards can be carried out with reasonable process quality. Identification and evaluation of occupational health hazards by a workplace survey can be done with a high output quality, which, however, does not guarantee a favourable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Although rigorous study designs are not always applicable or feasible in daily practice, much more effort should be directed at the scientific evaluation of OHSs and OHS instruments. To develop evidence-based occupational health care the quality of evaluation studies should be improved. In particular, process and outcome of consultation and rehabilitation activities of occupational physicians need to be studied more.   PMID:10474531

Hulshof, C. T.; Verbeek, J. H.; van Dijk, F. J.; van der Weide, W. E.; Braam, I. T.

1999-01-01

11

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre feasibility study. Volume 3. Technical evaluation and implementation plan. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume III discusses current technology and selects those features considered best for MSRC. It develops preliminary technical specifications needed for equipment selection, staffing and training, building construction, and national wide-area network implementation. It then develops a comprehensive multiyear implementation plan, which begins with the project financial and organizational activities and proceeds through construction, equipment acquisition, and steady-state operation.

Not Available

1992-05-01

12

Evaluation of Evaluation Studies Using Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Work Literature (1990-2003): Evidence that Constitutes a Wake-Up Call  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the quality of evaluation studies using qualitative research methods in the social work literature in terms of a number of criteria commonly adopted in the field of qualitative research. Method: Using qualitative and evaluation as search terms, relevant qualitative evaluation studies from 1990 to 2003 indexed by…

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Tang, Vera M. Y.; Han, X. Y.

2005-01-01

13

Study designs and evaluation models for emergency department public health research.  

PubMed

Abstract Public health research requires sound design and thoughtful consideration of potential biases that may influence the validity of results. It also requires careful implementation of protocols and procedures that are likely to translate from the research environment to actual clinical practice. This article is the product of a breakout session from the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference entitled "Public Health in the ED: Screening, Surveillance, and Intervention" and serves to describe in detail aspects of performing emergency department (ED)-based public health research, while serving as a resource for current and future researchers. In doing so, the authors describe methodologic features of study design, participant selection and retention, and measurements and analyses pertinent to public health research. In addition, a number of recommendations related to research methods and future investigations related to public health work in the ED are provided. Public health investigators are poised to make substantial contributions to this important area of research, but this will only be accomplished by employing sound research methodology in the context of rigorous program evaluation. PMID:20053232

Broderick, Kerry B; Ranney, Megan L; Vaca, Federico E; D'Onofrio, Gail; Rothman, Richard E; Rhodes, Karin V; Becker, Bruce; Haukoos, Jason S

2009-11-01

14

Girls Study Girls Inc.: Engaging Girls in Evaluation Through Participatory Action Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 2004 and 2007, Girls Incorporated® conducted research about the experience of five affiliates from different parts of the United States as they engaged with\\u000a girls in Girls Study Girls Inc., a participatory evaluation project that explored the meaning and impact of Girls Inc. environments\\u000a and uncovered ways such environments can be improved. We describe the context and motivation for

PeiYao ChenFaedra; Faedra Lazar Weiss; Heather Johnston Nicholson

2010-01-01

15

Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Action Research about my 2nd grade classroom in the Buffalo School District. I examined three areas of interest and tried to find some conclusions related to behavior management. Purpose: The purpose of this study is how will implementing procedures, rules, and consequences help improve student behavior. Research Design: Descriptive;…

Glick, Ashley

2010-01-01

16

Variability of Judgments of Capacity: Experience of Capacity Evaluators in a Study of Research Consent Capacity  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Assessment of decision-making capacity is a common and important function of psychiatric consultants. However, the sources of variability in evaluators’ judgments have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE To examine the degree and potential sources of variability in the categorical capacity judgments of experienced psychiatrists. METHOD The setting was a study comparing the decision-making capacities of 188 persons with Alzheimer’s disease to appoint a research proxy and to consent to two hypothetical randomized controlled trials for dementia (a new drug RCT and a neurosurgical RCT). We compared 5 experienced consultation psychiatrists’ capacity judgments for 555 videotaped capacity interviews. Both quantitative and qualitative data were used. RESULTS Pairwise kappa statistics ranged from slight agreement (0.17) to substantial agreement (0.64) with group kappa statistics ranging from fair to moderate agreement (0.40 to 0.45) for the psychiatrists’ judgments regarding the three capacities. The sources of variability included varying “strictness” among judges, moderate test-retest reliability within judges, the relative novelty of assessing decision-making capacity for research participation decisions, as well as the limitations of the methods used to obtain capacity judgments in the study. DISCUSSION There is considerable variability in capacity judgments of experienced consultation psychiatrists regarding the capacities to appoint a research proxy and to consent to research. The potential sources of variability identified in this study may provide starting points for more effective training in capacity assessment. PMID:21777717

Kim, Scott Y. H.; Appelbaum, Paul S.; Kim, H. Myra; Wall, Ian F.; Bourgeois, James A.; Frankel, Bernard; Hails, Kevin C.; Rundell, James R.; Seibel, Kathleen M.; Karlawish, Jason H.

2011-01-01

17

76 FR 19189 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...and similar documents and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2011-04-06

18

78 FR 53015 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...similar documents, and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2013-08-27

19

78 FR 70102 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies; Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...similar documents, and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2013-11-22

20

78 FR 41198 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...similar documents, and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2013-07-09

21

77 FR 72438 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...similar documents, and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2012-12-05

22

75 FR 79446 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...and similar documents and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2010-12-20

23

75 FR 28686 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service; Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...and similar documents and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2010-05-21

24

77 FR 31072 - Clinical Science Research and Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development Service Cooperative Studies Scientific Evaluation Committee...of personnel conducting the studies, staff and consultant critiques...and similar documents and the medical records of patients who are study subjects, the disclosure...

2012-05-24

25

Evaluating performance feedback: a research study into issues of credibility and utility for nursing clinicians.  

PubMed

Performance feedback is information provided to employees about how well they are performing in their work role. The nursing profession has a long history of providing formal, written performance reviews, traditionally from a manager to subordinate, with less formal feedback sources including peers, clients and multidisciplinary team members. This paper is based on one aspect of a PhD research study exploring the dynamics of performance feedback primarily from the nursing clinicians' perspective. The research reported here discusses the impact of the social relationship (between the source and recipient of performance feedback) on the recipient's evaluation of feedback as being 'credible' and 'useful' for self-assessment. Focus group interviews were utilised to ascertain the nursing clinicians' perspectives of performance feedback. Thematic analysis of the data was informed by the Social Phenomenology of Alfred Schutz (1967) specifically his theories of intersubjective understanding. Findings supported the level of familiarity between the feedback source and the nursing clinician as a significant criterion influencing the acceptance or rejection of feedback. Implications for the selection of performance feedback sources and processes within nursing are discussed. PMID:17929745

Fereday, Jennifer; Muir-Cochrane, Eimear

2004-01-01

26

Going beyond journal classification for evaluation of research outputs : A case study of global astronomy and astrophysics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Seeks to characterise world astronomy research during the last decade by an analysis of papers in the Science Citation Index identified with a special filter and to study Indian output in order to identify the leading institutions and authors. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Lists of specialist journals and title words of papers were selected to create a filter giving high

Aparna Basu; Grant Lewison

2005-01-01

27

Evaluating Principals. Research Roundup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five recent studies included in this annotated bibliography highlight the diverse facets of an effective principal evaluation system. A technical report by Jerry W. Valentine and Michael L. Bowman includes a clinical instrument for assessing teachers' perception of principals' effectiveness. In a second report, Daniel L. Duke and Richard J.…

Andrews, Carl

1990-01-01

28

Comparative studies of the model evaluation criterions mmre and pred in software cost estimation research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software cost model research results depend on model accuracy criteria such as MMRE and PRED. Despite criticism, MMRE has emerged as the de facto standard criterion. Many alternatives have been proposed and studied, surprisingly however PRED, the second most popular criterion, has not been extensively studied. This work attempts to fill this gap in the literature and expand the understanding

Dan Port; Marcel Korte

2008-01-01

29

Evaluation of the IEP Costing Procedures: A Pilot Study by Six Major Research Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Information Exchange Procedures (IEP) cost study project of the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems is described and its applicability to six major research universities (MRU) is assessed in this pilot study. The IEP enables peer institutions to compare information about their resources, activities, and educational…

Topping, Jim

30

MRM Evaluation Research Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is an interim report on the current output of the MRM evaluation research program. During 1998 this research program has used new and existing data to create an important tool for the development and improvement of "maintenance resource management" (MRM). Thousands of surveys completed by participants in airline MRM training and/or behavior change programs have, for the first time, been consolidated into a panel of "MRM Attitudes and Opinion Profiles." These profiles can be used to compare the attitudes about decision making and communication in any given company at any stage in its MRM program with attitudes of a large sample of like employees during a similar period in their MRM involvement. This panel of comparison profiles for attitudes and opinions is a tool to help audit the effectiveness of a maintenance human factors program. The profile panel is the first of several tools envisioned for applying the information accumulating in MRM databases produced as one of the program's long range objectives.

Taylor, James C.

1998-01-01

31

Using the Internet for Speech Research: An Evaluative Study Examining Affect in Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet has rarely been used in auditory perception studies due to concerns about standardisation and calibration across different systems and settings. However, not all auditory research is based on the investigation of fine-grained differences in auditory thresholds. Where meaningful "real-world" listening, for instance the perception of…

Knoll, Monja A.; Uther, Maria; Costall, Alan

2011-01-01

32

Class Size Reduction in a Large Urban School District: A Mixed Methodology Evaluation Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the Class Size Reduction (CSR) program in 34 elementary schools in Kentucky's Jefferson County Public Schools. The CSR program is a federal initiative to help elementary schools improve student learning by hiring additional teachers. Qualitative data were collected using unstructured interviews, site observations, and document…

Munoz, Marco A.

33

A Participatory Action Research Pilot Study of Urban Health Disparities Using Rapid Assessment Response and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Healthy People 2010 made it a priority to eliminate health disparities. We used a rapid assessment response and evaluation (RARE) to launch a program of participatory action research focused on health disparities in an urban, disadvantaged Black community serviced by a major south Florida health center. We formed partnerships with community members, identified local health disparities, and guided interventions targeting health disparities. We describe the RARE structure used to triangulate data sources and guide intervention plans as well as findings and conclusions drawn from scientific literature and epidemiological, historic, planning, clinical, and ethnographic data. Disenfranchisement and socioeconomic deprivation emerged as the principal determinants of local health disparities and the most appropriate targets for intervention. PMID:18048802

Brown, David Richard; Hernandez, Agueda; Saint-Jean, Gilbert; Evans, Sian; Tafari, Ida; Brewster, Luther G.; Celestin, Michel J.; Gomez-Estefan, Carlos; Regalado, Fernando; Akal, Siri; Nierenberg, Barry; Kauschinger, Elaine D.; Schwartz, Robert; Page, J. Bryan

2008-01-01

34

Highly cited research papers and the evaluation of a research university: A case study: Peking University 1974-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

The academic level and scientific reputation is the most important merit of a research university. Publication of the scientific\\u000a achievement in the world leading scientific journals is the key to asses a university's overall performance. Peking University\\u000a is a leading university among the Chinese research universities, and the number of papers published in Science Citation Index (SCI) indexed journals has

Xing Zhu; Qi Wu; Yingzi Zheng; Xin Ma

2004-01-01

35

The Neighborhood Voice: evaluating a mobile research vehicle for recruiting African Americans to participate in cancer control studies.  

PubMed

The Neighborhood Voice is a vehicle customized for conducting health research in community settings. It brings research studies into neighborhoods affected most by health disparities and reaches groups often underrepresented in research samples. This paper reports on the experience and satisfaction of 599 African American women who participated in research on board the Neighborhood Voice. Using bivariate, psychometric, and logistic regression analyses, we examined responses to a brief post-research survey. Most women (71%) reported that they had never previously participated in research, and two-thirds (68%) rated their Neighborhood Voice experience as excellent. Satisfaction scores were highest among first-time research participants (p < .05). Women's ratings of the Neighborhood Voice on Comfort (OR = 4.9; 95% CI = 3.0, 7.9) and Convenience (OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.2, 2.9) significantly predicted having an excellent experience. Mobile research facilities may increase participation among disadvantaged and minority populations. Our brief survey instrument is a model for evaluating such outreach. PMID:21411475

Alcaraz, Kassandra I; Weaver, Nancy L; Andresen, Elena M; Christopher, Kara; Kreuter, Matthew W

2011-09-01

36

Pre-exposure prophylaxis accessibility research and evaluation (PrEPARE Study).  

PubMed

Tenofovir-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) has demonstrated effectiveness as HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but it is not commonly prescribed. Our study was designed to determine the barriers preventing utilization of PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM), the group at greatest risk for HIV infection in the United States. A population-based sample of MSM presenting for HIV testing at 'Early Test' HIV testing and counseling sites in San Diego, California were offered PrEP and education about potential efficacy. Eligible individuals reported having unprotected sex within the past 12 months and who tested negative for HIV were offered study participation. Despite offering procedures for evaluation and prescription for PrEP to 416 eligible subjects, less than 0.5 % of participants received the drug. Surveys collected from 54 of those who declined study participation revealed multiple barriers to PrEP among MSM including cost, low perceived risk of infection and concerns about taking a daily medication and potential long-term side effects. Efforts should be made to address these barriers, especially lowering the cost of TDF-FTC, education about PrEP side effects and awareness of HIV risks. PMID:25017425

King, Helen L; Keller, Samuel B; Giancola, Michael A; Rodriguez, David A; Chau, Jasmine J; Young, Jason A; Little, Susan J; Smith, Davey M

2014-09-01

37

Evaluation report 2006 Evaluation of Research on  

E-print Network

In Sweden, the government intends to increase the extent of organic farming, i.e. agriculture that does, 2001 and 2004. The quality of Swedish research within organic farming has not been properly evaluated on organic farming, i.e. Swedish Farmers' Foundation for Agri- cultural Research (SLF) and the Swedish Board

38

Evaluation Research, Policy, and Politics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of politics in the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program's effort to use evaluation research data to inform Florida's juvenile justice education policies and practices. Two examples illustrate that by maintaining an overriding commitment to its evaluation research purpose, the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement…

Blomberg, Thomas G.; Waldo, Gordon P.

2002-01-01

39

Alternative Evaluation Research Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one of a continuing series initiated to provide materials for teachers, parents, school administrators, and governmental decision-makers that might encourage reexamination of a range of evaluation issues and perspectives about schools and schooling. This monograph is a description and analysis of two contrasting paradigms: one…

Patton, Michael Quinn

40

Talk, trust and time: a longitudinal study evaluating knowledge translation and exchange processes for research on violence against women  

PubMed Central

Background Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem. Translation of VAW research to policy and practice is an area that remains understudied, but provides the opportunity to examine knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) processes in a complex, multi-stakeholder context. In a series of studies including two randomized trials, the McMaster University VAW Research Program studied one key research gap: evidence about the effectiveness of screening women for exposure to intimate partner violence. This project developed and evaluated KTE strategies to share research findings with policymakers, health and community service providers, and women's advocates. Methods A longitudinal cross-sectional design, applying concurrent mixed data collection methods (surveys, interviews, and focus groups), was used to evaluate the utility of specific KTE strategies, including a series of workshops and a day-long Family Violence Knowledge Exchange Forum, on research sharing, uptake, and use. Results Participants valued the opportunity to meet with researchers, provide feedback on key messages, and make personal connections with other stakeholders. A number of factors specific to the knowledge itself, stakeholders' contexts, and the nature of the knowledge gap being addressed influenced the uptake, sharing, and use of the research. The types of knowledge use changed across time, and were specifically related to both the types of decisions being made, and to stage of decision making; most reported use was conceptual or symbolic, with few examples of instrumental use. Participants did report actively sharing the research findings with their own networks. Further examination of these second-order knowledge-sharing processes is required, including development of appropriate methods and measures for its assessment. Some participants reported that they would not use the research evidence in their decision making when it contradicted professional experiences, while others used it to support apparently contradictory positions. The online wiki-based 'community of interest' requested by participants was not used. Conclusions Mobilizing knowledge in the area of VAW practice and policy is complex and resource-intensive, and must acknowledge and respect the values of identified knowledge users, while balancing the objectivity of the research and researchers. This paper provides important lessons learned about these processes, including attending to the potential unintended consequences of knowledge sharing. PMID:21896170

2011-01-01

41

Hyperacuity test to evaluate vision through dense cataracts: research preliminary to a clinical study in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using high luminance point-of-light stimuli, Vernier judgments can be made in the presence of markedly degraded retinal imagery. Without coaching, observers perform center-of-gravity assessments of relative locations of degraded point images. We seek to defined, presurgery, individuals who will derive the most benefit from advanced cataract removal (a form of triage), and to determine which of two cataractous eyes has the better postsurgical visual prognosis. There are incredible and growing backlogs of patients with severe cataracts (and other dense media opacities) in the developing world, and generally, limited resources are available for provision of health care. Postcataract surgical failure rates for good visual function are often high, and only one eye is operated on in over 95% of indigent patients treated. Prior to initiating advanced studies in the developing world, at Berkeley we conducted preliminary research on Vernier acuity test techniques on normal adult subjects. We sought to determine the number of repeat trials necessary; to compare a two-point and a three-point Vernier display; to determine the shape of the measured response function at large gap separations between test points (required when testing advanced cataract patients); to assess the effect(s) of a broad range of uncorrected refractive errors on outcomes; and to consider means to minimize refraction-based errors. From these and prior data and analyses, we defined a protocol for use in the developing world. Using a newly designed and rugged precision instrument, these tests were repeated on an advanced cataract population at Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, India. Although we had much prior experience in India, the initial protocol required major revision on site. Necessary changes in test methods and analytical approaches were made, and next stages in this program were planned. And a new and simple gap `visual acuity' (gap `VA') test was added to the protocol, which greatly facilitated the outcome. The presented material is of interest for several reasons: The health care problems addressed are of considerable social and economic importance; it is valuable to compare the initial protocol and instrument defined in Berkeley and the resultant protocol and instrument designs that finally evolved in India; and the difficulties encountered when seeking to adapt what we thought were simple techniques to patient populations and technical personnel in a `small town setting' (ca. 1 million inhabitants in Madurai alone) in rural south India, are worthy of note. We point out that the Aravind Eye Hospital is an ophthalmological exemplar in the developing world.

Enoch, Jay M.; Giraldez, Maria J.; Huang, Doahua; Hirose, Hiroshi; Knowles, Richard A.; Namperumalsamy, P.; LaBree, Lauri; Azen, Stanley P.

1995-03-01

42

Research Collaboration and Publication during Graduate Studies: Evaluating Benefits and Costs from Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's academic climate, the old adage "publish or perish" no longer applies solely to postdoctoral scholars, lecturers, visiting and tenure-track faculty members. Many masters and doctoral (graduate) students nationwide are expected to publish their research results before graduation. Many leading academic departments have required their…

Lei, Simon A.; Chuang, Ning-Kuang

2009-01-01

43

Quantitative Study of the Value of Research Libraries: A Foundation for the Evaluation of Digital Libraries  

E-print Network

School of Communication, Information and Library Studies Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ {kantor were studied. Numerous measures of the importance or benefit of the service to the users were studied uniform instrument can be applied to study many diverse services at many libraries. The long-term goal

44

The design and research of poverty alleviation monitoring and evaluation system: a case study in the Jiangxi province  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Poverty Alleviation Monitoring and Evaluation System (PAMES) is introduced in this paper. The authors present environment platform selection, and details of system design and realization. Different with traditional research of poverty alleviation, this paper develops a new analytical geo-visualization approach to study the distribution and causes of poverty phenomena within Geographic Information System (GIS). Based on the most detailed poverty population data, the spatial location and population statistical indicators of poverty village in Jiangxi province, the distribution characteristics of poverty population are detailed. The research results can provide much poverty alleviation decision support from a spatial-temporal view. It should be better if the administrative unit of poverty-stricken area to be changed from county to village according to spatial distribution pattern of poverty.

Mo, Hong-yuan; Wang, Ying-jie; Yu, Zhuo-yuan

2009-07-01

45

Using Evaluation Results for Improving Teaching Practice: A Research Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study portrays how a male instructor, his peers, and the department head used feedback from student ratings. A case study approach was employed to provide a holistic mode of inquiry that would be consonant with the exploration of issues addressed by the study. The method selected provided understanding of the process and events taking place…

Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.; Stake, Robert E.

2012-01-01

46

Basic Exploratory Research versus Guideline-Compliant Studies Used for Hazard Evaluation and Risk Assessment: Bisphenol A as a Case Study  

PubMed Central

Background Myers et al. [Environ Health Perspect 117:309–315 (2009)] argued that Good Laboratory Practices (GLPs) cannot be used as a criterion for selecting data for risk assessment, using bisphenol A (BPA) as a case study. They did not discuss the role(s) of guideline-compliant studies versus basic/exploratory research studies, and they criticized both GLPs and guideline-compliant studies and their roles in formal hazard evaluation and risk assessment. They also specifically criticized our published guideline-compliant dietary studies on BPA in rats and mice and 17?-estradiol (E2) in mice. Objectives As the study director/first author of the criticized E2 and BPA studies, I discuss the uses of basic research versus guideline-compliant studies, how testing guidelines are developed and revised, how new end points are validated, and the role of GLPs. I also provide an overview of the BPA guideline-compliant and exploratory research animal studies and describe BPA pharmacokinetics in rats and humans. I present responses to specific criticisms by Myers et al. Discussion and conclusions Weight-of-evidence evaluations have consistently concluded that low-level BPA oral exposures do not adversely affect human developmental or reproductive health, and I encourage increased validation efforts for “new” end points for inclusion in guideline studies, as well as performance of robust long-term studies to follow early effects (observed in small exploratory studies) to any adverse consequences. PMID:20049112

Tyl, Rochelle W.

2009-01-01

47

Involving Employers in Training: Case Studies. Research and Evaluation Report Series 97-J.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains in-depth descriptions and assessments of 17 exemplary employer-based training (EBT) programs that were studied as part of an examination of EBT programs. The case studies are based on site visits to each firm, during which interviews were conducted with company management, supervisors of workers in training, individuals…

Isbell, Kellie; Trutko, John W.; Barnow, Burt S.; Nightengale, Demetra; Pindus, Nancy

48

National Job Corps Study: Report on the Process Analysis. Research and Evaluation Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a process analysis that describes and documents Job Corps services and operations. Chapter one provides overviews of Job Corps, the national Job Corps study, and the process analysis. Chapter two describes the administrative structure of Job Corps and presents data on the geographic distribution and characteristics…

Johnson, Terry; Gritz, Mark; Jackson, Russell; Burghardt, John; Boussy, Carol; Leonard, Jan; Orians, Carlyn

49

Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model over Portugal: Case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Established in 1756 the Demarcated Douro Region, became the first viticulturist region to be delimited and regulated under worldwide scale. The region has an area of 250000 hectares, from which 45000 are occupied by continuous vineyards (IVDP, 2010). It stretches along the Douro river valleys and its main streams, from the region of Mesão Frio, about 100 kilometers east from Porto town where this river discharges till attaining the frontier with Spain in the east border. Due to its stretching and extension in the W-E direction accompanying the Douro Valley, it is not strange that the region is not homogeneous having, therefore, three sub-regions: Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior. The Baixo Corgo the most western region is the "birthplace" of the viticulturalist region. The main purpose of this work is to evaluate and test the quality of a criterion developed to determine the occurrence of frost. This criterion is to be used latter by numerical weather forecasts (WRF-ARW) and put into practice in 16 meteorological stations in the Demarcated Douro Region. Firstly, the criterion was developed to calculate the occurrence of frost based on the meteorological data observed in those 16 stations. Time series of temperatures and precipitation were used for a period of approximately 20 years. It was verified that the meteorological conditions associated to days with frost (SG) and without frost (CG) are different in each station. Afterwards, the model was validated, especially in what concerns the simulation of the daily minimal temperature. Correcting functions were applied to the data of the model, having considerably diminished the errors of simulation. Then the criterion of frost estimate was applied do the output of the model for a period of 2 frost seasons. The results show that WRF simulates successfully the appearance of frost episodes and so can be used in the frost forecasting.

Rodrigues, Mónica; Rocha, Alfredo; Monteiro, Ana

2013-04-01

50

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH TO CONDUCT LIFE-CYCLE STUDY TO EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES FOR INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives an overview of, the schedule for outputs from, and the potential applications of research to use life-cycle assessment (LCA) principles to evaluate upstream and downstream environmental impacts to evaluate alternative municipal solid waste (MSW) management options...

51

Social evaluation research: the evaluation of two police patrolling strategies  

PubMed Central

In most social evaluation research it is difficult to achieve the degree of experimental rigor possible in an applied behavioral study. This study illustrates how the evaluation researcher can increase experimental rigor in the analysis of social interventions. In the first evaluation, a variation of the time-series design that offered maximum experimental control given the limitations of the situation, was employed to evaluate the effects of a specialized home-burglary police patrol. This design revealed that no effects could be attributed to the patrol. In the second evaluation, a multiple baseline-like design was possible in determining the effects of a police walking patrol. This design revealed that the patrol produced an increase in crime reporting but not in arrests. Social interventions often occur in a manner that allows varying degrees of experimental analysis. The evaluation researcher must attain optimal experimental analysis given the limitations of each social intervention. PMID:16795500

Schnelle, John F.; Kirchner, Robert E.; McNees, M. Patrick; Lawler, Jerry M.

1975-01-01

52

Research Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of case studies, developed to enhance a Trinity College Summer Research Program, raises provocative ethical questions of interest to scientists, teachers and students involved in research.

Alison J. Draper (Trinity College;); Sharon Stickley (St. Joseph College;)

2010-05-28

53

Program Evaluation - Automotive Lightweighting Materials Program Research and Development Projects Assessment of Benefits - Case Studies No. 2  

SciTech Connect

This report is the second of a series of studies to evaluate research and development (R&D) projects funded by the Automotive Lightweighting Materials (ALM) Program of the Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies (OAAT) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objectives of the program evaluation are to assess short-run outputs and long-run outcomes that may be attributable to the ALM R&D projects. The ALM program focuses on the development and validation of advanced technologies that significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost. Funded projects range from fundamental materials science research to applied research in production environments. Collaborators on these projects include national laboratories, universities, and private sector firms, such as leading automobile manufacturers and their suppliers. Three ALM R&D projects were chosen for this evaluation: Design and Product Optimization for Cast Light Metals, Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures, and Rapid Tooling for Functional Prototyping of Metal Mold Processes. These projects were chosen because they have already been completed. The first project resulted in development of a comprehensive cast light metal property database, an automotive application design guide, computerized predictive models, process monitoring sensors, and quality assurance methods. The second project, the durability of lightweight composite structures, produced durability-based design criteria documents, predictive models for creep deformation, and minimum test requirements and suggested test methods for establishing durability properties and characteristics of random glass-fiber composites for automotive structural composites. The durability project supported Focal Project II, a validation activity that demonstrates ALM program goals and reduces the lead time for bringing new technology into the marketplace. Focal projects concentrate on specific classes of materials and nonproprietary components and are done jointly by DOE and the Automotive Composites Consortium of U.S. Council for Automotive Research (USCAR). The third project developed a rapid tooling process that reduces tooling time, originally some 48-52 weeks, to less than 12 weeks by means of rapid generation of die-casting die inserts and development of generic holding blocks, suitable for use with large casting applications. This project was conducted by the United States Automotive Materials Partnership, another USCAR consortium.

Das, S.

2003-01-23

54

Who Is Afraid of Evaluation? Ethics in Evaluation Research as a Way to Cope with Excessive Evaluation Anxiety: Insights from a Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we share our reflections, as evaluators, on an evaluation where we encountered Excessive Evaluation Anxiety (XEA). The signs of XEA which we discerned were particularly evident amongst the program head and staff who were part of a new training program. We present our insights on the evaluation process and its difficulties, as well as…

Bechar, Shlomit; Mero-Jaffe, Irit

2014-01-01

55

The Burden of Research on Trauma for Respondents: A Prospective and Comparative Study on Respondents Evaluations and Predictors  

PubMed Central

The possible burden of participating in trauma research is an important topic for Ethical Committees (EC's), Review Boards (RB's) and researchers. However, to what extent research on trauma is more burdensome than non-trauma research is unknown. Little is known about which factors explain respondents evaluations on the burden: to what extent are they trauma-related or dependent on other factors such as personality and how respondents evaluate research in general? Data of a large probability based multi-wave internet panel, with surveys on politics and values, personality and health in 2009 and 2011, and a survey on trauma in 2012 provided the unique opportunity to address these questions. Results among respondents confronted with these events in the past 2 years (N?=?950) showed that questions on trauma were significantly and systematically evaluated as less pleasant (enjoyed less), more difficult, but also stimulated respondents to think about things more than almost all previous non-trauma surveys. Yet, the computed effect sizes indicated that the differences were (very) small and often meaningless. No differences were found between users and non-users of mental services, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms. Evaluations of the burden of previous surveys in 2011 on politics and values, personality and health most strongly, systematically and independently predicted the burden of questions on trauma, and not posttraumatic stress symptoms, event-related coping self-efficacy and personality factors. For instance, multiple linear regression analyses showed that 30% of the variance of how (un)pleasant questions on trauma and life-events were evaluated, was explained by how (un)pleasant the 3 surveys in 2011 were evaluated, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms (not significant) and coping self-efficacy (5%). Findings question why EC's, RB's and researchers should be more critical of the possible burden of trauma research than of the possible burden of other non-trauma research. PMID:24204785

van der Velden, Peter G.; Bosmans, Mark W. G.; Scherpenzeel, Annette C.

2013-01-01

56

The burden of research on trauma for respondents: a prospective and comparative study on respondents evaluations and predictors.  

PubMed

The possible burden of participating in trauma research is an important topic for Ethical Committees (EC's), Review Boards (RB's) and researchers. However, to what extent research on trauma is more burdensome than non-trauma research is unknown. Little is known about which factors explain respondents evaluations on the burden: to what extent are they trauma-related or dependent on other factors such as personality and how respondents evaluate research in general? Data of a large probability based multi-wave internet panel, with surveys on politics and values, personality and health in 2009 and 2011, and a survey on trauma in 2012 provided the unique opportunity to address these questions. Results among respondents confronted with these events in the past 2 years (N = 950) showed that questions on trauma were significantly and systematically evaluated as less pleasant (enjoyed less), more difficult, but also stimulated respondents to think about things more than almost all previous non-trauma surveys. Yet, the computed effect sizes indicated that the differences were (very) small and often meaningless. No differences were found between users and non-users of mental services, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms. Evaluations of the burden of previous surveys in 2011 on politics and values, personality and health most strongly, systematically and independently predicted the burden of questions on trauma, and not posttraumatic stress symptoms, event-related coping self-efficacy and personality factors. For instance, multiple linear regression analyses showed that 30% of the variance of how (un)pleasant questions on trauma and life-events were evaluated, was explained by how (un)pleasant the 3 surveys in 2011 were evaluated, in contrast to posttraumatic stress symptoms (not significant) and coping self-efficacy (5%). Findings question why EC's, RB's and researchers should be more critical of the possible burden of trauma research than of the possible burden of other non-trauma research. PMID:24204785

van der Velden, Peter G; Bosmans, Mark W G; Scherpenzeel, Annette C

2013-01-01

57

Gender Studies & Feminist Research  

E-print Network

Gender Studies & Feminist Research The Graduate Program in Research Symposium | Winter 2012 MISS, and the Women's Centre of Hamilton SPACES BETWEEN US: GENDER, SEXUALITY, INDIGENEITY RESEARCH PANEL January 19

Thompson, Michael

58

Evaluation of Risk Factors for Severe Pneumonia in Children: The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Study  

PubMed Central

As a case-control study of etiology, the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) project also provides an opportunity to assess the risk factors for severe pneumonia in hospitalized children at 7 sites. We identified relevant risk factors by literature review and iterative expert consultation. Decisions for inclusion in PERCH were based on comparability to published data, analytic plans, data collection costs and logistic feasibility, including interviewer time and subject fatigue. We aimed to standardize questions at all sites, but significant variation in the economic, cultural, and geographic characteristics of sites made it difficult to obtain this objective. Despite these challenges, the depth of the evaluation of multiple risk factors across the breadth of the PERCH sites should furnish new and valuable information about the major risk factors for childhood severe and very severe pneumonia, including risk factors for pneumonia caused by specific etiologies, in developing countries. PMID:22403226

Deloria-Knoll, Maria; Feikin, Daniel R.; DeLuca, Andrea N.; Driscoll, Amanda J.; Moisi, Jennifer C.; Johnson, Hope L.; Murdoch, David R.; O'Brien, Katherine L.; Levine, Orin S.; Scott, J. Anthony G.

2012-01-01

59

Measuring Law for Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and…

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

2010-01-01

60

Development and evaluation of the modiolar research array - multi-centre collaborative study in human temporal bones  

PubMed Central

Objective Multi-centre collaborative study to develop and refine the design of a prototype thin perimodiolar cochlear implant electrode array and to assess feasibility for use in human subjects. Study Design Multi-centre temporal bone insertion studies. Materials and Methods The modiolar research array (MRA) is a thin pre-curved electrode that is held straight for initial insertion with an external sheath rather than an internal stylet. Between November 2006 and February 2009, six iterations of electrode design were studied in 21 separate insertion studies in which 140 electrode insertions were performed in 85 human temporal bones by 12 surgeons. These studies aimed at addressing four fundamental questions related to the electrode concept, being: (1) Could a sheath result in additional intra-cochlear trauma? (2) Could a sheath accommodate variations in cochlea size and anatomies? (3) Could a sheath be inserted via the round window? and (4) Could a sheath be safely removed once the electrode had been inserted? These questions were investigated within these studies using a number of evaluation techniques, including X-ray and microfluoroscopy, acrylic fixation and temporal bone histologic sectioning, temporal bone microdissection of cochlear structures with electrode visualization, rotational tomography, and insertion force analysis. Results Frequent examples of electrode rotation and tip fold-over were demonstrated with the initial designs. This was typically caused by excessive curvature of the electrode tip, and also difficulty in handling of the electrode and sheath. The degree of tip curvature was progressively relaxed in subsequent versions with a corresponding reduction in the frequency of tip fold-over. Modifications to the sheath facilitated electrode insertion and sheath removal. Insertion studies with the final MRA design demonstrated minimal trauma, excellent perimodiolar placement, and very small electrode dimensions within scala tympani. Force measurements in temporal bones demonstrated negligible force on cochlear structures with angular insertion depths of between 390 and 450°. Conclusion The MRA is a novel, very thin perimodiolar prototype electrode array that has been developed using a systematic collaborative approach. The different evaluation techniques employed by the investigators contributed to the early identification of issues and generation of solutions. Regarding the four fundamental questions related to the electrode concept, the studies demonstrated that (1) the sheath did not result in additional intra-cochlear trauma; (2) the sheath could accommodate variations in cochlea size and anatomies; (3) the sheath was more successfully inserted via a cochleostomy than via the round window; and (4) the sheath could be safely removed once the electrode had been inserted. PMID:21917200

Briggs, Robert J S; Tykocinski, Michael; Lazsig, Roland; Aschendorff, Antje; Lenarz, Thomas; Stover, Timo; Fraysse, Bernard; Marx, Mathieu; Roland, J Thomas; Roland, Peter S; Wright, Charles G; Gantz, Bruce J; Patrick, James F; Risi, Frank

2011-01-01

61

Enhancing Research Capacity for Global Health: Evaluation of a Distance-Based Program for International Study Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Due to the increasing number of clinical trials conducted globally, there is a need for quality continuing education for health professionals in clinical research manager (CRM) roles. This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a distance-based continuing education program for CRMs working outside the…

Wilson, Lynda Law; Rice, Marti; Jones, Carolynn T.; Joiner, Cynthia; LaBorde, Jennifer; McCall, Kimberly; Jester, Penelope M.; Carter, Sheree C.; Boone, Chrissy; Onwuzuligbo, Uzoma; Koneru, Alaya

2013-01-01

62

Management systems research study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a Monte Carlo simulation of procurement activities at the NASA Ames Research Center is described. Data cover: simulation of the procurement cycle, construction of a performance evaluation model, examination of employee development, procedures and review of evaluation criteria for divisional and individual performance evaluation. Determination of the influences and apparent impact of contract type and structure and development of a management control system for planning and controlling manpower requirements.

Bruno, A. V.

1975-01-01

63

The Evaluation of the Applicability of the 2005 Social Studies Curriculum in Multigrade Teaching in Terms of Teacher Views (A Qualitative Research)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a qualitative study, the aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the 2005 Social Studies Course Curriculum in multigrade teaching according to teacher opinions. The data of the research were obtained by interview method applied to 58 teachers teaching in multigrade classes in 2008-2009 academic year. The data obtained in the…

Ocak, Gurbuz; Yildiz, Sureyya Sevki

2011-01-01

64

Evaluation of Strategies for Building a Research Culture--An Empirical Case Study at an African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of change strategies for developing research at an African primarily undergraduate institution is considered using a case study of the University of Botswana. After an analysis of the existing situation, a short research policy, written in understandable terms, was developed. The policy was structured so that it could be used for…

Studman, Cliff; Tsheko, G. Nnunu

2007-01-01

65

Handbook in Research and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of principles, methods, and strategies useful in the planning, design, and evaluation of studies in education and the behavioral sciences. It is not a technical, detailed study, but an overview, a summary of alternatives, an exhibit of models, and a listing of strengths and weaknesses, useful as a checking and…

Isaac, Stephen; Michael, William B.

66

Retention Study Institutional Research  

E-print Network

Retention Study Fall 2012 Institutional Research #12;1 Introduction The Freshman and Transfer Retention Study conducted by Institutional Research (IR) tracks graduation, and persistence rates of new separate studies (New Freshman Retention and Transfer Retention) was in response to campus feedback

67

Can Blending Face-To-Face Teaching With E-Learning Support the Development of Phase 4 Apprentices in Mathematics: a Formative Evaluation Research Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is a formative evaluation research study_ Its purpose is to establish if\\u000ablending face--to-face and e-leaming delivery methods can support the development of\\u000aPhase 4 apprentice plumbers in mathematics in the Department of Construction Skills in\\u000athe Dublin Institute of Technology. The study also included the design, development\\u000aand evaluation of a mathematics web site called Plumatics 4

Peter Hinch

2006-01-01

68

A systematic review evaluating the methodological aspects of meta-analyses of genetic association studies in cancer research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meta-analyses and Individual Patient Data (IPD) meta-analyses of genetic association studies are a powerful tool to summarize\\u000a the scientific evidences, however their application present considerable potential and several pitfalls. We reviewed systematically\\u000a all published meta-analyses and IPD meta-analyses of genetic association studies in the field of cancer research, searching\\u000a for relevant studies on the Medline, Embase, and HuGE Reviews Archive

Stefania Boccia; Emma De Feo; Paola Gallì; Francesco Gianfagna; Rosarita Amore; Gualtiero Ricciardi

2010-01-01

69

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies.  

PubMed

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in 'omics' technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the "Nutritional Phenotype database" (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and different-omics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processed-omics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design and-omics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure. PMID:21052526

van Ommen, Ben; Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O; Drevon, Christian A; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C; Müller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T

2010-09-01

70

Evaluation Research. Study of the Effects of a Career Ladder Intervention Program with Focus on the Production & Outcomes in Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984, Arizona governmental officials began studying a social problem plaguing both the state and country for many years: "Does a teacher incentive program enhance the profession and student achievement?" Research and evaluation has been underway for over 3 years and is focusing on the parameters of a model which will be reported to policy…

Packard, Richard D.; Dereshiwsky, Mary I.

71

Legitimizing basic research by evaluating quality.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to use ethical arguments to strengthen the relationship between the concepts of legitimacy and evaluation. The analysis is based on the ethics of Levinas and Buber and is motivated by a sense of responsibility using dialogical ideology as a mediator. The main questions in this study consider the following: Does caring science as an independent academic discipline have the moral responsibility to develop a theory for evaluating the quality of basic research? and Will such a quality evaluation theory have a reasonable probability of introducing legitimization into caring science? On an ethical level, this study introduces a meaningful interaction inspired by social demands and is linked to the concept of research justification. Legitimization turns from an abstract idea to an achievable entity by an act. The act of evaluation has the likelihood of delegating legitimacy and empowers the foundation of caring science, which in turn will become a cornerstone of nursing. At this stage there is no intention to develop an evaluation theory, rather to create a meaningful discussion for the future development of an ethics-based theory. PMID:20089630

Levy-Malmberg, Rika; Eriksson, Katie

2010-01-01

72

A dynamic systems engineering methodology research study. Phase 2: Evaluating methodologies, tools, and techniques for applicability to NASA's systems projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study of NASA's Systems Management Policy (SMP) concluded that the primary methodology being used by the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate and its subordinate, the Networks Division, is very effective. Still some unmet needs were identified. This study involved evaluating methodologies, tools, and techniques with the potential for resolving the previously identified deficiencies. Six preselected methodologies being used by other organizations with similar development problems were studied. The study revealed a wide range of significant differences in structure. Each system had some strengths but none will satisfy all of the needs of the Networks Division. Areas for improvement of the methodology being used by the Networks Division are listed with recommendations for specific action.

Paul, Arthur S.; Gill, Tepper L.; Maclin, Arlene P.

1989-01-01

73

Designing, Teaching, and Evaluating Two Complementary Mixed Methods Research Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching mixed methods research is difficult. This longitudinal explanatory study examined how two classes were designed, taught, and evaluated. Curriculum, Research, and Teaching (EDCS-606) and Mixed Methods Research (EDCS-780) used a research proposal generation process to highlight the importance of the purpose, research question and…

Christ, Thomas W.

2009-01-01

74

[Operational evaluation studies in psychopharmacological research (presented with an example of a comparison between clomipramine and tisocromide)].  

PubMed

Departing from false interpretations of results obtained in psychopharmacological studies, the mathematical-statistical methods of the trend test after WILCOXON, of the WILCOXON comparative test for processes and of the HOTELLING-PABST test are presented and discussed on the basis of a computer programme. Using the example of the psychotropics clomipramine and tisocromide, differential-typological aspects have been recognised. These permit to draw conclusions for the optimisation of pharmacotherapy as well as reactions on the psychopharmacological development research. In the appraisal of the effectiveness of psychotropic substances a greater fundamental importance should be attached to operational procedures. PMID:7394083

Kühne, G E; Grünes, J U; Stöck, H

1980-02-01

75

Economic Evaluation of Agricultural Research: An Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the agricultural research evaluation literature in an effort to assess the extent of coverage in this area. Coverage breakdowns with respect to evaluation approaches, types of research, and products and production processes are presented. Results suggest that there has been limited coverage of research undertaken in…

Bengston, David N.

1985-01-01

76

Guidelines for evaluating research articles.  

PubMed

The article describes the components and composition of journal articles that report empirical research findings in the field of rehabilitation. The authors delineate technical writing strategies and discuss the contents of research manuscripts, including the Title, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, and References. The article concludes with a scale that practitioners, manuscript reviewers, educators, and students can use in critically analyzing the content and scientific merits of published rehabilitation research. PMID:12441522

Rumrill, Phillip; Fitzgerald, Shawn; Ware, Megen

2000-01-01

77

The risk-benefit task of research ethics committees: An evaluation of current approaches and the need to incorporate decision studies methods  

PubMed Central

Background Research ethics committees (RECs) are tasked to assess the risks and the benefits of a trial. Currently, two procedure-level approaches are predominant, the Net Risk Test and the Component Analysis. Discussion By looking at decision studies, we see that both procedure-level approaches conflate the various risk-benefit tasks, i.e., risk-benefit assessment, risk-benefit evaluation, risk treatment, and decision making. This conflation makes the RECs’ risk-benefit task confusing, if not impossible. We further realize that RECs are not meant to do all the risk-benefit tasks; instead, RECs are meant to evaluate risks and benefits, appraise risk treatment suggestions, and make the final decision. Conclusion As such, research ethics would benefit from looking beyond the procedure-level approaches and allowing disciplines like decision studies to be involved in the discourse on RECs’ risk-benefit task. PMID:22520714

2012-01-01

78

Measuring impact in research evaluations  

E-print Network

Governments all over the world are contemplating the question of where they should distribute public money (to education or to defence, for example). Distribution of money over a number of different areas always makes an issue, implicitly or explicitly, of the impact which can be achieved with investment in any one of them. Science is also affected by this governmental interest in impact; the issue is not only the impact of research on research itself, but on other areas of society. Citations are traditionally used to measure the impact of research on research. It is as yet unclear how the impact of research on other areas of society can be measured. It appears that alternative metrics (altmetrics, such as Twitter counts) might play a key role in this. This paper is concerned with the measurement of citation impact and societal impact, and looks at the basis, the effects and the problems of impact measurement.

Bornmann, Lutz

2014-01-01

79

EVALUATION OF CONSUMER BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH  

E-print Network

.................................................................... 16 2.4 Experiences in the Public Health Industry: EX Smoking Cessation Campaign .......... 19 3 Community-Based Social Marketing ......................................................................21 3 Efficiency Alliance April 6, 2010 #12;Summit Blue Consulting, LLC i Submitted to: Anu Teja Market Research

80

The Evaluation of Research in European Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies, commissioning bodies, methods, and criteria for both internal and external evaluation of research at universities in eight countries (Finland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, France) are compared, and the effects of evaluations on the finance, structure, and research problems are examined. (MSE)

Boffo, Stefano; Chave, Daniel; Kaukonen, Erkki; Opdal, Liv Randi

1999-01-01

81

Evaluation of Urinary Protein Precipitation Protocols for the Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain Research Network  

PubMed Central

Standardization of sample collection, shipping, and storage has been a major focus of biorepositories servicing large, multi-institute studies. The standardization of total protein concentration measurements may also provide an important metric for characterizing biospecimens. The measurement of total protein concentration in urine is challenging because of widely variable sample dilutions obtained in the clinic and the lack of a reference matrix for use with a standard curve and blank subtraction. Urinary proteins are therefore typically precipitated and reconstituted in a reference solution before quantitation. We have tested three different methods for protein precipitation and evaluated them using variability in total protein concentration measurement as a metric. The methods were tested on four urine samples ranging from very concentrated to very dilute. A method using a commercially available kit provided the most reproducible results, with average coefficients of variation <10%. Addition of a freeze/thaw did not lead to significant protein loss or additional variability. Samples were titrated and the measurements obtained appeared to be linearly correlated with sample starting volume. This method was applied to analysis of 77 urine biorepository samples and provided reproducible results when the same sample was assayed on different microwell plates.

Jonscher, Karen R.; Osypuk, Andrea A.; van Bokhoven, Adrie; Lucia, M. Scott

2014-01-01

82

EQUIPT: protocol of a comparative effectiveness research study evaluating cross-context transferability of economic evidence on tobacco control  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tobacco smoking claims 700?000 lives every year in Europe and the cost of tobacco smoking in the EU is estimated between €98 and €130 billion annually; direct medical care costs and indirect costs such as workday losses each represent half of this amount. Policymakers all across Europe are in need of bespoke information on the economic and wider returns of investing in evidence-based tobacco control, including smoking cessation agendas. EQUIPT is designed to test the transferability of one such economic evidence base—the English Tobacco Return on Investment (ROI) tool—to other EU member states. Methods and analysis EQUIPT is a multicentre, interdisciplinary comparative effectiveness research study in public health. The Tobacco ROI tool already developed in England by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) will be adapted to meet the needs of European decision-makers, following transferability criteria. Stakeholders' needs and intention to use ROI tools in sample countries (Germany, Hungary, Spain and the Netherlands) will be analysed through interviews and surveys and complemented by secondary analysis of the contextual and other factors. Informed by this contextual analysis, the next phase will develop country-specific ROI tools in sample countries using a mix of economic modelling and Visual Basic programming. The results from the country-specific ROI models will then be compared to derive policy proposals that are transferable to other EU states, from which a centralised web tool will be developed. This will then be made available to stakeholders to cater for different decision-making contexts across Europe. Ethics and dissemination The Brunel University Ethics Committee and relevant authorities in each of the participating countries approved the protocol. EQUIPT has a dedicated work package on dissemination, focusing on stakeholders’ communication needs. Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, e-learning resources and policy briefs. PMID:25421342

Pokhrel, Subhash; Evers, Silvia; Leidl, Reiner; Trapero-Bertran, Marta; Kalo, Zoltan; de Vries, Hein; Crossfield, Andrea; Andrews, Fiona; Rutter, Ailsa; Coyle, Kathryn; Lester-George, Adam; West, Robert; Owen, Lesley; Jones, Teresa; Vogl, Matthias; Radu-Loghin, Cornel; Voko, Zoltan; Huic, Mirjana; Coyle, Doug

2014-01-01

83

Research on Comprehensive Evaluation of Urban Material Metabolism Based on MFA-A Case Study of Chengyang District in Qingdao  

Microsoft Academic Search

With expanding exchange of material and energy between socio-economic system and eco-environment system, great change appears in structure and organization form of material social metabolism. It becomes one of mainstream of urban sustainable development to optimize and reorganize process of material metabolism. Based on method of Material Flow Analysis, the paper establishes indicator system of comprehensive evaluation of urban material

Zhenfeng Zhou

2010-01-01

84

Evaluation of Consumer Behavior Research  

E-print Network

efficiency efforts? · Motivating consumers to adopt energy efficient behavior? 4 The Approach Goal: To make and behavior change initiatives. ­ Reviewed over 100 studies & interviewed more than 20 experts · Catalog for next steps. 10 Key Findings · A coordinated regional marketing effort to motivate behavior change can

85

Evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies.  

PubMed

Ontologies are now pervasive in biomedicine, where they serve as a means to standardize terminology, to enable access to domain knowledge, to verify data consistency and to facilitate integrative analyses over heterogeneous biomedical data. For this purpose, research on biomedical ontologies applies theories and methods from diverse disciplines such as information management, knowledge representation, cognitive science, linguistics and philosophy. Depending on the desired applications in which ontologies are being applied, the evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies must follow different strategies. Here, we provide a classification of research problems in which ontologies are being applied, focusing on the use of ontologies in basic and translational research, and we demonstrate how research results in biomedical ontologies can be evaluated. The evaluation strategies depend on the desired application and measure the success of using an ontology for a particular biomedical problem. For many applications, the success can be quantified, thereby facilitating the objective evaluation and comparison of research in biomedical ontology. The objective, quantifiable comparison of research results based on scientific applications opens up the possibility for systematically improving the utility of ontologies in biomedical research. PMID:22962340

Hoehndorf, Robert; Dumontier, Michel; Gkoutos, Georgios V

2013-11-01

86

Evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies  

PubMed Central

Ontologies are now pervasive in biomedicine, where they serve as a means to standardize terminology, to enable access to domain knowledge, to verify data consistency and to facilitate integrative analyses over heterogeneous biomedical data. For this purpose, research on biomedical ontologies applies theories and methods from diverse disciplines such as information management, knowledge representation, cognitive science, linguistics and philosophy. Depending on the desired applications in which ontologies are being applied, the evaluation of research in biomedical ontologies must follow different strategies. Here, we provide a classification of research problems in which ontologies are being applied, focusing on the use of ontologies in basic and translational research, and we demonstrate how research results in biomedical ontologies can be evaluated. The evaluation strategies depend on the desired application and measure the success of using an ontology for a particular biomedical problem. For many applications, the success can be quantified, thereby facilitating the objective evaluation and comparison of research in biomedical ontology. The objective, quantifiable comparison of research results based on scientific applications opens up the possibility for systematically improving the utility of ontologies in biomedical research. PMID:22962340

Dumontier, Michel; Gkoutos, Georgios V.

2013-01-01

87

Knowledge-Based Approach in Research Projects and Programs Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a result based approach for evaluating research projects and programs is proposed. A results-based approach assures a consistent indicators structure, according to the results chains and a strong connection between ex-ante and ex-post impact evaluation. This approach assures the integration of the research project performance indicators, especially with the research organization policies and strategy. The paper presents the evaluation process of the research projects of the Academy of Economic Studies, based on performance indicators aligned with the results chains and using data mining techniques.

Bodea, Constanta-Nicoleta; Ciobotar, Narcisa; Bodea, Vasile

88

Outcomes from Combining Work and Tertiary Study. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working in some capacity is almost considered de rigueur for tertiary students. The reasons for working and the impact this has on both an individual's ability to complete their studies and on their post-study labour market outcomes are only recently receiving attention. Using the 1995 and 1998 cohorts of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian…

Polidano, Cain; Zakirova, Rezida

2011-01-01

89

The COMPASS study: a longitudinal hierarchical research platform for evaluating natural experiments related to changes in school-level programs, policies and built environment resources  

PubMed Central

Background Few researchers have the data required to adequately understand how the school environment impacts youth health behaviour development over time. Methods/Design COMPASS is a prospective cohort study designed to annually collect hierarchical longitudinal data from a sample of 90 secondary schools and the 50,000+ grade 9 to 12 students attending those schools. COMPASS uses a rigorous quasi-experimental design to evaluate how changes in school programs, policies, and/or built environment (BE) characteristics are related to changes in multiple youth health behaviours and outcomes over time. These data will allow for the quasi-experimental evaluation of natural experiments that will occur within schools over the course of COMPASS, providing a means for generating “practice based evidence” in school-based prevention programming. Discussion COMPASS is the first study with the infrastructure to robustly evaluate the impact that changes in multiple school-level programs, policies, and BE characteristics within or surrounding a school might have on multiple youth health behaviours or outcomes over time. COMPASS will provide valuable new insight for planning, tailoring and targeting of school-based prevention initiatives where they are most likely to have impact. PMID:24712314

2014-01-01

90

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, Boston University. Report D-III, A Study of Preferences among Qualitatively Differing Uncertainties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to measure nonverbally the preference of alternative responses when the net probability of being rewarded was the same. A demonstration of preference under these circumstances would suggest the ability to control or maintain behavior without explicit administration of a reinforcing agent. Head Start children were used…

Mostofsky, David

91

Head Start Evaluation and Research Center, University of Kansas. Report No. IIA, a Study of Auditory Discrimination and Verbal Responding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An auditory discrimination procedure was used in this study to attempt to correct the speech problem of a 4-year-old girl. The major characteristic of that speech problem was the consistent use of inappropriate first consonant sounds in some words, like "gog" for "dog." The child was given 25 training sessions and two posttraining sessions. The…

Brigham, Thomas A.

92

Evaluative Research and Evaluation Capacity Building (EREC) And Research on Learning and Education (ROLE)  

NSF Publications Database

The EREC program seeks proposals that offer unique approaches to evaluation practice in the generation of knowledge for the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education community and for broad policymaking within the research and education enterprise. The principal grant programs of REC are Research on Learning and Education (ROLE), Evaluative Research and Capacity Building (EREC), the Interagency Education Research Initiative (IERI), and Faculty Early Career Development...

93

Pyrolysis system evaluation study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation of two different pyrolysis concepts which recover energy from solid waste was conducted in order to determine the merits of each concept for integration into a Integrated Utility System (IUS). The two concepts evaluated were a Lead Bath Furnace Pyrolysis System and a Slagging Vertical Shaft, Partial Air Oxidation Pyrolysis System. Both concepts will produce a fuel gas from the IUS waste and sewage sludge which can be used to offset primary fuel consumption in addition to the sanitary disposal of the waste. The study evaluated the thermal integration of each concept as well as the economic impact on the IUS resulting from integrating each pyrolysis concepts. For reference, the pyrolysis concepts were also compared to incineration which was considered the baseline IUS solid waste disposal system.

1974-01-01

94

Researchers Evaluate Blood Test for Psychosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Blood Test for Psychosis Study provides insight into schizophrenia (*this news item will not be available after ... is caused by severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia, according to background information from the study. Researchers ...

95

Evaluation of Health Research: Measuring Costs and Socioeconomic Effects  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The topic of this work is health research evaluation including basic and clinical medical research, as well as healthcare research. The main objects are to explore possible approaches for valuing research in economic terms and to prepare an analytical model for evaluation of health research using the Swedish context. The study also aims to identify potential effects and their significance, and to provide a basis for discussions about the effects of research investments. Methods: The study has reviewed ten articles indicating positive effects, in the form of improved health and economic growth. The study also developed a model applied to Swedish health research. Results: The review indicates that positive effects, in the form of improved health and economic growth, have a value that greatly exceeds the costs of the research investments. The tentative model applied to Swedish health research also indicates predominantly positive returns, but in a lower range than the review would imply. Methodological problems, however, entail major uncertainty in the cited results. Conclusions: Accurate determination of the economic value of research would require significantly better basic data and better knowledge of relationships between research, implementation of new knowledge, and health effects. Information in support of decisions about future allocation of research resources is preferably produced by a combination of general analyses and strategically selected case studies. PMID:22174959

Roback, Kerstin; Dalal, Koustuv; Carlsson, Per

2011-01-01

96

Tufts University Office of Institutional Research & Evaluation  

E-print Network

) Evaluation of the Tufts Campus Suicide Prevention Grant, funded by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Translational Science Institute (NIH) Response to Emerging Infectious Diseases (RESPOND, USAID) Suicide Prevention Grant (SAMHSA) Tisch Scholars Program Tufts Post-Baccalaureate Research Education Program (NIGMS

Tufts University

97

How hard can it be to include research evidence and evaluation in local health policy implementation? Results from a mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Although an evidence-based approach is the ideal model for planning and delivering healthcare, barriers exist to using research evidence to implement and evaluate service change. This paper aims to inform policy implementation and evaluation by understanding the role of research evidence at the local level through implementation of a national chronic conditions management policy. Methods We conducted a national email survey of health service commissioners at the most devolved level of decision-making in Wales (Local Health Boards – LHBs) followed by in-depth interviews with representatives of LHBs, purposively selecting five to reflect geographic and economic characteristics. Survey data were analysed descriptively; we used thematic analysis for interview data. Results All LHBs (n = 22) completed questionnaires. All reported they routinely assessed the research literature before implementing interventions, but free-text answers revealed wide variation in approach. Most commonly reported information sources included personal contacts, needs assessments, information or research databases. No consistent approach to evaluation was reported. Frequently reported challenges were: insufficient staff capacity (17/22); limited skills, cost, limited time, competing priorities (16/22); availability and quality of routine data (15/22). Respondents reported they would value central guidance on evaluation. Five interviews were held with managers from the five LHBs contacted. Service delivery decisions were informed by Welsh Government initiatives and priorities, budgets, perceived good practice, personal knowledge, and local needs, but did not include formal research evidence, they reported. Decision making was a collaborative process including clinical staff, patient representatives, and partner organization managers with varying levels of research experience. Robust evaluation data were required, but they were constrained by a lack of skills, time, and resources. They viewed evaluation as a means of demonstrating that targets had been met. Conclusions There is a gap between evidence-based aims of national health policy and how health services are commissioned, implemented, and evaluated at local level. Commissioners and managers are unable to routinely incorporate research evidence. If health services research is to identify most effective ways to implement high quality care, it should be incorporated into commissioning and service delivery. Local commissioners and managers need to build the critical use of research evidence and evaluation into health policy implementation at local level in order to provide consistent and effective healthcare services. PMID:23402558

2013-01-01

98

Applied Research Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this project was to study the feasibility of reusing major components of a software system that had been used to control the operations of a spacecraft launched in the 1980s. The study was done in the context of a ground data processing system that was to be rehosted from a large mainframe to an inexpensive workstation. The study concluded that a systematic approach using inexpensive tools could aid in the reengineering process by identifying a set of certified reusable components. The study also developed procedures for determining duplicate versions of software, which were created because of inadequate naming conventions. Such procedures reduced reengineering costs by approximately 19.4 percent.

Leach, Ronald J.

1997-01-01

99

Systematic review of methods for evaluating healthcare research economic impact  

PubMed Central

Background The economic benefits of healthcare research require study so that appropriate resources can be allocated to this research, particularly in developing countries. As a first step, we performed a systematic review to identify the methods used to assess the economic impact of healthcare research, and the outcomes. Method An electronic search was conducted in relevant databases using a combination of specific keywords. In addition, 21 relevant Web sites were identified. Results The initial search yielded 8,416 articles. After studying titles, abstracts, and full texts, 18 articles were included in the analysis. Eleven other reports were found on Web sites. We found that the outcomes assessed as healthcare research payback included direct cost-savings, cost reductions in healthcare delivery systems, benefits from commercial advancement, and outcomes associated with improved health status. Two methods were used to study healthcare research payback: macro-economic studies, which examine the relationship between research studies and economic outcome at the aggregated level, and case studies, which examine specific research projects to assess economic impact. Conclusions Our study shows that different methods and outcomes can be used to assess the economic impacts of healthcare research. There is no unique methodological approach for the economic evaluation of such research. In our systematic search we found no research that had evaluated the economic return of research in low and middle income countries. We therefore recommend a consensus on practical guidelines at international level on the basis of more comprehensive methodologies (such as Canadian Academic of Health Science and payback frameworks) in order to build capacity, arrange for necessary informative infrastructures and promote necessary skills for economic evaluation studies. PMID:20196839

2010-01-01

100

Accelerator research studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our major goal in this experiment is to study the physics of a space-charge dominated beam propagating through a long, periodic transport channel consisting in our case of 38 solenoid lenses two of which are being used to match the beam from the gun into the periodic lattice. In addition, a small separate test stand gives us the capability of studying different electron gun designs including measurements of beam perveance and emittance, beam propagation in drift space and through a single solenoid lens. Most of our transport studies in the periodic channel have been conducted with a 5 keV, 200 mA electron beam from a gun with a 1-inch diameter thermionic cathode. The beam physics phenomena of greatest interest are instabilities due to resonant interaction between the beam and the periodic lattice, non-linear effects due to external forces (e.g., spherical lens aberrations) or due to nonuniform charge distributions, beam off-centering and misalignments which also include the effects of image forces. In principle, all of these effects may lead to emittance growth and beam loss. An important question is whether there exists a window of 100 percent transmission and minimal emittance growth in such a long periodic channel.

1988-03-01

101

Where Is the Literature in Evaluation on Managing Studies, Evaluators, and Evaluation Units?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of a multistage exploration of evaluation texts, electronic searches, and nominations from the field and from managing social science, the author concludes there is little research literature on managing evaluation studies, evaluators and other workers, and evaluation units. The discussion explores what this limited literature tells…

Compton, Donald W.

2009-01-01

102

SERVICE RESEARCH OUTCOME STUDY (SROS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Services Research Outcome Study (SROS) is a follow-up to the 1990 Drug Services Research Survey (DSRS). The SROS provided for a five year post-discharge follow-up of a broadly representative sample of approximately 3,000 drug clients treated during 1989 to 1990. The study asc...

103

Research Productivity and Student Evaluation of Teaching in Social Science Classes: A Research Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed data for 167 social sciences classes and 65 faculty members to study the relationship between faculty research productivity and student evaluations of teaching (SETs). A significant positive relationship between research productivity and SETs emerges when the distribution of citations is corrected for skewness. (SLD)

Stack, Steven

2003-01-01

104

Evaluating the Real-World Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy Efficacy Research on Eating Disorders: A Case Study from a Community-based Clinical Setting  

PubMed Central

Objective There is a growing consensus that there is a need to test the real-world effectiveness of eating disorder therapies that show promise in efficacy research. The current paper provides a narrative account of an NIMH-funded study that attempted to apply efficacy findings from CBT research to an Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) at the largest community-based eating disorder program in the United States. Method We describe the study as originally envisioned as well as the various challenges that the researchers and the IOP staff encountered in implementing this study. Results The different training, assumptions, and “ways of knowing” of the research team and the treatment staff in regard to the nature of eating disorders and their treatment created multiple challenges for both groups during the study period. We describe valuable lessons learned about how to - and how not to -implement effectiveness designs in clinical settings that are relatively unfamiliar with empirically-based research findings. Discussion It is hoped that our experience in attempting to apply efficacy-based research findings on eating disorders treatment in a community-based clinical setting will prove helpful to other researchers and service providers engaging in such translational research. PMID:20063375

Lowe, Michael R.; Bunnell, Douglas W.; Neeren, Amy M.; Chernyak, Yelena; Greberman, Laurel

2009-01-01

105

Study Designs in Clinical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In nephrology research, both observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are commonly applied. Clinicians using the evidence from epidemiological studies should be aware of the specific qualities and limitations of each study design. The purpose of the article is therefore to provide a brief overview of the range of study designs and to comment on the most important strengths

Marlies Noordzij; Friedo W. Dekker; Carmine Zoccali; Kitty J. Jager

2009-01-01

106

Research on evaluation techniques for immersive multimedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays Immersive Multimedia covers most usage in tremendous ways, such as healthcare/surgery, military, architecture, art, entertainment, education, business, media, sport, rehabilitation/treatment and training areas. Moreover, the significant of Immersive Multimedia to directly meet the end-users, clients and customers needs for a diversity of feature and purpose is the assembly of multiple elements that drive effective Immersive Multimedia system design, so evaluation techniques is crucial for Immersive Multimedia environments. A brief general idea of virtual environment (VE) context and `realism' concept that formulate the Immersive Multimedia environments is then provided. This is followed by a concise summary of the elements of VE assessment technique that is applied in Immersive Multimedia system design, which outlines the classification space for Immersive Multimedia environments evaluation techniques and gives an overview of the types of results reported. A particular focus is placed on the implications of the Immersive Multimedia environments evaluation techniques in relation to the elements of VE assessment technique, which is the primary purpose of producing this research. The paper will then conclude with an extensive overview of the recommendations emanating from the research.

Hashim, Aslinda M.; Romli, Fakaruddin Fahmi; Zainal Osman, Zosipha

2013-03-01

107

A case study of the Secure Anonymous Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway: A privacy-protecting remote access system for health-related research and evaluation?  

PubMed Central

With the current expansion of data linkage research, the challenge is to find the balance between preserving the privacy of person-level data whilst making these data accessible for use to their full potential. We describe a privacy-protecting safe haven and secure remote access system, referred to as the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) Gateway. The Gateway provides data users with a familiar Windows interface and their usual toolsets to access approved anonymously-linked datasets for research and evaluation. We outline the principles and operating model of the Gateway, the features provided to users within the secure environment, and how we are approaching the challenges of making data safely accessible to increasing numbers of research users. The Gateway represents a powerful analytical environment and has been designed to be scalable and adaptable to meet the needs of the rapidly growing data linkage community. PMID:24440148

Jones, Kerina H.; Ford, David V.; Jones, Chris; Dsilva, Rohan; Thompson, Simon; Brooks, Caroline J.; Heaven, Martin L.; Thayer, Daniel S.; McNerney, Cynthia L.; Lyons, Ronan A.

2014-01-01

108

Evaluating the ethical acceptability of animal research.  

PubMed

The ethical acceptability of animal research is typically evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Legislation such as Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes provides guidance for ethical evaluation of animal use proposals but does not dictate the outcome, leaving this determination to the ethical review committees of individual institutions. The authors assess different ethics models and how these are reflected in the guidelines of Directive 2010/63/EU. They also describe a matrix for carrying out harm-benefit analyses of animal use proposals, which they identified by examining the practices of three ethical review committees in the Netherlands. Finally, they discuss how this matrix can be applied by ethical review committees at other institutions. PMID:25333594

Bout, Henriëtte J; van Vlissingen, J Martje Fentener; Karssing, Edgar D

2014-10-21

109

FDA: Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is "to protect and enhance the public health through the regulation of biological and related products including blood, vaccines, allergenics, tissues, and cellular and gene therapies." Their mission is an important one, and consumers and scientists will want to bookmark this page and return to it on a regular basis. On this page, visitors can sign up for their RSS feed and read through some key resources. Users can also browse resources on biologics depending on their needs: consumer, healthcare and industry level information is provided.

110

Evaluation of an Emerging Research Center: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Problem statement Rigorous evaluation assures that research endeavors meet their purpose and achieve stated goals. This is especially true for federally funded exploratory research centers, which tend to be more complex due to the involvement of multiple, interdisciplinary investigators. This study provides an overview of the approach used to develop an evaluation strategy and reports the lessons learned during the initial development of the Center for Ohana Self-Management of Chronic Illness (COSMCI) at the University of Hawai’i at M?noa School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene. The COSMCI is composed of an interdisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners and aims to advance knowledge in the field of self management of chronic disease in the community setting. Approach A systematic approach was utilized that included formative and summative strategies for ongoing evaluation. The problem was solved by addressing five key concerns: (1) development of research structure, (2) observing the process of the research pilot projects, (3) scholarly activity of COSMCI faculty, (4) dissemination and translation and (5) sustainability prospects. The method of research included formulating process strategies and determine if the plans for developing the Center were followed and whether these plans were effective. Interviews were also conducted at year one and at mid-point though the project. Results Themes that emerged from our evaluation included inclusion, timelines, realistic expectations, ongoing evaluation and preparing for changes in the team. This provided timely recognition of successes and challenges and facilitated a rapid response for interventions especially during the early development stage of the center. Conclusion/Recommendations Effective development of a successful Center is highly dependent upon having a strong evaluation process in place that can inform ongoing development. An exploratory research center requires ongoing evaluation that allows for celebration of successes, as well as early identification of problems and rapid response. PMID:22485191

Nigg, C.R.; Qureshi, K.; Inouye, J.; Sy, A.; Sullivan, K.; Boland, M.G.

2012-01-01

111

Best Practice Research Scholarships: An Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Best Practice Research Scholarship programme (BPRS) was one of a series of initiatives designed by the English Department for Educational Studies (DfES) between 2000 and 2003, to support teachers' continuing professional development. Each year, around 1,000 Scholarships of up to 3,000 British pounds each, were awarded to serving classroom…

Furlong, John; Salisbury, Jane

2005-01-01

112

Development of Quality Criteria To Evaluate Nontherapeutic Studies of Incidence, Prevalence, or Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases: Pilot Study of New Checklists. Methods Research Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective was to develop two checklists for the quality of observational studies of incidence or risk factors of diseases. Initial development of the checklists was based on a systematic literature review. The checklists were refined after pilot trial...

D. Moher, G. Janes, G. Raman, M. Grant, M. Maglione, M. Nasser, M. R. Ansari, N. D. Berkman, R. L. Kane, T. A. Shamliyan

2011-01-01

113

Negotiating Researcher Roles in Ethnographic Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We argue for the value of postmodernism in illuminating the roles or subject positions of ethnographic program evaluators. Drawing upon data from an ethnographic study of a summer college readiness program for African American, Asian American, and Anglo youth, we explore how postmodern theories can provide insights into the multiple roles of…

Harklau, Linda; Norwood, Rachel

2005-01-01

114

Social Studies. Microsift Courseware Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of 17 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 1-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

115

Assessment of Multiple Outcomes: An Evaluation Research Study of a Compensatory Early Childhood Program (Child Parent Centers and Child Parent Expansion Program).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child Parent Centers (CPC) have been established in selected disadvantaged areas to provide systematic educational experiences for preschool children as young as three years of age. This study provides an update on the current state of the CPC and its latest adaption, the Child Parent Expansion (CPX) Program. A three-year, longitudinal evaluation

Eash, Maurice J.; And Others

116

FINAL REPORT ON HEAD START EVALUATION AND RESEARCH--1966-67 TO THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. SECTION VII, SENSORY AND PERCEPTUAL STUDIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THREE STUDIES OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ARE INCLUDED IN THIS EVALUATION REPORT. (1) "'NEURAL CONDUCTIVITY' AND ACHIEVEMENT IN CULTURALLY DEPRIVED STUDENTS." NEURAL CONDUCTIVITY WAS INFERRED FROM A CORRELATION BETWEEN PUPILLARY RESPONSE AND CHILDREN'S PRESCHOOL PERFORMANCE. COMPLICATIONS IN ACQUIRING AND USING THE NECESSARY EQUIPMENT RESULTED IN THE…

HOLMES, DAVID S.; AND OTHERS

117

FUNDAMENTAL COMBUSTION RESEARCH APPLIED TO POLLUTION FORMATION. VOLUME 3. SUPPORT STUDIES: MEASUREMENT STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The report, one of four volumes describing research performed under EPA's Fundamental Combustion Research (FCR) Applied to Pollution Formation Program, gives results of three studies related to measurement system evaluations. Section I documents an evaluation of the performance a...

118

In Retrospect, 1980-81: Special Education Research. Special Education Research and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual presents a composite of final reports of seven special education research and evaluation studies undertaken by the Dallas Independent School District in 1980-81. Each report contains information on program objectives, sampling, design, and outcomes. Topics covered include the development of a special education computerized information…

Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

119

ATBC Study - Research Collaboration Procedures  

Cancer.gov

The two international partners of this project - the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Institute for Health and Welfare of Finland (THL) - have primary responsibility for project research management, coordination, and oversight. The Nutritional Epidemiology Branch (NEB) represents the NCI in this regard. Study proposals for collaboration are submitted to the NCI or NPHI Principal Investigators (Dr. Albanes and Dr. Virtamo, respectively), and are reviewed at both institutions.

120

Studying Evaluation Utilization through Simulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of studies using simulation for the study of evaluation utilization is reviewed. Communication theory is used as the conceptual framework to interpret the potential influences on utilization. Implications for the practitioners are discussed. (Author/GK)

Braskamp, Larry A.; And Others

1982-01-01

121

Development of a Tactical Guidance Research and Evaluation System (TGRES)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a simulation tool for tactical guidance research and the evaluation of systems performance in a tactically significant environment is described. The objective of the tool is to provide a means by which researchers can explore and exploit enhancements to airplane agility. The completed tool will include high-fidelity batch and piloted simulation capabilities, an advanced tactical guidance logic and a user-friendly interface. While the tool is being developed for the purpose of studying airplane agility, its modularity should make it easily adaptable to the analysis of other technologies and thus be of interest to a number of potential users.

Goodrich, Kenneth H.; McManus, John W.

1989-01-01

122

Research and Evaluation in the Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines reasons for the lack of research being conducted by speech-language pathologists and audiologists in the public schools and points out advantages of that setting as a research site. (Author)

Laney, Mary D.

1982-01-01

123

Fundamentals of Evaluation Research in Vocational Rehabilitation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This self - instruction manual is designed to introduce program evaluation concepts and terminology to beginning program evaluators. The emphases and applications are in the context of the State - Federal vocational rehabilitation program. The focus is to...

D. W. Cook, P. G. Cooper

1978-01-01

124

Enabling research in care homes: an evaluation of a national network of research ready care homes  

PubMed Central

Background In the UK care homes are one of the main providers of long term care for older people with dementia. Despite the recent increase in care home research, residents with dementia are often excluded from studies. Care home research networks have been recommended by the Ministerial Advisory Group on Dementia Research (MAGDR) as a way of increasing research opportunities for residents with dementia. This paper reports on an evaluation of the feasibility and early impact of an initiative to increase care home participation in research. Methods A two phase, mixed methods approach was used; phase 1 established a baseline of current and recent studies including the National Institute for Health Research portfolio. To explore the experiences of recruiting care homes and research participation, interviews were conducted with researchers working for the Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Network (DeNDRoN) and care home managers. In phase 2, four DeNDRoN area offices recruited care homes to a care home network for their region. The care home networks were separate from the DeNDRoN research network. Diaries were used to document and cost recruitment; DeNDRoN staff were interviewed to understand the barriers, facilitators and impact of the care home networks. Results Thirty three current or recent studies were identified as involving care homes as care home specific studies or those which included residents. Further details of care home recruitment were obtained on 20 studies by contacting study teams. Care home managers were keen to be involved in research that provided staff support, benefits for residents and with minimal disruption. In phase 2, 141 care homes were recruited to the care home research networks, through corporate engagement and individual invitation. Pre-existing relationships with care homes facilitated recruitment. Sites with minimal experience of working with care homes identified the need for care home training for researchers. Conclusions Phase 1 review revealed a small but increasing number of studies involving care homes. Phase 2 demonstrated the feasibility of care home research networks, their potential to increase recruitment to research and develop partnerships between health services and care homes, but highlighted the need for care home training for researchers. PMID:24708761

2014-01-01

125

SEER 2008 Keynote Address: The Importance of Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the keynote address given by Katherine J. Pinch at the 2008 Annual Symposium on Experiential Education Research (SEER). Pinch discusses the importance of evaluation research and argues that the realm of evaluation is where the margins of research and practice have the potential to intersect with the greatest ease. She…

Pinch, Katherine J.

2009-01-01

126

[Methods of health economic evaluation for health services research].  

PubMed

On August 30, 2010, the German Network for Health Services Research [Deutsches Netzwerk Versorgungsforschung e. V. (DNVF e. V.)] approved the Memorandum III "Methods for Health Services Research", supported by the member societies mentioned as authors and published in this Journal [Gesundheitswesen 2010; 72: 739-748]. The present paper focuses on methodological issues of economic evaluation of health care technologies. It complements the Memorandum III "Methods for Health Services Research", part 2. First, general methodological principles of the economic evaluations of health care technologies are outlined. In order to adequately reflect costs and outcomes of health care interventions in the routine health care, data from different sources are required (e. g., comparative efficacy or effectiveness studies, registers, administrative data, etc.). Therefore, various data sources, which might be used for economic evaluations, are presented, and their strengths and limitations are stated. Finally, the need for methodological advancement with regard to data collection and analysis and issues pertaining to communication and dissemination of results of health economic evaluations are discussed. PMID:20865653

Icks, A; Chernyak, N; Bestehorn, K; Brüggenjürgen, B; Bruns, J; Damm, O; Dintsios, C-M; Dreinhöfer, K; Gandjour, A; Gerber, A; Greiner, W; Hermanek, P; Hessel, F; Heymann, R; Huppertz, E; Jacke, C; Kächele, H; Kilian, R; Klingenberger, D; Kolominsky-Rabas, P; Krämer, H; Krauth, C; Lüngen, M; Neumann, T; Porzsolt, F; Prenzler, A; Pueschner, F; Riedel, R; Rüther, A; Salize, H J; Scharnetzky, E; Schwerd, W; Selbmann, H-K; Siebert, H; Stengel, D; Stock, S; Völler, H; Wasem, J; Schrappe, M

2010-12-01

127

75 FR 35816 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation. The...g)(1) of Public Law 92-463 to convene an...carrying out the independent research. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, e-mail...g)(1) of Public Law 92-463 to convene...

2010-06-23

128

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presents a representative selection of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. The 10 papers are: (1) "A Decade of Gang Research: Findings of the National Institute of Justice Gang Portfolio" (Scott H. Decker); (2) "The Evolution of Street Gangs: An Examination of Form and Variation"…

Reed, Winifred L., Ed.; Decker, Scott H., Ed.

129

RESEARCH Open Access Economic evaluation of health consequences of  

E-print Network

of neurodevelopmental deficits in children. Keywords: Economic evaluation, Methylmercury, Prenatal exposureRESEARCH Open Access Economic evaluation of health consequences of prenatal methylmercury exposure: Evidence of a dose­response relationship between prenatal exposure to methylmercury (Me

Boyer, Edmond

130

Portfolio evaluation of advanced coal technology : research, development, and demonstration  

E-print Network

This paper evaluates the advanced coal technology research, development and demonstration programs at the U.S. Department of Energy since the 1970s. The evaluation is conducted from a portfolio point of view and derives ...

Naga-Jones, Ayaka

2005-01-01

131

Business Research Methods: A Study Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study guide provides an overview and model of business research. First, introductory material defines research and discusses the benefits of studying business research methods for both producers and consumers of research. In the next section different types of research are discussed, including experimental, ex post facto, quasi-experimental,…

Dawson, George

132

Doctor of Applied Social Research Dementia Studies Pathway  

E-print Network

for experienced professionals whose work may require them to design, commission, evaluate or interpret researchDASR Doctor of Applied Social Research Dementia Studies Pathway · The programme is intended that underpin research in their field of expertise; - To develop understanding of the relationship between

Little, Tony

133

Some Observations on the Relationships Between Research Productivity and Student Evaluations of Courses and Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Does the good researcher tend to be a good teacher, and vice versa?" University administrators contend that teaching and research are equally important, though students claim that researchers neglect teaching and professors claim that only their research efforts are rewarded. In this study, course and instructor evaluations were defined by scores…

Stallings, William A.; Singhal, Sushila

134

An evaluation of the 'Designated Research Team' approach to building research capacity in primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This paper describes an evaluation of an initiative to increase the research capability of clinical groups in primary and community care settings in a region of the United Kingdom. The 'designated research team' (DRT) approach was evaluated using indicators derived from a framework of six principles for research capacity building (RCB) which include: building skills and confidence, relevance to

Jo Cooke; Susan Nancarrow; Jane Dyas; Martin Williams

2008-01-01

135

Research Performance Evaluation: Some Critical Thoughts on Standard Bibliometric Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliometric methodology is an established technique for research evaluation as it offers an objective determination and comparison of research performance. This paper aims to critically assess some standard bibliometric indicators commonly used (based on publication and citation counts) to evaluate academic units, and examine whether there…

Anninos, Loukas N.

2014-01-01

136

Evaluating the Level of Evidence of Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guidelines for evaluating the levels of evidence based on quantitative research are well established. However, the same cannot be said for the evaluation of qualitative research. This article discusses a process members of an evidence-based clinical practice guideline development team with the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses used to create a scoring system to determine the strength

Sandra Cesario; Karen Morin; Anne Santa-Donato

137

Ethically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving the Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in  

E-print Network

Ethically Evaluating Research involving theEthically Evaluating Research involving the Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in Nonhuman PrimatesNonhuman Primates Engraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells inEngraftment of Human Neural Stem Cells in Nonhuman PrimatesNonhuman Primates

Streiffer, Robert

138

Social Penetration: A Description, Research, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social penetration has been described by S.W. Littlejohn (1992) as "the process of increasing disclosure and intimacy in a relationship." The phrase "social penetration" originated with I. Altman and D. Taylor, the foremost researchers in this area. From other theories, Altman and Taylor developed a unified theory which provided a stable base from…

Allensworth, Nicole J.

139

Evaluation of Classified Employees. Research into Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation is an important tool to develop and retain skilled employees. It should be used to recognize employees that are performing well, to identify areas for growth and to provide employees with clear, explicit feedback about their performance. An agreed upon appraisal system lets employees know what is expected, what is recognized and…

Williamson, Ronald

2012-01-01

140

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Guidance Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage is a collection of all the guidance documents created by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. The documents represent what the agency considers good practices. Documents are available on subjects from Compliance and Drug Safety to Current Good Manufacturing Practices and Advertising. The page organizes the documents by subject, allowing one to quickly navigate to the particular subject they are interested in. This site would be useful for anyone studying the pharmaceutical industry as well as for teachers in the discipline. Most documents are available in HTML or PDF, with some being optionally available in Microsoft Word format.

2006-12-03

141

PART III. EVALUATION OF RESEARCH-BASED TEACHING METHODS  

E-print Network

253 PART III. EVALUATION OF RESEARCH-BASED TEACHING METHODS Chapter 8. Courses, Teaching Methods as they are at the developing institution. Each of the three research-based teaching methods discussed in this chapter have. The three research-based teaching methods discussed in the next session were developed at University

Maryland at College Park, University of

142

Situated Research Design and Methodological Choices in Formative Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design-based implementation research offers the opportunity to rethink the relationships between intervention, research, and situation to better attune research and evaluation to the program development process. Using a heuristic called the intervention development curve, I describe the rough trajectory that programs typically follow as they…

Supovitz, Jonathan

2013-01-01

143

Research Steps Towards Human Sequence Evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human Sequence Evaluation (HSE) concentrates on how to extract descriptions of human behaviour from videos in a restricted discourse domain, such as (i) pedestrians crossing inner-city roads where pedestrians appear approaching or waiting at stops of busses or trams, and (ii) humans in indoor worlds like an airport hall, a train station, or a lobby. These discourse domains allow exploring a coherent evaluation of human movements and facial expressions across a wide variation of scale. This general approach lends itself to various cognitive surveillance scenarios at varying degrees of resolution: from wide-field-of-view multiple-agent scenes, through to more specific inferences of emotional state that could be elicited from high resolution imagery of faces. The true challenge of HSE will consist of the development of a system facility which starts with basic knowledge about pedestrian behaviour in the chosen discourse domain, but could cluster evaluation results into semantically meaningful subsets of behaviours. The envisaged system will comprise an internal logic-based representation which enables it to comment each individual subset, giving natural language explanations of why the system has created the subset in question.

Gonzàlez, Jordi; Roca, F. Xavier; Villanueva, Juan J.

144

Research Methods and Intelligibility Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper first briefly reviews the concept of intelligibility as it has been employed in both English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) and world Englishes (WE) research. It then examines the findings of the Lingua Franca Core (LFC), a list of phonological features that empirical research has shown to be important for safeguarding mutual intelligibility…

Sewell, Andrew

2010-01-01

145

New Research Casts Doubt on Value of Student Evaluations of Professors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A University of Washington study that found professors who are easy graders receive better evaluations than those who are tougher, and another study showing faculty enthusiasm alone raises student evaluations, have shaken a long-standing consensus among researchers that student evaluations are a good measure of a teacher's skills. Most…

Wilson, Robin

1998-01-01

146

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

147

Practical Considerations and Alternative Research Methods for Evaluating HR Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Program evaluation methods capitalizing on quasi-experimental designs are introduced as useful alternatives for evaluating human resources (HR) programs such as selection systems, training courses, performance measurement systems, and 360 degree feedback. A case study is presented to illustrate the benefits of program evaluation methods for evaluating HR programs. In addition, several post-hoc considerations that often moderate results from HR evaluations

Dale S. Rose; Karen E. Fiore

1999-01-01

148

BIQSFP-12-CEA-Study-Evaluation-Template  

Cancer.gov

BIQSFP ‘12 (Biomarker, Imaging, & Quality of Life Studies Funding Program) COST- EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS (CEA) Study Evaluation Template BIQSFP ‘12 CEA Study Evaluation Template 3/11,3/12 STUDY EVALUATION TEMPLATE Cost-Effectiveness

149

Understanding and evaluating historical sources in nursing history research.  

PubMed

All nurse researchers need to address, in the manner most appropriate to their research methodology, issues of quality related to their research material. This concern is not about the care needed in generating data, rather it relates to understanding and evaluating material that already exists. This article describes four historical sources relevant to the history of nursing in New Zealand and uses them to explain how nurse researchers can evaluate their research material. The dimensions of this evaluation are the provenance, purpose, context, veracity and usefulness of the historical sources. The article explains the questions that need to be addressed in each dimension of the evaluation. The different kinds of information available in the four historical sources are illustrated by references to individual nurses. PMID:21710912

Wood, Pamela J

2011-04-01

150

Research strategies for behavioral teratology studies.  

PubMed Central

Several compelling aruguments have been advanced in support of expanding the use of "behavioral teratology" evaluations as routine components of toxicologic screening procedures. As a basis for development of effective behavioral teratology screening approaches, a conceptual framework is presented which interrelates: (1) changes in relative functional brain capacity with age, (2) possible times and durations of exposures to environmental insults, and (3) various types of toxicity testing procedures carried out at appropriate time points in relation to different exposure period. Within the context, several research strategies for behavioral teratology studies are concisely posed and evaluated. These include: (1) clinical hypothesis testing, where particular effect(s) of a given agent are evaluated based on hypotheses derived from clinical or epidemiological observations; (2) comprehensive screening approaches, where multifaceted, long-term longitudinal neurobehavioral evaluations are employed to assess whether any of a large number of possible deletarious effects are exerted by an agent and at what threshold exposure levels; (3) alternative screening heuristics, by which adequate assessments of neurobehavioral toxicity of various agents may be accomplished without completion of more exhaustive, but also more expensive and time-consuming comprehensive screening protocols. PMID:1030403

Grant, L D

1976-01-01

151

Fenestration System Performance Research, Testing, and Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The US DOE was and is instrumental to NFRC's beginning and its continued success. The 2005 to 2009 funding enables NFRC to continue expanding and create new, improved ratings procedures. Research funded by the US DOE enables increased fenestration energy rating accuracy. International harmonization efforts supported by the US DOE allow the US to be the global leader in fenestration energy ratings. Many other governments are working with the NFRC to share its experience and knowledge toward development of their own national fenestration rating process similar to the NFRC's. The broad and diverse membership composition of NFRC allows anyone with a fenestration interest to come forward with an idea or improvement to the entire fenestration community for consideration. The NFRC looks forward to the next several years of growth while remaining the nation's resource for fair, accurate, and credible fenestration product energy ratings. NFRC continues to improve its rating system by considering new research, methodologies, and expanding to include new fenestration products. Currently, NFRC is working towards attachment energy ratings. Attachments are blinds, shades, awnings, and overhangs. Attachments may enable a building to achieve significant energy savings. An NFRC rating will enable fair competition, a basis for code references, and a new ENERGY STAR product category. NFRC also is developing rating methods to consider non specular glazing such as fritted glass. Commercial applications frequently use fritted glazing, but no rating method exists. NFRC is testing new software that may enable this new rating and contribute further to energy conservation. Around the world, many nations are seeking new energy conservation methods and NFRC is poised to harmonize its rating system assisting these nations to better manage and conserve energy in buildings by using NFRC rated and labeled fenestration products. As this report has shown, much more work needs to be done to continues research to improve existing ratings and develop new ones. NFRC needs to continue the work it has begun in several nations to implement the NFRC rating system that has been introduced. Many nations are eager to accept the expertise NFRC can offer to achieve energy conservation goals. NFRC looks forward to a continues partnership with the US Department of Energy to cooperatively achieve both.

Jim Benney

2009-11-30

152

The Stuttering Treatment Research Evaluation and Assessment Tool (STREAT): Evaluating Treatment Research as Part of Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article presents, and explains the issues behind, the Stuttering Treatment Research Evaluation and Assessment Tool (STREAT), an instrument created to assist clinicians, researchers, students, and other readers in the process of critically appraising reports of stuttering treatment research. Method: The STREAT was developed by…

Davidow, Jason H.; Bothe, Anne K.; Bramlett, Robin E.

2006-01-01

153

ABRF-MARG RESEARCH STUDY: EVALUATION OF SMALL SAMPLE NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING  

EPA Science Inventory

Microarrays have had a significant impact on many areas of biology. However, there are still many fertile research areas that would benefit from microarray analysis but are limited by the amount of biological material that can be obtained (e.g. samples obtained by small biopsy, f...

154

Evaluation of the National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program (IGERT): Follow-Up Study of IGERT Graduates. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) program supports students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields who participate in university-developed interdisciplinary graduate training experiences. Faculty members at each IGERT site develop a series of education…

Carney, Jennifer; Martinez, Alina; Dreier, John; Neishi, Kristen; Parsad, Amanda

2011-01-01

155

Homeopathy – what are the active ingredients? An exploratory study using the UK Medical Research Council's framework for the evaluation of complex interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Research in homeopathy has traditionally addressed itself to defining the effectiveness of homeopathic potencies in comparison to placebo medication. There is now increasing awareness that the homeopathic consultation is in itself a therapeutic intervention working independently or synergistically with the prescribed remedy. Our objective was to identify and evalute potential \\

Trevor DB Thompson; Marjorie Weiss

2006-01-01

156

Action Research to Evaluate Student Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How do you know if your students are really learning the concepts you are presenting? Data from assessments help answer the question but what data do you examine? Is the information best found in the overall class average on tests, the number of students who did not score at a "passing" grade, how well the grades fit a bell curve, or how many students scored C or better? Teachers and administrators look at these statistics to determine the effectiveness of instructional strategies and student achievement. High-stakes testing uses overall scores as the determining factor for assigning credit to students, determining promotion or retention, allowing acceptance into programs or institutions, and evaluating the overall effectiveness of instructional practice. Yet composite scores alone do not address the question about which concepts the students are mastering. Specific data are needed to identify the problem areas and determine the approaches to best help students achieve mastery.

Blanton, Patricia

2003-04-01

157

The Need for Comparative Research in Developmental Textbooks: A Review and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that current animal research enables students to understand basic developmental principles. Presents results from a study that evaluated the content of 24 developmental textbooks published between 1995 and 2000, demonstrating that older studies are typically used. (CMK)

Eaton, Rebecca F.; Sleigh, Merry J.

2002-01-01

158

A Research Methodology for Future Summative Evaluation Studies: Incorporating the Component of Multiple Sets of Matched Samples into the Statistical Control Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summative evaluations have often been undertaken to determine the impact of educational programs on student academic achievement employing a quasi-experimental design. The summative finding is expected to be less misleading if a statistical model is performed on a dataset including a sound matched sample as a control group. This is because an…

Li, Yuan H.; Modarresi, Shahpar; Yang, Yu N.

2006-01-01

159

A Review of Research and Evaluation Literature on Outward Bound and Related Educational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a rapid scanning of the state of the art of research and evaluation of Outward Bound and related educational programs. Initial comments outline criteria for assessing internal and external validity of studies. Distinctions are made between research, evaluation, measurement, judgement, and public relations. The work of Rosen,…

Godfrey, Robert

160

Geologic evaluation: Peake Energy, Inc. , No. 753 GRI comprehensive study well No. 5, Jackson County, West Virginia. Topical research report, June 1988-December 1990  

SciTech Connect

Devonian shale gas production from individual wells in the CSW5 research area varies according to the disposition of natural fractures intersected by the wellbore. The degree of thermal maturity of the black shales and amount of organic carbon contained in them provide the gas generating capacity necessary to sustain production. Northwest-to-southeast and northeast-to-southwest oriented, partially mineralized natural fractures seem to provide the permeable pathways necessary for the best gas production. Some of these fractures appear to have vertical limitations specifically within the oldest black shale bed of the Lower Huron Member, which is also the primary shale gas-producing interval in the research area. The fracture network probably was enhanced by flexure of the black shales across deep-seated basement faults, that form the Evans Flexure, and by possible overpressuring during hydrocarbon generation. Future shale wells should be located in areas with the highest composite of organic carbon content and thermal maturity.

Falleur, J.P.; Lowry, P.H.; Brown, R.W.; Kubik, W.T.

1991-11-01

161

Research Article Evaluation of Noninvasive Genetic Sampling  

E-print Network

genetic sampling, Puma concolor, radio-collar, snow tracking, Yellowstone National Park. Reliable. Carnivores such as cougars (Puma concolor) are particularly difficult to study due to their large home ranges State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA ABSTRACT Conventional methods for monitoring cougar, Puma

Kalinowski, Steven T

162

Evaluating Public Participation Exercises: A Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The concept of public participation is one of growing interest in the UK and elsewhere, with a commensurate growth in mechanisms to enable this. The merits of participation, however, are difficult to ascertain, as there are relatively few cases in which the effectiveness of participation exercises have been studied in a structured (as opposed to highly subjective) manner. This

Gene Rowe; L. J. Frewer

2004-01-01

163

LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM CASE STUDIES  

E-print Network

Providing night lighting and occupancy-based lighting control, the WN-100 Motion Sensor Nightlight delivers) partnered in research to develop a Bathroom Lighting Control System, the WN-100 Motion Sensor Nightlight in this report. #12;Installation-related Costs New Construction: The WN-100 Motion Sensor Nightlight requires

164

9 CFR 104.4 - Products for research and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...including composition of medium, species of animals or cell cultures involved, degree of inactivation or attenuation...producer for a small quantity of such product for in vitro Research and Evaluation tests: Provided, That,...

2010-01-01

165

9 CFR 104.4 - Products for research and evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...including composition of medium, species of animals or cell cultures involved, degree of inactivation or attenuation...producer for a small quantity of such product for in vitro Research and Evaluation tests: Provided, That,...

2011-01-01

166

Design and evaluation of a widget-based dashboard for awareness support in Research Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we describe the rationale, design and evaluation of a widget-based dashboard to support scholars’ awareness of their Research Networks. We introduce the concept of a Research Network and discuss Personal Research Environments that are built of as a development parallel to Personal Learning Environments. Based on the results of an international interview study, we report on the

Wolfgang Reinhardt; Christian Mletzko; Hendrik Drachsler; Peter B. Sloep

2012-01-01

167

An Evaluation of Student Nurses' Experiences of Being a Researcher in a Mental Health Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of 12 mental health nursing students' participation in research showed that all felt reasonably or completely prepared by a research training workshop and handbook; 75% believed that their research experience greatly helped their understanding of the process, ethical issues, and knowledge of the population and increased their…

Davies, Paul D.; Lado, Amode; Northway, Ruth; Bennett, Glynys; Williams, Robert; Moseley, Lawrence; Mead, Donna

2002-01-01

168

Project Head Start Research and Evaluation Center, Syracuse University Research Institute. Final Report, November 1, 1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the research activities of the Syracuse University Evaluation and Research Center for the year September 1, 1966 through August 31, 1967. This final report is organized on the basis of six research projects, which have been abstracted under the following titles and numbers: (1) Experiments in Grammatical Processing in…

Hall, Vernon; And Others

169

EPA Research Evaluating CAFO Impacts on Ground Water Quality  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of several projects will be presented on a research program currently underway at ORD?s Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Division (GWERD) to evaluate CAFO impacts on ground water quality. The overall research objectives are to characterize the potential for gro...

170

RESEARCH Open Access Multiple-center evaluation of mortality associated  

E-print Network

impediment to epidemiological research in the field, the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Group (ADQIG) [3RESEARCH Open Access Multiple-center evaluation of mortality associated with acute kidney injury information is available at the end of the article Clec'h et al. Critical Care 2011, 15:R128 http

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

Evaluating the Performance of Calculus Classes Using Operational Research Tools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the efficiency of calculus classes and evaluates two kinds of classes: traditional and others that use computational methods in teaching. Applies quantitative evaluation methods using two operational research tools, multicriteria decision aid methods (mainly using the MACBETH approach) and data development analysis. (Author/YDS)

Soares de Mello, Joao Carlos C. B.; Lins, Marcos P. E.; Soares de Mello, Maria Helena C.; Gomes, Eliane G.

2002-01-01

172

The Multiple Baseline Design for Evaluating Population-Based Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need for pragmatic and rigorous research designs to evaluate the effectiveness of population-based health interventions. The randomized controlled trial (RCT) has limitations in its practicality, ethical appropriateness, and cost when evaluating population- based interventions. Like RCTs, the multiple baseline design can demonstrate that a change in behavior has occurred, the change is a result of the intervention,

Nathan G. Hawkins; Robert W. Sanson-Fisher; Anthony Shakeshaft; Catherine D’Este; Lawrence W. Green

2007-01-01

173

Research Report The Evaluation of Raw Milk As A  

E-print Network

0 Research Report The Evaluation of Raw Milk As A Pasture Biostimulant 2012 � 2013 Support Extension #12;1 The Evaluation of Raw Milk as a Pasture Biostimulant By Bridgett Jamison Hilshey, Graduate examples. Raw cow milk has been suggested as an effective pasture biostimulant. Raw milk has been used

Hayden, Nancy J.

174

Research and Evaluation at John Adams High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We at Adams have committed ourselves (1) to search for new ways to make the inquiry into our own activities and the evaluation of our programs relevant and consistent with our notions of humanistic and personal education, and (2) to seek a mechanism for using research and evaluation to improve the operation of the school at every level and for…

Adams High School, Portland, OR.

175

ATBC Study - Research Consortium Projects  

Cancer.gov

In collaboration with other extramural and intramural studies, the ATBC Study participates in several large consortium projects of nutritional and other environmental factors, candidate genes and pathways, and genome-wide association studies, contributing scientific expertise, data and cohort resources, and intramural support to these investigations. Several of the projects are described here.

176

Research study of pressure instrumentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To obtain a more vibration resistant pressure sensor for use on the Space Shuttle Main Engine, a proximity probe based, diaphragm type pressure sensor breadboard was developed. A fiber optic proximity probe was selected as the sensor. In combination with existing electronics, a thermal stability evaluation of the entire probe system was made. Based upon the results, a breadboard design of the pressure sensor and electronics was made and fabricated. A brief series of functional experiments was made with the breadboard to calibrate, thermally compensate, and linearize its response. In these experiments, the performance obtained in the temperature range of -320 F (liquid N2) to +200 F was comparable to that of the strain gage based sensor presently in use on the engine. In tests at NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), after some time at or near liquid nitrogen temperatures, the sensor output varied over the entire output range. These large spurious signals were attributed to condensation of air in the sensing gap. In the next phase of development of this sensor, an evaluation of fabrication techniques toward greater thermal and mechanical stability of the fiber probe assembly must be made. In addition to this, a positive optics to metal seal must be developed to withstand the pressure that would result from a diaphragm failure.

Hoogenboom, L.; Hull-Allen, G.

1984-01-01

177

The Great Parking Debate A Research Methods Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two friends debate whether people leave their parking spaces faster if others are waiting. They decide to see if they can design a study to test their ideas.  In this interrupted case study, students develop a research question and hypothesis and consider how to test a hypothesis. Students read about what researchers have done to answer the research question and identify and evaluate different research designs. Students are also asked to evaluate data. Developed for a use in an introductory psychology course to cover terms and concepts related to research methods, the case could be used in other introductory science classes, early in research methods courses, or in upper-level social science courses.

Feenstra, Jennifer

2011-01-01

178

Research Methods for Genetic Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter introduces the basic concepts of genes and genetic studies to clinicians. Some of the relevant methods and issues\\u000a in genetic epidemiology studies are briefly discussed with an emphasis on single nucleotide polymorphism based association\\u000a studies which are currently the main focus of clinical and translational genetics.\\u000a \\u000a Genetics is the fundamental basis of any organism so understanding of genetics

Sadeep Shrestha; Donna K. Arnett

179

A comparative method of evaluating quality of international clinical studies in China: Analysis of site visit reports of the Clinical Research Operations and Monitoring Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the extremely competitive market, the pharmaceutical industry has been conducting clinical drug studies in emerging markets such as Russia, India and China, and submits data for new drug approval. But whether or not they follow the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) and Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines remains a critical concern to FDA. Site visit reports of the

Jason J. Chang; Jianqing Xu; Daimin Fan

2008-01-01

180

Hispanic Studies Research Seminar Series  

E-print Network

Exhibition of 1889 in the popular press." Wed. 24 Oct., JW G.03, 5pm Jo Evans (University College London Lecture `Galdós and 1812' Wed. 5 Dec. Stacey Dunlea (PhD student in Hispanic Studies, University

Oakley, Jeremy

181

Research studies with the International Ultraviolet Explorer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IUE research studies comprises 118 separate research programs involving observations, data analysis, and research conducted of the IUE satellite and the NASA Astrophysics Data Program. Herein are presented 92 programs. For each program there is a title, program ID, name of the investigator, statement of work, summary of results, and list of publications.

1991-01-01

182

Research melter feed additives study  

SciTech Connect

The 774-A Research Melter recently completed a series of runs to determine a feed additive capable of increasing the glass melting rate. The experimental plan was based upon operating experiences during West Valley Nuclear Corporation's pilot plant campaigns. Their observations had yielded a correlation of soluble calcium vs glass melting rate. The test plan included three runs using Sludge-Only Frit 165 based feed and three runs designed to vary the amount of soluble calcium. Nitric acid was added to increase the soluble calcium and duplicate the West Valley pilot plant operation, sodium fluoride was added to reduce the soluble calcium (while not reducing the pH), and sodium nitrate was added to check for nitrate effects. The feed treated with nitric acid melted 50% faster than any other material. Nitric acid as a feed additive may allow the glass to become more oxidizing with a less likelihood of forming metals in the glass melt. 2 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Carter, J.T.

1987-05-29

183

Volunteers needed for Research study  

E-print Network

School seek healthy volunteers to participate in a study on the effects of genes on brain function between genes and brain function, then, for more details please Contact: (617) 643-7273 or genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617-643-7273 genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617-643-7273 genes.brain@gmail.com MGHStudy 617

Bar, Moshe

184

Job Placement Services Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A mailout questionnaire was used in a study which focused on three areas of inquiry: (1) Needs assessment for job placement programs in public schools as viewed by superintendents of school districts and vocational administrators of occupational programs, (2) assessment of the perceived and established benefits of a placement program from the…

McLeod, Pat N.; Tobias, Jeanette

185

Toward Better Research on--and Thinking about--Evaluation Influence, Especially in Multisite Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation is typically carried out with the intention of making a difference in the understandings and actions of stakeholders and decision makers. The author provides a general review of the concepts of evaluation "use," evaluation "influence," and "influence pathways," with connections to multisite evaluations. The study of evaluation influence…

Mark, Melvin M.

2011-01-01

186

Resources For Methods In Evaluation And Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website offers a substantial annotated listing of "resources for methods in evaluation and social research." The focus is on "how-to" do evaluation research and the methods used: surveys, focus groups, sampling, interviews, and other methods. Most of these links are to resources that can be read over the Web. A few, like the GAO (General Accounting Office) books, are for resources that can be sent away for, in this case, books that are free for US residents. The materials, which are clearly organized by the table of contents, have been compiled privately by Gene Shackman, a research scientist in the Analysis and Evaluation Unit at the New York State Department of Health.

187

Research evaluation and competition for academic positions in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Citation analysis is widely used to evaluate the performance of individual researchers, journals, and universities. Its outcome plays a crucial role in the decision-making process of ranking applicants for an academic position. A number of indicators, including the h-index reflecting both scientific productivity and its relevance in medical fields, are available through the Web of Knowledge( sm ) and Scopus®. In the field of occupational medicine, the adoption of the h-index in assessing the value of core journals shows some advantages compared with traditional bibliometrics and may encourage researchers to submit their papers. Although evaluation of the overall individual performance for academic positions should assess several aspects, scientific performance is usually based on citation analysis indicators. Younger researchers should be aware of the new approach based on transparent threshold rules for career promotion and need to understand the new evaluation systems based on metrics. PMID:23428063

Franco, Giuliano

2013-01-01

188

Case study research methods for theory building  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a new definition for case study research. Achieving deep understanding of processes and other concept variables (e.g. actors’ perceptions of their own thinking processes, intentions and contextual influences) is identified as the principal objective of case study research. Using multiple methods to “triangulate” (i.e. confirm and deepen understanding by using multiple sources all focusing on the same

Arch G. Woodside; Elizabeth J. Wilson

2003-01-01

189

Lesson Study for Professional Development and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we demonstrate that "lesson study" may be adapted from its primary use as a professional development strategy for use as a research strategy, especially to identify principles of good lesson design. We report on a project undertaken in two Australian secondary schools where lesson study research was used to investigate the design of…

Pierce, Robyn; Stacey, Kaye

2011-01-01

190

REVIEW OF RESEARCH STUDIES IN SCIENCE EDUCATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SECONDARY SCHOOL SCIENCE EDUCATION RESEARCH STUDIES CONDUCTED DURING 1963-65 ARE REVIEWED AND COMPARED WITH THOSE REVIEWED DURING 1961-63. TITLES OF 195 RESEARCH REPORTS WERE OBTAINED FROM PERIODICALS, SERIAL AND NONSERIAL BULLETINS, AND INDEXES. ABSTRACTS OF 125 DOCUMENTS WERE OBTAINED AND REVIEWED BY A COMMITTEE. THE STUDIES WERE CLASSIFIED AS…

TAYLOR, WAYNE; AND OTHERS

191

Magnetic resonance neurography research: evaluation of its effectiveness.  

PubMed

Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) is a specialized technique that is rapidly becoming part of the diagnostic algorithm of peripheral nerve pathology. However, in order for this modality to be considered appropriate, its value compared with current methods of diagnosis should be established. Therefore, radiologists involved in MRN research should use appropriate methodology to evaluate MRN's effectiveness with a multidisciplinary approach. This article reviews the various tiers of research available to assess the clinical value of a diagnostic modality with an emphasis on how to evaluate the impact of MRN on diagnostic thinking and therapeutic decisions. PMID:24210324

Thawait, Gaurav K; Chhabra, Avneesh; Carrino, John A; Eng, John

2014-02-01

192

Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Research/Monitoring/Evaluation/Data Management/ Reporting  

E-print Network

2009 Fish and Wildlife Program Section Section D. 9 Title: Monitoring, Evaluation, Research1 Staff summary of Issues & Recommendations Research/Monitoring/Evaluation/Data Management ­ Mainstem Monitoring and Evaluation, and Research (pg 53) Section VIII H Title: Implementation Provisions

193

75 FR 34452 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Data Standards Plan; Availability for Comment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). The draft plan...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration...submissions, and a robust computational infrastructure would...

2010-06-17

194

Evaluating research projects at toshiba. Designing a conceptual framework of evaluating research and technology development (RTD) programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Toshiba, a broadly-based electric\\/electronics manufacturer, operates diversified businesses. A sophisticated research and technology management system supports those businesses based on a research and technology development (RTD) organization consisting of three layers: corporate, business group, and divisional laboratories. Evaluation of RTD projects is varied in accordance with their characteristics. To promote future inter-divisional business, the Corporate Incentive Program (CIP) funds corporate

A. Kameoka

1995-01-01

195

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluation of a remnant lake sturgeon population's utility as a source: the last extant lake sturgeon population in the Ohio River drainage. The White River population exhibited slightly lower levels of genetic diversity than other lake sturgeon populations. However, the population

Latch, Emily K.

196

RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluating the effects of upstream lakes and wetlands  

E-print Network

, USA K. S. Cheruvelil Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Lyman Briggs College, Michigan State and Wildlife, James Madison College, Michigan State University, 370 North Case Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824RESEARCH ARTICLE Evaluating the effects of upstream lakes and wetlands on lake phosphorus

197

Research in Practice: Understanding Significance Testing Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite its widespread use in evaluation data analysis, statistical testing has come under persistent criticism resulting in calls for its rethinking, and even possible elimination (Carver, 1978, 1993). Saxon and Boylan issue a call "to strengthen developmental education research and to make it more accessible" (2003, p. 2). Among the types of…

Griffee, Dale T.

2004-01-01

198

RESEARCH ARTICLE Nonlinear Optical Imaging to Evaluate the Impact of  

E-print Network

in childhood obesity indicates that the adverse effects of obesity on human health will be a major concernRESEARCH ARTICLE Nonlinear Optical Imaging to Evaluate the Impact of Obesity on Mammary Gland, and Ji-Xin Cheng Abstract Obesity is an established risk factor for breast cancer incidence and mortality

Cheng, Ji-Xin

199

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System  

E-print Network

Research Article Evaluation of a Global Positioning System Backpack Transmitter for Wild Turkey inac- curate due to triangulation error. However, new technology, such as Global Positioning Systems telemetric methods. Ã? 2011 The Wildlife Society. KEY WORDS Global Positioning System, habitat selection

Butler, Matthew J.

200

Terminology and Evaluation: Two Challenges for Awareness Systems Research  

E-print Network

awareness, presence awareness, situational awareness, social awareness, and task awareness. It is time1 Terminology and Evaluation: Two Challenges for Awareness Systems Research Position paper for CHI 2005 Workshop on Awareness systems: Known Results, Theory, Concepts and Future Challenges A.J. Bernheim

Hunt, Galen

201

A TRANSDISCIPLINARY APPROACH TO HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH AND EVALUATION  

PubMed Central

An integrated perspective consists of macro- and micro-level approaches to health policy research and evaluation is presented. Analytical strategies are suggested for policy analysis, targeting on health disparities at individual and population levels. This systems approach enables investigators to view how scientific public policy analysis can be implemented to assess policy impacts. In this special issue, five papers are introduced.

Wan, Thomas T.H.

2014-01-01

202

Evaluation of Abilities in Interpreting Media Reports of Scientific Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores early secondary school pupils' written evaluations of media reports of contemporary science research in a classroom setting. Finds little distinction between the nature and extent of secondary pupils' responses as compared to college science students' responses, but finds notable differences between these groups' responses and those of…

Ratcliffe, Mary

1999-01-01

203

Program Evaluation and Research Designs. NBER Working Paper No. 16016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a selective review of some contemporary approaches to program evaluation. One motivation for our review is the recent emergence and increasing use of a particular kind of "program" in applied microeconomic research, the so-called Regression Discontinuity (RD) Design of Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960). We organize our…

DiNardo, John; Lee, David S.

2010-01-01

204

Microsoft Research India Evaluating the viability of a mobile phone-based, SMS/GPRS-enabled, client data  

E-print Network

Research India Case Study, May 2007. #12;Microsoft Research India 2 Summary Ujjivan, a young microfinance). #12;Microsoft Research India 3 I Background and task workflow Ujjivan is a young microfinanceMicrosoft Research India 1 Case Study Evaluating the viability of a mobile phone-based, SMS

Rajamani, Sriram K.

205

Evaluating from the OutsideConducting Cross-Cultural Evaluation Research on an American Indian Reservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is limited guidance for conducting competent and responsive cross-cultural evaluation research with American Indian communities. The authors draw on Fisher and Ball’s Tribal Participatory Research Model to highlight ways in which this project is attempting to be culturally appropriate and sensitive as they partner with an American Indian community to implement and evaluate a youth-based initiative. Challenges encountered during

Bethany L. Letiecq; Sandra J. Bailey

2004-01-01

206

Economic Evaluation of Continuing Care Interventions in the Treatment of Substance Abuse: Recommendations for Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chronic and relapsing nature of substance abuse points to the need for continuing care after a primary phase of treatment. This article reviews the economic studies of continuing care, discusses research gaps, highlights some of the challenges of conducting rigorous economic evaluations of continuing care, and offers research guidelines and…

Popovici, Ioana; French, Michael T.; McKay, James R.

2008-01-01

207

Land Suitability Evaluation of Bilverdy Research Station for Wheat, Barley, Alfalfa, Maize and Safflower  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study and research work, land suitability evaluation (qualitative classification) was made for the Bilverdy research station of the Islamic Azad University in East Azarbaijan for wheat, barley, alfalfa, maize and safflower. The Simple Limitation Method (SLM), the Limitation Method regarding Number and Intensity (LMNI) and the Parametric Methods (PM) such as the square-root and the Storie methods

Ali Asghar

208

Introduction Much effort and research has gone into solving the problem of evaluation of information  

E-print Network

? The answers to these questions pretty well cover the whole field of evaluation. There is much controversy and interactive retrieval system? Studies to gauge this are going on but results are hard to interpret. For some#12;Seven EVALUATION Introduction Much effort and research has gone into solving the problem

Jose, Joemon M.

209

The History of Women in Botany and Science at the Herbarium Library: Evaluation for Historical Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluating library collections by comparing them to bibliographies has a long history in research libraries. This evaluative study examined all 107 titles within the "Women in Botany" section of the Herbarium Library at The Ohio State University (OSU). The Herbarium is not part of the OSU Library system, but functions as a satellite to the…

Wicker, Sandra J.

210

Global informetric perspective studies on translational medical research  

PubMed Central

Background Translational medical research literature has increased rapidly in the last few decades and played a more and more important role during the development of medicine science. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the global performance of translational medical research during the past few decades. Methods Bibliometric, social network analysis, and visualization technologies were used for analyzing translational medical research performance from the aspects of subject categories, journals, countries, institutes, keywords, and MeSH terms. Meanwhile, the co-author, co-words and cluster analysis methods were also used to trace popular topics in translational medical research related work. Results Research output suggested a solid development in translational medical research, in terms of increasing scientific production and research collaboration. We identified the core journals, mainstream subject categories, leading countries, and institutions in translational medical research. There was an uneven distribution of publications at authorial, institutional, and national levels. The most commonly used keywords that appeared in the articles were “translational research”, “translational medicine”, “biomarkers”, “stroke”, “inflammation”, “cancer”, and “breast cancer”. Conclusions The subject categories of “Research & Experimental Medicine”, “Medical Laboratory Technology”, and “General & Internal Medicine” play a key role in translational medical research both in production and in its networks. Translational medical research and CTS, etc. are core journals of translational research. G7 countries are the leading nations for translational medical research. Some developing countries, such as P.R China, also play an important role in the communication of translational research. The USA and its institutions play a dominant role in the production, collaboration, citations and high quality articles. The research trends in translational medical research involve drug design and development, pathogenesis and treatment of disease, disease model research, evidence-based research, and stem and progenitor cells. PMID:23885955

2013-01-01

211

Case study as a research method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research method. These include the design and categories of case studies and how their robustness can be achieved.

Zaidah Zainal

2007-01-01

212

Migration and Development Research Scoping Study  

E-print Network

Migration and Development Research Scoping Study November 2008 NSCE International Thomas Lacroix International Development, the consortium members of GSDRC or DFID. #12;1 MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH.................................................................................1 2. IMPACTS OF MIGRATION ON DEVELOPMENT ..............................2 2.1. Remittances: flows

Boyer, Edmond

213

The School of Global Studies Research Degrees  

E-print Network

interdisciplinary research centres: Centre for Advanced International Theory Centre for Conflict and Security Research Centre for Global Health Policy Centre for Global Political Economy Sussex Climate Change Network International Relations International Development Human Rights Migration Studies We also support the following

Sussex, University of

214

Scientometric Study on Research Performance in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that characterized research performance in China through the number of papers published in periodicals and the number of citations received by those papers covered by the "Science Citation Index" database from 1987 to 1993. Distribution of cited disciplines and ranking of research institutes are discussed. (LRW)

Haiqi, Zhang; Yuhua, Zhang

1997-01-01

215

Solar energy storage researchers information user study  

SciTech Connect

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar energy storage are described. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 2 groups of researchers are analyzed: DOE-Funded Researchers and Non-DOE-Funded Researchers. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

216

Evaluation of XV-15 tilt rotor aircraft for flying qualities research application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a design review study and evaluation of the XV-15 Tilt Rotor Research Aircraft for flying qualities research application are presented. The objectives of the program were to determine the capability of the XV-15 aircraft and the V/STOLAND system as a safe, inflight facility to provide meaningful research data on flying qualities, flight control systems, and information display systems.

Radford, R. C.; Schelhorn, A. E.; Siracuse, R. J.; Till, R. D.; Wasserman, R.

1976-01-01

217

Practical Guidelines for Evaluating Sampling Designs in Survey Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The popularity of sample surveys in evaluation and research makes it necessary for consumers to tell a good survey from a poor one. Several sources were identified that gave advice on how to evaluate a sample design used in a survey study. The sources are either too limited or too extensive to be useful practically. The purpose of this paper is to…

Fan, Xitao; Wang, Lin

218

Research priorities of midwives: a Delphi study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to identify the research priorities of midwives at Gold Coast Hospital (GCH), South East Queensland, Australia. It was also hoped that the study would help foster a culture of inquiry and reflection. Establishing and maintaining a research culture is essential to the provision of high quality maternity services. A two phase Delphi design was used. Fifty eight midwives participated in round one (50 per cent response rate) and 54 in round two (60 per cent response rate). Midwives identified post dates induction of labour and work place culture as areas of research interest. PMID:23590083

Jordan, Kayleen; Slavin, Valerie; Fenwick, Jennifer

2013-03-01

219

Studies in Teaching: 2008 Research Digest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of Annual Research Forum. 34 studies. Cultural Awareness in Secondary Spanish (Amy Allen), Writing in Mathematics (Lindsey L. Bakewell), Homework: Assignment Methods and Student Engagement (Lia Beresford), Current Events and Social Studies (Jennie Marie Biser), Authentic Assessments in Social Studies (Carl Boland), Assessment in High…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

2008-01-01

220

Research on informatization construction evaluation of logistics enterprise in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through studying the informatization index systems of both domestic and foreign enterprises, this essay sets up an informatization evaluation index system for enterprises in Henan Province, based on their essential characteristics and present situation. The evaluation index system includes application status of informatization, construction level of enterprise infrastructure, strategic planning level and informatization level of staff. Next, in accordance with

Xiao MeiDan; Liu JunJuan; Liu Bin

2009-01-01

221

Social Studies. MicroSIFT Courseware Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of 11 courseware evaluations gives a general overview of available social studies microcomputer courseware for students in grades 3-12. Each evaluation lists title, date, producer, date of evaluation, evaluating institution, cost, ability level, topic, medium of transfer, required hardware, required software, instructional…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

222

Ocean energy researchers information user study  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on ocean energy systems. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. Only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 2 groups of researchers are analyzed in this report: DOE-Funded Researchers and Non-DOE-Funded Researchers. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-03-01

223

Using Document Availability Research in a Library Self-Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modelling its self-study on earlier document availability research by Saracevic, Shaw, and Kantor, the Periodical Department of the William Paterson College Library (Wayne, New Jersey), evaluated service to its patrons. Specially modified and coded periodical request forms were collected from a sample of patrons who requested periodicals from the…

Hegg, Judith L.

224

The contribution of Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development-supported research to primary health care policy and practice.  

PubMed

The importance of primary health care (PHC) research is well understood yet conducting this research can be challenging. Barriers include a lack of funding, support and opportunity. In 2000 the Australian government introduced the Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development (PHCRED) Strategy to address the gap in high-quality research. One component of the strategy, the Research Capacity Building Initiative, provided funding to university departments of general practice and rural health, allowing them to expand their pool of researchers and produce more research relevant to policy and practice. This study investigates the impact of phase two of the PHCRED Strategy by analysing peer-reviewed publications from PHCRED-supported departments. Research output was recorded from 2006 to 2010 incorporating 661 publications in 212 journals. Rural departments often had fewer resources than urban departments yet demonstrated steady research contributions focusing on issues relevant to their community. Since its inception the PHCRED Strategy has enabled development of research capacity and contributed to the body of PHC knowledge. While PHC is a diverse field, reflected in the publications produced, the themes underlying much of this work were representative of current health reform and the priority areas and building blocks of the National PHC Strategy. PMID:23092638

Brown, Lynsey J; McIntyre, Ellen L

2014-01-01

225

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research: Drug Shortages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDA has just announced a new Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Website: Drug Shortages (the CDER was last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). Both sites should be useful to health care professionals. The first features a list of drugs that are in short supply as well as reasons why they are scarce and advice on how to obtain them.

2001-01-01

226

An evaluation of statistical software for research and instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of microcomputer statistics packages were evaluated. The packages were compared on a number of dimensions, including\\u000a error handling, documentation, statistical capability, and accuracy. Results indicated that there are some very good packages\\u000a available both for instruction and for analyzing research data. In general, the microcomputer packages were easier to learn\\u000a and to use than were mainframe packages. Furthermore,

Darrell L. Butler; Douglas B. Eamon

1985-01-01

227

Primary Irritation Evaluation Program Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hexanoic acid monoester with 1,3-hydroxy-2-propanene (ENT-70156), which is a candidate repellent, was evaluated on New Zealand White rabbits for its potential to cause skin and eye irritation. The data obtained serve as a basis for making a recommendation...

J. E. Briel

1973-01-01

228

Feeling grateful: a parse research method study.  

PubMed

The author in this article reports a Parse research method study on the universal experience of feeling grateful with 10 participants living in community. The central finding of this study is the structure: The living experience of feeling grateful is potent elation amid tribulation arises with the assuredness-unassuredness of benevolent alliances. The findings are discussed in relation to the humanbecoming school of thought and related literature. New knowledge generated from this study: (a) explicates unique ways of becoming related to feeling grateful, (b) enhances understanding of ways of connecting with persons in practice, and (c) reveals phenomena for further research. PMID:23575493

Hart, Judith D

2013-04-01

229

NORTHERN OHIO AEROSOL STUDY: STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

A consortium of Universities, located in northwest Ohio have received funds to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of land applied biosolids in that state. This USDA funded study includes observing land application practices and evaluating biosolids, soils, runoff water and bioaer...

230

An evaluation approach for research project pilot technological applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a world increasingly more competitive and in a constantly development and growth it's important that companies have economic tools, like frameworks to help them to evaluate and validate the technology development to better fits in each company particular needs. The paper presents an evaluation approach for research project pilot applications to stimulate its implementation and deployment, increasing its adequacy and acceptance to their stakeholders and consequently providing new business profit and opportunities. Authors used the DECIDE evaluation framework as a major guide to this approach, which was tested in the iSURF project to support the implementation of an interoperability service utility for collaborative supply chain planning across multiple domains supported by RFID devices.

Marcelino-Jesus, Elsa; Sarraipa, Joao; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

2013-10-01

231

76 FR 789 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...discussing implications for practice and policy, and providing...of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally...Head Start Impact Study fits within this agenda. The...and implementation of best practices in Head Start and...

2011-01-06

232

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2005 Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the first two weeks of September 2005, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2005 Research and Technology Studies (RATS). The Desert RATS field test activity is the culmination of the various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas year-long technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The purpose of the RATS is to drive out preliminary exploration concept of operations EVA system requirements by providing hands-on experience with simulated planetary surface exploration extravehicular activity (EVA) hardware and procedures. The RATS activities also are of significant importance in helping to develop the necessary levels of technical skills and experience for the next generation of engineers, scientists, technicians, and astronauts who will be responsible for realizing the goals of the Constellation Program. The 2005 Desert RATS was the eighth RATS field test and was the most systems-oriented, integrated field test to date with participants from NASA field centers, the United States Geologic Survey (USGS), industry partners, and research institutes. Each week of the test, the 2005 RATS addressed specific sets of objectives. The first week focused on the performance of surface science astro-biological sampling operations, including planetary protection considerations and procedures. The second week supported evaluation of the Science, Crew, Operations, and Utility Testbed (SCOUT) proto-type rover and its sub-systems. Throughout the duration of the field test, the Communications, Avionics, and Infomatics pack (CAI-pack) was tested. This year the CAI-pack served to provide information on surface navigation, science sample collection procedures, and EVA timeline awareness. Additionally, 2005 was the first year since the Apollo program that two pressurized suited test subjects have worked together simultaneously. Another first was the demonstration of recharge of cryogenic life support systems while in-use by the suited test subjects. The recharge capability allowed the simulated EVA test duration to be doubled, facilitating SCOUT proto-type rover testing. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2005 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations and test results.

Ross, Amy J.; Kosmo, Joseph J.; Janoiko, Barbara A.; Bernard, Craig; Splawn, Keith; Eppler, Dean B.

2006-01-01

233

15 CFR 921.40 - Ongoing oversight and evaluations of designated National Estuarine Research Reserves.  

...evaluations of designated National Estuarine Research Reserves. 921.40 Section 921...RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATIONAL ESTUARINE RESEARCH RESERVE SYSTEM REGULATIONS Ongoing...evaluations of designated National Estuarine Research Reserves. (a) The...

2014-01-01

234

Research and Evaluation in Urban Educational Policy. Abridged Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores factors which may account for the translation of research into educational policy through a case study. The case study was conducted jointly by the School District and Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to determine what variables contribute to reading achievement. Students from grades one through four in…

Kean, Michael H.

1980-01-01

235

Research and Evaluation Trends in the Uses of Computer-Based Tools for Learning and Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research and evaluation studies describe changing knowledge about the effects and conditions of computer-based tools in learning and teaching in elementary and secondary school classrooms. Current studies of computer-based tool use are characterized by: (1) a focus on many dimensions of learning, learners, and learning environments; (2) an…

Hunter, Beverly

236

Design and evaluation of a personal digital assistant-based research platform for cochlear implants.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the design, development, features, and clinical evaluation of a personal digital assistant (PDA)-based platform for cochlear implant research. This highly versatile and portable research platform allows researchers to design and perform complex experiments with cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation with great ease and flexibility. The research platform includes a portable processor for implementing and evaluating novel speech processing algorithms, a stimulator unit which can be used for electrical stimulation and neurophysiologic studies with animals, and a recording unit for collecting electroencephalogram/evoked potentials from human subjects. The design of the platform for real time and offline stimulation modes is discussed for electric-only and electric plus acoustic stimulation followed by results from an acute study with implant users for speech intelligibility in quiet and noisy conditions. The results are comparable with users' clinical processor and very promising for undertaking chronic studies. PMID:23674422

Ali, Hussnain; Lobo, Arthur P; Loizou, Philipos C

2013-11-01

237

Research study on antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A research project to investigate antiskid braking systems for the space shuttle vehicle was conducted. System from the Concorde, Boeing 747, Boeing 737, and Lockheed L-1011 were investigated. The characteristics of the Boeing 737 system which caused it to be selected are described. Other subjects which were investigated are: (1) trade studies of brake control concepts, (2) redundancy requirements trade study, (3) laboratory evaluation of antiskid systems, and (4) space shuttle hardware criteria.

Auselmi, J. A.; Weinberg, L. W.; Yurczyk, R. F.; Nelson, W. G.

1973-01-01

238

Interdisciplinary Study: Research as Part of Artmaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As education budgets shrink, art teachers need to find ways to position the study of art closer to mainstream academics by exploring concepts that cut across disciplinary boundaries. Art teachers can challenge students to do serious and thorough research about subject matter partnering with teachers in other areas to select subject matter that is…

Eubanks, Paula

2012-01-01

239

Postgraduate Students' Experiences in Interdisciplinary Research Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many postgraduate interdisciplinary research (IDR) candidates in the applied disciplines work across two or more traditional areas of study. Such candidates often spend considerable time on knowledge-building activities outside their home (or undergraduate) disciplines; IDR candidates venture into new fields and are exposed to the cultures and…

Winberg, C.; Barnes, V.; Ncube, K.; Tshinu, S.

2011-01-01

240

Reye's Syndrome: A Review of Research Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clinical and pathological studies of Reye's syndrome indicate that symptoms range from influenza-related encephalitis-type disease to cranial pressure, cerebral edema, hemorrhage, and coma. Biochemical research on the blood, ammonia, and the liver is increasing in sophistication, and hopes for future insight into the etiology of Reye's syndrome…

Lopez, Thomas P.; And Others

1982-01-01

241

Leading with integrity: a qualitative research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper gives an account of a study into the relationship between leadership and integrity. There is a critical analysis of the current literature for effective, successful and ethical leadership particularly, integrity. The purpose and aim of this paper is to build on the current notions of leadership within the literature, debate contemporary approaches, focussing specifically on practices within

Lorna Storr

2004-01-01

242

Research and Graduate Studies The Graduate School  

E-print Network

Research and Graduate Studies The Graduate School PharmD/MPA Dual Degree Program Supplementary Graduate School Application NAME: Student I.D. Number Date Bachelor's Degree Awarded (if applicable) GPA Quant. Anal. Note: GRE is required for admission to the Graduate School. Students who have not taken

MacAdam, Keith

243

Endotoxin Studies And Biosolids Stabilization Research  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation has three parts; a review of bench-scale endotoxin research, a review of observations from a field scale endotoxin release study, and discussion of biosolids stabilization and characterization by PLFA/FAME microbial community analysis. Endotoxins are part of th...

244

Jupiter Environmental Research & Field Studies Academy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and workings of the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy that focuses on enabling both teachers and students to participate in real-life learning experiences. Discusses qualifications for admittance, curriculum, location, ongoing projects, students, academics, preparation for life, problem solving, and…

Huttemeyer, Bob

1996-01-01

245

Case Study Methodology in Educational Evaluation. Proceedings of the Minnesota Evaluation Conference (May 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The four papers in these proceedings provide a comprehensive picture of the rationale, methodology, strengths, and limitations of case studies. In "Doing Justice in Evaluation Research," David Hamilton argues that the application of scientific methods to the study of social systems has given us a false illusion of certainty. He offers an…

Welch, Wayne W., Ed.

246

An Evaluation Tool for Machine Translation: Fast Evaluation for MT Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a tool for the evaluation of translat ion quality. First, the typical requirements of such a tool i n the framework of machine translation (MT) research are discussed. We define e valuation criteria which are more adequate than pure edit distance and we describe how the measurement along these quality criteria is performed semi-automaticallyin a

Gregor Leusch; Hermann Ney; RWTH Aachen

2000-01-01

247

Decentralized energy studies: compendium of international studies and research  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the compendium is to provide information about research activities in decentralized energy systems to researchers, government officials, and interested citizens. The compendium lists and briefly describes a number of studies in other industrialized nations that involve decentralized energy systems. A contact person is given for each of the activities listed so that interested readers can obtain more information.

Wallace, C.

1980-03-01

248

76 FR 29756 - Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation; Advisory Committee on Head Start Research and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...discussing implications for practice and policy, and providing...of research-informed practices in early childhood. Finally...Head Start Impact Study fits within this agenda. The...and implementation of best practices in Head Start and...

2011-05-23

249

Langley Research Center Standard for the Evaluation of Socket Welds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A specification utilized for the nondestructive evaluation of socket type pipe joints at Langley Research Center (LaRC) is discussed. The scope of hardware shall include, but is not limited to, all common pipe fittings: tees, elbows, couplings, caps, and so forth, socket type flanges, unions, and valves. In addition, the exterior weld of slip on flanges shall be inspected using this specification. At the discretion of the design engineer, standard practice engineer, Fracture Mechanics Engineering Section, Pressure Systems Committee, or other authority, four nondestructive evaluation techniques may be utilized exclusively, or in combination, to inspect socket type welds. These techniques are visual, radiographic, magnetic particle, and dye penetrant. Under special circumstances, other techniques (such as eddy current or ultrasonics) may be required and their application shall be guided by the appropriate sections of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (B&PVC).

Berry, R. F., Jr.

1985-01-01

250

Can evaluation studies benefit from triangulation? A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly being used in health care. Rigorous evaluations of ICT applications during both introduction and routine use are of great importance for decision makers and users. Within evaluation research, two main (and often rather distinct) traditions can be found: the objectivistic and the subjectivistic tradition. Methods: The theory of triangulation deals with the

Elske Ammenwerth; Carola Iller; Ulrich Mansmann

2003-01-01

251

Evaluation Design Project: Multilevel Interpretation of Evaluation Data Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies are presented in this report. The first is titled "Empirical Studies of Multilevel Approaches to Test Development and Interpretation: Measuring Between-Group Differences in Instruction." Because of a belief that schooling does affect student achievement, researchers have questioned the empirical and measurement techniques used to…

Miller, M. David; Burstein, Leigh

252

Evaluating the High School Lunar Research Projects Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Lunar Science and Exploration (CLSE), a collaboration between the Lunar and Planetary Institute and NASA's Johnson Space Center, is one of seven member teams of the NASA Lunar Science Institute (NLSI). In addition to research and exploration activities, the CLSE team is deeply invested in education and outreach. In support of NASA's and NLSI's objective to train the next generation of scientists, CLSE's High School Lunar Research Projects program is a conduit through which high school students can actively participate in lunar science and learn about pathways into scientific careers. The objectives of the program are to enhance 1) student views of the nature of science; 2) student attitudes toward science and science careers; and 3) student knowledge of lunar science. In its first three years, approximately 140 students and 28 teachers from across the United States have participated in the program. Before beginning their research, students undertake Moon 101, a guided-inquiry activity designed to familiarize them with lunar science and exploration. Following Moon 101, and guided by a lunar scientist mentor, teams choose a research topic, ask their own research question, and design their own research approach to direct their investigation. At the conclusion of their research, teams present their results to a panel of lunar scientists. This panel selects four posters to be presented at the annual Lunar Science Forum held at NASA Ames. The top scoring team travels to the forum to present their research. Three instruments have been developed or modified to evaluate the extent to which the High School Lunar Research Projects meets its objectives. These three instruments measure changes in student views of the nature of science, attitudes towards science and science careers, and knowledge of lunar science. Exit surveys for teachers, students, and mentors were also developed to elicit general feedback about the program and its impact. The nature of science instrument is an open-ended, modified version of the Views of Nature of Science questionnaire. The science attitudes Likert-scale instrument is a modified version of the Attitudes Toward Science Inventory. The lunar science content instrument was developed by CLSE education staff. All three of these instruments are administered to students before and after their research experience to measure the program's impact on student views of the nature of science, attitudes toward science, and knowledge of lunar science. All instruments are administered online via Survey Monkey®. When asked if the program changed the way they view the Moon, 77.4% of students (n=53) replied "yes" and described their increase in knowledge of the formation of the Moon, lunar surface processes, etc. Just under half (41.5%) of the students reported that their experience in the program has contributed to their consideration of a career in science. When asked about obstacles teams had to overcome, teachers described issues with time, student motivation and technology. However, every teacher enthusiastically agreed that the authentic research experience was worthwhile to their students. Detailed evaluation results for the 2011-2012 program will be presented.

Shaner, A. J.; Shipp, S. S.; Allen, J.; Kring, D. A.

2012-12-01

253

Evaluation of a College Freshman Diversity Research Program in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate students in the astronomy department at the University of Washington began the Pre-Major in Astronomy Program (Pre-MAP) after recognizing that underrepresented students in STEM fields are not well retained after their transition from high school. Pre-MAP is a research and mentoring program that begins with a keystone seminar where they learn astronomical research techniques that they apply to research projects conducted in small groups. Students also receive one-on-one mentoring and peer support for the duration of the academic year and beyond. Successful Pre-MAP students have declared astronomy and physics majors, expanded their research projects beyond the fall quarter, presented posters at the UW Undergraduate Research Symposium, and received research fellowships and summer internships. Here we examine the success of the program in attracting underrepresented minorities and in facilitating better STEM retention and academic performance among incoming UW students. We use the University of Washington Student Database to study both the performance of Pre-MAP students and the overall UW student body over the past 8 years. We show that Pre-MAP students are generally more diverse than the overall UW population and also come in with a variety of different math backgrounds, which we show to be an important factor on STEM performance for the overall UW population. We find that that Pre-MAP students are both more academically successful and more likely to graduate in STEM fields than their UW peers, regardless of initial math placement.

Tremmel, Michael J.; Garner, S. M.; Schmidt, S. J.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Agol, E.

2014-01-01

254

Evaluation of the work of hospital districts' research ethics committees in Finland.  

PubMed

The main task of research ethics committees (RECs) is to assess research studies before their start. In this study, 24 RECs that evaluate medical research were sent questionnaires about their structure and functions. The RECs were divided into two separate groups: those working in university hospital districts (uRECs) and those in central hospital districts (non-uRECs). The two groups were different in many respects: the uRECs were bigger in size, covered a wider range of disciplines (both medical and non-medical), had better resources and more frequent and regular meetings. After the survey was performed and analysed, the Medical Research Act was amended so that only hospital districts with a medical faculty in their region had a duty to establish ethics committees. After the amendment, the number of RECs evaluating medical research in Finland decreased from 25 to 9. The ethics committees that remained had wider expertise and were better equipped already by the time of this survey. Only one non-uREC was continuing its work, and this was being done under the governance of a university hospital district. Simple measures were used for qualitative analysis of the work of RECs that evaluate medical research. These showed differences between RECs. This may be helpful in establishing an ethics committee network in a research field or administrational area. PMID:25246637

Halila, Ritva

2014-12-01

255

Mars Molecular and Isotopic Analysis Research Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recently, the Martian atmosphere and surface constituents have become of great interest. The Viking in situ gas chromatograph mass spectrometer experiment contributed greatly to our knowledge of the composition of the Martian atmosphere. However, important questions remain such as the abundance of water on Mars. The Viking experiment employed solid reagents to enhance their carbon measurements. Techniques of chemical conversion using simple solid reagents have advanced considerably in the past 20 years. In this investigation we researched the advancements in techniques to reversibly adsorb and desorb water and focused on the techniques potentially useful for the temperatures and pressures on the Martian surface. During the granting period from June 15, 1998 to August 14, 1998, a literature study of the material appropriate for use in a chemical conversion device and the availability of these materials were undertaken. The focus of this investigation was searching for methods and materials potentially useful in enhancing the measurements of water. Three different methods were considered for the means to extract water from a given gas sample. These methods included adsorption in a desiccant, adsorption on a clean metal surface, and adsorption in a carbon molecular sieve or zeolite. Each method was evaluated with feasibility and reversibility in mind. By far the simplest and perhaps cheapest way to remove water from a gaseous sample is by means of a bulk desiccant. Desiccants are commercially available from many companies including those that supply chemicals. The main feature of a desiccant is its ability to rapidly bind or absorb water from the atmosphere. Calcium chloride, for example, is frequently incorporated into drying tubes by organic chemists when reactions require the absence of water. Other desiccants include sodium hydroxide, calcium hydride, and commercial products such as Drierite, available from Aldrich Chemical. The disadvantage to most desiccants is a direct consequence of what makes them so advantageous. Desiccants rapidly and strongly bind water, often reacting chemically with it. This strong binding makes reversibly desorbing the water from the desiccant very difficult. The third method by which to absorb water from a gas sample involves the use of molecular sieves of other ziolites.

Manning, Heidi L. K.

1998-01-01

256

Models and Mechanisms for Evaluating Government-Funded Research: An International Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research describes, classifies, and comparatively evaluates national models and mechanisms used to evaluate research and allocate research funding in 16 countries. Although these models and mechanisms vary widely in terms of how research is evaluated and financed, nearly all share the common characteristic of relating funding to some measure…

Coryn, Chris L. S.; Hattie, John A.; Scriven, Michael; Hartmann, David J.

2007-01-01

257

Research on the quantitative evaluation system for unmanned ground vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first Chinese unmanned ground vehicles competition - The 2009 Future Challenge: Intelligent Vehicles and Beyond (FC'09) pushed China's unmanned vehicles out of laboratories and into application environments. In order to further promote the development of unmanned vehicle technologies, the test and evaluation system for unmanned vehicles needs to be studied. The design method of test environment is proposed in

Guangming Xiong; Xijun Zhao; Haiou Liu; Shaobin Wu; Jianwei Gong; Haojie Zhang; Huachun Tan; Huiyan Chen

2010-01-01

258

Experimental study and evaluation of radioprotective drugs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experimental study evaluates radioprotective drugs administered before exposure either orally or intravenously. Specifically studied are the sources of radiation, choice of radiation dose, choice of animals, administration of drugs, the toxicity of protective agents and types of protective drug.

Smith, D. E.; Thomson, J. F.

1968-01-01

259

A framework to evaluate research capacity building in health care  

PubMed Central

Background Building research capacity in health services has been recognised internationally as important in order to produce a sound evidence base for decision-making in policy and practice. Activities to increase research capacity for, within, and by practice include initiatives to support individuals and teams, organisations and networks. Little has been discussed or concluded about how to measure the effectiveness of research capacity building (RCB) Discussion This article attempts to develop the debate on measuring RCB. It highlights that traditional outcomes of publications in peer reviewed journals and successful grant applications may be important outcomes to measure, but they may not address all the relevant issues to highlight progress, especially amongst novice researchers. They do not capture factors that contribute to developing an environment to support capacity development, or on measuring the usefulness or the 'social impact' of research, or on professional outcomes. The paper suggests a framework for planning change and measuring progress, based on six principles of RCB, which have been generated through the analysis of the literature, policy documents, empirical studies, and the experience of one Research and Development Support Unit in the UK. These principles are that RCB should: develop skills and confidence, support linkages and partnerships, ensure the research is 'close to practice', develop appropriate dissemination, invest in infrastructure, and build elements of sustainability and continuity. It is suggested that each principle operates at individual, team, organisation and supra-organisational levels. Some criteria for measuring progress are also given. Summary This paper highlights the need to identify ways of measuring RCB. It points out the limitations of current measurements that exist in the literature, and proposes a framework for measuring progress, which may form the basis of comparison of RCB activities. In this way it could contribute to establishing the effectiveness of these interventions, and establishing a knowledge base to inform the science of RCB. PMID:16253133

Cooke, Jo

2005-01-01

260

Direct Instruction with Special Education Students: A Review of Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews both the content and the methodological issues involved in the small but growing number of empirical studies on the use of Direct Instruction programs and teaching procedures with special populations. The research reviewed includes experimental and quasi-experimental work, summative evaluations of entire programs, and…

Gersten, Russell

261

Bridging the Gap between Research, Evaluation, and Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study organized a participatory action research team to investigate Council on Social Work Education policies and their effect on the teaching and production of evaluation at the master's level. Data were collected in the form of 282 theses, 27 surveys, and 7 telephone interviews with field instructors to examine the use of…

Davis, Sarita; Gervin, Derrick; White, Garrick; Williams, Aisha; Taylor, Angela; McGriff, Ebony

2013-01-01

262

Evaluation of the IRAD sonic extensometers for application in the Canadian Underground Research Laboratory (FY 1983)  

SciTech Connect

This report supplements an earlier study that discussed the suitability of using the IRAD sonic extensometer in the Underground Research Laboratory proposed by the Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd. In particular, it addresses the first and fourth recommendations made in that report concerning the basic accuracy of the instrument and evaluation of the electronic circuitry, respectively.

Glenn, H.D.; Butler, L.S.

1983-09-01

263

Farmers' Attitude towards a Participatory Research Method Used to Evaluate Weed Management Strategies in Bananas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, farmers were engaged in a participatory research project and their attitudes evaluated. The purpose was to identify the characteristics of farmers who are favourably predisposed towards meaningful participation in the process. Several cover crops were tested for possible use in the management of watergrass ("Commelina diffusa"), a…

Ganpat, Wayne G.; Isaac, Wendy-Ann P.; Brathwaite, Richard A. I.; Bekele, Isaac

2009-01-01

264

Evaluating Faculty Work: Expectations and Standards of Faculty Performance in Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectations and the way they are communicated can influence employees' motivation and performance. Previous research has demonstrated individual effects of workplace climate and individual differences on faculty productivity. The present study focused on the characteristics of institutional performance standards, evaluation processes and…

Hardre, Patricia; Cox, Michelle

2009-01-01

265

Economic evaluation research in the context of Child Welfare policy: A structured literature review and recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesWith over 1 million children served by the US Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of decision-analytic modeling to advance Child Welfare

Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert; Lonnie R. Snowden; Fred Wulczyn; John Landsverk; Sarah M. Horwitz

2011-01-01

266

Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: With over 1 million children served by the US Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of…

Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

267

Evaluation Research on the Effectiveness of Social Work Intervention on Dialysis Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported in this article examined the effectiveness of a dedicated, timed, recurring Master's level social work intervention with patients new to dialysis. Study participants were evaluated for depression and levels of adjustment when first beginning dialysis and three months later. A control group received standard, mandated social work services while the experimental group received an additional counseling component.

Joan Beder

2000-01-01

268

A New Approach to Evaluating the Well-Being of PhD Research Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of an assessment to evaluate the well-being of PhD researchers using a clinically approved methodology that places the perceptions and experiences of the subject population at the heart of its construction. It identifies and assesses the range and relative importance of seven distinct dimensions which are shown…

Juniper, Bridget; Walsh, Elaine; Richardson, Alan; Morley, Bernard

2012-01-01

269

Educating Teachers on LGBTQ Issues: A Review of Research and Program Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of its short history, education that is inclusive of LGBTQ issues has developed in three major paradigms: (1) safety; (2) equity; and (3) critical theory. A review of research and program evaluation of teacher education with regard to LGBTQ reveals only a limited number of studies--most of which fall within either the safety or equity…

Szalacha, Laura A.

2004-01-01

270

‘Scientific identity’ of scholarly journals in hospitality and tourism research: Review and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to describe the ‘scientific identity’ of scholarly journals in hospitality and tourism research by reviewing and evaluating the approaches and the geographical affiliations of authors published in selected journals. The compiled results are analysed for patterns that appear to reveal the ‘scientific identity’ of each of the selected journals. In particular, scholars can note

Göran Svensson; Sander Svaeri; Kari Einarsen

2009-01-01

271

Evaluating recovery from anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: integrating lessons learned from research and clinical practice.  

PubMed

The aims of this article are to critically examine the conceptualization and measurement of recovery, within the eating disorder outcome literature, and suggest possible ways of developing the clinical utility of outcome research. First, definitions and measures of recovery operationalized in outcome studies are critically reviewed, highlighting the variety of definitions and measures used in outcome research. Two important caveats in the outcome literature are identified: absence of clients' views on their recovery from outcome evaluations and dissociation of outcome research from negotiated interpersonal and organizational meanings of recovery. These caveats form the focus of the second section of the article. A need for greater integration between research and clinical perspectives on recovery is identified, and the final section of the article suggests several proposals for enhancing current research on recovery from eating disorders. These proposals particularly advocate development of methods and measures that can accommodate diversity of clients' experiences of recovery, while remaining informative to both researchers and clinicians. PMID:10520435

Jarman, M; Walsh, S

1999-11-01

272

Experiencing Evaluation: A Case Study of Girls' Dance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines action research that was undertaken as a part of a DfES Best Practice Research Scholarship (BPRS). The aims of the research were, firstly, to investigate how girls at Key Stage 3 and 4 feel about evaluating and being evaluated in dance and, secondly, to devise a range of evaluation tasks which enable pupils both to evaluate

Cassady, Helen; Clarke, Gill; Latham, Ann-Marie

2004-01-01

273

Academic and Educational Development: Research, Evaluation and Changing Practice in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practice-oriented book brings together research and evaluation approaches and supporting case studies from educational researchers and teachers. The emphasis is on changing practice in higher education and the research that underpins desirable development. Following an introduction, chapter 1 presents Educational Development Changing Practice…

Macdonald, Ranald; Wisdom, James

274

Scientific and Ethical Reflections on Academic Corruption in Universities: On the Science Research Evaluation System in China's Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the science research activities in China's institutions of higher learning in recent years indicates that there is a major connection between the current instances of corruption in scientific research at colleges and universities and the evaluations system for scientific research implemented at many of the colleges and universities.…

Xiaochun, Wu; Dan, Jia

2007-01-01

275

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre feasibility study. Volume 2. Market definition and strategy. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume II details the methods and results of the market studies and presents recommended marketing strategies. The market study revealed significant potential benefits from supercomputer usage in Malaysia, supporting the national goals for industrialization.

Not Available

1992-05-01

276

Study on global cloud computing research trend  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since "cloud computing" was put forward by Google , it quickly became the most popular concept in IT industry and widely permeated into various areas promoted by IBM, Microsoft and other IT industry giants. In this paper the methods of bibliometric analysis were used to investigate the global cloud computing research trend based on Web of Science (WoS) database and the Engineering Index (EI) Compendex database. In this study, the publication, countries, institutes, keywords of the papers was deeply studied in methods of quantitative analysis, figures and tables are used to describe the production and the development trends of cloud computing.

Ma, Feicheng; Zhan, Nan

2014-01-01

277

Evaluation of the Project Studies in Social Studies Course of Secondary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate project studies in the 6th and 7th grades social studies courses of secondary schools according to opinions of students. This study is a descriptive research in the survey model. The sample is 880 students selected from 6th and 7th grades of 22 secondary schools randomly in central province of Kastamonu. As a…

Ibret, B. Unal; Recepoglu, Ergun; Karasu, Emine; Recepoglu, Serpil

2013-01-01

278

EVALUATIVE STUDY OF WEB BASED PERSONAL HEALTH RECORD SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the importance of personal health records in health care. The research will identify and give an overview of personal health records available online. Authors have conducted evaluative study of selected web based personal health record systems to analyse the current status of personal health record systems available in healthcare industry.

Khin Than Win; Goran Selakovic

279

Management Education Program Evaluation: An Empirical Study in Mainland China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: With the accession of the PRC to the WTO, Chinese education market is open to the educational service providers of the foreign countries. They are keen to offer MBA Degree programs to the Career Managers in the Mainland. Aims: This research studies program evaluation and so forth the quality assessment of a MBA degree program in the…

Sou, Gryphon; Zhou, Pinqiu

2007-01-01

280

Building Theories from Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process of inducting theory using case studies-from\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Some features\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of the process, such as problem definition and construct validation,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009are similar to hypothesis-testing research. Others, such as within-case\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009analysis and replication logic, are unique to the inductive, case-oriented\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009process. Overall, the process described here is highly iterative\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and tightly

Kathleen M Eisenhardt

1989-01-01

281

Central Management Support Evaluation and Research Coordinator B-11 WOODBURY PUBLIC SCHOOLS  

E-print Network

Central Management Support Evaluation and Research Coordinator B-11 WOODBURY PUBLIC SCHOOLS TITLE, psychology, evaluation, research, sociology, psychometrics, statistics, etc.). 2. Experience are highly desirable. 4. Other combinations of applicable education, training, and experience which provide

282

DESIGN ISSUES FOR EVALUATING SEEDLING EXPOSURE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Tree seedling studies, covering a wide range of experimental conditions in pollutant treatment, species, facilities, and exposure regimes, have become commonplace in forestry research for assessing the actual and potential environmental effects of air pollutants on forest ecosyst...

283

Contexts of diffusion: Adoption of research synthesis in Social Work and Women's Studies  

E-print Network

Texts reveal the subjects of interest in research fields, and the values, beliefs, and practices of researchers. In this study, texts are examined through bibliometric mapping and topic modeling to provide a birds eye view of the social dynamics associated with the diffusion of research synthesis methods in the contexts of Social Work and Women's Studies. Research synthesis texts are especially revealing because the methods, which include meta-analysis and systematic review, are reliant on the availability of past research and data, sometimes idealized as objective, egalitarian approaches to research evaluation, fundamentally tied to past research practices, and performed with the goal informing future research and practice. This study highlights the co-influence of past and subsequent research within research fields; illustrates dynamics of the diffusion process; and provides insight into the cultural contexts of research in Social Work and Women's Studies. This study suggests the potential to further develo...

Sheble, Laura

2014-01-01

284

How Are Social Studies Curriculum Materials Evaluated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes and compares two principal modes of evaluating social studies curricula: the Curriculum Materials Analysis System (CMAS) developed by the Social Science Education Consortium and a system developed by Elizabeth Vallance. (Author/RM)

Milburn, G.

1977-01-01

285

The state of health economic and pharmacoeconomic evaluation research in Zimbabwe: A review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation of health care has developed into a substantial body of work, and its contribution to medical decision making is increasingly being recognized. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics and quality of health economic (including pharmacoeconomic) evaluation research studies related to Zimbabwe. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted to identify published health economic evaluation studies related to Zimbabwe. HEED, PubMed, MEDLINE, HealthSTAR, EconLit, and PsycINFO databases and sociological and dissertation abstracts were used to search for economic analyses. The searches used the following terms alone and in combination: costs, budgets, fee, economics, health, pharmacy, pharmacy services, medicines, drugs, health economics, cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, cost-minimization, cost utility analysis, and Zimbabwe. Only original applied economic evaluations addressing a health-related topic pertaining to Zimbabwe and published in full were included. Two reviewers independently evaluated and scored each study in the final sample using the data collection form designed for the study. RESULTS: Fifty-nine studies were identified in the database searches, 18 of which were excluded because they were not about Zimbabwe (3 studies) or were not health related (15). Of the 41 remaining studies, 8 were excluded after further review because they were not original research, 6 because they were not economic analyses, and 1 because it was not about Zimbabwe. The final 26 studies appeared in 13 different journals (based mostly [17 (65%)] outside of Zimbabwe). The mean (SD) number of authors of each study was 3.36 (2.13); most of the authors had medical/clinical training. The number of studies peaked between 1994 and 1997. Based on a 10-point scale, with 10 indicating the highest quality, the mean (SD) quality score for all studies was 5.40 (1.56); 8 of the studies (31%) were considered to be of poor quality (score ?4). The quality of the studies reviewed was significantly (all, P < 0.05) associated with the country in which the journal was based (non-Zimbabwe = higher), the primary health intervention (services>pharmaceutical interventions), the number of authors (more authors = higher), and year of publication (more recent = higher). CONCLUSION: This study indicated that the use of health economic (including pharmacoeconomic) evaluation research in Zimbabwe was low, and 31 % of the studies were of poor quality. More and better quality health economic research in Zimbabwe is warranted. PMID:24692805

Gavaza, Paul; Rascati, Karen; Brown, Carolyn; Lawson, Kenneth; Mann, Teresa

2008-01-01

286

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre feasibility study. Volume 1. Summary and business plan. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was performed. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. Volume I summarizes all of the studies and recommendations and, in aggregate, comprises a business plan.

Not Available

1992-05-01

287

The forensic evaluation and report: an agenda for research.  

PubMed

The written report is a central component of forensic psychiatric practice. In the report, an evaluator assembles and organizes data, interprets results of an evaluation, and offers an opinion in response to legal questions. The past 30 years have seen substantial development in principles and practice of forensic report writing. Drawing on recent advances in the psychiatric report, the authors explore topics including narrative, forensic ethics, coercion within the justice system, and implications of limitations on data in forming forensic opinions. They offer an analysis of unanswered questions in these areas, suggesting opportunities for further empirical study and theoretical development. This proposed agenda is important in training, in the development of policy, and in establishing professional guidelines. PMID:24051588

Buchanan, Alec; Norko, Michael

2013-01-01

288

75 FR 54343 - Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FDA-2010-N-0436] Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research eSubmitter Pilot Evaluation Program for Blood Establishments That Collect Whole Blood and Blood Components AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION:...

2010-09-07

289

The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study: Conceptual Framework and Evaluation Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the conceptual design, research framework, evaluation components, and analytic strategies that are guiding the evaluation of a demonstration-research effort, the American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST). The ASSIST evaluation is a unique analysis of the relationships among social context, public-health activity, tobacco use, and…

Stillman, Frances; Hartman, Anne; Graubard, Barry; Gilpin, Elizabeth; Chavis, David; Garcia, John; Wun, Lap-Ming; Lynn, William; Manley, Marc

1999-01-01

290

Evaluating the Evaluator: A Case Study Illustrating Three Critical Mistakes No Evaluator Should Make  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most employees do not like to be evaluated because they fear the process and people involved. Although optimal performance evaluators can minimize people's anxieties about being assessed, actual performance evaluators can perpetuate employees' fears and, worse, lower their job performances and morale. A case study illustrates the actions of an…

Lanigan, Mary L.

2010-01-01

291

CSM research: Methods and application studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computational mechanics is that discipline of applied science and engineering devoted to the study of physical phenomena by means of computational methods based on mathematical modeling and simulation, utilizing digital computers. The discipline combines theoretical and applied mechanics, approximation theory, numerical analysis, and computer science. Computational mechanics has had a major impact on engineering analysis and design. When applied to structural mechanics, the discipline is referred to herein as computational structural mechanics. Complex structures being considered by NASA for the 1990's include composite primary aircraft structures and the space station. These structures will be much more difficult to analyze than today's structures and necessitate a major upgrade in computerized structural analysis technology. NASA has initiated a research activity in structural analysis called Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM). The broad objective of the CSM activity is to develop advanced structural analysis technology that will exploit modern and emerging computers, such as those with vector and/or parallel processing capabilities. Here, the current research directions for the Methods and Application Studies Team of the Langley CSM activity are described.

Knight, Norman F., Jr.

1989-01-01

292

Species, Habitats, Society: An Evaluation of Research Supporting EU's Natura 2000 Network  

PubMed Central

The Natura 2000 network is regarded as one of the conservation success stories in the global effort to protect biodiversity. However, significant challenges remain in Natura 2000 implementation, owing to its rapid expansion, and lack of a coherent vision for its future. Scientific research is critical for identifying conservation priorities, setting management goals, and reconciling biodiversity protection and society in the complex political European landscape. Thus, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive evaluation of published Natura 2000 research to highlight prevalent research themes, disciplinary approaches, and spatial entities. We conducted a systematic review of 572 scientific articles and conference proceedings focused on Natura 2000 research, published between 1996 and 2014. We grouped these articles into ‘ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ categories. Using a novel application of network analysis of article keywords, we found that Natura 2000 research forms a cohesive small-world network, owing to the emphasis on ecological research (79% of studies, with a strong focus on spatial conservation planning), and the underrepresentation of studies addressing ‘social and policy’ issues (typically focused on environmental impact assessment, multi-level governance, agri-environment policy, and ecosystem services valuation). ‘Ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ research shared only general concepts (e.g., Natura 2000, Habitats Directive) suggesting a disconnection between these disciplines. The UK and the Mediterranean basin countries dominated Natura 2000 research, and there was a weak correlation between number of studies and proportion of national territory protected. Approximately 40% of ‘social and policy’ research and 26% of ‘ecological’ studies highlighted negative implications of Natura 2000, while 21% of studies found positive social and biodiversity effects. We emphasize the need for designing inter- and transdisciplinary research in order to promote a social-ecological understanding of Natura 2000, and advance EU conservation policies. PMID:25415188

Niculae, Iulian M.; Cucu, Adina L.; Hartel, Tibor

2014-01-01

293

Case Study: Ethical Guidance for Pediatric e-health Research Using Examples From Pain Research With Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective?The Internet is a frequently used platform for research in pediatric and health psychology. However, there is little pragmatic guidance as to ethical best practice of this research. The absence of guidance is particularly prominent for online research with children. Our objective is to outline ethical issues in e-health research with children and adolescents using two exemplar studies in pediatric pain research.?Methods?The first study is an asynchronous message board discussion amongst teenagers with pain who are frequent internet users.The second study is a web-based behavioral intervention for the management of adolescent pain.?Results?Each exemplar study is discussed in the context of specific ethical considerations related to recruitment, informed consent and debriefing, privacy and confidentiality, and participant safety. Ethical issues regarding the evaluation of online psychological interventions are also discussed.?Conclusions?Guidance on optimal ethical practice in e-health research is summarized. PMID:22851643

Henderson, Ellen M.; Law, Emily F.; Palermo, Tonya M.

2012-01-01

294

Fall 2003 Harvard College Alcohol Study Sanction Thematic Evaluations Harvard Study Review Sanction Evaluation Fall 2003  

E-print Network

review focused on secondary effects of alcohol abuse in study. 28 14 0 0 B. Responsibility 1. StudentFall 2003 Harvard College Alcohol Study Sanction Thematic Evaluations Harvard Study Review Sanction requirements. 1 41 0 0 42 Sanctions Evaluated Responses #12;Fall 2003 Harvard College Alcohol Study Sanction

Gering, Jon C.

295

Applying the Context, Input, Process, Product Evaluation Model for Evaluation, Research, and Redesign of an Online Master's Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate and redesign an online master's degree program consisting of 12 courses from the informatics field using a context, input, process, product (CIPP) evaluation model. Research conducted during the redesign of the online program followed a mixed methodology in which data was collected through a CIPP survey,…

Sancar Tokmak, Hatice; Meltem Baturay, H.; Fadde, Peter

2013-01-01

296

Commercialization of research: a case study of Australian universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research commercialization is a crucial aspect of technological innovation and is a complex socio?economic and technological process. This paper explores the commercialization of university research, drawing on an empirical study of the development of research commercialization by Australian universities. The study addresses three main research questions: (i) What are the recent major policy changes affecting the commercialization of university research

Fang Zhao

2004-01-01

297

Oasis Connections: Results from an Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based basic computer and Internet training program designed for older adults, provide recommendations for program refinement, and gather preliminary information on program sustainability. Design and Methods: The program was developed by the OASIS Institute, a nonprofit…

Czaja, Sara J.; Lee, Chin Chin; Branham, Janice; Remis, Peggy

2012-01-01

298

[Research progress on current pharmacokinetic evaluation of Chinese herbal medicines].  

PubMed

In order to prove safety and efficacy, herbal medicines must undergo the rigorous scientific researches such as pharmacokinetic and bioavailability, before they are put on the market in the foreign countries. Botanical Drug Products promulgated by the US FDA could guide industry sponsors to develop herbal drugs, which was also an important reference for investigating Chinese herbal medicines. This paper reviews and discusses novel approaches for how to assess systemic exposure and pharmacokinetic of Chinese herbal medicines, which were in line with FDA guidance. This mainly focus on identifying pharmacokinetic markers of botanical products, integral pharmacokinetic study of multiple components, Biopharmaceutics drug disposition classification system, and population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study in herb-drug interaction. PMID:21657088

Li, Guofu; Zhao, Haoru; Yang, Jin

2011-03-01

299

Desert Research and Technology Studies 2008 Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the last two weeks of October 2008, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC) Advanced Extravehicular Activity (AEVA) team led the field test portion of the 2008 Desert Research and Technology Studies (D-RATS) near Flagstaff, AZ. The Desert RATS field test activity is the year-long culmination of various individual science and advanced engineering discipline areas technology and operations development efforts into a coordinated field test demonstration under representative (analog) planetary surface terrain conditions. The 2008 Desert RATS was the eleventh RATS field test and was the most focused and successful test to date with participants from six NASA field centers, three research organizations, one university, and one other government agency. The main test objective was to collect Unpressurized Rover (UPR) and Lunar Electric Rover (LER) engineering performance and human factors metrics while under extended periods of representative mission-based scenario test operations involving long drive distances, night-time driving, Extravehicular Activity (EVA) operations, and overnight campover periods. The test was extremely successful with all teams meeting the primary test objective. This paper summarizes Desert RATS 2008 test hardware, detailed test objectives, test operations, and test results.

Romig, Barbara; Kosmo, Joseph; Gernhardt, Michael; Abercromby, Andrew

2009-01-01

300

Cognitive Performance Measures in Bioelectromagnetic Research - Critical Evaluation and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

Background The steady increase of mobile phone usage has led to a rising concern about possible adverse health effects of radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF EMF) exposure at intensities even below the existing safety limits. Accumulating evidence suggests that pulse-modulated RF EMF may alter brain physiology. Yet, whereas effects on the human electroencephalogram in waking and sleep have repeatedly been shown in recent years, results on cognitive performance are inconsistent. Methods This review compares 41 provocation studies regarding the effects of RF EMF exposure similar to mobile telephones on cognitive performance measures in humans. The studies were identified via systematic searches of the databases Pub Med and ISI Web of Science and were published in peer-reviewed journals between 1998 and the end of 2009. Results Based on a critical discussion within the scope of methodological standards it is concluded that state-of-the-art-methods in bio-electromagnetic research on RF EMF effects and cognition have neither been specified nor fully implemented over the last 10-11 years. The lack of a validated tool, which reliably assesses changes in cognitive performance caused by RF EMF exposure, may contribute to the current inconsistencies in outcomes. The high variety of findings may also be due to methodological issues such as differences in sample size and the composition of study groups, experimental design, exposure setup as well as the exposure conditions, and emphasizes the need for a standardized protocol in bioelectromagnetic research. Conclusions At present, no underlying biological mechanism has been identified which mediates the effects on brain functioning as observed in electroencephalographic (EEG) studies. A future aim must be to identify this mechanism as well as a reliable exposure protocol in order to gain more insights into possible behavioral and related health consequences of high-frequency EMF exposure. PMID:21266038

2011-01-01

301

http://www.ucop.edu/research-graduate-studies/_files/research/documents/research_opp_fund.pdf 9/16/2013 UC RESEARCH  

E-print Network

http://www.ucop.edu/research-graduate-studies/_files/research/documents/research_opp_fund.pdf 9/16/2013 UC RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FUND OVERVIEW OF FUNDING The Office of Research and Graduate Studies (ORGS-wide research. Funds are to pilot or seed new projects that can demonstrate a strong "systemwide benefit

California at Santa Cruz, University of

302

Evaluation of UK Integrated Care Pilots: research protocol  

PubMed Central

Background In response to concerns that the needs of the aging population for well-integrated care were increasing, the English National Health Service (NHS) appointed 16 Integrated Care Pilots following a national competition. The pilots have a range of aims including development of new organisational structures to support integration, changes in staff roles, reducing unscheduled emergency hospital admissions, reduced length of hospital stay, increasing patient satisfaction, and reducing cost. This paper describes the evaluation of the initiative which has been commissioned. Study design and data collection methods A mixed methods approach has been adopted including interviews with staff and patients, non-participant observation of meetings, structured written feedback from sites, questionnaires to patients and staff, and analysis of routinely collected hospital utilisation data for patients/service users. The qualitative analysis aims to identify the approaches taken to integration by the sites, the benefits which result, the context in which benefits have resulted, and the mechanisms by which they occur. Methods of analysis The quantitative analysis adopts a ‘difference in differences’ approach comparing health care utilisation before and after the intervention with risk-matched controls. The qualitative data analysis adopts a ‘theory of change’ approach in which we triangulate data from the quantitative analysis with qualitative data in order to describe causal effects (what happens when an independent variable changes) and causal mechanisms (what connects causes to their effects). An economic analysis will identify what incremental resources are required to make integration succeed and how they can be combined efficiently to produce better outcomes for patients. Conclusion This evaluation will produce a portfolio of evidence aimed at strengthening the evidence base for integrated care, and in particular identifying the context in which interventions are likely to be effective. These data will support a series of evaluation judgements aimed at reducing uncertainties about the role of integrated care in improving the efficient and effective delivery of healthcare. PMID:20922068

Ling, Tom; Bardsley, Martin; Adams, John; Lewis, Richard; Roland, Martin

2010-01-01

303

Graduate Studies and Research University of California, San Diego  

E-print Network

Graduate Studies and Research University of California, San Diego La Jolla, California 92093 Graduate Divison and Research San Diego State University San Diego, California 92182 Joint Doctoral Program

Gallo, Linda C.

304

How Do Faculty Make Formative Use of Student Evaluation Feedback?: A Multiple Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This multiple case study explored faculty formative use of student evaluation feedback. Results were based on interviews of ten education faculty members at a midwestern research university and reviews of relevant documents. It was found that end of semester student evaluation, originally used for summative evaluation, was also used by faculty for teaching improvement purposes. Faculty cared for student evaluation

Yuankun Yao; Marilyn L. Grady

2005-01-01

305

Transcript-based computer animation of movement: Evaluating a new tool for nonverbal behavior research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new approach for the use of computer animation in experimental nonverbal research is introduced. The method was evaluated\\u000a in a pilot study comparing video recordings of movement in dyadic interactions with computer animations based on transcripts\\u000a of the behavior, to determine whether similar impression effects could be obtained. At the core of our development is a software\\u000a tool allowing

Gary Bente; Anita Petersen; Nicole C. Krämer; Jan Peter de Ruiter

2001-01-01

306

Virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of anxiety disorders: an evaluation of research quality.  

PubMed

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support the effectiveness of virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) for anxiety disorders; however, the overall quality of the VRET RCT literature base has yet to be evaluated. This study reviewed 27 VRET RCTs and the degree of adherence to 8 RCT research design criteria derived from existing standards. Adherence to the study quality criteria was generally low as the articles met an average 2.85 criteria (SD=1.56). None of the studies met more than six quality criteria. Study quality did not predict effect size; however, a reduction in effect size magnitude was observed for studies with larger sample sizes when comparing VRET to non-active control groups. VRET may be an effective method of treatment but caution should be exercised in interpreting the existing body of literature supporting VRET relative to existing standards of care. The need for well-designed VRET research is discussed. PMID:25093964

McCann, Russell A; Armstrong, Christina M; Skopp, Nancy A; Edwards-Stewart, Amanda; Smolenski, Derek J; June, Jennifer D; Metzger-Abamukong, Melinda; Reger, Greg M

2014-08-01

307

State of health economic evaluation research in Saudi Arabia: a review  

PubMed Central

Background If evaluation of economic evidence is to be used increasingly in Saudi Arabia, a review of the published literature would be useful to inform policy decision-makers of the current state of research and plan future research agendas. The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical review of the state of health economic evaluation research within the Saudi context with regard to the number, characteristics, and quality of published articles. Methods A literature search was conducted on May 8, 2011 to identify health economic articles pertaining to Saudi Arabia in the PubMed, Embase, and EconLit databases, using the following terms alone or in combination: “cost*”, “economics”, “health economics”, “cost-effectiveness”, “cost-benefit”, “cost minimization”, “cost utility analysis”, and “Saudi”. Reference lists of the articles identified were also searched for further articles. The tables of contents of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal and the Saudi Medical Journal were reviewed for the previous 5 years. Results The search identified 535 citations. Based on a reading of abstracts and titles, 477 papers were excluded. Upon reviewing the full text of the remaining 58 papers, 43 were excluded. Fifteen papers were included. Ten were categorized as full economic evaluations and five as partial economic evaluations. These articles were published between 1997 and 2010. The majority of the studies identified did not clearly state the perspective of their evaluation. There are many concerns about the methods used to collect outcome and costs data. Only one study used some sort of sensitivity analysis to assess the effects of uncertainty on the robustness of its conclusions. Conclusion This review highlights major flaws in the design, analysis, and reporting of the identified economic analyses. Such deficiencies mean that the local economic evidence available to decision-makers is not very useful. Thus, building research capability in health economics is warranted. PMID:22826634

Al-Aqeel, Sinaa A

2012-01-01

308

The researcher's dilemma: evaluating trust in computer-mediated communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to establish a methodological foundation for human-computer interaction (HCI) researchers aiming to assess trust between people interacting via computer- mediated communication (CMC) technology. The most popular experimental paradigm currently employed by HCI researchers are social dilemma games based on the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD), a technique originating from economics. HCI researchers employing this experimental paradigm

Jens Riegelsberger; Martina Angela Sasse; John D. Mccarthy

2003-01-01

309

Evaluating alternative research paradigms: A market?oriented framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between the underlying assumptions of two alternative research paradigms, positivism and social constructionism, and five key marketing principles. It is argued that social constructionism is the more market?oriented paradigm in the sense that it advocates explicitly: (1) the full involvement rather than detachment of marketers and consumers in the research process (marketing research); (2) the

David Marsden; Dale Littler

1996-01-01

310

The Role of Theory in Learning Technology Evaluation Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts a fundamental analysis of the nature of research into e-learning and the role that theory plays in this. We examine "research" in broad terms, and the nature of phenomena in general. We identify that e-learning is an artificial phenomenon, and that research approaches need to be cognisant of the design elements in e-learning,…

Phillips, Rob; Kennedy, Gregor; McNaught, Carmel

2012-01-01

311

Research on Trust Evaluation Model of Grid Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an open grid of services architecture, to reflect service reliability is a major security problem. In this paper a trust evaluation model based on compensation is presented to enhance the reliability and credibility of grid services by evaluating the servicespsila trust value dynamically. For evaluating servicespsila trust, the trust model combines consumerspsila commendatory trust, services access frequency, servicepsilas own

Xiaohua Dong; Zhongfu Wu

2008-01-01

312

Research on safety evaluation method of military software  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is analyzed that the high reliability demand of ordnance software and the safety evaluation of military software are necessary, and the safety evaluation indicates are confirmed. It is provided that the software safety test and evaluation model utilize the software safety test data getting from the test procedure based on the importance sampling and acceleration testing, to get the

Sasa Ma; Dongqing Liu; Aihua Xu

2009-01-01

313

Champagne Prototyping: A Research Technique for Early Evaluation of Complex End-User Programming Systems  

E-print Network

Champagne Prototyping: A Research Technique for Early Evaluation of Complex End-User Programming@microsoft.com Abstract Although a variety of evaluation techniques are available to researchers of visual and end-budget research technique for use during the early prototyping phase of designing changes to end-user programming

Blackwell, Alan

314

Advancing Positive Youth Development: Perspectives of Youth as Researchers and Evaluators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the journey taken by a group of adolescents into the field and practice of youth-led research. The article gives voice to the growing number of youth participating in research and evaluation. The authors give authentic youth accounts of: (1) the process of becoming researchers and evaluators, (2) the benefits and challenges…

White, David J.; Shoffner, Anna; Johnson, Kendal; Knowles, Netti; Mills, Madison

2012-01-01

315

Teaching Research and Practice Evaluation Skills to Graduate Social Work Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examined outcomes of a graduate course on evaluating social work practice that required students to use published research, quantitative measures, and single-system designs in a simulated practice evaluation project. Method: Practice evaluation projects from a typical class were analyzed for the number of research references…

Wong, Stephen E.; Vakharia, Sheila P.

2012-01-01

316

Collaboration in a Multidisciplinary, Distributed Research Organization: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaboration has become a main characteristic of academic research today. New forms of research organizations, colaboratories, have come to the fore, with distributed research centres as their most complex example. In this study, we aim to provide some insight into the collaboration strategies of researchers in their daily researching activities…

Duysburgh, Pieter; Naessens, Kris; Konings, Wim; Jacobs, An

2012-01-01

317

Evaluation of an Online Study Skills Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the evaluation of an online study skills course unit designed, using evidence-based principles, to support undergraduate students. A mixed-methods approach was employed to establish the extent to which the unit was (a) fit for purpose and (b) effective. Data were obtained from an online survey (n = 63) conducted on entry to…

Pryjmachuk, Steven; Gill, Anita; Wood, Patricia; Olleveant, Nicola; Keeley, Philip

2012-01-01

318

The Reliability of Auditor Judgments: A Meta-evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reliability of evaluators' judgments was investigated, using a discrepancy evaluation model within a program evaluation context. Two research problems were addressed: the degree of evaluator reliability in detecting and rating problems in federal educational project planning, management, and evaluation; and the relationship between inter-judge…

Bergquist, Constance C.

319

Using Evaluation and Research Theory to Improve Programs in Applied Settings: An Interview with Thomas D. Cook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interview with T. Cook, author of works on the use of research and evaluation theory and design, touches on such topics as practical evaluation, planning programs with evaluation or research design, and evaluation of programs for gifted students. (CL)

Buescher, Thomas M.

1986-01-01

320

Joined-wing research airplane feasibility study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The joined wing is a new type of aircraft configuration which employs tandem wings arranged to form diamond shapes in plan view and front view. Wind-tunnel tests and finite-element structural analyses have shown that the joined wing provides the following advantages over a comparable wing-plus-tail system; lighter weight and higher stiffness, higher span-efficiency factor, higher trimmed maximum lift coefficient, lower wave drag, plus built-in direct lift and direct sideforce control capability. To verify these advantages at full scale a manned research airplane is required. A study has therefore been performed of the feasibility of constructing such an airplane, using the fuselage and engines of the existing NAA AD-1 oblique-wing airplane. Cost and schedule constraints favored converting the AD-1 rather than constructing a totally new airframe. By removing the outboard wing panels the configuration can simulate wings joined at 60, 80, or 100 percent of span. For maximum versatility the aircraft has alternative control surfaces (such as ailerons and elevators on the front and/or rear wings), and a removeable canard to explore canard/joined-wing interactions at high-lift conditions. Design, performance, and flying qualities are discussed.

Wolkovitch, J.

1984-01-01

321

Psychological Studies in Nonionizing Electromagnetic Energy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on nonionizing electromagnetic (NIEM) energy has focused on potential hazards, and to a lesser degree beneficial applications, of radiofrequency (RF) fields and extremely low frequency (ELF) fields. The history of research on the potential biological effects of NIEM contains many psychological investigations. These psychological investigations were conducted primarily in the discipline of biopsychology and included interdisciplinary cooperation with engineering,

Mary Ellen Oconnor

1993-01-01

322

Research Organizations Participating in the HEAL Study  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

323

Commercialization of Research: A Case Study of Australian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research commercialization is a crucial aspect of technological innovation and is a complex socio-economic and technological process. This paper explores the commercialization of university research, drawing on an empirical study of the development of research commercialization by Australian universities. The study addresses three main research

Zhao, Fang

2004-01-01

324

Peace Studies 1B03E Library Research  

E-print Network

, college and university students · Publishers are professional organizations, universities, research Studies 1B03E: Library Research Searching by topic: Tips & Tricks · Break your topic into keywordsPeace Studies 1B03E Library Research Olga Perkovic Mills Research Help 2nd floor - ext. 22533

Haykin, Simon

325

A bibliometric study of productivity and impact of modern language and literature research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bibliometric evaluation was made of research performance in modern language and linguistics research. Separate analyses were made for language and linguistics and for literature components of each language in the study. The study covered both publications directed at a national or international scholarly output and publications destined for the general public. The latter accounted for 8–73% of the output,

Anton J Nederhof

2011-01-01

326

Formative Ethnographic Research to Improve Evaluation of a Novel Water System in Ghana  

PubMed Central

The accessibility of potable water is fundamental to public health. A private for-profit company is installing kiosk-based drinking-water systems in rural and peri-urban villages in Ghana, and we evaluated their performance. Preceding an observational study to measure the effect of these kiosks on the incidence of water-related disease in recipient communities, we conducted ethnographic research to assess local water-related practices and the ways these practices would affect adoption of the new technology. We conducted fieldwork in two communities in Ghana and interviewed stakeholders throughout the water sector. Our findings illustrate the complexity of water-related behaviors and indicate several factors that may sustain disease transmission despite the presence of the new technology. This formative ethnographic research also improved the precision of our subsequent evaluation of the intervention by providing a site-specific, culturally-appropriate knowledge base. This study demonstrates the value of incorporating qualitative research techniques into evaluations of water-related projects. PMID:21540392

Alcorn, Ted E.; Opryszko, Melissa C.; Schwab, Kellogg J.

2011-01-01

327

FIRE (facilitating implementation of research evidence): a study protocol  

PubMed Central

Background Research evidence underpins best practice, but is not always used in healthcare. The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework suggests that the nature of evidence, the context in which it is used, and whether those trying to use evidence are helped (or facilitated) affect the use of evidence. Urinary incontinence has a major effect on quality of life of older people, has a high prevalence, and is a key priority within European health and social care policy. Improving continence care has the potential to improve the quality of life for older people and reduce the costs associated with providing incontinence aids. Objectives This study aims to advance understanding about the contribution facilitation can make to implementing research findings into practice via: extending current knowledge of facilitation as a process for translating research evidence into practice; evaluating the feasibility, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of two different models of facilitation in promoting the uptake of research evidence on continence management; assessing the impact of contextual factors on the processes and outcomes of implementation; and implementing a pro-active knowledge transfer and dissemination strategy to diffuse study findings to a wide policy and practice community. Setting and sample Four European countries, each with six long-term nursing care sites (total 24 sites) for people aged 60 years and over with documented urinary incontinence Methods and design Pragmatic randomised controlled trial with three arms (standard dissemination and two different programmes of facilitation), with embedded process and economic evaluation. The primary outcome is compliance with the continence recommendations. Secondary outcomes include proportion of residents with incontinence, incidence of incontinence-related dermatitis, urinary tract infections, and quality of life. Outcomes are assessed at baseline, then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the start of the facilitation interventions. Detailed contextual and process data are collected throughout, using interviews with staff, residents and next of kin, observations, assessment of context using the Alberta Context Tool, and documentary evidence. A realistic evaluation framework is used to develop explanatory theory about what works for whom in what circumstances. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11598502. PMID:22453077

2012-01-01

328

75 FR 43145 - Evaluation of State Coastal Management Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...evaluate the performance of the North Inlet/Winyah Bay (South Carolina) National Estuarine Research Reserve and the Pennsylvania...visits. Dates and Times: The North Inlet/Winyah Bay (South Carolina) National Estuarine Research Reserve...

2010-07-23

329

Llifelog : discovering and evaluating research projects through peer-to-peer exchange  

E-print Network

Llifelog is a web platform for discovering, evaluating, and exchanging research projects among students and researchers from both academia and industry. The goal of Llifelog is foster a community of critique among students ...

Bian, Li, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01

330

Documentation in Evaluation Research: Managerial and Scientific Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of documentation in the planning and control functions of project management is reviewed. The importance of documentation in the assessment of research quality with respect to objectivity, validity, and replicability is discussed. An outline of documentation required in different phases of research projects is provided. (Author/DWH)

Pollard, William E.; And Others

1985-01-01

331

Women's Erotic Rape Fantasies: An Evaluation of Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is the first systematic review of the research literature on women's rape fantasies. Current research indicates that between 31% and 57% of women have fantasies in which they are forced into sex against their will, and for 9% to 17% of women these are a frequent or favorite fantasy experience. Erotic rape fantasies are paradoxical: they do not

Joseph W. Critelli; Jenny M. Bivona

2008-01-01

332

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1995  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1995 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in Rye Brook, New York. he symposium was the eighth annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA's Biosystems Technol...

333

BIOREMEDIATION OF HAZARDOUS WASTES - RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND FIELD EVALUATIONS - 1994  

EPA Science Inventory

The proceedings of the 1994 Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes, hosted by the Office of Research and Development (ORD) of the EPA in San Francisco, California. The symposium was the seventh annual meeting for the presentation of research conducted by EPA's Biosystem...

334

Evaluating Rigor in Qualitative Methodology and Research Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite previous and successful attempts to outline general criteria for rigor, researchers in special education have debated the application of rigor criteria, the significance or importance of small n research, the purpose of interpretivist approaches, and the generalizability of qualitative empirical results. Adding to these complications, the…

Trainor, Audrey A.; Graue, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

335

Common Core Curriculum for Vocational Education. Category G: Evaluation and Research. G-4: Research Design in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on research design in vocational education is one of a set of five on evaluation and research and is part of a larger series of thirty-four modules constituting a core curriculum for use in the professional preparation of vocational educators in the areas of agricultural, business, home economics, and industrial education. Following…

Moshier, Kenneth

336

Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID)  

E-print Network

Modelling and Evaluation Research in MIMD ArchItecture Design (MERMAID) A.D. Pimentel L: performance evaluation, simulation, MIMD architectures Introduction The Mermaid project focuses must be simulated without too much remodelling effort. The MIMD architectures modelled within Mermaid

337

RESEARCH AND DOCTORAL STUDIES FACULTy OF SCIENCE  

E-print Network

;HISTORy AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE UNIvERSITy OF SOUTH BOHEmIA USB is a research university focusing for students with lectures there. Sports facilities include gyms, an athletics stadium, and basketball

South Bohemia, University of

338

Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one instructor taught a research methods course (scientific

Patrick Shannon; Wooksoo Kim; Adjoa Robinson

2012-01-01

339

Summary of California DSM impact evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years, four of the largest investor-owned California utilities have completed more than 50 evaluation studies designed to measure the energy and demand impacts of their demand-side management (DSM) programs. These four are: Pacific Gas and Electric (PG and E), Southern California Edison (SCE), Southern California Gas (SoCalGas), and San diego Gas and Electric (SDG and E). These studies covered residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural DSM programs and provided a wealth of information on program impacts. The objective of this report is to summarize the results of these DSM evaluation studies in order to describe what DSM has achieved in California, to assess how well these achievements were forecast, and to compare the effectiveness of different types of DSM programs. This report documents the sizable investment made by the California utilities in their 1990--92 DSM programs. Between 1990 and 1992, the four utilities spent $772 million on energy-efficiency/conservation programs. This report also summarizes the realization rates estimated by the 50+ evaluation studies. Realization rates are defined as ex-post net savings estimates divided by ex-ante net savings estimates. Realization rates are summarized for 158 programs and program segments.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Mihlmester, P.E. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1994-10-01

340

Research on Core Staff Evaluation Based on Niche  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper consults the theory and technology of niche evaluation of ecology, introduces the concept of human resource niche, establishes the indexes and model for human resource niche evaluation for core staff of the organization, and at last the application test of the model is made for core staff of Chinese enterprises .

Yan Aimin

2007-01-01

341

Delaware Sea Grant Research: Coastal Ocean Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website reviews research projects funded by the Delaware Sea Grant, which focus on improving the scientific basis for assessing and managing the response of coastal waters and watersheds to human impacts. The website describes five projects, one of which examines the harmful algae Chattonella. A description of this University of Delaware research project is provided, which is focused on investigating the potential roles of photobiology, nutrient utilization, and biological controls.

2010-02-03

342

Clinical nursing research priorities: a Delphi study.  

PubMed

Using the delphi technique, a group of clinical nurse specialists was surveyed regarding delineation of clinical nursing research priorities. Upon completion of the four-round survey, the results suggested that the top priorities for nursing research are: (1) factors which influence longevity in clinical nursing practice, (2) patient care delivery systems as related to nurse satisfaction, and (3) indicators of quality nursing care. PMID:2049728

Fitzpatrick, E; Sullivan, J; Smith, A; Mucowski, D; Hoffmann, E; Dunn, P; Trice, M; Grosso, L

1991-01-01

343

Consortium for Research on Educational Accountability and Teacher Evaluation. (CREATE) News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Ninth Annual Evaluation Institute of the Consortium for Research on Accountability and Teacher Evaluation (CREATE) "Educational Accountability: Assessment, Evaluation, and Technology Assessment and Evaluation," San Jose, California, July 20-23, 2000. The Institute featured more than 50 presentations with 4 keynote addresses. Lists…

Airasian, Peter W.; Horn, Sandy

2000-01-01

344

Optimizing research methods used for the evaluation of antimicrobial stewardship programs.  

PubMed

Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) are an increasingly common intervention for optimizing antimicrobial therapy in healthcare settings. These programs aim to improve patient care and limit the emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant organisms by supporting prudent antimicrobial use. However, pressure from the current reimbursement climate necessitates that ASPs operate as cost-cutting programs rather than focus on patient outcomes. This has forced the research that is evaluating ASP interventions to concentrate heavily on economic outcomes. As the science of antimicrobial stewardship advances, it is essential that well-conducted evaluations, focused on patient and microbial outcomes, serve as the evidence base that directs optimal ASP intervention design and implementation. In this review, we provide guidance and recommendations for the design of studies to evaluate the impact of ASP interventions on patient and microbial outcomes. PMID:25261546

McGregor, Jessina C; Furuno, Jon P

2014-10-15

345

It's all about relationships: A qualitative study of health researchers' perspectives of conducting interdisciplinary health research  

PubMed Central

Background Interdisciplinary research has been promoted as an optimal research paradigm in the health sciences, yet little is known about how researchers experience interdisciplinarity in practice. This study sought to determine how interdisciplinary research was conceptualized and operationalized from the researcher's perspective and to better understand how best to facilitate interdisciplinary research success. Methods Key informant interviews were conducted with health researchers with expertise or experience in conducting interdisciplinary research. Interviews were completed either in person or over the telephone using a semi-structured interview guide. Data collection occurred simultaneously with data analysis so that emerging themes could be explored in subsequent interviews. A content analysis approach was used. Results Nineteen researchers took part in this study. Interdisciplinary research was conceptualized disparately between participants, and there was modest attention towards operationalization of interdisciplinary research. There was one overriding theme, "It's all about relationships", that emerged from the data. Within this theme, there were four related subthemes: 1) Involvement in interdisciplinary research; 2) Why do I do interdisciplinary research?; 3) Managing and fostering interdisciplinary relationships; and 4) The prickly side to interdisciplinary research. Together, these themes suggest that the choice to conduct interdisciplinary research, though often driven by the research question, is highly influenced by interpersonal and relationship-related factors. In addition, researchers preferred to engage in interdisciplinary research with those that they had already established relationships and where their role in the research process was clearly articulated. A focus on relationship building was seen as a strong facilitator of interdisciplinary success. Conclusion Many health researchers experienced mixed reactions towards their involvement in interdisciplinary research. A well thought-out rationale for interdisciplinary research, and strategies to utilize the contribution of each researcher involved were seen as facilitators towards maximizing the benefits that could be derived from interdisciplinary research. PMID:18501005

Nair, Kalpana M; Dolovich, Lisa; Brazil, Kevin; Raina, Parminder

2008-01-01

346

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...project likely to further advance food and agricultural research and...potential for augmenting the food and agricultural scientific...effectiveness of the Nation's food and agricultural scientific...organizational structures and reward systems to attract, hire...

2012-01-01

347

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...project likely to further advance food and agricultural research and...potential for augmenting the food and agricultural scientific...effectiveness of the Nation's food and agricultural scientific...organizational structures and reward systems to attract, hire...

2013-01-01

348

78 FR 29159 - Electric Power Research Institute; Seismic Evaluation Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...an endorsement letter of Electric Power Research Institute...States [CEUS] Seismic Source Characterization for Nuclear Facilities...Description of Subsurface Materials and Properties,'' and...Case Profiles and Nonlinear Material Properties'' of...

2013-05-17

349

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...scientific knowledge base? Does the project address a State, regional, national, or international problem(s)? Will the benefits...researchers at other institutions? 10 points. (3) Innovation—Are significant aspects of the project based on an...

2010-01-01

350

7 CFR 3406.20 - Evaluation criteria for research proposals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...scientific knowledge base? Does the project address a State, regional, national, or international problem(s)? Will the benefits...researchers at other institutions? 10 points. (3) Innovation—Are significant aspects of the project based on an...

2011-01-01

351

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 12.99.99.A1.02 Resident Director Performance Evaluation Page 1 of 5 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures  

E-print Network

Texas AgriLife Research Procedure 12.99.99.A1.02 Resident Director Performance Evaluation Page 1 of 5 Texas AgriLife Research Procedures 12.99.99.A1.02 RESIDENT DIRECTOR PERFORMANCE EVALUATION STATEMENT A Texas AgriLife Research (AgriLife Research) Resident Director's evaluation will be based

352

Evaluation of the Scientific Outputs of Researchers with Similar H Index: a Critical Approach  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose: h-index has been always reviewed as one of the most useful criteria for evaluating the scientific outputs of researchers by the sciencometric experts. In this study, the h-index of 40 Iranian researchers accompanied with its relationship to assessment criteria of scientific outputs such as the number of articles, scientific age, number of citations and self-citation were reviewed. Materials and Methods: The first part of this study was related to the literature review. But the information of 40 Iranian researchers’ Citation Reports was observational extracted from WOS database and the Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to answer the research hypotheses Results: Citation analysis showed that 40 selected researchers published 877 articles in web of science up to 9 January 2013. These articles have been cited 3858 time. The average of their h-index was estimated 38.5 ±12.12 Correlation coefficient test showed that there was a significant and direct relationship between the h-index and the number of papers, the number of citations and self-citation (Sig>0.05) but there was no significant relationship between scientific age and h-index (Sig> 0.05). Conclusions: Analysis of the data showed that the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the researchers with the same h-index had considerable differences. Therefore, only the h-index should not be a criterion for scientific ranking of the researchers and other complementary indexes such as M parameter and G index along with h-index must be used to be able to more accurately determine the degree of scientific influence of the researchers with the same h. PMID:25395728

Ahangar, Hemmat Gholinia; Siamian, Hasan; Yaminfirooz, Mousa

2014-01-01

353

Facilitating comparative effectiveness research in cancer genomics: evaluating stakeholder perceptions of the engagement process  

PubMed Central

Aims The Center for Comparative Effectiveness Research in Cancer Genomics completed a 2-year stakeholder-guided process for the prioritization of genomic tests for comparative effectiveness research studies. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of engagement procedures in achieving project goals and to identify opportunities for future improvements. Materials & methods The evaluation included an online questionnaire, one-on-one telephone interviews and facilitated discussion. Responses to the online questionnaire were tabulated for descriptive purposes, while transcripts from key informant interviews were analyzed using a directed content analysis approach. Results A total of 11 out of 13 stakeholders completed both the online questionnaire and interview process, while nine participated in the facilitated discussion. Eighty-nine percent of questionnaire items received overall ratings of agree or strongly agree; 11% of responses were rated as neutral with the exception of a single rating of disagreement with an item regarding the clarity of how stakeholder input was incorporated into project decisions. Recommendations for future improvement included developing standard recruitment practices, role descriptions and processes for improved communication with clinical and comparative effectiveness research investigators. Conclusions Evaluation of the stakeholder engagement process provided constructive feedback for future improvements and should be routinely conducted to ensure maximal effectiveness of stakeholder involvement. PMID:23459832

Deverka, Patricia A; Lavallee, Danielle C; Desai, Priyanka J; Armstrong, Joanne; Gorman, Mark; Hole-Curry, Leah; O'Leary, James; Ruffner, BW; Watkins, John; Veenstra, David L; Baker, Laurence H; Unger, Joseph M; Ramsey, Scott D

2013-01-01

354

Diagnosing autism in neurobiological research studies  

PubMed Central

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is by definition a complex and heterogeneous disorder. Variation in factors such as developmental level, language ability and IQ further complicate the presentation of symptoms. Clinical research and basic science must continue to inform each other’s questions to help address the heterogeneity inherent to the disorder. This review uses a clinical perspective to outline the common tools and best practices for diagnosing and characterizing ASD in a research setting. We discuss considerations for classifying research populations, including language ability and IQ and examine the advantages and disadvantages of different psychometric measurements. Ultimately, the contribution of multiple sources of data representing different perspectives is crucial for interpreting and understanding the ASD phenotype. PMID:23153932

Jones, Rebecca M.; Lord, Catherine

2012-01-01

355

SUBBASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN TERRESTRIAL RESEARCH, MONITORING AND EVALUATION  

E-print Network

­ including the Telford Unit), maintaining physical connections between core areas, and providing buffer zones species population trends will be monitored and evaluated over time. The results of these species

356

Intelligent land evaluation research based on Matlab and GIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applying the neural network to the land evaluation, we can break through the limitations that the traditional approaches are impacted by the human factors. Back propagation neural network (BP neural network) was used to evaluate the land suitability of the Changling town of the Guangshui city, Hubei province, China. We first establish evaluation index system, these indexes include the soil contamination degree, the irrigation guaranteed rate, the drainage condition, the pH value, the organic matter content. Then we establish the BP neural network and use MatLab to write the code forming the network. The evaluation criteria were input the network to train it. Then the network performance was test until the network meets the requirements. The evaluation data of the Changling town was input as the vectors to the appropriate network which calculates to get output vectors. And the output vectors were transformed the evaluation levels that can be imported the ArcGIS software to create the land suitability assessment figure. We can draw the conclusion that the suitability for the paddy field of the unused land and the arable land is very high and the ChangLin town is suitable for the development of paddy field agriculture.

Li, Hua; Chen, Youchao; Huang, Haifeng; Wu, Hao

2011-02-01

357

Project Monitoring and Evaluation: An Enhancing Method for Health Research System Management  

PubMed Central

Background: Planning, organizing, staffing, leading and monitoring are the basic functional component of management. In present article, we aim to define the project monitoring and evaluation in health research system (HRS) considering its success and challenges based on our national experience. Methods: In this study based on the information of annual Medical Science Universities evaluation during the last decade the HRS indicators have been scored in three axes based on HRS functions: Stewardship, capacity building and knowledge production. In this article, we will focus on the results of HRS evaluation from 2002 to 2010, also on its success and challenges. Results: In an overall view, the main results are the experiences of the designing and implantation of such process after pre-project preparation, all parts followed under the whole supervision of the aims of the HRS evaluation. Project management light the way of practical application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques for better HRS evaluation and management. Conclusions: We concluded that; although monitoring and evaluation as an essential part of HRS Management light the improvement ahead way but we still need to advantage of the new project management advances. PMID:24829740

Djalalinia, Shirin; Owlia, Parviz; Malekafzali, Hossein; Ghanei, Mostafa; Babamahmoodi, Abdolreza; Peykari, Niloofar

2014-01-01

358

Collaborative Research: The Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study as an Example of Collaborative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Alphabetic Braille Contracted Braille Study in relation to the dimensions of collaborative research: extent, intensity, substance, heterogeneity, velocity, formality, and productivity. It also discusses the dimensions of financing research and researchers' attitudes. The overall consensus is that the study would not have…

Wormsley, Diane P.; Emerson, Robert Wall; Erin, Jane

2011-01-01

359

Movement Studies. AAHPER Research Consortium Symposium Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of symposium papers provides current synthesis of research in the field of physical education and health. The importance of movement, body coordination, and physical activity in promoting better understanding and relationships between different ethnic groups is discussed. The hopeful possibilities provided by motor activities for…

Corbin, Charles B., Ed.

360

Research: Annotated Bibliography of New Canadian Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography of twenty-one research reports that provide knowledge about various cultures and educational experiences of the major ethnic groups in the Toronto schools is designed to present information for not only special English teachers, but other school personnel as well. The bibliography consists of reports that aim to: 1)…

Toronto Board of Education (Ontario). Research Dept.

361

in G raduate Studies and Research  

E-print Network

of the media in promoting human rights. The University of Saskatchewan has committed to being a major presence, they traveled the world to examine social, political and environmental challenges and to contribute to solutions the U15. Usher briefly discussed the concept of"Unique Value Proposition"(UVP) in science and research

Saskatchewan, University of

362

Studies in Teaching. 1996 Research Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 19 papers presented at Wake Forest University's 1996 Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) are as follows: "Initiating and Facilitating Discourse: An Examination of Methods of Four Secondary English Classrooms" (Stella Katherine Beale); "Cheating: Beliefs and Habits" (William Clark); "English Instructional Methods and the…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

363

Program for transfer research and impact studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The progress made in achieving TRIS research objectives during the first six months of 1972 is reviewed. The Tech Brief-Technical Support Package Program and technology transfer profiles are presented along with summaries of technology transfer in nondestructive testing, and visual display systems.

Kottenstette, J. P.; Rusnak, J. J.; Staskin, E. R.

1972-01-01

364

CHDD researcher studies primary immunodeficiency ............. 3  

E-print Network

of Washington Health Sciences Center Continued on Page 2 New Autism Center will emphasize early diagnosis, treatment Research shows that, if diagnosed at a young age and given intensive early behavioral intervention, many children with autism can achieve a substantial increase in intellectual capacity, daily

365

The Role of Ethnographic Interviewing in Climate Change Evaluation Research: Investigating Intended and Unintended program effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ethnographic interviewing is an under-utilized tool in climate change evaluation research, even though it has the potential to serve as a powerful method of data collection. The utility of the ethnographic interview lies in its ability to elicit responses from program participants describing what a program is in practice, shedding light on both intended and unintended program impacts. Drawing on evaluation work involving a federally-funded climate change grant at the University of California, Riverside, I will discuss how to design an ethnographic interview protocol in an effort to share "best practices" with other climate change evaluators. Particular attention will be given to applying ethnographic approaches to various program types, even those differing from the one discussed. I will share some of the concrete findings from my work on this grant, to serve as examples of the kinds of data evaluators can collect when employing an ethnographic approach to interviewing. UC Riverside's climate change grant is multi-faceted, however the component studied ethnographically was a science fair mentoring program. About twenty K-12 students from high poverty, ethnically diverse schools who expressed an interest in participating in science fair were paired up with graduate student mentors to simultaneously research climate change and design authentic science fair projects to compete at various levels. Since one of the stated goals of the grant is to "stimulate…students to consider climate science as a career track through experiential education activities" I was particularly interested in how student experiences with the project might differ from school science which has historically "pushed out" ethnically diverse students like those in many of Riverside's schools. (In the program students are able to interact one-on-one with a mentor and in school settings there is typically one teacher for more than thirty students). I also sought to understand student perceptions of the project design and implementation and how these perceptions might influence their thinking about science as a career. Further, I aimed to explore how mentor pedagogical philosophies might impact student experiences with the projects, since the scholarly literature supports the idea that teaching practices are linked to student success and interest in science. The key to ethnographic interviewing, which sets it apart from survey research and other interviewing styles is that the evaluator or researcher designs guided, yet open-ended questions, allowing informants to discuss what is important to them. This type of questioning affords the researcher the opportunity to ascertain whether or not the grant met some of its intended goals and impacts, while simultaneously granting participants the freedom to discuss unintended impacts not anticipated by the principal investigator and evaluator.

Lloro-Bidart, T.

2012-12-01

366

Assessment Study of an Undergraduate Research Training Abroad Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Old Westbury Neuroscience International Research Program (OWNIP) encourages undergraduate students from health disparities populations and underrepresented minorities to pursue careers in basic science, biomedical, clinical, and behavioral health research fields. To evaluate this program, several measures were used tracked through an online…

Nieto-Fernandez, Fernando; Race, Kathryn; Quarless, Duncan A.

2013-01-01

367

A Research Design for Studying Communication Climate Within a Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although difficult to assess, communication climate is a variable of much interest to researchers of organizational behavior. The present article describes a unique research design which was successfully implemented in a large telecommunication organization to evaluate the factors most influ ential in affecting communication climate as related to organizational behavior. Discussion focuses on the general applicability and specific advantages o

Susan Kogler Hill; Peter G. Northouse

1978-01-01

368

Medical research and evaluation facility and studies supporting the Medical Chemical Defense Program. Time and dose response characterization of the prevention of HD-induced NAD+ depletion and HD-induced cytotoxicity by niacinamide and niacin. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Studies were conducted under this task to Assess the time and concentration dependent nature of niacinamide (NM) protection against HD-induced NAD+ depletion and cytotoxicity. The HD concentrations used assess the time dependent nature of cytotoxicity and NAD+ depletion, and the impact of NM and niacin (NI) treatment were 13,62, 101, and 171 mu-M HD. Three concentrations of NM and NI were (0.01,0.1 and 1 mM) selected by USAMRICD for evaluation at 2, 4,8, 12, 16,20,24,48, and 72 hours after exposure to HD. Cytotoxicity and total culture NAD+ content were assessed. NAD+ concentrations following the addition of 1 mM NM frequently were significantly greater than those observed for the HD-exposed controls especially at 171mu-M HD. Multiple addition of NM had little protective effect relative to that by provided by pretreatment alone. At the 171mu-M HD concentration, the single addition of NM provided marginal but statistically significant (p<=0.05) protection. Comparisons of the different NM addition modes yielded mixed results, but usually the number of viable cells was greater with multiple additions of NM. NI did not provide protection against HD-induced NAD+ depletion or cytotoxicity.

Olson, C.T.; Johnson, J.B.; Blank, J.A.; Menton, R.G.; Starner, R.A.

1997-01-01

369

The evaluation of the National Partnership Project in England: processes, issues and dilemmas in commissioned evaluation research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the processes, issues and dilemmas involved in evaluation research undertaken in the context of changing and evolving government policy in education. The article is grounded in an evaluation of the National Partnership Project (NPP), the team conducted on behalf of England's Teacher Training Agency (TTA) in 2004–2005. It will not present a critique of partnership in England,

Anne Campbell; Olwen McNamara; John Furlong; Sarah F. Lewis; John Howson

2007-01-01

370

Evaluation of flexible pavement performance life in Florida. Final research report, October 1993--June 1998  

SciTech Connect

The pavement performance life provides information on how long a particular pavement type will typically last before it needs rehabilitation. This study presents the research effort to estimate the average flexible pavement performance life in Florida. Two data files of Pavement Condition Survey (PCS) and Work Program Administration (WPA) were used for this study. SAS programs were applied to analyze and manipulate these two data files. The pavement performance condition curves were developed for a large sample size of pavement sections based on the polynomial model. The average pavement performance lives were evaluated for each pavement group based on the performance curves. The results of the evaluation showed that the primary system had longer average performance life than the interstate system. Generally, the polynomial model performed well in fitting the data. The pavement performance curve indicates that if M and R are performed while the pavement is still in the `slow rate of deterioration` phase, life cycle cost may be reduced.

Ping, W.V.; He, Y.

1998-06-01

371

Effect of university policies on research productions: a scientometric study  

PubMed Central

Background: This study aimed to assess the effect of new package of interventions on scientific productions rate in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Methods: Through a health system research, we extracted policies from the strategic plan of the university and 10 interventions were developed to increase the scientific productions in terms of quality, quantity and commercialization and to develop infrastructure for research in health service provision and education. For evaluating the effectiveness of interventions, citation and publication indicators for individuals and schools were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test. They were extracted from Scopus and ISI web of knowledge during period of 1/1/2009 to 30/5/2012. Results: There was an increasing trend in scientific productions from 2009 to mid-2012. We found 60 percent of total scientific productions of the university were published during last 3.5 years. During this 3.5 years, 10 more percentile of faculty members involved in research. Schools of pharmacy, Medicine and Health had the highest scientific products. Mean for h-index was 1.5 (SD=2.49) in ISI and 1.9 (SD=2.89) in Scopus database (p<0.001). Conclusion: Effective policies and interventions lead to 46% increase in scientific productions from 2009 to 2010 and 56% increase from 2010 to 2011.

Sohrabi, Mohammad-Reza; Rahmati-Roodsari, Mohammad; Rahmdar, Saeid-Reza

2014-01-01

372

DRAFT BASINWIDE MONITORING, RESEARCH, EVALUATION, REPORTING AND DATA ACCESS FRAMEWORK (March 2012 version)  

E-print Network

DRAFT BASINWIDE MONITORING, RESEARCH, EVALUATION, REPORTING AND DATA ACCESS FRAMEWORK (March 2012 version) The latest version is entitled Draft Monitoring, Evaluation, Research, Reporting and Data Access Framework represents a substantial step forward as the Council prepares to amend the Fish and Wildlife

373

A Narrative Review of Greek Myths as Interpretative Metaphors in Educational Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews a series of Greek myths put forward as cultural narratives that could be used as metaphors or interpretative similes for explanatory and evaluative purposes in educational research and evaluation. These myths have been used in educational research literature, and most of them were found by carrying out an exhaustive search of…

Fernandez-Cano, Antonio; Torralbo, Manuel; Vallejo, Monica; Fernandez-Guerrero, Ines M.

2012-01-01

374

Beginning Interpretative Inquiry: A Step-by-Step Approach to Research and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Beginning Interpretive Inquiry" importantly makes the distinction between the use of "inquiry" rather than interpretive research or interpretive evaluation. Richard Morehouse explores how inquiry is a far more inclusive concept that allows for a detailed understanding of both research and evaluation. The author draws on his personal experiences…

Morehouse, Richard

2011-01-01

375

The National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs. Review of Research: Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a review of research pertaining to federally subsidized school nutrition programs are presented in this report. The review of research, the first phase of the National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs, is intended to provide guidance for the design of subsequent evaluation (including student, parent, and food administrator…

Nelson, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

376

Toward a General and Unified View of Educational Research and Educational Evaluation: Bridging Philosophy and Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses an important problem that may really be a pseudoproblem perpetuated by a current artificial or even political need to isolate researchers, evaluators, and theorists and put them in conceptual-methodological boxes. In this paper, we argue that scholars of all kinds should focus on the nouns (i.e., research, evaluation, theory)…

Perla, Rocco J.; Carifio, James

2009-01-01

377

The National Research and Evaluation Strategy for Vocational Education and Training in Australia 1997-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's new national vocational education and training (VET) research and evaluation (R&E) strategy is underpinned by the goal of improving the VET systems and must accommodate the needs of all the different stakeholders in the VET sector. It focuses on research applied in nature, consolidating and advancing knowledge, and on evaluation work…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

378

SECTION 51 Table of Contents 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan ................2  

E-print Network

51-1 SECTION 51 ­ Table of Contents 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan ................2 #12;51-2 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan In light of the various, distribution, and species composition for all fish that inhabit the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin. 2,8,9,10 1

379

Critical dialogue, critical methodology: bridging the research gap to young people's participation in evaluating children's services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests ways the academic debate on youth participation (and how this is translated into research designs) can inform the manner in which services collaborate with children and young people to evaluate their work. There is a gap between thinking from academic research and the practice of service evaluation that seems to be difficult to bridge. In order to

Liz Todd

2012-01-01

380

Assessing Student Perception of Practice Evaluation Knowledge in Introductory Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored the use of the Practice Evaluation Knowledge Scale (PEKS) to assess student perception of acquisition and retention of practice evaluation knowledge from an undergraduate research methods class. The authors sampled 2 semesters of undergraduate social work students enrolled in an introductory research methods course.…

Baker, Lisa R.; Pollio, David E.; Hudson, Ashley

2011-01-01

381

Research Priorities for FCTC Articles 20, 21, and 22: Surveillance/Evaluation and Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles 20, 21, and 22 call for strong monitoring and reporting of tobacco use and factors influencing use and disease (Articles 20 and 21) and for collaboration among the Parties and relevant organizations to share resources, knowledge, and expertise on all relevant tobacco control strategies (Article 22). Methods: This paper provides background information and discusses research strategies that would strengthen these efforts and better inform the Parties. By necessity, Articles 20 and 21 are discussed separately from Article 22, although 1 example that relates to both 20/21 and 22 is discussed at the end. Results: Twelve important research opportunities on surveillance and evaluation are recognized, along with 4 on collaboration. The authors believe that the 6 most important areas for research would study (a) possible underreporting of tobacco use among certain demographic groups in some countries, (b) measures of industry activities, (c) optimal sampling strategies, (d) sentinel surveillance, (e) networks of tobacco companies and their partners as they promote tobacco use and interfere with implementation of the FCTC, and (f) network/relationship factors that impact diffusion of knowledge and decision making on the implementation of the FCTC. In addition, we call for a review process of existing surveillance and evaluation strategies to coordinate activities to make optimal use of existing resources. This activity would involve networking as prescribed in Article 22. Conclusions: Studies and activities such as these would facilitate control of the tobacco epidemic. PMID:23335488

2013-01-01

382

Psychological studies in nonionizing electromagnetic energy research.  

PubMed

Research on nonionizing electromagnetic (NIEM) energy has focused on potential hazards, and to a lesser degree beneficial applications, of radiofrequency (RF) fields and extremely low frequency (ELF) fields. The history of research on the potential biological effects of NIEM contains many psychological investigations. These psychological investigations were conducted primarily in the discipline of biopsychology and included interdisciplinary cooperation with engineering, physical sciences, and other disciplines not routinely associated with psychology. The current recommended exposure level for RF is based on behavioral observations of laboratory animals. Psychology has been and continues to be in the midst of controversy regarding the ability of low-frequency, low-level electromagnetic energy or electric and magnetic fields to affect living organisms. PMID:8340784

O'Connor, M E

1993-01-01

383

LOC Federal Research Division: Country Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Research Division (FRD) provides customized research and analytical services on foreign and domestic topics to United States Government and District of Columbia agencies. This Web site "presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world and examines the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by cultural factors." The online books can be searched or browsed by particular country and include everything from a country profile, history, and physical environment description to economy, government, and national security information. Perhaps the most unique part of the site is an attempt to include only lesser known areas, making the conglomeration a good source of uncommon knowledge.

384

Data evaluation, analysis, and scientific study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Extensive work was performed in data analysis and modeling of solar active phenomena. The work consisted in the study of UV data from the Ultraviolet Spectrometer and Polarimeter (UVSP) instrument on board the Solar Maximum Mission satellite. These data were studied in conjunction with X-rays from the Hard X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (HXIS) instrument, and with H-alpha and magnetographic data from ground-based observatories. The processes we studied are the active phenomena which result from the interaction of the solar magnetic fields with the plasma in the outer regions of the solar atmosphere. These processes include some very dynamic processes such as the prominence eruptions and the 'microflares'. Our research aimed at characterizing the following: the observed phenomena, the possible physical models, and the relevance to the chromospheric and coronal heating.

Wu, S. T.

1991-01-01

385

Research Areas in Distance Education: A Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study had three purposes: Firstly, to develop a categorization of research areas in distance education; secondly, to identify the most important research areas in distance education; and thirdly, to identify the most neglected research areas in distance education. Based on a literature review and a Delphi study, three broad levels or…

Zawacki-Richter, Olaf

2009-01-01

386

GPA in Research Studies: An Invaluable but Neglected Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grade point average (GPA) often correlates highly with variables of interest to educational researchers and thus offers the potential to greatly increase the statistical power of their research studies. Yet this variable is often underused in marketing education research studies. The reliability and validity of the GPA are closely examined here in…

Bacon, Donald R.; Bean, Beth

2006-01-01

387

RADIOCARBON DATING AT THE INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER FOR JAPANESE STUDIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the International Research Center for Japanese Studies, a conventional radiocarbon laboratory using a liquid scintillation spectrometer, LKB-Wallac 1220 Quantulus has been operating in full since 1993. By the summer of 1996, we had performed more than 300 measurements of samples concerned with paleoenvironmental reconstructions and archaeological researches. Our laboratory code is JAS (International Research Center for Japanese Studies). This

Hiroyuki Kitagawa

1997-01-01

388

Evaluation of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model on  

E-print Network

the prospect of improving the accuracy of wind resource estimates and short-term wind energy forecasts. However: Implications for Wind Energy Brandon Storm*, Wind Science and Engineering Research Center, Texas Tech this region more favorable for wind energy production. At the same time, the presence of LLJs can

Basu, Sukanta

389

Evaluating Children's Use of Symbol in Some Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a number of examples of what appeared to be recurring symbolic expressions of spirituality found in my recent research into the spiritual experiences of children in Victorian State primary schools. These expressions appeared in drawings and in conversation. In this paper I use hermeneutic phenomenology and a multidisciplinary…

Moriarty, M. Wyn

2009-01-01

390

PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON DEATH ATTITUDES: AN OVERVIEW AND EVALUATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and the relationship of death concern to

ROBERT A. NEIMEYER; JOACHIM WITTKOWSKI; RICHARD P. MOSER

2004-01-01

391

Research Summary Evaluating Cydcoed have community-managed woodlands provided  

E-print Network

to social and environmental justice in Wales. Objectives This research aimed to: explore the social and close to nature. Cydcoed (which is Welsh for `Woods for All') used a large EU grant to fund community grant money for activities such as improving the condition of woods; opening up woods with new paths

392

An Evaluation of Research Students' Writing Support Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Achieving quality standards in postgraduate education, particularly among Higher Degree by Research (HDR) students, can be challenging. In addition to the diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of these students, thesis writing frequently involves the development of new skills associated with the comprehension of a large volume of…

O'Mahony, Barry; Verezub, Elena; Dalrymple, John; Bertone, Santina

2013-01-01

393

University Knowledge Management Tool for Academic Research Activity Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of an efficient university knowledge management system involves the de-velopment of several software tools that assist the decision making process for the three main activities of a university: teaching, research, and management. Artificial intelligence provides a variety of techniques that can be used by such tools: machine learning, data mining, text mining, knowledge based systems, expert systems, case-based

Mihaela OPREA

2011-01-01

394

Psychological Research on Death Attitudes: An Overview and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most substantial legacies of Herman Feifel was his pioneering research on attitudes toward death and dying in a variety of populations. The authors review the large and multifaceted literature on death anxiety, fear, threat and acceptance, focusing on the attitudes toward death and dying of relevant professional and patient groups, and…

Neimeyer, Robert A.; Wittkowski, Joachim; Moser, Richard P.

2004-01-01

395

Using Social Network Analysis to Evaluate Research Productivity and Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research productivity and collaborations are essential aspects of advancing academia. Publishing is a critical mechanism in higher education to allow faculty members to share new information in all disciplinary fields. Due to its importance, scholarly work is often heavily considered for promotion, tenure, compensation, and other merit decisions.…

Royal, Kenneth D.; Akers, Kathryn S.; Lybarger, Melanie A.; Zakrajsek, Todd D.

2014-01-01

396

Alternate Methods for Assuring Credibility of Research and Evaluation Findings in Project Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes six existing evaluator-auditor working formats and the conditions which foster credibility of evaluation findings. Evaluators were classified as: (1) member of project developmental team, accountable to project director; (2) independent internal evaluator, accountable to system in general but not to project directors, and (3)…

Denton, William T.; Murray, Wayne R.

397

Initial Report on a Study to Plan Development and Implementation of a Connecticut Library Research Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performed under the guidance of the Connecticut State Library and the Connecticut State Library Research Advisory Committee, this study includes (1) a survey of Connecticut librarians and library users to evaluate the need for a Library Research Center, (2) a design concept for a proposed operational system and a plan for its implementation, and…

United Aircraft Corporate Systems Center, Farmington, CT.

398

An Evaluation of the Sample Designs in Educational Survey Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper shares the findings of an inquiry that evaluated 50 survey articles published in a refereed journal, "Educational Administration Quarterly," by examining the 53 sample designs reported in the articles. The paper presents a typology of the sample designs identified, discusses the problems of sample selection and estimation procedures,…

Wang, Lin; McNamara, James F.

399

Early Childhood Research and Evaluation for State Licensing Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for state early childhood licensing administrators addresses the problem of obtaining systematic and reliable information about the operation of an early childhood or child care program. The book: (1) provides an introduction to early childhood program evaluation; (2) describes systematic observation techniques; (3) discusses summative…

Fiene, Richard

400

EVALUATION OF 1966 EOA SECONDARY SUMMER SCHOOL PROGRAM. RESEARCH REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTED IS AN EVALUATION OF A 6-WEEK SUMMER SCHOOL PROGRAM FOR 502 DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS ENTERING JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE FALL OF 1966. PROGRAM GOALS WERE TO RAISE ACHIEVEMENT LEVELS, REDUCE SUMMER LEARNING LOSSES, ENCOURAGE ASPIRATION AND MOTIVATION FOR LEARNING, AND PROVIDE ENRICHMENT. THESE OBJECTIVES WERE IMPLEMENTED BY INTENSIVE…

GODON, ROLF M.

401

Automated Writing Evaluation: Defining the Classroom Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advent of English as a global language, the ability to write well in English across diverse settings and for different audiences has become an imperative in second language education programmes throughout the world. Yet the teaching of second language writing is often hindered by the great amount of time and skill needed to evaluate

Warschauer, Mark; Ware, Paige

2006-01-01

402

Treatment Integrity in Psychotherapy Research: Analysis of the Studies and Examination of the Associated Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treatment integrity refers to the degree to which an intervention is delivered as intended. Two studies evaluated the adequacy of treatment integrity procedures (including establishing, assessing, evaluating, and reporting integrity; therapist treatment adherence; and therapist competence) implemented in psychotherapy research, as well as…

Perepletchikova, Francheska; Treat, Teresa A.; Kazdin, Alan E.

2007-01-01

403

34 CFR 413.21 - What selection criteria does the Secretary use to evaluate an application proposing research and...  

...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? 413...EDUCATION NATIONAL CENTER OR CENTERS FOR RESEARCH IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION How Does the...use to evaluate an application proposing research and development activities? The...

2014-07-01

404

Outcome Evaluation in Decision Making: ERP Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Decision making can be regarded as an outcome of mental processes (cognitive process) leading to the selection of a course\\u000a of action among several alternatives. Every decision-making process produces a final choice. In this chapter, we would use\\u000a the event-related brain potential (ERP) technique to study neural correlates of outcome evaluation in decision making.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Firstly, we used the motivation to

Yue-Jia Luo; Shi-Yue Sun; Xiao-Qin Mai; Ruo-Lei Gu; Hui-Jun Zhang

405

WA Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation & Development Conference a success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reported by Statewide Coordinator for PHCRED, Mrs Lyn Brun\\u000aThe University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle Campus was a buzz of activity at the end of November as over 40 early to mid-career researchers assembled to discuss their latest findings.\\u000aIt was fitting that the conference was staged at Fremantle this year, as it was four years ago that the

Michelle Ebbs

2008-01-01

406

The Future of Research Methods in Africana Studies Graduate Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the state of research methods in Africana studies. In addition, the role that courses on research methods\\u000a play in Africana Studies departments is also explored. Content analysis of departmental course offerings and descriptions\\u000a reveal that half of graduate level degrees granting Africana Studies programs offer departmental courses on research methods.\\u000a Moreover, the majority of the programs that

Serie Mcdougal

407

Research on Liquidity Risk Evaluation of Chinese A-Shares Market Based on Extension Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research defines the liquidity risk of stock market in matter-element theory and affair-element theory, establishes the indicator system of the forewarning for liquidity risks,designs the model and the process of early warning using the extension set method, extension dependent function and the comprehensive evaluation model. And the paper studies empirically A-shares market through the data of 1A0001, which prove that the model can better describe liquidity risk of China’s A-share market. At last, it gives the corresponding policy recommendations.

Bai-Qing, Sun; Peng-Xiang, Liu; Lin, Zhang; Yan-Ge, Li

408

Are National-Level Research Evaluation Models Valid, Credible, Useful, Cost-Effective, and Ethical?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of government-financed research has become increasingly important in the last few decades in terms of increasing the quality of, and payoff from, the research that is done, reducing the cost of doing it, and lending public credibility to the manner in which research is funded. But there are very large differences throughout the…

Coryn, Chris L. S.; Scriven, Michael

2007-01-01

409

The Research and Evaluation of Serious Games: Toward a Comprehensive Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present the methodological background to and underlying research design of an ongoing research project on the scientific evaluation of serious games and/or computer-based simulation games (SGs) for advanced learning. The main research questions are: (1) what are the requirements and design principles for a comprehensive social…

Mayer, Igor; Bekebrede, Geertje; Harteveld, Casper; Warmelink, Harald; Zhou, Qiqi; van Ruijven, Theo; Lo, Julia; Kortmann, Rens; Wenzler, Ivo

2014-01-01

410

Implementing a Service Learning Model for Teaching Research Methods and Program Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to teach students the basic knowledge of research methods and the realities of conducting research in the context of agencies in the community, faculty developed and implemented a service learning model for teaching research and program evaluation to foundation-year MSW students. A year-long foundation course was designed in which one…

Shannon, Patrick; Kim, Wooksoo; Robinson, Adjoa

2012-01-01

411

User-centered evaluation of information: a research challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - This paper sets out to present the concept of the value of information, review the descriptive, rational, social and behavioral approaches for assessing the value of information, and explain why user-centered rather than information-centered evaluations are the most relevant. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The paper starts by highlighting the main facets and market characteristics which influence the value of information.

Daphne R. Raban

2007-01-01

412

Economic Evaluation Research in the Context of Child Welfare Policy: A Structured Literature Review and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

Objectives With over 1 million children served by the U.S. Child Welfare system at a cost of $20 billion annually, this study examines the economic evaluation literature on interventions to improve outcomes for children at risk for and currently involved with the system, identifies areas where additional research is needed, and discusses the use of decision-analytic modeling to advance Child Welfare policy and practice. Methods The review included 19 repositories of peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed “gray” literatures, including items in English published before November, 2009. Original research articles were included if they evaluated interventions based on costs and outcomes. Review articles were included to assess the relevance of these techniques over time and to highlight the increasing discussion of methods needed to undertake such research. Items were categorized by their focus on: interventions for the U.S. Child Welfare system; primary prevention of entry into the system; and use of models to make long-term projections of costs and outcomes. Results Searches identified 2,640 articles, with 49 ultimately included (19 reviews and 30 original research articles). Between 1988 and 2009, reviews consistently advocated economic evaluation and increasingly provided methodological guidance. 21 of the original research articles focused on Child Welfare, while 9 focused on child mental health. Of the 21 Child Welfare articles, 81% (17) focused on the U.S. system. 47% (8/17) focused exclusively on primary prevention, though 83% of the U.S. system, peer-reviewed articles focused exclusively on prevention (5/6). 9 of the 17 articles included empirical follow-up (mean sample size: 264 individuals; mean follow-up: 3.8 years). 10 of the 17 articles used modeling to project longer-term outcomes, but 80% of the articles using modeling were not peer-reviewed. Although 60% of modeling studies included interventions for children in the system, all peer-reviewed modeling articles focused on prevention. Conclusions Methodological guidance for economic evaluations in Child Welfare is increasingly available. Such analyses are feasible given the availability of nationally-representative data on children involved with Child Welfare and evidence-based interventions. Practice Implications Policy analyses considering the long-term costs and effects of interventions to improve Child Welfare outcomes are scarce, feasible, and urgently needed. PMID:21944552

Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D.; Snowden, Lonnie R.; Wulczyn, Fred; Landsverk, John; Horwitz, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

413

The Evaluation of Large Research Initiatives: A Participatory Integrative Mixed-Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few decades there has been a rise in the number of federally funded large scientific research initiatives, with increased calls to evaluate their processes and outcomes. This article describes efforts to evaluate such initiatives in one agency within the U.S. federal government. The authors introduce the Evaluation of Large…

Trochim, William M.; Marcus, Stephen E.; Masse, Louise C.; Moser, Richard P.; Weld, Patrick C.

2008-01-01

414

In Search of Impact: An Analysis of the Utilization of Federal Health Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the utilizations of evaluations was based on a followup of 20 Federal health program evaluations to assess the degree to which the evaluations had been used and to identify the factors that affected varying degrees of utilization. Interviews were conducted with project officers or people they identified as decisionmakers who would…

Patton, Michael Q.; And Others

415

The Organization and Functions of Research and Evaluation in a Large Urban School District.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose, organization, and functions of research and evaluation in a large urban school district are discussed in light of several major issues in educational evaluation. Major issues include methods of assuring the credibility of evaluation information, the establishment and maintenance of meaningful reporting cycles, the recruitment and…

Webster, William J.

416

Drugs in the Workplace: Research and Evaluation Data. Volume II. Research Monograph 100.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents 14 articles on the topics of the nature and extent of drug use by the workforce; drug use and job performance indicators; and drug free workplace program research. These articles are included: (1) Research on Drugs and the Workplace: Introduction and Summary (Steven Gust, Dennis Crouch, J. Michael Walsh); (2) Drug Use…

Gust, Steven W., Ed.; And Others

417

Not so simple: a quasi-experimental study of how researchers adjudicate genetic research results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethicists contend that researchers are obliged to report genetic research findings to individual study participants when they are clinically significant, that is, when they are clinically useful or personally meaningful to participants. Yet whether such standards are well understood and can be consistently applied remains unknown. We conducted an international, cross-sectional survey of cystic fibrosis (CF) and autism genetics researchers

Robin Zoe Hayeems; Fiona Alice Miller; Li Li; Jessica Peace Bytautas

2011-01-01

418

Studying Instructional Television: What Should Be Evaluated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of instructional television (ITV) is a new field with evaluation methods largely borrowed from other disciplines. The evaluator is not apt to be trained specifically in this area but will learn "on the job" while defining his role for those with whom he works. The evaluator should consider the following recommendations: (1)…

McAnany, Emile G.; And Others

419

Research-Practice Collaboration in NYC: Evaluating the Implementation and Impact of the Expanded Success Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Alliance for New York City Schools is committed to conducting rigorous, non-partisan research studies on topics that matter to the city's public schools. One of the core functions of the Research Alliance is to conduct research in collaboration with other researchers at NYU, at other universities, and at other organizations across the…

Kemple, James; Nathanson, Lori; Villavicencio, Adriana; Duval, John

2012-01-01

420

Studies in Teaching: 2002 Research Digest. Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 2002)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the of an annual educational research forum held at Wake Forest University (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) on December 11, 2002. A table of contents and 27 research studies of high school teaching are included. Studies include: Effects of the Earth/Environmental Science Requirement on High School Science Enrollment in North…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

2002-01-01

421

Malaysian Supercomputer Research Centre. Feasibility study. Executive Summary. (Malaysia). Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study of a proposed new Malaysian Supercomputer Research Center (MSRC) was commissioned. The study includes market research, evaluation of technical alternatives, and financial performance studies. The proposed new center will be a useful resource, providing important capabilities to the region. The center appears financially viable under a wide variety of assumptions, if the size of the center is matched to the demand for services by paying customers.

Not Available

1992-01-01

422

3M microloop field evaluation report. Final research report  

SciTech Connect

This report looks at the effectiveness of microloops as replacements for the inductive loops that are used as advance detection sensors at actuated signalized intersections. It also evaluated whether different loop detector models from several manufacturers can operate satisfactorily and consistently when attached to the microloop, and also determined the performance accuracy of loop detectors attached to a one-probe microloop or to a two-probe microloop. The strong attributes of microloop-based traffic sensors include shorter installation time, less pavement invasion, and improved life-cycle costs compared to traditional saw cut inductive loops, while providing consistent and accurate performance under all environmental and road conditions.

Betts, R.M.; Hookman, E.

1999-04-01

423

3M microloop field evaluation report: Appendices. Final research report  

SciTech Connect

This report looks at the effectiveness of microloops as replacements for the inductive loops that are used as advance detection sensors at actuated signalized intersections. It also evaluated whether different loop detector models from several manufacturers can operate satisfactorily and consistently when attached to the microloop, and also determined the performance accuracy of loop detectors attached to a one-probe microloop or to a two-probe microloop. The strong attributes of microloop-based traffic sensors include shorter installation time, less pavement invasion, and improved life-cycle costs compared to traditional saw cut inductive loops, while providing consistent and accurate performance under all environmental and road conditions.

Betts, R.M.; Hookman, E.

1999-04-01

424

Design and evaluation of a research-based teaching sequence: The superposition of electric field  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper illustrates our approach to research-based teaching strategies, including their evaluation. It deals with a teaching sequence on the superposition of electric fields, implemented at college level in an institutional framework subject to severe constraints. The general approach to the teaching-learning processes is that of a motivated and guided construction. Consistently, this sequence was designed on the basis of two interrelated studies: a content analysis of the domain and an investigation of common ways of reasoning. Thus, the part played by multicausality in the superposition principle and the tendencies previously observed in common reasoning as regards the analysis of multivariable problems inspired the main choices made for this sequence. The evaluation method, using 'conceptual profiles', will be explained and illustrated with the main findings. A discussion of this approach ends the paper.

Viennot, Laurence; Rainson, Sylvie

2005-11-28

425

Mexico City Air Quality Research Initiative; Volume 5, Strategic evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Members of the Task HI (Strategic Evaluation) team were responsible for the development of a methodology to evaluate policies designed to alleviate air pollution in Mexico City. This methodology utilizes information from various reports that examined ways to reduce pollutant emissions, results from models that calculate the improvement in air quality due to a reduction in pollutant emissions, and the opinions of experts as to the requirements and trade-offs that are involved in developing a program to address the air pollution problem in Mexico City. The methodology combines these data to produce comparisons between different approaches to improving Mexico City`s air quality. These comparisons take into account not only objective factors such as the air quality improvement or cost of the different approaches, but also subjective factors such as public acceptance or political attractiveness of the different approaches. The end result of the process is a ranking of the different approaches and, more importantly, the process provides insights into the implications of implementing a particular approach or policy.

NONE

1994-03-01

426

Grade One Entrance Age Study. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the academic and social development of students who entered grade 1 very early (5:6 years or 5:7 years), in the mid range (5:8 to 6:3 years), and very late (6:4 years or older). The purpose of the study was to explore the hypothesis that the early grade 1 entrants would have continuing problems in both academic and social…

Pain, Kerrie

427

The Drug Evaluation and Classification Program in the state of Texas: a validation study  

E-print Network

A retrospective research study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program (DECP) procedures in order to identify subjects under the influence of specific drug categories. The investigator wanted...

Walden, Troy Duane

2005-08-29

428

Tracking the impact of research on policy and practice: investigating the feasibility of using citations in clinical guidelines for research evaluation  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate the feasibility of using research papers cited in clinical guidelines as a way to track the impact of particular funding streams or sources. Setting In recent years, medical research funders have made efforts to enhance the understanding of the impact of their funded research and to provide evidence of the ‘value’ of investments in particular areas of research. One of the most challenging areas of research evaluation is around impact on policy and practice. In the UK, the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) provide clinical guidelines, which bring together current high-quality evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of clinical problems. Research referenced in these guidelines is an indication of its potential to have real impact on health policy and practice. Design This study is based on analysis of the authorship and funding attribution of research cited in two NICE clinical guidelines: dementia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Results Analysis identified that around a third of papers cited in the two NICE guidelines had at least one author based in the UK. In both cases, about half of these UK attributed papers contained acknowledgements which allowed the source of funding for the research to be identified. The research cited in these guidelines was found to have been supported by a diverse set of funders from different sectors. The study also investigated the contribution of research groups based in universities, industry and the public sector. Conclusions The study found that there is great potential for guidelines to be used as sources of information on the quality of the research used in their development and that it is possible to track the source of the funding of the research. The challenge is in harnessing the relevant information to track this in an efficient way. PMID:22466037

Kryl, David; Allen, Liz; Dolby, Kevin; Viney, Ian

2012-01-01

429

Research Compensation and Lottery: An Online Empirical Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruiting participants for a research project can be challenging. Incentives, particularly monetary incentives, have been shown to increase response rates. Offering a monetary incentive for participation in a research study can become very costly for the investigators. For this reason some researchers, including graduate students involved in…

Zangeneh, Masood; Barmaki, Reza; Gibson-Wood, Hilary; Levitan, Michael-Jane; Romeo, Rosemary; Bottoms, Jennifer

2008-01-01

430

Uses of Published Research: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic publications are too often ignored by other researchers. There are various reasons: Researchers know that conclusions may eventually be proved wrong; publications are sometimes retracted; effects may decline when studied later; researchers occasionally don't seem to know about papers they have allegedly authored; there are even…

Fahy, Patrick J.

2013-01-01

431

Rivers and coastal research in the Land Ocean Interaction Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK's large scale research initiative, the Land Ocean Interaction Study (LOIS), began in 1993. It parallels and links to current international scientific interest in land\\/sea interaction. The development, structure and research activities included in the highly integrated programme are described, with particular attention to the rivers, estuaries and coastal research. Riverine and estuarine sediment transport, water chemistry and biological

W. B. Wilkinson; G. J. L. Leeks; A. Morris; D. E. Walling

1997-01-01

432

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

433

Feed process studies: Research-Scale Melter  

SciTech Connect

In support of a two-phase approach to privatizing the processing of hazardous and radioactive waste at Hanford, research-scale melter (RSM) experiments were conducted to determine feed processing characteristics of two potential privatization Phase 1 high-level waste glass formulations and to determine if increased Ag, Te, and noble metal amounts would have bad effects. Effects of feed compositions and process conditions were examined for processing rate, cold cap behavior, off-gas, and glass properties. The 2 glass formulations used were: NOM-2 with adjusted waste loading (all components except silica and soda) of 25 wt%, and NOM-3 (max waste loaded glass) with adjusted waste loading of 30 wt%. The 25 wt% figure is the minimum required in the privatization Request for Proposal. RSM operated for 19 days (5 runs). 1010 kg feed was processed, producing 362 kg glass. Parts of runs 2 and 3 were run at 10 to 30 degrees above the nominal temperature 1150 C, with the most significant processing rate increase in run 3. Processing observations led to the choice of NOM-3 for noble metal testing in runs 4 and 5. During noble metal testing, processing rates fell 50% from baseline. Destructive analysis showed that a layer of noble metals and noble metal oxides settled on the floor of the melter, leading to current ``channeling`` which allowed the top section to cool, reducing production rates.

Whittington, K.F.; Seiler, D.K.; Luey, J.; Vienna, J.D.; Sliger, W.A.

1996-09-01

434

A Second Year Evaluation Study of Promethean ActivClassroom. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 2009-2010 school year, Marzano Research Laboratory (MRL) was commissioned by Promethean Ltd. to conduct a second year evaluation study of the effects of Promethean ActivClassroom on student academic achievement. This executive summary highlights the key findings. [For "A Second Year Evaluation Study of Promethean ActivClassroom. Final…

Marzano Research Laboratory, 2010

2010-01-01

435

Reproducible research: a bioinformatics case study.  

PubMed

While scientific research and the methodologies involved have gone through substantial technological evolution the technology involved in the publication of the results of these endeavors has remained relatively stagnant. Publication is largely done in the same manner today as it was fifty years ago. Many journals have adopted electronic formats, however, their orientation and style is little different from a printed document. The documents tend to be static and take little advantage of computational resources that might be available. Recent work, Gentleman and Temple Lang (2003), suggests a methodology and basic infrastructure that can be used to publish documents in a substantially different way. Their approach is suitable for the publication of papers whose message relies on computation. Stated quite simply, Gentleman and Temple Lang (2003) propose a paradigm where documents are mixtures of code and text. Such documents may be self-contained or they may be a component of a compendium which provides the infrastructure needed to provide access to data and supporting software. These documents, or compendiums, can be processed in a number of different ways. One transformation will be to replace the code with its output -- thereby providing the familiar, but limited, static document.

In this paper we apply these concepts to a seminal paper in bioinformatics, namely The Molecular Classification of Cancer, Golub et al (1999). The authors of that paper have generously provided data and other information that have allowed us to largely reproduce their results. Rather than reproduce this paper exactly we demonstrate that such a reproduction is possible and instead concentrate on demonstrating the usefulness of the compendium concept itself. PMID:16646837

Gentleman, Robert

2005-01-01

436

Current Research on Chinese Students Studying Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of China's growing participation and importance in the process of internationalization and globalization a continuously rising number of Chinese students has gone abroad for further study. By the end of the last decade the number of Chinese students abroad made up the largest group of international students in the USA (surpassing those…

Henze, Jurgen; Zhu, Jiani

2012-01-01

437

Revisioning the Process: A Case Study in Feminist Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted a case study of the evaluation of a women's substance abuse prevention program and identified three key aspects of negotiated evaluation. Discusses the processes involved in feminist evaluation, including collaborative agenda setting and cooperative teamwork. (SLD)

Beardsley, Rebecca M.; Miller, Michelle Hughes

2002-01-01

438

Advanced cogeneration research study: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study provides a broad based overview of selected areas relevant to the development of a comprehensive Southern California Edison (SCE) advanced cogeneration project. The areas studied are: (1) Cogeneration potential in the SCE service territory; (2) Advanced cogeneration technologies; and (3) Existing cogeneration computer models. An estimated 3700 MW sub E could potentially be generated from existing industries in the Southern California Edison service territory using cogeneration technology. Of this total, current technology could provide 2600 MW sub E and advanced technology could provide 1100 MW sub E. The manufacturing sector (SIC Codes 20-39) was found to have the highest average potential for current cogeneration technology. The mining sector (SIC Codes 10-14) was found to have the highest potential for advanced technology.

Bluhm, S. A.; Moore, N.; Rosenberg, L.; Slonski, M.

1983-01-01

439

Research study on IPS digital controller design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The performance is investigated of the simplified continuous-data model of the Instrument Pointing System (IPS). Although the ultimate objective is to study the digital model of the system, knowledge on the performance of the continuous-data model is important in the sense that the characteristics of the digital system should approach those of the continuous-data system as the sampling period approaches zero.

Kuo, B. C.; Folkerts, C.

1976-01-01

440

Using Electronic Surveys in Organizational\\/Employee Communication Research: A Study at GE's Global Research Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores methodological issues that communication scholars and practitioners face when administering electronic surveys within for-profit organizations. In 2000, the researchers conducted a series of three cross-sectional studies within General Electric's (GE) Global Research Center. The Center is located in Niskayuna, NY. An equivalent version of a communication survey was administered electronically to a random stratified sample of GE

JOE R. DOWNING; RUSSELL S. CLARK

2007-01-01

441

Research report Congenital amusia in childhood: A case study  

E-print Network

and Sound Research (BRAMS), Universite´ de Montre´al, Canada a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received in singing. We tested her with the child version of the Montreal Battery for the Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA. It is currently diagnosed with the help of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA; Peretz et al., 2003

442

Cell-cycle research with synchronous cultures: an evaluation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The baby-machine system, which produces new-born Escherichia coli cells from cultures immobilized on a membrane, was developed many years ago in an attempt to attain optimal synchrony with minimal disturbance of steady-state growth. In the present article, we put forward a model to describe the behaviour of cells produced by this method, and provide quantitative evaluation of the parameters involved, at each of four different growth rates. Considering the high level of selection achievable with this technique and the natural dispersion in interdivision times, we believe that the output of the baby machine is probably close to optimal in terms of both quality and persistence of synchrony. We show that considerable information on events in the cell cycle can be obtained from populations with age distributions very much broader than those achieved with the baby machine and differing only modestly from steady state. The data presented here, together with the long and fruitful history of findings employing the baby-machine technique, suggest that minimisation of stress on cells is the single most important factor for successful cell-cycle analysis.

Helmstetter, C. E.; Thornton, M.; Grover, N. B.

2001-01-01

443

Research on biophysical evaluation of the human vestibular system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The human vestibular function was studied by the combined approach of advanced measurement and mathematical modelling. Fundamental measurements of some physical properties of endolymph and perilymph, combined with nystagmus measurements and fluid mechanical analysis of semicircular canal function furthered the theory of canal mechanical response to angular acceleration, caloric stimulation and relating linear acceleration. The effects of adaptation seen at low frequency angular stimulation were studied and modelled to remove some shortcomings of the torsion pendulum models. Otolith function was also studied experimentally and analytically, leading to a new set of models for subjective orientation. Applications to special problems of space, including the case of rotating spacecraft were investigated and the interaction of visual and vestibular cues and their relation to proprioceptive information was explored relative to postural control.

Young, L. R.

1974-01-01

444

Participatory Evaluation: A Case Study of Involving Stakeholders in the Evaluation Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

One way to ensure that an evaluation has “utility” is to use a participatory evaluation approach where the evaluator partners with primary users to carry out various phases of an evaluation. This article provides a case study of how participatory evaluation was used in an out-of-school youth development and employment program at the Science Museum of Minnesota's Kitty Andersen Youth

Amy Grack Nelson; Robby Callahan Schreiber

2009-01-01

445

The struggle to prevent and evaluate: application of population attributable risk and preventive fraction to suicide prevention research.  

PubMed

Population attributable risk (PAR) estimates have been used in suicide research to evaluate the impact of psychosocial and socioeconomic risk factors, including affective disorders, traumatic life events, and unemployment. A parallel concept of preventive fraction (PF), allowing for estimation of the impact of protective factors and effectiveness of preventive interventions, is practically unknown in suicidology. The study authors discuss the application of both concepts to suicide research and prevention, and review literature on the subject. Despite several methodological and conceptual limitations, both PAR and PF are valuable instruments to inform development and evaluation of suicide prevention programs. PMID:19929154

Krysinska, Karolina; Martin, Graham

2009-10-01

446

Social Network Analysis to Evaluate an Interdisciplinary Research Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We sought to examine the growth of an interdisciplinary center using social network analysis techniques. Specific aims were to examine the patterns of growth and interdisciplinary connectedness of the Center and to identify the social network characteristics of its productive members. The setting for this study was The Center for Interdisciplinary…

Aboelela, Sally W.; Merrill, Jacqueline A.; Carley, Kathleen M.; Larson, Elaine

2007-01-01

447

PET IMAGING STUDIES IN DRUG ABUSE RESEARCH.  

SciTech Connect

There is overwhelming evidence that addiction is a disease of the brain (Leshner, 1997). Yet public perception that addiction is a reflection of moral weakness or a lack of willpower persists. The insidious consequence of this perception is that we lose sight of the fact that there are enormous medical consequences of addiction including the fact that a large fraction of the total deaths from cancer and heart disease are caused by smoking addiction. Ironically the medical school that educates physicians in addiction medicine and the cancer hospital that has a smoking cessation clinic are vanishingly rare and efforts at harm reduction are frequently met with a public indignation. Meanwhile the number of people addicted to substances is enormous and increasing particularly the addictions to cigarettes and alcohol. It is particularly tragic that addiction usually begins in adolescence and becomes a chronic relapsing problem and there are basically no completely effective treatments. Clearly we need to understand how drugs of abuse affect the brain and we need to be creative in using this information to develop effective treatments. Imaging technologies have played a major role in the conceptualization of addiction as a disease of the brain (Fowler et al., 1998a; Fowler et al., 1999a). New knowledge has been driven by advances in radiotracer design and chemistry and positron emission tomography (PET) instrumentation and the integration of these scientific tools with the tools of biochemistry, pharmacology and medicine. This topic cuts across the medical specialties of neurology, psychiatry, cancer and heart disease because of the high medical, social and economic toll that drugs of abuse, including and especially the legal drugs, cigarettes and alcohol, take on society. In this chapter we will begin by highlighting the important role that chemistry has played in making it possible to quantitatively image the movement of drugs as well as their effects on the human brain. This will be followed by highlights of PET studies of the acute effects of the psychostimulant drugs cocaine and methylphenidate (ritalin) and studies of the chronic effects of cocaine and of tobacco smoke on the human brain. This chapter concludes with the description of a study which uses brain imaging coupled with a specific pharmacological challenge to address the age-old question of why some people who experiment with drugs become addicted while others do not.

Fowler, J.S.; Volkow, N.D.; Ding, Y.S.; Logan, J.; Wang, G.J.

2001-01-29

448

San Juan School Evaluation. Research and Evaluation Report Series No. 27.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The San Juan School (Espanola, New Mexico) was evaluated by a team from the Bureau of Indian Affairs' Central Office staff in Albuquerque. Team members assisted the Division of Program Review as representatives from other divisions, using the expertise in their respective fields. The methodology and techniques, which were left to the evaluator's…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Albuquerque, NM.

449

Faculty Research Socialization: A Study of Faculty Perceptions of Research Socialization Experiences at a Large Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This purpose of the study is to examine perspectives of fulltime faculty at the School of Education in a major public research university on their socialization experiences to research. The institution offers several programs that socialize junior and senior faculty to many aspects of the faculty position, however, programs that are related to…

Jalloun, Omar A.

2010-01-01

450

Sensory Evaluation of Reduced-Fat Sfe Pecans by Research Methods Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: Establish parameters for pecan extraction and to help teach research methods.A graduate research methods class participated in a study to establish processing parameters for supercritical fluid (SFE) extraction. Using this extraction procedure researchers at Oklahoma State University are beginning studies to lower the fat level and extend shelf life of pecans. The objective of this study was, using

B. Chinta; N. S. Knight

1996-01-01

451

Using Abductive Research Logic: "The Logic of Discovery", to Construct a Rigorous Explanation of Amorphous Evaluation Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Two kinds of research logic prevail in scientific research: deductive research logic and inductive research logic. However, both fail in the field of evaluation, especially evaluation conducted in unfamiliar environments. Purpose: In this article I wish to suggest the application of a research logic--"abduction"--"the logic of…

Levin-Rozalis, Miri

2010-01-01

452

Evaluating Industry-Based Doctoral Research Programs: Perspectives and Outcomes of Australian Cooperative Research Centre Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers of the future will need to be able to work across the increasingly porous boundaries between university, industry, government and community sectors. Concerns have been raised internationally for several decades about the content and approaches adopted in doctoral programs. Innovative doctoral programs that facilitate students'…

Manathunga, Catherine; Pitt, Rachael; Cox, Laura; Boreham, Paul; Mellick, George; Lant, Paul

2012-01-01

453

The undersea habitat as a space station analog: Evaluation of research and training potential  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An evaluation is given of the utility of undersea habitats for both research and training on behavioral issues relative to the space station. The feasibility of a particular habitat, La Chalupa, is discussed.

Helmreich, Robert L.; Wilhelm, John A.

1985-01-01

454

The Utility of Degree of Implementation Measures in Program Implementation and Evaluation Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the technique of measuring program implementation, describing an effort to evaluate and refine the implementation of an innovative instructional model and examining the implications of this project for future research. (MCG)

Wang, Margaret C.; And Others

1984-01-01

455

78 FR 16679 - Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request for Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Medical Policy Council; Request for Comments AGENCY...and other interested organizations, on medical policy issues that may be considered by the CDER Medical Policy Council (Council) in FDA's...

2013-03-18

456

Case study research and network theory: birds of a feather  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to advocate that case study research needs to renew itself and employ its full potential as an innovative theory-generating methodology in management disciplines; and to propose that a viable strategy for such renewal is to exploit the power of case study research and network theory as supplementary methodologies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper

Evert Gummesson

2007-01-01

457

Hermeneutics, Interpretive Cultural Research, and the Study of Sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of scholars who are committed to the goal of broadening their understanding of cultures utilize hermeneutics, the study of interpretation, as a theoretical basis for the research methodologies which they employ. From the perspective of hermeneutics, both culture itself and the research processes by which culture is studied are considered to be constituted partially by shared meanings which

Janet C. Harris

1981-01-01

458

Safeguarding Post-Laming: Initial Scoping Study. LGA Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Local Government Association (LGA) commissioned the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to undertake an initial scoping study into safeguarding post-Laming, with a view to undertaking further work if relevant. The purpose of the study was to identify research and literature produced since the Laming report was published in…

Atkinson, Mary

2010-01-01

459

Depression Research - The STAR*D Study - Relief in Hours?  

MedlinePLUS

... of this page please turn Javascript on. The STAR*D Study New research reveals that, by working ... Southwestern Medical Center and co-authors of the STAR*D study. Photo courtesy of University of Texas ...

460

Video conferencing technology in research on schizophrenia: a qualitative study of site research staff.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to advance knowledge of the experience of multisite research staff with video conferencing mental health data collection among study participants with schizophrenia. An end-of-study focus group was conducted with all (N = 19) study coordinators of a multisite randomized trial of pharmacotherapy for schizophrenia to characterize the experiences of coordinators overseeing semistructured assessments via video conferencing technology (VCT). Researchers conducted an audiotaped voluntary focus group. Investigators independently coded a transcript of the focus group, followed by discussions to reach consensus on key themes. Three key themes emerged, involving issues associated with (a) the technology itself, (b) the technology in the context of clinical care and research, and (c) the feasibility of using VCT for study assessments, including coordinators' perceptions of participants' experience of VCT. Additional themes were that (a) interviewer skills appeared to moderate the impact of VCT, (b) research participants with serious psychiatric disorders who participated in VCT assessments appeared, overall, to be more amenable to the technology than research coordinators anticipated, and (c) because VCT will be adapted in a wide range of settings, staffing and resource needs should be considered in planning for and adopting VCT for psychiatric research or clinical assessment. This study adds contextual detail and emphasis to the existing literature on the use of VCT in research and factors regarding the effective deployment of the technology in research. PMID:24575916

Rowe, Michael; Rosenheck, Robert; Stern, Erica; Bellamy, Chyrell

2014-01-01

461

A facility for using cluster research to study environmental problems  

SciTech Connect

This report begins by describing the general application of cluster based research to environmental chemistry and the development of a Cluster Structure and Dynamics Research Facility (CSDRF). Next, four important areas of cluster research are described in more detail, including how they can impact environmental problems. These are: surface-supported clusters, water and contaminant interactions, time-resolved dynamic studies in clusters, and cluster structures and reactions. These facilities and equipment required for each area of research are then presented. The appendices contain workshop agenda and a listing of the researchers who participated in the workshop discussions that led to this report.

Not Available

1991-11-01

462

The concept map as a research and evaluation tool: Further evidence of validity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study sought further evidence of the concurrent validity of concept mapping as a research and evaluation tool in science education. Specifically, the study examined the extent to which differences exist in the concept maps of advanced college biology majors (N = 25) and beginning nonmajors (N = 25) in the domain of mammals. Furthermore, it explored whether these differences are reflected in the way subjects assign class membership as revealed in a card sorting task. The results indicate that concept maps of biology majors are structurally more complex than those of nonmajors and that differences in the structural complexity and organizational patterns depicted in concept maps are reflected in the underlying dimensions used to assign class membership. Together, these findings suggest that the concept map provides a theoretically powerful and psychometrically sound tool for assessing conceptual change in experimental and classroom settings.

Markham, Kimberly M.; Mintzes, Joel J.; Jones, M. Gail

463

Evaluation of Differentiated Human Bronchial Epithelial Cell Culture Systems for Asthma Research  

PubMed Central

The aim of the current study was to evaluate primary (human bronchial epithelial cells, HBEC) and non-primary (Calu-3, BEAS-2B, BEAS-2B R1) bronchial epithelial cell culture systems as air-liquid interface- (ALI-) differentiated models for asthma research. Ability to differentiate into goblet (MUC5AC+) and ciliated (?-Tubulin IV+) cells was evaluated by confocal imaging and qPCR. Expression of tight junction/adhesion proteins (ZO-1, E-Cadherin) and development of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) were assessed. Primary cells showed localised MUC5AC, ?-Tubulin IV, ZO-1, and E-Cadherin and developed TEER with, however, a large degree of inter- and intradonor variation. Calu-3 cells developed a more reproducible TEER and a phenotype similar to primary cells although with diffuse ?-Tubulin IV staining. BEAS-2B cells did not differentiate or develop tight junctions. These data highlight the challenges in working with primary cell models and the need for careful characterisation and selection of systems to answer specific research questions. PMID:22287976

Stewart, Ceri E.; Torr, Elizabeth E.; Mohd Jamili, Nur H.; Bosquillon, Cynthia; Sayers, Ian

2012-01-01

464

The Analysis of Health Research System Evaluation in Medical Sciences Universities  

PubMed Central

Background: Based on Iran by 2025 defined vision, we must to receive the first grade of science position in south western Asian region. Thus we need to have a comprehensive evaluation program. Methods: A comprehensive WHO Health Research System Analysis (HRSA)- based evaluation system was developed to evaluate the HRS in Iran. This article has explored the results of the five-year evaluation (2003–2008) and aims to introduce this method to other developing countries. Here we explore the results of research performance evaluation from 2002 to 2010 and by comparing the results with previous available information, we reveal the probable role of this method in research promotion and proposed approach to facilitate and expedite achieving the prospects for goals of health research based on the visions of Iran by 2025. Results: All of the indicators of stewardship and capacity building axes are received to their predefined levels. Moreover all of the medical science university research policies are based on their strategic plannings which are extracted from national visions of Iran by 2025. Most of the predefined goals in knowledge production domain had a significant grow trend but for more growth for commitments they should be closely follow. Conclusion: We developed an HRS-based comprehensive evaluation program to our national vision as well as our regional and international research competition. PMID:23865018

Djalalinia, Sh; Peykari, N; Owlia, P; Eftekhari, M Baradaran; Habibi, E; Falahat, K; Mojarrab, Sh; Malekafzali, H; Ghanei, M

2013-01-01

465

Kyle: A Case Study in Parent-Teacher Action Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an action research project focused on a first-grader with a severe articulation disorder. Intervention involved collaboration by his classroom teacher, mother, speech pathologist, and the child to develop, implement, and continually evaluate an action plan. (Contains 12 references.) (DB)

Ryan, Amy K.; Kay, Pamela J.; Fitzgerald, Martha; Paquette, Sandra; Smith, Sonya

2001-01-01

466

ADVANCED COMPOSITES TECHNOLOGY CASE STUDY AT NASA LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes work conducted at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Langley Research Center (NASA-LaRC) in Hampton, VA, under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Waste Reduction Evaluations at Federal Sites (WREAFS) Program. Support for...

467

A Review of Forest Carbon Sequestration Cost Studies: A Dozen Years of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have been analyzing the costs of carbon sequestration for approximately twelve years. The purpose of this paper is to critically review the carbon sequestration cost studies of the past dozen years that have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the forestry option. Several conclusions emerge. While carbon sequestration cost studies all contain essentially the same components they are not comparable on

Kenneth R. Richards; Carrie Stokes

2004-01-01

468

Re-examining a Landmark Research Study: A Teaching Editorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

A landmark research study from the 1950s was reanalyzed. Part of the study's results were confirmed, but other parts were found to have been incompletely analyzed and therefore incorrectly reported. Subsequent scholars who reviewed the study often did not distinguish between the accurate and inaccurate parts of the study. Furthermore, two of the main hypotheses of the study were that

Walter R. Schumm

2012-01-01

469

The Standards for Program Evaluation and the Large For-Profit Social Science Research and Evaluation Companies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ERS Standards could affect the government contract work of large research and evaluation organizations by requiring (in the request for proposals) that work be done in accordance with the standards, incorporating the standards into the proposal, or including the standards in the contract boiler plate. (Author/LC)

Carter, Launor F.

1982-01-01

470

African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES)  

PubMed Central

Objective To define differences in optic disc, retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular structure between healthy participants of African (AD) and European descent (ED) using quantitative imaging techniques in the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES). Methods Reliable images were obtained using stereoscopic photography, confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (Heidelberg retina tomography [HRT]), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for 648 healthy subjects in ADAGES. Findings were compared and adjusted for age, optic disc area, and reference plane height where appropriate. Results The AD participants had significantly greater optic disc area on HRT (2.06 mm2; P<.001) and OCT (2.47 mm2; P<.001) and a deeper HRT cup depth than the ED group (P<.001). Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness was greater in the AD group except within the temporal region, where it was significantly thinner. Central macular thickness and volume were less in the AD group. Conclusions Most of the variations in optic nerve morphologic characteristics between the AD and ED groups are due to differences in disc area. However, differences remain in HRT cup depth, OCT macular thickness and volume, and OCT retinal nerve fiber layer thickness independent of these variables. These differences should be considered in the determination of disease status. PMID:20457974

Girkin, Christopher A.; Sample, Pamela A.; Liebmann, Jeffrey M.; Jain, Sonia; Bowd, Christopher; Becerra, Lida M.; Medeiros, Felipe A.; Racette, Lyne; Dirkes, Keri A.; Weinreb, Robert N.; Zangwill, Linda M.

2010-01-01

471

Social Science at the Center for Adaptive Optics: Synergistic Systems of Program Evaluation, Applied Research, Educational Assessment, and Pedagogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the interaction of four elements of social science as they have evolved in concert with the Center for Adaptive Optics Professional Development Program (CfAO PDP). We hope these examples persuade early-career scientists and engineers to include social science activities as they develop grant proposals and carry out their research. To frame our discussion we use a metaphor from astronomy. At the University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC), the CfAO PDP and the Educational Partnership Center (EPC) are two young stars in the process of forming a solar system. Together, they are surrounded by a disk of gas and dust made up of program evaluation, applied research, educational assessment, and pedagogy. An idea from the 2001 PDP intensive workshops program evaluation developed into the Assessing Scientific Inquiry and Leadership Skills (AScILS) applied research project. In iterative cycles, AScILS researchers participated in subsequent PDP intensive workshops, teaching social science while piloting AScILS measurement strategies. Subsequent "orbits" of the PDP program evaluation gathered ideas from the applied research and pedagogy. The denser regions of this disk of social science are in the process of forming new protoplanets as tools for research and teaching are developed. These tools include problem-solving exercises or simulations of adaptive optics explanations and scientific reasoning; rubrics to evaluate the scientific reasoning simulation responses, knowledge regarding inclusive science education, and student explanations of science/engineering inquiry investigations; and a scientific reasoning curriculum. Another applied research project is forming with the design of a study regarding how to assess engineering explanations. To illustrate the mutual shaping of the cross-disciplinary, intergenerational group of educational researchers and their projects, the paper ends with a description of the professional trajectories of some of the researchers involved in this complex solar system.

Goza, B. K.; Hunter, L.; Shaw, J. M.; Metevier, A. J.; Raschke, L.; Espinoza, E.; Geaney, E. R.; Reyes, G.; Rothman, D. L.

2010-12-01

472

Therapeutic research in low-income countries: studying trial communities.  

PubMed

Social scientists undertaking studies of transnational medical research in developing countries focus on 'trial communities': networks of funders, institutions, researchers, clinical staff, fieldworkers and study participants. They relate these to the political economy that brings powerful research resources to poor settings. Whereas bioethicists tend to consider universal ethical requirements, social scientists examine how ethics are practiced in given situations in the light of the concerns and interests held by different parties involved in medical research. In conditions of poverty, high morbidity and weak public health services, research subjects are heavily induced by the prospect of high quality medical care and other benefits that researchers seem to offer. Studies of medical research undertaken by well-established internationally funded institutions in Africa show that parents are keen to have their children 'join' projects at these organisations. They assess benefits and risks less in terms of specific research projects and more in terms of their overall trust in the care these institutions are known to have provided previously for others in the community. Bioethics should widen its scope beyond concern with protecting individual subjects from the risks of specific research projects. It should recognise that clinical and research functions are indistinguishable for many participants, who want information on results of clinical investigations and sustained support for improving the health of their children. PMID:24748638

Whyte, Susan Reynolds

2014-11-01

473

Case Studies in Describing Scientific Research Efforts as Linked Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Web is growing with numerous scientific resources, prompting increased efforts in information management to consider integration and exchange of scientific resources. Scientists have many options to share scientific resources on the Web; however, existing options provide limited support to scientists in annotating and relating research resources resulting from a scientific research effort. Moreover, there is no systematic approach to documenting scientific research and sharing it on the Web. This research proposes the Collect-Annotate-Refine-Publish (CARP) Methodology as an approach for guiding documentation of scientific research on the Semantic Web as scientific collections. Scientific collections are structured descriptions about scientific research that make scientific results accessible based on context. In addition, scientific collections enhance the Linked Data data space and can be queried by machines. Three case studies were conducted on research efforts at the Cyber-ShARE Research Center of Excellence in order to assess the effectiveness of the methodology to create scientific collections. The case studies exposed the challenges and benefits of leveraging the Semantic Web and Linked Data data space to facilitate access, integration and processing of Web-accessible scientific resources and research documentation. As such, we present the case study findings and lessons learned in documenting scientific research using CARP.

Gandara, A.; Villanueva-Rosales, N.; Gates, A.

2013-12-01

474

Team Approach in the First Research Experience for Undergraduates in Botany/Zoology 152: Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes the findings of the Learning through Evaluation, Adaptation and Dissemination (LEAD) Center's report on the team approach to the first research experience for undergraduates in botany and zoology. Students (N=25) and faculty (N=12) were interviewed and a comparison was made between students who performed the research in…

Wisconsin Univ., Madison. LEAD Center.

475

The Advance of Research and Evaluation Skills by EPs: Implications for Training and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research and evaluation has become increasingly important in many professions, including educational psychology, particularly as the profession moves to becoming more evidence-based in its practice. The recent move to a three year doctoral programme in England, Wales and Northern Ireland may be viewed as a positive one in developing research

Eodanable, Miranda; Lauchlan, Fraser

2009-01-01

476

The National Evaluation of School Nutrition Programs. Review of Research: Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a review of research pertaining to federally subsidized school nutrition programs are presented in this report. The aim of the review of research is to provide guidance for the design of the subsequent parts of the evaluation by describing the school nutrition programs and their operations and by providing baseline information on…

Nelson, Kathryn, Ed.; And Others

477

Matriculation Evaluation: Monographs on Designs from the Local Research Options Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November 1989, nine research designs developed to assist local colleges in the evaluation of their matriculation activities were disseminated to the California community colleges. These designs, created as part of the Local Research Options Project, focused on measuring the effects of the colleges' matriculation activities on student…

1992

478

Evaluation of Minority Retention Programs: The Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program at the University of Michigan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation was done of the first year of the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), which is designed not only to teach students about research and/or certain academic topics, but also to facilitate the identification of minority students with the university. This second aim is based on…

Jonides, John; And Others

479

Studies and research on global climate change produced in Dobrogea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies and research on global climate change produced in Dobrogea Atmospheric phenomena risk, high acuity products in recent years compels us to a more careful study of the phenomena caused by global climate change produced in Dobrogea. Risk atmospheric phenomena and quick release is characterized by extremely high energies that are catastrophic, sudden and hard to prognosis in current contexts. In our paper we clarify the concept of aridity, and discusses related concepts including indices of aridity, and their influence on Dobrogea area and soil features including climatic water deficit. The drought impact is evaluated by calculating different indices of drought from meteorological and hydrological point of view. In Dobrogea, the phenomena mentioned already manifested by hail, violent storms, tornadoes, heavy precipitation, rainfall, manifested in short periods, producing floods and landslides. Sudden changes, increased environmental air parameters (temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure) creates, in turn, serious human discomfort and other negative effects of socio-economic. These "risk events" is frequently interleaves severe periods of drought, completing the sequence of natural disasters are difficult to predict. Another characteristic of desertification in Dobrogea is eroding - cruel impoverishment of the soil created by strong winds and violent rain causes strong erosion. Dust storms and sand pits desert areas severely affects state land, forests and degrade air quality breathable, cruelly destroying into ozone. Summarizing, the objective of this paper is to present some results using drought indices and a Grid computing application, which estimates the land surface temperature (LST) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) at regional scale.

Serban, Cristina; Maftei, Carmen; Zagan, Sabina; Chitu, Greti; Zagan, Remus

2013-04-01

480

Evaluation of Management Development: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on how behaviour changes in an organization should be evaluated following management development. Describes the evaluation strategy, the rationale for this, and problems associated with such a strategy, following a team-building programme of integrated modules in a community-based unit of a district health authority.

Graeme Currie

1994-01-01

481

Evaluation of the Dissemination Program from an Education Research and Development Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the information dissemination program of the National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) uses a inclusive approach to gather, analyze, and report information to help decision makers. Results of three questionnaires, reviews and analyses of CRESST products, and Internet records were used to…

Dietel, Ronald James

482

The Contributions of the Bureau of Occupational Education Research towards Establishing an Education Evaluation System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report specifies the contributions of the Bureau of Occupational Education Research (BOER) towards establishing an education evaluation system in the New York State Education Department. Section I shows what BOER has done since 1968 in developing an education evaluation system. Thirteen documented examples are given to demonstrate samples of…

Alvir, Howard P.

483

Research on risk evaluation model of project financing based on neural network  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many uncertainties in project financing on account of its own characters, which causes the risk evaluation of the project financing to become the key point of carrying on the project financing risk management. By recognizing these risk factors of project financing and based on the research of its risk evaluation index system, this paper, by use of the

Duan Guolin

2007-01-01

484

A Review of Bases for Evaluating the Performance of Agricultural Research Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to evaluating agricultural research organizations so that they can contribute more effectively to increased food production are outlined, focusing on the need to evaluate the operations and output of each organizational component and on assessing a variety of organizational factors. (MSE)

Musewe, V. O.

1986-01-01

485

Evaluating the Impact of Interventions That Promote Successful Transitions from High School. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research brief examines the challenges and opportunities presented in evaluating whether an intervention achieves defined goals of increasing students' educational attainment, employment, and earnings after high school. The report concludes that evaluations should: (1) Distinguish between gross outcomes (such as how many young people attend…

Bangser, Michael

2008-01-01

486

SLU evaLUateS An international comparison has revealed that SLU researchers  

E-print Network

before been evaluated at a Swedish University. The evaluation method Scientific quality was assessed scientific quality, but also the relevance and benefit of research to the community.These aspects had never (Units of Assessment ­ UoA).The experts were also divided up into 15 Scientific Panels, each made up of 3